3 weeks ago


as well as new additions

as well as new additions to the number of poor due to urban growth. It emphasizes that States/UTs develop a Slum–free State/UT/Cities vision and develop a legal framework for regularizing space and accord property rights to the slum-dwellers as well as create space for the poor and new entrants to cities as they grow. It proposes a four-pronged approach: (i) ‘in situ’ development programmes with basic amenities and an enabling strategy for affordable housing in the case of ‘tenable’ slums, with reconfiguration to the extent possible based on town planning norms of the State/UT concerned; (ii) (iii) (iv) development in ‘relocation’ sites with affordable housing and access to all basic amenities, including easy access of public transportation to commute to jobs for rehabilitating the ‘untenable’ slums; efforts will first be made to re-examine the issue of so-called ‘untenability’ and whether the untenable slums could be settled in tenable slums with densification based on city-wise slum upgrading approach; housing and civic development programmes in peripheries of existing cities and towns to accommodate the urban poor including migrants, with a focus on publicprivate partnerships and requiring/incentivising developers to adopt inclusive zoning and reserve land/houses for the poor; and integrated-and-inclusive new townships around emerging hubs of industry, trade and commerce, including Special Economic Zones (SEZs) with adequate space for housing the poor and informal sector workers as part of the location policy for those entities. To develop a suitable city level strategy RAY will take up an ‘equitable cities campaign’ in select cities /municipalities. These cities will be enable to draw up development and action plans within the state specific plan/policy, and to operationalise them to upgrade or rehabilitate existing slums and make new land and housing available for the urban poor within the formal planning system at least at the rate of their growth in population. The RAY emphasizes taking a whole city (preferably city agglomeration) approach, mapping all existing slums and deficiencies therein, and undertaking a complete household biometric survey with identification numbers. The objectives of the revised (with modified guidelines) Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY) are: • Addressing urban poverty alleviation through gainful employment to the urban 154

unemployed or underemployed poor by encouraging them to set up self-employment ventures (individual or group), with support for their sustainability; • Supporting skill development and training programmes to enable the urban poor have access to employment opportunities opened up by the market or undertake to self-employment; and • Empowering the community to tackle the issues of urban poverty through suitable self-managed community structures like Neighbourhood Groups (NHGs), Neighbourhood Committees (NHC), and Community Development Society (CDS). The delivery of inputs under the Scheme shall be through the medium of urban local bodies and community structures. Thus, Swarna Jayanti Shahari RojgarYojana seeks to strengthen these local bodies and community organizations to enable them address the issues of employment and income generation facing the urban poor. It may however be remembered that slum clearance schemes in India are quite old. The success so far has been limited because of legal, administrative, and financial hurdles. Also, the approach so far has not been holistic. Slums require to be viewed as part of the larger problem of housing and mass deprivation that confronts a city. There has to be realistic recognition of the constraints so that measures are devised to overcome these. Accessing urban land for housing the poor in a high-value real estate market will continue to be a serious challenge. There will be an urgent need to create land banks through appropriate land-use zoning. Substantial financial allocations from the central, state, and local governments will also be required. Given this context, the new initiative in terms of these two programmes are welcome and would provide a significant breakthrough if these are followed up by a citybased strategy for reducing urban poverty supplemented by effective support by the state governments. Under the RAS, urban local bodies will be required to a) conduct slum and BPL household surveys, priorities slums identify beneficiaries, explain schemes and issue biometric ID cards; b) implement the RAS in convergence with Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, including the scheme of Affordable Housing along with other programmes, dovetailing Swarna Jayanti Shahari RojgarYojana to address the concerns of employment and skill development of the urban poor in addition to shelter; and c) induce public private partnership in construction, especially new construction of 155

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau