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shown in the fiscal

shown in the fiscal restructuring scenario that the capital expenditure to GSDP ratio can be increased to a level close to 4.6 percent of GSDP by 2014-15. This will not cause any increase in the debt-GSDP ratio, which remains close to 21 percent. 3. On the revenue expenditure side, even though there may be some pressure on pensions and salaries, the interest payment relative to GSDP will steadily go down as growth of liabilities is kept in check. 4. In combination with buoyant revenues, with buoyancy marginally above 1, expenditure on education and health can be increased from 2.56 and 0.66 percent of GSDP in 2007-08 RE, respectively, to nearly 5 percent of GSDP in the case of education and a little less than 1.3 percent in the case of health. This will however necessitate some reduction in other social and economic services but some restructuring within this group can accommodate increase in expenditure on water supply and sanitation. 5. Other components of fiscal structuring would include reforms in subsidies, continuous monitoring of non-tax revenues, linked to increases in the cost of providing services, and preparation for the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST). d. Coping with Inter-district and Intra-district Imbalances There are considerable inter-district and intra-districts differences in Tamil Nadu in respect of the incidence of poverty, nature and level of economic activities, education indicators, health indicators and gender development indicators. Demographic differences like the share of young population in total population also provide significant inputs for devising a suitable strategy for coping with spatial imbalances in the context of MDGsbased poverty reduction. The following are some of the major highlights of inter-district deficiencies in Tamil Nadu. (i) Income and Poverty 1. In terms of real per capita Gross District Domestic Product (GDDP), indicative of income differences, the most deficient five districts are: Villupuram, Thiruvannamalai, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, and Thiruvarur. Relative to the average, the differences across districts in per capita GDDP are quite large. 2. In terms of share of below poverty line (BPL) population to total rural population, the districts with the highest incidence are: Ramanathapuram (59.5 percent), Madurai (42.8 percent), Perambalur (39.5 percent), Karur (37 percent), and Kanchipuram and Sivagangai (35 percent). 162

3. In terms of composition of BPL population - districts with the largest share of landless labour - the five most disadvantaged districts are Theni, the Nilgiris, Thirunelveli, Kanniyakumari, and Madurai. 4. For electricity connectivity, the most deficient districts are: Thiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Pudukkottai, Ariyalur, and Ramanathapuram. (ii) Education 1. In terms of the gross enrolment ratio, the five most deficient districts are: Thiruvannamalai, Villupuram, the Nilgiris, Krishnagiri, and Vellore. Relative to the average, the per capita differences in gross enrolment ratio (GER) are limited. 2. In terms of literacy rate, the five most deficient districts are: Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Villupuram, Perambalur, and Erode. Inter-district differences in literacy relative to the average are nearly twice as large as in the case of GER. (iii) Health 1. For life expectancy at birth (LEB), the five most deficient districts are: Theni, Dindigul, Virudhunagar, Ramanathapuram, and Namakkal. In this case also, the inter-district differences are limited. 2. For population of children in the age group 0-6 years, the neediest districts are: Dharmapuri, Ariyalur, Pudukkottai, Ramanathapuram and Villupuram. 3. For provision of safe drinking water, the neediest districts are: Ramanathapuram, Kanniyakumari, Thiruvallur, the Nilgiris and Sivagangai. (iv) Gender 1. In terms of the gender development index (GDI), the five most deficient districts, taking into account all the determinants of GDI are: Dharmapuri, Villupuram, Krishnagiri, Thiruvannamalai, and Perambalur. 2. For gender related disabilities, some of the notable districts are Dharmapuri, Salem, Theni, Perambalur and Virudhunagar. In all these cases, the relative position of all the districts in Tamil Nadu in terms of an index deficiency has been provided in this study. In terms of different indicators of achievements and needs, the relative order of districts often varies over a large range. Also, it is not the same district that is relatively most deficient in all respects although there are some districts that appear in the list of most disadvantaged in several respects like Dharmapuri, Ramanathapuram, Thiruvannamalai, Villupuram, and Perambalur. 163

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
Nammakal - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau