10 months ago


iii. Coordinated efforts

iii. Coordinated efforts to address and integrate slum upgrading in the overall city development strategy. iv. For the slums on private tenable lands, the respective ULB should acquire the land based on negotiated compensation. v. Minimize relocation distances to reduce the impact on livelihoods and provide some choice of alternative sites and alternative rehabilitation packages to the affected people. vi. Ensure adequate services and public transportation to all resettlement sites, prior to settlement; consider providing facilities like free bus-cum-rail pass for some initial period. vii. Provide for costs in case of involuntary resettlement in case of objectionable slums. viii. Constitute a multi-disciplinary task force, particularly in Municipal Corporations and bigger Municipal towns to carry out routine eviction activities. ix. Establish and enhance a dedicated Slum Development Funds to finance various slum upgrading initiatives. f. Reforming Programmes: There are several programmes for urban poverty reduction introduced by the central government. The state government has to devise its own programmes as the trends of urban poverty in Tamil Nadu require forward-looking attention now. Some of the existing programmes having a bearing on urban poverty reduction are listed in Table 7.2. Table 7.2: Urban Poverty Reduction Programmes Income Generating Asset Generating Area Based Schemes Schemes Schemes Swarna Jaynti Shahri Rozgar Yojana(SJSRY) Jawahar Lal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) Environment Improvement of Urban Slums (EIUS) Nehru Rozgar Yojana (NRY) Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) Integrated Development of Small and Medium Towns (IDSMT) Prime Minister’s Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Programme (PMIUPEP Small Enterprise for Urban Poor (SEUP) Integrated Low Cost Sanitation Scheme (ILCS) Urban Basic Services for the Poor (USBSP) and 180 Comprehensive Slum Improvement Programme (CSIP) Urban Community Development (UCD)

Some initiative by Government of Tamil Nadu include the setting up of Tamil Nadu Urban Development Fund (TNUDF) for bridging the demand-supply gap by linking ULB’s with capital markets and to instill a sense of market discipline. The TNUDF is on a ‘Public-Private Partnership' mode, with the participation of Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India (ICICI), Housing Development Finance Corporation (HDFC) and Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services (IL&FS). Some specific steps of the state level initiatives are listed below. While urban poverty reduction languished for many years, in recent times a new thrust and priority has been given to this growing problem. Important among the new initiatives are the Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission, a modified Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana, and the Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAS). Rajiv Awas Yojana envisages tackling the issues of inclusive growth and slumfree-cities, including basic amenities and affordable housing to the existing slum-dwellers as well as new additions to the number of poor due to urban growth. It emphasizes that States/UTs develop a Slum–free State/UT/Cities vision and develop a legal framework for regularizing space and accord property rights to the slum-dwellers as well as create space for the poor and new entrants to cities as they grow. It proposes a four-pronged approach: (i) ‘in situ’ development programmes with basic amenities and an enabling strategy for affordable housing in the case of ‘tenable’ slums, with reconfiguration to the extent possible based on town planning norms of the State/UT concerned; (ii) development in ‘relocation’ sites with affordable housing and access to all basic amenities, including easy access of public transportation to commute to jobs for rehabilitating the ‘untenable’ slums; efforts will first be made to re-examine the issue of so-called ‘untenability’ and whether the untenable slums could be settled in tenable slums with densification based on city-wise slum upgrading approach; (iii) housing and civic development programmes in peripheries of existing cities and towns to accommodate the urban poor including migrants, with a focus on publicprivate partnerships and requiring/incentivising developers to adopt inclusive zoning and reserve land/houses for the poor; and (iv) integrated-and-inclusive new townships around emerging hubs of industry, trade and 181

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
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