8 months ago


commerce, including

commerce, including Special Economic Zones (SEZs) with adequate space for housing the poor and informal sector workers as part of the location policy for those entities. Under the RAS, urban local bodies will be required to 1. conduct slum and BPL household surveys, priorities slums identify beneficiaries, explain schemes and issue biometric ID cards; 2. implement the RAS in convergence with Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, including the scheme of Affordable Housing along with other programmes, dovetailing Swarna Jayanti Shahari RojgarYojana to address the concerns of employment and skill development of the urban poor in addition to shelter; and 3. induce public private partnership in construction, especially new construction of social housing by identifying land or deciding on models for public-private – partnership with land of the private parties. Wherever feasible, additional land for urban development will need to be released by the construction of outer ring roads. The construction of the ring roads and extension of inner city road networks themselves will create jobs for skilled as well as unskilled labour, release land for other economic activities between the ring road and the inner city or otherwise extended urban areas while preventing formation of additional slums through the strategy of low-cost housing. However, separate financing will be required for the development of physical and social infrastructure. To develop a suitable city level strategy RAY will take up an ‘equitable cities campaign’ in select cities /municipalities. These cities will be enable to draw up development and action plans within the state specific plan/policy, and to operationalise them to upgrade or rehabilitate existing slums and make new land and housing available for the urban poor within the formal planning system at least at the rate of their growth in population. The RAY emphasizes taking a whole city (preferably city agglomeration) approach, mapping all existing slums and deficiencies therein, and undertaking a complete household biometric survey with identification numbers. The objectives of the revised (with modified guidelines) Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana (SJSRY) are: 182

• Addressing urban poverty alleviation through gainful employment to the urban unemployed or underemployed poor by encouraging them to set up self-employment ventures (individual or group), with support for their sustainability; • Supporting skill development and training programmes to enable the urban poor have access to employment opportunities opened up by the market or undertake to self-employment; and • Empowering the community to tackle the issues of urban poverty through suitable self-managed community structures like Neighbourhood Groups (NHGs), Neighbourhood Committees (NHC), and Community Development Society (CDS). The delivery of inputs under the Scheme shall be through the medium of urban local bodies and community structures. Thus, Swarna Jayanti Shahari RojgarYojana seeks to strengthen these local bodies and community organizations to enable them address the issues of employment and income generation facing the urban poor. It may however be remembered that slum clearance schemes in India are quite old. The success so far has been limited because of legal, administrative, and financial hurdles. Also, the approach so far has not been holistic. Slums require to be viewed as part of the larger problem of housing and mass deprivation that confronts a city. There has to be realistic recognition of the constraints so that measures are devised to overcome these. Accessing urban land for housing the poor in a high-value real estate market will continue to be a serious challenge. There will be an urgent need to create land banks through appropriate land-use zoning. Substantial financial allocations from the central, state, and local governments will also be required. Given this context, the new initiative in terms of these two programmes are welcome and would provide a significant breakthrough if these are followed up by a citybased strategy for reducing urban poverty supplemented by effective support by the state governments. An action plan for poverty reduction for tackling slums, health and education, services, and employment and livelihood was discussed in Table 6.14. 183

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Nammakal - Tamil Nadu Police
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau