Views
7 months ago

POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

In regard to reduction

In regard to reduction in the urban poverty HCR, again the reduction was marginal during the period 1973-74 to 1983 (Table 1.4). Even up to 1993-94, the reduction was just about 10 percentage points compared to the 1973-74 figures. During this period, the all-India performance of reducing urban poverty was comparatively better as the HCR fell from 49 percent to 32.4 percent. It is after 1993-94 that the reduction in urban poverty in Tamil Nadu was far sharper compared to the all-India figure. In this period, in Tamil Nadu the reduction in urban HCR amounted to more than 17 percentage points whereas the corresponding figure for the all-India urban poverty was less than 7 percentage points. Table 1.4: Head Count Ratio: Urban: Selected States (Percent) States 1973-74 1977-78 1983 1993-94 2004-05* Andhra Pradesh 50.61 43.55 36.30 38.33 28.0 Bihar 52.96 48.78 47.33 34.50 34.6 Gujarat 52.57 40.02 33.14 27.89 13.0 Haryana 40.18 36.57 24.15 16.38 15.1 Karnataka 52.53 50.36 42.82 40.14 32.6 Kerala 62.74 55.62 45.65 24.55 20.2 Madhya Pradesh 57.65 58.56 53.06 48.38 42.1 Maharashtra 43.87 40.03 40.26 35.15 32.2 Orissa 55.62 50.32 49.15 41.64 44.3 Punjab 27.96 27.32 23.79 11.35 7.1 Rajasthan 52.13 42.53 37.94 30.49 32.9 Tamil Nadu 49.40 46.69 46.96 39.77 22.2 Uttar Pradesh 60.69 56.23 49.82 35.39 30.6 West Bengal 34.67 38.2 32.32 22.41 14.8 All India 49.01 45.24 40.79 32.36 25.7 Source (Basic Data): Government of India, Press Information Bureau. * Data for Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh exclude data for Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Uttarkhand respectively. Considering rural and urban poverty together, Tamil Nadu has one of the most successful records of reducing poverty. As shown in Table 1.5, its poverty head count ratio has fallen from about 35 percent in 1993-94 to 22.5 percent in 2004-05. Although Tamil Nadu’s HCR was almost the same as the all-India HCR in 1993-94, its HCR in 2004- 05 was 5 percentage points lower than the all-India figure. Tamil Nadu was one of the few states in the country, where the urban poverty ratio was higher than the rural poverty ratio in 1993-94. However, Tamil Nadu was successful in reducing urban poverty 6

and the urban poverty ratio was slightly lower than rural ratio (and all-India urban ratio) in 2004-05. Table 1.5 gives a comparative picture for the combined rural and urban poverty HCR. In 2004-05 for Tamil Nadu the combined poverty ratio is nearly 5 percentage points less than the all-India figure of 27.5. However, several states have lower poverty HCR including Andhra Pradesh at 15.8 percent, Gujarat at 16.8 percent, Haryana at 14.0 percent, Kerala at 15 percent, and Punjab at 8.4 percent. Karnataka continues to have an incidence of poverty higher than that of Tami Nadu among the southern states. Table 1.5: Head Count Ratio: Combined: Selected States (Percent) States 1973-74 1977-78 1983 1993-94 2004-05 Andhra Pradesh 48.86 33.31 26.91 22.19 15.8 Bihar 61.91 51.55 62.22 54.96 41.4 Gujarat 48.15 41.23 32.79 24.21 16.8 Haryana 35.36 29.55 21.37 25.05 14.0 Karnataka 54.47 48.78 36.24 33.16 25.0 Kerala 59.79 52.22 40.42 25.43 15.0 Madhya Pradesh 61.78 61.78 49.73 42.52 38.3 Maharashtra 53.24 55.82 43.44 36.86 30.7 Orissa 66.18 70.07 65.29 48.56 46.4 Punjab 28.15 19.27 16.16 11.77 8.4 Rajasthan 46.14 37.42 34.46 27.41 22.1 Tamil Nadu 54.94 54.79 51.66 35.03 22.5 Uttar Pradesh 57.07 49.05 47.07 40.85 32.8 West Bengal 63.43 60.52 54.85 35.66 24.7 All India 54.88 51.32 44.48 35.97 27.5 Source (Basic Data): Government of India, Press Information Bureau. Table 1.6 summarises the improvement in the poverty profile in Tamil Nadu over time. Apart from the HCR, it also gives the number of poor persons in the rural, urban and combined categories since from 1973-74. During the period 1973-74 to 2004-05, the number of total poor declined from 2.4 crore to nearly 1.46 crore. However, all of this reduction in the number of poor cames from rural areas. The number of urban poor actually increased over time in absolute terms reaching a peak of 80.4 lakh in 1993-94. After 1993-94, there was a reduction in the number of urban poor but even in 2004-05 the absolute number of urban poor was larger than that in 1973-74. There is discernable pattern of increasing urbanisation of poverty in Tamil Nadu, measured by the number of 7

  • Page 1: MONOGRAPH 6/2010 MDGs-BASED POVERTY
  • Page 5 and 6: MONOGRAPH 6/2010 March 2010 Price:
  • Page 7 and 8: CONTENTS Acknowledgements Contents
  • Page 9 and 10: List of Tables Table 1.1 Millennium
  • Page 11 and 12: Table 5.10 Status of Urban Water Su
  • Page 13 and 14: Appendix 1.12 Maternal Mortality an
  • Page 15 and 16: MDGs-Based Poverty Reduction: Main
  • Page 17 and 18: . In terms of share of below povert
  • Page 19 and 20: of expenditure on public goods like
  • Page 21 and 22: households or individuals. For each
  • Page 23 and 24: Chapter 1 ISSUES AND INITIAL CONDIT
  • Page 25 and 26: The first three goals relate to era
  • Page 27: . Poverty in Tamil Nadu: Inter-stat
  • Page 31 and 32: the total poor accounted for a prog
  • Page 33 and 34: physical development of people. Mor
  • Page 35 and 36: Table 1.11: Millennium Development
  • Page 37 and 38: indicates that Tamil Nadu will achi
  • Page 39 and 40: However, there is a scope for meeti
  • Page 41 and 42: status of malnutrition. The accepte
  • Page 43 and 44: The under-five mortality rate-U5MR
  • Page 45 and 46: (iv) HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Di
  • Page 47 and 48: 3. While Tami Nadu has done compara
  • Page 49 and 50: Chapter 2 REDUCING POVERTY: THE MAC
  • Page 51 and 52: est of the economy indicates the ex
  • Page 53 and 54: share of the tertiary sector in Tam
  • Page 55 and 56: Chart 2.1: Sectoral Growth in Tamil
  • Page 57 and 58: policies are in place to absorb lar
  • Page 59 and 60: In the context of interface between
  • Page 61 and 62: Table 2.7: Decomposition of the Hea
  • Page 63 and 64: Dutt are not so relevant for predic
  • Page 65 and 66: The SDE estimates vary across the s
  • Page 67 and 68: Chart 2.3 highlights that agricultu
  • Page 69 and 70: 2.6 Summary In summary the followin
  • Page 71 and 72: Chapter 3 FISCAL REFORMS FOR POVERT
  • Page 73 and 74: Bardhan (1996) emphasizes that ofte
  • Page 75 and 76: atio of government employees to pop
  • Page 77 and 78: Table 3.2: Tamil Nadu in Inter-stat
  • Page 79 and 80:

    Chart 3.4: Own Tax Revenues Relativ

  • Page 81 and 82:

    collected by state-owned enterprise

  • Page 83 and 84:

    Chart 3.5: Capital Outlay as percen

  • Page 85 and 86:

    The Fiscal Policy Strategy Statemen

  • Page 87 and 88:

    f. Pension and Salary Expenditures

  • Page 89 and 90:

    10 it is kept at 40 percent to acco

  • Page 91 and 92:

    Government of Tamil Nadu has to sub

  • Page 93 and 94:

    Chapter 4 COPING WITH SPATIAL IMBAL

  • Page 95 and 96:

    In order to focus on the deficient

  • Page 97 and 98:

    Chart 4.2 indicates the arrangement

  • Page 99 and 100:

    Chart 4.5: Human Development Index:

  • Page 101 and 102:

    Table 4.4: Index of Gender Deficien

  • Page 103 and 104:

    Districts Table 4.7: Health Facilit

  • Page 105 and 106:

    Regarding access costs in availing

  • Page 107 and 108:

    4.6 Incidence of Poverty: District

  • Page 109 and 110:

    district followed by Villupuram and

  • Page 111 and 112:

    household willing to do public work

  • Page 113 and 114:

    Districts Table 4.13: Implementatio

  • Page 115 and 116:

    Table 4.14: Share of BPL Population

  • Page 117 and 118:

    Table 4.16: Block -wise Gross Acces

  • Page 119 and 120:

    Table 4.18: Block-wise IMR in Thiru

  • Page 121 and 122:

    8. For provision of safe drinking w

  • Page 123 and 124:

    Chapter 5 WATER, LAND AND AGRICULTU

  • Page 125 and 126:

    5.2 Water: Key Issues in Tamil Nadu

  • Page 127 and 128:

    Table 5.3: Sources of Water Supply

  • Page 129 and 130:

    funding under the Water Resources C

  • Page 131 and 132:

    In 2006-7, 65.83 percent of habitat

  • Page 133 and 134:

    the major cause for poor maintenanc

  • Page 135 and 136:

    about 30 litre per capita per day (

  • Page 137 and 138:

    2006-07). However, total area under

  • Page 139 and 140:

    nearly 3.5 times as high as the pri

  • Page 141 and 142:

    5.4 Agriculture: Key Issues Agricul

  • Page 143 and 144:

    Table 5.19: Productivity (Yield) of

  • Page 145 and 146:

    Only rice and sugarcane received ir

  • Page 147 and 148:

    iv. There are severe water quality

  • Page 149 and 150:

    Chapter 6 LAST MILE REACH STRATEGIE

  • Page 151 and 152:

    targeting as a device to improve ef

  • Page 153 and 154:

    eneficiaries and of delivering prog

  • Page 155 and 156:

    In the nighbourhood of the poverty

  • Page 157 and 158:

    inefficiencies. Some of the major c

  • Page 159 and 160:

    Tamil Nadu is close to achieving un

  • Page 161 and 162:

    programmes. It is the only Self Emp

  • Page 163 and 164:

    districts in Tamil Nadu. Namadhu Gr

  • Page 165 and 166:

    6.5 Reaching Households and Individ

  • Page 167 and 168:

    proposition more insurable, a group

  • Page 169 and 170:

    line to post-office saving banks or

  • Page 171 and 172:

    each the urban poor who live in slu

  • Page 173 and 174:

    Eleventh Plan (2007) observes: “O

  • Page 175 and 176:

    i. provide financial assistance for

  • Page 177 and 178:

    unemployed or underemployed poor by

  • Page 179 and 180:

    Services Prepare detailed water sup

  • Page 181 and 182:

    Chapter 7 SUMMARY AND FORMULATION O

  • Page 183 and 184:

    positive and relatively high. The b

  • Page 185 and 186:

    3. In terms of composition of BPL p

  • Page 187 and 188:

    holdings are smaller than 4 hectare

  • Page 189 and 190:

    There are considerable inter-distri

  • Page 191 and 192:

    Table 7.1: Adjustment during 2007-0

  • Page 193 and 194:

    R i =(I a +I max -I i )/(I a +I max

  • Page 195 and 196:

    line to post-office saving banks or

  • Page 197 and 198:

    d. Targeting As far as rural areas

  • Page 199 and 200:

    7.6 Urban Poverty Reduction Strateg

  • Page 201 and 202:

    Fund, GoTN has created Tamil Nadu I

  • Page 203 and 204:

    Some initiative by Government of Ta

  • Page 205 and 206:

    • Addressing urban poverty allevi

  • Page 207 and 208:

    land. There is need to develop a sc

  • Page 209 and 210:

    REFERENCES Agarwal, S.P. (2005),

  • Page 211 and 212:

    Deaton, Angus and Alessandro Tarozz

  • Page 213 and 214:

    Himmelfarb, G. (1984), The Idea of

  • Page 215 and 216:

    Report of the Working Group on Urba

  • Page 217 and 218:

    APPENDIX TABLES Appendix Table 1.1:

  • Page 219 and 220:

    Appendix Table 1.1 (contd.): Millen

  • Page 221 and 222:

    Appendix Table 1.2 (a): Poverty Lin

  • Page 223 and 224:

    Appendix Table 1.3: Poverty Gap Est

  • Page 225 and 226:

    Appendix Table 1.5: Head Count Rati

  • Page 227 and 228:

    Appendix Table 1.6 (contd.): Progre

  • Page 229 and 230:

    Appendix Table 1.8: Women’s Malnu

  • Page 231 and 232:

    Appendix Table 1.10: Child Mortalit

  • Page 233 and 234:

    Appendix Table 1.11 (contd.): State

  • Page 235 and 236:

    Appendix Table1.12 (contd.): Matern

  • Page 237 and 238:

    Appendix Table 2.3: Decomposition o

  • Page 239 and 240:

    and Publicity Relief from Natural C

  • Page 241 and 242:

    Appendix Table 4.3: Demography Rela

  • Page 243 and 244:

    Appendix Table 4.5: Health Faciliti

  • Page 245 and 246:

    Sl. No Appendix Table 4.7: Efficien

  • Page 247 and 248:

    Appendix Table 4.9: Employment unde

  • Page 249 and 250:

    Appendix Table 5.1: Major and Mediu

  • Page 251 and 252:

    Appendix Table 7.1: Indices for Dis

  • Page 253 and 254:

    ANNEXURES 231

  • Page 255 and 256:

    Monotonicity Sensitivity Axiom Mono

  • Page 257 and 258:

    component of the poverty line is th

  • Page 259 and 260:

    Fuchs (1969), while advocating the

  • Page 261 and 262:

    H = m/n (2) The head count ratio ig

  • Page 263 and 264:

    Annexure 1.3 UNIFORM RECALL PERIOD

  • Page 265 and 266:

    ‣ Periyar became Erode; ‣ Tirun

  • Page 267 and 268:

    Women Receiving 3 Or More ANC Visit

  • Page 269 and 270:

    In Sivagangai, as per 2001 census,

  • Page 271 and 272:

    Table 4.3: Block wise Gender Wise G

  • Page 273 and 274:

    Block Table 4.6: Trained Teachers a

  • Page 275 and 276:

    Annexure 5.1 ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUE

  • Page 277 and 278:

    Annexure 6.1 NOTES ON SELECTED CENT

  • Page 279 and 280:

    10. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalay

  • Page 281:

    MSE Working Papers Recent Issues *

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
Nammakal - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau