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POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

The state wise HPI

The state wise HPI values provided by UNDP (2007) for 1990 and 2000 are shown in Table 1.10. Strictly speaking, values in Table 1.9 and in Table 1.10 are not comparable. Table 1.10: State Wise Human Poverty Index States 1990 2000 States 1990 2000 Andhra Pradesh 43.56 30.49 Maharashtra 35.99 27.57 Assam 46.82 39.55 Orissa 48.17 41.43 Bihar 57.46 46.40 Punjab 37.08 25.18 Gujarat 34.67 28.34 Rajasthan 49.57 37.79 Haryana 37.60 30.06 Tamil Nadu 33.07 22.91 Karnataka 39.27 29.04 Uttar Pradesh 52.17 42.17 Kerala 19.56 11.77 West Bengal 41.30 32.44 Madhya Pradesh 49.68 39.21 India 43.65 33.63 Source: UNDP (2007). However, they provide a rough idea about how the HPI for Tamil Nadu has declined over the years. The HPI for Tamil Nadu was 42.1 in 1981 and declined to 29.3 in 1991 and then to 22.9 in 2000. It is noted that the HPI for Tamil Nadu was significantly low as compared to All India figure in all years. The Millennium Development Goal calls for a halving poverty between 1990 and 2015, implying thereby bringing down the HCR of Tamil Nadu (India) from 39.5 (38.7) percent in 1990 to 19.8 (19.4) percent in 2015. Tamil Nadu is well on track to cut poverty in half by 2015. In fact it seems to achieve the target level in 2007-08 (Table 1.11 and Appendix Table 1.6). But the country will achieve its target by 2018-19. Tamil Nadu has already achieved its MDG target level in urban areas in the year 2003-04 (while our projection indicates that the nation would achieve the target level only in 2023-24). Tamil Nadu, however, will attain its target level in rural areas by 2013-14. The HPI index measure also indicates that the state is on track to the meet the MDG on poverty reduction. A recent study by Chen and Ravallion (2008), has argued that revisions in the poverty lines based on PPP measures resulting from the 2005 ICP (International Comparison Program) price data indicates that that the incidence of poverty in the world is higher than what the past estimates have suggested. The main reason is that the past PPPs had implicitly underestimated the cost of living in most developing countries. Their correction for the bias in past PPPs has added 400 million people to the global count for 2005, when judged against an international poverty line that is representative of the national poverty lines found in the poorest countries. 12

Table 1.11: Millennium Development Goals: Position and Progress in Tamil Nadu Details Value in 1990 MDG Target Value in 2015 Average Annual Growth Rate Projected Value in 2015 Status Projected Year of Achieving Target Poverty 39.53 19.76 -0.0394 14.45 On-track 2007.2 Ratio* Rural 35.77 17.89 -0.0317 16.00 On-track 2011.5 Poverty* Urban 46.62 23.31 -0.0516 12.39 On-track 2003.1 Poverty* Malnutrition: % of Underweight Children 0-3 Years** Rural 60.26 30.13 -0.0534 15.30 On-track 2002.6 Urban 36.32 18.16 -0.0093 28.74 Off-track 2063.9 % of Children (0-5 Years) Undernourished# Tamil Nadu 48.44 24.22 -0.0214 28.18 Off-track 2022.0 Literacy Rate (%) : Person @ Tamil Nadu 61.67 0.0161 91.90 N.A Literacy Rate (%) : Female @ Tamil Nadu 50.15 0.023 88.54 N.A Gross Enrolment at Primary$ Tamil Nadu 135.03 -0.0080 110.48 N.A Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary$ Tamil Nadu 0.86 1.00 0.0056 0.98 Off-track 2018.1 Drop out Rate at Primary Level# Tamil Nadu 19.69 0.00 -0.0198 11.96 Off-track Drop out Rate at Middle School# Tamil Nadu 42.40 0.00 -0.0171 27.50 Off-track Source: NFHS – 1 (1992-93), NFHS – 2 (1998-99), NFHS – 3 (2005-06), Census of India (2001) and Economic Survey (various issues) and Selected Educational Statistics, 2006-07. Note: * Using figures for 1993-94 (V 1 ) and 2004-05 (V 2 ), the annual compound growth rate, r was computed by the formula: r = (V 2 / V 1 - 1). Using r as the discounting rate, the value in 1990 (V 0 ) is obtained and the half of this 1990 value is considered as the target value (V 3 ). Projected value in 2015 (V 4 ) is obtained by the compounding formula: V 4 = 1990*(1+r) 25 . Projected year of attainment of the target (n) is computed by: n = Ln (V 3 /V 0 ) / Ln (1+r). ** 1992-93 and 1998-99 figures are used. # 1991-92 and 2000-01 values are used. @ 1991 and 2001 figures are used. $ 1990-91 and 2006-07 data are used. While the new data suggest that the developing world is poorer than thought earlier, it has been no less successful in reducing the incidence of absolute poverty since the early 1980s. The overall rate of progress against poverty is fairly similar to past estimates. The authors agree that the developing world as a whole is clearly still on track 13

  • Page 1: MONOGRAPH 6/2010 MDGs-BASED POVERTY
  • Page 5 and 6: MONOGRAPH 6/2010 March 2010 Price:
  • Page 7 and 8: CONTENTS Acknowledgements Contents
  • Page 9 and 10: List of Tables Table 1.1 Millennium
  • Page 11 and 12: Table 5.10 Status of Urban Water Su
  • Page 13 and 14: Appendix 1.12 Maternal Mortality an
  • Page 15 and 16: MDGs-Based Poverty Reduction: Main
  • Page 17 and 18: . In terms of share of below povert
  • Page 19 and 20: of expenditure on public goods like
  • Page 21 and 22: households or individuals. For each
  • Page 23 and 24: Chapter 1 ISSUES AND INITIAL CONDIT
  • Page 25 and 26: The first three goals relate to era
  • Page 27 and 28: . Poverty in Tamil Nadu: Inter-stat
  • Page 29 and 30: and the urban poverty ratio was sli
  • Page 31 and 32: the total poor accounted for a prog
  • Page 33: physical development of people. Mor
  • Page 37 and 38: indicates that Tamil Nadu will achi
  • Page 39 and 40: However, there is a scope for meeti
  • Page 41 and 42: status of malnutrition. The accepte
  • Page 43 and 44: The under-five mortality rate-U5MR
  • Page 45 and 46: (iv) HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Di
  • Page 47 and 48: 3. While Tami Nadu has done compara
  • Page 49 and 50: Chapter 2 REDUCING POVERTY: THE MAC
  • Page 51 and 52: est of the economy indicates the ex
  • Page 53 and 54: share of the tertiary sector in Tam
  • Page 55 and 56: Chart 2.1: Sectoral Growth in Tamil
  • Page 57 and 58: policies are in place to absorb lar
  • Page 59 and 60: In the context of interface between
  • Page 61 and 62: Table 2.7: Decomposition of the Hea
  • Page 63 and 64: Dutt are not so relevant for predic
  • Page 65 and 66: The SDE estimates vary across the s
  • Page 67 and 68: Chart 2.3 highlights that agricultu
  • Page 69 and 70: 2.6 Summary In summary the followin
  • Page 71 and 72: Chapter 3 FISCAL REFORMS FOR POVERT
  • Page 73 and 74: Bardhan (1996) emphasizes that ofte
  • Page 75 and 76: atio of government employees to pop
  • Page 77 and 78: Table 3.2: Tamil Nadu in Inter-stat
  • Page 79 and 80: Chart 3.4: Own Tax Revenues Relativ
  • Page 81 and 82: collected by state-owned enterprise
  • Page 83 and 84: Chart 3.5: Capital Outlay as percen
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    The Fiscal Policy Strategy Statemen

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    f. Pension and Salary Expenditures

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    10 it is kept at 40 percent to acco

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    Government of Tamil Nadu has to sub

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    Chapter 4 COPING WITH SPATIAL IMBAL

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    In order to focus on the deficient

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    Chart 4.2 indicates the arrangement

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    Chart 4.5: Human Development Index:

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    Table 4.4: Index of Gender Deficien

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    Districts Table 4.7: Health Facilit

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    Regarding access costs in availing

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    4.6 Incidence of Poverty: District

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    district followed by Villupuram and

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    household willing to do public work

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    Districts Table 4.13: Implementatio

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    Table 4.14: Share of BPL Population

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    Table 4.16: Block -wise Gross Acces

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    Table 4.18: Block-wise IMR in Thiru

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    8. For provision of safe drinking w

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    Chapter 5 WATER, LAND AND AGRICULTU

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    5.2 Water: Key Issues in Tamil Nadu

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    Table 5.3: Sources of Water Supply

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    funding under the Water Resources C

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    In 2006-7, 65.83 percent of habitat

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    the major cause for poor maintenanc

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    about 30 litre per capita per day (

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    2006-07). However, total area under

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    nearly 3.5 times as high as the pri

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    5.4 Agriculture: Key Issues Agricul

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    Table 5.19: Productivity (Yield) of

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    Only rice and sugarcane received ir

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    iv. There are severe water quality

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    Chapter 6 LAST MILE REACH STRATEGIE

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    targeting as a device to improve ef

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    eneficiaries and of delivering prog

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    In the nighbourhood of the poverty

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    inefficiencies. Some of the major c

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    Tamil Nadu is close to achieving un

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    programmes. It is the only Self Emp

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    districts in Tamil Nadu. Namadhu Gr

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    6.5 Reaching Households and Individ

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    proposition more insurable, a group

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    line to post-office saving banks or

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    each the urban poor who live in slu

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    Eleventh Plan (2007) observes: “O

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    i. provide financial assistance for

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    unemployed or underemployed poor by

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    Services Prepare detailed water sup

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    Chapter 7 SUMMARY AND FORMULATION O

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    positive and relatively high. The b

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    3. In terms of composition of BPL p

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    holdings are smaller than 4 hectare

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    There are considerable inter-distri

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    Table 7.1: Adjustment during 2007-0

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    R i =(I a +I max -I i )/(I a +I max

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    line to post-office saving banks or

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    d. Targeting As far as rural areas

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    7.6 Urban Poverty Reduction Strateg

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    Fund, GoTN has created Tamil Nadu I

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    Some initiative by Government of Ta

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    • Addressing urban poverty allevi

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    land. There is need to develop a sc

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    REFERENCES Agarwal, S.P. (2005),

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    Deaton, Angus and Alessandro Tarozz

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    Himmelfarb, G. (1984), The Idea of

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    Report of the Working Group on Urba

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    APPENDIX TABLES Appendix Table 1.1:

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    Appendix Table 1.1 (contd.): Millen

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    Appendix Table 1.2 (a): Poverty Lin

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    Appendix Table 1.3: Poverty Gap Est

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    Appendix Table 1.5: Head Count Rati

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    Appendix Table 1.6 (contd.): Progre

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    Appendix Table 1.8: Women’s Malnu

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    Appendix Table 1.10: Child Mortalit

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    Appendix Table 1.11 (contd.): State

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    Appendix Table1.12 (contd.): Matern

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    Appendix Table 2.3: Decomposition o

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    and Publicity Relief from Natural C

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    Appendix Table 4.3: Demography Rela

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    Appendix Table 4.5: Health Faciliti

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    Sl. No Appendix Table 4.7: Efficien

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    Appendix Table 4.9: Employment unde

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    Appendix Table 5.1: Major and Mediu

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    Appendix Table 7.1: Indices for Dis

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    ANNEXURES 231

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    Monotonicity Sensitivity Axiom Mono

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    component of the poverty line is th

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    Fuchs (1969), while advocating the

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    H = m/n (2) The head count ratio ig

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    Annexure 1.3 UNIFORM RECALL PERIOD

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    ‣ Periyar became Erode; ‣ Tirun

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    Women Receiving 3 Or More ANC Visit

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    In Sivagangai, as per 2001 census,

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    Table 4.3: Block wise Gender Wise G

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    Block Table 4.6: Trained Teachers a

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    Annexure 5.1 ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUE

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    Annexure 6.1 NOTES ON SELECTED CENT

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    10. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalay

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    MSE Working Papers Recent Issues *

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau