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Chapter 4 COPING WITH SPATIAL IMBALANCES There are considerable inter-district differences in Tamil Nadu. With a view to dealing with spatial imbalances, it is important to develop a poverty reduction strategy (PRS) that takes into account imbalances in district level achievements. Further, a state level PRS should be complemented with a district level poverty-reduction strategy that takes into account block level difference in rural areas and also differences in the urban segments. In Tamil Nadu, in about 2/3 rd of the districts, the per capita income is below the per capita income of the state. The Worker Participation Rates are also unevenly distributed across the districts of Tamil Nadu. The low income districts have relatively lower Human Development Index (HDI) values, and income deficiency accounts for a larger weight in explaining the shortfall in HDI from the benchmarks, whereas education and health attainments are spatially better distributed. In this Chapter, we look at inter-district and intra-district deficiencies in selected districts in regard to key determinants of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) including income, poverty education, health and genderrelated indicators. 4.1 District Level Inequalities: Human Development Index Tamil Nadu presently has thirty districts (see Annexure 4.1 for details). These districts differ substantially in terms of their economic activities, educational and health achievements and other indicators reflecting the MDGs. Table 4.1 summarises the relative position of the thirty districts of Tamil Nadu in respect of the four components of the Human Development Index. As far as district level economic activities are concerned, as proxied by the per capita District Gross Domestic Product (PCDGDP), Chennai is the leading district and Villupuram is the poorest district. In terms of purchasing power parity, the real per capita DGDP for Tamil Nadu on an average is estimated to be 3363.11 (PPP$), based on the estimates prepared by the State Planning Commission. With reference to the other three determinants of the Human Development Index, i.e., life expectancy at birth (LEB), literacy rate (LR), and gross enrolment ratio (GER), the spread around the mean values is not as large as in the case of district income. 71

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
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