Sakhavu - May 2012 Issue - Malayalam Monthly - CPI-ML

cpiml.in

Sakhavu - May 2012 Issue - Malayalam Monthly - CPI-ML

kJmhv

amknI

kn]n-sF (-Fw-F¬) apJ-]{Xw sI.F≥.cmaN{μ≥

]pkvXIw 3 e°w 5

2012 sabv

Owned, Printed &

Published by

K. Sivaraman

Kunnambath House

Krishnapuram, Green Park

P.O. Ollukkara,

Thrissur, Kerala - 680 655

Editor

P.J.James

Ph:94471 53507

Editorial Board

P.J.James

T.C.Subrahmanian

P.N.Provint

Manager,

Sagavu,

Manavalan Apartments, Amulya Street

Banarjee Road, Kochi - 682018

Phone : 09447 607290

Fax : 0484 - 2392110

email : cpimlkerala@gmail.com

website : www.cpimlkerala.com

Layout : abraham mathew

Printing :

Cherrys Printers,

LFC Road, Kaloor, Kochi-17

D≈-S°w

Gjy≥ Im¿jnI ktΩ-f-\-Øns‚ {]k‡n 5

]n. sP. Pbnwkv

_n H Sn hncp≤ ka-c-Øns‚

cmjv{Sob {]m[m\yw 10

tamNnX taml-\≥

sXcphpIƒ kac`qanIfmhptºmƒ 15

s{]m^. sI. B¿. Nu[cn

\h DZm-co-I-cWØns‚

c≠p ]Xn-‰m-≠p-Iƒ 20

a‰p- t]-Pp-I-fn¬

tNmtZym-Øcw 18

ÿncw ]w‡n-Iƒ


4

apJ-{]-kwKw

tIcf cmjv{So-b-Øns‚ Po¿Æm-hÿ

aX˛ kap-Zmb ˛ PmXn-kw-L-S-\-I-f-S-°-ap≈ apgph≥

]n¥n-cn-∏≥ i‡nI-tfbpw {]oWn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v

tIm¿∏-td‰v IpØ-I-Iƒ°pw `qam-^n-bm-bv°pw Dulaq-e-[\

i‡nIƒ°pw hnSp-]-Wn-sN-bvXp-h-cp∂

tIm¨{Kkv \bn-°p∂ he-Xp-ap-∂-Wnbpw C°m-cy-

Øn¬ AtX ]mX ]n¥p-S-cp∂ kn ]n sF (Fw)

\bn-°p∂ CS-Xp-ap-∂-Wnbpw tIc-f-Øns‚ cmjv{Sob

˛ kmaqly ˛ kmwkvIm-cnI afi-e-ß-sf-bmsI

apsºm-cn-°epw D≠m-bn-´n-√m-Ø-hn[w Po¿Æn-∏n-®-

Xns‚ {]Xn-^-e-\-ß-fmWv Cu Znh-k-ß-fn¬ {]I-Sam-b-Xv.

hnhn[ PmXn ˛ aX i‡n-Isf ]c-am-h[n Xgp-

In-s°m-≠mWv DΩ≥Nm-≠n°v ]nd-hØv \s√mcp `qcn-

]£w D≠m-°m≥ Ign--sX-n¬ DΩ≥Nm≠n ]n¥p-

S-cp∂ \h-D-Zm-co-I-cW \b-߃s°-Xnsc Hcp

cmjv{Sob hna¿i-\-ap-b-¿-Øm≥ Xøm-dm-Im-Xn-cp∂ kn

]n sF (Fw) \bn-°p∂ F¬ Un F^v BIs´ "sXcs-Sp∏p

N´-ew-L\w'-t]m-ep≈ kmt-XnI {]iv\ß-fn¬

HXp-ßn-b-Xn-s\m∏w aX-ta[m-hn-I-fpsS XnÆ

\nc-ßp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. h¿§\ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ Isømgn-

sXØpS¿∂v kn ]n sF (Fw) \IØp cq£amb

B`y-¥c ]Se ]nW-°-ßfpw AXns‚ `mK-ambn

s\øm-‰n≥Ic Fw F¬ F si¬hcmPv cmPn-h®v bp

Un F^v ]mf-b-Øn-te°p t]mb-Xp-sa√mw ]ndhØv

F¬ Un F^n-\p-≠mb I\Ø Xncn-®-Sn°p Imc-Wam-bn.

bp Un F^n¬ \n∂p hyXy-kvX-ambn Hcp \b-

]-cn-]m-Snbpw apt∂m-´p-h-bv°m-\n-√mØ F¬ Un

F^n\v thm´p sNbvX-Xp-sIm≠v {]tXy-In®v Hcp

{]tbm-P-\hpw Cs√∂ P\-ß-fpsS Xncn-®-dnhpw ]ndhw

Xnc-s-Sp∏p ^e-Øn¬ {]I-S-am-Wv.

]nd-hØv bp Un F^n-\p-≠mb A{]-Xo-£nX

hnPbw tIm¿∏-td-ddp-Iƒ°p ]mZ-tk-h-sN-øp∂

tIm¨{Kkv t\Xr-XzsØ am{X-a√ aX˛ h¿§o-b˛

PmXobi‡nIfpw kap-Zmb {]am-Wn-amcpw AS-ßp∂

F√m On{Z i‡n-Itfbpw Bth-i-`-cn-X-cm-°n-bn-cn-°p-

∂p. apkvfow h¿§ob ta[m-hnIfpw {In-kvXy≥ ]utcmln-Xyhpw

\mb-co-gh {]am-Wn-amcpw ]cky-ambn `c-W-

Ønepw a{¥n-k`m cq]o-I-c-W-Ønepw CS-s]-Sp-∂-Xnte°v

CXp hf¿∂n-cn-°p-∂p. A©mw a{¥n ÿm\sØ-sNm√n

ap…ow-eoKv t\XrXzw tIm¨{K-kns\

apƒap-\-bn¬ \n¿Øn-bXpw \mb¿ {]-am-Wnbpw Cugh

-{]-am-Wnbpw AXn-s\-Xnsc cwK-Øp-h-∂Xpw Ahkcw

apX-em°n amWn-tbbpw a‰pw ap∂n¬ \n¿Øn

kJmhv

2012 sabv

{InkvXy≥ aX-ta-[m-hnXzw Icp-°ƒ \o°n-bXpw km{am-

PyXz BtKm-fo-I-c-W-Øn\p Iogn¬ tIcf cmjv{Sobw

F{X-am{Xw Po¿Wn®p F∂-Xns‚ sXfn-hm-Wv. Itºmf-Øns‚bpw

tIm¿∏-td‰v aqe- -[-\-Øn-s‚bpw IS-∂p-Ib‰tØmsS

Hcn-°¬ ]Øn-sbm-Xp-°n-bn-cp∂ aX˛

PmXn kmaqly hncp≤ i‡n-Iƒ ]q¿Δm-[nIw i‡ntbmsS

cmjv{Sob afi-e-Øn¬ B[n-]Xyw Dd-∏n-°p-

∂-Xns‚ kqN-\-I-fm-Wn-sX-√mw. a{¥n-ÿm-\-ßfpw kwÿm\

`c-Whpw Cu On{Zi‡n-Iƒ°v ASn-b-d-h-bv°p-

∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ D≠m-Ip∂ A¥x-On-{Z-߃°n-S-bnepw

G‰hpw P\-t{Zm-l-I-c-amb tIm¿∏-td‰v A\p-Iqe \b߃

˛ _n H Sn ]≤-Xn-Iƒ, kzm{ib hnZym-`ymk

I®-hSw, s]mXp-hn-X-cW k{º-Zmbw XI¿°¬,

k¿°m¿ `qanbpw h\-`q-anbpw `qam-^n-b°v Xosd-gp-

X¬, XpS-ßn-b-h˛ {ZpX-K-Xn-bn¬ ASn-t®-ev]n-°p-∂-Xn\v

Hcp XS-khpw DΩ≥Nm-≠n-bpsS `mK-Øp-\n∂v D≠m-

Ip-∂n-√m-sb∂v ImWm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. kv{XoIfpw ZfnXv

BZn-hmkn hn`m-K-ß-fp-a-S°w F√m a¿±nX P\-hn-`m-

K-ß-fp-tSbpw taep≈ \m\m-cq-]-Øn-ep≈ IS-∂p-I-b‰w

DΩ≥Nm-≠n- `-c-W-Øn¬ k¿Δ-ko-a-Ifpw AXn-ew-Ln-

®n-cn-°p-∂p.

C{]-Imcw Atß-bddw P\-hn-cp-≤hpw Po¿Æn-®-

Xp-amb `c-W-Øn-eqsS ]nd-h-Øp-\n∂pw DΩ≥Nm≠n

`cWw s\øm-‰n≥I-c-bn-te-s°-Øp-tºmƒ ASn-ÿm\

\ne-]m-Sp-I-fn¬ Hc-`n-{]mb hyXym-k-hp-an-√mØ F¬

Un F^v A©p-h¿jsØ `c-W-Øn-eqsS DΩ≥Nm-

≠n-bpsS k¿°m¿ kzbw \mdn-sbm-gn-bp-tºmƒ `-c-W-

Øn-te°p Ib-dn-bm¬ aXn-sb∂ Xocp-am-\-Øn-emsW∂v

AXns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øns‚ Xs∂ {]kvXm-h-\-

I-fn-eqsS hy‡-am-°nbncn-°p-I-bm-Wv. ANyq-Xm-\-μs\

apJy-a-{¥n-bm-°n-s°m-≠p≈ Hcp `cW-Øn\v kn ]n

sF Fw t\XrXzw X-øm-d-√m-ØXpw AXns‚ sas√t∏m°p

\b-Øn\p Imc-W-ambn Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°-s∏-Sp-

∂p. AXp-sIm≠v Ign \mep-]-Xn-‰m-≠n-te-sd-bmbn

tIcf cmjv{So-b-Øn¬ Bh¿Øn-°-s∏-Sp∂ s]mdm´p

\mS-I-Øn-\p-th≠n 2016 hsc tIc-fo-b¿ ImØn-cn-°-

W-sa-∂mWv kn ]n sF (Fw) Xocp-am-\-sa∂v addm-tc-

°mfpw \∂mbn DΩ≥Nm-≠n°pw Ipm-en-°p-´n°pw

amWn-°p-sa√mw Adn-bmw. Cu Zpc-h-ÿsb adn-I-S-

°m≥ Ign-bp∂ Hcp cmjv{Sob _Z¬ apt∂m-´p-hbv°m≥

hnπh ]ptcm-K-a\ P\m-[n-]Xy i‡n-Iƒ°v

Ign-bm-Øn-S-tØmfw tIcfw t\cn-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂

h¿Ø-am\ Po¿Æ-hÿ XpS-cp-I-bmhpw Nøp-I.


Gjy≥ Im¿jnI ktΩ-f-\-Øns‚ {]k‡n

(kn-]n-sF (-Fw-F¬) P\-d¬ sk{I-´dn

k.-sI.-F≥. cma-N-{μ≥ \S-Ønb DZvLm-S\ {]kw-Kw)

{]nb kJm-°-sf, kplr-Øp-

°-sf,

H∂m-asØ Gjy≥

Im¿jnI ktΩ-f-\-Øn-te°v

\nß-sf-sb-√m-h-scbpw kzmKXw

sNøp-∂-Xn\v kn]n-sF(-Fw-F¬)

tI{μ-°-Ωn-‰n-bpsS t]cn¬ Ahkcw

e`n-®-Xn¬ Rm≥ Fs‚

kt¥mjw {]I-Sn-∏n-°s´.

sFtImdns‚ Gjy≥ tIm≠ns\‚¬

IΩn-‰n-bmWv Cu ktΩf-\w

kwL-Sn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

Fs∂ Cu DØ-c-hm-ZnØw

G¬∏n-®-Xn¬ AJn-te¥y

{Im¥n-Imcn k`, AJne

t\∏mƒ Inkm≥ kwLv, _w•mtZiv

IrjIv kanXn F∂o

kwL-S-\-Iƒ AS-ßp∂ IΩn-‰ntbmSv

Rm≥ \μn ]d-bp-∂p.

c≠mw temI-bp-≤m-\-¥c Ime-

L-´-Øn¬ temI-sØ-√m-bn-S-Øpsa∂

t]mse Xs∂ Gjy-bnse

Im¿jnI cwKØpw h≥am-‰-߃

\S-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. Cu am‰-ßsf

hne-bn-cp-Øm\pw N¿® sNøm-\pap≈

{iaw hnhn[ kwL-S-\-I-fpsSbpw

hy‡n-I-fp-sSbpw `mKØp

\n∂p-ap-≠m-bn. F∂m¬ 1943¬

]ncn®p hnS-s∏´ IΩyq-WnÃv

C‚¿\m-j-W¬ ]p\- w-L-Sn-∏n-

°m≥ kaq¿Ø-amb Hcp

ap≥ssI Bcp-sSbpw `mKØp

\n∂p-≠m-bn-√. AXp sIm≠p

Xs∂ am¿IvknÃv se\n-\nÃv

i‡n-I-fpsS `mKØp \n∂v

kmaq-lnI cmjv{Sob kmº-ØnI

taJ-e-I-fn¬ D≠m-Ip∂ am‰ßsf

Ipdn-®p≈ ]T-\-߃ Hcp

Iq´mb cq]-Øn¬ D≠mIm≥

klm-b-I-amb coXn-bn¬ km¿Δ-tZiob

Xe-Øn¬ Hcp hnπh thZn

Gsd-°m-e-ambn \ne-\n-∂n-cp-∂n-√.

2011 am¿®n¬ sh\n-kz-e-bn¬

sh®p \S∂ km¿Δ-tZ-iob kv{Xo

ktΩ-f-\w, 2012 tabn¬ ayqWn-

®n¬ sh®p \S-°m≥ t]mIp∂

Bt´m-sam-ss_¬ sXmgn-em-fn-IfpsS

km¿Δ-tZ-iob ktΩ-f-\w,

2013¬ Nnen-bn¬ sh®p \S-°m≥

t]mIp∂ km¿Δ-tZ-iob J\nsØm-gn-emfn

ktΩ-f\w XpSßn-bhbv°v

km¿Δ-tZ-iob Xe-Øn¬

ap≥ssI FSp-°m≥ 2010¬ sFkn-

Hm-B¿ cq]o-I-cn-®Xv klm-b-I-ambn.

Cu Fjy≥ Im¿jnI ktΩ-f-

\-Øn\v ap≥ssI D≠m-Ip-∂Xpw

CXns‚ `mK-am-bn-´m-Wv. Gsd-°m-e-

Øn\v tijw CØ-c-samcp ktΩf\w

\S-°p-tºmƒ AXn\v \nch[n

t]mcm-bva-Iƒ It≠-°mw. {]Xn-\n-

[n-Iƒ CØcw hogvN-I-tfmSv £an-

°m\pw Ah ]cn-l-cn-°p-∂-Xn-

\mbn kl-I-cn-°m\pw A`y¿∞n-

°p-∂p. Cu hogvN-Iƒ `mhnbn¬

\Ωƒ ]cn-l-cn-°p∂-Xn-\mbn ]cn-

{i-an-°p-sa∂v kJm-°-tfmSpw

kplr-Øp-°-tfmSpw Rm≥ Dd∏p

Xcp∂p.

Gjy-bnse _lp-`q-cn-]£w

cmPy-ß-fnepw D≈ Im¿jn-I

hyhÿnXnbn¬ `qc-lnX I¿j-Icpw,

Zcn{Z I¿j-Icpw

I¿jIsØmgn-em-fn-Ifpw

]m¿izh¬°-cn-°-s∏´ hn`m-Kßfpw

Dƒs∏-Sp-∂p. Ch-cmWv

bYm¿∞-Øn¬ aÆn¬ ]Wn-sb-Sp-

kJmhv

2012 sabv

°p-∂-h¿. Ch-cpsS \ne-\n¬∏v

Irjn-bn¬ \n∂p≈ hcp-am-\sØ

B{i-bn-®m-Wv. hfsc hnim-ehpw

Ak-¥p-en-Xhp-amb hnI-k-\hpw

Atß-b-‰sØ sshhn-≤y-ßfpw

Cu h≥I-c-bn¬ Ds≠-nepw

_lp-`qcn]£w cmPy-ß-fnepw

hfsc \s√mcp hn`mKw P\-ßfpw

D]-Po-h-\-Øn-\mbn Irjnsb

BWv B{ibn°p∂-Xv. P∏ms\bpw

P\m[n]Xy hnπhw 1949¬

]q¿Øo-I-cn® ssN\-sbbpw Hgn®p

\n¿Øn-bm¬ a‰p Gjy≥ cmPy-ßfn¬

c≠mw temI-bp-≤m-\-¥c

Ime-L-´-Øn¬ km{am-PyXz

sIm≈ sImtfm-Wn-b¬ cq]-ßfn¬

\n∂v ]pØ≥ sImtfm-Wn-b¬

cq]-ß-fnte°v amdnbt∏mƒ

sImtfm-Wn-b¬ B[n-]-Xy-Øn\v

ASn-Ø-d-tb-Inb ^yqU¬, A¿≤

^yqU¬ _‘-ßfpsSbpw ]cnh¿Ø-\-߃°v

hgn-sbm-cp-°-s∏-´p.

lcn-X-hn-π-h-Øn-s‚bpw apI-fn¬

\n∂p≈ `q]-cn-jvI-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw

Iogn¬ ss^\m≥kv aqe[\-

Øns‚bpw Itºmf i‡n-I-fpsSbpw

kmt-Xn-I-hn-Zy-bp-sSbpw

Xpf®p Ib-‰-tØm-sSm∏w apX-emfnØ

`q_-‘-ß-fn¬ hf¿®-bpsS

{]h-W-Xbpw {]Z¿in-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p-

≠v. Im¿jnI taJ-e-bnse km{am-

PyXz sIm≈-bpsS ]pXnb cq]߃°v

tIm¿∏-td‰v i‡n-Ifpw

_lp-cm-jv{S-°p-Ø-I-Ifpw

t\XrXzw \¬In. sFFw-F-^v-˛tem-I-_m-v-˛-tem-I-hym-]m-c-kw-L-

S\ F∂o {Xb-߃ AXn\v ASnÿm-\-ta-In.

Cu cq]߃ A¥m-

5


cmjv{S ss^\m≥kv aqe-[-\-

Øns‚bpw Itºmf i‡n-I-fpsSbpw

Xpf®p Ib-‰-Øn\pw

kmt-Xn-I-hn-Zy-bpsS apt∂-‰-

Øn\pw hgn-sbm-cp-°n. km{am-PyXz

Itºm-f-hy-h-ÿnXnbpsS A\p-_-

‘-ambn CXv amdn. `qan C√m-

Xmhp∂ Ah-ÿbpw Im¿jnI

hyh-ÿn-Xn-bpsS ]m∏-c-Øhpw

6

\h DZm-co-I-cW BtKm-fo-I-cWØns‚bpw

X¬^-e-am-bn-´p≈ km{am-PyXz \b-ß-fp-sSbpw

Iogn¬ Cd-°p-a-Xnbv°v _Z-embn B`y-¥c D¬∏m-

Z\w h¿≤n-∏n-°pI F∂-Xn\v ]Icw Ib-‰p-aXn

t{]m’mln-∏n°pI F∂ \b-Øns‚ `mK-ambn

`£y-hnf-Iƒ°v ]Icw \mWy-hn-f-Iƒ IqSp-X-embn

Irjn sNø-s∏-Sm≥ XpS-ßn. a\p-jy-cpsS ASnÿm\

Bh-iy-ß-fn-sem-∂mb `£Ww Hcp Nc-

°mbn Npcp-ßn. CXns‚ ^e-ambn `£y-kp-c-

£bpw Im¿jnI sXmgn¬ hyh-ÿbpw A]-I-S-

Øn-em-bn.

i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw Im¿jnI

taJ-e-bnse sshcp-≤y-߃

]pXnb cq]-Øn¬ aq¿On-°p-Ibpw

sNbvXp.

\h DZm-co-I-cW BtKm-fo-IcWØns‚bpw

X¬^-e-am-bn-´p≈

km{am-PyXz \b-ß-fp-sSbpw

Iogn¬ Cd-°p-a-Xnbv°v _Z-embn

B`y-¥c D¬∏m-Z\w h¿≤n-∏n-°pI

F∂-Xn\v ]Icw Ib-‰p-aXn

t{]m’mln-∏n°pI F∂ \b-

Øns‚ `mK-ambn `£y-hnf-Iƒ°v

]Icw \mWy-hn-f-Iƒ IqSp-X-embn

Irjn sNø-s∏-Sm≥ XpS-ßn. a\pjy-cpsS

ASn-ÿm\ Bh-iy-ß-fnsem-∂mb

`£Ww Hcp Nc-°mbn

Npcp-ßn. CXns‚ ^e-ambn `£ykp-c-£bpw

Im¿jnI sXmgn¬

hyh-ÿbpw A]-I-S-Øn-em-bn.

Irjn-bpsS tIm¿∏-td‰vh¬°-c-WtØm-sSm∏w

[mXp-e-h-W-߃

sIm≈-b-Sn-°m≥ th≠n

h≥tXmXn¬ `qan ]nSn-s®-Sp-°p-

Ibpw skkv t]mep≈ \h DZm-co-

I-cW hnI-k\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ°mbn

Zie-£-°-W-°n\v I¿j-I-scbpw

BZn-hm-kn-I-sfbpw Xt±-i-hm-kn-Isfbpw

IpSn-sbm-gn-∏n-°p-Ibpw

D≠m-bn. CXns‚ ^e-ambn Cu

hn`m-K-߃°v ISpØ ZpcnXw

A\p-`-hn-t°≠n hcp-∂p. ]mcn-ÿn-

Xn-I-amb {]Xn-k-‘n-Iƒ CXns‚

as‰mcp ]cn-WnX ^eamWv. `qan

h≥[-\n-I-cp-sSbpw `qa-^n-bm-I-fp-

sSbpw ssII-fn-te°v tI{μo-I-cn-

°-s∏´p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p. CXn\v

klm-b-I-ambn k¿°m¿ \ne-hnep≈

`q]-cn[n \nb-a-߃ t]mepw

d±m-°p-∂p. Irjn-sb-∂Xv

ss^\m≥kv aqe[\-Øn-s‚bpw

Itºmf i‡n-I-fp-sSbpw ]nSn-bn-ea¿∂n-cn-°p-∂p.

AXn-t\m-sSm∏w

A{Kn-_n-kn-\ v ÿm]-\-ß-fpsS

tIm¨{SmIv‰v ^manßv A`n-hr-≤ns∏´p

sIm≠n-cn-°-bmWv. \nc-h[n

B{^n-°≥ cmPy-ß-fn¬ ssN\,

C¥y XpS-ßnb cmPy-ß-fn¬

\n∂p≈ _lp-cmjv{S°pØIIfpw

tIm¿∏td-‰p-

Ifpw Zi-e-£-°-W-°n\v slIvS¿

Irjn`qan \mWy-hnf Irjnbv°mbn

Gs‰-Sp-Øn-cn-°-bm-Wv.

CXns‚ `mK-ambn Zi-e-£-°-W-

°n\v IpSpw-_-߃ Zpcn-X-Ønte°v

X≈n-hn-S-s∏-´p. CXv ]pØ≥

sImtfm-Wn-b-en-k-Øns‚ G‰hpw

{]mIr-X-amb cq]-ß-fn-sem-∂m-Wv.

Im¿jnI D¬∏-∂-ß-fp-sSbpw

hnØp-I-fp-sSbpw hf-ß-fp-sSbpw

kJmhv

2012 sabv

hne-Ifpw Ib-‰p-a-Xn-˛-C-d-°p-aXn

\b-ßfpsSbpw ta¬ _lp-cm-j-{S-

°p-Ø-I-I-fpw Itºm-fhpw sNep-

Øp∂ ta¬ss° I¿j-I-hn-`m-K߃°v

`oj-Wn-bm-Wv. temI-_m-

ns‚ imk-\-Iƒ°v hnt[-b-amb

Im¿jnI \b-ß-tfm-sSm∏w

I¿jI hncp≤ hnØp-Ifpw hfßfpw

Du¿P-˛-hmbv]m \b-ßfpw

t]‰‚ v Ah-Im-i-ßfpw AS-ßp∂

temI-hym-]mc kwL-S-\-bpsS \nba-ßfpw

I¿j-I hn`m-K-ß-fpsS

ta¬ B{I-aWw

\SØpIbmWp≠mb-Xv. k¿°m¿

Cf-hp-Iƒ sh´n-°p-d-bv°p-Ibpw

s]mXp-ta-Jem kzØp-°ƒ \h

DZm-co-I-c-W-Øn≥ Iogn¬ X´n-sb-

Sp°pIbpw sNøp-∂Xv \h DZm-co-

I-cW B[n-]-Xy-Øn≥ Iogn¬

Im¿jnI taJ-e-bpsS hn\m-i-

Øn\v Imc-W-am-hp-I-bm-Wv. CXv

C¥y t]mse-bp≈ cmPy-ß-fnse

I¿j-I-cpsS Bfl-l-Xybv°v hgn

sXfn-®p.

Cu ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ Cu

cmPy-ß-fnse Im¿jnI taJ-e-bnep≈

h¿§ hn`P\-߃ h≥am‰ßƒ°v

hnt[-b-am-bn. ]gb

^yqU¬ `qhp-S-a-Iƒ°v ]Icw

[\nI I¿j-Icpw I¿jI _q¿jmknbpw

\ne-hn¬ h∂p. ^yqU¬

Ah-in-jvS-߃ _m°n \n∂p.

hyh-kmb _q¿jzm-knsb t]mse

Xs∂ Chcpw sFFw-F-^v-˛-tem-I-

_m-v-˛-temI hym]m-c-kw-L-S\

{Xb-ßfpsS imk-\-Iƒ°v hnt[b-am-bn-´mWv

{]h¿Øn-°p-∂-Xv.

F∂m¬ tImSn-°-W-°n\v hcp∂

`qc-ln-X, Zcn-{Z-I¿j-Icpw I¿j-IsØm-gn-em-fn-Ifpw

hfsc henb

I¿j-hn-`m-K-amWv krjvSn-®n-cn-°p-

∂-Xv. Hmtcm cmPy-sØbpw {]tZ-isØbpw

kaq¿Ø kml-N-cy߃°-\p-k-cn®v

Xøm-dm-°nb Hcp

hnπ-h-Im¿jnI ]cn-]m-Snsb ASnÿm-\-s∏-SpØn

Cu hn`m-KsØ

AWn-\n-c-Øn-s°m≠p am{Xta

kmaq-ly-am‰w km≤y-am-hp-I-bp≈q.

tImf-\n-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚

ImeØv IΩyq-WnÃv C‚¿\m-j-Wens‚

\n¿t±-i-Øn≥ Iogn¬ IΩyq-

WnÃv ]m¿´n-Iƒ km{am-PyXz hncp-


≤, ^yqU¬ hncp≤ ka-c-߃ \S-

Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°-bm-bn-cp∂p. P\-

Iob P\m-[n-]Xy hnπ-h-Øns‚

apJy LS-I-ambn Im¿jnI hnπhsØ

At∏mƒ AwKo-I-cn-®n-cp-

∂p. Cu sse\ns\ Hmtcm cmPyß-fnepw

kaq¿Ø-ambn {]tbm-Kn-

°pI hgn ssN\, DØc sImdn-b,

Ct¥m-˛-ssN-\okv cmPy-߃

F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ P\m-[n-]Xy hnπh-ßsf

AYhm tZiob hntam-N\

{]t£m-`-ßsf hnP-b-Øn-te°v

\bn-°m≥ Ign-p. C¥ybpw

Ct¥m-t\-jybpw t]mep≈ \nch[n

cmPy-ß-fn¬ Icp-Ø-cmb

IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-Iƒ ^yqU¬

hncp≤ ka-c-߃ \S-Øn-s°m-≠ncn-°-bm-bncp∂p.

1950-I-fn¬ temI-

Øns‚ aq∂n-sem∂p `mKw P\߃

tkmjy-enÃv cmPy-ß-fn-em-bn-

°-gn-n-cp-∂p. IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´nbpsS

t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ tZiob

{]ÿm-\-߃ apt∂‰w \S-Øns°m-≠n-cn-°-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

\nc-h[n

cmPy-ß-fn¬ IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-

Iƒ P\-Iob ka-c-߃ \bn-°-bmbn-cp-∂p.

Ata-cn-°-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-

Øn-ep≈ km{am-Py-Xz-Øn\v Cu

apt∂-‰-ßsf Hcp hiØv A`n-ap-

Jo-I-cn-t°≠n h∂-t∏mƒ adp-hiØv

AXns‚ Xs∂ Nm{In-I-ßfmb

{]Xn-k-‘n-Isf A`n-ap-Jo-Icn-t°≠n

h∂p. CXns\ XpS¿∂v

c≠mw temI-bp-≤-Øn\v tijw

aqe-[-\-˛-I-tºmf i‡n-I-sfbpw

]pXnb kmt-Xn-I-hnZym apt∂-‰ß-sfbpwD]tbmK-s∏-Sp-Øns°m≠v

Ata-cn-°-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-

Øn-ep≈ km{am-PyXz tNcn

AXns‚ sImtfm-Wn-b¬ \b-ßsf

]pØ≥ sImtfm-Wn-b¬ \bß-fn-te°v

]cn-h¿Øn-∏n-°m-\m-cw-`n-

®p. ssN\-bn¬ \S-∂Xp t]mep≈

Nph-∏≥ hnπ-h-ßsf Hgn-hm-°m≥

A]tIm-f-\o-I-cWw \S-∏m-°p-

Ibpw A[n-Imcw Z√mƒ h¿§ßƒ°v

ssIam-dp-Ibpw sNbvXp.

aqe-[-\-˛-I-tºmf i‡n-I-fpsS

Xpf®p Ib‰w km≤y-am-Ip-∂-Xn-

\mbn apI-fn¬ \n∂p≈ Im¿jn-I-

]-cn-jvIm-c-ßfpw lcn-X-hn-π-hhpw

t]mep≈ \b-߃ Bcw-`n-®p. Cu

\b-ß-fn-eqsS sImtfm-Wn-b¬,

A¿≤ sImtfm-Wn-b¬ B{in-X-Xz-

Øn≥ Iogn-ep≈ cmPy-߃

]pØ≥ sImtfm-Wn-b¬ B{in-X-

Xz-Øn≥ Iogn-te-°m-bn.

D¬∏m-Z\ hyh-ÿsb (mode of

production) Ipdn®v 1960-I-fn¬

D≠mb kwhmZw ]n¬°m-e-Øp-

≠m-bn-√. CØcw am‰-ßsf hni-Ie\w

sNøp-∂-Xn¬ IΩyq-WnÃv

]m¿´n-Iƒ°pw CSXp hnim-e-hn-`m-

K-߃°p-an-S-bn¬ \ne-\n¬°p∂

Bi-b-°p-g-∏-ß-sfbpw ISpØ

A`n-{]mb `n∂-X-I-sfbpw CXv

{]Xn-^-en-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v. Cu {]h-W-

X-I-fn¬ BZy-tØXv CØcw cmPy߃

ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-ambn

apXemfnØ khnti-j-I-fp≈

cmPy-ß-fmbn amdn-°-gnp F∂p

Icp-Xp-∂-h-cm-Wv. AXns‚ ^eambn

cmPyØv XpS-cp∂ km{am-

PyXz ta[m-hn-Ø-Øn-s\-Xnsc

t]mcm´w XpS-cp∂-Xn\pw Im¿jnI

hnπ-h-Øn\pw AXv {]m[m\yw

\¬In-°m-Wp-∂n-√. {KmaoW

sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§-Øn\v am{Xta

AXv ]cn-]m-Sn-I-fn¬ ap≥Xq°w

sImSp-°p-∂p-≈q. Ch¿ sXmgn-em-fnh¿§-Øns‚

`mK-ambn hymJym-\n-

°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw Iqen-°m-bp≈ ka-cß-fn¬

kwL-Sn-∏n-°-s∏SpIbpw

sNbvXp. c≠m-asØ {]h-WX,

Im¿jnI taJ-e-bn¬ Imcy-amb

am‰-߃ \S∂n-´n√ F∂v hne-bn-cp-

Øp-∂-h-cm-Wv. Im¿jnI _‘-ßfn¬

KpW-]-c-amb am‰-߃ h∂n-

kJmhv

2012 sabv

´p≠v F∂ hmZ-ßsf AXv X≈n-

°-f-bp-∂p. ]q¿Δ ssN\okv Ahÿbpw

^yqU¬ _‘-ßfpw

Ct∏mgpw C¥y-bS°-ap≈ cmPyßfn¬

ta[mhnØw ]pe¿Øp-∂psh∂

hni-I-e-\-amWv CXv

Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn-°p-∂-Xv. ^yqU-enkhpw

hnime P\-hn-`m-K-ßfpw

XΩn-ep≈ sshcp-≤y-amWv apJy

c≠mw temI-bp-≤-Øn\v tijw aqe-[-\-˛-I-tºmf

i‡n-I-sfbpw ]pXnb kmt-Xn-I-hnZym apt∂-‰ß-sfbpw

D]tbmK-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m≠v Ata-cn-°bpsS

t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ km{am-PyXz tNcn

AXns‚ sImtfm-Wn-b¬ \b-ß-sf ]pØ≥

sImtfm-Wn-b¬ \b-ß-fn-te°v ]cn-h¿Øn-∏n-°m-

\m-cw-`n-®p. ssN\-bn¬ \S-∂Xp t]mep≈ Nph-

∏≥ hnπ-h-ßsf Hgn-hm-°m≥ A]tIm-f-\o-I-cWw

\S-∏m-°p-Ibpw A[n-Imcw Z√mƒ h¿§-߃°v

ssIam-dp-Ibpw sNbvXp.

sshcp-≤y-sa∂v Chbn¬ NneXv

hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂p. aq∂m-asØ {]h-

WX \ne-hn-ep≈ am‰-߃°v

km{am-Py-Xz-Øns‚ Xpf®p Ib‰w

Imcy-amb ]p hln-®n-´n√ F∂

\ne-]m-Sp-≈-Xm-Wv. Xß-fpsS ]cn-

]m-Sn-Iƒ km{am-PyXz BtKm-fo-IcW

\b-ß-fp-ambn hn´p hogvNbv°v

Xøm-dm-hp-∂p-≠v. I¿jI {]iv\w

h¿Ø-am\ kao-]-\-ß-fn¬ {][m\am-sW∂

\ne-]mSv X߃

ssIs°m-≈p∂ ]m¿e-sa‚dn

]mXbn¬ C√. \mem-asØ {]h-

WX c≠mw temI-bp-≤-Øn\p

tijw aqe-[-\-˛-I-tºmf i‡n-I-fpsSbpw

kmt-XnI hnZy-bp-sSbpw

am‰-Øn-\-\p-k-cn®v km{am-Py-Xzs°m≈

sImtfm-Wn-b¬ cq]-Øn¬

\n∂v ]pØ≥ sImtfm-Wn-b¬ cq]-

Øn-te°v amdn-b-Xns‚bpw AXnt\m-sSm∏w

Im¿jnI taJ-e-bn-ep-

≠mb am‰-ß-fp-sSbpw {]m[m\yw

Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂p. Nne -ImgvN∏m-

SpIfpambn _‘-s∏´v \nc-h[n

{]h-W-X-Ifpw D] {]h-W-X-Ifpw

7


D≠m-tb-°mw. Cu {]h-W-X-I-fpsS

hni-I-e-\-ß-tfm-sSm∏w C∂sØ

kaq¿Ø kml-N-cy-ß-sf ASnÿm-\-s∏-SpØp∂Xvta¬∏-d--hbn¬

GXp {]h-W-X-bmWvv F∂dnbp-∂-Xn\v

th≠n P\-Iob IΩyq-

Wp-Iƒ ]ncn®p hn´-Xn\v tijw

ssN\-bnse Im¿jnI taJ-e-bn¬

F¥mWv kw`-hn-®-sX∂pw P∏m≥,

DØc sImdn-b, hnb‰v\mw,

emthmkv XpS-ßnb cmPy-ß-fnse

Im¿jnI taJ-e-I-fpsS kz`m-h-sa-

¥m-sW∂pw hni-I-e\w

sNtø≠Xv hfsc {][m-\-am-Wv.

tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b≥ BZy-\m-fp-Ifn¬

\S-Ønb apt∂-‰-ßsf Ipdn-

®p≈ hne-bn-cp-Ø-ens\ Ipdn-®p≈

hni-I-e-\-ßfpw Cu cmPy-ß-fnse

Im¿jn-Im-h-ÿsb Ipdn®p≈

hni-I-e-\-ßfpw D¬∏m-Z\

coXnsb Ipdn-®p≈ kwhm-Z-߃

hnI-kn-∏n-°m≥ klm-bn-°pw.

h¿Øam\ L´-Øn¬ Im¿jn-I-ta-

J-e-I-fn¬ h¿§ kacØn-t\m-Sp≈

kao-]\w hnI-kn-∏n°p∂-Xn\pw

CXv klm-b-I-am-Ipw. Hmtcm cmPysØbpw

kaq¿Ø kml-N-cy߃°\p-k-cn®pw

h¿Ø-am\

km¿Δ-tZ-iob kml-N-cy-ß-fpsS

8

hnin-jvS-X-Isf ASn-ÿm-\-s∏-Sp-

Ønbpw Hcp icn-bmb Im¿jnI

]cn-]mSn hnI-kn-∏n-°m-\mWv

km{am-PyXz ]mX-bn¬ \n∂v

tkmjy-enÃv ]mX-bn-te°p≈ am‰-

Øn-\mbn {ian-°p∂ GsXmcp

hnπh ]m¿´nbpw Blzm\w sNøp-

∂-Xv. CXv t\Sn-sb-Sp-°p-∂-Xn\v

th≠n hnhn[ Nn¥m-K-Xn-Iƒ Hcp

Hmtcm cmPy-sØbpw kaq¿Ø kml-N-cy߃°\p-k-cn®pw

h¿Ø-am\ km¿Δ-tZ-iob

kml-N-cy-ß-fpsS hnin-jvS-X-Isf ASn-ÿm-\-s∏-

Sp-Ønbpw Hcp icn-bmb Im¿jnI ]cn-]mSn hnIkn-∏n-°m-\mWv

km{am-PyXz ]mX-bn¬ \n∂v

tkmjy-enÃv ]mX-bn-te°p≈ am‰-Øn-\mbn {ian-

°p∂ GsXmcp hnπh ]m¿´nbpw Blzm\w sNøp-

∂-Xv. CXv t\Sn-sb-Sp-°p-∂-Xn\v th≠n hnhn[

Nn¥m-K-Xn-Iƒ Hcp thZn-bn¬ Xs∂ h¿Ø-am\

kaq¿Ø kml-N-cy-ßsf Ipdn®pw \ne-hn-ep≈

Im¿jnI _‘-ßfpsS kz`mhsØ Ipdn®pw

Hmtcm cmPyØpw apt∂m´p sh®n-´p≈ Im¿jnI

]cn-]m-Snsb Ipdn®pw kwhmZw \S-tØ≠Xp≠v.

thZn-bn¬ Xs∂ h¿Ø-am\

kaq¿Ø kml-N-cy-ßsf Ipdn®pw

\ne-hn-ep≈ Im¿jnI _‘ßfpsS

kz`mhsØ Ipdn®pw

Hmtcm cmPyØpw apt∂m´p sh®n-

´p≈ Im¿jnI ]cn-]m-Snsb

Ipdn®pw kwhmZw \StØ≠Xp≠v.

CXn-\mbn hnhn[

I¿jI kwL-S-\-bnse {]Xn-\n-[n-

Iƒ, Im¿jnI imkv{X-⁄-∑m¿,

kmº-ØnI imkv{X-⁄¿,

Gjy≥ cmPy-ß-fnse am¿IvknÃv

]WvUn-X-∑m¿ F∂n-h-cpƒs∏-Sp∂

Hcp hnime kwhmZw \S-tØ-≠-Xp-

≠v. hnhn[ ImgvN-∏m-Sp-I-fp-≈-h¿

Xß-fp-tS-Xmb ]T-\-ßfpw hni-Ie-\-ßfpw

s]mXp-th-Zn-bn¬ Ah-Xcn∏n°p∂Xv

Hmtcm hn`m-K߃°pw

Xß-fpsS \ne-]m-Sp-Isf

IqSp-X¬ sa®-s∏SpØp∂Xn\v

kJmhv

2012 sabv

D]Icn°pw. Gjy≥ Im¿jnI

tIm¨^-d≥kv IqSp-∂-Xn\v th≠n

ap≥ssI FSp-ØXv Cu kml-N-cy-

Øn¬ \n∂v t\m°n-°m-tW-≠-Xp-

≠v. Cu ktΩ-f-\-Øn-¬ hfsc

Ipd®p cmPy-ß-fpsS ]m-fnØw

am{Xta Ct∏mƒ D≈q. C¥ysb

t]mep≈ cmPy-ß-fn¬ \ap°v

F√m {]h-W-X-I-sfbpw H∂n®p

sIm≠p hcm\pw Ignn´n√.

F∂mepw Cu ktΩ-f\w CØ-c-

Øn-ep≈ BZy Nph-Sp-sh-bv∏msW∂

\ne-bnepw XpS¿∂n\n \S-

°m≥ t]mIp∂ N¿®-bpsS

t]cnepw C°mcyw AXoh {]m[m-

\y-a¿ln-°p-∂p≠v

I¨ho-\nßv IΩn‰n Gsd ]cn-

{i-an-s®-nepw hnhn[ I¿jI

kwL-S-\-I-fnepw Im¿jnI kmº-

ØnI hnZ-Kv≤-cnepw Im¿jnI

imkv{X-⁄-cnepw am¿IvknÃv

]WvUn-X-cnepw \n∂v hfsc Ipd®v

kao-]\ tcJ-Iƒ am{Xta e`n-®p-

≈q. Cu tcJ-Isf Ipdn-®p≈

N¿®-I-fm-bmepw AXv ta¬∏-d

coXn-bn-ep≈ A`n-{]m-b-`n-∂-X-Iƒ

Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ ]cym-]vX-amth-≠-

Xm-Wv. Cu N¿®sb ASn-ÿm-\s∏SpØn

c≠mw temI-bp≤m\-¥c

Zi-I-ß-fn¬ Im¿jnI taJ-e-bn-ep-

≠mb ]cn-h¿Ø-\-ßsf Ipdn®pw

Ah-bpsS kz`mhsØ Ipdn®pw

AXns‚ h¿Ø-am\ h¿§ \ne-]m-

Sp-Isf Ipdn®pw D≈ hni-I-e-\-ßfn-te°v

IS-°m≥ \ap°v Ign-bpw.

AhnsS \n∂v Im¿jnI taJ-ebn¬

km{am-PyXz \b-ßfpw ]cnÿnXn

hyXn-bm-\-ßfpw F{Xam{Xw

kzm[o\w sNep-Øp-∂psh∂Xn-te°v

\ap°v FØn-t®-cmhp-∂-Xm-Wv.

\S-∏m-°m-\p-t±-in-

°p∂ Im¿jnI hnπ-htØmSpw

AXns‚ s]mXp khn-ti-j-X-ItfmSpw

`qX-Ime hni-I-e-\-ß-sf

Ipdn-®p≈ A`n-{]mb `n∂-X-ItfmSp≈

kao-]\w hni-I-e\w

sNøm-\p≈ kml-Ncyw Cu N¿®-

Iƒ krjvSn-°pw.

hnπ-h-X{¥w hnI-kn-∏n-°p-∂-

Xn\pw tkmjy-enÃv ]cn-h¿Ø\w

km£m-Xv°-cn-°p-∂-Xn\pw

kaq¿Ø kml-N-cy-ß-fpsS


kaq¿Ø hni-I-e-\-amWv am¿Ivkv

Blzm\w sNøp-∂-Xv. h¿Ø-am\

kml-N-cysØ hni-I-e\w sNøp-

∂-Xn¬ hnhn[ hn`m-K-߃

hyXykvX A`n-{]mbw ]d-bp-∂ps≠-nepw

D¬∏m-Z-\-Øns‚

kmaqlnI-h¬°-c-Whpw

kzØns‚ kzImcy-h¬°-c-Whpw

XΩn-ep≈ sshcp≤yw Zn\w

tXmdpw i‡n-s∏-Sp-I-bm-sW∂

Imcy-Øn¬ A`n{]mb hyXym-k-ap-

≠m-hn-√. km{am-PyXz BtKm-fo-I-c-

W-Øn≥ Iogn¬ D¬∏mZ\-Øns‚

km¿Δ-tZ-iobh¬°-c-W

{]{InbbpsS im‡o-I-c-Whpw \h

DZm-co-I-cW \b-ßfpw Cu sshcp-

≤ysØ IqSp-X¬ aq¿On-∏n-®p. 1950-

I-fn¬ D∂X ÿm\w hln-®n-cp∂

km¿Δ-tZ-iob IΩyq-WnÃv

{]ÿm\w Ign 5 Zim-

_vZßfn¬ I\Ø Xncn-®-Snsb

A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-®p. F∂m¬ Ct∏mƒ

km{am-Py-Xzhpw AXns‚ Iq´mfn-

Ifpw I\Ø {]Xn-k-‘n-Isf

A`n-ap-Jo-Icn°p-Ibpw AXp

i‡n-s∏-Sp-Ibpw AtX kabw

Xs∂ \nc-h[n cmPy-ß-fn¬ P\-

Iob Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂¬∏p-Iƒ Icp-

Øm¿Pn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXpsIm≠ncn-°-bm-Wv.

hnπ-h-ap-t∂-‰-߃°v

A\p-Iq-e-amb kml-Ncyw Hcn-°¬

IqSn sXfnp hcn-I-bm-Wv. Xncn-

®-Sn-Iƒ°v ImcW-amb ssk≤m-

¥n-Ihpw {]mtbm-Kn-Ihpw Bb

kao-]-\-ß-fn-ep≈ Zu¿∫-ey-ßsf

Xncp-Øp-∂-Xn\mbn Ct∏mƒ Dcp-

Øn-cnp h∂n-cn°p∂ kml-

Ncyw Bh-iy-s∏-Sp∂p≠v. Cu

kml-N-cy-Øn¬ h¿Ø-am\

ImeØv Hmtcm cmPy-ß-fnsebpw

Im¿jnI taJ-e-bnse kaq¿Ø

kml-Ncyw hni-I-e\w sNøp∂

ZuXyhpw AXn-\-\p-k-cn®v

Im¿jnI hnπhØns‚ ]mX hnIkn-∏n-°p-∂Xpw

hfsctbsd {][m-

\y-a¿ln-°p∂ Imcy-am-Wv.

HIvtSm-_¿ hnπhw \S-°p-∂-

Xn\v ap≥]p≈ Ime-b-fhn¬

km¿ΔtZiob IΩyq-WnÃv

{]ÿm\-Øn\v tkmjy-enÃv

\n¿ΩmWsØ Ipdn®v ap≥ A\p-`h-ß-sfm∂pw

C√mXncp-∂-t∏m-ƒ

Im¿jnI hnπ-h-Øns‚ {]iv\-

tØm-sS-Sp-Ø kao-]-\hpw

ap≥tkmjy-enÃv cmPy-ß-fn¬

\n∂v KpWmflIhpw \ntj-[-m-fl-Ihp-am-b

]mT-ßfpƒs°m≈p∂

C∂sØ kml-N-cy-Øn¬

ssIs°m-≈p∂ kao-]-\hpw

XΩn¬ KpW-]-c-ambn hyXy-k-ap-

≠v. tkmjy-enÃv As√-n¬ P\m-

[n-]Xy hnπ-h-߃ \S-°mØ

cmPy-ß-fn¬ IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-

Iƒ h¿Ø-am\ kml-N-cysØ

Ipdn®v kaq¿Ø hni-I-e\w \S-

Øp-Ibpw Im¿jnI hnπ-h-tØmSv

Hcp kao-]\w D≠m-°n-sb-Sp-°p-

Ibpw thWw. CXn-t\m-sSm∏w ap≥

tkmjy-enÃv cmPy-ß-fptS-Xn¬

\n∂v KpW-]-chpw tZmj-]-c-hp-amb

]mT-߃ ]Tn-°p-Ibpw tkmhn-b‰v

bqWn-b-\nse Iq´pIrjn-bpsS

A\p-`-h-ßfpw ssN\-bnse P\-

Iob IΩyq-WpIfpw a‰pw

kaq¿Ø-ambn hni-I-e\w sNøp-

Ibpw sNbvXp sIm≠v P\m-[n-]-

Xym-\-¥c Im¿jnI hnπ-h-Øns\

Ipdn®v Ah¿ Hcp ImgvN-∏m-Sp-≠mt°-≠-Xp-≠v.

hnπhw \S-°p-Ibpw

tkmjy-enÃv ]cn-h¿Ø-\-Øn-eqsS

IS∂p t]mIp-Ibpw ]n∂oSv

apXem-fnØ ]p\-ÿm-]\w \S-°p-

Ibpw sNbvX cmPy-ß-fn¬ Hcn-

°¬ IqSn sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§ k¿Δm-

[n-]Xyw ÿm]n-°p∂ t]mcm-´-

Øns‚ `mK-ambn apºv tkmjyenÃv

]cnh¿Ø\-Øns‚ `mK-ambn

\S-∏m-°nb Im¿jnI taJ-e-bnepw

kJmhv

2012 sabv

a‰pw \S-Ønb ]cn-h¿Ø-\-ß-fnepw

\S-∏m-°n-b-Xnepw D≠mb sX‰p-

Iƒ Xncp-Øp-Ibpw sNøm≥ Ah¿

Xøm-dmhWw. aq∂p Znh-ksØ

skan-\m-dn¬ \ap°o hnj-b-ßsf√mw

]cn-tim-[n-°m≥ Ignbn-√.

AtX kabw Cu Znh-k-ß-fn¬

\ap°v CØcw Imcy-ßsf Ipdn-®pff

N¿®-Iƒ XpSßn shbv°m≥

HIvtSm-_¿ hnπhw \S-°p-∂-Xn\v ap≥]p≈ Imeb-fhn¬

km¿ΔtZiob IΩyq-WnÃv {]ÿm\-Øn\v

tkmjy-enÃv \n¿ΩmWsØ Ipdn®v ap≥ A\p-`-hß-sfm∂pw

C√mXncp-∂-t∏m-ƒ Im¿jnI hnπ-h-

Øns‚ {]iv\-tØm-sS-Sp-Ø kao-]-\hpw

ap≥tkmjy-enÃv cmPy-ß-fn¬ \n∂v KpWmflIhpw

\ntj-[-m-fl-I-hp-am-b ]mT-ßfpƒs°m≈p∂

C∂sØ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ ssIs°m-≈p∂ kao-

]-\hpw XΩn¬ KpW-]-c-ambn hyXy-k-ap-≠v.

Ign-bpw. Im¿jnI taJ-e-bn¬ \S-

∏m-°p∂ apX-em-fnØ hnI-k\

]mXbv°v tkmjy-enÃv _Z¬

ÿm]n-°p∂Xn\p≈ ASnÿm\-]c-amb

{]iv\-߃ N¿® sNøm≥

`mhn ktΩ-f-\-ßsf CXv klmbn°pw.

Cu ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ \S-°p∂

N¿®-Iƒ `mhn-bnepw XpS¿∂p

apt∂m´p t]mIp-sa∂v Rm≥

{]Xym-in-°p∂p. hnhn[ cmPy-ß-fnep≈

h¿Ø-am\ kml-N-cy-߃

hni-I-e\w sNøp∂ Xc-Øn-ep≈

Hcp hnπh ]mX apt∂m´p

t]mIm≥ th≠n Xøm-sdSp-°m\pw

Cu ktΩ-f\w klm-b-I-am-Ipw.

apXemfn-Ø-˛-km{amPyXz ]mXbv°v

_Z-embn tkmjy-enÃv ]mX hnIkn-∏n-°p-∂-Xns‚

`mK-ambn

Im¿jnI hnπhw BhnjvI-cn-

°m\pw Cu ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ \S-

°m≥ t]mIp∂ N¿®-Iƒ hgn-Im-

´n-bm-hpw. C{Xbpw ]dp sIm≠v

Rm≥ Cu ktΩ-f\w D¬Lm-S\w

sNøp∂p. -

9


10

]n. sP. Pbnwkv

2011 s^{_p-hcn 19 apX¬

Xriq¿ Pn√-bn¬ aÆpØn ˛ CS-

∏≈n tZiob ]mX-bn-ep≈ ]men-tb-

°-c-bn¬ _n H Sn s°Xnsc \S-

∂p-h-cp∂ kacw tIc-f-Ønepw

cmPyØpw Gsd {i≤n-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v.

tdmUp-Iƒ AS-°-ap≈ cmPysØ

ASn-ÿm\ LS\m kuI-cy-ß-fpsS

\n¿Ωm-Whpw \S-Øn∏pw \h DZmco-I-c-W-Im-eØv

tIm¿∏-td‰v sIm≈bpsS

G‰hpw {][m-\-s∏´ taJ-e-Ifn-sem-∂mbn

amdn-°gn-n-´p-≈Xv

Xncn-®-dn-bm≥ Cu kacw P\-ßsf

IqSp-X¬ {]m]vX-cm-°n-bn-´p-≠v.

_n H Sn hncp≤ ka-c-Øns‚

cmjv{Sob {]m[m\yw

F∂m¬ Cu \b-Øn¬\n∂pw Hcn-

©p-t]mepw ]pd-tIm-´p-t]m-In-s√∂p

am{X-a√ cmPysØ XpS¿∂p≈

tdmUp-\n¿ΩmWw _n H Sn ASnÿm-\-Øn-em-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v

tI{μ ˛

kwÿm\ k¿°m-cp-Iƒ _P-‰n-eqsSbpw

\b-{]-Jym-]-\-Øn-eq-sSbpw

a‰pw {]Jym-]n-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. \h

DZm-co-I-c-W-Im-esØ tdmUp-

\n¿ΩmWw _n H Sn ASn-ÿm-\-Ønem-bn-cn-°-W-sa-∂Xv

AwKo-IrX `c-

W-IqS \b-am-sW∂pw AXn¬

\n∂pw ]n¥n-cn-bm≥ Bhn-s√-∂pamWv

tI{μ˛ kwÿm\ k¿°m-cp-

kJmhv

2012 sabv

Iƒ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. DZm-l-c-W-Øn\v

C°-gn tI{μ _P-‰n¬ {]Jym-

]n-®-Xp{]-Imcw cmPysØ 8800 -Intem-ao-‰¿

tZiob ]mX-Iƒ _n H

Sn ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-em-bn-cn°pw \n¿Ωn-

°p-I. Cu {]Irb hcpw-h¿j-ßfn¬

IqSp-X¬ Du¿Pn-X-am-°p-sa∂pw

_P‰p ]d-bp-∂p. F√m kw-ÿm\

k¿°m-cp-Ifpw Cu \ne-]mSv AwKo-

I-cn®p Ign-p. tZio-b-]mX _n

H Sn ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-em-°p-I-sb-∂Xv

tZiob \b-am-sW∂pw kwÿm\

k¿°m-cn\v C°m-cy-Øn¬ CS-s]-Sm-

\m-In-s√∂pw ASp-Ø-Im-eØv Xriq-


cn¬ h∂p ]d DΩ≥Nm≠n

bmIs´, Kh¿Æ-dpsS \b-{]-Jym-]-

\-Øn-eqsS ]d-Xv kwÿm-

\sØ ]n Uªp Un tdmUp-

Iƒt]mepw _n H Sn ASn-ÿm-\-Ønem-°p-sa-∂m-Wv.

AXns‚ `mK-ambn

kwÿm-\sØ 33000 Intem-ao-‰¿

tdmUp-Ifn¬ 1800- In-tem-ao-‰¿ DS≥

_n H Sn ASn-ÿm-\-Ønte°p am‰psa∂pw

k¿°m¿ {]Jym-]n-®n-cn-°p-

∂p. \h-D-Zm-co-I-cW \b-ß-fpsS

h‡m-°fpw \S-Øn-∏p-Im-cp-amb kn

]n sF (Fw) AS-°-ap≈ C¥ybnse

F√m ]m¿´n-Ifpw _n H Sn

AwKo-I-cn-®p-I-gn-n-´p-≠v. Hcp

cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-sb∂ \ne-bn¬

C¥y-bn¬ _n H Sn \bw {]Jym-]n-

®-Xp-ap-X¬ AXn-s\-Xnsc cwK-Øph-∂n-cn-°p-∂Xv

kn ]n sF (Fw

F¬) BWv. AtX kabw, km{am-

PyXz BtKm-fo-I-cW \b-߃

Bcw-`n® 90 Iƒ ap-X¬ I≠p-h-cp-

∂- ÿncw {]Xn-`m-k-sa∂ \ne-bn¬

cmjv{So-tb-Xc, `c-W-Iq-tS-Xc afie-Øn¬

kzbw \ne-bp-d-∏n-®n-´p≈

F≥ Pn H Ifpw \h-km-aqly

{]ÿm-\-ßfpw tIc-f-Øn¬ _n H

Sns°-Xnsc kac cwK-Øp-≠v.

apºp ]e-X-hW Nq≠n-°m-´n-b-

Xp-t]mse tI{μ˛ kwÿm\

k¿°m-cp-I-fpsS Iøn¬ ]W-an-√m-

Ø-Xp-sIm-≠√ _n H Sn ]≤-Xn-Iƒ

hym]-I-am-Ip-∂-Xv. tIm¿∏-td‰v

kºØv kam-l-c-W-Øns‚ Hcp

"klmbn' bmbn k¿°m¿ amdn-Øoc-W-sa∂

\h DZm-co-I-cW \bw

B[n-]-Xy-Øn-ep-≈-Xp-sIm-≠mWv

.kº-XvL-S-\-bpsS LS-\m-]-c-amb

am‰-Øn-\-\p-kr-X-ambn ]pXnb

\nIpXn kam-l-cW am¿§-߃

H∂pw Xs∂ Bhn-jv°-cn-°m≥

tI{μ ˛ kwÿm\ k¿°m-cp-Iƒ

Xøm-dm-Ip-∂n-s√-∂p am{X-a√ km[yamb

\nIpXn kam-l-cWw t]mepw

ths≠∂p hbv°p-I-bp-am-Wv. tI{μ

kJmhv

2012 sabv

k¿°m-cns‚ Xs∂ IW-°p-Iƒ {]-

Imcw Ign Bdp h¿j-Øn-\p-

≈n¬ am{Xw GI-tZiw 25 e£w

tImSn cq]-bpsS tIm¿∏-td‰v \nIpXn

Cf-hp-I-fmWv {]Jym-]n-®-Xv. cmPyØv

kº-Øp-tI-{μo-I-cWw i‡n-s∏-Sp-

Ibpw iX-tIm-So-iz-c-∑m-cpsS FÆw

h¿≤n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ kmº-

Øn-I-im-kv{X-]-c-ambn Hcp \oXo-Ic-W-hp-an-√mØ

Cu \S-]-Sn-bmWv

k¿°m-cns‚ Iøn¬ ]W-an-√m-Xm-

°p-∂-Xv. s\{lp-hn-b≥ ImeØv

tZio-b-h-cp-am-\-Øns‚ A\p]m-Xsa∂

\ne-bn¬ \nIpXn kam-l-cWw

14 iX-am-\w- hsc Db¿s∂-nepw

a≥tam-l-tWm-an-Ivkn\p Iogn¬

C∂Xv 10 iX-am-\-Øn¬ Xmsg am{Xam-Wv.

CXn\p ]pdta ]ncn-s®-Sp-°m-

\p≈ \nIpXn IpSn-inJ e£-°-W-

°n\p tISn cq]-bp-tS-Xm-Wv. Bbnc-°-W-°n-\p-tImSn

cq] {]Xn-h¿jw

s]mXp JP-\m-hn-te°v kw`m-h\

sNøp∂ em`-Øn-tem-Sp∂ X{¥-{]-

11


[m\ s]mXp-ta-J-e-Iƒ t]mepw

k¿°m¿ Isøm-gn-bp-I-bm-Wv. CXpw

k¿°m-cns‚ hn`h kam-l-c-WsØ

tZmj-I-c-ambn _m[n-®n-cn-°p-∂p.

AtXm-sSm∏w, Sp Pn kvs]Iv{Sw

Agn-a-Xn-bn-eq-sSbpw a‰pw hy‡-am-

°n-bn-´p-≈-Xp-t]mse k¿°m¿

]n≥hm-ßp∂ X{¥-{]-[m\ taJ-e-

Iƒ \S-Øn-s°m-≠p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xn-

\p≈ ssek≥kp-Iƒ kzImcy

IpØ-I-Iƒ°v ssIam-dp-∂-Xp-ambn

_‘-s∏´v k¿°m-cn\p Int´≠

tee-ØpI tIm¿∏-td‰v ˛ cmjv{So-b˛

DtZym-Kÿ ta[m-hnXz Ahn-lnX

_m‘-h-Øn-eqsS \jvS-am-Ip-∂Xpw

h≥]n® hn`h tNm¿®-bmWv. C{]-

Imcw \h DZm-co-I-cW kmº-ØnI

Z¿i\w ]n≥]-‰p-∂-Xn-eqsS tIm¿∏td‰v

Xmev]-cy-{]-Imcw t_m[-]q¿Δw

hn`h kam-l-cW cwK-Øp-\n∂pw

k¿°m¿ ]n≥hm-ßp-I-bm-Wv.

A{]-Imcw Bkq-{Xn-X-ambn

k¿°m-cns‚ \nIp-Xn-h-cp-am-\-a-S-°ap≈

hn`h kam-l-cWw A´n-a-dn-°p-

12

∂-Xns‚ `mK-am-bn-´p-X-s∂-bmWv

tIm¿∏-td-‰p-Iƒ°p-th≠n `cWw

\S-Øp∂ k¿°m¿ ap≥Iq´n FgpXn

Xøm-dm-°nb Xnc-°Y {]Imcw _n

H Sn ]≤-Xn-I-fp-ambn cwK-Øp-h-cp-

∂-Xv. \hDZm-co-I-c-W-Øn-\p-Io-gn¬

temI-Ønse A©m-asØ kmº-

ØnI i‡n-bmbn C¥y amdn-sb∂

hoºn-f-°p∂ `c-W-h¿§-ßfpw AhcpsS

Iqen-sb-gp-Øp-Im-cmb kmº-

ØnI hnZ-Kv[cpw AtX izmk-Øn¬

]d-bp-∂Xv k¿°m-cn\p ]W-an-√m-Ø-

Xp-sIm≠v _n H Sn A√msX a‰p

am¿§-an-s√-∂m-Wv. hmkvX-h-Øn¬

s\{lp-hn-b≥ ImeØv P\-ß-fpsS

\nIp-Xn-∏Ww D]-tbm-Kn®v sI´n-s∏m-

°nb ASn-ÿm\ kuI-cy-ß-fpsS

]n≥_-e-Øn-emWv C∂sØ tIm¿∏td-‰v

h¬°-cWw \S-°p-∂-sX∂

Imcyhpw t_m[-]q¿Δw aqSn-h-bv°s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wv.

B\p-]m-Xn-I-ambn Ipds-nepw

C∂p kam-l-cn-°p∂

\nIp-Xn-∏-W-a-{Xbpw tIm¿∏-td‰v

IpØ-I-I-fn-te°v A∏msS Xncn-®phn-Sp-I-bp-amWv.

CXn\p ]pdta Dev]m-

kJmhv

2012 sabv

Z-\-]-c-amb Hcp {]h¿Ø-\-Øn-epta¿s∏-Sm-sX-

tIh-e-samcp Im-WnbpsS

Xe-Øn¬ \n∂p-sIm≠v kl-

{k-tIm-Sn-Iƒ hcp∂ kºØp

sIm≈-b-Sn-°m≥ tIm¿∏-td-‰p-

Iƒ°p hgn-Xp-d-°p∂ ]≤-Xn-bmWv

_n H Sn. Ahn-iz-k-\o-b-amb coXnbn-ep≈

sIm≈-bmWv CXp-hgn \S-

°p-∂-Xv. tI{μ ˛ kwÿm\ k¿°mcp-Iƒ

]pd-Øp- hn-´n-´p≈ HutZym-

KnI IW-°p-I-fn-eqsS Xs∂ CXv

hy‡-am-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.

DZm-l-c-W-Øn-\v, \mj-W¬

sslth AtXm-dn‰n Hm^v C¥ybpsS

]T-\-a-\p-k-cn®v tIcf

kwÿm\ s]mXp-a-cm-a-Øp-h-Ip∏v

IW-°m-°n-b-Xp-{]-Imcw Hcp Intemao-‰¿

\mep-h-cn-∏m-X- \n¿Ωn-°m≥

ChnsS sNehp hcp-∂Xv Bdp-ap-

X¬ Ggc tImSn cq] hsc-bm-Wv.

F∂m¬ _n H Sn tem_n (cm-jv{Sob

t\Xr-Xzhpw D∂X _yqtdm {I‰p-

Ifpw tIm¿∏-td-‰p-Ifpw AS-ßp∂

am^nbm kwLw) bpsS IW°p


{]Imcw CXn\v 18 apX¬ 25 tImSnh-sc-bmWv

sNe-hv. _n H Sn°m-cpambn

tI{μ ˛ kwÿm\ Kh-◊‚p-

Ifp≠m-°n-bn-´p≈ Icm¿{]-Imcw

]me-ßfpw A\p_‘ \n¿Ωm-Wßfpw

AS°w samØw ]≤-Xn-s®e-hns‚

(k¿°m¿ GP≥kn-Iƒ

\n¿Æ-bn-®n-´p-≈-Xns‚ aq∂n-c-´n-bn-e-

[nIw hcp-∂, _n H Sn °mcs‚ IW-

°p-I-fmWv ChnsS ]≤Xn sNehmbn

IW-°m-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv) 40

iX-am\w s]mXp JP-\m-hn¬\n∂p

{Km‚mbn Ah¿°v \¬I-Ww. C{]-

Imcw \¬Ip∂ {Km‚m-Is´, \mj-

W¬ sslth AtXm-dn-‰nbpw

s]mXp-a-cm-aØp hIp∏pw IW-°m-

°n-bn-´p≈ samØw sNe-hn-t\-

°mƒ IqSp-X-em-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v IW-

°p-Iƒ ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ hy‡-am-

Ipw. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ tdmUv \n¿Ωm-

W-Øn\v Cu XpI-Xs∂ A[n-I-am-

Wv. AXp-]-tbm-Kn®v s]mXp-ta-J-ebn¬

tdmUp \n¿ΩmWw ]q¿Øo-Icn-°m-hp-∂-tX-bp-≈p.

F∂m¬

apIfn¬ ]d sNe-hp-Iƒ

IqSmsX tdmUp \n¿Ωm-W-Øn-\m-hiy-amb

ÿew Gs‰-SpØp \¬I¬,

ÿe-hm-kn-Iƒ°p≈ \jvS ]cn-lmchpw

]p\-c-[n-hm-khpw a‰p ASnÿm\

kuI-cy-߃ {]Zm\w

sNø¬ F∂o C\-ß-fn¬ tImSn-°-

W-°n\p cq] thtdbpw k¿°m¿

sNe-h-gn-t°-≠n-h-cpw. C{]-Imcw

]q¿Æ-am-bpw k¿°m¿ ]Whpw

k¿°m¿ kwhn-[m-\ßfpw D]-tbm-

K-s∏SpØn, Bbn-\-Øn¬ Xs∂

\s√mcp XpI ssI°-em°n tdmUp-

]Wn ]q¿Øn-bm-°n-°-gn-m¬

]ns∂ 30 h¿j-tØ°v tdmUns‚

DS-a-ÿX _n H Sn Iº-\n-°m-bn-cn-

°pw. C°m-e-b-f-hn¬ AXn-\v CjvSwt]mse

Npw ]ncn-°m\pw Imem-

Im-e-ß-fn¬ AXp h¿≤n-∏n-°m-\pap≈

Ah-Imiw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw.

tdmUp \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\v Bh-iy-amb-sXm-gn®v

an®-ap≈ ÿeØv

tjm∏nßv tImwπ-Ivkp-Ifpw amfp-

Ifpw ]m¿edp-I-fp-sa√mw \n¿Ωn®v

B C\-Ønepw tImSn-Iƒ

sImbvsX-Sp-°mw. Ct∏m-gsØ IW-

°p-{]-Imcw aÆp-Øn˛ CS-∏≈n

tZiob ]mX \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\v 312

tImSn cq] sNehp h∂p-sh-∂mWv

IW-°m-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ Np-

∏n-cn-hn-eqsS am{Xw GtZiw 17000

tImSn cq] _n H Sn Iº\n ASns®-Sp-°p-sa∂p

Icp-Xp-∂p. Np-∏ncn-hns‚

Ime-b-f-hmb 30 h¿Øn-\p-

≈n¬ _n H Sn tdmUn\p kam-¥-cambn

Hcp tdmUpw k¿°m¿ ]WnXp

IqsS∂ hyh-ÿbpw Icm-dns‚ `mKam-sW-∂p-IqSn

\mtam¿°-Ww. Npcp-

°-Øn¬ CXn-eqsS tIm¿∏-td‰v

IpØ-I-Iƒ ASn-s®-Sp-°p∂ hºn®

XpI-bpsS cmjv{Sob ˛ _yqtdm-{I-

‰nIv Iq´p-sI-´n\ ve`n-°p-sa-∂-XmWv

_n H Snsb `c-W-hr-Ø-ß-fnepw

tIm¿∏-td‰v am[y-a-ß-fnepw BI¿j-

I-am-°p-∂-Xv. Npcp-°-Øn¬ `cW

{]Xn-]£ hyXym-k-an-√msX, tIcfw

amdn amdn `cn®hsc√mw H‰-s°-´mbn

_n H Sn ]≤-Xn-s°m∏w \n¬°p-∂-

Xns‚ Imc-Whpw as‰m-∂-√.

apºp kqNn-∏n-®-Xpt]mse, \h-

D-Zm-co-I-cW \b-ß-fpsS `mK-ambn

tIm¿∏td‰v IpØ-I-I-fpsS taep≈

\nIp-Xn-Iƒ h≥tXm-Xn¬ sh´n-°pd-°p∂

tI{μ ˛ kwÿm\ k¿°mcp-Iƒ

kº-ZvL-S-\-bpsS hf¿∂p

hnI-kn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ Dul-ta-

J-e-I-fn¬ \n∂pw hfsc sNdn-

kJmhv

2012 sabv

sbmcp XpI-t]mepw \nIp-Xn-bmbn

]ncn-°m≥ Xøm-d-√. DZm-l-c-W-Øn\v

Hmlcn hn]-Wn-I-fn¬ i‡n-s∏-´n-

´p≈ ]pXnb cq]-Øn-ep≈ Ah-[nhym-]m-c-ß-fpsS

ta¬ Hcp iX-am\w

\nIpXn Npa-Øn-bm¬ {]Xn-h¿jw

]Øp-e£w cq] tI{μ k¿°m-cn\p

hcp-am-\-ambn In´p-sa∂v ]e kmº-

ØnI hnZ-Kv[cpw Nq≠n-°m-´n-bn-´p-

≠v. F∂m¬ AXn-s\m∂pw a≥taml-≥

k¿°m¿ Xøm-d-√. tIc-f-Ønem-sW-n¬

Xg-®p- h-f-cp∂ dnb¬

FtÉv, Nn´n ˛ ]W-an-S-]m-Sp-Iƒ,

kz¿Æ-I-®-h-Sw, Dul-{]-h¿Ø-\߃

XpS-ßn-b-h-bpsS ta¬ \ma-am-

{X-amb \nIpXn Npa-Øn-bm¬ P\ß-fpsS

ta¬ Hcp-`m-chpw ASn-t®ev]n-°msX

ASn-ÿm\ kuIcy

hnI-k-\-Øn-\p≈ ]Ww k¿°mcn\p

Is≠-Øm-hp-∂-tX-bp-≈p. CXns\m∂pw

Xøm-dm-hmsX ]W-an-s√∂

I]-S -{]-N-c-W-Øns‚ ad-hn¬ P\ß-fpsS

ta¬ hºn® \nIp-Xn-`mcw

ASn-t®-ev]n-°m\pw aSn-°p-∂n-√.

C‘\ \nIpXn, hml\ \nIp-Xn,

tdmUv \nIp-Xn, KXm-KX ]ng,

sslth sk v, ssek≥kv ^o,

XpS-ßnb C\-ß-fn¬ KXm-K-X-ta-Je-bn¬

am{Xw kl-{k-tIm-Sn-I-fmWv

]ngn-q-‰n-sb-Sp-°p-∂-Xv. {Km≥dn-\-

Øn¬ _n H Sn Iº-\n-Iƒ°v

13


ssIam-dp-∂Xpw Cu hcp-am-\-

Øn¬\n-∂p-am-Wv. F∂n-´pw _n H Sn

]≤-Xn-I-fpsS ad-hn¬ P\-ßsf

sIm≈-b-Sn-°m≥ tIm¿∏-tddv ˛

Dul IpØ-I-Isf Ib-dqcn hnSp-

∂Xv P\-߃s°-Xn-cmb bp≤-{]-

Jym-]-\-a-√msX as‰m-∂p-a-√.

P\-]-£Øp \nev°p∂, P\m-[n-

]Xy aqey-߃ AwKo-I-cn-°p∂

B¿°pw _n H Sn ]≤-Xn-Iƒ AwKo-

I-cn-°m-\m-hn-s√-∂mWv CXp kqNn-

∏n-°p-∂-Xv. Dul-ta-J-e-I-fp-ambn

_‘-s∏´v {]Xy-£hpw ]tcm-£-hpamb

t\´-ß-fp-≠m-°p-∂-Hcp sNdp

\yq\-]-£-Øn\pw `c-W-h¿§

cmjv{Sob DtZym-K-ÿ- ta-[mhnXz,

tIm¿∏-td‰v hn`m-K-߃°pw _n H

Sn ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-ep≈ Npw

sImSpØp bm{X-sN-øm≥ _p≤n-ap-

´p-≠m-hn√. F∂m¬ _lp `qcn-]-

£w -h-cp∂ km[m-c-W-°m-cp-tSbpw

CS-Ø-c-°m-cp-tSbpw ÿnXn AX-√.

{S°p-I-fp-tSbpw Nc°p h≠n-I-fptSbpw

bm{Xm-h-≠n-I-fp-tSbpw

taep≈ tSmƒ\n-c-°p-Iƒ Ah-bpsS

BXy-¥nI D]-tbm-‡m-°-fmb

km[m-cW P\-ß-fp-sS-ta¬ `£y-hkvXp-°fpw

C‘-\hpw AS-°-ap-≈-

B-hiy km[-\-ß-fpsS hne-h¿≤-\hn-eq-sSbpw

bm{Xm-°qen h¿≤-\-hneq-sSbpw

h∂p ]Xn-°p-sa∂ Imcy-

Øn¬ kwi-b-an-√. AXm-b-Xv,

km[m-c-W-°msc kw_-‘n-®n-StØmfw

t\cn-´-h¿ tSmƒ \nc-°p-Iƒ

sImSp-°p-∂-tX-°mƒ F√m-X-c-Ønep-ap≈

hne-h¿≤-\-hn-eqsS ]tcm-£am-bn-´m-bn-cn°pw

_n H Sn ]≤-Xn

Ahsc _m[n-°p-I. Bb-Xn-\m¬

Hcp {]tXyI ÿetØm ]©m-b-

Øntem GsX-nepw Cf-hp-Itfm

]mt°-Pp-Itfm {]Jym-]n-®-XpsIm≠v

_n H Sn bpsS BLm-X-

Øn¬\n∂pw km[m-cW P\-߃

ap‡-cm-Ip-sa∂p Icp-Xp-∂Xv

hnUvVn-Ø- -am-bn-cn-°pw. F∂p-am-{X-a-

√, C\n-b-tßm´v kwÿm-\sØ

s]mXp-a-cm-aØp tdmUp-Ifpw _n H

Sn ]≤-Xn-I-fm-bn-´m-bn-cn°pw \S-∏m-

°p-I-sb∂pw Da-a≥Nm≠n k¿°m¿

{]Jym-]n-®p-I-gn-p. apJy ]Xn-

]£ I£n-bmb kn ]n sF (Fw)

14

t\Xr-Xz-Øns‚ ]n¥p-Wbpw C°mcy-Øn-ep-≠m-Ip-sa∂vhy‡-am-bn-°gn-n-cn-°p-∂p.

P\-ß-fpsS \nIp-Xn-

∏Ww- sIm≠v CtXm-SIw ]WnX

tdmUp-Iƒt]mepw shdpw sabv‚-

\≥kv h¿°n-\p-th≠n kzImcy

IpØ-I-Iƒ°p ssIamdn Ahsb

_n H Sn ]≤-Xn-I-fmbn {]Jym-]n®v

P\-ß-fn¬\n∂pw Npw ]ncn-°p∂

G‰hpw lo\-amb G¿∏mSpw CtXmsSm∏w

\S-∂p-h-cn-I-bm-Wv. as‰√m

]≤-Xn-I-fp-tSbpw Imcy-Øn-se-∂t]mse

\msf ]©m-bØp tdmUp-

Iƒ t]mepw _n H Sn ASn-ÿm-\-

Øn-em-°m-\p≈ Zo¿L-Ime ]≤-Xn-

Iƒ temI-_m--S-°-ap≈ km{am-

PyXz tI{μ-߃ hn`m-h\w sNøp-

∂-Xmbn ]d-p-tIƒ°p-∂p.

Cu kml-N-cy-Øn¬ _n H Sn

k¿°m-cns‚ ASn-ÿm\ \b-amsW∂

hkvXpX N¿®m-hn-j-b-am-

ImØ hn[w, sa®-s∏´ ]p\-c-[nhmk

]mt°Pv, Np \nc-°p-Iƒ

Ipd-°¬, Nne {]tXyI {]tZ-i߃°pw

hn`m-K-߃°pw khn-tij-amb

Cf-hp-Iƒ XpS-ßnb \°m-

∏n-®-Iƒ \¬Inbpw kmt-Xn-I-amb

\o°p-t]m-°p-I-fn-eq-sSbpw (D-Zm-lc-W-Øn\v,

Np-∏n-cn-hn\p apºv

k¿Δokv tdmUp-Iƒ ]q¿Øn-bm-°nbn-√.

]mew ]Wn ]q¿Øo-I-cn-®n-√.

apJy-a{¥n hm°p ]men-®n-√. \nc-°p-

Iƒ Db¿∂-Xm-Wv, XpS-ßn-bh ]cnl-cn-°¬)

_n H Sn bmYm¿∞y-amsW∂v

P\-ß-sf-s°m≠v AwKo-Icn-∏n-°m-\p≈

IpSne \o°-ßfpw

CXns‚ `mK-ambn \S-°p-∂p-≠v. `c-

W-]-£hpw "{]Xn-]-£hpw' H∂m-bn-

°-gn cmjv{Sob iq\yX apX-se-

Sp-Øp-sIm≠v a‰p-]e cwKØpw

F∂-Xp-t]mse _n H Sn ka-c-Ønte-°p-

I-S-∂p- hcp∂ F≥ Pn H

Ifpw "\h kaqly' kwL-S-\-Ifpw

km{am-PyXz BtKm-fo-I-c-W-tØmSpw

`c-W-IqS \b-ß-tfmSpw IrXy-amb

cmjv{Sob \ne-]m-Sn√m-Ø-h-bm-b-XpsIm≠v

H´p an°-t∏mgpw ta¬ kqNn-

∏n® ]mt°-Pp-I-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´v

HØp-Xo¿∏p N¿®-I-fn-te°pw

{ItaW P\-ßsf \njvIr-b-X-bnte°pw

\njv^-eXm t_m[-Ønte°pw

X≈n-hn-Sm-\p≈ km[y-

Xbpw Xncn-®-dn-tb-≠-Xp-≠v. Bb-Xn-

kJmhv

2012 sabv

\m¬ C°m-cy-ß-sf√mw ]cn-K-W-\bn-se-Sp-Øp-sIm≠v

_n H Sn

s°Xnsc tbmPn-°m-hp∂ apgp-h≥

i‡n-I-fp-ambpw sFIy-s∏´v kacw

hnim-em-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn-em-°m≥ {ian-

°p-∂-Xn-s\m∏w \hDZm-co-I-cW

hncp≤ cmjv{So-b-Øn-ep-d-®p-\n-∂psIm≠v

]m¿´n-bpsS cmjv{Sob

t\Xr-XzØn¬ _n H Sn hncp≤

kacw hnI-kn-∏n-°m-\p≈ kzX{¥

cmjv{Sob ap≥ssI hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-

°p∂ Imcy-Ønepw {i≤n-°-W-sa-∂-

XmWv kn ]n sF (Fw F¬) \ne-

]m-Sv. C°m-cy-Øn¬ _n H Sn

s°Xnsc AJn-te¥ym Xe-Øn¬

tI{μ-°-Ωn‰n FSp-Øn-´p≈ kao-]-

\-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬, tIc-f-

Øn¬ cq]w-sIm-≠n-´p≈ _n H Sn

hncp≤ P\-Iob kanXn-bpsS t\Xr-

Xz-Øn-ep≈ kacw, {]tXy-In®v

kwÿm\ k¿°m¿ AXns‚

tdmUp \n¿ΩmW \bw {]Jym-]n-®p-

I-gn ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬, kwÿm-

\m-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ hym]n-∏n-°m-\p≈

{]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ F√m P\m-[n-

]Xy i‡n-I-fp-ambn tbmPn®v kPoh-ambn

CS-s]-Sm≥ ]m¿´n t\Xr-Xz-

]-c-amb ]p hln-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-

∂p. ]pØ≥ A[n-\n-th-i-Øn\pw

AXns‚ h¿Ø-am\ cq]-amb \h

DZm-co-I-c-W-Øn\pw tIm¿∏-td‰v

sIm≈-°p-sa-Xn-sc-bp≈ \n¿Æm-b-

I-amb cmjv{Sob Nph-Sp-h-bv∏mWv

_n H Sn hncp≤ ka-c-sa∂v Xncn-®dnv

apgp-h≥ P\m-[n-]Xy i‡n-

Ifpw cwK-Øn-d-tß-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

RED STAR

CENTRAL ORGAN

CPI(ML)

C-141, Sainik Nagar,

New Delhi - 110059

Ph: 011-25332343

e-mail:

redstarenglish@yahoo.co.in


temIsaºmSpw sXcphpIƒ

kac`qanIfmhpIbmWv. k©cn°m≥ am{Xa√,

kacw sNøm\p≈ CSw IqSnbmWv sXcphpIsf∂v

sXfnbn®v cmjv{Sob ap{ZmhmIyØns‚ {]tbmK

`qanbm°n am‰ns°m≠v km{amPXz

BtKmfoIcWØns\Xnsc ]pXnb kacapJ߃

Xpd°s∏SpIbmWv. tIcfØn¬ sXcphpIƒ

kac`qanIfmhp∂Xv ]pXnb kw`ha√. k©mc

kzmX{¥yØn\p th≠nbp≈ D÷zeamb

t]mcm´ßƒ \S∂ aÆmWnXv. 19˛mw \q‰m≠ns‚

Ahkm\ ZiIßfnepw 20˛mw \q‰m≠ns‚ BZy

ZiIßfnepw k©mc kzmX{¥yØn\p

th≠nbp≈ t]mcm´ßfpsS Xo®qfbnembncp∂p

tIcfw. sI.tIf∏≥ \bn® ssh°w kXym{Klw

kJmhv

2012 sabv

tamNn-X- tam-l-\≥

sXcphpIƒ

kac`qanIfmhptºmƒ

tIm¨{K v \bn-°p∂ heXp ap∂-Wn°pw kn]n-sF(-Fw) \bn-°p∂ I]S CSXp ap∂-Wn°pw

F≥PnH cmjv{So-b-Øn-\p-sa-Xnsc \ne-]m-sS-Sp-Øp-sIm≠v am{Xta _nHSn hncp≤ kacw

hnP-bn-∏n-°m-\mIq F∂v teJ-I≥ ka¿∞n-°p-∂p.

CXns‚ ap∂nep≠v. sXcphpIfneqsS

hn√ph≠ntbmSn®v kh¿Æm[n]XysØ tNmZyw

sNbvX AømfnbpsS t]mcm´w PmXn P∑n

\mSphmgnØØns‚ \mepsI´pIfn¬ CSnapg°w

krjvSn°pIbpw ASn®a¿Øs∏´h\pw

Bflm`nam\aps≠∂v {]Jym]n°pIbpw sNbvX

kw`hamWv. sIm®n {][m\a{¥n ]menbØ—s‚

hkXn°p ap∂neqsSbp≈ hgnbneqsS

\S°m\p≈ kzmX{¥yw \ntj[n®Xns\Xnsc

\S∂ kachpw ]menbw kXym{Klhpw G‰hpw

IqSpX¬ `cWIqS `oIcX t\cntS≠nh∂

kacßfnsem∂mWv. Bcy]≈Øns‚bpw

{]nbZØbpsSbpw t\XrXzØn¬

A¥¿÷\߃ sXcphnendßnbXv Ncn{X

15


kw`hamWv. F.sI.Pn. F∂pw kacØns‚

ap∂nep≠mbncp∂p. ]dns´¥pImcyw, ]menbw

kXym{KlØns‚ Ncn{XØneqsS

]mentb°cbnseØptºmƒ apJym[mc hnπh

{]ÿm\߃ Np∏pcbn¬ Ipºn´p\n¬°p∂

ImgvN Zb\obw Xs∂. ]g»ncmPbpw thepغn

Zfhbpw B‰n߬ dmWnbpw {_n´njv

km{amPyXzØns‚ Np hyhÿs°Xnsc

s]mcpXnb tZim`nam\nIfmbncp∂p.

2010 Unkw_¿ 17 sh≈n. SpWojybnse

hgntbmc I®hS°mc\mb aplΩZv _p Akokn

sb∂ sNdp∏°mc≥ hne°b‰w sIm≠v

s]mdpXnap´n Pohn°m≥ IgnbmsX h∂t∏mƒ

BflmlpXn sNbvXp. GIm[n]Xnbmbn

ssk\p¬ B_nZn≥ _n≥ Aenbpw am[yaßfpw

kw`hsØ A{X Kuchambn I≠n√. ]s£ B

sNdp∏°mcs‚ icocØn¬ \n∂v ]S¿∂ Xo

\mºpIƒ SqWojy≥ sXcphpIsf

{]t£m`Øns‚ Xo°m‰nea¿Øn.

kzmX{¥yØn\pw P\m[n]XyØn\pw th≠nbp≈

kac`qanIfmbn SqWojy≥ sXcphpIƒ amdn.

GIm[n]XnIfpw km{amPyXzi‡nIfpw

IøS°nb sXcphpIsf√mw P\߃

Xncn®p]nSn°pIbpw t]mcm´ßfpsS

kwKaÿm\ambn IheIƒ amdpIbpw sNbvX

ImgvN ]m›mXy `cWIqSßsf Aºc∏n®p.

kz]v\߃ ]psh®v hnπhØn\v Du¿÷w

]I¿∂v P\߃ sXcphpIfntes°mgpIn. ]ecpw

shSnbp≠Iƒ G‰phmßnsbnepw

GIm[n]XnIƒ Ncn{XØns‚ Nh‰pIp´bnembn.

CuPn]vXnse Xlvco¿ kvIzb¿ apX¬

Atacn°bnse hmƒkv{So‰v hscbp≈

sXcphpIfn¬ am‰Øns‚ sImSpm‰Sn®p. Cu

sIm®ptIcfØns‚ sXcphpIfnepw

{]t£m`Øns‚ ]pXnb A[ymb߃

FgpXs∏SpIbmWv. F≥.F®v. 47 ¬ aÆpØn ˛

Aamen dq´n¬ ]mentb°c bn¬

Kpcphmbqc∏≥ C≥{^m kv{SIv®¿ (ss{]h‰v)

enan‰Uv F∂ IpØI Iº\n sI´ns∏m°nb

Np∏pc, tIcfsØ kw_‘n®v

km{amPXzNqjWØns‚ `oIccq]ambn

amdn°gnp. tIcfØns‚ kºØv

sIm≈bSn°p∂ Cu Nphyhÿs°Xnsc

P\ßsf kwLSn∏n®v kacw \bn°m\p≈

cmjv{Sob C—mi‡n \jvSs∏´v IpØI

Iº\n°pth≠nbp≈ F∏ntkmUpIƒ°v cq]w

\¬IpIbmWv apJy[mc cmjv{Sob {]ÿm\߃.

CctXSnbpw CWtXSnbpw i{Xp°tfmSv s]mcpXn

cmPy߃ sh´n∏nSn®pw apt∂dnb P\kaql߃

k©cn®p≠m°nbXmWv `qanbnse hgnIsf√mw.

hym]mcØns‚bpw hmWnPyØns‚bpw

kwkvImcØns‚bpw t]mcm´ßfpsSbpw

16

kJmhv

2012 sabv

tI{μßfmbn sXcphpIƒ hnIkn®p. i{Xphns\

ASn®a¿Øn B[n]Xyw ÿm]n°m≥ A[nImcn

h¿§ßƒ anI® tdmUpIfp≠m°n. CShgnIƒ

tdmUpIfmbpw tdmUpIƒ tZiob ]mXIfmbpw

hnIkn®Xns‚ ]n∂n¬ t]mcm´ßfpsSbpw

ASn®a¿Øent‚bpw F{Xtbm IYIfp≠v.

tdmUpIƒ D≠m°pIsb∂Xv `cWh¿§Øns‚

B[n]Xyw \ne\n¿Øm≥

AXy¥mt]£nXambncp∂p. N¥Ifnte°pw

XpdapJßfnte°pw Nc°pIƒ thKØn¬

FØn°p∂Xn\pw kacßfpw Iem]ßfpw

ASn®a¿Øm≥ ssk\ysØ hn\ykn°p∂Xn\pw

anI® tdmUpIƒ Bhiyambn. km{amPyXz

BtKmfoIcWØn‚ ImeL´Øn¬

\n¿Ωn®psIm≠ncn°p∂ kq∏¿ sslthIfpw

\mephcn]mXIfpw Nphyhÿbpw

A[n\nthiØns‚ {]Xy£ cq]ßfmWv. tkh\

taJeIfn¬ \n∂v k¿°m¿ ]n≥hmßnbt∏mƒ

tZiob ]mXIƒ \hoIcn®v kzImcy

hXv°cn°pIbpw Npw]ncn®v tImSnIƒ

em`ap≠m°m≥ IpØIIƒ°v hgnsbmcp°pIbpw

sNbvXp. kuP\ybm{X°p≈X√

tZiob]mXIsf∂pw _n.H.Sn. ASnÿm\Øn¬

\hoIcn®v NphyhÿbneqsS Ahsb

I®hShXv°cn°Wsa∂v temI_mv ]≤Xn

Xømdm°nbn´v c≠v Zim_vZßfntesdbmbn.

C¥y≥ kºZvLS\bn¬ ]nSnapdp°nb

IpØIIfpw Dul aqe[\ i‡nIfpw P\ßfpsS

k©mc kzmX{¥ysØ \ntj[n®v tZiob

]mXIsf kzImcy kzØm°nbXn¬ Aºc∂n´v

Imcyan√. ImcWw \hen_d¬ kn≤m¥Øns‚

Hcp {]tbmKamWv Npw ]ncnhv. k¿°mcn¬ \n∂v

In´p∂ ]Ww ( Hma\ t]cv {Km‚ v) D]tbmKn®v

tdmUv \hoIcn°pIbpw ]n∂oSv AXv

D]tbmKn°p∂hcn¬ \n∂v ^okv CuSm°pIbpw

sNøp∂ hnIk\ coXnbpsS ASnØd km{amPyXz

BtKmfoIcØnt‚XmWv. \n¿`mKysa∂v ]dbs´

Npw ]ncnhns\Xnscbp≈ kacßfn¬ \n∂v

]et∏mgpw Cu cmjv{Sob {]iv\w

hgnamdnt∏mIp∂p≠v. ]mentb°cbnse \ncmlmcw

Xo¿®bmbpw tIcfØns‚

\mtf°pth≠nbp≈XmWv. Znhkw icmicn Hcp

tImSntbmfw cq] Npw ]ncns®Sp°p∂ Cu

NqjW kwhn[m\sØ tXm¬∏nt°≠Xv

A\nhmcyamWv. C∂v ]mentb°cbn¬

Db¿∂ncn°p∂ Np∏pc \msf tIcfØnse

\qtdmfw tI{μßfn¬ sI´ns∏m°psa∂Xns‚

kqN\ Kh¿ÆdpsS \b{]Jym]\Ønep≠v.

tSmfn√msX tdmUp≠m°m≥ Bhns√∂v apJya{¥n

DΩ≥Nm≠n Xpd∂p]dp. tIcfØn¬ 1360

Intemao‰¿ tdmUv _n.H.Sn ASnÿm\Øn¬

\hoIcn®v tSmƒ G¿s∏SpØpsa∂mWv Kh¿Æ¿


\b{]Jym]\Øn¬ hy‡am°nbXv. GsXnepw

IpØI°v tSmƒ \¬ImsX tIcfob¿°v

k©cn°m\mhns√∂v Npcp°w.

\hen_d¬ \bßsf ]n¥pW°m\pw

AXpambn _‘s∏´ hnIk\ coXnIsf kzmKXw

sNøm\pw e÷bn√mØ apJy[mc hnπh

{]ÿm\ßfmWv NpØn\v IpS]nSn®p

sImSp°p∂Xv. bmYm¿∞yambn Ign tSmfns\

FXn¿°p∂Xn¬ A¿∞ans√∂mWv

kn.]n.sF(Fw) s‚ {]apJ t\Xmhv Xriqcn¬

{]Jym]n®Xv. bmYm¿∞yßsf AwKoIcn®v

kacßfn¬ \n∂v hgnamdn k©cn°emtWm hnπh

{]ÿm\Øns‚ NpaXe ? BtKmfhXv°cWw

bmYm¿∞yat√?, hne°b‰w bmYm¿∞yat√ ?,

sXmgnen√mbva bmYm¿∞yat√ ? CXns\Xnsc

kac߃ ]mSns√∂mtWm kn.]n.sF(Fw) \bw.

bmYm¿∞yßfn¬ \n∂v Hfnt®mSn km{amPyXz

BtKmfoIcWØns‚ hnIk\coXnIƒ°v

hgnsbmcp°p∂Xn\p≈ ]›mØew krjvSn°m≥

am{XamWv ]mentb°cbnse Np∏pcbn¬

CfhpIƒ \¬Inbm¬ {]iv\w Ahkm\n°psa∂v

kn.]n.sF(Fw) {]Jym]n®Xns‚ ]n∂nse clkyw.

]mentb°cbn¬ CfhpIƒ t\SnsbSp°pI;

`mhnbn¬ tIcfØn¬ Dbcp∂ Np∏pcIƒ°v

A\pIqeamb A¥co£w Hcp°ns°mSp°pI.

kJmhv

2012 sabv

AXpam{XamWv kn.]n.sF(Fw) e£yanSp∂Xv.

km{amPXz BtKmfoIcWØns‚ `mKambp≈

hymhkmbnI \ne]mSpIƒ

hnIkn∏ns®SpØXns‚ Xncn®SnIƒ _wKmfn¬

t\cn´n´pw ]mTw ]Tn°msX t]mIp∂Xv

\hen_d¬ \bßtfmSp≈ Zmky

at\m`mha√msX as‰m∂pa√.

]mentb°cbnse \ncmlmckacw cmjv{Sob

\ne]mSpIfn¬ Dd®p\n∂v apt∂dptºmƒ Xs∂

F≥.Pn.H. kz`mhw ]pe¿Øp∂ Nne

kwLS\Ifpw t\XrXzhpw HØpXo¿∏pIfpsS

sIWnsbmcp°n ImØncn°p∂Xv

Xncn®dntb≠Xp≠v. AØcsamcp HØpXo¿∏n\v

Ahkcsamcp°m≥ apJy[mc am[yaßfpw

cwKØp≠v. kacw HØpXo¿∏nseØn°m≥

Ffp∏amsW∂pw ASnÿm\]camb

Bhiyßfn¬ \n∂p≈ hyXnbm\w

IogSßemsW∂pw Ncn{Xw ap∂dnbn∏v

\¬Ip∂p≠v. ]mentb°cbnse \ncmlmc

]¥enep≈ Pm{KX \ne\n¿Øn P\ßsf

sFIys∏SpØm\p≈ ]pXnb kacapJ߃

Is≠tØ≠Xp≠v. `cWIqSØns‚ Bbp[

_etØmsS tIcfsØ sIm≈bSn°p∂

IpØIsb ]cmPbs∏SpØm≥

Ffp∏hgnIfns√∂v AdnbpI.

17


18

tNmtZym-Ø-c-]w‡n

hmb-\-°m-cpsS tNmZy-߃°v kJmhv sI.-F-≥. cma-N-{μ≥ adp-]Sn \¬Ip-∂p

]m¿´n tIm¨{K-kpIsf hne-bn-cp-Øp-tºmƒ

? A-SpØ ImeØv C¥y-bnse hnhn[ IΩyq-WnÃv

]m¿´n-I-fpsS tIm¨{K- p-Iƒ \S-°p-I-bp-≠m-b-t√m.

F∂m¬ km¿Δ-tZ-io-bhpw tZio-bhpamb ASn-ÿm\

hnj-b-ß-fn¬ bmYm¿∞y-߃°-\p-kr-X-amb

am¿IvknÃv hni-I-e-\-߃ \S-Ømt\m {]mtbm-KnI

ka-c-߃ hnI-kn-∏n-°mt\m Cu tIm¨{K- p-Iƒ°p

tijhpw Ch-bvs°m-∂n\pw Ign-bp-∂n√ F∂-XmWv

hkvXp-X. C°m-cysØ kw_-‘n®v kn]n-sF(-Fw-

F¬) s‚ hne-bn-cp-ج F¥mWv ?

cmtP{μ≥, t]cq¿°S

= IΩyq-Wnkv‰p ]m¿´n-Iƒ tIm¨{Kkp hnfn®p

Iq´p-∂Xv AXp-hsc hnπh ]mX-bn¬ D≠mb t\´ßfpw

tIm´-ßfpw hne-bn-cp-Øm\pw `mhn hnπh ]cn-

]m-Sn°pw {]tbm-K-Øn\pw th≠ Xocp-am-\-߃ FSp-

°m\pwth≠n-bmWv. AXn-\-\p-k-cn®p ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬

kn ]n sF bpsS ]mSv\-bn¬ tN¿∂ 21-˛mw

tIm¨{Knse GI Xocp-am\w P\-d¬ sk{I-´dn

ÿm\Øv F. Un. _¿Zm\p ]Icw kp[m-I¿

sdUnsb {]-Xn-jvTn®p F∂Xp am{X-am-Wv. _wKm-fnepw

tIc-f-Ønepw CXc kw-ÿm-\-ß-fnepw \h DZmc \b߃

]n¥p-S¿∂v `c-W-h¿§ ]m¿´n-Isft∏mse Po¿®-

Xp-aq-eap≠mb Xncn-®-Sn-I-f-S°w Hcp hne-bn-cp-Ø-epan-√.

am{X-a√ hnime CSXp kJyhpw CSXp P\m-[n-

]Xy ap∂-Wnbpw i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-sa∂ hmbvØm-cn-b-

√msX CXp-h-sc ]n¥p-S¿∂ tkmjy¬ Utam-{ImddnIv

]mX Dt]-£n®v hnπh ]mX-bn¬ Xncn®p hcp-

∂-Xns\∏‰n kn ]n sF bpsS dnt∏m¿´nepw cmjv{Sob

{]ta-b-Ønepw Hcp ]cm-a¿iw -t]m-ep-an-√.

kn ]n sF Dƒs∏-sS-bp≈ CSXp ap∂-Wnsb

_wKm-fnepw AJn-te¥ym Xe-Ønepw "CSXp P\m-

[n-]Xy ap∂-Wnsb' tIc-f-Ønepw \bn-°p∂ kn ]n

sF (Fw)s‚ 20-˛mw ]m¿´n-tIm¨{Kkv AXns‚

kmº-ØnI i‡nbpw _wKm-fnepw tIc-f-Ønepw

{Xn]p-c-bnepw D≈ kwL-S\mi‡nbpw icn°pw

{]IS-amIpw hn[-amWv tImgn-t°mSp \S-∂-Xv. ]gb

kn ]n sF sbt∏mse kn ]n sF (Fw)Dw CØhW

Ah-cpsS tIm¨{K-kp-I-fn-te°v Hcp hntZi

{]Xn-\n[n kwL-tØbpw £Wn-®n-√. km{am-PyXz

i‡n-Iƒ km¿Δ-tZ-iob Xe-Øn¬ Ah-cpsS IS-∂m-

{Ia-W-߃ i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-tºmgpw sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§

km¿Δ-tZ-io-b-XzsØ]‰n Ah-bpsS tcJ-I-fn¬ Imcyamb

]cm-a¿iw t]mep-an-√. ^e-Øn¬ tZiob Xe-

kJmhv

2012 sabv

Øn-ep≈ s]‰n _q¿jzm kwL-S-\-I-fmbn Ch cq]m-

¥-c-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p F∂p sXfn-bn-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p ChbpsS

]m¿´n tIm¨{K-kp-Iƒ.

34 h¿jw XpS¿®-bmbn `cn® _wKm-fn¬ D≠mb

]cm-Pbw t]mepw hne-bn-cp-Øm\pw AXn-\p≈ ssk≤m-

¥nI Imc-W-߃ Is≠-Øm\pw kn ]n sF(-Fw)s‚

dnt∏m¿´n¬ Hcp {ia-hp-an-√.- kw-L-S-\m-]-c-amb Imc-W߃°p

]pdtØ°v AXns‚ hne-bn-cp-ج t]mIp-

∂n-√. kwL-S-\m-]-c-ambn D≠m-bn-cn-°p∂ `oa-amb

Po¿ÆX cmjv{Sob Po¿Æ-X-bpsS {]Xn-^-e-\-am-sW-

∂p-t]mepw ]d-bp-∂n-√. Hcp ssk≤m-¥nI {]tabw kn

]n sF (Fw) tIm¨{Kkv AwKo-I-c-n-s®-nepw AXn¬

km¿Δ-tZ-iob IΩyq-Wn-Ãp -{]-ÿm-\-Øn-\p-≠mb Xncn-

®-SnItfm, tkmhy‰p bqWn-b-\nepw ssN\-bnepw a‰pw

]n≥Xp-S¿∂ tkmjy-enÃp {]tbm-K-Øns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-

Itfm c≠mw temI bp≤-Øn-\p-tijw km{am-PyXz

tNcn Ata-cn-°≥ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ ]n¥p-S-cp∂ ]pØ≥

A[n-\n-thi \b-ßtfm Ah-bpsS {]Xym-Lm-X-ßtfm,

h¿Ø-am-\-Im-e-Øn-\-\p-k-c-W-amb hnπh kn≤m-¥tam

{]tbm-Ktam N¿® sNøp-∂n-√, hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂n-√, `mhn-

Im-gvN-∏m-Sp-Iƒ apt∂m-´p-h-bv°p-∂n-√.

kn ]nsF(-Fw) tIm¨{Kkv AwKo-I-cn® cmjv{Sob

{]ta-b-Øn¬ Ign tIm¨{K-kn-\p-tijw AJnte¥ym

ASn-ÿm-\-Ønepw kwÿm-\m-Sn-ÿm-\-Ønepw

D≠mb Xncn-®-Sn-I-fpsS shfn-®-Øn¬ F¥m-bn-cn°pw

hcpw-Ime ka-c-]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ. sXc-s-Sp∏p kao-]-

\߃ Fs¥∂p hne-bn-cpØn Hcp ]pXnb ImgvN-∏mSp

apt∂m´p hbv°p-∂n-√ AYhm hbv°m-\n-√. Hcp aq∂mw

ap∂-Wn-sb-∏-‰n-t∏mepw ]d-bm-\m-ImØ KXn-tI-Sn-te-

°mWv AXv FØn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. tIm¨{Kkv _n sP

]n CXc apJy-a-{¥n-am¿ aq∂mw ap∂-Wn°p {ian-°ptºmƒ

AXn¬t∏mepw ap≥ssI C√mØ Ahÿbnte-°mWv

kn ]n sF (Fw) FØn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. s]mXphn¬

hcpw-Im-eØp t\cn-Sm≥ t]mIp-∂ -Iq-Sp-X¬ Kpcp-

X-c-amb XI¿®-bpsS Nn{X-amWv c≠p ]m¿´n-I-fp-tSbpw

tIm¨{K-kp-Iƒ {]Xn^en-∏n-°p-∂-Xv.

Cu h¿j-amZyw \S-t°-≠n-bn-cp∂ kn]n sF (Fw

F¬) en_-td-js‚ F´mw tIm¨{Kkv sshIp-∂Xv

A©p \nbak`-I-fn-te-°p≈ sXc-s-Sp-∏p-

IƒsIm≠p am{X-a-√, adn®v F¥p cmjv{Sob kao-]-\-


amWv `mhn-bn-te°v Ah-X-cn-∏n-t°-≠-sX∂ Nn¥m-°pg-∏w-sIm-≠m-Wv.

2007 se AXns‚ Ggmw tIm¨{Kkns\

XpS¿∂v en_-td-js‚ aq∂n-sem-cp-`mKw AwKßfpw

t\XrXz \nc-bnse kJm-°fpw ssk≤m-¥nI

cmjv{Sob Imc-W-߃ aqew kwL-S\ hn´p-t]m-bn.

2007 \p tijw DØ¿{]-tZ-in¬ {]I-S-amb he-Xp-]£

hyXn-bm\w Ct∏mƒ en_-td-js‚ i‡n-tI-{μ-amb

_olm-dnepw i‡-am-Ip-∂p-≠v. CXn-s\ms° ImcWw

ssN\-bpsS tkmjy-enÃp ]mX-bn¬ \n∂p≈ hyXnbm\w

t]mepw AwKo-I-cn-°m-\m-hm-Ø-hn[w AXns‚

t\Xr-XzsØ _m[n-®n-cn-°p∂ he-Xp-]£ hyXn-bm-

\-am-sW∂v AwKo-I-cn-°m≥ AXp Iq´m-°p-∂n-√.

Cu ]›m-Ø-e-Øn-emWv kn ]n sF (Fw F¬)s‚

2011 \hw-_-dn¬ tN¿∂ H≥]Xmw tIm¨{K-kns‚

{]m[m\yw Xncn-®-dn-tb-≠-Xv. Ign 30 h¿j-ßfmbn

Gs‰-SpØ c≠mw temI bp≤-Øn\p apºp≈

ImesØ km{am-PyXz tNcnbpsS ]pØ≥ A[n-\nthi

sIm≈sb ]‰n ]T\w apt∂m-´p-h-bv°m\pw AXn-

\-\p-k-cn®v ]m¿´n ]cn-]m-Snbpw hnπh ]T-\hpw apt∂m-

´p-h-bv°m\pw ]m¿´n°p Ign-p. 1943-˛¬ tImant‚¨

]ncn®p hn´-Xns‚ Zpjv]-cn-Wm-a-߃ hne-bn-cpØn

\mev]-Xn-tesd cmPy-ß-fnse am¿IvknÃv ˛ se\n-\nÃv

kJmhv

2012 sabv

]m¿´n-Isf AWn-\n-cØn sFtIm¿ ( ICOR) cq]o-

I-cn-°p-∂-Xn¬ ap≥ssI FSp-°m≥ Ign-p. km¿ΔtZ-iob

Xe-Øn-ep≈ _‘-ßfpw ap≥ssI {]h¿Ø-

\-ßfpw hnI-kn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-t\m-sSm∏w AJn-te¥ym

ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ ]m¿´n sI´n-∏-Sp-°m\pw h¿§ ˛

_lp-P\ {]ÿm-\-߃ sI´n-∏-Sp-°p∂ {]h¿Ø\w

hnI-kn-∏n-°m\pw Ign-p. ]m¿´n-bp-tSbpw h¿§ ˛

_lp-P\ {]ÿm-\-ß-fp-tSbpw t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ \nch[n

{]t£m-`-߃ i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw Ign-p.

ssk≤m-¥nI cmjv{Sob kwL-S-\m -X-e-ß-fn¬

D≠mb apt∂-‰-߃ AJn-te¥ym ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬

IΩyq-Wnkvddp i‡n-I-fpsS sFIy tI{μ-ambn

amdm\pw ]m¿´n°p IcpØp \¬In.

Hcp `mKØv kn ]n sFbpsS 21-˛mw tIm¨{Kkpw

kn ]n sF(-Fw)s‚ 20-˛mw tIm¨{Kkpw en_-td-js‚

\S-°m≥ t]mIp∂ F´mw tIm¨{Kkpw Ahbvs°m∏w

kn ]n sF Fw (am-thm-bn-Ãv)s‚ Acm-

PI {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpw krjvSn-°p-∂ -Po¿Æ-Xbpw adp-

`m-KØv Ah-s°Xnsc ssk≤m-¥nI {]tbmK Xeß-fn¬

t]mcmSn apt∂-dp∂ kn ]n sF (Fw

F¬)s‚ Nn{Xhpw FSp-Øp-Im´n hºn® cmjv{Sob

Imsºbv≥ \S-Øm≥ F√m ]m¿´n {]h¿Ø-Icpw

ap∂n-´n-d-tß≠ ka-b-am-Wn-Xv.

]m¿´n cq]o-I-c-W-Zn\w

BN-cn-®p

kn ]n sF bpsS Xncp-جhmZ-Øn\pw kn ]n sF(Fw)‚ ]pØ≥ Xncp-جhm-Z-

Øn-\p-sa-Xnsc P\-Iob P\m-[n-]Xy ]mX-bn-eqsS apt∂dn C¥y-bn¬ P\m-[n-]-Xyhpw tkmjyen-khpw

ÿm]n-°pI F∂ e£y-tØmsS kn ]n sF(Fw-F¬) cq]wsIm≠Xv 1969 G{]n¬

22-\m-Wv. Cu Ign G{]n¬ 22\v AXp-{]-Imcw ]m¿´n cq]o-I-cn-®n´v 43 h¿jw XnI-p.

]pØ≥ sImtfm-Wn-b¬ Ime-L-´-Øn¬ km¿Δ-tZ-io-b-˛-tZ-iob kml-N-cy-ßsf kaq¿Øambn

hni-I-e\w sNbvXp-sIm≠v ]pXnb ]m¿´n ]cn-]m-Snbpw hnπh ]mXbpw 9˛mw tIm¨{K v

AwKo-I-cn-®p-I-gn ]›m-Ø-e-Øn-emWv Cu h¿jsØ ]m¿´n cq]o-I-cW Zn\w BN-cn-°p-

∂Xv F∂Xv hfsc {][m-c-s∏´ Imcy-am-Wv. ]m¿´n cq]o-I-c-W-Zn-\-amb G{]n¬ 22 kwÿm\

hym]-I-amb t]mÿ Imº-bn-t\msS BN-cn-°m-\mWv kn ]n sF(Fw-F¬) kwÿm-\-I-

Ωn‰nbpsS Xocp-am-\w. km{am-Py-Xz-Øns‚ ]pØ≥ A[n-\n-th-i-Øn\pw AXns‚ B[p-\nI

cq]-amb \h DZm-co-I-cWØn\psaXnsc P\-Iob P\m-[n-]Xy ]mX-bn¬ apt∂-dm\p≈ Blzm-

\amWv Cu Imº-bn-\n-eqsS ]m¿´n apt∂m´p h®-Xv.

19


s{]m^. sI. B¿. Nu[cn

Xncp-∏-Xnbnse {io shn-tS-izc B¿Svkv

tImtf-Pn¬ \S-°p∂ B{‘-{]-tZiv F°-tWm-anIv

Atkm-kn-tb-js‚ ap∏Xmw hm¿jn-I- ktΩ-f-\-

Øn\v A≤y-£X hln-°m≥ Ign--Xv F\n°v

e`n® _lp-a-Xnbmbn Rm≥ IW-°m-°p-∂p.

hnZym-`ym-k-Øn\pw kwkvIm-c-Øn\pw Xo¿∞m-S-\-

Øn\pw ChnSw {]i-kvX-am-Wv. Cu kwL-S-\-bpsS

BPohm\¥ AwKw F∂ \nebv°v Rm≥

CXns‚ {]h¿Ø\w hfsc Xm¬∏cytØm-sSbmWv

ho£n®p sIm≠n-cn-°p∂Xv. CXn¬ \S-

°p∂ ktΩ-f-\-ßfpw skan-\m-dp-Ifpw \ΩpsS

cmPy-Øp≈ kam-Im-eo\ hnj-b-ß-fp-ambn _‘s∏-´Xm-Wv.

CØcw hnj-b-ß-fn¬ ]s-SpØp

sIm≠v \ΩpsS anSp-°-∑m-cmb kmº-ØnI hnZ-

Kv≤cpw _p≤n-Po-hn-Ifpw hfsc hne-tb-dnb A`n-

{]m-b-߃ \¬Im-dp-≠v. CXv bphm-°-fmb Kth-j-

I¿°pw A≤ym-]-I¿°pw kmº-ØnI imkv{X

hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°pw hf-sc-tbsd KpWw sNøpw.

CXv s]mXp-P-\-߃°pw KpWw sNøpw. CXns\

i‡-amb Hcp hnZym-`ymk ÿm]-\-am°n am‰nb

CXns‚ kwLm-S-Isc Rm≥ A`n-\-μn-°p-∂p.

Fs∂ A≤y-£-\mbn sXcsSpØ CXns‚

sNb¿am-\mb s{]m.-sI.-F¬.-tam-l≥ dmhp-hnt\mSpw

Cu kwL-S-\-bpsS AwK-ß-tfmSpw Rm≥

\μn ]d-bp-∂p.

hnI-k-\-sa-∂Xv P\-ßsf e£y-am-°n-bm-bn-cn-

°-W-sa-∂-Xn-\m-emWv Rm≥ Cu hnjbw sXcs-Sp-Ø-Xv.

Ign \mev Zim-_vZ-ß-fmbn

Rm≥ CXn-\mbn {]Nm-cWw \SØns°m≠n-cn-°bm-Wv.

2

hnI-k\w ˛ P\-ß-fpsS ImgvN-∏mSv

hnhn[ ImgvN-∏m-Sp-I-fn¬ \n∂mWv hnI-k-

\sØ hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂-Xv. `c-W-h¿§-Øn-s‚bpw

AXns\ ]n¥p-W-bv°p∂ _p≤o-Po-hn-I-fp-sSbpw

hnI-k\ ImgvN-∏m-Sp-I-fn¬ \n∂v hyXy-kvX-amWv

P\-Iob ImgvN-∏m-Sv. Hcp P\m-[n-]Xy kaq-l-

Øn¬ P\-Iob hnI-k-\-Øn-\mWv IqSp-X¬

20

\h DZm-co-I-cWØns‚

c≠p ]Xn-‰m-≠p-Iƒ

kJmhv

2012 sabv

{]m[m-\yhpw {]k-‡n-bpw. hnim-em¿∞-Øn¬ P\ß-fpsS

hnI-k-\hpw hnin-jvS-X-e-Øn¬ D¬∏mZ-\i-‡n-I-fpsS

hnI-k-\-hp-am-bn-cn-°Ww bYm¿∞

P\-Iob hnI-k-\w. hnI-k\ {]{In-b-bn¬

Dƒs°m-≈p∂ ZuXy-߃ C\n-∏-d-bp-∂-h-bmWv:

� _lp-`q-cn-]£w P\ßfp-sSbpw Pohn-X-Ønepw

PohnX kml-N-cy-ß-fnepw t\´w

� a\p-jys‚ {]hrØn aWvU-e-Øn-se-hn-sSbpw

Xpey Ah-k-c-߃ krjvSn-°pI

� hc-hnepw kzØnepw XpeyX Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp-I.

[\n-Icpw Zcn-{Zcpw XΩnep≈ hyXymkw

Ipd®p sIm≠p hcnI

� P\-ßfpsS e£y-ßfpw A`n-em-j-ßfpw

]q¿ØoIcn-°pI

� A¥-t mSp IqSn kpJ-I-chpw sFiz-cy-I-chpw

kt¥m-j-I-chpw kam-[m-\-]-c-hp-amb PohnXw

\bn-°m≥ P\-ßsf Ign-hp-‰-h-cm-°p-I.

� a\p-jym-h-Im-i-ßsf kwc-£n-°p-Ibpw _lpam-\n-°p-Ibpw

]n¥p-W-bv°p-Ibpw sNøpI

� ]cn-ÿnXnbv°v kwc-£Whpw DtØ-P-\hpw

\¬IpI

� hnI-k-\-Øns‚ t]cn¬ IpSn-sbm-gn-∏n-°¬,

\in∏n-°¬, Poh-lm\n F∂nh \SØp∂Xv

XS-bpI

� kaql-Ønse a\p-jy-_-‘-ß-sfbpw am\-hn-I-

X-sbbpw DtØ-Pn-∏n-°pI

� Nqj-W-an-√mØ kaXz temI-sØ krjvSn-

°pI

3

P\-Iob ImgvN∏m-Snep≈ hnI-k-\-Øns‚

kqNI-߃

P\-Iob ImgvN-∏mSpIsfbpw s]mXp \ne-

]mSpIsfbpw IW-°n-seSpØp sIm≠v Xmsg∏-dbp∂

LS-I-ßsf ASn-ÿm-\-s∏-SpØn Nne kqN-

I-߃ Dcp-Øn-cnp h∂n-´p≠v:


1. aXn-bmb `£-W-Øn\pw t]mj-Im-lm-c-Øn\pw

{]m]vXnbp≈ G‰hpw Zcn-{Z-cmb P\-߃

samØw P\-kw-Jy-bpsS F{X iX-am\w hcpw

F∂-Xv. ]´n-Wn, hni∏v, t]mj-Im-lm-c-°p-d-hv

F∂nh F{X-tØmfw ]cn-l-cn-°m≥ Ignp

F∂-Xv.

2. ip≤Pew, ]cn-kc ipNnXzw F∂o Pohn-Xm-hiy-߃

Zcn{Z P\-hn-`m-K-߃°v F{X-tØmfw

\¬Im≥ Ign-n-´p-≠v F∂-Xv.

3. hkv{X-Øn-s‚bpw ]m¿∏n-S-Øn-s‚bpw Ah-ÿ.

4. P\-ßfpsS Btcm-Ky-ÿn-Xn. sshZy-ku-I-cy߃,

Akp-J-߃ sIm≠p-≠m-Ip∂ A\m-tcm-

Kym-h-ÿ-I-fp-sSbpw ac-W-ß-fp-sSbpw \nc-°p-


5. kvIqƒ, tImtfPv hnZym-`ym-k-߃°p≈ kuIcyw.

]T\w \n¿Øp-∂-h-cpsS IW-°v.

6. sXmgn¬ e`y-X-bn-ep-≠m-Ip∂ h¿≤-\-hv. ]c-kyam-bXpw

A√m-Ø-Xp-amb sXmgn-en-√m-bva-bpsSbpw

sXmgn¬®p-cp-°-Øn-s‚bpw IW-°v.

7. hnhn[ h¿§-߃°n-S-bn-ep≈ hcp-am-\-Øn-ep≈

A¥-cw.

8. Zmcn-{Zy-Øn-ep-≠m-Ip∂ Ipd-hv.

9. {Kma-ß-fn-te°pw BZn-hm-kn-ta-J-e-I-fn-te°pw

D≈ sshZyp-Xn, tdmUv, IΩyqWnt°-j≥

kuI-cyw.

10. Zcn-{Z-cpsS Bhiy߃ \nd-th-‰m-\p≈ km[-\ß-fpsS

D¬∏m-Z-\-tØm-Xv. Zcn-{Z¿°v Ah

hmßm-\p≈ Ign-hv. Zcn-{Z-cpsS PohnX \ne-hmcw.

11. P\-ß-fpsS Bfl-l-Xy-Iƒ. Zcn-{Zsc Zpcn-X-Ønem-gvØp∂

kmº-ØnI {]Xn-k-‘n.

12. P\-ß-fpsS kmaqlnI-˛-km-º-ØnI, kmwkvImcnI

hnI-k-\w.

13. Zcn-{Z-hn-`m-K-ß-fpsS D¬∏mZ-\m-Sn-Ø-d-bn-ep-≠m-

Ip∂ hnI-k-\w.

14. kmº-Øn-Im-\pIqeyßfpw s]mXp-hn-X-cW

k{º-Zm-b-hpw.

4

`c-W-h¿§ D∂-X-∑m-cp-sSbpw `c-W-IqS

_p≤nPohn-I-fpsSbpw hnI-k\ kqN-I-߃

`uXnI hkvXp°fpsS D¬∏m-Z-\w, tkh-\߃,

D∂X hn`m-K-ß-fpsS kpJhpw BUw-_-c-hp-amb

Bh-iy-߃ \n¿Æ-bn-°m-\p≈ B`y-¥c hnIk\w,

[\-k-am-l-c-Ww, [\n-I¿°v sa®-s∏´ hnZym-

`ym-k, BtcmKy kuI-cy-߃, kaq-l-Ønse Hcp

sNdnb hn`m-K-Øns‚ PohnX \ne-hmcw Db¿Ø¬

CsXm-s°-bm-Wv. ta¬∏-d hn`m-K-ß-fpsS hnIk\

kqN-I-߃ Xmsg-∏-d-bp-∂-h-bmWv:

1. PnUn]n (Gross Domestic Product)

kJmhv

2012 sabv

2. PnknF^v (Gross Capital Formation)

3. F≥kn-Fkv (Net Capital Stock)

4. PnUn-]n-bpsS hf¿®m \nc°v

5. hnhn[ hn`m-K-߃ Xncn-®p≈ hf¿®m \nc-°p-


a. Irjn:

� ÿew, D¬∏m-Z-\w, D¬∏m-Z-\-£-aX

� \n¿Ωn-®n-cn°p∂ dnk¿thm-b-dp-I-fpsS FÆhpw

hen-∏hpw

� Pe-e-`y-X-bpsS IW°v

� ÿm]n-X-amb \nb{¥n-X- Itºm-f-߃

b. hymh-km-bnI hn`mKw

� hymh-km-bnI hf¿®m \nc°v

� hyh-km-b-߃ ÿm]n°s∏-Sp-∂-Xns‚ IW°v

�- Nne hymh-km-bnI D¬∏∂-߃ \n¿Ωn-®Xv ˛

ImdpIfpsS FÆhpw Xchpw ˛ Ccp-N-{I-hm-l-\߃,

hnam-\-߃, Fb¿ I≠o-j-\-dp-Iƒ,

Iºyq-´-dp-Iƒ, hmjnwKv sajo\pIƒ, sSen-hnj≥

sk‰p-Iƒ F∂n-h-bpsS IW°v

c. tkh-\-ta-J-e-Iƒ

� tlm´¬, Sqdnkw, hnt\mtZm]m-[n-Iƒ XpS-ßnbh

� hnam-\-ß-fpsS {]h¿Ø-\-߃ ˛ Btcm-Kyhpw

hnZym-`ym-khpw

d. B`y¥c `uXnI kuI-cy-ß-ƒ

� sshZyp-tXm¿Pw D¬∏m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xns‚

IW-°v, hnam-\-Øm-h-f-ß-fp-sSbpw Xpd-ap-J-ßfp-sSbpw

FÆw ˛ tdmUp-Ifpw sdbn¬th

sse\p-Ifpw ˛ sI´n-S-߃ \n¿Ωn-®Xv ˛ sSen-

°-Ωyq-Wn-t°-j\pIƒ

6. _m≤y-Xm-]-cn-lmcØn-\p≈ Ignhv

7. ss^\m≥jy¬ Itºm-f-߃, _mn-ßv,

C≥jp-d≥kv XpS-ßn-b-h.

8. \nt£]w

9. hntZi hn\n-ab \o°n-bn-cp∏pIƒ ˛ _me≥kv

Hm^v t]bvsa‚ vkv, {]Xy£ hntZi \nt£]w

XpS-ßn-bh

10. C¥y-bpsS hntZi hmWnPyw (Ib-‰p-a-Xnbpw

Cd-°p-a-Xnbpw)

ta¬∏-d coXn-bnep≈ kqN-I-߃

C\nbpap≠v.Cu kqN-I-߃ bYm¿∞Øn¬

P\ßfpsS Ahÿ s]mXpthbpw Zcn-{Z-cpsS Ahÿ

hnti-jn®pw {]Xn-^-en-∏n-°p-∂-XmtWm F∂-

XmWv hnj-bw.

5

\h DZm-co-I-c-W-Øn≥ Iogn-ep≈ hnI-k\w

Ign c≠p Zim_vZß-fmbn C¥y-bn¬ kzIm-cy-

21


h¬°-c-Whpw BtKm-foIcWhpw Dƒs°m≈p∂

\h DZm-co-I-cWw \S-∏m-°-s∏-´n-cn-°bmWv. LS-\m-]c-amb

]cn-jvI-cW ]cn-]mSn F∂ \ne-bn-emWv CXdn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv.

Ggp Imcy-ßfmWv apJyambpw CXnep-≈-Xv.

1. hntZi hn\n-ab \nc°pIfpsS ]cn-jvI-c-Ww.

2. Cd-°p-a-Xn-I-fpsS DZm-co-I-cWw

3. \nIpXn k{º-Zm-b-Øns‚ ]cn-jvI-cWw

4. ssek≥kp-Iƒ, s]¿an-‰p-Iƒ F∂n-h-bpsS

k¿°m¿ \nb-{¥Ww \n¿Ø-em-°¬

5. [\-Im-cy-ta-J-e-bnse ]cn-jvI-c-W-߃

6. s]mXptaJem bqWn‰pIfpsS \nt£-]-߃

]n≥h-en-°¬

7. hntZi \nt£-]-ß-fpsS Hgp°n\v hgnsbmcp°¬

Ign c≠p Zim-_vZ-am-bn-´p≈

hnI-k\ amXr-Ibv°v \h DZm-co-I-cWw ASn-

Ød ]mIn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Ct∏mƒ Ah P\߃s°{X

{]tbm-P\w sNbvsX∂p hne-bn-cp-

Øm-\p≈ ka-b-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

kº-ZvL-S-\-bn¬ Im¿jnI taJ-e, hymh-kmbnI

taJ-e, tkh\ taJe F∂o taJ-e-I-fnep≠mbn-´p≈

hnI-k-\hpw AXv P\-ß-fn¬ D≠m-

°n-bn-´p≈ kzm[o-\-ßfpw Xmsg-∏-d-bp∂ coXn-bnemWv:

ssN\ Ign-m¬ temIØv G‰hpw thK-Øn¬

hf¿∂p sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ kmº-ØnI taJe C¥ybn-emWp≈Xv.

2009¬ temI- icm-icn hf¿® Xmtgm-

´m-bn-cp∂p ˛0.8%. AtX kabw ssN\-bp-sSbpw

C¥y-bp-sSbpw hf¿® bYm-{Iaw 8.7 iX-am-\hpw 5.6

iX-am-\hpw Bbncp∂p. 2010¬ C¥y≥ kmº-ØnI

\ne 7.2 iX-am\w hf¿∂p. AtX kabw temI

hf¿® 3.9 iX-am\w hf¿®m \nc-°mWv ssIhcn®-

Xv.

C¥ybpsS PnUn]n 1988¬ 93.1 iX-tImSn

tUmf-dmbncp-∂Xv 1998¬ 416.3 iX-tImSn tUmfdmbn

h¿≤n-®p. 2007 BIp-tºm-tgbv°pw AXv

h¿≤n®v 1176.9 iX-tImSn tUmf-dm-bn IpXn-®p-b¿∂p.

hcpw h¿j-ß-fn¬ C¥y≥ kmº-Øn-Im-hÿ 8

apX¬ 9 aSßv h¿≤n-°p-sa-∂mWv {]Xo-£n-°p-∂-Xv.

1. Irjn

\h DZm-co-I-cW Ime-L-´-Øn\p apºv Im¿jnI

cwK-Øp-≠m-bn-cp∂ hf¿® 3.37 iX-am-\-am-bn-cp∂p.

\h DZmco-I-cW Ime-L-´-amb 1993-˛2006 thf-bn¬

AXv 1.73 iX-am-\-ambn Ipd-p. 2007˛08¬

Im¿jnI cwKhpw A\p-_‘ hn`m-K-ßfpw 4.7 iXam\w

hf¿∂p. 2008-˛2009¬ hf¿® 1.6 iX-am-\-ambn

Ipds-n¬ 2009-˛10¬ AXv 0.2 iX-am-\-ambn

Npcp-ßn-.

PnUn-]n-bnep≠mb CSn-hn-t\-°mƒ hfsc thK-

Øn-emWv hnf-I-fpsS D¬∏m-Z\w Ipd--Xv. PnUn]n

22

kJmhv

2012 sabv

F∂Xv \ap°v In´p∂ D¬∏-∂-Øn¬ \n∂v AXn-

\mbn sNe-h-gn-®Xv Ipd®p In´p∂ A[nI aqeyamWv.

F∂m¬ bYm¿∞-Øn-ep≈ ^eamWv hnf-I-fpsS

D¬∏m-Z-\-Øn-eqsS {]ISamIp∂Xv. 1996-˛97 Ime-

L´w apX¬ 2003-˛04 hsc-bp≈ L´-Øn¬ Im¿jnI

^e-ß-fn-ep-≠mb hogvN {]I-S-am-Wv. hnf-I-fpsS

Imcy-Øn¬ hf¿®-b√ hogvN-bmWv hmkvX-h-Øn¬

D≠m-b-Xv.

]b-dp-h¿§ kky-ß-fpsSbpw FÆ hnØp-°fpsSbpw

D¬∏m-Z-\-Ønepw D¬∏m-Z-\-£-a-Xbnepw

D≠mb hogvN BimP\-I-am-Wv. hfsc Ipd®p

cmPy-߃ am{Xta ]b-dp-h¿§-߃ D¬∏m-Zn-∏n®p Ib-

‰p-aXn sNøp-∂p≈q F∂p-≈Xp sIm≠v \ap°v AXv

Cd-°p-aXn sNøm-\p≈ km≤y-X-Iƒ ]cnanXamWv.

1990-˛93¬ 14.4 iX-am-\-am-bn-cp-∂Xv 2003-˛06¬ 12 iXam-\-ambn

Ipd-p. samØw ^e-ß-fn¬ ]b-dp-h¿§ß-fpsS

Hmlcn 6.8¬ \n∂v 5.8 Bbn Ipdp.

A¥m-cmjv{S hne am‰-ß-fpsS BLm-X-߃ ]cp-

Øn, ]b-dp-h¿§ I¿j-I¿ A\p-`-hn°pI-bp-≠m-bn

F∂v `√bpw knßpw (2009) Nq≠n-°m´pIbp≠mbn.

Im¿jn-I-cw-KØv hf¿®sb aμo-`-hn-∏n® LS-Ißsf

C\n hcp∂ JWvUn-I-I-fn¬ ]cn-tim-[n°mw:

a. Irjnbv°v th≠n-bp≈ \nt£]w:

Im¿jnI cwKsØ s]mXp-\n-t£]w sh´n-°p-dbv°-s∏-´Xv

\h DZm-co-I-cW \b-ß-fpsS ^e-am-bn-

´mWv. PnUn]n-bnse Im¿jnI \nt£]w Ign 25

h¿j-ambn Ipdp sIm≠n-cn-°-bm-Wv. Ct∏mƒ

AXv tIhew 1.9 iX-am-\-am-Wv. CXv D¬∏m-Z-\sØ

Ipd-bv°p-Ibpw X¬^-e-ambn hne-Iƒ IpXn-®p-b-cp-

Ibpw sNbvXp. AtX kabw P\-߃ hm߬

Ignhv Xmgv∂p Xs∂ XpS-cp-I-bm-Wv.

b. apc-Sn®p sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ D¬∏m-Z\ ASn-Ød

apc-Sn® D¬∏m-Z\ ASn-Ø-d-bmWv Im¿jn-I-cwKw

]nt∂m-´-Sn-bv°m-\p≈ Imc-Ww. Irjn-bn-S-Øns‚

hnkvXo¿Æw 1990-˛91 Ime-b-fhn¬ 143 Zi-e£w

slIvS¿ Bbn-cp-∂Xv 2003-˛04 Ime-b-fhn¬ AXv

140.9 Zi-e£w slIvS¿ Bbn Npcp-ßn. \mKcnIh¬°c-Ww,

hymh-km-bnIh¬°-c-Ww, skkv

XpS-ßnb Bh-iy-߃°mbn Im¿jnI `qan hn\ntbm-Kn-°-s∏-´-Xns‚

^e-am-bn-´mWv C{]-Imcw Npcpßn-b-Xv.

1999-˛2000¬ 57.1 Zi-e£w slIvS¿ `qan Pe-tk-

N-\-tbm-Ky-am-bn-cp-s∂-n¬ 2003-˛04 Bb-t∏mƒ 55.1

Zi-e£w slIvS¿ `qan-bmbn Npcp-ßn. AXns‚ ^eambn

hnf-I-fn¬ 2˛3 Cc´n t\´Øn\v km≤y-X-bp-≠mbn-SØv

1.35 am{X-amWv ^e-Øn-ep-≠m-b-Xv. hcƒ®bpsS

ImeØv `qK¿` Pe-Øn-ep-≠mb Ipdhpw Petk-N\

tbmKy-amb `qan skkn\pw dnb¬ FtÃ-

‰n\pw a‰pw am‰n D]-tbm-Kn-®-Xpw Cu Ipd-hn\v Imc-

W-ambn.

c. hmWn-Py-hy-h-ÿ-Iƒ


\h DZm-co-I-c-W-Øn≥ Iogn¬ hmWn-Py-hy-h-ÿ-

Iƒ Irjnbv°v KpWw sNøp∂ coXn-bn-e-√. 1996-˛97

\pw 2003-˛04\pw CS-bn-ep≈ Ime-b-f-hn¬ Im¿jnI

hne-Iƒ Im¿jn-tI-Xc hne-Isf At]-£n®v 1.7 iXam\w

Ipd-p. hnØn\pw hf-Øn\pw hne IqSptºmƒ

Xs∂ D¬∏-∂-Øn\v hne Ipd-bp-Ibpw

sNbvXp. I¿j-I-¿ hne Ipd-bv°m≥ \n¿_-‘n-X-cmhp-Ibpw

hnØpw hf-ßfpw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv Ipd-b-

°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. CXv D¬∏m-Z-\sØ \n›-e-am-°p-

∂-Xn-te°v \bn-®p.

2. hymh-km-bnI taJe

1991-˛02 Ime-L-´-Øn¬ icm-icn hymh-km-bnI

D¬∏m-Z\ hf¿® 6.6 iX-am-\-am-bn-cp-∂p. 1995-˛96

Ime-L-´-Øn¬ CXv 13 iX-am-\-ambn IpXn-®p-b¿∂p.

F∂m¬ XpS¿∂p≈ 7 h¿j-ß-fn¬ 2003-˛04 hsc

CXv Ipdp sImt≠bn-cp-∂p. ]n∂oSv \S∂

IpXn®p Nm´w XpS¿∂p≈ 5 h¿jw (2003-˛04 apX¬

2007-˛08 hsc) sIm≠h-km-\n-®p. \h DZm-co-IcW

thf-bnepw hymh-kmbnI cwKØv hf¿® XzcnX-s∏-´n-

√. F∂m¬ hymh-km-bnI sXmgn¬ cwKhpw D¬∏mZ-

\hpw Xf-cp-I-bp-≠m-bn-√. hymh-km-bn-I-h¬°-c-W-

Øn\v \h DZm-co-I-cWw Hcp Xncn-®-Sn-b-√. .]t£,

BcmWv hymhkmbnI hf¿® sIm≠v t\´w

sImbvXXv F∂ tNmZyw Ah-ti-jn-°p-∂p. \nb-¥-

W-hn-ap-‡-am-°¬, s]mXp tÃm°v FIvkvt®-©p-Ifnse

Hml-cn-Iƒ ]n≥hen°¬, hntZi \nt£-]߃

t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°¬ XpS-ßn-bh tIm¿∏-td-‰p-

Iƒ°pw _lp-cm-jv{S-°p-Ø-I-Iƒ°p-amWv KpWw

sNbvX-Xv.

3. tkh\ taJe

\h DZm-co-I-cW Ime-L-´-Øn¬ tkh\ taJe

h≥ hf¿®-bmWv ImgvN sh®-Xv. 1995-˛96 apX¬ 2009-

˛10 hscbp≈ Ime-b-f-hn¬ tkh\ taJe 5.5 iXam-\-Øns‚

ÿnc-amb hf¿®bmWv ImgvN sh®-Xv.

Im¿jnI taJ-e-bnse 2.63 iX-am\ \nc-°n-t\-°mƒ

IqSpXem-Wv CXv. C¥y-bpsS PnUn-]n-bn-¬ tkh\

taJ-e-bpsS ]v 64 iX-am-\-am-Wv. F∂m¬ Cu

taJ-e-bn¬ sXmgn¬ e`y-X-Iƒ IpdhmWv. a‰p taJe-I-fpsS

hf¿®-tbbpw hntZi Bh-iy-ß-sfbpw

B{i-bn-®mWv Cu taJe \ne-sIm-≈p-∂-Xv. tlm´ep-Iƒ,

dtÃm-d‚p-Iƒ, ss^\m≥kv, C≥jp-d≥kv,

dnb¬ FtÉv XpS-ßnb D] taJ-e-I-fn-emWv CXv

tI{μo-I-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

B`y-¥c kwhn-[m-\-߃:

sSen-°-Ωyq-Wn-t°-j≥ taJ-e-bn¬ C¥y h≥hn-

P-b-amWv ssIhcn®-Xv. [\-Im-cy-ta-J-e-bnse DZm-co-IcWw

hmkvXhØn¬ P\-ß-fn-te°v FØn-t®¿∂n-√.

Du¿P-cwKw {]Xn-k-‘n-Isf A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn®p

sIm≠n-cn-°-bm-Wv. B`y-¥c hnIm-k-߃°v

Dt∑jw \¬Im≥ \h DZm-co-I-cW {]{In-b-Iƒ ]cm-

P-b-s∏-´p.

1. I¿j-I-sØm-gn-em-fn-I-fpsS hcp-am\w:

kJmhv

2012 sabv

Im¿-jnI D¬∏m-Z\w sa®-s∏-SmsX \ne-sIm-≈p-

∂p-sh-nepw Im¿jn-I-cw-K-Øp≈ sXmgn¬ i‡n

h¿≤n®p sIm≠m-Wn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. CXns‚ ^e-ambn

{]Xn-I¿jI D¬∏m-Z\ hf¿® 0.28 iX-am-\-sa∂

\ne-bn¬ 1993-˛94 apX¬ 2003-˛04 hsc-bp≈ Ime-b-fhn¬

kvXw`n-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. Xo¿®-bmbpw 1999-

˛2000sØ At]-£n®v 2004-˛05 Ime-L-´-Øn¬ {]Xn-

I¿jI D¬∏m-Z\w Ipd-hm-Wv. 2000\pw 2005\pw CSbn-ep≈

Ime-b-f-hn¬ I¿j-I-sØm-gn-em-fn-I-fpsS

hcp-am-\-Øn¬ am‰-sam-∂p-ap-≠m-bn-√. hcp-am-\-Øn¬

D≠mb sNdnb h¿≤-\-hn-t\m-sSm∏w sXmgn¬ Zn\ß-fpsS

FÆ-Øn¬ Ipd-hp-≠m-bn.

2. I¿j-I-cpsS ISw: F≥-F-kv-F-kvHm(NSSO)

dnt∏m¿´v {]Imcw ]Ip-Xn-tbmfw I¿j-Icpw IS-s°-

Wn-bn-em-Wv.

3. I¿jI Bfl-l-Xy-Iƒ: hnI-k-\-sa∂

t]cn¬ \S-∏m-°nb ]cn-]m-Sn-I-fpsS ^e-ambn I¿j-

I¿°v Atß-b-‰sØ Zpcn-Xhpw ]oV-\hpw A\p-`hn-t°≠n

hcn-Ibpw PohnXØn¬ {]Xymi \jvSs∏´v

Ah¿ Bfl-l-Xy- sXc-s-Sp-°p∂ Ah-ÿbn-te°v

FØn-t®-cp-Ibpw sNbvXp. temI-N-cn-{X-

Øn¬ Hcn-°epw D≠mbn-´n√mØ hn[-Øn-ep≈ Xc-

Øn-ep≈ `oa-amb FÆ-amWv I¿jI Bfl-l-XybpsS

Imcy-Øn¬ D≠m-bXv. \mj-W¬ ss{Iwkv

sdt°m¿Uvkv _yqtdmbpsS IW°p {]Imcw 1995-

˛2010 Ime-L-´-Øn¬ 2,56,913 I¿j-I-cmWv BfllXy

sNbvX-Xv. B{‘, B mw, I¿Æm-S-I, tIcfw,

a≤y-{]-tZ-iv, alm-cm-jv{S, Xan-gv\m-Sv, DØ¿{]tZiv,

]›n-a-_w-Kmƒ F∂o kwÿm-\-ß-fn-emWv

I¿j-I-cpsS Bfl-l-Xy-Iƒ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬

tI{μo-I-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. I¿jI Bfl-l-Xy-Iƒ

XpS¿∂p sImt≠-bn-cn-°p∂p F∂Xv {it≤-b-am-Wv.

B{‘-bnse Bdp Pn√-I-fn¬ 95 I¿j-I¿ Hcp amk-

Øn-\p-≈n¬ Bfl-lXy sNbvXp. 2011se HIvtSm-

_¿˛\-hw-_¿ amk-ß-fn¬ B{‘-bn¬ \nc-h[n

Bfl-l-Xy-Iƒ dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXn-´p-≠v.

4. t]mj-Im-lm-c-°p-dhpw t]mj-I-ssh-I-eyßfpw:

hnI-k-\-sa¥p Xs∂-bm-bmepw _lp-`q-cn-]£w

P\-ßfpw Ct∏mgpw t]mj-Im-lmc°pdhpw t]mjI

sshI-ey-ßfpw A\p-`-hn®p sIm≠n-cn-°-bm-Wv.

Itemdn D]-t`mKw 1993-˛94-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xn-t\-°mƒ

106 Itemdn {Kma-{]-tZ-i-ß-fnepw 51 Itemdn \K-c-ßfnepw

Ipd-hmWv 2004-˛2005 Bb-t∏m-gp-≠m-bXv. {Kma-

{]-tZ-i-ß-fn¬ 5 iX-am-\hpw \K-c-{]-tZ-i-ß-fn¬ 2.5

iX-am-\hpw Ipd-hp-≠m-bn.

2004-˛05¬ cmPysØ aq∂n¬ c≠v P\-hn-`m-K߃°pw

tZiob Bh-iy-I-X-tb-°mƒ Xmsg-bmWv

Itemdn D]-t`mKw D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. hnI-knX

temIsØ icm-icn D]-t`mKw C¥y-bp-tS-Xn-t\-

°mƒ hfsc IqSp-X-em-Wv. 1994¬ temI-i-cm-icn

2718Dw hnI-knX cmPy-ß-fnse icm-icn 3206Dw hnI-

23


kzc cmPy-ß-fp-tSXv 2573Dw Bbn-cp-∂p. C¥y-bpsS

Itemdn D]-t`mKw 2039 am{X-am-bncp∂p. CXv

]ns∂bpw Ipdp sIm≠n-cn-°-bm-Wv. t{]m´o≥

D]t`mKw C¥y-bn¬ Ipd-hm-Wv. CXns‚ ^e-ambn

t]mj-Im-lm-c-°p-dhv A\p-`-h-s∏-Sp-∂p. 1993˛94

apX¬ 2004-˛05 Ime-b-f-hn¬ t{]m´os‚ Afhn¬ 5

iX-am\w Ipd-hp-≠m-bn. CXns‚ ^e-ambn 5 hbn\v

Xmsg-bp≈ Ip´n-I-fn¬ ]IpXn t]¿°pw 58

iX-am\w kv{XoIƒ°pw hnf¿®-bpsS Akp-J-ap-≠v.

A¿≤-]-´nWn aqew \nc-h[n ]´nWn ac-W-߃

dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXn-´p-≠v. ]›n-a-_w-Km-fn¬ Hmtcm

h¿jhpw 5 hb- n\v Iosg hcp∂ 50000 Ip´n-Iƒ

t]mj-Im-lm-c-°p-dhv sIm≠v ac-W-a-Sp sIm≠ncn°bm-sW∂v

dnt∏m¿´v sNø-s∏-´n-´p-≠v.

5. Zmcn{Zyw:

hnI-k\w Zmcn-{Zy-Øns‚ {]iv\w ]cn-l-cn-®n-´n-√.

Zmcn-{Zy-tc-J-bpsS k¬∏sØ Ipdn®v hnhn[ hnZ-

Kv≤¿ hnhn-[m-`n-{]m-b-߃ ]d-bp-∂ps≠-nepw 40

iX-am-\-sa-nepw P\-߃ C¥y-bn¬ Zmcn-{Zy-tc-

Jbv°v Iogn-em-sW∂ Imcy-Øn¬ GIm-`n-{]m-b-°mcm-Wv.

Zmcn-{Zy-Øns‚ \nc°p Ipd-bp∂ hm¿Ø \h

DZm-co-I-c-W-Øns‚ Ime-L-´-Øn¬ tIƒ°p-I-bp-

≠m-bn-√. cmPysØ Zcn-{Z-cpsS FÆw h¿≤n-°-bmWv

sNbvX-Xv. 50 tImSn-tbmfw P\-߃ C¥y-bn¬ Zcn-

{Z-cm-sW-∂mWv IW-°v. 3 tImSn-tbmfw P\-߃

sX≠n-I-fm-sW∂ Imcyw cmPy-Øn\v \mW-t°-Sm-

Wv.

6. sXmgn-en-√mbva:

sXmgn-en-√mbva AXn-`o-I-camw hn[w hf¿∂p

sIm≠ncn-°-bm-Wv. hnZym-`ym-k-ap≈ sXmgn¬ cln-XcpsS

FÆw 15 tImSn hcp-sa∂v IW-°m-°-s∏-´ncn°p∂p.

AtX kabw hnZym-`ym-k-an-√mØ

sXmgn¬ cln-X-cpsS FÆw 20 tImSn-bm-Wv. 10

tImSn-tbmfw inip-°-fmWv sXmgn-se-Sp-°p-∂-Xv.

1991¬ 5.6 iX-am-\-am-bn-cp∂ sXmgn-en-√mbva 2004¬

7.1 Bbn h¿≤n-®p. \mK-cnI taJ-e-I-fnse kv{XoIfpsS

sXmgn-en-√mbva CtX Ime-b-f-hn¬ 10.5¬ \n∂v

11.7 Bbn h¿≤n®p.

7. ASn-ÿm\ kuI-cy-߃:

2005 G{]n-en-ense HutZym-KnI IW-°-\p-k-cn®v

42 iX-am\w hcp∂ Xt±i hmkn-Iƒ°v IpSn-h≈w

icm-icn 1.6 Intem-ao-‰¿ Np‰-f-hn-em-Wp-≈-Xv. 2002se

IW-°-\p-k-cn®v {Kma-{]-tZ-i-ß-fnse ]Ip-Xn-tbmfw

hoSp-I-fn¬ sshZypXn FØn-bn-´n-√. IpSnsh-≈hpw

sshZyp-Xn-hn-f-°p-Ifpw ae-hn-k¿P\ kuI-cy-ßfpw

H∂n®p≈ {Kmao-W-ho-Sp-Iƒ Hº-Xn-sem∂p

am{Xtabq≈q.

\K-c-ß-fnse tNcn-I-fnse PohnXw a\p-jy-Xz-

Øn\v \nc-°p-∂-X-√. IpSnsh-≈hpw sshZyp-Xn-hn-f-

°p-Ifpw ae-hn-k¿P\ kuI-cy-ßfpw H∂n®p≈

tNcn-`-h-\-߃ 15 iX-am\w am{X-am-Wv.

24

kJmhv

2012 sabv

8. hnZym-`ymkw:

PnUn-]n-bpsS 6 iX-am-\-sa-nepw hnZym-`ym-k-Øn-

\p≈ sNehn-\mbn \o°n-sh-bv°p-sa∂v 2004se

tZiob s]mXp an\naw ]cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ {]Jym]n-®p.

F∂m¬ hmkvX-h-Øn¬ AXns‚ ]IpXn t]mepw

D≠m-bn-√. AtX kabw kzImcy sNe-hp-I-ƒ

PnUn]n-bpsS 5 iX-am\w hsc h¿≤n-®n-´p-ap-≠v.

kzIm-cy-kvIq-fp-I-fnepw kzImcy tImtf-Pp-I-fnepw

kzImcy Syqj-\p-ambn ]mh-s∏´ P\-߃ ^okv ASbv°m≥

\n¿_-‘n-X-cm-bn-cn-°-bm-Wv. Cu ^okv ASbv°m≥

Ign-hn-√mØ Zcn-{Z-cmb Ip´n-Iƒ°v hnZym-

`ymkw \ntj-[n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p.

9. BtcmKyw:

PnUn-]n-bpsS 1 iX-am-\-Øn¬ Xmsg hcp-∂ XpIbmWv

Btcm-Ky-]-cn-]m-e-\-Øn-\mbn \o°n-sh-bv°-s∏-

Sp-∂- -Xv. 2008-˛09 ImeØv tI{μ hnlnXw PnUn-]nbpsS

0.35 iX-am\w am{Xambncp∂p. CXv P\-ßsf

Igp-Ø-d-°p∂ kzIm-cy-ta-J-esb Xß-fpsS Btcm-

Ky-]-cn-]m-e\ Bh-iy-߃°mbn kao-]n-°m≥

\n¿_-‘n-®p.

10. [\n-Icpw Zcn-{Zcpw XΩn-ep≈ A¥cw-:

Ign c≠p Zim-_vZ-°m-e-ambn \S∂ hnI-k-\ß-fpsS

^e-ambn Zcn-{Zcpw [\n-Icpw XΩn-ep≈

A¥cw h¿≤n-°p-I-bmWv sNbvXn-´p-≈-Xv. A¿Pp≥

sk≥Kp]vX dnt∏m¿´v {]Imcw {]Xn-Zn\w 20 cq]-bn¬

Xmsg am{Xw hcp-am-\-ap≈ 77 tImSn P\-ß-fm-Wp-≈-

Xv.

11. kmº-ØnI tkh\ Zu¿e-`yX:

P\-ß-fpsS hnI-k-\-Øn\v hfsc {][m-\-s∏´

Imcy-amWv kmº-ØnI tkh-\-ß-fpsS e`y-X. 73

iX-am\w Irjn-bn-S-ß-fn¬ kmº-ØnI tkh-\-߃

e`y-am-bn√ F∂v cwK-cm-P≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´p

sNøp∂p.

12. {]mtZinI hn`n-∂-X-Iƒ:

kwÿm\ B`y-¥c D¬∏m-Z-I(-Pn-F-kvUn-]n)

samØ hf¿®m \nc°pw {]Xn-io¿j PnFkvUn]nbpw

hnhn[ kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ hyXy-kvX-am-

Wv. alm-cm-jv{S, KpP-dmØv XpS-ßnb kwÿm-\ßsf

At]-£n®v _olm¿, B mw, a≤y-{]-tZiv

F∂n-hn-S-ß-fnse PnF-kvUn]n hf¿®m \nc°v Ipdhm-Wv.

13. am\-h-hn-I-k\ kqNnI:

henb Ah-Im-i-hm-Z-ß-fp-b¿Øp-∂p-s≠-nepw

am\h hnI-k\ kqNnIbn¬ C¥y-bpsS ÿm\w 134

BWv. C¥y-bnse icm-icn Bbp v 63.4 BWv.

aym¨am¿ Hgn®p \n¿Øn-bm¬ temI-Ønse G‰hpw

Xmgv∂XmWv. ]m°n-ÿm\pw t\∏mfpw _w•mtZipw

Hgn®p \n¿Øn-bm¬ C¥ybnse km£-cXm \nc°v

(66 iX-am-\w) G‰hpw Ipd-Xm-Wv. enwK-hn-th-N\

kqNn-Ibpw


(114) ]m°-ÿm\pw t\∏mfpw _w•m-tZipw am‰n

\n¿Øn-bm¬ G‰hpw IqSpX¬ C¥y-bn-em-Wv.

aym≥a¿, ]m°n-ÿm≥, t\∏mƒ, _w•m-tZiv F∂o

cmPy-ßsf am‰n \n¿Øn-bm¬ {]Xn-io¿j PnUn]n

G‰hpw Ipdhv C¥y-bv°mWv (2753 tUmf¿).

6

hnI-k-\hpw hn\m-ihpw

a. hnI-k-\hpw Zcn-{Zh¬°-c-Whpw

hnI-k-\- -Øns‚ t]cn¬ Zi-e-£-°-W-°n-\m-fp-IfmWv

_ew {]tbm-Kn®p Xß-fpsS hmk-ÿm-\-ßfn¬

\n∂v IpSn-sbm-gn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. `c-W-h¿§-

Øn\v th≠n-bp≈ hnI-k-\-Øn-\m-bn-´mWv CØ-c-

Øn-ep≈ _ew {]tbm-Kn-®p≈ ]pd-Øm-°-ep-Iƒ.

P\-ß-fpsS D]-Po-h\w C√m-Xm-°n-s°m-≠mWv

h≥tXm-Xn¬ `qan- k¿°m-cp-Iƒ Gs‰-Sp-ØpXv Petk-N-\w,

Pe, Xm], BWh \ne-b-߃, saKm

hyh-km-b-߃, \K-c-h¬°-c-Ww, Xpd-ap-J-߃,

hnam-\-Øm-h-f-߃, FIvkv{] v sslth tdmUp-

Iƒ, skkp-Iƒ XpS-ßn-bh `cW-h¿§ t\Xm-°fpsS

kpJ-Po-hn-X-Øn\v th≠n-bp-≈-Xm-Wv. 30 Zie£w

`qan ta¬∏-d coXn-bn¬ X´n-sb-Sp-°-s∏´p

Ignp. Ign 64 h¿j-߃°n-S-bn¬ GXm≠v

40 Zi-e£w P\-߃ IpSn-sbm-gn-∏n-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v.

CØ-c-Øn¬ IpSn-sbm-gn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ Xß-fpsS

Pohn-X-Øns‚ `mK-am-bn-cp∂ s]mXp-t{kmX p-Ifn¬

\n∂v P\-߃ A\yh¬°cn-°-s∏´p. CØ-c-

Øn¬ P\-߃ Zmcn-{Zy-Øn-te°v X≈n-hn-S-s∏-´p.

CXv P\-ßsf ac-W-Øn-te°v hsc \bn-®n-´p-≠v.

b. hnI-k-\hpw {]IrXn hn`-h-ß-fpsS Nqj-

Whpw

`qan am{X-a-√ Pew, [mXp-e-h-W-߃, h\-߃

F∂nh IqSn km{am-PyXz i‡n-Ifpw Z√mƒ h¿§ßfpw

IqSn sIm≈-b-Sn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Ch P\-ß-fpsS

kzØv F∂ \nebv°v P\-߃°mWv CXns‚ ta¬

B[n-]Xyw th≠-Xv.

C¥y-bnse P\-߃, hnti-jn®v a≤y C¥ybnse

BZn-hm-kn-Iƒ h\-Ønepw ae-tbm-c-ß-fn-epap≈

Xß-fpsS t{kmX- p-I-fpsS Ah-Imiw \ne-

\n¿Øp-∂-Xn\v th≠n `c-WIqSØn-\pw km{am-Py-Xz-

Øn\pw AXns‚ IncmX ssk\y-Øn\pw FXnsc

hotcm-Nn-X-ambn t]mcm-Sn-s°m-≠n-cn-°-bm-Wv.

c. hnI-k-\hpw ]cn-ÿn-Xn-\m-ihpw

am\-h-cm-inbpsS A`n-hr-≤nbv°pw \ne-

\n¬∏n\pw Ah-iy-am-bn-´p≈ ]cn-ÿnXn hnI-k-\-

Øns‚ t]cn¬ XI¿°-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wv. am\-h-cmin

am{X-a√ kIe P¥p-Po-h-Pm-e-ßfpw Cu temI

]cn-X-ÿn-Xnbn¬ \n∂v kzX-{¥-c-√. aq∂p \mev

hnI-k\ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ \ap°v ]cn-tim-[n°mw:

1. Xm], BWh \ne-b-߃:

tkmwt]-´, I°-c-∏≈n {]tZ-i-߃ AS-ßp∂

{ioIm-Ipfw Pn√-bn¬ Hcp BWh \ne-bhpw Bdv

kJmhv

2012 sabv

Xm]-\n-e-bhpw ÿm]n-°m-\mWv \n¿t±-in-°-s∏-´n-cn-

°p-∂-Xv. apX-emfnØ i‡n-I-sfbpw _lp-cm-jv{S-

°p-Ø-I-I-sfbpw ]cn-]m-en-°p∂ `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚

Cu \o°-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃ {]Xn-tj-[-ØnemWv.

a¬ky-sØm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ AS-ßp∂ Bbn-c-°-

W-°n-\m-fp-I-fpsS Ahÿ `c-W-IqSw I≠ a´v \Sn-

°p-∂n-√. Xm]\n-e-b-߃ ]cn-ÿn-Xnbv°v tZmjw

D≠m-°p-Ibpw \nch[n Bfp-I-fpsS Btcm-KysØ

_m[n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Xm]-\n-e-b-ß-fn¬ e£-

°-W-°n\v S¨ I¬°-cn-bmWv IØp-∂-Xv. CXv

e£-°-W-°n\v S¨ Nmcw \nt£-]n-°p-∂p.

Im¿_¨ Utbm-Ivssk-Uv, kƒ^¿ Utbm-Ivssk-

Uv, ss\{SnIv HmIvssk-Uv, a‰p hnj hmbp-°ƒ

F∂nh A¥-co-£-Øn-te°v Xpd∂p hnSp-∂p.

Nmchpw ]pIbpw ]pdØp hnSp∂ B¿sk-\n-Iv,

t{Iman-bw, Cubw, ckw XpSßnb teml-߃

Im≥k-¿, lrt{Zm-K-߃, Npa-Iƒ, izmktImi

tcmK-߃, XzIv tcmK-߃ XpS-ßn-b-hbv°v Imc-Wam-hpw.

Xm]-\n-e-b-ß-fn-ep≈ sXmgn¬ km≤y-X-Iƒ

IpdhmWv.

2. BWh \ne-b-߃:

Xmsg-∏-d-bp∂ Imcy-߃ ]cn-tim-[n-°-s∏-tS-≠-

Xp≠v:

a. BWh \nebw hne Ipd Du¿P-a√

D¬∏m-Zn-∏n°p∂Xv.

b. samØw Du¿tPm-Xv]m-Z-\-Øns‚ c≠p iXam\w

am{X-amWv BW-thm¿Pw.

c. `ojWnbv°pw kΩ¿±-Øn\pw hgßnbmWv

k¿°m¿ BWh dnbm-IvSdpIƒ hmßp-∂ -Xv.

M. HSphn¬ h≥em`w sImøp-∂Xv Ata-cn-°bpw

{^m≥kp-am-Wv.

d. hfsc A]-ISw ]nSn-®-XmWv BWh

dnbmIvSdpIƒ

e. _Z¬ Du¿P t{kmX- p-Iƒ e`y-am-Wv.

2. Xoc-tZi ]mX:

s\√q¿ apX¬ {ioIm-Ipfw hsc 9 Pn√Ifnembn

\o≠p InS-°p∂ 1575 NXp-c{i Intemao‰¿

hnkvXo¿Æ-Øn¬ Xoc-tZi ]mX ÿm]n-°m≥

k¿°m¿ BtemNn-°p-∂p-≠v. Zi-e-£-W-°n\v

G°¿ `qan CXn-\mbn Gs‰SpØp Ign-p. hyhkm-b-߃,

Xpd-ap-J-߃, hnam-\-Øm-h-f-߃ XpSßn-bh

ChnsS ÿm]n-°m-\p-t±-in-°p-∂p. CXp-ambn

_‘-s∏´v P\-ßsf {Kma-ß-fn¬ \n∂v IpSn-sbm-gn-

∏n-°pw. Hcp tImSn I¿j-I¿, 40 e£w I¿j-IsØm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ,

80 e£w ap°p-h¿ F∂n-h¿ IpSnsbm-gn-∏n-°-s∏Spw.

Irjn samØ-ambn \in-∏n-°-s∏-

Spw. kap-{Z-a-S-°-ap≈ {]tZ-iØv ]cn-ÿn-Xnbv°v

tIm´w X´pw. CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ hnI-k\w `c-W-h¿§-

Øn\pw km{am-Py-Xz-Øn-\p-amWv {]tbm-P-\-s∏-Sp-I.

Cu {Iqc \mS-I-Øns‚ _en-bm-Sp-I-fmbn amdp-IbmWv

P\-߃.

25


7

hnI-k\w B¿°p th≠n?

\ΩpsS cmPyØv \nc-h[n Umap-Iƒ ÿm]n-°s∏-´n-´p≠v

F∂Xpw AXn-s‚bpw a‰p ]e LS-I- -ßfp-sSbpw

^e-ambn Im¿jnI cwKw ]ptcm-K-an-®n-

´p≠v F∂-Xpw Hcp hkvXp-X-bm-Wv. CS-Ø-cw,

h≥InS hyhkmb-߃ ÿm]n-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v.

tkh\ taJe Akm-[m-c-Wamw hn[w hnI-kn-®n-´p-

≠v. hmWn-Py-cwKw IpXn®p Nm´-Øn\v hnt[-b-am-bn-

´p-≠v. PnUn-]nbpw hf¿∂n-´p-≠v. C\nbpw [mcmfw

hnI-k\߃ \S-°m≥ t]mIp-∂p-sh-∂mWv ]d-bs∏-Sp-∂-Xv.

Cu hnI-k\w sIm≠v t\´w ssIh-cn-

°m≥ IgnbmsX t]mb P\-ßsf \mw I≠n-´p-≠v.

`qhp-S-a, apX-em-fn-Ø, km{am-PyXz i‡n-I-fmWv

CXns‚ t\´-߃ sImbvsX-Sp-°p-∂-Xv. CXn\v D]bp-‡-amIpw

hn[w `c-W-IqS \b-߃ am‰n-Øo¿°p-

∂p. \ΩpsS cmPysØ apX-em-fnØ i‡n-Iƒ

hntZi aqe-[-\-tØmSv hnt[-b-Xzhpw B{in-X-Xzhpw

kl-I-cW at\m-`m-hhpw {]Z¿in-∏n-°p∂p. \ΩpsS

B`y-¥-c-hpw sshtZ-in-I-hp-amb aqe-[\߃

XΩn¬ A¥-c-ap-≠v. km{am-PyXz i‡n-Iƒ \ΩpsS

kºØpw hnI-k-\hpw sIm≈-b-Sn-°p-I-bm-Wv.

Du¿Pw, Dcp-°v, sIan-°¬kv, KXm-K-Xw, Bib-hn-\n-abw,

B`y-¥c kuI-cy-߃ F∂nh

k¿°m-¿ apX-em-fnØ hyhkmb-߃°v \¬Ip-∂p-

≠v. aqe-[-\hpw hmbv∏-Ifpw a‰v klm-b-ßfpw `c-

W-IqSw Ah¿°v \¬Ip-∂p-≠v. hyh-km-bn-Iƒ°v

\nc-h[n Cf-hp-Ifpw tdmb¬‰n-Ifpw B\p-Iq-ey-ß-fpsams°

k¿°m¿ \¬Ip-∂p-≠v. CØ-c-Øn-emWv

hyh-km-b-߃ ÿm]n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Cßn-s\-bmWv

hnI-k\w \S-°p-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ hnI-k-\-Øns‚

t\´-߃ sshtZ-in-Ihpw B`y-¥-c-hp-amb apX-em-fnam¿,

tIm¿∏-td‰v Iº-\n-Iƒ, _nkn-\n- v-˛-hyhkmb

`h-\-߃, tIm¨{Sm-Iv‰¿am¿, Itºmf i‡n-Iƒ,

_lp-cm-jv{S-°p-Ø-I-Iƒ, km{am-PyXz i‡n-Iƒ

XpS-ßn-bh X´n-sb-Sp-°p-I-bm-Wv. ^yqU¬, apX-emfnØ,

km{am-PyXz i‡n-Iƒ°v KpWw sNøp∂

Xc-Øn-ep≈ ASn-Ød krjvSn-°p-I-bmWv C¥y≥

`c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚ DZm-co-I-c-W˛kz-Imcyh¬°c-

W˛BtKm-fo-I-cW \b-߃ sNbvX-Xv.

26

kJm-hn-¬ {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-Øn-\p≈

teJ-\߃, dnt∏m¿´pIƒ, IØp-Iƒ,

t^mt´m XpS-ßn-bh F√m amkhpw

25-\Iw FØn-t°-≠-Xm-Wv.

˛ ]{Xm-[n-]¿ ˛

Adn-bn∏v

kJmhv

2012 sabv

F∂m¬ C{]-Im-cw AwKo-I-cn-°-s∏´ hnI-k-\-am-

XrI hnhn[ P\-߃°n-S-bnepw hnhn[ kmº-ØnI

hn`m-K-߃°n-S-bnepw cmPy-Ønse hnhn[ {]tZ-i߃°n-S-bnepw

Ak-¥p-en-Xm-hÿ krjvSn-®n-´p-≠v.

aptº kqNn-∏n-®Xp t]mse ]´n-Wnbpw Zmcn-{Zyhpw

KW-\o-b-amb hn[-Øn¬ D≠v. P\-ß-fpsS Zmcn{Zyw

XpS®p am‰m≥ Ign-bm-Ø, P\-ß-fpsS Zpcn-X-߃°v

AdpXn hcp-Øm≥ Ign-bmØ CØcw hnI-k-\-]-cn-]m-

Sn-Iƒ P\-ß-fpsS t£a-sØ-b√ e£y-an-Sp-∂-Xv.

8

_Z¬ hnI-k\ am¿§-߃

kzm{ibXzw F∂ XXzsØ ASn-ÿm-\-am°n

thWw hnI-k-\-amXrI cq]-I¬∏\ sNtø-≠-Xv.

AXv P\ßfpsS Xm¬∏-cy-ßsf kwc-£n-°p-Ibpw

Ahsc D]-{Z-hn-°m-ØXpw Bbn-cn-°-Ww. P\-ß-fpsS

Bhiyßsf eIvjyan´p {]IrXn t{kmX- p-Isf

D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ hnI-k\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ BhnjvI-cn-°-bmWv

th≠-Xv. AXv `c-W-h¿§ D∂-X-cpsS

D]-t`mK XrjvWb√ e£y-an-tS-≠-Xv. I¿j-Isc

tI{μo-I-cn-®p≈ Im¿jnI hnI-k-\-am-Wv th≠-Xv.

AXv Xzcn-X-amb `q]-cn-jvI-c-W-Øns‚ `mK-am-h-Ww.

Btcm-Ky-]-cn-]m-e-\w, ]cn-kc ipNo-I-c-Ww, hnZym-

`ymkw F∂nhbv°v ap≥K-W\ e`n-bv°-Ww. ]cn-ÿn-

Xnbv°v ]c-am-h[n Ipd®p BLmXw krjvSn®p

sIm≠p am{Xta hnI-k\ {]{In-b-Iƒ ]mSp≈q.

J\-\hpw hyh-km-bhpw tIm¿∏-td-‰p-I-fp-sStbm

apX-em-fnØ i‡n-I-fp-sStbm _lp-cm-jv{S-°p-Ø-I-

I-fp-sStbm em`-Øn-\mbn´mh-cp-Xv. Ah hnti-jn®v

{]mtZ-inI P\-hn-`m-K-ß-fpsS Xm¬∏-cy-߃°v ap≥K-

W\ sImSp-Øn-´m-h-Ww. [mXp t{kmX- p-Iƒ

h≥tXm-Xn¬ NqjWw sNø-cp-Xv. am\-h-cm-in-bpsS

hcpw Xe-ap-d-Isf Ipdn-®p≈ t_m[w Ft∏mgpw

thWw. [mXp eh-W-߃ AXns‚ Akw-kvIrX

cq]-Øn¬ Ib‰n Ab-bv°m≥ ]mSn-√. km[m-cW P\ß-fpsS

ASn-ÿm\ Bh-iy-߃ ]cn-l-cn®p

sIm≠pthWw hyh-km-b-߃ ÿm]n-t°-≠-Xv. hchn-s‚bpw

kzØn-s‚bpw \√ coXn-bn-ep≈ hnX-c-WamWv

hnI-k\w sIm≠p-≠m-th-≠-Xv. hnI-k\w ka-

Xz-tem-I-Øn-\p≈ Im¬sh-bv∏mbn amtd-≠-Xm-Wv.

kJm-hv hcn-kwJy apS°w hcp-Øn-bncn-°p∂

hcn-°m¿ F{X-bpw-thKw

IpSn-»nI Xo¿t°-≠-Xm-Wv. IpSn-»nI

AS-bv°m-Ø-h¿°v ASp-Ø-e°w

apX¬ kJmhv Ab-bv°p-∂-X-√.

˛ amt\-P¿ ˛


am¿®v 29 \v U¬ln-bn¬

tN¿∂ {_nIvkv˛ {_ko¬, djy,

C¥y, ssN\, Z£n-Wm-{^n° F∂o

cmPy-ß-fpsS thZn˛ D®-tImSn

ap≥Im-esØ ktΩ-f-\-ßsf At]-

£n-®p- t\m-°p-tºmƒ Gsd hm¿Øm

{]m[m\yw ssIh-∂p-sh-∂Xv hkvXp-

X-bm-Wv. {_nIvkv cmPy-߃ temI

P\-kw-Jy-bpS 43 iX-am-\hpw temIhym-]m-c-Øns‚

18 iX-am-\hpw

BtKmf ^n\m≥kv aqe-[\ Cd-°pa-Xn-bpsS

53 iX-a-\hpw Dƒs°m-≈p-

∂p-sh-∂Xp Xs∂ Ah-bpsS IqSnt®-c-en\v

{]m[m\yw \¬Ip-∂p. Xncn-

®p-t]m-°n-√m-Ø-hn[w XpS-cp∂ Atacn-°≥

tIm¿∏-td‰v [\ {]Xn-k-‘nbp-tSbpw

bqtdm-]y≥ cmjv{S-ß-fpsS

IS-{]-Xn-k-‘n-bp-tSbpw aq¿—n-°p∂

A¥¿ km{am-Py-Xz-ssh-cp-≤yß-fptSbpw

temI P\-X-bpsS i‡-am-

Ip∂ t]mcm-´-ß-fp-tSbpw ]›m-Øe-Øn¬

Ata-cn-°≥ t\Xr-Xz-Ønep≈

]pØ≥ A[n-\n-thi hykÿ-s°-Xnsc

{_nIvkv D®-tImSn

^e-{]-Z-amb Nph-Sp-h-bv∏p-Iƒ \S-

Øp-sa∂ {]N-cWw hym]-I-am-bn-cp-

∂p. F∂m¬ h¿Ø-am-\-tem-IsØ

_m[n® cmjv{So-bhpw kmº-Øn-Ihp-amb

{]iv\-ßsf ]cm-a¿in-°p-∂sXm-gn-®m¬

{_nIvkv {]Jym-]\w

aq¿Ø-amb \n¿t±-i-ß-sfm∂pw

apt∂m´p h®n-√. Zcn{Z cmPy-ß-fpsS

Xmev]cy kwc-£-W-Øn-\mbn Hcp

"{_nIvkv _mv' cq]w sImSp-°psa∂

{]kvXm-h-\-bmWv hmkvX-h-

Øn¬ CØ-h-WsØ ktΩ-f-\sØ

{it≤-b-am-°n-b-Xv. CXm-Is´ ASp-

Ø-Im-e-sØm∂pw bmYm¿∞y-am-

Im≥ Hcp km[y-X-bp-an-√m-Ø-Xm-Wp-

Xm-\pw.

kJmhv

2012 sabv

km¿ΔtZiobw

{_nIvkv D®-tImSn

{]kw-K-Øn-\-∏pdw

{]mtbm-Kn-I-am-Iptam?

hnhn[ `qJ-fi-ß-fn¬ InS-°p-

Ibpw a‰p temI cmPy-ß-fp-am-bp≈

_‘-Øn-\p-]-cn-bmb I®-h-S-]-ctam

kmº-Øn-Itam Bb _‘-ß-fn-√m-

Xn-cn-°p-IbpwsNøp∂ {_nIvkv cmPy߃°v

XΩn-ep≈ _‘-ßsf°mƒ

IqSp-X¬ kmº-ØnI

_‘-ap-≈Xv Ata-cn-°-bp-am-bn-´msW∂p

ImWmw. temIsØ G‰hpw

henb Ib-‰p-a-Xn-°m-c\pw c≠masØ

kmº-ØnI i‡n-bp-amb

ssN\bpsS hntZi \mWy tiJ-c- -

W-Øns‚ knwl-`m-Khpw Ata-cn-°bn-te-°p≈

Ib-‰p-a-Xn-bn¬\n-∂m-Wv.

AtX-t]m-se, C¥y-bp-tSbpw

G‰hpw henb Ib-‰p-aXn ]m-fn-Ifn-sem-∂mWv

Ata-cn-°. Ata-cn-°bp-am-bp≈

Itºm-f-a-’-c-Øn¬

{_nIvkns\ Hcp-]-I-c-W-am-°m-\mWv

ssN\-bpsS {ia-sa-n¬ AXp-ambn

AXn¿Øn- X¿°-a-S°w A]-cn-lm-cyamb

D`-b-I£n {]iv\-߃ D≈

cmPy-amWv C¥y. Ata-cn-°-bpsS

Hcp PqWn-b¿ ]m-fn-bmbn\n∂v

Z£n-tW-¥y-bnse ht√y-´-\mbn hnekm-\mWv

C¥y≥ `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚

Xmev]-cyw. {_nIvkv Aw-K-a-b-Xp-sIm-

≠v Ata-cn-°≥ sNcp-∏p-\-°n-sb∂

]Zhn C¥y≥ `c-W-h¿§-Øn\v

ths≠-∂p-h-bv°m-\m-hn-√.

kmºØnI XI¿® t\cn-Sp-tºmgpw

ssk\nI i‡n \ne-\n¿Øp∂ djy

Ata-cn-°-bpsS Xmf-Øn¬ Xp≈m≥

Xøm-d-√. hfsc Npcp°n ]d-m¬

{_nIvkv cmPy-߃°n-S-bn¬ km¿ΔtZ-iob

hnj-b-ß-fn-t∑-ep≈

hyXyÿ kao-]-\-߃ ImcWw

temI-_mp {]kn-U-≠mbn Ata-

cn° t\man-t\-‰p-sNbvX Pnw tbmßv

Inw s\-Xnsc Hcp s]mXp ÿm\m¿

∞nsb \n¿Øp∂ Imcy-Øn¬

t∏mepw [mc-W-sb-Øm-\m-bn-s√∂Xv

Cu Iq´p-sI-´ns‚ Zu¿_-ey-sØbmWv

hnfn-®-dn-bn-°p-∂-Xv. hmkvX-h-

Øn¬ {_nIvkv (BRICS)F∂ Npcps°-gp-Øp-t]mepw

_lp-cmjv{S

IpØ-I-Iƒ°v hnZ-Kv-t[m-]-tZiw

\¬Ip∂ Ata-cn-°≥ I¨k¬´≥

kn-bmb tKmƒUvam≥ kmIvkv Bhnjv°-cn-®-Xm-sW-∂-Xp-IqSn

CØ-cp-W-

Øn¬ ]cm-a¿in-t°-≠-Xp-≠v.

Bap-J-abn kqNn-∏n-®-Xp

t]mse, ssN\okv [\-aq-e-[-\-

Øns‚ Bh-iy-ß-fmWv {_nIvkv

IqSn-t®-c-en-eq-sSbpw {_nIvkv _mv

F∂ Bi-b-Øn-eq-sSbpw IqSp-X¬

{]Xn-^-en-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Ata-cn-°-bnte-°p≈

Ib-‰p-a-Xn-bn-eqsS a{Xw

GI-tZi 2e£w tImSn tUmf-dns‚

(C-¥y-bpsS tZiob hcp-am-\-Øns‚

GI-tZiw Cc-´n-tbmfw hcpw -ssN-

\-bpsS hym]mc an®w)-hym-]mc an®amWv

ssN\ D≠m-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

Ata-cn-°≥ tUmf-dns‚ hn\n-a-b -

\n-c-°n-ep-≠m-Ip∂ G‰n-d-°-ßfpw

kmº-ØnI amμyw t\cn-Sp∂ Atacn-°-bn-te-°p≈

Ib-‰p-a-Xn-bn-ep-≠m-

Ip∂ CSnhpw ssN\°v sh√p-hn-fn-

I-fm-Wv. Cu kml-N-cy-Øn-emWv

hºn® hym]c an®-Øns‚ ]n≥_e-Øn¬

Atacn-°≥ tUmf-dn\pw

[\-Imcy ÿm]-\-߃°p-saXnsc

cmPy-߃°n-S-bn¬ kz¥w \mW-bamb

bphm≥ Hcp hn\n-ab am[y-aambn

apt∂m-´p-h-bv°m\pw AXns‚

`mK-ambn {_nIvkv _mv Bhn-jv°cn-°m\pw

ssN\ Xmev]-cyw- Im-Wn-

°p-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ CØ-c-samcp

27


ssN\okv \o°sØ `b-s∏-Sp∂

Ata-cn° AXns‚ inn-Sn-bmb

C¥ysb D]-tbm-Kn®v ssN\-bpsS

e£y-ßsf Xpcw -h-bv°m-\mWv

{ian-°p-∂-Xv. CXns‚ `mK-ambn

Ct∏mƒ hn`m-h-\w -sN-bvXn-´p≈

{_nIvkv _mv {_´≥hpUvkv

ÿm]-\-ßfmb temI-_m-n-s‚bpw

\mWb \n[n-bp-tSbpw D]-ÿm-]-\ß-fmbn

kl-I-cn®p {]h¿Øn-®m¬

aXn-sb∂ \ne-]m-SmWv C¥y≥ {][m-

\-a{¥n a≥tam-l≥ knßv apt∂m-´ph-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

F∂p am{X-a-√, AØc-samcp

_mv cq]w- sIm-Sp-°m-\m-hiy-amb

F√m sshZKv[yhpw temI-

_m-n-\p-s≠∂v AXns‚ \ne-hnep≈

{]kn-U≠v tdm_¿´v

tkmfn°ns\ ]n¥p-W-®p-sIm≠v

a≥tam-l≥knßv A`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-

Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p. bYm¿∞-

Øn¬ {_nIvkv Xocp-am-\-ßsf

kzm[o-\n-°-Ø-°-hn[w D®-tImSn

XpS-ßp-∂-Xn\pw hfsc apºp-Xs∂

U¬ln-bn¬ Xº-Sn®v Ata-cn-°≥

\n¿t±-i-{]-Imcw {]h¿Øn-®p-h-cn-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p-

tkm-fnIv. Cu kμ¿`w

apX-em°n {_nIvkv _mp-t]m-ep≈

Bibw apt∂m-´p-h®v Ata-cn-°bn¬\n∂pw

temI-_m-n¬ \n∂pw

khn-tij ]cn-K-W-\-Iƒ t\Sn-sb-

Sp-°m\pw {_nIvkns\ Hcp hne-t]i¬

D]-I-c-W-am°n skIyq-cn‰n

Iu¨kn-en¬ Hcp ko‰v Dd-∏n-s®-Sp-

°m-\m-hp-sa∂pw C¥y≥ `c-Wm-[nIm-

28

cn-Iƒ Nn¥n-°p-∂-Xns‚ kqN-\-Iƒ

e`y-am-Wv. AXm-b-Xv, ssN\

AXns‚ km{am-Py-Xz- tam-l-hp-ambn

_‘-s∏-SpØn {_nIvkns\ ImWptºmƒ

C¥y≥ `c-W-IqSw AXns‚

Z√mƒ kz`m-h-Øn\v A\p-kr-X-amb

e£y-Øn-te°v Cu Iq´p-sI-´ns\

D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øm-\mWv {ian-°p-∂-

Xv. CXp hy‡-ambpw Adn-bp-∂-XpsIm-≠p-

X-s∂-bmWv {_nIvkv AwK߃°n-S-bn¬

ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-amb

sshPm-Xy-߃ \ne-\n-ev°p-∂-XpsIm≠v

AXv ^e-{]-Z-am-In-sö

\nco-£Ww am¿®v 29 s‚ \yqtbm¿°v

ssSwkv {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv.

C°m-c-W-Øm≥ Hcp IqSn-t®-c¬

F∂-Xn-\-∏pdw {]mtbm-Kn-I-ambn

Hcn©pw apt∂m-´p-t]m-Im-\m-hmØ

H∂mbn {_nIvkv amdn-°-gn-n-cn-°p-

∂p. CXn-\p-a-∏pdw {_nIvkv _mv

F∂Xv Hcp hymtamlw am{X-ambn

XpS-cm-\mWv km[y-X-sb∂pw hkvXp-

X-Iƒ Nq≠n-°m-´p-∂p. bYm¿∞-

Øn¬, km{am-Py-Xz-tam-l-ß-fp≈

ssN\-b-S°w ^n\m≥kv aqe-[-\-

Øns‚ Ne-\-{I-a-߃°v A\p-kr-

X-ambn {]h¿Øn-°p∂ km{am-PyXz

temI-hy-h-ÿ-°-I-Øp≈ \o°pt]m-°n-\-∏p-tØ°v

Nn¥n-°m≥ IgnbmØ

cmPy-ß-fmWv {_nIvkn-ep-≈-

Xv. c≠mw temI bp≤m-\-¥-c-ap≈

]pØ≥ sImtfm-Wn-b¬ L-´-Øn¬

Bhn-jv°-cn-°-s∏´ \nchn km¿Δ-tZiob

Iq´m-bva-I-fn¬ G‰hpw HSp-hn-

kJmhv

2012 sabv

e-tØXp am{Xsa∂-Xn-\-∏pdw

{_nIvkn\v cmjv{So-btam kmº-Øn-

Itam Bb ]pXnb Hcp Nph-Sphbv∏pw

AXn\p hbv°m-\n-√. Pn 7,

Pn 24, Pn 15, Z£n-W-˛-Z-£nW kl-

I-cWw XpS-ßnb t]cp-I-fn¬

apt∂m-´p- h-bv°-s∏´hsb√w

{ItaW IS-em-kp-I-fn¬ HXp-ßp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.

Ata-cn-°≥ t\Xr-Xz-Ønep≈

]pØ≥ tImf-\n-h¬°-c-W-

Øn-s\-Xnsc Hcp \ne-]mSp apt∂m-

´p-h-bv°m≥ Ahbv°p Ign-n-´n-√.

AXn\p Ign-bp∂ cmjv{Sob kao-]-

\-ßfn√m-Ø-XmWp {]iv\w.

A^vKm≥ hnj-b-Ønepw temI-hym-

]mc kwL-S-\-bpsS hgn-ap´n

\nev°p∂ tZml-h´w N¿®-Isf

kw_-‘n®pw km{am-PyXz i‡n-

Iƒ°-\p-Iq-e-amb kao-]-\-amWv

{_nIvkv D®-tImSn ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn®

{]kvXm-h-\-bn-ep-≈-Xv. ]›n-ta-jybnse

G‰hpw Kuc-h-ta-dnb hnj-bß-fn-sem-∂mb

C{km-tb-ens‚ ]mekvXo≥

A[n-\n-th-isØ A]-e-]n-

°m≥ {_nIvkn\p Ign-n-´n-√.

Cdm-\p-am-bp≈ A`n-{]mb

hyXym-k-߃ \b-X-{¥-]-c-ambpw

kam-[m-\-]-c-ambpw ]cn-l-cn-°-Wsa∂v

{_nIvkv {]tabw ]d-bp-∂ps≠-nepw

C°m-cy-Øn¬ Ata-cn-

°sb ]q¿Æ-ambpw ]n¥m-ßp∂

kao-]-\-amWv C¥y-bp-tS-sX∂p

ImWmw. C¥y≥ P\-X-bpsS Xmev]cy߃°pw

t£a-Øn\pw hncp-≤ambn

Ata-cn-°≥ kΩ¿±sØ

XpS¿∂v Cdm≥ ˛ C¥ym hmX-I-°pg¬

]≤Xn Dt]-£n® a≥tam-l≥

k¿°m¿ Ct∏mƒ Cdm-s\-Xnsc

Ata-cn° {]Jym-]n-®n-´p≈ D]-tcm-

[sØ ]n≥Xp-W-°p-∂-Xns‚ `mKambn

Cdm-\n¬ \n-∂p≈ FÆ Cd-

°p-a-Xnbpw C¥y Ipd-®p-sIm-≠p-hcn-I-bm-Wv.

AXm-bXv Cdm≥ {]iv\w

\b-X-{¥-]-c-ambn ]cn-l-cn-°-W-sa∂

{_nIvkv {]ta-b-Øn\p hncp-≤-ambn

{]tbm-K-Øn¬ Ata-cn-°≥ B{IaW

kao-]-\sØ A\p-Iq-en-°p-IbmWv

C¥y sNøp-∂-Xv. Npcp-°-

Øn¬ km¿Δ-tZ-iob cwKØv hnhn[

Xmev]-cy-ßsf {]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn-°p∂

cmPy-ß-fpsS IqSnt®c¬ F∂ \nebn¬

h¿Ø-am\ temI {IasØ am‰n-

Øo¿°p∂ Zni-bn¬ {_nIvkn¬

\n∂pw Imcy-am-sbm∂pw {]Xo-£nt°-≠Xn-s√-∂mWv

CsX√mw Nq≠n-

°m-´p-∂-Xv.


sFtIm-dns‚ sabvZn\ Blzm\w

120-tesd h¿jß-fmbn temI-sa-ßp-ap≈ sXmgnem-fn-Iƒ

t]mcm-´-Øn-s‚bpw BtLm-j-Øn-s‚bpw

Zn\-ambn sabv 1 BN-cn-®p-h-cn-I-bm-Wv. h¿≤-am-\-amb

tXmXn¬ temIsØ kmº-ØnI {]Xn-k-‘n-bn-te°v

X≈n-hn-´p-sIm≠v km{am-PyXz {]Xn-k-‘n-bpsS `mcw

hnime P\-hn-`m-K-ß-fp-sSbpw a¿±nX cmPy-ßfptSbpw

Npa-en-te°v X≈n-hn-Sp∂ km{am-PyXz ^n\m≥kv aqe-

[-\-Øn-s\-Xn-cmb sXmgn-emfn h¿§-Øns‚ bp≤{]Jym-

]\ Zn\-amWv sabv Zn\w.

kzmX-{¥y-Øn\pw P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øn-\pw-th-≠n-bp≈

apt∂‰w temI-saßpw i‡n-s∏-Sp-∂-XmWv 2012 sabvZn-

\-Øns‚ apJy khn-ti-j-X. X∂n-anØw ad-®p-]n-Sn-

°m-\m-hm-Ø-hn[w {]Xn-k‘n Xpd-∂p-Im-´-s∏´p

Ign km{am-Py-Xz-Øn-s\-Xn-cmb {]N-c-Whpw t]mcm-

´-hp-amWv Cu h¿jsØ sabvZn-\sØ khn-ti-j-am-

°p-∂-Xv.

^mknÃv cmPy-ß-fnepw ssk\nI k¿Δm-[n-]-Xy-

Øn-e-a¿∂ cmPy-ß-fnepw P\m[n]Xy Ah-Im-i-߃

]cn-an-X-ambn´p≈ cmPy-ß-fnepw P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øn\pw

kzmX-{¥y-Øn\pw th≠n-bp≈ t]mcm´w km{am-Py-

XzsØ IS-]p-g°n tkmjy-enkw ÿm]n-°p-∂-Xn\v

Ahiyw th≠p∂ ap∂p-]m-[n-bm-sW∂v sXmgn-em-fnh¿§

{]ÿm-\-Øns‚ Ncn{Xw ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p.

kJmhv

2012 sabv

430 tImSn-h-cp∂ sXmgn-em-fn-Isf \m\m-cq-]-ßfn¬

aqe-[\w NqjWw sNøp∂ h¿Ø-am\ ]cn-tXmh-ÿ-bn¬

"sabvZn\w sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§w AXns‚

ssk\n-I-tijn hne-bn-cp-tØ≠ kμ¿`-am-sW∂'

FwK¬kns‚ \nco-£Ww Gsd {]k-‡-am-Wv.

tZiob kzmX-{¥y-Øn\pw tkmjy-en-k-Øn\pw

th≠n-bp≈ P\-Iob t]mcm´ßƒ°v t\XrXzw

sImSp°m≥ iXtImSnIƒ hcp∂ sXmgn-emfn h¿§-

Øn\v km¿Δ-tZ-iob ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Ign-bp-∂-

]£w AXv km{am-Py-Xz-sØ-°mƒ henb i‡n-bmbn

amdp-sa∂ Imcy-Øn¬ kwi-b-an-√.

2010-˛¬ cq]o-Ir-X-amb sFtIm¿ 30 cmPyßfnse

43 kwL-S-\-Isf GtIm-]n-∏n-®p-sIm≠v P\-Iob

apt∂-‰-ßsf hnπhhXvI-cn-°m-\p≈ ISa Gs‰-Sp-Øncn-°p-∂Xv

Cu A¿∞-Øn-em-Wv. temI-saßpw

sabvZn\w tbmPn® t]mcm´Zn-\-ambn BN-cn-°-W-sa∂v

AXv Blzm\w sNøp-∂p.

""`uXn-Ihpw {]mtbm-Kn-I-hp-amb ]n≥_-e-ta-Inbpw

]m¿´nsb i‡n-s∏-SpØn sFtIm-dns\ Icp-Øp-‰-Xm-

°m≥ h¿§-t_m-[-ap≈ F√m sXmgn-em-fn-I-tfmSpw

a¿±nX P\-X-I-tfmSpw ka-tcm-’p-I-cmb kv{XoItfmSpw

Iem-]Imcn-I-fmb bphm-°-tfmSpw hnime P\hn-`m-K-ß-tfmSpw

sFtIm¿ Blzm\w sNøp-∂p.

hnπh ]m¿´nI-fp-sSbpw kwL-S-\-I-fp-sSbpw thZn-bmb sFtIm¿ \oWmƒ hmg-s´ !

k¿Δ cmPy sXmgn-em-fn-Isf kwL-Sn-°p-hn≥ !!

k¿Δ-cmPy sXmgn-em-fn-Ifpw a¿±nX P\-X-Ifpw kwL-Sn-°p-hn≥ !!!

tZiobw I¿Æm-SI: BWh \ne-b-Øn\pw

sFtIm¿˛-sF-F¬]n-F-kn-

(ICOR-ILPS)s‚bpw kn]n-sF(-Fw-

F¬) tI{μ-°-Ωn-‰n-bp-sSbpw Blzm-

\-{]-Imcw I¿Æm-S-I-bn¬ am¿®v 11\v

^p°p-jna Zn\w BNcn®p. BWh

\ne-b-ßfpw BW-hm-bp-[-ßfpw

th≠ F∂ ap{Zm-hmIyw Db¿Øns°m≠v

I¿Æm-SI kn]n-sF(-Fw-

F¬) kwÿm-\-°-Ωn‰n HcmgvN

\o≠ {]Nm-cWw \S-Øn-bn-cp-∂p.

DØc I∂-S-bn¬ P\-Iob {]t£m-

`-ßsf ASn-®-a¿Øn-s°m-≠mWv

1985¬ ssIK BWh \nebw

{]h¿Ø-\-am-cw-`n-®-Xv. Xncn-®-dn-bm≥

bptd-\nbw J\-\-Øn\pw FXnsc

P\-Iob [¿Æ

]‰mØ Akp-J-߃ sIm≠v kao-

]-Øp≈ {Kma-ß-fnse P\-߃ Zpcn-

X-a-\p-`-hn®p sIm≠n-cn-°-bm-Wv. Cu

Zpc-X-a-\p-`-hn-°p∂ P\-߃ Im¿

hm¿ Unkn Hm^o-kn\p ap∂n-¬

Ign c≠p amk-ambn [¿Æ \S-

Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°-bm-Wv. ]m¿´n

CXn\v ]n¥pW {]Jym-]n®n´p-≠v.

^p°pjna Zn\-tØm-S-\p-_-‘n®v

Im¿hm-dn¬ dmenbpw P\-Iob

[¿Æbpw kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-∂p. ]m¿´n

kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn cp{Zøbpw a‰p

kJm-°fpw dmenbv°v t\XrXzw

\¬In. BWh \ne-b-߃ AS®p

]q´m\pw ZpcnXa\p-`-hn-°p∂ P\ßsf

]p\-c-[n-h-kn-∏n-°m\pw Bhiy-s∏´p

sIms≠mcp \nthZ\w

U]yq´n IΩo-j-W¿ hgn cmjv{S-]-

Xnbv°v Ab®p sImSp-Øp.

tKmKn {Kmaw bmZ-Kncn Pn√-bn¬

29


\n∂v 35 Intem-ao-‰¿ AI-se-bm-Wv.

IrjvWm \Zn-bn¬ \n∂v 25 Intemao-‰¿

AI-se-bm-Wv. DØc I¿Æm-S-

I-bp-sSbpw B{‘ kwÿm-\-Øns‚

]Ip-Xn-tbmfw {]tZ-i-sØbpw Pet{km-X

v IrjvW \Zn-bm-Wv. bptd-

\nbw Ipgn-s®-Sp-°m-s\∂ t]cn¬

At‰m-anIv F\¿Pn IΩo-j≥ 2006

apX¬ J\\w Bcw-`n-®n-´p-≠v. CXv

]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I-amb ¢nb-d≥kv

In´msX-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv. CXn-s\-

am¿®v 19\v Xangv \m´nse

FsF-Un-FwsI k¿°m¿ IqSw-

Ipfw BW-h-\n-ebw \n¿Ωn-°p-∂-

Xn\v Hu]-Nm-cn-I-ambn A\p-hmZw

\¬In. P\-ß-fpsS hºn®

FXn¿∏ns\ Ah-K-Wn®p sIm≠mbn-cp∂p

Cu AwKo-Im-cw. CXv {]Jym-

]n°p∂Xn\v apºmbn Aøm-bn-ctØmfw

t]meo-kv-˛-A¿≤ ssk\nI

hn`m-K-ßsf \ne-b-Øn\v Np‰p-ambn

hn\y-kn-®p. CXns‚ XpS¿®-bmbn

\qdp IW-°n\v a’y-sØm-gn-em-fn-Isfbpw

I¿j-I-scbpw AdÃv

sNbvXp \o°n. IqSmsX BW-h-hncp≤

{]h¿Ø-I-scbpw t]meokv

AdÃv sNbvXp. CtXmSp IqSn P\߃°v

t\sc bp≤w \S-°p∂

{]XoXn D≠m-bn. Np‰p]mSpap≈

{Kma-ß-fn¬ t]meokv `oI-cX

krjvSn-®p. `oj-Wn-Iƒ XpS¿∂p

sImt≠-bn-cn-°p∂p. tI{μ-k¿°mcns‚

]n¥p-W-tbmsS kwÿm\

k¿°m¿v P\-߃°v ta¬ \S-Øp∂

lo\-amb B{I-a-Wambn CXv amdnbn-cn-°p-∂p.

`c-W-h¿§w \S-Øp∂ Cu

B{I-a-WsØ sNdpØp tXm¬∏n-

°m≥ kn]n-sF(-Fw-F¬) P\-ßtfmSv

Blzm\w sNøp-∂p. Ign-bmhp-∂n-S-tØmfw

P\-ßsf kwL-Sn-

∏n®p sIm≠v [¿Æ, sXcp-hp-tbm-K߃

XpS-ßnb ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ aptº

Xs∂ \S-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°-bm-Wv.

Xncp-s\¬th-en-bn¬ \n∂v IqSwIpftØ°v

P\-Iob am¿®v \S-Øm≥

30

Xnsc kn]n-sF(-Fw-F¬) {]t£m`w

\S-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°-bm-Wv. am¿®v 11\v

]m¿´n-bpsS bmZ-Kncn Pn√m-°-Ωn‰n

Pn√m IΩojWdpsS Hm^o-kn\v

ap∂n¬ P\-Iob [¿Æ kwL-Sn-∏n-

®p. {]kvXpX [¿Æ-bn¬ tKmKn

{]tZ-iØp \n∂p≈ hnZym¿∞n-Ifpw

A≤ym-]-Icpw ]s-Sp-Øp. P\-Iob

[¿Æsb A`n-kw-t_m-[\ sNbvXp

sIm≠v ]m¿´n s]mfn-‰v_yqtdm

IqSw-Ipfw BWh \ne-b-

\n¿Ωm-WsØ sNdp-°pI

IqSw-Ip-f-hn-cp≤ P\-Iob IΩn‰n

Xocpam\n-®n-´p-≠v. `c-W-IqSw \S-

Øp∂ Cu Incm-X-amb B{I-a-W߃s°-Xnsc

km≤y-amb CS-ß-fn-

¬ {]Xn-tj[ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ kwL-Sn-

∏n-°m≥ ]m¿´n kJm-°-tfmSpw

F√m ]m¿´n IΩn-‰n-I-tfmSpw kn]nsF(-Fw-F¬)

Blzm\w sNøp-∂p.

km¿Δ-tZ-io-b, tZiob Xe-ßfnep≈

BWh tem_n-I-sfbpw

PmXn hncp≤ {]ÿm\w cq]o-I-cn®p

G{]n-¬ 20-˛21 Xob-Xn-I-fn¬

U¬ln-bn¬ tN¿∂ skan-\mdpw

XpS¿∂v 22-˛\v IqSnb I¨h≥j\pw

AJn-te¥ym PmXn-hn-cp≤ {]ÿm-\-

Øn\v cq]w sImSp-Øp. kn]n-sF(-

Fw-F¬), F≥Un-]n-sF, U¬ln

PmXn-hn-cp≤ thZn, FsF-F≥bp-

Fkv ˛ aq¬{]-hmlv F∂o kwL-S-

\-Iƒ ap≥I-sø-SpØv hnfn-®p-tN¿Ø

skan-\m¿ kn]n-sF(-Fw-F¬) P\.

kJmhv

2012 sabv

AwKw a\-k-ø, tI{μ-°-Ωn-‰n-bwKw

_n _k-h-enw-K-∏, bmZ-Kncn Pn√m

sk{I-´dn ic-W-_-kh XpS-ßn-b-h¿

kwkm-cn-®p. am≤y-a-ß-fpsS {i≤

{]kvXpX ]cn-]mSn \√ t]mse

]nSn®p ]‰p-I-bp-≠m-bn. bptd-\nbw

J\\w AS®p ]q´W-sa∂m-h-iys∏´p

sIm≠v G{]n¬ c≠mw hmcw

apX¬ Pn√m-Xe P\-Iob {]Nm-cWw

\S-Øpsa∂v ]m¿´n {]Jym-]n-®n-´p-≠v.

tIm¿∏-td-‰v-˛-_-lp-cm-jv{S-°p-Ø-I-Isfbpw

{]oWn-∏n-°m≥ th≠n

k¿°m¿ \S-∏m-°p∂ Cu ]n¥n-cn-

∏≥ \nbasØ sNdp-°m≥ th≠n

km≤y-amb F√m-Ø-c-Øn-ep-ap≈

kac cq]-߃ kwL-Sn-∏n-°m≥

F√m ]ptcm-K-a-\-i-‡n-I-tfmSpw

kn]n-sF(-Fw-F¬) Blzm\w

sNøp-∂p.

sk{I-´dn k. sI. F≥. cma-N-{μ≥

DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. c≠p-Zn-h-kambn

\S∂ skan-\m-dn¬ F≥Un-

]nsF sb {]Xn-\o-[o-I-cn®v t{]w]-

Xn, aq¬{]hm-lns\ {]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn®v

Tm°q¿ J\¬, PmXn-hn-cp≤ thZnsb

{]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn®v Pb-{]-Im-iv, kn]nsF(-Fw-F¬)

P\-i-‡nsb {]Xn-\o-


[o-I-cn®v AtemIv apJ¿Pn,

FwF¬kn-(F-]n)sb {]Xn-\n-[o-Icn®v

sh-tS-izc dmhp, kn]n-sF(-Fw-

F¬) s\ {]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn®v ]n.-sP.

Pbnwkv XpS-ßn-b-h¿ PmXnbpw

h¿§hpw, PmXnbpw `q_-‘-ßfpw,

PmXnbpw km{am-Py-Xzhpw, PmXnbpw

]pcp-jm-[n-]-Xyhpw XpSßn \nc-h[n

hnj-b-ßsf kw_-‘n®v {]_-‘ß-f-h-X-cn-∏n-®p.

kJm-°ƒ Acp¨

Gjy≥ Im¿jnI ktΩ-f\w

G{]n¬ 1˛3 Xob-Xn-I-fn¬ U¬lnbn¬

\S-∂p. kn]n-sF(-Fw-F¬)

P\. sk{I-´dn k. sI. F≥. cma-N-

{μ≥ ktΩ-f\w DZvLm-S\w

sNbvXp. C¥y, t\∏mƒ, _w•m-tZiv,

{ioe-, ^nen-ss∏≥kv, P¿Ω-\n

F∂o cmPy-ß-fn¬\n-∂p≈ {]Xn-\n-

[n-Ifpw \nco-£-Icpw Im¿jnI

kmº-ØnI hnZ-Kv[-cp-a-S°w 120-˛-

Hmfw {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬

]s-Sp-Øp.

AJn-te¥ym {Im¥n-Imcn

Inkm≥ k`sb {]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn®v k.

]n. sP. sPbnwkpw AJne t\∏mƒ

I¿jI kwL-S-\sb {]Xn-\n-[o-Icn®v

s{]m^. am≥ _l-Zq¿ J{Xnbpw

_w•m-tZiv IrjIv kanXnsb {]Xn-

\n-[o-I-cn®v s{]m^. BImjpw apJy

{]_-‘-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p. aq∂v

Znhkw \o≠p-\n∂ tIm¨^d≥kn¬

Gjy≥ Im¿jnI taJe

t\cn-Sp∂ hnhn[ hnj-bßsf kw_-

‘n®v \nc-h[n {]_-‘-߃ Ah-Xcn-∏n-®p.

B{‘m-{]-tZ-in¬ \n∂p≈

s{]m^. sI.-B¿.-Nu-[-cn, s{]m^.

{]kmZv dmhp, tIc-f-Øn¬ \n∂p≈

tUm. hnP-b-N-{μ≥, tUm. A_vZpƒ

JmZ¿, t\∏m-fn¬ \n∂p≈ \tc{μ

JmSvtI, cmtPjv Ipam¿ cmPp,

_olm-dn¬ \n∂p≈ tUm. cmw

Iho{μ XpS-ßnb \nc-h[n {]ap-Jcpw

kn]n-sF(Fw-F¬) tI{μ-I-Ωn‰n

AwK-ß-fmb j¿ΩnjvS Nu[cn,

INQUILAB

Organ of AIRSO

C-141, Sainik Nagar

New Delhi - 110059

Phone: 09981399702

airsocenter@gmail.com

amPn, arXyp-RvP-bv, {_nPv _nlmcn,

Dam-Im-¥v, Pb-{]-Imiv F∂n-h¿

A≤y-£X hln-®p. AJn-te¥ym

PmXn-hn-cp≤ {]ÿm\w sI´n-∏-Sp-°p-

∂-Xn\v t\XrXzw \¬Im≥ AJnte¥ym

tIm˛-Hm¿Un-t\-j≥ IΩn-

‰n°v G{]n¬ 22-˛\v tN¿∂

I¨h≥j≥ cq]w \¬In. PmXn

\io-I-cWw BXy¥nI e£y-am-

°p∂ hnπh P\m-[n-]Xy kwL-S-\-

Gjy≥ Im¿jnI

ktΩ-f\w

i¿Zm-kv, ]n. F≥. t{]mhn‚ v XpSßn-b-hcpw

{]_-‘-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-

®p. kJm-°ƒ B¿. a\- -ø, `WvUm-

REBEL

Organ of RYFI

C-141, Sainik Nagar

New Delhi - 110059

Phone: 09981773205

ryficentre@gmail.com

kJmhv

2012 sabv

Ifpw Bbn sFIy-s∏´v PmXob a¿±-

\-߃°pw Nqj-W-Øn\pw hnth-N-

\-Øn\pw A\m-Nm-c-߃°pw A¥hn-izm-k-߃°psa-Xnscbpw

Irjn-

`qan aÆn¬ ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p-∂-h¿°v

F∂-Xns‚ ASnÿm-\-Øn¬ hnπh

`q]-cn-jvI-c-W-Øn\p th≠nbpw

t]mcm-Sm\pw kwÿm\ ASn-ÿm-\-

Øn¬ PmXn-hn-cp≤ {]ÿm\w sI´n-

∏-Sp-°m\pw Xocp-am-\n-®p.

cn, kPmZv klo¿ F∂n-h¿ ASßp∂

{]ko-Unbw ktΩ-f\ \S-]-

Sn-Iƒ \nb-{¥n-®p.

Breaking the Shackles

Organ of AIRWO

C-141, Sainik Nagar

New Delhi - 110059

Phone: 09804737149

choudhurysharmistha@gmail.com

31


Xriq-cn¬ G{]n¬ 14, 15 Znhk-ß-fn¬

kmlnXy A°m-Z-anIv

lmfn¬ tN¿∂ AJn-te¥ym

kmwkv°m-cnI {]h¿Ø-I-cpsS

tbmKw hnπh kmwkv°m-cn-I-th-

Zn°p cq]w \¬In. 2011 a¿®p-amkw

I¬°-Ø-bn¬ tN¿∂ {]mYanItbmK-Øn-s‚XpS¿®-bm-bn-´m-bncp∂p

Ggp kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬\n-

∂p≈ kmwkv°m-cnI {]h¿Ø-I¿

IqSn-t®¿∂v hnπh kmwkv°m-cn-IthZn

(Revolutionary Cultural Forum)°p

cq]w \¬In-b-Xv. G{]n¬ 14 \v tUm.

j¨ap-J≥ ]pem-∏-‰-bpsS A[y-£-

X-bn¬ tN¿∂ {]Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-tSbpw

£Wn-Xm-°-fp-tSbpw tbmKw kn ]n

sF (Fw- F¬) P\-d¬ sk{I-´dn

k. sI F≥. cma-N-{μ≥ D¬Lm-S\w

sNbvXp. ]pØ≥ A[n-\n-th-i-

Øns‚ `mK-ambn km{am-Py-Xzhpw

32

hnπh kmwkvIm-cn-I-thZn

(KASAM) cq]w-sIm-≠p

kwÿm\w

tIc-fhpw I¿Æm-S-Ihpw Xangv\mSpw

kwtbm-Pn-°p∂ ]›n-a-L-´ta-Je

˛ KqU-√q¿, hb-\m-Sv, \ne-

ºq¿, sImssS-°-\m¬, DSp-∏n,

Z£nW I∂S F∂o Pn√-Iƒ˛

amthm-bnÃv Xmh-f- {]-tZ-i-am-°m≥

t]mIp-∂p-sh∂pw Cu {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬

amthm-bnÃv Zf-߃°v clky

\o°w \S-°p-∂p-sh∂pw D≈

"kv°q∏p-Iƒ' ]e-t∏m-gmbn ]pdØp

h∂p-Xp-S-ßn-bn´v Ipd®p \mfp-I-fm-bn.

GsX-nepw {]XyI B[n-Im-cnI

tI{μ-ßsf D≤-cn-°msX CSbvs°ms°{]Xy-£-s∏-´p-sIm-≠ncp∂

CØcw I]-S -{]-N-c-W-ß-fpsS

bYm¿∞ e£yw C°-gn

Znhkw lnμp ]{Xw (G-{]n¬ 23,

2012) AXns‚ tZiob hm¿Ø-bm-

AXns‚ sNcp-∏p-\-°n-Ifpw

kwkv°m-csØ hmWn-Py-h¬°cWØn\pw

Nc-°p-h¬°-cWØn-

\pw hnt[-b-am-°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂

h¿Ø-am-\m-h-ÿ-bn¬ hnπh

kmwkv°m-cnI {]h¿Ø-\-Øns‚

Ign--Im-em-\p-`-h-ß-fn¬\n∂pw

]mTw ]Tn-®p-sIm≠p apt∂m-´p-t]mtI-≠-Xns‚

{]m[m\yw k. sI F≥

Du∂n-∏-d-p. tIc-f-Ønse {]apJ

]ptcm-K-a-\˛ P\-Iob kmwkv°mcnI

{]h¿Ø-I\pw Fgp-Øp-Im-c-\pamb

]n kptc-{μ≥ tbmKsØ A`nkw-t_m-[-\

-sN-bvXp kwkm-cn-®p.

kzm-K-X-kwLw I¨ho-\dpw kn ]n

sF (Fw F¬) kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn-bp-amb

]n F≥ t{]mhn‚ v

kzmKXw ]d-p.

hnπh kmwkv°m-cn-I-th-Zn-bpsS

]cn-]m-Sn°pw kwL-S\m am¿§

kJmhv

2012 sabv

\n¿t±-i-߃°pw ASn-b-¥c IS-a-

Iƒ hniZo-I-cn-°p∂ {]ta-b-Øn\pw

kmwkvIm-cnI ktΩ-f\w cq]w

\¬In. OØo-kvL-´n¬\n-∂p≈ k.

Xpln≥tZhv I¨ho-\dpw a[y-{]-tZin¬\n-∂p≈

temtKjv, ka¿ sk≥

Kp]vX F∂n-hcpw DØ¿{]-tZ-in¬\n-

∂p≈ kptcjv ]©w, Pm¿Jfin¬\n-∂p≈

Ahn-\m-jv, _wKmfn¬\n-∂p≈

chn ]meq¿, I¿Æm-S-

I-bn¬\n-∂p≈ hn´-∏, tIc-f-Øn¬\n-

∂p≈ tUm j¨apJ≥ ]pem-∏-‰,

hn hn cma-N-{μ≥, ]fl-\m-`≥ F∂nhcpw

AS-ßp∂ AJn-te¥ym

t\XrXz IΩn‰nsb sXc-s-Sp-Øp.

a‰p kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬\n-∂p≈ {]Xn-

\n-[n-I-sf-°qSn IΩn-‰n-bn¬ Dƒs∏-

Sp-Øm\pw Xocp-am-\n-®p. apJ-]-{X-

Øns‚ FUn‰-dmbn P\-d¬ I¨ho-

\¿ Xpln≥tZhv {]h¿Øn-°pw.

kmwkvIm-cnI Iymºns‚ XpS¿®bmbn

"]pØ≥ A[n-\n-th-i- ImesØ

kmwkvIm-cnI sh√p-hn-fn-Iƒ'

F∂ hnj-bsØ A[n-I-cn®p \S∂

skan-\m-dn¬ kJm°ƒ sI F≥

cma-N-{μ≥, ]n sP Pbnw-kv, hn hnPb-Ip-am¿,

Fw hn Icp-Wm-I-c≥,

HtUkm kXy≥, Xpln≥tZ-hv,- hnt\mZv

cma≥Xfn, kn.-F.-l-ko\ XpSßn-b-h¿

]s-Sp-Øp.

amthm-bnÃv DΩm°n:

tIc-f-Ønepw {]tXyI tk\°p \o°w?

°n-b-tXm-sS- ]p-d-Øp-h-∂n-cn-°p-I-bm-

Wv. amthm-bnÃv th´-bpsS ad-hn¬

iX-tIm-Sn-Iƒ sh´n-hn-gp-ßp∂ a‰v

C¥y≥ kwÿm-\-ß-fnse A¿≤ssk-\nI

"htc-Wy-'hn-`m-KsØ amXr-

I-bm°n tIc-f-Ønepw AØ-csam∂p

cq]w -sIm-Sp-°m-\p≈ D∂X

t]meo-kv˛ C‚-en-P≥kv t\XrXzw

\S-Øp∂ Icp-\o-°-amWv CØcw

hm¿Ø-Iƒ°v ]n∂n-ep-≈-sX∂v

{]kvXpX dnt∏m¿´p-hm-bn-®m¬

a\kn-em-°m-hp-∂-tX-bp-≈p. amthmbn-Ãp-Isf

t\cn-Sm≥ Zo¿Ln-®Xpw

khn-tij coXn-bn-ep-≈-Xp-amb Hcp

"htcWy' t]meokv tk\-bpsS Bhiy-ap-s≠∂pw

]c-º-cm-KX t]meokv

kwhn-[m-\-Øn\v AXp ssIImcyw

sNøm≥ Bhn-s√-∂p-amWv Cu "C‚-

en-P≥kv' dnt∏m¿´ns‚ kmcw. Kdn-

√m-bp≤w t\cn-Sm≥ ]cn-io-e\w

kn≤n® OØn-kvL-´nse "tIm{_'

amXr-I-bn¬ tIc-f-Ønepw Hcp tk\

cq]w-sIm-t≈-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p-sh-

∂mWv dnt∏m¿´v hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

tIc-f-Øn¬ C{]-Im-c-samcp "Kdn-√mbp≤w'

F∂p tIƒ°p-tºmƒ kmam-

\y-t_m-[-ap-≈-h¿ AXns‚ kmwK-XysØ-∏‰n

Nn¥n-t®-°m-sa-∂p-t]mepw

hm¿Ø cq]-I-ev]\ sNbvX tI{μßfpw

AXp dnt∏m¿´p-sNbvX _nPptKm-hnμpw

Btem-Nn-t°-≠-Xm-bn-cp-

∂p.

16 h¿jw ap≥]v 1996 HIvtSm-_dn¬

Aø-m-fn-∏S F∂-t]-cn¬ Nne¿

\qep≠ Im´n A∂sØ ]me-°mSv

If-IvSsd _‘n-bm-°nb kw`hw


DZm-l-c-W-am-sb-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠mWv

tIc-f-Øn¬ Hcp {]tXyI t]meokv

tk\-bpsS Bh-iysØ∏‰n ta¬

kqNn-∏n® kvIq∏v D]-\y-kn-°p-∂sX-∂p-IqSn

Xncn-®-dn-tb-≠-Xp-≠v.

AØcw kw`-h-߃ C\n Bh¿

Øn-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ Un sF Pn dmnep≈

DtZym-K-ÿs‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬

Hcp `oI-c-hn-cp≤ tI{μw thW-sa∂v

{]kvXpX dnt∏m¿´v hmZn-°p-tºmƒ

Pbdmw ]Sn-°-ens‚ t{]Xw Imcyambn

_m[n-®n-´p≈ GtXm _p≤nbn-ep-Zn-®

hymtamlw am{X-ambn

AXns\ Npcp°n I≠p-Iq-Sm. hoc-

∏≥th-´-bpsS ad-hn¬ h¿j-ß-tfmfw

iX-tIm-Sn-Iƒ sIm≈-b-Sn-°p-Ibpw

h\w-sIm-≈-sNbvXpw BZn-hmkn

kv{XoIsf _em¬kwKw sNbvXpw

aZn-®p-√-kn® hmƒ´¿ tZhm-csØbpw

a‰pw Hm¿Øp hmbn¬ sh≈-aq-dp∂

t]meokv ta[m-hn-I-fpsS B{Kl

Nn¥-Iƒ am{X-ambn AXp efn-Xh¬°-cn-®p-Iq-Sm.

amthm-bnÃv `oI-chn-cp≤

th´-bpsS ad-hn¬ tIcfØnse

]ptcm-K-a\ P\m-[n-]-Xy

i‡n-I-tfbpw P\m-[n-]-Xym-h-Im-iß-tfbpw

ASn-s®m-Xp°n _n H Sn

bpw {]tXyI kmº-Øn-I-ta-J-e-

kJmhv

2012 sabv

Ifpw Su¨jn-∏p-Ifpw F√mw ]Sp-

Øp-b¿Øn tIm¿∏-td‰v am^n-bm-

Iƒ°v Nph∂ ]c-h-Xm\n hncn-°msa-∂p≈

`c-W-IqS ˛cmjv{Sob AP-

≠ Xs∂-bmWv CXn\p ]n∂n-se∂v

Kuc-h-]q¿Δw ImtW-≠-Xp-≠v. C{]-

Im-c-samcp Bkq-{XnX AP≠ ]n∂nen-√msX

HUo-j-bn¬ Hcp If-IvSsd

amthm-bn-Ãp-Iƒ _‘n-bm-°nb

hm¿Ø sImSp-Ø-Xn-s\m∏w tIcfsØ

kw_-‘n®v CØcw Hcp

hm¿Ø hcp-am-bn-cp-∂n-s√∂v Imcy-

Ku-c-h-ap≈ B¿°pw t_m[y-am-Ipw.

_nHSn : CS-∏-≈nbn¬ A\n-›n-X-Ime kacw Bcw-`n®p

CS-∏≈n ˛ aÆpØnbn¬ tZio-b-

]mXbn¬ _nHSn \S-∏m-°p-∂-Xn-s\-

Xnsc ]men-tb-°-c-bn¬ Bcw-`n®

kacw kwÿm-\-hym-]-I-ambn hnIkn-∏n-°p-∂-Xns‚

`mK-ambn CS-∏≈n

PwKvj- -\n¬ _nHSn hncp≤ P\-Iob

kan-Xn-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ A\n-›n-

I-Ime kXym-{Kl kacw G{]n¬

23-˛\v Bcw-`n-®p. CS-∏≈n ta¬∏me-Øn¬

tSmƒ ]ncn-°m-\p-≈- Xo-cpam\w

Dt]-£n-°p-I, a´m-t©cn ]me-

Øntebpw hcm-∏p-g-bnsebpw

tSmƒ]n-cnhv Ah-km-\n-∏n-°p-I,

_nHSn ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ tdmUp-

\n¿Ωn-°m-\p≈ F√m ]≤-Xn-Ifpw

Ah-km-\n-∏n-°pI XpS-ßnb ap{Zm-hm-

Iy-߃ Db¿Øn-s°m-≠v _n H Sn

hncp≤ P\-Iob kanXnbpsS t\Xr-

Xz-Øn¬ CS-∏≈n PwMvj-\n¬ A\n-

›n-X-Ime kacw kn ]n sF (Fw

F¬) kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn ]n F≥

t{]mhn≥dv D¬Lm-S\w sNbvXp. _n

H Sn hncp≤ P\-Iob kan-Xn-bpsS

kwÿm\ I¨ho-\¿ cmtPjv

A∏m´v A≤y-£X hln-®p. ka-

csØ A`n-hmZyw sNbvXp-sIm≠v Sn

bp kn sF kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn Sn

kn kp{_-“-Wy≥, F sF sI sI

Fkv kwÿm-\-I-Ωnddn AwKw Fw

s]m°mfn ]mS-ti-J-c-߃X-cn-in-Sp-

∂-Xn-s\-Xnsc ka-c-{]-Jym-]\w

s]m°mfn ]mS-ti-J-c-߃Xcn-in-Sp-∂-Xpw

h¿j-s°-´m-°p-∂Xpw

XS-b-W-sa∂pw ]mS-ti-J-c-ß-fn¬

Irjn-bn-d-°-W-sa∂pw Bh-iy-s∏-´p-

sIm≠v s]m°m-fn-Irjn kwc-£W

kanXn G{]n¬ 15\v ka-c-{]-Jym-]\

tbmKw \S-Øn. sshIn´v 5 aWn°v

amen-∏p-d-Øp-h-®p-\-S∂ ka-c-{]-Jym-

sI IrjvW≥Ip´n kn ]n sF (Fw

F¬)Pn√m sk{I-´dn kn Pn _nPp-

XpS-ßn-b-h¿ kwkm-cn-®p.

]-\-tbmKw kn ]n sF(Fw F¬)

kwÿm\ FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv AwKw

cmtPjv A∏m´v D¬Lm-S\w

sNbvXp.kn ]n sF(Fw F¬) Pn√msk-{I-´dn

kn Pn _nPp Ffw-Ip-∂-

∏pg tem°¬ sk{I-´dn F≥ sI

kp[o¿, s]m°m-fn-Irjn kwc-£W

kanXn I¨ho-\¿ sI sI apcp-I≥

F∂n-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p.

33


kn]n-sF(-Fw)¬ \n∂v cmPn-h®v

kn]n-sF(-Fw-F¬) ¬ tN¿∂p

1965 apX¬ kn ]n sF (Fw) ¬

AwK-am-bpw 1991 apX¬ F¬ kn

saº-dmbpw XpS¿∂v F¬ kn sk{I-

´-dn-bmbpw {]h¿Øn-°pIbpw

\n¿ΩmW sXmgn-emfn bqWn-b≥ kn

sF Sn bp Pn√m IΩn‰n AwK-ambpw

{]h¿Øn-®n-cp∂ k. Ct©mSn Aø-

∏≥ kn]sF(-Fw)¬ \n∂v cmPn-h®v

kn]n-sF(-Fw-F¬)¬ tN¿∂v

{]h¿Øn-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®p.

am¿®v 27\v A-am-en-bn¬

_n H Sn hncp≤ P\-Iob

I¨h≥j≥ \S-∂p

tZiob ]mX-Isf kzIm-cyh¬°-cn-°p-∂

_n H Sn ]≤-Xn-Iƒ

Dt]-£n-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-´psIm≠pw,

CS-∏≈n ˛ aÆpØn tZiob-]mX

k¿°m¿ Gs‰-Sp-°Wsa-∂mh-iy-s∏-´p-sIm≠pw

_n H Sn hncp≤

P\-Iob kanXn A-am-en-bn¬ P\-

Iob I¨h≥j≥ kwL-Sn-∏n-®p.

A-amen sI Fkv B¿Sn kn

_ v‰m≥dn\p kao]w am¿®v 27\v

sshIn´v \mep-a-Wn°p \S∂

I¨h≥j≥ sIm-®n≥ bqWn-thgvkn‰n

ap≥ \nba hn`mKw ta[mhn

tUm. kZm-in-h≥ \mb¿ D¬Lm-

S\w sNbvXp. _n H Sn hncp≤ P\o-

Iob kanXn kwÿm\ I¨ho-\¿

cmtPjv A∏m-´v, Sn bp kn sF

kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn Sn kn kp{_-

“-Wy≥, ]men-tb-°c kwbp‡

ka-c-k-anXn I¨-ho-\¿ ]n sP

tam≥kn, F≥.-]n. tPm¨k¨,

a\pjym-h-Imi {]h¿Ø-I≥ tPmbn

ssIXm-cw, B¿sshF^vsF

kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn Fw sI

Zmk≥ kn]nsF (FwF¬) Fd-Wm-

Ipfw Pn√m sk{I-´dn kn Pn _n

Pp F∂n-h¿ I¨h≥j-\n¬ ]s-

SpØp kwkm-cn-®p. F sF sI sI

Fkv kwÿm\ IΩn‰n AwKw Fw

sI IrjvW≥Ip´n A≤y-£-X- hln-®p.

_n H Sn hncp≤ P\-Iob

kanXn Pn√m-I¨ho-\¿ ]n kn

kpZ¿i-\≥ kzmK-Xhpw _∂n- tPmk^v

IrX-⁄-Xbpw ]d-p.

34

am¿®v 27 sSe-t^m¨ FIvtk-©n\p

ap∂n¬ [¿Æ \S-Øn

hS-°p-In-g-°≥ kwÿm-\-ß-fntebpw

PΩp Imivao-cn-tebpw kmbp-

[-tk\ {]tXyI A[n-Imc \nbaw

]n≥h-en-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏´v kn ]n

sF (FwF¬)s‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬

\S-Ønb ]m¿e-sa‚p am¿®n\v

sFIy-Zm¿Vyw {]Jym-]n-®p-sIm≠v

Fd-Wm-Ipfw sSe-t^m¨ FIvtk-

©n-\p-ap-∂n¬ [¿Æ \S-Øn. [¿Æ

Sn bp kn sF kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn

Snbp-knsF bpsS I¬°-´-bn¬

h®p \S-°p∂ 7˛mw AJn-te¥ym

ktΩ-f-\-Øns‚ `mK-ambn G{]n¬

28, 29 Xob-Xn-I-fn-¬ Fd-Wm-Ip-fØv

h®v kwÿm\ ktΩ-f\w \S-∂p.

G{]n¬ 28-˛\v BtKm-fo-I-c-Whpw

sXmgn-emfn h¿§hpw F∂ hnjbsØ

kw_-‘n®p \S∂ skan-

\m¿ Snbp-knsF AJn-te¥ym

sk{I-´dn k.kRvPbv knwKvhn

DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. D]-t`mK DXv]-

∂-߃ hn‰-gn-°p∂ am¿°-‰mbn

cmPysØ am‰nØo¿°p∂ {]{In-bbmWv

BtKm-fo-I-cWw hgn \S-°p-

∂-Xv. aqe-[\ XmXv]-cy-ßsf kwc-

£n-°p∂ tIm¿∏-td-‰p-Iƒ°pth-≠nbmWv

tI{μ-˛-kw-ÿm\ `cW \n¿Δl-Ww.

aqe-[\ XmXv]-cy-߃s°-Xncmb

ka-csØ apt∂m´psIm≠p-t]m-

Ip-∂-Xn¬ cmPysØ kwLSnX

sXmgnemfn {]ÿm-\-߃ ]cm-P-bs∏-Sp-∂p.

sF≥Sn-bpkn, _nFw-

Fkv t]mep≈ kwL-S-\-Iƒ

BtKm-fo-I-c-WsØ ]n¥p-W-bv°ptºmƒ

knsF-Sn-bp, FsF-Sn-bpkn

apX-emb {]ÿm\-߃°v _Z¬

\n¿t±-in-°m≥ Ign-bm-Ø-Xn-\m¬

^e-Øn¬ `c-W-h¿§ XmXv]cy kwc-

£-I-cmbn amdp-I-bm-Wv.

BtKm-fo-I-c-W-Øn-s\-Xn-cmbn

AJn-te-¥ym-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ \S-

°p∂ {]t£m-`-ß-fn¬ Hmtcm

h¿jw Ign-bp-t¥m-dpw h≥ h¿≤-\hv

D≠m-Ip-∂p. F∂m¬ AXn\v A\pkr-X-ambn

{]X-t£m-`-ßsf i‡ns∏-Sp-Øm\pw

\nc-¥c {]t£m-`-Øn-

kJmhv

2012 sabv

Sn kn kp{_-“-Wy≥ D¬Lm-S\w

sNbvXp. kn]nsF(FwF¬)

kwÿm\ FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv AwKw

cmtPjv A∏m´v A≤y-£X hln- -®p.

kn]nsF(FwF¬) Pn√m -sk-{I-´dn

kn Pn _nPp, Iƒ®-d¬t^mdw

I¨ho-\¿ Fw _n Pb-tLmjv

F∂n-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p. sI ]n apcp-

I≥ kzmK-Xhpw _∂n tPmk^v

\μnbpw ]d-p.

Snbp-knsF kwÿm\ ktΩ-f\w

te¿s∏-Sm\pw sFIy t{SUv bqWnb≥

IΩn‰n ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. sXmgnemfn

h¿§-Øns‚ tbmPn® t]mcm-

´-߃°v am{Xta BtKm-fo-I-c-

WsØ sNdp-°m-\m-hq. AXn\v hnπh-I-c-amb

Hcp t{SUv bqWn-b≥ sI´ns∏-Sp-°m-\p≈

{ia-Øn-emWv SnbpknsF

F∂v skan-\m¿ DZvLm-S\w

sNbvXp-sIm≠v At±lw ]d-p.

kn]n-sF(-Fw-F¬) t]mfn‰v_yqtdm

AwKw k. ]n. sP. Pbnwkv hnjbw

Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p.

AUz. km_n tPmk-^ns‚

A≤y-£-X-bn¬ \S∂ skan-\m-dn¬

FsF-_n-HF ap≥ sk{I-´dn hn.

sI. {]km-Zv, tUm. Pn. kZm-in-h≥

\mb¿, k. ]n. F≥. t{]mhn‚ v XpSßn-b-h¿

kwkm-cn-®p.

29-˛\v \S∂ {]Xn-\n[n ktΩf\Øn¬

AJn-te¥ym sk{I-´dn

dnt∏m¿´v, sFIy {]tabw F∂nh

Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p. XpS¿∂v kwÿm\

dnt∏m¿N´pw AXn-t∑-ep≈

N¿®bpw \S-∂p. ]pXnb `mc-hm-ln-

I-fmbn AUz. km_n tPmk^v

{]kn-U‚ v, FS-t®cn Zmk≥ sshkv

{]kn-U‚ v, Sn.-kn.-kp-{_-“-Wy≥

sk{I-´-dn, A_q-_-°¿, Pb≥

tIm\n-°c F∂-h¿ tPmbn‚ v sk{I-

´-dnamcmbpw, C.-F-kv. tPm¿÷v {Sjd-dmbpw

]pXnb kwÿm\ IΩn-

‰nsb sXc-s-Sp-Øp. kn]n-sF(-

Fw-F¬) ]n.F≥.-t{]m-hn‚ v, FsFsI-sI-Fkv

IΩn-‰n-bwKw _∂n

tPmk^v F∂n-h¿ ktΩ-f-\sØ

A`n-hmZyw sNbvXp.

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines