cava gutta lapidem

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cava gutta lapidem

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odiTganve miiCneven, rom faqti erTob metyveli da

jiutia da es exeba, rogorc movlenis uaryofiT

Sefasebas, aseve _ dadebiTi da sasargeblo tendenciis

gamomzeurebas. amjerad swored pozitiuri kuTxiT

ganvixilavT S. p. s. ,,engurhesis” saqmianobas.

daviwyoT imiT, rom biznesis iniciativaTa saer-

TaSoriso komiteti yovelwliurad afasebs da gamoavlens

msoflios 173 qveynis im kompaniebs, romlebic TvalsaCino

Sedegebs aRweven teqnologiebisa da xarisxis sistemebis

danergvaSi, warmoebis ganviTarebasa da menejmentSi.

jer kidev 2008 wlis martSi, ,,engurhesis”

xelmZRvanelebi miwveuli iyvnen SveicariaSi, sadac

gadaecaT pirveli kategoriis xarisxis saerTaSoriso

jildo. saerTaSoriso komitetma waxalisebasTan erTad

,,engurhess” mouwoda ganegrZo da ganeviTarebina muSaoba

Svidi ZiriTadi mimarTulebiT, esenia: sazogadoebis

xarisxiani momsaxureba; marTvisa da saqmianobis

xarisxobrivi maCveneblebis gaumjobeseba xarisxis marTvis

Sefasebis saerTaSoriso sistemiT dadgenili normebis

Sesabamisad; saqmianobis sferoSi gadawyvetilebebis

miRebisas erToblivi da jgufuri gansjisa da midgomis

danergva; sazogadoebis moTxovnaTa dakmayofileba da

momxmarebelTa molodinis gamarTleba; sakadro resursebis

teqnikur-ekonomikuri donis regularuli gaumjobeseba da

garemos dacvisadmi yuradRebis gamaxvileba; sakadro

resursebis maqsimaluri potencialis misaRwevad zrunva;

kompaniis saerTo miRwevebSi TanamSromelTa Taosnobisa da

monawileobis amaRleba. rogorc vxedavT, valdebulebad

daisaxa arealis srulyofa da miT ufro faseulia is,

rom saerTaSoriso komitetma ,,engurhesis” miRwevebi 2010

wlisaTvis aRniSna umaRlesi kategoriis jildoTi,

romelic kompaniis xelmZRvanelobas SarSan, 25 oqtombers,

parizSi gadaeca. da kvlav sasixarulo Setyobineba:

evropis saerTaSoriso xarisxis asociaciis ,,parizis

klubis” Semfasebelma komisiam ,,engurhesi” waradgina

2010 wlis umaRlesi kategoriis jildos miRebaze. misi

gadacemis ceremoniali dagegmilia ama wlis 20 dekembers,

JenevaSi. ase gamoiyureba Sefasebebi da perspeqtivebi.

yovelive amas ki win uZRvis mTeli koleqtivis

erTsulovani garja da dauRalavi Sroma.

isev cifrebi da faqtebi: mTeli meoTxedi saukunis

manZilze ,,engurhesi” sruli cveTis reJimiT muSaobda;

4


mxolod 2003 wlidan gaxda SesaZlebeli Catarebuliyo sami

hidroagregatis, eleqtro-meqanikuri mowyobilobebis, saderivacio gvirabis,

TaRovani kaSxlis muSa meqanizmebis, mravali kvan- Zisa da danadgaris

sareabilitacio samuSaoebi. amis kvalobaze sadguri gamarTulad da

saimedod amuSavda. xolo 22 wlis ganmavlobaSi qveynis hidrogiganti aTi

Tvis ukve miRweuli da darCe- nili ori Tvis mosalodneli Sedegebis

gaTvalis- winebiT pirvelad gamoimuSavebs 4.2 miliard kilovatsaaTze met

eleqtroenergias, rac 2009-2010 w. w. damtkicebul wliur balansze

metia TiTqmis 900 milioni kilovatsaaTiT. amasTan momxmarebels

miewodeba maRalxaris- xovani energia. bolo sami wlis manZilze

,,engurhesze” ar momxdara arc erTi avaria. muSaoba mim- dinareobs

saxelmwifo eleqtrosistemis sadis- peCero samsaxuris mier dadgenili

grafikis zusti dacviT. 10 TveSi gamomuSavebuli eleqtroenergiis saerTo

moculobidan oTx mezobel saxelmwifoSi eq- sportirebulia 796 milioni

kilovat/saaTi. maT Soris ruseTSi 718 mln.kvt.sT-ze meti.amJamad

wyalsacavis done da sadguris saimedooba gvaZlevs imis garantias, rom

winamdebare zamTris periodSi momxmarebeli eleqtroenergias

Seuferxeblad miiRebs.isic mTavaria, rom axla mimdinareobs reabilitaciis

meore faza, romelic gulisxmobs darCe- nili #1 da #5 agregatebis

ganaxlebas. aseve vardnilhesebis hidroteqnikuri nagebobebisa da

hidormeqanikuri mowyobilobebis reabilitacias. am samuSaoebis damTavreba

dagegmilia 2013 wlis bolosTvis. amis Sedegad kaskadi sruli simZlavriT

amoqmeddeba. diax, faqtebi TavisTavad bevrs metyveleben. Tanac aseve

yuradsaRebia erToblivi Zalisxmevisa da urTierTTanadgomis suliskveTeba,

rac winsvlis damatebiT muxts Seicavs. am mxriv metad tevadi da

niSandoblivia parizSi jildos gadmocemisas Cvendami gamovlenili

interesi da enTuziazmi, kerZod, im cnobis mosmenisas, rom siZneleTa

miuxedavad, ,,engurhesi” welSi imarTeba da xelovnuri sazRvris miRma

darCenil afxazeTs energias ufasod awvdis. diax, win axali amocanebia,

romelTa gadaWra mudmiv keTilgonierebas da energiulobas moiTxovs.

5

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ceatdfc ceatdfc smdtycfc smdtycfc fhf fhf tmy tmytc tmy tmytc

tc lfcfchek lfcfchek= lfcfchek ~kerf6 I6 ##`7


RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

ara

ara

marto

marto

samecniero

samecniero

axlaxan gamoica giorgi farulavas, maia

gergedavasa da avTandil Wolokavas

monografia ,,mTaTaSoriseuli kolxeTis

ekolo giur-faunisturi Taviseburebebi~.

naSromSi gadmocemulia kolxeTis, kerZod,

centraluri odiSis danawevrebuli platos,

gorak-serebis da vake-dablobis cxovelTa

samyaros faunisturi CamonaTvali, romlis

saxeobrivi Semadgenlobis formirebaze

sxvadasxva ekologiur faqtorTan erTad

zegavlenas axdens, zogadad, kolxeTis

barisTvis damaxasiaTebeli teniani

subtropikuli klimati. sarecenzio

monografiaSi ganxi- lulia mTaTaSoriseuli

kolxeTis klastokar stuli, urTabias,

unagiras, gorak-serebisa da vake-dablobis

eklogiur-faunistur prob- lemebi. avtorebis

mier gamokvleuli saki-Txebi exeba qveynis am

mxaris geomorfolo giur, hidrologiur,

klimatur, niadaguri da sxva faqtorebis

Seswavlis fonze faunis ZiriTadi elementebis

farTo speqtrs. amis garda, sakmaod

dawvrilebiT aris gaSuqebuli iseTi

sakiTxebi, rogoricaa: malariis kerebis

xelaxla gavrcelebis saSiSroeba da maTi

prevenciis SesaZlebeli gzebi. sagulisxmoa,

rom naSromSi Setanilia g. farulavas mier

bolo periodSi aRwerili mecnierebisTvis

10

axali oTxi saxeoba qerclfrTi anebis

razmidan. monografiaSi didi adgili ukavia

mocemul teritoriaze arsebul sasoflosameurneo

da satyeo meurneobisTvis

mniSvnelovani mavneblebis daxasiaTebas,

gavrcelebas, maT morfologiasa da

biologias, maTTan ekologiurad

gamarTlebul brZolis RonisZiebebs.

originaluria da mimzidveli

Semo- Tavazebuli fotomasala. mkiTxvels

eZleva saSualeba gaecnos samegrelos

warmtac bunebas. ixilos jer kidev

SemorCenili kolxuri jiSis vazebi,

maT Soris, egurZguri, uxuCeSi, Cexardani,

koloSi. sarecenzio wigns aqvs kidev erTi,

metad mniSvnelovani datvirTva, masSi

naTladaa naCvenebi turizmis gafarToebis

potenciali, romelic gaaCnia am lamaz mxares.

wigns aqvs ara marto samecniero, aramed

praqtikuli mniSvneloba da sazogadoebis

farTo wreebi mas gansakuTrebuli

interesiT Sexvdnebian.

Tengiz Tengiz Tengiz (gizo) (gizo) (gizo) uruSaZe,

uruSaZe,

saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa erovnuli

akademiis wevr-korespondenti, biologiis

mecnierebaTa doqtori, profesori.

,,saqarTvelos respublika”, #149, 11, 08, 2010 w.

***

2010 wlis 2-3 dekembers ruseTis

medicinis mecnierebaTa akademiam

moskovSi Caatara saerTaSoriso

samecni ro konferencia Temaze:

,,kvlevis Tanamedrove mimarTu lebebi _

Tavis tvinis funqciuri naxevarsferoT-

Sorisi asimetria da

plastikuroba”, sadac monawile obda

qarTveli mec- nieri, Cveni Jurnalis

saredaqcio kolegiis wevri, biologiis

mecnierebaTa doqtori, profesori

giorgi farulava da TanaavtorebTan

erTad gaakeTa moxseneba: ,,ontogenezSi

naxevarsfe- roTSorisi asimetriis

neiro da fsiqofiziologiuri

formirebis koreliatebi”.

warmodgenilma naSromma didi interesi

gamoiwvia samedicino-biologiuri

mimarTulebis samecniero

sazogadoebaSi. naSromi gamoqveynebulia

konferenciis masalebSi. el. misamarTi:

edopo l2 @ yandex. ru


WBWMYF WBWMYF 2PJQFI 2PJQFI ,THTAT3 ,THTAT3 KFPTSIB

KFPTSIB

25 ivniss, paraskevs, Tbilisidan matarebliT

Casuls megzurobasa da maspinZlobas,

baton zaur zaur naWyebiasTan naWyebiasTan erTad,

baTumeli dumbaZeebi dumbaZeebi gagviweven. sul

male Semogvi- erTdebian saxelovani

aWarlebi: avTandil avTandil kaxiZe kaxiZe da suliko

suliko

futkaraZe. futkaraZe. am ukanas- knels aqaurebi,

,maWaxlels~ eZaxian. sarfisken daZrulebs

gzad cnobili lazi poeti da mTargmenli

batoni iaSaiaSaTandi- Tandi- Tandi- lava lava Semog

vierTdeba. did iaSas (iaSar momRerals

niSnavs Tur- qulad) karga xania Soridan

vicnob misive poeziiT, leqsi konbiTa da

11

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB

cnobili cnobili lazi lazi mu mu musikosisa mu musikosisa

sikosisa da da Semsruleblis Semsruleblis qazim qazim qoiunju qoiunjus

qoiunju

gardacvalebidan gardacvalebidan gardacvalebidan xuTi xuTi xuTi weli weli Sesrulda. Sesrulda. Aam Aam TariRis TariRis aRsaniSnavad

aRsaniSnavad

,,TurqeT-saqarTvelos ,,TurqeT-saqarTvelos kulturul-ekonomikuri kulturul-ekonomikuri urTierTobis

urTierTobis

mravaletapiani mravaletapiani proeqtis proeqtis egidiT, egidiT, iTargmna iTargmna iTargmna da da qarTul-Turqulad

qarTul-Turqulad

sagamomcemlo sagamomcemlo saxl saxl ,,inovaciis~ ,,inovaciis~ mier mier (direqtori (direqtori zaur zaur naWyebia)

naWyebia)

gamoqveynda gamoqveynda qazim qazim qoiunjus qoiunjus ukanaskneli ukanaskneli dRis dRis amsaxveli amsaxveli amsaxveli novela novela ,,zoRaS

,,zoRaS

berefe~ berefe~ (,,zRvis (,,zRvis Svilebi~). Svilebi~). CemTvis CemTvis _ _ avtorisaTvis avtorisaTvis es es metad metad sagulisxmo sagulisxmo da

da

gasaxari gasaxari faqti faqti faqti gaxldaT, gaxldaT, magram magram miT miT ufro ufro mniSvnelovani mniSvnelovani iyo iyo am am pawawina

pawawina

orenovani orenovani broSuris broSuris prezentacia prezentacia TurqeTis TurqeTis respublikaSi, respublikaSi, qalaq qalaq xofaSi,

xofaSi,

ufro ufro zustad zustad sofel sofel panWolSi, panWolSi, sadac sadac daibada daibada da da da gaizarda gaizarda gaizarda es es uniWieresi,

uniWieresi,

RmerTisgan RmerTisgan xeldasxmuli xeldasxmuli xelovani.

xelovani.

mamuliSviluri saqmeebiT, magram Zalian

bevri damikargavs axlodan arcnobis gamo.

iaSa Tandilava gaxlavT erT-erTi

umTavresi Seuryeveli burji lazeTsaqarTvelos

gamaerTianebeli xidisa.

amaSi delegaciis TiToeuli wevri

darwmundeba, rogorc aq, qarTul lazeTSi,

sarfSi, ise _ iq, xofas lazebTan urTier-

Tobis Jams. iqaurebi am saocar adamians

,,zRvis Svils” eZaxian. imediTa da

siyvaruliT Sescicineben. moxuci lazebi

fexze wamoud- gebian; Suaxnisebi eniT

aRuwereli pativiscemiT Rebuloben,


RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

patarebi gazafxuliT amovsebuli

TvalebiT Sescqerian. lazurad jumas

(Zmas) uwodeben da ojaxis wevrad miiCneven.

ar vici, am adamianma rogor moaxerxa

aseTi da amodena siyvarulis mopoveba,

magram erTia _ iaSa Tandilava ,,aqeTa da

iqiTa lazebis~ manjRveria, winamZRoli,

anu _ lideri. TurqeTSi mcxovrebi erTi

mxcovani lazi hamit hamit sojitoRlu

sojitoRlu

sojitoRlu

gvimtkicebs:

_ Cveni carieli sulis amomvsebiao Tavisi

poeziiT iaSa Tandilava.

avTandil avTandil kaxiZe kaxiZe Tavs moiklavs da

sakuTari ,,mersedesiT~ mamapapiseul saxlSi

(romelic iqve sarfis gzispiridan gadasaxvev

patara da lamaz ,,axalsofelSi~ mdebareobs),

agviyvans.

_ Cemi marnis Rvino unda wamoviRo, ssrk-s

rom gadavalT, xom unda davlioT qarTuli

miwa-wylisao.

iaSa Tandilava da zaur naWyebia lazebis

da qarTvelebis urTierTobaze aTas rames

igoneben. iaSa Tandilava hyveba saxelovani

lazebis: semin semin oRlis, oRlis, oRlis, fuSut fuSut fuSut aRas, aRas, eseT

eseT

xojasa xojasa xojasa da sba sba saRlodilus

saRlodilus saRlodilus gulSi

Camwvdom Tavgadasavlebs. sarfSi misulebs

SemogvierTdeba mxcovani lazi, saSualo

skolis yofili direqtori da

saxelganTqmuli fizikosi zurab zurab vaniliSi.

vaniliSi.

sarfel lazebSi legendebs hyvebian batoni

zurabis mamaze, saxelgan- Tqmul Tamadaze da

erTsulovan lazze. baton zurabs Zalian bevri

naTesavi, biZaSvilebi, deidaSvilebi da

mamidaSvilebi hyavs TurqeTis lazeTSi. erTs

TurqeT-saqarTvelos sazRvarTan gavic nobT.

iqve aRmarTuli minareTidan gamosuls.

_ asea, Cemo batonebo, erTi babuis Svili-

Svilebidan nawili qristiania, nawili _

musulani da nawilic _ saerTod, aTeistio, _

ityvis batoni zurabi. TavianTi manqaniT

SemogvierTdeba kidev ori lazi _ gela gela

gela

vaniliSi vaniliSi (vaniZe) da jumber jumber jumber kakabiSi

kakabiSi

(kakabaZe). gela vaniliSi mSobliur lazurTan

da qarTulTan erTad srulfas- ovnad

flobs Turquls.

zugdididan dagvianebiT Semogvier Tdebian

proeqtis xelmZRvaneli, mwerali guri guri

guri

otobaia otobaia da profesori giorgi giorgi farulava

farulava.

farulava

am odiSari kacis naxSirisfe- ri ji piT

sazR varze gadasuls batoni iaSa sarfis

goraze wamoWimuli lazebis mWidrod

dasaxlebuli soflis Tavze wamomarTul

eklesias gvaCvenebs.

_ es eklesia sruliad saqarTvelos

kaTolikos-patriarqis, misi uwmindesobis

12


13

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB

ilia ilia meo meor meo es es locva-kurTxeviTa da

ZalisxmeviT aSenda, samasi lazi mowamis

saxel obisaa da amave saxelobis

naeklesiarze aigoo.

zRva mSvidia, TiTqos qazimis simReris

mosmena surs da amitomac ganabuliao. mze

cxunebiT eurCeba garemos. minareTidan molas

moZaxilis Semdgom sufras gaSlian

zRvispira lodze da iaSa Tandilava pirvel

sadRegrZelod samSoblos dalocavs,

ocnebiT nikofsiidan darubandamde gaWendeba

da trapizonis zRvisfer sivrces

miesaTuTeba. masve mibaZaven: avTandil kaxi-

Ze, suliko kakabaZe, gela da zurab vaniliSebi,

zaur naWyebia da Tqveni mona-morCili. batoni

iaSa sruliad saqarTve- los sulieri mamis,

misi uwmindesobis, kaTolikos-patriarqis

ilia ilia meoris meoris sadRegrZelos aswevs, fexze

wamo- vudgebiT da CvenTan erTad

wamoimarTebian musulmani lazebi da

sixaruliT SeuerTde- bian sadRegrZelos.

eseT eseT vaniliSi vaniliSi ityvis:

_ sarwmunoebis sxvaobis miuxedavad, Cven,

lazebs gvwams, rom saqarTvelos dRes hyavs

udidesi sulieri mama, romelic cdilobs

yvelaferi gaakeTos Tavisi sulieri

Svilebis rwmenis gasamtkiceblad. Cven viciT,

rom misi uSualo xelmZRvanelobiT dafuZnda

lazuri radio da sapatriarqos televizia.

minda icodeT, rom mTeli lazeTi am radiosaa

miyuradebuli. man SeZlo minavluli sulieri

keris gaRviveba da is Cveni mamacaa.

Jruanteli damivlis da cremlis burTi

yelSi gameCreba. yvelasgan moulodnelad

,,mze Sina da mze gareTa~ amoxrotindeba

sulidan. aTasi juris gamvlel-gamomvleli

Cvenkenaa moTvalmzerebuli. amyvebian lazi

Zmebi, am simReras xom maTTvis sulmnaTi

qazim qoiunju mReroda.

A_ ar davigvianoT, qeifs sxva drosac

movaswrebTo, _ Tadarigs iWers batoni zauri

da or banakad daviyofiT. erTis megzurmoene

zurab vaniliSia, meorisa _ gela

vaniliSi. me am ukanasknelis manqanaSi

movxvdebi da arc vinaneb. daZabuli gidi

gamodgeba batoni gela. saWesTan mjdari

yvelafers iseTi guldasmiT gvixsnis,

SevSindebiT kidec: ariqa, saWe ar gaeqces da

raime faTeraks ar vewioTo, magram mis

profesionalizmSi maleve davrwmundebiT.

_ aq sul lazebi cxovroben, Cveneburebi.

amdeni xnis zewolis miuxedavad, TiToeul

maTganSi ise mZafradaa gamjdari warsulisadmi

pativiscema, gaocdebiT. merwmuneT, cali

TvaliT saqarTvelos arian mimzerilni, _


RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

iseTi aRfrTovanebiT ityvis amas Cveni

winamZRoli, rom aTas kiTxvas dabadebs da

gavabamT saintereso dialogs Cveni uaxloesi

naTesavebis _ lazebis irgvliv:

_ aq, xofaSi lazebTan da TurqebTan erTad,

musulmani somxebic cxovroben, _ hemSilebi;

arian qurTebic, magram absolu- turi umrav

lesoba _ 70 procentze meti _ lazia _

gangvanaTlebs gela batoni. didi xididan

marcxniv gadavux vevT. aqeTaa panWoli, qazimis

mSobliuri sofeli. gadasaxvevTan

uSvelebeli baneria am didebuli momRerlis

gamo saxulebiT. gzadagza isriani niSnulebi

warweriT gvauwyeben: ,,qazim qazim qoiunjus

qoiunjus

saflavi saflavi iqiTaa iqiTaa~.TandaTan iqiTaa

aRmarTi daiwyeba.

didebulad moasfaltebul viwro gzas

xelmarcxniv Tvalfiruza Rele Camoudis,

TxmelebiTa da akaciebiT napirgamagrebuli.

xelmarjvniv saguldagulod movlili Cais

plantaciebia da Txilis xSir-xSiri

nargavebi. gzispirze yvelgan venaxisa da kivis

talavrebia gadmoCrdiluli.

_ CxorowyuSi, WoRaSi mgonia Tavi.

RmerTo, dideba Sens saxels, rogor

tyupiscaliviT hgavs mTian samegrelos es

alagebi, _ foriaqobs isedac vercxliswyaliviT

daudgromeli zaur naWyebia. gzaSi

axalgazrdebs gavaCerebT.

gela SeekiTxeba:

_ lazebi xarTo. SekiTxva arc unda iseTi

yirmizebi da zRvisferTvalebani arian, eWvs

ar iwvevs, maTi warmomavloba.

_ ki lazebi varTo, _ daudastureben, kvlav

lazurad etyvis raRacas. dadumde- bian,

gaiRimeben da amoRerRaven:

_ gvesmis lazuri, magram ver vsaub robTo.

kidev SeekiTxeba raRacas Cveni locmani

axalgazrdebs da xelad mogviTargmnis:

_ stambolidan arian sazafxulo arda

degebze mSobliur sofelSi Camosulebi.

aqaurebma kargad ician lazuri, magram ai,

stambolSi, ankarasa Tu sxva didi qalaqis

14

axalgazrdebs uWirT mSobliur enaze

dalaparakeba da Tu ase gagarZelda, saerTod

daaviwydebaTo.

_ sinanuli gamosWvivis winamZRolis xmaSi,

magram myisve gadaiyris Wmunvas _ imedi maqvs,

RmerTi ar gagvwiravso.

_ gela, Tu ar miwyen, erTi SekiTxva maqvs,

_ etyvis batoni zaur naWyebia.

_ brZane, _ ganabulia Cveni megzuri.

_ gulsac xom unda SeekiTxo, qristiani

var Tu musulmani?

_ ki, aseao! _ daudasturebs mewinave da

iqve ganagrZobs, _ qristiani Cemo batono,

qristiani! Tavidan musulmani viyavi, winadacveTac

gakeTebuli maqvs magaT rjulze, magram

Cem nenem daiJina: Cveni RmerTi egaao da

movinaTle Txutmeti wlis asakSi. Tavad mus

ulmanad darCa. gamiWirdeba sxvagvari

msaxurebao. aba, Cven baRanebs ras gverCi-meTqi?

WeSmaritebisken gibiZgebTo. egeTi kargnene

myavs. CvenTan umetesoba egrea. gzajvardinze

erT traf aretze migviTiTebs gela.

_ iciT ra aweria?! ,,adgili, sadac Cveni

qazimi cocxlad ar aris!~ ai, im maRlobze

ariso qazimis saflavi. marcxniv, brol-

Relis Tavze mwvaneSi Cafluli xSirtyiani

mTa gad- mogvyurebs.

_ es mTa gareuli RorebiTaa savse.

aqaurebis umetesoba ar Wams Roris xorcs,

sZulT Rorebi. sarfel monadireebs

gvexvewebian, daxoceT ramdenic gindaTo,

magram Cveni mesazRvreebi gvikrZalaven raime

daavadebis Semotanis SiSiT.

mze mcxunvarebs TavgamodebiT. imdeni

xalxi ireva, vxvdebiT, rom qazimis saflavi

axlosaa. ucxouri markis manqanebis teva araa.

avtobusebs zogs ,,stamboli~ aweria, zogsac

_ ,,rize~, ,,konia”, ,,ankara”... ,,jipebisa~ da e. w.

saojaxo mikro-avtobusebis jgroa, uRrani,

usieri. uSvelebel gvirgvins war- weriT:

,,did did laz laz laz momRerals momRerals momRerals qazim qazim qazim qoiunju qoiunju qoiunjus

qoiunju qoiunju

qarTveli qarTveli Zmebisgan~ Zmebisgan~ _ iaSa Tandilava


15

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB

waiRebs, ukan mivyvebiT. aRfrTovanebiT Seg- vxvdeba zRva xalxi, romelTa umravlesobas

qazimis gamosaxulebiani maisurebi acvia, danarCenebs suraTi aqvT gulTan mikruli. qazimis

simReras usmenen. RvTaebrivi xma enanaveba mwvaneSi Caflul irgvliveTs. eniT auwereli

ovaciebiT gvxvdebian qarTul delegacias. tirili... qviTini... moTqma... da wuxiliani

sixaruli...qazimis mama gvegebeba saflavTan da saTiTaod madlobas gvixdis. aseve iqcevian

qazimis da-Zmebi. Tavis monumen- tur ,,hounanasTan~ erTad guri otobaia WirisuflebSi

arigebs cicqna ,,zoRaS berefes~. am ukanasknels qazimis deda, romelic aseve uTbilesad

mogvefereba yvelas, saflavis qvas miadebs am bilingva _ orenovan novelas da gulmduRare

godebiT Seesityveba zenaarss. ,,gurjistans~ gaiZaxian damxvdurebi da TiToeulis survilia:

movides, mogveferos, madliereba gamoxatos imis gamo, rom Cvenc maTsaviT gviyvars da

pativs vcemT maT saTayvanebel qazims, adamians, romelmac sulis arseboba SeagrZnobina

CaliCiT gaTangul engid unias. stambolis erT-erTi telekompaniis Jurnalisti gveubneba:

_ qazimi maRalma RmerTma gamogvigzavna, WeSmaritebis SesagrZnobadao. ankareli mxatvaric

igives gvimtkicebs:

_ qazimi ca iyo, romlis Camobnelebac CvenTvis eniT auwereli tkiviliao.

yvelas unda raRaca Tqvas, Semogvxmianos, Tavisi tkivili gagviziaros. Catanil wignebs

Tvalis daxamxamebaSi wargvtaceben lazebi da iqve daiwyeben Turquli Targmanis kiTxvas.

sityviT gamomsvlelbi enawylianad ixseneben qazims, am saocari niWisa da gulis xelovans.

***

rogorc yvelaferi da yovelive bunebaSi, es dRec dasruldeba. saRamos gem-restoranSi

gavagrZeleT. simRera. musika. poezia. cekva da SegrZneba usasrulobisa... maspinZlebi ver

gvelevian. ,,darCiTo, erTmaneTi rigianad movalxinoTo”, _ gvemudarebian, magram mainc

gavikrifebiT saTiTaod... zRva aris usaSvelod mSvidi da talRaTa umSvenieresi

xatfibulebiT efunjeba cas...

laSa laSa gvasalia,

gvasalia,

Jurnali ,,xeleuri”,

#2, 2010 w.


RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

VBD>DTS VBD>DTS THBC THBC CEKBTH CEKBTH VFVFC

VFVFC

fqcheklf xtvj kfpj6 ‘vfj6 xtvj pjqfib ,thtd6 xtvj mfpbv mjbey]e6 $))) otkboflb ufvjwbcrhjdlf

vb,ehect,ekb xdtyb sdfkcfobthblfy6 xdtyb [fkb,-/fkb’jyt,bc6 xdtyb rfhle[t,bc lf /

tyb- j[t,bc6 xdtyb gtkfput,bc lf rjhb,fynt,bc6 xdtyb vfhufkt,bcf lf mfhseit,bc _ pjuflfl ghjnjb,thbekb

vjluvbc _ pqdf [fk[bc cekbtht,bc cbdhwt7

dbyvt stdprfwb bjfyb thbshbbc pqdblfy uflvjdf vtcjgjnfvbbc cfv[htsbs lf flubkj,hbd dtkeh

njvt,c ufyfyfskt,c lfvothkj,bs6 vbofsvjmvtlt,bs6 hrbybc ufvjlyj,bc cfblevkjt,bs6 hjrdbs lf

ufkj,bs6 fye vjf[ltyc vfs cbymhjybpfwbfc6 ufojyfcojht,fc6 /fhvjybfib vjb.dfyc thsvfytsbc vjmbigt

‘fkt,c6 itfsfdct,c itesfdct,kt,c7

ghjnjmfhsekb ]bi-]bkfubc vbcbf6 lbf[fw6 itesfdct,tk ufypjvbkt,fsf itsfdct,f uf[klfs

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itrevidf6 vfuhfv dbyfblfy vstkb cfv.fhj rjynbyeevbf _ cfvthsbfyb lhj6 fov.j-ofhcek-vjvfdkbc

]fvb lf df;fbc smvbcfvt,h6 yt,bcvbthb fq’hekb ,uthf6 vj’hfj,f6 athb6 hfrb vrdblhfl iteyf[fdc /

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lfdtctc[js xdtyb vfcekluvekt,tkb vfw[jdhbc yf,h’yj,c5 fhfhfb fhfhfb lfhxtc lfhxtc lfafhek=

lfafhek=

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rbkj-rfdpt fvqthlt,f htytcfycbc tgjmfib lf cfrfwj,hbj nhfutlbt,c lffpjlt,c 2qdsft,hbdb

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16


17

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB

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jmhjqbkt,b gbhdtk.jabkb seitsblfy8 sfdc ptvjs ‘fkf fh fhbc _ fvbcsfyf uf[kfds

uehb jnj,fbfc itvjmvtlt,bsb cdtw5 hjvfyt,c6 tctt,c cfsf.dfyt,tkb cfkbnthfnehj mfhsekbs

s[pfdc6 xtvj kfpj ‘vfj6 vfuhfv ityc vbth vtvktmtsbc cfmdbsbyjl itv’hfd /jeyfyfc _ lfcf,fvbctekb

vtuhekbs7

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eovbyltcbcf lf eytnfhtcbc6 bkbf vtjhtc fvfcobyfyltkb cfij,fj tgbcnjkt5

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eylf

vjeahs[bkltc8 vjeahs[bkltc8 xdtyc xdtyc tyfib tyfib tyfib ufw[flt,ekbf ufw[flt,ekbf xdtyb xdtyb bcnjhbf6 bcnjhbf6 xdtyb xdtyb vcjakfqmvf vcjakfqmvf lf lf fphjdyt,bc

fphjdyt,bc

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cbn.dt,c5

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sbsjtekb

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rfwbc

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37

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!^) cfl ,fbf lf ‘f[dtkb9=

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cbrdlbkcf

upf upf dbohj6 dbohj6 dthwf dthwf dthwf rkljdfyb6

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RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

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bm b.j xtvb gtgthf6

cbn.dfl bjkb hfv fhbc7

lfdbylts ‘vt,j6 .jhfyb

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38

/eubyb /eubyb

/eubyb

2dby smdf mfhsdtksf ufktdf6 _

yfgbhvjnt[df wbcfcf9=

epfkseybs dth fbdcjc

vptc hjv eidthlt mbcfcf6

qdfh’kb [jh,fksfy stcbkf6

lflut,f ;fvb vrbcfcf6

fo ufyfhxtdty ewljvkfl6

cfqc6 aientcf se vmbcfcf7

hjlbc lfnjdt, jiehtc9=

@%) vj6 xtvrty ufvjtieht=

jlb b.j lf uft[cyf

bvfc vtfst wfhudfkb6

rfwb eafksfy fvfqklf6

vjbcgj zjzib cfhufkb6

nke b.j tctw6 ufv[lfhf

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mfhsdtkfl bmwf jcnfnb

sb[fpt cbn.dbc vfhufkb7

vjvfhst ahst,b sfdse[f6

@^) xtvrty bxmfht ifdne[fd=3

B

I. 4. Llikani

Sereulia likanSi

wiwvs kedari da lafani,

aq xidi aris calpira _

msuye nislebis baqani,

mogebuli aqvs juRaSvils

omis kalo da Wapani,

xevi xevebSi Camjdara,

rogorc maranSi lagvani.

kowia wignTan rom davobs, D

010 stalini xidze bolTaobs.

aRar salmoben erTmaneTs,

mweralia Tu beladi,

erTma sisxlisgan akinZa

ciskrebi ferad-feradi,

meorem jabna macili

amsxvria aTasReradi,

iqve biWuna mimorbis,

nagazi wvdeba welamdi.

cerze: Tasma da mimino.

020 ,,vina Tqva, movawvimino?”


konstantine: Sen uTxari,

simusia Tu soseli,

sad aris turfa qveyana,

TeTrebiT Sesamoseli?!

rad aris mxare iverTa,

avgias Tavla-boseli?!

fiqrebi daglertebula,

uTxari: romel dros eli?!

Tqvas yvelaferi marTali,

030 xom aris mTavarsardali?!

ki aris genesimusi,

Tavi ufali hgonia,

ki griuberi moaSTo,

is marTlac funagoria,

milionebi xoca da

cimbirSi ConCxis goria,

uTxari visi jiSia,

uTxari visi goria,

tanze viTarca perangi

040 mogvargo arqi pelagi.

stalini: bevrs iWinTeba,

eg Seni mama kowia,

ameebs undaT samSoblo,

romelic ganaboZia,

tyveebi Camoiyvana,

sulebi anawowia,

zviadauris tyviisgan

mucali danaZoZia.

Cven vcadeT gaTanabreba,

050 sanTeli TvisiT Caqreba.

samSoblosaTvis qadagebs

arsukeiZes umReris,

is awarsulebs dRevandels,

ver daTmo misi uReli.

ubeSi rogor Caisvam

mogimravldeba Tu xeli?

albaT, gaigo _ nevadam

atomi sinja wuxeli.

giSvelis turfa qveyana,

060 planeta Tu namexara?

nawilis mTelTan kavSiri _

kantis ,,filainkaintebs’’,

erTi misxalic moakldes,

naTura veRar ainTebs.

gaizrdebi da mixvdebi

sawuTros aid-baidebs.

rogoro? cira gul-mkerdso

zed muxlisTavze daidebs.

Sens Tavzec mova rgolebi,

070 ros Segvecvleba rolebi.

39

tyviis magivrad ver isvri

iq vardebsa da yvavilebs:

roca tvirTis qveS erTia

da Cvili iwyebs sxavilebs,

meore CrdilSi nebivrobs,

niaviT iqrobs qavilebs,

moxval da Seni skiptrebi

mogimravleben Cxavilebs.

ras moiazrebs naTlia,

080 Tu yana gasamarglia?!

ar gamoxSirav uta da

nuRarc mosavals moeli,

es kanonia bunebis

kolxia Tu didoeli,

amas gviymuis meCeTi,

buda Tu sinagoeli,

moxval da naxav sawuTros,_

berwia, mravalrtoeli.

a _ mwerali da sardali,

090 naxav, vin aris marTali.

buneba mbrZanebelia,

igiv monao Tavisa,

vaJa-fSavelas, Tqmulia _

sicocxle saesavisa,

sad kamaraa jixvebis,

iq iraoa svavisa,

ru ibadeba sikvdiliT

zRvaTagan SesarTavisa.

TiTqos ioli ram aris

100 zidva almis da samaris.

samyaro SeTavsebaa

SeuTavsebel cnebaTa,

jamia kuWis wrialis

da kidev zRva ocnebaTa,

mravali Wiri visarTe,

cxadia, amoc mebada,

aristotele ikiTxe, _

mogvia damowmebaTa.

samyaros cota ajamebs.

110 daxSuli karis anjamebs

igi gagixsnis yurTamde,

marqsi aris Tu engelsi,

Sejamebaa mTavari,

mwifoba aris enkenSi,

kowia faqtebs axvavebs,

bevri aqvs gasakenkeSi,

magram ver naxav marTebuls,

rac daskvnebia engenSi.

foTols fexiT rom moede,

120 Senc Camoxvalo, goeTem.

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB


RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

aq ori ganzomileba

okeane da wveTia,

myinvaris fuZe vis axsovs,

TvalebTan mudam wvetia,

sicocxle, raic gveboZa

kldovania Tu wyleTia,

aTasjer ganaskvulia,

aTasjer ganawyvetia.

erT pinazea meoba,

130 sxvagan _ xalxi da Zeoba.

orive iTxovs sufevas

da oqros kveTa Zneldeba,

erTi ganTiads rom eltvis,

iq meoresTan bneldeba,

moWrili toti fiCxia

da veRarafriT wkneldeba,

erTi rom gimwvervaldeba,

meore giqveskneldeba.

ai, sad aris dilema,

140 moxval da gagemxileba.

a, gaikrifnen mtredebi,

radgan mofrinda yorani,

Tumca qveynisTvis isini

arian sworis sworani,

SuaSi talRa swrafia,

napirTanaa mdorani,

kenWi ara Cans, Tumca ki

misiT Sendeba gorani.

moxval da Tavad iazreb,

150 Tuki momakvdavs miaswreb.

,,mas ar esmoda yornebis

mistiur idumalebis,

ki, win elaga samyaros

saxsrebia Tu malebi,

faruli iyo imisTvis

CemTan mosuli Zalebi.

nayvavilari saxe da

Tvalebi nafermkrTalebi.

arc mamaCemma icoda,

160 Tumc ,,prezidenti” miwoda.

Sen iqnebio pirveli

qarTveli eris meoxe,

imisi sulis mwyemsi da

imisi amambeoxe,

mospeo misi duSmani,

imisi amadeoxe,

imisi sarevela da

misi lencofa meoxre.

yornebma meti ician.

170 eseni tyuils fician.

40

aRmaSenebels umReris,

romelmac isinanula,

vis Wyondideli moZRvravda,

sazogadod Tu malulad,

ori zRvis Sua alagma

sarkinozebis marula,

cxenze mjdomare mxedarma

samisdRemSiod warula.

RmerTic ar ityvis sxva rames,

180 bnelTa rom daawkvarames.

ar irwunoo sxva RmerTi,

kerpebi miyar-moyare,

pativi eci mSoblebso,

maT win muxlebi moyare,

ara kac-hklao, xatebav,

cils nu swamebo moyvares,

xan iSiSvleo maxvili

da mosaTxreli moTxare.

ar imruSoo, nu qurdob,

190 lelo gagaqvso uburTod.

xnulSi xorbali Teseo,

yanebma iwyon RaRani,

arwevdes mTebis niavi

da jixvis rqaTa jaxani,

purad rom daTavTavdeba,

odes gaivlis ra xani, _

RvarZlisgan ganarCieo,

Sewydeso kbilTa Wmaxani.

ai, Seyra da ganyofa,

200 ikmare raic gamyofa.

ar darCenila sami dRe

is xidTan idga cismare,

gaRma napirad tinia,

rogorc yismaTi yismare,

is nislebs iqiT xedavda,

rac ZilSi davisizmare.

limuzinebi movidnen

da gagvecala myisvare.

mklavi aswia civilad

210 da mainc gamiRimila.

nuTu xeldasxma asea?

wveTisgan iSvi veqtori,

netav vina xar, romeli,

aqilevsi Tu heqtori?

prezidentobas gerCivna

yofiliyavi leqtori,

xom agcdeboda wanwali,

Jiletebi da beg-Tori?!

darCenili xar avara,

220 ori yoranis amara.


pirveli Turme fiqria,

saxelad hqvia hugini,

meore winaTgrZnobaa,

orive _ azris xurjini,

idadan moqris munini,

maCinia Tu uCini,

marTlac samyaros sulia,

cabaoTia Tu jini?!

totze dawyvilda orive,

230 Tvalebi moaSorive~.

mesxia

ukacrieli rom moCans,

iq saflobia kameCis,

Cveniania patroni,

netav qaqanad rame mrjis?!

meurne aris friadi,

erTguli fuZis da nerCis,

yveli aqvT gadazelili, _

elarji misiT nabeWi.

dedakaci hyavs aife,

240 megrulad momusaife.

ician stumris fasi da

xatebia Tu mironi,

memkvidre erTi hyoliaT,

ar eTqmiT uSvilZironi,

aq wawolilan leRvebi

xorklian-foTolxSironi,

aqvea nuSi Wiota

da kidev _ unabi ori.

Camwkrivdebian TvalebSi

250 landebi unapironi.

oTxiRa ava odaSi,

sxvani rCebian qvemore.

qali CurCulebs: `qumorTes,

guri ogures venore.

irfeli dudis dabrali,

rinoba ekiWyenore.

giCqudas, anwi jveSobraT

dudiSa veminjenore.

rongoia do si tvinge,

260 merTi do gilemitinge!~*

I. 5. [B,EKF [B,EKF

[B,EKF

fm dfhlbt,b cf[kj,ty6

fm xe[et,b vrdblhj,ty6

fm nb,et,b ceatdty6

fm cbyblbcbs vlblhj,ty6

fm qj,tc qj,t toyt,f6

fm sfdc fh.t,bs bshj,ty6

fm df;rfwt,b vfvhj,ty6

fm lbfwt,b vltlhj,ty7

fm rj[nf rjhnj[t,bf6

)!) fm vyfsb ajhsj[kt,bf7

41

aq gorebs Sua dobera

sayaned gainavardebs,

aq gadawvnia WinWari

georginebsa da vardebs,

aq xibulelis Zaxili

Waqvinjels amisamarTebs,

aq qristes Sublis naTeli

bairaRebad amarTes.

zens iqiT kidev zenia,

020 xecera, narazenia...

aq micvalebuls glovoben,

rogorc wesi da rigia,

metoqis xels ar SeirCens

aq tibua da Tirqia,

aq qorwilebi CaRdeba,

aq dedamTili jirkia,

aq qalwulobis wesia,

aq cvedanoba Cirqia.

aq afuteben buxrebi

030 da iburReba mwuxrebi.

aq sxvebze ukeT ician

yuris migdeba Tavkacis,

aq mTvarianSi simindis

garCevaa da karkaci,

aq kurkantelis masdarad

mTiebis dasi varga cis,

aq imeorebs macxovars

gogonasi Tu qarga Zis,

aq cabaoTi xiblula,

040 mitomac hqvia xibula.

aq Camosula ilia

da saqarTvelo uxilavs,

yanwebiT Rvino ineba,

,,faina~ daaquxila,

aq Zirgrexili venaxi

qvevrSi qceula duRilad,

aq melodia iRvreba

sulSi sevdad da wuxilad.

aq suli casTan kibula,

050 mitomac hqvia xibula.

aq omer faSas askerebs

qva asrolines kudebiT,

aq katerina duSmanebs

sdevnida sulis xuTebiT,

aq Savi SaSvis galoba

Rames Seyrida kuTebiT,

aq deddeboda janRebi

fiqrebis misayudebi.

aq arakebi Cxibula,

060 mitomac hqvia xibula.

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB


RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

aq wlebis winaT droulTa

indomes avtonomia,

stalins kacebi aaxles:

,,megreli calke tomia~,

Jvania iyo moTave,

auwya fexze dgomia.

dedaqalaqad _ zugdidi,

belads fazisi ndomia.

,,ifiqreTo~ da wavida,

070 magram vin mova Tavidan?!

aq aSordia yofila,

mafaluistTa lideri,

aziurebi cmevia

da aRiluli kiteli,

Tavze _ boxoxi kravelis,

tanze perangi yviTeli,

sindisi imas ar SerCa

bazarze gauyidveli.

ewvia daTvis bunagebs, _

080 arqipelagis gulagebs.

aq rusTavelis genias

kaka megruliT Targmnida,

sul koWli gamosdioda

mofardaguli Targidan,

eseni aRar Sobilan

giungagapis warbidan,

aRarc zRvauri wuoda

larcmuli mSvildis arfidan.

odesRac kolxi diadi,

090 aw megrelia _ xmiadi.

zviadmac: ,,ese megreli

qarTulad glexi ariso,

sinonimia mToxnelis,

mwnavi wknelis da sariso,

sxvebze metadre erTguli

mamulis tkbili-mwariso,

sxvaze ufrore trfiali

SeWamadebis cxariso~.

gulSi ar CauxveviaT,

100 warbi ar SeurxeviaT.

mainc mis saxels ficaven,

RmerTs utoleben miwiers:

ar Seekrao zavebiT

saxiCarsa da biwiers,

ucxo enebi iciso,

zena icavso niWiers,

mters esrolao vardebi,

Surs saTnoebiT iZiebs.

axlebia Tu Zvelebi,

110 hyvebian xibulelebi.

42

gaZeknilia qarTuli

arabuli da sparsuliT,

aq iZebneba sityvebi

berZenTa arsTa arsuli,

bevria armenizmebi,

rusulia Tu yarsuli,

ar gaikares svanuri,

megruli _ welawvarTuli.

dRe dRevandeliT mqisoben,

120 winapars ukadrisoben.

,,fanjara~ Cveni ar aris,

aRarc ,,vardi~ da ,,akvani~,

ucxouria ,,bulbuli~,

vis ar mivageT Tayvani,

RvedebiT miaqvT burlakebs

WoromSi gemis japani,

mSobliurs aRar ikarebs

da forTxavs rogorc jabani.

marCxas jerdeba iotas,

130 pelagonad rom dioda.

gamouvliaT devnilebs

ekal-bardi da jagebi,

yovelTvis zurgi aqcies,

sad odebia nagebi,

ganze datoves Sarebi,

Rele da liandagebi,

ganze datoves keraTa

Worebia Tu baqebi.

ager, Selagdnen odaSi,

140 dgebian moyvris codvaSi.

dedamiwisTvis muSakobs

galaqtikaTa wyebani,

milionia megrulSi

sityvebi sauwyebani,

Tu aRar gjera, amRerdi,

kriniebs auwyve bani,

hangebi mogimravldeba

siamiT aurwyebani.

magram moveSvaT tiradebs

150 da gadavxedoT piratebs.

,,mxedrionia~ mdevari

Tokgamovlili aTjera,

rom aRar icis TavisiT

da brZnuli sxvisic ar sjera,

ar Sexebia mis dRemSi

erqvans imisi marjvena,

sxvisi beReli sjobia

sakuTar kuWis sarCenad.

aq gasaqcevi area,

160 moxdoma aq Zirmwarea.


gasakviria badiSi

ratom uaryofs peperas,

Zalumi ceris patroni,

rad amjobinebs nekeras,

kolxeTi balavaria,

zed qarTli koSkebs Sekeravs,

goleuliviT aRsavse

xmiadebs loRnis Renkeras.

wyevlaa: ,,sxvas nu Cinobso,

170 arc Tavad gacodinoso~.

qarTlSi rom tibulisia

da alazani _kaxeTSi,

xevsureTSi rom ,,Tolia”

Soridan gadasaxedSi,

quTaia rom imerlobs,

oCxamuri rom gurulobs,

mxolod kolxuriT dgindeba,

raa da raze mdurulobs.

rac diadi da qvelia,

180 daviwyebuli Zvelia.

mteri mravali gvinaxavs,

mojaruli Tu xiluli,

cxadi duSmani kargia,

tiliviT gamoxiluli,

uCinaria bediTi _

erTad cecxli da yinuli,

zurgSi _ dana da maxvili,

sulSi _ balRamis binuli.

ibartya, garna calia,

190 rom gvamxobs _ gvarnacvalia.

yirmizi aris saxiT da

ggonia TiTqos Senia,

garedan bzinavs javari,

Signidan Sav-giSeria,

ezoSi xeebs aSardavs,

gareT rom SaramSvenia,

sityviT qarvaslebs agigebs,

saqmiT ki aramSenia.

moyvare gvamxobs faruli,

200 kudianebso aruli!

mtkvari lazeTSi Sobili

ankaraa da araki,

mcxeTas Calisfers daikravs

imisi Rone-maragi,

magram ver Cava kaspias

Tu ar SeirTo aragvi,

Tu ar SeirTo liaxvi,

xramula _ feriT sarangi.

kldes cqnafi Jruni axavsebs,

210 mdinares Rele aRavsebs.

43

inaTebs da xanac _ qreba,

ca RrublebiT iqufreba,

TemSaraze gasvlas lamobs

da sicxadiT imuqreba.

xsna iwyeba kolxeTidan,

misi mzeris orxedidan,

,,odoias~ moZaxiliT,

Tu zRva amooxvreTidan.

gza jer iyo qaSania,

220 viT bulbuli _ mafSalia.

zvavi kenWiT moSvavdeba,

Rame bindiT moSavdeba,

fqvili marcvals Camohyveba

dolabiT rom roSavdeba.

foTlovani mosdevs kvirtebs,

sulis moTqma axlavs kirTebs,

xrami hqvia CaRrantuli

mdinareTa danapirTebs.

kolxeTia safuZveli, _

230 saqarTvelos Tavfurceli.

papas didad uxaria

Tu muxlebTan buxaria,

Tuki odis aivnebi

qorwilebiT mquxaria.

laRia Tu sevdiani,

mlxenia Tu mwuxaria,

sabadisis mermisisTvis

tyviasaviT mduRaria.

mis Werxos da imis kedlebs

240 balavari Seanedlebs.

ase iyo troas iqiT,

ase aris troas aqeT,

magram ra dros troadaa,

omma mosra moasake,

saRia Tu gonjalia,

ganZi mainc borjalia.

lalia Tu safironi,

xonCiT wasaxonCalia.

aRemaRle sxvagan ZeTi,

250 ai, naRdi saganZeTi!

oTxs Tormeti ganeSora,

wamxobia goras gora,

yvela gadasalaxia

lakada Tu tabakona,

win Wale da Waqvinjia,

TiTqos sami nabijia,

qafaTia, kuCxobonu,

wyobili Tu maxinjia.

razms rom uZRvis _ mesxiaa,

260 sxva _ vixilavT, bezRiaa.

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB


RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

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KBVF

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GURI OTOBAIA

ODOIA

FIRST ODA

FORGETTING OURSELVES

I.1. Aramkhutu

- Ody first was word,

Ody, word is the god.

It lives in the sky

By ray of his light.

No one can guess in the world

Is this love’s or hate’s word?

No people can it get

Is it good or it is bad

Noting compares to god

010 Only words make him proud.

On the Sumer’s clay pieces

Margal writes fortunes face

God takes his willing do

Up to heavens sacred nun,

Open view from the sun -

Earth is moving round and round;

Reach with fingers blessing tree,

Break out from fences free.

John was the captain when

020 The water took me hence.

Created in six days

Everything moves on its way

With the mornings first sun ray,

Dooming darkness goes away.

And the soft grass nearly frozen

Asks to heaven longer being,

But his fate is to wait

Till the ice won’t get melt.

Everything what heaven tells

030 Were written and clearly spell.

Over twelve billion now

That the time moves ahead,

Moon sometimes gets lost

And sometimes comes for new,

Flies endless galaxy;

Waters gather in their gap,

Can’t get rid of boundless map,

In forever hopeless hap.

Giving birth is the end,

040 Setting seal means- open head.

No one asked me why earth

Covers the suns shining breast,

Or why ten giant balls

Move around sunny doll.

Only moon walks aside us

Poor Mercury is all alone;


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51

Two comrades & & amuse / @)!!6 @)!!6 Mars RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB

Neptune teaches eight sons;

And Uranus leads a dozen

050 There are more which are frozen.

Light holding us up in the air

Comes straight like the triangle.

Soon it changes to cylinder

For future stands on earth.

You won’t tell what the rave is

Where to go, whom to search.

The light moving world around

Lives in every tiny ray.

With this story from bound to bound

060 Lots of pyramids I raised on way.

Stone put on the stone

Gives move to tornado,

Like the ground has been plough

Deeply and with strong plough;

Which at the end of pharaoh’s time

Switches and leads up to the sky.

He gets up high to the god,

Let the slaves eat the dark.

Gathered with three and four

With priests sacred book

I’ll fly a little through

Sumer wrote what he saw –

How Atlantis pushed in through;

How the star fell from the sky

And destroyed all around.

Earth’s spire bent over

Straight before - thought for ever.

When the world moves upside-down

080 How can man find place of own.

Like rain drop spreads along

Caucasus, Himalayas

Appalachia and Ands rise across;

They who move down on hill,

Soul leaves them – they feel,

But sometimes soul comes back

Like the turning stone drum,

Above your head, streaming run,

From the ocean you left drop

090 And hearts wound don’t seem to stop.

Finds home one more time

And begins to spread old thoughts;

On the sand he writes rhymes

Which the wave straight buys.

Wish he forgot this one time

To gather money in his arms,

He harries to get thunder sight

When appears in field site.

The shadow lights with sun

100 All stupid and crazy sons.


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Among Galls lives the Bask son,

In Britain – the Gels tribe,

When the bullet reaches heart

Take as medicine willed rhyme.

Heber – said the Israel

That tribe lives for (isle) real.

In Italy masters Latin

After Troy was cruelly punished.

What you’ll gain from the heaven

110 When you man are same- even.

It’s true he doesn’t know

How to serve for others,

Though who’s on world now

Poor amongst his brothers.

He was called the god’s son,

How to tell in other way,

After death for endless stay

There’s nothing you take anyway.

Let the stone temples crush

120 And yesterday’s beauty blush.

You can’t hide on paper

From where is man, of what kind?

When he sees you in bad mood

He weeps: ,,Why I’m left all alone.”

When he lives with perfect life –

He’ll complain:”What’s that for?”

After losing most of weight

and becoming like leaf

He’ll say:”You’ve destroyed whole

my world”.His complains and his sniff

130 Won’t stop in future near.

You won’t find place to hide

In the sky full of stars

Only God will help to find

Immortal, endless start.

At the moment you got born

Your destiny straight burns.

When your fingers

Start to straggle with cramp.

You want to reach infinity

140 And souls immortality.

Sometimes it’s enough

Doing good things, like Faust does;

Or acting foolish like Kikhana

And mess the fortune all around.

It’ in vane to survive

No man gets twice life.

You got angry and the life

Throw in back the sharp knife.

,,You all mighty God,

150 Why you gave me miser life”.

Here everything moves around

By forgotten desertdry,

New life comes ahead

With soft, juicy, new range.

Many walk around them,


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Daylights turn like storms

Standing by- ruining all.

Water and fire sit along

160 Carrying suffer further more.

Rose from the bottom heart

Dungeons and storms

Raised all known trace,

The storm, tornado, air scared.

Now grass grows on house’s place,

With the ashes eyes paint.

Waves or turns around

Forest,- or comes with longhair shade.

There’s no place to live on

170 Earth is mother and cradle safe.

The thick snow covers ground

And frequent thunder runs across,

And wild invisible sea winds

Blow surface like flags on horizon.

Ices like chains

Scar unbendable mounts;

Baird glows on eyes

And blood runs Straight to wrists.

When grandchildren hold you up

180 Even death seems beaten up.

Day breaks and comes

Curly-headed Odoia

Tall as cedar seen from further

And innocence as his father.

You cant take him to hors race,

Pot hangs on his thick neck,

Felled up with ripe nut,

Reds and big, sized to plum.

His Aetees grandson – bastard

190 What don’t bothers pretend dull.

Soon will run years – twenty-six,

Day expects him like death,

Eyes covered by dark and flown to Styx;

Bones will be thundered with ice.

Wont help him –

He’s the chief of Halizones,

Steel he smithed with own hands

Will take his life away.

Bless enemy – he turns to friend,

200 Drink for mate, he’ll be cheered.

Very often Phrixus sends

Children with bread and wine;

Maybe he’ll splat anything

To ease my pain.

In the moment kids rush home

With something to slow dad down.

Follows rocks Odoia

Sniffing with slow steps;

Moves like fat bear,

210 Time will come and he’ll be heard.


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Absirtus shows to son

Every secret of good or bad.

Child remembers everything

To survive and pass away.

Eats nut all the time,

With teeth like horse jowls;

Ring his red pots,big

or of a little size.

He knows what’s Kolkh’s magic

220 And what’s man partly risen.

Epistropo rides along

With wide tailed (matraxebit)

Weakly holds thin sandals

On skinny ankles.

Soon his home will turn

To ruins and dust.

In Illion is getting ready

His new sweet life.

After many years now,

230 Today belts are taken away.

From far I see: Medea

Gathers on way dark berries

And to scratches from the spikes

With weak scream she smiles.

ARAMKHUTU: It’s flood and

you burn With invisible heats.

It’s heat and you sink

In water cant be seen.

We’ve been chained with one chain

240 Let it mess in nine times.

In bad way Greeks are

habited, now, at feast

leaden by sins

they will show on worlds scene.

old habits like the

Prickles in your foot;

even a lamb innocence

turned into a brother killer

and in sudden cruel sight

250 murderer of own sons.

Medea and Achilles

swam Leta river,

when their lives came at end

and in Hades got together.

where’s pink chick?

pale white crystal neck and breast?

Took away Aga’s colour

death with flowers collar.

all the fast and bless,

260 everything stays in the air.


UEHB UEHB JNJ,FBFC JNJ,FBFC 2JLJBF3 2JLJBF3 _

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58

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59

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RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

recenzia

recenziis recenziaze

nugzar gulordava filologiis mecnierebaTa doqtoria, profesori. man, rogorc kritikuli azrovnebis

mkvlevarma, 1993 wels daicva sakandidato disertacia Temaze: ,,ipolite varTagavas literaturul-kritikuli

moRvaweoba”. ase rom, jer kidev lamis ori aTeul wlis winaT n. gulordava qarTul literaturul cnobierebaSi

damkvidrda, rogorc Sinauruli Temebis meWaSnike. gavida Tvrameti weliwadi da batoni nugzari ufro

seriozul sferoebs gadaswvda, roca samegrelo-zemo svaneTis sazogadoebriv-politikur gazeTSi ,,kolxuri

versia” Cemi recenziis recenzia ganaTavsa formisa da Sinaarsis nimuSad.

ara, batoni n. gulordava aqamdec kanti-kuntad beWdavda kritikul werilebs esTetikur Temebze,

periferiul periodikebSi. ,,troas ukuRma triali~ gansxvavebulia TematikiT, masStabiT da cxadia, Sesabamisi

cdomilebebiTac.

daviwyoT imiT, rom mkvlevari Semoifargleba Cveni recenziiT da araferi uwyis Tavad guri otobaias

epikur poemaze _ ,,odoia~. etyoba, xeli ver miuwvda da ase, mxolod recenziaze dayrdnobiT cdilobs

ugulebelyos Cveni damokidebuleba dasaxelebuli nawarmoebisadmi.

aRsaniSnavia isic, rom filologiis doqtors uamravi lafsusi gaparvia werilSi stilisturi TvalsazrisiT:

_ ,,ase rom, mcired sarwmunoa troas tragedia 1250 wels rom datrialda~ (,,rom” orjeraa erT winadadebaSi

usafuZvlod, tavtalogiaa);

_ Cvens dasaxelebul ,,datrialda qristemde~ gamotovebulia, da 1250 aRiqmeba, rogorc axali

welTaRricxvis TariRi;

_ ,,potis epoqaSi romi iTvleboda ganaxlebul troad~. (iTvleboda, ,,sCital~ _ rusicizmia, unda vweroT

miiCneoda).

_ ,,am ideas emsaxureba eneidaSi~... ,,eneida~ _ brWyalebSia saWiro, ise _ gmiri SegvrCeba xelT;

_ ,,ar gamorCenia aravis~ (ormagi uaryofa), unda iyos ,,aravis gamorCenia~.

es literaturuli borZikobani mosaTmenia, im faqtTan SedarebiT, rasac hqvia Sinauri mRvdlis

Seundoblobis sindromi. recenzenti CasafrebuliviT amxels ,,odoas~ avtoris megrelobas, (guladi fetelava),

,,megrulad dawerili~. ki, magram saidan uwyis ufalma doqtorma amis Taobaze, roca nawarmoebi ar waukiTxavs?

iq megrul teqsts gverdiT mihyveba mSvenieri qarTuli bwkareduli Targmani. CvenTvis gaugebaria saidan

safuZvliandeba aseTi nivelirebis motivebi. n. gulordava pirvel rigSi esTetikosia da valdebulia, roca

flisnis ,,velosipeds~ kiTxulobs, an fouldsis ,,gatexil sityvas~ moiSveliebs XXI saukunis epikuri poemis

pirmSod, Tavad ,,odoias” morevSic CaeyvinTa odnavad _ ajobebda namdvilad; Cven, diaxac, vadasturebT im

realobas, rom ,,troas tragediis~ TariRis gamocxadebisas (Zv.w. 1250), abstraqtulni vyofiliyaviT _ (XIII-

XII Zv. w.) amiT Tavidan avicilebdiT oponentis mentorul tons, magram ra vuyoT informaciis wyebas, (troas

gaTxrebis erTad- erTi monawile saqarTvelodan, b-ni joni afaqiZis monografiebi, xeTuri wyaroebi, kidev

uamravi masala, romlebSic garkveviTaa ganmartebuli am aTwliani omis qronologiebi _ 1250-1240-1260. sxva

daTariRebani meryeoben 100-150 wlis diapazoniT da aq wignieri kacisTvis 1250 w. qristemde simboluria

oden). sanam doqtor gulordavas sxva SeniSvnebze SevCerdebodeT, dasakonkretebelia ramdenime sakiTxi:

1. ra aris epika, epikuri poemis arsi, eposis koordi- natebi.

2. ra sivrceebs eWideba guri otobaias epikuri poema ,,odoia”.

3. dabolos, ,,cnobierebis nakadis” literaturulma meTodma rogor SeaZlebina guri otobaias erTi

pirovnebis azrovnebaSi moeqcia preistoriuli civilizaciebi _ Sumeruli, egvipturi, tibetur-Cinuri,

berZnul-skandinaviuri Tu actekuri, raTa mTeli samyaro dasinqronebuliyo kolxuriT, igive

protoiberiuliT, aw sazogadod _ qarTulad wodebuliT. aqve recenzents gvsurs, SevaxsenoT – ,,cnobierebis

nakadi~ meoce saukunis literaturuli produqtia!

troas aTwlian tragedias sul ramdenime poeti gamoexmaura mwerlobaSi: sami-oTxi saukunis Semdeg _

homerosi _ ,,iliada~ da ,,odiseaTi.~ 12 saukunis Semdeg _ vergilius publius maroni _ ,,eneidaTi;~ 24 saukunis

Semdeg _ dante aligieri _ ,,RvTaebrivi komediiT;~ 28 saukunis Semdeg _ goeTe _ ,,faustiT~, 36 saukunis

Semdeg _ guri otobaia _ ,,odoiaTi.~ aq Cvens esTetikoss homerosi saerTod amougdia CamonaTvalidan da

,,sami-oTxi saukunis Semdeg vergilius publius maronio~, wers. anu 700-800 wliT aZvelebs roma- elebis

Cinebui poets.

Cven sityva ,,dabolos~ gaerTianebulad vwerT da ara ,,da bolos”-ad _ gancalkevebiT, cdomilad, aramed

ise, rogorc orTografiis kanonebi moiTxovs, magram gvixsenebia da kvlavac vamxelT, am Sinauri mRvdlis

Seundoblobam gaaCanaga Cveni isedac berwi goneba. n. gulordava gvimtkicebs vergiliusi, dante, goeTe troas

oms, troas Tematikas TavianTi koncefciis gamosaxatavad Seexneno. amasTan, ilionis Tematikas Cvenamde

mouRweveli avtorebic ukirkitebdnen: arktinosi Zv. w. VIII s. (,,eTiopisi,~ ,,ilionis damxoba~), lesqe Zv.w. VII

s. (,,mcire iliada~). Cveni kacobriobisaTvis arsebul literaturul faqtebs vgulisxmobT da verganvaxor-

60


61

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB

cielebT verbalur arqeologias. diax, Sendoba ar aqvT Sinaur mRvdlebs _ maT Soris cxadia, guri otobaiasac,

romelmac ukve gamoaqveyna meore epikuri poemia ,,lazares~ Tavebi, amjerad qarTulad, zogaderovnuli

qarTuliT (,,qarTuli sityva~, 2011; ,,mwerlis gazeTi~, N4, 1-31 maisi, 2011), da xmamaRla acxadebs, diaxac, XXI

saukunis uwinaresi poeti var, romelic grandiozul Temebs veWidebio. da ara velosiped-depeSebs Tu gatexil

sityvas, romelTa, epikur poemebad monaTvla ZaldatanebiTia. bevric rom vecadoT, poema verafriT itvirTavs

epikuri poemis funqcias, rogorc moTxroba epopeis, trilogia-tetralogiebisa. doqtor gulordavas

axirebaa, Torem sinamdvileSi mis mier dasaxelebuli poeturi Txzulebani rigiTi poemebia, baladebs

ramdenadme aRmatebulni. magram gaRizianeba modis Cveneuli Sefasebidan, roca vacxadebT: ,,ara mgonia, qarTvel

kacs SoTa rusTavelis ,,vefxistyaosnis~ Semdeg ukeTesi literaturuli faqti gamoCenodes-Tqo. vin SeukveTa

es nivelirebisa da nihilizmiT gaJRenTili suliskveTeba, netav Cvens doqtorsa? Tanac uznaZis ,,ganwyobis

Teoriis” Semdeg es esTetikosi leqcias gvikiTxavdes ,,cnobierebis nakadis” arsze, eufle leTas! TiTqos Cven

ar vuwyodeT, rogor fiqroben ,,faustisa~ da ,,Caild haroldis~ gmirebi, an rogor CauRrmavdebian sazriss

WilaZisa da xaranaulis lirikuli saxeebi. fiqri, gansja yovelTvis iyo mwerlobis warmmarTveli energia.

magram, dostoevskis rodion raskolnikovamde aravin Sexebia am meTods gaazrebulad, xolo joisma da

folknerma daagvirgvines literaturuli xelwera ese, ,,uliseTi~ da ,,xmauri da mZvinvarebiT~. Tumca, maT, es

simaRleebi prozaSi daipyres, xolo guri otobaiam igive meTodi pirvelad danerga poetur striqonSi, Sairsac

rom eZaxis robaqiZe Cveni. xolo, sasixarulo faqtad imitomac migvaCnia ,,odoias~ gamoCena literaturul

avanscenaze, pirvelad moxda qarTveli kacis cnobierebaSi planetaruli ganzomilebis adekvaturad asaxva

,,vefxistyaosnis~ Semdeg. aq guramiSvilis, ilias, akakis, vaJas, Tu galaktionis moxmoba ,,nakleb sasixarulo

faqtad~ TiTebidan gamowovili intriganuli ,,CaSvebaa~ provinciisgan centris winaSe, vinaidan isini eposis

JanrSi ar muSaobdnen. isini poemis farglebSi etevian, zRvaTa wyalwyvis xomaldebs aRaSeneben da okeaneTa

gragnilebSi ar agzavnian TavianT gemebs talRebTan WidilSi gamosacdelad.

guri otobaiam ,,odoias~ saxiT Seqmna okeneTa mexTatexis damWidebeli kidobani ,,noaTuni~, romlis ekipaJiT,

mrevliT xdeba naxevrad Tu srulad veluri msoflios sinqronizacia. amas Cveni werilis avtoric Cinebulad

SeniSnavda, nawarmoebs rom gascnoboda da mxolod recenzias ar dayrdnoboda. guri otobaias epikuri poema

,,odoias” erTxel wamkiTxveli gadaqanculia kolosaluri informaciis SemodinebiT. misi meored wamkiTxveli

erTgvar Svebas igrZnobs qvevridan qvevrSi gadatanili Rvinis msgavsad. mesamed vinc moaxerxebs am gasaocar

TxzulebaSi CaRrmavebas, brZenTabrZeni qurum-mogviviT daeyudeba sakuTari sulis winaSe da naklebad

aaRelvebs, risTvis luRluRebs sayvelpuroebs qonmoZalebuli msoflio; naklebad aaforiaqebs, Tu romeli

eri gamoacxadebs pretenzias pirvelobaze paleografiaSi; naklebad idardianebs imazec, Tu ramdenad SeZlebs

kacobrioba TargmanSi adekvaturad gadmosces troas samzareuloSi megruliT CayvinTuli epikuri poema

,,odoia~?!

arc homerosi moswrebia ilionis iavarqmnas. ambis gadmocemisas isic miTologias eyrdnoba; magram xuTi

Tu 36 saukunis winandeli faqtis damuSaveba ar gvaTavisuflebs poeturi unarebis salaroebisgan. guri

otobaias striqoni namdvilad sulis zeimia Tavisi elastikurobiT, metaforulobiT, fsiqologiuri da

Teologiur-filosofiuri SreebiT. me adrindel recenziaSi ramdenadme movizRude Tavi, naklebi pativi mivage

metis misagebels. aq ki sruliad calsaxad davamateb: XXI saukune adre Tu gvian samagido wignad gaixdis

guri otobaias epikur poema odoias-Tqo. epikuri poema ,,odoia” aisebergiviTaa absentiT gabanguli titanikebis

dasamsxvrevad wamofofrili. da aq filologiis doqtori TvalebSi nacars gvayrides, TiTqos sityvebs ver

vzomavdeT, roca guri otobaias epikur (daixsomeT es sityva _ epikuri), poema ,,odoias” miviCnevT ,,vefxistyaosnis~

Semdeg qarTuli sulierebis gamobrwyinebad monumentur JanrSi. TiTqos ar vicodeT doqtor

gulordavas mier CamoTvlilma Cinebulma kalmosnebma ra Seqmnes. guramiSvilis ,,qarTlis Wiri~

saTavgadasavlo poemaa oden, romelsac samyaroiseul siRrmeebs ver mosTxov. aq Sesadareblad, an dapirispirebisTvis

naklebad gamogvadgeba akakis ,,gamzrdeli~, ilias ,,gandegili~Tu ,,ramdenime epizodi yaCaRis

cxovrebidam”, vaJas ,,stumar-maspinZeli,~ ,,aluda qeTelauri~, ,,gvelismWameli~, galaktionis ,,jon ridi~,

gnebavT moculobiT uSvelebeli ,,msoflio wigni~. aq dasaxelebuli TiToeuli nawarmoebi erTfabuliani

poemaa, roca epikuri Txzuleba uamravi siuJetis, ambis, movlenis Sejamebis Sedegia Tavisi forma-SinaarsiT,

magram xom unda agimxedron mrevli ,,mevarTagave~ doqtorebma, aqaoda, guri otobaias diTirambebs umReriano.

umjobesia, geTayva, aiRoT epikuri poema ,,odoia.~ vgoneb, odiSeli kacisTvis arc imdenad ucxo unda iyos

megruli, rom sayvelpuro inglisuriT miesavaToT ,,gatexili sityvisa” da ,,velosipedis~ kiTxvas. rac maTSi

ar arsebobs da sxvaganac iSviaTad moiZieba, ager, yuris Ziras aRmocenebul ,,odoiaSia~ dafluli, damarxuli

mTeli civilizaciis gansakiTxavad, Tumca ra eSveleba konstantines citatas?! ,,odiTganve ase mogvdgams

qarTvelebs: mudam Cvens simcires mivstirodiT, radgan mteri auracxeli gvyavda mudam, magram didi kaci Tu

gamogveria, mas ise davkortniT, rogorc dakodil Zeras yvavebi~ (,,didosatatis marjvena’’, 1966w., gv. 372).

laSa gvasalia.

3 maisi, 2011 w.


RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

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63

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RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

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lffbynthtct,6 hjvtkc9= gbhbmbs6 f[kf .dtkf bvbc vjkjlbyibf hjujhvt

2vukt,b3 evfqktcb kbublfy ufdfhltc7 fvbs .dtkf fvjbceysmfdc6 ptlvtn

ndbhsc vjbwbkt,ty v[ht,blfy7 fcts rhbnbrek cbnefwbfib peulblehb

at[,ehsb fhfclhjc .jabkf7 vodhsytkt,b e[tkafcjl ofdblyty7

ue,thyfnjhvf dth bufhfynbf7 vbcfcfkvt,tkbf _ vfhndbkb evfqktc

kbufib hjv uflflbc6 vfuhfv cfl vfhndbkb lf cfl _ peulblb9=

_ bvfc bvfc by]bf by]bf /.fdc /.fdc gfnhjyb6 gfnhjyb6 yfvldbkb yfvldbkb yfvldbkb vby]bf7

vby]bf7

_ .dtkfathb rb bmblfy vjlbc6 hjv pdbflvf sfdbcb fufhfrblfy mfhsekb

lhjif fh xfvj[cyf hectsib7 fvfy ufehsekf bm cfmvtt,b6 fyufhbit,b

ufe.bytc7 fmfw qkfdt,sfy lf pdbutyt,sfy e[lt,f zblbkb7 fvfcj,fib xdty

ufdxfyfulbs7 uthvfyek ueylt,c cf[tkvobaj elufc v[fhib7 rb6 ,fnjyj6

xbyt,ekbf fyfrkbfib vjgfnb;t,ekb bydtcnjht,b nehbpvbc

ufycfdbsfht,kfl6 vfuhfv vcufdc ahfpfc xdtyb vbcfvfhsbsfw se

ofvjdbcdhbs6 peulblehb at[,ehsb yfidtkt,b bmyt,f7 ufudbrtsjc tc

cff[fkokj cfxemfhb xdtyvf ghtpbltynvf7 ,fnjy vb[tbkc sfdfl e[bkfdc

xdtyb at[,ehsb7 vf[cjdc fct fv,j,lf5 2ytnfd 2ytnfd fh fh lfvsfdhltc lfvsfdhltc sfvfibj3 sfvfibj37 sfvfibj3 /

jkfylbfib hjv vjdbuts6 yfrht,ib xdtyb idblb ,fdidb vjyfobktj,lf7

2cfmfhsdtkjib 2cfmfhsdtkjib ,hbkbfynb ,hbkbfynb ,hbkbfynb ,fdidt,b ,fdidt,b bphlt,bfyj3

bphlt,bfyj36 bphlt,bfyj3 e.dfhc smvf ,fnjy

pdbflc lf bvtlbf6 bub fv hovtyfc fh ufemfho.kt,c vjvfdfk sfj,fc7

eat[,ehsj peulblb e[jhsevj cgbkjc /ufdc6 eahst,j fhobdc=

at[,ehsb [jv cbxfembc cfobylfhbf lf ye lfdvfh[fds f[flufphlj,bc

]fycfq vthvbccc xdtybdt [tkbs=

P. S.

peulblehb at[,ehsbc uflfhxtybc bvtlb ufudbxbyf xdtyb vf;jhbnfhbc6

frfltvbrjc ahbljy sjlefc ]th cbn.dbthvf6 itvlujv rb ghfmnbrekvf

sfyflujvfv7 vfy dtnthfy at[,ehstkt,sfy it[dtlhbcfc vflkj,f vje[flf vfs

mfhsekb at[,ehsbc fqjh’byt,fib ufotekb fvfubcfsdbc lf fsb v[wjdfyb

at[,ehstkb !))-!)) kfhbs lffcfxemhf7 fctdt peulblbc at[,ehsbc

atlthfwbfc uflfcwf !)) kfhb mdt.ybc gfnhbfhmbc _ bkbf vtjhbc &*

okbcsfdbcflvb vb’qdybkb nehybhbc xfcfnfht,kfl6 hjvtkbw frehs[f

sfdfl eytnfhtcvf lf vteat uthfcbvtv7 nehybhib vjyfobktj,lf vstkb

cfvtuhtkjc ueylt,b c[dflfc[df fcfrj,hbd ]ueat,ib7 vbcb xtvgbjyt,b uf[lyty

ctyfrbcf lf ]dfhbc vjpfhlt,b7 peulblbc cfgfnhbfhmjc cf[tkbs vfvf ubjhubv

~mfdsfhf’t` nehybhbc .dtkf vjyfobkt lf cnevfhb lffcxemhf cftrktcbj

]dfh-[fnt,bs7

74


giorgi farulava,

biologiis mecnierebaTa doqtori,

profesori.

turizmi

samegrelo–zemo svaneTis

ekologiur gamaSi

75

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB

turistuli da samecniero-kvleviTi TvalsazrisiT metad sainteresoa samegrelo–zemosvaneTis bunebrivi

kompleqsebi, sadac bunebrivi pirobebis regionaluri xasiaTi Sezavebulia zonalur tipologiur niSnebTan.

am kompleqsebis SeqmnaSi gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovani adgili ukavia lanSaftwarmomqnel faqtorebs.

aRsanisnavia, rom kolxeTis geologiuri arqiteqturis SeqmnaSi monawileoba aqvT miRebuli mezozouri

da kainozouri erebisdroindeli liTologiuri Sedgenilobis vulkanogenur da danaleq qanebs. zogadad

miCneulia, rom am mxaris landSaftur–geologiuri evoluciis aspeqtSi ori ZiriTadi etapi gamoiyofa 1 –

mezozouri da 2 – kainozouri (v. alfaiZe, r. RambaSiZe, 1999). aqve unda iTqvas, rom axali miocenis momdevno

etapze, ukanaskneli 5-6 milioni wlis ganmavlobaSi gamovlenili miwaTwarmomSobi procesebis gavleniT

Seqmnilia dedamiwis qerqis mTavari teqtonikuri elementebi.

ekoturizmis moyvarulTaTvis gansakuTrebiT saintereso SeiZleba iyos kolxeTis baris sazRvrebSi

samegrelos teritoriaze reliefis ganviTarebis amplituda nulidan 600 metris farglebSi. kavkasionis

qedis samxreT reliefze ki es maCvenebeli 3300 metramde izrdeba. kavkasionis qedis samxreT ferdis samegrelos

nawilebi 3226 m-is hipsometrul diapazonSi arian ganviTarebuli. mag. mTa WiTagvala.

gansakuTrebuli silamaziTa da Tvalwarmtaci bunebiT gamoirCeva yviras, gauCas, mingarias, asxisa da svaneTis

subalpuri da alpuri mTis masivebi.

samegrelo da zemo svaneTi gamoirCeva wyaluxvobiT. maTi mravalferovneba mniSvnelovnad ganisazRvreba

geologiuri faqtoriT. aqauri hidrologiuri qseli Sedgeba: mdinareebis, wyaroebis, miwisqveSa wylebis,

tbebisa da Waobebisagan. mdinareebidan aRsaniSnavia enguri, Wanis wyali, xobis wyali, texuri, abaSa da sxva

(g. farulava da sxv., 2009).

sul aRricxulia 2500-mde didi da mcire zomis mdinare. maTi saerTo sigrZe 6000-mde kilometrs Seadgens.

isini zemo welSi mTis tipisani arian da xasiaTdebian nakadis didi siCqareebiT, rac gamowvevulia kalapotis

mkveTri daxrilobiT, droTa ganmavlobaSi warmoqmnili WoromebiT da garkveul monakveTebze gauvali, viwro

Rrmad CaWrili xeobebiT. yvelaferi es qmnis unikalur pirobas eqstremaluri turizmis ganviTarebisaTvis,

xolo xeobebis TviTmyofadoba da xeluxleblad SenarCunebuli biocenozebi ekoturizmisaTvis idealur

adgilebs warmodgens.

samegrelos barisa da mTswineTisTvis damaxasiaTebelia Termuli wylebis simravle, romlebic

araCveulebriv saSualebas warmoadgens revmatiuli daavadebebis samkurnalod. aseTi wylebis WaburRilebia

caiSSi, menjSi, qvalonSi, yulevSi da sxva. ekoturizmis operatorebma yuradReba unda miaqcion agreTve

samegrelos da svaneTis mineralur da mJave wylebs. svaneTis mJave wylebTan erTad cnobilia mineraluri

wylebi: lebarde, squri, kolxida, gansakuTrebiT ki lugela, romlis gamosasvleli adgili mdebareobs e.w.

lugelas xeobaSi. mdinare xobis wylis zeda welis sanapiroze Cxorowys raionis sof. muxuridan me-7

kilometrze, zRvis donidan daaxloebiT 300 metr simaRleze. „lugelas mineraluri wylis qimiuri analizi

( r. RambaSiZe 1999 ) pirvelad gakeTda 1927 wels akademikos r. kupcisis mier. lugelas samkurnalo daz,

kalciums, magniums. aRsaniS- navia, rom maRali mineralizaciis gamo is didxans inaxeba da Camosxmisas ar

saWirobes naxSirorJangiT gamdidrebas.

eqsperimentebiTa da samedicino gamokvlevebiT dadgenilia, rom „lugela” miekuTvneba samkurnalo

mineraluri wylebis kategorias, romlis miReba SesaZebelia mxolod eqimis daniSnulebis Tanaxmad. misi

samkurnalo Cvenebebia – pirvel rigSi tuberkulozi, Semdeg ki raqiti, lulovani Zvlebis motexiloba,

alergiebi, sisxlis Sededebis daqveiTeba. damuSavebulia misgan kbilis pastis miRebis teqnologia. „lugela”

efeqturia rogorc sicivis gadamtani agenti, romelic SeiZleba warmatebiT gamoyenebuliqnes samacivro

danadgarebSi. zemoTCamoTvlili Tvisebebis gamo SeiZleba iTqvas, rom is unikaluri mineraluri wyalia mTel

msoflioSi. samwuxarod amJamad „lugelas” mineraluri wylis sabado saerTod ar aris gamoyenebuli da is

pirdapir iRvreba xobis wyalSi.

rac Seexeba samegrelos tbebs, aq Cveni monacemebiT aRricxulia 14 tba. maTi wylis xarjis jamuri farTobi

20.5 km 2 -mdea . xolo wyalSemkrebi auzebis saerTo farTobi 560 km 2 aRwevs. aRricxuli tbebis umravlesoba

mdebareobs Savi zRvis sanapiros gaswvriv mdinare rionis napirebTan axlos. SedarebiT naklebi raodenobiT


RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

gvxvdebian isini samegrelos qedis maRalmTian zonaSi. samegrelos mniSvnelovani tbebidan aRsaniSnavia

paliastomi, farTo wyari, toba varCxili, didi toba varCxi, CipsaTa varCxi da sxva. zogierT tbasTan legendebic

ki aris dakavSirebuli, aseTebia papanwyvili (xobis raionSi), caSkibuli (walenjixis raionSi).

samegrelos tbebs Soris gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba aqvs paliastoms, is mdebareobs zRvis sanapiro

zolTan axlos q. foTis samxreT-aRmosavleTiT. dasavleTiT mas Savi zRva esazRvreba da misgan gamoyofilia

2 metramde simaRlis da 3,.3 metramde siganis qviSiani diunebiT. agreTve mdinare rionis delturi vakis

zoliT. tbas trapeciis forma aqvs.

samegrelos landSaftis erT-erT gansakuTrebul nawils Waobebi warmoadgens, romelsac mTeli teritoriis

20% ukavia da samegrelos TiTqmis yvela raionSi gvxvdeba, gansakuTrebiT ki zRvispireTSi. sainteresoa, rom

abolinma WaobebTan dakavSirebiT ganaviTara azri epigenemis Sesaxeb (i. eliava da sxva, 1992), sadac avtori

epigenems uwodebs gruntebs, reliefs, niadags, mcenareulobas, romlebic erTmaneTTan SeTanawyobilni,

Sexamebulebi arian da qmnian urTierTmoqmed garss. Waobebi samegreloSi calkeul masivebad aris warmodgenili.

zugdidis raionSi anakliis midamoebSi cnobilia Tiqori-Wuriis Waobis masivi, romlis farTobi 90 kvadratul

km-s Seadgens. foTTan axlos mdebareobs fiCora-paliastomis Waobis masivi 191 kv. km-is farTobiT, romelic

sididT yvela daWaobebul masivze metia kolxeTis dablobze. sakmaod didi farTobi uWiravs agreTve WaladidifoTis

Waobis masivs, misi farTobi Seadgens 144 kv. kilometrs.

anakliis, Wuriis, nabadas, fiCoris, Savwyalas Waobebi tipiuri torfiani masivebia. maTSi torfis

horizontaluri sisqe meryeobs 4–12 metramde, Waobebs saerTod didi ekologiuri datvirTva gaaCniaT, isini

bunebr5ivi filtris rols asruleben, dabinZurebul wylebs wmenden da mdinareebSi da tbebSi Caedineba sufTa

wyali. Waobis wylebi mdgradi wylis resursebis kategorias ganekuTvneba . samegrelos Waobebi daaxloebiT

1.7 kuburi km-is moculobis wyals Seicaven, rac iZleva saSualebebs daregulirdes wylis reJmi da SenarCundes

misi myari balansi. SedarebiT susti anTropogenuri zewolis gamo Waobebi warmoadgenen SesaniSnav TavSesafars

iSviaTi da gadaSenebis piras mdgomi faunusturi da floristuli nimuSebisaTvis.

unda aRiniSnos, rom gansakuTrebiT xelsayreli pirobebia Seqmnili daWaobebisaTvis samegrelos

zRvispireTis dasavleT nawilSi, sadac Waobis ganbiTarebas mniSvnelovnad uwyobs xels xmeleTis sustad

danawevrebuli brtyeli da faqtiurad dauxreli zedapiri, agreTve uxvi atmosferuli naleqebi. reliefis

aseTi agebulebis SemTxvevaSi, Tan rodesac mis qveS ZiriTadad mZime Tixnaria ganTavsebuli, Segubebuli

zedapiruli wylebis CaJonva da filtracia gruntis Rrma fenebSi Znelad mimdinareobs, rac iwvevs niadagis

teniT gajerebas da saboloo daWaobebas. daWaobebuli adgilebis, tyeebisa da mdeloebis sasoflo-sameurneoo

miznebisaTvis amoSrobis Sedegad ki viTardeba alogenuri anu ekzogenuri suqcesiebi. es iseTi SemTxvebia,

rodesac garegani Zalebi regularulad zemoqmedeben cenozis cvlaze da akontro- leben mas. amave tipis

suqcesiebi moqmedeben daSrobili Waobebis xelmeored daWaobebis SemTxvevaSic.

samegrelos teritoriis bunebis erT-erTi ZiriTadi elementi da landSaftis TvisebaTa amsaxveli „sarke”

– mcenareuli safari mdidaria, rogorc floristuli Semadgen- lobiT, aseve misi dajgufebis TvalsazrisiT.

aseTi mraval- gvaroba ganpirobebulia mocemuli teritoriis fizikur-geografiuli TaviseburebebiT,

paleogeografiuli nairgvarobiT da anTropogenuri istoriiT. saqarTveloSi gavrcelebulia 4500 saxeobis

umaRlesi mcenare. maT Soris samegreloSi 1200 saxeobaa cnobili. aRsaniSnavia, rom samegreloSi aRricxuli

1200 saxeobidan 175 endemuria. 67 milioni wlis winaT paleogenSi – dedamiwis geologiuri istoriis

kainozouri eris pirvel sistemaSi, romelic grZeldeboda 41 mln. weli iyofa sam epoqad: paleoceni, eoceni,

oligoceni. eocenSi mcenareuli safari mkveTrad gansxvavebuli iyo amJamindel florasTan SedarebiT. im

periodis flora SedarebiT axlosaa da ufro Camohgavs indur – avstraliur tropikul mcenarebs xis magvari

gvimrebiT, palmebiT, marad mwvane xeebiT da sxva. aRsaniSnavia isic, rom reliefisa da mcenareuli safaris

cvlileba bolo aTeuli mlni. wlis ganmavlobaSi Zalian rTulad mimdinareobda (i. eliava da sxv. 1992).

klimaturi pirobebis TandaTanobiTma gamkacrebam, havis gacivebam, tropikuli klima tisTvis damaxasiaTebeli

floristuli nimuSebis gadaSeneba gamoiwvia. pliocenSi, neogenuri sistemis meore epoqaSi mTis- wineTsa da

mTis qveda sartylebSi umTavresad gavrcelebuli iyo subtropikuli tyeebi. aRniSnuli tyeebis pirveli iarusi

ZiriTadad warmodgenili iyo foTolmcveni saxeobebiT. SedarebiT maRal iarusebze ki ganviTarebuli iyo

zomieri sartylisTvis damaxasiaTebeli tyeebi. am tyeebSi gavrce- lebuli mcenareTa ZiriTadi saxeebi dRemde

SemorCenilia da amJamindeli mcenareuli safaris mniSvne lovan elementebs warmoadgenen. samegrelos

mTiswineTSi da Savi zRvis sanapiro zolis momijnave teritoriaze. pliocenis dasawyisSi warmo- iSva Zveli

mezofiluri tyis floris reliqtTa kolxuri refugiumi, anu mcenareTa TavSesafari. refugiumis warmoSobas

xeli Seuwyo mTis qedebis iseTma ganlagebam, romelmac uzrunvelyo Tbili da teniani havis SenarCuneba

samegrelos garkveul teritoriebze. amis SesaniSnavi magaliTia Cxorowyus raionSi sof. muxurTan xobis

wylis gaswvriv arsebuli meoTxeuli periodis reliqturi tyis refugiumi, sadac erTmaneTis gverdiT xarobs

Zelqva, kolxuri suro, kolxuri bza, lafani, kavkasiuri mocvi, wyavi,Sqeri, leRvi da sxva. refugiums udidesi

mniSvneloba fqonda reliqturi saxeobebis SenarCunebisTvis pliocenSi da gansakuTrebiT meoTxeul periodSi,

maT Soris gamyinvarebis epoqaSi aq TavSesafari hpoves iseTma reliqturma mcenareebma, romlebic milionobiT

da aTiaTasobiT wlis winaT amowydnen dasavleT evropisa da aziis teritoriaze. garda zemoT CamoTvlili

saxeobebisa Cvens dromde moaRwies da xaroben medvedevis aryi, ponturi muxa, imeruli xeWreli da sxva.

sistematikisa da ekologiis TvalsazrisiT maTTan axlomdgomi saxeobebi amJamad izrdebian ZiriTadad

aRmosavleT da samxreT-aRmosavleT aziaSi, apalaCis mTebSi, agreTve atlantikasa da azoris kunZulebze.

76


vazis kolxuri jiSebi

77

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB

magaliTad, epigeas gvaris mcenareebi, romelTagan amJamad mxolod sami saxeobaa SemorCenili, erTi izrdeba

iaponiaSi, meore CrdiloeT amerikaSi, mesame ki aWarasa da lazeTSi (i. eliava da sxv. 1992).

samegrelos teritoriaze gamyinvarebuli floris sakmaod bevri reliqturi nimuSi SemorCa, magram

mcenareuli safari meoTxeul periodSi mainc mniSvnelovnad Seicvala. siTbos movaruli mcenareebis

umetesobis adgili daikaves borealuri floris elementebma, anu gaizarda iseTi mcenareebis wili, romlebic

Tavisi gavrcelebiT dakavSirebulia zomieri sartylis taigasTan. saqarTvelos floris CamoyalibebaSi

mezobeli floristuli, umTavresad aRmosavleT xmelTaSuazRviuri da winaaziuri centrebis gavlenis garda,

didi roli iTamaSa adgilze mimdinare ekobiologiurma procesebma, romlebmac ganapirobes endemebisa da

viwro endemuri saxeobebis warmoSoba.

amasTan erTad, Cven SegviZlia samegreloSi Camosuli turisti davarwmunoT, rom saqarTvelo

gadauWarbeblad namdviladaa mevenaxeoba-meRvineobis qveyana. legendaruli kolxeTis teritoriaze Catarebuli

paleontologiuri gamokvlevebis Sedegad mopovebuli faqtobrivi masalis analizi cxadyofs, rom saqarTvelo

kulturuli vazis formaTa warmoSobis upirvelesi keraa; erT-erTma pirvelebma msoflioSi, 10-9 aTasi wlis

winaT aq mcxovrebma adamianebma SeZles veluri vazisgan mieRoT kulturuli jiSebi, pirveli vazi _ ,,samoTxis

xe~ da misi misi mtevnisagan daewuraT Rvino. VI_I saukuneebSi berZeni da romaeli filosofosebi da mogzaurebi

wyaroebSi aRniSnaven, rom saqarTvelo cnobili iyo cqriala da originaluri kolxuri RvinoebiT.

gansakuTrebul yuradRebas imsaxurebs 1936-1938 wlebSi zugdidis raionis sof. anakliaSi gaTxrebis Sedegad

mopovebuli masalebi, sadac xorblis, fetvis, selis marcvlebTan erTad napovnia yurZnis wibwebi, agreTve

vazis lerwis naSTebi. yvela es masala ki neoliTis xanis bolo periods miekuTvneba. amasTan erTad

paliebotanikuri kvlevebiT mecnierebma daadgines, rom 40-50 milioni wlis winaT, pliocenis epoqaSi kolxeTis

teritoriaze vazis itis-is gvaris ramdenime saxeoba xarobda. swored aqedan, kolxeTidan, gavrcelda is imave

epoqis sxvadasxva etapze dedamiwis sxvadasxva kontinentsa da mxareSi. amis magaliTia kolxeTis paleofloraSi

aRniSnuli vazis forma _ itis betulifolia, romelic Tanamedrove epoqaSi mxolod CineTis tyeebSi xarobs, xolo

saqarTveloSi is ar registrirdeba, geobotanikosebi aRniSnaven rom misi adgili daikava farTod cnobilma

velurma formam iteis silvestris-ma.

logikuria vivaraudoT, rom Zveli kolxebis spontanuri seleqciuri muSaobis Sedegad zemoaRniSnuli

formebidan miRebuli vazis kolxuri jiSebia: egurZguri, uxuCeSi, Cexardani, koloSi, ojaleSi, dRundReSi,

paneSi, maxvateli... da sxva.

aRsaniSnavia agreTve, rom imereTisa da afxazeTis msgavsad samegrelo-zemo svaneTis teritoriaze mravlad

aris warmodgenili sxvadasxva saxis karstuli miwisqveSa siRruveebi –vertikaluri Webi, Saxtebi da

horizontaluri mRvimeebi (b. gergedava, 1999), romelTa nawils gvirabis forma aqvs. maT Soris yviras

masivze unda aRiniSnos cotne dadianis saxelobis vertikaluri maravalsarTuliani mRvime da abovis saxelobis

vertikaluri ufskruli, horizontaluri siRruveebidan ki inwras da demiSfoqvas mRvimeebi. mingarias masivis


RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

miwisqveSa siRruveebidan aRsaniSnavia wifurias gvirabi, saides, doberazenis mRvimeebi. aRniSnul masivze

sayovelTaod cnobilia sajogos Wa. gansakuTrebiT unda gausvaT xazi md. xobisswyalis gaswvriv sof. muxurTan

mdebare mRvimes, romelic Tavisi karstuli formebiTa da darbazebiT araCveulebriv sanaxaobas qmnis. asxis

masivis Crdilo nawilSi ganviTarebulia vertikauluri siRuerieebi: sicivis, ZeZvis, burdulas didi da patara

garamis Webi da Saxtebi.

horizontaluri mravalsarTuliani mRvimeebi gvxdeba samxreT odiSis platos kirqvul masivebze. mag.

urTas samsarTuliani mRvime, xeTis horizontaluri mRvime da caiSis mRvime, ekis mTis kirqvTul nawilebSi

cnobilia soflebis sagunios, kvarRalis, saadamios, sawuleiskiros mRvimeebi. sakuTriv odiSis platos

centraluri nawili, romelic neogenuri konglomeratebiTa da qviSaqvebiT aris agebuli klastokarstuli

mRvimeebis intensiuri gavnviTarebis raions warmoadgens. aq pirvel rigSi aRsaniSnavia korcxelis mRvime,

nazodelaos mRvime, agreTve mRvimeebi sofel jgalis, mazandaras, lewurwumes, savekuos da noRas midamoebSi.

aRsaniSnavia agreTve, rom dasaxelebuli karstuli mRvimeebis daleqili nafenebi garkveuli raodenobiT

Seicaven mcenareTa da cxovelTa namarx naSTebs.

amrigad mocemul naSromSi ganxiluli masalis analizis safuZvelze SeiZleba davaskvnaT:

1. pliocenis dasawyiSi warmoSobili mezofiluri floris kolxuri refugiumi unikaluria msoflioSi.

ar arsebobs sxva adgili dedamiwis zurgze , sadac 100 kv. m farTobze erT WrilSi erTmaneTis gverdi–gverd

xarobdes Zelqva, kolxuri suro, kolxuri bza, wyavi, Sqeri, leRvi da kavkasiuri mocvi, romelsac Tan axlavs

unikaluri fauna.

2. kolxeTSi, samegrelos teritoriaze, kerZod anakliis gaTxrebma da sxva faqtebma daadasturta, rom

vazi, rogorc botanikuri sistematikis erTeuli saqarTvelos floris pirmSoa. am unikaluri mcenaris

kolxuri warmoSobis realuri istoriis gacnoba, Sesabamisad momzadebuli gidebis saSualebiT, daainteresebda

nebismieri mimarTulebis turistsa da mogzaurs.

3. naSromSi dasaxelebuli bunebrivi mRvimeebis, vertikaluri Webis, Saxtebis mravalferovneba da iq

daleqili nafenebi, romlebic uxvad Seicaven mcenareTa da cxovelTa namarx naSTebs, araCveubrivi masalaa

paleontologiuri kvlevebisaTvis, xolo kvlevis Sedegebis gamofena iqneba gansakuTrebiT saintereso

esTeTikuri da ekologiuri turizmis moyvarulTaTvis. amasTan erTad aseTi kvlevebis analizis Sedegebi

warmatebiT SeiZleba iqnes gamoyenebuli warsuli geologiuri epoqebis da dedamiwis geologiuri warsulis

ukanaskneli qronologiuri monakveTis–meoTxeuli periodis (1–2 mln. w. ) bunebrivi garemos Seswavlis saqmeSi.

polieliTeli adamianis mier sacxovreblad mRvimeebi gamoiyeneboda, rasac mowmobs mRvimur nafenebSi

Semonaxuli pirvelyofili adamianis Sromis iaraRebi. romelTa danaxva namdvilad daainteresebda nebismieri

profilis turists.

4. samegrelos Waobebs gansakuTrebuli adgili uWiravs kolxeTis landSaftis, klimatis, hidrologiuri

qselis formirebaSi. aq arsebuli arxebis gamoyeneba turistul marSutebze navebiT gadaadgilebisaTvis,

arxebTan axlos karvebis (e. w. megruli kare) Cadgma da Ramis gasaTevi adgilebis gamoyofa, metad mimzidveli

iqneboda biosferuli da ekologiuri turizmis moyvarulTaTvis.

5. samegrelo–zemosvaneTis mxare Tavisi Tvalwarmtaci landSaftebiT, bioekologiuri mozaikiT SeiZleba

gaxdes erT-erTi saukeTeso turistuli marSruti aRmosavleT evropaSi. naSromSi mocemuli masalis

safuZvelze sasurvelia Seiqmnas ramdenime Sida turistuli marSuti da maRali xarisxis marketingisa da

swori menejmentis SemTxvevaSi wlis nebismier dros Catardes turebi biosferuli turizmis, ekologiuri

turizmisa da eqstremaluri turizmis mimarTulebiT.

literatura

1. v. alfaiZe, r. RambaSiZe. „samegrelo – geologiuri agebuleba da ganviTarebis istoria”. Tbilisi,

1999. gv. 10.

2. b. gergedava. „samegrelo – karsti”. Tbilisi, 1999. gv. 38–39.

3. i. eliava, g. naxucriSvili, g. qajaia. ,,ekologiis safuZvlebi”. Tbilisi, 1992. gv. 264; 330.

4. g. farulava, m. gergedava, a. Wolokava. ,,mTaTaSoriseuli kolxeTis ekologiur–faunisturi

Taviseburebebi”. Tbilisi, 1999. gv. 10-11.

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RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

86

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wyinvalebis brwyinvalebis saprezidento

saprezidento

ordenis ordenis kavaleri

kavaleri

ori ori roland roland axalaia axalaia zugdididan

zugdididan

zugdididan

_ _ minda minda gaixsenoT gaixsenoT am am am wlis wlis erTi erTi dRe,

dRe,

romlis romlis gmirebi gmirebi erTdroulad erTdroulad erTdroulad ori

ori

zugdideli zugdideli zugdideli roland roland axalaia axalaia axalaia aRmoCnda,

aRmoCnda,

Tbilisi, Tbilisi, 26 26 maisis maisis dResaswauli...…

dResaswauli...…

_ hoo... wina dRes damirekes, aRlumze unda

gamocxadde saSvi iqnebao daSvebuli.

iq Sematyobines prezidenti brwyinvalebis

saprezidento ordeniT dagvajildovebTo. sul

23 kaci viyaviT, maT Soris ori roland

axalaia, ramac patara dabneulobebic ki

gamoiwvia _ vinc jer erTi roland axalaia

naxa

da gaigona _ dajildovdes janmrTelobis

dacvis saqmeSi miRweuli

warmatebisTviso _ ifiqra: amas ra undoda

jandacvaSio... me vinc mnaxa,

da Tan moismina korufciasTan mebrZolio,

aman eg riTi daimsaxurao, gaikvirves. mokled,

ori marine feraZis varianti iyo...

_ _ prezidentma prezidentma Tu Tu Tqva Tqva rame rame rame amis amis

amis

Sesaxeb?

Sesaxeb?

_ rogor ara,…orive rolandi

dagajildoveTo. mere dagvpatiJes prezidentis

sasaxleSi, alafurSetze. batoni mixeili

bolomde ar darCenila... cota xanSi ki

televizorSi, vxedav, pirdapiri CarTvaa

zugdididan da Cveni prezidenti iq ar aris?!

saocaria energiis kacia... meteoriviT aris,

mTavari ki is aris, rom gadawyvetilebebs

Rebulobs swrafad, droze. amas ucxoeli

eqspertebic aRniSnaven. Zireuli cvlilebebi

yovelTvis mtkivneulia... Secdomisganac

dazRveuli ver iqnebi. energiulad

ganxorcielebuli,

arapopularuli, magram swori

gadawyvetilebebi ki Tavis Sedegs ar

daayovnebs xolme. axlaxan kievSi rom viyavi,

erTma ukrai nelma _ namyofi iyo

saqarTveloSi da Cveni reformebi naxa, miTxra:

87

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB

CvenTan Zvrac ar aris, erT adgils vtkepniTo.

erTi wliT mainc Tqveni prezidenti Cveni

prezidenti rom iyoso... me vuTxari, es

SeuZlebelia-meTqi.

_ _ _ mokled, mokled, ar ar daTanxmdiT

daTanxmdiT

prezidentis prezidentis gadayvanaze...

gadayvanaze...

gadayvanaze...

_ ara.

_ _ _ eqimi eqimi kaci, kaci, moqmedi moqmedi qirurgi, qirurgi, poli- poli- polipoli- tikaSi, tikaSi, partiul partiul saqmianobaSi saqmianobaSi sul sul xarT

xarT

CarTuli... CarTuli... axlac axlac sakrebulos sakrebulos wevri wevri

wevri

brZandebiT.

brZandebiT.

_ partiul saqmianobaSi, rogorc aseTi,

arasdros viyavi CarTuli... sakrebulos wevri

ki orjer viyavi, jer sul pirvelad, jguSias

droindel sakrebuloSi viyavi arCeuli.

garkveuli drois Semdeg gancxadeba davwere

da wavedi iqidan.. saqmis keTeba ar iyo,

sul dapirispirebebi, brZola iyo, skamisTvis,

pirvelobisTvis. axla ukve sxva situaciaa

sakrebuloSi saqme keTdeba. Tumca maSin,

survilic rom hqonoda arc iyo realuri

pirobebi saqme gagekeTebina. sad iyo finansebi,

ra biujeti iyo... finansebis gareSe ki ras

gaakeTeb... 4-5 wlis winaT vin

warmoid genda, rom Cveni gapartaxebuli

saavadmyofo gaxde boda evropuli

standartebis samedicino centri. uaxlesi

aparaturiT, Tanamedrove

teqnologiebiT, saTanado komfortiT...

calke, avtonomiurad aseT naxtoms veravin

gaakeTebda. imitom gakeTda, rom saxelmwifo,

misi struqturebi muSaobs, aris wesrigi, aris

biujeti, aris Semosavali da saqme keTdeba.

_ _ _ saxecvlileba, saxecvlileba, saxecvlileba, warmatebebi,

warmatebebi,

warmatebebi,

samedicino samedicino servisis servisis maRali maRali done, done, cxadia,

cxadia,

saxezea, saxezea, magram magram isev isev rCeba rCeba is is problema,

problema,

problema,

rom rom yvelasTvis yvelasTvis es es sikeTe sikeTe misawvdomi misawvdomi ar

ar

aris.

aris.

_ Cvens saavadmyofoSi Semosuli

kontigentis 65-70 procents aqvs polisi. 0-3

wlamde bavSvebis momsaxureba ufasoa, 60 wlis

zeviT aris 25-procentiani

Tanagadaxda. umweoTa kategorias aqvs

polisi, saxelmwifos mier dazRveulia

rogorc maswavleblebi, samarTaldamcavi

organoebi, jari, aseve patimrebi. amis garda

imaT, vinc muSaobs, aqvT korporaciuli

dazRveva. vfiqrob, es swori gzaa da momavalSi

saqarTveloSi ar unda darCes arc erTi

adamiani dazRvevis polisis gareSe. saerTod

ki Cveni midgoma janmrTelobis mimarT xSirad

gamarTlebuli ar aris. ai, saxelmwifom rom

gamoacxada SesaniSnavi, minda vTqva iafi

dazRvevis programa xalxma raRac 2 laramde

TveSi ar gaimeta sakuTari

janmrTelobisTvis... rogori undoblobac ar

yofiliyo, am programis mimarT, amaze uaris

Tqma rogor SeiZleboda. es mizeruli Tanxa

rogor unda dagnaneboda. namdvilad kargi

Sansi gavuSviT xelidan... cxadia,

amiT ar mTavrdeba yvelaferi, saxelmwifom

axali gzebi unda moZebnos.. cota unda


RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

SevicvaloT azrovnebac. rogor SeiZleba

adamiani muSaobde da dazRveva ar hqondes?

aris xom sxvadasxva Rirebulebis

sadazRvevo paketebi. ucxoelebi erT nabijs

ar gadadgamen polisis gareSe, gulis jibeSi

udevT. dRevandel realobas unda moergo...

Torem momavalSi, SesaZloa, iseTi Zlieri

saxelmwifo gveqneba, Tavis Tavze aiRos Cvens

janmrTelobaze zrunva...

_ _ imedia, imedia, ase ase iqneba... iqneba... dRes, dRes, gasagebia, gasagebia,

gasagebia,

saxelmwifo saxelmwifo cdilobs cdilobs yvelaze yvelaze uqoneli

uqoneli

fena fena daazRvios. daazRvios. magram magram dazRvevis dazRvevis gareSe

gareSe

darCenilTa darCenilTa Soris Soris mxolod mxolod mcire mcire nawils

nawils

aqvs aqvs SesaZlebloba SesaZlebloba saWiro saWiro samedicino

samedicino

xarjebi xarjebi xarjebi dafaros... dafaros... gansakuTrebulad

gansakuTrebulad

garTulda garTulda mdgomareoba mdgomareoba gadaudebeli

gadaudebeli

urgentuli urgentuli daxmarebis daxmarebis daxmarebis SemTxvevaSi

SemTxvevaSi.

SemTxvevaSi

SemTxvevaSi

araerTxel araerTxel gamigia gamigia, gamigia gadaudebel gadaudebel operacias

operacias

manam manam ar ar mokides mokides xeli, xeli, sanam sanam fulis

fulis

ambavi ambavi ar ar gaarkvieso..

gaarkvieso..

_ gadaudebel, mwvave SemTxvevis

dros avadmyofisTvis uaris Tqma

warmoudgenelia... Tu Cvens saavadmyofoze rame

konkretuli faqti gaqvT _ es aravis epatieba...

eqimi, romelic mxolod gasamrjelosTvis aris

eqimi, eqimia ar aris... Cven vexmarebiT

avadmyofs, mere, Tu polisi ara aqvs, warvudgenT

kalkulacias...

im SemTxvevaSi, Tu erTbaSad gadaxda ar

SeuZlia, grafiks vudgenT yovelTviur

gadaxdaze... gamonaklisebsac vuSvebT... amJamad

es aris, risi gakeTeba SegviZlia..

_ _ batono batono roland, roland, yvelaze yvelaze humanuri

humanuri

profesia profesia gaqvT, gaqvT, cnobili cnobili qirurgi

qirurgi

brZandebiT brZandebiT romelsac romelsac asobiT asobiT adamiani

adamiani

gadaurCenia,gadaurCenia, magram magram ai, ai, ramden ramden sirTusirTu-

leze leze visaubreT... visaubreT... ris ris ris gamoc gamoc pacienti

pacienti

yovelTvis yovelTvis ver ver iqneba iqneba madlieri... madlieri... madlieri... am

am

mxriv, mxriv, adamianuri adamianuri madlierebis madlierebis mxriv,

mxriv,

kidev kidev ufro ufro ufro met met sirTuleebs sirTuleebs awyde awyde

awyde

prokurori, prokurori, prokurori, romelic romelic profesiiT profesiiT profesiiT aris

aris

bralmdebeli, bralmdebeli, rogorc rogorc Tqveni Tqveni sexnia, sexnia, da

da

TqvensaviT TqvensaviT brwyinvalebis brwyinvalebis brwyinvalebis saprezidento

saprezidento

ordenis ordenis kavaleri, kavaleri, samegrelo-zemo

samegrelo-zemo

samegrelo-zemo

svaneTis svaneTis saolqo saolqo prokurori prokurori roland

roland

axalaia.

axalaia.

_ Cemi azriT, roland axalaia yvelaze

patiosani da obieqturi kacia, visac vic nob.

arada, Zalian didi xania vicnob, vici yvela

niuansi misi biografiis. studentobidan Tavis

niWiT, mondomebiT miaRwia yvelafers da

yovelTvis iyo obieqturi, samarTliani, amaSi

me 100 procentiT var darwmunebuli. arasdros

gadadgams aramarTebul nabijs. Zalian

kacTmoyvare da mimtevebelia..

_ mimtevebeli mimtevebeli prokuroris prokuroris misamarTiT

misamarTiT

sakmaod sakmaod sakmaod uCveulo uCveulo uCveulo Sefasebaa.

Sefasebaa.

Sefasebaa.

_ diax, diax, swored

aseTia es prokurori. ar vici, Tqven rogor

icnobT, magram Zalian mimtevebeli

da kacTmoyvarea.. Svilebic aseTi

gaizardnen, gagigiaT rame ukanono CaedinaT,

momxeWvelebi arian?!

88

_ gagebiT gagebiT ki ki mogexsenebaT, mogexsenebaT, am am ojaxis

ojaxis

wevrebi wevrebi erT erT dros dros opoziciis opoziciis mTavari

mTavari

samiznec samiznec iyvnen. iyvnen. sxva sxva sakiTxia, sakiTxia, mosmenili

mosmenili

ramdenad ramdenad Seesabameba Seesabameba realobas, realobas, radgan,

radgan,

samwuxarod,

samwuxarod,

polemika polemika CvenSi CvenSi mxolod mxolod Sav-TeTri

Sav-TeTri

ferebSi ferebSi midis.

midis.

_ dro gaivlis da maSin naTlad

gamoCndeba, vis raSi ra wvlili miuZRvis, vin

ra poziciaze iyo yvelafers Tavisi saxeli

daerqmeva... cota gaakeTa am ojaxma, qurduli

mentalitetis daZlevisTvis, romelic RrRnida

sazogadoebas. gaxsovT, reketiorebs rom

sajarod icavdnen cnobili adamianebi... im

damyayebuli sistemis daSla umtkivneulo ver

iqneboda cxadia, sapasuxod yovelgvar

sibinZureze midiodnen.. maT Soris presis

meSveobiT.. axla xom yvelaferi SeiZleba

daiweros. gazeTSi aseTi raRac dabeWdes Cemze

_ roland axalaia yoveldRe mivardeba da

meubneba, daxure Seni klinikao... arada, im

adamians saerTod arasdros Sevxvedrivar. ar

vici, Jurnalistis fantazia iyo es Tu misi

tyuili... sxvagan kidev aseTi raRac daweres

quTaisis saavadmyofoze _ eqimebs elenTa

gasayidad undodaTo. arada, elenTis

transplantacia saerTod ar keTdeba, patara

dazianebac Tu aris,

ver gakerav da amitom, mTlianad vaSorebT

xolme. uzustobebi, Secdoma nebismier saqmes

axlavs... ise ki, xSirad presisgan yvela

mxolod misTvis misaReb ,,obieqturobas” da

,,Tavisuflebas~ iTxovs. obieqturoba da

Tavisufleba ki gamocdaa,

romelsac mTeli sazogadoeba abarebs...

_ amaSi amaSi amaSi geTanxmebiT. geTanxmebiT. ,,SevrigdiT~,

,,SevrigdiT~,

,,SevrigdiT~,

da da da bolos bolos Tqveni Tqveni saaxalwlo

saaxalwlo

saaxalwlo

survilebi...

survilebi...

_ janmrTelobas da jansaR

sazogadoebaSi cxovrebas, warmatebas,

bednierebas vusurveb yvela zugdidels,

sruliad saqarTvelos.

marina marina qardava qardava, qardava

gazeTi ,,zugdidi”,

,,zugdidi”,

#38-39, #38-39, 29. 29. 12. 12. 2010 2010 ww

w.

ww


ori ori wlis wlis Semdeg

Semdeg

(2011 (2011 w.)

w.)

_ batono batono batono roland, roland, vubrundebiT vubrundebiT ori ori wlis wlis

wlis

winandel winandel saubars. saubars. ra ra gakeTda gakeTda am am am xnis xnis manZilze?

manZilze?

_ ori wlis ganmavlobaSi is gakeTda rom, adre Tu 3000

pacients vRebulobdiT, axla ukve 9000 gadaaWarba stacionarSi

mkurnal avadmyofTa raodenobam, plus amas ambulatoriul

avadmyofTa raodenoba 60 aTasamde avida. saavadmyofos

Semosavali 5-jer ki ara, aramed 10-jer gaizarda.

gaixsna xelovnuri Tirkmlis departamenti rac yvelaze

mniSvnelovania, sadac mimdinareobs im avadmyofTa mkurnaloba,

romlebsac aqvT Tirkmlebis qronikuli da mwvavae ukmarisoba.

Tqven albaT jer ar ginaxavT es Cevni departamenti,

romelic axlaxans gavxseniT. warmatebuli departamenia, araTu

Cvens saavadmyofoSi, aramed saqarTveloSic. sadac keTdeba

xelovnuri dializi da am dializis meSveobiT unarCundeba

sicocxle ramodenime aTeul avadmyofs. TveSi sam cvlaSi

midis muSaoba, sul gvaqvs 11 palata, daaxloebiT 50 avadmyofs

utardeba es xelovnuri dia lizi, yovel meore mesame dRes

Cvenebis mixedviT. pirvel sarTulze TuU CaxvalT naxavT

ramxela sikeTe gakeTda Cveni regionisTvis, radganac am

kontigentis avadmyofebi, ZiriTadad am diali- zisTvis

dadiodnen TbilisSi, quTaisSi. es iciT ramxela xarjebTanaa

dakavSirebuli, ramxela fizikuri datvir- TvasTvaa aseTi

avadmyofebisaTvis., da axla, RvTis wyalobiT es keTdeba

CvenTan, Cvens saavadmyofoSi da Cveni regionis mosaxleobas

ukve aRara aqvs sasiarulo sxva regionebSi, Tu dedaqalaqSi.

bolo ori wlis ganmavlobaSi es umniSvne- lovanesi saqme

gakeTda. erTi welia rac es departamenti gavxseniT.

_ batono batono roland, roland, roland, 50 50 eqimi eqimi iyo iyo dasaqmebuli dasaqmebuli ori

ori

wlis wlis winaT winaT da da axla axla am am am mxriv mxriv ra ra mdgomareobaa?

mdgomareobaa?

_ Cven CavatareT konkursi da sakmaod didi raodenoba

meddebisa, romlebic muSaobdnen raionul saavadmyofoSi, axla

Cvens personalSi iricxebian. momavalSi ra bedi eweva

raionul saavadmyofos Cvens kompetenciaSi ar Sedis, es maRal

instanciebSi gadawydeba. im Senobis, im teri- toriis

mepatrone gaxlavT janaSvili. rac TqvenTvis yvela

mniSvnelovani da informaciulia, gaxlavT is rom abaSaSi

keTdeba axali saavadmyofo, igi TiTqmis dasrulebulia, igive

mdgomareobaa xobSi, aseTive proeqti xorcieldeba CxorowyuSi,

walenjixasa da qalaq foTSi, martvilSi.

2011 wels es sakiTxi uve dasrulebuli iqneba, 2011 wlis

bolosTvis am qalaqebSi iqneba axali saavadmyofoebi,

Tanamderove teqnikiT aRWurvili, da iqneba iseTi samedicino

dawesebuleba, rogoric ekadreba Cvens mosaxleobas.

_ rara mdgomareobaa mdgomareobaa ojaxSi, ojaxSi, daamTavres daamTavres biWebma biWebma uniuniuni- versiteti?

versiteti?

_ erTma kievSi daamTavra samedicino, ordinaturazea, meore

wels amTavrebs Tsu-s iuridiul fakultets. ai, daTo fifias

qaliSvili, magaliTad, magrad mReris da prizebsac iRebs,

konkursebSi imarjvebs, daemsgavsa mamamiss. ilaparakeT batono.

me operaciaze meCqareba.

_batono _batono _batono daviT, daviT, daviT, rogor rogor SearCieT SearCieT personali

personali

saavadmyofosaTvis?

saavadmyofosaTvis?

_ obieqturad moxda samedicino personalis ayvana,

testireba iyo mTavari orientiri da kriteriumi samsaxurSi

saSualo personalis (eqTnis) ayvanis. am ori wlis

89

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB


RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

ganmavlobaSi dainerga axali

teqnologiebi _

laparaskopiuli operaciebi

,,usisxlo~ operaciebs rom

eZaxian, dainerga sxvadasxva

endosko-piuri gamokvlevebi,

rogoricaa: karTrokopia,

oxoskopia, kolonoskopia.

SeviZineT ,,jonsonis” firmis

uaxlesi litrosis

laboratoriuli

aRWurviloba. kerZod,

bioqimiuri analizatori,

imunofer menuli

analizatori; SeviZineT

uaxlesi sasterilizacio

mowyobiloba, romelic

saqarTveloSi or

dawesebulebaSia mxolod.

erTi respublikur

saavadmyofoSi, meore _

CvenTan. am ori wlis

ganmavlobaSi pacientTa

ricxvma moimata samjer

stacionalur nawilSi.

pacientTa mateba iwvevs

dawesebu- lebis finansur

zrdas. stacionarSi 9000

pacienti iqna dafiqsirebuli

2010 wels, ambula- toriulad

miRebul iqna 60 aTasi

pacienti wlis ganmavlobaSi,

es STambeWdavi cifrebia

regionuli

dawesebulebisaTvis.

_ ramdenad

ramdenad

monawileobdnen

monawileobdnen

sadazRveo sadazRveo kompaniebi kompaniebi am

am

ori ori wlis wlis manZilze?

manZilze?

_ mogaxsenebT. mTavari isaa,

rom principi: Raribi

pacientisaTvis xelmiuwvdomeli

iqneba es

dawesebuleba ar amarTlebs

da arc gamarTldeba. dRes

umweo pacienti, romelsac

gaaCnia polisi da

saxelmwifos mieraa

dazRveuli bevrad ufro

daculi gamodis im saSualo

fenaze, romelic dazRveuli

araa. imisTana kargi

sadazRveo paketi aqvs umweos,

pedagogs, Zalovnebs... es is

kontigentia, romelic

saxelmwifom daazRvia. ase

rom, Cveni dawesebuleba

xelmisawvdomia nebismieri

polisiani pacientisaTvis.

xval da zeg unda

Camoyalibdes qveyanaSi

sadazRveo kultura, yvela

moqalaqe unda mixvdes rom,

saWiroa iyos dazRveuli.

dawesebulebaSi minimaluri

problema iqneba, roca meti

dazRveuli pacienti moxvdeba,

netavi aravin moxved riliyos

am dawesbulebaSi, magram

namdvilad codoa pacienti

dazRvevis gareSe.

_ _ batono batono daviT, daviT, sul

sul

moZraobaSi moZraobaSi xarT, xarT, amas

amas

winaT winaT abaSaSi abaSaSi iyaviT

iyaviT

Turme?

Turme?

_ kompania ,,blok jorjias”

pirveli valdebuleba

saxelmwifos winaSe, es iyo

zugdidis mravalprofiliani

saavadmyofos aSeneba-aRWurva,

romelic man pirnaTlad

Seasrula. axla iwyeba meore

etapi, mas gadaeca samegrelos

regionis hospitaluri qselis

ganviTareba, Seqmna da aRWurva

_ abaSis, martvilis, Cxorowyus,

walenjixis, xobis raionebis

da qalaq foTis. am wlis

bolosaTvis kompania

imedovnebs gaxsnas axali

saavadmyofoebi, 15 sawoliani,

90

yvela zemoT CamoTvlil

raionSi, xolo q.foTSi ki 70

sawoliani centris

mSenebloba daasrulos. aseTi

ambiciuri gegmaa. es

dawesebulebebi pirvel rigSi

advilad misawvdomi iqneba

adgilobrivi

mosaxleobisaTvis, da iqneba

qseluri marTva. abaSaSi

iqneba erTiani qseli male,

Tavisi saswrafoTi, Tavisi

reanomo- bilebiT. ,,blok

jorjias” ergo agreTve

quTaisis axali samedicino

centri da dama- tebiT 200

sawols umatebs im axal

centrs. dasavleTis

nacionaluri medicinis

intervenciuli centri

umatebs 200 sawols, anu mTeli

samegrelo da imereTi

umsxvilesi samedicino

dawesebulebaa, ai,

rogorivaldebulebebia

aRebuli saxelmwifos winaSe,

da midis maTi Sesruleba.

_ _ _ Seni Seni Seni gogona gogona gogona ra ra

ra

asakisaa?

asakisaa?

_ cxra wlisaa da kargi

musikaluri monacemebi aqvs.


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94


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95

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB

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RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

NEHBCNEKB

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RJVGFYBF

RJVGFYBF

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krebuli ,,lakada~, oRond masSi Sesulia rveulebis aRmoCenamde

moZiebuli leqsebi.

96


97

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB


RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & / / @)!!

@)!!

ukvdavebis

ukvdavebis

wyali wyali truskavecSi

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VOAYAGE” yvelafers gaakeTebs imisaTvis, raTa

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saWiro yvela piroba: maRali

donis sanatoriumebi, srulfasovani dieturi

kveba, sportuli da samkurnalo seqciebi da

a.S. aqve xazgasmiT vacxadebT: yvelaze mTavari

truskavecSi _ fasebia. igi bevrad dabalia

evropis Tu msoflios sxva kurortebTan SedarebiT.

samkurnalo kompleqsSi Tqven SegiZliaT

gaikeToT ozokeritisa da mineraluri

wylebis abazanebi. rac Seexeba ukrainis SesaniSnav

havas, igi xom zRaprulad moqmedebs

adamianis janmrTelobaze?! sanatoriumSi

misul yovel pacients gadascemen diagnozis

Sesabamis pakets. truskavecSi uxasiaTod Casuli

adamianebi frena-freniT brundebian iqauri

mineraluri wylebis RvTaebrivi Zalis

wyalobiT. damatebiTi informaciisaTvis dagvikavSirdiT:

tel.: tel.: tel.: (822) (822) 99 99 83 83 86;

86;

857 857 60 60 39 39 29 29. 29

98

VBIUE VBIUE KFLTQ KFLTQ CB

CB

ybrjacbblfy ybrjacbblfy lfhe,fylfvlbc6

lfhe,fylfvlbc6

truskaveci.

truskaveci.

sastumro

sastumro

cdfyeh cdfyeh rjirt,bs rjirt,bs ptwf ptwf ,, ,, ,,DNEPRBESKID”

,, yfktcb6

yfktcb6

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wf6

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rf[tsbs6

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•fltcb6

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vbiuekfltqcb7

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[dtlhbf6

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yfstcb6

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vbiuekfltqcb7

vbiuekfltqcb7

uehb uehb jnj,fbf6

jnj,fbf6

!((( !((( !((( o7

o7


HTRKFVF

HTRKFVF

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RFYRBF

KFRFLF

KFRFLF

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GJTPBF

& & / @)!!6 @)!!6 RBH,BCB RBH,BCB

RBH,BCB

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[TKBCUEKPT

_ Tu Tu misaxsovrebT misaxsovrebT davbeWdavT davbeWdavT momdevno

momdevno

no nomerSi. no merSi.

_ eg Cemi ocnebaa. biZaCemi fridonic poeti iyo.

kafe ,,rotondas~ stilSi cxovrobda. manac gamosca

leqsebis momcro krebuli ,,oxaCque”, Tumca babuas

poezia gansakuTrebulia. biZaSvili Cinebuli pianisti

myavs _ nona kankia. mokled, Cems garSemo SemoqmedebiTi

suli trialebda da trialebs gamudmebiT.

_ turizmisken turizmisken ram ram gibiZgaT, gibiZgaT, vin vin wagaqezaT?

wagaqezaT?

_ es ukve mamaCemis _ valeri kankias damsaxurebaa.

mama ,,engurhesis~ komerciuli direqtoria da xSirad

uwevda mivlinebaSi yofna, gansakuTrebiT _ ruseTsa

da ukrainaSi. iq, qalaq truskavecSi, aRmouCenia sanatoriumi

_ saocreba. ,,nafTusias~ mineralur wyalze

giJdeba. weliwadSi erTxel usaTuod miemgzavreba

iqiTken. es turistuli marSrutic misi idea. xeli

momimarTa kompaniis dafuZnebaSi. SemaZenina kompiuterebi.

ofisi jer-jerobiT mocicqnuli maqvs, magram,

imedia, male gavfarTovdebiT. Tbilisidan sisxam diliT

gasulebi movinaxulebT bagratis taZars, vanis gaTxrebs,

arqeopoliss, dadianebis saxl-muzeums. RamiT

zRvispira Cinebul sastumro ,,anakliaSi~ gavCerdebiT.

turistebi aq orjer SeZleben zRvaSi banaobas _ bindispirsa

Tu alionze. Semdgom pirdapir svaneTis

gzas avuyvebiT. gaangariSebulia yoveli wuTi da

kilometri. ukan mobrunebulebi qarTuli hidroinJineriis

siamaye _ TaRovan kaSxalTan gadaviRamebT. am

unikaluri nagebobidan xelisgulzea dalagebuli weliwadis

oTxive dro. adgilobrivebisaTvis es marSruti

ordRiani iqneba, xolo ucxoelTaTvis _ 3-4 dRiani.

_ _ gamigonia: gamigonia: Sone Sone maZirafuq maZirafuq eWofua eWofua _

_

svaneTi svaneTi mnaxvelma mnaxvelma dai dai daipyroo. dai pyroo.

_ ki, mec msmenia babua doroTesgan, magram dRes

azrTa urTierTgaziarebis, erTmaneTTan daaxloebis

gareSe, win veRarafriT waviwevT. aq marto ,,diskaverebiT~

fons ver gavalT _ saWiroa cocxali kontaqtebi.

mereda, turizmi dRevandeli gagebiT primitiul

daTvalirebaze meti RonisZiebaa. igi TavisTavSi gulisxmobs

biznesis aRorZinebasac. am xalxSi, SesaZloa

bevri aRmoCendes saqarTvelos floriTa da fauniT

dainteresebuli pirovneba. vin icis, iqneb romelimem

farmakologiis ganviTareba moiwadina medeas samSobloSi?!

turistuli marSruti: Tbilisi-quTaisi-vanizugdidi-anaklia-kaSxali-mestia,

marTalia, mamis ideaa,

magram _ Cemgan xorcSesxmuli, mZiviviT akinZuli Cems

mier da vdgamT kidec mokrZalebul pirvel nabijebs.

_ qalbatono, qalbatono, marine, marine, RmerTma RmerTma xeli

xeli

mogimarToT, mogimarToT, am am am saSviliSvilo saSviliSvilo saqmeSi saqmeSi da da kidev

kidev

erTic: erTic: babua babua doroTes doroTes wignis wignis motana motana ar

ar

dagaviwydeT.

dagaviwydeT.

99


RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 & & & / / @)!!

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CB

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wf6

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[dtlhbf6

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yfstkib6

dfhcrdkfdbfyb dfhcrdkfdbfyb ptwf ptwf rtshbf6 rtshbf6

rtshbf6

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vbiuekfltqcb7

fqvjcfdktsbs fqvjcfdktsbs fqvjcfdktsbs bctd bctd byfsf6

byfsf6

ufmhyty ufmhyty ufmhyty vsbt,b vsbt,b vsbt,b wfpt wfpt yfstcb6 yfstcb6

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[jxf [jxf vfht vfht lf lf [jxf [jxf lbyfsf

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vbiuekfltqcb7

uehb uehb jnj,fbf6

jnj,fbf6

!((( !((( o7

o7

smartvoyage@mail. ru www. voyage. ge Tbilisi, rusTavelis 18, tel.: 93 12 04, 557 60 39 29.

100

ISSN 1512 - 3456

ST.K. 9771512345002

RBH,BCB6 RBH,BCB6 &6 &6 @)!!

@)!!

~JMHJC ~JMHJC CFOVBCB` CFOVBCB`

CFOVBCB`

KIRBISI, 7/2011

(GOLGEN FLEECE)

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