osnjQ+ksMZ (WEATHERFORD) vkpj.k lafgrk

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osnjQ+ksMZ (WEATHERFORD) vkpj.k lafgrk

uSfrdrk ds ekudA

oguh; fodklA

osnjQ+ksMZ (WEATHERFORD) vkpj.k lafgrk


gekjs lhbZvks vkSj lhlhvks dk lans'k

gekjs ps;jeSu] izsflMsaV vkSj eq[; dk;Zdkjh vf/kdkjh vkSj

okbl izsflMsaV vkSj eq[; vuqikyu vf/kdkjh dk lans'k

fiz; lgdfeZ;ksa%

gekjh daiuh ds fodkl ds lkFk&lkFk] gekjs lHkh O;kolkf;d dk;ZO;ogkjksa esa mRÑ"Vrk ds

mPpre ekudksa dk ikyu gekjs izpkyuksa ds fy, vfuok;Z cuk jgsxkA

;g uSfrd vkpj.k vkSj oS/kkfud vuqikyu ds izfr gekjh izfrc)rk ds ekeys esa fo'ks"k rkSj ij

lgh gSA uSfrd O;ogkj dsoy ,d dkuwuh ckè;rk ugha gksrk & bldk vFkZ csgrj O;kolkf;d

le> Hkh gksrk gSA ;g dq'kyrk vkSj izHkko'khyrk dks lqfuf'pr djrk gS & tks vkt ds c


ikap cqfu;knh O;ogkj---,d osnjQ+ksMZ

ii

vuqfØ;k'khy cusa

yphykiu vkSj rRijrkA gesa laLFkku ds Hkhrj vkSj

ckgj nksuksa txgksa ij] Lo;a dks fujarj ifjorZu'khy

O;kolkf;d ifjos'k vkSj cnyrh izkFkfedrkvksa

ds vuqdwy cuk, j[kuk pkfg,A ge yksxksa dh

vko';drkvksa ij /;ku nsrs gSa vkSj mu ij izfrlkn

djrs gSa rFkk mudh fu"Bk vkSj fo'okl dks cuk, j[kus

dk O;fDrxr nkf;Ro lk>k djrs gSaA ge fLFkfr dh

le>nkjh lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, dke djrs gSa] ge

laHkkfor ifj.kkeksa vkSj lek/kkuksa ij ppkZ djrs gSa] vkSj

mlds ckn og dke djrs gSa tks ge djus dk oknk

djrs gSaA

iwjs osx ls dke djsa

fo"k; dsafnzr vkSj ÅtkZokuA ge vius vkSj vU; yksxksa

ds fy, fu/kkZfjr y{;ksa dks izkIr djus ds fy, dke

djsaxsA ge vius lkeus ekStwn pqukSfr;ksa ;k dk;ksZa &

ftu ij rqjar /;ku nsuk vko';d gks vkSj os ftudh

;kstuk gesa Hkfo"; ds fy, cukuh gS nksuksa ij & /;ku

dsafnzr djsaxs vkSj blds fy, ge viuh iwjh ÅtkZ

yxk nsaxsA ge vknr ;k #Vhu ds pyrs dksbZ dke

ugha djsaxsA

uohurk ryk'ksa

u;s ifjizs{;A ge lh[kuk dHkh ugha NksM+rsA ge ,sls

u, fopkjksa vkSj varn`Zf"V dh ryk'k djrs gSa tks gekjs

O;olk; vkSj ;gka rd m|ksx ij okLro esa vlj Mky

ldrs gSaA ge yxkrkj fopkj djrs jgrs gSa fd lQyrk

dh jkg esa vkus okyh ck/kkvksa dks dSls nwj fd;k tk,A

;g jpukRedrk dsoy bathfu;fjax ;k mRiknksa vkSj

lsokvksa ij gh ykxw ugha gksrhA ;g yksxksa dh HkrhZ djus

vkSj mUgsa laLFkku esa cuk, j[kus ds rjhdksa] mRiknksa ds

fuekZ.k ds rjhdksa] vius xzkgdksa dks lsok iznku djus ds

rjhdksa ij Hkh ykxw gksrh gSA

fouezrk dks izksRlkfgr djsa

feydj l'kDr cusaA ge lcdks lkFk ysdj pyrs gSaA

ge O;fDrxr tokcnsgh dks cuk, j[krs gq, lgHkkfxrk

dks c


fo"k;lwph

ikap cqfu;knh O;ogkj---

,d osnjQ+ksMZ

vuqfØ;k'khy cusa

iwjs osx ls dke djsa

uohurk ryk'ksa

fouezrk dks izksRlkfgr djsa

vuq'kklu dks viuk,a

ii

ii

ii

ii

ii

[kaM 01

,d osnjQ+ksMZ ds :i esa fodkl djuk 2

gekjh lafgrk dk bLrseky djuk 3

ekxZn'kZu ysuk vkSj fparkvksa dh

lwpuk nsuk 4

cnys dh dkjZokb;ksa ls j{kk 5

izca/ku ds nkf;Ro 5

04

ge fodkl ds fy, izfrc) gSa---

vius 'ks;j/kkjdksa ds fy, 12

lVhd fjdkWMZ 13

gekjh daiuh dh ifjlaifÙk;ka 14

fgrksa ds Vdjko 16

vkarfjd O;kikj 19

02

03

ge fodkl ds fy, izfrc) gSa---

vius dk;ZLFky esa 6

LokLF;] lqj{kk] laj{kk vkSj i;kZoj.k 7

HksnHkko vkSj mRihM+u 8

ge fodkl ds fy, izfrc) gSa---

vius leqnk;ksa esa 10

ekuokf/kdkj 11

i;kZoj.k dh fuxjkuh 11

LFkkuh; leqnk;ksa dks lg;ksx 11

O;fDrxr jktuhfrd Hkkxhnkjh 11

05

06

ge fodkl ds fy, izfrc) gSa---

vius xzkgdksa vkSj O;kolkf;d

lk>snkjksa ds fy, 20

xq.koÙkk fu;a=.k ds ekud 21

ljdkjh xzkgd 21

ge fodkl ds fy, izfrc) gSa---

vius cktkjksa esa 22

bZekunkjh ds lkFk izfrLi)kZ 22

izfrLi)kZ dkuwu 23

Hkz"Vkpkj&fu"ks/k dkuwu 24

dkys /ku dks lQsn djuk 26

O;kikfjd fu;a=.k 27

07

gekjh lafgrk laca/kh fVIif.k;ka 30

gekjh lafgrk ls NwV ysuk 31


,d osnjQ+ksMZ ds :i esa fodkl djuk

[kaM 01

2


gekjh daiuh lqj{kk vkSj xq.koÙkk ds mPp

ekudksa dk ikyu djrs gq, rsy m|ksx dh

pkyd 'kfDr cuus dk iz;kl djrh gSA

tSlk fd ge lHkh tkurs gSa] gekjh daiuh rsth ls fodkl dj jgh gS vkSj ,sls fodkl ds ifj.kkeLo:i c


ekxZn'kZu ysuk vkSj fparkvksa dh lwpuk nsuk

osnjQ+ksMZ dh vksj ls dke djrs gq,] vkidk lkeuk fdlh dfBu fLFkfr ls gks ldrk gSA vDlj] vkidk

O;kogkfjd Kku vkSj lgh fu.kZ; & bl lafgrk vkSj daiuh dh uhfr;ksa rFkk izfØ;kvksa ds lkFk & vkids

ekxZn'kZu ds fy, i;kZIr gksxkA fQj Hkh] vf/kd tfVy fLFkfr;ksa esa] vkidks vfrfjDr ekxZn'kZu dh vko';drk

iM+ ldrh gSA vkidks osMjQ+ksMZ ds Hkhrj mfpr ek/;eksa ds tfj, ekxZn'kZu ysuk pkfg, vkSj fpark,a crkuh

pkfg,A blds fy,] ftl ns'k esa vki dke djrs gSa mlds rgr Listen Up (www.ListenUpWFT.com) esa crk,

x, rjhdksa dk bLrseky djsaA

Listen Up ,d Lora= r`rh;&i{k iznkrk }kjk lquh tkus okyh lsok gS tks 24&kaVs vkSj 180 Hkk"kkvksa esa miyC/k

gSA ;fn vkids uSfrd nkf;Roksa ds ckjs esa vkidk dksbZ iz'u gS rks mls Listen Up dk iz;ksx djds fuLladksp

crk,aaA Listen Up ;k rks vkidks fparkvksa dh lwpuk nsus ds fy, eap miyC/k djk,xh ;k vkids ns'k ds fy,

lwpuk nsus dh mi;qDr izfØ;k ls vkidk lh/kk laidZ LFkkfir djsxh] rkfd vki fparkvksa ;k gekjh lafgrk ds

nk;js esa vkus okys lafnX/k O;ogkj gekjh daiuh dh tkudkjh esa yk ldsaA lafgrk ds mYyakuksa dh lwpuk nsus ds

rjhds vyx vyx ns'k esa vyx&vyx gks ldrs gSa] blfy, ;fn vkidks gekjh lafgrk dk mYyaku djus okys

;k myaku dk vkHkkl nsus okyh fdlh okLrfod ;k vuqekfur xfrfof/k dh tkudkjh ;k lansg gks] rks vkidks

Listen Up ls laidZ djus ds fy, izksRlkfgr fd;k tkrk gSA

;fn vkidks ,slh tkudkjh dk irk pyrk gS ftlesa bl lafgrk] daiuh dh uhfr ;k fdlh Hkh ykxw gksus okys

dkuwu ;k fu;e dk mYyaku gks ldrk gks] rks vkidks bldh lwpuk nsus fy, izksRlkfgr fd;k tkrk gSA Ñi;k

/;ku j[ksa fd gekjh lafgrk vkSj daiuh dh uhfr dk vuqikyu u djus ds xaHkhj ifj.kke gks ldrs gS] ftlesa

ukSdjh ls fudkys tkus lfgr] vuq'kklukRed dkjZokbZ Hkh 'kkfey gSA lkFk gh] ,slk gksus ij nhokuh ;k vkijkf/kd

naM Hkh gks ldrk gSA

lafnX/k mYyakuksa dh lwpuk uke mtkxj fd, fcuk] tgka LFkkuh; dkuwu }kjk LohÑr gks] ;k viuh igpku crk

dj nh tk ldrh gSA fQj Hkh] Ñi;k /;ku j[ksa] dqN ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa xqeuke lwpukvksa dh iwjh rjg tkap djuk

gekjh daiuh ds fy, vf/kd eqf'dy gks ldrk gS ;k vlaHko Hkh gks ldrk gSA blfy, vkidks lwpuk nsrs le;

viuh igpku crkus ds fy, izksRlkfgr fd;k tkrk gSA iwjh tkap vkSj ykxw gksus okys dkuwuksa ds vuqlkj] osnjQ+ksMZ

lHkh lwpukvksa ds lkFk xksiuh;rk cjrsxkA

ykxw gksus okys dkuwu ds vuqlkj] lHkh lwpukvksa dh rqjar vkSj vPNh rjg tkap dh tk,xh] vkSj tgka vko';d

gks] lafgrk ds mYyakuksa dks lq/kkjk tk,xk;k vuq'kklukRed dkjZokbZ dh tk,xhA

laidZ fooj.k vkSj ns'k&fo'ks"k ds Listen Up uacj gekjh daiuh ds baVªkusV lkbV ds vuqikyu [kaM esa]

Weatherford.com ij ßdkWjiksjsV iz'kkluÞ [kaM ds rgr vkSj vkids ifjlj esa deZpkfj;ksa ds iksfLVax

,fj;k esa yxs iksLVjksa ij miyC/k gSsA

4


osnjQ+ksMZ dh vksj ls dke djrs gq,] vkidk lkeuk fdlh dfBu fLFkfr ls gks

ldrk gSA vDlj] vkidk O;kogkfjd Kku vkSj lgh fu.kZ; & bl lafgrk vkSj daiuh

dh uhfr;ksa rFkk izfØ;kvksa ds lkFk & vkids ekxZn'kZu ds fy, i;kZIr gksxkA fQj Hkh]

vf/kd tfVy fLFkfr;ksa esa] vkidks vfrfjDr ekxZn'kZu dh vko';drk iM+ ldrh gSA

vkidks osMjQ+ksMZ ds Hkhrj mfpr ek/;eksa ds tfj, ekxZn'kZu ysuk pkfg, vkSj fpark,a

crkuh pkfg,A

cnys dh dkjZokb;ksa ls j{kk

osnjQ+ksMZ vPNh uh;r ls nh xbZ lwpukvksa vkSj@;k bl lafgrk ds okLrfod ;k lafnX/k mYyaku dh tkap esa

Hkkxhnkjh djus ij deZpkfj;ksa ds f[kykQ cnys dh dkjZokbZ dks lgu ugha djsxkA ,sls deZpkfj;ksa ds f[kykQ

cnys dh dkjZokbZ djus okys fdlh Hkh O;fDr ds f[kykQ vuq'kklukRed dkjZokbZ dh tk ldrh gSA

izca/ku ds nkf;Ro

osnjQ+ksMZ ds izca/kdksa ls felky dk;e djus vkSj vkn'kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkus dh vis{kk dh tkrh gSA izca/kdksa ij

deZpkfj;ksa ls vf/kd nkf;Ro gksrs gSaA

izca/kdksa ls gekjh lafgrk dks vPNh rjg le>us dh vis{kk dh tkrh gS rkfd os mUgsa fjiksVZ djus okyksa dks lafgrk

fn'kkfunsZ'k] vkSj muds iz'uksa ds mÙkj izHkkoh


ge fodkl ds fy, izfrc) gSa---

vius dk;ZLFky esa

[kaM 02

6


gekjh daiuh dk fodkl ge esa ls izR;sd ls 'kq# gksrk gSA vkilh lEeku vkSj LokLF;

rFkk lqj{kk ds fy, izfrc)rk ij vk/kkfjr ldkjkRed dk;Z ifjos'k dks c


osnjQ+ksMZ gekjh vyx&vyx i`"BHkwfe;ksa] vuqHkoksa vkSj fopkjksa esa

izfrfcafcr gksus okyh fofo/krk dk lEeku djrk gS vkSj mls

ewY;oku le>rk gSA

HksnHkko vkSj mRihM+u

ge esa ls izR;sd dks ,d lexz dk;Z ifjos'k iznku djus

ds fy, izfrc) gksuk pkfg, tks gekjs lHkh lgdfeZ;ksa]

xzkgdksa vkSj O;kolkf;d lk>hnkjksa dks lEeku ns] vkSj

tks mu leqnk;ksa dh fofo/krk dks crkrk gks ftuesa

ge izpkyu djrs gSaA ge uLy] jax] /keZ] fyax] vk;q]

ekufld ;k 'kkjhfjd viaxrk] ofj"Brk dk ntkZ]

jk"Vªh; ewy] ySafxd #>ku ;k ykxw gksus okys dkuwu }

kjk jf{kr fdlh vU; fof'k"Vrk ds vk/kkj ij jkstxkj

vk/kkfjr fu.kZ; ugha ysrs gSa vkSj u gh fdlh ds izfr

HksnHkko djrs gSaA

osnjQ+ksMZ xSjdkuwuh mRihM+u] pkgs 'kkjhfjd gks ;k

ekSf[kd] dh eukgh djrk gSA lkekU; rkSj ij] ykxw

gksus okys dkuwu }kjk jf{kr fof'k"Vrk ls izsfjr vU;

O;fDr dks uqdlku igqapkus okys fdlh Hkh izdkj ds

O;ogkj dks] vkSj ftldk mís'; ;k izHkko Mjkus&

/kedkus okyk] 'k=qrkiw.kZ ;k viekutud dk;Z ifjos'k

fufeZr djuk gks] ßmRihM+uÞ dgrs gSa] tSls fd vokafNr

;kSu O;ogkj] /kefd;ka vkSj viekutud fVIif.k;kaA

;fn vki tkurs gSa ;k vkidks lansg gS fd xSjdkuwuh

HksnHkko ;k mRihM+u dh kVuk gqbZ gS] rks rqjar

lqijokbtj ;k vius LFkkuh; ekuo lalk/ku izfrfuf/k

ls laidZ djds] ;k ;k ftl ns'k esa vki dke djrs gSa

mlds rgr Listen Up esa crk, x, pj.kksa dk ikyu

djds] ml fLFkfr dh lwpuk nsaA lHkh lwpukvksa dh

tkap dh tk,xh vkSj vko';d gksus ij] ykxw gksus okys

dkuwu ds vuq:i] vuq'kklukRed dkjZokbZ dh tk,xhA

gekjh daiuh dks vPNh uh;r ls lwpuk nsus ij vkids

izfr cnys dh dkjZokbZ ugha dh tk,xhA

8


iz- tsfo;j vius lgdfeZ;ksa dks vDlj pqVdqys lqukrk jgrk gS] vkSj ,slk djrs gq, og /;ku j[krk gS

fd fdlh dks nq[k u gksA fQj Hkh] gky gh esa] tsfo;j dh fe= ekfj;k ,sls uLyoknh pqVdqys lqukrh

jgh gS tks dk;ZLFky ds fy, vuqfpr gSa vkSj ftuls tsfo;j dks nq[k igqaprk gSA tsfo;j tkurk gS

fd mlus vius lgdfeZ;ksa dks ,d lans'k Hkstk gS fd pqVdqys lqukuk xyr ugha gS] ysfdu ekfj;k

ds pqVdqys lhek ikj dj tkrs gSaA mls D;k djuk pkfg,\

m- tsfo;j dks ekfj;k dks crkuk pkfg, fd mlds pqVdqyksa ls mls nq[k gksrk gSA ;fn og ,slk djus esa vlgt

eglwl djrk gS] ;k ekfj;k ls ckr djus ds ckn Hkh ekfj;k ;s pqVdqys lqukuk can ugha djrh gS] rks mls

vius lqijokbtj ls ckr djuh pkfg,] vius LFkkuh; ekuo lalk/ku izfrfuf/k ls laidZ djuk pkfg,] ;k

ftl ns'k esa og dke djrk gSa mlds rgr Listen Up esa crk, x, pj.kksa dk ikyu djukpkfg,A gks ldrk

gS fd ekfj;k dk O;ogkj tsfo;j ds fy, 'k=qrkiw.kZ vkSj viekutud dk;ZLFky fufeZr dj jgk gks] vkSj

blfy, ;g mRihM+u gks ldrk gSA

9


ge fodkl ds fy, izfrc) gSa---

vius leqnk;ksa esa

[kaM 03

10


,d daiuh ds :i esa fodkl

djus ds fy,] gesa mu

leqnk;ksa ij ldkjkRed

vlj Mkyus ds fy, dke

djuk pkfg, ftudh otg

ls gekjk vfLrRo gSA gesa

u dsoy mu leqnk;ksa ds

lEeku vkSj lqj{kk ds fy,

dke djuk gksxk ftuesa ge

jgrs gSa vkSj dke djrs gSa]

cfYd vius xzg vkSj blds

fuokfl;ksa ds lEeku rFkk

lqj{kk ds fy, dke

djuk gksxkA

ekuokf/kdkj

osnjQ+ksMZ esa] ge tgka Hkh izpkyu djrs gSa ogka cqfu;knh ekuokf/kdkjksa dk lEeku djus vkSj mudh lqj{kk

djus ds fy, n`hnkjksa esa ls ,d ekuokf/kdkjksa dh j{kk ds fy, rS;kj fd, x, fdlh dkuwu ;k fu;e

dk ikyu ugha dj jgk gS] rks ,slh fLFkfr dh lwpuk vius LFkkuh; ekuo lalk/ku izfrfuf/k dks nsa ;k ftl

ns'k esa vki dke djrs gSa mlds rgr Listen Up esa crk, x, pj.kksa dk ikyu djsaA

i;kZoj.k dh fuxjkuh

osnjQ+ksMZ i;kZoj.k ds laj{k.k ds fy, n`


ge fodkl ds fy, izfrc) gSa---

vius 'ks;j/kkjdksa ds fy,

[kaM 04

osnjQ+ksMZ esa] ge izfrfnu mu 'ks;j/kkjdksa ds fy, ewY;

fufeZr djus dk iz;kl djrs gSa ftUgksaus gekjh daiuh vkSj

ge esa ls izR;sd ij fo'okl fd;k gSA bl y{; dks gkfly

djus vkSj vius 'ks;j/kkjdksa ds fy, fodkl ds volj l`ftr

djus ds fy,] gesa ikjnf'kZrk vkSj lR;fu"Bk ds lkFk O;olk;

lapkfyr djuk pkfg,A

12


lVhd fjdkWMZ

gekjs 'ks;j/kkjd vkSj vU; O;kolkf;d lk>hnkj gekjs O;kolkf;d fjdkWMksZa esa ntZ foLr`r fooj.k ij fuHkZj djrs

gSa] blfy, ;g lqfuf'pr djuk gekjk nkf;Ro gS fd ge tks tkudkjh iznku djsa og lVhd] le; ij] iwjh]

fu"i{k vkSj le> esa vkus okyh gksA O;; fjiksVsZa] lafonkRed nLrkost vkSj le; ds fjdkWMksZa lfgr] ;g gekjs }kjk

rS;kj fd, tkus okys lHkh O;kolkf;d fjdkWMksZa ij ykxw gksrk gSA

gekjs foÙkh; fjdkWMksZa dk j[kj[kko djrs gq,] gesa osnjQ+ksMZ dh vkarfjd fu;a=.k izfØ;kvksa dk ikyu djuk gksxkA

la{ksi esa] bldk vFkZ ;g gS fd gesa dHkh >wBh ;k Hkzked tkudkjh nsus okyh izfof"V;ka ugha ntZ djuh pkfg, ;k

,sls vdkmaV LFkkfir ugha djus pkfg, tks fjdkWMZ ;k cSysal'khV esa u gksaA ;fn vkidks gekjh daiuh ds ys[kk

laca/kh O;ogkjksa ds ckjs esa okLrfod ;k laHkkfor leL;k dh tkudkjh feyrh gS] rks Ñi;k rqjar vius lqijokbtj

dks] gekjs eq[; foÙkh; vf/kdkjh dks ;k gekjh vkWfMV desVh dks viuh fpark crk,a] ;k ftl ns'k esa vki dke

djrs gSa mlds rgr Listen Up esa crk, x, pj.kksa dk ikyu djsaA

fjdkWMZ izca/ku

nLrkostksa dk j[kj[kko vkSj mudk fuLrkj.k gekjh

daiuh dh fjdkWMZ izfr/kkj.k uhfr;ksa ds vuq:i gksuk

pkfg,A ;s uhfr;ka vkSj gekjs LFkku&fof'k"V fjdkWMZ

ds izfr/kkj.k ds dk;ZØe bl ckjs esa ekxZn'kZu djrs

gSa fd vkidks fdlh nLrkost dk izfr/kkj.k dc rd

djuk pkfg, vkSj mi;qDr le; ij bls dSls u"V

djuk pkfg,A ;fn vkidk dksbZ iz'u gks] rks Ñi;k

vius lqijokbtj ;k gekjs dkWjiksjsV fjdkWMZ izca/kd ls

ijke'kZ djsaA

vkWfMV vkSj tkap

gesa osnjQ+ksMZ ;k fdlh ljdkjh vf/kdkjh }kjk

lapkfyr fdlh Hkh tkap ¼vkarfjd gks ;k ckgjh½ esa

ekaxh xbZ lkjh tkudkjh iznku djuh pkfg,A ;fn

vkidks lwfpr fd;k tkrk gS fd vkids ikl ekStwn

nLrkost dkuwuh vf/kdkj esa jgus pkfg, ;k ,d

vkarfjd tkap ds vax ds rkSj ij mudh t:jr gS]

rks vkidks ;s fjdkWMZ fdlh Hkh rjg u"V ugha djus

pkfg,] fNikus ugha pkfg, ;k muesa dksbZ Qsjcny ugha

djuk pkfg,A

fdlh Hkh tkap esa Hkkxhnkjh djrs le;] pkgs og

osnjQ+ksMZ }kjk lapkfyr dh tk jgh gks ;k vU; fdlh

izkf/kdj.k }kjk] vkidks >wBs ;k xqejkg djus okys

c;ku ugha nsus pkfg,] ;k vU; fdlh dks ,slk djus

ds fy, izksRlkfgr ugha djuk pkfg,A ;fn dksbZ ckgjh

tkapdrkZ vkils vizR;kf'kr :i ls laidZ djrk gS]

rks rqjar gekjs dkuwuh foHkkx] tujy dkSafly ;k eq[;

vuqikyu vf/kdkjh dks lwfpr djsaA

iz- ,d lsYl izca/kd] fjpMZ] daiuh ds

O;olk; ds fy, ;k=k dj jgs gSa vkSj

vius [kpZ ds fy, osnjQ+ksMZ dk ØsfMV

dkMZ bLrseky dj jgs gSaA og xyrh ls

daiuh ds ØsfMV dkMZ ij dqN O;fDrxr

iqLrdsa [kjhn ysrs gSaA ckn esa ml jkr

O;kolkf;d jkf=Hkkst ij] og /;ku nsrs

gSa fd jkf=Hkkst dk [kpZ igys [kjhnh

xbZ iqLrdksa ds [kpZ ds cjkcj gh gSA

le; cpkus vkSj [kjhnnkjh dh dkxth

dk;Zokgh dks nq#Lr djus ds >a>V ls

cpus ds fy,] fjpMZ jkf=Hkkst dk

Hkqxrku vius iSls ls dj nsrs gSaA

D;k ;g lgh gS\

m- ughaA fjpMZ dks ,d xyrh Bhd djus dh

dksf'k'k esa nwljh xyrh ugha djuh pkfg,A

gekjs foÙkh; fjdkWMksZa dh lVhdrk dks lqfuf'pr

djus ds fy,] lHkh O;; fjiksVksZa esa okLrfod

[kjhnnkjh fn[kk;h tkuh pkfg, vkSj muesa dsoy

O;kolkf;d [kpZ 'kkfey gksus pkfg,A ;g nkok

djuk fd daiuh ds ØsfMV dkMZ dh jlhn esa

muds jkf=Hkkst dk [kpZ 'kkfey gS( fjdkWMksZa dks

>wBk cukuk gSA

13


gekjh daiuh dh ifjlaifÙk;ka

HkkSfrd ifjlaifÙk;ka

gesa gj le;] daiuh ds ifjljksa] blds QaM] midj.kksa] oLrqlwph vkSj vkiwfrZ;ksa lfgr daiuh dh HkkSfrd

ifjlaifÙk;ksa dh pksjh] {kfr] uqdlku ;k nq#i;ksx ls j{kk djuh pkfg,A ge bl laifÙk dks daiuh ds ifjljksa

ls ugha gVk ldrs vkSj u gh vuqfpr O;fDrxr mís';ksa ds fy, bLrseky dj ldrs gSaA

xksiuh; tkudkjh

HkkSfrd ifjlaifÙk;ksa ds vfrfjDr] gesa viuh daiuh dh xksiuh; vkSj LokfeRo okyh tkudkjh dh Hkh j{kk djuh

pkfg,A ßxksiuh; tkudkjhÞ dbZ izdkj dh gks ldrh gS vkSj blesa xksiuh;] LokfeRo okyh ;k O;olk; laca/kh

xksiuh; tkudkjh ds :i esa fpfUgr ;k bl :i esa bLrseky dh tkus okyh tkudkjh 'kkfey gSA ;g tkudkjh

vkerkSj ij lkoZtfud ugha gksrh vkSj blesa lafonkRed nLrkost] O;kolkf;d izfØ;k,a vkSj dkWjiksjsV dk;Zuhfr;ka

rFkk ;kstukvksa tSls O;kolkf;d tkudkjh 'kkfey gSA ge xksiuh; tkudkjh dsoy vf/kÑr deZpkfj;ksa ;k mu

ckgjh i{kksa dks mtkxj dj ldrs gSa ftUgsa O;kolkf;d mís'; ds fy, bl tkudkjh dh vko';drk gksA

gekjh daiuh dh xksiuh; tkudkjh esa isVsaV }kjk lajf{kr ckSf)d laink ¼vkbZ-ih-½] VsªMekdZ] lsok fpà] vkSj

dkWihjkbV Hkh 'kkfey gSaA fdlh Hkh vkbZ-ih- vkSj osnjQ+ksMZ ds fy, gekjs dke ds nkSjku gekjs }kjk lksps ;k

fodflr fd, x, fopkj] izfØ;k] VsªMekdZ] vkfo"dkj ;k lq/kkj ij iwjh rjg osnjQ+ksMZ dk LokfeRo gksxkA dkuwu

}kjk LohÑr lhek rd] ge viuh daiuh ds fgr esa ,sls fdlh Hkh vkbZ-ih- vkSj vkfo"dkjksa ds lHkh vf/kdkj]

'kh"kZd vkSj fgr tkjh dj ldrs gSa vkSj muesa NwV ns ldrs gSaA gesa vius vkfo"dkjksa ds fy, vkbZ-ih- vf/kdkj

izkIr djus esa osnjQ+ksMZ dh lgk;rk Hkh djuh pkfg,A

iz- mlqZyk vius lgdehZ ds lkFk yap ds fy, ckgj tkrh gSa] vkSj os nksuksa ml izkstsDV dh ppkZ

djrs gSa ftl ij os dke dj jgs gSaA os ,slk djrs gq, [kkl fooj.kksa dks Hkh ckrphr esa ys vkrs

gSa vkSj O;olk; ls lacaf/kr vusd xksiuh; ckrksa vkSj O;kolkf;d dk;Zuhfr;ksa dh [kqysvke ppkZ

djrs gSaA jsLVksjsaV ls ckgj vkrs le;] mUgsa izfr}a}h daiuh ds deZpkjh vius ihNs ds cwFk esa cSBs

fn[ksA vc mlqZyk dks D;k djuk pkfg,\

14

m- mlqZyk dks laHkkfor izdVhdj.k dh lwpuk vius LFkkuh; lqijokbtj dks nsuh pkfg,A bl rjg] muds

lqijokbtj gekjs dkuwuh foHkkx ds lkFk feydj dke djrs gq, ;g lqfuf'pr dj ldrs gSa fd {kfr dks Vkyus

;k de djus ds mik; dj fy, x, gSaA /;ku j[ksa] gesa viuh daiuh dh xksiuh; tkudkjh dh j{kk djuh pkfg,

vkSj jsLVksjsaV tSls lkoZtfud LFkkuksa ij ,slh tkudkjh ij ppkZ djrs le; lko/kkuh cjruh pkfg,A


gesa daiuh dh izkS|ksfxdh dk bLrseky mfpr rjhds ls djuk pkfg,] vkSj daI;wVj]

MsVk vkSj VsyhdE;qfuds'ku lalk/kuksa ds lqjf{kr] uSfrd] dkuwulEer] dq'ky vkSj mRiknd

rjhds ls bLrseky djuk gekjk nkf;Ro gSA

r`rh;&i{k dh tkudkjh

ge vius dke ds tfj, r`rh;&i{k ls feyus okyh

xksiuh; vkSj LokfeRo laca/kh tkudkjh dh j{kk ds

fy, Hkh ftEesnkj gSaA gesa lko/kkuh cjruh pkfg, fd

vukf/kÑr O;fDr;ksa dks ;g tkudkjh u nh tk,A ;g

ck/;rk osnjQ+ksMZ esa gekjk jkstxkj lekIr gksus ds ckn

Hkh tkjh jgrh gSA blds vfrfjDr] gesa lHkh lkWVos;j

ykblsalksa] dkWihjkbV vkSj vU; yksxksa ds vkbZ-ih- dks

fu;af=r djus okys vU; dkuwuksa dk ikyu djuk

pkfg,A

O;fDrxr tkudkjh

osnjQ+ksMZ esa] ykxw gksus okyh dkuwuh vko';drkvksa

ds vuqlkj deZpkfj;ksa ls lacaf/kr MsVk dh j{kk djuk

gekjk drZO; gSA fdlh dks Hkh mfpr vf/kdkj ds fcuk

laHkkfor] ekStwnk ;k iwoZ deZpkfj;ksa ds fjdkWMZ&tSls

isjksy] lewg chek] fgrykHk vkSj dkedktw Qkbysa&ugha

ns[kus pkfg,A

izkS|ksfxdh dk mfpr rjhds ls

bLrseky djuk

gesa daiuh dh izkS|ksfxdh dk bLrseky mfpr rjhds ls

djuk pkfg,] vkSj daI;wVj] MsVk vkSj VsyhdE;qfuds'ku

lalk/kuksa ds lqjf{kr] uSfrd] dkuwulEer] dq'ky vkSj

mRiknd rjhds ls bLrseky djuk gekjk nkf;Ro gSA

daiuh esa izkS|ksfxdh ds iz;ksx ls gekjs dk;Z laca/kh

drZO;ksa esa ck/kk ugha vkuh pkfg,A mfpr vf/kdkj ds

fcuk daI;wVj] MsVk ;k VsyhdE;qfuds'ku lalk/kuksa dk

vuqfpr ;k xSjdkuwuh bLrseky] iqu%vkoaVu ;k

gLrkarj.k djus ij vkids f[kykQ vuq'kklukRed

vkSj dkuwuh dkjZokbZ dh tk ldrh gSA

fdlh Hkh ifjfLFkfr esa osnjQ+ksMZ ds daI;wVj vkSj usVodZ

flLVe dk bLrseky vuqfpr] v'yhy ;k viekutud

oDrO; ;k lkexzh laizsf"kr djus ;k ns[kus ds fy, ugha

djuk pkfg,A blds vfrfjDr] vki bu flLVe dk

bLrseky xSjdkuwuh lkexzh ns[kus] vukf/kÑr flQkfj'ksa

Hkstus ;k vU; laaLFkku ds fy, O;olk; lapkfyr djus

ds fy, ugha dj ldrsA

vkidks ;g ugha ekuuk pkfg, fd vki daiuh ds

daI;wVj] MsVk ;k VsyhdE;qfuds'ku lalk/kuksa ds tfj,

fufeZr] Hksts x, ;k izkIr fd, laokn ;k nLrkost

O;fDrxr gksrs gSaA daiuh dh uhfr;ksa vkSj gekjh lafgrk

ds vuqikyu dks lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, osnjQ+ksMZ dks]

ykxw gksus okys dkuwu }kjk vuqes; lhek rd] daiuh

ds dE;qfuds'ku flLVe ds bLrseky ij fuxjkuh j[kus

dk vf/kdkj gSA

gekjh daiuh dh izfr"Bk

osnjQ+ksMZ dh izfr"Bk csgn egRoiw.kZ gS] vkSj gesa

;kn j[kuk pkfg, fd izfr"Bk dks fdruh vklkuh

ls uqdlku igqapk;k tk ldrk gSA osnjQ+ksMZ dk

izfrfuf/kRo djrs le; etcwr O;kolkf;d fu.kZ;

djds gesa bl izfr"Bk dh j{kk djuh pkfg,A ekSf[kd

vkSj fyf[kr nksuksa gh rjg ds lapkj djrs gq, ;g bl

ckr dks /;ku esa j[ksaA ;kn j[ksa bZ&esy lans'k LFkk;h]

vkids lapkj ds gLrkarj.kh; fjdkWMZ gksrs gSaA mUgsa

mruh gh lko/kkuh ls fy[ks ftruh vki daiuh ds

ysVjgsM ij i= fy[krs le; cjrrsA

viuh daiuh dh izfr"Bk cuk, j[kus ds fy, ;g Hkh

vko';d gS fd ge vius O;kolk; ds ckjs esa turk

dks iwjh vkSj lVhd tkudkjh iznku djsaA gekjh daiuh

ds dqN yksxksa ds ikl gh og tkudkjh gksrh gS ftldh

vko';drk 'ks;j/kkjdksa] fo'ys"kdksa vkSj ehfM;k dks gks]

blfy, dsoy ,slh tkudkjh ds fuosnuksa dk izR;qÙkj

dsoy fufnZ"V O;fDr gh ns ldrs gSA ehfM;k dh

gj iwNrkN gekjs dkWjiksjsV lapkj izca/kd dks

vxzlkfjr djsaA

15


fgrksa ds Vdjko

fgrksa dk Vdjko ml fLFkfr esa mRiUu gksrk gS tc

gekjs O;fDrxr fgr] gekjs dke dks izHkkoh


fgrksa dk Vdjko ml fLFkfr esa mRiUu gksrk gS tc gekjs O;fDrxr fgr] gekjs dke dks

izHkkoh


migkj vkSj euksjatu izkIr djuk

fdlh O;kolkf;d lg;ksxh ls migkj ;k euksjatu

Lohdkj djrs le; gesa lrdZ jguk pkfg,A ge

migkj dsoy rHkh Lohdkj dj ldrs gSa tc

mudk ewY; lhfer gks ¼up to U.S. $150 ;k

blds lerqY; LFkkuh; ewY; rd½

tgka os vkHkkj dk Hkko ;k ,slk vkHkkl u

iSnk djrs gksa;

udn ;k udn lerqY; ugha gS

ckgjh ukSdjh

D;ksafd ckgjh ukSdjh djuk gekjs fufnZ"V nkf;Roksa] dk;Z

laca/kh dk;ZØeksa vkSj dke dh ojh;rkvksa esa ck/kd gks

ldrk gS] blfy, gesa osnjQ+ksMZ ds ckgj ukSdjh djus

ls grksRlkfgr fd;k tkrk gSA ;fn ge Lo&jkstxkj

djrs gSa] vU; izdkj dh ckgjh ukSdjh djrs gSa ;k

dksbZ vU; ckgjh xfrfof/k;ka djrs gSa tks gekjs dke esa

dk;Z fu"iknu dks izHkkfor dj ldrh gSa] rks gesa vius

lqijokbtj vkSj foHkkx ds v/;{k ds lkeus rRdky

bu lHkh xfrfof/k;ksa ds ckjs esa iwjh rjg [kqyklk

dj nsuk pkfg,A cs'kd] ge bu xfrfof/k;ksa ds fy,

osnjQ+ksMZ dh lqfo/kkvksa] midj.kksa ;k vU; laifÙk dk

dHkh bLrseky ugha djuk pkfg,A

dkWjiksjsV volj

ukSdjh ds nkSjku] vki ,sls O;kolkf;d voljksa ds ckjs

esa tku ldrs gSa ftUgsa djuk vkidh O;fDrxr pkgr

gksA bu voljksa ij lcls igys vkSj loksZifj rkSj ij

osnjQ+ksMZ dk vf/kdkj gSA vki ,sls fdlh volj dk

ykHk dsoy rHkh mBk ldrs gSa tc daiuh dks ,sls

volj dh lwpuk ns nh xbZ gks] daiuh dks mldk

ewY;kadu djus dk volj fey pqdk gks vkSj daiuh

us ml ij dkjZokbZ u djus dk fu.kZ; fd;k gksA

vki vius fy, ¼;k fdlh nwljs dks funsZf'kr djds½

fdlh volj dk bLrseky ugha djsaxs tks vkius viuh

fu;qfDr ds dkj.k ;k osnjQ+ksMZ dh laifÙk ;k lwpuk

dk bLrseky djrs gq, okbl izsflMsaV ;k muls Åij

ds izca/ku ds fdlh izfrfuf/k dh iwoZ LohÑfr gkfly

fd, fcuk izkIr fd;k gSA bl LohÑfr ds fcuk] vki

izR;{k ;k ijks{k fdlh Hkh :i esa O;kolkf;d voljksa

ds fy, osnjQ+ksMZ ds lkFk izfrLi)kZ ugha dj ldsaxsA

ckgjh cksMZ vkWQ Mk;jsDVlZ

vkidks fdlh vU; daiuh esa vf/kdkjh] funs'kd]

ijke'kZnkrk ;k izca/ku ds lnL; ds rkSj ij lsok nsus

ds fy, vkeaf=r fd;k tk ldrk gSA ;fn ;g daiuh

,d lkoZtfud daiuh gS] ;k og gekjh daiuh ds lkFk

O;olk; ;k izfrLi)kZ djrh gS] rks ,slk in Lohdkj

djus ds fy, gekjs lhbZvks ls iwoZ LohÑfr ysuk

vko';d gSA

tgka fdlh xSj&ykHkdkjh] lkekftd ;k ukxfjd

laxBu ds cksMZ vkWQ Mk;jsDVlZ esa lsok djds vius

leqnk; ij ldkjkRed izHkko Mkyus dks ge izksRlkfgr

djrs gSa vkSj blds fy, iwoZ LohÑfr ysus dh

vko';drk ugha gS] vki ,slk in dsoy rHkh Lohdkj

dj ldrs gSa ;fn ;g viuk dke djus dh vkidh

{kerk dks izHkkfor ugha djrkA

iz- fiNys lky] jkmy dh ns[kjs[k ds rgr

vkus okys ,d vkiwfrZdrkZ us NqfV~V;ksa ds

fy, mlds dk;kZy; esa cfk

fd;kA bl lky ogh vkiwfrZdrkZ jkmy

ds uke dh uDdk'kh okyh ,d egaxh

kM+h Hkstrk gSA D;k jkmy dks og kM+h

j[k ysuh pkfg,\

m- ughaA fiNys lky ds pkWdysV ,d

;Fkksfpr migkj dh lhek ds rgr

vkrs Fks] fo'ks"kdj D;ksafd mUgsa lk>k

fd;k tk ldrk FkkA ysfdu] ;g

O;fDrxr migkj] migkjksa ds fy,

gekjh daiuh dh vkfFkZd lhek ls

ckgj gS vkSj bls lk>k ugha fd;k

tk ldrkA jkmy dks fouezrk ds

lkFk ;g migkj vLohdkj dj

nsuk pkfg,A

18


vkarfjd O;kikj ;k lwpuk nsuk u flQZ

daiuh dh uhfr dk mYyaku djrk

gS] cfYd dbZ ns'kksa ds dkuwuksa dk Hkh

mYyaku djrk gSA

vkarfjd O;kikj

vusd ns'kksa us vkarfjd O;kikj laca/kh dkuwu ykxw fd, gS rkfd ;g lqfuf'pr fd;k tk lds fd LVkWd ekdsZV

esa lcds fy, leku volj ekStwn jgsaA bu dkuwuksa vkSj daiuh dh uhfr dk vuqikyu djrs gq,] ge van:uh

tkudkjh ds vk/kkj ij daiuh dk LVkWd] vius LVkWd lfgr] csp ;k [kjhn ugha ldrsA

ßvan:uh tkudkjhÞ xSjlkoZtfud tkudkjh gksrh gS] tks ;fn lkoZtfud gks tk,] rks fdlh ;Fkksfpr fuos'kd

ds fy, ;g fu.kZ; djus esa og egRoiw.kZ gks ldrh gS fd og ml daiuh dk LVkWd [kjhns] jksds j[ks ;k csp ns

;k ftlls daiuh ds LVkWd dh dher ij ;qfDrlaxr izHkko iM+us dh vis{kk dh tk ldrh gSA dHkh&dHkh] gekjh

daiuh ;k dksbZ daiuh ftlds lkFk ge O;olk; djrs gSa] ls lacaf/kr ,slh tkudkjh rd gekjh igqap gks ldrh

gSA lkekU;r% ;fn ;g tkudkjh vkidks LVkWd [kjhnus ;k cspus ds fy, izsfjr djrh gS] rks ;g laHkor% van:uh

tkudkjh gS] vkSj blds vk/kkj ij vkidks O;kikj ugha djuk pkfg, tcrd fd og lkoZtfud u eku yh tk,A

ßlwpuk nsukÞ ¼fVfiax½ Hkh vkarfjd O;kikj dkuwuksa vkSj gekjh lafgrk dk mYyaku gSA lwpuk nsus dh kVuk rc gksrh

gS tc vki fdlh O;fDr dks van:uh tkudkjh nsrs gSa vkSj og O;fDr vkils feyh ml tkudkjh ds vk/kkj ij

,d izR;kHkwfr dk O;kikj djrk gSA ifjokj ds lnL;ksa ;k fe=ksa lfgr osnjQ+ksMZ ds ckgj fdlh Hkh O;fDr ds le{k

vkidks van:uh tkudkjh dk [kqyklk ugha djuk pkfg,A lkFk dke djus okys lgdfeZ;ksa ds lkFk bl tkudkjh

ij ppkZ djus ls Hkh vkidks cpuk pkfg, tcrd fd mUgsa crkus dh dksbZ O;kolkf;d t:jr u gksA

vkarfjd O;kikj ;k lwpuk nsuk u flQZ daiuh dh uhfr dk mYyaku djrk gS] cfYd dbZ ns'kksa ds dkuwuksa dk Hkh

mYyaku djrk gSA bu dkuwuksa dk mYyaku djus ls 'kkfey O;fDr;ksa ij nhokuh vkSj QkStnkjh nksuksa izdkj ds

tqekZus yx ldrs gSaA bl uhfr dk vuqikyu u djus okys van:uh O;fDr ij vuq'kklukRed dkjZokbZ dh tk

ldrh gS] ftlesa ukSdjh ls fudkyuk rd 'kkfey gSA ,sls ifj.kkeksa ls cpus ds fy,] fdlh Hkh ,slh daiuh dh

izR;kHkwfr;ksa esa O;kikj u djsa ftlds ckjs esa van:uh tkudkjh vkids ikl gksA ;fn vkidks lansg gS fd fdlh

tkudkjh dks ßvan:uh tkudkjhÞ ekuk tk, ;k ugha] rks Ñi;k gekjs dkuwuh foHkkx ls ijke'kZ djsaA

iz- lSQuh ys[kk foHkkx esa dke djrh gSa vkSj mUgsa gky gh esa ,d ,sls vf/kxzg.k ls lacaf/kr

nLrkost feys gSa ftlls osnjQ+ksMZ ds LVkWd dk ewY; dkQh c


ge fodkl ds fy, izfrc) gSa---

vius xzkgdksa vkSj O;kolkf;d

[kaM 05

lk>snkjksa ds fy,

20


vius xzkgdksa vkSj O;kolkf;d lk>hnkjksa ds fy, vuqfØ;k'khy gksus dk eryc muds

fodkl esa fuos'k djuk vkSj muds lkFk ikjLifjd ykHkdkjh laca/k fufeZr djuk gSA

bl izdkj ds laca/kksa dks fufeZr djus ds fy, vko';d gS fd ge lqjf{kr] xq.koÙkk;qDr

mRikn iznku djsa vkSj O;kolkf;d vkSj ljdkjh xzkgdksa nksuksa ds lkFk vius lHkh O;ogkjksa

esa dkuwuksa dk ikyu cuk, j[ksaA

xq.koÙkk fu;a=.k ds ekud

gekjs m|ksx txr esa Js"B izn'kZu okyh lsok daiuh ds rkSj ij igpkus tkus ds fy,] gesa vius xzkgdksa vkSj O;kolkf;d

lk>hnkjksa dks vlk/kkj.k vkSj vrqyuh; ewY; nsus pkfg,A ,slk djus ds fy,] gesa lnSo xq.koÙkk;qDr mRiknksa vkSj lsokvksa

dks miyC/k djkrs gq, laiw.kZ xzkgd larqf"V gkfly djuh pkfg,A

=qfVghu mRiknu ds izfr viuh daiuh dh izfrc)rk dks iwjk djus ds fy,] gesa xq.koÙkk fu;a=.k ds mu lHkh ekudksa dk

vuqikyu djuk pkfg, tks gekjs dke ds drZO;ksa dks fu;af=r djrs gSaA blesa lkekuksa ds lqjf{kr] xq.koÙkkiw.kZ fuekZ.k dks

izksRlkfgr djus ds fy, fufeZr vkarfjd fu;a=.k izfØ;kvksa lesr] ykxw gksus okys dkuwu vkSj fofu;e 'kkfey gksrs gSaA ge

vuqca/k dh lHkh fufnZ"Vrkvksa dk ikyu Hkh djrs gSa vkSj lnSo xzkgd dh vUrfuZfgr fufnZ"Vrkvksa dk lEeku djrs gSaA

xq.koÙkk;qDr mRiknksa vkSj lsokvksa ds fy, Lo;a dks mÙkjnk;h cuk, j[kus ds fy,] gesa vius vkiwfrdrkZvksa }kjk miyC/k

djk, tkus okys mRiknksa vkSj lsokvksa dh xq.koÙkk lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, mUgsa Hkh mÙkjnk;h cuk, j[kuk pkfg,A

ljdkjh xzkgd

;fn vkids dke esa ljdkjh LokfeRo ;k fu;a=.k okyh daifu;ksa lesr] ljdkjh fudk; ds lkFk vuqca/k djuk

'kkfey gS] rks vkidk drZO; gS fd daiuh dh mu ykxw gksus okyh uhfr;ksa vkSj LFkkfir dkuwuksa] fu;eksa vkSj

fofu;eksa dks tkusa vkSj mudk ikyu djsa tks fd ljdkjh xzkgdksa ds lkFk gekjs O;ogkj dks fu;af=r djrs gSaA

;g /;ku nsuk egRoiw.kZ gS fd ;s fu;e mYys[kuh; :i ls mu fu;eksa dh rqyuk esa T;knk dBksj gSa tks fd

O;kolkf;d xzkgdksa ds lkFk gekjs ysunsu dks fu;af=r djrs gSaA

gesa lnSo bZekunkjh vkSj lR;fu"Bk ds lkFk O;ogkj djuk pkfg,A ljdkjh dke dks izkIr djus ds iz;kl esa]

vkaf'kd :i ls bldk ;g eryc gS fd %

ge ,slh dkjZokb;ka ugha dj ldrs gSa tks fd osnjQ+ksMZ dks dksbZ vuqfpr izfrLi)hZ ykHk iznku djsa tSls

fd laosnu'khy vf/kizkfIr tkudkjh izkIr djuk ;k iz;ksx djukA

dher fu/kkZj.k vkSj cksfy;ksa lesr] gekjs }kjk fd, tkus okys lHkh izfrfuf/kRoksa dks lVhd vkSj laiw.kZ

gksuk pkfg,

gesa dHkh Hkh fdlh okLrfod ;k laHkkfor ljdkjh xzkgd dks ;k mlls fdlh izdkj dh fj'or ;k deh'ku

dk izLrko] ekax] oknk ;k Lohdkj ugha djuk pkfg,A

vf/kd tkudkjh ds fy, ^^Hkz"Vkpkj&fu"ks/k dkuwuksa** 'kh"kZd esa bl lafgrk dk [kaM ns[ksaA

bZekunkjh vkSj lR;fu"Bk gekjh ekxZnf'kZdk ml le; Hkh gksuh pkfg, tc ge ljdkjh vuqca/kksa ij dke dj jgs

gksaA ifjlj dh fjiksVZ vkSj ykxr ,oa dher laca/kh MsVk lesr] lHkh oDrO; vkSj vfHkys[k] tks ge ljdkjh xzkgdksa

dks izLrqr djrs gSa] orZeku le; ds] lVhd vkSj laiw.kZ gksus pkfg,A blds vfrfjDr] gesa vuqca/k dh lHkh 'krks±

dk ikyu djuk pkfg, vkSj mu rjhdksa ls dHkh Hkh ljdkjh laifÙk] midj.kksa ;k vkiwfrZ;ksa dk iz;ksx ugha djuk

pkfg, tks fd vuqca/kh; le>kSrs ls fHkUu gSaA var esa] gesa fdlh Hkh ,slh oxhZÑr tkudkjh dks lqjf{kr j[kuk

pkfg, tks gesa ml dke ds laca/k esa izkIr gqbZ gS tks ge ljdkjh xzkgdksa ds fy, djrs gSaA ge bl tkudkjh dks

dsoy mUgha dks miyC/k djk ldrs gSa ftuds ikl bls tkuus ds fy, vko';d dke gS vkSj tks mi;qDr ljdkjh

LohÑfr j[krs gSaA

21


ge fodkl ds fy, izfrc) gSa---

vius cktkjksa esa

[kaM 06

bZekunkjh ds lkFk izfrLi)kZ

cktkjksa esa gekjh dkjZokb;ka ;g crkrh gSa fd ge daiuh ds rkSj ij D;k gSaA dBksjrk ds lkFk vius mRiknksa vkSj

lsokvksa dh xq.koÙkk ds vk/kkj ij vkSj dHkh vuSfrd wBs oDrO;

ugha nsrs gSaA blds ctk,] ge osnjQ+ksMZ }kjk fn, tkus okys ykHkksa ij tksj nsrs gSa vkSj gekjh izLrqfr;ksa vkSj gekjs

izfrLif)Z;ksa dh izLrqfr;ksa ds chp dsoy lVhd vkSj leqfpr rqyuk djrs gSaaA

vius dkeksa dks djrs gq,] gekjs ikl izfrLi)hZ dh tkudkjh vk ldrh gS tks fd izfrLi)kZ esa gekjh daiuh ds

fy, ykHknk;d gksxhA gesa u;s fu;qDr yksxksa ls feyh tkudkjh lesr tksfd igys gekjs izfrLif)Z;ksa ds fy, dke

djrs Fks] [kklrkSj ij bl tkudkjh dks dkuwuh vkSj uSfrd


osnjQ+ksMZ ds 100 ls T;knk ns'kksa esa O;olk; lapkfyr djus ds dkj.k] gekjs O;kolkf;d

ysunsu Qyrs&Qwyrs oSf'od cktkj dk vax gSaA gkykafd ;g varjkZ"Vªh; mifLFkfr gekjs

fodkl dk ,d pedrk gqvk izrhd gS] ogha gesa ;g Hkh ;kn j[kuk pkfg, fd ,d

varjkZ"Vªh; cktkj esa dke djus ds fy, gekjs ikap cqfu;knh O;ogkjksa vkSj dkuwu ds izfr

geesa ls izR;sd dh n`


Hkz"Vkpkj&fu"ks/k dkuwu

lR;fu"Bk ds izfr gekjh izfrc)rk ds va'k ds rkSj ij] gekjh daiuh us fj'or dks fcYdqy lgu u djus dh uhfr

viukbZ gSA tSls fd] ge osnjQ+ksMZ dh vksj ls O;olk; lapkfyr djrs gq, fdlh Hkh izdkj dk vuqfpr Hkqxrku

ugha dj ldrs] Lohdkj ugha dj ldrs ;k mldk izLrko ugha ns ldrs gSaA ;w-,l- fons'kh Hkz"V vkpj.k vf/kfu;e

¼FCPA½ lesr] ge lHkh varjkZ"Vªh; dkuwuksa] laf/k;ksa vkSj fofu;eksa ls ca/ks gq, gSa tks fd ljdkjh vf/kdkfj;ksa dks

fj'or nsus dh eukgh djrs gSaA

vius O;kolkf;d leqnk;ksa ds ftEesnkj lnL; cuus ds fy,] tgka dgha Hkh ge O;olk; djrs gSa ogka gesa bu

dkuwuksa dk ikyu djuk pkfg,] pkgs LFkkuh; dkuwu ;k fjokt dqN Hkh gksaA bldk eryc gS fd ge O;olk;

gkfly djus ;k cuk, j[kus ds fy, ;k vuqfpr ykHk ikus ds mís'; ds fy, fdlh ljdkjh vf/kdkjh dks fdlh

Hkh izdkj dh fj'or ;k deh'ku nsus dk izLrko] izLrko djus dk iz;kl] vf/kÑr ;k oknk ugha dj ldrs gSaA

okLro esa] ge dHkh Hkh fj'or ;k deh'ku ekax ;k Lohdkj ugha ldrs gSaA ;fn vkidk bl ckjs esa dksbZ iz'u gS

fd D;k og O;fDr ljdkjh vf/kdkjh gks ldrk gS ftlls vki O;ogkj dj jgs gSa] rks dksbZ dkjZokbZ djus ls igys

gekjs uSfrdrk ,oa vuqikyu lewg ls laidZ djsaA

blds vfrfjDr] ge okf.kfT;d fj'or iz;ksx ugha dj ldrs gSa] tks fd ml le; gksrh gS tc dksbZ daiuh nwljh

daiuh dks O;olk; izkIr djus ;k cuk, j[kus ds fy, fj'or ;k deh'ku nsrh gSA bldk eryc gS fd fdlh

vkiwfrdrkZ] xzkgd ;k O;kolkf;d lk>hnkj] ;k budh vksj ls dke djus okys fdlh O;fDr dks ge dksbZ Hkh ,slh

pht nsus dk izLrko ugha dj ldrs gSa tks fd ukeek= ;k Vksdu ewY; ls vf/kd gksA

bl ij /;ku nsuk Hkh egRoiw.kZ gS fd ge fdlh Hkh rhljs i{k dks dksbZ ,slk dke djus ds fy, fu;qDr ugha

dj ldrs gSa tks fd ge Lo;a uSfrdiw.kZ


iz- fons'k esa dke djrs gq,] fte us dbZ LFkkuh; ljdkjh vf/kdkfj;ksa ls fj'rs cuk fy,A

vf/kdkfj;ksa esa ls dksbZ ,d vius cM+s csVs dks fudV ds cksfM±x fo|ky; esa Hkstuk pkgrk gSA

fte ds fo|ky; iz'kklu ds lkFk fj'rs gSaA og ifj;kstuk ij rqjar LohÑfr pkgrk gS vkSj

tkurk gS fd ;g vf/kdkjh enn dj ldrk gSA D;k fte ifj;kstuk ij LohÑfr ds cnys

ljdkjh vf/kdkjh ds csVs dks fo|ky; esa izos'k fnyokus dk izLrko ns ldrk gS\

m- ughaA fte mlds O;kolkf;d fu.kZ;ksa dks izHkkfor djus ds iz;kl ds fy, bl ljdkjh vf/kdkjh dks]

O;fDrxr :i ls i{k ysus lesr] dksbZ Hkh ewY;oku oLrq nsus dk izLrko] oknk ;k ns ugha ldrk gSA

blds ctk; fte dks ifj;kstuk ij LohÑfr ysus dk vkosnu djus ds fy, mi;qDr izfØ;k dk ikyu

djuk pkfg, vkSj bu vf/kdkfj;ksa ds lkFk vius O;ogkjkas esa fdlh Hkh izdkj dh fj'or fn[kkbZ u nsus

ds ds ckjs esa lko/kku gksuk pkfg,A

Hkz"Vkpkj&fu"ks/k dkuwu tfVy gSa] vkSj bu dkuwuksa dk mYyaku djus ds ifj.kke xaHkhj gksrs gSaA bl dkj.k ls]

vkidks fdlh Hkh ,slh xfrfof/k ls cpuk pkfg, tks fd fj'or ekuh tk ldrh gSA ;fn vkids Hkz"Vkpkj&fu"ks/k

dkuwuksa ds laca/k esa dksbZ fpark,a gSa] rks vius laHkkxh; vuqikyu ijke’kZnkrk ls laidZ djsaA fj'or ;k deh'ku dh

ekax dh rRdky fjiksVZ gekjs uSfrdrk ,oa vuqikyu lewg dks ;k ml ns'k ds varxZr cuk, x, Listen Up esa djsa

ftlesa vki dke djrs gSaA

mfpr lrZdrk ds fy, izfØ;kvksa lesr Hkz"Vkpkj&fu"ks/k vuqikyu ds ckjs esa vf/kd tkudkjh ds fy,] gekjh

Hkz"Vkpkj&fu"ks/k vuqikyu funsZ'kiqfLrdk dks ns[ksaA

“fj'or”

udn Hkqxrku] migkj] euksjatu ;k vU;

O;kolkf;d f'k"Vkpkj HksaV lesr] dksbZ

Hkh ewY;oku oLrq gS] tks fd O;kolkf;d

ykHk izkIr djus ds fy, fdlh O;fDr ds

O;kolkf;d dk;ks± ;k fu.kZ;ksa dks izHkkfor

djus ds iz;kl ds fy, nh tkrh gSA

“deh'ku”

O;olk; iznku djus ;k mls c


dkys /ku dks lQsn djuk

dkys /ku dks lQsn djuk og izfØ;k gS ftlds }kjk O;fDr ;k fudk; voS/k QaMksa dks Nqikus dh dksf'k'k djrs

gSa] ;k fQj bu QaMksa dks oS/k fn[kkus ds fy, lkSns djrs gSaA osnjQ+ksMZ dkys /ku dks lQsn djus dks ekQ] lgk;rk

;k leFkZu ugha nsrk gSA geesa ls dqN O;fDrxr :i ls dkys /ku dks lQsn djus ds dkuwuksa dk mYyaku djus

dh fLFkfr esa dHkh gks ldrs gSa] ysfdu gesa cM+s udn Hkqxrkuksa vkSj vlkekU; lkSnksa lesr] Hkqxrku fd, tkus ds

rjhdksa esa vfu;ferrkvksa ij /;ku nsus dh t:jr gSA blds vfrfjDr] vius xzkgdksa] fcpkSfy;ksa vkSj O;kolkf;d

lk>hnkjksa ij mfpr lrdZrk ykxw djus dh] vkSj fdlh Hkh lansgkLin O;ogkj dh fjiksVZ djus dh ftEesnkjh gSA

vf/kd tkudkjh ds fy,] Ñi;k gekjh FCPA vkSj varjkZ"Vªh; Hkz"Vkpkj&fu"ks/k vuqikyu funsZ'k iqfLrdk dks ns[ksaA

,d oSf'od daiuh ds rkSj ij] ge iwjh nqfu;k esa vius mRikn vkSj lsok,a nsrs gSaA blh

otg ls ;g egRoiw.kZ gksrk gS fd ge lko/kkuhiwoZd lHkh jk"Vªh; vkSj LFkkuh; fu;eksa

vkSj fofu;eksa dk ikyu djsa tks fd gekjh varjkZ"Vªh; O;kikfjd xfrfof/k dks fofu;fer

djrs gSaA

26


O;kikfjd fu;a=.k

,d oSf’od daiuh ds rkSj ij] ge jk"Vªh; lhekvksa dks ikj djds iwjh nqfu;k esa viuk eky] lsok;sa] lkWVos;j vkSj

rduhd nsrs gSaA blh otg ls ;g egRoiw.kZ gksrk gS fd ge lko/kkuhiwoZd lHkh jk"Vªh; vkSj varjkZ"Vªh; fu;eksa vkSj

fofu;eksa dk ikyu djsa] tks fd vk;kr] fu;kZr vkSj iquZfu;kZr lfgr gekjh lhek ikj O;kikfjd xfrfof/k;ksa ij ykxw

gksrs gSaA

dbZ ns’k dqN ns’kksa] O;fDr;ksa o laLFkkvksa] vkSj dqN var%mi;ksxksa ¼tSls] tSfod] jklk;fud] vFkok ukfHkdh; gfFk;kjksa

dk fodkl½ ds fy;s jksd ;k çfrca/kksa dk ikyu djrs gSaA ;s jksd ;k çfrca/k fo’ks"k :i ls jk"Vªh; lqj{kk] fons’k

uhfr] ;k ekuoh; ekeyksa ij dsfUær gksrs gSaA tc dHkh Hkh ;s gekjh daiuh ij ykxw gksa] bu vko’;drkvksa ds

vuqikyu esa] gesa vius varjkZ"Vªh; ysu&nsu ij utj j[kuh pkfg;s ftlls fd lqfuf’pr fd;k tk lds fd ge

fdlh çfrcaf/kr var%eafty] var%ç;ksDrk] ;k var%mi;ksx dk dksbZ lcwr u ik;sa vkSj **yky /ot** ij utj j[ksa]

tks fd ;g ladsfrd djrk gS fd dksbZ led{k ykxw dkuwuksa ds mYyaku dk laHkor% ç;kl dj jgk gSA

dksbZ **fu;kZr** rc gksrk gS tc dksbZ eky] lsok] lkWVos;j ;k rduhd dk fgLlk fdlh vU; ns’k esa fdlh O;fDr

dks ewrZ vFkok vewrZ :i esa Hkstk tkrk gSA dksbZ fu;kZr rc Hkh gksrk gS tc ge fdlh ml O;fDr dks rduhd ;k

lkWVos;j miyC/k djkrs gSa tks ml ns’k dk ukxfjd ugha gS ftlesa fd og jgrk gS ¼tSls] vesfjdk esa dksbZ O;fDr

tks vesfjdk dk ukxfjd ;k LFkk;h fuoklh ugha gS½A ,d iquZfu;kZr] fdlh eky] lkWVos;j ;k rduhd dk ,d

fons’kh ns’k ls nwljs fons’kh ns’k dks Hkstuk gksrk gSA

fu;kZr vkSj iquZfu;kZr esa ’kkfey gksus ls igys] gesa ¼1½ vius eky] lkWVos;j] lsokvksa vkSj rduhd dk oxhZdj.k

;g fu/kkZfjr djus ds fy;s djuk pkfg;s fd D;k fu;kZr&iwoZ ;k iquZfu;kZr&iwoZ vuqefr dh vko’;drk gS]

¼2½ vkiwfrZ ds LFky] lkeku ds çkIrdrkZvksa dh ik=rk vkSj ml mÌs’; dk lR;kiu djuk pkfg;s ftlds fy;s

os gekjs lkeku dks mi;ksx esa yk;saxs] ftlls fd fdlh Hkh çfrcaf/kr var%eafty] var%ç;ksDrk] ;k var%mi;ksx dk

’kkfey u gksuk lqfuf’pr fd;k tk lds] vkSj ¼3½ ykxw gksus okyh leLr vuqefr;ksa dks çkIr djuk pkfg;sA

27


**vk;kr** rc gksrk gS tc ge fdlh nwljs ns’k ds lacaf/kr ;k vlacaf/kr L=ksr ls dksbZ lkeku vius ns’k esa ykrs

gSaA vk;kr esa ’kkfey gksus ls igys gesa ¼1½ vk;kr fd;s tkus vius eky dk oxhZdj.k ;g fu/kkZfjr djus ds

fy;s djuk pkfg;s fd D;k vk;kr&iwoZ vuqefr dh vko’;drk gS vkSj ;fn ;g vko’;d gks rks mls çkIr djuk

pkfg;s] ¼2½ mn~Hko ds mi;qDr ns’k dh igpku djuh pkfg;s] ¼3½ vk;kr vuqefr dks lqfuf’pr djus ds fy;s

fdlh Hkh vko’;d vk;kr ’kqYd ;k vU; lacaf/kr djksa dk Hkqxrku djus ds fy;s vk;kfrr lkeku ds lgh ewY;

dk fu/kkZj.k djuk pkfg;sA

dqN ns’k vU; ns’kksa ds lkFk çfrcaf/kr O;kikj laca/k ;k cfg"—r laca/k j[krs gSaA ekSf[kd ;k fyf[kr fuosnuksa ds

}kjk gesa le;≤ ij bu cfg"dkjksa esa lg;ksx djus ds vuqjks/k çkIr gks ldrs gSa] tks fd fufonkvksa]

vuqca/kksa] _.k&i=ksa] laxzg.k ;k ifjogu nLrkostksa esa ifjyf{kr gks ldrs gSaA bu vuqjks/kksa dh çkfIr dh lwpuk

gesa vius O;kikj vuqikyu lewg dks vuqikyu leh{kk gsrq nsuh pkfg;s ftlls fd lqfuf’pr gks lds fd ge ykxw

dkuwuksa ds rgr fdlh Hkh çfrcaf/kr O;kikj laca/k ;k cfg"—r laca/k esa lg;ksx ugha djrs gSaA mu ysu&nsuksa ds

ckjs esa] ftuesa vesfjdh dkuwuksa vkSj ykxw LFkkuh; dkuwuksa] tSls fd ;wjksih; lak] dukMk] eSfDldks vkSj e/; iwoZ esa

dqN ns’kksa ds dkuwu] ds lak"kZ ’kkfey gks] rks O;kikj vuqikyu lewg ls fopkj&foe’kZ djuk pkfg;sA

O;kikj fu;a=.k laca/kh dkuwuksa vkSj fofu;eksa ds mYyaku ds ifj.kke O;kikj fo'ks"kkf/kdkjksa ds [kksus vkSj nhokuh

vkSj vkijkf/kd tqekZuksa lesr] gekjh daiuh vkSj blesa 'kkfey O;fDr;ksa nksuksa ds fy, xaHkhj gksrs gSaA vf/kd

tkudkjh ds fy,]Ñi;k gekjs O;kikj vuqikyu lewg ls ijke'kZ ysa vkSj gekjh O;kikj vuqikyu uhfr dks ns[ksaA

28


iz- vkt lqcg lkjk dks Ýkal esa fdlh xzkgd ls ,d cM+k vkns'k izkIr gqvkA xzkgd us mls crk;k

fd mldh ;kstuk vknsf'kr mRiknksa esa ls dqN dks lwMku esa vius lgdehZ ds lkFk lk>k djus

dh gS] tks fd egRoiw.kZ fpfdRldh; 'kks/k dj jgk gSA gkykafd lkjk tkurh gS fd osnjQ+ksMZ

lwMku ds fy, mRikn ugha Hkst ldrh gS] ysfdu og ekurh gS fd gekjs }kjk xzkgdksa dks

mRikn Hksts tkus ds ckn os mls viuh ethZ ls forfjr dj ldrs gSaA D;k og lgh gS\

m- ughaA lkekU; rkSj ij] ;g daiuh dh uhfr vkSj fu;a=.k laca/kh dkuwuksa dk mRikn Hkstus laca/kh mYyaku

gS tks fd vki tkurs gSa ¼;k vkids ikl lansg ds dkj.k gSa½ fd izfrcaf/kr ns'k] tSls fd lwMku Hkstus

ds fy, fu/kkZfjr fd, x, gaSA pwafd ;g ,d tfVy fLFkfr gS] blfy, lkjk dks lykg ds fy, gekjs

O;kikj vuqikyu lewg ls laidZ djuk pkfg,A

29


gekjh lafgrk laca/kh fVIif.k;ka

[kaM 07

30


gekjh lafgrk ls NwV ysuk

funs'kdksa vkSj dk;Zdkjh vf/kdkfj;ksa ds fy, bl lafgrk ls dksbZ NwV ysuk ;k viokn dsoy funs'kd eaMy

¼;k eaMy dh dksbZ midesVh½ }kjk fyf[kr esa fn, tk ldrs gSaA fofu;e ;k dkuwu ds vuqlkj vko';d gksus

lHkh NwVksa vkSj vioknksa dks rRdky mtkxj fd;k tk,xkA

dksbZ Hkh vU; NwV ;k viokn gekjh daiuh dh uhfr;ksa ds vuqlkj LohÑr gksus pkfg,A ;fn dksbZ uhfr bl izdkj

dh NwV ;k viokn ds ckjs esa ugha crkrh gS] rks ;g gekjs eq[; vuqikyu vf/kdkjh }kjk iznku dh tkuh pkfg,A

31


gekjh daiuh lqj{kk vkSj xq.koÙkk ds mPp ekudksa dk ikyu djrs gq, rsy m|ksx dh pkyd 'kfDr cuus dk iz;kl djrh gSA

Hindi

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