Safalta Ke Sopan Ek Anukaraniya Abhiyan Issue 04 - ABSSS

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Safalta Ke Sopan Ek Anukaraniya Abhiyan Issue 04 - ABSSS

lQyrk ds lksiku

,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

tuiSjoh fo’ks”kkad

vf[ky Hkkjrh; lekt lsok laLFkku

Hkkjr tuuh ifjlj] jkuhiqj HkV~V] iksLV&lhrkiqj] fp=dwV&210204 ¼m-iz-½]

E­mail : abssschitrakoot@rediffmail.com

absss@sancharnet.in, nwjHkk”k % 05198­224332

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

1


izsj.kk iq#’k % MkW0 ,l-,u-lqCckjko th ds lkFk

laLFkkid th ,oa laLFkku v/;{k MkW flag

vkUnksyu % lR;kxzgh vk;qDr dh izfr{kk esa

tulquokbZ % ekuokf/kdkjksa ds izcy izoZrd] iSjksdkj

,oa ca/kqvk eqfDr ekspkZ ds jk’Vªh; v/;{k

ekuuh; Lokeh vfXuos”k th

tulquokbZ% vf/kdkfj;ksa ls viuh O;Fkk lqukrs

xzkeh.k

nq[kMk % dksbZ ugh lqub;k nb;k] Hkb;k bl jt/kkuh

esa

izn”kZu % fo”o ekuokf/kdkj fnol ij fpuxkjh

laxBu }kjk tutkxj.k jSyh ,oa tu lHkk

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

iSjoh ,oa ehfM;k% x+jhcks ds vf/kdkjksa ,oa gd+nkjh gsrq iSjoh

dk;Z”kkyk esa ehfM;k ,oa lkFk esa Jh xksiky HkkbZ

2

ABSSS


lQyrk ds lksiku

,d vuqdj.kh;

vfHk;ku &¼4½

tuiSjoh fo’ks”kk¡d

laj{k.k] ekxZn’kZu

xksiky HkkbZ

vo/kkj.kk ,oa funsZ’ku

Hkkxor izlkn

ladyu ,oa lEiknu

fiz;adk tk;loky

lg;ksx

fo|klkxj cktis;h] xtsUnz flag] T;ksRluk]

oklqnso] jktkHkb;k] vfHk’ksd] fnus”k iky]

ek;k lkdsr] lat;] larks’k dksy

‘kCnkadu

dqekj vjfcUn

o”kZ & 2005&2006

fodkl]

lkekftd U;k;]

dkuwu] lekt]

i;kZoj.k] ;kstuk]

vf/kdkj ,oa drZO;

fo”k;d tkx:drk

,oa lk{kjrk J`a[kyk

ekyk

vf[ky Hkkjrh; lekt lsok laLFkku

Hkkjr tuuh ifjlj] jkuhiqj HkV~V] iks0&lhrkiqj

tuin&fp=dwV ¼m0iz0½ 210204

}kjk lEikfnr ,oa izdkf”kr

nwjHkk’k % 05198&224332

E­mail : abssschitrakoot@rediffmail.com

absss@sancharnet.in

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

3


viuh ckr 3

1

tu iSjoh & dF; ,oa fØ;k”khyrk 4&13

2

lr~r lak’kZ ls cnyh pUniqjk dh rLohj 14&21

3

nacxksa ds dCts ls eqDr gqvk xka/kh vkJe 22&26

4

lak’kZ ls iRFkj dks lksus esa cnyk 27&29

5

xk¡o ds lkr fdlkuksa dks QthZ _.k ls eqfDr feyh 30&34

6

lkearokn ds f[k+ykQ [kM+s x+jhcksa dks viuh /kjrh feyh 35&36

7

Hkkaojiqj xqykeh ls eqfDr dh vksj 37&38

8

Hkwjh us ik;k t+ehu ij dCt+k 39

9

ljtwckbZ ds lak’kZ us jpk bfrgkl 40&42

10

Jfed laxfBr gq, rks etnwjh feyh 43&44

11

fpuxkjh laxBu l”kDrhdj.k ,oa gd+nkjh dh vksj 45&46

12

ncaxksa ds paxqy ls eqDr gqbZ cqf/k;k 47&48

13

fujUrj igy ls Jfedksa dks feyk gd+ 49&50

14

etnwj dh viuh yM+kbZ viuh thr 51&52

15

ljdkjh dkxtks esa e`r lksuk us t+ehu gkfly dh 53

16

fo”k;&lwph

Ø-la- fo’k;

i`’Bla[;k

17 {k;jksx ij ikbZ fot; 54

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

4


viuh ckr

gekjs ns”k esa fo”o ds lcls vf/kd fu/kZu] lhekUrhd`r] Hkq[kejh ls ihfM+r] fuj{kj ,oa fiNM+s yksx jgrs

gSa A ,d vksj [k|kUu Hk.Mkjksa esa vukt iM+k lM+ jgk gS] rks nwljh vksj cM+h la[;k esa Hkq[kejh vkSj dqiks’k.k ls

xzLr ukxfjd gSA ,d vksj ^fu/kZurk esa deh ykus* ds fy, fo”kky fuf/k;ksa okyh cM+h&cM+h lkoZtfud ;kstuk,a gS]

rks nwljh vksj brus vf/kd lhekUrhd`r yksx gS] tks budk ykHk ugha mBk ldrs A igq¡p ,oa fu;=a.k ls dkslksa nwj

gSA vki tkurs gSa fd vfUre fLFkfr esa thus dh ftldh ck/;rk gS] og ,d cgqr cM+k leqnk; gSA ,sls misf{kr

leqnk; dh vkokt+ cuuk ,d tksf[ke Hkjk lkgl dk dk;Z gSA jktuhfr djus okys yksx ;k ny x+jhc dh i{k/kjrk

lku :i ls dHkh ugha dj ik;s gSaA dsoy LoSfPNd iz;kl gh vk”kk dh fdj.k gSaA

ukxfjd lekt laLFkkvksa ds lexz fodkl ds lkFk&lkFk r`.kewy dk;ZdrkZvksa dh {kerk o`f)] usr`Ro fodkl]

vkthfodk ,oa gdnkjh rd fu/kZuksa dh igq¡p ,oa fu;a=.k] pqIih laLd`fr ds fo#) vkokt] LokfHkeku ,oa vf/kdkjksa

dh izkfIr dh fn”kk esa iSDl dk;ZØe ojnku fl) gks jgk gSA oafpr] “kksf’kr] misf{kr] mRihfMr+] vHkkoxzLr ,oa

lkekftd U;k; ls dkslks nwj cqUnsy[k.M ifj{ks= ds oafprksa] fu/kZuksa] nfyrksa ,oa vkfnokfl;ksa rFkk efgykvksa ds chp

volj iznku djus gsrq iSDl dk;ZØe ds izfr vkHkkj A

lkekftd dk;ZdÙkkZvksa ds gLr{ksi ds ifj.kke Lo:i dqN lQyrk,¡ lkeus gSaA vkRe iz”kalk dk ;|fi lekt

esa okrkoj.k vius pje ij gSA bl fLFkfr ls cpus dk iz;kl fd;k x;k gSA lQyrk,¡ tks ge vkidks ;gk¡ lefiZr

dj jgs gSa] ml leiZ.k ds ihNs fo”kq) Hkko ;g gS fd lekt ifjorZu ds fy, lak’kZjr~ u;s lkFkh gekjh iz;kl] izfØ;k

tku&le> dj vkSj vf/kd izsfjr gks ldsaA iSDl dk;ZØe ds vUrxZr viuh lHkh lgHkkxh laLFkkvksa] tq>k: lkfFk;ksa

,oa lak”kZ”khy dk;ZdrkZvksa ds izfr dksfV”k% vkHkkjA vius thou ,oa ifjokj dh fpUrk u djrs gq, Hkh lekt

ifjorZu] lkekftd U;k; ,oa lekurk;qDr lekt dh fn”kk esa vgfuZ’k yxs gq, gSaA ,sls lkglh] lefiZr] lkfFk;ksa dks

lk/kqokn nsrs gq, vkidks ;g ykq iqfLrdk lefiZr gSA ekxZn”kZu izkFkZuh; gSA

viuh lgHkkxh laLFkkvks a ,oa lkfFk;ksa ;Fkk ¼1½ cqUnsy[k.M lsok laLFkku] fodkl[k.M&eM+kojk] tuin&yfyriqj

¼2½ ijkxhyky fo|k/kke lfefr] fodkl[k.M&ujSuh] tuin&ck¡nk] ¼3½ d`’.kkfiZr lsokJe] fodkl[k.M&egqok]

tuin&ck¡nk] ¼4½ v#.kksn; laLFkku] fodkl[k.M&tSriqj] tuin&egksck] ¼5½ nkfeuh lfefr] fodkl[k.M&dohZ]

¼f”kojkeiqj] Hkjrdwi½ tuin&fp=dwV ¼6½ ikBk dksy fodkl lfefr] fodkl[k.M&ekfudiqj] tuin&fp=dwV] ¼7½

vUR;ksn; laLFkku] fodkl[k.M&ekSngk ¼fllksyj½] tuin&gehjiqj ds lfØ;] jpukRed iz;ksxks] iz;klksa dks ;gk¡ izLrqr

djrs gq, izlUurk gks jgh gSA

vf[ky Hkkjrh; lekt lsok laLFkku] fp=dwV ¼m0iz0½ ,sls gh ;qok] mnh;eku] efgyk ,oa nfyr usr`Ro ds

x


¼1½ tuiSjoh & dF; ,oa fØ;k’khyrk

cqUnsy[k.M {ks= dk lp%

mRrj izns”k vkSj e/; izns”k ds cM+s {ks= es a QSys cqUnsy[k.M dh eq[; igpku x+jhch vkSj vHkko ds {ks= esa

curh tk jgh gSA xk¡oksa es a jksth&jksVh dh O;oLFkk u gksus ds dkj.k cM+ s iSekus ij iyk;u gks jgk gSA dgha&dgha rks

ty ladV gh bruk fodV gS fd ogh iyk;u dk ,d eq[; dkj.k cu x;k gSA dbZ {ks= ,sls gSa tgk¡ lkeUrh rRo

x+jhc o detksj ifjokjksa dk cqjh rjg “kks’k.k dj jgs gSaA lHkh izkd`frd lalk/kuksa ij igyk vf/kdkj mUgha dk pyrk

gSA cgqr ls ouksa dk voS/k dVku Hkh Hkz’V vf/kdkfj;ksa o lkeUrh rRoksa dh feyh Hkxr ls gks jgk gSA ftlds dkj.k

vkt taxy ohjku fn[kkbZ iM+rs gSaA “kks’k.k ,oa i;kZoj.k fouk”k dk

nksgjk ncko x+jhc yksxksa dks lguk iM+ jgk gS ftlds dkj.k ;s cM+s

iSekus ij iyk;u dks etcwj gksrs gSaA budk dfBu Je nwj&nwj ds

{ks=ksa es a lqUnj Hkou cuk jgk gS ij vius gh xk¡oks a dk thou&vk/kkj

cpkus dk] ;gk¡ dh feV~Vh vkSj [ksr cpkus dk] rkykc vkSj ou cpkus

dk volj mUgsa ugha fey ik jgk gSA

x+jhc tgk¡ ncaxksa ds “kks’k.k o mRihM+u dk f”kdkj gks jgk gS]

ogha ,d yksdrkaf=d ns”k dk vax gksus ds ukrs buds vf/kdkjks a dh j{kk

gsrq ftu iz”kklfud vf/kdkfj;ksa dks fu;qDr fd;k tkrk gS] mUgha ds

}kjk muds vf/kdkjksa dk guu fd;k tkrk jgk gSA ljdkj Hkh ges”kk

ls bl {ks= ds nfyr o oafpr oxZ dks viuh nwf’kr jktuhfr dk f”kdkj

cukrh pyh vk jgh gSA

vf[ky Hkkjrh; lekt lsok laLFkku rFkk bldh lg;ksxh

laLFkkvks a us ;gk¡ lcls x+jhc dksy vkfnoklh o vU; nfyr o oafpr leqnk; ds ifjokjksa ds lkFk dk;Z djuk vkjEHk

fd;kA vk/kkjHkwr losZ{k.k }kjk fudy dj vk;k

fd mudh x+jhch dk eq[; dkj.k izkd`frd lalk/

kuksa ij pan cM+s Hkw&Lokfe;ks a dk dCtk o x+jhcksa

o nfyrksa dk mi;ksx dsoy “kksf’kr et+nwjksa ds :i

esa gksuk gSA bl fLFkfr dks cnyus ds fy, laLFkku

o lg;ksxh laLFkkvksa us vFkd iz;kl fd;kA ca/kd

etnwjh izFkk dks nwj djus ds fy;s Hkkx&nkSM+ dh

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

‘kks”k.k ,oa i;kZoj.k fouk’k dk

nksgjk ncko x+jhc yksxksa dks

lguk iM+ jgk gS ftlds dkj.k ;s

cM+s iSekus ij iyk;u dks etcwj

gksrs gSaA budk dfBu Je nwj&nwj

ds {ks=ksa esa lqUnj Hkou cuk jgk gS

ij vius gh xk¡oksa dk

thou&vk/kkj cpkus dk] ;gk¡

dh feV~Vh vkSj [ksr cpkus dk]

rkykc vkSj ou cpkus dk

volj mUgsa ugha fey ik jgk gSA

rkfd fodkl dk;ks Za ds fy;s vkfnoklh ,oa nfyr

leqnk; LorU= gh jgsa] mUgsa fdlh Hkw Lokeh ds

ikl tkus dh etcwjh u jgsA vf/kdka”k Hkwfeghu

ifjokjksa dks dqN u dqN Hkwfe fey lds] blds

fy;s laLFkku us vFkd iz;kl fd;kA ykqou mit

ABSSS

6


a

ij bu vkfnokfl;ksa dh gd+nkjh ckb”k ;k izfrokn ds

leqfpr iz;kl odkyr gSA tc ;s iz;kl lkekU; turk ;k cM+s tu lewg ds fgr esa fd, tkrs gSa rks bUgsa tu iSjoh

dgk tkrk gSA tu iSjoh lkekU;r% tufgr dks izksRlkfgr djrk gS vkSj lkekftd U;k; dh LFkkiuk ds iz;kl djrk

gSA

tuiSjoh lekt ds oafpr vkSj vYi lqfo/kk izkIr lnL;ksa ds fgr dh vksj /;ku vkd`’V djrk gSA blds

vUrxZr efgykvksa] vuqlwfpr tkfr@tutkfr@fiNM+s oxksZ

vkSj Jfedksa ls laca) fo’k; “kkfey gksrs gSaA tuiSjoh ds ^^n`syus okys dks bldh ekax djuh

iM+rh gS** & ekfVZu ywFkj fdax

vkStkj gksrs gS a ij bl lefUor :i dks pkdw gh dgk tkrk

gSA la;qDr jkT; vesfjdk ds ,Moksdslh ds lgfuns”kd vkSj

tufgr leFkZdksa ds vxqok Jh MsfoM dksgsu dk dguk gS &

^^ftl izdkj ls ekuoh; xfjek ds fy;s dgrs gS a fd thou dsoy jksVh ds fy;s gh ugha & blh izdkj tuleFkZdksa

dks dsoy fuokZpu }kjk cnyko ykus ds fy;s] dsoy tu vkUnksyu }kjk ugha] dsoy i{k fuekZ.k }kjk ugha] dsoy

lwpuk }kjk ugha] dsoy la;qDr ekspkZ cukdj ugha cfYd lHkh laHkkfor rjhdksa }kjk ifjorZu dk iz;kl djuk

pkfg,**

tuiSjoh mi;qZDr y{;ksa esa fdlh Hkh] ;k fdUgh dh Hkh] ;k cgqr ls vU; y{;ksa dh “kDy esa gks ldrk gSA cl mldk

,d ek= mn~ns”; iw.kZ ifj.kke gksuk pkfg, fd og ,slk lkekftd ifjorZu yk;s tks lekt ds det+ksj oxks Za rd vf/

kdre vkfFkZd o jktuSfrd “kfDr o lalk/ku igq ¡pk;s aA t+:jh ugha fd lkekftd ifjorZu vkdfLed ØkfUr ls izdV

gks tk;sA ;g “kkfUriw.kZ vkSj lrr~ izfØ;k dk ifj.kke gks ldrk gSA**

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

7


vf[ky Hkkjrh; lekt lsok laLFkku ,oa lg;ksxh laLFkkvksa us tuiSjoh dks ,d ek/;e u ekudj fdlh

tuleL;k ds lek/kku dk “kL= ekuk gSA laLFkku o lg;ksxh laLFkk,a ehfM;k] iz”kklu] uhfrdkjksa] izcq)oxZ ds yksxksa

o fofHkUu jktuSfrd laxBuksa ls laca/k LFkkfir dj] gj Lrj ij yksxksa dh ckr j[kus o muds fgrksa dh j{kk djus

gsrq ,d nwjxkeh n`f’Vdks.k dks ysrs gq, lkekftd U;k;] gd+nkjh] “kks’k.k foghu ,oa lejl lekt LFkkiuk dh vksj

lrr~ iz;kl dj jgs gSaA

tuiSjoh ds iz;klksa dk dke fdlh vfHk;ku esa iz;qDr j.kuhfr] dk;Zi)fr vkSj rduhfd ls fu/kkZfjr fd;k

tk ldrk gSA tuiSjoh iz;klksa dh lQyrk vkSj izHkko bl ckr ij fuHkZj djrk gS fd fuEufyf[kr rduhdksa vkSj

j.kuhfr;ksa dks fdrus izHkkoh rjhds ls dke es a fy;k tkrk gS &

Z

a

1- fo’k; dh igpku vkSj mldh LFkkiuk 2- lwpuk laxzg

3- #fp”khy yksxksa o fgrHkkfx;ksa dk laxBu 4- ,dtqVrk

5- vU; yksxksa@lewgksa ls rkyesy 6- lEidksa dh LFkkiuk o fujUrjrk

7- vfHk;ku dh ;kstuk 8- lapkj ek/;eksa dks tksM+uk

9- fo/kkf;dk ij ncko cukuk 10- O;oLFkk es igq ¡p cukuk

1- fo”k; dh igpku vkSj LFkkiuk %

tuiSjoh ds iz;kl dk;Z{ks= dh fLFkfr ;k futh ekeys ;k uhfrxr igy eas izdV gksrs gSa tSls laLFkku ,oa lg;ksxh

laLFkkvks a us tc cqUnsy[k.M esa dke djuk izkjEHk fd;k rc loZizFke bl {ks= dk losZ{k.k fd;k x;kA los Z{k.k ds nkSjku

xk¡o esa gh jkf= foJke djrs gq, yksxks a ds lkFk laca/k LFkkfir djus dh dksf”k”k dh xbZ rkfd os “kks’k.k] mRihM+u vkfn

tSls eqn~nksa ij [kqydj viuh O;Fkk crk ldsa A laLFkku o lg;ksxh laLFkkvks a }kjk cqUnsy[k.M {ks= esa O;kIr

fuEufyf[kr leL;kvksa] eqn~nksa ;k fo’k;ksa dh igpku o LFkkiuk dk iz;kl fd;k x;k gS &

1-1 % Hkwfe laca/kh leL;k

1-2 % csjkstxkjh ,oa iyk;u dh leL;k ,oa dkj.k

1-3 % ou ,oa jktLo foHkkx laca/kh leL;k

1-4 % lw[kk o ck


1-15 % fo|ky;ks a esa {kerk ls vf/kd iathdj.k dk eqn~nk vkfn A

bu leL;kvksa dks ehfM;k o i=dkjksa ds ek/;e ls jk’Vªh; o vUrjkZ’Vªh; Lrj rd mBkus o yksxksa dks bu

eqn~nksa ij lkspus vkReeaFku djus dh fn”kk esa igy dh xbZ gSA lkekftd ljksdkjksa dh vksj fgrxkfe;ksa] leFkZdksa dks

rS;kj fd;k x;k gSA

2- lwpuk laxzg %

fo’k; dh igpku ds ckn ysfdu LFkkiuk ds igys cgqr lkjk dke jgrk gSA okLro esa i;kZIr lwpuk bdV~Bh fd, fcuk

fdlh fo’k; dh LFkkiuk ugha dh tk ldrh gSA ;g lwpuk vfHk;ku ds Hkkoh dk;ZØe ds fu/kkZj.k esa ennxkj fl)

gksrh gS A bu lHkh ckrksa dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, laLFkku o lg;ksxh laLFkkvksa }kjk fpfUgr fo’k;ksa ij fuEu izdkj dh

lwpukvksa dks laxzfgr djus dk iz;kl fd;k x;k gS &

2-1 % fo’k; ls lacaf/kr dkuwu ij le> ,oa lku idM+

2-2 % fo’k; ij uhfr dh Li’Vrk

2-3 % dkuwu o ;kstukvksa ls lacaf/kr yksx

2-4 % gekjs fo’k; ls lgkuqHkwfr j[kus okys ljdkj esa cSBs yksx vkSj fo’k; ds fojks/kh

yksx] leqnk;

2-5 % ,sls rVLFk yksx ftUgksaus bl fo’k; ij dksbZ /kkj.kk ugha cukbZ

2-6 % lapkj ek/;eksa }kjk fn;k x;k LFkku vkSj fo”ys’k.k

2-7 % bl fo’k; ls lacaf/kr vU; lewg

2-8 % vU; lewgksa ls rkyesy dh laHkkouk

laLFkku dk ;g iz;k”k jgk gS fd y{; fo’k; blls izHkkfor yksxks a dks le> es a vkrk gks vkSj os tuiSjoh

ds iz;klksa esa igy djus dks rS;kj gks A dke “kq: djus ls igys pquk gqvk fo’k; Bhd ls LFkkfir fd;k tkuk t:jh

gS A lwpuk laxzg ds ckn fo’k; dh LFkkiuk ds fy;s i`’BHkwfe rS;kj gks tkrh gS ftlls okafNr ifj.kke izkIr djus esa

enn feyrh gSA

tuiSjoh ds bl lak’kZ esa lwpuk gh ,d ,slk ek/;e gS tks gesa ,d l”kDr vk/kkj iznku djrk gSA gekjs

ikl ftruh rF;kRed o lEiw.kZ tkudkjh gksxh] ge vius ckr dks mrus gh vkRefo”okl ds lkFk j[k ldrs gS a o

foi{kh dks viuh ckr euokus ds fy, ncko Mky ldrs gSaA fo’k;ksa dh igpku o LFkkiuk ds i”pkr~ tuiSjoh ds gekjs

iz;klksa esa vxyk dne lwpuk laxzg dk jgrk gSA pwafd ges a Kkr gks pqdk gksrk gS fd xk¡o es a fdl izdkj dh leL;k

gS vkSj vc gesa ml leL;k ds lek/kku gsrq vkokt mBkuh gSA vr% gesa viuh vkokt dks etcwrh nsus ds fy;s mlls

lacaf/kr lwpuk ,d= djuk vR;Ur vko”;d gks tkrk gSA

3- :fp’khy yksxksa ,oa fgrHkkfx;ksa dk laxBu %

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

9


lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

10


tuiSjoh ds iz;kl rHkh izHkkoh cu ldrs gSa tc vkids vkokt ds lkFk viuh vkokt feykus okys T;knk ls T;knk

yksx vkids lkFk vk;saA tuiSjoh ds vius iz;klksa dks etcwrh iznku djus ds fy;s fpfUgr fo’k; ij :fp”khy yksxksa]

fgrxzkfg;ksa dks vius lkFk ykus ds fy;s yksxksa dks laxfBr djus ds fy;s laLFkku }kjk fuEu iz;kl jgs gS a &

3-1 % vihy] i= 3-2 % izn”kZuh] iksLVj] ipsZ

3-3 % Hkk’k.k 3-4 % lHkk] lgHkkst

3-5 % gLrk{kj vfHk;ku 3-6 % ukVd] tqywl] izn”kZuh

3-7 % uqDdM+ ukVd 3-8 % lEesyu] dk;Z”kkyk] laxks’Bh

3-9 % izfr;ksfxrk 3-10 % fofHkUu lapkj ek/;eks a ls izpkj

3-11 % Øfed vu”ku] vkej.k vulu] /kjuk izn”kZu] tulHkk] pDdktke

laLFkku ,oa lg;ksxh laLFkkvksa us bl mn~ns”; dh iwfrZ ds fy;s vius dk;Z{ks= ds izR;sd xzke iapk;r Lrj

ij fpuxkjh laxBu dk xBu fd;k gSA fpuxkjh laxBu x+jhc o oafpr leqnk; ds efgyk&iq#’k lnL;ksa dk ,d ,slk

tu laxBu gS ftlds ek/;e ls laLFkku o lg;ksxh laLFkk,a fpfUgr fo’k;ks a dks xk¡o&xk¡o rd LFkkfir djus ,oa mu

fo’k;ksa ij tuiSjoh gsrq yksxksa dks izksRlkfgr djus dk iz;kl djrs gSaA pw afd leL;k,a dgha u dgha ls leqnk; ls gh

lacaf/kr gSA vr% leqnk; }kjk mBkbZ x;h lkeqfgd ,oa LFkk;h vkokt T;knk izHkko”kkyh rjhds ls dkjxj gksrh gSA

blds vykok vU; :fp”khy yksxksa tSls iz[;kr i=dkjks a] tuizfrfuf/k;ksa] fojks/kh ny ds usrkvksa] izcq)tuksa]

ehfM;k vkfn dks xks’Bh] tulquokbZ] dk;Z”kkykvksa] lEesyuksa] {ks= Hkze.k] iksLVj] i=ksa vkfn ds ek/;e ls cqUnsy[k.M

dh leL;kvksa ds izfr laosfnr djus dk iz;kl djrs jgs gS aA ;gk¡ dh xEHkhj leL;kvksa vkSj laLFkkxr iz;klksa dks

le;≤ ij iz[;kr i=dkj Jh Hkkjr Mksxjk] Lokeh vfXuos”k] Jh ,l0,u0lqCckjko tSls lekt ds lpsrd ,d

vksj tgk¡ jk’Vªh; o vUrjkZ’Vªh; eapksa ij mBkrs jgsa gSa o ljdkj dh uhfr;ksa dks izHkkfor djus dk gekjk ,d l”kDr

ek/;e cudj gekjs iz;klksa dks etcwrh nsrs jgs gSa] ogha fofHkUu vk;ksxksa ds v/;{k o lnL; fofHkUu eqn~nksa ij u

flQZ gesa leFkZu nsrs jgs gSa cfYd Li’V :i ls viuh laLrqfr;k¡ Hkh ntZ djrs jgs gSaA

4- ,dtqVrk %

leku :fp okys lewgksa vkSj laxBuksa ls lEcU/k cukuk egRoiw.kZ gSaA vf[ky Hkkjrh; lekt lsok laLFkku o lHkh

lg;ksxh laLFkkvksa us leku :fp ds vk/kkj ij nfyr o vkfnokfl;ksa ds vf/kdkjksa gsrq iSjoh ,oa ykWfcax djus gsrq

izfrc)rk trkbZ gSA laLFkk;s a izkjfEHkd rkSj ij leku :fp okys eqn~nksa ij ,d nwljs ls fopkj&foe”kZ djrs gSaA fQj

eqn~nksa ij vko”;d le> cukus o lwpuk laxzg ds ckn feydj vkxs dh j.kuhfr r; djrs gSaA

fof”k’V fo’k;ks a ij Hkh ,dtqVrk ¼usVofdZax½ dh tkrh gS tSls& ca/kqok etnwjh] ck


dks ck/; gksrs gSaA ;gk¡ Hkh laLFkku dk iz;kl leL;kvks a dk izdk”ku ek= gh y{; dHkh ugha jgk vfirq izdkf”kr lkekxzh

dks ncko cukus gsrq] leL;kvksa ds fujkdj.k gsrq “kL= ds :i es a bLrseky fd;k x;k gSA izdkf”kr lkekxzh dks lEcfU/

kr foHkkxksa ¼e.My] jkT; ,oa dsUnz Lrj ij½ i= ds ek/;e ls Hkstus dk dke fd;k x;k gS] blls leL;k lek/kku

dh fn”kk esa cy feyk gSA

5- vU; yksxksa@lewgksa ls rkyesy %

fo’k; esa #fp j[kus okys yksxksa dh igpku dj ysus ds ckn] muls eS=h c


ds fLFkfr dks mtkxj fd;k x;k rks laosnu”khy ftykf/kdkjh Jh mes”k feRry }kjk tulquokbZ dk;ZØe ds ek/;e ls

rqjUr gh 1600 vUR;ksn; dkMZ HkqDrHkksfx;ksa ds uke cuok, x;sA

6- fVdkÅ lgp;Z cukuk %

tuiSjoh ds lUnHkZ es a lgp;Z leku mn~ns”; ds fy;s lkFk dke dj jgs laxBuks a dh eS=h gSA ;s laxBu fofHkUu {ks=ksa

ls lEc) gks ldrs gSaA os lkekU;r% fofHkUu xfrfof/k;ksa esa yxs gks ldrs gSa] dqN ijLij fojks/kh fopkj/kkjkvksa ds iks’kd

gks ldrs gSaA lgp;Z esa fofp=rk ;gh gS fd fofHkUu lewgksa vkSj laxBuksa dk lgp;Z ,d leku mn~ns”; ds fy;s lkFk

gks tkrk gSA lkekU;r% ;s lewg fofHkUu orZeku xfrfof/k;ksa vkSj izkFkfedrkvksa ds ckotwn ,d Nkrs ds uhps ,d lkFk

vk tkrs gSaA

;g ns[kk x;k gS fd lgp;Z dk;e djuk eqf”dy dke ugha gSA eqf”dy dke gS lgp;Z dks dk;e j[kuk

vkSj izd`fr dks utj esa j[kukA fo’k; ds vuq:i lgp;Z NksVh vof/k ;k cM+h vof/k ds fy;s j[kk tk ldrk gSA

lgp;Z ds lgHkkfx;ksa ds chp vPNs laca/k cuk;s j[kus vkSj fo’k;ksa ds izHkkoh leFkZu ds fy;s fuEu “krsZ iwjh djuk

t:jh gS &

6-1 % lgp;Z ds y{; dk;Z esa Li’Vrk j[kh tkuh pkfg,A

6-2 % lewgksa esa dk;Z vkSj nkf;Roksa dk Li’V fu/kkZj.k gksuk pkfg,A ]

6-3 % lewgksa ds chp iw.kZ vkSj [kqyk lapkj vkSj laokn dk;e j[kk tkuk pkfg,A

6-4 % lgp;Z esa ls lkewfgd usr`Ro mHkjuk pkfg,A

lgp;Z] vfHk;ku dks lgk;rk nsrk gS vkSj l”kDr cukrk gS blls leL;k fo’k; ij fofHkUu lewgksa ds

n`f’Vdks.k j[kus esa] vuqHko vkSj fo”ks’kKrk dks dsfUnzr djus esa enn feyrh gSA laLFkku us lgp;Z dk lw= ysdj gh

cqUnsy[k.M ds 5 ftyks a esa vius lg;ksxh laLFkkvksa dks lkFk ysdj tuiSjoh dk;ZØe vkjaHk fd;kA ftys vkSj {ks= Hkys

vyx gksa ysfdu tuleL;k,a yxHkx ,d tSlh gSaA lkewfgd leL;kvks a dks mBkus rFkk iSjoh djus ds fy, iSjoh drkZvksa

ds cM+s lewgksa dh Hkh vko”;drk iM+rh gS A vyx&vyx ftysa esa a dk;Zjr lg;ksxh laLFkk ,d mn~ns”; dks ysdj ,d

lkFk rHkh [kM+s gks ldrs gSa tc muesa lgp;Z dk Hkko gksA bl Hkko dks cuk;s j[kus gsrq laLFkku us gj t:jh mik;

fd;s tSls & fujUrj cSBds] ,d nwljs ds lq[k&nq%[k esa lgHkkfxrk] ,d&nwljs ds fopkjksa dks lEEkku nsuk] lelkef;d

eqn~nksa ij ppkZ] le> ,oa lkewfgd j.kuhfr rFkk fu;kstu ij cy fn;k gSA

7- vfHk;ku dh ;kstuk %

vxj fdlh eqn~ns a dks vfHk;ku ds :i esa ys tkuk gS rc ;g vko”;d gks tkrk gS fd igys mlls

lacaf/kr j.kuhfr cuk yh tk;sA eqn~nksa dh xEHkhjrk ds vk/kkj ij r; j.kuhfr ds rgr vfHk;ku ls lacaf/kr lHkh

igyqqvksa dh lku rS;kjh dh tk;sA vfHk;ku dh ;kstuk o rS;kjh dk vfHk;ku dh lQyrk esa dkQh egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku

gksrk gSA pw¡fd fdlh Hkh vfHk;ku dk ,d O;kid izHkko iwjs lekt ij iM+rk gS vr% blds fu;kstu esa ,d O;kid

o nwjxkeh n`f’Vdks.k dk gksuk t:jh gks tkrk gSA yksxks ds ekul dh rS;kjh] mudh vfHk;ku es a lgHkkfxrk o lfØ;rk

ij izHkko Mkyrh gSA vr% lku lEidZ o izpkj&izlkj ds ek/;e ls yksxksa ds eu efLr’d dks >d>ksjus dk dke

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

13


fd;k tkrk gSA vkSj ;fn blds fofHkUu fgrHkkfx;ksa] lkfFk;ksa o lapkj ek/;e dk lkFk fey tk;s rks fu%lansg ls

vfHk;ku dks cy feyrk gS] ftlds ifj.kke Lo:i vius y{; dks ik;k tk ldrk gSA

8- lapkj ek/;eksa dk lg;ksx %

lapkj ek/;e yksdra= dk pkSFkk LrEHk gSA yksdrkaf=d iz.kkyh dh ;Fkk fLFkfr dks lkeus j[kdj O;oLFkk ds fu;kedksa

dk /;ku dsfUnzr dj izHkkoh gLr{ksi dh Hkwfedk esa lapkj ek/;e vxz.kh jgs gSaA tuiSjoh ds fy, lapkj ek/;e lcls

“kfDr”kkyh ek/;e gS D;ksafd ekStwnk ;qx esa lapkj ek/;eksa dk O;kid usVodZ gSA ;g ek/;e lwpukvksa dks rRdky

foLrkfjr dj mudh vksj lRrk/kkjdks a] ncko lewgksa] lkekftd iSjksdkjks a dk /;ku dsfUnzr dj mUgsa ppkZ ds dsUnz esa

ykrk gS A lapkj ek/;eksa ds dkj.k ,d vksj tgk¡ O;oLFkk ra= ltx vkSj lfØ; gksrk gS ogha vke tuekul esa vius

vf/kdkjks a ds izfr lfØ;rk cus dk ekSdk

feyk A tulquokbZ dk;ZØeksa esa iz”kklfud vf/kdkfj;ksa ds lkFk&lkFk i=dkj cU/kqvksa dks Hkh vkeaf=r fd;k tkrk jgk

gS ftlls mu iz”kklfud vf/kdkfj;ks a }kjk fn;s x;s vkns”kksa dh tkudkjh lHkh dks fey lds o muds fØ;kUo;u gsrq

le;≤ ij ncko cuk;k tk ldsA lgh ek;us esa ehfM;k tuiSjoh ds gekjs lak’kZ es a dne&dne ds lkFkh jgs gSaA

lekt lsok laLFkku ehfM;k ds rkdr dk csgrj iz;ksx x+jhcksa dh i{k/kjrk gsrq djrk vk;k gSA laLFkku dk ekuuk

gS fd ehfM;k ,oa lkekftd laLFkk,a ,d&nwljs dh iwjd cudj lkekftd U;k;] “kks’k.k] mRihM+u foghu lekt fuekZ.k

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

14


esa egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku ns ldrs gSa] ijUrq vko”;drk gS ,d&nwljs ds fo”okl vtZu dh] izekf.kd lwpuk,a iznku djus

dh vkSj ;g dke laLFkku ,oa lg;ksxh laLFkkvksa }kjk vc rd izekf.kd rjhds ls fd;k x;k gSA QyLo:i xzkeh.k

gdnkjh] ljdkjh ;kstukvksa rd x+jhcksa dh igq¡p ,oa x+jhcksa dh vkokt+ b/kj ds le; es a csgrj rjhds ls mBkbZ tk

ldrh gSA ihfM+r] oafpr yksxksa dks U;k; feyk gSA

9- fo/kkf;dk ij ncko %

fo/kkf;dk esa ljdkjh uhfr;ksa dk fu/kkZj.k gksrk gS

vkSj u;s dkuwu curs gSa] iqjkus dkuwuks a eas la”kks/ku

gksrk gS] ;k orZeku dkuwuksa dk lekiu gksrk gSA

tura= esa fo/kk;d@lkaln turk ds izfrfuf/k gksrs

gSaA muls vk”kk dh tkrh gS fd os ftu yksxksa dk

izfrfuf/kRo djrs gSa mudh bPNkvksa vkSj vkdka{kkvksa

dks iwjk djsaA blfy;s t:jh gS fd mUgs a tuer dk

Kku gks] mldh bPNk@vfuPNk dk irk gksA

fo/kk;dks a@lkalnksa dks fofHkUu fo’k;ksa dh rF;kRed

vkadM+ksa lfgr tkudkjh gksuk t:jh gSA blls mUgsa

uhfr fu/kkZj.k esa rdZ laxr #[k+ viukus esa enn

feyrh gSA

vf[ky Hkkjrh; lekt lsok laLFkku o lg;ksxh laLFkkvksa }kjk fofHkUu fo/kk;dksa@lkalnksa dks le;≤ ij

fofHkUu laxks’Bh@dk;Z”kkykvksa esa vkeaf=r fd;k tkrk jgk gS rFkk fofHkUu {ks=h; leL;kvks a ds ckjs es a i=ksa]

i=&drjuks a] Kkiu vkfn ds ek/;e ls lwfpr fd;k tkrk jgk gSA ,sls gh vU; rjhdksa ls Hkh fo/kk;dksa@lkalnksa dks

lwfpr vkSj izHkkfor fd;k tkrk jgk gS rkfd y{; fo’k; ds fy;s mudk leFkZu tqVk;k tk ldsA fo/kkf;dk igy dh

fn”kk esa laLFkku }kjk ekfudiqj ds dksy vkfnokfl;ksa ds ykqou mit ds laxzg.k] ,d=hdj.k rFkk foi.ku dks ysdj

rkRdkyhu fo/kk;d }kjk mRrj izns”k fo/kkf;dk esa iz”u mBok;k x;k A ftldk iz.kke dksy vkfnokfl;ksa ds i{k esa x;k

gSA blh izdkj laLFkku }kjk dksy tkfr dks vuqlwfpr tutkfr ds ntsZ gsrq yksdlHkk esa dbZ ckj lkalnksa }kjk eqn~nk

ds :i esa mBk;k x;k gSA

10- turkaf=d i)fr esa eS=h laca/kksa dh LFkkiuk %

tc dHkh ge eqdkcys ds fy, [kM+s gksrs gSa rc flQZ lapkj ek/;eksa] fo/kk;dksa@lkalnksa ;k iz”kklfud yksxksa rd igq¡p

cukuk dkQh ugha jgrkA fu.kkZ;dks a vkSj fu.kZ; izfØ;k dks izHkkfor djus okys vU; yksxksa rd Hkh igq¡p cukuk vkSj

vPNs laca/k dk;e djuk egRo j[krk gSA mu “kfDr dsUnzksa ds lkFk fe= Hkko vkSj fu’Bk iwoZd laca/k cukuk vkSj

muls vko”;d tkudkfj;k¡ gkfly djuk Hkh mi;ksxh pht gSA bl fn”kk esa laLFkku }kjk x+jhcksa dh i{k/kjrk] vU;k;

,oa “kks’k.k ds f[kykQ dk;Z djus okys lewgks a] vf/kdkj vk/kkfjr lewgksa ls eS=h LFkkiuk dh xbZ gSA cqUnsy[k.M ds ikBk

{ks= rFkk cqUnsy[k.M Lrjh; eqn~nksa] leL;kvks a dks ,sls lewgks a ds laKku es a ykdj vkxs c


¼2½ lrr~ lak”kZ ls cnyh pUniqjk dh rLohj

vkt+knh ds 58 o’kZ rFkk x.krU= ds

56 o’kZ i”pkr~ tgk¡ ,d vksj gekjh ljdkj

fodkl ds cMs+&cMs+ nkos dj jgh gS] ogha

nwljh vksj ns”k ds dbZ Hkkxksa dh fLFkfr vkt

Hkh vR;Ur lkspuh; gS] tks bl ckr dk

izek.k gS fd fodkl dh vf/kdre dk;Zokgh

dsoy dkxt+ksa rd gh lhfer gSA mRrj izns”k

dk cqUnsy[k.M {ks= vf/kdre fiNM+ s {ks= ds

:i esa tkuk tkrk gS] ;gh dkj.k gS fd ns”k

ds x+jhc ftyksa dks fpfUgr djrs le; ljdkj

}kjk bl {ks= ds yxHkx lHkh ftyksa dks

lfEefyr fd;k x;kA bl {ks= ds dbZ bykds vkt ljdkj }kjk fd;s tk jgs dkxt+h oknksa vkSj [kks[kyh ;kstukvksa dk

iq[rk lcwr gSA

vk/kqfud fodkl dh bl foMEcuk vkSj vlekurk dks ck¡nk ftys ds ujSuh fodkl[k.M ds pUniqjk xzke

iapk;r es a Li’V :i ls ns[kk tk ldrk gS] tgk¡ ij yksx vkt Hkh ;krukiw.kZ thou O;rhr djus ds fy;s et+cwj gSaA

jat rFkk ckxS unh ds nksvkck {ks= ds :i esa izfl) bl bykds esa pUniqjk ds vfrfjDr vkB vU; xk¡o lfEefyr

gSaA pUniqjk xzke iapk;r fodkl dh lkjh lqfo/kkvks a tSls lEidZ ekxZ] fpfdRlh; lqfo/kk] “kS{kf.kd lqfo/kk] flapkbZ ds

lk/ku] fo|qrhdj.k vkfn ls oafpr gSA jat unh ds fdukjsa cls lcls igys xk¡o pUnziqjk dh tula[;k yxHkx 1250

ds d+jhc gSA ;gk¡ ij ewy:i ls lHkh tkfr;ksa ds ifjokj leku :i ls fuokl djrs gSa] ijUrq fiNM+h tkfr rFkk

vuqlwfpr tkfr ds ifjokjksa dh la[;k lkekU; oxZ ds ifjokjksa dh la[;k ls vf/kd gSA bl {ks= dh eq[; Qly vjgj]

puk] rFkk Tokj gSA flapkbZ ds lk/kuks a ds vHkko ds dkj.k xsgw¡ rFkk /kku ftuds fy;s ;gk¡ mi;qDr Hkwfe gS] dh [ksrh

ugha dh tkrh gSA xzke okfl;ksa ds vuqlkj xkao esa falapkbZ dk ,d ek= lk/ku ifEiax lsV~l gaS] ftUgs e/; izns”k dh

lhek ls yxs iM+ksl ds xk¡o ls 28 ls 30 #i;s izfr yhVj feV~Vh ds rsy ds }kjk pyk;k tkrk gS] ij flapkbZ dk

;g lk/ku vko”;drkuqlkj i;kZIr ugha gSA

ljdkj dh xfrfof/k;ksa dk iq[rk izek.k bl xzke iapk;r esa ekStwn gSA lqJh ek;korh ds “kklu dky esa ;g

vEcsMdj xzke kksf’kr gqvk vkSj blds i”pkr~ Jh eqyk;e flag th dh ljdkj ds nkSjku bls lexz xzke fodkl dk

nt+kZ Hkh izkIr gSA gSjr dh ckr ;g gS] fd bu lcds ckotwn Hkh bl xk¡o esa vkt rd fctyh ugha igq¡ph vkSj u

gh xk¡o rd igq¡pus ds fy;s dksbZ iDdk lEidZ ekxZ gSA xk¡o rd igq¡pus esa lcls cM+h ck/kk jat unh gS] ftl ij

dksbZ jiVk rd ugha cuk gS vkSj bldks iSny gh ikj djuk iM+rk gSa xk¡o ds vkl&ikl 4&5 fdeh0 rd dksbZ Hkh

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

16


iDdk lEidZ ekxZ ugha gSA cjlkr ds fnuksa esa bl xk¡o dk lEidZ vU; lHkh txgksa ls VwV tkrk gS vkSj xk¡o ds yksx

xk¡o esa gh d+Sn gks tkrs gSaA iM+ksl dk ,d xkao egksjNk] tks bl iapk;r dk ,d etjk gS vkSj ftldh nwjh rdjhcu

1 ls 1-5 fdeh0 rd gS] cjlkr ds fnukas esa bl xk¡o rd igq¡pus ds fy;s e/; izns”k dh lhek ls gksrs gq;s 5 fdeh0

dh nwjh r; djuh iM+rh gSA xzke okfl;ks a ds vuqlkj muds }kjk “kgj ls tqM+h gqbZ xfrfof/k;k¡ cjlkr vkus ls igys

gh iwjh dj yh tkrh gSa] vkSj ;fn fQj Hkh cjlkr ds fnuksa esa “kgj ls tqM+k dksbZ vko”;d dke iM+rk gS] rks 13

fdeh0 dk yEck ekxZ r; djds tkuk iM+rk gSA

xk¡o esa f”k{kk dh O;oLFkk ds vkHkko ds dkj.k ukSfugkyks a dk Hkfo’; [k+rjs esa gSA xk¡o esa ek= ,d izkbejh

fo|ky; gS] ftldk fuekZ.k lu~ 1959&60 es a gqvk Fkk] vkt ;g Hkou ,dne ttZj voLFkk esa gS vkSj cPps Hkou

ds ckgj cSBdj f”k{kk xzg.k djrs gSaA fo|ky; dh pgkjnhokjh ns[k&js[k ds vHkko ds dkj.k iwjh rjg ls /oLr gks

pqdh gSA d{kk ik¡p ds ckn cPpksa dks xk¡o ds ckgj

nwljs xk¡o ugjh vFkok cM+SbNk ds fo|ky;ksa es a nkf[k+yk unh esa Mwc&mrjk jgk loZf’k{kk vfHk;ku

ysuk iM+rk gS vkSj unh ikj djds f”k{kk xzg.k djus

d{kk ik¡p ds ckn cPpksa dks xk¡o ds ckgj nwljs xk¡o

tkuk iM+rk gSA o’kkZ ds vf/kdka”k eghuksa es a unh esa

ikuh dh ek=k vf/kd gksus ds dkj.k] bldks iSny ikj ugjh vFkok cM+ SbNk ds fo|ky;ksa esa nkf[k+yk ysuk

djuk vlEHko gksrk gS] vkSj xk¡o ds gksugkj cPpksa

dks foo”krko”k viuh i


gSa] rFkk }kfjdk izlkn th tks fd iwoZ iz/kku gSa] ijkxhyky fo|k/kke lfefr ds iz;kl %&

crkrs gSa] fd fiNys 40&50 o’kksZ a ls bl xk¡o

es dksbZ Hkh cM+k vf/kdkjh ugha vk;k] pquko ds • xzkeh.kksa dk 11 fnuksa dk Øfed miokl dk

igys dsoy izR;k”kh vk tkrs gSa] vkSj thrus ds lekiu] iz’kklu us lHkh ekaxs ekuh & 14 uoEcj]

ckn oks Hkh “kDy fn[kkus ugha vkrsA vkt+knh ds 04

i”pkr~ bl xk¡o es a fodkl ds uke ij ek= • fodkl dk;Z gq;s ijUrq pUniqjk vNwrk jg x;k A

iapk;r Hkou dk fuekZ.k] fpfdRlky; dk fuekZ.k • 7 fnolh; tutkx:drk in;k=k & 18 ls 24

rFkk ,Dlpsat dk fuekZ.k gqvk] ij vkt dh vDVwcj] 05

rkjh[k+ es a lHkh ttZj voLFkk es a cUn iM+s gq;s • leL;kvksa dk ladyu

gSaA xk¡o okyks a ds vuqlkj bl {ks= dh 200 • {ks=h; yksxksa o dk;ZdrkZvksa dh fujUrj cSBdsa o

,dM+ tehu dh feV~Vh xsgw¡ rFkk /kku dh Qly

ppkZA

ds fy;s cgqr vPNh gS] ij flapkbZ ds lk/ku ds

• nks fnolh; i=dkj Hkze.k & 5 o 6 tuojh] 06

vHkko ds dkj.k budh [ksrh ugha gks ikrh gSA

• lekpkj i=ksa }kjk leL;kvksa dk izdk’ku A

bu lcds vykok cjlkr ds fnuksa es a bl dSn

• eq[;ea=h dks i= drju lfgr i= & 18 tuojh]

:ih xk¡o es unh dh =klnh ds dkj.k xzkeh.kksa

06

dks jkrsa tkxdj fcrkuh iM+rh gSaA xk¡o okyksa ds

• x.kra= fnol ij djry esa jk”Vª/ot ds uhps d#.k

vuqlkj bu lc lqfo/kkvksa ds vHkko ds dkj.k

foyki o jk”Vªifr dks Kkiu & 26 tuojh] 06

vU; txgks a ds yksx bl xk¡o esa viuh csfV;k¡

• vk;qDr dks i= o in;k=k dh tkudkjh&

C;kgus ls drjkrs gSaA xk¡o ds yM+dks dh “kkfn;k¡

2 Qjojh] 06

djus esa ifjokjtuksa dks dkQh eqf”dyksa dk

• iz’kklu dh ldkjkRed igy dk bUrtkj A

lkeuk djuk iM+rk gS] ;k rks fQj yM+ds dq¡okjs

• lR;kxzg izkjEHk & ugjh ls ckank dh vksj &

gh jg tkrs gSaA

15 Qjojh] 06

bu lkjh lqfo/kkvksa ds vHkko ds pyrs

• lR;kxzgh ckank igqaps & 17 Qjojh] 06

bl xk¡o ds yksx ,d ;krukiw.kZ thou O;rhr

• pUniqjk lR;kxzg e.My Lrjh; lR;kxzg esa rCnhyA

djus dks foo”k gSaA }okck {ks= ds ukS xk¡oksa esa

• e.My Lrj ds tulaxBuksa ,oa laLFkkvksa dh

pUniqjk xk¡o jat unh ds fdukjs clk lcls

HkkxhnkjhA

igyk xk¡o rFkk lcls lehi dk xk¡o gS] vkSj

• ckank dh laLFkkvksa }kjk lR;kxzfg;ksa dk vfHkuUnu

tc bl xk¡o dh fLFkfr bruh n;uh; rFkk

,oa lg;ksx A

lkspuh; gS] rc vU; vkB xkaoksa ds thou dh

• vk;qDr ds le{k /kjuk A

dYiuk djus dk vuqeku gh vR;Ur jksxVsa

• vk;qDr ds lkFk okrkZ o vk;qDr dk vk’oklu A

[kM+s dj nsus okyk vuqHko gSA

• {ks= ifj;kstuk funs’kd o [k.M fodkl vf/kdkjh

pUniqjk xk¡o ds yksx tgk¡ ,slh thou

dk Hkze.k & 22 Qjojh] 06

=kln thou th jgs gSa ogha ujSuh esa ;qok

• miftykf/kdkjh dk {ks= Hkze.k & 28 Qjojh] 06

lkekftd dk;ZdrkZvksa dk ,d ny ijkxhyky

• ftykf/kdkjh dk Hkze.k & 2 ekpZ] 06

18

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS


fo|k/kke lfefr ds uke ds lkFk xjhcksa o nfyrksa ds iSjoh o gdnkjh gsrq lak’kZ”khy gSa A ;g nksuksa kVuk;sa lekUrj

:i ls py jgh gS a A pUniqjk ds dqN tkx:d xzkeh.kksa us tc lfefr ds iz;klksa dks tkuk lquk] rc mUgks aus lfefr

dk;ZdrkZvksa ls feydj viuh O;Fkk dg Mkyh A dk;ZdrkZ nzfor gq,] mUgksus xzkeh.kks a ds lak’kZ dks viuk lak’kZ cuk

fy;k vkSj muds lkFk gks fy;sA

14 uoEcj] 2004 ls djry cl LVS.M esa pyk;s tk jgs Øfed miokl dks lekIr djokus esa ftyk

iz”kklu us lHkh ek¡xs ekuh tkus dk vk”oklu fn;k Fkk ml vk”oklu ds ckn iaqxjh iqy] duk; dh lM+d rks cu

gkFkksa esa r[rh cSuj fy, Hkh[k ugha

vf/kdkj pkfg,] etnwj dks viuk dke

pkfg,] xjhc xk¡o esa jksrs gSa] vQlj kj esa lksrs

gSa] VwV&QwV dh cckZnh ls] {ks= cpkvks&{ks=

cpkvks tSls xxu Hksnh ukjksa ds lkFk ck¡nk izLFkku

fd fy, xk¡o&xk¡o ls mrjk tu lSykc mRrj

izns’k dks mRre izns’k cukus okyh ljdkj ds

nkoksa esa rekpk lk tM+ jgk FkkA

x;h Fkh] f”k{kk LokLF; dh fLFkfr esa Hkh lq/kkj ds iz;kl

fd;s x;s Fks fdUrq iqdkjh ls pUniqjk lEidZ ekxZ]

izkFkfed LokLF; dsUnzks dh fLFkfr lexz fodkl esa p;fur

xk¡o dh nqnZ”kk dks Bhd djus esa dksbZ izxfr ugha gqbZ

cfYd reke ljdkjh ;kstukvksa esa Hkz’Vkpkj c


lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

20


as

fnuk¡d 2 Qjojh 2006 rd iz”kklu dh vksj ls

dksbZ ldkjkRed igy ugha gqbZA rc iqu% vk;qDr egksn; dks

,d i= fy[kdj izkFkZuk dh x;h fd ge yksx yxkrkj yksd

fgrdkjh ek¡xksa dks ysdj “kklu&iz”kklu dk /;ku vkd`’V

djkrs vk jgs gS aA vc rd ges a dksbZ ifj.kke ugha feyk

gekjs iqjkus ek¡x i= jn~nh dh Vksdjh es a Mkys x;s gSaA vUr

ftykf/kdkjh ds vkns’k %&

• lfpo dk fuyEcu

• dksVsnkj dk dksVk fujLr o mlds

f[kykQ ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- ds vkns’k

esa ck/; gksdj jk’Vªfirk egkRek xk¡/kh rFkk iz[kj fpUrd Mk0 yksfg;k ds crk;s ekxZ ij py iM+s gS aA ;fn 14 Qjojh

rd dksbZ lUrks’k tud lek/kku ugha feyk rks 15 Qjojh dks xzke iapk;r ugjh ls {ks=h; efgyk&iq#’kksa dk lR;kxzkgh

tRFkk ck¡nk iSny izLFkku djsxkA 14 Qjojh rd Hkh iz”kklu dh vksj ls dksbZ ldkjkRed igy ugh gqbZ rks 15 Qjojh

2006 dks djry {ks= ds ntZuksa xk¡oksa ds “kksf’kr] ihfM+r 500 HkqDrHkksfx;ksa dk tRFkk “kklu&iz”kklu rFkk tuizfrfuf/

k;ksa ds mis{kk ds fo#) lR;kxzg tRFkk ugjh ls ck¡nk fudy iM+kA gkFkksa es a r[rh cSuj fy, ^^Hkh[k ugha vf/kdkj

pkfg,] etnwj dks viuk dke pkfg,**] ^^xjhc xk¡o esa jksrs gSa] vQlj kj es a lksrs gSa**] ^^VwV&QwV dh cckZnh ls]

{ks= cpkvks&{ks= cpkvks** tSls xxu Hksnh ukjksa ds lkFk ck¡nk izLFkku fd;kA xk¡o&xk¡o ls mrjk tu lSykc mRrj izns”k

dks mRre izns”k cukus okyh ljdkj ds nkoksa es a rekpk lk tM+ jgk FkkA chp&chp esa tulHkkvksa xhrksa dk Hkh vk;kstu

gqvkA izFke fnu esa ugjh ls txg&txg lHkk;sa djrs gq, 30 fd0eh0 pydj nsojkj igq¡psA nsojkj okfl;ks a us lHkh

lR;kxzfg;ksa ds vkokl vkSj Hkkstu dk izcU/k fd;kA nwljs fnu izkr% 9 cts ck¡nk dh vksj nsojkj ls iqu% jokuk gq,]

lR;kxzgh ftl xk¡o ls xqtjrs Fks ml xk¡o ds yksx Hkh budh O;Fkk lqu mlesa a lqj ls lqj feyk] viuk leFkZu nsdj

os Hkh lkFk esa cksyrs FksA ckalh] nsojkj] fxjok¡] cMks[kj] frUnokjk ds xzke iz/kkuksa us txg&txg ij lR;kxzfg;ksa dk

Lokxr dj lHkh dk eukscy c


egksn; us vius psEcj esa cqykdj

miyfC/k;k¡ &

lR;kxzfg;ks a ds izfrfuf/k;ks a ls viuh leL;k

• pUniqjk xk¡o ds 12 gS.MiEiksa dh ejEer rFkk 2 dk fjcksj

j[kus ,oa okil tkus dks dgkA ijUrq

djk;k x;kA

lR;kxzfg;ksa ds izfrfuf/k;ksa }kjk vk;qDr

• izkFkfed fo|ky; ds lHkh cPpksa dks Msªl forfjr fd;k x;kA

egksn; ls viuh ckr dgus ij vfMx

• lHkh xk¡oksa esas LokLF; Vhe cukdj Vhdkdj.k djk;k x;kA

jgus ds dkj.k lk;a 3 cts vk;qDr

• v/kwjs iM+s bUnzk vkoklksa dks iw.kZ djk;k x;kA

egksn; dk le; feykA laosnu”khy ,oa

• ys[kikyksa dh Vhe xfBr dj dCtk ls oafpr ifjokjksa dh

lkekftd ljksdkjks a ds izfr lefiZr vk;qDr

tehuksa dh uki dj nh x;hA

egksn; us pkjksa ftyksa ls vk;s gq,

• ftykf/kdkjh }kjk pUniqjk xk¡o esa 1 twfu;j gkbZ Ldwy] 1

lR;kxzfg;ksa ls ,d&,d dj leL;kvksa

LokLF; dsUnz Hkou] iqdkjh ls pUniqjk lEidZ ekxZ] usk rFkk vko”;d dk;Zokgh

pUniqjk lEidZ ekxZ dks ‘khkz cuok;s tkus dh kks”k.kk dh

ds rRdky funsZ”k Hkh fn;s rFkk pkjksa

x;h A

ftyksa esa leL;k ihfM+r xk¡o esa

tulquokb;k¡ vk;ksftr djus dh rkjh[k

orZeku fLFkfr &

• iqdkjh ls pUniqjk lEidZ ekxZ dk fuekZ.k gks pqdk gS A

Hkh lqfuf”pr dhA ftldk vc rd dbZ

¼yxHkx #0 2 djksM+½

ftyksa es a Qkyksvi Hkh gks pqdk gSA

• us


6- ftykf/kdkjh }kjk pUniqjk xk¡o esa 1 twfu;j gkbZ Ldwy] 1 LokLF; dsUnz Hkou] iqdkjh ls pUniqjk lEidZ ekxZ]

us fy;k tkrk gS fd vf/kdkj dksbZ

,slh pht gS ftUgsa fn;k tkrk gSA tcfd vf/kdkj ,slh pht gS ftudk nkok fd;k tkrk gS] ftuds

fy, ekax dh tkrh gS vkSj ftudk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA

,Moks sdslh ¼iSjoh½ dk mi;ksx vf/kdkjks a dk nkok djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk ¼,Moksdslh “kCn ySfVu

gS

gS ftldk vFkZ gS vkokt+ dks c


¼3½ ncaxks ds dCts ls eqDr gqvk xka/kh vkJe

o’kZ 1957&58 es a xka/kh vkJe tSriqj dh LFkkiuk gq;h vkSj xka/kh th ds liuksa ds vuqlkj gh ogka [kknh

m|ksx dk dk;Z izkjEHk gqvkA oSls rks ns[kk tk;s rks [kknh m|ksx dk dke ns”k es a fofHkUu LFkkuks a ij fofHkUu izdkj ls

gksrk vk jgk gS] ijUrq viuh “kq)rk vkSj lQkbZ ds dkj.k tSriqj dh [kknh lewps ns”k esa viuh ,d vyx gh igpku

cuk yh FkhA ;gk¡ ds dkjhxjksa ds vuq:i gh [kknh iguus okyk ukxfjd lq[kn vuqHko djrk Fkk] bruk gh ugha ;gk¡

ds O;olkf;d dkjhxjksa dh dk;Zdq”kyrk dks ns[kus o xk¡o es a gks jgh drkbZ] cqukbZ] /kqukbZ] jaxkbZ vkfn dks ns[kus gsrq

ns”k ds dksus&dksus lss yksx vk;k djrs FksA ;g xka/kh vkJe 7000 yksxkasa dh thfodk dk vk/kkj Fkk] ysfdu tSls&tSls

vkJe dk dke c


a

vfu;ferrkvksa dk xka/kh vkJe ds bfrgkl esa u;k nkSj izkjEHk gqvkA ea=h dk dgj etnwjksa ds Åij VwVuk izkjEHk

gqvkA izfrfnu dh xkyh&xykSt] ekj lgus dks etnwj etcwj gks x;sA ;fn dHkh dksbZ vkokt mBkrk Hkh rks cUnwd dh

uky m/kj gh kwe tkrhA 2000 #i;s osru ikus okys O;fDr ds pkjks a vksj ikap&ikap canwd/kkjh xkMZ pyus yxsA cqudjksa

ds cuk;s gq;s diM+s tcjnLrh vkJe esa j[kok ysrk vkSj FkksM+k

cgqr iSlk nsdj Hkxk fn;k tkrk Fkk] dqN dgus ij etnwjksa dks

,d #i;s Hkh ugha izkIr gks ikrk FkkA og ea=h vkJe es a dke dj

jgh efgykvksa ls vkJe dk ugha kj dk dke djokus yxkA

vkJe esa efgykvksa ds lkFk xkyh&xykSt djrk vkSj etnwjh Hkh

dkV ysrkA vkJe esa dke dj jgs etnwjksa@efgykvksa us ;g Hkh

ekuuh; Jh xksiky HkkbZ dks fnuk¡d 04-06-

2005 dks egksck vkus gsrq vkeaf=r fd;k]

ftlesa ekuuh; xksiky HkkbZ o Jh Hkkjr

Mksxjk th us tSriqj dk Hkze.k fd;k lkFk gh

cqudjksa ds lkFk cSBdj vkJe ds laca/k esa

foLr`r :i ls ppkZ dh] ftlesa cqudjksa us

viuh O;Fkk crkus esa f>>d ugha dh] mUgksaus

vius nq[kksa dks lquus le>kus okyk igyh

ckj ns[kk Fkk A

pj[ks “kwU; iM+ x;s] lHkh ds psgjksa dh [kqf”k;ka pyh x;h vkSj

dqN fnuks a ckn cqudj Hkq[kejh] csjkstxkjh ds dkj.k ns”k&izns”k

iyk;u djus dks foo”k gks x;sA b/kj tSriqj ds uke ls [kknh

fujUrj “kgjksa esa fcdrh jgh] ysfdu [kknh ;gk¡ curh ugha Fkh ;s

yqVsjs [kknh dgha vkSj ls ykrs vkSj eqgj tSriqj dh yxkdj “kks:eksa

esa csprs jgs rFkk euekus d ugha dh] mUgks aus

vius nq[kksa dks lquus le>kus okyk igyh ckj ns[kk FkkA “kk;n

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

crk;k fd vkJe es voS/k :i ls diM+k cxSj bUVªh fd;s

ckgj cktkj esa Hkh tkrk jgk ijUrq cscl] ykpkj] etnwj djrs

D;k] cl VqdVqdh yxk;s vius gkFkksa dh esgur dks tkrk ns[krs

jgrs vkSj /khjs&/khjs dj vkJe ds lHkh dke cUn gks x;s] lHkh

ABSSS

25


a

s

a

a

a

blhfy;s cqudjks us vius gkFkksa ls cuk;s diM+ksa dks

fn[kk;kA vius cUn iM+ pj[kksa dks fn[kk;k lkFk gh

v#.kksn; laLFkku ds iz;kl

drkbZ dk dke dj jgh efgykvksa us viuh vki

chrh crkbZA

fnuk¡d 04-06-2005 dks gh vfrfFk;ks us

cqudjksa ls lEcfU/kr nks xkaoks esa tSriqj vkSj cq/kkSjk

dk Hkze.k fd;k vkSj lkjh dFkk O;Fkk dks tkuk

le>kA ;gk¡ ls tkus ds ckn ekuuh; Jh Hkkjr Mksxjk

th o Jh xksiky HkkbZ th us vius&vius Lrj ij bu

leL;kvksa dks izdkf”kr fd;k] laLFkkid th us ^xk¡o

dh vksj* esa Nkik] rks Mksxjk th us fnYyh ds lqizfl)

lekpkj i=ksa ¼lgkjk le;] tulRrk] xzkl:V½ ds

lkFk&lkFk] i=kpkj ds ek/;e ls iz”kklu dks voxr

djk;k] ftlls iz”kklu dk Hkh /;ku tqykgksa dh vksj

vk;sA b/kj v#.kksn; laLFkku us cqudjksa dks txkus

dk dke djuk izkjEHk j[kk rkfd os vkseizdk”k ea=h

tSls nfjans ls kcjk;s ugha vkSj lkgl cuk;s j[ksaA

fnuk¡d 14-06-2005 dks laLFkku dk;ZdrkZ us cqudjksa










ofj”B i=dkj Jh Hkkjr Mksxjk o laLFkku ds

laLFkkid Jh xksiky HkkbZ dk Hkze.k & 04-06-05

cqudjksa dh leL;kvksa dk ns’k ds izeq[k lekpkj

i=ksa o xk¡o dh vksj esa izdk’ku & o”kZ 2005

fpuxkjh laxBu dk xBu & 14-06-05

e.Myk;qDr dks Kkiu & 28-06-05

e.Myk;qDr ds lkFk cSBd & 29-06-05

laLFkkid th o v:.kksn; izfrfuf/k }kjk vkJe

ds bykgkckn dk;kZy; esa lEidZ & 12-07-05

fpuxkjh laxBu ds }kjk vkJe ds izknsf’kd o

dsUnzh; dk;kZy; ds lkFk i=kpkj

izknsf’kd dk;kZy; }kjk vkse izdk’k feJk dks

ineqfDr dk vkns’k A

xka/kh vkJe iqu% [kqyk & vDVwcj] 2005

dh lkewfgd cSBd cqyk;h] ftlesa ,d fpuxkjh laxBu dk xBu fd;kA ftles Jherh js[kkjkuh v/;{k] Jherh

csVhckbZ dks’kk/;{k] Jh iUuhyky lfpo] lfgr ckjsyky th] Jh y[kuyky] Jh lq[kyky] Jh nsohnhu] Hkxokunkl]

eqUukyky] /kuhjke] ij”kqjke] euhjke] jkeLo:i] dkywjke] ckcwyky] Jherh “kkUrh ckbZ] Jherh lhek vkfn lnL;

vpkud Qsjcny ds ckotwn Hkh cqudj vius

ladYi ls ugha fMxs vkSj tks tSlk Fkk mlh

gkyr esa py fn;kA ml le; efgykvksa dh

[kq’kh ns[krs cu jgh Fkh ,d efgyk ds

vkokt yxkus ij 20 efgyk;sa ,df=r gks

x;h A

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ds :i esa lkeus vk;s vkSj lkewfgd :i ls tu vkUnksyu dh

rS;kjh dh xbZA lkFk gh lkewfgd :i ls ekuuh; ftykf/kdkjh gsrq

Kkiu rS;kj fd;k x;kA vkUnksyu ds lapkyu gsrq Lo;a lgk;rk

lewg dh efgykvksa us Hkkx ysus dh rS;kjh dh A ;g fu;kstu rS;kj

fd;k fd fnuk¡d 28-06-05 dks ftykf/kdkjh dks Kkiu fn;k

tk;sxk@ijUrq bl ckr dh tkudkjh ea=h vkseizdk”k dks gks x;hA

ea=h us ,d fnu igys ls gh viuk tky egksck esa fcNk fy;kA

mlus bruh rS;kjh dj yh fd cqudj leqnk; dk tRFkk dysDVs ªV rd u ig¡qp ik;sA tc laLFkku izeq[k dks bl ckr

dh tkudkjh gq;h vkSj fo”oluh; lw=ksa us gksus okyh kVuk ls voxr djk;k rks laLFkku dk;ZdrkZ lkfFk;ksa us rqjUr

viuk fu;kstu cnyk vkSj rhu thika s dks r; fd;kA vpkud Qsjcny ds ckotwn Hkh cqudj vius ladYi ls ugha

fMxs vkSj tks tSlk Fkk mlh gkyr esa py fn;kA ml le; efgykvks a dh [kq”kh ns[krs cu jgh FkhA ,d efgyk ds vkokt

yxkus ij 20 efgyk;sa ,df=r gks x;h vkSj cxSj dgs xkM+h ij cSB x;hA rhuks a xkfM+;k¡ tc tSriqj ls ckank dh vksj

jokuk gq;h lHkh us vius&vius nsoh nsorkvksa ls vusd izdkj dh eUurs ekaxh vkSj iqdkjrs gq, dgk fd izHkq ! bl

nfjUns ls vkJe eqDr djkvksA xkM+h esa cSBh lHkh efgyk;sa izkFkZuk djrh gq;h ckank igqaphA ckank esa LFkkuh; fizUV ehfM;k

vkSj bysDVªkfud ehfM;k dks cqykdj cqudjksa dh vki chrh ehfM;k ds lkeus j[kh x;h A cl D;k Fkk ehfM;k us Hkh

ABSSS

26


l eqn~ns dks izkFkfedrk nh vkSj 11 cts v”kksd dh ykV ls dfe”ujh dk;kZy; rd cqudjks a dk tRFkk iSny pydj

igq ¡pkA 12-30 cts e.Myk;qDr Jh fot;”kadj ik.Ms; us lHkh cqudjksa dh ihM+k lquh vkSj ekeys dks xEHkhjrk ls

ysrs gq, nwljs fnu gh 29-6-05 dks vkse izdk”k feJk ,oa cqudj leqnk; ls nks izfrfuf/k;ksa dks okrkZ gsrq vkeaf=r

fd;k A

29-06-05 dks vkse izdk”k feJk fu/kkZfjr le; ij vius leFkZdksa lfgr dfef”ujh dk;kZy; igq ¡psA ;gk¡

csykrky ls 3 cqudj iUuhyky] ckjsyky] lq[kyky Hkh dfef”ujh dk;kZy; igq¡psA 12-00 cts e.Myk;qDr egksn;

us nksuks a i{kksa dks cqyokdj ckrs lquhA ,d vksj tgk¡ vkse izdk”k

feJk vius leFkZdksa ds lkFk c


x;kA ;gk¡ fpuxkjh laxBu vkSj bykgkckn dk;kZy; nksuksa vksj ls izknsf”kd dk;kZy; ,oa dsUnzh; dk;kZy; es a i=kpkj

esa xfr iznku dj nh x;hA lkFk gh bykgkckn dh izcU/k dk;Zdkfj.kh esa csykrky ds cqudjks a ds leFkZu esa y[kuÅ

esa /kjuk izn”kZu dh /kedh Hkh ns MkyhA izknsf”kd dk;kZy; us Hkh ekeys dks xEHkhjrk ls ysrs gq, oS/kkfud izfØ;k ds

vUrxZr vkse izdk”k feJk dks in eqDr djds Jh fo”oukFk flag dks xka/kh vkJe dk u;k ea=h cuk;kA

vDVwcj 2005 ls xka/kh vkJe iqu% [kqy x;k gS vkSj iqjkuh izfØ;k ls ysunsu Hkh pkyw gks x;k gSA

/khjs&/khjs cqudj ifjokj blls tqM+rs tk jgs gS o mudh vkthfodk dks /khjs & /khjs ,d LFkkbZ vk/kkj feyrk tk jgk

gSA blh Øe esa vc rd dqy 800 ifjokj vkJe ls tqM+dj viuh jksth&jksVh pyk jgs gSa] ftues a ls 200 ifjokj

vuqlwfpr tkfr] tutkfr o fiNM+k oxZ ls gSa muesa Hkh 45 ifjokjksa dh efgyk,a laLFkku }kjk lapkfyr Lo;a lgk;rk

lewgksa dh lfØ; lnL;k gSa ftUgksaus vkJe dks eqDr djkus ds lak’kZ esa egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkbZ gSA

D;k gks ldrk gS iSjoh ls %

• iSjoh ds tfj, t:jr iM+us ij uhfr;k¡ cukbZ tk ldrh gSaA

• iSjoh ls uqdlkunsg vkSj vizHkkoh uhfr;ksa es a cnyko yk;k tk

ldrk gSA

• iSjoh ds ek/;e ls uhfr;ks a ds csgrj fØ;kUo;u ds fy, lq>ko fn;s

tk ldrs gSa] tks gekjs v/;;uksa vkSj vuqHkoks a ij vk/kkfjr gksaxsA

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

28


¼4½ lak”kZ ls iRFkj dks lksus es a cnyk

xjhch js[kk ls Åij mBus o Hkw[k ls cpus ds fy, 15 vkfnoklh ifjokjks a dks iFkjhyh Hkwfe ds cnys d`f’k

;ksX; Hkwfe nsdj laosnu”khy ijxuk eftLVªsV us ,frgkfld dk;Z fd;k gSA ns”k esa ,sls gh jpukRed iz;klksa ls xjhch

nwj dh tk ldrh gSA

Cykd eM+kojk dh 13 xzke iapk;rks a ds 42 etjksa es a cqUnsy[k.M lsok laLFkku xjhc vkfnokfl;ksa nfyrksa ds

chp dk;Z dj jgk gSA bl {ks= esa lokZf/kd “kksf’kr] ihfM+r lgfj;k xksaM+ vkfnoklh ,oa gfjtu leqnk; gSaA fiNM+h tkfr

ds Hkh ifjokj ;Fkk


tk ldrk gS A ,slh fLFkfr es a vius ikl tehu gksrs gq, Hkh bu xzkeh.kksa dks Hkj.k&iks’k.k gsrq ;gk¡ ds ncaxks a ds ;gk¡

etnwjh djuh iM+rh gS o muds “kks’k.k dk f”kdkj gksuk iM+rk gSA xzkeh.kks a dh bu leL;kvksa dks tkuus] le>us ds

ckn laLFkku us vius vFkd iz;kl ds QyLo:i xzke iapk;rks a esa d`f’k ;ksX; Hkwfe uEcj [kkstuk izkjEHk fd;k rFkk

ys[kikyks a ls lEidZ lk/kkA miftykf/kdkjh dks ihfM+r ds izfr lEosfnr fd;k x;k A laLFkku dk ekuuk Fkk fd

;fn lQyrk feyh rks xjhc xjhch js[kk ls ges”kk&ges”kk ds fy, Åij mB ldrk gSA orZeku iFkjhyh Hkwfe ls d`f’k

;ksX; Hkwfe fnykuk cgqr dfBu dk;Z gSA gt+kjksa #i;s [kpZ djuk vkSj vnkyr ds pDdj yxkuk] fQj Hkh t:jh ugha

fd d`f’k ;ksX; Hkwfe fey gh tk;sA ;fn tehu fey tk;s rks dCtk vklkuh ls ugha fey ldrk gSA lhjksu U;k; iapk;r

ds vUrxZr filukjh xzke iapk;r ds 5 lgfj;k vkfnoklh ifjokjksa dks cqUnsy[k.M lsok laLFkku }kjk iwoZ esa iV~Vk

,oa dCtk fnyok;k tk pqdk gS] ijUrq Hkwfe iFkjhyh] vlery ,oa ÅcM&[kkcM gksus ds dkj.k cht Hkh okil ugh

fey ikrk Fkk A bl lUnHkZ es a lgfj;k vkfnoklh ifjokjksa dh ges”kk f”kdk;r jgrh Fkh grsa Hkwfe feyus dk dksbZ Qk;nk

ugha fey jgkA bl f”kdk;r ds vk/kkj ij cqUnsy[k.M lsok laLFkku }kjk Hkwfe gLrkUrj.k gsrq okn vijftykf/kdkjh

egksn; ds ;gk¡ nk;j fd;k x;kA ijUrq fu.kZ; es a foyEc gks jgk FkkA

cqUnsy[k.M lsok laLFkku us vijftykf/kdkjh egksn; dks {ks= Hkze.k ,oa tu leL;kvksa ds lek/kku gsrq

cqyk;k x;kA bl volj ij lgfj;k vkfnokfl;ksa ds nnZ dks j[kk x;kA laosnu”khy ,oa x+jhc leFkZd vijftykf/

kdkjh egksn; us bldks xEHkhjrk ls fy;k rFkk laLFkku dk;ZdrkZ ,oa HkqDrHkksfx;ksa dks lkFk ysdj dk;kZy; esa vkus dks

dgkA 28 Qjojh] 2006 dks laLFkku dk;ZdrkZ ,oa lgfj;k vkfnoklh vf/kdkjh egksn; ds dk;kZy; igq¡psA

vijftykf/kdkjh egksn; us rRdky ,d odhy dh lgk;rk ysdj 5 ifjokjksa dks d`f’k ;ksX; Hkwfe iznku dhA o’kksZ&o’kksZ

pyus okyh d+kuwuh izfØ;k dks ek= dqN fnuksa esa lek/kku ns nsuk] fu%lansg ekuoh; laosnuk ,oa lkekftd leFkZ ân;

gh dj ldrk gSA ;g fu.kZ; fu%lansg] x+jhc lgfj;k vkfnokfl;ksa ds fy, ,d ehy dk iRFkj lkfcr gqvk gS A vkt

5 lgfj;k ifjokj LFkk;h vkthfodk ls tqM+dj vius&vius [ksrksa d`f’k dk;Z dj jgs gS a A

18 Qjojh 2006 dks Hkwfe VªkUlQj ij tehu ikus okys ifjokj

Ø0 uke firk dk uke tkfr xk¡o jdok

1 ekjksn Buqok pekj filukjh 110@2fe0@0-809 gs0

2 “kkeyk jYyh lgfj;k filukjh 188@14fe0@0445 gs0

3 gjtqvk ‘;keyk lgfj;k filukjh 326@3fe0@0-572 gs0

4 jkek [kjxk lgfj;k filukjh 21@4@05fe0@0445 gs0

21@6@21fe0@0-611 gs0

21@6@21fe0@0-607 gs0

5 gjik dyqok lgfj;k filukjh 74@0 fe0@0-894 gs0

dqy 4-383 gs0 ¼10 ,dM+½

ljdkjh ewY; 500000-00 #i;s

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

30


xzke lksYnk ¼mYnuka [kqnZ iapk;r½ Hkwfe VªkalQj ds eqdneksa

dk fooj.k

U;k;ky; miftykf/kdkjh egjkSuh] yfyriqj

Ø0la0 eqdnek ua0 uke vkjkth ua0 jdok ¼gs0esa½

1 52@2003&04 Jh rqylhjke vkfn cuke xzke lHkk rcknyk 56@10 0-931

55@4 0-206

85@10 0-725

2 54@2003&04 Jh iIiw vkfn cuke xk¡o lHkk rcknyk 35@27 0-235

63 fe0 0-283

3 55@2003&04 Jh rqylh cuke xk¡o lHkk rcknyk 44@10 0-235

57 fe0 0-437

4 56@2003&04 Jh yYyw cuke xk¡o lHkk rcknyk 137 1-619

63 fe0 2-170

5 57@2003&04 Jh tkudh vkfn cuke xk¡o lHkk rcknyk 351@6 1-214

63 fe0 1-215

400 fe0 0-403

6 58@2003&04 Jh pqUuh vkfn cuke xk¡o lHkk rcknyk 137@3fe0 1-619

63 fe0 2-104

7 59@2003&04 Jh lqdyky vkfn cuke xk¡o lHkk rcknyk 19@9 0-607

400 fe0 0-729

8 37@2004&05 Jh gjhjke vkfn cuke xk¡o lHkk rcknyk 35@15 0-405

35@17 0-202

57 fe0 0-607

9 38@2004&05 Jh eqUuk vkfn cuke xk¡o lHkk rcknyk 137@3 fe0 1-619

400 fe0 0-102

63 fe0 2-004

10 39@2004&05 Jh gYdkbZ vkfn cuke xk¡o lHkk rcknyk 35@11 0-801

57 fe0 0-801

lksYnk xk¡o lgfj;k vkfnokfl;ksa dk xk¡o gSA ogk¡ Hkh 10 o’kZ iwoZ iFkjhyh Hkwfe ds iV~Vs dj fn;s x;s FksA

laLFkku ds iz;kl vkSj fujUrj iSjoh djrs gq, 8 ekg yx x;kA 30 viSzy 2005 dks ijxuk eftLVªsV U;k;ky;

ds fu.kZ; ls lgfj;k vkfnoklh izlUu gS a] thou [kq”kgkyh ls thus dh mEehn txh gSA

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

31


¼5½ xk¡o ds lkr fdlkuks a dks QthZ _.k ls eqfDr feyh

cqUnsy[k.M dk viuk nnZ gS] cqUnsy[k.M tgk¡ fiNys ikap lkyksa ls lw[ks dh ekj >sy jgs ikBk es a cckZnh

dk vkye fonHkZ ls de nnZukd ugha gS A ;gka ds fdlku Hkh _.k tky esa Qaldj [kqndq”kh djus dks etcwj gks jgs

gSa A fiNys nks o’kZ esa ikap fdlku viuh thou yhyk lekIr dj pqds gSa A bl lky vc rd ikBk ls yxHkx


ikap o’kksZ a ds lw[ks dk gky ;g gS fd nks lkS chkk

ds fdlku dk thou Lrj fdlh ekewyh lh nwdku

pykus okys ds lkeus Qhdk gS A dgha 7 fdyks

ljlks cksus ij 3 fdyks okil fey ikrk gS rks

dgha ,d chks es a 3 fdyks puk gh fey ikrk gS A

bl iwjs bykds ds ftl fdlku ds kj ijns”k esa

dekus okyk dksbZ ugha gS] os lc Hkq[kejh ds dxkj

ij gSa A lu~ 2004&05 ds ,d v/;;u ds

eqrkfcd cqUnsy[k.M es a 80 izfr”kr yksx [ksrh ij

fuHkZj gSA ysfdu ;gka dh 20 izfr”kr tehu ij gh nks Qlys yh tk ldrh gS A lw[ks us bl fgLls dh Hkh dej rksM+

nh gSA ljdkjh vkadM+ksa es a fiNys 50 o’kksZ a ls flafpr {ks= 15 izfr”kr ls 40 izfr”kr gks pqdk gSA ysfdu yxkrkj vkSj

Hkw&xHkhZ; ty ds ladV ds dkj.k fLFkfr fnu c fnu nwHkj gksrh tk jgh gS A fdlku bu leL;kvks a dh ekj >syrs&>syrs

vkfFkZd my>uksa esa bl dnj my> jgk gS fd blls mcjus dk dksbZ jkLrk ugha lw>rk gS A dtZ ds cks> rys ncs

fdlku tc dtZ dh vnk;xh ds ckjs es a lksprs gS rks :g dkai tkrh gS] ncko] /kefd;ks a] fujk”kk o lkekftd mis{kk

dk gy vkRegR;k le> es a vkrk gS A ,d ,slk jkLrk ftlds ckn u dksbZ dtZ gksxk vkSj u dksbZ vnk;xh A

bUgha dkj.kksa ls ^fdlku ØsfMV dkMZ* dks ^fdlku vkRegR;k dkMZ* dguk T;knk mfpr gksxkA D;kasfd bl

dkMZ ds ek/;e ls dtZ ysuk ftruk vklku gS] fdlkuks a fd mfpr le> u gksus ds dkj.k o ljdkj dh xyr uhfr

ds dkj.k] mldk Hkqxrku mruk gh eqf”dy gks tkrk gS vkSj varr% tc kj&tehu ds lkFk&lkFk viuh bTtr o

izfr’Bk Hkh tkrh fn[kkbZ iM+rh gS] dtZ ds edM+tky esa tc ne kqVus yxrk gS rks fdlku ,d iy dk oks [krjukd

jkLrk pqurk gS ftls vkRegR;k dgrs gSa A ;g gS foHkhf’kdk fdlku ØsfMV dkMZ dh A

fdlku ØsfMV dkMZ fQj VSªDVj dEifu;ksa ds nykyksa dk ek;k tky] xjhc fdlku tk;sa rks tk;sa dgk¡ A fdlku

ØsfMV dkMZ ,d ckj vxj fdlku ds ikl vkrk gS rks vfHk”kki cu tkrk gS A nyky e/kqeD[kh dh rjg ihNs yx

tkrs gSa A os ekfgj gS fdlkuksas dks VSªDVj ds pØO;wg esa Q¡lkus esa A ,d ckj vxj dksbZ fdlku bl pØO;wg esa Q¡lrk

gS rks kj&ckj] [ksrh ckM+h rks tkrh gh gS] tc

blls fudyus dk dksbZ jkLrk ugha feyrk rks

fQj vkRegR;k dks etcwj gksrs gS a A fdlku

ØsfMV dkMZ ds ek/;e ls d`f’k dk;Z de

kjsyw dk;Z T;knk gks jgs gSa] os dk;Z tks dksbZ

mRikn ugha nsrs A fdlku bl mEehn es a jgrk gS

fd vxyh Qly ls iSls okil gks tk;s axs] vkSj

ekSle vk/kkfjr [ksrh esa vxj ckfj”k dh ekj

iM+h rks fQj gkFk ls ftUnxh rd fudy tkrh

gS] ij dtZ ogha dk ogha jg tkrk gS A

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

33


qylh xzkeh.k cSad ds eSustj Jh

nsohpj.k xqIrk vkSj cSad nyky

jktdqekj us feydj bu nfyr ifjokjksa

ds uke QthZ ØsfMV dkMZ cuok fy;k]

rFkk tehu ca/kd dj yxHkx nks

yk[k 80 gtkj :0 fudky fy;kA ,d

o”kZ chr tkus ds ckn tc cSad ds deZpkjh

olwyh ds fy, xk¡o igqaps rc

HkqDrHkksfx;ksa dks irk pykA

ckxS rFkk jUt unh ds chp clk ckank tuin ds ujSuh

Cykd dk n~okck {ks= lfn;ks a ls mis{kk dk f”kdkj jgk gSA ;gk¡ ij

“kks’k.k] mRihM+u] Bxh] vU;k; vkSj vR;kpkj ds fuR; u;s :i

mHkjrs jgrs gSaA ,sls gh lkr nfyr ifjokj cS ad Bxh ds f”kdkj gSaA

viuh tehu] xk¡o] kj NksM+dj iyk;u fd fLFkfr esa

igqap x;sA

ekeyk n~okck {ks= ds ujflagiqj dk gSA ;gk¡ ds eRFkqj iq= Hkdksyk]

dYyw iq= Hkdksyk] csVw iq= fln~nw] eaxh iq= fln~nw] eaxh iq= ijlknh]

f”kouanu iq= cStw] lthou iq= jkek ds uke ls rqylh xzkeh.k cSad

ds eSustj Jh nsohpj.k xqIrk vkSj cSad nyky jktdqekj us feydj

bu nfyr ifjokjksa ds uke QthZ ØsfMV dkMZ cuok

fy;k] rFkk tehu ca/kd dj yxHkx nks yk[k 80

gtkj :0 fudky fy;kA ,d o’kZ chr tkus ds ckn

tc cSad ds deZpkjh olwyh ds fy, xk¡o igqaps rc

HkqDrHkksfx;ksa dks irk pykA olwyh ds fy, uksfVl

ns[k HkqDr Hkksfx;ks dh tckus can gks x;ha] vka[kks esa

va/ksjk Nk x;kA fpuxkjh laxBu ds lnL; jktw dks

tc bl kVuk dh tkudkjh gqbZ rks mUgksaus HkqDrHkksfx;ks

dh fgEer ca/kkbZ vkSj {ks= esa “kks’k.k mRihM+u ds

fo:) dke dj jgh Lo;a lsoh laLFkk ijkxhyky

fo|k/kke lfefr ds dk;kZy; ys vk;sA tSls gh ;g

ekeyk lfefr dk;ZdrkZvksa ds laKku esa vk;k rks

dk;ZdrkZvksa us ihfM+r ifjokjks a dks U;k; fnykus dh

eqfge NsM+ nhA dk;ZdrkZvksa us leL;k dks izdk”k esa

ykus ds fy, loZizFke ckank dh bysDVªkfud ,oa fizUV

ehfM;k ls lEidZ fd;k rFkk muls frfFk lqfuf”pr

dj HkqDrHkksfx;ks ls ehfM;k dk lh/kk laokn djkus ds

fy, fnukad 17 ebZ] 05 dks i=dkjks ds lkFk

ujflagiqj xk¡o igqap x;sA ekSds ij HkqDrHkksfx;ks dk

ehfM;k ds lkFk laokn gqvkA nwljs fnu cS ad Bxh dh

[kcj lHkh lekpkj i=ka ss es a izdkf”kr gqbZA blds

ckn fpuxkjh laxBu dh lfpo uhye us vk;qDr ds

uke izkFkZuk i= fy[kdj lekpkj i=ks dh drju

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ijkxhyky fo|k/kke lfefr dh igy

• HkqDrHkksfx;ksa dk lfefr dk;ZdrkZvksa ls

lEidZ A

• ckank dh bysDVªkfud o fizUV ehfM;k dk

Hkze.k o HkqDrHkksfx;ksa ds lkFk laokn& 17 ebZ]

05

• cSad dh Bdh [kcj dk lHkh lekpkj i=ksa }kjk

izdk’ku & 18 ls 23 ebZ] 05

• fpuxkjh laxBu o lfefr ds ek/;e ls

vk;qDr dks izkFkZuk i= & 22 ebZ] 05

• vk;qDr }kjk cSad ps;jeSu ls fjdkMZ ryc A

• vk;qDr }kjk HkqDrHkksfx;ksa dks i= o olwyh

u fd;s tkus dh rlYyh A

• cSad eSustj }kjk HkqDrHkksfx;ksa ds uke fudkys

x;s _.k dh C;kt lfgr ¼yxHkx #i;s rhu

yk[k½ vnk;xh & 30 ebZ ] 05

• HkqDr Hkksfx;ksa dks cSad }kjk _.k vnk;xh dk

izek.k i= A

• cSad eSustj dk fuyEcu & 3 twu] 05

• cSad eSustj o nyky ds f[kykQ eqdnek ntZ

A

• nyky dks tsy A

• fpuxkjh laxBu o HkqDrHkksfx;ksa dk vk;qDr

34

ABSSS

o lfefr dks vkHkkj i= A


lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

35


yxkdj vk;qDr ls U;k; dh ekax dhA b/kj lfefr ds dk;ZdrkZ Hkh fnuk¡d 22-

5-05 dks HkqDrHkksfx;ksa dks lkFk ysdj vk;qDr ls feysA ihfM+rks dh O;Fkk crkbZA

vk;qDr us bl ekeys dks xaHkhjrk ls fy;k rFkk rqjUr rqylh xzkeh.k cSad ds

ps;jeSu dks fjdkMZ lfgr ryc dj fy;kA lPpkbZ irk pyus ij vk;qDr us

HkqDrHkksfx;ks dks i= Hkstk fd ;fn vkius iSlk ugha fy;k rks vkils olwyh ugh

dh tk;sxhA m/kj ps;jeSu us Hkh cSad eSustj ij ncko cuk;k fd bl ekeys

lPpkbZ irk pyus ij vk;qDr us

HkqDrHkksfx;ks dks i= Hkstk fd

;fn vkius iSlk ugha fy;k rks

vkils olwyh ugh dh tk;sxhA

esa vki nks’kh gaS] blfy, bl jde dks vki Hkfj;s ugh

rks vkidh lsok;sa lekIr dj nh tk;sxhA vrar% cSad

eSustj us HkqDrHkksfx;ks ds uke fudkyk x;k _.k O;kt

lfgr rhu yk[k #0 fnuk¡d 30-5-05 dks tek fd;k

rFkk mlh fnu ujflagiqj Lo;a igqapdj HkqDrHkksfx;ksa ls

{kek ekaxhA iSlk tek gksus ds ckn ,d rjQ HkqDrHkksfx;ks

dks _.k vnk;xh dk izek.k i= fn;k x;kA nwljh rjQ

ysdj tsy tkus ls rks vHkh cpk gSA fdUrq nyky tsy esa gSA

cSad eSustj dks fnukad 3-6-05 dks fuyfEcr

dj fn;k x;k rFkk fuyEcu ds ckn cSad

eSustj ,oa nyky jktdqekj ds f[kykQ /kkjk

476] 468] 471] 499] 420 vkbZ0ih0lh0

ds rgr eqdnek Hkh ntZ djk fn;k x;k gSA

eqdnek ntZ gksus ds ckn cSad eSustj LVs

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

36


¼6½ lkearokn ds f[kykQ [kMs + xjhcks dks

viuh /kjrh feyh

ck¡nk ftys dh ujSuh rglhy dk ,d xk¡o gS cksM+siqjokA lkearh O;oLFkk dh e¡>/kkj esa Q¡ls dsoVksa dk xk¡oA

xk¡o ds e/; esa gS x+jhc iyk;udrkZ dpyw dk kjA kj es a Ng izk.kh gSaA eghus Hkj ^iqt* tkus Hkj dks nkuk&ikuh

iM+k gSA mlds ikl gS ck


uhan ugha lks ldk tc rd dfe”uj ls funZs”k ysdj ntZuHkj ys[kikyksa ls bu xj+hc dsoV ifjokjksa dh t+ehus ugha

uiok nhA t+ehu rks ui xbZA ij vHkh Hkh fpark cuh gS fd [ksrksa ij bu x+jhcksa dk ilhuk Vidrk jgsxkA ;k cgh[kkrksa

esa flQZ vk¡lw gh jgs gSaA**

ijkxhyky fo|k/kke lfefr dh i;Zosf{kdk fefFkyk dk dguk gS fd ;gk¡a xjhch js[kk ls uhps thou ;kiu

djus okys dkMZ] dksVsnkj ds ikl jgrs Fks muls feyus okyh jk”ku lkexzh dksVsnkj gt+e djrs vk jgs gSA vkt vHkh

iwjk xk¡o vf”kf{kr gS] ckgj ls ;fn dksbZ i= vkrk gS rks yksx nwljs xk¡o pkanhikBh cpokus tkrs gS a ;gk¡ ds ukSfugkyksa

ds fy, Hkh vkt rd vkt+kn ns”k dh ljdkj f”k{kk O;oLFkk ugha ns ldhA cksM+ siqjok xk¡o ds 70 cPps fo|ky; dk

eq¡g ugha ns[k ldsA**

lkeqnkf;d dk;ZdrkZ Jherh “kSysUnz us iz”kklfud igy dk fooj.k nsrs gq, crk;k fd 17 twu 2005 dks

ckank ds bysDVªkfud ,oa fizUV ehfM;k ds

ofj’B i=dkjks dh ,d Vhe dks ysdj cksM+ siqjok

dk lku Hkze.k gqvkA lekpkj i=ksa ds ek/;e

ls ;gk¡ dh leL;k;sa lqf[kZ;k¡ cuh A cksM+siqjok

dh iwjh O;Fkk dkss ftykf/kdkjh ds lkeus j[kk

x;k mUgks aus rqjUr lEcfU/kr foHkkxksa dks jkgr

igq ¡pkus ds funsZ”k fn;sA nwljs fnu gh rglhynkj

ujSuh Jh oh0ih0flag jktLo Vhe ds lkFk

xk¡o igq¡p x;s vkSj lcls igys rks vkB

ifjokjksa dh 28 chkk t+ehu tks 25 o’kZ ls

ncaxks ds dCts esa Fkh] ukidj fnyok fn;kA

pkSdh izHkkjh djry lyhe [kk¡ LoSfPNd ,oa

iz”kklfud Lrj ij igq ¡pk;h xbZ [kk| lkexzh

ysdj xk¡o igq¡ps vkSj Hkq[kejh dh dxkj ij

[kM+s ifjokjksa dks vUu] oL=] lkcqu vkfn dk

forj.k fd;kA ,d LokLF; Vhe Hkh EkkSds ij

igq ¡ph vkSj {k;jksx ls xzflr yksxks dk LokLF;

ijh{k.k dj nok miyC/k djk;hA vkiwfrZ vf/

kdkjh us Hkh ogha igq ¡pdj dksVsnkj ls muds

jk”kudkMZ okil djokdj jk”ku lkexzh dk

forj.k djok;k A

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

cksM+siqjok dk vfHk;ku

• iz[;kr i=dkj Jh Hkkjr Mksxjk dk Hkze.k &

2 twu] 05

• ckank ds bysDVªkfud ,oa fizUV ehfM;k ds ofj”V

i=dkjksa dk Hkze.k & 17 twu] 05

• lekpkj i=ksa ds ek/;e ls leL;kvksa dks lqf[kZ;ksa

esa ykukA

• ftykf/kdkjh dks izkFkZuk i= o okrkZ A

• ftykf/kdkjh }kjk lEcfU/kr foHkkxksa dks funsZ’k A

• rglhynkj }kjk jktLo ny ds lkFk Hkze.k A

miyfC/k;k¡

• 8 ifjokjksa dh 28 chkk t+ehu ukidj nh x;h A

• pkSdh izHkkjh djry }kjk ] LoSfPNd o iz’kklfud

Lrj ij igq¡pkbZ xbZ [kkn~; lkexzh vkfn dk forj.k

A

• LokLF; Vhe dk xk¡o Hkze.k {k; jksx xzflr yksxksa

dk LokLF; ifj{k.k dj nok miyC/k djkbZ x;h A

• vkiwfrZ vf/kdkjh }kjk dksVsnkj ls jk’ku dkMZ

okil djokdj jk’ku lkexzh dk forj.k A

ABSSS

38


¼7½Hkk¡ojiqj & xqykeh ls eqfDr dh vksj

Hkk¡ojiqj xk¡o ujSuh rglhy

dh fcYgjdk xzkeiapk;r dh 800 dh

vkcknh okyk ,d etjk gSA ;gk¡ ds

Hkwfeghu etnwj ncax nknqvksa ds ;gk¡ 5

fdyks vukt ij dksYgw ds cSy dh rjg

dke djrs gSaA 25 o’kZ igys bUgsa d`f’k

Hkwfe ds iV~Vs fn;s x;s Fks fdUrq lkeUr”kkgh

ds pyrs vkt rd ;g lHkh ifjokj

viuh t+ehu ij dCtk ugha ik ldsaA

xqykeh ekufldrk esa tdM+s ;gk¡ ds yksx

nklrkiw.kZ thou thus ds fy, foo”k gSaA

ncax jktLo dfeZ;ksa dks f[kyk&fiykdj

Hkxk nsrs Fks vkSj xjhcksa dh t+ehuks ij

dq.Myh ekjs cSBs jgrs vk, gS aA lkekftd

dk;ZdrkZvksa dh igy ij iz”kklu }kjk

vkoafVr Hkwfe Hkwfeghuksa dks ukiuh iM+h A

bl NksVh lh lQyrk ls ;gk¡ ds xqyke

gks pqds yksxks esa lkgl dk lapkj gqvk

vkSj ihfM+r ifjokjks us mRihM+u ls rax

vkdj 5 fdyks vukt esa dke u djus

dh lkewfgd dle [kkbZ rFkk dke djus

ls budkj dj fn;k blls ncaxks dk

xqLlk mu ij QwV iM+kA ckS[kyk;s ncaxks

us xk¡o es a MqXxh fiVok nh fd dksbZ Hkh

etnwj muds [ksr ls ugh xqtjsxsa vkSj u

gh “kkSpkfn ds fy, mudh t+ehu esa

d+ne j[ks axs muds dqvksa ls ikuh Hkh ugha

HkjsaxsA cl ;gha ls bu ifjokjksa dh

eqlhcr dk flyflyk “kq: gks x;kA

vk;s fnu yksxks dks kj ls fudyus ij /

Hkk¡ojiqj kVukØe & ,d ut+j

• i=dkj Hkze.k A

• ‘kks”kdksa ds vR;kpkj dk yhM [kcj ds :i esa izdk’ku

• laLFkku ds funs’kd }kjk e.Myk;qDr] ftykf/kdkjh ds

vykok fnYyh] y[kuÅ Lrj rd fu.kkZ;d okrkZ

• iz’kklu }kjk funsZ’k tkjh A

• [kcjksa ds izdk’ku ls iz’kklu dk gjdr esa vkuk A

• ftykf/kdkjh }kjk eftLVªsVh tk¡p ds vkns’k A

• miftykf/kdkjh }kjk tk¡p] ekeys dks jQk&nQk djus dk

iz;kl & 20 ebZ 05

• miftykf/kdkjh }kjk eueqrkfcd le>kSrk fy[kokdj

gLrk{kj djokuk A

• lh-vks- }kjk Hkh yhik&iksrh dk iz;kl &21 ebZ] 05

• iqu% lgk;d Je vk;qDr] lh-vks- o ,l-Mh-,e- }kjk

xk¡o okyksa dks /kedkus dk iz;kl & 22 ebZ] 05

• iz’kklu dh tk¡p fjiksVZ esa bl izdj.k dks xk¡onkjh dk

ekeyk crk;k x;k A

• HkqDrHkksfx;ksa }kjk e.Myk;qDr ds le{k U;k; gsrq xqgkj &

22 ebZ] 05

• vk;qDr }kjk iqu% tk¡p ds vkns’k A

• igyh tk¡p fjiksVZ ls feyrh&tqyrh fjiksVZ tek djuk A

• laLFkku ds funs’kd ds usr`Ro eas ,d izfrfuf/k e.My dk

ftykf/kdkjh ls HksaV&okrkZ A

• lgk;d Je vk;qDr dks tkap ds vkns’k A

• lgk;d Je vk;qDr dk ldkjkRed fjiksVZ A

• ncax ds f[kykQ deZdkj izfrdkj vf/kfu;e ds vUrxZr

eqdnek ntZ+ A

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

39


kedk;k tkrk FkkA viekfur fd;k tkrk

FkkA ncaxks ls gqdqe mnwyh dh fgekdr

dYyw] dkerk dks Hkkjh iM+hA Hkxokunkl

iVsy }kjk buds Åij iqjkuk dtZ

fudkydj buls tcfj;u dt+Z vnk djk;k

tk jgk FkkA bl kVuk dh tkudkjh tc

ijkxhyky fo|k/kke lfefr ds lfpo Jh

jktkHkb;k dks gqbZ rks i=dkjksa dh Vhe

ysdj xk¡o ig¡qpsA i=dkjks us “kks’kdksa ds

vR;kpkj dks yhM [k+cj ds :i es a izdkf”kr

fd;kA ftykf/kdkjh ls okrkZ dhA [k+cj ds

Nirs gh iz”kklu gjdr esa vk;kA

ftykf/kdkjh /khjt lkgw us bl kVuk dh

eftLVªsVh tk¡p ds vkns”k fn;sA

tk¡p ds fy, igq¡pk LFkkuh;

iz”kklu viuh Q¡lrh dye ns[kdj kVuk

esa inkZ Mkydj jQknQk djus dh dksf”k”k

esa yx x;k A 20 ebZ] 2005 dks tk¡p

ds fy, ig¡qps miftykf/kdkjh dqUt fcgkjh

vxzoky us nksuks i{kks dks bdV~Bk dj le>kus cq>kus ds iz;kl fd;sA ekeyk vkxs ckSrk fy[kokdj

gLrk{kj Hkh djok;sA 21 ebZ dks lh0vks0 ujSuh rstiky flag x;s] mUgksaus Hkh miftykf/kdkjh egksn; ds ekxZ esa

pydj ekeys dh yhik&iksrh dh dksf”k”k dhA 22 ebZ dks iqu% lgk;d Je vk;qDr] lh0vks0 rFkk ,l0Mh0,e0

xk¡o igq¡ps vkSj vius gd+ks ds fy, ykecUn gq, ihfM+r i{k dks le>kus] /kedkus dk iz;kl djrs jgsA iz”kklu }kjk

ftykf/kdkjh dks nh xbZ tk¡p fjiksVZ es a bl izdj.k dks xk¡onkjh dk ekeyk crk;k x;k] ekeyk dks ncrk ns[k

HkqDrHkksfx;ksa us iqu% 22 ebZ] 2005 dks e.Myk;qDr fot;“kadj ik.Ms; ls feydj U;k; dh xqgkj yxkbZA vk;qDr

us iqu% ,l0Mh0,e0] ckank vkSj lh0vks0] vrjkZ dks tk¡p gsrq Hkstk p¡wfd iwoZ esa vf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk dh x;h tk¡p

iz”kklu dks Hksth tk pqdh FkhA blfy, bu vf/kdkfj;ksa us Hkh viuk cpko i{k ysrs gq, mlh ls feyrh tqyrh fjiksVZ

dfe”uj dks HksthA bl izdj.k dks iz”kklu }kjk ckj&ckj nckus ij vf[ky Hkkjrh; lekt lsok laLFkku ds funs”kd

Hkkxor izlkn ds usr`Ro esa ,d izfrfuf/k e.My iqu% ftykf/kdkjh ls feyk] ftykf/kdkjh us iqu% lgk;d Je vk;qDr

dks tk¡p gsrq HkstkA lgk;d Je vk;qDr tc nwljh ckj tk¡p ds fy, x;s rks bl ckj mudk O;ogkj ldkjkRed

FkkA os HkqDrHkksfx;ks ls feys] vkSj Lohdkj fd;k fd x+jhcksa ds lkFk vU;k; gks jgk gS] bl izdj.k esa ncax ds f[kykQ

deZdkj izfrdkj vf/kfu;e ds vUrxZr eqdnek ntZ + djus dks dgkA

cksM+siqjok] Hkk¡ojiqj] jkuhiqj dh lPpkbZ dks iz”kklu Hkys gh udkjrk jgs ysfdu vkt+knh dh v/kZ “krkCnh

chrus ds ckn Hkh xkokas dk ;g Hkkjr vkt Hkh bu xk¡oksa esa xqYkke gSA

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

40


¼8½ Hkwjh us ik;k t+ehu ij dCtk

nklrk dk thou th jgh Hkwjh dks Lo;a irk ugha Fkk fd gkFk ihys gksrs

gh eq>s xqykeh ds /k/kdrs Hkkj esa riuk iM+ sxkA ifr tqEeu xk¡o ds tehankj

Hkxoku iVsy ds ;gk¡ cU/kqvk Fks] Hkwjh Hkh vius nks cPpks a lfgr ekfyd dk

dkjksckj c


¼9½ ljtwckbZ ds lak”kZ us jpk bfrgkl

mnklhurk dh jk[k ds chp esa gh lqyxrh fpaxkfj;ksa dh ijEijk vukfndky ls pyh vk

jgh gSA ljtwckbZ ,d ,slh gh fpaxkjh dk uke gSA bUnkSj esa tUeh] iyh&c


dh gkyr esa igq¡pk fn;kA gks”k jgus rd ljtwckbZ ds dkuksa esa vkokt+s a fdUgha xeZ lyk[kksa dh rjg pqHkrh jgha fd(-

---^muls D;ksa >xM+k eksy fy;k\]--^os cgqr [kjkc gSa*]--^fdlh fnu tku ls ekj MkysaxsA* djkgrs&djkgrs ljtwckbZ

iwjh rjg csgks”k gks xbZA /kkSjhlkxj vk x;kA xk¡o ds yksxksa us ljtwckbZ dks gks”k esa ykus ds iz;kl fd,A csgks”kh VwVhA

mlus iqfyl pkSdh rd tkdj izkFkfedh ntZ+ djkus dh fgEer dh rks yksx idM+dj lkbZfdy ls fyok x,A pkSdh ij

mifLFkr pkSdhnkj us dgk( ^ekeyk eM+kojk Fkkus dk gS] D;ksafd ftl LFkku ij kVuk kVh og eM+kojk Fkkus esa vkrk

gSA vki ogk¡ tkb,A* ljtwckbZ vlgk; lh kj ykSV vkbZA jkr dkQh gks pqdh FkhA ml le; eM+kojk Fkkus rd tkus

dk vFkZ gksrk gS fd 20 fdeh0 taxyh jkLrs ls pyuk] rc dgha Fkkus igq¡pukA ljtwckbZ dh fLFkfr us lkFk ugha fn;kA

tSls&rSls jkr xqtj xbZA

lqcg igyh cl ls ljtw eM+kojk Fkkus igq¡phA Fkkuk/;{k

dks lkjh kVuk lqukbZA fnukad 17 vxLr dks ljtw dh vkichrh

ij tc Fkkuk/;{k us dgk fd( ^izkFkZuk&i= vUnj ns nks] fjiksVZ fy[k

ysaxsA* izkFkZuk&i= dky&dksBjh esa igq¡pk fn;k x;kA izkFkfedh ntZ+

dh jlhn mls ugha nh xbZ] Åij ls ljtw dh ihM+k ij gh ykaNu

yxk fn;k x;k fd gks ldrk gS rqEgsa “ok¡l dh chekjh gks blfy,

lka¡l ysus esa ijs”kkuh gks jgh gSA ljtw bl ykaNu dks cnkZ”r ugha

dj ldh vkSj ogk¡ ls py nhA njckts ij njcku us lykg nh(

^vxj nl&chl #i, gksa rks eSa fy[k nw¡ fjiksVZA* ljtw us ,d ckj

mldk psgjk ns[kk vkSj dgk fd iSls ysus tk jgh gw¡A vHkh vkÅ¡xhA

og lh/ks laLFkku dk;kZy; igq¡phA mlds lhus esa vk;h vkUrfjd

pksVksa ds gjs&uhys fu”kku ns[kdj laLFkku us igys izkFkfed mipkj

djkuk t+:jh le>kA dk;ZdrkZ gjhpan ds lkFk ljtw dks lkeqnkf;d

LokLF; dsUnz eM+kojk Hkstk x;kA nok t+:jh Fkh] blfy, ;g crk;k

x;k fd lhfkSrk dj fy;k

x;k A ;g iwjs {ks= dh igyh ,slh

kVuk Fkh tc fdlh ncax dks

gFkdM+h Mkydj miftykf/kdkjh dh

vnkyr rd tkuk iM+k A ,d

efgyk ls ekQh ekaxuh iM+h A

bl tax esa dkSu thrk] dkSu gkjk \

;g vyx loky gS ysfdu Hkkjr

ekrk dh nqykjh dk bl rjg viuh

gh ekVh ij ihVk tkuk gekjs lkjs

‘kfDr& mikluk dh nyhyksa ij

iz’ufpUg yxkrk gS A gesa dVkjs esa

[kM+k djrk gS fd ge FkksM+k #ddj

lkspsa&fopkjsa fd gekjk O;ogkj]

gekjs fl)karksa ij fdruk vey

dj jgk gS A

djus dk vkns”k fn;k x;kA kVuk dh tkudkjh lekpkj&i=ksa ds ftykLrjh; eq[;ky;ksa dks nh xbZA lÙkklhu ikVhZ

ds ftyk/;{k dks Hkh kVuk ls voxr djk;k x;kA dqN gksus dh mEehn ds lkFk ljtwckbZ kj ykSV vkbZA kVuk ds

fnu ls ;g pkSFkk fnu FkkA ik¡posa fnu iqfyl ncaxksa dks idM+ ykbZA jkt+hukek ds fy, ljtwckbZ dks Fkkus cqyk;k x;kA

ncaxksa us ljsvke ljtw ls ekQh ekaxh vkSj dgk fd( ^gesa ugha ekywe Fkk fd vki bruh tkx:d gSa] yfyriqj rd

43

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS


igq¡p tk,¡xha] varr% bl ckr ij fd vkxs dHkh ,slk nksgjko u gks le>kSrk dj fy;k x;kA ;g iwjs {ks= dh igyh

,slh kVuk Fkh tc fdlh ncax dks gFkdM+h Mkydj miftykf/kdkjh dh vnkyr rd tkuk iM+kA ,d efgyk ls ekQh

ekaxuh iM+hA ncax us HkSalksa }kjk ljtw dh Qly pjkus ij ljtw }kjk HkSalksa dks dkathgkÅl esa can djokus dh tqjZr

dk cnyk cl esa pqdk;k vkSj ljtw us vius vieku dk cnyk mudks gFkdM+h iguk dj pqdk;kA bl tax esa dkSu

thrk] dkSu gkjk \ ;g vyx loky gS ysfdu Hkkjr ekrk dh nqykjh dk bl rjg viuh gh ekVh ij ihVk tkuk

gekjs lkjs “kfDr&mikluk dh nyhyksa ij iz”ufpUg yxkrk gSA gesa dVkjs esa [kM+k djrk gS fd ge FkksM+k #ddj

lkspsa&fopkjsa fd gekjk O;ogkj] gekjs fl)karksa ij fdruk vey dj jgk gSA ge dSls lekt ds fuekZ.k dh :ijs[kk

cukus dh fn”kk esa gSa A ljtwckbZ ek= nks nt+kZ rd i


¼10½ Jfed laxfBr gq, rks etnwjh feyh

rhu ekg rd ^dke ds cnys vukt* etnwjh ds fy, pyk lk’kZ

106 etnwjks dh 100 dq ary xsg¡w rFkk 50 gt+kj #i, dh cdk;k etnwjh fnykbZ

xkso/kZuiqj rkykc Hkz’Vkpkj ls vHkh Hkh yckyc

ck¡lh rkykc esa VSªDVj ls [kqnkbZ dj ^QwM Qkj odZ ;kstuk* dks fBdkus yxk;k

ckank tuin esa izfro’kZ xehZ ds ekSle esa “kklu }kjk yksxka s dks dke nsus] Je”kfDr dk iyk;u jksdus ,oa

rkykcksa dk th.kksZ)kj djus ds mn~ns”; ls QwM&Qkj&odZ ds varxZr yk[kksas #i;s dk izko/kku fd;k tkrk gSA bl ;kstuk

ds varxZr dke djus okys etnwjksa dh etnwjh rRdky Hkqxrku fd;s tkus dh vko”;drk gksrh gS rkfd dk;Z dj jgs

ifjokjksa dh fnu&izfrfnu dh vko”;drk dh iwfrZ gsrq vukt ,oa iSlk feyrk jgsA ljdkjh deZpkfj;ksa }kjk bl ;kstuk

ds /ku dks gMiuk lcls vklku le>k tkrk gSA D;ksafd ckfj”k gks tkus ij dk;ksZa dh tkap dh dksbZ xkajVh ugha jg

tkrhA fn[kk fn;k tkrk gS fd dk;Z rks djok;s x;s gSa fdUrq feV~Vh ckfj”k es a cg x;hA bl izdkj etnwjksa dks tks dke

muds xk¡o esa fey ldrk gS og mUgsa ugha fey ikrk] xk¡o dk fodkl dk;Z bldk [kkfe;ktk Hkksxrk gS o turk ds

iSls ls Bsdsnkjksa dh tsc eksVh gksrh gS A ifj.kke] xzkeh.kksa dk iyk;u o xk¡o dh nqxZfr A d``’.kkfiZr lsokJe vrjkZ

}kjk lapkfyr iSDl ifj;kstuk ds dk;Z{ks= ds varxZr xzke iapk;r cjbZekuiqj ds xka/kh rkykc es a viz Sy ,oa ebZ 2005

esa dke ds cnys vukt ;kstuk ds varxZr [kqnk;h dk dke djk;k x;kA rkykc [kksnrs gq;s ,d ekg chr tkus ij

etnwjksa us etnwjh dh ek¡x dh rc izHkkjh lfpo }kjk dgk x;k fd

vkids vukt dk Hkqxrku lgdkjh lfefr ds }kjk fd;k tk;sxkA etnwj

yxkrkj 2 ekg viSzy] ebZ es a bl vk”kk esa rkykc [kksnrs jgs fd etnwjh

dk Hkqxrku gks tk;sxkA dbZ ifjokjksa dk Hkqxrku 2 ekg rd u feyus ls

os Hkw[kksa ejus ds dxkj ij igq ¡p x;sA etnwjksa us laLFkk ds lg;ksx ls 18

twu dks ftyk iz”kklu ds le{k xqgkj yxk;h] rc ek= 30 dq0 xsgw dk

Hkqxrku fd;k x;kA “ks’k /ku ,oa vukt dks fBdkus yxkus dh O;oLFkk

Cykd iz”kklu }kjk yxHkx dj yh xbZ Fkh A laLFkk dk;ZdrkZvksa us

--- cjbZekuiqj ds xka/kh rkykc

esa vizSy ,oa ebZ 2005 esa dke

ds cnys vukt ;kstuk ds

varxZr [kqnk;h dk dke djk;k

x;k A ---- etnwj yxkrkj 2

ekg viSzy] ebZ esa bl vk’kk esa

rkykc [kksnrs jgs fd etnwjh

dk Hkqxrku gks tk;sxkA dbZ

ifjokjksa dk Hkqxrku 2 ekg rd

u feyus ls Hkw[kksa ejus ds dxkj

ij igq¡p x;sA

ch0Mh0vks0 ls bl lanHkZ es a fujarj izkFkZuk dh fdUrq vk”oklu ds flok

dqN ugha feykA Bksl igy ds varxZr laLFkk }kjk tuin ds ehfM;k

dfeZ;kssa ds Hkze.k dk vk;ksstu dj ekSds ij rkykc es a gh etnwjksa dk lh/

kk lk{kkRdkj djok;k x;kA izeq[k lekpkj Ik+=ksa ,oa lgkjk Vh-oh-]

bysDVªkfud pSuy }kjk etnwjksa ds Hkw[kksa ejus dh ukScr vkus ds lekpkj

dks izeq[krk ls izdkf”kr@izzlkfjr fd;k x;kA izns”k Lrj ij ckr igqap tkus ij Mjdj Cykd iz”kklu }kjk 28 twu

dks 3 ekg ckn 106 etnwjksa dh 100 daq0 xsgw ¡ ,oa 50 gtkj :0 dh cdk;k etnwjh dk Hkqxrku fd;k x;kA blh

;kstuk ds varxZr xzke iapk;r tjj ds etjk xkso)Zuiqj esa rkykc [kqnok;h dk dk;Z djok;k x;kA bl rkykc gsrq

4 yk[k 25 gtkj #i;s dk dk;Z izLrkfor Fkk ysfdu ekSds ij vk/ks ls Hkh de ykxr dk dke djok;k x;k vkSj

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

45


izns’k Lrj ij ckr igqap tkus

ij Mjdj Cykd iz’kklu }kjk

28 twu dks 3 ekg ckn 106

etnwjksa dh 100 daq0 xsgw¡ ,oa

50 gtkj :0 dh cdk;k

etnwjh dk Hkqxrku fd;k

x;k A

vk/kk v/kwjk NksM fn;k x;k A 60 eh0 dk kkV dk fuekZ.k gksuk Fkk fdUrq

25 eh0 dk gh fuekZ.k djk;k x;k gSA ekud ds vuq:i dk;Z u gksus ls

kfV;k lkexzh dk iz;ksx djus ij lhf


¼11½ fpuxkjh laxBu] l’kDrhdj.k ,oa gd+nkjh dh vksj

fpuxkjh dk viuk xq.k /keZ gS A og

jk[k esa ncdj lqyxrh gS] ftUnk jgrh gS A FkksM+h lh

gok ikdj iwjs vfLrRo esa vkrh gS A vkap nsrh gS]

dqN Hkh cQZ ugha gksus nsrh A dqN ,slk gh xq.k /keZ

tku&le> dj cqUnsy[k.M esa ,d laxBu us vkdkj

fy;k ,d ,slk laxBu ftldk usr`Ro efgykvks a ds

eRFks gS A

fpuxkjh laxBu ,d ,slh laxBu dh dYiuk

gS tks fopkjoku] l{ke] le>nkj fgr esa dke djus

okys izcq)tu ,oa ÅtkZoku uo;qod] uo;qfr;ksa dk

,slk lewg gksxk tks lekt fgr esa vius vf/kdkjksa

dks izkIr djus gsrq ncko cukus dk dk;Z djsxk A

bldk mn~ns”; “kklu&iz”kklu ds Lrj ij uhfrxr

cnyko gsrq ncko cukuk] “kks’k.k] mRihM+u o xjhcksa

ds vf/kdkjksa ds guu dks jksdus ds fy, gLr{ksi dh

Hkwfedk es a [kM+k gksuk] izkd`frd lalk/kuksa ds leqfpr

izcU/ku] lnqi;ksx ,oa fu;a=.k ij cy nsuk o ljdkjh ;kstukvksa ij fuxjkuh j[kuk gS A

,sls gh ,d fpuxkjh lxBu us dqMbZ U;k; iapk;r esa laaxfBr gksdj fdlku lsok dsUnz dks ncaxks ds dCts

ls eqDr djkdj viuh lkewfgd “kfDr dk ifjp; fn;kA U;k; iapk;r dqM+bZ ds lHkh xk¡o dqM+bZ] xq


kdkfj;ksa dks Jh mRre pUnz] Jh jkey[ku] Jherh xhrk]

Jherh ijohuk ckuksa dks izkFkZuk i= fy[kus gsrq iszfjr fd;k]

ysfdu ,d nks ckj dh iSjoh ij fdlh izdkj dk dksbZ

lek/kku ugha gqvkA 26 tuojh] 2006 dks fpuxkjh laxBu

ds lnL; Jh mRre pUnz oekZ fuoklh dqMbZ us bl leL;k dh

ppkZ cht xksnke ds lfpo egksn; ls dh vkSj dgk fd xksnke

dks pkyw fd;k tk;sA bl ij Jh mRre pUnz ds lkFk esa x;h

efgykvksa us bl ckr dk leFkZu fd;k lkFk gh jks’k O;Dr

fd;kA ftl ij lfpo dk tokc Fkk fd lgh jksM u gksus ds

fdlku lsok dsUnz esa voS/k dCtk fd;s gq;s

ckgqcfy;ksa dks utj vankt djrs gq, yksxksa

us vUnj tkdj dejksa dks [kksydj fof/

kor ksd

ds ckn psrkouh nsdj fpuxkjh lxaBu ds yksx okil vk x;sA rRi”pkr~ xzke iapk;r dqMbZ es a laLFkku dh vksj ls

fpuxkjh laxBu dh cSBd cqyk;h x;hA cSBd esa bl eqn~ns ij fof/kor ppkZ gq;hA ppkZ esa ;g fu.kZ; fy;k x;k fd

D;ksa u ehfM;k ds yksxksa dks ykdj viuh bl leL;k dks lekpkj i=ksa ds ek/;e ls mtkxj fd;k tk;sA lkFk gh lacaf/

kr vf/kdkfj;ks a dks izkFkZuk i=ksa ds ek/;e

ls iSjoh dj izfØ;k esa rsth ykbZ tk;sA

v#.kksn; laLFkku us fnuk¡d 27-01-

06 dks ehfM;k izfrfuf/k;ksa dks ysdj i=dkj

Hkze.k dk dk;Z fd;k ftles a iwjh U;k; iapk;r

ds yksx laxfBr gksdj fdlku dsUnz ij

,df=r gq;s vkSj iz”kklu eqnkZckn ds ukjs

yxk;sA lkFk gh mifLFkr xjhc fdlkuksa us

vius&vius


¼12½ ncaxksa ds paxqy ls eqDr gqbZ cqf/

k;k

xzke iapk;r xksaMk dksjkjh dk fuoklh

pqUuw ,d Hkwfeghu etnwj FkkA [knkuksa ij dke

djds izkIr etnwjh ls viuk ifjokj pykuk

mlds thou dh eq[; fnup;kZ FkhA pqUuw 26

tqykbZ dh izkr% dke ij tkus ds igys vius

cM+s cPps dks [knku ij Hkkstu igqapkus ds fy,

cksydj py fn;kA igkM+ ij pus okyh] lak’kZ”khy laLFkk ds dk;ZddrkZvksa us rRdky vkijs”ku iksLV&Hkjrdwi

pkSdh igqapdj kVuk dh tkudkjh ;gka ds njksxk dks nhA laLFkk dh izfrfuf/k lqJh ek;k Lo;a Hkh kVuk LFky ij tk

igq¡ph rkfd Bsdsnkj dh euekuh jksddj ,d x+jhc dks U;k; fnyk;k tk ldsaA ogka igqapdj yk”k dks tykus ls euk

dj fn;kA gekjs f[kykQ cksyus okyh ;g dkSu efgyk vk xbZ\ og rerekdj cksyk ^ns[kks eSMe gekjs chp esa cksyus

okyh vki dksbZ ugha gksrh gSaA gesa [kqn vius etnwjksa ds izfr iwjh fpUrk gS] vki viuk dke dfj;s* ;gh “kCn pqUuw

dh iRuh ls Hkh mlus dgyok;k fd ^vki dkSu gksrh gSa gekjs vkSj ekfyd ds f[kykQ ckssyus okyh\ vki gesa D;k

ns nsaxh\* dsUnzh; laLFkk dks b/kj dqN dk;ZdrkZ kVuk dh tkudkjh ns pqds FksA ftlls fp=dwV ds i=djksa dks Hkh ;g

lwpuk igq¡p pqdh Fkh A yxHkx 20 feuV ckn i=dkj txr ds yksx ogka igqaps] ftlls ekeyk vkSj laxhu gks x;kA

[knku ekfyd i=dkjksa ds igqapus ds igys gh pqUuw dh iRuh o cPpksa dks ysdj xk;c gks pqdk FkkA

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

---b/kj [knku ds ekfyd dks irk pyk

fd pqUuw fxjdj ej pqdk g SA yk’k mBkus

ds igys gh og dqN iSls ysdj pqUuw dh

iRuh ds ikl igqaps vkSj mldks

cgyk&Qqlykdj dqN t+ehu vkSj iSlksa

dk ykyp nsdj yk’k dks rqjUr tyk nsus

ds fy, jkth dj fy;kA

ABSSS

49


fpuxkjh laxBu ,oa Lo;a lgk;rk lewg dh yxHkx 35

fpuxkjh laxBu ,oa Lo;a lgk;rk

efgyk,a Hkjrdwi Fkkus igqapdj iqfyl foHkkx o Bsdsnkj ds f[kykQ

lewg dh yxHkx 35 efgyk,a

ukjsckth djus yxhaA Fkkus esa igys ls cSBs Bsdsnkj dh ykWch kVuk dh

Hkjrdwi Fkkus igqapdj iqfyl

lQkbZ ns jgh FkhA pwUuw dh iRuh Hkh Bsdsnkjksa ds Loj esa Loj esa

foHkkx o Bsdsnkj ds f[kykQ

feykdj Bsdsnkj dks funkZs’k crk jgh FkhA efgykvkaa s us tc dgk fd

rqe dSlh iRuh gks rqEgkjs ifr ds lkFk bruk cM+k vU;k; gqvk\ bl

ukjsckth djus yxh aA Fkkus esa igys

Bsdsnkj us rqEgkjs thou Hkj ds lgkjs dks Nhu fy;k fQj Hkh rqEgs ls cSBs Bsdsnkj dh ykWch kVuk dh

viuk ifr ugha Bsdsnkj T;knk I;kjk yxrk gS\ ,sls yksxks us gh rks bu lQkbZ ns jgh Fkh A

Bsdsnkjksa dk eukscy crs gq, Hkh dksbZ igy ugha gksrh gSA

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

50


a

a

a

¼13½ fujUrj igy ls Jfedks dks feyk gd+

ekfudiqj Cykd ls 10 fdeh0 nwj iwoZ fn”kk es a Å¡pkMhg xzke iapk;r gS ftles a voxuh] vejiqj] xls etnwjh er ek¡xks

txh] ijUrq tc mudh etnwjh dks bl

lh/ks vki yksx lfpo ds ikl tkvks vkSj lfpo gh vki lcdks

etnwjh nsxkA tc bl tkudkjh dk Bhd&Bhd irk pyk fd okLro

rjg nck fy;k x;k] rc muds thus dk

es a ;gk¡ yksxks dh etnwjh “ks’k iM+h gS rks Å¡pkMhg xkao es a tkdj

,d ek= vk/kkj Hkh pyk x;k A lfefr ds dk;ZdrkZvks a }kjk ,d cSBd dk vk;kstu fd;k x;k vkSj

cSBd es a yksxks dks crk;k x;k fd leL;k vki yksxks dh gS blfy,

viuh leL;k dk lek/kku ikus gsrq vki yksxks dks vkxs vkuk iMsxk rHkh vkidh leL;k dk lek/kku fey ldrk gSA vxj

vki yksx Lo;a viuh leL;k ysdj lkeus ugha vk;sxs a] rks vkidh leL;k dk lek/kku laHko ugha gksxkA blh cSBd es

lkekftd mRiz sj.k ds vU; txgks a ds ekeyks a ,oa mues a feyh lQyrkvks a dks j[kk x;kA tu iSjoh es a igy ,oa iz;kl fujUrjrk

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

51


¡

iwoZd gksus pkfg,] tc&tc ge fujUrjrk es a deh ykrs gS a] mnklhurk

cSBd es a yksxks dks crk;k x;k fd leL;k ;k ykijokgh ds f”kdkj gksrs gS a] lQyrk gels mruh gh nwj gksrh

vki yksxks dh gS A blfy, viuh leL;k tkrh gSA mnkgj.k ds :i es a crk;k x;k fd tu iSjoh ,d xzkeh.k

dk lek/kku ikus gsrq vki yksxks dks vkxs dgkor dh rjg gS %&

vkuk iMsxk rHkh vkidh leL;k dk ^^iku D;ks a lM+k] D;ks afd Qsjk u x;kA

lek/kku fey ldrk gS A vxj vki yksx jksVh D;ks a tyh] D;ks afd Qsjh u x;hAA** Bhd blh rjg lkekftd

Lo;a viuh leL;k ysdj lkeus ugha Hkk’kk es a vxj Qkyksvi ugha fd;k tkrk gS rks iSjoh es a lQyrk dh

vkvksxs rks vkidh leL;k dk lek/kku nj mruh gh de gksrh tkrh gSA ges a bl ekeys es a Hkh lQyrk gsrq

ugh fey ik;sxk A

iSjoh fujUrjrk iwoZd djuh gksxhA

bl lkekftd mRiz sjd dh cSBd ds ckn Jfedks a dks u;h ÅtkZ

feyhA mUgks aus viuh etnwjh gsrq u;h j.kuhfr ,oa fujUrjrkiwoZd iSjoh dk ladYi fy;kA

fnuk¡d 4 viz Sy] 2005 dks ftykf/kdkjh ls vkdj feyus dk iz;kl Jfedks a us fd;k ijUrq ckgj gksus ds dkj.k

viuh vthZ ,oa O;Fkk&dFkk ftykf/kdkjh ls ugha dg ik;s] miftykf/kdkjh egksn; rd viuh vkokt vo”; igq ¡pk;hA bl

nkSjku yxkrkj izkFkZuk i=ks a dk fjek.Mj “kklu&iz”kklu dks Hkstk x;kA

fnuka ¡d 6 tqykbZ] 2005 dks iqu% dohZ bl vk”k; ls ,oa ladYi ds lkFk vk;s fd bl ckj ftykf/kdkjh egksn;

ds le{k viuh leL;k j[ksxs a vkSj U;k; u feyus rd Øfed vu”ku es a cSBsxsA bl ckj dk vkuk lQy jgkA leL;k;s a Hkh

dgh x;h vkSj lek/kku Hkh feykA

fnuk¡d 13 tqykbZ] 2005 dks ekfudiqj fodkl [k.M es a 100 Jfedks a dks mudh etnwjh dk gd 100 dq.Vy xsgw

izkIr gqvkA

[kk| lqj{kk

LokLF;

vkthfodk,a

vk; lqj{kk

LokLF; vkSj f”k{kk lqj{kk

f”k{kk

lkekftd lqj{kk

lqj{kk

lkeqnkf;d laxBu

i;kZoj.k vkSj vkokl

ifjfLFkfrdh; lqj{kk

“This document is output from a project funded by the Department for International Development (DFID), U.K. for the benefet of

the developing conutries. The views expressed are not necessarily those of the Management Consultant or Department for Interna­

tional Development (DFID), U.K.”

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

52


¼14½ etnwj dh viuh yM+kbZ viuh thr

dkthiqj ds xjhc etnwjksa us tc laxBu dh “kfDr dks igpkuk rc laxfBr iz;klksa ds cy ij vius gd+

dh yM+kbZ yM+h vkSj vius cdk;k etnwjh dks ik;k A cjbZekuiqj U;k; iapk;r ds vUrxZr xzke iapk;r dkthiqj dsu

fdukjs clk gqvk gSA bl xzke iapk;r esa eMS;u] ubZ nqfu;k] eqjknkckn D;ksVjk vkfn etjk gSA bl xzke iapk;r dh

dqy vkcknh 11770 gSA czkEg.k] lkgw] teknkj] dskjh] dsoV vkfn tkfr;ka fuokl dj jgh gSA bl xzke iapk;r esa

dsoV tkfr ds 75 izfr”kr yksx fuokl dj jgs gSaA dksjh vkSj dsoV tkfr ds yksxks a dh thfodk dk eq[; vk/

kkj etnwjh] d`f’k o ydM+h vkl&ikl

ds xk¡oksa esa csapus dk dk;Z efgyk;sa dkthiqj dk lak”kZ

djrh gSA f”k{kk ds {ks= es a ;g {ks=

cgqr fiNM+k gS A dksjh o dsoV fojknjh

• 250 etnwjksa dh 32 dq0 etnwjh ts-bZ- ‘;keckcw }kjk

ds yksx vf”kf{kr o vui


o ch0Mh0vks0 egqvk]

lh0Mh0vks0 ckank dks izkFkZuk i= fxjoka dk lak”kZ

Hkstk blds i”pkr fjekb.Mj i=

Hksts x;s o 2 ekpZ 2005 dks • #0 50]000 dh etnwjh Bsdsnkj }kjk gM+i yh xbZ A

Jh bf.M;k esa leL;k dk izdk”ku • etnwjksa }kjk ch0Mh0vks0 egqvk o lh0Mh0vks0 ckank

fd;k x;k o i= drju] izkFkZuk

dks izkFkZuk i= & 20 Qjojh] 04

i= ds lkFk iz”kklu dks Hkstk

• fjekb.Mj i= Hkstk x;k

x;kA vHkh iz”kklu FkksM+k ncko

esa vk;k gh Fkk fd 4 ekpZ dks • i=dkj Hkze.k & 1 ekpZ] 05

etnwjksa us laxfBr gksdj laLFkk • lekpkj i=ksa }kjk izdk’ku & 2 ekpZ] 05

dk;ZdrkZ ds lkFk ftykf/kdkjh ckank • i= drju ds lkFk izkFkZuk i= Hkstk x;k

dks Kkiu nsdj izn”kZu fd;kA • ftykf/kdkjh dks Kkiu & 4 ekpZ] 05

bZ0Vh0oh0 o izeq[k lekpkj i=ksa

• bZ0Vh0 oh0 o izeq[k lekpkj i=ksa esa izdk’ku & 5 ekpZ]

esa leL;k dk izdk”ku gqvkA

ftlds ifj.kke Lo:i vizSy]

05

2005 dks vo”ks’k etnwjh dk • etnwjksa dks etnwjh #i;s 50]000@& feyh viSzy] 05

Hkqxrku djus ds fy;s Bsdsnkjksa

dks ck/; gksuk iM+kA bl kVuk ls etnwjksa es a vkRefo”okl c


¼15½ ljdkjh dkxtks a es a e`r

lksuk us t+ehu gkfly dh

ncaxks a }kjk xjhcks a dh tehu gM+ius dk ,d

;g Hkh rjhdk gS fd mu xjhcks a dks ljdkjh dkxtks a ij

e`r fn[kkdj mudh tehu vius uke VªkalQj djk ysrs

gS aA ;g dgkuh ugha cfYd lR; dFkk gS] ujSuh {ks= ds

xzke&iapk;r fcYgjdk ds etjk jkuhiqj fuoklh lksuk

dhA lksuk vuqlwfpr tkfr ls lEcfU/kr gS buds nks iq=

o nks iqf=;k¡ gS aA vkt ls 3 o’kZ iwoZ lksuk ds uke iV~Vk

fd;k x;k Fkk fdUrq xjhc lksuk viuh tehu dks ns[k

rd ugh ik;k fd mls nacxks a }kjk e`r n”kkZdj lksuk dh

16 chks tehu gM+i yh x;h A ;g ckr tc ijkxhyky

fo|k/kke lfefr ds dk;ZdrkZvks a dks feyh rks lekpkj

i=ks a ds izfrfuf/k;ks a ls le; ysdj jkuhiqj xk¡o igq ¡psA

ogk¡ igkM+ dh danjkvks a ls lksuk fudy dj [kM+k gqvk

vkSj dgus yxk vki yksx eq>s Hkwr u le>s eS a ftUnk

gw ¡A ;g dgdj jksrs&jksrs viuh O;Fkk ehfM+;k ds yksxks a ls

lqukbZ gSA lksuk dh d#.k dgkuh lqudj ekSds ij igq ¡ps

lekpkj i=ks a ds izfrfuf/k;ks a us bl [kcj dks

vius lHkh lekpkj i=ks a es a izdkf”kr fd;kA [kcj Nirs

gh iz”kklu gjdr es a vk;k vkSj bl izdj.k dh tkap

iM+rky miftykf/kdkjh ujSuh dks lkS aih x;hA rRi’pkr~

,l0Mh0,e0 egksn; }kjk vfHkys[kks a ds vuqlkj rRdkyhu

ys[kiky dks xkVk la[;k 9011 jdck rhu chkk 16

foLok o xkVk la[;k 130 jdck 1 chkk dqy 4 chkk

tehu ukius ds vkns”k fd;s x;sA rc ys[kiky egksn;

}kjk 4 chks tehu ukidj ns nh x;hA blds ckn iSjoh

djus ij miftykf/kdkjh ujSuh }kjk vk”oklu fn;k

x;k fd rRdky izHkko ls vkxs dh dk;Zokgh tkjh gSA

vfHkys[kks a dh lR;rk dh tkap djok djds lksuk dh

iwjh dh iwjh tehu ukidj nh x;hA

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

55


¼16½ {k; jksx ij ik;h fot;

fu;fer :i ls gq, bykt esa vc

;s rhuksa O;fDr iw.kZ :i ls LoLF;

gks x;s gSa A fNn~nw] fot;] NUuw

vkJqiwfjr gks viuk vrhr

crkrs gSa fd Hkb;k tc kj esa

[kkus dk ,d nkuk ugha Fkk rks

nok dSls djkrs A ;fn ehfM;k

vkSj laLFkk ds yksx u gksrs rks vc

rd gekjh thou yhyk lekIr

gks x;h gksrh A

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ujSuh {ks= ds cksM+siqjok xk¡o es a nks twu ds fuokyk ds fy, HkVd jgs fNn~nw]

fot; ,oa NUuh ehfM;k] LoSfPNd txr o iz”kklu ds iz;klksa ls gqbZ viuh izk.kj{kk

ij lkekftd d`rKrk izdV djrs gh Hkkoqd gks mBrs gSaA yksdrkfU=d lkeUrh O;oLFkk

dh e>/kkj esa Q¡ls bu ifjokjksa dh xjhch bUgsa jksVh ds ,d&,d VqdMs ds fy, ijs”kku

fd;s FkhA tehuksa es a ncaxksa us dCtk dj j[kk Fkk A {k; jksx ls xzflr fNn~nw] fot; ,oa

NUuw ds kj esa u rks nok ds fy, ,d

dkSM+h Fkh vkSj u gh Hkkstu ds fy,

,d nkukA xk¡o ds bl lp dks ns[k

ijkxhyky fo|k/kke lfefr ds

dk;ZdrkZvksa us bl lHkh ifjokjksa dh

leL;kvksa dks rRF;kafdr fd;k] ehfM;k

ls lEidZ dj lkekftd ljksdkj ds

fy, lefiZr e.My ds ÅtkZoku

i=dkjksa dh ,d Vhe dks ysdj xk¡o igq¡ps] i=dkjksa us Hkh bl lPpkbZ

dks ns[kk vkSj viuh /kkjnkj ys[kuh ls leL;kvksa dks izdkf”kr

fd;kA leL;kvksa dk lekpkj i=ksa esa izdk”ku gksrs gh iz”kklu dh

funzk [kqyh vkSj iz”kklu Hkh buds izk.kksa dh j{kk dks viuk nkf;Ro

le> jkgr ds iz;kl izkjEHk fd;k A vkuu&Qkuu budh tehusa ukidj nh x;h A Hkkstu gsrq xsgw

xk¡o ds bl lp dks ns[k ijkxhyky

fo|k/kke lfefr ds dk;ZdrkZvksa us

bl lHkh ifjokjksa dh leL;kvksa dks

rRF;kafdr fd;k] ehfM;k ls lEidZ

dj lkekftd ljksdkj ds fy,

lefiZr e.My ds ÅtkZoku i=dkjksa

dh ,d Vhe dks ysdj xk¡o igq¡ps]

i=dkjksa us Hkh bl lPpkbZ dks ns[kk vkSj

viuh /kkjnkj ys[kuh ls leL;kvksa

dks izdkf’kr fd;kA

¡] pkoy] diM+ s]

lkcqu igq ¡pk fn;s x;s A lkFk gh LokLF; Vhe Hkh xk¡o esa igq¡p fof/kor LokLF; ijh{k.k fd;k vkSj {k; jksx ls xzflr

NUuw] fNn~nw] fot; dk fjokbTM us”kuy V~;wcj Dyksfll dUVªksy izksxzke ls fMfLVd Vh0oh0 dUVªksy lkslkbVh ck¡nk }kjk

mipkj “kq: gks x;kA fu;fer :i ls gq, bykt es a vc ;s rhuksa O;fDr iw.kZ :i ls LoLF; gks x;s gSa A fNn~nw] fot;]

NUuw vkJqiwfjr gks viuk vrhr crkrs gS a fd Hkb;k tc kj esa [kkus dk ,d nkuk ugha Fkk rks nok dSls djkrsA ;fn

ehfM;k vkSj laLFkk ds yksx u gksrs rks vc rd gekjh thou yhyk lekIr gks x;h gksrhA

ABSSS

56


Akhil Bhartiya Samaj Sewa Sansthan (absss) Chitrakoot(u.p.)

Philosophy of ABSSS ­ ABSSS believes in Rachna (Creation) and Sangharsh (Non­Violence Struggle) to empower the

most marginalised and exploited sections. Hence, “Antya Ka Uday” – Rise of the last has been the core

developmental value statement of ABSSS by reflecting its meaning in all developmental interventions and initiatives

to build a society where adivasis, dalits and women get equal opportunity (socially, economically and culturally) to live

and work with dignity.

Vision of ABSSS­ Our Vision is “to see a prosperous society where all have equality, access to social justice and

opportunities for better livelihood.”

Mission of ABSSS ­ “Advocacy and lobbying for the rights of adivasis and dalits and strengthen local institutions in

the Bundelkhand Region to ensure self empowerment for Sustainable Development.”

Goals and Strategies of the ABSSS

Goal 1 :To improve accessibility of tribal and dalits children and youth to basic education and livelihood skills

respectively

Strategies

• Support early age (FE, NFE) and adult education based on local environment and culture;

• Promote education based on human values, social cohesion and local culture;

• To widen the range of knowledge and understanding of the social, economic and political system in order to create a

critical awareness about the environment;

• Increase employment generation skills and options among youths.

Goal 2 :To minimise gender inequality and undertake proactive women empowerment initiatives

Strategies

• Effective redressal mechanism on women exploitation and atrocities against women;

• Promotion and strengthening of grassroots level women’s organisations and networks to take up inequality and

empowerment related issues;

• Increased participation of women in Gram Sabhas and PRIs;

• Increased access by women to easy credit for creation of productive assets and income generation opportunities;

• Increased access by women to basic health support services.

• To improve the health status of women and children of dalit, tribals and backward communities

• To ensure that people have access to better health, education and sanitation in villages.

Goal 3 : To improve the socio­ economic and political conditions of the tribal and dalits and

facilitate them to have increased control over natural resources and its optimal utilisation

Strategies

• Land and water resource management & development;

• Improve rain­water harvesting and percolation for improving agricultural productivity;

• Promotion of agro­based support services;

• Value addition to local natural resources and marketing options;

• Improve scope for inform income generating activities;

Goal 4 :To improve community participation in local planning and strengthen of PRIs for increased access to

and use of developmental resources;

Strategies

• Capacity building of Gram Sabhas and PRIs;

• Strengthening of Gram Sabha members for their active participation and decision­making in local

governance process;

• Promotion of community managed village development information centres;

• Information dissemination on power of Gram Sabha and their role in mobilising resources for local area

development.

lQyrk ds lksiku] ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

57


Goal 5 : To strengthen the civil society and improve their access over information and opportunities

Strategies ­

• Strengthening of individuals, CBOs and networks to act as catalyst and pressure groups;

• Strengthening of local cadres and volunteers to identify and find solutions to address local problems effectively;

Goal 6: To promote and undertake necessary actions for protecting social justice and fundamental rights

among tribal and dalits

Strategies ­

• Situation assessment and documentation of ground realities to highlight violation and denial of social justice and

fundamental rights;

• Network with local civil society institutions and strengthen alliance to identity issues in relation to human rights

violations;

• Interface and exchange of information between the target groups and the government machinery;

• Public hearings between the effected families and concerned administration;

Issue based campaign and lobbying at both micro and micro level for redressal;

• Highlighting of issues by using local media and various other mediums; and

• Legal support and facilitation to effected families in the form of taking up both individual and common cases with

judiciary.

Goal 7 :To create a sustainable environment by influencing public policy at state level on pro­poor livelihood

and human rights issues

Strategies

• Promotion of a human rights resource centre to act as human rights violation watch­dog and support centre;

• Awareness building and sensitisation among tribal and dalits about their fundamental right to livelihood;

Issue based advocacy and lobbying of issues with government bureaucrats and legislative members;

• Policy advocacy to influence government policies on common issues;

• Public interest Litigations to draw attention of the judiciary for giving legal direction to concerned government

machinery for action and policy change;

• Workshops and seminars on pro­poor livelihood support and human rights related issues in regular interval ;

Developmental Priorities ­ ABSSS has the following three development priorities that are core to its intervention

process and on which other programme­wise thematic intervention issues are based to address widespread

poverty and deprivation that is rampant in the targeted programme locations :

• Improvement and upliftment of Tribals & Dalits in the materials situation such as provision for minimum livelihood

opportunities; opportunities for culturally sound and value based education; provision for basic health support &

improved environment

• Human rights protection, advocacy & legal support to reduce social imbalance and inequality among tribal and

dalits;

• Networking with like­minded civil society groups and make them proactive in addressing human rights and rural

entitlement issues in Bundelkhand region;

Strategic Issues

• Developing of a long­term perspective action plan on Bundelkhand region in relation to livelihood issues, education,

healthcare, sustainable agriculture, natural resource management, poverty, social exclusion and deprivation among

tribals and dalits;

• Masco and Macro level Policy advocacy and intervention in relation violation of basic rights among tribal;

• Strengthening the local cadres, social entrepreneurs among dalits and tribal; and

• Networking with local civil society organisations and concerned citizens for identification critical iissues to undertake

joint actions with object oriented focused programme interventions.

lQyrk ds lksiku ,d vuqdj.kh; vfHk;ku ¼4½

ABSSS

58

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