Hkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"V

rajyasabhahindi.nic.in

Hkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"V

Hkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"VjkT; lHkk lfpoky;ubZ fnYyhtwu] 2011


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ns'kHkj esa mRiék gksus okys dqy bZ&vif'k"V dk 70% fgLlk 10 jkT;ksa esa mRiékgksrk gS tcfd 65 'kgjksa esa Hkkjr ds dqy bZ&vif'k"V dk 60% fgLlk mRiékgksrk gSA lokZf/kd bZ&vif'k"V mRiék djus okys 10 jkT;ksa esa lcls igys LFkku ijegkjk"Vª vkSj mlds i'pkr~ rfeyukMq] vkU/kz izns'k] mÙkj izns'k] if'peh caxky]fnYyh] dukZVd] xqtjkr] e/; izns'k vkSj iatkc vkrs g®A lokZf/kd bZ&vif'k"VmRiUu djus okys 'kh"kZ 10 'kgjksa esa eqacbZ igys LFkku ij gS vkSj mlds i'pkr~fnYyh] caxyq:] psUuS] dksydkrk] vgenkckn] gSnjkckn] iq.ks] lwjr vkSj ukxiqjdk LFkku gSA 14Hkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"V dk eq[; lzksr ljdkjh] lkoZtfud vkSj futh ¼vkS|ksfxd½{ks= g® tks dqy mRiUu vif'k"V dk yxHkx 70% vif'k"V mRiUu djrs g®A blesafuth ?kjksa dk ;ksxnku vis{kkd`r de] yxHkx 15 izfr'kr] gksrk gS( 'ks"k ;ksxnkufofuekZrkvksa }kjk fd;k tkrk gSA ;|fi futh ?kjksa }kjk dEI;wVj ls mRiUu gksusokys vif'k"V esa T;knk ;ksxnku ug… gS] fQj Hkh os miHkksDrk oLrqvksa dk cM+hek=k esa mi;ksx djrs g® vkSj blfy, os vif'k"V ds laHkkO; mRiknd gksrs g®A 15o"kZ 2009 esa Hkkjrh; cktkj vuqla/kku C;wjks }kjk ^lzksr ij bZ&vif'k"V l`tu* dslaca/k esa fd, x, losZ{k.k ls ;g irk pyk fd Hkkjr esa mRiUu gksus okys dqybZ&vif'k"V dh ek=k esa Vsyhfotu vkSj loZjkas lfgr MsLdVkWi dEI;wVjksa dkfgLlk Øe'k% 68 izfr'kr vkSj 27 izfr'kr gSA blesa vk;kr vkSj eksckby QksuØe'k% 2 izfr'kr vkSj 1 izfr'kr gSAcM+s iSekus ij laxfBr bZ&vif'k"V iqupZØ.k lqfo/kk ds :i esa #M+dh esa ,VsjksiqupZØ.k la;a= tuojh] 2010 esa izkjaHk gqvkA orZeku esa bZ&vif'k"ViqupZØ.kdÙkkZvksa@iqu%izlaLdj.kdrkZvksa ds :i esa 23 bdkb;ka ftuds ikl i;kZoj.kdh n`f"V ls Bksl izca/ku lqfo/kk,a g®] ds Hkkjr ljdkj] i;kZoj.k vkSj ouea=ky;@dsUnzh; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ds ikl iathd`r gksus ds ckotwn lewphiqupZØ.k izlaLdj.k izfØ;k deksos'k vHkh Hkh vlaxfBr {ks= e— ekStwn gSA fnYyhesa ek;kiqjh es dksckYV&60 fofdj.k =klnh ftlesa ,d O;fDr dh tku pyh xbZFkh vkSj Ng O;fDr;ksa dks vLirky esa HkrhZ djkuk iM+k Fkk] psrkouh dh ?kaVh gS tks14^bZ&vif'k"V dk fuiVku] jkT; lHkk vrkjkafdr iz'u lañ 1887] fnukad 7-12-2009A;g Hkh nsf[k,] lat; tksx] Vsu LVsV~l dUVªhC;wV 70% vkWQ bZ&osLV tujsfVM bu bafM;k* fnQkbusfU'k;y ,Dlizsl] 13 ekpZ] 200815lrh'k flUgk] ^MkmulkbM vkWQ fMftVy fjoksY;w'ku*] VkWfDlDl fyad] 28 fnlEcj] 2007http://www.toxiclinic.org6


vif'k"V fuiVku ds elys ij izfØ;k laca/kh leL;kvksa dks mtkxj djrs gq, ns'kesa bZ&vif'k"V lfgr ifjladVe; vif'k"V dh c


l rjg dh Hkfo";okf.k;ka Hkkjr tSls fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa bZ&vif'k"V dhleL;k dk lek/kku djus dh rRdky vko';drk ij tksj nsrh gaS tgka ijbZ&vif'k"V ds ,d=.k vkSj izca/ku rFkk iqupZØ.k izlaLdj.k dk mfpr :i lsfofu;fer fd;k tkuk ckdh gSAla;qDr jk"Vª ds voj egklfpo vkSj la;qDr jk"Vª i;kZoj.k dk;ZØe dsdk;Zdkjh funs'kd vf'ke LVsuj ds vuqlkj ;fn bZ&vif'k"V ds iqupZØ.k dksvukSipkfjd {ks= ds Hkjksls ij NksM+ fn;k tkrk gS rks phu] Hkkjr] czkthy]eSfDldks vkSj vU; ns'kksa dks c


2-6 ehñ Vu bZ&vif'k"V iSnk gqvk tks dqy vif'k"V dk 1-4 izfr'kr cSBrk gSAvejhdk esa rhu izeq[k {ks=ksa }kjk bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V iSnk fd;k tkrk gS%• O;fDr;ksa vkSj y?kq O;olk;ksa }kjk(• cM+s O;olk;ksa] laLFkkuksa vkSj ljdkj }kjk( rFkkewy midj.k fofuekZrkvksa }kjkA 22?kjksa vkSj y?kq O;olk;ksa }kjk bysDVªkWfud midj.kksa] fo'ks"k :i ls dEI;wVjksa dkifjR;kx dj fn;k tkrk gS blfy, ug… fd os VwV tkrs g® cfYd blfy, fdlkekU;r% ubZ izkS|ksfxdh mUgsa iqjkuk vkSj vokaNuh; cuk nsrh gSA dHkh&dHkh u,lkWVos;j iqjkus gkMZos;j ds vuq:i ug… gksrs g® ftlls xzkgdksa ds ikl u,dEI;wVjksa dks [kjhnus ds vykok dksbZ fodYi ug… cprk gSA ,d fnu dsiqupZØ.k gsrq ,df=r dk;Z ls izkIr vkadM+ksa ls ;g irk pyk fd gVk;s x,50 izfr'kr ls vf/kd dEI;wVj dk;Z djus dh vPNh fLFkfr esa g® ijUrq bldsckotwn ubZ izkS|ksfxdh dk bLrseky djus ds fy, mudk ifjR;kx dj fn;kx;kA 23 O;fDr;ksa vkSj y?kq O;olk;ksa }kjk ifjR;kx fd, x, midj.k Bkslvif'k"V dk fgLlk curs g® ftudks eslkP;q,V~l vkSj dSfyQksfuZ;k jkT;ksa dksNksM+dj] tgka ij y®MfQy ij izfrca/k gS] y®MfQy vFkok Hkfê;ksa eas tyk;k tkrkgSA pwafd y®MfQy esa dEI;wVjksa dks Qsaduk dkuwuh :i ls voS/k gS blfy, cM+sO;olk;ksa dk bZ&vif'k"V iqu% bLrseky@iqupZØ.k@fu;kZr cktkj esa vk tkrk gSAewy midj.k fofuekZrkvksa vFkok vks bZ ,e ds ekeys esa bZ&vif'k"V rc mRiUugksrk gS tc lh/ks mRiknu dj jgh bdkb;ka xq.koÙkk ekudksa dks iwjk ugha djrh gSavkSj mudk fuiVku djuk iM+rk gSA dqN bdkb;ksa ds ikl vius iqupZØ.k la;a=gksrs g® tcfd vU; bdkb;ka vius bZ&vif'k"V ds izgLru ds fy, iqupZØ.kdEifu;ksa ds lkFk lafonk djrh gS ftudk izk;% fu;kZr dj fn;k tkrk gSAbUVjus'kuy ,lksfl,'ku vkWQ bysDVªkWfud fjlkbDylZ ¼vkbZ , bZ vkj½ }kjkizdkf'kr U;wtySVj ds vuqlkj ?kjsyw midj.k vkSj vkbZ Vh midj.kksa lfgr iqjkus22ogh lañ 723ogh9


ysDVªkWfud midj.kksa dks ;wukbVsM fdaxMe vkSj tkiku ds y®MfQy LFkyksa esaQasdk tkrk gSA 24bysDVªkWfud b.MLVªht+ ekfdZV fjlpZ ,.M ukWyst usVodZ ds vuqekuksa esa ;giwokZuqeku yxk;k x;k Fkk fd fo'oO;kih bZ&vif'k"V cktkj 8-8 izfr'kr dhvkSlr okf"kZd fodkl nj ls c


,syu g"kZdksfot dks ;g dgrs gq, m)`r fd;k x;k Fkk fd bZ&vif'k"V ds lkFkleL;k ;g gS fd ;g fo'oHkj esa E;qfufliy vif'k"V izokg dk lcls rsth lsc


ij O;kolkf;d LokLF;] lqj{kk vkSj i;kZoj.k laca/kh detksj fofu;e ekStwn gksrsg®A 28 1-4 Hkkjr esa fo|qr vkSj bysDVªkWfud m|ksx dk fodkl1-4-1 laf{kIr bfrgklgekjs izFke iz/kku ea=h iafMr tokgjyky usg: us 1961 esa dgk Fkk fdbysDVªkWfuDl] ijek.kq ÅtkZ vkfn ds vuqiz;ksx ls u;s jkLrs [kqyus dh otg lsfo'o esa ifjorZu dh xfr esa rsth vkbZ gSA mUgksaus ;g Hkh dgk Fkk fd ftu jk"VªksavFkok leqnk;ksa us bu ?kVukØeksa ds lkFk rky ls rky feykbZ gS os 'ks"k fo'o dslkFk feydj py ik jgs g®A okLro esa Hkkjr esa bysDVªkWfud m|ksx ljdkj }kjkdh xbZ igy vkSj mlds fu;a=.k esa o"kZ 1965 ds vklikl varfj{k vkSj j{kkizkS|ksfxdh dks /;ku esa j[kdj vkjaHk gqvkA ckn esa VªkaftLVj jsfM;ks] 'osr ';keVsfyfotu] dSydqysVjksa vkSj vU; JO; mRiknksa ds lkFk eq[;r% miHkksDrkbysDVªkWfuDl dk fodkl gqvkA mÙkjksÙkj iz/kku eaf=;ksa us gekjs jk"Vª ds lexzvk/kqfudhdj.k vkSj izxfr ds fy, vkS|ksfxd fodkl ,oa izxfr gsrq bysDVªkWfuDlij cy fn;kA iz/kku ea=h Jherh bfUnjk xka/kh ds dk;Zdky ds nkSjku oSKkfudksavkSj bathfu;jksa dks lnL; cukrs gq, fodkl gsrq bysDVªkWfuDl vk;ksx dh LFkkiukdh xbZ ftls mUgksaus egRoiw.kZ m|ksx dk ntkZ fn;kA iz/kku ea=h jktho xka/kh dsdk;Zdky ds nkSjku bysDVªkWfuDl dh vksj xEHkhjrkiwoZd /;ku fn;k x;k vkSj cknesa ns'kO;kih bysDVªkWfuDl Økafr ij dk;Zokgh djus ds fy, Bksl dk;ZØe cuk;kx;kA ubZ fnYyh esa 21 Qjojh] 1985 dks ^bysDVªkWfuDl ds {ks= esa fuos'k dsvolj* ij laxks"Bh dk mn~?kkVu djrs gq, mUgksaus dgk Hkkjr dh izxfr ds fy,bysDVªkWfuDl cgqr egRoiw.kZ gSA mUgksaus mYys[k fd;k fd Hkkjr vkS|ksfxd ØkfUrls vNwrk jg x;k Fkk ftlus fofo/k izdkj ds dkeksa dks djus esa ekuo dh 'kfDrdks vusd xq.kk c


xqtjus okyh gS ge le; ij blds lkFk rkjrE; ugha fcBk ldrs gSaA blfy,]mUgksaus blds ihNs nkSM+us vkSj Hkkjr dks 21oha 'krkCnh esa ys tkus ds fy, bldhvHkwriwoZ 'kfDr ds lkFk dne ls dne feykdj pyus ij cy fn;kA fo'okldk lapkj djrs gq, fd Hkkjr bls vatke nsus esa l{ke gS] mUgksaus crk;k fdbysDVªkWfuDl dk vuqiz;ksx m|ksx ds izR;sd {ks= ij vkSj ekuo thou vkSj lektds izR;sd {ks= ij ØkfUrdkjh izHkko MkysxkA loZizFke mUgksaus gh Hkkjr dks O;kidiSekus ij dEI;wVjksa ls voxr djk;k Fkk vkSj vusd izkS|ksfxdh ls lacaf/kr fe'kuksadh LFkkiuk dh Fkh ftuesa ls ,d nwjlapkj FkkA bl izdkj ds nwjnf'kZrkiw.kZ iz;klksaus ns'kHkj esa dEI;wVj vkSj nwjlapkj ØkfUr dks vkus] dke dh xfr esa rsth ykusrFkk rhoz xfr ls lEidZ lk/kus dk volj iznku fd;kA1984 ls 1990 ds chp dk dky ftls ^Lof.kZe dky* dgk tkrk gS] esabysDVªkWfuDl m|ksx us lrr vkSj rhoz izxfr dhA 1990 ds n'kd ls Hkkjrh;vFkZO;oLFkk ljdkj }kjk dM+kbZ ls fofu;fer gksus okyh O;oLFkk ls mnkjoknvkSj oSf'od vFkZO;oLFkk ds }kj [kksyus okys nkSj esa vk xbZ gSA 1991 esa gq,[kkM+h ;q) us vFkZO;oLFkk ij ladV mRiUu dj fn;k vkSj bysDVªkWfuDl m|ksx ijncko cuk fn;k fdUrq lHkh {ks=ksa esa fMthVykbts'ku rFkk 1990 ds n'kd dse/; esa lkWVos;j cwe ls fodkl tkjh jgkA 1997 esa] fo'o O;kikj laxBu¼MCY;w-Vh-vks-½ esa lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh le>kSrs ¼vkbZ-Vh-,-½ ij gLrk{kj fd,x, ftlesa Hkkjr us 2005 29 rd lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh ds gkMZos;jksa ij lHkh izdkj dslhek 'kqYdksa dks lekIr dj fn;k FkkAfoxr nks n'kdksa esa Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk esa mYys[kuh; o`f) gqbZ gSA lwpukizkS|ksfxdh {ks= us lEiw.kZ vkfFkZd o`f) esa egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku fn;k gSA gky ds o"kks±esa] bysDVªkWfud m|ksx rsth ls izxfr dj jgk gSA Hkkjr ds bysDVªkWfuDl dk cktkjtks 2004 esa 11-5 fcfy;u vesfjdu MkWyj Fkk] ls c


djus okyk bysDVªkWfuDl cktkj cuk fn;k FkkA Hkkjr esa fuEu fofuekZ.k ykxrksa]n{k Je 'kfDr] dPps ekyksa] vfHk;kaf=dh dh n{krkvksa dh miyC/krk vkSj ?kuhvkcknh okys Hkkjrh; cktkj esa ekax dh iwfrZ djus ds voljksa us bysDVªkWfuDlm|ksx ds fodkl dks c


dEI;wVjksa dh dqy fcØh% 2003&2009 32o"kZbdkb;ka2003&04 3]124]4222004&05 3]809]7242005&06 5]046]5582006&07 6]341]4512007&08 7]344]3062008&09 6]796]107fiNys dqN o"kks± esa ilZuy dEI;wVjksa dh fcØh esa cgqr mNky ns[kus esa vk;kgS] 2003&04 esa budh la[;k 3-1 fefy;u ls c


dkWjiksjsV dsVsfyLV bf.M;k }kjk bf.M;u daT;wej M~;wjscYl baMLVªhlaca/kh izfrosnu ds vuqlkj Vsyhfotuksa dh fcØh dk #[k ;g n'kkZrk gS fd fcØh2005 esa 8]867]000 bdkb;ksa ls c


nwjlapkj {ks= esa vkadM+ksa ds nzqr ikjs"k.k rFkk lsok usVodks± ds vko`fr&vk;ke¼cSaMfoM~Fk½ dks foLrkfjr djus gsrq rkack ds LFkku ij Qkbcj vkWfIVd izkS|ksfxdhds c


lds vfrfjDr] fodYiksa dh miyC/krk] thou dh cnyrh jrkj] rhoz'kgjhdj.k vkSj e/;e oxZ dh c


jkT;@la?k jkT;&{ks=MCY;wñbZñbZñbZñ ¼Vu½fcgkj 3055-6paMhx


jkT;@la?k jkT;&{ks=MCY;wñbZñbZñbZñ ¼Vu½iatkc 6958-5jktLFkku 6326-9flfDde 78-1rfeyukMq 13486-2f=iqjk 378-3mÙkj izns'k 10381-1mÙkjk[k.M 1641-1if'pe caxky 10059-4dqy 146180-7egkjk"Vª jkT; bl lwph esa 'kh"kZ ij gS tks izR;sd o"kZ 20]270 Vu bZ&vif'k"Vdk l`tu djrk gSA bZ&vif'k"V dk l`tu djus okys vU; vxz.kh jkT; rfeyukMq]vka/kz izns'k] mÙkj izns'k vkSj if'pe caxky gSaA1-5 i;kZoj.k laca/kh fpark,a vkSj LokLF; dks gksus okys [krjs43mPpre U;k;ky; ds funsZ'kksa dk vuqikyu djrs gq, jkT;ksa us nl foxr o"kks±e— [krjukd vif'k"V laca/kh vusd dkuwuksa dks vf/klwfpr fd;k gS rFkk [krjukdvif'k"V fuiVku laca/kh vusd lqfo/kkvksa dk fuekZ.k fd;k gSA rFkkfi] fu;a=dvkSj egkys[kkijh{kd dh fjiksVZ esa ik;k x;k fd 75 izfr'kr ls vf/kd jkT;fudk; bu dkuwuksa dks dk;kZfUor ugha dj jgs gSaA 44 i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; ds43Hkkjr ds ekuuh; mPpre U;k;ky; us fjlpZ QkmaMs'ku QkWj lkbal] VsDuksykWth ,aM uspqjyfjlkslZ ikWfylh cuke Hkkjr la?k ,oa vU; }kjk nk;j 1995 dh fjV ;kfpdk ¼flfoy½ lañ657 ds ekeys esa fnukad 14 vDrwcj] 2003 ds vius vkns'k ds tfj, vU; ckrksa dslkFk&lkFk dsUnz ljdkj dks ;g funsZ'k fn;k fd og mDr fjV ;kfpdk esa fn, x, bldsfunsZ'kksa ds le;ksfpr vuqikyu dk i;Zos{k.k djus gsrq fuxjkuh lfefr dk xBu djsA44ogh lañ 1021


vuqlkj orZeku ns'k esa [krjukd vif'k"V izca/ku gsrq 28 'kks/ku] HkaMkj.k vkSjfuiVku lqfo/kk,a ¼Vhñ,lñMhñ,Qñ½ dk;Zjr gSaA thou dh c


ldsafnzr gksrs gSa A fuEufyf[kr rkfydk esa vif'k"V bysfDVªdy vkSj bysDVªkWfudmidj.kksa esa gksus okys izeq[k iznw"kd rRoksa dks n'kkZ;k x;k gS%iznw"kd rRo vkSj vif'k"V bysfDVªdy ,oa bysDVªkWfud midj.kksa esa mudhmifLFkfr 47iznw"kdvklsZfudcsfj;eczksfeusVsMyse&izwfQax,tsaVdSMfe;eØksedksckYVrkacklhlkfyfDoM fØLVyfyfFk;eikjkfudsyihlhch¼ikWfyDyksjhuhd`rckbZ fQukby~l½lsysfu;ejt+rtLrkmifLFkfrlsehdaMDVlZ] Mk;ksM~l] ekbØksosOl] ,yñ bZñ Mhñ ¼ykbV&bfefVaxMk;ksM~l½] lksyj lSYlbysDVªkWu V~;wCl] IykfLVd vkSj jcj ds fy, dhi ¼fQyj½] Y;wfczdsaV,MhfVOldsflax] lfdZV cksMZ~l ¼IykfLVd½] dscYl ,aM ihñohñlhñ dscYlcSVfj;ka] fixesaV~l] lksYMj] ,ykW;t] lfdZV cksMZ~l] dEI;wVj cSVfj;ka]ekWuhVj dSFkksM js V~;wCl ¼lhñvkjñVhñ½Mkbt@fixesaV~l] fLop~l] lksyjbUlwysVlZdscyksa esa laokfgr] dkWij fjcu~l] Dokby~l] lfdZVjh] fixesaV~llhlk dh pktZ dh tkus okyh cSVfj;ka] lksyj] VªkaftLVlZ] fyfFk;ecSVfj;ka] ihñohñlhñ ¼ikWyhfouk;y DyksjkbM½ LVScykbtlZ] ystlZ],yñbZñMhñ] FkeksZbysfDVªd ,yhesaV~l] lfdZV cksMZ~lfMLIysteksckby VsyhQksu] QksVksxzkfQd midj.k] fofM;ks midj.k ¼cSVfj;ka½rkacs dh e'khuksa rFkk Hkki bLrfj;ksa esa la?kVd] ?kfM+;ksa ,oa ikWdsVdSydqysVjksa esa cSVfj;ka] fLop~l] ,yñlhñMhñ,ykW;t] cSVfj;ka] fjyst] lsehdaMDVlZ] fixesaV~lVªkalQkseZlZ] la/kkfj=] isUV] xksan] IykfLVd gsrq e`nqdj.kh; dkjdizdk'k oS|qr cSVfj;ka jatdkas] QksVksdkWih e'khu] QSDl e'khula/kkfjr] Lohp ¼dkWUVsDV~l½ cSVfj;ka] izfrjks/kdbLikr] ihry] feJ/kkrq] fuLrkj.kh; vkSj iqu% vkosf'kr fd, tkusokyh cSVfj;ka] iznhIr oLrq,a47,ysDts.Mj tSat ,aM cUMZ fcfyVsoLdh] ^gtkM~Zl lClVSalst bu osLV bysfDVªdy ,aMbysDVªkWfud bfDoiesaV* bu jkds'k tkSgjh] bZ&osLV% bEIyhds'kal] jsX;qys'kal ,aM eSustesaV bubafM;k ,aM djaV Xykscy cSLV izSfDVlst] VhñbZñvkjñvkbZ] ubZ fnYyh] 2008] i`"B 9323


1-5-2 gkfudkjd inkFkks± dk LokLF; vkSj i;kZoj.k ij izHkkobysDVªkWfud mRiknksa ds vif'k"Vksa esa fo"kkDr inkFkZ 'kkfey gksrs gSa tSls lfdZVcksMks± esa dSMfe;e vkSj lhlk( ekWfuVj ds dSFkksM js V~;wck— ¼lhvkjVh½ esa ySMvkDlkbM vkSj dSMfe;e( fLopksa vkSj ySV LØhu okys ekWfuVjksa esa ikjk( dEI;wVjdh cSVfj;ksa esa dSMfe;e( iqjkus la/kkfj=ksa vkSj VªkalQkWeZjksa esa ikWfyDyksjhuhd`rckbZfQukby( ,oa fizaVsM lfdZV cksMks±] IykfLVd vkoj.kksa] dscyksa vkSj ihohlhdscy bUlqys'ku ij yxs czksfeusVsM vfXujks/kdksa okys rkjksa ls rkez dks fudkyus dsfy, tc mUgsa tyk;k tkrk gS rks mlls vR;f/kd fo"kkDr MkW;vkDlhu vkSj;wjkWu fudyrh gSA 48 ,sls vusd inkFkZ fo"kkDr vkSj dSaljtud gksrs gSaA ;slkefxz;ka tfVy gksrh gSa vkSj fodflr ns'kksa dks Hkh buds i;kZoj.kh; vuqdwyrjhds ls iqupZØ.k djus esa dfBukbZ gksrh jgh gSAbysfDVªdy vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.kksa ds la?kVuksa esa mifLFkr gkfudkjdrRo] tks LokLF; vkSj i;kZoj.k ds fy, [krjukd lkfcr gks ldrs gSa] fuEufyf[krrkfydk esa lwphc) gSaA 49/kkrqlhlkIykfLVDlØksfe;e48ogh uañ 7 i`ñ 9[krjk,d ,slk U;wjksVkWfDlu tks o`ô vkSj iztuu ra= dks izHkkfor djrk gSAbldh vf/kd ek=k ?kkrd gks ldrh gSA ;g cPpksa ds ekufldfodkl dks izHkkfor djrk gSA lhvkjVh ¼dSFkksM js V~;wc½ dks ;kaf=dhrksM+&QksM+ djus vkSj ekbØksfpIl ls lksYMj dks gVkus ij blls pw.kZvkSj /kq,a ds :i esa lhlk fudyrk gSAlfdZV cksMks±] dSfcusV vkSj dscy esa ik;s tkrs gSa] ;s dSUljtud gksrsgSaA ch ,Q vkj vFkok czksehusVsM vfXujks/kd dSUljtud czksehusVsMMk;vkWDlhu ,oa ;wjkUl mRiUu djrs gSaA Mk;vkWDlhu iztuu vkSjizfrj{kh iz.kkyh dks gkfu igqapk ldrk gSA IykfLVd dk ,d la?kVd]ihohlh dks tykus ls Hkh Mk;vkWDlhu mRiUu gksrk gSA ch,Qvkj HkjkbZdpjksa ls fu{kkfyr gksdj uhps tk ldrk gSA dEI;wVj dsfcusVksa ijmifLFkr /kwy esa Hkh ch,Qvkj gksrs gaSAbldk iz;ksx dEI;wVj esa iz;qDr /kkrq ds


kkrqikjkcsjhfy;edSMfe;evEy[krjkØksfe;e 6 ds vUnj tkus ij ;g ;d`r vkSj o`Dd dks {kfr igqapkrkgS vkSj vLFkkeSfVd czksadkbfVl ls lacaf/kr O;kfè;ksa ,oa QsQM+ksa e—dSalj dk dkjd cu ldrk gSA;g dsUnzh; raf=dk ra=] o`Dd vkSj izfrj{kh iz.kkyh dks izHkkfor djrkgSA ;g Hkzw.k ds fodkl esa ck/kk igaqpkrk gS vkSj Lruiku ds }kjkuotkrksa dks gkfu igqapkrk gSA ;g lfdZV cksMks± ,oa Lohpksa dks rksM+usvkSj tykus ls fudyrk gSA ty fudk;ksa esa mifLFkr ikjk lw{ethoksadh xfrfof/k;ksa ds ek/;e ls esfFkfyr ikjk dk :i ys ldrk gSAesfFkfyr ikjk fo"kkDr gksrk gS vkSj tyh; ek/;e ls ekuo [kkn~; esaizos'k dj ldrk gSA;g Lohp cksMks± vkSj fizaVsM lfdZV cksMks± esa ik;k tkrk gSA ;g dSUljtudgksrk gS vkSj QsQM+k— ls lacaf/kr O;kfè;ksa dk dkjd gksrk gSA;g dSUljtud gksrk gSA blds lEidZ esa yEcs le; rd jgus ls^bVkbZ&bVkbZ* jksx gks tkrk gS ftlls tksM+ksa vkSj es#n.M esa vR;ar&vfèdnnZ gksus yxrk gSA ;g o`Dd dks izHkkfor djrk gS vkSj vfLFk;ksa dksdetksj dj nsrk gSA IykfLVd~l lhvkjVh vkSj lfdZV cksMks± dh filkbZvkSj is"k.k djrs oDr dSMfe;e pw.kZ ds :i esa i;kZoj.k esa fueqZDr gkstkrk gSA dSMfe;e /kwy ds lkFk fueqZDr gksdj lrgh ty ,oa Hkwtyesa izos'k dj ldrk gSAlY;wfjd vkSj gkbMªksDyksfjd vEyksa dk iz;ksx lfdZV cksMks± ls /kkrqdks i`Fkd djus gsrq fd;k tkrk gSA ,sls /kq,a ftuesa Dyksjhu vkSjlYQj Mk;vkWDlkbM gksrs gaS] mlls 'okl laca/kh leL;k,a gksrh gaSA osvk¡[kksa vkSj Ropk ds fy, {k;dkjh gksrs gS®Avf/kdka'k bysDVªkWfud oLrqvksa esa ikjk tSlh fo"kkDr /kkrq,a vkSj jlk;u dkQhek=k esa gksrs g®] ftls vc fodflr ns'kksa esa pj.kc) rjhds ls lekIr fd;k tkjgk gSA ikjk ifjorZu'khy gksrk gS vkSj fdlh Hkh :i esa pkgs vdkcZfud]dkcZfud vFkok rkfRod :i esa gks] tgjhyk gksrk gSA bldk dkcZfud la?kVdfeFkkby ikjk oSKkfud :i ls raf=dk ds fy, fo"kkDr lkfcr gqvk gS tksefLr"d dks {kfr igaqpkrk gSA ;g tsuks&VkWfDld Hkh gS D;ksafd ;g IyslsaVk ,oaCyM&czsu csjh;j ds ek/;e ls xqtjrk gS vkSj Hkzw.k dks tksf[ke esa Mky nsrk gSA ikjsdks dsUnzh; raf=dk ra=] QsQM+s vkSj o`Dd dks xaHkhj :i ls vkSj LFkk;h {kfr25


igaqpkus okys inkFkZ ds :i esa tkuk tkrk gSA ;g ruko vkSj vkRegR;k dh izo`fÙkdks izsfjr dj ldrk gS vkSj i{kk?kkr] vYtkbelZ jksx] okd~ ,oa n`f"V ck/kk],ythZ] gkbiksLifeZ;ka vkSj uiqladrk dk dkjd cu ldrk gSA ikjk tSo&laxzg.ktks lw{e thoksa esa curk gS vkSj tSo&foLrkj ¼tks [kkn~; Ük`a[kyk dks {kfr iznkudjrk gS½ djrk gSA la;qDr jk"Vª i;kZoj.k dk;ZØe ;w,ybZih dh Xykscy ejdjh,lslesaV fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj feFkkby ejdjh dh vofLFkfr esa FkksM+h&lh Hkh o`f)g`n;&okfgdk laca/kh ra=ksa dks izHkkfor dj ldrh gSA 50bZ&vif'k"V esa eq[; :i ls inkFkks± vkSj la?kVdksa dk lw{e Lrj rd ds tfVyla;kstu lfEefyr gksrs gSaA vif'k"Vksa dks egt iqupZØ.k gsrq ugha rksM+k tkrkcfYd blesa ls iquizkZi.k&;ksX; lkefxz;ka tSls IykfLVd] ykSg] vY;qfefu;e]rkez vkSj Lo.kZ izkIr gksrh gaSA rFkkfi] pwafd bZ&vif'k"V esa ,sls inkFkks± dh i;kZIrlkUnzrk Hkh gksrh gS tks ekuo LokLF; vkSj i;kZoj.k ds fy, [krjukd gksrs gaS]vof'k"V vif'k"V esa bZ&vif'k"V dh FkksM+h&lh Hkh ek=k esa izfof"V blesa vis{kkd`rvR;f/kd ek=k esa Hkkjh /kkrq vkSj gsyksftusVsM inkFkks± dks lfufo"V dj ysxkAvif'k"V 'kks/ku ds nkSjku vFkok tc mUgsa dpjk HkjkbZ&LFky esa Mky fn;k tkrk gSvFkok blds vkl&ikl iM+s jgus fn;k tkrk gS rc ,sls gkfudkjd inkFkZvklikl dh feêh] ty vkSj gok ls izos'k dj tkrs gSa os dHkh u dHkh ekuoLokLF; vkSj ifjfLFkfrdh; ra= ij izfrdwy izHkko MkysaxsAtc rd mi;qDr lqj{kk mik; ugha fd, tkrs gSa] ;s fo"kkDr inkFkZ deZpkfj;ksavkSj vkl&ikl ds vU; O;fDr;ksa tks gkFkksa ls vif'k"V dks NkaVrs gSa vkSj bUgsalalkf/kr djrs gSaa] ds 'kjhj esa• 'olu uyh ds ek/;e ls]• Ropk ds ek/;e ls] vFkok• eq[k ds 'ys"ek f>Yyh vkSj ikpu {ks= ds ek/;e ls izos'k 51 djdsmuds LokLF; dks cqjs rjhds ls izHkkfor dj ldrs gSaA50vk'kkd`".k dqekj] ^^bEiksfV±x Msatj] Qza Vykbu]’’ oksY;we 20] vad 25] 06&19 fnlEcj]200351ogh lañ 47 i`ñ 9126


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vc rd ewyr% pkj rjhdksa ls bZ&vif'k"Vksa dks lalkf/kr fd;k tkrk jgk gSAijUrq fdlh Hkh rjhds dks iw.kZr% larks"ktud ugha ik;k x;k gSA lcls lkekU;rjhdk bZ&vif'k"V dks dpjk HkjkbZ LFkyksa esa Hk.Mkj.k fd;k tkrk jgk gS] ijUrq;g iwoZ esa of.kZr ty cgko ds lHkh [krjksa ls Hkjiwj gSA iqjkus vFkok mfpr


lls ;g [krjk f}rh;d mRiknksa esa pyk tkrk gS ftUgsa varr% fuiVk fn;k tkukiM+rk gSA ,d n`f"Vdks.k ;g dgrk gS fd tc rd xSj&[krjukd lkefxz;ksa dsmi;ksx gsrq mRiknksa ds jhfMtkbu dk y{; ugha j[kk tkrk gS rc rd iqupZØ.k,d lgh lek/kku ugha gks ldrk gSA 54 nwljh vksj fnYyh fLFkr ^n VkWfDlDl*fyad&xSj&ljdkjh laxBu dk ekuuk gS fd iqupZØ.k egt i;kZoj.k ds fy, ghvPNk ugha gS cfYd O;olk; dk ,d vPNk rjhdk Hkh gSAbl rjg] iqupZØ.k ,d egRoiw.kZ lek/kku gS fo'ks"k :i ls ;fn ge ;gfopkj djrs g® fd bZ&vif'k"V esa vusd cgqewY; vkSj nqyZHk inkFkZ gksrs g®A 5554ogh i`ñ 655jkT; lHkk lfpoky; ds vuqla/kku ,dd }kjk rS;kj dh xbZ ^bZ&osLV bu bafM;k* ukedizk:i i`"BHkwfe ij fnukad 5 vizSy] 2011 dks bZ&esy }kjk ubZ fnYyh fLFkr ^VkWfDlDlfyad* ds ,lksfl,V funs'kd] Jh lrh'k flUgk }kjk dh xbZ fVIi.kh ,oa lq>ko29


2bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V dk iqupZØ.k % vlaxfBr {ks= dh ,dQyrh&Qwyrh vFkZO;oLFkk2-1 gkfudkjd vif'k"V dk oSf'od O;kikj[krjukd vif'k"V rFkk vU; vif'k"Vksa ls tqM+s lHkh varjkZ"Vªh; djkjksa esa ls[krjukd vif'k"V ds ns'k&okj ifjpkyu] ml ij fu;U=.k vkSj muds fuiVkulaca/kh&csly vfHkle; lcls vf/kd O;kid i;kZoj.kh; djkj gSA vif'k"VrFkk vU; lacaf/kr inkFkks± ds mRiknu] izca/ku] ns'k&ikj ifjpkyu ls gksus okysizfrdwy izHkkoksa ls ekuo LokLF; rFkk i;kZoj.k ds cpko rFkk vif'k"Vksa dsfuiVku ds iz;kstu gsrq bls o"kZ 1989 esa Lohdkj fd;k x;k Fkk vkSj o"kZ 1992 ls;g izHkko esa gSA izkjEHk esa] blesa bZ&osLV vFkkZr bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V dk mYys[kugha Fkk ysfdu o"kZ 2006 ds var esa csly djkj ds i{kdkjksa ds lEesyu esaviuh dk;kZof/k iwjh dj pqds tyiksrksa ds eqís ds lkFk&lkFk bysDVªkWfud vif'k"Vds eqís ij Hkh ppkZ dh xbZA orZeku esa bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V] eksckby Qksu]iksyhDyksfjusVsM ck;fQukby ¼ih lh oh½ rFkk m|ksx esa rki&fofue; nzoksa ds:i esa] bysfDVªd VªkalQkWeZjksa esa rFkk la/kkfj=ksa esa iz;ksx esa vkus okys ;kSfxd cslyvfHkle; }kjk fofu;fer gksus okys vif'k"Vksa esa ls gSaA vr% bysDVªkWfud vif'k"VinkFkks± esa vf/kdka'k fu;kZr csly vfHkle; ds izfrdwy gSA2-1-1 bZ&vif'k"V dk c


la;qDr jk"Vª i;kZoj.k dk;ZØe ¼;w ,u bZ ih½ ds dk;Zdkjh funs'kd vphe LVsujus dgk fd% ^^tSls&tSls oSf'od O;kikj esa foLrkj gksxk vkSj dM+s ?kjsyw fu;a=.kls fodflr ns'kksa esa [krjukd vif'k"V inkFkks± ds fuiVku dh ykxr c


vif'k"V lkexzh fcuk fdlh NaVkbZ ds gh bdV~Bh csp nh tkrh gSA bysDVªkWfudvif'k"V dh nykyh ,d cgqr gh tksjnkj vkSj izfrLi/khZ O;olk; gS vkSj lHkhizdkj ds bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V ds Øsrk ,f'k;kbZ cktkj esa lnSo miyC/k gksrs g®A2-1-2 oSf'od vif'k"V O;kikj vFkZO;oLFkk esa izeq[k dkjdvif'k"V inkFkks± ds vf/kdka'k O;kikj dh Hkkafr gh fodkl'khy ns'kksa dks fd;ktkus okyk bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V fu;kZr ml Øwj oSf'od vFkZ'kkL= ls lapkfyrgksrk gS ftlesa cktkj dh rkdrsa ;fn mUgsa vfu;af=r NksM+ fn;k rks os ;g r;djrh g® fd fo"kSys vif'k"V inkFkZ vFkZ ekxZ de izfrjks/k okys vkfFkZd ekxZ dhvksj mUeq[k gk—xsA 58 voS/k fu;kZr rc laHko gks tkrk gS] tc i;kZoj.k vkSjO;olk; laca/kh fofu;e ekStwn u gk—] U;wure gk—] f'kfFky gk— vFkok mudk izorZulgh rjhds ls u gks tSlh fLFkfr dqN fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa ns[kus dks feyrh gS buns'kksa esa vkus okys@okyh vYiJe ykxr Hkh vif'k"V inkFkks± ds fu;kZr dks cynsrh gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, phu esa Je dh ykxr izfrfnu 1-50 MkWyj gSA 59blds vfrfjDr fu;kZrd ns'k ds fy, ns'k esa gh vif'k"V inkFkZ dks jh&lkbfdydjus ;k mldk fuiVku djus ds ctk; mldk fu;kZr dj nsuk T;knk ykHkdkjhfodYi gksrk gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, ;wjksi vFkok la;qDr jkT; vejhdk dsvif'k"V inkFkZ fu;kZrdksa dks muds vius gh ns'k esa fdlh dEI;wVj dks lqjf{krrjhds ls jh&lkbfdy djus esa 20 MkWyj dk Hkqxrku djuk iM+rk gS] tcfd osmlh dEI;wVj dks fodkl'khy ns'kksa dks vukSipkfjd O;kikfj;ksa esa mDr ykxrdh vk/kh dher ij csp ldrs gSaA 60 blds vykok] ;wukbVsM fdaxMe esa ,d Vueycs dks vyx&vyx djus ds fy, jh&lkbfdy djus dh izfØ;k ij 12]000#i, dh ykxr vkrh gS tcfd blh eycs dks ty;ku ls Hkkjr Hkstus ij egt2800 #i, dk [kpZ vkrk gSA 6158n csly ,D'ku usVodZ ¼ch , ,u½ ,aM flfydkWu oSyh VkWfDlDl dksfy'ku ¼,l oh Vhlh½ ,DliksfV±x gkeZ n gkbZ&Vsd Fkzsf'kax vkWQ ,f'k;k] 25 Qjojh] 2002 i`ñ 1159'okZt+j ,l-] ,- Mh- cksuks vkfn ^bZ&osLV fn fgMsu lkbM vkWQ vkbZ Vh bfDoiesaV~lesU;wQSDpfjax ,aM ;wt*] ,UokW;juesaV vyVZ cqysfVu ¼;w ,u bZ ih vyhZ okfu±x vkWubefT±kx ,UokW;juesaVy FkzsV~l] lañ 5½] 200560thñ ,lñ eqnqj] ^^jsLV bu ihlst**( fn VsyhxzkQ] 28 ekpZ] 200461jk/kk osadVs'ku] ^^bt bafM;k , Xykscy VªS'k dsu\**] fn VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k] 24 vizSy]201032


vejhdk esa o"kZ 1975 ds ¼57 fefy;u Vu½ [krjukd vif'k"V ds eqdkcyso"kZ 2002 esa ikap xquk T;knk ¼265 fefy;u Vu½ [krjukd vif'k"V dkmRiknu gqvkAns'k ds vanj ,sls vif'k"V dh izgLru ykxr inkFkZ ds fo"kSysiu rFkk lfØ;rkds vk/kkj ij vR;f/kd gksxhA vr% fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa fo"kSys vif'k"V dkstyiksr ls Hkstuk T;knk fdQk;rh gksxk] tc ykxr ux.; T;knk gksA blfdQk;r dks ns[krs gq, vkS|ksxhd`r ns'kksa esa dqN daifu;ksa }kjk fu;kZr ,d izPNUufodYi pquus tSlk gSA bu voS/k fu;kZrksa dks T;knkrj ^nku* vFkok ^iqupZØ.k*ds uke ls U;k;ksfpr Bgjk;k tkrk gSA bu fof/k;ksa lssss] iqjkuh iM+ pqdh phtsavkS|ksxhd`r ns'kksa ls fodkl'khy ns'kksa dks Hkst nh tkrh g®] tgka mudk bLrsekydqN vkSj o"kks± rd fd;k tk ldrk gSA mnkgj.k ds fy,] o"kZ 2005 esa Hkkjr dsyxHkx 5 fefy;u ilZuy dEI;wVjksa esa ls yxHkx 1-38 fefy;u dEI;wVj ;k rks486 okys ekWMy Fks 2005 ls yxHkx vkB lky iqjkus@vFkok blls Hkh T;knkiqjkusA 62iqu% iz;ksx vFkok iqupZØ.k ls fdlh mRikn dk thou pØ yack gks ldrkgS] ysfdu 'kh?kz gh] ;g mRikn vif'k"V inkFkks± dh eq[; /kkjk esa 'kkfey gkstkrk gSA blfy, tgka fodflr ns'k vif'k"V fuiVku dh leL;k ls dkuwuh :ils cp tkrs g®] ogha fodkl'khy ns'kksa ds le{k vif'k"V fuiVku dh fodVleL;k vk [kM+h gksrh gSA2-1-3 bysDVªkfud iqupZØ.k ds loksZRd`"V vax ds :i esa vif'k"V O;kikjfuLlansg vif'k"V vk;kr ,d vkd"kZd vkfFkZd O;kikj gSA iz;qDr bysDVªkWfudmRiknksa ds vk;kr ds ihNs izeq[k mís'; gS&bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V esa feyus okyhewY;oku /kkrqvksa rFkk oLrqvksa dk fu"d"kZ.k] ftlesa Hkkjh ek=k esa feyus okysbLikr] ,Y;qfefu;e] rkack] fVu] fudy bR;kfn] vis{kkd`r de ek=k esafeyus okys dSMfe;e rFkk ikjk] rFkk vR;ar vYi ek=k esa feyus okys csfj;e]fudy] lksuk] VkbVsfu;e] dksckYV] iSysfM;e] eSaxuht] pkanh] IysfVue bR;kfn'kkfey gksrs g®A ;s fofo/k&oLrq,a u, mRiknksa ds fuekZ.k esa mi;ksxh dPph lkexzhdk HkaMkj eqgS;k djkrh g®A vdk;Z'khy midj.kksa vFkok bZ&vif'k"V ds fy,62ogh lañ 5933


lcls cM+k cktkj ifjiFk iV~V dk gksrk gS] ftuesa pkanh] lksuk] iSysfM;e rFkkIysfVue tSls dherh /kkrq Hkkjh ek=k esa ekStwn gksrs g®A bu vo;oksa dsfu"d"kZ.k gsrq viukbZ tkus okyh iq[rk izca/ku i)fr;ksa ij cgl gks ldrh gSArFkkfi] fu;kZr vkSj vk;kr O;kikj bysDVªkWfud iqupZØ.k dk ,d egRoiw.kZ igywcu pqdk gSAblds vfrfjDr izlaLd`r IykfLVd rFkk mi;ksfxrk&vof/k iwjh dj pqdsbysDVªªkWfud midj.kksa ls izkIr vU; dPph lkefxz;ksa ds T;knkrj cktkj vejhdkls ckgj g®A okLro esa] vejhdk esa rkacs dks xykus vFkok ifjiFk iê ls cgqewY;/kkrqvksa dks izkIr djus ds fy, dksbZ izxkyd gS gh ughaA fo'o esa ikap izeq[krkack rFkk cgqewY; /kkrq izxkyd dukMk] csfYt;e] LohMu] teZuh rFkk tkiku esafLFkr gSaA mÙkjh vejhdk eas dSFkksM js V~;wc ¼lh vkj Vh½ dh dksbZ dkap Hkêhugha gS vkSj fo'oHkj esa ,slh Hkfê;ka 20 ls Hkh de g®A yxHkx 15 Hkfê;ka ,f'k;k¼vFkkZr~ nf{k.k dksfj;k] eysf'k;k] Hkkjr] FkkbySaM] flaxkiqj rFkk phu½ rFkk ,diksySaM esa gSA ^lhvkjVh* HkXudkap dh ekax fujarj cuh gksus ds ckotwn dkapHkfê;ksa dh la[;k vi;kZIr rFkk de gSA ljdkjh izfrca/kksa ds dkj.k Hkh pqukSrhvkSj tfVy gks tkrh gSA 632-1-4 vif'k"V O;kikj ds lk/kuksa ds :i esa eqDr O;kikj le>kSrssvif'k"V inkFkks± laca/kh oSf'od vk/kkj dk ,d xkS.k i{k] ftlesa dqN fpark,alkeus j[kh g®] ;g gS fd tkiku tSls fodflr ns'k vius vif'k"V inkFkZfodkl'khy ns'kksa esa Hkstus gsrq eqDr O;kikj le>kSrs ¼,QVh,½ vFkok dfFkr^^vkfFkZd lk>snkjh le>kSrkas ¼bZih,½ bl dk Hkjiwj ykHk mBk jgs g®A bl^bZih,* O;oLFkk ds varxZr T;knkrj v?kksf"kr vny&cny okys le>kSrs Hkh'kkfey gksrs g®] tSls fQyhihUl dks tkiku ds ?kjsyw rFkk u£lax yscj ekdsZV esaizos'k nsus dk oknk] vFkok FkkbySaM dks cSadkWd gsrq ,d Hkkjh Lrj ds fuos'k dkiSdstA 6463baLVhV~;wV vkWQ LØSi fjlkbfDayx baMLVªht bad ¼vkbZ ,l vkj bZ½] ^bysDVªkWfud fjlkbfDyax*]64^^xzhuihl] tkiku fV~ofLVax vkElZ vkWQ ,f'k;u usclZ Vw Vsd VkWfDld osLV**16 Qjojh] 2007 34


o"kZ 2004 ls] tkiku rFkk FkkbySaM dh ljdkj— vkSipkfjd :i ls ml eqDrO;kikj le>kSrs ij ckrphr dj jgh g® ftlds rgr FkkbySaM dks vR;f/kd la[;kesa tkiku ls fu;kZr gksus okys [krjukd vif'k"V inkFkks± ij iz'kqYd lekfIr dhekax dh xbZ gSAFkkbySaM dks /kkrqey] uxjh; vif'k"V ds tyk, x, vof'k"V] jklk;fudvkSj lac) m|ksxksa vkSj vLirkyksa ds vif'k"V lfgr vif'k"V dks ysuk gksxkA 65vesfjdk] vkWLVªsfy;k] fczVªsu] U;wthySaM] dukMk vkSj nf{k.k dksfj;k mu vU;vkS|ksfxd ns'kksa esa 'kkfey gaS tks bu ekStwnk [kkfe;ksa ds pyrs] fd vif'k"V dhdqN fdLeksa dks iqupZØ.k ds fy, Hksts tkus dh vuqefr gS] FkkbySaM] fQyhihalvkSj baMksusf'k;k lfgr nf{k.k&iwohZ ,f'k;kbZ ns'kksa dks dpjs dk fu;kZr djrs jgsg®A 66 ,slh lwpuk gS fd tkiku vkSj ;wjksih; la?k Hkkjr ds lkFk blh rjg ds eqDrO;kikj le>kSrs ds fy, orZeku esa okrkZ dj jgs g® ftlds ifj.kkeLo:i vif'k"Vds vk;kr esa cM+s iSekus ij o`f) gks ldrh gS vkSj tks gekjs i;kZoj.kh; lqj{kkekudksa dks xaHkhj :i ls ck/kk igaqpk ldrs gSaA Hkkjr vkSj ;wjksih; la?k ds chpeqDr O;kikj le>kSrs ds fy, py jgh okrkZ ds ,d fgLls ds jgL;ksn~?kkVu usdqN vk'kadk iSnk dh gSA Hkkjr ;wjksih; la?k ds chp eqDr O;kikj le>kSrs dsyhd gq, m)j.k esa vif'k"V ds fy, u, 'kCn xh tk,axhA** vkSj ;g fd ^^xSj&ubZ oLrqvksa** ds fy, vk;kr&fu;kZr'kqYdksa tSlk dksbZ izfrca/k ugha gksxkA bl izdkj] vif'k"V dk vk;kr u, mRiknksadh rjg le>k tk,xkA 67f}i{kh; ;k eqDr O;kikj le>kSrs ds ek/;e ls vif'k"V ds v;kr ds fy,fodkl'khy ns'kksa ij c


iqupZØ.k ds dkjksckj dks c


Z&vif'k"V ds vk;kr vkSj izca/ku ds laca/k esa u, izk:i fu;eksa ij fopkjfd;k tk jgk gSA tc rd fd ;s fu;e vf/klwfpr ugha fd, tkrs] rc rdgkfudkjd vif'k"V inkFkks± ¼izca/ku] gFkkyu vkSj lhekikj vkokxeu½ fu;e]2008 bZ&vif'k"V lfgr gkfudkjd vif'k"Vksa ds vk;kr&fu;kZr ;k lhekikjvkokxeu dks fofu;fer djrs g®A bu fu;eksa ds vuqlkj fuiVku ds fy,gkfudkjd vif'k"V inkFkks± ds vk;kr dh vuqefr ugha gSA rFkkfi] iquiZz;ksx]iqupZØ.k vkSj iqul±lk/ku ds fy, gh flQZ vif'k"V inkFkks± ds vk;kr dhvuqefr gSA gkfudkjd vif'k"V inkFkks± ds iqupZØ.k esa yxh bdkb;ksa dhfuxjkuh djus dh ftEesnkjh jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ;k la?k jkT; {ks=ksa esa iznw"k.kfu;a=.k lfefr dh gksrh gSA bu fu;eksa ds rgr vk;kr dh tkus okyh lHkh egRoiw.kZ[ksiksa ds lkFk ewoesaV nLrkost vkSj ekU;rk&izkIr iz;ksx'kkyk ls tkap fjiksVZ ;k fdlhekU;rk&izkIr vfHkdj.k ls ynku iwoZ fujh{k.k izek.ki= gksuk pkfg,A 71izLrkfor bZ&vif'k"V inkFkZ fu;e] 2011 bZ&vif'k"V ds vk;kr@fu;kZr dsekeys dk lek/kku ugha djrs g®A gkfudkjd vif'k"V inkFkZ ftlesa bZ&vif'k"VHkh 'kkfey gS] dk lhekikj vkokxeu gkfudkjd vif'k"V inkFkZ fu;e] 2008ds }kjk fofu;fer gksrk gSA i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; dh vuqefr vkSj fons'kO;kikj egkfuns'kky; ls ykblsal ysus ds ckn flQZ okLrfod iz;ksxdrkZvksa dsfy, bZ&vif'k"V inkFkks± ds vk;kr ij fopkj fd;k tk ldrk gSA 722-2-1 vk;kr fu;eksa ds mnkjhdj.k ds laca/k esa Hkkjr dk #[kiqu%fufeZr mRiknksa dk oSf'od O;kikj 100 fcfy;u vesfjdh MkWyj lsvfèd gks x;kA vU; ,f'k;kbZ ns'kksa dh rjg Hkkjr us Hkh vius vk;kr fu;eksa dksmnkj cukus vkSj vius cktkjksa eas fodflr ns'kksa ds iqu%fufeZr mRiknksa dks cspusdh vuqefr nsus ds fy, fodflr ns'kksa dk ncko eglwl fd;k gSA vesfjdk]fLoV~tjySaM vkSj tkiku tSls ns'kksa }kjk ;g rdZ fn;k tkrk gS fd iqu%fufeZroLrqvksa ds O;kikj dks c


dks Qk;nk gksxk D;ksafd ,d rjQ rks ogka de ykxr vkSj mPp xq.koÙkk dsmRiknksa dh miyC/krk c


lds vfrfjDr] nku ds iz;kstukFkZ ;k iqufcZØh gsrq iqjkus dEI;wVjksa dkO;kikj djus ds fy, dksbZ vk;kr&fu;kZr lafgrk ugha gSA Hkkjrh; lhek iz'kqYdvfèfu;e esa iqjkus vkSj u, nksuksa rjg ds dEI;wVjksa dks ,d gh vk;kr&fu;kZrlafgrk esa j[kk tkrk gS ftlls fu;kZrd u, dEI;wVjksa ds lkFk iqjkus dEI;wVj'kkfey dj nsrs g®A blds vykok] fons'k O;kikj egkfuns'kky; ds fu;eO;k[;k ds laca/k esa f'kfFky g® tks lhek 'kqYd izkf/kdkfj;ksa dks LFky ij fu.kZ;ysus vkSj fu;eksa esa NwV nsus dk ekSdk nsrs g®A bl izdkj] ;fn iqjkus dEI;wVjksa dhfdlh [ksi dks fcuk ykblsal ds idM+k tkrk gS rks O;kikjh tqekZuk nsdj viukeky NqM+ok ysrs g®A vk;krdrkZ voS/k :i ls vk;kfrr eky dk de vkdyudjkdj iwjs tqekZus ls cp tkrs g®A 75fodflr ns'kksa }kjk gekjs ns'k dks gkfudkjd bZ&vif'k"V dk fu;kZr djus dsfy, dkuwu esa fd, x, ,sls mica/kksaa dk nq#i;ksx fd;k tk ldrk gSA bZ&vif'k"Vij u, izk:i fu;e 16 v/;k; VI esa dgk x;k gS fd izR;sd mRiknudrkZ]forjd] laxzg dsUnz] fjQjfc'kj] Hkatd] iqupZØ.kdrkZ] miHkksDrk ;k Fkksd miHkksDrkvius mi;ksx ds fy, iqjkus bysfDVªdy vkSj bysDVªkWzfud midj.k ;k dyiqtks±dk Hkkjr esa vk;kr ugha dj ldrs bu lkekuksa dk vk;kr ejEer] fjQjfc'kesaV;k mRiknd dh yacs le; dh tokcnsgh ¼bZihvkj½ ds mn~ns'; ds fy, fd;ktk ldrk gSA ;g rF; fd] bZ&vif'k"V dk vk;kr /kkrq dckM+ vkSj iqjkusbysfDVªdy midj.kksa ds uke ij fQj Hkh fd;k tk ldrk gS] xaHkhj fpark dkfo"k; gSAizLrkfor bZ&vif'k"V fu;e] 2011 ds vuqlkj Hkkjr esa mi;ksx ds fy, iqjkusbysfDVªdy vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.k dk vk;kr djus ls lacaf/kr [kaM dks gVkfn;k x;k gSA rFkkfi] okf.kT; ea=ky; dh vk;kr&fu;kZr uhfr ds vuqlkj iqjkusdEI;wVj ftlesa O;fDrxr dEI;wVj@ySiVkWi vkSj fjQjfc'M@jhdaMh'kaM iqtks± dkvk;kr 'kkfey gS] izfrcaf/kr gSA 7675ogh76^bZ&osLV bu bafM;k* 'kh"kZd ls jkT; lHkk lfpoky; ds vuqla/kku ,dd }kjk rS;kj dhiwoZ ihfBdk ds izk:i ij i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; }kjk dh xbZ fVIif.k;ka vkSj lq>koAdk;kZy; Kkiu la[;k 23&4@2011 ,p ,l ,e Mh] fnukad 19 vizSy] 201139


2-2-3 lqHks| iÙku vkSj tkap lqfo/kkvksa dh dehlHkh iÙkuksa esa] eqEcbZ iÙku U;kl vkSj tokgjyky usg: iÙku U;kl esalcls T;knk ek=k esa gkfudkjd oLrq,a ikbZ xbZ g®A 77 oSf'od vif'k"V dkcM+k fgLlk] tks Hkkjr esa vk;kr fd;k tkrk gS vkSj tks Hkkjrh; iÙkuksa rdigqap tkrk gS] dks vif'k"V ;k fefJr vif'k"V isij dh [ksi dk yscyyxk;k tkrk gSA lhek 'kqYd vf/kdkjh deZpkfj;ksa vkSj e'khuksa dh deh dsdkj.k izR;sd daVsuj dh tkap ugha ij ikrs blfy, ;kn`fPNd :i ls daVsujksadh tkap djrs g®AHkkjr esa 12 izeq[k vkSj 14 e/;LFk iÙkuksa esa ls flQZ Ugkok 'ksok fLFkrtokgjyky usg: iÙku esa nks LdSfuax e'khusa g®A ;g Hkkjr dk lcls cM+k iÙku gSvkSj tks ns'k ds yxHkx 50 izfr'kr iÙku ;krk;kr dks laHkkyrk gSA ,d fefy;uls Hkh vf/kd daVsuj bl iÙku ij igqaprs g® vkSj LdSujksa dh viuh lhek,a g®A;fn dksckYV&60] tks ,d jsfM;ks/kehZ inkFkZ gS] dks lhls ds ckWDl esa can djfn;k tkrk gS tks LdSuj dsoy lhls dk gh irk yxk ik,axs D;ksafd /kkrqdksckYV&60 ls fudyus okys fofdj.k dks jksd nsrh gS blds vykok] leqnzh rVvkSj NksVs&NksVs iÙku Hkh voS/k :i ls gkfudkjd vif'k"V ds vk;kr ds dsUnz cux, g®A2-2-4 bZ&vif'k"V ds vk;kr dh izfØ;kHkkjr esa fdlh [ksi ds vk;kr ds fy, tks izfØ;k ekud rkSj ijviukbZ tkrh gS mlesa ,d vk;krd ,d fu;kZrd] fons'k O;kikjegkfuns'kky; ds }kjk vfèlwfpr vkSj iathd`r dksbZ ,tsalh] dksbZ cSadrFkk iÙku ij fLFkr lhek 'kqYd foHkkx 'kkfey gksrk gSA lcls igys]vk;krd dks fdlh iathd`r ,tsalh tks dksbZ Hkkjrh; vFkok fons'kh daiuhgks ldrh gS] ls vk;kr dh tk jgh lkexzh dk fujh{k.k&iwoZ izek.ki=ysuk gksrk gSA ,tsalh }kjk izek.ki= tkjh fd;s tkus ds i'pkr~ daVsujksa dh77^eqacbZ iksVZ gSt yktsZLV ,ekmaV vkWQ gstkjMZ eSVsfj;y*] fn VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k]16 vxLr] 201040


la[;k] mRikn 'kqYd dk oxhZdj.k vkSj mRikn dk C;kSjk n'kkZus okyk fcy rS;kjfd;k tkrk gSA rRi'pkr~] bl [ksi dks tgkt ij p


2-2-5 iÙkuksa ij tCr fd;k x;k voS/k :i ls vk;kfrr vif'k"VHkkjr esa okf"kZd :i ls 5]500 djksM+ #i;s dh dher dh LØSi /kkrq dkvk;kr fd;k tkrk gS tks fd yxHkx 3-5 fefy;u ehfVªd Vu gksrh gS vkSjvkSlru 500 daVsujksa esa nSfud :i ls Hkkjr vkrh gSA bUgsa fdlh u fdlhcM+s vFkok NksVs iÙku ij mrkjk tkrk gS vkSj fQj ns'kHkj esa fLFkr vUrnsZ'kh;daVsuj fMiqvksa esa Hkst fn;k tkrk gS tgka ls ;g Qyrs&Qwyrs xzs ekdsZV esa vktkrk gSA 81 lhek 'kqYd vf/kdkfj;ksa us fu;fer vUrjky ij lQyrkiwoZdgLr{ksi fd;k gS vkSj iÙkuksa ij vkus okyh [krjukd oLrqvksa dks idM+k gSA o"kZ2009 esa] rfeyukMq dh rhu vyx&vyx dEifu;ksa }kjk eysf'k;k] lÅnhvjc vkSj cklhZyksuk ls vk;kfrr [krjukd vif'k"V inkFkks± ds ukS daVsujksa dksrfeyukMq ds rwrhdksfju iÙku ij idM+k x;k FkkAo"kZ 2010 ds vkjaHk esa] rfeyukMq dh dkxt QSDVªh }kjk xzhl vkSjQzkalhlh mifuos'k] jh&;wfu;u ls vk;kfrr [krjukd vif'k"V inkFkks± dschl daVsujksa dks rwrhdksfju iÙku ls okil Hkst fn;k x;k FkkA vHkh gkygh esa vxLr] 2010 esa vkB daVsujksa esa ynk 120 Vu ls Hkh vf/kdbZ&vif'k"V ftls fofHkUu dEifu;ksa us fofHkUu ns'kksa ls vk;kr fd;k Fkk]psUubZ esa idM+k x;kA dqy ikap [ksiksa esa ls ,d vkWLVªsfy;k ls] ,ddukMk ls] nks dksfj;k ls vkSj ,d czqusbZ ls FkhA bu lkefxz;ksa dh ckn esatkap djus ij irk pyk fd buesa cgqr gh iqjkus] iz;qDr ,oa mi;ksx u gksldus okys dEI;wVj ds ekWuhVj] lhñihñ;wñ ,oa izkslslj] daVªksy iSuy]bysfDVªd eksVlZ ds iqtsZ] fizaVj vkSj dh&cksMZ FksA vf/kdka'k dEI;wVjekWuhVj nl lky ls Hkh T;knk iqjkus Fks vkSj Li"Vr% iqu%pØ.k ds fy, ghFksA ;s vk;kr ifjladVe; vif'k"V ¼izca/ku] gFkkyu vkSj lhekikjlapyu½ fu;e] 2008 82 ds lkFk ifBr lhek 'kqYd vf/kfu;e] 1962 dsmica/kksa dk izR;{k mYya?ku djrs ik, x, FksA814 ebZ] 2010 ds ^fn ,f'k;u ,st* esa 'kadj jk; pkS/kjh ds ^Vsjj Qz kWe osLV*]8220 vxLr] 2010 ds fn VkbEl vkWQ bf.M;k] ^bEiksVsZM bZ&osLV lhTM ckbZ dLVe vkWQhf'k;Yl*42


2-3 vlaxfBr {ks= easa bZ&vif'k"V vFkZO;oLFkkHkkjr ,f'k;k esa nwljk lcls cM+k bZ&vif'k"V l`tudrkZ ns'k gSA,eñ,ñvkbZñVhñ&thñVhñtsM ds vuqeku 83 ds vuqlkj Hkkjr esa 2007 esa330]000 yk[k Vu bZ&vif'k"V l`ftr gqvk Fkk tksfd 110 fefy;u ySiVWki dscjkcj gSA ns'k esa l`ftr gksus okys bZ&vif'k"V dk 90 izfr'kr ls vf/kdiqu%pØ.k vkSj fuiVku ds fy, vlaxfBr {ks= esa tkrk gSA vlaxfBr {ks= esaeq[;r% egkuxjksa vkSj NksVs egkuxjksa dh 'kgjh efyu cfLr;ka gksrh gSa tgka ijiqu% pØ.k izpkyuksa dh ykxr esa dVkSrh djus ds fy, vdq'ky dkexkjksa }kjkcgqr gh iqjkus rjhdksa dk bLrseky fd;k tkrk gSA VkWfDlDl fyad ds lkFkHkkxhnkjh djds csly ,D'ku usVodZ ¼chñ,ñ,uñ½ }kjk fd, x, v/;;u lsmn~?kkfVr gksrk gS fd Hkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"V phu dh rjg gh vkrk gS vkSj lalkf/krfd;k tkrk gS vFkok ;s fLFkfr;ka blls Hkh cnrj gks ldrh gSaAvlaxfBr {ks= esa NksVs vkSj vukSipkfjd O;kikjksa dk lewg gksrk gS tks fdlh HkhdM+s LokLF; ,oa i;kZoj.kh; fofu;euksa ls lapkfyr ugha gksrs gSaA dkexkjksa dks[krjukd dk;Zn'kkvksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+rk gS D;ksafd muds ikl nLrkus vFkokekLd tSls cpkodkjh lk/ku ugha gksrs gSaA foeqDr xSlsa] rstkch foy;] fo"kSykèqavk vkSj lanwf"kr jk[k dkexkjksa vkSj LFkkuh; i;kZoj.k 84 ds fy, lcls cM+s [krjksaesa ls gSaAvusd dkexkj vif'k"V inkFkks± dk iqul±lk/ku ?kjksa ij gh djrs gSa ftlls osLo;a dks] vius ifjokjksa vkSj i;kZoj.k dks [krjukd fo"kSys inkFkks± ds izfr tksf[keesa Mkyrs gSaA mnkgj.k ds fy,] lfdZV cksMZ ls /kkrq fudkyus ds fy,] xSl VkWpZdk mi;ksx cksMZ dks xje djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gS ftlls fd lksYMj fi?ky83eSU;qQSDpjlZ ,lksfl,'ku QkWj baQkjes'ku VsDukykWth vFkok ,eñ,ñvkbZñVhñ dh LFkkiuk1982 esa Hkkjr esa oSKkfud] 'kS{kf.kd vkbZñVhñ m|ksx dks c


tk, rkfd cksMZ ls /kkrq ds fgLls i`Fkd gks tk,aA lfdZV cksMks± dks [kqys rstkc esaMqcksdj vkSj fQj rkack ,oa vU; cgqewY; lkefxz;ksa dks [kqys ukys ds fudV gkFkksals fudkydj Hkh /kkrqvksa dks fudkyk tkrk gSA bl {ks= esa] dkexkj ;k rks Lo;agh /kkrqvksa dks fudkyrs gSa vFkok fdlh cM+s O;kikjh ds lkFk dke djrs gSaftlls os 100 #i;s izfrfnu rd dekrs gSaA nks enjcksMks± dk Hkkj lkekU;r% ,dfdñxzkñ gksrk gS vkSj ftldh dher 230 #i;s gksrh gSA /kkrqvksa dks cspus ds ckn10 izfr'kr dk ykHk gksrk gSA 85lfdZV cksMZ dh iqu%pØ.k izfØ;k esa ;k rks lfdZV cksMZ dks [kqys esa tyk;ktkrk gS vFkok rstkc dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA nksuksa gh izfØ;kvksa esa igys cksMZ lsfpiksa] daMsaljksa vkSj dsfiflVjksa dks fudkyk tkrk gSA lfdZV cksMks± ls bu fgLlksadks fudkyus ds fy, okW;j dVj vkSj Iyklksa dk mi;ksx djrs gq, vf/kdrjcky Je dk bLrseky gksrk gSA dqN fiuksa dks lh/kk djus ds ckn] dqN bafVxzsVsMlfdZVksa ¼vkbZñlhñ½ fpiksa vkSj ?kVdksa dks iqu% mi;ksx ds fy, csp fn;k tkrk gSAos ensa ftudk iqu% mi;ksx ugha gks ldrk gS mUgsa tyk fn;k tkrk gS vkSj /kkrqvksadks fudky fy;k tkrk gSA fpi fudkyus vkSj tykus ds ckn] cksMks± dks ,d [kqysx


2-4 laxfBr {ks= esa bZ&vif'k"V vFkZO;oLFkktqykbZ 2009 esa] laxfBr {ks= ds iqupZØdksa us bZ&vif'k"V iqupZØd la?k dkxBu fd;k fdUrq vlaxfBr {ks=ksa ls mUgsa dM+h izfrLi/kkZ dk lkeuk djuk iM+ jgkgS] os bZ&vif'k"V ds dqy cktkj ds dsoy 10 izfr'kr dks vius nk;js esa yk ik,gSaA o`gr vukSipkfjd {ks= ds lkeus laxfBr {ks= dks leqfpr laxzg.k vkSjfuiVku izfØ;kvksa vkSj leqfpr izkS|ksfxfd;ksa ds vHkko esa leL;k dk lkeukdjuk iM+ jgk gSA leqfpr laxzg.k iz.kkyh dh deh dh otg ls vusd ckjlaLFkkuksa vkSj ?kjksa dks vius iqjkus lkeku dks Hkk.Mkxkjksa vFkok LVksj:e esa ,d=djuk iM+rk gSA tc bUgsa cspk tkrk gS vFkok budk fofue; fd;k tkrk gS rks bUgsafQj ls lqlfTtr fd;k tkrk gS vkSj fQj cspk tkrk gSA bysDVªkWfuDl ds iqjkusmRiknksa dk dsoy cgqr gh NksVk fgLlk okLro esa bZ&vif'k"V dh izfØ;k esa tkikrk gSA 88 bl nqfo/kk dk lkeuk VhñvkbZñlhñ xzqi bf.M;k izkñfyñ dh 10]000 oxZQhV esa QSyh vkSipkfjd bZ&vif'k"V i`Fkdhdj.k bdkbZ] uks,Mk ¼mÙkj izns'k½ftldh okf"kZd :i ls 500 Vu bZ&vif'k"V dks lalkf/kr djus dh {kerk gS] dksdjuk iM+ jgk gSA ijUrq twu 2008 ls] tc bls vkjEHk fd;k x;k Fkk] bl bdkbZus dsoy 200 Vu dks gh lalkf/kr fd;k gSA blh rjg ls] 35 djksM+ #i;s dhykxr ls ,d o"kZ esa 36]000 Vu vif'k"V inkFkZ dks lalkf/kr djus okys #M+dh¼mÙkjk[k.M½ fLFkr vVsjks iqupZØ.k ,dd dks orZeku esa 600 Vu vif'k"V feyik jgk gSA vkSipkfjd {ks= esa cgqewY; /kkrqvksa dks fudkyus ds fy, 'kks/ku'kkykvksa dh Hkh deh gSA blfy,] tqykbZ 2009 esa laxfBr iqupZØdksa }kjk xfBrbZ&osLV iqupZØd la?k ds vuqlkj orZeku ifjn`'; esa vkSipkfjd O;kikj dkscuk, j[kus dk ,dek= rjhdk vk;kr djus dk ykblsal gSA 89orZeku esa] vVsjks iqupZØ.k bdkbZ gh Hkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"V gsrq ekU;rk&izkIriqupZØ.k la;a= gS ftls fodflr ns'kksa ls bZ&vif'k"V ds vk;kr dk ykblsal88izsl foKfIr% ^QLVZ ,eñ,ñvkbZñVhñ]—thñVhñtsMñ LVMh fjohYl ,DlVsaV vkWQ bZ&osLVpSysat*89ogh lañ 85 i`ñ 2745


izkIr gSA i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj ds ikl vU; vkSipkfjd,tsafl;ksa ds vkosnu yfEcr gSaArFkkfi] vk;kr djus ds ykblsal ds eqn~ns ij vyx&vyx jk; gS fd D;korZeku ifjn`'; esa vkSipkfjd O;kikj dks cuk, j[kus dk ;gh rjhdk gSAVkWfDlDl fyad ekurk gS fd bZ&vif'k"V izca/ku dk mís'; i;kZoj.k dh lqj{kkgksuk pkfg, u fd O;kikj dks cuk, j[kukA vk;krksa dks vuqefr nsus dk vFkZ gSfd gekjs yS.M fQyksa esa xSj&iqupZØ.kh; ifjladVe; lkexzh Hkh Mkyh tk;sxhftldh vuqefr ugha nh tkuh pkfg,A gekjs ns'k esa cgqr cM+h ek=k esa vif'k"VinkFkZ l`ftr gksrk gS rFkk lqn`


uhps nh xbZ rkfydk esa vukSipkfjd vkSj vkSipkfjd {ks=ksa ds chp bZ&vif'k"VvFkZO;oLFkk dh rqyuk bZ&vif'k"V dkjksckj esa 'kkfey i)fr;ksa] lqj{kksik;ksa]iwathxr fuos'k vkSj vtZu dk xgu v/;;u iznku djrh gS% 91vukSipkfjd1- dsFkksM js V~;wc ¼lhvkjVh½ dks'kh'kk] /kkrq vkSj rkacs tSls bldsla?kVdksa dks vyx djus ds fy,gkFk ls rksM+k tkrk gSA 'kh'ks dkscsdjh ;k pwM+h fuekZrkvksa dks cspfn;k tkrk gSA pwafd ;g Å"ek dksjksd ysrk gS blfy, ;g vksouds ry ij tek gks tkrk gSAQkWLQkssjl] law?kus ij fo"kkDr gksldrh gSA lhvkjVh xSj&czk.M okysVsyhfotu fuekZrkvksa dks csph tkrhgSA2- lfdZV cksMks± esa Lo.kZ /kkrq dh ijrp


vukSipkfjd3- fdlh izdkj dh lqj{kk lko/kkfu;ksadk ikyu ugha fd;k tkrk gSAvukSipkfjd iqu% pØ.kdrkZlhyeiqj esa 200&300 #i;sizfrfnu vkSj eqjknkckn esa100&150 #i;s izfrfnu dkHkqxrku djrs gSaA4- U;wure iwathxr fuos'k visf{kr gSAykxr esa bZ&dpjk dk ewY;] blsjkT; dh lhekvksa ds ikj ys tkusds fy, fj'or vkSj nqdku yxkusrFkk pykus vkSj dke djus ds fy,LFkku dk fdjk;k 'kkfey gSAvkSipkfjddeZpkfj;ksa dks nLrkus] ekLd] twrs]Vksfi;ksa tSls lqj{kkRed midj.k iznkufd, tkrs gSaA vdq'ky dkexkjksa dks5000 #i;s izfrekg dk Hkqxrku fd;ktkrk gSAHkatd ds ft, yxHkx 30 yk[k #i;svkSj iqu%pØ.k la;a= ds fy, yxHkx25 djksM+ #i;s dk fuos'k visf{kr gSAtSlkfd vusd yksxkas dks jkstxkj iznku djrs gq, bZ&vif'k"V dPps eky dklLrk lzksr gS] rks ,sls O;fDr Hkh gSa tks lqjf{kr iqupZØ.k dh t:jr ij cy nsrsgq, bZ&vif'k"V ds iqupZØ.k vkSj vf/kd la[;k esa la;a= yxkus dh odkyrdjrs gSaA lqjf{kr iqupZØ.k ds ykHk ij fVIi.kh djrs gq, Hkkjr ds iwoZ jk"VªifrMkñ ,ñihñtsñ vCnqy dyke us Hkh tuojh] 2010 esa fnYyh esa #M+dh fLFkr ,VsjksfjlkbfDayx IykaV dk mn~?kkVu djrs le; dgk% ^^/kkrq ds c


2-5 pkj 'kgjksa esa bZ&vif'k"V laca/kh iwokZuqeku vkSj iqupZØ.kfnYyh vkSj eqacbZ ns'k ds nks izeq[k dsUnz gSaA tgka bZ&vif'k"V dk iqupZØ.kfd;k tkrk gSA gSnjkckn vkSj caxyw: vU; nks cM+s 'kgj gSa tks bysDVªkWfuDl rFkklwpuk izkS|ksfxdh m|ksx ds dsUnz jgs gSaA os Hkkjr ds 10 izeq[k 'kgjksa esa gSa tksbZ&vif'k"V dk l`tu djrs jgs gSaA bZ&vif'k"V iqupZØ.k izfØ;k pkgs ;gHkaMkj.k]Hkatu] iqupZØ.k] iqu% fuekZ.k vkSj forj.k ls lacaf/kr gks] ds izeq[k dsanzksads :i esa budh fLFkfr bu 'kgjksa esa bysDVªkWfud m|ksx fodkl vkSj fodkl esaiwokZuqes; ifj.kke jgk gSA2-5-1 fnYyh2004 esa VkWfDlflDl ¯yd }kjk nh xbZ fjiksVZ esa ik;k x;k fd ubZ fnYyh esaiqupZØ.k bdkb;ksa esa ,df=r fd;s x;s 70 izfr'kr bZ&vif'k"V dk okLro esafodflr ns'kksa }kjk fu;kZr ;k ikVu fd;k x;k FkkA fnYyh esa mRikfnr gksus okysvif'k"V dh xq.koÙkk laca/kh o"kZ 2007 esa fd, x, vafre losZ{k.k ds vuqlkj];g vuqeku yxk;k x;k Fkk fd o"kZHkj esa yxHkx 5000 ehfVªd Vu [krjukdvif'k"V dk mRiknu gksrk gSA izfro"kZ yxHkx 12000 Vu bZ&vif'k"V l`ftrgksrk gSA gkykafd ns'k esa fnYyh bZ&vif'k"V ds mRiknu esa vxz.kh ugha gS ijarqblds izlaLdj.k dsanz ds :i esa vxz.kh gSA th Vh tsM }kjk o"kZ 2007 esa fd, x,v/;;u ds vuqlkj yxHkx 25000 dkexkj izfro"kZ 10]000&20]000 VubZ&vif'k"V dks iqu% mi;ksx&;ksX; cuk jgs FksA ;g dk;Z voS/k :i ls dk;ZjrNksVh bdkb;ksa esa fd;k tkrk gS tgka u rks fofu;e vkSj u gh i;kZoj.k vFkoklqj{kksik; ykxw gksrs gSa( ,sls vif'k"V ds mfpr HkaMkj.k vkSj fuiVku ds fy, fdlhlqfo/kk ds u gksus ds dkj.k ek;kiqjh esa gqbZ ?kVuk tgka dkexkj fofdj.k esa Qalx;k Fkk vkSj eqaMdk tgka IykfLVd esa vkx yx xbZ Fkh] tSlh nq?kZVuk,a bl izdkjdk tksf[ke gSa ftuls dkexkjksa dk jkstkuk lkeuk gksrk gSA fnYyh ij Fkksd cktkjdh Nki yxh gS tgka u dsoy lHkh izdkj dk vif'k"V yk;k tkrk gS vfirq ns'kds vU; Hkkxksa esa Hksts tkus ls iwoZ mldk HkaMkj.k rFkk iwoZ&ifj'kks/ku Hkh fd;ktkrk gSA ljdkj vif'k"V dk 'kks/ku rFkk fuiVku djus ds fy, da>koyk esa Hkwfedk vf/kxzg.k djus dh izfØ;k esa gS ijarq rc rd vif'k"V lkekU; vif'k"V'kksèu la;a=ksa vkSj vU; l`tu LFkyksa ij vif'k"V HkaMkj.k djuk tkjh jgsxkftlls blds laidZ esa vkus okys O;fDr;ksa ds fy, xaHkhj tksf[ke dk [krjk cukjgsxkA 9494usgk ykypankuh] ^uks QSflfyVh bu flVh Vw LVksj] MEi gSt+kZMl osLV*] fn VkbEl vkWQbafM;k] 10 vizSy] 201049


,d ckj bZ&dpjs dk vk;kr gksus ij] fnYyh esa bZ&vif'k"V ds Mhyj vks[kykesa fLFkr buySaM fMiks esa leqnzh tgktksa ij vkus okys daVsjuksa dh cksyh yxkrs gSaAlkexzh dks ckgj fudkydj NkaVk tkrk gS vkSj fo'ks"kKrk ds {ks= ds vuqlkjfofHkUu iqu%pØ.kdrkZvksa ds chp forfjr dj fn;k tkrk gSaA fnYyh esa bysDVªkWfuDlvif'k"V dk lalk/ku vf/kdka'kr% 'kkL=h uxj] rqdZeku xsV] lhyeiqj] ekStiqjvkSj eqLrQkckn esa fd;k tkrk gSA iwohZ fnYyh ds eaMkoyh tSls {ks= bZ&vif'k"ViqupZØ.k ds dsUnz fcUnq gSaA eaMkoyh vius /kkrq iqu%izkfIr ds lHkh izdkj dsdk;ks± ds fy, izfl) gS vkSj cokuk rFkk ujsyk tSls {ks= lHkh izdkj ds iqupZØ.krFkk iwoZ&lalk/ku ds x


pwafd fnYyh esa vif'k"V dk izlaLdj.k djuk voS/k gS blfy, ljdkj dsikl lVhd vuqekfur vkdM+s ugha gSa fd 'kgj esa fdruk vif'k"V mRikfnr gksrkgS ;k iqupZØ.k ds fy, fdruk vif'k"V yk;k tkrk gSA gkykafd vf/kdkjh nkokdjrs gSa fd bdkb;ka fnYyh ls ckgj pyh xbZ gaS] ijarq os la[;kvksa ds ckjs esafo'oLr ugha gks ldrs gSa D;ksafd ;g dke vf/kdka'kr% vlaxfBr {ks= esa gksrk gSA2-5-2 eqacbZHkkjr esa mnkjhdj.k ds vkjaHk ls] lkWVos;j m|ksx ds vykok fdlh Hkh m|ksxus oSf'od izfrLi)kZ ds fo#) bruk csgrj dk;Z izn'kZu ugha fd;k gSA Hkkjr esalwpuk izkS|ksfxdh m|ksx dk mn; eqacbZ esa gqvk FkkA Hkkjrh; 'kgjksa esa eqacbZ dkHkkjr esa MCY;w bZ bZ bZ l`ftr djus okys 10 'kh"kZ 'kgjksa esa izFke LFkku gSA Hkkjr dkfoÙkh; dsUnz eqacbZ Hkkjr dk lcls cM+h canjxkg okyk 'kgj Hkh gSA eqacbZ&iq.ksdk vkS|ksfxd {ks= ns'k esa bysDVªkWfud oLrqvksa dk fofuekZ.k dsUnz gSA ifj.kkeLo:i]eqacbZ u dsoy u, rFkk iz;qDr bysDVªkWfud mRiknksa ds vk;kr ds fy, ,dcanjxkkg gSa vfirq ,d o`gr iz;ksDrk rFkk fofuekZrk dk dsUnz Hkh gS] bu nksuksa lscM+h ek=k esa bZ&vif'k"V dk l`tu gksrk gSAeqacbZ esa bZ&vif'k"V ds iqupZØ.k dk cgqr cM+k cktkj gSA eqacbZ esa bZ&vif'k"Vdk cktkj fdlh ,d LFkku ij dsafnzr ugha gSA vfirq fofHkUu {ks=ksa esa QSyk gqvk gSvkSj izR;sd {ks= esa iqupZØ.k ds fHkUu igyqvksa dk gFkkyu gks jgk gSA 'kgj esadckfM+;ksa dk cM+k usVodZ gS ftlds izeq[k dsUnz dqykZ] lkdhukdk] dekBhiqjk&xzkaVjksM] tksxs'ojh vkSj eykM gSaA 97 mfpr rduhdh gh vuqifLFkfr ds ckotwn] eqacbZ esaizR;sd la?kVd dks vyx fd;k tkrk gS vkSj mldk iqupZØ.k ;k iqu%mi;ksx fd;ktkrk gSA ih lh ds lokZf/kd tfVy Hkkxksa mnkgj.kr% lfdZV cksMZ vkSj ihohlh dhrkjksa dk iqupZØ.k fHkUu /kkrqvksa dh izkfIr ds fy, [kqys esa tykdj ;k rstkc esa Mqcksdjfd;k tkrk gS] fdarq iqupZØ.k dk ;g lkekU; O;ogkj eqacbZ eas utj ugha vkrk gSAiq.ks vkSj fiaijh&fpapokM {ks= esa l`ftr vf/kdka'k MCY;wbZbZbZ dks vkxs ds mipkj vkSjforj.k ds fy, eqacbZ egkuxj {ks= ¼,e,evkj½ Hkstk tkrk gSA97VkWfDlDl ¯yd] eqacbZ% pks¯dx vkWu bZ&osLV&, LVMh vkWu n LVsVl vkWQ bZ&osLV bu eqacbZ]23 Qjojh] 200751


ftu oLrqvksa esa /kkrqvksa dks iz'khru izfØ;kvksa ds ek/;e ls vyx fd;k tkrkgS mUgsa fnYyh ls vk, O;kikfj;ksa dks csp fn;k tkrk gSA gkykafd ;g nkok fd;ktkrk gS fd [kqys eSnkuksa esa dqN ugha j[kk tkrk gS] ijarq vkbZvkjth flLVe lkmFk,f'k;k }kjk egkjk"Vª iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ¼,eihlhch½ ds rRok/kku esa rS;kj dhxbZ fjiksVZ esa laKku gS fd mRiknksa ds iqupZØ.k esa 'kkfey [krjukd inkFkks± lsi;kZoj.k dks uqdlku gks ldrk gSAeqacbZ egkuxj {ks= ¼,e,evkj½ esa bZ&vif'k"V ds laxzg.k] 'kks/ku vkSjfuiVku laca/kh csgrj


Z&vif'k"V dckM+ O;kikjh izR;sd oSdfYid fnol esa i`Fkd vkSj fo[kf.Mrfd, x, bZ&vif'k"V ds fgLlksa dks fnYyh vkSj eqacbZ Hkstrs g®A bZ&vif'k"ViqupZØd fo[kf.Mr fd, x, bZ&vif'k"Vksa dks fnYyh esa cspdj yxHkx2&3 yk[k #i, ekfld dekrs g®A dukZVd esa vkSipkfjd {ks= esa dqN iqupZØ.kdsUnz g®] tSlsfd bZ&okMZ] bZ&ifjlkjk] dsñ thñ ufUnuh fjlkbDylZ] ,s'k fjlkbDylZ]U;w iksVZ dEI;wVj lfoZlsl bf.M;k izkñ fyñ fjlkbDylZ vkSj bZ&vkj 3 lksY;w'kuizkñ fyñA bZ&ifjlkjk dks dsUnz vkSj jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ }kjk izksRlkfgrfd;k x;k gS tks ns'k ds lHkh izeq[k 'kgjksa esa bldks LFkkfir djuk pkgrh gSA cksMZdh igy iqjkus dEI;wVjksa] muds dyiqtks±] vkbZ Vh dEifu;ksa vkSj bysDVªkWfudfofuekZrkvksa nksuksa }kjk l`ftr vU; bZ&vif'k"V dk lko/kkuhiwoZd iqupZØ.k djusdk iz;kl gSA dsUnz ds ikl ,d fnu esa rhu Vu ls vf/kd vif'k"V dk iqupZØ.kdjus ds midj.k ekStwn g®A ijarq bl le; yxHkx ,d Vu vif'k"V lalkf/krdj jgk gSA blds ekfyd ds vuqlkj dbZ dkjiksjsV~l tSlsfd vkbZñ chñ ,eñ] VsVbYDlh] ,chch vkSj fQfyIl] blds xzkgdksa esa ls g®A ijUrq dbZ izeq[k vkbZ VhQeks± dks vius bZ&vif'k"V dks Hkstuk vFkok vius bZ&vif'k"V dks u Hkstus dhdfBu ifjfLFkfr;ksa dks crkuk 'ks"k gSA 100vkSipkfjd iqupZØ.k dks cM+s Lrj ij fd;k tkuk 'ks"k gS D;ksafd O;olk; ds:i esa ;g vlaxfBr {ks= esa vf/kd ykHkizn gSA vlaxfBr {ks= ds vkSipkfjdiqupZØ.k dsUnzksa esa ifjofrZr djus ds fy, izsj.kk de gS D;ksafd futh vkSjlkoZtfud {ks= nksukas vius&vius bZ&vif'k"V dks vukSipkfjd fo[k.MudÙkkZvksadks cspuk vkSj mlds vPNs ewY; ikuk ilan djrs g®A 101m|ksx ds losZ{k.k ds vuqlkj caxyq: vkSj mlds vkl&ikl vkbZ Vh Qeks± vkSjbysDVªkWfuDl fofuekZrkvksa ls izfro"kZ 8000 ls 10]000 Vu bZ&vif'k"V l`ftrgksrk gSA cM+h dEifu;ksa ds ikl vif'k"V dks Hk.Mkj.k djus ds fy, Hk.Mkjx`ggksrs g® tcfd vU; mUgsa NksVs dckM+ O;kikfj;ksa dks csp nsrs g®A ;s O;kikjh] tksvf/kdka'k eSlwj jksM ds vkl&ikl dsfUnzr g®] dckM+ dk fuiVku djus vkSj mlesa100dsñ lR;ewfrZ] ^eSusftax bZ&osLV fonkmV gkfe±x ,uok;juesaV*] fn fgUnw] 03 vizSzy] 2006101t;Jh uUnh] ^foy , MªkV ykW jhcwV bZ&esl\* fn VkbEl vkWQ bf.M;k*] ubZ fnYyh]21 ebZ] 201053


ls bLrseky gksus yk;d /kkrq dks fudkyus ds fy, izk;% efgykvksa vkSj cPpksa dksukSdjh ij j[krs g®A tks pht fdlh dke dh ugha gksrh gS mldks [ksrksa vkSj izokgksaesa Qsad fn;k tkrk gS vFkok vlqjf{kr fLFkfr;ksa esa tyk fn;k tkrk gSA dckM+O;kikfj;ksa ds deZpkfj;ksa ds LokLF; dks izHkkfor djus ds vykok ok;q] Hkwfe vkSjHkw&ty dks Hkh iznwf"kr djrk gSA 102caaxyq: esa dEI;wVj vkSj fizUVj] Vsyhfotu vkSj eksckby Qksu dk 6743-87ehfVªd Vu okf"kZd bZ&vif'k"V l`ftr gksrk gSA o"kZ 2010 esa] 1-71 djksM+ dhtula[;k ds lkFk caxyq: esa 92]240 dEI;wVjksa] 15]371 Vsyhfotuksa vkSj 15]982eksckby Qksuksa lfgr dqy 1]23]593 fdyksxzke bZ&vif'k"V l`ftr gksus dkvuqeku gSA o"kZ 2013 esa 1-80 djksM+ dh laHkkfor tula[;k ds lkFk 97]310dEI;wVjksa] 16]214 Vsyhfotuksa vkSj 16]859 eksckby Qksuksa lfgr dqy bZ&vif'k"Vdh ek=k 1]30]383 fdyksxzke rd igqapus dh laHkkouk gSA 1032-5-4 gSnjkckn%dqN le; ls gSnjkckn dks Hkkjr dh mHkjrh flyhdkWu jkt/kkuh ds :i esatkuk tkrk gSA gSnjkckn ds fy, dEI;wVjksa] fizUVjksa] Vsyhfotuksa vkSj eksckby Qksuksals okf"kZd 3]263]994 ehfVªd Vu bZ&vif'k"V l`tu dk vuqeku gSA bldk C;kSjkbl izdkj ls gS% dEI;wVjksa ls 3111-25 ehfVªd Vu] fizUVjksa ls 86-46 ehfVªd Vu]Vsyhfotuksa ls 61-0 ehfVªd Vu vkSj eksckby Qksuksa ls 5-284 ehfVªd VuA o"kZ2010 esa] 74-42 yk[k dh tula[;k ds lkFk gSnjkckn ds fy, 42]869dEI;wVjksa] 53]581 Vsyhfotuksa vkSj 1713 eksckby Qksuksa lfgr dqy 98]163fdyksxzke bZ&vif'k"V l`ftr gksus dk vuqeku gSA o"kZ 2013 esa 81-8 yk[k dhvuqekfur tula[;k ds lkFk 47]117 dEI;wVj] 58]890 Vsyhfotu vkSj 1]881eksckby Qksu lfgr dqy bZ&vif'k"V ds 1]07]886 fdyksxzke igqapus dhlaHkkouk gSA 104102ogha lañ 100103i;kZoj.k laj{k.k izf'k{k.k ,oa vuqlaèku laLFkku ¼bZ ih Vh vkj vkbZ½] gSnjkckn }kjk rS;kjdh xbZ vkSj fo'o LokLF; laxBu] Hkkjr fLFkr dk;kZy;] ubZ fnYyh }kjk iz;ksftr fjiksVZvkWu bUosUVjkbts'ku vkWQ bZ&osLV bu Vw flVht bu vkU/kz izns'k ,.M dukZVd¼gSnjkckn ,.M caxykSj½104ogh54


vf/kdka'k bZ&vif'k"V laxzgdÙkkZ vkSj iqupZØ.kdÙkkZ dsoy vkdkj dks de¼NksVs&NksVs VqdM+s½ vkSj i`Fkd&i`Fkd djrs g®A vka/kz izns'k esa vFkZ lsal fjlkbdyizkñ fyñ vkSj jsedh bZ&osLV fjlkbfDyax QSflfyVh nks vkSipkfjd iqupZØ.kbdkb;ka g®A 2009 ds e/; eas izkf/kd`r iqupZØ.kdÙkkZ vFkZ lsal us caxyq: dsbZ&ifjlkjk ds lkFk lk>snkjh esa gSnjkckn esa iqupZØ.k lqfo/kk LFkkfir dhA ;glqfo/kk fo[k.Mu] VqdM+s&VqdM+s vkSj i`Fkdhdj.k }kjk vif'k"V ds vkdkj dksNksVk djrh gSA i`Fkdhdj.k ds i'pkr~] vFkZ lsal vius bZ&vif'k"V dks bZ&ifjlkjkdks Hkstrh gS vkSj mlds ckn bldks ewY;oku /kkrq izkIr djus ds fy, bldsvif'k"V ds lkFk csfYt;e fu;kZr dj fn;k tkrk gSA lalk/ku izkfIr lqfo/kkdsoy csfYt;e esa gh miyC/k gSA ;|fi vkSipkfjd iqupZØ.kdrkZ ekStwn gSa fQjHkh vf/kdka'k bZ&vif'k"V 'kh?kz /ku izkfIr ds fy, vizkfèd`r iqupZØ.k dsUnzksavFkok dckM+ O;kikfj;ksa ds ikl igqap tkrk gSA bu vfèdka'k bdkb;ksa esa]dkexkj eq[;r% efgyk,a vkSj cPps gSaA fo'o LokLF; laxBu] ubZ fnYyh dsrRokoèku esa i;kZoj.k laaj{k.k izf'k{k.k ,oa vuqla/kku laLFkku ¼bZ ih Vh vkjvkbZ½] gSnjkckn }kjk rS;kj dh xbZ fjiksVZ ls ;g irk pyk fd iwNrkN fd, tkusij dkexkjksa us crk;k fd LokLF; laca/kh dksbZ leL;k ugha gS ijUrq iSnk gq,okLrfod iznw"k.k Hkkj vkSj dkexkjksa esa LokLF; leL;kvksa dk irk yxkus ds fy,v/;;u fd, tkus dh vko';drk gSA 105izkS|ksfxdh; ifjorZu dh rst nj vkSj lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh rFkk vU; vk/kqfudbysDVªkWfud ?kjsyw enksa ij c


3bZ&vif'k"V dk izca/ku3-1 bZ&vif'k"V dkuwu—,d ifjp;bysfDVªdy vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.k dk fuiVku] vk;kr vkSj iqupZØ.k dkeqík ljdkjh laxBuksa] i;kZoj.kfon lewgksa vkSj dEI;wVjksa vkSj miHkksDrk bysDVªkWfudmidj.kksa ds futh {ks= ds fofuekZrkvksa ds chp xaHkhj ppkZ vkSj cgl dk fo"k;cu pqdk gSA foHkkx&laca/kh foKku vkSj izkS|ksfxdh] i;kZoj.k vkSj ou laca/khlalnh; LFkk;h lfefr ^^dsUnzh; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ dk dk;Zdj.k** ij vius192oas izfrosnu esa bl fu"d"kZ ij igqaph gS fd vk/kqfud thou 'kSyh vkSj yksxksads thou Lrj esa o`f) vkSj vkfFZkd fodkl esa o`f) ds pyrs bZ&vif'k"V Hkfo";esa cM+h leL;k gksus tk jgh gSA lfefr us ;g dgrs gq, dsUnzh; iznw"k.k fu;a=.kcksMZ ds fy, vf/kd lfØ; Hkwfedk dk lq>ko fn;k gS fd bldks ^^Hkkohvuqeku djus ds fy, v/;;u djus pkfg, vkSj bl [krjs ls fuiVus ds fy,mik; djus pkfg,A** 106lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh {ks= vkSj bysDVªkWfud m|ksx esa ns'k }kjk dh xbZ izxkeh izxfrds lkFk gh bZ&vif'k"V ds vk;kr vkSj blds gFkkyu dk eqík cM+k egRoiw.kZ cux;k gSA bl eqís dks laln vkSj ljdkj ds /;ku esa rc yk;k x;k tc23 fnlEcj] 2005 dks egkjk"Vª ls ekuuh; lnL; Jh fot; tsñ nMkZ usxSj&ljdkjh lnL; fo/ks;d ^^bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V ¼gFkkyu vkSj fuiVku½fo/ks;d] 2005** dks jkT; lHkk esa iqj%LFkkfir fd;kA fo/ks;d us ;g Lohdkjfd;k Fkk fd ns'k esa bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V ds gFkkyu vkSj fuiVku laca/kh dksbZmfpr dkuwu vFkok fn'kk&funsZ'k ugha gaS] vkSj izR;sd ?kj esa dbZ bysDVªkWfudmRikn gksrs gSa] vkSj ,d ckj tc ;s mRikn iqjkus gks tkrs gSa vFkok budk ifjR;kxdj fn;k tkrk gS] rks mudks ;k rks dwMs+nku esa Qsad fn;k tkrk gS vFkok og106foKku vkSj izkS|ksfxdh] i;kZoj.k vkSj ou laca/kh foHkkx&lacaf/kr lalnh; LFkk;h lfefrdk ^^dsUnzh; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ds dk;Zdj.k** ij ,d lkS ckuosoka izfrosnu] jkT;lHkk lfpoky;] ubZ fnYyh] flrEcj 2008] iSjk 12-256


dckM+hokys ds tfj;s dckM+ O;kikfj;ksa ds ikl igqap tkrs gSa tks midj.kksa dksfo[kf.Mr djrs gSa vkSj mi;ksxh phtksa dks vius ikl j[kdj 'ks"k dks Hkjko LFkyksaesa Qsad nsrs gSaA fuiVku ds vuqfpr rjhds] pwafd bysDVªkWfud mRiknksa esa dbZ iqtssZgksrs gSa tks LokLF; vkSj i;kZoj.k ds fy, gkfudkjd gksrs gSa] dh vkykspuk djrsgq, fo/ks;d esa fLFkfr ds [krjukd Lrj ij igqapus ls igys bysDVªkWfud vif'k"VfuiVku ds fofu;eu dk vkg~oku fd;k x;k FkkA bl fo/ks;d esa bysDVªkWfudvif'k"V ds fuiVku vkSj blls lacaf/kr lHkh ekeyksa ds laca/k esa ekun.Mfu/kkZfjr djds vkSj fofuekZrkvksa] iqupZØ.kdrkZvksa rFkk miHkksDrkvksa dh ftEesnkfj;ksavkSj dÙkZO;ksa dks r; djrs gq, ifjR;Dr bysDVªkWfud midj.kksa ls mRiUu gks jgsyk[kksa Vu bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V ds leqfpr gFkkyu vkSj fuiVku gsrq izko/kkufd;k x;k gSA rFkkfi] fo/ks;d jkT; lHkk ds ekuuh; lnL; dk dk;Zdky iwjkgks tkus ds lkFk gh tqykbZ 2010 dks O;ixr gks x;kAHkkjr esa] lafo/kku dh ckjgoha vuqlwph ds vUrxZr izkFkfed ftEesnkjh ds :iesa Bksl vif'k"V izca/ku dh ftEesnkjh uxj fuxeksa dks lkSaih xbZ gSA 107 vuqPNsn243MCY;w ds rgr jkT; fo/kku lHkkvksa dks vif'k"V izca/ku ds laca/k esa dkuwucukus dh 'kfDr izkIr gSA dsUnz ljdkj }kjk uxjikfydk Bksl vif'k"V ¼izca/kuvkSj gFkkyu½ fu;e] 2000 cuk;k x;k Fkk tks 25 flrEcj] 2000 ls ykxw gqvkAvuqlwfp;ksa esa nh xbZ uxjikfydk Bksl vif'k"Vksa ds gFkkyu ds fy, dqNfn'kk&funsZ'k bZ&vif'k"V ds izca/ku ds fy, lqlaxr gSa vkSj budk bLrsekybZ&vif'k"V iqupZØ.k vkSj fuiVku ;kstuk esa ekWMy ds :i esa fd;k tk ldrkgSA fn'kk&funsZ'kksa esa vif'k"V dk ?kj&?kj tkdj laxzg.k( efyu cfLr;ksa vkSjvuf/kokfl;ksa] gksVyksa] jsLrjkvksa] dk;kZy; ifjljksa vkSj okf.kfT;d {ks=ksa lsvif'k"V dk mfpr laxzg.k( vif'k"Vksa ds i`Fkdhdj.k ds fy, tkx:drk dk;ZØevk;ksftr djuk( leqfpr vif'k"V izlaLdj.k izkS|ksfxfd;ksa dks viukuk( vkSjHkjko&LFkyksa esa vtSfod vif'k"Vksa ij izfrca/k yxkuk 'kkfey gSA107Hkkjr dk lafo/kku] ^ckjgoha vuqlwph*( Hkkjr ljdkj] fof/k vkSj U;k; ea=ky;] 2005i`"B 24857


jkT; lHkk dh v/khuLFk fo/kku laca/kh lfefr }kjk fu;eksa dh tkap dh xbZFkhA fnlEcj 2009 esa laln esa Lohd`r vkSj izLrqr fd, x, mDr fu;eksa laca/khvius 186osa izfrosnu esa lfefr us vi;kZIr vkSj vizHkkoh jkT; fo/kkuksa ij viuhfpark O;Dr djrs gq,] fu;eksa ds dk;kZUo;u esa uxjikfydkvksa ds le{k vk jghfoÙkh; vkSj rduhdh ck/kkvksa dks Lohdkj fd;k gSA blds vfrfjDr] lfefr usik;k fd c


Js.kh fn;k x;k gS ftUgsa fdlh Hkh ^'kh"kZ* ds varxZr oxhZd`r ughaa fd;k tkldrk gSA ;g ogh Js.kh gS ftlds varxZr O;kikjh izk;% [krjukd vif'k"V dksvk;kr djus ds fy, nq#i;ksx djrs gSaA3-2 bZ&vif'k"V gsrq fofu;ked iz.kkyhtgka E;wfufliy lksfyM osLV ¼eSustesaV ,.M gS.Mfyax½ :Yl] uxjikfydkds Bksl vif'k"Vksa dks i;kZoj.k gsrq Lohdk;Z rjhds ls fuiVku dks fofu;ferdjrs gSa vkSj gtkMZl osLV ¼eSustesaV] gS.Mfyax ,.M Vªkal&ckm.Mjh½ :Yl][krjukd vif'k"V ds lHkh igyqvksa dh O;k[;k vkSj fofu;eu djrs gSa] bZ&vif'k"Vds izca/ku vkSj fuiVku gsrq dksbZ fof'k"V i;kZoj.k lEca/kh dkuwu ugha gSA ekStwnki;kZoj.k laca/kh dkuwu esa dgha Hkh [krjukd izd`fr ds bysDVªkWfud vif'k"VvFkok blds gFkkyu dk dksbZ lanHkZ ugha gSA rFkkfi] bu dkuwuksa esa vusd ,slsizko/kku gSa ftlesa bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V ds fofHkUu igyqvksa dks yk;k x;k gSA3-2-1 ifjladVe; vif'k"V ¼izca/ku vkSj gFkkyu½ fu;e] 2003o"kZ 1986 esa] Hkkjr us Hkksiky xSl =klnh ds mijkar ,oa 1972 esa LVkWdgkselEesyu 110 ds rgr ,d izfrc)rk ds :i esa i;kZoj.k ¼laj{k.k½ vf/kfu;e]1986 ¼bih,½ uked viuk izFke O;kid i;kZoj.k dkuwu ykxw fd;k FkkAi;kZoj.k ¼laj{k.k½ vf/kfu;e 1986 dh /kkjk 3 ekud r; djus] izfØ;kvksa dksfu/kkZfjr djus vkSj dsUnz ljdkj ij i;Zos{k.k dh loZlfEefyr 'kfDr;ka iznkudjrh gSA i;kZoj.k laj{k.k vf/kfu;e ds varxZr vkus okys fu;e ^^i;kZoj.k dhxq.koÙkk dh j{kk vkSj lq/kkj esa rsth ykus vkSj i;kZoj.k iznw"k.k dks jksdus] fu;a=.kdjus ,oa mls de djus vFkok ;Fkk vko';d ,sls lHkh mik; djus** dhO;kid 'kfDr dsUnz ljdkj dks iznku djrk gSA 111110LVkWdgkse lEesyu ds :i esa tkuk tkus okyk ekuo i;kZoj.k lEca/kh la;qDr jk"VªlEesyu varjkZ"Vªh; i;kZoj.k eqíksa ij la;qDr jk"Vª dk ,d izeq[k lEesyu FkkvkSj varjkZ"Vªh; i;kZoj.k jktuhfr ds fodkl esa ,d egRoiw.kZ iM+ko cuk111ogh lañ 108] i`ñ 2059


i;kZoj.k laj{k.k vf/kfu;e ds mís';ksa ds dk;kZUo;u ds Øe esa] o"kZ 1989 esaifjladVe; vif'k"V ¼izca/ku vkSj gFkkyu½ fu;e dks ykxw fd;k x;k FkkA ;geglwl fd;k x;k Fkk fd vif'k"V vkSj mi&mRikn izokgksa ds e/; ,d foHkktdjs[kk dk gksuk vko';d FkkA vr% fu;eksa esa ^vif'k"V* dh ifjHkk"kk gksuh pkfg,Fkh vkSj oxhZdj.k dks lgk;rk igqapkus gsrq foLr`r lwph gksuh pkfg, FkhA blesaekStwn vo;oksa ,oa bldh mRifÙk dh ek=k ds vk/kkj ij [krjukd vif'k"V dksvBkjg Jsf.k;ksa esa oxhZd`r fd;k x;k FkkA bu fu;eksa dks eq[;r% csly vfHkle;ds vuq:i ykus gsrq o"kZ 2000 esa la'kksf/kr fd;k x;k FkkA o"kZ 2000 esa fu;eksa esafd, x, la'kks/kuksa us vif'k"V dks vif'k"V mRiknu izfØ;k ¼vuqlwph&1½ }kjk,oa muds vfHky{k.kksa ¼vuqlwph&2½ ds vuqlkj oxhZd`r fd;k FkkA ^vif'k"VmRiknu dh izfØ;k* }kjk vif'k"V dk oxhZdj.k ds varxZr fHkUu m|ksxksa }kjkbLrseky fHkUu izfØ;kvksa esa l`ftr [krjukd vif'k"V vkrs gSaA bl izdkj vuqlwph1 esa 148 vif'k"V izokgksa dks 'kkfey djrs gq, 44 Jsf.k;ksa dks vkSj vuqlwph&2 esa79 izdkj ds vif'k"V dks vfHkfu/kkZfjr fd;k x;k FkkA o"kZ 2003 esa fu;eksa esa fd,x, la'kks/ku us vuqlwph&1 esa izfØ;kvksa@vif'k"V izokg dh lwph dks ljy vkSjdkjxj cuk fn;k ftlds }kjk [krjukd vif'k"V mRiknu djus okyh vkS|ksfxdizfØ;kvksa dh la[;k dks de djds 44 ls 36 vkSj vif'k"V izokg dh la[;k dks148 ls de djds 123 rd dj fn;k x;kA vuqlwph&2 dks vifjofrZr jgus fn;kx;kA 112ifjladVe; vif'k"V ¼izca/ku vkSj gFkkyu½ fu;e] 1989 esa vkxs la'kks/kudjrs gq,] izk:i la'kks/ku fu;e] 2002 dks fnukad 20 ebZ] 2003 dks ^^ifjladVe;vif'k"V ¼izca/ku vkSj gFkkyu½ fu;e] 2003** ds :i esa vf/klwfpr fd;k x;kFkkA pwafd] bZ&vif'k"V vFkok blds la?kVd ^ifjladVe;* vkSj ^xSj&ifjladVe;*dh Js.kh esa vkrs gSa] blfy, bUgsa blds nk;js esa j[kk x;k gSA fu;ekuqlkj]^^ifjladVe; vif'k"V** dks fdlh ,sls vif'k"V ds :i esa ifjHkkf"kr fd;kx;k gS tks vius HkkSfrd] jklk;fud] izfrfØ;k'khy] fo"kkDr] Toyu'khy]foLQksV vFkok la{kkj.k vfHky{k.kksa ds fdlh dkj.kksa ls [krjk mRiUu djs vFkok112vkfnR; ,uok;juesaV lfoZl izkñ fyñ ¼, bZ ,l ih ,y½] egkjk"Vª iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ¼,eihlhch½ }kjk izk;ksftr ^^egkjk"Vª esa ifjladVe; vif'k"Vksa dh lwph**] i`ñ 4060


• bysDVªkWfud m|ksx• vif'k"V 'kks/ku izfØ;k,a mnkgj.kkFkZ HkLehdj.k] vklou] i`FkDdj.k,oa ladsUnz.k rduhdsaAvuqlwph&2 esa ,sls vif'k"V inkFkksZa dh lwph gS ftudks [krjukd ekuk tkldrk gS tc rd mudk ladsUnz.k mDr vuqlwph esa n'kkZbZ xbZ lhek ls de ughagksA bZ&vif'k"V vFkok mlds Hkkx O;kid :i ls bl vuqlwph ds varxZr vkrsgSaAvuqlwph&3 dsoy vk;kr vkSj fu;kZr djus ;ksX; ifjladVe; vif'k"Vksa dhlwph dk mYys[k djrh gSA blesa ifjladVe; vif'k"Vksa dks d vkSj [k] nks Hkkxksaesa foHkkftr fd;k x;k gSA vuqlwph dk Hkkx d vk;kr vkSj fu;kZr fd, tkus;ksX; vif'k"Vksa dh nks lwfp;ksa ls gh lacaf/kr gSA Hkkx&d dh lwph d ,oa [k esavk;kr vkSj fu;kZr dh tkus okyh lwphc) enksa dks dPps eky ds :i esa dsoyiqu%pØ.k vFkok iqu%bLrseky ds fy, gh Lohdkj fd;k tkrk gSA 115 ifjladVe;vif'k"V ds :i esa bysfDVªdy ,oa bysDVªkWfud dckM+ksa dks lwph ^d* esa Øñlañd 1180 rFkk lwph&[k essa Øñlañ [k 1110 ds varxZr j[kk x;k gSA Øe lañ d1180 fu;eksa ds varxZr ifjladVe; gS tcfd Øñlañ [k 1110 ifjladVe; ughagS vkSj izR;{k iqu% bLrseky gsrq gS vkSj iqu%pØ.k vFkok vafre fuiVku gsrq ugha gSAlwph ^d* ds varxZr vkus okys vif'k"Vksa dks fons'k O;kikj egkfuns'kky;¼Mhth,QVh½ ds ykblsal ds fcuk bl ns'k esa vk;kr djus dh vuqefr ughagSA 116 rFkkfi] bZ&vif'k"V dks izk;% i;kZoj.k :i ls etcwr iqu%pØ.k izca/ku dks/;ku esa j[ks fcuk blds iqu%bLrseky vFkok iqu%pØ.k ds uke ij vk;kr fd;ktkrk gSA115xkbMykbUl Qksj ,Uok;juesaVyh lkmaM eSustesaV vkWQ bZ&osLV] 2008] lhihlhch] i;kZoj.kvkSj ou ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj] 2008 116Mh th ,Q Vh ifjladVe; vif'k"Vksa ds vk;kr gsrq ykblsal dh eatwjh ns ldrk gS [fu;e13¼5½] vFkok vk;kr ,oa fu;kZr gsrq izfrcaf/kr ifjladVe; vif'k"Vksa ds fy, ykblsaldks vLohd`r dj ldrk gSA [fu;e 12¼7½]62


3-2-2 ifjladVe; vif'k"V ¼izca/ku gFkkyu vkSj lhekikjh; lapkyu½fu;e 2008bZ&vif'k"V gsrq mi;qDr fo/kku cukus ds vius iz;kl esa dsUnz ljdkj uscsly vfHkle;] ftl ij Hkkjr us gLrk{kj fd;k Fkk esa dh xbZ ladYiuk ds :iesa ifjladVe; vif'k"V ds lhekikjh; lapkyu dks jksdus ds fy,] ifjladVe;vif'k"V ¼izca/ku] gFkkyu vkSj lhekikjh; lapkyu½ fu;e] 2007 dk izk:irS;kj fd;k FkkA 117 ifjladVe; vif'k"V ¼izca/ku vkSj gFkkyu½ fu;e] 1989dk izfrLFkkiu djrs gq, 24 flrEcj] 2008 dks i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; }kjkbl izfrLFkkiu ls iwoZ fd, x, dk;Z vFkok gVk, x, dk;ks± dks NksM+dj bufu;eksa dks ifjladVe; vif'k"V ¼izca/ku] gFkkyu vkSj lhekikjh; lapkyu½fu;e] 2008 ds :i esa vf/klwfpr fd;k x;k FkkA 118 izfrLFkkfir fu;eksa esabysfDVªdy vkSj bysDVªkWfud vif'k"Vksa lfgr ifjladVe; vif'k"Vksa ds mfprizca/ku ,oa gFkkyu gsrq funsZ'k 'kkfey gSaA bysDVªkWfud rFkk oS|qr vif'k"V lfgrifjladVe; vif'k"V ds iqupZØ.k vFkok iqul±lk/ku gsrq bPNqd izR;sd O;fDrdks bu fu;eksa ds vuqlkj dsUnzh; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ esa Lo;a dks iathd`r djkukgksrk gSA 119 bZ&vif'k"V dk gFkkyu djus okyh bdkb;ksa dks dsUnzh; iznw"k.kfu;a=.k cksMZ esa iathdj.k djkuk iM+rk gSA mRikfnr vif'k"V esa ls /kkrqvksa]IykfLVd bR;kfn dks fudkyus ds fy, i;kZoj.k vuqdwy lqfo/kkvksa ls yslfdlh iathd`r vFkok vf/kd`r iqupZØd vFkok iqu%lk/kd vFkok iqu%mi;ksxdrkZds ikl Hkst fn;k vFkok csp fn;k tkuk visf{kr gksrk gSA 120 dsUnzh; iznw"k.kfu;a=.k cksMZ dks ,sls vkosndksa dks iathd`r djus ds iwoZ ;g lqfuf'pr djuk117,eñihñ jkeeksgu] bfr xxZ ,oa xk;=h dqekj] ^bZ&vif'k"V dk fofu;eu% bZ&vif'k"V ijvarjkZ"Vªh; ,oa jk"Vªh; fof/k


iM+rk gS fd vH;FkhZ vif'k"Vksa ds iqupZØ.k vFkok iqu%lalk/ku gsrq i;kZoj.kvuqdwy izkS|ksfxdh dk mi;ksx dj jgk gS vkSj mlds ikl ifjladVe; vif'k"Vksa dsiqupZØ.k iqu%lalk/ku vFkok iqu%iz;ksx gsrq i;kZIr rduhdh {kerk] visf{krlqfoèk,a rFkk midj.k miyC/k gaSAifjladVe; vif'k"V ¼izca/ku] gFkkyu vkSj lhekikjh; lapyu½ fu;e]2008 ds varxZr i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky;] ifjladVe; vif'k"Vksa ds lhekikjh;lapyu ls fuiVus rFkk Hkkjr ds fdlh Hkh Hkkx ls gksdj ifjladVe; vif'k"V dslapyu gsrq vuqefr nsus ds fy, ,d uksMy ea=ky; gSA blesa ifjladVe;vif'k"V enksa ds vk;kr dks rhu Jsf.k;ksa ds varxZr ckaVk gS μ iwokZuqefr ls vk;krfd;s tkus okys inkFkZ] [kqyh lkekU; vuqKfIr ds varxZr eqDr vk;kr rFkk ,slsinkFkZ] ftuds ns'k esa vk;kr ij izfrca/k gSA izFke Js.kh esa /kkrq rFkk ,.Vheuh]lhlk xSYouh voiad rFkk v[k.M vFkok filh gqbZ vif'k"V lhlk vEy cSVfj;ksals fudkys tkus okys /kkrqvksa eqDr vif'k"V 'kkfey gSaA vk;krd dks fons'kO;kikj egkfuns'kky; ls vuqKfIr izkIr djuh gksrh gSA nwljh Js.kh okyh lwph esaykSg] bLikr rFkk tLrk ds dckM+] lhlk dckM+ lhlk] vEy okyh cSVfj;ksa dksNksM+dj rkacs dk vif'k"V rFkk blds feJ /kkrq tSls inkFkZ 'kkfey gSaA bl Js.kh esa'kkfey vif'k"Vksa dk O;kikj [kqyh lkekU; vuqKfIr ds varxZr fd;k tkrk gSArhljh Js.kh esa] vuqlwph VI esa ;FkkmfYyf[kr vif'k"V tSls ikjk] csjhfy;e]vklsZfud] lsysfu;e] FkSfy;e] "kV~la;ksth Øksfe;e ;kSfxdksa] bR;kfn ds vk;krij izfrca/k gSAblds vfrfjDr] i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; us ifjladVe; vif'k"V ¼izca/ku]gFkkyu vkSj lhekikjh; lapyu½ fu;e] 2008 ds dk;kZUo;u dh fuxjkuh gsrq,d leUo; lfefr xfBr dh gSA bl lfefr esa foÙk ea=ky; ¼jktLo foHkkx½]okf.kT; vkSj m|ksx ea=ky; ¼fons'k O;kikj egkfuns'kky;]½ iksr ifjoguea=ky;] dsUnzh; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ dqN pfquank jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ rFkkfo'ks"kK 'kkfey gSaA 121121^[krjukd vif'k"V inkFkZ dk O;kikj* ] jkT; lHkk rkjkafdr iz'u lañ 119fnukad 2-8-201064


3-2-3 bZ&vif'k"V ds i;kZoj.kh; n`f"V ls ifjiw.kZ izca/ku gsrq fn'kkfunsZ'k] 2008bZ&vif'k"V ds eqís ij c


fu;a=.k cksMZ ¼,l ih lh ch½ dks lkSais tkus ij cy fn;k gSA jkT; dk i;kZoj.kfoHkkx vFkok jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ vko';d gksus ij vkSj dBksj ekudfuèkkZfjr dj ldrs gSaA ifjladVe; vif'k"V izca/ku ds fofHkUu igyqvksa lslacaf/kr fn'kkfunsZ'kksa dks izdkf'kr djus ds vykok] i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; usfu;eksa ds dk;kZUo;u dks lqdj cukus ds fy, jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ dhetcwrh gsrq foÙkh; lgk;rk Hkh eqgS;k djkbZ gSA ifjladVe; vif'k"V ds izca/kugsrq lkekU; lalk/ku] HkaMkj.k rFkk fuiVku laca/kh lqfo/kk,a miyC/k djkus ds fy,Hkh foÙkh; lgk;rk nh xbZ gSA blds vfrfjDr] ea=ky; rFkk dsUnzh; iznw"k.kfu;a=.k cksMZ fu;eksa esa fu/kkZfjr mica/kksa ds izfr tkx:drk iSnk djus ds fy,le;≤ ij izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe izk;ksftr djrk gSA 1253-2-4 izk:i bZ&vif'k"V ¼izca/ku rFkk gFkkyu½ fu;e] 2010bZ&vif'k"V ls mi;ksxh lkexzh dh izkfIr rFkk@vFkok iqu% iz;ksx bldsifj.kkeLo:i fuiVku gsrq ifjladVe; vif'k"V dh ek=k esa deh ykus] rFkklHkh izdkj ds oS|qr rFkk bysDVªkWfud miLdj vif'k"V gsrq i;kZoj.k vuqdwyBksl izca/ku] dks yksd fgr esa vko';d tkudj] ljdkj us izk:i bZ&vif'k"V¼izca/ku vkSj gFkkyu½] fu;e] 2010 izLrqr fd;kA 126 i;kZoj.k ,oa ou ea=ky;us i.kèkjdksa ls vkifÙk;ka@lq>ko vkeaf=r dj la'kksf/kr izk:i bZ&vif'k"V ¼izcaèuvkSj gFkkyu ½ fu;e] 2010 dks flrEcj 2010 esa vafre :i fn;k rFkk blsviuh osclkbV ij MkykA ;s fu;e vHkh vf/klwfpr ugha fd, x, gSa vkSj1 tuojh] 2012 ls buds izHkko esa vkus rFkk jkT; ljdkjksa@jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.kcksMZ }kjk bls fØ;kfUor fd, tkus dh laHkkouk gSA bl chp esa jkT; lHkk dslHkkifr ds {ks=kf/kdkj ds varxZr dk;Zjr foHkkx&lacaf/kr m|ksx laca/kh lalnh;125ih vkbZ ch izsl fjyht ^gStkMZl osLV eSustesaV :Yl] fefuLVªh vkWQ ,UokW;juesaV ,aMQkWjsLV] 22 vDVwcj] 2008 126MªkV ^bZ&osLV ¼eSustesaV ,aM gSaMfyax½:Yl] 2010] uksfVfQds'ku* fnukad 14 ebZ] 2010¼xouZesaV vkWQ bafM;k] fefuLVªh vkWQ ,Uok;juesaV ,aM QkWjsLV 66


LFkk;h lfefr us bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V rFkk e/;e] y?kq vkSj lw{e m|eksa¼,e ,l ,e bZ ,l½ ds fo"k; ij fof'k"V oksV ij fopkj gSA lfefr us20 fnlEcj] 2010 dks viuh cSBd esa izk:i fu;eksa ds laca/k esa lfpo] e/;e]y?kq vkSj lw{e ea=ky; dks lquk gSA lfefr us ;g eglwl fd;k gS fd mfYyf[krfu;eksa ds laca/k esa e/;e] y?kq vkSj lw{e m|eksa dk n`f"Vdks.k egRoiw.kZ gSD;ksafd bZ&vif'k"V ds izca/ku rFkk iqupZØ.k esa cM+h la[;k esa e/;e m|e'kkfey gSaA lfefr ds izfrosnu dh izrh{kk gSA3-2-4-1 mÙkjnkf;RoflrEcj] 2010 esas i;kZoj.k ,oa ou ea=ky; ds osclkbV ij fn, x,la'kksfèr izk:i vf/klwpuk ds vuqlkj] ;g fu;e oS|qr rFkk bysDVªkWfud miLdjvFkok la?kVdksas ds fofuekZ.k] fcØh] Ø; rFkk izlaLdj.k esa yxs izR;sd mRiknd]Mhyj] laxzg dsanz] bu mRiknksa ds fjQfcZ'kj] Hkatd] iqupZØdrkZ] uhykehdÙkkZ]miHkksDrk vFkok Fkksd miHkksDrk ij ykxw gksaxsA 127 fu;eksa esa fofHkUu i.k/kkjdksa dsmÙkjnkf;Ro dk Hkh fu/kkZj.k fd;k x;k gSA foLrkfjr mRiknd mÙkjnkf;Ro dh,dy voèkj.kk dk vuqiz;ksx gh bu fu;eksa dks fof'k"V cukrk gSAizk:i fu;eksa ds vuqlkj] oS|qr rFkk bysDVªkWfud miLdjksa lfgr cM+s rFkk NksVslkf/kt] dEI;wVj] f[kykSus] lqfo/kk rFkk [ksy lk/ku] rFkk fpfdRlk lkf/ktmRikndksa ij buds fofuekZ.k ds nkSjku mRikfnr bZ&vif'k"V ds laxzg.k rFkk bldsiqupZØ.k vFkok fuiVku dh ftEesnkjh gksxhA os ^foLrkfjr mRiknd mÙkjnkf;Ro*ds fl)kUr ds vuqlj.k esa] ^viuh mi;ksfxrk vof/k iwjh dj pqds* mRiknksa lsfudys bZ&vif'k"V ds fy, laxzg.k dsUnzksa dh LFkkiuk djsaxs rFkk ;g lqfuf'prdjasxs fd ,sls bZ&vif'k"V fdlh iathd`r fjQfcZ'kj vFkok Hkatd vFkok iqupZØdrkZds ikl Hksts tk,aA mRiknd ;g lqfuf'pr djsaxs fd lHkh oS|qr rFkk bysDVªkWfudmiLdjksa esa bZ&vif'k"V izca/ku iz.kkyh ds varxZr mRikn lapyu fuxjkuh gsrq,d fof'k"V Øe la[;k vFkok oS;fäd igpku dksM gksA mRiknd ^mi;ksfxrk127ogh67


vof/k iwjh dj pqds vius mRiknksa ls fudys bZ&vif'k"V rFkk bu fu;eksa dsizHkkoh gksus dh frfFk ij igys ls miyC/k ^,sfrgkfld vif'k"V* 128 ds i;kZoj.kvuqdwy izca/ku ij vkus okyh ykxr ds fy, foÙk O;oLFkk rFkk ,d iz.kkyh dhHkh O;oLFkk djsaxsA mRikndksa dks Mhyjksa rFkk vfèd`r laxzg dsUnzksa dk laidZ irkmiHkksDrk dks eqgS;k djkuk gksxk rkfd bZ&vif'k"V ds okil lapyu esa lqfo/kkgksA 129Mhyj miHkksDrk dks bZ&vif'k"V laxzg djus ds fy, ,d fMCck] dwM+knkuvFkok bZ&vif'k"V tek djus ds fy, ,d fpfør {ks= miyC/k djk,axs vkSj ;glqfuf'pr djsasxs fd og mRiknd vFkok vf/kd`r laxzg.k dsUnz rFkk lqjf{kr :iesa okil vk,A Mhyjksa] fjQfcZ'kjksa] Hkatdksa rFkk iqupZØdrkZvksa dks jkT; iznw"k.kfu;a=.k cksMZ vFkok dsUnzh; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ] tks Hkh ykxw gks] ds ikliathdj.k djkuk gksxk] vkSj ;g lqfuf'pr djuk gksxk fd bZ&vif'k"V dslaxzg.k] lapyu] Hkatu rFkk fjQfcZf'kax ls LokLF; ;k i;kZoj.k ij dksbZ izfrdwyizHkko u gksA lHkh i.k/kkjdksa dks lacaf/kr jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ vFkok iznw"k.kfu;a=.k lfefr ¼ih lh lh½ ds le{k iathdj.k djkuk] gFkkfyr bZ&vif'k"V dsvfHkys[k dk j[kj[kko djuk rFkk lacaf/kr jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ vFkokih lh lh esa izi= 3 esa okf"kZd fooj.k tek djuk gksxkAizk:i fu;eksa esa Li"V :i esa miHkksDrkvksa rFkk Fkksd miHkksDrkvksa ds mÙkjnkf;Roksadk mYys[k gSA mUgsa ;g lqfuf'pr djuk gksxk fd bZ&vif'k"V Mhyjksa vFkokvfèd`r laxzg.k dsUnzksa ij tek fd, tk,aA 130 os mRikndksa }kjk miyC/k djk,tkus okyh mBku vFkok okilh lsok dk Hkh ykHk mBk ldrs gSaA bu fu;eksa dsvuqlkj oS;fäd vFkok lkewfgd :i ls laxzg.k dsUnz lapkfyr djus okys128izk:i ^bZ&vif'k"V ¼izcaèu rFkk gFkkyu½ fu;e] 2010* ds vuqlkj ^fgLVksfjdy osLV*dk vfHkizk; bu fu;eksa ds izHkkoh gksus dh frfFk ij cktkj esa miyCè lHkh miyCèbZ&vif'k"V ls gS129ogh lañ 126130^lsUVj MªkV~l :Yl QkWj bZ&osLV fjlkbfDyax], 29 vizSy] 201068


O;fDr dks lacaf/kr jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ vFkok iznw"k.k fu;a=.k lfefr lsizkf/kd`r gksuk iM+sxkA bZ&vif'k"V izca/ku dks i;kZoj.k vuqdwy rjhds ls lqfuf'prdjus ds fy,] mUgsa ;g lqfuf'pr djuk iMs+xk fd HkaMkj.k iz.kkyh lqjf{kr gksrFkk mRiknd] fjQfcZ'kj vFkok iathd`r iqupZØd rFkk lapyu lqjf{kr rjhds lsgksA 131bysDVªkWfud oLrqvksa ds lqjf{kr fuiVku gsrq fofuekZrkvksa dks ftEesnkj cukrsgq, izLrkfor fu;e Hkkjr esa igyh ckj foLrkfjr mRiknd nkf;Ro dh ladYiukdks iz;ksx esa ykrs gSaA 132 blds fy, mRiknksa dh dk;Z vof/k lekIr gksus dsi'pkr~ fofuekZrkvksa }kjk mUgsa okil fy;k tkuk vko';d gksrk gSA bldk y{;,sls bysDVªkWfud mRiknksa ds fuekZ.k esa i;kZoj.k&vuqdwy fMtkbuksa dks c


ysDVªkWfud midj.k esa lhlk] ikjk] dSMfe;e] gsDlkoSysUV Øksfe;e] ikWyhczksfeusVsMckbfQukby~l ¼ihñchñchñ½ ;k ikWyhczksfeusVsM MkbfQukby bZFkj ¼ihñchñMhñbZñ½ugha gksA gkfudkjd inkFkks± ds iz;ksx esa ,slh deh u, bZ&vif'k"V fu;eksa ds ykxwgksus dh frfFk ls rhu o"kks± dh vof/k ds vanj dj yh tk,xhA ;g fu;e] mRiknlwpuk iqfLrdk esa midj.k ds la?kVdksa laca/kh foLr`r lwpuk dk izko/kku Hkhdjrk gSA blds vfrfjDr] bysfDVªdy ,oa bysDVªkWfud midj.k ds fy, cktkjesa vk;kr ;k LFkkiu dh vuqefr dsoy mUgsa nh tk,xh tks vkjñvksñ,pñ,lñ dkvuqikyu djrs gksaArFkkfi] i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; us ;g dgk gS fd izkIr&fVIif.k;ksa rFkkbZ&vif'k"V ¼izca/ku vkSj gFkkyu½ fu;e] 2010 dh elkSnk vf/klwpuk ds lacaèesa i.k/kkjdksa ds lkFk gq, ijke'kZ ds vk/kkj ij bZ&vif'k"V fu;eksa dk vafreelkSnk forjdksa ,oa fjQfcZ'klZ ds fy, ykxw ugha gksxkA iqu% mRikndksa dks mudsfe;kn iwjh dj pqds bZ&vif'k"V ds laxzg.k dh O;oLFkk djus gsrq mÙkjnk;hcuk;k x;k gSA 1333-2-4-2 u, izk:i fu;eksa dh lekykspukrFkkfi] ljdkj }kjk bZ&vif'k"V izca/ku laca/kh cuk, x, elkSnk fu;eksa dhfofHkUu i;kZoj.k lewgksa }kjk vusd vk/kkjksa ij vkykspuk dh xbZ gSA loZizFke];g vlaxfBr vkSj y?kq ,oa e/;e {ks=ksa dh vuns[kh djrk gS tgka 90 izfr'krbZ&vif'k"V l`ftr gksrk gSA orZeku esa ;g dkuwu vukSipkfjd iqupZØ.k esa'kkfey yksxksa ds iquokZl gsrq fdlh ;kstuk dk izko/kku ugha djrk gSA bysDVªkWfudbaMLVªh ,lksfl,'ku vkWQ bafM;k ¼bZñ,yñlhñvkbZñ,uñ,ñ½ ds oSKkfud ,oa vkS|ksfxdfodkl foHkkx us foKku vkSj izkS|ksfxdh ea=ky; ds lg;ksx ls Qjojh 2009 esaHkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"V izca/ku dh fLFkfr vkSj laHkkO;rk dk v/;;u fd;kA mUgksausvius fu"d"kZ esa dgk fd vkSipkfjd vkSj vukSipkfjd {ks= ds chp dk lgthohlaca/k fu.kkZ;d FkkA blesa dgk x;k% ^^vkiwfrZ Ük``a[kyk Hkkxhnkjksa ds :i esavkSipkfjd iqupZØdksa dh lgk;rk gsrq bZ&vif'k"V ds laxzg.k] i`FkDdj.k ,oa133jkT; lHkk lfpoky; ds vuqlaèku ,dd }kjk rS;kj fd, x, ^bZ&osLV bu bafM;k*uked MªkV cSdxzkm.Mj ds lacaè esa i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk nhxbZ fVIif.k;ka rFkk lq>koA fnukad 19 vizSy] 2011 dkñKkñlañ 23&4@2011&,pñ,lñ,eñMhñ70


Hkatu esa vukSipkfjd {ks= dh Hkwfedk dks c


laxfBr djus dh vko';drk gSA mRiknd foLrkfjr mRiknd mÙkjnkf;Ro¼bZñihñvkjñ½ ds dk;kZUo;u gsrq fofHkUu O;olk; ekWMyksa dks viuk ldrs gSaA 137rhljh ckr ;g gS fd elkSnk fu;e fofHkUu Jsf.k;ksa ds varxZr mnkgj.kkFkZ]èkrq dckM+ ,oa iqjkus bysfDVªdy midj.kksa dh vkM+ esa bZ&vif'k"V dh lhekikjxfrfof/k dh xaHkhjrk ij Hkh /;ku ugha nsrs gSaApkSFkh ckr ;g gS fd lw{e] y?kq vkSj e/;e m|e ea=ky; ds vuqlkjbZ&vif'k"V ds laxzg.k] fuiVku ,oa iqupZØ.k ds laca/k esa vusd mÙkjnkf;Roksa dksmRikndksa ¼lw{e] y?kq vkSj e/;e m|eksa½ ij Fkksis tkus ds dkj.k lw{e] y?kq vkSje/;e m|e {ks= u, elkSnk fu;eksa ds varxZr mRiknd ds :i esa eq[; :i lsizHkkfor gSaA blus ;g flQkfj'k dh gS fd lw{e] y?kq vkSj e/;e m|eksa dh pkSFkhvf[ky Hkkjrh; x.kuk ¼2006&07½ ds vuqlkj ns'k ds lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh]nwjlapkj midj.kksa] ?kjsyw midj.kksa] miHkksDrk ,oa izdk'k laca/kh midj.kksa] fuxjkuh,oa fu;a=.k midj.kksa esa yxHkx 1]11]754 bdkb;ka yxh gSa ftuesa ls dsoy27]415 iathd`r bdkb;ka gSa vkSj 84]339 viathd`r bdkb;ka gSaA iathd`r lw{e]y?kq vkSj e/;e m|e bdkb;ksa dk vkSlr ldy mRikn 80-00 yk[k #i, ls1-00 djksM+ #i, izfro"kZ@bdkbZ rd gSA dgk tkrk gS fd i;kZoj.kh; n`f"V lslqjf{kr iqupZØ.k bdkbZ dh LFkkiuk esa izkS+|ksfxdh fufgr gksus ds dkj.k Hkkjhfuos'k dh t:jr iM+ ldrh gS vkSj bldh LFkkiuk vkfFkZd :i ls O;ogk;Zdsoy rHkh gksxh] tc bZ&vif'k"V izlaLdj.k dk i;kZIr VuZvksoj gksA blfy,]mRikndksa ,oa iz;ksDrkvksa ds ifjpkyu rFkk LFkkfud igyqvksa ds fuEu Lrj ijfopkj djrs gq, ;k rks O;fDrxr rkSj ij ;k lkewfgd :i ls bZ&vif'k"ViqupZØ.k bdkbZ dh LFkkiuk djuk gj ,d mRiknd ,eñ,lñ,eñbZñ ds fy,vkfFkZd :i ls O;ogk;Z ,oa HkkSfrd :i ls laHko ugha gks ldrk gS vkSj u ghO;fDrxr rkSj ij ;k lkewfgd :i ls laxzg.k dsanzksa dh LFkkiuk djuk muds fy,laHko gksxkA137jkT; lHkk lfpoky; ds vuqlaèku ,dd }kjk rS;kj ^bZ&osLV bu bafM;k* uked izk:icSdxzkm.Mj ds lacaè esa i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk nh xbZ fVIif.k;karFkk lq>koA fnukad 19 vizSy 2011 dk dkñKkñlañ 23&4@2011&,pñ,lñ,eñMhñA72


lw{e] y?kq vkSj e/;e m|e ea=ky; dh jk; gS fd mRikndksa ¼lw{e] y?kqvkSj e/;e m|eksa½ dk mÙkjnkf;Ro fuEufyf[kr rd lhfer gksuk pkfg,%μ¼d½ izkf/kd`r iqupZØdksa ds ek/;e ls bysDVªkWfud oLrqvksa ds fofuekZ.k dsnkSjku l`ftr bZ&vif'k"V ds iqupZØ.k rd( vkSj¼[k½ iqfLrdkvksa@foojf.kdkvksa ds :i esa ,sls mRiknksa dh fcØh ds le;izkf/kd`r bZ&vif'k"V iqupZØdksa ds laca/k esa miHkksDrkvksa dks lwpukiznku djus rdA 138ikapoha ckr ;g gS fd u, elkSnk fu;eksa esa Hkh ySaMfQy] fuiVku dk ,dizdkj cuk gqvk gSA fu;e ^fuiVku* dks ,sls dk;Z ds :i esa ifjHkkf"kr djrs gSaftlesa HkkSfrd&jklk;fud ;k tSfod 'kks/ku] HkLehdj.k vkSj lqjf{kr ySaMfQyesa fu{ksi.k 'kkfey gSA fu;eksa esa dgk x;k gS fd izR;sd Hkatd ;g lqfuf'prdjsxk fd xSj&iqupZØ.k ;ksX;@xSj&izkI; la?kVdksa dks izkf/kd`r 'kks/ku HkaMkj.krFkk fuiVku lqfo/kkvksa ds fy, Hkstk tk,A ;g lqfuf'pr djuk Hkh izR;sdiqupZØd ;k jhizkslslj dk mÙkjnkf;Ro gksxk fd lqfo/kk ,oa iqupZØ.k izfØ;k,ale;≤ ij lhñihñlhñchñ }kjk izdkf'kr fn'kkfunsZ'kksa esa fu/kkZfjr ekudksads vuq:i gksa vkSj ;g Hkh lqfuf'pr djuk gksxk fd rRlaca/kh l`ftr vo'ks"kdk fuiVku gkfudkjd vif'k"V 'kks/ku HkaMkj.k fuiVku lqfo/kk esa fd;k tk,Abl laca/k esa lhñihñlhñchñ dk bZ&vif'k"V ds i;kZoj.kh; n`f"V ls lqjf{krizca/ku gsrq fn'kkfunsZ'k] 2008 us vius ^lesfdr bZ&vif'k"V iqupZØ.k vkSj'kks/ku lqfo/kk dh LFkkiuk gsrq fn'kkfunsZ'k* esa mYys[k fd;k gS fd IykfLVd]ftldk iqupZØ.k ugha fd;k tk ldrk gS vkSj tks gkfudkjd Lo:i dk gS]dks utnhdh 'kks/ku] HkaMkj.k vkSj fuiVku lqfo/kk bls ¼Vhñ,lñMhñ,Qñ½ esaySaMfQy fd, tkus dh flQkfj'k dh tkrh gSA138jkT; lHkk lfpoky; ds vuqlaèku ,dd }kjk rS;kj ^bZ&osLV bu bafM;k* uked MªkVcSdxzkm.Mj ds lacaè esa lw{e] y?kq vkSj e/;e m|e ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk nh xbZfVIif.k;ka rFkk lq>koA ^bZ&vif'k"V dk izcaèu* fo"k; ds lacaè esa lw{e] y?kq vkSje/;e m|e }kjk dh xbZ fVIif.k;ksa rFkk lq>koksa lfgr fnukad 24-02-2011 dh,eñ,lñ,eñbZñ Qkby lañ vkjñ,lñ@bZ&osLV@2010@bZñ ,aM Vhñvkjñ dks fnukad06-01-2011 dh i= lañ vkjñ,lñ@ihñ,lñlhñ ehfVax@bZ&osLV@2010@bZñ ,aM Vhñvkjñ dsrgr m|ksx lacaèh lfefr] jkT; lHkk lfpoky; dks vxzsf"kr fd;k x;k73


i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; us fVIi.kh dh gS fd IykfLVd esa ekStwn ykSvojks/kdksa dk lhesaV la;a= esa HkLehdj.k ;k lg&lalk/ku ds ek/;e ls fuiVkufd;k tk ldrk gSA rFkkfi] ySaMfQy esa ,sls IykfLVdksa ds fuiVku dks izksRlkguugha fn;k tkuk pkfg,A 139 blds vykok] ;fn lhls dh iqu%izkfIr de gks] rksmls vLFkk;h rkSj ij bZ&vif'k"V Hkatu lqfo/kk esa HkaMkfjr fd;k tk ldrk gS vkSjckn esa bls Vhñ,lñMhñ,Qñ esa fuiVku fd;k tk ldrk gSA 1403-2-4-3 i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; }kjk izk:i bZ&vif'k"V fu;eksa esa fd, x,ifjorZutSlkfd igys mYys[k fd;k x;k gS] foHkkx&lacaf/kr m|ksx laca/kh lalnh;LFkk;h lfefr us 20 fnlEcj] 2010 dks viuh cSBd esa fopkj&foe'kZ gsrqbZ&vif'k"V ls lacaf/kr fu;eksa ds eqís dks mBk;k vkSj blds ckn i;kZoj.kvkSj ou ea=ky; dks lykg nh fd og bu fu;eksa dks rc rd vf/klwfprugha djs] tc rd fd ;g lfefr lw{e] y?kq vkSj e/;e m|eksa dh fparkvksals i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; dks voxr u djk nsA lfefr ds gLr{ksi dsmijkar i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; us lfpo] lw{e] y?kq vkSj e/;e m|e dslkFk bZ&vif'k"V fu;eksa ij fopkj&foe'kZ fd;k rFkk ;g fu.kZ; fy;kx;k fd lw{e] y?kq vkSj e/;e m|e fodkl vf/kfu;e] 2006 esa nh xbZifjHkk"kk ds vuqlkj lw{e vkSj y?kq m|eksa dks bZ&vif'k"V fu;eksa ls NwVnh tk,xhA rFkkfi] ;g lgefr cuh fd ;g NwV lw{e vkSj y?kq m|eksa }kjkl`ftr bZ&vif'k"V dh ek=k rFkk mlds izcaèu dh tkap gsrq fd, x,v/;;u ds v/;/khu gksxhA tc rd bl laca/k esa fd;k tk jgk v/;;u iwjk139jkT; lHkk lfpoky; ds vuqlaèku ,dd }kjk rS;kj ^bZ&osLV bu bafM;k* uked izk:icSdxzkm.Mj ds lacaè esa i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk nh xbZ fVIif.k;karFkk lq>koA fnukad 19 vizSy 2011 dk dkñKkñlañ 23&4@2011&,pñ,lñ,eñMhñA140^bZ&vif'k"V ds i;kZoj.kh; n`f"V ls lqjf{kr izcaèu gsrq fn'kkfunsZ'k] 2008*] lhñihñlhñchñ]i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj] 2008] ; bUgsa Hkh ns[ksa] lat; tksx] ^VSuLVsV~l dkaLVhV~;wV 70% vkWQ bZ&osLV tsusjsVsM bu bafM;k*] fn Qk;usaf'k;y ,Dlizsl]13 ekpZ] 2008( vkSj 74


ugha gks tkrk rc rd ;g NwV tkjh jgsxhA ;g irk pyk gS fd lw{e] y?kq vkSje/;e m|e ea=ky; ,slk v/;;u djok,xk vkSj bl iz;kstukFkZ 6 eghus dkle; fy;k tk,xkA 1413-2-5 'kks/ku] HkaMkj.k vkSj fuiVku lqfo/kkvksa ¼Vh,lMh,Q½ gsrq ljdkjh lgk;rkljdkj us vif'k"V ds fuiVku ls lacaf/kr eqíksa dk lek/kku djus ds fy,vusd igysa dh gSaA ljdkj gkfudkjd vif'k"V mRlftZr djus okys m|ksxksa dsDyLVjksa esa lkoZtfud futh Hkkxhnkjh ¼ihihih½ ds vk/kkj ij gkfudkjdvif'k"V izca/ku gsrq ,dhd`r 'kks/ku] HkaMkj.k vkSj fuiVku lqfo/kkvksa ¼Vh,lMh,Q½dh LFkkiuk dks c


o"kZ jkT; jkf'k ¼yk[k #i;s esa½2009&2010 egkjk"Vª 2-40 djksM+ #i;s2009&2010 mÙkj izns'k 80-002009&2010 dsjy 80-00'kks/ku] Hk.Mkj.k vkSj fuiVku lqfo/kkvksa dh LFkkiuk gsrq vkoafVr dh xbZèujkf'k dk vU; xfrfof/k;ksa ;k ifj;kstukvksa ds fy, mi;ksx dj ysus dhlaHkkouk dks nwj djus ds fy, 'kks/ku] Hk.Mkj.k vkSj fuiVku lqfo/kkvksa dhLFkkiuk gsrq nh tkus okyh foÙkh; lgk;rk tkjh fd, tkus ls igys i;kZoj.kvkSj ou ea=ky;] jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ vkSj m|eh ds chp ,d le>kSrk&Kkiu ij gLrk{kj fd, tkrs gSaA bl le>kSrk&Kkiu esa ,d 'krZ ml lqfo/kk dhizxfr ij fuxjkuh j[kus ds fy, ,d lfefr dk xBu fd, tkus dh Hkh gksrhgSA blds vfrfjDr] foÙkh; lgk;rk lacaf/kr jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ }kjkys[kkijhf{kr mi;ksfxrk izek.ki= vkSj HkkSfrd izxfr fjiksVZ izLrqr dj fn, tkusds i'pkr~ gh tkjh dh tkrh gSA 1443-3 varjkZ"Vªh; vuqHko3-3-1 csly vfHkle;gkfudkjd vif'k"V ds lhekikjh; lapyu ij fu;a=.k vkSj mlds fuiVkuds laca/k esa csly vfHkle; gkfudkjd vkSj vU; vif'k"Vksa ds laca/k esalokZfèd O;kid oSf'od i;kZoj.kh; le>kSrk gSA bl ij 22 ekpZ] 1989 dks173 ns'kksa }kjk gLrk{kj fd, x, Fks vkSj ;g 5 ebZ] 1992 ls izHkkoh gqvk FkkAbls ewyr% vkfFkZd ykHk ls izsfjr gksdj le`) ns'kksa }kjk xjhc ns'kksa esa fd,tkus okys gkfudkjd vif'k"Vksa ds ikVu] tks vkS|ksxhd`r ns'kksa esa i;kZoj.kh;fofu;eksa dks dM+k dj fn, tkus vkSj gkfudkjd vif'k"V ds fuiVku dh ykxresa rhoz o`f) gks tkus dk ifj.kke Fkk] dks jksdus ds fy, cuk;k x;k FkkA igys144^gkfudkjd vif'k"V izca/ku*] jkT; lHkk vrkjkafdr iz'u lañ 4033] fnukad03-05-201076


n'kd ¼1989&1999½ esa vfHkl;e eq[;r% rhu dk;ZZlwfp;ksa ds izfr dsafnzrFkk% 145• gkfudkjd vif'k"Vksa ds ^lhekikjh;* lapyu vFkkZr~ gkfudkjd vif'k"Vksads varjkZ"Vªh; lhekvksa ds vkj&ikj lapyu dks fu;af=r djus ds fy,vk/kkjjpuk LFkkfir djuk(• ^i;kZoj.k n`f"V ls lqn`


• LoPNrj izkS|ksfxfd;ksa vkSj mRiknu i)fr;ksa dk lfØ; lao/kZu vkSjmudk mi;ksx(• gkfudkjd vkSj vU; vif'k"V ds lapyu esa vkSj deh ykuk(• voS/k ;krk;kr dk fujks/k vkSj fuxjkuh(• fo'ks"kdj fodkl'khy ns'kksa vkSj laØe.k ds nkSj ls xqtj jghvFkZO;oLFkkvksa okys ns'kksa ds fy, lkaLFkkfud vkSj rduhdh {kerkvksadk] tgka mfpr gks ogka izkS|ksfxdh ds ek/;e ls lq/kkj(• izf'k{k.k vkSj izkS|ksfxdh gLrkarj.k ds fy, +{ks=h; vkSj mi{ks=h;dsUnzksa dk vkSj fodkl( vkSj• lekt ds lHkh {ks=ksa esa lwpuk ds vknku&iznku] f'k{kk rFkk tkx#drkesa o`f)A3-3-1-1 vuqikyu vkSj dk;kZUo;ucsly vfHkle; esa blds dk;kZUo;u vkSj vuqikyu dh fuxjkuh gsrq fof'k"Vmica/k fd, x, gaSA bl vfHkle; ds cgqr&ls vuqPNsnksa esa i{kdkjksa ds fy, ;gck/;dkjh fd;k x;k gS fd os bl vfHkle; dk mYya?ku djus okys vkpj.kdks jksdus vkSj mlds fy, nf.Mr djus ds mik;ksa lfgr blds mica/kksa dkdk;kZUo;u vkSj izorZu djus ds fy, leqfpr dne mBk,axsA3-3-1-2 gkfudkjd vif'k"V ds lapyu dks fu;af=r djus dh ;kstukcsly vfHkle; dk ,d ekxZn'kZd fl)kUr ;g gS fd ekuo LokLF; vkSji;kZoj.k dks gksus okys laHkkfor [krjs dks de ls de djus dh n`f"V lsgkfudkjd vif'k"Vksa dk ml LFkku ds ;FkklaHko utnhd fuiVku fd;k tkukpkfg, tgka ls mudk mRltZu gqvk gSA blfy,] bl vfHkle; ds vUrxZr]gkfudkjd vif'k"V ;k vU; vif'k"V dk lhekikjh; lapyu dsoy rHkh gksldrk gS tc fu;kZr djus okyk ns'k vk;kr djus okys ns'k vkSj ifjogu dsnkSjku jkLrs esa iM+us okys ns'k ds l{ke izkf/kdkfj;ksa dks iwoZ esa fyf[krvfèlwpuk nsxkA gkfudkjd vif'k"V ;k vU; vif'k"V dh izR;sd f'kiesaV dslkFk lhekikjh; lapyu ds 'kq: gksus ds LFkku ls muds fuiVku ds LFkku rd78


,d lapyu nLrkost jguk pkfg,A blfy,] ,sls nLrkostksa vkfn ds fcuk HksthxbZ f'kiesaV voS/k gksrh gSA 1473-3-1-3 vfHkle; }kjk iznku dh xbZ rduhdh lgk;rkns'kksa vkSj bPNqd laxBuksa rd futh daifu;ksa vkfn dks vius vif'k"Vksa dki;kZoj.kh; n`f"V ls ifjiw.kZ rjhds ls izca/ku vkSj fuiVku djus esa lgk;rk nsusdh n`f"V ls csly vfHkle; dk lfpoky; jk"Vªh; izkf/kdkfj;ksa dks jk"Vªh;dkuwu cukus] gkfudkjd vif'k"Vksa dh oLrqlwph LFkkfir djus] jk"Vªh; laLFkkvksadks lqn`


• 1995 dk cku la'kks/ku] ftlds }kjk bl vfHkle; ds ,d uo&izLrkfor vuqca/k VII esa lwphc) ns'kksa vFkkZr~ os ns'k tks bZ;w ¼;wjksih;la?k½] vks bZ lh Mh ¼vkfFkZd lg;ksx vkSj fodkl laxBu½ ds lnL;gSa rFkk fydVsuLVsu ls bl vfHkle; ds vU; lHkh i{kdkj ns'kksa dksfdlh iz;kstu ds fy, gkfudkjd vif'k"V ds fu;kZr dks izfrcaf/krdjus dh ekax dh xbZ Fkh] cku la'kks/ku vHkh rd izHkkoh ugha gqvk gSD;ksafd bl la'kks/ku dks Lohdkj djus okys i{kdkjksa esa ls rhu&pkSFkkbZi{kdkjksa }kjk vHkh bldh vfHkiqf"V dh tkuh gSA vkt dh fLFkfr esabls uSfrd :i ls ck/;dkjh ekuk tkrk gSA la;qDr jkT; vejhdkvkfFkZd lg;ksx vkSj fodkl laxBu ds ns'kksa esa ls vdsyk ,slk ns'k gSftlus u rks ewy csly vfHkle; dh vfHkiqf"V dh gS vkSj u gh cslycku la'kks/ku dhA• 1998 esa csly vfHkle; ds rduhdh dk;Zdkjh lewg }kjk vif'k"Vdk gkfudkjd vkSj xSj&gkfudkjd vif'k"V dh fof'k"V lwfp;ksa esaoxhZdj.k vkSj y{k.k&fu:i.k] ftUgsa ckn esa bl vfHkle; ds i{kdkjksa}kjk viuk fy;k x;k ftlls bl vfHkle; dk nk;jk Hkh Li"V gksx;kA• fnlEcj] 1999 esa viuk;k x;k ns;rk vkSj {kfriwfrZ laca/kh izksVksdkWy]ftlds }kjk gkfudkjd vif'k"V ds fu;kZr ;k vk;kr ;k fuiVku dsnkSjku nq?kZVuko'k blds fc[kj tkus ds dkj.k gqbZ {kfr ds fy, ns;rkvkSj {kfriwfrZ laca/kh fu;e r; fd, x,A• fnlEcj] 2002 esa NBs i{kdkj lEesyu ¼dkWi 6½ esa Lohd`r vuqikyuO;oLFkk] ftlus i{kdkjksa ds le{k vkus okyh dk;kZUo;u vkSj vuqikyulaca/kh ijs'kkfu;ksa] tSls voS/k ;krk;kr ls fuiVus vFkok fjiksfVZ±x laca/khck/;rkvksa dks iwjk djus tSlh ijs'kkfu;ksa dh ;Fkk'kh?kz igpku djus dksc


vif'k"Vksa ds izHkkoksa dks de djus dk vkg~oku fd;k x;k gS( rFkkmipkjkRed mik;ksa ls lzksr ij dVkSrh] iquizZ;ksx] iqupZØ.k vkSj fjdojhtSls jksdFkkedkjh mik;ksa ij cy nsus ds ekSfyd ifjorZu dks c


csly vfHkle; dk fogaxkoyksdu ;g n'kkZrk gS fd dksbZ Hkh ,slk ns'k tksifjladVe; vif'k"Vksa dk fu;kZr dj jgk gS rks mls vk;krd ns'k ls iwokZuqefrysuh gksxhA blds vykok] bl vuqefr&i= esa ,slh lkexzh dh lEiw.kZ ;k=k dsnkSjku bu vif'k"Vksa ds ?kVdksa ,oa xUrO; dk C;kSjk lnSo lkFk j[kuk gksxkA nwljs'kCnksa esa] ;g vfHkle; fu;kZrd ns'k dks vk;krd ns'k dks vkus okys ifjladVe;vif'k"Vksa ds ckjs esa lwfpr djuk vfuok;Z cukrk gSA xSj&dkuwuh O;kikj dsekeys esa] mÙkjnk;h fu;kZrd dks vif'k"Vksaa dks okil ykuk gksxk rFkk {kfriwfrZ ,oalQkbZ dh dher vnk djuh gksxhA vkjEHk esa] csly vfHkle; esa bZ&osLV dseqís ij izdk'k ugha Mkyk x;k Fkk ;|fi blesa fodflr ns'kksa ls fodkl'khy ns'kksaesa ifjladVe; vif'k"Vksa ds fu;kZr ,oa iqupZØ.k laca/kh fu;e FksA rFkkfi] uSjkschesa lEiUu gq, bZ&vif'k"V laca/kh fo'oeap ij bl eqís dks vUrr% izkFkfedrk nhxbZA bl lEesyu esa ;g mYys[k fd;k x;k fd izR;sd o"kZ yxHkx 20 ls 50fefy;u ehfVªd Vu bZ&vif'k"V fo'oHkj esa l`ftr gksrk gS ftlesa 5 izfr'kr lsvf/kd lHkh rjg dk egkuxjh; Bksl vif'k"V gksrk gSA tc fo'oHkj esa izR;sdo"kZ fefy;uksa dEI;wVj [kjhns tkrs g® vkSj os iqjkus gks tkrs gS] rks Hkkjh ek=k esalhlk] dSMfe;e] ikjk vkSj vU; ifjladVe; vif'k"V jg tkrk gSA blfy,] bleap ij bl ckr ij cy fn;k x;k gS fd oSf'od miHkksDrk oLrq ØkfUr] viusvusdksa ykHkksa ds vfrfjDr] Hkkjh ek=k esa csdkj dEI;wVjksa vkSj tuLokLF; ,oai;kZoj.k ds fy, gkfudkjd vU; iqjkus bysDVªkWfud midj.kksa dks l`ftr dj jghgSAokLro esa] dqN vkadM+ksa ij iqu% cy nsrs gq,] dsoy vesfjdk esa gj o"kZyxHkx 14 ls 20 fefy;u ihñlhñ Qsads tkrs gSaA ;wjksih; la?k esa] bZ&vif'k"V dhek=k esa gj o"kZ 3 ls 5 izfr'kr dh o`f) gksus dk vuqeku gSA ;g vuqeku gS fdfodkl'khy ns'kksa esa bZ&vif'k"V dh ek=k 2010 rd rhu xq.kk gks tk;sxhA blhrjg ls] eksckby Qksuksa dk mi;ksx vkSj fuiVku&tks ihñlhñ dh rjg gh 20 o"kZigys ekStwn ugha Fkk] rsth ls c


nsus vkSj c


lnL; pkgs dSlh Hkh otg gks] xSj&vuqca/kdkjh lnL;ksa ¼vuqPNsn 4-1½ls vQz hdk esa fdlh Hkh izdkj ds ifjladVe; vif'k"V dk vk;kr ughadjsaxsA ckekdks vfHkle;] vuqyXud I esa lwphc) vif'k"V] ckekdksvfHkle; ds vuqyXud II esa lwphc) fo'ks"krkvksa okys lHkh vif'k"Vksads lkFk&lkFk dksbZ Hkh ,slk vif'k"V tks ;k rks vk;kr&fu;kZr djus okysjk"Vªkas ds ?kjsyw dkuwuksa ds vuqlkj ifjladVe; vif'k"V ekus tkrs gSa vFkokckekdks vfHkle; ds vuqlkj ifjladVe; vif'k"V ekus tkrs gSa] esa budkoxhZdj.k fn;k x;k gSA ckekdksa vfHkle; ds micU/kksa ls ;g Li"V gS fdjsfM;ks/kehZ vif'k"V] vkS|ksfxd vif'k"V] lhost vkSj lhost Lyt+ dkikVu fuf"k) gSA ckekdks vfHkle; vius lnL;ksa vius tyekxksZ esa blizdkj dh Mafiax u gks ;g lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, bldh fuxjkuh dkvkxzg djrk gSA izR;sd jk"Vª lnL; dks okf"kZd :i ls lfpoky; dksfjiksVZ djuk gksxkA 154vYi fodflr ns'kksa esa ifjladVe; vif'k"V ds O;kikj dks jksdus esacsly vfHkle; dh foQyrk vkSj ;g jgL;ksn~?kkVu fd vusd fodflrns'k vQz hdk esa fo"kSys vif'k"Vksa dks fu;kZr dj jgs gSa] dh otg lsckekdksa vfHkle; ij gLrk{kj djus dh vko';drk iM+hA vusd iz[;krekeyksa us bl Hkkouk dks vkSj lqn`


ckekdks vfHkle; vkSj csly vfHkle; esa ;g vUrj gS fd igys okysesa QkesZV vkSj Hkk"kk rks ogh bLrseky gksrh gS tksfd csly vfHkle; dh gSfdUrq ;g ifjladVe; vif'k"Vksa ds lHkh izdkj ds vk;krksa dks T;knk dM+kbZls fuf"k) djrk gSA blds vykok] blesa csly vfHkle; esa viokn ekusx, jsfM;ks/kehZ lkefxz;ksa tSls dfri; ifjladVe; vif'k"Vksa dks vioknugha ekuk gSA 1563-3-3 jksVjMe vfHkle;ckekdks vfHkle; dh rjg vUrjkZ"Vªh; O;kikj esa dfri; jlk;uksa vkSjdhVuk'kdksa ds fy, iwoZ lwfpr lgefr ¼ihñvkbZñlhñ½ izfØ;k laca/kh jksVjMevfHkle; ifjladVe; vif'k"Vksa ds O;kikj dks fofu;fer djrk gS fdUrq blesamuds mi;ksx vkSj fuLrko esa dVkSrh djus dh dksbZ izfrc)rk ugha gSA jksVjMevfHkle; dks flrEcj] 1998 esa viuk;k x;k vkSj Qjojh] 2004 esa ;g izHkkohgqvkA tqykbZ] 2007 dh fLFkfr ds vuqlkj blds 73 gLrk{kjdrkZ vkSj 117lnL; FksA vkt dh frfFk ds vuqlkj blds 140 lnL; g®A Hkkjr us 24 ebZ]2005 dks bl vfHkle; dks viuh Lohd`fr iznku dj nh FkhA ;g ifjladVe;jlk;uksa ds gkfudkjd izHkkoksa ls ekuo LokLF; vkSj i;kZoj.k dks cpkus ds fy,fu;kZrd vkSj vk;krd ns'kksa ds chp lk>k ftEesokfj;ksa dks c


jksVjMe vfHkle; ifjladVe; jlk;uksa ds fu;kZrdksa ls yscy dk mfprbLrseky] lqjf{kr lapkyu laca/kh funs'kksa dks 'kkfey djus vkSj [kjhnkjksa dksekStwnk ikcafn;ksa vFkok izfrca/kksa ds ckjs esa lwfpr djus dk vkg~oku djrk gSAfofHkUu i{k bl ckr dk fu.kZ; dj ldrs g® fd laf/k esa lwphc) jlk;uksa dsvk;kr dh vuqefr nh tk, vFkok izfrca/k yxk fn;k tk, vkSj jlk;u fu;kZrdns'kksa ds fy, ;g lqfuf'pr djuk vfuok;Z gS fd muds vf/kdkj {ks= esa fLFkrmRiknd funs'kksa vkSj fu;eksa dk vuqikyu djsaA 158 i{kksa ds ikl jlk;u ds Hkkohvk;kr ls lacaf/kr tokc rS;kj djus ds fy, ukS eghuksa dk le; gSA tokc ;k rksvfUre fu.kZ;μjlk;u vk;kr djus dh vuqefr nh tk,( ;k vk;kr dh vuqefrugha nh tk, vFkok fofufnZ"V 'krks±± ds v/;/khu vk;kr dh vuqefr nh tk,μgksldrk gS vFkok ,d vUrfje tokc Hkh gks ldrk gS@vk;krd ns'k ds fu.kZ;O;kikfjd :i ls rVLFk gksus pkfg, vFkkZr~ ?kjsyw bLrseky ds fy, ?kjsyw mRiknuds lkFk&lkFk fdlh Hkh lzksr ls vk;kr djus ds fy, leku :i ls ykxw gksuspkfg,A vfHkle; esa ;g vis{kk dh xbZ gS fd tc fdlh jlk;u ij izfrca/kyxkus vFkok dM+h ikcanh yxk, tkus dh ?kjsyw fofu;ked dkjZokbZ dh tkrh gS]rks izR;sd i{k dks ,Q,vks vkSj ;w,ubih }kjk la;qDr :i ls miyC/k lfpoky;]dks vf/klwfpr fd;k tk,A 159iwoZ lwpuk lgefr ds fl)kUr ds vykok] jksVjMe vfHkle; csly vfHkle;ds nwljs fl)kUr ij jks'kuh Mkyrk gS tks ifjladVe; inkFkks± ds ikjn'khZ vkSji;kZoj.k:i ls vuqdwy izca/ku ds laca/k esa gSaA vfHkle; ds varxZr 'kkfey fd,x, 40 jklk;fud inkFkks± esa ejdjh dEikm.M] iksyhczksehusfVM ckbfQukby¼ihchch½] iksyhDyksjhusfVM ckbfQukby ¼ihlhch½ inkFkZ bZ&vif'k"V esa ik,tkrs g®A3-3-4 ;wjksih; la?k esa fo|qr vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.k vif'k"V laca/kh¼MCY;wbZbZbZ½ funs'kvif'k"V laca/kh ekStwnk lHkh dkuwuksa esa ;wjksih; la?k dk dkuwu ,d dne vkxss gSA158^jksVjMe dUosa'ku* fodhihfM;k] 159^jksVjMe dUosa'ku* csly] jksVjMe vkSj LVkWdgkse vfHkle;ksa ds fofHkUu i{kksa ds lEesyuksadh lkFk&lkFk vlk/kkj.k cSBdsa] ckyhμb.Mksusf'k;k] 22μ24 Qjojh] 2010]86


;wjksih; dkuwu tks vius funsZ'kksa esa csly vfHkle; dks dk;kZfUor djrk gS] og;wjksih; la?k ds lnL;ksa }kjk fodkl'khy ns'kksa dks ifjladVe; vif'k"Vksa ds lHkhfu;kZrksa ij izfrca/k yxkrk gSA 160fo|qr vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.k vif'k"V laca/kh funs'k csdkj fo|qr vkSjbysDVªkWfud midj.k ds laca/k esa ;wjksih; leqnk; ds funs'k ¼2006@96@bZlh½ g®tks ifjladVe; inkFkks± ij izfrca/k funs'k ¼2002@95@bZlh½ ds lkFk Qjojh]2003 esa ;wjksih; dkuwu cu x, ftlesa lHkh izdkj ds bysfDVªdy vkSj bysDVªkWfudoLrqvksa ds laxzg.k] iqupZØ.k vkSj izkfIr y{; j[ks x,A MCY;wbZbZbZ funs'k dsvUrxZr iPphl lnL;h ;wjksih; la?k ds ns'kksa dks 13 vxLr] 2004 rd bldsmica/kksa dks jk"Vªh; dkuwu esa cnyuk t:jh gSA vxLr] 2005 rd ekYVk vkSj;wñdsñ dks NksM+dj lHkh lnL; ns'k de ls de


3-3-4-1 fo|qr vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.k vif'k"V ¼MCY;wbZbZbZ½ funs'k ds vUrxZrmRikndksa ds nkf;Rofo|qr vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.k vif'k"V laca/kh funs'k ds vUrxZr vf/kdka'knkf;Ro fo|qr vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.kksa ds mRiknd ij vf/kjksfir djrk gSAfo|qr vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.k vif'k"V laca/kh funs'k ds vuqPNsn 4 esa mRikndls mRikn bl rjg ls fMtkbu djus dh vis{kk dh xbZ gS tks mlds fo[k.Mu vkSjizkfIr esa lgk;d gksA blds vfrfjDr] mRiknd ds fy, ;g t:jh gS fd ogfof'k"V fMtkbu fo'ks"krkvksa vFkok fofuekZ.k izfØ;k ds ek/;e ls bZ&vif'k"Vdks nqckjk bLrseky djus ls u jksds tc rd fd og i;kZoj.k vkSj@vFkok lqj{kkvis{kkvksa ds fy, [krjukd u gksA vuqPNsn 5¼3½ ds vUrxZr mRiknd viusthoudky ds vUr esa igqap pqds fo|qr vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.k vif'k"V dklaxzg.k djus ds fy, ck/; gSA tc fo|qr vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.k dks iznw"k.kjfgr djus] iqtks± dks vyx&vyx djus] NksVs&NksVs VqdM+s djus] izkfIr vFkokfuiVku ds fy, rS;kj djus ds fy, lqfo/kk dks lk®ik tkrk gS rks mldk 'kks/kulcls vPNk gksuk pkfg, ftlesa lHkh nzoksa dk gVkuk vkSj fo|qr vkSj bysDVªkWfudmidj.k vif'k"V laca/kh funs'k ds mikca/k II ds vuqlkj vyx ls laxzghr fd,x, fdlh fo|qr vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.k vif'k"V ls dfri; inkFkks±] miHkksT;ksa]vkSj iqtks± dks gVkuk 'kkfey gSAvuqPNsn 7¼1½ mRikndksa dks ;k rks O;fDrxr :i ls vFkok lkewfgd O;oLFkkesa 'kkfey gksdj ,d ¼izkfIr O;oLFkk½ fjdojh flLVe LFkkfir djus ds fy,ck/; djrk gSA laxzg.k] olwyh vkSj mlls lEcU/kh foÙkh;u nks ekun.Mksa }kjkfofu;fer fd;k tkrk gSA ;fn fdlh mRikn vFkok rFkkdfFkr ^,sfrgkfldvif'k"V* dks 13 vxLr] 2005 rd vFkok mlls igys cktkj esa j[kk x;k gS rksos mRikn ,d fctusl&Vw&dUT;wej ¼ch2lh½ mRikn gksaxs vkSj mRiknd dscktkj fgLls ds vuqlkj mldk nkf;Ro mRikndksa }kjk ogu fd;k tk,xk( tcfdmi;ksxdrkZ dks fctusl&Vw&fctusl ¼ch2ch½ mRikn dk /;ku j[kuk gSA ;fnmRikn dks ml frfFk ds mijkar cktkj esa j[kk tkrk gS rks mRiknd vius O;fDrxr¼vif'k"V½ mRikn ds fy, ftEesokj gksrk gSA varr% vuqPNsn 12¼1½] lnL;ns'kksa ls mRikndksa dk ,d jftLVj cukus dh vko';drk ij tksj nsrk gSAbysfDVªd vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.k cukus okys mRikndkas dks mu ns'kksa esa jftLVj88


fd;k tkuk t:jh gS tgka ij os fLFkr gSa vkSj mUgsa jftLVjksa esa fcØh dh ek=k vkSjmRiknksa dh laxzfgr ,oa izkfIr dh ek=k dks ntZ djkuk gksxkA 1633-3-4-2 gkfudkjd inkFkks± dk fujks/k ¼vkjvks,p,l½ funs'kfo"kkDr bZ&vif'k"V dh fo'kky ek=k dh leL;k ds lek/kku gsrq ,dfo/kk;h igy ds :i esa bysfDVªdy vkSj bysDVªkWfud miLdjksa esa dfri;ifjladVe; inkFkks± ds bLrseky ij izfrca/k laca/kh ,d funs'k uker% 2002@95@bZlhftls lkekU;r% gkfudkjd inkFkks± dk fujks/k funs'k vFkok vkjvks,p,l ds :iesa lanfHkZr fd;k tkrk gS] dks ;wjksfi;u la?k }kjk Qjojh] 2003 esa viuk;k x;kFkkA vkjvks,p,l funs'k fnukad 1 tqykbZ] 2006 ls izHkko esa vk;k vkSj blsizR;sd lnL; ns'k }kjk ykxw djuk vkSj bls dkuwu cukuk visf{kr gSA ;g funs'kfofHkUu izdkj ds bysDVªkWfud vkSj bysDVªhdy midj.kksa ds fuekZ.k esa N% gkfudkjdinkFkks± ds mi;ksx ij izfrca/k yxkrk gSA 164ifjladVe; vif'k"V ds l`tu ij jksd yxkus ds fy, vkjvks,p,l funs'kds vuqlkj 1 tqykbZ] 2006 ls cktkj esa vk, u, bysDVªhdy vkSj bysDVªkWfudmidj.kksa esa fofHkUu Hkkjh /kkrqvksa uker% lhlk] ikjk] dSMfe;e] gsDlkosysaVØksfe;e vkSj czksfeusVsM yse fjVkMs±V tSls ikWyh&czksfeusVsM ckbfQukby ¼ihchch½vFkok ikWyh czksfeusVsM Mk;fQukby bZFklZ ¼ihchMhbZ½ ds izfrLFkkiu dh t:jrgSAla{ksi esa] MCY;wbZbZbZ funs'k fdlh bysDVªkWfud midj.k ds mRiknd dks bldsmiHkksDrk thou dks izHkkfor djus okys mRiknksa ds fy, ftEesokj gksus ds fy,ck/; djrk gSA vkjvks,p,l funs'k ,d dne vkxs c


3-3-4-3 ,gfr;krh fl)kUr ds mi;ksx laca/kh lans'k2 Qjojh] 2000 dkss ;wjksih; vk;ksx us viuh uhfr ds ,d eq[; fl)kar ds:i esa ,gfr;krh fl)kar ds mi;ksx ij lans'k dks viuk;k FkkA ;g fl)kartksf[keksa dk fo'ys"k.k lfgr] tksf[ke izca/ku gsrq ,d lajpukRed n`f"Vdks.k dkHkkx cu tk,xkA bldk y{; eq[;r% ;g gS fd mu tksf[keksa ftldk vHkh rdfoKku Hkh ewY;kadu ugha dj ik;k gS] dk ewY;kadu] ewY;fu:i.k] izca/ku ,oalans'k ds izfr ,d vke le> cukbZ tk, vkSj lkFk gh lkFk laj{k.kokn dk ,dNn~e :i ds :i esa ,gfr;krh fl)kUr ij vuqfpr mikJ;ksa ls Hkh cpk tk,A 166bl fl)kUr dk vuqiz;ksx bysDVªhdy ,oa bysDVªkWfud miLdjksa esa dqN vR;f/kdtksf[ke okys mRiknksa esa buds bLrseky ij dqN gn rd jksdus esa enn igqapk,xkA3-3-4-4 fLoV~tjyS.M vkSj Hkkjr esa fo|qr vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.kvif'k"V@bZ&vif'k"V izca/ku dh rqyukfofu;eksa dks cukuk vkSj mudk dk;kZUo;u fo|qr vkSj bysDVªkWfud midj.kvif'k"V ¼MCY;wbZbZbZ½ bZ&vif'k"V iqu%pØ.k dk ,d egRoiw.kZ igyw gSAfLoV~tjyS.M vkSj Hkkjr ds MCY;wbZbZbZ@bZ&vif'k"V ds ekeyksa ds rqyukRedv/;;u esa] fdlh fodflr vkSj fdlh fodkl'khy ns'k ds lanHkZ esa bZ&vif'k"Vizca/ku ls laca/kh fofu;e dh Hkwfedk ds ,d mnkgj.k dh lwpuk nh xbZ gSA 167fLoV~tjyS.M fo'o esa lokZf/kd izfrO;fDr vk; okys ns'kksa esa ls ,d ns'k gksusds lkFk&lkFk rduhdh :i ls lokZf/kd mUur ns'kksa esa ls ,d ns'k gSA o"kZ 2004ds vkadyuksa ds vuqlkj] ;gka 3-15 fefy;u dEI;wVlZ gSa] 99 izfr'kr ?kjksa esajsQz htjsVlZ gSa vkSj 96- izfr'kr ?kjksa esa Vh oh gSaA o"kZ 2005 esa i;kZoj.k lrrrklwpdkad esa fLoV~tjyS.M dk lkroka LFkku gS vkSj i;kZoj.kh; 'kklu esa bldk1-39 vad gSA ;g LFkkfir vkSipkfjd MCY;wbZbZbZ@bZ&vif'k"V izca/ku iz.kkyh okyk166;wjksik izsl foKfIr ^dfe'ku ,MkWIV~l dE;qfuds'ku vkWu fizdkW'kujh fizalhiy* czqlsYl2 Qjojh] 2000167ogh lañ 162 i`ñ 4390


fo'o dk ,slk izFke ns'k gS( tgka bZ&vif'k"V izca/ku laca/kh fofu;e dks 1998 esa'kq: fd;k x;k FkkA ;g mRikndksa dk c`gÙkj mÙkjnkf;Ro ¼bZihvkj½ ds fl)kUrij vk/kkfjr gSAHkkjr fo'o dk lokZf/kd rhoz xfr ls o`f) djus okyh vFkZO;oLFkk gS] tgkanSfud mi;ksx dh oLrqvksa dh igqap fodflr ns'kksa dh rqyuk esa cgqr de gSAijUrq foxr n'kd ls bldh ekax esa vizR;kf'kr o`f) eglwl dh xbZ gSA o"kZ2005 ds i;kZoj.k lrrrk lwpdkad ij bldk LFkku 101oka gS rFkk i;kZoj.kvfè'kklu ds fy, bls 0-10 vad ¼66oka LFkku½ fn;k x;k gSA bZ&vif'k"Vvkaf'kd :i ls fo|eku i;kZoj.k fofu;euksa ds varxZr vkrk gS] ysfdu ;s ns'k esamRikfnr bZ&vif'k"V ds izca/ku rFkk gFkkyu dks fufnZ"V ugaha djrs gSaAfLoV~tjyS.M esa] MCY;wbZbZbZ@bZ&vif'k"V O;kikj ds izR;sd pj.k vFkok Øe esafu;a=.k dk mica/k gSA Hkkjr esa] ,slk fu;a=.k fcYdqy gS gh ugha] ;|fi fo|ekui;kZoj.k fofu;eu bZbZbZ ¼oS|qr rFkk bysDVªkWfud midj.k½ fofuekZrkvksa rFkkvk;krdksa ds pj.k rd bZ&vif'k"V ij vkaf'kd fu;a=.k j[krs gSaA ;g varji;kZoj.k vf/k'kklu ds fuEu vad ds :i esa >ydrk gSA ;g bl ckr dks Hkhn'kkZrk gS fd vlaxfBr {ks= esa bZ&vif'k"V dk iqupZØ.k vfu;fer rjhds lsfd;k tkrk gS ftlls i;kZoj.k esa vfu;af=r mRltZu gksrk gSA lkFk gh] ;gbZ&vif'k"V O;kikj dks ,d fHkUu lkekftd&vkfFkZd rFkk O;olk;tfur LokLF;vkSj laj{kk vknku&iznku djrk gSA 1683-3-5 phu rFkk la;qDr jkT; vejhdk esa bZ&vif'k"V izca/ku laca/kh ljdkjhfofu;e3-3-5-1 vejhdh uhfr vkSj dkuwuvejhdh ljdkj rFkk vejhdh fofuekZrkvksa us ;g nkok fd;k gS fd ;wjksih;la?k ds i;kZoj.k vkSj LokLF; laca/kh lqj{kk izko/kkuksa ls O;kikj ij vuko';dck/kk,a mRiUu gksrh gaSA fo'ks"kdj ,slk dfri; lkefxz;ksa ij izfrca/k] mi;ksfxrkvof/k iwjh dj pqds midj.kksa dks okfil fy, tkus dh cks> Hkjh vko';drkvksarFkk visf{kr fMtk;u ds dkj.k gksrh gSaA 169la;qDr jkT; ¼vejhdk½ i;kZoj.k laj{k.k ,tsUlh ¼bZih,½ us o"kZ 2005 esa168ogh i`ñ 43&44169ogh lañ 165 i`ñ 4391


,d gfjr jk"Vªh; bysDVªkWfuDl dk;Z ;kstuk ¼,ubZ,ih½ 170 dh 'kq#vkr bysDVªkWfudmRiknksa ds iwjs thou pØ ftlesa midj.kksa ds fMtkbZu] ifjpkyu iqu%iz;ksx]iqupZØ.k rFkk fuiVku 'kkfey gSa] ls mitus okyh i;kZoj.k laca/kh fparkvksa dslek/kku ds mís'; ls dhA ;wjksih; funsZ'kksa ls fHkUu] jk"Vªh; bysDVªkWfuDl dk;Z;kstuk ¼,ubZ,ih½ eq[;r;k% dEI;wVjksa] Vsyhfotu rFkk lsyQksu ij /;ku nsrhgSA foLrkfjr mRiknd mÙkjnkf;Ro ¼bZihvkj½ ds fl)kUr ij cy nsus ds ctk;]vejhdh ^bZih,* mRiknksa dk mÙkjnkf;Ro fudk;ksa ds ,d c`gn lewg ftlesafofuekZrk] [kqnjk foØsrk] miHkksDrk rFkk bldk fuiVku djus okys 'kkfey gSa] ijtksj Mkyrk gSA vejhdk bZ&vif'k"V esaa deh ykus laca/kh dbZ igyksa rFkkdk;ZØeksa ls tqM+k gSA mnkgj.k ds fy,] vejhdk] dukMk rFkk eSfDldks mÙkjvejhdh iznw"k.k fuokj.k lk>snkjh ¼,u,ihihoh½ ds lnL; gaS( ftldk /;kumÙkjh vejhdk esa LoPN bysDVªkWfudh ij dsfUnzr gSaArFkkfi] vejhdh ljdkj us vHkh Hkh csly vfHkle; rFkk cSu la'kks/ku dkvuqleFkZu ugha fd;k gSA bZ&vif'k"V ds mRiknu] fuiVku rFkk fu;kZr ijizfrca/k yxkus ;k mlds fofu;eu gsrq dksbZ la?kh; fo/kku vfLrRo esa ugha gSAvejhdk esa dSfyQksfuZ;k] eSlkP;qlsV~l] eso rFkk feukslksVk tSls dbZ jkT;ksa us ,slhigy dh gSa] ftlls bZ&vif'k"V ds fMtkbZu] fofuekZ.k] iqu%iz;ksx] iqu%izkfIrrFkk fuiVku ds laca/k esa l[r rFkk izHkkoh fofu;eu ykxw gq, gSaA dSfyQksfuZ;k usbysDVªkWfuDl osLV fjlkbfDayx ,DV] 2003 ykxw fd;k gS] ftls bZ&vif'k"V dsfofu;eu rFkk izca/ku dh n`f"V ls ,d ,sfrgkfld fo/kku ekuk tkrk gSA 171dSfyQksfuZ;k esa bysDVªkWfuDl vif'k"V u gh fdlh dpjk HkjkbZ LFky esa Mkyk tkldrk gS vkSj u gh bls ckgj fu;kZr fd;k tk ldrk gSA ;wjksih; la?k dsfofu;euksa ls fHkUu] dSfyQksfuZ;kbZ dkuwu bZ&vif'k"V ds iqupZØ.k dk foÙkh;cks> miHkksDrk ij Mkyus dh iz.kkyh LFkkfir djrk gSA bl fofu;eu dk lclsmYys[kuh; mica/k bysDVªkWfuDl vif'k"V iqupZØ.k 'kqYd dk gS] tks dfri;mRiknksa ds fcØh LFky ij gh olwyk tkrk gSA ;g 'kqYd Ng ls nl MkWyj rd gSA172vf/kfu;e esa bl 'kqYd dks [kqnjk foØsrkvksa }kjk cksMZ vkWQ bZDoykW;ts'ku170;g ,d lalk/ku laj{k.k pqukSrh ¼vkjlhlh½ 2005 dk;Z ;kstuk gS rFkk vkjlhlh ds fy, i;kZoj.klaj{k.k ,tsUlh }kjk fpfUgr us'kuy izk;jVh ,fj;k ¼xzhu buhf'k;sfVo&bysDVªkfud½ esa ls ,d gS]vfrfjDr v/;;u gsrq 171,eñ ihñ jke eksgu] bfr xxZ vkSj xk;=h dqekj] ^jsX;wys¯Vx bZ&osLV% , fjO;w vkWQ n baVjus'kuy ,aMus'kuy yhxy Qsz eodZ vkWu bZ&osLV* bu jkds'k tkSgjh bZ&osLV] bEifyds'kUl] jsX;wys'kUl ,aM eSustesaVbu bafM;k ,aM djsUV Xykscy osLV izSfDVlsl] Vsjh] U;w nsgyh] 2008 i`"B 178172fodhihfM;k] ^bysDVªkWfuDl osLV bu n ;wukbVsM LVsV~l] ‘ ykLVeksfMQkbM%16 vDVwcj] 201092


¼chñvksñbZñ½ dks Hkqxrku fd, tkus dk mica/k fd;k x;k gSA ;g 'kqYd iz.kkyh 1tuojh] 2005 ls izHkkoh gks xbZ gSA blds vfrfjDr dkuwu esa vgZrk&izkIrfudk;ksa dks iqu%izkfIr rFkk iqupZØ.k Hkqxrkuksa ds leqfpr rFkk fu"i{k forj.k dkizko/kku gS] ftlesaas bysDVªkWfuDl vif'k"V laxzg.k rFkk iqupZØ.k dh ykxr'kkfey gSA ;g dfri; bysDVªkWfuDl midj.kksa ds jkT; ,tsUlh [kjhn iji;kZoj.k vuqdwy izkFkfedrk izkIr izki.k ekud dh flQkfj'k djrk gSAdSfyQksfuZ;k baVhxzsVsM osLV eSustesaV cksMZ ¼lhñvkbZñMCY;wñ,eñchñ½ rFkk fMikVZesUVvkWQ VkfDld lClVsalst dUVªksy ¼MhñVhñ,lñlhñ½ us vf/kfu;e dks cgq izHkkohrjhds ls ykxw djus ds fy, dbZ fofu;eu viuk, gSaA 173 dksyksjkMksfo/kku esa vis{kk dh xbZ gS fd f'k{kk dk;ZØeksa esa bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V leL;klek/kku dk mYys[k gksA tuojh 2009 ls ok¯'kxVu jkT; esa ykxw gq, dkuwuiqupZØ.k gsrq bysDVªkWfud mRikn fofuekZrkvksa }kjk Hkqxrku] rFkk laxzg.k dsUnzksa ds,d jkT; O;kih ra= dh LFkkiuk dh vis{kk djrk gSA ^bZ&lkbdy* ^ok¯'kxVu*uked bl dk;ZØe dk izca/ku ikfjfLFkfrdh foHkkx rFkk ok¯'kxVu eSVsfj;Yl,aM QkbusfUlx vFkkWfjVh ds gkFkksa esa gSA o"kZ 2008 rd l=g jkT;ksa esa fdlh ufdlh :i esa mRiknd mÙkjnkf;Ro dkuwu vfLrRo esa FkkA dqy feykdj] vejhdkesa 35 jkT;ksa esa bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V laca/kh iqupZØ.k dkuwu gSa vFkok mu ijfopkj fd;k tk jgk gSA 1743-3-5-2 phu esa cuk, x, dkuwuphu esa bZ&vif'k"V us xaHkhj i;kZoj.kh; eqn~ns ds :i esa lewps fo'o dk /;kuviuh rjQ vkd`"V fd;k gSA xqokaxMkax izkar fLFkr xh;w uked txg lalkj dklcls cM+k bZ&vif'k"V LFky gSA phu ds dkuwu cqfu;knh rkSj ls bZ&vif'k"V dsvk;kr dks gVkus ls lacaf/kr gSA phu us csly le>kSrs ds lkFk csly cSulalks/ku dh vfHkiqf"V dh gS] ftlesa bZ&vif'k"V ds vk;kr dks vkf/kdkfjdizfrcaf/kr fd;k x;k gSA vDVwcj 2008 esa] phu ds LVsV dkmafly us bysDVªkWfuDlds iqupZØ.k rFkk bldh mi;ksx vof/k iwjs gks tkus ds i'pkr~ fd, tkus okyslalk/ku dh fuxjkuh ds ek/;e ls lalk/kuksa ds lrr~ mi;ksx dks c


vuqeksfnr fd;k FkkA u, fofu;e ds vUrxZr miHkksDrk dks bysDVªkWfud mRiknksads iqupZØ.k dh vko';drk gksrh gSA blesa fofuekZ.k izfØ;k esa gVk fn, x,vuko';d inkFkks± ds iqupZØ.k dh Hkh vko';drk gksrh gSA 175phu esa gkfudkjd inkFkks± ij izfrca/k ¼vkj vks ,p ,l½ ftls vkf/kdkfjd :i ls ^bysDVªkWfuDl lwpuk mRiknksa ds dkj.k gksus okys iznw"k.k dsfu;a=.k ds fy, iz'kklfud mik; ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gS dk dqN inkFkks±ftlesa lhlk Hkh 'kkfey gS] ds fu;a=.k ds laca/k eas phu ljdkj dk fofu;egSA bls tuoknh x.kjkT; phu ds lkr ljdkjh foHkkxksa vkSj iz'kkldksa }kjkQjojh 2006 esa la;qDr :i ls tkjh fd;k x;k vkSj ;g 1 ekpZ] 2006 lsizHkkoh gqvk FkkA 176iz'kklfud mik; dh /kkjk 1 ds vuqlkj bls ifjR;Dr bysDVªkWfud lwpukmRiknksa ls tfur i;kZoj.k iznw"k.k dks fu;af=r vkSj de djus] de iznw"k.k QSykusokys bysDVªkWfud lwpuk mRiknksa ds fofuekZ.k vkSj fcØh dks c


iz;ksx vof/k ¼bZ ,Q ;w ih½ eku o"kZ esa fn;s gksrs g®A i;kZoj.k fgrS"kh iz;ksxvof/k og le;kof/k gS ftlls igys dksbZ izfrcaf/kr gkfudkjd inkFkZ ds fjlusdh laHkkouk curh gks] ftlesa LokLF; vkSj i;kZoj.k dh gkfu gksus dh laHkkoukgksA 178orZeku esa gkfudkjd inkFkZ ij izfrca/k laca/kh phu ds funs'k ¼v/;k; 1 dsvuqPNsn 3½ ds }kjk lhlk] ikjk] dSMfe;e] gsDlkoSysaV Øksfe;e] iksfyczksfeusVsMckbfQukbYl] iksfyczksfeusVsM MkbZfQukbl bFklZ uked 6 inkFkks± ds lkFk jkT;}kjk fuf'pr fd, x, vU; fo"kkDr ;k gkfudkjd inkFkZ ;k rRo i;kZoj.k dhn`f"V ls gkfudkjd le>s tkrs g®A 179 gkaxdkax ds vif'k"V fuiVku v/;kns'k dsrgr cSVfj;ksa vkSj dSFkksM jst+ ds vk;kr ij izfrca/k gSA orZeku esa] gkaxdkax dsiÙkuksa esa vU; bySDVªkWfud mRiknksa ds izos'k ij jksd ds fy, dksbZ dkuwu ugha gSA178ogh lañ 175179ogh lañ 17795


4fu"d"kZ4-1 bZ&vif'k"V i;kZoj.k vkSj tu LokLF; ds fy, [krjklHkh rjg ds vif'k"V] gkfudkjd vkS|ksfxd vif'k"V] 'kgjh Bksl vif'k"VvkSj bZ&vif'k"V dk Hkkjr esa u flQZ vk;kr fd;k tkrk gSA cfYd ;gka mudkmRiknu Hkh gksrk gSA fiNys dbZ o"kks± ds nkSjku mRikfnr vif'k"V dh ek=k lsi;kZoj.k vkSj lkoZtfud LokLF; ds fy, xaHkhj ladV mRiUu gqvk gSA dsUnzh;iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ }kjk 88 xaHkhj :i ls iznwf"kr vkS|ksfxd {ks=ksa dk p;u fd;kx;k gSA ,sls {ks=ksa ls iznw"k.kdkjh rRo fudydj ty lzksrksa] ufn;ksa vkSj ;gka rdfd dbZ txgksa ij Hkw&ty dks Hkh lanwf"kr dj nsrs g®A v/;;uksa ls ;g Hkh irkpyk gS fd vkS|ksfxd dpjs ls Qlysa Hkh lanwf"kr gks tkrh g® ysfdu buds izHkkodk vHkh v/;;u fd;k tkuk ckdh gSA 180tgka rd bZ&vif'k"V dk iz'u gS] ;g fo'o ds lcls rsth ls c


fofuekZ.kdÙkkZ izR;sd o"kZ yxHkx 1050 Vu bysDVªkWfud dpjk iSnk dj jgs g®A,slk vuqeku gS fd Hkkjr izR;sd o"kZ 3-8 yk[k Vu bZ&vif'k"V iSnk dj jgk gSAbZ&vif'k"V vc dqy yS.MfQy dk 70 izfr'kr ls vf/kd gSAtc Hkkjr tSls fodkl'khy ns'k bZ&vif'k"V dh lhekikj ls vkoktkgh ijl[r vkSj dBksj dkuwu dk f'kdatk dlus yxsaxss rks fodflr ns'kksa ds fy, fu;kZrds ek/;e ls iqupZØ.k vkSj fuLrkj.k ds eqís ls cpuk eqf'dy gksxkA ysfduekpZ 2010 esa ^^,Uok;juesaVy lkbal ,.M VsDuksykWth** uked if=dk esa ys[kd,fjd fofy;El] tksfd ,fjtksuk LVsV ;wfuoflZVh esa lgk;d izksQslj g®] us fy[kkgS ^^O;kikj ij izfrca/k bZ&vif'k"V dh leL;k ds lek/kku gsrq vizklafxd gkstk,axs**] ds rdZ nsrs g® fd fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa iqjkus vkSj fe;kn chr pqdsbysDVªkWfuDl ds fu;kZr ij iw.kZ izfrca/k leL;k dk lek/kku djus esa vlQyjgsxk D;ksafd 2017 rd Lo;a fodkl'khy ns'k fodflr ns'kksa ls vf/kd iqjkukvkSj fe;kn chr pqdk bysDVªkWfuDl mRiUu djsaxsA blds vykok 2025 rdfodkl'khy ns'k fodflr ns'kksa ls vkus okys bysDVªkfuDl dckM+ dh rqyuk esanqxquk bysDVªkWfuDl dckM+ mRiUu djsaxsA 182Hkfo"; ds ifjn`'; dks ns[krs gq, ;g vko';d gS fd tgka ,d rjQ i;kZIrlalk/kuksa vkSj iks"k.kh; iqupZØ.k rduhdksa ds lkFk lqO;ofLFkr rjhds ls vif'k"Vdk lqjf{kr izca/ku fd;k tk, ogha nwljh vksj bl gsrq izHkkodkjh dkuwu vkSjfuxjkuh ra= gksus pkfg,A fnYyh esa ek;kiqjh fofdj.k yhd ?kVuk ds ifj.kkeLo:iljdkj us mu lHkh vLirkyksa] fpfdRlk dsUnzksa] uSnkfud dsUnzksa vkSj fpfdRlkiz;ksx'kkykvksa tks fofdj.k midj.kksa vkSj miHkksT;ksa dk iz;ksx djrs gSa dks ;gfunsZ'k vkSj lykg tkjh dh Fkh fd mudk fuiVku ijek.kq ÅtkZ ¼jsfM;ks/kehZvif'k"V dk lqjf{kr fuiVku½ fu;e] 1987 vkSj ijek.kq ÅtkZ ¼fofdj.k lqj{kk½fu;e] 2004 ds varxZr ijek.kq ÅtkZ fofu;ked cksMZ ¼, bZ vkj ch½ dsfunsZ'kkuqlkj gksA foMacuk ;g gS fd , bZ vkj ch ds funsZ'k ds varxZr fpfdRldh;izHkko] laHkkO; izHkko] O;fDrxr fuxjkuh] xq.koÙkk fu;a=.k vkSj ;gka rd fdfofdj.k dk;ZdÙkkZvksa vkSj fjfM;ksyksftdy lqj{kk vf/kdkfj;ksa dh fu;qfDr ds182baLVhV~;wV vkWQ LØSi fjlkbfDyax baMLVªht bad ¼vkbZ,lvkjvkbZ½] bySDVªkWfuDl fjlkbfDyax]97


laca/k esa foLr`r fn'kkfunsZ'k ekStwn gSaA ;g ?kVuk bl ckr dks mtkxj djrh gS fd,d Li"V vkink u;kpkj vkSj izHkkodkjh fofu;eu vkSj fuxjkuh ra= dks ykxwdjus dh vko';drk gS rkfd ;g lqfuf'pr fd;k tk lds fd fu;eksa dk ikyugks jgk gSA 183 bl gsrq bl ckr dh Hkh t:jr gS fd fofu;ked volajpukdk;ZdÙkkZvksa vkSj lkeqnkf;d vf/kdkjksa dh j{kk dk izko/kku djsA ukxfjdksa dksi;kZIr vf/kdkj gksus pkfg, rkfd os vius LokLF;] i;kZoj.k vkSj laifÙk dks gqbZ{kfr ds fy, dkuwu dk lgkjk ys ldsaA4-2- Hkkjr esa dM+s LokLF; lqj{kksik;ksa vkSj i;kZoj.k laj{k.k dkuwuksa dh vko';drki;kZoj.k dk;ZdÙkkZvksa dk ;g fopkj gS fd Hkkjr esa i;kZoj.k laj{k.k dkuwubrus dBksj ugha gaS fd os ?kjsyw vif'k"V vFkok bZ&vif'k"V lesr [krjukdvif'k"V ds vk;kr ds eqn~nksa dk lek/kku dj ldsaA gekjs ikl vk;kfrr oLrqvksaesa vif'k"V dh ek=k ,oa izdkj dk irk yxkus ds fy, dksbZ mi;qDr rduhdugha gSA mnkgj.kkFkZ ,slk crk;k x;k gS fd fo"kSys vif'k"V inkFkZ ds vk;kr dhleL;k dk lek/kku Bhd&Bhd rjhds ls ugha gks ldrk D;ksafd Ugkok'ksok fLFkrtokgjyky usg: iÙku dks NksM+dj fdlh Hkh Hkkjrh; iÙku ij LdSuj dhlqfo/kk ugha gS ftlls fd Hksts x, eky esa okLro esa D;k Hkstk x;k gS bldk irkpy ldsA 184 ,slh vk'kk gS fd izLrkfor bZ&vif'k"V ¼izca/ku ,oa lEHkykbZ½fu;e] 2010 esa bZ&vif'k"V ds laca/k esa lqLi"V dkuwu gksaxs vkSj ;g bZ&vif'k"ViqupZØ.k {ks= ds fofHkUu igyqvksa dks lqO;ofLFkr djsxkAljdkj us bysDVªkfud vkSj bysfDVªdy vif'k"V ds izca/ku vkSj laHkykbZ dks'kkflr djus gsrq r;'kqnk fu;eksa dks fodflr djus dh izfØ;k esa fofHkUuxSj&ljdkjh laxBuksa ¼,uñ thñ vksñ½ ls ijke'kZ fd;k gSA flrEcj] 2009 esaeSU;qQSDpjlZ ,lksfl,'ku QkWj baQksjes'ku VsDuksykWth ¼,eñ ,ñ vkbZñ Vhñ½] Mks'kxts'kZQ Qj Vs'kfu'ks lqRlseusufQV ¼thñ Vhñ ,ñ½] xzhuihl vkSj VkWfDlDl fyad}kjk la;qDr :i ls bZ&vif'k"V izca/ku ds laca/k esa MªkV fu;e dk izLrko fn;kx;k vkSj mls izLrqr fd;k x;kA 185 ;g vko';d gS fd dkuwu esa mRiknd lsysdj miHkksDrk vkSj iqupZØ.kdrkZ rd lHkh dh vif'k"V izca/ku esa ftEesnkjh183^^U;w jsfM;ks,fDVo osLV fMLiksty :Yl b';wM** fn fgUnw] 4 ebZ] 2010184^^bt bafM;k , Xykscy Vªs'k dSu\** jkèk osadVs'ku] VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k] 24 vizSy] 2010185^^:Yl vkWu bZ osLV eSustesaV ckbZ ekpZ]** fn fgUnw ] 20 fnlEcj 200998


Li"V gksA blds vykok fdlh Hkh dkuwu ds izHkkoh gksus gsrq ;g vko';d gS fdizR;sd dk;Z gsrq ra= dk Li"V izko/kku gksAns'k esa bZ&vif'k"V ds izHkkoh izca/ku ,oa fuiVku gsrq dk;Z uhfr;ksa dk izLrkofd;k x;k gS vkSj muesa ls dbZ igys ls gh izorZu esa gSa vFkok ;wjksih; la?k¼bZ;w½ ns'kksa vkSj vU; fodflr ns'kksa tSls ;wñ ,lñ vkSj tkiku esa mu ij fopkjfd;k tk jgk gSAbZ&vif'k"V ds mRiUu gksus esa rhoz xfr ls o`f) dks ns[krs gq, i;kZoj.k vkSjou ea=ky; us i;kZoj.k ¼laj{k.k½ vf/kfu;e] 1986 ds varxZr bZ&vif'k"V dslaca/k esa vyx ls fu;e vf/klwfpr djus dk izLrko fd;k gSA i;kZoj.k vkSj ouea=ky; }kjk miyC/k djk, x, izLrkfor fu;eksa dh eq[; fo'ks"krk,a la{ksi esafuEukuqlkj gSa% 186¼i½ izLrkfor fu;eksa esa ,DlVsaMsM izksM~;wlj jsLiksaflfcfyVh ¼bZ ih ,½ dhvo/kkj.kk dk mica/k fd;k x;k gSA¼ii½ fu;eksa esa mRikndksa dh ftEesnkjh dks mRikn ds thou pØ ls vkxsc


inkFkZ gsrq bZ ;w vkj vks ,p ,p fn'kkfunsZ'k esa fofu/kkZfjr izkjafHkdlhek] tksfd oSf'od :i ls Lohd`r ekun.M gS] dks viuk;k x;k gSA¼v½ fu;eksa esa bZ&vif'k"V ds laxzg vFkok Hkatu vFkok iqupZØ.k esa layXuO;fDr;ksa@,tsafl;ksa dks lacaf/kr jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ vFkok iznw"k.kfu;a=.k lfefr }kjk izkf/kdkj iznku djus vkSj iath;u gsrq Hkh izko/kkufd, x, gSa] c'krsZ fd vkosnd ds izfr bZ&vif'k"V ds lqjf{kr fuiVkugsrq mfpr lqfo/kk miyC/k gksA ;g bZ&vif'k"V dk i;kZoj.kh; :i lsiq[rk izca/ku lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, gSA¼vi½ O;fDr;ksa@la;qDr :i ls vFkok ,tsafl;ksa }kjk pyk;s tk jgs laxzg dsUnzksadks lacaf/kr jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMks±@lfefr;ksa ls izkf/kdkj ysuk gksxkvkSj rRi'pkr~ laxzfgr bZ&vif'k"V dk C;kSjk nsrs gq, mudh okf"kZdfooj.kh Hkjuh gksxhA Hkatu djus okyksa vkSj iqupZØ.k djus okyksa dkslacaf/kr jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ls izkf/kdkj izkIr djuk gksxk vkSjjftLVªs'ku djkuk gksxk vkSj muds }kjk fuiVk, x, bZ&vif'k"V dslaca/k esa okf"kZd fooj.kh Hkjuh gksxhA4-2-1 mRikndksa dk o`gÙkj mRrjnkf;Ro ¼bZ ih vkj½mRikndksa dk o`grj mÙkjnkf;Ro ¼bZ ih vkj½ tks izk:i bZ&vif'k"V fu;e dsorZeku


fd bZ ih vkj dks ykxw djuk eqf'dy gksxkA Hkkjr tSls ns'k esa bldhO;ogk;Zrk dh lko/kkuhiwoZd tkap dh tkuh tkjh gS fd tgka fdlh bysDVªkWfudmRikn] ftls ,d ls vf/kd miHkksDrkvksa }kjk dqN le; rd mi;ksx ds ckndbZ ckj csp fn;k x;k gks] dk irk yxkuk eqf'dy gksxkA mnkgj.k ds fy,Hkkjr esa ,d mRikn ds fy, ;g irk yxkuk eqf'dy gksxk fd ftl bysfDVªdyvkSj bysDVªkWfud lkeku dks mlus ns'k ds nf{k.kh Hkkx ds ,d xzkgd dks cspfn;k gks vkSj ml xzkgd us ml lkeku dks nwljs lqnwj {ks= esa jgus okys fdlhO;fDr dks csp fn;k gks] og fQygky dgka gS ;gka rd fd lw{e] y?kq vkSje/;e m|e ea=ky; us Hkh ;g fVIi.kh dh fd bysfDVªdy vkSj bysDVªkWfudmRiknksa dh mi;ksx dh fe;kn dh lekfIr ij mRiUu bZ&vif'k"V dks tekdjuk mRiknksa ds fy, O;kogkfjd :i ls laHko ugha gSA D;ksafd miHkksDrk ns'kds fofHkUu fgLlksa esa gks ldrs gSa ftlds ckjs esa mRikndksa dks tkudkjh ugha gksldrh gSA 187bl laca/k esa ;g lq>ko fn;k x;k gS fd yxHkx lHkh cM+s bysDVªkWfud czkaM~lds iwjs ns'k esa lsok dsUnz gksa vkSj budk mi;ksx laxzg dsUnz ds :i esa fd;k tkldrk gSA ,d xzkgd dks bysDVªkWfud oLrq dks iqupZØ.k gsrq nsus ds fy, mlsfeyus okyk izksRlkgu] bldh lQyrk dk ea= gksxkA blds vykok] mUgkssaus dgkfd dbZ Hkatd vkil esa laxfBr gks jgs gSa vkSj vDlj mUgksaus cgqewY; /kkrq gsrqlaxfBr iqupZØ.kdÙkkZvksa ls le>kSrs djus dk iz;kl fd;k gSA ysfdu vc rd,slk dksbZ le>kSrk ugha gks ik;k gS D;ksafd laxfBr iqupZØ.kdÙkkZ bZ&vif'k"V rdvklku igqap gsrq vk;kr ykblsal ds laca/k esa vuqeksnu dh izrh{kk dj jgs gSaA 188187Hkkjr ljdkj] lw{e] y?kq vkSj e/;e m|e ea=ky;] Qkby lañ vkj ,l@bZ&osLV@2010@bZ ,.M Vh vkj fnukad 24-02-2011 gSA jkT; lHkk lfpoky; ds vuqlaèku ,dd }kjk^^Hkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"V** ij izk:i cSdxzkm.Mj ds lacaè esa fVIi.kh vkSj ijke'kZ188jkT; lHkk lfpoky; ds vuqlaèku ,dd }kjk rS;kj ^^Hkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"V** 'kh"kZdMªkV cSdxzkm.Mj ds lacaè esa fnukad 17 Qjojh] 2011 dks bZ&esy }kjk lqJh lquhrkukjk;.k] funs'kd] lsaVj QkWj lkbal ,.M ,Uok;juesaV ds }kjk dh xbZ fVIi.kh vkSj lq>ko101


mijksDr of.kZr lq>koksa ds ckctwn] bysDVªkWfuDl m|ksx ds lokZf/kd fo"kSys,oa iznw"k.k mRiUu djus okys [k.M uker% fofuekZ.k vkSj fuLrkj.k esa lsvf/kdrj fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa pys x, gSaA blfy, ;g lqfuf'pr djus dhvko';drk gS fd mRiknd dh ftEesnkjh vkSj okil ysus ds dk;ZØe dkmi;ksx vif'k"V dh lhek&ikj vkoktkgh dks mfpr Bgjkus ds fy, u fd;ktk,A [krjukd vif'k"V fu;e] 2008 ds vuqlkj fuLrkj.k gsrq ,sls vif'k"V dsns'k esa vk;kr dh vuqefr ugha gSA O;kikfj;ksa ds }kjk Hkh bZ&vif'k"V ds vk;krdh vuqefr ugha gSA blds vykok ns'k esa bZ&vif'k"V ds vk;kr dh vuqefri;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; dh vuqefr vkSj fons'k O;kikj egkfuns'kky; ¼Mh th,Q Vh½ }kjk tkjh ykbZlsal ds ek/;e ls okLrfod mi;ksxdÙkkZvksa dks dsoymlds iqu%mi;ksx vkSj iqupZØ.k vFkok iquizZlaLdj.k ds fy, gh gSAizk:i bZ&vif'k"V fu;e lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh vkSj nwjlapkj midj.k rFkk miHkksDrkbysfDVªdy vkSj bysDVªkfuDl lkekuksa ;Fkk Vsyhfotu lsV ¼,y lh Mh vkSj ,ybZ Mh lfgr½] jsfQz tjsVj] okf'kax e'khu] ,;j daMh'kuj ij ykxw gksrs gSaA mijksDrmRiknksa ij bZ ih vkj ds fØ;kUo;u ls izkIr vuqHko ds vk/kkj ij bZ&vif'k"Vdh vU; Jsf.k;ksa dks blesa 'kkfey fd;s tkus gsrq fu;eksa dh leh{kk dh tk,xhAizk:i bZ&vif'k"V fu;e ds vuqlkj ^vkWQZu* mRiknksa ¼vlkekU; jksx ds laHkkO;mipkj gsrq fodflr mRikn½ ls mRiUu bZ&vif'k"V dks ,df=r djus dhftEesnkjh uxjikfydk vf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk yh tkus dh vis{kk dh tkrh gSA 1894-2-2 ykblsal ds varxZr bZ&vif'k"V dk vk;krVkWfDlDl fyad ds vuqlkj] bZ&vif'k"V ds vk;kr dh vuqefr ugha nh tkuhpkfg,] D;ksafd bl le; gekjs ikl ns'k esa mRiUu bZ&vif'k"V ls fuiVus ds fy,Hkh volajpukRed lqfo/kk,a miyC/k ugha gSaA blls ns'k xaHkhj LokLF; vkSji;kZoj.k laca/kh [krjksa okyk dsoy ,d oSf'od dwM+k?kj cudj jg tk,xkA 190189jkT; lHkk lfpoky; ds vuqlaèku ,dd }kjk ^^Hkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"V** 'kh"kZd okysMªkV cSdxzkm.Mj ij i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk nh xbZ fVIi.kh vkSjlq>koA dkñKkñlañ&23&4@2011&,l,l,eMh] fnukad 19 vizSy] 20111905 vizSy] 2011 dks fy[ks x, ,d i= esa ^Hkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"V*] izk:i i= dh leh{kkdjrs gq, VkWfDlDl fyad ds lrh'k flUgk dh fVIi.kh102


fQj Hkh] vU; yskx gSa tks iqjkus bysfDVªdy rFkk bysDVªkWfud miLdjksa dk ns'k esavk;kr dks jksdus ds fy, i;kZIr lqj{kksik;ksa dh ekax djrs gSa vkSj ;g lqfuf'prdjuk pkgrs gSa fd bZ&vif'k"V vk;kr djus okyh ykblsal/kkjh daifu;ksa }kjkvk;kfrr vif'k"V lkexzh dk iqu%izlaLdj.k fd;k tk, vkSj mUgsa iqu% oSls ghugha cspk tk,Aokf.kT; ea=ky; dh vk;kr&fu;kZr uhfr ¼izfØ;k iqfLrdk [k.M 12009&14½ ds vuqlkj] futh dEI;wVlZ@ysiVkWi vkSj ejEer@nq#Lr fd, gq,vfrfjDr iqtks± lfgr iqjkus dEI;wVjksa dk vk;kr izfrcfU/kr gSA rFkkfi] dfri;Js.kh ds nkudrkZvksa dks futh dEI;wVj @ysiVkWi rFkk dEI;wVj laca/kh midj.kksa;Fkk fizaVlZ] IykWVlZ] Ldsuj] ekWfuVj] dh&cksMZ rFkk HkaMkj.k bdkb;ksa lfgr iqjkusdEI;wVjksa dk nku ds :i esa vk;kr djus dh igys vuqefr nh xbZ FkhA fons'kO;kikj egkfuns'kky; ¼Mhth,QVh½ us 13-5-2010 dks ,d lkoZtfud lwpukizdkf'kr dh] ftlds rgr bl izko/kku dks gVk fn;k x;kA 191[krjukd vif'k"V fu;e] 2008 ds vuqlkj] bZ&vif'k"V iqupZØ.k esa yxhbdkb;ksa dks lacaf/kr jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ls vuqeksnu rFkk iathdj.kizkIr djuk gksrk gSA dsUnz @lHkh jkT; ljdkjksa dks ;g funsZ'k tkjh fd;s tk pqdsgSa fd muds ifjljksa esa mRiUu bZ&vif'k"V dks os izkf/kd`r rFkk iathd`rjhlkbDylZ dks lkSaisA 1924-2-3 mRiknd&turk&ljdkj lg;ksxcsly vfHkle; us [krjukd vif'k"Vksa dks lzksr ds Lrj ij de djus vkSjmuds iqupZØ.k rFkk iqu%iz;ksx dks c


djus gsrq MCY;wbZbZbZ@bZ&vif'k"V ij nks fu;e iqfLrdk,a rS;kj dh gSaA xzhuihl dsvfHk"ksd izrki flag ds vuqlkj] bZ&vif'k"V ds laxzg.k ds dk;Z esa LFkkuh;fudk;ksa rFkk lkeqnkf;d laxBuksa dks 'kkfey djuk mruk gh egRoiw.kZ gS ftrukfof'k"V y{;ksa dk leUo; rFkk 'kkfey fd;k tkuk gSA vkSipkfjd iqupZØ.kvHkh ,d mHkjrs m|ksx dh rjg fodflr gks jgk gSA vf[ky Hkkjrh; bZ&vif'k"ViqupZØ.k la?k ds v/;{k Jh jke jkepUnzu us dgk gS fd ;g vko';d gksxk fdlaxzg.k vkSj i`FkDdj.k dk dk;Z lko/kkuhiwoZd fd;k tk,] D;ksafd] dHkh&dHkhiqupZØ.k ds ckn izkIr lkexzh ds ewY; ls ifjogu ykxr Hkh izkIr ugha dh tkldrh gSA Hkkjr esa mi;qDr bZ&vif'k"V iqupZØ.k lqfo/kkvksa dh LFkkiuk gsrq iawthfuos'k vHkh Hkh i;kZIr ugha gS ftlds dkj.k vf/kdka'kr% iqupZØ.k ifj;kstuk,aijh{k.k pj.k esa gSaA blfy,] ;fn iqupZØ.k {ks= dks laxfBr fd;k tkrk gS rksy?kq rFkk e/;e miØe vPNs jktLo dk miktZu dj ldrs gSa vkSj ljdkj dksvius iqupZØ.k laca/kh y{;ksa dks izkIr djus esa Hkh enn dj ldrs gSaA y?kq rFkke/;e m|e iqupZØ.k&;ksX; vif'k"Vksa dh NaVkbZ gsrq ra= Hkh fodflr dj ldrsgS vkSj ;g lqfuf'pr dj ldrs gS fd ,sls vif'k"V izklafxd i{kksa ds ikl igqaptk, vkSj mudks Hkjko&LFkyksa vFkok voS/k vif'k"V LFkyksa ij Qsad u fn;k tk,A 194dsUnzh; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ dh lwpuk ds vuqlkj] 23 iathd`r bZ&vif'k"ViqupZØ.k bdkb;ka izpkyu esa gSa] ftudh {kerk yxHkx 90]000 ehfVªd Vu izfro"kZ gSA i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky; ^^[krjukd rRoksa ds izca/ku gsrq volajpukl`tu** uke dh ,d dsUnzh; {ks= ;kstuk dk;kZfUor dj jgk gS] ftlesa lkoZtfud&futh lgHkkfxrk ekWMy ds vk/kkj ij lesfdr bZ&vif'k"V iqupZØ.k lqfo/kk,aLFkkfir djus gsrq foÙkh; lgk;rk iznku djus ds fy, izko/kku 'kkfey djus gsrqla'kks/ku fd;k x;k gSA 1954-2-4 tkx:drk dk;ZØeu, izk:i fu;eksa esa bZ&vif'k"V ds [krjukd ?kVdksa ds ckjs esa tkx:drkQSykus rFkk mlds izca/ku dh ftEesnkjh mRikndksa dks nh xbZ gSA194^bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V dk loksZÙke mi;ksx*] y?kq rFkk e/;e m|e esa izo`fÙk;ka% ,dokf.kfT;d fjiksVZ] fctusl LV®MMZ] ubZ fnYyh] 8 flrEcj] 2010195ogh lañ 189104


miHkksDrkvksa esa bZ&vif'k"V ds [krjukd ?kVdksa ds ckjs esa tkx:drk fizaV rFkkbysDVªkWfud ehfM;k esa lfØ; izpkj&izlkj rFkk lqn`


¼ihlhch½ gSaA egRoiw.kZ ckr ;g gS fd bZ&vif'k"V izcaèu lacaèh u, izk:ifu;ekas esa vU; ds lkFk&lkFk bu ;kSfxdksa dks Hkh 'kkfey fd;k x;k gS fodflrns'kksa esa izpfyr dBksj ekudksa ds dkj.k] bu ns'kksa dh vfèdka'k daifu;ksa usbysDVªkWfud lkekuksa ds mRiknu gsrq tgjhys èkrq vkWDlkbM jfgr lqjf{kr izkS|ksfxfd;ksadks viuk fy;k gSA mnkgj.k ds fy,] fodflr ns'kksa esa cSVfj;ksa rFkk fpfdRlkmidj.kksa esa ikjk ds fodYiksa dk mi;ksx fd;k tk jgk gSA fMftVy FkekZehVj]fMthVy FkeksZLVsV vFkok vU; midj.k ftuesa ikjk ds fodYiksa dk mi;ksx fd;ktk jgk gS cgqr yksdfiz; gks jgs gSaA ikjk dk lcls cM+k miHkksDrk ^Dyksj&vYdyh*m|ksx gS tks eseczsu lsy izkslsssssssl dks viuk ldrs gSaA Dyksj&vYdyh m|ksxlksfM;e DyksjkbM foy;u dk fo|qri?kVu izfØ;k dk mi;ksx djrk gSA iz;qDrfofè ds vkèkj ij vusd izdkj ds mRikn cuk, tk ldrs gSaA blh rjg] rjyxSfy;e vFkok xSfy;e vykW;] ftlesa èkfRod vkWDlkbM dh ek=k cgqr degksrh gS] dk fofHkUu izdkj ds vuqiz;ksxksa esa mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSAmRikndksa dks bysDVªkWfud midj.k esa dfri; [krjukd vFkok tgjhys rRoksadk mi;ksx fuèkZfjr lhek ds vUnj djus dh vko';drk gSA tcfd i;kZoj.kvuqdwy fMtkbu mRiknksa vkSj izksRlkgu vuqnku dks cko fn;k106


x;k gSA Dyksj&vYdyh m|ksx ls ikjk vkèkfjr izfØ;kvksa dks 2012 rdpj.kc) rjhds ls gVk fn;k tk,xkA 1994-2-6 fu;eksa ds vuqikyu dh fuxjkuhjkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ vFkok lfefr;kaa tks vuqKfIr iznku djus rFkkvuqKfIr rFkk iathdj.k 'krks± ds vuqikyu dh fuxjkuh ds fy, mÙkjnk;h gksrh gSa]fu;eksa dk mYya?ku fd, tkus ij dkjZokbZ dj ldrh gSaA nwljh vksj] dsUnzh;iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ¼lhihlhch½ iathdj.k iznku djus gsrq fuèkZfjr 'krks± dsvuqikyu dh fuxjkuh dj ldrk gSA bl lacaè esa] izk:i bZ&vif'k"V fu;eksa dsvuqlkj] mRikndksa] fo?kfVr rFkk iqupZØ.k djus okyksa vkSj laxzg.k dsUnzksa dkslacafèr jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ¼,lihlhch½ ls vuqKfIr rFkk iathdj.kdjokuk vkSj okf"kZd fooj.kh Hkjuk vko';d gksrk gSA jkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ¼,lihlhch½ dks dsUnzh; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ¼lhihlhch½ dks okf"kZd izfrosnuHkstuk gksrk gSA dsUnzh; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ¼lhihlhch½ lHkh jkT; iznw"k.kfu;a=.k cksMks± ¼,lihlhch½ ls izkIr lwpukvksa dks lesfdr djsxk vkSj bZ&vif'k"Vizcaèu ij ,d okf"kZd izfrosnu ,oa viuh flQkfj'ksa ea=ky; dks HkstsxkA 2004-2-7 tu'kfDr rFkk rduhdh fo'ks"krk ds ek/;e ls lqn`


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Lrj ij ifjpkyu de djus ds fy, izksRlkgu nsus rFkk lkèu dh O;oLFkk djusdh vko';drk gSA lzksr Lrj ij vif'k"V esa deh ykus ls voSè O;kikj] ftluscsly duosU'ku ds fy, izsfjr fd;k Fkk] dks c


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fuiVus ds fy, lefiZr foèku dh deh] csly vfHkle; dk vLi"V vuqiz;ksx]fofè dk;kZUo;u esa vR;fèd Hkz"Vkpkj] LVsdgksYMjksa dh vifjHkkf"kr HkwfedkrFkk ftEesnkfj;ka] fuEu izkS|ksfxdh rFkk dkS'ky] vi;kZIr laHkkj&ra= rFkk lqHks|O;olkf;d rFkk foÙkh; fLFkfr dks Hkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"V izkS|ksfxdh ds gLrkarj.kesa vkus okyh ckèkvksa ds :i esa fpfUgr fd;k x;k gSA 2124-4 Hkkjr esa vlaxfBr {ks= dks ekU;rk fn;k tkukorZeku esa] i;kZoj.k lacaèh Bksl izcaèu lqfoèkvksa okyh 23 vkSipkfjdiqupZØ.k rFkk iqul±lkèu bdkb;ka gSa] tks vkUèz izns'k] d.kkZVd] egkjk"Vª] gfj;k.kk]jktLFkku] rfeyukMq] mÙkj izns'k rFkk mÙkjk[k.M esa fLFkr gSa vkSj dsUnzh; iznw"k.kfu;a=.k cksMZ ds ikl iathd`r gSaA ;s vkSipkfjd bdkb;ka bZ&vif'k"V ds iqupZØ.kgsrq Lopkfyr] vèZ&Lopkfyr rFkk gLrpkfyr izpkyuksa ds }kjk laxzg.k]i`FkDdj.k] VqdM+s djus rFkk lalkèu iqu% izkIr djus dk dk;Z djrh gSaA vkSipkfjd{ks= esa dqN O;ogk;Z iqupZØ.k lqfoèkvksa esa mÙkjk[kaM ds #M+dh fLFkr ,VsjksiqupZØ.k la;a=] cSaxyksj fLFkr bZ&okMZ rFkk bZ&ifjlkjk vkSj gSnjkckn fLFkr vFkZlsUl 'kkfey gSaA 213caxykSj fLFkr 70 vukSipkfjd iqupZØ.k djus okyksaμdckM+hokyksa ds ,d212ogh fu;a=.k cksMZ dks ,sls i`ñ 65&66213i;kZoj.k rFkk ou ea=ky;@dsUnzh; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ds vUrxZr iathd`r vU; iqupZØ.krFkk iqul±alkèu bdkb;ksa esa vkUèz izns'k esa jkedh bZ&osLV fjlkbfDyax QSflfyfV ¼jkedhbathfu;lZ fyfeVsM½( d.kkZVd esa ,'k fjlkbDylZ] ;wfuV&II, U;w iksVZ dEI;wVj lfoZlst¼bafM;k½ izkbosV fyfeVsM] ljQsl dse fQfu'klZ] bZ&vkj 3] lksY;w'kUl izkbosV fyfeVsM]vkSj ,'k fjlkbDylZ] ;wfuV&I; egkjk"Vª esa bdks fjlkbfDyax izkbosV fyfeVsM] gkbZ&VsdfjlkbfDyax bafM;k ¼izkbosV½ fyfeVsM( jktLFkku esa xzhuLdsi bdks eSustesaV izkbosV fyfeVsM(rfeyukMq esa f='khjk;k fjlkbfDyax bafM;k izkbosV fyfeVsM] VhbZ,l,,e,e izkbosV fyfeVsM]Xykscy bZ&osLV eSustesaV ,aM lfoZlst ¼thbZ,e,l½] foDVjh fjdojh ,.M fjlkbdyVsDuksykWth bafM;k izkbosV fyfeVsM] vyVªLV lksY;w'kUl ¼bafM;k½ izkbosV fyfeVsM] vkbZ,u,,,aVjizkbtst( mÙkj izns'k esa VhvkbZlh xzqi bafM;k izkbosV fyfeVsM vkSj xqtjkr esa >xfn;kdkWij fyfeVsM 'kkfey gaSA xqtjkr esa nks vU; bZ&vif'k"V iqupZØ.k djus okys gSa]ftuds uke ,elhVh ,uok;jks bUQz kLVªDpj fyfeVsM vkSj bZ&izkslsl gkml gSa111


lQy lewg] ftls gfjr fjlkbDylZ ;wfu;u dgk tkrk gS] us ;g fn[kk fn;k gSfd bZ&vif'k"V {ks= dks ,d O;ogk;Z O;olk; ekWMy cuk;k tk ldrk gSA 214bl ckr dks ysdj vR;fèd fpUrk O;Dr dh tk jgh gS fd u, izk:i dks ghfofu;eksa ls dsoy cM+h iathd`r fuos'k daifu;ka voSè O;kikj rFkk lacafèriznw"k.k ds fu;a=.k ds iz;kstukFkZ bZ&vif'k"V ds iqupZØ.k esa l{ke gks ik,axhArFkkfi] ns'k esa mRiUu bZ&vif'k"V ds 90 izfr'kr dk bl le; vlaxfBr {ks=}kjk gFkkyu fd;k tk jgk gSA lsaVj QkWj lkbal ,.M buok;juesUV] tksfd ,dxSj&ljdkjh laxBu gS] dks okLro esa vk'kadk gS fd vukSipkfjd {ks= dhvuns[kh djus ls okLro esa izk:i fu;eksa dk dk;kZUo;u vizHkkoh gks ldrk gSA 215bl ckr dh fpUrk O;Dr dh tk jgh gS fd laxfBr O;olk; ls ns'k esa T;knk lsT;knk vif'k"V dk ns'k esa vk;kr gks ldrk gS vkSj fQj mu vif'k"Vksa dkiqul±lkèu lcls xjhc rFkk lcls vlaxfBr {ks= dks vkmVlkslZ fd;k tk ldrkgSA lesfdr iqupZØ.k] mipkj rFkk fuiVku lqfoèkvksa gsrq ,d lgk;rk iz.kkyhiznku djus ds fy, ;fn vukSipkfjd vFkok laxfBr {ks= dk LrjksUu;u fd;ktk, rks bl izdkj dh fpUrkvksa dks nwj fd;k tk ldrk gSA blls i;kZoj.k lacaèhvuqikyu lqfuf'pr djrs gq, vlaxfBr {ks= dks dk;Zikyd dh eq[;èkjk esaykuk laHko gks ik,xkA okLro esa] ;w,ubZih dh fjiksVZ ^^fjlkbfDyax&Qz ksebZ&osLV Vw fjlksflZt** esa ;g ekuk x;k gS fd Hkkjr tSls ns'kksa esa vukSipkfjd@vlaxfBrlaxzg.k iz.kkyh T;knk izHkkoiw.kZ jgh gS D;ksafd nSfud vukSipkfjd laxzkgd]izR;sd leqnk; vkSj 'kgj ds Hkhrj ?kj&?kj vif'k"V laxzg.k ds fy, tk ldrkgSA dk;Z le; rFkk LFkku ds ekeys esa mudk yphyk joS;k gS( os miHkksDrkvksa dks;qfDrlaxr ewY; iznku djrs gSa vkSj lkjs ifjogu dk;Z dk fu;a=.k muds gkFk esagksrk gSA blls u dsoy vukSipkfjd laxzkgdksa dks vk; izkIr gksrh gS cfYd bllsmiHkksDrkvksa ij ncko Mkys fcuk mPp laxzg.k nj Hkh izkIr gks tkrh gSA fdlh Hkhrjg dh Hkkoh vkSipkfjd laxzg.k iz.kkyh dks ^^forfjr vukSipkfjd laxzkgdksa**dk ykHk mBkuk gksxkA 216blh chp lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh fofuekZrk la?k ¼,e,vkbVh½ us ,d ubZ214^U;w bZ&osLV :Yl bXuksj vuvkWxsZukbTM osLV*] fn ikbfu;j] ubZ fnYyh] 19 ebZ] 2010215ogh216ogh lañ 209] i`ñ 57112


,e,vkb Vh&bZ;w igy dh gS] tksfd 2010 ls 'kq: gksdj 2014 rd pyus okyh,d pkj&o"khZ; ifj;kstuk gSA bl ifj;kstuk esa vukSipkfjd bZ&vif'k"V iqupZØ.k{ks= ds dkS'kyksa dk LrjksUu;u] bZ&vif'k"V dk mfpr gFkkyu] vukSipkfjd {ks=esa èkrq mR[kuu@izlaLdj.k dks de djus ds fy, vkSipkfjd rFkk vukSipkfjdiqupZØ.k djus okyksa ds chp laidZ LFkkfir djus vkSj izlaLdj.k gsrq bZ&vif'k"Vdk mfpr pSuy cuk, tkus gsrq laxzg.k dsUnzksa dh LFkkiuk dh vfHkdYiuk dhxbZ gSA fnYyh] dksydkrk] iq.ks rFkk cSxykSj lfgr pkj 'kgjksaa dks bl ifj;kstukds iz;kstukFkZ vfHkfuèkZfjr fd;k x;k gSA 217blds vfrfjDr i;kZoj.k dh n`f"V ls lqjf{kr rjhds ls bZ&vif'k"V izcaèudks lqfuf'pr djus gsrq bZ&vif'k"V laxzg]Hkatu vFkok iqupZØ.k ds dk;Z esa yxkdksbZ Hkh O;fDr lacafèr ,lihlhch vFkok iznw"k.k fu;a=.k lfefr ls izkfèdkjizkIr dj ldrk gS c'krsZ fd vkosnd ds ikl bZ&vif'k"V ds lqjf{kr fuiVku gsrqmi;qDr lqfoèk,a miyCè gkasA rFkkfi] Hkatu vFkok iqupZØ.k ds fy, lacafèrjkT; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ@lfefr ls iathdj.k djkuk Hkh vko';d gSA elkSnkbZ&vif'k"V fu;eksa ds vuqlkj O;fDrxr :i ls vFkok la;qDr :i ls vFkok ,diathd`r lkslk;Vh vFkok ,d fo'ks"k ,tsalh vFkok daiuh vFkok la?k }kjkbZ&vif'k"V laxzg gsrq ,sls dsUnzksa dh LFkkiuk dh tk ldrh gSA bu izkoèkuksa lsvukSipkfjd {ks=ksa dks bZ&vif'k"V izcaèu iz.kkyh esa 'kkfey gksus dk voljfeysxkA 218oSf'od vFkZO;oLFkk ds dqN mRikn vius ihNs fo"kSys vif'k"V dk vUrjkZ"Vªh;Lrj ij vlj NksM+ tkrs gSaA VkWfDlDl fyad ds jfo vxzoky dgrs gSa fd bldkdksbZ Hkh lekèku ,gfr;kr vFkok ^iznw"kd Hkqxrku djs* ds fl)krksa tSls ekSfydn`f"Vdks.k ij vkèkfjr gksuk pkfg, tks varjkZ"Vªh; dkuwuksa esa Hkh ekU; gSA mudsvuqlkj u, izdkj ds vif'k"V] vif'k"V fuiVku gsrq mu rduhdksa ftudkijh{k.k ugha gqvk gS] ds mi;ksx vkSj vlqjf{kr vkS|ksfxd izfØ;kvksa dh vuqefr217bZ&vif'k"V lacaèh lfefr] ,e , vkbZ Vh okf"kZd izfrosnu] 2009&10] ,d leh{kki`ñ 14 218jkT; lHkk lfpoky; ds vuqlaèku ,dd }kjk rS;kj ^^bZ&osLV bu bafM;k** 'kh"kZd okysMªkV cSdxzkmaMj ij i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk dh xbZ fVIi.kh vkSjlq>ko dkñKkñlañ 23&4@2011&,p,l,eMh] fnukad 19 vizSy] 2011113


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vkSj laifÙk izkIr djus dh vfu;af=r bPNk vkSj mlds ifj.kkeLo:i vif'k"VinkFkZ dk mRiUu gksuk os phtsa Fkha ftuds izfr gekjs jk"Vªfirk egkRek xkaèh us;wjksi&okfl;ksa dks 1938 esa psrkouh nh FkhA mUgksaus fy[kk Fkk%^^HkkSfrd lq[k&lkèu dh vuojr ryk'k vkSj muesa xq.kkRed o`f) ,dcgqr cM+h cqjkbZ gS vkSj eSa fo'okl ds lkFk dgrk gwa fd ;wjksiokfl;ksa dksLo;a gh viuk n`f"Vdks.k cnyuk gksxk] ;fn os mu lq[k&lqfoèkvksa ftudsos xqyke curs tk jgs gSa] ds Hkkj ls ncdj u"V ugha gksuk pkgrs gSaA** 221ijarq vkt Hkkjr ds izR;sd miHkksDrk dks Hkh bl psrkouh dk /;ku j[kuk gksxkAxkaèh vkS|ksfxdhdj.k dh vkykspuk djrs Fks D;ksafd blds ihNs dk vk'k; Jecpkus dk ^yksdksidkj* ugha cfYd ykyp FkkA 222 bl ckr dks ekurs gq, fd,d fuf'pr Lrj rd HkkSfrd lkeatL; rFkk vkjke t:jh gS] mUgksaus dgk Fkk%^^,d izkS|ksfxdh lekt ds ikl nks fodYi gSaA igyk] ;g rc rdizrh{kk dj ldrk gS tc rd fd fo/oaldkjh vlQyrk,a iz.kkyhxrdfe;ksa] fod`fr;ksa rFkk Lo;a ds Nykos dks mtkxkj u dj nsaA nwljk] dksbZlaLd`fr fo/oaldkjh vlQyrkvksa ds igys iz.kkyhxr fod`fr dks nwjdjus ds fy, lkekftd vadq'k yxk ldrh gSA** 223okLro esa Hkkoh ifjfLFkfr us bZ&vif'k"V izcaèu ds lkFk&lkFk vkSj lkQ&lqFkjsrFkk vfèd nh?kZdkfyd mRiknksa ds fodkl ds fy, bPNkvksa dks de djus dsen~nsutj pqukSfr;ka vkSj volj nksuksa izLrqr fd;s gSaA blfy, ;g egRoiw.kZ gS fdvFkZO;oLFkk ds vukSipkfjd {ks= esa dkS'ky Je'kfDr dks 'kkfey dj vkSjmi;qDr izkS|ksfxdh dk iz;ksx dj bZ&vif'k"V dh leL;k dks nwj djus ds fy,O;ogk;Z gy


lanHkZizkFkfed lzksr%1- egkjk"Vª iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ¼,eihlhch½ }kjk izk;ksftr ^^baosaVjhvkWQ gStkMZl osLV bu egkjk"Vª** vkfnR; bUok;juesaVy lfoZlstizkbosV fyfeVsM ¼,bZ,lih,y½A 2- ^bysDVªkWfud lwpuk mRiknksa }kjk mRiUu iznw"k.k ds fu;a=.k ds lacaè esaiz'kklfud mik;*] 28-02-2006 ¼vaxzsth vuqokn :ikarj.k½ ihiqYlfjifCyd vkWQ pkbuk dk lwpuk m|ksx ea=ky; ¼la- 39½3- jkT; lHkk lfpoky; ds vuqlaèku ,dd }kjk rS;kj ^Hkkjr esabZ vif'k"V* 'kh"kZd okys izk:i cSd xzkm.Mj ij i;kZoj.k vkSj ouea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk dh xbZ fVIi.kh vkSj lq>koA dk-Kk-la-23&4@2011&,p,l,eMh fnukad 19 vizSy] 2011A4- i= lañ vkj,l@ih,llh ehfVax@bZ&osLV@2010@bZ,aMVhvkjfnukad 06-01-2011 ds ek/;e ls m|ksx lacaèh lfefr] jkT; lHkk dks^^bZ&vif'k"V dk izcaèu** fo"k; ij ,e,l,ebZ }kjk vxzzlkfjr fVIi.khvkSj ijke'kZ lesr jkT; lHkk lfpoky; ds vuqlaèku ,dd }kjk rS;kj^^Hkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"V** 'kh"kZd okys izk:i cSdxzkm.Mj ds lacaè esalw{e] y?kq vkSj e/;e m|e ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk dh xbZ fVIi.khvkSj lq>koA ,e,l,ebZ Qkby la- vkj,l@bZ-osLV@2011@bZ ,.M Vhvkjfnukad 24-02-2011A5- jkT; lHkk lfpoky; ds vuqlaèku ,dd }kjk rS;kj Hkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"V'kh"kZd okys MªkV cSdxzkm.Mj ds lacaè esa VkWfDlDl fyad] ubZ fnYyhds ,lksfl,V Mk;jsDVj Jh lrh'k flUgk }kjk fnukad 5 vizSy] 2011 dksbZ&esy ds tfj, dh xbZ fVIi.kh vkSj lq>koA6- jkT; lHkk ds vuqlaèku ,dd }kjk ^^Hkkjr esa bZ&vif'k"V** 'kh"kZdokys MªkV cSdxzkm.Mj ds lacaè esa lqJh lquhrk ukjk;.k] funs'kd] lsaVjQkWj lkb±l ,.M bUok;juesaV ds }kjk fnukad 17 Qjojh] 2011 dksbZ&esy }kjk nh xbZ fVIi.kh vkSj lq>koA116


7- vèhuLFk foèku lacaèh lfefr] E;qfufliy lkWfyM osLV ¼eSustesaV,.M gS.Mfyax½ :Yl] 2000 ds lacaè ,d lkS fN;klho… fjiksVZ] jkT;lHkk lfpoky;] ubZ fnYyh] fnlEcj 2009A8- dkWjiksjsV dSVsfyLV bu bafM;k] bysDVªkWfuDl baMLVªh bu bafM;k% , fjiksVZvkWu bafM;u bysDVªkWfuDl baMLVªh] 2009] .9- baVjus'kuy fjlkslZ xzqi flLVe lkmFk ,f'k;k izkbosV fyfeVsM ¼vkbZ vkjth ,l ,l ,½ }kjk ^^daVªh ySoy MCY;w bZ bZ bZ vlslesaV LVMh**2005A10- foHkkx&lacafèr foKku vkSj izkS|ksfxdh rFkk i;kZoj.k vkSj ou lacaèhlalnh; LFkk;h lfefr] dsUnzh; iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ ds dk;Zdj.k ij,d lkS ckuos oha fjiksVZ] jkT; lHkk lfpoky;] flrEcj] 2008A11- ^izk:i bZ&vif'k"V ¼izcaèu ,oa gFkkyu½ fu;e] 2010*] vfèlwpukfnukad 14 ebZ] 2010] i;kZoj.k vkSj ou ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj].12- ^^QkSyksbax n Vªsy vkWQ VkWfDld bZ&osLV** 60 feuV] lhch,l U;wtdkWe]30 vxLr] 2009] .13- ^bZ&vif'k"V ds i;kZoj.kh; :i ls lqn`


16- ^Hkkjr esa vif'k"V izcaèu* ij fu"iknu ys[kkijh{kk fjiksVZ lañ ih, 14]o"kZ 2008] .17- vkbZ vkj th flLVEl lkmFk ,f'k;k izkbosV fyfeVsM] ubZ fnYyh }kjkrS;kj egkjk"Vª iznw"k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ] eqacbZ eqacbZ&iq.ks {ks= esa bysDVªkWfuDlvif'k"V ds ewY;kadu lacaèh fjiksVZ] ekpZ 2007 .18- fo'o LokLF; laxBu ¼MCY;w ,p vks½ Hkkjr ns'k fLFkr dk;kZy;] ubZfnYyh }kjk izk;ksftr] i;kZoj.k laj{k.k] izf'k{k.k vkSj vuqlaèku laLFkku¼bZ ih Vh vkj vkbZ½] gSnjkckn }kjk rS;kj vkaèz izns'k vkSj d.kkZVd dsnks 'kgjksa ¼gSnjkckn vkSj cSaxyksj½ esa bZ&vif'k"V ds baosVksjkbts'ku dslacaè esa fjiksVZA19- ^^[krjukd vif'k"V dh lhek&ikj vkoktkgh ij fu;a=.k vkSj mudsfuiVku ds lacaè esa csly vfHkle;** dk VsDLV] ;w,ubZih] tsusok]fLoV~tjySaM] .20- fn csly ,D'ku usVodZ ¼ch,u½ vkSj flfydu oSyh VkWfDlDldksfy'ku ¼,lohVhlh½] ,DliksfV±x gkeZ% n gkbZ Vsd FkzSf'kax vkWQ,f'k;k 25 Qjojh] 2002A21 ^egkRek xkaèh dk jpuk laxzg* izdk'ku foHkkx] lwpuk vkSj izlkj.kea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj] [k.M&52] 28 vizSy&01] tqykbZ 1931A22- Hkkjr dk lafoèku] ^ckjgoha vuqlwph*] Hkkjr ljdkj] fofè vkSj U;k;ea=ky;] 2005A23- ;w,ubZih] bZ&osLV [k.M 1 baosaVjh vlslesaV eSuqvy] rduhdh izHkkx]m|ksx vkSj vFkZ'kkL=] baVjus'kuy ,Uok;juesaVy rduhd dsUnz]vkslkdk@f'kxk] 2007A24- ;w,ubZih ,.M ;wukbVsM us'kUl ;wuoflZVh] fjlkbfDyax QzkWe bZ&osLV VwfjlkslsZt] lLVsuscy buksos'ku ,.M VsDukWykWth VªkalQj baMfLVª;y lsDVjLVMht] tqykbZ 2009A118


lalnh; iz'u%1- ^vif'k"V ds fuiVku gsrq jkT;ksa dks lgk;rk*] yksd lHkk vrkjkafdr iz'ulañ 6519] fnukad 05-05-2010A2- ^bZ&vif'k"V dk fuiVku*] jkT; lHkk vkrkjkafdr iz'u lañ 1887fnukad 07-12-2009A3- ^bysDVªkWfud vif'k"V dk fuiVku*] jkT; lHkk rkjkafdr iz'u lañ 322]fnukad 19-04-2010A4- ^vif'k"V dk fuiVku*] yksd lHkk vrkjkafdr iz'u la- 650fnukad 28-07-2010A5- ^bZ&vif'k"V*] yksd lHkk vrkjkafdr iz'u lañ 5449] fnukad 28-4-2010A6- ^bZ&vif'k"V dk mRiUu gksuk*] jkT; lHkk vrkjkafdr iz'u lañ 24]fnukad 26-07-2010A7- ^[krjukd vif'k"V izcaèu* jkT; lHkk vrkjkafdr iz'u lañ 4033fnukad 03-05-2010A8- ^[krjukd vif'k"V izcaèu* jkT; lHkk vrkjkafdr iz'u lañ 2029fnukad 15-03-2011A9- ^[krjukd ?kjsyw vif'k"V ds fuiVku gsrq fu;e* yksd lHkk vrkjkafdriz'u lañ 1484] fnukad 15-07-2009A10- ^bZ&vif'k"V izcaèu gsrq fu;e* jkT; lHkk vrkjkafdr iz'u lañ 741]fnukad 02-08-2010A11- ^[krjukd vif'k"V dk O;kikj* jkT; lHkk rkjkafdr iz'u lañ 119]fnukad 02-08-2010AizSl foKkfIr%1- ;wjksik izsl foKfIr] ^deh'ku vMkIV~l dE;qfuds'ku vkWu izhdk'kujhfizafliy*] czqlsYl] 02 Qjojh] 2010] 119


2- ^baQksjes'ku uksV% eksckby Qksu ikVZujf'ki bfuf'k,fVo* csly daoasa'ku];w,ubZih] 3- ^baVªksMD'ku Vw n jksVjMe ih vkbZ lh daosa'ku* vkbZvkbZ,lMh fjiksfV±xlfoZlst] 4- ihvkbch izsl fjyht% ^[krjukd vif'k"V izcaèu fu;e* i;kZoj.k vkSjou ea=ky;] 22 vDrwcj 2008] 5- izSl fjyht% ^bdksuksfed fjdojh MªkbOl vkbZVh gkMZos;j ekdsZVbuD;w 3*] 6- izSl fjyht% ^QLVZ ,e , vkbZ Vh- th Vh tsM] LVMh fjohYl ,DlVsaV vkWQbZ&osLV psySat*] 7- izSl fjyht% ^n bZ&osLV baMLVªh bu bafM;k% lh,lbZ ,Dlikstst OgkV ykbZtfcuhFk*] lsaVj QkWj lkbal ,.M ,uok;juesaV] ubZ fnYyh] 18ebZ] 2010]8- ;w,ubZih izSl fjyht% ^vksYM f'kIl ,.M vkWClksyhV dEI;wVlZ ikVZ vkWQestj Vªkaft'ku QkWj Xykscy osLV eSustesaV* b';wM ckbZ fn lsØsVsfj,Vl vkWQ nhcsly] jkssVjMe ,.M LVkWdgkse daosaa'kUl] tsusok] fLoV~tjyS.M] 14 ebZ] 2010]9- ;w,ubZih izSl fjyht% ^csly dkaQz sal ,Mªslst bysDVªkWfud osLV pSysatst*]27 uoEcj] 2006] 10- ;wubZih U;wt fjyht% ^fefuLVlZ dkWy Qksj Dyhuj izksMD'ku esFkM~l ,tns lSV izk;ksfjVht QkWj usDLV fMdsM vkWQ csly daosaa'ku vkWu gStM~l osLVl*14 fnlEcj] 1999] 11- ^;q,ubZih jsLiksaM~l Vw vkfcntku gStMZl osLV~l Økbfll*] tsusok]8 flrEcj] 2006] 120


xkS.k lzksr%1- vfer tSu ^Xykscy bZ&osLV xzksFk* bu jkds'k tkSgjh] bZ&osLV bEIyahds'kal]jsxqys'kal ,.M eSusteSaV bu bafM;k ,.M djsaV Xykscy cSLV izSfDVlst]VhbZvkjvkbZ] ubZ fnYyh] 2008A2- ,ysDtsaMj tkat ,.M cuZl fcfysVsoLdh] ^gStkMZl ,DlVsalst bu osLVbysfDVªdy ,.M bysDVªkWfud bfDoiesaV* bu jkds'k tkSgjh] bZosLV% bEIyahds'kal]jsxqys'kal ,.M eSusteSaV bu bafM;k ,.M djsaV Xykscy cSLV izSfDVlst] VhbZvkjvkbZ]ubZ fnYyh] 2008A3- cynso flag ¼bZMZh½ tokgjyky usg: vkWu lkbal ,.M lkslk;Vh%, dysD'ku vkWQ fgt jkbfVax ,.M Lihpst] usg# eseksfj;y E;wft;e ,.Mykbczsjh] ubZ fnYyh] 1988A4- ,e-ih- jke eksgu] bfr xxZ vkSj xk;=h dqekj] ^jsxqysfVax bZ&osLV% , fjO;wvkWQ fn baVjus'kuy ,aM us'kuy yhxy QzseodZ vkWu bZ&osLV* bu jkds'k tkSgjh]bZ&osLV] bEIyahds'kal] jsxqys'kal ,.M eSustesaV bu bafM;k ,.M djsaV Xykscy cSLVizSfDVlst] VhbZvkjvkbZ] ubZ fnYyh] 2008A5- lhvkbZvkbZ vkSj ,evksbZ,Q }kjk 26 ebZ] 2010 dks bafM;k gsfcVsV lsaVj]ubZ fnYyh esa vk;ksftr bZ&vif'k"V ij us'kuy Qksje esa izLrqfr lxkrk ljdkj]^djsaV LVsVl ,.M pSysatst vkWQ fn bZ&osLV baMLVªh*A6- lrh'k flUgk] MkdZ 'kSMkst vkWQ fMftVkbts'ku vkWu bafM;u gksjkbZtu* bujkds'k tkSgjh] bZ osLV% baEIyhds'kal] jsxqys'kal ,.M eSusteSaV bu bafM;k ,.M djsaVXykscy CkSLV izSfDVlst] VhbZvkjvkbZ] ubZ fnYyh] 2008A7- Vh,u [kks'kw ,.M tkWu ,l ewykdV~Vw ] egkRek xkaèh ,.M fn ,uok;juesaV]fn ,uthZ ,.M fjlkslsZt bafLV~;wV] ubZ fnYyh] VhbZvkjvkbZ izSl] 2010A8- tsoh ysfoalu] fØfLVuk Qksyesu] ,.M tqfy;k fyV~teu] ^bZ&osLVysftLysslu bu n ;wjksfi;u ;wfu;u ,.M n csly daosa'ku* bu jkds'k tkSgjh]bZ&osLV% bEIyahds'kal] jsxqys'kal ,.M eSustesaV bu bafM;k ,.M djsaV Xykscy cSLVizSfDVlst] VhbZvkjvkbZ] ubZ fnYyh] 2008A121


osc vkfVZdYl@tuZYl%1- ,aVuh xksatkyfol] ^,ylhMh Vhoh lsYl cwe Qksjlhu bu 2010* baQksjes'kuohdA n fctusl oSY;w vkWQ VsDukWykth] 31 fnlEcj] 2009]2- vk'kk d`".kdqekj] ^bEiksfV±x Msatj*] Qz aVykbu] oksY;we 20] b';q 25]06&19 fnlEcj] 2003A3- ckekdks duosU'ku] ^baVjus'kuy esjhVkebZ vkWxsZukbts'ku]* 09 fnlEcj] 2005]4- ^ckekdks dUosa'ku] fodhihfM;k] 5- ^pkbuk vkjvks,p,l] fodhihfM;k*] Last modified: 09 vDrwcj] 2010A6- bysDVªkWfuDl] lh, fjlpZ usVodZ] ^vkWfIVdy daiksusaV~l oYMZokbM% ekdsZV~ljhp $ 11-3 fcfy;u ckbZ 2015*] 29 flrEcj] 2009] 7- bysDVªkWfuDl lh, fjlpZ usVodZ] ^oYMZokbM bysDVªkWfuDl eSU;qQSDpfjaxlfoZlst foy fjVuZ Vw fLVMh] cV bou xzksFk bu 2010*] 26 vizSy] 2010]8- ^bysDVªkWfud fjlkbfDyax* baLVhV~;wV vkWQ LØSi fjlkbfDyax baMLVªht bad¼vkbZ,lvkjvkbZ½] 9- ^bysDVªkWfud osLV bu fn ;qukbVsM LVsV~l* fodhihfM;k]last modified: 16 vDrwcj] 201010- ^QLVZ ls'ku vkWQ fn baVj&xouZesaVy usxksf'k,fVax dfeVh Vw fizis;j ,Xykscy yhxyh ckbafMax baLVªwesaV vkWu ejdjh*] 7&11 twu] 2011] vkbZvkbZ,lMh]fjiksZfVax lfoZlst] vFkZusxksf'k,'kal cqysfVu] oksY;qe] 28] uañ&1] 7 twu] 2010]11- baVjus'kuy U;wt vkWu bysDVªkWfud fjlkbfDyax] vkbZ ,u bZ vkj U;wt ysVj]122


tuojh] 2009 12- ^vkbZVht vaMjcSyh* Mkmu vFkZ] oksY;we&19] uañ&1] ebZ 16&31] 201013- ^tkiku ^^fV~ofLVax vkElZ** vkWQ ,f'k;u usclZ Vw Vsd VkWfDld osLV]xzhuihl] 16 Qjojh] 2007] 14- t;arh ?kks"k] ^fMftVy MEil* Qz aVykbu] oksY;we&25] b';q&05] ekpZ01&14] 2008A15- ^eqacbZ % pksfdax vkWu bZ&osLV &, LVMh vkWu fn LVsVl vkWQ bZ&osLV bueqacbZ*] VkWfDlDl fyad] 23Qjojh] 2007A16- ^eaqcbZ Vw LVkVZ QLVZ fjlkbfDyax IykaV* chvkj ¼buthZ&fctusl fjO;q½]6 tqykbZ] 2009] http: //www.energy-business-review.com/>17- ^U;w LVMh vkbMsaVhQkbt bafM;kt b&osLV iksVsaf'k;y*] fjlkbfDyaxbaVjus'kuy] 17 ekpZ] 2009] 18- ^fjfLVªD'ku vkWQ gStkMZl lcLVsalst MkbjsfDVo]* fofdihfM;k http://en.wikipedia.org>19- ^jksVjMe dUosa'ku*] fodhihfM;k] 20- lrh'k flUgk] ^MkmulkbM vkWQ fn fMthVy fjoksY;w'ku*] VkWfDlDlfyad] 28 fnlEcj] 2007] 21- ^'oktZj ,l] ,-Mh- cksuks ,V vky] ^bZ&osLV] fn fgMu lkbM vkWQ vkbZVh bfDoiesaV~l eSU;qQSDpfjax ,.M ;wt* ^,uok;juesaV ,yVZ cqysfVu ¼;w ,ebZihvyhZ okfu±x& vkWu beft±x ,uok;juesaVy FkzssVl½] ua-5] 200522- Vke ;ax] ^bZ&osLV , xzksbax izksCye QkWj pkbuk ,.M bafM;k*] 22 Qjojh]2010


23- ^fn xzsV bZ&osLV fjlkbfDyax ldZl*] 24- ^fn jksVjMe duosU'ku*] lkbeyVsfu;l ,DlVªk vkfMZujh ehfVaXl vkWQfn dkaQzs alst vkWQ fn ikVhat Vw csly] jksVjMe ,.M LVkWdgkse duosa'kUlckyh&baMksusf'k;k] 22&24 Qjojh] 2010] 25- ^osLV bysfDVªdy ,.M bysDVªkWfud bfDoiesaV Mk;jsfDVo*] fodhihfM;k26- 27. 28. lekpkj i= vkys[k%1- vfer lsu ^bafM;k o+kst Vw Qkby fycjy bEiksVZ vkWQ ;wTM xqM~l* fnbdksukWfed VkbEl] ubZ fnYyh] 16 vxLr] 2010A2- ^lsVj MªkV~l :Yl QkWj bZ&osLV fjlkbfDyax*, 29 vizSy] 2010A3- ^fØ,fVax cSLV vkmV vkWQ ¼bZ½ osLV *] ,l,ebZ VªsaM~l% , def'kZ;yfjiksVZ] fctusl LVSaMMZ] ubZ fnYyh] 8 flrEcj] 2010A4- nscnÙk nkl] ^ySV dyj Vhoh lsYl ltZ ckbZ vksoj 70-*] fn fganwfctusl ykbu] 20 tqykbZ] 2007A5- ^bZ&osLV dkWtst daluZ*] fn fganw] 23 tuojh] 2010A6- th ,l eqnqj] ^jsLV bu ihlst*] fn VsyhxzkQ] 28 ekpZ] 2004A7- ^bEiksVZsMs bZ&osLV lhTM ckbZ dLVe vkWfQf'k;Yl* fn VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k]20 vxLr] 2010A124


8- t;Jh uanh] ^foy , MªkV ykW fjcwV bZ&eSl*] fn VkbEl vkWQ bf.M;k]ubZ fnYyh] 21 ebZ] 2010A9- dsñ lR;ewfrZ] eSusftax bZ&osLV fonkmV gkfe±x ,Uok;juesaV] fn fgUnw]03 vizSy] 2006A10- ekjoku eSdu&ekdZj] ^Qzh VªsM dSu ukWV buDywM VkWfDld osLV*] VkWfDldVªsM U;wt] csfly ,D'ku usVodZ ¼ch,,u½] 16 Qjojh] 2007A11- ^ek;kiqjh%fMtkLVj izksVksdkWy ukWV fDy;j] lst gsYFk fefuLVj*] fn VkbElvkWQ bafM;k] ubZ fnYyh] 04 ebZ] 2010A12- ekSleh clq] ^U;w bZ&osLV eSusteSaV Iyku Y;qØsfVo QkWj LVsV~l*]fn ik;fu;j] ubZ fnYyh] 18 ebZ] 2010A13- ^eaqcbZ iksVZ gSt yktsZLV ,ekmaV vkWQ gStkMZl eSVhfj;y*] fn VkbEl vkWQbafM;k] 16 vxLr] 2010A14- usgk ykypUnkuh] ^uks QsflfyVh bu flVh Vw LVksj] MEi gStkMZl osLV]fn VkbEl vkWQ bfM;k] 10 vizSy] 2010A15- usgk ykypUnkuh] ^, fMtkLVj osfVax Vw gSIiu bu osLV dSfiVy*]fn VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k] 22 vizSy] 2010A16- usgk ykypUnkuh] ^bZ&Lds;j*] fn VkbEl vkWQ bf.M;k] 24 vizSy] 201017- ^U;w bZ&osLV :Yl bXuksj vuvkWxsZukbTM osLV* fn ik;fu;j]ubZ fnYyh] 19 ebZ] 2010A18- ^U;w jsfM;ks,fDVo osLV fMLiksty :Yl b';wM*] fn fgUnw ] 04 ebZ]2010A19- ihñ Jhlq/kk] ^Vsdfyax bZ&osLV*] fn fgUnw] 28 twu] 2009A20- ihjtknk vcjkj] ^fMfxax euh vkmV vkWQ bZ&osLV*] fn bdksukWfedVkbEl] ubZ fnYyh] 1 vDrwcj] 2010A21- ihñihñ laxy] ^fn pSysat vkWQ gStkMZl osLV* fn bdksukWfed VkbEl ]19 ebZ 2010A125


22- jk/kk oSadVs'ku] ^bt bafM;k , Xykscy Vªs'k dSu\* fn VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k]24 vizSy] 2010A23- jfo vxzoky] ^, iksfylh\ jfc'k*] fn fgUnqLrku VkbEl] 4 ebZ] 2010A24- fj'kk fpVyafx;k] ^osLV fMLiksty% xzhu os*] fn VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k]12 vizSy] 2011A25- ^:Yl vkWu bZ&osLV&eSusteSaV ckbZ ekpZ] fn fgUnw] 20 fnlEcj] 2009A26- lanhi tks'kh] ^xzksbax bZ&osLV dkWftax daluZ*] fn fgUnw ] 28 Qjojh2009A27- lat; tksx] ^Vsu LVsV~l daVªhC;wV 70% vkWQ bZ&osLV tsusjsVsM bubafM;k*] fn Qkbusaf'k;y ,Dlizsl] 13 ekpZ] 2008A28- 'kadj jk; pkS/kjh] ^Vsjj QzkWe osLV*] fn ,f'k;u ,t] 4 ebZ] 2010A29- ';ke jaxukFku ,.M jE;k d..ku] ^rfeyukMq Qz sEl lSijsV bZ&osLVikWfylh] fn fgUnw] 16 ebZ] 2010A30- lquhrk ukjk;.k] ^, fMQjsaV osLV ekWMy*] 21 ebZ] 2010AGMGIPMRND—603RS—08-02-2012126

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