fo'ofo|ky; izdk'ku izH kkx - Shiats.edu.in

shiats.edu.in

fo'ofo|ky; izdk'ku izH kkx - Shiats.edu.in

fo’ks”k rkSj ij xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa vf/kd izHkko’kkyh fl) gks jgk gS] tks xzkeh.k cPpksa esa vf’k{kk]vKkurk] dqiks”k.k tSlh leL;kvksa dks de djus esa cgqr vf/kd lgk;d fl) gks jgk gSAHkkjr dh lcls izkphu vkSj fl) fpfdRlk i)fr vk;qosZn gSA vuUr ouLifr;ksa vkSj tM+hcwfV;ksa esa ls vk;qosZn us vkaoyk dks loZJs”B Qy ekuk gSA bldks ve`r Qy dgk tkrk gSAHkkjro”kZ tSls Ñf”k iz/kku ns’k esa xzkeh.k {ks=ksa dh vFkZO;oLFkk dk vk/kkj i’kq/ku gh gSA i’kq/ku }kjk ykHk rHkh ik;k tk ldrk gS tc gekjs ikyrw i’kq& xk;] HkSal] HksM+] cdjh] lqvj vkfnLoLFk jgsaA chekj i’kq] i’kq ikydksa ds fy;s gj rjg ls ijs’kkuh vkSj uqdlku dk dkj.k cursgSA i’kqvksa esa dqN ,sls laØked jksx gksrs gS] ftUgsa ek= lgh le; ij fu;fer :i ls Vhdkyxokus ls jksdk tk ldrk gSAns’k dh c


euh"k dqekj dsljokuhfo"k; oLrq fo'ks"kKizlkj funs'kky;]f'k;kV~l] bykgkcknvkaoyk dSUMh vkaoys ds eqjCcs dk lw[kk izfr:i ghgSA cPpkas dks vkaoys dk eqjCck [kkuk ilUn ugha vkrk]ysfdu vkaoyk dSUMh cM+s ets ls [kkrs gSaA vkaoyk esaik;s tkus okys vusd xq.k gSaA blesa foVkfeu lh dhizpqj ek=k fufgr jgrh gSA vkaoyk fdlh Hkh rjg ls[kk;k tk; og gekjs 'kjhj ds fy, vR;Ur ykHkdkjhgSAvkaoys ls ikpu vkSj 'kjhj dh izfrjks/k {kerk etcwrgksrh gSA bldk vk;qos Zn vkS"kf/k esa dkQh ek=k esa iz;ksxfd;k tkrk gSA ;s vkidks ran:Lr jgus esa enndjsxkA vkaoyk uoEcj ls tuojh rd cktkj esa [kwcfeyrk gSAbl le; rks vki rktk rktk vkaoyk vius jkstkuk ds[kkus esa pVuh cukdj] vkaoys ÝkbZ ;k lwi esa fdlhHkh rjg ls iz;ksx esa ykrs jfg;sA vkaoys dks fofHkUurjhds ls LVksj djds j[kk tkrk gS] tSls& vkaoykikmMj] vkaoys dk vpkj] vkaoys dk eqjCck] vkaoykehBh pVuh vkSj vkaoyk dSUMh cukdj rS;kj djrs gS aA;s vkaoyk dSUMh dHkh Hkh [kk;h tk ldrh gSA vkaoykdSUMh ehBh ;k elkysnkj vki vius Lokn ds vuqlkjcukdj rS;kj dj yhft,]rks vkb;s cukuk 'kq: djrs gSa] lk/kkj.k ,oa elkysnkjvkaoyk dSUMhAvko';d lkexzh %vkaoyk % 1 fdxzk ¼30&35½phuh % 700 xzkeizks0 ¼Mk0½ ukgj flagfuns'kd izlkjizlkj funs'kky;]f'k;kV~l] bykgkcknfof/k %& vkaoys dks lkQ ikuh ls /kks yhft,A fdlh crZuesa bruk ikuh Mkydj mckyus jf[k, fd vkaoykmlesa vPNh rjg Mwc ldsA& mcyrs ikuh esa vkaoys Mkfy, vkSj fQj ls mckyvkus ds ckn 2 feuV rd vkaoys mcyus nhft,]xSl yse cUn dj nhft, vkSj bu vkaoyks dks 5feuV ds fy,


'kadj lqou flaaaaglgk;d izoDrkokuZj Ldwy vkWQ QwM ,.M Ms;jh VsDuks0f'k;kV~l] bykgkckni`Foh ds ok;qe.My esa fo|eku vusdksa izdkj dsok;q] lw{e d.kksa o fofHkUu izdkj ds ijrksa esa ls ,dvkstksu ijr Hkh gS] tks lw;Z ds izdk'k esa i`Foh dh j{kkds fy, gksrh gSA ;g ijr ijkcSaxuh fdj.kksa ls gekjho gekjs i;kZoj.k dh j{kk djrh gS] ftls vkstksu ijrdgrs gSA ok;qe.My ds Åijh lrg ij ijkcSaxuhfdj.kks ds izHkko es vkDlhtu foHkktu ,Veks esa gksusyxkA ¼LVªsVksfLQ;j½ eas] lkfUnzr gksdj vkstksu ijrdk fuekZ.k fd;k Ai`Foh dk ckgjh rg eq[;r% pkj oxksZ esa foHkDr gS&1- fyFkksfLQ;j ¼i`Foh dk vkoj.k½2- gkbMªksfLQ;j ¼leqnz] ufn;kWa ,oa >hysa½3- ,VekfLQ;j ¼i`Foh dk vkoj.k½4- ck;ksfLQ;j ¼;g rhuksa dk lekos'k gSA½vkjEHk es a tc i`Foh dk mn~Hko gqvk rc vkDlhtu xSlugha FkhA Tokykeqf[k;ksa ds fujUrj VwVrs QwVrs jgus lslEiw.kZ ok;qe.My dkcZuMkbZ vkDlkbM o ehFksu ¼CH 4½ls Hkjiwj FkkA dqN le; ckn leqnzksa ds Hkhrj thoudk mn~Hko gqvk] tks dkcZuMkbZ vkDlkbM vo'kksf"krdj vkDlhtu dk iztuu djus yxsA bl vkDlhtuus i`Foh ds Åijh ok;qe.My dh vksj ,d= gksuk 'kq:dj fn;k tgka ijkcS axuh fdj.kksa ds izHkko es a vkDlhtudk foHkktu ,Veksa esa gksus yxkA rRi'pkr ,Veks usfeydj vkstksu dk :i /kkj.k dj] lerki e.My esalkfUnzr gksdj] vkstksu ijr dk fuekZ.k fd;kA vkstksuijr i`Foh dks ijkcSaxuh ¼UV½ fdj.kksa esa ,d Nyuhlkeku lqj{kk dop dk dke djrh gSAvkstksu esa vkDlhtu ds rhu ,Ve ckm.M gksrs gSAgekj xk¡o vizSy & twu 2012 ¼06½izks0 ¼MkW0½ jes'k pUnzkfoHkkxk/;{kokuZj Ldwy vkWQ QwM ,.M Ms;jh VsDuks0f'k;kV~l] bykgkcknvkstksu O 3,d jaxfoghu rFkk rh[kh xa/k okyh xSlgksrh gSA vkstksu ijr i`Foh ds Åij lksyg ls ipklfdyks ehVj ¼16 - 15 km.½ vFkkZr 34 fdyks ehVj eksVhijr] ÅapkbZ ij fLFkr gSAvkstksu dk fuekZ.k lkSj fofdj.k }kjk yxkrkj gksrkjgrk gSA ftldk Lrj 300 fefy;u ¼300 fefy;uVu ½ izfrfnu gS vkSj bruh gh ek=k esa ;g izkÑfrd:Ik ls u"V Hkh gksrh jgrh gS Avkstksu ijr ds dkj.k LVªsVksfLQ;j dk rkiekuVªksiksfLQ;j ¼{kksHke.My½ dh vis{kkd`r vR;f/kd gksrkgSA vkstksu ijr ij ijkcS axuh fdj.kks a dks 'kksf"kr djrkgS vkSj fofdj.k ds gkfudkjd izHkko ls i`Foh ds lEiw.kZthou dh j{kk djrk gSA ijkcSaxuh fdj.kksa ds vo'kks"k.kds dkj.k] vkstksu ijr lerki e.My dks xeZ djrkgSAvkstksu dh eksVh ijr ¼34km½ ls ijkcSaxuh fdj.ksaNudj {kksHke.My es izos'k djrh gaSA vkstksu ijr lcLdzhu dh Hkkafr dk;Z djrh gS vkSj [krjukd ijkcS axuhch lkSj rjaxks ds cM+s Hkkx dks {kksHke.My es a izos'k djusls jksdrh gS o ijkcSaxuh ch dk og {kh.k izokg tks Hkwlrg ds ok;qe.My rd igqapkrk gS Ropk dSalj]eksfr;kfcUn] vkfn chekfj;ka QSykrk gSA bl izdkj gedg ldrs gS ;fn lerki e.My esa vkstksu dkfuekZ.k gqvk] rks vk/kqfud le; esa thou Lo:iksa dkmn~Hko gh laHko gksxkA vkstksu dh deh ls] ijkcSaxuhch {kksHke.My es vR;f/kd ek=k esa gksuk] ekuo ij ghugh] vfirq isM+ & ikS/kksa ij Hkh izHkko Mkyrs gSA ikS/kksa‘ks”k i`”B la0 22&&ij


izks- jkuw izlknizksQsljx`g foKku ladk;lS0fg0ba0 vkWQ ,xzh0] VsDukW0 ,.M lkbalst¼iwoZorhZ bykgkckn ,xzhdYpjy baLVhV~;wV½bykgkcknizÑfr %& Hkkjr dh lcls izkphu vkSj fl) fpfdRlki)fr vk;qosZn gSA /kUoarfj blds tUenkrk gS ,oapjd lqJqr vkfn izfl) fpfdRld ;ksx Hkh gekjs ns'kesa ekuo LokLF; dks fcuk vkS"kf/k LoLFk j[kus dhi)fr gSA iratfy blds tUenkrk gSaA lnSo LoLFkjgus ds fy, ;ksx vkSj 'kjhj dh O;kf/k;ksa ls f?kjus ijvk;qosZn dke vkrk gSA vuUr ouLifr;ksa vkSj tM+hcwfV;ksa esa ls vk;qosZn us vkaoyk dks loZJs"B Qy ekukgSA ;g ve`r Qy dgk x;k gSA lk/kkj.k rkSj ijvkaoyk ehBk vkSj uedhu nksuksa Lokn esa ik;k tkrkgSA gjk rktk vkaoyk Hkkjr es a cQhZys izns'k dks NksM+djgj txg feyrk gSA bls lq[kkdj pw.kZ cukdj Hkh j[kktk ldrk gSA lw[kk vkaoyk ikuh esa rhu pkj ?kaVsfHkxksus ij uje gks tkrk gSAjklk;fud laxBu %& vkaoys ds Qy esa foVkfeulh izpqj ek=k esa ik;k tkrk gSA blesa ukjaxh ds jlls 20 xquk vf/kd foVkfeu lh ik;k tkrk gSAvkaoyk esa ik;s tkus okys ikSf"Vd rRoksa dh ek=k ¼izfr100 xzke½ty & 8-92 fe-xzkizksVhu& 0-5 fe-xzkolk& 0-9 fe-xzk-QkLQksjl & 0-02 fe-xzkfel-'kkfyuh flag,e-,l-lh- Nk=x`g foKku ladk;lS0fg0ba0 vkWQ ,xzh0] VsDukW0 ,.M lkbalst¼iwoZorhZ bykgkckn ,xzhdYpjy baLVhV~;wV½bykgkckndSfY'k;e & 0-05 fe-xzkykSg& 1-2 fe-xzkfudksfVfud,flM & 0-2 fe-xzkvkS"kf/kds :i esa %&1- vkaoys ds leku loZlqyHk vkSj xq.kdkjh vkS"kf/kvU; dksbZ ugha gSA ;ksx ds lkFk vkaoys dk lsouuothou iznku djrk gSA2- bldk jl 'kjhj dh ukfM+;ksa dk 'kks/ku djrk gS]ftlls mPp jDrpki ân; jksx fu;af=r jgldrs gSA lcls vPNh ckr ;g fd vkaoyk [kkrsjgus ls MkDVjksa ds fcy de Hkjus iM+saxs] nokb;ksaij gksus okyk [kpZ ,dne de gks tk,xkA LoLFk'kjhj esa LoLFk eu dk fuokl gksxk vkSj ruko lscps jgsaxsA3- vkaoyk ls cuk P;ouizk’k O;fDr esa lnSo LQwfrZHkjrk jgrk gSA ;g chekfj;ksa ls gh ugha yM+rkcfYd mez es a Bgjko Hkh yk nsrk gS vFkkZr~ o`)koLFkkdks jksdrk gSA vkaoyk lEiw.kZ 'kjhj ds fy, vfrvko';d gSA4- vkaoyk lEiw.kZ 'kjhj ds fy, vfr mi;ksxh QygSA pkgs cky gks] nkar gks] ikpu gks] 'kjhj dh VwVQwV] us= T;ksfr vkfn lHkh esa vkaoyk ykHkizn gSA‘ks”k i`”B la0 26&&ijgekj xk¡o vizSy & twu 2012 ¼09½


aMk0 enu lsu flagfo"k; oLrq fo'ks"kKÑf"k Kku dsUnz]Hknksghizks0 ¼Mk0½ ukgj flagfuns'kd izlkjizlkj funs'kky;f'k;kV~l] bykgkcknLVhfo;k ewy :i ls iSjkxqos dk ikS/kk gS] tkseq[;r% ufn;ksa] rkykcksa ,oa iks[kjksa ds fdukjs ik;ktkrk gSA blds xq.kksa] mi;ksfxrk ,oa feBkl ls blstkiku rd igqapk fn;k vkSj loZizFke bldk Ñf"kdj.kogka ij izkjaHk gqvk] tks ckn esa ,f'k;k ds vU; ns'kksa esaQSykA bldk okLrfod uke LVhfo;k fjokmfn;kukcjVksuh gSA bldh mi;ksfxrk blesa ik;s tkus okysfeBkl ,oa xq.k ds dkj.k gS ,oa bUgh xq.kksa ds dkj.kvkfFkZd :i ls dkQh mi;ksxh gSA LVhfo;k gcZymRikn gksus ds dkj.k iw.kZ:is.k lqjf{kr gSA LVhfo;k,d egRoiw.kZ vkS"kf/k ikS/kk gSA ;g ,d cgqo"khZ; rFkkdBksj izd`fr dk ikS/kk gSAtkiku esa bldh [ksrh O;kid iSekus ij gksrh gSA blesik;s tkus okyh feBkl ds dkj.k gh ;g vkfFkZd :ils dkQh mi;ksxh gSA bldh ifRr;ksa esa lkekU; phuhls 30 xquk vf/kd feBkl gksrh gSA blesa vfrfjDrdSyksjh ugha gksrh gS ftlds dkj.k ;g e/kqesg jksfx;ksads fy, iw.kZ:is.k lqjf{kr vkgkj gSA ;g peZ jksx }kjkmRiUu fodkjksa ls Hkh eqfDr fnykrk gSA LVhfo;kyxHkx 2 ls 2-5 QqV yEck] cgq'kk[kh; o cgqo"khZ;ikS/kk gSA ;g dBksj i;kZoj.k ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa Hkh Åxldrk gSA bldk mi;ksx 'kDdj ds fodYi esa izHkkoh:i ls fd;k tk ldrk gSAmi;qDr tyok;q % bldh [ksrh lEiw.kZ Hkkjr esa dhtk ldrh gS] flQZ mu LFkkuksa dks NksM+dj tgk¡lkekU;r;k U;wure rkieku 'kwU; ds vkl&ikl jgrkgS ;k cQZ iM+rh gS vFkkZr~ bldh [ksrh mu LFkkuksa ijugha dh tk ldrh gS tgk¡ U;wure rkieku lkekU;rFkk 'kwU; ds vkl&ikl jgrk gks ;k cQZ iM+rh gksAvf/kdre~ rkieku dk dksbZ fo'ks"k izfrdwy izHkko ughaiM+rkAe`nk % mi;qDr ty fudkl okyh ,slh tehus a ftudkih0,p0 eku 6 ls 8 rd gks] LVhfo;k ds fy, mi;qDrgSA ;g ikS/kk {kkjh;rk ugha lgu dj ldrk] vr%{kkjh; Hkwfe esa ugha mxk;k tk ldrkA jsrhys nkseVfeV~Vh rFkk ,slh feV~Vh ftlesa ikuh dks T;knk le;rd jksdus dh {kerk u gks rFkk ih0,p0 eku 6 ls 8ds e/; gks] LVhfo;k dh [ksrh ds fy, mi;qDr gksrhgSAflapkbZ % LVhfo;k dh Qly ds fy, ikuh dh vf/kdvko';drk gksrh gSA ijUrq Hkwfe esa ty fudkl dkmRre izcU/k gksuk pkfg, rFkk Hkwfe es a ikuh dks jksdusdh {kerk Hkh de gksuh pkfg,A Hkwfe es a ueh lnSo cuhjguh pkfg, vFkkZr feV~Vh lw[kuh ugh pkfg,Ablfy, flapkbZ dh vko';drk T;knk gksrh gSAflapkbZ dk lokZf/kd lk/ku fMªi bjhxs'ku Hkh gksrk gSAblls vko';drkuq:i gh ikS/kksa dks ikuh feyrkgSA[kjirokj fu;a=.k% le;≤ ij vko';drkuqlkjfujkbZ ,oa xqM+kbZ dh tkrh gS] ftlls [kjirokj fu;a=.kds lkFk&lkFk feV~Vh Hkh HkqjHkqjh cuh jgrh gS] ftllsikS/kksa ds fodkl esa leqfpr enn feyrh gSA[kkn dh vko';drk % LVhfo;k ds mRikn ekuo}kjk lh/ks iz;ksx fd;s tkrs gSaA vr% Qly esa fdlhgekj xk¡o vizSy & twu 2012 ¼10½


Zizdkj ds jklk;fud [kknksa] Vkfud ,oa dhVuk'kdks a dkiz;ksx ugha fd;k tkrk gS] vfirq tSfod [kkn dk ghiz;ksx fd;k tkuk mfpr gSA 1 ,dM+ esa 20 Vu xkscjdh [kkn ,oa 7&8 Vu dsapq, dh [kkn Mkys tkus dhvuq'kalk dh tkrh gSAQly ij gksus okys izeq[k jksx ,oa fu;a=.k %LVhfo;k dkQh dBksj izÑfr dk ikS/kk gSA vr,o ;gvf/kdka'kr% dhV izdksi ls eqDr jgrk gS dHkh&dHkhyhQ LikWV dk izdksi gks ldrk gS] ftls xksew= ;k uhersy ,oa ikuh ds ?kksy dk fNM+dko dj iw.kZ:is.kfu;af=r fd;k tk ldrk gSAjksi.k dh fof/k % LVhfo;k jksi.k fV~';w dYpj lsizkIr tM+nkj ikS/kksa ls djuk loks ZRre gksrk gSA bldkjksi.k nks QqV pkSM+h ,oa 6 bap ls 9 bap Å¡ph csM ijnks ykbuksa esa fd;k tkrk gSA ykbu ls ykbu dh nwjh16 bap rFkk ikS/ks ls ikS/ks dh nwjh 9 bap j[kh tkrh gSAbl izdkj ,d ,dM+ ls yxHkx 40000 ikS/ks dhvko';drk gksrh gSA ;|fi dqN lykgdkj 3000ikS/ks yxkus dh lykg nsrs gSa] ysfdu bl Qly dhvkfFkZdh iRrksa ij gh vkfJr gS] vr% 40000 ikS/ksyxkuk gh mfpr gksrk gSA de ikS/ks yxkus lsizfr ,dM+ ykxr rks de gks tkrh gS] ijUrq iSnkokjHkh de feyrh gSA;g 5 o"khZ; Qly gS] ftldh de ls de 4&5 dfVaxizfro"kZ dh tkrh gSA ,slk fo'okl gS fd mRrj Hkkjresa izfro"kZ 6&7 dfVaXl Hkh laHko gSA bldh dfVax tM+ls 3&4 bap NksM+dj dh tkrh gSALVhfo;k dh miyC/k mUur fdLesa % LVhfo;k dhfofHkUu fdLesa fodflr dh x;h gS a] ftuesa O;olkf;dn`f"V ls egRoiw.kZ dqN fdLesa fuEufyf[kr gSa &,l-vkj-ch-&123 % bl fdLe esa XywdkslkbM dhek=k 9 ls 12 izfr'kr gksrh gSA loZizFke ;g nf{k.khHkkjr es a cksbZ xbZ FkhA vc mRrjh Hkkjr es a Hkh vPNh :iesa fodflr gSA bldh o"kZ esa 5 dfVax gksrh gSA mRrjHkkjr esa bldh 5 ls T;knk dfVaXl laHkkfor gSA,l-vkj-ch-&512 % bl fdLe esa XywdkslkbM dhek=k 9 ls 12 izfr'kr gksrh gSA ;g fdLe fo'ks"k :ils mRrjh Hkkjr ds fy, fodflr dh xbZ gSA bldho"kZ Hkj esa 5 dVkbZ gksrh gSA,l-vkj-ch-&128 % ;g LVhfo;k dh loksZRre fdLegSA blesa XywdkslkbM dh ek=k 21 izfr'kr rd gksrhgSA ;g fdLe vHkh cktkj esa is'k ugha dh xbZ gS]ijUrq 'kh?kz gh cktkj esa miyC/k gksus dh laHkkoukgSA ;g mRrj ,oa nf{k.kh Hkkjr ds fy, Hkh mi;qDrgksxhAMhykofjax ¼Qwyksa dks rksM+uk½ % pwafd LVhfo;kds iRrksa esa gh LVhfo;kslkbZM~l gksrk gS vkSj Qwyksa dsvkus ds ckn LVhfo;kslkbM dh ek=k de gksus yxrhgSA vr% Qwyksa dks rqjUr rksM+ nsuk pkfg,AQly dh dVkbZ ¼gkjosfLVax½ % lkekU; :i ls 3ekg ds mijkUr Qly dh dVkbZ tM+ ls 3&4 bapNksM+dj dh tkrh gS vkSj iRrksa dks rksM+dj Nk;k esalq[kk fy;k tkrk gSA Hkwfe dh moZjk'kfDr ds vuq:idVkbZ 3 ekg ls iwoZ ;k ckn esa dh tk ldrh gSA ;fnikS/kksa dh ck


lquhy uSFkuleUo;dizlkj funs'kky;f'k;kV~l] bykgkckn[kjhQ Qlyks a es a /kku ds ckn eDdk izns'k dh eq[;Qly gSA bldh [ksrh vukt] HkqV~Vs ,oa gjs pkjs dsfy, dh tkrh gSA eDdk dh vPNh mit ds fy,vko';d gS fd le; ls cqokbZ] fujkbZ&xqM+kbZ] jksxdhV ,oa [kjirokj fu;a=.k] moZjdksa dk larqfyriz;ksx] le; ls flapkbZ dks viuk;k tk;sA Ñf"k j{kklk/kuksa dks lgh rjhds ls viukdj ladj@ladqyiztkfr;ksa dh mit 35&40 dq0@gs0 izkIr dh tkldrh gSA lkFk gh vYi vof/k dh Qly gksus dsdkj.k cgqQlyh [ksrh ds fy, bldk vR;Ur egRogSAgkfudkjd dhM+s&ruk Nsnd % eDdk dh ;g lcls vf/kd gkfudkjddhV gSA bldk izdksi twu ls flrEcj eghuksa esavf/kd gksrk gSA bldk vkØe.k mxus ds 'kh?kz ckn'kq: gks tkrk gSA NksVh Qly esa ikS/kksa dh xksHk lw[ktkrh gSA ;g dhV cM+ s ikS/kks a es a chp ds iRrksa ij lqjk[kdj nsrk gS rFkk iRrks a dks fdukjksa ls Hkh [kk tkrk gSAbldh lwf.M;k] ruksa esa lqjk[k djds iSnkokj dkQhde dj nsrh gSaAfu;a=.k % bldh jksdFkke ds fy, Qly mxus ds10osa fnu ls 'kq: djds 4 fNM+dko gj 10 fnu dsvUrj ij djuk pkfg,A igyk fNM+dko mxus ds 10fnu ckn 500 xzke dkcZfjy 50 ?kq-ik- ;k 625 fe-yh-,.MkslYQku 35 bZlh dks 800 yh0 ikuh esa feykdjizks0 ¼Mk0½ ukgj flagfuns'kd izlkjizlkj funs'kky;f'k;kV~l] bykgkcknizfr gsDVs;j djsaA nwljk fNM+dko mxus ds 20 fnuckn 750 xzke dkcZfjy 50 ?kq-ik- ;k 950 fe-yh-,.MkslYQku 35 bZlh dks 800 yhVj ikuh esa feykdjizfr gsDVs;j djsaA rhljk fNM+dko mxus ds 30 fnuckn 1 fdxzk dkcZfjy 50 ?kq-ik- ;k 1200 fe-yh-,.MkslYQku 35 bZlh dks 800 yhVj ikuh esa feykdjizfr gsDVs;j djsaA pkSFkk fNM+dko mxus ds 40 fnuckn rhljs fNM+dko dh rjg djsaAfVM~Mk % ;g Hkwjs eVeSys jax dk gksrk gS] tksQqnd&Qqnd dj pyrk gSA NksVh voLFkk esa Qlydks vf/kd gkfu igqapkrk gSAfu;a=.k % ckyksa okyh NksVh lwf.M;ksa] fVM~Mksa vkSjlSfud dhVksa dh jksdFkke ds fy, 25 fdxzk QkyhMkyikmMj 2 izfr'kr dk /kwy izfr gsDVs;j djsa AlSfud dhV % ;g NqV&iqV dhV gSa vkSj bldkizdksi flrEcj&vDVwcj es a gksrk gS NksVh lwf.Ma;k xksHkds iRrks a dks [kkrh gSa vkSj cM+h gksdj vU; iRrksa dks HkhNyuh dj nsrh gSaA izdksfir [ksrksa esa bldk ey izk;%ns[kk tkrk gSAfu;a=.k % NksVh voLFkk esa dkrjk dh lwf.M;ka iRrksaij cgqr la[;k esa gksrh gSaA blfy, iRrks a dh lwf.M;ksalesr rksM+dj u"V dj nsaA dkrjs ds vaM lewg dksu"V djsaAckyksa okyh lwf.M;ka % tc lwf.M;ka NksVh voLFkk esagksrh gS a] rks iRrksa dks fupyh lrg ij bdV~Bh jg djgekj xk¡o vizSy & twu 2012 ¼12½


auqdlku djrh gS a rFkk iRrks a dks Nyuh dj nsrh gSa] cM+hgksdj lkjs [ksr esa QSy tkrh gS a vkSj uqdlku djrh gS aAfu;a=.k % cM+h lwfM;ksa dks dqpy dj u'V dj nsrs gSavU;Fkk feV~Vh ds rsy ds ?kksy esa Mkydj u"V djsa Adkrjk dh cM+h lwf.M;ksa dh jksdFkke ds fy, 625 feyh-eksuksØksVksQkl 36 MCyw,llh ;k 500 feyh-MkbZDyksokZl 76 bZlh ;k 1250 feyh- ,.MkslYQku 35bZlh 800 yh0 ikuh esa feykdj izfr gsDVs;j fNM+dsaAlysVh Hkw.Mh % ;g Hkw.Mh gYds lysVh jax dh gksrh gSA;g ifRr;ks a dks fdukjks a ls [kkdj vxLr ls vDVwcj rduqdlku djrh gSAfu;a=.k % jksdFkke ds fy, 1 yh- eSykfFk;ku 50 bZlhdks 800 yh0 ikuh esa feykdj izfr gsDVs;j fNM+dsaApqjM+k ¼fFkzIl½ % Hkwjs jax ds fFkzIl vizSy ls tqykbZ rdNksVs ikS/kksa ds iRrksa ls jl pwldj uqdlku djrs gSaAfu;a=.k % fFkzIl o gjk rsyk dh jksdFkke ds fy, 625feyh- eSykfFk;ku 50 bZ-lh- dks 800 yh0 ikuh esafeykdj izfr gsDVs;j fNM+dko djsaAchekfj;k¡ %ihfFk;e ruk xyu % uhps dh rhu ;k pkj iksfj;ksa esals fdlh ,d ds dqN fgLls ij gh bl jksx dk izHkkoiM+rk gS vkSj ikS/kk fxj tkrk gSA fxjk gqvk ikS/kk dqNle; rd ,slk gh jgrk gS vkSj ml ij iM+s /kCcs #bZtSls js"ks ls cu tkrs gSaAthok.kq ruk xyu % bl jksx ls uhps dh iksfj;ak ujeo cnjax lh gks tkrh gS a vkSj rus ,sls yxrs gS a tSls ikuhesa mcys gksaA iRrs eqj>kus yxrs gSa vkSj jksxxzLr ikS/kkfxj tkrk gSA xyus ds ckn ikS/ks ls cncw vkus yxrhgSAiRrk vaxekjh % bl jksx ls izHkkfor iRrksa ij lh/ksfujarj 1-4 lseh yEcs ;k eksrhuqek lysVh Hkwjs jax ds /kCcs iM+ tkrs gSa rFkk muds pkjks vksj ihys&gjs jax ds/kCcs fn[kkbZ iM+rs gSaAMkmuh feYM~;w % vkjEHk es a ikS/ks ij ihys jax dh /kkfj;kacu tkrh gSa tks ckn esa Hkwjh gks tkrh gS a ;k lHkh ifRr;kaiwjh rjg ihyh iM+ tkrh gS a vkSj lqcg&lqcg ns[kus ijbu ij lQsn QQwan utj vkrh gSAjksx dh lkewfgd jksdFkke %cht mipkj % 4 xzke Fkkbje izfr fdxzk cht dsfglkc ls cht dk mipkj djsaA• tc Qly 5&7 lIrkg dh gks tk, rks 150 xzkedSIVku vkSj 33 xzke LVScy Cyhfpax ikmMj dks100 yh0 ikuh esa feykdj ?kksy cuk;sa rFkk bllsikS/kksa dh tM+ksa ds ikl dh feV~Vh xhyh dj nsaA• tc Qly ?kqVuksa rd Åaph gks tk,] rks iRrksa dhvaxekjh o vU; jksxksa ls cpko ds fy, 2-5 fdxzkftusc ;k eSUdkstsc dk izfr gsDVs;j fNM+dkodjsaA ;fn t:jr iM+s] rks blh fØ;k dks 10&15fnu ckn nksgjk;sa A• ueh ls cpk;sa o ikS/kksa dh fuf'pr la[;k gh j[ksaA• tc Qly 5&7 lIrkg dh gks tk,] rks xzflr ruksokys ikS/kksa dks m[kkM+ nsaAvf/kd mit ysus lEcU/kh ladsr&• fefJr ;k ladj eDdk ds cht] [kkn o dhM+sekjnokb;ksa dk cksus ls igys vko';drkuqlkjizcU/k djsaA• ikS/kksa dks mfpr la[;k ds fy, iwjk cht o lghQklyk j[ksaA• ladj eDdk dk cht izfr o"kZ u;k [kjhnukpkfg,A• fefJr fdLe ds eDdk dk cht ysus ds fy, [ksrds chp ls 2&5 gtkj HkqV~Vksa dks ysaA• fefJr fdLe ds eDdk dk cht FkksM+s ls HkqV~Vks a lsdHkh u ysaA• mUur Ñf"k rduhdh iz;ksx es a yk,a vkSj chtkbZ dsfy, eDdk cukus dh e'khu dk iz;ksx djsaA• [kkn dh flQkfj'k dh xbZ ek=k MkysaA• ?kklQwl [ksr esa u jgus nsaA• eDdk Nsnd dhM+ksa dks u"V djus ds fy, mfprdhM+sekj nokbZ dk iz;ksx djsaAgekj xk¡o vizSy & twu 2012 ¼13½


alqcks/k ;knofo"k; oLrq fo'ks"kK ¼i'kqikyu½Ñf"k foKku dsUnz]f'k;kV~l] bykgkckni'kqvkas esa nw/k mRiknu ,oa dk;Z djus dh {kerkckM+uk] xUnkdiM+k] ,d gh LFkku ij ikuh bdV~Bk gksus ,oa pkjkvkfn [kkus ds dkj.k vf/kdrj chekj gks tkrs gS aA blizdkj i'kq ekrk] eq¡gidk&[kqjidk jksx] xyk?kksaVw vkfnjksx i'kq ls nwljs i'kqvksa esa QSy tkrs gSaA'okal }kjk % i'kq esa 'okal [kkalh] tqdke] ukd lscgus okyk inkFkZ vkfn ds ek/;e ls ;s dhVk.kq gok esabdV~Bs gks tkrs gSa vkSj 'okal uyh ysus ij gok }kjkeq¡g] xys] 'okal uyh ,oa ,oa QsQM+ksa esa igq¡p tkrs gSaAekrk] gM+duk] [kjlrk] {k;] bUyw,Utk] tqdke][kkalh] fMQfFkj;k vkfn jksx gks ldrs gSaApeZjksx % tc LoLFk i'kq dh peM+h esa [kjkst] /kko]nkn] QksM+s&QqUlh vkfn gks tkrs gSa] rks dqN dhVk.kqjksxh i'kq es a bu dsUnzks a }kjk 'kjhj esa izos'k dj tkrs gS aAblds mijkUr dqN dhVk.kq rks 'kjhj esa fcuk fdlhizdkj ds peM+h esa ?kko vkfn esa Hkh izos"k dj tkrs gSaAVsVul] ,uFkjsDl ekrk ,oa nwljs {k; jksx vkfn blizdkj ls i'kq ls nwljs i'kqvksa esa QSy ldrs gSaAukfHk }kjk % bl izdkj ds jksx vf/kdrj cPpks a esa Hkh¼ukfHk½ ik;s tkrs gSaA lwMh ds fNnz ls dhVk.kq 'kjhj esaizos'k dj tkrs gSaA VsVul rFkk cNM+s&cfN;ksa esa ukfHkjksx vkfn gks ldrs gSaAFkuksa }kjk % i'kqvksa es a Fkuksa ds fNnz ls Hkh jksx dhVk.kq'kjhj esa izos'k dj tkrs gSaA bl izdkj ds jksx i'kq dsnw/k nsus dh fLFkfr esa gh gksrs gSaA


vk¡[k }kjk % vk¡[kksa }kjk i'kqvks a esa jksx QSy ldrs gSatSls&vk¡[kksa dk jksx rFkk czwlksysfll vkfn jksx blizdkj ,d i'kq ls nwljs i'kq esa QSy ldrs gSaAeSFkqu }kjk % eSFkqu fØ;k ls Hkh jksx ,d i'kq ls nwljsi'kqvksa esa QSy ldrs gSaA ;s jksx uj i'kq ls eknk ,oaeknk i'kq ls uj dks QSy ldrs gSaA mnkgj.k % xHkZikrdh chekfj;kWa ;ksfu rFkk cPpsnkuh dh lwtu vkfnAchekj i'kqvksa dh ns[kHkky dSls djsa \ % i'kq dhLoLFk j[kus ds fy, vko';d gS fd mfpr i'kqizcU/k j[kk tk;sA oSls rks gj i'kq dks jksx Bhd gksusdh 'kfDr vkuqokaf'kdrk esa feyh gksrh gSA ftlls fcukbykt ds jksx Bhd gks tkrk gSA cgrq ls ekeyksa esai;kZIr ns[k&js[k] LokLF; izcU/k] vPNk iks"kd vkgkji'kq dks LoLFk j[kus esa lgk;d gksrk gSA chekj i'kqdh ns[kjs[k ds fy, i'kqikydksa dks dqN ckrksa dk /;kuj[kuk pkfg,A1- i'kq ds ewyHkwr vkSj vof'k"V inkFkksZa ds izcU/k dhi;kZIr O;oLFkk gks] ftlls i'kq dk vkgkj] pkjkvkSj i'kq dks nwf"kr gksus ls cpk;k tk ldsAi'kq'kkyk] xkS'kkyk] ckM+ksa dh vPNh izdkjdhVk.kquk'kd ?kksy ls lkQ djuk pkfg,A2- chekj i'kq ds jgus dk LFkku goknkj gksA Q'kZvf/kd fpduk ugha gksuk pkfg,A ftlls i'kq fQlysughaA3- fcNk;u ls i'kq ds 'kjhj dks xje j[kuk pkfg,A/kku dk iqvky vklkuh ls miyC/k gks tkrk gSA;g chekj i'kq ds fy, vPNk vkSj lLrk jgrk gSA4- chekj i'kq dk vkokl i'kq dh vk;q vkSj fdLe dsvuqlkj gksuk pkfg,A mnkgj.k ds fy, isV esa nnZgS] rks ,sls ckM+ s es a j[kuk pkfg, ftlls i'kq fQlysughaA5- i'kq ds tksM+ksa dks fgykus ds fy, FkksM+k O;k;kedjkuk pkfg,A i'kq dk [kjgjk Hkh djuk pkfg,A6- i'kq dk vkgkj Lokfn"V] lqikP;] iks"kd rFkk FkksM+knLrkoj gksuk pkfg,A7- chekj i'kq dks lkQ] LoPN vkgkj nsuk pkfg, ;fnlEHko gks] rks ikuh dh ukan vyx gksuh pkfg,Aftlls laØked chekjh u QSy ldsA8- Hkkstu vkSj pkjs ds lkFk i'kq vkSj xsgw¡ dh Hkwlh]vylh dk pwjk] tbZ dk pwjk] LVkpZ dk nfy;k]tkS dk ikuh] gjh ?kkl Hkh i'kq dks FkksM+h ek=k esansuk pkfg,A i'kq dks Lokfn"V vkgkj tSls&[kV~Vknw/k] cpk [kkuk ugha nsuk pkfg,Achekj i'kq dh fpfdRlk % i'kq dk lgh fpfdRlk]jksxuk'kd phtsa rFkk iwjd inkFkZ fn;s tkus pkfg,Ami;qDr ckrksa dk /;ku j[kdj chekj i'kq dks 'kh?kzLoLFk djus esa lgk;rk dh tk ldrh gS rFkk chekjhds cqjs izHkko dks jksdk tk ldrk gSAVhdk dk;ZØe lkj.khØ- chekjh dk Vhdk dk uke Vhdk dh Vhdk yxkus Vhdk yxkus izfrjks/kdrkla- uke ek=k dk LFkku dk le;1- [kqjidk ,Q-,e-Mh-ikyh 3 feyh xnZu dh Ropkeq¡gidk cSysUV Vhdk - esa uhps o"kkZ _rq ls iwoZ o"kZ Hkj2- iksdk jksx fjaMj isLV Vhdk 1 feyh- xnZu dh Ropk N% ekg dh mez rhu o"kZesa uhps ij izFke ckj3- xyk?kksaVw ,p-,l- vkSj ch-D;w- 4 feyh- xnZu dh Ropk o"kkZ _rq ls iwoZlfef{kr Vhdk esa uhps ,d o"kZ4- ,UFkzsDl ,UFkzsDl cSDlhu 6&10 feyh- xnZu dh Ropk o"kkZ _rq ls iwoZ ,d o"kZ¼fxYVh jksx½esa uhps5- cwfl;ksyksfll cwfl;ksyksfll 5 feyh- xnZu dh RopklaØked xHkZikr LVªsu 19 esa uhps laØfer ;wFk esa gh rhu o"kZgekj xk¡o vizSy & twu 2012 ¼15½


aMk0 Vh-Mh- feJk]fo"k; oLrq fo'ks"kKÑf"k Kku dsUnz] larjfonkl uxj]Hknksghgekjs ns'k ds T;knkrj fdlku HkkbZ vKkurko'k ;kfQj ukle>h dh otg ls Je vkSj vFkZ nksuksa ghgkfu;ksa dk lkeuk djrs gSaA bl dkj.k mudk Ñf"kO;olk; ds izfr yxko ;k larqf"V dh deh gS] ysfdu,slk ugha gSA ge tkurs gSa fd Hkkjr ,d Ñf"k iz/kkuns'k gSA tgk¡ fd vc Ñf"k O;olk; ds :i es a ns[kk tkjgk gS] rks ,sls esa fdlku Hkkb;ksa es a ek;wlh dSls ?kj djtkrh gSA exj fdlku vius Qly [ksrh ds lkFk lwjudh [ksrh djrs gSa] rks ;g loZfofnr gS lwju dh ek¡xiwjs o"kZ Hkj rFkk ewY;kadu Ñf"k mRikn gSAfofHkUu {ks=ksa esa bls ftehdan] lwju] vksy] lwjudan]dkan ds uke ls tkurs gSaA ijEijkxr :i ls bldkmi;ksx lCth vkSj vpkj ds :i esa fd;k tkrk gSAbls lq[kkdj vkVk rS;kj fd;k tk ldrk gSA ftls xsgwds vkVs ds lkFk feykdj pikfr;ka cukus esa bldkiz;ksx fd;k tk ldrk gSA vkS"k/kh; xq.kksa ds dkj.kcgqr lh vk;qosZfnd nokvksa esa budk iz;ksx gksrk gSAoSKkfudksa us bldh mi;ksfxrk dks /;ku esa j[krs gq,blds fpIl] ikiM+] Hkqft;k] nkyeksB] fQaxj fpIl] cjhtSls [kk| inkFkZ cukus esa lQyrk izkIr dh gS rkfdftlls vke miHkksDrk blds Lokfn"V O;atu dslkFk&lkFk vkS"k/kh; xq.kksa ds ykHk izkIr dj ldsa vkSjfdlkuks a ds mRiknu dh fcØh vklkuh ls gks ldsA ;gQly vf/kd vk; nsus okyh gS vkSj udnh Qly ds:i esa yksdfiz; gksrh tk jgh gS rFkk j[k&j[kko dhleL;k ugha gksrh gSAizks0 ¼Mk0½ ukgj flagfuns'kd izlkjizlkj funs'kky;f'k;kV~l] bykgkckne`nk % vPNs ty fudkl okyh cyqbZ feV~Vh ftlesathoka'k dh ek=k vf/kd gks] vPNh ty/kkj.k {kerkokyh gks] mi;qDr ikbZ xbZ gSA ftl feV~Vh esa vjgjvkSj [kjhQ eDds dh [ksrh gksrh gSA og blds fy, Hkhmi;qDr ikbZ xbZ gSA Ålj Hkwfe ;k ty Hkjko dh Hkwfeblds fy, vuqi;qDr ikbZ xbZ gSAiztkfr;ka % lwju dh nks fdLesa lrjkxkph] dksowjikbZ tkrh gSaA igyh dM+okgV ;qDr nwljh dM+okgVjfgrA dM+okgV ;qDr ns'kh fdLesa lk/kkj.kr% fcukfdlh mUur Qly izcU/k ds yxkbZ tkrh gSA bldsdanksa esa VksaVh dh la[;k vf/kd gksrh gSA xqns dk jaxxqykch yky gksrk gSA dM+okgV jfgr fdLeksa esavkDtsysV dh ek=k cgqr de yxHkx ugha ds cjkcjikbZ tkrh gSA ;s fdLesa xq.k vkSj Lokn esa mRre gksrhgSaA budk cktkj Hkko Hkh vf/kd gksrk gS rFkk iSnkokjHkh vf/kd gksrh gSAoSKkfudksa }kjk Jh inek uked fdLe fodflr dhxbZ gSA buds danksa esa VksVh de vkSj xwns dk jax Øhegksrk gSA blds vfrfjDr vf/kd mit nsus okyhgSnjkcknh fdLe ls xtsUnzk dk p;u fd;k x;k gS] tksvusd vPNs xq.kks a vkSj vf/kd mRiknu {kerk ds dkj.kÑ"kdksa }kjk dkQh mRlkg ls viukbZ tk jgh gSAyxkus dk le; % oSKkfudksa ds }kjk fd;s x;s'kks/k ds vuqlkj flafpr n'kk ds fy, Qjojh ds varls vizSy ds vafre lIrkg rd vkSj vflafpr n'kk esaebZ vkSj twu esa bldh cqokbZ dh tk ldrh gSAgekj xk¡o vizSy & twu 2012 ¼16½


[kkn ,oa moZjd % [ksr dh rS;kjh ds le; 250&300dqUry izfr gs0 lM+h xkscj dh [kkn esa Hkyh izdkjfeyk nsuh pkfg,A 'kks/k ifj.kkeks a ds vuqlkj vf/kdre,oa vkfFkZd :i ls ykHkdkjh mit dh n`f"V ls 500xzke dan vkSj 50 x 50 lseh- yxkus dh nwjh mi;qDrik;h x;hAoSKkfudks a ds }kjk fd;s x;s 'kks/k ds vuqlkj 180 fdxzku=tu]80 fdxzk] QkLQksjl 200 fdxzk- iksVk'k dhek=k izfr gs0 vPNh mit ds fy, mi;qDr ikbZ xbZAcqokbZ ds le; iwjk QkLQksjl rFkk vk/kk iksVk'k dkiz;ksx djuk pkfg,A vk/kk u=tu o pkSFkkbZ iksVk'kteko ds rqjUr ckn iz;ksx djuk pkfg,A ckdh vFkoku=tu rFkk pkSFkkbZ iksVk'k cqokbZ ds 60&70 fnu cknnsrs gSaAO;olkf;d mRiknu % O;olkf;d mRiknu ds fy,500 xzke otu ds dan dks 50 x 50 lseh- dh nwjh ijyxkus ij 200 dqUry cht o 1 fdxzk- otu ds dUnksadks 1 x 1 eh0 dh nwjh ij yxkus ij 100 dqUry chtizfr gs0 dh vko';drk gksrh gSA cM+s dUnksa dks 500xzke ds VqdM+s cukus ds fy, chp ls bl izdkj dkVukpkfg, fd dsUnzh; vadqj dk Hkkx izR;sd VqdM+s esavo'; gks bu VqdM+ksa dk xkscj ds ?kksy esa ;k rwfr;kds 2 izfr'kr ds ?kksy esa 20&25 feuV rd Mqcksdj'kksf/kr dj Nk;k es a lq[kkdj yxkuk pkfg,A yxkus dsckn xsgw a ds Hkwls dh xkaB ;k iqvky ls r`.kkPNu efYpaxdj nsuk pkfg,A ftlls ueh dk laj{k.k vkSj rkiekude djus es a lgk;rk feyrh gS vkSj QqVko vPNk gksrkgSAxM~


Mk0 Vh0 Mh0 feJkfo"k; oLrq fo'ks"kK ¼m|ku½Ñf"k Kku dsUnz]larjfonkl uxj] Hknksghtkikuh iksnhuk vFkok esUFkk lqxfU/kr ikS/kks a dk ,dlewg gS ftlesa esUFkk dh dbZ iztkfr;ka lfEefyr gSaAbu iztkft;ksa dks tkikuh iksnhuk ¼esUFkk vjosfUll½]cxkZeksV iksnhuk ¼esUFkk flVªsVk½] Lih;j feUV ¼esUFkkLikbZdkVk½ LdkWp Lih;jfeUV ¼esUFkk fiijsVk½ dgrsgSA esUFkk dh lHkh iztkfr;ksa ds mi;ksx ,oa igpkufcYdqy fHkUu gSa D;ksafd muesa ik;s tkus okys ?kVd,d nwljh iztkfr ls vyx&vyx gksrs gSaAiztkfr;k¡ %& tkikuh iksnhus dh izeq[k iztkfr;k¡,e0,0,l&1] ,p0okbZ&77 f'kokfyd] fgeky; vkfngSA f'kokfyd iztkfr ,d miq;Dr iztkfr gS] ysfduorZeku es a tkikuh iksnhus dh fgeky;u iztkfr esUFkkWymRiknu rFkk **esUFkky** dh ek=k dh n`f"V ls loZJs"Bekuh tkrh gSAmi;ksx %& bu iztkfr;ksa ds vkolu ls izkIr lqxfU/kr rsy dk mi;ksx fo'o ds fofHkUu m|ksxksa tSls ikuelkyk] lnhZ&[kkalh dh nokbZ;ksa] dUQSD'kujh] lqokl,oa QkekZL;qfVdYl vkfn esa cM+s iSekus ij gksrk gSAfo'o esa esUFkk rsy dh [kq'kcw ,o ?kVdksa ds mi;ksx dhn`f"V ls rhljk LFkku j[krk gSA tcfd izFke o f}rh;LFkku ij Øe'k% oSuhyk ,oa flVªl gSA tkikuh iksnhukdh [ksrh yksdfiz; gS rFkk bls lokZf/kd {ks=Qy esamxk;k tkrk gSAHkwfe ,oa tyok;q %& Tkkikuh iksnhuk eq[; :i lse/;e ls Hkkjh eǹkvksa ¼ftlesa dkcZfud inkFkZ izpqjek=k esa gksa½ tSls cyqbZ] cyqbZ nkseV ,oa gYdh fpduheǹk esa mxk;k tk ldrk gSA Hkkjh ,oa fpduh eǹkvksaizks0 ¼Mk0½ ukgj flagfuns'kd izlkjizlkj funs'kky;f'k;kV~l] bykgkcknes a esUFkk ds ikS/ks dk mfpr fodkl ugha gks ikrkA esUFkkmRrj izns'k dh vkyw mxk;s tkus okyh eǹkvksa esaftudk ih&,p Lrj 6 ls 7-5 rd gksrk gS] ljyrkls mxk;k tkrk gSA ,slh eǹk,¡ ftuesa yEcs le; rdtyHkjko dh lEHkkouk gks] esUFkk dh [ksrh ds mi;qDrugha gSAesUFkk dk ikS/kk Å".k ,oa miks".k tyok;q] tgk¡ ijvis{kkÑr gYds tkM+s ,oa xzh"e _rq xeZ gks] ljyrkls mxk;k tk ldrk gSA eq[; :i ls igkM+h {ks= tgkaij 'khr_rq esa ikyk ,oa cQZ iM+us dh lEHkkouk,¡ gksa]esUFkk dh [ksrh ds fy, mi;qDr ugha gSA D;ksafdtyok;q ds vR;f/kd BaMk gksus ij esUFkk ds ikS/kksa dhifÙk;ksa es a rsy ,oa esUFkk¡y dk la'ys'k.k rFkk ikS/kks a dho`f) de gksrh gSA[ksr dh rS;kjh %& loZizFke feV~Vh iyVus okysgy ;k gSjks ls vkM+k&frjNk ¼Økl½ tqrkbZ djsaAftlls feV~Vh vPNh rjg HkqjHkqjh gks tk,A rnqijkUrvafre tqrkbZ ds le; ij Hkwfe esa 5% ch0,p0lh0ikoMj 25 fd0xzk0 izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls [ksr esafeyk nsaA ftlls Qly dks nhed o vU; chekfj;k¡u yxsA blds mijkUr [ksr dks lery djsaAfctkbZ dh fof/k %& esUFkk dh fctkbZ nks izdkj dhtkrh gS %lh/ks ldlZ ls fctkbZ djuk %& ;g fof/k muifjfLFkfr;ksa ds fy, vf/kd mi;ksxh gS] tgk¡ jch dhQly u yh xbZ gks ;k esUFkk dh [ksrh igyh ckj yhtk jgh gksA bl fof/k esa esUFkk ds ldlZ ¼,d izdkjgekj xk¡o vizSy & twu 2012 ¼18½


adk ruk½ mu LFkkuks a ls izkIr djsa tgk¡ igys ls budh[ksrh gksrh gksA rnqijkUr bu ldlZ dks lh/ks [ksr esa60 ls 75 lseh dh nwjh ij yxk nsaA esUFkk dh fctkbZesa ikS/ks ds e/; dh nwjh j[kuk vR;f/kd egRoiw.kZ gSA;fn fctkbZ tuojh&Qjojh ekg esa dh tk jgh gksrFkk ml [ksr ls rhu dVkbZ;ka yh tkuh gksa] rks ikS/kksa ds e/; dh nwjh vis{kkÑr vf/kd ¼75 lseh rd½ gksldrh gSA ysfdu ;fn fctkbZ nsj ls ¼vizSy&ebZ ekgesa½ dh tk jgh gks rks nwjh de dh tk ldrh gSAD;ksafd /khjs&/khjs ;s ikS/ks ?kus gksuk izkjaHHk gks tkrs gSaAvr% ;fn izkjEHk ls gh i;kZIr nwjh de dh tk ldrhgSA D;ks afd /khjs&/khjs ;s ikS/ks ?kus gksuk izkjaHk gks tkrs gSavr% ;fn izkjEHk ls gh i;kZIr nwjh j[kh tk,] rks vf/kd mRiknu izkIr fd;k tk ldrk gSA fctkbZ ns'kh gyls djuh Js;Ldj gksrh gSA ldZl Hkwfe esa vf/kd xgjsugha tkus pkfg,A bl fof/k ls fctkbZ djus esa izfrgsDVs;j yxHkx 3&4 fDoaVy ldlZ dh vko';drkiM+rh gSA tuojh&Qjojh ekg esa yxk;s x;s ldlZdk teko 2 ls 3 lIrkg es a gksuk 'kq: gks tkrk gSA oSlsbl izfØ;k esa esUFkk dh fctkbZ dk lokZf/kd mi;qDrle; 15 tuojh ls 15 Qjojh ds e/; dk gSAIkkS/k yxkdj fctkbZ djuk %& esUFkk fctkbZ dh;g fof/k mu {ks=ksa ds fy, vf/kd mi;ksxh gSA tgkaigys ls jch dh Qly yh tk jgh gksA bl fof/k esaloZizFke ikS/kks a dh ulZjh rS;kj dh tkrh gSA ,d ,dM+{ks=Qy esa esUFkk yxkus ds fy, yxHkx 500 oxZQhVdh ulZjh i;kZIr jgrh gSA ftlds fy, 100 fd0xzk0esUFkk ldlZ dks NksVs&NksVs VqdM+ks esa ¼izR;sd VqdM+s esade ls de ,d vka[k ¼uksM½ jguh pkfg;s½] dkVdjulZjh esa ikuh ij bu VqdM+ksa dks ulZjh esa fc[ksj fn;ktkrk gSA ulZjh dks >kMw ls ihV nsrs gSa ftlls ulZjhdk ikuh eVeSyk gks tk, rFkk tc ;g ikuh lw[k tk,rc blds Åij xkscj dh lM+h gqbZ [kkn vFkok vU;iyokj vkfn fcNk nh tkrh gSA yxHkx 30&40 fnuesa bl ulZjh esa ikS/ks brus cM+ s tks tkrs gSa fd bUgs cM+s[ksr esa LFkkukUrfjr fd;k tk ldrk gSA ekpZ&vizSyesa ulZjh ds bu ikS/kksa dks cM+s [ksr esa izR;kjksfir djfn;k tkrk gSA bu ikS/kksa dh cM+s [ksr esa jksikbZ /kku dhjksikbZ dh rjg ls gh dh tkrh gSAflapkbZ %& esUFkk dh Qly ?kuh ifÙk;ksa ls ;qDr ,oajlhyh gksus ds dkj.k vf/kd ek=k esa eǹk ,oa iks"kdrRoksa dks vo'kksf"kr djrh gSA blfy, [ksr esa uehcuk;s j[kus ds fy, rFkk ikS/kksa dh lgh c


Qly dh dVkbZ %& ,d ckj yxk nsus ds mijkUresUFkk dh Qly dh lky Hkj esa nks ls rhu rddVkbZ;ka yh tk ldrh gSaA cqokbZ ds yxHkx 120 fnuds ckn ;g Qly dVkbZ ds ;ksX; gks tkrh gSA Qlydh f}rh; dVkbZ izFke dVkbZ ds 70&80 fnu ckn yhtk ldrh gSA Qly ds iw.kZ :i ls id tkus ij ikS/kksa esa Qwy vk tkrs gSa o ifÙk;ka gYdh ihyh iM+ tkrhgSA ifÙk;k¡ Nwus ij l[r ,oa [kj[kjh yxrh gSaA ,slhfLFkfr esa Qly dVus ds fy, rs;kj gks tkrh gSA blrjhds ls dkVh xbZ Qly ds vklou ls izkIr rsy dkjax vis{kkÑr pedhyk gksrk gSA Qly dh dVkbZ dsckn mls 4&5 ?kaVs rd [ksr esa gh iM+ s jgus nsuk pkfg,,slk djus ls Qly dh ifÙk;ksa esa mifLFkr uehlekIr gks tkrh gSA dVkbZ ls 8&10 fnu iwoZ Qlydh flapkbZ can dj nsuh pkfg,A Qly dh dVkbZ dsckn ;fn vklou djus esa nsjh gks jgh gks] rks Qlydks [kqyk ,oa QSys jgus pkfg;s vU;Fkk ifÙk;ks a esa lM+ugks ldrh gSA Qly dh dVkbZ /kkjnkj gk¡fl, lsdjuh pkfg;sA ftlls ikS/kka s ds m[kM+us dk Hk; u jgsAesUFkk dh Qly dks gkfu igq¡pkus okys izeq[kdhV %& esUFkk dh Qly ij dbZ izdkj dh dhViraxksa dks izdksi gks ldrk gSA ftldh le; jgrsjksdFkke vR;ko';d gksrh gS] vU;Fkk ;s Qly dksdkQh uqdlku igaqpk ldrs gSaA bl lanHkZ es a dqN dhVi`”B la0 05&&dk ‘ks”knhft, vkSj pyuh esa vkaoys ds VqdM+s jg tk;sxsa] iwjhrjg ls vkaoys ls 'kjcr fudy tk;s] rc buVqdM+ksa dks Fkkyh esa Mkydj /kwi esa lq[kk yhft,A& bu lw[ks gq, vkaoys ds VqdM+ksa esa phuh dk ikmMjfeykb;sA yhft, ;s vkaoyk dSUMh rS;kj gks xbZ gS];g dSUMh vki dUVsuj es a Hkjdj j[k yhft, vkSjjkstkuk 6&7 VqdM+s [kkb;s] ;g Lokn esa rks vPNhgS gh vkidh lsgr ds fy, cM+h Qk;nseUn gS Aelkysnkj vkaoyk dSUMh& vkaoyk dSUMh dks elkysnkj cukus ds fy, vkilw[kh dSUMh esa filh gqbZ phuh ds lkFk ,d NksVhpEep dkyk ued] vk/kk NksVh pEep dkyh fepZikmMj vkSj vk/kk NksVh pEep vepwj ikmMjdks esUFkk dh Qly dks gkfu igqapk ldrs gS] muesaizeq[k gS % lsehyqij lq.Mh] ekgw dhV] lQsn eD[kh]iRrh yisVus okyk dhV vkfnA buds vfrfjDr tM+ksdk /kqu Hkh esUFkk dh ,d izeq[k chekjh gSaA ftlesa bldhV dk ykjok tM+ksa rFkk ldlZ dks [kkrk gS rFkkikS/ks lw[krs fn[kkbZ iM+rs gS vFkok NksVs jg tkrs gSaAblds cpko ds fy, 10% ,fYMªu ikmMj 10 fdxzk izfrgSDVs;j dh nj ls iksnhus ds drkjksa esa Mky nsukpkfg,AesUFkk ds iRrksa ls rsy dk mRiknu %& esUFkk dhifÙk;ksa dh dVkbZ ds mijkar rsy fudkyus ds fy,mudk vklou fd;k tkrk gSA vklou ls fy, ok"ivklou fof/k mi;qDr ekuk tkrk gS] ysfdu O;ogkfjdvk/kkj ij 90 izfr'kr Ñ"kd ty ok"i vkolu i)frls gh esUFkk dk vkolu djrs gSA bldk eq[; dkj.k;g Hkh gS fd ty ok"i vkolu i)fr lLrh ,oafdlkuksa es a vf/kd yksdfiz; gSA ijaijkxr ,oa lk/kkj.ktyok"i vkolu i)fr }kjk ifÙk;ksa ls vkSlru 0-6izfr'kr rsy izkIr fd;k tkrk ldrk gS vkSj Ñ"kd bli)fr dks ilan Hkh djrs gSaA bl fof/k ls vkoludjus ds fy, bdkbZ dks pykus ds fy, T;knk bZ/kudh vko';drk ugha iM+rhA D;ksafd rsy fudyus dsckn cph gqbZ [kkl dks gh lq[kkdj bZ/ku ds :i esaiz;qDr dj fy;k tkrk gSAfeykb;sA ftUgs a ,dne ehBk ilUn ugha gks] rks ospViVh vkaoyk dSUMh [kk ldrs gSaA& vkaoys dk 'kcZr vkaoys ls fudyk ehBs 'kjcr dksvki xk


aiq"isUnz ljkstfo"k; oLrq fo'ks"kKd`f"k foKku dsUnz;pqyh] v#.kkpy izns'kfouksn dqekjd`f"k vFkZ'kkL= foHkkxf'k;kV~l bykgkcknvf[kys'k dqekjvuqokaf'kdh ,oa ikni iztuu foHkkxf'k;kV~l bykgkckn1- mUur'khy iztkfr;k %& Vk&4] Vk&12] Vk&13]Vk&78] 'ks[kj izxfr] r:.kaA2- cht nj rFkk 'kks/ku %& 1 gsDVs;j {ks= ds fy,3 ls 4 fdxzk0 cht dk iz;ksx djsaA cht tfur jksxksals cpko gsrq 2-50 xzke Fkhje ;k dSIVku izfr fdxzk0cht nj ls 'kks/ku gsrq iz;ksx djsA3- cqokbZ dk le; ,oa fof/k %& cqvkbZ gsrq tqykbZdk nwljk lIrkg mi;qDr gSA blls iwoZ cqokbZ djus lsQkbyksMh jksx yxus dk Hk; jgrk gSA bldh cqokbZgy ds ihNs ykbuksa esa 35 ls 40 lseh0 dh nwjh ijdjsaA cht dks de xgjkbZ ij cks;saA4- larqfyr moZjdks dk iz;ksx %& moZjdks dkiz;ksx Hkwfe ijh{k.k ds vk/kkj ij djsaA ;fn ijh{k.k udjk;k x;k gks rks 30 fdxzk0 u=tu rFkk 15 fdxzkQkLQksjl rFkk 25 fdxzk0 xa/kd izfr gsDVs;j dh njls iz;ksx djsaA jkd.k rFkk ewM+ Hkwfe esa 15 fdxzk0iksVk'k izfr gsDVs;j dk iz;ksx djsaA u=tu dh vk/khek=k ,oa QkLQksjl] iksVk'k rFkk xa/kd ds iwjh ek=kcqokbZ ds le; csly Mªsflax ds :Ik esa rFkk u=tu dh'ks"k vk/kh ek=k izFke fujkbZ&xqM+kbZ ds le; iz;ksxdjs aA5- fujkbZ&xqM+kbZ %& izFke fujkbZ&xqM+kbZ cqokbZ ds15 ls 20 fnukas ckn nwljh fujkbZ&xqM+kbZ 30 ls 35 fnuksckn djsaA fujkbZ&xqM+kbZ djrs le; ikS/kksa dh fFkfuaxdjds mudh vkil dh nwjh 10 ls 12 lseh0 dj ysaA,ykDyksj 50 bZ0 lh0 1-20 yhVj izfr gsDVs;j cqokbZds 3 fnu vUnj iz;ksx djus ls [kjirokjksa dkfu;a=.k gks tkrk gSA6- flpkbZ %& tc ikS/kks a es a 45 ls 55 izfr'kr rd Qyyx tk; vkSj ml le; o"kkZ u gks rks ,d flapkbZdjuk pkfg,Agekj xk¡o vizSy & twu 2012 ¼21½


aQly lqj{kk & dhV %&1- iRrh yisVd o Qyhcs/kd&igpku& bldh lwfM;ka dksey ifRr;ksa rFkk Qfy;ksadks [kkrh gSa ,oa bUgsa tkyk cukdj cka/k nsrh gSAmipkj & bl dhVks a dh jksdFkke ds fy, fuEu esa lsdksbZ ,d dhVuk'kd cqjdko vFkok fNM+dko djukpkfg,AD;wukyQkl 25 bZ0 lh0 1-5 yhVj izfr gsDVs;j ;kfeFkkby iSjkfFk;ku 2 izfr'kr pw.kZ 25 fdxzk0 izfrgsDVs;jjksx &2- fry dk QkbyksMh &Ikgpku& ;g jksx ekbdksIykTek }kjk gksrk gSA bljksx esa ikS/kks a dk iq"Ik dk foU;kl ifRr;ks a dh fod`r :Ikesa cnydj xqPNsankj gks tkrk gSA bl jksx dk okgddh Qqndk gSAmipkj&• fry dh cqokbZ le; ls igys u dh tk;A• cqokbZ ds le; QqaM esa QksjsV 10 th0 izfrfdxzk0 izfr gsDVs;j dh nj ls iz;ksx fd;ktk;A• feFkkby&vks&fMesVku 25 bZ0 lh0 1 yhVj izfrgsDVs;j dh nj ls fNM+dko djuk pkfg,AQkbVksFkksjk >qylk %&igpku %& bl jksx esa ikS/kks a ds dksey Hkkx o ifRr;ka>qyl tkrh gSAmipkj %& bldh jksdFkke gsrq 3 fdxzk0 dkijvkDlhDyksjkbM+ ;k 2-5 fdxzk0 eSdkstsc izfr gsDVs;jdh nj ls vko";drkuqlkj fNM+dko nks&rhu ckjdjuk pkfg,Ai`”B la0 06&&dk ‘ks”keas LVkseSVks ds }kjk vkstksu ¼O 3½ izos'k dj tkrh gS Alg ifRr;ksa dks gkfu igqapkrh gSA ftlls ikS/kksa dhmRiknu {kerk es a deh vkSj mudh xq.koRrk ?kVrh gSAdSyhQksfuZ;k ¼;w0 ,l0 ,0½ esa ÝwV vkSj osftVscy dhmRiknu {kerk es iznw"k.k ds dkj.k vaxwj dk Hkhvf/kd mRiknu ugha gks ik jgk gSAvkstksu vkSj vU; vkDlhdkjd tSls ij vkWDlh,lhVkbyukbVªsV vkSj gkbMªkstu ij vkDlkbM dk fuekZ.k NO 2o gkbMªksdkcZu ds chp gYdh Lora= fdz;k }kjk gksrkgSA vkstksu esa deh dk eq[; dkjd gS ßDyksjhu xSlÞDyksjhu Hkkjh gksus ds dkj.k lerki e.My dh ÅapkbZrd ugh igqap ikrh] tgkWa vkstksu ijr fo|eku gSA?kjsyw o lkewfgd jlk;uksa ls mRiUu Dyksjhu xSlfupys ok;qe.My esa fo?kfVr gks o"kkZ esa cg tkrh gSAdbZ ,sls LFkkbZ o gYds jlk;u Hkh gS] tks ok"i'khyLoHkko ds gksrs gS ,oa fo?kfVr gksdj Dyksjhu dkfuekZ.k djrs gS aA bUgsa vkstksu fMfIyfVax lClVsal ¼vks0Mh0 ,l0½ dgrs gSaADyksjks&Q~yksjks dkcZu] dkcZu VsVªk DyksjkbM] feFkk;yDyksjksQkeZ] vkSj gkbMªks Dyksjks & Q~Ykksjks dkcZu vkfndqN ,sls vkstksu {k;dkjd inkFkZ gSa] ftuesa Dyksjhugksrh gSADyksjks&Q~yksjks dkcZu lokZf/kd fouk'kdkjh fl) gqbZA,d Dyksjhu ,Ve yxHkx 100]000 vkstksu ekWfyD;wyksdks rksM+dj ogka ls gVk nsrk gSA xzhu gkÅl xSl dsyxkrkj o`f) ls Hkh vkstksu ek=k ?kVrh gSAgekj xk¡o vizSy & twu 2012 ¼22½


aMkW- fcik'kk MsfoM,l- ,e- ,l- eRL; ikyuÑf"k foKku dsUnz] f'k;kV~l] bykgkcknns’k dh c


'kq: dj nsrh gSA ;g Bgjs ikuh ds rkykc esa v.Msugha nsrh gS ijUrq ca/kksa ds lhfer ty esa iztuu djldrh gSA2- jksgw ¼ysfc;ks jksfgrks½cká; vkdkj rFkk igpku %& jksgw dk 'kjhjlkekU; :i ls yEck isV dh vis{kk ihB vf/kd mHkjkgqvk] eqag NksVk] ukykdkj rFkk FkwFkqu uhps dh vksj>qdk gqvk gksrk gSA bl ij lkekU;r ,d tksM+h NksVsLi'kkZ gksrs gSA bldk gks aB uhps ls cM+k o fudyk gqvkrFkk >kyjnkj gksrk gSA vka[ks cM+h rFkk flj uqdhykgksrk gSA 'kjhj uhfyek fy, gq, dHkh&dHkh ihNs lsyky jax dk gksrk gSA nwj ,d LdsYl ij yky fu'kkuds dkj.k eNyh yykbZ fy, gq, lQsn vkSjvka[s ykfyek fy, gq, gksrh gSAjgu lgu %& ;g ikuh ds chp dh ijr esa Hkkstuxzg.k djrh gSA ijUrq lqjaxnkj eq[;kÑfr ds dkj.kry ds mFkys ty {ks= esa Hkh Hkkstu xzg.k djrh gSAbl eNyh dks lcls Lokfn"V eNyh ekuk tkrk gSAjksgw eNyh ds izeq[k vkgkj tUrq Iykod ,oa ikniIykodAthoudky ,oa vf/kdre otu %& jksgw dhvf/kdre yEckbZ 1 ehVj rd gksrh gSA bldh o`f)nj Hkkdqj ls FkksM+h de gksrh gSA bldk iztuu dkytwu ls flrEcj rd gksrkA ;g eNyh f}rh; o"kZ esaiztuu ds ;ksX; gks tkrh gSA ;s fLFkj ty esa v.Msugha nsrhA ;s unh ds mFkys fdukjks a ij v.Ms nsrh gSAi`”B la0 08&&dk ‘ks”klkexzh dks vPNh rjg ls ikuh esa /kqydj rFkk vPNhrjg idkdj cukuk pkfg, rHkh Hkkstu LokLFk;o/kZdvkSj thok.kq jfgr gks ik;sxkAe/;kUg vkgkj tgka cu jgk gks] oks LFkku o dejklkQ lqFkjk gksuk pkfg,A f'k{kdks a dks pkfg, fd oks mlLFkku dks lcls igys le; le; ij mldh iqrkbZ]lQkbZ djokrs jguk pkfg,A ftlds ifj.kkeLo:imlesa fdlh ckgjh tkuojksa Hkh ugha vk ik;sxk rFkktkuojksa ds Hkkstu esa fxjus tSlh ?kVUkkvks a ls NqVdkjkik;k tk ldrk gSA,d o"kZ ds var es a bldh yEckbZ 30&40 lseh- o otu600&800 xzke gks tkrk gSA f}rh; o"kZ ds var es a otu2&3 fdxzk o r`rh; o"kZ ds var esa otu 4&5 fdxzkgks tkrk gSA3- uSu@e`xy ¼fljfgul e`xyk½cká; vkdkj ,oa igpku %& 'kjhj lk/kkj.kr%Njgjk] isV dh vis{kk ihB gYdk mHkjk gqvkA eqagpiVk o FkwFku ds uhps fLFkr jgrk gSA flj NksVk o'kjhj yEck gksrk gSA gks aB irys ,oa NksVs gksrs gSA FkwFkuij ,d tksM+h Li'kkZ gksrs gSA bldk jax pkanh ds lekurFkk dHkh dHkh rkez jax fy, gq, vkSj vka[ks lqugjhgksrh gSA va'k ia[k JkS.kh ;k v/kj ia[k ;k xqnk ia[kks dkjax gYdk ukjaxh ftles a dkys jax dh >yd gksrh gSAjgu lgu %& uSu ikuh ds uhpys fgLls ls Hkkstuysrh gSA ftles a izk.kh o vU; inkFkhZ dh deh jgrh gSAbldk eq[; vkgkj dkbZ] lM+h ouLifr o dhpM+ gSAbldk f'k'kq 'kq: esa izk.kh Iykod [kkrh gS] ysfdu izkS


fufe'kk 'ksfjy flag],e-,l-lh-] [kk| ,oa iks"k.k foHkkxbfFkfy.M Ldwy vkWQ gkse lkablf'k;kV~l] bykgkcknfHk.Mh iwjs Hkkjr o"kZ es a mxk;h tkus okyh lCth dhQly gSA eq[; :i ls fHk.Mh dk iz;ksx rjdkjh cukuses a rFkk blds vfrfjDr bldh ifRr;ksa tM+ks a dk iz;ksxvkS"kf/k cukus ds :i esa Hkh fd;k tkrk gSA fHk.Mh dsM.By dks dqpy dj xqM+ o 'kDdj dks lkQ djusds fy, ,d ylylk ?kksy rS;kj fd;k tkrk gSAfHk.Mh dks eSnkuh {ks=ksa esa o"kZ esa nks ckj lQyrk dslkFk mxk;k tkrk gSAtyok;q % fHk.Mh xeZ ekSle dh Qly gSA yxkrkjo"kkZ Hkh bl Qly ds fy, gkfudkjd gSA fHk.Mh dschtksa ds mfpr teko ds fy, 25&35 fMxzh lsUVhxszMrkiØe dh vko';drk gksrh gSA 17 fMxzh ls derkiØe ij chtksa dk teko ugha gksrk gSA vxj fnudk rkiØe 42 fMxzh lsUVhxzsM ls vf/kd gks tkrk gS]rks fHk.Mh ds Qwy Hkh >M+dj fxjus yxrs gSaA ftldsdkj.k mit esa Hkkjh deh vk tkrh gSAHkwfe % fHk.Mh dh [ksrh lHkh izdkj dh Hkwfe;ksa esa dhtk ldrh gSA Hkkjh eǹk esa bldh [ksrh djus ds fy,gesa mfpr ty fudkl dh O;oLFkk djuh pkfg,AvPNh iSnkokj ysus ds fy, vPNs ty fudkl okyhnkseV eǹk esa blds fy, mRre gSA ftldk ih-,peku6&7 ds cht gksAmUur iztkfr;ka % vktkn fHk.Mh&1] ijHkuh ØkfUr]oh-vkj-vks-&6] o"kkZ migkj] iwlk ,&4] iatkc in~euh]vdkZ vHk; vkfnAHkwfe dh rS;kjh % loZizFke ,d ckj [ksr dh feV~Vhizks0 ¼Mk0½ ukgj flagfuns'kd izlkjizlkj funs'kky;f'k;kV~l] bykgkckniyV gy ls tqrkbZ djuh pkfg, vkSj fQj mlds2&3 ckj gSjks ;k ns'kh gy ls tqrkbZ djds [ksr es a ikVkyxkdj mls lery o HkqjHkqjk cuk ysuk pkfg,Acht dh ek=k %xzh"e dkyhu Qly & 18&20 fdxzk0@gSDVs;jAo"kkZ dkyhu Qly & 14&16 fdxzk0@gSDVs;jAcht dh cqvkbZ % xzh"e dkyhu vxsrh Qly dsfy, gesa cht dh cqvkbZ 15 Qjojh] ls ekpZ ds nwljslIrkg rFkk o"kkZdkyhu Qly gsrq tqykbZ ekg rdvo'; dj nsuh pkfg,A cht dks gesa 2-5 lseh- dhxgjkbZ ij cksuk pkfg,] lkFk es a gh [ksr esa i;kZIr uehgksuk cgqr vko';d gSA [ksr dks VqdM+ksa esa ckaV dj10&15 fnu ds vUrjky ls cqvkbZ djus ls gesayxkrkj Qy izkIr gksrs jgrs gSaA ftlls mUgsa cktkjesa cspus esa vklkuh jgrh gSAchtksipkj % xzh"e dkyhu Qly ds fy, cht dkscqvkbZ ls igys 15&20 ?k.Vs rd lkQ ikuh esa fHkxksrsgSA fQj mlesa ls gYds o dVs gq, cht] tks ikuh esasrSjus yxrs gS aA mUgs a fudky dj vyx dj nsrs gSa rFkk'ks"k ikuh esa uhps cSBs chtksa dks fudkydj Nk;knkjLFkku esa 1&3 ?k.Vs lq[kkrs gSaA rRi'pkr chtksa dks 2xzke osofLVu ;k 2 xzke Fkhje izfr fdyks cht dh njls mipkfjr djrs gSaAcht cksus dh nwjh % xzh"e dkyhu Qly ds fy,30x20] 45x20] lseh- dh nwjh ij cht dks cksrs gSaA[kkn ,oa moZjd % [ksr esa 1 eghusa igys 20 Vugekj xk¡o vizSy & twu 2012 ¼25½


lM+h gqbZ xkscj dh [kkn feyk ysuk pkfg, vkSj moZjdks adh ek=k eǹk ds ijh{k.k ds vk/kkj ij nsuh pkfg,Avxj fdlh dkj.ko'k eǹk ijh{k.k ugha gks ik;k gS] rksge ukbVªkstu % QkLQksjl % iksVk'k] 60 % 30 % 30fdxzk- izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls iz;ksx djrs gSaA ftlesafd ukbVªkstu dh vk/kh ek=k vkSj QkLQksjl o iksVk'kdh lEiw.kZ ek=k cqvkbZ djrs le; nsrs gSaA 'ks"k cphukbVªkstu dh ek=k dks 35&40 fnu ckn [kM+h Qlyesa VkiMªsflax }kjk nsrs gSaAflapkbZ % xzh"e dkyhu fHk.Mh dh Qly esa gesalIrkg esa ,d ckj flapkbZ vo'; djuh pkfg,A vxjge flapkbZ esa nsjh djrs gSa] rks Qfy;ka l[r gks tkrhgSaA ftlls mudk cktkj ewY; de gks tkrk gSA[kjirokj fu;a=.k % fHk.Mh dh Qly esa [kjirokjls cgqr vf/kd uqdlku gksrk gS vkSj ge csgrj[kjirokj fu;a=.k ls gksus okys uqdlku dks cpkldrs gSaA fHk.Mh dh Qly dks eq[;r% cqvkbZ ds30&40 fnu ckn rd [kjirokjksa ls vf/kd gkfu gksrhgSA ftlds fy, ge 1&2 fudkbZ djrs gS a rFkk jklk;fud[kjirokj fu;U=.k ds fy, ge cklkyhu 48 bZlh-@1-5 fdxzk- izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls cqvkbZ ds iwoZvFkok yklks 2 ¼50 bZlh½ fdxzk- izfr gSDVs;j dh njls cqvkbZ ds 1&2 fnu ds vUnj iz;ksx djrs gSaAQfy;ksa dh rqM+kbZ % fHk.Mh ds dsoy eqyk;eQfy;ksa dks rksM+uk pkfg,A igyh rqM+kbZ Qwy f[kyusds 5&6 fnu ckn dj ysuh pkfg, vkSj ckn dh rqM+kbZ3&4 fnu ds vUrj ij djuh pkfg,A dsoy mUghaQfy;ks a dks rksM+uk pkfg, ftuds fljs gYdk lk eksM+usij gh VwV tk;saA fHk.Mh vxj isM+ ij T;knk fnu rdyxh jgrh gS rks mlesa js'ks iM+ tkrs gS a] ftlls fHk.MhdM+h gks tkrh gS vkSj lCth cukus yk;d ugha jgrhgSAmit % fHk.Mh dh mit ekSle LFkku fdLe vkSjQfy;ksa dh rqM+kbZ ds Åij fuHkZj djrh gSA lkekU;r%xzh"e dkyhu fHk.Mh ls 50&60 dqUry izfr gSDVs;jdh mit fey tkrh gSAfoi.ku % Qfy;ksa dh rqM+kbZ ds ckn mles a ls {kfrxzLrl[r rFkk dhVksa }kjk [kkbZ xbZ] Nsn;qDr Qfy;ksa dksvyx dj ysuk pkfg,A cktkj esa dsoy LoLF; oeqyk;e Qfy;ka Hkstuh pkfg,A ftlls fd mudkcktkj ewY; vPNk feyrk gSA vxj vkids ikl ;krk;krdk lk/ku vPNk gS] rks fHk.Mh dks jkr ;k tYnh lqcgcktkj esa Hkstuk pkfg,AHk.Mkj.k % Rkkth rksM+h x;h fHk.Mh dks ge 7&9 fMxzhlsUVhxs zM rkieku rFkk 75 izfr'kr vkisf{kd vknz Zrk ijdqN fnuks a ds fy, fcuk dksbZ jaxghu ds Hk.Mkfjr djldrs gSaAi`”B la0 09&&dk ‘ks”k5- vkaoyk esa ik;k tkus okyk Hkjiwj foVkfeu lh'kjhj dh izfrjks/kd {kerk c


sMkW jes'k ik.Ms;lg izk/;kidlqanjslu Ldwy vkWQ ,fueyglcSaMªh ,aM Ms;fjax]f'k;kV~l] bykgkcknMkW uhjtizk/;kidlqanjslu Ldwy vkWQ ,fueyglcSaMªh ,aM Ms;fjax]f'k;kV~l] bykgkcknMkW ,l- gjcVZvf/k"Bkrklqanjslu Ldwy vkWQ ,fueyglcSaMªh ,aM Ms;fjax]f'k;kV~l] bykgkcknxzh"edky esa uotkr i'kqvksa ,oa nq/kk:i'kqvksa dh ns[kHkky dk vkSfpR; %&csgn xeZ ekSle es a] tc okrkoj.k dk rkieku 42&48fMxzh lsfYl;l rd igq ap tkrk gS vkSj xeZ yw ds FkisM+pyus yxrs gS] rks i'kq ncko dh fLFkfr esa vk tkrsgSA bl ncko dh fLFkfr dk i'kqvksa dh ikpu iz.kkyhvkSj nw/k mRiknu {kerk ij mYVk izHkko iM+rk gSA blekSle esa uotkr i'kqvksa dh ns[kHkky esa viuk;h x;hrfud lh Hkh vlko/kkuh mudh Hkfo"; dh 'kkjhfjdo`f)] LokLFk;] jksx izfrjks/kh {kerk vkSj mRiknu {kerkij LFkk;h dqizHkko Mky ldrh gSA xehZ ds ekSle esa/;ku u nsus ij i'kq ds lw[kk pkjk [kkus dh ek=k esa10&30 izfr'kr vkSj nw/k mRiknu {kerk es a 10 izfr'krrd dh deh vk ldrh gSA lkFk gh lkFk xehZ dsdkj.k iSnk gq, vkDlhdj.k ruko dh otg ls i'kqvksadh chekfj;ksa ls yM+us dh van:uh {kerk ij cqjk vljiM+rk gS vkSj vkxs vkus okys cjlkr ds ekSle esa osfofHkUu chekfj;ksa ds f'kdkj gks tkrs gSAxzh"edky esa uotkr i'kqvksa dh ns[kHkky dsmik;%&lh/ks rst /kwi vkSj yw ls uotkr i'kqvksa dks cpkus dsfy, uotkr i'kqvksa dks j[ks tkus okys i'kq vkokl dslkeus dh vksj [kl ;k twV ds cksjs dk inkZ yVdknsuk pkfg;sAuotkr cPps ds tUe ds rqjar ckn mldh ukd vkSjeqag ls lkjk E;wdl vFkkZr~ ys>k cs>k ckgj fudkynsuk pkfg;sA ;fn cPps dks lkal ysus es a vf/kd fnDdrgks] rks mlds eqag ls eqag yxk dj 'olu izfØ;k dksBhd ls dke djus esa lgk;rk igqapkuh pkfg;sAuotkr cNM+s dk ukfHk mipkj djus ds rgr mldhukfHkuky dks 'kjhj ls vk/kk bap NksM+ dj lkQ /kkxs lsdl dj cka/k nsuk pkfg;sA ca/ks LFkku ds Bhd uhpsukfHkuky dks fLizV ls lkQ djus ds ckn u;s vkSjfLizV dh enn ls dhVk.kq jfgr fd;s gq, CysM dhenn ls dkV nsuk pkfg;sA dVs gq, LFkku ij [kwucguk jksdus ds fy, fVaDpj vk;ksMhu nok yxk nsuhpkfg;sA uotkr cNM+s dks tUe ds vk/ks ?kaVs ds Hkhrjeka ds v;u dk igyk lzko] ftls [khl dgrs gSfiykuk csgn t:jh gksrk gSA ;g [khl cPps ds Hkhrjchekfj;ksa ls yM+us dh {kerk ds fodkl vkSj igyhVêh ds fu"dklu esa enn djrk gSAdHkh ;fn nqHkkZX;o'k cPps dh eka dh tUe nsus ds ckne`R;q gks tkrh gS] rks Ñf=e [khl dk iz;ksx Hkh fd;ktk ldrk gSA bls cukus ds fy, ,d vaMs dks HkyhHkkafrQsaVus ds ckn 300 feyh- ikuh esa feyk nsrs gSA blfeJ.k esa 1@2 NksVk pEep jsaMh dk rsy vkSj 600feyh- lEiw.kZ nw/k feyk nsrs gSA bl feJ.k dks ,dfnu esa 3 ckj dh nj ls 3&4 fnuksa rd fiykukpkfg;sAblds ckn ;fn laHko gks] rks uotkr cNM+s@cfN;kdk otu rFkk uki tks[k dj ys vkSj lkFk gh ;g Hkh/;ku ns a fd dgha cPps es a dksbZ vlkekU;rk rks ugha gSAblds ckn cNM+sa@cfN;k ds dku esa mldh igpkudk uacj Mky nsaAgekj xk¡o vizSy & twu 2012 ¼27½


xehZ ds cqjs vlj ls nq/kk: i'kqvksa dks cpkusgsrq egRoiw.kZ mik; %&& lh/ks rst /kwi vkSj yw ls i'kqvksa dks cpkus ds fy,i'kq'kkyk ds eq[; n~okj ij [kl ;k twV ds cksjsdk inkZ yxkuk pkfg;sA& lgu ds vkl ikl Nk;knkj o`{kksa dh ekStwnxhi'kq'kkyk ds rkieku dks de j[kus esa lgk;dgksrh gSA& i'kqvksa dks Nk;knkj LFkku ij cka/kuk pkfg;sA& i;kZIr ek=k esa lkQ lqFkjk rktk ihus dk ikuhges'kk miyC/k gksuk pkfg;sA& ihus ds ikuh dks Nk;k esa j[kuk pkfg;sA& i'kqvksa ls nw/k fudkyus ds ckn mUgsa ;fn laHko gkslds] rks BaMk ikuh fiykuk pkfg;sA& xehZ es a 3&4 ckj i'kqvks a dks vo'; rktk BaMk ikuhfiykuk pkfg;sA& HkSalksa dks xehZ esa 3&4 ckj vkSj xk;ksa dks de lsde 2 ckj ugykuk pkfg;sA& xk;] HkSal dh lgu dh Nr ;fn ,LcsLVl ;kdaØhV dh gS] rks mlds Åij 4&6 bap eksVh ?kklQwl dh rg yck nsus ls i'kqvksa dks xehZ ls dkQhvkjke feyrk gSA& i'kqvksa dks fu;fer :i ls [kqjSjk djuk pkfg;sA[kkus ihus dh ukan dks fu;fer varjky ij pwukdyh djrs jguk pkfg,A& jlksbZ dh twBu vkSj cklh [kkuk i'kqvksa dks drbZugha f[kykuk pkfg,A& dkcks ZgkbMªsV dh vf/kdrk okys [kkn~; inkFkZ tSls%vkVk] jksVh] pkoy vkfn i'kqvksa dks ugha f[kykukpkfg,A& i'kqvksa ds larqfyr vkgkj esa nkuk ,oa pkjs dkvuqikr 40 vkSj 60 dk j[kuk pkfg;sA lkFk ghO;Ld i'kqvksa dks jkstkuk 50&60 xzke [kfutfeJ.k vkSj 20 xzke ued rFkk NksVs cPpksa dks10&15 xzke [kfut feJ.k t:j nsuk pkfg;sA& xfeZ;ksa ds ekSle esa iSnk dh x;h Tokj es a tgjhykinkFkZ gks ldrk gS] tks i'kqvks a ds fy, gkfudkjdgksrk gSA vr% bl ekSle esa ;fn ckfj'k ugha gqbZgS] rks Toj f[kykus ds igys [ksr es a 2&3 ckj ikuhyxkus ds ckn gh Tokj pjh f[kykuk pkfg,A& i'kqvksa dk bl ekSle esa xyk?kks aVw] [kqjidk ea qgidk]yaxM+h cq[kkj vkfn chekfj;ksa ls cpkus ds fy,Vhdkdj.k t:j djkuk pkfg;sA ftlls os vkxsvkus okyh cjlkr esa bu chekfj;ksa ls cps jgsaAgs esjs fiz; Hkkb;ksa] /kks[kk u [kkvksD;ksafd gj ,d vPNk ojnku vkSj gj ,d mRre nku Åij gh ls gS] vkSj T;ksfr;ksa dsfirk dh vksj ls feyrk gS] ftlesa u rks dksbZ ifjorZu gks ldrk gS] vkSj u vny cnyds dkj.k ml ij Nk;k iM+rh gSA ml us viuh gh bPNk ls gesa lR; ds opu ds }kjkmRiUu fd;k] rkfd ge mldh l`f"V dh gqbZ oLrqvksa esa ls ,d izdkj ds izFke Qy gksaAAgs esjs fiz; Hkkb;ksa ;s ckr rqe tkurs gks % blfy, gj ,d euq"; lquus ds fy, rRijvkSj cksyus esa /khjk vkSj Øks/k esa /khek gksA D;ksafd euq"; dk Øks/k ijes'oj ds /keZ dkfuokZg ugha dj ldrk gSA blfy, lkjh efyurk vkSj cSj Hkko dh c


vtc flag,e0,l0lh0 Ñf"k¼dhV foKku½f'k;kV~l] bykgkcknMkW0 vfHkyk"kk ,0 ykyvflLVsUV izksQsljikni laj{k.k foHkkxf'k;kV~l] bykgkcknMkW ih0 vkuUnhvflLVsUV izksQsljikni laj{k.k foHkkxf'k;kV~l] bykgkckn]Hkkjr esa puk fofHkUu eǹkvks a rFkk Ñf"k&tyok;qoh;ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa mxk;k tkrk gSA jktLFkku] e/;izns'k]mRrj izns'k vkSj gfj;k.kk eq[; puk mRiknd jkT;gSA tcfd pus ds dqy {ks=Qy dk 80 izfr'kr rFkkHkkjr ds dqy puk mRiknu dk 84 izfr'kr Hkkx bujkT;ksa ls mRikfnr gksrk gSA puk izksVhu dk eq[;L=ksr gSAflapkbZ rFkk puk izHkqRo {ks=ksa ds dkj.k puk vf/kdmi;ksxh Qlyksa tSls xsgw¡] lwjteq[kh] vylh] ljlksavkfn dh eq[; Js.kh esa vk pqdk gSA pus dk dqymRiknu {ks= ?kV jgk gS rFkk blds miHkksx dh ekaxc


okyh gkfu dh jksdFkke ds fy, mit dks dUVsujesa laxzg djus ls igys iw.kZ :i ls lq[kk ysuk pkfgtc rd fd mlesa ueh dh ek=k 10 izfr'kr ukjg tk;Abykgkckn {ks= esa vf/kd mit gsrq fodflrmi;qDr fdLeiwlk 372&bykgkckn {ks= gsrqtSfod vkSj tSo&dhVuk'kd fu;U=.k && NPV ¼U;wfDyvj ikWyh gsMªksfll ok;jl½ dkfNM+dko Qyh cs/kd dk izHkkoh fu;U=.k djrk gSA& LFkkfud ij&ijiks'kh rrs;s ;k cjksZa dk laj{k.k]Qyh cs/kd dh izFkr rFkk f}rh; voLFkk ds uk'kdk eq[; dkjd gSA& tSo&dhVuk'kd ds lkFk cht mipkj Gliacladiumvirens, Trichoderma viridae vkSj Trichodermaharzianum dh 2-5 xzk0@fdxzk cht ds lkFkBavistin dh 1-5 xzk0@fdxzk cht] eǹw lM+u]vkSj lw[kk tM+ lM+u] eqj>ku ds dj.k cht uk'kvkfn dks [kRe djus esa leFkZ gSA& cht Hk.Mkj.k ds le; cwzfpM ls cpko ds fy,'kkdh; rsy rFkk lw[kh uhe dh ifÙk;ksa }kjkcht&vkoj.k dj nsuk pkfg,A& vxyh _rq ds mn~ns'; ls Hk.Mkfjr chtksa dscwzfpM laØe.k ls cpko ds fy, usFkkyhu dksxksfy;k¡ feyk ldrs gSaAjklk;fud fu;a=.k %& dhVuk'kdksa dk iz;ksx dsoy vkf[kjh mik; ds :i esa djuk pkfg,A mfpr jlk;fudfu;a=.k ds fy, fuEufyf[kr laLrqfrr ek=k;sa gS &dhV@jksxQyh cs/kd (Helicoverpa Armigeara)Arcochyta blightGrey mouldlaLrqfrr dhVuk'kduhe cht rRo ¼5 izfr'kr vdZ½QsuoSysjsV 50 xzke lfØ; la?kVd@gsDVs;jvkSj bMkslYQku 35 EC 350 xzke lfØ; la?kVu (a.i)@gS0QSucsysjsV 0-4 izfr'kr /kwy vkSj feFkkby ikjkfivkWu vkSjbMkslYQku /kwy 25 fdxzk@gS0 dh nj lsAdsIVku vkSj ftusc 1-7 xzke@yh0 iUnzg fnu ds vUrjkyij DyksjksFksyksfuy 1-7 xzke@yh0 Qyh voLFkk esa nks ckjcsuysV 0-5 xzke@yh0dsIVku 1-7 xzke@yh0Fkk;jke 275&150 xzke@100yh0;g fu/kkZfjr gks pqdk gS fd jlk;fud dhV uk'kdksa dk iz;ksx gkfudkj.k mfpr fu;a=.k ds fy, lefUordhV&izcU/kd dh viuh fo'ks"krk lefUor dhV&izcU/kd dh gkfu;ksa dks de djrk gSaA tSls jlk;uksa dk vkSjykHk esa o`f) djrk gS tSls izÑfr 'k=qvksa dks c


lnL;rk QkeZ1- uke %& -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2- in %& -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3- foHkkx %& -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4- irk %& dk;kZy;--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------fuokl----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5- nwjHkk”k %& yS.Mykbu& dk;kZy;--------------------------------------fuokl------------------------------------------------------------------------------eksckby-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6- okf”kZd lnL;rk ‘kqYd dk Hkqxrku %& fMek.M MªkV@psd ua0-------------------------------------fnukad----------------------------------/kujkf’k %&¼mfpr LFkku ij lghdk fpUg yxk;saAfu;e&8 ns[ksa½cSad ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------#i;s ,d lkS ek= ¼#0 100@&½#i;s nks lkS ek= ¼#0 200@&½7- okf”kZd lnL;rk vof/k o”kZ---------------------ds fy, Afnukad--------------------ys[kd /;ku nsa &gekj xk¡o^^f’k,V~l ifCyds’ku ,dkmUV** ds i{k esa ns;Afu;e ,oa ‘krsZa1- gekj xk¡o =Sekfld if=dk ds fy, ys[k dsoy ljy fgUnh Hkk”kk esa gh Lohdk;Z fd;s tk;saxsA2- ys[k isij esa dsoy ,d rjQ Mcy Lisl esa Vkbi vFkok Li”V gLrfyf[kr gh ekU; gksaxsA3- ys[k Ñ”kdksa] muds ifjokjksa ds fgr esa Ñf”k foKku ,oa x`g foKku ij vk/kkfjr gksus pkfg,A4- ys[k pkj ist ¼lkbZt 7-25 x 9-50½ ls vf/kd u gksA5- gekj xk¡o ds lnL;ksa ds gh ys[k if=dk esa izdkf’kr fd;s tkrs gSaA6- lnL;rk QkeZ fo’ofo|ky; izdk’ku izHkkx esa miyC/k gSaAgLrk{kjuke-------------------------------------;gka ls dkfV;s7- okf”kZd lnL;rk gsrq ‘kqYd #i;s ,d lkS ¼#0 100@&½ ek= ,oa *laLFkku ds fy, lnL;rk ‘kqYd #i;s nks lkS ¼#0 200@&½ek= fu/kkZfjr gSA ¼Mkd[kpZ vfrfjDr½A8- gekj xk¡o dh lnL;rk vof/k izR;sd o”kZ tuojh ls fnlEcj vUr rd gksxhA9- fo|kfFkZ;ksa }kjk izsf”kr ys[k muds lEcfU/kr foHkkx ds foHkkxk/;{k ls vxzlkfjr gksuk vko’;d gSA10- ys[k dh lEiw.kZ ftEesnkjh ys[kd dh gksxhA ys[k ds fy, fo’ofo|ky; izdk’ku izHkkx] f’k,V~l] bykgkckn fdlh izdkjmRrjnk;h ugha gksxkAfo’ofo|ky; izdk’ku izHkkxlSe fgfXxuckWVe baLVhV~;wV vkWQ ,xzhdYpj] VsDukWykth ,.M lkbalst+bykgkckn & 211007Phone- 0532-2684278;gka ls dkfV;s* ‘kS{kf.kd laLFkkuksa tSls laxBu@fo’ofo|ky;@egkfo|ky;ksa@Ldwyksa ij ykxwA;gka ls dkfV;s


cut from hereUniversity Publication DivisionSam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology & SciencesAllahabad-211007Phone- 0532-2684278HAMAR GAONMembership Form1. Name :..........................................................................................................................................2. Designation :..........................................................................................................................................3. Department affiliation :........................................................................................................................................4. Address : Office............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Residence....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5. Phone No. : Office..........................................................Residence....................................................Mobile................................................................6. D.D./Cheque No............................................Dated..............................Banker.................................................(Crossed).....................................................................................................................................Amount(Tick the appropriateref. rule no. 8): Rupees One Hundred only (Rs. 100/-) for the year.......................Rupees Two Hundred only (Rs. 200/-) for the year.......................Payable to SHIATS Publication A/c.SignatureDated...........................cut from hereRULES AND REGULATIONName.............................................1. Article for publication in Hamar Gaon, should be in simple Hindi language only.2. Hamar Gaon is quarterly publication.3. It should be either neatly hand written only on one side of the paper or typed in double spaced.4. Articles should be of the interest of farmers, and the rural setup, which includes topics on Agriculture Science and HomeScience origin etc.5. Article should be preferably short, not more than four pages of the size of 7.25 x 9.50.6. Articles for Hamar Gaon will find a place, only from members of Hamar Gaon.7. Membership form is available in office of University Publication Division.8. Annual Individual Membership is available for Rupees One Hundred (Rs. 100/-) only while *Institutional membership(Departments) is for Rupees Two Hundred (Rs. 200/-) only. (Postal Charges extra)9. Membership for Hamar Gaon begin every January and ends in December.10. Articles from students should be forwarded by Head of the Department only.11. The authenticity of the articles is the sole responsibility of the authors and not of University Publication Division.* Applicable to educational institutions i.e. organisations/university/colleges/schools.

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