Book - Shahrikaran - Media and Rights

mediaforrights.org

Book - Shahrikaran - Media and Rights

Bhd fiNys 20 o"kksaZ ls 'kgjhdj.k dks fodkl ds ,d dsUnzh; lwpd ds:i esa is'k fd;k tkrk jgk gSA uhfr;ka cukus okyksa dk edln lkQ gS fdvxys 25 o"kksaZ esa 85 Qhlnh tula[;k 'kgj ls tqM+h gksuk pkfg;sA cgqr rsthls yksx 'kgjksa dh rjQ Hkkx jgs gSa] bl mEehn ds lkFk fd ogak csgrj thoufeysxkArks D;k xkaoks dk thou cssgrj ugha jg x;k gS \ lp ;g gS fd xkaoksa dsthou dks lksp&le>dj cnrj cuk;k tk jgk gS] rkfd yksxksa ds thou esa'kgjhdj.k dks viukuk gh ,d ek= fodYi cu dj jg tk;sA ge ckj&ckj;g vkadM+k nksgjkrs gSa fd fiNys 15 lkyksa esa 2 yk[k fdlkuksa us vkRegR;kdj yh] [ksrh dh ykxr nks ls pkj xquk cqXxh cfLr;ksa dh ubZ nqfu;kA vc vk/kqfudfodYi dks Hkksxus okyksa dks yxrk gS fd >qfXx;ka nkx gSa vkSj bl nkx dksfeVkus dh dksf'k'ksa Hkh tkjh gSaA gesa ;g ekuuk gksxk fd ;g dksbZ iSekuk ughagS fd xkao ls csgrj 'kgj gh gksaxs ijUrq lp ;g gS fd vc lekt nks u;s oxksaesa caVk gS cnrj csgky vkSj csgrj oxZA ;s oxZ xkaoksa esa gks ;k fQj 'kgjksa esamudh fLFkfr ugha] dsoy LFkku cnyrk gSA 'kgj esa ;s yksx vkdj voS/k gkstkrs gSa ;kuh tgak ;s jgrs gSa og cLrh ljdkj voS/k ?kksf"kr dj nsrh gS ;svoS/k rjhds ls fctyh ysrs gSa vkSj ikuh dh tqxkM+ djrs gSaA tc 'kgj esadgha MdSrh iM+ tkrh gS rks bUgha ij lcls igyk 'kd tkrk gS iqfyl dkAvki tkurs gSa fd 50 izfr'kr fdlku dtZ esa gSa vkSj brus gh fdlku vc[ksrh NksM+ nsuk pkgrs gSa D;ksafd ljdkj] mUgsa Hkksiky] vgenkckn] xqM+xkao]fnYyh esa tkdj etnwjh djus ds fodYi ns jgh gSA [ksrh ds ekfydkuk gddk fodYi cuh gS etnwjhA cngkyh esa jg jgs yksx vc etcwj gSa xkao ls'kgj dh vksj iyk;u djus ds fy,] ;g vfu'p; dj iyk;u gSA


÷ËÃ⁄U ∑apple§ ¬ÛÊÊapple¥ ¬⁄U•äÿÊÿ - vπÊl ‚È⁄UˇÊÊ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ‚¥Œ÷¸Æv•äÿÊÿ - wπappleÃÊapple¥ ◊apple¥ Á‚∑ȧ«∏ÃË ⁄UÊapple≈UË, ©U¬¡ÃË ÷Íπ v{•äÿÊÿ - x÷Íπ ∑apple§ ‚ÊÕ ¡Ë ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU ◊äÿ¬˝Œapple‡Ê v~•äÿÊÿ - y∑§¡¸ ∑apple§ »¥§Œapple ◊apple¥ Á∑§‚ÊŸwwπappleÃË ∑apple§ ‚¥∑§≈U ‚apple ‡Ê„U⁄UË∑§⁄UáÊ Ã∑§ w{•äÿÊÿ - z‡Ê„U⁄UË∑§⁄UáÊ ∑§Ê ÁflS»§Êapple≈U w|•äÿÊÿ - {¡apple.∞Ÿ.∞Ÿ.ÿÍ.•Ê⁄.∞◊. - ‚„U÷ÊªË Áfl∑§Ê‚ ∑§Ë Ÿß¸U ÷Í‹÷È‹ÒÿÊ x~•äÿÊÿ - |ÁflSÕʬŸ ∑§Ê Œ¥‡Ê ’ŸÊ◊ •ÁSÃàfl ∑§Ê ‚¥∑§≈Uyy•äÿÊÿ - }•ÁflEÊ‚ ∑§Ê ŸÿÊ ‡Ê„U⁄U y~


Hkq[kejh dk psgjk•äÿÊÿ - v¹æl âéÚUÿææ ·¤æ °·¤ â´ÎÖüLora=rk ds ckn Hkkjr dk igyk ctV 200 djksM+ :i;s dk FkkA tqykbZ 2009 esa tc Hkkjr dsfoRrea=h us crk;k fd vc ctV cgqr cny x;k gSA 60 o"kksaZ esa Hkkjr ds ctV dk vkdkj 200djksM+ ls 5000 xquk c


ns'k ds 19 esa ls 11 jkT;ksa esa 80 izfr'kr ls T;knk cPps ,uhfe;k ds f'kdkj gSaA fiNys Ng o"kksaZls Hkkjr esa ÅtkZ dh lrr~ deh ¼Øksfud ,uthZ MsfQf'k;salh½ dk izdksi 40 Qhlnh efgyk;sayxkrkj Hkksx jgh gSaA blesa dksbZ deh ugha vkbZA bldk eryc ;g gS fd Hkkjr dk fodklvkadM+ksa dk edM+tky gSA ;g yksxksa dh ftUnxh esa cnyko dk lwpd ugha gSAe/;izns'kjk"Vªh; ifjokj LokLF; losZ{k.k ds eqrkfcd e/;izns'k esa 5 o"kZ ls de mez ds 60 Qhlnh cPpsdqiks"k.k ds f'kdkj gSaA ladV ;g gS fd o"kZ 1998&99 esa gq;s jk"Vªh; ifjokj LokLF; losZ{k.k ¼2½dh rqyuk esa o"kZ 2005&06 esa gq;s jk"Vªh; ifjokj LokLF; losZ{k.k ¼3½ ds ifj.kkeksa ds eqrkfcdcPpksa esa 6 izfr'kr dqiks"k.k c


vc loky dsoy ;gha rd lhfer ugha gSA ,d oxZ nkok dj ldrk gS fd vkt yksx v.Ms vkSjekal [kk jgs gSa vkSj nw/k ih jgs gSa rks vukt miHkksx esa fxjkoV fpUrk dk fo"k; ugha gksukpkfg,A ,d i{k vHkh Hkh mYys[kuh; gS vkSj og i{k gS dSyksjh miHkksx dk] ftlls r; gksrk gSfd O;fDr dks fdruk iks"k.k vkgkj fey jgk gSA Li"V gS fd fuEu vkSj e/;e oxZ ;kuh vkcknhdk 70 izfr'kr fgLlk vHkh vius Hkkstu ls U;wure dSyksjh gkfly ugha dj ik jgk gS] tcfd;gh xjhch dks ekis tkus dk lcls vge~ lwpd jgk gSAoxZ 19972&73 1977&78 1983&84 1993&94 1999&2000fuEu oxZ 1504 1630 1620 1678 1626e/;e oxZ 2170 2296 2144 2119 2009mPp oxZ 3161 3190 2929 2672 2463dqy 2268 2364 2222 2152 2030vuktksa vkSj nkyksa dh 'kq) miyfC/k[kk| lqj{kk dh n`f"V ls [kk|kUu dk mRiknu c


nq"izHkko iM+ ldrk gS] ,slk gh gqvk HkhA eksVs vukt (ftudh mRiknu ykxr de jgh gS] tksde eagxs Hkh gSa) dgha vf/kd dSykWjh vkSj ikS"k.kh; rRo miyC/k djk ldrs gSa] ij lkoZtfudforj.k iz.kkyh esa bUgs 'kkfey ugh fd;k x;kA ;fn bUgsa lkoZtfud forj.k iz.kkyh ijfj;k;rh njksa (Subsidized rates) ij miyC/k djk;k tk, rks os Lo;a&yf{kr cu ldsaxs vkSjbuls dSykSjh miHkksx mUur gks ldrk gS vkSj blls tula[;k ds fu/kkZure Hkkx esa ^Hkw[k* dedh tk ldrh gSAD;ksa ugha xy jgh gSa nkysa\vc ckt+kj esa nkysa 60 ls 90 #i, fdyks ds Hkko ls fcd jgh gSaA ftl ns'k esa dsoy mlh ifjokjds xjhc ekuk tkrk gks dks gj jkst+ 12 #i, ls de [kpZ djrk gks] ogka nky vc ,d foykflrkdh oLrq ls de dqN Hkh ugÈ jgh gSA ge bl rF; dks ugÈ Hkwy ldrs gS fd gekjs ;gk¡ çksVhudh t:jr dks iwjk djus dk lcls vge~ lzksr nky gh gSA bldh deh lekt esa çksVhu dh dehls gksus okys dqiks"k.k dks cgqr Åij igqapk nsxhA vtZqu lsuxqIrk desVh dh fjiksVZ crkrh gS fd77 Qhlnh tula[;k gj jkst+ 20 #i, ls de dekrh vkSj thou;kiu djrh gS] ,sls esa ogviuh Fkkyh esa nky j[k ik,xh] ;g dsoy ,d dYiuk ek= gSA vc ;g r; gks tkuk pkfg, fdljdkj fj;k;rh njksa ij ns'k ds ifjokjksa dks nky miyC/k djok,A eksVs vukt ds vykokçksVhu dh t:jr dks iwjk djus ds fy, nkyksa ¼nygu½ vkSj olk ds fy, [kk| rsyksa dh Hkkjrh;lUnHkZ esa ,d csgn vge~ mi;ksfxrk gS] ftl ij dksbZ le>kSrk ugÈ fd;k tk ldrk gSA Hkkjresa ,d o;Ld iq#"k dks 50 xzke nky vkSj o;Ld efgyk dks 45 xzke nky ds U;wure t:jrgksrh gSA bUgh ekinaMksa dks ekurs gq, fd;s x, vkadyu ls irk pyrk gS fd 5 lnL;ksa ds ,difjokj dks gj eghus 6 fdyks nkyksa vkSj 3 ls 3-5 fdyks [kk| rsy ds de ls de t:jr gksrhgSA bl t:jr dks [kk| lqj{kk dkuwu ds tfj;s iwjk fd;k tkuk pkfg,AvkbZ lh ,e~ vkj ¼bafM;u dkmafly QkWj esfMdy fjlpZ½ ds ekinaMksa ds eqrkfcd esgurd'kdke djus okys iq#"k o;Ldksa ds fy, 460 ls 520 xzke vukt vkSj efgyk o;Ldksa ds 410 ls440 xzke vukt dh vko';drk gksrh gSA ;fn ge ;g ekusa fd ,d ifjokj esa 5 lnL; ekustk,¡ rks ,d ifjokj dks 55 fdyks vukt dh vko';drk gj ekg iM+rh gSA bl eku ls [kk|lqj{kk dkuwu esa 50 fdyks dk çko/kku djuk ,d vfuok;Zrk gksuk pkfg,Atc ge nkyksa dh miyC/krk dh ckr djrs gSa rc gesa bl vk'kadk ls Hkh ltx jguk gksxk fdns'k fd t:jr dks nkyksa dk vk;kr djds gh iwjk uk fd;k tk,] tSlk fd vkt dh rkjh[k esagks jgk gSA nkysa Hkkjr dh cqfu;knh [kk| t:jr gS] vkSj ;g t:jr Hkkjr esa gh mRiknu djdsiwjh dh tkuk pkfg,A nqfu;k Hkj dh eanh us lcls lh/kk vlj Hkkjr esa nkyksa dh dher ijMkyk gS] D;wafd Hkkjr dh t:jr 180 yk[k Vu nky dh gksrh gS ij mRiknu dsoy 125 yk[kVu ds vklikl gSA Hkkjr esa ,d vkSj rks yksxksa dh vk; c


gh eghuksa esa 9 fdyks izfr O;fä izfr o"kZ ds fupys Lrj rd vk tk;sxhA bldk eryc gS fdlekt esa iks"k.k dh vkSj deh ;kuh dqiks"k.k esa vkSj c


djrh jghA 1980&81 esa 1-09 gt+kj Vu fu;kZr gqvk tks o"kZ 2005&06 esa c


dk iziap jpk x;kA ;s Qlysa isV Hkjrh Fkha] iks"k.k nsrh Fkh] de ikuh vkSj de [kkn ysrh Fkh] ijbUgsa yxHkx feVk fn;k x;kA blls iwjs [kku&iku ds rjhds cny x;s vkSj cktkj ;g crkusyxk fd D;k [kkuk pkfg;s !!bl lwpuk ij cgqr cgl gksrh jgh gS fd d`f"k mRiknu dks c


dksf'k'k dh xbZ fd orZeku chtksa ls mRiknu de gksrk gS vkSj chekfj;ksa dk izdksi T;knk gksrkgS blfy;s chtksa ds pfj= esa cnyko ykus dh t:jr gSAlcls igys dbZ dhVuk'kdksa dks fodYi ds:i esa is'k fd;k x;kA ij dhVuk'kdksa dkizHkko /khjs&/khjs dhVksa ij de gksrk x;kvkSj mudh izfrjks/kd {kerk T;knk Bkslgksrh xbZA tc dhVuk'kdksa dk fodYivlQy gqvk rks tSo ifjof/kZr chtksa dkfodYi j[kk x;kA cktkj us crk;k fd vcge chtksa esa gh ,sls jlk;u Mky nsaxs tksdhVksa dk izdksi ugha iM+us nsaxsA bu chtksadh Qly ds fy;s fo'ks"k fdLe dsdhVuk'kd rS;kj fd;s tk;saxsA mu ijnwljh fdLe ds dhVuk'kd dke gh ughadjsaxsA blls ,d gh dEiuh ¼tks chtcuk;sxh ogh dhVuk'kd Hkh cspsxh½ dhlRrk LFkkfir gksuk 'kq: gqbZA d`f"k lq/kkjdh jktuhfr dk izHkko vc gesa utj vkusyxk gSA 1960 esa dikl ds chtksa dks 6rjg ds dhV ijs'kku djrs Fks ij 2006 esa60 rjg ds dhV ijs'kku djrs gS vkSj gjdhV dh {kerk Qly cckZn dj nsus dh gSA1987 esa lcls igys cktkjokn dk izR;{kizek.k ns[kus dks feyk tc vka/kzins'k dsokjaxy ftys esa 37 fdlkuksa us vkRegR;kdhA ;s lHkh dikl ds fdlku Fks vkSjQly ij dhVksa ds izdksi ds dkj.k 20&20fNM+dko djus iM+sA blls Qly dhykxr bruh c


fu;a=.k çk;%&çk;% [kks pqds gSaA Hkkjr esa ns[kk tk;s rks 1980 ds n'kd ds e/; esa udn [ksrh dhubZ vo/kkj.kk dh ygj pyh Fkh vkSj ljdkj us vius lkjs lalk/kuksa dk mi;ksx fdlkuksa dks ;gle>kus esa fd;k Fkk fd os Ñf"k dk mRiknu c


çkphu i)fr ds vuqlkj Ñf"k ds O;olk; ls tqM+s yksx gj Qly ls cht fudky dj vxyhcqvkbZ ds fy;s lqjf{kr j[k ysrs Fks fdUrq ubZ rduhd ds vUrxZr vc fdlku dks gj ckj cqvkbZds fy;s u;k cht cktkj ls [kjhnuk iM+sxk D;ksafd tSo rduhd ds tfj;s [ksr ls mits chtdh mRiknu {kerk lekIr dh tk jgh gSA bu u;s gkbfczM chtksa ij mlh dEiuh dsdhVuk'kdksa&moZjdkssa dk çHkko iM+sxk ftl dEiuh ds chtksa dk mi;ksx fd;k x;k gSAblh rjg Hkwfe lq/kkj dkuwu dk fuekZ.k Hkh fdlh vkfnoklh] xjhc ;k fdlku dh csgrjh dsfy;s ugha fd;k x;k gS cfYd ljdkj us xzkeh.k lekt dk lhekadu djds fdlku dks mldhlhekvksa dk vglkl djk;k gSA vkSj bl dkuwu ds tfj;s xkaoksa esa m|ksxksa dh LFkkiuk ds njokts[kksys gSa rkfd m|ksxifr xkao esa lgtrk ls miyC/k ikuh] lLrs Je dk 'kks"k.k dj lds] ,slkmUgksaus fd;k HkhA vc ljdkj Hkh ;g lans'k nsus yxh gS fd xzkeh.k vFkZO;oLFkk dks dsoylks;kchu ij fuHkZj ugha gksus fn;k tk;s fdUrq vc rks fLFkfr fu;a=.k ds ckgj gks pqdh gSAfdlku blds tky ls cktkj esa bu Qlyksa ds nke de gksaxs vkSj fQj T;knk ykHk dekus dsfy;s mls lks;kchu ,d ek= fodYi ds rkSj ij utj vk;sxkAjklk;fud inkFkksZa ds mi;ksx dk udkjkRed çHkko xsgwa] puk vkSj lfCt;ksa dh xq.koÙkk ij HkhiM+k gSA igys xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa fdlku viusmRiknu dk laxzg djds j[k ysrs Fks rkfd lghnke feyus ij csp dj ykHk dek;k tk lds fdUrqd`f=e jklk;fud ÅoZjdksa us Hkkjr dhd`f"k O;oLFkk ds vfLrRo ds fy;s dbZvc mls laxzg gh ugha fd;k tk ldrk gS D;ksafdpqukSfr;ka [kM+h dh gSaA xzhuihl bf.M;k dhvc mlesa ?kqu yx tkrk gSA igys fdlku ds ?kjksa fjiksVZ ds eqrkfcd iatkc us [kwc d`f=eesa çÑfr vk/kkfjr feêh ls cus laxzg d{k gqvk jklk;fud ÅoZjdksa ¼ukbZVªkstu] iksVsf'k;edjrs Fks ftuesa vukt lqjf{kr jgrk Fkk vc mudh vkSj QkLQksjl½ dk mi;ksx fd;kA vctxg ç'khrd la;a=ksa ¼dksYM LVksjst½ us ys yh gSA buds mi;ksx dh ek=k vkSj c


fn;k tk jgk gSA gesa mRiknu ds vkadM+ksa dh ckthxjh ls eqDr gks dj bl ckr dks bZekunkjh lsLohdkj djuk gksxk fd foxr nl o"kksaZ esa tcls Hkwe.Myhdj.k vkSj eqDr vFkZO;oLFkk dkiz;ksx 'kq: gqvk gS rc ls fdlku vkSj mldh fdlkuh nksuksa dks fur ubZ pqukSfr;ksa dk lkeukdjuk iM+ jgk gSA lcls igyh pqukSrh rks Qlyksa ds p;u esa vk;s ifjorZu ds :i esa lkeus[kM+h gqbZA Hkkjrh; lekt ds fy;s d`f"k dksbZ O;olk; ugha cfYd laLd`fr ds ek;us j[krh gSAblds izfr ykyp ugha cfYd J)k dk utfj;k j[kk tkrk jgk gS ijUrq cgqr gh lqfu;ksftr


jklk;fud moZjd vkSj dhVuk'kd & bldk cgqr lkQ dkj.k ;g gS fd vc [ksrh dhykxr cgqr T;knk gks xbZ gS vkSj cktkj ij O;kikfj;ksa dk dCtk gS] bruk gh ugha uhfr;k¡ Hkhfdlku dks ugha cfYd iwathifr;ksa dks laj{k.k çnku djrh gSaAiwjs fo'o esa Ñf"k jksxksa vkSj [kjirokj dks dhVuk'kdksa ls [kRe djds vukt] lfCt;ka] Qy] QwyvkSj ouLifr;ksa dh lqj{kk djus dk ukjk nsdj dbZ çdkj ds dhVuk'kd vkSj jlk;uksa dkmRiknu fd;k tk jgk gS( fdUrq bu dhVksa] QQawn vkSj jksxksa ds thok.kqvksa dh de ls de ikapQhlnh la[;k ,slh gksrh gS tks [krjukd jlk;uksa ds çHkkoksa ls cp tkrh gS vkSj buls lkeukdjus dh çfrjksèkd {kerk gkfly dj ysrh gSA ,sls çfrjks/kh dhV èkhjs&èkhjs viuh blh {kerkokyh ubZ ih


l rjg ds mRiknu djus okys T;knkrj cM+s O;kolkf;d laLFkku la;qDr jkT; vesfjdk lslEcU/k j[krs gSa& tSls M~;wika] vitksu] Qkbtj vkSj Y;wczhtksyA dsoy M~;wika vkSj mldhlgk;d laLFkk;sa 1-75 djksM+ ikmaM çnw"kd jkst NksM+rs gSa] 1986 esa blus 34 djksM+ ikmaMtgjhys jlk;u vejhdk dh ok;q] feêh vkSj ikuh esa MkysA ;g dEiuh Dyksjks yksjks dkcZu¼lh-,Q-lh-½ dk mRiknu djus okyh lcls cM+h dEiuh gSA ;g jlk;u okrkoj.k dh vkstksuijr esa {k; dk lcls cM+k dkj.k gS ftldh otg ls de ls de 4 yk[k O;fDr Ropk dSalj lsçHkkfor gksaxs vkSj eksfr;k fcan ds ekeys Ms


fy;s mUgksaus çfrjks/kd {kerk fodflr dj yh gSA vr% QkLthu tSlh xSl dk mi;ksx Hkh isLVdUVªksy jlk;uksa esa gksus yxk gSAMhMhVh dks iwjs fo'o esa çfrcaf/kr fd;k tk pqdk gS fdUrq eysfj;k fu;a=.k ds uke ij vkt HkhHkkjr esa bldk mi;ksx gks jgk gS vkSj ch,plh dh [kir Hkh fujUrj c


•äÿÊÿ - w¹ðÌæð´ ×ð´ çâ·é¤Ç¸Ìè ÚUæðÅUè, ©UÂÁÌè Öê¹/;izns'k Hkkjr ds dqy [kk|kUu mRiknu esa lcls T;knk ;ksxnku nsus okys jkT;ksa dh lwph esa'kqekj jgk gSA dkj.k lkQ gS d`f"k vk/kkfjr vkSj [kk|kUu miHkksx djus okys lekt dhekStwnxh us ;gak d`f"k dks [kk| lqj{kk lqfuf'pr djus dk dsUnzh; tfj;k cuk fn;kA nwljsek;uksa esa e/;izns'k nwljs jkT;ksa ij fuHkZj ugha jgk gSA fdUrq tgak ,d vksj fiNys ,d n'kd esafodkl dh ifjHkk"kk esa ftl rjg tehu dks ,d ykHkdkjh vkS|ksfxd lalk/ku eku fy;k x;kmlls d`f"k Hkwfe ds lkekftd egRo esa deh vkbZ gSA ogha nwljh vksj i;kZoj.kh; cnykoksa vkSjcktkj ds nckoksa ls tw>us ds fy;s tks uhfrxr lg;ksx ^^jkT;** ls d`f"k {ks= dks [kk|kUumRiknu ds fy;s feyuk pkfg;s Fkk og ugha fey ik;kA foxr 10 o"kksaZ esa e/;izn'sk ds de lsde 14 ftys gj lky xaHkhj lw[ks dh pisV esa jgs gSaA fiNys lky 48 esa ls 39 ftys lw[ks dhpisV esa FksA bl lky 23 ftys bl ladV es gSaA fiNys pkj o"kksaZ rd vo"kkZ vkSj cd>ksjk Fkk bl lky vkink us ekyok vapy ds ftyksa dk :[k dj fy;k gSAe/;izns'k dh d`f"k LFkkuh; lekt dks [kk| lqj{kk iznku djrh gS fdUrq fiNys 6 o"kksaZ dkifjn`'; [kk|kUu mRiknu esa fparktud deh dh rjQ b'kkjk djrk gSA o"kZ 2003&2004 esae/;izns'k esa dqy tek 1-59 djksM+ Vu vukt dk mRiknu gqvk FkkA ftlesa xsgwa] pkoy lfgr]Tokj] cktjk vkSj eDdk tSls eksVs vukt 'kkfey gSaA fdUrq vxys lky ;kuh 2004&05 esa ;g?kVdj 1-42 djksM+ Vu jg x;kA vukt mRiknu ds lanHkZ esa ;g egt ,d&;k&nks o"kksaZ dkmrkj&p


irk py jgk gS fd okLro esa mu ifj;kstukvksa ls flapkbZ esa mruh c


vkrh FkhaA ysfdu vkt dh dM+oh lPpkbZ ;gh gS fd os vius 40 ch?kk [ksr esa fiNys pkj lkyksals vkyw ;k ykSdh dh ,d gh iSnkokj ys ik jgs gSaA jkeiky us fiNys lky fdlku ØsfMV dkMZls bl vk'kk esa dtZ fy;k Fkk fd lCth [ksrh ls dekbZ dj mls pqdk nsaxsA ysfdu vkt dhrkjh[k rd os dtZ dh ,d Hkh fd'r vnk ugha dj lds gSA Vhyk xkao ds ,sls dbZ fdlku gSa tksdqN lkyksa igys rd vkRefuHkZj vkSj laiUu Fks] viuh vkthfodk lEekuiw.kZ rjhds ls dekrs Fks]vkt jkstxkj xkjaVh ;kstuk esa dke dk izLrko Bqdjk nsrs gSa D;ksafd ;g mUgsa viuh e;kZnk dksBsl igqapkus okyk yxrk gSAftyk 1999&00 2000&01 2001&02 2002&03 2003&04 2004&05 2005&06 2006&07 2007&08 9 lkyksa esavfoHkftrmRikndrke/;izns'kesa vkbZfxjkoVmRikndrk mRikndrk mRikndrk mRikndrk mRikndrk mRikndrk mRikndrk mRikndrk mRikndrk mRikndrke/;izns'k 1863 1471 1620 1461 1879 1821 1710 1915 1683 &9-66chrs ,d n'kd ls e/;izns'k esa ljdkjsa vkS|ksxhdj.k o cgqjk"Vªh; daifu;ksa dks vkeaf=r djizkd`frd lalk/kuksa ds 'kks"k.k dks c


•äÿÊÿ - xÖê¹ ·ð¤ âæÍ Áè ÚUãUæ ãñU ׊ØÂýÎðàæjr ds jkT;ksa esa /ku bQjkr c vkSj fn'kk ugha gSA bUgha lanHkksZa esa Hkkjrljdkj }kjk tkjh dh xbZ us'kuy lSaiy losZ vkWxsZukbts'ku ¼,u,l,lvks½ dh fjiksVZ] tks Hkkjresa miHkksx ¼ftlesa Hkkstu vkSj thou ds fy, vko';d lHkh cqfu;knh phtksa dh miHkksx “kkfeygS½] dks ns[kuk cgqr ekStwa gksxkA ;g fjiksVZ crkrh gS fd fdl rjg [kk| inkFkksZa ds miHkksx esadeh vkbZ gSA reke fo'ys"k.kksa ls irk pyrk gS fd ;g fjiksVZ okLro esa xjhch mUewyu;kstukvksa dh vlfy;r dk [kqyklk djrh gSA vkSj buesa ls T;knkrj xjhch mUewyu dh ,slh;kstuk,a gSa] ftlesa Ñf"k dks lqjf{kr j[ks cxSj fodkl dh ckr dh tk jgh gSA';ksiqj ftys ds djkgy dLcs ds lgfj;k tutkfr dh ,d L=h] 26 o"khZ; xqM~Mh dks viusthou esa lcls Hk;kud fLFkfr dk lkeuk djuk iM+kA mlus ,d ?kaVs igys dqN iM+kslh vkSjrksadh enn ls ,d yM+ds dks tUe fn;kA mu vkSjrksa us cPps ds tUe ds le; uky dkVus ds fy,gafl, dk iz;ksx fd;kA mUgksaus gafl, ls cPps dh uky dkV nhA tc mlls iwNk x;k fd D;kmlus cPps dks viuk nw/k fiyk;k] tks cPps ds fy, cgqr iks"kd gksrk gS] rks mldk psgjkfcYdqy Hkkoghu FkkA mu Hkkoksa dks ns[kdj vkSj mldh ckr lqudj cgqr Øks/k vkSj vlgk;rkdk cks/k gqvk] tc mlus dgk] ^vki dSls lksprs gSa fd eSa vius cPps dks nw/k fiykÅaxh] tcfdeSaus [kqn rhu fnuksa ls dqN [kk;k ugha gS\ esjk ifr nl fnuksa ls chekj gS] blfy, og dke ijugha tk ldkA vc gekjs ikl [kkus ds fy, dqN ugha gSA ;g gekjh jkst dh ftanxh gSA tc gefdlh Hkh dkj.k ls 4&5 fnuksa rd dke ugha dj ikrs vkSj dqN dek ugha ikrs gSa rks gekjs ikl[kkus dks dqN Hkh ugha gksrk gSA ge MkWDVj ds ikl tkus ;k LokLF; lqfo/kkvksa dk bLrseky djusdh ckr Hkh ugha lksp ldrsA ljdkj dh lsok,a Hkh bruh eagxh gSa fd gekjh igqap ds ckgj gSaA*;|fi xHkZorh fL=;ksa vkSj nw/k fiykus okyh ekrkvksa dh t:jrksa dks iwjk djus ds fy, ,d`hdrcky fodkl ;kstuk uked dk;ZØe pyk;k tk jgk gS] ogka Hkh dksbZ lgh O;oLFkk vkSjftEesnkjh dk ,glkl ugha gSA ;gh nqO;ZoLFkk dh lcls cM+h pqukSrh cu xbZ gSA oLrqr% mPpreU;k;ky; ds vkns'k ds ckotwn e/;izns'k ljdkj us lkoZtfud forj.k Á.kkyh esa izfr jk'kudkMZ ij 35 fdyksxzke vukt dk dksVk ?kVkdj 20 fdyksxzke dj fn;k gSA blls xjhc ifjokjksadh fLFkfr vkSj Hkh cnrj gks xbZ gSA Hkkjr ns'k ds xzkeh.k bykdksa esa Hkkstu ds miHkksx dk Lrj19


yxkrkj ?kV jgk gSA 2005&06 esa fdlh ifjokj dk ,d lnL; vkSlru 11-920 fdyksxzkeHkkstu dk miHkksx djrk Fkk vkSj mlds fy, ifjokj 106-30 #i, izfrekg [kpZ djrk FkkAysfdu 2006&07 esa vkSlr Hkkstu dk miHkksx ?kVdj ek= 11-685 ¼1-97 izfr'kr de½fdyksxzke izfr O;fDr jg x;k vkSj mlds fy, [kpZ dh tkus okyh jkf'k c


#i,½ dk LFkku gS] tcfd e/;izns'k ¼dqy 263 #i,½ esa izfr O;fDr [kk| inkFkksZa ij gksus okyk[kpZ ns'k esa lcls de gSA nwljh vksj leqnz rV ij clk gksus ds dkj.k dsjy esa eNyh vkSj QyHkh [kk;s tkrs gSa vkSj iatkc esa nw/k vkSj mlls cus mRiknksa dh Hkkjh ek=k esa [kir gksrh gS] tksogka dh iks"k.k lac/kh t:jrksa dks iwjk dj nsrk gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd muds ;gka vukt dh [kire/;izns'k ls de gSA e/;izns'k u rks leqnz rVh; jkT; gS vkSj u gh ekalkgkjh gS] ;g rks vuktij fuHkZj lekt gSA dsjy vkSj iatkc cgqr le`) vkSj fodflr jkT;ksa esa ls gS vkSj v/;;u ;gcrkrs gSa fd yksxksa ds [kk| inkFkksZa vkSj mlds rjhds ij le`f) dk Hkh dkQh izHkko iM+rk gSAfMCckcan Hkkstu muds [kk| inkFkksZa esa izeq[k gksrk gS] [kkldj iatkc vkSj cM+s egkuxjksa esaA tgkard e/;izns'k dk loky gS rks ogka ij yksxksa dh [kjhn {kerk bruh ugha gS fd vukt ls brj[kk| inkFkksZa ij iSls [kpZ dj ldsa] blfy, mUgsa vius Hkkstu ds fy, eq[;r% vukt ij ghfuHkZj jguk iM+rk gSA ;gka ;g Hkh cgqr xaHkhj vkSj /;ku nsus ;ksX; ckr gS fd fiNys ,d n'kdesa e/;izns'k esa vukt dk mRiknu Hkh cgqr rsth ds lkFk ?kVk gSA bu lkjh fLFkfr;ksa dsen~nsutj e/; izns'k dh fL=;ks esa c


•äÿÊÿ - y·¤Áü ·ð¤ È´¤Îð ×ð´ ç·¤âæÙgks'kaxkckn ftys ds cu[ksM+h Cykwd ds dqlhZ


vHkh gekjs ikl o"kZ 2008 ds vkadM+s miyC/k ugha gSa] vr,o ge cgqr lh/ks rkSj ij bl VªSaM dksidM+ ugha ik;asxs] ysfdu fLFkfr rks fparktud gSA ge ;g lkspdj [kq'k gks ldrs gSa fd gekjsjkT; esa egkjk"Vª] vka/kizns'k o dukZVd dh rjg Hk;kog fLFkfr ugha gSa ysfdu gesa ;g Hkh ns[kukgksxk fd bu jkT;ksa dh fLFkfr;ka gels dkQh fHkUUk gSaA vkSj ;fn vkt Hkh /;ku ugha fn;k x;krks izns'k dh fLFkfr vkSj Hkh [krjukd gks tk;sxhAdkSu gS fdlkudukM+k esa Mh &xzqV Ldwy vkWQ fctusl] esdekLVj ;wfuoflZVh esa ih,pMh ds Nk= ;qojkt1xtiky dh bl [kkstchu dks vkSj lkeus yk;sa fd ,ulhvkjch ds vuqlkj fdls fdlku dhJs.kh esa j[kk x;k gS rks fLFkfr vksj Hkh fparktud :Ik esa lkeus vkrh gSA ;qojkt dgrs gSa fdblds ckjs esa eSaus enzkl baLVhV~;wV vkWQ MsoyiesUV ds izksQslj ukxjkt ls ckr dh tks fd dbZlkyksa ls fdlku vkRegR;k ds ckjs esa jk"Vªh; vijk/k C;wjksa ds vkadM+s ds vk/kkj ij fo'ys"k.k djjgs gSaA izksQslj ukxjkt crkrs gSa fd iqfyl foHkkx ds vuqlkj fdlku dh ifjHkk"kk dk ekinaMtula[;k ds fy, ifjHkkf"kr fdlku dh ifjHkk"kk ls vkSj Hkh dfBu gSA iqfyl dh ifjHkk"kk dsvuqlkj fdlku gksus ds fy, Lo;a dh tehu gksuk vko';d gS vkSj tks yksx nwljs dh [ksrh dksfdjk;s esa ysdj ¼e-iz+ dh ijEijk ds vuqlkj cfV;k@ vf/k;k ysus okys½ dke djrs gSa mUgsafdlkuksa dh Js.kh esa ugha j[kk x;k gSA ;gka rd fd blesa mu yksxksa dks Hkh 'kkfey ugha fd;kx;k gS tks viuh ?kj ds [ksrksa dks lEgkyrs gSa ysfdu ftuds uke esa tehu ugha gSA vxj fdlh?kj esa firkth ds uke esa lkjh tehu gS ysfdu [ksrh dh ns[kHkky mldk yM+dk djrk gS rksfirkth dks rks fdlku dk ntkZ feysxk ysfdu csVs dks iqfyl foHkkx fdlku dh Js.kh esa ughaj[ksxhA izksQslj ukxjkt vkxs crkrs gSa fd iqfyl foHkkx }kjk ftl rjg ls ekinaM viuk;kx;k gS ml fglkc ls okLrfod fdlku }kjk vkRegR;k dh la[;k jk"Vªh; vijk/k C;wjks dhla[;k ls vkSj Hkh T;knk gksxhA blh ds lkFk ;qojkt dk vxyk loky vkSj ijs'kku dj ldrkgS fd iqfyl foHkkx ls feys ;g vkadM+s dgha xyr rks ugha ! Kkr gks fd jk"Vªh; vijk/kvfHkys[k C;wjks ds vkadM+s ogh vkadM+s gSa tks mls jkT; ds vyx&vyx iqfyl v/kh{kddk;kZy;ksa ls izkIr gksrs gSaA blls vf/kd izkekf.kd tkudkjh muds ikl dksbZ Hkh ugha gSA gelHkh tkurs gSa fd jkT; esa iqfyl O;oLFkk ds D;k gky gSa vkSj fdrus izdj.kksa dks ntZ fd;ktkrk gSA [kkldj fdlkuksa dh vkREkgR;k tSls laosnu'khy ekeyksa dks jkT; ges'kk ls ghudkjrk jgk gSA ,sls esa ,ulhvkjch dh fjiksVZ Hkh cgqr izkekf.kd tkudkjh gekjs le{k izLrqrdjrh gS] ;g lkspuk xyr gksxkA;s rks gksuk gh Fkkyacs le; ls fdlkuksa dh vkRegR;kvksa ij fy[k jgs tkus&ekus i=dkj ih- lkbZukFk dk dgukgS fd tc eSaus bl fo"k; ij fy[kuk 'kq: fd;k Fkk rks yksx galrs FksA dksbZ Hkh xaHkhjrk ls ughaysrk FkkA ysfdu ;fn le;s jgrs iz;kl fd;s tkrs rks gesa ;g fnu ugha ns[kuk iM+rk fd d`f"kiz/kku ns'k esa fdlkuksa ds fy;s vkRegR;k etcwjh cu tk;sA d`f"k ekeyksa ds tkudkj nsfoUnj'kekZ dgrs gSa fd ;g rks gksxk gh A ,d rjQ ljdkj NBoka osrueku ykxw dj jgh gS ftlesa23


,d prqFkZ Js.kh ds deZpkjh ;kuh Hk`R; rd dks 15000 :Ik;k ekfld feysxk] tcfd,u,l,lvks dk vkdyu dgrk gS fd ,d fdlku dh ikfjokfjd ekfld vk; gS egt 2115:i;sA ftlesa ikap lnL; ds lkFk nks Ik'kq Hkh gSaA loky ;g gS fd fdlku ljdkj ls osruekuugha ekax jgk gS cfYsd og rks U;wure leZFku ewY; ekax jgk gSA vkSj ljdkj gkFk ij gkFk /kjscSBh gSA mRiknu ykxr c rys ncs gSaAfctyh ekj jgh gS >VdsNRrhlx


feykA blh izdkj l?ku fctyh fodkl ,oa iqufuekZ.k ;kstuk esa Hkh o"kZ 2007&08 o 2008&09esa Øe'k% 283-11 o 374-13 djksM+ :i;k jkT; ljdkj ds [kkrs essa vk;kA dqy feykdj nks o"kksaZesa 980-56 djksM+ :i;k jkT; ljdkj dks fctyh igqapkus ds fy, miyC/k gqvk ysfdu bldsckn Hkh u gh jkT; ljdkj us fdlkuksa dks dksbZ jkgr nh vkSj u gh Hkkjr ljdkj dh bl jkf'kdk mi;ksx dj fctyh igqapkbZA bruh jkf'k dk mi;ksx dj fdlkuksa dks fctyh miyC/k djkbZtk ldrh Fkh] ysfdu okLro esa ,slk gqvk ughaA izns'k ds gtkjksa fdlkuksa ds fo|qr izdj.kU;k;ky; esa ntZ fd;s x;sA;kstuk,a 2007&2008 2008&09¼djksM+ esa½ ¼djksM+ esa½jktho xka/kh xkao&xkao fctyhdj.k ;kstuk 158-21 165-11l?ku fctyh fodkl ,oa iquZfuekZ.k ;kstuk 283-11 374-13leFkZu ewY; ugha gS leFkZfo/kkulHkk pqukoksa ds e/;utj eq[;ea=h f'kojkt flag us izns'k ds fdlkuksa ls 50]000 :Ik;kdtZ ekQh dk ok;nk fd;k Fkk] ysfdu izns'k ljdkj us mls Hkqyk fn;kA vc fdlkuksa ij dtZdk cks> gS A nwljh vksj Hkkjr ljdkj ds vkfFkZd losZ{k.k ¼2007&08½ dh fjiksVZ dgrh gS fdns'k ds dbZ jkT;ksa esa leZFku ewY; ykxr ls cgqr de gS] e/;izns'k esa Hkh dekscs'k ;gh gky gSaAleFkZu ewY; vius vki esa bruk leFkZ ugha gS fd og fdlkuksa dks mudh Qly dk mfpr nkefnyk ldsA ,sls esa gh [ksrh ?kkVs dk lkSnk curh tkrh gS] fdlku dtZ ysrs gSa vkSj u pqdk ikusdh fLFkfr esa Qkalh ds Qans dks xys yxk jgs gSaA gkykafd ljdkj ;g crk jgh gs fd geus foxrnks lkyksa esa leZFku ewY; c


•äÿÊÿ - zàæãUÚUè·¤ÚU‡æ ·¤æ çßSȤæðÅUfdl dher ij 'kgjhdj.k!vkt tc ge bl fo"k; ij ppkZ djrs gSa rks og FkksM+h gh nsj esa cgl esa rCnhy gks tkrh gSA ge;k rks 'kgjhdj.k ds i{k esa [kM+s gksrs gSa ;k fQj blh iwjh rjg ls f[kykQr djrs gSaA ;g cgltk;t gSA tk;t blfy;s D;ksafd ge tkuuk pkgrs gSa fd gekjs ns'k esa tks 'kgjhdj.k gks jgkgS] dgha og xkaoksa dh cngkyh vkSj ogka fleVrh tk jgh ftUnxh dk ifj.kke rks ugha gS! gekjseu esa ;g Hkh [;ky vkrk gS fd dgha blds ihNs dksbZ vkfFkZd jktuhfr rks ugha fNih gqbZ gS! gevkadyu djuk pkgrs gSa fd cngkyh] chekjh] csjkstxkjh vkSj vlqj{kk tSls lokyksa ds tokcD;k csrjrhc


QyLo:Ik 'kgjksa dh LFkkiuk dh ,d yxkrkj pyus okyh izfØ;k lh utj vkrh gSA dbZ erZckbls ,d lkaLd`frd O;ogkj ds lkFk Hkh tksM+dj ns[kk tkrk jgk gSA ifjHkk"kk ds Lrj ij O;kikj]m|ksx] jkT; vkSj lkekftd] vkfFkZd] jktuSfrdO;oLFkk dks pykus ds fy;s 'kgjksa ds otwn dksvfuok;Z ekuk x;k gSA vk/kqfud Hkkjr esa'kgjhdj.k dk rst nkSj 18oha lnh esa rc ns[kkx;k tc bZLV bf.M;k dEiuh Hkkjr esa vkbZAmlus O;kikj&mRiknu ds fy;s canjxkgksa dkfuekZ.k fd;k vkSj mu canjxkgksa ds vklikl'kgj clk;s ;k mudk fodkl fd;kA ,dutfj;s ls Hkkjr dh xkaoksa ds lalk/kuksa dksywVdj ys tkus ds fy;s 'kgjksa dks tfj;k cuk;kx;kAblds ckn gekjs fy;s chloha lnh cgqregRoiw.kZ gks tkrh gSA 1901 ls 2001 dh vof/kesa ;gak dqy 'kgjksa dh la[;k 1827 ls c


izfr'k 'kgjh ifjogu futh lk/kuksa ls gksrk gS ftls vk/kk djus dh t:jr gSA dkcZu mRltZu]nq?kZVuk;sa vkSj ruko Hkh ;krk;kr dh vO;oLFkk ds cM+s ifj.kke gSAcqfu;knh t:jrksa dk cqfu;knh ladVbl rF; dks egt udkjkRed dgdj gesa udkjuk ugha pkfg, fd ns'k&lekt Tokykeq[khljh[ks foLQksV dh laHkkouk ds eqgkus ij vk cSBk gSA Hkkjr ds pkj jkT;ksa ¼fcgkj] mRrjizns'k]if'pe caxky vkSj mRrjk[kaM½ ds 36 'kgj gj jkst Ms


jgk gSA ckr vc dsoy ikuh dh [kjhnh&fcØh dk gh ugha gS cfYd ikuh dh rsth ls gksrh dehds lanHkZ esa ikuh gkfly djus dh gS] ftlds ckjs esa 'kgjhdj.k dh uhfr;ka pqIi gSaA o"kZ 2008 easHkkjr ds 'kgjksa esa ikuh ds fy, 1738 >xM+s gq;s ftuesa 19 yksx ekjs x;s] o"kZ 2009 esa budhla[;k 1903 igqap xbZAo"kZ 2007 esa 83 fcfy;u yhVj ikuh dh t:jr Fkh ij egt 56 fcfy;u yhVj ikuh dh vkiwfrZgks ik jgh Fkh ;kfu 27 fcfy;u yhVj ikuh dh deh FkhA o"kZ 2030 esa t:jr gksxh 189fcfy;u yhVj ikuh dh vkSj miyC/k gksxk dsoy 95 fcfy;u yhVjA ;kuh deh 27 fcfy;uyhVj ls ckj[k.M 25 0-76 djksM+ 31 1-20 djksM+djrs&djrs ogak cl tkrs gSaA vktyxHkx 34 djksM+ yksx 'kgjksa esa jgrs gSa jktLFkku 24 1-55 djksM+ 33 2-95 djksM+ijUrq buesa ls 40 Qhlnh yksx ,slh NRrhlxqXxh cfLr;ksa esa jgrs gSa tgak u rks mRrjizns'k 21 3-992 djksM+ 26 6-89 djksM+'kkSpky; dh O;oLFkk gS u ihus dklkQ ikuh gS vkSj [kqyh ukfy;ksa ls xank ikuh cg&cgdj mUgsa gj dne lko/kkuh ls mBkus ds30


fy;s foo'k djrk gSA vf/kd`r vkadM+ksa ¼Hkkjr ljdkj½ ds eqrkfcd Hkkjr esa 52 gtkj >qXxhcfLr;kaa gSaA tkusekus lkekftd vFkZ'kkL=h fdaXlys Msfol us bls vfr&'kgjhdj.k ds :i esaifjHkkf"kr fd;k gSA os ekurs gSas fd xkaoksa esa lalk/kuksa dk lgh rjhds ls nksgu u gksus vkSjxjhch ds dkj.k xkao ls yksx 'kgj dh vksj iyk;u djrs gSaA ftruh xjhch xkao esa c


dk;ZdrkZ dh eqykdkr gks jgh gS fdUrq 'kgjksa esa dsoy 10 Qhlnh yksxksa ls LokLF; dk;ZdrkZrhu ekg dh vof/k esa feyrs gSaA 'kgj] l'kfDrdj.k dk i;kZ; ugha gSA xkao esa 33-1 izfr'krefgyk;sa viuh ethZ ls dgha Hkh cgj tk ldrh gSa ij 'kgj esa 20-1 izfr'kr efgyk;s agh ,slkdj ikrh gSaA lsDl ds ekeys esa xkao esa 16-6 izfr'kr efgyk;sa badkj dj nsrh gSa ij 'kgj esa 8-9izfr'kr efgyk;sa gh ,slk dj ikrh gSaA 'kgj ds cPps iwjh rjg ls LoLF; ugha gSa( ogka 32-7izfr'kr cPps dqiks"k.k ds f'kdkj gSaA tUe ds igys ?kaVs esa 69-7 izfr'kr cPpksa dks eka dk nw/k ughafn;k tkrk gS vkSj 35-5 izfr'kr dks rks thou dk igyk fnu Hkw[ks gh xqtkjuk iM+rk gSAo"kZ 1993&94 esa 57 izfr'kr 'kgjh ifjokjksa dks Hkkjrh; fpfdRlk vuqla/kku ifj"kn }kjk r;de ls de 2100 dSyksjh ls de ÅtkZ dk Hkkstu feyrk FkkA o"kZ 2004&05 esa bu ifjokjksa dhla[;k c


ifjogu lEcU/kh djksa&fu;eksa dks f'kfFky djuk iM+k( ftldk cktkj us [kwc Qk;nk mBk;kA;g ekuk tkrk gS fd 'kgjhdj.k us T;knkrj etnwjks] eSdsfudksa vkSj lsok ds {ks«k esa jkstxkj ds[kwc volj iSnk fd;s gSa ijUrq lp ;g gS fd 'kgjksa dks vkus okys yksxksa dks dkS'ky&{kerkfoghuekudj 'kkjhfjd Je dk dke gh fn;k tkrk gS ftlls u rks mUgsa jkstxkj dh lqfuf'prrkgksrh gS vkSj de etnwjh ds dkj.k mudh vkfFkZd fLFkfr esa Hkh cnyko ugha vk ikrk gSA t:jhgS fd ftu {ks=ksa dks ge LFkkbZ fodkl ds fy;s csgn egRoiw.kZ ekurs gSa muds fy, yksxksa dksizf'k{k.k nsdj dkS'ky lEiUUk cuk;k tk;s( ;g uhfr vc rd dgha mHkj ugha ikbZ gSAHkkjr dh jk"Vªh; 'kgjh vkokl uhfr ¼2007½ ds eqrkfcd 10 o"kksaZ esa Hkkjr esa lhekar dkexkjksa dhla[;k esa 'kgjksa esa 360 izfr'kr dh o`f) ntZ dh xbZ tcfd eq[; dkexkjksa ¼ftUgsa dkS'kylEiUu ekuk tkrk gS½ esa egt 23 izfr'kr dh c


gSA vgenkckn&xka/khuxj u dsoy ,d gks x;s gSa cfYd muds tYnh gh 190 xkao 'kkfey gkstk;saxsA bankSj vkSj nsokl ds chp dksbZ nwjh ugha jg tk;sxhA dqy feykdj Hkh"k.k foLrkj gksxk'kgjksa dk( ij ftUnxh dk foLrkj gks ik;sxk D;k\ ;g ekuk tk jgk gS fd ljdkj dks 85izfr'kr jktLo 'kgjksa ls izkIr gksxk( blesa ;g rF; NksM+ fn;k x;k gS fd Hkkjr dh lok lkSdjksM+ dh tula[;k dk isV Hkjus ds fy;s vukt dh iSnkokj 'kgjhdj.k ls ugha gksxhA ,ethvkbZ dk vkadyu crkrk gS fd vxys 20 lkyksa esa Hkkjr ds 5 jkT;ksa ¼rfeyukMq] xqtjkr]egkjk"V] dukZVd vkSj iatkc½ dh 50 Qhlnh ls T;knk tula[;k 'kgjh gks tk;sxhAvkt 42 'kgjksa dh tula[;k 10 yk[k ls T;knk gS] vxys 20 lkyksa esa ,sls 'kgjksa dh la[;k 68gks tk;sxhA ldy ?kjsyw mRikn ;kuh thMhih ds ekeys esa crk;k x;k gS fd 2008 esa 'kgjksa lstks 50 izfr'kr dk Fkk og 2030 esa c


gksuk pkfg;s ij orZeku esa ;g miyC/krk egt 100 yhVj ls Hkh de gS] ty ladV ds dkj.kftlds vkxs vkSj de gksus dh laHkkouk gSA blh rjg ,d O;fDr ds fy, m|ku&[kqys LFkku dhmiyC/krk 16 oxZ ehVj gksuk pkfg;s ij vkt dsoy 2-7 oxZ ehVj [kqyk LFkku miyC/k gSAeSdsUth dh fjiksVZ dgrh gS fd vxys 20 o"kksaZ esa thou dh xq.koRrk cgqr ?kVsxh D;ksafdcqfu;knh lsokvksa dh ekax rks cqXxh cfLr;ksa esa jgrs gSa vkSj budh ftUnxh dk lcls cM+k lp gS vk/kk [kkyh isVA ;gak52 gtkj >qXxh cfLr;ka gSa ij buesa ls dsoy vk/kh dks gh oS/kkfud ekuk tkrk gSA pkSdkus okyhckr ;g gS fd rFkk&dfFkr voS/kkfud cfLr;ksa esa 17 djksM+ cPps jgrs gSA vkSj vLoPNrk dslkFk Hkw[k dks thrs gSaA bUgsa u rks LFkkbZ irk feyrk gS u igpkuA u ikuh ihus dks u fctyhvkSj lQkbZAvk; cgqr de gksus ds dkj.k ;s iks"k.k;qDr Hkkstu ij T;knk [kpZ ugha dj ikrs gSaA loksZPpU;k;ky; ds vk;qDrksa dh vkBoh fjiksVZ ¼i`"B 62½ eqrkfcd Hkkjr esa 46 izfr'kr cPps dqiksf"kr gSafdUrq 'kgjh >qXxh cfLr;ksa esa 70 izfr'kr cPps Hkw[k ds lkFk thrs gq;s dqiks"k.k ds f'kdkj gks pqdsgSaA 'kgjksa dk ;g lekt dsoy 9-55 fdyksxzke [kk|kUu dk gj ekg miHkksx djrk gSA cfLr;ksa35


esa 2970 vkaxuokM+h dsUnz [kksyus dh t:jr gS ij oS/kkfud&voS/kkfud cfLr;ksa dh cgl dschp cPpksa dks iks"k.k dk vf/kdkj gh ugha fey ik jgk gSA cLrh ds yksx ,slh vLokLF;djifjfLFkfr;ksa esa dke djrs gSa tks dbZ chekfj;ksa dk dkj.k curh gSa vkSj yxkrkj pyus okyhHkq[kejh mUgsa mu chekfj;ksa ls yM+us dh rkdr gkfly ugha djus nsrhA bu cfLr;ksa esa thouthuk gj fnu dh ,d pqukSrh gS ij fQj Hkh bUgsa [kk| lqj{kk dk vf/kdkj nsus esa bruh fgpdD;ksa\ D;k ge vius gh lekt esa ,d u;k HksnHkko iSnk ugha dj jgs gSa\ekin.M ;g gS fd gj >qXxh cLrh dks ,d ty&ey fudkl O;oLFkk ¼Mªsust½ feyuk pkfg;s ij44 Qhlnh >qfXx;ksa esa bldk vHkko gSA us'kuy lSEiy losZ vkxZukbZts'ku crkrk gS fd 51izfr'kr vlwphc) cfLr;ksa eas 'kkSpky; dh dksbZ O;oLFkk ugha gS vkSj 73 izfr'kr esa okgu igqapusyk;d lM+d ugha ikbZ xbZA yxHkx 80 Qhlnh cfLr;ksa esa lIrkg esa ,d ckj gh dpjk mBkusdh O;oLFkk dh xbZ gS ftlls LoPNrk dk iwjk fe'ku /oLr gks tkrk gSA ;g fLFkfr 'kgj dkschekfj;ksa dk LFkkbZ fBdkuk Hkh cukrh gSA'kgjhdj.k dh ftEesnkjh dks vHkh ge le> ugha ik;s gSaA Hkkjr esa lkbZfdy fjD'kk ifjogu dklcls cgqvk;keh ilanhnk vkSj i;kZoj.k fe= lk/ku jgk gSA budk lM+dksa ls gVus dk eryc gS;krk;kr ds ,sls eagxs lk/kuksa dk c


csgn fgald ekgkSy curk gSA dsoy fnYyh esa gh 10 vkoklghu efgyk;sa gSa vkSj muesa ls dsoy1 Qhlnh dks gh dgha vkJ; fey ikrk gSA ,sls esa mUgsa nqO;Zogkj vkSj mRihM+u ds fy;s lgtmiyC/k ekuk tkrk gSA**ikap gtkj o"kksaZ dk ,sfrgkfld ifjizs{; crkrk gS fd ,d LFkku ij bdV~Bk gksdj O;kikfjdxfrfof/k dh t:jr us 'kgjhdj.k dks izsfjr fd;k gS ijUrq 'kgj dHkh Hkh mRiknu ds dsUnz ughacusA mRiknu ds dsUnz rks xkao gh jgs] viuh igpku vkSj O;oLFkk ds lkFk Lora= gjrs gq;sAvkt 'kgjhdj.k dh izfØ;k esa ;g fl)kUr rkd ij j[k fn;k x;k gS fd thou e'khuksa]dEI;wVj vkSj xxupqEch bekjrksa ds fcuk py ldrk gS ijUrq vukt] [ksrh vkSj [ksfrgj lektds fcuk ftUnxh laHko ugha gSA vkt 'kgjhdj.k dh pdkpkSa/k gesa vkdf"kZr t:j dj jgh gSijUrq vxys dqN o"kksaZ esa gh ;g liuk VwVrk utj vk;sxk D;ksafd tc vukt dh deh gksxh vkSjnke igqap ds ckgj gksaxs rc 'kgj dh vksj Hkkx jgs lekt dks fQj ls xkao vkSj [ksrh dh vksjykSVuk iM+sxkA ;g 'kgjhdj.k gj lky osDVj cksuZ chekfj;ksa esa 16 izfr'kr dh nj ls btkQkdj jgk gSA bu chekfj;ksa dk bykt vkt ns'k ds uxkfjdksa ds dtZnkj gksus dk lcls cM+kdkj.k gSA ;g fcanq Hkh egRoiw.kZ gS fd Hkkjrh; jkT; dks izHkkfor djus esa [ksrh vkSj [ksfrgjlekt vge~ jgk gS D;ksafd og mRiknd dh Hkwfedk esa jgk gS ij [ksrh dh uhfrxr mis{kk vkSjljdkj ds lkFk NksM+ nsus ds dkj.k [ksrh ?kkVs dk lkSnk cu xbZA ftlls xkao ds yksxksa dks [ksrhdk fodYi NksM+dj 'kgj dh vksj iyk;u djus dk fodYi viukuk iM+kA os bl mEehn esa jgsfd 'kgj esa jgs fd 'kgj esa jkstxkj feysaxsA vc ;g ladsr feyus yxs gSa fd egkuxjksa esa Hkhjkstxkj ds volj vc pje voLFkk esa vk jgs gSaA vc ogak Hkh ukmEehnh iljus yxh gSAla;qDrjk"Vª ekuo vf/kdkj vk;ksx }kjk vkokl vf/kdkj ij fu;qDr fo'ks"k izfrfuf/k feyudksBkjh dgrs gSa fd fodkl ds uke ij yksxksa dh tcfj;k csn[kyh ,d LFkkbZ uhfr curh tkjgh gSA bls eSa 'kgjh vkSj xzkeh.k vyxkookn dgrk gwaA ns'k esa xjhcksa dks vehjksa ls vyx djds,d vyx oxZ ds :i esa LFkkfir fd;k tk jgk gSA 'kgjksa esa vkoklh; fodkl gks jgk gS mlesadsoy lEiUuksa ds fy, LFkku gS vkSj xjhcksa dks /kdsy dj gkf'k;s ij nM+cksa esa jgus ds fy,etcwj fd;k tk jgk gSAHkkjr ds 908 'kgjksa esa ls dksbZ Hkh ,slk 'kgj ugha gS tks 'kgjokfl;ksa dks gj jkst i;kZIr ek=k esaikuh ns jgk gks( D;ksafd og ,slk dj gh ugha ldrkA 'kgj esa tks fo'ks"k izHkko'kkyh bykds gksrsgSa dsoy ogha gj le; ikuh vkSj fctyh gSA vfu;ksftr 'kgjhdj.k gksus ij ikuh] tehu vkSjtaxy tSls lhfer lalk/kuksa ij Hkkjh ncko iM+rk gSA vc Hkksiky esa ljdkj LFkkuh; tylalk/ku ls ukxfjdksa dks ikuh fiykus dh fLFkfr esa ugha gS blfy, Ms


miyC/k gSa] mudk lkeqnkf;d izca/ku djrs gq;s gh 'kgjhdj.k dh t:jr ij fopkj fd;k tkukpkfg,A ijUrq ekStwnk le; esa izkd`frd lalk/kuksa ij ,dN= dCtk djus dh ea'kk j[kus okysuo iwathoknh O;kikfj;ksa dks Qk;nk igqapkus ds fy;s csrjrhc 'kgjhdj.k dh odkyr gks jgh gSA;g bl ns'k ds fy;s ldkjkRed ladsr ugha gSAxzkeh.k O;oLFkk esa lekt ;g tkurk gS fd gekjs lalk/ku tSls ikuh] tehu] moZjrk] i;kZoj.k]lc dqN vlhe ugÈ gSa] cfYd lhfer gSaA blfy, mudk csgrj çca/ku gksuk pkfg,A blhfopkj dk ikyu djrs gq, gj xk¡o vius ;gk¡ ikuh dh lajpuk;s curk vkSj muds j[k j[kkodjrk jgkA bu lalk/kuksa dks mlus viuh vkLFkkvksa, foÜokl vkSj laLfr ds lkFk tksM+k- mlusviuh t:jrksa dks lhfer j[kk rkfd lalk/kuksa dk vuqfpr vkSj T;knk nksgu uk djuk iM+s- D;kthou ds ;g fl)kar vkt ds 'kgjhdj.k esa fn[kkbZ nsrs gSa! bfrgkl crkrk gS fd eksgu tksnM+ksds dky dk 'kgjhdj.k fodsfUær Fkk vkSj xk¡o dh lkekftd vFkZO;oLFkk dks enn djus vkSjmls l'kä cukus dh Hkwfedk fuHkkrk FkkA ;g O;oLFkk e/;dky rd pyhA ijUrq fczfV'k 'kkluesa xk¡o ds lalk/kuksa dks ywVus dk tfj;k 'kgjksa dks cuk;k x;kA vaxzstksa }kjk r; dh x;h blHkwfedk dks ge vkt Hkh cjdjkj jgs gq, gSaA vkt dk vfu;afrzr vkSj cngokl 'kgjhdj.kegkuxjksa ds vkl ikl dsfUær gS vkSj xk¡o dh vFkZO;oLFkk vkSj lalk/kuksa ds çca/ku esa enn ugÈdjrk gS cfYd mu ij dCt+k djus dh dksf'k'k dj jgk gSA vc xzkeh.k Hkkjr vcZu bafM;k dkmifuos'k cu jgk gSA38


•äÿÊÿ - {Áð.°Ù.°Ù.Øê.¥æÚU.°×. - âãUÖæ»è çß·¤æâ ·¤è Ù§üU ÖêÜÖéÜñØæfFkZd mnkjhdj.k ds nkSj ds ckn tulgHkkfxrk dk tqeyk u;s dysoj esa lkeus vk;k vkSjppkZ dk dsUnz cukA ;gk¡ tulgHkkfxrk ds ek;us 'kkldh; ç;klksa esa tuksa dks 'kkfeydjus ;kfu mudh lgHkkfxrk lqfuf'pr djus ls ugha gS vfirq bl vkM+ esa ;g fo'kq) :Ik lsfuthdj.k dks c


;g lHkh 7 o"kkZsaaa esa gh gksuk pkfg;sA bl ;kstuk esa 50 çfr'kr jkf'k dsUnz] 20 çfr'kr~ jkf'kjkT; ljdkj rFkk 30 çfr'kr jkf'k LFkkuh; fudk;ksa dks [kpZ djuh gSATks-,u-,u-;w-vkj-,e dh phjQkM+vfrmRlkfgr utfj;k rks gesa lq/kkj ds bl dk;ZØe ds i{k esa xky ctkus ij gesa etcwj djsxkysfdu fo'ys"k.kkRed utfj;k bl lanHkZ esa gekjs dneksa dks nks dne ihNs [khap ysrk gSa] vkb;stksj&'kksj ls çpkfjr dh tk jgh bl ;kstuk ds fofHkUu i{kksa dks lesVus dh ge dksf'k'kdjrs gSaA Hkzkafr & loZçFke rks ;g fd bl ;kstuk dks ysdj cM+h okgokgh ywVh tk jgh gS fd ;g;kstuk ;wih, ljdkj dh ;kstuk gS tcfd ;g ;kstuk nloha iapo"khZ; ;kstuk¼2002&07½ ds 'kgjh fu;kstu dk dk ,d Hkkx gS uk fd ;wih, ljdkj dk ,ts.M+kA ;gegt la;ksx gh gS fd ;g ;kstuk 2005 esa ykxw gqbZ vkSj rc lRrk:


;g lkeF;Z ds vuq:Ik 'kgjh xjhcksa dks vkokl miyC/k djkus dh ckr djrk gS ysfdufuth {ks= dh lgHkkfxrk gksus ij ;g lkeF;Z D;k gksxh] ;g le> ls ijs gS D;w¡fd vHkhrd ds vuqHko crkrs gSa fd 'kgjh vfHkdj.kksa ;k 'kkldh; f'k{kk laLFkkuksa }kjk tks LVkQDokVj cuk;s x;s gSa os fdl gn rd xjhcksa dh igq¡p ds ckgj gSa \ eryc mu edkuksa dhdher Hkh os gh r; djsxsa tks mls cuk;saxs vkSj vQksZMscy ¼lkeF;Z½ dh ifjHkk"kk Hkh mudhgh gksxh] fQj pkgs og xjhc dh igq¡p esa gks ;k uk gks \lEifRr dj dk mfpr ,d=hdj.k vkSj vxys 7 o"kksZsa esa ;g 85 çfr'kr rd gks tk;sAmi;qDr miHkksDrk 'kqYd yxkukA ;gk¡ mi;qDr dh ifjHkk"kk dkSu r; djsxk\LoHkkor%futh {ks= fQj pkgs xjhc dh peM+h m/kM+ tk;sAjkT; Lrjh; lq/kkj ¼vfuok;Z lq/kkj½74osa lafo/kku la'kks/kuksa ds çko/kkuksa dks ykxw djkuk blds ek;us ;gh gq;s fd vHkh rd;g ykxw ugha gS \,d vkSj [krjukd lq/kkj gS ^'kgjh gncanh vf/kfu;e* dks [kRe djuk ;kfu futh {ks=vkxs vk;sa vkSj ^ck¡Vks vkSj ywVks* ds xhr dks dkuwuh rtZ fey tk;sALVkWEi M~;wVh de djukA ;s lHkh lq/kkj ,d nwljs ls cM+s gh lqO;ofLFkr a>V okyh çfØ;kvksadks vklku cukukAd`f"k ;ksX; Hkwfe dk xSj d`f"k dk;kZsa ds fy;s :ikUrj.k ds fy;s dkuwuh çfØ;k dkljyhdj.k] tcfd d`f"k uhfr]d`f"k Hkwfe ds xSj d`f"k mi;ksx dks jksdus ij tksj nsrh gS\


lykgdkj lhMhih ¼flVh MsOgyiesaV Iyku½ ds lanHkZ esa viuk Kku eksVh jdeksa ds cnys ck¡Vjgs gSa os iwoZ esa Qk;usUl ekdsZV esa dke djrs jgs gSaA os vpkud 'kgjh fu;kstu ds fo'ks"kK dSlsgks x;s\Hkksiky ds fo'ks"k lanHkZ esa Tks-,u-,u-;w-vkj-,eHkksiky ds fo'ks"k lanHkZ esa ns[ksa rks ;gk¡ ij tulgHkkfxrk dk u;k Lo:i lkeus vk;k gS D;ksafd;gk¡ ij 'kgj fu;kstu dk n`f"V i= ;kfu lhMhih ¼flVh MsOgiyesaV IykWu½ egt rhu ekg esa ghcudj rS;kj gks x;kA vc pw¡fd bl ;kstuk dk iSlk ^igys vkvks igys ikvks* ds fl)kar ij ghfn;k tkuk gS ftlds pyrs vkuu&Qkuu esa gh lh Mh ih cuk fn;k x;kA ;gk¡ ;g HkhmYys[kuh; gS fd ftu lykgdkjksa dk lhMhih cukus esa lgHkkx jgk gS mudh viuh fo"k; ijidM+ fdruh gS\lhMhih dh ewy Hkkouk ;gh Fkh fd 'kgj ds fodkl dk ,d n`f"V i= cuk;k tk;s ftlesatulgHkkfxrk lqfuf'pr dh tk;s vkSj LFkkuh; tuksa dh çkFkfedrk ds vk/kkj ij gksus okysdk;kZsa dks lwphc) fd;k tkuk FkkA ijUrq Hkksiky esa gqvk blds foijhrA okMZ lHkkvksas esa ppkZdj lh Mh ih rS;kj fd;s tkus ds nkos rks [kwc fd;s tk jgs gSa ijUrq fdruh cSBdsa gqbZa \D;k ppkZgqbZ\ fdrus lq>ko vk;s\;s vk¡dM+k fdlh ds ikl Hkh ugha gSAtulgHkkfxrk dk ,d rjhdk rks ;g gS fd veqd&veqd dk;Z veqd ;kstuk ds rgr~ vkids;gk¡ fd;s tkus gSa] ;g egt+ ik x;k\tcfd mDrfoHkkx 'kgj dk ekLVj IykWu rS;kj dj jgk gSA vFkkZr~ tc lhMhih dh çfØ;k dks ysdj nksvkilh foHkkxksa esa gh erHksn gks rks fQj vke turk dh lgHkkfxrk lqfuf'pr djus dh ckrsacsekuh gSa\lwpuk ds vf/kdkj ds varZxr~ vkosnu yxkus ij ¼vkosnu yafcr gS½ Hkh lhMhih dh çfr ns[kusdks ugha nh tk jgh gS rks fQj cLrh Lrj ij fdruk fopkj foe'kZ gqvk gksxk] ;g le> ls ijsgSA vf/kdkjh x.k dgrs gSa fd lh Mh ih baVjusV ij vke turk ds fy;s miyC/k gS rks ;gfLFkfr gkL;kLin gS D;ksafd fdrus çfr'kr vke yksx baVjusV dk mi;ksx djrs gSa ;k fdrusyksxksa dh baVjusV rd igq¡p gS\;g ,d xaHkhj loky gS \vkSj ;fn tulgHkkfxrk ds ek;us ;ghgS rks gekjh blls vlgefr gS\42


,Mhch dtZs dk ?kkyesy vkSj xjhcksa dk mife'kuKkr gks fd uxjh; tykiwfrZ ,oa i;kZoj.k lq/kkj ifj;kstukarZxr~ Hkksiky 'kgj esa ,Mhch dkdjksMksa :i;k dtZ fy;k x;k gS] bl ;kstuk ds varZxr~ tykiwfrZ ds laca/k esa dbZ lq/kkj fd;stk;saxs] ftlesa ls ,d [krjukd lq/kkj ;g gS fd o"kZ 2009 rd lkoZtfud {ks= ds lkjstyL=ksr can dj fn;s tk;saxsa rFkk tks iSlk nsxk ogh ikuh ysxk A Hkksiky esa uxjfuxe us bl;kstuk dks ts,u,u;wvkj,e esa lekfgr djus dk QSlyk fy;k gS vFkkZr~ tc ;kstuk lekfgrgksxh rks fQj 'krZsa Hkh ykxw gksaxh \ vc ;gk¡ ls nwljs mife'ku ¼xjhcksa dks cqfu;knh lqfo/kk;sa½ esa>k¡dus dk ç;kl djrs gSa rks va/ksjk gh va/ksjk utj vkrk gSA Hkkjr esa dsoy lq[k] lqfo/kkvksa vkSj 'kkSd ds rkSj ij 'kgjhdj.kdk foLrkj gks jgk gSA vfu;ksftr 'kgjhdj.k ds dkj.k vkokl] ikuh] LoPNrk tSlht:jrsa iwjh ugha gks ik;saxh vkSj u;s :i esa >qXxhcfLr;ksa dkfoLrkj gksxkA ifjogu dh leL;k c


•äÿÊÿ - |çßSÍæÂÙ ·¤æ δàæ ÕÙæ× ¥çSÌˆß ·¤æ â´·¤ÅU(‚ÍπË ‚appleflÁŸÿÊ ∑§apple§ •◊ÊŸflËÿ ¬˝ÿÊappleª ∑§Ë ŒÊSÃÊ°)rlfYy;ksa ds brus lky ckn] vius gky ijfuxkg M+ky] lksp vkSj lksp dj loky djdgk¡ x;s oks ok;ns] lq[kksa ds [okc D;k gq;srq>s Fkk ftudk bartkj] oks tokc D;k gq;srw mudh >wBh ckr ij uk vkSj ,rckj djfd rq>dks lk¡l&lk¡l dk] lgh fglkc pkfg;sf?kjs gSa ge loky ls] gesa tokc pkfg;s ‡Ê‹÷ üÊË ⁄UÊ◊Á‚¥„U[k vkSj vfLrRo dk la?k"kZ gj ckj ,d ubZ dM+h ds lkFk vius fodjky :Ik esa utj vkrk gSvkSj gj ckj ;g ubZ dM+h bl vfLrRoeku /kkjkokfgd dks thfor j[kus esa ennxkj fl)gksrh gSA etsnkj ;g gS fd bl /kkjkokfgd dk vxyk iM+ko uk rks fuekZrk tkurk gS vkSjuk gh funZs'kd\ r; gS rks egt bruk fd gj ckj pfj= dks gh viuh dqckZuh nsuk gSAxkSj djus yk;d ckr ;gk¡ ;g Hkh gS fd gj ckj gj ubZ dM+h fdlh uk fdlh dgkor dk fcxM+kLo:i gh gSA bl ckj dh dgkuh 'kq: djsaxs bl dgkor ls tks fd bl :Ik esa çpyu esa gS fd^nky esa dqN dkyk gS*A ;g dgkor fdlh Hkh vfLRkRoeku çlax esa rfud xM+cfM+;ksa dh vksjb'kkjk djrh gS vkSj bls jkstejkZ dh ftanxh esa vkVs esa ued feykus tSlh fLFkfr;ksa lslqifjHkkf"kr fd;k tk ldrk gSA ;gk¡ fparktud ;g gS fd vkne ds çxSfrgkfld ;qx ds lkFk;g O;oLFkk orZeku esa yxHkx vkn'kZ lh O;oLFkk ds :Ik esa tkuh tkus yxh gS vkSj bu cnyhifLFkfr;ksa esa uoih


udk Hkh ,d bfrgkl gS!fnlacj 2004 dh dM+dM+krh BaM esa HkksikyjsYos LVs'ku ds lehi jsyos dh ch&dsfcurFkk ,&dsfcu ds ikl iVfj;ksa ds fdukjsfiNys iSarhl o"kksZaa ls fuokljr yxHkx 300ifjokjksa dks gVk fn;k x;kA gVk;s tkus dhHkh pj.kc) çfØ;k ;g Fkh fd igys rksuojkf= ds nkSjku vDVkscj ekg esa vpkudgh >qfXx;ksa dks rksM+us dh dok;n 'kq: djnh xbZ rFkk fQj ekuoh;rk ds ?kfM+;kyhvk¡lw cgkrs gq;s uxjfuxe rFkk jsYos dsyksxksa us nks ekg dh eksgyr nhA;s tk;saxs dgk¡ \djsaxs D;k \bldh lkspusdh fQØ fdlh dks ugha Fkh rc cLrh ds ghdqN ukStoku lkfFk;ksa us la?k"kZ fd;k vkSjrc tkdj ;g r; gqvk fd cfLr;k¡ tk;saxhlw[kh lsofu;kA ;kfu vius orZeku fuoklls yxHkx 15 fd-eh- nwjA bls gh fu;freku dj uxj fuxe ds Vªdksa ij yn djpy iM+k dkfQyk lw[kh lsofu;k dh vksjAdqN lkFk pys vkSj fdlh us vklikl ghlj fNik fy;kA viuksa ls fcNM+us dk nq%[k;k vius vkf'k;kuksa dks NksM+us dh ihM+k]vius b"Vksa dks NksM+us dk nnZ vkSj vuk;kllk Hk;] [kq'koUr flag dh Hkk"kk esa dgsa rks;g 'kh"kZd gksrk ^Vªd Vw lw[khlsofu;k*Atc yksxksa dks tcju gVk;k tkrk gS rks mRiknuO;oLFkk u"V &Hkz"V gks tkrh gS]A yacs le; lsdk;e cfLr;ka u"V gks tkrh gSa vkSj ,d oa'k dsyksx fc[kj tkrs gSaA jkstxkj o ifjlaifr;kalekIr gks tkrhs gSaA cPpksa dh ns[kHkky esa ijLijlg;ksx] [kk| lqj{kk] jktLo gLrkarj.k] Je dsvknku &iznku vksj cqfu;knh lkekftd&vkfFkZdlg;ksx ds L=ksr vukSipkfjd lkekftd


jksth jksVh dk la?k"kZ vkSj lw[kh lsofu;kigys fuokl ls egt vk/kk fdyksehVj ds nk;js esa gh dke fey tkrk Fkk] iq:"k oxZ lCth eaMho jsYos eky xksnke esa gEekyh] fuekZ.k etnwjh] dckM+ dk /ka/kk rFkk 'kknh lekjksgksa esa [kkuk cuksrFjk cRrh mBkus dk dke djrs Fkk tcfd efgyk;sa vkl&ikl ds ?kjksa esa >kM+w yxkus rFkkcRrh yxkus ds dk;Z djrh FkhaA bu dk;ksZa esa efgyk&iq:"kksa dks Øe'k% 150& 200 :Ik;k feytkrs FksAvc ;gk¡ ij efgykvksa ds fy;s dksbZ dke ugha gSa] iq:"k oxZ Hkh dke djus dks ogha ykSVrk gSyfdu vc yxrk gS ,d fnu dk 18 :Ik;k çfr O;fDr çfrfnu ¼feuh cl½ vkSj Åij ls dkeuk feyk rks cSjax okilA jsy ls tkusij 10 :Ik;s yxrk gS vkSj dghafVfdV uk ys ik;s vkSj idM+k x;s rks50&100 :Ik;k ;kfu ml fnu dhetnwjh dh cfy p


dks;yk [knku rd tkuk iM+rk jgk gS] fuLrkj dk ikuh pkfg;s vk/kk fdyksehVj nwj lw[kh xzkels ykb;s A foLFkkiu ds le; ,d cksfjax vo'; fd;k x;k Fkk ijUrq fo|qr ds vHkko esa og Hkhugha pkyw gqvkA cLrh ls egt 300 ehVj dh nwjh ij ikoj gkÅl gksus ds ckn Hkh cLrh esafo|qr O;oLFkk ugha gSA 20 :i;k çfryhVj dh nj ds dsjksflu ls jkS'ku gksrh gSa ;s >qfXx;k¡A'kkSp [kqys es gh tkuk gksxk] tjk lhek ikj dh rks vkjih,Q ds toku MaM+k Qsad dj ekjrs gSaAvc tkdj yksxksa dks iV~Vk feyk gS] ysfdu og Hkh >`fXx;ksa ds uke ij gS tcfd oks iapk;r {ks=esa gSaAlkekftd lqj{kk vkSj lw[kh lsofu;kcLrh ds yxHkx 30&35 yksxksa dks lkekftd lqj{kk isa'ku ds rgr fo/kok] fodykax] fujkfJr]o`)koLFkk isa'ku dh ik=rk gS ysfdu isa'ku ysus Hkh tkuk iM+rk gS iqu% HkksikyA leqnk; dso;kso`) Hkxoku nknk dgrs gSa fd vc vkus&tkus dk yxrk gS 18 :Ik;k vkSj ;fn ml fnuisa'ku uk fey ikbZ vkSj nwljs fnu tkuk iM+k rks gks x;s 36 :i;s vFkkZr~ dqy feykdj 150:Ik;s esa ls 36 fdjk;k ;kfu 114 :Ik;k vkSj iwjk ekg ¼3-80 :i;k çfrfnu½ dqy feykdjlqj{kk ;kfu vlqj{kk ------------------ \loZf'k{kk vfHk;ku vkSj lw[kh lsofu;k;w¡ rks çR;sd cPpsa dks f'k{kk ls tksM+us ds cM+s&cM+s ok;ns ljdkj ds gSa ijUrq tks cPps igys ls ghf'k{kk xzg.k dj jgs Fks mUgsa f'k{kk dh eq[;/kkjk ls gVkdj ljdkj D;k fl) djuk pkgrh gS\vkt lw[kh lsofu;k esas 6&14 o"kZ dh mez ds yxHkx 200 cPps gSa] ijUrq ogk¡ rhu o"kZ ckn ,d'kkyk [kqyh gSA ;g 'kkyk Hkh vkaxuokM+h Hkou esa lapkfyr dh tk jgh gSALokLF; lsokvksa dk LokLF; vkSj lw[kh lsofu;k;w¡ rks iapk;r {ks= esa ,d çkFkfed LokLF; dsUnz gS ijUrq ogk¡ fpfdRld ugha gSA nks ulZ gSaijUrq mudk Hkh lIrkg esa ,d fnol gh fu/kkZfjr gSA lw[kh ds yksx rks iapk;r esa vkrs Hkh ugharks fQj os dgk¡ tk;sa \,sls esa muds le{k ,d gh fodYi gS cLrh esa ekStwn caxkyh >ksyk NkiMkWDVj vkSj ftldh Qhl gS 20 :Ik;k çfr ejhtA xaHkhj chekjh ds fy;s Hkksiky vkuk iM+sxkA[kk| lqj{kk dh fcxM+rh fLFkfr] jkstxkj dh vuqiyC/krk] LoPN is;ty dh vuqiyC/krk ls;gk¡ chekfj;ksa dk xzkQ c gSAgesa lkspuk gksxk---------- \lexzrk esa ns[ksa rks ;g iwjh çfØ;k dbZ lkjs loky [kMs djrh gSa vkSj gesa fo'ys"k.k dk voljçnku djrh gSA ;g lh/ks vkSj likV 'kCnksa esa lkekftd cfg"dkj dk ,d dwzjre uewukgSA'kgjksa dks lqanj cukus dh pkgr vkSj Hkw ekfQ;kvksa ds nokc us ljdkj dh xjhc fojks/khea'kkvksa dks ,d ckj fQj mtkxj fd;k gSA ge ,d ckj fQj ;g lkspus dks etcwj gSa fdckj&ckj yksxksa dh ftUnfx;ksa ls f[kyokM+ dc rd fd;k tkrk jgsxk \47


fo'o cSad us Hkh viuh fjiksVZ esa bl rF; dks Lohdkj fd;k gSa fd foLFkkiu ds lkFk dbZ vkSjiwjd fLFkfr;k¡ tqM+h gksrh gSa ftUgsa ekik ugha tk ldrk gSA vkfFkZd] lkekftd] vf/kdkjksa ijla;qDr jk"Vª la?k ds varZjk"Vªh; çfrKk i= ds vuqlkj] ftl ij Hkkjr us Hkh viuh Lohd`fr dheqgj yxkbZ gS] i;kZIr vkokl ds 7 ekinaM Hkh lw[kh lsofu;k dh cngkyh ij vkalw cgk jgs gSaAjkt/kkuh esa vkt foLFkkiu cuke O;oLFkkiu ,d ;{k ç'u cudj mHkj jgk gSA foLFkkfir dhtk jgh cfLr;ksa esa yksxksa ds ikl vkthfodk ds voljksa dk vHkko gS] vkSj yksx oSdfYidç;klksa dks viukus ij etcwj gSA vkSj bl vfLFkj thou 'kSyh ls thou Lrj dh xq.koRRkk esadeh vkrh gS] tks fd fdlh O;fDr@leqnk; ds lexz fodkl dh fn'kk esa ck/kd gSAlw[kh lsofu;k] xka/khuxj] vdcjiqj dh rjg gh jkt/kkuh dh dbZ vkSj cfLr;k¡ foLFkkfir fd;stkus ds rqxydh Qjekuksa dk bartkj dj jgh gSaA uxjfuxe] chMh,] utwy o lhbZ, ds u;s>qXxh O;oLFkkiu Iyku ds vuqlkj 29 djksM+ dh vfr egRokdka{kh ifj;kstuk us vkdkj ysuk'kq: dj fn;k gS vkSj ftlesa Hkksiky 'kgj dh 75 cM+h >qXxh cfLr;ksa cuke 12000 ifjokjksa dsfoLFkkiu dk fu;kstu fd;k tk jgk gSA ;gk¡ loky ;g gS fd tc 'kklu us iwoZ esa gh foLFkkfircfLRk;ksa dks ys dj viuh Hkwfedk iwjh ugha dh gS rks fQj ubZ cfLr;ksa ds foLFkkiu ds fo"k; esalkspk Hkh dSls tk ldrk gS \48


•äÿÊÿ - }¥çßEæâ ·¤æ ÙØæ àæãUÚ““∞∑§ ∑§„UÊŸË ÿÍ° „UË””js lkeus ,d loky rc mHkj dj vk;k tc ;g irk pyk fd Hkkjr dk lcls vk/kqfud vkSjHkO; caxyq# gokbZ vÏk 'kgj ls 40 fdyksehVj nwj gS ijUrq ;fn vki lLrs esa ogka ls 'kgjtkus ds fy, vkWWVks


fdjk, dk gSA og crkrs gSa fd tc tc esjk viuk vkWWVks Fkk rc eS futkeqíhu LVs'ku ls yks/khjksM ds 30 #i;s ysrk Fkk ij vc 50 ls 60 #i;s ekaxrk gw¡A vkWWVks pyk dj vki viuh cgqrcqfu;knh t:jrksa dks Hkj iwjkdj ikrsgSa] dqN cgqr tek ugÈ gksrk gSA esa tgk¡xhjiqjh dh >qXxhcLrh esa jgrk gw¡] D;k vkidks irk gS fd ogka jgus dk eryc gS] gj rjQ dhpM+ ls lus jkLrsvkSj rks vkSj ihus ds ikuh vkSj VÍh dh ukfy;k¡ ,d lkFk cgrh gSaA ge ftUgsa Äj dgrs gSa mudsQ'kZ dPph feVVh ds gksrs gSa vkSj tc cLrh esa ikuh Hkj tkrk gS rks ge dqN txg [kkstrs gSalw[kh gqbZ] rkfd jkr xqtkjh tk ldsA fQj tc eq>s fny dk nkSjk iM+k rks bykt ds fy, iSlspkfg, FksA ;g ,d bruk cM+k vkdfLed vkÄkr Fkk fd dqN le> gh ugÈ vk;kA loky Fkkfd bykt dSls gksxkA fodYi Fkk fd ge ljdkjh vLirky tkrsA ftuds ckjs esa dgk tkrk gSfd ogk¡ xjhcksa ds fy, LokLFk; lsok,¡ eqr gksrh gSa] ij tc ge vky bafM;k bafLVVîwV igqapsrc dgkuh lkeus vkbZA tks drkj ogk¡ Fkh] mls ns[k dj esjh [kkrwu us dgk Fkk fd ;gk¡ rksykbu esa yxs yxs tku pyh tk;sxhA ogka gj jkst+ 100 ejht+ ns[ks tkrs gSa vkSj ;fn ekeykxaHkhj gks rks gh cM+s MkWDVjksa ds isuy esa dsl tkrk gSA vxys 2&3 fnuksa esa og isuy tkap djrkgS dkxtksa dhA eSa vc lksprk gw¡ fd ;fn esjs ikl iSlk gksrk rks D;k fQj Hkh ;gh fLFkfr gksrh]fcydqy ugÈ! ge d+t+Z ugÈ ysuk pkgrs Fks vkSj dqN tek iw¡th Fkh ugÈ rks nksuksa vkWWVks csap fn,Atc FkksMk Bhd gq, rks irk pyk vc muds ikl dksbZ lk/ku ugÈ gSa] ftlls vkthfodk pyldsA fny ds vkWijs'ku ds 20 fnu ckn mUgksaus fdjk, ij vkWWVks dh ryk'k dh] ij ;fn dksbZFkksMk csgrj ifjokj gksrk rks mls de ls de 4 ekg vkjke djuk gksrk] tks fny ds vkWWijs'ku dsfglkc ls U;wure t:jr gSA ;gha ls bdcky oafpriu ds pØ esa QalsA fnYyh esa ,d fnu dsfy, vkWWVks dk fdjk;k ¼vkWWVks pkydksa ds fy,½ 400 #i;s gSA blds lkFk gh bZa/ku ij de ls de170 #i;s [kpZ gksrs gSaA vxj eghus Hkj dk vkSlr fudkyk tk, rks gj jkst+ 80 #i;s VªkfQdiqfyl dks nsuk iM+rs gSaA dqN eryc le>s vki!! vxj bdcky fdjk, ij vkWWVks ysdj pykjgs gSa rks mUgsa fcuk dek, 480 #i;s [kpZ djuk iM+rs gSaA vkSj ;fn lc dqN Bhd pys rks 650#i;s [kpZ gksaxs] blds ckn tks gkfly gksxk og bdcky dh tsc esa tk;xs vkSj mudk ÄjpysxkA bdcky ds eqrkfcd eghus esa 15 fnu ,sls gksrs gSa tc Qk;nk ugÈ gksrk gS vkSj [kpZgksrk gSA og dgrk gS fd ftUnxh dks fdyksehVj esa ugÈ rkSy ldrs gSa lkc] ;g Q¡lh gqbZftUnxh gSA cgqr nq[krk gS tc lkjs vkWWVksokyksa dks yqVsjk dgk tkrk gS] dksbZ ,d xyrh djnsrk gS rks iqfyl&ljdkj dgrh gS fd lkjs vkWWVksokyksa ls lko/kku jgks] os cykRdkj djrs gSa!!fnYyh tSls 'kgj esa jg dj og eghus esa 5 ls 6 gt+kj #i;s dek ikrs gSa] ftlls ogka jkst+&jkst+thou pykuk Hkj laHko gS] ,d lqjf{kr vkSj lEekutud thou feyus dh laHkkouk ugÈ gS] gSD;k! vkSj vc ge 'kgj esa jgrs gSaA 'kgj esa jguk vklku ugÈ gSA xk¡o esa rks tks Hkh dqN iw¡thjgrh gh gS] ij 'kgj esa ge tSls yksx dHkh iw¡th ugÈ cuk ldrsA gj jkst+ ge ,d pôk [kkstrsgSa ftl ij gekjh ftUnxh dh xkMh py ldsA ,d vkneh dk ,d oä dk [kkuk vxj eqæk esans[kk tk, rks de ls de 18 :i, dk iM+rk gS vkSj ikap yksxksa dk isV Hkjus ds fy, gh 180:i, dekuk ,d cM+k vkSj dfBu y{; gSA 'kgj foÜokl [k+re djrk gSA tc t:jrsa c


vkdj fnYyh esa jgus okys ekStwnk fLFkfr;ksa ds fy, 'kgj dks nks"k ugÈ nsrs gSa] tc 'kgj ds dU/kksaij bruk Hkkj iqdsaxs ghA ;fn~ gekjk xk¡o vc Hkh gesa iky ikrk rks;gk¡ dsoy Äweus vkrsA cPpksa dh ogk¡ i


T;knk FkkA ckr ;gh [k+Re ugÈ gksrh] vc dkj Mhyjksa us Hkh bl rjg dh [kcjsa IykaV djok;Èfd vc VkVk uSuks vkWWVks ls csgrj VSDlh lkfcr gksaxhA vki HkÈxsxs ugÈ] vkidks gok ugÈ yxsxhvkSj vkids LVsVl esa Hkh ck¡d dj Hkh ns[krs gSa D;k! fd gekjs ut+fj;ksa dk fuekZ.k dSls gksjgk gS! vkSj fojks/kkHkklh lkekftd O;oLFkk esa ge fdl vkSj [kM+s gksdj lc dqN ns[k jgs gSaA52

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines