Download Hindi(3.06 MB) - Equator Initiative

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Download Hindi(3.06 MB) - Equator Initiative

eq[; xfrfof/k;k¡ ,oa uohu iz;ksxLFkkuh; cht fofo/krk laj{k.k i;kZoj.kh; Ñf’k d¢ }kjk Ñf’k tSofofo/krklaj{k.k rFkk xq.koRrk o/kZu gsrq izlaLdj.k ,oa mi;qDr foi.ku d¢ }kjk fVdkÅvkthfodkvksa dks izksRlkfgr djus ds mn~ns”; ls ^xzhu Qkm.Ms”ku* 17 iw.kZdkfyddeZpkfj;¨a ds lkFk dk;Zjr gSAXkzkeh.k ykHkkFkÊbl ifj;¨tuk d¢ vf/kdka”k ykHkkFkÊ os fdlku gSa t¨ ;k r¨ Hkwfeghu gSa ;k lhekUrfdlku gaS vkSj fo”ks’k :i ls lkekftd rFkk vkÆFkd :i ls fiNM+h efgyk,a gSaAorZeku esa ^xzhu Qkm.Ms”ku* dh ifj;kstuk xfrfof/k;ka dudiqjk rkYyqdk dsyxHkx 60 xk¡oksa esa pykbZ tk jgh gSa ftuls dukZVd ds mRrjh ftyksa ds 4]000Ñ’kd ifjokjksa ls 5]000 fdlkuksa dh yf{kr vkcknh ykHkkfUor gks jgh gS ftlesaxqUMsuV~Vh xk¡o ds 41 Ñ’kd ifjokj] fljlh ds 28 vkSj chtkiqj ds 40 ifjokj“kkfey gSaA^tu/kkU;k* % fdlku Lo;a lgk;rk lewgksa dk laxBulaLFkk dh j.kuhfr yf{kr ykHkkfFkZ;ksa rd igq¡pus ds fy, Ñ’kd lewgksa dsl”kDrhdj.k ij vk/kkfjr gS ftlds vUrxZr lewgksa dk leUo;u fdlku egkla?kds :i esa fd;k tkrk gS tks lewgksa dh xfrfof/k;ksa dks tksM+rk gS vkSj mudkleUo;u djrk gSA ^xzhu Qkm.Ms”ku* }kjk lapkfyr {kerk fodkl lEca/khvkjfEHkd xfrfof/k;ka O;fDrxr Ñ’kd Lrj ij i;kZoj.kh; Ñf’k i)fr;ksa }kjkÑ’kdksa dh vkthfodkvksa dks lqn`snkjh dh {kerk vf/kd gS ,oa o`gnLrjh; ifjorZu gsrq ,d vf/kd izxfr”khy n`f’Vdks.k vko”;d gSAorZeku esa bl ifj;¨tuk {ks= esa 30 xko¨a d¢ 40 fdlku lewg “kkfey gSa ftUgsaÑf’k Lo;a lgk;rk lewg dgk tkrk gSA leLr lewg Ñ’kd egkla?k d¢ lnL; gSaftls ^tu/kkU;k* d¢ uke ls tkuk tkrk gSA l¨lkbVh iathdj.k vf/kfu;e 1960 d¢v/khu iathÑr ^tu/kkU;k* dh LFkkiuk o’kZ 2006 esa pUn mRlkgh fdlku lnL;ksad¢ lkFk gqbZ tks bl vkUnksyu dks vkxs c


kheh vkSj fLFkj Fkh ij /khjs&/khjs fdlku¨a us jlk;fud [kkn¨a d¢ Á;¨x d¨ dedj tSfod [ksrh ij t¨j fn;k ftlesa vke rkSj ij tSfod lalk/kuksa dks ,dhd`rdjus ds fy, vf/kd Je dh vko”;drk gSA LFkkuh; y¨x¨a d¢ eu esa tSfod [ksrhd¨ ysdj tUeh “kadkv¨a d¢ lek/kku d¢ fy, ^Xkzhu QkmUMs”ku* txg&txg Ñf’kcht esy¨a dk vk;¨tu djrk gS] uqDdM+ ukVd¨a vkSj ikjEifjd Ñf’k cht¨a d¢lkoZtfud nLrkostksa ds iz;ksx ls tkx:drk vfHk;ku vkSj izf”k{k.k dk;ZØe djrk gSA^Xkzhu QkmUMs”ku* dk dk;Z flQZ Ñf’k dh ikjEifjd i)fr;ksa ds iqu% izpyu rdgh lhfer ugha gS cfYd vk/kqfud oSKkfud tkudkfj;¨a v©j rduhd d¢ lkFkrkyesy cSBkdj Lons”kh Kku v©j ÁkÑfrd lalk/ku¨a d¢ laj{k.k d¢ ÁcU/ku d¨vkxs Ck


vU; thoksa ij udkjkREkd ÁHkko Mkyrs gSaA ifj;kstuk {ks= esa tSfod [kkn¨a tSlschteqzFkk] thoeqzFkk v©j iapxO; d¢ Á;¨x dks O;kid :i ls viuk;k x;k gS vkSjbldh iqujko`fRr dks iz;ksxkRed izf”k{k.kksa] izn”kZuksa o Ñ’kd QhYM fo|ky;ksa tSlhxfrfof/k;ksa }kjk izksRlkfgr fd;k x;k gSAckDl&1 % ^Xkzhu QkmUMs”ku* }kjk izpkfjr tSfod [kknsachteqzFkk % xk; dk x¨cj] pwus dk ikuh] x¨ew=] ikuh v©j ukfj;y tVkthOkeqzFkk % feV~Vh] ikuh] xk; dk x¨cj] x¨ew=] nky¨a dk vkVk] xqM+iapxO; % ?kh] x¨ew=] x¨cj] nw/k] ukfj;y] d¢yk] ngh v©j xqM^Xkzhu QkmUMs”ku* }kjk izpkfjr tSfod Ñf’k i)fr;ksa esa “kkfey gSa & Ñf’k okfudh]Ñf’k tyk”k; [ksrh] ikuh ds cgko ds lkFk vkbZ feV~Vh vkSj jsr ¼xkn½ dk [kknd¢ :i esa Á;¨x] esaM+ v©j cU/k cukuk vkSj oehZdEiksLVA1& Ñf’k okfudh %Hkkjr esa o`{kkj¨i.k ÁkjEHk ls gh [ksrh&fdlkuh dk vVwV fgLlk jgk gS ftlesavktdy dkQh deh vk;h gSA ^Xkzhu Qkm.Ms”ku* us bl izFkk dks lkeqnkf;di©/k”kkykv¨a esa isM+ksa dh ikS/k rS;kj dj [ksrksa vkSj esM+ksa ij o`{kkjksi.k }kjk vkxschy¨a v©j rkykc¨a esa bdV~Bk dj tSfod [kkn d¢ :i esa [ksrksaesa iqu% mi;¨x djus dh ijEijk jgh gSA ,d fji¨VZ d¢ vuqlkj dukZVd d¢ 26]000xkao¨a esa 36]000 rkykc¨a dh lwpuk gS tks ikuh d¢ egRoiw.kZ lz¨r d¢ lkFk&lkFkiks’kd rRoksa ls ifjiw.kZ xkn dh tSfod [kkn d¢ lz¨r dh n¨gjh Hkwfedk fuHkkrs gSaA^Xkzhu QkmUMs”ku* ds “kks/kdrkZ xkn d¢ mi;qDr mi;¨x d¢ fy, fofHkUu igyqvksa dsvkadyu esa lg;¨x djrs gSa tks gj [ksr d¢ fy, vyx&vyx g¨rs gSa vkSj mudsmi;ksx lEcU/kh izf”k{k.k }kjk mudh enn djrs gSaA4& [kkà v©j esaM+ fuekZ.k %[ksr¨a d¢ p©rjQk cU/ks v©j [kkà d¢ cukus ls mitkÅ feV~Vh d¢ {kj.k d¨ fu;af=rfd;k tk ldrk gS v©j vYi o`f’V d¢ le; ,df=r ikuh dks [ksrksa esa jksdk tkldrk gSA blls fjlko }kjk Hkw&ty Lrj esa Hkh lq/kkj gksrk gS tcfd [kkb;ksaesa ,df=r Ñf’k Qly¨a dk dpjk lM+dj tSfod [kkn dk :i ysdj [ksrksa d¨mitkÅ cukus dk dk;Z djrk gSA5& oehZdEiksLV %oehZdEiksLV& tSfod vif”k’V dks d`fe;ksa }kjk dEiksLV esa cnyus dh i)fr dksÑ’kdksa }kjk mRlkgiwoZd viuk;k x;k gSA dEi¨LV [kkn ikni iks’kd rRo¨a lsHkjiwj g¨rh gSA ;g ykxr d¢ fglkc ls lLrh iM+rh gS v©j cgqr ls fdlku bld¨vf/kd ek=k esa rS;kj dj nwljs t:jreUn fdlku¨a d¨ csap nsrs gSa ftlls mudhikjokfjd vkenuh Hkh c


iwoZ esa ftl Ñf’k Hkwfe dk {kj.k gks pqdk Fkk mldk fVdkÅ Hkwfe ÁcU/ku xfrfof/k;¨a}kjk iqu#RFkku fd;k tk jgk gSA d¢oy o’kZ 2010 esa ^Xkzhu QkmUMs”ku* }kjk 100,dM+ ls vf/kd Ñf’k Hkwfe esa tSfod [ksrh ykxw dh x;hAcht ekufp=.k ,oa iztuu^Xkzhu QkmUMs”ku* us dqN fu/kkZfjr {ks=¨a esa cht ekufp=.k dks chtksa dh fo”ks’kÁtkfr;¨a dh igpku djus dh j.kuhfr ds :Ik esa ck djrs FksAblds LFkku ij ^Xkzhu QkmUMs”ku* dVkbZ ds volj ij lky esa n¨ ckj cht esy¨adk vk;¨tu djrk gS tgk¡ fdlku egRoiw.kZ vuqHko v©j tkudkfj;¨a d¨ ck¡Vrs gSaAÁf”k{k.k v©j Án”kZu ;k=k,a^Xkzhu QkmUMs”ku* us d¢oy o’kZ 2011 esa fVdkÅ Ñf’k ds fy, 450 Áf”k{k.k l=vk;ksftr fd;sA bu Áf”k{k.k dk;Z”kkykv¨a esa fdlku¨a d¨ tSo dhVuk”kd¨a rFkktSfod [kkn¨a tSls oehZdEi¨LV] jkxh ¼fQaxj feysV½ ftls ogka xqyh dgk tkrk gSdh [ksrh( l?ku pkoy Ñf’k i)fr }kjk “kq’d Hkwfe /kku mRiknu d¢ r©j&rjhd¨avkSj mfpr cht Hk.Mkj.k rFkk Qly lq/kkj rduhdksa ds ckjs esa crk;k tkrk gSAÁf”k{k.k l= lky Hkj vyx vyx Qly¨a d¢ vuqlkj ^Xkzhu QkmUMs”ku* }kjkÁ;¨xkRed Áf”k{k.k d¢ vk/kkj ij rS;kj fd;s x;s ekWM~;wy d¢ vuqlkj vk;¨ftrfd;s tkrs gSaAbu Áf”k{k.k l=¨a d¨ Án”kZu ;k=kv¨a }kjk v©j le`) cuk;k tkrk gS ftuds}kjk vyx&vyx bykd¨a d¢ fdlku fVdkÅ Ñf’k i`Fkkvksa ds lQy ,dhdj.k dsO;kogkfjd Kku ls #c: g¨rs gSaA bl ÁfØ;k us fdlku¨a d¨ vk/kqfud r©j rjhd¢viukus tSls lkeqnkf;d cht cSad lapkfyr djus esa enn dh gSA ^Xkzhu QkmUMs”ku*Áfr o’kZ 6 ls 8 rd Án”kZu ;k=k,a vk;¨ftr djrk gSAlkekftd o vkfFkZd mUufrjlk;fud [kkn¨a dk mi;¨x cUn djus ls [ksrh d¢ [kpZs esa deh ds QyLo:ifdlku ifjokjksa dh vk; esa o`f) ds vfrfjDr muds lkekftd vkSj vkfFkZdthou esa v©j Hkh dà rjg d¢ ykHk gq, gSaA vkthfodk d¢ oSdfYid voljksa dhmiyC/krk ls fdlku¨a d¢ j¨txkj dk fofo/khdj.k gqvk gS v©j “kkd okfVdkvksadks viukus ls tSfod [kk|kUu vkSj lfCt;ksa dk mi;ksx djus ls [kk| vkSj iks’k.klqj{kk c


fodkl dh lrr~rkfodklfVdkÅ fodkl dk dk;ZØe xr 17 o’k¨± ls ,d LFkk;h xfr ls py jgk gSA ek=5 efgyk fdlku¨a d¢ lkFk “kq: fd;s x;s Qkm.Ms”ku ds bl dk;ZØe us vkt iwjsdukZVd esa cht laj{k.k v©j tSfod [ksrh d¢ oS/kkfud vkUn¨yu dk :Ik ys fy;kgSA ^Xkzhu QkmUMs”ku* bl vfHk;ku dh fujUrjrk dk;e j[krs gq, fVdkÅ [ksrhd¢ r©j&rjhd¨a dh tkx:drk dk Álkj dj jgh gS v©j ns”kh cht¨a d¢ HkUMkj.ko forj.k }kjk LFkkuh; lhekUr fdlku¨a d¨ ykHkkfUor djrh gSAfdlku Lo;a lgk;rk lewg vkSj Ñ’kd egkla?kksa dk l`tu vkSj l”kfDrdj.klrr~rk ds bl ekWMy dk izHkkoh vk/kkj gSA bl izdkj ds n`f’Vdks.k us ^xzhuQkm.Ms”ku* dks leqnk;ksa ,oa ikjfLFkfrdh ra=ksa ds chp i;kZoj.kh; ykHkksa dks tkjhj[kus] c


lEcaf/kr lanHkZ• GREEN Foundation website: greenfoundation.in• GREEN Foundation Photo Story (Vimeo) vimeo.com/16748109• GREEN Foundation. 2010. Day and night cannot dwell together. The human strand in the web of life: Community interventions as good practicein biodiversity conservation (Volume II). Community-based Biodiversity Management South Asia Programme, India. greenconserve.com/sites/default/files/pdfs/book_02.pdfblh izdkj ds vkSj dsl v/;;uksa dks i

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