NINA Rapport 646 Pörtner, H. O., Mark, F. C. & Bock. C. (2004). Oxygen limited thermal tolerance in fish?: Answers obtained by nuclear magnetic resonance techniques. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 141, 243-260. Potter, E. C. E. (1988). Movements of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., in an estuary in South-west England. Journal of Fish Biology 33 (Suppl. A), 153-159. doi:10.1111/j.1095- 8649.1988.tb05569.x Power, G. (1981). Stock characteristics and catches of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in Quebec, and Newfoundland and Labrador in relation to environmental variables. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 38, 1601-1611. Quinn, T. P. & Adams, D. J. (1996). Environmental changes affecting the migratory timing of American shad and sockeye salmon. Ecology 77, 1151-1162. Quinn, T. P. & Vøllestad, L. A. (2003). Influences of freshwater and marine growth on the egg size – egg number trade-off in coho and chinook salmon. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 133, 55-65. Quinn, T. P., Kinnison, M. T. & Unwin, M. J. (2001). Evolution of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) populations in New Zealand: pattern, rate, and process. Genetica 112/113, 493-513. Quinn, T. P., Peterson, J. A., Gallucci, V. F., Hershberger, W. K. & Brannon, E. L. (2002). Artificial selection and environmental change: countervailing factors affecting the timing of spawning by coho and chinook salmon. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 131, 591-598. Quinn, T. P., Unwin, M. J. & Kinnison, M. T. (2000). Evolution of temporal isolation in the wild: genetic divergence in timing of migration and breeding by introduced chinook salmon populations. Evolution 54, 1372-1385. R Development Core Team (2008). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Vienna. Ratkowsky, D. A., Lowry, R. K., McMeekin, T. A., Stokes, A. N. & Chandler, R. E. (1983). Model for bacterial culture growth rate throughout the entire biokinetic temperature range. Journal of Bacteriology 154, 1222-1226. Reddin, D. G., Downton, P. & Friedland, K. D. (2006). Diurnal and nocturnal temperatures for Atlantic salmon postsmolts (Salmo salar L.) during their early marine life. Fisheries Bulletin 104, 415-428. Refstie, T., Steine, T.A. & Gjedrem, T. (1977). Selection experiments with salmon II. Proportion of Atlantic salmon smoltifying at 1 year of age. Aquaculture 10, 231-242. Reist, J. D., Wrona, F. J., Prowse, T. D., Power, M., Dempson, J. B., King, J. R. & Beamish, R. J. (2006). An overview of effects of climate change on selected Arctic freshwater and anadromous fishes. Ambio 35, 381-387. Ricker, W. E. (1938). ‘Residual’ and kokanee salmon in Cultus Lake. Journal of Fisheries Research Board of Canada 4, 192-218. Riley, W. D., Ibbotson, A. T., Lower, N., Cook, A. C., Moore, A., Mizuno, S., Pinder, A. C., Beaumont, W. R. & Privitera, L. (2008). Physiological seawater adaptation in juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) autumn migrants. Freshwater Biology 53, 745-755. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.2007.01933.x Rimmer, D. M. & Paim, U. (1990). Effects of temperature, photoperiod, and season on the photobehavior of juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Zoology 68, 1098- 1103. Rimmer, D. M., Paim, U. & Saunders, R. L. (1984). Changes in the selection of microhabitat by juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) at the summer-autumn transition in a small river. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 41, 469-475. Rimmer, D. M., Saunders, R. L. & Paim, U. (1985). Effects of temperature and season on the photobehavior of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Zoology 68, 1098- 1103. Robards, M. D. & Quinn, T. P. (2002). The migratory timing of adult summer-run steelhead in the Columbia River over six decades of environmental change. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 131, 523-536. Robertson, M. J., Pennell, C. J., Scruton, D. A., Robertson, G. J. & Brown, J. A. (2004). Effect of increased flow on the behaviour of Atlantic salmon parr in winter. Journal of Fish Biology 65, 1070-1079. doi:10.1111/j.0022-1112.2004.00516.x 90
91 NINA Rapport 646 Roeckner, E., Bengtsson, L., Feichter, J., Lelieveld, J. & Rodhe, H. (1999) Transient climate change simulations with a coupled atmosphere-ocean GCM including the tropospheric sulphur cycle. J. Clim. 12, 3004–3032. Roussel, J. M., Cunjak, R. A., Newbury, R., Caissie, D. & Haro, A. (2004). Movements and habitat use by PIT-tagged Atlantic salmon parr in early winter: the influence of anchor ice. Freshwater Biology 49, 1026-1035. doi:10.1111/j.1356-2427.2004.01246.x Rustadbakken, A., L’Abée-Lund, J. H., Arnekleiv, J. V. & Kraabøl, M. (2004). Reproductive migration of brown trout in a small Norwegian river studied by telemetry. Journal of Fish Biology 64, 2-15. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2004.00275.x Rungruangsak-Torrissen, K. & Male, R. (2000). Trypsin isozymes: development, digestion and structure. In Seafood Enzymes: Utilization and Influence on Postharvest Seafood Quality (Haard, N. F. & Simpson, B. K., eds), pp. 215-269. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, Inc. Rungruangsak-Torrissen, K., Pringle, G. M., Moss, R. & Houlihan, D. F. (1998). Effects of varying rearing temperatures on expression of different trypsin isozymes, feed conversion efficiency and growth in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 19, 247- 255. Salinger, D. H. & Anderson, J. J. (2006). Effects of water temperature and flow on adult salmon migration swim speed and delay. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 135, 188- 199. Sahoo, G. B., Schladow , S. G. & Reuter, J. E. (2009) Forecasting stream water temperature using regression analysis, artificial neural network, and chaotic non-linear dynamic models. Journal of Hydrology 378, 325-342 Saunders, J. W. (1960). The effect of impoundment on the population and movement of Atlantic salmon in the Ellerslie Brook, Prince Edward Island. Journal of Fisheries Research Board of Canada 17, 453-473. Scarnecchia, D. L., Isaksson, Á. & White, S. E. (1991). Effects of the Faroese long-line fishery, other oceanic fisheries and oceanic variations on age at maturity of Icelandic north-coast stocks of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Fisheries Research 190, 207-228. Schaffer, W. M. & Elson P. E. (1975).The adaptive significance of variations in life history among local populations of Atlantic salmon in North America. Ecology 56, 577-590. Scott, D. (2001). Chemical pollution as a factor affecting the sea survival of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. Fisheries Management and Ecology 8, 487-499. doi:10.1046/j.1365- 2400.2001.00277.x Shephard, J. G. & Cushing, D. H. (1980). A mechanism for density dependent survival of larval fish as the basis of a stock-recruitment relationship. Journal du Conseil permanent International l’Exploration de la Mer 39, 160-167. Sheridan, W. L. (1962). Relation of stream temperature to timing of pink salmon escapements in south eastern Alaska. In Symposium on Pink Salmon (Wilimovsky, N.J., ed.), pp. 87-102. Vancouver: MacMillan Lectures in Fisheries, University of British Columbia. Skaugen T. (2010) Personlig kommunikasjon, ansatt NVE. Solomon, D. J. (1978). Some observations on salmon smolt migrations in a chalkstream. Journal of Fish Biology 12, 571-574. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.1978.tb04203.x Solomon, D. J. & Sambrook, H. T. (2004). Effects of hot dry summers on the loss of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, from estuaries in South West England. Fisheries Management and Ecology 11, 353-363. Solomon, S. (2007). Climate change 2007: the physical science basis : contribution of Working Group I to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Sörensen, I. (1951). An investigation of some factors affecting the upstream migration of the eels. Institute of Freshwater Research Drottningholm Report 32, 126-132. Stefansson, S. O., Berge, Å. I. & Gunnarsson, G. S. (1998). Changes in seawater tolerance and gill Na + ,K + -ATPase activity during desmoltification in Atlantic salmon kept in freshwater at different temperatures. Aquaculture 168, 271-277. Sterud, E., Forseth, T., Ugedal, O., Poppe, T.T., Jørgensen, A., Bruheim, T., Fjelstad, H.P. and Mo, T.A. 2007. Severe mortality in wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar due to proliferative kidney disease (PKD) caused by Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae (Myxozoa). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 77: 191-198.