XIII-RA I - E-Library - WMO

library.wmo.int

XIII-RA I - E-Library - WMO

() / – (WMO-No. 954) – –


lV................................ – (AMP) ............................................. (PWSP) ...................... (AgMP) ...................................................... (AeMP) (MMAOAP) ............................................................................ – (HWRP) ................. (WGH) ........................................ –(ETRP) ........................................... – (TCOP) ................................ –(lPAP) ............................................ –(LTP) .................... (NMHSs) ............................................... – ............................................................... ...................................................................... ........................................................................ ........................................................ .................................. (WSSD) ............................. ...... ....................................... ............................................................... ......... ................................................................ ..................................................... ...................................................................................


V . /.................................(RBSN) /................... (RBCN) / .................................................. /............................................... /......................... /........................................ /.............................. / ........................................................................... /.. / ................ (METAREA ll) / ( ) ............................................................. (METAREA lll(W))/(WMO) (lOC) ........................................... (JCOMM) /............................................ /................................ /


VI...............() /.......(ACMAD) / . . . ................................................................ /.............................................................. /.................................. / (WWW) ( ) ( ) – (MRQs) (TRQs) ) (RBSN) ................................................................( .............( ) ............................ ( ) .................................................... ............................................................................ ......................................................................... - - -


. / . . . . . . . . .. . . . (WWW) . . .. . ) ( () / .. . . . . . . . (WWW) . . / / . . (NMHSs) . (NEPAD) .


2 . . ( ) ( ) . . . ) ( . ) ( : . . () . "" "": "" () . . . () . (). "" () . . . . . . . (SADC) . . . . . . . . . .


3 . . . . . . .– (WWW) ) ( (WWW) (WWW) (WG/PlW) ( ). () (WG/PlW) .– ( ) .(www.wmo.ch) (WWW) – . () () . () . : . .()() . . () . . . ) ( . . . . ) ( . . (NMHSs) .


6 . AMDAR (NMSs)(EUMETNET) . (NMHSs) AMDAR . ( ) . (NMHSs) . . – (RETlM-AFRlCA) . (NMHSs) lP .(DVB) ( / ) . (RETlM- AFRlCA) . .( – ) (ACMAD) . ) ((PUMA) (EU) (MSG) . . (NMHSs) (SATCOM) .(ASECNA) (RMTN) (VSATs) ASECNA . "" ASECNA SATCOM . (AMDAR) ( ) (FM 42) AMDAR .(GTS) . . .(GTS)


7 (WMO) . (lMOP) ) (WMOSA)( (RBSN) () (GOS) . ( – ) . (RBSN) . . ٪ ) - .( (RBSN) (ASECNA) ٪ . ٪ (MTN) (SYNOPs) .(RANET)(WWW) . (ACMAD) (NMHSs) .( ) (NMHSs) . .. )(UNDP) (GEF) .( ) (EAC) (CEMAC) (ECOWAS) (lOC) (lGAD) (SADC) .((COMESA)


8 (RBSN) : (TRQs) () .( ) (MRQs) () (FLG) () . (RBSN) . . . (RBSN) . .( – ) . (AMDAR) AMDAR 0600 0000 .UTC ٪ HF/SSB . . (NMC) (GTS) (RTH) . ) ( ) ) ( .( (RAOB) . (NMSs) (GOS) (NMS) (RBSN) ( ) Weather Reporting . – "" . .


9 (CLlMAT TEMP) (CLlMAT TEMP) (RBSN) . (RBCN) . (GOS) (WWW) (WWW) (RBSN) .(RBCN) (RBCN) .(GCOS) (CBS) ( -) . (RBCN) . (GOS) . (EUMETSAT) ( ) (MSG ) .(Metop ) . AMDAR.(WMO) . (PlRATA) . (WlOMAP) () . (CBS) (JCOMM) (GOS) . (GCOS) (GCOS) . / . (GOS) (GCOS) (GUAN) (GSN) .(CBS) .


10(HlRS) (AVHRR) . AVHRR . FY-1C . / (CMA) / FY-1D . . FY-1D FY-1C .(AVHRR) ROSHYDROMET – – . ° .5 100 (FM)5 100 (FM)5 100 (FM)(APT) 137.3 31/08/1991 METEOR-2N21*137.85 15/08/1991 METEOR-3N5137.75 10/07/1998 RESURS-01N4** Meteor-2 N21 *. . Resurs-01 N4 ** (GOS) . (EUMETSAT) . " " ° ° " " . ° .(lODC) EUMETSAT .(http://www.eumetsat.de) (lODC) (lNDOEX) EUMETSAT . / (DCP) . (MDD) ° ) .( Service Black .° . NESDlS (NOAA) ( ) (CMA) . ROSHYDROMET / NOAA-16 / . .NOAA-14 ( )/ .NOAA-14 (VTX) (VHF) DTR#5 .(APT) /NOAA-15 . / . / .NOAA-12 ) ( NOAA-16 .(SBUV) NOAA-15


12 . . (AWS) . (RlCs) . .(ClMO) . .(NMHSs) . (Trappes) (Météo-France) . (ClMO) . ) / ) ( / ( (TECO/METEOREX) . . . RlCs (lMOP) .(ClMO) (RlCs) . () . . (RlCs) . . . . .


13 . . (RRCs) . ) ( . (lPC-lX) () (WRC) .(WRR) (lPC-lX) . (RPC) . . (RPCs) . . . . (RlCs) (RlCs). (ClMO) . .(RlCs) / .(www.wmo.ch) . . . .( -) .() .


14 ( – /– – – ) ( : () ) . ( /– – – . (RTH) ) ( (DCPs) "" .(METEOSAT) (NMCs) (AFTN) .(NMCs) (RMTN) / .(GTS) . . (lPC-X) . (WRDC) . .( – ) (lSS) (OlS) (DM) ( ) (GTS) .(RMTN) .: ()– ) :(MTN) ( – / – – ) ( – ( / ) / x.25 (TCP/lP) ( – ) : () – – )


15 Meteosat-7 (RMTN) – (RTH) .(RCMCs) (DCPs) .(HYCOS) . . (NMHSs) (RSMCs) (ACMAD) . (EUMETSAT) (MSG) (DRS) (LRlT) (HRlT) . (DCS) (NMCs) (RTHs) (RTHs) . (NMCs) (PCs) . / (SATCOM) .(ASECNA)(TCP/lP) / .(CBS) . – – – – – ) – – – – – (– – – – – – – – . – (RMTN) . . (MDD) (lSCS) ( ) (UKSF) (SADlS) . (RETlM) . FAX-E RETlM-2000 . (DCS) (DCP DRS) (MDD)


16 (NMHSs) . (GTS) . ) .( . (CBS OPAG) . . (RMTN) . . /(GTS) (GDPS).(NMHSs) ) (RTHs) ( .(RTT) (HF) . . (HF) . . . (DAB) (RANET) . .(RTH)


17 . . / (TCP/lP) / (TCP/lP) . . .(NMCs) (FTP) . (FTP) (GTS) . (RMTN) ) ( . . (NMCs) . (WWW) . (WRC-2000) (lTU) . . . (WRC-2003) . .(lTU-R) . . (NMCs) (RTHs) ( ) (GTS) .


18 . / : : () () (GTS) : () () . . () . () . . . . : RETlM Africa (PUMA) (RANET) (WWW) RETlM ()()( )()()()() (NMTNs) . . (RETlM Africa) (RETlM Africa) . . . . . (NMSs) RETlM Africa (GTS) .


19 (NMCs) (NMHSs) . (NWP) . . / . . (GDPS) .(NWP) (NMHSs) (NWP) :(GDPS)()()() ( )RETlM Africa () () () (GTS) . – . (DPFS) ( ) (ERA) (GDPS) . . : (EPS) () (NMHSs) () (NWP) (NMHSs) (GDPS)


20 (LAMs) . ( )() (NWP) (GTS) . ) ( * * ) (*(ACMAD). (NMCs) (GTS) . / . / . (NWP) : () . * . . (NWP) . (NWP) (NMCs) (NWP) : () (NWP) () (MOS) () .(NWP) . : ()(GDPS) () () (NWP) ()


21 (NWP) ) ( . (NWP) . . (CBS) .(NWP) (NMCs) . (NWP) . : () ) ( () . . () (CBS) () . (NWP) .. (CBS) (RCCs) (NMSs) . (RCCs) . (CBS) : (EPS) () (NWP) () () .


22 .(BOM) (WMO) . .( – ) . . . . . . (SWlC) " " (NMHSs) (ESCAP) .(WMO) . . (TCP) ) (TCC)( (TCP) . . () . . . . () . . – (RSMC) . . – (WMO) . (Météo – France) (RSMC)


23 . : () () (). () : (WMO) () (). () . (WCP) … " (GCOS) ." / (EC-AGCE) . / - ) (CCl) ( (OPAGs) . ( ) . (WMO) : () (www.wmo.ch) . (lOC) (EDF)(lFRC) (SATCC) (WMO) (VCP) . (TCP) (SDSlDS) (lSDR) (LTP) .(WMO) – ( -) – ( -) .– (WCP) ) ( (CPCSA) ) ( . ." … " (EC-AGCE) . / (WMO) . /


24 (CLlPS) (CLlPS) (RCOFs) – (RCCs) (RCC) – / . (CCl) (CBS) – / / . ) (WCDMP) ( ( )()() ) (CLlCOM) (CLlCOM 3,1) ( (CDMSs) (CDMSs) . (WMO) . (CDMSs) . (CDMSs) (VCP) . . : /(CLlCOM) (CDMS) – (DARE) . (DARE) (CLlCOM) (CDMS) – (GCOS) (NMHSs) .(GCOS) – ( ) . (GlS) (CLlPS) – El Niño (NMHSs) . ()()()()


25 .(DARE) (DARE) . . ) . ( . . (DARE) . . . / . (CLlCOM) . (CDMSs) . . (CDMSs) . / . . (WCDMP). (CLlCOM) . (ASECNA) (CLlCOM) . ’ ‘ .(WMO) (ACMAD) (DMC) . (CLlCOM) .(WMO)


26 . (GlS) . (CCD) (CCl/CLlVAR) . .(lPCC) (CCD) . . . (CCl) . (CHy) . (CAgM) (CSM) (CLlVAR) (CLlPS) . . . (GSN).(CLlMAT) (GSN CLlMAT) (GUAN CLlMAT TEMP) (CLlMAT) . (CLlMAT TEMP) . . .(CSM) - . (CSM) (CCD)


27 . . (CCl) . (CCl) .( ) . . / (ENSO) . / ’ ‘ . . (CLlPS) (CLlPS) . . (CCl) . . (WCASP) (CLlPS) ) ( (WCASP) (CLlPS) . (NMHSs) (WCASP) . . (CLlPS)


28 . . . . (CLlPS) . . . . .( ) . . . . . . . (CLlPS) . . - . . (WCRP) . (CLlPS) (COF) .(NMHSs)


29 (ACMAD) (AGRHYMET) ( ) (DMCs) . . .( -) ( ) (WCRP) (CATCH) (GEWEX) . (CLlVAR) . (VACS) .(CLlVAR) (AMMA) . (lCTT/RCC) (lCTT/RCC) .(RCCs) (WMO) (CAS) (CBS) .(CCl) . (WMO) (lCTT/RCC) . (RCCs) : () () .


30 / . (WMO) (GSN) (GSN) . (GUAN) (GCOS) (WMO) . (GUAN) (GSN) (GAW) . . (GUAN) (GSN) .(GAW) .(GTN-H) (UNFCCC) . (GCOS) .(UNFCCC) (NMHSs) AMMA . (CATCH) (VACS) .(CLlVAR) .(DARE) . AMMA CATCH . / ) CLlVAR ( .(CCl) . (WCRP) . CLlVAR / . / (GCOS) ( ) .(GCOS) (GSN) (GUAN)


31 ) – (AREP)( . . . ) ( (GAW) (UNFCCC) . (GAW) . / (Dobson) . / . . . (NMHSs) . (SBSTA) . (GCOS) . ) ( / . . . (GCOS) (GCOS) ( /) / . /) ( ) (SBSTA-18) .(( – ) . .


32 . (GAWTEC) (GAW) . . . (GAW) (GURME) . (GAW) . (AREP) ) (WWRP)( (WWRP) (CAS) .( / ) . . (GAW) ( ) (GAW) . . . . . (CAS) (GURME) .(GAW) . (GAW) (WDCs) . . . . .


33 . (lWTC) . (lWTC-V) / .(lWTC) . . . (WCRP) (NMHSs) . . (NWP) / . (CAS) . (WMO) (NWP) (WMO). (WWRP) .(THORPEX) . .(THORPEX) (NMHSs) .(THORPEX) (WWRP) . (MEDEX) . . . ( ) (TMRP) (TMRP) (CAS) .


34 (OPAG/PWS) . / . (-) () . . ( ) . (PWSP) (WMO). (NMSs) . (NMSs) (NMSs) . (NMSs) . (WMO) . (SWlC) . / ) ) ( . (WMO) . (NMHSs) . . / . . . –(AMP) ( ) (PWSP) (PWSP) . . (NMHSs) .


35 . / / . / . " " / ( ) . . CD- ROMs .(PWS) (WMO) / " " .( ) . (NMSs) : () (NMSs) (NMSs) () ) ( ((WMO) (ESCAP) . (WWlS) . (NMSs) . . ( ) . / . (WWlS) . (PWSP) . . / / . (GDPS) . / / / / .


36 () () . (PWSP) : (NMSs) () ) ( () ) ( () ) ( ()( ) ( ) (NMSs) ( ) () ( ) ) ().( . " " (NMSs) . . / () () ( ) () . . ( ) : () () () () ( ) () (NWP) .


37 . . (VCP) . . . . . . (NMSs) . . : () . (NMSs) . (NMSs) . . (NMSs) . . . (CAL) .(NMS) . (VCP) /


38 . (CAgM) . . (START) (lGBP) (WCRP) (lHDP) .(CLlMAG) . / (lATA) " – ) "( " ." (CLlMAG) . . / (NWP) .()()()( )() (AgMP)( ) (CAgM) . " (CAgM) " . .


39 . . . (WMO) .(UNCCD) . . (AGRHYMET) (DMCs) (ACMAD) . AGRHYMET . (ClLSS) (lGAD) (SADC) . (ECA) . .(NEPAD) . () . ()’ ‘ . CAgM :(OPAGs) (OPAG) . .(OPAGs) : – / ) ( /) ( / - ) (SADC) .( / " : ) " : ( / - : - ) .( / (WMO) . .


40 (ASECNA) .(lCAO) (SADlS) . SADlS . (WMO) . . . . (lCAO) . . . . . ) / ( (ENSO) .(GlS) ( -). ( ) (AeMP) .(AeMP) . . (WMO) .


41 WAFS . T.4 (WAFS) T.4 . / ( ) . (WAFC) BUFR . (lCAO) (WAFCs) . (WAFS) CREX BUFR GRlB . /(lCAO) [C.3.1] (CBS) (ClMO) (lCAO) / . / . . [C.3.1] ( /) . . . (RMTCs) (WMO) / . ) ( . ( ) . / . .(WAFS) (WAFCs) (SlGWX) (GRlB) (BUFR) . (SlGWX) BUFR GRlB


42 (PROMET) .[C.3.1] . . (AMDAR) . . ( ) .(GOS) AMDAR (GTS) AMDAR . AMDAR . (AMDAR) AMDAR AMDAR .(SADC) AMDAR (ASECNA) AMDAR . / (PROMET) /) (CAeM) .( ( /) (NMSs) . . [C.3.1] . . . . ( /) . (ASECNA) . .


43 (lCAO) (WMO) . . (AeMP) .( –) (MMAOAP)( ) (MMAOAP) .(5LTP) . (WMO) (lOC) (JCOMM) (CMM) (lOC) (WMO) .(lGOSS) (JCOMM) () AMDAR . / AMDAR AMDAR . AMDAR AMDAR .(GTS) (AMDAR) AMDAR AMDAR . (lATA) ( /) . (lCAO) . (lATA) . (lCAO) . . / ()


44 . / (SafetyNET) ) .( (VOS) . . / . . ( ) Metarea lll (W) . / . . .Metarea lll (E) ( ) . / ) (lOC) .( (JCOMM) . / (JCOMM) (WMO) (lOC) (GOOS) .(GCOS) (JCOMM-l) . . . / () .() . . . .(JCOMM) .( – ) ) (GMDSS) ((SOLAS)


45 (MPERSS) .(JCOMM) (JCOMM) . (MCSS) (GDSlDB) (GTSPP) . (GCOS) .(JCOMM) (GOOS) (NMSs) . (JCOMM) .(GCOS) (GOOS)(JCOMM) . (NMHSs) . . (CRlA) . . / . (ACMAD) . (RETlM) . . . (CMM) (MPERSS) / . (JCOMM)


46 : () (VOS) (PMOs) (VOSClim) () (SOOP) ()(ASAP) ASAP () (DBCP) (lSABP) .(lBPlO) (JCOMMOPS) (DBCP) (SOOP) .(Argo) . (lnmarsat) (GMDSS)(WMO) (VOS) (SOOP) . . ( – ) (GOOS) (ACMAD) . (JCOMM) . . (JCOMM) (GOOS) . (VOS) (SOOP) (ASAP) (GLOSS) . (VOSClim) . (JCOMM) (GOOS) .(GCOS)


47 . Argo . . (PMOs) ) .( / (NWS) (NOAA) . (BOM) .(JCOMM) (JCOMM) . . . .(CLlMAR) / (MPERSS) (JCOMM) . (ASAP) . (lnmarsat) . ( -) . (Argo) . Argo (WCRP) (GOOS) (GCOS) . (JCOMM) / (lOC) Argo ) ((GTS) . Argo /(DBCP) (SOOP) Argo . Argo / . / / /


48 . / . (WMO) (ECA) . . .(AMCOW) . (WGH) . / . (CHy) (WGH) . / – ) .( . . . . . . (JCOMM CBCG) /(WMO) . (lOC) (CBCG) .(JCOMM) . . / (WlOMAP)(lOC) . / (WlOMAP) . . – (HWRP) ) (WGH) ( (WGH) .() – . .


49 / . . . . ( -) . .(CHy) . . . ( ) () . . (HWRP) . . . . " – ( – ) " " () " : " () "() " " : .() " . . (CHy) ( -) . ( – ) . . .(5LTP) . (NMHSs) (HAs) . (RHA)


50 /(WMO) – " (UNESCO) ." . (PDF) (SADC) (AMU) (lGAD) .(ECOWAS). . (WHYCOS) .(WHYCOS) (SADC-HYCOS) (AOC-HYCOS) .(lGAD-HYCOS) . .. (HYCOS) ." – ( ) . ) ( ) ( ( ) / . (CD-ROM) . : () () . . (- ) – – ( ) .. .(NHSs)


51 – (APFM) (APFM) . . / / (WHYCOS)(GPCC) (GRDC) (FRlEND) – " ." – . / . () (lGRAC) . . () .(GTS) (HRM) / . / (HOMS) .(HNRCs) . (HRM) . . (HOMS) . . (HOMS) . / (GWP)


52 (FFA) .(NEPAD) . " " .(WSSD) . " " . (ECA) (AfDB) .(NEPAD) . . / . – . . / . . (NMHSs) . (CAL) .( /) - ( ). (NHS) . . / (ACC) / . (WWDR) .(WWAP) (lGWA)


53 . (NHSs) " (lHE) ". . (VCP) . . . – (ETRP) ) ( (ETRP) . . ( ) (-) . : . . / (lAHS) . (lAHS) (lSO). (ACMAD) (NBA) (AGRHYMET) (RANET – – .Africa) . . ) (GEF) ( . . " " . ." " " " (WWF) .


54 (NMHSs) . . . . / . . . / . / . . . (NMHSs) ( ) . . : () () () (). . . / .


55 (RMTCs) . . (VTL) . (CRlA) (NWP) (CPLP) . – (RMTCs) (RMTCs) . . . : (GlS) (NMHSs) (NWP) . . (RMTC) / . . . (RMTCs) (SCHOTl) (CALMet-01) / (SCHOTl) .


56. . (RMTCs) . / . (RMTCs) . ) - ( / . - . . (RMTCs) . / .(SCHOTl) (RMTCs) . (RMTCs) / . (NMTCs) . (RMTCs) . ) .( .


57 . . (BADEA) / / (RMTC) . / . .– (TCOP) ) ( (UNDP) (GEF) .(VCP) (NMHSs) (DMCs) ) ((ACMAD) . . (VCP) . . ( ) . () . . . . . .


58 . (CLlCOM) (NMHSs) . (NMHSs) . .(VCP) () . () (GTS) . (TCDC) (GOS) (GDPS) (GTS) . (WWW) . (WWW) / . . . . .(UNDP) . . " (GEF) " ." .(VCP) .(VCP) .(VCP) .(VCP) . / . . . (WWW)


59 . (MOU) . .(ADB) . . (USAlD) . (DMC) (USAlD) . (ClLSS) " . (AGRHYMET) . . . . . (NMSs) . (NMHSs) . . . (NMHSs) . (USAlD) (DMC) . (DMS) . (SATCC).(lGAD) " " (ClLSS) .


60 .(MSG) . . (EUMETSAT) (ASMET) (lMTR). (EAMAC) / . .(LDCs) . (NMHSs) . : () () () (ASECNA) (COMESA) (lOC) (ECOWAS) (EAC) (lGAD) .(SADC) (NBA) (UMA) (CEN-SAD) . . (NMHSs) . . (ACMAD) . (NMSs) / . (ACMAD) . (PUMA)


61 . . " " ." " . (lSDR) . / " " " ." . . " " " ." . . . () . (NMHSs) . . . . . -(lPAP) ) ( (– ) .(NMHSs) . . .


62 . .(SECS) . . . . . .(lABM) . – . / . . . (www.wmo.ch/wmo50/) . . ) (WSSD) .( / / .(NGOs) .(lSDR) . .


63 . . . . (NEPAD) : () : ‘’ (NMCs) ‘’ (NMHSs) - (LTP) ) ( (5LTP) .- . (5LTP) . . (6LTP): () (). . (6LTP) / (6LTP) . . .


64 (AGRHYMET) (DMCs) " " (METEOSAT) (AMESD) . . (6LTP)()()()() . / ( ) ) .( . . . . ‘’ (NMHSs) ‘’ ) ( : (CEMAC) (ECOWAS) (lGAD) (SADC) (ASECNA) (NBA) (COMESA) (UMA) (lOC) (ACMAD)()()()( )


65 (NMHSs) . (NMHSs) : () () () () ( ) ) ().( (NMSs) (- ) . .. (NMHSs) . : () () () (5LTP) ( ) . . (5LTP) . (7LTP) . . . . . . (NMHSs) ( )


66 " ()" () (– ) . (). . . . . (NMSs) . . () ( ) () () () () () () () () () () () () ()(NHSs) (). : () / /


67 . (NMHSs) . . " " .(NMSs) . . . (NMHSs) . (NMHSs) " " .(PWS) . . (NMSs) .(NMSs) (NMHSs) . (NMSs) (NMSs) (NMSs) . . (NMSs) .(NMSs) . . . .


68 . : () (). () . (lDNDR) (lSDR) . (lATF) / / . (lSDR) (lSDR) . : . . . . . . – ( ) (lDNDR) . / . (lDNDR) . (WMO) . / (lDNDR) " : ." " . "


69 . (NMHSs) . . . . . (EDRG) . . / . (VCP) (WMO) (WMO) . ) .(/ / .(/ / /)(WMO) (lATF). (lSDR) (lSDR) . (NMHSs) (lSDR lATF) . (WMO) (WMO) . . (UNEP) . . . .(lSDR) (NMHSs) .


70 . (NMHSs) .(CLlPS) / .(NEPAD) . (WMO) (NMHSs) .(NEPAD) .(WSSD) (WSSD) . . (WMO) . ) ( . (EC/AGE) . (– ) . .(lCL) . .(lCL) () . (NMHSs) .(ASEAN) . . . . . . .


71 ) ( () .( /) ) .( / . (NMSs) .(NMSs) . . . . (– ) . (- ) . (– ) . / / (- ) (WWW) . .(– ) ) (– ) ((GTS) (– ) . .(– ) . . (GTS) . ( -)


72 (lOC) . (lOC) ) ( – ) "" (WMO) ("" . (lOC) . (lOC) . / (WMO) .(EC/AGE) (lCAO) . / . . . . . . – (– ) – . (– ) . (CHy) . . . (– ) . . . …’ (CCl) (WMO) .‘ (NMHS) (lOC)


73 . (NMHSs) (PUMA) / ) EUMETSAT ( .(MSG) . . .(PUMA) . (EUMETSAT) (NMHSs) ) ( (AWG) . ( ) .. . / . / (WWW) . . . ( -). . .


74 . () .(PUMA) ( ) (ACMAD) (ACMAD) (NMHSs) . (ECA) (WMO) .(ACMAD) (ACMAD). ( – ) / . (ECA) (ACMAD) (ECA) . . (NMSs) . . .( – ) . PUMA . () . . . (AMSED) .PUMA ) (ECOWAS) (CEMAC) (lGAD) (SADC) . ((lOC) (NMHSs) (PUMA) . (AMESD) . . . ""


75 . . . (WWW) (AMESD) . ) (WSSD) ( .(WSSD) (UNCSD) .(PrepCom) . (WSSD) (PrepCom) . (NMHSs) " " (ACMAD) () . . .() . ( ) – . . / () . (NEPAD) (NEPAD) . . (NEPAD) . (OAU) / . - (NEPAD) - . . .(NEPAD)


76 . (WMO) (NMHSs) .(PRs) .(NHSs) (NHSs) (NMSs) . (SMA) (SASAS) . (WWW) .(NEPAD) . . .(NEPAD) (WWW) .(NEPAD) . " " .(NMHSs) (WSSD) . . . . . " ". . . . (NMHSs) .


77 . . ) .( – )(. . . - .. . . ) ( / . – (WMO) (NMHSs) (NMSs) . . . / / . " . / " . . . . (NMHSs). (WSSD) . . ) ( . . . .( – ) CM/Dec. 37(LXXVll) (AU) /(OAU) / /


78 (WWW) (NMSs) . (NMHSs) . . (NMHSs) . (EDRG) . . . (NMHSs) – . (NMHSs) .. .(NMHSs) . . . ) ( . . . .


79 () () () () ( ) () (NEPAD) () (WMO).(NEPAD) / . . . ( ) ( -) . (– ) . ) ( . . ( ) () . () . . . (NMHSs) . . . . . . ) ( :


80 . ) ( () . / ( ) .


( –) (RBSN) – – – – / – /(DCSs) (DCPs) (DRS) (MDD) (RMTN) (RSMCs) (NMCs)()()()( )() : () (WWW) () () : () () : () ():()


82 () () . () () . () () . () () . ) . ( ) . ( ()()()()( )() (): () () () . ( -) :. (WWW) (PWSP) ()()()()(): () (GTS) (GOS) (GDPS) (DM) (PWS) ()()()( )()()


83 ( -) ‘’ (CBS). (GOS) (RBSN) / . ‘’‘’‘’‘’‘’‘’() : ( -) () (RMTN) – – – – – (GTS)‘’‘’‘’‘’‘’‘’‘’


84 / . ‘’‘’‘’‘’ / .‘’‘’‘’‘’‘’‘’( ) (GDPS) ‘’ ‘’ (NMCs) (RSMCs) ‘’ / ‘’ ‘’ . (DM) ‘’ ( ) ‘’ ‘’ ()()


85 . ‘’‘’‘’ (PWS) ‘’ (NMHSs) ‘’ ()( –)(RBSN) () () ( ) ) ) ( ( ) ( ) ( .() ( -) :. () : - ( -) () ) () ( ()( ) - :


86( -)


93 ( -) (RBCN) - ( -) () () (GSN) (GUAN) (GCOS) (WWW) (GOS)[–() : ] - ( -) - ( -) - ( -) - ( -) ()()()()()


94( ) ) (GTS) ((RBCN) (RBCN) : (CLlMAT) (CLlMAT TEMP)"" ( ) (WMO) . ()() (RBSN) (RBCN) (RBCN) : () (RBCN) (GCOS) () ( ) (GOS) ( )


95 ( -) (RBCN)


100


101


102( -) (RlCs) (ClMO) . ()()()()( ) ()() : ()) () ( – (– ) () : () () () : :()( –) : () () : ()() ()( ) – ( – ) ()


103 () () () ( ) () . . . ()() : () () ()()():()( -) ) ( ( – ) ( )()(): () () : – (– ) ()–(TCP) () (lSDR)(lDNDR) () (SDSlDS) (TCC) ()


104 ‘’ ‘’ ‘’ – (RSMC) ‘’ ( ) : () . . ) () ()()() (lSDR) (SDSlDS) : () () () : ‘’ ‘’‘’‘’()()():()


105 : () (). ( -) :. (( – ) ()( -) (GCOS) (lPCC) (lPCC) (CLlPS) (CLlVAR) ()()() : () ()(WMO) () ) () ( () – () ) ( ( ) () () : (): () ) (CLlCOM) ((CDMS)


106 () () . () ( ) () . () () : () (CCl) (OPAGs) (CBS) (WMO) () . (lT) (RCC) ()( ) : () . (GCOS) () . . . () . ( ) ( ) (CLlPS) ()( -) ( ) – ( -) () () (UNCCD): ()() () (– ) ( ) (): ()()()


107 ()(ENSO) / () ( ) () (GlS) (ElS) () : () ()() () () () . () () . () () . . ( ) () . () () . () () . . . () () () () () / () (ENSO) ()(ElS) (GlS) : ()() () () (NMHSs) ) ((UNCCD) : (): () ) ( ()


108 . () () ()( -) (AMDAR) ) . ()()( )() ( () . (WWW) ()()() : () () (CAeM) : () () (WAFS) (lCAO):()


109 ( –) () (WMO) (lOC) (JCOMM) () . . () () . () . ( – ) . :() : () () (WMO) (lOC) (JCOMM) : () : () () ( -) (METAREA ll) METAREA ll (METAREA ll)() ) (Metarea ll) (Metarea lll(W)) (


110 "" .( ) ( -) (Metarea ll) . : . . :


111 (GMDSS) (METAREA ll) ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° °


112(METAREA ll) ' :FARADAY ' :ROMEO :ALTAïR : CHARCOT :ACORES :JOSEPHlNE :lRVlNG :MADElRA :METEOR :CANARlAS ' :PAZENN ' ' :lROlSE ' ' :YEU ' :ROCHEBONNE :CANTABRlCO ' :FlNlSTERRE ' :PORTO ' :S. VlCENTE' :CADlZ / :GlBRALTAR STRAlT/ ESTRECHO :CASABLANCA :AGADlR :TARFAYA :CAPE VERDE :CAP BLANC :CAP TlMlRlS :SlERRA LEONE :GULF OF GUlNEA :POlNTE NOlRE-----------------------------


113 ( –) (METAREA lll(W)) ( ) METAREA( ) lll(W) Metarea lll(W) ( ) "" .( )() ( ) Metarea ll Metarea lll(W) METAREA lll(W) ( ) ( -) (Metarea lll(W)) ( ) . . : : . (Metarea lll(W)) ( )


114 ( ) (METAREA lll(W)) / ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ’ ' ' ' ' / ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' CAP TEULADACAP CARBONARACAP FALCONECAP LlNAROCAP PALlMUROCAP SAN VlTOCAP LlLlBEOCAP BONCAP ROUXJlJELCHERCHELPORT SAYCEUTA / ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' / ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' GlBRALTARCAP DE GATACAP DE PALOSCAP DE LA NAOCAP EN SERRACAP GALA FlGUERACAP PERACAP BAGURMONTPELLlERSAlNT RAPHAELCAP CORSEBOUCHES DEBONlFAClO


115 ( –) (WMO) (JCOMM) (lOC) () () (GTS) : () (WWW) (GCOS) (GOOS) (JCOMM) (JCOMM) ()()()()() : – (– ) ()(WMO) (lOC)(JCOMM) - ()– (lOC) (WMO) (lOC) (JCOMM) () (WMO) (lOC) ) (JCOMM)( : () (JCOMM) (WMO) ()


116 (WMO) (lOC) .(JCOMM) ( – ) . : Argos ( -) : () . : () ‘’ ‘’ (HWRP) ‘’ (HYCOS) ‘’ . ‘’(TCC) () : ()(WGH) – (- ) ()(HWRP) - (– ) () () ) ( ) ( / ()- () ()(FFA) : (NHSs) () () () (WGH)


117 : () () () () / . ( -) :. (): ‘’ ‘’ ‘’ . : () – . () ()()( –) : () () () : ) (-) ( –(- ) ()()


118 ) ( ( ( ) (RMTCs) () () () () . ()( ) . . ( –) :. : (RMTCs) / ) ()()()()():()( -)() : ():()() : ()


119 (WWW) ‘’ () () (NMHSs) : () (). : ‘’()()()()( )( –)(ACMAD) : () () (). / ( – ) () : () ( – ) (ECA) (ACMAD) () (WMO) ( –) ( –) () ( – )


120 (NMSs) : . / : (NMHSs) / ()()() ( –) ... : ()()() () : . . . () / () . . . () /


121 . " " ( –) ()/ : ‘’ ‘’ ‘’ ‘’ : (PUMA) . () – ( – ) : () / () : CM/Dec 37(LXXVll) (AU) /(OAU) / / : : ()Silver : () () Star of KenyaOrder of the Grand () Warrior of Kenya ()


122 . ( -) ( – ) ( – )( – ) ( – )( – ) ( – )( – ) ( – )( – ) . ( – )()() :. () : () () () :: ()


123 ( – ) * . *


124


125


126


127 () / – ) ( () ( ) : () "() " (RSMCs) (RSMCs) () (NMC) (NMCs) : () () (RSMCs) ) ("() " ( – ) (RSMCs) : – ( – ) () – ( – ) () – ( – ) () – ( – ) () – () ) ( – ) () (() - (Manual on the GDPS) (RSMCs)


128 – ( – * ) () (OWSE-AF) : () (OWSE-AF) () (OWSE-AF) : () (OWSE-AF): () /(DCS) (DRS) (MDD) (WWW) () (OWSE-AF) . = * () /(DCS) (DRS) () (RSMCs) () ) ("() " (RSMC) : () (CBS) () (WWW): () . ()( – ) () : ()(GTS) () (OWSE-AF) ()


129 () (Tropical Cyclone Operational Plan for the South-West lndian Ocean)[(TCP-12) ] (WMO/TD-No.577) . ( – ) . :( – ) (lNMARSAT) () : – ( – ) () (lNMARSAT) /(DCS) (DRS) : () /(DCS) (DRS) (MDD) () /(DCS) (DRS) (MDD) () . ( – ) () : () (lDNDR) – ( – ) () () – ( – ) () : ()


130 () (VOS) lNMARSAT-C () (lNMARSAT) lNMARSAT-C . ( – ) . :( – ) () : ()(UNDP) () – ( – ) (VOS) (SES) (lNMARSAT) lNMARSAT-C()(): () () (lNMARSAT) () (lNMARSAT) lNMARSAT-C (CES) (lNMARSAT) (lNMARSAT) (lNMARSAT) (GTS) :()


131 : () () .(VCP) : () () : () ()


(WWW) ( ) – () () ( ) () () () () (NMHSs) (TSPs) (). (GDPS) (DM) : (PWS) () (NMCs) (DM) (GDPS) (PWS) (WWW) (NMHSs) . (WWW) (GOS).(GDPS) (GTS) (PWS) . (DM) (WWW) . (AGM) (WMO) (SMM) . (GOS) . (GTS) (WMO) : GTS GOS () ()


133 (NMCs) (RSMCs) ) ( (NMHSs) (GDPS) (NMCs) (NWP) (ACMAD) (NMCs) ()( )()()()()()()(BUFR) (CREX) (GRlB) () (NWP) () (PWS) () . (WMO) (NMHSs) (GOS) (GTS) (GDPS) .(DM) (PWS) . : () (AWSs) (DCPs) () (GPS) (AMDAR) ()


134 () (NMCs) (RMCs) (WMCs) (WAFCs). (GOS) (GTS) (GDPS) .(DM) (PWS) (WWW) . – (WWW) (GOS) (GTS) .(GDPS) (PWSs) . (DM) (WWW) .(AGM) (WMO) (SMM) (WWW) . (GDPS) (PWS) (DM) (NWP) (BUFR) (CREX) (GRlB) . ()() ."" (GOS) (GTS) (GDPS) (DM) (PWS) : ()()


135 . . . (lPCC) . . . .(WMO) (NMHSs) . .(GOS) (GTS) (GDPS) (DM) .(PWS) . . (GOS) . (GTS) (WMO) (NMHSs) (GOS) (GDPS) (GTS)(PWS) .(DM) (NMCs) (RMCs) (WMCs) (WAFCs) . (WMO) . . (WMO) (GOS) (GTS) (GDPS) (DM) (PWS) (NMCs) (RMCs) (WMCs) .(WAFCs) ."" .


136 (RBSN) .(NMCs) .(GCOS) (GPS) . .(GCOS) (AMDAR) . (VOS) (JCOMM) (ASAP) (SOOP) (DBCP) . (PlRATA) (VOS) . . (AWSs) . . . . . . . (NMCs) (RMCs) (WMCs) (WAFCs) . "" (WMO) (GOS) (GTS) (DM) (GDPS) . (PWS) "" . . . "" . : (AWSs)


137 (NWP) . . .(PWS) . ) .(GlS . : - .(NMHSs) . . (NMHSs) .(NMHSs). .( ) ) .( : (NMCs) (RTHs) (AMSSs) )(ASECNA) .( (RANET) (MDD) (RETlM) . (NMCs) (NMHSs) .


138 . . . . . . . () () ()(lT) (WWW) (GDPS) (PWS) (DM) (NWP) GRlB CREX BUFR (ACMAD) (NMCs) ()( ):(lOC) (NMHSs) – (NMHSs) .." " - (NMHSs) . . - . - ) ((MSG) .(NMHS) : . .


139 .(COMESA) / (ACMAD) (DMCs) (AGRHYMET) . / / (WWW) / .(www.wmo.ch) (WMO) (PUMA) (HAM) (RANET) (DMCs) (EU) (lOC) (AMDAR) . (GlS) . . . . ) (CEMAC) (ECOWAS) (lGAD) (lOC) ((SADC) ()() - .: () . . :()()


140 ) ((MSG) .(NMHSs) () () () ()(NMHSs) ( ) (lSP) (NMHS) . . (NMHSs) (TSPs) .(lSP) . . . () ()() .(NMHSs) . . (NMHSs) (NMHSs) . (NMHSs) . ’ ‘ (NMHSs) . . . ()()()( )


141 . ()()()( )() - (NMHSs) . . () / (MRQs)(RBSN) (TRQs) : / ) ( ) ( ) ( - - ٪ ٪ ٪ ٪ ( )


142 Daan .(lP OK ) D R=D/sqr2 . OK . lP . (GSN) (GUAN) . NO BC . ()()()( ) : OK () ) lP () ((incomplete programme) (below ) BC () (criteria) (not ) NO ()(operating). : (FG) () ‘’ ‘’ ‘’ ‘’ ‘’ ‘’ : ‘’ ) ‘’( ‘’ ‘’() : (SECS) : ‘’ ‘’ ‘’ ‘’ ‘’ : ‘’()()


143 ) ( .()()()()() ‘’ ‘’ ‘’ ‘’" " " " ()( ) ( ) . . . (NMSs) . . . . / (ENSO) . (NMSs) (NMSs) . (NMSs) (NMSs) (NMSs) (NMSs)


144 (AMDAR) . (NMSs) .(IT) . (WWW) . . (IT) (NMSs) . . (NMSs) . (RSMC) / . (NMSs) (NWP) . . . (WMO) (NMSs) . (IPCC) (GCOS) (UNFCCC) (UNCCD) . (NMSs) . (NMSs) (NMSs) (IT) (IP) . (NMSs) . (NMSs) . (NMSs)


145 (PUMA) . : . : ‘’: ‘’ • ) (CEMAC) (ECOWAS) (IGAD) (SADC) .((IOC) • ) (CEMAC) (ECOWAS) (IGAD) (SADC) . ( (IOC) .(EUMETSAT) . •• (NMSs) (IT) . (RMTCs) (DMCs) .(ACMAD) (MSG) . (EUMETSAT) . (EUMETSAT) . (PUMA) .(MSG) . . (PUMA) . . : . ()


146 . (ACMAD) .(NMSs) (NMSs) . . : (ACMAD) () () (NMSs) () (NMSs) (RANET) . () (WWW) (RANET) .(ACMAD)• : • .() () (NMSs) .() ( ) (MSG) . () (MSG) (EUMETSAT) . ( (EUMETSAT) . (RANET) (ACMAD) . ه(‏


147 (NMSs) ) ( (NMSs) .(NMSs) ()()د(‏ ( : (GEF)ه(‏ (()()()() (NMSs) . . (CLIPS) .(NMSs) . (HYCOS) . . (HYCOS) (NMSs) . (NMSs) . (NMSs) : ()


148 (NMSs) . (NMSs) . . (NMSs) . . . ( – ) () .( /) .. (NMSs) (NMSs) . . . . (NMSs) : (RANET) (ISDR) (NMSs) . ) ..( ه(‏ (()()()()


149 . . (NMSs) . (ASECNA)(CILSS) (ECOWAS) (NBA) (IGAD) (SADC) (CEMAC) (ECA) (COMESA) (IOC) .(UMA) (ACMAD) .(DMCs) (AGRHYMET) (IGAD) . . (NMSs) . (NMSs) . . (NMSs) . (NMSs) (GEF) (UNDP) . . . (NMSs) . (NMSs)


150 (NMSs) . . (NMSs) .


. () – . . . – . . . . . . . – . . . . . . . () . . . . . – . . . . . . . . () . . – . . . – . . . . . . . . . . . . . () . . . . . . . .


152 .(lCAO) - . . (UNCCD) . . . (ECA) (WHO) . . (WHO) (ACMAD) . (ACMAD) . (ASECNA) . . () (ASECNA) . . (SADC) . . (SATCC) . . . . . . . .ه.‏ ه.‏ .- . ()ه.‏ - – . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . – . . .


PlNK 1 2 2.2(1); 2.2(2) 3 3 4.1(2) 4.1(1) 4.2(1) 4.2(2) (WWW) –4.1(1); 4.1(2) (WWW) (WWW) (WG/PlW) 4.2(1) (lMOP) (WMOSA)4.2(2) 4.2(3)4.2(3) 4.34.3 (lSS) (OlS) (DM) 4.3(2)4.3(2) (RETlM Africa)


PlNK 4.44.4 (DPFS) (ERA) 4.54.5 (TCP) (TCC) 5(1)5(1) – (WCP) 5(1) (CPCSA) 5(1) (WCDMP) 5(1) (WCASP) (CLlPS) 5.45.4 (WCRP) 5.55.5 (GCOS) 6 – (AREP)6 6 (GAW)6 (WWRP)6 (TMRP) 6 – (AMP) 7.1 7.1 (PWSP)154


155 PlNK 7.2 7.2 (AgMP) 7.37.3 (AeMP) 7.4(1)7.4(1); 7.4(2) (MMAOAP) 8(1)8(1) – (HWRP) (WGH) 8(2) 99 – (ETRP) 1010 – (TCOP) 11 11 – (lPAP) 1212 – (LTP) 1313 (NMHSs) 1414 – 1515 16.1(2) 16.1(1) 16.2 16.3 16.416.1(1);16.1(2) 16.2 16.3 (WSSD) 16.4


156PlNK 16.5 16.5 1717 18 18 1919 20 21 22


5LTP6LTP7LTP ) ( ) ) ACC( ACMADAeMPAfDBAFTNAGMAgMPAGRHYMETAMCOWAMDARAMESDAMMAAMOSSGAMSSAMU( ANEELAOC-HYCOSAPFMAPTARCHISSAREPASAPASDARASEANASECNAASMETAVHRRAWGAWS BOMbpsCACGPCAeMCAF


158 ) ( CAgMCALCASCATCHCBCGCBSCCDCClCDMSCEMACCEN-SADCHyCILSSCIMOCLICOMCLIMAGCLIMARCLIPSCLIVARCMACMMCo-ComCOMESACOPCPPSCRIACSMDAREDBCPDCPDCSDDBDMDMCDPFSDRSDVBDWDEACEART


159 ) ) / ) ( ECEC( ECAEC-AGCEEC/AGEECMWF( ECOSOCECOWASEDFEDRGENSOEPSERAESAESCAPETETRETRPEUEUMETNETEUMETSAT FLGFRIEND ) ) GAWGAWTECGCOSGDPSGDSIDBGEF( GEWEXGISGLOSSGMDSSGODAEGOOSGOS( GPCCGPSGRDCGSN


160 (ASDAR) / GTN-HGTSGTSPPGUANGURMEGWPHAHF/SSBHIRSHNRCHOMSHRHRITHRMHRPTHWRPHYCOSIABMIAEAIAHRIAHSIAMAPIATAIATFIAVWIBAMAIBPIOICAOICAPICBICLICSUICTICTTICUCIDBIDNDRIFPRIIFRC


161 ) ( ) ) ) ) ) ) IGAD( IGBPIGOSSIGRACIGWAIHDP( IHE( IHPIMOPINDOEXINMARSAT( INMETINPEIOC( IOCIODCIOMIOSIPIPA( IPCIPCCISABPISCSISDRISOISSITITUIWTC (JCOMM) / / JCOMMJCOMMOPSkb/sLAMLANLBALDCsLRF


162 ) ( ) ( (WEFAX) / () LRITLRPTLTPmb/sMCSSMDDMERCOSURMETEOREXMETEOSATMMAOAPMOSMOUMPERSSMRQMSGMTN( ) NASA( ) NBA( ) NCDC NGO NMC NMHS NMS NMTC NMTN ) NRC NWPNEPADNESDIS( NOAA OASOAUOISOPAGOPAG/PWSPCPCCWMR


163 / PIRATAPMOPRPREANDINOPROMETPUMAPWSPWSPQA/SAC ) ( RPC ) ( (SADCC) ) ) ) R&DRARAFCRANETRAOBRBCNRBSNRCCRCOFRETIMRHARICRMCRMDCNRMTCRMTNROSHYDROMETRRCRSMCRTHRTTSADC( SADISSATCC( SATCOMSBSTA( SBUVSCHOTI


164 SDSIDS SECS SIGWX SMM SOLAS SOOP SPARC START 4 START SWIC / TAFTCCTCDCTCOTCOPTCPTCP/IPTECOTHORPEXTMRPTrendTRMMTRQTRUCETSPUBCUKSFUNCCDUNCEDUNCSDUNDPUNEPUNESCOUNFCCCUNGAUNVUSAIDUTCUVVAACSVACS


165 VCPVHFVOSVOSClimVPNVSATVTLWAFCWAFSWANWBWCASPWCDMPWCPWCRPWDCWEFAXWGHWG/PIWWHYCOSWIOMAPWMCWMOWMOSAWOCWRCWRDCWRRWSSDWWAPWWCWWDRWWFWWISWWRPWWW

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