Drönarkriget i Pakistan - säkerhetspolitiska konsekvenser. - FOI

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Drönarkriget i Pakistan - säkerhetspolitiska konsekvenser. - FOI

Summary

• The use of armed Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs),

so called drones, for targeted killings has grown rapidly

in the past five years. This is due to among other things

technological developments, the supposed precision and

cost efficiency of drones as well as the advantage for states

not to have to put soldiers at risk in a conflict zone.

• With the drone program in Pakistan, the US has for

the first time used drones on a large scale. The purpose has

been to defeat al-Qaeda, weaken the Taliban movement

and stabilize Afghanistan and Pakistan.

• Since 2004 more than 350 drone attacks have been

carried out in Pakistan. The death toll is estimated to be

at least 2,400, including a significant number of civilians.

During the Obama administration drone attacks have

increased more than fivefold in comparison with the Bush

years.

• The US is accused of breaking international law, both

when it comes to the legitimacy of violence as well as the

laws of war.

• Dozens of leaders of armed groups (al-Qaeda, TTP,

IMU, the Haqqani network) have been killed. The ability

of al-Qaeda to operate from Pakistan has decreased

significantly. Whether al-Qaeda as a transnational

movement or idea has been weakened because of the

drone attacks is uncertain. The capabilities of militant

groups with local roots have, however, not been weakened

by the targeted killings. The drone attacks can instead

prove to be counter-productive and result in increased

radicalization and recruitment to armed groups.

• The frequent use of drones has likely contributed to

growing anti-Americanism in Pakistan. In spite of large

sums of foreign aid provided to the country, three out of

four Pakistanis regard the US as an enemy. More than

80 % of the population oppose that drones are used in

Pakistan.


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