November

agritech.tnau.ac.in

November

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tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

Nhpafhe;jpapy; tPhpa xl;L tpij cw;gj;jp

Kidth] nt.kndhd;kzp kw;Wk; Kidth] g._kjp

tpij mwptpay; kw;Wk; bjhHpy; El;gj;Jiw

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak]g[j;J}h] - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz; : 0422-6611363

Nhpafhe;jp epyf;fliyf;F mLj;jgoahf kpf mjpfkhd gug]gstpy;

gaphplg;gLk] xU Kf;fpakhd vz;bza; tpj;Jg] gapuhFk;. ek; ehl;oy;

fpl;lj;jl;l 2 kpy;ypad; vf;lh] gug]gstpy; gaphplg]gLfpwJ. Nhpafhe;jp vy;yh

,lj;jpYk;;/ vy;yh gUtj;jpYk; ed;F tsh]tjpdhy; gy khep;y';fspy; gaph]

bra;ag]gLfpwJ. Kjypy; bjd;dpe;jpahtpy; jhd; mjpfk; gaphplg]gl;lJ.

Mdhy;/ jw;bghGJ g";rhg]/ Qhpahdh kw;Wk; cj;jpug]gpunjrk; nghd;w

tlkhepy';fspYk; mjpfkhf gaph] bra;ag]gLfpwJ. ,Ug]gpDk; gy;ntW

fhuz';fshy; Nhpafhe;jp ,ufj;jpy; kfNy; Fiwe;J fhzg]gl;lJ. Mdhy;

tPhpa xl;L ,uf tpijia gaphpl;lhy; mjpfkhd tpij gpog]g[ ,Uf;Fk;. g{r]rp

kw;Wk; g{rz';fs; mjpfkhf jhf;Ftjpy;iy. gaph] xnu rPuhf ed;F tsUk;.

nkYk; 20-25 rjk; mjpfkhf tpisr]ry; fpilf;Fk;.

,e;jpahtpy; ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHf';fSk;/ jdpahh] epWtd';fSk;

gy tPhpa xl;L ,uf Nhpafhe;jpia btspapl;oUf;fpd;wd. fpl]lj;jl]l 70 rjk;

tPhpa xl;L ,uf Nhpafhe;jp ek; ehl]oy; gapuhfpwJ. mjpf kfNy; fpilf;fpw

xl;L ,uf Nhpafhe;jpia gaphpl;L cHth]fSk; ey;y ,yhgk; bgWtnjhL jhtu

vz;bza; cw;gj;jpapy; ek; ehLk; jd;dpiwt[ mila[k;. gaphplg]gLk; kw;w

vz;bza; tpj;Jf;fistpl Nhpafhe;jp ey;y tpisr]ry; jpwd; bfhz;Ls;sJ.

ruhrhpahf Nhpafhe;jpapypUe;J xU vf;lUf;F 400 fpnyh vz;bza;

fpilf;fpwJ. nkYk; Nhpafhe;jp vz;bza;apd; juk; kw;w vz;bza;fisf;

fhl;oYk; rpwe;jJ. ,jpy; mst[ jzpf;fg]glhj bfhGg;g[fs; ,Ug]gjhy; ,Uja

nehahspfSf;F kpft[k; Vw;wJ.

tpij epyk; njh]t[ bra;jy;

vy;yh kz; tifapYk; Nhpafhe;jp gaphplyhk;. tpij ed;F Kisf;f/

gaph] tPhpakhf tsu/ ,lg]gLk; cu';fis rhpahd Kiwapy; gapUf;Ff;

bfhLf;f/ kz;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

� fhu mkpy epykhf ,Uj;jy; TlhJ.

� kz; mhpkhdk; cs;s epykhf ,Uf;ff; TlhJ.

njh]t[ bra;j epyj;ij ed;F fl;o ,y;yhky; g[Gjpahf jahh] bra;J/

epyj;jpy; ePh] nj';fhtz;zk; rkd; bra;J bfhs;s ntz;Lk;.

gaph] tpyFk; J}uk;

Nhpafhe;jp xU may; kfue;jr] nrh]f;ifg] gapuhFk;. ,UntW ,uf';fs;

mUfpy; ,Ue;jhy; xd;Wld; xd;W kfue;jr] nrh]f;if Vw;gl;L gaphpd;

,dj;J}a;ik ghjpf;fg]gl;LtpLk;. vdnt gaphplg]gLk; tpij gapuhdJ gpw ,ufg]

gaphpypUe;J Fiwe;jJ 600 kPl;lh] J}uk; jdpikg]gLj;jg]gl;oUf;f ntz;Lk;.

tpijg]g[g] gUtk;

chpa gl;lj;jpy; tpijf;Fk; gapnu mjpf tpisr]riyj; juty;yJ.

bghJthf g{f;Fk; jUzj;jpy; bgU kiH bga;jhy; g{f;fs; ghjpg;g[ Vw;gl;L

kfNy; Fiwa[k;. bjhlh]r]rpahf nkf\l;lKk;/ thdk; kg]g[k; ke;jhuKkhf

,Ue;jhy; g{r]rp kw;Wk; g{rz';fspd; jhf;Fjy; mjpfkhFk;. Mfnt gUtk;

jtwpdhy; gyd; Fd;Wk;.

$^d; - $^iy/ mf;nlhgh] - etk;gh] kw;Wk; ork;gh] khj';fs; Vw;w gUt';fs;

MFk;.

tpij njh]t[ kw;Wk; tpij neh]j;jp

ed;F Rj;jg]gLj;jpa/ jukhd tpijfis tpijg]g[f;fhf cgnahfpf;f

ntz;Lk;.

9/64 mst[s;s (3.6 kp.kP.) tl;lf; fz; ry;yil bfhz;L rypj;j

tpijfis cgnahfpf;f ntz;Lk;. bghf;F tpijfs;/ kpfr]rpwpa kw;Wk;

cile;j tpijfis tpijg]gjw;F Kd;g[ ePf;fptpl ntz;Lk;. tpijg]gjw;F

njh]t[ bra;j tpijfis xU fpnyhtpw;F 2 fpuhk; vd;w mstpy; jpuhk;

kUe;Jld; tpijg]gjw;F 24 kzp neuj;jpw;F Kd;g[ fye;J tpijneh]j;jp bra;J

tpijf;f ntz;Lk;.

tpijg]g[

bgz;; tpij : 4-4.5 fpnyh

Mz; tpij : 1-1.5 fpnyh

tPhpa xl;L tpij cw;gj;jpapy; ,uz;L jhahjp ,uf';fis xl;L

nrh]g]gjhy; mt;tpijfis rhpahd tpfpjj;jpy; tpijg]gjd; \yk;jhd; tpij

cw;gj;jpia mjpfhpf;f Koa[k;.

kyh] -33 2

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

bgz; kw;Wk; Mz; tpijfis 3:1 vd;w tpfpjj;jpy; mjhtJ 3 bgz;

thpirf;F xU Mz; thpir ,Uf;FkhW tpijfis tpijf;f ntz;Lk;.

nkYk; tpij cw;gj;jp bra;a[k; taiy Rw;wpYk; vy;iy thpirahf 4 thpir

Mz: tpijfis tpijf;f ntz:Lk;. ,jdhy; tpij cw;gj;jpf;F mjpf

kfue;jk; fpilg]gnjhL kw;w ,uf kfue;jk; Vw;gLj;Jk; ,df;fyg;iga[k;

fl;Lg]gLj;j Koa[k;.

tPhpa xl;L Nhpafhe;jp tpij cw;gj;jp tay;

M bg bg bg M bg bg bg M bg bg bg M

0 X X X 0 X X X 0 X X X 0

0 X X X 0 X X X 0 X X X 0

0 X X X 0 X X X 0 X X X 0

0 X X X 0 X X X 0 X X X 0

M - Mz; ; bg - bgz; ;

ghh] mikf;Fk; fUtpiaf; bfhz;nlh my;yJ kz;btl]o bfhz;nlh xU

thpirf;Fk; kw;bwhU thpirf;Fk; 1 mo ,ilbtsp ,Uf;FkhW ghh] mikf;f

ntz;Lk;. brof;Fr] bro 1 mo ,ilbtsp ,Uf;FkhW 3 br.kP. (xd;wiu

tpuw;fil) MHj;jpy; ghhpd; gf;fthl;oy; FHpf;F ,uz;L tpijfs; tPjk; Cd;w

ntz;Lk;. tpijj;j 15 ehspy; ed;F tsh]r]rp ,y;yhj xU broia fiyj;J

FHpf;F xU ey;y bro kl;Lk; ,Uf;FkhW gapiu guhkhpf;f ntz;Lk;.

cukpLjy;

bghJthf kz; ghpnrhjid Kotpw;nfw;g cukpLtJ ey;yJ. ,Ug;gpDk;

ng+l;lr] rj;Jf;fshd jiH/ kzp/ rhk;gy; rj;ij 60:45:45 fpnyh/vf;lh] vd;w

mstpy; juty;y cuk; ,lntz;Lk;. ,r]rj;Jf;fis gapUf;F mspf;f

fPH;f;fz;l ,urhad cu';fisg] gad;gLj;jyhk;.

cuj;jpd; bgah] cu mst[ (vf;lUf;F)

a{hpah 130 fpnyh

Ng]gh] gh!;ngl; 275 fpnyh

bghl;lh#; 72 fpnyh

kyh] -33 3

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

,jpy; 30 fpnyh jiHr]rj;ijf; bfhLf;fty;y 65 fpnyh a{hpahit

moa[ukhf ,l ntz;Lk;. kPjKs;s 65 fpnyh a{hpahit tpijj;j 30-35 tJ

ehs; fis vLj;j gpwF nkYukhf ,l;L kz; mizf;f ntz;Lk;.

fis eph]thfk;

tpij cw;gj;jp taypy; Muk;gj;jpypUe;nj fisfisf; fl;Lg]gLj;JtJ kpf

mtrpak;. @g[SFnshuypd; fis bfhy;ypia xU Vf;fUf;F 800 kpy;yp mstpy;

200 ypl;lh] jz;zPhpy; fye;J tpijj;j \d;W ehl;fSf;Fs; ifj; bjspg;ghd;

bfhz;L mfytha; bjspg;g[ Kid bghUj;jp gpd; nehf;fp ele;J/ khiy

ntisfspy; bjspf;f ntz;Lk;. fis bfhy;yp bjspf;Fk; taypy;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

Mz: kw;Wk; bgz: gaph]fs; ,uz:oYk; fytd;fis Kw;wpYk; ePf;fp

,dj;J}a;ikiag; guhkhpf;f ntz:Lk;. ,e;j ,uz:L jhahjp ,uf';fspYk;

mtw;wpd; Fzhjpra';fspypUe;J khWgl;l Fzj;ij cila brofis mit

g{g]gjw;F Kd;ng gpL';fp mg]g[wg]gLj;j ntz:Lk;. Mz: kyl;Lj; jd;ik

bfhz:l bgz: ,ufj;ijna tPhpa xl;L ,uf cw;gj;jpf;Fg] gad;gLj;j ntz;Lk;.

vdnt bgz: thpirapy; kfue;jf; bfhl;ofs; ,Ue;jhy; clnd mtw;iw

ePf;fp tpl ntz:Lk;. nkYk; Mz: ,ufr] brofs; fpisg] g{f;fs; bfhz:lit.

vdnt/ ,e;j ,ufj;jpypUe;J khWgl;l brofis/ mitfs; g{g]gjw;F Kd;ng

gpL';fp mg;g[wg;gLj;j ntz:Lk;. ,t;thW ,uz:L/ \d;W Kiw tpij cw;gj;jp

taiy ed;F Rw;wpg]ghh]j;J fytd;fis mfw;wp jukhd ,dj;J}a;ikahd

tpijfis cw;gj;jp bra;ayhk;.

tpij gpog]g[

kw;w gaph]fisg; nghy; my;yhJ tpij gpog;ig mjpfhpf;f

Nhpafhe;jpapy; jdp ftdk; brYj;j ntz;Lk;. njdPf;fs; \ynk may;

kfue;jr] nrh]f;if eilbgWfpwJ. fhw;wpd; \yk; kfue;jr] nrh]f;if

elg]gjpy;iy vd;nw Twyhk;. xU g{f;bfhz;ilapy; kyh]fs; midj;Jk;

kyh]tjw;F 7 Kjy; 9 ehl;fs; tiu MfpwJ. g{f;bfhz;ilapd; tpij gpog]g[j;

jpwid bfhz;Ljhd; Nhpafhe;jp tpij cw;gj;jp mjpfkhfpwJ. Mdhy;/

gy;ntW fhuz';fshy; g{f;bfhz;il KGtJk; tpij gpog]g[ Vw;gLtjpy;iy.

bfhz;ilapd; eLg]gFjpapy; bgUk;ghYk; tpij gpog]g[ ,y;yhky; my;yJ

ghiy tpijfshf ,Uf;Fk;.

njdPf;fs; mjpfk; ,Ue;jhy; tpij gpog;ig mjpfhpf;f Vf;fUf;F 2 njdP

bgl;ofs; itf;fyhk;. njdPf;fs; Fiwthf cs;s ,l';fspy;

g{f;bfhz;ilapd; tpij gpog;ig mjpfhpf;f g{f;fis fhiy neu';fspy; (8

kzp Kjy; 11 kzp tiu) xU bky;ypa Jzp bfhz;L xt;bthU g{thf

bkJthf jltpa[k; my;yJ ,uz;L g{f;fis xd;nwhL xd;W nrh]j;J bkJthf

nja;j;J tpl ntz;Lk;.

,jdhy; xU g{tpypUe;J kfue;jk; kw;bwhU g{tpw;F brd;wile;J may;

kfue;jr] nrh]f;if Vw;gl VJthfpwJ. ,t;thW xU ehs; tpl;L xU ehs; Ie;jhW

Kiw bra;tjhy; g{f;bfhz;ilapy; cs;s vy;yh kyh]fspYk; kfue;jr]

nrh]f;if Vw;gl;;L fpl;lj;jl;l 20 Kjy; 22 rjk; mjpf tpij gpog]g[ Vw;gl;L

tpij cw;gj;jp mjpfhpf;fpwJ. jukhd tpij cw;gj;jpapy; gaph]fis g{r]rp

kw;Wk; neha; jhf;FjypypUe;J ghJfhg]gJk; xU Kf;fpa tHpKiwfspy;

xd;whFk;. Vbddpy; g{r]rp kw;Wk; g{rz';fspd; jhf;Fjyhy; tpijapd; juk;

btFthff; Fiwe;J tpl tha;g]g[fs; cs;sd.

gwit ,ila{Wfs;

Nhpafhe;jp tpijfs; cUthFk; fhyf;fl;;lj;jpy; gwitfs; Fwpg]ghf

fpspfs; kpFe;j nrjhuj;ij cz;Lgz;qfpd;wd. vdnt jdp ftdk;

brYj;jp nrjj;ijj; jLf;f ntz;Lk;.

kyh] -33 5

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

fl;Lg]gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

� Ml;fs; bfhz;L jfuj;jhy; xyp vGg]gpa[k;/ ehl;L bto itj;Jk;/ guz;

mikj;J fy;bywpe;Jk; fpspj; bjhy;iyia fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;.

� ‘mf;dp' vd;w gsgsf;Fk; rptg]g[ bts;is ehlhit taiyr] Rw;wp fl;Ltjd;

\yk; fpspfs; tuhky; jLf;fyhk;.

� xU gFjpapy; tptrhak; bra;a[k; midj;J tptrhapfSk; xU ,lj;jpy;

Nhpafhe;jp tpijg]g[ bra;tjhy; fpsp bjhe;jut[ btFthf Fiwa[k;.

� jhnd xyp vGg]g[k; rhjdk; gad;gLj;jpa[k; gwit bjhy;iyia

fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;.

mWtil

tpij gapiu rhpahd jUzj;jpy; mWtil bra;tJ kpf Kf;fpak;. jf;f

jUzj;jpw;F Kd;ng mWtil bra;J tpl;lhy; cyu itf;Fk; nghJ tpijfs;

rpWj;J tpLtJld; Kisg;g[j; jpwd; btFthff; Fiwe;JtpLk;. fhy jhkjk;

Mfp mWtil bra;tjhy; tpijfs; g{r]rp kw;Wk; g{rz';fspd; jhf;FjYf;F

Mshfp juk; Fiwe;J tpLfpd;wd. vdnt rhpahd jUzj;jpy; mWtil bra;J

mjpf kfNYk; jukhd tpijfisa[k; bgwyhk;.

g{f;bfhz;ilfspd; mog]ghfk; vYkpr]ir k";rs; epwk; miltnj

Nhpafhe;jp tpij mWtilf;F rhpahd jUzk; MFk;. vdnt

g{f;bfhz;ilfs; vYkpr]ir epwkhdt[ld; mWtil bra;a ntz;Lk;.

tpijfis cyh]j;Jjy;

gphpj;bjLj;j tpijfis ed;F btapypy; cyu itf;f ntz;Lk;.

cyh]j;Jk; nghJ jpdKk; fhiy 8 Kjy; 12 kzp tiuapYk;/ gpd;dh] kiy 3

Kjy; 5 kzp tiuapYk; cyh]j;j ntz;Lk;. gfy; 12 kzpapypUe;J 3 kzp

tiu cs;s fhyj;jpy; Nhpadpd; g[w fjph]fspd; jhf;fk; mjpfkhf

,Ug;gjhYk; btg;gepiy cr]rj;jpy; ,Ug]gjhYk; tpijapd; juk; btFthf

ghjpf;fg;gLfpwJ. vdnt/ fhiy Kjy; khiy tiu bjhlh]e;J tpijfis

cyu itf;ff; TlhJ. tpijfis rPuhfg] gug;gp mt;tg]nghJ ed;F fpswp

tpl ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW tpijfis cyh]j;jp tpijapd;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

bgwg]gl;l tpijfspnyna khWgl;l mst[s;s tpijfs;

fhzg]gLfpd;wd. ,jdhy; Kisg]g[j;jpwDk;/ tPhpaKk; ghjpf;fg]gLfpd;wd.

vdnt/ tpijfis 9/64 m';Fyk; (3.6 kp.kP.) mst[s;s tl;lf; fz; bfhz;l

ry;yil bfhz;L tpij Rj;jpfhpg]g[ bra;J juk] gphpj;J tpijg]g[f;fhf

cgnahfpf;f ntz;Lk].

tpij cwf;fk]

cwf;fj;jpy; cs;s tpijfis 300 gpgpvk; vj;jpuhy; vd;w ,urhadf;

fiurypy; xU gpsh!;of; ghj;jpuj;jpy; ,l;L fhw;Wg]g[fhky; vl;L kzp neuk;

Cwitf;f ntz;Lk;. my;yJ 0.5 rj bghl;lhrpak; iel;nul; ,urhadf;

fiurypy; 16 kzp neuk] Cw itf;f ntz;Lk].

gpd;g[ tpijfis btspna vLj;J jz;zPhpy; ed;F fGtp epHypy;

cyh]j;jp gpwF tpijj;jhy; Kisg]g[j; jpwd; mjpfhpf;Fk;.

mWtil bra;j clndna tpijg]g[ bra;tjhf ,Ue;jhy; jhd;/ tpij

cwf;fj;jhy; tpij Kisg]g[j;jpwd; Fiwe;J fhzg;gLk; gpur;rid

Vw;gLfpwJ. bghJthf/ jukhd tpijfis th';fp tpijf;Fk; nghJ

,aw;ifapnyna tpijapd; cwf;fk] eP';fp tpijfs; ey;y Kisg]g[j;jpwd;

mile;JtpLk].

tpij nrkpg]g[

tpij cw;gj;jpapy; tpij nrkpg]g[ xU Kf;fpa ,lj;ij tfpf;fpwJ. rhpahd

Kiwapy; tpijfis nrkpg]gjd; \yk;jhd; tpijapd; juj;ij mLj;j

tpijg]g[g] gUtk] tiu ed;F ghJfhf;f Koa[k]. tpijapd;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

,ilf;fhy tpij neh]j;jp

cHth]fspd; njitf;bfd nrkpj;J itj;jpUf;Fk; Fiwe;j mst[

tpijfis 5 khj fhy nrkpg]g[f;Fg] gpd; Cwitj;J cyu itf;Fk] Kiw

\yk] tpij neh]j;jp bra;antz;Lk;. ,jw;F il-nrhoak] gh!;ngl; vd;w

,urhad kUe;ij 100 ypl;lh] ePUf;F 3.6 fpuhk; vd;w tpfpjj;jpy; vLj;Jf;

bfhs;sntz;Lk;. ,e;j fiurypy; (xU g';F tpijf;F ,U g';F fiury;)

tpijfis 3 kzp neuk] Cw itj;J gpd;g[ giHa


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

khdhthhpf;F Vw;w FWfpafhy g[jpa rhik ,ufk;

nfh(rhik)4

Kidth] m. eph]kyFkhhp kw;Wk; Kidth] R.fzgjp

rpWjhdpaj; Jiw/ gaph] ,dg]bgUf;fk; kw;Wk; kugpay; ikak;

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak]g[j;J}h] - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz; : 0422-2450507

jkpH;ehl;oy; jUkg[hp/ nryk;/


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

tpijast[

thpir tpijg]g[ : 10 fpnyh / vf;lh]

J}t[tjw;F : 12.5 fpnyh / vf;lh]

,ilbtsp

thpirf;F thpir : 25 br.kP.

brof;Fbro : 10 br.kP.

tpijfis neuoahfj; J}tp tpijg;g[ bra;ayhk;. my;yJ 3 kP x 3 kP

mst[s;s ghj;jpfspy; thpirf;F thpir 25 br.kP. ,ilbtsptpl;L nfhL

nghl;L mjd; nky; tpijfis thpirahf tpijf;fyhk;. gpd;dh] tpijfspd;

nky; kz;J}tp tpijfis \lntz;Lk;.

tpijneh;j;jp

neha; jhf;Fjiyj; jLg;gjw;F tpijfis tpijneh]j;jp bra;a ntz;Lk;.

xU fpnyh tpijf;F 2 fpuhk; jpuhk; (m) fhh]gd;lhrpk; vd;w g{rzf;;bfhy;ypia

tpija[ld; fyf;f ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW tpij neh]j;jp bra;j tpijfis kUe;J

fye;j miukzp neuj;jpw;Fs; tpijf;f ntz;Lk;.

Ez;qaph; cu';fs; tpij neh;j;jp

xU vf;lUf;Fj; njitahd tpijastpw;F 3 bghl;lyk; (600 fpuhk;)

mn!h!;ighpy;yj;ij mhprp f";rpa[ld; fye;J epHypy; cyh]j;jp tpijf;f

ntz;Lk;. epyj;jpy; ,Ltjhf ,Ue;jhy; xU vf;lUf;F 10 bghl;lyk; (2000

fpuhk;) mnrh!;ighpy;yk; my;yJ 10 bghl;lyk; (2000 fpuhk;) mn!hghi!

25 fpnyh kzy; kw;Wk; 25 fpnyh bjhGcuk; fye;J J}t ntz;Lk;.

cukpLjy;

xU vf;lh] epyj;jpy; moa[ukhf 12.5 ld; kl;fpa bjhGcuj;ij filrp

cHtpd; nghJ gug;gp gpwF epyj;ij cHntz;Lk;. gpd;dh; 20 fpnyh

jiHr]rj;J kw;Wk; 20 fpnyh kzpr]rj;ij moa[ukhf tpijg;gpd; nghJ

,lntz;Lk;. nkYukhf kPjpa[s;s 20 fpnyh jiHr]rj;ij tpijj;j 20 (m) 25

ehl;;fs; fHpj;J fpilf;Fk;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

gaph; fiyjy;

Kjy; fis vLj;jt[ld; ,uz;L my;yJ \d;W ehl;fspy; gaph]fis

fiyj;J njitahd gaph] vz;zpf;ifiag; guhkhpf;f ntz;Lk;.

gaph;ghJfhg;g[

,e;j ,ufj;ij bghJthf g{r]rpfs; kw;Wk; neha;fs; jhf;Ftjpy;iy.

Mjyhy; gaph] ghJfhg]g[ bra;a ntz;oa mtrpak; ,y;iy.

mWtil

ed;F fha;e;J Kw;wpa gpwF fjph]fis mWtil bra;J fsj;jpy;

fhaitj;J/ moj;J gpd; tpijfisg] gphpj;jy; ntz;Lk;.

kfNy;

khdhthhpapy; xU vf;lUf;F 1567 fpnyh jhdpa kfNYk; 5783 fpnyh

jPtd kfNYk; (jl;il kfNy;) juty;yJ.

FWfpa fhy taJila/ twl;rpiaj; jh';fp tsuf;Toa ,e;j

nfh(rhik)4 vd;w g[jpa ,ufk; jkpH;ehl;oy; nfhak;g[j;J}h]/ jpz;Lf;fy;/


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

m!;tfe;jh - xU kUe;J gaph;

Kidth;. v!;. ru!;tjp kw;Wk; k. ,. kzptz;zd;

gHtpay;Jiw

njhl;lf;fiyf; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp epiyak;

bghpaFsk; fpHf;F - 625 604

bjhiyngrp vz; : 04546 - 231726

m!;tfe;jh kpft[k; FWfpa fhyj;jpy; tsUk; kUe;J bro. twz;l

epy';fspy; ed;whf tsUk;. nkYk; twz;l jhpR epy';fspYk; tsUk;.

Mdhy; fspkz;zpy; ed;whf tsuhJ. ,jw;F xU thuj;jpw;F xUKiw

ePh]gha;r]rpdhny nghJk;. m!;tfe;jhtpd; nth;fs; kUj;Jt Fzk; bfhz;lJ.

,it njhy; neha;fs;/ tapw;Wg;g[z; neha; vjph]g]g[ rf;jpia mjpfhpf;ft[k;.

Mz;fSf;F tPhpaj;jd;ikia mjpfhpf;ft[k;/ bgz;fspd; khjtplha;

nfhshWfis rhpbra;at[k; kUe;jhfg; gad;gLfpwJ. elt[ bra;j 5 Kjy; 6

khjj;jpw;Fs; ,jd; nth]fs; mWtil bra;ag;gLfpwJ.

,J ,e;jpahtpy; gaph] bra;ag]gLk; xU Kf;fpakhd kUe;J gaph].

m!;tfe;jp vd;W fd;dlj;jpYk;/ m!;tfe;j; vd;W Qpe;jpapYk;/ tpd;lh] brh]hp

vd M';fpyj;jpYk; ,jid miHf;fpwhh;fs;.

ntjfhyj;jpnyna ,jd; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; gw;wp Twg;gl;Ls;sJ. tpj;jhdpd;

kw;Wk; nrhkpdpbghpd; vd;w ,uz;L ntjpg]bghUl;fns ,jd; kUj;Jt

jd;ikf;F fhuzk;. ,it mjpfkhf nth;g;gFjpfspy; ,Ue;J

bgwg]gLfpd;wd. nkYk; ,jd; ,iyfs; 5 tifahd ntjpg;bghUl;fis

bfhz;Ls;sJ. nkYk; ,jd; jz;LgFjpapy; nldpd; kw;Wk; gpnstdha;l;!;

mjpfk; cs;sJ.

,jd; kUj;Jt Fzj;jpw;F/ gy;ntW ntjpf;Tl;Lg;bghUl;fns fhuzk;.

,e;jpahtpy; tpisa[k; ,ufk; 0.13 Kjy; 0.31 rjtPjk; tiu ntjpf;Tl;Lg;

bghUl;fis bfhz;Ls;sJ. Mdhy;/ Mg;gphpf;fh ,ufj;jpd; nth;fspy;

rpwpjst[ ,sk; gGg;g[epw/ vspjpy; Mtpahff; Toa eWkz vz;bza;

,Uf;fpwJ. gH';fspy; mjpf g[uj rj;J cs;sJ.

tpj;jhdpd; - V vd;gJ neha; vjph;g;g[ fhuzpahft[k; kw;Wk; fl;ofisf;

Fzg;gLj;jt[k; gad;gLfpwJ. ,iyapdhy; bra;ag;gl;l girahdJ

fl;ofisa[k;/ rUkneha;fisa[k; Fzg;gLj;j gad;gLfpwJ. uh$!;jhdpy;/

Klf;Fthjj;jpw;F kUe;jhf ,jid gad;gLj;Jfpwhh;fs;. g";rhgpy;/ Fly;

g[z;iz Fzkhf;f gad;gLj;Jfpwhh;fs;.

,iyapy; ,Ue;J bgwg;gLk; frhak;/ FHe;ijfSf;F $Puzj;ij

nghf;t[k;/ cly; tPf;fj;ijg; nghf;ft[k; Fog]gth]fis FHg;gHf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;J

kyh] -33 12

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

tpLtpf;ft[k; gad;gLfpwJ. bgz;fSf;F Vw;gLk; bts;isgLjy;/ khjtplha;

nfhshW/ kyl;Lj;jd;ik fUg;igg;g[z; Mfpaitfis Fzg;gLj;j

gad;gLfpwJ. ,jd; nth;fspy; ,Ue;J bgwg;gLk; gt[lh]/ ghk;gpd; tprj;ij

Kwpf;ff;Toa ty;yik bfhz;lJ. ,jd; nth; frhak;/ fUg;ig g[z;iz

nghf;ff;ToaJ.

,jd; nth]frhaj;Jld;/ kpsF/ jpg;gpyp/ btz;bza] kw;Wk; njd;

(25 - 50fp.) my;yJ ,jd; nth]gt[lh; cld; ghy; nrh;j;J gUfpdhy; Mz;fSf;F

tPhpaj;jd;ik mjpfhpf;Fk;.

,jd; ,iyjiHfspy; ,Ue;J jahhpf;fg;gLk; girahdJ Fjpiufspy;

Vw;gLk; g[z;fisa[k;/ fl;ofisa[k; Fzg;gLj;j cjt[fpd;wJ.

jhtutpay; gz;g[fs;

m!;tfe;jh - brhyhndrpna FLk;g tifiar; nrh;e;jJ. jf;fhspia

nghd;W/ ,Jt[k; ,iya[jpuh jhtuk;. ,J 13 - 150 br.kP. cauKk; tsuf;ToaJ.

,jd; jz;LgFjp mjpf kaph; cnuhk';fs; kw;Wk; mjpf fpisfs;

cilajhft[k; ,Uf;Fk;. ,iyfs; ePs;tl;l totpYk;/ ,iyapd; Edp

Th;ikahft[k;/ kyh;fs; ,Uka jd;ik bfhz;ljhft[k; ,iyapd;

mog;gFjpapy; ,Ue;J njhd;Wk;. nkYk; kyh;fs; bfhj;jhfj; njhd;Wk;

(vz;zpf;if 25). kyh;fs; btsphpa k";rs; epwj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk;. fha;fs; rpwpa

cUz;il totpYk;/ rpfg;g[ epwj;jpYk; ,Uf;Fk;. nkYk; ,jd; fha;fs;

epiyahd g[s;sptl;lk; bfhz;lJ. ,jd; kyh;fs; $%d; Kjy; brg;lk;gh; tiu

njhd;Wk;. nkYk; ,jd; gGj;j fdpfs; ork;gh] Kjy; mWtilf;F tUk;.

cyh;j;jg;gl;l nth]fs; Vw;Wkjp bra;ag]gLfpd;wd. nth]fs; 10 Kjy; 17.5 br.kP.

ePsKk; 6.12 kp.kP. Rw;wst[ bfhz;ljhf ,Ue;jhy; kl;Lnk mitfs;

mWtil bra;a jFe;jit.

,uf';fs;

$tfh; m!e;jh 20

1. mlh]e;j gr;ir ,iyfs;/ ,sk; btsphpa kyh;fs;/ fha;fs; Kjph;e;jt[ld;

k";rs; epwj;Jld; fhzg]gLk;.

2. xU vf;lUf;F 7 Ftpz;lhy; cyh]e;j nth;fs; kfNyhff; fpilf;Fk;.

,jd; nth;fspy; cs;s ntjpg]bghUspd; mst[ 0.1 Kjy; 0.5 rjk; tiu

fhzg;gLk;.

lgps;a{ v!; 22 (WS22)

1. ,J $k;Ktpy; cs;s kz;ly Muha;r;rp epiyaj;jpypUe;J

cUthf;fg;gl;lJ. ghpe;Jiu bra;ag;gLk; cu msit Vw;W tsuf;ToaJ.

kyh] -33 13

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

2. xU vf;lUf;F 1000 Kjy; 1200 fpnyh tiu kfNy; fpilf;Fk;.

rpkhg; lgps;a{ v!; 10 - uf;rpjh

uf;rpjh xU vf;lUf;F 8 Kjy; 10 Ftpz;lhy; tiu kfNy; juf;ToaJ.

,jpy; ntjpg]bghUspd; mst[ 0.5 rjtPjk; ,Uf;Fk;.

kz;

m!;tfe;jh mjpfkhf fhpry; my;yJ rptg]g[kz; tiffspy; ed;whf

tsUk;. nkYk; ed;F tofhy; trjp bfhz;l kz;fns rhFgof;F Vw;wjhf

,Uf;Fk;. mkpyfhu mst[ 7.5 Kjy; 8 tiu ,Uj;jy; ntz;Lk;.

jl;gbtg;gepiy

m!;tfe;jh mjpfkhf kpjbtg;gkz;ly gFjpfspy; ed;whf tsUk;. ,J

mjpfkhf gpd; kiHgUtj;jpy; gaphplg;gLfpwJ. nkYk; ey;y tsh;r;rpf;F

kpjkhd twz;l thdpiy njitg]gLfpwJ. ,jd; nth; tsh;r;rpf;F xd;W

my;yJ ,uz;L kiH kl;Lnk nghJk;. kiHapd; mst[ 660 Kjy; 750 kp.kP.

Mf ,Ue;jhy; m!;tfe;jhit gaph] bra;ayhk;.

gaphpLk; Kiw

gaph;bgUf;fk; bra;a[k; Kiw

tpijfis neuoahf epyj;jpy; tpijj;jy; \ykhft[k; my;yJ jdpahf

ehw;w';fhy; mikj;J ehw;Wfis cw;gj;jp bra;Jk; gaph] bra;ayhk;.

neuo tpijg;g[

,t;tifapy; tpijfs; neuoahf tpisepy';fspy; J}tg;gLfpwJ. ,J

bghJthf khdhthhpg;gapuhf tpijf;fg]gLfpwJ. mjdhy; $^iy khjj;jpw;F

Kd; tpisepy';fis ed;F jahh] bra;J ghj;jpfs; mikf;f ntz;Lk;. $^iy

khjj;jpd; ,Wjpapy; 10 -12 fpnyh tpijfis xU vf;lUf;F gad;gLj;j

ntz;Lk;.

ehw;w';fhy; Kiw

,t;tifapy; ed;F cGJ cah;kl;l ghj;jpfs; mikj;jy; ntz;Lk;.

ed;F njh]e;J vLf;fg]gl;l tpijfis xU vf;lUf;F 5 fpnyh vd;w mstpy;

ilj;njd; vk;-45 kUe;ij 3 fpuhk;/fpnyh vd;w tpfpjj;jpy; ed;F fye;J

cah]kl;l ghj;jpfspy; thpirahf tpijf;f ntz;Lk;. ,jdhy; ehw;w';fhypy;

njhd;Wk; bgUk;ghyhd neha;fs; jLf;fg;gLfpd;wd. tpijfs; tpijj;jt[ld;

ed;F ePh] gha;r]r ntz;Lk;. tpijj;j 5 ehl;fspypUe;J/ 7 ehl;fSf;Fs;

tpijfs; Kisf;fj; bjhl';Fk;. 42 ehl;fs; Md ehw;Wfis ehw;w';fhypy;

,Ue;J/ elt[ taYf;F khw;wp 2 mo x 2 mo vd;w ,ilbtspapy; elt[

bra;antz;Lk;.

cukpLjy;

m!;tfe;jhtpw;F mjpfkhf cukply; njitapy;iy. kj;jpa

gpunjr';fspy; tpisa[k; m!;tfe;jhtpw;F ve;jtpj cuKk; ,Ltjpy;iy.

kyh] -33 14

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

fis vLj;jy;

elt[ bra;j 30 ehl;fspy; xU Kiwa[k; mLj;j 30 ehl;fs; ,ilbtspapy;

xU Kiwa[k; fis vLf;fntz;Lk;. bghJthf xU vf;lUf;F 20000 - 25000

brofs; ,Uf;FkhW ghh]j;Jf;bfhs;sntz;Lk;.

g{r;rp kw;Wk; neha;fl;Lg;ghL

m!;tfe;jhtpy; g{r]rpfspd; jhf;Fjy; Fiwt[. ehw;W mGfy; kw;Wk;

,iy mGfy; neha;fisj; jLf;f nfg;lhd; vd;w kUe;ij 3 fpuhk; / fpnyh

vd;w mstpy; tpijfSld; fye;J ehw;w';fhypy; gaph] bra;jhy; ,jd;

jhf;fj;ijf; Fiwf;f Koa[k;. nkYk; ilj;njd; vk; - 45 kUe;ij 3 fpuhk; /

ypl;lh] jz;zPhpy; fye;J 30 ehl;fs; tajhd gaph]fSf;Fj; bjspj;J

fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;.

mWtil

$dthp khjj;jpypUe;J khh;r; khjk; tiu (150ypUe;J - 170 ehl;fs;)

gaph]fis mWtil bra;a ntz;Lk;. kz;zpy; ,Ue;J ,jd; jz;Lg]gFjpia

ePf;fptpl;L nth]gFjpfisj; njhz;o vLj;J cyh;j;j ntz;Lk;.

juk;gphpj;jy;

cyh]j;jg]gl;l nth;fspy; cs;s kz; kw;Wk; rpwpa nth;fs; Mfpatw;iw

fl;ilahy; moj;J ed;F Rj;jk; bra;jy; ntz;Lk;. gpd;g[ gpujhd

jz;Lg]gFjpia rpW Jz;Lfshf btl;o/ nthpd; jokd; kw;Wk; rPuhd jd;ik

Mfpatw;iwg; bghUj;J juk; gphpf;f ntz;Lk;.

Kjy; juk; (V fpnuL)

nth;fs; 7 br.kP. ePsKs;sjhft[k; (1 -1.5 br.kP. gUkd; cilajhft[k;

,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. nkYk; nthpd; cl;gFjp bts;is epwj;jpy; ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;.

,uz;lhk; juk; (gp fpnuL)

nthpd; ePsk; 5 br.kP. ,Uf;fntz;Lk;. mjd; gUkd; Fiwe;jJ 1 br.kP.

,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. nthpd; cl;gFjp bts;is epwkhf ,Uf;fntz;Lk;.

\d;whk; juk; (rp fpnuL)

ePsk; 3 - 5 br.kP. ,Uf;fntz;Lk;. nthpd; gUkd; Fiwe;jJ 1 br.kP. my;yJ

mij tpl Fiwe;jjhf ,Uf;fntz;Lk;.

filrp juk;

bghJthf k";rs; epw cl;gFjpa[ld;/ rpd;d rpd;d cile;j nth]fshf

,Uf;Fk;.

kfNy;

ruhrhpahf 300 - 500 fpnyh/vf;lh] cyh]j;jg]gl;l ntUk;/ 50 -75 fpnyh /

vf;lh] tpija[k; fpilf;Fk;.

������

kyh] -33 15

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

jhkpuguzp ghrdg;gFjpf;fhd jpUe;jpa bey;

rhFgo El;g';fs;

Kidth] vk;.v!;.eph;kyh

bey; Muha;r;rp epiyak;/ mk;ghrKj;jpuk; - 627 401

bjhiyngrp vz: : 04634 - 2510215

bjd;khtl;l';fspd; ‘bew;fs";rpak;' vd;W fUjg;gLk; jhkpuguzp

ghrdg;gFjp jpUbey;ntyp kw;Wk; J}j;Jf;Fo khtl;l';fis cs;slf;fpajhFk;.

,g]gFjpapy; fhh] kw;Wk; gprhdg] gUt';fspy; Rkhh] xU ,yl;rj;J Kg;gjhapuk;

Vf;fh] gug]gpy; bey; rhFgo bra;ag]gLfpwJ.\d;whk; gUt bey; rhFgo (nfhil

bey;) xU rpy gFjpfspy; eilKiwapy; cs;sJ. bew;gapUf;Fj; njitahd

ePh]ts';fs; ehSf;Fehs; Fiwe;J bfhz;nl tUk; epiyapy;/ bgUfp tUk; kf;fs;

bjhifapd; czt[j; njitia epiwt[ bra;a g[jpa cw;gj;jp bjhHpy; El;g';fis

filgpof;f ntz;oaJ mtrpakhfpwJ. mk;ghrKj;jpuk; bey; Muha;r]rp

epiyaj;jpy; fle;j 2004 kw;Wk; 2005-k; Mz;Lfspy; fhh] kw;Wk; gprhd gUt';fspy;

jpUe;jpa bey; rhFgo elt[ Kiw Fwpj;j Ma;t[ nkw;bfhs;sg]gl;lJ. mk;ig 18

bey; ,ufk; Ma;t[f;fhf gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.

gha; ehw;w';fhypy; ehw;Wfs; cw;gj;jp bra;J 14 ehl;fs; tajpy; 15 x 15 br.kP./

20 x 20 br.kP./ 25 x 25 br. kP. kw;Wk; 30 x 30 br.kP. ,ilbtspapy; elt[ bra;ag;gl;lJ.

rhjhud Kiwapy;/ mjhtJ 28 ehspy; 15 x 10 br.kP. ,ilbtspapy; elt[ bra;J

tsh;f;fg;gl;;l ehw;W/ rJu elt[ Kiwapy; tsh]f;fg]gl;l ehw;Wld; xg;gpl;Lg]

ghh]f;fg]gl;lJ. broapd; cauk;/ J}h]fs; vz;zpf;if/ fjphpd; ePsk;/ bey; kzpfs;

vz;zpf;if kw;Wk; gaph]kfNy; jpwdpy; Ma;t[fs; nkw;bfhs;sg;gl;ld. Ma;t[

Kot[fspd;go/ fhh] kw;Wk; gprhdg] gUt';fspy; ehw;Wfis ‘gha; ehw;W' Kiw

\yk; cw;gj;jp bra;J 14 ehl;fs; tajpy; rJu elt[ Kiwapy; elt[ bra;tjd;

\yk; rhjhuz elt[ Kiwiatpl mjpf kfNy; fpilg;gJ mwpag;gl;Ls;sJ.

2004-k; Mz;L gprhdg;gUtj;jpy; 20 x 20 br.kP. eltpy; mjpf kfNyhf xU

vf;lUf;F 7150 fpnyh bgwg;gl;Ls;sJ. mLj;jjhf 25 x 25 br.kP. rJu elt[ Kiw

mjpf kfNiy mspj;Js;sJ. elj;jg;gl;l ehd;F Ma;t[fspd;go/ rhjhuz 25

ehl;fs; taJ ehw;Wfis 15 x 10 br.kP. ,ilbtspapy; elt[ bra;a[k; Kiwia

tpl ,sk; ehw;Wfis rJu elt[ Kiwapy; elt[ bra;jjd; \yk; mjpf kfNy;

bgwg]gl;Ls;sJ. jpUe;jpa bey; rhFgo Kiwapy; Fiwe;j ePh] brytpy;/ gaphpd;

njitf;nfw;g jiHa[ukpl;L/ fis brofis fis cUl;Lk; fUtp \yk;

kz;zpDs; mK';fr] bra;J mjidj; jiHa[ukhf khw;wp/ gaphpd; J}h]fs;

vz;zpf;ifia mjpfkhf;fp/ broapd; nth;g;gFjpapy; fhw;nwhl;lj;ij mjpfhpf;fr]

bra;a ntz;Lk;. gapUf;Fg]gaph] thpirf;F thpir mspf;fg;gLk; ,ilbtsp rJu

Kiw eltpy; gaphpd; tsh]r]rpiaj; Jhpjg;gLj;jp J}h;fs; vz;zpf;ifia

mjpjkhf;FfpwJ. J}h]fs; vz;zpf;iff;F Vw;g fjphpd; vz;zpf;if mjpfkhtjhy;

gaphpd; kfNy; jpwd; 25 tpGf;fhL tiu mjpfkhfpwJ.

������

kyh] -33 16

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

khdhthhp epy';fSf;nfw;w epue;ju cu

eph;thf Ma;t[

Kidth] j. tre;jp/ Kidth] rp. bry;yKj;J kw;Wk;

Kidth] b$. ghyKUfd;

kz;zpay; kw;Wk; ntshz; ntjpapay; Jiw

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h] - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz: : 0422-6611235

nfhit ntshz; gy;fiyf; fHfj;jpy; cs;s epue;ju cu eph]thf

Ma;t[j;jplyhdJ ,e;jpahtpnyna kpf gHik tha;e;jJ. ,t;thuha;r]rpahdJ

,';fpyhe;jpy; cs;s nuhjk;!;jl; epue;ju cu eph]thf Ma;tpw;Fg]gpd;

Jtf;fg;gl;lJ. 1909-Mk; Mz;L g[d;bra; epyj;jpy; Jtf;fg;gl;l

,t;tha;thdJ 1937-y; khdhthhp cu eph]thf jplyhf khw;wg;gl;lJ.

,e;j Ma;t[ gj;J elj;J Kiwfis cs;slf;fpaJ. ,e;j gj;J elj;J

Kiwfshtd/ jiHr;rj;J/ jiH + kzpr]rj;J/ jiH + rhk;gy;rj;J/ jiH +

kzp + rhk;gy;rj;J/ kzp + rhk;gy;rj;J/ rhk;gy;rj;J kl;Lk;/ kzpr]rj;J

kl;Lk;/ bjhGcuk;/ bjhGcu fHpt[ kw;Wk; vJt[nk ,lhjJ MFk;. rkPgj;jpa

Ma;tpy; nkw;fz;l gj;J elj;J KiwfSld; jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg]

gy;fiyf; fHfk; ghpe;Jiuj;j cu mst[k;/ kz; ghpnrhjidapd;

mog;gilapy; ghpe;Jiuf;fg;gl;l cu mst[k; nrh;f;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

,e;j Ma;tpd; kpf Kf;fpa nehf;fkhdJ/ bjhlh] jPtpu ntshz;ikapy;

m';ff/ md';ff cu';fis ,Ltjhy; gaph] tpisr;ry;/ kz;zpd;

Ez;q}l;l rj;jpd; mst[/ kz;zpy; cs;s midj;J rj;Jf;fspd; bjhFg;g[/

cu RHw;rp Kiw Mfpatw;iw mwpa KofpwJ. nkYk;/ m';ff/ md';ff

cukpLtjhy; kz;zpy; Vw;gLk; bgsjPf kw;Wk; ntjpapay; khw;w';fs;/ kz;

eyd;/ gaph] kfNy; vt;thW khdhthhp epy';fspy; khWgLfpwJ vd;gija[k;

mwpa ngUjtpahf cs;sJ. bjhl';fpa fhyk; Kjy; 1992 tiu nrhsk; -

gUj;jp gaph] RHw;rpa[k;/ 1993 Kjy; ,t;tUlk; tiu nrhsk; jdpg]apuhft[k;

gaph] bra;ag;gLfpwJ. ,J tiu 145 jdpg]gaph]fs; mWtil bra;ag]gl;Ls;sJ.

,j;jF gHiktha;e;j Ma;tpd; Kot[fspd; \yk; fPH;f;fz;l

tpsf;f';fis bjspthf mwpa KofpwJ.

� khdhthhp gapUf;F jiH/ kzp/ rhk;gy; ng+l;l';fspy; VjhtJ xd;iw

kl;Lk; mspg]gjd; \yk; kfNy; FiwfpwJ. mjhtJ jiHr]rj;ij jdpahf

mspj;jhy; kfNy; FiwfpwJ. nkYk;/ kzpr]rj;J mspf;fg]glhtpl;lhy;

kfNy; fzprkhfnt FiwfpwJ. mjhtJ 50 rjtPj kfNy; FiwghL

cz;lhfpwJ.

� jiH kw;Wk] kzp/ jiH/ kzp/ rhk;gy; kw;Wk; bjhGcuk; Mfpa rj;J

kyh] -33 17

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

tpfpj';fis bjhlh]e;J mspg]gjd; \yk] Vw;gLk] gaph] kfNy; mjpfkhf

cs;sJ.

� bjhlh]e;J kz;zpy; kzpr]rj;ij ,lhky; ,Ue;jhy; kz;zpy;

,aw;ifahfnt cs;s kzpr]rj;Jk; Fiwe;J fhzg]gLfpwJ. ,J Rkhh]

vf;lUf;F 15 fpnyh vd;w mstpypUe;J vf;lUf;F 1.7 Kjy; 2.0 fpnyh vd;w

mstpw;F Fiwe;Js;sJ.

� rhk;gy; rj;jpd; mst[k; kz;zpy; m';ff cuk; ,lhjjhy; Fiwe;nj

fhzg]gLfpwJ.

� bjhlh] m';ff cuk] mspg;gjhy; kz;zpd; ePh] gpog]g[j;jd;ik/ Jthu mst[

kw;Wk; kz; tphpt[ jd;ik mjpfhpf;fpwJ.

� nkYk;/ kz;zpy; fhpkj;jpd; mst[/ bjhGcuk; kw;Wk; m';ff cu';fis

mspg]gjhy; mjpfhpf;fpwJ. kz; tsj;ij epiyepWj;Jk; Ez;qaphpfspd;

vz;zpf;ifa[k;/ caph] fhp tpfpjj;jpd; mst[k; mjpfhpj;J fhzg]gLfpwJ.

bghJthf/ jiH/ kzp/ rhk;gy; rj;Jf;fisnah my;yJ bjhGcuj;ijnah

kz;zpy; bjhlh]r]rpahf mspg]gjd; \yk; epiyahd mjpf tpisr]rYk;/

kz;zpd; tsKk]/ bgsjPf ntjpapay; jd;ikfSk] nkk]gLfpwJ. nkYk]

gapUf;F njitahd jiH/ kzp rhk]gy; rj;jpd; mst[k; mjpfhpj;J/ kz; tsKk]

nkk]gl;Ls;sJ fz;lwpag]gl;Ls;sJ. vdnt/ khdhthhp cHth]fs;/ j';fs;

epy';fspy; ghpe;Jiuf;fg]gl;l jiH/ kzp/ rhk;gy; rj;Jf;fisnah my;yJ

bjhGcuj;ijnah bjhlh]e;J xU vf;lUf;F 10 ld; ,l;L kz;tsk] fhj;J/

epiyahd gaph] kfNiy mjpfhpf;fyhnk !!

��������

bjhpe;J bfhs;S';fs;

kz;khjphpfs; nrfhpf;Fk; Kiw

cHth]fns* gaph] mWtil bra;jgpd; kz;khjphpfs; nrfhpf;f ntz;Lk;.

kz; khjphpfs; vLf;f ntz;oa ,lj;jpYs;s ,iy/ rUF/ g[y;/ bro kw;Wk;

gz;izf; fHpt[fs; Mfpatw;iw ifapdhy; mg]g[wg]gLj;jntz;Lk;. khjphpfs;

vLf;Fk;nghJ M';fpy vGj;J ‘V' totk; nghy; kz;btl;oahy; ,Ug[wKk; btl;o

me;j kz;iz ePf;fptpl ntz;Lk;. gpwF epyj;jpd; nky; kl;l gFjpapypUe;J 0-

15 br.kP. MHk; tiu xnu gUkdpy; miu m';Fy fdj;jpy; brJf;fp khjphp

nrfhpf;f ntz;Lk;. ,t;thwhf Fiwe;jgl;rk; xU Vf;fUf;F 10 ,l';fspy;

khjphpfs; nrfhpf;f ntz;Lk;. kz; khjphpfs;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

nky; kz; ,Wf;fKk; - epth;j;jp KiwfSk;

bry;tp. Mh;. gp. nQkh kw;Wk; bt. bre;jpy;Fkhh;

gp. vk;. o. ntshz; mwptpay; epiyak;

br';fpg;gl;o - 613 402/ j";rht{h; khtl;lk;

bjhiyngrp vz; : 04362 - 225174

nky; kz; ,Wf;fk; vd;gJ (surface soil crusting) cyfpd; gy ehLfspy;/

gy;ntW tifahd jl;gbtg;g NH;epiyfspy; fhzg;gLk; gpur;ridahFk;.

btg]gkhd kw;Wk; kpj btg;gkhd rPnjh#;z epiyfs; ,J cz;lhtjw;F

Vw;w NH;epiyfshFk;. bghJthf nky; kz; ,Wf;fk; vd;gJ kzw;gh';fhd

nkw;gug;g[ kz;zpy; Vw;gLk; xU bgsjpf gpur;ridahFk;. nky; kz;zpy;

tpGk; kiHj;Jspfspd; jhf;fj;jhYk;/ mjid bjhlh;e;J Vw;gLk;

twl;rpahYk; nky; kz; ,Wf;fk; Vw;gLfpd;wJ. ,t;thW ,WFk; jd;ikahy;

kz;zpd; nky;gug;g[ fodkile;J/ tpijf;fg;gLk; tpijfs; Kisj;J

btsptUk; nghJ xUtpj mGj;jj;ij cz;lhf;fp/ Kisg;gjw;F xU jilia

Vw;gLj;JfpwJ. ,jdhy; tpij Kisg;g[ jpwd; mjpf mstpy;

ghjpf;fg;gLfpwJ. nkYk; kiHePh; epyj;jpy; cl;g[Ftjw;Fk; jilahf

,Ug;gjhy;/ kiHePh; nknyhl;lkhf Xor; brd;W toe;JtpLfpwJ. ,jdhy;

gaph;fSf;Fj; njitahd ePiu kz;zpd; mog;gFjpapy; nrkpj;J

itj;Jf;bfhs;s Kotjpy;iy. ,J jtpu kz; mhpg]g[ cz;lhtjw;Fk; ,J

VJthf mikfpwJ.

,j;jifa nky;kz; ,Wf;fk;/ kzw;gh';fhd epy';fspYk;/ brk;bghiw

kz; tiffspYk; gutyhff; fhzg;gLfpwJ. jkpH;ehl;oy; ,t;tifahd

nky; kz; ,Wf;fk; g[Jf;nfhl;il/ jpUr]rp/ j";rht{h]/ ,uhkehjg[uk; kw;Wk;

jpUbey;ntyp khtl;l';fspy; brk;kz; tiffspYk;/ tanyhfk; kz;

tiffspYk; kw;Wk; ntWrpy kz;tiffspYk; fhzg;gLfpwJ.

kz;fz;lk; mjpf MHkpy;yhky; fPH;gug;gpy; ghiwfs; fhzg;gLjy;/

nkw;gug]g[ kz;zpy; mjpf fspapy;yhky; kzw;rhhpahf ,Uj;jy;/ kz;zpy;

m';ffg] bghUl;fs;/ Rz;zhk;g[r] rj;J kw;Wk; gaph]fSf;Fj; njitahd kw;w

kzpr]rj;J bghUl;fs; Fiwthf ,Uj;jy; nghd;wit nky; kz; ,Wf;fk;

Vw;gl Kf;fpaf; fhuz';fshFk;. nkYk; kzw;gh';F kw;Wk; fsp

mjpfkpy;yhj epy';fspy; ,g;gpur;rid bghJthf Vw;gLfpwJ. ,e;j

tifahd kz;zpy; kz;Jfs;fs; xd;nwhL xd;W nrh]e;J Tl;lhf ,y;yhky;

jdpj;jdpahft[k;/ Tl;lhf cs;sit tYtw;wjhft[k; cs;sd. kiHePh]

ntfkhf epyj;jpy; tpGk; bghGJ tYtw;w kz;Jspfspd; Tl;L rpije;J

tpLfpwJ. ,g;go jdpj;jdpahd kz;Jspfs; kiH ePuhy; nkw;gug]gpw;Fj;

kyh] -33 19

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

js;sg;gl;L kz;zpd; Jthu';fis milj;J kz; ,Wf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;JfpwJ.

,e;jtif kz; ,Wf;fk;/ gpwF mkpyj;jd;ika[s;s epy';fspy; ,Uk;g[ kw;Wk;

mYkpdpa Mf;i!LfSld; fye;J nkYk; ,Wf;fkilfpwJ. ,t;thwhd

kz; ,Wf;fk; fha;e;j epiyapy; fhd;f;hPl; nghy fodkhf ,Uf;Fk;. Mdhy;/


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

xU FHpf;F ,uz;L my;yJ \d;W tpijfshf Tl;lhf tpijf;fyhk;.

� bjspg]g[ ePh] ghrd Kiwfisf; ifahz;L/ mjd; \ykhf kz;zpw;Fk;/

gapUf;Fk; njitahd mst[ ePiu mof;fo mspj;J tUtjhy; epyk;

fhahky; vg]bghGJk;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

fsh] kw;Wk; cth] kz; tiffSf;nfw;w

ntshz;ik

Kidth] ,uh.mKjh/ Kidth] R.Kj;Jbyl;Rkp kw;Wk]

Kidth] k.bry;tuh$d;;

kz;zpd; Fiwfs;

kz;ly Muha;r;rp epiyak;

mUg]g[f;nfhl;il - 626 107

bjhiyngrp vz: : 04566-220562

ePz;l fhy ntshz;ikahYk;/ ,aw;ifahft[k; kz;zpd; juk; Fiwe;J

bfhz;L tUfpwJ. kz;zpd; ,urhadg] gz;g[fs; khWgLtjhy; cz;lhFk;

Fiwfshd fsh]/ cth] jd;ikfs; epyj;ija[k;/ tpisr]riya[k; ghjpf;fpd;wd.

epyg]gug]gpy; cg]g[ nj';Fk;bghGJ/ rhjhuz kz; cg]g[ kz;zhfpwJ.

kiH my;yJ ePh]ghrdj;jhy; cg]g[/ ePhpy; fiue;J kz;zpd; moj;jsj;jpw;F

brd;WtpLk;. tofhy; rhpahf mike;jhy; cg;g[ePh; epyg;gug;gpdpd;W

btspnawptpLk;. ,jdhy; kz;zpd; cg]g[j;jd;ik Fiwayhk;. bghJthf

cg]g[ kz;fspy; rhg]ghl;L cg]g[ (nrhoak; FnshiuL) gutyhff; fhzg]gLk;.

,j;jifa kz;fspypUe;J cg;g[ btspnawpdhYk;/ kz;zpYs;s

fspj;Jfs;fs; cg]gpd; gFjpahd nrhoa madpfis


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

nky;kl;lj;jpw;F ePh] cwp";rg]gLifapy; kz;zpy; cg;g[ mjpfhpf;fyhk;.

bghJthf/ fhy;rpak;/ kf;dPrpak;/ bghl;lhrpak;/ nrhoak; cg;g[fs; kz;zpy;

fhzg;gLfpd;wd. cyfpd; gy ghf';fspYk; cg;g[ kz;zpy; rhg;ghl;L

cg;ghd nrhoak; FnshiuL kpFe;J fhzg;gLfpwJ. cg;g[fs; kz;zpy;

cs;s ePhpy; fiue;J/ cg;g[ madpfspd; mst[ mjpfhpf;Fk;bghGJ

gaph;fshy; ePiu cwp";r Kotjpy;iy. ,jdhy; gaph]fs; tho kofpd;wd.

nrhoak; FnshiuL nghd;w madpfs; gaph]fSf;F e";rhf mikayhk;.

fsh] kz;zpy; ePh] nrUk;bghGJ kz;zpd; fl;likg;g[ rpija[k;.

,j;jifa ,ay;g[g; gz;g[fspd; FiwghLfshy; tpisr;ry; ghjpf;fg;gLfpwJ.

Mdhy;/ cg]g[kz;zpy; ePh; nrUk;bghGJ kz;fl;ofs; rpije;jhYk;

fspj;Jfs;fs; gphptjpy;iy. kz;zpd; fl;likg;g[ rPuHptjpy;iy.

cg;g[kz;zpy;/ kz;zPhpy; fiue;j mjpfst[ cg;ghy; gaphpd; ePh] cwp";Rk;

jpwd; FiwtnjhL/ rpy madpfs; gapUf;F e";rhf khwyhk;.

cth] kz;

kz;zpd; fhu mkpyj;jd;ik 8.5f;F nkw;gl;lhy; fhu kz;zhFk;.

Rz;zhk;g[ kpFe;j kz;fspy; fhu mkpyj; jd;ik 8 Kjy; 8.5 tiu ,Uf;Fk;.

,e;j mstPLfspy; gaph]fs; ed;whfnt tsh]fpd;wd. Mdhy;/ nrhoak;

fhh;gndl; (ryit cg;g[) my;yJ nrhoak; igfhh]gndl; (nrhlh cg;g[) nghd;w

cg;g[fs; ,Ue;jhy; kz;zpd; fhuj;jd;ik mjpfkhfpwJ. cth; kz;zpy;

,e;j cg]g[fs; ,Ug;gjhy; nrhoak; madpfSk; mjpfhpj;Jf; fhzg;gLk;.

Mjyhy; cth] kz; nrhoak; rhh;e;j kz;zhfp jz;zPUld; nrUk;bghGJ/

fsh] kz;izg] nghd;W fl;likg;g[ Fiye;J fspj;Jfs;fs; jdpj;jdpahfg;

gphpfpd;wd. kz;zpd; ,ay;g[g] gz;g[fs; rPuHpe;J tpisr]ry; Fd;Wk;. nrhoa

kz;zpy; mjpfkhdhy;/ mjhtJ cth] kz;zpy;/ kz;zpd; juk; tpiuthf

rPuHpa[k;. cth] kz;zpy; ,Uf;Fk; fhh]gndl; my;yJ igfhh]gndl; madpfs;

gaph]fSf;F e";rhfpd;wd.

vdpDk;/ ,aw;ifapnyna ,f;FiwghLfis jh';fp tsuf;Toa jf

mikg]g[fisf; bfhz;l ntshz;ik kw;Wk; njhl;lf;fiyg] gaph]fs; fPnH

bfhLf;fg]gl;Ls;sd.

mjpff; fsiuj; jh';fp tsuf;Toa gaph;fs;

bey; (gp.xa;.1./ nfh.43/ iga{h] 1 ,uf';fs;)

uhfp (nfh.11/ nfh.12/ nfh.13 ,uf';fs;)

kpjkhd fsiuj; jh';fp tsuf;Toa gaph;fs;

nrhsk; (nfh.24/ nfh.25)/ fUk;g[ (nfh.771)/ fk;g[/ gUj;jp(vk;.rpa[.7/ vk;.rpa[.10)/

nfhJik/ Nhpafhe;jp/ Nghg[y;/ ntypkrhy;/ tuF/ bfha;ah/ ,ye;ij

kyh] -33 23

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

fsh]j;jd;ikahy; ghjpg]ngw;gLk; gaph]fs;

gPd;!;/ fliy/ bkhr]ir/ vYkpr]ir

mjpfst[ cg;igj;jh';fp tsuf;Toa gaph;fs;

gUj;jp/ ghh]yp/ uhfp/ Rfh]gPl;/ njhl;l gPl;+l;/ Fjpiu krhy;/ bgh]Klh g[y;/ cth;

g[y;/ !;gpdhr] fPiu

eLj;ju mst[ cg;igj; jh';fp tsuf;Toa gaph;fs;

jf;fhsp/ Kl;ilnfhR/ cUisf;fpH';F/ nfhJik/ bey;/ nful;/ bt';fhak;/

gu';fpf;fha;/ kf;fhr]nrhsk;/ Nhpafhe;jp/ Mkzf;F/ khJis/ mj;jp/ jpuhl;ir

Fiwe;j mst[ cg;igj; jh';fp tsuf;Toa gaph;fs;

njhl;l mtiu/ Ks;s';fp/ Mu";R/ vYkpr]ir/ gr]ir mtiu

nkyhf Rz;zhk;gpUe;jhy;

elyhk; - fpishprpoah/ Nghg[y;/ mfj;jp/ k";rs;/ bfhd;iw/ rPikf;fUnty;

elntz;lhk; - bjd;id/ kh (Vbdd;why; kuk; tsUk;; kfNy; fpilf;fhJ)

Rz;zhk;g[ got';fs; cs;s ruis kz;zpy;

Mz;Lg]gaph]fs; ntz;lhk;. MHkhd FHp vLj;J mjw;Fs; brk;kz; + kzy;

+ kl;fpa vUitf; fye;J ,l;L kuf;fd;Wfis elyhk;. ,Uk;g[/ kf;dPrpak;

rj;Jf;fspd; gw;whf;Fiw Vw;gLk;. ,ij jtph]g]gjw;F xU fpuhk; Ez;q}l]lr]rj;J

fyitia xU ypl;lh] jz;zPhpy; fye;J k";rs; epwk; khWk; tiu 15 ehl;fs;

,ilbtspapy; bjspf;ft[k;.

bts;nty;/ g[sp/ ntk;g[/ g[';fk;/ mfj;jp/ Nghg[y;/ fpishprpoah/ rt[f;F/ k";rs;

bfhd;iw ku';fs; ed;whf tsUk;.

cth; epy';fSf;F cfe;j gaph;fs;

Mz;Lg]gaph]fs; - Nhpafhe;jp/ uhfp/ kf;fhr]nrhsk;

kug]gaph]fs; - rt[f;F/ g[';fk;/ ,ytk;/ ntk;g[

gPl;+l;/ Rfh]gPl; - cth] ePiua[k; rfpj;Jf; bfhz;L tsUk; jpwd;

mjpfk;. Rfh]gPl;/ rh]f;fiu kw;Wk; gnah Ory;

jahhpf;f cjt[k; broahFk;.

gHkug;gaph;fs; - khJis/ rPik ,ye;ij/ bfha;ah/

bfhLf;fhg]g[sp/ thjh';bfhl;il

cth; epyj;ij jpUj;Jk; gaph;fs;

Mz;Lg]gaph]fspy; - 1. mUF – bjhlh]e;J gaphpl;lhy; cth] Fiwa[k;.

2. Nhpafhe;jp – nrhoaj;ij cwp";Rtjpy; gLRl;o ;

,jdhy; nrhoak; gk;g; vd;w bry;yg]bgaUk;

cz;L.

kyh] -33 24

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

3. jPtdg; gaph;fs; - mjpfk; nrhoak; cs;s

kz;qf;F Vw;wit. fhy;eilfSf;F nrhoak;

xU ,d;wpaikahj Cl;lr;rj;J vd;gjhy;

jPtdg] gaph]fis nrhoak; kz;zpy; gaphpLtJ

rpwe;jJ MFk;.

kug]gaph]fspy; - bfhLf;fhg;g[sp/ kiyg;g{tuR/ Nghg[y;/

rPikf;fUnty;/ g[';fk;/ ntk;g[

fsh; epyj;jpYk; tsUk; gaph]fs; (fshpy; tsUk; gaph]fs; twl;rpiaa[k; jh';Fk;)

Mz;Lg]gaph]fspy; - gUj;jp/ nfH;tuF/ Nhpafhe;jp/ fj;jhp

kug]gaph]fspy; - rPikf;fUnty;/ fUnty;/ Nghg[y;/ ntk;g[/ thif/

rpR/ ,Yg;ig

gHkug;gaph]fspy; - bgUbey;yp/ khJis

fsh; kz;iza[k; jpUj;Jk; gaph;fs;

1. Nhpafhe;jp - nrhoaj;ij cwp";rp vLf;Fk; (gp.vr;.9.0 tiu

tsUk;)

2. jf;ifg;g{z;L - fsiuj; jpUj;Jk; + epyj;ij tsg;gLj;Jk;

(gp.vr].9.3 tiu tsUk;)

3. rPikf;fUnty; - fsiuj; jpUj;jp fHdpahf;Fk; (gp.vr].10.0 tiu

tsUk;)

vy;yh epy';fspYk; / gytif NH;epiyfspYk; tsUk; gaph;fs;

kw;Wk; ku';fs;

jhdpag]gaph]fspy; - Fjpiuthyp/ uhfp

kug]gaph]fspy; - ntk;g[/ g[';fk;/ thif

gHkug]gaph]fspy; - bgUbey;yp/ rPjh/ rPik ,ye;ij/ bfhLf;fhg;g[sp

twl;rpapYk; tsk; fhz (tUkhdk; bgw)

m. khdhthhpapy; gaphpl - mt[hp/ epj;jpa fy;ahzp/ kuts;sp

M. bjhlh]e;J mWtil

bra;jpl - fwpntg;gpiy/ mdl;nlh/ uapy; fw;whiH/

nrhw;Wf;fw;whiH/ ghknuhrh thridg;g[y;

,. gHkug]gaph]fspy;

1. Fiwthd kz; fz;lk; - KU';if/ bgUbey;yp/ rPjh/ rPik ,ye;ij

2. MHkhd kz; fz;lk; - ehty;/ g[sp/ rg;nghl;lh/ kh

kyh] -33 25

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

tsk; Fiwe;j kz;qf;nfhh; tug]gpurhjk;

gy;ntW NH;epiyfspYk;/ gy;ntW gad;fisa[k; jUk; bgUbey;yp MHk;

Fiwthd kz;zpYk; tsUk;. rj;jw;w ruisapYk; Tl fhaf;Fk.; twl;rpapYk;

jhf;Fg;gpof;Fk;. nfhilapy; ,iyfis cjph]f;Fk;. cth; - fsiua[k;/ fly;

ePust[ cg;iga[k; Tl jh';fp tsh]e;jpLk;. fhu kz;zpy; kl;Lky;y/ mkpy

kz;zpYk; tsUk;. Rz;zhk;g[ fw;fs; epiwe;j epyj;jpw;F rhf;fpah vd;w ,ufk;

cfe;jJ. fly; kl;lj;jpypUe;J 1800 kPl;lh] tiu caukhd ,l';fspYk; bey;yp

gaphplyhk;. tPl;Lj; njhl;lj;Jf;Fk; Vw;wJ. el;l \d;W Mz;LfSf;Fg] gpwF

fha;f;fj; Jt';Fk;. xl;Lr] brofs; elntz;Lk;.

bey;ypf;fhapd; jdpg;gz:g[

bey;ypf;fhia vg;go gf;Ftg;gLj;jpdhYk;/ (mjpfkhf NLgLj;jpdhYk;/

btapypy; fha itj;jhYk;) ,jDila itl;lkpd; ‘rp' rj;J mHptjpy;iy.

itl;lkpd; ‘rp' rj;J ek;Kila caph; rj;Jf;fis mjpfg;gLj;JtjpYk;/

ghJfhg]gjpYk; Kf;fpa g';F tFf;fpwJ. jpdk; xU bey;ypf;fhia xU khjk;

tiu rhg;gpl;L te;jhy; ,uj;jj;jpy; QPnkhFnshgpd; mst[ mjpfkhtijf;

fhzyhk;. bey;ypf;fdpapy; cs;s lhdpd; rj;J ftrkhf epd;W ghJfhf;fpwJ.

ntW ve;jf; fdpf;Fk; itl;lkpd; ‘rp'rj;ij ,t;tst[ ghJfhf;Fk; gz;gpy;iy.

fhu mkpyj;jd;ik

kz;zpy; iQl;u$d; madpfs; mjpfhpf;Fk;bghGJ kz; mkpyj;jd;ik

milfpwJ. ,e;j madpfs; kpff;Fiwthf ,Ue;jhy; fhuj;jd;ik milfpwJ.

kz;zpy; fhu mkpyj; jd;ik 5.5f;F fPnH ,Ue;jhy; mkpy kz;bzd;Wk; 8.5f;F

nkny ,Ue;jhy; fhu kz;bzd;Wk;/ mwpayhk;. ,jw;fpilg;gl;l mstPLfs;

(5.5ypUe;J 8.5 tiu) gaph] tsh]r]rpf;F cfe;jjhFk;.

kz;zpd; fhu- mkpyepiyf;nfw;w gaph;fs;

5.0f;F fPH; - njapiy/ jh]g{rzp

5.0 – 5.6 - g[ifapiy/ cUisf;fpH';F

5.0 – 7.0 - fliy/ Jtiu/ jl;ilg]gaW

5.5 – 6.0 - rh]f;fiu ts;spf;fpH';F

5.5 – 7.00 - jf;fhsp/ kpsfha;/ fj;jhp/ btz;il/ jpiz

5.5 – 6.0 - rh]f;fiu ts;spf; fpH';F

5.5 – 7.5 - bjd;id/ thiH/ k";rs;/ nrhah bkhr]ir

6.0 – 8.0 - kf;fhr]nrhsk;/ fUk;g[/ bt';fhak;/ vYkpr]ir/ cSe;J/

ghrpg]gaW/ bkhr]ir

6.0 – 8.5 - Nhpafhe;jp/ nfH;tuF/ jf;ifg; g{z;L

8.5f;F nky; - gid/


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

gUj;jpapy; bgUfptUk; kf;dPrpa rj;J FiwghL

Kidth] jP. b$fjP!;thp/ Kidth] g[. gukrptk;

kw;Wk; Kidth] u. Jiurp';

ntshz:ik mwptpay; epiyak;

mUg]g[f;nfhl;il - 626 107

bjhiyngrp vz; : 04566-220562

khdhthhp gaph]fspy; gUj;jp kpf Kf;fpakhf gaphplg]gLk; gzg]gapuhFk;.

Fwpg]ghf jkpHfj;jpd; bjd; khtl;l';fspy; mjhtJ/ tpUJefh]/ Jhj;Jf;Fo/

kJiu/ ,uhkehjg[uk; nghd;w khtl;l';fspy; mjpf mstpy; gaph] bra;ag]gl;L

tUfpwJ. rpy ,l';fspy; ,witg; gapuhft[k; bgUk;ghYk; khdhthhpahft[k;

gaph] bra;ag]gLfpwJ. bghJthf gaph] rhFgoapy; cu eph]thfk; vd;gJ kpf

Kf;fpa xd;whFk;. ,e;j cu eph]thfk; 25 Kjy; 50 rjk; tiu kfNy;

cw;gj;jpia eph]zak; bra;fpwJ.

bghJthf midj;J gaph]fSf;Fk; jiH/ kzp/ rhk;gy; rj;Jf;fs; mjpf

mstpy; njitg;gLk;. ,tw;wpw;F mLj;jgoahf xt;bthU gaphpd; tsh]r]rp

epiy kw;Wk; epy tsj;ijg; bghWj;J ,uz;lhk; epiy kw;Wk; Ez;q}l;lr]

rj;Jf;fs; njitapy; Kf;fpa g';F tfpf;fpd;wd. cjhuzkhf bey;

tsh]r]rpf;F Jj;jehf rj;J ,d;wpaikahj njitahff; fUjg]gLfpwJ. mJ

nghd;W gUj;jp gapiu vLj;Jf; bfhz;lhy; kf;dPrpak; kpf Kf;fpakhd

,uz;lhk; epiy ng+l;lr] rj;jhFk;.

bghJthd cug; ghpe;Jiu

,witapy; rhjhuz ,uf';fSf;F jiH/ kzp kw;Wk; rhk;gy; rj;Jf;fs;

Vf;fUf;F Kiwna 15:15:15 fpnyh vd;w mstpy; (mjhtJ 32 fpnyh a{hpah/

94 fpnyh Ng;gh] gh!;ngl] kw;Wk; 25 fpnyh bghl;lh#;) fye;J moa[ukhf ,l

ntz;Lk;. nkYk; 15 fpnyh jiHr]rj;J cuj;ij (32 fpnyh a{hpah) ,uz;lhfg]

gphpj;J rg]ig kw;Wk; g{f;Fk; gUt';fspy; nkYukhf ,l ntz;Lk;.

khdhthhp ,uf';fSf;F Vf;fUf;F 8:8:8 fpnyh vd;w mstpy; jiH/

kzp/ rhk;gy; rj;J cu';fis (mjhtJ 17 fpnyh a{hpah/ 50 fpnyh Ng;gh]

gh!;ngl; kw;Wk; 13 fpnyh bghl;lh#;) moa[ukhf ,l ntz;Lk;. ,J jtpu 8

fpnyh jiHr]rj;ij (17 fpnyh a{hpah) ,uz;lhfg] gphpj;J rg]ig kw;Wk; g{f;Fk;

gUtj;jpy; nky; kiHia mDrhpj;J nkYukhf ,l ntz;Lk;.

,witapy; tPhpa xl;L ,ufj;jpw;F jiH/ kzp kw;Wk; rhk;gy; rj;Jf;fs;

xU Vf;fUf;F Kiwna 30:30:30 (mjhtJ 65 fpnyh a{hpah/ 185 fpnyh Ng;gh]

gh!;ngl; kw;Wk; 50 fpnyh bghl;lh#;) vd;w mstpy; moa[ukhf ,l ntz;Lk;.

nkYk; 30 fpnyh jiHr]rj;J cuj;ij ,uz;lhfg; gphpj;J tpijj;j 45 kw;Wk;

60tJ ehl;fspy; nkYukhf ,lyhk;.

kyh] -33 27

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

kf;dPrpak; rj;J bray;ghLfs; kw;Wk; gaphpy; mirt[

,iyapy; cs;s gr]iraj;jpy; kf;dPrpak; xU m';fkhf cs;sjhy;

kf;dPrpak; mst[ Fiwa[k; nghJ gr]ira cw;gj;jp FiwfpwJ. gy;ntW caph]

ntjpa khw;w';fspy; Cf;Ftpf;Fk; fUtpahf bray;gLfpwJ. bfhGg]g[ rj;J

cw;gj;jpahtjpYk;/ kht[ bghUl;fs; khw;wk; bgWtjpYk; Kf;fpa g';F

tfpf;fpwJ. Nhpa xspia ,iyfs; xspr] nrh]f;ifapy; gad;gLj;Jk; nghJ

kf;dPrpa \yf;TW mj;jpahtrpkhfpwJ. gy;ntW behjpfspy; m';fk; tfpj;J

tPhpaj;ij fl;LtJk; kf;dPrpaj;jpd; gzpfshFk;. iunghnrhk; Jizg;

gFjpfs; xd;W nru ,r]rj;J njit. rhk;gy; rj;Jk; Rz;zhk;g[ rj;Jk; rhpahd

mstpy; gad;gl cjt[fpwJ.

kf;dPrpa Fiwghl;od; mwpFwpfs;

kf;dPrpa rj;jpd; Fiwghl;odhy; ,iyfs; mHfhd F';Fk rptg]g[ epwkhf

khwptpLk;. Kjypy; ,iyfspd; Xu';fspy; ,e;epwk; njhd;wp gpd;g[ ,iy

KGtJkhf mlh] F';Fk rptg]g[ epwkhf khwptpLk;. Kjypy; Edp ,iyfspy;

,f;FiwghL bjd;gLk;. gpd;g[ midj;J ,iyfSf;Fk; gutp bro KGtJk;

gr]ir epw ,iyfSf;Fg; gjpyhf g[Jtpj epwkhd mlh] F';Fk rptg;g[ epwj;Jld;

njhw;wkspf;Fk;. ,f;FiwghL jw;bghGJ gutyhf midj;J tay;fspYk;

bjd;gl;L tptrhapfspd; ftdj;ij


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

� kz;zpy; kf;dPrpa rj;jpd; msit tptrhapfs; mUfpYs;s ntshz;

mwptpay; epiyaj;jpy; cs;s kz; kw;Wk; jz;zPh] ghpnrhjid

Ma;tfj;jpy; bfhLj;J kz; ghpnrhjid bra;J mjd;go cu eph]thfk; bra;a

ntz;Lk;.

� bjhlh]r]rpahf ,f;FiwghL Vw;gLk; epy';fspy; moa[ukhf kf;dPrpa ry;ngl;

10 fpnyh xU vf;lUf;F ,l ntz;Lk;.

� fha; gpof;Fk; jUzj;jpy; jiHr]rj;J nkYuk; ,l ntz;Lk;.

� fha; gpof;Fk; gUtk; bfh";rk; Kd; Tl;o tUk;go (Fsph] gUtj;jpw;F)

tpijg;g[ bra;a ntz;Lk;. fha; gpof;Fk; gUtk; khdhthhpahf ,Ue;jhy;/

twl;rpia jtph]f;f xd;W (my;yJ) ,uz;L kiH te;j gpwF tpijf;f

ntz;Lk;. ,witg; gaph] vdpy; ePh]ghrdk; bra;a ntz;Lk;.

tay;fspy; bjd;gLk; kf;dPrpa rj;J FiwghL epth;j;jp Kiw

Fwpg]ghf fha; gpof;f Muk;gpf;Fk; gUtj;jpy;/ ,iyfspy; ,f;FiwghL nyrhf

bjd;gl;l clnd/ kf;dPrpa ry;ngl; cuj;ij 0.5 rj fiuryhf ,iy tHpahf

bjspf;f ntz;Lk;. bjspj;J gpd; kPz;Lk; 15 ehl;fs; fHpj;J 2tJ Kiw bjspf;f

ntz;Lk;. FiwghL mjpfkhf fhzg;gl;lhy; \d;W Kiw bjspf;fyhk;.

fiury; jahhpj;jy;

50 fpuhk; kf;dPrpa ry;ngl; cuj;ij 10 ypl;lh] jz;zPUld; (xU nl';Ff;F) fye;J

ed;F fiuj;J if bjspg]ghd; \yk; bjspf;f ntz;Lk;. xU Vf;fUf;F Fiwe;jJ

10 nl';f; njitg;gLk;. mjhtJ 500 fpuhk; (m) miu fpnyh kf;dPrpa ry;ngl; xU

jlit bjspg;gjw;F njitg;gLk;. ,uz;L Kiw bjspf;f 1 fpnyh njitg;gLk;.

kf;dPrpa FiwghL gw;wpa tptrhapfspd; fUj;J fz;nzhl;lk;

� bghJthf tptrhapfSf;F kf;dPrpa rj;J FiwghL gw;wp tphpthd fUj;J

,y;iy.

� xU rpyh]/ gUj;jp fha; gpoj;J btof;Fk; jUzj;jpy; ,iy mikg;g[ ,t;thW

,aw;ifahfnt khwptpLtjhf fUj;J bfhz;Ls;sdh;.

� xU rpyh]/ ,aw;ifahf kw;w brofs; fha;j;J Xa;e;j gpd; ,iy fUFtJ

nghy; ,jd; ,iya[k; fUfptpLtjhf vz;qfpd;wdh;.

� ,Jnt khdhthhp gaph] vdpy;/ tptrhapfs; jz;zPh] gw;whf;Fiwahy;

fUFtjhf epidf;fpd;wdh;.

� ,witg] gaph] vdpy; jiHr]rj;J FiwghL fhuzkhf Vw;glyhk; vd rpyh]

Twpdh].

� cz;ikapy; gUj;jpapy; F';Fk rptg]g[ ,iy/ kf;dPrpa rj;J FiwghL

fhuzkhf tUfpwJ vd;gJ cHth]fs; ; mwpahj xd;whf ,Ue;J tUfpwJ.

��������

kyh] -33 29

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

Cl;lnkw;wpa bjhG cuj;jpd; rpwg]gk;r';fs;

Kidth] nrh.Mt[ilj;jha;/

Kidth] r.gd;dPh]bry;tk; kw;Wk; Kidth; rh.b$guh$;

md;gpy; jh]kyp';fk; ntshz;ikf; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Muha;r]rp epiyak;

jpUr]rpuhg]gs;sp - 620 009

bjhiyngrp vz: : 0431-2690577

m';ff ntshz;ik jw;rkak; mjpf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; bgw;W tUfpwJ.

tptrhaj;jpy; mjpf tpisr]ry; bgw Kf;fpakhd fhuzpahf kz; tsg;

guhkhpg]g[ tps';FfpwJ. kz;zpy; cs;s rj;Jf;fspy; kzpr]rj;J gaphpd; nth]

tsh]r]rpf;F ,d;wpaikahjJ.

kz;zpy; fhzg]gLk; jiHr]rj;J gapUf;F clnd fpilf;Fk; epiyapy;

,y;iy. ,jid Cl;lnkw;wpa bjhG cuk; \yk; gapUf;F clnd fpilf;Fk;

epiyf;F khw;wyhk;.

Cl;lnkw;wpa bjhG cuk; jahhpf;Fk; Kiw

ed;F kl;fpa bjhG cuk; 750 fpnyht[ld; xU vf;lUf;F Fwpg]gpl;l

gapUf;F ghpe;Jiuf;fg]gl;l kzpr]rj;ij/ xd;whf ed;F fye;J/ Ftpayhf;fp/

mjid


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

� kz;zpy; kzpr]rj;J epiyepWj;jg]gLtJ jLf;fg]gLtjhy;/ kzpr]rj;J

gad;ghl;Lj;jpwd; mjpfkhfpwJ.

� kzpr]rj;J gapUf;F ed;F fpilg]gjhy; kfNy; mjpfhpf;fpwJ.

khdhthhp gaph]fSf;F Cl;lnkw;wpa bjhG cuk;

1. nrhsk;

ghpe;Jiuf;fg]gl;l 125 fpnyh Ng]gh] gh!;ngl; cuj;ij/ 750 fpnyh ed;F

kl;fpa bjhG cuj;Jld; fye;J/ Cl;lnkw;wpa bjhG cuk; jahhpf;f

ntz;Lk;.

2. epyf;fliy

xU vf;lUf;F rpghhpR bra;ag]gLk; 62.5 fpnyh Ng]gh] gh!;ngl; cuj;ij

750 fpnyh ed;F kl;fpa bjhG cuj;Jld; fye;J Cl;lnkw;wpa bjhG cuk;

jahhpf;fyhk;.

3. vs;

xU vf;lUf;F ghpe;Jiuf;fg]gl;l 81.25 fpnyh Ng]gh] gh!;ngl; cuj;ij/

750 fpnyh ed;F kl;fpa bjhG cuj;Jld; fye;J Cl;lnkw;wpa bjhGcuk;

jahhpf;fyhk;.

4. Nhpafhe;jp

xU vf;lUf;F rpghhpR bra;ag]gLk; 125 fpnyh Ng]gh] gh!;ngl; cuj;ij

750 fpnyh ed;F kl;fpa bjhG cuj;Jld; fye;J Cl;lnkw;wpa bjhG cuk;

jahhpf;f ntz;Lk;.

,nj Kiwapy; vy;yh gaph]fSf;Fk; jahhpj;J gad;gLj;jyhk;.

Cl;lnkw;wpa bjhG cuj;jpy; cs;s m';ff mkpy';fs; kzpr]rj;ij

Rw;wpYk; xU tisak; nghy; NH;e;J bfhs;tjhy;/ kzpr]rj;J kz;zpy;

epiyepWj;jg]gLtJ jLf;fg]gLfpwJ.

Cl;lnkw;wpa bjhGcuk; kz;zpd; bgsjPf gz;g[fis nkk;gLj;JfpwJ.

kz;zpd; ePh] njf;F jpwd; mjpfkhfpwJ. kz;zpy; Ez;qaphpfspd;

vz;zpf;if mjpfhpf;fpwJ. ,jdhy; kz;zpy; cs;s kw;w rj;Jf;fSk;

gapUf;F ed;F fpilj;J gaph] tpisr]riy mjpfhpf;fpwJ.

��������

kyh] -33 31

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

gHdp kiyg;gFjpapy; nfhilapy; Vyr;brofis

ghJfhf;Fk; Kiwfs;

Kidth; Mh;. kzp kw;Wk; v!;. nkhfd;

fhe;jPa rpe;jid kw;Wk; mikjpapay; Jiw

fhe;jpfpuhkpa gy;fiyf; fHfk;

fhe;jpfpuhkk; - 624 302

eWkzg;gaph]fspd; uhzp vd;wiHf;fg;gLk; Vyk; ,e;jpa mstpy;

nfushtpy; mjpfkhf rhFgo bra;ag;gLfpwJ. ,uz;lhtjhf

fh]ehlfj;jpYk;/ \d;whtjhf jkpH;ehl;oYk; rhFgo bra;ag;gLfpwJ. ,J

xU ePz;l fhyg;gapuhFk;. nkw;Fj;bjhlh]r]rp kiyg]gFjpapd; xU gFjpahd

gHdp kiyg;gFjpfspy; Rkhh] 600 Vf;fh] epyg;gug;gpy;/ fly; kl;lj;jpw;F nky;

Rkhh] 600 kPl;lh] Kjy; 1000 kPl;lh] tiuapyhd gFjpfspy;/ 10 0 brd;ofpnuL

Kjy; 35 0 brd;ofpnuL tiu cs;s jl;gbtg]g epiyapy; gaph] bra;ag;gLfpwJ.

gHdp kiyia bghWj;jst[ kiHia kl;Lnk vjph]ghh]j;J Vyk; rhFgo

bra;ag;gLfpwJ. ,';F Mz;Lf;F ruhrhpahf 1400 kp.kP. Kjy; 1800 kp.kP. tiu

kiH fpilj;J tUfpwJ. ,e;j gUtkiHahdJ nghJkhd mst[ fpilf;fhj

nghJ mjd; tsh]r]rp kw;Wk; cw;gj;jp kpft[k; ghjpf;fg]gLk;.$dthp Kjy;

Vg;uy; tiuapyhd fhyj;jpy; Vyj;jpy; FUj;Jfs; tuj;Jt';Fk;. ,e;j

fhy';fspy; kz;zpy; nghJkhd


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

2. rUfpLjy;

� Vyr;brofisr; Rw;wp fhae;j ,iyfs; kw;Wk; fisfs; bfhz;L

rUfplntz;Lk;. ,t;thW rUfpLtjd; \ykhf kz;zpd;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

thiHapy; btw;wpiy ts;spf; fpH';F rhFgo

bra;jy; - vdJ mDgtk;

$p.Vfhk]guk]

tptrhap/ rpd;d Kl;Lf;Th] fpuhkk]/ nky;khapy; m";ry;/

fhl;gho jhYf;fh/ ntY}h; - 632 203

ehd; thiHia gy Mz;Lfshf bjhlh]e;J gaph] bra;J tUk] tptrhap.

thiHapy; Fwpg]ghf vl]lo gr]ir cs;~h] ,ufj;ij (buhg!;lh) gpujhdkhf

gaph] bra;J tUfpnwd;. ,e;j thiHia khh]fHp - ij khj';fspy; (ork]gh] -

$dthp) elt[ bra;ntd;. thiHapy; CL gapuhf cSe;J/ bfhj;Jky;yp/

btz;il/ fj;jhp/ jf;fhsp/ rpd;d bt';fhak;/ kf;fhr]nrhsk; nghd;w

gaph]fspy; VnjDk; XhpU gaph]fis rhFgo bra;J/ Kjy; 3 khj';fspy;

mWtil Koj;J mjpy; Kjy; xU tUkhdk; vLg;ngd;. mLj;jjhf ehd;

thiHia el;l 4-k; khj Muk;gj;jpy; g';Fdp - rpj;jpiuapy; (Vg;uy; - nk)

mnj thiHapy; ,uz;lhk; fl;l CL gapuhf btw;wpiy ts;spf; fpH';if

rhFgo bra;ntd;. ,t;thwhf rhFgo bra;a[k; vdJ mDgtj;ij tptrha

bgUkf;fsplk; bjhptpg]gjpy; kpft[k; kfpH;r]rpailfpnwd;.

thiHf;F vLf;fg]gl;l FHpapd; gug]gpw;Fs; xt;bthU thiHr] broapd;

moapYk; kuj;jpw;F rw;W js;sp (Rkhh] ¾ mo js;sp) xU btw;wpiy ts;spf;

fpH';ifa[k; el;LtpLntd;. ,t;thW midj;J ku';fspd; moapYk; eLntd;.

,e;jf; fpH';fpy; ,Ue;J jsph]tpl;L bfhofs; btF ntfkhf tsUk;. thiHiar]

Rw;wp gpize;J thiHapd; tsh]r;rpiag] nghynt ,J thiHia Cd;Wnfhy;

nghy; gw;wpf; bfhz;L glUk;. elt[ bra;j btw;wpiy ts;spf; fpH';fpid 7-9

khj';fspy; ehk] btl;o vLf;fyhk;. mg;nghJ taypy; thiHj; jhh]fSk;

mWtil bra;J Kof;fg]gl;oUf;Fk].

mWtil bra;j fpH';fpd; vil 2 fpnyh Kjy; 4 fpnyh tiuapYk] ,Uf;Fk].

gw;wpg] glUk; bfhotif gapuhd ,J xU btg]g kz;lyf; fha;fwp gaph]fspy;

xd;whFk]. ,f;fpH';fpy; rpwg]ghf g[ujr]rj;Jk;/ kht[r; rj;Jk; epiwe;J

fhzg]gLfpd;wd. fha;fwpahf gad;gLj;JtJld; ntfitj;Jk; cz;zyhk;.

thiHapy; ,g]gapiu CLgapuhf bra;tjhy; xU Vf;fUf;F +.15/000/- tiuapy;

TLjy; ,yhgk;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

kz; fye;j epy';fspy; ed;F tsUk;. fspkz; epy';fspy; ,jid gaph] bra;tjhy]

gyd; ,y;iy. mjpf btg]gKila ntY}h] nghd;w khtl;l';fspy; Rkhh] 25-

30°brd;ofpnul; tiuapYk;/ fly] kl;l cauk; 900 kPl;lh] tiuapyhd gFjpfspYk;/

kz;zpd; fhu mkpyepiy 6.5 ypUe;J 7.5 tiu cs;s gFjpfspYk; fpH';fpd; vil

ed;F ,Uf;Fk; vd jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk; bjhptpf;fpd;wJ.

mWtil

fpH';F Kw;wpa broapd; ,iyfs; k";rshf khwp fha;e;JtpLk;. ,e;j

mwpFwpia itj;nj fpH';F Kw;wptpl;lJ vd mwpe;J bfhs;syhk;. ,r]broapd;

fpisfspy; Tl rpW rpW mstpy; nfhyp tot fpH';Ffs;/ rpwpaJk;/ bghpaJkhf

fha;f;Fk;. ,jida[k; ehk; gad;gLj;jyhk;. Kw;wpaepiy mwpFwp bjd;gl;lJk;

ehk; tpUk;g[k;nghJk; kw;Wk; TLjyhf epyj;jpnyna xU khjk; Tl tpl;L

gpd;dUk; njhz;o vLf;fyhk;. g{kpf;foapy; cs;s fpH';fpid ghjpf;fhky;

njhz;o vLj;J Rj;jk; bra;a ntz;Lk;. fpH';fpid xl;oa nth]fs; kw;Wk;

kz;iz mfw;wp rpwpJ cyu itj;J gpd;dh] miwapy; itj;J Rkhh] 6 khj';fs;

tiuapYk; Tl nrkpj;J gad;gLj;jyhk;.

gaph] bryt[fs;

xU Vf;fhpy; 1000 fpH';Ffs; elyhk;. Rkhh; 100 Kjy; 150 fpnyh tpijf; fpH';F

,jw;F nghJkhdJ. ,jd; tpiy njhuhakhf +.1000/- Kjy; +.1500/- tiu gpof;Fk;.

tUkhdk;

xU Vf;fhpy; Rkhh] 2000-4000 fpnyh fpH';fpid ,k;Kiwapy; mWtil

bra;ayhk;. ,f;fpH';F khh]f;bfl;oy; xU fpnyh +.10/-f;F tpiy nghfpwJ. 2000

fpnyh Fiwe;j gl;r kfNy; vd;whYk; elt[ fpH';fpd; tpiy/ khh]f;bfl; mDg]g[k;

bryt[/ ,ju bryt[fshf bkhj;jk; +.5/000/- MFk;. epfukhf +.15/000/- ,g]gaphpy;

vLf;fKoa[k;.

ed;ikfs;

,g;gaph] bra;tjhy; thiHapy; juk; vt;tpjj;jpYk; ghjpf;fg]gltpy;iy. ,jpy;

cs;s g{r]rpnah/ nehnah/ thiHf;F tUtjpy;iy. thiH el;l 8-k; khjj;jpy;

Fiy js;Sk; ehs; Kjy; mWtil ehs; tiuapYk;/ btapYf;F ehk;

Filgpog]gJ nghy; thiHj; jhh]fspd; nky; neuoahfg]gLk; Nhpa btg]gj;ijj;

jLj;J Fsph]r]rpahf itj;Js;sjhy; thiHj; jhhpy; cs;s fha;fs;/ gp";R Kjy;

ey;y gRikahft[k;/ Kw;wpaepiyapYk; xUtpj btsph] gGg]g[ epwj;jpy; fhz;gjw;F

kpft[k; fth]r]rpahft[k;/ mHfhft[k; cs;sJ. ,jdhy; thiHj;jhhpd; juKk;

kjpg]g[k; TLfpwJ. epyj;jpy; fisfs; fl;Lg]gLj;jg]gLfpd;wd. kz;zpy;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

tzpf uPjpapy; fhshd; rhFgo

khhP!;thp/ ng./ ,uh.mKjh kw;Wk; ,uh.Jiu rp';

kz;ly Muha;r;rp epiyak;

mUg]g[f;nfhl;il - 626 107

bjhiyngrp vz: : 04566-220562

khdhthhp gFjpapy; bgUk;ghYk; gUt kiHia ek;gp gaph;fs;

gaphplg;gLfpd;wd. jw;rkak; tlfpHf;Fg] gUtkiH jtwp Fiwthfg;

bghHptjhy; tpisr]ry; KGikahff; fpilg]gjpy;iy. ,e;j epiyaw;w

jd;ikahy; ,g;gFjp tptrhapfs; rpwg;ghd TLjy; kw;Wk; epue;ju tUkhdk;

bgw fhshd;; rhFgoia nkw;bfhs;syhk;. fhshd;fs;/ ,iyfs;/ bkhl;Lfs;

kw;Wk; g{f;fspd;wp njhd;wf;Toa xU mhpa czt[g; bghUshft[k;/

kUe;jhft[k; gad;gLfpwJ. fle;j rpy tUl';fshf fhshd; rhFgoapy;

jkpH;ehL xU g[ul;rpia Vw;gLj;jpa[s;sJ.

fhshd;fs; jhtu tifiar; rhh]e;j rj;Jkpf;f Ritkpf;f xU czt[g;

bghUshFk;. jkpH;ehl;oy; nfh.1/ 2/ Cl;o 1/ Vw;fhL 1/ vk;.o.a{ 1/ f.2 / vk;. 2

Mfpa rpg]gpf;fhshd;fs; tsh]f;fg]gl;L tUfpd;wd. ,e;j tifapy;/ rpg;gpf;

fhshdpy; Vgpnf 1 vd;w ,ufKk;/ ghy; fhshdpy; Vgpnf 2 vd;w ,ufKk;

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfj;ijr] nrh]e;j mUg]g[f;

nfhl;ilapYs;s kz;ly Muha;r]rp epiyaj;jpy; 1995-k; Mz;L

fz;Lgpof;fg]gl;L btspaplg;gl;Ls;sJ.

Vgpnf 1 rpg;gp fhshd;

fhshd; tpj;J jahhpf;Fk; Kiw

fhshd; g{rzk; bghJthf nrhsk;/ kf;fhr]nrhsk;/ bey;/ ckp/ nfhJik

kw;Wk; rpW jhdpa';fs; nghd;wtw;wpy; cw;gj;jp bra;ag;gl;L fhshd; tpj;jhf

cgnahfpf;fg;gLfpd;wd. Rj;jkhf;fg;gl;l jhdpa';fis miuntf;fhlhf

ntfitf;f ntz;Lk;. gpd;dh] epHypy; rpwpJ neuk; cyu itf;f ntz;Lk;.

gpwF fhy;rpak; fhh;gndl; xU fpnyhtpw;F 20 fpuhk; tPjk; ed;F fyf;f

ntz;Lk;. gpd;dh] Rj;jk; bra;ag;gl;l 500 kp.yp. fhyp FSf;nfh!; g[l;ofspy;

Rkhh; 250-300 fpuhk;/g[l;o vd;w mst[f;F epug;g ntz;Lk;. FSf;nfh!;

ghl;oYf;F gjpyhf ghypg[nuhg;gypd; igfspYk; (5 x11) fhshd; tpj;J jahh]

bra;ayhk;. gpd; g[l;oapd; tha; gFjpahf gptprp FHha; Jz;Lfis itj;Jf;

bfhs;syhk;. gpwF ePh] cwp";rhj g";rhy; g[l;oapd; fGj;Jg]ghfj;ij ed;F

fhw;W g[fh tz;zk; ,Wf;fkhf \l ntz;Lk;. mjd; gpd;dh] Ml;nlhfpnstpy;

itj;J 15 gt[z;L mGj;jj;jpy; 2 kzpneuk; itj;J bjhw;W ePf;fk; bra;a

ntz;Lk;. Ml;nlhfpnstpw;F gjpyhf gpurh]Ff;fiua[k; cgnahfg]gLj;jyhk;.

fhshd; tpij khw;Wk; miw

tpij khw;Wk; miw Fiwe;jgl;rk; 9 x 7 mo ePs/ mfyKilajhf

,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. njitg;gl;lhy; ek; trjpf;nfw;g miwapd; ePs mfyj;jpid

kyh] -33 36

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

mjpfhpj;Jf; bfhs;syhk;. Mdhy; rpwpa miwahf ,Ue;jhy; Rj;jkhf

guhkhpg;gjw;F vspjhFk;. tpij khw;Wk; miw vg;bghGJk; kpft[k;

Rj;jkhdjhf ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. mjpy; g[w Cjhf;fjph; tpsf;F

bghUj;jg;gl;oUf;f ntz;Lk;. nkYk; ,t;tiwapy; bra;nki$apd; nkw;gFjp

tGtGg;g[ld; ,Ue;jhy; Rj;jk; bra;tjw;F vspjhf ,Uf;Fk;. ,e;j bra;

nki$apy; tpj;J khw;Wk; Kd; fpUkp ehrpdp bfhz;L Rj;jk; bra;a ntz;Lk;.

,t;tiwf;F fjt[ kl;Lnk ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. $d;dy; ,Uf;ff; TlhJ. tpij

khw;Wk; miwf;Fs; g[w Cjhf;fjph; tpsf;F vhpa[k; nghJ bry;yf; TlhJ.

,t;tiwapd; fjtpy; fz;zho bghUj;jg;gl;oUe;jhy; ,ij ftdpf;f

trjpahf ,Uf;Fk;. ,e;j miwapDs; tpij khw;Wk;nghJ xUtUld; xUth]

ngRtij fz;og;ghfj; jtph]g]gJ ey;yJ.

Ml;nlhfpnstpd; btg;g epiyia jhdhfnt Fiwa[k;go bra;J/ tpij

khw;Wk; miwapDs; itj;J Rkhh; 30 epkplk; g[wCjhf;fjph] tpsf;if vhpa

tpl ntz;Lk;. gpwF/ g[w Cjhf;fjph] tpsf;if mizj;j gpd; rw;W neuk;

fHpj;J miwapDs; brd;W jP $%thiyapd; Kd;dhy; xU njf;fuz;o mst[

(Rkhh] 8 fpuhk;) fhshd; jha; tpj;ij vLj;J bjhw;W ePf;fk; bra;ag]gl;l

FSf;nfh!; g[l;oapd; cs;ns ,l ntz;Lk;. gpd;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

jpdKk; 5 fpnyh fhshd; cw;gj;jp bra;a njitg;gLk; fhshd; tpj;J

gut[k; miw kw;Wk; tsh;g;g[ miwfspd; khjphp mst[

cw;gj;jp jpwd;

(ehs;

xd;Wf;F)

fhshd; tpj;J

gut[k; miw

fhshd;

tsh]g]g[ miw

jpdKk; jahh]

bra;a ntz;oa

gLf;iffs;

mLf;Ffs;

5 fpnyh 14 x 3 kP 14 x 3 kP 20 10

fhshd; tpj;J gut[k; miw

,t;tiwapd; btg;gepiy 24 Kjy; 28 brd;ofpnul;ow;Fs; ,Uf;f

ntz;Lk;. ,t;tiwapd; $d;dy;fSf;F g{r;rpfs; g[fhj tiy

bghUj;jpapUj;jy; mtrpak;. miwf;Fs; mst[f;F mjpfkhd Nhpa xsp

g[Ftij jtph;f;f ntz;Lk;. ey;y fhw;nwhl;lk; kw;Wk; k';fpa btspr;rk;

,t;tiwf;Fs; ,Uf;FkhW jpwe;J \Lk; $d;dy; kw;Wk; fjt[fisf;

bfhz;ljhf ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;.

fhshd; njhd;Wk; miw

,t;tiwapd; jiuapy;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

g{rzk; gut[jy; kw;Wk; fhshd; njhd;Wjy;

,t;thW jahhpf;fg;gl;l cUisg; gLf;iffis tpj;J gut[k; miwapy;

mLf;Ffshf mLf;f ntz;Lk;. Rkhh; 7-10 ehl;fspy; g{rz tsh]r]rp

Kotile;J tpLk;. ,r;rkaj;jpy; Jisfs; tHpahf rpW rpW fhshd;

bkhl;Lf;fs; njhd;Wk;. mjd;gpwF gLf;ifapd; nky; jpdKk; ,UKiw

jz;zPh] bjspj;J tu ntz;oaJ mtrpak;.

ftdpf;f ntz;oa Fwpg;g[fs;

1. gLf;ifapy; mst[f;F nky; mjpfkhf jz;zPh] bjspf;ff; TlhJ.

2. fhshd; njhd;Wk; miwapd; btg;gepiy btspapy; cs;s btg;gepiyia

tpl rw;W Fiwe;nj ,Uj;jy; ntz;Lk;.

3. fhw;wpd;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

mjpfkhf ,Uf;Fk; epiyapYk; ed;F tsUk;. jkpH;ehl;oy; vy;yh

khtl;l';fspy; tUle;njhWk; ,t;tiff; fhshd;fis cw;gj;jp bra;ayhk;.

,t;tiff; fhshd;fspd; bkhj;j kfNy; 356 fpuhk; / gLf;if (fha;e;j vil

bfhz;l 250 fpuhk; itf;nfhy; ,jpy; mlf;fk;) kw;Wk; ,jd; cw;gj;jp jpwd; 143

rjtPjj;ijf; bfhz;lJ. ,t;tiff; fhshd;fs;/ g{rzk; gutp 24-28 ehl;fspy;

mWtilf;F te;JtpLk;. ,jd; bkhj;j tsh]r]rp fhyk; 45-50 ehl;fs;. bkhl;Lf;

fhshd;fis tpl ,jw;F Fiwe;j tajhFk;. ruhrhpahf/ xU fhshdpd; vil

55ypUe;J 60 fpuhk; tiuapYk;/ rpy rka';fspy; mjpf vilahf 472 fpuhk;/

bkhl;L vd;wstpYk; ,Uf;Fk;. ,f;fhshd;fis rhjhuz epiyapy; 3 my;yJ

5 ehl;fSf;Fs; czthf cgnahfg;gLj;jyhk;. ,t;tiff; fhshd;fs; cyh;

fhshdhft[k;/ gjg;gLj;jp itf;fg;gl;l czt[f; fhshdhft[k; Ng; gt[luhft[k;

kw;Wk; fhshd; CWfhahft[k; bra;tjw;F Vw;wJ.

,t;tiff; fhshd;fs; mjpf g[ujr]rj;J (32.3 rjtPjk;) bfhz;ljhf

cs;sJ. nkYk; 41.1 rjtPjk; ehh]rj;J cs;sjhf ,Uf;fpwJ. ,J filfspy;

1 fpnyhtpw;F +. 70-ypUe;J +. 80 tiu tpw;fg]gLfpwJ. Mdhy; rpg;gp kw;Wk;

bkhl;Lf; fhshd;fspd; tpiy xU fpnyhtpw;F Kiwna +. 35-ypUe;J +. 40

kw;Wk; +gha; 70-ypUe;J +. 80 tiu tpw;fg;gLfpwJ.

ehh;rj;J (41.10 rjtPjk;) kpFjpahf ,Ug;gjhy; ,t;tiff; fhshd;fs;

tapw;Wg;g[z;/ kyr;rpf;fy; kw;Wk; ,Ujaf; nfhshWfis ePf;f ty;yJ. ,jpy;

cs;s g[ujk; kw;Wk; kht[g;bghUl;fs; ed;F brhpkhdk; juf;Toa tifapy;

cs;sJ. ,t;tiff; fhshd;fisf; bfhz;L gy;ntW czt[fisj; jahh;

bra;ayhk;. Ng;/ CWfha;/ gphpahzp/ fwp/ rnkhrh/ rpg;!;/ rhd;l;tpl;r] kw;Wk;

FUkh nghd;wit bra;ayhk;. ,t;tiff; fhshd;fis rpW rpW Jz;Lfshf

eWf;fp gpurh]Ff;fh] my;yJ ,l;yp Ff;fhpy; jz;zPh] mjpfk; nrh;f;fhky; 3-5

epkpl';fs; tiu ntf itj;J mjd; gpd;dh; nkw;Twpa czt[ tiffis

bra;ayhk;. fhshid ntf itf;Fk; bghGJ/ rpW Jsp ,";rp my;yJ

Mkzf;F vz;bza; tpl;L rikj;jhy; ed;whf bte;J/ Rit TLk;.

fhshd; cw;gj;jpf;fhd bryt[ tpgu';fs;

bghUl;fs; +gha;

m. epiyahd bryt[ 10/500

M. 3 khj';fSf;fhd bjhlh;bryt[ 7/000

,. tpiy +.80/fpnyh vd;W xU ehisf;F

5 fpnyh tpw;gid \yk; 3 khjj;jpw;F 36/000


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

fhshd; gLf;if jahhpj;jy;

Rkhh; 60 x 30 br.kP. mst[s;s ghypj;jPd; igfisg] gad;gLj;jp Vgpnf 2 ghy;

fhshd; gLf;iffisj; jahhpf;f ntz;Lk;. rpW rpW Jz;Lfshf btl;o cyh]e;j

itf;nfhiy Rkhh] 4 kzp neuk; jz;zPhpy; Cw itf;f ntz;Lk;. mjpfg]goahd

jz;zPiu toj;J/ itf;nfhy; Jz;Lfspd; nky; cs;s mjpfg]goahd


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

ntz;Lk;. fhshd;fis gwpj;J jz;zPhpy; fGthky; nth; ghfj;ij btl;otpl

ntz;Lk;. bky;ypa ghypj;jPd; igfspy; fhw;nwhl;lj;jpw;fhfj; Jthu';fs;

nghl;Lf;bfhs;s ntz;Lk;. fhshd;fis ,g;igfspy; epug;gp


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

kz;g[G cuj; bjhHpy;El;gk; kw;Wk; gz;izf;

fHptpy; ,Ue;J kl;fpa cuk; jahhpf;Fk;

bjhHpy;El;g';fs;

Kidth; g. Rg;gpukzpad;

Rw;Wr;NHy; mwptpay; Jiw

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h; - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz: : 0422-6611252

m';ff ntshz;ik Kiwapy; ,aw;if cu';fs; Kf;fpa g';F

tfpf;fpd;wd. m';ff ntshz;ik Kiwapy; gaph;fSf;F ntz;oa rj;Jf;fs;

midj;Jk; ,aw;if tHpapy; te;j rj;Jf;fshfj; jhd; mspf;fg;gLfpd;wd.

braw;if cu';fs; mspf;fg;gLtjpy;iy.,e;j NH;epiyapy; ,aw;ifapnyna

fpilf;ff;Toa rj;Jg; bghUl;fs; v';fpUe;J tUfpd;wd vd;W ghh;j;jhy;/ mit

kl;ff;Toa jplf;fHpt[fspy; ,Ue;J jhd; tUfpd;wd. kl;ff;Toa jplf;fHpt[fs;

vy;yhk; kz;zpy; ,Ue;J njhd;wpait MFk;. vdnt kz;zpy; ,Ue;J

njhd;wpa bghUl;fs; midj;Jk; ,aw;if bghUl;fs; vdf; fUjg;gLfpd;wJ.

m';ff ntshz;ikf;F jplf;fHpt[fspy; ,Ue;J bgwg]gLk; rj;Jf;fs; kpf kpf

mtrpak;. ,e;j jplf;fHpt[fs; v';fpUe;J bgwg]gLfpd;wd? Kjw;fl;lkhf

gz;izf; fHpt[fisg] ghh;f;fyhk;. gz;izapy; ,Ue;J bgwg;gLk;

jplf;fHpt[fspy; gaph]fSf;Fj; njitahd vy;yh rj;Jf;fSk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,e;j

gz;izf; fHpt[fis rhpahd Kiwapy; gad;gLj;jpdhy; mjpy; ,Ue;J mjpf

rj;Jf;fis gaph] vLj;Jf;bfhs;Sk; epiyf;F khw;wpj; ju Koa[k;.

gz;izf;fHpt[fis nrfhpj;jy;

gy;ntW ,l';fspy; ,Ue;J nrfhpf;fg;gLk; gz;izf;fHpt[fs;

kl;fr]bra;a[k; ,lj;jpw;F bfhz;Ltug;gLfpd;wd. ,e;j gz;izf;fHpt[

kl;Fk; ,lk; gz;izapy; VjhtJ xU \iyapy; ey;y rhiyg;

nghf;Ftuj;Jf;F Vw;wjhf ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. ePh; Mjhuk; nghJkhd mst[

,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. gz;izf;fHpt[fs; kl;Fk; ,lj;jpd; xU gFjpapy;

Ftpf;fg;gl;L/ mjw;F gpd; gpw kl;Fk; ntiyfSf;F gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd.

fHpt[fis rpWrpW Jz;Lfshf;Fjy;

kl;Ftpj;jypd; nghJ fHpt[fspd; Jfs;fspd; mst[ Kf;fpa g';F

tfpf;Fk;. mjdhy; mf;fHpt[fis kl;Ftpg;gjw;F Kd;g[ mtw;iw rpWrpW

Jfs;fshf;f ntz;Lk;. mtw;iw ifapdhy; bra;a[k; nghJ ntiy Ml;fs;

mjpfkhf njitg;gLthh;fs;. mjdhy;/ ,g;gzpf;F Jfs;fshf;Fk;

,ae;jpuj;ijg; gad;gLj;jyhk;. Jfs;fspd; ghpe;Jiuf;fg;gl;l mst[ 2 Kjy;

2.5 br.kP. MFk;.

kyh] -33 43

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

gr;ir epwf; fHpt[fisa[k; gGg;g[ epwf; fHpt[fisa[k; xd;whf fyf;Fjy;

fhpkr;rj;J kw;Wk; jiHr;rj;J tpfpjk; jhd;/ kl;Fk; Kiwia

KobtLf;Fk;. fhpkr]rj;J kw;Wk; jiHr;rj;jpd; tpfpjj;jpd; mst[ mjpfkhf

,Ue;jhy;/ kl;Fk; Kiw eilbgwhJ. fhpkr]rj;J kw;Wk; jiHr;rj;jpd;

tpfpjj;jpd; mst[ rpwpajhf ,Ue;jhy; kl;Lnk kl;Fk; Kiw eilbgWk;. me;j

tpfpjk; fpilg]gjw;F fhpkr]rj;J kw;Wk; jiHr;rj;J mjpfKs;s fHpt[fis

ed;F fyf;f ntz;Lk;. fpishp!poah ,iyfs;/ ghh]j;jPdpak; fisfs;/ mfj;jp

,iyfs; nghd;wit gr]ir fHpt[fshFk;. itf;nfhy;/ fha;e;j ,iyfs;/

fha;e;j g[y;fs; Mfpait fhpkr;rj;J mjpfKs;s gGg;g[ epwf; fHpt[fshFk;.

,t;tpuz;L fHpt[fisa[k; nrh;j;J kl;f itj;jhy;/ mf;fHpt[fs; Fiwe;j

fhyj;jpy; kl;fptpLk;. tpy';Ffspd; fHpt[fspYk; jiHr]rj;J mjpfk; ,Uf;Fk;.

kl;Ftpj;jypd;nghJ/ mjpfk; fhpkr]rj;J kw;Wk; mjpf jiHr]rj;J cs;s

fHpt[fis khw;wp khw;wp ,Lk; nghJ/ Fiwe;j fhyj;jpy; mit kl;fptpLk;.

fk;ngh!;l; Ftpay; mikj;jy;

Fiwe;jJ 4 mo cauj;jpw;F fHpt[fis ,l;L mtw;wpd; msit

rkg;gLj;j ntz;Lk;. kl;f itf;Fk; ,lk; rpW cauj;jpYk;/ ey;y epHypYk;

,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. fHpt[fs; midj;ija[k; ed;F fyf;fptpl ntz;Lk;.

fhpkr;rj;J kw;Wk; jiHr]rj;J epiwe;j fHpt[fis khw;wp khw;wp mikj;J

,ilapilna fhy;eil fHpt[fisa[k; fyf;f ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW bra;j gpd;/

mtw;iw ed;F


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

fk;ngh!;l; gLf;ifapy; fhw;nwhl;lk; Vw;gLj;Jjy;

jplf;fHpt[f;Ftpaypy; njitahd mst[ Mf;!p$d; ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;. ,jw;F

mf;Ftpay; fhw;nwhl;lKilajhf ,Uf;f ntz:Lk;. Ftpaiyg; gjpide;J

ehl;fSf;F xUKiw fpswptpLtjhy; fPGs;s bghUl;fs; nkYk;/ nknya[s;s

bghUl;fs; fPGk; bry;fpd;wd. ,t;thW fyf;Ftjhy; Ez;qaphp bray;ghL

J}z;lg;gl;L kl;Fjy; bray; ntfkhf eilbgWfpwJ. rpyrka';fspy; fhw;nwhl;lk;

Vw;gLj;j gf;fthl;oy; my;yJ br';Fj;jhd epiyapy; FHha;fisg; bghUj;jyhk;.

kuj;Jfs;fis kl;Fjy; Ftpaypy; gUkd; MFtjw;F gad;gLj;jyhk;. ,t;thW

gad;gLj;Jtjhy; fHpt[fs; nkYk; fhw;nwhl;lk; bgWfpd;wd.


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

El;gkhFk;. jplf;fHpt[fis kl;f itj;J/ kz;g[Gtpw;Ff; bfhLj;J/ kz;g[G

rhg]gpl;L/ mjd; vr]rkhf tUtnj kz;g[G cukhFk;. rhjhuz Kiwapy;

fk;ngh!;l; bra;j gpd;g[ fpilf;Fk; cuj;jpw;Fk; kz;g[G cuj;jpw;Fk; juj;jpy;

ntWghL cs;sJ. kz;g[G cuj;jpy; mjpf rj;Jf;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.

gaph;fSf;F ntz;oa tsh]r]rp Cf;fpfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ed;ik jUk;

Ez;qaphpfSk; ,Uf;fpd;wd.

kz;g[G cuk; jahhpf;f gy;ntW epiyfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd/ mtw;iwg; gw;wp

,';nf fhzyhk;. kz;g[G cuk; jahhpj;jypy; cs;s gy;ntW epiyfisf;

ftdkhff; filg;gpoj;jhy;jhd; jukhd kz;g[G cuk; fpilf;Fk;.

jplf;fHpt[fis kz;g[G rhg;gpLk; gf;Ftj;jpw;F khw;wpj;ju Koa[k;. Vbddpy;

kz;g[Gtpw;Fg; gy; fpilahJ. vdnt jplf;fHpt[fis mJ rhg;gpLk;

gf;Ftj;jpw;F khw;w ntz;Lk;. me;j khw;wnk gy;ntW epiyfs; vdg;gLfpwJ.

epiy 1

kl;ff;Toa fHpt[fis nrfhpj;jy;/ rpWrpW Jz;Lfshf khw;Wjy;/

cnyhfk;/ fz;zho kw;Wk; gP';fhd; bghUl;fisg; gphpj;J vLj;jy;.

epiy 2

kl;ff; ;Toa fHpt[fis \l;lk; nghl;L/ mjpy; rhzf;fiuriy bjspj;J/

20 ehl;fSf;F kl;ftpLjy;. ,t;thW 20 ehl;fs; kl;fpa fHpt[fs; kz;g[G

rhg;gpLtjw;F VJthf ,Uf;Fk;. ed;whf cyh;e;j fhy;eilf; fHpt[fisa[k;/

rhz vhptha[f; fHpt[fisa[k; kl;Lnk kz;g[G cuk; jahhpf;f cgnahfpf;f

ntz;Lk;.

epiy 3

kz;g[G cug;gLf;if jahhpf;ff; fod jiu kpft[k; mtrpak;. jiu

kpUJthf ,Ue;jhy;/ kz;g[G kz;qf;Fs; bry;y tha;g]g[ ,Uf;fpwJ. nkYk;

kz;g[G gLf;ifapy; jz;zPh; tpLk;bghGJ jz;zPhpy; fiuaf;Toa

rj;Jf;fis vy;yhk; jz;zPhpy; fiuj;J kz;qf;Fs; bfhz;Lngha; tpLk;.

epiy 4

kz;g[G cuk; jahhpj;j gpd;g[ kz;g[Gf;fisg; gphpj;J vLf;f ntz;Lk;.

kz;g[G cuj;ij ry;yilapy; ,l;L rypf;Fk; bghGJ ed;whf kl;fpa cuk;

kw;Wk; kl;fhj fHpt[fis jdpj;jdpahfg; gphpj;J vLf;f ntz;Lk;. kl;fhj

fHpt[fis kWgoa[k; kz;g[G gLf;ifapy; ,lntz;Lk;.

epiy 5

nrfhpj;j kz;g[G cuj;ij mjpf btg;gkpy;yhj fhw;nwhl;lk; cs;s

,lj;jpy; nrkpj;J itf;ft[k;. ,t;thW nrkpj;J itf;fg;gl;Ls;s kz;g[G

cuj;jpy; ed;ik jUk; Ez;qaphpfs; mjpf mstpy; tsUk;.

cfe;j kz;g[Git njh;e;bjLj;jy;

kz;g[G cuk; cw;gj;jpf;fhf epyg]gug]gpd; nky; thHf;Toa kz;g[G kl;Lnk

kyh] -33 46

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

cgnahfg;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. kz;zpd; cl;g[wj;jpy; thHf;Toa kz;g[GthdJ

kz;g[G cuj;jpd; cw;gj;jpf;F cfe;jJ my;y. Mg;hpf;fd; kz;g[G (a{ohpy;y!;

a{$pdpna)/ rptg;g[kz;g[G (va;rpdpah ngholh)/ kl;Fk; kz;g[G (bghpahdpf;!;

vf;!;fntl;l!;) nghd;wit kz;g[G cuj;jpd; cw;gj;jpf;fhd rpwe;j kz;g[Gf;fs;

MFk;. ,e;j \d;W kz;g[Gf;fSk; xd;Wld; xd;W nrh]e;J thHf;Toa g[Gf;fs;

MFk;. tpahghu hPjpapy; Mghpf;fd; kz;g[Git mjpf mstpy; tpUk;g[fpwhh;fs;.

Vbddpy; Fiwe;j fhy ,ilbtspapy;/ mjpf mst[ kz;g[G cuk; kw;Wk;

g[Gf;fisa[k; ,J cw;gj;jp bra;fpwJ.

kz;g[G cu cw;gj;jpf;fhd ,lk;

kz;g[G cuk; v';F ntz;LkhdhYk; cw;gj;jp bra;a Koa[k;. mjdhy;

epHYld;mjpfst[


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

fHpt[fis gLf;ifapy; ,Lk; Kiw

ghjp kl;fpa fHpt[fis 30 rjtPjk; fhy;eil fHpt[fSld; fyf;f

ntz;Lk;. ,f;fyitia kz;g[G cu fl;likg;gpd; tpspk;g[ tiu epug;g

ntz;Lk;. kz;g[G gLf;ifapy;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

jf;fhspapy; gutp tUk; ghf;Ohpay; thly; neha;

Kidth] m.r';fuyp';fk;/ Kidth; eh. uFgjp

kw;Wk; Kidth] rP. _jud;

jkpH; ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h]- 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz: : 0422-6611315

ekJ khepyj;jpy; jf;fhsp gaphplg;gLk; gFjpfspy; bgUthhpahf

fhzg;gLtJ g[s;sp thly; kw;Wk; @g]a[nrhpak; thly; neha;fshFk;.

,t;tpuz;oy; Kd;dJ er;RaphpapdhYk;/ gpd;dJ g{rzj;jhYk; Vw;gLtjhFk;.

vdpDk;/ mz;il khepykhd nfusj;jpy; mjpf ghjpg;gpid Vw;gLj;Jk;

ghf;Ohpay; thly; neha; jw;bghGJ nfhit khtl;lj;jpy; nkw;Fj;bjhlh;r;rp

kiyiar] rhh]e;j gFjpfspy; gut Muk;gpj;Js;sJ. ,e;neha; uhy;!;nlhdpah

brhyhndrpnauk; vd;Dk; ghf;Ohpahtpdhy; Vw;gLtjhFk;.

mwpFwpfs;

� nehapd; ghjpg;g[ broapd; vt;tpj tsh]r]rpg] gUtj;jpYk; Vw;glyhk;.

� njhl;lj;jpy; brofs; m';bfhd;Wk/; ,';bfhd;Wkhf thlj; Jt';Fk; .

� jhf;fg;gl;l brofspy; nky; kw;Wk; Edp ,iyfs; jsh;e;J tho rhpahf ePh;

gha;r;rhjJ nghy; njhw;wkspf;Fk; ;.

� broapd; ,iyfs; gpw thly; nehap;d; mwpFwpfs; nghy; k";rs; epwkhfnth/

fUfp cjpUtnjh ,y;iy.

� er;Raphp thly; nghy;/ ,iyfs;/ ,iyf;fhk;g[ kw;Wk; jz;oy; g[s;spfnsh

my;yJ Edpf;fUfnyh fhzg;glhJ.

� thLk; brofspy; Kjypy; nth;fspy; vt;tpj khw;wKk; bjhpahJ.

� neha[w;w brofspd; jz;Lg;gFjpapid ePsthl;oy; btl;odhy; cs;ns

jpRf;fs; gGg;g[ epwkhf khwpapUg;gijf; fhzyhk;.

� ghf;Ohpay; thliy gpd;tUkhW cWjp bra;ayhk;.

neha[w;w broapd; mog]gFjpapypUe;J jz;od; xU rpW Jz;oid btl;o

mjd; mog;ghfj;ij jz;zPh] epuk;gpa Xh; fz;zho lk;shpy; itj;jhy;

mjpypUe;J xU rpy epkpl';fspy; ghf;Ohpah btz;zpw jputkhf frptijf;

fhzyhk;.

gut[k; tpjk;

� mkpyj;jd;ik tha;e;j Fiwe;j fhu mkpy epiy cila epy';fspy;

,e;neha; ghjpg]ig Vw;gLj;Jk;.

kyh] -33 49

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

� mjpf kiH kw;Wk; ePh] nj';fp epw;Fk; epy';fspy; nehapd; jPtpuk;

mjpfkhFk;.

� kz;zpd; btg;g epiy (30-35°bry;rpa!;) neha; ntfkhf gut tHp tFf;Fk;.

� neha;fhuzp brofspd; fHpt[fs;/ ehw;Wfs;/ kz;/ gz;izf;fUtpfs; kw;Wk;

jz;zPh] \ykhf vspjpy; gut[k;.

� ,e;neha; jf;fhsp FLk;gj;ijr] nrh]e;j fj;jhp/ cUis/ g[ifapiy nghd;w

gaph]fspYk; ghjpg]ig Vw;gLj;Jk;.

� gapuw;w fhy';fspy;/ ghf;Ohpah fisfspd; nth;fspy; j';fpapUf;Fk;

jd;ika[ilaJ.

nkyhz;ik

� jhf;fg;gl;l brofs;/ brof;fHpt[fs; ,tw;iw mfw;wp vhpj;J mHpf;f

ntz;Lk;.

� epyj;jpy; ePh] nj';fhjthW jFe;j tofhy; trjp bra;at[k;.

� brofisr; Rw;wp kz;zpy; rpwpjst[[ gpsPr]rp'; gt[lh; ,l;L ePh] gha;r;Rjy;

nehapid cld; fl;Lg;gLj;Jk;.

� neha; fz;l taypy;/ 2.5 fpuhk; fhg;gh] Mf;rp FnshiuL kw;Wk; 0.5 fpuhk;

!;blg]l;nuhikrpd; ry;ngl;il xU ypl;lh] jz;zPhpy; fye;J broapd;

mog]ghfj;jpy; Cw;wyhk;.

� neha[w;w taypy; cgnahfpj;j kz;btl;o/ fis gpL;';fp kw;Wk; gpw

fUtpfis gpsPr]rp'; gt[lh; fye;j ePhpy; bjhw;W ePf;fk; bra;at[k;.

� njhl;lj;ij fisfs; ,d;wp guhkhpf;ft[k;.

� jf;fhsp fd;Wfs; nehaw;w ehw;w';fhy;fspy; tsh;f;fg;gLjy; mtrpak;.

� eltpd; bghGJ fd;Wfspd; nth;fspy; mjpf fhak; Vw;glhjthW

ghh;j;Jf;bfhs;st[k;.

� neha;fhuzp xUKiw epyj;jpy; nt+d;wp tpl;lhy;nehapidf;

fl;Lg]gLj;JtJ fodk;.

� neha;fz;l tay;fspy; jf;fhspia kPz;Lk; gaphplf;TlhJ.

� nkYk; neha;fz;l epyj;jpy; fj;jhp/ cUis/ g[ifapiy ,tw;iwg;

gaphpLtija[k; jtph]f;ft[k;.

� bey;/ kf;fhr]nrhsk;/ gUj;jp ,tw;iw ePz;l fhy RHw;rpapy; filg]gpof;ft[k;.

��������

kyh] -33 50

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

gHg;gaph;fspy; E}w;g[G fl;Lg;ghL

Kidth; nf. g{h;zpkh kw;Wk; Kidth; j.eh. ghynkhfd;

gHg;gaph;fs; Jiw

njhl;lf;fiyf; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp epiyak;

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h; - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz: : 0422-6611269

jkpHfj;jpd;midj;J khtl;l';fspYk; gHg;gaph;fs; rhFgo

bra;ag;gLfpd;wd. thiH/ vYkpr;ir ,dg] gH';fs;/ jpuhl;ir kw;Wk;

gg;ghspapy; E}w;g[Gf;fshy; Vw;gLk; tpisr]ry; ,Hg]g[ mjpfkhf cs;sJ.

,tw;iwj; jhf;Fk; E}w;g[Gf;fs; gw;wpa[k; mtw;iwf; fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

gw;wpa[k; ,';F fhz;nghk;.

thiH

njhl;lf;fhy; epyj;jpYk;/ kiyr] rhpt[fspYk; gaphplg;gLk; thiHfspy;

E}w;g[Gf;fs; mjpf ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd. ,e;E}w;g[Gf;fshy; thiHapy;

10 Kjy; 50 tpGf;fhL tiu tpisr]ry; Fiwtjw;F tha;g;gpUf;fpwJ.

thiHiaj; jhf;Fk; E}w;g[Gf;fspy; kpf Kf;fpakhdit nth;mGfy; E}w;g[G/

nth]Kor;R E}w;g[G kw;Wk; RUs; tot E}w;g[G MfpaitahFk;. ,g;g[Gf;fspd;

jhf;Fjyhy; ku';fs; tsh]r]rp Fd;wpa[k;/ ,iyfspd; vz;zpf;if Fiwe;Jk;/

,iyfs; k";rs; epwkhfpa[k; fhzg;gLk;. jhh]js;Sjy; jhkjkhfp jhh]fspy;

gH';fs; tsh]r]rp Fd;wpa[k;/ vz;zpf;if Fiwe;Jk;/ rpWj]Jk; fhzg]gLk;.

nth]fs; fUik my;yJ rptg]g[epw mGfnyhLk;/ nth]Kor;RfnshLk;

fhzg;gLk;. nth]fs; mGfp/ ku';fs; MHkhf nth] Cd;Wjy; ghjpf;fg]gl;L

fhw;wpy; vspjhf rha;e;J tpLk; jd;ikia cilajha; ,Uf;Fk;. ,jdhy;

thiHapd; tpisr]ry; bghpJk; ghjpf;fg]gLfpd;wJ.

fl;Lg]gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

thiH E}w;g[Gf;fs;/ E}w;g[G neha; cs;s fd;Wfis eLtjhy;

gut[fpd;wd. ,ij jLg]gjw;F fpH';Ffspy; cs;s E}w;g[Gf;fis Kw;wpYkhf

mHpg;gJ Kf;fpakhFk;. E}w;g[Gf;fs; cs;s fpH';Ffs; fUik my;yJ

rptg]g[epw mGfnyhL fhzg;gLk;. ,e;j mGfpa gFjpfspy; gy

Mapuf;fzf;fhd E}w;g[Gf;fs; ,Uf;Fk;. ,e;j mGfy; Rkhh] 2 Kjy; 3 br.kP.

MHk; tiu fpH';Ffspy; gutp ,Uf;Fk;. ,e;j mGfpa gFjpfis rPtp

fpH';Ffs; bts;is epwkhfj; njhd;Wk;go bra;tjd; \yk; bgUk;ghyhd

E}w;g[Gf;fis mfw;wyhk;. v";rp ,Uf;Fk; ,e;E}w;g[Gf;fis mfw;w

nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; 36 tpGf;fhL g{r]rp bfhy;yp fye;j fiurypy; (xU

ypl;lh] jz;zPUf;F 1.5 kpy;yp g{r]rp bfhy;yp) eidj;J gpd;g[ elyhk;. kw;bwhU

kyh] -33 51

,jH; - 11


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

Kiwapy; rPtpa fpH';Ffspy; fhh]ngh@g]a{uhd; 3 tpGf;fhL FUizia 40

fpuhk; vd;w mstpy; J}tp elyhk;. ,e;j FUizia eLk; jUzj;jpy;

,lKoahtpl]lhYk] el;l 3 khj';fSf;Fs; 40 fpuhk] vd;w mstpy; fd;iw

Rw;wp FHpfspy; ,lyhk;. bjhlh]e;J gy Mz;LfSf;F xnu taypy; thiH

eLtijj; jtph]f;f ntz;Lk;. nth] mGfy; E}w;g[Gitf; fl;Lg]gLj;j fha;fwpg;

gaph]fs;/ jhdpag]gaph]fs;/ k";rs;/ gUj;jp nghd;w gaph]fis thiH elt[

bra;j tay;fspy; RHw;rp Kiwapy; gaph] bra;ayhk;. thiHf; fd;Wfs; elt[

bra;J 45 ehl;fSf;Fg] gpwF gRe;jhs; cukhd rzg;igia CLgapuhfg]

gaphpl;L g{g]gjw;F Kd;g[ rzg]igiag] gpL';fp thiH ku';fSf;F eLtpy;

,l;L kz;nghl;L \otpl ntz;Lk].

jpuhl]ir

jpuhl;iria jhf;Fk; E}w;g[Gf;fspy; kpf Kf;fpakhdit nth]Kor]R

E}w;g[G/ ntuGfy; E}w;g[G kw;Wk]


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

� bfho xd;Wf;F @g]a{ulhd; 3 fp. FUizia 60 fpuhk] tPjk; ,Ljy;

� caphpay; Kiwapy; fl;Lg;gLj;j Nnlhnkhdh!; g;nshurd;!; ghf;Ohpahit

fthj;J bra;jgpd; bfho xd;Wf;F 4 fpuhk] tPjk; ,Ljy;

� vjph]g]g[j;jpwd; bfhz;l ,uf';fshd lhf;hpl;$;/ rhy;l;fphPf; nghd;wtw;iw

nth]f;Fr]rpfshff; bfhz;l xl;L ehw;Wfisg] gaphplyhk;.

vYkpr]ir

jkpH;ehl;oy; Mu";R kw;Wk; vYkpr]ir gaphpLk; midj;Jg; gFjpfspYk]

fhzg;gLk] vYkpr]ir nth] E}w;g[Gtpd; ,Hg]g[ 80 tpGf;fhL tiu Vw;gLfpwJ.

,e;j E}w;g[Gtpd; jhf;Fjyhy; ku';fspd; tsh]r]rp Fd;wpa[k;/ ,iyfs; btspwp

k";rs; epwkhfpa[k;/ cs;nehf;fpr] RUz;Lk; ,iyfspd; vz;zpf;if

Fiwe;Jk;/ gH';fspd; vz;zpf;if Fiwe;Jk;/ rpWj;Jk; ,Wjpapy;

tpisr]rYk] FiwfpwJ. E}w;g[G jhf;fpa kuj;jpy; ,iyfs; cjph]e;J

fpisfs; nkypUe;J fPH;nehf;fp fha;e;J ,Uf;Fk]. kuj;jpy; ‘gpd;nehf;fpf;

fha;jy;' (die-back) neha;f;F ,e;E}w;g[Gf;fns fhuzk]. ,e;j E}w;g[Gitf;

fl;Lg]gLj;j @g]a{ulhd; 3 fp. FUizia kuk; xd;Wf;F 100 fpuhk; tPjk] 15

br.kP. MHj;jpy; kuj;ij Rw;wp ,lt[k]. Nnlhnkhdh!; g;nshurd;!; vd;Dk;

gaph] tsh]r]rpia Cf;Ftpf;Fk; ghf;Ohpaf; fyitia kuj;jpw;F 20 fpuhk;

tPjk; ehd;F khjj;jpw;F xUKiw kuj;ij Rw;wp 15 br.kP. MHj;jpy; kuj;jpy;

,Ue;J 50 br.kP. ,ilbtspapy; kzYld; fye;J ,lntz;Lk;.

gg;ghsp

gg]ghspiaj; jhf;Fk; E}w;g[Gf;fspy; Kf;fpakhdJ bkhr]ir tot kw;Wk;

nth]Kor;R E}w;g[Gf;fshFk]. ,e;j E}w;g[Gf;fspd; jhf;Fjyhy; ,iyfs;

k";rs; epwkhfp/ ,iyfspd; vz;zpf;if Fiwe;J fhzg;gLk;.

nth]g]gFjpfspy; fUik epwg]g[s;spfSk;/ fha';fSk; nth]Kor]RfSk;

bjd;gLk;. ,Wjpapy; gH';fspd; vil mst[ ghjpf;fg]gl;L tpisr]ry; bghpJk;

ghjpg]gila[k;. mjpfkhfj; jhf;fg]gLk] ,sk; ku';fs; thotpLk;.

fl;Lg]gLj;Jk] Kiwfs;

� nfhilapy; epyj;ij MH cHt[ bra;J 1 Kjy; 3 khj fhyk; jhprhf

itj;jpUj;jy;.

� E}w;g[Gf;fshy; jhf;fg]glhj tskhd ehw;Wfis bgw/ ehw;W

jahhpf;fg]gLk] kz;fyit ml';fpa ghypj;jPd; igfspy; 25 kp.yp. fhg]gh]

Mf;!p FnshiuL (1 yp. jz;zPUf;F 1 fpuhk; g{rzf;bfhy;yp) fiury;

kw;Wk; @g]a{ulhd; 3 fp. FUizia 1 fpuhk; tPjk] ,Ljy;.

� ehw;W eLtjw;F Kd;g[ ehw;Wfs; elg]gLk; FHpapYk;/ g{f;Fk; jUzj;jpYk;

@g]a{ulhd; 3 fp. FUizia ,Ljy;.

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kyh] -33 53

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Kidth; fh.e.fnzrd; kw;Wk; Kidth; g.rpd;idad;

tpij ikak;/ jkpH;ehL ntshz:ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

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ty;Yeh; tpij

jukhd rhd;W bgw;w tpijfisg; gaphpl;lhy; mjpf kfNy; bgWtJ epr]rak;

vd;gJ mz:ikf; fhy';fspy; tptrhapfs; mwpe;jJ. tpij cw;gj;jpapy;


tsUk; ntshz;ik etk;gh] 2007

jdpahh] tpij cw;gj;jpahsh;fs; jw;bghGJ tpij ikaj;jhy;

eilKiwg]gLj;jg;gl;L tUk; ty;Yeh; tpijj; njitapd; 50 rjtPj bjhifia

fl;o gjpt[ bra;J bfhs;tjd; \yk; mLj;j Mz:ow;Fj; njitahd ty;Yeh;

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mika[k;.

jkpH;ehL ntshz:ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfj;jpd; fl;Lg;ghl;oYs;s Muha;r]rp

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epiy tpijfSk; tptrhapfs; gaphpl tH';fg;gl;L tUfpwJ. ,t;tpijfs;

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cz:ik epiy tpij ,Ug]g[ tpguk;

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ntshz:ik Muha;r;rp epiyak;/ btz:il mh;fh mdhkpfh

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