October

agritech.tnau.ac.in

October

tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

ntshz;ikapy; gaph; ghJfhg;g[

Kidth; rp.uhkrhkp

Jiznte;jh;

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h; - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz: : 0422 - 6611222

,e;jpa jPgfw;gj;jpy; rpwe;j ,aw;if ts';fSk;/ midj;J tifg;

gaph;fspd; rhFgof;nfw;w jl;gbtg;g epiya[k; epyt[tjhy;/ Rkhh; 70

rjtPjj;jpw;Fk; nkw;gl;l ,e;jpah]fs; ntshz;ikiar; rhh]e;Js;sdh].

,e;jpahtpd; bkhj;j rhFgo gug]gst[ 2001-2002k; Mz;oy; 183.4 kpy;ypad;

vf;luhft[k;/ gog]goahf Fiwe;J 2005-06k; Mz;oy; 182.57 kpy;ypad;

vf;luhft[k; cs;sJ. tsh;e;JtUk; kf;fs; bjhiff;nfw;g czt[

cw;gj;jpapy; jd;dpiwt[ mila czt[ cw;gj;jpiag] bgUf;f ntz;Lk;.

ntshz: tpisepy';fs; midj;Jk; bjhHpw;Tl';fshft[k;/ tPl;L

kidfshft[k; khwptUfpd;w NHypy; rhFgo gug]gsit mjpfhpf;f ,ayhJ.

vdnt/ cw;gj;jpj; jpwid gy;ntW bjhHpy; El;g';fisf; ifahz;L/

mjpfhpg;gnj gaDs;s tHpahFk;. gy;ntW g{r;rpfSk;/ neha;fSk;

gaph]fisj; jhf;fp kpFe;j nrjj;ij tpistpj;J tpisr]riya[k;/ tpis

bghUl;fspd; juj;ija[k; Fiwf;fpd;wd. nkYk; ,e;jpahtpy; g{r]rp kw;Wk;

neha;fspd; jhf;Fjyhy; jhdpa/ jPtd kw;Wk; gzg; gaph]fspYk;/ nrkpg;g[f;

fpl';FfspYk; 20 Kjy; 50 rjtPj ,Hg]g[ Vw;gl;L/ Mz;ow;F Rkhh; 20/000

nfho +gha; tiu ,Hg]g[ Vw;gLfpwJ. cHth] bgUkf;fs; kj;jpapy;/ g{r;rp

kw;Wk; neha; nkyhz:ikapy; ,urhadf; bfhy;ypfns Kf;fpa

g';fhw;Wfpd;wd. ek;ehl;oy; ,urhadf; bfhy;ypfs; gad;ghl;oy; ek;

jkpH;ehL \d;whk; ,lj;jpy; cs;sJ.

,urhadf; bfhy;ypfis cgnahfpg;gjhy; Rw;Wg;g[wr;NHy;

khRgLtnjhL/ ,aw;ifapy; thGk; gy ed;ik bra;a[k; g{r;rpfSk;

mHpf;fg;gLfpd;wd. nkYk;/ ,k;kUe;Jfs; tpl;Lr; bry;Yk; v";rpa er;R

kdpjDf;Fk; kw;w caphpd';fSf;Fk; jP';F tpistpf;fpwJ. vdnt gaph]

ghJfhg]ghdJ/ ,aw;ifnahL xj;jpUf;f ntz;Lk;. mjhtJ/ ,aw;ifr]

NHiy khRgLj;jhkYk;/ ve;j caphpd';fSf;Fk; jP';F tpistpf;fhkYk;/

g{r]rp kw;Wk; neha;fspy; vjph]g]g[ rf;jpia Vw;gLj;jhkYk;;/ ed;ik jUk; g{r]rp

kw;Wk; Ez;qaphpfis mHpf;fhkYk; ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;.

kyh] -33 1

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

mz;ikf; fhyj;jpy; rpy g{r]rpfSk; neha;fSk; jpObud;W bgUthhpahfj;

njhd;wp ntshz; cw;gj;jpia bgUkstpy; ghjpg;gJld;/ ,Jtiu

bghUshjhu Kf;fpaj;Jtky;yhjit vdf; fz;lwpag;gl;l g{r]rpfSk;

neha;fSk; Tl bgUkstpy; nrjj;jpid cz;lhf;fp bghUshjhu

Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jitahf khwp tUfpd;wd.

,j;jifa g{r]rp kw;Wk; neha;fisj; jf;f jUzj;jpy; fz;lwpe;J gaph]

ghJfhg]gpid nkw;bfhs;tjhy; kfNy; ,Hg;gpidf; Fiwg;gJld; ntshz;

cw;gj;jpiaa[k; bgUf;f Koa[k;. bghUshjhu nrjepiyapd; mog;gilapy;

njitf;nfw;g gaph] ghJfhg]gpid nkw;bfhs;tjw;F xU';fpize;j g{r]rp

kw;Wk; neha; eph]thf Kiwfis mwpe;J filgpoj;jy; kpft[k; ,d;wpaikahj

xd;whFk;.

jw;nghija NH;epiyapy; ,aw;ifnahL ,z';fpa vy;yh

caphpd';fSf;Fk; ghJfhg;ghd/ vspjpy; gpd;gw;wf;Toa guhkhpg;g[

KiwahdJ kpft[k; mtrpakhd xd;whFk;. gaph]fspy; njhd;Wk; g{r]rp kw;Wk;

neha;fis mwnt xHpg;gJ ,aw;iff;F mg;ghw;gl;lJ kl;Lkd;wp

rhj;jpakpy;yhjJ.

vdnt/ g{r;rp kw;Wk; neha;fisf; fl;Lg;ghl;oy; jhd; itj;Jf;bfhs;s

Koa[k;. ve;jbthU jdp fl;Lg;ghl;L Kiwa[k; KGg; gaidj; juhJ. vdnt/

,Hg;gpid bghUshjhu nrj epiyf;Fs; fl;Lg;gLj;jp itg]gnj rhyr;

rpwe;jJ. bghUshjhu/ r\f/ Rw;Wg]g[w NHYf;F Vw;g[ila gy gaph] ghJfhg]g[

Kiwfisa[k; xU';fpizj;J cgnahfpg]gnj rpwe;j gyd; jUk;. ,Jnt

xU';fpize;j gaph] ghJfhg]ghFk;.

xU';fpize;j gaph; ghJfhg;gpy; caphpay; fl;Lg;ghl;L Kiwfs;

Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jitahff; fUjg;gLfpd;wd. gp.o. bjhHpy;El;gk;/

Nnlhnkhdh!; kw;Wk; oiuf;nfhblh]kh vjph]caphpfs;/ kugpay; kw;Wk; caph]

bjhHpy;El;gtpay; nghd;wit gaph] ghJfhg;gpy; xU g[ul;rpia Vw;gLj;jp

cHth] bgUkf;fSf;F cWJizahf tps';fp tUfpd;wd.

jkpH;ehL ntshz; gy;fiyf; fHfj;jpYs;s gaph; ghJfhg]g[ Ma;t[

ikak;/ gytifahd Muha;r]rpfis nkw;bfhz;L/ jiyrpwe;j gaph]ghJfhg]g[

bjhHpy; El;g';fis ntshz; bgUkf;fSf;F tH';fp tUfpwJ.


kyh] -33 2

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

Nnlhnkhdh!; g;nshurd;i! bfhz;L gaph;fis

jhf;Fk; neha;fs;/ g{r;rpfs; kw;Wk; Ehw;g[G nkyhz:ik

Kidth; ,uh. rhkpag;gd;

gaph;ghJfhg;g[ ikak;

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h] - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz: : 0422 - 6611237

caphpay; Kiwapy; g{r;rpfs; kw;Wk; neha;fs; fl;Lg;ghl;od;

Kf;fpaj;Jtk;

,d;iwa ntshz;ikapy; ,urhadg] g{r]rp kw;Wk; g{rzf; bfhy;ypfis

gad;gLj;Jtjhy; Rw;Wr] NHy; khRgLtnjhL kl;Lkd;wp g{r]rpfs; kw;Wk;

neha;fhuzpfspd; vjph;g;g[rf;jp njhd;w tHptFf;fpwJ.mj;Jld;

czt[g]bghUs;fspy; Fwpg]ghf jhdpag]gaph]fs; kw;Wk; njhl;lf;fiy

gaph]fspy; er]Rj;jd;ik j';fp caphpd';fSf;Fk; jP';F tpistpf;fpwJ.

Mdhy; caph] vjph]bfhy;ypfis gad;gLj;Jtjhy; mj;jifa NH;epiy rPh]

nfL Vw;gLtjpy;iy. mJkl;Lkd;wp g{r]rp kw;Wk; neha; fhuzpfspy; vjph]g]g[

rf;jpa[k; njhd;Wtjpy;iy. xU';fpize;j gaph] ghJfhg]g[ nkyhz;ikapy;

caph] vjph]bfhy;ypfs; kpf Kf;fpakhd g';F tfpf;fpd;wd. caphpay; Kiw

gaph] ghJfhg]gpy; g{rzk; kw;Wk; ghf;Ohpah vd;w ,uz;L tifahd caph]

vjph] bfhy;ypfs; gad;gLj;jg;gl;L tUfpwJ. ,e;j ,uz;L tifapy; ghf;Ohpah

tifiar; rhh]e;j Nnlhnkhdh!; mjpf mstpy; caph] vjph] bfhy;ypahf

gad;gLj;jg;gl;L tUfpwJ. ,e;j ghf;Ohpah/ neha;fhuzpfs;/ E}w;g[Gf;fs;

kw;Wk; rpy g{r;rpfis rpwg;ghff; fl;Lg]gLj;JtnjhL kl;Lky;yhky; ed;ik

bra;a[k; kw;w caphpd';fSf;F jP';F tpistpf;fhky; Rw]Wg;g[w

NH;epiyiag; ghJfhf;fpwJ. mj;Jld; ,e;j tif ghf;Ohpah gaph]

tsh]r]rpiaa[k; mjpfhpj;J tpisr]riya[k; mjpfhpf;fpwJ.

Nnlhnkhdh!;

,d;iwa gaph] nkyhz;ikapy; R{nlhnkhdh!; vd;w nghpdj;jpy;

btt;ntW tif rpw;wpd';fshd R{nlhnkhdh!; g;nshurd;!;/ R{.

MW$pndhrh/ R{. g[olh/ R{.Fnshnuhuhg;gp!;/ R{. m$pnyhbknud;!;/ R{.

rPg;ghrpah kw;Wk; R{. Mupnahngrpad;!; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jjhFk;. ,jpy;

gaph] ghJfhg;g[ kw;Wk; tsh]r]rpia Jhz;Ltjpy; g]nshurd;!; tif Kf;fpag]

g';F tfpf;fpwJ. ,J xU bry;Yila/ neuhft[k; my;yJ rw;W tise;Jk;/

fpuhk; vd;w epwk; Vw;gpaw;wjhft[k;/ ,Uk;g[ madpfspd; gw;whf;Fiwapd;

nghJ gr;ir/ ePyk;/ Cjh/ k";rs; my;yJ ,s";rptg;g[ nghd;w g;nshurd;!;

kyh] -33 3

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

tif epwkpfis cw;gj;jp bra;af;Toajhft[k; kw;Wk; ,Uk;g[ madpfis

Fiwf;Fk; rplnuh@nghiu cw;gj;jp bra;a[k; jd;ikiaa[k; bfhz;lJ.

neha; fl;Lg;ghl;oy; Nnlhnkhdh!; g;nshurd;!;

Nnlhnkhdh!; g;nshurd;!; kz;zpd; \yk; gut[k; neha;fshd

ntuGfy;/ thly; neha;/ ehw;wGfy; neha; kw;Wk; Fz;lhe;jo tPf;f nth] neha;

nghd;wtw;iw fl;Lg;gLj;JtJld; ,iytHp \yk; gut[k; g{rz neha;fshd

Fiy neha;/ ,iya[iw fUfy; neha;/ ,iyg]g[s;sp neha; kw;Wk;

Md;j;uhf;ndh!; Mfpatw;wpd; ghjpg;iga[k; Fiwf;fpwJ. ,tw;Wld;

gaph;fisj; jhf;Fk; kw;w ghf;Ohpah kw;Wk; itu!; neha;fisa[k;

fl;Lg]gLj;JfpwJ. ,e;j ghf;Ohpak; neha;fis fl;Lg;gLj;JtJld; bey;ypd;

,iyr]RUl;L g[G/ jz;LJisg;ghd; Mfpatw;wpdhy; Vw;gLk; ghjpg;iga[k;

Fiwf;fpwJ. nkYk; thiHapy; nth]Fila[k; Ehw;g[G/ nth]Kor;R Ehw;g[G

kw;Wk; RUs; Ehw;g[G/ fha;fwpfspy; nth]Kor;R Ehw;g[G nghd;w gy;ntW

Ehw;g[Gtpdhy; Vw;gLk; ghjpg;ig Fiwf;fpwJ. ,e;j ghf;Ohpak; kw;w caph]

vjph] fhuzpfshd ngrpy;y!; rg;oy;yp!; kw;Wk; oiuf;nfhblh]kh tphpo

nghd;witfSlDk; ed;F xg;g[ik cilajhf cs;sjhy; ,ij kw;w caph]

vjph] fhuzpfSld; Tl;lhf gad;gLj;Jk; nghJ neha; fl;Lg]gLj;Jk; jpwd;

mjpfhpf;fpwJ.

Nnlhnkhdh!; g]nshurd;!; gaph] neha;fis neuoahft[k; kw;Wk;

kiwKfkhft[k; fl;Lg]gLj;JfpwJ. ,J 2/4-il mrpl;ily; g]nshuhFSrpdhy;/

gpdhrpd;/ ignahY}l;hpd; kw;Wk; iguhy;iel;hpd; nghd;w neha; vjph]g]g[

bghUs;fis cw;gj;jp bra;J gaph; neha;fis neuoahf fl;Lg]gLj;JfpwJ.

mj;Jld; ,e;j tif ghf;Ohpak; rplnuh@nghh] vd;w ,Uk;g[ madpia

cl;fpufpf;Fk; ty;yik cilaJ. ,jd; \yk; kw;w neha; cz;lhf;Fk;

g{rz';fSf;Fj; njitahd ,Uk;g[r] rj;ij Fiwj;J mjd; tsh]r]rpia

jLf;fpwJ. Nnlhnkhdh!; g]nshurd;!; kiwKf neha; vjph;g]g[ Kiwapy;

neuoahf neha;fis cz;lhf;Fk; fhuzpfis jhf;fhky; kw;w neha;

vjph]g;g[ behjpfshd bguhf;!pnl!;/ ghypgPdhy; Mf;!pnl!;/ gpidy;

mydpd; mk;nkhdpah iyna!;/ FSf;fnd!; kw;Wk; ifl;ond!;

nghd;wtw;iw jhtuj;jpy; mjpf mstpy; Ruf;f tHptif bra;J mjd;\yk;

neha; fhuzpfspd; tsh]r]rp tPjj;ijf; Fiwf;fpwJ.

nkYk; ,e;j tif ghf;Ohpak; neha;fis fl;Lg;gLj;JtnjhL

kl;Lky;yhky; tsh]r]rpia Cf;Ftpf;Fk; Qhh]nkhd;fshd Mf;!pd;/

$pg]uypd; kw;Wk; ,d;nlhy; mrpof; mkpyk; Mfpatw;iw Rue;J gaph]fspd;

tsh]r]rpia mjpfhpf;fpwJ.

kyh] -33 4

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

Nnlhnkhdh!; g;nshurd;!; - gt[lh; Kiwapy; jahupj;jy;

Kjypy; Nnlhnkhdhi! fp';!; Clfj;jpy; miw btg;g epiyapy; 48

kzpneuk; tsh]f;f ntz;Lk;. gpd;g[ xU kpy;yp jput Clfj;jpy; 9 x 10 8 ghf;Ohpa

bry;fs; ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy; Clfj;Jld; lhy;f; gt[liu fyf;f ntz;Lk;.

mjhtJ 400 kpy;yp ghf;Ohpa jput Clfj;Jld; xU fpnyh lhy;f; gt[lh; kw;Wk; 15

fpuhk; fhy;rpak; fhh]gndl; kw;Wk; fhh]ghf;rp kPj;ijy; bry;Ynyh!; nrh;j;J

fyf;f ntz;Lk;. gpd;g[ ,e;j fyitia ,ut[ KGtJk; cyu itj;J ghypj;jPd;

igfspy; milf;f ntz;Lk;. mjhtJ ghf;Ohpay; fhydpfs; 2.5 ypUe;J 3 x 108

fhydp / fpuhk; lhy;f; gt[lhpy; ,Uf;FkhW ghh]j;J taypy; ,lntz;Lk;.

Nnlhnkhdhi! gad;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

jhdpag; gaph;fs]

bey;ypy; xU';fpize;j gaph] ghJfhg;g[

tpij neh]j;jp

xU fpnyh tpijf;F 10 fpuhk; Nnlhnkhdh!; fyit vd;w tpfpjj;jpy;

fye;J njitahd mst[ jz:zPhpy; ,ut[ KGtJk; Cw itj;J gpd;dh]

jz:zPiu tof;f ntz:Lk;. toj;j jz:zPiu ehw;w';fhypy; Cw;wp tplt[k;.

ehw;W eidj;jy;

Nnlhnkhdh!; g;nshurd:!;

fp';!; ePh]k Clfk; (fpUkp ePf;fk; bra;ag]gl;lJ)

400 kpyp + 15 fp. fhy;rpak; fhh]gndl; + 10 fp. fhh]ghf;rp - kPijy; -

bry;Ynyh!; + 1 fpnyh gt[lh]

20 %


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

taypy; ,Ljy;

ehw;W el;l 30 ehl;fs; fHpj;J xU vf;lUf;F 2.5 fpnyh Nnlhnkhdh!;

ghf;Ohpah fyitia 50 fpnyh ed;F kf;fpa rhz vU my;yJ kzYld:

fye;J ,lntz;Lk;.

bjspg;g[ Kiw

Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah fyit 0.5 rj fiuriy elt[f;F gpd; dh] 45

ehl;fs; fHpj;J neha;fspd: jPtpuj;ijg; bghWj;J 10 ehl;fs; ,ilbtspapy;

\d;W Kiw bjspf;ft[k;.

nfH;tuF - Fiy neha;

tpij neh;j;jp

Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah fyit xU fpnyh tpijf;F 10 fpuhk; tPjk;

fye;J tpijf;ft[k;.

bjspg;g[ Kiw

Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah fyit 0.2 rj fiuriy nehapd: jPtpuj;ijg]

bghWj;J 10 ehl;fs; ,ilbtspapy; \d;W Kiw bjspf;ft[k;.

epyf;fliy/ vs:/ Nhpafhe;jp/ gUj;jp kw;Wk; gaW tifg; gaph;fs:

ntuGfy; kw;Wk; thly; neha;

tpij neh;j;jp

xU fpnyh tpijf;F 10 fpuhk; Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah fyit vd:w

tpfpjj;jpy; ed;F fye;J gpd;dh] tpijf;ft[k;.

taypy; ,Ljy;

xU vf;lUf;F 2.5 fpnyh Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah fyitia 50 fpnyh

ed;F kf;fpa rhz vU my;yJ kzYld; fye;J tpijg]gjw;F Kd; epyj;jpy;

,lntz;Lk;.

njhl;lf;fiy gaph;fs:

fha;fwp gaph;fs: - ehw;wGfy; kw;Wk; ehw;W fUfy;

tpij neh;j;jp

fha;fwp gaph]fshd jf;fhsp/ fj;jhp/ kpsfha;/ ghfw;fha; kw;Wk; g{rzp

gaph;fspy; njhd;Wk; ehw;wGfy; kw;Wk; ehw;W fUfy; nehiaf;

fl;Lg;gLj;Jtjw;F xU fpnyh tpijf;F 10 fpuhk; Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah

fyitia fye;J gpd;dh] tpijf;f ntz:Lk;.

kyh] -33 6

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

fha;fwpg; gaph;fs: - ntuGfy; kw;Wk; thly; neha;

xU vf;lUf;F 2.5 fpnyh Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah fyitia 50 fpnyh

ed;F kf;fpa rhz vU my;yJ kzYld; fye;J tpijg]gjw;F Kd; epyj;jpy;

,lntz;Lk;.

Kl;ilnfhR kw;Wk; fhypgpsth; - Fz:lhe;jo tPf;f nth; neha;

tpij neh;j;jp

gj;J fpuhk; Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah fyitia xU fpnyh tpija[ld:

ed;F fye;J gpd;dh] tpijf;ft[k;.

ehw;W eidj;jy;

Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah fyit 2.5 fpnyhit njitahd mst[

jz:zPhpy;; fye;J/ xU vf;lUf;Fj; njitahd ehw;Wfis me;j fyitapy;

Fiwe;jJ 30 epkplk; eidj;J gpd;dh] elntz:Lk;.

taypy; ,Ljy;

xU vf;lUf;F 2.5 fpnyh Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah fyitia 50 fpnyh

ed;F kf;fpa rhz vU my;yJ kzYld; fye;J eLtjw;F Kd; epyj;jpy;

,lntz;Lk;.

thiH - thly; kw;Wk; gH mGfy; neha;

thiHf; fd:W neh;j;jp

thiHf; fd;wpy; cs;s nth;fis mfw;wp/ fspkz: fyitapy; eidj;J

gpd:dh] me;jf; fpH';Ffspd: kPJ 10 fpuhk; Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah

fyitia bjspj;J elntz:Lk;.

taypy; ,Ljy;

xU vf;lUf;F 2.5 fpnyh Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah fyitia 50 fpnyh

ed;F kf;fpa rhz vU my;yJ kzYld: fye;J fd;W eLtjw;F Kd;

epyj;jpy; ,lntz;Lk;

bghjpa[iw Kiw

Ik;gJ kpy;yp fpuhk; Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah fyitia bghjpa[iw

my;yJ kUe;Jiwapy; epug;gp \d;W khj gaphpd; fpH';Fg] gFjpapy; 45°

nfhzj;jpy; bghjpa[iw ,L';fUtp \yk; Jisapl;L gpd:dh] Nnlhnkhdh!;

bghjpa[iwia ,l;L fspkz: bfhz;L Jisia \otpl ntz:Lk;. ,nj

nghd;W \d;W khj';fSf;F xU Kiw bra;a ntz:Lk;.

kyh] -33 7

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

thiHj; jhhpy; bjspj;jy;

0.5 rjtPj Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah fyitia filrp thiH jhh]

btspte;j gpd]dh] bjspf;ft[k;. ,nj nghd]W 30 ehl;fSf;F xU Kiw

mWtil bra;a[k; tiu bjspf;f ntz:Lk;.

khk;gHj;jpy; Md;e;j;uf;ndh!;/ gH mGfy; neha;

0.5 rjtPj Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah fyitia fha; gpoj;J 15 ehl;fs;

fHpj;J bjspf;ft[k;. ,nj nghd:W 30 ehl;fSf;F xU Kiw vd]w mstpy;

mWtil tiu bjspf;f ntz:Lk;.

ftdpf;f ntz:oait

Nnlhnkhdh!; gw;wpa gapw;rp gy;fiyf; fHfj;jpy; gaph] nehapay; Jiwapy;

njitapd; mog;gilapy; bfhLf;fg]gLfpwJ.

Nnlhnkhdh!; ghf;Ohpah fyitia kw;w g{rzf; bfhy;ypfs; kw;Wk; g{r]rp

bfhy;yp kUe;JfSld: fyj;jy; TlhJ.

,e;j ghf;Ohpah fyitia jahhpj;j ehd;F khj';fSf;Fs: gad:gLj;j

ntz:Lk;.

,e;j ghf;Ohpah fyitia kw;w caph; cu';fSld: fye;J ,lyhk;.

,e;j ghf;Ohpah rpy g{r]rpfis kl;Lnk fl;Lg]gLj;Jk;.

gad:fs]

,J xU rpf;fdkhd Kiw.

,J gaph]fspd] tsh]r]rp kw;Wk; kfNiy mjpfhpf;fr] bra;fpwJ.

,J tpij kw;Wk; kz: \yk; gut[k; g{rzj;ijf; fl;Lg;gLj;JfpwJ.

,J gaph]fspd; neha; vjph]g]g[j; jpwid mjpfhpf;fr] bra;fpwJ.

,J kz:zpYs;s fdpk bghUl;fisg] gad:gLj;jp gy kl';fhf bgUfp

brofSf;F ghJfhg]ig ePz:l fhyj;jpw;F jUfpwJ.

,J ,ju caphpd';fSf;Fk;/ njhl;lj;jpy; cs;s kz:g[Gf;fSf;Fk; jPik

tpistpg]gjpy;iy.


kyh] -33 8

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

bjd:id


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

Kl;il btz:ik epwj;jpy] cUz:ilahf ,Uf;Fk;. Kl;ilapypUe;J tsh]e;j

rpye;jpahf khWtjw;F jl;g/ btg]g epiyfisg] bghWj;J VG Kjy; xd;gJ

ehl;fshFk;. bgz :rpye;jp Rkhh] 30 Kjy; 50 Kl;ilfs; tiu ,Lk;.

thH;f;ifg; gUtk; fhyk; (ehl;fs])

Kl;il 3 ehl;fs;

Kjy; epiyg]g[G 2 ehl;fs;

,uz:lhk; epiyg]g[G 2 ehl;fs;

bkhj;j thH;f;if rhpjk; 7-9 ehl;fs;

nrjk;


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

Ng]gh] gh!:ngl; 2.0 fpnyh

bghl;lh#; 3.5 fpnyh

(mjpf mstpy; rhk;gy; rj;J mspg]gJ rpye;jp jhf;FjYf;F vjph]g]g[j;

jd;ikia cUthf;fty;yjhFk;)

ntg]gk; g[z:zhf;F 5 fpnyh

kf;fpa bjhG cuk; 50 fpnyh

Ez:qhl;lr]rj;Jf;fs]

nghuhf;!: 50 fpuhk;

$pg;rk; 1.0 fpnyh

bkf;dP#pak; ry;@ngl; 0.5 fpnyh

2. jhtu rpye;jp bfhy;ypfs:

rpye;jpia fl;Lg;gLj;j fPH;f;fz:l jhtu rpye;jp bfhy;ypfis rpW

ifj;bjspg]ghd; \yk; 45 ehl;fs; ,ilbtspapy; xd]W Kjy; MW khjf;

FUk;igfspd; nky; ed]F gLk;go/ Fiwe;jJ \d]W Kiwfs; bjspf;f

ntz:Lk;. jhtu rpye;jp bfhy;ypfis uhf;fh] kw;Wk; fhy;kpjpg]g[ bjspg]ghd:

\yKk; 30 mo tiu cauKs]s ku';fspy; bjspf;fyhk;.

jhtu rpye;jp bfhy;ypfs; bjspg]g[ Kiw

mrhouhf;od; 1 % - 5 kpy;yp 1 ypl;lh] jz:zPh] Kjy; Kiw

ntg;bgz:bza; - 30 kpy;yp 1 ypl;lh]

jz:zPh] + Oghy; xl;Lk; jputk; ,uz:lhtJ Kiw

mrhouhf;od: 1 % - 5 kpy;yp 1 ypl;lh] jz:zPh] \d;whtJ Kiw

nkny Twpa[s;s jhtu rpye;jp bfhy;ypfis rdthp Kjy; $%d; khjk; tiu

cs]s fhyj;jpy] bjspf;f ntz:Lk;. xU kuj;jpw;F xU ypl;lh] mst[

njitg]gLk;.

jhtu rpye;jp bfhy;ypfisj; bjspf;f Koahj/ caukhd bjd]id

ku';fspy; mrhouhf;od; (1 %)10 kpy;yp kUe;ij 10 kpy;yp jz:zPhpy; fye;J

nth] \yk; 45 ehl;fs; ,ilbtspapy; \d;W Kiw brYj;jp rpye;jpapd;

nrjj;ijf; fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;.

gpd:Fwpg]g[

jhtu rpye;jp bfhy;ypfis kiH ,y;yhj fhyj;jpy; bjspf;f ntz:Lk;.

fhw;W mjpfkhf ,Uf;Fk; nghJ rpye;jp bfhy;ypfisj; bjspf;ff; TlhJ.

ghJfhg]ghd ifa[iw/ fz: fz:zho kw;Wk; ftrcil mzpe;J bfhz:L

jhd; kUe;jpidj; bjspf;f ntz:Lk; ;.

jhtu rpye;jp bfhy;ypfisj; bjspj;j gpd; Kfk; kw;Wk; iffis ed;F

fGtt[k;.

rpye;jpapd; jhf;Fjy; kpf mjpfkhf ,Ue;jhy; nkYk; ,uz:L Kiw jhtu

rpye;jp bfhy;ypfisg] gad;gLj;jt[k;.

kyh] -33 11

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

nkny ghpe;Jiu bra;ag]gl;l cu']fisj; bjd;id ku';fSf;F ,Ltjd;

\yk; mtw;wpd; Cl;lr]rj;J mjpfhpj;J/ FUk;igfs; bfhl;LtJ jtph]f;fg]gl;L/

fha;f;Fk; jpwd; mjpfhpj;J kfNy; TLtjhy;/


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

vypfSk; mtw;iw fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; KiwfSk;

Kidth; F. rhkpma;ad;/ Kidth] k. fz;zd;

kw;Wk; Kidth; rh. Fj;jhyk;

ntshz; g{r;rpapay; Jiw

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h; - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz; : 0422 - 6611214

vypfs; Rkhh] \d;W nfho Mz:LfSf;F Kd;ng g{kpapy; njhd;wp

,';Fs;s NH;epiyfSf;F ed;F gHfptpl;ld. vypfs; gy;ntW

NH;epiyfisa[k; rhjfkhf;fpf; bfhz:L thGk; jd;ik bfhz:lit.

fpilf;Fk; ve;j czita[k; cz;zf; Toait. ,dg; bgUf;fj;jpy;

rpwg;g[j;jd;ik bgw;wit. tsUk; gw;fis Fiwf;f ntz;oapUg;gjhy;

vypfs; vg;nghJk; bghUl;fis foj;Jf; bfhwpj;Jf; bfhz:nlapUf;Fk;.

vypfSf;F fz: ghh;itia tpl bjhL/ nfs; kw;Wk; nkhg;g czh]r]rpfs;

kpft[k; rf;jp tha;e;jit. vypfs; Tr]rk; epiwe;jit. vija[k; Muha;e;J

nrhjpf;Fk; jd;ik bgw]wit.

vypfspdhy; cz:lhFk; nrj';fs;

bey;/ nfhJik/ kf;fhr]nrhsk;/ rpW jhdpa';fs;/ fUk;g[/ epyf;fliy/ vs;/

Nhpafhe;jp/ bjd;id/ gaW tiffs;/ gUj;jp/ fha;fwpfs;/ gHku';fs;/

fpH';F tifg] gaph]fs; Mfpa gy gaph]fisa[k; jpd;W nrjg]gLj;JfpwJ

jhdpa nrkpg]g[fspy; rpWePh]/ vr]rk; kw;Wk; Kofs; nghd;wtw;iw tpl;Lr]

bry;tjhy; kdpjh]fSf;F Rfhjhu nfL tpistpf;fpd;wd

nrkpg]g[ jhdpa';fis jpd;W mHpf;fpd;wd

nfhHpg] gz:izfspy; nfhHpfisa[k;/ Kl;ilfisa[k;/ khkprf; Tl';fspy;

khkprj;ija[k; cz:L nrjg]gLj;Jfpd;wd.

trpg;gpl';fspy; jz;zPh] FHha;fs;/ kpd;rhuf; fk;gpfs; nghd;wtw;iwf;

foj;J nrjg]gLj;Jfpd;wd

jhdpa';fs;/ czt[ jpd;gz:l';fs;/ fha;fwpfs; nghd;witfis jpd;W

mHpf;fpd;wd

muR mYtyf';fspYk;/ ghlrhiyfspYk; g[j;jf';fs; kw;Wk;

gjpntLfis mHpj;J nrjg]gLj;Jfpd;wd

vypfspd; tiffs;

ekJ ehl;oy; Ik;gJf;Fk; nkw;gl;l vyp tiffs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.

jkpHfj;jpy; tpisepy';fs;/ tPLfs; kw;Wk; jhdpa nrkpg]g[ fpl';Ffspy;

fuk;bgyp my;yJ tabyyp/ g[y;byyp/ bts;bsyp/ tay; Rz:blyp/ fy;byyp/

Fd;bdyp/ bgUr]rhsp/ tPl;blyp/ tPl;L Rz:blyp/ bjd;id vyp nghd;w Rkhh]

kyh] -33 13

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

gj;J tiffs; cs;sd. ,tw;Ws; tabyyp my;yJ fuk;bgyp/ g[y;byyp/ tay;

Rz:blyp Mfpa \tif vypfs;jhd; bew;gapiuj; jhf;fp nrjk;

tpistpf;fpd;wd.

tabyyp my;yJ fuk;bgyp

tabyyp ‘ngz:onfhl;lh' vd;w ,dj;ij nrh]e;jit. bey; tay;fspy;

tug]g[fspnyna mjpfk; thGk; jd;ik cilaJ. mjdhy; ,ij tug;bgyp

my;yJ tabyyp vd;Wk; brhy;tJz:L. tabyypapd; clk;g[ jpuz:L

gUkdhf ,Uf;Fk;. jiy rpwpaJ. Kfk; gd;wp nghd;wJ. fhJfs; bghpait.

tl;l totkhdit. fz:fs; rpwpad. thypd; ePsk; clypd; ePsj;jpw;F

xg]ghfnth my;yJ rw;W Fiwthfnth ,Uf;Fk;. KG tsh]r]rpaile;j

fuk;bgyp Rkhuhf 325 fpuhk; vil ,Uf;Fk;. fuk;bgypapd; Ma[l;fhyk; Rkhuhf

Xuhz:L ,Uf;Fk;.

g[y;byyp

g[y;byyp fuk;bgypia tpl rpwpaJ. clypd; nky; gFjp fUk;gGg;g[k;

mog;ghfk; btsph;gGg;g[ epwkhft[k; ,Uf;Fk;. clypd; kPJ Kofs;

mlh]j;jpahf ,Uf;fhJ. Mdhy; rpwpajhft[k; bkd;ikahft[k; ,Uf;Fk;.

fhJfs; tl;l totk; bfhz:lit. thypd; ePsk; KG clypd; ePsj;jpw;F

xg]ghfnth my;yJ rw;Wf; Fiwthfnth ,Uf;Fk;. ed;F tsh]e;j g[y;byyp

100 fpuhk; vil ,Uf;Fk;.

tay; Rz:blyp

tay; Rz:blyp gGg;g[ epwKilaJ. tapw;wpd; mog]gFjp bts;is

epwkhf ,Uf;Fk;. ,jd; thy; KG clk;gpd; ePsj;ijf; fhl;oYk; Fiwt[.

tay; Rz:blypapd; vil gj;J fpuhk; ,Uf;Fk;. tay; vypfspnyna ,J kpfr]

rpwpaJ. ,J ed;whf ePe;jf; ToaJ. ,jd; tis Kg]gJ brd;o kPl;lh; ePsk;

,Uf;Fk;.

bts;bsyp

bts;bsypapd; clypd; nky; gFjp rw;nw gGg;g[ my;yJ khd;

epwj;jpypUf;Fk;. tapw;wpd; mog]gFjp btz:ikahf ,Uf;Fk;. KG clypd;

ePsj;ijtpl thypd; ePsk; mjpfk;. thypd; Edpapy; rpW F";rk; nghd;w kaph]

fw;iw ,Uf;Fk;. bts;bsypapd; fz:fs; kw;w vypfspd; fz:fistpl kpfg;

bghpait/ cUz;ilahdit. fhy;fs; btz:ikahf ,Uf;Fk;. ed;F tsh]e;j

bts;bsyp 150 fpuhk; vil ,Uf;Fk;. fpuhkg]g[w';fspy; rpyh] bts;bsypia

rhg]gpLtJk; cz;L. bts;bsyp Mz:L KGtJk; Fl;onghLk;. rpid gUtk;

xU khjk;. xt;bthU Kiwa[k; xd;gJ Fl;ofs; tiu nghLk].

kyh] -33 14

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

tPl;blyp

tPl;blyp Tiufspy; fhzg]gLtjhy; Tiu vyp vdt[k; brhy;tJz:L.

,J rhk;gy; my;yJ fUg]g[ epwkhf ,Uf;Fk;. Kfk; Th]ikahdJ. ,jd;

fz:fs; rpwpait. fhJfs; bghpait. fhJfspd; kPJ xU rpy Kofs; ,Uf;Fk;.

mo tapw;wpd; kPJs;s Kofs; fUepwj;jpYk;/ Kulhft[k; ,Uf;Fk;. thy;

fUg]ghft[k;/ KG clypd; ePsj;jpw;F xg;ghft[k; ,Uf;Fk;. KG tsh]r]rp bgw;w

tPl;blyp 200 fpuhk; vila[s;sJ. tPl;blypapd; Ma[l;fhyk; ,uz:L

Mz:Lfs;. ,jd; tis rhjhuzkhf Rth]fspy; cs;s bghe;JfspYk;/ rpy

neu';fspy; jiuapYk; ,Uf;Fk;.

tPl;Lr; Rz:blyp

,J gGg;g[ epwKilaJ. clypd; nky; rpwpa kpUJthd Kofs;

epiwe;jpUf;Fk;. mog]gFjp bts;is my;yJ rhk;gy; epwKilaJ. fhJfs;

tl;l totk; bfhz:lit. KG clypd; ePsj;ijf; fhl;oYk; thy; mjpf

ePskhdJ. KG tsh]r]rp bgw;w Rz;blyp 35 fpuhk; vil ,Uf;Fk;.

bgUr;rhsp

ek; ehl;oy; thGk; vypfspnyna kpfg]bghpaJ bgUr;rhsp. kpft[k;

Kul;Lj;jd;ik bfhz:lJ. ,jd; jiy bghpaJ. Kfk; Th]ikahdJ. ePz;l

kPir bfhz:lJ. fhJfs; rpwpait. tl;lkhdit. bts;isg; g[Ut';fs;

bfhz:lJ. fz:fs; rpwpait. clypd; kPJ joj;j Kulhd njhYk;/ KofSk;

bfhz:lJ. ,jd; vil xU fpnyht[f;Fk; nky; ,Uf;Fk;. gpd;d';fhy;fistpl

Kd;d';fhy;fs; rpwpait.

rhf;fil vyp

,jw;F fg;gy; vyp/ ehh]nt vyp/ gGg]g[ vyp vd;w kw;w bgah]fSk; cz:L.

bgUk;ghYk; JiwKf efu';fspy; ,it fhzg;gLk;. ,jd; cly;

kpUJthdJ. nky;g[wk; gGg]g[ epwk; bfhz:lJ. mfd;w jl;ilahd Kfk;

bfhz:lJ. KG clypd; ePsj;ijtpl thypd; ePsk; FiwthdJ. fhJfs;

rpwpait. mlh]e;j Kofs; bfhz:lit. tsh]e;j vyp 330 fpuhk; vil ,Uf;Fk;.

Ma[s; fhyk; Xuhz:L ePof;Fk;.

bjd;id ku vyp

,e;j vypapd; cly; nkw;gFjp bre;epwkhfnth gGg]g[ fye;j k";rs;

epwkhfnth ,Uf;Fk;. mo tapw;Wg;gFjp bts;isahf ,Uf;Fk;. ,e;j vyp

ku cr]rpapy; gwitfs; nghd;W TL fl;o thGk;. bjd;idku';fspy;

FWk;igfisf; foj;J cjpur] bra;a[k;. ,sePh] gUtj;jpy; foj;J ePiuf; Foj;J

fha;fisg] ghH;gLj;jp/ cjpur]bra;a[k;.

kyh] -33 15

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

nkhg;g czh;t[

vypfs; jhd; bry;Yk; tHpapy; cs;s midj;Jg] bghUl;fs; kw;Wk;

mjd; tifiar] nrh]e;j kw;w vypfisa[k;/ ,dtpUj;jpf;F cfe;j

vypfisa[k; jd;nkhg;g czh;tpdhy; kpf vspjpy; mwpe;J bfhs;Sk;

jd;ika[ilaJ. gytpj Rug;gpfspd; \yk; Ruf;fg;gLk; ntjpg;

bghUl;fspdhy; vspjpy; kw;w bghUl;fis mwpe;J bfhs;fpwJ. ,e;j

thrid bghUl;fis ,df; fth]r]rp ntjpg; bghUl;fs; my;yJ gpunkhd;

(Pheromone) vd;W TWth;.

xyp czh;t[

vypfSk;/ vypf; Fl;ofSk; nfl;ff; Toa xypiaa[k; kw;Wk;

myl;uhnrhdpf; xypiaa[k; vGg]gf; Toaitahf cs;sd. vypfspDila

btspg]g[wj; njhypDila btg]g epiy tHf;fj;jpw;F khwhf Fiwa[k;

bghGJk; my;yJ grpahf ,Uf;Fk; bghGJk; mitfshy; xyp vGg;g

Kotjpy;iy. ed;F tsh;e;j vyp nfl;ff; Toa xyp czh]t[fSld; gy

tpjkhd njhw;w';fisa[k;/ iriffisa[k; btspg]gLj;Jfpd;wd.

tis njhz:Ljy;

vy;yh tif tay; vypfSk; tis njhz;o mjpy; thGk; jd;ikia

,aw;ifahf bgw;W ,Uf;fpd;wd. tis njhz:Lk; ,lk;/ tpjk; kw;Wk;

mikg;g[ nghd;wit xt;bthU tif vypf;Fk; Fwpg]gplj;jf;fitahf

mike;jpUf;Fk;.

ngz:of;nfhl;lh tifapDila vyp tisfs; 44 Kjy; 520 br.kP.

ePsKk; 23 Kjy; 115 br.kP. MHKk;/ 8 Kjy; 15 br.kP. tiu tpl;lKk;

bfhz:oUf;Fk;. xt;bthU tisf;Fk; 1 Kjy; 4 tiuapyhd jiukl;l jpwt[

thry;fs; ,Uf;Fk;. tisfs; bgUk;ghYk; 2 Kjy; 15 gFjpfshf

gphpf;fg;gl;oUf;Fk;. xt;bthU gFjpf;Fk; cs;s ,ilbtsp ruhrhpahf 100

br.kP. ,Uf;Fk;. bgUk;ghYk; ,e;j vypfspd; tisfs; tPLfs; kw;Wk; jhdpa

nrkpg]g[f; fpl';Ffspd; gpd;g[wKk;/ jLg]g[r] Rth] mUfhikapYk;/ tay;fspd;

tug]g[fspYk; fhzKofpwJ.

jhdpag; gJf;fy;

czt[g] bghUl;fs; tUlk; KGtJk; fpilf;fhj NH;epiy gFjpfspy;

bgUk;ghyhd vyp tiffs; jhdpa czt[ tiffis jhd; njhz:Lk;

tisfspDs; gJf;fp itf;Fk; gHf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jp gpd;gw;wp tUfpd;wd.

,e;jpahtpy; fhzg]gLk; vyp tiffspy; ngz:of;nfhl;lh vyp tiffs;

jhdpa';fis mjpfkhfg] gJf;fp itf;fpwJ.

kyh] -33 16

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

vyp bfhy;ypfs;

rp';f; gh!;igL

rp';f; gh!:igL gy Mz:Lfshf 47 : 2 : 1 (mhprpbghwp : rp';f; gh!:igL :

1% nj';fha; vz;bza;) vyp bfhy;ypahf gad;gLj;jg]gl;L tUfpwJ. fUik

epwJ}shf g{z:L thrida[ld; ,Uf;Fk;. tay; vypfisf; bfhy;tjw;F

,uz:L rjtPj tp# czthf cgnahfg]gLj;jg;gl;L tUfpwJ. tp#

cznthL brd;W ,iug;igia mile;j rp';f; gh!:igL m';Fs;s

iQl;nuhFnshhpf; mkpyj;njhL tpidg[hpe;J gh!:gpd; vd;w tha[it

btspapLfpwJ. ,e;j tha[ euk;g[fisj; jhf;fp kuzj;ij cz:lhf;FfpwJ.

mjdhy; vypfs; ,e;j kUe;ij cl;bfhz:lt[ld; ,we;J tpLfpd;wd.

er;Rzt[f; Tr;rk;

,aw;ifahfnt vypfs; er]Rztpw;F Tr]rj;jd;ik bfhz:Ls;sJ. tp#

czit xnu xU jlit cz:l mDgtk;/ me;jtif czt[fis kPz;Lk;

xJf;fptpLk;. ,e;j czh]t[ kpft[k; rf;jp tha;e;jJ kw;Wk; gy khj';fSf;F

mHpahJ. ,e;j er]R Tr]rj; jd;ik xt;bthU tif cztpw;Fk; Fwpg]gpl;l

xd;whFk;. ek; ehl;oy; bgUk;ghyhd vyp tiffs; midj;Jk; ehk; mjpkhf

gad;gLj;Jk; rp';f; gh!:igl; kUe;jpw;F er]Rf; Tr]rj; jd;ikia Vw;gLj;jpf;

bfhz:Ls;sd. er]Rf; Tr]rj; jd;ikia nghf;Ftjw;F ‘g;hpigl;o';'

(Pre-biting)Kiwia gpd;gw;w ntz:Lk;. mjhtJ 2/ 3 ehl;fSf;F kUe;jpy;yhj

czit itj;J vypia fth]e;j gpwF tp# kUe;J czit itf;f ntz;Lk;.

,Jnt ‘g;hpigl;o';' vdg;gLk;. rpy neu';fspy; tp# cztpy; gytifahd

jhdpa';fis nrh]g]gjdhYk; er]Rf; Tr]rj;ijg] nghf;f Koa[k; my;yJ g[jpa

cztpy; g[jpa tp# kUe;ij nrh]j;J g]hpigl;o'; bra;J vypfSf;F ,l

ntz:Lk;.

thh;@ghpd;

thh]@ghpd; kUe;J 19 : 1(mhprpg;bghwp:thh]@ghpd;)vd;w rjtPj tPhpaj;Jld;

fyf;fg]gl;L tp# czthf jahh; bra;J mspj;J vypfisf; bfhy;y

gad;gLj;jg;gl;L tUfpwJ. thh;@ghpd; kUe;J ,uj;jj;ij ciwa bra;ahj

jd;ik bfhz:oUg;gjhy;/ ,uj;j ehs';fspypUe;J ,uj;j cs;frpt[ Vw]gl;L

vypfs; ,wf;fpd;wd. vypfis Kw;wpYk; mHpg]gjw;F/ rpy ehl;fspy; Fiwe;j

gl;rk; ehd;ife;J jlitahtJ mhprpg] bghwpapy; thh]@ghpd; kUe;J mspf;f

ntz;Lk;.

g[nuhnkhilanyhd;

xU Kiw rhg;gpl;lhny vypfis kl;Lk; bfhy;Yk; ,uj;jk; ciwahj;

jd;ik bfhz:l (Mz;onfhahFyz:L) g[jpa tif vyp kUe;J

g[nuhnkhilanyhd; MFk;. ,e;j kUe;J kw;w caphpd';fSf;F ve;j ghjpg]g[k;

kyh] -33 17

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

Vw;gLj;jhky; vypfis kl;Lk; bfhy;Yk; msthd 0.005 rjtPj tPhpaj;Jld;

tpw;gidapy; cs;sJ.

vyp kUe;jpy;yhj kw;w Kiwfs;

j";rht{h; vyp fpl;ofs;

j";ir khtl;lj;jpYk; kw;Wk; rpy khtl;l';fspYk; tay;fspy; \';fpy;

fpl;ofis itj;J vypfisg] gpog]gJ gHf;fj;jpypUe;J tUfpwJ. xU

Vf;fUf;F Rkhh] 20 Kjy; 30 \';fpy; fpl;ofs; njitg]gLk;.

KJF xof;Fk; bghwp

,e;jg] bghwpapy; czit cz:ztUk; vyp/ xU rpwpa bfhf;fpia

mirg]gjhy;/ tpirapypUe;J tpLgLk; tpir kpf;f fk;gp vypapd; fGj;Jg]

gFjpapnyh my;yJ KJfpnyh ntfkhfj; jhf;fp bfhd;W tpLk;.

tpe;ijg; bghwp

tpe;ijg; bghwp \yKk; vypfis tay;fspYk; tPLfspYk; capUld;

gpoj;J mHpf;fyhk;. ,e;jg; bghwp Tz;oy; fth]r]rpahd czit itj;J

,utpy; tay;fspy; itj;jhy; vypfs; cs;ns brd;wt[ld; Kd; fjt[ fPnH

mGe;jg;gLtjhy; mfg]gl;Lf; bfhs;Sk;. btspapy; tu fjt[ jpwf;fhJ. ,jd;

\yk; xU ehspy; 5-10 vypfis vspjpy; gpoj;J mHpj;Jtpl Koa[k;.

rpW tug;g[fs; mikj;jy;

vypfisf; fl;Lg]gLj;j tay;fspy; rpW tug;g[f;fis mjhtJ 3/4 mo

mfyKk; 1/2 mo cauKk; cs;s gug]g[fs; mikf;f ntz:Lk;. ,jdhy;

vypfs; tis njhz:o gug]g[fspy; thH;tJk;/ gaph]fis mHpg;gJk; bghpJk;

jLf;fg;gLfpwJ.

tug;g[fis btl;og; gpoj;jy;

vyp tisfs; tay;tug;g[fspy; mjpfk; fhzg]gLk;. bghJthf bey;

mWtil rkaj;jpy; vypfs; Fl;o nghl;Lg] bgUFk;. ,r]rkak; tug]g[fis

btl;odhy; vypfisa[k; mtw;wpd; Fl;ofisa[k; gpof;fyhk;.

vypiaf; bfhy;Yk; tpy';fpd';fs;

khkprg]gl;rpfshd Me;ij/ fGF/ nfhl;lhd;/ ghk;g[/ fhl;Lg] g{id/ eha;/

fPhpg]gps;is/ gUe;J Kjypad vypfis bfhd;W cz:fpd;wd. fhl;Lg]

g{idfSk;/ rpWfhJ Me;ijfSk; vypfis mHpg]gjpy; rpy NHy;fspy;

Kf;fpag]g';F tfpf;fpd;wd. Vbddpy; ,it ,uz:Lnk vypfs; elkhLk; ,ut[

neu';fspy; jhd; mjpfkhf elkhLfpd;wd. g[s;spf; nfhl;lhd; tif/

Rz:blypfs; rpwpajhf ,Ug;gjhy; kpf mjpfkhf gpoj;J cz;fpd;wd.


kyh] -33 18

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

g{r;rpfshy; gug;gg;gLk; gaph; neha;fSk; mjd;

nkyhz;ik KiwfSk;

Kidth; rp. tp$auhftd; kw;Wk; Kidth; k.fz;zd;

ntshz; g{r;rpapay;Jiw

ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h;- 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz; : 0422 - 6611214

g{r]rpfs; brofis cz;gnjhL epWj;jpf; bfhs;shky; rpy er]Raphp

(itu!;)/ ikf;nfhgpsh!;kh nghd;w neha;fpUkpfisa[k; gug;g[fpd;wd.

neha[s;s brofspy; neha;fpUkpfisa[k; nrh]j;J cl;bfhz;L gpd;dh]

nehaw;w brofspy; vr;rpYld; fye;J fpUkpfisg; gug;g[fpwJ.

bgUk;ghd;ikahd er]RaphpfSk; ikf;nfhgpsh!;khf;fSk; gaph] neha;fis

gug]g[tjw;F g{r]rpfisna rhh]e;Js;sd. mRtpzp/ jj;Jg]g{r]rpfs;/ bts;is


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

brd;W rhw;iw cwp";rpdhy; kl;Lnk er]Raphp gut[k;. Fwpg]gpl;l neuj;ij

jhz;odhy; er]Raphpahy; ntW brofSf;F ghjpg]ig Vw;gLj;j KoahJ.

nkYk; g{r]rp njhYhpj;J tpl;lhy; er]Raphp gut[tjw;F tha;g]ng ,y;iy.

,uz;lhk; tif (RHy; tif er;Raphp)

g{r]rpfs; rhw;iw cwp";Rk; nghJ tapw;Wf;Fs; bry;Yk; er]Raphpfs;

,uj;jk; kw;Wk; ckpH;ePh] Rug]gpfSf;F brd;W rpwpJ neuk; my;yJ rpy ehl;fs;

tiu g{r]rpapd; clk;gpw;Fs;nsna ,Uf;Fk;. er]Raphpfs; gy;fpg] bgUfhJ.

gpd;g[ Fwpg;gpl;l fhyj;jpw;F gpwF g{r]rpfs; ntW broapid jhf;Fk; nghJ

cwp";Rf;FHy; tHpahf ckpH;ePUld; fye;J brofSf;Fg] gut[k;.

,t;tifapy; gut[k; er]Raphpfs; rpy ehl;fs; tiu kl;Lnk g{r]rpfs; clypy;

,Uf;Fk;. ,t;tif er]Raphpfs; mRtpzp \yk; ghjpg]ig Vw;gLj;Jk;.

\d;whk; tif (gy;fpg]bgUFk; er;Raphp)

g{r]rpfspd; tapw;Wf;Fs; bry;Yk; er]Raphpfs; Fwpg]gpl;l ehl;fspy; gy;fpg]

bgUFk;. nehia gug;gf;Toa mst[f;F er;Raphpfs; bgUfpat[ld; ckpH;

ePUld; fye;J ntW brofSf;F gutp nehia njhw;Wtpf;Fk;. ,t;tif

er]Raphpfs; jj;Jg]g{r]rpfs; kw;Wk; mRtpzp \yk; gut[fpwJ.

g{r;rpfshy; gug;gg;gLk; gaph; neha;fs;

1. mRtpzp

gr]ir mRtpzp - fUk;g[/ g{rzp/ cUisfpH';F njky; neha;

thiH mRtpzp - thiH Kof;bfhj;J neha;

gUj;jp mRtpzp - gg]ghsp/ kpsfha;/ g{rzp njky; neha;

mtiu mRtpzp - jl;ilg]gaW njky;neha;/ cSe;J kyl;Lj; njky;

neha;/ epyf;fliy nuhrl;o neha;

2. jj;Jg;g{r;rpfs;

bey; gr]irj;jj;Jg;g{r]rp - k";rs; Fl;il kw;Wk; J';nuh er]Raphp neha;fs;

g[ifahd; g{r]rp - bey;ypy; g[y;Fl;il neha;

fj;jhp jj;Jg]g{r]rp - fj;jhp rpw;wpiy neha;

vs; jj;Jg]g{r]rp - vs; gr]ir ,iy neha;

3. bts;is <

btz;il euk;g[ btSj;jy;/ jf;fhsp/ g[ifapiy/ gg]ghsp kw;Wk; gUj;jp

,iyr; RUs; neha;/ kuts;sp kw;Wk; gaW tiffspy; njky; neha;.

kyh] -33 20

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

4. kht[g;g{r;rp

fUk;g[ kht[g]g{r]rp - fUk;g[ !;igf; neha;

5. ,iyg;ngd;

jphpg;!; lghrp - jf;fhsp g[s;spthly; neha;

@g;uhd;fpbey;yh !;Fy;l;rp - epyf;fliy bkhl;L rpWj;jy; neha;

6. gaph;rpye;jp

br";rpye;jp - cUisf;fpH';F ,iy euk;g[ fUj;jy; neha;

Jtiurpye;jp - Jtiu kyl;Lj; njky; neha;

fUk;g[ rpye;jp - fUk;g[ nfhL neha;

mwpFwpfs;

g{r]rpfs; \yk; er]Raphpfs; gaph;fspy; gug;gg;gl;lt[ld; mitfs;

,iyfspy; cs;s gr]irak; cw;gj;jpia Fiwf;fpwJ. ,jdhy; ,iyfs;

gr;irak; mw;W btSj;Jf; fhzg;gLk;. k";rs; tz;zj;jpYk;/ gGg]g[

epwj;jpYk; njky; nghd;W fhzg;gLk;. rpyrkak; rptg]g[ epwkhft[k; ,iyfs;

khwptpLk;.

euk;g[fs; btSj;Jk;/ nfhLfs;/ g[s;spfSlDk; fhzg]gLk;. rpy

,l';fspy; jpRf;fs; ,we;JtpLk;. nkYk; ,iyfs; rpWj;Jk; cUkhw;wk;

bgw;Wk; fhzg;gLk;. ,iyfs; RUz;Lk;/ Fil nghd;W tise;Jk;

fhzg]gLk;. rpyrkak; gaphpd; tsh]r]rp ghjpj;J Fl;ilahff; fhzg]gLk;.

rpyrkak; kyh]fs; kyl;Lj;jd;ika[s;s kyh;fshf khwptpLk;.

fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

bey;

bey;ypy; tUk; J';nuh nehia fl;Lg]gLj;j elt[ bra;j 15 kw;Wk; 30tJ

ehspy; nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; 36 lg[s;a{.v!;.rp (1000 kp.yp. / vf;lh])/

my;yJ gh!;nghkplhd; 85 lg[s;a{.v!;.rp (500 kp.yp. / vf;lh]) my;yJ

bgd;jpahd; 100 ,rp (500 kp.yp. / vf;lh]) g{r]rp bfhy;ypiaj; bjspf;f

ntz;Lk;.

bey; mWtil bra;jgpd; v";rpa jhH;fis cHt[ bra;tjd;\yk; k";rs;

Fl;il neha; fhuzpfis mHpj;J mLj;j gl;lj;jpw;Fg] guthky; jLf;fyhk;.

gaW tiffs;

neha[w;w brofis Muk;g fl;lj;jpnyna gpL';fp mHpf]f ntz;Lk;.

kyh] -33 21

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; (500 kp.yp./ vf;lh]) my;yJ kPj;ijy; blkl;lhd; (500

kp.yp. / vf;lh]) g{r]rpbfhy;ypia 15 ehs; ,ilbtspapy; ,uz;L Kiw bjspf;f

ntz;Lk;.

vz;bza; tpj;Jf;fs;

vs; gr]ir rpw;wpiy nehia fl;Lg;gLj;j vs;Sld; Jtiu gapiu 6:1 vd;w

tpfpjj;jpy; gaphpl;lhy; ,jd; jhf;fj;ijf; Fiwf;fyhk;.

g[ifapiy

g[ifapiyapy; njhd;Wk; nehia fl;Lg;gLj;j 1 rjtPj fhfpjg;g{ ,iy

rhw;iw \d;W Kiw xU thu ,ilbtspapy; bjspf;fyhk;. kPj;ijy;

blkl;lhd; g{r]rpbfhy;ypia 10 ehs; ,ilbtspapy; bjspf]f ntz;Lk;.

jf;fhsp

jf;fhsp g[s;sp thly; nehia vz;nlhry;ghd; 35 ,rp (1.5 kp.yp. / ypl;lh])

g{r]rpbfhy;ypia elt[ bra;j 25, 40 kw;Wk; 55tJ ehl;fspy; bjspf;f

ntz;Lk;.

fj;jhp

fj;jhp rpw;wpiy neha; fz;l brofis Muk;gfl;lj;jpnyna gpL';fp mHpf;f

ntz;Lk;. kPj;ijy; blkl;lhd; 25 ,rp (2 kp.yp. / ypl;lh]) my;yJ

ilbkj;njhnal; 30 ,rp (2 kp.yp. / ypl;lh]) g{r]rpbfhy;ypiaj; bjspj;J

fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;.

kpsfha;

kpsfhapy; Vw;gLk; njky; nehia fl;Lg]gLj;j xt;bthU Ie;J thpirf;Fk;

,uz;L thpir nrhsk; my;yJ kf;fhr]nrhsg]gapiu gaphpl;L jhf;fj;ijf;

Fiwf;fyhk;. nkYk; kPj;ijy; blkl;lhd; 25 ,rp (2 kp.yp. / ypl;lh]) my;yJ

ghrnyhd; 35 ,rp (2 kp.yp. / ypl;lUf;F) g{r]rpbfhy;ypiaj; bjspj;Jf;

fl;Lg;gLj;jyhk;.

thiH Kof;bfhj;J neha;

gh!;nghkplhd; (2 kp.yp. / ypl;lh]) my;yJ kPj;ijy; blkl;lhd; (2kp.yp./

ypl;lh]) my;yJ nkhndhFnuhnlhgh!; (1 kp.yp. /ypl;lh]) my;yJ

ilbkj;njhnal; (2 kp.yp. / ypl;lh]) vDk; g{r]rpbfhy;ypia thiH ku

jiyg;gFjp ed;F eida[k;goa[k; jz;L kw;Wk; mog;gFjpapYk; 21

ehl;fSf;bfhUKiw bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

(my;yJ)

nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; g{r]rpbfhy;ypia 1 kp.yp. vd;w mstpy; ehd;F kp.yp.

jz;zPhpy; fye;J 45 ehl;fs; ,ilbtspapy; \d;whk; khjj;jpypUe;J g{f;Fk;

tiu Crp \yk; brYj;jp fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;.


kyh] -33 22

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

fha;fwpfspy; v";rpa e";rpid ePf;Ftjw;fhd

fhuzpfis Ma;e;jwpjy;

R. re;jpunrfud;/ ,uh. n$hjpkzp kw;Wk; rh. Fj;jhyk;

ntshz; g{r;rpapay; Jiw

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg] gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h; - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz; : 0422 - 6611214

bgUfp tUk; kf;fl;bjhiff;F Vw;g ehk; czt[ cw;gj;jpiag] bgUf;f

ntz;Lk;. jw;nghJ tptrhaj;jpw;bfd cs;s epy';fspd; mst[ Fiwe;J

tUtjhy; tptrhapfs; jPtpu rhFgo Kiwfis gpd;gw;Wfpd;wdh]. nkYk;/

efh]g[wj;ij xl;o fha;fwpfSf;F mjpf tpiy fpilg]gjhy; cHth]fs; fj;jhp/

btz;il/ Kl;ilnfhR kw;Wk; fhypgpsth] nghd;w fha;fwpfis mjpf

mstpy; gaphpLfpd;wdh;. mtw;wpy; g{r]rpfspd; jhf;Fjy; mjpf mstpy;

cs;sjhy; mtw;iwf] fl;Lg;gLj;j ,urhad g{r]rpbfhy;ypfis mjpfk;

gad;gLj;Jfpd;wdh]. nkYk;/ kUe;J bjspg]gjw;Fk; mWtilf;Fk; ,ilna

Fiwe;j ,ilbtspiaf; filgpof;fpd;wdh;. Mjyhy; v";rpa e";R

fha;fwpfspy; ,Ug;gjw;fhd rhj;jpaf;TW cs;sJ. mtw;iw cl;bfhs;Sk;

nghJ kdpj cly; eyj;jpw;F nfL tpistpf;Fk; mghak; cs;sJ. mjdhy;

jw;nghJ kf;fspilna tpHpg;g[zh]t[ Toa[s;sJ. vdnt/ ,aw;if tptrha

Kiwapy; tpise;j czt[g] bghUl;fisna cl;bfhs;s tpUk;g[fpd;wdh].

Mdhy;/ tpiy mjpfkhf cs;sjhy; eLj;ju kf;fs; th';fp gad;gLj;JtJ

vl;lhf;fdpahf cs;sJ. vdnt/ re;ijapy; fpilf;Fk; fha;fwpfspypUe;J

e";rpid ePf;Fjy; mtrpak;. fle;j Mz;Lfspy; fha;fwp khjphpfs; vLj;J

v";rpa e";rpid Ma;t[f; Tlj;jpy; Muha;e;j bghGJ/ khjphpfspy;

g{r]rpbfhy;ypfspd; v";rpa e";R ,Ug;gJ fz;lwpag;gl;lJ. ,Ug;gpDk;/

e";rpd; mst[ tiuaWf;fg]gl;l mstpw;Ff; Fiwthfj;jhd; ,Ue;jJ. Vida

khjphpfspy; e";rpd; mst[ fzf;fplg]gl Koahj mstpw;Ff; fPnHjhd;

fhzg]gl;lJ.

v";rpa e";rpid ePf;Ftjw;fhf rpy ntjpf;fhuzpfs; (mkpyk;/ tpdpfh]/

rikay; nrhlh) bfhz;L czt[g] bghUl;fis fGt[tjd; \yk; v";rpa

e";rpd; mstpidf; Fiwf;fyhk;. nkYk;/ ek; jha;khh]fs; ehs;njhWk;

rikay; Tlj;jpy; cgnahfpf;Fk; rpy fhuzpfs; (cg]g[/ g[sp) kw;Wk;

rikf;Fk; Kiwfs; (Mtpapy; ntfitj;jy;) \yk; czt[g] bghUl;fspy;

v";rpa e";rpd; mst[ Fiwf;fg]gLfpwjh vd;W Ma;t[f; Tlj;jpy; Muha;r]rp

nkw;bfhs;sg]gl;lJ. mjpy; ePhpy; fha;fwpfis fGt[tjd; \yk; 40 tpGf;fhL

tiu v";rpa e";rpd; mst[ FiwfpwJ. nkYk;/ ,U tpGf;fhL cth] ePh] kw;Wk;

kyh] -33 23

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

g[spf; fiury; (mjhtJ 20 fpuhk; g[sp my;yJ fy; cg;ig xU ypl;lh] jz;zPh]

vd;w mstpy; fyitePh]) jahhpj;J fGt[tjd; \yk; 52 tpGf;fhL tiu

v";rpa e";rpid ePf;fyhk; vd Muha;r]rpapy; fz;lwpag]gl;lJ. nkYk;/

,t;thW fGtpa fha;fwpfis Mtpapy; ntfitf;Fk; bghGJ 60 tpGf;fhL

tiu v";rpa e";R FiwfpwJ. ,Jnghd;W fha;fwpfis rhjhuz Kiwapy;

ePhpy; fGt[tjhYk;/ gpd;g[ ntfitj;J cz;gjhYk; g{r]rpbfhy;ypapd; v";rpa

e";rpid ePf;fp clYf;F nfL tpisahjgo fha;fwpfis gakpd;wp

cl;bfhs;syhk; vd Ma;tpd; \yk; fz;lwpag]gl;Ls;sJ.


gaW tif jhdpa';fis nrkpf;Fk; nghJ gaW

tz;Lfs; ,Lk; Kl;ilfis mfw;w g[jpa

cgfuzk;

(fhg]g[hpik vz; 198434/ ehs; 10.07.2002)

Kidth; r. nkhfd;

ntshz: g{r;rpapay; Jiw

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg] gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h] - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz: : 0422 - 6611214

ek; ehl;oy; gaW tif jhdpa';fis nrkpf;Fk; nghJ gaW

tz;Lfs; (Pulse beetle) bgUk; ,ila{whf cs;sd. ,t;tz;Lfs;

nrkpf;f Jt';Fk; fhyj;jpy; Fiwe;j msnt fhzg]gl;lhYk; mitfs;

,Lk; Kl;ilfs; gy kl';F g{r]rpfshfg] bgUfp tpij nrkpg]gpy; gyj;j

nrjj;ij tpistpf;fpd;wd. tz;Lfs; Kl;ilfis tpijfnshL

ed;whf nfhe;J nghd;w jput bghUs;fshy; xl;o tpLtjhy; mitfisf;

fl;Lg]gLj;j Kotjpy;iy. nkYk; Rkhh] Ie;J ehl;fSf;Fs; xU jha;

tz;L Rkhh] 90-100 Kl;ilfis jhdpaj;jpy; ,Lfpd;wd.

,t;tz;Lfs; ,Lk; Kl;ilfis tpijfSf;F ghjfk; ,y;yhky;

mHpf;f jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk; fz;Lgpoj;j g[jpa

cgfuzj;jpw;F ,e;jpa fhg;g[hpik (Patent) fpilj;Js;sJ. ,J

gy;fiyf; fHfj;jpw;F fpilj;Js;s Kjy; fhg]g[hpikahFk;. g{r]rpfspd;

Kl;ilfis mfw;Wk; ,f;fUtp nghd;W vJt[k; ,Jtiu fz;L

gpof;fg]gltpy;iy vd;gJ Fwpg]gplj;jf;fJ.

jhdpak; kw;Wk; tpij nrkpg]gpy; g{r]rpfshy; Vw;gLk; gpur]ridfis

rkhspf;f ,f;fz;Lgpog]g[ Xh] mwpa rhjidahFk;.

kyh] -33 24

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

gaph; E}w;g[Gf;fSk; bghUshjhu nrj epiya[k; -

xU fz;nzhl;lk;

Kidth] kh.rptFkhh]

E}w;g[Gtpay; Jiw

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;/ nfhak;g[j;J}h; - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz; : 0422 - 6611264

jhtu';fspy; g{r]rp kw;Wk; neha; jhf;Fjy;fSf;F mLj;jgoahf

bghUshjhu nrjj;ij Vw;gLj;j ty;yit gaph] E}w;g[Gf;fshFk;. E}y; nghd;w

bky;ypa clyikg;igf; bfhz;ljhy; ,it ,g;bgah; bgw;wd. ,it

fz;qf;Fg; g[yg;glhjthW cUtj;jpy; kpfr; rpwpait. ,it kz;zpilg;

gFjpfspy; cs;s bky;ypa ePh]g]glyj;jpy; ,Ue;J bfhz;L nthpidj; jk;

Twpa myfpdhy; Jisj;J gaphpd;rhw;iw cz;L thGk;. ,jd; fhuzkhf

nthpDs; gy ntjpapay; khw;w';fs; epfH;e;J nth]g]ghf';fs; mGfpa[k;/

nthpy; rpWJk; bghpJkhd vz;zw;w nth] Kor]Rf;fs; njhd;wpa[k; gaphpd;

tsh]r]rp Fd;wp kfNy; ,Hg]g[ Vw;gLfpd;wJ.

E}w;g[Gf;fspdhy; Vw;gLk; ghjpg]gpid cHth]fs; neuoahf mwpe;J

bfhs;s Kotjpy;iy. bgUthhpahd cHth]fs;/ gaphpd; mGfpa gFjpfspy;

njhd;Wk; fz;qf;Fg] g[yg]gLk; g[Gf;fis E}w;g[Gf;fs; vdj; jtwhf vz;zp

tpLfpd;wdh].vdnt E}w;g[Gf;fspd; tif gw;wpa[k; mit Vw;gLj;Jk;

mwpFwpfs; gw;wpa[k; mwpe;J bfhs;tJ kpft[k; mtrpak;.

E}w;g[Gf;fspy; gy tiffs; cz;L vd;whYk; nth]Kor]R E}w;g[G/

bkhr]ir tot E}w;g[G/ Kl;ilfhg]g[f; TL E}w;g[G/ nth]Jisg]ghd; E}w;g[G

kw;Wk; vYkpr]ir E}w;g[G nghd;wit gaphpy; mjpf kfNy; ,Hg]gpid

Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd.

E}w;g[[Gf;fspd; jhf;fj;ij mwptJ vt;thW ?

E}w;g[Gf;fs; gaph]fspy; Vw;gLj;Jk; mwpFwpfspy; Xhpuz;ilj;jtpu

kw;wit/ Cl;lr]rj;jpd; Fiwghl;odhy; Vw;gLk; mwpFwpfisg] nghd;W

bghJthd mwpFwpfSld; fhzg]gLk;. ,tw;iw kz; ghpnrhjidfs; \yk;

kl;Lnk mwpa ,aYk;.

tsh;r;rp Fd;Wjy;

taypy; tsh]r]rp Fd;wpa gutyhd jpl;Lf;fs; M';;fh';nf fhzg]gLk;.

gfy; thl;lk;

,J nth]Kor]R njhd;Wk; xU Kf;fpakhd mwpFwpahFk;. kz;zpy;

nghJkhd


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

kw;w mwpFwpfs;

jhf;fg]gl;l broapd; ,iyfs; btsph] k";rs; epwkhfp/ ,ilf;fqg]gFjp

rpWj;J ,iyfs; bfhj;J nghd;w njhw;wj;Jld; fhzg;gLk;. g{f;fspd;

vz;zpf;if Fiwe;Jk;/ cUthFk; g{f;fs; bfhl;o tpLtjhYk; kfNy;

,Hg]g[ Vw;gLfpwJ.

nthpy; mwpFwpfs;

nthpy; nth]Kor]R E}w;g[Gf;fshy; rpwpJk; bghpJkhd xG';fw;w

Kor]Rf;fs; njhd;Wk;.mtiu ,dg; gaph]fspy; njhd;Wk; ghf;Ohpah nth]

Kz;Lfis E}w;g[G nth]Kor]Rf;fs; vdj; jtwhfg] gyh] vz;zp tpLfpd;wdh].

ed;ik gaf;Fk; ghf;Ohpah Kz;Lfs; xnu rPuhd/ fodkhd cUz;il totpy;

nthpy; xl;of; bfhz;lJ nghypUf;Fk;. Mdhy; E}w;g[G Kor]Rf;fs; ntUld;

nrh]e;nj xG';fw;w Kor]Rf;fshff; fhzg]gLk;.

mGf;F nth; mwpFwp

vYkpr]ir E}w;g[G nthpy; Tl;lk; Tl;lkhf xnu ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;J

rhw;wpid cz;L thGk;. ,it cs;s ,l';fspy; nthpy; kz;Jfs;fs; xl;of;

bfhz;L ,Uf;Fk; . ,t;twpFwp mGf;F nth] mwpFwp vdg]gLk;.

Kl;ilfhg;g[f; TL E}w;g[Gf;fs;

cUisf; fpH';fpYk; gaW tifg] gaph]fspYk; Kl;ilfhg]g[f;TL

E}w;g[Gf;fs; cUz;il my;yJ vYkpr]ir totj;jpy; fz;qf;Fg] g[yg]gLk;

tifapy; bts;is/ j';fepwk; kw;Wk; gGg;g[ epwkhf nthpy; xl;of;

bfhz;oUf;Fk;.

ntuGfy;

nthpy; bkhr]ir tot/ nth]Jisg]ghd; kw;Wk; ntuGfy; E}w;g[Gf;fs;

nthpy; ePs;tot mGfiy Vw;gLj;j ty;yit. thiHapy; njhd;Wk;

nth]Jisg]ghd; E}w;g[Gtpd; jhf;fj;jhy; nthpd; g[wzpg] gFjp fU";rptg]g[

epwkhff; fhzg]gLk;.

E}w;g[G Tl;L neha;fs;

E}w;g[Gf;fs; jdpj;J epd;W jhf;fp nrjk; tpistpg]gJld; kl;Lkd;wp/

,it nthpy; cz;lhf;Fk; fha';fspd; tHpna g{rz ghf;Ohpaf; fpUkpfs;

EiHe;jhy; ,jd; jhf;fk; gy kl';F bgUfp KGikahd nrjk; Vw;gLk;.

thiH/ gUj;jp/ fdfhk;guk; cs;spl;l vy;yhg; gaph]fspYk; Tl;L neha;fs;

fhzg]gLfpd;wJ.

bghUshjhu nrj mst[

jkpHfj;ijg] bghUj;j tiuapy; E}w;g[Gf;fshy; Vw;gLk;/ jtph]f;ff;Toa

tha;g]g[s;s nrj epiy Rkhh] 10 Kjy; 40 rjtPjk; MFk;. bghUshjhuf;

fz;nzhl;lj;jpy; ,e;j nrj mst[ jkpHfj;jpy; kl;Lk; Mz;Lf;F +. 400 nfho MFk;.

fPH;f;fz;l ml;ltiz \yk; jkpHfj;jpy; cs;s Kf;fpa E}w;g[Gf;fspd;

nrj epiyia mwpayhk;.

kyh] -33 26

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

ml;ltiz

E}w;g[G gaph;fs; nrjepiy jhf;fk; mjpfk;

rjtPjk; cs;s gFjpfs;

nth]Kor]R jf;fhsp/ btz;il/ 40% nfhit/


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

fhshd; tsh;g;gpy; g{r;rp kw;Wk; neha; nkyhz;ik

F. re;jpunrfh;/ F. jphpg[tdkhyh kw;Wk; nt. gpufhrk;

gaph; nehapay; Jiw/

jkpH;ehL ntshz:ikg] gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h; - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz; : 0422 - 6611336

gaph;fis neha; kw;Wk; g{r;rpfs; jhf;FtJ nghy fhshd;fis g{rz';fs;/

g{r]rpfs; kw;Wk; neha;fs; jhf;fp kfNy; ,Hg]g[ Vw;gLj;Jk;. nkYk; Foypd;

Rw;Wr] NHy; khWghLfspd; fhuzkhft[k; kfNy; ghjpg]g[ Vw;gLk;.

m.fhshd;fis jhf;Fk; g{rz neha;fs;

1. ntw;W epw g{rz';fs;

neha; kw;Wk; nehapd; mwpFwpfs;

fhshd; gLf;ifapy; btz;ik epwf; fhshd; g{rzj;ij jtpu gRik

epwj;jpy; M!;gh;$py;y!;/ oiuf;nfhblh;kh/ bgdprpypak;/ btsph] gr]ir

epwj;jpy; fpl;nlhkpak;/ fUik epwj;jpy; iunrhg!; njhd;Wk;.

Rfhjhukw;w Kiwapy; fhshd; gLf;if jahhpj;jy; kw;Wk; Foiy rhpahf

guhkhpf;fhjjhy; ,e;neha; fhzg]gLk;. neha; fhuzpfs; ntfkhf tpj;Jg]

bgUf;fk; bra;J gz;iz KGtJk; gutptpLk;.

fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

g{rz tsh]r]rp epiwtilahj gLf;ifapy; rpW g[s;spfshf ntw;W

g{rz';fs; bjd;gl;lhy; me;j ,lj;jpYs;s itf;nfhy; Jz;Lfis btl;o

vLj;jgpd; me;j ,lj;jpy; 0.05 rj nkd;nfhbrg; g{rzf; bfhy;ypia eidj;J

g";rpdhy; ed;whfj; Jilf;f ntz:Lk;.

gLf;ifapd; bgUk; gFjp ghjpf;fg;gl;lhy; cldoahf mg]g[wg]gLj;jp

vhpj;J tpl ntz:Lk;.

2.epa{nuh!;nghuh jPg;g{rzk;

neha; kw;Wk; nehapd; mwpFwpfs;

gLf;ifapy; jPapd; epwj;jpy; g{rz';fs; bjh';fpf; bfhz:oUf;Fk.; kpft[k;

Rfhjhukw;w NH;epiyfspy; gLf;if jahhpj;jhy; njhd;Wk;.

fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

,e;nehia mHpg]gJ kpft[k; fodk;. vdnt neha; jhf;fpa gLf;ifia

mfw;wp vhpj;J tpl ntz;Lk;.

kyh] -33 28

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

3.fLF nghd;w g{rz ,iH Kor;Rfs;

neha; kw;Wk; nehapd; mwpFwpfs;

!;fpspnuhrpak; xiunr vDk; g{rzk; fhshd; gLf;ifapy; fLF nghd;w

g{rz ,iH Kor;Rfshf njhd;Wk;. nkYk; fhshd; g{rz tsh;r;rp jpl;L

jpl;lhf fhzg;gLk;.

itf;nfhiy ed;whfg] gjg]gLj;jhky; gLf;if jahhpj;jhy; ,e;neha;

jhf;Fjy; fhzyhk;.

fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

neha; jhf;fpa gLf;iffis mg]g[wg]gLj;j ntz:Lk].

4.k";rs; jpl;L neha;

neha; kw;Wk; nehapd; mwpFwpfs;

ghy;fhshdpy; nkw;g{r;R kz;zpy; Muk;gj;jpy; k";rs; jpl;Lf;fshf

njhd;Wk;. g{rzk; gpd; fha;e;J Tl;lk; Tl;lkhf Fr]rpfs; nghd;w tsh]r]rp

fhzg;gLk;. nkw;g{r]R kz;zpy; mjpf


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

ghy;fhshd; Tz;oy; jiy kw;Wk; Rth]/ Tiu gFjpfis 0.1 rjk; fhh]gd;lhrpk;

bjspf;ft[k;. gjpide;J ehs; ,ilbtspapy; fhshd; Tz;oy; bghl;lhrpak;

bgh]kh';fndl;/ ghh]kypd; (2:1) bfhz:L g[if\l;lk; bra;j gpd; gLf;iffis

itf;ft[k;.

6.ghf;Ohpah neha;

neha; kw;Wk; nehapd; mwpFwpfs;

neha; jhf;fp gLf;iffspy; fhshd; g{rzk; tsh]r]rpapd;wp jpl;Lj; jpl;lhf

gpRgpRg]ghf Jh]ehw;wj;Jld; fhzg]gLk;. nkYk; ,g;gLf;iffis fhshd;


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

fhshd;fspd; nky; glhjthW ilf;nshh]th!; 10 ypl;lh] jz;zPUf;F 6 kp.yp.

my;yJ khyj;jpahd; 10 kp.yp. fye;J bjspf;ft[k;.

2.fhshd; rpye;jp

mwpFwpfs;

fhshd;fspy; k";rs; my;yJ gGg;g[ epwFHpfs; fhzg]gLk;. cw;W

nehf;fpdhy; mjpy; kpft[k; rpwpa g{r]rpfs; bjd;gLk;. btg]gepiy 15°

bry;rpa!;f;F fPH; Fiwa[k;nghJ ,g]g{r;rpfs; mjpf mstpy; bgUfpf;

fhshd;fisj; jhf;Fk;.

fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

ilf;nfhghy; (0.1 rjk;) my;yJ eida[k; fe;jfk; (0.1 rjk;) nghd;w

kUe;Jfis Tiu kw;Wk; ku mLf;Ffspd; nky; bjspf;f ntz:Lk;

,g;g{r;rpfs; jhf;fpa gLf;iffis mg]g[wg]gLj;j ntz:Lk;

,.,aw;if NHypdhy; Vw;gLk; khWghLfs;

1.jz;L ePz;Ljy; kw;Wk; Filg;gFjp rpWj;jy;

mwpFwpfs;

fhshd;fspd; jz:Lg]gFjp ePz;L kw;Wk; Filg]gFjp rpWj;J fhshd;

cUf;FiHe;J fhzg]gLk;.

gz:izapy; btspr;rk; kpft[k; Fiwe;J nkYk; fhpakpy tha[ 30 rjtPjk;

mjpfkhdhy; ,t;thW cUf;FiHe;J fhzg]gLk;. Foypy; fhw;wpd;


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

gUj;jpapy; xU';fpize;j g{r;rp guhkhpg;g[ Kiwfs;

Kidth] r. nkhfd;

ntshz: g{r;rpapay; Jiw

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h] - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz; : 0422 - 6611214

jkpHf ntshz;ikapy; gUj;jp xU kpf Kf;fpag] gzg]gapuhFk;. ,wit

gapuhft[k; khdhthhpg] gapuhft[k; gaphplg]gLfpwJ. ek; ehl;oy; ntshz;ik

bra;ag]gLfpd;w bkhj;j gug]gstpy; Rkhh] Ie;J tpGf;fhL gug]gpy; kl;Lnk

gUj;jp gaphplg]gLfpwJ. Mdhy; ekJ ehl;oy; cgnahfpf;fg]gLfpd;w g{r]rp

bfhy;ypfspy; Rkhh] 55 tpGf;fhL gUj;jpia jhf;Fk; g{r]rpfis fl;Lg]gLj;j

gad;gLj;jg]gLfpwJ.

gUj;jpia gy tifahd g{r]rpfs; gaph] tsh]r]rpapd; gy epiyfspy; jhf]fp

mHpf;fpd;wd. mitfisf; fl;Lg]gLj;j xU';fpize;j g{r]rp guhkhpg]g[ Kiw

ghpe;Jiuf;fg]gLfpwJ.

1. ,ad;w mstpw;F xU fpuhkk;/ tl;lhuj;jpy; xnu gUj;jp ,ufj;ij

njh]e;bjLj;J/ midtUk; FWfpa fhy ,ilbtspapy; tpijg]g[ bra;a

ntz;Lk;.

2. mkpyk; bfhz;L g"]R ePf;fpa bghWf;F tpijfis eLtJ ey;yJ.

3. g[jpa tpij neh]j;jp

rhW cwp";Rk; g{r]rpfisf; fl;Lg]gLj;j ,kplhFnshgphpl; tpij neh]j;jp (m)

g[jpajha; totikf;fg]gl;l tpij neh;j;jp Kiwia (g";R ePf;fg;gl;l tpij

+ ghypnfhl; 3 fp / fpnyh + fhh]gd;lhrpk; 2 fp / fpnyh + ,kplhFnshgphpl; 7 fp

/ fpnyh + Nnlhnkhdh!; g]nshurd;!; 10 fp / fpnyh + mnrhgh!; 40 fp /

fpnyh) filgpoj;J tpijf;ft[k;. ,g;g[jpa tpij neh]j;jp Kiwiaf;

filgpoj;jhy; rhW cwp";Rk; g{r;rpfs; 45 ehl;fs; tiu

4.

fl;Lg;gLj;jg;gLtnjhL kl;Lky;yhky;/ gaph; Muk;g epiyapnyna

Cf;fj;Jld; tsUk;.

gUj;jp ,dj;ijr] rhh]e;j btz;il/ g[spr]ir nghd;w gaph]fSk;/ Jj;jp/

fz;l';fj;jhp nghd;w fis brofSk; gUj;jpf;F mUfpy; ,y;yhky; ghh]j]Jf;

bfhs;s ntz;Lk;.

5. gy fis brofs; gUj;jpiaj; jhf;Fk; g{r]rpfSf;F khw;W czt[ brofshf

,Ug]gjhy; fhyj;nj fisbaLj;J/ gUj;jp njhl;lk; kw;Wk; tug]g[fis

Rj;jkhf itj;Jf; bfhs;tjhy; gpd; tpist[fis Rygkhf rkhspf;fyhk;.

kyh] -33 32

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

6. jf;f jUzj;jpy; fis vLj;J brofSf;F kz; mizf;f ntz;Lk;.

,jdhy; jz;Lf;Td; tz;od; nrjj;ij Xust[ jtph]f;fyhk;.

7. cuk; kw;Wk; ePh] guhkhpg]g[ kpft[k; mtrpak; MFk;. ghpe;Jiu bra;ag]gLfpd;w

cu mstpw;F nky; cukpLtijf; fz;og]ghfj; jtph;f;f ntz;Lk;.

njitf;nfw;g ePh] gha;r]rpdhy; nghJkhdJ. ,it ,uz;Lk; brofs; mjpf

,iyfSld; tsh]e;J g{r]rp bgUf;fj;ij Xust[ jLf;f VJthfpwJ. bjhG

cuk; mjpfkhf cgnahfpj;jhy; E}w;g[G jhf;Fjiyj; jtph]f;fyhk;. mjpf

jiHr]rj;J/ bts;is


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

gaph; ghJfhg;g[

bghUshjhu nrj epiyia fle;J g{r;rpfs; gutpapUe;jhy;

fPH;f;fz;lthW g{r]rp kUe;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

g{r]rp ,dk; g{r;rp kUe;J (Vf;fUf;F)

,iyg]ngd; (jphpg]!;) kPj;ijy; blkl;lhd; 25 ,rp 200 kpy;yp (m) ilikj;njhnal;

kw;Wk; mRtpzp 30 ,rp 200 kpy;yp (m) gh!;nghkplhd; (85 lg[s;a{. v!;.

rp) 120 kpy;yp g{r]rpbfhy;ypia 200 ypl;lh; jz;zPhpy;

fye;J bjspf;ft[k;.

jj;Jg]g{r]rp nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; 400 kpy;yp kw;Wk; ntg;g

Kj;Jr;rhW 5 rjk; Mfpatw;iwj; bjspf;ft[k.;

mbkhpf;fd;fha;g;g[G rg;ig fl;Lk; gUtj;jpy; vz;nlhry;ghd; 800 kpy;yp

(m)gr;irf;fha;g;g[G bjspf;ft[k;. fha; gpof;Fk; kw;Wk; Kw;Wk; gUt';fspy;

fPH;f;fz;l VjhtJ xd;iw 400 ypl;lh; jz;zPhpy; fye;J

bjspf;ft[k;. n$hyhd; 35 ,rp xU ypl;lh; (m) fhh;ghpy;

(50 lg[s;a{.gp) xU fpnyh (m) ignuhFnshnuhgh!; 50

,rp 600 kpy;yp.

rptg]g[f;fha;g;g[G oiunahrgh!; 0.1 rjk; (xU ypl;lh; jz;zPUf;F xU

kpy;yp kUe;J) (m) vz;nlhry;ghd; 0.07 rjk; (gj;J

ypl;lh] jz;zPUf;F VG kpy;yp kUe;J)

15. gUj;jpapy; kWjhk;g[ my;yJ fl;ilg]gaph] tplf;TlhJ. gUj;jpf;Fg] gpd;

gUj;jpiana gaphplhky; khw;Wg] gaph]fis gaphpLjy; ntz;Lk;.

16. bts;is < elkhl;lj;ij fzpf;f k";rs; th;z bghwpfis

cgnahfpf;fyhk;.

17. gUj;jpia Rw;wpYk; fth;r]rpg] gapuhf Mkzf;F gaphpLtjhy; g[nuhOdpah

g{r]rp ftug]gl;L/ mjpy; Kl;ilapLfpd;wd. ,jdhy; ,g]g{r]rpapd; Kl;ilf;

Ftpay;fis vspjpy; fz;Lgpoj;J mHpf;fyhk;. ,ijg;nghy; tay;

tug]g[fspYk; jl;ilg]gaW gaph] bra;tjhy; rhW cwp";Rk; g{r;rpfs;


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

thiHapy; jz;L Td;tz;L fl;Lg;ghl;oy;

ntk;igf; bfhz;l ePk; mrhypd; g';F

g. rptRg;gpukzpad;/ f. ghyh$p kw;Wk; rh. Fj;jhyk;

ntshz; g{r;rpapay; Jiw

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h] - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz: : 0422 - 6611214

jkpH; ehl;oy; thiH Kf;fdpfspy; xd;whfg; nghw;wg]gLfpwJ. ,J Kf;fpa

gzg; gapuhFk;. gy khtl;l';fspy; ed;bra; epy';fspy; gaphplg;gLfpwJ.

,jd; midj;J ghf';fSk; gad; jUtjhy; ,jid “fy;g jU”

vd;wiHf;fpd;wdh]. ,e;jpahtpnyna jkpH; ehl;oy;jhd; thiH rhFgo

bra;a[k; epyg]gug]g[ mjpfk; vd;whYk; cw;gj;jpapy; gpd;j';fpa[s;sJ. ,jw;F

gy;ntW fhuz';fs; ,Ug]gpDk; g{r]rp jhf;FjYk; Kf;fpakhd fhuzkhFk;.

g{r]rpfspy; “Xilnghu!; yh';fpfhyp!;” vd;wiHf;fg;gLk; jz;L Td; tz;L

bgUk; nrjj;ij tpistpf;fpwJ.

jha; tz;lhdJ rptg]g[ epwj;jpy; bghpajhf ,Uf;Fk;. ,J thiHj; jz;oy;

rpW Jisapl;nlh my;yJ ,iy ciwfSf;Fs;nsh jdJ Kl;ilfis ,Lk;.

,jpypUe;J btsptUk; ,sk; nra;fs; jz;oid Jisj;J CLUtp

nrjg;gLj;Jk;. jha; tz;L bgha;j;jz;ila[k;/ nra;fs; jz;ila[k; cz;L/

tsUk; jz;Lfis mHpf;fpd;wd. bgha;j; jz;oy; tl;l tot Jisfs; kw;Wk;

gprpd; nghd;w jputbtspg]ghLMfpait ,f;Td; tz;od; ,Ug]gpid mwpa

cjt[fpd;wd.

ePk;mrhy; vd;gJ ,.I.O ghhp epWtj;jpd; jahhpg]ghFk;. ,J ntk;gpid

\yg] bghUshff; bfhz;L jahhpf;fg]gl;l ,urhadkw;w g{r]rp bfhy;ypahFk;.

,jd; g{r]rp bfhy;ypj; jd;ikf;F fhuzkhf ,Ug]gJ mrhouhf;od; vd;fpw

ntjpg; bghUshFk;.

bgUkstpy; nrjj;ij tpistpf;Fk; ,e;j Td; tz;od; ghjpg]igf;

fl;Lg]gLj;j nfhit mUnf rpWKifapy; nee;jpud; ,uf thiHapy; ePk;

mrhy; 1.2 rjj;ij Crp \yk; jz;Lfspy; brYj;jp Ma;t[ nkw;

bfhs;sg;gl;lJ. ,e;j kUe;J thiHf; fd;W el;l 5 khjj;jpw;Fg; gpd; 30 ehl;fs;

,ilbtspapy; \d;W Kiw jz;oy; brYj;jg;gl;lJ. ,e;j Ma;tpy; ePk;

mrhypd; jpwd; nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; (1 rjtPjk; ePhpy; fiua[k; brwpt[)

cld; xg]gplg]gl;lJ. tay;btsp Ma;tpd; nghJ nkhndhFnuhl;n;lhghi!

(1 kp.yp.) ePUld; (3 kp.yp.) fye;J jz;ow;Fk; brYj;jg;gl;lJ. nkYk;/ ePk;

mrhiy ePUld; 4:4 vd;w tpfpjj;jpy; ( 4 kp.yp. ePk; mrhy; + 4 kp.yp. ePh])

kyh] -33 35

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

fye;J brYj;jg]gl;lJ. Ma;tpd; Kothf nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; brYj;jpa

khjphp jplypy; 92.8 ,wg;g[ rjtPjKk;/ ePk;mrhy; brYj;jpa khjphp jplypy;/

85.42 ,wg]g[ rjtPjKk; gjpthfpa[s;sJ. nkYk;/ ghjpf;fg]gl;l jz;oy;

nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; 1 rjtPjk; kw]Wk; ePk; mrhy; 4 rjtPjj;ija[k; g{Rk;

nghJ ,f;Td;tz;Lfspd; jhf;fk; Fiwe;Js;sJ.

nrhjidf; Tlj;jpy; jz;L Td;tz;Lf;bfjpuhd Ma;tpy;/ Td;

tz;Lfspd; ,wg]g[ rjtPjk; kw;Wk; jha; Td; tz;Lfspd; Kl;il ,Lk;

vz;zpf;if Mfpait nrhjidf;Fg] gpd; 24/ 48/ 72 kw]Wk; 96 kzp neuj;jpw;F

gpd; fzf;fplg]gl;ld.

Ma;tpd; nghJ nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; (1 kp.yp.) ePUld; (3 kp.yp.) fye;J

jz;ow;Fk; brYj;jg]gl;lJ. nkYk;/ ePk; mrhy; ePUld; 4:4 vd;w tpfpjj;jpy;

( 4 kp.yp. ePk; mrhy; + 4 kp.yp. ePh]) fye;J brYj;jg]gl;lJ. Ma;tpd; Kothf

97.3 ,wg]g[ rjtPjk; nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; brYj;jpa khjphp jplypYk;/ 94.25

,wg]g[ rjtPjk; ePk; mrhy; brYj;jpa khjphp jplypYk; gjpthfpa[s;sJ.

nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; g{r]rpbfhy;yp jz;oy; Crp \yk; kw]Wk;

nkw;gFjpapy; g{rpa[k; nkw;bfhz;l Ma;tpy; ,e;j Td;tz;od; jhf;fk;

btspa[iwapy; Kiwna 87.99 kw;Wk; 84.65 rjtPjk; Fiwe;Js;sJ.

nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; 1 rjtPjk; kw;Wk; ePk; mrhy; 4 rjtPjk; Mfpatw;iw

jz;oy; g{Rtjhy; cs; ciwapy; ,f; Td;tz;od; nrjhuk; Kiwna 96.14

kw;Wk; 95.65 rjtPjk; Fiwe;J fhzg;gl;lJ.

jz;od; eLciwapy; ePk;mrhy; 4 rjtPjj;ij jz;oy; Crp \yk;

brYj;JtjhYk; g{RtjhYk; 83.99 rjtPjk; jhf;fk; Fiwe;Js;sJ. nkYk;/

nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; 1 rjtPjj;ij jz;oy; g{Rtjhy; 94.65 rjtPjKk;/ Crp

\yk; brYj;Jtjhy; 89.31 rjtPjKk;/ ,f;Td;tz;od; jhf;fk; Fiwe;Js;sJ.

nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; 1 rjtPjk; kw;Wk; ePk; mrhy; 4 rjtPjk; Mfpatw;iw

jz;oy; g{rpa Ma;tpw;Fg] gpd; jha; tz;Lfs; Kl;ilapLk; vz;zpf;if kpf

Fiwthfnt fhzg;gl;lJ. (1.2 Kl;ilfs; / 5 jha; tz;Lfs;/ 1.6 Kl;ilfs;

/ 5 jha; tz;Lfs;). nkYk;/ nkhndhFnuhl;nlhgh!; (1 kp.yp.) ePUld; (3 kp.yp.)

fye;J jz;ow;Fk; brYj;jg;gl;lJ. nkYk;/ ePk; mrhy; ePUld; 4:4 vd;w

tpfpjj;jpy; ( 4 kp.yp. ePk; mrhy; + 4 kp.yp. ePh]) fye;J brYj;jg]gl;lJ. Ma;tpd;

Kotpy; jha; tz;Lfspy; Kl;ilapLk; vz;zpf;if Kiwna 1.0 Kl;il/

5 jha; tz;Lfs; kw;Wk; 1.4 Kl;il/ 5 jha; tz;Lfs; gjpthfpa[s;sd.

,t;thwhf ePk; mrhy; MdJ ,urhad g{r]rp bfhy;ypahd nkhndh

Fnuhl;nlhgh!; cld; xg]gpLk; nghJ mjw;F ,izahf bgha; jz;L

Td;tz;oid fl;Lg]gLj;JfpwJ. nkYk;/ Rw;Wg]g[wr] NHiya[k; khRwhky;

ghJfhf;fpwJ.

kyh] -33 36

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

jh;g{rzpapy; mRtpzpiaf; fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

it. ,uhjhfpU#;zd; kw;Wk; fh. eluhrd;

ntshz; g{r;rpapay; Jiw

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;/ nfhak;g[j;J}h; - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz: : 0422 - 6611214

jh;g{rzpiaj; jhf;Fk; g{r]rpfspy; mjpf g';F tfpg;gJ rhW cwp";Rk;

g{r]rpahd mRtpzp. jh]g{rzp nfhil fhyj;jpd; Kd;dzp gHkhf cs;sJ. fyfhhp

ghiytdkhd Mg;gphpf;fhnt jh]g{rzpf;F g{h]tPfk;. jh]g{rzpia rpy ,l';fspy;

tUlk; KGtJk; gaph] bra;fpwhh]fs;. jh]g{rzp clYf;F ey;yJ. ,dpg]g[ld; ,Ug]gJ

g[j;Jzh;r;rp mspf;f ty;yJ. ,jid nfhil fhyj;jpy; jz;zPh; jhfj;jpw;fhf

midtUk; cz;fpd;wdh;. jh]g{rzpapy; Kf;fpa itl;lkpd;fshd itl;lkpd; v/

itl;lkpd; V1/ itl;lkpd; V2 kw;Wk; jhJ cg]g[fSk; ml';fp cs;sd. jkpH;ehl;oy;

tpGg]g[uk; kw;Wk; nfhak;g[j;J}h] khtl;lj;jpy; kl;Lnk jPtpu jh]g{rzp rhFgoapy;

tptrhapfs;


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

,izaw;w tpisr;rYf;F ,g;nfh fhk;g;bsf;!;

10: 26:26/ o.V.gp kw;Wk; a{hpah cgnahfpg;gPh] !

tptrhapfSf;F xU

ew;bra;jp




,g;nfh cuk; th';Fk; tptrhapfSf;F

,g; nfh nlhf; fpnah b$duy;

,d;Nud;!; epWtdj;jpd; r';flQud;

jdpegh; tpgj;Jf; fhg;gPL cz;L

,g;nfh cuk; th';fpaikf;F mry;

,urPJ itj;jpUe;jhy; nghJk;. mJnt

ghyprp. ,jw;F gphpkpak; VJkpy;iy.

,j;jpl;lj;jpd; fPH; +. 4/000 Kjy; xU

,yl;rk; +gha; tiu ,d;Nud;!;

bjhif tH';fg;gLfpwJ.

mjpf cur;rj;Jf;fs; - Fiwe;j tpiy

mjpf tpisr;ry; bgw ,g;nfh cu';fisg; gad;gLj;JtPh]

kz; tsk; bgUf ,aw;if vUt[k; ,LtPh] !

,e;jpa cHth] cuf;Tl;Lwt[

epWtdk;

126/ Qgpg[y;yh nuhL/ jp.efh;/ brd;id -17

kz;ly mYtyf';fs; jpUr;rp kw;Wk; nfhit

kyh] -33 38

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

fj;jhp gapiu jhf;Fk; g{r;rpfisf;

fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

F. nfhtpe;jd;/ \. rk;gj; Fkhh; kw;Wk; r. unk#; Fkhh;

ntshz; g{r;rpapay; Jiw

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h] - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz; : 0422 - 6611214

fj;jhp xU Kf;fpa fha;fwpg;gapuhFk;. fj;jhp cyfbk';Fk; gaph]

bra;ag;gLfpwJ. ,J midj;J tajpdUk; tpUk;gp cz;qk;

fha;fwpg;gapuhFk;. gGf;fhj fj;jhp fhia rikaYf;F gad;gLj;Jfpd;wdh].

fj;jhpapy; mjpf mstpy; rj;Jg]bghUl;fshd itl;lkpd; V kw;Wk; gp

,Uf;fpd;wJ. fj;jhp ePuHpt[ nehiaf; fl;Lg;gLj;j kUe;jhft[k; gad;

gLj;jg]gLfpd;wJ. ,e;jpahtpy; 5 yl;rk; vf;lhpy; ,jid gaphpLfpd;wdh].

,jd; kfNy; 16 ld; / vf;lh] MFk;. fj;jhp gapiu Vwf;Fiwa 100 tifahd

g{r]rpfs; jhf;fp nrjg]gLj;JfpwJ. ,jdhy; kfNy; 40 Kjy; 50 rjk; tiu

FiwfpwJ. ,t;thwhd nrjk; tpistpf;Fk; g{r]rpfisj; jLj;J chpa

,yhgj;ij


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

fhh]ghpy; 50 rjtPjk; 2 fpuhk; / ypl;lh] (m) eida[k; fe;jfj;J}s; 50 rjtPjk;

2 fpuhk; / ypl;lh] jz;zPUld; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

vz;nlhry;ghd; 35 ,rp 2 kp.yp. / ypl;lUld; mjDld; ntg;g vz;bza; 3

rjk; (m) Fapdhy;gh!; 25 ,rp 2 kp.yp. / ypl;lUld; mjDld; ntg;g vz;bza;

3 rjk; vd;w mstpy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

ntg]g';bfhl;il gUg]g[r]rhW 5 rjk; vd;w mstpy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

braw;if ighpj;jpuha;L g{r]rp bfhy;ypfis jtph]f;ft[k;.

rhW cwp";Rk; g{r;rpfs;

mRtpzp (Vgp!; fh!pg]gp kw;Wk; ikr!; bgh]rpnf)

jhf;Fjypd; mwpFwpfs;

,sk; kw;Wk; tsh]e;j mRtpzpfs; ,iyapy; ,Ue;J bfhz;L/ rhw;iw

cwp";rp brofis tsh]r]rp Fd;w bra;fpwJ. ,jdhy; ,iyfs; rpwpajhfp/

tsh;r;rp Fd;wp fhzg;gLfpwJ. nkYk; fha;fs; gpof;fhky; kfNy;

ghjpf]fg]gLfpwJ.

g{r]rpapd; tpguk;

Vgp!; fh!pg]gp mRtpzpahdJ gr]ir my;yJ bts;is epwj;jpy; ,Uf]Fk;.

ikr!; bgh;rpnf gr]ir my;yJ rptg;g[ epwkhf ,Uf;Fk;. tapw;Wg] gFjpfspy;

xU n$ho rpwpa Crp nghd;w FHy;fs; fhzg]gLk;. ,it njd; nghd;w

jputj;jpid Ruf;fpwJ. ,jdhy; ,iyfspd; nkw;gug]gpy; fhpg]g{rz neha;

njhd;WfpwJ. ,e;nehapdhy; xspr]nrh]f]if ghjpf;fg]gl;L tpisr]ry; FiwfpwJ.

fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

mRtpzpapdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l ,iyfs;/ fpisfs;/ jsph]fis g{r]rpfSld;

nrfhpj;J mHpf;f ntz;Lk;.

mRtpzp jhf;Fjiyj; jh';ff;Toa mz;zhkiy 1 fj;jhp tifia

gaphplyhk;.

k";rs; epw xl;L bghwpfs; kw;Wk; tpsf;Fg;bghwpfs; \yk; g{r]rpfspd;

elkhl;lj;ijf; fz;lwpayhk;.

fpiunrhngh;yh fhh;dpah g{r]rpfspd; Kjy; epiy F";Rfis xU

vf;lUf;F 10/000 vd;w mstpy; btspapl;L fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;.

ilkPj;njhnal; 30 ,rp 2 kp.yp. / ypl;lh] (m) kPj]ijy; blkl;lhd; 25 ,rp 2

kp.yp. /ypl;lh] nghd;wtw;wpy; VnjDk; xd;iw xU ypl;lh] jz;zPhpy; fye;J

bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

gr;irj; jj;Jg;g{r;rp

jhf;Fjypd; mwpFwpfs;

,sepiy kw;Wk; Kjph]e;j epiy jj;Jg]g{r]rpfs; ,iyapd; mog]ghfj;jpy;

,Ue;J bfhz;L rhw;iw cwp";Rfpd;wd. ,jdhy; ,iyfs; k";rs; epwkhf

khwptpLfpd;wd. gpd;dh] ,iyfs; gGg]ghfp/ fUfp tpGe;JtpLk;.

g{r;rpapd; tpguk;

bgz; jj;Jg]g{r]rp Kl;ilfis ,iyfspd; euk;g[fspd; ,ilna ,Lk;.

Kl;ilapy; ,Ue;J btsptUk; ,sk; F";Rfs; ,sk; gr;ir fye;j k";rs;

epwj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk;. tsh]e;j g{r]rp gr]ir epwj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk;.

kyh] -33 40

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

rpW ,iy neha; jhf;fpa brofis gpL';fp vhpj;J tplntz;Lk;.

jj;Jg] g{r]rpahy; jhf;fg]gl;l ,iyfis g{r]rpfSld; nrfhpj;J mHpj;J

tplntz;Lk;.

kPj;ijy; blkl;lhd; 25 ,rp 2 kp.yp. / ypl;lh] my;yJ ilkPj;njhnal; 30 ,rp 2

kp.yp. / ypl;lh] jz;zPUld; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

rhk;gy; epwf;Td;tz;L (kpy;nyhrpu!; ,dk;)

Kjph]e;j tsh]r]rpaile;j Td;tz;Lfs; ,iyfspd; Xu';fisf; foj;Jj;

jpd;fpwJ. ,jd; g[Gf;fs; nth;fisf; foj;Jj; jpd;gjhy; brofs;

thotpLfpd;wd. g[G kpfg; bghpajhft[k;/ ‘C’ nghy tise;Jk; bts;is

clYld; gGg]g[ epwj; jiya[lDk; fhzg;gLk;. ,jd; tz;Lfs; gGg]g[

epwj;jpy; fhzg;gLk;. xU bgz; tz;L 50 - 100 Kl;ilfis kz;zpy; ,Lk;.

fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

Kjph]e;j tz;Lfis nrfhpj;J mHpj;J tplntz;Lk;.

elt[ bra;tjw;F Kd;g[ ypd;Nld; 1.3 rjj;J}s; 25 fpnyh / vf;lh] vd;w mstpy;

,lntz;Lk;.

xU vf;lUf;F fhh]ngh@gpa{uhd; 15 fpnyhit el;l 15 ehl;fSf;F gpd;dh;

brofspd; nth]ghfj;jpy; ,lntz;Lk;.

g[s;sp ,iy tz;L (Vgpyf]dh tp$pd;oMf;nlhg';f;nll;lh)

tz;L kw;Wk; g[G gUtk; ,iyfspy; cs;s gr;iraj;ij Ruz;o

cz;qk;. gpwF Ruz;oa gFjpfs; fha;e;J tpLk;. tz;Lfs; kpf ntfkhf

gwf;ff; Toa jpwd; tha;e;jJ. g[G xnu ,lj;jpy; epiyahf epd;W rhg;gpLk;.

g{r;rpapd; tpguk;

Vgpyf;dh tp$pd;oMf;nlhg';f;nll;lh vd;w tz;oy; xt;bthU

,wf;ifapYk; 14 g[s;spfs; fhzg]gLk;. v. onanf!;okh vd;w tz;od;

,wf;ifapy; 6 g[s;spfs; fhzg]gLk;. ePs;tot Kl;ilapid ,iyapy; ,LfpwJ.

g[Gtpd; clypy; Ks; nghd;w gFjpfs; fhzg;gLk;. KG tsh]r]rpaile;j

g[Gtpd; fhyk; 10 Kjy; 35 ehl;fs; MFk;. Tl;Lg]g[GthdJ ,iy kw;Wk;

jz;L gFjpfspy; fhzg]gLk;. Tl;Lg]g[G epiyapd; fhyk; 3 Kjy; 5 ehl;fs;

MFk;. bkhj;j g{r]rpapd; thH;t[f; fhyk; 20 Kjy; 40 ehl;fs; ,Uf;Fk;.

fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

Kl;il/ g[G kw;Wk; tz;Lfis nrfhpj;J mHpj;J tpl ntz;Lk;.

fhh;ghpy; 50 rjk; 2 fpuhk; / ypl;lh] my;yJ vz;nlhry;ghd; 35 ,rp 2 kpy;yp /

ypl;lh] my;yJ khyj;jpahd; 50 ,rp 2 kpy;yp / ypl;lh] vd;w mstpy; bjspf;f

ntz;Lk;.

brk;ghd; rpye;jp (bll]uhief!; rpd;dbghpad;!;)

,sk; F";RfSk; Kjph]e;j rpye;jpfSk; Tl;lk; Tl;lkhf ,iyapd;

mog;gFjpapypUe;J bfhz;L rhw;iw cwp";Rtjhy; ,iyfs; RU';fp fhzg]gLk;.

fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; Kiwfs;

jhf;fg]gl;l ,iyfis nrfhpj;JmHpf;ft[k;.

ilnfhghy; 18.5 ,rp 2.5 kp.yp. / ypl;lh] (m) eida[k; fe;jfj; J}s; 50 rjtPjk;

2 fpuhk; / ypl;lh] jz;zPhpy; fye;J bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.


kyh] -33 41

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

kyh;gaph;fspy; E}w;g[G eph;thfk;

Kidth; $p. n$hjp/ uhn$!;thp Re;jughg[ kw;Wk; vk;. rptf;Fkhh]

E}w;g[Gtpay; Jiw

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h; - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz; : 0422 - 6611264

nuh$h/ ky;ypif/ rk;g';fp nghd;w kyh]fSf;F Kf;fpakhd efu';fspy;

mjpf tuntw;g[ ,Uf;fpwJ. tpahghu hPjpapy;/ my';fhu bghUshf

gad;gLj;jg;gLk; kyh]fs; 45 rjk; ,lj;ij bfhz;Ls;sJ. jw;bghGJ nuh$h/

Mh]fpl;/ fpnyonahiy vd;w kyh]fs; tl Mrpa ehLfSf;F mjpfkhf

Vw;Wkjpahfpd;wd. jw;bghGJ Kf;fpakhd kyh]gaph]fs; 10 khepy';fspy;/

25000 vf;lhpy; gaphplg]gLfpd;wd. fdfhk;guk;/ rk;g';fp/ rhke;jp/ nuh$h/

ky;ypif/ nfe;jp nghd;wit kpf mjpf mstpy; jkpH;ehL/ fh]ehlfk;/

Me;jpuk;/ kQhuh#;ouk;/ nkw;F t';fhsk;/ gPQhh;/ uh$!;jhd;/

cj;jpugpunjrk; kw;Wk; jpy;yp nghd;w khepy';fspy; gaphplg]gl;L tUfpd;wd.

xnu gapiu bjhlh]r;rpahfg; gaphpLtjd; \yk; mij jhf;Fk;

E}w;g[Gf;fs; mjpf mstpy; bgUFtjw;F tha;g;g[ Vw;gLfpwJ. ,jdhy; me;j

gapnu KGtJkhf mHpe;Jtpl tha;g;g[ cs;sJ. mJ jtpu rk;g';fp/ ypy;yp

fpH';Ffs; E}w;g[Gtpd; jhf;Fjypdhy; tpw;gidf;F Vw;wjhf ,Ug;gjpy;iy.

jhf;fg]gl;l brog;gFjpfspd; \yk; ,e;j E}w;g[Gf;fs; kw;w ,l';fSf;F

gut[tjw;Fk; xU tha;g;g[ cs;sJ. mbkhpf;f If;fpa ehLfspy; kl;Lk;

kyh]gaph]fspy; E}w;g[Gtpd; jhf;Fjypdhy; Vw;gLk; nrjk; tUlj;jpw;F 50

kpy;ypad; lhyh] vd fzf;fplg;gl;Ls;sJ. cyf mstpy; kyh]gaph]fspy;

E}w;g[Gf;fspdhy; Vw;gLk; nrjk; 11.1 rjk; vd bjhpatUfpwJ.

fdfhk;guk;

jkpH;ehL/ fh]ehlfk; kw;Wk; Me;jpu khepy';fspy; fdfhk;guk;

tpahghuj;jpw;bfd;nw mjpf mstpy; gaphplg;gl;L tUfpd;wJ. ,e;j gapiu

jhf;Fk; E}w;g[Gf;fspy; Kf;fpakhdit ntuGfy; E}w;g[G/ RUs;tot E}w;g[G/

nth;Kor;R E}w;g[G kw;Wk; Crp E}w;g[G nghd;witfshFk;.

ntuGfy; E}w;g[G

jhf;fg;gl;l brofs; Fl;ilahft[k;/ ,iyfs; ,s";rptg;gpypUe;J

fU";rptg;g[ epwkhfnth my;yJ k";rs; epwkhfnth khwp nky; nehf;fp

RUz;L fhzg;gLk;. g{f;fs; rpWj;Jf; fhzg;gLk;. nthpd; tsh]r]rp Fd;wpa[k;/

fUg;g[ epwkhfp mGfpa[k; fhzg;gLk;. kyh;fspd; kfNy; Fiwthft[k;/

jukw;wjhft[k; ,Uf;Fk;.

,e;j ntuGfy; E}w;g[G gpa{nrhpak; brhyhdp vDk; g{rzj;Jld; nrh]e;J

broiaj; jhf;Ftjhy; Vw;gLk; tpist[fns jkpH;ehl;oy; fdfhk;gu gaph;

tsh]r]rp Fiwe;J tUtjw;F fhuzk;. ,jdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l nth]gFjpapy;

gpa{nrhpak; brhyhdp/ gpa{nrhpak; Mf;!p!;nghuk; vd;Dk; g{rz';fSk;

fhzg;gLfpd;wd.

kyh] -33 42

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

bjhG cuj;ij ,LtjhYk;/ rhke;jp tifg; gapiu CLgapuhf

gaphpLtjhYk;/ E}w;g[Git Fiwf;f Koa[k;. fhh]nghgpa{uhd; brof;F xU

fpuhk; tPjnkh my;yJ ehw;w';fhypy; xU rJu kPl;lUf;F 6 fpuhk; tPjnkh

,Ltjd; \yk; E}w;g[Git fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;. gaph]fspy; xU vf;lUf;F 33

fpnyh vd;w tPjj;jpy; ,Ltjd; \yk; E}w;g[Gf;fis fl;Lg;gLj;j Koa[k;.

nth; Kor;R E}w;g[G

,e;j E}w;g[G jkpH;ehl;oYk;/ fh;ehlfj;jpYk;/ Me;jpuhtpYk;/ fdfhk;guk;

gaphpLk; vy;yh ,l';fspYk; fhzg]gLfpwJ.

jhf;fg;gl;l brofs; Fl;ilahf ,Uf;Fk;. fpis Xu';fs; fha;e;J

fhzg]gLk;. nth] Kor]Rfs; kype;J fhzg;gLk;. kyh]fs; rpWj;Jk; ,Uf;Fk;.

,e;j E}w;g[GnthL gpa{nrhpak; brhyhdp vd;Dk; thly; g{rzKk; nrh]e;J

jhf;fpdhy; brofs; neha;tha;g;gl;L fha;e;JtpLk;.

nfe;jp my;yJ g';nfhyh g[y;iy CLgapuhfg; gaphpLtjd; \yk;

E}w;g[Gj; jhf;Fjiyf; fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;. ,jpy; nfe;jpg; g{f;fis tpw;gjhy;

fpilf;Fk; gyd; xU ,yhgkhFk;. fhh;nghgpa{uhd; FUiz kUe;ij

vf;lUf;F 33 fpnyh ,LtjpdhYk; E}w;g[Gitf; fl;Lg;gLj;jyhk;.

Crp E}w;g[G

jhf;fg;gl;l bro fl;il/ Fl;ilahf ,Uf;Fk;. nth]fspd; Edpfs;

tise;Jk;/ fUj;Jk; fhzg;gLk;.

fhypgpsth;/ Kl;ilnfhR/ Ks;s';fp nghd;wit ,e;j E}w;g[G jhf;fhj

gaph;fshff; fUjg;gLfpd;wd. Mfnt ,e;jg] gaph;fspy; xd;iw CL

gapuhfnth my;yJ gaph] RHw;rpapd; \ykhfnth cgnahfpj;J gad; bgwyhk;.

rhke;jp

rhke;jp gaph] tpahghu hPjpapy;/ mjpf mstpy;/ jkpH;ehL/ fh;ehlfk;/

kj;jpagpunjrk;/ gPQhh]/ uh$!;jhd;/ nkw;F t';fhsk;/ cj;jpu gpunjrk;

khepy';fspy; gaphplg;gl;L tUfpd;wJ.

bgUk;ghYk; Kjph]e;j ,iyfspd; jpRtiufspy; cs;s ,ilbtsp

mjpfkpUg]gjhy; ntuGfy; kw;Wk; nkw;gFjpiaj; jhf;Fk; E}w;g[Gf;fs;

Kjph]e;j ,iyfspy; j';fp gy;fpg] bgUFfpd;wd.

,e;E}w;g[Gf;fshy; jhf;fg;gl;l ,iyfis ,iyfspd; eL euk;gpy;

cs;s Kf;nfhz tot gGg;g[epw jpl;Lf;fs; \yk; fz;lwpayhk;.

,e;E}w;g[Gf;fis gpa{ulhd; 3 $p FUiz kUe;jpid vf;lh] xd;Wf;F

16.5 fpnyh tPjk; ,l;L fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;.

ntuGfy; E}w;g[G

jhf;fg;gl;l brofs; tsh]r]rp Fd;wp fhzg]gLk;. ,iyfs; btSj;J

k";rs; epwj;JlDk;/ fha;e;Jk; ,Uf;Fk;. g{f;fs; rpWj;J fhzg]gLk;. ,e;j

E}w;g[G nth]fspd; Xu';fspy; ,Uf;Fk; bry;fspd; cs;nsa[k;/ ,ilnaa[k;

g[Fe;J vy;yhtw;iwa[k; mHpj;JtpLk;.

kyh] -33 43

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

gpj;jpak; kw;Wk; iunrhf;nlhdpah Mfpa g{rz';fspy; Vw;gLk; neha;/

,e;j E}w;g[Gtpd; jhf;fj;jhy; mjpfkhf;fg;gLfpwJ.

nuh$h

nuh$h kyh]fis mHFf;fhf kl;Lkd;wp/ mjpypUe;J vLf;fg]gLk;

thrid ijyj;Jf;fhft[k; gaphpLfpd;wdh]. jkpH;ehL/ fh]ehlfk;/ uh$!;jhd;/

g";rhg; kw;Wk; cj;jpugpunjrk; khepy';fspy; ,e;j gaph; mjpfkhf

gaphplg]gLfpwJ. jkpH;ehl;oy; br';fy;gl;L/ Fk;gnfhzk;/ j";rht{h]/ brd;id

kw;Wk; kJiu khtl;l';fspy; nuh$h gaph] mjpfkhf rhFgo bra;ag;gLfpwJ.

Kf;fpakhf nuh$hit jhf;Fk; E}w;g[Gf;fs;/


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

gaph; ghJfhg;gpy; cs;ehl;L bjhHpy; El;g';fs;

g. rptRg;gpukzpad;/ nr. fdpbkhHp kw;Wk; ,uh. ghDrpj;uh

ntshz; g{r;rpapay; Jiw

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h] - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz; : 0422 - 6611214

,e;jpa ntshz;ik gj;jhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F nkw;gl;l

bjhd;ika[ilaJ. mg;nghija gaph] ,uf';fs; kw;Wk; gaph] cw;gj;jp Kiwfs;

midj;J kf;fSf;Fk; cztspf;f nghJkhdjhf ,Ue;jJ. 1950 kw;Wk; 60-k;

Mz;Lfspy; gy;ntW fhuz';fshy; czt[ gw;whf;Fiw Vw;gl;lJ. ,jid

rhpbra;ant ,e;jpah gRikg;g[ul;rpapy; fhyo vLj;J itj;jJ.

,aw;if ts';fspd; ePoj;j/ epiyj;j nkyhz;ik bjhlh;ghd

jpl;lkpLjy; kw;Wk; KobtLj;jypy; cs;ehl;L bjhHpy; El;g';fs;

(Indigenous Technologies) Kf;fpa g';F tfpf;fpd;wd. gRikg] g[ul;rpapd;

tpisthf tptrha cw;gj;jp mjpf mstpy; ,Ue;j nghjpYk; g[Jikahd

bjhHpy; El;g';fis filgpof;f tptrhapfs; mjpf mstpy; KjyPL

bra;jjhy;mth]fs; bghUshjhu hPjpapy; gpd;j';fp ,Uf;fpd;wdh;. vdnt/

,e;jpah nghd;w tsh]e;J tUk; ehLfspy; etPd bjhHpy;El;g';fisf;

fhl;oYk; gHikahd bjhHpy;El;g';fns tptrhapf;F bghUshjhuhPjpahf

ed;ik gaf;Fk;. ,J nghd;w bjhHpw;El;g';fis ek; Kd;ndhh;fs;

ifahz;ljhy; ,d;iwa tptrhapfisg; nghy; g{r;rpfs;/ neha;fs; bgUf;fk;

kw;Wk; bghUshjhu hPjpahd gpur;ridfs; Mfpatw;iw mth;fs; vjph]

bfhz;ljpy;iy.

g{r;rp nkyhz;ikapy; cs;ehl;L bjhHpy; El;g';fs;

gHikia filgpof;Fk; tptrhapfs; ,d;Wk; j';fsplk; cs;s

,LbghUl;fisf; bfhz;L gaph]RHw;rp/ gygaph] rhFgo/ CLgaph; Kiwfis

gpd;gw;Wfpd;wdh].

vLj;Jf;fhl;L

i. JYf;fky;ypa[k; gUj;jpa[k; CLgapuhfg] gaphpLk; nghJ gUj;jpapYs;s

mbkhpf;fd; fha;g; g[Git JYf;fky;yp fth]e;jpGf;fpwJ.

ii. fj;jhpa[ld; bt';fhak; CLgapuhfg] gaphpLk; nghJ fj;jhpapy; tUk; jz;L

kw;Wk; fhaj; ;Jisg]ghd; fl;Lg]gLj;jg]gLfpwJ.

iii. Kl;ilnfhrpy; bfhf;fpg]g[Gitf; fl;Lg;gLj;j tug]nghuj;jpy; nuh!;nkhp/

g[jpdh nghd;w brofis elyhk;.

kyh] -33 45

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

iv. ,";rp elt[ bra;j taypd; Xuj;jpy; tsh]e;jpUf;Fk; vUf;F/ ,";rpapy; nrjk;

tpistpf;Fk; g[Gf;fis fth;fpwJ.

v. epyf;fliy gaphplg;gl;l epyj;ij Rw;wp jl;ilg;gaW kw;Wk; Mkzf;F

gaphpLk; bghGJ mit epyf;fliyapy; tUk; rptg;g[ fk;gsp;g; g[Gf;fis

ftUk;.

g{r;rp nkyhz;ikapy; jhtu g{r;rpbfhy;ypapd; g';F

i. ntk;g[

tpijfs; kw;Wk; J}s; bra;ag;gl;l ntg;g';bfhl;ilfis fye;J

itf;Fk; bghGJ fhg;uhtz;L kw;Wk; rpwpa jhdpatz;Lfis ,J

fl;Lg]gLj;JfpwJ.

ii. g{tuR

,k;kuj;jpd; ,iyr]rhW bey;ypy; gilg]g[Gf;fs;/ fUk;gpy; jz;L

Jisg;ghd; kw;Wk; jhdpa gaph]fspy; tUk; fhaj;;Jisg;ghd; Mfpatw;wpw;F

rpwe;j Cd; jLg;ghdhf bray;gLfpwJ.

iii. ghy; toa[k; a{@nghh;gpnarpna FLk;g jhtu';fs;

,f;FLk;gj; jhtu';fspd; jz;L/ fpis/ bkhl;L Mfpatw;wpy; fhzg;gLk;

g{r]rpbfhy;yp kw;Wk; g{r]rptpul;Lk; jd;ikahy; mRtpzp kw;Wk; btl;Lf;fpsp

Mfpatw;iwf; fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;. nkYk;/ ,r;broapd; ,iy/ tpijfs; kw;Wk;

nth] nghd;wtw;iw ePhpy; Cwitj;J bgwg;gLk; rhw;wpidj; bjspf;Fk;

bghGJ fha;fwpg; gaph;fspy; tUk; g[Gf;fisa[k;/ ,s";broapy; tUk;

fiuahida[k; fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;.

iv. Jsrp

Jsrp ,iy kw;Wk; tpijapypUe;J bgwg;gLk; vz;bza; bgUk;ghyhd

g{r]rpfSf;F g{r;rptpul;oahft[k;/ e";R kpFe;jjhft[k;/ g{r]rpapd; tsh;r]rpia

jilbra;tjhft[k; cs;sJ.

bey; gaph; ghJfhg;gpy; cs;ehl;L bjhHpy; El;g';fs;

xU fpnyh miuj;j g{z;il 1 ypl;lh] kz;bzz;izapy; fye;J ,ut[

KGtJk; itj;jpUe;J tofl;oa gpd; 200 ypl;lh] ePUld; fye;J bey; taypy;

bjspf;Fk; bghGJ g[ifahd; kw;Wk; gr]ir jj;Jg] g{r]rpfs; rpwe;j Kiwapy;

fl;Lg;gLj;jg]gLfpd;wd. ,e;j Kiw ,g;bghGJk; jpUbey;ntyp

khtl;lj;jpy; eilKiwapy; cs;sJ.

KU';if kuj;jpd; gl;ilfs; kw;Wk; fpisfis eRf;fp taypy; gug;g[k;

bghGJ mJ bey;ypy; jz;L Jisg]ghid fl;Lg]gLj;JfpwJ.

khl;Lrhzk; kw;Wk; bghoahf;fpa nridf;fpH';if taypy; cs;s ePhpy;

fyf;Fk; nghJ/ ,J fhw;wpy; tp#j;jd;ikia Vw;gLj;jp Tl;Lg]g[Gf;fis

bfhy;fpwJ.

kyh] -33 46

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

nrhsg; gaph; ghJfhg;gpy; cs;ehl;L bjhHpy; El;g';fs;

jl;il/ mtiu nghd;wtw;iw CLgapuhf nrhsj;Jld; gaph] bra;a[k;

bghGJ ,tw;wpd; tpul;Lk; jd;ika[ila thridahy; nrhsj;jpy; jz;L

Jisg]ghdpd; jhf;fj;ij btFthf Fiwf;fyhk;.

rhk;giy ghy;fjph] gUtj;jpy; J}t[tjdhy; fjph;ehtha; g{r;rpiaf;

fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;.

kf;fhr;nrhsg; gaph; ghJfhg;gpy; cs;ehl;L bjhHpy; El;g';fs;

,uz;oypUe;J \d;W fpnyh tiu njhYhpf;fg;gl;l bt';fhar;rhw;iw ePUld;

fye;J bjspj;jhy; th]zkakhd btl;Lf;fpspiaf; fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;.

kf;fhr]nrhs taiy Rw;wp \d;W thpir neg;gpah; g[y;iy eLtjhy;

mjpypUe;J btspg;gLk; thrid jz;L Jisg;ghid fth]tJ kl;Ly;yhky;

mjpy; cw;gj;jpahFk; gprpd; nghd;w jputk; kw;w g{r;rpfisa[k; ftUk;.

mJkl;Lky;yhJ ntypkrhiy kf;fhr]nrhsj;jpd; ,ilna gaphpl;lhy;

mjpypUe;J btspg]gLk; thrid kf;fhr]nrhsj;jpy; jz;L Jisg]ghidf;

fl:Lg]gLj;Jk;.

fk;g[ gaph; ghJfhg;gpy; cs;ehl;L bjhHpy;El;g';fs;

IE}W fpuhk; bty;yj;ij gj;J ypl;lh] ePhpy; fye;J fk;g[ fjphpy; bjspf;Fk;

bghGJ g{ tz;Lfspdhy; Vw;gLk; nrjk; FiwfpwJ.

jhdpa gaph]fs; gaph] ghJfhg;gpy; cs;ehl;L bjhHpy; El;g';fs;

Jtiuapy; fha;j;Jisg]ghidf; fl;Lg]gLj;j \d;W Kjy; Ie;J ypl;lh]

khl;Lf; nfhkpaj;jpy; rkmst[ khl;Lr]rhzj;ij (4ehl;fs; behjpj;jYf;F

cl;gLj;jpagpd;) fiuj;J tofl;o mjDld; 200 fpuhk; Rz;zhk;igf; fye;J

mij 50-80ypl;lh] ePh]j;j gpd; bjspf;fyhk;.

jl;ilg]gawpy; k";rs; njky; nehiaf; fl;LgLj;j nkhh] bjspf;fyhk;(nkhh]

rpwe;j flj;jp jLg]ghd; (barrier of vectors)). jl;ilg]gawpy; tUk; rhW

cwp";Rk; g{r]rpfis ftUtjw;fhf taypy; ghypj;jPd; tphpg]ghd;fis

tphpj;J mjd;nky; Mkzf;F vz;bza;ia jltp itf;fyhk;.

bfhz;ilf; fliyapy; bfhj;jky;yp kw;Wk; Msptpj;ij CLgapuhf

gaphpLk; nghJ fha;j;Jisg;ghidf; fl;Lg;gLj;jyhk;.

vz;bza; tpj;Jfs; gaph; ghJfhg;gpy; cs;ehl;L bjhHpy; El;g';fs;

epyf;fliy

fliyapy; rptg]g[ fk;gspg] g[Gitf; fl;Lg]gLj;j taiyr] Rw;wp FHpgwpj;J

mjpy; vUf;fk; ,iyfisg] gug;gp ,iyfs; \H;Fk; mst[f;F ePh]

epug]gptpl;lhy; fk;gspg] g[Gf;fs; FHpapy; tpGk; bghGJ ePhpy; cs;s er]Rj;

jd;ikahy; mit ,we;JtpLk;.

kyh] -33 47

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

fliy tpijj;j cld; gwitfs; bfhj;jpj; jpd;gij jLf;f nridf;fpH';F

njhypid taypy; M';fh';nf J}t[k;bghGJ nridf;fpH';F njhy; ghk;g[

nghd;W njhw;wkspg]gjhy; gwitfSf;F mr]rj;ij Vw;gLj;Jk;. ,t;thW

gwitfshy; Vw;gLk; nrjj;ijf; Fiwf;fyhk;.

Mkzf;F

xU fpnyh bghwpj;j nrhsj;ij Mkzf;F gaphplg]gl;l taypidr] Rw;wpr]

bjspg]gjhy; gwitfs; ftug]gLfpd;wd. ,t;thW ftug]gl;l gwitfs;

Mkzf;F miubfhf;fp g[Gf;fis cz;gjhy; ,g;g[Gf;fs; fl;Lg;

gLj;jg]gLfpd;wd.

nkYk;/ ,uz;L fpnyh ntg]gpiyia ,uz;L ypl;lh] ePhpy; Cwitj;J toj;j

ePiu (500 kp.yp. / 15 ypl;lh] ePh]) ePUld; fye;J bjspg]gjd; \yKk; ,jid

fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;.

bjd;id

bjd;idapy; fhz;lhkpUf tz;Lfisf; fl]Lg]gLj;j ku cr]rpapy;

kzy; kw;Wk; fy; cg;gpidj; J}tyhk;. ,it fhz;lhkpUf tz;Lfspd;

elkhl;lj;ijf; Fiwj;J mtw;iw fl;Lg;gLj;Jfpd;wd.

vs;

vs;spy; ,iyr]RUl;Lg; g[Gitf; fl;Lg;gLj;j khl;Lf; nfhkpaj;ij ePhpy;

fye;J bjspf;fyhk;.

gUj;jp gaph] ghJfhg;gpy; cs;ehl;L bjhHpy; El;g';fs;

gUj;jpapy; CLgapuhf Mkzf;if gaphpLk; nghJ g[ifapiyg; g[Gf;fSk;/

kf;fhr;nrhsk; kw;Wk; btz;il gaphpLk; nghJ fha;g]g[Gf;fSk;

fl;Lg]gLj;jg]gLfpd;wd. gUj;jpapy; bts;is


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

bfhj;jky;yp/ g[jpdh/ ,";rp kw]Wk; k";rs; Mfpatw;iw khe;njhg]gpy;

gaphpLtjhy; bgUk;ghd;ikahd g{r]rpfs; fl;Lg;gLj;jg]gLfpd;wd.

khl;Lf;nfhkpak; my;yJ g[ifapiyr] rhW Mfpatw;iwj; bjspg]gjhy;

jpuhl;irapy; g{r]rpfisa[k; neha;fisa[k; fl;Lg]gLj;jyhk;.

fha;fwp gaph;fspy; g{r;rp nkyhz;ikapy; cs;ehl;L bjhHpy;

El;g';fs;

fj;jhpapy; tug]nghug]gapuhf JYf;fky;ypia tsh]f;Fk; nghJ jz;L kw;Wk;

fha;j;Jisg]ghd;fs; fl;Lg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd. behjpf;f itf;fg;gl;l

nfhkpaj;ij ePUld; fye;J bjspg]gjhy; kw;w g{r]rpfisf; fl;Lg;gLj;jyhk;.

fhypgpsth] eh]rhpapy; tUk; tz;Lfspd; ,sk; gUtj;ij mHpf;f

kz;bzz;izia tz;Lfshy; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;l FHpfspy; Cw;wp mHpf;fyhk;.

kyh;fspy; g{r;rp nkyhz;ikapy; cs;ehl;L bjhHpy; El;g';fs;

nuh$hbroapy; fiuahd;fisf; fl;Lg]gLj;j nuh$h ,sehw;Wfis

a{@nghh]gpna!pna FLk;gj; jhtu';fspypUe;J bgwg]gLk; ghy; nghd;w

jputj;ij ePhpy; fye;J bgwg;gLk; fyitapy; eidj;jgpd; elt[ bra;ayhk;.

nrkpg;g[ jhdpa';fspy; tUk; g{r;rpfis fl;Lg;gLj;j cs;ehl;L

bjhHpy; El;g';fs;

bfha;ah ku ,iyfis J}s; bra;J J}t[tjhy; mhprpapy; Td;tz;Lfisf;

fl;Lg;gLj;jyhk;.

fk;g[ tpijfis g{r;rpfspypUe;J ghJfhf;f behr;rp ,iya[ld; fye;J

itf;fyhk;.

czt[ jhdpa';fis nrkpj;Jitf;Fk; Kd; vYkpr]ir rhWld; fye;J gpd;

fha itj;J nrkpf;Fk; nghJ mit g{r;rpfSf;F vjph]g]g[j; jpwd;

bgw;witahf ,Uf;Fk;.

Mkzf;F tpijfis J}s; bra;J Jtuk;gUg;g[ld; fye;J itj;J mjid

g{r]rpfspypUe;J ghJfhf;fyhk;.

rhk;gy;/ rhzk; kw;Wk; fhp nghd;wit jhdpa tiffis tz;Lfs; kw;Wk;

Td; tz;Lfspd; jhf;FjypypUe;J ghJfhf;fg; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd.

jl;ilg] gaiw kz;ghidfspy; nrkpf;Fk; nghJ 1 mLf;F (2.5 br.kP.)

jl;ilg]gaWk; 1 mLf;F rhk;gYk; (1 br.kP.) fye;J itg;gjhy; gaW

tz;Lfs; nrjj;ij bgUkst[ Fiwf;fyhk;.

jhdpa tiffis nrkpf;Fk; Kd;g[ me;j ,lj;jpy; itf;nfhy;/ kpsfha;/

kuj;J}s; kw;Wk; kz;bzz;iz bfhz;L g[if \l;lk; Vw;gLj;jp gpd;g[

nrkpf;f mLf;fp itj;jhy; nrkpf;Fk; nghJ tUk; g{r]rpfSf;F Kd; fhg]ghf

,Uf;Fk;.

rhk;gy;/ vYkpr]ir/ kpsfha;j;J}s; Mfpait nrkpg]g[ jhdpa g{r]rpfis

rpwe;j Kiwapy; fl;Lg]gLj;Jfpd;wd.


kyh] -33 49

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

gl;Lg;g[G tsh;g;gpy; fpUkp ePf;Ftjd; mtrpaKk;

Kf;fpaj;JtKk;

Kidth] rp. kzpnkfiy

gl;Lg;g[Gtpay; Jiw

jkpH;ehL ntshz;ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h; - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz; : 0422 - 6611296

Rfhjhu Kiwapy; g[G tsh]g]gjw;Fk;/ mjpf gl;Lf; TL kfNYf;Fk;

fpUkp ePf;fk; kpft[k; mtrpakhd xd;whFk;. cfe;j fpUkp ehrpdp bfhz;L

rhpahd mst[ kw;Wk; Kiwapy;/ jFe;j neuj;jpy; fpUkp ePf;fk; bra;a[k;

bghGJ gl;Lg]g[Gitj; jhf;ff;Toa ghf;Ohpah/ itu!;/ g{rz kw;Wk;

g[nuhnlhnrhth neha;fpUkpfs; mHpfpd;wd. xt;bthU Kiwa[k; g[G

tsh]g]gpw;F Kd;dh] filgpof;f ntz;oa Kf;fpakhd xU bray;/ fpUkp ePf;fk;

bra;tjhFk;. Vbddpy; gl;Lg]g[G tsh]g]gpy; neha; fhj;jiyf; fhl;oYk; jLg]g[

Kiwna cfe;jjhFk;.

fpUkp jLg;g[ Kiwfs;

I. ,aw;if Kiw : gl;Lg;g[G tsh]f;fg] gad;gLk; cgfuz';fis btapypy;

fha itj;jy;/ neha; tha;g;gl;l g[Gf;fis vhpj;jy; kw;Wk; g[ijj;jy;

Mfpait.

Ii. ntjpapay; Kiw : gy tifahd kUe;Jfisg; gad;gLj;Jjy;.

,itfis fpUkp ehrpdpfs; vdf; Fwpg;gpLfpnwhk;.

,tw;wpid tsh;g;g[ miw/ cgfuz';fSf;F gad;gLj;Jk; fpUkp

ehrpdpfs; kw;Wk; gLf;if fpUkp ehrpdpfs; vd ,uz;L tifg;gLj;Jfpnwhk;.

fpUkp ehrpdpfs; njitg;gLk; mst[/ jahhpf;Fk; Kiw kw;Wk;

fzf;fpLk; Kiw

mst[ : fpUkp ehrpdpfisj; Jhshfg; gad;gLj;Jk; bghGJ 200 fpuhk; /

rJu kPl;lh] vd;w mstpYk; jput totpy; gad;gLj;Jk; bghGJ/ 2 ypl;lh; /

rJu kPl;lh] vd;w mstpYk; njitg;gLfpwJ. ,tw;wpid tsh;g;giwj; jsk;/

Rth]/ tsh]g]giwapd; btspg;g[wk; kw;Wk; gl;Lg;g[G tsh;g]g[ cgfuz';fs;

Mfpait ed;F eida[k; go bjspf;f ntz;Lk;.

jahhpf;Fk; Kiw : xt;bthU kUe;jpw;Fk; jahhpf;Fk; Kiw

ntWgLfpwJ.

kyh] -33 50

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

fzf;fpLk; Kiw : cjhuzj;jpw;F 20 kP x 15 kP mst[ bfhz;l xU

g[G tsh]g]giwf;F fpUkp ehrpdpapd; msitf; fz;lwpa[k; Kiw fPnH

tUkhW.

js mst[ = ePsk; x mfyk; x 2

= 20 kP x 15 kP x 2 = 600 rJu kPl;lh]

Rth; mst[ = ePsk; x cauk; x 2

= 20 kP x 10 kP x 2 = 400 rJu kPl;lh]

bkhj;j mst[ = 600 rJu kPl;lh] + 400 rJu kPl;lh]

= 1000 rJu kPl;lh]

kUe;J njitg]gLk; mst[ = 1000 x 2 = 2000 ypl;lh; ( 2 yp / rJu kPl;lh])

,j;Jld; gl;Lg]g[G cgfuz';fSf;F 25 rjk; vd;w mstpYk; ( 500

ypl;lh]) tsh]g]giwapd; btspg]g[wj;jpw;F 10 rjKk; (200 yp) njitg;gLfpwJ.

fpUkpehrpdpapd; bkhj;j njit = 2000 yp + 500 yp + 200 yp = 2700

ypl;lh].

(i) fpUkp ehrpdpfspd; mst[k;/ jahhpf;Fk; Kiwa[k;

gy;ntW tifahd fpUkp ehrpdpfs; jw;bghGJ gad;gLj;jg]gLfpwJ.

m) ghh;kypd; : ,J jput totpy; 36 rj ghh]khy;oiQl; Mf fpilf;fpwJ.

jpwe;j btsp tsh]g]gf';fSf;F ,J bghUe;jhJ.

ghh]kypd; fyit : 2% ghh]kypd; + 0.05% nrhg]g[j;J}s;.

150 yp ghh]kypd; (2700 yp ÷ 18)/ 1.0 fpnyh nrhg]g[j;J}s; (0.5 x 2000 fpuhk;)

kw;Wk; 2550 ypl;lh; (2700 yp - 150 yp) jz;zPh] njitg]gLfpwJ.

M) gpsPr;rp'; gt[lh; : ,J 30 rj f;nshhpd; kUe;J bfhz;l fhuj;

jd;ika[ila bts;is epwj;J}shff; fpilf;fpwJ.

gpsPr]rp'; gt[lh] fyit : 2 % gpsPr;rp'; gt[lh; + 0.3% ePh;j;j Rz;zhk;g[ ePh].

54 fpnyh gpsPr;rp'; gt[lh; (20 fpuhk; x 2700 yp) 8.10 fpnyh ePh]j;j Rz;zhk;g[

(3 fpuhk; x 2700 yp) Mfpa ,uz;ila[k; 2700 ypl;lh; ePhpy; fye;J bjspf;ft[k;

(Kjypy;/ ,itfis Fiwe;j mst[ ePhpy; xU gir nghy; bra;J bfhz;L

gpd;dh] Fwpg;gpl;l mst[ jz;zPhpy; fyf;f ntz;Lk;).

,) f;nshhpd; il Mf;i!l;

rhdpblf; vd;w bgahpy; fpilf;fpwJ.

rhdpblf; fyit : 2.5% rhdpblf; kUe;J + 0.5% ePh]j;j Rz;zhk;g[ +

0.25% Cf;Ftpf;fp (rhdpblf; kUe;Jld; fpilf;fpwJ).

1 ypl;lh] rhdpblf; kUe;J jahhpf;f 25 kpy;yp rhdpblf; kUe;J/ 2.5 fpuhk;

Cf;Ftpf;fp kw;Wk; 5 fpuhk; ePh]j;j Rz;zhk;g[ njitg]gLfpwJ.

kyh] -33 51

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tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

2700 ypl;lh] kUe;jpw;F Kjypy; ,uz;L tifahd fyitfisj; jahh]

bra;jy; mtrpak;.

fyit ‘m‘ : 6.75 fpnyh (2700 yp x 2.5 fpuhk;) Cf;Ftpf;fpa[ld;/ 67.5 yp

(2700 yp x 25 kpy;yp) rhdpblf; kUe;jpid fyf;fp 5 epkplk; itf;f ntz;Lk;.

,J k";rs; jputkhf khWk;.

fyit ‘M' : 13.5 fp (2700 yp x 5 fpuhk;) ePh]j;j Rz;zhk;ig 2632.5 yp

jz;zPhpy; (2700 yp – 67.5 yp) fyf;f ntz;Lk;.

(Fiwe;j ePhpy; Kjypy; gir nghy; bra;J/ gpd;dh] Fwpg]gpl;l mst[ ePhpy;

fyf;f ntz;Lk;).

‘m' fyitia ‘m{' fyita[ld; fye;J gad;gLj;j ntz;Lk;.


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

jFe;j Rfhjhuk; mikaf; fUj;jpy; bfhs;s ntz;oait

gpwhplk; ,Ue;J cgfuz';fisf; fld; th';ff; TlhJ.

tsh]g]giwf;Fs; EiHgth;fs; 2 rj gpsPr]rp'; gt[lh] kw;Wk; 0.3 rj ePh]j;j

Rz;zhk;g[ fiurypy; Kf; ;fpa ghj;jpapd; kPJ fhy; gjpf;f ntz;Lk;.

g[G tsh;g;gpy;


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

tpijg; gz:iz mikf;f ty;Yeh; tpij tptrhapfns*

- ,njh jahh;**

Kidth; fh.e.fnzrd; kw;Wk; Kidth; m.br.bghd;Drhkp

tpij ikak;/ jkpH;ehL ntshz:ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;

nfhak;g[j;J}h]- 641 003,bjhiyngrp vz; : 0422 - 6611232

jukhd tpijfs; mjpf kfNiy mspg;gJ rkPg fhy';fspy; tptrhapfs; fz:Tlhf

fz:l xd;W. ,jdhnyna/ Mjhu kw;Wk; rhd;W epiy tpijfs; gad;gLj;JtJ jw;bghGJ

tptrhapfspilna mjpfhpj;Js;sJ. ,nj nghy; tptrhapfns tpij cw;gj;jpapy;


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

jkpH;ehL ntshz:ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk; - tpij ,Ug;g[ jfty;

Kidth] g. rpd;idad; kw;Wk; br.Re;jnu!;tud;

tpij ikak;

jkpH;ehL ntshz:ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfk;/ nfhak;g[j;J}h; - 641 003

bjhiyngrp vz: : 0422 6611232

jkpH;ehL ntshz:ikg; gy;fiyf; fHfj;jpd; fl;Lg;ghl;oYs;s Muha;r]rp

epiya';fspy; cw;gj;jp bra;j cah] tpisr;ry; kw;Wk; tPhpa xl;L ,uf cz:ik

epiy tpijfs; fPH;f;fz;lml;ltizapYs;s ,l';fspy; tpw;gidf;fhf ,Ug;gpy;

cs;sd. tptrhapfs; rk;ke;jg;gl;l nguhrphpah; kw;Wk; jiyth;fis mqfp

tpijfisg; bgw;Wf; bfhs;SkhW md;nghL nfl;Lf; bfhs;sg;gLfpwhh;fs;.

ml;ltiz - tpij ,Ug;g[ tptuk;

gaph; / ,ufk; ,Ug;gplk;;

bey; 1. ntshz:ikf; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp epiyak;/

VoO 36/ VoO39/ kJiu(bjhiyngrp vz; : 0452-2422956)

VoO 43 2. ntshz:ikf; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp epiyak;/

gthdp/ nfh 43 fps;spFsk; (bjhiyngrp vz; : 04630-2461226)

I. Mh].20/bghd;dp 3. ntshz:ikg] bghwpapay; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp

jpUr]rp (Mh]) 1/ epiyak;/ FK~h] (bjhiyngrp vz: : 0431-2541218/ 2543718)

(Mh]) 2 4.ntshz:ik Muha;r;rp epiyak;/gl;Lf;nfhl;il

(bjhiyngrp vz; : 04373-235832)

5. bey; Muha;r;rp epiyak;/ jp+h; (bjhiyngrp vz: :044-27620383)

6. kz:ly Muha;r;rp epiyak;/ iga{h] (bjhiyngrp vz; : 04343-250043)

7. fha;fwpMuha;r;rp epiyak;/ ghY}h](bjhiyngrp vz: : 04142-275222)

8. ntshz:ik Muha;r;rp epiyak;/ gthdprhfh]

(bjhiyngrp vz; :04295-240244)

9. kz; kw;Wk; ePh] nkyhz:ik Muha;r;rp epiyak;/ j";rht{h;

(bjhiyngrp vz; : 04362-267680)

10. ntshz:ik Muha;r;rp epiyak;/ itifmiz

(bjhiyngrp vz; : 04546-244112)

11. md;gpy; jh]kyp';fk; ntshz:ikf; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp

epiyak;/ jpUr]rp ;/ (bjhiyngrp vz; : 0431-2690692)

fha;fwp 1. fha;fwpj; Jiw/ njhl;lf;fiyf; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp

fj;jhp epiyak;/ nfhit – 3. (bjhiyngrp vz; : 0422-6611283)

jf;fhsp 2. fha;fwpMuha;r;rp epiyak;/ ghY}h]

btz:il (bjhiyngrp vz; : 04142-275222)

bt';fhak; 3. ntshz:ik Muha;;r;rp epiyak;/ itifmiz

bfhj;jtiu (bjhiyngrp vz; : 04546-244112)

fPiu 4. ntshz:ik Muha;r;rp epiyak;/ gthdprhfh]

(bjhiyngrp vz; : 04295-240244)

KU';if 5. njhl;lf;fiyf; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp epiyak;

bghpaFsk; (bjhiyngrp vz: : 04546-231726/234661)

kyh] -33 55

,jH; - 10


tsUk; ntshz;ik mf;nlhgh] 2007

tpw;gidia Cf;Ftpj;J tpijfs; bkhj;jkhf bfhs;Kjy; bra;tjw;F

fPH;f;fz:lthW tpw;gid js;Sgo tH';fg]gLfpwJ.

ml;ltiz

m. muR kw;Wk; Tl;Lwt[ epWtd';fs;

tptuk; tpij tpiy

ntshz: gaph;fs;

bfhs;Kjy;mst[ js;Sgo (rjk;)

1. ,uf';fs; 3 ld;dpw;F nky; 15

2. xl;L ,uf';fs;

njhl;lf;fiyg; gaph;fs;

500 fpnyhtpw;F nky; 20

1. ,uf';fs;

2. xl;L ,uf';fs;

bfhs;Kjy; bra;a[k;

midj;jpw;Fk;

15

2.1. jf;fhsp kw;Wk; fj;jhp 1 fpnyhtpw;F nky; 20

2.2. bt';fhak; 5 fpnyhtpw;F nky; 20

M. jdpahh; epWtd';fs;

tptuk; tpij tpiy

bfhs;Kjy; mst[ js;Sgo (rjk;)

ntshz: gaph;fs;

1.,uf';fs; 0.5 Kjy; 3.0 ld;fs; 5

3 ld;dpw;F nky; 15

2. xl;L ,uf';fs; 500 fpnyhtpw;F nky; 15

njhl;lf;fiyg; gaph;fs;

1. ,uf';fs;

1.1. jf;fhsp/ fj;jhp/ kpsfha;

kw;Wk; bt';fhak; 5 fpnyhtpw;F nky; 15

1.2. btz:il/ mtiu 25 fpnyhtpw;F nky; 15

2. xl;L ,uf';fs;

2.1. jf;fhsp kw;Wk; fj;jhp 1 fpnyhtpw;F nky; 20

2.2. btz:il 5 fpnyhtpw;F nky; 20


kyh] -33 56

,jH; - 10

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