14 Ocena satelitskih računov za turizem za leto 2003 ter ekstrapolacija za leto 2006 Production of Slovenian tourism, i.e. characteristic tourism industries, of characteristic tourism products in2003 was valued at EUR 2.5 b with the key sector being food and beverage serving services, accounting for over EUR 700 m. Next were other amusement and recreational services with EUR 375 m, mostly due to the developed Slovenian gambling industry. Third place went to hotels and other accommodation services, with production worth EUR 293 m. Slovenian tourism in2003 produced EUR 824 m of value added and EUR 1,229 m of tourism GDP, representing 4.94% of Slovenian GDP. Tourism demand created 30,644 direct jobs and accounted for 3.9% of all Slovenian employed persons. Accounting for indirect influences through other industrial sectors, tourism accounted for EUR 1,912 m, or 7.72% of Slovenian GDP. The key aggregates of Slovenian tourism in2003 are presented in the table on the next page. Table 1: Key tourism aggregates for Slovenia 2003 Source: Own calculations, SURS, STO Category mSIT mEUR Internal tourism consumption 506,358 2,167 Inbound tourism consumption 270,601 1,158 Same-day visitors 116,959 500 Tourists 153,642 657 Domestic tourism consumption 217,963 933 Same-day visitors 108,994 466 Tourists 108,969 466 Tourism value added 192,619 824 Share of tourism value added in the total VA of the economy (%) 3.82% 3.82% Characteristic tourism industries’ VA 158,455 678 Other industries’ VA 34,164 146 Share of characteristic tourism industries in total tourism VA 82.26% 82.26% Tourism GDP 287,164 1,229 Share of tourism in national GDP (%) 4.94% 4.94% GDP of characteristic tourism industries 179,112 766 GDP of other industries 108,051 462 Share of characteristic tourism industries in total tourism GDP 62.37% 62.37% Employment in characteristic tourism industries 30,644 Assessment of total economic impact Tourism value added without domestic business travel 165,079 706 Tourism GDP without domestic business travel 255,352 1,093 Total output of the national economy due to tourism 593,675 2,540 Value added produced in the national economy due to tourism 333,157 1,426 Share of total national value added (%) 6.60% 6.60% GDP of the national economy due to tourism 448,897 1,921 Share of total national GDP (%) 7.72% 7.72% Comparative analysis Direct comparison between the TSA for Slovenia 2003 and TSA for Slovenia 2000 is not possible and may even be misleading, due to important differences in methodological background and available data sources. Although both studies are based on the same international methodology, the TSA 2003 presents significant methodological improvements and follows the TSA Recommended Methodological Framework far more strictly. Allowing for an orientational proxy comparison at the top level, the TSA 2000 indicated that the share of tourism in total GDP was 3.8%, while the TSA 2003 gives a result of 4.9%. The number of tourism-employed people documented by the TSA 2000 was 23,102, while the 2003 calculations show 30,644. International comparison shows that the relative size of Slovenian tourism of 4.94% of total GDP is close to the national economic importance of tourism in Switzerland, while somewhat smaller than in Austria (5.8% of GDP in 2000). In absolute terms, however, Slovenian tourism
15 accounts for less than 10% of the internal tourism consumption of Austria or Switzerland. Comparative structural analysis shows that Slovenian tourism earns a far greater share of its income from same-day tourists than is the case in neighbouring Austria. There, foreign tourists account for over 90% of all inbound tourism consumption, while in Slovenia the respective figure is lower by half. Economic importance of tourism for Slovenia in 2006 by extrapolation of TSA 2003 results Since much key statistical data for 2006 was not yet available when the study was being performed, the authors have had to resort to assessing 2006 tourism performance by extrapolating from the 2003 results. Figures were extrapolated on the basis of carefully estimated growth factors and represent the first informative assessment of the economic importance of tourism for 2006, since a detailed 2006 study via the TSA will only be done in 2009. Extrapolated inbound tourism consumption in 2006 (TSA Table 1) amounts to EUR 1,649 m, with 42.60% going to foreign same-day visitors and the rest to foreign tourists. Expected domestic tourism consumption for 2006 stands at EUR 1,142 m, with 49.7% coming from same-day visitors and trips. Expected outbound tourism consumption stands at EUR 910 m. In the period 2003–2006, employment in characteristic tourism industries increased 7% to 32,885 persons. Tourism value added in 2006 hit EUR 1,088 m, representing 4.11% of national value added produced and an increase of 32% with respect to 2003. Tourism GDP in 2006 reached EUR 1,679 m, representing 5.5% of total national GDP. Statistical estimates indicate strong growth of the tourism industry in the 2003–2006 period, which was higher than overall economic growth, thus increasing the economic importance of tourism within the national economy. However, since these estimations are only extrapolations, the authors advise caution in their interpretation, as they are based on a number of assumptions.