Το Δωδεκάθεο

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Το Δωδεκάθεο

¯Â‰È·ÛÌfi˜ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜, ΛÌÂÓ·, ÁÂÓÈ΋ ÂappleÈ̤ÏÂÈ·: ∫. ÷Ù˙Ë·ÛÏ¿ÓË∂appleÈ̤ÏÂÈ· ÎÂÈ̤ӈÓ: E. K·˚Ì¿Ú·, A. §ÂÔÓÙ‹∂appleÈ̤ÏÂÈ· ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜: ∫. ÷Ù˙Ë·ÛÏ¿ÓË, E. K·˚Ì¿Ú·, A. §ÂÔÓÙ‹ºˆÙÔÁÚ·ÊÈ΋ ÂappleÈ̤ÏÂÈ·: . ª·˘ÚÔÌÌ¿Ù˘¯¤‰È· ·appleÔηٿÛÙ·Û˘ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ ÛÙË ˙ˆÊfiÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·: ηı. M. KÔÚÚ¤˜EÈÎfiÓ· Â͈ʇÏÏÔ˘: . B·Ï·Û¿Î˘∂ÈÎÔÓÔÁÚ¿ÊËÛË: . B·Ï·Û¿Î˘, ª. ∫·ÏÏÈÌfiappleÔ˘ÏÔ˜, π. ªappleÂÓ¤ÎÔ˘∫·ÏÏÈÙ¯ÓÈ΋ ÂappleÈ̤ÏÂÈ·: AltSys¢È·¯ˆÚÈÛÌÔ›: ¢. ϤÛÛ·˜∂ÎÙ‡appleˆÛË: TÛ¿ÎÔ˜-Mapple¤ÓÔ˘-K·Ì·Ú¿‰Ô˘OÚÈṲ̂ӷ ·applefi Ù· ¤ÓÙ˘apple· Ù˘ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜ "∆Ô ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ" ‰ËÌÔÛȇıËÎ·Ó Û ̛· appleÚÒÙË ÌÔÚÊ‹ ÙÔ 1999 ÛÙ· appleÏ·›ÛÈ· ÙÔ˘ appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜"ª∂§π¡∞ – ∂Îapple·›‰Â˘ÛË Î·È ÔÏÈÙÈÛÌfi˜".ÃÔÚËÁfi˜: ÿ‰Ú˘Ì· Ù·‡ÚÔ˜ . ¡È¿Ú¯Ô˜ISBN: 960-214-503-X© 2006, Y∏ƒ∂π∞ À¡∆∏ƒ∏∏ ª¡∏ª∂πø¡ ∞∫ƒ√√§∏ - ∆√ª∂∞ ∂¡∏ª∂ƒø∏ & ∂∫∞π¢∂À∏KOPNH§IA XATZHA§ANH∆· ·Ó·ÛÙËψÙÈο ¤ÚÁ· ÛÙ· ÌÓËÌ›· Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ Û˘Á¯ÚËÌ·ÙÔ‰ÔÙÔ‡ÓÙ·È ·applefi ÙËÓ E˘Úˆapple·˚΋ ŒÓˆÛË.★★★★★★★★★★★★ ★★★KENTPO ME§ETøN TH AKPOO§HM·ÎÚ˘ÁÈ¿ÓÓË 2-4 ñ 117 42 Aı‹Ó·TËÏ.: 210 9239186 ñ F ax: 210 9249333 ñ http://www.ysma.culture.gr


TO ¢ø¢EKA£EOTÔ BÈ‚Ï›Ô Ù˘ MÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜KOPNH§IA XATZHA§ANHH ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈ΋ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ "∆Ô ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ"¤ÁÈÓ Ì ÙËÓ Â˘ÁÂÓÈ΋ ¯ÔÚËÁ›· ÙÔ˘ I‰Ú‡Ì·ÙÔ˜ Ù·‡ÚÔ˜ . NÈ¿Ú¯Ô˜YOYP°EIO O§ITIMOY - YHPEIA YNTHPHH MNHMEIøN AKPOO§H - A’ EºOPEIA PO´TOPIKøN & K§AIKøN APXAIOTHTøN - TOMEA ENHMEPøH & EKAI¢EYH


E˘¯·ÚÈÛٛ˜∏ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈ΋ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ "∆Ô ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ" ‰ÂÓ ı· ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Û ӷ appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈËı› ¯ˆÚ›˜ ÙË‚Ô‹ıÂÈ· appleÔÏÏÒÓ ·ÓıÚÒappleˆÓ Î·È appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔ ÙÔ˘ Û˘˙‡ÁÔ˘ ÌÔ˘, ηıËÁËÙ‹ X·Ú¿Ï·ÌappleÔ˘ MappleÔ‡Ú·.π‰È·›ÙÂÚË ˘apple‹ÚÍÂ Ë Û˘Ì‚ÔÏ‹ ÙˆÓ Û˘ÓÂÚÁ·ÙÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ∆Ì‹Ì·ÙÔ˜, ·Ú¯·ÈÔÏfiÁˆÓ EÈÚ‹Ó˘ K·˚Ì¿Ú· ηÈAÛË̛ӷ˜ §ÂÔÓÙ‹, ÙȘ Ôappleԛ˜ ¢¯·ÚÈÛÙÒ ÁÈ· ÙË Û˘ÓÂÚÁ·Û›· Î·È ÙË ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈ΋ ÙÔ˘˜ ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ·.∏ ÂÍ·ÈÚÂÙÈ΋ ηÏÏÈÙ¯ÓÈ΋ ÂappleÈ̤ÏÂÈ· Ù˘ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜ ÔÊ›ÏÂÙ·È ÛÙËÓ ÿÓ· ªÂϤÁÎÔÁÏÔ˘ (AltSys),Ë ÔappleÔ›· ÂÚÁ¿ÛÙËΠ̠ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ ÂÓıÔ˘ÛÈ·ÛÌfi ·ÊÈÂÚÒÓÔÓÙ·˜ ·ÙÂÏ›ˆÙÔ ¯ÚfiÓÔ. ∆˘ ÔÊ›ÏÔÓÙ·ÈappleÔÏϤ˜ ¢¯·ÚÈÛÙ›Â˜Ø ¯ˆÚ›˜ ·˘Ù‹Ó Ë ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ ‰ÂÓ ı· ›¯Â ÙËÓ ›‰È· appleÔÈfiÙËÙ·.∂apple›Û˘ ¢¯·ÚÈÛٛ˜ ÔÊ›ÏÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔÓ . ª·˘ÚÔÌÌ¿ÙË, appleÔ˘ ›¯Â ÙË ÊˆÙÔÁÚ·ÊÈ΋ ÂappleÈ̤ÏÂÈ· Ù˘ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜.I‰È·›ÙÂÚ˜ ¢¯·ÚÈÛٛ˜ Âapple›Û˘ ÔÊ›ÏÔÓÙ·È:ÙÔÓ Î·ı. M. KÔÚÚ¤, ¤ÚÁ· ÙÔ˘ ÔappleÔ›Ô˘ Â›Ó·È Ù· Û¯¤‰È· ·appleÔηٿÛÙ·Û˘ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ ÛÙË ˙ˆÊfiÚÔÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·.ÙÔÓ ˙ˆÁÚ¿ÊÔ . B·Ï·Û¿ÎË, ¤ÚÁ· ÙÔ˘ ÔappleÔ›Ô˘ Â›Ó·È ÔÈ ıÂÔ› ÛÙȘ ηÚÙ¤ÏϘ Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ̇ıÔ˘˜.ÙÔÓ ˙ˆÁÚ¿ÊÔ ª. ∫·ÏÏÈÌfiappleÔ˘ÏÔ, ¤ÚÁ· ÙÔ˘ ÔappleÔ›Ô˘ Â›Ó·È Ù· ·ÊÈÂڈ̤ӷ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ ˙Ò·Î·È Ê˘Ù¿.ÙË ¢È¢ı‡ÓÙÚÈ· Ù˘ À..ª.∞. ª. πˆ·ÓÓ›‰Ô˘, ÛÙËÓ ÚÔ˚Ûٷ̤ÓË Ù˘ A' ∂..∫.∞. Õ. XˆÚ¤ÌË,ÛÙËÓ ∂apple›ÙÈÌË ŒÊÔÚÔ ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÙ‹ÙˆÓ Ù˘ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ Œ. TÔ˘ÏÔ‡apple· Î·È ÛÙÔÓ Úfi‰ÚÔ ÙÔ˘√.∞.¡.ª.∞. ηıËÁËÙ‹ ¢. ·ÓÙÂÚÌ·Ï‹, ÁÈ· ÙȘ Û˘Ì‚Ô˘Ï¤˜ Î·È ÙË Û˘Ìapple·Ú¿ÛÙ·Û‹ ÙÔ˘˜.∂apple›Û˘ ÛÙȘ ·Ú¯·ÈÔÏfiÁÔ˘˜ Ù˘ A' ∂..∫.∞. . ªÔÛ¯ÔÓËÛÈÒÙË Î·È ¡. ·Ú·Á¿, ÛÙÔ ¡ÔÌÈÛÌ·ÙÈÎfiªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô Î·È È‰È·›ÙÂÚ· ÛÙË ¢È¢ı‡ÓÙÚÈ¿ ÙÔ˘ ¢. ∂˘ÁÂÓ›‰Ô˘ Î·È ÛÙÔÓ ÓÔÌÈÛÌ·ÙÔÏfiÁÔ °. ÙfiÁÈ·, ÛÙÔ∫ÔÈÓˆÊÂϤ˜ ÿ‰Ú˘Ì· ∫ÔÈÓˆÓÈÎÔ‡ Î·È ÔÏÈÙÈÛÙÈÎÔ‡ ŒÚÁÔ˘ (∫.π.∫..∂.) Î·È È‰È·›ÙÂÚ· ÛÙËÓ ÂappleÈÌÂÏ‹ÙÚÈ·Ù˘ Û˘ÏÏÔÁ‹˜ ÙÔ˘, ηıËÁ‹ÙÚÈ· µ. ¤ÓÓ· ηıÒ˜ Âapple›Û˘ Î·È ÛÙÔÓ P. Olalla ÁÈ· ÙË ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ¿ ÙÔ˘˜ÛÙË Û˘ÁΤÓÙÚˆÛË ÊˆÙÔÁÚ·ÊÈÒÓ.ÙË Ê˘ÙÔapple·ıÔÏfiÁÔ ∞. ÃÈÓÙ˙·Ó›‰Ô˘-ª·ÓÔ˘ËÏ›‰Ô˘ ÁÈ· ÙË ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ¿ Ù˘ ÛÙËÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ‹ ÙˆÓ ·ÊÈÂ-ÚˆÌ¤ÓˆÓ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ Ê˘ÙÒÓ, Î·È ÛÙËÓ ·ÎÔ‡Ú·ÛÙË ÂıÂÏfiÓÙÚÈ· ÙÔ˘ ∆Ì‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ §. K·ÛÛ·‚¤ÙË.ÚԤϢÛË ÊˆÙÔÁÚ·ÊÈÒÓ√È ÊˆÙÔÁڷʛ˜ appleÚÔ¤Ú¯ÔÓÙ·È ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ÊÔÚ›˜ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÔappleÔ›Ô˘˜ ÔÊ›ÏÔÓÙ·È¢¯·ÚÈÛٛ˜:ÙËÓ ∂ÏÏ¿‰·:ÙÔ ∆·ÌÂ›Ô ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎÒÓ fiÚˆÓ Î·È ∞apple·ÏÏÔÙÚÈÒÛˆÓ, ηıÒ˜ Î·È ÛÙÔ ∂ıÓÈÎfi ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfiªÔ˘Û›Ô, ÛÙÔ ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô Ù˘ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘, ÛÙÔ ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ∞Ú¯·›·˜∞ÁÔÚ¿˜, ÛÙÔ ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ¢ÂÏÊÒÓ, ÛÙÔ ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ∂ÏÂ˘Û›Ó·˜, ÛÙÔ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô £ÂÛÛ·ÏÔӛ΢, ÛÙÔ ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô √Ï˘Ìapple›·˜, ÛÙÔ ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfiªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ÂÈÚ·È¿, ÛÙÔ ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ¤ÏÏ·˜, ÛÙÔ ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ƒfi‰Ô˘, ÛÙÔªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ªappleÂÓ¿ÎË, ÛÙÔ ¡ÔÌÈÛÌ·ÙÈÎfi ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô Î·È ÛÙÔ ∫.π.∫..∂.ÙÔ ∂͈ÙÂÚÈÎfi:ÙËÓ ∞ÁÁÏ›·, ÛÙÔ µÚÂÙ·ÓÈÎfi ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ÛÙÔ §ÔÓ‰›ÓÔ Î·È ÛÙË City Art Gallery ÛÙÔ Leeds.ÙÔ µ¤ÏÁÈÔ, ÛÙ· Musées Royaux d’Art et d’Histoire ÛÙȘ µÚ˘Í¤ÏϘ.ÙË °·ÏÏ›·, ÛÙÔ ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ÙÔ˘ §Ô‡‚ÚÔ˘ Î·È ÛÙË Bibliothèque Nationale ÛÙÔ ·Ú›ÛÈ.ÙË °ÂÚÌ·Ó›·, ÛÙ· Staatliche Museen ÛÙÔ µÂÚÔÏ›ÓÔ, ÛÙ· Staatliche Museen ÛÙÔ Kassel Î·È ÛÙÔWallraf- Richartz-Museum ÛÙËÓ ∫Ôψӛ·, ÛÙ· Staatliche Museen Î·È ÛÙË Neue Pinakothek ÛÙÔªfiÓ·¯Ô.ÙȘ ∏..∞., ÛÙÔ Metropolitan Museum of Art ÛÙËÓ ¡. ÀfiÚÎË, ÛÙË National Gallery of Art ηÈÛÙÔ Smithsonian Museum ÛÙË Washington D.C., ÛÙÔ Museum of Fine Arts ÛÙË µÔÛÙÒÓË Î·È ÛÙÔJ. P. Getty Museum ÛÙÔ Los Angeles.ÙËÓ πÛapple·Ó›·, ÛÙÔ Museo Prado ÛÙË ª·‰Ú›ÙË.ÙËÓ πÙ·Ï›·, ÛÙ· ªÔ˘Û›· ÙÔ˘ µ·ÙÈηÓÔ‡, ÛÙÔ Museo Nazionale Romano Î·È ÛÙË Villa BorgheseÛÙË ƒÒÌË, ÛÙÔ ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ÛÙË ¡Â¿appleÔÏË, ÛÙÔ ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ÛÙËÓTarquinia, ÛÙËÓ ÈÓ·ÎÔı‹ÎË Uffizi Î·È ÛÙÔ Museo Nazionale del Borgello ÛÙË ºÏˆÚÂÓÙ›·.ÙË ƒˆÛ›·, ÛÙÔ ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ÙÔ˘ Hermitage ÛÙËÓ ∞Á›· ÂÙÚÔ‡appleÔÏË.ÙÔÓ . ª·˘ÚÔÌÌ¿ÙË ÔÊ›ÏÔÓÙ·È fiϘ ÔÈ ÊˆÙÔÁڷʛ˜ ÙÔ˘ ·Ú¯Â›Ô˘ Ì·˜ ηıÒ˜ Âapple›Û˘ ÔÈ ÊˆÙÔ-Áڷʛ˜ ·applefi Ù· ÁÏ˘appleÙ¿ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·, ÙfiÛÔ ·applefi ÙÔ ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô Ù˘ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ fiÛÔ Î·È ·applefiÙÔ µÚÂÙ·ÓÓÈÎfi ªÔ˘Û›Ô, fiϘ ÔÈ ÊˆÙÔÁڷʛ˜ ÙˆÓ ÁÏ˘appleÙÒÓ ·applefi Ù· ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈο ªÔ˘Û›· Ù˘∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘, Ù˘ ∂ÏÂ˘Û›Ó·˜, ÙÔ˘ ÂÈÚ·È¿, ηıÒ˜ Î·È ÔÈ ÊˆÙÔÁڷʛ˜ Ù˘ ∞ıËÓ¿˜ ÙÔ˘µ·Ú‚·Î›Ԣ, Ù˘ ∞ÊÚÔ‰›Ù˘ ·applefi ÙÔ Û‡ÌappleÏÂÁÌ· "∞ÊÚÔ‰›Ù˘, ·Ófi˜ Î·È ŒÚˆÙ·" Î·È ÙÔ˘ ·Ó·-ıËÌ·ÙÈÎÔ‡ ·Ó·ÁχÊÔ˘ Ù˘ ∂ÏÂ˘Û›Ó·˜ ·applefi ÙÔ ∂ıÓÈÎfi ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ªÔ˘Û›Ô.∆· ¤ÚÁ· Ì·ıËÙÒÓ appleÔ˘ ‰ËÌÔÛȇÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ ‚È‚Ï›Ô appleÚÔ¤Ú¯ÔÓÙ·È ·applefi ÂÚÁ·Û›Â˜ appleÔ˘ apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿-ÛÙËÎ·Ó ÛÙ· ˘Ó¤‰ÚÈ· ∂Îapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÒÓ appleÔ˘ ¤¯ÂÈ ‰ÈÔÚÁ·ÓÒÛÂÈ Ë ÀappleËÚÂÛ›· Ì·˜. ÚfiÎÂÈÙ·È ÁÈ· Ù·apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ Û¯ÔÏ›· Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ÙÔ˘˜:1Ô °˘ÌÓ¿ÛÈÔ §·˘Ú›Ô˘ (ª. ªappleÂÚ¤ÙË) ñ 3Ô °˘ÌÓ¿ÛÈÔ µ‡ÚˆÓ· (∞. ∑·‚ÈÙÛ¿ÓÔ˘) ñ 4Ô °˘ÌÓ¿ÛÈÔÂÙÚÔ‡appleÔÏ˘ (∂. ÷ڷϿÌappleÔ˘˜) ñ 5Ô °˘ÌÓ¿ÛÈÔ . º·Ï‹ÚÔ˘ (ª. §Ô˘‚ÂÚ‰‹) ñ 5Ô ¢ËÌÔÙÈÎfi¯ÔÏÂ›Ô MÔÛ¯¿ÙÔ˘ (•. ·appleÔ˘Ï›‰Ô˘) ñ 9Ô °˘ÌÓ¿ÛÈÔ-§‡ÎÂÈÔ ÂÈÚ·È¿ (∫. ÔÙfiÁÏÔ˘) ñ 12Ô§‡ÎÂÈÔ ÂÈÚ·È¿ (∫. ÔÙfiÁÏÔ˘) ñ 14Ô °˘ÌÓ¿ÛÈÔ ÂÚÈÛÙÂÚ›Ô˘ (¡. ·ÏËÔÎÒÛÙ·) ñ 24Ô °˘ÌÓ¿ÛÈÔ∞ı‹Ó·˜ (∞. ªappleÔ‡Ú¯·) ñ 53Ô °˘ÌÓ¿ÛÈÔ ∞ıËÓÒÓ (∑. ÷Ù˙‹) ñ °˘ÌÓ¿ÛÈÔ ¢·‡ÏÂÈ·˜ µÔȈٛ·˜(§. ∫¯·ÁÈ¿ & ∫. ·apple·Î˘ÚÈ·ÎÔ‡) ñ °˘ÌÓ¿ÛÈÔ Î¿Ï·˜ øÚˆappleÔ‡ (ª. ∆˙‚ÂϤÎÔ˘) ñ §ÂfiÓÙÂÈÔ§‡ÎÂÈÔ ¡. ̇ÚÓ˘ (À. ∫ˆ‚·›Ô˘) ñ ÂÈÚ·Ì·ÙÈÎfi °˘ÌÓ¿ÛÈÔ ∞Ó·‚Ú‡ÙˆÓ (¢. ÂÙÚÔappleÔ‡ÏÔ˘-¢ËÌËÙÚ¿ÎË) ñ ¯ÔÏ‹ Campion (°. ƒ¿ÏÏË, §. ∑·ÊÂÈÚÔappleÔ‡ÏÔ˘, ¢. ¡·ÓÔappleÔ‡ÏÔ˘) ñ ¯ÔÏ‹ªˆÚ·˝ÙË (∆. ∑ËÛÈ¿‰Ô˘). fiÏÔ˘˜ ÔÊ›ÏÔÓÙ·È È‰È·›ÙÂÚ˜ ¢¯·ÚÈÛٛ˜.


A applefi ÙËÓ appleÚÔ˚ÛÙÔÚÈ΋ appleÂÚ›Ô‰Ô ¤ˆ˜ ÙËÓ ÂappleÈÎÚ¿ÙËÛË ÙÔ˘ XÚÈÛÙÈ·ÓÈÛÌÔ‡ ÙÔÓ 4Ô Ì.X. ·ÈÒÓ· ÔÈ ŒÏÏËÓ˜ Î·È ÛÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· ÔÈ PˆÌ·›ÔÈ,Ï¿ÙÚ¢·Ó ıÂÔ‡˜ Î·È ı¤˜, appleÔ˘ ηٿ ÙȘ apple·Ú·‰fiÛÂȘ ÙÔ˘˜ ˙Ô‡Û·Ó ÛÙȘ ·apple¿ÙËÙ˜ ÎÔÚ˘Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ OχÌappleÔ˘. EappleÚfiÎÂÈÙÔ ÁÈ· Ì›· ıÚËÛΛ·appleÔÏ˘Û‡ÓıÂÙË Î·È ¿ÌÂÛ· Û˘Ó‰Â‰Â̤ÓË Ì ̛· Â˘Ê¿ÓÙ·ÛÙË Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁ›·, ÛÙËÓ ÔappleÔ›· ›¯·Ó ı¤ÛË ÔÈ ÁÂӿگ˜ ÙˆÓ ∂ÏÏ‹ÓˆÓ, ÔÈ ‹ÚˆÂ˜ ÂÓfi˜·Û·ÊÔ‡˜ ·ÏÏ¿ ÂÓ‰fiÍÔ˘ apple·ÚÂÏıfiÓÙÔ˜ Î·È Î˘Ú›ˆ˜ ÔÈ ÙfiappleÔÈ, Ù· ‚Ô˘Ó¿, Ù· appleÔÙ¿ÌÈ· Î·È ÔÈ ı¿Ï·ÛÛ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÂÏÏËÓÈÎÔ‡ ¯ÒÚÔ˘. OÈ appleÔÏ˘¿ÚÈı̘·˘Ù¤˜ ÈÛÙÔڛ˜, Ì ÙȘ apple·Ú·ÏÏ·Á¤˜ ÙÔ˘˜, ÔÈ Ì‡ıÔÈ ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ‰Ò‰Âη ·ı¿Ó·ÙÔ˘˜ ÎÔÚ˘Ê·›Ô˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ Î·È ÁÈ· ¤Ó·Ó ÔÏfiÎÏËÚÔ ÎfiÛÌÔ ·applefiÌÈÎÚfiÙÂÚ˜ ıÂfiÙËÙ˜, ÂÓ¤appleÓÂ˘Û·Ó Î·È ÙÚÔÊÔ‰fiÙËÛ·Ó Ì ı¤Ì·Ù· Âapple› ¯ÈÏÈ¿‰Â˜ ¯ÚfiÓÈ·, ÙfiÛÔ Î·Ù¿ ÙËÓ appleÚÔ¯ÚÈÛÙÈ·ÓÈ΋ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ· fiÛÔÎ·È ÌÂÙ¿ ÙËÓ AÓ·Á¤ÓÓËÛË ÛÙËÓ E˘ÚÒappleË, appleÔÈËÙ¤˜, ÏÔÁÔÙ¤¯Ó˜, ÌÔ˘ÛÈÎÔ‡˜, ˙ˆÁÚ¿ÊÔ˘˜, ÁχappleÙ˜, Ì ̛· ϤÍË ÙÔÓ appleÔÏÈÙÈÛÌfi.ªÂ ıÂÌ·ÙÈÎfi ¿ÍÔÓ· ÙÔ˘˜ ‰Ò‰Âη ıÂÔ‡˜ ÙÔ˘ √χÌappleÔ˘, fiappleˆ˜ ·appleÂÈÎÔÓ›˙ÔÓÙ·È ÛÙo ̤ÛÔÓ Ù˘ ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈ΋˜ ˙ˆÊfiÚÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ ÎÔÚ˘Ê·›Ô˘ Ó·Ô‡Ù˘ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·˜, ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·, Ë ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ "∆Ô ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ" ¤¯ÂÈ Û¯Â‰È·Ûı› ¤ÙÛÈ ÒÛÙ ӷ appleÚÔÛÂÏ·ÂÈ ÙÔ ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘-ÙÈÎÒÓ Î·È Ì·ıËÙÒÓ ÁÈ· ÙË Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Ù¤¯ÓË Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ ∂ÏÏ¿‰·˜ ¢ڇÙÂÚ·.∏ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ ·appleÔÙÂÏÂ›Ù·È ·applefi ‰È¿ÊÔÚ· ·ÓÂÍ¿ÚÙËÙ· ¤ÓÙ˘apple· Î·È apple·È¯Ó›‰È· appleÔ˘ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· Û˘Ó‰˘·ÛıÔ‡Ó ÌÂٷ͇ ÙÔ˘˜ ¤ÙÛÈÒÛÙ ӷ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÔ˘Ó Ì›· appleÔχappleÏ¢ÚË appleÚÔÛ¤ÁÁÈÛË ÂÓfi˜ Û‡ÓıÂÙÔ˘ ı¤Ì·ÙÔ˜, ÌÂ Â˘Ú‡Ù·Ù˜ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈΤ˜ ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ˜.√ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi˜ ÙËÓ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ› ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙȘ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ÁÈ· ÙÔ Ì¿ıËÌ· Î·È ÙÔÓ ÙÚfiappleÔ ‰È‰·Ûηϛ·˜, Ì Ùˉȷı¤ÛÈÌË ˘appleÔ‰ÔÌ‹ ÙÔ˘ Û¯ÔÏ›Ԣ Û ‚È‚Ï›· Î·È ÂappleÔappleÙÈο ̤۷ ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ì ÙËÓ Â˘Î·ÈÚ›· ÂappleÈÛΤ„ÂˆÓ ÛÂÌÔ˘Û›· Î·È ·Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎÔ‡˜ ¯ÒÚÔ˘˜.Ùfi¯Ô˜ Ù˘ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜ Â›Ó·È Ó· ‰ÒÛÂÈ Û ̷ıËÙ¤˜ Î·È ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ÙË ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ· Ó·appleÚÔÛÂÁÁ›ÛÔ˘Ó ÙÔÓ ·apple¤Ú·ÓÙÔ appleÏÔ‡ÙÔ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ Î·È Ù˘ Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓ˘ Ù¤¯Ó˘, Ó· ÁÓˆÚ›ÛÔ˘Ó ÌÂÚÈ-ÎÔ‡˜ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ appleÈÔ ˆÚ·›Ô˘˜ ̇ıÔ˘˜ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·˜ ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ó· Û˘Û¯ÂÙ›ÛÔ˘Ó Ù· apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ ̯ÒÚÔ˘˜, ÌÓËÌ›· Î·È ÙËÓ ÈÛÙÔÚ›· ÙÔ˘ ÙfiappleÔ˘ fiappleÔ˘ ˙Ô˘Ó.TÔ ‚È‚Ï›Ô ·˘Ùfi ·appleÔÙÂÏ› Ì›· Û˘ÓÔappleÙÈ΋ apple·ÚÔ˘Û›·ÛË Ù˘ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈ΋˜ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜ "TÔ ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ".ÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ Ì›· ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ ÛÙË Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ÙËÓ Ù¤¯ÓË ÙˆÓ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ ∂ÏÏ‹ÓˆÓ, appleÂÚÈÁÚ¿ÊÂÈ Î·È Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÈ ÌÂٷ͇ ÙÔ˘˜ Ù· ‰È¿ÊÔÚ· appleÂÚÈÂ-¯fiÌÂÓ· ¤ÓÙ˘apple· Î·È apple·È¯Ó›‰È·, apple·Ú¤¯ÂÈ Ô‰ËÁ›Â˜ ·ÍÈÔappleÔ›ËÛ‹˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ηıÒ˜ Î·È appleÚÔÙ¿ÛÂȘ appleÚÔ˜ ÙÔÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi.·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· ÙÔ ‚È‚Ï›Ô ·˘Ùfi ¤¯ÂÈ Û¯Â‰È·Ûı› ÒÛÙ ӷ ¤¯ÂÈ ·˘ÙÔÙ¤ÏÂÈ· Î·È Ó· ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈËı› Î·È ·ÓÂÍ¿ÚÙËÙ· ·applefi ÙË ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹.∏ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ "∆Ô ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ" ‰ÂÓ ı· ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Û ӷ appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈËı› ¯ˆÚ›˜ ÙË ÁÂÓÓ·Èfi‰ˆÚË ¯ÔÚËÁ›· ÙÔ˘ π‰Ú‡Ì·ÙÔ˜ Ù·‡ÚÔ˜. ¡È¿Ú¯Ô˜, ÛÙÔ ÔappleÔ›Ô ÔÊ›ÏÔÓÙ·È ıÂÚÌfiٷ٘ ¢¯·ÚÈÛٛ˜.


O È ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈΤ˜ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜ ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó ¤Ó· appleÔχappleÏ¢ÚÔ ÂappleÔappleÙÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfi ÂÎapple·›‰Â˘Û˘ appleÔ˘ ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈ› ÙË Ê·ÓÙ·Û›· Î·È ÙË ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÈÎfiÙËÙ· ÙÔ˘apple·È‰ÈÔ‡. ÂÚȤ¯Ô˘Ó ‚È‚Ï›·, ÂÈÎfiÓ˜, apple·È¯Ó›‰È·, appleÚÔappleÏ¿ÛÌ·Ù· ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓ ÎÈ ·ÓÙ›ÁÚ·Ê· ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ ·ÓÙÈÎÂÈ̤ӈÓ, Ù· ÔappleÔ›· ˆ˜ Û‡ÓÔÏÔ ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó ¤Ó· ÂȉÈοۯ‰ȷṲ̂ÓÔ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfi ÂÓ·ÏÏ·ÎÙÈ΋˜ ‰È‰·Ûηϛ·˜ ÛÙËÓ Ù¿ÍË ‹ Û οappleÔÈÔÓ ¿ÏÏÔ ¯ÒÚÔ appleÔÏÈÙÈÛÌÈ΋˜ ·Ó·ÊÔÚ¿˜. TÔ ·Ú¯¤Ù˘appleÔ ÙÔ˘ ÎÏÂÈÛÙÔ‡ÎÔ˘ÙÈÔ‡ ÁÂÌ¿ÙÔ˘ Ì ‰ÒÚ· Û˘Ó‰˘¿˙ÂÙ·È Ì ÙȘ Ӥ˜ Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›Â˜, ÙÔ Î›ÌÂÓÔ Û˘Ó‰˘¿˙ÂÙ·È Ì ÙËÓ ÂÈÎfiÓ· Î·È ÙÔ ·ÓÙÈΛÌÂÓÔ, ¤ÙÛÈ ÒÛÙÂ Ë Ì¿ıËÛË Ó· Á›ÓÂٷȤӷ ÁÔËÙ¢ÙÈÎfi apple·È¯Ó›‰È.√ ∆Ô̤·˜ ∂ÓË̤ڈÛ˘ Î·È ∂Îapple·›‰Â˘Û˘ Ù˘ ÀappleËÚÂÛ›·˜ ˘ÓÙ‹ÚËÛ˘ ªÓËÌ›ˆÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ› Û˘ÛÙËÌ·ÙÈο ÙȘ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜ Û fiϘ ÙÔ˘ÙȘ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈΤ˜ ‰Ú·ÛÙËÚÈfiÙËÙ˜. OÈ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ∆Ô̤·, ·Ó Î·È Â›Ó·È ıÂÌ·ÙÈο ·ÓÂÍ¿ÚÙËÙ˜, ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· Û˘Óı¤ÛÔ˘Ó ÎÈ ¤Ó· Û‡ÓÔÏÔ, ̤۷ ·applefiÙÔ ÔappleÔ›Ô appleÚÔÛÂÁÁ›˙ÂÙ·È Ì Ӥ· ̤۷ Ô appleÔÏÈÙÈÛÌfi˜ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ EÏÏ¿‰·˜. ªappleÚÔÛÙ¿ ÛÙ· Ì¿ÙÈ· ÙˆÓ Ì·ıËÙÒÓ ˙ˆÓÙ·Ó‡ÂÈ ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘Ê· Ë ÂÈÎfiÓ· ÂÓfi˜ Ï·ÌappleÚÔ‡·Ú¯·›Ô˘ IÂÚÔ‡ (ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ "¿Ì ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË"), fiappleÔ˘ Ï·ÙÚ‡ÔÓÙ·Ó ÔÈ ıÂÔ› (ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ "TÔ ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ"), ̤۷ Û ÌÂÁ·ÏÔappleÚÂapple›˜ Ó·Ô‡˜(ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ "ŒÓ·˜ AÚ¯·›Ô˜ N·fi˜") ¯ÙÈṲ̂ÓÔ˘˜ ·applefi Ì¿ÚÌ·ÚÔ (ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ "§ÈıÔÍÔ˚΋"),ÛÙÔÏÈṲ̂ÓÔ˘˜ Ì ÁÏ˘appleÙ¿ ÌÔÓ·‰È΋˜ Ù¤¯Ó˘ (ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ "H ZˆÊfiÚÔ˜ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·"). ÚÔÛ΢ÓËÙ¤˜ ÓÙ˘Ì¤ÓÔÈ Ì ˘apple¤ÚÔ¯· ÚÔ‡¯· (ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔ-Û΢‹ "∞Ú¯·›· ∂ÏÏËÓÈ΋ ∂Ó‰˘Ì·Û›·") Û˘ÌÌÂÙ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÛÙȘ ·Ú¯·›Â˜ ÁÈÔÚÙ¤˜,Ì ÙË ÌÔ˘ÛÈ΋ apple·ÓÙ·¯Ô‡ apple·ÚÔ‡Û· (ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ "∞Ú¯·›· ∂ÏÏËÓÈοªÔ˘ÛÈο ŸÚÁ·Ó·"). O ÎfiÛÌÔ˜ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·˜ appleÚÔÛÂÁÁ›˙ÂÙ·È ¤ÙÛÈ ·applefiÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ì ¢¯¿ÚÈÛÙÔ Î·È ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÈÎfi ÙÚfiappleÔ. ·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿-˙ÂÙ·È Ë Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓË ÂappleÈÛÙËÌÔÓÈ΋ ¤Ú¢ӷ Î·È ÙÔ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ Ù¯ÓÈÎfi ¤ÚÁÔ appleÔ˘Û˘ÓÙÂÏÂ›Ù·È Û‹ÌÂÚ· ÛÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË (ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ "∞Ó·ÛÙËÏÒÓÔÓÙ·˜ Ù·ªÓËÌ›· Ù˘ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘").√È ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜ ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó ‰·ÓÂÈÛÙÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfi Û ۯÔÏ›·, ·ÏÏ¿ Ù· appleÂÚÈÛ-ÛfiÙÂÚ· ¤ÓÙ˘apple· appleÔ˘ ÙȘ Û˘ÓÔ‰Â‡Ô˘Ó ˘apple¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó Û „ËÊȷ΋ ÌÔÚÊ‹ ÛÙԢȷ‰›ÎÙ˘Ô, fiappleÔ˘ ÌappleÔÚ›Ù Âapple›Û˘ Ó· ‚Ú›Ù ·Ó·Ï˘ÙÈΤ˜ appleÂÚÈÁڷʤ˜ fiÏˆÓ ÙˆÓÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢ÒÓ Ù˘ ÀappleËÚÂÛ›·˜.


7TO ¢ø¢EKA£EO – MY£O§O°IA KAI TEXNH∏ ˙ˆÊfiÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ· ·appleÔÙÂÏ› ¤Ó· ÂÍ·›ÚÂÙÔ ¤ÚÁÔ ÁÏ˘appleÙÈ΋˜, ¤Ó· ÛappleÔ˘‰·›Ô ÌÓËÌÂ›Ô ÛÙËÓ ÈÛÙÔÚ›· Ù˘ Ù¤¯Ó˘. ·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· ¤¯ÂÈ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ appleÓÂ˘Ì·ÙÈ-Îfi appleÂÚȯfiÌÂÓÔ Î·È ÂÎÊÚ¿˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ ·ıËÓ·˚΋ ¢ËÌÔÎÚ·Ù›· ÛÙËÓ Î·Ï‡ÙÂÚ‹ Ù˘ ÛÙÈÁÌ‹ ηٿ ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·. ÙÔ ÎÂÓÙÚÈÎfiÙÂÚÔ ÙÌ‹Ì· Ù˘, Âapple¿Óˆ ·applefi ÙËÓ›ÛÔ‰Ô ÙÔ˘ Ó·Ô‡, ·appleÂÈÎÔÓ›˙ÔÓÙ·È ÔÈ ‰Ò‰Âη ·Ú¯·›ÔÈ ıÂÔ›, ÔÈ ÎÔÚ˘Ê·›ÔÈ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ ıÚËÛΛ·˜, ηıÈÛÙÔ›, ÌÂÁ·ÏÔappleÚÂapple›˜, Û‚¿ÛÌÈÔÈ, ̷οÚÈÔÈ, ÊÈÏÔÙÂ-¯ÓË̤ÓÔÈ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ ÁÓˆÛÙfiÙÂÚÔ˘˜ ÁχappleÙ˜ Ù˘ ·Ú›ÛÙ˘ ÂappleÔ¯‹˜.H ·Ú¯·›· ·˘Ù‹ ıÚËÛΛ· ‰È¤ÁÚ·„ ̛· ÂÓÙ˘appleˆÛȷ΋ ÙÚԯȿ ÛÙËÓ ÈÛÙÔÚ›· Ù˘ ·ÓıÚˆapplefiÙËÙ·˜, ·applefi ÙÔ ·Î·ıfiÚÈÛÙÔ ‰¤Ô˜ ÙÔ˘ appleÚˆÙfiÁÔÓÔ˘ ·ÓıÚÒappleÔ˘ appleÔ˘appleÚÔÛapple·ı› Ó· ‰·Ì¿ÛÂÈ ÙË Á‡Úˆ ʇÛË, ÛÙË Û˘ÏÏÔÁÈ΋ Ï·ÙÚ›· ÁÈ· ÙËÓ appleÚÔÛÙ·Û›· Ù˘ applefiÏ˘ Î·È ·ÚÁfiÙÂÚ· Û ̛· ·ÓÙ›ÏË„Ë ËıÈ΋˜ Î·È ‰ÈηÈÔÛ‡Ó˘ ÁÈ· ÙËÓappleÚÔ·ÁˆÁ‹ ÙÔ˘ ÎÔÈÓˆÓÈÎÔ‡ ‚›Ô˘ appleÔ˘ ÍÂappleÂÚÓÔ‡Û ÙÔ˘˜ ˆÚ·›Ô˘˜ ̇ıÔ˘˜. A˘Ùfi ‰ÂÓ ÛËÌ·›ÓÂÈ fiÙÈ Ë ·Ú¯·›· apple›ÛÙË ÛÙÔ˘˜ OχÌappleÈÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ ¤¯·Û ÙË ıÚËÛ΢-ÙÈ΋ Ù˘ ˘applefiÛÙ·ÛË ‹ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÏË„Ë ÌÈ·˜ Û¯¤Û˘ appleÔ˘ ·ÓÙ·appleÔÎÚÈÓfiÙ·Ó ÛÙȘ ÌÂÙ·Ê˘ÛÈΤ˜ ·ÁˆÓ›Â˜ ÙˆÓ ·ÓıÚÒappleˆÓ. H appleÚÔÙ›ÌËÛË ÙˆÓ ıÚËÛ΢fiÌÂÓˆÓ EÏÏ‹ÓˆÓÎ·È PˆÌ·›ˆÓ ÛÙȘ Ì˘ÛÙËÚȷΤ˜ Ï·ÙÚ›˜ ηٿ Ù· Ô„ÈÌfiÙÂÚ· ¯ÚfiÓÈ· Ì·ÚÙ˘Ú› ·ÎÚÈ‚Ò˜ ÙË ‰È·Ù‹ÚËÛË ·˘Ù‹˜ Ù˘ Û¯¤Û˘ ¤ˆ˜ ÙÔ Ù¤ÏÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘ ÎfiÛÌÔ˘.AÏÏ¿ ÁÈ· ÂÌ¿˜ Ë ·Ú¯·›· ÂÏÏËÓÈ΋ Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ıÂÔÏÔÁ›· ·appleÔÎÙ¿ ¤Ó· ¿ÏÏÔ ÓfiËÌ·. ¢‡ÛÎÔÏ· ı· ηٷÓÔ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙÔ Ì‹Ó˘Ì· Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ Ù¤¯Ó˘ ¯ˆÚ›˜ÙË ÁÓˆÚÈÌ›· Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜. Ÿappleˆ˜ Î·È Û ÔÏfiÎÏËÚË Û¯Â‰fiÓ ÙË ¯ÚÈÛÙÈ·ÓÈ΋ E˘ÚÒappleË, ·applefi ÙÔÓ 15Ô ·ÈÒÓ· ¤ˆ˜ Û‹ÌÂÚ·, ÌÂÚÈο ·applefi Ù· ˆÚ·ÈfiÙÂÚ· ¤ÚÁ·Ù¤¯Ó˘ ¤¯Ô˘Ó apple¿ÚÂÈ ı¤Ì·Ù· ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ √χÌappleÈÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ÁÔËÙ¢ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ̇ıÔ˘˜ Á‡Úˆ ·applefi ·˘ÙÔ‡˜. OÈ ·Ú¯·›ÔÈ ŒÏÏËÓ˜ ¤‰ˆÛ·Ó ÛÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜fi¯È ÌfiÓÔÓ ·ÓıÚÒappleÈÓË ÌÔÚÊ‹ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È È‰ÈfiÙËÙ˜, ·ÎfiÌ· Î·È ·‰˘Ó·Ì›Â˜ ·ÓıÚÒappleÈÓ˜. O ·ÓıÚˆappleÔÌÔÚÊÈÛÌfi˜ ·˘Ùfi˜ ΢ÚÈÔÏÂÎÙÈο ÛÊÚ¿ÁÈÛ ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›·ÂÏÏËÓÈ΋ Ù¤¯ÓË. Ÿappleˆ˜ ÁÚ¿ÊÂÈ Ô N. ·apple·¯·Ù˙‹˜ "...H ȉÈfiÙ˘appleË Û¯¤ÛË Ù˘ Âapple›ÛËÌ˘ ÂÏÏËÓÈ΋˜ ıÚËÛΛ·˜ Ì ÙËÓ Ù¤¯ÓË ÙˆÓ ÎÏ·ÛÈÎÒÓ ¯ÚfiÓˆÓ Â›Ó·È ¤Ó·Ê·ÈÓfiÌÂÓÔ ÌÔÓ·‰ÈÎfi ÛÙËÓ apple·ÁÎfiÛÌÈ· ÈÛÙÔÚ›·. H appleÏ·ÛÙÈ΋, Ë ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋, Ë appleÔ›ËÛË Î·È Ë ˙ˆÁÚ·ÊÈ΋ ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·Ó ·appleÔÎÏÂÈÛÙÈο ÛÙËÓ ˘appleËÚÂÛ›· Ù˘ıÚËÛΛ·˜ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ Î·È ÙˆÓ ËÚÒˆÓ...".John Flaxman, 1805TO ¢ø¢EKA£EO – MY£O§O°IA KAI TEXNH


8TO ¢ø¢EKA£EO – MY£O§O°IA KAI TEXNHOÈ ·Ú¯·›ÔÈ ¤‰ˆÛ·Ó ÛÙÔ˘˜ OχÌappleÈÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ ÌÔÚÊ‹ Î·È Û‡Ì‚ÔÏ· Î·È ¤ÙÛÈ ÙË ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ· ·Ó·ÁÓÒÚÈÛ˘ Î·È appleÚÔÛ¤ÁÁÈÛ˘ ·applefi fiÏÔ˘˜. T· ÌÂÁ¿Ï·ÂappleÒÓ˘Ì· Î·È ı·˘Ì·ÛÙ¿ ¤ÚÁ· Ù¤¯Ó˘, ·˘Ù¿ appleÔ˘ ¿ÊËÛ·Ó ÂappleÔ¯‹ ÛÙÔÓ ·Ú¯·›Ô ÎfiÛÌÔ, apple·Ú›ÛÙ·Ó·Ó ıÂÔ‡˜ Ì ¤ÍÔ¯Ô ·ÓıÚÒappleÈÓÔ Î¿ÏÏÔ˜ ÂÓÒ apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ·,¯ÚËÛÙÈο ηıËÌÂÚÈÓ¿ ÛÎÂ‡Ë ‹ Ù·appleÂÈÓ¿ Ù·ÊÈο ·ÊÈÂÚÒÌ·Ù·, apple¿ÏÈ Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ ‰È·ÎÔÛÌÔ‡ÓÙ·Ó. TÔ ¤appleÔ˜ ‰ÈËÁÂ›Ù·È ÈÛÙÔڛ˜ ıÂÒÓ Î·È ËÚÒˆÓ Î·È ËÙÚ·Áˆ‰›· ›¯Â ˆ˜ ·ÊÂÙËÚ›· ÙË Ï·˚΋ Ï·ÙÚ›· ÂÓfi˜ ·applefi ·˘ÙÔ‡˜, ÙÔ˘ ¢ÈÔÓ‡ÛÔ˘. ŒÙÛÈ Î·Ù¿ ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ· ÔÈ ıÂÔ› ¤ÁÈÓ·Ó ÔÈ ›‰ÈÔÈ Û‡Ì‚ÔÏ· ·ÏÏ¿ ηÈappleÚÔÛٿ٘ fiÏˆÓ ÙˆÓ ÂÎÊ¿ÓÛÂˆÓ Ù˘ ˙ˆ‹˜.ªÂ ÙËÓ ÂappleÈÎÚ¿ÙËÛË ÙÔ˘ ÃÚÈÛÙÈ·ÓÈÛÌÔ‡ ÙÔÓ 4Ô Î·È ÙÔÓ 5Ô ·ÈÒÓ· ÔÈ Ì‡ıÔÈ ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ ¤apple·„·Ó Ó· ¤¯Ô˘Ó Û¯¤ÛË Ì ÙË ıÚËÛΛ·. ¢ÂÓ ¤apple·„·Ó fï˜ Ó·Â›Ó·È ÁÓˆÛÙÔ› Î·È ÁÔËÙ¢ÙÈÎÔ›, ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ÌÔÚʈ̤ÓÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘Ï¿¯ÈÛÙÔÓ. ∆fiÛÔ ÛÙÔ µ˘˙¿ÓÙÈÔ fiÛÔ Î·È ÛÙÔÓ ¢˘ÙÈÎfi ªÂÛ·›ˆÓ· apple·Ú·ÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ ·applefi ÙË Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁ›·fiappleˆ˜ Î·È ¿ÏÏ· ÂÏÏËÓÈο ı¤Ì·Ù· (˙҉ȷ, appleÚÔÛˆappleÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÂȘ Î.¿.) ‰ÂÓ Â›Ó·È ¿ÁÓˆÛÙ˜ Û ¤ÚÁ· ÌË ıÚËÛ΢ÙÈ΋˜ Ù¤¯Ó˘.∆· appleÚ¿ÁÌ·Ù· ·ÏÏ¿˙Ô˘Ó ÛÙËÓ ∂˘ÚÒappleË ·applefi ÙÔÓ 15Ô ·ÈÒÓ· Î·È ÂÍ‹˜, fiÙ·Ó ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›˙ÔÓÙ·È Î·È apple¿ÏÈ ÔÈ ·Í›Â˜ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·˜ Î·È ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÂ›Ù·È ¤ÓÙÔÓÔÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ ·Ú¯Èο ÁÈ· Ù· ÁÚ·appleÙ¿ ΛÌÂÓ· Î·È ·ÚÁfiÙÂÚ· ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Ù¤¯ÓË Ù˘. ∏Á¤Ù˜, ‰È·ÓÔÔ‡ÌÂÓÔÈ Î·È Î·ÏÏÈÙ¤¯Ó˜ ÛÙÔÓ Â˘Úˆapple·˚Îfi ¯ÒÚÔ Î·Ù¿ ÙÔ˘˜ apple¤ÓÙÂÙÂÏÂ˘Ù·›Ô˘˜ ·ÈÒÓ˜, ·˘ÙÔ› appleÔ˘ ‰ËÌÈÔ‡ÚÁËÛ·Ó ÙÔÓ ¢˘ÙÈÎfi appleÔÏÈÙÈÛÌfi, Á·ÏÔ˘¯‹ıËÎ·Ó Ì ٷ ÂappleÈÙ‡ÁÌ·Ù· ÙˆÓ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ Î·È Ù· ÂÓ¤Ù·Í·Ó ÛÙË ‰È΋ ÙÔ˘˜ ˙ˆ‹Î·È Ù¤¯ÓË. √È Î‡ÚȘ appleËÁ¤˜ ¤ÌappleÓ¢Û˘ ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ÁχappleÙ˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ˙ˆÁÚ¿ÊÔ˘˜, apple¤Ú· ·applefi ÙËÓ ·Ï·È¿ Î·È ÙËÓ ∫·ÈÓ‹ ¢È·ı‹ÎË, Â›Ó·È ÙÒÚ· Ë ÈÛÙÔÚ›· Î·È ÔÈ̇ıÔÈ Ù˘ ∂ÏÏËÓÔڈ̷˚΋˜ ∞Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·˜. ∞applefi ÙËÓ appleÚÒÈÌË ∞Ó·Á¤ÓÓËÛË ¤ˆ˜ Û‹ÌÂÚ·, ÛÙȘ appleÔÏ˘appleÚfiÛˆapple˜ ΢ڛˆ˜ ÛÎËÓ¤˜ Ù˘ ˙ˆÁÚ·ÊÈ΋˜ ÂappleÈÎÚ·ÙÔ‡Ó Ù·ÈÛÙÔÚÈο ‹ Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁÈο ı¤Ì·Ù·, Ì appleÚˆÙ·ÁˆÓÈÛÙ¤˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ Î·È ‹ÚˆÂ˜. T· apple·Ú·‰Â›ÁÌ·Ù· Â›Ó·È ¿appleÂÈÚ·. O . . PÔ‡ÌappleÂÓ˜ ˙ˆÁÚ·Ê›˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ ÂÎapple·›‰Â˘ÛË Ù˘M·Ú›·˜ ÙˆÓ M‰›ÎˆÓ, fiappleÔ˘ ‰¿ÛηÏÔÈ Â›Ó·È Ë AıËÓ¿, Ô EÚÌ‹˜ Î·È Ô AapplefiÏψӷ˜. O °ÂÒÚÁÈÔ˜ O˘¿ÛÈÓÁÎÙˆÓ ·appleÂÈÎÔÓ›˙ÂÙ·È ˆ˜ ¤ÓıÚÔÓÔ˜ ¢›·˜. ∏ "Britannia",Ë appleÚÔÛˆappleÔappleÔ›ËÛË Ù˘ ªÂÁ¿Ï˘ µÚÂÙ·Ó›·˜, ¤¯ÂÈ ÙË ÌÔÚÊ‹ Ù˘ ∞ıËÓ¿˜. K·È Ë ÂÎÎÏËÛ›· Ù˘ ·Ó·Á›·˜, Ë Madeleine, ÛÙÔ ·Ú›ÛÈ ‰ÂÓ Â›Ó·È apple·Ú¿ ¤Ó· appleÈÛÙfi·ÓÙ›ÁÚ·ÊÔ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘ Ó·Ô‡.OÈ ÁÓÒÛÂȘ Ì·˜ ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ OχÌappleÈÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ appleÚÔ¤Ú¯ÔÓÙ·È ·applefi appleÔÏÏ¿ ·Ú¯·›· ΛÌÂÓ· Î·È ¿appleÂÈÚ· ÌÓËÌ›·.T· appleÈÔ Ô˘ÛÈÒ‰Ë Î›ÌÂÓ· ›ӷÈ:·) H £ÂÔÁÔÓ›· ÙÔ˘ HÛÈfi‰Ô˘, appleÔÈËÙ‹ ÙÔ˘ 8Ô˘ apple.X. ·ÈÒÓ·, ÛÙËÓ ÔappleÔ›· Û˘ÛÙËÌ·ÙÈο Û˘ÁÎÂÓÙÚÒıËÎ·Ó appleÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜ ÁÈ· ÙÔ Á¤ÓÔ˜ Î·È ÙȘ ȉÈfiÙËÙ˜ οıÂıÂÔ‡ Î·È appleÚÔÛ·ÚÌfiÛıËÎ·Ó ¤ÙÛÈ ÒÛÙ ӷ ÌËÓ ˘apple¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ·ÓÙÈÊ¿ÛÂȘ Î·È ÎÂÓ¿.‚) OÈ ÙÚÈ¿ÓÙ· Ù¤ÛÛÂÚȘ OÌËÚÈÎÔ› ‡ÌÓÔÈ, ÁÚ·Ì̤ÓÔÈ ·applefi ‰È·ÊfiÚÔ˘˜ Î·È Û ‰È¿ÊÔÚ˜ ÂappleÔ¯¤˜, appleÔ˘ ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Û·Ó ¿ÛÌ·Ù· appleÚÔ˜ ÙÈÌ‹Ó ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ Î·Èapple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÔÓÙ·Ó ·applefi Ú·„ˆ‰Ô‡˜ ÛÙȘ ÂÔÚÙ¤˜ ÙÔ˘˜.Á) T· OÌËÚÈο ¤appleË, IÏÈ¿‰· Î·È O‰‡ÛÛÂÈ·, ÛÙ· ÔappleÔ›· ÂÌ̤ۈ˜ ˘apple¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ¿appleÂÈÚ˜ appleÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜ ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ‹ÚˆÂ˜.‰) OÈ ·Ú¯·›Â˜ ÙÚ·Áˆ‰›Â˜, appleÔ˘ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ηٿ ηÓfiÓ· Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁÈο ı¤Ì·Ù· Î·È ÂÌ̤ۈ˜ ʈٛ˙Ô˘Ó ÙÔÓ ¯·Ú·ÎÙ‹Ú· ıÂÒÓ Î·È ËÚÒˆÓ, Î·È Ù¤ÏÔ˜Â) ∏ "∂ÏÏ¿‰Ô˜ ÂÚÈ‹ÁËÛȘ" ÙÔ˘ ·˘Û·Ó›·, Ô ÔappleÔ›Ô˜ ηٿ ÙÔÓ 2Ô Ì.X. ·ÈÒÓ· ÂappleÈÛΤÊıËΠٷ ÌÂÁ¿Ï· IÂÚ¿ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ Ó·Ô‡˜ Ù˘ EÏÏ¿‰·˜, ›¯Â ÂȉÈÎfiÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ ÁÈ· Ù· ıÚËÛ΢ÙÈο ı¤Ì·Ù·, Î·È Ì·˜ ¿ÊËÛ appleÔχÙÈÌ· ΛÌÂÓ·.


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10OÈ ıÂÔ› Ï·ÙÚ‡ÔÓÙ·Ó apple·ÓÙÔ‡: ÛÙ· fiÚË, ÛÙ· ÏÂÈ‚¿‰È·, ÛÙȘ applefiÏÂȘ, ÛÙ· Ûapple›ÙÈ·, ÛÙ· ÓÂÚ¿. TÔ Û‡ÓÔÏÔ ÙÔ˘ ¯ÒÚÔ˘ appleÔ˘ ÙÔ˘˜ ›¯Â apple·Ú·¯ˆÚËı› ÏÂÁfiÙ·Ó"Ù¤ÌÂÓÔ˜", ‰ËÏ. ¤Ó· ÙÌ‹Ì· ‰ËÌfiÛÈ·˜ Á˘ appleÔ˘ "ÙÂÌÓfiÙ·Ó" appleÚÔ˜ ¯¿ÚË Ù˘ Ï·ÙÚ›·˜ ÂÓfi˜ ıÂÔ‡. H ÂappleÈÏÔÁ‹ ÙÔ˘ ¯ÒÚÔ˘ ›¯Â Û˘Ó‹ıˆ˜ Û¯¤ÛË Ì ÙËÓÂapple›ÁÂÈ·, ¿ÌÂÛË ‹ ¤ÌÌÂÛË, ÂÌÊ¿ÓÈÛË Û ·˘ÙfiÓ ÂÓfi˜ ıÂÔ‡ ‹ Ì οappleÔÈÔ Û¯ÂÙÈÎfi ÁÂÁÔÓfi˜.TO ¢ø¢EKA£EO – MY£O§O°IA KAI TEXNHB·ÛÈÎfi ÛÙÔÈ¯Â›Ô Ù˘ Ï·ÙÚ›·˜ ‹Ù·Ó Ë ı˘Û›·, Î·È ¤ÙÛÈ Î‡ÚÈÔ˜ apple˘Ú‹Ó·˜ ÙÔ˘ πÂÚÔ‡ ‹Ù·Ó Ô ‚ˆÌfi˜. T· appleÚÒÙ· Ï·ÙÚ¢ÙÈο ·ÓÙÈΛÌÂÓ· ‹Ù·Ó ¿ÌÔÚÊÔÈ Ï›ıÔÈ‹ ͇Ϸ appleÔ˘ apple›ÛÙ¢·Ó fiÙÈ Â›¯·Ó apple¤ÛÂÈ ·applefi ÙÔÓ Ô˘Ú·Ófi Î·È ·ÚÁfiÙÂÚ· appleÚˆÙfiÁÔÓ· Ífi·Ó·, ÛÙ· ÔappleÔ›· ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Û·Ó Ó· appleÚÔÛʤÚÔ˘Ó apple¤appleÏÔ˘˜ ‹ ÎÔÛÌ‹Ì·Ù·.T· appleÚÒÙ· ·Á¿ÏÌ·Ù· ‹Ù·Ó ·ÊÈÂÚÒÌ·Ù· ÁÈ· Ó· "·Á¿ÏÏÔÓÙ·È" ÔÈ ıÂÔ› Î·È ÛÈÁ¿ ÛÈÁ¿ ·ÓÙÈη٤ÛÙËÛ·Ó Ù· Ífi·Ó·, ˆ˜ ·ÓÙÈΛÌÂÓ· appleÔ˘ ‰¤¯ÔÓÙ·Ó ÙË Ï·ÙÚ›·.T· Ï·ÙÚ¢ÙÈο ·ÓÙÈΛÌÂÓ·, Ífi·Ó· ‹ ·Á¿ÏÌ·Ù· ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ù· appleÔχÙÈÌ· ·ÊÈÂÚÒÌ·Ù· appleÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ ¤ÊÂÚ·Ó ÙËÓ ·Ó¿ÁÎË Ù˘ appleÚÔÛÙ·Û›·˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·applefi ÙȘηÈÚÈΤ˜ Û˘Óı‹Î˜ Î·È Û˘Ó·ÎfiÏÔ˘ı· ÙÔ ÎÙ›ÛÈÌÔ ÙÔ˘ Ó·Ô‡, ÂÓfi˜ ·appleÏÔ‡ ÛËÎÔ‡ ·Ú¯Èο, ÂÓfi˜ Û˘ÓıÂÙfiÙÂÚÔ˘ ÎÙËÚ›Ô˘ ‹‰Ë ·applefi ÙÔÓ 8Ô apple.X. ·ÈÒÓ·.H ·Ó¤ÁÂÚÛË Ó·ÒÓ ·appleÔÙ¤ÏÂÛ ÙË ÛappleÔ˘‰·ÈfiÙÂÚË ÂΉ‹ÏˆÛË Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ ÂÏÏËÓÈ΋˜ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋˜. T· appleÈÔ ÛappleÔ˘‰·›· ÌÓËÌ›· Ù˘ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ appleÚÒÈÌË Î·È ÙËÓÎÏ·ÛÈ΋ appleÂÚ›Ô‰Ô Â›Ó·È ·˘Ù¿ Ù˘ EÏÏ¿‰·˜ Î·È ÙˆÓ ·appleÔÈÎÈÒÓ Ù˘ NÔÙ›Ô˘ IÙ·Ï›·˜ Î·È Ù˘ ÈÎÂÏ›·˜Ø ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÂÏÏËÓÈÛÙÈ΋ Î·È ÙË ÚˆÌ·˚΋ appleÂÚ›Ô‰Ô ÔÈ Ó·Ô› Ù˘MÈÎÚ¿˜ AÛ›·˜. AÓ Î·È Ë ·ÊÔÚÌ‹ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ·Ó¤ÁÂÚÛË Ó·ÒÓ ‹Ù·Ó apple¿ÓÙÔÙÂ Ë ·applefi‰ÔÛË ÙÈÌ‹˜ Û ¤Ó·Ó ıÂfi, Û‡ÓÙÔÌ· ÔÈ Ó·Ô› ÂÍÂÏ›¯ıËÎ·Ó Û ÛÙÔÈ¯Â›Ô ÁÔ‹ÙÚÔ˘ÌÈ·˜ applefiÏ˘ Î·È appleÔÏÈÙÈÛÙÈÎÔ‡ ·ÓÙ·ÁˆÓÈÛÌÔ‡ ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ applefiψÓ.Ÿappleˆ˜ ÛËÌÂÈÒıËÎÂ, ‚·ÛÈÎfi ÛÙÔÈ¯Â›Ô Ù˘ Ï·ÙÚ›·˜ ‹Ù·Ó Ë ı˘Û›·. E›¯Â ÛÎÔapplefi Ó· ¢¯·ÚÈÛÙ‹ÛÂÈ ÙÔÓ ıÂfi Î·È Ó· appleÚÔηϤÛÂÈ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ·applefi‰ÔÛË Â˘Ù˘¯›·˜ ‹ÂappleÈÙ˘¯›·˜. OÈ ı˘Û›Â˜ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Û·Ó Ó· Â›Ó·È ·Ó·›Ì·ÎÙ˜ appleÚÔÛÊÔÚ¤˜ ·applefi ηÚappleÔ‡˜ Î·È ¿ÓıË, Û˘Ó‹ıˆ˜ fï˜ ‹Ù·Ó ·ÈÌ·ÙËÚ¤˜, Ì ÙÔ ÛÊ¿ÍÈÌÔ ˙ÒˆÓ.O ÚÔÌËı¤·˜ ›¯Â ‰È‰¿ÍÂÈ ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÓıÚÒappleÔ˘˜ appleÒ˜ appleÚÔÛʤÚÔÓÙ·Ó ÛÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ ÔÈ ı˘Û›Â˜ ·˘Ù¤˜: Ù· ÌË Ê·ÁÒÛÈÌ· ̤ÚË Î·›ÁÔÓÙ·Ó appleÚÔ˜ ÙÈÌ‹Ó ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓÂapple¿Óˆ ÛÙÔÓ ‚ˆÌfi Î·È Ù· ˘applefiÏÔÈapple· ÌÔÈÚ¿˙ÔÓÙ·Ó ÛÙÔ˘˜ apple·ÓËÁ˘ÚÈÛÙ¤˜. OÈ ÛappleÔ˘‰·ÈfiÙÂÚ˜ ı˘Û›Â˜ Â›Ó·È ·˘Ù¤˜ appleÔ˘ appleÚÔÛ¤ÊÂÚÂ Ë applefiÏË ÛÙȘ ÌÂÁ¿Ï˜ÂÔÚÙ¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ¤ÙÔ˘˜ Ì appleÔÏϤ˜ Î·È appleÏÔ‡ÛȘ appleÚÔÛÊÔÚ¤˜. ˘ÓËıÈṲ̂Ó˜ fï˜ ‹Ù·Ó Î·È ÔÈ ı˘Û›Â˜ ·applefi ȉÈÒÙ˜, fiÙ·Ó ‹ıÂÏ·Ó Ó· ˙ËÙ‹ÛÔ˘Ó Î¿appleÔÈ· Û˘ÁÎÂ-ÎÚÈ̤ÓË ¯¿ÚË ·applefi ÙÔÓ ıÂfi.ÕÏÏ· ÛÙÔȯ›· Ù˘ Ï·ÙÚ›·˜ ÛÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· EÏÏ¿‰· ‹Ù·Ó ÔÈ appleÔÌapple¤˜ Î·È ÔÈ ·ÁÒÓ˜. H Û˘ÌÌÂÙÔ¯‹ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÎfiappleÔ˘˜ Î·È ÙȘ ‰·apple¿Ó˜ ÂÓfi˜ ·ÁÒÓ·, ÂıˆÚ›ÙÔÂapple›Û˘ Ì›· appleÚÔÛÊÔÚ¿ ÛÙÔÓ ıÂfi appleÚÔ˜ ÙÈÌ‹Ó ÙÔ˘ ÔappleÔ›Ô˘ ‰ÈÔÚÁ·ÓˆÓfiÙ·Ó.OÈ ÂÔÚÙ¤˜ ‰È¤ÊÂÚ·Ó appleÔχ ÌÂٷ͇ ÙÔ˘˜Ø Ù· AÚÚËÊfiÚÈ· ÂÌappleϤÎÔ˘Ó ÌfiÓÔÓ ÂÏ¿¯ÈÛÙ· appleÚfiÛˆapple·, ÛÙËÓ ËÏÈΛ· Ù˘ ·ıˆfiÙËÙ·˜, Ì appleÏ‹ÚË ¿ÁÓÔÈ· Ù˘ ʇÛË˜ÙˆÓ "AÚÚ‹ÙˆÓ", Î·È Á›ÓÔÓÙ·È Ì ·applefiÏ˘ÙË Ì˘ÛÙÈÎfiÙËÙ·, ÛÙÔ ÛÎÔÙ¿‰È Ù˘ Ó‡¯Ù·˜. T· ·Ó·ı‹Ó·È· ÂÌappleϤÎÔ˘Ó fiÏË ÙËÓ applefiÏË, ‰È·ÚÎÔ‡Ó appleÔÏϤ˜ Ë̤Ú˜,ÔÈ apple·ÓËÁ˘ÚÈÛÙ¤˜ Û˘ÌÌÂÙ¤¯Ô˘Ó Û ·ÁÒÓ˜, apple·›ÚÓÔ˘Ó ¤apple·ıÏ· Î·È Ë ÌÂÁ¿ÏË appleÔÌapple‹ ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË Î·Ù·Ï‹ÁÂÈ Û ı˘Û›· 100 ‚Ô‰ÈÒÓ. H Ê˘ÛÈ΋ Ï·ÙÚ›·, Ù·ÎÔÛÌÈο apple·ÓËÁ‡ÚÈ·, ÔÈ ıÚËÛ΢ÙÈÎÔ› ηı·ÚÌÔ›, ÔÈ IÂÚÔ› °¿ÌÔÈ, ÔÈ ÂÔÚÙ¤˜ ÁÈ· ÙȘ ÎȤ˜, Ù· M˘ÛÙ‹ÚÈ· appleÔ˘ ˘applefiÛ¯ÔÓÙ·Ó Ì›· ηχÙÂÚË ÌÂÙ¿ ı¿Ó·ÙÔÓ ˙ˆ‹,ÔÈ Á˘ÌÓÈÎÔ›, ÔÈ ÌÔ˘ÛÈÎÔ› Î·È ÔÈ ı·ÙÚÈÎÔ› ·ÁÒÓ˜ ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Û·Ó appleÔχ ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈΤ˜ ÌÔÚʤ˜ Ù˘ Ï·ÙÚ›·˜ appleÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜.


11EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH "TO ¢ø¢EKA£EO"1. "TÔ ¢ˆ‰ÂοõÂÔ" – ∆Ô BÈ‚Ï›Ô Ù˘ MÔùÛÂÈÔÛÎÂù‹˜ÚfiÎÂÈÙ·È ÁÈ· ÙÔ apple·ÚfiÓ ‚È‚Ï›Ô. ∞appleÔÙÂÏ› Ì›· Û˘ÓÔappleÙÈ΋ apple·ÚÔ˘Û›·ÛË Ù˘ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈ΋˜ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜ "TÔ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ". ÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ ÙËÓ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ ÛÙÔ ı¤Ì·, appleÂÚÈÁÚ¿ÊÂÈ Î·È Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÈ ÌÂٷ͇ ÙÔ˘˜ Ù· ‰È¿ÊÔÚ· appleÂÚÈÂ-¯fiÌÂÓ· ¤ÓÙ˘apple· Î·È apple·È¯Ó›‰È·, apple·Ú¤¯ÂÈ Ô‰ËÁ›Â˜ ·ÍÈÔappleÔ›ËÛ‹˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ηıÒ˜ Î·È appleÚÔÙ¿ÛÂȘ appleÚÔ˜ ÙÔÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi.2. √È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔù°È· οı ¤Ó·Ó ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ ‰Ò‰Âη ıÂÔ‡˜ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ ¤Ó· ‚·ÛÈÎfi ¤ÓÙ˘appleÔ, ÛÙÔ ÔappleÔ›Ô ¤¯Ô˘Ó Û˘ÁÎÂÓÙÚˆı› ‰È¿ÊÔÚ˜ appleÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤ÓÔ ıÂfi:Û‡ÓÙÔÌË appleÂÚÈÁÚ·Ê‹ ÙˆÓ ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈÎÒÓ ÙÔ˘, ÔÈ appleÈÔ ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎÔ› ̇ıÔÈ appleÔ˘ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÔÓÙ·È Û’ ·˘ÙfiÓ, Ù· ÔÓfiÌ·Ù· ÙˆÓ Û˘ÓÙÚfiÊˆÓ ÙÔ˘ Î·È ÙˆÓ apple·È‰ÈÒÓ ÙÔ˘,ÔÈ Î˘ÚÈfiÙÂÚ˜ ÂappleˆÓ˘Ì›Â˜ ÙÔ˘, ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈο ÛÙÔȯ›· ÁÈ· ÙË Ï·ÙÚ›· ÙÔ˘, ÁÈ· ÙȘ ÂÔÚÙ¤˜ appleÔ˘ Á›ÓÔÓÙ·Ó ÁÈ· Ó· ÙÔÓ ÙÈÌ‹ÛÔ˘Ó, Ù· ΢ÚÈfiÙÂÚ· πÂÚ¿ Î·È Ó·Ô›appleÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ ›¯·Ó ·ÊÈÂÚˆı›. ∞ӷʤÚÔÓÙ·È ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈΤ˜ apple·Ú·ÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ ÙÔ˘ Û ÁÏ˘appleÙ¿ Î·È ·ÁÁ›· ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ù· ۇ̂ÔÏ·¯¿ÚȘ ÛÙ· ÔappleÔ›· ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ì ÙÔÓ Î¿ı ıÂfiØ Âapple›Û˘ Ù· ·ÊÈÂڈ̤ӷ Û ·˘ÙfiÓ ˙Ò· Î·È Ê˘Ù¿.∆· ΛÌÂÓ· ·˘Ù¿, appleÔ˘ ·apple¢ı‡ÓÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi, Â›Ó·È ÛÎÔapple›Ìˆ˜ ÌÈÎÚ¿, ¤¯Ô˘Ó fï˜ ÙȘ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙ˜ appleÏËÚÔ-ÊÔڛ˜ ÁÈ· Ì›· appleÚÒÙË ÁÓˆÚÈÌ›· Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ‰Ò‰Âη ıÂÔ‡˜ ÙÔ˘ √χÌappleÔ˘. ∂appleˆÓ˘Ì›Â˜ ıÂÒÓ, ÔÓfiÌ·Ù· appleÚÔÛÒappleˆÓ, ÙfiappleˆÓ,ÂÔÚÙÒÓ Î·È ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓ ‰È·ÙÚ¤¯Ô˘Ó Ù· ΛÌÂÓ· appleÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ¯ˆÚÈṲ̂ӷ Û ıÂÌ·ÙÈΤ˜ apple·Ú·ÁÚ¿ÊÔ˘˜.H Ì›· fi„Ë ÙÔ˘ ÂÓÙ‡appleÔ˘ ¤¯ÂÈ ÌfiÓÔÓ ÂÈÎfiÓ˜ Î·È ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈËı› ˆ˜ ÌÈÎÚ‹ ·Ê›Û· ̤۷ ÛÙËÓ Ù¿ÍË. ∏ ÂÈÎÔ-ÓÔÁÚ¿ÊËÛË apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÈ appleÔÈÎÈÏ›· Î·È Â›Ó·È ·ÓÙÈappleÚÔÛˆapple¢ÙÈ΋ ÙÔ˘ οı ÂÓfi˜ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ ‰Ò‰Âη ıÂÔ‡˜.  οıÂÙÚ›appleÙ˘¯Ô ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÈ Î·Ó›˜ ÙËÓ ·appleÂÈÎfiÓÈÛË Ù˘ ÎÂÊ·Ï‹˜ ÙÔ˘ ıÂÔ‡ ·applefi ¤Ó· ÁÓˆÛÙfi ¤ÚÁÔ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ Ù¤¯Ó˘ ηıÒ˜ ηÈÌÈÎÚfiÙÂÚ˜ ÂÈÎfiÓ˜ appleÔ˘ ‰Â›¯ÓÔ˘Ó ÙË ÛËÌ·Û›· appleÔ˘ ¤‰ÈÓ·Ó ÔÈ ·Ú¯·›ÔÈ ŒÏÏËÓ˜ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜, ÙËÓ ¿ÌÂÛË Û¯¤ÛË ÙÔ˘˜ ÌÂÙËÓ Î·ıËÌÂÚÈÓ‹ ˙ˆ‹ Î·È ÙËÓ Î·ıÔÚÈÛÙÈ΋ Û˘Ì‚ÔÏ‹ ÙÔ˘˜ ÛÙËÓ ·Ó¿appleÙ˘ÍË Ù˘ Ù¤¯Ó˘.·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÔÓÙ·È ÏÔÈapplefiÓ ÁÈ· οı ıÂfi ¤Ó· ÁÏ˘appleÙfi, ¤Ó· ÓfiÌÈÛÌ·, ¤Ó· ·ÁÁÂ›Ô ÌÂ Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁÈΤ˜ apple·Ú·ÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ, ¤Ó· ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈÎfi ¤ÚÁÔ Î·ıÒ˜ Î·È ¤Ó· ¤ÚÁÔÓÂfiÙÂÚ˘ Ù¤¯Ó˘ ·applefi ÙËÓ ∞Ó·Á¤ÓÓËÛË ¤ˆ˜ Û‹ÌÂÚ·. Œ¯ÂÈ Á›ÓÂÈ appleÚÔÛapple¿ıÂÈ· ηٿ ÙËÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ‹ ·˘ÙÒÓ ÙˆÓ ¤ÚÁˆÓ Ù¤¯Ó˘ Ó· ‰Ôı› ÛÙ· apple·È‰È¿ Ë appleÔÏ˘Ì¤ÚÂÈ·ÙÔ˘ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘ ÎfiÛÌÔ˘, Ë appleÚÔÛˆappleÈÎfiÙËÙ· ÙÔ˘ οı ıÂÔ‡, Ë Î·Ù·ÓfiËÛË ÙÔ˘ ÚfiÏÔ˘ ÙˆÓ Û˘Ì‚fiÏˆÓ ÙÔ˘ Î·È ÙÂÏÈο Ë ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ· Û‡ÓıÂÛ˘ fiÏˆÓ ·˘ÙÒÓ.ŸappleÔ˘ ‹Ù·Ó ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÓ appleÚÔÙÈÌ‹ıËÎ·Ó apple·Ú·‰Â›ÁÌ·Ù· ¤ÚÁˆÓ Ù¤¯Ó˘ ·applefi ÙËÓ ·ıËÓ·˚΋ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË. ∏ apple·Ú¿ÛÙ·ÛË ÙÔ˘ οı ıÂÔ‡ Û ۯ¤‰ÈÔ, fiappleˆ˜ ÂÈÎÔÓ›˙Â-Ù·È ÛÙËÓ ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈ΋ ˙ˆÊfiÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·, Û˘Óԉ‡ÂÈ Î¿ı ÙÚ›appleÙ˘¯Ô Î·È ·ÓÙÈappleÚÔÛˆapple‡ÂÈ ÙÔÓ ıÂfi.EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH√È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔù


12ø˜ appleÚÔ˜ ÙËÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ‹ ÙÔ˘ ÂÈÎÔÓÔÁÚ·ÊÈÎÔ‡ ˘ÏÈÎÔ‡ ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ı‹ıËÎ·Ó ÔÈ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ·Ú¯¤˜:∏ ÌÔÚÊ‹ ÙÔ˘ ıÂÔ‡ ÛÙËÓ appleÚÒÙË ÛÂÏ›‰· ÂappleÈϤ¯ıËΠ·applefi ·Ú¯·›· ¤ÚÁ· ÁÏ˘appleÙÈ΋˜ Û ̿ÚÌ·ÚÔ. Ùfi¯Ô˜ Â›Ó·È Ó· ÙÔÓÈÛı› Ô ·ÓıÚˆappleÔÌÔÚÊÈÛÌfi˜ Ù˘·Ú¯·›·˜ ÂÏÏËÓÈ΋˜ ıÚËÛΛ·˜.EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH√È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔù∆· ¤ÚÁ· ·Ú¯·›·˜ appleÏ·ÛÙÈ΋˜, appleÂÚ›ÔappleÙ· ·Á¿ÏÌ·Ù· ‹ ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘Ê·, ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÂappleÈÏÂÁ› Ó· Â›Ó·È ·Ê’ ÂÓfi˜ Û ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈΤ˜ Îϛ̷Θ Î·È ·Ê’ ÂÙ¤ÚÔ˘ ·applefi ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈο˘ÏÈο, ÙfiÛÔ ·applefi ¢ÙÂÏ‹ (fiappleˆ˜ Ô appleËÏfi˜) fiÛÔ Î·È ·applefi appleÔχÙÈÌ· (fiappleˆ˜ Ô ¯Ú˘Ûfi˜). ÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÔÓÙ·È ÁÏ˘appleÙ¿ ‰È·ÊfiÚˆÓ ÂappleÔ¯ÒÓ, appleÚÒÈÌ· Î·È ÌÂÙ·ÁÂÓ¤-ÛÙÂÚ·. Àapple¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ·Á¿ÏÌ·Ù· ·Ú¯·˚ο, ·˘ÛÙËÚÔÚ˘ıÌÈο, ÎÏ·ÛÈο, ÂÏÏËÓÈÛÙÈο, ÎÏ·ÛÈÎÈÛÙÈο, ڈ̷˚ο. ∞Ó·‰ÂÈÎÓ‡Ô˘Ó ·Á·ÏÌ·ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ Ù‡appleÔ˘˜ appleÔ˘ ‰ËÌÈÔ‡Ú-ÁËÛ·Ó ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔÈ Î·ÏÏÈÙ¤¯Ó˜ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·˜ (ºÂȉ›·˜, ∞Ïη̤Ó˘, ∂˘ÊÚ¿ÓˆÚ, Îfiapple·˜, Ú·ÍÈÙ¤Ï˘, ¢Ôȉ¿ÏÛ·˜) ÁÈ· Ó· ·ÓÙÈÁÚ·ÊÔ‡Ó Û ‰È¿ÊÔÚ· ÌÂÁ¤ıËÎ·È Û ‰È¿ÊÔÚ· ˘ÏÈο ·ÚÁfiÙÂÚ·. ∆Ô ¿Á·ÏÌ· ÙÔ˘ ∞applefiÏψӷ ·ÚÓÔapple›Ô˘, ¤ÚÁÔ ÙÔ˘ ºÂȉ›·, apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÙ·È fiappleˆ˜ Â›Ó·È Û‹ÌÂÚ· ˆ˜ ·ÓÙ›ÁÚ·ÊÔ ÛÙÔ ªÔ˘Û›ÔÙÔ˘ ∫¿ÛÛÂÏ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È fiappleˆ˜ ı· ‹Ù·Ó ¿ÏÏÔÙ ÔÚÂȯ¿ÏÎÈÓÔ ‹ Ì·ÚÌ¿ÚÈÓÔ Ì ٷ ·Ú¯·›· ¯ÚÒÌ·Ù·. ∏ "§Ô˘Ô̤ÓË ∞ÊÚÔ‰›ÙË", ¤ÚÁÔ ÙÔ˘ ¢Ôȉ¿ÏÛ·, apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿-˙ÂÙ·È Âapple›Û˘ fiappleˆ˜ ·ÓÙÈÁÚ¿ÊËΠ۠ÌÈ· ¯Ú˘Û‹ appleÂÚfiÓË ‹ Û ¤Ó· ÌÈÎÚÔÁÚ·ÊÈÎfi ÁÏ˘appleÙfi ·applefi ÔÚ›· ÎÚ‡ÛÙ·ÏÏÔ.∆· ·ÁÁ›· ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÂappleÈÏÂÁ› Ì ÎÚÈÙ‹ÚÈÔ ÙË Û·Ê‹ÓÂÈ· Ù˘ ÂÈÎÔÓÔÁÚ¿ÊËÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ οı ıÂÔ‡ Î·È ÙË ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ· ·Ó·ÁÓÒÚÈÛ‹˜ ÙÔ˘ ·applefi Ù· ۇ̂ÔÏ¿ ÙÔ˘. °È· Ó·Ê·Ó› Âapple›Û˘ Ô appleÏÔ‡ÙÔ˜ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ ÂÏÏËÓÈ΋˜ ·ÁÁÂÈÔappleÏ·ÛÙÈ΋˜ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÂappleÈÏÂÁ› ·ÁÁ›· ÌÂÏ·ÓfiÌÔÚÊ·, ÂÚ˘ıÚfiÌÔÚÊ·, ·ÁÁ›· Ì ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘ÊË ‰È·ÎfiÛÌËÛË,·ÁÁ›· ̠ϢÎfi ‚¿ıÔ˜ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ‰È·ÊfiÚˆÓ Ù‡appleˆÓ: ·ÌÊÔÚ›˜, ÎÚ·Ù‹Ú˜, ·ÏÈΘ, Ï‹Î˘ıÔÈ, apple˘Í›‰Â˜, ˘‰Ú›Â˜, Î.¿.∆· ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈο ÌÓËÌ›· Ù· ·ÊÈÂڈ̤ӷ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ Âapple›Û˘ appleÔÈΛÏÏÔ˘Ó. Œ¯Ô˘Ì ˘apple·›ıÚÈ· πÂÚ¿ ÛÙÔ Ê˘ÛÈÎfi appleÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓ (fiappleˆ˜ Ù˘ ∞ÊÚÔ‰›Ù˘ ÛÙÔ ¢·ÊÓ›),·appleÏÔ‡˜ ‚ˆÌÔ‡˜ (fiappleˆ˜ ÙÔ˘ ¢ÈÔÓ‡ÛÔ˘), ÈÂÚÔ‡˜ ¯ÒÚÔ˘˜ appleÂÚÈ‚·ÏÏfiÌÂÓÔ˘˜ ·applefi ÛÙÔ¤˜ (fiappleˆ˜ ÛÙË µÚ·˘ÚÒÓ·), ÙÂÏÂÛÙ‹ÚÈ· (fiappleˆ˜ ÛÙÔ ·ÁÎÚ› Ù˘ ¡¿ÍÔ˘) ηȂ¤‚·È· appleÔÏÏÔ‡˜ Ó·Ô‡˜ ‰È·ÊfiÚˆÓ Ù‡appleˆÓ, ÎÙÈṲ̂ÓÔ˘˜ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÙÚÂȘ Ú˘ıÌÔ‡˜ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋˜, ÙÔÓ IˆÓÈÎfi, ÙÔÓ ¢ˆÚÈÎfi Î·È ÙÔÓ KÔÚÈÓıÈ·Îfi. οı ÙÚ›appleÙ˘¯Ô ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Î·È Ì›· ÂÈÎfiÓ· ÓÂfiÙÂÚÔ˘ ¤ÚÁÔ˘ Ù¤¯Ó˘ Ì ı¤Ì· ·applefi ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜, appleÔ˘ Ì·˜ ‰Â›¯ÓÂÈ applefiÛÔ ÂappleËÚ¤·Û·ÓÙÔ˘˜ ÓÂfiÙÂÚÔ˘˜ ηÏÏÈÙ¤¯Ó˜. ∆· ¤ÚÁ· Â›Ó·È ˙ˆÁÚ·ÊÈο Î·È ÁÏ˘appleÙ¿ ÙfiÛÔ ∂˘Úˆapple·›ˆÓ fiÛÔ Î·È ∞ÌÂÚÈηÓÒÓ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÒÓ, Î·È ¯ÚÔÓÈο appleÔÈΛÏÏÔ˘Ó ·applefi ÙËÓappleÚÒÈÌË ∞Ó·Á¤ÓÓËÛË (S. Botticelli 1481) ˆ˜ ÙȘ ̤Ú˜ Ì·˜ (A. Karo, 1990).∆· ·Ú¯·›· ÓÔÌ›ÛÌ·Ù· ÙˆÓ ‰È·ÊfiÚˆÓ ÂÏÏËÓÈÎÒÓ applefiψÓ, ›¯·Ó appleÔχ Û˘¯Ó¿ apple·Ú·ÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ Î·È ÙˆÓ Û˘Ì‚fiÏˆÓ ÙÔ˘˜. ∆· ÓÔÌ›ÛÌ·Ù· ÛÙ· ¤ÓÙ˘apple·,·applefi ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈο ˘ÏÈο, ¯Ú˘Û¿, ·ÛË̤ÓÈ· Î·È ¯¿ÏÎÈÓ·, ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÂappleÈÏÂÁ› ÁÈ· ÙËÓ È‰È·›ÙÂÚË Î·ÏÏÈÙ¯ÓÈ΋ ÙÔ˘˜ ·Í›· ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Â˘ÎÔÏ›· ·Ó·ÁÓÒÚÈÛ˘ ÙÔ˘Î¿ı ıÂÔ‡ ·applefi Ù· ۇ̂ÔÏ¿ ÙÔ˘.


13H ı¿ AıËÓ¿ appleÚÔÛٿ٢ ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· Aı‹Ó·, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È appleÔÏϤ˜ ¿ÏϘ appleÂÚÈÔ¯¤˜ Û ÔÏfiÎÏËÚË ÙËÓ EÏÏ¿‰·. ◊Ù·Ó Ë ı¿ Ù˘ ÛÔÊ›·˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘ appleÔϤÌÔ˘ ·ÏÏ¿Û˘Á¯ÚfiÓˆ˜ ÙˆÓ Ù¯ÓÒÓ Î·È Ù˘ ¯ÂÈÚÔÙ¯ӛ·˜.  ·˘Ù‹Ó ·apple¤‰È‰·Ó ÙfiÛÔ ÙȘ ÂÊ¢ڤÛÂȘ ÁÈ· ÙÔ ‰¿Ì·ÛÌ· Ù˘ ʇÛ˘ (ÙÔ˘ ¯·ÏÈÓÔ‡, ÙÔ˘ ÛοÊÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘ appleÏÔ›Ô˘,ÙÔ˘ ·ÚÁ·ÏÂÈÔ‡, ÙÔ˘ ÙfiÚÓÔ˘, ÙÔ˘ ÙÚÔ¯Ô‡ ÙˆÓ ·ÁÁÂÈÔappleÏ·ÛÙÒÓ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ·˘ÏÔ‡), fiÛÔ Î·È Ù· ÛÙÚ·ÙËÁ‹Ì·Ù· ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Âappleȯ›ÚËÛË Î¿appleÔÈÔ˘ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ˘ ¤ÚÁÔ˘ ‹ appleÔϤ-ÌÔ˘. TËÓ ¯·Ú·ÎÙ‹ÚÈ˙Â Ë apple·ÚıÂÓÈ΋ ·˘Ù¿ÚÎÂÈ· Î·È Û˘Ó·ÎfiÏÔ˘ı· ÙÔ ·˘ÙÂÍÔ‡ÛÈÔ, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È Ë ˆÚÈÌfiÙËÙ·, Ë ˘apple¢ı˘ÓfiÙËÙ· Î·È Ë ÂappleÈ›ÎÂÈ·. M ÙËÓ „‹ÊÔ Ù˘·ıˆˆÓfiÙ·Ó Î¿appleÔÈÔ˜ Û appleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË ÈÛÔ„ËÊ›·˜ Û ‰›ÎË. ‡Ìʈӷ Ì ÙȘ Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓ˜ ·ÓÙÈÏ‹„ÂȘ ı· ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Û οappleÔÈÔ˜ Ó· appleÂÈ fiÙÈ ‹Ù·Ó Ë ı¿ ÙÔ˘ appleÔÏÈÙÈÛÌÔ‡.‡Ì‚ÔÏ· Ù˘ AıËÓ¿˜ ‹Ù·Ó Ë ÁÏ·˘Í-ÎÔ˘ÎÔ˘‚¿ÁÈ·, Ë appleÂÚÈÎÂÊ·Ï·›·, Ë ·ÈÁ›‰· (appleÚÔÛٷ٢ÙÈÎfi ‰¤ÚÌ· ηÙۛη˜, ¤Ó· ›‰Ô˜ ·Ûapple›‰·˜) ÙËÓ ÔappleÔ›· Ù˘ ¤‰ˆÛ Ôapple·Ù¤Ú·˜ Ù˘, ÙÔ ÁÔÚÁfiÓÂÈÔ (Ë ·appleÔÙÚfiapple·È· ÎÂÊ·Ï‹ Ù˘ °ÔÚÁÔ‡˜-M¤‰Ô˘Û·˜) Âapple¿Óˆ ÛÙËÓ ·ÈÁ›‰· ‹ ÛÙËÓ ·Ûapple›‰· Ù˘, ÙÔ ‰fiÚ˘, ÙÔ ·‰Ú¿¯ÙÈ Î·È Ë ÂÏÈ¿. E›Ó·ÈË ÌfiÓË Á˘Ó·ÈΛ· ıÂfiÙËÙ· appleÔ˘ apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÙ·È appleÔχ Û˘¯Ó¿ Ì appleÔÏÂÌÈ΋ ·ÌÊ›ÂÛË.EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH√È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔù


14EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH√È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔùO AapplefiÏψӷ˜ ‹Ù·Ó Ë appleÚÔÛˆappleÔappleÔ›ËÛË ÙÔ˘ ËÏÈ·ÎÔ‡ ʈÙfi˜, ıÂfi˜ Ù˘ ÌÔ˘ÛÈ΋˜, Ù˘ appleÔ›ËÛ˘, Ù˘ ·ÚÌÔÓ›·˜, Ù˘ ÏÔÁÈ΋˜ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È Ù˘ Ì·ÓÙÈ΋˜.EıˆÚ›ÙÔ ÂÎÙÂÏÂÛÙ‹˜ Ù˘ ‚Ô‡ÏËÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ¢›·, ÙÈ̈Úfi˜ Ù˘ ‡‚Úˆ˜, appleÚÔÛÙ¿Ù˘ ÙˆÓ ÁÂÓ·Ú¯ÒÓ Î·È ÙˆÓ ÔÈÎÈÛÙÒÓ ÙˆÓ applefiÏÂˆÓ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ıÂÚ·appleÂ˘Ù‹˜ applefiÓˆÓÎ·È Î·ı·ÚÙ‹˜ ·applefi ÙÔ "¿ÁÔ˜" ÂÁÎÏËÌ¿ÙˆÓ. EıˆÚ›ÙÔ Âapple›Û˘ Ô ˆÚ·ÈfiÙÂÚÔ˜ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ OχÌappleÈÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜, Ô "οÏÏÈÛÙÔ˜ ÙˆÓ ·ı·Ó¿ÙˆÓ". TÔ fiÓÔÌ· ºÔ›‚Ô˜Û‹Ì·ÈÓ ÈÂÚfi˜ Î·È Î·ı·Úfi˜.‡Ì‚ÔÏ· ÙÔ˘ ıÂÔ‡ ‹Ù·Ó Ô ÙÚ›appleÔ‰·˜, Ë Ï‡Ú·, Ë ÎÈı¿Ú·, Ë Ê·Ú¤ÙÚ· Ì ÙÔ ÙfiÍÔ (fiappleˆ˜ Î·È ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ·‰ÂÏÊ‹ ÙÔ˘, ÙËÓ ÕÚÙÂÌË) Î·È Ô ÔÌÊ·Ïfi˜ ÙÔÓ ¢ÂÏÊÒÓ.ø˜ ·Á·appleË̤ӷ Ê˘Ù¿ ›¯Â ÙË ‰¿ÊÓË Î·È ÙË ÊÔÈÓÈÎÈ¿ Î·È ˆ˜ ˙Ò· ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÎÓÔ˘˜, Ù· ‰ÂÏÊ›ÓÈ· Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ÎfiڷΘ.


15O ÕÚ˘ ‹Ù·Ó ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ Ô ıÂfi˜ ÙÔ˘ appleÔϤÌÔ˘ Î·È ÙˆÓ Ì·¯ÒÓ. ◊Ù·Ó Ë appleÚÔÛˆappleÔappleÔ›ËÛË Ù˘ ·ÓÂϤËÙ˘ Ì¿¯Ë˜ Î·È ¤‚ÏÂapple ÙÔÓ applefiÏÂÌÔ ˆ˜·˘ÙÔÛÎÔapplefi. TÔÓ ¯·Ú·ÎÙ‹Ú· ÙÔ˘ ÕÚË ÙÔÓ ‰›ÓÂÈ Ô ŸÌËÚÔ˜ ÛÙËÓ IÏÈ¿‰·Ø ‹Ù·Ó ÙÔ appleÚfiÙ˘appleÔ ÙÔ˘ appleÔÏÂÌÈÛÙ‹ appleÔ˘ ÔÚÌ¿ ÛÙË Ì¿¯Ë Ì ̷ӛ·, appleÂÏÒÚÈÔ˜ ÛÙÔÛÒÌ·, Ù·¯‡Ù·ÙÔ˜ ÛÙ· applefi‰È·, appleÔ˘ ‚Ú˘¯¿Ù·È fiÛÔ ‰¤Î· ¯ÈÏÈ¿‰Â˜ appleÔÏÂÌÈÛÙ¤˜ Ì·˙›. M ¤ÌÊ·ÛË ÙÔÓ›˙ÂÙ·È ·applefi ÙÔÓ appleÔÈËÙ‹ Ë ‰È·ÊÔÚ¿ ÙÔ˘ ·applefi ÙËÓ Âapple›Û˘appleÔÏÂÌÈ΋ ı¿, ÙËÓ AıËÓ¿, Ë ÔappleÔ›· appleÔÏÂÌÔ‡Û ÁÈ· οappleÔÈÔ ÛÎÔapplefi. O ÕÚ˘ ‹Ù·Ó ÙfiÛÔ ·ÈÌÔ¯·Ú‹˜, ÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ ·ÓÙÈapple·ıÔ‡Û ·ÎfiÌ· Î·È Ô apple·Ù¤Ú·˜ ÙÔ˘, Ô ¢›·˜.‡Ì‚ÔÏ· ÙÔ˘ ÕÚË ‹Ù·Ó Ù· fiappleÏ·, ÙÔ ‰fiÚ˘, ÙÔ ÎÚ¿ÓÔ˜ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÔÈ ‰¿‰Â˜. AÊÈÂڈ̤ÓÔ Û ·˘ÙfiÓ ˙ÒÔ ‹Ù·Ó Ô Û·ÏÔ˜. Ù· ˙Ò· appleÔ˘ ı˘Û›·˙·Ó appleÚÔ˜ ÙÈÌ‹ÓÙÔ˘ appleÂÚÓÔ‡Û·Ó Á‡Úˆ ·applefi ÙÔÓ Ï·ÈÌfi ÙÔ˘˜ ÎÏ·‰È¿ ·applefi ÌËÏÈ¿.EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH√È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔù


16EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH√È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔùH ÕÚÙÂÌË Ï·ÙÚ¢fiÙ·Ó ÛÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· EÏÏ¿‰· ˆ˜ ı¿ Ù˘ ¿ÁÚÈ·˜ ʇÛ˘, ÙˆÓ ‰·ÛˆÌ¤ÓˆÓ ‚Ô˘ÓÒÓ, ÙˆÓ appleËÁÒÓ Î·È ÙˆÓ ¿ÁÚÈˆÓ ˙ÒˆÓ. Ÿappleˆ˜ Î·È Ë AıËÓ¿ ηÈË EÛÙ›·, ηٿ ÙËÓ ÂÏÏËÓÈ΋ Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁ›·, ‰ÂÓ apple·ÓÙÚ‡ÙËΠappleÔÙ¤ Î·È ·ÓÙÈappleÚÔÛÒapple¢ ÙÔ appleÚfiÙ˘appleÔ Ù˘ ÌÔÓ·¯È΋˜, ÂχıÂÚ˘, ·ÓÂÍ¿ÚÙËÙ˘ Ó¤·˜ Á˘Ó·›Î·˜ appleÔ˘˙Ô‡Û ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙË Ê‡ÛË Î·È ·Û¯ÔÏ›ÙÔ Ì ÙÔ Î˘Ó‹ÁÈ. OÈ ŒÏÏËÓ˜ apple›ÛÙ¢·Ó fiÙÈ appleÚÔÛٿ٢ ÙË ÓÂfiÙËÙ·, ÙÔ˘˜ ηÚappleÔ‡˜ Ù˘ Á˘ Î·È ÙȘ Âapple›ÙÔΘ Á˘Ó·›Î˜.˘Óԉ¢fiÙ·Ó ·applefi N‡Ìʘ Î·È X¿ÚÈÙ˜ Î·È Â›¯Â apple·ÚıÂÓÈ΋ ÔÌÔÚÊÈ¿.‡Ì‚ÔÏ· Ù˘ ı¿˜ ‹Ù·Ó ÙÔ ÙfiÍÔ, Ë Ê·Ú¤ÙÚ·, Ë ËÌÈÛ¤ÏËÓÔ˜, ÙÔ ÂÏ¿ÊÈ, Ù· ΢ÓËÁÂÙÈο Û΢ÏÈ¿, Ô Ù·‡ÚÔ˜ Î·È Ë ·ÚÎÔ‡‰·. ÙËÓ ÎÏ·ÛÈ΋ ÂappleÔ¯‹ Ë ÕÚÙÂÌË apple·ÚÈ-ÛÙ¿ÓÂÙ·È apple¿ÓÙÔÙ ÓÙ˘Ì¤ÓË Ì appleÔχappleÙ˘¯· ÊÔڤ̷ٷ. ˘¯Ó¿ Û˘Ó‰˘¿˙ÂÙ·È Ì ÙÔ Î˘apple·Ú›ÛÛÈ.


17H AÊÚÔ‰›ÙË ‹Ù·Ó Ë ı¿ Ù˘ ÔÌÔÚÊÈ¿˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ¤ÚˆÙ·. °È· ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ ŒÏÏËÓ˜ ·ÓÙÈappleÚÔÛÒapple¢ Âapple›Û˘ ÙȘ ÌÂÁ¿Ï˜ Ê˘ÛÈΤ˜ ‰˘Ó¿ÌÂȘ appleÔ˘ ‰È·ÙËÚÔ‡ÓÙË ˙ˆ‹ ÛÙÔÓ ÎfiÛÌÔØ ·˘Ù¤˜ appleÔ˘ ÂÓÒÓÔ˘Ó Û Á¿ÌÔ ÙÔÓ Ô˘Ú·Ófi Î·È ÙË ÁË ÁÈ· Ó· ÁÂÓÓËıÔ‡Ó Ù· ‰ÒÚ· Ù˘ ʇÛ˘, Ù· Ê˘Ù¿ Î·È Ù· ˙Ò·. Ù· fi„ÈÌ· ÎÏ·ÛÈο¯ÚfiÓÈ·, Î·È Ì¿ÏÈÛÙ· ÛÙÔ ˘ÌapplefiÛÈÔ ÙÔ˘ Ï¿ÙˆÓ·, Á›ÓÂÙ·È Û·Ê‹˜ ‰È¿ÎÚÈÛË ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙËÓ O˘Ú·Ó›· AÊÚÔ‰›ÙË appleÔ˘ ·ÓÙÈappleÚÔÛÒapple¢ ÙÔÓ ·ÁÓfi ¤ÚˆÙ· ηÈappleÚÔÛٿ٢ ÔÈÎÔÁ¤ÓÂÈ· Î·È ÁÔÓÈÌfiÙËÙ· Î·È ÛÙËÓ ¿Ó‰ËÌÔ AÊÚÔ‰›ÙË, Ë ÔappleÔ›· appleÚÔÛٿ٢ ÙȘ ÂÙ·›Ú˜ Î·È ÙÔÓ ÂχıÂÚÔ ¤ÚˆÙ·.‡Ì‚ÔÏ¿ Ù˘ ‹Ù·Ó Ù· appleÂÚÈÛÙ¤ÚÈ· Î·È ÔÈ ¯‹Ó˜, appleÙËÓ¿ ·ÊÈÂڈ̤ӷ ÛÙË ı¿ Î·È ÙÔ Úfi‰Ô, ÙÔ ·Á·appleË̤ÓÔ Ù˘ ÏÔ˘ÏÔ‡‰È. ·ÚÈÛÙ¿ÓÂÙ·È Ì appleÏÔ‡ÛÈ· ÎÂÓÙË̤-Ó· ÊÔڤ̷ٷ, ·˘Ù¿ appleÔ˘ ‡Ê·ÈÓ·Ó Î·È ¤Ú·‚·Ó ÔÈ X¿ÚÈÙ˜ Î·È ÔÈ flÚ˜, ‹ Î·È Á˘ÌÓ‹, ΢ڛˆ˜ ÛÙ· Ô„ÈÌfiÙÂÚ· ¤ÚÁ· Ù¤¯Ó˘. ˘¯Ó¿ ‚Á·›ÓÂÈ Ì¤Û· ·applefi ÎÔ¯‡ÏÈ‹ Û˘Óԉ‡ÂÙ·È ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÁÈÔ Ù˘, ÙÔÓ ŒÚˆÙ·, appleÔ˘ ÎÚ·Ù¿ÂÈ ÙfiÍÔ.EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH√È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔù


18EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH√È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔùH ¢‹ÌËÙÚ· ‹Ù·Ó Ë ı¿ ÙˆÓ Î·ÏÏÈÂÚÁËÌ¤ÓˆÓ ·ÁÚÒÓ, appleÚÔÛÙ¿Ùȉ· Ù˘ ÁˆÚÁ›·˜ Î·È ÙˆÓ ÛÈÙËÚÒÓ. ¢›‰·Í ÛÙÔ˘˜ ·ÓıÚÒappleÔ˘˜ ÙËÓ Î·ÏÏȤÚÁÂÈ· Ù˘ Á˘ ηȂÚÈÛÎfiÙ·Ó ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ıÓËÙÔ‡˜ appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔ ·applefi ÔappleÔÈÔÓ‰‹appleÔÙ ¿ÏÏÔ ıÂfi. K¿Ùˆ ·applefi ÔÚÈṲ̂Ó˜ Û˘Óı‹Î˜ ̇ËÛ˘, ÙÔ˘˜ appleÚÔÛ¤ÊÂÚ ÙËÓ ˘applefiÛ¯ÂÛËÌÈ·˜ Â˘Ù˘¯ÈṲ̂Ó˘ ÌÂÙ·ı·Ó¿ÙÈ·˜ ˙ˆ‹˜. H appleÚÔÛˆappleÈÎfiÙËÙ· Ù˘ ¢‹ÌËÙÚ·˜ ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈ˙fiÙ·Ó Âapple›Û˘ ·applefi ÙË Û¯¤ÛË ÌËÙ¤Ú·˜ Î·È ÎfiÚ˘. ◊Ù·Ó Ë ÌËÙ¤Ú· Ù˘ÂÚÛÂÊfiÓ˘, ‚·Û›ÏÈÛÛ·˜ ÙÔ˘ ∫¿Ùˆ ∫fiÛÌÔ˘, Ì ÙËÓ ÔappleÔ›· Û¯ËÌ¿ÙÈ˙ ¤Ó· ıÂ˚Îfi ˙‡ÁÔ˜, appleÚ¿ÁÌ· appleÔ˘ ÍÂappleÂÚÓ¿ ÙË Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È Á›ÓÂÙ·È Î·ıÔÚÈÛÙÈÎfi ÁÈ·ÙËÓ Î·Ù·ÓfiËÛË ÙˆÓ Û˘Ì‚ÔÏÈÛÌÒÓ Î·È Ù˘ ȉȷ›ÙÂÚ˘ Ì˘ÛÙËÚȷ΋˜ Ï·ÙÚ›·˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ηٿ ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·.‡Ì‚ÔÏ· Ù˘ ¢‹ÌËÙÚ·˜ ‹Ù·Ó ÔÈ ‰¿‰Â˜ (ÙȘ Ôappleԛ˜ ÎÚ·ÙÔ‡Û·Ó ÔÈ Ì˘Ë̤ÓÔÈ ÛÙ· EÏÂ˘Û›ÓÈ· M˘ÛÙ‹ÚÈ·), ÙÔ Û΋appleÙÚÔ Î·È Ù· ÛÙ¿¯˘·. ÙËÓ ÂÚÛÂÊfiÓË ‹Ù·Ó·ÊÈÂڈ̤ÓÔ˜ Ô appleÂÙÂÈÓfi˜ Î·È ÛÙË ¢‹ÌËÙÚ· Ô ¯Ô›ÚÔ˜. ŸÙ·Ó Ë ¢‹ÌËÙÚ· Î·È Ë KfiÚË ÂÈÎÔÓ›˙ÔÓÙ·È Ì·˙›, ÙȘ ‰¿‰Â˜ ÎÚ·Ù¿ÂÈ Ë KfiÚË, Û‡˙˘ÁÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ Õ‰Ë.


19OÈ ·Ú¯·›ÔÈ ŒÏÏËÓ˜ ıˆÚÔ‡Û·Ó ÙÔÓ ¢›· ÎÔÚ˘Ê·›Ô ıÂfi appleÔ˘ ÁÓÒÚÈ˙Â Î·È ¤‚ÏÂapple ٷ apple¿ÓÙ·, Ì ÂÍÔ˘Û›· Û fiÏ· Ù· ı›· Î·È Ù· ·ÓıÚÒappleÈÓ· ı¤Ì·Ù·, ΢ڛ·Ú¯ÔÙÔ˘ Ô˘Ú·ÓÔ‡ Î·È ÙˆÓ ·ÙÌÔÛÊ·ÈÚÈÎÒÓ Ê·ÈÓÔ̤ӈÓ. ◊Ù·Ó ·‰ÂÏÊfi˜ Î·È Û‡˙˘ÁÔ˜ Ù˘ ◊Ú·˜, ·‰ÂÏÊfi˜ ÙÔ˘ ÔÛÂȉÒÓ·, Ù˘ ¢‹ÌËÙÚ·˜, Ù˘ EÛÙ›·˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘ıÂÔ‡ ÙÔ˘ Õ‰Ë ÏÔ‡ÙˆÓ·, Î·È apple·Ù¤Ú·˜ ÙˆÓ ˘applefiÏÔÈappleˆÓ √χÌappleÈˆÓ ıÂÒÓ.K·Ù¿ ÙÔÓ ŸÌËÚÔ Ë ˘apple¤ÚÙ·ÙË ·˘Ù‹ ıÂfiÙËÙ· ‹Ù·Ó apple·Ù¤Ú·˜ ıÂÒÓ Î·È ·ÓıÚÒappleˆÓ.TÔÓ ¯·Ú·ÎÙ‹ÚÈ˙Â, ÂÎÙfi˜ ·applefi ÙË ‰‡Ó·ÌË, Ë ‰ÈηÈÔÛ‡ÓË Î·È Ë ËıÈ΋ ÙÂÏÂÈfiÙËÙ·Ø ·Ì›‚ÂÈ ÙËÓ ·ÚÂÙ‹ Î·È ÙÈ̈Ú› ÙËÓ Î·Î›·. ∂apple›Û˘ ÙÈ̈ÚÔ‡Û fiÛÔ˘˜apple·Ú¿ÎÔ˘Á·Ó ÙȘ ÂÓÙÔϤ˜ ÙÔ˘. °ÓÒÚÈ˙ ÙÔ Ì¤ÏÏÔÓ Î·È ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Û ӷ ‰ÒÛÂÈ ¯ÚËÛÌÔ‡˜ ‹ οappleÔȘ ÂӉ›ÍÂȘ ÁÈ' ·˘Ùfi, ÙȘ "¢ÈÔÛË̛˜". ◊Ù·Ó Âapple›Û˘ •¤ÓÈÔ˜,appleÚÔÛÙ¿Ù˘ Ù˘ ÊÈÏÔÍÂÓ›·˜.EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH√È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔù


20EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH√È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔùO ¢ÈfiÓ˘ÛÔ˜ ‹Ù·Ó ıÂfi˜ ÙˆÓ ·ÌappleÂÏÈÒÓ, ÙÔ˘ ÎÚ·ÛÈÔ‡, ÙÔ˘ ÂÎÛÙ·ÙÈÎÔ‡ ¯ÔÚÔ‡, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È Ù˘ ÁÔÓÈÌfiÙËÙ·˜ Î·È Ù˘ apple·Ú·ÁˆÁÈÎfiÙËÙ·˜ Ù˘ Á˘. E›Ó·È ‰‡ÛÎÔÏÔÓ· appleÚÔÛ‰ÈÔÚÈÛı› Ì ·ÎÚ›‚ÂÈ· Ô È‰È·›ÙÂÚÔ˜ ¯·Ú·ÎÙ‹Ú·˜ ÙÔ˘, ·ÏÏ¿ Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È fiÙÈ ·ÓÙÈappleÚÔÛÒapple¢ ÙËÓ ¤ÓÓÔÈ· ÙˆÓ ‰˘Ó¿ÌÂˆÓ ÙÔ˘ ˘appleÔÛ˘ÓÂȉ‹ÙÔ˘, appleÔ˘ÂΉËÏÒÓÔÓÙ·Ó Ì ÙËÓ ˘apple¤Ú‚·ÛË Ù˘ ÏÔÁÈ΋˜, Ì ÙËÓ ¤ÎÛÙ·ÛË, ÙË Ì¤ıË Î·È ÙÔÓ ÂÓıÔ˘ÛÈ·ÛÌfi. E›Ó·È ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈÎfi, fiÙÈ, ÙfiÛÔ ÛÙÔ˘˜ Ôapple·‰Ô‡˜ ÙÔ˘ fiÛÔÎ·È ÛÙÔ˘˜ ·ÚÓËÙ¤˜ ÙÔ˘, ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Û ӷ ÌÂÙ·‰ÒÛÂÈ ÙË Ì·Ó›·, ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÌÂÓ ˆ˜ Â˘Ù˘¯ÈṲ̂ÓË Ï‡ÛË Ù˘ χapple˘ Ì ÙÔ ÎÚ·Û› Î·È ÙÔÓ ¯ÔÚfi, ÛÙÔ˘˜ ‰Â ˆ˜ ·Ó›·ÙËapple·Ú·ÊÚÔÛ‡ÓË.H Ï·˚΋ Ï·ÙÚ›· ÙÔ˘ ¢ÈÔÓ‡ÛÔ˘ ˘apple‹ÚÍÂ Ë ·ÊÂÙËÚ›· Ù˘ ÙÚ·Áˆ‰›·˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ı¿ÙÚÔ˘ ÁÂÓÈÎfiÙÂÚ·.‡Ì‚ÔÏ· ÙÔ˘ ¢ÈÔÓ‡ÛÔ˘ ‹Ù·Ó Ô ı‡ÚÛÔ˜, ¤Ó· ͇ÏÈÓÔ Ú·‚‰› appleÂÚÈÙ˘ÏÈÁ̤ÓÔ Ì ʇÏÏ· ÎÈÛÛÔ‡ Î·È ·Ìapple¤ÏÔ˘, ÙÔ ·ÁÁÂ›Ô Î¿Óı·ÚÔ˜, Ô ÎÈÛÛfi˜, ÔÈ ÎÏËÌ·Ù›‰Â˜,ÔÈ Ì¿ÛΘ ÙÔ˘ ı¿ÙÚÔ˘. AÊÈÂڈ̤ӷ Û ·˘ÙfiÓ ˙Ò· ‹Ù·Ó Ô ÙÚ¿ÁÔ˜, Ô fiÓÔ˜ Î·È Ô apple¿ÓıËÚ·˜.


21OÈ ·Ú¯·›ÔÈ ·apple¤‰È‰·Ó appleÔÈΛϘ ȉÈfiÙËÙ˜ ÛÙÔÓ EÚÌ‹, ÁÈ·Ù› apple›ÛÙ¢·Ó fiÙÈ Â›¯Â ·ÚÌÔ‰ÈfiÙËÙ˜ ÛÙÔÓ ÎfiÛÌÔ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ ÙÔ˘ OχÌappleÔ˘, ÛÙÔÓ ÎfiÛÌÔ ÙˆÓ ·ÓıÚÒappleˆÓ,·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÛÙÔÓ Õ‰Ë, ÛÙÔÓ K¿Ùˆ KfiÛÌÔ. ◊Ù·Ó ıÂfi˜ Ù˘ ·¤Ó·Ë˜ ΛÓËÛ˘, Ù˘ ÂappleÈÎÔÈÓˆÓ›·˜, ÙˆÓ ·ÓÙ·ÏÏ·ÁÒÓ, Û˘ÌappleÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚·ÓÔ̤ÓÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ ÂÌappleÔÚ›Ô˘, ÙˆÓ‰ÚfïÓ, Ù˘ ηϋ˜ Ù‡¯Ë˜ Î·È Û˘Á¯ÚfiÓˆ˜ ·ÁÁÂÏÈÔÊfiÚÔ˜ Î·È ÂÎÙÂÏÂÛÙ‹˜ ÙˆÓ ÂÓÙÔÏÒÓ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ. ÚÔÛÙ¿ÙÂ˘Â Î¿ı ÌÔÚÊ‹˜ ΤډԘ appleÚÔÂÚ¯fiÌÂÓÔ ÙfiÛÔ·applefi ÙÔ ÂÌapplefiÚÈÔ fiÛÔ Î·È ·applefi ÙÔÓ ‰fiÏÔ, ÙËÓ ·apple¿ÙË Î·È ÙËÓ ÎÏÔapple‹. ÙȘ ·Ú¯·›Â˜ ÂÏÏËÓÈΤ˜ ·ÁÚÔÙÈΤ˜ ÎÔÈӈӛ˜ ÂıˆÚ›ÙÔ ÂappleÈÛÙ¿Ù˘ ÙˆÓ ‚ÔÛÎËÌ¿ÙˆÓ,·ÈÁÔappleÚÔ‚¿ÙˆÓ, ‚Ô‰ÈÒÓ, ›appleappleˆÓ Î·È ËÌÈfiÓˆÓ Î·È ·ÚÁfiÙÂÚ· Ô ÊÈÏÈÎfi˜ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ·ÓıÚÒappleÔ˘˜ æ˘¯ÔappleÔÌapplefi˜, appleÔ˘ ÙÔ˘˜ Ô‰ËÁÔ‡ÛÂ, fiÙ·Ó apple¤ı·ÈÓ·Ó, ÛÙÔÓ ∫fiÛÌÔÙˆÓ ÎÈÒÓ. ÚÔÛٿ٢ ·ÎfiÌ· ÙË ÌÔ˘ÛÈ΋ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ·ıÏËÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ·ÁÒÓ˜ Î·È Â›¯Â ÙÔÓ ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÌfi §fiÁÈÔ˜, ‰ËÏ·‰‹ ÁÓÒÛÙ˘ Î·È Ì ¢ÎÚÈÓ‹ ÏfiÁÔ.‡Ì‚ÔÏ· ÙÔ˘ EÚÌ‹ ‹Ù·Ó ÙÔ ÎËÚ‡ÎÂÈÔ, Ù· ÊÙÂÚˆÙ¿ Û·Ó‰¿ÏÈ·, Ô apple›ÏÔ˜, Ô apple¤Ù·ÛÔ˜, ÙÔ ÛÎÔ˘Ê› Î·È ÙÔ appleÔ˘ÁΛ. ˘¯Ó¿ Û˘Ó‰˘¿˙ÂÙ·È Ì ÙÔÓ Î¤‰ÚÔ Î·È apple·ÚÈ-ÛÙ¿ÓÂÙ·È ÎÚ·ÙÒÓÙ·˜ ÎÚÈ¿ÚÈ.EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH√È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔù


22EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH√È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔùH ◊Ú· ÂıˆÚ›ÙÔ ÌÂÁ›ÛÙË ı¿, Û‡˙˘ÁÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ¢›· Î·È ‚·Û›ÏÈÛÛ· ÙÔ˘ O˘Ú·ÓÔ‡. ÚÔÛٿ٢ ÙÔÓ Á¿ÌÔ, ÙËÓ ÔÈÎÔÁ¤ÓÂÈ· Î·È ÙȘ Á˘Ó·›Î˜. ◊Ù·Ó ÙÔ˘applefi‰ÂÈÁÌ· Ù˘ appleÈÛÙ‹˜ Û˘˙‡ÁÔ˘, ·˘ÛÙËÚ‹ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÂΉÈÎËÙÈ΋, Ì appleÔÏÏ¿ ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈο ÙÔ˘ apple·ÓÙÔ‰‡Ó·ÌÔ˘ Û˘˙‡ÁÔ˘ Ù˘. ¯ÂÙÈ˙fiÙ·Ó Ì ÙÔ ÛÙÔÈ¯Â›Ô ÙÔ˘·¤Ú·, ›¯Â ‚·ÛÈÏÈÎfi apple·Ú¿ÛÙËÌ·, ˘appleÂÚËÊ¿ÓÂÈ· Î·È Á·Ï‹ÓË. ÈÛÙ‡ÂÙ·È fiÙÈ Ë Ï·ÙÚ›· Ù˘ ‹Ù·Ó apple·Ó¿Ú¯·È· ÛÙÔÓ ÂÏÏ·‰ÈÎfi ¯ÒÚÔ.‡Ì‚ÔÏ· Ù˘ ı¿˜ ‹Ù·Ó ÙÔ Úfi‰È, ۇ̂ÔÏÔ Ù˘ ·ÊıÔÓ›·˜ Î·È Ù˘ Û˘˙˘ÁÈ΋˜ ·Á¿apple˘, ÙÔ Û΋appleÙÚÔ, Ô applefiÏÔ˜, ¤Ó· „ËÏfi ÛÙ¤ÌÌ·, Î·È ÙÔ ‰È¿‰ËÌ·. IÂÚ¿ ˙Ò·Ù˘ ‹Ù·Ó ÙÔ apple·ÁÒÓÈ, Ô ÎÔ‡ÎÔ˜ Î·È Ù· ‚fi‰È·. IÂÚfi Ê˘Ùfi Ù˘ ı¿˜ ‹Ù·Ó Ë Ï˘Á·ÚÈ¿.


23O ◊Ê·ÈÛÙÔ˜ ‹Ù·Ó Ô ıÂfi˜ ‰·Ì·ÛÙ‹˜ Ù˘ ʈÙÈ¿˜ Î·È Î·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙ‹˜ ¤ÚÁˆÓ ·applefi ̤ٷÏÏ·. £Âfi˜ "Ì ÂȉÈΤ˜ ·Ó¿ÁΘ", ‹Ù·Ó Ô ıÂfi˜ Ù˘ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÈ΋˜ÂÚÁ·Û›·˜, ÁχappleÙ˘, appleÏ¿ÛÙ˘, ÔÚÂȯ·ÏÎÔ˘ÚÁfi˜, ÙÔÚÂ˘Ù‹˜, ¯Ú˘ÛÔ¯fiÔ˜ Î·È Û˘Ó¿Ì· appleÚÔÛÙ¿Ù˘ ÙˆÓ Ù¯ÓÈÙÒÓ. Ù· ÔÌËÚÈο ¤appleË ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ ÂÍ·ÈÚÂÙÈÎfi˜ı·˘Ì·ÛÌfi˜ ÁÈ· Ù· ¤ÚÁ· ÙÔ˘ Î·È ‰›ÓÔÓÙ·È ÂÎÙÂÓ›˜ appleÂÚÈÁڷʤ˜ ÙÔ˘˜, ÂÓÒ Ë Ï·ÙÚ›· ÙÔ˘ ÛÙËÓ Aı‹Ó· ÙˆÓ ÎÏ·ÛÈÎÒÓ ¯ÚfiÓˆÓ Ì·ÚÙ˘Ú› ÙËÓ ·Á¿appleË Î·È ÙËÓÂÎÙ›ÌËÛË ÙˆÓ Î·ÙÔ›ÎˆÓ Ù˘ ÁÈ· Ù· ÂÎÏÂappleÙ˘Ṳ̂ӷ ¤ÚÁ· ÌÂÙ·ÏÏÔÙ¯ӛ·˜ Î·È ÎÂÚ·ÌÂÈ΋˜, ÛÙË ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙˆÓ ÔappleÔ›ˆÓ Ë ÊˆÙÈ¿ ‹Ù·Ó ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ ÛÙÔȯ›Ô.‡Ì‚ÔÏ· ÙÔ˘ ıÂÔ‡ ‹Ù·Ó ÙÔ ÛÊ˘Ú›, Ë Ï·‚›‰· ÙÔ˘ ¯·ÏÎÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡, Ô ‰ÈappleÏfi˜ apple¤ÏÂ΢˜ Î·È ÙÔ Ìapple·ÛÙÔ‡ÓÈ. ˘¯Ó¿ apple·ÚÈÛÙ¿ÓÂÙ·È Âapple¿Óˆ Û fiÓÔ.EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH√È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔù


24EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH√È ¢Ò‰Âη £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔù°È· ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ ŒÏÏËÓ˜ Ô ÔÛÂȉÒÓ·˜ ‹Ù·Ó ·ÚÈÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ˘ÁÚÔ‡ ÛÙÔÈ¯Â›Ô˘, ıÂfi˜ Ù˘ ı¿Ï·ÛÛ·˜, ÙˆÓ appleËÁÒÓ, ÙˆÓ ÏÈÌÓÒÓ Î·È ÙˆÓ appleÔÙ·ÌÒÓ. ◊Ù·Ó·‰ÂÏÊfi˜ ÙÔ˘ ¢›· Î·È ¤Ó·˜ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ ÈÛ¯˘ÚfiÙÂÚÔ˘˜ OχÌappleÈÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜. O ¢›·˜ ÙÔÓ ·appleÔηÏÔ‡Û "appleÚÂÛ‚‡Ù·ÙÔÓ Î·È ¿ÚÈÛÙÔÓ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ". H ÂÍÔ˘Û›· ÙÔ˘ÂÎÙÂÈÓfiÙ·Ó Î·È ÛÙ· ¤Áηٷ Ù˘ Á˘, ÁÈ·Ù› ‹Ù·Ó ·˘Ùfi˜ appleÔ˘ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡Û ÙÔ˘˜ ÛÂÈÛÌÔ‡˜ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÛÙÂÚ¤ˆÓ ÙËÓ ÍËÚ¿ Û ۯ¤ÛË Ì ÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ·. K·ÙÔÈ-ÎÔ‡Û ̷˙› Ì ÙË Û‡˙˘Áfi ÙÔ˘, AÌÊÈÙÚ›ÙË, Û ¤Ó· ¯Ú˘Ûfi apple·Ï¿ÙÈ ÛÙ· ‚¿ıË ÙÔ˘ appleÂÏ¿ÁÔ˘˜ Î·È ¤ÙÚ¯ ÛÙËÓ ÂappleÈÊ¿ÓÂÈ· Ù˘ ı¿Ï·ÛÛ·˜ Âapple¿Óˆ Û ¯Ú˘Ûfi ¿ÚÌ·Ì ¿ÁÚÈ· ¿ÏÔÁ·, ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ıÔ‡ÌÂÓÔ˜ ·applefi N‡Ìʘ Î·È ÂÓ¿ÏÈ· appleÏ¿ÛÌ·Ù·, ÙÚ›ÙˆÓ˜, ÈappleapplefiηÌappleÔ˘˜ Î·È ‰ÂÏÊ›ÓÈ·.‡Ì‚ÔÏ· ÙÔ˘ ÔÛÂȉÒÓ· ‹Ù·Ó Ë ÙÚ›·ÈÓ· Ì ÙËÓ ÔappleÔ›· Ù¿Ú·˙ ٷ ÓÂÚ¿, Ù· ¿ÏÔÁ·, Ù· ‰ÂÏÊ›ÓÈ· Î·È Ù· ÂÓ¿ÏÈ· Ù¤Ú·Ù· appleÔ˘ ÙÔÓ ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ıÔ‡Û·Ó. AÊÈÂڈ̤ӷÛ' ·˘ÙfiÓ Ê˘Ù¿ ‹Ù·Ó ÙÔ apple‡ÎÔ Î·È Ù· ʇÎÈ·.


253. K·ÚÙ¤ÏϘ - M‡õÔÈ∆√ ¢ø¢∂∫∞£∂√ - √È ‰Ò‰Âη õÂÔ› ÛÙÔÓ ŸÏùÌappleÔ.OÈ Î·ÚÙ¤ÏϘ ·˘Ù¤˜, ¤ÚÁ· ÙÔ˘ ˙ˆÁÚ¿ÊÔ˘ ·‡ÏÔ˘ B·Ï·Û¿ÎË, ·appleÂÈÎÔÓ›˙Ô˘Ó ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈΤ˜ ÛÎËÓ¤˜ ·applefi ̇ıÔ˘˜ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ. Àapple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Ì›· ηÚÙ¤ÏÏ· Áȷοı ıÂfi, Î·È Ì›· Ì fiÏÔ˘˜ Ì·˙›. ∆· ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈο ۇ̂ÔÏ· ÙÔ˘ οı ıÂÔ‡ Â›Ó·È appleÔχ ÂÌÊ·Ó‹ ÙfiÛÔ ÛÙȘ ÌÂÌÔӈ̤Ó˜ ηÚÙ¤ÏϘ fiÛÔ Î·È ÛÙË ÁÂÓÈ΋.∆Ô Î›ÌÂÓÔ apple›Ûˆ ·applefi οı ηÚÙ¤ÏÏ· ·apple¢ı‡ÓÂÙ·È ÛÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜.EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYHK·ÚÙ¤ÏϘ - M‡õÔÈ


26EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYHK·ÚÙ¤ÏϘ - M‡õÔÈA£HNA - H AõËÓ¿ ÛÙËÓ ∞ÎÚÞappleÔÏË ‰›appleÏ· ÛÙËÓ ÈÂÚ‹ ÂÏÈ¿.APH - O ÕÚ˘ Ì ٷ apple·È‰È¿ ÙÔù, ŒÚȉ·, ¢Â›ÌÔ Î·È ºÞ‚Ô,ÌappleÚÔÛÙ¿ Û ̛· ηÙÂÛÙÚ·Ì̤ÓË ·appleÞ ÙÔÓ appleÞÏÂÌÔ appleÞÏË.AO§§øNA - ∏ ¢¿ÊÓË ÌÂÙ·ÌÔÚÊÒÓÂÙ·È Û ÊùÙÞ ÁÈ· Ó··appleÔʇÁÂÈ ÙÔÓ ∞appleÞÏψӷ.¢HMHTPA KAI KOPH - ∏ ·apple·ÁˆÁ‹ Ù˘ ÂÚÛÂÊÞÓ˘·appleÞ ÙÔÓ ÏÔ‡ÙˆÓ·.


27¢IA - O ¢›·˜ Ì ÙÔÓ ·ÂÙÞ ÙÔù, Ú›¯ÓÂÈ ÎÂÚ·ùÓÔ‡˜.HPA - H ◊Ú· Ì ÙÔ apple·ÁÒÓÈ Î·È ÙÔ ÚÞ‰È Ù˘.¢IONYO - O ¢ÈÞÓùÛÔ˜ ÌÂÙ·ÌÔÚÊÒÓÂÈ Û ‰ÂÏÊ›ÓÈ·ÙÔù˜ appleÂÈÚ·Ù¤˜ appleÔù ÙÔÓ ·apple‹Á·Á·Ó.OEI¢øNA - O ÔÛÂȉÒÓ·˜ Ì ÙÔ ¿ÚÌ· ÙÔù ÌappleÚÔÛÙ¿·appleÞ ÙÔ apple·Ï¿ÙÈ ÙÔù, ÛÙÔÓ ‚ùõÞ Ù˘ õ¿Ï·ÛÛ·˜.EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYHK·ÚÙ¤ÏϘ - M‡õÔÈ


28EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYHK·ÚÙ¤ÏϘ - M‡õÔÈAPTEMHH ÕÚÙÂÌË Ì ÙÔ ÂÏ¿ÊÈÙ˘ Î·È ÙÔÓ K·Ïù‰ÒÓÈÔοappleÚÔ.AºPO¢ITHO ¿ÚȘ appleÚÔÛʤÚÂÈ ÙÔ"ª‹ÏÔ Ù˘ ŒÚȉԘ"ÛÙËÓ AÊÚÔ‰›ÙË.HºAITOO ◊Ê·ÈÛÙÔ˜ ÛÙÔÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈÞ ÙÔù.EPMHO EÚÌ‹˜, ·ÁÁÂÏÈÔÊÞÚÔ˜ÙˆÓ õÂÒÓ, appleÂÙ¿ÂÈÛÙÔù˜ ·Èõ¤Ú˜.


294. K·ÚÙ¤ÏϘ - ·È¯Ó›‰È·AÓ·ÁÓˆÚ›úÔÓÙ·˜... TOY £EOY√È Î·ÚÙ¤ÏϘ ·˘Ù¤˜ ÂÈÎÔÓ›˙Ô˘Ó ¤ÚÁ· ·Ú¯·›·˜ Î·È ÓÂfiÙÂÚ˘ Ù¤¯Ó˘ Ì apple·Ú·ÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ, Û ÁÏ˘appleÙ¿, Û ·ÁÁ›·, Û ÓÔÌ›ÛÌ·Ù·, Û ÁÚ·ÌÌ·ÙfiÛË̷ηıÒ˜ Âapple›Û˘ Ê˘Ù¿ Î·È ˙Ò· ·ÊÈÂڈ̤ӷ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜. √ Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›ÛÂÈ appleÔÈÔ˜ ıÂfi˜ ÂÈÎÔÓ›˙ÂÙ·È Û οı ¤ÚÁÔ, Ó· ·apple·ÓÙ‹ÛÂÈ ÛÙȘÂÚˆÙ‹ÛÂȘ appleÔ˘ ˘apple¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ÛÙÔ apple›Ûˆ ̤ÚÔ˜ οı ηÚÙ¤ÏÏ·˜, ηıÒ˜ Âapple›Û˘ Î·È Ó· Û˘Û¯ÂÙ›ÛÂÈ ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ Ì ٷ ·ÊÈÂڈ̤ӷ Û ·˘ÙÔ‡˜ ˙Ò· Î·È Ê˘Ù¿, ¤ÚÁ·ÙÔ˘ ˙ˆÁÚ¿ÊÔ˘ ªÈ¯¿ÏË ∫·ÏÏÈÌfiappleÔ˘ÏÔ˘.EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYHK·ÚÙ¤ÏϘ - ·È¯Ó›‰È·


30EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYHK·ÚÙ¤ÏϘ - ·È¯Ó›‰È·AÓ·ÁÓˆÚ›úÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔù˜ õÂÔ‡˜... Û °§YTAAÓ·ÁÓˆÚ›úÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔù˜ õÂÔ‡˜... Û A°°EIAAÓ·ÁÓˆÚ›úÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔù˜ õÂÔ‡˜... Û NOMIMATAAÓ·ÁÓˆÚ›úÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔù˜ õÂÔ‡˜... Û °PAMMATOHMA


31EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYHK·ÚÙ¤ÏϘ - ·È¯Ó›‰È·AÓ·ÁÓˆÚ›úÔÓÙ·˜ ºYTA ·ÊÈÂڈ̤ӷ ÛÙÔù˜ õÂÔ‡˜AÓ·ÁÓˆÚ›úÔÓÙ·˜ ZøA ·ÊÈÂڈ̤ӷ ÛÙÔù˜ õÂÔ‡˜


32EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYH‡Ì‚ÔÏ· & ùÌ‚ÔÏÈÛÌÔ›¢HMIOYP°øNTA õÂÔ‡˜ª›· ηÚÙ¤ÏÏ·-apple·È¯Ó›‰È Ì ‰Ò‰Âη ÊÈÁÔ‡Ú˜-ıÂÔ‡˜ ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈÎÒÓ ¯ÚˆÌ¿ÙˆÓ appleÚÔ-ÙÚ¤appleÂÈ ÙÔ apple·È‰› Ó· ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÂÈ ÙÔ˘˜ ‰ÈÎÔ‡˜ ÙÔ˘ ıÂÔ‡˜, Ó· ‰È·Ï¤ÍÂÈ appleÔÈÔ ¯ÚÒÌ·ÂÎÊÚ¿˙ÂÈ Î·Ï‡ÙÂÚ· ÙÔÓ Î¿ı ¤Ó·, Ó· ‚ÚÂÈ ÂÈÎfiÓ˜ ·applefi appleÂÚÈÔ‰Èο Î·È ÂÊËÌÂÚ›‰Â˜ÁÈ· Ó· ÓÙ‡ÛÂÈ ÙȘ ÊÈÁÔ‡Ú˜, Ó· ÙÔ˘˜ appleÚÔÛı¤ÛÂÈ Û‡Ì‚ÔÏ·.5. ‡Ì‚ÔÏ· & ùÌ‚ÔÏÈÛÌÔ›ŒÓ·˜ Ê¿ÎÂÏÏÔ˜ appleÔ˘ appleÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ ÌÈÎÚ¿, ·appleÏ¿ ۇ̂ÔÏ·-·ÓÙÈΛÌÂÓ· ‚ÔËı¿-ÂÈ ÙÔÓ Ì·ıËÙ‹ Ó· Ê·ÓÙ·Ûı› Î·È Ó· ·Ó·appleÏ¿ÛÂÈ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÈο fiÏÔÓ ÙÔÓ ÎfiÛÌÔÙˆÓ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ ıÂÒÓ Ì¤Û· ·applefi ۇ̂ÔÏ· Î·È Û˘Ì‚ÔÏÈÛÌÔ‡˜. √È Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÌappleÔ-ÚÔ‡Ó Ó· Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÔ˘Ó ÙÔÓ Ê¿ÎÂÏÏÔ Ì ‰Èο ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙÔȯ· ۇ̂ÔÏ·.ŒÓ· ÁÚ·ÌÌ·ÙfiÛËÌÔ, ¤Ó· ÓfiÌÈÛÌ·, ¤Ó· ÎÔ¯‡ÏÈ, Ì›· Ì¿Ûη ı¿ÙÚÔ˘, Ì›· ηÚ-‰È¿ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· Û˘Ì‚ÔÏ›˙Ô˘Ó È‰ÈfiÙËÙ˜ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ ÙfiÛÔ ÛÙÔÓ ·Ú¯·›Ô fiÛÔÎ·È ÛÙÔÓ Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓÔ ÎfiÛÌÔØ ¤Ó· ÊÙÂÚfi ·ÓÙÈappleÚÔÛˆapple‡ÂÈ fiÏ· Ù· appleÔ˘ÏÈ¿, ¤Ó·Ê‡ÏÏÔ fiÏ· Ù· Ê˘Ù¿, ¤Ó· ·ÛÙ¤ÚÈ fiÏ· Ù· Ô˘Ú¿ÓÈ· ÛÒÌ·Ù·.


336. ŒÓÙùapple· - ·È¯Ó›‰È·ñ ÔÈÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÔÈÔ˜ ÛÙÔÓ ŸÏùÌappleԷȯӛ‰È AÓ·ÁÓÒÚÈÛ˘ ÙˆÓ õÂÒÓTÔ apple·È¯Ó›‰È ¤¯ÂÈ ÛÙfi¯Ô ÙËÓ ·Ó·ÁÓÒÚÈÛË ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ. ÙËÚ›˙ÂÙ·È ÛÙÔÓÛ˘Ó‰˘·ÛÌfi ʈÙÔÁÚ·ÊÈÒÓ Ì›·˜ ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈ΋˜ ÎÂÊ·Ï‹˜, ÂÓfi˜ ÁÏ˘appleÙÔ‡,ÂÓfi˜ ·ÁÁ›Ԣ, ÂÓfi˜ ÓÔÌ›ÛÌ·ÙÔ˜, ÂÓfi˜ Ó·Ô‡, ηıÒ˜ Î·È ÂÓfi˜ÓÂfiÙÂÚÔ˘ ¤ÚÁÔ˘ Ù¤¯Ó˘ ÁÈ· οı ıÂfi.O Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›˙ÂÈ Ì‡ıÔ˘˜, ÁÓˆÛÙ¤˜ ·appleÂÈÎÔÓ›ÛÂȘ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓηıÒ˜ Î·È Ù· ۇ̂ÔÏ¿ ÙÔ˘˜ Î·È ÛÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· ÂappleÈϤÁÂÈ Î·È Û˘Ó‰˘¿˙ÂÈÙ· ¤ÚÁ· appleÔ˘ ÂÈÎÔÓ›˙Ô˘Ó ÙÔÓ ›‰ÈÔ ıÂfi.ñ OÈ £ÂÔ› ÙÔù OχÌappleÔù ÛÙË ZˆÊÞÚÔÙÔù ·ÚõÂÓÒÓ·∆Ô apple·È¯Ó›‰È Â›Ó·È ·ÊÈÂڈ̤ÓÔ ÛÙÔ ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ fiappleˆ˜ÂÈÎÔÓ›˙ÂÙ·È ÛÙË ˙ˆÊfiÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·. √È Ì·ıËÙ¤˜apple·Ú·ÙËÚÔ‡Ó ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ Û ̛· ı·˘Ì¿ÛÈ· ʈÙÔÁÚ·ÊÈ΋·Ó·Û‡ÓıÂÛË appleÔ˘ ÙÔ˘˜ ·appleÔηıÈÛÙ¿ fiappleˆ˜ ‹Ù·Ó οappleÔÙÂÛÙÔ ÎÂÓÙÚÈÎfi ÙÌ‹Ì· Âapple¿Óˆ ·applefi ÙËÓ Â›ÛÔ‰Ô ÙÔ˘ Ó·Ô‡Î·È ·Ó·˙ËÙÔ‡Ó ÙËÓ Ù·˘ÙfiÙËÙ· Î·È Ù· ۇ̂ÔÏ· ÙˆÓıÂÒÓ. ¢›ÓÔÓÙ·È appleÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜ ÁÈ· ÙÔ ÌÓËÌ›Ô, Ì›· Âappleˆ-Ó˘Ì›· ÁÈ· οı ıÂfi ηıÒ˜ Î·È ÙÔ ·ÊÈÂڈ̤ÓÔ Û ·˘ÙfiÓ˙ÒÔ Î·È Ê˘Ùfi.EPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYHŒÓÙùapple· - ·È¯Ó›‰È·


34ñ ÙÔ ¢È·‰›ÎÙùÔ MappleÔÚ›Ù ӷ BÚ›ÙÂ...H ı¿ Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘, Ë AıËÓ¿ Î·È ÁÂÓÈÎfiÙÂÚ· ÙÔ ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ, ηıÒ˜ ÂÈÎÔÓ›˙ÂÙ·È ÛÙËÓ ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈ΋ ˙ˆÊfiÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·, ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó ·applefi ¯ÚfiÓÈ· ıÂÌ·-ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ¿ÍÔÓ˜ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ TÔ̤· EÓË̤ڈÛ˘ Î·È EÎapple·›‰Â˘Û˘ Ù˘ ÀappleËÚÂÛ›·˜ ˘ÓÙ‹ÚËÛ˘ MÓËÌ›ˆÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘. ŒÙÛÈ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Î·È ¿ÏÏÔ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfiappleÔ˘ ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· Û˘Ó‰˘·Ûı› Ì ÙÔ ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ Î·È appleÔ˘ Ô ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi˜ ÌappleÔÚ› ÂÊ' fiÛÔÓ ÂӉȷʤÚÂÙ·È Ó· ·Ó·˙ËÙ‹ÛÂÈ Â›Ù Û ‰·ÓÂÈÛÙÈ΋ ÌÔÚÊ‹ ›Ù Û„ËÊȷ΋ ÛÙË ‰È‡ı˘ÓÛË www.ysma.culture.grEPIEXOMENA TH MOYEIOKEYHŒÓÙùapple· - ·È¯Ó›‰È·MÈ· M¤Ú· ÛÙËÓ AÎÚÞappleÔÏË AÓ·úËÙÒÓÙ·˜ ÙË £Â¿ AõËÓ¿M ÙÔ ¤ÓÙ˘appleÔ ·˘Ùfi ÔÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ οÓÔ˘Ó Ì›· appleÂÚÈ‹ÁËÛË ÛÙÔÓ ·Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ¯ÒÚÔ Î·È Ì·ı·›ÓÔ˘Ó ÙËÓÙÔappleÔÁÚ·Ê›· ÙˆÓ ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓ ÙÔ˘ IÂÚÔ‡ BÚ¿¯Ô˘ ̤۷ ·applefi Ì›· ·Ó·˙‹ÙËÛË ÙˆÓ ·Á·ÏÌ¿ÙˆÓ Ù˘ ı¿˜ AıËÓ¿˜, ËÔappleÔ›· Ï·ÙÚ¢fiÙ·Ó ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË Ì appleÔÏϤ˜ Î·È ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈΤ˜ ÌÔÚʤ˜. °ÓˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ó Ù· Âapple› ̤ÚÔ˘˜ ·Á¿ÏÌ·Ù·,Ù· ‰È¿ÊÔÚ· ˘ÏÈο ηٷÛ΢‹˜ ÙÔ˘˜, ÙȘ ‰È·ÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ, ÙË Û¯¤ÛË ÙÔ˘˜ Ì ٷ ÎÙ‹ÚÈ· Î·È ÙÔÓ ¯ÒÚÔ. ·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ·appleÂÚÈÁÚ¿ÊÔÓÙ·È ÔÈ È‰ÈfiÙËÙ˜ Ù˘ ı¿˜, Ù· ۇ̂ÔÏ¿ Ù˘, ÈÛÙÔڛ˜ ·applefi ÙË Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ÙË Ï·ÙÚ›· Ù˘ÛÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· Aı‹Ó·. OÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÂappleÈÛΤappleÙÔÓÙ·È ÙÔ MÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘, fiappleÔ˘ ·Ó·˙ËÙÔ‡Ó·Á¿ÏÌ·Ù· Ù˘ ı¿˜ AıËÓ¿˜. T¤ÏÔ˜, ÙÔappleÔıÂÙÔ‡Ó ·˘ÙÔÎfiÏÏËÙ· Ì ٷ ‰È¿ÊÔÚ· ·Á¿ÏÌ·Ù·Ù˘ ı¿˜ Âapple¿Óˆ Û appleÚÔÔappleÙÈÎfi Û¯¤‰ÈÔ ÙÔ˘ ‚Ú¿¯Ô˘ Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘.28Ë EηÙÔÌ‚·ÈÒÓÔ˜Ø MÈ· M¤Ú· Ì ÙË ZˆÊÞÚÔ ÙÔù ·ÚõÂÓÒÓ·ÙÔ ¤ÓÙ˘appleÔ ·˘Ùfi ÔÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜, Ì ÙË ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ· ÂÓfi˜ ÌÈÎÚÔ‡ apple·È‰ÈÔ‡, Û˘ÌÌÂÙ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÛÙËÓ appleÔÌapple‹ ÙˆÓ ·Ó·ıËÓ·›ˆÓ, Ì·ı·›ÓÔ˘ÓÁÈ· ÙÔÓ Ó·fi Î·È ÙÔÓ ÁÏ˘appleÙÈÎfi ÙÔ˘ ‰È¿ÎÔÛÌÔ, ÁÈ· ÙË ÌÂÁ¿ÏË ÁÈÔÚÙ‹, ÁÈ· ÙË Û‡ÓıÂÛË Ù˘ ˙ˆÊfiÚÔ˘ Î·È ÛÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ··Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ó Ù· ̤ÏË Ù˘ appleÔÌapple‹˜ ÛÙË ˙ˆÊfiÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·, ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜, ÙÔ˘˜ ÈÂÚ›˜, ÙÔ˘˜ ¿Ú¯ÔÓÙ˜, ÙÔ˘˜ Èappleapple›˜,ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ù· ˙Ò· appleÔ˘ appleÚÔÔÚ›˙ÔÓÙ·È ÁÈ· ÙȘ ı˘Û›Â˜.H ∑ˆÊÞÚÔ˜ ÙÔù ·ÚõÂÓÒÓ·∆Ë ˙ˆÊfiÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·, ÙÔ ÌÔÓ·‰ÈÎfi ·˘Ùfi ÁÏ˘appleÙÈÎfi Û‡ÓÔÏÔ Ù˘ ÎÏ·ÛÈ΋˜ ÂappleÔ¯‹˜ Ì ı¤Ì· ÙËÓ appleÔÌapple‹ ÙˆÓ ·Ó·ıËÓ·›ˆÓ, Ì‹ÎÔ˘˜ 160 Ì., ÌappleÔÚ› ÔÌ·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· ‰ÂÈ ·Ó·Ï˘ÙÈο Û ̛· ʈÙÔÁÚ·ÊÈ΋ ·Ó·Û‡ÓıÂÛË ÛÙÔ ¢È·‰›ÎÙ˘Ô.


35POTAEI °IA TON EKAI¢EYTIKO∆Ô ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ Î·È Ë ·Ú¯·›· Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁ›· ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó ·Á·appleË̤ӷ ı¤Ì·Ù· ÙˆÓ apple·È‰ÈÒÓ,ηχappleÙÔ˘Ó ÂÎÙÂٷ̤ÓÔ Ì¤ÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ·Ó·Ï˘ÙÈÎÔ‡ appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜ ÛÙ· Û¯ÔÏ›· Î·È ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó·ÂÓÙ·¯ıÔ‡Ó ÛÙË ‰È‰·ÎÙ¤· ‡ÏË appleÔÏÏÒÓ Ù¿ÍˆÓ. M¤Û· ·applefi ÙÔ ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ, ÙË Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ÙËÓÙ¤¯ÓË ÌappleÔÚԇ̠ӷ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ¤Ó· ‰È·ıÂÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÙÚfiappleÔ ‰È‰·Ûηϛ·˜. ªÂÁ¿Ï· ·ÊÈÂÚÒ-Ì·Ù· ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· Á›ÓÔ˘Ó ÛÙ· appleÏ·›ÛÈ· Ù˘ ÂÚÈ‚·ÏÏÔÓÙÈ΋˜ ∂Îapple·›‰Â˘Û˘ ηıÒ˜ Âapple›Û˘ Î·È ÛÙÔappleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ· Ù˘ ∂˘¤ÏÈÎÙ˘ ∑ÒÓ˘.∆· ΛÌÂÓ· ÛÙ· ¤ÓÙ˘apple· ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ ·apple¢ı‡ÓÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi. ∏ apple›Ûˆ appleÏÂ˘Ú¿ ÙˆÓÂÓÙ‡appleˆÓ, Ì ÙȘ ÂÈÎfiÓ˜, ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈËı› ˆ˜ ·Ê›Û· ̤۷ ÛÙËÓÙ¿ÍË. ∆· ¤ÓÙ˘apple·-apple·È¯Ó›‰È· ηıÒ˜ Î·È ÔÈ Î·ÚÙ¤ÏϘ Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ̇ıÔ˘˜ Î·È Ù·apple·È¯Ó›‰È· ·apple¢ı‡ÓÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜.∞ÎÔÏÔ˘ıÔ‡Ó appleÚÔÙ¿ÛÂȘ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi, appleÔÏϤ˜ ·applefi ÙȘ Ôappleԛ˜ ¤¯Ô˘Ó‹‰Ë ÂÊ·ÚÌÔÛı› ·applefi ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ÔappleÔ›Ô˘˜ ¤¯Ô˘Ì ̷ÎÚfi¯ÚÔ-ÓË Û˘ÓÂÚÁ·Û›·. AÓ·Ï˘ÙÈ΋ ‚È‚ÏÈÔÁÚ·Ê›· Ì ÙȘ ‰ËÌÔÛȇÛÂȘ ÙˆÓ ÂÚÁ·ÛÈÒÓÙˆÓ Û¯ÔÏ›ˆÓ ÌappleÔÚ›Ù ӷ ‚Ú›Ù ÛÙËÓ ÈÛÙÔÛÂÏ›‰· Ù˘ Y..M.A.POTAEI °IA TON EKAI¢EYTIKO


36MùõÔÏÔÁ›·, IÛÙÔÚ›· Î·È T¤¯ÓËPOTAEI °IA TON EKAI¢EYTIKOMùõÔÏÔÁ›·, IÛÙÔÚ›· Î·È T¤¯ÓËñ TÔ ·È¯Ó›‰È ÙˆÓ XÂÈÚÔÙ¯ÓÈÒÓAÛ¯ÔÏËı›Ù Ì ¯ÂÈÚÔÙ¯ӛ˜. ∑ˆÁÚ·Ê›ÛÙ ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ Ì fiÏˆÓ ÙˆÓ ÂȉÒÓ Ù· ¯ÚÒÌ·Ù·.¢ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÙ ¤ÚÁ· Ì ÙËÓ Ù¯ÓÈ΋ ÙÔ˘ ÎÔÏÏ¿˙. ∂ÎÌÂÙ·ÏÏ¢ı›Ù ÙȘ ÙÂÚ¿ÛÙȘ ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙË-Ù˜ ÙˆÓ ∏ÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈÎÒÓ ÀappleÔÏÔÁÈÛÙÒÓ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ·Û›· Ù˘ ÂÈÎfiÓ·˜. ηӿÚÂÙ ÂÈÎfiÓÂ˜Î·È ÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ·Ûı›Ù ÙȘ.∞Ó·˙ËÙ‹ÛÙ ‹ ηٷÛ΢¿ÛÙ ̷˙› Ì ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ οappleÔÈ· ÌÈÎÚÔ·ÓÙÈΛÌÂÓ· appleÔ˘ Û¯ÂÙ›-˙ÔÓÙ·È Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜. K¿ÓÂÙ ÛÂÏȉԉ›ÎÙ˜, οÚÙ˜ pop-up, mobile Ì ÙÔ˘˜ 12 ıÂÔ‡˜ØÎÚÂÌ¿ÛÙ ٷ ÛÙËÓ Ù¿ÍË. ºÙÈ¿ÍÙ ÙÔ ÁÂÓ·ÏÔÁÈÎfi ‰¤Ó‰ÚÔ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ.K·Ù·Û΢¿ÛÙ apple·È¯Ó›‰È· ¤¯ÔÓÙ·˜ ˆ˜ ÛÙfi¯Ô ÙËÓ ·Ó·ÁÓÒÚÈÛË ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ Î·È ÙˆÓ Ì‡ıˆÓÙÔ˘˜. T· ˆÚ·ÈfiÙÂÚ· apple·˙Ï ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· Á›ÓÔ˘Ó Ì ٷ ۇ̂ÔÏ· ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ. OÈ Ì‡ıÔÈ Î·ÈÔÈ appleÂÚÈappleÏ·Ó‹ÛÂȘ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ‰ÒÛÔ˘Ó ˘ÏÈÎfi ÁÈ· ¤Ó· ÂappleÈÙÚ·apple¤˙ÈÔ apple·È¯Ó›‰È.


37ñ TÔ ·È¯Ó›‰È ÙÔù MÔùÛ›Ôù Ù˘ T¿Í˘ºÙÈ¿ÍÙ ÙÔ ‰ÈÎfi Û·˜ ÌÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ, ÙÔ ÌÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô Ù˘ Ù¿Í˘.AÓ·ÚÙ‹ÛÙ ÛÙËÓ Ù¿ÍË apple›Ó·Î˜, ¤Ó·Ó ÁÈ· οı ıÂfi. O οı ıÂfi˜ ¤¯ÂÈ appleÔÏÏ¿ ۇ̂ÔÏ·. OÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó·Ê¤ÚÔ˘Ó ·applefi ÙÔ Ûapple›ÙÈ ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÓÙÈΛÌÂÓ·, οÚÙ˜, ʈÙÔÁڷʛ˜ ·applefi appleÂÚÈÔ‰Èο (˘apple¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó appleÔÏÏ¿ Û ‰È·ÊËÌ›ÛÂȘ, apple.¯.Ô EÚÌ‹˜ ÛÙËÓ Interflora ‹ Ë ¢‹ÌËÙÚ· ÛÙËÓ AÁÚÔÙÈ΋ TÚ¿appleÂ˙·) ÒÛÙ ÛÈÁ¿-ÛÈÁ¿ Ë Û˘ÏÏÔÁ‹ Ù˘ Ù¿Í˘ Ó· ÌÂÁ·ÏÒÓÂÈ.ŒÁ¯ÚˆÌ· ʈÙÔ·ÓÙ›ÁÚ·Ê· ·applefi ‚È‚Ï›· ηÈÂÁ΢ÎÏÔapple·›‰ÂȘ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· appleÏÔ˘Ù›ÛÔ˘Ó ÌÂÛappleÔ˘‰·›· ¤ÚÁ· Ù¤¯Ó˘ ÙË Û˘ÏÏÔÁ‹ Û·˜.ÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· ˙ËÙ‹ÛÙ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ó·ÌÂÙ·ÙÚ¤„Ô˘Ó ÎÔ‡ÎϘ, ¢¯Ô‡Ïˉ˜, Lego ‹ÔappleÔÈ·‰‹appleÔÙ ¿ÏÏË ÊÈÁÔ‡Ú·, Û ıÂÔ‡˜ ÁÈ· Ó·ÂÎÙÂıÔ‡Ó ÛÙÔ ÌÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô Û·˜.ñ TÔ ·È¯Ó›‰È ÙÔù M·õËÙ‹-ùÏϤÎÙËMÂÏÂÙ‹ÛÙ ÙȘ ηÚÙ¤ÏϘ Ì ٷ ÁÚ·ÌÌ·ÙfiÛËÌ· Î·È Ù· ÓÔÌ›ÛÌ·Ù·. ÚÔÙÚ¤„Ù ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ó· οÓÔ˘Ó ‰È΋ ÙÔ˘˜Û˘ÏÏÔÁ‹, Ó· Ì·˙¤„Ô˘Ó Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓ· ÁÚ·ÌÌ·ÙfiÛËÌ· Î·È ÓÔÌ›ÛÌ·Ù· ÙÔ˘ 20Ô‡ ·ÈÒÓ·, ΤÚÌ·Ù· ·ÏÏ¿ ηȯ·ÚÙÔÓÔÌ›ÛÌ·Ù· appleÔ˘ ·appleÂÈÎÔÓ›˙Ô˘Ó ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜. EȉÈο ÁÈ·ÙÔÓ EÚÌ‹ (ÁÚ·ÌÌ·ÙfiÛËÌ·) Î·È ÙËÓ AıËÓ¿ (ÓÔÌ›ÛÌ·Ù·) ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó·Î¿ÓÔ˘Ó appleÈÔ Î·Ï‹ Û˘ÏÏÔÁ‹ ÛÙÔȯ›ˆÓ. OÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó·„¿ÍÔ˘Ó Î·È Û ͤӷ ÓÔÌ›ÛÌ·Ù· Î·È Ó· ‚ÚÔ˘Ó ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ Î·È Ù·Û‡Ì‚ÔÏ¿ ÙÔ˘˜. ZËÙ‹ÛÙ ÙÔ˘˜ Ó· ۯ‰ȿÛÔ˘Ó ‰ÈΤ˜ ÙÔ˘˜ appleÚÔÙ¿ÛÂȘÁÈ· Ù· EÏÏËÓÈο T·¯˘‰ÚÔÌ›· Î·È ÙÔ NÔÌÈÛÌ·ÙÔÎÔapple›Ô.POTAEI °IA TON EKAI¢EYTIKOMùõÔÏÔÁ›·, IÛÙÔÚ›· Î·È T¤¯ÓË


38ñ TÔ ·È¯Ó›‰È ÙˆÓ £ÂÒÓ Î·È ÙˆÓ M‡õˆÓ ÙÔù˜∑ËÙ‹ÛÙ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ó· ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›ÛÔ˘Ó ÙÔ˘˜ ̇ıÔ˘˜ appleÔ˘ ÂÈÎÔÓ›˙ÔÓÙ·È ÛÙȘηÚÙ¤ÏϘ. B¿ÏÙ ÙÔ˘˜ Ó· ÁÚ¿„Ô˘Ó ÙÔ˘˜ ˘appleÔÙÈı¤ÌÂÓÔ˘˜ ‰È·ÏfiÁÔ˘˜ ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓıÂÒÓ. ÚÔÙÚ¤„Ù ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ó· ˙ËÙ‹ÛÔ˘Ó Î¿ÙÈ ·applefi ÙÔÓ Î¿ı ıÂfi ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· ÌÂÙȘ ȉÈfiÙËÙ¤˜ ÙÔ˘. TÈ ı· ˙ËÙÔ‡Û˜ ·applefi ÙÔÓ ◊Ê·ÈÛÙÔ Î·È ÙÈ ·applefi ÙËÓ ◊Ú·;T· apple·È‰È¿ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó ÛÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· Ó· ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÔ˘Ó ¤Ó·Ó ‰ÈÎfi ÙÔ˘˜ ̇ıÔ ÁÈ·Ó· ÂÍËÁ‹ÛÔ˘Ó ¤Ó· Ê˘ÛÈÎfi Ê·ÈÓfiÌÂÓÔ, Ó· ÙÔ ÁÚ¿„Ô˘Ó ˆ˜ ÛÂÓ¿ÚÈÔ ÁÈ· ¤Ó· ı·-ÙÚÈÎfi ¤ÚÁÔ Î·È ÛÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· Ó· ÙÔ ‰Ú·Ì·ÙÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÔ˘Ó.POTAEI °IA TON EKAI¢EYTIKOMùõÔÏÔÁ›·, IÛÙÔÚ›· Î·È T¤¯ÓËO οı ̷ıËÙ‹˜ ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· Ù·˘ÙÈÛı› Ì ¤Ó·Ó ıÂfi, Ó· ηٷÛ΢¿ÛÂÈ Û‡Ì‚Ô-Ï·, Ó· ʈÙÔÁÚ·ÊËı› Ì ·˘Ù¿ apple·ÚÈÛÙ¿ÓÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔÓ Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤ÓÔ ıÂfi. ªappleÔÚ›ӷ ۯ‰ȿÛÂÈ ıÂÔ‡˜ Î·È Ó· ‚¿ÏÂÈ ÁÈ· appleÚfiÛˆappleÔ ÙË ‰È΋ ÙÔ˘ ʈÙÔÁÚ·Ê›·. M·˘ÙfiÓ ÙÔÓ ÙÚfiappleÔ ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· Á›ÓÂÈ ¤Ó·˜ apple›Ó·Î·˜ ‹ ¤Ó· ·Ó·ÌÓËÛÙÈÎfi ‚È‚Ï›Ô Ù˘ٿ͢ Ì fiÏÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜-ıÂÔ‡˜.¢ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÙ ̷˙› Ì ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ¤Ó·Ó Ê¿ÎÂÏÏÔ Ì ı¤Ì· "ÕÏÏÔÈ ∞Ú¯·›ÔÈ £ÂÔ›". ªÂÏÂÙ‹ÛÙ ÎÈ ¿ÏÏÔ˘˜ıÂÔ‡˜, ÙËÓ ∂ÛÙ›·, ÙÔÓ ÏÔ‡ÙÔ, ÙÔÓ ÏÔ‡ÙˆÓ·, ÙÔÓ ∞ÛÎÏËappleÈfi, ÙË ¡¤ÌÂÛË, ÙËÓ ÿÚȉ·, ÙÔÓ ŒÚˆÙ· ÎÏapple.¢ÒÛÙ ۇÁ¯ÚÔÓ· ۇ̂ÔÏ· ÛÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜. ∆È Û‡Ì‚ÔÏ· ı· ›¯·Ó Û‹ÌÂÚ· appleÔ˘ ı··ÓÙÈappleÚÔÛÒapple¢·Ó ÙȘ ȉÈfiÙËÙ¤˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ̤۷ ·applefi ÙȘ Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓ˜ ·Ó¿ÁΘ; MËÓ Í¯ӿÙ fiÙÈ ÂÍ ›ÛÔ˘ ‰ËÌÈ-Ô˘ÚÁÈ΋ ˆ˜ Ì¿ıËÌ· ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· Â›Ó·È Î·È Ë ÂappleÈÓfiËÛË ÂÓfi˜ Ó¤Ô˘ Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓÔ˘ ıÂÔ‡ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜. £ÂÔ›Ù˘ º‡Û˘, Ù˘ §‹ı˘, ÙˆÓ XÚˆÌ¿ÙˆÓ Î·È Ù˘ °˘ÌÓ·ÛÙÈ΋˜ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁËı› ·applefi Ì·ıËÙ¤˜.


39ñ TÔ ·È¯Ó›‰È ÙˆÓ N·ÒÓ√È Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ۯ‰ȿÛÔ˘Ó ¤Ó·Ó Ó·fi ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ ıÂfi ÙÔ˘˜ Î·È Ó· ηٷ-Û΢¿ÛÔ˘Ó ÙË Ì·Î¤ÙÙ· ÙÔ˘ ·applefi appleÔÈΛϷ ˘ÏÈο. ÃÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÒÓÙ·˜ Ù· ¤ÓÙ˘apple·Ù˘ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜ Î·È ¿ÏÏ· ‚È‚Ï›· ·applefi ÙË Û¯ÔÏÈ΋ ‚È‚ÏÈÔı‹ÎËÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ÌÂÏÂÙ‹ÛÔ˘Ó Ì‡ıÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤ÓÔ˘ ıÂÔ‡ Âapple¿Óˆ Û·ÁÁ›· Î·È ÁÏ˘appleÙ¿ Î·È Ó· appleÚÔÙ›ÓÔ˘Ó Û˘Óı¤ÛÂȘ ÁÈ· ·ÂÙÒÌ·Ù·, ÌÂÙfiappleÂ˜Î·È ˙ˆÊfiÚÔ, Ù· ÔappleÔ›· Ó· ÙÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÔ˘Ó ÛÙË Ì·Î¤Ù· ÙÔ˘ Ó·Ô‡ ÙÔ˘˜.ªappleÔÚÔ‡Ó ·Ó ı¤ÏÔ˘Ó Î·È Ó· Ù· "·Ó·apple·Ú·ÛÙ‹ÛÔ˘Ó" Ì ٷ ÛÒÌ·Ù¿ÙÔ˘˜, ˙ˆÓÙ·Ó‡ÔÓÙ·˜ ¤ÙÛÈ Ù· ÁÏ˘appleÙ¿.ñ M›· AÚ¯·›· °ÈÔÚÙ‹ ÛÙÔ ¯ÔÏ›ԪÂÏÂÙ‹ÛÙ ÙȘ ·Ú¯·›Â˜ ÁÈÔÚÙ¤˜, ˆ˜ ̤ÛÔ „˘¯·ÁˆÁ›·˜ ÙˆÓ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ Î·È appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÙ ̛· ÁÈÔÚÙ‹ ÛÙÔ Û¯ÔÏ›Ô. ÷ڷÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈ΋ ÁÈÔÚÙ‹ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜Ï·ÙÚ›·˜ ‹Ù·Ó Ù· ·Ó·ı‹Ó·È·. √ÚÁ·ÓÒÛÙ ·ÁÒÓ˜ Ú·„ˆ‰›·˜-appleÔ›ËÛ˘, ·ÁÒÓ˜ ηÏÏÈÙ¯ÓÈÎÔ‡˜, ÌÔ˘ÛÈÎÔ‡˜, ı·ÙÚÈÎÔ‡˜, ·ıÏËÙÈÎÔ‡˜. √ÚÁ·ÓÒÛÙ ̛··Ú¯·›· appleÔÌapple‹ fiappleˆ˜ ·˘Ù‹ appleÔ˘ ÂÈÎÔÓ›˙ÂÙ·È ÛÙË ˙ˆÊfiÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·.POTAEI °IA TON EKAI¢EYTIKOMùõÔÏÔÁ›·, IÛÙÔÚ›· Î·È T¤¯ÓË


40MùõÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È °ÏÒÛÛ·ñ TÔ ·È¯Ó›‰È Ù˘ °ÏÒÛÛ·˜H ·Ú¯·›· ÂÏÏËÓÈ΋ ÁÏÒÛÛ· Â›Ó·È Û›ÁÔ˘Ú· Ë appleÈÔ ÂӉȷʤÚÔ˘Û· Î·È ˆÚ·›· ÁÏÒÛÛ· ÛÙÔÓ ÎfiÛÌÔ. H ¤ÓÙ·ÍË ÛÙÔ Ì¿ıËÌ· οappleÔÈˆÓ ·applefi Ù· ˆÚ·ÈfiÙÂÚ· ηÈÂÙ˘ÌÔÏÔÁÈο appleÈÔ ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓÙ· Âapple›ıÂÙ·, ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· ÂÌappleÏÔ˘Ù›ÛÂÈ ÙË ‰È‰·Ûηϛ· Î·È Ó· ·˘Í‹ÛÂÈ ÙÔ ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ ÙˆÓ Ì·ıËÙÒÓ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· ÁÏÒÛÛ· Î·È ÁÈ·ÙËÓ ÂͤÏÈÍ‹ Ù˘.POTAEI °IA TON EKAI¢EYTIKOMùõÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È °ÏÒÛÛ·°È· ÙÔÓ Î¿ı ıÂfi ‰›ÓÔÓÙ·È appleÔÏϤ˜ ÂappleˆÓ˘Ì›Â˜. K¿appleÔȘ ·applefi ·˘Ù¤˜ Â›Ó·È ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈΤ˜ ÁÈ· ÙË Ï·ÙÚ›·, ÂÓÒ Î¿appleÔȘ ¿ÏϘÁÈ· ÙËÓ appleÔ›ËÛË Ù˘ ÁÏÒÛÛ·˜ ‹ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Ù¤¯ÓË ÙÔ˘ ÏfiÁÔ˘. O ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi˜ ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· ÂÓÙ¿ÍÂÈ ÛÙÔ Ì¿ıËÌ¿ ÙÔ˘ ÌÂÚÈΤ˜·applefi ÙȘ ÂappleˆÓ˘Ì›Â˜ appleÔ˘ apple·Ú·Ù›ıÂÓÙ·È Î·È Ó· ˙ËÙ‹ÛÂÈ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ó· ‚ÚÔ˘Ó ÙË ÛËÌ·Û›· ÙÔ˘˜, ›Ù ÂÚÌËÓ‡ÔÓÙ¿˜Ù˜, ›Ù Ì ¤Ó· ÏÂÍÈÎfi. æ¿ÍÙ ӷ ‚Ú›Ù οappleÔȘ ·Ú¯·›Â˜ ϤÍÂȘ appleÔ˘ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÌÂÙ·ÊÂÚı› ·˘ÙÔ‡ÛȘ Û ͤÓ˜ ÁÏÒÛÛ˜.OÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ÁÚ¿„Ô˘Ó ‰È·ÏfiÁÔ˘˜ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ Î·È Ó· ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÌappleÏÔ˘Ù›ÛÔ˘Ó Ì ÙȘ ÂappleˆÓ˘Ì›Â˜. ÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· ÌappleÔ-ÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ÙÔ˘˜ ‰Ú·Ì·ÙÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÔ˘Ó.K¿appleÔÈÔÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ·apple·ÁÁ¤ÏÏÔ˘Ó ÈÛÙÔڛ˜, ÁÓˆ-ÛÙÔ‡˜ ‹ ‰ÈÎÔ‡˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ̇ıÔ˘˜. MËÓ Í¯ӿÙ ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜Ú·„ˆ‰Ô‡˜ appleÔ˘ Á‡ÚÈ˙·Ó ÛÙ· Û˘ÌapplefiÛÈ· Î·È ÙȘ ÂÔÚÙ¤˜ ηȷapple‹ÁÁÂÏÏ·Ó ÙȘ Ú·„ˆ‰›Â˜. µÔËıËÙÈ΋ ÁÈ’ ·˘Ù‹Ó ÙË ‰Ú·ÛÙË-ÚÈfiÙËÙ· Â›Ó·È Ë apple·Ú·appleÔÌapple‹ ÛÙ· ·Ú¯·›· ΛÌÂÓ· appleÔ˘ οÓÂÈÔ I. £. K·ÎÚȉ‹˜ ÛÙË M˘ıÔÏÔÁ›· Ù˘ EΉÔÙÈ΋˜ AıËÓÒÓ. M ·˘ÙfiÓ ˆ˜ Ô‰ËÁfi ÌappleÔÚ›Ù ӷ‰Â›Ù ηÙ' ¢ı›·Ó ÙȘ appleËÁ¤˜, ÙÔ ¤appleÔ˜, ÙÔ˘˜ ⁄ÌÓÔ˘˜, ÙÔÓ HÛ›Ô‰Ô, ÙȘ ÙÚ·Áˆ‰›Â˜ Î·È ÙȘ Έ̈-‰›Â˜ appleÔ˘ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÂΉÔı› Û ı·˘Ì¿ÛȘ ÌÂÙ·ÊÚ¿ÛÂȘ Î·È Ó· οÓÂÙ ÙÔ Ì¿ıËÌ· ·applefi Ù· appleÚˆÙfi-Ù˘apple· ΛÌÂÓ·. ŒÙÛÈ ÔÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ì·ı·›ÓÔ˘Ó fiÙÈ ˘apple¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈÎÔ› ̇ıÔÈ ÁÈ· ÙÔ ›‰ÈÔ ı¤Ì·,fiÙÈ ÔÈ Ì‡ıÔÈ ‰ÂÓ Â›Ó·È ÈÛÙÔÚÈΤ˜ appleËÁ¤˜, Â›Ó·È ÈÛÙÔڛ˜ appleÔ˘ ‰›ÓÔ˘Ó ·apple·ÓÙ‹ÛÂȘ Û ˘apple·ÚÍȷοappleÚÔ‚Ï‹Ì·Ù· ÙˆÓ ·ÓıÚÒappleˆÓ, appleÔ˘ ‰ÈηÈÔÏÔÁÔ‡Ó Ù· Ê˘ÛÈο Ê·ÈÓfiÌÂÓ·, ÙÔÓ ÎfiÛÌÔ Á‡Úˆ Ì·˜.


41MùõÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ºùÛÈΤ˜ EappleÈÛً̘ñ TÔ ·È¯Ó›‰È Ù˘ ºùÛÈ΋˜ IÛÙÔÚ›·˜√ οı ıÂfi˜ ›¯Â ˙Ò· Î·È Ê˘Ù¿ ·ÊÈÂڈ̤ӷ Û' ·˘ÙfiÓ. °›ÓÂÙ ÂÚ¢ÓËÙ‹˜ Ù˘ ʇÛ˘.¢ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÙ ÛÙÔ Û¯ÔÏÂ›Ô ÙÔÓ ÎfiÛÌÔ Ù˘ ÍËÚ¿˜, Ù˘ ı¿Ï·ÛÛ·˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ·¤Ú·.M·˙¤„ÙÂ Ê˘Ù¿ Î·È ÊˆÙÔÁڷʛ˜ Ê˘ÙÒÓ Î·È ˙ÒˆÓ. æ¿ÍÙ ӷ ‚Ú›Ù ÙÔ˘˜ ̇ıÔ˘˜ appleÔ˘ Ù·Û˘Ó‰¤Ô˘Ó Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ Î·È ÊÙÈ¿ÍÙ ‚È‚Ï›·, Ê˘ÙÔÏfiÁÈ· Î·È ˙ˆÔÏfiÁÈ·.æ¿ÍÙ ӷ ‚Ú›Ù οappleÔÈ· ·applefi Ù· Ê˘Ù¿ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ ÛÙËÓ ÂÍÔ¯‹. º˘Ù¤„Ù οappleÔÈ· ÛÙÔ Û¯ÔÏ›Ô(·Ìapple¤ÏÈ, ÎÈÛÛfi, ‰¿ÊÓË, ÂÏÈ¿, ÙÚÈ·ÓÙ·Ê˘ÏÏÈ¿). ª·˙¤„Ù Úfi‰È·, ÛÙ¿¯˘·, ʇÎÈ·.√ÚÁ·ÓÒÛÙ ̛· Âapple›ÛÎÂ„Ë ÛÙËÓ ∞Ú¯·›· ∞ÁÔÚ¿ Ù˘ ∞ı‹Ó·˜, fiappleÔ˘ ÌappleÔÚ›Ù ӷ ‚Ú›Ù ٷappleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚ· ·applefi Ù· Ê˘Ù¿ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·˜ Î·È ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ.•Â¯ˆÚ›ÛÙ ٷ ·ÊÈÂڈ̤ӷ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ appleÔ˘ÏÈ¿, ˙Ò· Î·È ı·Ï¿ÛÛÈ· fiÓÙ·. æ¿ÍÙ ÁÈ· ÊÙÂÚ¿ ·applefiapple·ÁÒÓÈ, appleÂÙÂÈÓfi, ÎÔ˘ÎÔ˘‚¿ÁÈ·, ¯‹Ó·, appleÂÚÈÛÙ¤ÚÈ.º·ÓÙ·Ûı›Ù ÙÔÓ ÎfiÛÌÔ ÙˆÓ Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁÈÎÒÓ fiÓÙˆÓ, ·˘ÙÒÓ appleÔ˘ appleÚÔ¤Ú¯ÔÓÙ·È ·applefi ÙÔÓ Û˘Ó‰˘·-ÛÌfi ˙ÒÔ˘ Î·È ·ÓıÚÒappleÔ˘ (ÁÔÚÁfiÓ·, ÌÈÓÒÙ·˘ÚÔ˜, ΤÓÙ·˘ÚÔ˜, ÛÊ›ÁÁ·, ÙÚ›ÙˆÓ) ‹ ˙ÒˆÓ ÌÂٷ͇ÙÔ˘˜ (ÈappleapplefiηÌappleÔ˜, Èappleapple·ÏÂÎÙÚ›ˆÓ). ∞Ó·˙ËÙ‹ÛÙ ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙÔÈ¯Ô˘˜ ̇ıÔ˘˜.POTAEI °IA TON EKAI¢EYTIKOMùõÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ºùÛÈΤ˜ EappleÈÛً̘


42POTAEI °IA TON EKAI¢EYTIKOMùõÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ºùÛÈΤ˜ EappleÈÛً̘ñ TÔ ·È¯Ó›‰È Ù˘ °ÂˆÁÚ·Ê›·˜Ù· appleÏ·›ÛÈ· ÙÔ˘ Ì·ı‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Ù˘ ∆ÔappleÈ΋˜ πÛÙÔÚ›·˜ Û˘Ó‰˘¿ÛÙ ÙËÓ ¤ÚÂ˘Ó¿ Û·˜ Ì ÙÔappleÈΤ˜ ıÂfiÙËÙ˜ Î·È apple·Ú·‰fiÛÂȘ. æ¿ÍÙ ÙÔ˘˜ÙÔappleÈÎÔ‡˜ Û·˜ ıÚ‡ÏÔ˘˜. AÓ Ô ·Ú¯·›Ô˜ appleÂÚÈËÁËÙ‹˜ ·˘Û·Ó›·˜ apple¤Ú·Û ·applefi Ù· ̤ÚË Û·˜, ÙfiÙ Ì ԉËÁfiÙ· ı·˘Ì¿ÛÈ· ‚È‚Ï›· ÙÔ˘ N. ·apple·¯·Ù˙‹ Ù˘ EΉÔÙÈ΋˜ AıËÓÒÓ, appleÂÚÈËÁËı›Ù Ì ٷ Ì¿ÙÈ· ÙÔ˘ ·˘Û·Ó›·ÙÔÓ ÙfiappleÔ Û·˜. ºÙÈ¿ÍÙ ¤Ó· apple·È¯Ó›‰È Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ Î·È Ù· Ù·Í›‰È· ÙÔ˘˜ ÛÙËÓ EÏÏ¿‰·. AÓ·˙ËÙ‹ÛÙ ÙÔ˘˜ÙÔappleÈÎÔ‡˜ ‹ÚˆÂ˜ Î·È ÙȘ ÙÔappleÈΤ˜ ÁÈÔÚÙ¤˜ ÁÈ· Ó· Û˘ÌÌÂÙ¿Û¯ÂÙ Û' ·˘Ù¤˜.∞Ó·˙ËÙ‹ÛÙ IÂÚ¿ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ ÛÙËÓ appleÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Û·˜ ηıÒ˜ Î·È Û fiÏË ÙËÓ EÏÏ¿‰·. MÔÈÚ¿ÛÙ ¯¿ÚÙ˜ ÛÙÔ˘˜Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Î·È ˙ËÙ‹ÛÙ ÙÔ˘˜ Ó· ÛËÌÂÈÒÛÔ˘Ó ÙȘ appleÂÚÈÔ¯¤˜ fiappleÔ˘ ˘apple‹Ú¯·Ó πÂÚ¿ ÙÔ˘ οı ıÂÔ‡. XÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÙÂfiÏˆÓ ÙˆÓ ÂȉÒÓ ÙȘ ·appleÔÌÈÌ‹ÛÂȘ appleÂÚÁ·ÌËÓ‹˜ Î·È Ù· ‚Ô˘ÏÔΤÚÈ· ÁÈ· Ó· ‰ÒÛÂÙ ·˘ıÂÓÙÈÎfiÙËÙ·Î·È ÁÔËÙ›· Û ¤Ó·Ó "·Ú¯·›Ô" ¯¿ÚÙË.ñ TÔ ·È¯Ó›‰È Ù˘ AÛÙÚÔÓÔÌ›·˜æ¿ÍÙ ̷˙› Ì ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Û·˜ ÛÙÔ ‡Ìapple·Ó, ÛÙÔ˘˜ appleÏ·Ó‹Ù˜ Î·È ÛÙ· ¿ÛÙÚ·,ÁÈ· ·Ó·apple·Ú·ÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ ÈÛÙÔÚÈÒÓ ·applefi ÙË Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁ›·. ∞Ú¯›ÛÙ Ì ÙÔ ËÏÈ·Îfi Ì·˜Û‡ÛÙËÌ·, ÙÔÓ ◊ÏÈÔ-∞applefiÏψӷ, ÙË ÂÏ‹ÓË-ÕÚÙÂÌË, ÙÔ˘˜ appleÏ·Ó‹Ù˜ ∂ÚÌ‹, ÕÚË,∞ÊÚÔ‰›ÙË, ÔÛÂȉÒÓ· Î·È ¢›·. æ¿ÍÙ ÙÔ˘˜ ̇ıÔ˘˜ ÁÈ· ÙË °·›·, ÙÔÓ ÏÔ‡ÙˆÓ·,ÙÔÓ √˘Ú·Ófi Î·È ÙÔÓ ∫ÚfiÓÔ. ˘Ó¯›ÛÙ Ì ÙÔ Ì‡ıÔ Ù˘ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ °·Ï·Í›··applefi ÙÔ Á¿Ï· Ù˘ ◊Ú·˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ˆÚ·ÈfiÙÂÚÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ ̇ıÔ˘˜ appleÔ˘ ·appleÔÙ˘appleÒ-ÓÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ˘˜ ·ÛÙÂÚÈÛÌÔ‡˜.


43MùõÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ‡Á¯ÚÔÓ· Eapple·ÁÁ¤ÏÌ·Ù·ÔÈ· ·Ú¯·›· Âapple·ÁÁ¤ÏÌ·Ù· appleÚÔÛÙ¿ÙÂ˘Â Î¿ı ıÂfi˜; ∞ÓÙ›ÛÙÔȯ· appleÔÈ· ı· appleÚÔÛÙ¿ÙÂ˘Â Û‹ÌÂÚ·; ˘˙ËÙ‹ÛÙ "·Ó Ô ıÂfi˜ ˙Ô‡ÛÂÛ‹ÌÂÚ·" ÙÈ ı· ·ÓÙÈappleÚÔÛÒappleÂ˘Â Î·È ÙÈ ÂÚÁ·Û›· ı· ¤Î·Ó (apple.¯. Ë ı¿ AıËÓ¿ ı· ‹Ù·Ó appleÈı·ÓfiÓ Î·ıËÁ‹ÙÚÈ· ·ÓÂappleÈÛÙËÌ›Ô˘, Ô EÚÌ‹˜ÂappleÈÎÂÊ·Ï‹˜ ÙˆÓ ÂappleÈÎÔÈÓˆÓÈÒÓ).º·ÓÙ·Ûı›Ù ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ ÙÔ˘ √χÌappleÔ˘ Û·Ó ÙËÓ Î˘‚¤ÚÓËÛË Ù˘ ¯ÒÚ·˜. ∆È ˘appleÔ˘ÚÁÂ›Ô ı· ÂÌappleÈÛÙ¢fiÛ·ÛÙ·Ó Û οı ıÂfi;º·ÓÙ·Ûı›Ù ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ Û·Ó ÙÔ˘˜ ηıËÁËÙ¤˜ ÙÔ˘ Û¯ÔÏ›Ԣ Û·˜. ∆È Ì¿ıËÌ· ı· Û·˜ ¤Î·ÓÂ Ô Î¿ı ıÂfi˜;∏ ∂ÏÏ¿‰· Â›Ó·È Ì›· ¯ÒÚ· ÁÂÌ¿ÙË ·Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎÔ‡˜ ¯ÒÚÔ˘˜ Î·È ÌÔ˘Û›·.∞Ó·˙ËÙ‹ÛÙ ٷ Âapple·ÁÁ¤ÏÌ·Ù· Ù· Û¯ÂÙÈο Ì ÙËÓ appleÔÏÈÙÈÛÙÈ΋ ÎÏËÚÔÓÔÌÈ¿, ÙË ‰È·¯Â›ÚÈÛË Î·È ÙË ‰È·Ê‡Ï·Í‹ Ù˘. °›ÓÂÙ ·Ú¯·ÈÔ-ÏfiÁÔ˜, ÍÂÓ·Áfi˜, Û˘ÓÙËÚËÙ‹˜ ·Ú¯·ÈÔًوÓ, ʇϷη˜ ·Ú¯·ÈÔًوÓ. °›ÓÂÙ ·Ú¯ÈÙ¤ÎÙÔÓ·˜ ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓ, ·Ú¯ÈÙ¤ÎÙÔÓ·˜ ÌÔ˘Û›ˆÓ,·Ú¯ÈÙ¤ÎÙÔÓ·˜ ÂÎı¤ÛˆÓ.POTAEI °IA TON EKAI¢EYTIKOMùõÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ‡Á¯ÚÔÓ· Eapple·ÁÁ¤ÏÌ·Ù·


44POTAEI °IA TON EKAI¢EYTIKOMùõÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ‡Á¯ÚÔÓ· Eapple·ÁÁ¤ÏÌ·Ù·∞Û¯ÔÏËı›Ù Ì ٷ ÙÔ˘ÚÈÛÙÈο Âapple·ÁÁ¤ÏÌ·Ù·. √ÚÁ·ÓÒÛÙ ÂΉÚÔ̤˜, ÂȉÈΤ˜ ‰È·‰ÚÔ̤˜ ̤۷ ÛÙÔÓ ·Ú¯·È-ÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ¯ÒÚÔ, ›Ûˆ˜ Î·È ÂÈÎÔÓÈΤ˜, ÁÚ¿„Ù ¤Ó·Ó Ô‰ËÁfi ÁÈ· apple·È‰È¿.°›ÓÂÙ ‰È·ÊËÌÈÛÙ‹˜. ¢ÒÛÙ ÔÓfiÌ·Ù· ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ Û ̛· Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓË Âappleȯ›ÚËÛËØ AapplefiÏψӷ˜ Û ¤Ó· ÌÔ˘ÛÈÎfiÛ˘ÁÎÚfiÙËÌ·, AÊÚÔ‰›ÙË Û ̛· ÂÙ·ÈÚ›· ηÏÏ˘ÓÙÈÎÒÓ, Z¢˜ Û ÌÈ· ÂÙ·ÈÚ›· ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎÒÓ ÂȉÒÓ, ÔÛÂȉÒÓ·˜ Û¤ӷ Ó·˘ÙÈÏÈ·Îfi ÁÚ·Ê›Ô. ¯Â‰È¿ÛÙ ÙË ‰È·ÊËÌÈÛÙÈ΋ ηÌapple¿ÓÈ· Ù˘ ÂÙ·ÈÚ›·˜, ÙÔ ÏÔÁfiÙ˘appleÔ, ˙ˆÁÚ·Ê›ÛÙ ·Ê›Û˜.ÎÂÊı›Ù ÙȘ ÙÂÚ¿ÛÙȘ ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ˜ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÈÎÒÓ ÎÂÈÌ¤ÓˆÓ appleÔ˘ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ·ÊÂÙËÚ›· ̇ıÔ˘˜ ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ıÂÔ‡˜.°›ÓÂÙÂ Û˘ÁÁڷʤ·˜ ÈÛÙÔÚÈÎÒÓ Ì˘ıÈÛÙÔÚËÌ¿ÙˆÓ. ªÂÏÂÙ‹ÛÙ ̛· Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤ÓË ÂappleÔ¯‹ Î·È ˙ˆÓÙ·Ó¤„Ù ̛· ‰È΋۷˜ ÈÛÙÔÚ›· ̤۷ Û ·˘Ù‹Ó. °Ú¿„Ù ÙÔ ËÌÂÚÔÏfiÁÈÔ ÂÓfi˜ ÈÛÙÔÚÈÎÔ‡ ‹ Ê·ÓÙ·ÛÙÈÎÔ‡ appleÚÔÛÒappleÔ˘ Ù˘ ÂappleÔ¯‹˜.°Ú¿„Ù ¤Ó· ÁÚ¿ÌÌ· Û ·˘Ùfi ‹ ·applefi ·˘Ùfi.°›ÓÂÙ ‰ËÌÔÛÈÔÁÚ¿ÊÔÈ, apple¿ÚÙÂ Û˘ÓÂÓÙ‡ÍÂȘ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜. ¢ËÌÔÛȇÛÙ ÙȘ Û ÂÊËÌÂÚ›‰· ‹ appleÚÔ‚¿ÏÏÂÙ¤ÙȘ ÛÙËÓ ÙËÏÂfiÚ·ÛË.˘˙ËÙ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ÔÚÁ¿ÓˆÛË Ì›·˜ ¤ÎıÂÛ˘ ¤ÚÁˆÓ Ù¤¯Ó˘ ̤۷ Û ¤Ó· ÌÔ˘Û›Ô, ̤۷ ÛÙËÓÙ¿ÍË Û·˜. ∂appleÈϤÍÙ ٷ ·ÓÙÈΛÌÂÓ· appleÔ˘ ı· ÂÎÙÂıÔ‡Ó, ۯ‰ȿÛÙ ÙËÓ Î¿ÙÔ„Ë Ù˘ ¤ÎıÂÛ˘, ÙȘappleÚÔı‹Î˜. ∂appleÈϤÍÙ ÙÔÓ ÊˆÙÈÛÌfi, Ù· ¯ÚÒÌ·Ù· Î·È Ù· ˘ÏÈο appleÔ˘ ı· ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÂÙÂ.°Ú¿„Ù ̛· Û‡ÓÙÔÌË appleÂÚÈÁÚ·Ê‹ ÁÈ· οı ·ÓÙÈΛÌÂÓÔ Î·È ÊÙÈ¿ÍÙ ¤Ó·Ó ηٿÏÔÁÔ ÁÈ· apple·È‰È¿appleÔ˘ Ó· Û˘Óԉ‡ÂÈ ÙËÓ ¤ÎıÂÛË. ∫·Ù·Û΢¿ÛÙ ÙË Ì·Î¤Ù· Ù˘ ¤ÎıÂÛ˘. ªËÓ Í¯¿ÛÂÙ ӷ·ÛÊ·Ï›ÛÂÙ ٷ ¤ÚÁ· Ù¤¯Ó˘ ÁÈ· ¤Ó· appleÔÛfi.√ÚÁ·ÓÒÛÙ ٷ ÂÁη›ÓÈ· Ù˘ ¤ÎıÂÛ˘, ÙȘ appleÚÔÛÎÏ‹ÛÂȘ, ÙËÓ ·Ê›Û·. ∑ËÙ‹ÛÙ ·applefi ÙÔÓ ¢È¢ı˘ÓÙ‹ÙÔ˘ Û¯ÔÏ›Ԣ Ó· ÙËÓ ÂÁηÈÓÈ¿ÛÂÈ.√ÚÁ·ÓÒÛÙ ¤Ó· ηٿÛÙËÌ· ÌÔ˘Û›Ԣ. ¯Â‰È¿ÛÙ ÙÔ ÏÔÁfiÙ˘appleÔ, ÙË ‰È·ÎfiÛÌËÛË ÙÔ˘ ηٷ-ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜, Ù· appleÚÔ˚fiÓÙ· appleÔ˘ ı· appleˆÏÔ‡ÓÙ·È, ÙÔ ¯·ÚÙ› appleÂÚÈÙ˘Ï›ÁÌ·ÙÔ˜, ÙË Û·ÎԇϷ ÙÔ˘.


45ñ A˜ ºÙÈ¿ÍÔùÌ ¤Ó· BÈ‚Ï›Ô ÁÈ· ÙÔù˜ £ÂÔ‡˜ZËÙ‹ÛÙ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ó· ÊÙÈ¿ÍÔ˘Ó ¤Ó· ‚È‚Ï›Ô ÁÈ· ¤Ó·Ó ‹ ÁÈ· appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜.K·ıÒ˜ ηٷÛ΢¿˙ÂÈ ¤Ó· ‚È‚Ï›Ô Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜, ÁÚ¿ÊÂÈ Ù· ΛÌÂÓ·, οÓÂÈ ÙËÓ ÂÈÎÔÓÔÁÚ¿ÊËÛË, ‰È·Ï¤ÁÂÈ ÙȘ ÂÈÎfiÓ˜, ÔÚÁ·ÓÒÓÂÈÙÔ appleÂÚȯfiÌÂÓfi ÙÔ˘ Û ÎÂÊ¿Ï·È·, appleÚfiÏÔÁÔ, Âapple›ÏÔÁÔ, ‚È‚ÏÈÔÁÚ·Ê›· Î·È index, ‰›ÓÂÈ ÛÙÔ ‚È‚Ï›Ô ÙÔ Û¯‹Ì· ÙÔ˘ (›Ûˆ˜ οappleÔÈÔ·applefi Ù· ۇ̂ÔÏ· ÙÔ˘ ıÂÔ‡), ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ› ÙÔ ÂÍÒÊ˘ÏÏÔ, ÙÔ ÔappleÈÛıfiÊ˘ÏÏÔ, ÙÔ˘˜ Ù›ÙÏÔ˘˜, ÙË ÛÂÏ›‰· Ù›ÙÏÔ˘, ÂappleÈϤÁÂÈ ÙȘ ÁÚ·Ì-Ì·ÙÔÛÂÈÚ¤˜, Ù· appleÚˆÙÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù·, οÓÂÈ ÙË ÛÂÏȉÔappleÔ›ËÛË. M·ı·›ÓÂÈ Ó· ‰È·ÎÚ›ÓÂÈ Ù· Âapple·ÁÁ¤ÏÌ·Ù·, ÙÔ˘˜ Û˘ÓÙÂÏÂÛÙ¤˜ appleÔ˘‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡Ó, appleÚÔˆıÔ‡Ó Î·È appleˆÏÔ‡Ó ¤Ó· ‚È‚Ï›Ô.POTAEI °IA TON EKAI¢EYTIKOMùõÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ‡Á¯ÚÔÓ· Eapple·ÁÁ¤ÏÌ·Ù·


46H MÔùÛÂÈÔÛÎÂù‹ T·Íȉ‡ÂÈ...∏ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ "∆Ô ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ" ¤¯ÂÈ Û¯Â‰È·Ûı› ÒÛÙ ӷ ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÂ›Ù·È Ì¤Û· ÛÙËÓÙ¿ÍË, Î·È ÛÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· Û ¤Ó·Ó ¯ÒÚÔ appleÔÏÈÙÈÛÌÈ΋˜ ·Ó·ÊÔÚ¿˜, Ô˘ÛÈ·ÛÙÈο Û οı ¯ÒÚÔ. ŒÓ· ÌfiÓÔÓ¤ÚÁÔ Ù¤¯Ó˘ ÁÈ· ¤Ó·Ó ÌfiÓÔÓ ıÂfi Â›Ó·È ÈηÓfi Ó· ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÂÈ ÔÏfiÎÏËÚÔ ÙÔ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi ‰˘Ó·ÌÈÎfiÙ˘ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜ ·˘Ù‹˜.POTAEI °IA TON EKAI¢EYTIKOH MÔùÛÂÈÔÛÎÂù‹ T·Íȉ‡ÂÈ...ñ  ¤Ó· MÔùÛÂ›Ô ‹ Û ¤Ó·Ó AÚ¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎÞ XÒÚÔT· ·Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈο ÌÔ˘Û›· Â›Ó·È ÁÂÌ¿Ù· ¤ÚÁ· Ù¤¯Ó˘, ÁÏ˘appleÙ¿, ·ÁÁ›·, ÓÔÌ›ÛÌ·Ù· Ì ıÂÔ‡˜ Î·È ‹ÚˆÂ˜,appleÔ˘ ÂÈÎÔÓ›˙Ô˘Ó ÙÔ˘˜ ˆÚ·ÈfiÙÂÚÔ˘˜ ̇ıÔ˘˜ ÁÈ’ ·˘ÙÔ‡˜. ∞ÊÔ‡ ÌÂÏÂÙ‹ÛÂÙ ÙË ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹, ¯ˆÚ›ÛÙÂÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Û ÔÌ¿‰Â˜, Î·È ·Ó·ı¤ÛÙ Û οı ÔÌ¿‰· ¤Ó·Ó ıÂfi. ªÂÏÂÙ‹ÛÙ ÙȘ ηÚ٤Ϙ Ì ٷ ¤ÚÁ·Ù¤¯Ó˘ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·˜. ªÂ ÙË ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ¿ ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ó·˙ËÙ‹ÛÙ apple·ÚfiÌÔȘ ÌÔÚʤ˜ Î·È apple·ÚfiÌÔȘ ÛÎËÓ¤˜ÛÙȘ appleÚÔı‹Î˜ ÙÔ˘ ÌÔ˘Û›Ԣ. ªÂ ÙË ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ· Ì›·˜ „ËÊȷ΋˜ Ì˯·Ó‹˜ ʈÙÔÁÚ·Ê›ÛÙ ٷ ·ÓÙÈΛÌÂÓ· ̤۷ ÛÙȘ appleÚÔı‹Î˜ ÙÔ˘ ÌÔ˘Û›Ԣ Î·È ÊÙÈ¿ÍÙ ¤Ó·ÓÊ¿ÎÂÏÏÔ Ì ÙÔ "¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ ÙÔ˘ ÌÔ˘Û›Ԣ". ºÙÈ¿ÍÙ ̛· ÈÛÙÔÚ›·, ¤Ó· ÂȉÈÎfi Ô‰ÔÈappleÔÚÈÎfi ÁÈ· ÙȘ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ˜ ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤ÓÔ˘ ÌÔ˘Û›Ԣ.∂Îapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ› Î·È Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ·applefi ‰È¿ÊÔÚ· ̤ÚË ÂÓfi˜ ÓÔÌÔ‡ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ì·˙› Ó· οÓÔ˘Ó Ô‰ÔÈappleÔÚÈο Û ӷԇ˜ ÂÓfi˜ ıÂÔ‡ apple.¯. ÛÙËÓ ∞ÙÙÈ΋ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ù· ÎÔÓÙÈ-Ó¿ Û ӷԇ˜ Û¯ÔÏ›· Ó· Û˘ÓÂÚÁ·ÛıÔ‡Ó Û ·Ó·˙‹ÙËÛË πÂÚÒÓ Ù˘ ı¿˜ ÕÚÙÂÌ˘, Ù˘ AÚÙ¤ÌȉԘ µÚ·˘ÚˆÓ›·˜ ÛÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË Î·È ÛÙË µÚ·˘ÚÒÓ·, Ù˘∞ÚÙ¤ÌȉԘ ∞ÁÚÔÙ¤Ú·˜ ÛÙÔ ·ÁÎÚ¿ÙÈ, Ù˘ ∞ÚÙ¤ÌȉԘ ªÔ˘Óȯ›·˜ ÛÙÔÓ ÂÈÚ·È¿, Ù˘ ∞ÚÙ¤ÌȉԘ ∞Ì·Ú˘Û›·˜ÛÙÔ ª·ÚÔ‡ÛÈ, Ù˘ ∞ÚÙ¤ÌȉԘ ∆·˘ÚÔapplefiÏÔ˘ ÛÙË §Ô‡ÙÛ·, Ù˘ ∞ÚÙ¤ÌȉԘ ÚÔapple˘Ï·›·˜ ÛÙËÓ ∂ÏÂ˘Û›Ó· Î.·.√È Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÙÔ˘ οı ۯÔÏ›Ԣ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ÍÂÓ·Á‹ÛÔ˘Ó, Ó· Ô‰ËÁ‹ÛÔ˘Ó ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÙˆÓ ¿ÏÏˆÓ Û¯Ô-Ï›ˆÓ Û ¤Ó· ÁÂÓÈÎfi Ô‰ÔÈappleÔÚÈÎfi ÛÙ· ›¯ÓË Ù˘ ı¿˜ ÛÙËÓ ∞ÙÙÈ΋.ñ  ̛· ÈÓ·ÎÔõ‹ÎË,Û ̛· appleÂÚÈÔ‰È΋ ¤ÎıÂÛË, Û ̛· ·›ıÔ˘Û· ∆¤¯Ó˘, Î·È ÁÂÓÈÎfiÙÂÚ· Û ¤Ó·Ó ¯ÒÚÔ Ì ÓÂfiÙÂÚ· ¤ÚÁ· Ù¤¯Ó˘.√È Û˘Ì‚ÔÏÈÛÌÔ› ÙˆÓ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ ıÂÒÓ Û˘¯Ó¿ ÂappleÈ‚ÈÒÓÔ˘Ó Û ¤ÚÁ· ÙˆÓ ÙÂÏÂ˘Ù·›ˆÓ apple¤ÓÙ ·ÈÒÓˆÓ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÛÂÛ‡Á¯ÚÔÓ· ¤ÚÁ· Ù¤¯Ó˘. ∂appleÈÛÎÂÊı›Ù ÙÔÓ ¯ÒÚÔ appleÔ˘ ÂappleÈϤͷÙÂ, ÂÓÙÔapple›ÛÙ οappleÔÈ· ¤ÚÁ· Î·È ÛÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ·appleËÁ·›ÓÂÙ ̷˙› Ì ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÁÈ· Ó· Ù· ÂÓÙÔapple›ÛÔ˘Ó appleϤÔÓ ÌfiÓÔÈ ÙÔ˘˜.


47ñ  ̛· BÈ‚ÏÈÔõ‹ÎË¢ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÙ ̛· ‚È‚ÏÈÔı‹ÎË ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ ̤۷ ÛÙËÓ Ù¿ÍË, ˙ËÙÒÓÙ·˜ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ó· ʤÚÔ˘Ó Ù· ‰Èο ÙÔ˘˜ ‚È‚Ï›· ·applefi ÙÔ Ûapple›ÙÈ.√ÚÁ·ÓÒÛÙ ̷˙› Ì ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ì›· ¤ÎıÂÛË Ì¤Û· Û ̛· ‚È‚ÏÈÔı‹ÎË, ¯ÔÏÈ΋ ‹ ¢ËÌfiÛÈ·.∏ ηٿٷÍË ÙˆÓ ‚È‚Ï›ˆÓ ÛÙȘ ‚È‚ÏÈÔı‹Î˜ ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ı› ÙÔ ¢Âη‰ÈÎfi ‡ÛÙËÌ· Dewey appleÔ˘ ¯ˆÚ›˙ÂÈ Ù· ‚È‚Ï›· Û 10ηÙËÁÔڛ˜: 100-ºÈÏÔÛÔÊ›· Î·È æ˘¯ÔÏÔÁ›·, 200-£ÚËÛΛ·, 300-∫ÔÈÓˆÓÈΤ˜ ÂappleÈÛً̘, 400-°ÏÒÛÛ˜,500-º˘ÛÈΤ˜ ÂappleÈÛً̘, 600-∂Ê·ÚÌÔṲ̂Ó˜ ÂappleÈÛً̘, 700-∫·Ï¤˜ Ù¤¯Ó˜, æ˘¯·ÁˆÁ›·, ∂Ú·ÛÈÙ¯ÓÈΤ˜·apple·Û¯ÔÏ‹ÛÂȘ, 800-§ÔÁÔÙ¯ӛ·, 900-πÛÙÔÚ›·, °ÂˆÁÚ·Ê›·, µÈÔÁڷʛ˜, 000-°ÂÓÈο ¤ÚÁ·. ∞Ó·˙ËÙ‹ÛÙÂÎ·È Û˘Ó‰˘¿ÛÙ ÛÙÔȯ›· ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ ̤۷ ·applefi fiϘ ÙȘ ηÙËÁÔڛ˜ ÙˆÓ ‚È‚Ï›ˆÓ. ÔÏÏÔ›‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÈÎÔ› Û˘Ó‰˘·ÛÌÔ› ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· Á›ÓÔ˘Ó ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ Î·È appleÔÈÎ›ÏˆÓ ıÂÌ¿ÙˆÓ:‚È‚Ï›· ÁÈ· Ù· Ûapple›ÙÈ· ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ, ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ Ó·Ô‡˜, ÁÈ· Ù· ÓÂÔÎÏ·ÛÈο ÎÙ‹ÚÈ· appleÔ˘ ¤¯Ô˘ÓÂÓۈ̷ÙÒÛÂÈ ÛÙË ÌÔÚÊ‹ ÙÔ˘˜ appleÔÏÏ¿ ÛÙÔȯ›· Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋˜, ÁÈ· Ù· ËÊ·›ÛÙÂÈ·,ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ÎÂÚ·˘ÓÔ‡˜, ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Î·ÏÏȤÚÁÂÈ· Ù˘ Á˘ ÎÏapple. ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ‰ÒÛÔ˘Ó ÂÚÂı›ÛÌ·Ù·ÛÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÒÛÙ ӷ Ì¿ıÔ˘Ó Ó· „¿¯ÓÔ˘Ó ÛÙ· Ú¿ÊÈ· ÙˆÓ ‚È‚ÏÈÔıËÎÒÓ.∫¿ı ̷ıËÙ‹˜ ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· ÂappleÈϤÍÂÈ ¤Ó·Ó ıÂfi Î·È Ó· ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÂÈ ÙÔ ‰ÈÎfi ÙÔ˘ Ô‰ÔÈappleÔÚÈÎfi,·Ó·˙ËÙÒÓÙ·˜ ۇ̂ÔÏ· Î·È ·ÓÙ›ÛÙÔȯ· ‚È‚Ï›·.º˘ÛÈο fiÏ· ·˘Ù¿ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ·Ó·˙ËÙËıÔ‡Ó Î·È Ì¤Û· ·applefi ÙÔ ¢È·‰›ÎÙ˘Ô.ñ  ¤Ó· BÈ‚ÏÈÔappleˆÏ›ÔÂ Û˘ÓÂÚÁ·Û›· Ì ÙÔÓ ˘apple‡ı˘ÓÔ ÂÓfi˜ ‹ appleÂÚÈÛÛÔÙ¤ÚˆÓ ÁÂÈÙÔÓÈÎÒÓ ‚È‚ÏÈÔappleˆÏ›ˆÓ ÔÚÁ·ÓÒÛÙ ¤Ó· Ô‰ÔÈappleÔÚÈÎfi, ·Ó·˙ËÙÒÓÙ·˜ ‚È‚Ï›· ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ ÛÙȘappleÚÔı‹Î˜ ÙˆÓ ‚È‚ÏÈÔappleˆÏ›ˆÓ. ∆¤ÙÔÈ· appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· Á›ÓÔ˘Ó Û ¯ÒÚÔ˘˜ fiappleˆ˜ Ë ÙÔ¿ ÙÔ˘ µÈ‚Ï›Ô˘, ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó fï˜ Ó· Á›ÓÔ˘Ó Î·È Û ¤Ó· ÌÈÎÚfi‚È‚ÏÈÔappleˆÏÂ›Ô ‹ Û ̛· ŒÎıÂÛË µÈ‚Ï›Ô˘. ∆Ș Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤Ó˜ Ë̤Ú˜, ÌÂÙ¿ ·applefi Û˘ÓÂÓÓfiËÛË, ÔÈ ˘apple‡ı˘ÓÔÈ ÙÔappleÔıÂÙÔ‡Ó ÛÙȘ appleÚÔı‹Î˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ‚È‚Ï›· Ì ı¤Ì·Ù·appleÔ˘ Û¯ÂÙ›˙ÔÓÙ·È ¿ÌÂÛ· ‹ ¤ÌÌÂÛ· Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ ÙÔ˘ OχÌappleÔ˘ apple.¯. ÙÔ ı¤·ÙÚÔ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ ¢ÈfiÓ˘ÛÔ, Ô Á¿ÌÔ˜ Î·È Ë ÔÈÎÔÁ¤ÓÂÈ· ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ◊Ú·, Ë Î·ÏÏȤÚÁÂÈ· Ù˘ÂÏÈ¿˜ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ AıËÓ¿. OÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ „¿¯ÓÔ˘Ó Ó· ‚ÚÔ˘Ó ‚È‚Ï›· ÏÔÁÔÙ¯ÓÈο, ÂappleÈÛÙËÌÔÓÈο, apple·È‰Èο, ÂÈÎÔÓÔÁÚ·ÊË̤ӷ, ÎfiÌÈΘ, ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÔ‡Ó ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÈοÙË Ê·ÓÙ·Û›· ÙÔ˘˜, οÓÔ˘Ó ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓÙ˜ Û˘Û¯ÂÙÈÛÌÔ‡˜, ηٷÁÚ¿ÊÔ˘Ó Ù· ‚È‚Ï›· appleÔ˘ Âapple¤ÏÂÍ·Ó Î·È Ì·ı·›ÓÔ˘Ó Ó· „¿¯ÓÔ˘Ó ÛÙË ‚È‚ÏÈÔÁÚ·Ê›·.POTAEI °IA TON EKAI¢EYTIKOH MÔùÛÂÈÔÛÎÂù‹ T·Íȉ‡ÂÈ...


ISBN: 960-214-503-X

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