Aκρόπολη και Εκπαίδευση

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Aκρόπολη και Εκπαίδευση

AKPOO§H KAI EKAI¢EYHTÔ ¤ÓÙ˘appleÔ ·˘Ùfi Ù˘appleÒıËÎÂÌ ÙËÓ Â˘ÁÂÓÈ΋ ¯ÔÚËÁ›· ÙÔ˘ I‰Ú‡Ì·ÙÔ˜ MappleÔ‰ÔÛ¿ÎËYOYP°EIO O§ITIMOY ñ YHPEIA YNTHPHH MNHMEIøN AKPOO§HA , EºOPEIA PO´TOPIKøN & K§AIKøN APXAIOTHTøN ñ TOMEA ENHMEPøH & EKAI¢EYH


H Ù¤¯ÓË Î·È Ë ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋ Ù˘ AıËÓ·˚΋˜ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ appleÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÙ·È ÛÙË ‰È‰·ÎÙ¤· ‡ÏË ÙˆÓappleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚˆÓ Û¯ÔÏ›ˆÓ Û fiÏÔÓ ÙÔÓ ÎfiÛÌÔ. TÔ ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÒÓ, Ì·ıËÙÒÓ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÙԢ¢ڇÙÂÚÔ˘ ÎÔÈÓÔ‡ ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ë appleÂappleÔ›ıËÛË fiÙÈ Ë Î·Ï‡ÙÂÚË ÌÔÚÊ‹ Û˘ÓÙ‹ÚËÛ˘ Â›Ó·È Ë appleÚÔÏËappleÙÈÎ‹Û˘ÓÙ‹ÚËÛË, Ë ÔappleÔ›· ·Ú¯›˙ÂÈ Ì¤Û· ·applefi ÙËÓ ÂÎapple·›‰Â˘ÛË, ÒıËÛ·Ó ÙËÓ EappleÈÙÚÔapple‹ ˘ÓÙ‹ÚËÛ˘ MÓËÌ›ˆÓAÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ (EMA) ÛÂ Û˘ÓÂÚÁ·Û›· Ì ÙËÓ A’ EÊÔÚ›· ÚÔ˚ÛÙÔÚÈÎÒÓ Î·È KÏ·ÛÈÎÒÓ AÚ¯·ÈÔًوÓ(A’ EKA) Ó· ÍÂÎÈÓ‹ÛÔ˘Ó ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈο appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· ‹‰Ë ·applefi ÙÔ 1987.‹ÌÂÚ· Ô ∆Ô̤·˜ ∂ÓË̤ڈÛ˘ Î·È ∂Îapple·›‰Â˘Û˘ Ù˘ ÀappleËÚÂÛ›·˜ ˘ÓÙ‹ÚËÛ˘ ªÓËÌ›ˆÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘(Àª∞) ÛÂ Û˘ÓÂÚÁ·Û›· Ì ÙËÓ A’ EKA, ·ÊÂÓfi˜ apple·Ú¤¯ÂÈ ÛÙÔȯ›· ÁÈ· ÙȘ ‰Ú·ÛÙËÚÈfiÙËÙ˜ Ù˘ ∂ª∞ ηÈÙ˘ Yª∞ ÛÙÔ appleÓ‡̷ Ù˘ Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓ˘ ‰ÈÂıÓÔ‡˜ appleÚ·ÎÙÈ΋˜ appleÏËÚÔÊfiÚËÛ˘ ÙˆÓ appleÔÏÈÙÒÓ ÁÈ· Ù· ÌÂÁ¿Ï·‰ËÌfiÛÈ· ¤ÚÁ·, ÎÈ ·ÊÂÙ¤ÚÔ˘ ‰È¢ÎÔχÓÂÈ ÙËÓ Âapple·Ê‹ ÙˆÓ Ì·ıËÙÒÓ Ì ÙËÓ Ù¤¯ÓË Î·È ÙËÓ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋Ù˘ ÎÏ·ÛÈ΋˜ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·˜, ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ì ٷ ÌÂÁ¿Ï· ¤ÚÁ· Û˘ÓÙ‹ÚËÛ˘ Î·È ·Ó·ÛًψÛ˘ appleÔ˘appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈÔ‡ÓÙ·È ÛÙÔÓ πÂÚfi µÚ¿¯Ô.∂ȉÈÎfiÙÂÚ· Ô ∆Ô̤·˜:√ÚÁ·ÓÒÓÂÈ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈο appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· ÁÈ· Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤Ó˜ ÔÌ¿‰Â˜ Î·È ÂȉÈÎfiÙÂÚ· ÁÈ· Û¯ÔÏÈΤ˜Ù¿ÍÂȘ –appleÂÚ›appleÔ˘ 25 Ì·ıËÙÒÓ Ë Î·ıÂÌ›·– Ì ı¤Ì· ÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË Î·È Ù· ÌÓËÌ›· Ù˘.¢ÈÂÍ¿ÁÂÈ ÛÂÌÈÓ¿ÚÈ· Û ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ Î·È ÊÔÈÙËÙ¤˜ Ì ÛÙfi¯Ô ÙËÓ ÂappleÈÌfiÚʈۋ ÙÔ˘˜ Û ı¤Ì·Ù·ÎÏ·ÛÈ΋˜ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋˜ Î·È Ù¤¯Ó˘ ηıÒ˜ Î·È Û ı¤Ì·Ù· ·Ó·ÛًψÛ˘ ÎÏ·ÛÈÎÒÓ ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓ.·Ú¿ÁÂÈ ÂΉfiÛÂȘ - ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfi Û¯ÂÙÈο Ì ÙËÓ ÎÏ·ÛÈ΋ Ù¤¯ÓË Î·È ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋ ηıÒ˜Î·È Ì ٷ ·Ó·ÛÙËψÙÈο ¤ÚÁ· ÛÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË, ÙÔ ÔappleÔ›Ô ‰·Ó›˙ÂÈ ‹ apple·Ú¤¯ÂÈ ÌfiÓÈÌ· Û ۯÔÏ›·.√ÚÁ·ÓÒÓÂÈ ÂȉÈο Û˘Ó¤‰ÚÈ· ÁÈ· ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ Ì ÁÂÓÈÎfi ı¤Ì·: «∂Îapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ› Î·È appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù·ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË» Î·È ÂΉ›‰ÂÈ Ù· appleÚ·ÎÙÈο ÙÔ˘˜.¯Â‰È¿˙ÂÈ ÂÎı¤ÛÂȘ ÛÂ Û˘ÓÂÚÁ·Û›· Ì ÙÔ ÂappleÈÛÙËÌÔÓÈÎfi appleÚÔÛˆappleÈÎfi ÙˆÓ ¤ÚÁˆÓ Î·È ¿ÏÏÔ˘˜ ÊÔÚ›˜.3


EKAI¢EYTIKAPO°PAMMATA∆· ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈο appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· ·apple¢ı‡ÓÔÓÙ·È Î˘Ú›ˆ˜ Û ̷ıËÙ¤˜ Ù˘ ¢’ Î·È ∂’ ¢ËÌÔÙÈÎÔ‡ Î·È Ù˘∞’ °˘ÌÓ·Û›Ô˘, ηıÒ˜ Ë ıÂÌ·ÙÈ΋ ÂÓfiÙËÙ· Ù˘ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ ÂÓÙ¿ÛÛÂÙ·È ÛÙË ‰È‰·ÎÙ¤· ‡ÏË ÙÔ˘˜.∏ Âapple›ÛÎÂ„Ë ÔÚÁ·ÓÒÓÂÙ·È Ì ‚¿ÛË Î¿appleÔÈÔ Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤ÓÔ Î¿ı ÊÔÚ¿ ı¤Ì· appleÔ˘ ηıÔÚ›˙ÂÙ·È·applefi ÙËÓ ËÏÈΛ· Î·È ÙȘ ÁÓÒÛÂȘ ÙˆÓ apple·È‰ÈÒÓ. ∆· appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· ‰ÈÂÍ¿ÁÔÓÙ·È ÛÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË Î·ÈÛÙÔ ∫¤ÓÙÚÔ ªÂÏÂÙÒÓ Ù˘ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘. H ÂappleÈÏÔÁ‹ ÙˆÓ Û¯ÔÏ›ˆÓ Ì ٷ ÔappleÔ›· Û˘ÓÂÚÁ¿˙ÂÙ·ÈÔ TÔ̤·˜, Á›ÓÂÙ·È Ì ‚¿ÛË ÙÔ ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ ÙˆÓ ›‰ÈˆÓ ÙˆÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÒÓ Î·È ÙËÚÂ›Ù·È ·˘ÛÙËÚ¿Ë ÛÂÈÚ¿ appleÚÔÙÂÚ·ÈfiÙËÙ·˜ Ù˘ ·›ÙËÛ˘ ÙˆÓ Û¯ÔÏ›ˆÓ.K·Ù¿ ÙÔÓ Û¯Â‰È·ÛÌfi ÙÔ˘ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡ appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜, Ô appleÚÔ‚ÏËÌ·ÙÈÛÌfi˜ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ appleÚÔÛ¤Á-ÁÈÛË ÙÔ˘ ı¤Ì·ÙÔ˜ Û¯ÂÙ›˙ÂÙ·È ¿ÌÂÛ· Ì ÙËÓ appleÚÔÛ¤ÁÁÈÛË ÙÔ˘ ÂȉÈÎÔ‡ Ô‰ÔÈappleÔÚÈÎÔ‡ Ê˘ÏÏ·‰›Ô˘,ÙÔ˘ apple·È‰ÈÎÔ‡ ‚È‚Ï›Ô˘ ÁÓÒÛÂˆÓ appleÔ˘ ÙÔ Û˘Óԉ‡ÂÈ. ŒÙÛÈ ÙÔ appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ· Ù·˘Ù›˙ÂÙ·È appleÂÚ›appleÔ˘ ÌÂÙÔ ¤ÓÙ˘appleÔ, ηıÒ˜ ÙÔ ¤ÓÙ˘appleÔ ¤¯ÂÈ ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚË ‰˘Ó·ÌÈ΋, ÂÊfiÛÔÓ ı· ÙÔ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÔ˘ÓappleÔχ appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔÈ ¿ÓıÚˆappleÔÈ ·applefi ·˘ÙÔ‡˜ appleÔ˘ ı· Û˘ÌÌÂÙ¿Û¯Ô˘Ó ÛÙÔ appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ·.M¤Û· ÛÙ· ¯ÚfiÓÈ· ÂÍÂÏ›¯ıËÎ·Ó Î·È ÔÏÔÎÏËÚÒıËÎ·Ó appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· Û¯ÂÙÈο Ì ÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏËÎ·È Ù· ÌÓËÌ›· Ù˘, ÙÔÓ ·Ú¯·›Ô ÂÚ›apple·ÙÔ Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘, ÙËÓ ÙÔappleÔÁÚ·Ê›· ÙÔ˘ IÂÚÔ‡ BÚ¿¯Ô˘Ì¤Û· ·applefi Ù· ΛÌÂÓ· ÙÔ˘ ÏÔ˘Ù¿Ú¯Ô˘ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ·˘Û·Ó›· ηıÒ˜ Âapple›Û˘ Î·È Ì¤Û· ·applefi ÙË Ï·ÙÚ›·Ù˘ ı¿˜ AıËÓ¿˜, ÙË ZˆÊfiÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·, ÙËÓ Î·Ù·Û΢‹ ÙˆÓ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ Ó·ÒÓ Î·È ÙËÓ·Ó·ÛًψÛË ÙˆÓ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓ. √ÚÈṲ̂ӷ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈο appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· ·Ú¯Èο appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ‹ıËηÓÛ ̷ıËÙ¤˜ Û ÌÂÁ¿ÏË Îϛ̷η ˆ˜ ÂȉÈο ·ÊÈÂÚÒÌ·Ù· Î·È ·applefi ÙfiÙ Âapple·Ó·Ï·Ì-‚¿ÓÔÓÙ·È ˆ˜ ÂappleÈÌÔÚʈÙÈο ÛÂÌÈÓ¿ÚÈ·-appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· Û ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜.·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· Á›ÓÔÓÙ·È appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· Û ηıËÌÂÚÈÓ‹ ‚¿ÛË, Ù· Ù·ÎÙÈο, ηıÒ˜ Î·È ¿ÏÏ· appleÔ˘Û˘Ó‰˘¿˙ÔÓÙ·È Ì appleÂÚÈÔ‰ÈΤ˜ ÂÎı¤ÛÂȘ, Ù· ¤ÎÙ·ÎÙ·.5


A ºIEPøMATAMÈ· M¤Ú· ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏËAÓ·ÛÙËÏÒÓÔÓÙ·˜ Ù· MÓËÌ›· Ù˘∏ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË Â‰Ò Î·È ·ÚÎÂÙ¿ ¯ÚfiÓÈ· Ì¿˜ ‰›ÓÂÈ ÙËÓ ÂÓÙ‡appleˆÛË ÂÓfi˜ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ˘ÂÚÁÔÙ·Í›Ô˘. ·ÓÙÔ‡ ˘apple¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ÛηψÛȤ˜, Ì˯·Ó‹Ì·Ù· Î·È Ù¯ӛÙ˜ appleÔ˘‰Ô˘ÏÂ‡Ô˘Ó ·ÛÙ·Ì¿ÙËÙ·. ∫·Ù¿ ÙË ‰È¿ÚÎÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜ appleÔ˘appleÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ 20 ÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ·, ‰›ÓÂÙ·È ¤ÌÊ·ÛË ÛÙËÓ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋ ·Ó¿Ï˘ÛËÙˆÓ ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓ, ÛÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ ÙÚfiappleÔ˘˜ ‰ÔÌ‹˜, ÛÙȘ ÊıÔÚ¤˜ appleÔ˘ ¤¯Ô˘ÓappleÚÔÎÏËı› ̤۷ ÛÙ· 2500 ¯ÚfiÓÈ· Ù˘ ˙ˆ‹˜ ÙÔ˘˜, ÛÙ· Û‡ÓıÂÙ· appleÚÔ‚Ï‹-Ì·Ù· appleÔ˘ ·ÓÙÈÌÂÙˆapple›˙Ô˘Ó ÔÈ ÂȉÈÎÔ› ÛÙËÓ ÂappleÈÛÙËÌÔÓÈ΋ ÂÚÁ·Û›· appleÔ˘ Á›ÓÂÙ·ÈÁÈ· ÙËÓ ·Ó·ÛًψÛË ÙˆÓ ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚˆÓ·ÚÈÛÙÔ˘ÚÁËÌ¿ÙˆÓ Ù˘ ¿ÚÈÛÙ˘ ÂappleÔ¯‹˜.√ ·Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi˜ ¯ÒÚÔ˜ ÔÚÁ·ÓÒÓÂÙ·ÈÒÛÙ ӷ apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÈ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÂappleÈ-ÛΤappleÙ˜ ÙȘ ‰Ú·ÛÙËÚÈfiÙËÙ˜ ·˘Ù¤˜·Ó·Ï˘ÙÈο. ∞Ú¯ÈÙ¤ÎÙÔÓ˜, ·Ú¯·ÈÔÏfiÁÔÈ,appleÔÏÈÙÈÎÔ› Ì˯·ÓÈÎÔ›, ¯ËÌÈÎÔ›, Û˘ÓÙË-ÚËÙ¤˜, ÏÈıÔÍfiÔÈ Î·È appleÔÏÏÔ› ¿ÏÏÔÈ Î·Ù·-Ó¤ÌÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ ¯ÒÚÔ Ù˘ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘,¤ÙÛÈ ÒÛÙÂ Ô Î·ı¤Ó·˜ Ó· apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÈÙË ‰È΋ ÙÔ˘ ÂÚÁ·Û›·. √ Û˘ÓÙÔÓÈÛÌfi˜Ù˘ Û˘ÌÌÂÙÔ¯‹˜ ÙÔ˘ ηıÂÓfi˜ Á›ÓÂÙ·ÈÌ ٤ÙÔÈÔ ÙÚfiappleÔ ÒÛÙ fiÏÔÈ Ì·˙› Ó·‰›ÓÔ˘Ó ÌÈ· appleÏ‹ÚË appleÂÚÈÁÚ·Ê‹ ÙÔ˘πÂÚÔ‡ µÚ¿¯Ô˘ Î·È apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· Ù˘ηٷÛ΢‹˜, Ù˘ Û˘ÓÙ‹ÚËÛ˘ Î·È Ù˘·Ó·ÛًψÛ˘ ÂÓfi˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘ ÌÓËÌ›Ԣ.6


MÈ· M¤Ú· ÛÙÔ K¤ÓÙÚÔ MÂÏÂÙÒÓ Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘∆Ô K¤ÓÙÚÔ MÂÏÂÙÒÓ Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ (KÂMA) Â›Ó·È ¤Ó· ·applefi Ù· apple·Ï·ÈfiÙÂÚ·Î·È ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎfiÙÂÚ· ‰Â›ÁÌ·Ù· ÙÔ˘ ÎÏ·ÛÈÎÈÛÌÔ‡ ÛÙËÓ ∂ÏÏ¿‰·. ÚfiÎÂÈÙ·ÈÁÈ· ¤Ó· ÌÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ÂÎÌ·Á›ˆÓ ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÓfiÏÔ˘ ÙˆÓ ÁÏ˘appleÙÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·,ÛÙÔ ÔappleÔ›Ô ÛÙÂÁ¿˙ÔÓÙ·È Î·È Ù· ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈο appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· Ù˘∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘. √È Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÙËÓ Â˘Î·ÈÚ›· ̤۷ ·applefi ÙÔ appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ·,appleÔ˘ appleÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ 25 ÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ·, Ó· ÁÓˆÚ›ÛÔ˘Ó fi„ÂȘ Ù˘ ÎÏ·ÛÈ΋˜Ù¤¯Ó˘, fiappleˆ˜ ÙËÓ Î·Ù·Û΢‹ ÂÓfi˜ Ì·ÚÌ¿ÚÈÓÔ˘ ÁÏ˘appleÙÔ‡, ÙË ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ›·ÙÔ˘ ¤ÚÁÔ˘ ÛÙÔÓ appleËÏfi, ÙË ÌÂÙ·ÊÔÚ¿ Û Á‡„Ô, ÙËÓ ·ÓÙÈÁÚ·Ê‹Û ̿ÚÌ·ÚÔ, ÙË ‰È·‰Èηۛ· ηٷÛ΢‹˜ ÂÓfi˜ ·Á¿ÏÌ·ÙÔ˜ ·applefi ÔÚ›¯·ÏÎÔÌ ÙË Ì¤ıÔ‰Ô Ù˘ ·appleÒÏÂÈ·˜ ÎÂÚÈÔ‡, ηıÒ˜ Âapple›Û˘ ÙËÓ Î·Ù·Û΢‹ÙˆÓ ÍÔ¿ÓˆÓ, ÙˆÓ ¯Ú˘ÛÂÏÂÊ¿ÓÙÈÓˆÓ Î·È ÙˆÓ apple‹ÏÈÓˆÓ ·Á·ÏÌ¿ÙˆÓ.ª·ı·›ÓÔ˘Ó appleÒ˜ ηٷÛ΢¿˙ÔÓÙ·È ÔÈÌ‹ÙÚ˜ Î·È ¯˘ÙÂ‡Ô˘Ó ‰ÈοÙÔ˘˜ ÂÎÌ·Á›·. ∆¤ÏÔ˜ apple·Ú·-ÎÔÏÔ˘ıÔ‡Ó Ù· ÛÙ¿‰È·ÌÈ·˜ ·Ó·Ûηʋ˜ ηÈÙÔ appleÒ˜ ¤Ó· ÎÔÌÌ¿ÙÈÁ˘ Î·È ÙÔ appleÂÚȯfi-ÌÂÓfi ÙÔ˘ Û˘Ì-‚¿ÏÏÔ˘Ó ÛÙËÁÓÒÛË Ì·˜ÁÈ· ÙÔ ·ÓıÚÒappleÈÓÔapple·ÚÂÏıfiÓ.A ºIEPøMATA7


A ºIEPøMATAMÈ· M¤Ú· KÙ›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ AÚ¯·›Ô˘˜ N·Ô‡˜√È Ó·Ô› Â›Ó·È Ù· ÛappleÔ˘‰·ÈfiÙÂÚ· ÎÙ‹ÚÈ· Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ ÂÏÏË-ÓÈ΋˜ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋˜. ∫·Ù¿ ÙË ‰È¿ÚÎÂÈ· ÙÔ˘appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜ ÔÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ‚‹Ì· appleÚÔ˜ ‚‹Ì·Î·Ù·Û΢¿˙Ô˘Ó ¤Ó·Ó ‰ÈÎfi ÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô Ó·fi.ª¤Û· ·applefi 8 ÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ· ·Ó·Ï·Ì‚¿ÓÔ˘ÓÙÔ˘˜ ÚfiÏÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘ ∞ıËÓ·›Ô˘ appleÔÏ›ÙË,ÙÔ˘ ·Ú¯ÈÙ¤ÎÙÔÓ·, ÙÔ˘ ÁχappleÙË, ÙÔ˘ Ù¯ӛÙËηÈ, ̤۷ ·applefi ·˘ÙÔ‡˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ÚfiÏÔ˘˜,Û˘ÌÌÂÙ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÙfiÛÔ ÛÙË Ï‹„Ë ÙˆÓ·appleÔÊ¿ÛÂˆÓ fiÛÔ Î·È ÛÙË ‰È·‰Èηۛ· Ù˘ ηٷÛ΢‹˜ ÂÓfi˜ Ó·Ô‡. ÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ·ÂappleÈϤÁÔ˘Ó ÙÔÓ ıÂfi, ÛÙÔÓ ÔappleÔ›Ô ı· ·ÊÈÂÚˆı› Ô Ó·fi˜ Î·È ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡ÓÙÔ Ï·ÙÚ¢ÙÈÎfi ÙÔ˘ ¿Á·ÏÌ·.¯Â‰È¿˙Ô˘Ó ÙËÓ Î¿ÙÔ„ËÙÔ˘ Ó·Ô‡, ÂappleÈϤÁÔ˘Ó ÙÔÓ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈÎfi Ú˘ıÌfi,ηٷÛ΢¿˙Ô˘ÓÙfiÛÔ ÙÔ «›Ó‰·ÏÌ·»ÙÔ˘ ÎÙËÚ›Ô˘, fiÛÔÎ·È appleÚfiÙ˘apple· ÙˆÓÎÈÔÓÔÎÚ¿ÓˆÓ ÙÔ˘.·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙Ô˘Ó ·ÎfiÌ· Û¯¤‰È· ÁÈ· ÙÔı‡ÚˆÌ· Î·È Ù· ı˘ÚfiÊ˘ÏÏ· ÙÔ˘ Ó·Ô‡.MappleÔÚ› Ó· Û˘Ó‰˘·ÛÙ› Ì ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË Ù˘ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜ ( ) «ŒÓ·˜ ∞Ú¯·›Ô˜ ¡·fi˜».8


MÈ· M¤Ú· ÛÙ· ·Ó·ı‹Ó·È·Ì¤Û· ·applefi ÙË ZˆÊfiÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·T· ·Ó·ı‹Ó·È· ‹Ù·Ó Ë ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚË ÁÈÔÚÙ‹ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜Aı‹Ó·˜. appleÔ˘‰·›ÔÈ ·ıÏËÙÈÎÔ› ·ÁÒÓ˜ Û˘Ó‰˘¿˙ÔÓÙ·Ó Ì·ÁÒÓ˜ Ú·„ˆ‰›·˜ Î·È ÌÔ˘ÛÈ΋˜ Î·È Ì›· ÌÂÁ¿ÏË appleÔÌapple‹,·˘Ù‹ appleÔ˘ ÂÈÎÔÓ›˙ÂÙ·È ÛÙË ZˆÊfiÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂ-ÓÒÓ·, ·Ó¤‚·ÈÓ ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË ÙËÓ 28ËEηÙÔÌ‚·ÈÒÓÔ˜, ÙÔ ‰ÂηappleÂÓÙ·‡ÁÔ˘ÛÙÔ.ª¤Û· ·applefi ÙÔ appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ· appleÔ˘ appleÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ8 ÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ·, ÔÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ì ÙË Ê·ÓÙ·Û›·ÙÔ˘˜ Ï·Ì‚¿ÓÔ˘Ó Ì¤ÚÔ˜ ÛÙË ÁÈÔÚÙ‹ÙˆÓ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ ·Ó·ıËÓ·›ˆÓ, ÛÙÔ˘˜·ÁÒÓ˜ ηıÒ˜ Î·È ÛÙË ÌÂÁ¿ÏËappleÔÌapple‹. M¤Û· ·applefi Ù· ÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ·¤¯Ô˘Ó ÙËÓ Â˘Î·ÈÚ›· Ó· ¯˘Ù‡ÛÔ˘Ó·ÓÙ›ÁÚ·Ê· ÙˆÓ Ï›ıˆÓ Ù˘ ZˆÊfiÚÔ˘,Ó· Ù· ‚¿„Ô˘Ó, Ó· ÌÂÏÂÙ‹ÛÔ˘Ó ÙË Û‡ÓıÂÛË Ù˘ZˆÊfiÚÔ˘, Ó· Ϸ͇ÛÔ˘Ó Ì¿ÚÌ·ÚÔ, Ó· apple·Ú·ÙËÚ‹ÛÔ˘ÓÙ· ‰È¿ÊÔÚ· ›‰Ë ·Ú¯·›·˜ ÂÓ‰˘Ì·Û›·˜ Î·È ÌÔ˘ÛÈÎÒÓÔÚÁ¿ÓˆÓ appleÔ˘ ʤÚÔ˘Ó ÔÈ Û˘ÌÌÂÙ¤¯ÔÓÙ˜ ÛÙËÓ appleÔÌapple‹Î·È ‚¤‚·È· Ó· ‰È·ÎÚ›ÓÔ˘Ó Ù· ·ÁˆÓ›ÛÌ·Ù· ÙˆÓ·Ó·ıËÓ·›ˆÓ.ªappleÔÚ› Ó· Û˘Ó‰˘·ÛÙ› Ì ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË Ù˘ «∏ ∑ˆÊfiÚÔ˜ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·».A ºIEPøMATA9


A ºIEPøMATA¿Ì ÛÙÔÓ ÂÚ›apple·ÙÔ Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘TÔ appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ· ¤¯ÂÈ ˆ˜ ı¤Ì· ÙÔÓ ·Ú¯·›Ô ÂÚ›apple·ÙÔ Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘, ‰ËÏ·‰‹ ÙËÓ Ô‰fi appleÔ˘ ηٿ ÙËÓ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ· appleÂÚȤ‚·ÏÏ appleÂÚÈÌÂÙÚÈο ÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË. Ùfi¯Ô˜ ÙÔ˘ appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È Ë ÁÓˆÚÈÌ›· ÙˆÓÌ·ıËÙÒÓ Ì ÙËÓ ÙÔappleÔÁÚ·Ê›· ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ù· appleÔÏÏ¿ Î·È È‰ÈfiÌÔÚÊ· ÌÓËÌ›· appleÔ˘ ÎÙ›ÛÙËÎ·Ó ÛÙȘ appleÏ·ÁȤ˜ Ù˘AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘, ̤۷ ·applefi ‰‡Ô ¤ÓÙ˘apple·. ÙÔ ¤ÓÙ˘appleÔ ÙÔ˘ ‰·ÛοÏÔ˘ Á›ÓÂÙ·È ·Ó·Ï˘ÙÈ΋ appleÂÚÈÁÚ·Ê‹ ÙÔ˘ οıÂÌÓËÌ›Ԣ ͯˆÚÈÛÙ¿, ÂÓÒ ÙÔ ¤ÓÙ˘appleÔ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ Ì·ıËÙ‹ Â›Ó·È ¤Ó· Ô‰ÔÈappleÔÚÈÎfiÛÙÔÓ ·Ú¯·›Ô ÂÚ›apple·ÙÔ Ì ÙË ÌÔÚÊ‹ apple·Ú·Ì˘ıÈÔ‡. ÚˆÙ·ÁˆÓÈÛÙ‹˜Ù˘ ÈÛÙÔÚ›·˜ Â›Ó·È Ô M¤ÓˆÓ, ¤Ó· ÌÈÎÚfi apple·È‰›, ÙÔ ÔappleÔ›Ô ˙ÂÈ ÛÙËÓAı‹Ó·, ÛÙ· Ù¤ÏË ÙÔ˘ 4Ô˘ ·È. apple.X. Î·È ·Ó·˙ËÙ¿ ÛÙÔÓ appleÂÚ›Á˘ÚÔÙ˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ ÙÔ ÈÂÚfi ÙÔ˘ AÛÎÏËappleÈÔ‡.√È Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ì ÙË Ê·ÓÙ·Û›· ÙÔ˘˜ ÂappleÈÛΤappleÙÔÓÙ·ÈÙ· ÈÂÚ¿ Ù˘ ‚fiÚÂÈ·˜ ÎÏÈÙ‡Ô˜, apple·Ú·ÎÔÏÔ˘ıÔ‡Ó ÙÔ˘˜ÌÔ˘ÛÈÎÔ‡˜ ·ÁÒÓ˜ ÙˆÓ ·Ó·ıËÓ·›ˆÓ ÛÙÔ ø‰Â›Ô ÙÔ˘ÂÚÈÎÏ‹, ‹ ÙÔ˘˜ ‰Ú·Ì·ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ·ÁÒÓ˜ appleÚÔ˜ ÙÈÌ‹Ó ÙÔ˘¢ÈÔÓ‡ÛÔ˘, ÛÙÔ ¢ÈÔÓ˘ÛÈ·Îfi ı¤·ÙÚÔ. µÏ¤appleÔ˘Ó ÙÔ˘˜ ∞ıË-Ó·›Ô˘˜ Ó· ηٷʇÁÔ˘Ó ÛÙÔ ÈÂÚfi ÙÔ˘ ∞ÛÎÏËappleÈÔ‡, fi¯È ÌfiÓÔÁÈ· Ó· Ï·ÙÚ¤„Ô˘Ó ÙÔÓ ıÂfi, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÁÈ· Ó· ˙ËÙ‹ÛÔ˘ÓıÂÚ·apple›· Û ¤Ó· ·applefi Ù· appleÚÒÙ· ıÂÚ·appleÂ˘Ù‹ÚÈ· Ù˘∞ı‹Ó·˜. ∆¤ÏÔ˜, ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÙËÓ Â˘Î·ÈÚ›· Ó· ·ÎÔ‡ÛÔ˘Ó ÙÈ˜Û˘˙ËÙ‹ÛÂȘ ÙˆÓ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ ∞ıËÓ·›ˆÓ appleÂÚÓÒÓÙ·˜ ·applefi ÙËÙÔ¿ ÙÔ˘ ∂˘Ì¤ÓÔ˘˜, fï˜ ÂΛÓÔ appleÔ˘ ı· ÙÔ˘˜ ηٷappleÏ‹ÍÂÈÌ ÙÔÓ appleÏÔ‡ÙÔ Ù˘ ÂÛˆÙÂÚÈ΋˜ ÙÔ˘ ‰È·ÎfiÛÌËÛ˘ Î·È ÙËÏ·ÌappleÚfiÙËÙ¿ ÙÔ˘, Â›Ó·È ÙÔ ø‰Â›Ô ÙÔ˘ ∏ÚÒ‰Ë ÙÔ˘ ∞ÙÙÈÎÔ‡.ªappleÔÚ› Ó· Û˘Ó‰˘·ÛÙ› Ì ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË Ù˘ «¿Ì ÛÙËÓ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË».10


¿Ì ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË∫·Ù¿ ÙË ‰È¿ÚÎÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜ Ù· apple·È‰È¿ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÙËÓ Â˘Î·ÈÚ›· Ó· ÁÓˆÚ›ÛÔ˘ÓÙËÓ ÙÔappleÔÁÚ·Ê›· ÙÔ˘ πÂÚÔ‡ µÚ¿¯Ô˘, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÙÔ Î¿ı ÌÓËÌÂ›Ô ¯ˆÚÈÛÙ¿, Ì ÙÔ˘˜Ì‡ıÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘, ÙËÓ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋ ηÈÙ· ÁÏ˘appleÙ¿ ÙÔ˘.Eapple›Û˘, ÛÙfi¯Ô˜ ÙÔ˘ appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜Â›Ó·È Ó· apple·Ú·ÎÔÏÔ˘ı‹ÛÔ˘Ó ÔÈ Ì·ıË-Ù¤˜ ÙËÓ ÈÛÙÔÚ›· ÙˆÓ ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓ ηÈÙÔÓ ÙÚfiappleÔ ·ÓÙÈÌÂÙÒappleÈÛ‹˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·applefiÙÔ˘˜ ·ÓıÚÒappleÔ˘˜ ÛÙÔ apple¤Ú·ÛÌ· ÙˆÓ·ÈÒÓˆÓ. TÔ appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ›ٷÈÌ ‚¿ÛË ‰‡Ô Ê˘ÏÏ¿‰È· appleÔ˘·apple¢ı‡ÓÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi Î·È ÛÙÔÓÌ·ıËÙ‹. TÔ ¤ÓÙ˘appleÔ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi,appleÂÚȤ¯ÂÈ appleÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÈÛÙÔÚ›· ÙÔ˘IÂÚÔ‡ BÚ¿¯Ô˘ Î·È ÙËÓ ÂͤÏÈÍË ÙÔ˘ ¯ÒÚÔ˘‰È·¯ÚÔÓÈο ·applefi ÙË ÓÂÔÏÈıÈ΋ ÂappleÔ¯‹ ¤ˆ˜Û‹ÌÂÚ·, Ì ¤ÌÊ·ÛË ÛÙËÓ ÎÏ·ÛÈ΋ appleÂÚ›Ô‰Ô.TÔ ¤ÓÙ˘appleÔ ÙÔ˘ Ì·ıËÙ‹ ¤¯ÂÈ ÙȘ ›‰È˜ ıÂÌ·ÙÈΤ˜ÂÓfiÙËÙ˜, fï˜ Ù· ΛÌÂÓ· Â›Ó·È Û˘ÓÙÔÌfiÙÂÚ· ÎÈ ·appleÏÔappleÔÈË̤ӷ.ªappleÔÚ› Ó· Û˘Ó‰˘·ÛÙ› Ì ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË Ù˘ ÌÔ˘ «¿Ì ÛÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË».11TAKTIKA PO°PAMMATA


TAKTIKA PO°PAMMATAMÈ· M¤Ú· ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË Ì ٷ K›ÌÂÓ·ÙÔ˘ ÏÔ‡Ù·Ú¯Ô˘ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ·˘Û·Ó›·OÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÂappleÈÛΤappleÙÔÓÙ·È ÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ıÒÓÙ·˜ ÙȘ appleÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜ appleÔ˘ apple·Ú¤¯Ô˘Ó Ù· ·Ú¯·›·Î›ÌÂÓ·. AÚ¯Èο ‰È·‚¿˙Ô˘Ó ·appleÔÛapple¿ÛÌ·Ù· ·applefi ÙÔ ·Ú¯·›Ô ΛÌÂÓÔ ÙÔ˘ ÏÔ‡Ù·Ú¯Ô˘ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ ‚›Ô ÙÔ˘ÂÚÈÎÏ‹, Ì·ı·›ÓÔ˘Ó ÙȘ ÂȉÈÎfiÙËÙ˜ ÙˆÓ Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓÒÓ ÙÔ˘ Ù¯ÓÈÙÒÓ appleÔ˘ ‰Ô‡Ï„·Óapple¿Óˆ ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË, ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ù· ˘ÏÈο appleÔ˘ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ‹ıËÎ·Ó ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Î·Ù·Û΢‹ÙˆÓ ·Á·ÏÌ¿ÙˆÓ Î·È ÙˆÓ ÎÙËÚ›ˆÓ. ÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· appleÂÚÈËÁÔ‡ÓÙ·È ÙÔÓ ·Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ¯ÒÚÔÎ·È Ì ‚¿ÛË Ù· ΛÌÂÓ· ÙÔ˘ ·˘Û·Ó›· appleÚÔÛapple·ıÔ‡Ó Ó· ÂÓÙÔapple›ÛÔ˘Ó ÙÈ ‰ÂÓ ‚ϤappleÔ˘Ó·applefi fiÛ· ÂΛÓÔ˜ appleÂÚȤÁÚ·„ ‹ ÙÈ ‚ϤappleÔ˘Ó appleÔ˘ Ô ›‰ÈÔ˜ ‰ÂÓ Â›‰Â. TÔ appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ·ÔÏÔÎÏËÚÒÓÂÙ·È Ì ÌÈ· ÛÂÈÚ¿ ·applefi ‰Ú·ÛÙËÚÈfiÙËÙ˜ appleÔ˘ ˘apple¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ÛÙÔ Û¯ÂÙÈÎfi ¤ÓÙ˘appleÔ.ªappleÔÚ› Ó· Û˘Ó‰˘·ÛÙ› Ì ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË Ù˘ «¿Ì ÛÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË».MÈ· M¤Ú· ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏËAÓ·˙ËÙÒÓÙ·˜ ÙË £Â¿ AıËÓ¿OÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ οÓÔ˘Ó Ì›· appleÂÚÈ‹ÁËÛË ÛÙÔÓ ·Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ¯ÒÚÔ Î·È Ì·ı·›ÓÔ˘ÓÙËÓ ÙÔappleÔÁÚ·Ê›· ÙˆÓ ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓ ÙÔ˘ IÂÚÔ‡ BÚ¿¯Ô˘ ̤۷ ·applefi Ì›· ·Ó·˙‹ÙËÛËÙˆÓ ·Á·ÏÌ¿ÙˆÓ Ù˘ ı¿˜ AıËÓ¿˜, Ë ÔappleÔ›· Ï·ÙÚ¢fiÙ·Ó ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏËÌ appleÔÏϤ˜ Î·È ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈΤ˜ ÌÔÚʤ˜. °ÓˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ó Ù· ÂappleÈ̤ÚÔ˘˜ ·Á¿ÏÌ·Ù·,Ù· ‰È¿ÊÔÚ· ˘ÏÈο ηٷÛ΢‹˜ ÙÔ˘˜, ÙȘ ‰È·ÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ, ÙË Û¯¤ÛË ÙÔ˘˜ Ì ÙÔ ÎÙ‹ÚÈÔÎ·È ÙÔÓ ¯ÒÚÔ. ·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· appleÂÚÈÁÚ¿ÊÔÓÙ·È ÔÈ È‰ÈfiÙËÙ˜ Ù˘ ı¿˜, Ù· ۇ̂ÔÏ¿ Ù˘,ÈÛÙÔڛ˜ ·applefi ÙË Ì˘ıÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ÙË Ï·ÙÚ›· Ù˘ ÛÙËÓ ·Ú¯·›· Aı‹Ó·. EappleÈÛΤappleÙÔÓÙ·ÈÙÔ MÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘, fiappleÔ˘ ·Ó·˙ËÙÔ‡Ó ·Á¿ÏÌ·Ù· Ù˘ ı¿˜ AıËÓ¿˜ ‚·ÛÈ-Ṳ̂ÓÔÈ ÛÙȘ ÁÓÒÛÂȘ appleÔ˘ ·apple¤ÎÙËÛ·Ó. T¤ÏÔ˜, ÙÔappleÔıÂÙÔ‡Ó ·˘ÙÔÎfiÏÏËÙ· Ì ٷ ‰È¿ÊÔÚ··Á¿ÏÌ·Ù· Ù˘ ı¿˜ Âapple¿Óˆ Û appleÚÔÔappleÙÈÎfi Û¯¤‰ÈÔ ÙÔ˘ ‚Ú¿¯Ô˘ Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘.ªappleÔÚ› Ó· Û˘Ó‰˘·ÛÙ› Ì ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË Ù˘ «¿Ì ÛÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË».12


MÈ· M¤Ú· Ì ÙË ZˆÊfiÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·√È Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÁÓˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ó Î·È ÌÂÏÂÙÔ‡Ó ÙË ZˆÊfiÚÔ, ÙÔ ÌÔÓ·‰ÈÎfi ·˘Ùfi ÁÏ˘appleÙÈÎfi Û‡ÓÔÏÔ Ù˘ ÎÏ·ÛÈ΋˜ÂappleÔ¯‹˜, Ì ı¤Ì· ÙËÓ appleÔÌapple‹ ÙˆÓ ·Ó·ıËÓ·›ˆÓ. ·Ú·ÙËÚÔ‡Ó Ù· ·ÓÙ›ÁÚ·Ê· ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÓfiÏÔ˘Ù˘ ZˆÊfiÚÔ˘ appleÔ˘ ÂÎÙ›ıÂÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ K¤ÓÙÚÔ MÂÏÂÙÒÓ Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ ηıÒ˜ Î·È ¤Ó·ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi appleÚfiappleÏ·ÛÌ· ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ· Û Îϛ̷η 1:20, Ì ̛· ʈÙÔ-ÁÚ·ÊÈ΋ ·Ó·Û‡ÓıÂÛË ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÓfiÏÔ˘ ÙˆÓ Ï›ıˆÓ Ù˘ZˆÊfiÚÔ˘ ÛÙË ı¤ÛË ÙÔ˘˜, Âapple¿Óˆ ÛÙÔ ÌÓËÌ›Ô.T¤ÛÛÂÚ· ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈο Ô‰ÔÈappleÔÚÈο ¤ÓÙ˘apple·Û˘ÓÔ‰Â‡Ô˘Ó ÙÔ appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ· appleÔ˘ ÔÏÔ-ÎÏËÚÒÓÂÙ·È ·applefi Ù¤ÛÛÂÚ· ·ÓÙ›ÛÙÔȯ·ÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ· ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙËÓ ËÏÈΛ·ÙˆÓ apple·È‰ÈÒÓ. ÙÔ appleÚÒÙÔ Ù· apple·È‰È¿Û˘Óı¤ÙÔ˘Ó ÙËÓ appleÔÌapple‹ ÙˆÓ ·Ó·-ıËÓ·›ˆÓ Î·È Ì ԉËÁfi ¤Ó· ÌÈÎÚfi·ÁfiÚÈ ‰È·ÎÚ›ÓÔ˘Ó Ù· ̤ÏË Ù˘ appleÔÌapple‹˜, ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜,ÙÔ˘˜ ¿Ú¯ÔÓÙ˜, ÙÔ˘˜ Ó¤Ô˘˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ Á¤ÚÔ˘˜, ηıÒ˜Î·È Ù· ˙Ò· appleÔ˘ appleÚÔÔÚ›˙ÔÓÙ·È ÁÈ· ÙȘ ı˘Û›Â˜. ÙÔ ‰Â‡ÙÂÚÔÔÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Û˘ÌÌÂÙ¤¯ÔÓÙ·˜ Û’ ¤Ó· ı·ÙÚÈÎfi apple·È¯Ó›‰È ·Ó·apple·ÚÈÛÙ¿ÓÔ˘Ó ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜ ·ÎÚÈ‚Ò˜fiappleˆ˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ›‰·Ó Âapple¿Óˆ ÛÙË ZˆÊfiÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·. ÙÔ ÙÚ›ÙÔ ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ó Ù· ·Ú¯·›·ÂÓ‰‡Ì·Ù· appleÔ˘ ÊÔÚÔ‡Ó ¿Ó‰Ú˜ Î·È Á˘Ó·›Î˜ ÛÙËÓ appleÔÌapple‹ ÙˆÓ ·Ó·ıËÓ·›ˆÓ Î·È ÛÙÔ Ù¤Ù·ÚÙÔapple·Ú·ÙËÚÔ‡Ó Î·È appleÂÚÈÁÚ¿ÊÔ˘Ó Ù· ¿ÏÔÁ· Ù˘ appleÔÌapple‹˜.ªappleÔÚ› Ó· Û˘Ó‰˘·ÛÙ› Ì ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË Ù˘ «∏ ∑ˆÊfiÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·».13TAKTIKA PO°PAMMATA


EKTAKTA PO°PAMMATA·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· Ì ٷ Ù·ÎÙÈο appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù·, οı ¯ÚfiÓÔ Á›ÓÔÓÙ·È ‰È¿ÊÔÚ· ¤ÎÙ·ÎÙ· appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· appleÔ˘Û˘Ó‹ıˆ˜ Û˘Ó‰˘¿˙ÔÓÙ·È Ì οappleÔÈ· Âapple¤ÙÂÈÔ ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ٷ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙÔȯ· ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓÙ· Ù˘ ÀappleËÚÂÛ›·˜,ÙȘ ÙÚ¤¯Ô˘Û˜ ÂÎı¤ÛÂȘ ‹ Ù· Û˘Ó¤‰ÚÈ·. °È· ÔÚÈṲ̂ӷ Ù˘appleÒıËÎ·Ó ÂȉÈο ¤ÓÙ˘apple· ‹ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ıËηÓ∂Îapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ› º¿ÎÂÏÏÔÈ appleÔ˘ ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó Ì¤ÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ‰·ÓÂÈÛÙÈÎÔ‡ ˘ÏÈÎÔ‡ ÙÔ˘ ∆Ô̤·. K¿appleÔÈ· ·applefi Ù·¤ÓÙ˘apple· ÂÓۈ̷ÙÒıËÎ·Ó ÛÙȘ ªÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜.Œ¯Ô˘Ó Á›ÓÂÈ appleÔÏÏ¿ Ù¤ÙÔÈ· appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù·. ∂‰Ò ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÔÓÙ·È Î¿appleÔÈ· ·applefi ·˘Ù¿.«TøN A£HNH£EN A£§øN»∆Ô appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ· ¤¯ÂÈ ˆ˜ ı¤Ì· ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÁÒÓ˜ ÙˆÓ ·Ó·ıËÓ·›ˆÓ.ª¤Û· ·applefi ·Ú¯·›· ·ÁÁ›· Î·È ÁÏ˘appleÙ¿ appleÂÚÈÁÚ¿ÊÔÓÙ·È ÔÈ ·ıÏËÙÈÎÔ› ηÈηÏÏÈÙ¯ÓÈÎÔ› ·ÁÒÓ˜ ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ë ÌÂÁ¿ÏË appleÔÌapple‹ appleÚÔ˜ ÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË.ÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· Û¯ÂÙÈο Ì ÙËÓ IÛÙÔÚ›·Ù˘ Aı‹Ó·˜ Î·È ÂȉÈο Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘∏ ∞ı‹Ó· ÛÙ· XÚfiÓÈ· ÙÔ˘ ∞‰ÚÈ·ÓÔ‡.√ ªÔÚÔ˙›ÓÈ, ÔÈ µÂÓÂÙÔ› Î·È Ë ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË.∞Úapple·Á‹ Î·È ¢È·ÛappleÔÚ¿ ÙˆÓ °Ï˘appleÙÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·.14


AÚ¯·›· Î·È NÂÔÎÏ·ÛÈο KÙ‹ÚÈ·ªÈ· ª¤Ú· ÛÙË ¡ÂÔÎÏ·ÛÈ΋ ∞ı‹Ó·, ÛÙÔ ÔÏÈÙÈÛÙÈÎfi ∫¤ÓÙÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ¢‹ÌÔ˘ ∞ıËÓ·›ˆÓ.ªÈ· ª¤Ú· ÛÙËÓ OÈΛ· ·ÚÈapplefiÏÔ˘, ÛÙÔ ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ∫˘ÎÏ·‰È΋˜ ∆¤¯Ó˘.∞Ú¯·›Â˜ ∫ÂÚ·ÌÒÛÂȘ Î·È ∞ÎÚÔΤڷ̷, ÛÙËÓ appleÂÚÈÔ‰È΋ ¤ÎıÂÛË«∫ÂÚ·ÌÒÛÂȘ ·applefi ÙËÓ ∞ıËÓ·˚΋ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË», ÛÙÔ ∫ª∞.ÂÚ›apple·ÙÔÈ ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˪ȷ ª¤Ú· ÛÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË AÓ·ÛÙËÏÒÓÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ ∂Ú¤¯ıÂÈÔ.ªÈ· ª¤Ú· ÛÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË ºˆÙÔÁÚ·Ê›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ Ù· MÓËÌ›·.ªÈ· ª¤Ú· ÛÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË AÓ·˙ËÙÒÓÙ·˜ AÓ·ı‹Ì·Ù·.ªÈ· ª¤Ú· ÛÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË AÓ·˙ËÙÒÓÙ·˜ ZÒ·.ªÓËÌ›· Î·È º˘ÛÈÎfi ÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓ.AÚ¯·›· ÚfiÙ˘apple· Î·È BÈÔÌ˯·ÓÈÎfi˜ ¯Â‰È·ÛÌfi˜¯Â‰È¿˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ ¡¤Ô ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô Ù˘ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ (ۯ‰ȿ˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙȘ ·›ıÔ˘Û˜ ÙÔ˘ ªÔ˘Û›Ԣ, ÙËÓ apple·ÚÔ˘Û›·ÛËÙˆÓ ÂÎıÂÌ¿ÙˆÓ, Ù· appleÚÔ˚fiÓÙ· ÁÈ· ÙÔ appleˆÏËÙ‹ÚÈÔ).¯Â‰È¿˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ¢È·ÊËÌ›ÛÂȘ & §ÔÁfiÙ˘apple·.¯Â‰È¿˙ÔÓÙ·˜ BÈ‚Ï›· ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ AÚ¯·›Ô˘˜ £ÂÔ‡˜, ÛÙË ÙÔ¿ ÙÔ˘µÈ‚Ï›Ô˘. ( ÌÔ «¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ»)15EKTAKTA PO°PAMMATA


E K ¢ O E I OÈ ÂΉfiÛÂȘ ÙÔ˘ TÔ̤· ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÔÓÙ·È Û 20 ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈο ı¤Ì·Ù· Î·È Û˘ÓÔÏÈο ¤¯Ô˘Ó ΢ÎÏÔ-ÊÔÚ‹ÛÂÈ Û appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚ· ·applefi 250.000 ·ÓÙ›Ù˘apple· Û ÂÏÏËÓÈ΋ Î·È ·ÁÁÏÈ΋ ÁÏÒÛÛ·. ÚfiÎÂÈÙ·ÈÁÈ· ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈο ¤ÓÙ˘apple·-Ô‰ÔÈappleÔÚÈο appleÔ˘ Û˘ÓÔ‰Â‡Ô˘Ó Ù· appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù·, ‚È‚Ï›·, ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘-ÙÈΤ˜ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜, ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ʷΤÏÏÔ˘˜, Ù·Èӛ˜, Cd-Rom, ·Ê›Û˜ Î·È apple·È¯Ó›‰È·.Ùfi¯Ô˜ ÙÔ˘ ˘ÏÈÎÔ‡ Â›Ó·È Ó· ‚ÔËı‹ÛÂÈ ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ Ó· appleÚÔÂÙÔÈÌ·ÛÙÔ‡Ó Î·Ï‡ÙÂÚ·ÙfiÛÔ ÁÈ· ÙÔ Ì¿ıËÌ· ÛÙÔ Û¯ÔÏ›Ô, fiÛÔ Î·È ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Âapple›ÛÎÂ„Ë Ù˘ Ù¿Í˘ ÛÙÔÓ ·Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi¯ÒÚÔ Î·È ÙÔ ÌÔ˘Û›Ô.•Â¯ˆÚÈÛÙ‹ ̤ÚÈÌÓ· ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Î·Ï‡ÙÂÚË appleÔÈfiÙËÙ· ÙÔ˘ οı ÂÓÙ‡appleÔ˘, ÙËÓ ÂappleÈÛÙËÌÔ-ÓÈ΋ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚÙÈfiÙËÙ·, ÙË ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚË ‰˘Ó·Ù‹ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈ΋ ÙÔ˘ ‰È¿ÛÙ·ÛË ·ÏÏ¿ apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ·Î·È ÙËÓ ·ÈÛıËÙÈ΋ ÙÔ˘. ∫·ıÒ˜ ÔÈ ·ÚÈıÌÔ› ÙˆÓ ÂӉȷÊÂÚÔÌ¤ÓˆÓ ·applefi ÙÔÓ ¯ÒÚÔ Ù˘ ÂÎapple·›-‰Â˘Û˘ Â›Ó·È appleÔχ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔÈ, ¤¯ÂÈ ·appleÔ‰Âȯı› fiÙÈ Ù· ¤ÓÙ˘apple· Â›Ó·È appleÔχ ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈο, ‰ÈfiÙȉ›ÓÔÓÙ·È Û appleÔχ appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔ˘˜ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ Î·È Ì·ıËÙ¤˜. ª¤Û· ·applefi ·˘Ù‹ ÙË ‰È¿¯˘ÛËÙÔ˘ ˘ÏÈÎÔ‡ ÂappleÈÙ˘Á¯¿ÓÂÙ·È Ì›· ηχÙÂÚË Î·È appleÈÔ ÂappleÈÛÙËÌÔÓÈ΋ appleÚÔÛ¤ÁÁÈÛË ÙÔ˘ ÙÂÚ¿ÛÙÈÔ˘ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡ ‰˘Ó·ÌÈÎÔ‡ Ù˘ AıËÓ·˚΋˜ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ Î·È Ù˘ ÂappleÔ¯‹˜ appleÔ˘ Û˘Ì‚ÔÏ›˙ÂÈ.I‰È·›ÙÂÚË ‚·Ú‡ÙËÙ· ‰›ÓÂÙ·È ÛÙËÓ apple·ÚÔ¯‹ ˘ÏÈÎÔ‡ Û ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ÊÔÚ›˜. K¿ı ۯÔÏ›Ô,apple¿ÓÙÔÙ ÌÂÙ¿ ·applefi ·›ÙËÛË, apple·›ÚÓÂÈ ÁÈ· ÙË ‚È‚ÏÈÔı‹ÎË ÙÔ˘ ¤Ó·Ó Ê¿ÎÂÏÏÔ Ì ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi˘ÏÈÎfi Î·È ·Ê›Û˜, appleÔ˘ ÙÔ ‚ÔËıÔ‡Ó Ó· Û˘Ó¯›ÛÂÈ ÙËÓ Âapple·Ê‹ ÙÔ˘ Ì ٷ ÌÓËÌ›· ̤۷ÛÙËÓ Ù¿ÍË.17


M¤Û· ÛÙ· ¯ÚfiÓÈ· ¤ÁÈÓ ʷÓÂÚfi fiÙÈ apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· Ì ÙËÓ appleÚÔÂÙÔÈÌ·Û›· ÙÔ˘ οı ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎԇ̤ۈ Ù˘ apple·ÚÔ¯‹˜ ˘ÏÈÎÔ‡, ÙˆÓ ÛÂÌÈÓ·Ú›ˆÓ Î·È ÙˆÓ ÂȉÈÎÒÓ Û˘Ó‰ڛˆÓ appleÔ˘ ‰ÈÔÚÁ·ÓÒÓÔÓÙ·È,Ì›· ¿ÏÏË ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ· ·ÓÙ·applefiÎÚÈÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ∆Ô̤· ÛÙÔÓ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ ·ÚÈıÌfi ·ÈÙ‹ÛÂˆÓ ÁÈ· Û˘ÌÌÂÙÔ¯‹ ÛÂappleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· Â›Ó·È Ë Âapple¤ÎÙ·ÛË ÙÔ˘ ∆Ì‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ¢·ÓÂÈÛÌÔ‡, ÙÔ ÔappleÔ›Ô ·Ó·appleÙ‡ÛÛÂÙ·È Û˘Ó¯Ҙ ηȂ·Û›˙ÂÙ·È Î˘Ú›ˆ˜ Û ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈΤ˜ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜.OÈ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜ ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó ¤Ó· appleÔχappleÏ¢ÚÔ ÂappleÔappleÙÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfi. K¿ı ̛· appleÂÚȤ¯ÂÈ ‚È‚Ï›·,‰È·Ê¿ÓÂȘ, apple·È¯Ó›‰È·, appleÚÔappleÏ¿ÛÌ·Ù· ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓ ÎÈ ·ÓÙ›ÁÚ·Ê· ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ ·ÓÙÈÎÂÈ̤ӈÓ, Ù· ÔappleÔ›· ˆ˜Û‡ÓÔÏÔ ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó ¤Ó· ÂȉÈο ۯ‰ȷṲ̂ÓÔ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfi ÂÓ·ÏÏ·ÎÙÈ΋˜ ‰È‰·Ûηϛ·˜ ÛÙËÓÙ¿ÍË ‹ Û οappleÔÈÔÓ ¿ÏÏÔ ¯ÒÚÔ appleÔÏÈÙÈÛÌÈ΋˜ ·Ó·ÊÔÚ¿˜. TÔ ·Ú¯¤Ù˘appleÔ ÙÔ˘ ÎÏÂÈÛÙÔ‡ ÎÔ˘ÙÈÔ‡ÁÂÌ¿ÙÔ˘ Ì ‰ÒÚ· Û˘Ó‰˘¿˙ÂÙ·È Ì ÙȘ Ӥ˜ Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›Â˜, ÙÔ Î›ÌÂÓÔ Û˘Ó‰˘¿˙ÂÙ·È Ì ÙËÓ ÂÈÎfiÓ· ηÈÙÔ ·ÓÙÈΛÌÂÓÔ, ¤ÙÛÈ ÒÛÙÂ Ë Ì¿ıËÛË Ó· Á›ÓÂÙ·È ¤Ó· ÁÔËÙ¢ÙÈÎfi apple·È¯Ó›‰È.OÈ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ∆Ô̤·, ·Ó Î·È Â›Ó·È ıÂÌ·ÙÈο ·ÓÂÍ¿ÚÙËÙ˜, ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ·appleÔÙÂϤÛÔ˘Ó ÎȤӷ Û‡ÓÔÏÔ, ̤۷ ·applefi ÙÔ ÔappleÔ›Ô appleÚÔÛÂÁÁ›˙ÂÙ·È Ì Ӥ· ̤۷ Ô appleÔÏÈÙÈÛÌfi˜ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ EÏÏ¿‰·˜.ªappleÚÔÛÙ¿ ÛÙ· Ì¿ÙÈ· ÙˆÓ Ì·ıËÙÒÓ ˙ˆÓÙ·Ó‡ÂÈ ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘Ê· Ë ÂÈÎfiÓ· ÂÓfi˜ Ï·ÌappleÚÔ‡ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘ IÂÚÔ‡( «¿Ì ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË»), fiappleÔ˘ Ï·ÙÚ‡ÔÓÙ·Ó ÔÈ ıÂÔ› ( «TÔ ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ»), ̤۷ Û ÌÂÁ·ÏÔappleÚÂapple›˜Ó·Ô‡˜ ( «ŒÓ·˜ AÚ¯·›Ô˜ N·fi˜») ¯ÙÈṲ̂ÓÔ˘˜ ·applefi Ì¿ÚÌ·ÚÔ ( «§ÈıÔÍÔ˚΋»), ÛÙÔÏÈṲ̂ÓÔ˘˜Ì ÁÏ˘appleÙ¿ ÌÔÓ·‰È΋˜ Ù¤¯Ó˘ ( «H ZˆÊfiÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·»). ÚÔÛ΢ÓËÙ¤˜ ÓÙ˘Ì¤ÓÔÈ Ì ˘apple¤ÚÔ¯·ÚÔ‡¯· ( «∞Ú¯·›· ∂ÏÏËÓÈ΋ ∂Ó‰˘Ì·Û›·») Û˘ÌÌÂÙ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÛÙȘ ÁÈÔÚÙ¤˜, Ì ÙË ÌÔ˘ÛÈ΋ apple·ÓÙ·¯Ô‡apple·ÚÔ‡Û· ( «∞Ú¯·›· ∂ÏÏËÓÈο ªÔ˘ÛÈο ŸÚÁ·Ó·»). O ÎfiÛÌÔ˜ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·˜ appleÚÔÛÂÁÁ›˙ÂÙ·È ¤ÙÛÈ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ì ¢¯¿ÚÈÛÙÔ Î·È ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÈÎfi ÙÚfiappleÔ. ·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÙ·È Ë Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓËÂappleÈÛÙËÌÔÓÈ΋ ¤Ú¢ӷ Î·È ÙÔ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ Ù¯ÓÈÎfi ¤ÚÁÔ appleÔ˘ Û˘ÓÙÂÏÂ›Ù·È Û‹ÌÂÚ· ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË( «AÓ·ÛÙËÏÒÓÔÓÙ·˜ Ù· MÓËÌ›· Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘»)MOYEIOKEYE21


MOYEIOKEYE¿Ì ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏËH ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ «¿Ì ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË» ¤¯ÂȈ˜ ÛÙfi¯Ô Ó· ‚ÔËı‹ÛÂÈ ÙÔÓ Ì·ıËÙ‹ Ó· ·ÎÔ-ÏÔ˘ı‹ÛÂÈ ¤Ó· Ô‰ÔÈappleÔÚÈÎfi ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏËÎ·È Ó· ·Ó·apple·Ú·ÛÙ‹ÛÂÈ Ì ÙË Ê·ÓÙ·Û›· ÙÔ˘ÙÔ Ï·ÌappleÚfi IÂÚfi, fiappleÔ˘ ÔÈ AıËÓ·›ÔÈ Ï¿ÙÚ¢·ÓÙËÓ appleÚÔÛÙ¿Ùȉ· ı¿ ÙÔ˘˜.ÂÚȤ¯ÂÈ ¤Ó· appleÚfiappleÏ·ÛÌ· ÙÔ˘ ‚Ú¿¯Ô˘ Ù˘AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ Î·È ÙˆÓ ÎÙËÚ›ˆÓ ÙÔ˘ IÂÚÔ‡ ÛÂÎϛ̷η 1:800, Ù· ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈο ¤ÓÙ˘apple· «¿ÌÂÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË» Î·È «¿Ì ÛÙÔÓ ÂÚ›apple·ÙÔÙ˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘» ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ù¤ÛÛÂÚȘ ·Ê›Û˜appleÔ˘ ‰Â›¯ÓÔ˘Ó ÙËÓ ÂͤÏÈÍË ÙÔ˘ IÂÚÔ‡ BÚ¿¯Ô˘·applefi ÙËÓ appleÚÔ˚ÛÙÔÚÈ΋ ÂappleÔ¯‹ ¤ˆ˜ Û‹ÌÂÚ·.√ Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ apple·Ú·ÙËÚ› Î·È ÙÔappleÔıÂÙ› Ù·ÎÙ‹ÚÈ· ÛÙÔÓ ‚Ú¿¯Ô, Ù· Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÈ, ÌÂÏÂÙ¿ÙȘ ‰È·ÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ ÙÔ˘˜, ÙȘ ·Ó·ÏÔÁ›Â˜ ÙˆÓfiÁΈÓ, ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ οı ÎÙËÚ›Ô˘,ÙÔÓ appleÚÔÛ·Ó·ÙÔÏÈÛÌfi ηÈÙËÓ ·ÎÚÈ‚‹ ÙÔ˘ ı¤ÛËÛÙÔÓ BÚ¿¯Ô.22


ŒÓ·˜ AÚ¯·›Ô˜ N·fi˜H EÏÏ¿‰· Û‹ÌÂÚ· Â›Ó·È Ì›· ¯ÒÚ· ÁÂÌ¿ÙË ·applefi ÌÓËÌ›· Ì ÌÔÚʤ˜ Ù˘ ÎÏ·ÛÈ΋˜·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋˜. ·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ·, Û οı applefiÏË ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Î¿appleÔÈÔ ÓÂÔÎÏ·ÛÈÎfi ÎÙ‹ÚÈÔ, fiappleÔ˘·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ì ٷ ›‰È· ÛÙÔȯ›· ÙÔ˘ ‰ˆÚÈÎÔ‡, ȈÓÈÎÔ‡ Î·È ÎÔÚÈÓıÈ·ÎÔ‡ Ú˘ıÌÔ‡.H ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ «ŒÓ·˜ AÚ¯·›Ô˜ N·fi˜» ‚ÔËı¿ÂÈ ÙÔÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi Î·È ÙÔÓ Ì·ıËÙ‹Ó· ÌÂÏÂÙ‹ÛÔ˘Ó Î·È Ó· ηٷÓÔ‹ÛÔ˘Ó ÙËÓ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈÎ‹ÙˆÓ Ó·ÒÓ, Ì ¤Ó·Ó ÙÚfiappleÔ Â˘¯¿ÚÈÛÙÔ Î·È ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÈÎfi.ÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ ¤Ó· appleÚfiappleÏ·ÛÌ· ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ· ÛÂÎϛ̷η 1:800, ÙÚ›· ÌÈÎÚ¿ ·ÓÙ›ÁÚ·Ê· ÎÈfiÓˆÓ, ÂÓfi˜‰ˆÚÈÎÔ‡, ÂÓfi˜ ȈÓÈÎÔ‡ Î·È ÂÓfi˜ ÎÔÚÈÓıÈ·ÎÔ‡, ‰Âη¤ÍÈÛÊÚ·Á›‰Â˜ Ì ÙȘ Ôappleԛ˜ ÔÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó·apple·›ÍÔ˘Ó Û˘Óı¤ÙÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ÙÚÂȘ Ú˘ıÌÔ‡˜ ηÈappleÏ·ÛÙÈΤ˜ Ì‹ÙÚ˜ ȈÓÈÎÒÓ Î·È Ï¤Û‚ÈˆÓ Î˘Ì·Ù›ˆÓ.ªÂ ÙË ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ· ÂÓfi˜ ‚È‚Ï›Ô˘ appleÔ˘ appleÂÚÈÁÚ¿ÊÂÈÙÔ˘˜ ·Ú¯·›Ô˘˜ Ó·Ô‡˜, ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË Î·ÈÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘˜, ÙË ÌÔÚÊÔÏÔÁ›·, ÙÔÓÁÏ˘appleÙfi Î·È ÁÚ·appleÙfi ÙÔ˘˜ ‰È¿ÎÔÛÌÔ, ηıÒ˜Î·È ÙËÓ Î·Ù·Û΢‹ ÙÔ˘˜, Ù· apple·È‰È¿ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ÌÂÏÂÙ‹ÛÔ˘Ó ·Ú¯·›· ηÈÓÂÔÎÏ·ÛÈο ÎÙ‹ÚÈ·. ∆Ô ‚È‚Ï›Ô Û˘Óԉ‡ÂÙ·È·applefi Û¯¤‰È· Î·È ‰Âη¤ÍÈ Î·ÚÙ¤ÏϘ ÌÂʈÙÔÁڷʛ˜ ÙˆÓ appleÈÔ ÁÓˆÛÙÒÓ Ó·ÒÓ appleÔ˘ÛÒ˙ÔÓÙ·È Û ηϋ ηٿÛÙ·ÛË Û fiÏË ÙËÓ EÏÏ¿‰·.MOYEIOKEYE23


MOYEIOKEYE§ÈıÔÍÔ˚΋H AÎÚfiappleÔÏË Û‹ÌÂÚ· apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÈ Ì›· apple·ÚfiÌÔÈ· ÂÈÎfiÓ· Ì ÂΛÓË Ù˘ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·˜, fiÙ·Ó¯Ù›˙ÔÓÙ·Ó Ù· ÌÓËÌ›·. O appleÈÔ Û˘Ó‹ı˘ ‹¯Ô˜ appleÔ˘ ·ÎÔ‡ÂÈ ÙÒÚ·, fiappleˆ˜ Î·È ÙfiÙÂ, Ô ÂappleÈÛΤappleÙË˜Â›Ó·È ·˘Ùfi˜ appleÔ˘ οÓÔ˘Ó Ù· ÂÚÁ·Ï›· fiÙ·ÓÏ·ÍÂ‡Ô˘Ó ÙÔ Ì¿ÚÌ·ÚÔ. ∏ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ appleÂÚȤ¯ÂȤӷ ÎÔÌÌ¿ÙÈ Ì¿ÚÌ·ÚÔ, ÛÙÔ ÔappleÔ›Ô ‰È·ÎÚ›ÓÔÓٷȉȷ‰Ô¯Èο ›¯ÓË ÂÚÁ·Ï›ˆÓ appleÔ˘ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÔ‡Û·ÓÔÈ ·Ú¯·›ÔÈ ŒÏÏËÓ˜ Ù¯ӛÙ˜. ÂÚȤ¯ÂÈ Âapple›Û˘̷ÓÙڷο‰Â˜ Î·È ÌÈ· ÛÂÈÚ¿ ÂÚÁ·Ï›ˆÓ, fiÌÔÈˆÓ ÌÂÙ· ·Ú¯·›·, Û ·ÓÙÈÛÙÔȯ›· Ì ٷ ›¯ÓË ÙÔ˘˜ apple¿ÓˆÛÙÔ Ì¿ÚÌ·ÚÔ. ∆Ô ˘ÏÈÎfi ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfiappleÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ Î›ÌÂÓ·, Û¯¤‰È·,Ù·Èӛ˜, ʈÙÔÁڷʛ˜ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓÏ·ÙÔÌ›ˆÓ Î·È ·Ê›Û· Ì ÙÔ˘˜‰È¿ÊÔÚÔ˘˜ Ù‡appleÔ˘˜ Ì·ÚÌ¿ÚˆÓÙ˘ ∂ÏÏ¿‰·˜.Ùfi¯Ô˜ Ù˘ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜·˘Ù‹˜ Â›Ó·È ÔÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ó· ‰ÔÎÈ-Ì¿ÛÔ˘Ó Ó· Ϸ͇ÛÔ˘Ó Ï›ıÔ˘˜Î·È Ì¿ÚÌ·Ú· Î·È Ó· ¤¯Ô˘Ó ¤ÙÛÈÙË ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ· Ó· ÁÓˆÚ›ÛÔ˘Ó ÙȘ ‰˘ÛÎÔϛ˜ ÙˆÓ ˘ÏÈÎÒÓ. ∂apple›Û˘ Ó·apple·Ú·ÙËÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ó Ù· ›¯ÓË ÙˆÓ ‰È·ÊfiÚˆÓ ÂÚÁ·Ï›ˆÓ Î·È Ó· Ì¿ıÔ˘ÓÓ· Ù· ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ó Âapple¿Óˆ Û ÂappleÈÊ¿ÓÂȘ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ Î·È ÓÂfiÙÂÚˆÓÎÙËÚ›ˆÓ Î·È ÁÏ˘appleÙÒÓ.24


AÓ·ÛÙËÏÒÓÔÓÙ·˜ Ù· MÓËÌ›· Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleoÏ˘ÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÂ›Ù·È ¤Ó· ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ Ù¯ÓÈÎfi ¤ÚÁÔ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È Ì›· ÂÎÙÂٷ̤ÓË ÂappleÈÛÙËÌÔÓÈ΋¤Ú¢ӷ ÁÈ· ÙË Û˘ÓÙ‹ÚËÛË Î·È ÙËÓ ·appleÔηٿÛÙ·ÛË ÙˆÓ ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓ. ∏ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ ·˘Ù‹ apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÈÙȘ ·Ó·ÛÙËψÙÈΤ˜ ÂÚÁ·Û›Â˜ ÛÙ· ÌÓËÌ›· Ì ÙË ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ· Ì›·˜ ʈÙÔÁÚ·ÊÈ΋˜ ¤ÎıÂÛ˘, ÂȉÈÎÒÓ ‚È‚Ï›ˆÓÎ·È Ù·ÈÓÈÒÓ. ª¤Û· ·applefi ʈÙÔÁڷʛ˜ ÙÔ˘ . ª·˘ÚÔÌÌ¿ÙË ÂappleȯÂÈÚÂ›Ù·È Ì ·ÊËÁËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÙÚfiappleÔ ¤Ó·Ô‰ÔÈappleÔÚÈÎfi ÛÙȘ ÂÚÁ·Û›Â˜ appleÔ˘ ÂÎÙÂÏÔ‡ÓÙ·È Âapple¿Óˆ ÛÙÔÓ‚Ú¿¯Ô Ù˘ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘. ÙÔ ‚È‚Ï›Ô «ºˆÙÔÁڷʛ˜ ·applefi Ù·ŒÚÁ· ÛÙËÓ ∞ıËÓ·˚΋ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË» appleÔ˘ Û˘Óԉ‡ÂÈ ÙËÓ¤ÎıÂÛË apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÔÓÙ·È ÊˆÙÔÁÚ·ÊÈο Ù· ·›ÙÈ· appleÔ˘appleÚÔοÏÂÛ·Ó ÙËÓ Âapple¤Ì‚·ÛË, Ë appleÚÔÂÙÔÈÌ·Û›· Î·È Ë ÂÚÁÔ-Ù·Íȷ΋ ˘appleÔ‰ÔÌ‹ ÙˆÓ ¤ÚÁˆÓ ηıÒ˜ Î·È ÔÈ Î˘ÚÈfiÙÂÚ˜ÂÚÁ·Û›Â˜ ÛÙ· ÌÓËÌ›·.∏ ıˆڛ· apple›Ûˆ ·applefi ÙËÓ appleÚ¿ÍË, Ë ‰ÈÂıÓ‹˜ ‰ÂÔÓÙÔÏÔÁ›·,ÔÈ ·Ú¯¤˜ Î·È ÔÈ Ì¤ıÔ‰ÔÈ appleÔ˘ ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ıÔ‡ÓÙ·È Î·Ù¿ ÙËÓÂapple¤Ì‚·ÛË appleÂÚÈÁÚ¿ÊÔÓÙ·È Û˘ÓÔappleÙÈο ÛÙÔ ‚È‚Ï›Ô «∆· ŒÚÁ·Ù˘ ∂ª∞ ÛÙËÓ ∞ıËÓ·˚΋ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË» ÙˆÓ Ã. ªappleÔ‡Ú·,∫. ∑¿Ìapple· Î·È . ª·˘ÚÔÌÌ¿ÙË. ª›· ÛÂÈÚ¿ Ù·ÈÓÈÒÓ ÙˆÓ¢. µÂÚÓ›ÎÔ˘, ∫. µÚÂÙÙ¿ÎÔ˘, ∞. ¢Ú·ÎÔappleÔ‡ÏÔ˘, . ª·˘ÚÔÌ-Ì¿ÙË Î·È ª. ·Ú¿Û¯Ë ÁÈ· Ù· ¤ÚÁ· appleÔ˘ appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈÔ‡ÓÙ·ÈÛÙÔÓ πÂÚfi µÚ¿¯Ô ‰›ÓÔ˘Ó ÙËÓ Â˘Î·ÈÚ›· ÁÈ· ÙË ‰ÈÔÚÁ¿ÓˆÛËÂÓfi˜ ÎÈÓËÌ·ÙÔÁÚ·ÊÈÎÔ‡ ÊÂÛÙÈ‚¿Ï ÛÙÔ Û¯ÔÏ›Ô.∆Ô ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfi Ù˘ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜ ÔÏÔÎÏËÚÒÓÂÙ·È ·applefi ηÚÙ¤ÏϘ Ì appleÚÔÙ¿ÛÂȘ ÁÈ·‰È·ıÂÌ·ÙÈΤ˜ appleÚÔÛÂÁÁ›ÛÂȘ ÙˆÓ ·Ó·ÛÙËψÙÈÎÒÓ ¤ÚÁˆÓ ̤۷ ·applefi appleÔÏÏ¿ Ì·ı‹Ì·Ù· ÙÔ˘ ·Ó·Ï˘ÙÈÎÔ‡appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜, ·applefi ‰È¿ÊÔÚ˜ ÌÔÚʤ˜ Ù¤¯Ó˘, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ·applefi Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓ· Âapple·ÁÁ¤ÏÌ·Ù·.MOYEIOKEYE25


TÔ ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ√È ·Ú¯·›ÔÈ ıÂÔ› ·ÓÙÈappleÚÔÛˆappleÂ‡Ô˘Ó apple·Ó·ÓıÚÒappleÈÓ˜ ·Í›Â˜ Î·È Û‡Ì‚ÔÏ· Î·È ÔÈ Ì‡ıÔÈ ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÓ¤appleÓÂ˘Û·ÓÎ·È ÙÚÔÊÔ‰fiÙËÛ·Ó Ì ı¤Ì·Ù· ÁÈ· ¯ÈÏÈ¿‰Â˜ ¯ÚfiÓÈ· appleÔÈËÙ¤˜, ÏÔÁÔÙ¤¯Ó˜, ÌÔ˘ÛÈÎÔ‡˜,˙ˆÁÚ¿ÊÔ˘˜, ÁχappleÙÂ˜Ø Ì ̛· ϤÍË ÙÔÓ appleÔÏÈÙÈÛÌfi. ªÂ Âapple›ÎÂÓÙÚÔ ÙËÓ ·appleÂÈÎfiÓÈÛË ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓÙÔ˘ √χÌappleÔ˘ ÛÙË ZˆÊfiÚÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·, Ë ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ appleÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ ¤Ó· ‚È‚Ï›Ô –ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ÛÙË ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹, ¤Ó·Ó Ê¿ÎÂÏÏÔ Ì ‰Ò‰Âη ¤ÓÙ˘apple·, ¤Ó· ÁÈ· οı ıÂfi, ¤Ó·Ó Ê¿ÎÂÏÏÔ Ì¤Á¯ÚˆÌ˜ ηÚÙ¤ÏϘ appleÔ˘ ·appleÂÈÎÔÓ›˙Ô˘Ó Ì‡ıÔ˘˜ ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ÁÈ· οı ıÂfi Î·È apple·È¯Ó›‰È· ÁÈ·ÙÔ ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ. °È· οı ıÂfi ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Ì›· Û‡ÓÙÔÌË appleÂÚÈÁÚ·Ê‹, ÔÈ È‰ÈfiÙËÙ¤˜ ÙÔ˘, ÔÈ Û¯ÂÙÈÎÔ› Ì ÙËÏ·ÙÚ›· ÙÔ˘ ̇ıÔÈ, ÔÈ Î˘ÚÈfiÙÂÚ˜ ÂappleˆÓ˘Ì›Â˜ ÙÔ˘, Ù· ΢ÚÈfiÙÂÚ· ÈÂÚ¿ Î·È Û‡Ì‚ÔÏ¿ ÙÔ˘, Ù· ·ÊÈÂ-ڈ̤ӷ Û ·˘ÙfiÓ Ê˘Ù¿ Î·È ˙Ò·. √È appleÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ ıÂfi ÂÈÎÔÓÔÁÚ·ÊÔ‡ÓÙ·È Ì ÌÈ·¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈ΋ ÎÂÊ·Ï‹, ¤Ó· ÁÏ˘appleÙfi, ¤Ó· ·ÁÁ›Ô, ¤Ó· ÓfiÌÈÛÌ·, ¤Ó·Ó Ó·fi ·ÊÈÂڈ̤ÓÔ Û ·˘ÙfiÓ,ηıÒ˜ Î·È ¤Ó· ¤ÚÁÔ Ù¤¯Ó˘ ·applefi ÙËÓ ∞Ó·Á¤ÓÓËÛË Ì¤¯ÚÈ Û‹ÌÂÚ·. ∆Ë ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ Û˘Óԉ‡ԢÓηÚÙ¤ÏϘ Ì ÁÚ·ÌÌ·ÙfiÛËÌ· ηÈÓÔÌ›ÛÌ·Ù· Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ıÂÔ‡˜.√È Ì‡ıÔÈ Î·È Ù· ۇ̂ÔÏ· ÙˆÓıÂÒÓ apple·Ú·apple¤ÌappleÔ˘Ó ÛÙÔ apple·È¯Ó›‰È«ªÈ· ÊÔÚ¿ Î·È ¤Ó·Ó ηÈÚfi…»,fiappleÔ˘ ÔÈ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ ÊÙÈ¿¯ÓÔ˘ÓÈÛÙÔڛ˜ Ì ·˘ÙÔÎfiÏÏËÙ·. √È ÂappleˆÓ˘Ì›Â˜ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ apple·Ú·apple¤ÌappleÔ˘Ó Û appleÚÔÙ¿ÛÂȘ ÁÈ· ÙÔ Ì¿ıËÌ·Ù˘ ÁÏÒÛÛ·˜. ∆· πÂÚ¿ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ apple·Ú·apple¤ÌappleÔ˘Ó Û apple·È¯Ó›‰È ÁˆÁÚ·Ê›·˜ Ì ̷ÁÓ‹Ù˜.H ÂÈÎÔÓÔÁÚ¿ÊËÛË ÙˆÓ ÂÓÙ‡appleˆÓ Ì ÙȘ ÁÓˆÛÙfiÙÂÚ˜ ·appleÂÈÎÔÓ›ÛÂȘ ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ Î·È apple·Ú¿ÏÏËϷ̇ıÔÈ Î·È Û‡Ì‚ÔÏ· ÙˆÓ ıÂÒÓ Û˘Ó‰¤ÔÓÙ·È fiÏ· Ì·˙› ̤۷ ·applefi ÙÔ apple·È¯Ó›‰È «ÔÈÔ˜ Â›Ó·È appleÔÈÔ˜ÛÙÔÓ ŸÏ˘ÌappleÔ». ªÈ· ηÚÙ¤ÏÏ·-apple·È¯Ó›‰È Ì ‰Ò‰Âη ÊÈÁÔ‡Ú˜-ıÂÔ‡˜ ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈÎÒÓ ¯ÚˆÌ¿ÙˆÓappleÚÔÙÚ¤appleÂÈ ÙÔ apple·È‰› Ó· ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÂÈ ÙÔ˘˜ ‰ÈÎÔ‡˜ ÙÔ˘ ıÂÔ‡˜, Ó· ‰È·Ï¤ÍÂÈ appleÔÈÔ ¯ÚÒÌ· ÂÎÊÚ¿-˙ÂÈ Î·Ï‡ÙÂÚ· ÙÔÓ Î¿ı ¤Ó·Ó, Ó· ˙ˆÁÚ·Ê›ÛÂÈ Ù· ¯·Ú·ÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈο ÙÔ˘ Î·È Ó· appleÚÔÛı¤ÛÂÈÙ· ۇ̂ÔÏ¿ ÙÔ˘.MOYEIOKEYE27


MOYEIOKEYEAÚ¯·›· EÏÏËÓÈ΋ EÓ‰˘Ì·Û›·∏ ·Ú¯·›· ÂÏÏËÓÈ΋ ÂÓ‰˘Ì·Û›· Â›Ó·È ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ì›· appleÔχ ÁÔËÙ¢ÙÈ΋ appleÙ˘¯‹Ù˘ ηıËÌÂÚÈÓ‹˜ ˙ˆ‹˜ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·˜ Î·È ¤Ó· appleÔχ Û˘ÓËıÈṲ̂ÓÔ ÛÙÔȯ›ÔÛ fiÏ· ۯ‰fiÓ Ù· ·Ú¯·›· ÁÏ˘appleÙ¿ Î·È ·ÁÁ›·. ∏ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ appleÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈÌÈ· ÛÂÈÚ¿ ·ÓÙÈÁÚ¿ÊˆÓ ÙˆÓ ‚·ÛÈÎÒÓÙ‡appleˆÓ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·›·˜ ÂÓ‰˘Ì·Û›·˜:·Ó‰ÚÈ΋˜ (ÈÌ¿ÙÈÔ ÎÔÓÙfi ηÈÌ·ÎÚ‡, Â̛͈‰·, ¯Ï·Ì‡‰·) ηÈÁ˘Ó·ÈΛ·˜ (apple¤appleÏÔ˜, ¯ÈÙÒÓ·˜¯ÂÈÚȉˆÙfi˜ Ì ÈÌ¿ÙÈÔ, ¯ÈÙÒÓ·˜·¯ÂÈÚ›‰ˆÙÔ˜ Ì ÈÌ¿ÙÈÔ). ∆Ô Û˘ÓÔ-‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfi, appleÂÚfiÓ˜, applefiÚapple˜,˙ÒÓ˜, Û·Ó‰¿ÏÈ·, ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ù·Î›ÌÂÓ· Î·È ÔÈ ‰È·Ê¿ÓÂȘ,‚ÔËıÔ‡Ó ÙÔ˘˜ Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ó· ÌÂÏÂ-Ù‹ÛÔ˘Ó Î·È Ó· ‰ÔÎÈÌ¿ÛÔ˘Ó Ù·ÚÔ‡¯·. ∂apple›Û˘, ÙÔ˘˜ ‚ÔËıÔ‡ÓÓ· ÂÓÙÔapple›ÛÔ˘Ó ÙÔ˘˜ ‰È¿ÊÔ-ÚÔ˘˜ Ù‡appleÔ˘˜ ÂÓ‰˘Ì·Û›·˜Û ÔappleÔÈÔ‰‹appleÔÙ ÌÔ˘Û›Ԣapple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Û˘ÏÏÔÁ‹ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓÁÏ˘appleÙÒÓ Î·È ·ÁÁ›ˆÓ.28


AÚ¯·›· EÏÏËÓÈο MÔ˘ÛÈο ŸÚÁ·Ó·OÈ ·Ú¯·›ÔÈ ŒÏÏËÓ˜ ıˆÚÔ‡Û·Ó fiÙÈ Ë ÌÔ˘ÛÈ΋ ‹Ù·Ó ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ ÛÙÔÈ¯Â›Ô Î¿ı appleÓÂ˘Ì·ÙÈ΋˜,ηÏÏÈÙ¯ÓÈ΋˜ Î·È ÎÔÈÓˆÓÈ΋˜ ‰Ú·ÛÙËÚÈfiÙËÙ·˜, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È Ù˘ ηıËÌÂÚÈÓ‹˜ ˙ˆ‹˜. ›ÛÙ¢·Ó fiÙȉȷÌÔÚÊÒÓÂÈ ÙÔÓ ¯·Ú·ÎÙ‹Ú· Î·È ·appleÔÙÂÏ› ¤ÙÛÈ ¿ÚÈÛÙÔ Ì¤ÛÔ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ·Ó·ÙÚÔÊ‹ ÙˆÓ Ó¤ˆÓ.¢È‰¿ÛÎÔÓÙ·Ó ÌÔ˘ÛÈ΋ ÛÙÔ Û¯ÔÏÂ›Ô Î·ıÒ˜ ηÈÛÙÔ Ûapple›ÙÈ Ì ȉȷ›ÙÂÚ· Ì·ı‹Ì·Ù·, Ë ÌÔ˘ÛÈÎ‹Û˘Ófi‰Â˘Â ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÁÒÓ˜, ‹Ù·Ó apple·ÚÔ‡Û·apple·ÓÙÔ‡.∏ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ appleÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ ·ÓÙ›-ÁÚ·Ê· ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ ÔÚÁ¿ÓˆÓ: ¤Á¯ÔÚ‰·(χڷ), appleÓ¢ÛÙ¿ (‰‡Ô ·˘ÏÔ› Ì ٷÂappleÈÛÙfiÌÈ· Î·È ÙË ÊÔÚ‚ÂÈ¿, Û¿ÏappleÈÁÁ·,Û‡ÚÈÁÁ· ÙÔ˘ ·Ófi˜ Î·È Î¤Ú·˜),ÎÚÔ˘ÛÙ¿ (Ù‡Ìapple·ÓÔ, ·̂·Ï· ηÈÎÚfiÙ·ÏÏ·). √È Ì·ıËÙ¤˜ Ì ÙË‚Ô‹ıÂÈ· ‰È·Ê·ÓÂÈÒÓ, ‚È‚Ï›ˆÓ,ۯ‰›ˆÓ Î·È ÌÔ˘ÛÈ΋˜ ¤¯Ô˘ÓÙË ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ· Ó· ÌÂÏÂÙ‹ÛÔ˘ÓÎ·È Ó· ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÔ˘Ó Ù·fiÚÁ·Ó· ·˘Ù¿. ªappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Âapple›Û˘ӷ ÂÓÙÔapple›ÛÔ˘Ó ÙȘ ÌÔÚʤ˜ ÙÔ˘˜Û ·Ú¯·›· ÁÏ˘appleÙ¿ Î·È ·ÁÁ›·.MOYEIOKEYE29


MOYEIOKEYEH ZˆÊfiÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·H ∑ˆÊfiÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ· Â›Ó·È Ì›· Û˘Ó¯‹˜ ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘ÊË apple·Ú¿ÛÙ·ÛË Ì ÌÔÚʤ˜,appleÔ˘ appleÂÚȤÙÚ¯ ÙÔ Âapple¿Óˆ ̤ÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ΢ڛˆ˜ Ó·Ô‡, ̤۷ ·applefi ÙËÓ Â͈ÙÂÚÈ΋ ÎÈÔÓÔÛÙÔȯ›· ÙÔ˘.£¤Ì· Ù˘ ‹Ù·Ó Ë appleÔÌapple‹ appleÚÔ˜ ÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË appleÔ˘ ÁÈÓfiÙ·Ó Î·Ù¿ Ù· ÌÂÁ¿Ï· ·Ó·ı‹Ó·È·, ÙË ÁÈÔÚÙ‹appleÚÔ˜ ÙÈÌ‹Ó Ù˘ ı¿˜ AıËÓ¿˜. H ZˆÊfiÚÔ˜ ›¯Â Û˘ÓÔÏÈÎfi Ì‹ÎÔ˜ 160 ̤ÙÚ· Î·È ‡„Ô˜ appleÂÚ›appleÔ˘1 ̤ÙÚÔ. ÙËÓ appleÔÌapple‹ ÂÈÎÔÓ›˙ÔÓÙ·Ó appleÂÚ›appleÔ˘ 380 ·ÓıÚÒappleÈÓ˜ Î·È ıÂ˚Τ˜ ÌÔÚʤ˜ ηıÒ˜ ηÈappleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚ· ·applefi 250 ˙Ò·, ΢ڛˆ˜ ¿ÏÔÁ·.∏ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹ appleÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ ¤Ó· ÌÈÎÚfi ·ÓÙ›ÁÚ·ÊÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·, Ì‹ÙÚ˜ ÙˆÓ ‰Âη¤ÍÈ Ï›ıˆÓÙ˘ ‰˘ÙÈ΋˜ ZˆÊfiÚÔ˘ Û Îϛ̷η 1:20, Ì‹ÙÚ· Ù˘ ÎÂÊ·Ï‹˜Ù˘ ı¿˜ ÿÚȉ·˜ ÛÙËÓ appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÈ΋ Ù˘Îϛ̷η, ‰¤Î· ʈÙÔÁڷʛ˜ ·applefiÂappleÈÏÂÁ̤ÓÔ˘˜ Ï›ıÔ˘˜ Û Îϛ̷η1:5, ʈÙÔÁÚ·ÊÈ΋ ·Ó·apple·Ú¿ÛÙ·-ÛË ÔÏfiÎÏËÚ˘ Ù˘ ZˆÊfiÚÔ˘,apple·È¯Ó›‰È ·Ó·Û‡ÓıÂÛ˘ Ù˘ZˆÊfiÚÔ˘, ¤Ó· Cd-Rom, ÂÎapple·È-‰Â˘ÙÈο ¤ÓÙ˘apple· Î·È ÙÔ ‚ȂϛԫÂÚ›apple·ÙÔÈ ÛÙÔÓ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·».√ Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ apple·›˙ÂÈ, ÊÙÈ¿¯ÓÂÈ ‰ÈοÙÔ˘ ÂÎÌ·Á›·, Ù· Û˘Óı¤ÙÂÈ Î·ÈÌÂÏÂÙ¿ ÙÔ ı·˘Ì¿ÛÈÔ ·˘ÙfiÛ‡ÓÔÏÔ ÁÏ˘appleÙÈ΋˜ Ù˘ ÎÏ·ÛÈ΋˜ÂappleÔ¯‹˜.30


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· Ú Ô ¯ ‹ M Ô ˘ Û Â È Ô Û Î Â ˘ Ò ÓO TÔ̤·˜ EÓË̤ڈÛ˘ Î·È EÎapple·›‰Â˘Û˘ ‰·Ó›˙ÂÈ ·applefi ÙÔ 1990 ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈΤ˜ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜ Û ۯÔÏ›· ÎÈ ¿ÏÏÔ˘˜ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘-ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ÊÔÚ›˜. M¤¯ÚÈ ÙÔ 2001 ‰¿ÓÂÈ˙Â Û˘ÓÔÏÈο 15 ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜ Ì 7 ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈο ı¤Ì·Ù· Û appleÂÚ›appleÔ˘ 200 Û¯ÔÏ›· ÙÔÓ ¯ÚfiÓÔ.TÔ 2001 ÔÏÔÎÏËÚÒıËΠ¤Ó· ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ ÂȉÈÎfi appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ·, Ô Û¯Â‰È·ÛÌfi˜ Î·È Ë ·Ó·apple·Ú·ÁˆÁ‹ Û appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ¿ ·ÓÙ›ÁÚ·Ê· 4 ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔ-Û΢ÒÓ (). Aapplefi ÙËÓ appleÚÒÙË ÙÔ˘˜ ÌÔÚÊ‹ appleÔ˘ ˘ÏÔappleÔÈ‹ıËΠηٿ Ù· ¤ÙË 1990-1993, ÔÈ Ó¤Â˜ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜ÌÂÙÂÍÂÏ›¯ıËηÓ, ¤ÙÛÈ ÒÛÙ ӷ Â›Ó·È appleÈÔ Â‡¯ÚËÛÙ˜ Î·È Ó· ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈËıÔ‡Ó ·applefi appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔ˘˜ ÊÔÚ›˜.√È appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚ˜ ·applefi ÙȘ Ӥ˜ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜ ·appleÔÙ¤ÏÂÛ·Ó ‰ˆÚ¿ Ù˘ YappleËÚÂÛ›·˜ Ì·˜ Û ¤Ó· ‰›ÎÙ˘Ô ÂappleÈÏÂÁÌ¤ÓˆÓ Û¯ÔÏ›ˆÓ ηÈÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÒÓ ÊÔÚ¤ˆÓ Û fiÏÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ÓÔÌÔ‡˜ Ù˘ EÏÏ¿‰·˜ Î·È ÙÔ Â͈ÙÂÚÈÎfi. ∏ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ‹ ÙÔ˘˜ ¤ÁÈÓ ÌÂÙ¿ ·applefi Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤Óˉȷ‰Èηۛ· ÛÙ·‰È·Î‹˜ ·ÍÈÔÏfiÁËÛ˘ Î·È ÔÈ appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔÈ ÊÔÚ›˜ apple·Ú¤Ï·‚·Ó ÙȘ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜ ÌÂÙ¿ ·applefi ÂȉÈÎfi ÛÂÌÈÓ¿ÚÈÔ Û¯ÂÙÈοÌ ÙÔ appleÂÚȯfiÌÂÓÔ Î·È ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË ÙˆÓ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢ÒÓ ÛÙËÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈ΋ appleÚ¿ÍË. AÓ·Ï˘ÙÈο:H «TÔ ¢ˆ‰ÂοıÂÔ» ۯ‰ȿÛÙËΠ̛۠· appleÚÒÙË ÌÔÚÊ‹ ÛÙ· appleÏ·›ÛÈ· ÙÔ˘ appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜ «ME§INA – EÎapple·›‰Â˘ÛË Î·ÈÔÏÈÙÈÛÌfi˜» ÙÔ 1999 Î·È ÂappleÈϤ¯ıËΠÙÔ 2001 ·applefi ÙÔ ·È‰·ÁˆÁÈÎfi IÓÛÙÈÙÔ‡ÙÔ ÁÈ· Ó· ‰Ôı› ˆ˜ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfi ÛÙ· Û¯ÔÏ›·ÙÔ˘ appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜ Ù˘ ∂˘¤ÏÈÎÙ˘ ∑ÒÓ˘ ÙÔ˘ YE£. ˘ÓÔÏÈο ¤¯ÂÈ ‰Ôı› ·applefi ÙÔ À∂£ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ·applefi ÙËÓ YappleËÚÂÛ›· Ì·˜ ÛÂ420 Û¯ÔÏ›· Î·È ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ÊÔÚ›˜ fiÏ˘ Ù˘ ¯ÒÚ·˜.∏ «¿Ì ÛÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË» ·Ó·apple·Ú‹¯ıË Ì ¯ÔÚËÁ›· ÙÔ˘ π‰Ú‡Ì·ÙÔ˜ Ù·‡ÚÔ˜ . NÈ¿Ú¯Ô˜ Û 100 ·ÓÙ›ÁÚ·Ê· ÛÙËÓ ÂÏÏËÓÈÎ‹Î·È 100 ·ÓÙ›ÁÚ·Ê· ÛÙËÓ ·ÁÁÏÈ΋ ÁÏÒÛÛ·. H «ŒÓ·˜ AÚ¯·›Ô˜ N·fi˜» ·Ó·apple·Ú‹¯ıË Ì ¯ÔÚËÁ›· ÙÔ˘ π‰Ú‡Ì·ÙÔ˜ MappleÔ‰ÔÛ¿ÎË ÛÂ100 ·ÓÙ›ÁÚ·Ê·. √È ‰‡Ô ·˘Ù¤˜ ¯ÔÚËÁ›Â˜ ÂÍ·ÛÊ·Ï›ÛÙËÎ·Ó ¯¿ÚË ÛÙË ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ· Ù˘ ŒÓˆÛ˘ º›ÏˆÓ ∞ÎÚÔapplefiψ˜. OÈ ‰‡Ô ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔ-Û΢¤˜ ‰fiıËÎ·Ó Î·Ù¿ ÙÔ Û¯ÔÏÈÎfi ¤ÙÔ˜ 2001-2002 Û ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ÊÔÚ›˜ Û 47 ÓÔÌÔ‡˜ fiÏ˘ Ù˘ ¯ÒÚ·˜. TÔÓ M¿ÈÔ ÙÔ˘ 2003¤ÁÈÓ ÂȉÈÎfi Û˘Ó¤‰ÚÈÔ ·ÍÈÔÏfiÁËÛ˘ ÙˆÓ ·appleÔÙÂÏÂÛÌ¿ÙˆÓ Ù˘ ¯Ú‹Û˘ ÙˆÓ ‰‡Ô ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢ÒÓ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ ‰È·ÊfiÚÔ˘˜ ÊÔÚ›˜.H «H ZˆÊfiÚÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·» ‰fiıËΠ۠95 ÊÔÚ›˜ fiÏ˘ Ù˘ ¯ÒÚ·˜ ÌÂÙ¿ ·applefi ·Ó·Ï˘ÙÈÎfi ÛÂÌÈÓ¿ÚÈÔ appleÔ˘ ÔÚÁ·ÓÒıËÎÂÛÙ· appleÏ·›ÛÈ· ÂÓfi˜ ¢ڇÙÂÚÔ˘ appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜. TÔÓ M¿ÈÔ ÙÔ˘ 2004 ‰ÈÔÚÁ·ÓÒıËΠ¿ÏÏÔ ¤Ó· ÂȉÈÎfi Û˘Ó¤‰ÚÈÔ·ÍÈÔÏfiÁËÛ˘ ÙˆÓ ·appleÔÙÂÏÂÛÌ¿ÙˆÓ Ù˘ ¯Ú‹Û˘ Ù˘ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢‹˜ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ ‰È·ÊfiÚÔ˘˜ ÊÔÚ›˜.˘ÓÔÏÈο ÙÔ ‰›ÎÙ˘Ô ÙˆÓ ÊÔÚ¤ˆÓ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÔappleÔ›Ô˘˜ ‰ˆÚ‹ıËÎ·Ó ÔÈ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜ appleÚԤ΢„ ·applefi¤Ó·Ó Û˘Ó‰˘·ÛÌfi ¢È¢ı‡ÓÛÂˆÓ ÚˆÙÔ‚¿ıÌÈ·˜ Î·È ¢Â˘ÙÂÚÔ‚¿ıÌÈ·˜ EÎapple·›‰Â˘Û˘, ¯ÔÏ›ˆÓ,·ÓÂappleÈÛÙËÌÈ·ÎÒÓ ¯ÔÏÒÓ Î·È BÈ‚ÏÈÔıËÎÒÓ.ÂÚ›appleÔ˘ 200 ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜ Î·È ·applefi Ù· 4 ı¤Ì·Ù· ‰ˆÚ‹ıËÎ·Ó Âapple›Û˘ Û appleÔÏϤ˜ ¯ÒÚ˜ ÂÎÙfi˜EÏÏ¿‰·˜, Û ÌÂÁ¿Ï· MÔ˘Û›·, Û ·ÓÂappleÈÛÙ‹ÌÈ·, Û ¯ÔÏ›· Ì ȉȷ›ÙÂÚÔ ÙÌ‹Ì· EÏÏËÓÈÎÒÓηıÒ˜ Î·È ÛÙÔ˘˜ ˘ÓÙÔÓÈÛÙ¤˜ EÎapple·›‰Â˘Û˘ ÙÔ˘ YE£ Û fiÏÔÓ ÙÔÓ ÎfiÛÌÔ.32


E M I N A P I A∏ Û˘ÓÂÚÁ·Û›· ÙÔ˘ ∆Ô̤· ∂ÓË̤ڈÛ˘ Î·È ∂Îapple·›‰Â˘Û˘ Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ apple·›ÚÓÂÈ appleÈÔ Û˘ÁÎÂ-ÎÚÈ̤ÓË ÌÔÚÊ‹ Ì ٷ ÂȉÈο ÛÂÌÈÓ¿ÚÈ· appleÔ˘ ÔÚÁ·ÓÒÓÔÓÙ·È Û ٷÎÙ¿ ¯ÚÔÓÈο ‰È·ÛÙ‹Ì·Ù· ÛÙÔ K¤ÓÙÚÔMÂÏÂÙÒÓ Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È Û fiÏË ÙËÓ ∂ÏÏ¿‰· Î·È ÛÙÔ Â͈ÙÂÚÈÎfi. ÂÌÈÓ¿ÚÈ· Á›ÓÔÓÙ·È Û ÔÌ¿‰Â˜ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÒÓ ÌÂÙ¿ ·applefi ·›ÙËÛ‹ ÙÔ˘˜.  ·˘Ù¿ apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÙ·È ÙÔ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfi ÙÔ˘ ∆Ô̤· ηıÒ˜ ηÈÛÙÔȯ›· ·applefi ÙËÓ ·Ú¯ÈÙÂÎÙÔÓÈ΋, ÙËÓ Ù¤¯ÓË Î·È ÙËÓ ÈÛÙÔÚ›· Ù˘ ÎÏ·ÛÈ΋˜ ÂappleÔ¯‹˜ Î·È ÙˆÓ ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓ Ù˘,Ù· ÔappleÔ›· ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ÂÓÙ·¯ıÔ‡Ó ÛÙË ‰È‰·ÎÙ¤· ‡ÏË, ÂÌappleÏÔ˘Ù›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙË ‰È‰·Ûηϛ·.ÂÌÈÓ¿ÚÈ· ¤¯Ô˘Ó appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈËı› Û ·Ú¯·ÈÔÏfiÁÔ˘˜, Û appleÚÔappleÙ˘¯È·ÎÔ‡˜ Î·È ÌÂÙ·appleÙ˘¯È·ÎÔ‡˜ ÊÔÈÙËÙ¤˜,Û ‰È¢ı˘ÓÙ¤˜ Î·È ÛÙÂϤ¯Ë ‰ËÌfiÛȈÓ, ‰ËÌÔÙÈÎÒÓ, ÎÈÓËÙÒÓ, apple·È‰ÈÎÒÓ, apple·ÓÂappleÈÛÙËÌÈ·ÎÒÓ Î·È Û¯ÔÏÈÎÒÓ‚È‚ÏÈÔıËÎÒÓ ·applefi fiÏË ÙËÓ EÏÏ¿‰· Î·È Î˘Ú›ˆ˜ Û appleÔÏÏÔ‡˜ ¤ÏÏËÓ˜ Î·È Í¤ÓÔ˘˜ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ÛÂ Û˘ÓÂÚ-Á·Û›· Ì ‰È¿ÊÔÚÔ˘˜ ÊÔÚ›˜.ŒÓ· ȉȷ›ÙÂÚÔ ‰›ÎÙ˘Ô Û˘ÓÂÚÁ·Û›·˜ ÙÔ˘ TÔ̤· ¤¯ÂÈ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁËı› Ì ÙȘ ͤÓ˜ AÚ¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈΤ˜ ¯ÔϤ˜ÛÙËÓ EÏÏ¿‰·. OÌ¿‰Â˜ ηıËÁËÙÒÓ ÙˆÓ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ ÂÏÏËÓÈÎÒÓ ·applefi ÙËÓ AÁÁÏ›·, ÙË ¢·Ó›·, ÙËÓ OÏÏ·Ó‰›·,ÙË °ÂÚÌ·Ó›·, ÙËÓ IÚÏ·Ó‰›· Î·È ÙË °·ÏÏ›· ¤¯Ô˘ÓÛ˘ÌÌÂÙ¿Û¯ÂÈ Û ÛÂÌÈÓ¿ÚÈ·.Eapple›Û˘ ÛÂ Û˘ÓÂÚÁ·Û›· Ì ٷ YappleÔ˘ÚÁ›· ·È‰Â›·˜Ù˘ K‡appleÚÔ˘, ÙÔ˘ BÂÏÁ›Ô˘ Î·È Ù˘ O˘ÎÚ·Ó›·˜¤¯Ô˘Ó appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈËı› ÛÂÌÈÓ¿ÚÈ· ÛÙË §Â˘-Έۛ·, ÛÙȘ BڢͤÏϘ, ÛÙÔ K›Â‚Ô, ÛÙËÓ O‰ËÛÛfiηıÒ˜ Î·È ÛÙÔ §ÔÓ‰›ÓÔ ÛÂ Û˘ÓÂÚÁ·Û›· Ì ÙÔ SPHSÎ·È ÙÔ JACT.ŸÏÔÈ ÔÈ Û˘ÌÌÂÙ¤¯ÔÓÙ˜ ÛÙ· ÛÂÌÈÓ¿ÚÈ· ηıÒ˜ ηÈÛÙ· ÂȉÈο Û˘Ó¤‰ÚÈ· appleÔ˘ ‰ÈÔÚÁ·ÓÒÓÔÓÙ·È ·applefi ÙÔÓ∆Ô̤· apple·›ÚÓÔ˘Ó ÂÓËÌÂÚˆÙÈÎfi ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfiÛÙËÓ ÂÏÏËÓÈ΋ ‹ ÛÙËÓ ·ÁÁÏÈ΋ ÁÏÒÛÛ·.33


E K £ E E I Ù· appleÏ·›ÛÈ· ‰È·ÊfiÚˆÓ ÂÎı¤ÛÂˆÓ Î·È Û˘Ó‰ڛˆÓ ÔÈ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜Î·È ÁÂÓÈÎfiÙÂÚ· ÔÈ ÂΉfiÛÂȘ ÙÔ˘ TÔ̤· ¤¯Ô˘Ó apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ·ÛÙ› ÛÂappleÔÏÏ¿ ̤ÚË ÛÙËÓ EÏÏ¿‰· Î·È ÙÔ Â͈ÙÂÚÈÎfi, Û ÌÔ˘Û›·, apple·ÓÂappleÈ-ÛÙ‹ÌÈ· Î·È ‚È‚ÏÈÔı‹Î˜.EȉÈÎfiÙÂÚ· ÛÙÔ Â͈ÙÂÚÈÎfi ÂÎı¤ÛÂȘ ¤¯Ô˘Ó Á›ÓÂÈ ÛÙËÓ AÏÂÍ¿Ó‰ÚÂÈ·,ÛÙÔ ÕÌÛÙÂÚÓÙ·Ì, ÛÙÔ BÂÏÈÁÚ¿‰È, ÛÙË BÔÛÙÒÓË, ÛÙÔ BÔ˘ÎÔ˘Ú¤ÛÙÈ,ÛÙÔ Z¿ÁÎÚÂÌapple, ÛÙÔ K›Â‚Ô, ÛÙË §Â˘ÎˆÛ›·, ÛÙÔ §ÔÓ‰›ÓÔ, ÛÙËÓO‰ËÛÛfi, ÛÙËÓ O˙¿Î·, ÛÙË PÒÌË, ÛÙ· ÎfiappleÈ· Î.·.Eapple›Û˘ ¤¯Ô˘Ó apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ·ÛÙ› Û ‰ÈÂıÓ›˜ ÂÎı¤ÛÂȘ ‚È‚Ï›ˆÓ, fiappleˆ˜ÛÙË ¢ÈÂıÓ‹ ŒÎıÂÛË ·È‰ÈÎÔ‡ BÈ‚Ï›Ô˘ Ù˘ MappleÔÏÒÓÈ· Î·È ÛÙË¢ÈÂıÓ‹ ŒÎıÂÛË Ù˘ ºÚ·ÓÎÊÔ‡ÚÙ˘ ÙÔ 2001, fiÙ·Ó Ë EÏÏ¿‰· ‹Ù·ÓÙÈÌÒÌÂÓË ¯ÒÚ·.ŒÎıÂÛË fiÏÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡ ˘ÏÈÎÔ‡ Ì ٛÙÏÔ ’Let”s Go to theAcropolis; Ancient Culture in Modern Education’ ¤ÁÈÓÂ, ÌÂÙ¿ ·applefiappleÚfiÛÎÏËÛË, ÛÙÔ E˘ÚˆÎÔÈÓÔ‚Ô‡ÏÈÔ, ÛÙȘ BڢͤÏϘ.Ù· appleÏ·›ÛÈ· ÙˆÓ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ ÂÎı¤ÛÂˆÓ appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ‹ıËÎ·Ó ÂÓËÌÂ-ÚˆÙÈο ÛÂÌÈÓ¿ÚÈ· Û ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜, ηٿ Ù· ÔappleÔ›· apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿-ÛÙËΠÙÔ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi ˘ÏÈÎfi Î·È ÔÈ ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ˜ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔ›ËÛ‹˜ÙÔ˘ ÛÙËÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈ΋ ‰È·‰Èηۛ·.34


Y N E ¢ P I AEKAI¢EYTIKøN√ ∆Ô̤·˜ ÔÚÁ·ÓÒÓÂÈ Û˘Ó¤‰ÚÈ· Ì ı¤Ì· «∂Îapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ› Î·È appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË»,appleÔ˘ ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó ¤Ó· ‚‹Ì· ‰È·ÏfiÁÔ˘ ÌÂٷ͇ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÒÓ Ì ÎÔÈÓ¿ ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓÙ· ÁÈ· ÙË ‰È‰·Ûηϛ·Ì¤Û· ·applefi ÙÔ appleÔÏÈÙÈÛÌÈÎfi Ì·˜ appleÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓ. ∏ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË, ·Ê’ ÂÓfi˜ ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ÛËÌ·Û›·˜ Ù˘ Î·È ·Ê’ ÂÙ¤ÚÔ˘ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ‡apple·Ú͢ ÔÚÁ·ÓˆÌ¤ÓÔ˘ ∆Ô̤· EÎapple·›‰Â˘Û˘, ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ› ÙÔ ÂÚ¤ıÈÛÌ· Î·È ÙËÓapple·ÚfiÙÚ˘ÓÛË ÁÈ· Ó· appleÚÔ¯ˆÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ó ÔÈ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ› Û ‰ÈΤ˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÚÁ·Û›Â˜ Î·È Ó· ·Ó·appleÙ‡ÍÔ˘ÓÙȘ ‰ÈΤ˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ȉ¤Â˜. Œ¯Ô˘Ó appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈËı› ÔÎÙÒ Û˘Ó¤‰ÚÈ· (1991, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998,2001, 2003, 2004). ∫·Ù¿ apple¿ÁÈ· Ù·ÎÙÈ΋ Ù˘appleÒÓÔÓÙ·È appleÚ·ÎÙÈο ‹ appleÂÚÈÏ‹„ÂȘ ÙˆÓ ·Ó·ÎÔÈÓÒÛˆÓÙˆÓ Û˘Ó‰ڛˆÓ.Ù· Û˘Ó¤‰ÚÈ· ·˘Ù¿ Ï·Ì‚¿ÓÔ˘Ó Ì¤ÚÔ˜ 150-200 ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ› οı ÊÔÚ¿ Î·È apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÔÓÙ·È15-20 ·Ó·ÎÔÈÓÒÛÂȘ. ∏ ·Í›· ÙˆÓ Û˘Ó‰ڛˆÓ Û˘Ó›ÛÙ·Ù·È ÛÙËÓ appleÔÏ˘ÌÂÚ‹ Î·È ‰ÈÂappleÈÛÙËÌÔÓÈ΋appleÚԤϢÛË ÙˆÓ ·Ó·ÎÔÈÓÒÛˆÓ. OÈ 150 ·Ó·ÎÔÈÓÒÛÂȘ Î·È Ù· appleÚ·ÎÙÈο ÙÔ˘˜ ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó Û‹ÌÂÚ·¤Ó· appleÔχ ÂӉȷʤÚÔÓ Î·È appleÏÔ‡ÛÈÔ Û ȉ¤Â˜ Û‡ÓÔÏÔ ÂÚÁ·ÛÈÒÓ Û¯ÂÙÈÎÒÓ Ì ÙËÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏË,ÂÊ·ÚÌÔÛÌ¤ÓˆÓ ·applefi ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜. M¤Û· ÛÙ· ¯ÚfiÓÈ· ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÂappleÈappleϤÔÓ Î·Ù·ÙÂı› ÛÙË‚È‚ÏÈÔı‹ÎË Ì·˜ Î·È appleÂÚ›appleÔ˘ ¿ÏϘ 120 ÂÚÁ·Û›Â˜ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÒÓ appleÔ˘ ÂÌappleÏÔ˘Ù›˙Ô˘Ó ÙÔ ·Ú¯Â›ÔÙÔ˘ TÔ̤·.∆· ÔÏÔÎÏËڈ̤ӷ ·˘Ù¿ ·appleÔÙÂϤÛÌ·Ù· ÙˆÓ Ì·ıËÙÈÎÒÓ ÂÚÁ·ÛÈÒÓ ÂÈÎÔÓÔÁÚ·ÊÔ‡Ó Î·ÈappleÂÚÈÁÚ¿ÊÔ˘Ó Ì ÙÔÓ Î·Ï‡ÙÂÚÔ ÙÚfiappleÔ ÙË ‰È·‰Èηۛ· ‰È‰·Ûηϛ·˜ appleÔ˘ ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ı‹ıËΠοıÂÊÔÚ¿. √ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi˜ appleÔ˘ ÂӉȷʤÚÂÙ·È, ¤¯ÂÈ ÙË ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ· Ó· ‰ÂÈ Û˘ÁÎÂÓÙڈ̤ӷappleÚˆÙfiÙ˘apple· appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· Û¯ÂÙÈο Ì ÙËÓ ∞ÎÚfiappleÔÏË Î·È ÙËÓÂappleÔ¯‹ Ù˘, Ù· ÔappleÔ›· ÂÌappleÂÚȤ¯Ô˘Ó Ӥ˜ ȉ¤Â˜, ÌÂıfi‰Ô˘˜Î·È ÂÊ·ÚÌÔÁ¤˜ appleÔ˘ Û˘Ó¿‰ÂÏÊÔ› ÙÔ˘˜ Ì ÙÔ ›‰ÈÔ˘applefi‚·ıÚÔ, ÙȘ ›‰È˜ ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ›‰ÈÔ˘˜ÛÙfi¯Ô˘˜ ‰ËÌÈÔ‡ÚÁËÛ·Ó.35


°È· ÙË Û˘ÌÌÂÙÔ¯‹ ÛÙ· ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈο appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù· ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙË Â›Ó·È Ë ÙËÏÂʈÓÈ΋ ÂappleÈÎÔÈÓˆÓ›·ÁÈ· Ó· ηıÔÚÈÛÙ› Ë ËÌÂÚÔÌËÓ›· Î·È ÒÚ· Ù˘ Âapple›Û΄˘. K¿ı ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ·ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ÙÔ apple·Ú·ÎÔÏÔ˘ı‹ÛÔ˘Ó Ì¤¯ÚÈ 25 Ì·ıËÙ¤˜. TËÓ Â˘ı‡ÓË ÙˆÓ Ì·ıËÙÒÓ Î·Ù¿ ÙˉȿÚÎÂÈ· Ù˘ Âapple›Û΄˘ ¤¯ÂÈ Ô ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi˜ appleÔ˘ Ù· Û˘Óԉ‡ÂÈ. °È· appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔ˘˜ ·applefi ›ÎÔÛÈÌ·ıËÙ¤˜ Â›Ó·È ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙË Ë apple·ÚÔ˘Û›· Î·È ‰Â‡ÙÂÚÔ˘ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡-Û˘ÓÔ‰Ô‡.√È ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈΤ˜ ÌÔ˘ÛÂÈÔÛ΢¤˜ Î·È ÔÈ Ê¿ÎÂÏÏÔÈ ‰·Ó›˙ÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ÌÂÙ¿ ·applefiÙËÏÂʈÓÈ΋ Û˘ÓÂÓÓfiËÛË ÁÈ· Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤ÓÔ ¯ÚÔÓÈÎfi ‰È¿ÛÙËÌ·, ·applefi Ì›· ¤ˆ˜ ÙÚÂȘ ‚‰ÔÌ¿‰Â˜.∆Ô ˘ÏÈÎfi apple·Ú·Ï·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ Î·È ÂappleÈÛÙÚ¤ÊÂÈ ÛÙÔ K¤ÓÙÚÔ MÂÏÂÙÒÓ Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ Ô ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎfi˜Ì ‰È΋ ÙÔ˘ ¢ı‡ÓË, ÙȘ ηıÔÚÈṲ̂Ó˜ Ë̤Ú˜ Î·È ÒÚ˜. °È· ÙËÓ apple·Ú·Ï·‚‹ ÙÔ˘ ˘ÏÈÎÔ‡·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙË Â›Ó·È ·›ÙËÛË ‰·ÓÂÈÛÌÔ‡ ˘appleÔÁÂÁÚ·Ì̤ÓË ·applefi ÙÔÓ ‰È¢ı˘ÓÙ‹ ÙÔ˘ Û¯ÔÏ›Ԣ ηıÒ˜Î·È ÊˆÙÔ·ÓÙ›ÁÚ·ÊÔ Ù˘ ·ÛÙ˘ÓÔÌÈ΋˜ Ù·˘ÙfiÙËÙ·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡.ÂÌÈÓ¿ÚÈ· ÁÈ· ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ Î·È ÊÔÈÙËÙ¤˜ Á›ÓÔÓÙ·È Ù·ÎÙÈο ηıÒ˜ Âapple›Û˘ Î·È fiappleÔÙ ÙÔ ˙ËÙ‹ÛÔ˘ÓÙÔ˘Ï¿¯ÈÛÙÔÓ Â›ÎÔÛÈ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ›.ÙÔ ¤ÓÙ˘appleÔ ·˘Ùfi appleÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÔÓÙ·È ÌfiÓÔÓ ÔÈ ÂΉfiÛÂȘ Ù˘ YMA appleÔ˘ ·apple¢ı‡ÓÔÓÙ·È ÛÙËÓ ÂÎapple·È-‰Â˘ÙÈ΋ ÎÔÈÓfiÙËÙ·. ÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜ ÁÈ· ÙȘ ˘applefiÏÔÈapple˜ ÂΉfiÛÂȘ Î·È ‰Ú·ÛÙËÚÈfiÙËÙ˜ Ù˘ YMA ηÈÂȉÈÎfiÙÂÚ· ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÂÙ‹ÛÈ· ¤Î‰ÔÛË «EÓËÌÂÚˆÙÈΤ˜ Âȉ‹ÛÂȘ ·applefi ÙËÓ ·Ó·ÛًψÛË ÙˆÓ ÌÓËÌ›ˆÓÙ˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘» ÌappleÔÚ›Ù ӷ ‚Ú›Ù ÛÙÔ ‰È·‰›ÎÙ˘Ô (www.ysma.culture.gr.)T· ¿ÙÔÌ· Ì ÂȉÈΤ˜ ·Ó¿ÁΘ Â͢appleËÚÂÙÔ‡ÓÙ·È Î·Ù¿ appleÚÔÙÂÚ·ÈfiÙËÙ·.ŸÏ˜ ÔÈ ˘appleËÚÂۛ˜ ÙÔ˘ TÔ̤· apple·Ú¤¯ÔÓÙ·È ‰ˆÚ¿Ó. ¢ÂÓ ÂappleÈÙÚ¤appleÂÙ·È Ë ·ÓÙÈÁÚ·Ê‹ ÙÔ˘ ˘ÏÈÎÔ‡.


YappleËÚÂÛ›· ˘ÓÙ‹ÚËÛ˘ MÓËÌ›ˆÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘TÔ̤·˜ EÓË̤ڈÛ˘ & EÎapple·›‰Â˘Û˘:KÔÚÓËÏ›· X·Ù˙Ë·ÛÏ¿ÓËEÈÚ‹ÓË K·˚Ì¿Ú·AÛË̛ӷ §ÂÔÓÙ‹K·ÏÏÈÙ¯ÓÈ΋ ÂappleÈ̤ÏÂÈ· ÂÓÙ‡appleÔ˘: AltSys¢È·¯ˆÚÈÛÌÔ›: Q-FactorEÎÙ‡appleˆÛË: TÛ¿ÎÔ˜-Mapple¤ÓÔ˘-K·Ì·Ú¿‰Ô˘ISBN: 960-214-415-7© 2004 - YappleËÚÂÛ›· ˘ÓÙ‹ÚËÛ˘ MÓËÌ›ˆÓ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ - TÔ̤·˜ EÓË̤ڈÛ˘ & EÎapple·›‰Â˘Û˘T· ·Ó·ÛÙËψÙÈο ¤ÚÁ· ÛÙ· ÌÓËÌ›· Ù˘ AÎÚfiappleÔÏ˘ Û˘Á¯ÚËÌ·ÙÔ‰ÔÙÔ‡ÓÙ·È ·applefi ÙËÓE˘Úˆapple·˚΋ ŒÓˆÛË.★★★★★★★★★★★★ ★★★KENTPO ME§ETøN TH AKPOO§HM·ÎÚ˘ÁÈ¿ÓÓË 2-4 ñ 117 42 Aı‹Ó·TËÏ.: 210 9239186 ñ Fax: 210 9249333 ñ http://www.ysma.culture.gr

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