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Διδακτική στη λειτουργία των κινητήρων Νέας Τεχνολογίας μέσω της ...

ƒ√§√°√ªÂÏÂÙËÙ¤˜ ÙˆÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÒÓ appleÚ·ÁÌ¿ÙˆÓ ÈÛ¯˘Ú›˙ÔÓÙ·È fiÙÈ Ë appleÔÈfiÙËÙ· Ù˘ ÂÎapple·›‰Â˘Û˘ ηıÔÚ›˙ÂÙ·È, ΢ڛˆ˜,·applefi ‰‡Ô apple·Ú¿ÁÔÓÙ˜: ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ Î·È Ù· ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈο ̤۷. ¢ËÏ·‰‹ ÔÈ Î·Ï¿ ηٷÚÙÈṲ̂ÓÔÈ, apple·È‰·-ÁˆÁÈο Î·È ÂappleÈÛÙËÌÔÓÈο, ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ› Î·È Ù· ηϿ ‰È‰·ÎÙÈο ÂÁ¯ÂÈÚ›‰È·, ÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ·, ÂappleÔappleÙÈο ̤۷ Î. ·.ÂÍ·ÛÊ·Ï›˙Ô˘Ó ÙȘ appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚ˜ ÙˆÓ appleÚÔ¸appleÔı¤ÛˆÓ, ÒÛÙ ӷ ÂappleÈÙ‡¯Ô˘Ì ÙËÓ appleÔÈfiÙËÙ· ÛÙËÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈ΋‰È·‰Èηۛ·.ªappleÚÔÛÙ¿ Ì·˜ ¤¯Ô˘Ì ÙÔ applefiÓËÌ· ÙˆÓ ∞Á·apple¿ÎË ¢. Î·È °Ú·ÌÌ·ÙÈοÎË π. ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú˜ Ó¤·˜ Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›·˜.ŒÓ· applefiÓËÌ· ÁÚ·Ì̤ÓÔ Ì ÌÂÚ¿ÎÈ. ∞˘Ù‹ ηı’ ·˘Ù‹ Ë appleÚÔÛapple¿ıÂÈ· ÙˆÓ ‰‡Ô Û˘ÁÁڷʤˆÓ Û˘ÓÂÈÛʤÚÂÈ ÛÙË ‚ÂÏ-Ù›ˆÛË Î·È ÙˆÓ ‰‡Ô apple·Ú·ÁfiÓÙˆÓ appleÔ˘ appleÚԷӷʤÚıËηÓ. °È·Ù›:·. ∏ Û˘ÁÁÚ·Ê‹ ÔappleÔÈÔ˘‰‹appleÔÙ ‚È‚Ï›Ô˘ ‚ÂÏÙÈÒÓÂÈ appleÚÒÙ· ·apple’ fiÏ· ÙÔ˘˜ ›‰ÈÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ Û˘ÁÁÚ·Ê›˜ Î·È ÂÓ appleÚÔÎÂÈ-̤ӈ ÙÔ˘˜ ‰‡Ô ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜-Û˘ÁÁÚ·Ê›˜.µÂÏÙÈÒÓÂÈ Âapple›Û˘ Î·È fiÛÔ˘˜ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ÙÔ ÌÂÏÂÙ‹ÛÔ˘Ó Î·È ÙÔ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÔ˘Ó.‚. ∏ ΢ÎÏÔÊÔÚ›· ÔappleÔÈÔ˘‰‹appleÔÙ appleÚÔÛÂÁ̤ÓÔ˘ ‰È‰·ÎÙÈÎÔ‡ ÂÁ¯ÂÈÚȉ›Ô˘ ‚ÂÏÙÈÒÓÂÈ Ù· ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈο ̤۷ Î·È Û˘Ì-‚¿ÏÏÂÈ ÛÙËÓ ·Ó¿appleÙ˘ÍË ÙÔ˘˜.∂appleÔ̤ӈ˜ Ë appleÚÔÛapple¿ıÂÈ· ·˘Ù‹ ÙˆÓ ‰‡Ô ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÒÓ Â›Ó·È Âapple·ÈÓÂÙ‹ Î·È Ì·˜ appleÚÔÙÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÓı·ÚÚ‡-ÓÔ˘Ì ÁÈ· apple·Ú·apple¤Ú· ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÈ΋ ÂÚÁ·Û›·.27/06/2006√χÌappleÈÔ˜ ¢·Ê¤ÚÌÔ˜5


∂ƒπ∂Ã√ª∂¡∞EÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9KÂÊ¿Ï·ÈÔ 1: √ƒ°∞¡∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111.1 ÔχÌÂÙÚÔ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131.2 ƒÔfiÌÂÙÚÔ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .251.3 Break Out Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29KÂÊ¿Ï·ÈÔ 2: ∞ƒ√Àπ∞∏ ∆√À À∆∏ª∞∆√ FENIX 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .352.1 ∏ÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .372.2 ∂appleÂÍ‹ÁËÛË Âapple·ÊÒÓ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39KÂÊ¿Ï·ÈÔ 3: À∆∏ª∞ ∫∞Àπª√À . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .453.1 ›ÂÛË Î·˘Û›ÌÔ˘ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .473.2 ƒÔ‹ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .523.3 µ·Ï‚›‰Â˜ „ÂηÛÌÔ‡ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .573.4 ∞ÓÙÏ›· η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62KÂÊ¿Ï·ÈÔ 4: À∆∏ª∞ ∂π∞°ø°∏ ∞∂ƒ∞ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .674.1 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ı¤Û˘ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·˜ Áη˙ÈÔ‡ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .694.2 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ·applefiÏ˘Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .744.3 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ ·¤Ú· . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .794.4 µ·Ï‚›‰· appleÚfiÛıÂÙÔ˘ ·¤Ú· . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84KÂÊ¿Ï·ÈÔ 5: À∆∏ª∞ ∞¡∞º§∂•∏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .895.1 ÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹˜ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91KÂÊ¿Ï·ÈÔ 6: ∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∂ ∫π¡∏∆∏ƒ∞ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .976.1 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ „˘ÎÙÈÎÔ‡ ˘ÁÚÔ‡ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .996.2 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ı¤Û˘ ÛÙÚÔÊ·ÏÔÊfiÚÔ˘ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1046.3 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ¯Ù˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109KÂÊ¿Ï·ÈÔ 7: À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À ∂∫√ªø¡ ƒÀø¡ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1157.1 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1177.2 µ·Ï‚›‰· ·Ó·ÎÔ‡ÊÈÛ˘ ηӛÛÙÚÔ˘ ÂÓÂÚÁÔ‡ ¿Óıڷη . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1237


KÂÊ¿Ï·ÈÔ 8: À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1298.1 ∫ÂÓÙÚÈÎfi ÚÂϤ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1318.2 ∫ÂÓÙÚÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138KÂÊ¿Ï·ÈÔ 9: ∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∂ √Ã∏ª∞∆√ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1459.1 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1479.2 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ·˜ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1529.3 ∞‰Ú·ÓÂÈ·Îfi˜ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .156KÂÊ¿Ï·ÈÔ 10: π¡∞∫∂ ∂¡¢∂¢EI°ª∂¡ø¡ ∆πªø¡ ∆√À ∫∞∆∞∫∂À∞∆∏ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159BÈ‚ÏÈÔÁÚ·Ê›· . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169XÚ‹ÛÈ̘ IÛÙÔÛÂÏ›‰Â˜ A˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1718


∂π∞°ø°∏√È Ú·Á‰·›Â˜ ÂÍÂÏ›ÍÂȘ ÛÙËÓ Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ·˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘ ÙËÓ ÙÂÏÂ˘Ù·›· ‰ÂηÂÙ›·, ¤¯Ô˘Ó ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÂÈ ÌÂÁ·Ï‡-ÙÂÚ˜ Î·È ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈΤ˜ ·Ó¿ÁΘ ÛÙËÓ ÂÎapple·›‰Â˘ÛË ÙˆÓ Ì·ıËÙÒÓ appleÔ˘ ı· ÂÍ·Û΋ÛÔ˘Ó ÙÔ Âapple¿ÁÁÂÏÌ· ÙÔ˘ Ì˯·-ÓÈÎÔ‡ ·˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙˆÓ.∏ ¤ÏÏÂÈ„Ë Û¯ÂÙÈ΋˜ ‚È‚ÏÈÔÁÚ·Ê›·˜ Î·È ÂappleÈÌfiÚʈÛ˘ οÓÂÈ appleÈÔ ‰‡ÛÎÔÏË ÙËÓ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈ΋ ‰È·‰Èηۛ· ȉȷ›ÙÂÚ·Û ÂÚÁ·ÛÙËÚÈ·Îfi Âapple›apple‰Ô. ∏ ‰˘ÛÎÔÏ›·, appleÔ˘ appleÚÔ·appleÙÂÈ Î·Ù¿ ÙËÓ ‰È‰·Ûηϛ· ÙˆÓ ÂÚÁ·ÛÙËÚÈ·ÎÒÓ Ì·ıËÌ¿ÙˆÓappleÔ˘ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ ·˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ ÂÓÙÔapple›˙ÂÙ·È Î˘Ú›ˆ˜ Û ÙÚ›· ÛËÌ›·. ÚÒÙ· ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Ë ¤ÏÏÂÈ„Ë ıˆÚËÙÈ΋˜˘appleÔ‰ÔÌ‹˜. ŒappleÂÈÙ· Â›Ó·È Ë ·‰˘Ó·Ì›· ηٷÛ΢‹˜ ÙˆÓ ÂÚÁ·ÛÙËÚÈ·ÎÒÓ ·Û΋ÛÂˆÓ appleÔ˘ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ˘ÏÔappleÔÈËıÔ‡ÓÌ ‚¿ÛË ÙÔÓ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÔÓÙ· ÂÚÁ·ÛÙËÚÈ·Îfi ÂÍÔappleÏÈÛÌfi Î·È Ù¤ÏÔ˜ Â›Ó·È Ë ‰˘Û¯¤ÚÂÈ· ÛÙËÓ ˘ÏÔappleÔ›ËÛË ÙˆÓ ÂÚÁ·ÛÙË-ÚÈ·ÎÒÓ ·Û΋ÛÂˆÓ appleÔ˘ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔÓ ÂοÛÙÔÙ ÂÚÁ·ÛÙËÚÈ·Îfi Ô‰ËÁfi, ÏfiÁˆ ÙÔ˘ fiÙÈ ·˘Ùfi˜ ‰ÂÓ ¤¯ÂÈ Û˘Á-ÁÚ·Ê› Ì ‚¿ÛË ÙÔÓ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÔÓÙ· ÂÍÔappleÏÈÛÌfi ÙˆÓ ÂÚÁ·ÛÙËÚ›ˆÓ.∏ ıˆÚËÙÈ΋ ηٿÚÙÈÛË ·ÓÙÈÌÂÙˆapple›˙ÂÙ·È ÛÙ·‰È·Î¿, ·ÊÔ‡ Ë appleÏËÚÔÊÔÚ›· appleÈ· ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ, Ì ‡ÎÔÏË appleÚfiÛ‚·ÛËÛ fiÏÔ˘˜. ŒÓÙÔÓÔ apple·Ú·Ì¤ÓÂÈ ÙÔ appleÚfi‚ÏËÌ· ÛÙÔ ÂÚÁ·ÛÙËÚÈ·Îfi ̤ÚÔ˜. Œ¯Ô˘Ì ÙËÓ appleÂappleÔ›ıËÛË fiÙÈ ÙÔ ‚ȂϛԷ˘Ùfi, ı· ‚ÔËı‹ÛÂÈ ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ Ó· ·ÓÙÈÌÂÙˆapple›ÛÔ˘Ó ÙȘ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ ‰˘ÛÎÔϛ˜ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÎapple·È-‰Â˘fiÌÂÓÔ˘˜ Ó· ·ÓÙ·appleÔÎÚÈıÔ‡Ó ÛÙȘ ·˘ÍË̤Ó˜ ·apple·ÈÙ‹ÛÂȘ appleÔ˘ ÂappleÈ‚¿ÏÂÈ Ë Ó¤· Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›·. √È ·Û΋ÛÂȘ appleÔ˘appleÂÚȤ¯ÂÈ, ¤¯Ô˘Ó ‰ÔÌËı› Ì ‚¿ÛË ¤Ó· ·˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ fiappleÔ˘ ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· ·appleÔÙÂϤÛÂÈ ÎÔÈÓfi apple·Ú·ÓÔÌ·ÛÙ‹, ·ÊÔ‡ ˘apple¿Ú-¯ÂÈ Û appleÔÏÏ¿ ¯ÔÏÈο ∂ÚÁ·ÛÙËÚȷο ∫¤ÓÙÚ· (.∂.∫.) Ù˘ ¯ÒÚ·˜ ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ¯ÔÏÈο ∂ÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈ·. ¢˘ÛÙ˘¯Ò˜ ›ӷÈappleÔχ ‰‡ÛÎÔÏÔ Ó· Î·Ï˘Êı› Û ¤Ó· ‚È‚Ï›Ô fiÏÔ ÙÔ Ê¿ÛÌ· ÙˆÓ ·˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙˆÓ. ÿÛˆ˜ fï˜ Â›Ó·È Î·È appleÂÚÈÙÙfi ·ÊÔ‡·˘Ùfi Â›Ó·È ·ÓÙÈΛÌÂÓÔ Ù˘ ÂÍÂȉ›Î¢Û˘ Î·È fi¯È Ù˘ ÂÎapple·›‰Â˘Û˘. ∂›Ó·È ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎfi ÔÈ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘fiÌÂÓÔÈ Ó· ÌappleÔ-Ú¤ÛÔ˘Ó Ó· ÂÓÙÚ˘Ê‹ÛÔ˘Ó ÛÙÔÓ ÙÚfiappleÔ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙˆÓ Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓˆÓ ·˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙˆÓ. ∂apple›Û˘ ÂÍ›ÛÔ˘ ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎfi ›ӷÈË ÂÍÔÈΛˆÛË Ì ٷ Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓ· ̤۷ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ Ù˘ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙˆÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹ÚˆÓ. ∞ÎfiÌË Â›Ó·È Û¯ÂÙÈο ‡ÎÔÏÔ ÁÈ·ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÎapple·È‰Â˘ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ Ó· appleÚÔÛ·ÚÌfiÛÔ˘Ó ÙȘ ·Û΋ÛÂȘ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú˜ appleÔ˘ ‰È·ı¤ÙÔ˘Ó ÛÙÔ ÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈfi ÙÔ˘˜.ªÂÙ¿ ·applefi ·ÚÎÂÙ‹ appleÚÔÛapple¿ıÂÈ· ηٷʤڷÌ ӷ Û˘ÏϤÍÔ˘Ì ÙȘ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙ˜ appleÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜, appleÔ˘ ·apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÓÙ·ÈÁÈ· ¤Ó· Û‡ÓÔÏÔ ÂÚÁ·ÛÙËÚÈ·ÎÒÓ ·Û΋ÛˆÓ, appleÔ˘ ·ÊÔÚÔ‡Ó ÛÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Ó¤·˜ Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›·˜. ∏ ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ· ʛψÓÌ˯·ÓÈÎÒÓ, ‹Ù·Ó ¯Ú‹ÛÈÌË ÁÈ· Ó· Á›ÓÔ˘Ó ÔÈ ·Û΋ÛÂȘ ·˘Ù¤˜ appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÈ̘. ∏ ÂÌappleÂÈÚ›· Ì·˜ ÁÈ· appleÔÏÏ¿ ¯Úfi-ÓÈ· ÛÙË ‰È‰·Ûηϛ· ÙÔ˘ ›‰ÈÔ˘ ·ÓÙÈÎÂÈ̤ÓÔ˘ Î·È Ë Û˘ÓÂÚÁ·Û›· Ì ·ÍÈfiÏÔÁÔ˘˜ Û˘Ó·‰¤ÏÊÔ˘˜, Ì·˜ ˘apple·ÁfiÚ¢Û ÙÔÓÙÚfiappleÔ appleÔ˘ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ‰ÔÌËıÔ‡Ó ÔÈ ·Û΋ÛÂȘ. ªÂ fiÏ· ·˘Ù¿ Î·È appleÔχ ÌÂÚ¿ÎÈ ÁÚ¿ÊÙËΠ·˘Ùfi˜ Ô Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓÔ˜ÂÚÁ·ÛÙËÚÈ·Îfi˜ Ô‰ËÁfi˜ appleÔ˘ Îڷٿ٠ÛÙ· ¯¤ÚÈ· Û·˜.∂Ïapple›˙Ô˘Ì ÙÔ ‚È‚Ï›Ô Ó· ·ÓÙ·appleÔÎÚÈı› ÛÙȘ appleÚÔÛ‰Ô˘ Û·˜.9


KEºA§AIO 1√ƒ°∞¡∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À1.1 ÔχÌÂÙÚÔ1.2 ƒÔfiÌÂÙÚÔ1.3 Break Out Box


14 KEºA§AIO 1: OP°ANA E§E°XOYO§YMETPOºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN


1.1 O§YMETPO 15O§YMETPOºY§§O §HPOºOPIøNON OFF¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔ›ËÛ˘ Î·È ·appleÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔ›ËÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ÔÚÁ¿ÓÔ˘. ∂Ӊ›ÎÓ˘Ù·È, ÁÈ· ÌÂÁ·-χÙÂÚË ‰È¿ÚÎÂÈ· ˙ˆ‹˜ Ù˘ Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜, Ë Û˘Û΢‹ Ó· apple·Ú·Ì¤ÓÂÈ ÎÏÂÈÛÙ‹ fiÙ·Ó ‰Â ¯ÚË-ÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ›ٷÈ.ÂÚÈÛÙÚÂÊfiÌÂÓÔ˜ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ¤·˜. ª·˜ ‰›ÓÂÈ ÙË ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ· Ó· appleÚÔÂÙÔÈÌ¿ÛÔ˘Ì ÙÔ appleÔχ-ÌÂÙÚÔ appleÚÔÎÂÈ̤ÓÔ˘ Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ۈÛÙ¿ ÙÔ Ì¤ÁÂıÔ˜ appleÔ˘ ÂappleÈı˘ÌÔ‡ÌÂ.øhFEPNP NPNV…ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂˆÓ ˆÌÈ΋˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘. ∆ÔappleÔıÂÙÒÓÙ·˜ ÙÔÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ¤· ÛÙÔ ·ÚÈÛÙÂÚfi̤ÚÔ˜ Ù˘ appleÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜ ÌappleÔÚԇ̠ӷ οÓÔ˘Ì ˯ËÙÈο ÙÔÓ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô Ù˘ Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ·˜ ÂÓfi˜ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎÔ‡ ΢ÎÏÒÌ·ÙÔ˜. ÙȘ ˘applefiÏÔÈapple˜ ı¤ÛÂȘ Ù˘ appleÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜ (200, 2 ∫, 20 ∫, 200 ∫,2 ª, 20 ª, 200 ª) ÌappleÔÚԇ̠ӷ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙËÓ ˆÌÈ΋ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË appleÂÚÈÛÙÚ¤ÊÔÓÙ·˜ÙÔÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ¤· ÛÙËÓ Î·Ù¿ÏÏËÏË ı¤ÛË ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ Ù˘ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘.ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÙˆÓ ÙÚ·Ó˙›ÛÙÔÚ˜. ∏ Û˘Û΢‹ Ì·˜ ‰›ÓÂÈ ÙËÓ ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ· Ó· ÂϤÁÍÔ˘-ÌÂ Î·È ÙÔ˘˜ ‰‡Ô Ù‡appleÔ˘˜ ÙÚ·Ó˙›ÛÙÔÚ˜ PNP Î·È NPN ÙÔappleÔıÂÙÒÓÙ·˜ ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ÙÚ·Ó˙›ÛÙÔÚ ÛÙȘ ηٿÏÏËϘ ˘appleÔ‰Ô¯¤˜ ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙÔÓ Ù‡appleÔ ÙÔ˘.ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂˆÓ Û˘Ó¯ԇ˜ Ù¿Û˘. °È· Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘ÌÂ Û˘Ó¯‹ Ù¿ÛË ÙÔappleÔıÂÙÔ‡ÌÂÙÔÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ¤· Û οappleÔÈ· ·applefi ÙȘ ı¤ÛÂȘ ·˘Ù‹˜ Ù˘ appleÂÚÈÔ¯‹˜ (200 m, 2, 20, 200, 1000)·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙÔ Ì¤ÁÂıÔ˜ Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘ appleÔ˘ appleÚfiÎÂÈÙ·È Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘ÌÂ.V~ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂˆÓ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·ÛÛfiÌÂÓ˘ Ù¿Û˘. ŸÙ·Ó appleÚfiÎÂÈÙ·È Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÂÓ·Ï-Ï·ÛÛfiÌÂÓË Ù¿ÛË ÙÔappleÔıÂÙԇ̠ÙÔÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ¤· Û ·˘Ù‹ ÙËÓ appleÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Î·È ÛÙËÓ Î·Ù¿ÏÏË-ÏË ı¤ÛË ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙÔ Ì¤ÁÂıÔ˜ Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘.C£¤ÛË Ì¤ÙÚËÛ˘ Ù˘ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜.A~ ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ̤ÙÚËÛ˘ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·ÛÛfiÌÂÓÔ˘ Ú‡̷ÙÔ˜.A…FCxV/øCOMmAÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ̤ÙÚËÛ˘ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ Û˘Ó¯ԇ˜ Ú‡̷ÙÔ˜.ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ̤ÙÚËÛ˘ Ù˘ ¯ˆÚËÙÈÎfiÙËÙ·˜ apple˘ÎÓˆÙ‹.ÀappleÔ‰Ô¯‹ ÛÙËÓ ÔappleÔ›· ÙÔappleÔıÂÙԇ̠ÙÔÓ ÎfiÎÎÈÓÔ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙË ÙÔ˘ appleÔÏ˘Ì¤ÙÚÔ˘ fiÙ·Óı¤ÏÔ˘Ì ӷ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ٿÛË V (Û˘Ó¯‹ ‹ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·ÛÛfiÌÂÓË) ‹ ˆÌÈ΋ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ø.ÀappleÔ‰Ô¯‹ ÛÙËÓ ÔappleÔ›· ÙÔappleÔıÂÙԇ̠ÙÔÓ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙË Ì ÙÔ Î·ÏÒ‰ÈÔ Ì·‡ÚÔ˘ ¯ÚÒÌ·ÙÔ˜.ÙËÓ ˘appleÔ‰Ô¯‹ ·˘Ù‹ ÙÔappleÔıÂÙԇ̠ÙÔÓ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙË ÎfiÎÎÈÓÔ˘ ¯ÚÒÌ·ÙÔ˜ fiÙ·Ó ı¤ÏÔ˘ÌÂÓ· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ۯÂÙÈο ÌÈÎÚ¤˜ ÙÈ̤˜ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ Ú‡̷ÙÔ˜ (Ù˘ Ù¿Í˘ ÙˆÓ mA).20 A MAX ÙËÓ ˘appleÔ‰Ô¯‹ ·˘Ù‹ ÙÔappleÔıÂÙԇ̠ÙÔÓ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙË ÎfiÎÎÈÓÔ˘ ¯ÚÒÌ·ÙÔ˜ fiÙ·Ó ı¤ÏÔ˘ÌÂÓ· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙÈ̤˜ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ Ú‡̷ÙÔ˜ appleÔ˘ ‰ÂÓ ÍÂappleÂÚÓÔ‡Ó Ù· 20∞.


16 KEºA§AIO 1: OP°ANA E§E°XOYO§YMETPOºY§§O §HPOºOPIøNª√¡∞¢∂ ª∂∆ƒ∏∏ª∂°∂£√ ª√¡∞¢∞ À√√§§∞§∞π∞ √§§∞§∞π∞∆∞∏ V ÌV mV kV MVVolt 0,000001 V 0,001 V 1000 V 1000000 V∂¡∆∞∏ A Ì∞ mA kA MAAmpere 0,000001 ∞ 0,001 A 1000 A 1000000 A∞¡∆π∆∞∏ ø Ìø mø kø ªøOhm 0,000001 ø 0,001 ø 1000 ø 1000000 øÃ∏∏ ∆√À √§Àª∂∆ƒ√À ª∂ Ã∂πƒ√∫π¡∏∆√ ∂π§√°∂∞ ∫§πª∞∫∞ŸÙ·Ó ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈԇ̠ÁÈ· appleÚÒÙË ÊÔÚ¿ ÌÈ· ¿ÁÓˆÛÙË Û˘Û΢‹ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· Û˘Ì‚Ô˘Ï¢fiÌ·ÛÙ ÙȘ Ô‰ËÁ›Â˜ appleÔ˘appleÚԂϤappleÂÈ Ô Î·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙ‹˜ ÁÈ· ‰È΋ Ì·˜ ·ÛÊ¿ÏÂÈ·, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÁÈ· ÙËÓ appleÚÔÛÙ·Û›· ÙÔ˘ ÔÚÁ¿ÓÔ˘ Î·È ÙˆÓÂÍ·ÚÙËÌ¿ÙˆÓ appleÔ˘ ı¤ÏÔ˘Ì ӷ ÂϤÁÍÔ˘ÌÂ.°È· Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÌÈ· ̤ÙÚËÛË Ì ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ ·Ú¯Èο Ó· appleÚÔÂÙÔÈÌ¿ÛÔ˘Ì ÙË Û˘Û΢‹. ∏appleÚÔÂÙÔÈÌ·Û›· ·˘Ù‹ ¤ÁÎÂÈÙ·È ÛÙËÓ ÙÔappleÔı¤ÙËÛË ÙˆÓ ·ÎÚÔ‰ÂÎÙÒÓ ÛÙȘ ηٿÏÏËϘ ˘appleÔ‰Ô¯¤˜, ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙÔ̤ÁÂıÔ˜ appleÔ˘ ı¤ÏÔ˘Ì ӷ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì (Ù¿ÛË, ¤ÓÙ·ÛË, ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË, ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›· Î.Ïapple.). ∂apple›Û˘ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· appleÂÚÈ-ÛÙÚ¤„Ô˘Ì ÙÔÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ¤· ÛÙËÓ Î·Ù¿ÏÏËÏË appleÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Î·È ı¤ÛË, ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ ÙÔ˘ ÌÂÁ¤ıÔ˘˜ appleÔ˘ appleÚfiÎÂÈ-Ù·È Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘ÌÂ. ∞ÊÔ‡ ¤¯Ô˘Ì ڢıÌ›ÛÂÈ ÛˆÛÙ¿ ÙË Û˘Û΢‹ ‰ÂÓ ¤¯Ô˘Ì apple·Ú¿ Ó· ÙËÓ ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ηÈÓ· ÙÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙ˜ ÛÙ· ÛËÌ›· appleÔ˘ ı¤ÏÔ˘Ì ӷ appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙË Ì¤ÙÚËÛË.


1.1 O§YMETPO 17ƒ√√Ã∏O§YMETPOºY§§O §HPOºOPIøNñ°È· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂȘ Ù¿Û˘ (Û˘Ó¯ԇ˜ ‹ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·ÛÛfiÌÂÓ˘), ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· ÛÙÔ·Îψ̷.ñ°È· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂȘ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙÔ˘Ì ÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ Î·È Û˘Ó‰¤Ô˘Ì ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ Û ÛÂÈÚ¿. ÃÚÂÈ¿˙ÂÙ·Èȉȷ›ÙÂÚË appleÚÔÛÔ¯‹ ¤ÙÛÈ ÒÛÙ ӷ ÌË Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÔ˘Ì ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· ÁÈ·Ù› ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Î›Ó‰˘ÓÔ˜Ó· ηٷÛÙÚ·Ê›.


18 KEºA§AIO 1: OP°ANA E§E°XOYO§YMETPOºY§§O §HPOºOPIøNñ°È· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂȘ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ Ì ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ ÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ ‰ÂÓ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ‰È·ÚÚ¤ÂÙ·È ·applefi Ú‡̷.∂apple›Û˘ ÁÈ· Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ۈÛÙ¿ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÂÓfi˜ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ‹ ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈËÙ‹ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ¤¯Ô˘Ì·appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÂÈ ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ÁÈ·Ù› ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ appleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË ÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ appleÔ˘ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘Ì ӷ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Î·ÈÌ ¿ÏÏ· ΢ÎÏÒÌ·Ù·.ÙȘ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ÂÈÎfiÓ˜ Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È Ô ÙÚfiappleÔ˜ Û‡Ó‰ÂÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ˘ ÁÈ· ÙË Ì¤ÙÚËÛË Ù¿Û˘ Î·È ˆÌÈ΋˜·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ‰È·ÊfiÚˆÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹ÚˆÓ ÙÔ˘ ·˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘ Ó¤·˜ Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›·˜:ª¤ÙÚËÛË Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÔ˘ Âapple·ÁˆÁÈÎÔ‡·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÛÙÚÔÊÒÓ.ª¤ÙÚËÛË Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘ (Û‹Ì·)ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ì¿˙·˜.


1.1 O§YMETPO 19O§YMETPOºY§§O §HPOºOPIøNª¤ÙÚËÛË Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜Ù˘ ‚·Ï‚›‰·˜ appleÚfiÛıÂÙÔ˘ ·¤Ú·(‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÌÔÙ¤Ú).ª¤ÙÚËÛË Ù˘ ˆÌÈ΋˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ Î·È Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘(Û‹Ì·) ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ „˘ÎÙÈÎÔ‡˘ÁÚÔ‡.ª¤ÙÚËÛË Ù˘ ˆÌÈ΋˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ÙÔ˘ ÌappleÂÎ.


20 KEºA§AIO 1: OP°ANA E§E°XOY∞∫∏∏ 1O§YMETPOºY§§O EP°OYÎÔapplefi˜: ¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ› ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ appleÚÔÎÂÈ̤ÓÔ˘ Ó·appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› Û ËÏÂÎÙÚÈο ΢ÎÏÒÌ·Ù· Î·È ÂÍ·ÚÙ‹Ì·Ù· ·˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂȘ·) Ù¿Û˘ ‚) ˆÌÈ΋˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ Á) ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ Ú‡̷ÙÔ˜ .∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ2. ∫·Ï҉ȷ ·Ó·ÊÏÂÎÙ‹Ú·3. ∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ó¤·˜ Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›·˜ÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:ª¤ÙÚËÛË Û˘Ó¯ԇ˜ Ù¿Û˘1. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙ˜ ÛÙȘ ηٿÏÏËϘ ˘appleÔ‰Ô¯¤˜ ÙÔ˘ appleÔÏ˘Ì¤ÙÚÔ˘.2. ªÂ ‰Â‰Ô̤ÓÔ fiÙÈ Ë Ù¿ÛË Ù˘ Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ Â›Ó·È Û˘Ó¯‹˜ Î·È appleÂÚ›appleÔ˘ 12 V, ÙÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÙ ÙÔÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ¤· ÙÔ˘appleÔÏ˘Ì¤ÙÚÔ˘ ÛÙËÓ appleÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Ù˘ Û˘Ó¯ԇ˜ Ù¿Û˘ Î·È ÛÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ ÙˆÓ 20 V.3. ∂ÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÙ ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ.4. ∆ÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÙ ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÔÚÁ¿ÓÔ˘ ÛÙÔ˘˜ applefiÏÔ˘˜ Ù˘ Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ Î·È ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË Ù˘V=________ .5. ∞ÏÏ¿ÍÙ ÙË ı¤ÛË ÙˆÓ ·ÎÚÔ‰ÂÎÙÒÓ apple¿Óˆ ÛÙÔ˘˜ applefiÏÔ˘˜ Ù˘ Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ Î·È ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË Ù˘V=________ .ª¤ÙÚËÛË ˆÌÈ΋˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘1. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙ˜ ÛÙȘ ηٿÏÏËϘ ˘appleÔ‰Ô¯¤˜ ÙÔ˘ appleÔÏ˘Ì¤ÙÚÔ˘.2. ∆ÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÙ ÙÔÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ¤· ÙÔ˘ appleÔÏ˘Ì¤ÙÚÔ˘ ÛÙËÓ appleÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Ù˘ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ÂappleÈϤÁÔÓÙ·˜ ÙË ı¤ÛË Ì ÙËÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚË Îϛ̷η.3. ∂ÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÙ ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ.4. ∆ÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÙ ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÔÚÁ¿ÓÔ˘ ÛÙ· ¿ÎÚ· ÙÔ˘ ÌappleÔ˘˙ÔηÏÒ‰ÈÔ˘.5. ÂÚÈÛÙÚ¤„Ù ‚‹Ì·-‚‹Ì· ÙÔÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ¤· appleÚÔ˜ ÙȘ ÌÈÎÚfiÙÂÚ˜ Îϛ̷Θ ̤¯ÚÈ Ó· ÂÌÊ·ÓÈÛÙ› ÛÙËÓ ÔıfiÓË ËÙÈÌ‹ Ù˘ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ R=________ .ª¤ÙÚËÛË ¤ÓÙ·Û˘1. §·Ì‚¿ÓÔÓÙ·˜ ˘applefi„Ë fiÙÈ Ë ÙÈÌ‹ Ù˘ ÌÂÙÚÔ‡ÌÂÓ˘ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ Â›Ó·È Û¯ÂÙÈο ÌÂÁ¿ÏË. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤-ÎÙ˜ ÛÙȘ ηٿÏÏËϘ ˘appleÔ‰Ô¯¤˜ ÙÔ˘ appleÔÏ˘Ì¤ÙÚÔ˘2. ∆ÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÙ ÙÔÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ¤· ÛÙËÓ appleÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Ù˘ Û˘Ó¯ԇ˜ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ Î·È ÛÙË ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚË ÙÈÌ‹ appleÔ˘ ¤¯ÂÈ ÙÔappleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ.3. ∂ÓÙÔapple›ÛÙ ÛÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ÙËÓ ·ÛÊ¿ÏÂÈ· Ù˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘.4. ªÂ ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ·Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·ÛÊ¿ÏÂÈ·.5. ∆ÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÙ ÛÙ·ıÂÚ¿ ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙ˜ ÙÔ˘ appleÔÏ˘Ì¤ÙÚÔ˘ ÛÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ appleÔ˘ ˘apple‹Ú¯Â Ë ·ÛÊ¿ÏÂÈ·.6. ∂ÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÙ ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ, Î·È Ì ·ÓÔÈÎÙfi ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË, ηٷÁÚ¿„Ù ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ Ù˘ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ ÙÔ˘ Ú‡̷-ÙÔ˜ appleÔ˘ ·appleÔÚÚÔÊ¿ Ë ·ÓÙÏ›· ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘ I =________ .


1.1 O§YMETPO 21∂ƒø∆∏∂πO§YMETPOºY§§O EP°OY1. °È· ÙË Ì¤ÙÚËÛË Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘ Ù˘ Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ Û˘Ó‰¤Ô˘Ì ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ Û ÛÂÈÚ¿.ø∆√§∞£√2. ŸÙ·Ó ÌÂÙÚ¿Ì ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË Ì ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ ÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ ‰ÂÓ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ‰È·ÚÚ¤ÂÙ·È ·applefi Ú‡̷.ø∆√§∞£√3. ∆· 2 ªø Â›Ó·È appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚ· ·applefi Ù· 5 ∫ø.ø∆√§∞£√4. ∆ÔappleÔıÂÙÒÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙ˜ ÙÔ˘ „ËÊÈ·ÎÔ‡ appleÔÏ˘Ì¤ÙÚÔ˘ Ì ϿıÔ˜ appleÔÏÈÎfiÙËÙ· apple¿Óˆ ÛÙÔ˘˜ applefiÏÔ˘˜Ù˘ Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ apple·›ÚÓÔ˘Ì ۈÛÙ‹ ̤ÙÚËÛË.ø∆√§∞£√5. ∆· 12 V Â›Ó·È ›Û· Ì 1200 mV.ø∆√§∞£√6. °È· ÙËÓ Ì¤ÙÚËÛË Ù˘ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ ÙÔ˘ Ú‡̷ÙÔ˜ appleÔ˘ ‰È·ÚÚ¤ÂÈ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙÏ›·, Û˘Ó‰¤Ô˘Ì ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ apple·Ú¿ÏÏË-Ï· ÛÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ·Îψ̷ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.ø∆√§∞£√7. ∆· 1000 mA Â›Ó·È ›Û· Ì 1 ∞.ø∆√§∞£√8. ŸÙ·Ó ‰ÂÓ ÁÓˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ì ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ Ù˘ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ appleÔ˘ appleÚfiÎÂÈÙ·È Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙfiÙ ÍÂÎÈÓ¿Ì ÙÔÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ¤··applefi ÙË ____________ ÙÈÌ‹ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ appleÔ˘ ¤¯ÂÈ ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ Î·È ÙÔÓ appleÂÚÈÛÙÚ¤ÊÔ˘Ì ÛÙ·‰È·Î¿ appleÚÔ˜ ÙȘ______________ ÙÈ̤˜.9. ∞Ó Ë ·ÛÊ¿ÏÂÈ· appleÔ˘ ·Ê·ÈÚ¤Û·Ù ‹Ù·Ó 25 ∞, ı· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈÔ‡Û·Ù ÙËÓ Ì¤ÙÚËÛË.∂ÍËÁ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·apple¿ÓÙËÛË Û·˜.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


22 KEºA§AIO 1: OP°ANA E§E°XOYO§YMETPOºY§§O EP°AIA∞) ËÌÂÈÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ ·‡ÍÔÓÙ· ·ÚÈıÌfi ÙˆÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ appleÚÔÙ¿ÛÂˆÓ apple¿Óˆ ÛÙËÓ ÂÈÎfiÓ· 1.1. £¤ÛË Ì¤ÙÚËÛ˘ Ù˘ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜.2. ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ̤ÙÚËÛ˘ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ Û˘Ó¯ԇ˜ Ú‡̷ÙÔ˜.3. ¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔ›ËÛ˘ Î·È ·appleÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔ›ËÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ÔÚÁ¿ÓÔ˘.4. ÂÚÈÛÙÚÂÊfiÌÂÓÔ˜ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ¤·˜.5. ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂˆÓ ˆÌÈ΋˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘.6. ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÙˆÓ ÙÚ·Ó˙›ÛÙÔÚ˜.7. ÀappleÔ‰Ô¯‹, ÛÙËÓ ÔappleÔ›· ÙÔappleÔıÂÙԇ̠ÙÔÓ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙË ÎfiÎÎÈÓÔ˘ ¯ÚÒÌ·ÙÔ˜ fiÙ·Ó ı¤ÏÔ˘Ì ӷ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘ÌÂÙÈ̤˜ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ Ú‡̷ÙÔ˜ appleÔ˘ ‰ÂÓ ÍÂappleÂÚÓÔ‡Ó Ù· 20 ∞.8. ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂˆÓ Û˘Ó¯ԇ˜ Ù¿Û˘.9. ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂˆÓ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·ÛÛfiÌÂÓ˘ Ù¿Û˘.10. ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ̤ÙÚËÛ˘ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·ÛÛfiÌÂÓÔ˘ Ú‡̷ÙÔ˜.11. ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ̤ÙÚËÛ˘ Ù˘ ¯ˆÚËÙÈÎfiÙËÙ·˜ apple˘ÎÓˆÙ‹.12. ÀappleÔ‰Ô¯‹, ÛÙËÓ ÔappleÔ›· ÙÔappleÔıÂÙԇ̠ÙÔÓ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙË ÎfiÎÎÈÓÔ˘ ¯ÚÒÌ·ÙÔ˜, fiÙ·Ó ı¤ÏÔ˘Ì ӷ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘ÌÂÛ¯ÂÙÈο ÌÈÎÚ¤˜ ÙÈ̤˜ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ Ú‡̷ÙÔ˜ (Ù˘ Ù¿Í˘ ÙˆÓ mA).13. ÀappleÔ‰Ô¯‹, ÛÙËÓ ÔappleÔ›· ÙÔappleÔıÂÙԇ̠ÙÔÓ ÎfiÎÎÈÓÔ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙË ÙÔ˘ appleÔÏ˘Ì¤ÙÚÔ˘, fiÙ·Ó ı¤ÏÔ˘Ì ӷ ÌÂÙÚ‹-ÛÔ˘Ì ٿÛË V (Û˘Ó¯‹ ‹ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·ÛÛfiÌÂÓË) ‹ ˆÌÈ΋ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ø.14. ÀappleÔ‰Ô¯‹, ÛÙËÓ ÔappleÔ›· ÙÔappleÔıÂÙԇ̠ÙÔÓ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙË Ì ÙÔ Î·ÏÒ‰ÈÔ Ì·‡ÚÔ˘ ¯ÚÒÌ·ÙÔ˜.µ) ·Ú·ÙËÚ‹ÛÙ appleÚÔÛÂÎÙÈο ÙËÓ ÂÈÎfiÓ· 2, ÛÙËÓ ÔappleÔ›· Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È Ô ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ οappleÔÈÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÙÔ˘ ·˘ÙÔÎÈ-Ó‹ÙÔ˘ Ì ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ. ÔÈÔ ·applefi Ù· ÙÚ›· ÌÂÁ¤ıË (·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË, Ù¿ÛË, ¤ÓÙ·ÛË) appleÈÛÙ‡ÂÙ fiÙÈ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ÌÂ;¢ÈηÈÔÏÔÁ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·apple¿ÓÙËÛË Û·˜.


1.1 O§YMETPO 23O§YMETPOºY§§O EP°AIAEÈÎfiÓ· 1EÈÎfiÓ· 2


24 KEºA§AIO 1: OP°ANA E§E°XOYPOOMETPOºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN√ƒ°∞¡√ ª∂∆ƒ∏∏ ƒ√∏ ∫∞π π∂∏ ∫∞Àπª√À√ ·Ó·Ï˘Ù‹˜ ÚÔ‹˜ Î·È apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ Â›Ó·È Ì›· ÌÈÎÚ‹ Î·È Â‡¯ÚËÛÙË Û˘Û΢‹. ∞appleÔÙÂÏÂ›Ù·È ·applefi Ù¤ÛÛÂÚ·fiÚÁ·Ó·:1. ŸÚÁ·ÓÔ Ì¤ÙÚËÛ˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.2. ŸÚÁ·ÓÔ Ì¤ÙÚËÛ˘ Ù˘ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘ Ù˘ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹˜ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜.3. ŸÚÁ·ÓÔ Ì¤ÙÚËÛ˘ Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û·ÂÚ›ˆÓ.4. ŸÚÁ·ÓÔ Ì¤ÙÚËÛ˘ Ù˘ ÚÔ‹˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.ŸÏ· Ù· fiÚÁ·Ó· ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È ÙÔappleÔıÂÙË̤ӷ Û ÌÈ· ÂÓÈ·›· ‚¿ÛË. ∏ Û˘Û΢‹ ‰È·Ù›ıÂÙ·È ÛÙÔ ÂÌapplefiÚÈÔ Ì·˙› ÌÂfiÏ· Ù· ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙ· ÂÍ·ÚÙ‹Ì·Ù· (Ú·ÎfiÚ, ÛˆÏËÓÒÛÂȘ, ·ÓÙ¿appleÙÔÚ˜, Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÌÔ˘˜ Î.Ïapple.), appleÚÔÎÂÈ̤ÓÔ˘ Ó· Û˘Ó-‰¤ÂÙ·È Â‡ÎÔÏ· Î·È Ì ·ÛÊ¿ÏÂÈ· ÛÙ· ‰È¿ÊÔÚ· ÛËÌ›· ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·, ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙÔÓ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô appleÔ˘ ı¤ÏÔ˘Ì ӷ appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÔ˘ÌÂ.Ÿappleˆ˜ ÁÓˆÚ›˙Ô˘ÌÂ, ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ‰ÔÌ‹˜ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ÙÚfiappleÔ˘ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ˘appleÔÛ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ η˘Û›-ÌÔ˘ ÂÓfi˜ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Ó¤·˜ Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›·˜, ‰ÂÓ ¤¯Ô˘Ì ÙË ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ̤ۈ ÙˆÓ ‰È·ÁÓˆÛÙÈÎÒÓ Û˘Û΢ÒÓ(testers). ŒÙÛÈ, Ô Ù¯ÓÈÎfi˜, fiÙ·Ó ·Ó·˙ËÙ¿ Ì›· ‚Ï¿‚Ë appleÔ˘ Û¯ÂÙ›˙ÂÙ·È Ì ÙÔ Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤ÓÔ ˘appleÔÛ‡ÛÙËÌ·, Ìapple·›-ÓÂÈ Û ̛· ¯ÚÔÓÔ‚fiÚ· Î·È ‰‡ÛÎÔÏË ‰È·‰Èηۛ· appleÚÔÎÂÈ̤ÓÔ˘ Ó· ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÛÂÈ ÙËÓ ·ÈÙ›· ÙÔ˘ appleÚÔ‚Ï‹Ì·ÙÔ˜. ∏¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔ›ËÛË Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜, apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· Ì ÙËÓ ‰È¢ÎfiÏ˘ÓÛË ÛÙÔÓ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô, Ì·˜ ‚ÔËı¿ÂÈ ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ÂappleÔappleÙÈ-ÎfiÙËÙ·˜ appleÔ˘ ¤¯ÂÈ, Ó· ηٷÓÔ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙÔÓ ÙÚfiappleÔ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙˆÓ ÂappleÈ̤ÚÔ˘˜ ÂÍ·ÚÙËÌ¿ÙˆÓ ÙÔ˘ ˘appleÔÛ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·-ÙÔ˜ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘. ∂apple›Û˘, ÌappleÔÚԇ̠ӷ apple·Ú·ÙËÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙËÓ ·ÏÏËÏÂÍ¿ÚÙËÛË ÙˆÓ ÌÂÁÂıÒÓ:ñ apple›ÂÛË Î·˘Û›ÌÔ˘,ñ apple›ÂÛË Î·˘Û·ÂÚ›ˆÓ,ñ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛË appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹˜ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜,ñ ÚÔ‹ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ηٿ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.·ÚÔ˘Û›·ÛË Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜°È· ÙË ÛˆÛÙ‹ ¯Ú‹ÛË Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ÁÓˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ì ٷ ̤ÚË appleÔ˘ ÙËÓ ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó Î·ıÒ˜ Î·È ÙÔ ÚfiÏÔappleÔ˘ ÂappleÈÙÂÏÔ‡Ó. ∞˘Ù¿ apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÔÓÙ·È ÛÙËÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ÂÈÎfiÓ·.34 561. ˆÏ‹Ó·˜ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.2. ˆÏ‹Ó·˜ ÂÍ·ÁˆÁ‹˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.3. ŸÚÁ·ÓÔ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘ÛÈÌÔ‡0 - 120 psi 0 - 700 Kpa.4. ŸÚÁ·ÓÔ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹˜ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜0 - 30 inHg 0 - 100 Kpa.5. ŸÚÁ·ÓÔ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û·ÂÚ›ˆÓ0 - 15 Psi 0 - 10000 Kpa.6. ŸÚÁ·ÓÔ ÚÔ‹˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘0,3 - 3,3 lit/min 0,1 - 0,87.12


1.2 POOMETPO 25POOMETPOºY§§O §HPOºOPIøNññññññ∞applefi ÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó· (1) ¤¯Ô˘Ì ÙËÓ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ Ù˘ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘ ̤۷ ÛÙË Û˘Û΢‹.∞applefi ÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó· (2) ÂͤگÂÙ·È ÙÔ Î·‡ÛÈÌÔ Î·È Ô‰ËÁÂ›Ù·È ÛÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ ÙÔ˘ ˘appleÔÛ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜.∆Ô appleÈÂÛfiÌÂÙÚÔ (3) Ì·˜ ‰Â›¯ÓÂÈ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ appleÔ˘ ÂappleÈÎÚ·Ù› ÛÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ ÙÔ˘ ˘appleÔÛ˘-ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜. ∏ ÙÈÌ‹ ·˘Ù‹ ÌÂÙ·‚¿ÏÏÂÙ·È ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙËÓ Î·Ù¿ÛÙ·ÛË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.∆Ô ˘appleÔappleÈÂÛfiÌÂÙÚÔ (4) Ì·˜ ‰Â›¯ÓÂÈ ÙËÓ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛË appleÔ˘ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙËÓ Î·Ù¿ÛÙ·ÛË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.∆Ô appleÈÂÛfiÌÂÙÚÔ (5) Ì·˜ appleÏËÚÔÊÔÚ› ÁÈ· ÙËÓ apple›ÂÛË ÙˆÓ Î·˘Û·ÂÚ›ˆÓ ÛÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ ÂÍ·ÁˆÁ‹˜.ÙÔ ‰È·Ê·Ó‹ ۈϋӷ (6) Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È Ë ÚÔ‹ (apple·ÚÔ¯‹) η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ηٿ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.π¡∞∫∞ ª√¡∞¢ø¡ π∂∏ª√¡∞¢∂ Pa bar psiPa – 0,00001 0,000142bar 100000 – 14,20psi 7040 0,0704 –‡Ó‰ÂÛË Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜ ÛÙÔ ˘appleÔÛ‡ÛÙËÌ· ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘∆Ô ˘appleÔÛ‡ÛÙËÌ· ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ› Ì ˘„ËÏ‹ Û¯ÂÙÈο apple›ÂÛË. °È· ·˘Ùfi ÙÔ ÏfiÁÔ ¯ÚÂÈ¿˙ÂÙ·È È‰È-·›ÙÂÚË appleÚÔÛÔ¯‹ ÛÙȘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÂȘ appleÔ˘ οÓÔ˘Ì appleÚÔÎÂÈ̤ÓÔ˘ Ó· ·appleÔʇÁÔ˘Ì appleÈı·Ó‹ ‰È·ÚÚÔ‹ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘, Ë ÔappleÔ›·Â‡ÎÔÏ· ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· ·Ó·ÊÏÂÁ›.∫·Ù¿ ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜ ı· appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· appleÚÔÛ¤ÍÔ˘Ì ٷ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ:ñ °È· Ó· Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÔ˘Ì–·appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÔ˘Ì ÙË Û˘Û΢‹ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ ÔappleˆÛ‰‹appleÔÙ ӷ ¤¯Ô˘Ì οÓÂÈ ÂÎÙfiÓˆÛË Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘.ñ ∏ Û˘Û΢‹ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· Â›Ó·È ÙÔappleÔıÂÙË̤ÓË Î¿ıÂÙ· ·applefi ÙËÓ ˘appleÔ‰Ô¯‹ appleÔ˘ ʤÚÂÈ.ñ √È ÛˆÏËÓÒÛÂȘ Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È Ì·ÎÚÈ¿ ·applefi ÎÈÓÔ‡ÌÂÓ· Î·È ıÂÚÌ¿ ̤ÚË ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.ñ ∫·Ù¿ ÙÔÓ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û·ÂÚ›ˆÓ Ó· ÌËÓ ÙÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ηٿ Ï¿ıÔ˜ ÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó· ÛÙÔ fiÚÁ·ÓÔ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘.ñ ¡· ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Â‡ÎÔÏË appleÚfiÛ‚·ÛË Û apple˘ÚÔÛ‚ÂÛÙ‹Ú·.


26 KEºA§AIO 1: OP°ANA E§E°XOYPOOMETPOºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN°È· Ó· Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÔ˘Ì ÙË Û˘Û΢‹ ÛÙÔ ˘appleÔÛ‡ÛÙËÌ· ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ıԇ̠ٷ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ‚‹Ì·Ù·:1. Ú·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈԇ̠ÂÎÙfiÓˆÛË ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ıÒÓÙ·˜ ÙȘ Ô‰ËÁ›Â˜ appleÔ˘ appleÚԂϤappleÂÈ Ô Î·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙ‹˜ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.2. ¢È·ÎfiappleÙÔ˘Ì ÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ ΢ÎÏÒÌ·ÙÔ˜ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ÛÙË ı¤ÛË appleÔ˘ ı¤ÏÔ˘ÌÂÓ· Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÔ˘Ì ÙË Û˘Û΢‹. ÚÔÙ›ÓÔÓÙ·È ‰‡Ô ı¤ÛÂȘ Û‡Ó‰ÂÛ˘:·) AÓ¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙÔ Ê›ÏÙÚÔ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘ Î·È ÛÙÔ ‰È·ÎÏ·‰ˆÙ‹Ú· (ÌappleÂÎȤڷ).YOIEHPOOMETPOMEKIEPAPY£MITHIEHBA§BI¢EæEKAMOYEIO¢OºI§TPOE•O¢OANT§IAø§HNE EITPOºH¢E•AMENH KAYIMOY‚) AÓ¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙÔ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ Î·È ÛÙË ‰ÂÍ·ÌÂÓ‹ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.ø§HNE POA°ø°H KAYIMOYMEKIEPAPY£MITHIEHºI§TPOPOOMETPOANT§IAEIO¢OE•O¢O3. ÃÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÒÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ηٿÏÏËÏÔ˘˜ Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÌÔ˘˜ apple·ÚÂÌ‚¿ÏÔ˘Ì ÙË Û˘Û΢‹ ÛÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰Ô-Û›·˜. ÃÚÂÈ¿˙ÂÙ·È appleÚÔÛÔ¯‹ ÁÈ· Ó· ÙÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ۈÛÙ¿ ÙËÓ Â›ÛÔ‰Ô Î·È ¤ÍÔ‰Ô ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ÛÙËÛ˘Û΢‹, Ì ‚¿ÛË Ù· ‚¤ÏË appleÔ˘ ‰Â›¯ÓÂÈ Ô Î·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙ‹˜ ÛÙÔ Î¿Ùˆ ̤ÚÔ˜ Ù˘ ‚¿Û˘ ÙÔ˘ ÔÚÁ¿ÓÔ˘.


1.2 POOMETPO 27POOMETPOºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 2ÎÔapplefi˜:∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:¡· ÌappleÔÚ› Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÈ ÙË Û˘Û΢‹ apple›ÂÛ˘ Î·È ÚÔ‹˜ ÛÙÔ ˘appleÔÛ‡ÛÙËÌ· ÙÚÔ-ÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Renault Clio II.1. ∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ Renault Clio II2. ˘Û΢‹ apple›ÂÛ˘ Î·È ÚÔ‹˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:ƒ√√Ã∏°È· appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚË ·ÛÊ¿ÏÂÈ· ÂӉ›ÎÓ˘Ù·È:ñ K·Ù¿ ÙË Û‡Ó‰ÂÛË Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜ Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ó· Â›Ó·È Û ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›· appleÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓÙÔ˜.ñ N· ¤¯Ô˘Ì ÔÏÔÎÏËÚÒÛÂÈ ÙËÓ ÂÎÙfiÓˆÛË Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ΢ÎÏÒÌ·ÙÔ˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘. ŒÓ·˜ ‡ÎÔÏÔ˜ ÙÚfiappleÔ˜ÂÎÙfiÓˆÛ˘ Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ Â›Ó·È Ó· ı¤ÛÔ˘Ì Û ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Î·È ÌÂÙ¿ Ó· ·Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÔ˘Ì ÙËÓ·ÛÊ¿ÏÂÈ· Ù˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘ ¤ÙÛÈ ÒÛÙÂ Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ó· Û‚‹ÛÂÈ ·applefi ¤ÏÏÂÈ„Ë Î·˘Û›ÌÔ˘.‡Ó‰ÂÛË Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜ ÛÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ Ù˘ ˘„ËÏ‹˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘1. ∞Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÙ ÙÔ appleÚÔÛٷ٢ÙÈÎfi ηapple¿ÎÈ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ÒÛÙ ӷ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ appleÚfiÛ‚·ÛË ÛÙȘ ÛˆÏËÓÒÛÂȘ ÙÚÔ-ÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.2. ÃÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÙ ηٿÏÏËÏÔ ·appleÔÚÚÔÊËÙÈÎfi ̤ÛÔ (apple.¯. ÛÙÔ˘apple›) ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙËÓ appleÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Û‡Ó‰ÂÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ۈϋ-Ó· ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ÛÙËÓ ÌappleÂÎȤڷ Î·È ·appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó·.3. ÃÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÙ ÙÔ˘˜ ηٿÏÏËÏÔ˘˜ Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÌÔ˘˜ Î·È Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Û˘Û΢‹ ÚÔ‹˜ Î·È apple›ÂÛ˘ ÛÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘, ÂÍ·ÛÊ·Ï›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ÛÙÂÁ·ÓfiÙËÙ· ÛÙȘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÂȘ.4. ÂÚÈÛÙÚ¤„Ù ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÂÎΛÓËÛ˘ ÛÙË ı¤ÛË on Î·È ÂϤÁÍÙ ÙË ÛÙÂÁ·ÓfiÙËÙ· ÙˆÓ Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÂˆÓ appleÔ˘ appleÚ·Á-Ì·ÙÔappleÔÈ‹Û·ÙÂ.‡Ó‰ÂÛË Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜ ÛÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ ÂappleÈÛÙÚÔÊ‹˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘1. ∞Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÙ ÙÔ appleÚÔÛٷ٢ÙÈÎfi ηapple¿ÎÈ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ÒÛÙ ӷ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ appleÚfiÛ‚·ÛË ÛÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó· ÂappleÈÛÙÚÔ-Ê‹˜ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.2. ÃÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÙ ηٿÏÏËÏÔ ·appleÔÚÚÔÊËÙÈÎfi ̤ÛÔ (apple.¯. ÛÙÔ˘apple›) ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙË appleÂÚÈÔ¯‹ Û‡Ó‰ÂÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ۈϋ-Ó· ÂappleÈÛÙÚÔÊ‹˜ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ Ì ÙË ÌappleÂÎȤڷ Î·È ·appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó·.3. ÃÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÙ ÙÔ˘˜ ηٿÏÏËÏÔ˘˜ Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÌÔ˘˜ Î·È Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Û˘Û΢‹ ÚÔ‹˜ Î·È apple›ÂÛ˘ ÛÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ÂappleÈÛÙÚÔÊ‹˜ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘, ÂÍ·ÛÊ·Ï›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ ÛÙÂÁ·ÓfiÙËÙ· ÛÙȘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÂȘ.4. ÂÚÈÛÙÚ¤„Ù ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÂÎΛÓËÛ˘ ÛÙË ı¤ÛË on Î·È ÂϤÁÍÙ ÙË ÛÙÂÁ·ÓfiÙËÙ· ÙˆÓ Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÂˆÓ appleÔ˘ appleÚ·Á-Ì·ÙÔappleÔÈ‹Û·ÙÂ.‡Ó‰ÂÛË Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜ ÁÈ· ÙË Ì¤ÙÚËÛË Ù˘ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘ ÛÙËÓ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜1. ∂ÓÙÔapple›ÛÙ ÙÔ ÛˆÏËÓ¿ÎÈ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÛˆÏËÓ¿ÎÈ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘ ·applefi ÙÔ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.3. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÛÙÔ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ¤Ó· ¿ÏÏÔ ÛˆÏËÓ¿ÎÈ ÌÈÎÚÔ‡ Ì‹ÎÔ˘˜.4. ªÂ ÙËÓ apple·ÚÂÌ‚ÔÏ‹ ÂÓfi˜ appleÏ·ÛÙÈÎÔ‡ Ù·˘ (‰È·Ù›ıÂÙ·È Ì ÙË Û˘Û΢‹) ÂÍ·ÛÊ·Ï›ÛÙ ÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· Ù˘ Û‡Ó-‰ÂÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹ apple›ÂÛ˘ Ì ÙËÓ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜.5. ÃÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÒÓÙ·˜ ηٿÏÏËÏÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó·, Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ˘appleÔappleÈÂÛfiÌÂÙÚÔ Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜ Ì ÙÔ ÂχıÂÚÔ ¿ÎÚÔÙÔ˘ Ù·˘.6. B¿ÏÙ Û ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.7. A˘ÍÔÌÂÈÒÛÙ ÙȘ ÛÙÚÔʤ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Î·È apple·Ú·ÙËÚ›ÛÙ ÙË ÌÂÙ·‚ÔÏ‹ Ù˘ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘ ÛÙÔ fiÚÁ·ÓÔ ÙË˜Û˘Û΢‹˜.


1.3 BREAK OUT BOX 29BREAK OUT BOXºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN∆Ô break out box Â›Ó·È Ì›· ·appleÏ‹ Û˘Û΢‹ appleÔ˘ ʤÚÂÈ ·ÚÈıÌË̤Ó˜ ˘appleÔ‰Ô¯¤˜. ∏ ·Ú›ıÌËÛË ÙˆÓ ˘appleÔ‰Ô¯ÒÓ ·ÓÙÈ-ÛÙÔȯ› ·applefiÏ˘Ù· Ì ÙËÓ ·Ú›ıÌËÛË ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.ŒÙÛÈ ¤¯Ô˘Ì ÙË ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ· ‡ÎÔÏ˘ Î·È ÁÚ‹ÁÔÚ˘ appleÚfiÛ‚·Û˘ Û fiϘ ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ Ù˘ ∏/ª.ÃÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÒÓÙ·˜ οappleÔÈÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ ‹ apple·ÏÌÔÁÚ¿ÊÔ, ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ‹ ÙÔÓ ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈËÙ‹ appleÔ˘ı¤ÏÔ˘Ì ӷ ÂϤÁÍÔ˘ÌÂ, ÌappleÔÚԇ̠‡ÎÔÏ· Î·È ÁÚ‹ÁÔÚ· Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙȘ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙ˜ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂȘ.


30 KEºA§AIO 1: OP°ANA E§E°XOYBREAK OUT BOXºY§§O §HPOºOPIøNÀ¡¢∂∏ ∆√À BREAK OUT BOX ∆∏¡ ∏/ª°È· Ó· Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÔ˘Ì ÙË Û˘Û΢‹ apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘, ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ıԇ̠ٷ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ‚‹Ì·Ù·:1. ∂appleÈϤÁÔ˘Ì ÙÔÓ ·ÓÙ¿appleÙÔÚ· Î·È ÙË Ê›Û· Û‡Ó‰ÂÛ˘ Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜ ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙÔÓ ·ÚÈıÌfi ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ Ù˘ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.2. ªÂ ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ·appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤Ô˘Ì ÙË Ê›Û· Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜.


1.3 BREAK OUT BOX 31BREAK OUT BOXºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN3. ˘Ó‰¤Ô˘Ì ÙË Ê›Û· ÙÔ˘ ·ÓÙ¿appleÙÔÚ· ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰·.4. ˘Ó‰¤Ô˘Ì ÛÙË Ì›· ÌÂÚÈ¿ ÙÔ˘ ·ÓÙ¿appleÙÔÚ· ÙË Ê›Û· Âapple·ÊÒÓ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜.5. ˘Ó‰¤Ô˘Ì ÛÙËÓ ¿ÏÏË ÌÂÚÈ¿ ÙÔ˘ ·ÓÙ¿appleÙÔÚ· ÙË Ê›Û· appleÔ˘ ‰È·ı¤ÙÂÈ Ë Û˘Û΢‹.


32 KEºA§AIO 1: OP°ANA E§E°XOYBREAK OUT BOXºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN6. ˘Ó‰¤Ô˘Ì ÙÔ ÂχıÂÚÔ ¿ÎÚÔ Ù˘ ʛ۷˜ ÛÙÔ break out box.Ã∏∏∞ÊÔ‡ ¤¯Ô˘ÌÂ Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÂÈ apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· ÙÔ break out box ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰·, ¤¯Ô˘Ì ÙË ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ· Ì Ù˯ڋÛË Î¿appleÔÈÔ˘ appleÔÏ˘Ì¤ÙÚÔ˘ ‹ apple·ÏÌÔÁÚ¿ÊÔ˘ Ó· ·appleÔΈ‰ÈÎÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙËÓ ÂappleÈÎÔÈÓˆÓ›· ÙÔ˘ ÂÁÎÂÊ¿ÏÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ‰È¿ÊÔÚÔ˘˜ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú˜ Î·È ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈËÙ¤˜.∂›Ó·È ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ Ó· ‰È·ı¤ÙÔ˘Ì ÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi Û¯¤‰ÈÔ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.¢È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈο, ‰ÂÓ ÌappleÔÚԇ̠ӷ ÁÓˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ì appleÔȘ ˘appleÔ‰Ô¯¤˜ Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜ ·ÓÙÈÛÙÔÈ¯Ô‡Ó ÛÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ÂÍ·ÚÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ appleÔ˘ ı¤ÏÔ˘Ì ӷ ÂϤÁÍÔ˘ÌÂ.ÃÚÂÈ¿˙ÂÙ·È È‰È·›ÙÂÚË appleÚÔÛÔ¯‹ ηٿ ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË ÙÔ˘ break out box, ÁÈ·Ù›, ·Ó ÙÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙ˜ÙÔ˘ appleÔÏ˘Ì¤ÙÚÔ˘ ‹ ÙÔ˘ apple·ÏÌÔÁÚ¿ÊÔ˘ Û ϿıÔ˜ ˘appleÔ‰Ô¯¤˜, ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· appleÚÔηϤÛÔ˘Ì ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈ΋ ‚Ï¿‚Ë ÛÙËÓËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ‹ ÛÙȘ Û˘Û΢¤˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘.


1.3 BREAK OUT BOX 33∞∫∏∏ 3BREAK OUT BOXºY§§O EP°OYÎÔappleÔ›:1. ¡· ÌappleÔÚ› Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· ÂappleÈϤÁÂÈ, ¤¯ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ Ù¯ÓÈÎfi ÂÁ¯ÂÈÚ›‰ÈÔ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·-ÛÙ‹, ÙÔÓ Î·Ù¿ÏÏËÏÔ ·ÓÙ¿appleÙÔÚ· Î·È ÙËÓ Î·Ù¿ÏÏËÏË Ê›Û· appleÚÔÎÂÈ̤ÓÔ˘ Ó· Û˘Ó‰¤-ÛÂÈ ÙË Û˘Û΢‹ break out box ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.2. ¡· ÌappleÔÚ› Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÈ ÙË Û˘Û΢‹ break out box ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. ∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ó¤·˜ Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›·˜.2. ∆¯ÓÈÎfi ÂÁ¯ÂÈÚ›‰ÈÔ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.3. ˘Û΢‹ break out box.4. ∫·Ù¿ÏÏËÏË Ê›Û· Âapple·ÊÒÓ.5. ∫·Ù¿ÏÏËÏÔ˜ ·ÓÙ¿appleÙÔÚ·˜ apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ˘ Û‡Ó‰ÂÛ˘.ÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:‡Ó‰ÂÛË Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜1. ∂ÓÙÔapple›ÛÙ ·applefi ÙÔ Ù¯ÓÈÎfi ÂÁ¯ÂÈÚ›‰ÈÔ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹ ÙÔÓ ·ÚÈıÌfi ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿-‰·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.2. ∂appleÈϤÍÙ Ì ‚¿ÛË ÙÔÓ ·ÚÈıÌfi ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ Ù˘ ∏/ª, ÙÔÓ Î·Ù¿ÏÏËÏÔ ·ÓÙ¿appleÙÔÚ· apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ˘ Û‡Ó‰ÂÛ˘.3. ªÂ ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ·appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Ê›Û· Ù˘ ∏/ª.4. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔÓ ·ÓÙ¿appleÙÔÚ· ÛÙËÓ ∏/ª.5. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Ê›Û· Ù˘ ∏/ª ÛÙÔÓ ·ÓÙ¿appleÙÔÚ·.6. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Ê›Û· ÛÙÔÓ ·ÓÙ¿appleÙÔÚ· Î·È ÛÙÔ beak out box.∂ƒø∆∏∂π1. ªappleÔÚԇ̠̠ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË ÙÔ˘ break out Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘ÌÂ:ñ ÙËÓ ˆÌÈ΋ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÙˆÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹ÚˆÓ-ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈËÙÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·;ñ ÙËÓ ¤ÓÙ·ÛË ÙÔ˘ Ú‡̷ÙÔ˜ ÛÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ „˘ÎÙÈÎÔ‡ ˘ÁÚÔ‡ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·;∂ÍËÁ‹ÛÙ ÙȘ ·apple·ÓÙ‹ÛÂȘ Û·˜.2. ÙȘ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ÂÈÎfiÓ˜ apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÔÓÙ·È:ñ Ì›· Û˘Û΢‹ break out boxñ Ì›· ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· 55 Âapple·ÊÒÓ Ì ·appleÔÛ˘Ó‰Â̤ÓË ÙË Ê›Û·ñ ¤Ó·˜ ·ÓÙ¿appleÙÔÚ·˜ apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ˘ Û‡Ó‰ÂÛ˘ñ Ì›· ʛ۷ Âapple·ÊÒÓ


34 KEºA§AIO 1: OP°ANA E§E°XOYBREAK OUT BOXºY§§O EP°OY∂ÓÒÛÙ Ì ÁÚ·Ì̤˜ ÙȘ ηٿÏÏËϘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ appleÚÔÎÂÈ̤ÓÔ˘ Ó· ·appleÂÈÎÔÓ›˙ÂÙ·È Ë Û‡Ó‰ÂÛË Ù˘ Û˘Û΢‹˜ ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂ-ÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.


KEºA§AIO 2∞ƒ√Àπ∞∏ ∆√À À∆∏ª∞∆√FENIX 52.1 ∏ÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ·2.2 ∂appleÂÍ‹ÁËÛË Âapple·ÊÒÓ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘


2.1 ∏§EKTPIKO ¢IA°PAMMA 37√¡√ª∞∆√§√°π∞ ∂•∞ƒ∆∏ª∞∆ø¡ ∏§∂∫∆ƒπ∫√À ¢π∞°ƒ∞ªª∞∆√∂•∞ƒ∆∏ª∞∂ƒπ°ƒ∞º∏15 ¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢30 £ÂÙÈÎfi ªapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ (+)31 ∞ÚÓËÙÈÎfi ªapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ (–)A11ªÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏÒÓ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁÈÒÓA5∆·ÌappleÏfi ÔÚÁ¿ÓˆÓA57ªÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ·˘ÙfiÌ·ÙÔ˘ ÎÈ‚ˆÙ›Ô˘ Ù·¯˘Ù‹ÙˆÓA75ªÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÔÚÁ¿ÓˆÓ Ù·ÌappleÏfiB147∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ı¤Û˘ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·˜B25∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ ·¤Ú· ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜B33∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ·˜ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜B69∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ¯Ù˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜B72∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘B83∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ·applefiÏ˘Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘C3˘ÎÓˆÙ‹˜F∞ÛÊ¿ÏÂÈ·P4ŸÚÁ·ÓÔ ¤Ó‰ÂÈ͢ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·P7∆·¯‡ÌÂÙÚÔP9ÙÚÔÊfiÌÂÙÚÔS231¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ ˘‰Ú·˘ÏÈÎÔ‡ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡S39∞‰Ú·ÓÂÈ·Îfi˜ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘T1ÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹˜Y3µ·Ï‚›‰· „ÂηÛÌÔ‡Y99µ·Ï‚›‰· appleÚfiÛıÂÙÔ˘ ·¤Ú·∞161æËÊȷ΋ ¤Ó‰ÂÈÍË appleÔÏÏ·appleÏÒÓ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁÈÒÓ∞35∫ÂÓÙÚÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘∞63ªÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ Air conditionµ24 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ „˘ÎÙÈÎÔ‡ ˘ÁÚÔ‡µ54 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ı¤Û˘ ÛÙÚÔÊ·ÏÔÊfiÚÔ˘∏63ºˆÙÂÈÓ‹ ¤Ó‰ÂÈÍË Î·Î‹˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·∫12ƒÂϤ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÌÔÙ¤Ú ·ÓÂÌÈÛÙ‹Ú·∫46ƒÂϤ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·ª12 ∞ÓÙÏ›· η˘Û›ÌÔ˘À104µ·Ï‚›‰· ·Ó·ÎÔ‡ÊÈÛ˘ ηӛÛÙÚÔ˘ ÂÓÂÚÁÔ‡ ¿ÓıڷηÃ1º›Û· Û‡Ó‰ÂÛ˘ (·˘ÙԉȿÁÓˆÛ˘)


38 KEºA§AIO 2: ∞ƒ√Àπ∞∏ ∆√À À∆∏ª∞∆√ FENIX 5


2.2 ∂E•H°HH EAºøN KENTPIKH MONA¢A E§E°XOY 39E•EPXOMENOHMA AOTON E°KEºA§OEIEPXOMENOHMA POTON E°KEºA§O°EIøHE§E°XOMENH°EIøH AOTON E°KEºA§O


40 KEºA§AIO 2: ∞ƒ√Àπ∞∏ ∆√À À∆∏ª∞∆√ FENIX 5∂∂•∏°∏∏ ∂∞ºø¡ ∏§∂∫∆ƒ√¡π∫∏ ª√¡∞¢∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À∂•∞ƒ∆∏ª∞∂∞º∏∏.ª.∂.∏ª∞À¡£∏∫∂∆Àπ∫∏∆πª∏ƒÀ£ªπ∏∞§ª√°ƒ∞º√À∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ·applefiÏ˘Ù˘apple›ÂÛ˘ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜16➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡4,7 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ·applefiÏ˘Ù˘apple›ÂÛ˘ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜16➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·1,9 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ·applefiÏ˘Ù˘apple›ÂÛ˘ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜16➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ˘applefiÊÔÚÙ›Ô4,4 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ·applefiÏ˘Ù˘apple›ÂÛ˘ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜44- - - -¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ·applefiÏ˘Ù˘apple›ÂÛ˘ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜45➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡5 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ÂÈÛÂÚ¯fiÌÂÓÔ˘ ·¤Ú·20➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡.10 C3 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ÂÈÛÂÚ¯fiÌÂÓÔ˘ ·¤Ú·46- - - -¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·15➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡.10 C2,5 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·15➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· – ˙ÂÛÙfi˜0,2 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·44- - - -¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ı¤Û˘appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·˜19➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡ –appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· ÎÏÂÈÛÙ‹0,6 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ı¤Û˘appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·˜19➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡ –appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· ÂÓÙÂÏÒ˜·ÓÔÈÎÙ‹4 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ı¤Û˘appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·˜45➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡5 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ı¤Û˘appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·˜46- - - -¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ı¤Û˘ÛÙÚÔÊ·ÏÔÊfiÚÔ˘33➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡3 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ı¤Û˘ÛÙÚÔÊ·ÏÔÊfiÚÔ˘33➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·1 V AC 0,5 V / 1 ms∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ı¤Û˘ÛÙÚÔÊ·ÏÔÊfiÚÔ˘34·¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡3 V


2.2 ∂E•H°HH EAºøN KENTPIKH MONA¢A E§E°XOY 41∂∂•∏°∏∏ ∂∞ºø¡ ∏§∂∫∆ƒ√¡π∫∏ ª√¡∞¢∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À (Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ·)∂•∞ƒ∆∏ª∞∂∞º∏∏.ª.∂.∏ª∞À¡£∏∫∂∆Àπ∫∏∆πª∏ƒÀ£ªπ∏∞§ª√°ƒ∞º√À∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ı¤Û˘ÛÙÚÔÊ·ÏÔÊfiÚÔ˘34➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·1V AC0,5 V / 1 ms∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜8➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÚÂÏ·ÓÙ› – ÁÚ‹ÁÔÚËÂappleÈÙ¿¯˘ÓÛË50 mV / 1 ms∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜44- - - -¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜31- - - -¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘17➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0,4 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘17➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· –˙ÂÛÙfi˜‰È·Î‡Ì·ÓÛË·applefi 0,1¤ˆ˜ 0,9 V∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘17➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· – ˙ÂÛÙfi˜0,2 mV /0,5 sec∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ·˜Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜12➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡ –ÛappleÚÒ¯ÓÔÓÙ·˜0 V ‹ 11 V∞˘ÙfiÌ·ÙÔ ÎÈ‚ÒÙÈÔ 7∞˘ÙfiÌ·ÙÔ ÎÈ‚ÒÙÈÔ 41∞˘ÙfiÌ·ÙÔ ÎÈ‚ÒÙÈÔ 53µ·Ï‚›‰· ·Ó·ÎÔ‡ÊÈÛ˘ηӛÛÙÚÔ˘ ÂÓÂÚÁÔ‡¿Óıڷη42➞¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 Vµ·Ï‚›‰· ·Ó·ÎÔ‡ÊÈÛ˘ηӛÛÙÚÔ˘ ÂÓÂÚÁÔ‡¿Óıڷη42➞∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·11 – 14 Vµ·Ï‚›‰· appleÚfiÛıÂÙÔ˘·¤Ú·9➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0,27 Vµ·Ï‚›‰· appleÚfiÛıÂÙÔ˘·¤Ú·9➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· – ˙ÂÛÙfi˜4 V / 50 msµ·Ï‚›‰· appleÚfiÛıÂÙÔ˘·¤Ú·35➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡11 Vµ·Ï‚›‰· appleÚfiÛıÂÙÔ˘·¤Ú·35➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·4 V / 50 msµ·Ï‚›‰· appleÚfiÛıÂÙÔ˘·¤Ú·36➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0,26 V


42 KEºA§AIO 2: ∞ƒ√Àπ∞∏ ∆√À À∆∏ª∞∆√ FENIX 5∂∂•∏°∏∏ ∂∞ºø¡ ∏§∂∫∆ƒ√¡π∫∏ ª√¡∞¢∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À (Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ·)∂•∞ƒ∆∏ª∞∂∞º∏∏.ª.∂.∏ª∞À¡£∏∫∂∆Àπ∫∏∆πª∏ƒÀ£ªπ∏∞§ª√°ƒ∞º√Àµ·Ï‚›‰· appleÚfiÛıÂÙÔ˘·¤Ú·36➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·4 V / 50 msµ·Ï‚›‰· appleÚfiÛıÂÙÔ˘·¤Ú·40➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡11 Vµ·Ï‚›‰· appleÚfiÛıÂÙÔ˘·¤Ú·40➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·4 V / 50 ms°Â›ˆÛË 2➞¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 V°Â›ˆÛË 3➞¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 V°Â›ˆÛË 18- - - -¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 V¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢24➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ OFF0 V¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢24➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡11 – 14 V¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ apple›ÂÛ˘˘‰Ú·˘ÏÈÎÔ˘ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡13➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÙÔÚÂÏ·ÓÙ› – ÙÔ ÙÈÌfiÓȉ ÛÙÚ›‚ÂÈ5 V¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ apple›ÂÛ˘˘‰Ú·˘ÏÈÎÔ˘ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡13➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÙÔÚÂÏ·ÓÙ› – ÙÔ ÙÈÌfiÓÈÛÙÚ›‚ÂÈ0 VŒÓ‰ÂÈÍËappleÔÏÏ·appleÏÒÓÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁÈÒÓ (MIL)43➞¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢O¡ – MIL ON0 – 1 VŒÓ‰ÂÈÍËappleÔÏÏ·appleÏÒÓÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁÈÒÓ (MIL)43➞¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢O¡ – MIL OFF11 – 14 V∫ÏÈÌ·ÙÈÛÙÈÎfi 5 –∫ÏÈÌ·ÙÈÛÙÈÎfi 51ªÔÓ¿‰·‰Â‰ÔÌ¤ÓˆÓ (DLC)11¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 VªÔÓ¿‰·‰Â‰ÔÌ¤ÓˆÓ (DLC)38¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 VªÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘immobilizer37ªapple·Ù·Ú›· 32➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ OFF11 – 14 V


2.2 ∂E•H°HH EAºøN KENTPIKH MONA¢A E§E°XOY 43∂∂•∏°∏∏ ∂∞ºø¡ ∏§∂∫∆ƒ√¡π∫∏ ª√¡∞¢∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À (Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ·)∂•∞ƒ∆∏ª∞∂∞º∏∏.ª.∂.∏ª∞À¡£∏∫∂∆Àπ∫∏∆πª∏ƒÀ£ªπ∏∞§ª√°ƒ∞º√ÀªappleÂÎ 1 & 4 30➞¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ ON11 – 14 V ηÈÛ‡ÓÙÔÌ· 0 VªappleÂÎ 1 & 4 30➞∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·3 ms 10 V / 2 msªappleÂÎ 2 & 3 4➞¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ ON11 – 14 V ηÈÛ‡ÓÙÔÌ· 0 VªappleÂÎ 2 & 3 4➞∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·3 ms 10 V / 2 msŸÚÁ·Ó· 48➞¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 V ηÈÛ‡ÓÙÔÌ·11 – 14 VŸÚÁ·Ó· 48➞∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·0 VŸÚÁ·Ó· 2000– 47➞¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 VŸÚÁ·Ó· 2000– 47➞∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·11 – 14 VÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹˜ –·ÏÈÓ‰ÚÔÈ 1 & 428➞¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡11 – 14 VÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹˜ –·ÏÈÓ‰ÚÔÈ 1 & 428➞∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·4 V / 1 msÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹˜ –·ÏÈÓ‰ÚÔÈ 2 & 329➞¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡11 – 14 VÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹˜ –·ÏÈÓ‰ÚÔÈ 2 & 329➞∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·4 V / 1 msƒÂϤ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·48➞¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡0 V ηÈÛ‡ÓÙÔÌ·11 – 14 VƒÂϤ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·48➞∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·0 VƒÂϤ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·52➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ O¡11 – 14 V ηÈÛ‡ÓÙÔÌ· 0 VƒÂϤ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·52➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·11 – 14 VƒÂϤ ÌÔÙ¤Ú ·ÓÂÌÈÛÙ‹Ú·ÁÈ· ÙËÓ „‡ÍË ÙÔ˘ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· – 199914➞¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢OFF11 – 14 V


44 KEºA§AIO 2: ∞ƒ√Àπ∞∏ ∆√À À∆∏ª∞∆√ FENIX 5∂∂•∏°∏∏ ∂∞ºø¡ ∏§∂∫∆ƒ√¡π∫∏ ª√¡∞¢∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À (Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ·)∂•∞ƒ∆∏ª∞∂∞º∏∏.ª.∂.∏ª∞À¡£∏∫∂∆Àπ∫∏∆πª∏ƒÀ£ªπ∏∞§ª√°ƒ∞º√ÀƒÂϤ ÌÔÙ¤Ú ·ÓÂÌÈÛÙ‹Ú·ÁÈ· ÙËÓ „‡ÍË ÙÔ˘ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· – 199914➞∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·,ÌÔÙ¤Ú OFF11 – 14 VƒÂϤ ÌÔÙ¤Ú ·ÓÂÌÈÛÙ‹Ú·ÁÈ· ÙËÓ „‡ÍË ÙÔ˘ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· – 199914➞∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·,ÌÔÙ¤Ú ON0 VƒÂϤ ÌÔÙ¤Ú ·ÓÂÌÈÛÙ‹Ú·ÁÈ· ÙËÓ „‡ÍË ÙÔ˘ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· – 200055➡¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢OFF11 – 14 VƒÂϤ ÌÔÙ¤Ú ·ÓÂÌÈÛÙ‹Ú·ÁÈ· ÙËÓ „‡ÍË ÙÔ˘ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· – 200055➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·,ÌÔÙ¤Ú OFF11 – 14 VƒÂϤ ÌÔÙ¤Ú ·ÓÂÌÈÛÙ‹Ú·ÁÈ· ÙËÓ „‡ÍË ÙÔ˘ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· – 200055➡∫ÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÂÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·,ÌÔÙ¤Ú ON0,9 VÀappleÔÏÔÁÈÛÙ‹˜ Ù·Íȉ›Ô˘ 50


KEºA§AIO 3√ƒ°∞¡∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À3.1 ›ÂÛË Î·˘Û›ÌÔ˘3.2 ƒÔ‹ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘3.3 µ·Ï‚›‰Â˜ „ÂηÛÌÔ‡3.4 ∞ÓÙÏ›· η˘Û›ÌÔ˘


3.1 IEH ∫∞Àπª√À 47ƒÀ£ªπ∆∏ π∂∏ ∫∞Àπª√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN∆Ô Î·‡ÛÈÌÔ, appleÔ˘ ÌÈ· ·ÓÙÏ›· ÛÙ¤ÏÓÂÈ ÛÙ· ÌappleÂÎ, appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· Â›Ó·È apple¿ÓÙ· appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔ ·apple’ ·˘Ùfi appleÔ˘ ¯ÚÂÈ¿˙Â-Ù·È Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÙËÓ ˘„ËÏfiÙÂÚË Î·Ù·Ó¿ÏˆÛË. ∞˘Ùfi Â›Ó·È Î¿ÙÈ appleÔ˘ ·apple·ÈÙÂ›Ù·È ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Î¿Ï˘„Ë ÙˆÓ ·Ó·ÁÎÒÓÛ η‡ÛÈÌÔ Û οı appleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.∞˘Ùfi ÛËÌ·›ÓÂÈ fiÙÈ ÌÈ· appleÔÛfiÙËÙ· η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ı· ÂappleÈÛÙÚ¤„ÂÈ ÛÙÔ ÚÂ˙ÂÚ‚Ô˘¿Ú, ·ÊÔ‡ ‰ÂÓ „Âο˙ÂÙ·È ·applefi Ù· ÌappleÂÎ.∆Ô ÚfiÏÔ ·˘Ùfi ÙÔÓ ¤¯ÂÈ Ô Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘. ¢ËÏ·‰‹, Ô Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ ÂappleÈÛÙÚ¤ÊÂÈ ÙÔ Î·‡ÛÈÌÔ appleÔ˘appleÏÂÔÓ¿˙ÂÈ ÛÙÔ ÚÂ˙ÂÚ‚Ô˘¿Ú, ‰È·ÙËÚÒÓÙ·˜ apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· ÙËÓ apple›ÂÛË ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ Û οappleÔÈ· ÂappleÈı˘ÌËÙ¿ Âapple›apple‰·.∂apple›Û˘, Ô Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘, Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Ì ÙËÓ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜. °È· ÙËÓ ·ÎÚ›‚ÂÈ·, Ë apple›ÂÛË Ù˘appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹˜ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜ Âappleȉڿ Î·È ÛÙÔÓ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹ apple›ÂÛ˘. ª’ ·˘ÙfiÓ ÙÔÓ ÙÚfiappleÔ Ô Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ ‰È·ÙËÚ›ÙË ‰È·ÊÔÚ¿ apple›ÂÛ˘ ÌÂٷ͇ ÙÔ˘ ΢ÎÏÒÌ·ÙÔ˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ Î·È Ù˘ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹˜ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜ ÛÙ·ıÂÚ‹.√ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ ‰ÂÓ ÂϤÁ¯ÂÙ·È ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ, ·ÏÏ¿ ÂϤÁ¯ÂÈ ÙËÓ apple›ÂÛË Ì Ì˯·ÓÈÎfi ÙÚfiappleÔ.ª›· ÂÏ·ÛÙÈ΋ ÌÂÌ‚Ú¿ÓË ¯ˆÚ›˙ÂÈ ÙÔ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹ Û ‰˘Ô ı·Ï¿ÌÔ˘˜. ŒÓ· ÂÏ·Ù‹ÚÈÔ appleȤ˙ÂÈ ÙË ÌÂÌ‚Ú¿ÓË ÒÛÙ ӷÎÏ›ÛÂÈ Ë ÂappleÈÛÙÚÔÊ‹ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘. ŸÙ·Ó Ë apple›ÂÛË ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ÙfiÛË ÒÛÙ ӷ ·Û΋ÛÂÈ ‰‡Ó·ÌË ÌÂÁ·-χÙÂÚË ·applefi ·˘Ù‹ ÙÔ˘ ÂÏ·ÙËÚ›Ô˘, ÙfiÙÂ Ë ÌÂÌ‚Ú¿ÓË ı· ˘appleÔ¯ˆÚ‹ÛÂÈ appleÚÔ˜ Ù· οو Î·È appleÔÛfiÙËÙ· η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ı· appleÂÚ¿ÛÂÈ ÛÙÔÓ ·ÁˆÁfi Ù˘ ÂappleÈÛÙÚÔÊ‹˜. ∂apple›Û˘, Â›Ó·È Ê·ÓÂÚfi fiÙÈ fiÛÔ ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚË Â›Ó·È Ë ·applefiÏ˘ÙË apple›ÂÛËÛÙËÓ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜ ÙfiÛÔ ‰˘ÛÎÔÏfiÙÂÚ· Ë ÌÂÌ‚Ú¿ÓË ı· ˘appleÔ¯ˆÚ‹ÛÂÈ appleÚÔ˜ Ù· οو. ¢ËÏ·‰‹, ÌÂÁ·ÏÒ-ÓÔÓÙ·˜ Ë ·applefiÏ˘ÙË apple›ÂÛË ÛÙËÓ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜, ÏÈÁfiÙÂÚÔ Î·‡ÛÈÌÔ ı· ÂappleÈÛÙÚ¤„ÂÈ Ì ·appleÔÙ¤ÏÂÛÌ· ÙËÓ·‡ÍËÛË Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.


48 KEºA§AIO 3: À∆∏ª∞ ∫∞Àπª√ÀƒÀ£ªπ∆∏ π∂∏ ∫∞Àπª√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøNÚÔ˜ÚÂ˙ÂÚ‚Ô˘¿ÚAapplefi ·ÓÙÏ›·Î·˘Û›ÌÔ˘‡Ó‰ÂÛË ÌÂappleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜


3.1 IEH ∫∞Àπª√À 49∞∫∏∏ 1ƒÀ£ªπ∆∏ π∂∏ – E§E°XO π∂∏ ∫∞Àπª√ÀºY§§O EP°OYÎÔapplefi˜:¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜:1. ¡· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› fiÏÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ˘˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘˜ ÒÛÙ ӷ ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÓÂÈ ÙËÓηϋ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.2. ¡· ÂϤÁ¯ÂÈ ÙËÓ apple›ÂÛË ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ CLIO2. ∞ÓÙÏ›· ÎÂÓÔ‡ÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:1. ÈÁÔ˘Ú¢Ù›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ appleÈÂÛfiÌÂÙÚÔ ÌÂٷ͇ ÙÔ˘ ۈϋӷ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ (appleÚÔÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜) η˘Û›-ÌÔ˘ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ۈϋӷ ‰È·ÓÔÌ‹˜ (ÌappleÂÎȤڷ).123. µ¿ÏÙ Û ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.4. ∞Ê‹ÛÙ ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Ó· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÂÈ ÛÙÔ ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ›.5. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó· Ù˘ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘ ·applefi ÙÔ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹ apple›ÂÛ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘6. ËÌÂÈÒÛÙ ÙËÓ ¤Ó‰ÂÈÍË Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ ÛÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·.7. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó· Ù˘ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘ ÛÙÔ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹ apple›ÂÛ˘.8. ËÌÂÈÒÛÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ ÛÙÔÓ apple›Ó·Î·.


3.1 IEH ∫∞Àπª√À 51ƒÀ£ªπ∆∏ π∂∏ ∫∞Àπª√ÀºY§§O EP°AIA¡· ÂÓÒÛÙ Ì ÁÚ·Ì̤˜ Ù· ÂÍ·ÚÙ‹Ì·Ù·, ÒÛÙ ӷ Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È Ë Û˘Ó‰ÂÛÌÔÏÔÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ˘appleÔÛ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰Ô-Û›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.¢ÂÍ·ÌÂӋη˘Û›ÌÔ˘º›ÏÙÚÔAÓÙÏ›·Î·˘Û›ÌÔ˘ˆÏ‹Ó·˜‰È·ÓÔÌ‹˜ –ÌappleÂÎP˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹˜apple›ÂÛ˘


52 KEºA§AIO 3: À∆∏ª∞ ∫∞Àπª√Àƒ√∏ ∫∞Àπª√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN∏ ÚÔ‹ (‹ apple·ÚÔ¯‹) Â›Ó·È ¤Ó· ̤ÁÂıÔ˜, appleÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÓ Ó· Ê·ÓÂÚÒÛÂÈ ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· Ù˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜ η˘-Û›ÌÔ˘. Œ¯ÂÈ ·Ó·ÊÂÚı›, fiÙÈ Û οı appleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·, Ë apple·ÚÔ¯‹ Ù˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó·Â›Ó·È ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚË ·applefi ·˘Ù‹Ó appleÔ˘ ·apple·ÈÙÂ›Ù·È ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ „ÂηÛÌfi ·applefi ÙȘ ‚·Ï‚›‰Â˜ „ÂηÛÌÔ‡.∂›Ó·È fï˜ ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎfi, Ë Ì¤ÙÚËÛË Ù˘ ÚÔ‹˜ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ Ó· Û˘Û¯ÂÙ›˙ÂÙ·È Ì ÙËÓ apple›ÂÛË ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘. ∞ÏÏÈÒ˜Â›Ó·È appleÈı·Ófi Ó· ηٷϋÍÔ˘Ì Û ϿıÔ˜ Û˘ÌappleÂÚ¿ÛÌ·Ù· ÛÙËÓ appleÚÔÛapple¿ıÂÈ· Ù˘ ‰È¿ÁÓˆÛ˘ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ÂÓÙÔappleÈÛÌÔ‡ÌÈ·˜ ‚Ï¿‚˘.°È· Ó· Á›ÓÂÈ Î·Ù·ÓÔËÙfi, Â›Ó·È ¯Ú‹ÛÈÌÔ Ó· ÂÍÂÙ¿ÛÔ˘Ì ÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ·applefi ÙËÓ ·Ú¯‹. ∏ ·ÓÙÏ›· ̤۷·applefi ÙË ‰ÂÍ·ÌÂÓ‹ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ «ÛappleÚÒ¯ÓÂÈ» ÌÈ· appleÔÛfiÙËÙ· η˘Û›ÌÔ˘, Ë ÔappleÔ›· Â›Ó·È ·ÚÎÂÙ¿ ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚË ·applefi·˘Ù‹Ó ÙËÓ appleÔÛfiÙËÙ· appleÔ˘ ı· ¯ÚÂÈ·ÛÙÔ‡Ó Ù· ÌappleÂÎ ÁÈ· Ó· „ÂοÛÔ˘Ó. ÕÚ·, ÙÔ appleÏÂÔÓ¿˙ÔÓ Î·‡ÛÈÌÔ ı· appleÚ¤appleÂÈÓ· ÂappleÈÛÙÚ¤„ÂÈ Ì¤Ûˆ ÙˆÓ ·ÁˆÁÒÓ ÂappleÈÛÙÚÔÊ‹˜ ÛÙÔ ÓÙÂapplefi˙ÈÙÔ, fiappleˆ˜ Î·È Á›ÓÂÙ·È.∂¿Ó ÙÒÚ· ‰ÂÓ ˘apple‹Ú¯Â Ô Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ Ó· ÂÌappleÔ‰›˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ ÂappleÈÛÙÚÔÊ‹ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘, ÙfiÙ ‰ÂÓ ı· ˘apple‹Ú¯ÂÔ˘ÛÈ·ÛÙÈο apple›ÂÛË ÛÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷. ¢ËÏ·‰‹, Ô Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ Â›Ó·È ·˘Ùfi˜, Ô ÔappleÔ›Ô˜ ÛÙÚ·ÁÁ·Ï›˙ÂÈ ÙË ÚÔ‹ ÙԢη˘Û›ÌÔ˘, Ì ·appleÔÙ¤ÏÂÛÌ· ÙËÓ ·‡ÍËÛË Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ ÛÙÔ Û‡ÛÙËÌ· ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜.ªÂ ‚¿ÛË Ù· apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ, Á›ÓÂÙ·È ·ÓÙÈÏËappleÙfi fiÙÈ Ô Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹˜ ·˘Í¿ÓÂÈ ÙËÓ apple›ÂÛË ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘, appleÂÚÈÔÚ›˙ÔÓÙ·˜Ô˘ÛÈ·ÛÙÈο ÙË ÚÔ‹ ÙÔ˘. ∂¿Ó ÙÒÚ· Ô Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹˜ ‰Â Ú˘ıÌ›˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ apple›ÂÛË, fiappleˆ˜ ¤¯ÂÈ appleÚԂϤ„ÂÈ Ô Î·Ù·Û΢·-ÛÙ‹˜, ÙfiÙÂ Î·È Ë ÚÔ‹ ‰ÂÓ ı· Â›Ó·È ·˘Ù‹ appleÔ˘ appleÚԂϤappleÂÙ·È. ªÈ· ·appleÔÎÏ›ÓÔ˘Û·, ÏÔÈapplefiÓ, ÙÈÌ‹ Ù˘ ÚÔ‹˜, fiappleˆ˜ÛÙËÓ appleÚÔËÁÔ‡ÌÂÓË appleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË, ‰Â ÛËÌ·›ÓÂÈ Î·Ù’ ·Ó¿ÁÎË fiÙÈ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ appleÚfi‚ÏËÌ· ÛÙËÓ ·ÓÙÏ›·. ∂›Ó·È ·Ó·Áη›Ô,ÏÔÈapplefiÓ, ·ÊÔ‡ ÌÂÙÚËı› Ë ÚÔ‹, Ó· ÂÏÂÁ¯ı› Î·È Ë apple›ÂÛË ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘, ÒÛÙ ӷ Â›Ó·È ÂÊÈÎÙ‹ Ë ‰È¿ÁÓˆÛË ÌÈ·˜‚Ï¿‚˘ ‹ Î·È Ë ‰È·apple›ÛÙˆÛË Ù˘ ηϋ˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜.∞ÎfiÌË, appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ÙÔÓ›ÛÔ˘Ì fiÙÈ ˘apple¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó Î·È ¿ÏÏÔÈ apple·Ú¿ÁÔÓÙ˜ ÔÈ ÔappleÔ›ÔÈ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ÂappleËÚ¿ÛÔ˘Ó ÙË ÚÔ‹ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘. ª¿ÏÈÛÙ·, Â›Ó·È apple·Ú¿ÁÔÓÙ˜ appleÔ˘ apple·ÚÂÌappleÔ‰›˙Ô˘Ó ÙË ÛˆÛÙ‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÙÚÔ-ÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜. °È· ÙÔ ÛˆÛÙfi ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô, ÏÔÈapplefiÓ, appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ÁÓˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ì appleÔÈÔÈ Â›Ó·È ·˘ÙÔ› Î·È appleÒ˜ ÂappleËÚ¿˙Ô˘Ó ÙË ÚÔ‹ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.


54 KEºA§AIO 3: À∆∏ª∞ ∫∞Àπª√À∞∫∏∏ 2∂§∂°Ã√ ƒ√∏ ∫∞Àπª√ÀºY§§O EP°OYÎÔapplefi˜:¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› fiÏÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ˘˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘˜ÒÛÙ ӷ ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÓÂÈ ÙËÓ ÔÌ·Ï‹ ÚÔ‹ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ Û‡Ìʈӷ Ì ÙȘ appleÚԉȷÁڷʤ˜ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ CLIO2. √ÁÎÔÌÂÙÚÈÎfi ‰Ô¯Â›Ô3. ∫·ÏÒ‰ÈÔ ÁÈ· ÙË ÁÂʇڈÛË Âapple·ÊÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ÚÂϤ4. ƒÔfiÌÂÙÚÔ (ÂÓ·ÏÏ·ÎÙÈο)ÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÚÔ‹˜1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ÚÈÓ Ó· appleÚÔ¯ˆÚ‹ÛÂÙ ÛÙ· ÂapplefiÌÂÓ· ‚‹Ì·Ù·, appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ¤¯ÂÙ οÓÂÈ ·appleÔÛ˘Ìapple›ÂÛË ÛÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ ÙÔ˘ η˘-Û›ÌÔ˘. ŒÓ·˜ ‡ÎÔÏÔ˜ ÙÚfiappleÔ˜ ÂÎÙfiÓˆÛ˘ Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ Â›Ó·È Ó· ı¤ÛÔ˘Ì Û ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ηÈÌÂÙ¿ Ó· ·Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÔ˘Ì ÙËÓ ·ÛÊ¿ÏÂÈ· Ù˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘ ¤ÙÛÈ ÒÛÙÂ Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ó· Û‚‹ÛÂÈ ·applefi ¤ÏÏÂÈ„Ëη˘Û›ÌÔ˘.3. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó· ÂappleÈÛÙÚÔÊ‹˜ ·applefi ÙÔ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹ apple›ÂÛ˘.4. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ¤Ó· ۈϋӷ ÛÙÔ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹ apple›ÂÛ˘.5. µ¿ÏÙ ÙËÓ ¿ÏÏË ¿ÎÚË ÙÔ˘ ۈϋӷ ÛÙÔ ÔÁÎÔÌÂÙÚÈÎfi ‰Ô¯Â›Ô, fiappleˆ˜ ‰Â›¯ÓÂÈ ÙÔ Û¯‹Ì·:6. ∞Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÎÂÓÙÚÈÎfi ÚÂϤ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.


3.2 POH ∫∞Àπª√À 55∂§∂°Ã√ ƒ√∏ ∫∞Àπª√ÀºY§§O EP°OY7. °ÂÊ˘ÚÒÛÙ ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ L5 Î·È L3 Ì ÙÔ Î·ÏÒ‰ÈÔ.L3FKHLML5L1L28. ∞ÓÔ›ÍÙ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÁÈ· Ó· ÍÂÎÈÓ‹ÛÂÈ Ó· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ› Ë ·ÓÙÏ›· η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.9. ∞Ê‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙÏ›· Ó· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÂÈ ÁÈ· 30 ‰Â˘ÙÂÚfiÏÂappleÙ· Î·È ÎÏ›ÛÙ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË.10. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙËÓ appleÔÛfiÙËÙ· ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ appleÔ˘ ¤¯ÂÈ ÙÔ ÔÁÎÔÌÂÙÚÈÎfi ‰Ô¯Â›Ô Ì ·˘Ù‹Ó appleÔ˘ appleÚÔÙ›ÓÂÈ Ô Î·Ù·-Û΢·ÛÙ‹˜.·ÚÔ¯‹ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘_____litre / 30 sec∂PøTHEI√ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ ‰ÂÓ appleÂÚÈÔÚ›˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ ÂappleÈÛÙÚÔÊ‹ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘, Ì ·appleÔÙ¤ÏÂÛÌ· appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔ Î·‡ÛÈÌÔ Ó·ÂappleÈÛÙÚ¤ÊÂÈ ÛÙÔ ÚÂ˙ÂÚ‚Ô˘¿Ú.1) ∏ ÚÔ‹ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ Û’ ·˘Ù‹Ó ÙËÓ appleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË ı· ›ӷÈ:·) À„ËÏ‹‚) ∫·ÓÔÓÈ΋Á) ÷ÌËÏ‹2) ∏ apple›ÂÛË ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ı· ›ӷÈ:·) À„ËÏ‹‚) ∫·ÓÔÓÈ΋Á) ÷ÌËÏ‹


56 KEºA§AIO 3: À∆∏ª∞ ∫∞Àπª√À∂PøTHEIƒ√∏ ∫∞Àπª√ÀºY§§O EP°AIA1) ªÈ· η΋ Á›ˆÛË ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ› ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi appleÚfi‚ÏËÌ·. ∂›Ó·È ‰˘Ó·Ùfi Ó· ÌÂÈÒÛÂÈ ÙË ÚÔ‹ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘;(∞ÈÙÈÔÏÔÁ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·apple¿ÓÙËÛ‹ Û·˜)2) ∏ ̤ÙÚËÛË Ù˘ ÚÔ‹˜ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ Û ¤Ó·Ó ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ‚Ú¤ıËΠ¯·ÌËÏfiÙÂÚË Ù˘ appleÚÔÙÂÈÓfiÌÂÓ˘. ∂apple›Û˘, Ëapple›ÂÛË ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ‹Ù·Ó ˘„ËÏ‹. ¢˘Ô appleÈı·Ó¤˜ ·Èٛ˜ Â›Ó·È Ù˘¯fiÓ appleÂÚÈÔÚÈÛÌÔ› ÛÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó· ÂappleÈÛÙÚÔÊ‹˜Î·È η΋ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ Ú˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹ apple›ÂÛ˘. ¡· ÂÍËÁ‹ÛÙ ÁÈ·Ù› ÔÈ ‰˘Ô appleÈı·Ó¤˜ ·Èٛ˜ appleÚÔηÏÔ‡Ó ¯·ÌËÏ‹ÚÔ‹ Î·È ˘„ËÏ‹ apple›ÂÛË.


3.3 BA§BI¢E æEKAMOY 57µ∞§µπ¢∂ æ∂∫∞ª√À (ª∂∫)ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN√È ‚·Ï‚›‰Â˜ „ÂηÛÌÔ‡ Â›Ó·È ›Ûˆ˜ ÙÔ ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎfiÙÂÚÔ ÙÌ‹Ì· ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘, ·ÊÔ‡‰›ÓÔ˘Ó ÙËÓ appleÔÛfiÙËÙ· appleÔ˘ ·apple·ÈÙÂ›Ù·È ‹ appleÔ˘ ÔÚ›˙ÂÈ Ô ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜. ∫‡ÚÈÔ˜ ÛÎÔapplefi˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ‰ÂÓ Â›Ó·È ·appleÏ¿ Ë ¤Á¯˘-ÛË ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘, ·ÏÏ¿ Ô ·ÎÚÈ‚‹˜ Û appleÔÛfiÙËÙ· „ÂηÛÌfi˜, ÙËÓ Î·Ù¿ÏÏËÏË ¯ÚÔÓÈ΋ ÛÙÈÁÌ‹. ∂appleÈappleϤÔÓ, ›ӷÈÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎfi, Ë ¤Á¯˘ÛË ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ Ó· Á›ÓÂÙ·È Ì ٤ÙÔÈÔ ÙÚfiappleÔ, ÒÛÙ ӷ ÂappleÈÙ˘Á¯¿ÓÂÙ·È Ë ÔÌÔÈfiÌÔÚÊË ·Ó¿-ÌÈÍË Ì ÙÔÓ ·¤Ú· ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜.∫·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙÈο, Ù· ÌappleÂÎ Â›Ó·È ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓËÙÈΤ˜ ‚·Ï‚›‰Â˜. ÙÔ ÂÛˆÙÂÚÈÎfi ÙÔ˘˜ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ ¤Ó· appleËÓ›Ô Ì ÙÔÓÔappleÏÈÛÌfi ÙÔ˘ Î·È ÙË ‚ÂÏfiÓ·, appleÔ˘ ·ÓÔ›ÁÂÈ Î·È ÎÏ›ÓÂÈ ÙÔ ·ÎÚÔʇÛÈÔ. ŸÙ·Ó ÙÔ appleËÓ›Ô ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙËı› Ì Ú‡̷ ·Ó·-ÛËÎÒÓÂÙ·È Ë ‚ÂÏfiÓ·, Ì ·appleÔÙ¤ÏÂÛÌ· ÙÔ Î·‡ÛÈÌÔ Ó· „ÂηÛÙ› ·applefi ÙÔ ·ÎÚÔʇÛÈÔ. ∂ÓÒ, Ì ÙË ‰È·ÎÔapple‹ ÙÔ˘ Ú‡-Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÛÙÔ appleËÓ›Ô, ¤Ó· ÂÏ·Ù‹ÚÈÔ Âapple·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÈ ÙË ‚ÂÏfiÓ· ÛÙËÓ ·Ú¯È΋ Ù˘ ı¤ÛË, ÒÛÙ ӷ ÎÏ›ÛÂÈ ÙÔ ·ÎÚÔʇÛÈÔ.√È ‚·Ï‚›‰Â˜ „ÂηÛÌÔ‡ ÂϤÁ¯ÔÓÙ·È ·applefi ÙËÓ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰·. ∞˘Ùfi ÛËÌ·›ÓÂÈ fiÙÈ Ô ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜ ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙËÓηٿÛÙ·ÛË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·, ˘appleÔÏÔÁ›˙ÂÈ ÙË ‰È¿ÚÎÂÈ· „ÂηÛÌÔ‡ Î·È ·ÓÙ›ÛÙÔȯ· ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈ› Ù·ÌappleÂÎ, ÙÔ ·Ó¿ÏÔÁÔ ¯ÚÔÓÈÎfi ‰È¿ÛÙËÌ·.∞Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙÔÓ ÙÚfiappleÔ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ οıÂ Û˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ‰È·¯Â›ÚÈÛ˘ „ÂηÛÌÔ‡, Ô ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÓ· ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈ› ÙÔ Î¿ı ÌappleÂΠͯˆÚÈÛÙ¿, ‹ fiÏ· Ì·˙›, ‹ ·ÎfiÌË Î·Ù¿ ÔÌ¿‰Â˜ (˙‡ÁË).°È· ÙÔÓ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô ÙˆÓ ÌappleÂÎ, Â›Ó·È ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÛÙ· ¿ÎÚ· ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ ÙÔ˘˜, ÙËÓÙ¿ÛË ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ Î·È Ó· ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÛÔ˘Ì fiÙÈ ‰¤¯ÔÓÙ·È ÙÔ Û‹Ì· ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔ›ËÛ˘ ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ.√ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜ ÂϤÁ¯ÂÈ Ù· ÌappleÂΠ̤ۈ ‰‡Ô Âapple·ÊÒÓ.∂∞º∏ ƒ√§√ ∂∞º∏ ∆∞∏30 ∂ÏÂÁ¯fiÌÂÓË Á›ˆÛË ÁÈ· Ù· ÌappleÂÎ ªÂ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÛÙË ı¤ÛË √¡, ÁÈ· appleÔÏ‡ÙˆÓ Î˘Ï›Ó‰ÚˆÓ 1 & 4Ï›ÁÔ ¯ÚfiÓÔ 11-14V Î·È ÌÂÙ¿ 0V4 ∂ÏÂÁ¯fiÌÂÓË Á›ˆÛË ÁÈ· Ù· ÌappleÂÎ ªÂ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÛÙË ı¤ÛË √¡, ÁÈ· appleÔÏ‡ÙˆÓ Î˘Ï›Ó‰ÚˆÓ 2 & 3Ï›ÁÔ ¯ÚfiÓÔ 11-14V Î·È ÌÂÙ¿ 0V


58 KEºA§AIO 3: À∆∏ª∞ ∫∞Àπª√Àµ∞§µπ¢∂ æ∂∫∞ª√À (ª∂∫)ºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 3ÎÔapplefi˜:¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› fiÏÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ˘˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘˜ÒÛÙ ӷ ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÓÂÈ ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙˆÓ ÌappleÂÎ.∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ CLIO2. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ3. °¤Ê˘Ú· (ηÏÒ‰ÈÔ) Ì LedÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù˘ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘1. ÈÁÔ˘Ú¢Ù›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÊȘ ·applefi ÙÔ ÌappleÂÎ.3. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ÌappleÂÎ.4. ∂apple·Ó·Ï¿‚ÂÙ ÙË Ì¤ÙÚËÛË ÁÈ· fiÏ· Ù· ÌappleÂÎ.5. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· Î·È Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ appleÔ˘ appleÚԂϤappleÂÈ ÔηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹˜.ª∂∫ ∂∞º∂ ∞¡∆π∆∞∏1 1 & 22 1 & 23 1 & 24 1 & 2


3.3 BA§BI¢E æEKAMOY 59µ∞§µπ¢∂ æ∂∫∞ª√À (ª∂∫)ºY§§O EP°OYŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ ÙˆÓ ÌappleÂÎ1. ÈÁÔ˘Ú¢Ù›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÊȘ ·applefi ÙÔ appleÚÒÙÔ ÌappleÂÎ.3. °˘Ú›ÛÙ ÔÌ·Ï¿ ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ·ÊÔ‡ ‚¿ÏÂÙ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÛÙË ı¤ÛË √¡.4. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ Ù˘ ηٿÏÏËÏ˘ Âapple·Ê‹˜ Î·È Ù˘ Á›ˆÛ˘.5. ∂apple·Ó·Ï¿‚ÂÙ ÙË Ì¤ÙÚËÛË ÁÈ· fiÏ· Ù· ÌappleÂÎ.6. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· Î·È Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ appleÔ˘ appleÚԂϤappleÂÈ Ô Î·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙ‹˜.ª∂∫ ∂∞º∂ ∆∞∏1 1 & Á›ˆÛË2 1 & Á›ˆÛË3 1 & Á›ˆÛË4 1 & Á›ˆÛËŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Û‹Ì·ÙÔ˜1. ÈÁÔ˘Ú¢Ù›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÊȘ ·applefi ÙÔ appleÚÒÙÔ ÌappleÂÎ.3. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Á¤Ê˘Ú· Ì ÙÔ Led ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ÊȘ.4. °˘Ú›ÛÙ ÔÌ·Ï¿ ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ·ÊÔ‡ ‚¿ÏÂÙ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÛÙË ı¤ÛË √¡.5. ¢È·appleÈÛÙÒÛÙ fiÙÈ ÙÔ Led ·Ó·‚ÔÛ‚‹ÓÂÈ.6. ∂apple·Ó·Ï¿‚ÂÙ ÙËÓ ›‰È· ‰È·‰È·Î·Û›· ÁÈ· fiÏ· Ù· ÌappleÂÎ.


60 KEºA§AIO 3: À∆∏ª∞ ∫∞Àπª√ÀAKHH:µ∞§µπ¢∂ æ∂∫∞ª√À (ª∂∫)ºY§§O EP°OY∞) µ)°)Ù· ÙÚ›· apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ Û¯‹Ì·Ù·, Ó· Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ٷ ÌappleÂÎ ÒÛÙ ÛÙÔ ∞ Ó· ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈÔ‡ÓÙ·È fiÏ· Ì·˙›, ÛÙÔ µ Ó·ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈÔ‡ÓÙ·È Î·Ù¿ ˙‡ÁË Î·È ÛÙÔ ° Ó· ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈÂ›Ù·È ÙÔ Î·ı¤Ó· ͯˆÚÈÛÙ¿. (ŸappleÔ˘ ·apple·ÈÙ›ٷÈ, Ó· appleÚÔ-Ûı¤ÛÂÙ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÛÙËÓ appleÏÂ˘Ú¿ ÙÔ˘ ÂÁÎÂÊ¿ÏÔ˘).


3.3 BA§BI¢E æEKAMOY 61µ∞§µπ¢∂ æ∂∫∞ª√À (ª∂∫)ºY§§O EP°AIAAKHH:1. ÙÔ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È fiÙÈ Ù· ÌappleÂÎ „Âο˙Ô˘Ó ÙÔ Î·ı¤Ó· ͯˆÚÈÛÙ¿.·. ˆÛÙfi‚. §¿ıÔ˜2. ∆Ô ÂÍ¿ÚÙËÌ· ∫46, appleÔ˘ ‰È·ÎÚ›ÓÂÙ·È ÛÙÔ ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ·, Â›Ó·È ÙÔ ÎÂÓÙÚÈÎfi ÚÂϤ. ‡Ìʈӷ Ì ·˘Ùfi, Û˘ÌappleÂÚ·›-ÓÔ˘Ì fiÙÈ Ù· ÌappleÂÎ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙÔ‡ÓÙ·È fiÏ· Ì·˙› ÛÙËÓ Âapple·Ê‹ 1 Ì ٿÛË.·. ˆÛÙfi‚. §¿ıÔ˜


62 KEºA§AIO 3: À∆∏ª∞ ∫∞Àπª√À∞¡∆§π∞ ∫∞Àπª√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN∏ ·ÓÙÏ›· η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ËÏÂÎÙÚÈ΋ Î·È ÂÌ‚·appleÙÈ-Ṳ̂ÓË ÛÙÔ ÚÂ˙ÂÚ‚Ô˘¿Ú ÙÔ˘ ·˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘. ¢ËÏ·‰‹,Ë ·ÓÙÏ›· appleÂÚÈ‚Ú¤¯ÂÙ·È ·applefi ÙÔ Î·‡ÛÈÌÔ. ªÂ ·˘ÙfiÓÙÔÓ ÙÚfiappleÔ ÂappleÈÙ˘Á¯¿ÓÂÙ·È Î·È Ë „‡ÍË Ù˘. ∂apple›Û˘,ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎfi Â›Ó·È fiÙÈ ‰ÂÓ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Î›Ó‰˘ÓÔ˜ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ-͢ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ·applefi Ù˘¯fiÓ ÛappleÈÓı‹Ú· ÙÔ˘ ËÏÂ-ÎÙÚÔÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·, ·ÊÔ‡ ‰ÂÓ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ ÁÈ· Ó·Á›ÓÂÈ Î·‡ÛË.∏ apple·ÚÔ¯‹ Ù˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· Â›Ó·È ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚË,Û οı appleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË, ·applefi ÙȘ ·Ó¿ÁΘ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹-Ú·. ∞ÎfiÌË Î·È fiÙ·Ó Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ¤¯ÂÈ ·Ó¿ÁÎË ÁÈ·ÌÂÁ¿ÏË „Âη˙fiÌÂÓË appleÔÛfiÙËÙ·, ı· appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ë ·ÓÙÏ›·Ó· ÛÙ¤ÏÓÂÈ appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚË, ÒÛÙ Û ηÌÈ¿ appleÂÚ›appleÙˆ-ÛË Ó· ÌËÓ ¯·ÌËÏÒÓÂÈ Ë apple›ÂÛË ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.ÙËÓ ·ÓÙÏ›· η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ˘apple¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ‚·Ï‚›‰Â˜ ·ÓÙÂappleÈ-ÛÙÚÔÊ‹˜, ÔÈ Ôappleԛ˜ ÊÚÔÓÙ›˙Ô˘Ó Ó· ÌËÓ apple¤ÊÙÂÈ Ëapple›ÂÛË ÛÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ fiÙ·Ó ÛÙ·Ì·Ù‹ÛÂÈ Ó·ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ› Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜. ŒÙÛÈ Â›Ó·È appleÈÔ Â‡ÎÔÏË ËÂapple·ÓÂÎΛÓËÛË ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Î·È ÂappleÈappleϤÔÓ ·appleÔʇÁÂÙ·È Ë ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ›· Ê˘Û·Ï›‰ˆÓ, ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ·˘ÍË̤Ó˘ ıÂÚ-ÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.∏ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· Ù˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ÂϤÁ¯ÂÙ·È ·applefi ÙÔ ÎÂÓÙÚÈÎfi ÚÂϤ. ªfiÏȘ Á˘Ú›ÛÂÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ Ù˘ ·Ó¿-ÊÏÂ͢ ÛÙË ı¤ÛË √¡, ÙfiÙ ÙÔ ÚÂϤ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙ› ÙËÓ ·ÓÙÏ›· Ì Ú‡̷ Î·È Ë ·ÓÙÏ›· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›. ∂¿Ó ÛÙË Û˘Ó¤-¯ÂÈ· apple·ÙËı› Ë Ì›˙· Î·È Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÙÂı› Û ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙfiÙÂ Ë ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· Ù˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜ Û˘Ó¯›˙ÂÙ·È Î·ÓÔÓÈ-ο. ∂¿Ó, fï˜, ‰ÂÓ ÍÂÎÈÓ‹ÛÂÈ Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÌÂÙ¿ ·applefi ¤Ó· ‰Â˘ÙÂÚfiÏÂappleÙÔ, ÙÔ ÚÂϤ ı· ÛÙ·Ì·Ù‹ÛÂÈ Ó· ÙÚÔÊÔ‰Ô-Ù› Ì Ú‡̷ Î·È Ë ·ÓÙÏ›· ı· apple¿„ÂÈ Ó· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›.∏ ·ÓÙÏ›· η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Î¿Ùˆ ·applefi ÙÔ apple›Ûˆ οıÈÛÌ· ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜.


3.4 ANT§IA ∫∞Àπª√À 63∞¡∆§π∞ ∫∞Àπª√ÀºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 4ÎÔapplefi˜:∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› fiÏÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ˘˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘˜ÒÛÙ ӷ ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÓÂÈ ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· Ù˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ CLIO2. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:1Ô˜ ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜1. ∂ÓÙÔapple›ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙÏ›· ·Ó·ÛËÎÒÓÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ apple›Ûˆ οıÈÛÌ· ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜2. °˘Ú›ÛÙ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË Ù˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ ÛÙË ı¤ÛË √¡.3. ∏ ·ÓÙÏ›· appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÂÈ ÁÈ· ¤Ó· ‰Â˘ÙÂÚfiÏÂappleÙÔ. ∞˘Ùfi ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· Á›ÓÂÈ ·ÓÙÈÏËappleÙfi ·applefi ÙÔ ıfiÚ˘‚ÔÙ˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜, ÂÓÒ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÛÙ ̤۷ ÛÙÔ fi¯ËÌ·.2Ô˜ ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜1. √ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ∞Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÎÂÓÙÚÈÎfi ÚÂϤ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.


64 KEºA§AIO 3: À∆∏ª∞ ∫∞Àπª√À∞¡∆§π∞ ∫∞Àπª√ÀºY§§O EP°OY3. °ÂÊ˘ÚÒÛÙ ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ L5 Î·È L3 ÙÔ˘ ÚÂϤ Ì ¤Ó· ηٿÏÏËÏÔ Î·ÏÒ‰ÈÔ.L3F K HLML5L1L24. ∏ ·ÓÙÏ›· appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ› ‰È·ÚÎÒ˜ ÌfiÏȘ Á˘Ú›ÛÙ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢.3Ô˜ ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜1. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÊȘ ·applefi ÙËÓ ·ÓÙÏ›· η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.2. °˘Ú›ÛÙ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË.3. ∂ϤÁÍÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ, fiappleˆ˜ ‰Â›¯ÓÂÈ ÙÔ Û¯‹Ì·:4. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù‹Ó appleÔ˘ appleÚÔÙ›ÓÂÈ Ô Î·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙ‹˜:∂∞º∂∆∞∏C1&C2∂ƒø∆∏∏∫·Ù¿ ÙËÓ appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔ›ËÛË ÙÔ˘ appleÚÒÙÔ˘ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘, fiappleˆ˜ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÙ·È ÛÙÔ Ê‡ÏÏÔ ¤ÚÁÔ˘, Ë ·ÓÙÏ›· ‰Â ÏÂÈÙÔ˘Ú-Á›. ∂ÓÒ, ηٿ ÙËÓ appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔ›ËÛË ÙÔ˘ ‰Â‡ÙÂÚÔ˘ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘, Ë ·ÓÙÏ›· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›. ∂ÍËÁ‹ÛÙ appleÔÈ· Â›Ó·È Ë appleÈı·-Ó‹ ‚Ï¿‚Ë.


3.4 ANT§IA ∫∞Àπª√À 65∞∫∏∏∞¡∆§π∞ ∫∞Àπª√ÀºY§§O EP°AIA¡· ÙÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÂÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙÏ›· Î·È ÛÙ· ‰‡Ô Û¯‹Ì·Ù· ¤ÙÛÈ ÒÛÙ ÛÙËÓ appleÚÒÙË appleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË Ó· Â›Ó·È ÂÌ‚·appleÙÈ-Ṳ̂ÓË Î·È ÛÙËÓ ¿ÏÏË fi¯È. ∂apple›Û˘ Ó· ÔÓÔÌ¿ÛÂÙÂ Î·È Ó· Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÂÙ Ì ÁÚ·Ì̤˜ Ù· ÂÍ·ÚÙ‹Ì·Ù· ÙÔ˘ ˘appleÔÛ˘ÛÙ‹-Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.∞)µ)


KEºA§AIO 4À∆∏ª∞ ∂π∞°ø°∏ ∞∂ƒ∞4.1 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ı¤Û˘ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·˜ Áη˙ÈÔ‡4.2 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ·applefiÏ˘Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘4.3 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ ·¤Ú·4.4 µ·Ï‚›‰· appleÚfiÛıÂÙÔ˘ ·¤Ú·


4.1 ∞I£HTHPA £EH ETA§OY¢A °KAZIOY 69ª∂∆ƒ∏∏ °ø¡π∞ ∂∆∞§√À¢∞ °∫∞∑π√À ª∂ √∆∂¡π√ª∂∆ƒ√ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN∆Ô appleÔÙÂÓÛÈfiÌÂÙÚÔ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÂ›Ù·È ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Ì¤ÙÚËÛË Ù˘ ÁˆÓ›·˜ Ù˘ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·˜ ÙÔ˘ Áη˙ÈÔ‡. √ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜apple·›ÚÓÂÈ ÙËÓ appleÏËÚÔÊÔÚ›·, Ë ÔappleÔ›· ÙÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ¯Ú‹ÛÈÌË ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ·Ó·ÁÓÒÚÈÛË ÙÔ˘ ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ›, ÙÔ˘ appleÏ‹ÚÔ˘˜ ÊÔÚÙ›Ô˘,ηıÒ˜ Î·È ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ ÙÚfiappleÔ ÂappleÈÙ¿¯˘ÓÛ˘ ‹ ÂappleÈ‚Ú¿‰˘ÓÛ˘.∂apple›Û˘, Û appleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË ‚Ï¿‚˘ ÙÔ˘ ÌÂÙÚËÙ‹ ·applefiÏ˘Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ (ÌÂÙÚËÙ‹˜ ÊÔÚÙ›Ô˘), ÂÍ·ÛÊ·Ï›˙ÂÈ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Û ηٿÛÙ·ÛË ¤ÎÙ·ÎÙ˘ ·Ó¿Á΢.√ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜ apple·Ú¤¯ÂÈ Ù¿ÛË ÛÙÔ˘˜ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙ˜ ÙÔ˘ appleÔÙÂÓÛÈfiÌÂÙÚÔ˘, ÙÔ ÔappleÔ›Ô Ì ÙË ÛÂÈÚ¿ ÙÔ˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙ› ÌÂÙ¿ÛË ÂÍfi‰Ô˘ ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ appleÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ·Ó¿ÏÔÁË Ì ÙÔ ¿ÓÔÈÁÌ· Ù˘ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·˜.°È· Ó· ÂϤÁÍÔ˘Ì ÙÔ appleÔÙÂÓÛÈfiÌÂÙÚÔ, appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÛÔ˘ÌÂ Â¿Ó ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙÂ›Ù·È Ì ÙË ÛˆÛÙ‹ Ù¿ÛË (·applefiÙËÓ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘) Î·È ÛÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· Ó· appleÂÚ¿ÛÔ˘Ì Û ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ›‰ÈÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·, ÌÂÙÚÒ-ÓÙ·˜ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÛÙÔ˘˜ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙ˜ ÙÔ˘.∆Ô appleÔÙÂÓÛÈfiÌÂÙÚÔ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Ì ÙÚÂȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÛÙËÓ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘:∂∞º∏ ƒ√§√ ∂∞º∏ ∆∞∏45 ∆ÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›· appleÔÙÂÓÛÈfiÌÂÙÚÔ˘ Ì ٿÛË 5 Volts19 ‹Ì· Ù¿Û˘ appleÚÔ˜ ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ ·Ó¿ÏÔÁÔ Ì ÙÔ ¿ÓÔÈÁÌ· Ù˘ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·˜ Œˆ˜ 4 Volts46 °Â›ˆÛË 0 Volts


70 KEºA§AIO 4: À∆∏ª∞ EIA°ø°H AEPA√∆∂¡π√ª∂∆ƒ√ ∂∆∞§√À¢∞ °∫∞∑π√ÀºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 1ÎÔapplefi˜:∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› fiÏÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ˘˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘˜ÒÛÙ ӷ ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÓÂÈ ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÂÓfi˜ appleÔÙÂÓÛÈfiÌÂÙÚÔ˘.1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ CLIO2. Break out box3. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:˘Ì‚Ô˘Ï‹:°È· Ó· Á›ÓÔ˘Ó ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂȘ apple¿Óˆ ÛÙÔ appleÔÙÂÓÛÈfiÌÂÙÚÔ, ı· appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ·Ê·ÈÚÂı› Ë appleÔÏ-Ï·appleÏ‹ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜. ∂¿Ó ‰ÂÓ ·Ê·ÈÚÂı› Ë appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜, ÙfiÙÂ Ë appleÚfiÛ‚·ÛË ‰ÂÓÂ›Ó·È Â‡ÎÔÏË Î·È ÔÈ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂȘ ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· Á›ÓÔ˘Ó Ì ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË ÙÔ˘ break out box.ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·1. ÈÁÔ˘Ú¢Ù›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Â›Ó·È ÛÙÔ OFF.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Ê›Û· apple¿Óˆ ·applefi ÙÔ appleÔÙÂÓÛÈfiÌÂÙÚÔ Ù˘ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·˜.3. °˘Ú›ÛÙ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÛÙË ı¤ÛË √¡.4. ∂ϤÁÍÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Î·Ù¿ÏÏËÏˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ apple¿Óˆ ÛÙË Ê›Û·.5. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· Î·È Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.∂∞º∂∆∞∏1&3ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜1. ÈÁÔ˘Ú¢Ù›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Â›Ó·È ÛÙÔ OFF.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Ê›Û· apple¿Óˆ ·applefi ÙÔ appleÔÙÂÓÛÈfiÌÂÙÚÔ Ù˘ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·˜.3. ∂ϤÁÍÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ ÙÔ˘ appleÔÙÂÓÛÈfiÌÂÙÚÔ˘.


4.1 ∞I£HTHPA £EH ETA§OY¢A °KAZIOY 71√∆∂¡π√ª∂∆ƒ√ ∂∆∞§√À¢∞ °∫∞∑π√ÀºY§§O EP°OY4. ∫ÈÓ›ÛÙ ÙËÓ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·, ÂÓÒ ÂϤÁ¯ÂÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ 1 Î·È 2.5. ∏ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ·ÏÏ¿˙ÂÈ ÔÌ·Ï¿.6. ∫ÈÓ›ÛÙ ÙËÓ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·, ÂÓÒ ÂϤÁ¯ÂÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ 2 Î·È 3.7. ∏ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ·ÏÏ¿˙ÂÈ ÔÌ·Ï¿.8. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· Î·È Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹:∂∞º∂ À¡£∏∫∂ ∞¡∆π∆∞∏1 & 3 –1 & 2 ∏ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· ÎÏÂÈÛÙ‹1 & 2 ∏ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· Ù¤ÚÌ· ·ÓÔÈÎÙ‹2 & 3 ∏ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· ÎÏÂÈÛÙ‹2 & 3 ∏ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· Ù¤ÚÌ· ·ÓÔÈÎÙ‹AKHH:ÙȘ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂȘ Ù˘ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ appleÚÔÛı¤ÛÙ ¿ÏÏË Ì›· Ì ÙËÓ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· Û ÂӉȿÌÂÛË ı¤ÛË Î·ÈÛ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·:∂∞º∂ À¡£∏∫∂ ∞¡∆π∆∞∏1 & 2 ∏ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· ÎÏÂÈÛÙ‹1 & 2 ∏ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· Û ÂӉȿÌÂÛË ı¤ÛË1 & 2 ∏ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· Ù¤ÚÌ· ·ÓÔÈÎÙ‹∂apple›Û˘, Ì ÙË ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ break out box Î·È ÙÔ˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎÔ‡ ‰È·ÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜, apple¿ÚÙ ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂȘ Ù¿Û˘ Ì ÙԉȷÎfiappleÙË ÛÙË ı¤ÛË √¡ Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·:∂∞º∂ ∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ ∂∞º∂ Break out box À¡£∏∫∂ ∆∞∏2 & 3 ∏ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· ÎÏÂÈÛÙ‹2 & 3 ∏ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· Û ÂӉȿÌÂÛË ı¤ÛË2 & 3 ∏ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· Ù¤ÚÌ· ·ÓÔÈÎÙ‹


72 KEºA§AIO 4: À∆∏ª∞ EIA°ø°H AEPA√∆∂¡π√ª∂∆ƒ√ ∂∆∞§√À¢∞ °∫∞∑π√ÀºY§§O EP°OYªÂ ‚¿ÛË ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ ÙˆÓ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ appleÈӿΈÓ, ÊÙÈ¿Í ÙȘ ηÌapple‡Ï˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ Î·È Ù¿Û˘ ÛÙÔ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ‰È¿-ÁÚ·ÌÌ· Û ۯ¤ÛË Ì ÙÔ ¿ÓÔÈÁÌ· Ù˘ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·˜:ÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·ÎÏÂÈÛÙ‹ÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· ÛÂÂӉȿÌÂÛË ı¤ÛËÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰··ÓÔÈÎÙ‹ Ù¤ÚÌ·


4.1 ∞I£HTHPA £EH ETA§OY¢A °KAZIOY 73√∆∂¡π√ª∂∆ƒ√ ∂∆∞§√À¢∞ °∫∞∑π√ÀºY§§O EP°AIAªÂ ‚¿ÛË ÙÔ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ·, Ó· ·apple·ÓÙ‹ÛÂÙ ÛÙȘ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ÂÚˆÙ‹ÛÂȘ:1. ªÂٷ͇ appleÔÈˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ı· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û‹ ÙÔ˘, ÒÛÙ ӷ ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÛÂÙ ÙËÓηϋ ηٿÛÙ·Û‹ ÙÔ˘;2. ªÂٷ͇ appleÔÈˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ ı· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË appleÔ˘ apple·Ú¤¯ÂÈ Ë ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÛÙÔ appleÔÙÂÓÛÈfi-ÌÂÙÚÔ;3. ÔȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ı· ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÂÙ ÁÈ· Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË appleÔ˘ ÛÙ¤ÏÓÂÈ Ô ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ;


74 KEºA§AIO 4: À∆∏ª∞ EIA°ø°H AEPAª∂∆ƒ∏∆∏ ∞√§À∆∏ π∂∏ ∆∏¡ √§§∞§∏ ∂π∞°ø°∏ ª∂∆ƒ∏∏ º√ƒ∆π√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN∞apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ Ì¤ÁÂıÔ˜ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ ˘appleÔÏÔÁÈÛÌfi Ù˘ ‰È¿ÚÎÂÈ·˜ „ÂηÛÌÔ‡ Â›Ó·È Ë appleÔÛfiÙËÙ· ÙÔ˘ ÂÈÛÂÚ¯fiÌÂÓÔ˘ ·¤Ú·.ŒÓ·˜ ÙÚfiappleÔ˜ ÁÈ· Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙË ÚÔ‹ Ù˘ Ì¿˙·˜ ÙÔ˘ ·¤Ú· Â›Ó·È Ó· ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙÔ ÌÂÙÚËÙ‹ ·applefiÏ˘-Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ ÛÙËÓ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜ (ª∞ƒ). ∂›Ó·È ¤Ó·˜ ¤ÌÌÂÛÔ˜ ÙÚfiappleÔ˜ ˘appleÔÏÔÁÈÛÌÔ‡ Ù˘ Ì¿˙·˜ ÙÔ˘ ·¤Ú·.√ ÌÂÙÚËÙ‹˜ ·˘Ùfi˜ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ› appleÈÂ˙ÔËÏÂÎÙÚÈΤ˜ ·ÓÙÈÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ, ÔÈ Ôappleԛ˜ Â›Ó·È Ì¤ÚÔ˜ ÌÈ·˜ Á¤Ê˘Ú·˜Wheatstone. √È ·ÓÙÈÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ ·˘Ù¤˜ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÙËÓ È‰ÈfiÙËÙ· Ó· ‰È·ÊÔÚÔappleÔÈÔ‡Ó ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û‹ ÙÔ˘˜ Û ۯ¤ÛË ÌÂÙËÓ apple›ÂÛË appleÔ˘ ÂappleÈÎÚ·Ù›. √ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜ ÏÔÈapplefiÓ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙ› Ì ٿÛË 5 Volts ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·, Ô ÔappleÔ›Ô˜ Ì ÙËÛÂÈÚ¿ ÙÔ˘ apple·Ú¤¯ÂÈ ÌÈ· Ù¿ÛË ·Ó¿ÏÔÁË Ì ÙËÓ ÌÂÙÚÔ‡ÌÂÓË apple›ÂÛË.°È· Ó· ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÛÔ˘Ì ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ÌÂÙÚËÙ‹ ·applefiÏ˘Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘, appleÚ¤appleÂÈ appleÚÒÙ· Ó· ÂϤÁÍÔ˘Ì ¿ÓÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙÂ›Ù·È Ì ÙÔ ÛˆÛÙfi Û‹Ì· Ù¿Û˘ ·applefi ÙË ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ Î·È ÛÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘ÌÂ Â¿Ó Ô·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ apple·Ú¿ÁÂÈ ÙÔ Î·Ù¿ÏÏËÏÔ Û‹Ì· Ù¿Û˘ ÛÙȘ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙÔȯ˜ Âapple·Ê¤˜.√ ÌÂÙÚËÙ‹˜ ·applefiÏ˘Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹˜ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Ì ÙÚÂȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÛÙËÓ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘:∂∞º∏ ƒ√§√ ∂∞º∏ ∆∞∏16 ‹Ì· Ù¿Û˘ appleÚÔ˜ ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ ·Ó¿ÏÔÁÔ Ì ÙËÓ ·applefiÏ˘ÙË apple›ÂÛË Œˆ˜ÛÙËÓ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜4,7 Volts44 °Â›ˆÛË 0 Volts45 ∆¿ÛË ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ appleÚÔ˜ ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· 5 Volts


4.2 ∞I£HTHPA AO§YTH IEH 75ª∂∆ƒ∏∆∏ ∞√§À∆∏ π∂∏ ∆∏¡ √§§∞§∏ ∂π∞°ø°∏ ª∂∆ƒ∏∏ º√ƒ∆π√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN


76 KEºA§AIO 4: À∆∏ª∞ EIA°ø°H AEPAª∂∆ƒ∏∆∏ ∞√§À∆∏ π∂∏ (ª∞ƒ)ºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 2ÎÔapplefi˜:∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› fiÏÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ˘˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘˜ÒÛÙ ӷ ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÓÂÈ ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÂÓfi˜ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ·applefiÏ˘Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘.1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ CLIO2. Break Out Box3. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·1. √ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ó· Â›Ó·È Û‚ËÛÙfi˜ (OFF).2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Ê›Û· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.3. °˘Ú›ÛÙ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÛÙË ı¤ÛË ON.4. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ Ì ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ A Î·È C.5. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· Î·È Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹:∂§∂°Ã√ ∆∞∏ ∆ƒ√º√¢√π∞∂∞º∂∆∞∏∞ & CŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·1. ÈÁÔ˘Ú¢Ù›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ Break Out Box ÛÙÔ ·˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ.3. ∞applefi ÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· ÂÓÙÔapple›ÛÙ ÙȘ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙÔȯ˜ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ÂÁÎÂÊ¿ÏÔ˘, appleÔ˘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÔÓÙ·È Ì ÙÔÌÂÙÚËÙ‹ Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple›Ó·Î·.4. °˘Ú›ÛÂÙ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÛÙË ı¤ÛË √¡.5. ∂ϤÁÍÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ.6. µ¿ÏÙ Û ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.7. ∞Ê‹ÛÙ ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Ó· ‰Ô˘Ï‡ÂÈ Û ηٿÛÙ·ÛË ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ›.


4.2 ∞I£HTHPA AO§YTH IEH 77ª∂∆ƒ∏∆∏ ∞√§À∆∏ π∂∏ (ª∞ƒ)ºY§§O EP°OY8. ∂ϤÁÍÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ.9. ∞˘Í‹ÛÙ ÙȘ ÛÙÚÔʤ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ·applefiÙÔÌ·.10. ∂ϤÁÍÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ.11. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ apple›Ó·Î· ÙÈÌÒÓ:∂∞º∂ ª∂∆ƒ∏∆∏ ∂∞º∂ Break out box À¡£∏∫∂ ∆∞∏∞ & µ ¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ √¡∞ & µƒÂÏ·ÓÙ›∞ & µÏ‹Ú˜ ÊÔÚÙ›Ô12. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ appleÔ˘ appleÚԂϤappleÂÈ Ô Î·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙ‹˜.∂PøTHEI:1.  ÌÈ· ÂӉȿÌÂÛË ı¤ÛË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· (Û ۯ¤ÛË Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ appleÔ˘ ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔÓ apple›Ó·Î·), ËÙ¿ÛË appleÔ˘ ÛÙ¤ÏÓÂÈ Ô ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ‰ÂÓ ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· ÍÂappleÂÚÓ¿ÂÈ Ù· __________ Volts;2. ŸÙ·Ó Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ‰ÂÓ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ› Î·È Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË √¡, ÙfiÙÂ Ô ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ì·˜ apple·Ú¤¯ÂÈ ÌÈ·Ù¿ÛË appleÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ¤Ó‰ÂÈÍË ·ÙÌÔÛÊ·ÈÚÈ΋˜ apple›ÂÛ˘.ø∆√§∞£√3. ∆Ô apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· ·ÓÙÈappleÚÔÛˆapple‡ÂÈ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÂÓfi˜ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ·applefiÏ˘Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹˜ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜;NAIOXI∆¿ÛË ÂÍfi‰Ô˘ V∞applefiÏ˘ÙË apple›ÂÛË ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜ kPa


78 KEºA§AIO 4: À∆∏ª∞ EIA°ø°H AEPAª∂∆ƒ∏∆∏ ∞√§À∆∏ π∂∏ ∆∏¡ √§§∞§∏ ∂π∞°ø°∏-ª∂∆ƒ∏∏ º√ƒ∆π√ÀºY§§O EP°AIA1. ÙÔ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ ·applefiÛapple·ÛÌ· ÙÔ˘ ‰È·ÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜ Ó· ÂÓÒÛÂÙ ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ì ÙȘ ÛˆÛÙ¤˜Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ÂÁÎÂÊ¿ÏÔ˘.2. ∞ÊÔ‡ ¤¯ÂÙ ÂÓÒÛÂÈ ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜, Ì ‚¤ÏË Ó· ‰Â›ÍÂÙ ÙË ÚÔ‹ ÙˆÓ ÛËÌ¿ÙˆÓ.


4.3 ∞I£HTHPA £EPMOKPAIA AEPA 79∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ £∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ ∞∂ƒ∞ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøNŒÓ· ̤ÁÂıÔ˜, appleÔ˘ ¤¯ÂÈ ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎfi ÚfiÏÔ ÛÙÔÓ ˘appleÔÏÔÁÈÛÌfi Ù˘ Ì¿˙·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÂÈÛÂÚ¯fiÌÂÓÔ˘ ·¤Ú· (ÊÔÚÙ›Ô˘) ·ÏÏ¿Î·È ÛÙÔÓ ˘appleÔÏÔÁÈÛÌfi Ù˘ appleÚÔappleÔÚ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÛappleÈÓı‹Ú·, Â›Ó·È Ë ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›· ÙÔ˘ ·¤Ú· ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜.√ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ ·¤Ú· apple·Ú¤¯ÂÈ ÙËÓ appleÏËÚÔÊÔÚ›· ÛÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ, Ô ÔappleÔ›Ô˜ Ì ÙË ÛÂÈÚ¿ ÙÔ˘ ÛÂÛ˘Ó‰˘·ÛÌfi Ì ÙÔ ÌÂÙÚËÙ‹ ·applefiÏ˘Ù˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ Î·È ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÛÙÚÔÊÒÓ, ˘appleÔÏÔÁ›˙ÂÈ ÙÔ ÊÔÚÙ›Ô appleÔ˘ ηÏ›-Ù·È Ó· ·ÓÙÈÌÂÙˆapple›ÛÂÈ Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜.∫·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙÈο, Ô ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ ·¤Ú· ‰ÂÓ Â›Ó·È Ù›appleÔÙ ¿ÏÏÔ ·applefi ÌÈ· ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË Ì ·ÚÓËÙÈÎfiÛ˘ÓÙÂÏÂÛÙ‹ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ (ıÂÚÌ›ÛÙÔÚ). ∞˘Ùfi ÛËÌ·›ÓÂÈ fiÙÈ fiÛÔ ·˘Í¿ÓÂÙ·È Ë ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›· ÙÔ˘ ·¤Ú· ÙfiÛÔ ÌÂÈÒ-ÓÂÙ·È Ë ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÛÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.∏ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÌÂÙÚÒÓÙ·˜ ÙËÓ appleÙÒÛË Ù¿Û˘ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙ˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·«·ÓÙÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÙ·È» ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË appleÔ˘ apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÈ, Î·È Î·Ù¿ Û˘Ó¤appleÂÈ· ÙË ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›· ÙÔ˘.√ οı ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÈ ÛÂ Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤Ó˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎڷۛ˜ ÔÚÈṲ̂Ó˜ ÙÈ̤˜ ˆÌÈ΋˜ ·ÓÙ›-ÛÙ·Û˘. ŒÙÛÈ ÁÈ· Ó· ÂϤÁÍÔ˘Ì ¤Ó·Ó Ù¤ÙÔÈÔ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ·ÚΛ Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û‹ ÙÔ˘ Û ÔÚÈṲ̂ÓË·applefi ÙÔÓ Î·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙ‹ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·.√ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Ì ÙËÓ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ Ì ‰˘Ô Âapple·Ê¤˜:∂∞º∏ ƒ√§√ ∆∞∏20 ‹Ì· appleÚÔ˜ ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ ·applefi ªÂ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË √¡ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·Û ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›· 10ÆC3 V46 °Â›ˆÛË 0 V


80 KEºA§AIO 4: À∆∏ª∞ EIA°ø°H AEPA∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ £∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ ∞∂ƒ∞ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN


4.3 ∞I£HTHPA £EPMOKPAIA AEPA 81∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ £∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ ∞∂ƒ∞ ∂π∞°ø°∏ºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 3ÎÔapplefi˜:¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› fiÏÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ˘˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘˜ ÒÛÙÂÓ· ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÓÂÈ ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÂÓfi˜ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ ·¤Ú· ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜.∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ CLIO2. Break Out Box3. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ4. £ÂÚÌfiÌÂÙÚÔÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:1. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÊȘ ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.2. ∂ϤÁÍÙ ÙË ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›· ÙÔ˘ appleÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓÙÔ˜ ·¤Ú·.3. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÛÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.∏ª∂πø∏: °È· ÙË Û˘ÌappleÏ‹ÚˆÛË ÙˆÓ ÙÈÌÒÓ ÙÔ˘ apple›Ó·Î·, ·apple·ÈÙÂ›Ù·È Ë ·Ê·›ÚÂÛË ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Î·È Ë Âapple›-Ù¢ÍË ÙˆÓ Î·Ù¿ÏÏËÏˆÓ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·ÛÈÒÓ.£∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞∞¡∆π∆∞∏0ÆC20ÆC40ÆC4. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ apple›Ó·Î· ÙÈÌÒÓ Î·È Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ appleÔ˘ appleÚÔÙ›ÓÂÈ Ô Î·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙ‹˜:


82 KEºA§AIO 4: À∆∏ª∞ EIA°ø°H AEPA∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ £∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ ∞∂ƒ∞ ∂π∞°ø°∏ºY§§O EP°OY∂PøTHEI:1. ∆Ô apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· ·ÓÙÈappleÚÔÛˆapple‡ÂÈ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÂÓfi˜ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜.∞ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË£ÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·NAIOXI2. ÔÈÔ˜ Ô ÏfiÁÔ˜ ‡apple·Ú͢ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ ·¤Ú·;


4.3 ∞I£HTHPA £EPMOKPAIA AEPA 83∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ £∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ ∞∂ƒ∞ ∂π∞°ø°∏ºY§§O EP°AIAÙÔ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ Û¯‹Ì· ·ÊÔ‡ ÂÓÒÛÂÙ ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ÂÁÎÂÊ¿ÏÔ˘, Ó· ‰Â›ÍÂÙ ÙË ÚÔ‹ÙˆÓ ÛËÌ¿ÙˆÓ ·applefi Î·È appleÚÔ˜ ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ.


84 KEºA§AIO 4: À∆∏ª∞ EIA°ø°H AEPAµ∞§µπ¢∞ ƒ√£∂∆√À ∞∂ƒ∞ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN√ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÙÔ˘ ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ› Â›Ó·È ¤Ó· ÛËÌ·ÓÙÈÎfi ̤ÚÔ˜ Ù˘ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·. ŒÓ·˜ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ ηχÙÂÚÔ˘˜ÙÚfiappleÔ˘˜ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô ÙÔ˘ ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ› Â›Ó·È Ë ¯Ú‹ÛË ÙÔ˘ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎÔ‡ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.√ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi˜ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÂϤÁ¯ÂÈ ÙË ‰È·ÙÔÌ‹ ÂÓfi˜ ·ÁˆÁÔ‡, appleÔ˘ apple·Ú·Î¿ÌappleÙÂÈ ÙËÓ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· ÙÔ˘ Áη˙ÈÔ‡.ŒÙÛÈ, ÌÈ· appleÔÛfiÙËÙ· ·¤Ú·, Ë ÔappleÔ›· appleÂÚÓ¿ÂÈ ·applefi ·˘ÙfiÓ ÙÔÓ ·ÁˆÁfi, ‰ÂÓ ÂϤÁ¯ÂÙ·È ·applefi ÙËÓ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·, ·ÏÏ¿·applefi ÙÔ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÌÔÙ¤Ú, ÙÔ ÔappleÔ›Ô Ì ÙË ÛÂÈÚ¿ ÙÔ˘ ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈÂ›Ù·È ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ.∫·Ù¿ ·˘ÙfiÓ ÙÔÓ ÙÚfiappleÔ, ·ÓÙÈÌÂÙˆapple›˙ÂÙ·È Ë ·‡ÍËÛË ÙÔ˘ ÊÔÚÙ›Ô˘, Ë ÔappleÔ›· ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· appleÚÔÎÏËı› ·applefi ¤Ó·ÓÎÚ‡Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·, ·applefi ÙËÓ ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔ›ËÛË ÙÔ˘ air condition ‹ ·applefi ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ˘‰Ú·˘ÏÈÎÔ‡ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡ Î.Ïapple.∆Ô ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÌÔÙ¤Ú appleÂÚȤ¯ÂÈ ÂÛˆÙÂÚÈο ‰‡Ô appleËÓ›· Ì ÙË ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ· ÙˆÓ ÔappleÔ›ˆÓ appleÂÚÈÛÙÚ¤ÊÂÙ·È ‚ËÌ·ÙÈο ¤Ó·˜ÚfiÙÔÚ·˜. ∏ ‰È·‰Èηۛ· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÙÔ˘ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎÔ‡ ÌÔÙ¤Ú Ô˘ÛÈ·ÛÙÈο appleÂÚÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ ÙË ‰È·apple›ÛÙˆÛË Ù˘ ÛˆÛÙ‹˜·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ÙˆÓ ‰˘Ô appleËÓ›ˆÓ.∆Ô ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÌÔÙ¤Ú Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Ì ÙËÓ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ Ì ٤ÛÛÂÚȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜:∂∞º∏ ƒ√§√ ∂∞º∏ ∆∞∏9 ∂ÍÂÚ¯fiÌÂÓÔ Û‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ IGNITION ONappleÚÔ˜ ÙÔ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÌÔÙ¤Ú0,27 V9 ∂ÍÂÚ¯fiÌÂÓÔ Û‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ ƒ∂§∞¡∆πappleÚÔ˜ ÙÔ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÌÔÙ¤Ú4 V/50 ms35 ∂ÍÂÚ¯fiÌÂÓÔ Û‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ IGNITION ONappleÚÔ˜ ÙÔ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÌÔÙ¤Ú11 V35 ∂ÍÂÚ¯fiÌÂÓÔ Û‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ ƒ∂§∞¡∆πappleÚÔ˜ ÙÔ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÌÔÙ¤Ú4 V/50 ms


4.4 BA§BI¢A PO£ETOY AEPA 85µ∞§µπ¢∞ ƒ√£∂∆√À ∞∂ƒ∞ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN∂∞º∏ ƒ√§√ ∂∞º∏ ∆∞∏36 ∂ÍÂÚ¯fiÌÂÓÔ Û‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ IGNITION ONappleÚÔ˜ ÙÔ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÌÔÙ¤Ú0,26 V36 ∂ÍÂÚ¯fiÌÂÓÔ Û‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ ƒ∂§∞¡∆πappleÚÔ˜ ÙÔ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÌÔÙ¤Ú4 V/50 ms40 ∂ÍÂÚ¯fiÌÂÓÔ Û‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ IGNITION ONappleÚÔ˜ ÙÔ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÌÔÙ¤Ú11 V40 ∂ÍÂÚ¯fiÌÂÓÔ Û‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ ƒ∂§∞¡∆πappleÚÔ˜ ÙÔ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÌÔÙ¤Ú4 V/50 ms


86 KEºA§AIO 4: À∆∏ª∞ EIA°ø°H AEPA∞∫∏∏ 4µ∏ª∞∆π∫√ ª√∆∂ƒºY§§O EP°OYÎÔapplefi˜:¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› fiÏÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ˘˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘˜ÒÛÙ ӷ ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÓÂÈ ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÂÓfi˜ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎÔ‡ ÌÔÙ¤Ú.∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ CLIO2. Break Out Box3. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:˘Ì‚Ô˘Ï‹: ∏ ‚·Ï‚›‰· appleÚfiÛıÂÙÔ˘ ·¤Ú· Â›Ó·È appleÚÔÛ‚¿ÛÈÌË ·applefi ÙËÓ Î¿Ùˆ appleÏÂ˘Ú¿ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.Èڛ˜ ÙÔ Break out box1. ÈÁÔ˘Ú¢Ù›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÊȘ ·applefi ÙÔ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÌÔÙ¤Ú.3. ∂ϤÁÍÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ.4. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· Î·È Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.∂∞º∂∞¡∆π∆∞∏A & DB & CªÂ ÙÔ Break out box∏ª∂πø∏: ∂appleÂȉ‹ ÔÈ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎÔ‡ ÌÔÙ¤Ú Û˘Ó‰¤ÔÓÙ·È ¿ÌÂÛ· Ì ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜, ÌappleÔÚԇ̠ӷ apple¿ÚÔ˘Ì ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂȘ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ¯ˆÚ›˜ ÌÂÁ¿Ï˜ ·appleÔÎÏ›ÛÂȘ.1. ÈÁÔ˘Ú¢Ù›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ break out box.3. ∂ϤÁÍÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ.4. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔ ‰ÈappleÏ·Ófi apple›Ó·Î· Î·È Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹:∂∞º∂35 & 940 & 36∞¡∆π∆∞∏


4.4 BA§BI¢A PO£ETOY AEPA 87AKHH:µ∏ª∞∆π∫√ ª√∆∂ƒºY§§O EP°OYÙÔ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ Û¯‹Ì· Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È ÙÔ ÂÛˆÙÂÚÈÎfi ÂÓfi˜ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎÔ‡ ÌÔÙ¤Ú. ‡Ìʈӷ Ì ÙËÓ ¿ÛÎËÛË appleÔ˘ appleÚ·Á-Ì·ÙÔappleÔÈ‹Û·Ù appleÚÔËÁÔ˘Ì¤Óˆ˜, Ó· ÙÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÂÙ ÛÙÔ Û¯‹Ì· ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ A, B, C, D.


88 KEºA§AIO 4: À∆∏ª∞ EIA°ø°H AEPAµ∞§µπ¢∞ ƒ√£∂∆√À ∞∂ƒ∞ºY§§O EP°AIAÙÔ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È Ë Û˘Ó‰ÂÛÌÔÏÔÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎÔ‡ ÌÔÙ¤Ú Ì ÙËÓ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘.I. Ò˜ ηٿ ÙË ÁÓÒÌË Û·˜ ı· ÂϤÁÍÔ˘Ì ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÙˆÓ appleËÓ›ˆÓ:·) ∂ϤÁ¯ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ 35-40 Î·È 36-9.‚) ∂ϤÁ¯ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ 35-9 Î·È 40-36.Á) ∂ϤÁ¯ÔÓÙ·˜ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ 35-36 Î·È 40-9.∂appleÈϤÍÙ ÙÔ ÛˆÛÙfi.ππ. fiÛË ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ˘appleÔÏÔÁ›˙ÂÙ fiÙÈ ı· ‚Ú›Ù ·Ó ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂÙ ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ 40 Î·È 35;


KEºA§AIO 5À∆∏ª∞ ANAº§E•H5.1 ÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹˜


5.1 O§§A§AIATH 91√§§∞§∞π∞∆∏ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN∆Ô Û‡ÛÙËÌ· ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢, Â›Ó·È ¯ˆÚ›˜ ‰È·ÓÔ̤·. ∞˘Ùfi ÛËÌ·›ÓÂÈ fiÙÈ ‰ÂÓ ˘apple¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ÎÈÓÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤ÚË, Ì ·appleÔÙ¤ÏÂ-ÛÌ· ÔÈ ·appleÒÏÂȘ Ù¿Û˘ Ó· Â›Ó·È appleÔχ ÌÈÎÚ¤˜.°È· ÙËÓ Âapple›Ù¢ÍË ÙÔ˘ ÛÎÔappleÔ‡ ÙÔ˘, ÙÔ Û‡ÛÙËÌ· ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ› ‰‡Ô ‰›‰˘ÌÔ˘˜ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ¤˜. √οı appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹˜ apple·Ú¿ÁÂÈ Ù·˘Ùfi¯ÚÔÓ· ‰˘Ô ÛappleÈÓı‹Ú˜ Ì ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈÎfi ÂÓÂÚÁÂÈ·Îfi appleÂÚȯfiÌÂÓÔ. √ÛappleÈÓı‹Ú·˜ Ì ÙÔ ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚÔ ÂÓÂÚÁÂÈ·Îfi appleÂÚȯfiÌÂÓÔ ‰›ÓÂÙ·È ÛÙÔÓ Î‡ÏÈÓ‰ÚÔ appleÔ˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÛÙË ‚¿ÛË ÙË˜Û˘Ìapple›ÂÛ˘. √ ¿ÏÏÔ˜ Ì ÙÔ ÌÈÎÚfiÙÂÚÔ ÂÓÂÚÁÂÈ·Îfi appleÂÚȯfiÌÂÓÔ, ‰›ÓÂÙ·È ÛÙÔÓ Î‡ÏÈÓ‰ÚÔ appleÔ˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÛÙË Ê¿ÛËÙ˘ ÂÍ·ÁˆÁ‹˜.Ÿappleˆ˜ ¤¯ÂÈ ‹‰Ë ·Ó·ÊÂÚı›, ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ·appleÔ˘Û›·˜ ÎÈÓËÙÒÓ ÌÂÚÒÓ, ÔÈ ·appleÒÏÂȘ Ù¿Û˘ Â›Ó·È ÌÈÎÚfiÙÂÚ˜. °È· ÙÔÓ›‰ÈÔ ÏfiÁÔ Î·È ÔÈ ‚Ï¿‚˜ ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Â›Ó·È ÏÈÁfiÙÂÚ˜. ∂apple›Û˘, Ô ¯ÚÔÓÈÛÌfi˜ Ù˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Á›ÓÂ-Ù·È Ì ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚË ·ÎÚ›‚ÂÈ·. ∆¤ÏÔ˜ Ë ÁˆÓ›· ¡ÙÔ‡ÂÏ (Dwell) ˘appleÔÏÔÁ›˙ÂÙ·È Î·È Ú˘ıÌ›˙ÂÙ·È ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈο ·applefi ÙËÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘, Ì ·appleÔÙ¤ÏÂÛÌ· Ó· ¤¯Ô˘Ì ηχÙÂÚË appleÔÈfiÙËÙ· ÛÙÔ ÛappleÈÓı‹Ú·.∂∞º∏ ƒ√§√ ∂∞º∏ ∆∞∏28 ∂ÏÂÁ¯fiÌÂÓË ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ Á›ˆÛË ÙÔ˘ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹ ªÂ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÛÂappleÔ˘ ‰›ÓÂÈ ÛappleÈÓı‹Ú· ÛÙÔ˘˜ Î˘Ï›Ó‰ÚÔ˘˜ 1 & 4 ı¤ÛË √¡11-14 V29 ∂ÏÂÁ¯fiÌÂÓË ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ Á›ˆÛË ÙÔ˘ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹ ªÂ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÛÂappleÔ˘ ‰›ÓÂÈ ÛappleÈÓı‹Ú· ÛÙÔ˘˜ Î˘Ï›Ó‰ÚÔ˘˜ 1 & 4 ı¤ÛË √¡11-14 V


92 KEºA§AIO 5: À∆∏ª∞ ANAº§E•H∞∫∏∏√§§∞§∞π∞∆∏ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøNªÂ ‚¿ÛË ÙÔ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· Ó· ·apple·ÓÙ‹ÛÂÙ ÛÙȘ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ÂÚˆÙ‹ÛÂȘ:1. ªÂ appleÔÈÔ ÙÚfiappleÔ Ô ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜ ÂϤÁ¯ÂÈ ÙËÓ ÁˆÓ›· ¡ÙÔ‡ÂÏ (Dwell);2. ªÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ ‰˘Ô appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙÒÓ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Û˘Ó‰Â̤ÓÔ ¤Ó· ÂÍ¿ÚÙËÌ·. ∆È Â›Ó·È ·˘Ùfi Î·È ÙÈ ÛÎÔapplefi Â͢appleËÚÂÙ›;3. ∆È Û˘Ì‚·›ÓÂÈ fiÙ·Ó Ë ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÛÙ·Ì·Ù‹ÛÂÈ Ó· ÁÂÈÒÓÂÈ ¤Ó·Ó appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹;


5.1 O§§A§AIATH 93√§§∞§∞π∞∆∏ºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 1ÎÔapplefi˜:¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› fiÏÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ˘˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘˜ÒÛÙ ӷ ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÓÂÈ ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÂÓfi˜ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹.∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ CLIO2. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹1. ÈÁÔ˘Ú¢Ù›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Â›Ó·È ÛÙÔ OFF.2. µÁ¿ÏÙ ÙÔ apple¿Óˆ Î¿Ï˘ÌÌ· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.3. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÊȘ apple¿Óˆ ·applefi ÙÔÓ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹.4. °˘Ú›ÛÙ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÛÙË ı¤ÛË √¡.5. ∂ϤÁÍÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ Ù˘ Âapple·Ê‹˜ 2 Î·È Ù˘ Á›ˆÛ˘.6. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· Î·È Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹:∂∞º∂∆∞∏1Ô˜ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹˜1Ô˜ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹˜2 & Á›ˆÛË2 & Á›ˆÛËŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ appleÚˆÙ‡ÔÓÙÔ˜ ΢ÎÏÒÌ·ÙÔ˜1. ÈÁÔ˘Ú¢Ù›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Â›Ó·È ÛÙÔ OFF.2. µÁ¿ÏÙ ÙÔ apple¿Óˆ Î¿Ï˘ÌÌ· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.3. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÊȘ apple¿Óˆ ·applefi ÙÔÓ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹.


94 KEºA§AIO 5: À∆∏ª∞ ANAº§E•H√§§∞§∞π∞∆∏ºY§§O EP°OY4. ∂ϤÁÍÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÛÙÔÓ Î¿ı appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹ fiappleˆ˜ ‰Â›¯ÓÂÈ ÙÔ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ Û¯‹Ì·.5. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· Î·È Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹:O§§A§AIATH ∂∞º∂ ∞¡∆π∆∞∏1Ô˜ 1 & 22Ô˜ 1 & 2ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ‰Â˘ÙÂÚ‡ÔÓÙÔ˜ ΢ÎÏÒÌ·ÙÔ˜1. ÈÁÔ˘Ú¢Ù›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Â›Ó·È ÛÙÔ OFF.2. µÁ¿ÏÙ ÙÔ apple¿Óˆ Î¿Ï˘ÌÌ· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.3. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ٷ ηÏ҉ȷ ˘„ËÏ‹˜ Ù¿Û˘ apple¿Óˆ ·applefi ÙÔÓ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ‹.4. ∂ϤÁÍÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË fiappleˆ˜ ‰Â›¯ÓÂÈ ÙÔ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ Û¯‹Ì·:5. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· Î·È ÂϤÁÍÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹:O§§A§AIATH∞¡∆π∆∞∏1Ô˜2Ô˜


5.1 O§§A§AIATH 95√§§∞§∞π∞∆∏ºY§§O EP°AIA∂ÓÒÛÙ Ì ÁÚ·Ì̤˜ Î·È ‰Â›ÍÙ appleÒ˜ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· Û˘Ó‰ÂıÔ‡Ó ÔÈ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ¤˜ Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ÛappleÈÓıËÚÈÛÙ¤˜.appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ·ÛÈ·ÛÙ¤˜ÛappleÈÓıËÚÈÛÙ¤˜


KEºA§AIO 6AI£HTHPE KINHTHPA6.1 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ „˘ÎÙÈÎÔ‡ ˘ÁÚÔ‡6.2 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ı¤Û˘ ÛÙÚÔÊ·ÏÔÊfiÚÔ˘6.3 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ¯Ù˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜


6.1 AI£HTHPA £EPMOKPAIA æYKTIKOY Y°POY 99∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ £∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ æÀ∫∆π∫√À À°ƒ√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN∞apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ Ì¤ÁÂıÔ˜ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ ˘appleÔÏÔÁÈÛÌfi Ù˘ appleÔÛfiÙËÙ·˜ ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘, appleÔ˘ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· „ÂηÛÙ› ·ÏÏ¿ ηÈÙÔ˘ ¯ÚÔÓÈÛÌÔ‡ Ù˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢, Â›Ó·È Ë ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.°È· ÙËÓ Ì¤ÙÚËÛË Ù˘ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÔ‡ÓÙ·È ˘ÏÈο Ù· ÔappleÔ›· ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÌÂÙ·‚·ÏÏfiÌÂÓË ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË. ∏·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û‹ ÙÔ˘˜ ÌÂÙ·‚¿ÏÏÂÙ·È fiÙ·Ó ·ÏÏ¿ÍÂÈ Ë ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·. ª¿ÏÈÛÙ· apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙Ô˘Ó ·ÚÓËÙÈÎfi Û˘ÓÙÂÏÂÛÙ‹ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜. ∞˘Ùfi ÛËÌ·›ÓÂÈ fiÙÈ Ë ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÌÂÁ·ÏÒÓÂÈ fiÙ·Ó Ë ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›· apple¤ÊÙÂÈ, Î·È ·ÓÙ›ÛÙÚÔÊ·.∏ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙ› ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ Ì ٿÛË 5 V. ªÂÙÚÒÓÙ·˜ ÙËÓappleÙÒÛË Ù¿Û˘ ÛÙ· ¿ÎÚ· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·, ·ÓÙÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÙ·È ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË, ÙË Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤ÓË ¯ÚÔÓÈ΋ ÛÙÈÁÌ‹. ªÂ‚¿ÛË ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË, ˘appleÔÏÔÁ›˙ÂÈ ÙË ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›· Î·È appleÚÔ¯ˆÚ› ÛÙȘ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙ˜ ‰ÈÔÚıÒÛÂȘ ÛÙÔÓ „ÂηÛÌfiÎ·È ÛÙËÓ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂÍË.√ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ „˘ÎÙÈÎÔ‡ ˘ÁÚÔ‡ ÙÔappleÔıÂÙÂ›Ù·È Û˘Ó‹ıˆ˜ ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔ ÌappleÏÔÎ ÙˆÓ Î˘Ï›Ó‰ÚˆÓ.∂∞º∏ ƒ√§√ ∂∞º∏ ∆∞∏15 ‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· appleÚÔ˜ ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ ªÂ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÛÂı¤ÛË √¡ Î·È 10ÆC2,5 V15 ªÂ ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ˙ÂÛÙfiÎ·È Û ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·0,2 V44 Á›ˆÛË


100 KEºA§AIO 6: AI£HTHPE KINHTHPA∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ £∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ æÀ∫∆π∫√À À°ƒ√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN


6.1 AI£HTHPA £EPMOKPAIA æYKTIKOY Y°POY 101∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ £∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ æÀ∫∆π∫√À À°ƒ√ÀºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 1ÎÔapplefi˜:∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› fiÏÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ˘˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘˜ÒÛÙ ӷ ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÓÂÈ ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÂÓfi˜ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜.1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ CLIO2. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ3. £ÂÚÌfiÌÂÙÚÔÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·1. ÈÁÔ˘Ú¢Ù›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Â›Ó·È ÛÙÔ OFF.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÊȘ apple¿Óˆ ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.3. ∞appleÔÛ˘ÌappleȤÛÙ ÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ „˘ÎÙÈÎÔ‡ ˘ÁÚÔ‡.4. ∞Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÙ ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.5. µ˘ı›ÛÙ ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ Û ˙ÂÛÙfi „˘ÎÙÈÎfi ˘ÁÚfi (appleÂÚ›appleÔ˘ 100ÆC) ÂÓÒ ¤¯ÂÙ ÙÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÂÈ Î·ÈÙÔ ıÂÚÌfiÌÂÙÚÔ.6. ∫·ıÒ˜ ÙÔ ˘ÁÚfi ÎÚ˘ÒÓÂÈ ÛÙȘ ·Ó·ÊÂÚfiÌÂÓ˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎڷۛ˜ ÙÔ˘ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·-ÛË ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.7. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· Î·È Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹:


102 KEºA§AIO 6: AI£HTHPE KINHTHPA∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ £∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ æÀ∫∆π∫√À À°ƒ√ÀºY§§O EP°OY∂∞º∂ £∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ ∞¡∆π∆∞∏µ1 & µ2 0ÆC (∂¿Ó Â›Ó·È ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÓ)µ1 & µ2 20ÆCµ1 & µ2 40ÆCµ1 & µ2 80ÆCµ1 & µ2 90ÆC∂PøTHH:ÚÔappleÔÚ›··Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢˘ÓÙÂÏÂÛÙ‹˜ÂÌappleÏÔ˘ÙÈÛÌÔ‡£∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ →£∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ →ªappleÔÚ›Ù ӷ ÂÍËÁ‹ÛÂÙÂ, Ì ‚¿ÛË Ù· apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ ‰È·ÁÚ¿ÌÌ·Ù·, appleÒ˜ Ë ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· οÓÂÈ ÙȘ ·apple·-Ú·›ÙËÙ˜ ‰ÈÔÚıÒÛÂȘ Û ۯ¤ÛË Ì ÙË ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·;


6.1 AI£HTHPA £EPMOKPAIA æYKTIKOY Y°POY 103∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ £∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ æÀ∫∆π∫√À À°ƒ√ÀºY§§O EP°AIAÙÔ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È Ô ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ „˘ÎÙÈÎÔ‡ ˘ÁÚÔ‡. ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ˘apple¿Ú-¯Ô˘Ó ÙÚÂȘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÂȘ: Ë µ1, Ë µ2 Î·È Ë ∞. √È Âapple·Ê¤˜ µ1 Î·È µ2 Û˘Ó‰¤ÔÓÙ·È Ì ÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ-¯Ô˘. ÔÈÔ˜ Ô ÚfiÏÔ˜ Ù˘ ÙÚ›Ù˘ Âapple·Ê‹˜ ∞;


104 KEºA§AIO 6: AI£HTHPE KINHTHPA∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ £∂∏ ∆ƒ√º∞§√º√ƒ√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN√ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ı¤Û˘ ÛÙÚÔÊ·ÏÔÊfiÚÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ¤Ó·˜ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Âapple·ÁˆÁÈÎÔ‡ Ù‡appleÔ˘. ∫·Ù¿ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘, Ô·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ apple·Ú¿ÁÂÈ apple·ÏÌÔ‡˜ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·ÛÛfiÌÂÓ˘ Ù¿Û˘, fiÙ·Ó ¤Ó·˜ Ì·ÁÓËÙÈÎfi˜ ‰›ÛÎÔ˜ Ì ‰fiÓÙÈ· appleÂÚÓ¿ÂÈ ÌappleÚÔ-ÛÙ¿ ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·. √ Ì·ÁÓËÙÈÎfi˜ ‰›ÛÎÔ˜ ÙÔappleÔıÂÙÂ›Ù·È ÛÙÔ ÛÙÚÔÊ·ÏÔÊfiÚÔ ¿ÍÔÓ·.∏ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ Ì ÙË ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· «·ÓÙÈÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÂÙ·È» ‰˘Ô appleÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·. ∏ appleÚÒÙË appleÏËÚÔÊÔÚ›· Â›Ó·È Ô ·ÚÈıÌfi˜ ÛÙÚÔÊÒÓ Ì ÙÔÓ ÔappleÔ›Ô appleÂÚÈÛÙÚ¤ÊÂÙ·È Ô ÛÙÚÔÊ·ÏÔÊfiÚÔ˜¿ÍÔÓ·˜ (‰ËÏ·‰‹ ÔÈ ÛÙÚÔʤ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·). ∏ ‰Â‡ÙÂÚË appleÏËÚÔÊÔÚ›· Â›Ó·È Ë ÁˆÓ›· ÙÔ˘ ÛÙÚÔÊ·ÏÔÊfiÚÔ˘.√È ÛÙÚÔʤ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Â›Ó·È ¤Ó· ‚·ÛÈÎfi ̤ÁÂıÔ˜ ÁÈ· ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ‰È·¯Â›ÚÈÛ˘. ∫·È ·˘ÙfiÛ˘Ì‚·›ÓÂÈ ÁÈ·Ù› Ì ‚¿ÛË ÙȘ ÛÙÚÔʤ˜ Î·È ÙÔ ÊÔÚÙ›Ô ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ˘appleÔÏÔÁ›˙ÂÙ·È Ë ‰È¿ÚÎÂÈ· „ÂηÛÌÔ‡, fiappleˆ˜Âapple›Û˘ Î·È Ë appleÚÔappleÔÚ›· Ù˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢.°È· ÙÔÓ ˘appleÔÏÔÁÈÛÌfi Ù˘ ÁˆÓ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÛÙÚÔÊ¿ÏÔ˘ Û ۯ¤ÛË Ì ÙÔ ÕÓˆ ¡ÂÎÚfi ÛËÌ›Ô, ¤¯ÂÈ ·Ê·ÈÚÂı› ¤Ó· ‰fiÓÙÈ·applefi ÙÔ Ì·ÁÓËÙÈÎfi ‰›ÛÎÔ. ∆Ô ÛËÌÂ›Ô fiappleÔ˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÙÔ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ ‰È¿ÎÂÓÔ, ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ¤ÏÏÂȄ˘ ÙÔ˘ ‰ÔÓÙÈÔ‡, ‰›ÓÂÈÙË ı¤ÛË ÙÔ˘ ÕÓˆ ¡ÂÎÚÔ‡ ËÌ›Ԣ ÙÔ˘ 1Ô˘ Î˘Ï›Ó‰ÚÔ˘. ŒÙÛÈ, Ë ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›˙ÂÈ applefiÙÂÔ appleÚÒÙÔ˜ Î·È Ô Ù¤Ù·ÚÙÔ˜ ·ÏÈÓ‰ÚÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÎÔÓÙ¿ ÛÙÔ ÕÓˆ NÂÎÚfi ËÌ›Ô.


106 KEºA§AIO 6: AI£HTHPE KINHTHPA∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ £∂∏ ∆ƒ√º∞§√º√ƒ√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN


6.2 AI£HTHPA £EH TPOºA§OºOPOY 107∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ £∂∏ ∆ƒ√º∞§√º√ƒ√ÀºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 2ÎÔapplefi˜:¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› fiÏÔ˘˜ ÙȘ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ˘˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘˜ÒÛÙ ӷ ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÓÂÈ ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ Âapple·ÁˆÁÈÎÔ‡ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ı¤Û˘ ÛÙÚÔ-Ê¿ÏÔ˘.∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ CLIO2. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔÔÚ›· ÙȘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·1. ÈÁÔ˘Ú¢Ù›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÊȘ ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.3. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ, fiappleˆ˜ ‰Â›¯ÓÂÈ ÙÔ Û¯‹Ì·.4. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple›Ó·Î· Î·È Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ appleÔ˘ appleÚԂϤappleÂÈ Ô Î·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙ‹˜:∞¡Tπ∆∞∏


108 KEºA§AIO 6: AI£HTHPE KINHTHPA∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ £∂∏ ∆ƒ√º∞§√º√ƒ√ÀºY§§O EP°AIA√ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÙÚÔÊ¿ÏÔ˘ ÁÈ· οappleÔÈÔ ÏfiÁÔ ‰ÂÓ ‰›ÓÂÈ Û‹Ì· ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘. ∂¿Ó Ë ‰È·ÎÔapple‹ÙÔ˘ Û‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Á›ÓÂÈ, ÂÓÒ Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›, ÙfiÙÂ Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ı· Û˘Ó¯›ÛÂÈ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘, ÂÓÒ Ë ÂÓ‰ÂÈ-ÎÙÈ΋ Ï˘¯Ó›· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ı· ·Ó¿„ÂÈ. ÙËÓ appleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË, fï˜, appleÔ˘ Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ‰ÂÓ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›,˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ appleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË Ó· ÍÂÎÈÓ‹ÛÂÈ, ¯ˆÚ›˜ Ô ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜ Ó· Ï·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ Û‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·;


6.3 AI£HTHPA KTYHMATO 109∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ ∫∆À∏ª∞∆√ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN∏ ÎÚÔ˘ÛÙÈ΋ η‡ÛË Â›Ó·È ¤Ó· ·ÓÂappleÈı‡ÌËÙÔ Ê·ÈÓfiÌÂÓÔ, ηٿ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·. √È Û˘Óı‹Î˜ ˘„Ë-Ï‹˜ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜ Î·È apple›ÂÛ˘, ÔÈ Ôappleԛ˜ Ï·Ì‚¿ÓÔ˘Ó ¯ÒÚ· Û ¤Ó· Ù¤ÙÔÈÔ Ê·ÈÓfiÌÂÓÔ, ηٷappleÔÓÔ‡Ó È‰È·›ÙÂÚ·ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.°È· ÙËÓ ·appleÔÊ˘Á‹ ÙÔ˘ Ê·ÈÓÔ̤ÓÔ˘ ·˘ÙÔ‡, ÙÔappleÔıÂÙÂ›Ù·È Ô ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÎÚÔ˘ÛÙÈ΋˜ η‡Û˘ (ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜). √·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ·ÓȯÓ‡ÂÈ Ù˘¯fiÓ ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·Ù· ÛÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Î·È ÛÙ¤ÏÓÂÈ Û‹Ì· Ù¿Û˘ ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰·ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘. ∏ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ› ·˘Ùfi ÙÔ Û‹Ì· ÁÈ· Ó· ÙÚÔappleÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÂÈ ÙÔ ¯ÚÔÓÈÛÌfi Ù˘·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢, ÒÛÙ ӷ ÛÙ·Ì·Ù‹ÛÂÈ Ë ÎÚÔ˘ÛÙÈ΋ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂÍË.√ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÙÔappleÔıÂÙÂ›Ù·È Û˘Ó‹ıˆ˜ apple¿Óˆ ÛÙÔ ÌappleÏÔÎ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.AÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ÚÔ˜ ÙËÓ HME


110 KEºA§AIO 6: AI£HTHPE KINHTHPA∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ ∫∆À∏ª∞∆√ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøNª¤Û· ÛÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ ¤Ó· appleÈÂ˙ÔËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ÛÙÔȯ›Ô. ∆Ô appleÈÂ˙ÔËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ÛÙÔÈ¯Â›Ô ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ› Ù¿ÛË,fiÙ·Ó ·ÛÎËı› apple¿Óˆ ÙÔ˘ apple›ÂÛË. ∞˘Ùfi ÙÔ Û‹Ì· Ù¿Û˘ Ë ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÙÔ Ï·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ Î·È ·ÍÈÔÏÔ-ÁÒÓÙ¿˜ ÙÔ, ÌÂÈÒÓÂÈ ÙËÓ appleÚÔappleÔÚ›· Ù˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢. ∞˘Ùfi ÙÔ Î¿ÓÂÈ Ì¤¯ÚÈ Ó· ÛÙ·Ì·Ù‹ÛÂÈ Ó· ‰¤¯ÂÙ·È Û‹Ì·Ù·ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·. ŸÙ·Ó ÛÙ·Ì·Ù‹ÛÂÈ Ë ÎÚÔ˘ÛÙÈ΋ η‡ÛË ÙfiÙÂ Ô ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜ Âapple·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÈ ÙËÓappleÚÔappleÔÚ›· ÛÙË ‚·ÛÈ΋ Ù˘ Ú‡ıÌÈÛË. ÙËÓ appleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË appleÔ˘ Ô ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜ ÌÂÈÒÛÂÈ ÙËÓ appleÚÔappleÔÚ›· Ù˘ ·Ó¿-ÊÏÂ͢, ·ÏÏ¿ ‰ÂÓ ÛÙ·Ì·Ù‹ÛÂÈ Ë ÎÚÔ˘ÛÙÈ΋ η‡ÛË, ÙfiÙ ÙËÓ ÌÂÈÒÓÂÈ ·ÎfiÌË appleÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔ. ÙÔ apple·Ú·Î¿ÙˆÛ¯‹Ì· Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È Ë ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·, appleÔ˘ appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈÂ›Ù·È Î·Ù¿ ÙËÓ ÂÌÊ¿ÓÈÛË ÙÔ˘ Ê·ÈÓÔ̤ÓÔ˘ ·˘ÙÔ‡:∆¿ÛË∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·0 V(+)∫·ıfiÏÔ˘ÎÙ‡appleËÌ·ªÂÁ¿ÏÔÎÙ‡appleËÌ·ªÈÎÚfiÎÙ‡appleËÌ·µ·ÛÈ΋ Ú‡ıÌÈÛË appleÚÔappleÔÚ›·˜ÚÔappleÔÚ›·(–)√ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Ì ‰˘Ô Âapple·Ê¤˜:∂∞º∏ ƒ√§√ ∂∞º∏ ∆∞∏8 ‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· appleÚÔ˜ ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ44 °Â›ˆÛË ªÂ ÙÔÓ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙËÛÙË ı¤ÛË √¡0 V


6.3 AI£HTHPA KTYHMATO 111∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ ∫∆À∏ª∞∆√ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøNAÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜√ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ¯Ù˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È appleÚÔÛ‚¿ÛÈÌÔ˜ ·applefi ÙËÓ Î¿Ùˆ appleÏÂ˘Ú¿ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.


112 KEºA§AIO 6: AI£HTHPE KINHTHPA∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ ∫∆À∏ª∞∆√ºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 3ÎÔapplefi˜:¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› fiÏÔ˘˜ ÙÔ˘˜ ·apple·Ú·›ÙËÙÔ˘˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘˜ÒÛÙ ӷ ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÓÂÈ ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜.∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ CLIO2. ¢˘Ó·ÌfiÎÏÂȉÔÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÊȘ ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.3. •Â‚ȉÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜.4. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ ÔÈ ÂappleÈÊ¿ÓÂȘ ÂÊ·ÚÌÔÁ‹˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Î·È ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Â›Ó·È Î·ı·Ú¤˜ Î·È ‰ÂÓ ¤¯Ô˘ÓÔÍÂȉÒÛÂȘ.5. ∆ÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÙ ͷӿ ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.6. Ê›ÍÙ Ì ÙËÓ ÚÔapple‹ appleÔ˘ appleÚÔÙ›ÓÂÈ Ô Î·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙ‹˜.ÚÔÙÂÈÓfiÌÂÓË ÚÔapple‹25 Nm∂¿Ó ı¤ÏÂÙ ӷ ÂϤÁÍÂÙ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜, ÌappleÔÚ›Ù ӷ οÓÂÙ ٷ ÂÍ‹˜:1. √ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Ó· Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔÓ ·ÎÚÔ‰¤ÎÙË ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.3. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÛÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ ÁÈ· Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÂÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË appleÔ˘ apple·Ú¿ÁÂÈ.4. ∂ϤÁÍÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÂÓÒ ÎÙ˘apple¿Ù ÂÏ·ÊÚ¿ ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ì ̷ÙÛfiÏ·.


6.3 AI£HTHPA KTYHMATO 113∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ ∫∆À∏ª∞∆√ºY§§O EP°AIA∂PøTHEI1. ÔÈÔ˜ Â›Ó·È Ô ÚfiÏÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜;2. ∂ÍËÁ‹ÛÙ appleÒ˜ Ë ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈ› ÙÔ Û‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜.3. Ô‡ ÙÔappleÔıÂÙÂ›Ù·È Û˘Ó‹ıˆ˜ Ô ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÎÙ˘apple‹Ì·ÙÔ˜;


KEºA§AIO 7À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À∂∫√ªø¡ ƒÀø¡7.1 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘7.2 µ·Ï‚›‰· ·Ó·ÎÔ‡ÊÈÛ˘ ηӛÛÙÚÔ˘ÂÓÂÚÁÔ‡ ¿Óıڷη


7.1 AI£HTHPA O•Y°ONOY 117∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ √•À°√¡√À (Ï)ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN√ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ÙÔappleÔıÂÙË̤ÓÔ˜ ·Ó¿ÌÂÛ· ÛÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó· Ù˘ ÂÍ¿ÙÌÈÛ˘ Î·È ÛÙÔÓ Î·Ù·Ï‡ÙË.·Ú¤¯ÂÈ ÛÙË ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi Û‹Ì· appleÔ˘ Î˘Ì·›ÓÂÙ·È ·applefi 100 mV ¤ˆ˜ 900 mV.V ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ appleÏÔ‡ÛÈÔ˘ Ì›ÁÌ·ÙÔ˜πππ – IV ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÛÙÔȯÂÈÔÌÂÙÚÈÎÔ‡ Ì›ÁÌ·ÙÔ˜VI ÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÊÙˆ¯Ô‡ Ì›ÁÌ·ÙÔ˜∏ Ù¿ÛË ·˘Ù‹ ÂÎÊÚ¿˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ appleÔÛfiÙËÙ· Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘ ÛÙ· η˘Û·¤-ÚÈ· Û ۯ¤ÛË Ì ÙÔ Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ ÙÔ˘ ·ÙÌÔÛÊ·ÈÚÈÎÔ‡ ·¤Ú· ηÈÛ˘ÓÂappleÒ˜ ÙËÓ ·applefiÎÏÈÛË ÙÔ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ Ì›ÁÌ·ÙÔ˜ ·applefi ÙË ÛÙÔÈ-¯ÂÈÔÌÂÙÚÈ΋ ·Ó·ÏÔÁ›·. ŸÛÔ ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚË Â›Ó·È Ë ‰È·ÊÔÚ¿ÌÂٷ͇ ÙÔ˘ Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘ appleÔ˘ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ ÛÙ· η˘Û·¤ÚÈ· Î·È ÙÔ˘Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘ appleÔ˘ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ ÛÙÔÓ ·ÙÌÔÛÊ·ÈÚÈÎfi ·¤Ú·, ÙfiÛÔ ÌÂÁ·-χÙÂÚË Â›Ó·È Ë Ù¿ÛË appleÔ˘ apple·Ú¿ÁÂÈ Ô ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘.


118 KEºA§AIO 7: À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À ∂∫√ªø¡ ƒÀø¡∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ √•À°√¡√À (Ï)ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN√ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜ ÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ¿˙ÂÙ·È Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· Ù· ËÏÂÎÙÚÈο Û‹Ì·Ù· appleÔ˘ Ï·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ï Î·È ¤ÙÛÈÌappleÔÚ› Ó· ‰ÈÔÚıÒÓÂÈ ÙÔÓ ÂÌappleÏÔ˘ÙÈÛÌfi ÙÔ˘ Ì›ÁÌ·ÙÔ˜ ÌÂÙ·‚¿ÏÏÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ ¯ÚfiÓÔ „ÂηÛÌÔ‡. ˘ÓÂappleÒ˜ ÙÔÛ‡ÛÙËÌ· ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Û ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÎÏÂÈÛÙÔ‡ ‚ÚfiÁ¯Ô˘.§ÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÎÏÂÈÛÙÔ‡ ‚ÚfiÁ¯Ô˘ª¤Û· ÛÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Ì›· ˆÌÈ΋ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË Ë ÔappleÔ›· ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙÂ›Ù·È Ì ٿÛË Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜Î·Ù¿ ÙÔ ¿ÓÔÈÁÌ· ÙÔ˘ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÂÎΛÓËÛ˘, appleÚÔÎÂÈ̤ÓÔ˘ Ó· ·appleÔÎÙ‹ÛÂÈ Ô ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÁÚ‹ÁÔÚ· ÙËÓ ÂÏ¿¯ÈÛÙËıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ (appleÂÚ›appleÔ˘ 300 ÆC).Ú¤appleÂÈ Ó· ÛËÌÂȈı› fiÙÈ, fiÙ·Ó Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ› ÎÚ‡Ô˜ ‹ Û ηٿÛÙ·ÛË appleÏ‹ÚÔ˘˜ ÊÔÚÙ›Ô˘, ÔÈ appleÏËÚÔ-ÊÔڛ˜ appleÔ˘ apple·Ú¤¯ÔÓÙ·È ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ï ‰ÂÓ Ï·Ì‚¿ÓÔÓÙ·È ˘applefi„Ë. ÙËÓappleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË ·˘Ù‹ ÙÔ Û‡ÛÙËÌ· ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Û ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ·ÓÔÈÎÙÔ‡ ‚ÚfiÁ¯Ô˘.√ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Ì ÙÔÓ «ÂÁΤʷÏÔ» Ì ̛· Âapple·Ê‹, fiappleˆ˜ Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È ÛÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·. °È· Ó·ÂÏÂÁ¯ı› ÙÔ Û‹Ì· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘ ·apple·ÈÙÂ›Ù·È apple·ÏÌÔÁÚ¿ÊÔ˜.∂∞º∏ ƒ√§√ ∂∞º∏ ∆∞∏ ∆∞∏ ª∂∞§ª√°ƒ∞º√0,2mV/0,5sec17 ‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· appleÚÔ˜ ªÂ ·ÓÔÈÎÙfi ‰È·ÎfiappleÙËÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ0,4 V17 ‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· appleÚÔ˜ ªÂ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ›ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔÎ·È ˙ÂÛÙfi ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·0,1 – 0,9 V (ÂÓ·ÏÏ·Á‹)17 ‹Ì· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· appleÚÔ˜ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ


7.1 AI£HTHPA O•Y°ONOY 119∞∫∏∏ 1∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ √•À°√¡√ÀºY§§O EP°OYÎÔappleÔ›:1. ¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› ÙÔÓ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘Ú-Á›· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘ (Ï).2. ¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜, apple·Ú·ÙËÚÒÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· Ù˘ ËÏÂ-ÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·, Ó· ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›˙ÂÈ ÙÔ ÚfiÏÔ Ù˘ οı Âapple·Ê‹˜ ÙÔ˘·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘.∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ Renault Clio2. Breakout Box3. ·ÏÌÔÁÚ¿ÊÔ˜4. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ5. ∞apple·ÁˆÁ¤·˜ Û‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ (ÎϤÊÙ˘)ÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Û‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÛÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ1. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Û˘Û΢‹ Break out Box ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.2. §ÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÙ ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ̤¯ÚÈ Ó· ·appleÔÎÙ‹ÛÂÈ ÙË ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜.3. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ë Ê›Û· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Â›Ó·È Û˘Ó‰Â̤ÓË.4. §ÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÙ ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ÛÙÔ ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ› Î·È ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ Ì ÙÔÓ apple·ÏÌÔÁÚ¿ÊÔ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÛÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ 17 Î·È 2(Á›ˆÛË) ÙÔ˘ ÂÁÎÂÊ¿ÏÔ˘ apple¿Óˆ ÛÙÔ Break out Box.5. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙÔ ¯ÚfiÓÔ appleÔ˘ ¯ÚÂÈ¿˙ÂÙ·È ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·Á‹ Ù˘ ÙÈÌ‹˜ Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘ fiÙ·Ó Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›ÛÙÔ ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ›.6. ∞˘Í‹ÛÙ ·applefiÙÔÌ· ÙȘ ÛÙÚÔʤ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ‰‡Ô Ì ÙÚÂȘ ÊÔÚ¤˜. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙÔ ¯ÚfiÓÔ appleÔ˘ ¯ÚÂÈ¿˙ÂÙ·È ÁÈ·ÙËÓ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·Á‹ Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘.7. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· Î·È Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.8. ∆È Û˘ÌappleÂÚ¿ÛÌ·Ù· ÂÍ¿ÁÂÙÂ, fiÛÔÓ ·ÊÔÚ¿ ÙÔ ¯ÚfiÓÔ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·Á‹˜ Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘, ·Ó¿ÏÔÁ· Ì ÙȘ ÛÙÚÔʤ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓË-Ù‹Ú·;∂∞º∂ ∂°∫/§√À ∆∞∏ ƒ∂§∞¡∆π ∞À•∏∏ ∆ƒ√ºø¡mV ¯ÚfiÓÔ˜ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·Á‹˜ ¯ÚfiÓÔ˜ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·Á‹˜secsec17-2


120 KEºA§AIO 7: À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À ∂∫√ªø¡ ƒÀø¡ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ˆÌÈ΋˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ √•À°√¡√ÀºY§§O EP°OY1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÂÎΛÓËÛ˘ Â›Ó·È ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Ê›Û· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.3. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ Ì ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÛÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ∞ ηÈÁ›ˆÛË Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·.4. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù‹ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.∂∞º∂ ºπ∞ ∞π£∏∆.∞¡∆π∆∞∏ (ø)∞ – °Â›ˆÛËŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ë Ê›Û· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Â›Ó·È Û˘Ó‰Â̤ÓË.2. B¿ÏÙ Û ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.3. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÛÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ∞ Î·È Á›ˆÛË ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·.4. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù‹ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.∂∞º∂ ºπ∞ ∞π£∏∆.∆∞∏ (V)∞ – °Â›ˆÛË


7.1 AI£HTHPA O•Y°ONOY 121∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ √•À°√¡√ÀºY§§O EP°AIA∏ÏÂÎÙÚÈ΋ Û‡Ó‰ÂÛË ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘ (µ72)Ì ÙËÓ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.1. ∞Ó ÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ ı¤ÚÌ·ÓÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· apple·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿ÛÂÈ ‚Ï¿‚Ë, ÙÈ ÂappleÈappleÙÒÛÂȘ ı· ¤¯Ô˘Ì ÛÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·, fiÛÔÓ ·ÊÔÚ¿ ÙÔ˘˜ Ú‡appleÔ˘˜ Î·È ÙËÓ Î·Ù·Ó¿ÏˆÛË Î·˘Û›ÌÔ˘;2. √ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ï ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙÂ›Ù·È Ì ٿÛË ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.ø∆√§∞£√


122 KEºA§AIO 7: À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À ∂∫√ªø¡ ƒÀø¡∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ √•À°√¡√ÀºY§§O EP°AIA3. °È· Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙËÓ ÂÛˆÙÂÚÈ΋ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·, ÌÂÙÚ¿Ì Ì ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ ÛÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜:·) ∞ Î·È C, ‚) B Î·È C, Á) ∞ Î·È Á›ˆÛË.4. °È· Ó· ‰È·appleÈÛÙÒÛÔ˘Ì ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÌÂÙÚ¿Ì Ì ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ ÛÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜:·) ∞ Î·È Á›ˆÛË, ‚) B Î·È C, Á) ∞ Î·È C.5. °È· Ó· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÔ˘Ì ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË (Û‹Ì·) appleÔ˘ ÛÙ¤ÏÓÂÈ Ô ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÛÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ ÙÔappleÔıÂÙԇ̠ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÎÚÔ-‰¤ÎÙ˜ ÙÔ˘ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ˘ ÛÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜: ·) ∞ Î·È Á›ˆÛË, ‚) C Î·È Á›ˆÛË, Á) ∞ Î·È C.6. ∞ÓÙÈÛÙÔȯ›ÛÙ ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÙˆÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ÛÙËÏÒÓ Ï·Ì‚¿ÓÔÓÙ·˜ ˘applefi„Ë ÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ·:A17C°Â›ˆÛËB 30ƒÂϤ7. ∞ÓÙÈÛÙÔȯ›ÛÂÙ ÙȘ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ÁÚ·Ì̤˜ ÙˆÓ ‰‡Ô ÛÙËÏÒÓ:ºÙˆ¯fi Ì›ÁÌ·ÙÔȯÂÈÔÌÂÙÚÈÎfi Ì›ÁÌ·ÏÔ‡ÛÈÔ Ì›ÁÌ·800 mV300 mV500 mV1500 mVEPøTHH:Ò˜ ı· ÂappleËÚ¿ÛÂÈ Ë Î·Î‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘:·) ÙËÓ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· fiÛÔÓ ·ÊÔÚ¿ ÙÔ˘˜ Ú‡appleÔ˘˜ Î·È ÙËÓ Î·Ù·Ó¿ÏˆÛË Î·˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ηȂ) ÙË ‰È¿ÚÎÂÈ· ˙ˆ‹˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷχÙË;¢ÈηÈÔÏÔÁ‹ÛÙ ÙȘ ·apple·ÓÙ‹ÛÂȘ Û·˜.


7.2 µ∞§µπ¢∞ ∞¡∞∫√Àºπ∏ ∫∞¡π∆ƒ√À ∂¡∂ƒ°√À ∞¡£ƒ∞∫∞ 123µ∞§µπ¢∞ ∞¡∞∫√Àºπ∏ ∫∞¡π∆ƒ√À ∂¡∂ƒ°√À ∞¡£ƒ∞∫∞ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN∆Ô Û‡ÛÙËÌ· ·Ó·ı˘ÌÈ¿ÛÂˆÓ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘ Û˘Ì‚¿ÏÏÂÈ ÛÙË Ì›ˆÛË ÙˆÓ Ú‡appleˆÓ Î·È apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· ÛÙË Ì›ˆÛË Ù˘ ηٷ-ӿψÛ˘ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.√È ·ÙÌÔ› ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘ appleÔ˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È ÛÙË ‰ÂÍ·ÌÂÓ‹ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ‰ÂÓ ·appleÔ‚¿ÏÏÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ appleÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓ, fiappleˆ˜ ÁÈÓfiÙ·ÓÛÙ· ·˘ÙÔΛÓËÙ· apple·Ï·ÈfiÙÂÚ˘ Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›·˜ ·ÏÏ¿ Û˘ÁÎÂÓÙÚÒÓÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ Î¿ÓÈÛÙÚÔ ÂÓÂÚÁÔ‡ ¿Óıڷη, ÙÔ ÔappleÔ›Ô‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Î¿Ùˆ ·applefi ÙÔ ‰ÂÍ› ÊÙÂÚfi ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Renault clio. ÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ· ·Ó·ÚÚÔÊÒÓÙ·È, ÂÌappleÏÔ˘Ù›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ÙÔ Î·‡ÛÈÌÔ Ì›ÁÌ· Î·È Î·›ÁÔÓÙ·È ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·. °È· Ó· ÂappleÈÙ¢¯ı› ·˘Ùfi ÙÔ Î¿ÓÈÛÙÚÔ, Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Ì¤ÛˆÛˆÏ‹ÓˆÛ˘ Ì ÙËÓ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜ ∏ ‰È·‰Èηۛ· ·Ó·ÚÚfiÊËÛ˘ ÂϤÁ¯ÂÙ·È ·applefi Ì›· ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓËÙÈ΋‚·Ï‚›‰·, ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· Ù˘ ÔappleÔ›·˜ ηıÔÚ›˙ÂÈ Ô ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ̤ۈ Ù˘ Âapple·Ê‹˜ 42.K¿ÓÈÛÙÚÔÂÓÂÚÁÔ‡¿ÓıڷηHÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓËÙÈ΋‚·Ï‚›‰·E›ÛÔ‰Ô˜·¤Ú·ÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜¢ÂÍ·ÌÂӋη˘Û›ÌÔ˘


124 KEºA§AIO 7: À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À ∂∫√ªø¡ ƒÀø¡µ∞§µπ¢∞ ∞¡∞∫√Àºπ∏ ∫∞¡π∆ƒ√À ∂¡∂ƒ°√À ∞¡£ƒ∞∫∞ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN∏ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓËÙÈ΋ ‚·Ï‚›‰· Ù›ıÂÙ·È Û ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· fiÙ·Ó:ñ ∏ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›· ÙÔ˘ „˘ÎÙÈÎÔ‡ ˘ÁÚÔ‡ ˘appleÂÚ‚·›ÓÂÈ ÙÔ˘˜ 60ÆC.ñ ∏ ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›· ÙÔ˘ ·¤Ú· ˘appleÂÚ‚·›ÓÂÈ ÙÔ˘˜ 10ÆC.ñ √ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ‰ÂÓ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ› Û ηٿÛÙ·ÛË ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ›.ñ √ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ› apple¿Óˆ ·applefi ¤Ó· fiÚÈÔ ÊÔÚÙ›Ô˘.ñ ∏ ı¤ÛË Ù˘ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰·˜ Â›Ó·È ÛÙËÓ appleÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÙÔ˘ ÌÂÚÈÎÔ‡ ÊÔÚÙ›Ô˘.∏ ‰È·ÙÔÌ‹ ÙÔ˘ ·ÓÔ›ÁÌ·ÙÔ˜ ·Ó·ÚÚfiÊËÛ˘ appleÔ˘ ÂϤÁ¯ÂÈ Ë ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓËÙÈ΋ ‚·Ï‚›‰· ÌÂÙ·‚¿ÏÏÂÙ·È. ∆Ô Ì¤ÁÂıÔ˜Ù˘ ‰È·ÙÔÌ‹˜ appleÚÔ·appleÙÂÈ ·applefi ÙËÓ ÈÛÔÚÚÔapple›· ÌÂٷ͇ ÙÔ˘ Ì·ÁÓËÙÈÎÔ‡ apple‰›Ô˘ appleÔ˘ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÂ›Ù·È ·applefi ÙËÓÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›· Ù˘ appleÂÚȤÏÈ͢ ÙÔ˘ appleËÓ›Ô˘ Î·È ÙË ‰‡Ó·ÌË ÙÔ˘ ÂÏ·ÙËÚ›Ô˘ Âapple·Ó·ÊÔÚ¿˜. ∆Ô ÂÏ·Ù‹ÚÈÔ Âapple·Ó·ÊÔ-Ú¿˜ ÂÍ·ÛÊ·Ï›˙ÂÈ ÙÔ ÎÏ›ÛÈÌÔ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓËÙÈ΋˜ ‚·Ï‚›‰·˜.∏ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· Û˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÈ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘ appleÔ˘ ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈ› ÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔ‚·Ï‚›‰· Ì ÙÔÓ ÂÌappleÏÔ˘ÙÈ-ÛÌfi appleÔ˘ appleÚÔ·appleÙÂÈ ÛÙÔ Î·‡ÛÈÌÔ Ì›ÁÌ· Ì ÙË ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ï. ŒÙÛÈ ÁÓˆÚ›˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ appleÏËÚfiÙËÙ· ÙԢηӛÛÙÚÔ˘ Û ·ÙÌÔ‡˜ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘ Î·È ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙ› ÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔ‚·Ï‚›‰· Ì ηٿÏÏËÏË Ù¿ÛË, ¤ÙÛÈ ÒÛÙ ӷ ÌËÓ Ì›-ÓÂÈ appleÔÙ¤ ÂÓÙÂÏÒ˜ ¿‰ÂÈÔ ÙÔ ‰Ô¯Â›Ô ÂÓÂÚÁÔ‡ ¿Óıڷη. ŒÙÛÈ ·appleÔʇÁÔÓÙ·È ‰˘ÛÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›Â˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ηȷ˘Í¿ÓÂÙ·È Ë ‰È¿ÚÎÂÈ· ˙ˆ‹˜ ÙÔ˘ ηӛÛÙÚÔ˘, ÂappleÂȉ‹ ‰ÂÓ ÍËÚ·›ÓÂÙ·È.·Ú·Ù‹ÚËÛË∞Ó ÙÔ Î¿ÓÈÛÙÚÔ ¤¯ÂÈ ‚·ıÌfi appleÏËÚfiÙËÙ·˜ ·applefi ¤Ó· fiÚÈÔ Î·È Î¿Ùˆ Ë ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ‰ÂÓ ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈ› ÙËÓËÏÂÎÙÚÔ‚·Ï‚›‰·.∂∞º∏ ƒ√§√ ∂∞º∏ ∆∞∏42 ∂ÏÂÁ¯fiÌÂÓË Á›ˆÛË ªÂ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË Û ı¤ÛË √¡11-14 V Î·È Û‡ÓÙÔÌ· 0 V42 ∂ÏÂÁ¯fiÌÂÓË Á›ˆÛË ªÂ ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Ó· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›11-14 V


7.2 µ∞§µπ¢∞ ∞¡∞∫√Àºπ∏ ∫∞¡π∆ƒ√À ∂¡∂ƒ°√À ∞¡£ƒ∞∫∞ 125µ∞§µπ¢∞ ∞¡∞∫√Àºπ∏ ∫∞¡π∆ƒ√À ∂¡∂ƒ°√À ∞¡£ƒ∞∫∞ºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 2ÎÔappleÔ›:∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. ¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜, apple·Ú·ÙËÚÒÓÙ·˜ ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·, Ó· ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›˙ÂÈ ÙÔ·Îψ̷ ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ·Ó·ı˘ÌÈ¿ÛÂˆÓ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘ Ù˘ ‰ÂÍ·ÌÂÓ‹˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘,ηıÒ˜ Î·È Ù· ̤ÚË appleÔ˘ ÙÔ ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó.2. ¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› ÙÔÓ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘Ú-Á›· ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ·Ó·ı˘ÌÈ¿ÛÂˆÓ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘ Ù˘ ‰ÂÍ·ÌÂÓ‹˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘, Ì ‚¿ÛË·˘Ù¿ appleÔ˘ appleÚÔÙ›ÓÂÈ Ô Î·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙ‹˜.1. Renault Clio2. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ3. ∞ÓÙÏ›· ÎÂÓÔ‡ Ì ˘appleÔappleÈÂÛfiÌÂÙÚÔ4. ÈÂÛfiÌÂÙÚÔÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:√appleÙÈÎfi˜ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÙˆÓ ÛˆÏËÓÒÛÂˆÓ ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ·Ó·ı˘ÌÈ¿ÛÂˆÓ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘∂ϤÁÍÙ appleÚÔÛÂÎÙÈο ÙȘ ÛˆÏËÓÒÛÂȘ ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÁÈ· Ù˘¯fiÓ Ûη̷ۛٷ Î·È ¯·Ï·Ú¤˜ Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÂȘ.ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Û‡Ó‰ÂÛ˘ ÌÂٷ͇ ‰ÂÍ·ÌÂÓ‹˜ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘ Î·È Î·Ó›ÛÙÚÔ˘1. ∞Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿apple· ÙÔ˘ ÓÙÂapplefi˙ÈÙÔ˘.2. ∞Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÙ ÙÔ Ï·ÛappleˆÙ‹Ú· ·applefi ÙÔ ıfiÏÔ ÙÔ˘ ‰ÂÍÈÔ‡ ÙÚÔ¯Ô‡.3. ∞Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÙ ÙȘ ‚›‰Â˜ Û˘ÁÎÚ¿ÙËÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ηӛÛÙÚÔ˘.4. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÛÙÔ Î¿ÓÈÛÙÚÔ ÂÓÂÚÁÔ‡ ¿Óıڷη ÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó· appleÔ˘ ¤Ú¯ÂÙ·È ·applefi ÙÔ ÓÙÂapplefi˙ÈÙÔ.5. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÛÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó· Ì›· ·ÓÙÏ›· ÎÂÓÔ‡.6. ¢ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÙ ÎÂÓfi ÛÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó·.7. ·Ú·ÙËÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ¤Ó‰ÂÈÍË ÙÔ˘ Ì·ÓÔ̤ÙÚÔ˘ Ù˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜ ÎÂÓÔ‡. ∆È Û˘Ìapple¤Ú·ÛÌ· ÂÍ¿ÁÂÙ ÁÈ· ÙË Û‡Ó‰ÂÛË ÙԢηӛÛÙÚÔ˘ Ì ÙÔ ÓÙÂapplefi˙ÈÙÔ;


126 KEºA§AIO 7: À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À ∂∫√ªø¡ ƒÀø¡µ∞§µπ¢∞ ∞¡∞∫√Àºπ∏ ∫∞¡π∆ƒ√À ∂¡∂ƒ°√À ∞¡£ƒ∞∫∞ºY§§O EP°OYªË¯·ÓÈÎfi˜ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ηϋ˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜1. ºÚ¿ÍÙ appleÏ‹Úˆ˜ ÙÔ ÛˆÏ‹Ó· appleÔ˘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÈ ÙÔ Î¿ÓÈÛÙÚÔ Ì ÙÔ ÓÙÂapplefi˙ÈÙÔ.2. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ¤Ó· Ì·ÓfiÌÂÙÚÔ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘ ÛÙË ı¤ÛË ÂÈÛfi‰Ô˘ ÙÔ˘ ·ÙÌÔÛÊ·ÈÚÈÎÔ‡ ·¤Ú· ÛÙÔ Î¿ÓÈÛÙÚÔ.3. §ÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÙ ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ÛÙÔ ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ›.4. ·Ú·ÙËÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ¤Ó‰ÂÈÍË ÙÔ˘ Ì·ÓÔ̤ÙÚÔ˘.·) ∞Ó ÙÔ Ì·ÓfiÌÂÙÚÔ ‰ÂÓ ‰Â›ÍÂÈ ÙÈÌ‹ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘ ÙfiÙ ¤¯Ô˘Ì ηϋ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·.‚) ∞Ó ÙÔ Ì·ÓfiÌÂÙÚÔ ‰Â›ÍÂÈ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛË ÙfiÙ ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ı‹ÛÙ ٷ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ‚‹Ì·Ù·:1. Ù·Ì·Ù‹ÛÙ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÛˆÏËÓ¿ÎÈ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘ Î·È Û˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ̛· ·ÓÙÏ›· ÎÂÓÔ‡ ÛÙË ‚·Ï‚›‰· ÙÔ˘ ηӛÛÙÚÔ˘.3. ¢ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÙ ÎÂÓfi 500 mbar (appleÚÔÛÔ¯‹: Ô ÛˆÏ‹Ó·˜ Û‡Ó‰ÂÛ˘ Ì ÙÔ ÓÙÂapplefi˙ÈÙÔ apple·Ú·Ì¤ÓÂÈ ÊÚ·Á̤ÓÔ˜).4. ·Ú·ÙËÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ¤Ó‰ÂÈÍË ÙÔ˘ Ì·ÓÔ̤ÙÚÔ˘ Ù˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜ ÎÂÓÔ‡.·) ∞Ó Ë ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛË ‰È·ÊÔÚÔappleÔÈÂ›Ù·È Î·Ù¿ 10 mbar Û 30 sec ÙfiÙÂ Ë ‚·Ï‚›‰· ÙÔ˘ ηӛÛÙÚÔ˘ ¯ÚÂÈ¿˙ÂÙ·È ·ÓÙÈ-ηٿÛÙ·ÛË.‚) ∞Ó ‰ÂÓ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ ‰È·ÊÔÚÔappleÔ›ËÛË Ù˘ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘ ÙfiÙ ÙÔ appleÚfi‚ÏËÌ· Â›Ó·È ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi.ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ˆÌÈ΋˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓËÙÈ΋˜ ‚·Ï‚›‰·˜1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Ê›Û· Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓËÙÈ΋˜ ‚·Ï‚›‰·˜ ÙÔ˘ ηӛÛÙÚÔ˘.3. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ˆÌÈ΋ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÙÔ˘ appleËÓ›Ô˘ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔ‚·Ï‚›‰·˜ ηÈÛ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·.4. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù‹ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.∂∞º∂ ∏§∂∫∆ƒ√µ∞§µ.∞¡∆π∆∞∏ (ø)∞ – µ


7.2 µ∞§µπ¢∞ ∞¡∞∫√Àºπ∏ ∫∞¡π∆ƒ√À ∂¡∂ƒ°√À ∞¡£ƒ∞∫∞ 127µ∞§µπ¢∞ ∞¡∞∫√Àºπ∏ ∫∞¡π∆ƒ√À ∂¡∂ƒ°√À ∞¡£ƒ∞∫∞ºY§§O EP°OYŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔ‚·Ï‚›‰·˜1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Ê›Û· Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔ‚·Ï‚›‰·˜ ÙÔ˘ ηӛÛÙÚÔ˘.3. B¿ÏÙ Û ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.4. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÛÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·.5. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù‹ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.∂∞º∂ ºπ∞∆∞∏ (V)∞ - °Â›ˆÛË∂ƒø∆∏∂π1. Ò˜ ı· ÌÂÙ·‚ÏËı› Ë Û‡ÛÙ·ÛË ÙÔ˘ Ì›ÁÌ·ÙÔ˜ ·Ó Ë ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈ‹ÛÂÈ ÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔ‚·Ï‚›-‰·, ÂÓÒ ÙÔ Î¿ÓÈÛÙÚÔ ‰ÂÓ appleÂÚȤ¯ÂÈ ·ÙÌÔ‡˜ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘; ∂ÍËÁ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·apple¿ÓÙËÛË Û·˜.2. °È·Ù› fiÙ·Ó Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ› ·) ÛÙÔ ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ› Î·È ‚) apple¿Óˆ ·applefi ¤Ó· fiÚÈÔ ÊÔÚÙ›Ô˘, Ë ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿-‰· ‰ÂÓ ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈ› ÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔ‚·Ï‚›‰·;3. ∂ÍËÁ‹ÛÙ ÁÈ·Ù› ÂÌappleÏÔ˘Ù›˙ÂÙ·È ÙÔ Î·‡ÛÈÌÔ Ì›ÁÌ· fiÙ·Ó ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈÂ›Ù·È Ë ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓËÙÈ΋ ‚·Ï‚›‰·.4. ∂ÍËÁ‹ÛÙ ÁÈ·Ù›, ηٿ ÙË Ê¿ÛË ÙÔ˘ Ì˯·ÓÈÎÔ‡ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ηϋ˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ (‚‹Ì· ¿ÛÎËÛ˘ 4·), ·Ó ÙÔ Ì·Ófi-ÌÂÙÚÔ ‰Â ‰Â›ÍÂÈ ÙÈÌ‹ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘, ¤¯Ô˘Ì ηϋ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓËÙÈ΋˜ ‚·Ï‚›‰·˜.5. ∂ÍËÁ‹ÛÙ ÙÈ appleÚfi‚ÏËÌ· ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Î·È ÙÈ ÂappleÈappleÙÒÛÂȘ ı· ¤¯Ô˘Ì ηٿ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·, fiÙ·Ó ‰È·-appleÈÛÙÒÛÔ˘Ì ηٿ ÙÔÓ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô fiÙÈ Ë ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛË ‰È·ÊÔÚÔappleÔÈÂ›Ù·È Î·Ù¿ 10 mbar Û 30sec.6. ∆ÔappleÔıÂÙ‹ÛÙ ÛÙ· ηٿÏÏËÏ· ÛËÌ›· ÙÔ˘ Û¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÙÔÓ ·ÚÈıÌfi Ù˘ οı appleÚfiÙ·Û˘:1. ∏ÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓËÙÈ΋ ‚·Ï‚›‰·2. ∫¿ÓÈÛÙÚÔ ÂÓÂÚÁÔ‡ ¿Óıڷη3. ÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜4. ∂›ÛÔ‰Ô˜ ·ÙÌÒÓ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘ ÛÙÔ Î¿ÓÈÛÙÚÔ5. ∂Ê·ÚÌÔÁ‹ Ù˘ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛ˘ ÛÙÔ Î¿ÓÈÛÙÚÔ6. ∂›ÛÔ‰Ô˜ ·ÙÌÔÛÊ·ÈÚÈÎÔ‡ ·¤Ú· ÛÙÔ Î¿ÓÈÛÙÚÔ7. ∂›ÛÔ‰Ô˜ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ÛÙËÓ appleÔÏÏ·appleÏ‹ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜


128 KEºA§AIO 7: À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À ∂∫√ªø¡ ƒÀø¡µ∞§µπ¢∞ ∞¡∞∫√Àºπ∏ ∫∞¡π∆ƒ√À ∂¡∂ƒ°√À ∞¡£ƒ∞∫∞ºY§§O EP°AIA˘ÁÎÂÓÙÚÒÛÙ appleÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ ÙÚfiappleÔ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ¿ÏÏˆÓ Û˘ÛÙËÌ¿ÙˆÓ, ‰È·Ù¿ÍÂˆÓ ‹ Ì˯·ÓÈÛÌÒÓ appleÔ˘ÂÊ·ÚÌfi˙ÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú˜ Ó¤·˜ Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›·˜ appleÚÔÎÂÈ̤ÓÔ˘ ÙÔ ·˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ Ó· Á›ÓÂÈ ÊÈÏÈÎfiÙÂÚÔ appleÚÔ˜ ÙÔappleÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓ.BÔ‹ıÂÈ·: ÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜ ÌappleÔÚ›Ù ӷ ‚Ú›Ù ÛÙȘ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈΤ˜ ‰È¢ı‡ÓÛÂȘ:


KEºA§AIO 8À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À8.1 ∫ÂÓÙÚÈÎfi ÚÂϤ8.2 ∫ÂÓÙÚÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘


8.1 KENTPIKO PE§E 131µ·ÛÈΤ˜ ·Ú¯¤˜∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫√ ƒ∂§∂ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN√È ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓËÙÈÎÔ› ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈËÙ¤˜ ‚·Û›˙ÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ Ì·ÁÓËÙÈÛÌfi, appleÔ˘ ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· Â›Ó·È Ê˘ÛÈÎfi˜ (‰ËÏ·‰‹ Ó·‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÂ›Ù·È ·applefi Ì·ÁÓ‹Ù˜) ‹ Ó· ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÂ›Ù·È ËÏÂÎÙÚÈο (ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓËÙÈο Ê·ÈÓfiÌÂÓ·).ƒÂϤ∏ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙˆÓ ÚÂϤ ‚·Û›˙ÂÙ·È ÛÙ· ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓË-ÙÈο Ê·ÈÓfiÌÂÓ·, appleÔ˘ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡ÓÙ·È, ηıÒ˜ ¤Ó·Ú‡̷ ‰È·appleÂÚÓ¿ ¤Ó· appleËÓ›Ô, appleÔ˘ Â›Ó·È appleÂÚÈÂÏÈÁ̤ÓÔÁ‡Úˆ ·applefi ¤Ó· Ì·Ï·Îfi Û›‰ËÚÔ.∆· ÚÂϤ ¤¯Ô˘Ó ۯ‰ȷÛÙ› ηٿ Ù¤ÙÔÈÔ ÙÚfiappleÔ ÒÛÙÂ Ó·Â›Ó·È ‰˘Ó·Ùfi Ú‡̷ٷ ˘„ËÏ‹˜ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ Ó· Ú¤Ô˘Ó, ÂÏÂÁ-¯fiÌÂÓ· ·applefi ÌÈÎÚ¿ Ú‡̷ٷ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘. Œ¯Ô˘Ó ‰˘Ô ΢ÎÏÒ-Ì·Ù·, ¤Ó· ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÈÛ¯‡, ̤ۈ ÙÔ˘ ÔappleÔ›Ô˘ ÙÔ Ú‡̷ Ù˘Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ Ú¤ÂÈ appleÚÔ˜ ¤Ó·Ó ηٷӷψً Î·È ¤Ó· ¿ÏÏÔ·Îψ̷ ¯·ÌËÏ‹˜ ηٷӿψÛ˘ ÁÈ· ÙÔÓ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô, appleÔ˘ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· Ù›ıÂÙ·È Û ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ.


132 KEºA§AIO 8: À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫√ ƒ∂§∂ºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 1ÎÔappleÔ›:∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. ¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› ÙÔÓ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘Ú-Á›· ÙÔ˘ ÚÂϤ.2. ¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÂÚÈÁÚ¿ÊÂÈ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ÚÂϤ fiÙ·Ó ÙÔ˘ ‰›ÓÂ-Ù·È ÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘.1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ Clio2. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ3. ªapple·Ù·Ú›· 12 VÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÂÎΛÓËÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ∞Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÙ ÙÔ appleÏ·ÛÙÈÎfi Î¿Ï˘ÌÌ· Ù˘ ·ÛÊ·ÏÂÈÔı‹Î˘.3. ∞Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÎÂÓÙÚÈÎfi ÚÂϤ.4. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ˆÌÈ΋ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛËfiappleˆ˜ ‰Â›¯ÓÂÈ ÙÔ Û¯‹Ì· Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏË-ÚÒÛÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ Ù˘ ÛÙËÓ Î·Ù¿ÏÏË-ÏË ı¤ÛË ÙÔ˘ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·.


8.1 KENTPIKO PE§E 133∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫√ ƒ∂§∂ºY§§O EP°OY5. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÚÂϤ Ì ÙÔ˘˜ applefiÏÔ˘˜ ÌÈ·˜ Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ 12 V fiappleˆ˜ ‰Â›¯ÓÂÈ ÙÔ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ Û¯‹Ì·.6. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ˆÌÈ΋ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ Ù˘ ÛÙËÓ Î·Ù¿ÏÏËÏË ı¤ÛË ÙÔ˘ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆapple›Ó·Î·.7. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.∂∞º∂ §∂π∆√Àƒ°π∞ ∞¡∆π∆∞∏30 – 87 ƒÂϤ ·appleÔÛ˘Ó‰Â̤ÓÔ30 – 87 ƒÂϤ Û˘Ó‰Â̤ÓÔ Ì Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ˆÌÈ΋˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ÙÔ˘ appleËÓ›Ô˘1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·Ó¿ÊÏÂ͢ Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ∞Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÚÂϤ ·applefi ÙË ı¤ÛË ÙÔ˘.3. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ˆÌÈ΋ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË, fiappleˆ˜ ‰Â›¯ÓÂÈ ÙÔ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ Û¯‹Ì· Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆapple›Ó·Î·:∂∞º∂øªπ∫∏ ∞¡∆π∆∞∏85 – 86 ƒÂϤ ·appleÔÛ˘Ó‰Â̤ÓÔ4. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.


134 KEºA§AIO 8: À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√ÀŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫√ ƒ∂§∂ºY§§O EP°OY1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÛÙË ı¤ÛË OFF.2. ∞Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÙ ÙÔ ÎÂÓÙÚÈÎfi ÚÂϤ.3. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ L3 – Á›ˆÛ˘ Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ Ù˘ ÛÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆapple›Ó·Î·.L3FKHLML5L1L24. ∞ÓÔ›ÍÙ ÙÔÓ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜.5. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ L1 – Á›ˆÛ˘ Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ Ù˘ ÛÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆapple›Ó·Î·.6. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.∂∞º∂ §∂π∆√Àƒ°π∞ ∆∞∏L3 – °Â›ˆÛËL1 – °Â›ˆÛË∫ÏÂÈÛÙfi˜ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘∞ÓÔÈÎÙfi˜ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘∂ƒø∆∏∂π


8.1 KENTPIKO PE§E 135∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫√ ƒ∂§∂ºY§§O EP°OY∞) ·Ú·ÙËÚÒÓÙ·˜ ÙËÓ apple·Ú·apple¿Óˆ ÂÈÎfiÓ· ·apple·ÓÙ‹ÛÙ ÛÙȘ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ÂÚˆÙ‹ÛÂȘ:1. ∆Ô ÚÂϤ ¤¯ÂÈ Ù¤ÛÛÂÚȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ø∆√§∞£√2. √È Âapple·Ê¤˜ 3 Î·È 4 Â›Ó·È ÌfiÓÈÌ· Û˘Ó‰Â̤Ó˜.ø∆√§∞£√3. ∏ Âapple·Ê‹ 3 ÙÔ˘ ÚÂϤ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Ì ÙÔ ıÂÙÈÎfi applefiÏÔ (+) Ù˘ Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜.ø∆√§∞£√4. ªÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ 1 Î·È 2 ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÙÔ appleËÓ›Ô ÙÔ˘ ÚÂϤ.ø∆√§∞£√5. ŸÙ·Ó Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜ ·applefi ÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ 1 Î·È 2 appleÂÚÓ¿ÂÈ Ú‡̷.ø∆√§∞£√6. ŸÙ·Ó ·ÓÔ›ÍÔ˘Ì ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ·Îψ̷ ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ 3 Î·È 5 apple·Ú·-̤ÓÂÈ ·ÓÔÈÎÙfi.ø∆√§∞£√7. ∞ÓÙÈÛÙÔȯ›ÛÙ ÛÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· ÙȘ appleÚÔÙ¿ÛÂȘ ÙˆÓ ‰‡Ô ÛÙËÏÒÓ:Œ¯Ô˘Ì Ú‡̷ ˘„ËÏ‹˜ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ fiÙ·Ó·ÓÔ›ÍÔ˘Ì ÙÔÓ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜Œ¯Ô˘Ì Ú‡̷ ¯·ÌËÏ‹˜ ¤ÓÙ·Û˘ fiÙ·Ó·ÓÔ›ÍÔ˘Ì ÙÔÓ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜Œ¯Ô˘Ì Ú‡̷ ›ÛÔ Ì ÙÔ Ìˉ¤Ó fiÙ·Ó·ÓÔ›ÍÔ˘Ì ÙÔÓ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜∫‡Îψ̷ Âapple·ÊÒÓ 3 – 4∫‡Îψ̷ Âapple·ÊÒÓ 1 – 2∫‡Îψ̷ Âapple·ÊÒÓ 1 – 5∫‡Îψ̷ Âapple·ÊÒÓ 3 – 5µ) ·Ú·ÙËÚÒÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· appleÂÚÈÁÚ¿„Ù ·Ó·Ï˘ÙÈο ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ÚÂϤfiÙ·Ó ·ÓÔ›ÍÔ˘Ì ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË. ∂apple›Û˘, ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÂÙ ٷ ÂÍ·ÚÙ‹Ì·Ù· ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜, Ù· ÔappleÔ›· ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙÔ‡-ÓÙ·È Ì ٿÛË ·applefi ÙËÓ Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·, fiÙ·Ó ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈËı› ÙÔ ÚÂϤ.


136 KEºA§AIO 8: À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫√ ƒ∂§∂ºY§§O EP°OY°) ÙÔ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ Û¯‹Ì· ·appleÂÈÎÔÓ›˙ÂÙ·È Ô ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÂÓfi˜ ÚÂϤ ÙÂÛÛ¿ÚˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ. ∞ӷʤÚÂÙ ÙÈ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘Ì ÌÂÙÔ ‰ÂÍÈfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ Î·È ÙÈ Ì ÙÔ ·ÚÈÛÙÂÚfi:21432 143¢) ·Ú·ÙËÚÒÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ Û¯‹Ì· ÂÍËÁ‹ÛÙ ÁÈ·Ù› ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ ÌÂÙÚ¿ÂÈ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË Ù˘ Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ (12V).2 124134 3∂) ·Ú·ÙËÚÒÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ Û¯‹Ì· ÙÈ Û˘ÌappleÂÚ·›ÓÂÙ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Î·Ù¿ÛÙ·ÛË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤ÓÔ˘ÚÂϤ; ∞Ó ÙÔ appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ ¤‰ÂȯÓ ̛· ÙÈÌ‹ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ÙÈ Û˘Ìapple¤Ú·ÛÌ· ı· ‚Á¿˙·ÙÂ;2124134 3


8.1 KENTPIKO PE§E 137∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫√ ƒ∂§∂ºY§§O EP°AIAÙËÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ÂÈÎfiÓ· Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È ¤Ó· ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ·Îψ̷ Ì ÙȘ ηٿÏÏËϘ ·ÛÊ¿ÏÂȘ (30, 15, 7.5 × 3 Ambs)Î·È Ù¤ÛÛÂÚȘ ηٷӷψ٤˜ ÔÈ ÔappleÔ›ÔÈ ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈÔ‡ÓÙ·È Ù·˘Ùfi¯ÚÔÓ· ·applefi ÙÔÓ apple›Ó·Î· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘.ñ ∂ÍËÁ‹ÛÙ appleÒ˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ› ÙÔ ÚÂϤ ÛÙÔ Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤ÓÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ·Îψ̷ Î·È appleÔÈ· Â›Ó·È Ë ¯ÚËÛÈÌfiÙËÙ·ÙÔ˘.ñ ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÛÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ ÌÂٷ͇ Ù˘ ·ÛÊ¿ÏÂÈ·˜ 15 A Î·È ÙÔ˘ ·ÓÂÌÈÛÙ‹Ú· ¤Ó· ÚÂϤ apple¤ÓÙ Âapple·ÊÒÓ, ¤ÙÛÈÒÛÙ ӷ ÌappleÔÚԇ̠ӷ ÂϤÁÍÔ˘Ì ÌÂÌÔӈ̤ӷ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ·ÓÂÌÈÛÙ‹Ú· ·applefi ÙÔÓ apple›Ó·Î· ¯·ÌËÏÒÓÚÂ˘Ì¿ÙˆÓ.›Ó·Î·˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘¯·ÌËÏÒÓ ÚÂ˘Ì¿ÙˆÓK·Ù·Ó·ÏˆÙ‹˜ 47,515AÛÊ·ÏÂÈÔı‹ÎËK·Ù·Ó·ÏˆÙ‹˜ 3KÂÓÙÚÈ΋·ÛÊ¿ÏÂÈ·30PÂϤ7,57,5K·Ù·Ó·ÏˆÙ‹˜ 1K·Ù·Ó·ÏˆÙ‹˜ 2


138 KEºA§AIO 8: À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫∏ ª√¡∞¢∞ ∂§∂°Ã√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN∏ ηډȿ ÙÔ˘ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˘ Â›Ó·È Î·Ù·Û΢·Ṳ̂ÓË ·applefi ÌÈ· ÛÂÈÚ¿ ÔÏÔÎÏËÚˆÌ¤ÓˆÓ Î˘Îψ̿وÓ: ÙÔ˘˜ ÌÈÎÚÔÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ·ÛÙ¤˜,ÙË ÌÓ‹ÌË ÙÔ˘ appleÚÔÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜, ÙË ÌÓ‹ÌË ÙˆÓ ‰Â‰ÔÌ¤ÓˆÓ Î·È Ù· ΢ÎÏÒÌ·Ù· appleÔ˘ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘Ó ÙȘÂÈÛfi‰Ô˘˜ Î·È ÙȘ ÂÍfi‰Ô˘˜.


8.2 ∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫∏ ª√¡∞¢∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À 139∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫∏ ª√¡∞¢∞ ∂§∂°Ã√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøNªÈÎÚÔÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹˜√ ÌÈÎÚÔÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹˜ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÛÙÔ ÂÛˆÙÂÚÈÎfi ÙÔ˘ ÂÁÎÂÊ¿ÏÔ˘ Î·È ·appleÔÙÂÏÂ›Ù·È ·applefi ¤Ó· Û‡ÓÔÏÔ Û˘Û΢ÒÓ,appleÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ÂÓۈ̷و̤Ó˜ Û ¤Ó· ·appleÏfi chip, ÙÔ˘ ÔappleÔ›Ô˘ Ë ·appleÔÛÙÔÏ‹ Â›Ó·È Ë ·ÍÈÔÏfiÁËÛË ÌÈ·˜ ÛÂÈÚ¿˜ ·applefi‰Â‰Ô̤ӷ Î·È Û‹Ì·Ù· appleÔ˘ ÌÂÙ·‰›‰ÔÓÙ·È ·applefi ÙÔ Â͈ÙÂÚÈÎfi appleÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓ. ∏ ‰È·‰Èηۛ· ·˘Ù‹ Â›Ó·È ÁÓˆÛÙ‹ Û·ÓÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ·Û›· ‰Â‰ÔÌ¤ÓˆÓ Î·È ÁÈ· Ó· "ÁÓˆÚ›˙ÂÈ" ÙÈ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· οÓÂÈ Ì ٷ ‰Â‰Ô̤ӷ ·˘Ù¿, ·apple·ÈÙÂ›Ù·È ¤Ó· "appleÚfi-ÁÚ·ÌÌ·", appleÔ˘ ·Ó¿ apple¿Û· ÛÙÈÁÌ‹ ˘appleÔ‰ÂÈÎÓ‡ÂÈ, applefiÙÂ, appleÒ˜ Î·È appleÔ‡ appleÚ¤appleÂÈ Ó· ÂappleÂÓÂÚÁ‹ÛÂÈ. ∆Ô appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ· ·appleÔ-ÙÂÏÂ›Ù·È ·applefi ÌÈ· ÛÂÈÚ¿ ÂÓÙÔÏÒÓ Î·È Ô‰ËÁÈÒÓ appleÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ÁÚ·Ì̤Ó˜ Û ÌÈ· ÁÏÒÛÛ· appleÔ˘ Á›ÓÂÙ·È ·ÓÙÈÏËappleÙ‹ ·applefiÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ (ÁÏÒÛÛ· appleÚÔÁÚ·ÌÌ·ÙÈÛÌÔ‡). ∆Ô appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ· "·appleÔıË·ÂÙ·È" Û ÌÈ· ı¤ÛË appleÔ˘ ‰ÂÓ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ Î›Ó-‰˘ÓÔ˜ ÌˉÂÓÈÛÌÔ‡ ÙÔ˘. ∏ ÌÓ‹ÌË appleÔ˘ appleÂÚȤ¯ÂÈ ÙȘ ‚·ÛÈΤ˜ Ô‰ËÁ›Â˜ ÁÈ· ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ÌÈÎÚÔÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹Â›Ó·È ·appleÔıËÎÂ˘Ì¤ÓË ÛÙËÓ ÌÓ‹ÌË ROM, appleÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ÌÈ· ÌÓ‹ÌË appleÔ˘ ÂappleÈÙÚ¤appleÂÈ ÌfiÓÔ ÙËÓ ·Ó¿ÁÓˆÛË Ù˘. √ ÌÈÎÚÔ-ÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹˜ ¯ÚÂÈ¿˙ÂÙ·È Âapple›Û˘ ÌÈ· appleÂÚÈÔ¯‹ ÁÈ· Ó· ·appleÔıË·ÂÈ appleÚÔÛˆÚÈÓ¿ Ù· ‰Â‰Ô̤ӷ, fiappleÔ˘ Ó· ÌappleÔÚ›ӷ ηٷ¯ˆÚ› Ù· ‰Â‰Ô̤ӷ appleÔ˘ ÌÂÙ·‰›‰ÔÓÙ·È ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú˜ Î·È Ó· ÊÔÚÙÒÓÂÈ ÙÔ appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ· ÏÂÈ-ÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ Ì ÙȘ Ô‰ËÁ›Â˜. ∏ ÌÓ‹ÌË ·˘Ù‹ Â›Ó·È ÁÓˆÛÙ‹ Û·Ó ÌÓ‹ÌË RAM, appleÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ÌÈ· ÌÓ‹ÌË appleÔ˘ Â›Ó·È ‰˘Ó·Ù‹Ë ·Ó¿ÁÓˆÛË Î·È Ë ÂÁÁÚ·Ê‹ Ù˘. ∂apple›Û˘ ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· ÌˉÂÓÈÛÙ› (·˘Ù‹ Â›Ó·È Ë ÌÓ‹ÌË appleÔ˘ ηٷÁÚ¿ÊÔÓÙ·È Ù·ÌËӇ̷ٷ ÙˆÓ ‚Ï·‚ÒÓ). ∆Ô appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ· Â›Ó·È ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈÎfi ÁÈ· οı ۇÛÙËÌ· appleÔ˘ ÂϤÁ¯ÂÙ·È ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÌÈÎÚÔÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹.ŒÓ· Û‡ÛÙËÌ· ABS ¯ÚÂÈ¿˙ÂÙ·È ¤Ó· Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤ÓÔ appleÚfiÁÚ·ÌÌ· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ Ì ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈΤ˜ ÙÈ̤˜·applefi ·˘Ùfi appleÔ˘ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÂ›Ù·È ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ ÂÓfi˜ Û˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈο ÂÏÂÁ¯fiÌÂÓÔ˘ „ÂηÛÌÔ‡.∫ÂÓÙÚÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰·ÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ·Û›·˜ (CPU)∏ CPU ¢ڛÛÎÂÙ·È ÛÙÔ ÂÛˆÙÂÚÈÎfi ÙÔ˘ ÂÁÎÂÊ¿ÏÔ˘ Î·È Â›Ó·È ÙÔ Ì˘·Ïfi ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜. ∂ÎÙÂÏ› ‰‡Ô ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›Â˜:ññ∆ËÓ ÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ·Û›· ÙˆÓ ‰Â‰Ô̤ӈÓ∆Ô Û˘ÓÙÔÓÈÛÌfi ÙˆÓ ÂÓÂÚÁÂÈÒÓ fiÏˆÓ ÙˆÓ Û˘ÛÙËÌ¿ÙˆÓ.√ ‰›·˘ÏÔ˜ ‰Â‰ÔÌ¤ÓˆÓ Î·È Ù· ÙÂÚÌ·ÙÈο ‰È·Û‡Ó‰ÂÛ˘ ÂÈÛfi‰ˆÓ Î·È ÂÍfi‰ˆÓ ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È Âapple›Û˘ ÛÙÔ ÂÛˆÙÂÚÈÎfiÙÔ˘ ÂÁÎÂÊ¿ÏÔ˘.¢›·˘ÏÔ˜ ‰Â‰ÔÌ¤ÓˆÓ (CAN BUS)√ ‰›·˘ÏÔ˜ ‰Â‰ÔÌ¤ÓˆÓ fiappleˆ˜ Ê·›ÓÂÙ·È ÛÙÔ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ Û¯‹Ì· Â›Ó·È ÌÈ· ÛÂÈÚ¿ ·applefi ÁÚ·Ì̤˜ Û˘ÏÏÔÁ‹˜ ̤۷ ·applefiÙȘ Ôappleԛ˜ ΢ÎÏÔÊÔÚÔ‡Ó ÔÈ appleÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜ ·applefi ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú˜ appleÚÔ˜ ÙÔÓ ÌÈÎÚÔÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ Î·È ·applefi ÂΛ ÛÙ·ÛÙ¿‰È· ÙÂÏÈ΋˜ ÈÛ¯‡Ô˜. º¤ÚÓÂÈ Û Âapple·Ê‹ ÙËÓ CPU Ì ÙȘ ÌÔÓ¿‰Â˜ ‰È·¯Â›ÚÈÛ˘.∆ÂÚÌ·ÙÈο ‰È·Û‡Ó‰ÂÛ˘ ÂÈÛfi‰ˆÓ / ÂÍfi‰ˆÓ∞˘Ù¿ ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡ÓÙ·È ·applefi ÌÈ· ÛÂÈÚ¿ ÔÏÔÎÏËÚˆÌ¤ÓˆÓ Î˘ÎÏˆÌ¿ÙˆÓ appleÔ˘ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÔ‡ÓÙ·È ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÂappleÈÎÔÈÓˆÓ›·ÙˆÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹ÚˆÓ Ì ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈËÙ¤˜.∂apple›Û˘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÔÓÙ·È Ì ÙÔ Î‡Îψ̷ Ù˘ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜. √È ·Ó·ÏÔÁÈÎÔ›-„ËÊÈ·ÎÔ› ÌÂÙ·ÙÚÔapple›˜ Î·È ÔÈ„ËÊÈ·ÎÔ› - ·Ó·ÏÔÁÈÎÔ› ÌÂÙ·ÙÚÔapple›˜ ‚Ú›ÛÎÔÓÙ·È, Âapple›Û˘, Û ·˘Ù¿ Ù· ÙÂÚÌ·ÙÈο ‰È·Û‡Ó‰ÂÛ˘.


140 KEºA§AIO 8: À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫∏ ª√¡∞¢∞ ∂§∂°Ã√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN∞Ó·ÏÔÁÈÎÔ› - „ËÊÈ·ÎÔ› Î·È „ËÊÈ·ÎÔ› - ·Ó·ÏÔÁÈÎÔ› ÌÂÙ·ÙÚÔapple›˜√ ·Ó·ÏÔÁÈÎfi˜ - „ËÊÈ·Îfi˜ ÌÂÙ·ÙÚÔapple¤·˜ ÂÍ·ÛÊ·Ï›˙ÂÈ fiÙÈ Ù· ·Ó·ÏÔÁÈο Û‹Ì·Ù· ÌÂÙ·ÙÚ¤appleÔÓÙ·È Û „ËÊÈ·ÎÔ‡˜apple·ÏÌÔ‡˜. √È „ËÊÈ·ÎÔ› apple·ÏÌÔ› ÌÂÙ·‰›‰ÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ ÌÈÎÚÔÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ Î·È ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÔ‡ÓÙ·È ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÂappleÂÍÂÚ-Á·Û›· ÙˆÓ ÂÓÙÔÏÒÓ ÂÍfi‰Ô˘, appleÔ˘ ÌÂÙ·‰›‰ÔÓÙ·È ÛÙÔ „ËÊÈ·Îfi - ·Ó·ÏÔÁÈÎfi ÌÂÙ·ÙÚÔapple¤·, ·applefi fiappleÔ˘ ÂͤگÔÓÙ·ÈÁÈ· ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ηٿÏÏËÏÔ˘ ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈËÙ‹ Ì ¤Ó· ·Ó·ÏÔÁÈÎfi Û‹Ì·.Renault clio IIÙÔ ·˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ appleÔ˘ ÂÍÂÙ¿˙Ô˘ÌÂ Ô ÙÚfiappleÔ˜ ÂappleÈÎÔÈÓˆÓ›·˜ ÌÂٷ͇ Ù˘ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ (CPU) Î·È ÙˆÓ ÂappleÈ-̤ÚÔ˘˜ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈÎÒÓ ÌÔÓ¿‰ˆÓ, ·ÈÛıËÙ‹ÚˆÓ, ÂÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈËÙÒÓ Â›Ó·È ·ÓÙ›ÛÙÔȯԘ Ì ·˘ÙfiÓ appleÔ˘ ·appleÂÈÎÔÓ›˙ÂÙ·ÈÛÙÔ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ Û¯‹Ì·.AÈÛıËÙ‹Ú˜EÓÂÚÁÔappleÔÈËÙ¤˜


8.1 KENTPIKO PE§E 141∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫∏ ª√¡∞¢∞ ∂§∂°Ã√ÀºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 2ÎÔapplefi˜:¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› ÙÔÓ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·Ù˘ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ ECM Ì ‚¿ÛË ·˘Ù¿ appleÔ˘ ÔÚ›˙ÂÈ Ô Î·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙ‹˜.∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. Renault Clio2. Breakout box3. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘:ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÂÎΛÓËÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜.2. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· ÙÔ break out box ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.3. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙÂ Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ ÛÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ break out box Ì ‚¿ÛË ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·-οو apple›Ó·Î·.∂∞º∂ break out box §∂π∆√Àƒ°π∞ ∆∞∏32 – °Â›ˆÛË ¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜24 – °Â›ˆÛË ¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜4. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.


8.2 ∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫∏ ª√¡∞¢∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À 142ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÁÂÈÒÛÂˆÓ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫∏ ª√¡∞¢∞ ∂§∂°Ã√ÀºY§§O EP°OY1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÂÎΛÓËÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Ê›Û· Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜.3. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙÂ Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙËÓ ˆÌÈ΋ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË ÛÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ Ì ‚¿ÛË ÙÔÓapple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·.4. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.∂∞º∂ ËÏÂÎÙÚ. ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜∞¡∆π∆∞∏2 – °Â›ˆÛË3 – °Â›ˆÛË18 – °Â›ˆÛË∂ƒø∆∏∂π1. ∞Ó ÔÈ ˆÌÈΤ˜ ·ÓÙÈÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ appleÔ˘ ÌÂÙÚ‹Û·Ù ÛÙÔ ‚‹Ì· 3 Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘ ‹Ù·Ó ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚ˜ ·applefi ·˘Ù¤˜ appleÔ˘ appleÚÔ-‚ϤappleÂÈ Ô Î·Ù·Û΢·ÛÙ‹˜ ÙÈ appleÚÔ‚Ï‹Ì·Ù· ı· ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡ÓÙ·Ó Î·Ù¿ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·;¢ÈηÈÔÏÔÁ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·apple¿ÓÙËÛË Û·˜.2. ÔÏÏÔ› ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú˜ ÛÙ· ·˘ÙÔΛÓËÙ· Ó¤·˜ Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›·˜ (apple.¯. ıÂÚÌÔÎÚ·Û›·˜, Ô͢ÁfiÓÔ˘ Î.Ïapple.) ÛÙ¤ÏÓÔ˘Ó ¤Ó··Ó·ÏÔÁÈÎfi «Û‹Ì·» ÛÙÔ ÌÈÎÚÔÂappleÂÍÂÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘, Ô ÔappleÔ›Ô˜ ÌappleÔÚ› Ó· ‰Â¯Ù›ÌfiÓÔ „ËÊȷο «Û‹Ì·Ù·». Àapple¿Ú¯ÂÈ appleÚfi‚ÏËÌ· ÛÙËÓ ÂappleÈÎÔÈÓˆÓ›· ·˘ÙÒÓ ÙˆÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹ÚˆÓ Ì ÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ-΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰·; ¢ÈηÈÔÏÔÁ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·apple¿ÓÙËÛË Û·˜.


8.1 KENTPIKO PE§E 143∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫∏ ª√¡∞¢∞ ∂§∂°Ã√ÀºY§§O EP°AIA∞Ó·˙ËÙ‹ÛÙ appleÏËÚÔÊÔڛ˜ Û¯ÂÙÈΤ˜ Ì ÙȘ ÔÌÔÈfiÙËÙ˜ – ‰È·ÊÔÚ¤˜ appleÔ˘ ¤¯ÂÈ Ë ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÙÔ˘ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Û ۯ¤ÛË Ì ÙÔÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈÎfi ˘appleÔÏÔÁÈÛÙ‹ appleÔ˘ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈԇ̠ۋÌÂÚ·.


KEºA§AIO 9∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∂ √Ã∏ª∞∆√9.1 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡9.2 ∞ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ·˜9.3 ∞‰Ú·ÓÂÈ·Îfi˜ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘


9.1 AI£HTHPA IEH TIMONIOY 147µ·ÛÈΤ˜ ·Ú¯¤˜∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ π∂∏ ∆πª√¡π√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøNÀapple¿Ú¯ÂÈ ¤Ó·˜ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ˜ ·ÚÈıÌfi˜ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹ÚˆÓ appleÔ˘ ÙÔ Û‹Ì· ÙÔ˘˜ Â›Ó·È ·appleÔÙ¤ÏÂÛÌ· ÌÈ·˜ Ì˯·ÓÈ΋˜ ÂappleÂÓ¤ÚÁÂÈ·˜.∏ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘˜ Û ÁÂÓÈΤ˜ ÁÚ·Ì̤˜ appleÂÚÈÔÚ›˙ÂÙ·È ÛÙÔ ¿ÓÔÈÁÌ· ‹ ÙÔ ÎÏ›ÛÈÌÔ ÂÓfi˜ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎÔ‡ ΢ÎÏÒÌ·ÙÔ˜Î·È ·˘Ù‹ Â›Ó·È Î·È Ë ÌÔÓ·‰È΋ appleÏËÚÔÊÔÚ›· appleÔ˘ ÛÙ¤ÏÓÔ˘Ó ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰·.¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ apple›ÂÛ˘ ˘‰Ú·˘ÏÈÎÔ‡ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡√ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ·˘Ùfi˜ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÛÙËÓ ¤ÍÔ‰Ô Ù˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ˘‰Ú·˘ÏÈÎÔ‡ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡. ∞appleÔÙÂÏÂ›Ù·È ·applefi ‰‡Ô ·ÎÚÔ-‰¤ÎÙ˜ appleÔ˘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÔÓÙ·È ·apple¢ı›·˜ Ì ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ. ŸÙ·Ó Ë ·ÓÙÏ›· ÂÊ·ÚÌfi˙ÂÈ apple›ÂÛË ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚË ·applefi Ù· 40bar appleÂÚ›appleÔ˘ ÔÈ Âapple·Ê¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ·ÓÔ›ÁÔ˘Ó. ŒÙÛÈ Ô ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜ Ï·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ ÙËÓ appleÏËÚÔÊÔÚ›· fiÙÈ Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜Â›Ó·È ˘applefi ÊÔÚÙ›Ô ÏfiÁˆ Ù˘ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ˘‰Ú·˘ÏÈ΋˜ ˘appleÔ‚Ô‹ıËÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡. ∆Ô Û‹Ì··˘Ùfi ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÂ›Ù·È ·applefi ÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ Ô ÔappleÔ›Ô˜ ¿ÌÂÛ· ·˘Í¿ÓÂÈ ÛÙÈÁÌÈ·›· ÙÔ ·‚¿Ó˜ Î·È apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· ÂÓÂÚ-ÁÔappleÔÈ› ÙÔ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ÌÔÙ¤Ú appleÚÔÎÂÈ̤ÓÔ˘ Ó· ·appleÔÙÚ·apple› Ë Ì›ˆÛË ÙˆÓ ÛÙÚÔÊÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ›.


148 KEºA§AIO 9: AI£HTHPE OXHMATO∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ π∂∏ ∆πª√¡π√ÀºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ apple›ÂÛ˘˘‰Ú·˘ÏÈÎÔ‡ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡ˆÏ‹Ó·˜apple·ÚÔ¯‹˜°Ú·ÌÌ‹ÂappleÈÛÙÚÔÊ‹˜˘ÁÎÚfiÙËÌ· ·ÓÙÏ›·˜EϤÁÍÙ ÁÈ· ‰È·ÚÚÔ¤˜ ÛÙËÓ ÛÙÂÁ·ÓÔappleÔ›ËÛË Ù˘·ÓÙÏ›·˜ Î·È ÛÙȘ ÂÓÒÛÂȘ ÂÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹˜ Î·È ÂÍ·ÁˆÁ‹˜.


9.1 AI£HTHPA IEH TIMONIOY 149∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ π∂∏ ∆πª√¡π√ÀºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 1ÎÔappleÔ›:1. ¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› ÙÔÓ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘Ú-Á›· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· apple›ÂÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡.2. ¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›˙ÂÈ ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿-‰·˜ appleÔ˘ Û¯ÂÙ›˙ÔÓÙ·È Ì ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· apple›ÂÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡ fiÙ·Ó ÙÔ˘ ‰›ÓÂÙ·È ÙÔËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. Renault Clio2. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ3. µreak out box·Ú·Ù‹ÚËÛË:§fiÁˆ Ù˘ ‰˘ÛÎÔÏ›·˜ appleÔ˘ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ ÛÙËÓ appleÚfiÛ‚·ÛË ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· appleÚÔÙ›ÓÂÙ·È Ë ¿ÛÎËÛË ·˘Ù‹ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·-ÙÔappleÔÈËı› Ì ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË ÙÔ˘ breakout box.ÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜.2. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· ÙÔ break out box ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.3. ªÂ ÙË ‚Ô‹ıÂÈ· ÙÔ˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎÔ‡ ‰È·ÁÚ¿ÌÌ·ÙÔ˜, ÂÓÙÔapple›ÛÙ ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ appleÔ˘ Û¯Â-Ù›˙ÔÓÙ·È Ì ÙÔÓ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·.4. ∂ÎÎÈÓ‹ÛÙÂ Î·È ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ‹ÛÂÙ ÙÔÓ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ÛÙÔ ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ›.5. §·Ì‚¿ÓÔÓÙ·˜ ˘applefi„Ë ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.6. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù‹ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.∂∞º∂ ºπ∞ ∂AºE H§EKTP. §∂π∆√Àƒ°π∞ ∆∞∏∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ªONA¢A1 – 2 …… …… ∆ÈÌfiÓÈ Û ›ÛÈ· ı¤ÛË1 – 2 …… …… ∆ÈÌfiÓÈ Û ÌË ›ÛÈ· ı¤ÛË


150 KEºA§AIO 9: AI£HTHPE OXHMATO∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ π∂∏ ∆πª√¡π√ÀºY§§O EP°OY∂ƒø∆∏∂π1. ¢È·appleÈÛÙÒÓÂÙ fiÙÈ Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ οappleÔÈÔ˘ ·˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘ appleÔ˘ ¤¯ÂÈ ÙÈÌfiÓÈ Ì ˘‰Ú·˘ÏÈ΋ ˘appleÔ‚Ô‹ıËÛË apple·ÚÔ˘-ÛÈ¿˙ÂÈ Ì›ˆÛË ÙˆÓ ÛÙÚÔÊÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ› ÌfiÓÔ fiÙ·Ó ÛÙÚ›‚ÂÙ ÙÔ ÙÈÌfiÓÈ. ∞ÈÙÈÔÏÔÁ‹ÛÙ ÙȘ appleÈı·Ó¤˜ ·Èٛ˜appleÔ˘ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡Ó ÙÔ appleÚfi‚ÏËÌ·.2. Ò˜ ı· ÂappleËÚ¿ÛÂÈ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Ì›· ÂӉ¯fiÌÂÓË ‰È·ÎÔapple‹ ÙÔ˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎÔ‡ ΢ÎÏÒÌ·ÙÔ˜ ÙÔ˘·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· apple›ÂÛ˘; ¢ÈηÈÔÏÔÁ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·apple¿ÓÙËÛË Û·˜.3. √ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙÂ›Ù·È Ì ٿÛË 12 V ·applefi ÙËÓ Ìapple·Ù·Ú›· ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜.ø∆√§∞£√4. √ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È Û ÛÂÈÚ¿ ÛÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ·Îψ̷ Ù˘ ÎÂÓÙÚÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜.ø∆√§∞£√5. √ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ÙÈÌÔÓÈÔ‡ ›ӷÈ:∞) Âapple·ÁˆÁÈÎÔ‡ Ù‡appleo˘µ) Ù‡appleÔ˘ Hall°) Ù‡appleÔ˘ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË (on-off)


9.1 AI£HTHPA IEH TIMONIOY 151∫∂¡∆ƒπ∫√ ƒ∂§∂ºY§§O EP°AIA√È ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú˜ apple›ÂÛ˘ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÔ‡ÓÙ·È Î·È Û ¿ÏÏ· Û˘ÛÙ‹Ì·Ù·, ‰È·Ù¿ÍÂȘ Î·È Ì˯·ÓÈÛÌÔ‡˜ ÛÙ· Ô¯‹Ì·Ù·Ó¤·˜ Ù¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›·˜. ∞ӷʤÚÂÙÂ Û˘ÁÎÂÎÚÈ̤ӷ apple·Ú·‰Â›ÁÌ·Ù· appleÔ˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÔ˘Ó ÂÊ·ÚÌÔÁ‹ ÔÈ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú˜ apple›ÂÛ˘appleÂÚÈÁÚ¿ÊÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔÓ ÙÚfiappleÔ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘˜ Î·È ÙÔ ÚfiÏÔ appleÔ˘ ÂappleÈÙÂÏÔ‡Ó.


152 KEºA§AIO 9: AI£HTHPE OXHMATO∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ ∆∞ÃÀ∆∏∆∞ √Ã∏ª∞∆√ (VSS)ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN√ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ·˜ Â›Ó·È Ì·ÁÓËÙÈÎÔ‡ Ù‡appleÔ˘ (Hall) Î·È ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÙÔappleÔıÂÙË̤ÓÔ˜ ÛÙÔ ÎÈ‚ÒÙÈÔ Ù·¯˘Ù‹-ÙˆÓ Û ٤ÙÔÈ· ı¤ÛË ¤ÙÛÈ ÒÛÙ ӷ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÂ›Ù·È ¤Ó·˜ ÙÂÙÚ·ÁˆÓÈÎfi˜ apple·ÏÌfi˜ ·applefi ÙËÓ appleÂÚÈÛÙÚÔÊ‹ ÙˆÓ‰ÔÓÙÈÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ÁÚ·Ó·˙ÈÔ‡, appleÔ˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È apple¿Óˆ ÛÙÔÓ ¿ÍÔÓ· appleÔ˘ ‰›‰ÂÈ ÙËÓ Î›ÓËÛË ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÙÚÔ¯Ô‡˜ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·-ÙÔ˜. ∆ÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙÂ›Ù·È Ì ٿÛË Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ Ì ÙÔ ¿ÓÔÈÁÌ· ÙÔ˘ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË Î·È ÛÙ¤ÏÓÂÈ ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰·ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· Î·È ÛÙÔ Ù·ÌappleÏfi ÙˆÓ ÔÚÁ¿ÓˆÓ ¤Ó· „ËÊÈ·Îfi Û‹Ì· (Ù¿ÛË), ÂÊfiÛÔÓ ÙÔ ·˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ ÎÈÓ›ٷÈ.·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ VSSªÂ ‚¿ÛË ·˘Ù‹ ÙËÓ appleÏËÚÔÊÔÚ›· Ô «ÂÁΤʷÏÔ˜» ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ˘appleÔÏÔÁ›˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ· ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ηÈÚ˘ıÌ›˙ÂÈ Î·Ù¿ÏÏËÏ· ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· ÙÔ˘ ‚ËÌ·ÙÈÎÔ‡ ÌÔÙ¤Ú ÁÈ· ÙË ÛÙ·ıÂÚÔappleÔ›ËÛË ÙˆÓ ÛÙÚÔÊÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ÚÂÏ·ÓÙ›.∂apple›Û˘ Ë appleÏËÚÔÊÔÚ›· ·˘Ù‹ ¯ÚÂÈ¿˙ÂÙ·È:ñ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ¤Ó‰ÂÈÍË Ù˘ Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ·˜ ΛÓËÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÛÙÔÓ apple›Ó·Î· ÙˆÓ ÔÚÁ¿ÓˆÓñ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ‹ Ù˘ ηٿÏÏËÏ˘ Û¯¤Û˘ ÌÂÙ¿‰ÔÛ˘ ΛÓËÛ˘ ÛÙÔ ·˘ÙfiÌ·ÙÔ ÎÈ‚ÒÙÈÔ Ù·¯˘Ù‹ÙˆÓñ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ‹ Ù˘ Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ·˜ appleÂÚÈÛÙÚÔÊ‹˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÓÂÌÈÛÙ‹Ú· ÙÔ˘ air condition.


9.2 AI£HTHPA TAXYTHTA 153∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ ∆∞ÃÀ∆∏∆∞ºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 2ÎÔappleÔ›:∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. ¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› ÙÔÓ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘Ú-Á›· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ·˜ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜.2. ¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜, apple·Ú·ÙËÚÒÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· Ù˘ ËÏÂ-ÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·, Ó· ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›˙ÂÈ ÙÔ ÚfiÏÔ Ù˘ οı Âapple·Ê‹˜ ÙÔ˘·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ·˜.1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ Renault Clio2. Break out box3. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔ4. ·ÏÌÔÁÚ¿ÊÔ˜·Ú·Ù‹ÚËÛË:§fiÁˆ Ù˘ ‰˘ÛÎÔÏ›·˜ appleÔ˘ ˘apple¿Ú¯ÂÈ ÛÙËÓ appleÚfiÛ‚·ÛË ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· appleÚÔÙ›ÓÂÙ·È Ë ¿ÛÎËÛË ·˘Ù‹ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·-ÙÔappleÔÈËı› Ì ÙË ¯Ú‹ÛË ÙÔ˘ break out box.ÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÂÎΛÓËÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Ê›Û· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.3. ∞ÓÔ›ÍÙ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜.4. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·.5. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù‹ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹:∂∞º∂∆∞∏∞ – µ2ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Á›ˆÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÂÎΛÓËÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Ê›Û· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.3. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·.4. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù‹ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹:∂∞º∂∞¡∆π∆∞∏µ2 – °Â›ˆÛË


154 KEºA§AIO 9: AI£HTHPE OXHMATOŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ ∆∞ÃÀ∆∏∆∞ºY§§O EP°OY1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÂÎΛÓËÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜.2. ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· ÙÔ break out box ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.3. ∞Ó˘„ÒÛÙ ÙÔ fi¯ËÌ· ÒÛÙ ÔÈ ÙÚÔ¯Ô› ΛÓËÛ˘ Ó· ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· appleÂÚÈÛÙÚ·ÊÔ‡Ó.4. ∂ÓÙÔapple›ÛÙ ·applefi ÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ appleÔ˘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÔÓÙ·È Ì ÙËÓÂapple·Ê‹ µ1 Î·È ÙË Á›ˆÛË ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·.5. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÛÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î· ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ appleÔ˘ ÂÓÙÔapple›Û·ÙÂ.6. ∞ÓÔ›ÍÂÙ ÙÔ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÂÎΛÓËÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜.7. ÂÚÈÛÙÚ¤„Ù ÙÔ˘˜ ÙÚÔ¯Ô‡˜ Î·È apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· ÌÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ Ù¿ÛË Ì ÙÔÓ apple·ÏÌÔÁÚ¿ÊÔ.8. ˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘ ÛÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·.9. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙËÓ ÙÈÌ‹ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù‹ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.∂∞º∂ (Break out box)∆∞∏µ2 – °Â›ˆÛË∂ƒø∆∏∂π∞) ·Ú·ÙËÚÒÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ·ÓÙÈÛÙÔȯ›ÛÙ ÙȘ appleÚÔ-Ù¿ÛÂȘ Ì ÙȘ Âapple·Ê¤˜ Ù˘ ʛ۷˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ·˜.°Â›ˆÛË∆¿ÛË ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ·applefi ÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰·∆¿ÛË ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ì ÙÔ ¿ÓÔÈÁÌ· ÙÔ˘ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÂÎΛÓËÛ˘∆¿ÛË ÂÍfi‰Ô˘ (Û‹Ì·) ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· appleÚÔ˜ ÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰·µ) ∂ÍËÁ‹ÛÙ ÁÈ·Ù› ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙÂ›Ù·È Ô ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ·˜ Ì ٿÛË 12 V.°) ∞apple·ÓÙ‹ÛÙ ÛÙȘ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ ÂÚˆÙ‹ÛÂȘ ÛˆÛÙÔ‡ – Ï¿ıÔ˘˜:1. ∏ Ù¿ÛË ÂÍfi‰Ô˘ (Û‹Ì·) ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· appleËÁ·›ÓÂÈ ÌfiÓÔ ÛÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·.ø∆√§∞£√2. √ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ·˜ Â›Ó·È Âapple·ÁˆÁÈÎÔ‡ Ù‡appleÔ˘.ø∆√§∞£√3. ∆Ô Û‹Ì· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ·˜ ·ÍÈÔÏÔÁÂ›Ù·È ·applefi ÙË ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ÙÔ˘ ·˘ÙfiÌ·ÙÔ˘ ÎÈ‚ˆÙ›Ô˘ Ù·¯˘-Ù‹ÙˆÓ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ÂappleÈÏÔÁ‹ ηٿÏÏËÏ˘ Û¯¤Û˘ ÌÂÙ¿‰ÔÛ˘ ΛÓËÛ˘.ø∆√§∞£√


9.2 AI£HTHPA TAXYTHTA 155∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ ∆∞ÃÀ∆∏∆∞ºY§§O EP°AIA∏ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÂϤÁ¯Ô˘ ı· ÌappleÔÚÔ‡Û ӷ ˘appleÔÏÔÁ›˙ÂÈ ÙËÓ Ù·¯‡ÙËÙ· ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Ï·Ì‚¿ÓÔÓÙ·˜˘applefi„Ë: ·) ÙÔ Û‹Ì· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÛÙÚÔÊÒÓ appleÔ˘ ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È ÛÙÔÓ ÛÙÚÔÊ·ÏÔÊfiÚÔ ¿ÍÔÓ· Î·È ‚) ÙË Û˘ÓÔÏÈ΋ۯ¤ÛË ÌÂÙ¿‰ÔÛ˘ ΛÓËÛ˘; ¢ÈηÈÔÏÔÁ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ·apple¿ÓÙËÛË Û·˜.


156 KEºA§AIO 9: AI£HTHPE OXHMATO∞¢ƒ∞¡∂π∞∫√ ¢π∞∫√∆∏ºY§§O §HPOºOPIøN√ ·‰Ú·ÓÂÈ·Îfi˜ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÔÓÔÌ¿˙ÂÙ·È ‰È·ÊÔÚÂÙÈο Î·È ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ appleÚfiÛÎÚÔ˘Û˘.√ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·˜ ·˘Ùfi˜ ¯ÚËÛÈÌÔappleÔÈÂ›Ù·È ÁÈ· ÙËÓ ·Ó›¯Ó¢ÛË appleÚÔÛÎÚÔ‡ÛˆÓ. ∏ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ·appleÔÙÂ-ÏÂ›Ù·È ·applefi ‰‡Ô appleϿΘ, Ì›· ÌÂÙ·ÏÏÈ΋ Ìapple¿Ï· Î·È ¤Ó·Ó ÂÏ·ÛÙÈÎfi ‰È·¯ˆÚÈÛÙ‹. √È ÎÂÓÙÚÈΤ˜ appleϿΘ Â›Ó·È Ì·ÁÓË-ÙÈṲ̂Ó˜ Î·È ·appleÔÙÂÏÔ‡Ó Ì¤ÚÔ˜ ÙˆÓ Âapple·ÊÒÓ ÙÔ˘ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË. ∆Ô Û‹Ì· ÌÂÙ·‰›‰ÂÙ·È Û‡Ìʈӷ Ì ٷ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ:∏ Ìapple¿Ï· ‚Ú›ÛÎÂÙ·È Ì¤Û· Û ¤Ó· Ì·ÁÓËÙÈÎfi apple‰›Ô Î·È ¤ÏÎÂÙ·È ·applefi ÙȘ appleϿΘ. ŸÙ·Ó Û˘Ì‚Â› οappleÔÈ· Û‡ÁÎÚÔ˘-ÛË, Ë Ìapple¿Ï· ·appleÔÛapple¿Ù·È ·applefi ÙÔ Ì·ÁÓËÙÈÎfi apple‰›Ô, ÂÁηٷÏ›appleÂÈ ÙËÓ ˘appleÔ‰Ô¯‹ Ù˘, ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÒÓÙ·˜ Âapple·Ê‹ÌÂٷ͇ ÙˆÓ appleÏ·ÎÒÓ Î·È ÎÏ›ÓÂÈ Ì ÙÔÓ ÙÚfiappleÔ ·˘Ùfi ÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ·Îψ̷. ·›ÚÓÔÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ Û‹Ì·, Ë ËÏÂÎÙÚÔ-ÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· ‰È·ÎfiappleÙÂÈ ÙË ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· Ù˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘, ¿Ú· Î·È ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·. ŒÙÛÈ ÌÂÈÒÓÂÙ·È Ô Î›Ó‰˘ÓÔ˜‰È·ÚÚÔ‹˜ ‚ÂÓ˙›Ó˘, Ë ÔappleÔ›·, fiappleˆ˜ ÁÓˆÚ›˙Ô˘Ì ·˘Ù·Ó·ÊϤÁÂÙ·È apple¿Ú· appleÔχ ‡ÎÔÏ·.


9.3 ∞¢ƒ∞¡∂π∞∫√ ¢π∞∫√∆∏ 157∞¢ƒ∞¡∂π∞∫√ ¢π∞∫√∆∏ºY§§O EP°OY∞∫∏∏ 3ÎÔappleÔ›:∞apple·ÈÙÔ‡ÌÂÓ· ̤۷:1. ¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜ Ó· appleÚ·ÁÌ·ÙÔappleÔÈ› ÙÔÓ ¤ÏÂÁ¯Ô ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Î·Ï‹ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘Ú-Á›· ÙÔ˘ ·‰Ú·ÓÂÈ·ÎÔ‡ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË Î·˘Û›ÌÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜.2. ¡· Â›Ó·È Û ı¤ÛË Ô Ì·ıËÙ‹˜, apple·Ú·ÙËÚÒÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· Ù˘ ËÏÂ-ÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·, Ó· ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚ›˙ÂÈ ÙÔ ÚfiÏÔ Ù˘ οı Âapple·Ê‹˜ ÙÔ˘·‰Ú·ÓÂÈ·ÎÔ‡ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË.1. ∞˘ÙÔΛÓËÙÔ Renault Clio2. æËÊÈ·Îfi appleÔχÌÂÙÚÔÔÚ›· Ù˘ ¿ÛÎËÛ˘1. µÂ‚·Èˆı›Ù fiÙÈ Ô ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Â›Ó·È ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜.2. ∞appleÔÛ˘Ó‰¤ÛÙ ÙË Ê›Û· ÙÔ˘ ·‰Ú·ÓÂÈ·ÎÔ‡ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË.3. ∞Ê·ÈÚ¤ÛÙ ÙÔÓ ·‰Ú·ÓÂÈ·Îfi ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË.4. ªÂÙÚ‹ÛÙ ÙËÓ ˆÌÈ΋ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·ÛË Î·È Û˘ÌappleÏËÚÒÛÙ ÙÔÓ apple·Ú·Î¿Ùˆ apple›Ó·Î·.5. ˘ÁÎÚ›ÓÂÙ ÙȘ ÙÈ̤˜ appleÔ˘ ‚ڋηÙ Ì ·˘Ù¤˜ ÙÔ˘ ηٷÛ΢·ÛÙ‹.∂∞º∂ ºπ∞ §∂π∆√Àƒ°π∞ ∞¡∆π∆∞∏1 – 3 ·ÙË̤ÓÔ ÌappleÔ˘ÙfiÓ ÙÔ˘ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË1 – 3 ªË apple·ÙË̤ÓÔ ÌappleÔ˘ÙfiÓ ÙÔ˘ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË∂ƒø∆∏∂π·Ú·ÙËÚÒÓÙ·˜ ÙÔ ËÏÂÎÙÚÈÎfi ‰È¿ÁÚ·ÌÌ· Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜ ÙÔ˘ ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú· ·apple·ÓÙ‹ÛÙ ÛÙȘ apple·Ú·Î¿-Ùˆ ÂÚˆÙ‹ÛÂȘ:1. √ ·‰Ú·ÓÂÈ·Îfi˜ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙÂ›Ù·È Ì ٿÛË ·applefi ÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰·.ø∆√§∞£√2. √ ·‰Ú·ÓÂÈ·Îfi˜ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙÂ›Ù·È Ì ٿÛË ·applefi ÙËÓ Ìapple·Ù·Ú›· Ì ÙÔ ¿ÓÔÈÁÌ· ÙÔ˘ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË.ø∆√§∞£√3. √ ·‰Ú·ÓÂÈ·Îfi˜ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ Û˘Ó‰¤ÂÙ·È apple·Ú¿ÏÏËÏ· Ì ÙËÓ ·ÓÙÏ›· η˘Û›ÌÔ˘.ø∆√§∞£√4. ∏ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· appleÏËÚÔÊÔÚ›ٷÈ, Û appleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË Û‡ÁÎÚÔ˘Û˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜, ·applefi ÙÔÓ ·‰Ú·ÓÂÈ·Îfi‰È·ÎfiappleÙË Ì¤Ûˆ Ù˘ 42 Âapple·Ê‹˜.ø∆√§∞£√5. ∞Ó Û ¤Ó· ·ÎÈÓËÙÔappleÔÈË̤ÓÔ fi¯ËÌ· apple·ÙËı› ÙÔ ÌappleÔ˘ÙfiÓ ÙÔ˘ ·‰Ú·ÓÂÈ·ÎÔ‡ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ÙfiÙÂ Ô ÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú·˜ ‰ÂÓÙ›ıÂÙ·È Û ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·.ø∆√§∞£√6. ÂÚÈÁÚ¿„ÂÙ ·Ó·Ï˘ÙÈο appleÒ˜ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙÂÙ·È ·applefi ÙËÓ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋ ÌÔÓ¿‰· Ë ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›· Ù˘ ·ÓÙÏ›·˜ ‚ÂÓ˙›-Ó˘, Û appleÂÚ›appleÙˆÛË Û‡ÁÎÚÔ˘Û˘ ÙÔ˘ Ô¯‹Ì·ÙÔ˜.


KEºA§AIO 10π¡∞∫∂ ∂¡¢∂π∫¡À√ª∂¡ø¡ ∆πªø¡∆√À ∫∞∆∞∫∂À∞∆∏


KEºA§AIO 10: INAKE POTEINOMENøN TIMøN 161∫∂º∞§∞π√ 3À∆∏ª∞ ∫∞Àπª√À∞∫∏∏ 1π∂∏ À¡£∏∫∂ ∆πª∏˘ÛÙ‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ Èڛ˜ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛË 3,0 ± 0,2 barƒ˘ıÌÈÛÙ‹ ªÂ ˘appleÔapple›ÂÛË 2,5 ± 0,2 bar∞∫∏∏ 2ƒÔ‹ η˘Û›ÌÔ˘0,66 lit/ 30 sec∞∫∏∏ 3ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘∂∞º∂∞¡∆π∆∞∏1 & 2 13,5 15,5 øŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜∂∞º∂∆∞∏1 & °Â›ˆÛË ∆¿ÛË Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ apple·ÏÌÔ‡∂∞º∂ £∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ ∫π¡∏∆∏ƒ∞ ∞§ª√2 & °Â›ˆÛË 90ÆC 3 ms/750 ± 50 rpm∞∫∏∏ 4∂∞º∂C1 & C2∆∞∏∆¿ÛË Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜


162 ¢I¢AKTIKH TH §EITOYP°IA TøN KINHTHPøN NEA TEXNO§O°IA MEø TH ¢IA°NøH B§ABøN∫∂º∞§∞π√ 4À∆∏ª∞ ∂π∞°ø°∏ ∞∂ƒ∞∞∫∏∏ 1ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜∂∞º∂∆∞∏1 & 3 5 VŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜∂∞º∂ À¡£∏∫∂ ∞¡∆π∆∞∏1 & 3 – 4460-4500 ø1 & 2 ∏ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· ÎÏÂÈÛÙ‹ 5440 ø1 & 2 ∏ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· Ù¤ÚÌ· ·ÓÔÈÎÙ‹ 2200 ø2 & 3 ∏ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· ÎÏÂÈÛÙ‹ 2160 ø2 & 3 ∏ appleÂÙ·ÏÔ‡‰· Ù¤ÚÌ· ·ÓÔÈÎÙ‹ 5340 ø∞∫∏∏ 2ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜∂∞º∂∞ & C∆∞∏5 VŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜∂∞º∂ ª∂∆ƒ∏∆∏ ∂∞º∂ Break out box À¡£∏∫∂ ∆∞∏∞ & µ 16-44 ¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ √¡ 4,7 V∞ & µ 16-44 ƒÂÏ·ÓÙ› 1,9 V∞ & µ 16-44 Ï‹Ú˜ ÊÔÚÙ›Ô 4,4 V∞∫∏∏ 3ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘£∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞0ÆC20ÆC40ÆC∞¡∆π∆∞∏7470-11970 ø3060-4045 ø1315-1600 ø


KEºA§AIO 10: INAKE POTEINOMENøN TIMøN 163∞∫∏∏ 4ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘∂∞º∂∞¡∆π∆∞∏∂∞º∂∞¡∆π∆∞∏A & DB & C47-57 ø47-57 ø35 & 9 47-57 ø40 & 36 47-57 ø∫∂º∞§∞π√ 5À∆∏ª∞ ∞¡∞º§∂•∏ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜√§§∞§∞π∞∆∏ ∂∞º∂ ∆∞∏1Ô˜ 2 & Á›ˆÛË ∆¿ÛË Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜1Ô˜ 2 & Á›ˆÛË ∆¿ÛË Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ appleÚˆÙ‡ÔÓÙÔ˜ ΢ÎÏÒÌ·ÙÔ˜√§§∞§∞π∞∆∏ ∂∞º∂ ∞¡∆π∆∞∏1Ô˜ 1 & 2 0,5 ø1Ô˜ 1 & 2 0,5 øŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ‰Â˘ÙÂÚ‡ÔÓÙÔ˜ ΢ÎÏÒÌ·ÙÔ˜√§§∞§∞π∞∆∏1Ô˜1Ô˜∞¡∆π∆∞∏10000 ø10000 ø


164 ¢I¢AKTIKH TH §EITOYP°IA TøN KINHTHPøN NEA TEXNO§O°IA MEø TH ¢IA°NøH B§ABøN∫∂º∞§∞π√ 6∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∂ ∫π¡∏∆∏ƒ∞∞∫∏∏ 1ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·∂∞º∂ £∂ƒª√∫ƒ∞π∞ ∞¡∆π∆∞∏µ1 & µ2 0ÆC (∂¿Ó Â›Ó·È ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÓ) 6700-8000 øµ1 & µ2 20ÆC 2600-3000 øµ1 & µ2 40ÆC 1100-1300 øµ1 & µ2 80ÆC 270-300 øµ1 & µ2 90ÆC 200-215 ø∞∫∏∏ 2ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·∞¡Tπ∆∞∏220 ø∞∫∏∏ 3ÚÔÙÂÈÓfiÌÂÓË ÚÔapple‹25 Nm


KEºA§AIO 10: INAKE POTEINOMENøN TIMøN 165∫∂º∞§∞π√ 7À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À ∂∫√ªø¡ ƒÀø¡∞∫∏∏ 1ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Û‹Ì·ÙÔ˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú· ÛÙÔÓ ÂÁΤʷÏÔ∂∞º∂ ∂°∫/§√À ∆∞∏ ƒ∂§∞¡∆π AY•HH TPOºøNmV ¯ÚfiÓÔ˜ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·Á‹˜ ¯ÚfiÓÔ˜ ÂÓ·ÏÏ·Á‹˜secsec17-2 0,1-0,9 VŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ˆÌÈ΋˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘∂∞º∂ ºπ∞ ∞π£∏∆.∞ – °Â›ˆÛË∞¡∆π∆∞∏ (ø)3-15 øŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜∂∞º∂ ºπ∞ ∞π£∏∆.∞ – °Â›ˆÛË∆∞∏ (V)∆¿ÛË Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜∞∫∏∏ 2ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ˆÌÈ΋˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ·ÁÓËÙÈ΋˜ ‚·Ï‚›‰·˜∂∞º∂ ∏§∂∫∆ƒ√µ∞§µ.∞ – B∞¡∆π∆∞∏ (ø)30-40 øŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔ‚·Ï‚›‰·˜∂∞º∂ ºπ∞∞ – °Â›ˆÛË∆∞∏ (V)∆¿ÛË Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜


166 ¢I¢AKTIKH TH §EITOYP°IA TøN KINHTHPøN NEA TEXNO§O°IA MEø TH ¢IA°NøH B§ABøN∫∂º∞§∞π√ 8À∆∏ª∞ ∂§∂°Ã√À∞∫∏∏ 1ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜∂∞º∂ §∂π∆√Àƒ°π∞ ∞¡∆π∆∞∏30 – 87 ƒÂϤ ·appleÔÛ˘Ó‰Â̤ÓÔ ∞30 – 87 ƒÂϤ Û˘Ó‰Â̤ÓÔ Ì Ìapple·Ù·Ú›· 0ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ˆÌÈ΋˜ ·ÓÙ›ÛÙ·Û˘ ÙÔ˘ appleËÓ›Ô˘∂∞º∂øªπ∫∏ ∞¡∆π∆∞∏85 – 86 80 øŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜∂∞º∂ §∂π∆√Àƒ°π∞ ∆∞∏L3 – °Â›ˆÛË ∫ÏÂÈÛÙfi˜ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ∆¿ÛË Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜L1 – °Â›ˆÛË ∞ÓÔÈÎÙfi˜ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ∆¿ÛË Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜∞∫∏∏ 2ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜∂∞º∂ break out box §∂π∆√Àƒ°π∞ ∆∞∏32 – °Â›ˆÛË ¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜ ∆¿ÛË Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜24 – °Â›ˆÛË ¢È·ÎfiappleÙ˘ ÎÏÂÈÛÙfi˜ ∆¿ÛË Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÁÂÈÒÛÂˆÓ Ù˘ ËÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈ΋˜ ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜∂∞º∂ ËÏÂÎÙÚ. ÌÔÓ¿‰·˜∞¡∆π∆∞∏2 – °Â›ˆÛË 03 – °Â›ˆÛË 018 – °Â›ˆÛË 0


KEºA§AIO 10: INAKE POTEINOMENøN TIMøN 167∫∂º∞§∞π√ 9∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∂ √Ã∏ª∞∆√∞∫∏∏ 1ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜∂∞º∂ ºπ∞ ∂apple·Ê¤˜ ËÏÂÎÙÚ. §∂π∆√Àƒ°π∞ ∆∞∏∞π£∏∆∏ƒ∞ªÔÓ¿‰·˜1 – 2 …… …… ∆ÈÌfiÓÈ Û ›ÛÈ· ı¤ÛË 5 V1 – 2 …… …… ∆ÈÌfiÓÈ Û ÌË ›ÛÈ· ı¤ÛË 0∞∫∏∏ 2ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Ù˘ Ù¿Û˘ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÛ›·˜∂∞º∂∞ – µ2∆∞∏∆¿ÛË Ìapple·Ù·Ú›·˜ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ Á›ˆÛ˘ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·∂∞º∂∞¡∆π∆∞∏µ2 – °Â›ˆÛË 0ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜ ÙÔ˘ ·ÈÛıËÙ‹Ú·∂∞º∂ (Break out box)∆∞∏12 – °Â›ˆÛË 0-12 V∞∫∏∏ 3ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁ›·˜∂∞º∂ ºπ∞ §∂π∆√Àƒ°π∞ ∞¡∆π∆∞∏1 – 3 ·ÙË̤ÓÔ ÌappleÔ˘ÙfiÓ ÙÔ˘ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË ∞1 – 3 ªË apple·ÙË̤ÓÔ ÌappleÔ˘ÙfiÓ ÙÔ˘ ‰È·ÎfiappleÙË 0


µπµ§π√°ƒ∞ºπ∞1. Bohner M. Î.¿., T¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›· A˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘, 3Ë EÏÏËÓÈ΋ ŒÎ‰ÔÛË, E˘Úˆapple·˚Τ˜ T¯ÓÔÏÔÁÈΤ˜ EΉfiÛÂȘ –EΉÔÙÈÎfi˜ ŸÌÈÏÔ˜ IøN2. Bohner M. Î.¿., HÏÂÎÙÚÈο Î·È HÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈο ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·Ù· A˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘, 2Ë EÏÏËÓÈ΋ ŒÎ‰ÔÛË,E˘Úˆapple·˚Τ˜ T¯ÓÔÏÔÁÈΤ˜ EΉfiÛÂȘ – EΉÔÙÈÎfi˜ ŸÌÈÏÔ˜ IøN3. Bohner M. Î.¿., ‡Á¯ÚÔÓË T¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›· Î·È ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·Ù· A˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘, E˘Úˆapple·˚Τ˜ T¯ÓÔÏÔÁÈΤ˜ EΉfiÛÂȘ– EΉÔÙÈÎfi˜ ŸÌÈÏÔ˜ IøN4. D. Knowles, ¢È¿ÁÓˆÛË µÏ·‚ÒÓ ŸÚÁ·Ó· ∂ϤÁ¯Ô˘ – ƒ˘ıÌ›ÛÂȘ, BÈ‚Ï›Ô £ÂˆÚ›·˜, EΉfiÛÂȘ πø¡5. D. Knowles, ¢È¿ÁÓˆÛË µÏ·‚ÒÓ ŸÚÁ·Ó· ∂ϤÁ¯Ô˘ – ƒ˘ıÌ›ÛÂȘ, BÈ‚Ï›Ô ˘ÓÂÚÁ›Ԣ, EΉfiÛÂȘ πø¡6. °. ∫·appleÂÙ·Ó¿Î˘, . ∫·Ú·Ìapple›Ï·˜, µ. ∫Ô˘ÙÛÔ‡ÎÔ˜, ∂ÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈÔ ∏ÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ˯·ÓÈÎÒÓ Î·È ∏ÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈÎÒÓ˘ÛÙËÌ¿ÙˆÓ ∞˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘, À.∂..£7. Bohner M. Î.¿., M˯·Ó¤˜ EÛˆÙÂÚÈ΋˜ K·‡Û˘, 3Ë EÏÏËÓÈ΋ ŒÎ‰ÔÛË, E˘Úˆapple·˚Τ˜ T¯ÓÔÏÔÁÈΤ˜ EΉfiÛÂȘ– EΉÔÙÈÎfi˜ ŸÌÈÏÔ˜ IøN8. Bohner M. Î.¿., ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·Ù· A˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙˆÓ, 3Ë EÏÏËÓÈ΋ ŒÎ‰ÔÛË, E˘Úˆapple·˚Τ˜ T¯ÓÔÏÔÁÈΤ˜ EΉfiÛÂȘ –EΉÔÙÈÎfi˜ ŸÌÈÏÔ˜ IøN9. ª. πˆ·ÓÓ›‰Ô˘, £. ª¿Ú˘, ¢. ªapple·ÚÁÈÒÙ·˜, ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·Ù· ∂ϤÁ¯Ô˘ & ∞˘ÙÔÌ·ÙÈÛÌÒÓ ∞˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘,À.∂..£, ∞ı‹Ó· 200010. Al Santini, ∏ÏÂÎÙÚÈο Î·È ∏ÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈο ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·Ù· ∞˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙˆÓ, EΉfiÛÂȘ πø¡, 200011. Hellembeak, HÏÂÎÙÚÈο Î·È HÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈο ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·Ù· A˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘, BÈ‚Ï›Ô £ÂˆÚ›·˜, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN12. Hellembeak, HÏÂÎÙÚÈο Î·È HÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈο ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·Ù· A˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘, BÈ‚Ï›Ô ˘ÓÂÚÁ›Ԣ, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN13. Ã. πˆ¿ÓÓÔ˘, . ª·ÓÈ¿˜, . ª·Ú·Ìapple¤·˜, ∏ÏÂÎÙÚÔÌ˯·ÓÈο & ∏ÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈο ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·Ù· ∞˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘,À.∂..£14. Gilles, EÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈÔ M˯·ÓÈ΋˜ A˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙˆÓ I, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN15. Gilles, EÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈÔ M˯·ÓÈ΋˜ A˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙˆÓ II, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN16. Gilles, EÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈÔ M˯·ÓÈ΋˜ A˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙˆÓ III, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN17. Gilles, EÚÁ·ÛÙ‹ÚÈÔ HÏÂÎÙÚÈÎÒÓ Î·È HÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈÎÒÓ ˘ÛÙËÌ¿ÙˆÓ A˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN18. Webster, B·ÛÈÎfi˜ ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ (Service) A˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘, BÈ‚Ï›Ô £ÂˆÚ›·˜, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN19. Webster, B·ÛÈÎfi˜ ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ (Service) A˘ÙÔÎÈÓ‹ÙÔ˘, BÈ‚Ï›Ô ˘ÓÂÚÁ›Ԣ, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN20 Knowles, YappleÔÏÔÁÈÛÙÈο ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·Ù· (Computers) ÛÙ· A˘ÙÔΛÓËÙ·, BÈ‚Ï›Ô £ÂˆÚ›·˜, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN21 Knowles, YappleÔÏÔÁÈÛÙÈο ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·Ù· (Computers) ÛÙ· A˘ÙÔΛÓËÙ·, BÈ‚Ï›Ô ˘ÓÂÚÁ›Ԣ, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN22 Knowles, T¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›· EϤÁ¯ˆÓ Î·È ¢È·ÁÓÒÛˆÓ, BÈ‚Ï›Ô £ÂˆÚ›·˜, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN23 Knowles, T¯ÓÔÏÔÁ›· EϤÁ¯ˆÓ Î·È ¢È·ÁÓÒÛˆÓ, BÈ‚Ï›Ô ˘ÓÂÚÁ›Ԣ, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN24 Knowles, ºÚ¤Ó· ºÔÚÙËÁÒÓ Î·È B·Ú¤ˆÓ O¯ËÌ¿ÙˆÓ, BÈ‚Ï›Ô £ÂˆÚ›·˜, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN25 Knowles, ºÚ¤Ó· ºÔÚÙËÁÒÓ Î·È B·Ú¤ˆÓ O¯ËÌ¿ÙˆÓ, BÈ‚Ï›Ô ˘ÓÂÚÁ›Ԣ, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN26. Bennet, ÂÙÚÂÏ·ÈÔÎÈÓËÙ‹Ú˜ ºÔÚÙËÁÒÓ Î·È B·Ú¤ˆÓ O¯ËÌ¿ÙˆÓ, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN27. Bennet, Y‰ÚÔÌ˯·ÓÈο ˘ÛÙ‹Ì·Ù· ºÔÚÙËÁÒÓ Î·È B·Ú¤ˆÓ O¯ËÌ¿ÙˆÓ, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN28. Bennet, HÏÂÎÙÚÔÓÈÎfi˜ ŒÏÂÁ¯Ô˜ ˘ÛÙËÌ¿ÙˆÓ ºÔÚÙËÁÒÓ Î·È B·Ú¤ˆÓ O¯ËÌ¿ÙˆÓ, EΉfiÛÂȘ IøN27. CD Auto Data 200528. CD workshop 200329. ÂÚÈÔ‰ÈÎfi «˘ÓÂÚÁ›Ի30. ÂÚÈÔ‰ÈÎfi «Service»31. Siemens Fenix 532. ∆¯ÓÈο ∂Á¯ÂÈÚ›‰È· Renault


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174 ¢I¢AKTIKH TH §EITOYP°IA TøN KINHTHPøN NEA TEXNO§O°IA MEø TH ¢IA°NøH B§ABøN


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