As there are many sectors and the gathering

of all information in one place would more than

likely result in the writing of a book rather than

a set of publications, we decided to start with IT

specialisations. IT is the apple in the eyes of both

local governments as well as investors that

continue to search for locations for new IT centres.

Let’s have a look at what IT has to do with select

Polish cities.

The presence of the telecommunications sector in

Bydgoszcz has been clearly visible for a very long

time. This sector was and still is one of the leading

sectors that drives the city on Brda river to develop

education and entrepreneurship thanks to which,

in the world of telecommunications, Bydgoszcz is

a very recognisable location. A second sector that

is naturally related to telecommunications is IT,

and it is IT that has recently strengthened the

capabilities of Bydgoszcz. However, that’s not

all, as the chemical and plastics industries are

also present.

Lublin was associated with the Lublin upland

which was characterised by food production, but

in recent years, this region underwent a significant

transformation into the Lublin IT Upland. It is the

IT sector in Lublin that caught the wind in its sails

and is rapidly developing. The city even became

the European seat of the Lviv IT Cluster, thanks

to which, new Ukrainian companies that provide

IT, ITO, and ICT services appear in Poland each


From Lublin, we travel to Opole where one in ten

students of the Opole University of Technology

is studying IT. IT education here is sufficiently

developed, that German language IT courses are

also offered, and this, taking into account the

increasing interest of German investors in Poland,

is a very significant advantage of Opole.

Poznań has, for many years, been a valued

a large IT centre in Poland. It is here, that large

data centres and the headquarters of international

IT companies are located. Poznań is continuously

increasing the pool of human resources with

IT experience which undoubtedly affects the

development of new investments. This year,

the city was once again granted an Outsourcing

Stars statuette, awarded to locations that foster

and support the development of such sectors as

BPO and IT the most.

Poznań, is not the only location in the Greater

Poland voivodeship in which the IT sector is

expanding. 100 km north in Piła, both education

and the IT sector itself are also moving forward

and strengthening the IT image of Greater Poland.

Going further in the analysis of information

coming from different cities in Poland, we can

boldly conclude that IT is also strongly marking

its presence in Elbląg, Olsztyn, Częstochowa,

Radom, Łódź, and Rzeszów. This development

is based on the stronger and increasingly visible

presence of ICT investors, as well as the evolution

of teaching programmes at not just the university,

but also the high school level, including in

vocational schools.

Regardless of how much we would like to praise

the development of the IT sector in Poland,

it also has a darker side, namely the continuous

lack of human resources. In light of many

analyses and estimates, Poland already lacks

approximately 30,000 specialists in various

areas of IT, mainly programming, but not only.

This situation means that there is significant

competition between companies in regard to the

candidate market. IT employees and specialists

increasingly often decide on employment on the

basis of IT contracting, which provides them with

higher incomes, and companies wishing to hire

IT experts on a full time basis are fighting for

employees not so much as with high incomes, but

also with a wide range of cafeteria programmes

and other bonuses and non-payroll incentives.

We are currently in an IT employee’s market, and

it will remain that way for the next few years.

Some advice that could be provided to cities

would be the development of IT fields of study at

universities and high schools, also in combination

with cooperation programmes between

businesses and schools. Such an arrangement

would keep workers in cities and will have a direct

and noticeable effect on the development of local


The IT world is no longer just the domain of large

cities. The sector is increasingly growing in

medium and smaller cities and, as demonstrated

by certain investments, the size of a city is not

what determines whether IT investments in

a given location are possible or not. █


Wiktor Doktór

Pro Progressio, CEO

Best2Invest | March - April 2016


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