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PEOPLE AND CORRUPTION MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA SURVEY 2016

2016_GCB_MENA_EN

Transparency

Transparency International is a global movement with one vision: a world in which government, business, civil society and the daily lives of people are free of corruption. With more than 100 chapters worldwide and an international secretariat in Berlin, we are leading the fight against corruption to turn this vision into reality. www.transparency.org Author: Coralie Pring, Research Coordinator, Global Surveys, Transparency International Secretariat ISBN: 978-3-96076-019-1 Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC BY-ND 4.0 © Transparency International 2016. Some rights reserved. Printed on 100% recycled paper. © Cover photo: Flickr.com/TheOnlyMoxey Every effort has been made to verify the accuracy of the information contained in this report. All information was believed to be correct as of April 2016. Nevertheless, Transparency International cannot accept responsibility for the consequences of its use for other purposes or in other contexts.

TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................................................................. 4 KEY FINDINGS ........................................................................................................................................ 5 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................................................................. 4 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE REGION ............................................................................................ 6 KEY FINDINGS ........................................................................................................................................ 5 THE RECOMMENDATIONS STATE OF CORRUPTION: FOR THE THE REGION PUBLIC’S ............................................................................................ VIEW 67 RISING OR FALLING? HOW THE LEVEL OF CORRUPTION IS SEEN AS CHANGING OVER TIME . 7 THE STATE OF CORRUPTION: THE PUBLIC’S VIEW ............................................................................. POLITICIANS, PUBLIC OFFICIALS OR BUSINESS EXECUTIVES: WHO ARE SEEN AS MOST RISING OR FALLING? HOW THE LEVEL OF CORRUPTION IS SEEN AS CHANGING OVER TIME . 7 CORRUPT? ............................................................................................................................................ 10 POLITICIANS, PUBLIC OFFICIALS OR BUSINESS EXECUTIVES: WHO ARE SEEN AS MOST DOING WELL OR DOING BADLY? HOW PEOPLE RATE THEIR GOVERNMENT’S ANTI- CORRUPT? ............................................................................................................................................ 10 CORRUPTION EFFORTS ...................................................................................................................... 12 DOING WELL OR DOING BADLY? HOW PEOPLE RATE THEIR GOVERNMENT’S ANTI- BRIBERY: CORRUPTION WHAT EFFORTS SERVICES ...................................................................................................................... DO PEOPLE PAY BRIBES FOR? 12 14 HOW MANY PEOPLE PAY BRIBES? .................................................................................................... 14 BRIBERY: WHAT SERVICES DO PEOPLE PAY BRIBES FOR? ........................................................... 14 WHICH SERVICES ARE AFFECTED BY BRIBERY? ........................................................................... 16 HOW MANY PEOPLE PAY BRIBES? .................................................................................................... 14 WHO HAS TO PAY BRIBES? ................................................................................................................ 19 WHICH SERVICES ARE AFFECTED BY BRIBERY? ........................................................................... 16 PEOPLE’S WHO HAS ACTIONS: TO PAY BRIBES? HOW CAN ................................................................................................................ THEY HELP STOP CORRUPTION? 19 22 CAN PEOPLE MAKE A DIFFERENCE? ................................................................................................ 22 PEOPLE’S ACTIONS: HOW CAN THEY HELP STOP CORRUPTION? ................................................. 22 HOW PEOPLE CAN STOP CORRUPTION ........................................................................................... 23 CAN PEOPLE MAKE A DIFFERENCE? ................................................................................................ 22 WHY DON’T MORE PEOPLE REPORT CORRUPTION? ..................................................................... 24 HOW PEOPLE CAN STOP CORRUPTION ........................................................................................... 23 CONCLUSIONS: WHY DON’T MORE HOW PEOPLE COUNTRIES REPORT MEASURE CORRUPTION? ............................................................................... 24 26 CONCLUSIONS: METHODOLOGY HOW ....................................................................................................................................... COUNTRIES MEASURE UP 26 28 CITIZENS’ CORRUPTION SCORECARD RATINGS ............................................................................ 29 METHODOLOGY ....................................................................................................................................... 28 DATA CITIZENS’ TABLES CORRUPTION .......................................................................................................................................... SCORECARD RATINGS 29 30 DATA ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS TABLES .......................................................................................................................................... 30 34 END ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS NOTES .............................................................................................................................................. 34 35 END NOTES .............................................................................................................................................. 35