Views
1 year ago

qronika179

294 69 77;

294 69 77; qronikaqronika@gmail.com eqskluziuri interviu didi albaTobaa imisa, rom 2017 Tamar rostiaSvili weli kidev ufro daZabuli da 577 10 07 06 peripetiuli iyos; kidev ufro didi vnebaTaRelvebi da kidev ufro xmauriani sasamarTlo procesebi gvelis. „qronika+”-is kiTxvebs eqsk- luziurad pasuxobs uzenaesi sasamarTlos Tavmjdomare _ nino gvenetaZe: _ qalbatono nino, maSin, ro- desac saubari imaze, rom bevri mosamarTle ar unda ikavebdes aRniSnul Tanamdebobas, apar- atSi piriqiT, maTi ricxvis zrda aris SesamCnevi. Tu Sei- Zleba, mosamarTleTa raodeno- ba da maTi ricxovnobis zrdac rom gviTxraT wina welTan Se- darebiT... _ 2016 wels mosamarTleTa ricxvis gazrdam saerTo sasamarTloebis sistemaSi aparatis TanamSromelTa ricxvis mateba ganapiroba. radgan cifrebi gainteresebT, getyviT, rom, magaliTad, 2015 welTan SedarebiT, roca saerTo sasamarTloebis mosamarTleTa ricxvi 230 iyo, 2016 wels 267-mde gaizarda, maT Soris, sistemaSi warmodgenilia 51% qali da 49% mamakaci mosamarTle. amavdroulad, yvelaze gadatvirTul Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlo- Si, 79 mosamarTlis nacvlad, dRes 94 mosamarTle axorcielebs marTlmsajulebas. _ 2017 wels rogor iqneba? _ 2017 wels, saerTo sasamar- Tloebis sistemaSi, mosamarTleTa raodenoba kidev gaizrdeba da mosamarTleebisTvis gamoyofili 319 Stati Seivseba. amaze iusticiis umaRlesma sabWom ukve mosamarTleobis kandidat- Ta konkursi gamoacxada. _ qalbatono nino, mosamarTleTa konferencias dav- eswari da gulwrfelad gety- viT, iq iseTi asakovani mosama- rTleebi, romlebic, albaT, SvilTaSvilebs unda zrdidnen, arc ise cotani iyvnen. _ amaze ase gipasuxebT: mosamarTleTa individualuri damoukideblobis TvalsazrisiT mniSvnelovania veneciis komisiis rekomendaciis praqtikaSi danergva _ mosamarTleTa uvado, sapensio asakis miRwevamde daniSvnis Taobaze. saerTo sasamarTloebis Sesaxeb kanonSi Setanili cvlilebebiT, iusticiis umaRlesma sabWom, 2016 wels pirvelad, saerTo sasamarTloebis Sesaxeb organuli kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli Sefasebis mixedviT, gamosacdeli vadiT daniSnuli 12 mosamarTle Tanamdebobaze uvadod gaamwesa. _ anu sicocxlis bolomde, ukacravad? _ sapensio asakamde. es mosamarTleebi Tbilisisa da quTaisis saapelacio sasamarTlos, quTaisis, Tbilisis, goris, cageris, siRnaRis saqalaqo da raionul sasamarTloebSi gamwesdnen. _ rogorc vici, veneciis ko- misiis daskvnaSi kritikulad aris Sefasebuli mosamarTle- Ta gamosacdeli vadiT daniSv- na. arada, es samosamarTleo gamocdilebis mqone kandidatebze saaprobacio vadis dawese- bas ewinaaRmdegeba. _ aRniSnul sakiTxze garkveuli cvlilebebi marTlmsajulebis reformis mesame talRis kanonSi dafiqsirda da SeRavaTi Seexo mxolod sakonstitucio da uzenaesi sasamarTlos yofil mosamarTleebs, romlebic qvemdgomi instanciis sasamarTloSi gamosacdeli vadis gareSe gamwesdebian. amasTan, komisia miiCnevs, rom uzenaesi sasamarTlos mosamarTleebi aseve uvadod unda iniSnebodnen. sxvaTa Soris, gaiTvaliswineT, rom, veneciis komisiis msgavsad, ekonomikuri TanamSromlobisa da ganviTarebis organizaciis (OECD) saqarTvelos antikorufciuli Sefasebis mesame raundis rekomendaciac uzenaesi sasamarTlos mosamarTleTa uvado daniSvnaze amaxvilebs yuradRebas. _ sasamarTlo reformis e. w. mesame talRaze visaubroT, ro- mlis mixedviTac mosamarTleTa damoukideblobis uzrunvel- sayofad iusticiis saministr- os mier inicirebuli sakanonm- deblo paketi saqarTvelos parlamentma 2016 wlis 29 de- kembers mesame mosmeniT miiRo. _ maSasadame, am cvlilebebis gansaxorcieleblad iusticiis umaRles sabWoSi menejmentis departamenti Camoyalibdeba sasamarTloSi saqmeTa eleqtronuli ganawilebis sistemis efeqtianad marTvisTvis da danergvisTvis. 2017 wlis pirveli ivlisidan saqmeTa eleqtronuli ganawileba sapilote reJim- Si rusTavis saqalaqo sasamarT- `raionuli saqalaqo sasamarTloebis mier 2016 wels satelefono saubris farul miyuradebasa da Caweris Taobaze ganxilulia 397 Suamdgomloba, romelTagan dakmayofilda 340. es ki gaxlavT saerTo saqmeebis 85,6%. 2015 wels ganxiluli iyo 373 Suamdgomloba, romelTagan 306 dakmayofilda, anu 82%. aqve saerTo statistikasac getyviT: pirveli instanciis sasamarTloebSi Semosuli samoqalaqo saqmeebis raodenoba 2015 welTan SedarebiT gaizarda 34%-iT da Seadgina 69624 saqme, rac ukanaskneli wlebis ganmavlobaSi yvelaze maRali maCvenebelia. ganxiluli saqmeebis raodenoba 2015 welTan SedarebiT gaizarda 26%-iT~ loSi amoqmeddeba, xolo 2017 wlis 31 dekembridan srulad dainergeba saerTo sasamarTloebis sistemaSi. _ anu saqmeebis eleqtronul reJimSi gadayvanas gulisx- mobT? aqamde ar iyo? _ manamde, iusticiis ministrma, uzenaes sasamarTlosTan da iusticiis umaRles sabWosTan erTad, 2016 wlis 28 ivniss, samuSao jgufi Camoayaliba da Seswavla daviwyeT sistemis rogorc teqnikuri gamarTulobis, aseve samarTlebrivi regulirebis SemuSavebis mizniT. samuSao jgufis farglebSi iusticiis umaRlesi sabWos aparatma eleqtronuli ganawilebis wesi daamuSava. iusticiis umaRlesi sabWo, iseve rogorc saerTo sasamarTloebis departamenti, periodulad ecnoba mezobeli qveynebis gamocdilebas saqmeTa eleqtronuli ganawilebis wesis Taobaze. _ magaliTad, romeli qvey- nebis? _ magaliTad, vTanamSromlobT latviis saerTo sasamarTloebis administraciasTan. latvielma kolegebma saqmeTa ganawilebis sistema gagvacnes, romelic latviaSi 2009 wlidan funqcionirebs. damatebiT, rus- Tavis saqalaqo sasamarTloSi sapilote programis SemuSavebisTvis germaniis saerTaSoriso TanamSromlobis fondis (IRZ) mxardaWeriT, 27-28 ianvars, saqarTvelos ewveva germaneli kolega, batoni vaishaupti. batoni vaishaupti ukve imyofeboda saqmeTa ganawilebis eleqtronuli programis SemuSavebis sakiTxebze 2015 wels saqarTveloSi da kargad icnobs sasamarTlo sistemas. _ qalbatono nino, mTliani sistemis eleqtronul versia- Si gadayvana da cifruli mod- ificireba Tanxebs moiTxovs da sakmaod dids. saidan elodeb- iT dafinansebas? saqarTvelos biujeti ukve gawerilia? _ serverebisa da qseluri infrastruqturis Sesacvlelad Tanxebis mobilizeba moxerxda saerTo sasamarTloebis departamentis biujetidan. 2015 wels saqarTvelos prezidentma sarezervo fondidan 580 000 lari gamouyo sasamarTlos serveris ganTavsebisTvis da saqalaqo sasamarTlos teritoriaze Senoba-nagebobis mosawyobad. germaniis saerTaSoriso TanamSromlobis sazogadoebam saservero infrastruqturis SesaZenad 100 000 evros grantis finansuri mxardaWera uzrunvelyo. 2016 wlis dekemberSi saerTo sasamarTloebis departamentis mier Catarebuli tenderis safuZvelze axali qseluri infrastruqturis Sesyidva ganxorcielda, xolo amJamad serveris SesaZenad satendero winadadeba saerTo sasamarTloebis departamentma gamoacxada. _ reformis mesame talRis farglebSi ra sakanonmdeblo winadadebebi iqna wardgenili. rogorc gavige, axali samsaxuri, e. w. damoukidebeli inspeq- toris samsaxuri iqmneba. _ disciplinuri samarTalwarmoebis miukerZoebeli da srulyofili gamokvlevisa da winaswari Semowmebis Catarebis mizniT saqarTvelos iusticiis umaRles sabWoSi damoukidebeli inspeqtoris samsaxuris formireba moxdeba, romelsac damoukidebeli inspeqtori uxelmZRvanelebs. _ Tu SeiZleba, dagvikonkre- teT, ras gaakeTebs? _ damoukidebeli inspeqtori procesis monawile mxareTa pretenziebsa da saCivrebs Seiswavlis da Tavisi daskvniT wardgeba iusticiis umaRlesi sabWos winaSe, xolo gadawyvetilebas mosamarTlis mimarT disciplinuri devnis dawyebis Taobaze iusticiis umaRlesi sabWo miiRebs. _ gasagebia, anu damoukidebeli inspeqtori Tavad mosa- marTleebs gaakontrolebs? 4 N2 (179) 24.01-30.01.2017 w.

294 69 77; qronikaqronika@gmail.com nino gvenetaZesTan _ reformis mesame talRis farglebSi siaxlea sakasacio sasamarTloSi saCivris dasaSvebobis safuZvlebis gafarToebaze. im SemTxvevaSi, Tu sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba adamianis uflebaTa evropuli sasamarTlos precedentuli gadawyvetilebidan gansxvavebul ganmartebas SemogvTavazebs, uzenaesi sasamarTlo uars ver ityvis saCivris dasaSvebobaze. _ es ukve kargia! Tu ganxor- cielda, ra Tqma unda, vinaidan manamde sistematurad xdeboda amis ugulebelyofa. _ Tqven weRan mosamarTleebze mkiTxeT: veneciis komisiis rekomendaciebis Sesabamisad mosamarTleTa SerCevis procedurebi daixvewa. kanonis mixedviT mniSvnelovan siaxles warmoadgens mosamarTleTa kandidatis ufleba, gaasaCivros iusticiis umaRlesi sabWos gadawyvetileba _ uari mosamarTled gamwesebis Taobaze. _ sad saCivrdeba? _ uzenaesi sasamarTlos sakvalifikacio palataSi. sasamarTlos arsebiT sxdomaze mi- Rebuli gadawyvetilebebi gamoqveyndeba vebgverdze kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili wesiT. _ qalbatono nino, mosaxle- obas mosamarTleTa SesarCevi konkursis Riad da gamWvirval- ed Catarebas SehpirdiT. ras gulisxmobT? _ es gulisxmobs sabWos vebgverdze mosamarTleobis kandidatTa biografiuli monacemebis winaswar ganTavsebas. dainteresebul donor da arasamTavrobo organizaciebs SesaZlebloba hqondaT, Tvali edevnebinaT procesisTvis da sruli informacia mieRoT wlis ganmavlobaSi Catarebuli 2 konkursis Taobaze. saerTo sasamarTloebis sistemaSi 104 mosamarTle gamwesda, maT Soris, 20 iusticiis umaRlesi skolis yofili msmeneli. axalgamwesebul mosamarTleebs Soris 46 yofili mosamarTlea. arc imas davmalav, rom 2016 wlis monacemebiT 13 saqmeze mosamarTles axsna-ganmarteba CamoerTva, 3 saqmeze mosamarTleebs miemarTaT kerZo sarekomendacio baraTiT da 1 saqmeze mosamarTles disciplinuri saxdelis saxed ganesazRvra gafrTxileba. _ farul Canawerebsa da ukanono mosmenebze minda gkiT- xoT, romlis winaaRmdegac „qronika+” Tavidanve ibrZoda. ra gaakeTa sasamarTlom amasT- an dakavSirebiT? _ raionuli saqalaqo sasamarTloebis mier 2016 wels satelefono saubris farul miyuradebasa da Caweris Taobaze ganxilulia 397 Suamdgomloba, romelTagan dakmayofilda 340. es ki gaxlavT saerTo saqmeebis 85,6%. 2015 wels ganxiluli iyo 373 Suamdgomloba, romelTagan 306 dakmayofilda, anu 82%. aqve saerTo statistikasac getyviT: pirveli instanciis sasamarTloebSi Semosuli samoqalaqo saqmeebis raodenoba 2015 welTan SedarebiT gaizarda 34%-iT da Seadgina 69624 saqme, rac ukanaskneli wlebis ganmavlobaSi yvelaze maRali maCvenebelia. ganxiluli saqmeebis raodenoba 2015 welTan SedarebiT gaizarda 26%-iT. _ arada, miuxedavad ganxi- luli saqmeebis raodenobis zrdisa, bolos ganuxilvelad darCenili saqmeebis xvedriTi wili, 2015 wlis 29%-dan gai- zarda 2016 wlis 37%-mde. _ geTanxmebiT, amitom iusticiis umaRlesma sabWom mar- Tlmsajulebis xarisxis gasaumjobeseblad mniSvnelovani gadawyvetilebebi miiRo samoqalaqo kategoriis davebis swrafad da efeqtianad ganxilvis mizniT. kerZod, yvelaze metad datvir- Tul Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTloSi, mikrosafinanso organizaciebis, sabanko dawesebulebebisa da arasabanko sadepozito dawesebulebis mier dadebuli sesxis xelSekrulebidan nawarmoebi davebi calke qvekategoriebad gamoiyo valdebulebiTi samarTlis kategoriis davebSi. Sesabamisad, ganisazRvra mosamarTleTa optimaluri raodenoba, romelTac am kategoriis davebis ganxilva daevalaT, rac samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegiaSi arsebuli davebis N2 (179) 24.01-30.01.2017 w. 56%-s warmoadgens. mikrosafinanso organizaciebis, sabanko dawesebulebebisa da arasabanko sadepozito dawesebulebis ganmxilveli mosamarTleebis viwro specializacia uzrunvelyofs samoqalaqo saqmeTa kanoniT dadgenil vadaSi ganxilvas da, zogadad, xels Seuwyobs gaWianurebuli samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoebis problemis Semcirebas. pirveli instanciis sasamarTloebSi Semosuli sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebis raodenoba, gasul welTan SedarebiT, Semcirda 6%-iT, xolo ganxiluli saqmeebis raodenoba gaizarda 7%-iT. ganxiluli saqmeebis raodenobis zrdasTan erTad, periodis bolos ganuxilvelad dar- Cenili saqmeebis xvedriTi wili 2015 wlis 22%-dan Semcirda 2016 wlis 17%-mde. Semosuli da ganxiluli sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebis zrda da, Sesabamisad, ganuxilvelad darCenili saqmeebis xvedriTi wilis klebis tendencia aRiniSneba saapelacio da sakasacio instanciebSic. _ „sisxlSi” rogor aris saqme? _ SedarebiT magaliTs mogiyvaT: Tu 2011 wels sul Sefardebul aRkveTis RonisZiebebSi patimrobis xvedriTi wili 49%-s Seadgenda, xolo arasapatimro RonisZiebebis _ 51%-s, 2016 wels patimrobis xvedriTi wili 29%-mde Semcirda, xolo arasapatimro RonisZiebebis _ 71%- mde dafiqsirda (2015 wels, Sesabamisad, 30% da 70%). sagamo- Ziebo organoebis mier patimro- bis moTxovniT Semotanili Suamdgomlobebis dakmayofilebis procentuli maCvenebeli Semcirebulia 2011 welTan SedarebiT, rac 94%-s Seadgenda, xolo 2015-2016 wlebSi yvelaze dabal niSnuls miaRwia da 61% Seadgina. Tu 2011 wels sasamarTlom ar daakmayofila patimrobis Sefardebaze Semosuli prokuraturis Suamdgomlobebis 0,1%, 2015 da 2016 wlebSi ar dakmayofilda 35%, rac, aseve, bolo wlebis yvelaze maRali maCvenebelia. aseve, mimdinare wels `Tavis droze, me amaze xmamaRla ganvacxade da axlac gavimeoreb: am sakiTxebSi Carevis kompetencia ar gamaCnia. amdenad, gamoZiebis sruli prerogativaa, gaarkvios yvelaferi da Tu is saWirod miiCnevs, amcnos sazogadoebas amis Sesaxeb. sasamarTlo procesi iyo Ria da gamWvirvale. bunebrivia, es gaxldaT sazogadoebis mxridan maqsimalurad maRali interesis sferoSi da arsebobda garkveuli arasasurveli precedentebi. es aris procesis monawileTa mxridan, xSirad, zedmeti aqtiuroba, Tumca maT Tavisi uflebamosileba aqvT, rac procesis normalur funqcionirebas uSlida xels~ sasamarTlom 75%-is SemTxveva- Si Seamcira giraos Tanxis nawili, maSin roca 2012 wels es ricxvi mxolod 15%-s Seadgenda. 2016 wels ZiriTadi sasjelis saxiT Sefardebuli jarimis xvedriTma wilma Seadgina 23%, nacvlad 2015 wlis 20%-sa, xolo sazogadoebisTvis sasargeblo Sromis xvedriTma wilma _ 9,3%, nacvlad 2015 wlis 5%-sa. da, aseve, ar SemiZlia ar vTqva Tavisuflebis aRkveTis Semcirebis vadebze: Tu 2011 wels 8 wlis zemoT Tavisuflebis aRkveTa Seefarda msjavrdadebulTa 12%-s, anu 886 pirs, 2016 wels Seefarda mxolod 7%-s, anu 269 msjavrdadebul pirs. _ sazogadoebas yvelaze metad gamamarTlebeli ganaCene- bi ainteresebs. am mxriv rogor aris saqme? _ 2016 wels pirveli instanciis sasamarTloebis mier gamamarTlebeli ganaCeni gamotanilia 227 piris mimarT, rac 3- jer aRemateba 2011 wlis maCve- nebels (56 piri) da 2,2%-iT metia 2015 wlis maCvenebelze. 2016 wels uzenaes sasamarTloSi gamamarTlebeli ganaCeni 5 piris mimarT dadga. miuxedavad gamovlenil samarTaldarRvevaTa raodenobis zrdisa, 2011 wlidan moyolebuli, yovelwliurad mcirdeboda im pirTa xvedriTi wili, visac administraciuli samarTaldarRvevis saqmeebze dakisrebuli hqonda pasuxismgebloba. 2016 wels dafiqsirda yvelaze dabali maCvenebeli _ 60%, nacvlad 2015 wlis 72%-sa. dakisrebul saxdelebSi administraciuli patimrobis gamoyeneba Semcirda 16 procentuli punqtiT. da kidev, aucileblad unda aRiniSnos is garemoeba, rom Semcirebulia saxelmwifos sasargeblod gadawyvetili saqmeebis xvedriTi wili: Tu 2011 wels saerTo sasamarTloebis mier davebis 66% wydeboda administraciuli organos sasargeblod, 2016 wels aRniSnulma maCvenebelma mxolod 40% Seadgina, xolo 2015 wels _ 43%. _ arasrulwlovnebze ras gvetyviT? _ msjavrdadebulTa saerTo raodenobaSi arasrulwlovanTa xvedriTi wili 2011 wlis 4%-dan Semcirda 2016 wlis 0,9%-mde (2015 wels _ 2%). Seicvala sasamarTloebis mier msjavrdadebuli arasrulwlovnebis mimarT gamoyenebuli sasjelebi: Tu Tavisuflebis aRkveTa 2015 wels 87 arasrulwlovnis mimarT iyo gamoyenebuli, 2016 wels _ mxolod 43 bavSvis mimarT gamoiyena sasamarTlom Tavisuflebis aRkveTa, gansakuTrebiT mZime kategoriis danaSaulis SemTxveva- Si. sasamarTloSi gansakuTrebuli yuradReba eqceva, aseve, arasrulwlovanTa ganridebis sakiTxsac: 2016 wels ganridebis gamosayeneblad 14-dan 21 wlamde asakis 105 arasrulwlovnis saqme dabrunda prokuraturaSi (maT Soris, 32 bavSvi 14-17 wlis iyo). _ qalbatono nino, „rusTavi 2"-Tan dakavSirebul procese- bze ras ityviT? _ Tavis droze, me amaze xmama- Rla ganvacxade da axlac gavimeoreb: am sakiTxebSi Carevis kompetencia ar gamaCnia. amdenad, gamoZiebis sruli prerogativaa, gaarkvios yvelaferi da Tu is saWirod miiCnevs, amcnos sazogadoebas amis Sesaxeb. sasamarTlo procesi iyo Ria da gamWvirvale. bunebrivia, es gaxldaT sazogadoebis mxridan maqsimalurad ma- Rali interesis sferoSi da arsebobda garkveuli arasasurveli precedentebi. es aris procesis monawileTa mxridan, xSirad, zedmeti aqtiuroba, Tumca maT Tavisi uflebamosileba aqvT, rac procesis normalur funqcionirebas uSlida xels 5