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qronika+3(180)

nino tabaRua 294 69 77;

nino tabaRua 294 69 77; qronikaqronika@gmail.com wlis dasawyisSi daanonsebuli aqcizis gadasaxadis zrda dRes ukve mxolod anonsad aRar darCa. igi aqtiurad aisaxa avtomobilebze, sawvavze, Tambaqoze, alkoholur sasmelebze _ samomxmareblo bazarze. ara TeTrebiT, aramed ramdenime lariT gaizarda fasebi produqtebze, romlis yoveldRiurad gamoyenebas sazogadoeba aqtiuradaa miCveuli. gansakuTrebiT rTuli situaciaa sawvavisa da Tambaqos SemTxvevaSi: 1 tona benzinze aqcizis Rirebulebam 250-dan 500 laramde moimata. dizelze _ 150-dan 400 laramde, gazze _ 80-dan 200-mde. gaZvirda mowevac: Tambaqos momxmareblebisTvis igi konkretuli brendis mixedviT meryeobs da 60 TeTridan 1 laramde izrdeba. mTavrobis ekonomikuri gundis gaTvlebiT gadasaxadebis zrda avtomobilebze moTxovnas 25%-iT Seamcirebs, biujeti ki Tambaqos aqcizis zrdas- Tan erTad damatebiT 45 milion lars miiRebs _ es moklevadian periodSi, magram rogor aisaxeba biujetze Semcirebuli momxmareblebis raodenoba, Sesabamisad Semcirebuli Semosavlebi kompaniidan, es ukve kiTxvis niSnebs badebs da, ra Tqma unda, momavlisTvis biujetze dadebiTad asaxvis perspeqtivas ar iZleva. sazogadoeba calsaxad uCivis samomxmareblo kalaTaze gazrdil fasebs, amis fonze ki imedis sxivi, cxadia, karga xans ar gamoCndeba, radgan wlis dasawyisSi gazrdili aqcizis gadasaxadis Semcirebis tendencia ukve mmarTveli gundisadmi undoblobis gamocxadebas niSnavs da amas Tavad, ra Tqma unda, ar gaakeTeben. aqeT navTobproduqtebis importiorTa kavSiris Tavmjdomare vano mTvralaSvilis TqmiT, momatebuli aqcizis gadasaxadis tarifis sacalo qselSi asaxva, saSualod, 20-25 Te- Tris farglebSi unda moxdes. xolo is, Tu romeli operatori kompania rodis, an ra doziT moumatebs fasebs _ uSualod kompaniebis gadasawyvetia. mTvralaSvils arc imis Tqma Seu- Zlia dazustebiT, rom aqcizis gadasaxadidan gamomdinare fasis mateba amiT damTavrdeba, Sesabamisad, meti unda gadavixadoT msoflioSi mimdinare procesebis gaumjobesebisa da misi Cvens samomxmareblo kalaTaze asaxvis imediT. „qronika+” aRniSnul sakiTx- Tan dakavSirebiT eqspertebis mosazrebiT dainteresda. gTavazobT rogorc iuristis, as- eve ekonomikuri eqspertebis mosazrebasa da prognozebs: 26 akaki CargeiSvili _ biznses- samarTlis specialisti: _ situacia Semdegia: 2017 wlidan meti ocneba xalxs! Sesabamisad, aqcizis gadasaxadi gaizarda, TiTqmis, yvelaferze _ es Seexeba sawvavs, saavtomobilo transports, marjvenasaWian avtomobilebs, romlebic qveyanaSi Semodis, Tambaqos, alkoholur sasmels. garda amisa, fizikur pirebs, romlebic qonebis gadasaxads ixdian (is pirebi, romelTa qoneba da Semosavali 40 000 laris zemoTaa, avseben deklaracias da yoveli wlis 15 noembramde, uZravi qonebis Rirebulebidan gamomdinare, ixdian 1%-mde gadasaxads, anu gaaCnia, ra qoneba gaqvs da, Sesabamisad, gaaCnia, ramdeni gaqvs Semosavali _ amis mixedviTac emateba gadasaxadi). adreuli sistemiT isini arsebuli uZravi qonebis Rirebulebidan gamomdinare ixdidnen, am SemTxvevaSi ki, garda uZravi qonebisa, avtomobilis sakuTrebaSi yofnis gadasaxadi daemataT. _ rac Seexeba saSemosavlo 20%-ian gadasaxads, misi gazr- da Tu igegmeba? _ diax, es gadasaxadi aris 20% da ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis Sesaxeb saqarTvelos oficialuri kanonis mixedviT, am tipis gadasaxadis gazrda saWiroebs saerTo-sayovelTao referendums, aqedan gamomdinare, Tu dRevadel konstituciaSi am sakiTxze raime arsebiTi cvlileba Seva, mxolod am SemTxvevaSi SeiZleba. aq aqcizi gamonaklisia, romelic ukve gamoiyenes. mas ar sWirdeba referendumi da arc Catarebula. axali gadasaxadis SemoRebas, an zrdas ki referendumi sWirdeba. amitom Tuki konstituciuri Canaweri Seicvleba da ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis Sesaxeb specialur kanonSi raime cvlileba Seva, maSin parlaments realuri SesaZlebloba eqneba, rom axali gadasaxadi SemoiRos, an arsebuli gazardos. _ am konkretuli SemTxve- visken xom ar midis gza? _ samwuxarod, sakostitucio komisis muSaobas Zalian aqtiurad ver vadevneb Tvals, magram paata SeSeliZe gadasaxadebi gaizarda, ra elis biujets da rigiTi moqalaqis jibes? rasac vadevneb, iqidan vici, rom, jerjerobiT, saubaria adamianis uflebebis nawilze da mas jer ar gascdenia am komisiis msjeloba, muSaoba (es meore Tavia). rac Seexeba gadasaxadebs, es ukve Semdgom, konstituciis me-6, me-7 TavebSia mocemuli, amitom jer ganxilulic ar yofila, rom vicodeT. Tu raime ganxilvebi daiwyeba, gadasaxadebis SemcirebasTan dakavSirebiT CemTvisac Zalian saintereso iqneba. daviT aslaniSvili _ ekono- mikis doqtori: _ rogor aisaxeba gazrdili gadasaxadebi qveynis biujetze? _ aqcizi Tu pirdapiri Semosavali, moklevadian efeqtSi biujetSi Seva, Tumca Tu es tendencia grZelvadian periodSi gagrZelda da mosaxleobaze wnexma imata, maSin ukve, ra Tqma unda, es biujetze negatiurad imoqmedebs, momxmareblebi Semcirdeba, magram Cven ar viciT, ra moxdeba aq _ Tu navTobzea saubari, navTobis fasi zemoT wava Tu qvemoT? _ ar viciT. valutis kursi aiwevs Tu daiwevs? _ ar viciT. axla amerikasa da OPEC-s Soris navTobze didi omi midis. rac trampma gamoacxada, mas Semdeg, SeiZleba, navTobis fasi mkveTrad davardes. ase rom moxdes, aqcizis efeqti iseTi damangreveli da negatiuri ar iqneba grZelvadian perspeqtivaSic ki, rogorsac vvaraudobT, magram aq axla mxolod empiriul faqtebs vikvlevT, Cven `rogor SeiZleba, galarebis programa iyos daZalebis, SezRudvebisa da subsidirebis xarjze? - absurdulia, warmoudgenelia, Zalian ar unda gesmodes am sferosi, rom es daijero, an unda ityuebode. an ar gesmiT, an korufcia gaqvT, sxva variantebi ar aris! viwro wre raRac sargebels naxulobs, es bankebisTvisaa gakeTebuli. cvlilebebis paketia, romelic, Cemi azriT, korufciaa da sxva araferi. kursi gaumjobeda? - ara!~ ar viciT, movlenebis ganvi- Tareba rogori SeiZleba iyos. Tu navTobis fasi da dolaric gaizarda, maSin saSineleba iqneba! ra Tqma unda, Tu yvelafers zrda mohyva, grZelvadian periodSi es moxmarebis mkveTr Semcirebas gamoiwvevs da, saboloo jamSi, biujetSi Semodinebis zrdasac ki. ramdenime es, erTmaneTisgan damoukidebeli faqtori, rogor imoqmedebs grZelvadian periodSi faswarmoqmnaze, CvenTvis ucnobia da trendis danaxva sakmaod rTuli da bundovania. Cven ar viciT, ra politikas mihyveba aSS? gazrdis Tu vera navTobis warmoebas Tavis teritoriaze? rogor imoqmedebs es mTlianad navTobis fasze msoflioSi? ra mouva aSS dolars? ra mouva lars calke? da amaT Tu davajamebT, raRac suraTs miviRebdiT. swored esaa dRevandeli da momavali situacia. _ rogori iqneba Tqveni prognozi? _ kursis prognozi, pirdapir da uSualod, larizaciis programazea damokidebuli. axla azri ar aqvs amaze saubars, 17 marts morCeba es programa da gveqneba Tu ara misi Sedegi, xalxma gaalara Tu ara?.. refinansirebis sesxma imata, aman damatebiTi faqtori Semoitana, es programa fizikur pirebzea damokidebuli, adamianebze. bankebi, ra Tqma unda, dainteresebulebi arian, radgan nebismier sesxs exeba, ro- 26 N3 (180) 31.01-6.02.2017 w.

294 69 77; qronikaqronika@gmail.com melic Camowerilia, an saeWvod miiCneoda. es yvelaferi imas niSnavs, rom bankebi valdebulebi arian, gacemuli sesxis sanacvlod moagrovon da am sesxebis rezervi Seavson, anu Tu 100 000 lari gasca, kidev meore amdeni unda gasces. e. i. ormagad gaucia es Tanxa, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi e.b.-sTan problemebi eqneba licenziis kuTxiT. bankebisTvis axali larizacia niSnavs, rom axali sesxia da is dakarguli rezervebi SeiZleba gaaTavisuflos. umjobesdeba bankebis saxelfaso mdgomareoba. undaT, maTma klienturam larSi sesxebi daakonvertos, amitom is banki, romelsac es Zalian sWirdeba, Seecdeba, konkurentuli pirobebi SesTavazos klienturas refinansirebis sesxTan dakavSirebiT da me vici, rom bazarze 8- 9%-Sic kia refinansirebis procenti, miuxedavad imisa, rom realuri 11%-ia. bazarze qveviT sTavazoben konkretuli struqturebi procentebs, radgan maT es awyobT da gasagebic aris. bunebrivia, biznesia da moxmarebasac awyobs. davelodoT 17-20 martis movlenebs, 400 milion dolarzea saubari da es, TiTqmis, erTi miliardi laria. sakmaod didi Tanxaa. _ gagrZeldeba gadasaxadis msgavsi zrdis tempi Tu Sem- cirdeba? _ xom ar gaauqmeben xval am gadasaxads? maSin es undoblobis gamocxadebas niSnavs mTavrobisTvis. Tu am ndobis sakiTxi dgeba, es ukve sxva ambavia. samTavrobo, ekonomikuri politikis mimarT msgavsi ukmayofileba, xalxis mxridan, undoblobas niSnavs. amas ukve samTavrobo cvlilebebi mohyveba. amitom ara mgonia, Semcirebisken wavides. paata SeSeliZe _ axali eko- nomikuri skolis direqtori, ekonomisti: _ sabiujeto Semosavlebze rogor SeiZleba aisaxos gazrdili gadasaxadebi da gaZvire- buli produqcia? _ mosaxleoba isedac gaWirvebul mdgomareobaSia da rodesac mas Zalian gauWirda, yvelanair ekonomias cdilobs. axali damatebiTi tvirTi, rogoric benzinze, manqanebsa da Tambaqoze aqcizis gadasaxadis matebaa, seriozuli dartyma iyo. bevri, Cemi CaTvliT, ekonomiurad cdilobs moZraobas. rasac axla vuyureb, moxmareba mkveTrad Semcirda. logikurad rom vimsjeloT, naklebi Tanxa Seva biujetSi, iseve rogorc TviTon kompaniebSi Seva naklebi _ Sesabamisad, orives daakldeba. kompaniebma ara mxolod sabiujeto, aramed sxva gadasaxadebic xom unda gadaixadon, iqac ver gadaixdian. igivea sigaretebze, bevri ambobs, rom Tavs daanebebs, an sxva, iafian Tambaqoze gadava. mesmis, rom advili ar aris, magram xalxi gamosavals eZebs. _ raime sxva gadasaxadis gazrdaze xom ar flobT in- formacias? _ sxvas verafers gazrdian, radgan, sabednierod, ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis Sesaxeb aqti gvaqvs, kidev kargi. winswrebad gavTvaleT maSin, rom, adre Tu gvian, aseTi problema dadgeboda da es axla dagvWirda (zemoT xsenebuli referendumis principi), amis gareSe ver gazrdian sxva gadasaxadebs, Zalian gauWirdebaT gatana, eg rom ar zRudavdes, karga xania, raime Seicvleboda. es ki gzaa, rom Tavi davicvaT im mocemulobisgan, rac gvaqvs da Sei- Zleba gvelodes. _ samomavlo prognozi ra iqneba, SeiZleba, fasebi Seicva- los, an dastabilurdes? _ marto gadasaxadebze saubari arasakmarisi iqneba, radgan araerTxel miTqvams, is xalxi, vinc dRes gadawyvetilebebs iRebs, inteleqtualurad ar aris mzad, realurad Secvalos raime, konkretulad, ekonomikisadmi damokidebuleba. sinamdvileSi ekonomikas marTva ki ar sWirdeba, marTvaze uaris Tqma, anu ganTavisufleba sWirdeba, amaT es interesi da xedva ar gaaCniaT. TviTon faqti, rom wamowyebuli programebi, rac satrabaxo iyo, araferi muSaobs da ukan daxeva uwevs, imas niSnavs, rom isini cdebodnen. jandacvis programas xedavT? rasac akeTebdnen, iman ar imuSava. ase- Ti raRacebis cvlilebisTvis inteleqtualuri cvlilebaa saWiro, magram es fizikur cvlilebasTanaa dakavSirebuli. aseTi damokidebulebiT bevri araferi Seicvleba. magaliTisTvis, rogor Sei- Zleba, erTma kacma aawyos sistema, iZaxos, yvelaferi kargadaao da mere aRmoaCinos, rom, Turme, qurdobaa, momsaxureba ar varga, saavadmyofoebi mzad ar arian pacientebis mosamsaxureblad, xarisxi gafuWda, yvelas ver afinanseben, valebi aqvT, es yvelaferi axla dainaxa? yvela xvdeboda magis garda. e. i. man sxva saqme unda ake- Tos. Zireuli cvlilebebis gareSe N3 (180) 31.01-6.02.2017 w. `situacia Semdegia: 2017 wlidan meti ocneba xalxs! Sesabamisad, aqcizis gadasaxadi gaizarda, TiTqmis, yvelaferze - es Seexeba sawvavs, saavtomobilo transports, marjvenasaWian avtomobilebs, romlebic qveyanaSi Semodis, Tambaqos, alkoholur sasmels. garda amisa, fizikur pirebs, romlebic qonebis gadasaxads ixdian (is pirebi, romelTa qoneba da Semosavali 40 000 laris zemoTaa, avseben deklaracias da yoveli wlis 15 noembramde, uZravi qonebis Rirebulebidan gamomdinare, ixdian 1%-mde gadasaxads, anu gaaCnia, ra qoneba gaqvs da, Sesabamisad, gaaCnia, ramdeni gaqvs Semosavali - amis mixedviTac emateba gadasaxadi). adreuli sistemiT isini arsebuli uZravi qonebis Rirebulebidan gamomdinare ixdidnen, am SemTxvevaSi ki, garda uZravi qonebisa, avtomobilis sakuTrebaSi yofnis gadasaxadi daemataT~ me Sedegs ver vxedav, raRac principze orientirebulebi unda iyvnen, rom win wavidnen. me aseT princips vTavazobdi: es aris ekonomikuri Tavisufleba ramdenime indeqsis mixedviT _ davisaxoT mizani, davnomroT da rac yvelaze metad saWiroa, gavakeToT is, ekonomikis Tavisuflebis, msoflio konkurentianobis, Doing Buisness-is indeqsi, 4-5 msgavsi indeqsi, romelic saerTaSorisoa da Tavis me- TodologiaSi weria, ra aris gasakeTebeli, waikiTxe da Tqvi. aq gvaqvs Sansi, movxvdeT _ imuSave am mimarTulebiT. cxadia, erT weliwadSi ver miiRweva, magram miznad xom unda daisaxo? magaliTad, „ekonomikuri akaki CargeiSvili Tavisuflebis” indeqsSi Cven varT me-5 adgilze da Zalian bevri rame gavakeTeT (Cvenma gundma, piradad), swored Cven vakeTebT mag indeqss saqarTveloSi, avuxseniT kidevac, ras niSnavda es, popularizacia gavuwieT da axla am mTavrobasac ki esmis konkretuli indeqsis mniSvneloba. es iqneboda yvelaze Rirseuli gamosvla am situaciidan, ra Tqma unda, politikuri partia umravlesobaSia, xelebs ver daibans da wava, amitom unda Tqvs: aseTi idea gvaqvs, kinkretuli gezi, orientiri aviRoT da amis Ssruleba profesionalebs gadavabaroT _ amas vTavazobdi. mesmis, rom Znelia, magram aucilebeli. rogor warmogidgeniaT, gu- Sin rom adamiani geubnebodaT, yvelaferi kargadaa, kursi dastabilurdeba, momavali optimisturiao da Sedegi am dros _ nuli. sazogadoebaSi mizani da ndoba unda arsebobdes. es adamianebi TeTrze Savs ambobdnen, mcdar mosazrebebs gvawodebdnen da axla amaTgan raRac cvlilebebi rom modis, ver warmovidgen, rom gaamarTlebs. _ galarebis programa mo- axdens Sedegs valutis kursze da, Sesabamisad, mosaxleobis jibeze? _ rame igrZeniT? sisulelea es programa da Sesabamisadac aisaxa. rogor SeiZleba, galarebis programa iyos daZalebis, SezRudvebisa da subsidirebis xarjze? _ absurdulia, warmoudgenelia, Zalian ar unda gesmodes am sferosi, rom es daijero, an unda ityuebode. an ar gesmiT, an korufcia gaqvT, sxva variantebi ar aris! viwro wre raRac sargebels naxulobs, es bankebisTvisaa gakeTebuli. cvlilebebis paketia, romelic, Cemi azriT, korufciaa da sxva araferi. kursi gaumjobeda? _ ara! gadasaxadebi gaizarda. momavali arc ise saxarbielo Cans, e. i. grZelvadian periodSi biujets sakmaod didi safrTxe emuqreba. Cvens jibeze ki es safrTxe ukve asaxulia. es dasawyisia. 27