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1 year ago

qron181

nino tabaRua wina nomris

nino tabaRua wina nomris gamosvlis dRes, zustad gasul samSabaTs, rodesac statia aqcizis gazrdil gadasaxads mivuZRveniT da sazoga- doeba davaimedeT, rom danarCeni msgavsi tipis gadasaxadebis gazrda konstituciis 94-e muxlis mixedviT sayovelTao-saxalxo referendumis gareSe ver moxerxdeboda, asparezze gamovidnen umravlesobaSi Semavali fraqcia „qarTuli ocneba _ social- demokratebi”, romlebmac saqarTvelos konstituciidan im mux- lis amoRebis iniciativiT saxelmwifo sakonstitucio komisias mimarTes, romlis mixedviTac axali saxis saerTo-saxelmwifoe- brivi gadasaxadis SemoReba, an arsebuli gadasaxadis ganakveTis zrda mTavrobis mier daniSnuli refendumiT aris SesaZlebeli. 294 69 77; qronikaqronika@gmail.com bas, gaizrdeba Tu ara gadasaxadebi. „investori, romelic dRes saqarTveloSi abandebs Tanxas, is uyurebs ara mxolod dRevandel sagadasaxado CarCos, aramed mas unda hqondes myari garantia imisa, rom is reformebi da is dabali gadasaxadebi, romelic dRes qveyanaSi arsebobs, momavalSi ar Seicvleba. aq gansakuTrebiT saubaria iseT investorebze, rom- 2011 wlis 1-li ianvridan. 4. saerTo-saxelmwifoebrivi gadasaxadis axali saxis SemoReba, garda aqcizisa, an saerTo-saxelmwifoebrivi gadasaxadis saxis mixedviT arsebuli ganakveTis zeda zRvris gazrda SesaZlebelia mxolod referendumis gziT, garda organuli kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli SemTxvevebisa. referendumis daniSvnis iniciirebis ufleba aqvs mxolod saqarTve- Tumca, rogorc zemoT aRvni- Sne, mimdinare wlis ianvris bolo dRes umravlesobaSi Semavali fraqcia „qarTuli ocneba _ social-demokratebi” saqarTvelos konstituciidan xsenebuli muxlis amoRebis iniciativiT gamodis. ris safuZvelze unda amoiRon es muxli konstituciidan da ra gaxda xsenebuli inicirebis mi- gia JorJoliani: `gadarCenis politika gviWiravs da ase iqneba, Tu saxelmwifom pasuxismgebloba ar aiRo!~ maTive azriT, Sesabamisi cvlilebebi „ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis Sesaxeb” kanonSic unda ganxorcieldes. ra Tqma unda araerTgvarovani iyo sazogadoebis reaqcia aRniSnul sakiTxTan mimarTebiT, radgan aqcizis gadasaxadis gazrdis Semdeg erTaderTi berketi, ri- Tac xalxs SeeZlo, Tavi daemSvidebina, rom maT daukiTxavad gadasaxadebs mTavroba ver gazrdida, TiTqmis gamoecala. Tumca iyvnen iseTebic, romlebmac „social-demokratebis” pozicia gaiziares da calsaxad aRniSnes, rom mTavrobis pasuxismgebloba TavisTavad gaizrdeboda aRniSnuli kanonis koreqtirebiTa da konstituciidan 94-e muxlis me-4 da me-5 punqtebis amoRebiT. SegaxsenebT: 2011 wels saqarTvelos parlamentma miiRo ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis Sesaxeb kanoni, romlis ZiriTadi principebis iniciatori saqarTvelos imJamindeli prezidenti, mixeil saakaSvili iyo. maSin daanonsda, rom ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis Sesaqmnelad aRniSnuli kanoni swored rom Sesabamisi da drouli iqneboda qarTuli realobisTvis. Tumca kanoni misi gamocxadebidan ori wlis Semdeg, anu 2013 wlis dekembris bolos Sedioda Zala- Si. dRes ukve es kanoni sam weliwads iTvlis da misi yvelaze mniSvnelovani principi aris is, rom axali saerTo-saxelmwifoebrivi gadasaxadebis SemoReba SesaZlebeli iqneba mxolod referendumis gziT, rac imas niSnavs, rom saerTo saxalxo gamokiTxvisa da moqalaqeebis sakanonmdeblo saqmianobaSi Carevis gareSe aRmasrulebeli organo ver miiRebs erTpirovnulad gadawyvetile- lebic Tanxebs abandeben ara erTi da ori wliT, aramed aTi da oci wliT. swored amitom momzadda ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis Sesaxeb kanoni, romelsac Zalian didi mniSvneloba aqvs biznesseqtoris ganviTarebis kuTxiT”, _ ambobda imdroindeli finansTa ministri, dimitri gvindaZe. 2013 wlis dekembris bolos ki konstituciaSi Sedis aRniSnuli muxli Tavisi punqtebiT, romlis mixedviTac: muxli 94 1. savaldebuloa gadasaxadebisa da mosakreblebis gadaxda kanoniT dadgenili odenobiTa da wesiT. 2. gadasaxadebisa da mosakreblebis struqturas, SemoRebis wess adgens mxolod kanoni. 3. gadasaxadebisgan ganTavisufleba dasaSvebia mxolod kanoniT (15.10.2010. #3710 amoqmeddes los mTavrobas (15.12.2010. #4033 amoqmeddes 2013 wlis oqtombris morigi saprezidento arCevnebis Sedegad arCeuli prezidentis mier ficis dadebis wuTidan). 5. saerTo-saxelmwifoebrivi gadasaxadis axali saxis SemoRebad, an zRvruli ganakveTis gazrdad ar CaiTvleba gadasaxadis SemoReba, an cvlileba, romelic arsebuli gadasaxadis alternativaa, an anacvlebs mas da amave dros ar zrdis sagadasaxado tvirTs. saerTo-saxelmwifoebrivi gadasaxadis axali saxis SemoRebad, an zRvruli ganakve- Tis gazrdad ar CaiTvleba, agre- Tve, gadasaxadis saxis mixedviT arsebuli zRvruli ganakveTis farglebSi gadasaxadis ganakve- Tis cvlileba (15.12.2010. #4033 amoqmeddes 2013 wlis oqtombris morigi saprezidento arCevnebis Sedegad arCeuli prezidentis mier ficis dadebis wuTidan). zezi, amasTan dakavSirebiT „qro- nika+”-ma fraqciis Tavmjdomare gia JorJolianTan isaubra: _ batono gia, ris safuZvelze mimarTeT Sesabamisi winadadebiT saxelmwifo sakonstitucio komisias? ra problemas xedavT Se- sabamis muxlSi? _ imis safuZvelze, rom dedamiwaze aseTi qveyana ar arsebobs, sadac parlaments ar aqvs ufleba, SeimuSaos politika da uzrunvelyos is Sesabamisi instrumentebiT. es evropis romelime qveynis parlamentis, an amerikis kongresis wevrebs rom uTxraT, getyvian, im parlamentSi me ra minda, romelic gadawyvetilebebs ver iRebso. yvela gadawyvetilebis ukan dgas safinanso instrumenti, anu yvela kanonsa Tu proeqts axlavs igi, romelic xarjebs aklebs, an umatebs da Tu parlaments am gadawyvetilebis miReba ar SeuZlia, is parlamenti 20 `dedamiwaze aseTi qveyana ar arsebobs, sadac parlaments ar aqvs ufleba, SeimuSaos politika da uzrunvelyos is Sesabamisi instrumentebiT. es evropis romelime qveynis parlamentis, an amerikis kongresis wevrebs rom uTxraT, getyvian, im parlamentSi me ra minda, romelic gadawyvetilebebs ver iRebso. yvela gadawyvetilebis ukan dgas safinanso instrumenti, anu yvela kanonsa Tu proeqts axlavs igi, romelic xarjebs aklebs, an umatebs da Tu parlaments am gadawyvetilebis miReba ar SeuZlia, is parlamenti ki ara, upasuxismgeblo warmomadgenlobiTi organoa, romelic pasuxs ar agebs imaze, rac xdeba. saqarTvelos garda msgavsi sxva qveyana ar aris. Tu gvinda, rom ganviTarebaze viyoT orientirebuli, maSin pasuxismgebliani saxelmwifoa saWiro, romelic qveyanas ganviTarebisken warmarTavs. axla gadarCenis politika gviWiravs da ase iqneba, Tu saxelmwifom pasuxismgebloba ar aiRo da radikaluri cvlilebebi ar daiwyo ekonomikis struqturuli transformaciis mimarTulebiT...~ 20 N4 (181) 7.02-13.02.2017 w.

`Zalian didi mniSvneloba aqvs stabilurobis TvalsazrisiT imas, rom icode, sad akeTeb bizness. SeiZleba, konkretuli biznesis SemTxvevaSi biznesi, romelsac ainteresebs, saqarTveloSi ekonomikuri aqtivoba ganaxorcielos, qveynis sainvesticio da ekonomikuri klimatis mokvlevas iwyebs - icis misi zomiereba, procentuli odenoba da aRmoCndeba, rom saqarTveloSi Camova, Turme, gadasaxadi gauzrdiaT, anu rac hqonda dagegmili, arsebiTad gauZvirda. TavisTavad cxadia, aq Semosvlaze ekonomikurad, stabilurad aq muSaobaze, aq saqmis keTebaze uars ityvis da iZulebuli gaxdeba, ufro iafi qveyana moZebnos, sadac iafi daujdeba biznesis keTeba, imitom, rom Zviris warmoeba kidev ufro aZvirebs produqcias, momsaxurebas da Zviri moxmarebis produqts ar hyavs bevri momxmarebeli, aqedan gamomdinare, cdilobs, bazarze maqsimalurad dabali fasiT da momsaxurebiT iyos warmodgenili. mniSvnelovania, rom muxlebi, romelic gaTvaliswinebulia saqarTvelos kanoniT Tavisuflebis aqtiT, SenarCundes da stabilurobis maRali gancda gvqondes~ ki ara, upasuxismgeblo warmomadgenlobiTi organoa, romelic pasuxs ar agebs imaze, rac xdeba. saqarTvelos garda msgavsi sxva qveyana ar aris. Tu gvinda, rom ganviTarebaze viyoT orientirebuli, maSin pasuxismgebliani saxelmwifoa saWiro, romelic qveyanas ganviTarebisken warmarTavs. axla gadarCenis politika gvi- Wiravs da ase iqneba, Tu saxelmwifom pasuxismgebloba ar aiRo da radikaluri cvlilebebi ar daiwyo ekonomikis struqturuli transformaciis mimarTulebiT... _ Tu am muxls konstituci- idan amoiReben, am SemTxvevaSi rogor moxdeba ekonomikuri zrda? _ ekonomikas ar Svelis 2%-iani zrda. saqmes Svelis is, rom unda daiwyos ekonomikis struqturis reforma, es niSnavs, rom unda gaCndes warmoeba, saimporto saqoneli, savaluto balansi unda SevcvaloT, qveyanaSi unda iwarmoebodes konkurentuli produqcia da mxolod am SemTxvevaSi mivaRwevT im tendencias, romelic sasurvelia da gvinda. 2,8 Tu 3%-iani ekonomikuri zrda am sakiTxs ar Svelis. _ es cvlileba iqneba gamosavali da ekonomikuri zrdis ga- ranti? _ ara, ra Tqma unda, es cvlileba ar aris panacea, es cvlileba saxelmwifos am SesaZleblobas miscems, magram SemdegSi saxelmwifom unda aiRos es sakuTar Tavze. swraf ganviTarebas rom vambobT, iseTi qveynebia, sadac mizanmimarTul politikas atareben. samxreT-aRmosavleT aziis qveynebSi, an meore msoflio omis Semdeg dangreul evropaSi ganvi- Tarebis mTavari warmmarTveli iyo saxelmwifo da ara is, rom vi- Rac biznesmenebi, ucxoelebi Semovlen da isini gaakeTeben. ra Tqma unda, es unda moizidos saxelmwifom, magram manve unda gansazRvros prioritetebi, Seimu- Saos, SearCios da xedva hqondes da am xedvis ganxorcielebis Sesa- Zlebloba unda hqondes. amisTvis saWiroa instrumentebi da aseTi instrumenti aris fiskaluri politika. _ Tqven rogor moiqceodiT, am muxls Tu amoiRebdiT, gada- saxadis gazrdaze ifiqrebdiT? _ am wuTSi gadasaxadebs ar gavzrdidi, magram Tanxebis im mimarTulebiT mobilizebas movaxdendi, rom Zalian efeqtiani nabijebi gatardes industriisa da warmoebis TvalsazrisiT. mobilizebas da xarjebis optimizebas, gamoTvlebisa da kvlevebis seqtors gavaZlierebdi, Cven aq ise- Ti mdgomareoba gvaqvs, romelic gamoricxavs seriozuli investiciebis mozidvas, romelic qveyanaSi teqnologiur ganviTarebas, an konkurentul produqts warmoSobs, adamianuri resursis kompetencia da teqnologiuri infrastruqtura CvenTan dabalia da es unda amaRldes. am mimarTulebiT saxelmwifom qmediTi nabijebi unda gadadgas, prioritetebi dasaxos, dagegmos da imis mixedviT arCeul prioritetebs dauWiros mxari. zogan, Sei- Zleba, Seamciros is gadasaxadebi da zogan _ gazardos. sagadasaxado sistemas rac Seexeba: Cven var evropuli wesrigis momxre. saxeli ki ar hqvia Cvens partias evropuli, Cven varT namdvilad evropuli wesrigis momxre, radgan migvaCnia, rom es qarTul kulturasTan mWidrodaa dakavSirebuli. evropaSi qveynebis udides umravlesobaSi progresuli gadasaxadebia, anu visac meti aqvs Semosavlebi, mets ixdis. es aris solidaroba, socialuri Senatanebi, specialuri gadasaxadebia, gansazRvrulia, ra midis ganaTlebaze, jandacvaze da am sistema- Si viRaca rom premiebs dainiSnavs, eg aris sisulele: Tu normalur sagadasaxado sistemas Seqmni, veravin dainiSnavs verc premiebs da verc danamatebs. axla vizaliberalizacia mogvces, wava es xalxi evropaSi da naxavs iq. hkiTxeT, ramdens ixdian, iq meti Sedis investicia Tu CvenTan? maRal gadasaxads ixdian, magram imitom, rom Semosavali maRalia. CvenTan progresul gadasaxadebs SeiZleba ar hqondes azri, radgan Zalian didia umuSevroba, didia TviTdasaqmebulebis ricxvi, romlebic, praqtikulad, ar ixdian saSemosavlos da Zalian cotaa maRalSemosavliani moqalaqe, daaxloebiT, 20 000-mdea maTi ricxvi, romelsac 40 000-ze cota meti aqvs Semosavali TveSi, aq progresuli gadasaxadebis SemoReba ekonomikur efeqts ar moitans, solidarobis efeqts moitans, magram es aris perpeqtiva da mTavaria, saxelmwifom aiRos es funqcia Tavis Tavze. upasuxismgeblo saxelmwifodan pasuxismgeblian saxelmwifomde _ es aris Cveni mizani. _ am mimarTulebiT muSaobas N4 (181) 7.02-13.02.2017 w. 294 69 77; qronikaqronika@gmail.com gaagrZelebT? _ Sexedulebas ar SevicvliT, SeiZleba, raRac kompromisul gadawyvetilebebamde mivideT, magram Cveni Sexeduleba da principebi myaria. eqspertebi calsaxad aRniSnaven, rom am muxlis arseboba umniSvnelovanesia da misi amoReba uaRresad uaryofiTi iqneba qveynisTvis, rogorc biznesis, ise rigiTi moqalaqisTvis. akaki CargeiSvili _ biznes-sa- marTlis specialisti: _ aq mniSvnelovania is, rom cvlilebebi, romelic, Tavis droze, konstituciaSi gakeTda da kanoni ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis Sesaxeb dRevandlamde iyo da imedia, darCeba. es seriozuli Rer- Zia Cveni ekonomikis ganviTarebisa, radgan nebismieri biznesi, romelic operirebas da saqmianobas iwyebs Cvens qveyanaSi, iqneba es adgilobrivi Tu ucxouri, mas stabiluri garantia aqvs imisa, rom Tavisi biznesis keTebis dros, vTqvaT, Sua wlis ganmavlobaSi ar Seucvlian gdasaxads da, Sesabamisad, is ar gakotrdeba gazrdili gadasaxadis gamo. Zalian didi mniSvneloba aqvs stabilurobis TvalsazrisiT imas, rom icode, sad akeTeb bizness. SeiZleba, konkretuli biznesis SemTxvevaSi biznesi, romelsac ainteresebs, saqarTveloSi ekonomikuri aqtivoba ganaxorcielos, qveynis sainvesticio da ekonomikuri klimatis mokvlevas iwyebs _ icis misi zomiereba, procentuli odenoba da aRmoCndeba, rom saqarTveloSi Camova, Turme, gadasaxadi gauzrdiaT, anu rac hqonda dagegmili, arsebiTad gauZvirda. TavisTavad cxadia, aq Semosvlaze ekonomikurad, stabilurad aq muSaobaze, aq saqmis keTebaze uars ityvis da iZulebuli gaxdeba, ufro iafi qveyana moZebnos, sadac iafi daujdeba biznesis k- eTeba, imitom, rom Zviris warmoeba kidev ufro aZvirebs produqcias, momsaxurebas da Zviri moxmarebis produqts ar hyavs bevri momxmarebeli, aqedan gamomdinare, cdilobs, bazarze maqsimalurad dabali fasiT da momsaxurebiT iyos warmodgenili. mniSvnelovania, rom muxlebi, romelic gaTvaliswinebulia saqar- Tvelos kanoniT Tavisuflebis aqtiT, SenarCundes da stabilurobis maRali gancda gvqondes. _ ra igulisxmeba ekonomikis swraf zrdaSi am muxlis amoReb- is Semdeg? `aSkaraa, rom mTavrobas ar hyofnis resursebi, valdebulebebi, aqedan gamomdinare, gadasaxadebze zemoqmedeben, axla fiqroben, albaT, rom aqcizisgan sakmarisi raodenobis Tanxa ar Sevida, ar hyofniT, rac Sevida. am cvlilebis ganxorcieleba Tu moxda, es arakeTilsindisierebis mwvervalia!~ paata SeSeliZe akaki CargeiSvili _ savaraudod, araswori damokidebuleba, radgan ekonomikaSi gadasaxadebis zrdas ar aqvs am SemTxvevaSi biznesis ganviTarebasTan pirdapiri proporcia, biznesisa da ekonomikuri zrdis erTniSnadan orniSna maCveneblamde miyvana ar iqneba SesaZlebeli. yvelaze didi mniSvneloba aqvs stabiluri garemos qonas. unda iyos biznesze xelmisawvdomoba. gazrdili gadasaxadi ar aris arc biznesi da arc misTvis saWiro garemo. rac ufro metad stabiluria kanonmdebloba, miT metad stabilurad viTardeba biznesi da rac metad arastabiluria, biznesi amas ver uZlebs. _ ra iyo am iniciativis mizezi? _ xelisuflebam an romelime konkretulma Cinovnikma ifiqres, rom biujets ver avsebdnen, amitom moindomes, vTqvaT, gaezardaT gadasaxadi. erTaderTi, rac Se- Zles, gazardes da aqcizi gaizarda. rogorc Cans, raRac kerZo interesma imZlavra, ufro kerZo iniciativa iyo, vidre saxelmwifoebrivi. paata SeSeliZe _ ekonomikis eqsperti: _ es muxli exeba Semdeg gadasaxadebs: mogebis gadasaxads, damatebiTi Rirebulebis gadasaxads, saSemosavlo gadasaxads, Sesabamisad, rogorc moqalaqeebs, ise bizneserTeulebsac, nebismier investors exeba. maincdamainc mogebis gadasaxads ar mivardebian, axlaxan Secvales, magram dRg-s gazrda SeuZliaT, radgan es erTerTi yvelaze mniSvnelovani gadasaxadia dRes. aSkaraa, rom mTavrobas ar hyofnis resursebi, valdebulebebi, aqedan gamomdinare, gadasaxadebze zemoqmedeben, axla fiqroben, albaT, rom aqcizisgan sakmarisi raodenobis Tanxa ar Sevida, ar hyofniT, rac Sevida. am cvlilebis ganxorcieleba Tu moxda, es arakeTilsindisierebis mwvervalia! marTalia, finansTa saminist- rosa da mTavrobis administra- ciis oficialuri gancxadebiT gadasaxadebTan dakavSirebiT ra- ime saxis cvlilebis inicireba ar igegmeba, magram yvelaferi mosalodnelia. „mTavroba ar uWers mxars am iniciativas, radgan fiqrobs, rom aman, garkveulwilad, SeiZleba, investorebze imoqmedos da daafrTxos isini, magram vfiqrob, rom dRes Tu ara xval eg unda moxdes da Cven amaze daviwyeT laparaki, sakonstitucio komisiaSic amas ganvixilavT, radgan Tu gvinda, rom qveyana qveyanas daemsgavsos da pasuxismgebliani parlamenti, mTavroba da pasuxismgebeli saxelmwifo gvqondes, maSin am gziT unda wavideT”, – aRniSna „qronika+”-Tan saubrisas JorJolianma. jerjerobiT, gazrdili aqcizis gadasaxadis fonze, biznesisa da moqalaqeebis berketi saqarTvelos konstituciis 94-e muxlia, romelic me-4 da me-5 punqtebiT myardeba. rac unda moxdes, rogori pasuxismgebliani an upasuxismgeblo parlamentisa da mTavrobisgan marTul qveyanaSic unda vcxovrobdeT, yvelaze mTavaria, rom vicodeT kanoni, romelic yovel moqalaqes mosalodneli Tu moulodneli gazrdili gadasaxadebisgan icavs. 21