In 1949, a small book had a big impact on education. In just over one hundred pages, Ralph W. Tyler presented the concept that curriculum should be dynamic, a program under constant evaluation and revision. Curriculum had always been thought of as a static, set program, and in an era preoccupied with student testing, he offered the innovative idea that teachers and administrators should spend as much time evaluating their plans as they do assessing their students. Since then, "Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction "has been a standard reference for anyone working with curriculum development. Although not a strict how-to guide, the book shows how educators can critically approach curriculum planning, studying progress and retooling when needed. Its four sections focus on setting objectives, selecting learning experiences, organizing instruction, and evaluating progress. Readers will come away with a firm understanding of how to formulate educational objectives and how to analyze and adjust their plans so that students meet the objectives. Tyler also explains that curriculum planning is a continuous, cyclical process, an instrument of education that needs to be fine-tuned.This emphasis on thoughtful evaluation has kept "Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction "a relevant, trusted companion for over sixty years. And with school districts across the nation working feverishly to align their curriculum with Common Core standards, Tyler s straightforward recommendations are sound and effective tools for educators working to create a curriculum that integrates national objectives with their students needs.
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In the modern world of backgammon, where bots rule and anyone can access the best move at the click of a button, it s refreshing and meaningful to learn how to make critical decisions correctly and quickly, by yourself. Master the principles in this book and you ll confidently be able to find the solution even in the most complex of positions.This book is a breath of fresh air, focusing on powerful principles that guide you through the complications of any position and quickly lead you to the correct move. Priority Thinking is the key to finding the solution and everything flows from that.This book tackles situations with a unique approach and provides a sound structure for quick and accurate problem-solving. Gone are the days of scanning every position until you stumble upon the answer; using the direct methods revealed here, you will consistently and quickly find the correct play.
This book is intended to aid students preparing for the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM) in Acupuncture with Point Locations module and, the California Acupuncture Licensing Examination. It is a concise review of Acupuncture and is intended to help the student recall material taught during the first and second years of Acupuncture school. It is not intended to substitute for comprehensive textbooks. The material is organized and divided into eight chapters. It will cover an Introduction to Acupuncture, the Twelve Primary Meridians and Their Acupoints, Eight Extra Meridians and Their Acupoints, Divergent Channels, Muscular-Sinew channels, Cutaneous Regions, Luo-connecting channels, Auricular and Scalp Acupuncture, Acupuncture Techniques, Acupuncture Treatment, Cautions of Acupoints, Regulations of States and NCCAOM, and Practice-related Issues. The knowledge points are summarized by words, concisely and clearly, with appropriate charts or pictures attached. Numerous practice questions reflecting the content and format of NCCAOM exam in Acupuncture with Point Location module are included after each chapter and six comprehensive examinations at the end of the book. These questions can be used as a pretest to identify areas of weakness or as a post test to determine mastery.