South Africa - The Rainbow Nation South Africa is the 25th largest country in the world by area. It runs along the coastlines of Indian and Atlantic Oceans. The country is ranked as the 24th most populous country with the population of almost 53 million people. Most of the individuals are black Africans. It is the land of many different races and religion. South Africa’s flag represents many different colors; Gold stands for country’s wealth; White for peace; Blue for the sky; Green for crops and plants; black color for native African people, and finally Red stands for those who lost their lives in freedom fighting. Official Language: Afrikaans, English Capital City: Pretoria Motto: Unity in Diversity A few facts: 1.South Africa has a very long history in fact it consists of the oldest human fossil sites in the world. 2. Many years ago, Dutch people moved to South Africa and they created a new language called ‘Afrikaans’. 3.Bartolomeu Dias was the first Portuguese traveler who led the expedition to explore South Africa in 1487. 4.Cape Town became a British Colony in 1806. 5.The diamond was discovered in 1867 and gold was found in 1884. The discovery of these elements led to the confrontation between indigenous people and the Europeans. 6.South Africa initiated a program of the development of nuclear weapons in 1970s. 7.Modern Humans have lived in South Africa some 170,000 years ago. 8.The South African currency is ‘Rand’. 14 Rand = 1 Euro 9. 80% of all South Africans are black Africans. 10.About 25% of the total population is unemployed and earning less than $1.25 a day. In the townships, 75 % are unemployed. 11.The country takes most of the gold from its mines. 12.The biggest hospital in the world is Chris Hani-Baragwanath Hospital and it is in Soweto, SA. 13.The largest deposits of Gold, Platinum, and Manganese are in South Africa. 14.The country has more than 5 million illegal immigrants out of which 3 million belongs to Zimbabwe. 15.About 80% of the people are Christians. 16.South Africa has 11 official languages out of which three most spoken languages are Zulu (22.7%), Afrikaans (13.5%), and Xhosa (16%). 17.Cricket, Rugby, and Soccer are the most popular sports in South Africa. 18.About 70% South Africans live in cities. 19.Many different animals feel home in South Africa such as impalas, wildebeests, white rhinos, hyenas, hippopotami, and giraffes. 20.Nelson Mandela was the first ever black president of the Republic of South Africa in 1991. 21.Johannesburg is the largest city of South Africa. 22.Nearly 50 murders take place each day in South Africa. 23.The year of 2009 was the worst year in which 18,148 people were killed. 24.The largest security industry in the world is South African’s Private Security Industry with over 400,000 security guards registered. 25.Vilakazi Street in the Orlando West, is the only street in the world to house two Noble Prize Winners; Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Nelson Mandela used to live here. 26.The fifth-best blue sky in the world is in Cape Town.