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Brief History of Karen By KNU

unDw>yX>qXw>pH.pdRwJpdRAw>rReD.rRCgtzk. =unDcd.e>’D;rd>cd.e>td.’D;w>tX.vDR= urRoud;w>ClCl wkRvXunD’D;rd>M>uD>wpkA w> qJ;usd;w>rRurRoud;w>’D; ‘k;pXRvdmo;AuolphwrHRCDAw>rh.rRqgunDrh>w>rRqgrd>< w>rh>rRqgrd>rh>w>rRqg unDI (2) uD>y,DRM>w>obsh ch.tJ,l. cdu&J;oX0Dw0D< 0h>yoH. (1948) = vg,lRetg&H.4oDy,DReh>w>obshvXtJuvH;tpkylR = vgzhR-bLRtg&H. 11oD< 1948 unDzdymzsgxD.tw>b.o;’D; w>ChxD.unDuD>< ySRxD.’k;eJ.o;wbsDtHR td.ySRvGH>uvD>bsJ. (w>ChxD.wz. = [h.unDuD>wbsDCD = ‘k;eJ.unDwb;y,DRwb;wbsDCD = ywo;vDuvkmw>obH.bk.b. = ywo;vDxHvD>uD>ylRw>’k;w>,Rb.I) w>ymzsgwbsDtHRxH&l>uD>oJ;tcDynD = rh>w>xd.*JRxD.unDzdwz. xH&l>uD>oJ;tw>xH. = rh>w>ymzsgxD.unDzdwz.tw> Clw>zd; = rh>w>ymzsgxD.unDzdwz.tw> w>ol’lo;’l = rh>w>ymzsgxD.w>[H;eh>qd xH&l>uD>oJ;w>cGJ;w>,m = rh>rk>eHRweHRvX[D.cd. oh.ngtgxD.unDzd = ch.tJ.,l. cDu&J;oX0Dw0D< vgr;&S.(3)yoH.(ch.tJ.,l.)cDu&J.w>td.zSd.uhRu nDuD> rh>w>’k;tusJ = w>td.zSd.0HRtlEl;uGJtD. b;tluFH trhR’D;pH;0J< w>ueh>uhRunDuD>t*D>usJtd.cHbd (1) EkmvDRCh vXzgvhrJbsD.’d. tusJ (2) w>pku0JRw>’k;tusJvDRI = vgr;&S; (10) oDch.tJ.,l. ‘D; (zqyv) xH.vdmu’D;toDwbsD< tlEl;pH;0JunDChuD>y[h.wohb.< unDrhR’k;y,DRy,DRu’k;qXuhRvDRI (p;xD.zJeh.y,DRw>y&XypX>wz. uGJ;tXuGJ;oDunDzdtuvkmuvkm vDRqD’.w> ch.tJ.,l.) = vgr;&S; 11(zuy) A ,JbDR-zLRwz.*JRqXxX.xD’guhRzqyv< 1947qXxD’guhRzqyvty’d.tCdbH.w>bXwtd.vXRb.tCd Chw>rRpXRvX KNU, KNDO vXu[H;eh>tDRw>bH.w>bXuyXRuhR0h>wul.’D;tcd.tCXRwz.eh.vDRI (w>zh.qXwz.ql.xD.wqDb.wqD’D;zqyv tok;wz.rRtXrRoDunDzd Brief History of Karen Page 12

wz.,HRxD.tgxD.vDR)I unDw>yX>qXw>pH.pdRwJpdRAw>rReD.rRCgtzk. = vgtD;ul;31ApJyxh.bX. 1A KNDO ymzSd.xD.o;’D; MNDO ‘D;xD.[H;eh>rD.vrFJ. oxl.uFh>< vX>’d.wz.eh.vDRI zqyv xH.vdm’D; ch.tJ.,l.cd.e>wz. ‘D;Ch0JvXw>u[h.uhR0h>wz.’D;t0Joh.w[Heh>vXRunDzdwz.tpku0JRvXRb.tCd unDzdwz.[h.uhR0h>wz.rkmrkmvDRI (qXuwD>tHRunDzdwz.[Heh>yXb.0h>tCdtoGH.uzdxD. w>ym’d.vDRo;< w>rRxD’gursX>td.xD.0Jph>uD;eh>vDRI = vg’HRpJbX. = zqyv vlR[H;eh> ,l.tJ.zH. ‘D;unDyXRoh.yS>wz.tpku0JRcJvXRvDRI w,Hmb.w>zD. KNDO ‘D; rD.vrFJ.< bsH.’0J>< o0,.wH.< [Duw;’D;w>vD>t*RweDRvDRI = vg’H.pJ.bX> 28oD[g = zqyv vJRu0DR ch.tJ.,l. vD>cX.o; pgcFD ‘D;uwdRw&Dwygw>tgr; c;egpdRunDrk.cGgoH10*R< ‘GJ.tlunD[H.CDweDR&X>&X>pX>pX>tXtXoDoDeh.vDRI 3 (unDw>yX>qXp;xD.0h>thph.w>’k; 1949) =vg,ElRtg&HR 31 = zqyv ok;p;xD.[JxD.’k; KNDO tvD>cX>o;vXthph. unDtd.w>vD>vXorJwz.tCd< unDzdwz.vXw>’Do’XvDRuhRto;orl tcGJ;t,mt*D>p;xD.w>yX>qXeh>vDRI zqyv bD;b.&RvDR0J vX ch.tJ.,l.wrh>u&XzD;oJp;b.) =zqyv tok;wz.ymvDRo;vXuxD.’k;rReh> ch.tJ.,l.vD>cX.o; thph. vX 3 oD twD>ylRvDRI b.q.unDzdwz. cD.qX’k;qXuhR ySJR’D;w>[h.vDRo;w>wl>qgcD.qgo; ‘D;w>o;’l qD.zsD;uGHm’k.’gwz.vDRI [Heh>uhR thph. Cd.< vh.rh.tlpJ;zDu[.tvD> zFg< bkpJ;*D>rk> vXvJ> (vSdif)usdeh>cJvXmvDRI = vgzhR-bLRtg&HR2oD = ch.tJ.,l.EkmvDR[H;eh> rhRuvR’dRubD,lRoeh’D; rReh>ubD,lRcJvXm’D;ok;tvD>tusJcJvXmb.q.wrR[g*DR0Jb.I =ch.tJ.,l.rRvdm Karen Rifle 1 vXwDtl’D; Karen Rifle 2 vXyFh.vXu[JrRpXRtDR< ok;&h. 1 [JwkR (bR,RuFH) ‘D;b.*kmuhRto; ok;&h. 2 [JwkR –udKhyif au1uf< zqyv ‘k;tDRvXusJb.*kmu’guhRo;I Brief History of Karen Page 13

write_read_and_speak_the_pwo_karen_language
say_it_in_karen_vocabulary
say_it_in_karen_introduction
say_it_in_karen_book_3
say_it_in_karen_book_2
say_it_in_karen_book_1
pwo-burmese_dictionary
karen_vernacular_grammar
karen_grammar- klo tha nu
anglo_karen_dictionary_wade_
a_grammar_of_the_pwo_karen
a_manual_of_the_pwo_karen_dialect
a_dictionary_of_the_sgau_karen_language_wade_
a_grammar_of_the_sgaw_karen