—fu;a;djf,dalkh˜g Ökfhka by< ms
ÿlanr jQ fï iir ÿflka
ñfokakg yels kï''''
f.!rjd¾y hd,.uqfõ Oïñiair wkqkdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia
cmdkfha m%Odk ix>kdhl" Wvrg wurmqr uyd ksldfha wkqkdhl" cmdkfha fgdalsfhda
iluqKs cd;Hka;r fn!oaO uOHia:dkfha iy kS.;d iluqKs fn!oaO úydrdêm;s" úYaj
lS¾;s Y%S mKaä; Ydia;%m;s
—fya;=x máÉp iïN+;x fya;= Nx.d ksreÊ®;s˜ - ks;Hhs
lshd lsisjla fkdue;s fï f,dal Od;=fõ" —hx lsxÑ iuqoh
Oïux iínx ;x ksfrdaO Oïux˜ - hula fyda hïlsis flfkl=
yg .;a;d kï ta flkd fyda ta foh wksjd¾fhka u jekiS
hEu f,dal i;H;djhls' —¨Êc;s m¨Êc;s f,dfld˜ - f,dalh
hkq ljodl fyda leã" ì`È" m`M`ÿ ù hk jia;=jlghs' ta nj
wm úiska ukdj f;areï fíreï lr .; hq;=j we;'
ikrdur ;=ka f,dalhla ioyï wud isis,iska uy;a
lreKdnrj ksjd ikid iqjm;a l
f.!rjd¾y lel=Kÿf¾ fyaud,xldr kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia
lekvdfõ m%Odk ix>kdhl" Tgdjd f:arjdo fn!oaO úydrfha iy ixialD;sl
uOHia:dkfha ks¾ud;D iy úydrdêm;s
Y%oaOd nqoaê iïmkak .=K.rel jdikdjka; ldreKsl
i;amqreI mskaj;aks" fndÿkqjka jQ l,S" ms
udkj ixy;sh iïnkaOfhka jQ §¾>;u b;sydifha
§ is;Sfï yd úuiSfï ksoyi w;ska Ñka;k úma,jhla we;s
jQ hq.h l%s'mQ' 06 jk ishji hs' nqoaO ld,fha § isÿ jQ fï
úm¾hdihg fmr Ndr;fha Ñka;k l%uh ffjÈl hq.fha isg
l%ul%ufhka fjkia fjñka meñKsfhah'
iD.afõo hq.fha § ñksid mskdhl" rUqlalk j,a.u Y%S j¾Okdrdudêm;s
ù wjq;a nqÿiufha jHdma;sh;a iu`.ska ksoyfia is;Sug;a"
iajdëkj ;SrK .ekSug;a" ;ukag ßis mßoafoka l%shd lsÍug;a
W;amdo" À;s" Nx. we;s ùu" meje;Su yd ke;sùu hk
ldrKd iïnkaOfhka wm fï wjia:dfõ oS hï ú.%yhl
fh§u uekeú' mskaj;aks" f,dalfha O¾u;djhkag wkqj we;sù"
meje;S" ke;sù hdu w;sYhska u iajNdúl ;;a;ajhls'
—wld,sflda˜ hkqfjka wm uyd ;:d.;hdKka jykafia
fï úIu f,dalfha iqokka
f.!rjd¾y uqj.u uqÈ; kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia
ol=Kq fldßhdfõ f;a.= kqjr mqkavßld fn!oaO úydrfha úydrdêm;s
Ydka;s kdhl wm wuduEKS f,dõ;=re iïud
iïnqÿrcdKka jykafia tod iqfïO ;dmi kñka isá wjêfha
§ §mxlr nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a iufha § W;=ï jQ ks¾jdK
iïm;a;sh idCId;a lr .ekSug jdikdjka; .=Khkaf.ka
wjldY msÍ mej;sh;a" t;=udKkaf.a wNsm%dh fukau tl u
m%d¾:kh jQfha" —nqoafOdayx fndaOhsiaidñ uq;af;dayx fudapfha
mf¾˜ - ksh; jYfhka u ;uka nqoaO;ajhg m;aj th wkqkag;a
wjfndaO lrjd ish¨ i;a;ajhka o iir ÿflka w;uqojkjd˜
;sf,djg ;s,l jQ wm Nd.Hj;a wßy;a iïud
iïnqÿrcdKka jykafia jpkfha mßiudma; w¾:fhka u
il, f,daljdiS ckhdg fmkajd jodf
The term ''environment'' has been defined by ecologists
in different ways. Different terms such as eco system, natural
surroundings, nature and biosphere are used to refer to the
environment. The term environment can simply be defined as
an integrated system that consists of non-living objects such
as mountain ranges, rivers, streams and plains. The human
life and environment are not separate entities, but a closely
connected mutual system which is interrelated the human
beings have no existence without environmental resources.
Therefore, the environment was treated as a sacred entity
by our ancestors and they had a friendly attitude towards the
environment. Their belief was that environment had a special
unseen power of blessings and punishing to human beings.
The ancient society highly valued the derivation of residual
from the environment and their use, in establishing a longer
existence on the earth and also a stainable living pattern.
Many books have been published by scientists by
and in-depth analysis into the environment subject paying
their attention to different angles such as innovation of the
environment, its qualities, systems and sub systems, biodiversity
the close connection in between human beings and
the environment, environmental pollution and destruction,
and the protection of the environment.
The purpose of this article is not to establish the ideas
and antitheses put forward by present-day. Scientists and
ecologist go hand in hand with the Buddhists do fine putforward
by the Buddha. But, the aim of this article is to show
Venerable Dr. Ittademaliye Indasara Thero,
B.A. (Hons.) / M.A. / Ph.D. Senior Professor in Department of Buddhist Philosophy,
Buddhist and Pali University of Sri Lanka, Chief Incumbent - Sri Sambuddhaloka Maha
Viharaya, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The relevance the deep analytical study done on environment
and the friendly attitude shown towards environment by this
great philosophical leader, to present day than to any other
The term ''Dhamma'' in Buddhist philosophy is used in
a wider perspective. Buddhism simply says that according to
the term; '' lujjatipulujjatitiloko'' the world is an entity that is
destructed by disintegration. Buddhist philosophy is consisted
a deep analysis on the living and non-living objects of the
entire universe in the formation of the universe.
The Buddhist teaching on nature is solely depending
on the cause and effect theory. The formation of one object
or matter results in the formation of another object. No
matter or object is formed without any cause. The basic core
of Buddhist philosophy on ecology is that all living and nonliving
objects are forward on the theory of cause and effect
and undergo the impermanence, suffering and soullessness
(Anicca, Dukkha, anatta).
The impermanence means the frequently changing in
impermanent nature. All objects are instantly formed changed
and gradually they are either deal or destructed. It is natural
for living beings to be changed by being born and achieve
maturity, aging, subjected to undergo many diseases and face
death accordingly previous kamma. There isn't anything in
among the living objects and non-living objects in the world
that do not undergo this process.
The Buddha has shown/ explained that living beings as
well as the formation of objects or elements are designed
with tiny material groups (rūpakalāpa)1. A material groups
(rūpaKalāpa) is on entity that consist of earth, water, fire
and air based on four subsidiary material qualities of colour,
smell, taste and nutritive essence. Theses eight coexisting
forces and qualities constitute one material group called
‘Suddhaṭṭhakarūpakalāpa’ pure-octal material group. They
are included in all material groups (rūpakalāpa). The life time
of material group is instantaneous.
In an instant when a human being wink his eye, an
infilling of rūpakalāpa can be born and destructed. Again
new rūpakalāpa are created. ''uppāda'', ṭhiti'' and ''bhaṅga"
as shown by Buddha is related to the origin, duration and
the destruction nature of these rūpakalāpa in other words
Modern physic has also cited a similar idea with regard
to, the origin, existence and the death or destruction of
material objects. The physicists have been able to found out
the real nature of the natural environment through, sheer
hard work with the help of scientific resource and equipment
which was found by the Buddha 2559 years ago. According
to physics, the smallest element that helps in the formation
of an object or matter is quark (Murrey Gell-Mann – 1963).
The protons and neutrons are designed or framed by the inter
relaters of quarks to each other.
The combination of protons and neutrons in different
proportions result in the formation of the atomic nucleus.
The atoms are formed by the combination of electrons and
nucleus. An element is formed by the combination of fevered
atoms. The collection of large number of elements is called
a matter in the physics. Tiniest entity of matter is known as
quark which changes 100,000,000,000,000 per second by
originating and by vanishing. As novel finding in quantum
physic that the material group (rūpakalāpa) which depicted
in Buddhist philosophy is similar to the process and nature of
The second pace in three characteristics of
existence is ''Dukkha" or the nature of suffering.
''YadaniccaṃtaṃDukkhaṃ". If something is impermanent
that itself become a cause for the creation of "Dukkha". The
categories of "Dukkha" had been explained by the Buddha in
"DhammaCakkappavattanaSutta"2, his first Dhamma sermon.
According to Sutta birth is suffering, aging is suffering,
sickness is suffering, death is suffering , sorrow and
lamentation, pain, grief and despair are suffering, association
with the unpleasant is suffering, dissociation from the
pleasant is suffering, not to get one wants is suffering, in brief
five aggregate of attachments are suffering. The reason is that
all these phenomena are impermanent.
The third characteristic feature of three characteristics
of existence is the nature of soullessness. It is emphasized
by this that there isn't any object, creature or life which is
permanent. All the phenomena that are formed due to cause
and effect theory physically, mentally, conscientiously and
unconscientiously, exist for a moment and when the elements
vanished it is deactivated immediately. Even though the natural
phenomena that are formed as a person or object has been
assigned different names for the purpose of identification,
when the elements are separated which are responsible in
making them, there isn't an object or a person. Therefore, it is
an illusion to think that there is a definite person or an object.
This is the nature of soullessness.
The Modern science and the Buddhist teachings on
David P. Barash, one of the prominent, biologists in his
recently published book, "Buddhist Biology - Ancient Eastern
Wisdom meets Modern western Science" has cited proof to
show that there is a considerable similarities and agreements
in between the findings of Buddha twenty six centuries ago
and the present contemporary findings of science according
The Buddha's teachings and the teachings of Biology
on the interrelationship and two mutual existences between,
systems in the environment and the units are one. Baraus says
that he is astonished to see the agreement between these
two knowledgeable entities on the formation of Saṃkhāra
(Objects), destruction and the impermanency. He says that
Buddha is a great scholar who has gone beyond the limits of
biologists who had done a correct and an information analysis
on living beings and environment in a historical period that
goes back to 2559 years.
The Buddha had emphasized another aspect of
environment consisting of five Fixedness of Law which directly
responsible in the formation of material objects. This five
Fixedness of Law is cited to show that all the creation of the
world and happenings are not merely due to the effects of
"Kamma" or "Fate" .
"UthuNiyāma" - The environmental changes rainfall,
temperature and wind occur due to the natural changes in
seasons. This is known as "UthuNiyāma". "BeejaNiyāma" -
The Formation of trees, blooming of flowers and begging
fruit and due to "BeejaNiyāma" - "KammaNiyāma" - The
Results that a person gets according to previous "Kammas"
that he has committed is known as "KammaNiyāma" person
is given good results by good deeds and bad results by bad
deeds. "DhammaNiyāma" - The unchanging forums of the
environment such as gravitation and Global power are known
as "DhammaNiyāma". "CittaNiyāma" - The process of thought
is known as "CittaNiyāma" thought that is generated in the
mind leads to the generation of other thoughts. The thought
paradigms that are generated in the mind happen accordingly.
The concept of time in Buddhism is also a fascinating
one. The explaining of the concept of time in Buddhism is
different to the hours, minutes, weeks, month and years used
in the present context. That explanation is a concept which
is not limited to space, distance units and numbers used at
present, but it is a concept that goes beyond them. It is not
realistic now. The past life of a person is not a reality at present
and past. According to The Buddha time is the present context
that is there forever. The most important thing for a person
is to live in the present time where there is no beginning and
end rather than living in the past which is already gone or in
the future which has not come yet.
The Necessities of human beings and modern
The new technological findings and productions have
immensely contributed in giving a comfortable lifestyle to the
man. It is an undeniable fact it has driven the man to make
use of more and more resources in the development process.
In addition that, globalization has made the human needs
more complex in nature and making them use more and more
resources, instead of giving them a simple way of life. The
pollution of environment and the deriving out of more and
more natural resources is a common sight.
The international organization are striving very hard to
find out solutions for global warming, air pollution, pollution of
water resources, environment pollution and problems related
to the environment. The above problems are duly related to
Sri Lanka. No one can deny the fact that the forest resource
are gradually decreasing due to human activities. The man has
fallen prey to natural disasters such as earth slips, flooding,
and lengthy droughts. The use of dangerous manure and
other chemicals which are not good for the human body, in
agriculture has given rise to man being fluke into unidentified
diseases and such health problems.
The lesson that is emphasized to us by the nature is
peaceful co-existence, between living and non-living beings,
rather than trying to suppress a system or go beyond the
system. The destruction done to the nature by man, who is
said to have been educated/ knowledgeable, is not done to
the environment by animals. It is usually unfortunate that man
has not been able to understand the fact misuse of natural
resource is a crime.
The man has fallen prey to his own activities. If the
misuse of natural continues to happen, the date that the living
beings have to face dire consequences is not very far.
14 I fu;a;djf,dalkh I cqkss I 2017
fu;a;djf,dalkh I cqkss I 2017 I 15
f;drj f,dalhg .e,msh yels
—nqoaO foaYkdj˜ udkj iudcfha
mj;akd wd¾Ól" foaYmd,ksl"
idudcsl fyda udkisl iEu
.eg¿jlg u ms
jeiS we;s Tfí ÈhqKqfõ fodrgq
f.!rjd¾y je,smsáfha r;kisß kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia
isx.mamQrefõ ;sirK fn!oaO uyd úydrdêm;s
iqjdiq oyila W;=ï jQ Y%S ioaO¾uialkaOfha i`oyka
jk wdldrhg —jdhfuf:j mqßfid hdj w;a:iai ksmaMod˜ -
Tnf.a ÈhqKqj id¾:l;ajhg m;afjk ;=re u W;aidyjka;
fjkak hkqfjka i`oyka fõ' ljqreka fyda flfkl= ;u ysig
;u w; u h fijKe,a, hkqfjka is;ñka ÈhqKq fjkak hï
W;aidyhla .kafka kï th jákd jQjls' fl;rï ndOl
lïlfgd`M meñKsh;a" ;ukaf.a ksYaÑ; b,lalh lrd hd hq;=
mj;sk iudc rgdj yuqfõ we;euqka fï ,enQ ukqIH
wd;auhg mjd .ry;s' ksluqka fuka Èú f.j;s' ;u oE;ska
hula lr yßyïn lr.kakjd fjkqjg mskg u lkak
n,df.k isá;s' ñksi;alu ksjg lr.ekSug hdu lsisod
lsisúfgl;a nqoaêf.dapr fkd jQjls'
hful=g i;H jYfhka u ÈhqKq úh hq;= kï" ta fjkqfjka
wjxlj u lem jkafka kï ;u W;aidyh idCId;a lrjd
.ekSug t;rï wmyiq ld¾hhla fkdfõ' wjYH jkafka"
wm%;sy; lemùu yd i;Hjd§ jQ W;aidyh muKs'
—wdfrda.HñÉfPa mrux p ,dNx iS,x p jqoaOdkqu;x
iq;x p Oïudkqj;a;S p w,Sk;d p w;a:iaioajdrd muqLd
Pf,af;a˜ - hful=f.a ÈhqKqjg iDcqj u n,mdkakd jQ lreKq
ldrkd yhla fï .d:d O¾ufha i`oyka fõ' tkï" —kSfrda.S
nj" wdpdrYS,S nj" jeäysáhkaf.a Wmfoia ,eîu yd
W;=ï mqr mifkdhl" m%xYfha , nq¾fIa cd;Hka;r fn!oaO
f,dalfha ìys jQ Ydia;Djreka w;r mqoa.,hdf.a
iajÉPkao;djhg uq,a ;ek ÿka úYsIaG;uhd jkafka f,dõ;=rd
nqÿrcdKka jykafia h' ish oyu ms
The phase ‘emptying’ comes off as something as simple
as pouring water out of a cup. But doing it with your mind,
instead of plain water could make it the most difficult task
in the world. The expression has a specific visual, but the
content itself is psychological, and that could render the
actual practice very abstract.
Also, we are very self-centered, only used to holding
onto something we want or like and not very familiar with
letting things go. Consequently, there’s a tendency to perceive
‘emptying one’s mind’ as passive and trivial. One of the most
popular sutras in Mahayana tradition is Diamond Sutra. It is a
very important Sutra to understand and practice what Middle
Path (Madhyamapratipad) is and Seon Buddhism. There is a
phrase that goes as below:
“A disciple should give rise a mind which is no way
dependent upon sights, sounds, smells, tastes, sensory
sensations or any mental conception. A disciple should give
rise to a mind which does not attach to anything.” - Diamond
Sutra: Chapter 10
This is the phrase that I place the most importance in
The first step of emptying your
mind is to fill it with the right view
Most Venerable Sung Jin Thero
Executive Director of “Paramita” Youth Association of Korea and Vice President of World
Fellowship of Buddhist Youth (WFBY)
the Sutra and also the part which lay people have the most
difficulty understanding. In words, it sounds self-contradictory
but simply put, it is as if you need to step and push upon the
ground and jump off the earth surface to reach higher. More
practical and fitting example would be similar to the story
In South Korea, the last year of high school preparing
for college entrance is the most dreaded and feared period
for both students and their families. There is even a famous
saying that goes as ‘the last year of high school is when most
people decide to take up a religion.’ To parents, there would
be no phrase more confusing than ‘praying without any
purpose or attachments.’
So I explain to them what it means to pray without
attachments. The phrase above means to be able to pray
for the better future of their children without having ideas
about which school is good and which is bad, or forcing their
children to do better at exams because of the resources spent
and such. Then I tell them to fill their heart instead of with the
happiness and I remind they of them that they only wished
to live healthily and love each other when they gave births to
They love their children with no strings attached. By
following this, the lay people can fill their mind with gratitude
and love towards each other and let go of greed, anger, and
ignorance, the three poisons the Buddha told us to get rid of.
It is similar to removing dirty water in a container by
filling it up with clean water and therefore displacing it. This
is precisely why people need to practice having the right view
a lot more than trying to simply empty their thoughts. The
Buddha has shown us the noble eightfold paths for us to
remove attachments, and this is the clean water.
The noble eightfold paths (āryāṣṭāṅgamārga) are…
1 Right view: our actions have consequences; Cause
and Effect and Dependent Arising. 2 Right intention: Being
resolvoed on reunciation, on freedom from ill will, on
harmlessness. 3 Right speech: Abstaining from lying, divisive
speech, abusive speech and idle chatter. 4 Right action:
Abstaining from killing, stealing, sexual misconduct. 5 Right
livelihood: being noble without effluents and maintaining his
life with right livelihood. 6 Right effort: Exerting his mind, and
to prevent the arising of evil and unwholesome mentalstate
that have not yet arisen. 7 Right mindfulness: Never be absent
minded. Being conscious of what one is doing, having put aside
worldly desire and sadness. 8 Right concentration (samadhi):
Practicing four stages of mediation (dhyana) culminating into
unification of the mind.
The meaning of “Right” is to have thoughts based on the
three marks of existence (tilakkhaṇa). Everything is subject
to constant change and without a fixed true nature, and
realizing reminding oneself with such view helps getting rid
of the three poisons and ultimately leads to enlightenment.
However, refusing to accept the idea and thinking otherwise
would turn everything into causes of suffering.
If someone with status and power reminds himself of
the fact that his power and status do not last forever and are
not his actual characteristic, only dependent upon his current
position, which has been ultimately given to him from the
people. In actuality, he has emptied his mind of obsession
about the status and power by Right view.
That is how filling oneself’s mind with the right view
based on the three marks or existence removed the three
poisons. Only after filling oneself with the right view, comes
right action, and right action also leads to a peaceful mind.
Then our purified mind becomes the source of unlimited
compassion and brightens ourselves and the whole world.
So, I say that the first step of emptying one’s mind is
to put an effort to first fill it with right view. In Mahayana
tradition, every Buddhas and bodhisattva have achieved
enlightenment by cherishing a vow. We shall, too, cherish
such vows with right view.
I’d like to introduce the great ten vows of the Tathagatas
in Thousand Hands Sutra, another very popular sutra in
Korea. 1. I vow to always stay from the three evil ways. 2. I
vow to quickly cut off the three poisons of desire, anger
and ignorance. 3. I vow to always listen to Buddha, Dharma,
and Sangha all alive. 4. I vow to diligently cultivate precepts,
meditation ceaselessly, and wisdom all found. 5. I vow to
ceaselessly learn Dharma. 6. I vow to never abandon to attain
the enlightened mind(Bodhicitta) 7. I vow to be reincarnated
in the paradise of the blissful land of Amitabha Buddha in
the West. 8. I vow to hurry and meet Amitabha Buddha in
the paradise. 9. I vow to disseminate myself throughout the
universe like particles. 10. I vow to bring all sentient beings
I have faith in that the world will become peaceful and
blissful place if everyone fills their mind with the ten vows. I
hope you reading “METTAVALOKANAYA” Buddhist Magazine
find happiness by filling your mind with right view.
22 I fu;a;djf,dalkh I cqkss I 2017
fu;a;djf,dalkh I cqkss I 2017 I 23
Buddha’s Birthday Ceremony
at Lingguang Buddhist Temple,
Gautama Shakaymuni Buddha’s Birthday Ceremony in
2017 held on May 02, 2017 at Lingguang Buddhist Temple,
Beijing, China in grand level & high respectfully. The Chinese
Government officials & Ambassadors of Cambodia, Myanmar,
Thailand, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Laos in China and distinguished
guests also participated this merit valuable event.
The ceremony held under the leadership of The Chief
Incumbent of Lingguang Buddhist Temple, Beijing, China, Most
Venerable Chang Zang Thero and all head of monks (Chief
Prelates) in all chapters in China. The function organized by
Buddhist Association of China and Lingguang Buddhist Temple
committee. Lot of Buddhist events held on the occasion. The
Lingguang Buddhist Temple is most sacred with Gautama
Sakyamuni Buddha’s holy Tooth Relic.
Prof. Hao Weimin, the Director of Longhua Institute for
Chinese Culture and Head of Confucian Institute in Colombo
University and “Mettavalokanaya” also participated as a
delegate from Sri Lanka. China Government Officials and
Chinese Buddhist Association President, Vice President
& Mr. Wang Li also participated on this grand occasion as
distinguished guests. Received the very big merit opportunity
to all of delegates for worship Gautama Sakyamuni Buddha’s
holy Tooth Relic at Lingguang Temple premises (Temple of
Divine Light), Badachu Lu, Shijingshan District, Beijing, China.
Lingguang Temple (Temple of Divine Light), as one of the
eight Buddhist temples and monasteries scattered across the
Cuiwei, Pingpo and Lushi hills at the foot of Beijing's Western
Hills, houses a precious relic in its Buddha Tooth Relic Stupa
(the only other recognized Buddha tooth relic in the world is
in Sri Lanka). Hence, the temple has become one of centers for
Buddhist pilgrimages in the world.
After the visit in Beijing, China
Ökfha îcsx kqjr
ud;DN+ñh;a" cd;Hka;rh;a ioyï
isis,iska mqrjd,kakg wem lem jk
hq.fha wNsudkj;a woaú;Sh
wurmqr uyd ksldfha wNskj W;a;Í;r
uydkdhl udysñmdKka jykafia
wurmqr uyd ksldfha wNskj —W;a;Í;r uydkdhl˜
moú m%dma; ñhekaudrfha hex.=ka kqjr Y%S ,xld fn!oaO
uOHia:dkh" fkamd,fha l;auKavq w.kqjr iaj¾Kmqr
pdreu;S mqrdK rcuyd úydrh" .,alsiai O¾udmd,drduh"
l;r.u Wmd,s O¾udY%uh hk úydrhkays wêm;s" Oïumd,
jxYd,xldr" ioaO¾u lS¾;s Y%S ;%smsgl úYdro" úkhdpd¾h
w.a.uyd mKaä; uydufydamdOHdh w;sf.!rjd¾y
fldgqf.dv Oïudjdi uydkdhl udysñmdKka jykafia"
jpkfha mßiudma; w¾:fhka u Y%S ,xldoaùmh uE; hq.fha
§ oyñka Tmj;a l< W;=ï ix>ms;DjrhdKka jykafia kuls'
j¾I 1933 ÿre;= udifha 26 fjks Èk niakdysr m
—ixj¾Okh˜ hkak mq¿,a w¾: olajk .eUqre yd
ixlS¾K jq ixl,amhls' —j¾Okh˜ hk mofhka jeä ùu
mq¿,a ùu jeks woyila m%ldY jk w;r" —ix˜ hk Wmi¾.
fhka mQ¾K" iuia;" hym;a" iqNodhs hk woyia m%ldY fõ'
ta wkqj jpkd¾:fhka .;a l< —ixj¾Okh˜ hkq úúO fËa;%
wdjrKh lrkq ,nk hym;a jQ iqNodhS jQ m%.ukh fõ' th
nqÿoyug wkqj wdOHd;añl fyda ndysr fyda udkisl fyda
fN!;sl fyda úh yels h'
nqÿoyu ñksidf.a fuf,dj mrf,dj fof,dj oshqKqj
i`oyd u l%shd;aul ùug wod< j O¾u lreKq fmkajd oS
we;¡ nqÿka jykafiaf.a ixj¾Okh hkak ;=< yqfola wd¾Ól
ixj¾Okh muKla u fmkajd fkd ÿkafka th f,daflda;a;r
ixj¾Okhg ndOdjla jk fyhsks¡
tfyhska nqÿka jykafia mqoa.,hdf.a f,!lsl ixj¾Okhg
fya;=jk foaYkd fuka u f,daflda;a;r ixj¾Okhg fya;=
jk O¾uh o foaYkd l
ixjrhla" úkhla" yslaóula we;s lrjk
iS,fha we;s ld,Sk jeo.;alu'''
w;sf.!rjd¾y I px.a ix kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia
Ökfha îcsx w.kqjr" ,sxlajdx.a o
In today’s society birthday parties are a frequent
occurrence. These days’ birthday parties are held, be it at
home or in restaurants, hotels, floating restaurants, cruise
ships etc. The traditional gifts given could be cloths, perfumes,
gift vouchers, foreign trips and may even be motor cars with
the affluent section of the society. There are still others who
might serve alms to Bhikkus, to elders or even to beggars on the
birthday, while still others may resort to sponsor broadcasting
The Birthday Gift....
Formerly Senior Commercial Manager at Sri Lankan Airlines and presently Consultant to
Air India GSA in Sri Lanka.
of Dharma Discourses on TV and Radio.
The story I wish to tell here is pure fiction
but centered on this same thing, birthday and the
gifts given on birthdays. Once upon a time there
lived two young people and as was the custom
then got married. They were very rich people
with almost everything. After couple of years
they were blessed with a son. The parents were
not only rich but very wise and had the ability to
see the future.
So they decided to do something special for
their son but kept it a secret from the child. As was
the custom, at every birthday of their son there
was a party at home for the relatives and friends.
The child began his education in a prestigious
school in the country. Time passed and by the
time child reached his 18th birthday, both parents
passed away having bequeathed all their wealth
to the son. Just before their death, they told the
son that there are two very important letters they
have written, which should only be opened once
the boy reaches the age of 21 years.
The kid having lost his parents at such a
young age was very sad and his birthday parties
became a very sedate affair. On his 21st birthday
he decided to host his relatives and friends at a
very low key function since his parents are no
more. After the function, it suddenly dawned
upon him that there are two important letters
written by his parents which should be opened
on the 21st birthday. He took the large envelope
where the two letters were kept marked 1 and 2
with instructions to open the first one only. When
he opened the first letter he found a Fixed Deposit
Receipt from a reputed bank for 80 million in his
Having decided to check on the current
status of the FD, he went to the bank and met
the manager. The bank manager checked the
bank documents and told the young man that the
current balance is only 59 million. Utterly taken
back and with much chagrin and anger the boy
shouted that the bank has stolen his money and threatened
to sue the bank. The manager calmly showed him the special
agreement that the parents has entered into with the bank
where each year the balance is reduced by one million. The
manager told the young man that it was the wish of his
parents to do this deposit with those conditions.
Saddened by what has happened, the boy quickly
returned home and was trying to understand as to why his
parents has done this special fixed deposit. Then suddenly it
dawned upon him that there is a second letter and taking the
letter from the drawer he opened it.
The text of the letter read as follows, “Son, we know that
you are very sad and angry now and probably shouted at the
bank manager. Son we did this deposit in this manner because
we wanted it that way. You are very sad that 21 million has
been wiped away in 21 years. But then yesterday on your 21st
birthday, did it ever occur to you that 21 years from your life
has been wiped out? We are certain that you did not shout but
instead would have enjoyed with your friends and relatives.
Son we did this FD because we saw that we will pass
away before you reach 21 years. We also saw that you will live
to be only 80 years old. So you only have 59 more years left
now. You certainly can withdraw the 59 million from the bank
and deposit again in a fresh Fixed Deposit and we are certain
that within 5 to 6 years you will recover the lost 21 million
and the Fixed Deposit value will continue to increase in the
years to come. But will the number of years in your lifespan
increase? No your age balance will only decrease with each
passing year. Son you can still invest the 59 balance years. You
can do it in two ways for others as well as for yourself,
Son there are thousands of people in our country with
no abode, no money or food or ability to get education. You
know that in our business portfolios and in the funds we left
for you there is great opportunity for you to help these people
through benevolence. Also you will get merits when you do
such good things.
The other is to build for yourself that ultimate bliss. We
in our own way did that as long as we lived, Meditation both
Mindfulness Meditation and Vipassana Meditation. This son is
the surefooted path to ultimate purification.
Son, when you become steeped in virtue of right speech,
right action and right livelihood, it helps you to go forward in
right striving, right mindfulness and right concentration. With
virtue and concentration bestowed in you, you will be able to
fulfill the final step of wisdom, right view and right thoughts.
Son in the Paththakamma Sutta the Enlightened One
extolled us on the five giving, 01 - GNATHI BALI – Caring for
your relatives. When they come to see you take good care of
them and help them in their need. 02 - PUBBA PETHTHA BALI
– Give alms to Bhikkus and to those in need, do acts of merit
and then pass on those merits to your relatives & friends
who have left this world. 03 - DEVA BALI – Even the gods seek
merits from you and others. When you do good, pass on the
merits to the gods and they will be very happy.
04 - ATHITHI BALI – Even if strangers come looking for
your help do what you can. Even in your business tell you
staff that it is of great merit to attend to the needs and wants
of customers. Long before people started taking of CRM
(customer relationship management) and CSR (Corporate
Social Responsibility) the Enlightened One has told us on the
moral value of attending to others needs.
05 - RAJA BALI – Pay your taxes. To not pay your taxes
is immoral. Of course the Enlightened one extolled those in
power not to burden the people too much with taxes but to
collect dues and invest same wisely for better future of all.
The Buddha said that it is rare to be born as a human
being, very rare to be able to listen to Dharma, rare it is to be
of all faculties and extremely rare for a Buddha to be born. You
are blessed with such rare gains and it would indeed be wise if
you would be able to make full use of these rare gains.
Of course we are not telling you not to host birthday
parties or be happy. But make sure that what you do is right
for you and for others. Invest these 59 years balance that you
have so that you can find the ultimate liberation.
Do you know son that great majority people only give
their attention to this somatic body? But can you imagine it
being left without washing and cleaning for about two weeks?
It will surely smell like a cesspit. But no one will let that happen
but clean it day in and day out and apply all those ointments
and perfumes to smell better and look better.
But then how many people in this planet think of
cleansing the defiled consciousness? All our life what we
do is take the name & form (nama/rupa) with the aid of
our six touch agencies and illustrate our consciousness with
negativity. Name & Form are the precursor to mind and if you
illustrate it negatively then the mind and mind moments too
will be negative and defile you. A defiled mind will not enable
you to lead a happy life here or hereafter.
So here is our advice to you, while doing your business
in the most moral way work on your mind as well. That can be
done with Mindfulness and Vipassana Meditation. Develop
mindfulness and with that insight on the principle of arising
and ceasing. The day you realize it, you are a stream-enterer
and will never ever be born in a lower abode and at the most
will have only 7 more births. Also while doing so in your own
life, give it to your employees, your friends and relatives. Of
course not all will welcome that but some will.
Son, we have left for you hundreds of millions of rupees
and many assets. We owned those when we were living but
left it all for you to take care. But one day you also will leave
without all those assets except the asset of righteousness and
the truth of Dhamma which will only be your companion. Also
remember that of all the giving, the gift of Dhamma is the
So go forth striving to break up this whirlpool of
Name & Form and Consciousness. Those who put an end to
this illustration of the consciousness are the Arahaths. As
the Buddha said in his last discourse before Parinirvana at
Kusinara, these conditioned formations are subject to decay
and therefore make haste and strive to attain the ultimate
“Acchecchi vattam, bayaga nirasam. Visukka saritha na
sandathi. Chinnam vattam na vattathi. Esevantho dukkhassa”
The whirlpool is broken, attained freedom from all
desires. The dried-up stream no longer flows. The whirlpool
broken no longer turns. This, just this is the end of Dukka
(suffering). Be happy, take care of yourself and do your
business and lead a happy life. While living the mundane life
remember that this is not a permanent thing and subject to
eternal decay. So strive hard and make a path for your escape
from this sansara. Make that island of refuge for you where
no current of desire will ever wash you away.
That which is not owned and not grasped, is itself the
island of refuge, and is called Nirvana where the decay and
death are not there. (Parayana Vagga, 118). Though one may
conquer thousand times thousands of men in battle, yet he
is the noblest victor who conquers himself. (Dhammapada,
Yours loving Mother and Father!
34 I fu;a;djf,dalkh I cqkss I 2017
fu;a;djf,dalkh I cqkss I 2017 I 35
ukd isyskqjKska hqla;j lghq;= lsÍug
Ñ;a;dkqmiaikd Ndjkdfjka ,efnk msájy,''''
uy;a wNsudkhlska ±ka rgj,a
40 la mqrd fnodyßk j.hs''''
Now Distributing 40 Countries
f.!rjd¾y ó.yl=Uqf¾ Oïu.fõis kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia
´iafÜ%,shdfõ isâks kqjr ksõijq;a fõ,aia ,xldrdudêm;s" Y%S ,xld iyk mokfï .re
iNdm;s" l`M;r - .,amd;' nreyqm, iyk jeäysá ksfla;kdêm;s" uydúydr jxYsl
iHdfudamd,s uyd ksldfha u,aj;= md¾Yajfha ´iafÜ%,shdfõ m%Odk ix>kdhl" iudc
úoHdfõ§" ioaOïudpßh" úkhdpßh" rdclSh mKaä;
iïud i;sfhys msysgd" fkd tfia kï fyd`o isyshl msysgd
lghq;= lrk ;eke;af;l=g ;uka lrk ld¾h l¾;jHh
b;du;a oCI f,i yd idrj;aj bgq l< yels nj fkd ryils'
kuq;a j;auka ck iudch fj
nqÿoyu f,dj my< jQfha w;sYhska u ixlS¾K jQ
od¾Yksl miqìula hgf;a h' BYajr ks¾udKjdoh ms
p´ ;=x oyug kj m%fõYhla tla lrkq ,nk
uydpd¾hjreka" wdpd¾hjrekaf.ka iqieÈ 30
fofkl=f.ka hq;a úfYaI ¥; msßila o Ökh n,d hEug
kshñ;j we;' ,nk cQ,s ui 09" 10" 11 hk f;Èk
;=< meje;afjk fuu cd;Hka;r iïuka;%Kfha §
wNsudkj;a p´ oyfï w;S;h;a" j¾;udkh;a yd
wkd.; hymeje;au;a iïnkaOfhka §¾> jYfhka
idlÉPdjg ,la flf¾'
NsCIqKSka jykafia,d 1000 kulf.a
iyNd.S;ajfhka Ydikfha u;= wNsjDoaêh m;d
;%smsgl fmd;a m;a h
f.!rjd¾y t`Mjdfmd< m[a[dr;k kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia
.%Sisfha we;ekaia kqjr fn!oaO úydrdêm;s" Ydia;%m;s' rdclSh mKaä;
udxY NCIKh iïnkaOfhka wo f,dalfha fndfyda
fokd fndfyda u; bÈßm;a lrñka ixjdofha ksr; fj;s'
udxY NCIKh flfrys fndÿkqjka ;=< we;af;a uyd msd;kh
isÿ lr;s' ;j;a msßia kùk;u ;dCIKsl l%ufõohka Tiafia
i;=kg wju jo ysxidjla we;s jk whqßka >d;kh lr;s' fï
ljr wdldrfhka isÿ ld;kh" i;=kg ysxid mSvd lsÍu iïnkaOfhka o ieug fmdÿ
jQ O¾u;djhla nqÿoyfuka b.ekafõ'
Andrew. J. Williams
Senior Dharma Teacher
Recently I was asked why I love Buddhism. So here are
7 answers for why I love, appreciate, respect, study, practice
and share the precious Buddha Dharma. Some answers
are short and sweet, while others are in more detail. Of
course I could give many more answers and more details,
however I've kept it to just 7, for the benefit of easy reading.
Answer No 01 - The Buddha Dharma is the only path that
leads to the realisation of the fruit of unsurpassed supreme
enlightenment. Along the way we experience the fields of
bliss caused by our fields of merit. Ultimate bliss is realised
when we attain unsurpassed supreme enlightenment. Answer
No 02 - Practising Buddha Dharma enables us to get to know
our mind, which is the source of all of our experiences.
Answer No 03 - Not only does Buddha Dharma answer all of
the important questions in life. If we wholeheartedly practise,
Why I Respect &
we ourselves will directly realise both relative
and ultimate truth. Answer No 04 - We have
the freedom to think, act and speak. We have
the freedom and potential to learn and practise.
We have the freedom, potential and ability to
awaken transcendent wisdom and a great heart
of compassion, and attain unsurpassed supreme
I would like to share with you that in my
youth, I was very deeply inspired to whole
heartedly practise the Buddha Dharma, for the
benefit of all sentient beings, by the following
well known words of the Buddha. May you too be
inspired to wholeheartedly practise the Buddha
Dharma, for the benefit of all sentient beings.
Do not believe in anything (simply) because
you have heard it. Do not believe in traditions
because they have been handed down for many
generations. Do not believe in anything because it
is spoken and rumoured by many. Do not believe
in anything (simply) because it is found written in
your religious books. Do not believe in anything
merely on the authority of your teachers and
elders. But after observation and analysis, when
you find that anything agrees with reason and is
conducive to the good and benefit of one and all
then accept it and live up to it.
We are what we think. All that we are arises
with our thoughts. With our thoughts we make
the world. Speak or act with an impure mind and
trouble will follow you. As the Wheel follows the
ox that draws the cart. We are what we think. All
that we are arises with our thoughts. With our
thoughts we make the world. Speak or act with
a pure mind and happiness will follow you. As your shadow,
unshakeable. Thus, shall ye think of all this fleeting world; A
star at dawn, a bubble in a stream, a flash of lightning in a
summer cloud, a flickering lamp, a phantom, and a dream.
Answer No 05 - The Buddha Dharma is inclusive, not
exclusive. Our aim is to benefit all sentient beings, without
exception. To help all sentient beings, including ourselves,
to have happiness and its causes, and to be free from
suffering and it's causes, and to attain unsurpassed supreme
enlightenment as swiftly as possible.
The Buddha Dharma transcends colour, texture,
flavour, language, culture, tradition and nationality. It is for
everyone, everywhere and at any time. This is especially
evident in the practise of the Four Immeasurable's
(Brahma Vihara) of universal loving kindness (metta),
universal compassion (karuna), empathetic joy
(mudita) and equanimity or non-bias (uppekkha).
May you all be happy and free from suffering, and attain
unsurpassed supreme enlightenment as swiftly as possible.
Please see more words of inspiration below from the great
Indian master Shantideva's Bodhicaryavatara (The Way
of the Bodhisattva) (From the chapter on 'Commitment').
From verse 7 to 10:.....By the virtue I have just amassed, May
all the pain of every living being. Be wholly scattered
and destroyed. For all those ailing in the world, Until
their every sickness has been healed, May I myself
become for them, The doctor, nurse and medicine itself.
Raining down a flood of food and drink, May I dispel the
ills of thirst and famine. And in the ages marked by scarcity
and want, May I myself appear as drink and sustenance. For
sentient beings, poor and destitute, May I become a
treasure ever plentiful, And lie before them closely in
their reach, A varied source of all that they might need.....'
From verse 18 to 22:.....May I be a guard for those who are
protectorless, A guide for those who journey the road, For
those who wish to go across the water, May I be a boat, a raft, a
bridge. May I be an isle for those who yearn for landfall, And a
lamp for those who long for light; For those who need a resting
place, a bed; For all who need a servant, may I be their slave.
May I be the wishing jewel, the vase of plenty, A word of power
and the supreme healing; May I be the tree of miracles, And
for every being the abundant cow. Like the earth and the
pervading elements, Enduring as the sky itself endures, For
boundless multitudes of living beings, May I be their ground
and sustenance. Thus for everything that lives, As far as
are the limits of the sky, May I provide their livelihood and
nourishment Until they pass beyond the bonds of suffering.....'
Answer No 06 - To bring about the awakening of students
of all temperaments, the Buddha taught a wonderful variety
of spiritual practises. There are foundation practises for
the development of loving kindness, generosity and moral
integrity. Then there is a vast array of meditation practises to
train the mind and open the heart. These practises include
awareness of the breath and body, mindfulness of feelings
and thoughts, practises of mantra and devotion, visualisation
and contemplative reflection, and practises leading to
refined and profoundly expanded states of consciousness.
We sentient beings are all different in one way or another.
All at different stages on our spiritual journey, our path
to enlightenment. Therefore, we should seek to receive
instructions on the particular methods, as taught by the Buddha,
that are suitable to our current individual temperaments
and needs, and wholeheartedly put them into practise.
Furthermore, we all have the potential to avoid all extremes
and practice the middle path, the Noble Eight-Fold Path,
which consists of perfect understanding, thought, speech,
action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness and concentration. We
all have the potential to practise the Dharma, to develop
immeasurable love and compassion, realise perfect
wisdom, and to attain unsurpassed supreme enlightenment.
Answer No 07 - The Buddha recommends, invites
and encourages all who are interested to thoroughly
investigate, analyse and test the Dharma teachings. Just as
a goldsmith tests for real gold. Not to just believe in them
with blind faith. He then advises us to wholeheartedly
put them into practise and to work diligently towards
realising the result of the Dharma path, enlightenment.
If we do as he recommends, we will realise that his teachings
are very clear and that they make perfect sense. That they are
perfectly logical when tested with critical analysis and that they
are in accord with modern scientific findings. In more than 2,600
years they have never been proven wrong. Take for instance
the Buddhist belief in the Law of Karma, which is a view that
has been checked and analysed by many great practitioners
and realised masters. Conviction in its validity is gained through
logical reasoning. It should not simply be followed blindly.
Any action of body, speech, or mind, places an imprint,
an 'energy potential' or 'seed' in the mind. Mental seeds
are planted through your awareness of what you do, say
or think. The imprints of these actions are left on the mind
stream and carried on moment by moment - the present
moment of mind coming from the previous moment of mind.
When the necessary supporting conditions are in place,
this imprint, or latent potency, manifests as perceptions or
experiences of happiness or suffering. We can liken this to a
biological seed, which ripens when the contributing causes
and conditions of water, soil, sun, and the like are gathered
together. May we all realise the foundation, path and result of
the path, & swiftly attain unsurpassed supreme enlightenment.
Please enjoy the following quotes about the Buddha Dharma
from Albert Einstein:- 'Science without religion is lame.
Religion without science is blind.'- 'Buddhism requires no
revision to keep it up-to-date with recent scientific finding.'-
'Buddhism does not need to surrender its views to science,
because it embraces science as well as goes beyond science.'
- 'The religion of the future will be a cosmic religion. It should
transcend personal gods, and avoid dogma and theology.
Covering both the natural and the spiritual, it should be
based on a religious sense arising from the experience of all
things, natural and spiritual, as a meaningful unity. Buddhism
answers this description.'- 'If there is any religion that could
cope with modern scientific needs, it would be Buddhism.'
And the following quote from historian, Arnold Toynbee:-
'The coming of Buddhism to the west may well prove to be
the most important event of the 20th century.' May these 7
answers be in some way helpful and beneficial to all sentient
beings. May they inspire you to study, practise and share the
Buddha Dharma to the best of your ability. May the Buddha
Dharma flourish throughout infinite space. May all sentient
beings attain unsurpassed supreme enlightenment as swiftly
44 I fu;a;djf,dalkh I cqkss I 2017
fu;a;djf,dalkh I cqkss I 2017 I 45
weußldfõ f,dia wekac,Sia ys
msysá O¾u úch úydria:dk mßY%fha
wNskjfhka b`Èlrk ,o ffp;HrdchdKka
jykafiaf.a Od;= ksoka lsÍfï W;aijh"
uy;a W;aijY%Sfhka .sysmeúos /if.a
iyNd.S;ajfhka miq.shod meje;aúKs'
wefußldfõ m%Odk ix>kdhl"
f,dia wekac,Sia O¾u úch úydrfha
úydrdêm;s yd iNdm;s" wefußldfõ
iy lekvdfõ ix> iNdfõ iNdm;s"
w.a.uyd mKaä; f.!rjd¾y' wdpd¾h'
j,afmd, mshkkao kdhl iajdókaøhdKka
jykafiaf.a wkqYdikd uOHfha meje;s
fuu W;aij wjia:djg iu`.dój wNskj
ffp;HrdchdKka jykafiaf.a fld; o
weußldfõ f,dia wekac,Sia
Od;= ksoka lr fld;
ksrdjrKh l< od'''
fldaÜfÜ Y%S l,HdKS idud.%S O¾u uyd ix>iNdfõ
f,aLldêldÍ" uydpd¾h w;sf.!rjd¾y fldgmsáfha rdyq,
wkqkdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafiaf.a yd msgfldaÜfÜ ;dhs
iqfïOd yd ,xld iqfïOd wêm;s" l
48 I fu;a;djf,dalkh I cqkss I 2017
fu;a;djf,dalkh I cqkss I 2017 I 49
wkqnqÿ ñys`ÿ uydkdysñ u`. jäkd
wfma ld,fha h;sjrhdKka jykafia,d''''
f.!rjd¾y r;auf,a mq[a[r;k kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia
c¾uksfha m%Odk wêlrK ix>kdhl" c¾uksfha fcdydkia .=gkan¾.a iriúfha
lÒldpd¾h" lreKd iudê ixúOdkfha wOHCI ckrd,a" Y%S ,xld fn!oaO yd md,s
úYajúoHd,fha c¾uka wdh;kfha wdh;kdêm;s" c¾uksfha Y%S ,xld uyd úydrdêm;s"
wkqnqÿ ñys`ÿ uyry;ka jykafia m%Odk bÜÀh" W;a;sh"
iïn," Noaoid, kï jQ ry;ka jykafia,d iy iquk
idufKarhka jykafia fukau" NKavql l=urekaf.ka o ieÿï
,;a úfYaI O¾u ¥; lKavdhu tod nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a
ioyï mKsúvh;a /f.k wfma fï Y%S ,xldoaùmhg jevu
fu;a;djf,dalkfha ks¾ud;D" iNdm;s fukau m%Odk l¾;D nqoaêl ixÔj jk ud úiska fu;a;djf,dalk fn!oaO m%ldYk uOHia:dkfha m%ldYkhla jYfhka fuh j¾I 2017
fmdfidka ui 05 fjksod fld