Mettavalokanaya_Magazine_December_2016

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2 fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016

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fu;a;djf,dalkh

iaúÜi¾,ka;hg yd m%xYhg'''

iaúÜi¾,ka;fha cskSjd kqjr cd;Hka;r fn!oaO uOHia:dkfhA oS'''

m%xYfha meßia kqjr Y%s ,xld meßia fn!oaO úydria:dkfha oS'''

m%xYfha meßia kqjr , nq¾fIa cd;Hka;r fn!oaO uOHia:dkfhA oS'''

—fu;a;djf,dalkh˜ udisl fn!oaO i`.rdj wdrïN lr

jirla imsfrkakg;a u;af;ka Èjhsfka i;r È.aNd.fhka

fukau f,dj kka foiska o Èfkka Èk .,d tkafka iqnjd§

m%;spdrhka h'

fu;rï blauKska fndÿkq ck;dj fj; jvd;a ixfõoSj

iómùu ieneúka u —fu;a;djf,dalkh˜ ,o Nd.Hhls'

u,aj;=" wia.sß" wurmqr yd rdud[a[ hk ksldhkays

ish¨u w;sf.!rjKSh jQ uydkdhl udysñmdKka jykafia,d

we;=`M wfkl=;a ksldhkays" md¾Yajhkays uydkdhl" wkqkdhl"

f,aLldêldÍ kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia,dg;a"

Èjhsfka ish¨u Èia;%slalhkays msysá ft;sydisl yd m%isoaO

úydria:dkhkays kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia,dg;a

udislj mQcd lrkq ,nk —fu;a;djf,dalkh˜ udisl fn!oaO

i`.rdj" miq.sh jma mqr mifkdhl" rdclSh mKaä;" wdpd¾h w;sf.!rjd¾y

uqrex.d.iahdfha [dKSiair kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafiag

o —fu;a;djf,dalkh˜ udisl fn!oaO i`.rdj uy;a f.!rj

fmr±ßj mQcd lrkq ,eîh'

wk;=rej" m%xYfha meßia kqjr msysá Y%s ,xld meßia

fn!oaO úydrh fj; o f.dia tys úydrdêm;s w;sf.!rjd¾y

fldaka.iafoKsfha wdkkao kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafiag

o —fu;a;djf,dalkh˜ udisl fn!oaO i`.rdj fu;a is;a

fmr±ßj mQcd lf


jmqrk îc j,g wkqj M,odj

,efnkakd fia

l¾u /ia lsÍu

wm ,enQ ukqIH wd;auh

wdrCId lr.ekSu w;sYhska

u ÿIalr jQjls

—hdÈix jmf; îcx - ;dÈix yrf; M,x - l,HdKldÍ

l,HdKx mdmldÍ p mdmlx˜ - f.dúuyf;l= úiska hï

îchla jmqrkd úg ta îc j,g wkqj u wiajekakla ,efnkakd

fia wm úiska fkdfhl=;a jr isoaO lr.kakd jQ l=i," wl=i,

l¾uhka ksid l=i,a yd wl=i,a /ia lr .kS'

ta wkqj" hfula úiska hï hym;a lghq;a;la isÿ

lrkafka kï bka hym;a jQ l=i, l¾u;a" ;j;a hï flfkl=

úiska whym;a jQ foa isoaO lrñka isákafka kï bka wl=i,

l¾u;a d;kh fyda ta i;aj ysxikh lsisúfgl;a fyd`o

fohla jYfhka f,dalhd úiska ms


W`ÿjma mqr mifñ;a;d uyry;a uyf;rKsh W;=ï jQ ch Y%S uyd

fndaëka jykafia jevu lrjdf.k ,xldjg iem;a jQfha wfma

rfÜ pqkakdlï m%foaYfha —cïnqflda, mÜgk˜ fyj;a oUfld<

mgqkgh' wo fmaÿre;=vqj wi, —yqKq.u˜ kñka y`ÿkajk

fuu ia:dkfha isg bka wk;=rej mqkÍka" ;sjlal nuqKq.u"

;ka;sßu,h yryd uy;a jQ .re ie


isõ wdldrfha mqoa.,hkaf.ka

Tn ljr mqoa.,fhla o@'''

Tn" Tnf.a w;HdjYH .ukla hdug ksjiska msgj .shd

hehs is;kak' Tn .uka .kakd ud¾.fha § fndfyda mqoa.,hka

Tnf.a fk; .efÜú' Tjqka ish,a,la u úúOdldr fõ' fï

úúOdldr jQ ñksiqka ish,Qu fokd wm uyd ;:d.;hdKka

jykafia úiska jfrl j¾. fldg jod


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Èúhl we;s

jákdu yrh kï'''

mskaj;aks" wo wms yefuflfkl=u wdorh fidhkjd"

ñ;%;ajh fidhkjd' fï lshkd ufkdaNdjhka wm ;=< ljr

wdldrfhka o f;areï wrf.k mqreÿ mqyqK l< hq;af;a lshk

ldrKdj iïnkaOfhka fndfyda fofkl=f.a wjOdkhla yß

yeá fhduq fj,d keye' th ksjerÈj wjfndaO lr .ekSu wo

ld,fha yeáhg w;sYhska u jeo.;a ldrKdjla'

;sf,da.=re nqÿmshdKka jykafia" ;uka jykafiaf.a

idxidßl cSjk .ufka § lrk ,o mÍCIKh wjidkfha §

wjfndaO lr .;af;a" —mrud¾: jYfhka .; l< wdorh yd

fm%auh lshkd fï ish,a,la u ÿl iy Nh Wmojk tajd˜ njhs'

kuq;a mskaj;aks" Tn cSj;a fjkafka iïuq;s f,dalhl'

fï iïuq;s i;Hh ;=< wms cSj;a fjoa§ Nh ysf;k tl" ÿl

ysf;k tl" B¾Ishdj we;s fjk tl iïuq;s iïnkaOhka j,§

b;du;a idudkH ;;a;ajhla'

Ydka;s kdhlhdKka jykafia mrud¾:uh jYfhka

wmg uy;a lreKdfjka hqla;j foaYkd lrkq ,enQfha mQ¾K

wjfndaOhl§ fï ish,a,lau w;yeßh hq;= njhs' tjka

mrud¾:uh ldrKdjla foaYkd l


ljqo@ Tn ys;kak tmd wmg jvd my< flfkla ljrodlj;a

wmj ksjerÈ lrhs lsh,d'

.%Sisfha my< jqKq b;du;a fY%aIaG od¾Ykslfhla

lshkjd ;ukaf.a hd`Mjg" —Tn uf.a biairyska hkak tmd'

ta fudlo@ ug neye Tfí wkq.dñlhd fjkak' ta jf.au Tn

uf.a miqmiska tkak;a tmd' ta fudlo@ ug neye Tfí u`.

fmkajkakd fyda iajdñhd fjkak' Tn uf.;a tlal iudkj u

weúof.k hkak˜

taflka fmkajd fok fndfydu jeo.;a ldrKdjla

;sfhkjd mskaj;aks" wms fyd`o hd`Mfjda fjkak ´fka kï

wms w;r hï iudk;djhla ;sfhkak ´fka' wms wdOHd;añl

jYfhka fukau fN!;slj;a iudk fjkak ´fka' wd¾:sl

jYfhkq;a ;uka iy ;udf.a hd`Mjd iudk ke;akï" wiudk

kï t;k;a we;sfjkafka m%Yak u ;uhs'

mskaj;a Tn fudfyd;la ys;kak" Tng jvd i,a,s ;sfhk"

Tng jvd n,h ;sfhk flfkla Tfí fyd`o u hy`Mjd

jqkyu wmg thd .ek ysf;kafka thdj wfma jev j,g

mdúÉÑ lr.kak ú;rhs fkao@' w;sYh ióm ñ;%;ajhla we;s

lr.kak ysf;kafka keye t;fldg'

ta jf.au uu Tng fï wjia:dfõ § u fhdackd lrkjd"

;ukag jvd wiudk whj ;ukaf.a hd`Mlug ú;rla fkfjhs"

ta whj lido n`Èkak;a tmd lsh,d' neßfj,dj;a Tn ta jf.a

wh újdy lr.;a;yu fjkafka" wdorh" lreKdj we;=f,a

,efnkak ´k ukd iqrCIs;;djh ta whf.ka Tng fkd ,eî

hdu hs'

wdOHd;añlj yd fN!;slj wmg jvd Okfhka" n,fhka

yd Yla;sfhka jeä flfkla tlal wms ñ;%lula f.dvk`.d

.kak .shyu fjkafka" thd wmj lju ljrodlj;a ksjerÈ

lrkak W;aidy fkd .ekSu hs'

wkak tfyukï ±ka Tng jegfykjd we;s fï hd`Mlu"

fï ñ;%;ajh" fï iqyo;ajh" fï wdorh wm we;s lr.kak

´fka ksrka;rfhka u iudkhska w;r ñila Bg jvd my< fyda

by< wh;a tlal fkfjhs lshk tl'

mskaj;aks" fuf;kaÈ uu Tng fmkaj,d fokak W;aidy

lrkafka wdOHd;auh w;ska iudklï ork wh;a tlal

in`o;djhka f.dvk`.d .kak lshk tlhs' wdOHd;añlj

ÿ¾j, wh tlal ine`Èhdjla we;s lr.kak .shyu fjkafka

uyd ìhlre b;du;a wjdikdjka; ;;a;ajhlg uqyqK

mdkakhs'

YS,hla úYajdi lrkafka ke;s" mjla mskla úYajdi

lrkafka ke;s" .=KO¾uhla ke;s wh tl;= jqkyu fjkafka

fudllao@ tfyu wh ;ukag jf.au iudchg;a uyd

nrla' nqÿiuh wmg fmkajd fokafka" tl yd iudk fyd`o

.;smeje;=ï ;sfhk wh tl;= fjkak ´fka lshk tlhs'

yenehs b;ska tal uyd ÿIalrhs'

mskaj;aks" uu kej; kej;;a lshkjd fï wdorhhs"

ñ;%;ajhhs lsh,d lshkafka folla fkfjhs tlla nj' fï

fol u tlsfkl fmdaIKh lrkq ,nkjd' w¾:dkaú; cSú;hla

Tn Wod lr.kak wfmaCId lrkjd kï mskaj;aks" fï folg

Tn wksjd¾fhka u iujefokak isoaO fjkjd' fï fol u tl

yd iudkj mj;ajdf.k hkak Tng isoaO fjkjd'

wo wfma rfÜ fndfyda fokdf.A újdy cSú; w;sYhska

;Dma;su;a keye lsh,d ukdj fmkS hk ldrKhla' fndfyda

fokd wo bkafka wi;=fgka' thd,df.a m%Yak lshkafka t iNdfõ f,aLldêldÍ"

w;=re.sßh wd¾h NsCIq mqyqKq uOHia:dkfha ks¾ud;D

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fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016 9


iEu l¾uhlu iudrïNh

fÉ;kdjhs'''

;=kaf,dald.% jQ Nd.Hjka; jQ wßy;a jQ iïud

iïnqÿrcdKka jykafia uy;a lreKdfjka hqla;j wmg jodf


jeä fjkjd' fudayh jeä fjkak jeä fjkak" ñksiaiqkaf.a

kqjK msßys,d u hkjd'

wo cSj;a fjk fndfyda fokd bkafka udkisl frda. j,ska

fmf


nqÿrÿka wmg lshd ÿka

jeäysá f.!rj iudpdrh

—jeäysáhkag ie,lSu˜ hkak wo fndfyda fihska ckm%sh

ud;Dldjls' jeäysáhkag ie,lSu hk joka weiQ muKska u

fndfyda fokdf.a is;g kef.kafka foudmshkag ie,lSu .ekh'

kuq;a foudmshkag fukau jeäysáhkag ie,lSu iïnkaOfhka

jQ ;;= o ;=kaf,djla uyd lreKd fu;a isis,iska f;ud jod


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fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016 13


The Seven Weeks After Enlightenment

All Buddhists as well as others are aware that after

enlightenment Buddha spent the next seven weeks at seven

different places. Pilgrims from all over the world come to

Bodh Gaya and venerate the seven places by offering flowers,

lighting oil lamps, incense sticks and reciting stanzas. Yet how

many are aware of the inner true meaning of the seven weeks

the Enlightened One spent after enlightenment? The stanza

says,

The First Week - At Bodh Gaya pilgrims who visit will

pay homage to the Bodhi Tree by offering flowers, lighting oil

lamps, burning incense sticks and recitation of the stanzas.

They will also worship the seat at the base of the tree stated to

have been used by Buddha. However the great majority would

limit their veneration to the ritual aspects without trying to

fathom the depth of the occasion or the inner understanding

of the actual situation. It is also customary for devotees to

observe the eight precepts while venerating the seven places.

It is stated that after enlightenment Buddha stayed the

first week at the base of Bodhi (BODHI MULE NISIDATHI). What

is the base of Bodhi, is it the base of the Ficus Religiosa tree?

To understand, we need to delve deeper into the Dhamma.

At the end of the first week, on the final night Buddha in the

first watch delved into the co-dependent origination. Then

he saw that all things (Dhamma) are dependently originated.

When this is there this arise, when this is born this is born.

In the middle watch he noted that all things, when this is

not there this is not there, when this is ceased this ceases. In

the morning watch he introspected in both the forward and

backward directions simultaneously, this arises when this is

there and this ceases when this is not there.

Then Buddha uttered these stanzas, “To the Brahmana

(the Arahath) who is meditating with energy, to him there

it arises that all things arise because of a cause - To the

Brahmana who is meditating with energy, to him there it

arises that when the cause is not there the resultant too is not

there - To the Brahmana who is meditating with energy will

disperse away the ten armies of Mara just as the morning sun

will brighten up the dark sky.”

This in itself is the essence and the basis of codependent

origination. We worldly people know to recite

the 12 resultants arising from the dependent causality.

Those are the results but here on the first week after

enlightenment the Enlightened One dwelled on the

very principle of co-dependent origination. In other

words this is the very base of knowledge (Bodhi). Thus

it should be seen that the Buddha in the first week after

enlightenment dwelled looking at the very base on

it all, co-dependent origination. Thus we say

BODHI MULE NISIDATHI seated at the base of

realization, the co-dependent origination.

The things or Dhamma are the 12 things

in the co-dependent origination (Patichcha

Samupppada). To the Brahmin (the Buddha

or Arahath) who is meditation with energy

and strength it becomes fully clear that the

12 things or Dhamma that arise are purely

on the basis of co-dependency

principle. Indeed, when a person

becomes a stream enterer (Sothapanna), the person realizes

this foundation, “Yan kinchi samudaya dhamman, sabbanthan

nirodha dhamman”, that the twelve things as evident in codependent

origination arise and cease.

“ITHI IMASMIN SATHI, IDAN HOTHI, IMASSA UPPADA

IDAN UPPAJJATHI”. When this is present this arises, when this

is born, this is born. In short it all happens then and there. This

is different to the modern science where it is about when this

is there, that arises.

The Second Week - The location where Buddha spent

the second week after enlightenment is in the area in front

of the temple, to its left. This week it is said that the Buddha

spent whole week looking at the Bodhi Tree without blinking

his eyes. In the veneration of Dhamma the stanza speaks of

wise realizing this Dhamma through self. Thus here too we

must dwell deeper into the situation.

In explaining the conditioned in Dhamma it is stated,

“Bhikkus, the conditioned have in it these three, what are

these three? There appears arising, there appears ceasing and

what is seen as permanent there is this and that”. This means

that in the conditioned even this permanence visualization is

a case of being this and that simultaneously or in other words

this constant change and not permanence. It is also said that

this arising and ceasing (birth & death) occurs faster than the

blinking of the eye. Buddha is one who is beyond birth and

death and during this week it can be seen that he was delving

into the realization or the enlightenment. Thus the Buddha

spent the second week in the realization of Nibbana where

there is no birth or death. Thus we say the second week he

spent in expression of his gratitude to the Ficus Religiosa

tree which gave the shelter. From a deeper perspective it can

clearly be understood that Buddha spent the second week

in the super mundane aspect of the Nibbana of no birth or

death.

Suppose an eminent scientist finds something new

after much research, he or she will delve into that again

and again to relook at it. In the same way it can be seen

that Buddha too looked into his self realization of the

truth. It is also stated that given the deep and profound

nature of the realization, the Enlightened One once did

wonder whether the worldly people would be able to

understand such a profound and deep truth.

Third Week - The location where the Buddha

spent the third week after enlightenment is seen

to the left of the temple. It is said that in the third

week Buddha with his omniscient knowledge created

another Buddha and the two of them walked

in the opposite direction to each other.

This means that both the Enlightened

One and the created Buddha walked

alone in direction opposite to each

other.

What is the inner super mundane

significance of this? To understand the

higher significance one must dwell

into the “DWAYATHANUPASSANA

SUTTA”. This person together

with the second person of

14 fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016

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craving will traverse this very long Sansara, Simultaneously as

this and that (ITHTHATHA, ANGNATHA) and will never end this

Sansara.

Thus it is very evident that we the worldly people

endowed and under the influence of the six agencies are

never alone but is with the second person of craving all the

time. But the enlightened, Buddha, Pachcheka Buddha or

Arahath are without the second person and thus are all by

themselves. So we say Eka Vihari which means by self only

and no another with that person. Often people say they will

go to a retreat and be all alone. Yet if one has not attained

the ultimate of becoming an Arahath, then that person will be

with the second, that of craving. On the other hand, Buddha

and his Arahath disciples were dwelling in the Jethawana Vihar

as well as in other temples amid tens of thousands of people

who would come to Vihar, yet they were all by them self.

Those lay who meditate, once having learned the path

may not necessarily need to be in a retreat all the time, but

can do the meditation practice at home by striving to find that

isolation from the second person of craving. Often people

will say that they cannot meditate at their homes because

of sounds and disturbances. Yet such things can disturb only

if one volitionally seek to grapple with such sounds without

learning to let go.

One may go to a retreat for an extended period yet

may not be alone if that person tries to grapple with the

Nama & Rupa that illustrate our consciousness. So the path

as shown by the Enlightened One is letting go. Such a person

will discharge his/her responsibilities to the immediate family,

friends, society, to the country etc and yet will walk on the

path to ultimate purification.

Fourth Week - The fourth week after enlightenment

Buddha spent in the golden abode. The location of this place

is to the left of the main temple and today the walls are often

pasted with golden foil paper by many devotees. The traditional

commentary has it that Buddha spent the fourth week in the

golden abode created by gods. In Marghadi language (Pali)

the fourth week is termed as dwelling in Rathana Agara or

golden abode. In the months prior to the dispensation of the

first discourse to the five ascetics at Varanasi, there was only

the Buddha and the Dhamma had not been expounded to the

worldly or the Sangha Sasana yet not established. Thus of the

three Rathanas only the Buddha Rathana was in existence at

that time.

We the worldly people too have an abode that has been

created by the consciousness together with nama & rupa.

Our abode is worldly and subject decay and death. But the

golden abode of the Buddha is that which arises after having

attained enlightenment. Thus Buddha was in the golden

abode while the rest of the beings were in the abodes made

by the consciousness. Our abodes made by the consciousness

are illustrated with nama & rupa (Nidassana Vingnana) while

the Enlightened One is in non-illustrated consciousness

(Anidassana Vingnana).

Fifth Week - After enlightenment Buddha spent the

fifth week under the Ficus Bengalansis tree Ajapala. In the

traditional commentary, it is said that the Goatherds used

the shade of the tree to spend the day, (Aja meaning Goat

and Pala meaning the herder). But as I have stated afore, the

Buddha has always told us to look at the inner depth of the

Dhamma and not take the Dhamma in a very cosmetic way.

(Opaniko pachchaththan vedithabbo vinnuhithi)

The Ajitha Manawa Sutta in Parayana Vagga Suththa

Nipatha, Ajitha asked Buddha as to what this adhesive is?

Buddha replied that this great adhesive is Jappa or craving.

The Enlightened One in the fifth week chose the base of the

Ficus tree Ajappa. Thus Ajappa means that which does not

stick/bind/attach etc.

The Ficus Bengalansis tree as it grows starts spreading

across the terrain with branches often parallel to the ground

and supported by buttress roots springing from the branches

reaching the ground. After some years there would be many

such buttress roots that it often becomes difficult to find the

real base of the tree.

It is the same with us the mundane humans. After

birth we grow up and with craving and supported by the six

touch agencies grasp this world. We are thus termed Lokika,

worldly or under the influence of the six touch agencies whilst

the Enlightened are termed Lokauththara or no longer under

the six touch agencies influence and beyond the world. Even

though the Enlightened One was seated under the Ficus tree

just as the Goatherds, yet he was not under the influence of

the worldly phenomena. Three girls Thanha, Rathi and Raga

came and danced in front of Buddha trying to disturb him and

later left having failed left him alone.

Chasu Loko Samuppanno, Chasu kubbathi santhvan,

Channameva upadaya, Chasu loko vihannathi. This world of

self is of the six touch agencies, and with the six we associate

it all, having grasped it all with the six touch agencies, we the

worldly ones lament and wail.

Sixth Week - The sixth week Buddha spent near the

Muchalinda pond. During that period there were heavy rains

and a giant cobra named Muchalinda gave shelter to Buddha

from rain by coiling around Enlightened One’s body and with

the hood over his head.

The term NAGA is also used for the enlightened such as

Buddha and Arahath. We the worldly people are all the time

susceptible to this defiling rain (KILESA WARSA) and defile

ourselves with the six touch agencies. But the Buddha has

totally eradicated it all and no such things can impact the

Enlightened.

Seventh Week - The last of the seven weeks was known

to have spent under the Rajayathana tree. It was here that

the two merchants from Ukkala (now Odisha) came and

worshipped Buddha and offered him alms of honey and

cereals. The later requested for something sacred which they

could take and Buddha gave them some hair relics.

What is the significance of Rajayathana? We the worldly

people are under the influence of six touch agencies and are

thus under the Salayathana which our illustrated consciousness

built for us. But the enlightened are no longer under the

influence of the six agencies and now in their own abode built

and is termed Rajayathana. Buddha after enlightenment said

that the abode built by the maker has now been shattered

and destroyed. That abode is the six agencies abode built by

illustrated consciousness. Buddha and all Arahaths have nonillustrated

Consciousness (Anidassana Vinnana).

Sugath Rajapakse

BSC-Graduated Peradeniya University, Former Senior

Sales Manager, Regional Manager of Sri Lankan Airlines in

Sri Lanka and overseas, Presently Consultant to

Air India GSA in Sri Lanka.

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fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016 15


ksula fkdue;s

;DIaKdfõ

iajNdjh'''

wfma fï mxpialkaOfhka

neyer jQ fjk;a ÿlla

kï ke;af;ah

;DIaKdj hkq ukqIH - ÈjH n%yaudÈ i;a;ajhka jYfhka

fmfkk WmdodkialkaOhka flfrys yd rka" ߧ" uq;=" ueKsla

wdydr jia;%dÈ ndysr rEmhka flfrys o tajd fyd`o h" ´kE

h hkd§ka flfrys we;s jkakd jQ we,au h' fuh wdOHd;añl

ialkaOhkays w;sYhska u n,j;aj mj;S' tfia mj;skafka o

udf.a wei h' udf.a lK h" udf.a Èj h" udf.a ysiflia

h" udf.a w; h hkd§ka ta ta ialkaOhka flfrys fjka fjka

jYfhka o mj;S'

tfukau" ud o f,dalfhys tla;rd flfkl= jYfhka

isákakg ´kE h hkqfjka il, ialkaO m[aplh flfrys

u o fuh mj;S' fuhska il, ialkaO m[aplh u wd;au

jYfhka f.k mj;akd jQ ;DIaKdj w;sYhska u oDVh'

;uka fï f,dalfha isákakg ´kE h hk wdYdj jeisls


tneúka ialkaOhka ksid u fï ;DIaKdj o Wmofka h' th

i;a;ajhdf.a hïlsis jrolska isÿjk fohla ieáhg fkd

lsh hq;= h' tneúka ;DIaKdj ksid lsisfjl=g ;DIaKdj

we;af;lehs kskaod fkd l< hq;= h'

Wmdodk ilkaO m[aplhg we,qï lrkjqkag ÿlaL

i;Hfha ±lafjk mßÈ wfkaldldrfhka mSvd lrkakd jQ o"

rd." oafõI" fuday" cd;s" crd" urKdÈ .sks j,ska ±fjkakd

jQ o" uyd ÿlaLialkaOhla fõ kï th i;a;ajhkag tmd úh

hq;=h' thg ìhla ñi l,lsÍula ñi we,aula" i;=gla we;s

fkd úh hq;=h'

tfia fkdù i;a;ajhka ;=< fï Wmdodk ialkaO m[aplh

.ek oDV ;DIaKdjla yg.kafka ljr fya;=jlska o@ i;H

jYfhka u tys ÿla njla ke;s ksid o@ hk nj fuys§ l,amkd

l< hq;= lreKls'

fï WmdodkialkaO m[aplfhys wdiajdohl=;a we;af;a

h' wd§kjhl=;a we;af;a h' hul hïlsis iqjhla fyda i;=gla

yg .kS kï th tys we;s wdYajdoh hs' hulska hïlsis kmqrla

fõ kï th tys we;s wd§kjh hs'

i;a;ajhka WmdodkialkaO m[aplhg fumuK we,qï

lrkq ,nkafka tys we;s wdYajdohla we;s ksid h' tys we;af;a

wdYajdoh muKla u kï thg lsisfjla fkd l,lsfrkafka

h' th lsisfjl=g;a tmd fkd jkafka h' ta .ek yg .kakd

;DIaKdj lsisfjl=g;a keish yels fkd jkafka h'

ialkaO m[aplh .ek l,lsÍ" ialkaO m[aplh tmd

ù ta .ek i;=gq jkakd jQ tys wef,kakd jQ ;DIaKdj is`o

ialkaO m[aplh yer ksjkg meñKshd jQ nqoaOdÈ W;a;ufhda

o fndfyda h' ta W;a;uhkag ;DIaKdj keish yels jQfha o

ialkaOhkays i;H jYfhka u uy;a jQ wd§kjhl=;a we;s ùu

ksid u h'

fï ialkaO m[aplh úI ñY% jQ flala f.ähla jeks h'

úI ñY% jQ flala f.äh olsk l,ays is;g iqjhla yd i;=gla

jkafka h' iqj`o wd>%yKh lrk l,ays o" rih wdYajdokh

lrk l,ays o tfia u is;=g iqjhla yd i;=gla jkafka h' th

tys we;s wdYajdoh hs'

hfula th je


ÿla lror tkak tkak Tn fkdie,S

Yla;su;a fjkak

Tnf.a oEia udkfha we;a;d jQ o" Tfí oEig fkd

fmfkakd jQ o fï f,dalfha we;s lsisjla ljrodlj;a iodld,sl

jkafka ke;s nj Tn óg fmr wid we;' tfia kï" —hx lsxÑ

iuqoh Oïux iínx ;x ksfrdaO Oïux˜ - fï f,dalfha hula

fyda hïlsis flfkl= yg .;a;d kï ta flkd fyda ta foh

wksjd¾fhka u jekiS hkjd hkak ia:sridr h'

ieneúka u" —¨Êc;s m¨Êc;s f,dfld˜ - fï f,dalh

lsh,d lshkafka leä,d ì`È,d hk" m`M`ÿ fjk jia;=jlghs'

tfia úkdY ù hk f,dalhl —hoksÉpx ;x ÿlaLx˜ - hï

fohla wks;H fõ kï th ÿlla njg m;a jkafka ks;e;sks'

wmg tf,i yef`.kafka wm ;ju;a mD:.ack wjÈfha miqjk

neúks'

ta jdf.au" —k;aÓ f,dafla wkkaÈf;d˜ - fï f,dafla kskaod

fkd ,nmq lsisu flfkla we;af;a keye' tfukau" —talka;x

jd mixisf;da˜ - fï f,dafla ;kslru m%Yxidj ú;rlau

,nmq flfkl=;a we;af;a keye' ljfrl= fyda ljrodl fyda

iudcfha .e/yqï j,g md;% ù ;sfí' kskaodjkag ,la ù ;sfí'

we;eïúg fuf,i .rykafka" fï wdldrfhka kskaod

lrkafka ie,iqï iy.;j úh yelsh' ;uka fl;rï wjxlj"

m%;sm;a;s.relj wo fï iudcfha cSj;a jqj;a" th reiaikafka

ke;s" th oEiska n,d isáh fkd yels we;eï l=yl is;a j,ska

msreKq ñksiqka ksrka;rfhka u W;aidy orkafka ksjerÈ

mqoa.,hdj jrfoa mg,jd .ekSu Wfoid h'

—ÿ,a,fNd w`ä. iïmkafkd— - yeufoalskau wx.iïmQ¾K

jqk wh fï f,dafl yßu wvqhs' thhs ienE ;;a;ajh' tjka

jgdmsgdjl wm hï fohlska" tla me;slvlska cSú;h

ch.%yKh lrk úg —chx fõrx mij;s ÿlaLx fida;s

mrdðf;da˜ - iuyre talg uyd mqÿudldr úÈyg ffjr

lrkjd' B¾Ihd iy.; l=yl jgdmsgdjl Èú f.jk úg

wmg fujka wjdikdjka; brKï w;aùu f,daliajNdjh hs'

ikrdur ;=ka f,dalhla ioyï wud isis,iska uy;a

lreKdnrj ksjd ikid iqjm;a l


www.meththawalokanaya.com

fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016 19


cSú;hl id¾:l;ajh l%shdYS,S;ajhhs'''

j;auka ck iudch foi n,k úg fmkS hk ldrKhla

jkafka" ñksiqkaf.ka fndfyda fofkl= lïue,s l=iS;

;;a;ajhlg m;aj we;s nj hs' tjekakkag ´kE u wjia:djl

´kE u fohla lshkakg yelshdj mj;S'

—wfka ±ka yß uykaishs" ±ka wõj" ±ka jeiaifk"

Wfoag fkfõ yjig lruq˜ hkd§ joka ksrka;rfhka fujka

mqoa.,hkaf.ka wikakg ,efí' iEu ld¾h l¾;jHhla u

kshñ; iqÿiq fõ,dfõ § isÿ fkd lr l,a ±óu" lïue,s

l=iS; mqoa.,hkaf.a ±lsh yels ;j;a tla fmdÿ ,CIKhls'

iqmskaj;a Tn lrKShfu;a; iQ;% foaYkdj fkdfhl=;a

jr lshjd we;' wid we;' f.!rjKSh jQ uyd ix>r;akh

úiska Wfoa iji ica®dhkd lr;s' fï lrKShfu;a; iQ;%

foaYkdfõ tk —ilaflda˜ hk .=Kfhka lshefjkafka" tfia;a

ke;skï bka woyia lrkq ,nkafka" oCIfhl= ùu .ek hs'

mskaj;aks" ljr flfkl= jqj;a ;u ;ukaf.a cSú;

id¾:l;ajhg m;a lrjd .ekSug kï ta ;eke;a;d fyda

;eke;a;sh W;aidyjka; úh hq;=h" oCI úh hq;=h" l%shdYS,S

úh hq;=h' l=iS;lñka" lïue,slñka Èú f.jkakkag lju

ljrodlj;a ;u ;ukaf.a cSú; ÈhqKqjla lrd mojdf.k hd

fkd yels h'

wms mqxÑ WodyrKhlg mdi,a úfha miqjk l=vd

orefjl= .ksuq' ta ÿj fyda mq;d m; fmd; mdvï lrkakg

W;aidy orkafka ke;sj yeu;siafia u ksod .kakg mqreÿ

mqyqKq ù isákafka kï ta orejd ;udf.a wOHdmkh lvdlmam,a

lr .kS' wOHdmkh lvdlmam,a jQ ;ek iudchg ìys jkafka

iudchg;a" ;ukagj;a lsis`ÿ wdldrhlg jeo.eïulg ke;s

mqoa.,fhls'

tfukau" ;ukag wh;a jev fldgia ks;r ks;r l,a

ouñka ksod .ksñka" w,ilñka hq;=j Èú f.jkakg mqreÿ

mqyqKq jQ jeäysáhka o msßySulg m;a jkafka Tjqkg;a fkd

±kSu h' fujka mqoa.,hka Èfkka Èk u mßydKsh lrd hdu

fkd je,elaúh yels ldrKhls'

ieneúka u w,ilñka msß" lïue,slñka hq;= l=iS;hska

iEu úgu mrdcs;fhl= yd iudkh' cSú;h keue;s .x.dfõ

Trej meof.k hñka id¾:l ;rKhla lr .; fkd yels

wid¾:l" wcSù mqoa.,hka jkafka o fujekakkah'

l=iS;hd ;uka úiska ;ud u msßySulg m;a lr.kakjd

fia u" ;u mjqf,a {d;Ska o msßySulg m;a lrhs' tfukau"

;ekam;a Okh mjd Èfkka Èk úkdYhg m;a lr.kafka ;uka

lsis`ÿ wdldrhl uqo,a bmehSulg W;aiql fkd jk ksid h'

lreKq ldrkd tfia kï Tn lsisodl l=iS; núka msß"

lïue,s w,i ;;a;ajhlg ljrodlj;a m;a fkd jkak'

yels iEu wjia:djl § u ù¾hh jvkak' ilaflda .=Kfhla

msßmqka flfkl= njg m;a fjkak' iEu ld¾h l¾;jHhlu

oCIfhl=" l%shdYS,sfhl= njg m;a fjkak' Tn jeäysáfhl=

kï Tn" Tfí orejdg wdo¾Yj;a fjkak' l=vd ld,fha mgka

u Tfí ÿj fyda mq;d oCIfhl= lrkak" l%shdYS,s;ajhlska fyì

W;=ï ñksfil= lrkak W;aidy .kak' ks;ru yß foa lshd §

lïue,s ùfï we;s wd§kjh lshd fokak'

Tn ljr fyda wdldrhlska Tfí orejd l=i,;djhlska

fyì wfhl= lrkakg fjr ù¾hh orkjd kï" Tfí orejd

i;H jYfhka u fyg Èk f,dj Èkkakg W;aidyj;a jkq ksh;

h' Tn úiska fmkajd fok ta l%shdYS,S;ajh Tfí orejdf.ka

iir .uk

id¾:lj fl


úoHdudk jkafka ùfrdaodr wNsudkj;a pß;hla f,isks'

oyfï i`oyka jk mßoafoka oCI mqoa.,fhl= ;=< jvd

j¾Okh lrjd .; hq;= W;aidyhka i;r wdldrhla .kS'

tkï" ;ud ;=< we;s fkdjQ wl=i,a" tfia;a ke;skï ;ud úiska

fuf;la fkd lrk ,oaod jQ mdml¾u" jerÈ iy.; foaj,a

;jÿrg;a fkd lr isàug wêIaGdkhla we;s lr .; hq;= h'

tfiau" ;uka w;ska isoaO jkakd jQ hï hï jerÈ jev

fukau ish,q mdmS l%shdjka lsisu úÈylska ;jÿrg;a fkd lr

isàug b;du;a ±ä f,i W;aidy f.k lghq;= l< hq;= fõ'

tfukau" ;ud ;=< ke;s .=K jf.au ;udf.ka olakg

fkd ,efnk yelshdjka Wlyd f.k tajd jvd j¾Okh lrjd

.ekSu msKsi ksrka;rfhka W;aidyj;a úh hq;= h' ta jdf.au"

;uka ika;lfha mj;skakd jQ hym;a wdo¾Yj;a yelshdjka

Èfkka Èk u ÈhqKq lrjd .ekSug;a Tn Èßu;a úh h;= u h'

ieneúkau fïjd flfkl=f.a l%shdYS,S;ajh fjkqfjka

w;sYh jákd Wodr;r .=Khka fõ' wfma iudch foi b;du;a

úuis,su;aj n,k l, fmkS hk ;j;a tla ldrKhla jkafka"

iudcfha cSj;a jk we;euqka ish W;am;a;sfha isg u iudc

úfrdaë" jerÈ iy.; mdml¾uhkaf.ka je


id¾:l;ajh

fjkqfjka Tng

,efnk lsisu

wjia:djla u`.

fkd yßkak'

Tfnka .s,sfyk

fï fudfyd;

Tng hd;fh˜

- ljodj;a ;j;a flfkla ;,d fm,d mSvdjg m;a lrkak

tmd' Tn hï wdldrhlska ;j;a flfkl= ksid mSvdjg m;a

fjkakg wlue;s fia u" wka flfkl= o Tn ksid mSvdjg

m;a jkakg lsisúfgl;a leue;s jkafka ke;' —k mfrda mrx

ksl=ífí:˜ - ta jf.au" ljodj;au lsisu flfkla jxpkslj

rjÜgkak W;aidy fkd .kak' flfkl= uq


Tfí wd;aud¾:h

;=


w;sW;al¾Ij;a whqßka

;dhs,ka;fha meje;s

f.da,Sh fn!oaO

kdhlhkaf.a

m


ld,Sk jYfhka ygf.k we;s

úúOdldrfha wNsfhda.hka yuqfõ

fkd ie,S" fkd fi,aù taldhk

wruqKla Tiafia .uka lrñka fndÿkq

whs;sjdislï iqrCIs; lrjd .ekSu

i`oyd l;sldj;la we;s lr .ekSu

i`oyd rgj,a 41 l fn!oaO kdhlhka yd

fn!oaO ksfhdacs;hska ;dhs,ka;fha § yuq

ù idlÉPd l jYfhka idlÉPdjg n`ÿka jQ

w;r" tlu mrmqrla jYfhka .;

yels bÈß mshjrhka iïnkaOfhka

o fhdackd bÈßm;a úKs' meñKs isá

iEu ksfhdacs;fhl=gu w;sf.!rjd¾y

;dhs,ka;fha ix>rdc kdhl

iajdókaøhdKka jykafiaj neye±lSug

o fuys§ wjia:dj ysñ jQy'

uy;a wNsudkhlska meje;s

f.da,Sh fn!oaO kdhlhkaf.a m


26 fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016

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;ukag ì`ÿjla fyda Woõjla

Wmldrhla l< wfhl=g lsisodl

wk¾:hla fkd lrkak

Tn;a hq;=lï ±kf.k

cSj;a fjk flfkla o@'''

ñksidf.a j;auka cSjk rgdj fnfyúka ixlS¾K;ajhlg

m;aj we;ehs lSu w;sYhska u ksjerÈ h' ld¾hnyq,;ajh

ueÈka f.jk fï Èúfha hq;=lï yd j.lSï hk udkj

ixfõ§;djhka ish,a,la u Èfkka Èk mßydKshg m;a fjñka

;sfí' ieneúka u th wjdikdjka; ;;a;ajhls'

tjka wjdikdjka; ;;a;ajhla yuqfõ flfkl=f.ka

;j;a flfkl= fj; bgqúh hq;= hq;=lï yd j.lSï fudkjd

o@ hkak .ek l;dny lsÍu mjd ksYaM, fohls' ta ukao h;a"

hfula y`ÿkdf.k ta ;eke;a;d yd weiqrg m;ajQ od mgka

fï fudfyd; olajd u È.ska È.g u yDohdx.u j isÿ l


MEDITATION AND IT'S BENEFITS

Getting to Know Your Mind

Imagine if the whole world practiced meditation. If everybody

in the world had the opportunity to get to know their mind.

To clearly perceive the wholesome mental qualities that

need to be adopted, nurtured and perfected, as well as the

unwholesome mental afflictions that need to be relinquished

and eradicated, and then implemented the invaluable

meditation methods taught by the Buddha.

I think that you may agree that all wars and conflicts would

be pacified, and peace and understanding would pervade

the world. As His Holiness the Dalai Lama says, “If every

eight year old in the world is taught meditation, we will

eliminate violence from the world within one generation."

We all want peace and happiness, and want to avoid conflict

and suffering. But we need to understand the causes of peace

and happiness, and adopt and practice them. We also need to

understand the causes of conflict and suffering, and abandon

and eradicate them. This way we will achieve our goal.

Everything begins in the mind, all things are constructs

of the mind. We are what we think. Thinking, acting

and speaking with a pure mind leads to positive results.

Thinking, acting and speaking with an impure mind leads

to negative results. When a pebble is thrown into a pond,

the ripples that are created cover all parts of the pond,

likewise every thought, action and word effects everything.

Peace must firstly be developed internally, in our own

mind and then expressed outwardly through our actions

and words. We must live by example. Thinking, acting and

speaking with the motivation to cause and maintain peace,

harmony and understanding. Then peace can be caused

and realised, and the lack of peace can be overcome.

The Buddha Dharma clearly teaches morality and a path

to peace. Buddhist meditation is grounded in morality

and leads to the realisation of genuine wisdom and

compassion. But if we live contrary to these teachings then

genuine peace based on true wisdom and compassion

can never be individually or collectively realised.

To calm our mind, first we must live morally and therefore

be free of regret and guilt. A mind free of regret and

guilt is more conducive to and ripe for the practise of

meditation, which enables us to develop genuine insight

into the nature of our mind and the nature of reality.

When our mind is calm and clear, we will be less confused,

worried and anxious, and therefore able to perceive things

more clearly, and able to make better choices on what to do

and what not to do in our lives. We will be able to deal much

more clearly and efficiently with life’s changes and difficulties.

To bring about the awakening of students of all temperaments,

the Buddha taught a wonderful variety of spiritual practises.

There are foundation practises for the development of loving

kindness, generosity and moral integrity, the universal ground

of spiritual life. Then there is a vast array of meditation

practises to train the mind and open the heart.

These practises include awareness of the breath

and body, mindfulness of feelings and thoughts,

practises of mantra and devotion, visualisation and

contemplative reflection, and practises leading to refined

and profoundly expanded states of consciousness.

Us sentient beings are all different in one way or another.

All at different stages on our spiritual journey, our path

to enlightenment. Therefore, we should seek to receive

instructions on the particular methods, as taught by the Buddha,

that are suitable to our current individual temperaments

and needs, and wholeheartedly put them into practise.

Benefits of meditation are now widely known and the practice

of meditation has become part of the mainstream in many

places around the world. For instance, it has become common

place for meditation to be practised at various educational

facilities such as schools and universities. Also many medical

practitioners encourage their patients to meditate to help the

healing process. These are just a couple of examples how the

practice of meditation has become part of mainstream culture.

As mentioned above, meditation helps us to get to know

our minds, enabling us to be aware of the harmful mental

states that we need to relinquish and eradicate, as well as the

beneficial mental states that we need to adopt, nurture and

perfect. It helps us to be more calm, clear, stable and content,

and helps to improve our short and long term memory.

It also helps to enable us to communicate with

others and all of nature in a more clear, peaceful and

understanding way. Therefore the practise of meditation

not only benefits the individual practitioner, but also

all of the living beings that we come into contact with.

Meditation is for the purpose of understanding the true

nature of our mind. It reveals the inner psychological world.

It penetrates the ordinary, superficial perception that

obscures the nature of reality. With meditation you can

understand the reality of self and other phenomena, for if you

understand your own mind, you will understand everything.

Without meditation we cannot realise the truth, for the

mind will remain clouded with disturbing thoughts and

emotions, and will become more and more confused

and deluded over time. So the whole purpose of

meditation is to lessen the deluded afflictions of our

mind and eventually eradicate them from the very roots.

Just as a professional tree-cutter would carefully cut back the

branches of a tree, before being able to dig out the roots and

eventually get rid of even the tiniest bits of the roots, so that the

tree has absolutely no chance of growing again. We must chip

28 fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016

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away at our delusions and mental afflictions. So that

we can get to and uproot their root cause, and totally

eradicate even the propensity for them to arise again.

Meditation makes the mind sharper, stronger

and clearer, enabling us to solve our own

problems more skilfully, as well as being

able to call on the power of our mind to

make profound changes in our life. We will

become healthier and happier, for it has been proven

that there is a strong relationship between

meditation, and physical and

psychological well-being. It is only

through engaging in the practise of

meditation that we can transform our limited

powers of concentration into extraordinary

unlimited powers of concentration.

Generally, I think we should meditate as much

as possible. Although, not too little and not too much. If it’s

too little, our progress will be slow. If too much, then we

might burn ourselves out a bit. Remember the

Buddha’s path is known as the middle path.

We should meditate at least once a day. Although

may I suggest that you do a short meditation in

the morning, maybe 10-20 minutes, and then

another 20 minute session in the evening.

Of cause you can meditate for as long as

you want. If you have time during the day,

you can have another session then too.

It’s important to stick to your plans to meditate, and not keep

putting it off and doing other stuff instead. Be committed, be

consistent, be brave, and enjoy getting to know yourself.

The following is some simple instruction

on meditation. Firstly, practise

recitation of taking refuge in the

Triple Gem – Buddha (The supreme

enlightened teacher), Dharma (The

teaching that leads to enlightenment),

and Sangha (The supportive, harmonious

community that upholds and shares the

teachings). Along with any other prayers,

verses and teachings that you are familiar with.

Sit quietly in a comfortable position. Close your

eyes. Bring your mind to your body, and from the

bottom to the top, release any physical tension.

Then bring your mind to your breathe. Breathing in and

breathing out. Just simply follow your breath. Whenever

thoughts arise or you become distracted, let go of the

thoughts or distractions without force and gently place your

mind back on the breath. If your mind becomes dull or sleepy,

just refocus more brightly on your breath. This way re-placing

your mind on your breath becomes the antidote for both

the distracted and worried mind, as well as the dull mind.

Set yourself about 20 minutes to do this. Although, as

mentioned, you can meditate for as long as you like.

Be patient with yourself. It gets easier with practise.

Remember that even if we plan to walk around the

whole world, we can only ever take one step at a time.

At the end of the meditation session, dedicate

all of your merits to all sentient beings, and

the realisation of supreme enlightenment.

Another method of meditation that is recommended is

'Loving Kindness Meditation'. As in the previous instruction,

begin by sitting quietly in a comfortable position and gently

close your eyes. Take as much time on each aspect as you need

to genuinely experience and radiate warm loving kindness.

Extend genuine warm loving kindness and compassion to

yourself; to your family, loved ones and friends; to those you

may regard as enemies; to those you may regard as strangers;

to all sentient beings, without exception, throughout infinite

space; wishing that we all have happiness and it’s causes,

that we are all free from suffering and it’s causes, and that

we all abide in genuine warm loving kindness and compassion.

Along with your regular meditation sessions, you could also do

what I like to call, ‘meditation in a cup’ (like 2-3 minute noodles

o r soup, haha). Whenever you have a few minutes

free time, whether you are standing, walking,

sitting or lying down, just focus on your breath.

For those of you who drive, you could practise

what I like to call, ‘traffic light meditation’. If you

are out driving and stop at a traffic light, rather than

wishing that the light turn green, calm your mind by

focusing on your breath. (But don’t close your eyes, haha).

If we keep our mind upright without wavering, remaining

without greed and desire, and we live consciously in the present

moment, then whatever we do is practising the Dharma.

Our practise is not just about external form, it is about

experiencing with our mind. When the mind is clear

and stable, our behaviour will not go astray. Not

only will we be happy, others will also feel safe

and secure in our company. This is practise.

The mind must be clear and stable, and not

follow the changing external environment.

When a situation arises, our mind shouldn’t be

swayed immediately by our surroundings. This is practise.

Have a great time getting to know your mind. Keep your mind

calm, clear, flexible and wholesome, as much as possible. Let

go of any unwholesome thoughts or attitudes. Be peaceful,

loving and kind. That’s all, quite simple and uncomplicated.

Andrew. J. Williams

Senior Dharma Teacher

Melbourne, Australia

www.facebook.com/AndrewWilliamsDharmaTeacher

www.facebook.com/WisdomOfAndrew

dhammatalks.wordpress.com

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fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016 29


Ndjkdfõ ksrdñi Yla;sh

wefußldkqjkag mila lrjk

w;sf.!rjd¾y

ly`o wurnqoaê kdysñmdKka jykafia

—ioafOd iSf,k iïmkafkd hfid fNd.

iumamsf;d - hx hx mfoix Nc;s ;;a: ;;af:p

mQðf;d˜ - ukd Y%oaOdjlska hqla;j" iS,jka;j"

ieug wdo¾Yj;aj Èú f.jkakd ljrodl f,dj

ljr m%foaYhlg .sh o" ta hk hk iEu ;ekl § u

uy;a fmr±ßj msms;DjrhdKka jykafia" f,djla .re lrk"

f,djla mQckSh;ajfhka i,lk wefußldfõ le,sf*dakshd

m%dka;fha m%Odk ix>kdhl" wefußldfõ Ydka; laf,ard —

nqoaê˜ fn!oaO wdh;kfha ks¾ud;D yd iNdm;s w;sf.!rjd¾y

ly`o wurnqoaê kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia h'

rg ±h iuhg muKla u fkdj" foaY foaYdka;r

j, fjfikd okkaf.a o is;a iqjm;a lrjkd fï uyd nqoaO

mq;%hdfKda fy< isß lekaok ukrï ol=Kq ,fla .d,a, —

ly`o˜ kï .ï mshfia § ly`ofldar,df.a pd¾,sia wmamqydñ

msh;=ukag yd iurùr wdrÉÑ,df.a .sudrd uõ;=ñhg odj

ly`ofldar,df.a wurisß kñka Wm; ,nkafka j¾I 1966

ckjdß ui 04 fjks od h'

Wmkaod isg ukd yslaóula ;u pß;h ;=


l


Tfí mska

isf;a mska

l=i,a u

jefvkak

bv yßkak

l=i, O¾uhka

ukdj jvd j¾Okh lrjd .ekSfï jákdlu'''

mskaj;aks" fï Ndjkd lsh,d lshkafka md


yeu fudfyd;lu b,a,kafka iem u ;uhs'

mkai, lsh,d lshkafka mska is;sú,s ksrka;rfhka u

my< lrjk ;ekla' Ydka;hs lshk ye`.Su mkai,lg .shyu

;sfhkak ´fka' kuq;a wo fj,d ;sfhkafka yefudau iem miq

mi u hk tlhs' ta ksid u hs iem iïm;a nyq,j ;sfhk

mkai,a lrd u odhlfhda weÈ,d hkafka' b;ska ta whf.a isf;a

;sfhkafka fudkjdf.a is;sú,s o@ lshk tl uyd .eg`Mjla'

;sf,da.=re iïud iïnqÿmshdKka jykafia jfrl jod


uy;a yrißka yd wNsudkhlska meje;s

m%xYfha lÀk Öjr uyd mskalï'''

—Öjr udih˜ hkqfjka ye`Èkafjk jma mqrmif


m%Odk ix>kdhl" ft;sydisl is;=,amõj" hg., yd u`.=,auvqj

we;=`M wIag uyd úydrhkays úydrdêm;s" fyÜGdp, uyd

msßfjfka mßfõKdêm;s" Ydia;%m;s mKaä; w;sf.!rjd¾y

uegrU fyaur;k kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia fukau

úhÜkdu" ldïfndac yd nx.a,dfoaY iajdókaøhdKka

jykafia,d o fuu W;=ï wjia:djg jevu lr isá w;r"

úÑ;%j;a ixialD;sldx. iu`.ska oji mqrd mskalï ud,djla

o mj;ajk ,È'

úúO rgj,a ksfhdackh lrñka m%xYfha fjfik fndfyda

msßila fujr lÀk mqKHufyda;aijh fjkqfjka iyNd.S ù

isá w;r" w,xldrj;a fmryrlska wk;=rej uy;a f.!rj

fmr±ßj lÀk Öjrh uyd ix>r;akh úIfhys mQcd lrkq

,eîh'

tfukau" msKavmd; pdßldjla o ixúOdkh lr ;snQ

w;r" oi kula úIfhys imsßlr iys;j oyj,a uyd ix>.;

oCIsKdjla o mj;ajk ,È' bka wk;=rej meje;s úfYaI

wdYs¾jdod;aul fi;a msß;a ica®dhkhlska miqj m%xYfha

meßia kqjr , nq¾fIa cd;Hka;r fn!oaO uOHia:dkfha meje;s

fujr lÀk Öjr uyd mskalu ksudjg m;aúh'

meÍisfha msysá fca;jk fn!oaO úydrfha o fujr

meje;s lÀk Öjr uyd mskalu o uy;a yrißka meje;aúKs'

tys úydrdêm;s" m%xYfha m%Odk wêlrK ix>kdhl" rdclSh

mKaä;" wdpd¾h w;sf.!rjd¾y uqrex.d.iahdfha [dKSiair

kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafiaf.a wkqYdil;ajfhka yd mQ¾K

wêCIKfhka meje;s fujr lÀk Öjr uyd mskalu i`oyd o

iyNd.S jkakg —fu;a;djf,dalkh˜ g wjia:dj ysñúKs'

ldïfndac cd;sl odhlldrld§ka nyq;rhla odhl;ajh

orK meÍisfha msysá fca;jk fn!oaO úydrfha fujr meje;s

lÀk Öjr uyd mskalu i`oyd f.!rjKSh jQ iajdókaøhdKka

jykafia,d myf


36 fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016

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W;=ï ksjka u`.

wjqrK ndOd'''

ksíndK mÉphfhd fyd;= -

Tng ksjka mila fõjd æ

—wku;.af.dahx NsCLfj ixidfrd mqínd fldá

km[a[dh;s˜ - w.la fyda uq,la fkdue;s wfma fï iir .ufka

Njfhka Njh wmj .eg .id ;sfí' bmfoñka uefrñka h


wdo¾Yj;a ukqIH cSú;hl

we;s jákdlu

idÿ'''æ idÿ'''æ idÿ'''æ

kfuda ;iai N.jf;da wryf;da iïud iïnqoaOiai $$$

—pkaod fodaid Nhd fudayd fhda Oïux [dkd;s j;a;;s -

wmQr;s;iai hfida iqlaL mlafÄj pkaÈud ;s'''˜

mskaj;aks" —§> ksldfha mdGl j.a.fha wg fjks

iQ;% foaYkdfõ˜ i`oyka jk .d:djla ;uhs fï' fï iQ;%h

fndfyduhla fokd wkq.ukh fkd lrk tl .ek ieneúkau

lK.dgqhs' fï iQ;%h ukdj wkq.ukh lrkjd kï ta ;=


tfyu jqKyu lju ljrodlj;a orefjd fkd u`. hkafk

keye'

orefjda jokjd' jo,d mq`Mjka ;rï n,kafk W.kajkak'

.fï mkai,g tlal hkafk keye' u,la mykla m;a;=

lrkak W.kajkafk keye' jeäysáfhl=g" kEoEfhl=g .re

ire we;sj l:d lrkak W.kajkafk keye' iudc wdpdr O¾u

fudkjdo lsh,d jgy,d fokafk keye' b.ekSu b.ekSu u

;uhs' b;’ska orefjd fmd;a .=,af,d fjkjd ñila idrO¾uhka

w;ska fmdaIKh fjkafk keye'

mskaj;aks wms mq`Mjka ;rï iodpdr iïmkak fjkak

´fk' ÿisßf;ka wE;a fjkak ´fk' orejkag wdo¾Yj;a

fjkak ´fk' jpkska l%shdfjka muKla fkfjhs is;sú,s

j,ska mjd wms mQ¾jdo¾Yhla imhkak ´fk wfma orejkag'

;ukaf. wïud ;d;a;d .=K .relj lghq;= lrkfldg ta

foudmshkaf. wysxil orefjd;a taldka;fhkau hym;a

;;a;ajhlg m;afjkjd'

jdikdjka; nqoaêu;a mskaj;aks" —wdyqr;S ;iai hfida

iqlaL mlafÄj pkaÈud˜ - i;r w.;shg m;afjkafk ke;sj

wNS;j lghq;= lrk mqoa.,fhl=f.a Ôú;h ojiska oji

mQ¾K;ajhg m;afjkjd lshk tl fï foaYkdfõ wvx.= fj,d

;sfhkjd' .eUqre O¾u ldrKd j,g jvd fïjd Tiafi .sys,a,d

;uhs wr O¾u ldrKd wjfndaO lr.kak ´fk'

B


;d,sh l, t


ixúOdhl;ajfhka meje;s lÀk Öjr uyd mQfcda;aijh;a"

b;d,sfha m%Odk ix>kdhl w;sf.!rjd¾y jf.af.dv iS,dkkao

kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafiaf.a wkqYdil;ajfhka l;dkshd

isis,s ¥mf;a msysá l;dkshd isis,s fn!oaO úydrfha meje;s

lÀk Öjr uyd mQfcda;aijh;a w;sid¾:lj" nqoaOd,ïNk

m%S;sh jvjk whqßka meje;aúKs'

b;d,sfha msysá fn!oaO úydria:dk /il fujr

meje;ajQ lÀk Öjr uyd mskalï j,g iyNd.S ù tajdfha

udOH jd¾:dlrKhl kshef,kakg o —fu;a;djf,dalkh˜ g

fujr wdrdOkd ,eìKs'

nqoaêl ixcSj

lgd¾ .=jkafiajfha mQ¾K odhl;ajfhka

b;d,sfha isÿ l< ixpdrhlska miq'''

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fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016 41


wefußldfõ Y%S ,dxflah

fn!oaO úydr

iïm%odhg uxfm;a újr lr ÿka

wNsudkj;a

yQiagka fn!oaO úydrh

42 fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016

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,la forfKa fjfikd wmg kï ßis fia wd.ñl j;dj;a

mj;ajkakg fndfyda fihska úydria:dkhka we;' tkuq;a"

úfoia rgl fjfik wfma u ie±ye;shkag uqks`ÿ mqokakg"

fndaê mQcdjka mj;ajkakg" nKla lshjd.kakg" Ndjkdjlg

yqrejkakg" w;sf.!rjKSh jQ uydi`.rejkf.a jevu lsÍfuka

odkuh mqKHl¾uhka isÿ lrjd .kakg" oyï ldrKdjka ±k

lshd.kakg Y%S ,dxlSh úydria:dkhka we;af;a b;du;a w,am

jYfhks'

tfukau" úfoia.;j wfkalúO ÿlalïlfgd`M" ndOl

/ila ueo ;u meúÈ Èú u`. w¾:dkaú;j mqrjd .ksñka ;u

odhlldrld§kaf.a o ys; iqj msKsi O¾u m%pdrfha kshef,k

wfma u Y%S ,dxlSh iajdókaøhdKka jykafia,d we;af;a o

wjuhls'

fujka jgdmsgdjl wefußldfõ Ydiksl lghq;=

iïnkaOfhka wm wjOdkhla fhduq lrkd úg fglaidia

ckmofha msysá —yQiagka fn!oaO úydrh˜ m%uqL;ajfhys,d

we.hSu w;sYhska u jà' ta wka ljrla ksidj;a fkdj"

cd;Hka;r O¾u m%pdrl lghq;= fjkqfjka iqÿiqlï j,ska

ieÿï,;a" O¾uOr" úkhOr" iqfmaCI," YsCIdldó W;=ï i`.

mrmqrla Ydik udul;ajfhka W;=ï jQ f.!;u Y%S iïud iïnqÿ

iiqkafl;g odhdo lrkakg ux fm;a újr lr fokakg fï

W;=ï mqKHN+ñh uy;a msájy,la jQ ksidfjks'

wefußldfõ m%Odk ix>kdhl" f,dia wekac,Sia O¾u

úch úydrfha úydrdêm;s wdpd¾h w;sf.!rjd¾y j,afmd,

mshkkao kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia;a" w;a;k.,a,

Y%S wryka; rdcuyd úydrh" wefußldfõ yQiagka fn!oaO

úydrh" ;dhsjdkfha m%:u f:arjdo fn!oaO úydrh hk

úydrhkays úydrdêm;s" wefußldfõ f,dia wekac,Sia O¾u

úch fn!oaO úydrfha f,aLldêldÍ" iSkd§ isõ fldarkdhl ufydamdOHdh wdpd¾h w;sf.!rjd¾y

mkaks, Y%S wdkkao kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia;a tlaj

j¾I 1978 § wefußldfõ Èh;a l< O¾u m%pdrl lghq;af;a

;j;a tla m%;sM,hla jYfhka yQiagka fn!oaO úydrh wdrïN

lrkakg jgd msgdj ilia úKs'

ta wkqj" ffjoH nkaÿ, úfca ue;s;=ukaf.a;a" Ydka;skS

úfca ue;skshf.a;a fm!oa.,sl Ok mß;Hd.hka u; ,nd .;a

bvul msUqrem;a ieliQ yQiagka fn!oaO úydrh" j¾I 1988

§ i`. i;= fldg mQcd flrefKa wefußldfõ bÈlrk ,o

isõjk úydria:dkh fukau ngysr wefußldfõ bÈl< m%:u

úydria:dkh f,i o wNsfiia ,nñKs'

Èk i;s j,g fmrdjdih újD; lrkq

,enQfha wefußldfõ m%Odk ix>kdhl" f,dia wekac,Sia O¾u

úch úydrfha úydrdêm;s wdpd¾h w;sf.!rjd¾y j,afmd,

mshkkao kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia;a" w;a;k.,a,

Y%S wryka; rdcuyd úydrh" wefußldfõ yQiagka fn!oaO

úydrh" ;dhsjdkfha m%:u f:arjdo fn!oaO úydrh hk

úydrhkays úydrdêm;s" wefußldfõ f,dia wekac,Sia O¾u

úch fn!oaO úydrfha f,aLldêldÍ" iSkd§ isõ fldarkdhl ufydamdOHdh wdpd¾h w;sf.!rjd¾y

mkaks, Y%S wdkkao kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia m%Odk

f.!rjKSh jQ uydi`.rejkf.a jevu lsÍfuks'

wm uyd Ydka;s kdhlhdKka jykafiaf.a w;sW;a;u

jQ ioyï mKsúvh f,dj oi; f.k hdfï Wodr;r

l¾;jHhl kshef,ñka" Y%S ,dxflah wNsudkh o iu`.ska

fu;rï wkNsnjkSh .ukla hdug yQiagka fn!oaO úydrfha

id¾:l;ajhg Wr ÿka w;sf.!rjd¾y mkaks, Y%S wdkkao kdhl

iajdókaøhdKka jykafia m%Odk yQiagka fn!oaO úydr ix.ufha

iNdm;s uydpd¾h f.!rjd¾y niakdf.dv rdyq," Ydia;%dpd¾h

lUqrd.,af,a kkao" Ydia;%m;s l=rj,dfka isß iSj,S" úchmqr

m[a[dkkao hk iajdókaøhdKka jykafia,df.a Ydiksl

fiajdj o fuys§ uy;a f.!rj fmr±ßj isysm;a l< hq;=j

we;'

nqoaêl ixcSj

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fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016 43


kaøsh

ixjrh

;rï

iqjhla

fjk

fldhskao@

isf;a iekiqu

Tn


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fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016 45


fu;a;djf,dalkh

b;d,shg'''

b;d,sfha fjfrdakd kqjr uyd úydria:dkfha oS'''

b;d,sfha ñ,dfkda kqjr ,xldrdu úydria:dkfha oS'''

—fu;a;djf,dalkh˜ udisl fn!oaO i`.rdj" kùk;u

;dCIKsl l%ufõohka yd uqiqj cd;Hka;r m%ñ;sfhka hqla;j

jvd;a yrj;aj" O¾udkql+,j udiam;d tr;akfha mQ¾K wjjdo wkqYdikd

uOHfha h'

foaYShj fukau cd;Hka;rfha o mq`M,a jHdma;shla

iys;j fkdñ,fha u fnodyßkq ,nk —fu;a;djf,dalkh˜

udisl fn!oaO i`.rdj" úfoaYhkays msysá Y%S ,xld ;dkdm;s

ld¾hd," uyflduidßia ld¾hd, yd Y%S ,dxlslhkaf.a ix.ï

fj; fukau" úfoia rgj, jev jdih lrkq ,nkakd jQ m%Odk

ix>kdhl iajdókaøhdKka jykafia,dg yd wfkl=;a Y%S ,dxlSh

úydria:dk fj; iy Y%S ,xldfõ úfoia.; Y%S ,dxlslhkaf.a

ix.ufha ,shdmÈxÑ ù we;s hqfrdamh" wefußldj" ueofmrÈ.

we;=`M úfoia rgj,A /il fjfik Y%S ,dxlslhka fndfyda

msßilg PDF ;dCIKh Tiafia iEu uilu B-fï,a lr yßkq

,efí'

ta wkqj" b;du;a flá ld,hl § hqfrdamh mqrd fnfyúka

ckm%sh jQ —fu;a;djf,dalkh˜ udisl fn!oaO i`.rdj"

fuf;la wka;¾cd,h Tiafia lshjQ hqfrdamfha fjfik iyDo

mdGlhkag uqøs; msgm;a jYfhka ,nd §u ks, jYfhka miq.

shod isÿ flßKs'

hqfrdamdlrfha Y%s ,dxlslhka jeä u msßila fjfik

b;d,sfhka ,o wdrdOkdjla u; b;d,sh n,d .sh

fu;a;djf,dalkfha ks¾ud;D" iNdm;s yd m%Odk l¾;D nqoaêl

ixcSj uy;d b;d,sfha fn%Ishd kqjr msysá fn%Ishd fn!oaO

úydrfha úydrdêm;s w;sf.!rjd¾y jf;da., Oïñl kdhl

iajdókaøhdKka jykafiag —fu;a;djf,dalkh˜ udisl fn!oaO

b;d,sfha fn%Ishd kqjr fn!oaO úydria:dkfha oS'''

i`.rdj b;d,sh i`oyd ks, jYfhka mQcd lf


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fu;a;djf,dalkh I foieïn¾ I 2016 47


fu;a;djf,dalkfha ks¾ud;D" iNdm;s fukau m%Odk l¾;D nqoaêl ixÔj jk ud úiska fu;a;djf,dalk fn!oaO m%ldYk uOHia:dkfha m%ldYkhla jYfhka j¾I 2016 foieïn¾

ui 10 fjksod le,Ksh" o`M.u" mrK kqjr mdf¾" wxl 382 orK ia:dkfha msysá —iS wekaâ ã m%skag¾ia˜ uqøKd,fhka uqøKh lr fufia m%isoaO lrk ,È'

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