thelitcham 2012 sep.pdf - IslamOnSite

islamonsite.com

thelitcham 2012 sep.pdf - IslamOnSite

09

14

20

Nq≠p-hn-c¬

a°-bn¬ ]nd-°s´

]pXp-bpKw

08 kønZv ap\-∆-den inlm_v

IhnX

22

41 23

45

tdmlny, Bkmw, kn≥Pn-bmMv

tXm°n≥Ipg-ense Pohn-X-߃

sImt´-j≥

apkm-^n¿

IpSpw_ sXfn®w

apkvenw kzXzw;

NneXp ]d-bmsX hø

\nkmw sNΩmSv

ss_t\m-°p-e¿

Zpc¥w {]l-k-\-ambn

Bh¿Øn-°p∂p

\hmkv \nkm¿

No^v FUn-‰¿:

tUm.- _-lm-D-±o≥ apl-ΩZv \Zvhn

]w‡n-Iƒ

04. hm-b-\-°m-cpsS CS-s]-S¬

07. Ipdn∏v

08. Nq≠p-hn-c¬

22. IhnX

45. IpSpw_ sXfn®w

47. Imºkv

48. Dd-h-Iƒ

50. ÿm]\ ]cn-Nbw

]pkvXIw: 15, e°w: 9

2012 sk]vXw-_¿/ 1433 i∆m¬

teJ\w

A`n-{]m-b-߃ teJ-I-cp-tSXv.

sXfn®w amknI, Zmdp¬ lpZm Ckvem-anIv bq\n-th-gvkn-‰n, lnZmb \K¿, sNΩm-Sv, ae-∏p-dw, tIc-f, 676306

Hm¨sse≥ FUn-j≥: www.thelitcham.com C˛-sa-bn¬: thelitcham@gmail.com t^m¨: 0494 2463155, 9847333306 ^mIvkv: 0494 2460575

07

26

39

kzX{¥ cmPysØ

Kn\n-∏-£n-Iƒ

apl-ΩZv døm≥

Ncn-{X-sa-gp-Xp∂

ka-hm-Iy-߃

29 Pm_n¿ kn

_Sve lukn¬ am

da-Zm≥ \nemhv

Peo¬ IÆm-´n-∏Sn

34

I\-se-cn-bp∂ tZi-߃

DW¿Øp-∂Xv

tUm. _lm-D-±o≥ \Zvhn

DØ-tc-¥y≥ kq^n-Iƒ

Ncn-{Xw, kmln-Xyw, hym]\w

]n.-sI.Fw Peo¬ lpZhn


sIm≠p\S-t°≠

da-Zm≥ Hm¿a-Iƒ

kndmPv sNΩmSv

k¬]-ß-fnse e≠≥

t\mºp-Im-e-Øn¬ \n∂pw Gsd

AI-se-bm-bn-cp∂p kønZv apCu-

\en inlm_v hc-®n´ da-Zm≥

Nn{Xw. Ckvem-anImN-mcß-sfbpw

A\p-jvTm-\-ß-sfbpw kwi-b-ZrjvSym-

am{Xw ho£n-°p∂ ]m›m-

Xy≥ \mSp-I-fn¬ C{Xbpw l¿j-

Zm-b-Ihpw lrZ-b-kv]¿in-bp-amb

t\mº-\p-`-h-ß-fp-s≠-∂-dn--

Xn¬ AXn-bmb kt¥-jw.

en_-d-enkw aq¿Øo-a-Zv`mhw

]q≠v \n¬°p∂ bp.-sI-bn¬

Ckvem-anIv sFU‚n-‰n Hc-`n-am\

Nn”-ambn sIm≠p-\-S-°m≥ \nhmkn-Iƒ

ImWn® B¿÷-h-Øns‚

^e-am-bn´v thWw CXns\

ImWm≥ . apkvenw ]mc-º-cy-

Øns‚ IpØI Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp∂

tIc-f-Øn¬ t]mepw t\mºp-Xpdbpw

XpS¿∂p≈ `£W

kwkvIm-c-hp-sa√mw B`m-k-°q-

Ømb _pt^ knÃ-Øn\v h-gn-amdn-b-t∏mƒsIm≠pw-sIm-Sp-Øpap≈

ss]XrIw I\n-t-Inb

t\mºp-Xpd coXn XpS¿∂p-t]mcp∂

e≠≥ Gsd amXrIm

tbmKyw Xs∂-bm-Wv.

A√-nepw Nn¥m-ti-jn-bp-≈-

4

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

hmb-\-°m-cpsS CS-s]-S¬

h¿°n-S-bn¬Ckvem-an-Im-\p-jvSm-\ß-fpsS X\-Xp-co-Xn-Iƒ°v Gsd

hne-bmWv. a\- n-em-°m\pw

Dƒs°m-≈m-\p-ap≈ hnim-e-a-\mWv

e≠-t\m¿Ω-bn¬ Pzen®v

\n¬°p- -∂-Xv. ]m›m-Xy-hXvI-c-Wsa∂v

\mw Hma-\-t∏-cn-´p-hn-fn-°p∂

kmwkvIm-cnI kwL-´\w \ΩpsS

C´m-h-´-ß-fn¬ XIr-Xn-bmbn \S-

°p-tºmƒ AhnsS \S-°p∂

Ckvem-am-t«-j-Øns‚ A\p-`-hß-ƒ]p-sh-°-s∏-tS-≠-Xp-X-s∂bm-Wv.

hnS-sNm-√mØ

hnclw

\nkm-ap-±o≥.-kn.]n

""th¿]n-cn-bm≥ am{Xw H∂n-®p-

Iq-Sn\mw'' hmbn-°p-tºmƒ AIsØ-hn-sStbm

sImf-Øn-h-en-°p-

∂Xv t]mse. teJ\w hmbn®v

Xo¿∂-t∏m-tg°pw a\- n¬ Hcp

\qdp-hn-c-l-Nn-{X-߃ sXfn-p-am-

p. Hcp-]mSp Cud-\-Wn angnbn-W-Iƒ

Hm¿a-bn¬ HmSnsb-Øn.

As∂mcp Znhkw BZy-ambn

Zo¿L-bm-{X-°mbn ho´n¬ \n∂pw

]Sn-bn-d-ßp-tºmƒ Benw-K-\-_-≤-

\mbn ]nXmhv s]mgn® NpSp-I-

Æo¿ aq¿≤m-hn¬ hoW-t∏mƒ

A\p-`-hn® Icƒ ]nS-®n-ens‚

thZ\ Hcn-°¬ IqSn A\p-`-h-s∏-

Sp-∂Xv t]mse.

hm°p-I-fpsS Iq´ntem k¿Kmfl-I-X-bpsS

sI´ntem ]nSn-®p-sh-

°m-\m-hmØ Hc-hmNy Xo{h-hn-Imc-amWv

Hmtcm hnS-th-f-I-fpw.

Nne¿ AXp-I-c-p-Xo¿°pw. a‰p-

Nn-e¿ AXp-≈n-sem-Xp°pw.

k¿Km-fl-I-X-bp-≈-hs‚ hnc-lth-

Z\ \mem-f-dnbpw. A\p-hm-N-Icpw

Bkzm-Z-Icpw Hscm-‰-izm-k-Øn¬

icn-sh-°pw... Fs‚ a\ v hmbns®-gp-Xn-b

t]mse∂v F√m-hcpw

BW-bn-Spw... hnc-lw CsXm∂pw

hI-sh-°msX ]pXnb Cc-Isf

tXSn-b-e-bpw...

C˛CSs]S¬: thelitcham@gmail.com

AXn`mhpI-Xz-an-√mØ hnc-lsa-gpØv

Gsd {ia-I-c-amb ZuXyam-Wv.

teJ-I≥ hnP-bn-®-Xp-a-hn-sSbm-Wv.

Xo{h-`m-h-߃ ]IzX

ssIhn-SmsX hnc-Nn-X-am-b-t∏mƒ

hnclw X]n-°p∂ angn-\o¿

apØns‚ at\m-lm-cnX D≠m-bncp∂p

AXn-\v.

hn`h an\m-chpw

ImØv

\qdp-±o≥.-tamßw

Cu IsØ-gp-Xp-tºmƒ

Hcn°¬ im¥-amb Bkmw

ho≠pw ]pIp-sIm≠ncn-°p-Ibm-Wv.

teJ-I≥ Iem-]-Øns‚

tIc-tf-Xc at\m-`mhw hni-Zo-I-cn-

®-t∏mƒ ]d-s∂v am{Xw, Aeo-

KUv t\mº-\p-`hpw Xo¿Øpw

Hcmkzm-Z-\-tØm-sS-bmWv hmbn-®p-

Xo¿∂-Xv. Hc-\p-`-hsØ Np‰n-∏‰n

\n¬°msX da-Zm≥ XpS°w

apX¬ s]cp-∂mƒ BtLmjw

hsc \o≠p-\n¬°p∂ A\p-`-h-

°q-´p-Iƒ hb-dn¬ InS∂p Ipc-®p-

Nm-Sp∂ ]´n-Wn-bpsS \h-hm-b-

\°v Hcp apX¬°q´mbn amdn-bn-cn-

°p-∂p.

Hcp apkvenw Imº-kn¬

\n∂p≈ A\p-`-h-߃ hfsc

imkv{Xo-b-amb CS-s]-S-ep-I-fneqsS

Imº-kp-Iƒ°v amXr-

Ibmhpw hn[w sIms≠-Øn-°psa∂v

Npcp-°w. Nne `£-W-£m-aß-sfm-gn-®m¬

F√mw B\-µ-am-

Wv. bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-bpsS A°m-ZanI

cwKw t]mepw t\mºn-\pth≠n

{Ia-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv Hcp P-

\m-[n-]Xy cmjv{S-Øn¬ \S-∏n¬

hcp-Øm≥ km[n-°p-sa-∂-dn-bp-∂-

Xn¬ hmb-\-°m¿°v Gsd

kt¥mjw ]I-cp∂ Imcy-am-Wv.

Fnepw ]´nWn InS-°¬ Hcp

Iem-]-am-Wv. AXv ian-°-W-sa-

n¬ aKvcn_ns‚ _msm-en-

Iƒ°v ImØn-cn-°-Ww. {]tXy-


hmb-\-°m-cpsS CS-s]-S¬

C˛CSs]S¬: thelitcham@gmail.com

In®v Imº-kn¬ Ignp IqSp-∂h¿°v

t\mºv ]co-£-W-Im-e-L-´am-Wv.

Ch-sb√mw Iq´n°pd-°ptºmƒ

Aeo-KUv kz¿K-am-hp-∂p.

{hXhnip≤w Cu

Iem-e-bm-\p-`hw...

Fw.-F≥.]n Xpd-°¬

"iAv_m≥ Ah-km\ sh≈nbmgvN

Ppap-A°v tijw kzm`m-hn-

I-ambpw Hc-dn-bn∏v tIƒ°mw.

""PpapA Ignv Bcpw t]mI-cp-

Xv.d-a-Zm-\p-ambn _‘-s∏´v Nne-Imcy-߃

N¿®-sN-øm-\p≠v.'' A∂pap-X¬

F®v.-kn.-bp-hn¬ t\mºp-Xp-

S-ßn. amk-∏n-d-hn-°p-th≠n

ImØp-\n¬°msX...'' sslZ-cm-

_mZv sk≥{S¬ bqWn-th-gvkn-‰nbnse

Bflo-b-`m-h-ß-fpsS t\¿hc-bm-bn-cp∂p

inlm-_p-±o≥ ]≈n-

∏p-d-Øns‚ ""AØm-ghpw tXSn

bm{Xbpw `qtemI N¿®-Ifpw''.{hX

hnip-≤n-bpsS ka{K`mh-

߃ \ng-en® ^o®¿ lrZyhpw

at\m-l-c-hp-am- -bn-cp-∂p. Imºkns‚

Bflob kuc`yw

Bthmfw Dƒs°m≠ ^o®¿

Iem-e-b-Øns‚ {]IrXn kuc-

`yhpw hiy-ambn hnh-cn-°p-∂p-≠v.

PpapA am{Xw \S-°p∂

temIsØ GI Ppap-AØp ]≈n

]pXn-sbm-c-dn-hm-bn-cp∂p. F®v.kn.bphns\

Ipdn®pw Ahn-SsØ

Imºkv hnti-jßsf Ipdn®pw

hninjym t\mºp-Ime Imºkns\

Ipdn®pw hnh-c®p X∂

inlm-_n\pw sXfn®w amkn-

I°pw Hcm-bncw A`n-\-µ-\-߃.

C\nbpw CØcw hyXy-kvX-amb

cN-\-Iƒ {]Xo-£n-°p-∂p.

Jp¿-B≥ hmb\

Hcp s]mfn-s®-gpØv

ssdlm≥ tIm-gn-t°mSv

C≥{KnUv am‰-k¨ F∂

Ata-cn-°-bnse {]ikvX apkvenw

C^vXm-dns‚ ZAvhm amXr-I-Iƒ

keow sI.]n ]mMv

ap\o¿ amhq-cns‚ sP.-F≥.bp t\mº-\p-`hw Gsd lrZy-am-bn-cp-

∂p. atX-Xc C¥y-bpsS Iem-e-b- k¬]-߃°v amXr-I-bmhpw

hn[w kwkvIm-c-ß-fpsS sshhn-[y-ßsf ka-©-k-ambn ktΩ-fn-∏n®

sP.-F≥.-bp-hn-se t\mº-\p-`hw Gsd {]Xo-£bpw Bizm-khpw

\¬Ip-∂-Xm-Wv. da-Zm≥ t]mse hninjvS aplq¿Ø-ß-fn-eqsS

Ckvem-anI BNmc A\p-jvSm-\-ßsf CXc aXhnizm-kn-Iƒ°v a\n-em-°p-hm≥

Gsd klm-b-I-am-hp-∂p-≠v. CØcw C^v-Xm-dp-I-fn¬

]-s-SpØv ]e Aapkvenw kplr-Øp-°fpw t\mº-\p-jvSn-°p-hm\pw

AXns‚ Btcm-Ky-]-c-amb KpW-߃ a\- n-em-°p-hm\pw apt∂m-´ph∂p

F∂Xv Gsd {it≤-b-am-Wv.-]m-›m-Xym-\p-I-c-W-߃ henb

tXmXn¬ \S-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ CXp-t]m-ep≈ Iem-e-b-ß-fn¬

\n∂pw CØcw ip`-I-c-amb hm¿Ø-Iƒ tIƒ°p-∂Xv apkvenw-

Iƒt°sd A`n-am\w ]I-cp∂ hkvXp-X-bm-Wv.

A°m-U-ao-jy-bpsS {KŸsØ

ap≥\n-¿Øn ]m›m-Xy≥ A°m-ZanIv

{]X-e-ß-fn¬ \S-Øp∂

A]chXvI-c-W-ßsf Xpd-∂p-Im-

Wn® sI.-A-ivd-^ns‚ _pIv

dnhyq Gsd {it≤-b-am-Wv. {]Xntema-I-c-ambn

Jp¿-Bs\ hmbn-

°p-Ibpw kzm¿Xz-X-tbm-sSbpw

kp-Nn-X-hpam-bn am{Xw Jp¿-

Bs\ bqtdm-]y≥ `mj-I-fn-te°v

`mjm-¥-cw \S-Øp-Ibpw

sNbvXmWv ]Sn-mdpw Hmdnb‚

ven-Ãp-Ifpw Jp¿-Bs\ kao-

]n-®-Xv. hsfm-s®m-Sn-®p≈ hymJym-

\-ßsf sIm≠pw ]cn-`m-j-Isf

sIm≠pw Jp¿-Bs‚ ]hn-{X-Xsb

If-p-Ip-fn°p∂ kao-]-\-amWv

Ah¿ CXn-eqsS e£o-I-cn-°p-∂-

Xv. CØcw Bi-b-K-Xn-Iƒ°p-]pdsa

Jp¿-B≥ ssZho-I-amb

{KŸ-a-s√∂v ÿm]n®v ss__nfns‚

B[n-Im-cn-I-Xsb Db¿Øn-

∏n-Sn-t°≠ ZuXyhpw Ah¿°p-

≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Cß-s\-bp≈ hmZ-K-

Xn-Isf \ncp-’m-l-s∏-Sp-Øns°m≠v

]mc-º-cy-ambn CkvemanI

kaqlw sIm≠m-Sn-t∏m∂

BNm-c-io-e-ßsf _e-s∏-Sp-

Øp∂XmWv Cu {KŸw F∂-

XmWv CXns‚ {]tXy-I-X. ]mc-ºcy-Øns‚

DØa ioe-߃°v

bmYm-ÿn-IXzw I¬]n-°-s∏-Sp-

∂p-s≠-nepw ]m›m-Xy-k-aq-l-

Øn¬ \n∂p-ap≈ {]Xn-I-c-Wßfpw

B Zni-bn-te°v amdp-∂-

Xns‚ kqN-\-bm-WnXv. Jp¿-Bs\

Ipdn-®p≈ ]g-bXpw \ho-\-hp-amb

F√m N¿®-I-sfbpw kΩn-{i-ambn

kwtbm-Pn-∏n®v ]ptcm-K-a-\-Øns‚

]pØ≥ kqtcym-Z-ßsf s\©n-te-

‰p∂ B[p-\nI A°m-Z-anIv

temI-Øns‚ ssk≤m-¥nI Zp»m-

Ty-߃°p≈ Hcp {]Xn-tcm-[-

Øns‚ `mK-ambn°qSn \ap-°n-

Xns\ hne-bn-cp-Øm-\m-hpw. Cßs\-bp≈

Ckvem-anI AIm-Z-anI

temIsØ kPoh N¿®-Isf aebmfn

apkvens‚ s]mXpafi-e-

Ønepw N¿®-bm-°n-b-Xn∂v

sXfn®w amkn-I°pw teJ-I\pw

AWn-bd in¬]n-Iƒ°pw A`n-\-

µ-\-߃. C\nbpw CØ-c-ap≈

`uXnI N¿®-Iƒ°v CSw \¬I-

W-sa∂ A`y¿∞-\-tbmsS.

kzX{¥ `mcXw ;

Nne hkvXp-X-Iƒ

Fw.-sI.Xr-°-cn-∏q¿

t]gvk-Wm-en‰n sUh-e-

]vsa‚ns‚ BNm-cy\mb inhv

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 5


tJsc Xs‚ ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ D≤cn-°p∂

ck-I-c-amb Hcp IYbp≠v.

C¥y-bn-sebpw C‰-en-bnsebpw

c≠v a{¥n-am-cpsS IY.

C‰-en-bn¬ kµ¿i\w \S-Ønb

C¥y≥ a{¥nsb C‰m-en-b≥ a{¥n

kzoI-cn-®m-\-bn-®Xv kz¥w ho´nte-°m-bn-cp-∂p.

\Zo XocØv Xebp-b¿Øn

\n¬°p∂ cay l¿aw.

AXym-[p-\nI kuI-cy-ß-tfm-sSbp≈

a{¥n `h\w I≠v Xcn®v

\n∂ C¥y≥ a{¥n°v CX-ßs\

H∏n®p F∂-dn-bm-\m-bn-cp∂p

BImw£. \Zn°v IpdsI

sI´nb ]me-Øn-te°v hnc¬

Nq≠n ]p©n-cn®v sIm≠v C‰m-enb≥

a{¥n ]dp: B ImWp∂

]me-Øns‚ ]Øv iX-am-\-amWv

Fs‚ Cu hoSv. C‰-en-°m-cs‚

kma¿∞ysØ a\- m-\-an®v,

X\n°nsX¥v sIm≠v aptº

tXm∂n-bn-s√∂v kzbw i]n®v

C¥y≥ a{¥n \m´n-te°v Xncn®p

h∂p. ]nt‰ h¿jw C‰m-en-b≥

a{¥n C¥y≥ kµ¿i-\-Øn\v

h∂p. bap\m \ZoXocsØ Aw_c-Npw-_n-bmb

sIm´m-c-Øn-te-

°mWv a{¥n B\-bn-°-s∏-´-Xv.

cmP-Io-b-amb kzoI-c-W-Øns‚bpw

BXn-Yy-Øn-s‚bpw

ho¿∏p-ap-´n-°-sem-gn--t∏mƒ

C‰m-en-b-≥ a{¥n Xs‚ Iu≠¿

]m¿´ns‚ sNhn-bn¬ Hcp

kwibw sas√ samgn-p:

Fßs\ km[n®p CXv?

C‰-en-°m-cs\ hoSns‚ kn‰u-

´n-te°v B\-bn®v bap\m \ZnbpsS

A\-¥-X-bn-te°v hnc¬

Nq≠n \ΩpsS a{¥n]pwK-h≥

tNmZn-®p: \Zn-bn-semcp ]mew

ImWp-∂pt≠m?

Bgv∂pw Nqgv∂pw t\m°nbn´pw

C‰-en-°m-c≥ ]mew am{Xw

I≠n-√. ""Rm≥ H∂pw ImWp-∂n-

√t√m'' Abmƒ \n -lm-b-XtbmsS

ssIa-e¿Øn. apJØv Hcp

Iui-e-®ncn ^n‰vsNbvX a{¥n

{]Xn-h-Nn-®p: ""H∂pw ImWp-∂n√

6

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

hmb-\-°m-cpsS CS-s]-S¬

At√? Fßs\ ImWm-\mWv, B

]me-Øns‚ \qdp-i-X-am-\-am-Wv

Fs‚ Cu sIm´m-cw''.

\ΩpsS amXr-cmPyw kzmX{¥y

e_vZn-bpsS Adp-]-Øn-b©mw

hm¿jnIw sIm≠mSp∂ thf-bn¬

Akp-J-I-c-amb Cu IY ho≠pw

A\p-kva-cn-t°≠n hcp-∂Xv Xo¿®bmbpw

tJZ-I-c-am-Wv. ]q¿∆ kqcn-

I-fmb [oc tZim-`n-am-\n-Iƒ

kz¥w Icƒc‡w \¬In

t\SnsbSpØv kzmX-{¥y-Øns‚

]f-∏n¬ Hcp cmPysØ Xs∂

sIm≈-b-Sn-°m≥ Hcp-sº-Sp∂

ssh‰vtImf¿ cmjv{So-b-°m-cpsSbpw

DtZymK˛Zpjv {]`p-°-fp-sSbpw

ImeØv kzX{¥yØns‚

A¿∞hpw A¿∞-t°Spw

]p\¿hm-b-\°v hnt[-b-am-°p-∂Xv

DNn-X-am-bn-cn-°pw. A[n-\n-th-i-hncp≤

t]mcm-´-ß-fpsS CXn-lmk

Ncn-{X-Øn¬ km∂n[yw AS-bm-fs∏-Sp-Ønb

{]i-kvXcpw A{]-ikvX-cp-amb

ap≥Km-an-Iƒ kz]v\w

I≠ C¥ybpw h¿Ø-am-\-Ime

C¥ybpw XΩn-ep≈ A¥cw,

A√-n¬ Km‘n-b-psS C¥ybn¬

\n∂v tamUnbpsS C¥y-bn-te-

°p≈ Zqcw Af-°p-∂Xv `oI-camb

Hc-\p-`-h-am-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v

Xo¿®.

temIw apgp-h≥ Dd-ßn-°n-S-°p-

hnc-l-Øn≥ thZ\

\u^¬ Xpd-°¬

C˛CSs]S¬: thelitcham@gmail.com

tºmƒ C¥y Hcp ]pXnb {]`m-X-

Øn-te°v DW¿s∂-gp-t∂¬°p-Ibm-sW-∂mWv

1947 HmKÃv ]Xn-\mens‚

A¿≤-cm{Xn-bn¬ cm-PysØ

A`n-kw-t_m-[\ sNbvXpsIm≠v

cmjv{S in¬]n-bmb Ph-l¿em¬

s\lvdp Xs‚ IhnØw \nd

{]kw-K-Øn¬ ]dXv.

bYm¿∞-Øn¬ s\lvdp-hn\v kw`hn®

hkvXp-Xm-]-c-amb ]ni-Im-bncp∂p

B {]tbm-Kw. temI-Øns‚

hen-sbmcp `mKw Ccp-fns‚ aqSp-]-

S-a-Wnv InS-∂p-d-ß-I-bm-bn-cp-

∂n√, adn®v \´p-®-bpsS NqSn¬

DW¿∂n-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

\£{X im]-Øn¬ \n∂v c£-s∏-

Sm≥ tPm¬ky-∑m¿ \¬Inb

\n¿tZ-i-amWv \mkvXn-I\pw \n¿a-

X-\p-am-bn-cp∂ s\lvdp-hns‚

t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ k¿°m-dns\

t{]cn-∏n-®-Xv F∂v sUman-\nIv

em]n-bdpw emcn-tIm-fnwkpw XßfpsS

hnJym-X-amb ""kzmX{¥yw

A¿≤-cm-{Xn-bn¬'' F∂

{KŸØn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p≠.v

]s£, A¿≤ cm{Xn-bn¬ A[n-Imc-Øns‚

IpS-]n-Sn-®n´pw tPm¬ky-

∑m¿ {]h-Nn® \£{Xim]w Hgn-

p-t]m-bn-´n-s√-∂-Xn\v Bd-c-]-Xn-

‰m-≠ns‚ kzmX-{¥ym-\-¥c

Ncn{Xw km£n.

Aen-l-k≥ Aº-e-°-≠n-bpsS hnS-°-hn-X-Iƒ hncm-lm¿{Z-am-bn-cp-

∂p. hm°p-I-fn-√mØ hnc-l-th-Z-\sb AXn-a-t\m-l-c-ambn \n¿∆-Nn-°p-

∂ Ihn-X, ZpxJ km{µ-amb bm{X-b-b-∏ns‚ Xo{h-X-tbm-sS-bmWv

s]bvXn-d-ßp-∂-Xv.

hnS ]d-bp-tºmƒ DW-°m-\n´ Hm¿a-Iƒ ag \\bpw apºv FSp-Øpsh-°m≥

Hm¿an-∏n-°p-∂p≠v kplr-Øv.

kvt\ln-Xm.... am∏v

\n߃ hnS tNmZn-®n-dßpw aptº angn-\o¿ ag-bn¬ AsX√mw \\®p

IpXn¿Ø-Xn-\v.

Fnepw Rß-fXv kq£n®p sh®n-´p-≠v. \\hp h‰mØ \nß-fpsS

B¿{Z kvac-W-Iƒ°m-bv.


Ipdn∏v

tUm.- _-lm-D-±o≥ apl-ΩZv \Zvhn

I\-se-cn-bp∂ tZi-ß-ƒ Ckvem-anI

temIsØ DW¿Øp-∂-Xv.

aX-tZz-jhpw hwi-shdnbpw Ckvem-an-s\bpw ]Sn-m-dn-s\bpw c≠p- hn-`n∂ tNcn-I-fn¬

{]Xn-jvTn-°p-∂-XmWv 1979se Cdm≥ hnπ-h-sØ-Øp-S¿∂p≈ Ckvem-anI temI-Øns‚

cmjv{Sob Ncn{Xw sXfn-bn-°p-∂-Xv. Ata-cn-°-bp-sSbpw kn¬_-¥n-I-fp-sSbpw cl-kym-t\z-j-W

hn`m-K-߃ aptJs\ temIØv cq]-s∏-Sp∂ hwi-sh-dn-bpsS kwkvIm-c-Øn\v ssk≤m-¥nI

`mjyw ]I¿∂p-\¬In 1990-I-fn-¬ cq]-s∏´ kmap-h¬.]n.l-≠nw-KvS-Wns‚ kmkvIm-cnI kwL-´-

\-hm-Z-߃ AØcw th¿Xn-cn-hns‚ hmZ-߃°v B°w Iq´p-∂-Xm-bn. CØcw ap\-Iq¿∏n® hmZap-J-߃

\nc-ØnbmWv Ckvemw `oXn F∂ AS-hp-\bw cq]-s∏-SpØn temI-am-k-I-e-hp-ap≈

apkvenw P\-hn-`m-K-ß-sfbpw A]-cn-jvIr-X-cmbn ap{Z-Ip-Øp-hm\pw XX-\p-kr-X-ambn Ah-cpsS

]uc-Xz-\n-tj-[-Øn-\p-hsc hgn-sbm-cp°n \c-I-Xpey Pohn-X-Øn-te°v X≈nhn-Sm\pw Imc-W-am-b-

Xv.

Cß-s\-bp≈ hwiob hntZz-j-Øns‚ F°m-e-sØbpw Cc-I-sf∂v temI-am-[y-a-ßfpw

D∂X At\z-jW kan-Xn-Ifpw hne-bn-cp-Ønb c≠p kaq-l-ß-fmWv Ime-ß-tfmfw Ahn-`‡

_wKm-fns‚ `mK-ambn Pohn-°p-Ibpw ]n¬°m-eØv `mjm-]-chpw cmjv{So-b-]-c-hp-amb Imc-Wß-fm¬

hn`-Pn-X-am-hp-Ibpw sNbvX aym∑¿ kaq-l-Ønse tdmln-y≥ kaq-lhpw Bkm-anse

apkvenw-Ifpw. kmaq-ln-I-amb A[o-i-Xzm-h-I-i-ß-fpsSbpw aX-]-c-am-bp≈ `qcn-]-£m-hÿbpsSbpw

Nph-Sp-]n-Sn-®mWv Ahn-S-ß-fnse `c-W-Iq-S-Øn-s‚bpw kpc-£m-hn-`m-K-Øn-s‚bpw

{]Xy-£hpw ]tcm-£-hp-amb ]n¥p-W-tbmsS t_mtUm hwi-Pcpw ISpØ bmYm-ÿn-I-cmb

_p≤-`n-£p-°fpw \S-Øp∂ AXn-{I-a-߃. kam-[m-\-sØbpw `oI-c-sXbpw Ipdn-®p≈ BtKmf

\n¿h-N\w Ckvem-ambn ]cn-W-an-®-Xns‚ ^e-amWv bqtdm-]y≥ sXcp-hpI-fnepw a‰pw apkvenw-

Iƒs°-Xnsc \S-am-Sp∂ ISpØ A\o-Xnbpw A{I-ahpw kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. t_mtUm-em‚pw

aym∑dpw X\n-k-p-NnX hmZØns‚ c≠p- C-S-ß-fmbn Npcp-ßn-b-Xns‚ _o`¬k- Nn-{X-ß-fmWv

CXn-eqsS sX-fn-p-h-cp-∂-Xv. CXn-\nsS am[y-a-߃ I≠n-s√∂v \Sn® as‰m-cm{I-aWw ssNv\bpsS

apkvenw-I-fmb DbnKq¿ hwi-P¿s°-Xn-scbpw \S-°p-∂p-≠v.- {h-Xm-\p-jvSm-\-Øn-\p≈

kzmX-{¥yw l\n-®p-sIm-≠mWv `c-W-IqSw Ah¿s°-Xnsc hmtfm-ßp-∂-Xv. GXm-bn-cp-∂mepw

CØcw \c-l-Xy-Iƒ°v t\sc BtKmf am[ya kaq-lhpw ]uc-`-c-W-IqS kaq-l-ßfpw

]pe¿Øp∂ AXn-`o-I-c-amb au\-am-Wn-hnsS `b-∏m-Sp-≠m-°p-∂-Xv. am{X-a√, Ckvem-anI kaq-l-

Øn¬ \n∂v Nne-H-‰-s∏´ i_vZ-a-√msX H∂pw ]pd-Øp-h-cp-∂n-√ F∂Xpw Gsd {it≤-b-am-Wv.

anUn-eo-Ãnse cmjv{Sob Imep-jy-߃ hnX® hnj-a-hr-Ø-Øn¬ Xcm-Xcw D®-tIm-Sn-Iƒ kwL-

Sn-∏n®pw ]m›m-Xy≥ cmjv{Sob t\Xr-Xz-hp-ambn IqSn-bm-tem-N\ \S-Ønbpw BtLm-j-am-°nb

Ad_v cmjv{So-bm-[n-Im-cn-I-ƒ ]pe¿Øp∂ \n w-K-X-Iƒ Ccp-f-S- Ckvem-anI kaq-l-Øns‚

`mhn-bnse `mbm-i--I-fn-te-°mWv hnc¬ Nq≠p-∂-Xv. Ckvem-anI kaq-l-Øns‚ GIm-fl-I-amb

AJ-fi-Xbpw sFIyhpw am{Xta Cu ]oVnX apkvenw kaq-l-Øn-s‚bpw tim`-\-amb

`mhnsb \n¿W-bn-°pw. IqSp-X¬ At\z-jW kan-Xn-Isf \ntbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xn\p ]Icw

CkvemanI kaq-l-Øn¬ \n∂p≈ B¿÷h \ne-]mSn¬ am{Xta Cu ]oVnX t{]Z-i-ß-fnse

apkvenw-Iƒ°pw \ne-\n¬]p-≈q.

vc@dhiu.info

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 7


8

Nq≠p-hn-c¬

kønZv ap\-∆-den inlm_v

a°bn¬ ]nd°s´ ]pXpbpKw

a°bn¬ Ign amkw

\S∂ BtKmf apkvenw D®t°mSn°v

]pXnb {]k-‡n-h√Xpapt≠m

F∂v tNmZn®p t]mIp-∂p.

Imc-W-ap-≠v,- H.sF.knbpsSbpw

Ad_v eoKn-s‚bpw Hs]-Int‚Xpw

kuZn-bpsS A_vZp√m

cmPm-hn-t‚-Xp-a-S°w H´-\h[nt]cpsS

t\XrXz-ß-fn¬

\S∂ \mfn-Xp-h-sc-bp≈ temIapkvenw

-Iq-´m-bva-Iƒ Jlvh

IpSn®p]ncn tijw A¤p-Xß-sfm∂pw

ImWn-®n-´n√, temI

apkvenw ]cn-XÿnXnsb

]ptcmbm\ßfnte°p

]cmh¿Øns®Sp°m≥ am{Xw.

Ad_v ]›ntajy≥

cmPyßfn¬ GItZiw Ign

Hcp h¿jØn\nSbn¬ \S∂

Ncn{X]camb am‰Øns‚ Ad_v

hk¥ ams‰menIƒ apgßnbXn\v

tijw, aym≥adnepw C¥ybnse

Bkmanepw ssN\bnse

DbvKqcnepaS°w Ct∏mƒ \S∂p

sIm≠ncn°p∂ apkvenw hncp≤

Iem]߃, G‰hpw

\n¿ÆmbIambn kndnb≥ P\X

_imdp¬ AksZ∂

GIm[n]Xnbn¬ \n∂v tamN\w

sImXn®v \SØp∂ c‡cq£nX

t]mcm´ßƒ; Aßs\

kp{][m\amb ]e LSI߃

sIm≠pw {]k‡hpw

{it≤bhpambncp∂p a°m

D®t°mSn. H.sF.knbpsS

sImSn°qd°v Iogn¬ \n∂v

temIapkvenw kaqlØns‚

]cnXÿnXn°v ]cnlmcw

ImWm\p≈ {]Jym]\߃

apkvenw temIØn\v F{Xam{Xw

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

]pXnb Du¿Phpw C—mi‡nbpw

]I¿∂v \¬Ipsa∂v ImØncp∂v

ImtW≠XmWv.

kndnbbn¬ _im¿

Iq´s°me°v AcnIp\n∂pw,

_lvssd\nepw

kuZnbnepsams° kp∂n˛inbm

{[phoIcWØn\v

\nesamcp°nbpw Ad_v

temIØv Hcp hnaXcq]ambn

amdp∂psh∂nt∏mƒ Btcm]Ww

t\cn´p sIm≠ncn°p∂ Cdm≥

{]knU‚ v AlvaZv

\nPmZns\bS°w apgph≥

apkvenw cmjv{SØeh∑mscbpw

a°bn¬, AXpw ]cnip≤amb

daZm\ns‚ Ahkm\ \mfpIfn¬

Hcpan®ncpØm\mbXn¬ H.sF.kn

hnPbn®ncn°p∂p. Cu IqSnbncn∏v

Bflm¿∞hpw

kZpt±iy]chpamsWn¬ C\n

th≠Xv tbmPn®Xpw C—mi‡n

Ie¿∂Xpamb XpS¿

\S]SnIfmWv. Iem]

ImepjyØnsecnbp∂ apkvenw

kaqlßsf kmºØnIambn

klmbn°m\p≈ Dd® Xocpam\w

ChnsS ssIsIm≠ncn°p∂p;

Ckvem-anIv dneo-^v GP≥knbpw

a‰psams°bp≈

kwcw`IXzØn¬. AXnalØcw

Xs∂.

Ncn{X]camb Hcp

hgnØncnhnemWnt∏mƒ BtKmf

CkvemanI kaqlw. {]tXyIn®pw

Ad_v kaqlw. kpJmk‡cpw

\njv{Inbcpamb Hcp P\X

AXns‚ `mhn`mKt[bw

\n¿Æbn°m≥

DSpsØmcpßnbncn°p∂p, Hcp

i‡n°pw

XSpØp\n¿Øm\mhmØ hn[w

F∂v Ad_v hk¥m\¥c

Ad_n°hn ]mSnbXv t]mse.

{]iv\ IepjnXamb BtKmf

CkvemanI kaqlsØ

ImØpc£n°p∂tXmsSm∏w

Xs∂ C\nsbmcp

ZiIØntet°m ASpsØmcp

cPX h¿j°metØt°m

hy‡amb cmjv{Sob, kmºØnI

t{]mPIv‰v Xs∂ D®t°mSnbn¬

DcpØncnp htc≠Xmbncp∂p;

B¥c ssiYn√yßfn¬ \n∂v

Xo¿Øpw ap‡ambn. AXpw

Bflm¿∞ambn. ]t£

AXp≠mbXmbn´v Adnhmbn´n√.

Hcp P\XbpsS

hnthIhpw Xncn®dnhpw NqjWw

sNbvXv,hk¥Øns‚

Ipfn¿Im‰ns\ Xncn®phnSm≥

]Snmd≥ km{amPyXz

tem_nIƒ sIm≠v]nSn®

{ia߃ Xs∂ \SØp∂p≠v.

\ΩpsS Pm{KX°pdhpIfn¬

]nSn®pIbdn i{Xp°ƒ

hesbdnbp∂Xv

IcpXnbncn°Ww. h¿j߃°v

apºpw CXpt]msemcp a°m

D®t°mSn, A_vZp√m cmPmhns‚

t\XrXzØn¬, Gsd°psd \√

^e߃ krjvSn®ncp∂p.

F∂ment∏mƒ

hnthIs∏´pIgn As√n¬

hnthIw hos≠SpØ Hcp

P\XbpsS t\XrXzw

F¥mbmepw hy‡amb

hnNmcßfpw IrXyamb

AP≠Ifpambn

apt∂m´pt]mIpI Xs∂ th≠n

hcpw.

munvvarr77@gmail.com


{]Xn-I-cWw / tdmlny

`c-W-IqS `oI-c-X-bpsS _q´p-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ sRcn--a-cp∂

tdmln-y¨ apkvenw-I-fpsS \c-I-Po-hn-XsØ BtKmf kaq-l-

Øn-s‚bpw Ckvem-anI temI-Øn-s‚bp ho£-W-߃ \ncØn

hni-I-e\w sNøp-I-bm-Wn-hnsS.

-tdm-lny: `c-W-IqS `oI-c-X-°n-S-bnse

apkvenw Pohn-X-߃

imlp¬ laoZv ]n.Sn sImS-t»cn

kam-[m-\hpw `oI-c-Xbpw

BtKm-f-X-e-Øn¬ hn]-coX -{]-Xyb-ß-fm-sW-nepw

]Sn-mdv

Ahsb \n¿W-bn-®Xv

Ckvemwhntcm-[-Øns‚ t]cn-em-

Wv. Hcp Zi-I-Øn-\p-apºv Ac-tßdnb

sk]vXw-_¿ ]Xn-s\m∂v

B{I-aWw hsc ]m›m-Xy _p≤ntI-{µ-ß-fn¬

cq]-s∏-´Xv `oI-c-

Xbpw Xo{h-hm-Zhpw ad-]n-Sn-®p≈

hmZ-ap-J-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£,

Ata-cn-°bpw kn¬_¥n-Ifpw

IÆn-se-Æ-sbm-gn®v ImØn-cp∂

_n≥em-Z≥ F∂ Hcp ""sImSpw-`o-

I-c''s‚ Xntcm-[m\w ]m›m-Xyi‡nIƒt°¬]n®

BLm-X-

Øns‚ Nph-Sp-]n-Sn-®p≈ hmZ-ß-

fmWv Cubn-sS-bmbn am[y-a-ßfn¬

{]Xy-£-s∏-Sp∂ \pg-p-Ib‰

hmZ-߃. Cß-s\-bmWv

kmº-Øn-Ihpw A[n-Im-chpw

{]IrXn hn`-h-ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏-

´-Xp-amb aym∑¿ apkvenw-I-fpsS

AXn-Po-h-\hpw ]m›m-Xy-cpsS

IÆn¬ Ckvemw `oIcXbmbn

cq]w ]q≠-Xv. hwio-b-X-s°-Xnscbpw

^mjn-k-Øn-s\-Xn-scbpw

hmtXm-cmsX Xpd-∂-Sn-°p∂

]m›m-Xy≥ i‡n-Iƒ°v, CXp

X߃ Ime-ß-fmbn ImØp-sh®

kz]v\-ß-fpsS \nd-km-£m-XvIm-cambn

sIm≠mSm\pw AXn\p

t\¿°p]nSn® am[y-a-°-ÆpIsf

hfsc \nKq-V-ambn ]n¥n-cn-∏n-°p-

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 9


{]Xn-I-cWw / tdmlny

hm\pw Ign--Xv. am{X-a-√, tNcntN-cm

{]ÿm-\-Øn-s‚ h‡m-°sf∂v

]pc-∏p-dØv Ibdn Iqhn-\-S-

∂n-cp∂ C¥y-t]m-ep≈, cmjv{S-߃°v

Hcp sNdp-hn-c¬ A\-°m≥

t]mepw km[n-°mØ hn[w XßfpsS

hcp-Xnbn¬ \n¿Øm\pw

Ah¿°v Ign-p.

tdmlny: Imem-Xn-h¿Ønbmb

]oV\ ]¿∆w

_¿Ω F∂ t]cn¬ Ime-ßtfmfw

Adn-b-s∏-´ aym∑-dns‚ P\kw-Jy-bn¬

\mep iX-am\w

AYhm F´p e£w P\-ßfpƒs°m-≈p∂

Hcp {]_e \yq\-

]£ kap-Zm-b-amWv

tdmlny≥vapkvenw-Iƒ. ]s£,

A\u-tZym-KnI \njv]£ tI{µß-fpsS

IW-°-\p-k-cn-®v HutZym-

KnI IW-°ns‚ c≠n-c-´n-tbm-f-sa-

Øp∂ Hcp P\-hn-`m-K-am-W-h¿.

Ggv, F´v \q‰m-≠p-I-fn¬ Ckvemans‚

{]`h tI{µ-amb Atd-_ybn¬

\n∂v {]t_m-[-\m¿∞w

10

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

\mSp-hn´, I∏¬ tOX-Øns‚

`mK-ambn aym∑-dn¬ IpSn-tb-dn-

∏m¿Ø {]t_m-[-I-cpsS ]n∑p-d-

°mcm-W-h¿. 1970 Iƒ hsc

_¿Ωo kaq-l-Øn¬ Hcp \nb-am-

\p-krX \yq\-]-£-ambn

Kh¨sa‚ v tcJ-I-fn-e-S°w

Ah¿ Xn´-s∏-Sp-Ø-s∏-s´-nepw

1982 ¬ h∂ ]´m-f A-P≠ AhcpsS

\nb-am-\p-krX km∂n[yw

`c-W-L-S-\m-]-c-ambn FSp-Øp-I-fbp-Ibpw

_¿Ω≥ ]uc-Xz-an-√mØ

Hcp kaq-l-ambn {]Jym-]n-

°pIbpw sNbvXtXm-sS-bmWv

Ah¿s°Xnscbp≈ {]Xy-£m-{Ia-W-Øn\v

XpS-°-am-b-Xv. AXn\p

tij-ap≈ PohnXw ISpØ ]co-

£-W-߃°pw ]oV-\-߃°pw

at[y-bmWv Ah¿ X≈n \o°n-b-

Xv. kzmX-{¥ym-\-¥-c-ap≈ _¿ΩbpsS

Ncn-{X-Øn¬ XnI®pw

A{]m-[m\yw I¬]n-°-s∏-´-h-cmbn

Ah¿ amdn. tdml-n-Iƒ _w•mtZin

\pg-p-I-b-‰-°m-cm-sW∂p

BZy-Im-eØv ]´m-f- AP-≠-bp-

1970 Iƒ hsc _¿Ωo kaq-l-Øn¬ Hcp \nb-am-\p-krX \yq\-

]-£-ambn Kh¨sa‚v tcJ-I-fn-e-S°w Ah¿ Xn´-s∏-Sp-Ø-s∏s´-nepw

]n∂oSv Ah-cpsS \nb-am-\p-krX km∂n[yw `c-W-L-S-

\m-]-c-ambn FSp-Øp-I-f-bp-Ibpw _¿Ω≥ ]uc-Xz-an-√mØ Hcp

kaq-l-ambn {]Jym-]n-°pIbpw sNbvXtXm-sS-bmWv

Ah¿s°Xnscbp≈ {]Xy-£m-{I-a-W-Øn\v XpS-°-am-b-Xv.

sSbpw ]ns∂ P\m-[n-]-Xy-

Øns‚bpw ]n¥p-W-bp≈ `c-W-

Iq-S-Øn-s‚ Btcm-]Ww.

Cusbmcp hmZØns‚ ad-]n-Sn-®psIm≠pX-s∂-bm-Wt√m

ASpØ

aym∑¿ {][m-\-a-{¥n-bmbn hmgvØs∏-Sp∂,

ay∑-¿ ]´m-f-ta-[mhn

Ata-cn-°-bp-am-bp-≠m-°nb clky-\o-°-Øns‚

`mK-ambn h¿jß-tfmfw

\o≠p-\n∂ ho´p-X-S-en¬

\n∂p tamNn-X-bmb kam-

[m\ t\ms_¬ tPXmhv

B≥kmMv kqNn, tdmlny≥

apkvenw {]iv\-Øn¬ {]Xn-I-cn-®-

Xv. aym∑dnse apkvenw-I-ƒ ]uc-

Xz-an-√mØhcm-sW∂ Xs‚ hmZw

Bk-∂-amb sXcsSp∏n¬

tIhew \mep-i-X-am-\-Øns‚

thm´p-In-´n-bn-s√-nepw `qcn-]£w

hcp∂ ]´mf AP≠-bpsSbpw

Ata-cn-°≥ A\p-Iq-en-I-fp-tSbpw

knJv dm°n≥kp-I-fp-sSbpw

thm´n¬ IÆp-\-´m-sW-∂-Xn¬

kwi-b-an-√. Fnepw Xs‚-ta¬

Nm¿Ø-s∏´ B kam-[m\ ]´-

Øn\v H∂p hne-I¬∏n-t°-≠n-bncp∂p

F∂mWv tdmln-y≥

apkvenw s^U-td-j-≥ t\Xmhv

CXn-t\mSv {]Xn-I-cn-®-Xv.

kao] ImeØv hy‡n-]-chpw

aX-]-chpamb kzmX-{¥yhpw

auenI-amb a\p-jym-h-Im-i-߃

t]mepw \ncm-I-cn-®p-sIm-≠p≈

]´mf `oI-c-X-bmWv Ah¿°p-ta¬

\S-am-Sn-b-Xv. am{X-a-√, ]m›m-Xy≥

i‡n-Isf DƒIn-Snew sIm≈n®

sk]vXw-_¿ ]Xn-s\m-∂nse

A{I-a-߃°v tijw tdmln-y≥

apkvenw-Iƒ°v t\sc-bp≈ AXn-

{I-a-߃°pw ss]im-NnI Xmfih-߃°pw

ImTn-\yta-dp-∂-XmWv

temIw Z¿in-®-Xv.

Ahn-`‡ _wKm-fns‚ hnim-eamb

km{amPy-Øn¬ ]c∂v InS-

°p∂ apkven-I-fmWv ]n¬Im-eØv

`qan-imkv{X]c-amb hn`-P-\-

Øns‚ t]cn¬ th´-bm-S-s∏-´-Xv.

_¿a-bnse tdmln-y-≥ apkvenw-

Ifpw C¥y-bnse Bkm-anepw

t_mtUm-em‚nepw AXn-Poh\{iaw

\S-Øp∂ apkvenw-Ifpw

Cu {Iqc-\-c-l-Xy-bp-sSbpw hio-bhn-tZz-j-Øn-s‚bpw

_m°n ]{Xß-fm-Wv.

Ggv, F´p \q‰m-≠p-I-


fn¬ _¿Ω-bn¬ A[n-hm-kamcw`n®

tdmln-y-Iƒ C∂sØ

aym∑-dns‚ `qan-im-kv{X-]-c-amb

`mK-am-Ip-∂-Xv tIhew ]Xn-t\gmw

\q‰mt≠msS-bm-Wv. Ime-ß-tfmfw

Acm-°≥ {]tZiw (C∂p ay∑adnse

`qcn`mKw tdmln-y-Ifpw

hkn-°p∂ {]tZiw) tI{µo-I-cn®v

`cWw \S-Øn-bn-cp∂ Acm-°≥

cmPm-°-∑msc Bbn-c-°-W-°n\v

apkvenw P\-hn-`m-K-Øn-s‚ ]em-b-

\-Ønepw sIme-bnepw Iem-in®

bp≤Øn¬ ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-btXm-sS-bmWv

B{]-tZiw aym∑dns‚

`mK-am-Ip-∂-Xv. Cu bp≤-

Øn¬ At\Iw tdml-nyIƒ

_wKm-fns‚ {]hn-iy-bm-bn-cp∂

Nn‰-tKmw-Kn-te°v ]em-b\w

sNbvXp. Aßs\ 1800 ¬ Acm-

°≥ {]tZiw {_n´ojv B[n-]-Xy-

Øns‚ Iogn¬ h∂-tXmsS \mSphn´

tdmln-n-Iƒ P∑-tZ-i-tØ°v

Xncn-s®-Øp-Ibpw ]n¬Im-eØv

_wKmƒ kp¬Øm∑mcpsS

B{inXcmbn Pohn-°p-I-bp-am-Wp-

≠m-b-Xv. {_n´ojv B[n-]-Xy-Øn\v

BtKm-f-X-e-Øn¬ A¥y-am-btXmsS

aym∑¿ apkvenw-I-fpsS

]co-£W Ime-L-´-Øn\p

HutZym-KnI XpS-°-am-bn. {_n´ojp-Im¿

aym∑¿ hn´-tXmsS tdmln-

n-Iƒ A[n-h-kn-®n-cn∂ Acm-

°≥ {]tZiw aym∑-dns‚ Iogn-emhp-Ibpw

`qcn-]£w hcp∂ _p≤aX

hnizm-kn-I-fpsS A[n-

ImcapjvvIn\p Iogn¬ aym∑-dns‚

`cWw AIs∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp.

c≠mw temI alm-bp-≤-Øn¬

P∏m-s\-Xnsc {_n´ojv A®p-X≠p

i‡n-Iƒs°m∏w \ne-bp-d-∏n®

tdmln-y-Iƒ°v kzmX-{¥ym-\-

¥cw P∏ms‚ klm-b-tØmsS

_p≤-a-X-ÿ-cn¬ \nt∂¬t°-≠nh-∂Xv

Cc-´-{]-l-c-am-bn-cp-∂p.

{_n´o-jp-Im-cpsS ]Sn-bn-d°w `qcn-

]£w hcp∂ _p≤-`n-£p-°-fpsS

A[n-ImcapjvIn\v CSw \¬Ipsa∂v

IW-°p-Iq-´nb tdmln-y-

IfpsS \nK-a\w ]ng-®n-√. am{X-a-

√, Cu \nK-a-\-Øns‚bpw IW-

°p-Iq-´-en-s‚bpw ASn-ÿm-\-

Øn¬ Ime-ß-fmbn X߃ A[nhm-k-ap-d-∏n®

Acm°≥ {]tZiw

tI{µo-I-cn®v Hcp kzbw `cWw

{]Xn-I-cWw / tdmlny

Ahn-`‡ _wKm-fns‚ hnim-e-amb km{amPy-Øn¬ ]c∂v

InS-°p∂ apkven-I-fmWv ]n¬Im-eØv `qan-imkv{X]c-amb

hn`-P-\-Øns‚ t]cn¬ th´-bm-S-s∏-´-Xv. _¿a-bnse tdmln-y-

≥ apkvenw-Ifpw C¥y-bnse Bkm-anepw t_mtUm-em‚nepw

AXn-Po-h\{iaw \S-Øp∂ apkvenw-Ifpw {Iqc-\-c-l-Xy-bpsSbpw

hio-b-hn-tZz-j-Øn-s‚bpw _m°n ]{X-ß-fm-Wv.

\S-Øm-\p-≈ Hcp-°-߃°v hsc

Ah¿ cl-ky-\o°w \S-Øn-b-

Xn\p Ncn{Xw km£n-\n¬°p-∂p.

1962 ¬ ]´m-f- AP≠ A[n-

Imcw ]nSn-®-S-°n-b-tXm-sS-bmWv

tdmln-y-Iƒ°v FXn-sc-bp≈

A{I-a-߃°v ISp-∏-ta-dn-b-sX-

nepw AXn-\p-apºv A¬]m-bpt

msS \ne-\n∂ P\-\m-[n-]Xy

`c-W-Iq-S-hpw cl-ky-ambn Ahsc

XpS-®p-\o-°m-\p≈ {ia-߃ XIr-

Xnbmbn \S-Øn-bn-cp∂p. aym∑¿

{]tZiw _p≤-ta¬hnem-k-Øn¬

ÿm]n-X-amb cmjv{S-am-sW∂

XnI®pw ^mjn-k-sa∂v hnti-jn-

∏n-°m-hp∂ hwio-bm-[n-jvSnX aXcm-jv{S-hm-Z-Øns‚

ad-]n-Sn®v {]NcWw

\S-Øn-bn-cp∂ ISpØ bmYmÿn-I-cmb_p≤-a-X-ÿ-cpb¿Ønb

ap{Zm-hm-Iy-Øn-s\mØv

Xp≈n-b-Xm-bn-cp∂p A∂sØ

P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øn\v ]ng-®-Xv.

]n¬°m-e-Øp-≠mb {Iqc-amb

hwiob \c-l-Xy-Iƒ°v If-sam-cp-

°n-bXv Cu P\m-[n-]Xy `c-W-Iq-S-

Øns‚ ]n∂m-ºp-d-ß-fn¬ \n∂m-

sW∂v Imew sXfn-bn-®p. ISpØ

bmYm-ÿn-I-cmb aX-hn-izm-kn-IfpsS

XnI®pw aXm-[n-jvSnX

tZio-b-hm-Z-Øns‚ ta¬ss°

e`n-°p-∂-XmWv ]n∂oSv Ncn{Xw

I≠-Xv. 1978 ¬ `c-W-Iq-Sm AP-

≠-bn¬ cq]-s∏´ ""Hm]-td-j≥

InwKv {UmK≥'' F∂ Hma-\-t∏cn¬

Adn-b-s∏´ hwiob D∑qe\w

e£-°-W-°n\p Bfp-IfpsS

Iq´p-\-c-l-Xy-bn-emWv Iemin-®-Xv.

CtX-Xp-S¿∂p≈ ImeØv

\nc-¥-c-amb \nba˛_-e-]-co-£-W߃°mWv

tdmln-y-Iƒ Cc-bm-

°-s∏-´-Xv. 1982se aym∑¿ ]ucXz

\ntj[w Ah¿s°-Xn-sc-bp≈

ISpØ ]oV-\-ap-d-Iƒ°v B°w

Iq´p-Ibpw cmPym-Xn¿Øn-°p-≈nep≈

Ah-cpsS km∂n-[y-Øn\v

hn\bm-bn-Øo-cp-Ibpw sNbvXp.

kz¥w {Kma-߃°p-≈n¬ Xpd-ne-S-°-s∏-s´nepw

Kh¨sa‚ v

tPmen-Iƒ°v \n¿_-‘n-X-cmbn

Ah¿ \nc-X-cm-tI-≠n-h-∂p. iº-fan-√m-sX-bp≈

Cu \n¿_-‘nX

sXmgn-se-Sp-°¬ 1990 Ifn¬ Hcp

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 11


{]Xn-I-cWw /tdmlny

hwiob Iem-]-Øns‚ ht°m-f-sa-

Øn® kw`-h-am-sW-nepw aym∑¿

Kh¨sa‚ v \nb-{¥n®p sh®

am[ya kzmX-{¥y-Øn\v Ah-cpsS

_e-£oW Pohn-X-ßsf H∏n-sb-

SpØv temI-k-a£w FØn-°m-\mbn-√.

\n¿_-‘nX tPmen°v hnk-

Ω-Xn-®-h-cpsS {Kma-ßfpw hoSp-

Ifpw Np´-cn-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw a‰p -^e-`q-bnjvS-bn-S-߃I≠p-sI-´n-bpamWv

]´m-f A-P≠ {]Xn-I-cn-®-Xv.

CØcw ISpØ \nb-a-߃ aqew

1992¬ e£-°-W-°n\v tdmln-y-

Iƒ _wKm-fn-te°pw a‰pw ]em-b-

\w sNbvX-Xmbn Bws\Ãn

C‚¿\m-j-\-ens‚ IW-°p-Iƒ

kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p.

]n¬°m-e-Øp-≠mb Ah-cpsS

Pohn-X-ßfpw ISpØ `c-W-IqS

]oV-\-ßfpsS XpS¿°-Y-Iƒ

Xs∂-bmWv Ah¿°v t\cn-tS-≠n

h∂-Xv. hnhmlØn\p -t]mepw

A\p-aXn \¬ImsX Ah-cpsS

PohnXw Zp -l-am-°n. hoSp-Iƒ

tI{µo-I-cn-®p≈ {]mY-anI ]mT-ime-I-fn¬

\n∂mWv Ah¿ {]mY-anI

hnZym-`ymkw \pI¿∂n-cp-s∂-nepw

Kh¨sa‚ v \nb-{¥WnØn-ep≈

hnZy-`ym-k-ß-fpsS ]Sn-∏p-c-I-fn-¬

12

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

\n∂p Ah¿ {`jvSv I¬]n-°-s∏-´h-cm-bn.

]n¬°m-eØv cmjv{Sob

A[n-Im-ctam \yq\-]£ ]Zhntbm

C√mØ \c-I-Xpey Pohn-

X-߃°m-bn-cp∂p Ah¿°v

km£n-\n¬t°-≠n-h-∂Xv.

Bk-∂-I-em]w

AXn-Po-h-\-Øns‚ A¥yw

aX-tZz-j-Øn-s‚bpw sXmen-shfp-∏n-s‚bpw

t]cn¬ _p≤-∑m-sc-

√m-Ø-h-sc√mw \pg--I-b-‰-

°mcpw hntZ-in-I-fp-am-sW∂ kp-

NnX t_m[-Øn¬

\n∂pbn¿s°m≠ X\n -bm-YmÿnI

Bi-b-Øns‚ Xo{h-XbmWv

Ign c≠p-am-k-ß-fmbn

aym∑-dn¬ Ac-tß-dp-∂-Xv. ]´m-f-

`c-W-Øn¬ \n∂p P\m-

[n]XyØns‚ kz—-µ-X-bn-te°v

Imse-SpØv shs®-nepw `qcn-

]£w hcp∂ _p≤-hn-izm-kn-IfpsS

kp-NnX hmZ-Øn\v C\nsbmcp

Ab-hp-≠m-hm≥ km[y-Xbn-s√-∂mWv

\ne-hnse kml-N-cy߃

sXfn-bn-°p-∂Xv.

hnip-≤-amb da-fm-\nse aX-

Iob BNmc acym-Z-Iƒ t]mepw

hne-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p∂p Ah¿°v.

Ah-cpsS hoSp-Iƒ°v Xobn´pw

kv{XoIsf Iq´-_-em¬kw-K-Øn-

\n-c-bm-°nbpw Ip´n-Isf Nps´cn-

®p-ap≈ XnI®pw \c-I-Xp-eyhpw

A`q-X-]q¿∆-hp-amb Hcp hnj-a-hr-

Ø-Øn-ep-am-W-h¿. Ad_v cmjv{Sß-fn¬

\S∂ hnπ-hm-th-i-ß-fn¬

A∏-°jvWw \pI-cm-≥ X°w

]m¿Øn-cp∂ h≥i‡n-I-sf√mw

aym∑¿ Kh¨sa‚ns‚ ZpjvsNbvXn-Iƒ°v

Acp-\n¬°p-∂-XmWv

\mw ImWp-∂-Xv.

_p≤-`n-£p-°-fpsS AIm-c-Wamb

{]tIm-]-\-Øm¬ Cf-In-himb

apkven-Iƒs°-Xnscbp≈

A{I-a-Øn\v Ign Pq¨ amktØm-sS-bmWv

XpS-°-am-b-Xv. Hcp

_p≤ kv{Xosb apkvenw bphmhv

{]W-bn®v hnhmlw Ign-®-Xm-

Ws{X Ahsc {]tIm-]n-®-Xv.

Pq¨ aq∂mw XnøXn Acm-°≥

{]hn-iy-bnse hnip-≤-tKlw

kµ¿in®v dq-Wn-te-°v _kn¬

bm{X Xncn® F´wK apkvenw

kwL-Øn\p t\sc bmYm-ÿn-Icmb

_p≤-`n-£p-°ƒ \S-Ønb

IS-∂m-{I-a-tØm-sS-bmWv ]pXnb

hwiob Iem-]-Øn\v XpS-°-am-b-

Xv. Hcp ZrIvkm£n-bpsS samgn-b-

temI-i-‡n-I-fpsS Aa-c-°m¿ ]pe¿Øp∂ A¿∞-K¿`-amb au\w tdmln-y≥ apkvenw-Ifp-sSbpw

a‰p temI-Øns‚ `mK-ß-fn¬ ]oV-\-ß-f-\p-`-hn-°p∂ apkvenw hn`m-K-ß-fp-sSbpw

Ccp-f-S-Xpw `o_-’-hp-amb `mhn-bn-te-°mWv hnc¬ Nq≠p-∂-Xv.


\p-k-cn®v sIm√-s∏´ tdmlny≥

apkvenw-I-fpsS PU-߃ \Sp-tdm-

Un-en´p hen-®ng®v Ah¿°v Np‰pw

aZye-l-cn-bn¬ Xna¿Øm-Sn-bp-am-bncp-∂p-h-s{X

Ahco Iq´s°me

BtLm-j-am-°n-b-Xv. AXn-\p-tij-ap≈

c≠p amk-°mew hfsc

Bkq-{-Xn-Xhpw \nKq-Vhpamb

\o°-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-bn-cp∂p AhcpsS

AP-≠-Iƒ km£m-XvIcn°s∏-´Xv-.

CsX-gp-Xp-tºm-gp≈

HutZym-KnI ÿnXn-hn-h-c-°-W-°-

\p-k-cn®v \q‰n Aº-Xn-e-[nIw

t]¿ sIm√-s∏-Sp-Ibpw Ccp-]-Øn-

A-øm-bncw t]¿ `h-\-c-ln-X-cmbn

\mSp-hn-t´m-Sp-Itbm _¿a≥

AXn¿Øn-{]-tZ-i-ß-fnse Hfn-Ømh-f-ß-fn¬

t¢i-I-c-amb PohnXw

Ign®p Iq´p-∂-htcm BWv.

GXm-bn-cp-∂mepw Iq´-∏-em-b-

\hpw \nc-¥cIem-]-߃ hnX®

ASn-b-¥-cm-h-ÿbpw ]cn-l-cn-°m-

\p≈ BtKmf kaq-l-Øns‚

AXn-`o-I-c-amb Akm-∂n-≤y-amWv

ChnsS {it≤-b-am-Ip-∂-Xv. kam-[m-

\-Øns‚ AXnhninjvS ]pc-kvImc߃

Igp-Øn-e-Wn temI-i-

‡n-I-fpsS Aa-c-°m¿

]pe¿Øp∂ A¿∞-K¿`-amb

au\w tdmln-y≥ apkvenw-I-fpsSbpw

a‰p temI-Øns‚ `mK-ßfn¬

]oV-\-ß-f-\p-`-hn-°p∂

apkvenw hn`m-K-ß-fp-sSbpw Ccp-f-S-

Xpw `o_-’-hp-amb `mhn-bnte-°mWv

hnc¬ Nq≠p-∂-Xv.

Ckvem-anI cmjv{S-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw

Cdm-\n¬ \n∂pw ]Xn-hp-t]mse

Dd-®Xpw I¿°-i-hp-amb Hcp \ne-

]mSv ]pd-Øp-h∂Xv am{X-amWv

am[y-a-ß-fn¬ {]Xy-£-s∏-´-Xv.

apkvenw _lp-P\ kaq-l-ß-fn¬

\n∂pw CkvemanI temIØv

hfsc Bkq-{Xn-X-ambn kam-izmk-Øns‚ssIØm-ßp-am-sb-Ømdp≈

Ckvem-anIv dneo^v

GP≥knbpw tdmln-y≥ apkven-

I-fpsS ZpcnX _m[nX {]tZ-i-ßfpambn

_‘-s∏-Sm\pw Bizm-k-

Øns‚ sXfn-\o-scm-gp°m-\p-ap≈

{ia-߃ \S-Øn-sb-nepw

BtKmf kaq-l-Øn-s‚bpw bp.-

F≥.H bpsS t]mepw Dd® ]n¥p-

Wn-b-√m-Ø-Xn-\mepw aym∑¿

kpc£m tk\-bpsS {]Xn-tcm-

{]Xn-I-cWw/ tdmlny

tdmln-y≥ A[n-hmk {]tZ-i-߃ tI{µo-I-cn®v CubnsS

Is≠-Ønb {]IrXn hn`-h-ßfpw FÆ kºØpw IÆp-\-´ncn∂v

P\m-[n-]-Xyw ]pecp∂ aym∑-ds‚ cmjv{Sob kmº-ØnI

Ah-ÿ-I-fn¬ \n∂v ]v ]‰m-\p≈ ]m›m-Xy i‡n-I-fpsSbpw

ssN\-bp-sSbpw {ia-߃ k^-em-am-hp-∂-Xn∂v

th≠n-bmWv aym∑¿ i‡n-Iƒ°v Iq´p-\n¬°p-∂-Xv

[hpw ImcWw hn^-e-am-hp-∂-

XmWv \mw I≠-Xv. Iq´-s°m-e-sb

Ipdn®v Xp¿°n hntZ-i-Im-cy-a{¥n

AlvaZv ZhvtXm-Kvep-hn-s‚bpw

Hm¿K-ss\-tk-j≥ Hm^v CkvemanIv

tIm¿]-td-j≥(H.-sF.kn)

bpsSbpw t\XrXz-Øn-ep≈ c≠p

At\z-jW kwL-ß-fp-sSbpw

dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ GXv hnt[-\-bmWv

Ckvem-anI temIØpw ]m›m-

Xy≥ tI{µ-ß-fnepw kzm[o\w

sNep-ØpI F∂v ImØn-cp∂p

ImtW-≠-Xm-Wv. tdmln-y≥ A[nhmk

{]tZ-i-߃ tI{µo-I-cn®v

CubnsS Is≠-Ønb {]IrXn

hn`-h-ßfpw FÆ kºØpw

IÆp-\-´n-cn∂v P\m-[n-]-Xyw

]pecp∂ aym∑-ds‚ cmjv{Sob

kmº-ØnI Ah-ÿ-I-fn¬ \n∂v

]v ]‰m-\p≈ ]m›m-Xy i‡n-Ifp-sSbpw

ssN\-bp-sSbpw {ia߃

k^-em-am-hp-∂-Xn∂v th≠nbmWv

aym∑¿ i‡n-Iƒ°v Iq´p-

\n¬°p-∂-sX∂v tdmbn-t´gvkv AS-

°ap≈ h≥InS am[ya ÿm]-\߃

\S-Ønb A\z-j-W-Øns‚

^e-߃ sXfn-bn-°p-∂-Xv. Iq´m-∏-

em-b-\hpw IpSn-tb-‰hpw Akm-[yam-hpw

hn[w AXn¿Øn-bnse hgn-

Ifpw Xpd- p-Ifpw HutZym-Kn-Iambn

_w•m-tZiv Kh¨sa‚ v

sIm´n-b-S-®-Xn-\m¬ Hcp D]-tcm-

[nX kaq-l-ambn Ign-bp-I-b-√msX

a‰p t]mwh-gn-I-fn-en-√m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-

∂p Ah¿°v. Aan-X-ambn IpSntb‰w

aqew A\n-b-{¥n-X-amb

_w•m-tZiv P\-kw-Jybm-W-s{X

_w•m-tZiv `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚

C{Xbpw ISpØ Xocp-am-\-Øn\v

Bkv]Zw.

GXm-bn-cp∂mepw lyqa≥

ssd‰vhm®pw Bw\Ãn C‚¿\mj-

Wepw \nco-£n-®-Xp-t]mse

temIØv G‰hpw `oI-c-amb

]oV\ ]¿∆sØ AXnPo-hn-°p-∂h-cmbn

amdn-bn-cn°pI-bmWv

tdmlnykaqlw. kam-[-\msØbpw

kzm{i-b-XzsØbpw

k¿∆ X{¥ XXz-ambn {]Xn-jvSn®

BtKmf kaq-Øn-s‚bpw, D®-tIm-

Sn-IƒsIm≠v PohnXw Xo¿°p∂

Ad_v kaq-l-Øn-s‚bpw ap∂n¬

Hcp tNmZy-Nn-”-am-bn...

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 13


{]Xn-I-cWw/ Bkmw

14

Bkmw Iem]w:

Ncn-{Xhpw h¿Ø-am-\hpw {]Xn-°q-´n¬

\hmkv hS-Ic

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

]uc-Xzhpw AkvXn-Xzhpw C¥yp-bpsS atX-Xc `qan-I-bn¬

tNmZy-®n-”-ß-fmbn \n¬°p∂ Bkmw apkvenw-I-fpsS Ncn-

{Xhpw h¿Ø-am-\hpw `mhnbpw {]apJ cmjv{Sob hna¿i-

I≥ \nco-£n-°p-I-bm-Wn-hn-sS.

-I-gn aq∂p-am-k-ß-fmbn

Bkmw ]pI-bp-I-bm-Wv. GItZiw

77 Hmfw Bfp-Iƒ sIm√s∏-Sp-Ibpw

e£-°-W-°n-\m-fp-

Iƒ A`-bm¿∞n-I-fmhp-Ibpw

tImSn-°-W-°n\v cq]-bpsS

kzØp-°ƒ \in-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw

sNbvX Zmcp-W-amb Hcp Iem-]-

Øn\v Bkmw km£n-bm-bn. Cu

h¿jw sabv 25 apX-en-tßm´v ]e-

{]-iv\-ßfn¬ XpSßn, Ign

Pqebv Bdn\v c≠p-ap-kvenw-I-fpsS

sIme-]m-X-I-tØmsS Bcw-`n®

Iem]w Bkm-an-\-IØpw

]pdØpw henb N¿®-Ifpw

tImem-l-e-ßfpw Imc-Wm-t\z-j-

W-ßfpw krjvSn-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.

Hcp hiØv Bkm-anse Iem-]-

Øn-\n-c-bm-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw

A`bm¿∞n-I-fm-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw

sNbvX Bfp-Iƒ°v th≠n

k¿°m¿ Xe-Ønepw k¿°m-td-

Xc Xe-ß-fnepw klm-b-߃

hmKvZm\w sNøs∏-Sp-Ibpw FØn-

°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ

adp`mKØv Iem-]-Øns‚

bYm¿Y Imc-W-ßsf Ipdn®pw

Iem-]-Øn¬ t\cn´ coXn-sb-Ipdn®pw

Iem-]-Øn-\p-Ø-c-hm-Zn-

Ifmb Bfp-Isf Ipdn®pw C\nsbmcpIem-]-an-√m-Xmhp-∂-sXsßs\

F∂-Xns\ Ipdn®pw

k¿°m-dn\v hy‡-am-sbmcp [mc-

W-bn-√. Iem-]-Øn-\n-c-bm-°-s∏-

´Xv C¥y-bnse G‰hpw ]n∂m-°-


°m-cmb Bkm-anse apkvenw-I-fmsW-∂Xv

thZ-\m-P-\-I-amb

as‰mcp hkvXp-X-bmWv. Cubn-sSbmbn

Cu Iem-]-Øns‚ A\p-c-

W-\-߃ t_mws_-bnepw a‰p

C¥y≥ \K-c-ß-fnepw ImW-s∏-Sp-

∂-Xmbn dnt∏m¿´v sNøp-s∏-Sp-∂p.

AXp-aqew C¥y-bnse hS-°p-Ing°≥

kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ Pohn-

°p∂ Bfp-Iƒ°v t\sc B{I-a-

W-`o-j-Wn \ne-\n¬°p-∂-Xmbpw

AXp- `-b∂v _wK-fpcp Dƒs]-sSbp≈

\K-c-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw hS-°p-

In-g-°≥ \nhm-kn-Iƒ Ah-cpsS

\mSp-I-fn-te°v Xncn®p t]mIp-∂-

Xmbpw dnt∏m¿´p-I-fp-≠v. CØ-cp-

W-Øn¬ Ign Cu Hcp Zpc-

¥sØ ]T-\-hn-t[-b-am-t°-≠Xv

hfsc Bh-iy-am-Wv.

Bkm-anse kaq-lhpw Ncn-

{Xhpw

C¥y-bpsS hS-°p-In-g-°≥

taJ-e-bn-te-°p≈ hmXn-emWv

Bkmw. _olm-dn\pw _wKmfn\pw

apI-fn-embn _w•m-tZ-int\mSpw

aym∑-dn-t\mSpw AXn¿Øn

]n-Sp∂ hfsc {][m-\-s∏´ X{¥-

{]-[m-\-amb Hcp {]tZ-i-amWv

Bkmw. C¥y-bnse a‰p kaq-lß-fn¬

\n∂pw hyXy-kvX-ambn

_lp-kzc kmaq-lnI ÿnXnbmWv

Bkm-an-ep-≈-Xv. "cmPhwin'

F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ Bkm-ao

{_mlva-W-∑mcpw t_mtUm hn`m-

K-Øn¬ s]´-bm-fp-Ifpw Bkmanse

apkvenw P\-hn-`m-K-ßfpw

Chn-SsØ {][m-\-s∏´ kmaq-lnI

hn`m-K-ß-fWv. Ahn-`‡ `mc-

XØnse Bkm-ans‚ Ncn{Xw

C∂sØ Bkm-ans‚ Ncn{Xw a\n-em-°p-∂-Xn∂v

hfscb[nIw

AXym-h-iy-am-Wv. Ahn-`-‡- `m-c-X-

Øn¬ C∂p\mw `q]-S-Øn¬

ImWp∂ hSp-°p-In-g-°≥

kwÿm-\-ß-fp≈ Bkm-ans‚

IqsS-bm-b-Xv. am{X-a√, A∂sØ

Bkmapw A∂sØ Ahn-`‡

_wKmfpw Ncn-{X-]-ambpw kmaqlnI]c-ambpw

Ht´sd ASp-∏-ß-fp-

≠m-bn-cp∂ c≠p taJ-e-I-fm-Wv.

Ccp-]Xmw \q‰m-≠ns‚ XpS-°-

Øn¬ Bkm-an¬ Bcw-`n®

sdbn¬th \n¿Ωm-Whpw tXm´-hy-

h-km-bhpw tIcfw Dƒs]-sS-bp≈

C¥y-bnse hnhn-[-`m-K-ß-fn¬ \n∂v

Ht´sd sXmgn-e-t\z-j-Isc Atßm-

´m-I¿jn-®p. Cu Iq´-Øn¬ Ahn-

`‡ _wKm-fnse Ing-°≥ {]tZ-ißfn¬

\n∂pw AXm-bXv ]n∂oSv

]q¿∆ ]mIn-ÿm\pw

AXn\ptijw _w•m-tZ-ip-ambn

amdnb Ht´sd \n¿[-\-cmb apkvenw-

Iƒ 1920,30 Ime-L-´-ß-fn¬

Bkm-ans‚ hnhn[ taJ-e-I-fn¬

h∂v Xma-k-ap-d-∏n-®p. Cu sXmgnet\z-j-I-cp-sS

bm{X Ahn-`‡ `mc-

XØnepw Ahn-`‡ _wKm-fn-ep-ambn-cp∂p

F∂v hmb-\-°msc

ho≠pw Hm¿Ωn-∏n-°p-∂p. Bkmanse

s]mss-Imhv, s]m{Im-Pm¿,

^nen-]vPm¿, Zp{_n XpS-ßnb {]tZi-ß-fn-emWv

Ch¿ IqSp-X-embn

Xma-k-ap-d-∏n-®-Xv. kzmX-{¥ym-\-

¥cw Ch-cn¬ `qcn-`m-Khpw C¥ybn¬

ÿnc-Xm-a-k-am-°n. Aßs\

Ah¿ Bkm-anse apkvenw-I-fmbnamdn.

1960,70 Ime-L-´-ß-fn¬

C¥y-bpsS `mK-am-bn-cp∂ am¬Zm¿

\yqP¬hmbn IqSn {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬

{]Xn-I-cWw/ Bkmw

\n∂pw Ht´sd apkven-Iƒ°v

Bkm-ans‚ hnhn-[-`m-K-ß-fn¬

sXmgn-e-t\z-j-I-cmbn \ne-bp-d-∏n-

®p. Aßs\ 1970 \Sp-∏n®v

Bkm-an¬ Htc kabw Hcp-_lp-kzc

kaqlw hf¿∂p-h-cn-

Ibpw hwiob kmaq-ln-I {]iv\߃

h¿≤n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.

1980 tXmSpIqsS kvt^mS-\m-fl-

I-amb Cu kmaq-lnImhÿ

Hcp hwiob kz`m-h-ap≈ Iem-]-

Øns‚ cq]-Øn¬ ]pd-Øp-h-∂p.

Bkm-an-¬v ""C¥y≥ ]´n-

Iƒ]pdØv'' F∂ Ip{]-kn-≤amb

ap{Zm-hmIyapb¿∂v tI´Xv

Cu Ime-L-´-ß-fn-em-bn-cp-∂p.

kml-N-cy-h-im¬ Cu Iem-]-

Øns‚ tI{µ_nµp-°-fmbn

Bkm-anse t_mtUm hn`m-K-

°mcpw apkvenw-Ifpam°n-am-‰s∏´

_w•m-tZ-ip-ambn Bkmw

]n-Sp∂ AXn¿Øn taJe

ImcWw Bkm-anse apkvenw-

Iƒ C¥y-°m-c-√, A\-[nIr-Xambn

C¥y-bn¬ IpSn-tbdnb

_w•m-tZ-in-I-fm-sW∂ Hcp

C¥y-bpsS hS-°p-In-g-°≥ taJ-e-bn-te-°p≈ hmXn-emWv

Bkmw. _olm-dn\pw _wKm-fn\pw apI-fn-embn _w•m-tZ-int\mSpw

aym∑-dn-t\mSpw AXn¿Øn ]n-Sp∂ hfsc {][m-\-s∏´

X{¥-{]-[m-\-amb Hcp {]tZ-i-amWv Bkmw. C¥y-bnse a‰p

kaq-l-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw hyXy-kvX-ambn _lp-kzc kmaq-lnI

ÿnXn-bmWv Bkm-an-ep-≈-Xv.

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 15


{]Xn-I-cWw/ Bkmw

1970 \Sp-∏n®v Bkm-an¬ Htc kabw Hcp-_-lp-kzc kaqlw

hf¿∂p-h-cn-Ibpw hwiob kmaq-ln-I {]iv\-߃ h¿≤n-°p-

Ibpw sNbvXp. 1980 tXmSpIqsS kvt^mS-\m-fl-I-amb Cu

kmaq-lnImhÿ Hcp hwiob kz`m-h-ap≈ Iem-]-Øns‚ cq]-

Øn¬ ]pd-Øp-h-∂p. Bkm-an-Iƒ°v ""C¥y≥ ]´n-Iƒ ''

]pdØv F∂ Ip{]-kn-≤-amb ap{Zm-hmIyapb¿∂p.

[mcW CXc Bkman hn`m-K߃°n-S-bnepw

Bkm-an\p ]pd-

Øp≈ P\-hn-`m-K-߃°n-S-bnepw

]c-°m-\n-S-bm-bn. _wKm-fn-sebpw

Bkm-an-sebpw AXn¿Øn-{]-tZ-iß-fn-¬

A\-[n-Ir-Xhpw I≠p]n-Sn-

°m≥ _p≤n-ap-´p-≈-Xp-amb IpSntb-‰-߃

\S-°m-dp-s≠-nepw

Bkm-an¬ 1920,30 Ime-L-´-ßfn¬

Ahn-`‡ _wKm-fn¬ \n∂pw

IpSn-tb-dnb Bfp-I-fpsS ]n∑p-d-

°m-cn¬ _w•m-tZ-in-I-sf∂v ap{Z-

Ip-Øn-b-tXmsS Bkm-anse

kml-Ncyw IqSp-X¬ hj-fmbn.

Aß-s\-bmWv 1980,90 Ime-L-´ß-fn¬

apkvenw-Iƒs°-Xnsc

{Iqc-amb Ht´sd Iem-]-߃ Actß-dn-b-Xv.

AtXm-S∏w Xs∂ Bkm-an-

Ifpw _olm-cn-Ifpw XΩn-ep≈

X¿°w, t_mtUm hn`m-K-°mcpw

a‰p Bkman hn`m-K-ßfpw XΩep≈

X¿°w, IqSmsX Nne-{]-[m-

\-s∏´ C¥ym-hn-cp≤ Xo{h-hmZn

16

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

kwL-S-\-I-fpsS hS-°p-In-g-°≥

km\n[yw F√mw-IqsS tN¿∂v

C¥y-bnse G‰hpw Iem-]- I-epjn-Xamb

taJ-e-bmbn 1990 HmsS

Bkmw amdn F∂p-thWw a\- nem-°m≥.

Iem-]-Øns‚ h¿Ø-am\

Ime-L´w.

1980,90 Ime-L-´-ß-fn¬

Kh¨sa‚pw Bkm-anse

t_mtUm hn`m-K-ßfpw XΩn¬

\S-Ønb N¿®-bpsS ^e-am-bncp∂p

Bbn-c-Øn-sXm-≈m-bn-cØn

F¨]Øn A©nepw ]n∂oSv

sXmÆq-‰n-aq-∂n-ep-ap-≠m-°nb Icmdp-Iƒ.

CXns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬

t_mtUm `qcn-]£ {]tZ-i-ßfnse

`c-W-Øn\v kzbw-`-cW

kz`m-h-ap≈ t_mtUm-em‚ v sSdnt‰m-dn-bn¬

Iu¨kn¬ cq]o-I-cn-

°p-∂-Xns‚ N¿®-Iƒ kPo-hambn.

2003 Unkw-_-dn-emWv

t_mtUm sSdn-t‰m-dn-b¬

Iu¨kn¬ bmYm¿∞y-ambn h∂-

Xv. IqSmsX F≥.-Un.F `c-W-ImeØv

t_mtUm `mj°v `c-WL-S-

\m-]-c-amb Ah-Imiw \¬Ip-

Ibpw sNbvXp. XZzmcm t_mtUm-

Iƒ Bkm-an¬ A\p-`-hn-®p-sIm-

≠n-cp∂ cmjv{Sob, kmaq-ln-I-{]m-

[m\yw h¿≤n-®p. IqSmsX ]e -{]tZ-i-ß-fnepw

t_mtUm-Iƒ

Xm≥{]-am-WnXzw ÿm]n®p

F∂Xpw Imen-Ihpw ÿm\n-I-hpamb

Hcp bmYm¿∞y-am-Wv.-C-Xn-\n-

S-bn¬ Bkm-anse apkvenwI-fpsS

Ahÿ ]cn-Xm-]-I-c-ambn X∂

\n¬°p-∂p. 1980,90 Ime-L-´-

Øn¬ _m_cn akvPn-Znepw a‰p-tZiob

{]iv\-ß-fnepw IpSp-ßn-°n-

S∂ C¥y≥ apkvenw kap-Zmbw

Bkm-anse AXy¥w ]n∂m-°-

°m-cmb Zcn-{Z-ap-kvenw-Isf Ah-K-

Wn®p F∂p-thWw Icp-Xm≥.

Bkm-an¬ \S∂ Iq´-s°m-e-

Iƒt°m \oXn\ntj[߃t°m

a\p-jym-h-Imi [zwk-\-߃t°m

A¿ln® ]cn-K-W\ \¬Im-≥

C¥y≥ s]mXpkaq-l-Øn\v

apkvenw kaq-l-Øn\v {]tXy-

In®pw \¬Im≥ Ign-n-√. AXpsIm-≠p-Xs∂

cmjv{So-b-]-c-amb

Hdp Xcw \n -lm-bm-h-ÿ-bnte°v

Ahsc X≈nhn-´Xv \Ωƒ

Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Aßs\ Ncn-{X-

]-c-amb Imc-W-Øm¬ Bfl-hnizmkw

t\Sn-sb-SpØ t_mtUm

hn`mKw AtX Ncn-{X-]-c-amb

ImcWw sIm≠v Xf¿Ø-s∏´

_wKm-fn-Ifpw Bkm-an-I-fp-amb

apkvenw-P-\-X-bp-amWv Cu Iem-]-

Øns‚ ]›m-X-ew.

a‰p ]e DØ-tc-¥y≥-˛-a-t[y-

¥y≥ kwÿm-\-ß-fnse apkvenw-

I-fn¬ \n∂pw hyXy-kvX-ambn

Bkm-anse apkvenw-Iƒ kwkm-cn-

°p∂Xv Bkman `mj Xs∂-bm-

Wv. am{X-a√, AhnsS Ah¿

kzm`m-hn-I-amb C¥y≥ ]ucXzw

B¿÷n-®-h-cp-am-Wv.- F-∂n´p-a-h¿

tZi-hn-cp≤ i‡n-I-sf∂ t]cv

Npa-t°-≠n-h-cp-∂p. Ign Iptd

h¿j-ß-fmbn t_mtUm-kw-L-S-\-

Iƒ apkven-I-fp-ambn kmaq-lnI

kwL¿j-Øn¬ G¿s∏-Sm-\p≈

Xzc kzmb-Ø-am-°p-∂-Xv. Bkmw

kµ¿in® "am[yaw' ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-


I≥ apl-ΩZv lk-\p¬_-∂-bpsS

A`n-{]m-b-Øn¬ apkvenw-Isf Hcp

Iem-]-Øn-te°v {]tIm-]n-∏n-

°p∂ coXn-bn¬ t_mtUm-Iƒ

{]h¿Øn-°m≥ XpS-ß-bn´v amkß-fm-bn.

Bkm-anse apkvenw-Iƒ

t\cn-Sp∂ \n -lm-b-h-ÿsb

apX-se-SpØv Ah¿°n-S-bn¬

s]mXp-k-aq-l-Øns‚ ap∂nep≈

kwi-b-Øn\v Hcp sXfn

klm-b-tØmsS Bkm-anse

hy‡-amb hwiob kmaq-ln-Im-

[n]Xyw t\SpI F∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p

Cu {]tIm-]-\-{i-a-ß-fpsS ASnÿm-\w.

Cu {ia-Øns‚ ]n∂n¬

tZiob Xe-ج {]h¿Øn-°p∂

kwL-]-cn-hm¿ i‡nI-fpsS

klm-bhpw ]n¥p-Wbpw Dt≠msb∂v

hy‡-ambn kwi-bn-°-s∏-

Sm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. ImcWw Bkmanse

apkvenw-I-fn¬ `qcn-`m-Khpw

_w•m-tZ-in¬ \n∂v IpSn-tb-dn-b-hcmsW∂

Ncn-{X-]-c-amb

BJym\w ÿm]n-s®-Sp-°-∂-Xn¬

1998 apX¬ c≠m-bn-c-Øn \mep

hsc C¥y≥ B`y-¥c a{¥n-bmb

F¬sI A[zm\n \n¿Wm-b-I-amb

]p-h-ln-®p-´p-≠v. am{X-a√ Bkmanse

apkvenw-Isf Ipdn®v kwL-

]-cn-hm¿ i‡n-Iƒ F∂pw kwib-tØm-sStb

kwkm-cn-®n-´p-≈q.

Ahsc sF.-F-kv.sF GP‚p-Ifmbpw

hS-°p-In-g-°≥ Xo{h-hm-Zn-

I-fp-sS GP‚p-I-fmbpw Nn{Xo-I-cn-

°m≥ IrXy-amb {iaw \S-°p-∂p-

≠v. Aßs\ Htc- k-abw

hwiob Xe-Ønepw h¿Kob Xe-

Ønepw A{I-an-°-s∏-Sp∂ Hcp

kml-N-cy-amWv Cu ASpØ

Ime-Ømbn Bkm-anse apkvenw-

Iƒ t\cn-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

{it≤-b-amb sshcp-[y-߃

Cu thZ-\m-P-\-I-amb kml-Ncy-Øn¬

\mw a\- n-em-t°-≠Xpw

Dƒs°m-t≈-≠-Xp-amb Nne-sshcp-[y-ß-fp-≠v.

Cu sshcp-[y-߃

Atß-b‰w {it≤-bhpw ck-I-c-hpam-Wv.H∂v,

Bkm-anse apkvenw

P\-hn-`m-K-Øns‚ km\n[yw

hfsc hy‡hpw kPo-h-hp-am-Wv. -

C-¥y-bn¬ G‰hpw IqSp-Xep≈

P\-kwJym iX-am-\-Øns‚ ASnÿm-\-Øn¬

apkvenw {]map-Jy-

ap≈ kwÿm\w Bkm-am-Wv.

DZm-l-c-W-Øn\v Bkm-anse

Icow_©v temIvk`m afi-e-

Øn¬ \m¬]-Øn-b©v iX-am\w

thm´¿amcpw apkvenw-I-fm-Wv.

IqSmsX sIm{Im-Pm¿, Zp{_,

sImss-Kmw, Zn¬Nm¿ XpS-ßnb

{]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ KWy-amb Hcp

apkvenw P\-km-∂n-[y-ap-≠v. c≠m-a-

Xmbn _Z-dp-±o≥ APva-ens‚

t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ cq]-s∏´ apkvenw

cmjv{Sob kwL-S-\Iƒ°v C∂v

]Xn-s\´v Fw.-F¬.F amcp≠v.

Bkm-anse samØw Fw.-F¬.F

amcpsS FÆw \q‰nF¨]Øn

Bdm-Wv. Aßs\ t\m°p-tºmƒ

cmjv{So-b-ambpw kmaq-ln-I-ambpw

Hcp apkvenw km∂n[yw D≠mbn´pw

IqSn-bmWv Bkm-anse

apkven-Iƒ kwi-bn-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw

A{I-an-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw A`-bm¿∞n-

I-fm-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp F∂Xv

Nn¥n-∏n-°p∂ Hcp hkvXp-X-bm-Wv.

{]Xn-I-cWw / Bkmw

Iem-]hpw A\-¥-c-^-e-ß-fpw.

Ign--am-k-ß-fn-ep-≠mb

Iem-]-Øns‚ XpS-°-Øn¬ AXmbXv

Pqembv Bdmw XnøXn c≠v

apkvenw sNdp∏°msc ]ƒk¿

ss_°n-se-Ønb apJ-aq-Sn-[m-cn-Ifmb

t_mtUm-Xo-{h-hm-Zn-Iƒ -sh-

Sn-sh®p sIm∂p F∂mWv tcJs∏-Sp-Ø-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.AXn-\ptijw

Bkm-ans‚ sIm{Im-Pm¿

taJ-e-bn¬ ]e-ÿ-e-ß-fn-embn

]ecpw A{I-an-°-s∏-´p. AtXmsSm∏w

Iem]w XpS-ßn Znh-k߃°Iw

tPmbv]q¿ F∂ ]´-W-

Øn¬ sh®v c≠m-bn-c-tØmfw

hcp∂ Hcp kwLw Bfp-Iƒ

c≠p t_mtUm sNdp-∏-°msc ]cky-ambn

a¿±n®v sIm√p-Ibpw

sNbvXp. tPmbv]qcnse Cu A{Ian-°q´w

apkvenw-I-fm-bn-cp∂p

F∂Xv \n¿`m-Ky-I-c-amb kXy-am-

Wv. sIm√-s∏´ c≠p-t]¿ A{I-an-

I-fm-bn-cp-∂psh-nepw Ahsc

Bkm-anse apkvenw-Iƒ kwkm-cn-°p∂Xv Bkman `mj Xs∂bm-Wv.

am{X-a√, AhnsS Ah¿ kzm`m-h-I-amb C¥y≥

]ucXzw B¿÷n-®-h-cp-am-Wv.- F-∂n´p-a-h¿ tZi-hn-cp≤ i‡n-Isf∂

t]cv Npa-t°-≠n-h-cp-∂p.

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 17


{]Xn-I-cWw / Bkmw

cmjv{So-b-ambpw kmaq-ln-I-ambpw Hcp apkvenw km∂n[yw D≠mbn´pw

IqSn-bmWv Bkm-anse apkven-Iƒ kwi-bn-°-s∏-Sp-

Ibpw A{I-an-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw A`-bm¿∞n-I-fm-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw

sNbvXp F∂Xv Nn¥n-∏n-°p∂ Hcp hkvXp-X-bm-Wv.

t]meo-kn-te¬]n-®n-cp-∂p-sh-n¬

apkvenw Iem]w XpS-ßn-sh®p

F∂ Hcp Zpjvt]cv AhnsS t\cntS-≠n-h-cp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√.

AsXmcp

P\-°q-´-Øns‚ {]Xn-I-cWw

AYhm tam_v dnbm-£≥ Bbn

ImWm≥ Bcpw Xøm-dm-bn-√.

apkvenw-Iƒ Iem-]-Im-cn-I-fm-bn-cp-

∂p-sh∂Xv hcp-Øn-Øo¿°-em-bncp∂p

t_mtUm-I-fpsS e£yw.

tPmbv]q-cnse P\-°q´w B

{iasØ klm-bn®p F∂v thWw

a\- n-em-°m≥. XpS¿∂v Bkman¬

\S∂ \c-th-´bpw kzØv

th´bpw hfsc Zmcp-Whpw {Iqc-hpam-bn-cp-∂p.

]e {]tZ-i-ß-fn-embn

shSn-sh-∏nepw A√m-sX-bp-ambn

\nc-h[n Bfp-Iƒ sIm√-s∏-´p.

e£-°-W-°n\v IpSpw-_-߃

kuI-cy-ß-fn-√mØ A`-bm¿∞n

Iymºp-I-fn-em-Wv. Iem]w

ap≥Iq´n ImWp∂-Xnepw Iem-]-ap-

≠m-ImsX t\m°p-∂-Xn-epw

D≠mb Iem-]-Øns‚ Xo{hX

Ipd-°p-∂-Xnepw A`-bm¿∞n-Isf

]cn-K-Wn-°p-∂-Xnepw Bkm-anse

18

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

Xcp¨tKmtKm-bn-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-

Øn-ep≈ tIm¨{Kkv k¿°m¿

]cm-P-b-am-bn-cp∂p F∂mWv a\- nem-Ip-∂-Xv.

th≠ {]m[m\yw

Bkm-anse hwiob Iem-]-Øn\v

\¬ImsX tI{µhpw Bkm-apw

XΩn¬ Hcp ]gn-Nm-c¬ a’cw

Xs∂ \S∂p F∂mWv \Ωƒ a\n-em-t°-≠-Xv.

Iem] {]tZ-i-ßfn-te°v

kmbp[ tk\-bp-sSbpw

klm-bI kwL-S-\-I-fp-sSbpw

hchv Xmc-X-tays\ Xma-kn-®m-bncp∂p

F∂p-≈Xv Hcp bmYm¿∞yam-Wv.

CXn-t\m-sSm∏w Iem-]-ap-≠m-

°n-bXv IpSn-tb-dnb _w•m-tZio

apkvenw-I-fm-sW∂v {]Jym-]n-

°m\pw ÿm]n-°m≥ {ian-°m\pw

\ΩpsS ]gb hn√≥ em¬

IrjvW AZzm\n H´pw Xma-kn-®n-

√. C¥y samØw kwLv]-cn-hm¿

A\p-Iqe kwL-S-\-Ifpw AhcpsS

Iqen-sb-gp-Øp-Imcpw Cu

{]N-cWw G‰p ]nSn-®p. Fs‚

hy‡n-]-c-amb Hc-\p-`hw CXn-t\m-

S-\p-_-‘-ambn tN¿°p-I-bm-Wv.

Ign F´mw XnøXn

\yqU¬ln-bnse C¥y≥ CkvemanIv

Iƒ®-d¬ sk‚-dn¬ sI.-Fw.kn.kn

U¬ln bq\n‰v \S-Ønb

t\mºv Xpd°v Rm≥ Fs‚ Hcp

DØ-tc-¥y≥ apkvenw kplr-Øpambn

t]mbn-cp∂p. apl-ΩZv

JmenZv lpssk≥ F∂v t]cp≈

At±lw C¥y Ckvem-anIv

sk‚-dns‚ saº-dm-bn-cp-∂p.

Bkm-anse Iem-]-sØ-°p-dn®pw

AXn¬ apkvenw-Iƒ t\cn-Sp∂

\jvS-sØ-°p-dn®pw tZiob Xe-

Øn¬ IqSp-X¬ N¿® sNø-s∏-Sm-

Ø-Xn-s\-°p-dn®pw Rm≥ At±-l-

Øn-t\mSv tNmZn-®-t∏mƒ At±lw

]d DØcw Fs∂ h√msX

sR´n-∏n-°p-Ibpw thZ-\n-∏n-°p-

Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p. At±lw

XpS-ßn-b-Xn-ßs\: \hm-kv, H∂ma-Xmbn

Ah¿ C¥y-°m-c-√. c≠ma-Xmbn

Ah¿ Zcn-{Z-cm-Wv. aq∂m-a-

Xmbn Ah¿°v cmjv{Sob kwLi-‡ntbm

kwL-S\m tijntbm

C√m-ØXv sIm≠v Ah¿°v

th≠n kwkm-cn-°m≥ Bcpw

Xøm-dm-hp-∂n-√. Fs‚ kplrØv

\n -lm-bX {]I-Sn-∏n-®-XmtWm

Hgnp amdn-b-Xm-tWm X≈n-∏-d-

-XmtWm F∂v F\n-°nt∏mgpw

a\- n-em-bn-´n-√. Cu

A\p-`hw ]d--Xns‚ Npcp°w

Bkm-anse \nc-]-cm-[n-I-fmb

apkvenw-Iƒ, Xncn-®-dn-b¬

Im¿Upw tdj≥ Im¿Up-ap≈

apkvenw-Iƒ C¥y-°m-c√ F∂v

hniz-kn-°p-∂Xv C¥y-bnse

apkvenw-Iƒ Xs∂-bmWv. hnI-eamb

Cu Ncn-{Xm-Jym\w Cu

Iem-]-Øns‚ ka-bØpw

\n¿tem`w {]tbm-Kn-°s∏´psb∂p-≈Xv

hfsc thZ-\m-P-

\-I-am-Wv. Ign Pqsse 28˛mw

XnøXn C¥y≥ FIvkv{]kv Zn\-

∏-{X-Øn¬ lcn-i-¿ h¿a F∂

C¥y-bpsS tZiob Ce-£≥

IΩo-j-W¿ _wKmfo Bkmao

apkvenw-Iƒ _w•m-tZio IpSn-tb-

‰-°m-cmbn Bt£-]n®v sIm≠v

Fgp-Xnb teJ\w as‰mcp sR´em-bn.

C¥ybpsS `c-W-L-S-\m-]-camb

Hcp ]Zhn hln-°p∂

hy‡n Atß-b‰w hnI-e-amb

coXn-bn¬ Aÿm-\Øv Hcp hmZ-K


Xn-ap-t∂m´v sh®v Hcp tZiob Zn\-

∏-{X-Øn¬ Fgp-Xm≥ ImWn®

Bthiw Hgn-hm-t°-≠-Xm-bn-cp-

∂p.

C\n-sb¥v?

Ime-ß-fmbn Bkm-anse Iem-]߃

\ap°v Xcp∂ Nne-]m-T-ßfp≠v.

1990Ifnepw C∂pw Ah

H∂p Xs∂-bmWv. Ah Cßs\

t]mIp∂p. H∂v, \m\m-Xz-Øn¬

GIXzw F∂ Bibw

Bkman¬ ]q¿W-ambpw hnP-bn-®n-

´n-√. c≠v, ]e-cp-sSbpw [mc-W-Ifn¬

\n∂v hyXy-kvXambn hn`-P-\-

Øns‚ amdm∏v Ct∏mgpw Npa-°p-

∂Xv a‰m-sc-°mfpw Bkm-anse

apkvenw-I-fm-Wv. aq∂v, t_mtUm

hwi-P¿°v Bkm-an¬ e`n®

cmjv{Sob ]cn-K-W-\, Bkm-anse

kmaq-lnI k¥p-en-Xm-hÿ

apkvenw-Iƒ°v {]Xn-Iq-e-amb

coXn-bn¬ ]p\x-{I-ao-I-cn-®n-´p-≠v.

\mev, A\-[nIrX IpSn-tb-‰-

Øns‚ t]cn¬ Bkm-anse

C¥y≥ ]uc-∑m-cmb apkvenw-

Iƒ°pw am\-lm-\nbpw D]-{Z-h-ßfpw

G¬t°-≠n-h-cp-∂p-≠v. A©v,

Bkm-anse apkvenw-Isf C¥y≥

apkvenw kaq-l-Øns‚ `mK-ambn

ImWm\pw Ah-cpsS {]iv\-ßsf

at‰Xp hn`m-K-Øn-s‚bpw {]iv\ß-sf

t]mse I≠v CSs]´v

kwkmcn°m\pw C¥y-bnse

apkvenw P\-Xbpw apkvenw t\Xr-

Xzhpw Xøm-dm-Ip-∂n-√. DZm-l-c-W-

Øn\,v hmb-\-°m¿°v KpP-dmØpw

Bkmapw Xmc-Xayw sNøm-hp-∂-

Xm-Wv. Bdv, Bkmw `c-W-IqSw

Ahn-SsØ P\-ß-fpsS CS-bn¬

PmXn-hwi aX-t`Z-at\y hnI-k\w

e`n-°p-∂Xv hnP-bn-®n-´n-√. Cu

cmjv{Sob kmaq-lnI bmYm¿Yy߬

a\- n-em-°msX Bkmanse

hn`m-K-ß-sf Ip‰w ]d-n-´v

Ahn-SsØ {]iv\-ßfpw a\- n-em-

°m\pw ]cn-lmcw \n¿tZ-in-

°m\pw \ap°v km[n-°n-√.

Bkm-an\v ]pdØv Pohn-°p∂

apkvenw-I-fmb \Ωƒ a\- n-emt°-≠Xv

Bkm-an-I-fmb apkvenw-

I-fpw C¥y-°m-cmW,v Bkm-an-Isf-√mhcpw

apkvenw-I-fmWv

F∂mW.v t_mws_-bn-sebpw

KpP-dm-Øn-tebpw CX-c- `m-K-ß-fnsebpw

apkven-Isft]mse

Bkm-anse apkvenw-Ifpw

C¥y≥ `c-W-Iq-S-Øn¬ \n∂pw

hnth-N-\hpw Ah-⁄bpw t\cn-

Sp-∂p. BI-bm¬ Bkm-anse

apkvenw-I-fpsS Imcy-Øn¬ C¥ybnse

s]mXp apkvenw t\Xr-

Xzhpw apkvenw P\-Xbpw Ipd-®p-

IqsS ]Izhpw Btcm-Ky-I-c-hpamb

coXn-bn¬ Nn¥n-°Ww F∂v

sXfn®w Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wv.

apkvenw-Iƒ cmjv{So-b-ambpw

{]Xn-I-cWw / Bkmw

kmº-Øn-I-ambpw hnZym-`ym-k-]-cambpw

]ptcm-KXn{]m]n®p

\n¬°p∂ tIcfw t]mep≈

ÿe-ß-fn-te°v Ak-anse

apkvew-Iƒ°v hnZym-`ymk sXmgne-h-k-c-߃

\¬In Ahsc C¥ybnse

s]mXp-k-aq-l-Øns‚ `mKam-°m-\p≈

Bfl-hn-izm-khpw

ss[cyhpw ]I¿∂p \¬I-Ww.

Npcp-°n-∏-d-m¬ C¥y≥

tZio-bX F∂ Bi-b-Øn\v

Bkm-an¬ ]cm-P-b-`o-Xn-bp-≠v.

AhnsS a\p-jy-Xzhpw _lp-kz-c-

Xbpw ]cm-P-b-s∏-´p-Iq-S. AhnsS

\m\m-Xz-Øn¬ GIXzw hnP-bn-

°m-Xn-cp-∂p-Iq-Sm. AhnsS A`bm¿∞n-Iƒ

in£n-s∏-Sp-Itbm

kzØv \in-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-Itbm

sNøm≥ A\p-h-Zn-°-s∏-´pIqSm.

Iem-]-߃ Bh¿Øn-°m\pw

A\p-h-Zn®p IqSm. C{Xbpw Imew

Bkm-an¬ Cu Imcy-߃ \S-∂Xv

IrXy-amb `c-W-˛cm-jv{Sob ]cm-Pb-amWv

F∂-Xn¬ X¿°-an-√. Ncn-

{Xhpw h¿Ø-am-\hpw Htc t]mse

{]Xn-°q-´n¬ \n¬°p∂ Hcp-tIm-S-

Xn-bmWv Bkmw. Bkm-anse P\-

X-bn¬ Du´n-bp-d∏v krjvSn-°m\pw

sFIyw krjvSn-°m\pw \ap°v

Ncn-{X-[m-c-W-I-ƒ ]p\x-kr-jvSn-°-

Ww. h¿Ø-am-\-߃ ]p\x-{I-ao-I-cn-

°-Ww. `mhnsb ]p\¿\n¿h-Nn-°-

Ww.

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 19


{]Xn-I-cWw / kn≥Pn-bmMv

A–p- -aZv Fw.sI Xr°-cn-∏q¿

20

-kn≥Pn-bmMv: ssN\m h≥a-Xn¬

XI¿°-s∏-tS-≠-Xp≠v

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

Dbn-Kq¿ ˛ lm≥ hwiob AXn-t£-]-ß-fpsS _m°n-]-{X-ambn

IΩyq-WnÃv ssN\-bpsS apkvenw hntcm-[-Øn\v Cc-bm-°-s∏-´psIm-≠p-cn-°p∂

apkvenw-I-fpsS Pohn-XsØ hni-I-e\w sNøp-

Im-bm-Wn-hnsS teJ-I≥.

ap≥ amXr-I-bn-√mØ `c-

W-IqS `oI-c-X-bm-bn-cp∂p

ssN\n-bn¬\n∂v C°p-dn-tI´ da-

Zm≥ hnti-jw. {hXm-\p-jvTm-\ßfpw

aXm-Nmc A\p-jvTm-\ßfpw

\ntcm-[n-®p-sIm-≠p≈

B⁄-bm-bn-cp∂p AXv. ssN\nbnse

hS-°p-]-Sn-m¿ hiØv

kn≥Pn-bmMv {]hn-iy-bn¬ AXnh-kn-°p-∂

hnizm-kn-I-fmWv Cu

]pWy-am-k-Øn¬ Bcm-[m\m

kzmX{¥yw \ntj-[n-°-s∏-´-hcmbn

Ign--Xv. Ime-ß-fmbn

ssN\okv k¿°m¿ FXn¿

]£Øv ÿm]n-®n-´p≈ HºXv

Zi-e£w hcp∂ Dgp-Kq¿

apkvenw-I-fmWv kn≥Pn-bm-Mn¬

{][m-\-ambpw AXn-h-kn-°p-∂-Xv.

kn≥Pn-bmMv k¿°m-dns‚

HutZymKnI sh_vssk-‰n-emWv

daZm≥ BZy-Øn¬ hnNn-{X-amb

Cu \ntcm-[-\m⁄ {]kn-≤o-Ir-

XambXv. k¿°m¿ DtZym-K-ÿ¿,

hnZym¿Yn-Iƒ, IΩyq-WnÃv

]m¿´n {]h¿Ø-I¿ XpS-ßn-b-hcm-bn-cp∂p

Cu \nIrjvS \nb-a-

Øn\v Iosg th´-bm-S-s∏-´-h¿.

{]kvXpX \nbaw \S-∏n¬ hcp-

Øm≥ km[y-amb F√m am[y-aßfpw

k¿°m¿ D]-tbm-Kn-®p.

AXp-t]mse hnZym-eb A[n-Ir-

X¿°v apkvenw hnZym¿Yn-Isf

hnZym-e-ß-fn¬ {]th-in-°p-∂Xv

XS-bp-hm\pw IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n

t\Xm-°-tfmSv {]mtZ-inI t\Xm-

°ƒ°pw {]h¿Ø-I¿°pw,

apkvenw-Iƒ apkvenw-Iƒ°v

`£W s]mXn-Iƒ kΩm-\n-

°m\pw Ah ]I¬ ka-bØv

`£n-°p∂psh∂v Dd∏p hcp-

Øm\pw k¿°m¿ DØ-c-hn-´p.

Ah-cpsS Btcm-Ky-ÿnXn Dd-∏p-hcp-Øm\pw

kwc-£n-°m-\p-am-sW-

∂mWv Cu ]ucewL-\-Øn\v

Ah¿ Is≠-Ønb \oXo-I-c-Ww.

hnizm-kn-Iƒ°v t\sc-bp≈

AXn-{I-a-ßfpw ]ucm-h-Imi

ewL-S-\-ßfpw ]pXp-a-bp-≈-X√

F∂mWv t]mb-Ime ssN\okv

hnti-j-߃ hy‡-am-°p-∂-Xv.

Ign h¿jm-¥y-Øn¬ lqbv

hn`m-K-Øn¬ s]´ aX hnizm-kn-IfpsS

akvPnZv XI¿°-s∏-Sp-I-bp-

≠m-bn. an≥knb {]hn-iy-bnse

Sthmj {Kma-Øn¬ ]p\¿ \n¿an-

°-s∏´ ]≈ Bcm-[-\°v k÷ambn

Xpd-∂p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂-Xns‚

GXm\pw Znh-k-߃°p apºm-bn,

]p\¿\n¿amW thf-bntem AXn-

\p-ap-tºm, ]≈n ]Wn-bp-∂-Xn-s\-

Xn-cmbn k¿°m-dns‚ `mKØv

\n∂v H∂p-ap-≠m-bn-√. A{]-Xo-£n-

X-ambn IS-∂p-h∂ h≥ t]meokv

tk\ {]Xn-tcm[w Xo¿Ø

\qtdmfw hnizm-kn-Isf Iogvs]-Sp-

Øn-s°m≠v ]≈n \new ]cn-jm-


°n. G‰p-ap-´-en-\nsS c≠p-t]¿

acn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn.

DbnKq¿ apkvenw-I-fn¬\n∂v

hyXy-kvX-ambn ssN\okv

`mjbpw kwkvIm-chpw Gsd-

°psd kzoI-cn-®n-´p≈ lpbv

hn`m-K-tØmSv kln-jvWp-Xm-]c-ambn

kao-]-\-am-bn-cp∂p CXphsc

k¿°m¿ kzoI-cn-®-Xv.

]t£, hnjbw aX-]-c-am-hptºmƒ

GXp kulr-Zhpw

hnkva-cn-°m-\mWv ssN\

Xm¬]-cy-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Ckvem-ans\bpw

AXns‚ Nn”-ßsfbpw

A\p-jvTm-\-ß-sfbpw

Ah¿ F{X-am{Xw `b-°p∂p

F∂-Xn\v DZm-l-c-W-߃

Gsd-bm-Wv. ssN\-bnse `qcn-

]£ kaq-lhpw k¿°mdpw

Dbn-Kq¿ apkvenw-I-tfmSv kzoIcn-°p∂

\ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ ASp-ØnsS-bmbn

N¿®-sN-ø-s∏-Sp-∂p-

≠v. kXy-Øn¬ ^e-kvXo-\nte-sX∂

t]mse AkvXn-Xz-]c-ambn

Ah-i-X-Iƒ Gsd

A\p-`-hn-°p-∂-h-cmWv Dbn-Kq¿

apkvenw-Iƒ. 1949 se

IΩyqWnÃv k¿°m¿ BtcmlWw

apkvenw kzXzsØ

]q¿W-ambn \ncm-I-cn-®p.

apkven-sa∂ sFU‚n°v

]Icw FXv\nIv {Kq∏p-I-fmbn

Ah¿ XcwXncn-°-s∏-´p.

amthm-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Ønep≈

IΩyq-Wn-Ãv k¿°m¿

ssN\sb kºq¿W-ambn

IΩyq-WnÃv N´-°q-Sn-te°v

HXp-°m≥ a‰p hnizm-k-ßfpw

ho£-W-ßfpw sh®p

]pe¿Øp-∂-hsc {Iqc-ambn

ASn-s®m-Xp-°n. Cu IncmX

hmgv®-bn¬ IqSp-X¬ \jvSw

kw`-hn-®Xv apkvenw-Iƒ°pw

hninjym Dbn-Kq¿ apkvenw-

Iƒ°p-am-bn-cp-∂p. amthm-bpsS

t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ Ac-tß-dnb

kmwkvIm-cnI hnπhw (cultural

revolution -1966 -76)

IΩyq-Wn-k-Øns‚ kp-Nn-X-

Xzhpw Ak-ln-jvW-Xpbpw

hy‡-am-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp-

]mSv Bcm-[-\m-b-ßfpw hnZyme-ßfpw

AS-®p-]q´n Ad-_ntbmSv

kam-\-ambn {]mtZ-inI

Fgp-Øp-`mj \ntcm-[n-®p. FXn¿Øp-

\n¬°p-∂-hsc sIm∂p-X-≈n. Dbp-

Kq¿ `qcn-]£ {]tZ-i-amb kn≥Pn-bm-

Mn¬ `qcn-]£ lm≥ kaq-lsØ

henbtXmXn¬ A[n-h-kn-∏n-®p. A∂v

tIhew ct≠m aqt∂m iX-am\w

am{X-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ lm≥ kaqlw

C∂v \m¬]Xv iX-am-\-ambn amdn

Ahn-sS.

1976 HmsS kmwkvIm-cnI hnπhw

Ah-km-\n-s®-nepw apkvenw hncp≤

\ne-]m-Sn¬ am‰-sam-∂p-ap-≠m-bn-√.

am{X-a-√, Cu ASp-Ømbn ]Sn-m-dnte-Xp-t]mseCkvem-tam-t^m-_n-bbn¬

`oI-c-hmZ Btcm-]-W-ßfpw

ssN\-bn¬ k÷o-h-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p.

AtX XpS¿∂v kn≥Pn-bmMv {]hniy

\mƒ°p-\mƒ Iem]`qanbmbns°m≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.AXn-\pti-jhpw

\nc-¥cw h¿Kob

kwL¿j-߃°v kn≥Pn-bmMv

km£n-bm-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Cu

h¿jm-Zy-Øn¬ kn≥Pn-bm-Mnse Dbp-

Kq¿ apkvenw-Isf {]tXy-In®pw

cmjv{Sob t\Xm-°sf apgp-h-\mbn

Xo{h-hmZ hntZi _‘-߃ Btcm-

]n®v Pbn-en-e-S-°p-Itbm hntZi

hmkw hn[n-°p-Itbm sNbvXp. Dbp-

Kq-dnse kap-∂X ka-c-\m-bnI

dm_nb JmZ¿ Ch-cn¬ Hcm-fmbn

{]Xn-I-cWw / kn≥Pn-bmMv

Hm¨sse≥ N¿®-Ifpw kwhm-Z-ßfpw ¢mkp-Ifpw F√mw

I¿i\ \nb-{¥-W-Øn-em-Wv. Xß-fpsS \oN IrXy-߃ ]pdwtemIw

Adn-bm-Xn-cn-°m≥ ssN\ h≥aXn¬ Xo¿°p-I-bm-Wv.

Ata-cn-°-bn¬ Ign-p-Iq-Sp-I-bm-

Wv. CXn-s\-Xnsc Db-cp∂ {]Xntj[

i_vZ-ßsf Imbn-I-ambmWv

t\cn-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv

2009 se lm≥ Dbp-Kq¿ Iem-

]-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm\w k¿°mdns‚

hnth-N\ \ne-]m-Sm-bn-cp-∂p.

Ckvemw t]Sn shfpØ sXmen-°-

°Øv am{X-a-√, IΩyq-WnÃv

ssN\-bnepw k÷o-h-am-sW∂v

ÿnXn-K-Xn-Iƒ hy‡-am-°p-∂p.

kmt-XnI hnZy-bpsS klm-btØmsS

temIw IqSp-X¬ kpZmcy-am-hp-tºmƒ

ssN\ IqSp-X¬

\nKq-Vhpw {]mIr-X-hp-am-hm-\mWv

{ian-°p-∂-Xv. tkmjy≥

s\‰vh¿°p-Isf IqSp-X¬ `b-∏mtSm-sS-bmWv

ssN\ ho£n-°p-

∂Xv. Hm¨sse≥ N¿®-Ifpw

kwhm-Z-ßfpw ¢mkp-Ifpw F√mw

I¿i\ \nb-{¥-W-Øn-em-Wv. XßfpsS

\oN IrXy-߃ ]pdwtemIw

Adn-bm-Xn-cn-°m≥ ssN\

h≥aXn¬ Xo¿°p-I-bm-Wv.

AXn¬ Hc-f-thmfw Ah¿ hnPbn®p

F∂p Xs∂ ]d-bmw. Imc-

Ww, temI {i≤ C\nbpw ssN\bn¬

FØn-bn-´n-√. apkvenw

cmjv{S t\Xm-°ƒ KmV au\-Ønem-Wv.

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 21


IhnX

apkm-^n¿

22

Ddpºv

sIm´-j≥ sImSpØp ]√n-°v,

]m‰sb X´m≥,

]®ne

a-bn-esb Acnp hogvØm≥

Im‰n\pw

DØ-c-Øn-en-cp∂v

Nne-¥n-bΩ tXßn.

amsm-ºn-en-cp∂v

AÆm-c-°pv

hmen-´-Sn®p Ic-p.

then-∏-S¿∏n-en-cp∂v ]qØm-ocn

tLmcm-tLmcw {]kw-Kn-®p.

F∂n-´pw,

A∂¿[-cm-{Xn°v, Im‰v˛

amhn-e-bpsS Igp-Ø-dp-Øp.

shfn®w IÆp-an-gn®p \n¬s°

]√n-Iƒ ]m‰sb

hf-n´p sh´n...

sImt´j≥

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

]nt‰-∂v,

Nph¿ tNcn-I-fnepw

amt©mSp-I-fnepw

A\p-tim-N-\-Øn-c-°v.

{]Xn-tj[ PmY.

l¿Øm-em-tLm-jw..

At∏m-gpw,

Iq¿Ø Zwjv{S-Iƒ

AI-tØ°v HXp-°n-sh®v

Nncn-®p-I-fn®p HmSn\-S∂p

Ddpºp {]am-Wn-am¿.

Ce-∏-S¿∏p-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬

ASpØ Ccsb tXSn

Im‰pw.

HSp-hn¬

a°-fpsS kvt\lw I≠p

kln-sI´-t∏mƒ

`qan amXmhv

sImt´-j≥ sImSpØp,

ssZh-Øn-\v...!

Hcp kp\man

As√-n¬,

Hcp dnIvS¿ kvssIen\pw Af-°m-

\m-hmØ

Hcp Ipep-°¬.

Hscm‰ Ipep-°¬...!


IpSpw_ sXfn®w

\nkmw sNΩmSv

Iivao-cnse apkvenw-Iƒ da-Zm≥ amkw ]´m-]-I¬ I´≥Nmb

IpSn-°p-∂-h-cm-Wv. AXpw XmSn-sh®v... sXm∏n-bn´v... As√-

nepw hnh-c-an-√mbva Hcp Ip‰-a-√-t√m... ]ns∂ tIc-fo-bcpw

Iivaocpw XΩn-ep≈ hyXym-k-sa-¥m-Wv.

apkvenw kzXzw:

NneXp ]d-bmsX hø

ÿew Imivao-cnse

Ckvem-am-_mZv \K-cw. (atX-

XchXvI-c-W-Øns‚ NphSv ]nSn®v

HutZym-KnI tcJ-I-fn¬ C∂o \-

K-c-Øns‚ t]cv "A\-¥v\mKv'

F∂m°nam‰n-bn-cn-°p∂p Fnepw

Np-d-∏p≈ apkvenw-Iƒ CXns\

Ckvem-am-_mZv F∂p Xs∂-bmWv

hnfn-°p-∂Xv).

kabw da-Zm≥ amkw cmhnse

Ggp-aWn Ign-n-´p-≠m-hWw.

_Ãm‚ns‚ t\sc FXn¿h-i-

Øp≈ Nmb-°S Nm°n≥ adbØv

Xpd∂v {]h¿Ø-\-am-cw-`n-®n-

´p-≠v.

Ib-dn-h-cp∂ Htcm-cp-Ø-tcm-

Smbn R߃ t]c-t\z-jn®p.

Aiv^Jv alv_q_v

X≥ho-dp¬ lJv

dnkvhm≥ Iuk¿

bmsXmcp `mh-t`-Z-hp-an-√msX,

F∂m¬ sXs√m-c-`n-am-\-tØmsS

Xs∂ F√m-hcpw t]cp-]-d-p.

F√m-h-cp-sSbpw s\Sp-\o-f≥

apkvenw t]cp-Iƒ... Nne"Xo{h

kp∂n-Iƒ' sXm∏nbpw [cn-®n-´p-≠v.

NqSp-Nm-bbpw IpSn®v NqSp-≈

hnti-j-ßfpw ]p-sh- -®pah¿

Gsd-t\cw Ahn-sS-bn-cp∂p.

** ** **

CXv C-°-gn da-Zm-\n¬

Imivao-cn¬ \n∂v ]I¿Ønb

G‰hpw ]pXnb Nn{X-am-Wv. aX-

Øns‚ {]mY-anI ]mT-߃

t]mepw th≠-hn[w ]Tn-°m≥

Ah-kcw e`n-°mØ Imivaocn

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 23


IpSpw_ sXfn®w

P\-X-bpsS Nn{Xw. Sm-dp-I-fpsSbpw

shSn-sbm-®-I-fp-sSbpw \Sphn¬

acn-°m-Xn-c-°m≥ th≠nam{Xw

Pohn-°m≥ hn[n-°-s∏´

Imivaocn apkvenw-I-fp-sS Nn{Xw.

apkven-ambn ]nd-∂-Xn¬ Du‰w

sIm≈p-∂-h-cmWv sXmÆq‰n F´v

iX-am-\-Øn-e-[n-I-ap≈ Chn-sSbp≈

apkvenw-Ifpw. XmSnsh®pw

\of≥ Pp∫-[-cn®pw Ah¿

apkvenw kzXzw ImØp-kq-£n-°p-

∂p-ap-≠v. F∂m¬ kzX-{¥-ambn

aX-{]-h¿Ø-\-߃ \S-Ømt\m,hyh-ÿm-]n-Xhpw

kwL-Sn-X-hp-amb

hnZym-`ymk {]{In-b°v XpS°w

Ipdn-°p-hmt\m Ct∂-hsc

Ch¿°v Ign-n-´n√. tIc-f-Ønse∂

t]mse aZvdkm{]ÿm-

\tam hnZym-{]-k-cW kwkvImctam

Chn-sS-bn-√.

kz¬]w aX-t_m-[-ap-≈h¿Xs∂

Xo{h-hm-Zn-bmbn ap{Z-Ip-

Ø-s∏-Sp-sa∂ `b-Øm¬ au\-

24

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

Øns‚ hm¬ao-I-Øn¬ Hfn-®p-

\n¬°p∂ ]XnXm-h-ÿ-bm-Wn-hnsS.

ImcWw ap{Zm-hmIyw apg-°n-bhcpw

G‰p-hn-fn-®-h-cp-amcpw Ct∂hsc

shfn®w I≠n-´n√. kn.-B¿.-

]n.-F-^ns‚ AXn¿ØnIm°m-

\p≈ Im°n°m]m-en-Iƒ kIe

AXn¿Øn-Ifpw ewLn®v hoSp-IfpsS

Ac-a-\-bnepw A¥-]p-c-Øpsa√mw

Ib-dn-\n-c-ßp∂ kw{`m-¥-

P-\-I-amb ÿnXn hnti-j-am-WnhnsS

\ne-\n¬°p-∂-Xv.

Xo{h-hmZ `oj-Wn-bpsS

t]cn¬ apkvenw-kw-L-S-\-Iƒ°v

apgp-h≥ Iq®p-hn-e-ßn´v aX-]-cambn

ifio-I-cn-°-s∏´ ]pXp-X-eap-d-bmWv

Imivao-cn-t‚-Xv. Cu

\mSn∂v th≠n i_vZn® \mhp-Isf√mw

]ngp-sX-dn-b-s∏´p Ign-ncn-°p-∂p.

C\n-sb{X D®-Øn¬

B¿Øp-I-cmepw ]pdw-temIw

tIƒ°mØ cq]-Øn¬ aqI-am-bnt∏m-bn-cn-°p∂p

Imivao¿.

kn.-B¿.-]n.-F-^ns‚ AXn¿ØnIm°m-\p≈ Im°n°m]m-en-

Iƒ kIe AXn¿Øn-Ifpw ewLn®v hoSp-I-fpsS Ac-a-\-bnepw

A¥-]p-c-Øp-sa√mw Ib-dn-\n-c-ßp∂ kw{`m-¥-P-\-I-amb ÿnXn

hnti-j-am-Wn-hnsS \ne-\n¬°p-∂-Xv.

tIƒhn-bn-√mØhcpsS

temIsØ \ne-hn-fn-bmWv

Imivao¿. Ims°m-sØm-≈m-bncw

apkvenw kwL-S-\-Iƒ am{X-ap≈

tIc-f-Øn¬ Cu \mhp-\-jvS-s∏´

P\-X-°p-th≠n i_vZ-ap-b¿Øm≥

t]mepw Np-d-∏n-√m¿°pw. Xo{hhmZn

G‰p-ap-´-em-bmepw cmjv{Sob

kwL-´-\-Øn-ep-am-bm-se√mw

sIm∂p-X-≈-s∏-Sp-∂Xv apgp-h≥

apkvenw-I-fm-sW∂v Xnc-®-dnhv

\jvS-am-bn-cn-°p∂p \ap-°v. As√-

n¬ I≠n´pw ImWm-ØXp

t]mse \Sn-°p∂p \mw.

hniz-km-tlm-Z-cy-amWv Ckvemans‚

\bw. temIsØ apgp-h≥

apkvenw-Ifpw Hscm‰ icocw

t]mse-bm-Wv. AXn-sem-c-h-b-h-

Øn\v s\m¥m¬ apgp-i-co-chpw

t\mhp-∂-t]m-se-bm-sW-∂mWv

{]hm-N-Im-[ym-]-\w. F∂m¬ kl-

Pkvt\-lhpw klm-\p-`q-Xn-bpsa√mw

^vfIvkv t_m¿Up-I-fnte°pw,

eLp-te-J-I-fn-te-°pw

IpSn-tb-dnb Ime-am-Wt√m CXv.

apkvenw _m\-dn¬ sRfnv \-S-

°p-tºmgpw Id-I-f atX-

Xccmhm≥ th≠n aXsØ Xs∂

sIme°v sImSp°p∂ I]S

cmjv{So-b-°mcpsS Imew.


Iivao¿ F∂p tIƒ°p-tºmtg°pw

ap´v hnd-°p∂, Ahn-sSbp≈

apkven-I-tfmSv X߃°v

]pe-_‘w t]mep-an-s√∂v \mgn-

I°v \m\q-dp-h´w Bsctbm

t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øm-s\-∂-t]mse

{]kvXm-h\ Cd-°p-∂-h-cpsS

Imew.

apkvenw kzXzw ChnsS Hcp

]mgvhm-°m-Wv. \Ωfpw Iivao-cn-

Ifpw,B-km-an-Ifpw A©p-t\cw

Ipºn´v kmjvSmwKw \an-°p-∂-Xv

Htc-sbmcp Jn_vebnte-°msW∂

t_m[w \ap-°n-√msX

t]mbn-cn-°p-∂p. Bflo-b-X-bpsS

A¥-kØ hn\-jvS-amb Nne

tNjvS-Ifpw {]I-S-\-ß-fp-ambn

\ΩpsS Ckvemw Npcp-ßn-bn-cn-°p-

∂p.

Chn-sS-bmWv Iivao-cn-Ifpw

tIc-fo-bcpw XΩnse hyXymkw.

Aen^pw _mDw XmDw Adn-bns√nepw,

da-Zm≥ amkw Hcp

I´≥ Nmb-Ip-Sn-°p-∂-Xv A{X-henb

]mX-I-sam-∂p-a-s√∂v a\- nem-°n-sh-®-h-\msW-nepw,

Xms\mcp apkv¬am-\m-sW∂v

B¿÷-h-tØmsS ]d-bm≥ Nq-‰ap-≈-h-\mWv

Iivao-cn-sbn¬ \mw

t\sc Xncn-®m-Wv. \ΩpsS kzXzw

CXp-hsc tNmZy-sN-ø-s∏-´n-´n-√.

AXp-sIm≠v \ap°p \ΩpsS

aln-X-]m-c-º-cy-Øns‚ hne-bp-a-dnbn-√.

F∂m¬ sFU‚n‰n \nc- -¥cw

tNmZy-sN-ø-s∏´p sIm≠n-cn-

°p∂Xn\m-em-hWw Iivao-cnse

Imense Nph-∏p-am-dmØ ]n©p-

_m-ey-߃ t]mepw apkven-amsW∂v

Bth-i-tØmsS ]d-bp-∂-

Xv. \Avdtb XIv_o¿ F√mw

ad∂v apg-°p-∂-Xv...

apkvenw kzXzw F∂ kXy-

Øn-te°v \mw C\nbpw ImX-߃

k©-cn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. tIc-fm-

Xn¿Øn-hn-´m¬ C¥y-bn-em-I-am\w

]c-∂p-In-S-°p∂ apkvenw

ss]XrI `qan-Ifpw aX-Iob

Nn”-ß-fp-sa√mw A\ym-[o-\s∏´pt]m-hp-Itbm

A\m-Y-ambn

InS-°p-Itbm sNøp-I-bm-Wv.

Xo¿Øpw hmWn-Py-h-XvI-cn-°-s∏´

Nne Ducpw-t]-cp-an-√mØ aJv_-d-

I-fn¬ ]qhn´p ]qPn®pw, h≥

bmN-I-k-∂m-l-sam-cp-°nbw aX-

Øns‚ A¥-k-Øbpƒs°m≈msX

Nn”-ß-sf -

am{Xw A‘ambn hmcn-∏p-W¿∂pw

Ign-bp-I-bmWv `qcn-]£

IpSpw_ sXfn®w

apkvenwI-fpw. C¥y-bnse _lpkzc

kaq-l-Øn¬ \yq\m¬\yq-\-

]-£-amb knJv kap-Zmbw C∆n-jb-Øn¬

\ap°v XnI-- am-Xr-Ibm-Wv.

aXw A\p-im-kn-°p∂ N´-

°q-´n-\-I-Øp-\n∂p sIm≠p-Xs∂

Hcp kap-Zm-b-sa∂ \ne-bn¬ A[n-

Imc kncm-tI-{µ-ß-fnepw

cmjv{Sob s]mXp-ta-J-e-I-fnepw

Ah¿ t\Sn-sb-SpØ A\n-tj-[yÿm\w

CX-c- aX-ÿsc \mWn-∏n-

°p∂ Xc-Øn-em-Wv. \ap°v

U¬ln Ppam akvPnZv Hcp {]mhph-f¿Ø¬

tI{µhpw, B¿°pw

Ft∏mgpw Ibdn btYjvSw

t^mt´m ]I¿Øm-\p-ap≈ SqdnÃv

kvt]m´m-sW-n¬ Ah¿°v

kph¿W t£{Xw CsXm-∂p-a-√.

Hmtcm knJv ktlm-Z-c-s‚bpw

s]mXpkaq-l-Ønse CSw \n¿Wbn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-hm≥

am{Xw AXv

AWn-I-fn-te°v Bgv∂n-d-ßn-bn-´p-

≠v.

`mjm˛tZi˛h¿K-˛-h¿W

sshPm-Xy-߃°-Xo-X-ambn Hcp

apkvenw kzXz-t_m[w \Ωn¬

Dbn¿sIm-s≠-n¬ am{Xta

apkvenamsW∂v \mw ]d-p-\-S-

°p-∂-Xn\v Hc¿∞w ssIh-cq.

F∂v Npcp-°w.

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 25


26

\nco-£Ww

apl-ΩZv døm≥

sXfn®w sk]vXw-_¿ amknI 2012

IpS-Øn¬ \n∂pw NmSnb `qX-sØ-t]mse Agn-aXn cmPy-

Øns‚ F√m `c-W-tI-{µ-ß-fnepw Ib-dn-bn-d-ßp-I-bm-Wv.

kvX{¥m-\¥c `mcXw Cu sh√p-hn-f-Isf F∂msWm∂v AXn-

Po-hn-°p-I. hgn-I-f-t\z-jn-°p-I-bmWv teJ-I≥.

kzX{¥ cmPysØ Kn\n-∏-∂n-Iƒ

kqcy-\-kvX-an-°mØ

{_n´ojv km{am-Py-Øns‚ Bÿm-

\-am-bn-cp∂ e≠≥ \K-c-Øn¬

ap∏Øn c≠m-aXv Hfn-ºn-Ivkn\p

HmKÃv 12 \v Xnc-»oe Xmgv∂n-cn-°p-

I-bm-Wv. C¥y c≠v sh≈nbpw

c≠v HmSpw t\Sn \m´n-te°v

hnam\w Ib-dn. HmKÃv 15\v \mw

cmPy-Øns‚ kzmX-{¥y-Øns‚

Adp-]-Ø©mw ]nd-∂mƒ Zn\hpw

BtLm-jn-®p. Hfn-ºnIvkv thZnbmb

e≠≥ \Kcw I≠p sIm≠ncn-°p-tºmƒ,

AXns‚ cq]emhWyw

Sn.-hn- Nm\epIƒ shfn-

®-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ

a n-eqsS IS∂p t]mbXv Cu

ImWp∂ Xnf-°-sa√mw temIsØ

]mh-s∏´ [mcmfw cmPy-ß-sfbpw

a\p-jy-scbpw sIm≈-b-Sn®pw

NqjWw sNbvXpw t\Sn-b-Xm-

Wt√m F∂m-Wv. Ahn-SpsØ

sI´n-S-߃ Ae--cn-°p∂ ac-ßfpsS

]Wn-Ø-c-ß-fn¬ \ne-ºq¿

ImSp-I-fnse t]cp tI´ tX°p-

Iƒ D≠m-Ip-at√m? am©-Ã-dnse

XpWn-an-√p-Isf c£n-°m≥ {_n´ojp-Im¿

sNbvXXv _wKm-fnse

]mc-ºcy s\bvØp sXmgn-em-fn-IfpsS

hncep-Iƒ apdn®p If-bp-Ibm-Wv.

Aß-s\-bp-≠mb Xnf-°amWv

e≠≥ \K-c-Øn-t‚-sX∂p

Hfn-ºnIvkv dnt∏m¿´p sNøm≥

t]mb Hcp ]{X-°m-c\pw Fgp-Xn-

°-≠n-√. tdmU-cn-Inse tSmbvse


‰p-I-sf-°p-dn®pw tIcf `£Ww

hnf-ºp∂ sdtÃm-d‚p-I-sf-°pdn®pw

a‰pw s]men-∏n-s®-gp-Xptºmƒ

\ΩpsS apXp-sI√v NX®v

IS∂p t]mb

sh≈°mcs\°pdn®v Fgp-Xp-∂Xv

A\p-Nn-X-a-t√.

a[pcw hnX-cWw sNbvXpw

sI´n-∏n-Sn®pw cmPyw kzmX-{¥y-Zn-

\w BtLm-jn-°p-tºmƒ Atemk-c-ß-fp-≠m-°p∂

Nne tNmZy߃

IqSn tNmZn-°m≥ \mw

_m[y-ÿ-cm-Wv. kzmX{¥yw Aek-am-b,

\nb-{¥-W-ß-fn-√mØ

Pohn-X-a√ {]Zm\w sNøp-∂Xv.

henb DØchmZn-Xz-Øns‚ t]cm-

W-Xv. Hcmƒ tamN-\hpw kzmX-

{¥yhpw t\Sp∂p F∂p ]d-bptºmƒ

kz¥w Imcy-߃

t\mt°≠ DØ-c-hm-ZnXzhpw Npa-

X-ebpw Gs‰-Sp-°-W-sa-∂m-Wv.

{_n´o-jp-Im¿ \ap°v X∂psh∂v

]d-bp∂ kzmX{¥yw F¥pam{Xw

Npa-X-em-t_m-[-tØmsS \n¿h-ln-

°m≥ Ignp F∂p Imcy-amb

Btem-Nn-t°≠ kabw IqSn-bm-

Wt√m CXv. A¨ hmSn-°p-´n-

Iƒ ap´mbn Duºp-Ibpw kvIqƒ

hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ ]mbkw IpSn-°p-

Ibpw sNø-t´. AtX kabw

\mw apXn¿∂-h¿ cmPy-Øns‚

P\m-[n-]-Xyw, atX-X-c-Xzw, AJ-

WvU-X, kmaq-lnI \oXn, `c-W-

\n¿hlWw, P\-ß-fpsS Bflm-`nam\w

apX-em-b-hsb°pdn-®p≈

Btem-N-\-I-fn¬ apgp-tI-≠-Xp-≠v.

Ign kzmX-{¥y-Zn-\-Øn\p

cmPy-Øn\p \¬Inb ktµ-i-ØnemWv

{][m-\-a-{¥n tUm.-a≥taml≥

knwKv Xs‚ Iøn¬ Agn-a-

Xnsb XSp-°m≥ Ign-bp∂

am{¥nI hSn-bn-s√∂p {]Jym-]n®p

If--Xv. IpS-Øn¬ \n∂p

NmSnb `qXsØt∏mse Agn-aXn

cmPy-Øns‚ F√m `c-W-tI{µ-ßfnepw

Ib-dn-bn-d-ßp∂ ImgvNbmWv

I≠p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

cmPyw A\p-`-hn-°p∂ G‰hpw

henbm Xn≥a Cu `qXw Xs∂-bm-

Wv. kmaq-lnI \oXn-sbbpw P\t£-a-sØbpw

s]mXp XmXv]-cysØbpw

A´n-a-dn®p s]mXp-J-P-

\mhv Nne hy‡n-I-fpsS t]m°-‰p-

I-fn-te°v Hgp-Ip-∂Xv AXy¥w

thZ-\m-P-\-I-amb ImgvN-bm-Wv.

A`n-\h Km‘n AÆm-l-km-cbpsS

t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ U¬lnbn¬

\S∂ kXym-{K-l߃°p

In´nb kzoIm-cyX

s]mXp-P\w {]tXy-In®v sNdp-

∏-°m¿ lkmsc Soa-s\m∏w

\n¬°p∂p F∂-X-√, AgnaXns°-Xn-scbpwI≈-∏-W-Øns\-Xn-scbpw

\n¬°p∂p F∂m-

Wv sXfn-bn-°p-∂-Xv. kmº-

ØnI amµyw A¥m-cmjv{S

kmº-ØnI hyh-ÿ-bn-ep-≠m-

°nb CSn-hmWv sNdp-∏-°msc

Cu ka-c-km-l-Øn-te°p

t{]cn-∏n® LS-Iw F∂p \nco-

£n-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. sXmÆq-dp-

Iƒ°p tij-ap-≠mb sF.Sn

hnZym-`ym-k-Øn-eqsS Db¿∂p

h∂ bphm-°-fpsS kz]v\-`q-

\nco-£Ww

anI bqtdm-]y≥ Ata-cn-°≥ \K-cßfpw

C¥y-bnse Xs∂ sF.Sn \Kc-ß-fp-am-bn-cp-∂p.

F∂m¬ kmº-

ØnI amµyw Ch-cpsS kz]v\߃°p

ta¬ Icn-\n-g¬ hogvØp-

Ibpw Ch-cpsS {i≤ IqSp-X¬

DW¿thmsS C¥y-sb∂ bmYm¿∞y-

Øn\p ta¬ ]Xn- -°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.

Agn-a-Xnbpw {Ia-cm-ln-Xyhpw Acßp

hmgp∂ C¥ysb BZy-am-sbt∂mWw

ImWp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p Cu

bph-Xp¿°n-Iƒ. CtX ka-b-ØmWv

lkmsc Soans‚ cmweoem

ssaXm\w {]IS\w Ac-tß-dp-∂-Xv.

Ah¿ Iq´-ambn ka-c-∏-¥-en-te°v

X≈n-°-b-dp-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]t£,

cmPy-Øn-s‚bpw bphm-°-fp-sSbpw

s]mXp {]iv\-ß-sfbpw Xm¬]-cy-ßsfbpw

{]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn-°m≥ Ign-bp∂

£aX A`n-\h Km‘n-sb∂

IpS-Øn¬ \n∂p NmSnb `qXsØt∏mse Agn-aXn cmPy-Øns‚

F√m `c-W-tI{µ-ß-fnepw Ib-dn-bn-d-ßp∂ ImgvN-bmWv I≠p

sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. kmaq-lnI \oXn-sbbpw P\-t£-a-sØbpw

s]mXp XmXv]-cy-sØbpw A´n-a-dn®p s]mXp-J-P-\mhv Nne

hy‡n-I-fpsS t]m°-‰p-I-fn-te°v Hgp-Ip-∂Xv AXy¥w thZ-\m-

P-\-I-amb ImgvN-bm-Wv.

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 27


\nco-£Ww

C¥y-sb∂ almcmPysØ F{X sh≈n-°m-in\v H‰p-sIm-Sp°mw F∂mWv Chn-SpsØ AØm-ghn-cp-∂p-I-fnse

sIm®p-h¿Ø-am-\-߃. A¥m-cmjv{S Xe-Øn¬ Xs∂ acp∂v Kth-j-W-Øn\p

G‰hpw sNehp Ipd coXn-bn¬ icocw e`n-°p∂ cmPyw C¥y-bm-sW∂ hm¿Ø IqSn CXnt\mSv

tN¿Øp hmbn-°p-I.

lkmsc {]Xo-I-Øn-\p-≠m-bn-cp-

∂n-s√∂p thK-Øn¬ sXfn-p.

cmjv{So-b-∏m¿´n cq]o-I-cn-°m-\p≈

lkm-sc-bpsS Xocp-am-\-tØmsS

s]m≈-bmb _eq-Wn-\-IsØ

iq\yX \mw Xncn-®-dn-p. `cn-

°p∂ k¿°m-dns\ Aÿn-c-s∏-Sp-

Øp-I, kwL-]-cn-hmdns\

_es∏SpØpI F∂ s]mXp-an-

\naw ]cn-]m-Sn-b-√msX H∂n-ans√∂

kXyw Ct∏mƒ IqSp-X¬

sXfn-n-cn-°p-∂p. \oe-Øn-¬

NmSnb Ipdp-°\p bYm¿∞ \ndw

IqSp-X¬ Imew ad®p sh°m≥

Ign-bn-√-t√m.

U¬ln A¥m-cmjv{S hnam-\-

Øm-hf \n¿Ωm-Ww, I¬°-cn-∏m-S߃,

h≥InS sshZyp-tXm¬∏m-

Z\ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ F∂n-h-sb-°p-dn-

®p≈ I¨t{Sm-f¿ B‚ v HmUn-‰¿

P\-dn-en(kn.-F.Pn)s‚ dnt∏m¿´p-

Iƒ Ct∏mƒ ]pdØv h∂n-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv.

dne-b≥kv, Sm‰m, Pn≠m¬,

kn.-Fw.-B¿, F m¿ XpSßnb

kzImcy Iº-\n-Iƒ°v cmPy-

Øns‚ Bbn-c-°-W-°n\v tImSn

cq] e`n® hnh-c-ß-fmWv Cu

dnt∏m¿´p-I-fn-eqsS shfn-®-s∏-´n-cn-

°p-∂-Xv. 3.8 e£w tImSn cq]-

28

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

bpsS em`-amWv kzImcy Iº-\n-

Iƒ D≠m-°n-bn-cn-°p∂Xv

F∂mWv dnt∏m¿´v.

CXn¬ teew Hgn-hm°n

I¬°-cn-∏m-S-߃ t\Sn-sb-Sp-Ø-

Xn-eqsS Iº-\n-Iƒ em`n-®n-cn-°p-

∂Xv 1.8 e£w tImSn cq]-bm-Wv.

Sp Pn kvs]Iv{Sw Ipw`-tIm-W-ØneqsS

JP-\m-hn\v \jvS-am-b Ht∂ap-°m¬

e£w tImSn cq]- F∂

sdt°m¿Uv t`Zn-°p-∂-XmWv Cu

IW-°v. s]mXp-ta-Jem ÿm]-\amb

tImƒ C¥y enan-‰-Uns\

Ah-K-Wn®v hnhn[ kwÿm-\-ßfnse

194 tªm°p-I-fmWv 2004

apX¬ 2011 hsc-bp≈ Ime-b-fhn¬

kzImcy hyh-km-bn-Iƒ°v

J\-\-Øn\p \¬In-b-Xv. J\\w

sNøp∂ I¬°cn dnb-e≥kv ]hdns‚

sshZypX ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°v D]tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂XpwN´-hn-cp-≤am-bm-sW∂p

dnt∏m¿´v Nq≠n-°m-

´p-∂p. DØ-tc¥y apgp-h≥ Ccp-´nem≠

kao-]-Im-esØ hm¿Ø-

Iƒ \mw hmbn-®n-cp-∂p. CØcw

taJ-e-I-fn¬ \n∂v k¿°m¿ amdn

\n¬°p-Ibpw kzImcy IpØ-I-

Iƒ°v Ah Xosd-gp-Xp-Ibpw

sNøp-∂Xv cmPy-Øns‚ `mhn

Ftßm-´mWv \oßp-∂Xv F∂-

Xns‚ hy‡-amb kqN-\-bm-Wv.

P\m-[n-]Xyw Nne kº-∂-cpsSbpw

hyh-km-bn-I-fp-sSbpw ASp-

°-f-°m-cy-am-Ip-∂Xpw `c-W-

I¿Øm-°ƒ Ah-cpsS Z√mƒamcmbn

A[:]Xn-°p-Ibpw

sNøp∂p. C¥y-sb∂

almcmPysØ F{X sh≈n-°min\v

H‰p-sIm-Sp°mw F∂mWv

Chn-SpsØ AØm-g-hn-cp-∂p-Ifnse

sIm®p-h¿Ø-am-\-߃.

A¥m-cmjv{S Xe-Øn¬ Xs∂

acp∂v Kth-j-W-Øn\p G‰hpw

sNehp Ipd coXn-bn¬ icocw

e`n-°p∂ cmPyw C¥y-bm-sW∂

hm¿Ø IqSn CXn-t\mSv tN¿Øp

hmbn-°p-I. BZn-hm-kn-Iƒ, Kncnh¿K°m¿,

]mh-s∏-´-h¿ F∂n-ßs\-bp≈

]m¿iz-h¬IrX P\-XbmWv

CXn\p hnt[-b-cm-Ip-∂Xv

F∂v Hm¿°p-I. \ΩpsS

{]IrXnkºØpw `qanbpw

sh≈hpw h\hpw s]mXp-P\ icochpw

apX-em-fn-am¿°v Xosd-gp-

Xp∂ ImesØ \sΩ hnfnt°≠Xv

kzX{¥ cmPysØ

]uc≥am-sc-∂-√, Kn\n-∏-∂n-

Isf∂m-Wv.


imkv{Xw / c≠v

Pm_n¿ kn, U¬ln bq\n-th-gvkn‰n

KWn-X-im-kv{X-Ønepw `uXnI imkv{X-Ønepw Ckvem-an∂v

A\n-tj-[y- `mK-t[-b-ap-≠v. Cu s]m°nƒs°mSn _‘sØ

Ncn{X ]n≥_-e-tØmsS hnh-cn-°p-I-bm-Wn-hn-sS.

Ncn-{X-sa-gp-Xp∂ ka-hm-Iy-߃

KWn-X-imkv{Xw

KWn-X-imkv{X Ncn-{X-

Øns‚ \mgn-I-°-√p-Iƒ Ão^≥

tlm°nwKv Xs‚ ssZhw A°ßsf

krjvSn-®p(God created the

integers) F∂ ]pkvX-I-Øn¬

t{ImUo-I-cn®v sh°p-∂p≠v.

temIsØ BZysØ {]_e-amb

sshZy-imkv{X {KŸw bq¢n-

Uns‚ aqe-I-ß-ƒ BWv.

AXn\ptijw B¿°n-an-Uo-kns‚bpw

Utbm-^m‚-kn-s‚bpw

kw`m-h-\-Iƒ KWn-X-imkv{X

temIØv A\¿L-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂p.

Pyman-Xob cq]-ß-fnepw kwJy-IfpsS

{Ib-hn-{I-b-ß-fnepw am{Xw

HXpßn \n∂n-cp∂ KWn-X-im-

kv{X-sØ {]mtbm-Kn-Ihpw kmt-

Xn-I-hp-amb hnIm-k-Øn-\p-X-Ipwhn[w

hnπ-h-I-camb hn[-Øn¬

]cn-h¿Øn-∏n-®Xv BƒPn-{_-bm-Wv.

B[p-\nI imkv{X-Øns‚ D¤hØnepw

hnem-k-Ønepw G‰hpw

henb ]p-h-ln® imkv{X imJ

BƒPn-{_-bm-sW∂ Imcyw Ahn-

X¿°n-X-am-Wv. {]]©-Ønse Ne-

\-hn-N-e-\-ß-fpw ÿnXn-t`-Zß-fpw

hyh-ÿm-]n-Xhpw {]h-N-\m-Xo-X-hpambka-hm-Iy-߃°-Sn-ÿm-\-ØnemWv

F∂ bmYm¿∞y-amWv

B[p-\nI imkv{X-Øns‚ ASn-Ød.

kmam\y Ne\w apX¬ AXn-k-

o¿W-amb IymHm-kp-Iƒ hsc

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 29


imkv{Xw

Pyman-Xob cq]-ß-fnepw kwJy-I-fpsS {Ib-hn-{I-b-ß-fnepw am{Xw HXpßn \n∂n-cp∂ KWn-X-imkv{X-sØ

{]mtbm-Kn-Ihpw kmt-Xn-I-hp-amb hnIm-k-Øn-\p-X-Ipw-hn[w hnπ-h-I-camb hn[-

Øn¬ ]cn-h¿Øn-∏n-®Xv BƒPn-{_-bm-Wv. B[p-\nI imkv{X-Øns‚ D¤-hØn¬ G‰hpw henb

]p-h-ln® imkv{X imJ AXp-X-s∂-bm-sW∂ Imcyw Ahn-X¿°n-X-am-Wv.

AXn-e-fn-X-amb ka-hm-Iy-߃

sIm≠v _‘n-X-amWv F∂v sXfnbn-°-s∏´p

Ign-p. BƒPn-

{_sb temIØn\v ka¿∏n®

hy‡n-tbmSv imkv{XtemIw

Ahm-Nyamw hn[w IS-s∏-´n-cn-°p-

∂p-sh∂v CXv hy‡-am-°p-∂p.

BƒPn-{_-bpsS D]-⁄m-Xmhmbn

Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv _n.kn

aq∂mw \q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂

{Ko°v KWnX imkv{X-⁄-\m-bncp∂

Utbm-^m‚kv(Diophantus)

BWv. Acn-Xva-‰n°v(Arithmetica)

F∂ At±-l-Øns‚ ]pkvX-I-

Øn¬ A⁄mX Af-hp-Isf

Is≠-Øn KWn-X-imkv{X {]iv\߃

]cn-l-cn-°p∂ coXn BZyambn

hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p. c≠p

A⁄mX Af-hp-Iƒ AS-ßnb

tcJob ka-hm-Iy-߃ apX¬

{Xnam\ ka-hm-Iy-߃(Cubic

Equations) hsc ]cn-l-cn-°m≥

At±-l-Øn\v Ign-p. F.-Un.

HºXmw \q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂

A¬˛Jm-hm-cnkvan F∂ apkvenw

KWn-X-im-kv{X-⁄s‚ kw`m-h-\-

30

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

I-ƒ ChnsS hne-bn-cp-Ø-s∏-tS-

≠Xv AXym-h-iy-am-Wv. InXm_v

A¬-˛-P-_¿ h¬ apJm-_e F∂

{KŸ-Øn¬ At±lw KWn-Ximkv{X

Ncn-{X-Øn¬ hnπ-hmflIamb

Hcp coXn°v XpS°w

Ipdn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

P_¿(]q¿Øo-I-cWw), apJm-_e(A`n-ap-Jo-I-c-Ww,k¥p-eo-IcWw)

F∂o kmt-XnI ]Z-߃

{KŸw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂ ]pXnb

{]{In-bsb Ipdn-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂p.

A¬Pn{_ F∂ ]Z-Øns‚

D¤hw CXm-bn-cp∂p F∂ Imcyw

kphy-‡-am-Wv.

BƒPn-{_-bpsS D¤-hhpw

Ncn-{Xhpw a\- n-em-°m≥ Utbm-

^m‚-kn-s‚bpw A¬J-hm-c-kvanbp-sSbpw

Bi-b-ß-ƒ XΩn-ep≈

Xmc-Xay ]T-\w Bh-iy-am-bn-cn-

°pw. A¬ Jhm-c-kvanbpw Utbm-

^m‚kpw ]cn-l-cn-°m≥ {ian®

{]iv\-ßfpw Ah-bpsS ko¿W-

Xbpw ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ Utbm-

^m‚kv Hcp ]Sn- ap-∂n¬ \n¬°p-

∂p-sh∂v a\- n-em-°m≥ km[n-

°pw. ASpØ Ime-Ømbn am{Xw

sXfn-bn-°m≥ km[n® Nne

kn≤m-¥-ßfpw At±lw Ah-X-cn-

∏n-°p-∂p-≠v. Hcp {Xnh¿KsØ

c≠p {Xnh¿K-ß-fmbn hn`Pn°m≥

km[y-a-√. Hcp NXp¿ h¿KsØ

c≠p NXp¿ h¿K-ambn hn`-Pn-

°m≥ km[y-a-√. F∂nh AXn¬

s]´-Xm-Wv. kn≤m-¥-߃ F∂-Xnep-]cnA\p-am-\߃(Congectures)am{X-am-bn-cps∂-nepw

Utbm-^m‚-kns‚

t\´-߃ sNdp-Xmbn KWn-°-s∏-

Sm-hp-∂-X-√. c≠p-`m-K-ß-fmbn hn`-

Pn-°-s∏´ Xs‚ {KŸ-Øns‚

BZy `mK-Øn¬ A¬-˛-J-hm-ckvan

A¬Pn-{_-bpsS \nb-a-ß-fpw {Iaßfpw,

c≠mw `mK-Øn¬ A¬Pn-

{_-bpsS {]tbmKhi-ßfpw ^e-

{]-Z-amb D]-tbm-Khpw hnh-cn-°p-

∂p. BƒPn{_ cq]w \¬Inb ]T-

\-coXn a\- n-em-°m-≥ Hcp efn-Xamb

KWn-X-imkv{X {]iv\w FSp-

°p-∂Xv \∂m-bn-cn-°pw. Hcp

kwJy-tbmSv c≠p-Iq-´n-bm¬


A©p e`n-°p-sa∂ hmN-IsØ

BƒPn-{_-bn¬ x+2=5 Fs∂gpXmw.

Cu {]Xo-Im-flI Ah-Xc-W-amWv

A¬Jm-h-d-kvansb

hyXy-kvX-\m°n-b-Xv. x F∂

A⁄mX kwJy GXp-am-Is´

AXv k-e-\hpw hyh-I-e-\-hpsa√mw

\S-Ø-∏-Sm≥ km[n-°p∂

hn[-Øn¬ kzX-{¥-amb Aÿn-

Xz-ap≈ H∂m-sW∂v At±lw

hmZn-®p. kwJy-I-fpsS {Ib-hn-{Ib-߃°v

]Icw A⁄mX

kwJy-Isf D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn

ko¿W-amb KWn-X-imkv{X

{]iv\-߃°v ]cn-lmcw

ImWp∂ Cu coXn Ncn-{X-Øn¬

hnπ-hm-fl-Iam-bn-cp-∂p. CXv

{]iv\-ß-sf efn-Xhpw {Kmly-hpam-°p-Ibpw

KWn-X-im-kv{XsØ

IqSp-X¬ P\-Io-b-am-°p-Ibpw

sNbvXp.

Utbm-^m‚kpw A¬ Jhmdkvan-bpsS

]q¿∆-Ime imkv{X-

⁄cpw Pyman-Xob cq]-ß-fnepw

kwJy-I-fpsS ]c-kv]c _‘-ßfnepw

am{Xw Xm¬]-cy-sa-Sp-Øn-cps∂-n¬

A¬ Jhm-dkvan BZyambn

BƒPn{_ AK-Wn-X-

Øn¬ \n∂pw Pyman-Xn-bn¬

\n∂pw hyXy-kvX-amb kzX-{¥amb

Hcp hyh-ÿn-Xn-bm-sW∂v

]Tn-∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. imkv{X

temI-Øn\v A¬Jhm-dkvan

\¬Inb kw`m-h-\-Isf Cßs\

kw{K-ln-°mw: At±lw KWn-Xim-kv{X-Øns‚

c≠p {][m\

taJ-e-Isf Iq´ntbm-Pn∏n-®p.

AXm-b-Xv Pyman-Xo-b-amb anYymh-t_m-[-sØbpw

kwJym-]-c-amb

IrXy-X-sbbpw AXn-hn-Z-Kv[-ambn

Iq´n-bn-W°n hnπ-h-I-c-amb Hcp

Nn¥mK-Xn°v hnØp-]m-In.

Cu hnπ-h-am-Is´ KWnX-imkv{X-Øn-s‚bpw

`uXnI imkv{X-

Øn-s‚bpw ]n∂o-Sp≈ F√m

hnIm-k-Øn-s‚bpw ASn-Ø-dbmbn

h¿Øn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

\yq´s‚ {]n≥In-∏nb amØ-am-

‰n°bpw (principia

mathematica),sF≥Ãos‚

Bt]-£nIXm kn≤m-¥hpw Ccp-

]-Øn H∂mw \q‰m-≠nse

ko¿W-amb Kth-j-W-ßfpw

hsc \o≠v InS-°p∂ Cu

A⁄mX kwJy-I-fpsS ka-hm-Iy߃

Cu hnπ-h-Øns‚ _m°n-]-

{X-ß-fm-sW∂v kΩ-Xn-t°-≠nhcp∂p.

`uXnI imkv{Xw (physics)

{]m]-©nI {]Xn-`m-k-ß-fpsS

bmYm¿Xy-߃ tXSn-bp≈ bm{XbmWv

`uXn-I-im-kv{Xw. {Ko°v

`uXnI imkv{X-⁄-\m-bn-cp∂

B¿°n-an-Unkv ( Archimedes)

bpdo°m... F∂v hnfn®p]-d-v

\·-\mbn \K-c-Øn-eqsS HmSnb

IY {]kn-≤-amWv. Ão^≥

tlm°nwKv At±-l-Øns‚ `uXn-Iimkv{X

{KŸ-ß-fpsS kam-lm-camb

""cm£-k-∑m-cpsS Npa-ep-Ifn¬''(on

the shoulders of giants)

Bcw-`n-°p-∂Xv tIm∏¿ \n°-kn¬

\n∂m-Wv. Atd-_y≥ imkv{XbpKw

hsc hniz-kn-°-s∏-´Xv KWn-

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 31

imkv{Xw

X-imkv{X Pyman-Xob cq]-ß-fpsS

Aaq¿Ø cq]-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´

Nne Iq´n-°n-gn-°-ep-Iƒ am{X-amsW∂pw

AXns\ \mw Np‰pw

ImWp∂ {]Xn-`m-k-ßsf hnh-cn-

°m\p≈ Ign-hn√ F∂pam-bn-cp-

∂p. Cu [mc-Wsb am‰n-a-dn-®Xv

Ckvem-anI imkv{X-⁄-cm-bn-cp-

∂p. AXv `uXnI imkv{X Ncn-{X-

Ønse ]pXn-sbmcp XpS-°-am-bn-cp-

∂p. A¬J-hmdkvanbpw ka-Im-en-

Icpw \¬Inb KWn-X-imkv{X]camb

ASn-Ø-d-bn¬ B[p-\nI

`uXnI imkv{X-Øns‚ D¤hw

Ipdn-®Xv Cu Nn¥m-co-Xn-bm-Wv.

]Xn-s\m∂mw \q‰m-≠n¬ Pohn-®ncp∂

C_v\p¬ sslYw At±-l-

Øns‚ InXm-_p¬ a\m-fn¿ F∂

{KŸ-Øn-emWv hnπ-hm-fl-I-amb

Cu coXn Ncn-{X-Øn¬ BZy-ambn

kwJy-I-fpsS {Ib-hn-{I-b-߃°v ]Icw A⁄mX kwJy-Isf

D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn ko¿W-amb KWn-X-imkv{X {]iv\߃°v

]cn-lmcw ImWp∂ Cu coXn Ncn-{X-Øn¬ hnπ-hm-fl-

Iam-bn-cp-∂p. CXv {]iv\-ß-sf efn-Xhpw {Kmly-hp-am-°p-Ibpw

KWn-X-im-kv{XsØ IqSp-X¬ P\-Io-b-am-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.


imkv{Xw

Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂Xv. Imw{_nUvPv

bqWn-th-gvkn‰n s{]m^-k-dmb

sska¨ km^¿(simon scaffer)

]d-bp-∂p: C_v\p¬ sslYapw

At±-l-Øns‚ ka-Im-en-Icpw

hmZn-®Xv XXz-im-kv{X-]-chpw K-

Wn-X-im-kv{X-]-c-hp-amb Hcp GIo-

IrX imkv{X-Øn\v th≠n-bm-Wv.

B imkv{Xw, ÿnXnt`Z-ß-fpsS

imkv{X-amb `uXnI imkv{X-ßsfbpw

]cn-am-W-Øns‚ imkv{Xamb

KWnX imkv{X-sØbpw

kwtbm-Pn-∏n®v Ah-ew-_-\m¿lamb

]pXnb hn⁄m-\-ß-fpsS

cq]o-I-c-W-Øn¬ \n¿Wm-b-I-am-hp-

Ibpw sNbvXp.

C_v\p¬ sslYw cNn®

InXm-_p¬ a\m-fn¿ `uXnI

imkv{X-Ønse \n¿Æm-b-I-amb

A[ym-b-ambn amdm≥ Imc-W-߃

\nc-h-[n-bm-bn-cp-∂p. {]Im-i-

Øns‚ k©m-c-sØ-°p-dn®pw

]Xn-t\gmw \q‰m-≠ns‚ BZy-Øn¬ Pohn® sds\ UkvIm¿´-kn-s‚bpw (Rene descartes)

{^m≥knkv t_°-Wn-s‚bpw (francis bacon) apºv imkv{Xob coXn {]tbm-Kn-°-s∏-´n-´n√

F∂mWv imkv{X- tem-I-Øns‚ Ah-Im-i-hm-Zw.

32

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

ImgvN-bpsS imkv{Xob hi-sØ-

°p-dn®pw hni-Zambn {]Xn-]m-Zn®

Cu {KŸw πmt‰m-bp-sSbpw AcntÃm-´n-en-s‚bpw

\q‰m-≠p-I-fmbn

\ne-\n∂ A\p-am-\-ßsf tNmZyw

sNøp-Ibpw ZrjvSn kw`-hn-°p-

∂Xv IÆn-e√ akvXn-jvI-Øn-emsW∂v

{]kvXm-hn-°p-Ibpw sXfnbn-°p-Ibpw

sNbvXp.-]-co-£-W-mSn-

Ø-d-bn-√mØ F√m kn≤m-¥-ßsfbpw

X≈n-°-f-bp-Ibpw kzX-

{¥-amb ]co-£-W-ß-fpsS ASnÿm-\-Øn¬

imkv{Xob

XXz߃ cq]o-I-cn-°p-Ibpw

sNbvX C_v\p¬ sslYw

ssk≤m-¥n-Ihpw {]mtbm-Kn-I-hpamb

]c-kv]c s]mcp-Ø-ap≈

ip≤-amb imkv{X-Øn¬ hnizkn®p.

\ne-hn-ep≈ hn⁄m-\sØ

Npcp-°p-Itbm ]c-kv]cw ka-\zbn-∏n-°p-Itbm

As√-n-¬ ]pXnb

hn⁄m\w Ic-ÿ-am-°p-Itbm

sNbvXv {]m]-©nI {]Xn-`m-k߃

\n¿∆-Nn-°m≥ \sΩ {]m]vXcm-°p∂

Xc-Øn-ep≈ Kth-j-W-]camb

kao-]-\-amWv imkv{Xob

coXn(scientific method). XpS¿®bmb

]co-£W \nco-£-W߃°v

tijw A\p-am\߃

cq]o-I-cn-°-s∏-Smt\m ]cn-tim-[n-

°-s∏-Smt\m DX-Ip∂ coXn-bn¬

hkvXp-X-I-fpsS kam-l-c-W-amWv

Cu imkv{Xob coXn-bpsS ASnÿm-\w.

bqtdm-]y≥ \thm-∞m-\-

Øn\v tijw imkv{X-Øns‚

kvt^mS-\m-fl-I-amb

ssh⁄m\nI hnIm-k-Øn\v Imc-

W-am-b-Xv Cu imkv{Xob coXnbpsS

D¤-hhpw {]tbm-K-hp-am-bncp∂p

F∂v hniz-kn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p.

]Xn-t\gmw \q‰m-≠ns‚ BZy-

Øn¬ Pohn® sds\ UkvIm¿´kn-s‚bpw(Rene

descartes)


A_q ssdlm≥ A¬ _dq\n F∂ Atd-_-y≥ imkv{X-⁄≥

km[n-s®-SpØ A¤p-X-I-c-amb t\´w ]cm-a¿in-°-s∏-SmsX

`uXn-I-imkv{X Ncn{Xw A]q¿Æ-am-Wv. `qan-bpsS Np‰-fhv

C∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xns‚ Hcp iX-am\w am{Xw hyXym-k-Øn-¬

I≠p-]n-Sn-°m≥ Ignp F∂Xv Hcp a[y-Ime imkv{X-⁄s\

kw_-‘n-s®-Sp-tØmfw sFXn-lm-kn-I-am-bn-cp-∂p.

{^m≥knkv t_°-Wn-s‚bpw

(francis bacon) apºv imkv{Xob

coXn {]tbm-Kn-°-s∏-´n-´n√

F∂mWv imkv{X- tem-I-Øns‚

Ah-Im-i-hm-Zw. F∂m¬

C_v\p¬ sslYw InXm-_p¬

a\m-fndn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂ ]co-

£W ]c-º-c-I-ƒ Cu hmZsØ

\njvv{]-`-am-°p-∂-p. {]Im-i-Øns‚

ASn-ÿm\ kn≤m-¥-amb tcJob

Ne\w apX¬ B¿°pw ]p\]cntim-[n-°p-hm\pw

Bh¿Øn-®p-d-∏n-

°m\pw Ign-bp∂ hn[-Øn¬ ]co-

£-Wm-Sn-Ø-d-bp≈ kn≤m-¥-ß-ft±lw

t{ImUo-I-cn-®p. kzbw

\nco-£n®v a\- n-em-°p-I- F-∂-

Xm-bn-cp∂p At±lw \¬Inb

ktµ-iw. KWn-X-im-kv{X-Øns‚

A]m-c-amb km[y-X-Isf D]-tbm-

K-s∏-Sp-Ønb C_v\p¬ sslYw

imkv{Xob coXn-bpsS temIsØ

BZysØ {]tbm-‡m-hmbn Adnb-s∏-tS-≠Xv

Bh-iy-am-Wv.

]Øp \q‰m-≠p-Iƒ°p-apºv

A_q ssdlm≥ A¬ _dq\n

F∂ Atd-_-y≥ imkv{X-⁄≥

km[n-s®-SpØ A¤p-X-I-c-amb

Hcp t\´w ]cm-a¿in-°-s∏-SmsX

`uXn-I-imkv{X Ncn{Xw A]q¿Æam-Wv.

`qa-bpsS Np‰-fhv C∂-dn-bs∏-Sp-∂-Xns‚

Hcp iX-am\w

am{Xw hyXym-k-Øn-¬ I≠p-]n-Sn-

°m≥ Ignp F∂Xv Hcp a[y-

Ime imkv{X-⁄s\ kw_-‘ns®-Sp-tØmfwsFXn-lm-kn-I-am-bncp-∂p.

C_v\p¬ sslk-ans‚

ka-Im-en-I-\mb At±-lhpw

imkv{X-Øn-s‚ {]mtbm-Kn-I-Xbnepw

KWn-X-im-kv{X-Øns‚

A\-¥-amb km[y-X-I-fnepw hnizkn-®n-cp-∂p.

{Ko°v imkv{X-⁄¿

hsc ]g-°-ap≈ Cu DZyaw

At±lw km[n-s®-Sp-ØXv hnZ-Kv[amb

`mh-\-bn-eq-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

BZy-ambn At±lw kap-{Z-XocsØ

Hcp ]¿∆Xw sXc-s-Sp-

Øp. ]n∂oSv IS¬Xo-csØ c≠p

hyXkvX ÿm\-߃ ]¿∆-X-

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 33

imkv{Xw

Øns‚ A{K-hp-am-bp-≠m-°p∂

tImWp-Iƒ Is≠Øn ]¿∆-X-

Øns‚ Dbcw I≠p-]n-Sn-®p.

AXn\p tijw ]¿∆-X-Øns‚

D®n-bn¬ Ibdn Xncn-›o\ tcJ

N{I-hm-f-ß-fp-≠m-°p∂ tImWp-

I-s≠-Øn. BƒPn-{_bpw

{XntImWanXnbpw \¬Inb

hn⁄m\w c≠p efnX ka-hm-Iy߃

sIm≠p `qan-bpsS Np‰-fhv

Is≠-Øm≥ A¬_-dq-\nsb

klm-bn-®p. A¬_-dq-\nsb

hyXy-kvX-am-°n-bXv ]co-£-W-^e-Øns‚

IrXyX F∂-Xn-ep-]cn

At±lw D]-tbm-Kn-®-co-Xn-bnse

sshZ-Kv[yhpw Af-hp-I-fpsS

IrXy-X-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p. Aßs\

Hcp tIm¨am-∏n-\n am{Xap]-tbm-

Kn®v `qan-bpsS Np‰-fhv ImWm≥

Ign A¬_-dq\n temItØmSv

]d-Xv KWnXimkv{Xw

sIm≠v \ap°v {]m]-©nI kXyß-sf

\n¿∆Nn°mw F∂m-Wv.

Ad_v kaq-l-Øns‚ KWn-Ximkv{X˛`u-XnI

imkv{X kw`m-h-

\-Iƒ ChnsS -A-h-km-\n-°p-∂-X-

√. BZy-ambn Zimwi kwJy-I-fp-

]-tbm-Kn® A¬ DJven-Zokn,

BZy-ambn {Xnam\ ka-hm-Iy-߃

]cn-l-cn® Da¿ Jømw, {]Im-i-

Øns‚ A]-h¿Ø\ \nb-a-߃

{]kvXm-hn® C_v\p klvev,

A¥-co-£-Øns‚ Dbcw I≠p-]n-

Sn-°m≥ Ign C_v\p apB-Zv,

c≠p an\p´pam-{Xw hyXym-k-Øn¬

Hcp h¿j-Øns‚ ssZ¿Lyw

I≠p-]n-Sn® Aƒ _Øm\n...

Aßs\ B ]´nI \ofp-∂-Xm-Wv.

Atd-_y≥ imkv{X bpK-Øns‚

apgp-h≥ kw`m-h-\-I-sfbpw ]cma¿in-°p-I

F∂Xv hfsc

ssZ¿Ly-ta-dnb Hcp {]{In-b-bm-bncn-°pw.

AXv Cu teJ-\-Øns‚

e£y-hp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. F∂m¬ Hcp

kl-{km_vZ ImesØ imkv{X-

Øns‚ `mhnsb \n›-bn-°p-amdv

Ncn-{X-Øns‚ `mK-t[bw \n¿Wbn®

A¬-˛-J-hm-dkvanbpw

C_v\p¬ sslYapw ]p\¿ÿm-]n-

°-s∏-Sm-\m-hmØ A\-izc

bmYm¿∞y-ß-fpsS h‡m-°-fm-bncp-∂p.


34

t\mºp-Imew

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

atX-X-c-Øz-Øns‚ Cu‰n-√hpw t]m‰n-√-hp-amWv an√nb Fnepw

`c-W-IqS th´°v CS-°n-S°v Cc-bm-Im-dp≠v Cu Ckvem-anI

X\na ap‰n-\n¬°p∂ Ieme-bw. _Sve lukv A{I-aWw \S∂

t\mºp-Im-eØns‚ `oXn\ng-en-°p∂ Htcm¿Ω-°p-dn-∏v.

_Sve lukn¬ am da-Zm≥ \nemhv

Peo¬ IÆm-´n-∏Sn

kzmX{¥y ka-c-Ønse \n -

lI-c-W- {]-ÿm-\-Øn-\p-]n-∂n¬

AWn-\n-c∂v apkvenw C¥y-bpsS

Xe-ÿm\ \K-cn-bnse ambvNp

If-bm-\m-hmØ ]cn-t—-Z-amWv

PmanAx an√n-ø. Xnf-®p-s]m-≈p∂

NqSp≈ Hcp th\-en-emWv Pman-Abnse

kpµ-c-amb Imº-kn-te°v

BZy-ambn hcp-∂-Xv. Imº-knse

at\m-l-c-ambn \´p-h-f¿Ønb

]p¬ta-Sp-Iƒ \KcØns‚ B

ISpØ Dui-c-X-bnepw \\hp

kΩm-\n-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. C¥y≥

apkvenw-Ifnse AXn-t{kjvS

hy‡n-Xz-ß-fpsS kvac-W-bn¬

\n¿Ωn-®n-´p≈ ]Sp-°q-‰≥ Ihm-Sß-fmWv

Pman-A-bpsS apJw.

{][m\ Ihm-S-Øn-eqsS

IS∂vsN∂m¬ XqZtb lnµv

F∂p hnfn-°-s∏-Sp∂ ao¿Km-en-

_ns‚ {]Xna hc-th¬°pw. Pman-

A-bpsS ]g-b-sI-´n-S-ß-fn-e-[n-

Ihpw apKƒ Iem-`w-Kn-bn¬

Ckvem-anI X\n-a \ne-\n¿Øns°m≠v

\n¿an-°-s∏-´-h-bm-Wv.(Cu

kz`mhw \ne-\n¿Ømt\m ]pXnbh

B Iem-im-e-bn¬ \n¿an-

°mt\m Ct∏mƒ hcp∂ A[n-Imcn-Iƒ°v

Xm¬]-cy-an-√-∂Xv thsd-

°mcyw). Imº-kns‚ GI-tZiw

\Sp-hn-em-bp≈ ]Sp-°q-‰≥ Ppam-akvPnZv

B {]uUnsb kºq¿Wam-°p-∂p.

Ppam-a-kvPn-Zns‚ kao-]-

ØmWv C¥y-bpsS ap≥cm-jv{S-

]Xn tUm.-km-°n¿ lpssks‚

J_dpw ayqkn-bhpw ÿnXn-sN-øp-

∂-Xv.

Aeo-K-Un¬ \n∂pw U¬lnbn-te°v

]dn-®p-\´ PmanA

]n∂oSv hn`-P\ Ime-b-f-hn¬ Xe-


ÿm\ \K-cn-bnse apkvenw-Iƒ°v

Hcp AØmWnbmbn amdp-I-bm-bn-cp-

∂p. Pman-A-bpsS Np‰p-`m-KØpw

cq]-s∏´p h∂ A[n-hm-k-߃ Hcp

Xcw kpc-£n-XXz t_m[w

Ah¿°v kΩm-\n-®n-´p-≠mhmw.

P∑w X∂ aÆpw \q‰m-≠p-I-fmbn

XßfpsS {]]n-Xm-°ƒ krjvSn-s®-

SpØ ss]Xr-I-ßfpw hnt´-®p-t]m-

Im≥ Hcp-°-a-√mØ auem\m

A_v-Zp¬ Iemw Bkm-Zns\

t]mep≈ At\-Im-bncw t]¿ Chn-

S-ß-fn¬ ]pXnb C¥y°v th≠n

{]b-Xv\n-®p. Aßs\ A_p¬

^kepw _Sve- -lukpw ZmIn¿

\Kdpw Nm¿\-ºdpw \q¿\-Kdpw

K^m¿ a≥kn-ep-sa√mw tN¿∂v

PmanA \K¿ cq]-s∏-´p.

DuSnepw ]mhnepw aÆnepw a\nepw

\∑Nmen® PmanA \K¿

]s£ kzmX{¥ym\-¥cw A[n-Imc-h¿K-ß-fpsS{]Xn-tj-[m-fl-Iamb

hnth-N-\-Øn\v Cc-bm-sb-

∂Xv H‰-t\m-´-Øn¬ a\- n-em-hpw.

CSp-ßn-sR-cp-ßp∂ K√n-Ifpw

sNfn-\n-d-sm-gp-Ip∂ HmS-Ifpw

tIma¨sh¬Øv ]W-s°m-gp-∏n¬

t]mepw c£-s∏-´n-s√-∂-XmWv

kXyw. F√m-‰n\pw ]pdsa _Svem

lukv AS°-ap≈ PmanA \K¿

]e-t∏mgpw Sm¿P‰v sNø-s∏-´p.

apkvenw P\-km-{µX F∂-Xp-sIm-

≠p-am{Xw aoUn-b-I-fnepw a‰pw

cmjv{S-hn-cp-≤X hcp-Øn-Øo¿Øp.

Xe-ÿm-\-sØ-hnsS kvt^mS\w

\S-∂mepw PmanA \K-dn¬ h∂v

\nc-]-cm-[n-Isf ]nSn®v sslµ-h-

Xsb Xr]vXn-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ Ah-ÿ

-hsc kwPm-X-am-bn. {]am-Z-amb

_Svem lukv G‰p-ap-´¬ ]pdw

temIw {i≤n® IdpØ GSp-Ifnse

H∂p am{X-am-bn-cp∂p F∂-

XmWv kXyw. AXn\v tijw {]Xn-

Isf D≠m-°m≥ PmanA \K-dn-se-

Ønb t]meo-kns\ \m´p-Im¿

ssIImcyw sNbvXv tÃj-\n¬

FØn-®Xv tZiob am[y-a-ßtfm

ae-bm-f-Ønse apØ-»n ]{Xßtfm

I≠n-s√-∂Xv \ΩpsS

am[ya [¿Ω-Øns‚ X\n-\ndw

Im´p-∂-Xm-Wv.

PmanA \K-dnse da-Zm≥ thdns´m-c-\p-`hw

Xs∂-bm-Wv. AØmghpw

t\mºp-Xp-d-bp-sa√mw ka-b-a-

dn-bn-°p-∂Xv ]≈n-bn¬ \n∂v

sskd¨ apg-°n-bm-Wv.

th\¬°m-eØv h∂ t\mºn\v

]Xn-\©pw ]Xn-\mdpw aWn-°q-dp-

I-fpsS ssZ¿Lyw. cmhnse \men-

\p-apºv AØmgw \nc-Øn-bm¬

aKvcn-_ns‚ t\cw Ggpw Ggcbpw

hsc \ofpw. t\mºp-Xpd

\ΩpsS t]mse BtLm-jn®p

Iq´p∂ coXn-bn-s√-nepw kaq-lam-bp≈

]≈n-I-fnse t\mºp-Xp-d-

Iƒ km[m-c-W-am-Wv. U¬ln

Ppam-a-kvPn-Znse t\mºp-Xp-d-Iƒ

AXn-{]-i-kvX-am-Wv. kao] hoSp-

I-fn¬ \n∂v IpSpw-_-߃ Iq´ambn

h∂v H∂n-®n-cp∂v t\mºp-Xpd-°p∂

BImgvN A\n-Xc

km[m-c-W-am-Wv. Pman-A-bnse

henb Ppam-a-kvPn-Znepw \nXyhpw

t\mºp-Xp-d-bp-≠m-hpw. ASp-

Øp≈ hoSp-I-fn¬ \n∂v hn`-h߃

Ip´n-Iƒ ]≈n-bn-te°v

sIm≠p-h-cn-I-bmWv ]Xn-hv.

tlmkv‰-ep-I-fn¬ Xmakw e`n-

t\mºp-Imew

°mØ ae-bm-fn hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ

Cu kaqlXpd-bnse \nXy-km-∂n-

≤y-am-bn-cp-∂p.

Pman-A-bnse ae-bmfn

Iq´mbva ""kvarXn'' kwL-Sn-∏n-

°p∂ C^vXm-¿ t\mºp-Im-esØ

kva-cy-amb as‰mcp Imcy-am-Wv.

C^vXm-dpw HmWm-tLm-jhpw H∂n-

®p≈ aX-ku-lm¿≤w hnfn-t®m-

Xp∂ ]cn-]m-Sn-bm-bn-cp∂p Pman-Abn¬

""kvarXn'' kwL-Sn-∏n-®n-cp-∂-

Xv. Pman-A-sb-°mƒ F{Xtbm

Cc´n ae-bm-fn-Ifpw kmwkvIm-cn-I-

Xbpw hnfn-®p-]-d-bp∂ sP.-F≥.bphn¬

t]mepw CØcw kulrZ

]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ ImWm-\m-bn-´n-√.

{]mtZ-in-I-amb Iq´m-bva-Iƒ tI´p-

]-cn-Nbw t]mep-an-√mØ DØ-tc-

¥y≥ Imº-kn¬ AXpsIm≠pXs∂

ae-bm-fn Iq´m-bvabpsS

kulr-Z-]c-amb Cu

BtLm-j-߃ thdn-´p-\n-∂p.

Pman-A-bpsS Db¿∂ A°m-Z-anI

Xe-ß-fn¬ hncm-Pn-°p-∂-h¿

DuSnepw ]mhnepw aÆnepw a\- nepw \∑Nmen® PmanA \K¿

]s£ kzmX{¥ym\-¥cw A[n-Im-c-h¿K-ß-fpsS {]Xn-tj-[m-fl-

I-amb hnth-N-\-Øn\v Cc-bm-sb-∂Xv H‰-t\m-´-Øn¬ a\- n-emhpw.

CSp-ßn-sR-cp-ßp∂ K√n-Ifpw sNfn-\n-d-sm-gp-Ip∂

HmS-Ifpw tIma¨sh¬Øv ]W-s°m-gp-∏n¬ t]mepw c£-s∏-

´n-s√-∂-XmWv kXyw.

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 35


t\mºp-Imew

HmW-Øns‚ Ce hncn-®p-´p≈ kZy t\mºn\v Ign-°p∂ A\p-`hhpw

Pman-A-bmWv kΩm-\n-®-Xv. Ckvem-anIamb X∑-bXzw

sh®p-]p-e¿Øp-∂-tXm-S∏w a‰p kwkvIm-c-ß-sfbpw BNm-cß-sfbpw

am\n-°p-hm-\p≈ k∑-\- mWv Pman-A-bpsS Cu

khn-ti-j-X.

C^vXm-dn∂v AXn-Yn-I-fmbn

FØm-dp-≠v. t\mºn-s\-Ip-dn®pw

HmW-sØ-°p-dn-®p-ap≈ ktµ-ißfpw

a‰pw C^vXm-dns‚ apºmbn

D≠mhpw. ]n∂oSv C^vXm-dns‚

ka-b-a-Sp-°p-∂Xv hsc hnhn[

Iem-]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ. DØ-tc-¥y-bnse

hn`n∂ tZi-ß-fnse Iem-Im-c-

∑m-cmb kplr-Øp-°fpw ]cn-]m-

Sn°v sImgp-t∏-Im≥ FØm-dp-≠v.

cmP-ÿm-\nbpw ]©m-_nbpw

Imivao-cn-bp-sa-√m-a-S-ßp∂ Iem-]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ

GI-tZiw sshhn-[yß-fpsS

C¥y-bpsS Hcp ]cn-t—-Zambn

amdpw.

t\mºp-Xpd Ign-m¬

]n∂oSv \mS≥ kZy-bmWv hn`-h-ambn-´p≠mhp-I.

HmW-Øns‚ Ce

hncn-®p-´p≈ kZy t\mºn\v Ign-

°p∂ A\p-`-hhpw Pman-A-bmWv

kΩm-\n-®-Xv. Ckvem-anIamb X∑bXzw

sh®p-]p-e¿Øp-∂-tXm-S∏w

a‰p kwkvIm-c-ß-sfbpw BNm-cß-sfbpw

am\n-°p-hm-\p≈ k∑-\-

36

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

mWv Pman-A-bpsS Cu khn-tij-X.

t]cn¬ Ckvem-anø F∂v

thdn-s´-gp-Xp-tºmgpw Aapkvenw

hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ G‰hpw kulr-ZtØmsS

Ign-bp∂ aÆmWv Pman-

A-bpsS Imº-kv.

BNm-c-߃ am\n-°p-∂-XmWv

Pman-A-bpsS as‰mcp khn-ti-j-

X. t\mºn-s\-t∏mse _dm-A-

Øn\pw a‰p {]tXyIw {]m¿∞-\-

Iƒ Pman-A-bpsS {][m\ Ppam-akvPn-Zn¬

sh®v Cam-ans‚ t\Xr-

Xz-Øn¬ Iq´mbn D≠mhpw. _dm-

A-Øp-t]m-ep≈ Zn\-ß-fn¬ cm{Xap-gp-h≥

lbm-Øm°n Ic-pw

ZpBbnc∂pw P\-߃ Bflob

el-cn-bn¬ Aen-bp-∂Xv \ap°v

ImWmw. da-Zm-\nse Ah-km\

sh≈n-bm-gvN°v PmanA A°m-Zan°v

{]tXyIw Ah[nt]mepw

\n›-bn-®n-´p-≠v.

Ccp-]-Xp-X-s∂-bmWv PmanA

Xdm-ho-lns‚ FÆw. U¬lnbnse

Alvse lZokv ]≈n-I-

fn¬ sh®v as‰-hn-sSbpw CXn-s\mc-]-hmZw

Rm≥ I≠n-´n-√. \ΩpsS

tIc-f-Ønse ]®-∏-cn-jvIm-cn-Isf∂v

\Sn-°p∂ Pam-AsØ

lnµns‚ It¥-c B-ÿ-\-amb

A_p¬ ^k-ense {][m\ ]≈nbnepw

Xdm-holv Ccp-]Xv Xs∂.

cmjv{Sob kn≤m-¥-hp-ambn DØtc-¥y-bn¬

\n∂v tIc-f-Øns‚

]cn-jvIrX `qan-bn-te°v h≠n-I-bdn-b-t∏mƒ

auZq-Zn-Iƒ°v FhnsS

\n∂m-Wmthm ]mc-º-cy-Øns‚

FÆhpw hÆhpw Ipdp

t]mbXv. ]cnjvIm-cn-I-sf∂v hcp-

Øn-Øo¿°m≥ D≠m°n sh®

t`Z-K-Xn-Ifpw a‰pw tIc-f-Ønse

Pam-A-Øns\ ÿm]-\-h-XvIrX

{]ÿm-\-am°n am‰n C∂v Bflob-amb

B t]mcmbvabpw ]m∏-c-

Xzhpw G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ A\p-`hn®v

Xo¿°p∂ {]ÿm-\-am-Wv

Pam-A-Øv. Ckvemw F∂m¬

cmjv{Sobw sIm≠v t\Snsb-Sp-°mhp∂

{]ÿm-\-am°n Ah¿ CSp-

°n-°-f-p. AhnsS ]fin-X\pw

kq^n-Ifpw kmZm-Øp-amcpw \n¿∆ln®

sshb-‡nI D≤m-c-W-Øn\v

sX√p-t]mepw hne-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-

√. ]Xn-t\gmw \q‰m-≠n-\p-tijw

tIc-f-Øn-te°p {]th-in®

lZvdao kmZm-Øp-amcpw Ah¿°papºv

tIc-fsØ Bflob \n¿hr-

Xnbn¬ DXvIr-jvS-am-°nb aJvZq-apamcpw

\n¿∆-ln® alXvtkh-\߃

{]ÿm-\-Øn\v ap∂n¬ H∂pa-s√∂pw

\thm-∞m\w Cu

ÿm]-\-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-sW∂pw

hmZn-®p-≠m-°p-I-bp-am-W-h¿

sNbvX-Xv. bqtdm-]y≥ A[n-\nthiw

Ct´-®p-t]mb

]m›mXy\thm-∞m-\-Øns‚ aeoa-k-amb

]cn-k-c-Øn-te°v ]‰nb

Hcp ]Xn-∏p-am-{X-am-bn-cp∂p Ch-sb-

√mw. sh≈n-bm-gvN-I-fnse Camans‚

JpXp-_bpw XssYh Ad-

_n-bn¬ Xs∂-bm-Wv. PpapA

JpXp-_-°p-apºv ka-Im-enI hnib-ßsf

Ipdn®v D¿Zp-hn¬ JXzo_v

{]`m-jWw \S-Øm-dp-≠v. ka-ImenI

cmjv{Sob kml-N-cy-ßfpw

a‰pw AXn¬ \∂mbn {]Xn-^-en-

°m-dp-≠v. _Svem lukv kw`h

tijw AXn-\n-in-X-amb `mj-bn¬

k¿°m-dn-s\bpw t]meokv ta[m-


hn-I-sfbpw hna¿in-°m\pw A\ymb-ambn

AdÃp sNbvX-h¿°pth≠n

{]m¿∞n-°m\pw JXzo_v

ad-∂n-cp-∂n-√. _Sve lukv kw`hhpw

U¬ln-bn-seØn BZysØ

t\mºn-\m-Wv kw`-hn-®-Xv. kw`hw

\S-°p-tºmƒ \m´n-em-bn-cp-∂p-sh-

nepw Hcm-gvN Ignv Xncn-®p-h-

∂n´pw kw`-h-Øns‚ `oXn-bn¬

\n∂pw PmanA \K¿ ]q¿W-ambpw

ap‡-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. Xncn®p h∂t∏mgpw

Pman-A-bpsS ]cn-k-cØpw

a‰p ÿe-ß-fnepw t]meokv

_¥m-hÿ i‡-am-bn-cp-∂p.

U¬ln kvt^mS-Øn\v {]Xn-Isf

In´msX \´w Xncn A[n-Im-cn-

Iƒ {]Xn-Isf D≠m-°m≥ _Svemlu-kn-seØn

Pman-A-bnse

hnZy¿∞n-I-fmbn ]nSn-°p-Ibpw

G‰p-ap-´¬ \mSIw \S-Øp-I-bp-ambn-cp∂p

F∂mWv \m´p-Im-¿ hmZn-

°p-∂-Xv. bmsXmcp hn[ {Ian-\¬

]›m-X-e-hp-an-√mØ hnZym¿∞n-I-

fpsS \nb-a-]-c-amb kwc-£-W-

Øn\v PmanA apt∂m´p h∂p.

Pman-A-bnse A[ym-]-Icpw a‰p

DtZym-K-ÿcpw tN¿∂ kw`-h-

Øns‚ \nPÿnXn ]pd-Øp

sIm≠p-h-cm≥ hnhn[ Xc-Ønep≈

]cn-]m-Sn-I-fmhn-jvI-cn-®p.

s{]m^-k¿ cma-Ir-jvW≥,

s{]m^.-a-\oj tkØn XpS-ßnb

Pman-A-bnse hnhn[ Kth-jW

hn`m-K-ß-fn-sebpw A[ym-]-I-cmb

Aapkvenw A[ym-]-Icpw a‰p-amWv

Cu kwLm-S-\-Øn\v apt∂m´p

h∂-sX∂v ChnsS kvac-Wo-b-am-

Wv.

_Svem-lukv kw`-h-tØmsS

PmanA \K-dn¬ Hcp Xcw Ac-£n-

XXzw {]I-S-am-bn-cp-∂p. X߃

\nIp-Xn-b-S-°p∂ k¿°mdpw A[n-

Imcn h¿K-ßfpw Xßsf cmPyt{Zml

Ip‰w NpaØn {]Xn-bm-°nt∏m-Ip∂

Ac-£n-Xhpw A\n-b-

{¥n-X-hp-amb Ahÿ Rm≥ Xncn-

_Svem-lukv kw`-h-tØmsS PmanA \K-dn¬ Hcp Xcw Ac-£n-

XXzw {]I-S-am-bn-cp-∂p. X߃ \nIp-Xn-b-S-°p∂ k¿°mdpw

A[n-Imcn h¿K-ßfpw Xßsf cmPy-t{Zml Ip‰w NpaØn {]Xnbm-°n-t∏m-Ip∂

Ac-£n-Xhpw A\n-b-{¥n-X-hp-amb Ahÿ

Rm≥ Xncn-s®-Øn-b-t∏mgpw ImWm-am-bn-cp-∂p.

t\mºp-Imew

s®-Øn-b-t∏mgpw ImWm-am-bn-cp-

∂p. B Ac-£n-XXzw {]I-S-am-

°p∂ Hcp kw`-hhpw B t\m-ºn-

\nsS D≠m-bn. ]≈n-bn¬ Camw

JpXp_ \n¿∆-ln-®p-sIm-≠n-cns°

kZ- n-\n-S-bn-eqsS Hcn-g-P¥p

]mp. s]´∂v Bfp-Iƒ t]mIp-

∂n-SØv \n∂v Fgp-t∂¬°m≥

XpS-ßn. au\-ambn JpXp_ {ihn-

®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ P\-߃°n-Sbn-te°v

s]´∂v AsXmcp Akzmc-ky-ap-≠m-°n.

AXn-\n-S-bn¬

]≈n-bn¬ t_mw_p-s≠∂v {]NcWw

\S∂p. P\w Ccn-°p-∂n-S-

Øp-\n∂v ]pd-tØ-t°m-Sn. Iq´ambn

]pd-tØ°p {]h-ln-°p-∂t∏mgpw

JXo_v JpXp_ XpS-cp-

∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Ah-km\w

JXo_v JpXp_ Ignv hnhcw

hy‡-am-°n-b-tXm-sS-bmWv cwKw

GI-tZiw im¥-am-b-Xv. da-Zm≥

Ccp-]-Øn-Ggmw cmhn¬ JØw

Xo¿Øv Ppam-a-kvPn-Zn¬ sh®v

Cam-ans‚ hnIm-cm-Xo-X-amb

{]m¿∞-\-bp-≠m-hpw. ]q´m-\p≈

{]m¿∞-\-bn¬ th≠-s∏-´-hsb√mw

Ddp-Zp-hn¬ ]d-v

IÆo¿hm¿°pw. \ndp Ihnbp∂

`‡-cmb hnizm-kn-I-fpsS

Bao-≥ ]d-®n-ep-I-fn¬ akvPn-

Zns‚ AIw `‡n-\n¿`-c-amIpw.

ZpB Ignv a[pc ]e-lmcw

hnX-cWw sNbvXmWv hnizm-kn-

Iƒ ]ncn-bp-I. eUphpw Kpem_v

Pmaq\pw a‰p ]mb-k-ßfpw JØw

ZpB Ign-m-ep-≠m-hpw.

t\mºpw s]cp-∂mfpw BtLm-j-

Øn-tesd hnizm-k-Øn-eqsS `‡am-°m-\p≈

Xzc-bmWv Pm-an-Abnse

Fs∂ IqSp-X-em-I¿jn-®-Xv.

\mw hnh-chpw hn⁄m-\hpw

]dv Ahsc ]cn-l-kn-°m≥

hcp-tºmƒ Ah¿ hnizm-k-Øns‚

hgn-bn¬ Bflob hnem-k-߃

Xo¿°p-I-bm-sW∂v ]e-t∏mgpw

tXm∂n-bn-´p-≠v. Pman-A-bnse Cu

t\mº-\p-`-h-߃ A\ym-Zr-iy-am-

Wv. kvt\l-Øn-s‚bpw kulr-Z-

Øn-s‚bpw Bflo-b-X-bp-sSbpw

A®p-Iq-S-ß-fn¬ Nmen®v.

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 37


c≠p Ihn-X-Iƒ

tNmc

{Kqs∏m-∂m-sW-n¬ F{Xbpw

Af-s∂-Sp°mw˛tNmc...

Nph-°ptam F∂ t]Snth≠

`qap-JØv.

Ubm-enkv sNbvtX ]‰q

F∂m-sW-n¬

h‰n®p Xo¿°m-at√m Rc-ºp-Iƒ

hen-p-ap-dp-In√ ssI thcp-Iƒ...

F∂m¬ AdpØv Xocp-I-bn√

F∂m¬ AdpØv Xo¿°p-tºmgpw

Acn-p-ho-gvØp-tºmgpw

{i≤n-°Ww

tI´-∂p-h-t∂°mw

Dcpƒ s]m´pw-t]mse Hcp i_vZw...

Btcm tNmc-I≠v

B¿Øp-hn-fn-®-Xm-sW∂v Icp-X-cp-tX...

tNmc Ipcpßn `qanRc-ºp-Iƒ

s]m´p∂ i_vZ-am-Ip-a-Xv...

\nkmw ]n.]n sIm∏w

JmPm lpssk≥ Imim-ap°v

38

sXfn®w amknI BKÃv 2012

kplrØv

hn´p-ho-gvN-Iƒ

sIm∂p-X-≈nb A[n-Im-c-amWv

IØp∂ hbn-en-t\bpw

ac-hn-∏n-°p∂ ag-tbbpw

Ft∂m-sSm∏w {]W-bn®

Benw-K-\-am-Wv.

lrZ-b cl-ky-ßfpw

auenI Nn¥-Ifpw

Ih¿∂ kvt\l \Zn-bm-Wv

Fs‚ Nßm-Xn.

Ipgn®v aqSp-t¥mdpw

Xfn-cp∂ Bfl-_-‘hpw

Z¿∏Ww t]mse

\S-∂n-cp∂ {]Xn-^-e-\-hp-am-Wv.


]T\w

]n.-sI.Fw Peo¬ lpZhn

\nc-h[n kzq^o Xzco-J-Øp-I-fm¬ kar-≤-amWv DØ-tc-¥y. C¥ybnse

aX {]t_m-[\ cwKØv AXv \n¿∆-ln® ]pw A\n-tj-[yamWv.

Ncn-{X-Im-c≥am-cpsS Zp¿hm-in-aqew Ncn{X ]pkvX-I-ßfn¬

CSw t\SmsX t]mb Nne kzq^o h¿Ø-am-\-߃.

DØ-tc-¥y≥ kq^n-Iƒ:

Ncn-{Xw, kmln-Xyw, hym]\w ˛ c≠v

NnivXnIƒ

B[p\nI

A^vKm\nÿm\nse sldmØv

]´WØns‚ Ing°p`mKØmbn

hcp∂ lcndqZv \ZnbpsS

XocØpff sNdnb {]tZiamWv

NnivXv. ]Ømw \q‰m≠v hsc Cu

{]tZiw Jpdmkm\nse apkvenw

`cWm[n]cpsS XpS¿®bmb

cmjv{Sob CS-s]-S¬ ImcWw

i‡amb CkvemanI

kzm[o\Øn\v hnt[bambn.

NnivXns‚ CkvemanI X\nabn¬

BIrjvScmbn AhntS°v [mcmfw

kzq^n hy‡nIƒ

IpSntbdnbncp∂p. kndnbbn¬

\n∂p h∂ ssiJv A_q

CkvlmJv iman(d) (a.{In.940)

NnivXnte°v IpSntbdnb {]apJ

kzq^nIfn¬ s]Sp∂p. At±lw

kndnbbnte°v Xs∂ Xncn®p

t]mbn A° F∂ {]tZiØv

sh®v ln. 329/{In. 940 ¬

h^mØmhpIbp≠mbn.

At±lØn\v tijw JmP A_q

A“Zv A_vZ¬ NnivXn (a. 966),

A_q aplΩZv, JmP auZqZv

NnivXn (a. 1181) XpSßnbhcpw

NnivXnse kq^n t{iWnsb

\bn®p t]m∂p. NnivXn¬

A°mebfhnep≠mb cmjv{Sob

hnImkßfpw Kqcn Xp¿°pIfpsS

sXfn®w amknI Pq¨ 2012 39


]T\w

cmPmhns‚ Inc∑m¿ AwKip≤nhcpØm\p≈ sh≈w \ntj[n®t∏mƒ NnivXn (d) Xs‚

A\pbmbnsb ]db®v tIm∏bn¬ sh≈w tImcnbt∏mtg°pw A¬`p-X-sa-t∂mWw

A∂mkmK¿ XSm-Ihpw ASpØpff k¿h \Zn t{kmX pIfpw h‰nhcfpIbp≠mbn.

D¬`hhpw a‰pw B {]tZ-isØ

kmaqlnI A¥co£sØ

_m[n°pIbp≠mbn.

JzmP apCu\p≤o≥ NnivXn

(d)

ln. 536˛¬(2) Cdm≥

A^vKm≥ AXn¿Øn {]tZiamb

knPnÿm\n (Ct∏mgsØ

knkvXm≥) emWv JzmP

apCu\p≤o≥ NnivXn (d)

P\n®Xv. kzq^nbpw `‡\pamb

]nXmhv kønZv Knbmkp≤o≥

lk≥ (d) ]Xn\©mw hb n¬

CltemIw shSn∏mƒ

A\¥cambn e`n® tXm´w

t\m°n \SØp∂Xn\nSbn¬

C_vdmlow Jpµpkn F∂v

]dbs∏Sp∂ aPvZq_mb

hy‡nsb I≠pap´pIbpw

A\p{Klw t\SpIbpap≠mbn.

Bflo-b-X-bn¬ BIr-jvS-\mb

alm-\-h¿Iƒ ]n∂oSv

ka¿Jµnsebpw

_pJmdbnsebpw kzq^n

tI{µßƒ kµ¿in°pIbpw

A°mesØ {]apJcn¬ \n∂p

hn⁄m\w tXSp-I-bp-ap-≠m-bn.

40

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

CdmJnte°p≈ hgn at[y

ss\km]qcnse lm¿hm≥

F∂ ÿeØp sh®mWv Xs‚

Kpcp-h-cy-\mb JzmPm

Dkvam\n(d) s\ I≠p-ap-´nb-Xv.

Ccp]Xv h¿jtØmfw Xs‚

Kpcphns‚ ]q¿W tkh\Øn¬

Ign apCu-\p-≤o≥ (d)

Bflo-b-X-bpsS hnhn[ X¿_nb-Øp-Iƒ

At±-l-Øn\v Iogn¬

ioen-®p. ]n∂oSv kz¥ambn

\SØnb bm{X°nSbn¬ {]apJ

kzq^nh-cy-cmb ssiJv

A_vZp¬ JmZn¿ Poem\n (d),

ssiJv \Pvap±o≥ Ip_vdm,

ssiJv \Po_p±o≥ A_vZp¬

JmZn¿ kplvdh¿Zn, ssiJv

A_q kCuZv X_vcokn,

ssiJv a“qZv Ckzv^lm\n,

ssiJv \mkndp±o≥

AkvXdm_mZn, ssiJv

A_vZp¬ hmlnZv

XpSßnbhscsb√mw

kµ¿in®p. A°mesØ

{]apJ apkvenw tI{µßfmb

ka¿Jµv, _pJmd, _KvZmZv,

\bvkm]q¿, X_vcokv,

Ckzv^lm≥, k_vkvhm¿,

AkvXdm_mZv, _¬Jv XpSßnb

{]tZißfpw At±lw

kµ¿in®n´p≠v (\nkman 1961, 181).

JmPzm apCu\p±o≥ NnivXn (d)

APvaodn¬ FØnbt∏mƒ AhnsS

D≠mbncp∂Xv ]rYncmPv F∂

sslµh `cWm[nImcnbmbncp∂p.

cmPmhns‚ Inc∑m¿

AwKip≤nhcpØm\p≈ sh≈w

\ntj[n®t∏mƒ NnivXn (d) Xs‚

A\pbmbnsb ]db®v

tIm∏bn¬ sh≈w

tImcnbt∏mtg°pw A¬`p-X-sat∂mWw

A∂mkmK¿ XSm-Ihpw

ASpØpff k¿h \Zn

t{kmX pIfpw

h‰nhcfpIbp≠mbn. A∂v

A∂mkmK¿ XSmIØns‚bpw

]m\tke XSmIØns‚bpw XocØv

BbnctØmfw t£{X߃

D≠mbncp∂p. A∂m kmK¿

t£{XØnte°v t]mb JmP

AhnsSbp≈ _nw_sØ

a\pjy\m°n am‰n ilmZØv Iena

sN√n®p. Cu A¬`pX


kw`hßsf√mw Adn

P\߃ Iq´ambn

apkvenwIfmbn. cmPmhv Xs‚

{][m\ a{¥n Pbv]mens\

Fgp∂qtdmfw amcW°mcpsS

IqsS ]db®v ssiJv

Ah¿Isf t\cnSm≥

{ians®nepw JzmPm(d) bpsS

ap∂n¬ ]cmPbs∏´ Pbv]m¬

XpS¿∂v Ckvemw

kzoIcn°pIbmbncp∂p.

]rYncmPv Ckvemw kzoIcn°m≥

Xømdmbns√nepw JmP

apCu\p≤o≥ NnivXn (d) {]h-

Nn® t]mse At±lsØ

A[nIw Xma-kn-bmsX

kp¬Øm≥ apC p±o≥

IogS°pIbmWp≠mbXv (NnivXn

1623/1884). AJv_mdp¬

AJvbmdnepw knbdp¬

HuenbmCepw CØcw A¬`pX

kw`-h-ß-sf-°p-dn-®p≈ kam\

hnhcW߃ ImWmhp∂XmWv.

Ahkm\w APvaodn¬

Xmakam°nb At±lw c≠v

XhW U¬ln kµ¿in°pIbpw

Xs‚ injy\mb _‡nbmdp¬

IAIn (d) IqsS

Xmakn°pIbpw sNbvXn´p≠v.

A[nImc tI{µßfn¬ \n∂v

AI∂p Ignncp∂ NnivXn (d)

°v th≠n kp¬Øm≥

C¬Øpanjv cmP-Iob ^¿am≥

]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-°p-Ibp≠mbn. {In.

1236/ ln. 633 ¬ dP_v 6\mWv

ssiJv Ah¿Iƒ

CltemIhmkw shSnXv.

kp¬Øm≥ a“qZv Jn¬Pn

(1436˛1469) At±-l-Øns‚ J_dn≥

taep≈ aJv_dbpw

AhntS°p≈ _peµv Z¿hmk

F∂ {][m\ IhmShpw

ÿm]n®p. Nnt‰m¿ IogS°n

hcp∂ hgnsb APvaodn¬

kµ¿i\w \SØnb kabØv

AIv_¿ Hcp sNºv

kΩm\n°pIbp≠mbn. X\n°v

aI≥ keow P\n®Xns‚ BZc

kqNIambn B{Kbn¬ \n∂p

APvaodnte°v \·]mZ\mbn

\S∂v h∂ AIv_¿ 1570\v

s^{_phcnbnemWv APvao-dnse

Z¿KbnseØnbXv (cnkvhn 1978,

126). AIv_dns‚ ]n≥Kman

PlmwKodpw F.-Un. 1614 ¬ At±l-Øns‚

sNºnt\°mƒ sNdnb

Hcp sNºv Z¿K-bn-te°v t\¿®bmbn

\¬In-bn-´p-≠v. apKƒ N{Ih¿Øn-am-cm-bn-cp∂

PmlmwKodpw

jmPlm\pw Hudw-K-ko_psa√mw

APvao¿ Z¿Kbnse

At¥hmknIƒ°v DZm-c-amb

klmb߃ sNbvXncp-∂p-sh∂v

Ncn-{X-Øn¬ ImWmw.

ssiJv lmanZp±o≥ \mKq¿

JmPm apCu-\p-±o≥

NnivXn(d)°v tijw

DØtc¥ybn¬ NnivXnø

XzcoJØv {]Ncn∏n®Xv

U¬lnbn¬ _‡nbm¿ IAIn

(d) bpw cP]pØm\bn¬ ssiJv

lmanZp±o\p (d) amWv.

at[y¥ybnse ]´Wßfn¬ \n∂v

AI∂v \mKqcnse kphm¬ F∂

sIm®p {KmaØnemWv ssiJv

lmanZp±o≥ Ignncp∂Xv. JmP

(d)bpsS IqsS

U¬lnbnte°p≈ bm{Xbn¬

lmanZp±ovv\pw(d) A\pKan®ncp∂p.

A√mlphns‚ {]oXnbnepff

Xs‚ injys‚ ]cnXymKw a\- nem-°nb

JmP (d) At±-lsØ

"kp¬Øm\pXzmcnJo≥' F∂

ÿm\ ]Zhn \¬In BZcn®ncp∂p.

kphm¬ {KmaØn¬

kz¥ambn ]ip°sf

hf¿Ønbpw P\ßfn¬ \n∂v

AI∂v Zm\߃ kzoI-cn-°msXbpw

]cnXymKnbmbn´mbncp∂p

At±lw Ignncp∂Xv. ln. 673

d_oD m\n 29 \mWv At±lw

X\n°v aI≥ keow P\n®Xns‚ BZc kqNIambn

B{Kbn¬ \n∂p APvaodnte°v \·]mZ\mbn \S∂v h∂

AIv_¿ 1570\v s^{_phcnbnemWv APvao-dnse

Z¿KbnseØnbXv (cnkvhn 1978, 126). AIv_dns‚ ]n≥Kman

PlmwKodpw F.-Un. 1614 ¬ At±-l-Øns‚ sNºnt\°mƒ

sNdnb Hcp sNºv Z¿K-bn-te°v t\¿®-bmbn \¬In-bn-´p-≠v.

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 41

]T\w


]T\w

kp¬Øm≥ iwkp±o≥ C¬Øpanjv U¬lnbnte°v Bÿm\w am‰nbtXmsS U¬lnbpw

kq^nIfpsS tI{µambn cq]s∏´p. JzmPm (d)s‚ Jeo^bmbn U¬ln \KcØn¬ NnivXn

XzcoJØn\v t\XrXzw \¬Inbncp∂Xv ssiJv JpYp_p±o≥ _‡nbm¿ IAIn (d) Bbncp∂p.

h^mØmbXv. kp¬Øm≥ aplΩZv

Xp•°v At±lØns‚ J_dn¬

aJmw ]WnXp\¬In. 330 Pq¨

aq∂n\mWv AXns‚ \n¿amWw

]q¿ØnbmbXv.

JmP JpYp_p±o≥ _‡nbm¿

IAvIn (d)

APvaodpw \mKqcpw NnivXn

XzcoJØns‚ {][m\s∏´

tI{µßfmbncp∂pshnepw

kp¬Øm≥ iwkp±o≥

C¬Øpanjv U¬lnbnte°v

Bÿm\w am‰nbtXmsS

U¬lnbpw kq^nIfpsS

tI{µambn cq]s∏´p. JzmPm (d)s‚

Jeo^bmbn U¬ln \KcØn¬

NnivXn XzcoJØn\v t\XrXzw

\¬Inbncp∂Xv ssiJv

JpYp_p±o≥ _‡nbm¿ IAIn

(d) Bbncp∂p. l√mPv

kq^nt{iWnbpsS tI{µamb

at[yjybnse HujnemWv

At±lw P\n®Xv. Hujnse

{]mYanI hnZym`ymkØn\v tijw

At±lw _KvZmZnte°v bm{X-bm-hp-

Ibpw AhnsS sh®v ssiJv

42

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

Poem\n(d), Jmkn lmanZp±o≥,

ssiJv HulmZp±o≥ In¿am\n

XpSßnbhsc

kµ¿in°pIbpap≠mbn. A_q

ssekv ka¿JµnbpsS

]≈nbn¬ sh®mWv At±lw

Kpcp-hmb JmP NnivXn (d) s\

I≠pap´p∂Xpw At±lØns‚

injyXzw kzoIcn°m≥

Xocpam\n°p∂Xpw (\nkman,

1961, 187). _KvZmZn¬ \n∂p

Jpdmkm≥ hgnbmWv _‡n-bm¿

IAvIn (d) apƒ´m\n¬

FØp∂Xv. B kabØv

awtKmfpIƒ apƒ´m≥

B{Ian°m\p≈ Xøm-sd-

Sp∏nembncp∂p. AX-dn

apƒ´m≥ `cWm[nImcn ssiJv

\mkndp±o≥ B{I-a-W-Øn¬

\n∂v c£-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ JmP

_‡nbm¿ IAIn (d)bpsS

ASp-°¬ h∂v A`y¿∞n®p.

At±lw Hcp Aºv FSpØp

sImSpØp i{Xp Imºnte°v

Ae£yambn Føm≥ I¬]n®p.

AtXmsS awtKmfpIƒ

B{IaWØn¬ \n∂p

]n≥hmßn. _‡n-bm¿ IAvIn

(d)hn¬ hnizmkw h¿[n®

apƒ´m≥ Kh¿W¿ At±ltØmSv

AhnsS Xs∂ ÿnc-amb Xma-kn-

°m≥ Bh-iy-s∏s´nepw

ssiJv Ah¿Iƒ

U¬lnbnte°v Xs∂ Xncn°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.

F.-Un. 1221¬

U¬lnbnseØnb At±-lsØ

`c-Wm-[n-Imcn kp¬Øm≥

C¯panjv cmPIobambn

Xs∂ kzoIcn®p. "ssiJp¬

Ckvemw' ]´w kzoIcn°m≥

C¬Øpanjv ssiJv Ah¿ItfmSv

Bhiys∏´pshnepw

ÿm\-am-\-ß-fn¬ Xm¬]cyw

ImWn-°m-Ø- A-t±lw AXv

kzoI-cn-°m≥ Xøm-dm-bn√

(Pamen 1536, 21). JzmPm NnivXn

(d) U¬lnbn¬ FØnbt∏mƒ

C¬Øpanjv c≠v t]scbpw BZc-]q¿hw

A\pKan®ncp∂psh∂v

Ncn-{X-Øn¬ ImWmw. A[nImc

tI{µßfn¬ CS-s]SmsXbmWv

At±lw Pohn®ncp∂sXnepw


kp¬Øms‚ Pt\m]Imc{]Zamb

]e kwcw`߃°pw At±lw

]n¥pW \¬Inbncp∂p. IAIn

F∂ t]cv hcm\p≈ ImcWw

AZriytemIØp \n∂p

At±lØn\v sdm´n

hcmdp≈Xn\memsW∂v Pamen

Xs‚ Ncn{XØn¬ ]dbp∂p. 1235

\hw_dn¬/ 14 d_o. A∆¬ 633

\v At±lw h^mØmbn.

U¬lnbnse alvtdmfnbn¬

At±-lsØ adhv

sNøs∏´ncn°p∂Xv. Xs‚ HºXv

injy∑mcn¬ AXn

{]ikvXcmbXv _m_m ^coZv

K©iIdpw ssiJv _Zvdp±o≥

Kkv\hpbpambncp∂p.

ssiJv ^coZv K©iI¿ (d)

]Xnaq∂mw \q‰m≠nse

G‰hpw {]kn≤\mb kq^n

hcy\mbncp∂p ssiJv ^coZp±o≥

C

K©iI¿ (d). NnivXn

XzcoJØn\v hy‡amb kwLSnX

cq]w \¬InbXv K©iI¿ (d)

Bbncp∂p. apƒØm\nse

IXvhmfn¬ Hcp ]WvUnX

IpSpw_Øn¬ P\n® A±lw

AhnsSbp≈ Hcp ]≈nbn¬

sh®mWv Xs‚ Bflob Kpcp

_‡nbm¿ IAIn (d)sb

I≠pap´p∂Xv. hmbn¬ sh®

I√n≥ IjvW߃ ]©kmc

Bbn amdnbXn\memWv K©iI¿

F∂ t]cv h∂sX∂v

tcJs∏SpØs∏´ncn°p∂p. Xs‚

IdmaØpIƒ aqew

{]kn≤\mbnØo¿∂Xn\m¬

hmbn¬ sh® I√n≥ IjvW߃ ]©kmc Bbn

amdnbXn\memWv K©iI¿ F∂ t]cv h∂sX∂v

tcJs∏SpØs∏´ncn°p∂p. Xs‚ IdmaØpIƒ aqew

{]kn≤\mbnØo¿∂Xn\m¬ At±lw lnkmdnse lm≥kn

F∂ Dƒ\m´nte°v amdnØmakn®p.

At±lw lnkmdnse lm≥kn

F∂ Dƒ\m´nte°v

amdnØmakn®p. ]n∂oSv

]mIv]Øm\nse

AtPm[\nte°v bm{X-bmbn.

1236¬ ln. 664 apldw 5\v

h^mØmIp∂Xv hsc At±lw

AhnsSbmbncp∂p

Xmakn®ncp∂Xv. _m_m ^coZv

Ad_n, t]¿jy≥ IhnXIfn¬

A{KKWy\mbncp∂p.

_m_m ^coZv K©iI¿ (d)

s‚ injycn¬ {]kn≤cmWv

At±lØns‚ Cfb ktlmZc≥

ssiJv \Po_p±o≥ apXh°n¬

(d), ssiJv \nkmap±o≥ Huenb

(d), auem\m _Zvdp±o≥

CkvlmJv (d) F∂nh¿. ssiJv

Pamep±ot\mSp≈ ASp∏w

ImcWamWv ssiJv K©iI¿

(d) lm≥kn¬ ]{¥≠p

h¿jtØmfw Xmakn®ncp∂Xv

F∂v ImWmw (dnkvhn 1978, 153).

ssiJv \nkmap±o≥ Huenb

]Xn\memw \q‰m≠nse

G‰hpw henb kq^nbmbncp∂p

ssiJv K©iIdns‚ injy\mb

ssiJv \nkmap±o≥ Huenb (d).

U¬lnbnse _ZmDu\n¬ 1238

emWv At±lw P\n°p∂Xv.

ssiJh¿IfpsS ]nXmal≥

kønZv Aen F∂nh¿

_pJmdbn¬ \n∂v

_ZmDu\nte°v

IpSntbdn∏m¿ØhcmWv.

At±lØns‚ BZy Kpcp imZn

apJvdn, auem\ AemD±o≥

Dkqen F∂o kq^n-hcycmbncp∂p.

DkqenbpsS IqsS

]Tn°p∂ kabØv Hcp

J∆men¬ \n∂mWv _m_m

^coZv K©iIdn(d)s\°pdn®v

At±lw tIƒ°p∂Xv. At±lsØ

kµ¿in-°p-∂-Xn\v th≠n

ln. 655¬ 1257/58 ¬

U¬lnbn¬ \n∂pw \nkmap±o≥

(d) AtPmZ\nte°v bm{Xbmbn.

Xs‚ injys‚ Bflob hf¿®

a\- n-em-°nb _m_m ^doZv

(d) AtPmZ\nse PamAØv

Jm\bn¬ At±lØn\v Hcp

{]tXyI CSw Xs∂ \¬In.

AtPmZ\n¬ \n∂v

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 43

]T\w


]T\w

Xncns®Ønb At±lw ]n∂oSv

Xmakn®ncp∂Xv kplrØv

CamZp¬ ap¬Ins‚

ho´nembncp∂p. ]n∂oSv AhnsS

\n∂v Xs‚ injy\pw

kp¬Øms‚ tPen°mc\pamb

iwkp≤o≥ imd_Zdns‚

ASptØ°v Xmakw amdn. Cu

kabØv Aao¿ Jpkvdp

apƒØm\nse cmPIpamc≥

aplΩZns‚ acWtØmsS

U¬lnbnte°v Xncn®ncp∂p.

U¬lnbn¬ Xncn®p h∂Xn\p

tijhpw ssiJv (d) ]e

hn⁄m-\-ß-fn-ep≈ ]T\ k]cy

XpS¿∂p. kp¬Øm≥

_m¬_s‚ Camapw lZokv

]WvUnX\pamb auem\

Iamep±o≥ kmlnZn¬ \n∂mWv

At±lw _pJmcn, apkvenw

lZokv {KŸßƒ ]Tn®Xv.

kp¬Øm≥ _m¬_s‚ tijw

h∂ Pemep≤o≥ J¬Pn

44

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

(1290˛96) ssiJv

Ah¿IfpsSbpw a‰pw Zmcn{Zyw

tI´dnv bp≤-ap-XepIƒ

At±lØn\v

sImSpØb®ncp∂p.

kp¬Øm≥ AemD±o≥

Jn¬PnbpsS (1296˛1316) ImeØv

At±lhpw IpSpw_ßfpw

ssiJv Ah¿I-tfmSv i‡-amb

ASp∏hpw hnizm-khpw

]pe¿Ønbncp∂p. Xs‚

ssk\ym[n]≥ amenIv \mC_v

(1309˛10) sXenm\bnse

hmd¬ tIm´ B{Ian®

kabØv ssk\yw

]cmPbt∏mSm≥

t]mIp∂psh∂ B[n U¬lnbn¬

hym]n®p. B kabw

kp¬Øm≥ Xs‚ ZqX≥amsc

ssiJns‚ ASptØ°v

]db®p. i{Xp°ƒ

]cmPbs∏Spsa∂v {]hNn®

At±lw IqSpX¬ henb

kp¬Øm≥ _m¬_s‚ Camapw lZokv ]WvUnX\pamb

auem\ Iamep±o≥ kmlnZn¬ \n∂mWv At±lw _pJmcn,

apkvenw lZokv {KŸßƒ ]Tn®Xv. kp¬Øm≥ _m¬_s‚

tijw h∂ Pemep≤o≥ J¬Pn (1290˛96) ssiJv

Ah¿IfpsSbpw a‰pw Zmcn{Zyw tI´dnv bp≤-ap-XepIƒ

At±lØn\v sImSpØb®ncp∂p.

hnPbw hcpsa∂pw Biwkn®p.

At∂ Znhkw i{Xp∏S

]cmPbs∏´ hnhcw

sXenm\bn¬ \n∂p h∂p

(_mdm\n, 341˛45). ssiJv

Ah¿Iƒ `cWImcyßfn¬

CSs]Sm≥ CjvSs∏´ns√nepw

kp¬Øm≥ Knbmkp≤o≥

(1320˛25) ssiJnt\mSv

hntcm[w ]pe¿Ønbncp∂p.

_wKmƒ, XnlvdqØv

A[n\nthiw Ignv Xncn®p

hcptºmtg°v U¬ln hn´p

t]mIWsa∂v kp¬Øm≥ Knbmkp-≤o≥

I¬]n®p. CXv tI´v

ssiJv {]XnIcn®Xv ""U¬ln

Ct∏mgpw At±-l-Øn¬ \n∂v

AIsebmsW∂mWv''. ]n∂oSv

Knbmkp≤os‚ `cWØn¬

\n∂p A^vKm≥]q¿

\jvSs∏SpIbpw At±lw

s]s´∂v Xs∂ F.-Un. 1325 ¬

acn°pIbpap≠mbn. ssiJv

Ah¿Ifpw AtX h¿jw ln.

725 d. km\n 18 /1325 G{]n¬

3\mWv h^mØmbXv. ssiJp¬

Ckvemw ssiJv dpJv\p±o≥

ap¬Øm\n Ah¿IfmWv

At±lØns‚ P\mk

\nkvImcØn\v t\XrXzw

\¬InbXv. At±lØns‚

aJmw ]WnXp \¬InbXv `c-Wm-

[n-Imcn aplΩZv _n\v Xp•°v

BWv (Pamen 1536, 90˛91).

CkvemanI {]t_m[\Øn¬

ssiJns‚ ho£Ww

hnhcn°p∂ Hcp kw`hw

^hmCZp¬ ^pBZv 196 mw

t]Pn¬ hniZoIcn°p∂p≠v.

Xs‚ Hcp injy≥ Hcp lnµp

ktlmZcs\bpw Iq´n Hcn°¬

ssiJv Ah¿Isf ImWm≥

h∂p. ssiJv kplrØv

Ckvemw kzoIcnt®m F∂v

tNmZn®t∏mƒ Aßsb

ImWm\pw AXneqsS

Ckvemans\

a\ nem°ns°mSp°m\pamWv

h∂sX∂v injy≥ {]XnIcn®p.

At∂cw ssiJv Ah¿Iƒ

injytcmSv ]dXv

kzmenlmb PohnX߃ am{Xta

Ckvemante°v P\ßsf

sIm≠phcnIsbm≈qsh∂mWv.


\hmkv \nkm¿

ss_t\m-°p-e¿

]›n-ta-jy≥ ko¿W-X-Iƒ°p ]n∂nse Ata-cn°≥ ˛ C{kmtb¬

Ahn-ip≤ Iq´p-sI-´ns‚ _men-i-amb Xm¬]-cy-߃

Xpd-∂p-Im-´p-bmWv ss_t\m-°p-e¿.

Zpc¥w {]l-k-\-ambn

Bh¿Øn-°p∂p

ss_t\m-°p-e¿ C∂p

N¿®-s°-Sp-°p-∂Xv kndn-b≥

{]Xn-k-‘n-bm-Wv. 2005 apX¬

kndn-b-bn-se cmjv{Sob kw`-h-hn-

Im-k-߃, A¥m-cmjv{S cmjv{Sob-Øns‚

apJy-N¿®m hnj-b-ß-fnsem-∂mbn

amdn-bn-cp-∂p. 2010 apXen-tßm´v

a[y-]u-ckvXy tZi-ßfn¬

hym]n® Ad_v hk¥w

F∂ cmjv{Sob XcwKw ]e-cm-Pyß-fnepw

KpW-]-c-amb am‰-߃

kw`-hn-®n-´p-s≠-nepw kndn-b-t]mep≈

Nne cmjv{S-ß-fn¬ AXv

FXn¿^-e-߃ D≠m-°n-bn-cn-°p-

I-bm-Wv. as‰mcp hn[-Øn¬ ]d-

m¬ ]m›m-Xy-cm-jv{S-ßfpsSbpw

C{km-Cu-en-s‚bpw

]pXnb cmjv{Sob ]co-£-W-ß-fpsSbpw

thZn-bmbn kndnb amdp-

∂pt≠m F∂ kwibw cmPym-

¥c cmjv{Sob cwKØv _e-s∏´p

hcn-I-bm-Wv. CØ-cp-W-Øn¬ Zqsc

FhnsS \nt∂m Hcp bp≤-t`-cnbpsS

apg°w tIƒ°p-∂pt≠m

F∂v ]ecpw kwi-bn®p XpS-ßnbn-cn-°p-∂p.

\ap°v ho≠pw A_≤w

]‰ntbm F∂v \mw ho≠pw kwibn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p∂p.

kndn-b-bn¬

C∂v \S-°p∂ Iem-]-߃ kndnb≥

k¿°m-dn-s\-Xnsc C{km-

Cuen-s‚bpw Ata-cn-°-bp-sSbpw

klm-b-tØm-sS \S-°p∂

{]h¿Ø-\-ß-fmtWm AtXm

_»mdp¬ Ak-Zns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Ønep≈

kndn-b≥ k¿°m¿ P\߃°p-t\sc

\S-Ønb a\p-jymh-Imi

ewL-\-ß-fpsS A\-¥-c-

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 45


ss_t\m-°p-e¿

^-e-amtWm F∂pw Xncn-®-dn-bm≥

{]bm-k-am-Wv. CXns‚ {][m\

ImcWw kndn-b≥ `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚

P\-X-tbm-Sp≈ kao-]\w Btcm-Ky-

I-c-am-bn-cp-∂n-√ F∂Xv Xs∂-bm-Wv.

kndn-b-bnse C{km-Cuen Ata-cn-

°≥ Xm¬]-cy-߃ i‡n-s∏-Sm≥

Imc-Ww B cmPyw Cdm-\p-th≠n

\ne-sIm-≈p∂p F∂p-≈-Xm-Wv.

Ad_v temIØv cq]-s∏´v hcp∂

inbm˛kp∂n sFIy-Øns‚

HcpZml-c-W-amWv kndn-b≥ Cdm-\nb≥

_‘w. am{X-a-√, e_-\m-\nse

lnkv_p-√bv°v th≠n Cdm-t\msSm∏w

klm-b-k-l-I-c-W-ß-fpw

a‰pw sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-°p∂ cmjv{SamWv

kndn-b. IqSmsX Zim-_vZ-ßfmbn

C{km-Cu-ep-ambn AXn¿Øn

X¿°-Ønepw {]Xy-b-imkv{X

X¿°-Ønepw G¿s∏-´n-cn-°p∂ Hcp

cmPy-amWv kndn-b. Aßs\ kndnb

]›n-a-cm-Py-߃°pw C{km-Cuen\pw

Hcp Ic-Sm-sW∂Xv h¿Ø-

46

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

am\ hkvXp-X-bm-Wv. ChnsS

Ncn{Xw {]l-k-\-Øns‚ cq]-

Øn¬ Bh¿Øn-°p-I-bmtWm

F∂-XmWv \mw ]-cn-tim-[n-t°-≠-

Xv. \m¬]Xp h¿jw ]pd-tIm-´-pt]m-bm¬

1973 ¬ Aº-Øn- F-´mbncw

Poh-lm-\nbpw AXn-s\-

°mƒ i‡-amb tXtPm-lm-

\nbpw G‰p-hm-ßn-bmWv Atacn°

hnb-‰v\m-an¬ \n∂v tXm¬hntbmsS

]n∑mdn-b-Xv. CtX

ImcWw sIm≠pXs∂-bmWv

]pØ≥ A¥m-cmjv{S kmº-

ØnI {ia-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-

Øn¬ a[y- ]u-ckvXy cmjv{SßfpsS

kmº-ØnI

sa®s∏´Xpw.

1970 Ifn¬ hym]-I-amb

Hmbn¬ kº-Xvhy-hÿ temIkm-º-ØnI

{Ia-Øns‚ kncm-tI-

{µ-ambn a[y-]u-c-kvXy tZi-ßsf

am‰n IqSmsX 1979 ¬ ]m›mXy

A\p-Iqe k¿°m¿ Cdm-\n¬

\m¬]Xp h¿jw ]pd-tIm-´-p-t]m-bm¬ 1973 ¬ Aº-Øn- F-

´m-bncw Poh-lm-\nbpw AXn-s\-°mƒ i‡-amb tXtPm-lm-

\nbpw G‰p-hm-ßn-bmWv Ata-cn° hnb-‰v\m-an¬ \n∂v

tXm¬hn-tbmsS ]n∑mdn-b-Xv. CtX ImcWw sIm≠pXs∂bmWv

]pØ≥ A¥m-cmjv{S kmº-ØnI {ia-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-

\-Øn¬ a[y- ]u-ckvXy cmjv{S-ßfpsS kmº-ØnI

sa®s∏´Xpw.

A´n-a-dn-°-s∏-´Xpw anUn-eo-Ãn-se

as‰m-cp {it≤-b-amb hkvXp-X-bmbn.

CtXm-sSm∏w Iq´n-hm-bnt°≠

as‰mcp hkvXp-X

1974,75,76 h¿j-߃ CS-°m-eØv

\n∂p-t]mb ioX-bp≤w Ata-cn°

tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b-s\-Xnsc

ho≠pw D]-tbm-Kn®p F∂p≈-Xm-

Wv. Aßs\ hnb-‰v\m-an-te‰ ]cm-

P-bhpw \h-io-X-bp-≤-Øns‚

cmjv{Sob bmYm¿Yy-ß-fpw

Atacn°sbbpw ]pXnb kJy-I-

£n-Isfbpw \hkmºØnI

t{kmX- p-Ifpw ssk\nI

tI{µß-fpw At\z-jn-°m≥

\n¿_-‘n-®p. Cusbmcp kml-Ncy-Øn-emWv

Ata-cn° 1980 ¬

k±mw lpssk-s\ {]tIm-]n-∏n®v

Cdm-Jns\ Cdm-\p-ambn A{I-an-∏n-

®Xv. AtXm-sSm∏w Xs∂ tkmhnb‰v

djy A^vKm\n¬ ImWn®

hnVnØw, Atacn°°v

Ad_n°S¬ hgn

]mInÿm≥˛A^vKm\nÿm≥

taJeIfnte°v IS∂phcm≥

klmbn®p. Atacn°bpsS

t{]cWbm¬ 1980 apX¬ 1988

hsc Cdm\pambn

bp≤Ønte¿s∏´ CdmJv 1990 ¬

k±mw IpsshØns\ A{Ian®Xv

hgn Atacn°bpsS ]£°mcmbn

amdnb kDuZn Atd_ybpw

Kƒ^v taJebn¬ ssk\nI

kmºØnI cmjv{Sob kmlNcyw

Dd∏n°m≥ Atacn°sb

klmbn®p. A∂v

cmjv{S߃°nSbnep≈

km[mcW X¿°ßfn¬

CSs]Sp∂p F∂ hymtPs\

Atacn° km[ns®SpØXv,

Kƒ^v taJebnse

\n¿ÆmbIamb ssk\nI

cmjv{Sob km\n[yamWv. F∂m¬

2001 ¬ Atacn°bpsS A^vKm≥

A{IaWhpw 2003 \v tijw

CdmJn¬ \SØnb ssk\nI

CSs]SepIfpw Kƒ^v

taJebn¬ Atacn°°v

kmcamb £oWw

hcpØnsh®n´p≠v.

AtXmsSm∏w Xs∂

^ekvXo\n¬ h∂

P\m[n]Xyhpw Ad^mØns‚

acWhpw 2006˛07


Zmdp¬ lpZm Ckvem-anIv

bqWn-th-gvkn‰n {]th-i\

C‚¿hyq BKÃv Ccp-]Øn

A©n\v Zmdp¬ lpZ-bn¬ sh®v

\S-Ø-s∏-Sp-∂p. \m\q‰n Aº-Xntesd

At]-£-I-fmWv CØhW

Zmdp¬ lpZ-bn-te°v am{Xambn

e`n-®n-´p-≈-Xv. CXn¬

\n∂v {]m]vX-cmb Fgp-]Øn

c≠v hnZym¿∞n-I-sf-bmWv

C‚¿hyq-hn-eqsS sXc-s-Sp-

°p-I. BKÃv Ccp-]Øn Ggn\v

D®°v c≠va-Wn°v tijw

C‚¿hyq dnkƒ´v {]kn-≤o-I-cn-

°p-∂-Xm-Wv.

Zmdp¬ lpZm Ckvem-anIv

bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n ]pXnb A≤ymb\

h¿jw BKÃv Ccp-]Øn

Hº-Xn\v Bcw-`n-°p∂p

\mj-W¬ D¿Zp t{]m{Kman\pw,

hnhn[ kwÿm-\-ßfnse

apkvenw kaq-l-Øns‚

hnZym-`ymk kmaq-lnI

kmkvIm-cnI taJ-e-Isf

Ipdn®v Kth-jWw \S-Øp-∂-

Xn\pw th≠n C¥y-bpsS

hnhn[ kwÿm-\-߃

kµ¿in®v Zmdp¬ lpZm ]nPn

hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ aS-ßn.

Zmdp¬ lpZm _wKm-fnse

_o¿`qw Pn√-bn¬ Bcw-`n®

Hm^v Imºkv DZvLm-S\w

k]vXw-_¿ Ah-km-\-tØmsS

\S-Ø-s∏-Spw.

Zmdp¬ lpZm dPn-kv{Sm¿

e≠-\n-te°v

Zmdp¬ lpZm dPn-kv{Smdpw sXfn®w

amknI ap≥ FUn-‰¿ C≥ Nm¿Pp-amb

tUm.-kp-ss_¿ lpZhn tNI-∂q¿ e≠-\nte°v.

2010 s^{_p-hcn Zmdp¬ lpZm

bq\n-th-gvkn‰n kµ¿in® {_n´ojv

ssl°-Ωo-js‚ {]tXyI £W-{]-Im-camWv

At±lw e≠-\n-te°v Xncn-°p-∂-Xv.-

C-¥y-bn¬ \n∂v ]pd-s∏-Sp∂ \mev apkvenw

{]Xn-\n-[n-I-fn¬ Hcp-h\mWv tUmIvS¿

kpss_¿ lpZhn.

_wKm-fnse Zmdp¬ lpZm Hm^v Imº-kn¬ C‚-hy-hn-\mbn FØnb hnZym¿Yn-Iƒ

Zmdp¬ lpZm ]n.Pn ss^\¬ Cb¿ ]co-£m-^ew ]pd-Øp-h-∂p.

Un∏m¿´vsa‚ v Hm^v Jp¿-B≥ B‚ v dnte-‰Uv kb≥kn¬ A–p¬ djoZv

lpZhn hfm-t©-cnbpw Un∏m¿´vsa‚ v Hm^v lZokv B‚ v dnte-‰Uv

kb≥kn¬ iaow lpZhn sNdp-Icbpw Un∏m¿´vsa‚ v Hm^v ^nJvlv

B‚ v ^≠-sa‚¬ ÃUo-kn¬ kz^vhm≥ ]n.Sn lpZ-hn Iq´n-e-ßmSnbpw

Un∏m¿´vsa‚ v Hm^v AJoZv B‚ v ^ntem-k-^n-bn¬ kzmenlv kn.sI

lpZhn XqX°pw Un∏m¿´vsa‚ v Hm^v ZAvh B‚ v Iw]m-c-‰ohv dneo-

Py¨kn¬ kpssl¬ lpZhn hnf-bnepw dmv Ic-ÿ-am-°n.

Zmdp¬ lpZm ]n.-Pn-bp-ambn

kpssl¬ lpZhn ate-jy-bn-te°v

Zmdp¬ lpZm sshkvNm≥kne-dpw sXfn®w amknI No^v

FUn-‰-dp-amb tUm.-_-lm-D-±o≥ apl-ΩZv \Zvhn-bpsS aI\pw

amenIv Zo\m¿ Ckvem-anIv A°m-Z-an-bnse eIvN-d-dpw sXfn®w

amknI ap≥ Atkm-kn-tb‰v FUn-‰-dp-amb kpssl¬ lpZhn

ate-jy-bn-te-°v. C‚¿\m-j-W¬ Ckvem-anIv bqWn-th-gvkn‰n

atejy (sF.-sF.-bp.-Fw)¬ Ckvem-anIv dnssh-h¬ t\mtfmPv

B≥Uv sldn-t‰Pv F∂ hnj-b-Øn¬ Kth-jWw \S-Øp-∂-Xn\v

th≠n-bmWv At±lw sF.-sF.-bp.-F-Ωnte°v Xncn-°p-∂-Xv.

Zmdp¬ lpZm Ckvem-anIv bqWn-th-gvkn-‰nbn¬ \n∂v 2010emWv

kpssl¬ lpZhn ]T\w Ignv ]pd-Øn-d-ßn-b-Xv.

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 47

Imºkv


IhnX

lmin¿ aS-∏≈n

Nph-sc-gpØv

a\ v Nph-cn¬ ]Xn°ptºmƒ

B¿´n-Ã-t\-°m-ƒ

\n]p-W≥ sXΩm-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

s\©v IpØn-Øp-d∂v

a\ v tdmUn\-SpØ

Nph-cn¬ t^m´m-Ãm-Sp-°p-tºmƒ

C‚¿\m-j-W¬ B¿´n-Ãm-bn-cp∂p Ah≥.

IhnX

dnbmkv apl-ΩZv ]n

a≥l-Pp¿d-imZv tNte{º

adp-]Sn {]Xo-£n-°p∂

IhnX

C¥ym..

\ns‚ aSn-Ø-´n¬

P\-®-XmtWm

Fs‚ sX‰v.

Rm≥ Xoh-≠n-bn¬

Imivao¿ hgn

Rm≥ emtlm-dn-te°v t]mIsh

Xoh≠n N{Iw sRcn--a-cp∂

i_vZ-߃°n-S-bn¬

C¥y≥ AXn¿Yn-bn¬ sh®v

t_mw_v s]m´n-sØ-dn-°p-∂p.

ASpØ Znhkw ]{X-ß-fn¬

sh≠-°m-£-c-Øn¬

Fs‚ t]tcm-Sp-IqsS

Pam-AØp ZAvhbpsS

tIcfm klmbn Ad-Ãn¬

48

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012

Dd-h-Iƒ

C˛Ddh thelitcham@gmail.com

IhnX

\kvdn≥ kn.]n

aXn-ep-Iƒ

a\- n¬ ]Xnsb

]Sp-Øp-b¿Ønb Nph∂

]mSp-I-fp≈ ku[w

]ns∂ AsXmcpao-km≥I√mbn

D≈n-se-cn-bp-∂-Xns‚

\mhmbn Db¿∂p \n¬°p∂p

aXn-en-\-∏pdw DS-en√mXe-Iƒ

In∂mcw ]d-bp-∂p.

IhnX

^mkn¬ Ccn-ßm-hq¿

DΩ

s\©nse \njvI-f-X

Np≠n-eqsS Hgp°n

AΩn--∏m-en¬ ambw tN¿°mØ

kvt\lw Ie¿Øn

]mZ-ß-fn¬ kz¿Kw kq£n-°p∂

cm⁄n

\o≠p Npc≠p InS-°p∂

sh∏v XmSnbpw

sh≈ Pp∫bpw ss]Pm-abpw

Imivao-cn-b≥ sXm∏nbpw sh®v

t]meokv Fs∂ am[y-a-߃°v

{]Z¿in-∏n-®p.

am[y-a-߃ hnfn®p Iqhn

Rm\mWv {]Xn-sb∂v

F¥mWv Rm≥ sNbvX sXs‰-∂-dnbmsX

C∂pw Rm≥

Xnlm¿ Pbn-en¬ Ign-bp-∂p.

Rms\mcp Xo{h-hm-Zntbm?

DØcw {]Xo-£n-°p-∂p.

Xo{h-hmZn, Xnlm¿

F∂ hnem-k-Øn-e-b-°p-I.


Dd-h-Iƒ

C˛Ddh thelitcham@gmail.com

IhnX

\ioZ \kvdn≥ Xpd-°¬

1 Bkmw

sImt{Im-Pnse A`-bm¿Øn

sXm´-Sp-Øn-cp∂bmfpsS

sNhn-bn¬ AS°w ]dp

\msf s]cp-∂m-fm-Wv....

2 DΩ®n

Hm¿Ω-Iƒ

Hmtcm-∂mbn aS°n

sh®n-cn-°p-I-bmWv

apIsØ Npcp-fp-I-fn-e-{X-bpw.

DΩ-®n-tbmfw {]mb-ap≠v

Ah-t°m-tcm-∂n-\pw.

IhnX

A≥h¿ _pssdIn

at©cn

{]Xn-^ew

Ahƒ

Ft∂mSp ]d-Xv

Hcp hf-bmWv

Rm\-hƒs°mcp

amebpw hmßn-s°m-SpØp

]n∂o-sSmcp tamXncw

ssIsNbv≥, ]mZkcw,

Aßs\ ]e-Xp...

Ct∏m-f-h-sfmcp

Pz√dn XpS-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p

3 {]Wbw

]Ømw ¢mkn¬

kvIqfn\p

]n≥e-isØ Npa-cn¬

Icn-°´ sIm≠v

\Ωƒ hnhm-ln-X-cm-bXv

4. IÆmSn

Fs‚ kz]v\-ß-fpsS

AXn¿ hc-ºv.

5. Ccp´v

cm{Xn-bpsS

]mT ]pkvX-I-Øn¬

Ccp´v Hc-£-cw...

IhnX

A≥h¿ _pssdIn

at©cn

ssS∏nÃv

A£-c-s∏m-´p-Iƒ

sImØn-s∏-dp°n

Ccp-ssI-Ifpw Ft∏mgpw

Aep \S-°p-∂p-≠mhpw

Iot_m¿Un\p ]pdØv

Hcp X≈t°mgn-bpsS

NSp-e-X-thWw

Hmtcm sImØn\pw

s]mdp-°n\pw

Unssk-\¿

lrZb c‡w

Du‰n-bm-sW-nepw

\ndw \¬Intb ]‰q.

sXfn-®p-ap-s≈mcp

\mtf-°mbv

IhnX

apÿ^ sXøme

\ng¬

Ccp-´n\v \c-_m-[n-®-t∏m-gmWv

\o Fs‚ IqsS

Ds≠∂ kXyw Adn-Xv.

sXfn®w amknI sk]vXw-_¿ 2012 49


Jp∆-Øp¬ Ckvemw Ad-_nIv tImtf-Pv, apwss_

C¥y-bpsS hmWn-Py-\-K-c-

Øn¬ km[m-cW hnZym-e-b-ßfn¬

\n∂v hyXy-kvX-ambn {]uVntbmsS

Xe-bp-b¿Øn \n¬°p∂

aX-`u-XnI ka-\zb hnZym-e-bamWv

Jp∆-Øp¬ Ckvemw Ad-

_nIv tImtf-Pv. apwss_-bnse

{]hm-kn- a-e-bmfn-Iƒ°v Xß-fpsS

aX-]-T-\- ]ptcm-K-Xn-°p-th≠n

1942 ¬ tUm≥{Kobn¬ _mKvZmZn

X߃, ^Jvdp-±o≥ X߃, Da¿

lmPn, kn.F aΩp lmPn, JmZn¿

lmPn Nmh-°mSv XpS-ßnb

kwLw ÿm]n® ÿm]-\-amWv

Jp∆-Øp¬ Ckvemw. a{Zkm cp]-

Øn-em-bn-cp∂p C∂sØ Ad-

_nIv tImtf-Pns‚ BZy-cq]w.

]n∂oSv sI.sI A_q-_-I¿

l{kØns\ t]mtemØ

]finXhtc-Wy-cpsS ]n¥p-WtbmsS

1958 ¬ ae-_m-dnse Z¿kv

kwhn-[m-\-Øn-te°v amdn. BZy -

ap-Z-cnkv A_q-_-°¿ apkven-bm¿

ae-_m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- At±-l-Øn\v

Iogn¬ Ccp-]-Øn-c-t≠mfw

hnZym¿Yn-Iƒ aX-]-T\w \S-Øn-bncp-∂p.

_io¿ ss^kn ]me-°mSv,

B\-a-ßmSv A_vZp-d-lvam≥

ss^kn, F.-]n. A_vZp-d-lvam≥

50

apkven-bm¿ XpS-ßn-b-h¿ Z¿kv \S-

Ønb aX-]-finX t{iWn-bnse

Nne¿am-{Xw. ]memK-√n-bn¬

sI.sI l{kØv DkvXm-Zns‚

t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ Hcp sI´n-S-Øns‚

apIƒX´n¬ Hcp ¢∫v XpS-ßp-

Ibpw \nkvXp-ap-√-bnse a{Z-khn‰v

Imiv kºm-Zn®v c≠p-\ne

^mIvSdn sI´nSw hmßp-Ibpw

ÿm]\w l{kØv A∫mkv K√nbn-te°v

am‰p-Ibpw sNbvXp.

_lp-am-\-s∏-´ ]finX-∑m-cpsSbpw

IΩn‰n `mc-hm-ln-I-fpsSbpw

t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ 1991 ¬

s]mfn® ÿm]\w 1992 ¬ B[p-

\nI kuI-cy-ß-tfm-sS ]pX-°n-∏-

Wn-Xp.

XpS¿∂v 1999¬ ÿm]\w

Z¿kv kwhn-[m-\-Øn¬ \n∂v Ad-

_nIv tImtfPv kwhn-[m-\-Ønte°v

am‰m≥ Xocp-am-\n-°p-I-bpw

tIc-f-Øn-sebpw a‰n-Xc kwÿm-

\-ß-fn-sebpw Ad-_nIv tImtf-Pp-

I-fnse kne-_-kp-Iƒ ]cn-tim-[n-

°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. tIc-f-Øn¬

Xs∂ ae-bm-fn-Iƒ°v ]Tn°m≥

[mcmfw hnZym-e-b-ß-fp-≠mb Imc-

W-Øm¬ tIc-f-Ønse Zmdp¬

lpZm Ckvem-anIv bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-

ÿm]-\-]-cn-Nbw

bpsS DdpZp aoUnbw kne-_kv

AwKo-I-cn-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®p.

1999 ¬ Zmdp¬ lpZm Ckvem-anIv

bqWnth-gvkn-‰n-bpsS A≠¿

{KmtPz-‰mbn XpS-ßnb ÿm]\w

Ct∂°v Hcp hymg-h-´-°mew

]q¿Øo-I-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. Hmtcm

h¿jhpw da-Zm≥˛i∆m¬ amk-

Øn¬ ]Xn-\-©p -ap-X¬ Ccp-]Xv

hsc hnZym¿∞n-Isf C‚¿hyq

apJm-¥cw sXc-s-Sp-°p-∂p.

Imivao¿, alm-cm-jv{S, t\∏mƒ,

Bkmw, _wKmƒ, tIcfw XpSßnb

C¥ybpsS hyXykvX

kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ \n∂v ap∂q‰n

Ccp-]Øn Ggv hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ

Chn-sS ]Tn-°p∂p≠v. ÿmbnbmb

hcp-am-\-an-√mØ ÿm]\w

ae-bm-fn-Ifpw {]tZ-i-hm-kn-Ifpw

a‰pw \¬Ip∂ klmbw

sIm≠mWv \ne-\n¬°p-∂-Xv.

B[p-\nI kuI-cy-tØm-Sp-Iq-Snb

Iºyq-´-¿ em_pw hnim-e-amb

sse{_-dnbpw ÿm]-\-Øns‚

{]tXy-I-X-bm-Wv. Da¿

lpZhnbmWv ÿm]\Øns‚

{]n≥kn-∏mƒ. _lp-am-\-s∏´

]mW-°mSv køZv sslZ-cen

inlm_v X߃ {]kn-U‚pw

A_vZp¬ JmZn¿ lmPn h¿°nwKv

{]kn-U‚pw kn.-F®v A–p-d-lnam≥

kmln_v sshkv {]kn-

U‚pw aplvbp-≤o-≥ Aivd^n

sk{I-´-dnbpw Ako-ap≈ apkvenbm¿

IÆq¿ amt\-P-dpamWv.

Printed sXfn®w and Published amknI by sk]vXw-_¿ Dr.Bahauddeen 2012Nadwi

on behalf of U Muhammed Shafi, printed at Majlis offset printers,

Hidaya Nagar and published @ Chemmad, Kerala. Chief Editor: Dr.Bahauddeen Muhammed Nadwi

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines