Reader-II - Nirantar

nirantar.net

Reader-II - Nirantar

tsaMj

vkSj vkSj

f”k{kk

jhMj

Hkkx 2


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

Hkkx 2

fujarj


© fujarj

igyk laLdj.k % Qjojh] 2011

izdk'ku % fujarj

ch&64] nwljh eafT+ky] loksZn~; ,uDyso] ubZ

fnYyh&110017

Qksu % 011&26966334] Qksu@QSDl % 011&26517726

bZesy % nirantar.mail@gmail.com

osclkbV % www.nirantar.net

ifjdYiuk % fnIrk Hkksx] t;k 'kekZ] iwokZ Hkkj}kt vkSj fn'kk efyd

laiknu % jathr vfHkKku vkSj iwokZ Hkkj}kt

leUo;u % lkfn;k lbZn

çLrqrhdj.k % lkfn;k lbZn] e`nq dey] eerk ikBd] t;k 'kekZ]

gqek [kku vkSj lrh'k >k

vkoj.k ,oa :ikadu % ;'kl panz

lTtk % eqdÌl vkT+ke] fd'kksj

eqæ.k % M~;wjscy fizaVj] ubZ fnYyh ¼9810529858½

lg;ksx jkf'k % 250 #i,


fo"k;&lwph

vkHkkj iv

ifjp; vii

n`f"Vfcanq] Kku vkSj ukjhokn

Kku dk l`tu %

1- n`f"Vfcanq fl)kar • fujarj 1

2- [kkuk cank# vPpeEck 6

3- Xkka/kkjh bjkorh doZs 15

4- [kÌjiks'kh T+kQ+j tgk¡ csxe 24

5- lqYrkuk dk liuk csxe #dS;k l[kkor gqlSu 27

6- efgykvksa dh voufr csxe #dS;k l[kkor gqlSu 41

7- tkfr lekt dh mRifÙk;k¡ vkSj vk;Z vkØe.k jksT+kfyaM vks* gSufyu 60

v{kj Kku] lÙkk vkSj efgyk,¡ %

8- ikWyks Ýsjs fe'ksy MCY;w- ,siy o vU; 68

9- o;Ld vkSjrksa dh lk{kjrk vkSj f'k{kk % dqN pqukSfr;k¡ t;k 'kekZ 75

10- lk{kjrk] lÙkk vkSj ukjhokn ekfyuh ?kks"k 84

11- LFkkuh; Kku dk yksd ekfyuh ?kks"k 105

12- Lo;a lgk;rk lewg % l'kDrhdj.k vkSj f'k{kk 'kqHky{eh uanh 119


13- iq#"kRo vkSj L=hRo % vlyh gSa ;s fopkj oh- xhrk 133

14- ;kSfudrk dk vkfo"dkj tsQjh ohDl 146

15- vkuan vkSj [krjk % ;kSfudrk dh jktuhfr dh vksj dSjkWy ,l- okal 163

16- jk"Vªokn dh tsaMj foMacuk,¡ % fopkj foe'kZ dh vksj rekj es;j 172

ifjf'k"V 199

fujarj


fujarj

vkHkkj

tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj ¼Hkkx 2½ esa ladfyr T+;knkrj jpuk,¡ igys izdkf'kr gks

pqdh gSaA gesa [kq'kh gS fd fganh esa bu ys[kksa dks izdkf'kr djus ds fy, lHkh

jpukdkjksa vkSj izdk'kdksa us lg"kZ vuqefr nhA blds fy, ge mu lcdk rgs fny

ls vkHkkj izdV djrh gSaA uhps mudk fooj.k Øeokj fn;k tk jgk gSA

n`f"Vfcanq] n`f"Vfcanq] Kku Kku vkSj vkSj ukjhokn

ukjhokn

Kku dk l`tu %

[kkuk cank# vPpeEck ¼1901½] ^cank# vPpeEck 1874&1904*]

ohesu jkbfVax bu bafM;k] laiknd lwt+h Fkk# o ds- yfyrk] fnYyh %

vkWDlQksMZ ;wfuoflZVh izsl] 1995] i`"B 325&329

xka/kkjh bjkorh dosZ ¼2007½] ^xka/kkjh* ;qxkar % n ,aM vkWQ ,u bikWd]

gSnjkckn% vksfj,aV ykSaxeSu] i`"B 29&39

lqYrkuk dk liuk csxe #dS;k l[kkor gqlSu ¼1905½] lqYrkukt+ Mªhe]

psUubZ % rkjk ifCyf'kax ¼2005½

efgykvksa dh voufr csxe #dS;k l[kkor gqlSu ¼1921½] ^csxe #d+S;k

l[kkor gqlSu ¼1880&1932½ % QsfefuT+e ,aM fj;fyT+e*] ohesu bu dkWUlVZ]

laiknd 'kkghu v[rj vkSj ekSleh HkkSfed] dydÙkk % L=h 1998] i`"B 5&27

tkfr lekt dh mRifÙk;k¡ vkSj vk;Z vkØe.k jkst+fyaM vks* gSufyu ¼1985½]

^n vk;Zu buost+al ,aM n vksfjftal vkWQ dkLV lkslk;Vh]* dkLV dkWufyDV

,aM vkbfM;ksykWth] yanu % dSafczt ;wfuoflZVh izsl] i`"B 141&151

v{kj Kku] lÙkk vkSj efgyk,¡ %

ikWyks Ýsjs fe'ksy MCY;w- ,siy o vU; ¼2004½] ^ikWyks Ýsjs 1921&1997*

fQVh xzsV ekWMuZ fFkadlZ vkWu ,tqds'ku % ÝkWe ikbxsV Vw n izst+saV] laiknd

tkW; ,- ikej] yanu % jryst] i`"B 128&132

lk{kjrk lÙkk vkSj ukjhokn ekfyuh ?kks"k ¼2002½] ^fyVjslh ikoj ,aM

Q+sfefuT+e* bDukWfed ,aM ikWfyfVdy ohdyh] eqacbZ] 27 vizSy] 2002]

i`"B 1615&1620


iq#"kRo vkSj L=hRo % vlyh gSa ;s fopkj oh- xhrk ¼2006½] ^eSLD;wfyfuVh

,aM QsfefuVh% vkbfM;kt+ vkj fj;y*] tsaMj] dydÙkk % L=h] i`"B 38&50

;kSfudrk dk vkfo"dkj tsQjh ohDl ¼2003½] ^n buosa'ku vkWQ lsDlq,fyVh*

lsDlq,fyVh] yanu % jryst] i`"B 12&45

vkuan vkSj [krjk dSjkWy ,l- okal ¼1984½] ^Iyst+j ,aM Msatj % VqoM~Zt+ ,

ikWfyfVDl vkWQ lsDlq,fyVh*] Iyst+j ,aM Msatj % ,DlIYkksfjaax Qhesy lsDlq,fyVh

laiknd dSjkWy ,l- okal] yanu % jryst o dsxu ikWy] i`"B 1&24

jk"Vªokn dh tsaMj foMacuk,¡ % fopkj&foe'kZ dh vksj rekj es;j ¼2000½]

^tsaMj vkbjuht+ vkWQ us'kufyT+e % lsafVx n LVst*] tsaMj vkbjuht+ vkWQ

us'kufyT+e % lsfDlax n us'ku] laiknd rekj es;j] yanu % jryst]

i`"B 1&24

fujarj


ifjp;

ifjp;

;g jhMj tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk ls tqM+h jpukvksa ds ladyu dk nwljk Hkkx gSA

bu nksuksa Hkkxksa esa gekjh ps"Vk ;g jgh gS fd vc rd tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk lacaèkh

foe'kZ dks ftl rjg ijLij vyx&vyx [kkuksa esa j[k dj ns[kk tkrk jgk

gS] ml lksp ls vkxs tkdj mUgsa ,d&nwljs ds lkFk tksM+ dj ns[kk tk,A

blhfy, izLrqr Hkkx esa Hkh fuca/kksa] Hkk"k.kksa vkSj thofu;ksa ds :i esa ukuk

izdkj dh lS)kafrd o lkfgfR;d lkexzh bdëk dh xbZ gSA ;g lkexzh f'k{kk

ds vuqHkoksa dk ,d cgqjaxh fp= izLrqr djrh gS ftlesa jpukdkjksa dh

lkekftd vofLFkfr izfrfcafcr gksrh gSSA gekjk ekuuk gS fd tsaMj] ;kSfudrk]

oxZ] tkfr vkSj èkeZ vkfn bu lHkh ds lkFk f'k{kk vfoHkkT; :i ls c¡èkh gksrh

gSA jhMj ds bl Hkkx esa ge mu izfØ;kvksa dks ns[kus dh dksf'k'k dj jgh

gSa ftudh ekQZr fdlh ,sfrgkfld {k.k esa f'k{kk fodflr gksrh gS & ;kuh

lekt fdlh [kkl dky esa f'k{kk dh D;k t+:jr eglwl djrk gS] fdl

rjg ds vkSjr vkSj enZ dks vkn'kZ ekuk tkrk gS] fdlh [kkl ekSds ij fdl

rjg ds jk"Vª ;k leqnk; ;k ifjokj dks vfuok;Z ekuk tkrk gSA

f'k{kk dk ,d egÙoiw.kZ vk;ke ;g r; djuk jgk gS fd dkSu ls Kku

dks oSèk vkSj izlkj ds ;ksX; ekuk tk ldrk gSA f'k{kk ml oS/k ekus tkusokys

Kku esa lÙkk dk cksèk iSnk dj nsrh gSA fygkt+k èkhjs&èkhjs dqN [kkl rjg

dh fyf[kr lkexzh vkSj dqN [kkl fopkjksa & ,sfrgkfld] oSKkfud] èkkfeZd]

lkfgfR;d & dks oSèkrk vkSj fo'oluh;rk fey tkrh gSA izLrqr Hkkx esa geus

tks jpuk,¡ 'kkfey dh gSa os blh ckr dks mtkxj djus ij dsafnzr gSa fd ;g

Kku dSls jpk tkrk gSA bl dke ds fy, geus ^n`f"Vfcanq* ds fl)kar dh

ijrsa [kksyus dk iz;kl fd;k gSA geus bl ckr dks le>us dk iz;kl fd;k

gS fd vki dkSu gSa vkSj lekt esa dgk¡ [kM+s gSa] blls Hkh ;g ckr dkQh gn

rd r; gks tkrh gS fd vki pht+ksa dks dSls ns[ksaxs vkSj vki dSlk Kku jpsaxsA


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

viii

fujarj

tc Kku dk l`tu djusokys os yksx gksrs gSa tks lÙkk esa ugha gSa ;kuh tc

os jktk] iqjksfgr] vehj] lo.kZ iq#"k] lkezkT;oknh oxSjg ugha gksrs gSa rks D;k

gksrk gS\ tc fy[kus okyh dye ,sls rkdroj yksxksa ds gkFkksa esa ugha] cfYd

ukjhoknh ysf[kdkvksa o bfrgkldkjksa ds ekè;e ls eqfLye vkSjrksa] nfyr enks±

;k vkfnoklh efgykvksa ds gkFk esa fn[kkbZ nsrh gS rks gesa ,d vyx vkokt+

lqukbZ iM+rh gS ;k gesa i dks

vfuok;Z ekurh gSaA

jhMj dk ;g Hkkx nks bdkb;ksa esa foHkkftr gS & n`f"Vfcanq] Kku vkSj

ukjhokn rFkk A igyh bdkbZ esa gkf'k;s ij

[kM+s yksxksa ds n`f"Vfcanq ls jps x, Kku dks fy;k x;k gSA vkSj ;g fn[kkus

dk iz;kl fd;k x;k gS fd fdlh [kkl ekSds ij ftl Kku dks oSèk] LFkkfir

;k LokHkkfod eku fy;k x;k Fkk og fdruk Hkaxqj vkSj vius le; ij

vkfJr FkkA blesa ladfyr cgqr lkjh jpuk,¡ viuh rh[kh lekykspuk ;k

pht+ksa dks ckdk;nk flj ds cy [kM+k djds u dsoy ns[kus dk u;k ut+fj;k

izLrqr djrh gSa] cfYd bl ckr dks Hkh mtkxj djrh gSa fd lewpk Kku dgha

u dgha vofLFkr gS] og fujis{k ugha gksrkA bl bdkbZ esa ;g Hkh js[kkafdr

fd;k x;k gS fd vkfFkZd vkSj lkekftd lÙkk dh lajpuk,¡ viuh lkjh

rkdr dks opZLodkjh Kku dks lhapus esa D;ksa yxk nsrh gSa vkSj os tkuus ds

vU; rjhdksa dks D;ksa vks>y dj nsrh gSaA fujarj ds vU; dkeksa esa geus bl

Qyd dks foLrkj nsrs gq, o;Ld] [kklrkSj ls o;Ld efgykvksa dh f'k{kk dks

'kkfey fd;k gSA bl ifjfèk esa ge bls fofHkUu Kku O;oLFkkvksa ds chp

[khaprku ds :i esa ns[krh gSaA

igyh bdkbZ n`f"Vfcanq] Kku vkSj ukjhokn ds nks fgLls gSa & Kku

dk l`tu rFkk v{kj Kku] lÙkk vkSj efgyk,¡A igys fgLls esa ^n`f"Vfcanq

fl)kar dh le>* ij dsafnzr ,d voèkkj.kkRed ikB dk bLrseky djrs gq,

;g fn[kk;k x;k gS fd [kkl rjg ds ys[ku esa [kkl rjg dk ut+fj;k D;ksa

fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA ;gk¡ geus lqèkkjd csxe #dS;k l[kkor gqlSu] bfrgkldkj

cank# vPpeEck] ysf[kdk bjkorh dosZ vkSj lekt lqèkkjd T;ksfrck Qqys dh

jpukvksa dks fy;k gSA bu jpukvksa dks i


gkf'k;kdj.k ds fdlh vuqHko ls xqt+jus vkSj mldh vkykspukRed le>nkjh

fodflr djus ds ckn geesa ml Kku dks ,dne iyV nsus vkSj u, fljs

ls ns[kus dh xqatkb'k curh gSA ftu dgkfu;ksa dks ge ckj&ckj lqu pqdh

gSa mudks u, o vkykspukRed


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

x

fujarj

dks muds thou vkSj ;FkkFkZ ds bnZ&fxnZ lw=c) fd;k tk, rks mlesa fdl

rjg dh lÙkk fufgr gksrh gSA ikWyks Ýsjs us foosdhdj.k dk tks fl)kar fn;k

gS mlesa lekt esa vius LFkku@mRihM+u dh psruk dk Hkko vkSj vius

mRihM+u ds f[kykQ dne mBkus dh lkeF;Z cgqr egÙoiw.kZ gSA ge ukjhoknh

f'k{kkfonksa ds fy, ;g f'k{kk'kkL= vkSj blds }kjk dh xbZ lÙkk o lkekftd


uds ek/;e ls tsaMj vkSj ;kSfudrk tSlh voèkkj.kkvksa dks jk"Vª ds foLr`r

lanHkZ esa j[kdj ns[krs gq, mudh lS)kafrd le>nkjh x dks foLrkj nsrk gS vkSj bUgsa tsaMj vkèkkfjr ,oa

fyax vk/kkfjr voèkkj.kkvksa ds :i esa fpfàr djrk gS tgk¡ iq#"kksa dks vfèkdkj

vkSj fL=;ksa dks nkf;Ro lkSais x, gSaA ;kSfudrk ij tsQjh ohDl vkSj dSjkWy

,l- okal dh jpuk,¡ vius vki esa ehy dk iRFkj gSaA mUgksaus ;kSfudrk dks

^izkÑfrd* vkSj ^LokHkkfod* dh ifjfèk ls ckgj ykdj ,sfrgkfld vkSj

jktuhfrd fufeZfr;ksa ds :i esa LFkkfir dj fn;k gS ftuds lkFk lkekftd

tksM+rksM+ vkSj fo[kaMu dh izfØ;k ges'kk pyrh jgrh gSA

fujarj] 2011


lqYrkuk dk liuk

csxe #dS;k l[kkor gqlSu

,d 'kke eSa vius lksus ds dejs esa ,d eqyk;e dqlhZ ij vkjke dj jgh Fkh vkSj

fganqLrkuh vkSjrksa ds gkykr ds ckjs esa lksp jgh FkhA eq>s ;kn ugha gS fd eq>s >idh

vk xbZ Fkh ;k ughaA ysfdu tgk¡ rd ;kn gS] eSa fcYdqy gh txh gqbZ FkhA eSaus

lkQ&lkQ pk¡n dh jks'kuh ls ugk, ml vkleku dks ns[kk Fkk] tgk¡ gt+kjksa rkjs

f>yfeyk jgs FksA

vpkud esjs lkeus ,d vkSjr vk [kM+h gks xbZA dSls og vkbZ] eSa ugha

tkurhA eSaus mls viuh nksLr flLVj lkjk le>kA flLVj lkjk us dgk] Þlckg

vy [kSj!Þ eSa eu gh eu eqLdqjkbZ D;ksafd eSa tkurh Fkh fd og lqcg ugha] cfYd

rkjksa ls lth jkr FkhA fQj Hkh eSaus tokc fn;k] Þrqe dSlh gks\Þ

Þ'kqfØ;k] eSa fcYdqy Bhd gw¡A D;k esgjckuh dj rqe ckgj vkvksxh vkSj gekjs

ckx ij ut+j Mkyksxh\Þ eSaus fQj [kqyh f[kM+fd;ksa ls pk¡n dks fugkjk vkSj lkspk

fd ml le; ckgj tkus esa dksbZ gtZ ugha gSA ml le; ckgj enZ ukSdj yksx

xgjh uhan esa Fks vkSj eSa flLVj lkjk ds lkFk ,d [kq'kxokj lSj dj ldrh FkhA

tc ge nkftZfyax esa Fks] rc eSa flLVj lkjk ds lkFk lSj djrh FkhA ogk¡ ge

daiuh ckx ¼cksVSfudy xkMZu½ esa fdruh gh ckj gkFk esa gkFk Mky lSj djrs Fks

vkSj csfQØ gksdj [kq'kh&[kq'kh ckrphr djrs jgrs FksA esjs rlOoqj esa vk;k fd

'kk;n lkjk ,sls gh fdlh ckx esa ys tkus ds fy, eq>s cqykus vkbZ gSA eSaus rqjar

mldh is'kxh dqcwy dj yh vkSj mlds lkFk pyh xbZA

lSj djrs oDr eq>s rkTtqc gqvk fd og rks ,d [kqclwjr lqcg FkhA 'kgj

iwjh rjg txk Fkk vkSj xfy;k¡ pyrs&fQjrs yksxksa dh HkhM+ ls Hkjh FkhA eSa iwjs fnu

^lqYrkukt+ Mªhe* dgkuh dk jathr vfHkKku }kjk fd;k x;k vuqokn

5


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

28

fujarj

ds mtkys esa xyh ls xqT+kj jgh Fkh] ;g lkspdj eq>s dkQh 'kje eglwl g¨ jgh

FkhA ysfdu ogk¡ ,d Hkh enZ fn[k ugha jgk FkkA

ogk¡ ls xqt+jusokfy¸kksa esa ls dqN us esjs Åij QCrh dlhA gkyk¡fd eSa mudh

t++qcku dks le> ugha ldh] fQj Hkh eSaus eglwl fd;k fd os t+:j gh esjk et+kd

mM+k jgh FkhaA eSaus viuh nksLr ls iwNk] Þos D;k dg jgh Fkha\Þ

ÞvkSjrsa dgrh gSa fd rqe cgqr enkZuk fn[krh gksAÞ

eSaus dgk] ÞenkZuk\ mudk eryc D;k gS\Þ

Þmudk eryc gS fd rqe enks± dh rjg ythyh vkSj ukt++qd gksAÞ

Þenks± dh rjg ythyh vkSj ukt++qd\Þ

lpeqp og ,d et+kd FkkA eSa dkQh ijs'kku gks xbZ tc eq>s irk pyk fd

esjh gejkgh flLVj lkjk ugha] cfYd ,d vtuch gSA vksg] eSa dSlh csodwQ Fkh

fd eSaus ml vkSjr dks viuh I;kjh iqjkuh nksLr flLVj lkjk le> fy;k FkkA ge

gkFk esa gkFk Mky ?kwe jgs Fks] mlus eglwl fd;k fd mlds gkFk esa esjh maxfy;k¡

FkjFkjk jgh FkhaA

mlus I;kj ls iwNk] Þckr D;k gS\Þ eSaus [ksn t+kfgj djus ds vankt+ esa dgk]

ÞeSa dqN vthc eglwl dj jgh gw¡A ,d inkZu'khu vkSjr gksus dh otg ls fcuk

insZ ds ?kweus dh vknh ugha gw¡AÞ

ÞrqEgsa ;gk¡ fdlh enZ ds lkeus vk tkuss ls ?kcjkus dh t+:jr ugha gSA ;g

vkSjrksa dh nqfu;k ¼ysMhySaM½ gS] xqukg vkSj pksV ls vkt+knA [kqn [kqf'k;k¡ ;gk¡ jkt

djrh gSaAÞ

tYn gh eSa ml uT+kkjs dk eT+kk ysus yxhA lpeqp og 'kkunkj FkkA eSaus gjh

?kkl dh ,d D;kjh dks e[keyh xn~nk le> fy;k FkkA eSa eglwl dj jgh Fkh

fd eSa fdlh eqyk;e njh ij Vgy jgh gw¡A vpkud esjh ut+j uhps dh vksj xbZ

vkSj eSaus jkLrs dks dkbZ vkSj Qwyksa ls Hkjk ik;kA eSaus dgk] Þfdruk [kwclwjr gS ;g!Þ

ÞD;k rqe bls ilan djrh gks\Þ flLVj lkjk us iwNk ¼eSaus mls flLVj lkjk

dguk gh tkjh j[kk vkSj og eq>s esjs uke ls iqdkjrh jgh½A

Þgk¡] cgqr T+;knk ysfdu eSa uje vkSj [kqclwjr Qwyksa ij pyuk ugha pkgrhAÞ

ÞI;kjh lqYrkuk] bldh fQØ er djksA rqEgkjs pyus ls bUgsa uqdlku ugha

igq¡psxkA ;s lM+d ds Qwy gSaAÞ


eSaus rkjhQ djrs gq, dgk] Þ;g iwjh txg ,d ckx dh rjg fn[krh gSA rqe

yksxksa us gj ikS/ks dks dkQh djhus ls ltk;k gSAÞ

ÞrqEgkjk dydÙkk blls Hkh T+;knk [kqclwjr ckx cu ldrk FkkA vxj rqEgkjs

oru ds enZ oSlk cukuk pkgrsAÞ

Þtc muds ikl dkQh lkjh nwljh pht+sa djus ds fy, gSa] rks os ckxokuh dks

bruh T+;knk roTtks nsus dks fQtwy le>saxsAÞ

mlus g¡lrs gq, dgk] ÞmUgsa blls csgrj vkSj dksbZ cgkuk ugha fey ldrkAÞ

eSa ;g tkuus ds fy, dkQh mRlqd gks xbZ fd ogk¡ enZ dgk¡ gSaA ogk¡ ?kwers

gq, eSa ,d lkS ls T+;knk vkSjrksa ls fey pqdh Fkh] ysfdu ,d Hkh enZ ls ugha

feyh FkhA

eSaus iwNk] ÞenZ dgk¡ gSa\Þ

Þviuh okftc txgksa ij] tgk¡ mUgsa gksuk pkfg,AÞ

Þesgjckuh dj eq>s crkvks fd ^mudh okftc txgksa ij* ls rqEgkjk D;k

eryc gS\Þ

Þvks! eq>ls xyrh gks xbZA rqe gekjs fjoktksa dks ugha tkurha D;ksafd blds

igys rqe ;gk¡ dHkh vkbZ gh ughaA ge vius enks± dks ?kj ds Hkhrj can j[krh gSaAÞ

ÞBhd oSls gh tSls gesa t+ukuk esa j[kk tkrk gS\Þ

ÞfcYdqy oSls ghAÞ

Þfdruh et+snkj ckr gSAÞ eSa g¡lh ls yksViksV gks xbZA lkjk Hkh g¡lus yxhA

og cksyh] Þysfdu I;kjh lqYrkuk! fdruk equkflc gS uqdlku ugha igq¡pkusokyh

vkSjrksa dks can djuk vkSj enks± dks Nqêk NksM+ nsukAÞ

ÞD;ksa\ gekjs fy, T+kukuk ls ckgj fudyuk lqjf{kr ugha gSA ge dqnjrh rkSj

ij det+ksj gSaAÞ

Þgk¡] lqjf{kr ugha gSA ij rc rd tc rd lM+dksa ij enZ gSaA rc Hkh ugha

tc ,d taxyh tkuoj ckt+kj esa vk tkrk gSAÞ

ÞfcYdqy ughaAÞ

Þeku yks ikxy[kkus ls dqN ikxy Hkkx fudyrs gSa vkSj enks±] ?kksM+ksa vkSj vU;

thoksa ls lHkh rjg dh 'kSrkuh djus yxrs gSaA ml oDr rqEgkjs oruokys D;k djsaxs\Þ

n`f"Vfcnq] Kku vkSj ukjhokn

29

a

fujarj


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

30

fujarj

Þos mUgsa dkcw esa djus dh dksf'k'k djsaxs vkSj fQj ls ikxy[kkus igq¡pk nsaxsAÞ

Þ'kqfØ;k! vkSj rqe le>nkj y¨xksa d¨ ikxy[kkus esa j[kus vkSj ikxy y¨x¨a

dks Nqêk NksM+us dks cqf)ekuh ugha le>rha\Þ

eSaus gYds ls g¡lrs gq, dgk] ÞfcYdqy ugha!Þ

Þnjvly rqEgkjs eqYd esa ;gh rks fd;k tkrk gSA enZ dks] tks 'kSrkuh djrs

gSa ;k de ls de fdlh Hkh rjg dh 'kSrkuh djus ds dkfcy gksrs gSa] Nqêk NksM+

fn;k tkrk gS vkSj csdlwj vkSjrksa dks ^t+ukuk* esa can dj fn;k tkrk gSA dSls rqe

ckgj jgusokys mu csykSl enks± ij ;dhu dj ldrh gks\Þ

Þlekth ekeyksa esa gekjk dksbZ gkFk ;k n[ky ugha gSA fganqLrku esa enZ gh

[kqnk vkSj ekfyd gS] mlus lkjh rkdrsa vkSj [kkl&[kkl gd vius ikl j[k fy,

gSa vkSj vkSjrksa dks t+ukuk esa can dj fn;k gSAÞ

ÞD;ksa rqe vius vki dks can dj nsus dh btkt+r nsrh gks\Þ

ÞD;ksafd blds flok dqN ugha fd;k tk ldrkA os vkSjrksa ls T+;knk

et+cwr gSaAÞ

Þ,d 'ksj ,d enZ ls T+;knk et+cwr gksrk gS] ysfdu blls og bUlkuh uLy

ds Åij ncnck dk;e djus yk;d ugha gks tkrkA rqe yksxksaa us vius izfr vius

Qt+Z dh vuns[kh dh gS vkSj vius Qk;nksa ls vk¡[ksa e¡wn dj vius iSnkb'kh gdksa

dks [kks fn;k gSÞ

Þysfdu esjh I;kjh lkjk] vxj ge [kqn gh lc dqN djsa] rc enZ D;k djsaxs\Þ

Þeq>s ekQ djuk] ij mUgsa dqN Hkh ugha djuk pkfg,A os dqN Hkh djus ds

yk;d ugha gSaA flQZ mUgsa idM+ks vkSj t+ukuk esa Mky nksAÞ

eSaus dgk] Þysfdu D;k mUgsa idM+uk vkSj pkj nhokjksa ds Hkhrj Mky nsuk csgn

vklku gksxk\ vkSj vxj ,slk dj Hkh fn;k x;k rks D;k muds lkjs dkjksckj &

fl;klh vkSj frtkjrh&Hkh muds lkFk t+ukuk esa pys tk,¡xs\Þ

flLVj lkjk us dksbZ tokc ugha fn;kA og flQZ ean&ean eqLdqjkrh jghA

'kk;n mlus lkspk gksxk fd ,sls fdlh ls cgl djuk csdkj gS tks ,d dq,¡ esa

iM+s esa


ls cuh FkhA gekjh fdlh Hkh 'kkunkj bekjrksa ls og T+;knk BaMk vkSj [kwclwjr FkkA

eSa crk ugha ldrh fd og fdrus lyhds ls cuk;k vkSj ltk;k x;k FkkA

ge nksuksa vxy&cxy cSB x,A og cSBd[kkus ls d'khnk fd;k gqvk ,d

diM+k ys vkbZ vkSj ml ij ,d ubZ rLohj mrkjus yxhA

mlus iwNk] ÞD;k rqe cqukbZ vkSj flykbZ tkurh gks\Þ

Þgk¡A blds vykok gesa vius t+ukuk esa dqN Hkh vkSj djus dks ugha gksrkAÞ

mlus g¡lrs gq, dgk] Þysfdu ge d'khnsdkjh ds ekeys esa vius t+ukuk

esEcjku ij ;dhu ugha djrs D;ksafd enZ ds ikl bruk Hkh lcz ugha gksrk fd og

lqbZ ds Nsn esa /kkxk rd ?kqlk ldsAÞ

d'khnsdkjh fd, gq, diM+ksa ds cgqrsjs VqdM+ksa dh rjQ b'kkjk djrs gq, eSaus

mlls iwNk] ÞD;k ;g lc dke rqeus [kqn fd;k gS\Þ

Þgk¡AÞ

ÞdSls rqEgsa ;g lc djus ds fy, le; fey ikrk gS\ rqEgsa rks nrj dk dke

Hkh djuk gksrk gS] D;k ugha djuk gksrk\Þ

Þgk¡] exj eSa iwjs fnu iz;ksx'kkyk ls fpidh ugha jgrhA eSa viuk dke nks ?kaVs

esa iwjk dj ysrh gw¡AÞ

Þnks ?kaVs esa! dSls dj ikrh gks\ gekjs ;gk¡ rks vQljku] elyu eftLVªsV gj

fnu lkr ?kaVs rd dke djrs gSaAÞ

ÞeSaus muesa ls dqN dks viuk dke djrs ns[kk gSA D;k rqEgsa yxrk gS fd os

iwjs lkr ?kaVs rd dke djrs gSa\Þ

Þt+:j gh os ,slk djrs gSaAÞ

Þugha] I;kjh lqYrkuk os ,slk ugha djrsA os pq:V ihus esa viuk oDr t+k;k

djrs gSaA dqN nrj ds oDr nks ;k rhu pq:V ihrs gSaA os vius dke ds ckjs esa

cgqr lkjh ckrsa djrs gSa] ysfdu djrs de gSaA eku yks ,d pq:V cq>us esa vk/kk

?kaVk ysrk gS vkSj ,d enZ gj fnu ckjg pq#V ihrk gSA bl rjg og gj fnu

fQt+wy gh Ng ?kaVs cckZn djrk gSAÞ

geus cgqrsjs eqn~nksa ij ckrphr dh vkSj eq>s ekywe gqvk fd mlds ;gk¡ yksx

fdlh Hkh rjg dh QSyusokyh chekjh ds f'kdkj ugha gSa vkSj u gh gekjh rjg os

n`f"Vfcnq] Kku vkSj ukjhokn

31

a

fujarj


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

32

fujarj

ePNjksa dk Mad >syrs gSaA

eq>s ;g lqudj dkQh gSjkuh gqbZ fd ogk¡ dHkh&dHkh gksusokys gknls dks

NksM+dj dHkh dksbZ tokuh esa ugha ejrkA

mlus eq>ls iwNk] ÞD;k rqe gekjs jlksbZ?kj dks ns[kus dh rdyhQ djksxh\Þ

eSaus dgk] Þ[kq'kh lsAÞ vkSj ge mls ns[kus x,A tc eSa ogk¡ tk jgh Fkh] rc

t+:j gh ogk¡ ls enks± dks gV tkus ds fy, dgk x;k FkkA jlksbZ?kj lfCt+;ksa ds

,d lqanj cxhps esa cuk FkkA gj yrk] gj VekVj dk ikS/kk] vius vki esa ltkoV

tSlk fn[k jgk FkkA eq>s jlksbZ?kj esa u rks /kqvk¡ feyk vkSj u gh dksbZ fpeuh feyhA

og lkQ&lqFkjk vkSj pednkj FkkA f[kM+fd;k¡ Qwyksa dh yfM+;ksa ls lth FkhaA ogk¡

dks;ys ;k vkx dk dksbZ fu'kku ugha FkkA

eSaus iwNk] Þrqe Hkkstu dSls cukrh gks\Þ

mlus dgk] Þlwjt dh ÅtkZ lsÞ vkSj mlh oDr mlus eq>s og ikbi fn[kk;k

ftlls gksdj lwjt dh xk


tkrk FkkA jkt/kkuh esa tgk¡ gekjh jkuh jgrh gSa] nks tkfe;k gSaA buesa ls ,d us

cgqr gh [kwclwjr ,d xqCckjs dk fuekZ.k fd;k gSA ml xqCckjs ds lkFk vusd ikbi

tksM+ fn, x, gSa vkSj mls cknyksa dh nqfu;k ds Åij rSjus ds fy, N¨M+ fn;k gSsA

bl can xqCckjs ds t+fj, euekfQd ikuh [khapk tk ldrk gSA pw¡fd tkfe;k ds

yksx yxkrkj ikuh [khaprs tk jgs Fks] ml otg ls vc ogk¡ ckny curs gh ughaA

tkfe;k dh ysMh fizafliy dh ml [kkst us ckfj'k vkSj rwQku ij jksd yxk nhAÞ

eSaus dgk] Þlpeqp! vc eSa le>h fd D;ksa ;gk¡ ij dhpM+ ugha gSAÞ

ysfdu eSa le> ugha ldh fd dSls ikbiksa esa ikuh tek djuk eqefdu gks

ldrk gSA mlus eq>s foLrkj ls crk;k fd dSls og dke fd;k x;k] ysfdu eSa

mls le>us esa ukdkfcy gh jgh D;ksafd esjk oSKkfud Kku cgqr de FkkA fQj

Hkh og crkrh xbZ %

Þtc nwljs tkfe;k dks bldk irk pyk rks os cgqr T+;knk bZ";kZ djus yxs

vkSj ogk¡ ds yksxksa us dqN T+;knk csgrj djus dh dksf'k'k dhA mUgksaus ,d ;a= dh

[kkst dh ftlls os ftruk pkgrha] mruh lwjt dh ÅtkZ bdëk dj ysrhaA mUgksaus

ml ÅtkZ dks lafpr fd;k rkfd t+:jr ds vuqlkj nwljksa dks og ÅtkZ fey ldsA

tgk¡ ,d RkjQ vkSjrsa oSKkfud 'kks/k esa yxh Fkha] ogÈ nwljh RkjQ bl eqYd

ds enZ viuh QkSth rkdr cs crkvks fd

dSls rqeus vius eqYd ds enks± dks t+ukuk esa Mkyus dk bartke fd;kA D;k igys

mUgsa idM+k x;k\Þ

ÞughaAÞ

Þyxrk ugha fd mu lc us viuh bPNk ls viuh vkt+kn [kqyh goknkj

fT+kanxh NksM+ nh gksxh vkSj vius vki dks ^t+ukuk* dh pkjnhokfj;ksa ds Hkhrj can

dj fy;k gksxkA mUgsa t+:j gh dkcw esa fd;k x;k gksxkAÞ

Þgk¡] ,slk muds lkFk fd;k x;k gSAÞ

Þfdlds T+kfj,\ eq>s yxrk gS] dqN t+ukuk yM+kdqvksa ds t+fj,\Þ

Þugha] gfFk;kj ds ne ij ughaAÞ

n`f"Vfcnq] Kku vkSj ukjhokn

33

a

fujarj


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

34

fujarj

Þgk¡] oSlk rks gks ugha ldrkA enks± ds gfFk;kj rks vkSjrksa ds gfFk;kjksa ls T+;knk

et+cwr gksrs gSaA rc\Þ

Þfnekx lsAÞ

Þmuds fnekx Hkh rks vkSjrksa ds fnekx ls T+;knk cM+s vkSj ot+unkj gSaA

D;k ugha\Þ

Þgk¡] ysfdu mldk D;k\ ,d gkFkh Hkh ,d enZ ls T+;knk cM+k vkSj ot+unkj

fnekx j[krk gSA fQj Hkh enZ gkfFk;ksa dks ck¡/k ldrk gS vkSj viuh [kqn dh pkgrksa

ds eqrkfcd mUgsa gk¡d ldrk gSAÞ

Þcgqr [kwc dgk] ysfdu esgjckuh dj eq>s crkvks fd dSls vlfy;r esa ;g

lc gqvkA eSa tkuus ds fy, csdjkj gw¡AÞ

ÞvkSjrksa ds fnekx enks± ds fnekx ls dqN T+;knk rst+ gksrs gSaA nl lky igys

tc QkSth vQljkuksa us gekjh oSKkfud [kkstksa dks ^,d Hkkoqd [kkSQukd liuk*

dgk Fkk] rc dqN ukStoku vkSjrsa tokc esa dqN dguk pkgrh FkhaA ysfdu nksuksa

ysMh fizafliyksa us mUgsa jksd fn;k vkSj dgk fd mUgsa t++qcku ls ugha] cfYd dke

ls tokc nsuk pkfg,] vxj dHkh mUgsa ekSdk feyrk gS rksA vkSj vkSjrksa dks ml ekSds

dk yack barT+kkj djuk ugha iM+kAÞ

eSaus [kq'kh ls rkyh ctkbZ] Þfdruk lqanjA vkSj vc os ?keaMh enZ [kqn gh Hkkoqd

[kkSQukd liuksa esa th jgs gSaAÞ

Þmlds rqjar ckn ,d iM+kslh eqYd ls dqN yksx vk, vkSj mUgksaus gekjs ;gk¡

iukg yhA dqN fl;klh tqeZ djus dh otg ls os yksx eqf'dy esa FksA ml iM+kslh

eqYd ds ckn'kkg us tks vPNh gqdwer pykus ls T+;knk rkdr gkfly djus ds fy,

fQØean Fkk] gekjh usdfny jkuh ls dgk fd os iukgxqt+hjksa dks muds vQljkuksa

dks lkSai nsA gekjh jkuh us badkj dj fn;k D;ksafd iukgxqt+hjksa dks lqiqnZ djuk

gekjs mlwyksa ds f[kykQ FkkA bl badkj dh otg ls ml ckn'kkg us gekjs eqYd

ds f[kykQ tax dk ,syku dj fn;kA

gekjs QkSth vQljku rqjar gh eqLrSn gks x, vkSj mUgksaus nq'euksa dk eqdkcyk

djus ds fy, dwp fd;kA ysfdu nq'eu muds Åij dkQh et+cwr iM+sA blesa lansg

ugha fd gekjs QkSft;ksa us cgknqjh ls yM+kbZ yM+hA yssfdu mudh iwjh cgknqjh ds

ckotwn fons'kh QkSt gekjs eqYd ij geyk djus ds fy, dne&nj&dne vkxs

c


djhc&djhc lkjs enZ yM+us ds fy, fudy x, FksA ;gk¡ rd fd ,d lksyg

lky dk yM+dk Hkh ?kj esa ugha FkkA gekjs vf/kdka'k yM+kdw ekjs x,] ckdh dks ihNs

qds vkSj eq[kkyQr dk ,d yt+ cksys fcuk

n`f"Vfcnq] Kku vkSj ukjhokn

35

a

fujarj


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

36

fujarj

t+ukuk esa nkf[ky gks x,A mUgsa iDdk ;dhu Fkk fd eqYd ds fy, fcYdqy gh dksbZ

mEehn ugha cph gSA

mlds ckn ysMh fizafliy us vius nks gT+kkj fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds lkFk tax ds eSnku

dh vksj dwp fd;k vkSj ogk¡ igq¡pdj lwjt dh fdj.kksa vkSj ladsafnzr ÅtkZ dks

nq'euksa dh vksj ?kqek fn;kA og vkx vkSj jks'kuh bruh T+;knk Fkh fd nq'eu mls

cnkZ'r ugha dj ik,A os Hkkjh my>u esa le> gh ugha ik, fd dSls ml >qylrh

vkx dk eqdkcyk fd;k tk,A vkSj os lc Mj ls dk¡irs gq, Hkkx [kM+s gq,A tc

nq'eu viuh canwdksa vkSj tax ds nwljs gfFk;kjksa dks NksM+dj Hkkx jgs Fks] rc mu

lcdks lwjt dh mlh vkx ls tykdj [kRe dj fn;k x;kA ml ?kVuk ds ckn

dHkh Hkh fdlh us gekjs eqYd ij geyk djus dh dksf'k'k ugha dhAÞ

ÞvkSj mlds ckn rqEgkjs oru ds enks± us dHkh Hkh t+ukuk ls ckgj vkus dh

dksf'k'k ugha dh\Þ eSaus iwNkA

mlus dgk] Þgk¡] os vkT+kkn gksuk pkgrs FksA iqfyl dfe'ujksa vkSj ft+yk

eftLVªsVksa esa ls dqN us jkuh ds ikl ckr igq¡pkbZ fd t+:j gh ukdkeh ds fy,

QkSth vQljkuksa dks dSn fd;k tkuk pkfg,] exj mUgksaus rks dHkh Hkh vius Qt+Z

dh vuns[kh ugha dh vkSj blfy, mUgsa lt+k ugha nh tkuh pkfg, vkSj vius&vius

nrjksa esa fQj ls cgky djuk pkfg,A

jkuh us ,d ldqZyj Hkstdj mUgsa bÙkyk nh fd vxj dHkh mudh f[kner

dh t+:jr gksxh rks mUgsa nrjksa esa Hkstk tk,xkA vkSj rc rd mUgsa ogha jguk

pkfg, tgk¡ os vHkh gSaA

vc tc os inkZ O;oLFkk ds vknh gks x, gSa vkSj mUgksaus viuh vygnxh ij

f'kdos djuk can dj fn;k gS] ge ml O;oLFkk dks ^t+ukuk* ds ctk, ^enkZuk*

dgrh gSaAÞ

eSaus lkjk ls iwNk] Þysfdu iqfyl ;k eftLVªsV ds fcuk rqe yksx pksjh ;k dRy

ds ekeys fdl rjg lqy>krh gks\Þ mlus dgk] Þtc ls ^enkZuk* O;oLFkk dk;e

gqbZ gS] rc ls gekjs ;gk¡ dksbZ tqeZ ;k xqukg ugha gqvk gSA blfy, gesa eqtfje dks

idM+us ds fy, fdlh enZ iqfyl dh t+:jr ugha gS vkSj u gh ge fdlh tqeZ ds

fuiVkjs ds fy, dksbZ eftLVªsV j[kuk pkgrh gSaAÞ

Þlpeqp ;g cgqr vPNk gSA eq>s yxrk gS fd vxj dksbZ csbZeku Hkh gksxk

rks rqe yksx mls cgqr vklkuh ls lt+k ns nksxhA tSls rqe yksxksa us cxSj ,d drjk


Hkh [kwu cgk, fu.kkZ;d thr gkfly dh] oSls gh fcuk fdlh T+;knk eqf'dy ds

tqeZ vkSj tqeZ djusokyksa dks Hkh [kRe dj ldrh g¨AÞ

mlus iwNk] ÞI;kjh lqYrkuk] vc rqe ;gk¡ cSBksxh ;k esjs cSBd[kkus vkvksxh\Þ

eSaus nksLrkuk vankt+ esa eqLdqjkrs gq, tokc fn;k] ÞrqEgkjk jlksbZ?kj fdlh jkuh

ds lst okys dejs ls de ugha gSAÞ

Þysfdu vc gesa ;g txg NksM+uh gh gksxh D;ksafd 'kk;n jlksbZ?kj ds dke

ls brus yacs oDr rd nwj j[kus ds fy, os Hkys enZ eq>s dksl jgs gksaxsAÞ ge nksuksa

[kqydj g¡lus yxhaA

Þokfil ykSVus ij esjs nksLr fdrus [kq'k vkSj gSjku gksaxs tc eSa mUgsa crkÅ¡xh

fd ogk¡ ls dkQh nwj vkSjrksa dh nqfu;k gS] tgk¡ vkSjrsa jkt djrh gSa vkSj reke

lekth ekeyksa dks pykrh gSaA tcfd Hkys enks± dks cPpksa dh ijofj'k] Hkkstu

idkus vkSj reke nwljs ?kjsyw dkedkt djus ds fy, ^enkZuk* esa j[kk tkrk gS] vkSj

;g Hkh fd ogk¡ jlksbZ cukuk bruk vklku gS fd lpeqp mls cukus esa [kq'kh eglwl

gksrh gSAÞ

Þgk¡] rqe ;gk¡ tks Hkh ns[k jgh gks] mlds ckjs esa mUgsa t+:j crkukAÞ

Þ,d vkSj esgjckuh djds eq>s crkvks fd dSls rqe yksx [ksrh djrh gks] dSls

t+ehu tksrrh gks vkSj nwljs eqf'dy 'kkjhfjd dke djrh gks\Þ

Þgekjs [ksrksa dks fctyh ds lk/kuksa ds t+fj, tksrk tkrk gSA og fctyh nwljs

eqf'dy dkeksa esa Hkh xfr nsus ds fy, ÅtkZ eqgS¸;k djkrh gSA vkSj ge mldk

bLrseky vius gokbZ lQj ds fy, Hkh djrh gSaA gekjs ;gk¡ jsy dh iVjh ;k dksbZ

b±V&iRFkj okyh lM+d ugha gSAÞ

eSaus dgk] Þblhfy, ;gk¡ u rks lM+d gknls vkSj u gh jsy gknls gksrs gSaA

D;k vc rd rqe yksxksa dks ckfj'k dh deh ls tw>uk ugha iM+k gS\Þ

Þikuh ds xqCckjs dks dk;e djus ds ckn dHkh ughaA rqe ftl cM+s xqCckjs vkSj

mlls tqM+s ikbiksa dks ns[krh gks] mudh enn ls ge ftruk pkgsa mruh ckfj'k djk

ldrh gSaA ge dHkh Hkh ck


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

38

fujarj

Þ;g lksp rks dkQh [kwclwjr gSA rqe yksxksa dk eq[; Hkkstu D;k gS\Þ

ÞQyAÞ

ÞdSls rqe yksx xjeh ds ekSle esa vius eqYd dks BaMk j[krh gks\Þ ßge yksx

xjeh esa ckfj'k dks tUur ds rksgQs ds rkSj ij ns[krh gSaAÞ

Þtc xjeh cnkZ'r ds ckgj gks tkrh gS] rc ge cuk, x, QOokjksa ls t+ehu

ij ikuh dh cgqr lkjh Qqgkjsa NksM+rh gSa vkSj BaM ds ekSle esa vius dejs dks lwjt

ds rki ls xje j[krh gSaAÞ

mlus eq>s ugkus dk dejk fn[kk;kA mldh Nr dks b/kj&m/kj fd;k tk

ldrk FkkA tc Hkh og pkgrh] Nr ¼og cDls ds wB cksyrk gS] pkgs og vkSjr gks ;k enZ rks---Þ

Þmls ekSr dh lt+k nh tkrh gS\Þ

Þugha] ekSr dh lt+k ughaA ge [kqnk dh canh] [kkldj fdlh balku dk dRy

djus esa [kq'kh eglwl ugha djrhaA >wB cksyus okys dks dgk tkrk gS fd og ges'kk

ds fy, ;gk¡ dh t+ehu NksM+ ns vkSj ;gk¡ fQj dHkh ugha vk,AÞ

ÞD;k ,d nks"kh dks dHkh Hkh ekQ ugha fd;k tkrk\Þ

Þgk¡] vxj og balku lPps fny ls iNrkok djrk gSAÞ

ÞD;k rqEgsa vius fj'rsnkjksa ls vyx fdlh enZ dks ns[kus dh btkt+r feyh gqbZ gS\Þ

Þikd fj'rksa ds flok fdlh dks Hkh ughaAÞ

Þgekjs ;gk¡ ikd fj'rksa dk nk;jk dkQh rax gSA ;gk¡ rd fd ppsjk HkkbZ Hkh

ikd ugha gSAÞ eSaus dgkA

Þysfdu gekjs ;gk¡ ;g nk;jk dkQh cM+k gSA nwj dk HkkbZ Hkh mruk gh ikd

gS] ftruk fd viuk HkkbZAÞ

Þ;g rks cgqr vPNk gSA eq>s rqEgkjh t+ehu ij ikdht+xh dk gh jkt fn[krk

gSA eSa mu vPNh jkuh dks ns[kuk pkgrh gw¡ tks bruh usdfny vkSj nwjn'khZ gSa vkSj


ftUgksaus ;s lkjs dk;ns cuk, gSaAÞ

flLVj lkjk us dgk] ÞBhd gSAÞ

mlds ckn mlus ,d pkSdksj r[rs ij dqN dqflZ;ksa dks isaap ls dl fn;k vkSj

r[rs ls nks xsansa yxk nhaA tc eSaus xsanksa ds dke ds ckjs esa iwNk rks mlus dgk fd

os gkbMªkstu xsansa gSa vkSj mudk bLrseky xq#Rokd"kZ.k ds ncko dks dkcw esa j[kus

ds fy, gksrk gSA xsansa vyx&vyx {kerkvksa okyh Fkha rkfd vyx&vyx rjg ds

ot+uksa dks l¡Hkkyk tk ldsA mlds ckn mlus ml mM+u[kVksys esa et+cwrh ls nks

ia[ks tksM+ fn,A mlus mu ia[kksa ds ckjs esa crk;k fd os fctyh ls pyrs gSaA

tc ge ml mM+u[kVksys esa vkjke ls cSB x,] rc mlus ,d cVu nck;k

vkSj ia[ks ?kweus yxs vkSj gj iy rst+ gksrs x,A 'kq#vkr esa ge Ng ;k lkr QhV

dh Å¡pkbZ rd x, vkSj mlds ckn ge mM+ pysA

vkSj blds igys fd eSa eglwl djrh fd ge vkxs c


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

40

fujarj

us gekjs fy, lgst dj j[kk gqvk gSA ge dqnjr ds rksgQksa dk mruk yqRQ mBkrh

gSa] ftruk ge mBk ldrh gSaAÞ

eSaus jkuh ls btkt+r yh vkSj ukeh tkfe;kvksa dks ns[kus xbZ vkSj eq>s pan

dkj[kkus] iz;ksx'kkyk,¡ vkSj os/k'kkyk,¡ fn[kkbZ xb±A

ilan dh mu txgksa dk nkSjk djus ds ckn ge fQj mM+u[kVksys esa cSB xb±]

ysfdu tSls gh mlus pyuk 'kq: fd;k] fdlh otg ls eSa fQly xbZ vkSj fxjus

ls lius ls ckgj vk xbZ vkSj pkSad iM+hA

vkSj T;ksa gh esjh vk¡[ksa [kqyha] eSaus vius vkidks eqyk;e dqlhZ ij ysVs ik;kA


13

iq#"kRo vkSj L=hRo

vlyh gSa ;s fopkj

oh- xhrk

iq#"kRo vkSj L=hRo ls tqM+s xq.kksa ds fopkj dkYifud ugha gSaA ;s okLrfod gSa vkSj

ftl nqfu;k esa ge jgrs gSa] mlesa budk otwn gSA ;s cgqr cqfu;knh :i ls gekjs

thou ij vlj Mkyrs gSa] tSls fd gekjs diM+s] gekjs Hkkstu] ;kSu lacaèk vkSj ;gk¡

rd fd gekjs fopkjksa ij Hkh budk vlj iM+rk gSA ;s gekjs vuqHkoksa dks ek;us nsus

vkSj vius ckjs esa rFkk vkSjksa ds ckjs esa viuh jk; cukus vkSj mUgsa le>us esa enn

djrs gSaA ;s fopkj iq#"kksa vkSj efgykvksa dks vyx&vyx rjhds ls izHkkfor djrs

gSaA gkyk¡fd ;s fopkj dksbZ fLFkj vfuok;Zrk ugha j[krs ftUgsa balku fuf"Ø; :i

ls Lohdkj gh dj ysA balkuksa dh bu fopkjksa ds lkFk tÌkstgn gksrh gS vkSj os

bUgssa vius fglkc ls cnyrs o iyVrs gSaA bl rjg gj ekeys esa ;g fopkj

okLrfod gks tkrk gS vkSj [kkl lanHkks± esa bLrseky fd;k tkusokyk ,d igyw cu

tkrk gSA

nwljh ckr ;g gS fd fdlh Hkh lekt esa iq#"k vkSj vkSjr ds :i esa igpku

lkekftd rkSj ij ,dek= mi;qDr Js.kh ugha gSA dqN vU; igpkusa Hkh vge vkSj

izklafxd gSa vkSj mruh gh izfrcafèkr dk;nksa rFkk vis{kkvksa ls tqM+h gqbZ gSa] ftruh

iq#"k o vkSjr dh igpkusaA felky ds rkSj ij èkkfeZd ikcafn;k¡ dqN [kkl rjg

ds iq#"kksa ds fy, Hkh mruh gh foHksndkjh gSa] ftruh fd vkSjrksa ds fy,] tSls fd

Hkkjr esa dsoy czkã.kksa dks gh iqjksfgrksa ds dk;Z laiUu djkus dk oSèk vfèkdkj gSA

blh rjg [kk¡pksa esa ck¡èkusokyh lksp iq#"kRo vkSj L=hRo ds vfrfjDr vU;

varfuZfgr y{k.kksa dh igpku djrh gS vkSj mUgsa ifjHkkf"kr djrh gSA ;g balkuksa

dks Ropk ds jax vkSj LoHkko ds vkèkkj ij foHkkftr djrh gSA bl rjg uLyh;

vkèkkj ij c¡Vs gq, lektksa esa v'osr yksxksa dks tUetkr rkSj ij x¡okj vkSj vkfne

^eSLD;wfyfuVh ,aM QSfefuVh % vkbfM;kt+ vkj fj;y* ys[k dk jathr vfHkKku

}kjk fd;k x;k vuqokn


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

134

fujarj

ds :i esa dfYir fd;k tkrk gSA iq#"kksa vkSj efgykvksa dks lkSais x;s dk;ks± ds

vfrfjDr gjsd lekt esa lkekftd Hkwfedkvksa vkSj dk;ks± dh ,d Ükà[kyk ekStwn

gksrh gSA Hkkjr esa dqN tkfr;ksa dks eSyk mBkus vkSj èkqykbZ tSls r;'kqnk dkeksa esa

ck¡èk fn;k x;k gSA vafre laLdkj dk;ZØeksa ds nkSjku dj fT+kank tyk nsuk

'kkfey gSaA cgqr de efgykvksa dks vius cycwrs èkeZxzaFkksa dks i


vkSj bu lHkh dks leku :Ik ls xank] iznw"k.k QSykusokyk vkSj Å¡ph tkfr;ksa ds

iq#"kksa }kjk fu;af=r vkSj dkcw esa j[kus ds ;ksX; ekurh gSA bLyke vkSj bZlkbZ tSls

nwljs èkeZ iq#"kksa ds iwjs lewg dks ml fuEu fLFkfr esa ugha j[krs tks efgykvksa ds

fy, vkjf{kr gS] c'krsZ fd iq#"k ukfLrd ;k vlkekU; le>s tkusokys ;kSu O;ogkj

djusokys u gksaA mnkgj.k ds rkSj ij] mu èkeks± ds leySafxdksa dks vizkÑfrd vkSj

ikih ekudkj dM+h QVdkj yxkbZ xbZ gSA

;g lkQ gS fd efgykvksa vkSj iq#"kksa ds dqN lewgksa dks 'kfDr'kkyh iq#"kksa

ds dgus ij tkucw>dj deT+kksj cuk;k x;k gS vkSj ikcafn;ksa ds yk;d le>k

x;k gSA ;s 'kfDr'kkyh iq#"k gh èkeZ ls tqM+s lkaLÑfrd vuqHkoksa vkSj lalkèkuksa ij

idM+ j[krs gSaA ysfdu u rks iq#"k vkSj u gh efgyk,¡ bu izfrcaèkksa dks vklkuh ls

Lohdkj dj ysrs gSaA os bu ij izfrfØ;k djrs gSa] mudk dqN [kkl rjg ls tokc

nsrs gSa vkSj bl rjg ls mUgsa cnydj :ikarfjr dj nsrs gSaA

èkkfeZd cnyko

eè;dkyhu nf{k.k Hkkjr esa fupyh tkfr;ksa ds vusd iq#"k vkSj dqN efgyk,¡

tfVy ,sfrgkfld dkj.kksa ls èkeZ dks vkLFkk ds ,d vfLrRooknh futh vuqHko ds

:Ik esa ns[krs FksA os èkeZxzaFkksa dh Hkkoukvksa ls bl dnj izHkkfor Fks fd czkã.k

iqtkfj;ksa ds n[ky dks Hkh uT+kjvankT+k dj nsrs FksA èkkfeZd ikBksa ds vkSipkfjd

egÙo ls bu ikBksa dh Hkkouk dks izeq[krk nsusokys ,sls yksxksa us tkfr;ksa ij yxh

lkekftd ikcafn;ksa dks udkjkA lcls cM+h ckr ;g jgh fd mUgksaus eqfDr ds fopkj

dks HkfDroknh ,glkl ls tksM+ fn;kA [kkl ckr ;g jgh fd dUuM+ dof;=h

vDdkeknsoh tSlh efgyk HkDrksa us lekt }kjk efgykvksa ds fy, fuèkkZfjr tsaMj

Hkwfedkvksa vkSj igpku dks Hkh udkj fn;kA vDdkeknsoh us vius diM+s R;kx dj

vkSj ckyksa dks yack djds efgykvksa ds fy, cuk, x, mu tsaMj dk;nksa dks

tkucw>dj rksM+k ftuds vuqlkj efgykvksa ds fy, diM+ksa esa


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

136

fujarj

;gk¡ ;g crkuk T+k:jh gS fd [kkl ,sfrgkfld lanHkks± esa viuh èkkd tekus ds

fy, èkeks± us Hkh [kqn dks cny MkykA bl izfØ;k esa tsaMj vkSj uSfrdrk ij vkèkkfjr

èkkfeZd ikcafn;ksa us ijjLij fojksèkkHkklh vkSj dHkh&dHkh vupkgs ifj.kke Hkh fn,A

Hkkjrh; lanHkZ esa bZlkb;r dh Hkwfedk ij gh fopkj djsaA lkezkT;oknh fczfV'k 'kklu

ds uSfrd vfLrRo ls vk'oLr gksdj bZlkbZ èkeZ Hkkjr esa viuk izpkj&izlkj djus

vk;k Fkk] ysfdu lefiZr fe'kufj;ksa dks ;gk¡ ij ekStwn tkfrxr vkrad dks ns[kdj

xgjk {kksHk gqvkA mUgsa yxk fd tkfr dh fopkjèkkjk bZlkbZ èkeZxzaFkksa ds lans'k vkSj

mudh Hkkouk ds ,dne foijhr gSA blds ckn fe'kufj;ksa us nfyrksa vkSj fupyh

tkfr;ksa dks f'kf{kr djus dk chM+k mBk fy;kA ,slk djds bZlkb;r us vius Ldwyksa]

vLirkyksa vkSj bZlk ds ,dleku HkkbZpkjs ds fopkj dh enn ls nfyrksa vkSj vU;

^?k`f.kr* tkfr;ksa dks [kqn ds ewY;oku gksus dk vglkl fnyk;kA bZlkbZ èkeZ viuk

pqdh efgykvksa dks fy[kus&i


gS vkSj mudh rqyuk esa [kqn dks frxquk csgrj Hkh lkfcr djuk gS vkSj vxj os ,slk

djus esa ukdke jgha rks mUgsa grksRlkfgr fd;k tk ldrk gSA

dqN le; igys rd foKku us uLyh; Js"Brk vkSj fuEurk ds fl)karksa dks

cuk, j[kus esa Hkh Hkwfedk fuHkkbZ gSA dbZ n'kdksa rd oSKkfudksa us v'osr uLyksa dks

tUetkr vrkfdZd ekuus vkSj mUgsa bl otg ls vkèkqfud foKku ds fu;e ih tkusokyh fT+kEesnkfj;k¡ gh nh

tkrh gSaA mUgsa lekt dY;k.k] efgyk ,oa cky fodkl rFkk ifjokj fu;kstu tSls

foHkkxksa dk gh nkf;Ro lkSaik tkrk gSA


137

fujarj


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

138

fujarj

vfèkd gSfl;rokys inksa rd tks FkksM+h cgqr efgyk,¡ igq¡p Hkh tkrh gSa] muds

ihNs vke rkSj ij firk] ifr vFkok HkkbZ ds rkSj ij 'kfDr'kkyh iq#"k jktuhfrKksa

dk gkFk gksrk gSA bu efgyk jktuhfrKksa dks izk;% ukeh&fxjkeh usrkvksa dh iRuh

¼vFkok foèkok½] csVh vFkok cgu ds :i esa gh ns[kk tkrk gS] u fd ,d Lora=

jktuhfrd 'kf[l;r ds rkSj ijA jktuhfrd usrk] foèkkf;dk ds lnL;] odhy

rFkk lkoZtfud thou ls tqM+s vU; yksx vc Hkh efgykvksa dks ;kSu&fHkUurk ds

vkèkkj ij iq#"kksa ls derj vkSj vleku gh ekurs gSa vkSj mlh ds vuqlkj vkpj.k

djrs gSaA vkèkqfud yksdra= ,d efgyk ds lkoZtfud thou esa lfØ; gksus vFkok

,d ukxfjd ds rkSj ij vius vfèkdkjksa dk mi;ksx djus dh ek¡x ugha djrk gSA

vfèkdka'k yksdrkaf=d laLFkk,¡ lkoZtfud Lo:i dh gSa vkSj ?kjsyw rFkk ikfjokfjd

fT+kanxh dks izHkkfor djus vkSj ml ij vlj Mkyus dh dksf'k'k rd ugha djrh

gSaA tc dHkh ;s laLFkk,¡ ,slk dk;Z djrh Hkh gSa rks og dkuwuksa ds :i esa gksrk

gSA bu dkuwuksa dh O;k[;k Hkh iq#"kRo vkSj L=hRo ls tqM+s fopkjksa ds èkqaèk esa dh

tkrh gSA

tkfr vkSj uLy ds vkèkkj ij lekt dks ck¡Vus okys ns'kksa] Hkkjr vkSj vesfjdk

esa efgykvksa dh rjg fupyh tkfr;k¡ vkSj v'osr iq#"k dkuwuh rkSj ij vU;ksa ds

cjkcj gks ldrs gSaA ysfdu mudh csgrjh ds fy, lefiZr jktuhfrd usokys yksxksa dh lksp vkSj

uT+kfj, dks dsoy mUgsa ¼efgykvksa] v'orksa o nfyrksa dks½ vfèkdkj nsdj ugha cnyk


tk ldrk gSA ysfdu vfèkdkjksa dh otg ls vius lkoZtfud Loj vkSj igpku

ugha j[kusokyh efgykvksa vkSj vU; yksxksa dks viuh ek¡x j[kus esa lqfoèkk feyh gS

fd muds fopkjksa dks lquk tk,A mnkgj.k ds rkSj ij Hkkjr esa vkSipkfjd lekurk

dh xkjaVh us nfyrksa vkSj efgykvksa dks fofHkUu vke ekeyksa esa lekurk ds vius

vfèkdkjksa dk nkok djus ds fy, izksRlkfgr fd;k gSA nfyrksa us lkoZtfud txgksa

ij izos'k djus ds vfèkdkjksa dh ek¡x dh gS vkSj bu ekeyksa esa gksusokys HksnHkko

¼D;ksafd os vNwr ekus tkrs gSa½ ds f[kykQ la?k"kZ fd;k gSA

Lkekurk ds loky ij efgykvksa dh tÌkstgn Hkh mruh gh iz[kj xfr'khy

jgh gSA iq#"kksa ds leku gksus ds fopkj us mUgsa ;g ek¡x djus ds fy, rS;kj fd;k

gS fd ctV] tux.kuk vFkok fuokZpu ls tqM+h ;kstukvksa dk fuèkkZj.k djrs le;

mUgsa ukxfjdksa dk vge lewg le>k tk,A bldk eryc gS fd efgyk,¡ vius

ifr;ksa ls vuqcafèkr ;k mu ij fuHkZj ugha fn[kkbZ nsuk pkgrh gSaA vc os bl ckr

ij tkx:d gksus yxh gSa fd ?kjksa esa fd;k tkusokyk dke vkSj vius [ksrksa esa dh

xbZ esgur Hkh mRiknd Je dk fgLlk gSaA ;g bl ckr dk ,d mnkgj.k gS fd

fdl rjg ,d u;s fopkj ds viuh tM+sa tek ysus ds ckn n`f"Vcksèk cny tkrs gSaA

gky ds o"kks± esa LFkkuh; 'kklu esa 33 izfr'kr lhVsa vkjf{kr djusokyk

laoSèkkfud la'kksèku ykxw gks tkus ds ckn Hkkjrh; efgyk,¡ [kqn dks turk dk ,d

lfØ; vax ekuus yxh gSa vkSj mUgsa bl Hkkouk dk ,glkl Hkh gksus yxk gSA vkt

gjsd iapk;r esa efgykvksa dh vPNh&[kklh rknkn gSA gkyk¡fd ;g lp gS fd

muesa ls dbZ efgyk,¡ ladksph gSa vkSj muds ifr vFkok HkkbZ gh muds uke ij lc

dqN fd;k djrs gSaA fQj Hkh bl rF; ls fd iapk;rksa esa mudh ekStwnxh T+k:jh

gS] mUgsa xk¡o dh t+:jrksa ds ckjs esa QSlyk djus dk vfèkdkj gS] T+;knk eq[kj

efgykvksa dks yksdrkaf=d izfØ;k esa fgLlk ysus esa enn feyh gSA ;g Hkh laHko

gS fd LFkkuh; 'kklu dh O;oLFkk ds blh rjg tkjh jgus dh fLFkfr esa efgykvksa

dh [kqn vius ls] viuh Hkwfedkvksa rFkk dk;ks± ls lacafèkr vglkl esa vxys ,d

n'kd esa Øfed cnyko vk tk,A

oxhZdj.k dh lhek,¡

iq#"kksa vkSj efgykvksa ds ckjs esa oxhZÑr lksp csgn vke vkSj gekjh jksT+kejkZ dh

fT+kanxh dk fgLlk gSA gekjs bnZ&fxnZ dh dbZ phT+kksa esa blds vlj dks ns[kk tkrk

gSA ifjos'k enkZuk vkSj T+kukuk ds rh[ks [kk¡ps esa c¡Vs gSaA ?kj ds ifjos'k dh igpku

efgyk ds lkFk dh xbZ gS] tcfd ?kj ds ckgj dh nqfu;k dks iq#"kksa dk [kkl {ks=


139

fujarj


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

140

fujarj

ekuk x;k gSA bl oxhZdj.k esa bl ckr dk dksbZ [k;ky ugha j[kk x;k gS fd

efgyk,¡ Hkh Jfedksa] miHkksDrkvksa rFkk ukxfjd ds :i esa ckgjh nqfu;k ls tqM+h

gqbZ gSa rFkk iq#"k Hkh ifr] firk vkSj fu.kZ;drkZ ds :i esa ifjokj rFkk ?kj ds Hkhrj

lfØ; jgrs gSaA efgykvksa dh igpku iRuh] ek¡ vkSj ?kjsyw dkedkt l¡Hkkyusokyh

Hkwfedkvksa ij fVdh gS] tcfd iq#"kksa dh igpku mRiknd dk;ks±] lkoZtfud

ekStwnxh vkSj rkdr ls tqM+h gqbZ gSA

ifjos'k dk ;g c¡Vokjk dk;Z vFkok Je ds foHkktu dks vfHkO;Dr djrk gSA

efgykvksa }kjk ?kj ij fd;k x;k dk;Z] pkgs og ifjokj ds fy, gks vFkok dqN iSls

tqVkus ds edln ls fd;k x;k gks] dk;Z gh ugha le>k tkrk gSA bls Hkh iRuh vFkok

ek¡ ds :i esa fd;s tkusokys mlds drZO;ksa dk gh foLrkj le> fy;k tkrk gSA

ifjHkk"kk ds Lrj ij ns[ksa rks ?kjsyw ifjos'k dHkh Hkh mRiknd xfrfofèk;ksa ds {ks= ugha

gks ldrsA enkZuk vkSj T+kukuk ifjos'kksa dk rdZ vU; ?kkrd rjhdksa ls Hkh dke djrk

gSA vius ?kjksa ds ckgj dke djusokyh efgykvksa dks vke rkSj ij oL=&fu;kZr rFkk

bysDVªkWfud oLrqvksa ds O;kikj tSls dk;Z{ks=ksa rd gh lhfer j[kk tkrk gSA bu

m|ksx&èkaèkksa esa de et+nwjh feyuk rks vke ckr gSA ,slk le>k tkrk gS fd efgykvksa

dk dk;Z mudh ikfjokfjd vk; dk iwjd ek= gS D;ksafd mudh ^vlyh* fT+kEesnkjh

rks ?kj l¡Hkkyus dh gS vkSj blds vykok og tks dqN Hkh djrh gSa] og X+kSj&T+k:jh

gh gSA iq#"kksa ds esgurkus dks gh vlyh essgurkuk ekuk tkrk gS vkSj muds dke dks

gh ^vlyh* dke le>k tkrk gSA ;g dke gh izkFkfed vkSj vfuok;Z dke gSA

[kkldj xjhc vkSj oafpr rcdksa ds iq#"kksa dh ,d cM+h rknkn dks efgykvksa

dh rjg de eT+knwjh nh tkrh gS vkSj mUgsa vDlj csgrj esgurkuk ds fy, fojksèk

trkus dh vuqefr Hkh ugha nh tkrh gS] ysfdu bu iq#"kksa ls vkSjrksa ls vfèkd

xfr'khy gksus dh mEehn dh tkrh gSA xjhc&oafpr oxks± ds iq#"kksa ds fy, u;k

gquj lh[kus vFkok iqjkus gquj dks gh fu[kkjus dh vfèkd laHkkouk,¡ gksrh gSaA

laxfBr Je vFkok lsok {ks=ksa esa efgykvksa dh rqyuk esa iq#"k vfèkd la[;k esa dke

djrs gSaA bu {ks=ksa esa eT+knwjh esa yxkrkj lqèkkj gksrs tkus vkSj gquj lh[kus rFkk mls

fu[kkjus dh laHkkouk,¡ gksrh gSaA

gkyk¡fd iwjs bfrgkl ds nkSjku ,d [kkl rjg ds ukjhokn rFkk i;kZoj.kokn

us oxhZÑr lksp ds T+kfj, efgykvksa dks Qk;nk igq¡pk;k gS] ysfdu bl rjg dh

lksp us mPp f'k{kk] vkfFkZd :i ls eT+kcwr cukusokyh ukSdfj;k¡] jktuhfrd iVy

ij lfØ;rk o lÙkk rFkk ckSf)d xfrfofèk;ksa tSls iq#"kksa ds opZLookys {ks=ksa ls

efgykvksa dks vyx j[kus dk dke fd;k gSA blus izHkko'kkyh


dks ?kj dh rax txgksa esa jksds j[kus] de eT+knwjh okyh ukSdfj;ksa ls ck¡èkdj j[kus]

xfr'khyrk ij yxke yxkus] nqfu;k ls :c: gksus dh mudh bPNk dks ?kVkus] u,

yksxksa ls feyus rFkk fT+kanxh dk iwjs foLrkj ls vuqHko djus ls jksdus dk gh dke

fd;k gSA nwljh rjQ oxhZdj.k ds lgt vkSj fufoZokn dgs tkusokys rdZ dh

otg ls iq#"kksa dks Hkkjh Qk;nk feyrk jgk gSA [dguk pkfg, fd] iq#"k gksuk ,d

,slh fLFkfr gS tgk¡ ls 'kfDr dk izokg gksrk gS vkSj mUgsa ,d fo'ks"k ntkZ feyrk

gSA gkyk¡fd lHkh iq#"k rkdroj ugha gksrs vkSj lHkh iq#"kksa ds ikl rkdroj gksus

ds nkoksa dh iqf"V ds fy, t+:jh lalk/ku ugha gksrs] ysfdu mUgsa lqfo/kk,¡ feyrh

gSaA ;g lp gS fd iq#"kksa ds vyx&vyx lewgksa us fHkUu&fHkUu mÌs';ksa ls iq#"kRo

dh vyx&vyx O;k[;k dh gS] fQj Hkh vfHkO;fDr] Hkwfedkvksa ds fuokZg rFkk lÙkk

ds bLrseky ls 'kk;n gh enkZuxh dHkh vyx jgh gSA

uLyh vFkok tkrh; oxhZdj.k\ D;k os Hkh tsaMj ds fopkjksa dh rjg gekjh

lkekU; le> ds gh fgLls gSa\ vkSj D;k os mlh rjg ls dke Hkh djrs gSa\ ,d lnh

igys Hkkjr esa tkfr yksxksa dks bl rjg ls foHkDr djrh Fkh fd muds vyx&vyx

lkekftd rFkk vkoklh; ifjos'k cu tkrs Fks vkSj os viuh lkekftd Hkwfedkvksa rFkk

lkSais x;s dk;ks± ds nk;js esa gh jgrs FksA vyx&vyx tkfr;ksa dk vyx&vyx is'kk

Fkk vkSj bu is'kksa dks ,d ntkZcanh esa j[kk x;k FkkA Mk- vacsMdj us bl O;oLFkk

dks ^xSj&cjkcjh ntkZcanh* ds :i esa fpfàr fd;k FkkA gjsd tkfr dks ,d [kkl

LoHkkookyk ekuk tkrk Fkk] ekuks ,d tkfr&fo'ks"k ds yksxksa esa lacafèkr xq.k tUetkr

gh gksaA ;gk¡ rd fd vyx tkfr;ksa ds fy, vyx&vyx U;k; O;oLFkk Hkh Fkh] tSls

czkã.kksa vkSj 'kwnzksa ds fy, ,d gh dkuwu ugha ykxw gksrk FkkA

gkyk¡fd uLy vkSj tkfr ds vkèkkjksa ij oxhZdj.k dks chloha lnh ds nkSjku

ges'kk gh pqukSfr;ksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+kA leku vfèkdkjksa ds fl)kar ds lkFk

gh nfyrksa vkSj v'osrksa }kjk pyk, x, la?k"kks± us Hkh bl oxhZÑr lksp dk fuèkkZj.k

djusokyh èkkj.kkvksa dk [kqyklk fd;kA dHkh oxhZdj.k dh vfHkO;fDr dks eT+kcwrh

nsusokyh Kkuoknh rdZ&ehekalk dk vkt dksbZ otwn ugha gS vkSj vxj dgha gS Hkh

rks mUgsa iwokZxzgxzLr ekuk tkrk gSA gkyk¡fd iq#"kksa vkSj efgykvksa ds izfr oxhZÑr

lksp vc Hkh dk;e gS] ysfdu tSlk fd ge ns[k pqds gSa fd ;q)&fojksèkh izn'kZuksa

ds nkSjku lgu'khyrk vkSj lekuqHkwfr tSls fL=;ksfpr xq.kksa ds :i esa bldk

:ikarjdkjh :i Hkh ns[kus dks feyrk gSA ysfdu cnyko vkSj rksM+&tksM+ ds bu

iyksa esa oxhZdj.k dks gh tk;T+k Bgjkus dk [krjk cuk jgrk gS vkSj os iy

ukjhokfn;ksa dh mEehnksa ds vuq:i n`f"Vdks.k esa cnyko ugha yk ikrs gSaA


141

fujarj


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

142

fujarj

ysfdu tsaMj lacaèkh oxhÑr lksp mu lanHkks± esa Hkh ykxw gksrh gS tks vU; rjg

ds oxhZdj.kksa dks pqukSrh nsrh gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, uLy&fojksèkh vkSj tkfr&fojksèkh

lfØ;rk us Hkh tsaMj lekurk vkSj U;k; dh vfuok;Zrk dks ges'kk ugha igpkuk

gSA iq#"k lÙkk vkSj fo'ks"kkfèkdkj ds gdnkj gSa vkSj efgykvksa dks mudh mEehn

ugha djuh pkfg,] bl fLFkfr dks cjdjkj j[kus esa nfyr iq#"k vFkok v'osr iq#"k

ds Hkh fgr gSaA gkyk¡fd ;s ek¡xsa Li"V rkSj ij ugha j[kh tkrh gSa] ysfdu iq#"k ftl

rjg [kqn dks vkSj efgykvksa dks ns[krs gSa vkSj efgyk,¡ Hkh ftl rjg vius fy,

r; dh x;h Hkwfedkvksa ds vuqlkj gh O;ogkj djrh gSa] mlesa budh ekStwnxh cuh

jgrh gSA ,d nfyr efgyk ;kSu&mRihM+u ds ekeys esa pqIih lkèkdj vius xqLls

dks nck ysrh gS D;ksafd og tkurh gS fd ^yM+ds rks ,sls gh gksrs gSa vkSj vkf[kjdkj

os vius gh yM+ds gksrs gSaA* ;gk¡ ij ,d ek¡ ds rkSj ij mldh Hkwfedk vkSj igpku

lkeus vkrh gS] gkyk¡fd bldk Lo:i cnyk gqvk gksrk gSA nfyr efgyk ds lkFk

gq, cykRdkj ls nq[kh vkSj xqLls ls Hkjs gq, ,d nfyr ;qod dks Øksèk] ihM+k vkSj

nnZ dk vuqHko gks ldrk gS] ysfdu izk;% ;g ml Hkkouk ds dkj.k gksrk gS tks

,d firk vFkok ,d HkkbZ ds viuh csVh vFkok cgu ds lkFk gq, vieku dk

cnyk ysus] ugha rks de&ls&de 'kksd trkus dh T+k:jr ls tqM+h gqbZ gSA

vèkwjk lekthdj.k

iq#"kksa vkSj efgykvksa dh Hkwfedk ls lacafèkr lkekftd nckoksa vkSj vis{kkvksa us ;kSu

fHkUurk dks l[r cukus dk dke fd;k gSA vius tSls yksxksa dk ncko] ehfM;k

lans'k rFkk jksT+kxkj ds fodYi tSlh lkekftd vis{kk,¡ ukT+kqd vkSj vkxzgh ds

lkFk&lkFk izR;{k vkSj nckodkjh Hkh gksrh gSaA geesa ls gjsd 'k[l eksyrksy vkSj

la?k"kZ ds T+kfj, r; dh gqbZ viuh Hkwfedkvksa dk fuokZg djrs le; dkQh lgt

eglwl djrk gS vkSj ;gh phT+k bls oSèkrk nsrh gSA gkyk¡fd eksyrksy vkSj la?k"kZ

dh ;g izfØ;k iq#"kksa vkSj efgykvksa ds fy, vyx&vyx gSaA iq#"kksa dks Lohdk;Zrk

ds fy, crkSj iqjLdkj èku] lkekftd izfr"Bk vkSj iq#"k gksus dk xkSjo feyrk gS]

tcfd efgykvksa dks feyusokys iqjLdkj de Bksl gksrs gSaA mUgsa cPpksa vkSj

cM+s&cqT+kqxks± dk I;kj rFkk ns[kHkky djusokyh vkSj laosnuk ls ifjiw.kZ gksus esa

ln~xq.kh gksus dh vuqHkwfr gksrh gSA

ysfdu Bksl lanHkks± esa efgyk,¡ dbZ ekeyksa esa vius dks cgqr gn rd udkjrh

gSaA Hkkstu] vkjke ds ?kaVs] LokLF; vFkok ;kSu bPNk ds loky ij efgyk,¡ bUgsa

vfèkd roTtks u nsdj iRuh] cgu] csVh vkSj ek¡ ds rkSj ij feyh fT+kEesnkfj;ksa dks


iwjk djus esa tqV tkrh gSaA dbZ ekeyksa esa efgykvksa dks viuh bPNk vkSj T+k:jr

dk R;kx djus ds fy, Hkh etcwj fd;k tkrk gSA [kkl rkSj ij mu ij viuh

T+k:jrksa dks ifr dh T+k:jrksa esa lekfgr dj nsus dk ncko gksrk gSA efgykvksa dks

nCcw cukus esa ?kjsyw fgalk dh Hkh ,d cM+h Hkwfedk gksrh gSA

Hkkjr esa nfyr tSls leqnk;ksa ij ykxw lkekftd dk;ns vyx rjg ds gSaA os

Li"V rkSj ij vkjksfir fd, x, gSa vkSj mudh vU;k;iw.kZ izo`fÙk dks lkQ ns[kk tk

ldrk gSA O;kogkfjd Lrjksa ij bu dk;nksa dh O;k[;k ugha dh tkrh gS vkSj vke

rkSj ij bUgsa èkkfeZd rdks± ds vkèkkj ij U;k;ksfpr Bgjk;k tkrk gSA bu lkekftd

dk;nksa dks cjdjkj j[kus esa lÙkk dk [ksy Hkh lkQrkSj ij fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA

gkyk¡fd lekthdj.k vFkok lkekftd Hkwfedkvksa dk Fkksik tkuk dHkh Hkh

mruk laxr vkSj izokgiw.kZ ugha jgk gS ftruk fd og fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA r; dk;nksa

ds lkFk gekjs laidZ dh izfØ;k ds nkSjku ge yxkrkj [kksth cus jgrs gSaA mnkgj.k

ds fy, vxj efgykvksa ls ,d [kkl


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj

144

fujarj

D;ksafd nwljksa ds leFkZu vFkok fojksèk ds cX+kSj gekjh lksp vkSj dkjZokbZ futh gh

cuh jgrh gSaA

blh ds lkFk gesa ;g Hkh ekuuk gksxk fd ;kSfud rFkk vU; fHkUurkvksa ds

dk;ns&dkuwuksa dks ft+ank o lfØ; j[kus esa vlyh] HkkSfrd nk¡o Hkh tqM+s jgrs gSaA

;s nk¡o ;kSfud rFkk lkekftd lkaLÑfrd] vkfFkZd vkfn foHksnksa dks ,d&nwljs ds

lkFk tksM+us dk dke Hkh djrs gSaA lkQ rkSj ij ;kSu fHkUurk,¡ vU; lkekftd

fHkUurkvksa ds lanHkZ esa gh ekStwn jgrh gSaA lkQ&lkQ os bu fHkUurkvksa dk

vfrØe.k Hkh djrh gSa vkSj mUgsa izHkkfor Hkh djrh gSaA blh rjg vU; lkekftd

fHkUurkvksa dks ;kSu fHkUurk ds :i esa rFkk mlds T+kfj, vfHkO;Dr fd;k tkrk gSA

bl rjg fganw èkeZ ds ekeys esa ,d 'kwnz dh fLFkfr ,d efgyk tSlh gSA ;gk¡ ,d

tkfr dk viekutud


lSUMªk gkfMZax] n lkbal Do'pu bu QsfefuT+e] bFkkdk % dkWjusy ;wfuoflZVh

izsl] ¼1986½

xMkZ yuZj] n fØ,'ku vkWQ QsfefuLV dkWU'klusl] U;w;kWdZ % vkWDlQksMZ

;wfuoflZVh izsl] ¼1993½

,y- gsufj,Vk ewj] QsfefuT+e ,aM ,UFkzksikWyth] dSafczt % ikWfyVh izsl] ¼1988½

tkWu MCY;w LdkWV] tsaMj ,aM n ikWfyfVDl vkWQ fgLVªh] U;w;kWdZ % dksyafc;k

;wfuoflZVh izsl] ¼1988½


145

fujarj


tsaMj vkSj f'k{kk jhMj] Hkkx 2 esa Kku ds

l`tu dh izfØ;kvksa vkSj mldh izÑfr dks

le>us dh dksf'k'k dh xbZ gSA ;s lHkh

tsaMj] tkfr] oxZ] /keZ tSls lÙkk ds

Similar magazines