Indian Medicinal Plants An Illustrated Dictionary

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Indian Medicinal Plants An Illustrated

  • Page 2: Indian Medicinal Plants
  • Page 6: Author
  • Page 10: Guiding Factors
  • Page 14: • The British Herbal Pharmacopoei
  • Page 18: Abelmoschus esculentus
  • Page 22: disorders, contain taraxerol, its a
  • Page 26: diabetic rats. Seed oil—antifunga
  • Page 30: The bark yields a saponin which,
  • Page 34: Ayurvedic ◮ Aadaari, Lataa Khadir
  • Page 38: haemostatic. Salicylic acid is anti
  • Page 42: Chamba in Himachal Pradesh,
  • Page 46: pseudoaconitine. (The inert charact
  • Page 50: Habitat ◮ Native to Japan, occasi
  • Page 54:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Vaasaa, Vaasaka,

  • Page 58:

    Siddha/Tamil ◮ Manjakadambu.

  • Page 62:

    Horse Chestnut contains triterpenoi

  • Page 66:

    es, polyphosphatases, polyphenoloxi

  • Page 70:

    diuretic and urinary antiseptic,

  • Page 74:

    Alangium begoniaefolium

  • Page 78:

    Action ◮ Bark—a decoction is gi

  • Page 82:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Grnjana.

  • Page 86:

    action). With crushing or chewing a

  • Page 90:

    Dosage ◮ Leaf pulp juice—10-20

  • Page 94:

    Alstonia sp. is known as Fever Bark

  • Page 98:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Identified as Soma of

  • Page 102:

    Folk ◮ Daadmaari. (Also known as

  • Page 106:

    An iridoid glycoside named amphicos

  • Page 110:

    Action ◮ Stimulant, cordial, rube

  • Page 114:

    Anchusa italica Retz.

  • Page 118:

    Angelica archangelica Linn. var. hi

  • Page 122:

    leaves contain glucosides of luteol

  • Page 126:

    chamomile remains unapproved

  • Page 130:

    Celery yields an essential oil (3%)

  • Page 134:

    Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Spreng.

  • Page 138:

    drug, in itself, did not show anabo

  • Page 142:

    sis of thyroid hormone. (Sharon M.

  • Page 146:

    Action ◮ Leaf—haemostatic. Esse

  • Page 150:

    activity and is a uterine stimulant

  • Page 154:

    Vari. (Substitute for Medaa,

  • Page 158:

    Aqueous extract decreased fasting

  • Page 162:

    the gastrointestinal tract and bile

  • Page 166:

    English ◮ Carambola, Star Fruit,

  • Page 170:

    Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Penn.

  • Page 174:

    Along with other therapeutic applic

  • Page 178:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Vansha, Venu, Kichaka

  • Page 182:

    Dosage ◮ Whole plant—50-100 g f

  • Page 186:

    Bauhinia acuminata Linn.

  • Page 190:

    uds are used in diarrhoea,

  • Page 194:

    hypotensive, antiamoebic, anticoagu

  • Page 198:

    (Paashaanabheda indicates that the

  • Page 202:

    and wounds. Decoction is given

  • Page 206:

    Blumea eriantha DC.

  • Page 210:

    Bombax ceiba Linn.

  • Page 214:

    Action ◮ Gum-resin—antiseptic,

  • Page 218:

    The oil gave brassino steroid—bra

  • Page 222:

    Habitat ◮ Native to Mexico; grown

  • Page 226:

    Bupleurum flacutum Linn.

  • Page 230:

    Caccinia crassifolia O. Kuntze.

  • Page 234:

    Action ◮ Root—astringent and

  • Page 238:

    The plant is used in convulsions an

  • Page 242:

    treatment of genitourinary and

  • Page 246:

    Unani ◮ Chaai, Shaahi, Shaayi.

  • Page 250:

    Action ◮ Anticonvulsant, CNS

  • Page 254:

    Capparis zeylanica Linn.

  • Page 258:

    Folk ◮ Karalli, Kierpa. Varanga

  • Page 262:

    exhibited anti-tubercular activity,

  • Page 266:

    Also found wild in the North

  • Page 270:

    ubbed on to the skin to cure ringwo

  • Page 274:

    Action ◮ An adulterant of the tru

  • Page 278:

    Siddha/Tamil ◮ Erumaikkottan.

  • Page 282:

    Family ◮ Meliaceae.

  • Page 286:

    with pentobarbital. The seed extrac

  • Page 290:

    Boiled leaves are eaten for urinary

  • Page 294:

    Dosage ◮ Whole plant—10-

  • Page 298:

    Habitat ◮ Native to South Europe,

  • Page 302:

    Action ◮ Tuber—nervine and

  • Page 306:

    The flowers contain daucosterol,

  • Page 310:

    albino rats. The cholagogue activit

  • Page 314:

    Key application ◮ Externally in

  • Page 318:

    Key application ◮ As antibacteria

  • Page 322:

    Cucurbitacins include cucurbitacin

  • Page 326:

    Siddha/Tamil ◮ Periya elumuchhai.

  • Page 330:

    For drug interactions with grapefru

  • Page 334:

    Action ◮ Seed—carminative,

  • Page 338:

    Habitat ◮ Ashrubdistributed

  • Page 342:

    and South India) is known as Parwat

  • Page 346:

    might lower hepatic glucose product

  • Page 350:

    showed amoebicidal activity against

  • Page 354:

    Conium maculatum Linn.

  • Page 358:

    in debility, convalescence, intermi

  • Page 362:

    of the plant is applied as a paste

  • Page 366:

    The powdered rhizome of Corydalis

  • Page 370:

    Action ◮ Coronary vasodilator

  • Page 374:

    Siddha/Tamil ◮ Kumgumappoo

  • Page 378:

    toxic. Crotin, a toxic albuminous s

  • Page 382:

    Habitat ◮ Cultivated throughout

  • Page 386:

    menopausal cramps, leg-cramps.

  • Page 390:

    Dosage ◮ Rhizome—1-3 g powder.

  • Page 394:

    Curcumenol and curdione are

  • Page 398:

    externally for scalds, ulcers and

  • Page 402:

    Family ◮ Poaceae.

  • Page 406:

    Cyperus rotundus Linn.

  • Page 410:

    period of decreased vascular tensio

  • Page 414:

    D 200 Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.

  • Page 418:

    D 202 Datisca cannabina Linn.

  • Page 422:

    D 204 Daucus carota Linn. var. sati

  • Page 426:

    D 206 Delphinium brunonianum Royle.

  • Page 430:

    D 208 Delphinium zalil Aitch. & Hem

  • Page 434:

    D 210 Desmodium gangeticum DC.

  • Page 438:

    D 212 Dichroa febrifuga Lour.

  • Page 442:

    D 214 Digitalis purpurea Linn.

  • Page 446:

    D 216 Dioscorea daemona Roxb.

  • Page 450:

    D 218 Diospyros ebenum Koenig.

  • Page 454:

    D 220 Diospyros tomentosa Roxb.

  • Page 458:

    D 222 Dolichos biflorus Linn.

  • Page 462:

    D 224 Doronicum pardalianches Linn.

  • Page 466:

    D 226 Drynaria quercifolia (Linn.)

  • Page 470:

    D 228 Dysoxylum binectariferum Hook

  • Page 474:

    230 Echinochloa frumentacea Link.

  • Page 478:

    232 Eichhornia crassipes Solms Laub

  • Page 482:

    234 Elephantopus scaber Linn.

  • Page 486:

    236 Eleusine indica Gaertin.

  • Page 490:

    238 Emblica officinalis Gaertn.

  • Page 494:

    240 Entada scandens auct. non-Benth

  • Page 498:

    242 Erigeron canadensis Linn.

  • Page 502:

    244 Ervataemia coronaria staff.

  • Page 506:

    246 Erythrina stricta Roxb.

  • Page 510:

    248 Eulaliopsis binata (Retz.)C.E.H

  • Page 514:

    250 Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl.

  • Page 518:

    252 Euphorbia hypericifolia auct. n

  • Page 522:

    254 Euphorbia thymifolia Linn.

  • Page 526:

    256 Evolvulus alsinoides Linn.

  • Page 530:

    Fagonia cretica Linn.

  • Page 534:

    Feijoa sellowiana Berg.

  • Page 538:

    dose of 0.6 mg/kg in rats by oral a

  • Page 542:

    ought about by a double dose of ins

  • Page 546:

    The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of Indi

  • Page 550:

    Ficus religiosa Linn.

  • Page 554:

    Flacourtia sepiaria Roxb.

  • Page 558:

    Habitat ◮ Indigenous to the coast

  • Page 562:

    The seed oil contains myristic 4.2,

  • Page 566:

    G 278 Garcinia cowa Roxb.

  • Page 570:

    G 280 Garcinia morella (Gaertn) Des

  • Page 574:

    G 282 Gardenia resinifera Roth.

  • Page 578:

    G 284 Geophila repens (Linn.)I.M.Jo

  • Page 582:

    G 286 Ginkgo biloba Linn.

  • Page 586:

    G 288 Glossocardia bosvallia DC.

  • Page 590:

    G 290 Gmelina arborea Roxb.

  • Page 594:

    G 292 Gnida glauca (Fresen.) Gilg.

  • Page 598:

    G 294 Grangea maderaspatana Poir.

  • Page 602:

    G 296 Grewia villosa Willd.

  • Page 606:

    G 298 Gymnema sylvestre B. Br.

  • Page 610:

    G 300 Gynura pseudo-china (L.) DC.

  • Page 614:

    H 302 Hardwickia binata Roxb.

  • Page 618:

    H 304 Hedyotis corymbosa (Linn.) La

  • Page 622:

    H 306 Helleborus niger Linn.

  • Page 626:

    H 308 Herniaria glabra Linn.

  • Page 630:

    H 310 Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn.

  • Page 634:

    H 312 Hiptage benghalensis Kurz.

  • Page 638:

    H 314 Homonoia riparia Lour.

  • Page 642:

    H 316 Hura crepitans Linn.

  • Page 646:

    H 318 Hymenodictyon excelsum Wall.

  • Page 650:

    H 320 Hyptis suaveolens (Linn.) Poi

  • Page 654:

    Iberis amara Linn.

  • Page 658:

    Illicium verum Hook. f.

  • Page 662:

    Indigofera aspalathoides

  • Page 666:

    Folk ◮ Vana-methi.

  • Page 670:

    and 3,5-dicaffoylquinic acids have

  • Page 674:

    Ipomoea nil (Linn.) Roth

  • Page 678:

    esin is the active principle, it co

  • Page 682:

    Habitat ◮ The Himalayas from

  • Page 686:

    flavonoids—rutin and kaempferol-

  • Page 690:

    342 Jasminum auriculatum Vahl.

  • Page 694:

    344 Jasminum rottlerianum Wall. ex

  • Page 698:

    346 Jatropha gossypifolia Linn.

  • Page 702:

    348 Juniperus communis Linn. var. s

  • Page 706:

    350 Justicia gendarussa Burm. f.

  • Page 710:

    K 352 Kalanchoe integra (Medic.) Ku

  • Page 714:

    K 354 Kigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC.

  • Page 718:

    K 356 Kyllinga triceps Rottb.

  • Page 722:

    358 Lactuca virosa Linn.

  • Page 726:

    360 Lallemantia royleana Roxb.

  • Page 730:

    362 Lantana camara Linn. var. acule

  • Page 734:

    364 Launaea mucronata (Forsk.) Musc

  • Page 738:

    366 Lawsonia inermis Linn.

  • Page 742:

    368 Leonotis nepetaefolia (L.) R. B

  • Page 746:

    370 Lepidium sativum Linn.

  • Page 750:

    372 Leucas aspera Spreng.

  • Page 754:

    374 Lilium polyphyllum D. Don.

  • Page 758:

    376 Limonia crenulata Roxb.

  • Page 762:

    378 Lippia geminata H. B. & K.

  • Page 766:

    380 Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C. B.

  • Page 770:

    382 Lobelia leschenaultina (Persl)

  • Page 774:

    384 Loranthus pentandrus Linn.

  • Page 778:

    386 Luvunga eleutherandra Dalz in p

  • Page 782:

    388 Lycopus europaeus Linn.

  • Page 786:

    Maba nigrescens Dalz. & Gibs.

  • Page 790:

    Maerua arenaria

  • Page 794:

    of a number of Gram-positive and

  • Page 798:

    one, taraxerol, friedelin, lupeol a

  • Page 802:

    M. hamiltonii Wight (sub-Himalayan

  • Page 806:

    mortality rate produced by picrotox

  • Page 810:

    E.) Like cajeput oil, the principal

  • Page 814:

    Action ◮ Plant—astringent, disc

  • Page 818:

    Psychiatry, 74, 2003; Natural Medic

  • Page 822:

    stimulative effect on CNS of mice.

  • Page 826:

    is used as a mouthwash; leaves are

  • Page 830:

    is used as a bitter tonic in fevers

  • Page 834:

    The methanolic extract of the root

  • Page 838:

    een reported. Saponins isolated fro

  • Page 842:

    English ◮ Bitter Gourd, Blsam Pea

  • Page 846:

    Habitat ◮ Throughout India in

  • Page 850:

    Dosage ◮ Leaf—10-20 ml. juice.

  • Page 854:

    perprolactinemia frequently face im

  • Page 858:

    An anti-ulcerogenic acylsterylglyco

  • Page 862:

    The hexane extract contains myristi

  • Page 866:

    Myrtol, a fraction of myrtenol, is

  • Page 870:

    N 434 Naregamia alata Wight & Arn.

  • Page 874:

    N 436 Nepeta cataria Linn.

  • Page 878:

    N 438 Nervilia aragoana Gaudich.

  • Page 882:

    N 440 Nilgirianthus ciliatus (Nees)

  • Page 886:

    N 442 Nymphaea stellata Willd.

  • Page 890:

    O 444 Ocimum canum Sims.

  • Page 894:

    O 446 Ocimum viride Willd.

  • Page 898:

    O 448 Oldenlandia umbellata Linn.

  • Page 902:

    O 450 Ophioglossum vulgatum Linn.

  • Page 906:

    O 452 Orchis latifolia Linn.

  • Page 910:

    O 454 Orthosiphon grandiflorus Bold

  • Page 914:

    O 456 Osmunda regalis Linn.

  • Page 918:

    O 458 Oxystelma secamone (Linn.) Ka

  • Page 922:

    460 Panax pseudoginseng Wall.

  • Page 926:

    462 Papaver rhoeas L.

  • Page 930:

    464 Parmelia perlata (Huds.) Ach.

  • Page 934:

    466 Passiflora incarnata Linn.

  • Page 938:

    468 Pavetta indica Linn.

  • Page 942:

    470 Peganum harmala Linn.

  • Page 946:

    472 Pergularia extensa N. E. Br.

  • Page 950:

    474 Persea americana Mill.

  • Page 954:

    476 Peucedanum grande C. B. Clarke.

  • Page 958:

    478 Phlogacanthus thyrsiflorus Nees

  • Page 962:

    480 Phragmites communis Trin.

  • Page 966:

    482 Phyllanthus maderaspatensis Lin

  • Page 970:

    484 Physochlaina praealta Miers.

  • Page 974:

    486 Picrorhiza scrophulariaeflora P

  • Page 978:

    488 Pinus gerardiana Wall.

  • Page 982:

    490 Piper chaba Hunter non-Blume.

  • Page 986:

    492 Piper nigrum Linn.

  • Page 990:

    494 Pisonia grandis R. Br.

  • Page 994:

    496 Pithecellobium dulce Benth.

  • Page 998:

    498 Plantago major Linn.

  • Page 1002:

    500 Plesmonium margaritiferum Schot

  • Page 1006:

    502 Plumeria acuminata Ait.

  • Page 1010:

    504 Pogostemon benghalensis Kuntze.

  • Page 1014:

    506 Polycarpaea corymbosa Lam.

  • Page 1018:

    508 Polygonatum multiflorum All.

  • Page 1022:

    510 Polygonum hydropiper Linn.

  • Page 1026:

    512 Populus alba Linn.

  • Page 1030:

    514 Portulaca tuberosa Roxb.

  • Page 1034:

    516 Premna integrifolia Linn.

  • Page 1038:

    518 Prosopis spicigera Linn.

  • Page 1042:

    520 Prunus cerasoides D. Don.

  • Page 1046:

    522 Pseudarthria viscida Wt. & Arn.

  • Page 1050:

    524 Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.

  • Page 1054:

    526 Pterospermum canescens Roxb.

  • Page 1058:

    528 Putranjiva roxburghii Wall.

  • Page 1062:

    530 Pyrus communis Linn.

  • Page 1066:

    Q 532 Quercus infectoria Oliv.

  • Page 1070:

    Radermachera xylocarpa

  • Page 1074:

    causes inflammation of the digestiv

  • Page 1078:

    sinus tachycardia, anxiety, tension

  • Page 1082:

    Remusatia vivipara Schott.

  • Page 1086:

    spleen. (Purgative action not found

  • Page 1090:

    antiseptic. Used for indigestion,

  • Page 1094:

    stems and bark cause hypotension in

  • Page 1098:

    Habitat ◮ Mediterranean region.

  • Page 1102:

    The anthocyanosides are reportedly

  • Page 1106:

    A betaxanthin, humilixanthin, has

  • Page 1110:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Taruni-Kantaka (noncl

  • Page 1114:

    phenyl ethyl alcohol 3-9, eugenol 1

  • Page 1118:

    Folk ◮ Kal-vidhaaraa, Vaakeri

  • Page 1122:

    eta-sitosterol; leaves gave torment

  • Page 1126:

    The leaves contain 30 mg/100 g asco

  • Page 1130:

    Rungia repens Nees.

  • Page 1134:

    Saccharum munja Roxb.

  • Page 1138:

    Sagittaria trifolia Linn.

  • Page 1142:

    heumatic ailments. (German

  • Page 1146:

    The bark contains 8.2%-8.8% tannin

  • Page 1150:

    oil applied locally on rheumatic

  • Page 1154:

    poultices, hair tonics and hair dre

  • Page 1158:

    Sanicula europaea Linn.

  • Page 1162:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Arishtaka, Phenila,

  • Page 1166:

    Folk ◮ Bhedeli (Assam).

  • Page 1170:

    Family ◮ Lauraceae.

  • Page 1174:

    cough, chronic rheumatism, skin

  • Page 1178:

    Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken.

  • Page 1182:

    Scirpus articulatus Linn.

  • Page 1186:

    Flavonoids occurring in the leaves

  • Page 1190:

    is comparatively less toxic. It is

  • Page 1194:

    The roots gave coumarins, angelicin

  • Page 1198:

    Habitat ◮ Southeastern North

  • Page 1202:

    The bark contains gum and tannin.

  • Page 1206:

    The bark contains 7-12, young leave

  • Page 1210:

    Proteins, linoleic, malvlic and ste

  • Page 1214:

    Silymarin has been used successfull

  • Page 1218:

    Astilbin, 3-O-caffeoyl-shikimic, fe

  • Page 1222:

    Key application ◮ As a supportive

  • Page 1226:

    Action ◮ Fruit—recommended in l

  • Page 1230:

    Habitat ◮ Native to South America

  • Page 1234:

    English ◮ Milk Thistle (a confusi

  • Page 1238:

    Included among unapproved herbs

  • Page 1242:

    (Mahamundi, Mahaa-shraavani is

  • Page 1246:

    Action ◮ Fruits, leaves, bark—

  • Page 1250:

    and hyndarine sedative activity. Te

  • Page 1254:

    pachol, dehydro-alpha-lapachone and

  • Page 1258:

    Strychnos ignatii Bergius.

  • Page 1262:

    Styrax benzoin Dry.

  • Page 1266:

    Action ◮ A substitute for S.

  • Page 1270:

    Habitat ◮ The Himalayas from

  • Page 1274:

    ties to the buds. Eugenol, a major

  • Page 1278:

    Syzygium jambos (Linn.) Alston.

  • Page 1282:

    Tabernaemontana coronaria

  • Page 1286:

    English ◮ Big Marigold, Aztec or

  • Page 1290:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Maachikaa (related

  • Page 1294:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Dugdh-pheni, Luutaari

  • Page 1298:

    Action ◮ Leaves—hypoglycaemic

  • Page 1302:

    not show any such effect. The juice

  • Page 1306:

    The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of Indi

  • Page 1310:

    Terminalia myriocarpa

  • Page 1314:

    Teucrium chamaedrys Linn.

  • Page 1318:

    Thespesia populnea

  • Page 1322:

    English ◮ Mother-of-thyme, Wild

  • Page 1326:

    alloxan diabetic rats. (Phytother R

  • Page 1330:

    and several indole alkaloids from t

  • Page 1334:

    Trapa bispinosa Roxb.

  • Page 1338:

    Unani ◮ Biskhaparaa.

  • Page 1342:

    Folk ◮ Hetenuriyaa, Jalasirasa.

  • Page 1346:

    Siddha ◮ Kommu Patolia.

  • Page 1350:

    Siddha/Tamil ◮ Vendhayam.

  • Page 1354:

    Sensitivity to gluten has also been

  • Page 1358:

    Key application ◮ In acute catarr

  • Page 1362:

    Folk ◮ Gondapateraa.

  • Page 1366:

    U 684 Uraria alopecuroides Wight.

  • Page 1370:

    U 686 Urtica dioica Linn.

  • Page 1374:

    U 688 Usnea longissima Ach.

  • Page 1378:

    Vaccaria pyramidata (L.) Medik.

  • Page 1382:

    Action ◮ Tranquillizer, hypnotic,

  • Page 1386:

    The seed oil contains palmitic, ole

  • Page 1390:

    The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of Indi

  • Page 1394:

    Key application ◮ In catarrh of

  • Page 1398:

    The plant gave iridoid glycosides i

  • Page 1402:

    Habitat ◮ Native to eastern and c

  • Page 1406:

    in vincamine; others include vinic,

  • Page 1410:

    uised and applied to ulcers;

  • Page 1414:

    Action ◮ Properties more or less

  • Page 1418:

    eta-sitosterol and p-hydroxybenzoic

  • Page 1422:

    Tricholepis procumbens Wight.

  • Page 1426:

    W 716 Wedelia biflora DC.

  • Page 1430:

    W 718 Withania ashwagandha Kaul (cu

  • Page 1434:

    W 720 Wrightia tinctoria R. Br.

  • Page 1438:

    Xanthium strumariumLinn.

  • Page 1442:

    Folk ◮ Saanthu, Kalpottan (Kerala

  • Page 1446:

    Y 728 Yucca gloriosa Linn.

  • Page 1450:

    730 Zanthoxylum armatum DC.

  • Page 1454:

    732 Zataria multiflora Boiss.

  • Page 1458:

    734 Zingiber zerumbet Rosc. ex.Sm.

  • Page 1462:

    736 Ziziphus jujuba Mill.

  • Page 1466:

    738 Zornia diphylla (L.) Pers.

  • Page 1470:

    Abbreviations

  • Page 1474:

    min Minimum

  • Page 1478:

    746 Appendix

  • Page 1482:

    748 Appendix

  • Page 1486:

    750 Appendix

  • Page 1490:

    752 Appendix

  • Page 1494:

    754 Appendix

  • Page 1498:

    756 Appendix

  • Page 1502:

    Standardized Extracts of Indian Her

  • Page 1506:

    Appendix 761

  • Page 1510:

    Botanical name/

  • Page 1514:

    Botanical name/

  • Page 1518:

    Botanical name/

  • Page 1522:

    Botanical name/

  • Page 1526:

    772 Appendix

  • Page 1530:

    774 Bibliography

  • Page 1534:

    About the Author

  • Page 1538:

    778 Index

  • Page 1542:

    780 Index

  • Page 1546:

    782 Index

  • Page 1550:

    784 Index

  • Page 1554:

    786 Index

  • Page 1558:

    788 Index

  • Page 1562:

    790 Index

  • Page 1566:

    792 Index

  • Page 1570:

    794 Index

  • Page 1574:

    796 Index

  • Page 1578:

    798 Index

  • Page 1582:

    800 Index

  • Page 1586:

    802 Index

  • Page 1590:

    804 Index

  • Page 1594:

    806 Index

  • Page 1598:

    808 Index

  • Page 1602:

    810 Index

  • Page 1606:

    812 Index

  • Page 1610:

    Aconitum heterophyllum

  • Page 1614:

    Anethum sowa seeds (Himalaya)

  • Page 1618:

    Bergenia ligulata rhizome (PLIM)

  • Page 1622:

    Carum carvi fruit (PLIM)

  • Page 1626:

    Cissampelos pareira root (PLIM)

  • Page 1630:

    Cyperus rotundus rhizome (Dabur)

  • Page 1634:

    Emblica officinalis dried fruit (Da

  • Page 1638:

    Hemidesmus indicus root (WHO/PLIM)

  • Page 1642:

    Lactuca serriola seed (Himalaya)

  • Page 1646:

    Mucuna pruriens seed (Hamdard)

  • Page 1650:

    Piper longum fruit (Dabur) Piper lo

  • Page 1654:

    Pterocarpus santalinus heartwood (D

  • Page 1658:

    Sapindus mukorossi seed (Dabur)

  • Page 1662:

    Strychnos nux-vomica seed (Dabur)

  • Page 1666:

    Triticum sativum seed (Himalaya) Ur

  • Page 1670:

    Zingiber officinale

  • Page 4: C.P. Khare (Ed.)
  • Page 8: Dedicated to
  • Page 12: VIII Guiding Factors
  • Page 16: X Guiding Factors
  • Page 20: A 2 Abies webbiana Lindl.
  • Page 24: A 4 Acacia arabica Willd. var. indi
  • Page 28: A 6 Acacia chundra Willd.
  • Page 32: A 8 Acacia pennata (L.) Willd.
  • Page 36: A 10 Acanthus ilicifolius Linn.
  • Page 40: A 12 Achyranthes bidentata Blume
  • Page 44: A 14 Aconitum ferox Wall. ex Ser.
  • Page 48: A 16 Acorus calamus Linn.
  • Page 52:

    A 18 Adansonia digitata Linn.

  • Page 56:

    A 20 Adiantum incisum Forsk.

  • Page 60:

    A 22 Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. ex Sch

  • Page 64:

    A 24 Aganosma dichotoma (Roth) K. S

  • Page 68:

    A 26 Agrimonia eupatoria auct non L

  • Page 72:

    A 28 Ailanthus malabarica DC.

  • Page 76:

    A 30 Albizia lebbeck (Linn.) Willd.

  • Page 80:

    A 32 Alkanna tinctoria (L.) Tausch.

  • Page 84:

    A 34 Allium macleanii Baker.

  • Page 88:

    A 36 Aloe barbadensis Mill.

  • Page 92:

    A 38 Alpinia speciosa (Wendl.) K.Sc

  • Page 96:

    A 40 Althaea officinalis Linn.

  • Page 100:

    A 42 Amaranthus tricolor Linn.

  • Page 104:

    A 44 Amomum aromaticum Roxb.

  • Page 108:

    A 46 Anacardium occidentale Linn.

  • Page 112:

    A 48 Ananas comosus (Linn.) Merrill

  • Page 116:

    A 50 Andropogon muricatus Retz.

  • Page 120:

    A 52 Angelica glauca Edgew.

  • Page 124:

    A 54 Anogeissus latifolia Wall. ex

  • Page 128:

    A 56 Aphanamixis polystachya (Wall.

  • Page 132:

    A 58 Arachis hypogaea Linn.

  • Page 136:

    A 60 Argemone mexicana Linn.

  • Page 140:

    A 62 Aristolochia longa Linn.

  • Page 144:

    A 64 Artemisia maritima Linn.

  • Page 148:

    A 66 Artocarpus lacucha Buch.-Ham.

  • Page 152:

    A 68 Asparagus adscendens Roxb.

  • Page 156:

    A 70 Aspidopterys indica Hochr.

  • Page 160:

    A 72 Astragalus sarcocola Dymock.

  • Page 164:

    A 74 Averrhoa bilimbi Linn.

  • Page 168:

    A 76 Azima tetracantha Lam.

  • Page 172:

    B 78 Balanophora involucrata Hook.

  • Page 176:

    B 80 Balsamodendron opobalsamum Kun

  • Page 180:

    B 82 Barleria cristata Linn.

  • Page 184:

    B 84 Bassia longifolia Koen.

  • Page 188:

    B 86 Bauhinia retusa Roxb.

  • Page 192:

    B 88 Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cog

  • Page 196:

    B 90 Bergenia ligulata (Wall.) Engl

  • Page 200:

    B 92 Bidens pilosa Linn.

  • Page 204:

    B 94 Blepharis linariaefolia Pers.

  • Page 208:

    B 96 Boerhavia diffusa Linn.

  • Page 212:

    B 98 Borreria articularis (Linn. f.

  • Page 216:

    100 Brassica juncea (Linn.) Czern.

  • Page 220:

    102 Bridelia retusa (Linn.) Spreng.

  • Page 224:

    104 Buchanania axillaris (Desr.) Ra

  • Page 228:

    106 Butea superba Roxb.

  • Page 232:

    108 Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Wi

  • Page 236:

    110 Cajanus cajan (Linn.) Millsp.

  • Page 240:

    112 Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl.

  • Page 244:

    114 Caltha palustris Linn.

  • Page 248:

    116 Cannabis sativa Linn.

  • Page 252:

    118 Capparis moonii Wight.

  • Page 256:

    120 Capsicum frutescens Linn.

  • Page 260:

    122 Carica papaya Linn.

  • Page 264:

    124 Carum bulbocastanum W. Koch.

  • Page 268:

    126 Cassia absus Linn.

  • Page 272:

    128 Cassia fistula Linn.

  • Page 276:

    130 Cassia tora Linn.

  • Page 280:

    132 Cayratia carnosa (Wall.) Gagnep

  • Page 284:

    134 Ceiba pentandra (Linn.) Gaertn.

  • Page 288:

    136 Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban

  • Page 292:

    138 Cephaelis ipecacuanha (Brot.) A

  • Page 296:

    140 Ceropegia juncea Roxb.

  • Page 300:

    142 Chenopodium botrys Linn.

  • Page 304:

    144 Chonemorpha macrophylla (Roxb.)

  • Page 308:

    146 Cichorium endivia Linn.

  • Page 312:

    148 Cinnamomum camphora (Linn.) Nee

  • Page 316:

    150 Cinnamomum tamala.

  • Page 320:

    152 Cissus quadrangula Linn.

  • Page 324:

    154 Citrus aurantium Linn.

  • Page 328:

    156 Citrus medica Linn.

  • Page 332:

    158 Clematis gouriana Roxb.

  • Page 336:

    160 Clerodendrum infortunatum auct.

  • Page 340:

    162 Coccinia indica W. & A.

  • Page 344:

    164 Coffea arabica Linn.

  • Page 348:

    166 Coleus amboinicus Lour.

  • Page 352:

    168 Commelina benghalensis Linn.

  • Page 356:

    170 Convolvulus scammonia Linn.

  • Page 360:

    172 Corchorus capsularis Linn.

  • Page 364:

    174 Coriandrum sativum Linn.

  • Page 368:

    176 Costus speciosus (Koenig) Sm.

  • Page 372:

    178 Crinum asiaticum Linn.

  • Page 376:

    180 Crotalaria verrucosa Linn.

  • Page 380:

    182 Cucumis sativus Linn.

  • Page 384:

    184 Cuminum cyminum Linn.

  • Page 388:

    186 Curcuma angustifolia Roxb.

  • Page 392:

    188 Curcuma zedoaria Rosc.

  • Page 396:

    190 Cyclea arnotii Miers.

  • Page 400:

    192 Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wat

  • Page 404:

    194 Cyperus articulatus Linn.

  • Page 408:

    196 Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link.

  • Page 412:

    Dactyloctenium aegyptium

  • Page 416:

    Habitat ◮ The sub-Himalayan tract

  • Page 420:

    oot gave tropane, tropine and pseud

  • Page 424:

    action. (Gently heated peeled roots

  • Page 428:

    Entire plant, including roots and

  • Page 432:

    Aqueous and alcoholic extracts of

  • Page 436:

    amine; also contains tyramine and h

  • Page 440:

    Folk ◮ Navananji (Maharashtra),

  • Page 444:

    Dioscorea alata Linn.

  • Page 448:

    Family ◮ Dioscoreaceae.

  • Page 452:

    Habitat ◮ Native to China; now

  • Page 456:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Ajakarna, Chhaagakarn

  • Page 460:

    Family ◮ Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.

  • Page 464:

    (used in asthma), emmenagogue,

  • Page 468:

    cramps and blindness, also liver da

  • Page 472:

    Ecballium elaterium A. Rich.

  • Page 476:

    Siddha/Tamil ◮ Karisalaankanni.

  • Page 480:

    phenolics—quercetin, gallic acid

  • Page 484:

    Action ◮ Carminative antiemetic,

  • Page 488:

    infusion is used as a cough remedy

  • Page 492:

    An aqueous extract of the fruit has

  • Page 496:

    xygenase inhibitor and is found to

  • Page 500:

    Habitat ◮ Native to China; now

  • Page 504:

    Folk ◮ Brahma-Dhaniyaa, Jangali

  • Page 508:

    Action ◮ Leaf—diaphoretic, stim

  • Page 512:

    The tubers yield two phenanthrene

  • Page 516:

    Euphorbia dracunculoides

  • Page 520:

    Euphorbia pilosa Linn.

  • Page 524:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Aakshiki (non-classic

  • Page 528:

    Habitat ◮ The coastal and tidal

  • Page 532:

    260 Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.

  • Page 536:

    262 Ferula galbaniflua Boiss. ex Bu

  • Page 540:

    264 Ficus asperrima Roxb.

  • Page 544:

    266 Ficus cunia Buch.-Ham.

  • Page 548:

    268 Ficus racemosa Linn.

  • Page 552:

    270 Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Rae

  • Page 556:

    272 Fraxinus griffithii Clarke.

  • Page 560:

    274 Fumaria officinalis Linn.

  • Page 564:

    Galium aparine Linn.

  • Page 568:

    English ◮ Kokam Butter tree,

  • Page 572:

    Gardenia gummifera Linn. f.

  • Page 576:

    The leaves and stem bark contain

  • Page 580:

    Geranium nepalense Sweet.

  • Page 584:

    Girardinia heterophylla Decne.

  • Page 588:

    Soybean is rich in protein, oil and

  • Page 592:

    charges from ulcers. Root—

  • Page 596:

    Habitat ◮ Native to South America

  • Page 600:

    heartwood gave beta-sitosterol. Que

  • Page 604:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Pundraaksha, Rudraaks

  • Page 608:

    The leaves contain celacinnine, alp

  • Page 612:

    Habenaria edgeworthii

  • Page 616:

    English ◮ Nepal Ivy.

  • Page 620:

    Extracted oil from dehulled seeds

  • Page 624:

    Key application ◮ Smilax sp.—in

  • Page 628:

    from the root and leaves is prescri

  • Page 632:

    Siddha/Tamil ◮ Sivappu Kashmakki,

  • Page 636:

    simine and isoconessimine, and the

  • Page 640:

    Habitat ◮ Native to China. Now

  • Page 644:

    Family ◮ Flacourtiaceae.

  • Page 648:

    Habitat ◮ Native to Europe and As

  • Page 652:

    Action ◮ Stimulant, carminative,

  • Page 656:

    324 Ilex paraguariensis St.-Hil.

  • Page 660:

    326 Imperata cylindrica Rausch.

  • Page 664:

    328 Indigofera tinctoria Linn.

  • Page 668:

    330 Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.

  • Page 672:

    332 Ipomoea hederacea (L.) Jacq.

  • Page 676:

    334 Ipomoea petaloidea Choisy.

  • Page 680:

    336 Iris ensata Thunb.

  • Page 684:

    338 Ixora coccinea Linn.

  • Page 688:

    Jacaranda acutifolia

  • Page 692:

    Action ◮ Flower—astringent, car

  • Page 696:

    Siddha/Tamil ◮ Kolumbu.

  • Page 700:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Akshoda, Akshodaka,

  • Page 704:

    Juniperus virginiana Linn.

  • Page 708:

    Kadsura heteroclita

  • Page 712:

    The methanolic extract of leaves ex

  • Page 716:

    The roots contain kaempferol, querc

  • Page 720:

    Lactuca runcinata DC.

  • Page 724:

    Family ◮ Lythraceae.

  • Page 728:

    Laminum amplexicaule Linn.

  • Page 732:

    European Larch is equated with Lari

  • Page 736:

    English ◮ Lavender.

  • Page 740:

    Folk ◮ Surapadi (Telugu).

  • Page 744:

    The plant contains diterpene bitter

  • Page 748:

    is equated with Orris Root and

  • Page 752:

    Folk ◮ Tumbaa, Guumaa.

  • Page 756:

    Family ◮ Menyanthaceae.

  • Page 760:

    Habitat ◮ Cultivated mainly in

  • Page 764:

    English ◮ Storax, Oriental Sweet

  • Page 768:

    Litsea stocksii Hook. f.

  • Page 772:

    level in diabetic patients (the eff

  • Page 776:

    catarrh as well as sinusitis and su

  • Page 780:

    The fruit contain beta-carotene (8

  • Page 784:

    Action ◮ Plant—expectorant. Roo

  • Page 788:

    M 392 Madhuca longifolia (Koen.) Ma

  • Page 792:

    M 394 Malpighia glabra Linn.

  • Page 796:

    M 396 Mandragora autumnalis Spreng.

  • Page 800:

    M 398 Maranta arundinacea Linn.

  • Page 804:

    M 400 Matricaria chamomilla Linn.

  • Page 808:

    M 402 Melaleuca leucadendron Linn.

  • Page 812:

    M 404 Melia composita Willd.

  • Page 816:

    M 406 Melissa officinalis Linn.

  • Page 820:

    M 408 Mentha aquatica Linn.

  • Page 824:

    M 410 Menyanthes trifoliata Linn.

  • Page 828:

    M 412 Meyna laxiflora Robyns.

  • Page 832:

    M 414 Micromeria capitellata Benth.

  • Page 836:

    M 416 Mimosa pudica Linn.

  • Page 840:

    M 418 Mollugo spergula Linn.

  • Page 844:

    M 420 Momordica cochinchinensis Spr

  • Page 848:

    M 422 Moringa concanensis Nimmo ex

  • Page 852:

    M 424 Mucuna monosperma DC.

  • Page 856:

    M 426 Musa paradisiaca Linn.

  • Page 860:

    M 428 Myrica nagi Hook. f. non-Thun

  • Page 864:

    M 430 Myrsine africana Linn.

  • Page 868:

    Naravelia zeylanica (Linn.) DC.

  • Page 872:

    Family ◮ Cruciferae; Brassicaceae

  • Page 876:

    activities. (In Indian medicine, th

  • Page 880:

    The plant contains nicotine as the

  • Page 884:

    cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) in expe

  • Page 888:

    Ochna jabotapita Linn.

  • Page 892:

    given 30 g seed/day for 1 month, lo

  • Page 896:

    (0.4%) at full bloom stage and high

  • Page 900:

    cough, bronchial affections; insomn

  • Page 904:

    Opuntia cochinellifera Mill.

  • Page 908:

    Action ◮ Emmenagogue, antispasmod

  • Page 912:

    Action ◮ Rice-water (a water

  • Page 916:

    Habitat ◮ Temperate Himalayas

  • Page 920:

    Paederia foetida Linn.

  • Page 924:

    duce vascular resistance and improv

  • Page 928:

    seed oil is also free from narcotic

  • Page 932:

    Action ◮ Bark and twigs—astring

  • Page 936:

    The root contains an alkaloid passi

  • Page 940:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Brihatgokshura,

  • Page 944:

    English ◮ Copper Pod, Rusty

  • Page 948:

    Folk ◮ Bhanjeer, Ban-tulasi, Banj

  • Page 952:

    Habitat ◮ Native to America;

  • Page 956:

    Unani ◮ Urd-Siyaah.

  • Page 960:

    and Unani compositions, contains pr

  • Page 964:

    The plant contains flavone glycosid

  • Page 968:

    The leaf and stem gave flavonoids

  • Page 972:

    perfumes and cosmetics. The needles

  • Page 976:

    English ◮ Anise, Aniseed.

  • Page 980:

    and in rubefacients for rheumatism

  • Page 984:

    The ground fruits have been found

  • Page 988:

    Habitat ◮ Assam and Bengal.

  • Page 992:

    Action ◮ Resin—carminative,

  • Page 996:

    Action ◮ Bark—anti-inflammatory

  • Page 1000:

    galacturonic acid; rhamnose and gal

  • Page 1004:

    sanol, triacontanol, stigmasterol a

  • Page 1008:

    Action ◮ Root bark—used in

  • Page 1012:

    Pogostemon patchoulis

  • Page 1016:

    myricitrin and rutin. A triterpenic

  • Page 1020:

    Key application ◮ In mild catarrh

  • Page 1024:

    Action ◮ Expectorant, laxative,

  • Page 1028:

    The bud exudate contains dimethylca

  • Page 1032:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Bajradanti (Kumaon

  • Page 1036:

    Ayurvedic ◮ Agnimanth (var.).

  • Page 1040:

    in Himachal Pradesh and Uttar

  • Page 1044:

    diseases. As a tonic for promoting

  • Page 1048:

    than sunflower, groundnut, olive, s

  • Page 1052:

    Kino is powerfully astringent. The

  • Page 1056:

    dhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala

  • Page 1060:

    tively. An additional glucoside, gl

  • Page 1064:

    Quassia indica Nooteboom.

  • Page 1068:

    Habitat ◮ Indigenous to Chile

  • Page 1072:

    536 Randia uliginosa DC.

  • Page 1076:

    538 Rauvolfia serpentina Benth. ex

  • Page 1080:

    540 Reinwardtia indica Dum.

  • Page 1084:

    542 Rhamnus virgatus Roxb.

  • Page 1088:

    544 Rheum nobile Hook. f. & Th.

  • Page 1092:

    546 Rhizophora mucronata Lam.

  • Page 1096:

    548 Rhododendron cinnabarinum Hook.

  • Page 1100:

    550 Rhynchosia minima (L.) DC.

  • Page 1104:

    552 Rivea corymbosa Hallier f.

  • Page 1108:

    554 Rosa bourboniana Desportes.

  • Page 1112:

    556 Rosa moschata Hook. f. non-Mill

  • Page 1116:

    558 Rotula aquatica Lour.

  • Page 1120:

    560 Rubia tinctorum Linn.

  • Page 1124:

    562 Rumex acetosa Linn.

  • Page 1128:

    564 Rumex scutatus Linn.

  • Page 1132:

    566 Ruta graveolens Linn.

  • Page 1136:

    568 Saccharum spontaneum Linn.

  • Page 1140:

    570 Salacia oblonga Wall. ex Wight

  • Page 1144:

    572 Salix fragilis Linn

  • Page 1148:

    574 Salsola kali Linn.

  • Page 1152:

    576 Salvia moorcroftiana Wall. ex B

  • Page 1156:

    578 Sambucus nigra Linn.

  • Page 1160:

    580 Santolina chamaecyparissus Linn

  • Page 1164:

    582 Saponaria officinalis Linn.

  • Page 1168:

    584 Sarcostemma brevistigma W. & A.

  • Page 1172:

    586 Saussurea gossypiphora D. Don.

  • Page 1176:

    588 Scaevola frutescens auct. non-K

  • Page 1180:

    590 Scilla indica Baker non-Roxb.

  • Page 1184:

    592 Scoparia dulcis Linn.

  • Page 1188:

    594 Sebastiana chamaelea Muell.-Arg

  • Page 1192:

    596 Selinum monnieri Linn.

  • Page 1196:

    598 Sempervivum tectorum Linn.

  • Page 1200:

    600 Sesbania bispinosa W. f. Wight.

  • Page 1204:

    602 Setaria italica (Linn.) Beauv.

  • Page 1208:

    604 Sida rhombifolia Linn.

  • Page 1212:

    606 Siegesbeckia orientalis Linn.

  • Page 1216:

    608 Smilax aspera Linn.

  • Page 1220:

    610 Solanum albicaule Kotschy ex Du

  • Page 1224:

    612 Solanum indicum Linn.

  • Page 1228:

    614 Solanum spirale Roxb.

  • Page 1232:

    616 Sonchus arvensis Linn.

  • Page 1236:

    618 Sophora tomentosa Linn.

  • Page 1240:

    620 Spergularia rubra (Linn.)J.Pers

  • Page 1244:

    622 Spilanthes oleracea Murr.

  • Page 1248:

    624 Stellaria aquatica (L.) Scop.

  • Page 1252:

    626 Stereospermum personatum (Hassk

  • Page 1256:

    628 Strobilanthes callosus Nees.

  • Page 1260:

    630 Strychnos potatorum Linn.f.

  • Page 1264:

    632 Swertia chirayita (Roxb. ex Fle

  • Page 1268:

    634 Symphorema involucratum Roxb.

  • Page 1272:

    636 Syringa vulgaris Linn.

  • Page 1276:

    638 Syzygium hemisphericum (Wt.) Al

  • Page 1280:

    640 Syzygium zeylanicum (Linn.) DC.

  • Page 1284:

    642 Tacca aspera Roxb.

  • Page 1288:

    644 Tamarix aphylla (Linn.) Karst.

  • Page 1292:

    646 Taraktogenos kurzii King.

  • Page 1296:

    648 Taxus baccata Linn.

  • Page 1300:

    650 Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers.

  • Page 1304:

    652 Terminalia bellirica Roxb.

  • Page 1308:

    654 Terminalia citrina Roxb. ex Fle

  • Page 1312:

    656 Tetracera indica Merrill.

  • Page 1316:

    658 Themeda arundinacea (Roxb.) Rid

  • Page 1320:

    660 Thlaspi arvense Linn.

  • Page 1324:

    662 Tiliacora acuminata (Lam.)HK.f.

  • Page 1328:

    664 Torenia travancorica Gamble.

  • Page 1332:

    666 Tragia involucrata Linn.

  • Page 1336:

    668 Trianthema decandra Linn.

  • Page 1340:

    670 Trichodesma indicum R. Br.

  • Page 1344:

    672 Trichosanthes cordata Roxb.

  • Page 1348:

    674 Trifolium pratense Linn.

  • Page 1352:

    676 Trigonella uncata Boiss.

  • Page 1356:

    678 Turnera ulmifolia Linn.

  • Page 1360:

    680 Tylophora tenuis Blume

  • Page 1364:

    Ulmus wallichiana Planch.

  • Page 1368:

    Siddha/Tamil ◮ Oripai.

  • Page 1372:

    stages I and II. (German Commission

  • Page 1376:

    Siddha/Tamil ◮ Pulichan.

  • Page 1380:

    V 692 Valeriana hardwickii Wall.

  • Page 1384:

    V 694 Valeriana wallichii DC.

  • Page 1388:

    V 696 Vandellia pedunculata Benth.

  • Page 1392:

    V 698 Vepris bilocularis (Wight & A

  • Page 1396:

    V 700 Vernonia javanica DC.

  • Page 1400:

    V 702 Viburnum cotinifolium D. Don.

  • Page 1404:

    V 704 Victoria regia Lindl.

  • Page 1408:

    V 706 Viola biflora Linn.

  • Page 1412:

    V 708 Viscum articulatum Burm.

  • Page 1416:

    V 710 Vitex leucoxylon Linn. f.

  • Page 1420:

    V 712 Vocanga foetida (Blume) Rolfe

  • Page 1424:

    Wagatea spicata Dalz.

  • Page 1428:

    Wendlandia exserta DC.

  • Page 1432:

    Withania coagulans Dunal.

  • Page 1436:

    Habitat ◮ Punjab, Rajasthan, Biha

  • Page 1440:

    X 724 Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub.

  • Page 1444:

    Yucca aloifolia Linn.

  • Page 1448:

    Zamia angustifolia Jacq.

  • Page 1452:

    The bark contains alkaloids gammafa

  • Page 1456:

    Zehneria umbellata Thw.

  • Page 1460:

    Habitat ◮ Throughout India from t

  • Page 1464:

    and amphibine H. The leaves contain

  • Page 1468:

    An acylated glycoside was isolated

  • Page 1472:

    742 Appendix

  • Page 1476:

    Commission E, ESCOP, WHO,

  • Page 1480:

    Divergent Plant Sources of Importan

  • Page 1484:

    Important Herbs of Non-Indian Origi

  • Page 1488:

    BOTANICAL

  • Page 1492:

    BOTANICAL

  • Page 1496:

    BOTANICAL

  • Page 1500:

    BOTANICAL

  • Page 1504:

    760 Appendix

  • Page 1508:

    762 Appendix

  • Page 1512:

    764 Appendix

  • Page 1516:

    766 Appendix

  • Page 1520:

    768 Appendix

  • Page 1524:

    Internet Resources of Herbal Medici

  • Page 1528:

    Bibliography

  • Page 1532:

    Bibliography 775

  • Page 1536:

    Botanical Names

  • Page 1540:

    Aloe littoralis 36

  • Page 1544:

    Baliospermum montanum 78, 180, 346

  • Page 1548:

    Careya arborea 122

  • Page 1552:

    Commiphora 168

  • Page 1556:

    Dillenia speciosa 214

  • Page 1560:

    Euphorbia indica 252

  • Page 1564:

    Gouania leptostachya 293

  • Page 1568:

    Ipomoea sepiaria 335

  • Page 1572:

    Lepidium iberis 369

  • Page 1576:

    Memecylon umbellatum 407

  • Page 1580:

    Ophelia chirata 632

  • Page 1584:

    Piper longum 15, 490, 491

  • Page 1588:

    Randia uliginosa 536

  • Page 1592:

    Sambucus ebulus 577

  • Page 1596:

    Sophora japonica 617

  • Page 1600:

    Theobroma cacao 246, 658

  • Page 1604:

    Viburnum grandiflorum 702

  • Page 1608:

    Crude Herb Identification Guide

  • Page 1612:

    Alpinia galanga rhizome (Himalaya)

  • Page 1616:

    Azadirachta indica dried leaf (Hima

  • Page 1620:

    Callicarpa macrophylla

  • Page 1624:

    Centella asiatica leaf

  • Page 1628:

    Coptis teeta rhizome (Hamdard) Cori

  • Page 1632:

    Dioscorea bulbifera tuber sections

  • Page 1636:

    Ficus religiosa plant parts (CCRAS)

  • Page 1640:

    Inula racemosa root (Dabur)

  • Page 1644:

    Marsdenia tenacissima root (WHO/PLI

  • Page 1648:

    Operculina turpethum root (Dabur) O

  • Page 1652:

    Polygonum bistorata root stock (Ham

  • Page 1656:

    Rheum emodi exudate lump (WHO/PLIM)

  • Page 1660:

    Semecarpus anacardium

  • Page 1664:

    Terminalia bellirica seeds (CCRAS)

  • Page 1668:

    Viola odorata flower (Hamdard)

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