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# A MATHEMATICA REPRESENTATION OF SOME ... - Neil Strickland

A MATHEMATICA REPRESENTATION OF SOME ... - Neil Strickland

## 6 N. P. STRICKLANDfor x

A MATHEMATICA REPRESENTATION OF SOME UNSTABLE HOMOTOPY GROUPS OF SPHERES 7Corollary 3. P (ν 5 ◦ σ 8 ) = ±η 2 ◦ ɛ ′ .Proof. We have an exact sequenceπ 3 15H−→ π 5 15We know from [3, Theorems 7.6, 7.3 and 7.4] thatFor the maps, we haveP−→ π 2 13Σ−→ π 3 14.π 3 15 = Z 2 (ν ′ ◦ µ 6 ) ⊕ Z 2 (ν ′ ◦ η 6 ◦ ɛ 7 )π 5 15 = Z 2 (η 5 ◦ µ 6 ) ⊕ Z 8 (ν 5 ◦ σ 8 )π 2 13 = Z 4 (η 2 ◦ ɛ ′ ) ⊕ Z 2 (η 2 ◦ η 3 ◦ µ 4 )π 3 14 = Z 4 µ ′ ⊕ Z 2 (ɛ 3 ◦ ν 11 ) ⊕ Z 2 (ν ′ ◦ ɛ 6 ).H(ν ′ ◦ µ 6 ) = η 5 ◦ µ 6H(ν ′ ◦ η 6 ◦ ɛ 7 ) = 4(ν 5 ◦ σ 8 )Σ(η 2 ◦ ɛ ′ ) = 0Σ(η 2 ◦ η 3 ◦ µ 4 ) = 2µ ′(The first two equations are from [3, Bottom of page 75], the third is Proposition 2 above, andthe fourth is [3, Equations 7.7].) It follows thatcok(H) = Z 4 (ν 5 ◦ σ 8 )ker(Σ) = Z 4 (η 2 ◦ ɛ ′ ).The EHP sequence tells us that P must induce an isomorphism between these groups, so P (ν 5 ◦σ 8 ) = ±η 2 ◦ ɛ ′ as claimed.□Proposition 4. P (σ ′ ) = 0Proof. We have σ ′ ∈ π 7 14, and there is an exact sequenceπ147 P−→ π123 Σ−→ π13.4It will therefore suffice to show that the map Σ is injective. This can be read off from [3, Theorem7.2]. □Proposition 5. H(η 2 ◦ ɛ 3 ) = ɛ 3 .Proof. We have an exact sequence0 = π 1 10E−→ π 2 11H−→ π 3 11P−→ π 1 9 = 0,so the map H is an isomorphism. By [3, Theorems 7.2 and 7.1] we have π11 2 = Z 2 (η 2 ◦ ɛ 3 ) andπ11 3 = Z 2 ɛ 3 . The claim follows.□Proposition 6. P (ν 7 ) = 0Proof. It will of course be enough to show that the whole map P : π15 7 −→ π13 3 is zero, or equivalently,that the map Σ: π13 3 −→ π14 4 is injective. This can be read off directly from [3, Theorem 7.3]. □Proposition 7. P (σ 9 ) = k(ν 4 ◦ σ ′ ± Σɛ ′ ) for some odd k.Proof. As π 9 16 = Z 16 σ 9 , it will suffice to show that ν 4 ◦σ ′ ±Σɛ ′ generates the kernel of Σ: π 4 14 −→ π 5 15.The groups are given in [3, Theorem 7.3] asπ 4 14 = Z 8 (ν 4 ◦ σ ′ ) ⊕ Z 4 Σɛ ′ ⊕ Z 2 (η 4 ◦ µ 5 )π 5 15 = Z 8 (ν 5 ◦ σ 8 ) ⊕ Z 2 (η 5 ◦ µ 6 ).From the definitions we have Σ(η 4 ◦ µ 5 ) = η 5 ◦ µ 6 . We also know from [3, Equations 7.10 and 7.16]that Σ 2 ɛ ′ = ±2ν 5 ◦ σ 8 = Σ(ν 4 ◦ σ ′ ). The claim follows.□Proposition 8. (2η 2 ) ◦ ɛ 3 = 0 and (2η 2 ) ◦ µ 3 = 0.

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