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This edition of the International Journal of Asia Pacific Studies ...

This edition of the International Journal of Asia Pacific Studies ...

IJAPS, Vol. 4, No. 1

IJAPS, Vol. 4, No. 1 (May 2008)Peter Kell & Gillian Voglstudents, Harwood identifies a shift in identity, aspirations as their valuesand attitudes change. Harwood's analysis identifies the nature of theexperience as being characterised by negotiating risk as the participants seekto negotiate new identities and priorities away from the conditioning of theirown communities. Harwood sees this as a process of achieving adulthoodand suggests that this process sees interplay between agency and structure.This contribution also introduces the work of Ulrike Beck as a methodologicalframework to approach the issue of global student mobility.Ulrike Beck's notion of the risk society is also explored by Peter Kelland Gillian Vogl in their contribution entitled Transnational education: Thepolitics of mobility, migration and the well-being of international students.This contribution argues that new theoretical approaches are needed toappreciate and incorporate the vulnerability of the international students inmanner that incorporates the structural and political inequalities thatinternational students are subject to. Using Beck, they argue that there is areflexive quality around global student mobility that sees a growndistribution of what Beck calls "bad". These are some of the alienating andexploitative experiences endured by international students that are describedby earlier contributions and Kell and Vogl (2007b) in other work. Theyargue using Beck and Beck-Gernsheim (2001) that there is a fragmentingand isolating quality in the commodified lives that students lead and thismakes affiliation and sense of belonging difficult to achieve. Using the Beckand Beck-Gernsheim (2001), they argue for the development of new sets offriendships and affiliations that engage people differently and enable acollective approach to resolving issues and dilemmas for students (Pahl1998). This proposes an active global citizenship with a new sense of globalcosmopolitanisms.This edition, like the forum, has also sought to develop a more criticalperspective of the topic of global student mobility than orthodox points ofanalysis. As mentioned earlier, the experience of students and the context inwhich this experience developed is explored in a limited and benign way.An orthodox analysis sees global student mobility in instrumental andimmutable terms and does not recognise the agency of students andacademics. The contributions in this volume recognise the tensions anddilemmas, and the way in which international students, academic staff anduniversity administrators are seeking to work at the interstices to changeattitudes and practices. The contributions argue for a more collaborative andinclusive approach where reciprocity, exchange and collective effortstowards mutual goals are attained. They challenge the assumptions that themarket will deliver outcomes and resolve the tensions described in thesecontributions. This notion of agency is an important starting point inxvi

IJAPS, Vol. 4, No. 1 (May 2008)Editorialattempts to reinterpret and reshape global student mobility and propose newways of responding to global student mobility. These contributions seek toscan the terrain of internationalisation reinterpret, challenge assumptionsand propose future opportunities. These contributions have set thegroundwork for this and a future volume of the Asia Pacific Research Unit-USM editions will continue this work with international contributions onhow research and practice can be linked towards transformativeimprovements in global student mobility.REFERENCESAltbach, P. 2004. Globalisation and the university: Myths and realities in anunequal world. Tertiary Management 1, 1–20.Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). 2007. Article: International students inAustralia. Catalogue No. 4102.0. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.Badat, S. 2007. The movement of students from the south to the north in theepoch of global higher education: Towards the prioritisation of thedevelopment of higher education in the south. Knowledge and relevanthuman resource development, Global Higher Education Forum (GHEF)Malaysia, 6–7 November 2007.Beck, U. 2006. Living in the world risk society. Economy and Society 35(3), 329–345.Beck, U. and Beck-Gernsheim, E. 2001. Individualization. London: Sage.Devros, A. 2003. Academic standards, internationalisation and the discursiveconstruction of the international student. Higher Education Research andDevelopment 22(2), 155.Hatakenaka, S. 2004. Internationalisation in higher education. London: HigherEducation Policy Institute.Kell, P.M., Shore, S. and Singh, M. (Eds.). 2005. Adult education at 21 st century.New York: Peter Lang.Kell, P.M. and Vogl, G. 2006. Working with global English: The experience ofEnglish language teachers in a university language college. Journal ofLanguage Teaching, Linguistics and Literature 11, 121–135.. 2007a. Internationalisation, national development and markets: Keydilemmas for leadership in higher education in Australia. In P.M. Kell andG. Vogl (Eds.). Higher education in the Asia Pacific: Challenges of thefuture. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars, 12–29.. 2007b. English isn't English: The experience of international students inAustralia encountering global English in the global university In P.M. Kelland G. Vogl (Eds.). Higher education in the Asia Pacific: Challenges of thefuture. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars, 201–222.xvii

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