Senate threatens ‘strike’ over pending re-run polls


Vanguard Newspaper 3rd November, 2016

APC hasn't managed victory well — OKOROCHA

....As govs intervene on party crisis, say nobody can bully Oyegun out



Oil producing communities issue 5-point demand to FG >>13

...towards a better life for the people

VOL. 25: NO. 63150





Senate threatens ‘strike’

over pending re-run polls

•Gives INEC Dec 10 deadline to conduct outstanding polls in Rivers

•Says INEC’s action endangering democracy; Senate is right – Afenifere

•We‘ll conduct elections before December 15 — INEC

•Don’t shut down govt, Wabara, Ita-Giwa tell Senate

FOR THE SULTAN—From left: Gov. Aminu Tambuwal of Sokoto State; Sultan of Sokoto, Alhaji Sa'ad Abubakar III; Emir of

Kano, Alhaji Muhammad Sanusi II; and former governor of Sokoto State, Sen. Aliyu Wamakko, at the distribution of Zakkat and

endowment items as part of activities to mark the 10th Year Anniversary of the Sultan in Sokoto, yesterday. Photo: NAN.

FG appoints transaction adviser

on new national carrier


Demolition in Lagos: Shop owner

dies, another suffers miscarriage •P.7

By Henry Umoru,

Dapo Akinrefon,

Charles Kumolu &

Omeiza Ajayi


S e n a t e ,

yesterday, threatened to

suspend plenary

sessions if the

Independent National

Electoral Commission,

INEC, fails to conduct

all pending re-run

elections into legislative

positions in Rivers State.

This followed the

unanimous adoption of a

Continues on Page 4



rise to




Mr & Mrs

Now that Abati

is on the menu



Why thieves

pick on Pension

funds •P.31

Rivers State's

forgotten re-run

elections •P.31


Court convicts

4 firms, reserves



2 — Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016

Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016—3

:Vanguard News :@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058




Dangote on



By Sebastine Obasi



companies, (DISCOs),

under the aegis of

Association of Nigerian

Electricity Distributors,

ANED, yesterday, said

though they might not

have performed as

expected due to the

enormous challenges in

the sector, government

should not reverse the

privatisation of the

generation and

distribution companies.

ANED’s Executive

Director, Research and

Advocacy, Sunday

Oduntan, while reacting

to the assertion by

businessman, Aliko

Dangote, that the

investors “went in

without even

understanding what they

were doing…”, said it

would be difficult for

anyone to suggest that

people, seasoned and

successful investors,

who committed $2.3

billion of their money, 30

percent or $690,000,000

of which is equity, did so

without knowing what

they were doing.

He stated: “We have

done a lot, but we have

not done enough. We are

not happy where we are.

There is no way you can

correct the anomaly of

63 years in just three


“If the GENCOs

(Electricity Generating

Companies) and

DISCOs investors are to

be accused of anything,

it is that they believed in

their country and had a

strong desire to put their

money at risk behind that

belief, rather than those

who may be considered

nothing more than

armchair experts, with a

reluctance to dip their

toes in the water.

“In fairness, we note

that Alhaji Dangote’s

company did put in a bid

during the privatisation,

but his bid was delivered

late, after the bid

deadline, and was

rejected. Interestingly,

it was a privatisation

that was universally

deemed to be one of the

fairest and most

transparent exercise of

its kind."

Senate's move to allow substitution of dead gov,

presidential candidate in polls deadlocked

By Henry Umoru &

Joseph Erunke


the Senate yesterday to

amend the Electoral Act 2010 to

provide for the substitution of a

dead governorship or

presidential candidate before

the announcement of result with

the first runner-up in the party

primary, suffered a major setback

as it ended in a deadlock.

Deliberating on the report of

the Senate Committee on the

Independent National Electoral

Commission, INEC, on a Bill for

an Act to Amend the Electoral

Act No. 6, 2010 and for other

related matters, (S.B.231 and

S.B.234), the Senate decided to

suspend further discussions on

it as it was inconclusive and

against the backdrop of some

controversial causes.

In his presentation, Chairman,

Senate Committee on INEC,

Senator Abubakar Kyari, APC,

Borno North, said amendment

to the Electoral Act became

important because Nigerians

wanted a situation where the 8th

Senate would come up with a

modern and better electoral law

altogether and one that would

deliver credible electoral

outcomes through sustainable

processes, consistent with global

best practices.

Senate’s amendment of the Act

was designed to put an end to a

repeat of the crisis which came

up following the death of the

governorship candidate of All

Progressives Congress, APC,

Abubakar Audu, during the

November 2015 governorship

election in Kogi State.

It was a move by the Senate to

solve all the problems that may

come up from the death of a

presidential or governorship


The resolution to suspend

amendment of the Electoral Act

along this line was arrived at,

due to the contentious nature

which debate on the matter

could assume when subject to


The Senate was dissatisfied

with the recommendations of the

panel which focused on the

mode of substituting dead

FG approves take-off of 8 new private universities

By Levinus Nwabughiogu



Government yesterday

gave its nod to the take-off of

eight new private universities in


This was sequel to a memo

approved by the National

Universities Commission, NUC,

and presented to the Federal

Executive Council, FEC, by the

Federal Ministry of Education

in Abuja, yesterday.

With this development, the

number of universities in

Nigeria has increased from 143

to 151, while the number of

private universities has risen to

69 from 61.

The eight universities and

their promoters include Anchor

University, Ayobo, Lagos, owned

by Deeper Christian Life

Ministry; Arthur Jarvis

University, Akpabuyo, Cross

River, engineered by the Clitter

House Nigeria Limited; Clifford

University, Owerrinta, Abia,

owned by Seventh Day

Adventist Church; Coal City

University, Enugu, operated by

African Thinkers Community of

Inquiry College of Education,

Enugu; Crown-Hill University,

Eiyenkorin, Kwara, floated by

Modern Morgy and Sons

Limited; Dominican University,

Ibadan, the brainchild of Order

of Preachers, Nigerian

Dominican Community; Kola

Daisi University, Ibadan came

from Kola Daisi Foundation and

Legacy University, Okija, an idea

of The Good Idea Education


Briefing State House

correspondents at the end of the

meeting presided over by

President Muhammadu Buhari

at the Presidential Villa, Abuja,

the Minister of State for

Education, Professor Anthony

Anwuka, said the reason for the

approval was to give the

teeming youths the opportunity

to acquire university education

Anwuka, who was joined by

$29.9bn loan: Buhari’ll re-present request —Lai Mohammed

By Levinus Nwabughiogu


Muhammadu Buhari will

reapply for approval of the

Senate on request to borrow

$29.9 billion, the Minister of

Information, Alhaji Lai

Muhammed, has said.

It will be recalled that the first

request of the President to the

National Assembly for external

candidates and it became

imperative to refer the report

back for further legislative input.

The amendment, which is

among several amendments

being carried out on the

Electoral Act 2010, is meant to

amend Section 36 of the

Electoral Act “by inserting a

new sub-section ‘3’ which

provides for the substitution of

a candidate of a political party

who dies before the declaration

of the result of an election with

the first runner up in the party’s

primaries, which was won by

the deceased candidate.”

Section 3 states that “If after

•Appoints UNILAG, UNN, UNICAL, others as mentors

his counterparts in Aviation,

Hadi Sirika, and Information,

Alhaji Lai Mohammed, said:

“The Ministry of Education

submitted a memo to Council

this morning seeking approval

for eight private universities as

recommended by NUC after

very serious comprehensive

and exhaustive compliance to

the conditions that warrant such


Anwuka said the new

universities would be

supervised by the older

universities within their zone

for a period of three years to

assist them put necessary

infrastructure in place, adding

that the supervision was in sync

with the law.

borrowing to fund critical

infrastructural projects in the

country between 2016 and 2018

was turned down by the Senate

on Tuesday.

Briefing State House

correspondents at the end of

meeting of the Federal

Executive Council, FEC,

yesterday in Abuja,

Mohammed said what

the commencement of poll and

before the announcement of the

final result and declaration of a

winner, a nominated candidate

dies, the chief National Electoral

Commissioner shall, satisfied of

the fact of the death, proceed with

the election after allowing the

political party whose candidate

died, to substitute the late

candidate with the person who

scored the next highest number

of lawful votes in the primaries,

which was won by the deceased

candidate, as if the substituted

person was the candidate

originally nominated by that


WORKING TOUR: Third left (front row): Justice Binta Fatima Nyako of the Federal High Court,

Abuja; next to her right is Ms. Maria Svensson, Director, Customer Care, Globacom, and Justice

Adama Iyayi-Lamikanra, Chief Judge of River State. Behind Svensson is Executive Director,

Globacom, Mr. Adewale Sangowawa, with officials of the Nigerian Communications Commission,

(NCC) and Globacom, during a working tour of Globacom’s Customer Care facilities at Ahmadu

Bello Way , Victoria Island Lagos. The tour was put together by the NCC as part of the Workshop

entitled Legal Issues in Telecommunications it organized for the National Judicial Institute, Abuja.

He said: “While approving these

universities for licensing

provisionally for three years, the

Universities should be mentored

by some existing older

Universities in Nigeria. And those

will include: Anchor University

will be mentored by University of

Lagos, Akoka; Arthur Jarvis

University will be mentored by

University of Calabar; Cliffored

will be mentored by University of

Agriculture, Umudike; Coal City

University will be mentored by

University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

“Crown-Hill University will be

mentored by University of Ilorin.

Dominican University will be

mentored by University of

Ibadan. Kola Daisi University

will mentored by University of

Ibadan. Legacy University will be

mentored by Nnamdi Azikiwe

University, Awka."

frustrated the approval was lack

of detailed information.

He said the government would

provide the necessary information

which the Senate needed for the


He said the disagreement

between the legislative and

executive arms of government was

not unusual, adding that it was in

the interest of Nigerians.

4—Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016


PROTEST RALLY—The members of Civil Society Coalition for Good Governance, led by

Convener, Mr. Adeola Ilori, on a rally against Department of State Services, DSS, on recent clampdown

on judges in Nigeria, with theme: "War on Corruption Through Due Process", yesterday, in Lagos.

Photo: Bunmi Azeez.

Senate threatens ‘strike’ over

pending re-run polls

Continues from page 1

motion under matters of

urgent public importance

sponsored by Deputy

President of the Senate,



Ekweremadu, PDP,

Enugu East and Senate

Leader, Senator

Mohammed Ali Ndume,

APC, Borno South.

Moving the motion,

Senator Ekweremadu

said INEC’s failure to

conduct the re-run

elections in Rivers State,

within the time frame

ordered by the

respective Election

Petition Tribunals/Courts,

was in total breach of the

Electoral Act and Section

76 of the 1999

Constitution, wich stated

that “Election to each

House of the National

Assembly shall be held

by the Independent

National Electoral

Commission at such time

as may be prescribed by

an Act of the National


He added that the

action of the electoral

umpire in Rivers State

was endangering the

nation’s democracy.

The Senate’s threat

elicited concern from

former Senate President,

Chief Adolphus Wabara

and Senator Florence Ita-


BY AYO ADIO - 08104802192

IF you can be at peace with who you are, then

what you seek to become will become

unstoppable. It's up to you.


BY ELLA RANDLE- O8084919482

"Gratitude the key to more abundance"

WHEN we pay attention, life brings to us

answers in unexpected ways. Often it's a

reminder of Divine presence and protection, in

everyday routine as we go about our activities.

Maybe, it's just a quiet early morning walk or that

moment after your prayers. Then comes a feeling of

calm and a knowing that you are in good hands…just

being grateful for that moment in the rising sun and

for many small miracles that are continually affirmed

in our paths; for the universe is conspiring to being

us, all these blessings of awareness. We only have

to stay open to recieve it.


The chicken says it roosts early, not because

it is no longer hungry, but because the night

has come.

Giwa, who urged the

lawmakers not to shut

down government but

rather should carry out

their oversight functions.

Speaking with

Vanguard, Senior

Special Assistant to the

President on National

Assembly Matters,

Senate, Senator Ita

Enang, said: “ It will not

be fair for me to talk on

the matter that involves

INEC. It is an

independent body and I

am sure that it will take

a decision within the

stipulated time.”

However, INEC said,

yesterday, that it would

conduct the pending

elections before the

middle of next month.

On Tuesday, the House

of Representatives gave

marching orders to the

electoral umpire to

conduct the elections

because it was denying

affected states legislative


In the motion, the

sponsors resolved to

“call on the Independent

National Electoral

Commission (INEC) to

conduct all outstanding

elections in Rivers State

before the end of

November 2016; failing

which the Senate will

suspend plenary till

such a time the said

elections are held and

the people of Rivers State

are represented in the

respective Legislative


It was later amended to

read that the Senate

resolved to “call on the

Independent National

Electoral Commission

(INEC) to conduct all

outstanding elections in

Rivers State not later

than December 10, 2016;

failing which the Senate

will suspend plenary till

such a time the said

elections are held and

the people of Rivers State

are represented in the

respective Legislative




Deputy Senate

President, Ike

Ekweremadu in his

motion titled, “ Nonconduct

of elections in

Rivers State”, said,

Senate “observes that in

spite of her resolution S/

Res/O16/02/16 of 27th

day of September, 2016

calling on lNEC to

immediately conclude all

pending re-run elections

in the country, lNEC has

failed, refused and or

neglected to conduct rerun

elections in Rivers

State into the Senate,

House of Representatives

and State House of


“Also observes further

that the failure of lNEC

to conduct the re-run

elections in Rivers State

within the time frame

ordered by the

respective Election

Petition Tribunals/Courts

is in breach of the

Electoral Act and Section

76 of the 1999

Constitution, thus

endangering the nation’s


“Further observes that

non representation of the

entire people of Rivers

State in the Senate and

some constituencies of

Rivers State in the

House of Representatives

and State House of

Assembly is in breach of

Section 14 (2) (c) of the

1999 Constitution, and

endangers peace and

order in the State.

“Further observes that

failure of lNEC to

conduct election in

Rivers State has

continued to deny the

people of Rivers State

their constitutionally

guaranteed rights to be

represented in the

legislative houses where

laws affecting them are

being made, and has

engendered palpable

anxiety amongst people

of the State.

“Aware that lNEC had

successfully conducted

elections in the North-

East of Nigeria,

especially in the areas

around Sambisa Forest,

in spite of the area




worldwide to be ravaged

by terrorist activities.

“ Also aware that INEC

recently conducted

successful elections in

Edo State even after

security advice from

Police and DSS forced a

rescheduling of the

election date.

“Further aware that

elections were held in

Bayelsa State in spite of

g o v e r n m e n t

acknowledged threat of

militant activities that

necessitated provision of

additional security

personnel in the State

for the elections.”

How can we

discuss PIB


senators from


– Ndume

Contributing to the

motion, Senator Ali

Ndume said: “Imagine

that we are about to

discuss PIB without any

member from Rivers

State. Some of our

colleagues here today

thought that they won

while others believe that

they did not win.

"Let us remember that

any of us could be in that

position. If for whatever

reason, elections were

not conducted in my

state, I would not be here

let alone being the leader

of the Senate. How will I

defend my people?

Imagine the Bill on the

NDDC, how would we

have brought it and

passed it?

"Our colleagues are out

there and it is not their

fault, we have a new

leadership in INEC and

we know the historyinconclusive,

inconclusive suspension

and sometimes

confusion. We have a

capable government and

we must get the voice

from here.”

INEC must be

called to order

– Urhoghide

Senator Matthew

Urhoghide, PDP, Edo

South, who noted that

INEC must be called to

order, said, “what INEC

is doing in Rivers State

is inhuman and the

National Assembly

cannot sit and have this

country tolerate this

treatment. I support this

motion, INEC should be

called to order. This is no

time for favouritism, so I

ask that INEC be called

to order, I believe one

month is too much.”

Also, yesterday, the

Senate asked President

Muhammadu Buhari to,

as a matter of urgency,

appoint a minister from

Continues on page 5

Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016—5

PROGRESSIVE GOVERNORS: From left: National Chairman of All Progressives Congress

(APC), Chief John Odigie-Oyegun; Chairman, Progressive Governors and Imo State Governor, Rochas

Okorocha; with Deputy National Chairman, South-West, Segun Oni, during the Progressive Governors'

meeting with the National Working Committee at the APC National Secretariat in Abuja, yesterday.

Photo: Gbemiga Olamikan.

Senate threatens ‘strike’ over

pending re-run polls – INEC

Continues from page 4

Kogi State to be part of

the Federal Executive


According to the

Senate, the new

ministerial nominee will

replace the late Minister

of State, Labour and

Productivity, James

Ocholi, SAN, who died

in a motor accident in

March 2016 with his wife

and son on the Kaduna-

Abuja road.

The decision of the

senate was sequel to an

added prayer to the

Ekweremadu's motion by

Senator Dino Melaye,

APC, Kogi West.

Senate should

invite whoever is

in charge of


Speaking on the Senate

threat, Senator Adolphus

Wabara, said: "You can’t

shut down the NASS or

the government because

of the perception about

INEC’s competence.

That is not right. What

the NASS is supposed to

do is to perform its

oversight functions

because the NASS is

stronger than INEC.

They should move in and

find out why INEC has

not concluded the

elections. That can be

done by inviting

whoever is in charge of

INEC to brief the Senate

on what could have been

the reasons for the

inconclusive elections.

But saying that you will

shut down the

government because of

INEC’s incompetence is

not right."

It’s not the


thing to do


On her part, former

Presidential Adviser on

National Assembly

Matters, Senator

Florence Ita-Giwa, said:

“Inasmuch as the Senate

has the powers to

suspend plenary over

INEC’s failure to

conduct elections that

were declared

inconclusive, I do not

think it is the appropriate

thing to do. I am aware

that the Senate has its

committee on INEC. I

advise that the

committee invites the

INEC chairman and his

executives and discuss

the matter and come up

with something strategic

that will ensure election

is concluded. If INEC is

hinging their inability on

security challenges, the

state government and the

security chiefs should

meet and proffer

solutions to security so

that the areas with

inconclusive elections

can have their elections

concluded. It has not got

to the stage of

suspending plenary.

Senate should proceed

with their oversight

function by inviting

INEC for a meeting.”

It’s the right



National Publicity

Secretary of Afenifere,

Mr Yinka Odumakin

said: “It is a right

decision by the Senate as

there is no reason those

elections should not

have been held. If we

want to remain under


democracy, there should

be some irreducible

minimums. There is too

much rule of the thumb

in our affairs these


We’ll conduct

polls before

December 15

However, barring

u n f o r e s e e n

circumstances, INEC has

expressed hope of

concluding most of the

outstanding re-run

elections in the Federal

Capital Territory, FCT,

Abuja, Lagos, Rivers and

other states by the

middle of December.

The commission’s

Director in charge of

Publicity, Voter

Education, Civil Society

and Gender Liaison, Mr

Oluwole Osaze-Uzi,

disclosed this in a

telephone interview with

Vanguard, yesterday, in


“All things being equal,

we are looking at

conducting most of them

(elections) by the middle

of December”, he said.

He said the

commission’s timetable

could, however, be

affected by court orders,

explaining that in Rivers,

INEC had just received

three court orders

restraining it from going

ahead with the elections

in Tai Local Government


INEC had before now

said it would not go back

to Rivers State until

stakeholders in the area

could commit to the

safety of electoral

personnel and materials.

APC hasn't

managed victory


•Says APC is to be rebranded

•As Buhari wades into the party crisis

By Henry Umoru,

Emman Ovuakporie,


Agbakwuru &

Joseph Erunke


B U J A —


the All Progressives

Congress, APC,

Governors' Forum and

Governor of Imo State,

Owelle Rochas Okorocha,

yesterday, said the party

has not managed its

victory properly, as there

were hunger and serious

hardship in the country.

Governor Okorocha,

who was at the National

Assembly to mediate

peace between the

President Muhammadu

Buhari-led executive and

the legislature, which had

been having frosty

relationship, stated that

members of the ruling

party, APC, are angry.

He said that in the next

few weeks, President

Buhari will be bringing

members of the party

together to ensure

amicable resolution of the

problem threatening to

tear the party apart and

promised that the party

will soon be rebranded.

This came as the

Speaker of the House of

Representatives, Yakubu

Dogara said that the party

cannot afford to fail the

people that voted them

into power, even as he

said the legislators are

loyal party members.

Okorocha said: “As you

can see, this is the very

first time i will be coming

to the office of the

Speaker. I have come here

to look at issues as they

affect our nation, our party

in particular. I have been

to the national office of

our party and I have met

with the national working


“I have also visited the

Senate, where we also

deliberated and I am here

with the leadership of the

House where we have

also deliberated on a lot

of issues on how to move

our nation and our party


"Today, we are proud to

say APC is not an

opposition party, it is the

ruling party of the Federal

Republic of Nigeria.

“This our victory is very

dear to us, but we are

concerned that our victory

so far has not been

properly managed due to

anger, bitterness among

the members of our party

at different levels and at

different cadres.

“This calls for concern

and that is why we are

trying to bridge the gap

to close ranks on how to

unite, provide

governance, leadership to

our people, Nigerians and

also move our party


“It is true that our nation

is going through difficult

times, but with unity of

purpose, we shall

overcome. There have

been so many complaints

and distrusts, confusion

and we have resolved as

a people, as governors, as

senators as federal House

members, as national

working committee

members to come together

and resolve these issues

once and for all.

“The president will be

talking to the party and

the leadership very soon

on this matter. Nigerians

expect so much from us

and at the end of it all,

Nigerians will not ask us

how far have you dealt

with each other, but they

will ask us how much food

have we put on the table

of the common man...?"

FG urges states to access

dormant N41bn funds

By Chester Yakubu

ABUJA—Worried by

the deplorable

conditions under which

children of poor parents

attend classes beneath

trees for lack of

classrooms, Minister of

State for Education, Prof.

Anthony Anwukah, has

tasked State Governments

across the country to, as a

matter of urgency, access

the over N41bn made

available to them by the

Federal Government

through the Universal

Basic Education

Commission (UBEC) to

improve on education

infrastructure at that


In a press release made

available to Vanguard in

Abuja, after a marathon

consultative meeting with

21 chief executives of

agencies under the

Federal Ministry of

Education, the Minister

said the refusal, and or

inability of States to

access their share of the

fund is strangulating the

development of basic

education nationwide; a

development he




6—Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016

:Vanguard News :@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058

2 arrested in

Ughelli with




By Perez Brisibe



attached to Ughelli Area

Command have arrested

two persons for allegedly

selling adulterated drinks

to the public.

It was gathered that the

suspects, Mr. Sunday

Ekomoli, and Mrs.

Patience Enadiamor, were

arrested at the Ughelli

Main Market, Tuesday,

while offloading the said

adulterated drinks from a

bus, which was said to

have also contained six 20

litres of gallons containing

chemicals used in the

production of the

adulterated drinks.

Giving details of the

arrest, a member of the

Ughelli Main Market

executive, who spoke on

condition of anonymity,

said: “One of the suspects,

Mr. Ekomoli, was the

driver of the bus used in

conveying the drinks.

“He said he was only

hired to transport the items

from Onitsha for one M. C.

and Oyis before he was

arrested by the police,

adding that he was

oblivious of the fact that the

drinks are fakes.”



steals N65m


By Onozure Dania

LAGOS—A couple,

Simon and Glory

Bisong, alleged to have

stolen jewellery worth N65

million, were yesterday

arraigned before an

Igbosere Magistrate’s

Court, Lagos.

Simon, 41 and Glory, 32,

were docked alongside a

domestic cook, Joseph

Agbeh, 43, and a

businessman, Amidu

Musa, 55.

The prosecutor, Sergeant

Tubi Olajide, told the court

that the defendants committed

the alleged offences

on two separate days.

The defendants pleaded

not guilty to the charge

against them.

The presiding

magistrate, Mrs O. M.

Ajayi, granted the

defendants bail in the sum

of N1 million each with two

sureties each in like sum

and adjourned till

November 25 for mention.

Makurdi Courts Under Siege

Exhibits, case files, cash looted

By Peter Duru


hoodlums, yesterday,

broke into the premises of Benue

State Court complex, carting

away exhibits, case files, other

valuables and cash.

Among the courts affected, in

what appeared a coordinated

raid, were High Court 9, Chief

Magistrate’s Court 1 and Area

Court 1, all in Makurdi, the state


Briefing the state’s Attorney-

General and Commissioner for

Justice, Mr. Mike Gusa, who

visited the scenes, Chief

Magistrate Issac Ajimu

explained that the gang broke the

padlock of the courtroom and his

chambers and took away some

By Imanuel Jannah

ABUJA—A 40-year-old

man, Livinus Andoma,

has been arraigned before Gudu

Upper Area Court for allegedly

raping and impregnating a 12-

year-old girl (names withheld).

The victim is a relation of his

wife and stays with the couple

as housemaid in their

Lokogoma area of Abuja


According to a prosecution

witness, in April 2015, the

accused allegedly lured the

girl into his bedroom, raped her

and threatened to kill her, if she

disclosed the incident to


Andoma allegedly continued

to sleep with the girl until she

became pregnant.

In what appeared to be a

mild drama, one Moses

Anukia, told the court that the

same matter had been filed at

an FCT High Court; arguing

that the Upper Area Court could

not entertain the suit.

However, the presiding


He said: “They also carted

away courts files of both

disposed and pending cases.

“From there they went to

High Court 9, presided over by

the wife of the state Deputy

Governor, Justice Mary

Abounu, where they also

removed valuables.”

At the Grade 1 Area Court,

the Registrar, Mrs. Serah

Gbodi, told the Justice

Commissioner that the

criminals broke into her office

and made away with over

N280,000 revenue belonging to

the state government.

She said: “Afterward, they

proceeded to the Area Court

judge’s chamber, which they

also ransacked, but got

judge of Gudu Upper Area

Court, directed the

prosecution team to find out


On her part, the Registrar of

the Chief Magistrate’s Court 1,

Mrs. Grace Udende, told the

Commissioner that after

removing the valuables, the

invaders got their own padlock

and locked up the court


Reacting, the Attorney

Protesting corruption in the judiciary in Abuja, yesterday. PHOTO: Gbemiga Olamikan.

the true position of the matter

and report back to the court on

December 14 and ordered that

General, who condemned the

incident, appealed to youths in the

state to engage themselves in

useful activities instead of taking

to crime.

Contacted, the state Police

Public Relations Officer, ASP

Moses Yamu, said the command

had commenced investigations

into the matter.

Man, 40, rapes, impregnates 12-yr-old wife’s niece

By Onozure Dania

LAGOS—A 35-year-old

a p p r e n t i c e ,

Nzubechukwu Mbamara,

yesterday, appeared before a

Lagos Magistrate’s Court

sitting at Igbosere, for

alleged theft of his

employer’s N3 million, after

which he escaped to Nnewi

in Anambra State.

Mbamara, who resides on

Omo-Odofin Street, Festac

Town, pleaded not guilty to

the one-count charge of theft

preferred against him by


The prosecutor, Eshiet

Eshiet, said the defendant

committed the alleged offence

between January and

October at Trade Fair

Complex in Ojo, Lagos. He

The premises of High Court 9, yesterday. PHOTO: Peter Duru.

said Mbamara stole N3

million, property of his

employer, one Mr. Francis


According to Eshiet,

“Mbamara collected the said

sum from a customer, who

bought goods from the shop,

which he kept for his

employer, and converted it to

his personal use.

“He, however, ran to Nnewi

in Anambra State, where

police apprehended him.”

The prosecutor said that the

offence was punishable under

Section 285(1) of the Criminal

Law of Lagos State, 2011.

The Magistrate, Mr. W. B.

Balogun, granted the

defendant bail in the sum of

N500,000 with two sureties in

like sum.

He said one of the sureties

the accused be remanded in

prison custody until the

adjourned date.

35-yr-old apprentice steals boss' N3m

must be a blood relation to the

defendant and then adjourned

the case till November 25 for


18-yr-old, 3 oth

By Demola Akinyemi

ILORIN—NO fewer than four

persons were feared killed

after a clash between rival cult

members in Ilorin, the Kwara

State capital.

Vanguard gathered that the

clash between the rival cultists

started Monday night in Gaa-

Akanbi area of the metropolis,

when suspected rival cult

members murdered a boy in his


In what was seen as a reprisal

attack, it was gathered that the

Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3 , 2016—7

By Monsuru


AN 80-year-old man died, a

woman suffered

miscarriage, while a yet-to-beidentified

lady sustained injury,

when a demolition squad razed

their shops and other structures

within Jakande Estate, Isolo, by

agents of Lagos State


The man, identified as Pastor

M. O. Sobanjo, and the lady,

:Vanguard News :@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058

Reps grill IGP over missing guns,

N1.9m exhibits

By Emman Ovuakporie

& Johnbosco Agbakwuru


House of Representatives

Public Accounts Committee,

PAC, yesterday, grilled the

Inspector General of Police,

Ibrahim Idris, for 30 minutes over

alleged missing rifles and N1.9

million cash exhibit.

Chairman of PAC, Kingsley

Chinda (PDP, Obio/Akpor,

Rivers), said based on the report

of the Auditor General of the

Federation of 2010 to 2013, four

rifles were missing along with

the cash exhibits with 55 queries

raised against the Nigeria Police

Demolition in Lagos: Shop owner dies, another suffers miscarriage

Demolition of illegal structures at Jakande Estate, Isolo, by Lagos State Ministry of Environment.

Inset (right) is the late Pastor M.O. Sobanjo. PHOTOS: Lamidi Bamidele & Monsur Olowoopejo.

ers killed as cultists run amok in Kwara

violence spread to Ipata Market

and Kankatu areas of Ilorin on

Tuesday, where two persons were

killed by suspected cultists.

The two incidents were said to

have happened between 4p.m.

and 9p.m., as the corpse of an

18-year-old boy, killed at

Kankatu area of the town, was

said to have been dumped

beside Amule bridge.

It was gathered that the boy

hailed from Osoogun compound

of the metropolis.

Vanguard checks revealed that

men of the state police evacuated

Force during the period.

The report said that during the

audit examination of arms and

ammunition in 2012, it was

observed that four different

brands of pistol were missing.

The report also said cash

exhibits of N928,000 was

missing in 2011; N100,000 in

2012 and N720,000 and a laptop

worth N250,000, totaling N1.998

million, were missing.

Immediately the session

started, the IGP requested that

he be allowed to go and attend

to other responsibilities, while

his other officers, led by Assistant

Inspector General, AIG, in

charge of budget, Abdulsami

Chikodi Nwokoji, in her 40s,

were both shop owners within

the housing estate.

Vanguard gathered that

Sobanjo, who had been sick,

slumped last Friday when

government announced November

1 as date for demolition.

It was learned that the

demolished shop had served as

source of livelihood for late

pastor, a retiree, but was not

receiving his pensions.

Vanguard gathered that

the corpse and deposited same

at an undisclosed hospital

morgue in the town.


In continuation of the attacks,

another person in his 30s was,

yesterday, allegedly hacked to

death by the rampaging cult

members in Odoota area of the

metropolis. The suspected

cultists were said to have struck

at 11a.m.

According to the source, the

deceased was preparing to go

to work when the rival cult

Iyaji, would respond.

In his response, the AIG

said in June 2009, an officer

was issued a pistol and was

attacked and killed by robbers

in Lagos, while they went

away with the pistol.

On the second pistol, he

said it was issued to one

sergeant, who was declared

missing in action, while the

third pistol was given to an

officer on official assignment

who lost it during an attack

by robbers.

On the fourth pistol, AIG

Iyaji said it was issued to an

inspector in February 2008

and that he was attacked in

his hotel room in Lagos,

where the robbers took the

pistol away.

Chikodi, who deals in frozen

foods, slumped when she got

to her shop on Tuesday and

found it demolished.

Sources said that the two

cartons of frozen foods

Chikodi was carrying fell on

her stomach, causing her


Chikodi’s husband,

Cyprian, lamented that she

started bleeding immediately

she slumped.

He noted that efforts by an

group attacked him.

Contacted, spokesperson of

the state Police Command,

Ajayi Okasanmi, confirmed

the incident at Gaa-Akanbi,

adding that he was yet to get

information regarding the

other incidents in the


He, however, promised to

call the DPOs of the areas in

question for confirmation,

adding “I can only confirm to

you that the Gaa-Akanbi

incident was as a result of

rival cult clashes.”

He said the affected

inspector was indicted and


He said the officer involved

in the N928,000 sum could

not give account of the amount

and was investigated and

arraigned in court even after

retirement, while N100,000

cash exhibit was given to the

rightful owner.

According to him, N720,000

was erroneously stated, as the

amount was actually

N250,000, which he said was

still available and in custody

of the police.

He said the case of a laptop

did not exist as there was no

such record with the force.

The investigative hearing

continues next week.

Ire-Akari hospital to provide

appropriate treatment proved

abortive, saying “she was

referred to Isolo General

Hospital, where they believed

she could get better


Cyprin disclosed that they

became aware of the planned

demolition last Friday and

efforts to seek another location

for their business proved


As the bulldozer continued

to roar in the estate,

demolishing more shops,

Secretary of the Jakande

Landlord Association, Mr.

Toba Johnson, told Vanguard

that the demolition would lead

to displacement of over 12,000

traders within the estate,

saying “we have about 12,000

shops within the estate.”

Vanguard gathered that over

500 shops were pulled down

on Tuesday at the

commencement of the

exercise, barely 24 hours after

the residents stormed Alausa

Secretariat, protesting

government’s planned

demolition of their shops.

Efforts to reach Lagos State

Building Investment

Corporation, LBIC, and other

authorities on the matter

proved abortive, as phone

calls and messages to them

were not replied.

Deadly Kogi

Amala Meal:

6 more


ORE revelations

Memerged, yesterday,

over the death of six

persons that took cassava

flour meal in Ogaminana,

Kogi State, as six other

persons were hospitalised

after the meal.

This came as the state

governor, Alhaji Yahaya

Bello, condemned the

ethnic slant being given to

the incident that claimed

the lives of a woman, her

three sons and two of their


Top police source in Adavi

Divisional headquarters in

Okene, said on condition of

anonymity that three of

those hospitalised had been

referred to the Federal

Medical Centre, FMC,

Lokoja on the order of the

state governor.

The Commissioner for

Health, Dr. Saka Haruna,

was said to have taken the

samples of the flour for

laboratory analysis.

Mystery, as

man commits


By Peter Duru


former Director

General, Services and

Administration, Oju Local

Government Area of Benue

State, Mr. Emmanuel

Onwuke, yesterday,

allegedly committed

suicide, by jumping into a

well situated in his house

for yet-to-be disclosed


Vanguard learned from

an eyewitness that the

remains of the deceased

was found in the well after

his family members started

searching for him, following

his sudden disappearance

from his Oju residence for

several hours without

contacting his family


BROKEN LINKS: The current condition of Moro

Bridge on llorin-lgbeti Highway, linking Kwara and Oyo states.

8—Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016

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APC GOV S MEET REPS : Leader, House of Representatives, Mr. Femi Gbajabiamila; Imo State Governor, Rochas Okorocha;

Speaker House of Representatives, Yakubu Dogara; and Deputy Speaker, Yusuff Lasun, shortly after their meeting with

Okorocha and APC Principal Officers at the National Assembly in Abuja, yesterday. Photo: Gbemiga Olamikan.

APC CRISIS: APC govs intervene, say nobody can

bully Oyegun out

By Omeiza Ajayi

ABUJA—DAYS after its

trouble-shooting meeting

with President Muhammadu

Buhari, governors of All

Progressives Congress, APC,

under the aegis of Progressive

Governors’ Forum, yesterday met

with the National Working

Committee, NWC, to address

issues afflicting the party.

The governors, who were

represented by chairman of

Progressive Governors Forum,

Owelle Rochas Okorocha of Imo

State, met behind closed-doors

with the Chief John Odigie-

Oyegun led NWC, passing a vote

of confidence on the party


Addressing journalists after the

meeting, which held at the

national secretariat of the party,

Okorocha said the tenure of the

Odigie-Oyegun-led NWC would

end in 2018.

A national leader of the party,

Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu, as

well as the Deputy Publicity

Secretary of the party, Comrade

Timi Frank, have been vociferous

in their calls for the national

chairman to resign.

“You may recall that it was the

same National Working

Committee and these party

leaders that saw us through

during the last election. What that

means is that if these people were

good enough to see us through

and never betrayed us, they

should be so honoured.

‘’I want to assure them that no

one will bully them out or push

them out. But, where there is

need to make amendments,

which is natural within any

human organization, the party

will be restructured for the

purpose of making it stronger and

move forward as a people and as

a party.

“No one is going to boot

anybody out. Where there is need

...Buhari to meet with party leadership soon

for amendment, we shall make

amendment in order to save the

party and move it forward.

“Restructuring is not in terms of

changes. Who comes in or who

goes out. No. But, in every human

organization, there comes a time

when they restructure. It could be

to add more people, it could be to

strengthen the party at all levels.

And, of course, you know that

these people are duly elected,

whose tenure will expire by 2018.

“I have come to reassure them,

because sometimes, when you

have the fear or worry that you are

not stable, you begin to react in a

negative way, but if you know you

are stable, you will put in your best.

Here is a reassuring visit,”

Okorocha stated.

The governors had last Monday

met with the President to

discuss several internal party

issues and also express their

displeasure at the President’s

unilateral decision to name

ambassadors without due

consultations with many of the


Vanguard learned that the

parley, meant to calm frayed

nerves, did not, however, go

down well with the party’s

NWC,, many of whom felt

slighted to have been excluded

by the Presidency at the last


Buhari to address party’s

NWC within two months

Consequently, the President

will in the next two months,

meet with the leadership of the

party to address concerns

regarding its progress.

Okorocha said: “Mr President

and Commander in Chief,

President Muhammadu

Buhari, who is the leader of the

party would be addressing the

party leadership very soon, in

a couple of weeks to come or

before the next two months.

‘’From there, we would take

it up but our party is united and

strong. We must take advantage

of the moment, especially with

the visible crisis in the PDP;

many good people in the PDP

want to join APC but they are

still watching because they

have not seen us show that

which we were known for before

the election and there is no reason

we cannot manage this victory.''

N4.5TRN LOSS: Reps move to amend AMCON Act

By Emman Ovuakporie &

Johnbosco Agbakwuru


the total accumulated

losses of Assets Management

Company of Nigeria, AMCON,

of N4.5 trillion and the total

outstanding bad loans owed the

company by individuals and

companies which was put at N3.5

trillion, the House of

Representatives has started the

amendment of the Act

establishing the company for


Already, a bill to amend the

AMCON Act 2010 that seeks to

amend Section 10 of the Principal

Act, at plenary yesterday, passed

through second reading without

any opposition.

The bill, sponsored by Joseph

Edionwele (PDP, Edo), was titled,

A Bill for an Act to Amend the

Assets Management Corporation

of Nigeria Act of 2010 to Expand

the Board of the Corporation so

as to Enhance its Efficiency in the

Discharge of its Statutory Duties

and for Other Related Matters.”

Leading debate on the bill,

Edionwele said although

AMCON was established for the

purpose of addressing the issue

of non-performing loans of banks

in the country, its board as

currently constituted maked it

impossible for the agency to

function optimally.

He said: “ A corporation

saddled with such responsibility

is left to be managed by part-time

By Peter Duru


Marshal of the Federal

Road Safety Corps, FRSC, Dr.

Boboye Oyeyemi, yesterday

disclosed that road accidents

claimed over 6,000 lives

annually in the country.

chairman and representatives

solely from MDAs. These

people have their agencies to


The lawmaker said to to cure

this deficit and deficiency, it was

imperative to amend the principal

act “which prescribes

appointment of a part time

chairman, executive

directors, non executive

directors among officers from

various MDAs exclusive to

the Ministry of Finance.”

Dr. Oyeyemi, who attributed the

alarming figure to reckless driving

and over-speeding, said the

development necessitated the

introduction of speed limit

devices in vehicles in the country.

The Corps Marshal, who spoke

yesterday at the 2016 Zone RS4

Jos Annual Retreat of the FRSC

in Makurdi, said: “So far, over

10,000 commercial vehicle

Reps move

to abolish

state, LGA

joint account

...Seek autonomy

for LGs

By Emman Ovuakporie

& Johnbosco



of Representatives

yesterday renewed efforts to

stop the joint account between

states and local government

areas which is currently in the

Nigerian Constitution.

The House also has started

the process of ensuring local

government autonomy which

the State Houses of Assembly

voted against during the 7th


This renewed efforts to

strengthen local government

administration was made

known during the debate on

the bill which seeks to amend

Section 162 of the 1999

Constitution and ensure

financial autonomy of local

government councils.

Leading the debate on the

matter, sponsor of the bill,

Nkiruka Onyejeocha,

explained that the proposed

amendment when passed into

law, would foster the

autonomy, transparency and

accountability of local

government administration in

the country.

She said: “The practice of

true federalism is lacking in

Nigeria, especially at the local

government level.

‘’Some state governments

deprive their local

governments of principal

source of their revenues.

“Unless more stable internal

sources of revenue are

exploited, and state-local

government joint account

abolished, the objective of

strengthening local

governments in terms of its

relationship with state and

federal governments will

remain a mirage.”

She decried the state of

deprivation and underdevelopment

of local

government councils

across the country, adding

that the spirit behind the

bill was to make the

councils in the country

have financial autonomy.

Road accidents claim over 6,000 lives in Nigeria annually


operators have complied with the

installation of speed limiting

device and there is no going back

on the policy.

“The number of deaths on

our roads is unacceptable; that

is why we are determined to

stem the tide by enforcing all

road safety rules in order to

stop the wastage of innocent

lives on our highways.’’

Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016 — 9

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FG bemoans

sharp practices

by foreign

shipping firms

By Godfrey Bivere &

Ifeyinwa Obi



Government has

bemoaned the unwholesome

practices of some foreign

shipping companies as

regards surcharges on

shippers bringing in cargoes

to Nigerian seaports.

Minister of Transportation,

Mr. Rotimi Amaechi who

made the remarks at the

celebration of the World

Maritime Day said,

“Government is not mindful of

the unwholesome practices of

some foreign shipping

companies and their local

collaborators operating within

the sub-region, who often

impose additional surcharges

on shippers without prior

consultation with relevant

government agencies.

“Therefore, due to this

anomally, there is the need to

mobilise resources to

adequately equip indigenous

service providers to provide

services at competitive prices.

This has been identified and

would be vigorously pursued.”

On the myriad of challenges

facing the maritime industry

in Nigeria, Amaechi

explained that, “the maritime

industry in Nigeria is faced

with myriad of challenges

bordering on noncompetitiveness,

low level of

investment, absence of

requisite funding, low

implementation and

enforcement of existing laws

in the sector and high charges

among others.

“All these challenges place

the country at a disadvantaged

position compared to ports of

neighbouring countries within

the West and Central African


Meanwhile, operators

took the opportunity of the

World Maritime Day

celebration to lament the

high insurance premium

payments made by vessels that

call at Nigeria’s seaports.

MRS JONATHAN'S $15M: Court convicts 4 firms,

reserves sentence

By Abdulwahab Abdulah

& Onozure Dania

AGOS—A Federal High

LCourt sitting in Lagos,

yesterday, convicted four

companies allegedly used by

Waripamo-Owei Emmanuel

Dudafa, a former Special

Assistant to President Goodluck

Jonathan to siphon 15 million US


Delivering judgment after

reviewing of the charge by the

Economic and Financial Crimes

Commission, EFCC prosecuting

the case, Justice Babs Keuwunmi

pronounced all the four

companies guilty as charged.

Justice Kuewumi, however,

declined to pronounce sentence

on them, saying that their

sentence will be determined at the

conclusion of trials of other

accused persons in the matter.

He said; “In view of the facts

stated by the prosecutor, and

based on the evidence tendered

and based on the agreement of

the companies’ directors, the

prosecution has proved its case

beyond reasonable doubt.

“The companies are found

guilty in counts 2,3,4,5,6,7,8, and

9. In order not to prejudice the

case of first, second and third

defendants, sentencing them is

hereby reserved pending the end

of the trial of the first, second and

third defendants.

The companies convicted are:

Pluto Property and Investment

Development Company Limited,

Seagate Property and Investment

Development Company Limited,

Transoceanic Property and

Investment Development

Company Limited, and Avalon

Property and Investment

Development Company Limited.

The purported companies’

BIRTHDAY: Pepsuzi Aluko, Nigerian Olympic medalist beaming with joy after she collected the

latest edition of motorised scooter from Senator Osita Izunazo at the International Conference Centre,

Abuja, where Senator Izunaso gave out thousands of equipment and aid materials to people with

disability as part of activities marking his 50th birthday and 11th anniversary of Kpakpando Foundation.

directors, who pleaded guilty on

behalf of the companies and

agreed with facts reviewed by the

prosecutor are: Friday Davis: Agbo

Baro; Kola Fredrick; Taiwo

Ebenezer and China John.

The four companies were

charged alongside a former

Special Assistant to President

Jonathan, Waripamo-owei Dudafa,

a lawyer, Amajuoyi Azubike

Briggs, and Adedamola

Bolodeoku, a senior staff of Skye

Bank Plc, on alleged $15,591, 700

million USD, which the former

first lady, Mrs. Patience Jonathan,

is laying claims to.

However, lawyers representing

other accused persons, Gboyega

Oyewole, Ige Asemudara and

Joseph Okobieme, urged the court

to allow their clients to go through

the documents sought to be

tendered by the prosecutor, saying

that they were all charged with on

the offence of conspiracy, which is

count one of the charge.

The lawyers stated that admitting

of the documents, will have

negative impact on their clients.

Upon the submission made by

the lawyers, the prosecutor

pleaded with the court to expunge

the name of Dudafa, Briggs and

Bolodeoku from count one.

Consequently, the court admitted

the documents sought to be

tendered by the prosecutor.

Upon the admissibility of the

documents, the prosecutor urged

the court to pronounce the four

companies as guilty as charged by

the anti-graft agency.

The matter has been

adjourned till December 16, for

continuation of trial of the three

other accused persons

Adekanye, Falana, others want military out of politics

By Abdulwahab Abdulah



expert in civil-military

relations, Prof Emeritus, Bayo

Adekanye, National Democratic

Coalition, NADECO chieftain,

Chief Ayo Adebanjo, lawyer and

human rights activist, Mr. Femi

Falana, SAN, yesterday urged

Nigerians to take their destiny

into their hands by chasing out

military from Nigeria politics.

Equally, the first president of the

Nigerian Labour Congress, NLC,

Alhaji Hassan Sunmonu and

former student leader, Comrade

Olusegun Mayegun agreed that

the military's impunity and

incursion into the country’s

politics had dragged back the

wheels of the nation's progress.

Speaking at the National

Symposium organized by the

Department of the Political

Science, University of Lagos, the

keynote Speaker, Professor

Adekanye, who dwelt on the

topic: “X-raying 50 years of

Military Intervention in Nigeria’s

Politics” warned that except a

drastic step is taken by the

political leaders to address the

problems facing the country, “they

will wake up one day and observe

that the country is gone.”

The lead speaker, who

discussed the political history of

Nigeria from the period of

amalgamation to the first military

coup and the present political

dispensation said, without the

military men who are cabals in

the country, the people cannot

freely chose their political leaders.

Prof Adekanye said: “What we

don’t know is that the military may

not be in power formally but they

are still there in camera. They

dictate what we do and who

becomes the political leader. They

ensured that the central

government now becomes an

obstacle to the growth of the

nation, and we ended up being

weakened at the regional levels.”

Analyzing the various past

military administrations in

Nigeria, Adekanye said Nigeria

is a “paradox of parasitic state”

which left nearly every Nigerian

corrupt because of the chase for

oil money.

In his contribution, Mr

Opadokun gave a history of how

NADECO struggled hard under

the military junta to ensure that

the country returned to

democratic rule and how their

efforts to ensure that the country

Let’s speak for our girl-child,

says Joe-Odumakin

By Elizabeth Uwandu

DR Joe Okei- Odumakin,

founder, Women Arise for

Change and human rights

activist, has said that it was high

time government, parents and

non-governmental organisation

took the issue of girl-child

seriously by protecting them from

all forms of sexual abuse and


Speaking recently at a forum

becomes truly a democratic

nation has declined.

Falana in his contributions, said

what we have right from the time

of the first military intervention

was a system where the welfare

of the masses of Nigeria is

nothing to the rulers.

He said “what we have now

is the government of the

contractors where 74 percent of

the state budget goes for the

services of the bureaucratic. We

must take Nigeria serious; we

must not allow military men in

civilian cloth to dictate to us.

They are parasites; they sold the

country’s resources to be rich.”

themed, “Rape and sexual

harassment, the plight of the

Nigerian girl child,’’ organised by

National Union of Lagos State

Students, NULASS to

commemorate world girl-child

day themed, “ Girls’ Progress =

Goals’ Progress: What Counts for

Girls; Dr Odumakin said the

continous silence and

sweeping under the carpet of

abuses of the girl-child were

the reasoons why culprits of

molestation went scot-free.


A-Court sets up fresh panel to hear

Jegede’s case

By Ikechukwu Nnochiri

PRESIDENT of the Court of

Appeal, Justice Zainab

Bulkachuwa, yesterday,

constituted a fresh three-man

panel of Justices to resolve the

dispute over who should be the

candidate of the PDP for the

November 26 governorship


The new panel will be headed

by Justice Ibrahim Salauwa of

the Calabar Division of the

appellate court.

Other Justices on the special

panel are Ignatius Igwe Agube

and Godwin Mbaba.

In a letter with reference

number, PCA/Abuja/VII/2016,

Justice Bulkachuwa,

empowered the fresh panel to

hear three out of the five


“You are hereby empanelled

to sit and determine the above

appeals in Abuja Division

expeditiously”, the letter

further read.

It will be recalled that a

previous panel of the court led

by Justice Jummai Hanatu-

Sankey had on Tuesday,

withdrawn from handling the

matter following a bribery

allegation levelled against

them by factional Chairman of

the PDP in Ondo State, Prince

•••Alex Iziyon

withdraws as

Jimoh Ibrahim’s


By Charles Kumolu

COUNSEL to Peoples

Democratic Party,PDP,

candidate in Ondo State, Mr.

Jimoh Ibrahim at the Federal

High Court, Mr. Alex

Iziyon,SAN, has withdrawn his

representation at the Court of

Appeal over what he described

as professional ethics and


Iziyon in a personally signed

letter to his client dated

November 2, 2016, noted that

his withdrawal was informed by

his alleged indictment by the

Presiding Judge that he had

foreknowledge of Prince

Poroye’s petition despite his

protest and innocence.

He said: ‘’For professional

ethics and my integrity I cannot

continue on this as I was not

told or given a copy of the said

petition. It is in this regard that

I hereby withdraw from further

appearance. This is to enable

you brief another lawyer who

shall take over the file. We will

forward the file and the

processes to your personal


•Jegede: Vows to reclaim ticket

Biyi Poroye.

Poroye had in a petition he

forwarded to the Court of

Appeal President, Justice

Bulkachuwa, alleged that the

panel collected over N350m as

bribe from the Ahmed

I’m not supporting

Akeredolu — Abraham

By Dayo Johnson

THE second runner up in the

All Progressives Congress

APC governorship primaries, Dr

Olusegun Abraham, has denied

supporting the candidature of

Mr. Rotimi Akeredolu, SAN.

Akeredolu said recently that

Abraham had buried the hatchet

and decided to support his

candidature after the alleged

skewed primaries he won.

However, Abraham, who is in

court to challenge Akeredolu’s

emergence, said he could not

support Akeredolu because he

wants justice.

In a statement by his media

aide, Sayo Aluko, Abraham said:

“I urge my supporters and the

people to distance themselves

from any information or attempt

to confuse them and sway their

conviction, by wrongfully

claiming that I am considering a

move to work with or support

Rotimi Akeredolu.

“I, Olusegun Abraham, have

not thrown my weight behind

Rotimi Akeredolu or any other

person(s), I remain solidly

behind the people of Ondo State.

I strongly believe that justice will

be secured soon.

Afenifere backs Jegede

By Dayo Johnson

THE Pan -Yoruba socio-

Political Organisation,

Afenifere, yesterday, described as

arbitrary, wrong and unjust the

substitution of the PDP

Governorship Candidate,

Eyitayo Jegede, SAN by the


Afenifere Chairman, Chief

Reuben Fasoranti, said in Akure

that the whole process appeared

set for manipulation, warning

that the consequences might be

Markarfi-led faction of the PDP.

He said the bribe was paid for

the appellate court panel to

vacate the judgement of Justice

Okon Abang of the Federal

High Court, Abuja, which

ordered the Independent

National Electoral Commission,

INEC, to recognise Mr. Jimoh

Ibrahim as flag-bearer of the

PDP for the poll.

INEC had on the strength of

the High Court verdict,

substituted Mr. Eyitayo Jegede,

SAN, who it initially recognised

as PDP candidate for the

election, with Mr. Ibrahim.

Whereas Jegede emerged

from primary election that was

sanctioned by the Markarfi-led

faction of the PDP, Ibrahim on

the other hand, secured his

ticket from the Ali Modu-

Sheriff- led group.

“Any rumour stating such is a

product of deliberate deceit and

a selfish attempt to confuse the

people. The matter seeking the

reclamation of my mandate,

which is the mandate of the

people is in Court, with another

hearing slated for the 10 th of

November, 2016. I am standing

firm on getting justice, not only

for myself or the members of the

APC in Ondo state, but also for

the entire people of Ondo state

who have earnestly shown their

desire for good governance by

embracing my candidature.”



Fasoranti said: “The INEC

decision was wrong. It is

arbitrary. There is no basis for it.

Ibrahim went to hold his primary

in Ibadan and not here. That is

not fair. If he wants to be sincere

and honest, the thing should be

held here.

“I am bold enough to say that.

So the process is set for

manipulation. And in any case,

Jegede is the choice of the

people. Certainly, this is not an

issue of party affiliation.''

God’s will, people’s desire can't be

subverted — Jegede

By Dayo Johnson

FORMER Attorney General and Justice Commissioner in Ondo

State, Eyitayo Jegede, SAN, yesterday said no amount of

intimidation, blackmail or undue interference with the administration

of justice will stop him from contesting the governorship election

In a statement titled: “The Will of God and The Desire of the People

Cannot be Subverted,” which he personally signed , Jegede said the

recent event is an evidence that some anti-democratic elements are

poised to subvert his mandate.

His words: “We are not unaware of the fact that the anti-democratic

elements and their allies in the system have mapped out series of

surreptitious tactics to subvert our mandate, and interfere with the

course of administration of justice, with the latest of such being a

baseless petition against the Justices of the Special Panel set up by

the President of the Court of Appeal, to blackmail them to washing

off their hands from the case before them.

“No matter the act of blackmail, intimidation and undue interference

from any quarters, as a senior member of the legal profession, I have

absolute confidence in the judiciary as the last hope and bastion of

our democratic process. I am confident this struggle will soon set

precedence in the nation’s democratic annals. We will triumph.’’

It’s too early to panic, Jimoh Ibrahim

replies Fayose

PDP Governorship Candidate, Dr Jimoh Ibrahim has lambasted

Ekiti State Governor, Ayo Fayose for saying that he could never be

governor of Ondo State.

In a terse message to the governor, titled: Fayose, too early to panic,

Jimoh Ibrahim said that the same horsewhip used for the incumbent

Ondo State Governor, Olusegun Mimiko would soon be used on the


His words: “The crisis in Ondo State PDP has not degenerated to a

situation where a Judge was beaten up in his court during

proceedings as it was in Ekiti State during Governor Fayose’s bid to

become governor. There is no need for Governor Fayose to panic at

this time as it is too early to do so.

“Fayose is advised to wait till November 27 after the election in

Ondo State, as we shall move to Ekiti in full force to enforce Justice

Abang’s judgement, which also covers the Executive of PDP in Ekiti

State. Our movement to Ekiti will be in day time, so it is better for

Fayose to prepare and also learn from the experience of Governor

Mimiko, who was performing in Ondo until he was distracted by

Governor Fayose."

Oke not qualified to run — Abayomi

•My emergence followed due process — OKE

By Dayo Johnson

AHUMAN Rights activist and former governorship aspirant of

the All Progressives Congress in Ondo State, Dr. Tunji Abayomi

yesterday said that the governorship candidate of the Alliance for

Democracy, Chief Olusola Oke was not qualified to contest the

November 26, governorship election.

Abayomi has therefore called on INEC to disqualify Oke and his

running mate, Mr. Gani Dauda for allegedly not being eligible to

contest the poll.

Speaking in Akure, Abayomi alleged that both Oke and his deputy

did not participate in the primary of the AD, which according to him,

was against provisions of the Electoral Act.

He further alleged that the duo got the nomination of the AD through

a back door arrangement.

“Nobody can contest an election in the country unless he or she is

a member a political party. In the case of Oke and his deputy, they

neither participated in nor were they elected in a primary. Oke can

only be a candidate of the APC where he contested but he didn’t win

the primary . The Electoral Act says he must be elected by the members

of AD and they must vote for him in a primary. A party is not allowed

to nominate a candidate without the candidate participating in the

primary of the party.

He said that INEC did not attend or supervise the primary that

produced Oke as the candidate of the AD.

But reacting, the Director-General of the Olusola Oke Campaign

Organization, Mr. Bola Ilori said publishing the name of Oke in the

list of the candidates by the INEC had shown his eligibility to contest

the election. Ilori said nomination process of the AD candidate followed

due process.

According to him “Dr. Abayomi is not a member of the AD and he

has no right to be interfering in the affairs of our party. He should

face the internal problem in his party. Nomination of Oke as the AD

candidate followed due process, that is why INEC published his

name. It amuses me when somebody of another party is taking pain

killers for the headache of another party.

Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016 — 11

:Vanguard News :@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058


From left; Sultan Muhammad Sa'ad of Sokoto; Emir of Kano, Muhammad Sanusi II and

Governor Aminu Waziri Tambuwal at a special prayer session to kick-start activities marking

the 10th anniversary of the appointment of Muhammad Sa'ad as the Sultan of Sokoto.

Governor Aminu Tambuwal (left) distributing ‘Zakkat’ and

endowment items at the event.

Ogun workers suspend strike after Amosun,

labour’s parley

By Daud Olatunji


organised labour in Ogun

State , yesterday, suspended the

14-day strike action after signing

a Memorandum of

Understanding with the state


The National President of

Nigeria Labour Congress, Ayuba

Wabba, in the presence of other

national leaders of the organised

labour made the pronouncement

at the Labour Congress

Secretariat, Abiola way, Abeokuta,

shortly after they held a 10-hour

closed-door meeting with the

officials of the state government.

Earlier, the Ogun State

government and the leadership

of the organised labour in the state

signed a Memorandum of

Understanding on the modalities

of payment of workers’ deduction,

check-off dues and gratuities

among others.

The resolution was signed by

Head of Service Olushola

Adeyemi and Permanent

Secretary Bureau of

Establishment and Training, Mrs.

M .T. O Dosunmu on behalf of

the government while the State

Chairman of Joint Negotiating

Council, Biodun Olakanmi, state

Chairman, Nigeria Labour

Congress, Akeem Ambali and

chairman, Trade Union Congress

Bunmi Fajobi signed on behalf of

the workers.

The meeting also had in

attendance as observers national

Presidents of Trade Union

Congress, Boboi Kaigama, his

counterpart in Joint Public Service

Negotiating Council , National

Union of Local Government

Employees Khaleel Ibrahim and

National Association of Nigerian

Nurses and Midwives, Rafiu


Olakanmi who read the

resolution to the newsmen said;

“The state government should

pay global deduction with

November 2016 salary and

release global deduction every 90

days and as soon as bullet

payment is received from the

Federal government and the

state revenue improves.

Outstanding deduction shall be

paid on or before May, 2017.

“Immediate offset of one year

arrears of check-of dues.

“The 2015 promotion result to

be released immediately .

“A joint committee on both

government and labour should

be set up to look into the issues

of the officers that have

completed loan payments and

whose money are still being

deducted. Also, officers that have

completed loan repayment

should be allowed to exit from

the cooperatives societies.

“Towards promoting industrial

harmony, there should be

instituted a quarterly meeting

between the government and


“Consequent upon the above,

the two sides agreed that the

ongoing strike action should be

suspended and no worker will

be victimized of the strike


The Labour leaders having left

the governor’s office went to meet

their members at the Labour

secretariat in Abeokuta where

they announced the suspension

of the strike.

While announcing the

ssuspension, the national

President of NLC who was

flanked by other national leaders

of the organised labour ordered

all the public workers to resume

at their duty posts today


Meanwhile, there was drama

at the governor’s office over

alleged missing of a point which

the Labour leaders claimed was

part of the agreement but,

suddenly disappeared.

Amosun reacts

Addressing newsmen after the

meeting , the state governor,

Senator Ibikunle Amosun

lamented that the 14 days strike

has crippled the state's economy.

Amosun who was flanked by

the labour leaders in his office,

declared that the strike made it

difficult for him to pay October


He however, refused to pardon

the sacked workers, saying, the

workers’ action infuriated him.

According to him, lessons have

been learnt and this is the

second time that something of

this nature will happen, but I

pray that this should be the last

time we would be in the media

for any wrong thing.

“But am happy that the labour

leaders are here and they know

that there are two issues at hand

and the first, which is structure ,

is the agitation that we are owing

and have shown them figures

that do not lie. For instance, what

we get from the federal

government is about N600

million and we have showed

them what we pay now and what

we used to pay in 2011 when we

came on board and the

difference is about N7 billion

naira and we have been paying

it but when there are issues all

of us must know that these are


“We have 36 states in the

country and I make bold to say

as bad as it is, we are second to

no other state. I have told them

on my honour that all of we

agreed upon will be done.

“Indeed, I pray that even

before I leave as governor in

Ogun state we will be able to

say that our civil servants are

getting more money than what

they were taking before.

“And clearly we should not mix

what we are doing with politics

and that is what get me so


“As a governor I have sworn

that, I will do the best for Ogun

people even if it has to do with us

having sleepless nights. We will

do it."


reserves judgement in ex-DPO’s case

By Abdulwahab Abdulah

& Onozure Dania

THE Lagos Division of the

Court of Appeal,

yesterday reserved judgment

on an appeal filed by the ex-

Divisional Police Officer (DPO)

of Agege Police Station, Segun

Fabunmi, praying the court to

nullify a 10-year jail term

passed on him by a Lagos High

Court for manslaughter.

Justice Olabisi Akinlade of a

Lagos State High Court had

sentenced Fabunmi to 10 years

inprisonment for manslaughter,

following the death of one

Ademola Aderintola Daramola

during the January 9, 2012 fuel

subsidy protest in Lagos.

The lower court found

Fabunmi guilty of shooting

three other persons – Alimi

Abubakar, Egbujor Samuel and

Chizorba Odoh, during the

protest, thereby causing them

grievous bodily harm.

Dissatisfied, Fabunmi in his

notice of appeal urged the

appellate court to set aside the

judgment of the lower court and

set him free.

Arguing the appeal yesterday,

Fabunmi’s counsel, C.J

Jiakponna stated that the

conviction and sentencing of

Fabunmi was in error, urging

the court, in the interest of

Justice, to allow the appeal and

set aside the judgment of the

lower court.

AIG debunks

restiveness over

police transfers

in Zone 2

By Emma Nnadozie

THE Assistant Inspector-

General of Police, Zone

2, Onikan, Lagos, Abdulmajid

Ali, yesterday, disassociated

himself from reported

restiveness over his recent redeployment

by Police

authorities and stated that he

had no reason to complain

because transfer is part of

police duty.

AIG Ali who was reacting to

reports that his recent transfer

out of the Zone has led to

protests by policemen in the

Zone stated unequivocally that;

“transfer is part of police duty

which I am bound to obey. My

posting to Zone 2 was a

privilege and not my birthright.

In my 30 years in service, I have

served in many capacities

assigned to me without

complaint. I have served very

well in all the six geo-political

zones of the country without


“I have a great respect for our

Inspector-General of Police

and confidence in his

management team. I am loyal

and committed to the

constituted authority in the

force and cannot protest

against decisions which I know

must be in the best interest of

the force and the country.

''There is no belabouring the

glaring fact that our Inspector-

General of Police, Ibrahim Idris,

is honestly committed and

dedicated to the good ideals

that will propel the force to

greater heights and it will be

unfair for anybody to ascribe to

him acts inimical to the growth

of the force.”

The AIG Ali was recently redeployed

to the Force

headquarters, Abuja, barely

two months after he assumed

duties in Zone 2 comprising

Lagos and Ogun States.

12—Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016

:Vanguard News :@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058

FG appoints transaction adviser on new

national carrier

By Levinus




Government has

appointed a transaction adviser for

the new national carrier billed to

take off in the next 12 months.

The government also approved

additional N1.57 billion for

rehabilitation of the local and

international wings of Port

Harcourt International Airport,

even as it made trapped $300

million available to foreign

airlines, some of which had

suspended operations to the


Briefing journalists at the end

of yesterday’s Federal Executive

Council, FEC, Minister of State

for Aviation, Hadi Sirika, said the

new carrier would come on

stream in 2017 to give air

travellers a choice of airlines to


He said the new carrier would

be run by the private sector, with

government contributing only five


The minister said government

had set up the machinery to

realise the national carrier project

by appointing an adviser who

would facilitate the process.

On the rehabilitation of Port

Harcourt International Airport,

Sirika said FEC approved a

review of the cost of rehabilitating

the international wing of the

airport from N777,726,669.30 to

N1,684,520,310.58 for the original

contractor Messes Entaba.

The second project, he said,

was the refurbishment of the

airport terminal building Phase

II domestic wing which was

jerked up from N746,830,782.12

to N1,411,662,855.67.

He also said that FEC

approved bilateral agreement

against double taxation with the

Kenyan government.

He said: “FEC approved the

rectification of climate change

Paris agreement. It also

approved bilateral agreement

against double taxation with

Kenya and while Nigeria is not

exporter. This is very important

for the Nigerian economy and


“Also, FEC approved the

revised total estimate cost of

finishing Port Harcourt Airport

both domestic and international

wing. So, FEC approved the

project as it is captured in the

2016 and 2017 budget.

‘’So, very soon, we will

complete that very important

airport, especially the arrival


‘’Port Harcourt airport has

been tagged the worst airport in

the world but by the grace of God

and the wisdom of council, it will

be completed.’’

Giving details on why many

foreign airlines were flying the

best of aircraft on Nigeria

airspace, Sirika said it was not

as a result of not having

corresponding facilities for

such services, assuring that the

government was working to

put the necessary

infrastructures in place.

The minister also gave

hopes on the stability of

aviation with a provision of over

$300 million to pay foreign


CONFERENCE: From left: Miranda Amachree, Director, Inspection and Enforcement,

National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESRA); Daniel

Adedokun, Head of Geocycle and Business Development, Lafarge Africa Plc; Olapeju Ibekwe,

Head, Branding Strategy and Communications, Sterling Bank; and Olivier Doyen, Head of

Sub-Sahara Africa for Geocycle, LafargeHolcim Group, at the National

Management Conference held at Civic Centre, Victoria Island, Lagos.

EFCC chairman disowns, detains ex-Gov

Akpabio’s brother, Ibanga

By Soni Daniel,

Northern Region



Chairman of

Economic and Financial

Crimes Commission,

EFCC, Ibrahim Magu,

yesterday disowned Ibanga

Akpabio, the brother of

former Governor Godswill

Akpabio of Akwa Ibom

State, saying he had never

met him nor spoken with

him directly or through a

third party.

This came as EFCC

detained Ibanga at its Port

Harcourt Zonal Office over

alleged fraud worth N10


Magu issued the

disclaimer following reports

by an online medium by

the former governor’s

brother that he had bought

Magu and other top

security chiefs in the

country to be able to deal

ruthlessly with a former

House of Representatives

member, Robinson Uwak,

who is having some political

differences with the former

governor, now a senator.

In the report, the online

portal also attached an

audio clip purported to be

a conversation between

Ibanga Akpabio and Magu

on how to deal with Uwak,

a claim Magu denied


In a statement in Abuja,

the commission drew the

attention of Nigerians to

the fact that if Magu was

Akpabio’s friend, he would

not have been in detention

in EFCC custody over N10

million fraud scam.

The statement said: “The

attention of the Economic

and Financial Crimes

Commission has been

drawn to a recorded audio

conversation attached to a

report with the caption,

EFCC Detains Brother of

Former Akwa Ibom State

Governor Ibanga

Akpabio, which appeared

today, November 2, 2016

on the online news portal,

Sahara reporters allegedly

featuring two Akwa Ibom

politicians, Ibanga Akpabio

and a certain Osong. In the

recording, a voice

purporting to be Akpabio

could be heard dropping

the names of some security

chiefs including the acting

Chairman of the

Commission, Ibrahim

Magu and boasting about

the supposed EFCC boss’

willingness to help deal

with his purported political

adversaries in Akwa Ibom









THE governorship

candidate of the All

Progressives Congress,

APC, in the 2015 elections

in Rivers State, Dr

Dakuku Peterside, has

alleged that bad

governance by the

Governor Nyesom Wikeled

administration is

moving back the progress

of the state.

Dr Dakuku who stated

this during the formal

reception and public

declaration of former

Executive Director

(Finance and

Administration) of Niger

Delta Development

Commission, NDDC, Dr

Henry Ogiri, for the APC

at Abua/Odual, said

Rivers people were

already tired of the

government in the state.

He said: “Rivers State is

in reverse gear because of

bad governance. The bad

governance in the state is

telling on the people and

they are aware that this

government is not for

them. Ogiri got to the top

and saw the bad

governance in the state

and decided to return to

his original political fold

to meet with his friends

and those who he played

politics with earlier.

“Ogiri was part of those

who helped PDP in the

2015 elections in many

ways and they know it.

The coming re-run and

2019 elections will prove

that the government of

Rivers State is not leading

the people well, which is

why Ogiri left them.”

Dakuku, who is also the

Director-General of

Nigeria Maritime

Administration and Safety

Agency, NIMASA,

berated the Wike-led

government of being

unable to maintain several

infrastructural facilities

built by the immediate

past administration of

former Governor

Chibuike Amaechi.

“Wike cannot maintain

the infrastructure Amaechi

put on ground. Look at

the health centres and

schools, the overseas

scholarship, among

others. Instead he has

introduced tax regimes in

secondary schools that

are supposed to be free.

Rivers State is indeed

retrogressing," he added.

Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016—13

:Vanguard News :@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058

Aftermath of N-Delta peace talks: Oil-producing

communities issue 5-point demand to FG

By Michael Eboh

ONE day after the

meeting between

leaders of the Niger Delta

region and President

Muhammadu Buhari, oilproducing

communities, under

the aegis of Host Communities

of Nigeria, Producing Oil and

Gas, HOSTCOM, yesterday,

reeled out an additional and

separate five-point demand for

the Federal Government, which

it said would guarantee the

success of the on-going

dialogue and ensure a peaceful

resolution of the crisis in the

Niger Delta.

The demands are: Immediate

release by the Federal

Government, of part of the gas

flare penalty funds to

HOSTCOM; immediate

passage of the Petroleum

Industry Bill, PIB, by the

National Assembly; re-routing

of the 13 per cent derivation

fund in the Exclusive List,

directly to HOSTCOM account

as enshrined in Section 162.2

of the constitution, which the

group said is against the

ongoing practice of payment to

the accounts of states and local

governments; outright award of

pipeline surveillance contracts

to HOSTCOM and creation of

a new Directorate of Hostland

Security with the Ministry of

Petroleum Resources, to cater

directly for security needs of

host communities including

government and International

Oil Companies’ investments.

During a visit to Vanguard's

office in Abuja, National

Chairman of HOSTCOM, Dr.

Mike Emuh, expressed joy over

the dialogue held with the

Niger Delta leaders, but faulted

non-inclusion of youths of the

region in the dialogue.

According to him, in the

committee set up by the Federal

Government, no youth was

included. The youths, who are

the major agitators, were not

included among those to meet

with President Muhammadu

Buhari, thereby denying them

the opportunity to air their


He said: “We support

everything that was discussed

and agreed upon at the

meeting, especially as they

were all in the interest of the

Niger Delta. However, it should

not always be about the elders.

The people who are responsible

for all the destructions in the

region and those who are at the

forefront of the agitations are

the youths; they should have

been carried along also.”

Accuses govs of subduing

discussions on 13%


He alleged that the issue of

stripping the state governors of

FINANCE MASTER CLASS: From left: Dr. Temitope Oshikoya, CEO, NEXTNOMICS;

Yemisi Tayo-Aboaba, Head of International Corporates, Standard Chartered Bank

Nigeria (SCBN); Mr. Omoniyi Jegede, Managing Partner, Ijewere & Co and Mrs Yemi

Owolabi, Executive Director, Finance, SCBN during the 2016 Finance Master Class

organized by the bank in Lagos.

the 13 per cent derivation fund

and transferring same to the

host communities was

curiously removed from the

agenda of the meeting,

because of the presence of the

state governors at the meeting.

According to him, the state

governors might have

cautioned and prevailed on the

Minister of State for Petroleum

Resources, Mr. Ibe Kachikwu,

not to bring up the issue of the

13 per cent derivation, because

of their interest in the fund.

Five-point demand

Highlighting the demands

of the oil-producing

communities, Emuh called on

the Federal Government to

immediately release part of the

gas flare penalty funds, put at

N98 billion, to HOSTCOM.

According to him, the

Presidency had confirmed the

availability of the fund and

signed for the release, while

the fund was scheduled to be

released by October 2016, but

due to certain circumstances,

the release was delayed.

He accused the Chief of Staff

to the President of delaying the

release of the funds, claiming

that despite an agreement

reached between the

Presidency and leaders of the

oil-producing communities,

represented by HOSTCOM,

the fund was yet to be


Emuh explained that the gas

flare penalty fund was from

fines imposed on oil

companies for flaring gas in

the region, with the

Department of Petroleum

Resources, DPR, collecting the

fines and paying same into an

account with the Central Bank

of Nigeria, CBN.

He said the total funds was

about N2 trillion, but an

agreement was entered into

with the Federal Government

for the release of N98 billion,

as majority of the funds had

been spent by the Federal

Government due to the

absence of an organized oilproducing


groups in the past.

Saraki directs c’ttee to submit bill on host communities’ issues

within 4wks

By Henry Umoru &

Joseph Erunke


President, Bukola

Saraki, yesterday, instructed

the Senate Committee on

Petroleum, Upstream, led by

Senator Tayo Alaosoadura, to

prepare and submit the

Petroleum Industry Bill, PIB,

which deals solely on the

issues of host communities and

fiscal considerations.

The development came as

the Senate passed the first

batch of the PIB, sponsored

by Senator Alaosoadura, who

represents Ondo Central senatorial


The first leg of the bill,

tagged: Petroleum Industry

Governance Bill, PIGB, 2016,

which is in the second reading

stage, only deals with provision

of institutional framework

for governance in the

nation’s oil and gas sector.

The Senate President’s directive

came amidst protest by

Senator James Manager, PDP,

Delta South, who, during his

contribution to the debate on

the bill, faulted the priority

accorded the first leg of the

bill, whose objectives were

mainly on governance.

While also directing the

committee, which was given

four weeks to treat the bill and

submit same to the Senate, he

said the second aspect of the

bill which intends to treat host

communities’ issues must be

submitted to the Senate before

the four weeks expected for

submission of the first one.

He said: “I want to make

observations on the comment

by Senator James Manager.

Clearly, what we have done

here is really to make us move

forward in this important bill,

to see that after so many

years, we finally pass this petroleum

industry bill. That is

why it has been put into different

sections. But I want to

give a commitment on behalf

of our colleagues that this

one is just on the issue of

governance. Before we proceed

into the finalization of

this part of the bill, the committee

must come up with a

bill regarding the issue of the


Prof Okonjo

bags national

award from

Ghana govt


Chukwuka Okonjo,

Obi of Ogwashiukwu,

Delta State, has received

the highest civil national

award from the

Government of Ghana.

The award was conferred

on him by President John

Dramani Mahama in

recognition of his stellar

and distinguished

contributions to the

country’s education


Professor Chukwuka

Okonjo, father of two-time

former Minister of Finance,

Dr. Okonjo-Iweala of

Nigeria, is a renowned

Mathematician and

Economist who worked for

a long time in Ghana as a

United Nations staff and

later as a consultant to the

Ghanaian Government.

He joined the United

Nations System in 1974 as

an official based in New

York with his duty station

at Accra, Ghana, as the

Director of the Regional

Institute for Population

Studies, RIPS, at the

University of Ghana,

Legon, Accra.

Prof Okonjo worked as a

Professor of Economics at

the University from 1974 to

1985 at a time the country

was going through severe

economic and political


During that time,

Professor Okonjo installed

the first African population

information network

popularly known as the

Population Information and

Documentation System for

Africa, POSA, valued at


host communities for discussion.

I think that that can be done

within the next four weeks before

we come back for consideration

clause by clause. We must

bring the bill here on community

issues and frontiers so that we

can also pass it into second reading

and commit it to the committee."

IN the Vanguard

Newspaper edition of

October 26, 2016, Page 15,

we published an article titled

FG Sends ICPC Boss on

compulsory leave. In the

said article, we inadvertently

reported that a letter

from the Office of the Secretary

to the Government of

the Federation, SFG, informed

that Mr. Nta Expo

should proceed on compulsory

leave, which he allegedly

ignored, among others.

We have discovered that there

was no such letter from the

SGF or any other person. In

the circumstance, we hereby

retract the article in its entirety

and apologize profusely for

the inconvenience the said

article may have caused Mr.

Nta Expo and we assure him

of our highest regards at all



14 — Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016

:Vanguard News :@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058


Photos by Akeem Salau.

From left: Product Manager, Indomie, Onome Asagbra; General Manager, Indomie,

Girish Sharma; recipient of the Brand Manager of the year award/Brand Manager,

Indomie, Amber Yadav; President, Advertisers Association of Nigeria (ADVAN), David

Okeme; Group Public Relations and Event Manager, Dufil Prima Foods, Tope Ashiwaju

and Research and Media Manager, Indomie, Ananya Mahato.

From left; Mrs Ebere Udemi, Assistant Manager, Marketing

Communications, Stanbic IBTC; Ame Okwudi, Manager Events & CSI

Stanbic IBTC; Dr Austine Eruotor, President, Whitehouse Hotel and

Demola Adesina,Manager Marketing and Communications. Stanbic

IBTC received Award for Marketing Excellence 2016 CSR Category.

From left; Mr Oluwafemi Adeniba of Sustmark

Consult; Mrs Iquo Ikwo and Mrs Bunmi Oke, CEO

141 Worldwide.

Mr Princewill Ekwujuru of Vanguard (left) receiving the

award for the 3rd position of Brand Journalist of the year

from Mr Abiona Babarinde, GM, Marketing & Corporate

Communications, Coscharis Group.

From left; Mr Olaseni Fawehinmi,Corporate

Marketing Service Manager, UAC of Nigeria Plc;

Mrs Ediri Ose-Ediale, Executive Secretary,

ADVAN; Mrs Toluwatomi Fawehinmi and Mr Allen

Ose-Odiale, CEO, Shepard Field Network.


NNPC trade deficit dips to N11.2bn in one month

•Pays $24m to federation account

•Manufacturing gets boost on 90-day Forward FX deals of $330.9m

By Michael Eboh

ABUJA—THE Nigerian

National Petroleum

Corporation, NNPC, yesterday,

announced a trade deficit of

N11.22 billion in the month of

August 2016, dropping

significantly from a deficit of

N24.18 billion recorded in the

month of July.

This came on a day the

manufacturing sector of the

economy received a boost,

following the intervention of the

Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN,

in the settlement of balance of the

valid applications of 60-day

forwards funding deals in favour

of agricultural machinery and raw

material sectors.

The NNPC, in its Monthly

Financial and Operations Report

for August 2016, attributed the

improved financial performance

to an increase in Pipeline and

Products Marketing Company,

PPMC, coastal sales and the

significant improvement in

Nigerian Petroleum Development

Company’s, NPDC, revenue for

the month under review.

Specifically, the report stated

that NNPC’s operating revenue

for August appreciated by 41.35

per cent to N181.53 billion,

compared to N128.43 billion in

July 2016, while operating

expenditure rose to N192.75

billion from N152.61 billion

recorded in July.

In addition to improved sales

from PPMC, the NNPC stated

that the marked improvement in

revenue was mainly due to

resumption of NPDC production

from Oil Mining Lease, OML,

119, which was shut in

following export line repair


Furthermore, the report stated

that the NNPC recorded total

export proceeds of $180.93

million in August, dropping by

14.76 percent from$212.25

million recorded in July.

Of the total receipt, the NNPC

disclosed that the $157.05

million was used to fund Joint

Venture cash call, while $23.88

million was remitted to the

Federation Account in the

month under review.

Again, the NNPC domestic

crude oil and gas receipt for the

month of August stood at N96.15

billion, comprising N1.80 billion

from domestic gas sales and

N88.01 billion from domestic

crude oil sales.

According to the NNPC, of the

N88.01 billion receipt from crude

oil, the sum of N52.96 billion

(US$268.83 million) was

transferred to Joint Venture Cash

Call, JVCC, being a first line

charge and to guarantee

continuous flow of revenue stream

to the Federation Account.

However, the report stated that

By Nkiruka Nnorom

FIDELITY Bank Plc has

recorded gross earnings of

N110.3 billion in its unaudited

financial results for nine month

period ended September 30, 2016,

representing three per cent

increase over N107 billion recorded

in the same period in 2015.

This was contained in a statement

issued by the bank and made

available at the Nigerian Stock

Exchange, NSE. The bank also

grew its deposit base by 3.4 percent

the NNPC transferred the sum of

N35.05 billion to the Federation

Account during the month under

review from the net domestic

crude oil receipt and N 1.80 billion

from gas receipts.

The report said NNPC is also

collaborating with International

Oil Companies, IOC, to carry out

value–for-money audit on all

the Federation’s Joint

Ventures with a view to

improving business processes,

projects execution and

to N795.6 billion from N769.6

billion in 2015 financial year end.

Commenting on the financial

results, the Managing Director/

CEO, Fidelity Bank, Mr. Nnamdi

Okonkwo, said the bank’s

performance was indeed

reflective of the recessionary

environment characterized by

lower government revenues,

rising inflation, lower consumer

disposable income, significantly

tougher operating environment

in all sectors and the impact of

these headwinds on asset

revenues accruable to the


Manufacturing sector

Meanwhile, the manufacturing

sector of the economy received a

boost yesterday, following the

intervention of the Central Bank

of Nigeria (CBN) in the

settlement of the balance of the

valid applications of 60-day

forwards funding deals in favour

of agricultural, machinery and

raw materials sectors.

Sources at the CBN disclosed

that the forwards deals totaling

$330.09 million represent

requests from the various sectors

in the secondary inter-bank

market, thereby providing a boost

to the manufacturing sector.

Fidelity Bank posts N110.3bn gross earnings in 9 months

quality and foreign trade


He said: “We continued with

the disciplined execution of our

medium term strategy and

recorded decent growth on some

key operational metrics while

moderating the impact of the

headwinds above on other

financial indices.”

The unaudited financial

showed that the bank’s Profit

before Tax, PBT, decreased by 28.7

percent to N9.8 billion from N13.8

billion in the period under review.

Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016—15

:Vanguard News :@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058

Anambra gets UK order for scent leaf export

By Vincent Ujumadu

AWKA—AFTER successfully

exporting Ugu vegetable to

some European countries,

which yielded about five million

British pounds for the state,

Anambra State government

said, yesterday, that it had

received another order from the

United Kingdom for scent leaf,

popularly called Nchuanwu.

To meet the demand for the

export, 40 cooperative

societies from the three

senatorial zones of the state

have been empowered to grow

the vegetable to be able to meet

the order in the next two


Representatives of the

cooperative societies, who

were tutored on the processes

involved in the cultivation of

the vegetable for two days in

Awka, were given three water

pumps each with suction and

discharge facilities, special

type of fertilizer and some

quantities of the scent leaves.

Senior Special Assistant to

Governor Willie Obiano on

UNDP and Foreign Donors,

Mrs. Nneka Onwudiwe,

urged the farmers to work

hard to meet the terms of the

UK order.

She said: “Usually we do dry

season farming, but because

the state is exporting

vegetables, we decided to

grow Nchuanwu at this time,

because we have ready uptakers,

who will export the

vegetable so that we can meet

the demand of those who have

placed orders.”

ENUGU: From left—Executive Chairman, Enugu Sports Club, Chief Obum Arum; Governor Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi of Enugu

State; Chief Executive Officer Annjessy Events, Mrs Ujunwa Ikediashi, and Permanent Secretary, Enugu State Ministry of

Sports, Mrs Ngozi Ani, during 042 Golf Tournament in Enugu.

Govs should be

involved in


mining licence

— Ugwuanyi

By Emeka Mamah


Ugwuanyi of Enugu

State has asked the

Federal Government to

compel companies with

licences or leases to

mining fields in the state

to commence operations

or have such rights


Ugwuanyi noted that the

practice of holding on to

mining leases without

utilising them could be

eliminated if governors

were involved in the

review process leading to

issuance of licences.

He spoke when

members of the Revenue

Mobilisation, Allocation

and Fiscal Commission,

RMAFC, paid him a

courtesy visit at the

Government House,

Enugu, yesterday.

The governor, however,

commended the Federal

Government in its efforts

to diversify the economy

and reduce the country’s

dependence on oil,

pointing out that the

measure would improve

its revenue and bolster

economic activities across

the country.

IPOB lauds Buhari’s

comments on ‘secession’

By Nwabueze Okonkwo

& Chimaobi Nwaiwu


Indigenous People of

Biafra, IPOB, yesterday, said

it welcomed, with open arms,

the recent declaration by

President Muhammadu

Buhari that anybody who

wants to, is free to leave


The group said it is,

therefore, expressing the hope

that Buhari would now stop

the arrest and detention of

peaceful and unarmed IPOB

members, who are agitating for

Biafra and hurriedly release

their detained leader, Mazi

Nnamdi Kanu and others, who

they described as illegally

detained prisoners of


In a statement by their

spokespersons, Mr. Emma

Nmezu and Dr. Clifford

Iroanya, IPOB declared: “We

look forward to President

Muhammadu Buhari making

arrangements for a bipartisan

meeting of Arewa-dominated

Nigeria and IPOB for the

purpose of determining the

modalities and date of a

Biafrexit referendum to

determine the will of the

people once and for all, so that

we can go home and rebuild

our battered but blessed nation

•... says no to conditions

of Biafra.”

In the statement entitled

IPOB welcomes Muhammadu

Buhari’s declaration on the

impending disintegration of

Nigeria, but says no to certain

conditions he attached to it,

IPOB said that for once,

Buhari had spoken reasonably

though his conditions are not

acceptable to them.

According to the statement,

“Buhari needs to come to terms

with the fact that IPOB will not

leave any part of Biafraland,

from the plains of Idoma to the

shorelines of Opobo Kingdom,

to become a conquered

territory like the Yoruba-owned

Ilorin, which today is under a

caliphate rule answerable to

the Sultan of Sokoto and not

the Ooni of Ife.”

By Emeka Mamah

ENUGU—THE South-East

zone of All Progressives

Congress, APC, has appealed

to the Senate to reconsider its

rejection of the $29.680 billion

loan requested by President

Muhammadu Buhari for

provision of infrastructure

between 2016 and 2018,

Insisting that the restoration

of the nation of Biafra is

irrevocably sacrosanct and

irreversible, that no amount of

gamesmanship on the part of

Buhari and his colonial

handlers can stop it, IPOB

noted that by that declaration,

Buhari seemed to have bowed

to international pressure to

consider the inevitable

disintegration of Nigeria,

though with conditions found

to be inconsistent with

common sense and logic.

IPOB quoted Buhari as

declaring to Niger Delta

leaders that “any Nigerian is

free to leave the country if they

have another one.... If

anybody has a country to go

to, let him go, we will stay here

and salvage our country.”

pointing out that the rejection

was not only ill-advised, but

an ill-wind that would not

blow anyone any good.

This was contained in a

statement by the Zonal

Publicity Secretary of the

party in the area, Hyacinth

Ngwu, in Enugu yesterday.

The statement read: “We

believe the loan, which is



threaten to

shut Enugu


By Dennis Agbo


Enugu State

government makes haste to

reconcile with the Nigeria

Railway Corporation, NRC,

the transport agency may

soon close all roads in the

state that intersect rail lines.

Eastern District Manager

of NRC, Mr. Olamisesede

Adeeyinwo, made the

disclosure while interacting

with Vanguard in Enugu,


He said the proposed

action became necessary

following an ultimatum the

state government gave NRC

as a result of last week’s

killing of a man by a train at

Holy Ghost area of Enugu

metropolis, blaming the state

government and Federal

Ministry of Works for failure

in maintaining level

crossings on rail lines at

different intersections in the


End recession,




By Chinonso Alozie


of Alvan Ikoku Federal

College of Education,

Owerri, Imo State, Dr.

Blessing Ijeoma, has

challenged members of the

Nigeria Academy of

Education, NAE, in the

country to end economic

recession through research.

According to the Provost,

who spoke at the 2016

Annual Congress of the NAE

in Owerri, time had come to

start thinking outside the box

to find lasting solutions to the

economic meltdown, for

which she said the academia

must take the lead.

She said: “Our nation has

coasted along for too long,

paying lip service to

diversification. With the

decline in oil prices and the

increased drive by many

countries to explore the use

of alternative energy sources,

we must innovate or suffer

grave consequences.”

APC asks Senate to reconsider rejection of $30bn loan

within the acceptable Debt

Management Office, DMO, debt

threshold of 19.39 per cent for

External Debt/GDP ratio and far

below 56 per cent debt threshold

for External Debt/GDP ratio by

the World Bank’s Country Policy

and Institutional Assessment,

CPIA, for countries in Nigeria’s

peer group, respectively, is

sustainable in the medium term.”

16 — Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016

Vanguard, THURSDAY NOVEMBER 3, 2016 — 17





18 — Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016

THE Senate arm of the National

Assembly took an important step

towards checking the longstanding

menace of sexual

harassment, especially in higher

institutions recently, when it

passed the Sexual Harassment in

Tertiary Institutions Bill into law.

The Bill sponsored by Senator

Ovie Omo-Agege, prescribes a jail

term of five years or a fine of five

million Naira against any lecturer

found culpable of sexually

harassing female students. It also

protects lecturers and educators

from false accusation by

prescribing severe punishments for

students who engage in the act.

Criminalisation of sexual

misconduct in educational

institutions has become

imperative, as this practice has

been in existence for a very long

time with very little done to

address it holistically.

Given the complex nature of

sexual harassment, we are pleased

Checking sexual harassment

in schools

to note that this Bill provides

safeguards for both students and

lecturers from any form of

victimisation. However, we believe

it is too simplistic to limit the law

to tertiary institutions and

lecturers when it is obvious that the

social malaise pervades almost

every strata of academic pursuit

and all cadres of staff of

educational institutions who are

often tempted to use the influence

of their positions for sexual


The law alone, when it becomes

operational, may not go far in

addressing the problem. Efforts

should be made to spell out in more

detail, the nature of this problem

and procedures for tackling it in all

schools. Perhaps, we need to borrow

a leaf from the United States which,

pursuant to Title IX of the Education

Amendments of 1972, caused the

Department of Education to spell out

the modus operandi of the law

through the Sexual Harassment

Guidance of 1997.

Among other things, it was made

clear that even if students and their

educators mutually consent to

exchange sexual favours for grades,

it is still a punishable act as it

compromises academic integrity. It

also provides for sanctions,

irrespective of the sex of the


The law should be properly finetuned

to ensure that the era of

educational staff seeing sexual

extortion of students as part of their

“fringe benefits” is over, and that

the nation is now serious in

protecting its young men and women

and also staff from sexual predators

and blackmailers in educational


A major challenge that may be

difficult to overcome is the difficulty

in providing proof of allegations of

unwholesome sexual advances, more

so as students caught in the dilemma

might not want to step forward and

testify to avoid scandals and


More effort should also be put into

getting school authorities to act with

dispatch when complaints are

lodged, and to face sanctions when

they fail to act to protect the

integrity and honour of their

students and staff as may be


Much ado about about northern

By Simon Abah

THE prerequisites for the greatness of

a modern-day country include the

presence of visionary leaders, abundance

of productive human capital,

infrastructure, technology, constant

research, a stable environment (political

and socio-cultural), the capability of

defending the territorial integrity of state

and the ability to inspire pride in citizens.

I am inundated with random stories that

resources from southern Nigeria were

used by northern military potentates in

time past to develop the north. And this

accounts for why the south today is

grappling with dire economic challenges.

Which north? The one I was raised in?

Where are the manufacturing companies

employing thousands in the North? And

even though the insurgency no doubt has

stalled economic prosperity of the people

of the north-east, there wasn't an economic

demarche by the government of that

region before the insurgency.

When people elsewhere are busy making

plans to launch satellites into space, to

venture to the moon, we glory in

jawboning people negatively.

Our educational foundations which is to

prepare our youths for camaraderie

without borders are now mean-spirited,

hate-filled centres, where youngsters are

groomed to look at others as our 'enemy.'

The governors of the North have not

managed the many companies owned by

the Northern Nigeria Development

Corporation. Nearly all the companies

they once managed are all gone . How sad

to think of the loss of revenue to the

government which offered the chance to

provide people with a means of sustainable


Seventy percent of Nigeria's economy is

located in the south whereas the north

controls barely thirty percent. The

investments of the northern political elite

is mainly situated in the south. No need

for second-telling but the human

The harsh reality is that

visioners are few in the

polity and this has

contributed to our

retrogession as a people

development index in the north over the

years is horrendous. The north is

landlocked and depends on southern ports

for importation.

So tell me, how is the north better than

the south. Today's Northern leaders are

not bothered about developing the region.

Most of the legacies of Sir Ahmadu Bello

are now in ruins with no abatement from

rhetoricians in the north who are more

interested in self-development than

regional good.

And like the elite in other regions in

Nigeria, the northern elite venture out to

seek medical help outside our borders. The

hospitals in the north aren't well-equipped

for all manner of ailments.



Many who were not raised with silver

spoon in their mouths upon becoming

political office-holders also embark on this

expensive junkets (medical holiday) away

from Nigeria, at the nation’s expense even

at a time of dwinddling national fortune

such as now.

Remembering yesterday, northern

students revered lecturers but not

anymore like their southern counter

parts. The forte of the student union leaders

today is to teach "these lecturers a lesson."

Their unionism is defined by the paroxysm

of shouting matches. Respect for the

elderly lecturers today is negotiated.

Those days many a Nigerian opted to stay

in Nigeria when they had opportunity to

venture out like "Andrew" but not any

longer. Northerners and Southerners all

suffer from cultural cringes and must

travel out when the need arises to

participate in training overseas, even for

courses that can be handled in-country.

When they return, they must go after the

jugular of north versus south seeking

regionalistic relevance. Forgetting that

even though Japan attacked Pearl

Harbour both the US and Japan now are

allies. The past is behind them.

The black man was once called a "negro"

in America. Then the 'negro' asked to be

called a 'black man.' Today they are called

'African-Americans.' Mexicans prefer to

be called 'Hispanics' and 'Latinos'. Indian

Americans say they are 'native

Americans.' But in Nigeria I am called a

"stranger" in another state and although I

was born in that state the status quo

remains so long as I am not a native of

that state. This happens everywhere in


I wish everyone knew that George Bush,

the 41st president of the United States lay

claim to more than one home state: the

states of Missouri where his mother is

from, Massachusetts where he is born,

Ohio where his father is from and Texas

where he lives.

Will there ever come a day when we will

transit to something positive?

The problem of Nigeria cuts across all

regions. A selfish cabal over time

mismanaged the natural resources of the

country. The south south for instance

collects money from four different sources.

The federal government, NDDC, Ministry

of Niger Delta Affairs and state internal

generated revenue. In spite of this, the

state of affairs in that region is nothing to

write about.

When I travel to Bayelsa and see

northerners fishing in the open waters,

and selling same to the local people, I

shake my head. Whatever happened to

the capacity of the locals?

The harsh reality is that visioners are

few in the polity and this has contributed

to our retrogession as a people. The north

is worse-off and a trip there would

reinforce the fact that the resources from

the south hasn't developed the north as

behemoths would want people to believe.

Some even point to Abuja as a northern

enclave despite its centrality to all parts

of the country.

* Mr. Abah, a teacher, wrote from Port

Harcourt, Rivers State.

Vanguard, THURSDAY NOVEMBER 3, 2016 — 19





Banks’ outstanding loans rise to N13.8trn

against sluggish deposit growth

By Emeka Anaeto, Economy Editor

OUTSTANDING banking industry

loans to the economy as at end of

third quarter 2016 rose by N2.1

trillion to N13.8 trillion, about 17.9 per cent

rise against N11.7 trillion recorded in the

corresponding period of 2015.

The new figure is made up of loans that

have matured but remain either unpaid,

rolled-over or restructured, as well as new

ones created in the period under review.

‘FRC overbearing stance disincentive to businesses’

By Nkiruka Nnorom

SHAREHOLDERS under the aegis of

Independent Shareholders Association

of Nigeria, ISAN, yesterday said that the

overbearing position of the Financial

Reporting Council in relation to regulation

of financial institutions, if unchecked, is

capable of destroying business interests in

the country.

They said that the Council under the

Secretary, Jim Obazee, through various

regulations brought to bear on companies,

tries to elevate itself to the position of

‘another super regulator over existing

sectoral regulators.

ISAN National Coordinator, Sir Sunny

Nwosu, stated these while making the

position of the association known on the

new National Code of Corporate

Governance for private sector in Lagos. The

new code became effective on October 17,


According to him, there are some observed

contradictions in the FRC Code, which are

in direct conflict with existing laws

governing some sectors, while the short

period provided for compliance might

rubbish the initiatives of the FRC and

Reporting on selected banking

industry statistics for the period, the

National Bureau of Statistics, NBS,

yesterday, indicated that the 17.9 per

cent increase of loan portfolio was

coming against just 4.02 per cent

growth in deposit base of the banks to

N18.1 trillion in third quartwer of

2016 from N17.4 trillion within the

same period in 2015.

The figures represent a growing

funds mismatch, capital adequacy

MEETING: From Left – Mrs. Elke Helen, Deputy CEO, Giessen Friedberg Chamber of Commerce

and Industry; Dr Matthias Leder, CEO, Giessen Friedberg Chamber of Commerce and Industry;

Chief Dr. Mrs. Nike Akande, President, Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI); Mr

Robert Malzachar, Head, German Law and Taxes, Giessan Friedberg Chamber of Commerce

and Industry and Mr Joachim Muench, Advisor, Development Cooperation of Hessian CCI -

Alliance during the Business Meeting betwwen the Giessen Friedberg Chamber of commerce,

Germany and the LCCI at the Commerce House, yesterday.

suggested three years transitional

period to enable companies rationalise

their executive directors.

Some gray areas being contested by

the ISAN include provision of the Code

which allows executive directors of

companies to be appointed board

members of another company or

companies. Time frame provided or

cool off period before a former executive

director can be appointed chairman of

same company he served to a maximum

of 10 years and the engagement of two

auditing firms and the provision of the

Code that companies shall have not less

than five directors among others.

He stated that all the issues were raised

at the public hearing prior to the review

of the Code but was ignored by the

Council, except for the provision relating

to chairmanship of audit committee that

was expunged before the final draft was

released by the FRC.

He stressed that while shareholders are

not in support of reckless conduct by

management of companies, they would

not allow the overbearing stance of the

Council to destroy their investment in

the capital market. Nwosu, therefore,

stress and liquidity ratio challenges

in the banking industry in line with

the report of the Central Bank of

Nigeria, CBN, for the first half of 2016

which pointed to inadequacies in

funding of banks’ assets mainly loan

portfolio, with about N4.9 trillion

funding gap recorded as at end of

June, 2016. Reporting the funds

maturity mismatch for the period

ended June 2016, CBN had stated

‘‘the industry pre-shock position

revealed that the shorter

end of the market less

than or equal to 30-day

and 31- to 90-day

buckets was adequately


‘‘In the less than or

equal to 30 day bucket,

five banks were not

stated that the association would

explore every available option,

including law suits to get the FRC

to overturn the contentious


He said: “ISAN’s categorical position

on the Code mostly stemmed from

the perceived negative implications

of over regulation of the nation’s

corporate world, particularly the

financial industry and the noticeable

contradictions and conflicts with the

subsisting Companies and Allied

Matters Act, CAMA, as amended.

The review raised the concern by

ISAN on the suffocating effect of the

Code on entrepreneurial aspirations

and initiatives of Nigerians and

persons seeking to establish

business in the country. This is based

on the provision of the code that

companies must have not less than

five directors. This provision is seen

by ISAN as an unnecessarily

expansionary and costly for Micro

Small and Medium Enterprises,

MSMEs, noted as engine of the

nation’s economy.”


B a n k i n g

industry, medium

and small bank

groups, showed

vulnerability to

the most severe

shock of 200 per

cent rise in NPLs

as their CAR fell

to 8.01, 2.51 and -

83.32 per cent


adequately funded, while in the 31-

to 90- day bucket, nine banks had

funding gaps. The cumulative

position for the industry showed an

excess of N4.9 trillion assets over


Also in its first half year 2016

financial stability report the apex

bank stated: ‘‘large banks were

resilient to credit risk and would be

able to sustain an impact of the most

severe shock of a 200 per cent rise

in non-performing loans NPLs as

it resulted in 12.60 per cent Capital

Adequacy Ratio, CAR, which was

above the 10 per cent minimum


‘‘However, banking industry,

medium and small bank groups,

showed vulnerability to the most

severe shock of 200 per cent rise in

NPLs as their CAR fell to 8.01, 2.51

and -83.32 per cent respectively’’.

The apex bank also said that large

banks showed significant resilience

to credit concentration risk as their

CAR remained above 10 per cent

under the respective shocks and


According to its report, under the

scenario of “five biggest corporate

obligor credit facilities shifting from

doubtful to lost”, CARs of the

banking industry, large, medium

and small banks would deteriorate

to 9.24, 13.09, 0.90 and -38.52 per

cent, from 14.74, 15.65, 11.99 and

3.16 per cent respectively, adding

that under this scenario, large banks

maintained CARs above minimum

requirement of 10 per cent, while

all other peered banks recorded less

than 10 per cent CARs.

Presenting the liquidity challenge

CBN had said that ‘‘the result of the

liquidity stress test it conducted

within first half of 2016 revealed

that after a one-day run, the

liquidity ratio for the industry would

decline to 30.1 per cent from the 43.0

per cent pre-shock position, and to

5.3 per cent after a cumulative 30-

day run.

It added: ‘‘A 5-day and cumulative

30-days run on the banking industry

would result in a liquidity shortfall












$162.00 0.55

$2,697.00 1.00

$21.15 -0.04

$47.58 -0.56

$45.99 -0.68

304 304.5 305

369.1776 369.7848 370.392

332.12 332.6663 333.2125

305.7735 306.2764 306.7793

2.8848 2.8895 2.8943

0.4881 0.4981 0.5081

417.6291 418.316 419.0029

44.8269 44.9011 44.9753

81.0472 81.1805 81.3138

416.9968 417.6827 418.3685

CBN Exchange rate as at 2/11/2016

20—Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016


The most important pillar you

need to succeed is to innovate;


you need to unleash your

creative power in times like this


Entrepreneurs must be

innovative, creative


By Nkiruka Nnorom

ENTREPRENEURS and anybody desirous

of starting his own business must put on

their thinking cap and unleash their creative

powers at this time when the country is going

through a recession in order to continue to stay


Dr. Dakuku Peterside, Director General, Nigeria

Maritime Administration and Safety Agency,

NIMASA, made the proposition at the Lagos/

South West, University of Liverpool Alumni in

Nigeria, 2016 Business and Career Fair, in Lagos.

He said it is important for entrepreneurs to

develop what he termed, ‘The You Economy”,

rather than continue to wait for the country’s

economy to improve before taking important

decisions that would move their companies

forward. He observed that remarkable progress

are usually made in challenging times as long

as business owners are willing to dare and step

outside their current position.

Speaking on the theme of the programme,

“Staying Afloat: Strategies for Surviving and

Thriving in Challenging Times”, he said that

entrepreneurship involves identifying existing

gaps with a view to fill them, creating something

originally not in existence or improving on

something already in existence, while insisting

that those innovations must also be relevant to

the market need. He emphasized the need for

entrepreneurs to originate their own ideas.

Most important


Dakuku argued that money is not the most

important tool required by entrepreneurs to

succeed, but rather a well thought out plan and

detailed execution of the plan. He said: “The most

important pillar you need to succeed is to

innovate; you need to unleash your creative power

in times like this.

Innovation is, in itself, the key to unlocking your

potentials in times of depression if you truly want

to maximize or optimize opportunities in times

like this. It is good to be an employer of labour,

but you cannot be an employer of labour if you

are not offering service and if you are not offering

service, then, there is no reason to be an employer

of labour. There must be something you are


You must have entrepreneurial capacity and

you must be addressing a need, if not, you cannot

be said to be an entrepreneur. At best, you are a

trader. You must have your personal plan; you

must have your financial plan, an investment plan

and growth plan, including investing in

advancing yourself and you must be mentally

ready to follow through with your plan. You must

retool yourself to be mentally alert to execute your

plan,” Peterside added.

To innovate, he said there is need for

entrepreneurs to study their environment, the

marketplace and build the network necessary to

leverage on opportunities.

In her welcome address, Mrs. Joy Duncan,

Coordinator, Lagos/South West, University of

Liverpool Alumni in Nigeria, said the programme

is an annual event that offers members

opportunity to continuously learn in an informal


Speaking on the theme, she said they ensure

that their themes align with the current economic

realities to prepare members to take advantage

of opportunity presented by every situation.


Tony Elumelu Foundation draws government,

institutional support

•Microsoft commits $300m, AfDB, ECOWAS, others too

By Yinka Kolawole

THE effort of the Tony Elumelu

Foundation (TEF) to develop and

empower young entrepreneurs from

across African countries has received a

huge boost with the Foundation

attracting the support of regional

institutions and private organisations.

Chairman/Founder of TEF, Mr. Tony

Elumelu disclosed this last weekend, in

Lagos, at the 2 nd annual TEF

Entrepreneurship Forum, a gathering of

about 1,000 young men and women

STARTING a business is a bit

like falling in love for the

first time: it’s exciting,

exhilarating, and new. You want

to savour each moment and be your

very best every minute of every


After the adrenaline rush

subsides, however, reality sets in

and you may discover that not

everything about running a

business is so wonderful. There

will be tasks you don’t like to do,

activities you find stale

and boring, technical difficulties

to test your patience, and clients

and vendors who might challenge

you. Here are some tips for falling

in love again with your small


Delegate tasks

If they really don’t need your

personal attention or expertise,

consider handing them over to

someone who is perfectly capable

entrepreneurs drawn from 54 African


The Forum celebrates the 2016 cohort of

Elumelu Entrepreneurs, selected from over

45,000 applicants. It is the annual highlight

of the Tony

Elumelu Entrepreneurship Programme (TEEP)

and saw the presence of leading policy

makers and business leaders from across

Africa, giving their support to the

Foundation and its promise to identify, train,

mentor and seed 1,000 entrepreneurs in

a decade-long $100

million commitment. Following the Forum,

FORUM - From left: Former Prime Minister of Benin Republic, Lionel

Zinsou; former President Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria; President Ernest

Bai Koroma of Sierra Leone; Mr. Tony Elumelu, Founder of Tony Elumelu

Foundation; Mrs. Awele Elumelu, CEO Avon Medical; Mrs. Folorunsho

Alakija, Vice Chair of Famfa Oil; and Alhaji Lai Mohammed, Minister of

Information, Tourism and Culture, at the 2nd Annual Tony Elumelu

Entrepreneurship Forum in Lagos.

How to love your business again

of tending to them. So, if entering

expenses in your accounting software

or proofreading proposals drags you

down, lighten up by giving the

responsibility to an employee or

virtual assistant.

Streamline processes

Take an objective look at how you’re

managing your employees, producing

your products and services, and

running your business overall to

identify where your productivity hits

roadblocks. Then, brainstorm with

your team to discover tactics and tools

that can improve workflow and yield

better results.



Business owners need to set time

aside not only to do the work, but also

to plan. No matter how small or large

your business, you need to consider the

big picture, identify goals and

each entrepreneur is eligible to

receive up to $10,000 to implement

their business plan.

Specifically, Elumelu acknowledged

the support of both Nigerian and

Ivorian governments, ECOWAS, the

International Trade Centre (ITC) in

Geneva, and Microsoft which has

committed $300 million worth of

business software to help TEF

entrepreneurs manage their


“In addition to our advocacy and

research, the Foundation has thrown

out a challenge to all stakeholders -

from the public sector to the private

sector, to civil society, multilateral

organisations and individualsinvested

in Africa’s economic




The challenge is to tell us how to take

action to support African entrepreneurs

and improve the enabling environment

for entrepreneurs to succeed. And, I

am delighted to inform you that we are

off to a great start.

The Nigerian government has

accepted the TEF Challenge and

committed to working with us to

improve the enabling environment for

entrepreneurs in the much-neglected,

yet growing, creative industries; the

government of Cote D’Ivoire has

adopted the TEF model to identify,

train mentor and seed thousands more

aspiring Ivorien entrepreneurs;

objectives, and create a roadmap to

guide you toward success. Schedule

time on your calendar, at least weekly,

to review your master plan and check

your progress toward achieving your


Join networking group

Socializing face to face with

inspiring entrepreneurs and

professionals always motivates me.

Energy and enthusiasm are truly

contagious. Get out there to mix,

mingle, and revive your business

drive and determination.

Find new opportunities

Look for ways to expand upon your

business offerings and enter new

markets. And add new team members

or promote my existing staff to higher

positions. New opportunities,

whether you’re on the receiving or

giving end, can recharge your

batteries like nothing else.

*Culled from

Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016 — 21



As a result of dwelling

on positive thinking,

organisation performances

have been impacted



ECOWAS will partner with the

Foundation to develop a regional

strategy to promote entrepreneurship

and Africapitalism in the West Africa

region; the International Trade

Center in Geneva and the Nigerian

Export Promotion Council (NEPC)

will work with us to achieve their goal

of helping to connect one million

female entrepreneurs to global

markets; Coca-Cola is doing

something similar with women on

the private sector side by

incorporating a million women into

their global supply chain; General

Electric is providing skills

development for African SMEs; and

Microsoft is providing a whopping

$300 million worth of business

software to help the TEF

entrepreneurs manage their

There are

many more



can do to



and improve

the enabling


businesses in a systematic and

sustainable way.”

Elumelu promised to continue to

challenge all stakeholders to do more

to develop entrepreneurship in

Africa.He gave examples of the kinds

of commitments the Foundation

hopes to secure in the coming years.

These, according to him, include:

Large corporates, philanthropies

and high networth individuals

stepping up to help fund some of

the great ideas that TEF and other

organisations are not able to finance;

Governments to take measures to

increase the ease of business

incorporation; To provide tax relief,

incentive and singular collection

points for federal, state and local

business taxes; and for any of the

stakeholders to set up or invest in

SME industrial parks and incubators

across Africa.

“For example, through CC-Hub,

TEF provided seed capital of $5,000

each to 20 Nigerian start-ups, several

of which have grown to national and

international acclaim. In fact, CC-

Hub has grown to attract the attention

of legendary Mark Zuckerburg, the

creator of Facebook. But TEF saw

their potential much earlier and more

of these types of gems should be

given, not a handout but a hand up

to unleash their potential to grow,

scale and transform large segments

of society with new jobs, new

innovations and help to create the new

narrative of Africa. There are many more

things stakeholders can do to support

entrepreneurs and improve the

enabling environment,” he stated.

Elumelu said the Foundation’s

ambition is for the selected

entrepreneurs to become ambassadors

for entrepreneurship in Africa,

describing them as “a generation of

wealth creators, who share our

commitment to the economic and social

transformation of Africa.” He also

shared the testimony of

Momarr Mass Taal, the CEO

of Tropingo Foods, who has turned his

first $5,000 seed capital received from

the Foundation last year, into a $1.2

million revenue business. ”I want many

more of these,” he added.

In his remark, President Ernest Bai

Koroma of Sierra Leone hailed the TEF

programme as “a genuinely innovative

approach to philanthropy in Africa –

an African offering African

solutions. What is unique about this

programme is that it not only provides

a platform for entrepreneurs to build

connections, but they are also being

taught how to build their businesses in

a sustainable way.”

The TEF forum also featured a highlevel

panel dedicated to identifying

policies to strengthen the enabling



entrepreneurs, moderated by BBC

anchor, Lerato Mbele, with panellists

including President Ernest Bai Koroma

of Sierra Leone; Nigeria’s former

President Olusegun Obasanjo; former

Prime Minister of Benin Republic,

Lionel Zinsou; Alhaji Lai Mohammed,

Minister of Information, Tourism and

Culture and; Mrs. Folorunsho Alakija,

Vice Chair of Famfa Oil.

Resilience and


In her contribution, Alakija

congratulated the entrepreneurs,

praised TEF’s focus on

entrepreneurship and shared

her own personal story of

perseverance to demonstrate the

entrepreneurs need for resilience and

doggedness. Obasanjo emphasized

patience to the young entrepreneurs.

In his words, “For strength in life you

need a bit of adversity.”

He also called on the Nigerian

government to implement policies that

encourage investors and entrepreneurs

to do business in Nigeria. Former Prime

Minister of Benin, Lionel Zinsou,

commended the Tony Elumelu

Foundation, stating “What Tony

Elumelu is doing is the exception, not

the norm.”

Other speakers at the event included

Clare Akamanzi, Representative of

President Kagame of Rwanda,

Kennedy Uzoka, Group CEO

of the United Bank for

Africa Plc (UBA), Minister of Solid

Minerals, Dr. Kayode Fayemi, and Mr.

Segun Awolowo, CEO of Nigerian

Export Promotion Council, amongst


Positive thinking no longer enough for

organisation's growth

“Embracing vulnerability is your path to

wholeness”…Rosalene Glickman

WITH the current realities and

business uncertainties, what brings

about success in your organisation today

might not bring the same success tomorrow.

An idea, thought, or belief that we have

been used to in the time past and that has

worked may not work for us in the same

manner it did in the time past. But that does

not mean that those ideas or beliefs that

worked in the time past are not necessary,

they may still be necessary, but are not

sufficient for today’s world. They could be

parts of the ingredients needed for success

in your organisation, but are not sufficient

ingredients. In a bid to improve our

individual performances, we have been

introduced to positive thinking. We have

been thought amongst other things to be

positive and things will be okay, avoid

negativity, always alienate ourselves from

any negative thoughts or feelings, and

always believe that situations

will improve over time. A very

pertinent question to ask

ourselves is: can our

organisational problems simply

varnish because we have

positive thinking mindset? Is

positive thinking enough in this

ever changing and turbulent


on positive

thinking as a

magical way

to achieve

result in this

e v e r



world could

only do more

harm to


than good.

It is



to grow



by mere





For years, the motto of the

productive world has been

“Think Positive.”

Even countries are not left out, with or without

clear cut game plans, they are always positive

that challenges like terrorism, unemployment,

unfavourable economic situations etc will one

day become things of the past. The reality is

that without being definite of what to do whether

as a country or an organisation challenges and

issues will continue to rear its ugly head. I

remembered speaking to a young entrepreneur

who was having serious challenges driving

sustainable business.

During our meeting, my first question to him

was: what do you think will happen to your

business given the current situation? He quietly

answered, “I am positive that things will

improve in the future”. Having said that, I

quickly asked him; do you have clear cut

strategies of what to do? His answer clearly

showed that he has left the success of business

to chance or fate.

In another situation, a senior person in an

organisation (in my presence) has also told his

subordinate who had some official challenges

and required a superior input to “just be

positive” that with time everything will be okay.

Off course, I quickly advised him to call back

that his subordinate (who had trust in him) and

proffer step by step solutions and never pretend

there was no problem.

The truth is that it is totally impossible to grow

any organisation by mere wishful thinking or

by being positive without having a strong

desire to commit plans to actions. So, are we

saying that positive thinking is not necessary

in this age and time? No, positive thinking is

valuable, and useful, however dwelling only


The belief of most organisation is that positive

thinking is always in there best interest, but that

is not always the case. We have been thought to

always see the brighter side of the business alone

and most of the times, we ignore the treats and

the warning signals for optimisation. Martin

Seligman, who wrote Learned Optimism said, if

the cost of failure is high optimism is the wrong

strategy. As a result of dwelling alone on positive

thinking, organisation performances

have been impacted negatively; bad

debt has increased and the road map

to organisational success has been

reduced to mere wishful thinking or

“business as usual”.

We all remembered when

foreclosures were off the charts in

America. What did you think that

happened? Many people bought

homes when they did not have the

money to pay for them. They

suppressed their doubts and

concerns, and eventually were hit

with foreclosure. In addition, the

global financial crisis that we had

came as a result of questionable strategies that

were used by some Wall Street executives.

Those that questioned the workability of those

strategies and who also expressed doubt were

labeled negative thinkers. Indeed, positive

thinking has not been enough. The world and

indeed the business world require a more

realistic style of thinking that empowers

individuals and organisations to be their best

and at the end deliver targeted results.

In most organisations, positive thinking is

often used to suppress negativity. Why do I

say so? Because many positive thinkers often

judge, suppress, and ignore negativity. What

they want to hear alone is good news, and as a

result they distance themselves from any

negative thoughts, events or actions that are

likely to ruin their organisations. They often

do not pay attention to the red flags.

Like, Dr Rosalene Glickman will say: by

alienating themselves from negativity, they

sacrifice authenticity, vulnerability, wholeness

and intimacy. Secondly, it is often no more than

wishful thinking. It is a mere wishful thinking

when an organisation announces that they

want to make $10 million in six months without

having clear cut strategies.

Believe me, a lot of organizations engage in

this kind of false expectations all in a bid to

sound positive. Thirdly Positive Thinking has

different shades. There are extraordinary

positive thinkers and mediocre (moderate)

positive thinkers. Communications between

positive thinkers on different levels is often







Nestav and campaigns that changed flying


AT a time when about 47

airlines have closed shop

in Nigeria in the last 30 years as

a result of harsh operating

environment,Nesto Aviation

Services Limited, Nestav, a

charter service airline is taking

steps to ameliorate the situation.

However, industry operators

had argued that there has been

no remarkable change in the way

government agencies in the

aviation sector push out policies.

That however has not changed

the way airlines connect and

engage with ever more

experienced, connected, and

informed consumers, who

routinely ignore the

commercials thrown at them.



Airlines are today becoming

more sophisticated in their

marketing activities, and are

finding new ways to break

through the market.

As such, passengers are

witnessing the birth of many

creative campaigns from airlines,

be it experiential, social, mobile,

digital or traditional media


Thus, booking a seat on these

lines is becoming as easy as

ordering a movie from Netflix.

A number of companies are

trying to be the Uber of

THE Rivers State Signage

and Advertisement

Agency, RISAA, has threatened

to pull down advertisement

billboards of outdoor

practitioners if they fail to register

their firms by end of November


According to the Acting

Managing Director of RISSA,

Chukwudi Dimkpa, “every

outdoor structure owned by an

operator (Corporate or noncorporate

entity) must be

registered by its owner. Such

owner shall provide his

registration number as a

reference with application for a

Stories by Princewill Ekwujuru

chartered planes by letting fliers

book a flight with the tap of an


Today, Nestav is throwing its

catch phrase at customers,

safety, comfort and style as a

starting for getting a large chunk

of the market.

According to the Managing

Director of Nestav, Dr.

Chukwueloka Umeh, “flying with

us offers you access to the

services of some of the best

crews in the Nigerian Aviation


“From our team of pilots, cabin

attendants to ground crew, the

quest to provide you with your

desired travel experience is their

ultimate goal, because our team

Harcourt and Lagos, and

passenger pick-up services.

“Our fixed and rotary wings

charter services are dedicated to

providing customers first –rate

air travel experience.”

As the Managing Director

clearly stated, “the company

provides air transportation to

clients within and outside the

shores of Nigeria, and makes

traveling memorable through

the exceptional experience that

we provide on our fleet of

luxurious jets and helicopters.”

It is obvious the aviation

RISAA threatens outdoor firms over registration

CHIEF Executive Officer / Managing

Director Airtel Nigeria, Segun Ogunsanya,

has called on advertising practitioners to pay close

attention to digital advertising. Ogunsanya, who

was speaking at the 2016 Advertisers

Association of Nigeria, ADVAN Awards for

marketing excellence in Lagos, said that with the

ubiquitous nature of mobile devices, digital

advertising is the future of advertising.

According to him, there are over five billion

people with access to mobile phones; hence, a

mobile device remains the easiest way to connect

with people, especially the youths who are the

leaders of tomorrow. He noted that Millennials

are looking at many different screens for

In the face of new


worldwide at

airports, they

offer a massive

opportunity for


especially for

premium brands

is focused on providing

remarkable service and care for

our esteemed clients.” “With

operational bases in Port


He further stated that any

unregistered structure will be

classified as illegal and shall

be removed after a notice on

the structure and for a period

not exceeding in the first

instance 15 days and after 15

days which makes it a total of

30 days in all.

He further warned that the

cost of removing such

structures shall be borne by the

offending outdoor operator,

and the dismantled offending

structure impounded until, all

cost incurred by the Agency are

paid up, including a demurrage

that begins to count five

working days after the structure

is removed by the Agency.

In addition, he said in a

statement that by the

provisions of the law

establishing the Agency, “it

is unlawful for any person or

group to erect, construct,

enlarge or structurally modify

any outdoor structure or

operate any structure for

signage development without

being registered by the

Agency.” Owners and

operators of existing

structures shall obtain,

complete and submit the

prescribed registration form.

Airtel’s CEO, urges Ad Practitioners to focus on digital advertising

COMMISSIONING: From Left: Amb. Fidel Ayogu, Commissioner

for Environment and Mineral Resources, Enugu State; Mrs. Folasade

Morgan, Director, Legal, Public Affairs and Communications, Nigerian

Bottling Company Limited (NBC) and His Royal Highness, Igwe Tom

Inyiama, Traditional Ruler of Ogwofia Owa Community, Enugu state,

at the Inauguration ceremony of the ultra-modern town hall built by

NBC for the community.

advertising. They are now concentrating on digital

media, and advertising has to move to the digital

space. We, the clients, can no longer rely on

strategies counting on users to just watch our

messages on TV or listen on radio anymore. Nor

can we be so sure that consumers will watch a prime

time show at prime time, or in their homes, or out

of work hours, he said.

While speaking on what brands should do

differently, the Airtel CEO urged advertising

practitioners to ensure that engagement with

targeted audience is personal and relevant just

as he noted that brands must always adopt a two

way communication (conversation) with their

target audience so as to get feedback.

industry is going to witness a new

way of flying without blemish,”

he said.

“As an innovative airtransport

company that offers

charter services to individuals

and companies who seek safety,

luxury and comfort in their

travel experience, our fleet of

luxurious VIP jets, VIP

helicopters and utility

helicopters are equipped with

state-of-the –art facilities and are

very well maintained up to the

highest international standards,”

Umeh assured.

However, in the face of new

campaigns worldwide at

airports, they offer a massive

opportunity for advertising

especially for premium

brands. At the airport, the

audience is at its attentive best,

as approximately 60 percent of

airport travellers are important

decision makers in the public

and private sectors.

They are part of a larger social

network where certain goods

and services are advertised.

At the airport, waiting can be

both a must and a pleasure and

therefore an ideal situation for

communicating through


That is why for example in

2014, KLM took its social mediabased

customer service to

another level with a bold



#HappyToHelp. During five

days, a dedicated team scanned

social media for any passenger

facing travel woes throughout

the world, and responded with

real-time answers and support.

In another campaign in 2015,

KLM Flight Funding

demonstrated the brilliant use of

its own social media fans to raise

funds for a Dutch lady to fly to

Canada to visit her grandkids.

Not only was the idea simple and

remarkable, so was the

implementation when it all

played live on YouTube


Stanbic IBTC, CBN,

NCC to speak at

mobile money


By Favour Ikede

AS part of efforts to educate

Nigerians on the need to

further embrace the use of

mobile money in the country,

Stanbic IBTC, CBN and NCC are

to speak at the 2016 conference

of brand Journalists.

The 2016 conference themed,

‘’Mobile Money in Nigeria:

Challenges, Opportunities and

Threats” will feature seasoned

experts from the banking and

telecoms sectors to proffer

solutions to the challenges and

opportunities in the use of mobile

money payment solution.

The conference holds

between November 3 and 5 in

Lagos. Speaking on the

conference, its co-ordinator, Mr.

Goddie Ofose, said the annual

conference is specifically

designed to address issues

surrounding the effective use of

mobile money in the country and

to educate Nigerians on the need

for mobile money adoption.

Mobile money in other parts of

the world has become widely

accepted, especially in Kenya led

by Safaricom, the country’s largest

mobile-network operator which

provides platform for mobile

phones transactions without any

need to handle cash.

“The conference will address the

challenges that are affecting the

effective use of the platform in

Nigeria and also provide

extensive discussion to find lasting

solution to better ways of using

mobile money in the country”, he


Chivita ends social

media campaign

CHIVITA 100% fruit Juice

from the stable of Chi

Limited has ended its social

media promo.

The promo tagged, ‘My 100%

Achievement,’ was what the

brand required to consolidates

its affinity with consumers

across the digital space as it

highlighted the essential

elements of success and


The promo further reiterates

the brand’s understanding of

the Nigerian consumer who

wants to associate with the best

there is, the company said.

The company’s Head of

Marketing, Probal

Bhattacharya commended the

winners of the Promo for

participating in the contest.

He stated, “as we continue

to develop creative ways of

engaging consumers via our

various social media platforms,

it is our belief that they would

continue to explore the amazing

quality and benefits of Chivita

100%. As they strive to achieve

success or reach memorable

milestones in their lives, our

consumers deserve the best in

fruit juice and Chivita 100%

gives the best at all times.”

Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016—23

Labour, Obasanjo,

activists celebrate

40 years of FES

operations in Nigeria

By Victor Ahiuma-Young

IF there is any organization

within and outside Nigeria

that has remained unrivalled in

the empowerment of workers

especially in the area of

education and social justice, it

is Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, FES.

Little wonder labour leaders,

civil society activists, academics

among other stakeholders at the

40 years anniversary of FES

operation in Nigeria, reeled out

how the foundation impacted

positively on the lives of the


Among the guests were

former Nigerian President,

Chief Olusegun Obasanjo, Mr.

Ayuba Wabba, factional

President of Nigeria Labour

Congress, NLC, Dr. Frank-

Walter Steinmeier, Minister of

Foreign Affairs of the Federal

Republic of Germany, and Mr.

Kurt Beck, President of FES.

Political role of

trade unions

Officials of NLC, Trade Union

Congress of Nigeria, TUC,

Nigeria Union of Petroleum and

Natural Gas Workers,

NUPENG, National Union of

Electricity Employees, NUEE,

National Union of Textile,

Garment and Tailoring Workers

of Nigeria, NUTGTWN,

Federation of Informal Workers

of Nigeria, FIWON, United

Action for Democracy, UAD,

among others were also in


FES began its works in

Nigeria in 1976 and has been

collaborating with human rights

and pro-democracy groups, the

labour movement, researchers

and many civil society

o r g a n i z a t i o n s ,

parliamentarians, among

others. It cooperates with and

supports the Nigerian Labour

Congress, NLC, and the Trade

Union Congress of Nigeria,


While labour rights issues are

central to this project area the

political role of trade unions and

the labour movement in Nigeria

are also addressed.

Welcoming guests, Michael

roll, Resident Representative,

FES Nigeria, recalled the

history of FES in Nigeria and

the achievements, and assured

that the oganisation would

continue to impact positively

on Nigeria

On his part, President of FES,

Kurt Beck, recalled the peace

award presented to President

Olusegun Obasanjo in 1996,

when he was in prison during

the military dictatorship and

expressed happiness over the

level of democracy that Nigeria

had attained, saying it was

worth celebration.

Nigeria, German

relationship: According to

him, “Nigeria has become very

important not because of her

over 160 million population, but

because she is strategically

located in Africa”, stressing that

the success of 2015 general

elections in Nigeria was not a

small achievement.

He called for expansion of

the diplomatic ties between

Nigeria and Germany for the

growth and development of

both countries, saying FES was

ready to assist Nigeria to fight

the current recession, adding

that FES would continue to fight

for the poor, the elderly and

For me and

for labour

movement, it is

one opportunity

that we must

continue to

celebrate how FES

has supported the

working class and

also provided

funds to educate

our rank and file

other vulnerable members of

the society.

Speaking, Steinmeier,

declared that Nigeria had a lot

to celebrate for including her

youths, but insisted that she

had a long way to go in terms

of development, saying “FES

has been doing its best to assist

Nigeria. FES has impacted on

Nigeria positively including

Trade Unions.”

According to him, there were

many Nigerians living in

ANNIVERSARY: Mr. Kurt Beck, President of FES, Michael roll,

Resident Representative, FES Nigeria, former President Olusegun

Obasanjo, and Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Minister of Foreign Affairs

of the Federal Republic of Germany, at the event.

Germany, stressing that

Nigeria and Germany needed

to collaborate and work

together to address the

challenges of migration.

The Minister equally noted

that Nigeria was Germany's

most trading partner in Africa

and adding that both countries

needed cooperation at all levels

including civil societies, not

only at government levels.

Golden interaction: On

his part, Chief Obasanjo who

was the guest of honour, while

congratulating FES for its 40

years of golden and successful

activities and interaction of

FES in Nigeria, said the

relationship between Nigeria

and Germany had gone on

since the independence of

Nigeria and had gone very well

in the interest of both

countries, noting that

Nigerians felt extremely proud

of her relationship with


Obasanjo said: “For me and

my family, we will be eternally

grateful to FES. When for doing

nothing wrong, I was arrested

and put in jail. I would have

been forgotten in jail if not for

organizations like FES who

maintained their campaigns for

my release from jail.

Support for

workers’ education

What FES did was that while

I was in jail, I was awarded the

prize of the FES of Human

Right and my late wife went to

receive that prize on my behalf.

It of course made an impact

because as a result of such

activities that I was able to be

released from prison.”

He added that his relationship

with friends and colleagues in

Germany has gone many years

through his life including his

friendship with former German

Chancellor Helmut Heinrich

Waldemar Schmidt who he

shared many years of

friendship, saying that

relationship that we have

developed between Nigeria

and Germany, between FES



between individual

organisations, corporate

organizations and Nigeria,

between individual Germans



Nigerians must continue to be

cherished and to be


Speaking to Vanguard on the

activities of FES in Nigeria

during the past 40 years, Wabba

said: “It has done extremely well

especially in terms of workers

education. If you know the

history of FES, it is about a

worker who later became the

Ngige assures workers of

enhanced protection

MINISTER of Labour

and Employment

Senator Chris Nwabueze

Ngige, has assured Nigerians

of the commitment of President

Muhammadu Buhari to

continue to protect workers at


The minister who was

represented by the Permanent

Secretary, Federal Ministry of

Labour and Employment, Dr.

Clement Illoh, gave this

assurance while declaring open

the Validation Workshop for

Diving, Pressure Vessels and

Lifting Equipment regulations.

The minister said, ''technology

and development come with

various risks on the human

wellbeing. The ever changing

President of

G e r m a n y

through diligent

and hard work.

You can see the

passion where

FES priority is

how educate

workers and

citizens about

issues social

justice, politics

and how issues of

inclusiveness will

be able to drive

the process of


For me and for

labour movement,

it is one

opportunity that

we must continue

to celebrate how

FES has

supported the

working class and

also provided

funds to educate

our rank and file.

You are aware that

part of the

successes of

Harmattan and Rain Schools is

based on the support from FES

and we have also have a lot of

programmes together that FES

has provided support.

“But I think that the social

dimension of its support is what

is important because in most

other supports coming from

other countries, they try to tie

those supports to their issues

and interests. In the case of

FES, it is open ended where

you drive the process, FES

provides the fund and at the

end of the day, what it wants is

to ensure that the objective is

achieved. So, for me, I think that

is quite different from what we

see as foreign grant from other

countries. We must continue to

celebrate FES and continue to

encourage it because it has

done extremely well and we

congratulate the foundation on

its 40th anniversary.

world of work requires effective

and up to date intervention for

a preventative safety and health

culture. Therefore, the need for

subsidiary legislations to

address contemporary

challenges of safety and health

at work places is imperative.”

He stressed the benefits of the

regulation which includes

provision of a close guide for

stakeholders’ compliance with

relevant provisions of the

Factories Act for safe work

environment and processes,

provision of more details and

guide for the safe operations of

divers which will provide

reduction in incidents and their

consequences at work places

24 — Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016

Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMEBR 3, 2016 — 25

Continues on page 26

Continues on page 27

26—Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMEBR 3, 2016

Nigerian woman

selected as ‘top

tech woman’ by top

global company

Continues from page 25

transformation Mentoring is a

critical part of our talent strategy

and allows us to fully embrace the

unique styles, experiences,

identities, ideas and opinions of

all our associates”.

Stressing that there are so

many women in technology and

throughout the world, whose

stories we’ve not yet heard, she

says the programme offers a place

to share our stories experiences,

failures and successes.

“It provides real-life examples

of women who are changing the

world and empowering future

female technologists to aim

higher and go further. There has

never been a more exciting time

to be a woman in tech. Get ready

to be inspired,” he said.

Describing the events which

shaped her character, Umesiri

recants to Woman’s Own about

incidences and experiences here

in Nigeria.

”When you’re a woman

behind the wheel, people will

drive you off the lane. When I was

learning how to drive, I

remember this situation where

somebody wanted to cut me off.

My dad turned and shouted at

me, ‘Don’t shift. You have the

right of way. If you shift, you may

run yourself off the road.’



“I have seen that to be true.

Stay focused. I make sure that I

am not rattled, that I don’t do

damage to myself by being

reactive. That’s one of the biggest

lessons,” he said.

She said being an immigrant

meant she had to work extra

hard. “There are more

opportunities for women today

than in my mother’s time. I ask

myself, ‘Am I taking full

advantage of opportunities that

exist? Am I creating opportunities

for others? The way I see it is that

opportunities in life are like

planting a tree: every time you

cut one down, you should plant

one. Because of this, I try to

invest time in others and

encourage them to take

advantage of opportunities that

those who went before us labored

for,” he said.

In addition to being a

technologist, Umesiri is an

entrepreneur, having started up

two companies and also leads the

company’s Working Mother

Community called CareerMom.

She supports Africans in the

Diaspora events focused on

closing trade gaps between the

U.S. and Africa and creating

market access that leads to job

creation and poverty alleviation.

—Fitness Coach, Kwavi Agbeyegbe

Kwavi Agbeyegbe is a reputable Dietician and a weight loss expert/lifestyle

coach; as well as being a wife. She graduated with a degree in Information

and Technology at the University of West London and went further to obtain a

Master’s in Medical Informatics at a University in Boston, USA. Today, she

has gained a reputation in the US for having helped a lot of people stay

healthy and in shape. In this interview, she talks about her upcoming project

in Nigeria tagged, “the campaign” #MiraclesForMirable. MiraclesForMirable

is a Project for rape victims who do not have anyone to solicit for their cause

in Nigeria and is slated for November 12th, 2016.

Read on...

By Florence Amagiya

YOU are in the health and

fitness business, how have

you fared so far?

Health and Fitness is a passion of

mine. The business has its ups and

downs with more ups than downs,

however it’s so fulfilling and I love

the opportunity to help women find a

way to live a healthy life that fits their

schedule and lifestyle.

What additional thing do you

wish to add to this craft and love

if given the opportunity?

I would love to speak to young girls

so that they can start from an early

age to love and respect their bodies

and learn healthy habits.

You have taken this passion to

the US, do you wish that Africans

-perhaps Nigerians- have a taste

of your method in the nearest


In the past, I have had online clients

across Africa, however face-to-face

interactions with clients is so

powerful. My goal is to offer more live

events and wellness coaching

programs to women in Nigeria and

other countries in Africa utilizing a

combination of face-to-face and online


Tell us about your hatched

plans for the African woman/

Youth and girl child using

Nigerians as a case study.

My plan is to be able to create

programs that allow trained personnel

to speak to students at the secondary school

level making them aware of sexual assault/rape

and empowering them to realize that they are

•Kwavi Agbeyegbe

not to blame and there is no


As well as encouraging them

to speak up if it happens to them

or someone they know,

especially in our Nigerian

environment. Right now it is

difficult to tell how many people

experience rape or attempted

rape in their lifetime, or how

many rape survivors do not

report the crime to law


What support are you

looking at from the

Government, bearing in

mind that nothing like this

It is

difficult to

tell how

many people


rape or


rape in their


has ever been done or

achieved in Nigeria?

I would like to advocate for

the collaboration between the

law enforcement and judicial

systems, so that laws cannot just

be created but enforced. In this

way, that those that are found

Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMEBR 3, 2016 —27

to be guilty of sexual

assault or sexual

violence towards any

individual will be

held accountable.

These laws should be

National, and apply

to all states of the

country.( I would

also like the

government to look

into creating specific

laws that apply to

those that are found

guilty of sexual

assault or rape of

minors (anyone

under the age of 18)

So far, you have

been successful in

all your set

Projects with

great testimonies

from women all

around the world,

especially in the

US; would you

say you have what

it takes to push

this latest project

of yours to the

peak, bearing in

mind the

challenges you

would encounter

in this country?

I’m very aware of the

challenges ahead. However I

believe that taking steps, small

or otherwise is what will help

the mindset around sexual

assault and rape.

Awareness creates change,

you tell one person, they tell

another, using social media and

other methods and before you

know it a movement has been


Sexual assault

and rape dialogue

Everyone has a vested interest

in the sexual assault and rape

dialogue. Everyone has one or

more of the following – a

mother, grandmother, daughter,

sister, wife, aunt, female friends.

I can’t do this alone.

How would this project

benefit the public in



benefits all in various ways from

awareness to education. The

Kwavithon 5K event provides

the platform to bring awareness

of the prevalence of rape in our

community and opens up the

conversation on what we can do

to reduce the incidence of rape

in our society.

It could start with more

respect for these women, not

creating a climate that

encourages sexual assault, and

also making it easier for them

to identify and speak up about

their aggressors.

Where do you see this

project in Nigeria in the

next 10 years?

On a national level with

events being held in various

states to bring awareness to the

subject of rape and sexual

assault as well as more severe

consequences for those found

Health and

wellness also

includes mental

health, and

many victims of

sexual assault

end up being


affected in

different ways if

they do not

receive the

support and



they deserve

guilty of rape or sexual assault

anywhere in Nigeria.

What more should we be

expecting from you? You

are a weight loss coach, a

Lifestyle Coach and now


Philanthropy work and a

grassroots movement in Nigeria

where there is more awareness

and support for survivors of

sexual assault and rape.

Remember that health and

wellness also includes mental

health, and many victims of

sexual assault end up being

adversely affected in different

ways if they do not receive the

support and emotional

encouragement they deserve.

Let’s walk or run on Saturday,

November 12th to create

awareness and raise funds to

help support the efforts of the

Mirable Centre, a service,

which unfortunately is needed

in the Lagos community and its


The Kwavithon 5K is a

run/walk being organized

by International Lifestyle

Coach, Kwavi Agbeyegbe to

support the Mirable

Centre, a Sexual Assault

Referral Centre (SARC)

based in Lagos. The

Kwavithon 5K event

provides the platform to

bring awareness of the

prevalence of rape in our

community and opens up

the conversation on what

we can do to reduce the

incidence of rape in our

society. Currently over 70%

of the sexual assault/rape

survivors that come to

Mirable Centre are under

the age of 18.

Why women don’t report violence

Hon Mojisola Lasbat

Continues from page 25

plan for. I thank God who gave

me a very good and

understanding husband.

Are there challenges you

have encountered as you

assumed the office?

Every job has its peculiar

challenges. It has not been a

smooth ride but I thank God that

I have been able to manage the

few ones that I come across.

One of the challenges I

encountered was during the

budgeting period. As a new

lawmaker, the budget processes

were very rigorous. There was no

break and not even a Christmas

break until December 31 but at

the end of the day, I found it very

interesting, educative and I am

actually looking forward to the

next budget process.

Any sexual harassment?

Not at all. My belief is that

personal presentation matters, if

you portray yourself as desperate,

you are likely to fall prey to

harassment. But if you are a go

getter and people around you

know that you are focused, they

will respect you. A positive

minded person would always

commit his or herself into God’s


How about having to

address issues relating to

sexual harassment in your


The truth remains that issues

of sexual harassment are hardly

heard. People find it difficult to

talk about things like that in our

society. So, it is very difficult to

know who is going through such

problems in the society.

Sometime ago, I read something

in the Vanguard newspaper, the

story of a thirteen year old that

was raped by her neighbours

alongside a 60 years old man. I

raised a motion on that issue on

the floor of the House. This issue

is currently one of the priorities

of the House. We are monitoring

events as they unfold through

the commissioner of police and

definitely we are going to see it

through to the end of this

particular case.

Rights of


People should be encouraged

to speak up when they are

affected. The society should stop

discriminating against those

affected. I believe addressing this

issue is a gradual process.

Would you say there are

laws to fight the course of

women in Nigeria?

Certainly, there are laws that

protect the rights of women.

Unfortunately, the women

themselves are not doing enough

to make these laws effective.

Hardly would you see victims

come out openly to say what they

are going through. A news went

viral on social media about a male

teacher harassing a boarding

house student sexually. A panel

was set up to investigate the issue

but none of the students was

willing to speak including the one

who had earlier complained to her

mother, the mother was nowhere

to be found. People were of the

opinion that the mother was

actually trying to protect her child

from harassment, victimization

from the other teachers. It is


How do you intend to

address cases of Abuse,

domestic violence as a


The important thing is for

victims to come and then we will

take it up. We will ensure that

people get justice and that would

serve as deterrent and also

encourage people to speak up.

Failure to allow justice prevail

discourages most people from

speaking out.

Are you satisfied with the

way police and media handle

rape cases?

Their involvement has been

encouraging. However, I still

believe that all the stakeholders

need to put more effort.

What has been your

contribution in your

constituency since you

became a lawmaker?

I have been able to reach out to

my constituents in my little way. I

have given some free JAMB

forms. I have done a-one-week

free dental programme and also

dug some boreholes in some of

the areas. I am presently working

on a project for the students

among others.

Are those your duties as a


It is not the work of a lawmaker

but it is the kind of society that

we find ourselves in. Maybe the

media can help by sensitizing the

people on what our duties are.

Although, some people know but

they do not care while others do

not know.

At the same time, I believe I am

duty bound to serve my

community. I grew up among

them and I know what their needs

Continues on page 28

28—Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016

Getting the

best rest you


Most women are juggling what

seem to be a million different tasks as

they try to maintain balance by being

phenomenal homemakers, perfect

mothers, and career goddesses—all at

the same time. Unfortunately, many

unconsciously put the needs of other

people before themselves along the

line and then end up a total wreck.

For emphasis, rest is not laziness.

In fact, the willingness to rest is key

to good health for every woman,

particularly as science has shown,

repeatedly, that women need more

rest—and sleep too—than men, and

risk jeopardising their

mental, physical and

emotional health if they

don’t get it. So, from every

hour to every year, here’s

how to achieve that.

By Josephine


Every Hour

A break doesn’t have to be

long. Two or three minutes of

sustained mental quiet after

an hour of work can do

wonders. Wheel your chair

away from the computer and

just shut your eyes. You can

hold some papers in your

hands to make ‘busybody’ coworkers

think you’re reading

something important.

Every Day

You need to take yourself offline

and become engaged in

something other than your

normal activity. Block out 20

minutes for a “me-time”.

Maybe give yourself a minispa

treatment in the bathroom

or a hand massage.

Every Week

Take one day a week to

yourself; make it literally your

own Sabbath. But you don’t

have to be religious or

spiritual on this self-chosen

day. You can maybe go out

with family or friends or

simply lock yourself up in a

are and as long as it is within my

reach, I will help. I believe it is

part of our Corporate Social

Responsibilities, CSR.

Are there laws you are

sponsoring as Chairman

House Committee on Women


The most important thing is to

make the present laws effective.

It is not about proposing a law or

sponsoring a bill, but ensuring

that the existing ones are

effective. And we can do that

through sensitization.

room and enjoy a really, really

deep sleep.

Every Month

Get a massage. There’s

nothing more relaxing than

an hour on the table in the

hands of a professional

Why women don’t report violence••

Continues from page 27

•Fadumo Dayiba

Teenage pregnancy is on the

increase, what is your take?

Parents have so much to do.

They need to be proactive, they

need to know the kind of friends

their children move with and they

company they keep, the type of

uncles they visit, the places they

hang out, those are the important

things. But it is unfortunate that,

the economy has subjected

everyone to the streets whereby

making homes suffer.

That explains why women

are now bread winners in

most homes?

massage therapist. Studies

have shown repeatedly that a

rubdown washes away

worries while increasing

serotonin and dopamine;

hormones that make you feel

happy and relaxed.

Husbands and wives are

helpers. And we should not take

that out. In those days, our father

and mother do not disclose who

is providing what but that is

different now. Wife wants to know

what the husband is having as


...And you think this is


Well, as a couple I don’t see

anything wrong in that. We are

meant to support ourselves, if you

have a wife that is financially

buoyant and she is willing to

support, all well and good.

Every Year

For many women, getting

away is hardly relaxing but

that’s because they do it the

wrong way. But according to

Newton’s first law of motion,

any object at rest should stay


I stand with girls

By Ayo Adio

IRECENTLY have been paying apt attention

to the unfolding events in the Somalia

presidential race, not because the election will

influence major foreign policy discussions, but

because of a particular aspirant whose campaign

is redefining the playing field and reinforcing the

truism that girl child education is an economic

and socio-political imperative.

Fadumo Dayib was born in Mogadishu to a very

poor family- her father was a taxi driver and her

mother a nomad. She was unable to read or write

until the age of 14 and really had no ambition in

life. However, when Somalia slid into war 26 years

ago, her parents were determined to turn the

obvious adversity into a fortune and so they sold

all they had to send their daughter overseas, she

was only 18.

Her relentless determination to re-write the story

of her life and to light a torch in her family to

disperse the dark horrors of poverty fuelled her

journey to becoming a renowned expert in public

health. She said in an interview recently that “I

come from a society where women are almost

nothing, not taken seriously, just waved away”,

perhaps, more than anything else,

her journey from being the

daughter of a nomad to contesting

a presidential election, will prove

a counter narrative.

The story of Fadumo Dayib

should not only inspire us but

drive us to create a better policy

environment that will ensure the

replication of Dayib across the 774

local governments across our

country. We have to take a stand

on the future of the girl child and

re-open the tough conversations

that are eating up the dreams of

these little girls.

We would have to answer very

tough and somewhat unsettling

questions, questions like if we

at rest. So, at least once each

year, take a relaxing vacation

where you’re not rushing to

visit family or overstuffing

your sightseeing schedule.

Just indulge in ‘lazy things’

and stay at rest.

want a country where we lack

concrete legislation prohibiting

the marriage of little girls before

the age of 18 simply because

someone thinks she is ripe

enough. If Fadumo Dayib was

given away in marriage by her

parents rather than investing in

her future, will she be contesting

elections today and giving hope

to millions of girls across Africa?

If she was pregnant at 14 what

kind of life would she be living



and guidance

We cannot afford to keep

playing Russian roulette with the

lives of our daughters, they

deserve a sound education, they

deserve our protection and

guidance and above all only they

should have the right to make

marital decisions at the right age.

On this I agree that it makes no

sense to deny a girl a driving

licence and the right to vote

because she hasn’t turned 18 yet

but describe her as fit for


While we look up to Fadumo

Dayib, Hilary Clinton, Angela

Merkel, Aung San Suu Kyi, Joyce

Banda, Theresa May, let us be

aware that right there in our

houses is a young girl capable of

changing the world if only we

could believe in her enough to

create a spring board rather than

a pit hole to launch her towards


I stand with the girl child.


Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016—29

Heart disease: Nigeria launches heart

awareness campaign

By Chioma Obinna

WORRIED by the increasing

incidences of heart diseases among

Nigerians, the Nigerian Heart Foundation,

NHF, has launched a National Heart

Awareness Campaign, tagged, "Spread the

Heart Message" aimed at reducing

incidences of cardiovascular diseases in

the country. The campaign is targeted at

high risk population in work places

including artisans in all area of business

endeavour. Available statistics show that

cardiovascular diseases are the world's

largest killers, claiming 17.3 million lives




Launching the campaign in Lagos, the

Executive Director, NHF, and a renowned

cardiologist, Dr. Kingsley Akinroye

disclosed that in Nigeria the number of

people suffering from cardiovascular

disease is on the rise and almost becoming

alarming, with a prevalence of not less than

25 percent of adult Nigerians suffering


He explained that the campaign has

been conceived to focus on risk factors for

cardiovascular diseases such as nutrition,

physical inactivity, alcohol, tobacco amaong

others. Under the campaign he said:

"Corporate organisations are expected to

conduct regular blood pressure check for

staff, workplace exercise and physical


Iwas using my new vibrator recently and as I

was about climaxing, I just urinated all over the place

– Joyce

Dear Joyce, what you experienced is a deep and intense

kind of orgasm. It is called a squirting orgasm or female

ejaculation and what came out as you were climaxing is

not urine. It is a type of ejaculatory fluid and this is a rare

and highly pleasurable type of orgasm. So this is a good

thing. Next time you squirt like that, just have a towel in

place so that you can clean up afterwards and avoid facing

a television or any kind of electronic device so that you

don’t short circuit its components with ejaculatory fluid –


I was looking for a sex position book the other day

and was referred to your site. I ended up buying Nick

Hawk’s Gigolo Sex Position Book. The images and

positions are very exciting but I don’t know if they are

doable. The sort of things I saw there are out of this

world – George

Dear George, yes these sex positions are modelled by

professionals who are really flexible and athletic but you

should give it a try. Some of the positions may look

intimidating but there are others that you and your partner

can learn easily. The whole idea of the book is for couples

to have fun and a bit of adventure when they get together,

otherwise sex will be incredibly dull if we have to do the

same missionary position every day. The 365 Sex

Positions Book is another good option with hundreds of

styles that you can easily attempt – Uche

Hey! I just stumbled on your website and I cannot

believe the kind of things you have. My wife and I are

so excited. Please can you recommend two good films

that can teach us new things? Thank you. Well done sir

– Timi

You are welcome. Get the movies Exploring Guilty

Pleasures and Adam and Eve’s Legendary Sex Positions.

You will love them and they all have instructors and

demonstrators too so everything is quick and easy to learn

Diets for heart health

activity, ensure that work place canteen

focuses on healthy diet, and promote

aerobic exercise during working hours etc.

"Under the collective responsibility,

Available statistics

show that


diseases are the

world's largest killers,

claiming 17.3 million

lives annually

government at all levels are expected to

ensure that food industries reduce salt and

high fat in processed food, ensure that

legislation and implementation of tobacco

law is guaranteed, promote food labelling,

consumption of fruits and vegetables,

encourage local manufacturing of antihypertensive

drugs, among others."

Further, Akinroye who is also the Vice

President, World Heart Federation, WHF,

stressed the need for stakeholders in public

and private sector to participate in the

"Spread the Heart message" campaign as

it involves all socio economic strata and


Emphasizing the need for Nigerians to

reduce their salt intake, he identified high

salt intake as the commonest cause of

hypertension among Nigerians and

Africans at large. He affirmed that the

recommended intake for salt per day is

three grammes.

– Uche

I got back on Sunday and found that your people had

delivered the Libimax Plus to my wife. I didn’t know

what to expect because I had not used it before. Well, it

gave me very firm erections and I did not have

headaches. And we had sex several times well into the

night. Never happened before – Olu

You are welcome Olu. Hope you had a good trip – Uche

My wife bought a lubricant from your site because she

was having painful intercourse. Your wife recommended

the Smooth and Slick Lubricant for her. What she forgot

to tell you is that she also needs something for arousal

because getting in the mood is quite difficult for her –


Okay. There are many different adult novelties that can

arouse her but if she is looking for an arousal lubricant or

gel, then get her the Encounter Orgasm Gel or Sex

Accelerator Gel. But if it is a supplement you are after,

then she should take the Tropical Sex Aphrodisiac Mints.

It is very good and fast acting too – Uche

I watched a documentary about penis enlargement

and enlargement exercises were recommended. Any

idea how I can learn those?

You can achieve that easily with a penis pump.

TheClassix Penis Enlargement Pump is very good. Use

it several times a week as advised and you will grow your

penis considerably – Uche

Thank you for helping me out with this premature

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are suffering because of this - Kelechi

You are welcome – Uche

That is all for today. Adults in need of these treatments/

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products or to order online.

CDC celebrates 20

years with coffee

table book launch

TO commemorate its 20th Anniversary,

the Children's Developmental Centre,

CDC, has launched a coffee table book

that catalogues its history, achievements

and future plans.

Titled, ‘Who Needs to be Normal’ the

book painstakingly tracks the evolution of

the centre and its role in supporting the

wellbeing of society, especially care and

support for children and young adults

with developmental disabilities and their


At the launch of ‘Who Needs to be

Normal, in Lagos, the Chairman of the

occasion, Chief Bisade Biobakun who

commended CDC for its pioneering role

in caring for and assisting young

Nigerians to realize their given potential,

said CDC has created a corporate history

book that tells the story of 20 years as a

game changer.

Speaking, Founder and Director of the

Centre, Dr. Yinka Akindayomi, stated that

the quest to support children and young

adults with developmental disabilities and

their families, has remained

undiminished, 20 years down a spirited

journey that commenced when services

in Lagos State were poor and almost nonexistent

to support her son.

The anniversary celebration, which

commenced early in the year, highlighted

the theme: ‘compassion, connection: why

our communities should care,’ underlining

the realization that the inclusion of

children and adults with any disabilities

into the mainstream can only come through

the compassion of the people and


30—Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016

By Prisca Sam-Duru

FOR the seventh consecutive

time, the first

international arts festival of photography

in Nigeria, LagosPhoto,

has succeeded in its determination

to reclaim public spaces,

by showcasing world class

photography at every available

space in Lagos.

Themed “Rituals and Performances”,

this edition of the festival

opened to the public on

October 22, 2016 at the Eko

Hotel & Suites, Victoria Island,

Lagos while satellite exhibition

venues in arts and cultural

spaces throughout the city extended

to Omenka Gallery, Africans

Artists’ Foundation, Centre

for Contemporary Art, Lagos,

Goethe Institute, A White

Space Gallery, Red Door Gallery.

It features exhibition, workshops,

screening, artists’ presentation

and large scale outdoor

installations in Lagos.

Viewers at the grand opening

were obviously delighted at the

introduction of performances to

the festival. The performances

by Jelili Atiku attracted many of

them to his stand as he thrilled

them with various displays of

some ritualistic moves involving

the use of calabash and other

local objects.

Winners of the Etisalat Photography

competition also

emerged during the grand

opening. As announced by the

CEO Etisalat Nigeria, Matthew

Wilsher, for this years Etisalat

Photography Competition,

Maxwell Aigborga took the

third position for his entry titled

Lagos Traffic, 2nd position

went to Oluwatobiloba Amusan

(Celebration of Love) while Abidemi

Iromini took the top position

for his entry, Lonely Walk.

They got an iphone, Samsung

phone and canon camera respectively.



LagosPhoto presents photography

as it is embodied in the

exploration of historical and

contemporary issues, the promotion

of social programmes,

and the reclaiming of public


It features 42 photographers

spanning seventeen countries

and aims to provide a platform

for the development and education

of contemporary photography

in Africa by establishing

mentorships cross-cultural collaborations

with local and international


The Curator, International

Projects, LagosPhoto Foundation,

Maria Pia Bernardoni,

said they decided to explore the

act of repletion to enact the idea

and it becomes like a ritual.

”We looked at the repetition

that shapes gender, image

identity, social agency, power

and social constructs in contemporary

society. The repetitive

acts imbued with belief become

• One of the images on display at the ongoing LagosPhoto festival in Lagos

Ritualistic performances rock

2016 Lagosphoto festival

coercive and normative, it

shapes our general idea of



photography as it is

embodied in the

exploration of

historical and

contemporary issues

what is true and African image,

gender, beauty, religion, social

Isoko nation celebrates culture in unique way

By Japhet Alakam

THE rich cultural heri

tage of Isoko nation,the

third largest ethnic group in

Delta State will be on display

as they celebrate the 2016 Isoko

Day in Lagos.

The high profile event which

will bring all the sons and

daughters of Isoko nation together

will feature Isoko

songs, dress styles, cuisine,

proverbs, anecdotes, riddles,

cultural dance, raffle draw

and other forms of entertainment

is scheduled to hold on

November 5, 2016 at the National

Stadium, Surulere.

The event which is put together

by Isoko Development

Union, IDU, Lagos will be

graced by His Excellency,

Senator Ifeanyi Okowa, governor

of Delta State, as the

special guest of honour, while

Mr Zebulon Ikokide will be

the chairman of the day.

The Isoko Day celebration

with the theme, The Niger-

Delta Restiveness and the

Way forward, will also feature

paper presentations, the lead

paper will be delivered by Pro-

class and so forth.”

Rituals and Performance explores

the role of acts of repetition

that shape gender, image,

identity, social agency,

power and social constructs in

contemporary society. The repetitive

acts imbued with belief

become coercive and normative.

It shapes our general

idea of what is true in determining

an African image, gender,

religion, beauty, social

class and so forth.

Contemporary visual representations

directly affect the

• Cultural performance by Isoko students

fessor Sam Aghalino of the

University of Ilorin, with presentations

by other eminent

citizens of Isoko. Other major

events of the day will include

a match past by all the Isoko

Clans in Lagos, cultural

dance, raffle draw and entertainment.

In a well attended press

briefing by the executives of

IDU Lagos branch, the president,

Comrade Frank Alordiah,

announced that apart from

the prestigious cultural fiesta,

cultural meanings associated

with image construction and


Throughout the duration of

the festival which draws to a

close on November 21, works

by the thirty photographers

from seventeen countries covering

areas of exhibitions,

workshops, artist presentations,

discussions, screening,

and large scale outdoor installations

in congested public

spaces in Lagos, form subjects

for debates and conversations.

the forum will be used to address

some of the challenges

facing the 19 clans that made

up Isoko. They include key

developmental challenges in

that part of the country, to

strengthen existing relationships

among Isoko people in

Nigeria and Diaspora, to encourage

hard-working sons

and daughters to continue to

promote peace, love, unity

and integrity, for which the

Isoko people are well known,

and to make I.D.U. in Lagos

•Another image from


an enviable socio-cultural organization

in Lagos that other

similar organizations will

want to emulate.

Alordiah also stated that the

event will be used as a forum

to fix the people especially

youths by teaching skills in

this period of recession so

that they will not rely on government

alone for jobs.

Other issue is the neglect

of Isoko land as an oil producing


Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, , 2016 —31

Send Opinions & Letters to:

Rivers State’s forgotten

rerun elections

WHEN former President

Goodluck Jonathan

“prophesied” that Nigerians would

miss him when he left office, he was

laughed to scorn in many quarters.

Just seventeen months after he

peacefully handed over to a new

President, General Muhammadu

Buhari, and his new ruling party, the

All Progressives Congress, APC, you

can decide for yourself if our

democracy (particularly the

elections that have been conducted

under the new regime) has improved

or backslidden.

The two regimes have had the good

fortune of appointing new National

Chairmen of the Independent

National Electoral Commission,


Jonathan deferred to public

opinion in appointing a person of

integrity, Professor Attahiru Jega, to

replace Professor Maurice Iwu as the

National Chairman of INEC. Jega

went on to deliver elections that

largely met the expectations of


The ruling and opposition parties

won elections across the country and

they stood. Jonathan always

congratulated the winners,

irrespective of which party they

belonged to. Eventually, the INEC

conducted general elections in which

Jonathan and his party were voted


Jonathan lost because of a

coalition of conspiracies within and

outside the People’s Democratic

Party, PDP, which swept the carpet

from under him; the kind of thing

that happens when a ruling party and

its leadership are no longer in tune

with majority of the people.

The entry of Buhari into Aso Villa

also coincided with the end of Jega’s

five-year tenure as INEC Chair.

Nigerians expected the new

President, touted as a “man of

integrity”, to consolidate on the

independence of INEC by either

giving Jega a second term or

appointing another person of

integrity to replace him. But they

were in for a series of shocks. Perhaps,

the new Buhari regime felt that

Jonathan lost because he put a person

of integrity in the INEC chair, and

decided not to make the same


First of all, a female National

Commissioner who calls Buhari

“Uncle”, Hajiya Amina Zakari, was

made the Acting Chairman,

brushing aside Ambassador Ahmed

Wali, whom Jega had handed over

to. Then, without the public input,

Buhari appointed Professor

Mahmood Yakubu on 21st October


Since then, the credibility of INEC

has returned to the negative axis.

The perceived

security challenge

in Rivers State

does not come

remotely close to

what Jega

weathered in

Borno. That excuse

does not hold

water anymore

Yakubu’s INEC has conducted

elections in Imo, Kogi, Bayelsa,

Rivers and Edo States. The first four

elections were declared

“inconclusive” and redone. The Edo

election was mysteriously postponed

following unfounded “security

threats” which INEC was forced to

succumb to. Some say the

postponement was staged to allow

the ruling party more time to perfect

its “winning” strategies.

The most notorious case of

inconclusive elections happened in

Rivers State. While the inconclusive

elections in Kogi and Bayelsa have

been concluded by INEC, the Rivers

State case remains unattended to for

“security” reasons. The APC leaders

in the state have constantly painted

the picture of Rivers as a place where

people are being killed like chickens,

while the Governor of the State,

Barrister Nyesom Wike, has

maintained that the security situation

there is no worse than what obtains

in other states.

There is no doubt that the APC

Federal Government and the PDP

state government are locked in a

battle royale to control Rivers State.

The PDP had won the governorship

election and all but one of the 32

seats in the State House of Assembly

in the 12th April 2015 elections. It

also swept all three senatorial seats

and won twelve of the 13 state seats

in the House of Representatives. But

the Court of Appeal, on 11th

December 2015 sent all three

senators, 12 House of

Representatives and State House of

Assembly legislators home. Reruns

were ordered in the affected

constituencies. Today, only one

member of the House of Reps from

Rivers is in the National Assembly.

In the State House of Assembly,

which is of particular concern to

Governor Wike and his APC

opponents, the Court of Appeal in its

December 2015 verdict, sent all the

lawmakers home. A new

permutation entered the

calculation: if the APC could,

somehow, find a way to win a

commanding majority of the vacant

seats at the rerun, they could still be

in a position to impeach Governor

Wike. But the rerun election that

ended on 21st March 2016 produced

10 PDP victories compared to APC’s

one with 21 seats outstanding.

Though Wike’s PDP is well ahead,

the Governor’s position still leaves

him much room for anxiety.

But the main issue in the Rivers

State inconclusive polls is not just

about “safety” for anyone’s position.

It is about the right of the Rivers State

electorate to be represented by their

chosen leaders in the state and

federal parliaments. Mahmood

Yakubu’s INEC says Rivers remains

unsafe for the elections to be

concluded. But he has been

repeatedly reminded that Jega’s

INEC managed to conduct elections

in Borno State when Boko Haram

was still in control of its fourteen

local government areas and

maintained presence in Yobe and

Adamawa States. The perceived

security challenge in Rivers State

does not come remotely close to what

Jega weathered in Borno. That

excuse does not hold water anymore.

It is sad that Rivers, the nation’s

foremost oil producing state, will not

be represented in the Federal

Parliament when the Petroleum

Industry Bill, PIB, Buhari’s

Economic Emergency Plan, the

controversial $30 billion President

Buhari foreign loan proposal which

has implications for all Nigerians

of today and tomorrow, will be

debated. They will not be able to have

their say when Buhari comes

forward with his plans to sell

national assets, many of which are

in Rivers State. They will not

participate in approving the 2017


And these will all be due to the

incompetence of Yakubu’s INEC or

deliberate plots to use state

institutions to manipulate the

political situation in Rivers State

against the wishes of the vast majority

of its electorate.

Mahmood Yakubu’s INEC must

tell us when he intends to complete

the elections in Rivers State and

allow its legislators to take their

rightful, constitutionallyguaranteed

places in the Nigerian

political space. We are waiting.

Why thieves pick on Pension funds

IS it still necessary to remind

ourselves that in government, what

people intend is usually different from what

they bring about? In trying to evaluate

governmental action, we ought to consider

likely, even if unintended, consequences.

One fundamental promise of our national

anthem is that “the labour of our heroes past

shall never be in vain”. In this connection,

two inter-related measures were put in place

to ensure that the worker does not suffer

undue hardships when he grows old – a

pension scheme for the retired worker; and

the Pension Transition Arrangement

Directorate, PTAD, with the latter

established as an independent agency that

oversees the smooth management of the


The noble intentions here

notwithstanding, budgetary allocations for

their execution have constantly been

plundered and vandalised. Yet, nothing

happens to the plunderers and vandals, while

the old people for whom the monies were

originally intended die daily like poisoned

rats. Two theories are gradually emerging

as to why pension funds thieves are treated

with kid-gloves; and why pension funds are

the easiest to steal: first, the employer in

Nigeria understands only one language –

the threat of strikes and withdrawal of

services! He has no regard for the pensioner

who is already too old and too feeble to go

on any strike; and who has no service to

withdraw, anyway.

Secondly, there is the wide-spread belief

that these big time thieves may not be the

real owners of the money they steal. They

could as well be mere commission agents

or fronts for the big principal who in turn

ensures that the agent remains tightly


When the watch-dog becomes that one that

must be watched, then, there is danger. The

Director-General of PTAD, Nelly Mayshak,

quickly understood the language of fraud –

if you must do it, do it big! She carted away

about N2 billion that was left in the pension

accounts of the Head of the Federal Civil

Service, Nigeria Customs Service and the

Nigeria Prison Service.

Without wasting time, Mayshak allegedly

embezzled the N500 million meant to be a

take-off grant for PTAD. She then proceeded

to pay herself N50 million monthly in salary

and allowances. This was not before she

allegedly awarded several phony contracts

Ironically, today’s

worker is tomorrow’s

pensioner. We insist

that Labour leaders

must not sit aloof and

watch these organised

thieves toy with their


to her cronies through which she enriched

herself as these were mere fronts for her.

Around February 2016, she was suspended

from office and in April, she was arrested by

the Economic and Financial Crimes

Commission, EFCC. We are told that

investigation is ongoing; but we also know

that this is the normal route through which

such cases travel into “the voice mail”. It

happens all the time.

Stealing of pension funds is so pervasive

that when John Yakubu Yusuf, an Assistant

Director in the Federal Civil Service,

proudly announced that after all he “stole

only N23 billion”, he knew what he was

talking about.

Today, Yusuf walks our streets in full

freedom. For stealing N23 billion, he was

sentenced to

two years

prison term

with an option

of a fine of



0.003% of his

loot), which fine

he paid instantly and became a free man,

retaining his loots. The agent/principal

relationship came into full focus in the

executive/legislative handling of the

Abdulrasheed Abdulahi Maina Affair in the

President Goodluck Jonathan years. Maina

was Acting Director of Customs,

Immigration and Prisons Office. The

National Assembly smelt a rat that all was

not well with close to N200 billion in the

man’s care.

At first, the matter was before the Senate

Joint Committee on Public Service &

Establishment and State and Local

Government Administration. Efforts to get

Maina to appear before the Committee

were rebuffed to the point where the Senate

issued a warrant of arrest on him. At a point,

it became clear to the Senate that the

Inspector General of Police at the time,

Mohammed Abubakar, was foot-dragging

on the execution of the warrant.

At the peak of it all, when Maina was being

expected in the Senate Chamber, a rented

crowd was instead, chanting war songs at

the entrance of the National Assembly,

demanding what right the Senate had to

invite Maina. The Senate bared its fangs

over what it saw as undue shielding of the

embattled Maina, resulting in his pouring

invectives on the National Assembly.

By a unanimous Resolution of the Senate

with the concurrence of the House of

Representatives, the National Assembly

asked the President to dismiss Maina from

public service and that he should be

immediately arrested, investigated and

prosecuted for the alleged multi-billion

Naira fraud in the pension office. Nothing

happened to Maina.

The Principal/Agent arrangement was

perfectly at work. Why else would the

executive dilly-dally on the issue until Maina

finally vamoosed from the country? And why

else would an Acting Director who had been

declared wanted by the Senate still be

moving around with a myriad of police

guards? We hear Maina has since returned

to Nigeria but apparently, his loot has

expired and nobody is asking any question

any more. Meanwhile, the rightful owners

of the monies are dying without their

entitlements being paid to them.

Ironically, today’s worker is tomorrow’s

pensioner. We insist that Labour leaders must

not sit aloof and watch these organised

thieves toy with their future. Two things must

happen: Proverbially, God drives flies for

the cow that has no tail. This proverbial cow

has no tail at all. And we are not about to

allow the flies to suffer it to death. As the

retiree is too old to go on strike, today’s

worker – if only as a way of protecting his

own future – must go on strike each time the

retiree’s pension back-log is unpaid.

Secondly, our laws must be made to reflect

the gravity of the crime of stealing pension

money. The pensioners are people who, in

their hay days, served this nation with their

blood and sweat. The crime of stealing the

money meant to support them at old age

must be viewed as the moral equivalent of

murder and commensurately treated as






32—Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016


By Joshua Adeyemo Phone 08056180139

GEMINI: ROMANTIC Venus at positive angle may

bring matters-of-the heart related temptation through

friends. But your best bet now is moderate ambition.

CANCER: The best bet for you is to consolidate on

progress you made yesterday and look for best way

to pacify your new friends.

LEO: EVERYBODY needs other people’s co-operation

just like you today but you will not be compelled

by situation to dance to others’ tune; meaning

that you can do things your own way and rightly

expect success.

VIRGO: THOSE of you willing to give others the

needed co-operation will be in better position to consolidate

on progress you have made recently. Don’t

allow sex to distract you.

LIBRA: WATCHOUT for minor and avoidable but

costly mistake within your working arena, especially

if you are in charge of other people’s money. If you

develop new romantic liaison today, it may not last.



About Relationship?

LIFE is all

about relationship.

It is all

about how you

relate well with

the other man or

woman. For example,

a successful


should be able to

relate well with

his children, a

successful leader

TERROR MUDA in “Never say goodbye”

should be able to

relate well with

his followers.

Similarly, a good

manager should

have a good rapport

with members

of his


well you relate

with people could

determine how

far you will go in

life.Think about


By Kola Fayemi

SCORPIO: AS the saying goes Atime waits for

nobody it’s important you guard against unnecessary

procrastination capable of putting you at tight

corner tomorrow. Be loving.

SAGITTARIUS: IT’S better you conclude what

you’ve been doing for a while rather than starting

something new you don’t know when to finish it. Be

more family minded.

CAPRICORN: IF careless remarks are made by

you today, it would back-fire at resumption of work

tomorrow morning. Those who are eager for romantic

attention will have their dream coming true. Be

more loving

AQUARIUS: IF you wait too long before an important

(financial) decision is taken, you may find yourself

keeping date with what you don’t bargain for.

KAPTAIN AFRIKA in “Pretty Lunatic’ By Andy Akman

PISCES: Placement of the Moon influences your

associates to become more self-assertive. If you take

good advice you’ll fare better. However, it’s important

you don’t forget your tomorrow with others.

ARIES: BETTER than yesterday and luckily for

you, opportunity to rectify mistakes made yesterday

may come today to the betterment of your finances.

Don’t try to buy love with money.

TAURUS: BETTER than yesterday as you will be at

a more comfortable place today and suddenly discover

that your hope is alive. Venus bring you money.


Send your date e and place of birth th to the Astr


Counselling, P.M.B 100

007, 7, Apapa, Lagos

What about me?


Dear Joshua,

You have done many people’s horoscope; what about

me? I want you to kindly analyse my star and tell me

everything about my self. Please take note that I

value my health and career than any other thing.

Collins, Lagos.

Dear Collins,

What space can take will be given to you hereunder.

Scorpio and Libra that hosted both your natal

sun and moon are members of very strong star signshealth


Scorpio, in particular, has unusual survival ability.

That is to say, even when health related challenges

come, your survival endowment will always see you


Your major challenge is from your constant worries

about too many things, especially on career related

issues. Business miscalculation can be another source

of health related challenge. You will agree with the

fact that both constant worries and business miscalculation

can affect one’s circulatory system.

Other things to watch-out for include: Urino-genital

organs, minor accident (fire), bones dislocations,

a few other times, skin infections and, of-course, fever.

Always take care of the stomach. Please take note

that all these are mere warnings as there is nothing

fatalistic about them; a good guard, though.

Oil related Neptune was the closet heavenly body

to the sun when you were born at positive angle to

Pluto in Leo. Thus, having things to do with oil along

your career/business lines is not by accident.

Then preponderance of water element and fixed

quality in the distribution of the planets when you

were born are favourable to commercial involvement

with anything liquid.


By Lawrence Akapa

Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016—33

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Oil bandits/contractors’ syndicate attacks

Trans-Forcados trunk line in Delta

By Emma Amaize


syndicate of pipeline

contractors and oil thieves has

attacked the Trans-Forcados

Export Trunk Line at Batern

community in Warri South West

Local Government Area, Delta

State, with dynamites.

The affected trunk line delivers

products from Batern flow station

to the Forcados Terminal Line for

export. The attack occurred at

about 1:30 a.m. on Tuesday.

A security source, who spoke to

Vanguard, said: “The attack was

carried out with the aid of

dynamites and it is coming less

than 48 hours after resumption of

operations at the flow station.”

Commenting on the incident,

chairman of Batern community,

Dickson Ogugu, said on phone:

“Surveillance teams made up of

officials from PPMC, NPDC and

Batern community were able to

identify the spot of the attack. I

would like to appeal to locals from

the community to avail any

relevant information to the

security agencies in stemming

this ugly trend because as I am

talking to you, the entire river is

flooded with contents from the

damaged trunk line and we are

at the receiving end.”

As at yesterday morning, no

group had claimed responsibility,

Owie blames PDP crisis on party's govs

By Henry Umoru


Chief Whip of the Senate

and chieftain of Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP, Senator

Rowland Owie, yesterday blamed

governors elected on the party's

platform for its present leadership

crisis, urging the governors to

leave the party's affairs alone and

face governance.

According to him, in the past,

especially in the Second Republic,

governors in the Unity Party of

Nigeria, UPN, brought their

annual budgets for vetting and

approval by the party's state

executive before forwarding same

to the state House Assembly for

consideration, arguing that

today’s governors treated party

executive members as house


In a statement, Senator Owie

noted that the Chairman,

Caretaker Committee of the party,

Senator Ahmed Makarfi and

former Acting National

Chairman, Senator Ali Modu

Sheriff, should drop their pride

and embrace peace in the interest

of the party and for the logjam to

be resolved.

He said: “I urge leaders of our

party to stop making public

statements in support or against

any of the two factions. The major

but a community leader pointed

fingers at oil bunkerers in the

area working in connivance with

contractors in charge of pipeline

repairs in the area.

Meanwhile, chairman of

Kokodiagbene community,

Gbaramatu Kingdom, in Warri

South-West Local Government

Area of Delta State, Sheriff

Mulade, has commended

President Muhammadu Buhari

cause of the present problem we

have in the party is impunity.

In the Second Republic our

governors in the UPN brought

their annual budgets for vetting

and approval by the party's state

executive before being

forwarded to the state House of

Assembly for consideration."

Edo indigenes in UK congratulate Oba Ewuare II

By Simon Ebegbulem



indigenes in the United

Kingdom, UK, have

congratulated the new Oba of

Benin, Omo N’Oba N’Edo Uku

Akpolokpolo, Oba Ewuare II, for

his successful ascension to the


The group expressed

confidence that with the

emergence of the new Oba and

incoming governor of Edo State,

Mr. Godwin Obaseki, the state

was set to witness more progress,

noting that the outgoing

administration of governor

Adams Oshiomhole laid the

foundation for a greater Edo


Chairman, Conservative

Commonwealth Association,

Romford Constituency, UK,

Mrs. Gloria Adagbon,

congratulated the newly

installed monarch, saying, “His

for personally engaging Niger

Delta leaders in a dialogue

aimed at finding lasting

solutions to problems facing the


President Buhari had on

Tuesday engaged stakeholders

from Niger Delta region in a

dialogue at the Presidential Villa,

Abuja, where the leaders

presented a 16-point demand.

In a press statement in Warri,

The UPN National Assembly

members from the respective

States were automatic members

of the state exco of the party.

Now most our governors after

being elected treat the party

executive members as house


“In most cases party executive

developmental agenda stands

him out as a visionary leader.”

In a statement, she expressed

confidence in the Oba and also

felicitated with Edo people for

having an Oba ready to address

the key challenges of the state

even as the governor-elect, Mr.

Obaseki had earlier outlined his

Mulade said: “I want to commend

the President for personally

engaging Niger Delta leaders

in a dialogue expected to

bring lasting peace to the region.

The President did not

delegate someone to discuss

with our leaders, he made

himself available for the

meeting. I am impressed with

this show of humility by the


CONFERENCE: From left: Wendy Chesire, Sales Director, Control Risks; Nicolas Fort,

Senior Business Strategy Manager, VASCo and Inalegwu Alogwu, Head of Innovations

and Information Security, Interswitch, at Cyberxhange 2016 Conference held at Landmark

Event Centre, Victoria Island, Lagos.

Odili disowns proposed award

FORMER governor of

Rivers State, Dr. Peter

Odili, has dissociated himself

from a proposed award that

was to be given to him.

In a statement by Odili’s

media office, the former

governor said his attention

had been drawn to a news

item posted on some online

news platforms in which

Odili was listed as one of the

prospective recipients of

Democracy Heroes Award in

Africa, promoted by Vivian

members are shifted to the government

houses. To get headway

in the reconciliation of this

conflict in our PDP, our governors

should please stay aside

and face governance. Let our few

respected leaders who are

founding fathers go into the


blueprints which she said correlated

with that of Oba Ewuare


She said: “It must be noted

that it is not too often that you

have a new Oba and a new

governor, both focusing on a

similar agenda for


Iam Glamour Magazine.

“Whilst not averse to the

freedom or right of anyone

or group of people to honour

whomsoever they deem fit,

Dr. Odili dissociates himself

from such an award, as he

knows nothing about the

award. For emphasis, he was

neither consulted nor was

his consent sought or given.

He wishes other purported

recipients well and

congratulates them,” the

statement read.




Council of

Agric College

By Simon



E N I N —


Adams Oshiomhole of Edo

State has inaugurated a 5-

man Governing Council of

the College of Agriculture

Iguorakhi, charging

members to ensure that

the college becomes one of

the best in the country.

The Council is chaired

by Gentleman Amegor.

Other members are Mrs.

Mary Ihegue, Dr Felix

Okokere, Dr Agberese

Osifo and Mr Olu Daniel.

Commissioner for

Agriculture, Prince Joe

Okojie, who inaugurated

the council on behalf of the

governor, noted that the

death of two former

members of the Council

and the resignation of

another necessitated the

inauguration of the new


According to him, “the

selection of the members

is based purely on merit.

They are erudite scholars

and seasoned individuals

in their respective fields."




over devt in Ika

IKA United for

Change has

commended Governor

Ifeanyi Okowa's Principal

Secretary, Mr. Hilary

Ibegbulem and Mr. Jude

Onya, Delta North Director,

Delta State Waste

Management Board, for

attracting development

through their offices to Ika


National chairman of the

group, Mr. Joshua Egun-

Okoh, who made the

commendation in a

statement on behalf of the

group said: “What

Ibegbulem and Onya have

done for the people of Ika

only a few months into their

appointments is very


“I want to thank Governor

Okowa for capable hands like

Ibegbulem and Onya

because both of them have

shown Ika people that as an

appointee there are different

ways you can attract

development to your area

and empower the people.”

He urged other appointees

of Ika origin to emulate the

duo of Ibegbulem and Onya.

34 —Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016

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Leaders don’t


widows, says

Okorocha’s wife

By Chinonso Alozie


wife of the Imo State

Governor, Nkechi Rochas

Okorocha, has called on

those in authority not to

neglect the plight of widows

in the country, just as she

said that more than 200

widows in the State have

received houses.

She stated this yesterday in

Owerri, through a release

issued by Mr Sam

Onwuemeodo, Chief Press

Secretary to Governor Rochas


The release quoted that the

two-bed room bungalows cut

across the 27 local

government areas of the

State, which was under the


PROGRAMME” of the wife

of the governor.

According to the release,

one of the beneficiaries died

before the handover


“As part of her ongoing effort

to put smiles on the faces of

widows, three beneficiaries;

Mrs. Roseline Igwe from

Ohaji/Egbema LGA, Mrs

Rosemary Ebere from Owerri

Municipal and the first son

of Mrs Grace Iheanacho from

Owerri-West who died before

the handover ceremony

received keys to their


“Nneoma Okorocha has

built more than two

hundred of such houses for

widows and other indigent

women across the twenty

seven Local Governments in

the state. One of the best

ways to honour God is by

putting smiles on the

faces of people especially

the less privileged.”

Abia communities cry out to Ikpeazu, EEDC

over power outage

By Innocent Anaba

NO fewer than eight

Umunna communities in

Nsulu, Isialangwa North Local

Government Area of Abia State,

have cried out to Governor Okezie

Ikpeazu and Enugu Elecricity

Distribution Company, EEDC, to

come to their rescue as the

communities have been in

darkness since June this year.

The communities: Ikputu,

Umuakwu, Nbubo, Umuode,

Umuogu, Umuezeukwu,

Umuodeche, Umuosu and

Umuala are calling on Governor

Ikpeazu to prevail on the EEDC

to give them constant electricity

and stop the frequent excuses it

has been giving.

The communities reminded the

governor that they voted for him

because of his campaign promise

to provide them regular electricity,

more so as they are the first Ngwa

communities he passes through

while retiring to his community

from Government House,

Umuahia, through the old federal

Aba road.

A community leader in Ikputu

community, Chief Edwin Uche,

who spoke to Vanguard, said

that Ikputu, Umuosu, Nbubo

and Umuala are the first Ngwa

communities Governor Ikpeazu

passes through from Umuahia on

the way to his home town and that

the people of these communities

take pride in seeing the governor

pass through their communities,

but would want him to extend

his love to the communities, by

ensuring they get regular power


He lamented that artisans in the

area have been forced out of their

businesses, as they have no

electricity to work, while the few

Commence repair of S’East, S’South federal

highways now, Rights group tells FG

By Nwabueze Okonkwo


Southern Nigeria

Peoples Mandate, SNPM, a

human rights organization

has drawn the attention of

the Federal Government

towards total infrastructural

decay of federal roads in the

South-east and South-south

regions of the country.

SNPM mentioned some of

the roads as Nnewi/Amichi/



Okigwe federal highway;


expressway; Enugu/Okigwe/

Umuahia/Aba/Port Harcourt

expressway; Aba/Ikot Ekpene

highway; Umuahia/Ikot Ekpene

highway; Ugep/Adim/Uyanga/

Calabar federal highway;

Asaba/Benin dual carriageway

and Itu/Odukpani/Calabar

federal highway.

In a press statement issued

yesterday in Onitsha, Anambra

state shortly after their

emergency meeting, President

of the group, Augustine

Chukwudum, lamented that

these roads have been

abandoned for the past 20

years, but during political

campaign and electioneering

periods, they would be used as

tools for political campaigns and

once the election is over,

elected office holders would

sweep them under the carpet.

SNPM said the dilapidated

condition of these roads has

become too inexplicable that

they decided to raise this alarm


On NASS control of CCB/CCT

who are traders have hiked their

prices out of the reach of most


According to an artisan in

Nbubo community, Mr Sunday

Ugochukwu, the communities

have since June been

experiencing what he described

as ‘flash’ by EEDC.

"We have repeatedly made

representations to EEDC officials,

who most times complain of one

fault or the other while we have

continued to wallow in darkness."

He added that most people in

the communities are now forced

to attend church services so that

they can charge their mobile


The communities appealed to

the governor to prevail on EEDC

to restore electricity to them.

Anambra lawmakers threaten

to impeach Speaker

By Vincent Ujumadu


the Anambra State House

of Assembly yesterday indicated

that the lawmakers were

perfecting plans to impeach the

Speaker, Mrs. Rita Maduagwu.

for the present administration

to look into them because the

masses are dying on these

roads on daily basis through

fatal accidents as a result of their

total collapse.

According to the statement,

“Let the Federal Government

wake up to its responsibilities

by doing what they are expected

to do on these roads. We are

raising this alarm because the

current administration is not

doing anything to alleviate the

sufferings of the masses who are

going through hell on these


“The only way to stop further

wastages of peoples’ lives is for

the Federal Government to

commence work on these roads

with immediate effect”, the

statement concluded.

Those behind the plan were

said to have met in a hotel in

Awka Tuesday and by

yesterday, many of them had

appended their signatures in

support of the impeachment.

It was gathered that as at

noon yesterday, 21 out of the 30

legislators in the House had

appended their signatures for the

impeachment, which might take

place during today’s plenary.

It was not clear at press time

the reason for the impeachment,

but some of the lawmakers were

alleging that the Speaker was

‘eating alone’ and therefore

needed to be shoved aside.

Another source said the

impeachment had something to

do with next year’s

governorship election in which

some of the lawmakers want to

threaten the Speaker to be able

to extract something from

Governor Willie Obiano before

the commencement of the


The Speaker, who spoke in a

telephone interview, however,

dismissed the action of the

lawmakers, saying that she was

perfectly under control.

The Anambra House of

Assembly is made up of 28

members of the ruling All

Progressives Grand Alliance,

APGA, and two from the Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP.

By Bartholomew Madukwe


The amendment is very

timely and there is no

better time than now. We

all know that the amendment

will not affect the trial

of the senate leader, but

will put an end the administrative

rascality of APC

government trying to cow

their opponents. Mr Peter

Ekpo, Worker

All those who are dis

agreeing with the

amendment to some sections

of the laws establishing

CCB/CCT are clearly

apologists to the APC administration.

How would

you reconcile the trial of

APC leader with present

issues? Miss Oluchi

Nwaihesie, Teacher

Instead of the National

Assembly to make laws

that will help Nigeria to advance

for good, they are

making laws that will make

it impossible to probe their

lies and greed. I see no good

future for this country with

the kind of selfish laws being

passed. Mr Nonso

Azudiefe, Graduate

It is high time we reduced

the powers of the president

that make him a minigod

in the 21st century.

How can the same president

that appoints also increases

the CCT chairman’s

powers at will? This

is purely dictatorial. Mr

Abraham Alexander,


Itotally agree with the

whole CCT amendments.

It is high time we

started reducing the

powers of the presidency

in Nigeria. This enormous

power breeds corruption

and dictatorship

must stop. Mr Kazeem

Aremu, Businessman

These people are self pre

serving corrupt individuals.

Everything they

do is to entrench corruption

and protect their dishonest

ways. Can you tell

me three serious bills that

they have passed to make

Nigeria better? Miss

Anne Oriaku, Fashion


Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016—35

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APC, PDP clash over nomination

of Mustafa Jaji as ambassador

By John Mkom



Progressives Congress,

APC, and Peoples Democratic

Party, PDP, in Taraba State are

at daggers-drawn over the

inclusion of former Executive

Secretary of TETFUND,

Mustafa Jaji, on the

ambassadorial list sent to the

Senate by President

Muhammadu Buhari.

While the PDP celebrated and

hailed President Buhari for the

nomination, APC condemned it

and asked the President to

reverse the nomination.

Chairman of the state chapter

of PDP, Mr. Victor Kona, said the

party was very happy about

Mustafa’s nomination, adding

that it showed that Taraba State

was also considered in the

scheme of things in Nigeria by

the President.

He said: “The Mustafa that I

know is well educated, he is

experienced and he has a high

profile that qualifies him to

represent Nigeria in any part of

the world.

“Therefore, I do not know why

some quarters would like to

associate his nomination with

political insinuations.

“President Buhari has made a

brilliant choice from Taraba

State. We, the PDP here, are very

happy with his choice and we

celebrate with the nominee as

By Soni Daniel,

Northern Region Editor


Buhari has given approval

to the Ministry of Solid

Minerals and Steel

Development to engage

revenue consultants to collect

all outstanding fees and

royalties accruable to the

government from mining

operations with immediate


Under the approval, which

Vanguard learned of last night,

the revenue consultants are to

work for an initial trial period of

one year to enable government

evaluate the suitability or

otherwise of the scheme.

Presidential sources

confirmed last night that in

granting the approval, the

President questioned the

payment of 15 per cent of the

revenue to be collected to the

consultants, suggesting,

however, that the rate should

only be applied to a higher

amount of revenue collected

and not across board.

According to sources close to

the deal, the presidential

consent is necessary to, among

others, maximise the revenue

inflow to government by

we look forward to supporting

him to succeed when he is

finally appointed and posted

anywhere for his assignment.”

APC kicks

However, Chairman of APC

in the state, Mallam Ardo Jika,

said the nomination of

Mustafa Jaji was against the

promises of President Buhari

to APC members not only in

Taraba State, but across the


He said Buhari neither

consulted the state executive

adopting strategies that

would plug leakages and

ensure accurate declaration

of mineral productions by

operating companies.

The administration was also

persuaded to acquiesce to the

request by the parent ministry

to assess the quantities of

nor the representative of

Taraba State APC at the

national level, noting he had

promised to reward those who

worked for him.

According to Jika, “as far as

APC is concerned in Taraba

State, nobody contacted us nor

informed us. Two, Mustafa Jaji

has never, by error of

commission or omission, been

a member of APC in Taraba

State. In his own ward,

everybody knows that he is a

registered member of PDP.

“We are repeating President

mineral production by

operators and determine the

actual revenue payable, with

a view to collecting the arrears

due the government and

send a message to defaulters

that it would no longer be

business as usual.

A document prepared by

Buhari’s statement, which he

made to us that there will

never be a situation where

someone will be lying in a

sick bed, while another will be

taking drugs on his behalf.

“So I believe this nomination

did not come from Buhari;

somebody might have

suggested the name.

“He will reverse the name

because we know him as a

man of his words. In our last

NEC meeting, he said

whoever suffered for APC

would be rewarded.”

MILITARY PENSION CARD: Founder and CEO, eTranzact, Mr. Valentine Obi

(left) and Minister of Defence, Mansur Mohammed Ali, at the launch of the Military pensions

eTranzact card in Abuja.

FG audits solid minerals’ 6-year revenue


Additional Financing

project financed by the World

Bank has supported a total of

10,845 farmers in the last 10

months. Of these

beneficiaries, 585 were youths

and 1,575 female, while 8,685

were male.

The support, according to

Kano State Coordination Office

of Fadama, was facilitated

through the signing of a

Memorandum of

Understanding between

Dangote Tomato Company

and Fadama Production

Cluster Group on profitable

marketing of tomato.

In its Project Implementation

Report presented to the Dr.

Adetunji Oredipe-led World

Bank/FGN 6th Mission on

Fadama II Additional

the government for the

purpose of re-jigging the

revenue profile of the

Ministry of Solid Minerals

and Steel Development,

which Vanguard sighted last

night, showed that the audit

would cover the period of


World Bank supports 11,000 tomato farmers in Kano

Financing, which visited Kano

State on Monday, the Fadama

State Project Coordinator,

Alhaji Sha’aibu Sulaiman, said

the project, in 2016 cropping

season, recorded a

disbursement of 89,195 and

110 for rice, sorghum and

tomato production groups,


In the same vein, sorghum

and rice farmers were equally

well linked to Grand Cereal

and popular rice farm offtakers.

Through collaboration with

ICRISAT, sorghum farmers

were also linked to Honeywell

Company, demanding

150,000mt of sorghum from

Fadama farmers in Kano.

In its effort to meet up with

project objective of providing

employment to youths, the

project has prepared four

youth spraying groups,

comprising 10 members each,

earn, who N58,500 per


In order to build the capacity

of farmers toward efficient

production, 12 consultants on

capacity building have been

engaged and they have

conducted the train-thetrainers

seminars for 120

farmers across eight

production clusters of rice,

sorghum and tomato.

The project commitment on

youths and women

empowerment has been

demonstrated through

screening of 20 youths and

women processing groups,

out of which eight were

supported with tricycles and

processing machines.

FRSC sets

up patrol for


IN view of the recent

upsurge of overloading

on the nation’s highways, the

Federal Road Safety Corps,

FRSC, will be organising a

Special Intervention Patrol,

SIP, along critical corridors

from November 7 to 13.

According to Bisi Kazeem,

Head, Media Relations and

Strategy of the Corps, the

Corps Marshal, Dr. Boboye

Oyeyemi, has directed that

the SIP focus on overloading,

speed violation and speed

limiting device enforcement,

amongst other offences.

Kazeem stressed that the

Corps Marshal hoped to use

the patrol to impress on field

commands to sustain the

enforcement drive on speed

limiting device installation in

commercial vehicles,

continue sensitisation on the

Ember months campaign,

and to reduce road traffic

accidents caused by

overloading and speeding.

According to Oyeyemi, the

selected corridors for the SIP

are Kaduna-Abuja-Lokoja-

Okene; Garaku-Akwanga-


Makurdi; Funtua-Tsafe-

Gusau-Sokoto; Lagos-Ogere-

Ogunmakin-Ibadan; Owo-

Akure-Ilesha-Ife; Jos-Toro-


Enugu 9th Mile-Awka-


Asaba-Isele Uku-Agbor-

Abudu-Benin, and Jebba-

Olooru-Bode Saadu.

Nigerian firm

wins best

financial input



Limited, a financial

technology company with

interest in agriculture, has

won the Fintech Award for

best payment and transfer

firm in Africa, ahead of 100

other companies.

The award is endorsed by

world’s leading technology

companies, IBM and CFO.

Cellulant is a technology

company providing the

payment platform for farm

inputs across Nigeria and

Liberia, under Growth

Enhancement Support

Scheme, GESS, and the

agriculture transformation

agenda of African

Development Bank, AfDB.

Speaking while receiving

the award, Mr. Bolaji

Akinboro, CEO, Cellulant

Nigeria, said: “We are

humbled and happy. This

award is a reflection of the

hard work and dedication of

the amazing team of people

at Cellulant Group.”

36—Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016

CELEBRATION: From left— Chairman of the occasion, Alhaji Saheed

Adebule; his wife Dr. Idiat Oluranti, Lagos State Deputy Governor; retired

Permanent Secretary/Tutor-General, District VI, Mrs Amidat Anifowoshe,

and Commissioner for Physical Planning and Urban Development, Mr. Abiola

Anifowoshe, during the pen down/retirement and 60th birthday celebration

of Mrs Anifowoshe in Ikeja, Lagos.

MGT CONFAB: From left—Director, Inspection & Enforcement,

National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency,

NESRA, Miranda Amachree; Head, Geocycle and Business Development,

Lafarge Africa Plc, Daniel Adedokun; Head, Branding Strategy and

Communications, Sterling Bank, Olapeju Ibekwe, and Head, Sub-Sahara

Africa for Geocycle, LafargeHolcim Group, Olivier Doyen, at the National

Management Conference in Lagos.

NOBEL CHARITY: From left— Founder, Bales of Mercy Orphanage,

Mrs Ngozi Igbokwe; Head, Digital Marketing, Nobel Carpets and Rugs, Mr.

Adekoya Kazeem, and Children Supervisor, Bales of Mercy Orphanage, Mrs

Sarah Okoh, at the donation of items to the orphanage by Nobel Carpets in

Lagos, yesterday.

HEINEKEN MUSIC: From left— Brand Manager, Heineken,

Obabiyi Fagade; Marketing Director, Franco Maria Maggi, both of NB Plc;

American R'n B singer, T-Pain; Senior Brand Manager, Heineken, Ngozi

Nkwoji, and Finance Director, Mark Rutten, both of NB Plc, at the Heineken

Live Your Music event.

VISIT: From left— President, International Committe of Red Cross, ICRC,

Mr. Peter Maurer; National President, Elder Bolaji Anani, and Chairman, Lagos

State branch, Engr. Mobolaji Onibudo, both of Nigerian Red Cross Society, when

Mr. Maurer paid a courtesy visit to the Society in Makoko, Lagos.


Coordinator, National Heart Awareness Campaign, Abiola Awe; Executive

Director, Nigerian Heart Foundation, Dr. Kingsley Akinroye; Category Marketing

Manager, Chioma Mbanugo, and Brand Manager, Toyin Popoola-Dania, both

of Mamador, at a briefing in Lagos to announce the launch of the campaign in

partnership with Mamador.

DAYGLORY: From left— Chairman, Pastor Sina Ajiboye; Senior Pastor/

Founder, Prophet John Oluwaranti Oni, and Personal Assistant to the Senior

Pastor, Bro. Kayode Oluwaseun, all of Dayglory Outreach Team, at a briefing on

the 10th annual convention/Founder’s Day, in Lagos.

DONATION: From left— The representative of State Universal Basic

Education Board, SUBEB, Mr. Remi Adelabu; Mr. Ahmed Aderemi;

Headmaster, Saint James Primary School, Akanran, Ibadan, Mr Soleye

Adeoye; Mrs Funmi Aigbomian, representing Oloye Jumoke Akinjide, and

Head of Small Scale Funds, Germany Consulate in Nigeria, Daniella Ruff,

during the inauguration of a block of six classrooms donated by Oloye

Akinjide to the school.


•A typical Nigerian classroom

Dearth of teachers hinders

commencement of History teaching

council on education should absolve

the policy and get all the

commissioners of education across

the country to buy into it and then

develop common parameter for


The expert said, if the Ministry

of Education is serious about it,

they should push it into the National

Council on Education

which aggregates all the stakeholders.

He explained that since

it was not a tertiary thing, the

NUC can do whatever they want

with jamb at university level, but

am still concerned about teaching

it at primary school level, primary

4-6 and teaching it at JSS


‘’If you don’t have the foundation,

introducing or offering History

at SSS level is meaningless,

because it is like a house without

foundation,’’ he said. As regards

the issue of dearth of history

teachers, Olukoju maintained that

the person that studied history all

his life can not unlearn all he

had learnt. According to him, such

a person needs to adjust and

brush himself up.

He said: ‘’We need to come together

and agree on the curriculum

and what to teach these children.

Once we have a conclusion,

a lot of stakeholders can buy into




By Dayo Adesulu &

Daud Olatunji

HAVING realized the im

portance of history to our

children, the Federal Government,

few weeks ago, restored the

teaching of History as a subject to

the curriculum. After the official

pronouncement by the Minister

of Education, Mallam Adamu Adamu,

many schools in the states

are yet to commence the teaching

due to lack of History teachers. In

some schools, the few available

teachers are already engaged in

teaching other subjects.

Vanguard investigations revealed

that apart from the shortage

of History teachers, many students

are not interested in the

subject. They prefer Government

to History.



If you don’t

have the


introducing or

offering History

at SS level is


because it is

like a house



cation from the curriculum, the

former Vice Chancellor of Caleb

University, Professor Ayodeji

Olukoju said, it is a multi-faceted

subject. He asked: ‘’Can the Federal

Government by fiat or decree

re-introduce history?

The answer is both yes and no.

‘’No, because the states have

free hand in primary school edu-

Historians who spoke with our

correspondent posited that except

History is made a compulsory subject

in primary and secondary

schools, many students will not

choose it.

Feelers from Ogun State revealed

that the State is facing challenges

of dearth of History teachers

of History in public secondary

schools as few of them who could

teach the subject have been

swapped for other subjects. Findings

have shown that the directive

to return History to the school

curriculum was greeted with a

shortfall of teachers. The stakeholders,

mostly teachers, who

spoke in separate interviews under

the condition of anonymity,

commended the action to return

the subject which they said was

needed by the students.

Some of the teachers told Vanguard

that the subject might not

receive immediate implementation

owing to the acute short of

teachers to handle the subject.

According to some of them,

except new history teachers were

employed by the government and

posted to all the public schools,

the subject may remain in the curriculum

unattended to.

They said, even, if the government

teachers, the students

need to be talked to and persuaded

on the need to embrace the

subject as most of them had lost

interest in the subject. Attempt to

get the state government’s reaction

on the directive was unsuccessful

as the commissioner for

education could not be reached

as at the time of filing this report.

However, an official in the ministry

of education who pleaded

anonymity said the government

was willing to implement it because

it believes the subject is

very important.

In Lagos State, the situation is

the same, as schools visited were

yet to commence the teaching of

History. Efforts made to get reaction

from the Lagos State Ministry

of Education, proved abortive

as the Personal Assistant to the

governor on Education, Mrs Kehinde

Fashola refused to comment

on the issue. Appointment

made with our correspondent to

speak with Authorities was not

honoured. Speaking with some

Historians on the practicability of

commencing teaching of History

in schools after a long time of vacation

and junior secondary

school education. It is only from

JSS3 upwards that you can say

every body must concur.

For instance, in 2015, the Lagos

State Government commissioned

me and some people to

do text books for history in primary

schools from primary 4-6

and JSS 1-3.

Pproblem of


‘’I assembled people from several

Universities across this country

,we delivered the text books

in May 2015,but the initiative was

killed. The balance of the money

was never paid, and they took the

text books but never developed

them. ‘’The decision was taken

at cabinet level under Fashola

Government and we submitted it

in the dying days of the Government.

The government was busy

with transition, however, it was

from APC to APC.

‘’There is a problem of Cartier

relationship between federal and

states, there is a problem of transition

from one government to another

in terms of continuity of policy

and there is the issue of taking

decision and forgetting implementation

through the bureaucracy

in Alausa. It was the

bureaucracy that killed this

idea,because bureaucracy does

not change, it is fraud.’’

He posited that the national

‘’Historical Association of Nigeria

and other societies like the one

I lead, the universities, colleges

of education, the faculties of education

teaching history and the

department of history across the

nations universities are the stake


‘’I think the policy is good. It's

long over due. The implementation

should be systematic and

there should be mechanism not

only for fashioning out a common

curriculum not only for developing

common text books with local

arrangement, but there should be

mechanism for implementation.

We want to see the impact.

‘’In America no matter your

course of study you must study

history . There should be a means

of injecting it into the curriculum,

there should be a means of making

students like and learn it.

‘’There should be a means of rewarding

diligence in studying it

and in learning it. It is not just a

government problem, many people

in our society don’t like history,

the society must buy into it.

‘’It is good for people to have

an idea of history. History is what

we live with, live for and make

every day. A societal awareness

also should be created along with

this government project. Teachers,

associations, principals of

schools, teachers of history especially

the ones that studied history

education and the press

should be carried along.

38 — Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016

AWARD: Prof. G. C. Ilogu (middle), flanked by Dr. Olaotan Kuku and Miss Blessing

Nnenna Ilogu, during a Convocation for the conferment of Honorary Doctorate Degree of

Educational Foundations awarded to Prof. G. C. Ilogu by EAU Commonwealth of Dominica

held at University of Lagos.

State of Education: Stakeholder tasks FG

By Dayo Adesulu

IN order to address the

falling standard of

Education in Nigeria, the federal

government has been urged to set

up a presidential task force

charged with the responsibility of

resuscitating the sector and

rescuing it from total collapse.

An educationist, Mrs. Arete-

Zoe Amana stated this in Abuja,

while addressing journalists, as

she recommended that members

of the task force team cut across

different sectors with emphasis

on the private sector.

Amana acknowledged the

bureaucracies involved in

government businesses, as she

suggested that the establishment

of a stronger task force team and

harmonious synergy amongst

critical stakeholders would no

doubt eradicate bottlenecks and

thus facilitate issues of education


"I commend the efforts and

visionary leadership of the

Minister of Education, Malam

Adamu Adamu towards a better

education system. However more

budgetary allocation and private

sector involvement in funding

education is required for effective

service delivery.

"Nigerians should stop

complaining about the declining

state of education and seek to

galvanize support for

government and the private sector

to achieve the desired change as

contained in the federal

government’s three-year

education policy document."

Amana who said gone are the

days that government is left with

the responsibility of solely funding

education added; "We recognise

the contributions of Tertiary

Education Fund (TETfund) and

other interventions in terms of

infrastructural provisions, but

more support is required

particularly from the private

sector. I am optimistic that the

forthcoming Nigeria Investment

Promotion Council (NIPC) and

EDUINVEST conference, with

focus on education will serve as

a veritable platform for

international organisations and

private sectors to dissect the great

opportunities abound in Nigeria’s

education sector."

Amana disclosed that the

conference scheduled for Calabar

will, among other things, provide

opportunities for relevant

government agencies and private

investors to exchange views,

ideas and expertise. It will also

provide an opportunity to finalize

plans on the establishment of

EDUPOLIS, an innovation that

would further boost the education


Educationist canvasses inclusion of special needs teachers’

programme in curriculum

By Kelechukwu Iruoma

The Executive Director, M.D.

School, Mrs. Omolara

Adedugbe has said that special

needs teachers’ programme

should be included in Nigeria’s

teachers’ education curriculum in

order to operate an all-inclusive

system of education, to accommodate

children who require special

needs education.

Mrs. Adedugbe said this during

a press briefing to announce

the 30th anniversary celebration

of M.D. School at Oko Oba, Lagos.

Adedugbe while speaking to

journalists noted that only few

schools run special needs programme

in Nigeria because of

lack of special needs teachers and

its capital insensitivity. She said,

“There is need to overhaul the

curriculum to include special

needs teachers’ programme.

Some institutions like University

of Ibadan and University of

Joshave it.”

She stated that M.D School

started as a special needs school

by teaching children who had

difficulty in their hearing and

speech, and put them in institutions

with their counterparts who

had no special needs. She revealed

that the school had grown

to be a regular school and special

needs school located at Agidingi,

New Oko Oba and Omole.

“Agidingbi and New Oko Oba are

for regular students while Omole

is for special needs students.

At the 30th anniversary celebration

at Academy Inn in Ikeja, She

said, “Today, we have become a

reference point of high standards

in academic and moral instruction

to our young children, especially

children with special needs,

who are extremely dear to our


she said that M.D School had

provided an excellent educational

model that has equipped children

with the skills and tools to become

not only men and women of success

but also of value, able to serve

their families and immediate communities.

However, as part of the programme

to mark the 30 anniversary

of the school, Adedugbe stated

that the school carried out social

responsibility programmes in

Oko Oba. She said, “We did

cleaning of the environment in

Oko Oba and free medical check

ups for the community.”

Lagos State Commissioner for

the Environment, Dr. Babatunde

Adejare, who graced the anniversary

congratulated and commended

the management and

staff of M. D School for contributing

positively to the development

of education in Lagos State. “My

three children attended this school

and they have grown to become

great in life.”

He noted that the state government

would ensure that the environment

would be highly conducive

for learning, which would

be beneficial to M. D School and

every other school in Lagos


NGO to empower 100 teachers

IN a bid to motivate and ap

preciate the Nigerian teacher’s

effort in grooming and instilling

knowledge in students,

LWTZE Community Initiative, a

Non Governmental Organization,

is set to organize a one day event

to honor public school teachers.

The event, which will hold on

the 13th of November at The

Best Western Island Hotel,Lagos,

is aimed at reiterating the relevance

of teachers in the society.

The event will feature empowerment

sessions to be spearheaded

by professionals and motivational

speakers to encourage

teachers in their continued effort

at imparting knowledge with diligence.

Director LWTZE, Mrs. Olayinka

Adamu, who over the years has

successfully embarked on several

public based programs to promote

economic empowerment of

By Tare Youdeowei


Nicos Nicolaou, has said

that it is imperative that higher

education becomes a more affordable

option to enable the continent

to create a strong, well-qualified

workforce to meet the needs

of its growing economy.

Nicolaou made this known as

he commented on the recent

opening of UNICAF University

in Malawi which aims to become

the leading higher education institution

in sub-Saharan Africa,

recognised for its outstanding contribution

to teaching, learning

and research.

“Seven out of ten African firms

surveyed by Ernst and Young, global

leader in assurance, tax, transaction

and advisory services, are

recruiting to support planned

growth yet vacancies are taking

longer to fill and employee turnover

is high. The consultancy also

reported that Africa has the fastest-growing

middle-class in the

FORMER Head of Depart

ment, Educational Foundations,

University of Lagos,

Prof. Guy Chibuzoh Ilogu has

been conferred with the prestigious

honorary Doctorate Degree

award by the European American

University in Common

Wealth of Dominica, held at the

University of Ghana.

Addressing guests at the occasion,

Head, International Relation,

Integrity International, Engr.

Joseph Ododo, explained that the

honour on the recipient was in

recognition of his outstanding

achievements and contributions

observed and strongly appreciated

by the University, the European-American


According to him, it is part of

EAU's programme to encourage

excellence and acknowledge the

contribution of respectful distinguished

men and women world

women and address germane

national issues that conflict with

development said; "We are constantly

seeking ways to impact the

society through various initiatives

focused on women and children.

We have had some events over

the years like the ‘Walk against

Climate Change and Violence’

that educated people on the climate

and on violence.

"This year we have decided to

shift the focus to female teachers

in Nigeria to celebrate and recognize

them in their contribution

to nation building through imparting

knowledge. We have

lined up activities like pamper sessions,

where some will get a spa

session and several other gift


Adamu further encouraged

teachers to attend the event as it

promises to be a special celebration

of Nigeria teachers.

‘Higher education needs to be more

affordable for Africa to grow’

world, accounting for nine of the

15 fastest growing economies in

the world.

“If Africa is to maintain its lead,

it is imperative that higher education

becomes a more affordable

option enabling the continent to

create a strong, well-qualified

workforce to meet the needs of its

growing economy.”

With plans to enrol 60,000 students

by the year 2020, UNICAF

has awarded more than $35m

worth of scholarships and cut the

cost of attending university for

thousands of sub-Saharan transnational

students by up to 80%,

making higher education, something

that has been out of reach

for the vast majority of the population,

a viable and very real option.

Continuing, Nicolaou said;

“UNICAF offers a broad range of

on-campus and online undergraduate

and postgraduate degree

programmes at affordable


EAU confers honorary degree on Ilogu

wide. Thus, EAU proposed

through its African Operations

office, to confer honorary doctorate

degrees to those who have

made outstanding contributions

in academic, politics, business

administration, religion and humanitarian

services in the advancement

of humanity in general.

Professor Ilogu was nominated

as one of such distinguished personalities

to be honored with

honorary doctorate degree (

Hons) of Science in Educational

Development and Management.

The ceremony witnessed the attendance

of Head of Department

Educational Foundations,

Unilag, Prof. Ngozi Osarenren,

Dr. Olaotan Kuku, Miss Blessing

Nnenna Ilogu and Pastor Emmanuel

Humphrey of Living

Faith Church (a.k.a winners

chapel) among others.

Students lament compulsory handouts in tertiary


By Tare Youdeowei,

Elizabeth Uwandu &

Kelechukwu Iruoma


have long been citadels

where students must buy text

books and 'handouts' (materials)

recommended and written by

their lecturers before they can

pass the courses being taught by

the lecturers.

As a result of the recession in

the country, students lament that;

instead of being considerate and

relax their resolve of making text

books compulsory, lecturers still

compel students to buy their text

books, otherwise, they will fail

their courses.

Lecturers, however, revealed

that they sell textbooks to survive

the economic hardship since their

salaries are quite discouraging

and not being paid as at when

due. Meanwhile, some of the students

who spoke to Quadlife revealed

that they are being punished,

intimidated and frustrated

by lecturers as a result of not being

able to buy the books compelled

to buy.

A female student of Faculty of

Arts, University of Nigeria, Nsukka,

UNN, who did not want her

name in print revealed that text

books are actually made compulsory

in the school by some lecturers

amidst this economic recession.

“It has gotten to a point

where one cannot make use of text

books used by their elders simply

because the receipts of the text

books must be submitted to the

lecturers while registering their


Photocopy of

the materials

“In my department one lecturer

said his textbooks are not compulsory

but will tell the class representative

to get him the names

of those that paid. What will he

be doing with the names if the

books are not compulsory?

“A lecturer will release materials

to students and demand that

they pay certain amount to him

for releasing the materials. What

pains me is that we make the

photocopy of the materials with

our money and still pay him for

releasing the materials to us. He

used to say, ‘A doctor (Ph.D) cannot

release his knowledge to students

free of charge."

Also lamenting the situation,

Ifeanyi Eze (not real name), a

300-level student of Education

and Applied Arts, Alvan Ikoku

College of Education, said that

students face untold hardship in

the hands of lecturers in the form

of intimidation, punishment and

sometimes, out-right failing the


"For me, as a student, handouts

are only necessary and not compulsory.

So, lecturers should not

compel students to buy handouts

because, it is too obvious that most

of the textbooks do not correspond

with the course outline.”

Bankole Adure, a Higher National

Diploma, HND, student of

Moshood Abiola Polytechnic,

MAPOLY, Ogun state, said textbooks

and handouts are necessary

ingredients to get good

grades as they afford students the

opportunity to get in depth knowledge

of their courses.

Adure frowned at the idea

where lecturers compel their students

to buy textbooks and handouts

that are not in line with the

course outline. “I believe if textbooks

and handouts are optional,

the results of students will be

poor compared to when it is made

compulsory. However, if the

handouts do not tally with the

subjects, authorities should not

engage students to buy them.”

Another student from Faculty of

Education, UNN, who identified

herself as Agatha, noted that

some general courses textbooks

in the institution are made compulsory,

adding that if students

do not buy them, they would register

the courses and that would

be an automatic fail. “The textbooks

of two courses offered by

Center for Entrepreneurship Development

are made compulsory,

Statistics, Computer Science

and the General Studies units

make textbooks compulsory.” She

noted that the prizes of the books

range from N1200 to N1700.

Explaining the reason lecturers

impose texbooks and handouts on

students, a lecturer in one of the

federal universities, Dr. Chukwuemeka

(not real name), said;

“You cannot really blame lecturers.

Take me for instance, my salary,

as I am speaking to you is

N123, 000 based on my rank. If

you tell me to relocate to Lagos, I

wouldn’t because the cost of living

is so high and I wouldn’t be

able to take anything home.

"A senior lecturer earns about

220, 000, a professor’s salary stops

at 550,000. This is very poor and

this is because the reward for

academia is very poor. Lecturers

and teachers are struggling to

make ends meet and their commitment

level is therefore low.

Academia should be think-tanks of govt

– Elemo

By Tare Youdeowei

DIRECTOR, Centre for

Environmental Studies

and Sustainable Development,

CESSED, Prof. Babajide Elemo,

has called on the academia to

serve as the knowledge base of

the government.

He made the call at the Centre’s

public lecture on ‘Public Water

Supply in the Mega City of Lagos’

handled by guest lecturer Dr.

Bola Balogun, Assistant General

Manager,Quality Control, Lagos

Water Corporation and unveiling

of its new nomenclature and logo.

“An appraisal of efforts thus far

has showed that the centre has

fairly fulfilled its objective of

training personnel, it has

however not matched its

objectives in other cardinal areas

such as research, establishing

synergy with ministry agencies

and multinational companies and

creating awareness of its existence

and relevance within and outside

the country.” Elemo said.

Stating the role of the academia

in providing portable water in

Lagos, Dr Bola Balogun said;

“The academia needs to build

capacity for water supply and

develop knowledge based

innovative solutions to local

problems of improving services in

the sector. They also need to

generate, collect and store quality

long term data that will help

provide a basis for planning.

Finding lasting solutions to water

treatment and research into salient water

incursion is also a way the academia can

contribute to resolving water generation

supply and supply challenges.”

Stating the need for the public lecture, Prof.

Elemo, said; “There is an increasing concern

about the contamination of the various bodies

of water available in Lagos and this is the

reason why the university has deemed it fit

to invite her partners in the Ministries of

Environment, Agriculture, Health, Local

Government Sole Administrators and

stakeholders, to find lasting solutions as water

itself carries a large proportion in the

composition and maintenance of life.

“Locally the major environmental problems

include oil spillage, deforestation associated

with soil erosion, ozone layer depletion,

desertification, acid deposition as well as

water and air pollution. The impact of

environmental degradation is more severe in

Lagos being the commercial nerve centre of

the country.

Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016 — 39

MR. Ekomobong Finbarr

has successfully produced

and defended this solar

powered tricycle (Keke) as his first

degree project in partial fulfillment

for the award of a degree in

Electrical Engineering, Federal

University of Technology, (FUTO),

Owerri. It took him just few weeks

to produce the tricycle.

The tricycle does not have an

engine but is powered by a battery

and solar energy. When test

By Chinedu Adonu

STUDENTS have been

urged to read extensively

because it would open vistas of

opportunities for them.

This charge was given by Prof.

Pat Ngwu of the Dept of Adult

Education & Extramural Studies,

University of Nigeria, Nsukka,

during the annual Little Writers

Awards ceremony for secondary

school students and teachers in

Nsukka zone, Enugu State.

The event which was organised

by AIFA Reading Society, a nonprofit-making

organisation that

focuses on building youths’

interest in reading, saw Prof.

Ngwu describe reading as a

cornerstone for a child’s success

in life, noting that reading is the

world’s longest kept secret,

lamenting the poor reading

culture among Africans.

His words; "Reading is one of

man’s ingenious inventions. It is

one skill that not only opens up

several social spaces and

opportunities for man from which

he makes choices but also

prepares one for the future in a


FUTO student produces solar

powered tricycle

driven by his lecturers and Head

of Department, Mr. Damian Dike,

it was discovered that the tricycle

goes 11km without blinking. Lecturers

of FUTO who were completely

stunned that he could put

this together said they are proud

of the achievement of Ekomobong.

Mr. Damian Dike and his colleague,

Dr. Achumba enjoyed the

first cruise of the Keke.

Read extensively to open vistas of

opportunity, AIFA urges students

nearly perfect predictive

trajectory. Reading is so important

that only the oppressed can afford

to be illiterate. Any community

that does not promote reading

should not be recognised by

government as an autonomous

community,” Ngwu declared as

he deliverved his keynote

address titled The Importance of

Reading Culture in the Society.

One of the resource persons, Dr.

Mike Ajogwu, SAN, harped on

the importance of reading, saying

that one of the famous writers,

Charles Dickens did not have

much education but by reading

extensively, he was able to write

powerful novels.

Also chairman of Enugu State

Post-Primary School

Management Board, Barr. Nestor

Ezema stressed the importance of

reading and promised to ensure

that more teachers are employed

to teach core subjects that would

aid reading at early stage, saying

that the government would not

take the gesture of AIFA in

improving reading and learning

for granted.


How US election'll shape global democracy

In this piece, the Head, International Politics at the

Nigerian Institute of International Affairs, NIIA, `Prof

Osita Agbu and a Research Fellow at the institute, Mr.

Kelechi Nwogu analysed the US 2016 Presidential Poll for

Vanguard and its impact on democratic processes in the


This report raises the curtain on Vanguard’s special

coverage of the election which would be covered in the

US by our Group Political Editor, EMMANUEL AZIKEN

& GBENGA OKE, also of the Political Desk.

By Prof Osita Agbu &

Kelechi Nwogu

WE are at a period in the

history of America’s

electoral history that the

ordinary American citizen and

indeed, the global citizen have

never witnessed. While the

electoral process and the

developments arising therefrom

are at once entertaining and

intriguing, they are at the same

time puzzling and dangerously

close to questioning all the

democratic credentials of the

civilized world, and the United

States as its purveyor. And who

are the main actors, billionaire

Donald Trump and the

Republican party on the one

hand; and Hilary Clinton and

the Democratic Party on the


The stage is set, and there are

all sorts of stage hands all trying

to outdo each other to please the

main actors, not to make the

play pleasing to the audience,

but to satisfy their perceived and

mentally constructed finale. We

just cannot wait for the play to

end as presented by the CNN.

One thing is for sure, we all

now know more about American

democracy than ever before.

While we kept waiting for the

real issues to be thrashed out

in the debates as befitting an

advanced democracy, what

came through was thrash,

abuses, a lack of civility, bad

blood, bitterness and a confused

electorate as never seen before.



The question, therefore, is:

How did the US electoral

system throw up candidates

that appear to have baggages

trailing them, in this case

psychological, egoistic and

integrity issues.

As we know, democracy and

respect for human rights have

long been central components

of US foreign policy. Supporting

democracy not only promotes

such fundamental American

values as religious freedom and

worker rights, but also helps

create a more secure, stable, and

prosperous global arena in

which the United States can

advance its national interests.

In addition, democracy is the

one national interest we know

that that helps to secure all the

others. The thinking is that

democratically governed

•Prof Agbu

nations are more likely to secure

the peace, deter aggression,

expand open markets, promote

economic development, protect

American citizens, combat

international terrorism and

crime, uphold human and

worker rights, avoid

humanitarian crises and

refugee flows, improve the

global environment, and protect

While we kept

waiting for the real

issues to be

thrashed out in the

debates as

befitting an


democracy, what

came through

were thrash,

abuses, lack of

civility, bad blood,

bitterness and a


electorate as never

seen before

human health. Although,

democracy is an ideal, however,

you must agree with me that the

virtues are noble, and so far, we

are yet to see a type of

government better than

democracy for the selection of

leaders and protection of rights.

It is against this backdrop that

the United States sought to

promote democracy and is seen

as doing so as a means to

achieve security, stability, and

prosperity for the entire world,

assist newly formed

democracies in implementing

democratic principles, assist

democracy advocates around

the world to establish vibrant

democracies in their own

countries; and identify and

denounce regimes that deny

their citizens the right to choose

their leaders in elections that are

free, fair, and transparent.




In the past 25 years, the

United States through policy

and support of International


organizations exported

democracy to far-flanged areas

of the world.

The goal, therefore, is for the

United States to remain

committed to expanding upon

this legacy until all the citizens

of the world have the

fundamental right to choose

those who govern them through

an ongoing civil process that

includes free, fair, and

transparent elections. However,

are these ideals coming through

in the mudslinging

characterizing the present

presidential elections in the

United States with even the FBI

being accused of trying to

influence the voters by

announcing that there are more

leaked email communications,

which may further question the

integrity of Hilary Clinton as a

presidential candidate?

In respect of the US electoral

process proper, according to the

US Department of State inhouse

publication - Diplomacy

in Action, the series of

presidential primary elections

and caucuses held in each US

state and territory forms part of

the nominating process of the

United States presidential


The United States

Constitution has never

specified the process; political

parties have developed their

own procedures over time.

Some states hold only primary

elections, some hold only

caucuses, and others use a

combination of both.



These primaries and caucuses

are staggered, generally

beginning in either late-

January or early-February, and

ending about mid-June before

the general election in

November. State and local

governments run the primary

elections, while caucuses are

private events that are directly

run by the political parties


A state’s primary election or

caucus is usually an indirect

election. Instead of voters

directly selecting a particular

person running for President,

they determine the number of

delegates each party’ s

national convention will

receive from their respective

state. These delegates then, in

turn, select their party’s

presidential nominee. Each

party determines how many

delegates it allocates to each

state. Along with those pledged

delegates chosen during the

primaries and caucuses, state

delegations to both the

Democratic and Republican

conventions also include

unpledged delegates who

have a vote. For Republicans,

they consist of the three top

party officials who serve At

Large from each state and

territory. Democrats have a

more expansive group of

unpledged delegates called

super delegates, who are party

leaders and elected officials.

If no single candidate has

secured an absolute majority of

delegates (including both

pledged and unpledged), then

a brokered convention occurs,

all pledged delegates are

released after the first round of

voting and are able to switch

their allegiance to a different

candidate, and then additional

rounds take place until there is

a winner with an absolute




As have been observed by

many the ongoing presidential

campaign in the United States

stands out for its lack of civility

and the vast differences

between the candidates: the

anti-establishment businessman

Donald Trump and the polished

and experienced politician

Hillary Clinton.

The contest has exposed deep

fault lines within American

society and may have damaged

the country’s global reputation.

But has the campaign gone too

far? And what comes next? The

Republican nominee Donald

Trump could be said to be a

most unlikely populist. Having

inherited a fortune and added

value to it, he is self-confident,

sure of himself and distasteful

of other less achieved humans.

He talks of an economy he

understands, and surprisingly

shows little knowledge of

diplomacy and international

politics. But he has somehow

managed to tap into a deep vein

of distress and resentment

among millions of white

Continues on page 31


How US election'll shape global democracy

Continues from page 30

working- and middle-class Americans

who want some change, a departure

from the establishment politics they

have seen over the years. To them,

Hilary Clinton represents this


The current Polls suggest that

Clinton, a former senator and secretary

of state, will defeat the controversial

Trump, even though her lead is

increasingly narrowing by the day as

the play reaches crescendo. But the

polls could be wrong as has been

experienced severally on several other

issues around the globe in recent times,

from the Brexit vote in Europe to the

Peace Deal gone sour in Colombia. The

only poll that will finally put this

speculation to rest is that of November


The basis for Trump overcoming the

lead already established by Clinton,

and by extension Barack Obama and

the democrats is for him to win the

“battle ground” states, the states which

swing more frequently from Democrat

to Republican and back over the

decades. The other states are

considered “safe I seats” as it is easy

to predict who the winner will be.



The safe seats account for 418 of the

538 Electoral College votes to be won

on Election Day. These states are

Florida, Pennsylvania, Ohio, North

Carolina, Virginia, Colorado, Iowa,

Nevada and New Hampshire.

Yet some predictions can be made

with greater confidence. There is very

little doubt that the US will emerge

from this

election with

bruises and

a divided



of who is

president or

which party

has a

majority in

e i t h e r

chamber of


In a post




battle, it will

be more

How will

America and

the global

community be

after this

election? No

one can really

say with any


difficult to

achieve a

centrist position on issues in the United

States as the divide is not only between

the Republicans and Democrats, but

also within the wider American society.

Indeed, it is said as seen from the polls

that both presidential candidates are

actually unpopular with about 60

percent disapproval rate by Americans.

If Clinton wins, it will be a case of the -

devil you know is better than the one

you do not – and only because of

Trump’s flaws.

And if Trump wins, after we recover

from the surprise and probably miracle,

it will create a situation in which most

Democrats and even some Republicans

will make it their highest priority to

ensure that he does not have an

opportunity for a second term, given

his many flaws, governing would be

rather very difficult during his

administration. But what are the policy

issues that somehow got sidelined in

the heated media war on trivialities

during the campaign – they are issues

to do with how to enact legislation to

fund the modernization of America’s

aging infrastructure, reform of the US

tax code – in particular, lowering the

high rate for corporations and raising

taxes on the wealthy, and some reform

of health care - President Barack

Obama’s signature achievement,

which has suffered implementation


In addition, there is also the

lingering and nagging border and

immigration issues and reform, which

are as controversial in the US as it is

in Europe, as well as trade issues. It

is on record that both Trump and

Clinton oppose the Trans-Pacific

Partnership, even though its

ratification could benefit America’s

economy and strategic standing.

The foreign-policy implications of the

election is quite interesting as under

Clinton, the discretion of the president

to execute foreign policy could

translate into establishing one or more

safe areas in Syria, providing more

defensive arms to Ukraine, and taking

a tougher line toward North Korea

as it continues its nuclear and missile

buildup. On the other hand, it is more

difficult to guess what Trump would

do as one cannot seriously guess how

his many campaign rhetoric would be

translated into policy. Still, it is possible

to anticipate a Trump administration

distancing itself from some traditional

allies in Europe and Asia and standing

mostly aloof from the Middle East

crisis as noted by experts.



How will America and the global

community be after this election? No

one can really say with any certainty,

but only to hazard a guess that

American electoral experience will

never be the same again, and that both

parties - the Democratic and the

Republicans parties would have

learned some serious lessons about

who not to put forward as presidential


For the global community at all

levels, it is plausible that the choice of

Americans in this unprecedented and

dramatic electoral process will impact

one way or the other. Has faith in

democracy been eroded from this

experience? With Donald Trump

refusing to say that he will accept the

result of the election during the third

debate for instance. Perhaps! Our faith

in democracy American style is


But the lesson for all is that with over

200 years of practicing democracy

America still makes mistakes, and this

implies that for younger democracies

hope must never be lost in

incrementally building better and

transparent selection processes of our


•Osita Agbu is Research

Professor and Head, Division of

International Politics at the

Nigerian Institute of International

Affairs, Lagos. Kelechi Nwogu is

a Research Fellow at the Institute.

Latest Poll suggests tight race in battle


*How candidates stand in Arizona, Florida, Nevada and Pennsylvania

BOTH the Clinton Trump at 47%. That’s an cast ballots in Arizona

and Trump apparent shift in Clinton’s and Nevada are about

campaigns have hit the direction since the last evenly split, with a

ground hard in CNN/ORC poll there in narrow advantage for

Arizona, Florida, September before the Clinton, while she holds a

Nevada and presidential debates wide margin among those

Pennsylvania, and new began, but still a withinmargin-of-error

race. already voted in Florida.

who say they have

CNN/ORC polls across

the four states paint a In Nevada, the poll Trump tops Clinton by

picture of a tight race to suggests the race has also double-digits in all three

the finish in critical shifted, with Trump now states among those


ahead there 49% to 43%, likely voters who say

Clinton holds a 4-point with 5% behind they plan to cast their

edge among likely voters Libertarian Gary ballot on November 8.

in the historically bluetilting

Pennsylvania, and a two-point Clinton edge votes cast before

Johnson, compared with In Pennsylvania, where

Trump tops Clinton by 5 in mid-October.

election day come only

with voters in redleaning

Arizona. Though women are more apt for an absentee ballot

Across all four states, from those who apply

both states tilt in the than men to support and have a reason why

same direction as their Clinton, men tilt to Trump they can’t vote on

2012 results, the leaders’ in each place. White Election Day, there

margins are tighter than voters break heavily in were too few early

their predecessors’ final Trump’s favor in each voters to analyze.

leads were in each state. state, while non-whites In Florida and

Florida appears to be favor Clinton by wide Nevada, there are sharp

as tight a contest as ever, margins. And voters who enthusiasm gaps

with Clinton at 49% say they have already between Clinton voters

among likely voters and

and Trump voters, with

the Trump backers far

more likely to say

they’re enthusiastic

about voting this year in

both Florida (58%

among Trump

supporters, 48% among

Clinton backers) and

Nevada (61% for Trump

voters, 48% for Clinton

supporters). In Arizona

Donald Trump goes to a Wawa gas station

after a campaign event in King of Prussia,

Pennsylvania. Photo:REUTERS

and Pennsylvania,

there isn’t much of an

enthusiasm gap, but

also not much

enthusiasm either, with

fewer than half of voters

saying they are

extremely or very

enthusiastic about voting

for president this year.

S/AFRICA: Report on Zuma points to

possible corruption

AN investigation

into South Africa’s

President Jacob Zuma

has found evidence of

possible corruption at

the top level of his


In the report, former

Public Protector Thuli

M a d o n s e l a

recommends Mr Zuma

establish a judicial

commission of inquiry

within 30 days.

Mr Zuma is accused of

an improper

relationship with

wealthy businessmen.

He had tried to block

the release of the

report, but dropped his

court bid on


The president and

leader of the governing

African National

Congress (ANC) has

been dogged by

corruption allegations

for more than a decade,

but has repeatedly

denied any wrongdoing.

Police fired water

cannon to disperse

protesters who

marched on Mr Zuma’s

main office in Pretoria

to demand his


The 355-page report

by former anticorruption

chief Thuli

Madonsela is entitled

“State of Capture” and is

illustrated on its front

page with a hand strung

with puppet wires.

Iranian ex-prosecutor sentenced to

135 lashes for corruption

AN Iranian court

has sentenced

Tehran’s controversial

former chief prosecutor

to 135 lashes for

corruption, local media


Saeed Mortazavi was

convicted of

misappropriation and

wasting public goods.

The offences are said

to have taken place

while he was in charge

of Iran’s social welfare

system in 2012 and


He has previously

been the subject of US

sanctions, accused of

“sustained and severe

violations of human


State television

quoted prosecutors as

saying the sentence was

too light and that they

planned to lodge a


His sentence is also

open to appeal.

Mortazavi, a close ally

of former President

M a h m o u d

Ahmadinejad, has been

fiercely criticised by

reformists and human

rights organisations.

He rose to

prominence in the early

2000s, when he was

instrumental in shutting

down reformist

newspapers and

imprisoning journalists.


Why NJC can’t

discipline some

Judges — Falana

Mr Femi Falana, a senior advocate and leading human

rights activist needs little or no introduction. In this

interview, he proffers solutions to some questions begging

for answers on the on-going probe of some Judges for

corrupt practices in Nigeria. Among others, he explains

why some judges are untouchable and proffers solutions

on how to curb the menace of corruption in the country.


By Abdulwahab Abdulah

HOW would you

describe the unfolding

scenario bedevilling the

Nigerian Judiciary now?

The image of the country’s

judiciary is at its lowest ebb. The

judiciary has never witnessed such

humiliation before. After the

condemnation of the barbaric raid

on the houses of the judges by the

State Security Service goons, the

National Judicial Council, (NJC)

should proceed to examine the

allegations of judicial corruption

without any further delay.

Both the bar and the bench have

long been united in recognising

the dangerous rate of judicial

corruption in the country.

Regrettably, the authorities in the

legal profession have paid lip

service to the nagging crisis of

judicial corruption for too long.

Hence we have allowed the purge

to be instigated from the


Now the allegation of

corruption levelled against

some judges is becoming

messier as some lately

admitted to have been

approached for favour by

some politicians? What is your

take on this?

Frankly speaking, I did not know

that the judiciary had sunk so low

to the extent that supreme court

Justices have admitted publicly

that the doors of their homes have

been flung open to politicians.

One of the embattled jurists even

confessed that he visited a

serving minister in his house for

the purpose of discussing a

pending appeal at the apex court.

What further evidence of judicial

misconduct is the NJC looking

for? Can you imagine judges in

whose houses millions of naira and

thousands of dollars and pounds

sterling were recovered coming out

to say that they signed and

admitted the incriminating items

under duress or that the huge sums

of money were planted in their

homes by the security operatives?

Why did it take over a week to

disown the statements signed by

them? Are they not aware that they

were recorded in line with

provisions of the Administration of

Criminal Justice Act 2015?

When Governor Nyesom Wike

visited the office of the Chief Justice

at the Supreme Court complex

twice when the appeal over his

election was pending, did his

Lordship not cry out and warn him

to desist from the act? Why did both

Justices Okoro and Ngwuta not cry

out or alert the Police that they had

received strange visitors in their

homes? Of course, I have called

for an investigation of that aspect

of the allegation of judicial


What do you think the

There is no

civilised society

that will allow a

judge accused of

involvement in

judicial corruption

to continue to hear

and determine

cases while he has

not cleared himself

of the allegation

allegations and counter

allegations from the Justices

portend for the nation’s


I thought that our jurists should

not have gone that far on defending

themselves. But since they have

admitted that politicians are allowed

to visit judges, the NJC has to deal

with it separately with a view to

restoring confidence in the

judiciary at the highest level.

The NJC has been accused

of shielding some corrupt

Judges and that it lacks

political will to deal with the

•Mr Femi Falana, SAN

corruption in the Bench. What

do you have to say of this?

I do know that there are some

judges that are untouchable as far

as the NJC is concerned. For

instance, I submitted a petition

against a judge at the NJC

headquarters in Abuja. On

returning to Lagos many people

had called me to withdraw the

petition. Even the secretariat of the

NJC pleaded with me to temper

justice with mercy. Since the NJC

claimed to have dealt with all

petitions I have asked for the

decision of the body in respect of

my petition.



I just cannot understand the

seeming cover up of misconduct on

the part of some judges by the

NJC. In the instant case the

details of the allegations of judicial

corruption are in the public domain.

The huge funds recovered from the

homes of some of the judges during

the raid have been disclosed. Each

of the embattled judges has sent

a written defence to the NJC. For

goodness sake what other report is

the NJC waiting for from the DSS

before embarking on an

investigation of the unprecedented

scandal that has shaken the

nation’s judiciary to its foundation?

If the NJC had treated the scandal

with the urgency it required the

image of the judiciary would not

have been so badly dented. Last

year when some judges were

recorded on tape while negotiating

bribes in Ghana, the judicial

authorities in that country did not

wait for any formal report from the

journalist, Anas Arameyaw Anas

who carried out the sting operation.

The judges who were identified in

the tape were immediately placed

on suspension while a full scale

enquiry was ordered. At the end of

the inquiry, 22 judges were

removed from the system. But the

NJC has said that the judges would

not be suspended without an

investigation. With profound

respect, there is no precedent for

the stand of the NJC.



There is no civilised society that

will allow a judge accused of

involvement in judicial corruption

to continue to hear and determine

cases while he has not cleared

himself of the allegation. How

will litigants who appear before him

have confidence in the judicial

system? For instance, if he rules

against the government it may be

said that it is because he is facing a

trial. If he rules in favour of the

government it will be said he has

done so because he is standing


The NJC recently directed

judges handling sensitive

cases to declare their assets

before and after such matter.

Does that make any


In addressing the ethical

challenge confronting the judiciary

the NJC has to consider the full

implications of the new policies and

measures it has introduced. With

respect, these are knee jerk reactions

which are not addressing the crisis

of judicial corruption. Since the

Constitution has made adequate

provisions for declaration of assets

by public officers including judicial

officers the NJC lacks the

competence to insist that judges

should declare assets at the

beginning and conclusion of

every sensitive case. Who defines

a sensitive case? What happens

in a situation where a judge is

handling up to 10 sensitive cases?

Judicial corruption transcends the

formal declaration of assets. To

seriously address judicial

corruption the mode of

appointment has to be made

completely transparent. The

recommendations and views of

the Nigeria Bar Association, NBA,

on candidates being considered for

judicial appointments have to be

taken seriously because lawyers

know themselves. If corrupt and

incompetent judges are appointed

no amount of asset declaration will

purge or check them.

What do you feel about the

panel led by retired Justice

Idris Legbo Kutigi appointed

to design code of ethical

standard for judicial officers?

The code of conduct for public

officers and the Code of Conduct

for judicial officers are sufficient

to curb misconduct on the part of

judicial officers in the country. To

that extent what is required is to

ensure that both codes are observed

by judges.

New ethical


With respect, the Kutigi panel

should not waste time defining new

ethical standards as the existing

ones are in order. The Kutigi panel

should be tasked with the

responsibility of going round the

country like the Kayode Eso panel

to collate information on corrupt

judges throughout the federation

and make recommendations to the

NJC. Unless the ongoing probe is

thorough and all embracing it will

not stop or even reduce judicial

corruption in the country. The NJC

should therefore have another look

at the terms of reference of the

Kutigi panel.

There were controversies on

whether the NJC was duly

notified by security outfit on

corruption allegedly

perpetrated by arrested

Judges. Is it compulsory that

the security outfit must take

permission from NJC before

it will act?

What the NJC is saying is that it

was not afforded the opportunity

by the DSS to examine the

allegations against the judges. The

DSS reacted by citing a case of a

judge who was given a clean bill

of health by the NJC despite the

fact that he had collected a bribe of

N500 million. Whether the claim

of the DSS is right or not the NJC

cannot be right in insisting that

complaints of murder or bribery or

corruption involving judges have

to be reported to it. There is no law

that allows an administrative body

to usurp the functions of the police

and the courts. Of course, the DSS

may take the NJC into confidence

but there is no law that requires

the DSS or EFCC to report to the

NJC any allegation that judges

have committed or criminal

Continues on page 43


•Cross section of participants at an International Seminar on Human Rights, Environmental

Law and Children’s Rights

Activists emphasize need to protect

rights of Nigerian children

By Innocent Anaba


participants at an

International Seminar on Human

Rights, Environmental Law and

Children’s Rights have

agreed on the need for the

protection of the rights of

Nigerian child.

Chairperson, Local Organising

Committee, LOC, of the

International Seminar, Prof. Joy

Ezeilo, Associate Dean, Faculty

of Law, University of Nigeria,

Enugu Campus, in her remarks,

noted that the efforts being made

to protect the rights of the child

cannot be overemphasized.

The International Seminar on

Human Rights, Environmental

Law and Children’s Rights was

jointly organised by the

University of Nigeria, Nsukka in

collaboration with the Stockholm

University Sweden, and the

Heinrich Böll Foundation.

According to Ezeilo, the

seminar themes, include:

“Environmental Law, Human

Rights and Climate Change in a

Post 2015 World: Global Call,

Local Action; and Violence

against Children: The

Dissonance between Law and

Practice .”

Prof. Ozumba, the UNN Vice

Chancellor in his address, noted

that “Human Rights are

fundamental rights. Human

rights are universal and

inalienable. The United Nations

Charter and numerous

international instruments on

human rights have reaffirmed

faith in fundamental human

rights, in the dignity and worth

of the human person, in the

equal rights and men and

women and of nations large and


He said further: “Children are

our hope for the future and we

care a great deal about their

vulnerable nature that we have

chosen to pay special attention

to the rights of this demographic

group in this seminar.

Children’s rights are also human

rights in a specialised way and

we care enough about them to

even have a law course in this

university on Children and

Women’s law since 1997.



This indeed shows how much

we are willing to invest in the

interest of our children,” he


On his part, Professor Jonas

Ebbesson, Dean of Faculty of

Law, Stockholm University, said

“On behalf of the president of

Stockholm University, Vice-

Chancellor, Professor Astrid

Söderbergh Widding, I am

honoured to give you greetings

from Stockholm. Our president

Söderbergh Widding met your

president, Professor Benjamin

Ozumba earlier this year in

Stockholm and both expressed

interest in developing

collaboration for exchange of both

students and researchers.

“We are both comprehensive

universities with strong faculties

of shared interest. Stockholm

University has noted an increase

in applications from Nigerian

students and we welcome your

students to our Masters

programmes, most of which are

held in English.

“We have strong research in

fields of importance to Nigeria

such as sustainability,

governance and education and

would like to explore more

opportunities for research

collaborations and staff


“From my position as Dean of

the Faculty of Law, at Stockholm

University, I share these views.

The Faculty of Law is consistently

searching for academic

institutions around the world for

cooperation in student exchange

as well as research.

“Despite the many differences

between the societies and

environments in Sweden and

Nigeria, the topics chosen –

human rights, environmental

law, and children’s rights – are

of high relevance for both

countries, and they show that we

are facing many similar

challenges. It is my strong belief

that sustainable academic

cooperation in research cannot be

imposed top-down.’’

Why NJC can’t discipline some

Judges — Falana

Continues from page 42

offences be reported.

How would you view the

position of the NJC that the

recent invasion or arrest of

some suspected judicial

officers can be capitalized by

some hoodlums to also

invade Judges’ houses at will?

I have always condemned the

humiliation of criminal suspects

generally. Instead of shouting

myself hoarse over the raid on the

judges’ home I have demanded

that we formulated a policy for

dealing with all criminal suspects.



Let us stop talking of Gestapo

tactics when judges and lawyers

as well as other influential people

are harassed by security forces

because majority of criminal

suspects are daily assaulted or

tortured by the police even when

they are presumed innocent until

the contrary is proved by the State.

I do not share the view that the

nocturnal raid on the homes of 7

judges will expose Nigerian judges

to hoodlums. My home was

raided not less than 15 times by the

National Security Organisation

now State Security Service and the

Police from 1985-1997 under the

defunct military junta.

But those illegal raids have not

exposed me to danger from

hoodlums. If the lives of our judges

By Jane Echewedo

THE Lagos State

Government has been

urged to refrain from granting

consent to prospective

applicants who wish to trade on

Oyetubo Joko-Tade Estate

Resources Ltd without their


In a letter to the Lagos State

Registrar of Titles, Lands

Bureau, the holding company

owned by the Oyemade Royal

Family informed the state

government that it has

disengaged the services of one

Ms Folashade Ogundare who

was formerly invested with the

are threatened let the NJC ask

for adequate security for them.

Would you subscribe to the

argument that the root cause

of the problem today stem from

the appointment of the


Yes. Lawyers regularly discuss

the involvement of certain judges

in corrupt practices. I know one

lawyer who could not be appointed

in the state where he had his

practice because he was alleged to

be an agent of corrupt judges.

But he ran to Abuja and was

made a federal high court judge

without any protest from the NBA

which has five members in the

National Judicial Council. You

cannot have an incorruptible

judiciary without an incorruptible


Lawyers know all corrupt

lawyers and judges but have failed

to move against them. Through

compromise and connivance, the

NBA allows corrupt and

incompetent lawyers to be elevated

to the bench. The root cause of the

crisis is the mode of appointment.

Not too long ago brilliant and

incorruptible lawyers were invited

to join the bench.

But today the system allows

corrupt and incompetent lawyers

to be appointed as judges. Each of

the branches of the NBA knows all

the bad lawyers but will paint them

in beautiful colours when asked to

make input into the process of


Registrar warns against

unauthorized dealing on land

power of attorney over the

company land located in

Sangotedo area of the state.

The letter was signed by a

director of the company, Otunba

Babatunde Rahman and five

shareholders namely, Chief

Muka Bajulaiye, Alhaja Ajimot

Ashaku Adisa, Chief Adelaja

Nureni, Mrs Racheal Tokede

and Mr. Saliu Tajudeen.

The company through the

letter stated that it has been

having a running battle with its

erstwhile Secretary / Attorney,

Ms Ogudare over alleged

mismanagement of proceeds of

sale of the company’s land

located at Sangotedo area of


CDHR pledges support for anti corruption war

By Onozure Dania

THE Committee for the

Defence of Human Rights

(CDHR) has pledged its

support for the Economic and

Financial Crimes Commission,

(EFCC)’s anti-corruption fight.

The group made this known

during its Annual General

Conference (AGC) in Lagos

which drew it’s members from

across the country, where it

called on President

Muhammadu Buhari to set up

a trust fund to manage the loot

recovered by the EFCC and

other anti-corruption agencies.

“The CDHR supports the

crusade for transparency and

anti-corruption by the Economic

and Financial Crimes

Commission, (EFCC) and

therefore express our profound

support for the anti-corruption


“The Senate as a matter of

urgency, and without further

delay, should confirm the

appointment of the EFCC

Acting Chairman, so as to put

the EFCC on a sound footing

and to guaranteeing unfettered

crusade against corruption in

Nigeria,” it said.

According to the group, a

recovered loot trust fund would

compel government and antigraft

agencies to make full

disclosure of recovered loot and

their sources, forestall re-looting

by the political elite and

provide funds for “financing

programmes that address

poverty and create wealth.”

Those in attendance at the

AGC , includes CDHR founding

secretary-general and now

Chairman, Editorial Board of

The Nation Newspapers, Mr.

Sam Omatseye who

delivered a keynote address on

“The Concept of Rule of Law

and The Notion of Justice for

the Survival of The Nigerian



Innocent Anaba

( Head)

Wahab Abdulah

Dayo Benson


44—Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016

How ECOWAS trade liberalisation

protects revenue for govt

Dr. Martin Oluba is an economic

policy analyst. He spoke to

Vanguard on the benefits ECOWAS

Trade Liberalisation Scheme

(ETLS) offers to Nigeria, what can

be done to boost intra-African

trade, among other issues.


By Naomi Uzor

REGIONAL economic

integration has been a

very big issue in ECOWAS

for a long time. What is your

take on this?

Listen to this, as at the end of

2015, the National Bureau of Statistics

(NBS) said that capital importation

into Nigeria was approximately

$9 billion. However,

65 per cent of this amount came

from only the United States of

America and the United Kingdom.

There are so many reasons why

African countries trade more with

foreign countries than among

themselves, but I can talk about

a few. If you look at a typical case,

Nigeria, the demand pattern

shifted when we had the oil

boom, so elitist consumption patterns

came in and you wouldn’t

easily get things produced in Africa.

The natural tendency was,

therefore, with this money in our

hands, far in excess of what we

normally have, where do we get

the kind of lifestyle that we have

chosen for ourselves? It’s outside

of the continent! So, that’s typically

why you have more of that.



But that has to change, not necessarily

because they are bad but

because there are alternatives

here. We need to leverage the

natural resources we have.

Do you see the ECOWAS

Trade Liberalisation Scheme

as a way of smoothing trade

relationships among countries

in the sub-region?

It’s normal and typical to have

barriers. But then again, it is also

the norm within economic blocs

to find ways of taking out these

barriers. The global tendency is

to liberalise trade as much as possible

so that nations could trade

with each other with fewer restrictions.

Just last year, the total value of

imported products from all the

other 53 African countries into

Nigeria was $100 million and in

ECOWAS, for instance, a lot of

that has been done under the

ECOWAS Trade Liberalisation

Scheme (ETLS) which was intended

to remove non-tariff and

tariff barriers to trade among


But then again, you find them

in different blocs. Even the ETLS

is copied because it’s the norm

We need trade,

not aid. This tells

the entire story.

Trade prospers

both the seller as

well as the buyer

sitisation. In fact, countries can

even partner in capacity building

in these areas. All of that, I think,

will help check smuggling.

If you are to outline the

benefits of trade liberalisation,

what would you say?

If you, for instance, use the

ETLS as a case study, let us single

them out. For instance, government

is a stakeholder in the

process and that is basically why

they decided on it. What is government

interested in? Government

wants to ensure that it can

stop smuggling; government

wants to protect the private sector

in these countries. Part of what

it wants to do is to reduce the

price un-competitiveness of products

within the ECOWAS region.

That way, the first is that the

ETLS, which is like the flagship

for liberalisation within the subregion,

helps to protect the revenue

that government typically

Dr. Martin Oluba

globally. And it presents a whole

lot of benefits for Nigeria as a

country and for the whole of Africa

as a continent.

How does ETLS checkmate

illegal cross-border flow of


There are a lot more that can

be done beyond just ETLS because

ETLS itself, for instance, is

not a magic wand. Countries also

need to do a lot more in terms of

checking their borders and retraining

those who work at their

borders. There is need for re-senloses

through smuggling and

through dumping. Number two;

it gives the private sector producers

the advantage of price competitiveness.

Number three, there

is enormous capacity building in

all of that. Number four; there is

enormous prosperity that goes

with it.

For instance, the ETLS expands

market; it gives market access.

Once you have market access, one

of the things that go with it is the

demand pressure on manufacturers.

That pressure on manufacturers

forces you to employ more,

to buy more equipment, to expand

on your processes.

Again, one of the things trade

liberalisation does is, it enhances

capacity and improves on standards

across the board. It helps

to improve on products standards.

You know, one of the things often

mentioned as partly responsible

for unfair terms of trade is

that they say the standards of

products from Africa are not too

good. Liberalisation helps you to

work on your standards and

that’s one of the things you bring

to the market – enhanced standard.

Are Nigerian companies wellplaced

to tap into the opportunities

inherent in the ETLS?

I think Nigeria still has a lot to

do to increase awareness, to sensitise

industries and in fact to sensitise

even the stakeholders within

the entire ETLS implementation

chain, including those who

work in the ports, to let them know

about the advantages that these

offers, and communicate same to


For instance, let me go back to

the issue of tobacco. If for instance,

you farm 10 hectares of vegetables,

you will not get as much foreign

exchange as you would get

if you farm 10 hectares of tobacco.

Now if you have that in mind,

what you do is to have a policy

that tells you, hey, go there, plant

more of this, if you export it you

are going to do more for your


Do you think ETLS can reduce

poverty and boost the

Nigerian economy?

“Like it’s often said, ‘we need

trade, not aid.’ This tells the entire

story. Trade prospers both the

seller as well as the buyer. So, for

a country exporting, it offers prosperity,

while the country importing,

it also brings prosperity.”

Also, you need to have good policies

that enable you to harness

what side of the trade that you

are in.

Of course, when we say side,

you should be on both sides anyway;

it depends on what you’re

offering and what you are getting.

So, it should ordinarily lead to

prosperity for all and reduce poverty.

First, ETLS will stimulate

economic activities, promote trade

among member-states, and once

you promote trade, it should ordinarily

lead to the creation of

more jobs.

What the ETLS ordinarily will

do is expanding the market that

is available. Nigeria has some advantages

in terms of its human

resource and natural resources.

It has natural resources in virtually

every aspect of factor categorisation

– in minerals; it has

columbite, tin, iron, steel, uranium,


Forex availability will drive economic

sustainability — IDL boss

By Princewill Ekwujuru

& Favour Ikede


urged to encourage

‘Made in Nigeria’ products by

making foreign exchange

available to manufacturers if the

drive for economic sustenance

through local producers is to be


This was the advice of the

Managing Director of

Intercontinental Distillers

Limited, IDL, Engr. Patrick

Anegbe. Speaking at the relaunch

of Eagle Schnapps and

the company’s distributors’

award in Lagos,

Anegbe stated that in line

with government’s current

policy to achieve economic

sustenance by encouraging

‘Made in Nigeria’ products,

“we urge them to make this

dream come true by providing

adequate infrastructure and

access to forex to purchase our

much needed equipment.”



He also urged relevant

regulatory agencies to continue

the fight against producers of

adulterated products, fakes and

pass-offs whose activities

threaten the industry

As a 100 per cent-owned



LPFO for coal

By Franklin Alli

DANGOTE Cement Plc is

eliminating the use of

Low Pour Fuel Oil (LPFO) for

coal in its operations in Nigeria.

This will take effect from

January 2017.

In a statement, the Managing

Director of the Company,

Onne Van der Weijde, said:

“We are eliminating LPFO from

our fuel mix, as we increase our

use of coal and as higher gas

levels return. We do not expect

to use LPFO again this year.

From January 2017, our use of

own-mined coal sourced in

Nigeria and paid for in Naira,

will further improve margins

and significantly reduce our

need for foreign currency.”

The statement further noted

that similar to the second

quarter of 2016, the firm had

to contend with high fuel costs

due to disruptions to gas supplies

as a result of the vandalized

gas pipeline infrastructure.

“Although management effected

a significant price hike

of around 39 per cent for the

Nigerian market in late August,

it appears that the combination

of slower sales growth in Q3

(relative to the months preceding

the price review) and significantly

higher fuel costs

(+53 per cent year on year nine

months 2016) more than offset

the effect of the upward review

in prices,” it said.

It further noted that during

the period under review, although

revenue increased by

N76.642 billion from N365.450

billion it made during the

same period in 2015, yet the

crises of foreign exchange

gulped a huge amount of its

revenue, as it spent N231.684

billion on cost of sales during

the review period of nine

months 2016 as against

N138.694 billion spent on the

same purpose in nine months


Nigerian company. “Our

wines and spirits are made in

Nigeria by Nigerians for the

Nigeria market. What this

means is that whenever

consumers purchase our brands

they are growing the Nigeria

economy and creating jobs, he


Also speaking, Mr.

Mobolaji Alalade, Head of

Marketing, said the product

was renewed because of

imitations in the market.

He said that the new look

features fool proof security

feature on bottle caps and label.

He further added that the gift

pack was one of its kinds in

Nigeria and each contains a tot

glass and handkerchief.

Vanguard, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2016—45

Osun tackles girl child education

By Olaniyi Ige

FROM a global

perspective, the girl

child is generally considered

highly vulnerable to several

societal ills, especially in

developing countries where

it is believed that effective

policies and calculated

efforts are needed to

safeguard the girl child from

the detrimental effect of

violence, limited access to

education, neglect, abuse,

gender disparities, among

other challenges.

There is growing concern

all over the world that

decisive and urgent actions

need to be taken to address

these challenges by creating

an enabling environment

that will promote proper

development of the girl


Unarguably, education

and empowerment

initiatives have been

identified as crucial vehicles

that can be utilized to correct

the many troubles of the girl

child and also drive

sustainable development.

This year, attention of

governments, nongovernmental

organisations, policy makers

and stakeholders again

turned to issues

surrounding the girl child

as the world observed the

International Day of the Girl

Child on October 11 with the

theme “Girls’ Progress =

Goals’ Progress: A Global

Girl Data Movement” in

line with the United Nations

(UN) declaration.



This special day is set

aside annually to raise

public awareness on girls’

right and highlights gender

inequalities that remain

between girls and boys all

over the world.

According to the UN,

“there are 1.1 billion girls

today, a powerful constituency

for shaping a

sustainable world that’s

better for everyone. They are

brimming with talent and

creativity. But their dreams

and potential are often

thwarted by discrimination,

violence and lack of equal

opportunities. There are

glaring gaps in data and

knowledge about the

specific needs and

challenges that girls face.”

Like other developing

countries, the girl child in

Nigeria is also faced with

most of the challenges

confronting girls all over the

world. One appalling

example is the case of the

276 girls kidnapped in a

school in Chibok, Borno


The sufferings that the

Osun gov, Aregbesola

girls have been exposed to

while in captivity for more

than two years further

highlight the urgency

required in addressing girl