Barefoot Vegan Mag Jan_Feb 2017

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Hello beautiful people!<br />



IS JUST BEING VEGAN ENOUGH? I’ll be honest,<br />

some of the nicest people I’ve ever met have been<br />

vegan and some of the meanest people I’ve ever<br />

met have also been vegan too. I strongly believe<br />

that if we truly want to promote radical change in<br />

this world, then we need to exercise our<br />

compassion muscles in all areas of our lives – not<br />

just in promoting veganism. And so the theme<br />

for this issue is compassion – and that’s a<br />

wonderful theme to start the New Year with,<br />

don’t you think? As usual we’ve got lots of beautiful and inspiring content to help us identify<br />

areas in our lives where compassion plays its part. Founder of Free From Harm and author<br />

of the new book ‘Farm to Fable’, Robert Grillo is our front cover interview and he gives us a<br />

fascinating insight into the marketing strategies of the animal agriculture industries; how<br />

fact is mixed with fiction to make myths our reality and it’s the animals that suffer. We<br />

meet the super cool Jez Haur from Hipster Veggie to discuss compassion for self and how to<br />

promote veganism in our communities; author Sarah Withrow King explains how caring for<br />

animals can help shape our faith in God, and Dr. Casey Taft shares his thoughts regarding<br />

oppressive behaviours in the vegan anti-natalist movement. We’ve also got some delicious<br />

recipes from leading vegan children’s book author Ruby Roth, from her new book ‘The Help<br />

Yourself Cookbook for Kids’, a few favourites from ‘Homestyle <strong>Vegan</strong>’ by Amber St. Peter<br />

that will take you back to the taste of home, and we caught up with Tess Masters (a.k.a The<br />

Blender Girl) to get her top tips for setting health goals for the New Year and her favourite<br />

recipes from her new book: ‘The Perfect Blend’. Plus there’s so much more! As vegans we<br />

already seek to live a life reflective of our values of kindness and compassion. So I’ll leave<br />

you with this thought… What other ways are there that we can turn this compassion into<br />

action to help bring more love and justice into the world in <strong>2017</strong>?<br />

With love,<br />

Emma Letessier

Regular Contributors...<br />

Anneka Svenska is the founder of<br />

‘Green World Television’ & ‘Angels for<br />

the Innocent Foundation’. To view<br />

some of the Green World TV Films<br />

Anneka has released please click here .<br />

You can also visit her website & connect<br />

with her on Facebook & Twitter.<br />

Valerie McGowan is the Director of the<br />

<strong>Vegan</strong> Society of Humboldt & studied<br />

Holistic Nutrition . She writes about<br />

intersectional veganism & how Christian<br />

teachings support a vegan lifestyle. You<br />

can read Valerie’s writing at her website<br />

& connect with her on Facebook.<br />

Katrina Fox is an award-winning<br />

journalist, media and PR consultant,<br />

founder of the content and events<br />

platform <strong>Vegan</strong> Business Media and<br />

host of <strong>Vegan</strong> Business Talk podcast.<br />

Visit her website & connect with her on<br />

Facebook, Twitter & Instagram.<br />

Julia Feliz Brueck is an illustrator &<br />

runs a vegan craftivist page, where she<br />

posts about cruelty-free craft. She holds<br />

two diplomas in illustration, as well as<br />

undergraduate & graduate degrees in<br />

marine science & conservation ecology.<br />

Connect with her on Facebook.<br />

Linda Monahan is an ethical vegan,<br />

writer, poet, priestess & flower<br />

essence practitioner. You can find out<br />

more about Linda’s work by visiting her<br />


Clare Mann is a psychologist, bestselling<br />

author & animal advocate. She<br />

provides skills training to help vegans<br />

& animal advocates communicate<br />

more effectively. Visit her website &<br />

connect with her via Facebook &<br />

Twitter.<br />

<strong>Jan</strong>uary/<strong>Feb</strong>ruary <strong>2017</strong><br />

<strong>Barefoot</strong> <strong>Vegan</strong> <strong>Mag</strong>azine<br />

www.<strong>Barefoot</strong><strong>Vegan</strong>.com<br />

Honey Morris is the creator of<br />

Veggie Yum Yums, a friendly vegan<br />

Facebook page, & she’s also the<br />

Assistant Online Editor of <strong>Barefoot</strong><br />

<strong>Vegan</strong>. Click here to visit her<br />

website.<br />

Editor<br />

Emma Letessier<br />

editor@barefootvegan.com<br />

Advertising enquiries<br />

advertising@barefootvegan.com<br />

Tom Leslie is a lover of endurance<br />

sport, especially running and cycling.<br />

A key reason for opting for the vegan<br />

lifestyle was his love for animals and<br />

his desire for all creatures to be free<br />

from harm and exploitation.<br />

Got a story idea?<br />

Click here to find out<br />

about writing for<br />

<strong>Barefoot</strong> <strong>Vegan</strong>...<br />

Design<br />

Emma Letessier<br />

‘<strong>Barefoot</strong> <strong>Vegan</strong>’ is a trade mark of Letessier<br />

Communications Ltd.<br />

ISSN 2058-9840<br />

© <strong>2017</strong> Letessier Communications Ltd. All<br />

rights reserved.<br />

While every effort has been made to ensure that<br />

information is correct at the time of publication, the<br />

authors and publisher cannot be held responsible<br />

for the outcome of any action or decision based on<br />

the information contained in this publication.<br />

The publishers or authors do not give any warranty<br />

for the completeness or accuracy for this<br />

publication’s content, explanation or opinion.<br />

This magazine is not intended as a substitute for the<br />

medical advice of physicians. The reader should<br />

regularly consult a physician in matters relating to<br />

his/her health and particularly with respect to any<br />

symptoms that may require diagnosis or medical<br />

attention.<br />

No part of this publication may be reproduced or<br />

transmitted in any form without prior written<br />

permission of the publisher. Permission is only<br />

deemed valid if approval is in writing.<br />

All images used have been sourced via Shutterstock,<br />

Freepik.com, and Pixabay.com. Images used in<br />

editorial context have been credited.

Curbside<br />

Compassion<br />

78<br />



8 The Help Yourself Cookbook for Kids<br />

Recipes from author Ruby Roth’s latest book<br />

17 Homestyle <strong>Vegan</strong><br />

Amber St. Peter shares vegan recipes that capture<br />

that taste of home<br />

24 The Perfect Blend<br />

Tess Masters shares her tips for setting New Year<br />

health goals plus recipes from her new book<br />

36 <strong>Vegan</strong>ism is Compassion<br />

Stacey Cook shares why she believes the two are<br />

inextricably linked<br />

40 Hipster Veggie<br />

We meet London YouTuber Jez Haur to discuss<br />

compassion for self & inspiring your community<br />

46 Compassion Fatigue<br />

Author Jennifer Blough on how to cope with burn out<br />

when caring for others<br />

50 Confessions of a <strong>Vegan</strong> Heretic<br />

With Valerie McGowan<br />

54 Faith and Compassion<br />

A Christian take on what it means to live<br />

compassionately<br />


58<br />

Robert Grillo: We spoke with author,<br />

founder and director of Free From<br />

Harm, Robert Grillo, on some of the<br />

myths that prevent us from living<br />


54<br />

102<br />

17<br />

66 Compassion Over Cruelty<br />

A film to challenge what we know about cruelty-free cosmetics<br />


72 <strong>Vegan</strong>gelical<br />

Author Sarah Withrow King on how caring for animals can<br />

shape our faith<br />

78 Curbside Compassion<br />

Linda Monahan on our attitude to animals killed on roads<br />

82 Compassion for Animals Through <strong>Vegan</strong>ism<br />

With Tom Leslie<br />


88 Why Compassion is Essential to Social Justice<br />

With Katrina Fox<br />

96 Anti-Natalism is Bad for <strong>Vegan</strong>ism<br />

Dr. Casey Taft shares his thoughts on oppressive behaviours<br />

in the vegan anti-natalists movement<br />

102 Craft as Activism<br />

Author and illustrator, Julia Feliz Brueck on creative ways to<br />

speak up for animals<br />

104 Compassionate Crafting<br />

96<br />

Honey Morris shares her love of crafting and how to ensure it<br />

remains vegan-friendly

“Your kiddos, nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and students<br />

are going to go bananas for this book! It's also the perfect<br />

gift for adults who are "too busy" to eat healthy. There's no<br />

easier cookbook, ha!” - Ruby Roth<br />

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Struggling to get your kids to eat their<br />

fruits and vegetables? Try letting them<br />

help themselves!<br />

Ruby Roth is the world's leading author and illustrator of<br />

vegan and vegetarian books for kids and her latest<br />

offering is the gorgeously illustrated Help Yourself<br />

Cookbook for Kids.<br />

Experts tell us the best way to teach kids healthy eating<br />

habits is to involve them in the process. This irresistible<br />

cookbook presents 60 appealing recipes kids will beg to<br />

make themselves, in fun and charming illustrations they<br />

will love. Bursting with colour, humour, cute animal<br />

characters, and cool facts (did you know your brain<br />

actually shrinks when you're dehydrated? Drink water,<br />

quick!), Help Yourself empowers children to take charge<br />

of their own nutrition - for now and for life!<br />

Ruby has shared three of her favourite recipes with us<br />

from the book. So what are you waiting for? Get those<br />

kiddies busy in the kitchen!<br />

Click on the cover image above to<br />

buy your copy.<br />

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Homestyle<br />

VEGAN<br />

Amber St. Peter is known for her delicious and<br />

approachable recipes that inspire the vegan community<br />

to cook at home more often.<br />

In her latest book, Homestyle <strong>Vegan</strong>, you’ll have<br />

access to creative vegan remakes of old favourites.<br />

There’s 80 incredible recipes―each paired with a<br />

beautiful photo―this book will have everyone<br />

round your dinner table begging for more. You’ll<br />

be cooking healthier dishes that remind you of<br />

home in no time.<br />

Amber has very generously shared three of her<br />

favourite recipes from the book with us. Enjoy!<br />

To get your copy of this<br />

delightful cookbook, just<br />

click on the cover image.<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 17

Baked Butternut Squash<br />

Mac ‘N’ Cheese<br />

My mum made a mean baked mac ‘n’ cheese when I was a kid. Cheesy, ooey-gooey and covered in<br />

crispy bread crumbs—it was one of my favourite meals! This butternut squash version blends the<br />

sweet and savory flavours of winter squash into a cheesy sauce to make a meal that’ll totally take<br />

you back to childhood. I covered mine in bread crumbs, too. Mum would be proud!<br />


SERVES 6 TO 8<br />

6 cups (840 g) peeled and cubed butternut squash (1" [2.5 cm] cubes)<br />

1 tbsp (15 ml) olive oil<br />

Salt and pepper<br />

1 lb (454 g) elbow noodles<br />

1 ½ cups (360 ml) unsweetened almond milk<br />

2/3 cup (80 g) nutritional yeast<br />

3 tbsp (45 ml) lemon juice<br />

1 tbsp (14 g) Dijon mustard<br />

1 clove garlic<br />

½ tsp turmeric<br />

1/3 cup (50 g) bread crumbs<br />

Fresh parsley, for garnish<br />

TIP<br />

Creamier mac<br />

more your style?<br />

Skip the baking!<br />

Preheat the oven to 400ºF (205ºC). Line a baking sheet with parchment paper.<br />

Spread the cubed squash onto the baking sheet. Drizzle with the olive oil, sprinkle with salt and pepper and bake<br />

for about 30 minutes, flipping halfway through, until fork-tender. Keep the oven on.<br />

While the squash roasts, bring a medium pot of water to a boil. Pour in the elbow noodles and a pinch of salt and<br />

bring back to a boil. Cook for 6 to 10 minutes, until al dente. Strain and set aside.<br />

When the squash is ready, pour it into a high-speed blender or food processor along with the almond milk,<br />

nutritional yeast, lemon juice, Dijon mustard, garlic, turmeric and 1 teaspoon each salt and pepper. Blend until<br />

smooth, then pour the mixture over the cooked noodles and stir to combine.<br />

Pour the mixture into a 9 x 13-inch (23 x 33-cm) baking dish, top with the bread crumbs and bake for about 15<br />

minutes, or until the mixture is bubbling and golden. Serve with a sprinkle of fresh parsley!<br />

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Vegetable<br />

Pot Pie<br />

Pot pies stuffed with seasonal vegetables are the best. Easy to make and even easier to eat up, they<br />

come together quickly and have plenty of room for experimentation. This healthier, meat-free<br />

version topped with a buttery crust has become a go-to weeknight dinner in our house!<br />

SERVES 6<br />

Filling<br />

1 tbsp (15 ml) olive oil<br />

2 cloves garlic, minced<br />

1 cup (150 g) chopped yellow onion<br />

3 cups (475 g) frozen mixed green beans, carrots, corn<br />

and peas (or sub fresh!)<br />

1 cup (225 g) cubed red potatoes ( ½ " [1.3 cm] cubes)<br />

½ cup (63 g) all-purpose flour<br />

2 cups (480 ml) vegetable broth<br />

2 bay leaves<br />

1 tsp salt<br />

½ tsp pepper<br />

1 tbsp (15 g) vegan butter, melted<br />

Crust<br />

2 ¼ cups (281 g) all-purpose flour<br />

1 tbsp (15 g) sugar<br />

1 tsp salt<br />

½ cup (115 g) cold vegan butter or coconut oil<br />

1/3 to ½ cup (80 to 120 ml) ice water<br />

Preheat the oven to 400ºF (205ºC). Grease an 8 x 8-inch (20 x 20-cm) square baking dish.<br />

Prepare the crust by combining the flour, sugar and salt in a large mixing bowl. Cut in the cold butter with a pastry<br />

cutter or fork until small crumbs form. Drizzle in the ice water, using a wooden spoon to stir the mixture together until<br />

a dough forms. Wrap the dough in plastic wrap and stick it in the fridge to chill.<br />

To prepare the filling, heat the olive oil in a large saucepan over medium heat. Add the garlic and onion and sauté until<br />

soft, 5 to 7 minutes. Add the mixed vegetables and potatoes and stir to combine. Next, add in the flour and stir to coat<br />

the vegetables. Then, whisk in the vegetable broth. Finally, add the bay leaves, salt and pepper and simmer the mixture<br />

until thickened, about 10 minutes.<br />

While the mixture thickens, remove the crust from the fridge and turn it out onto a lightly floured surface. Split the<br />

dough into two halves. Roll them out to about ¼ -inch (6-mm) thickness, and press one half of the dough into the<br />

greased baking dish, being sure to cover the dish completely. Set the other rolled-out dough aside for the top layer of<br />

the pie.<br />

Once the sauce has thickened, remove the bay leaves and discard. Pour the thickened vegetable filling into the crustlined<br />

baking dish. Carefully place the second crust over the top, using a fork or your fingers to press together the edges.<br />

Poke a few small holes in the top for steam to escape using a fork or a toothpick. Brush the top generously with the<br />

melted vegan butter.<br />

Bake the pie for 30 to 40 minutes, or until the crust is golden. Let cool for 5 minutes before cutting and serving.<br />

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Chocolate Chip<br />

Cookie Bars<br />

These bars are FREAKY good. Packed with protein from the peanut butter, they’re basically a<br />

workout food . . . that’s how that works, right? They’re sweet, chewy, ooey-gooey and very worthy<br />

of your next girls’ night Netflix marathon.<br />


1 cup (192 g) sugar<br />

1 cup (180 g) peanut butter<br />

¾ cup (180 ml) unsweetened almond milk<br />

1 tsp vanilla extract<br />

1 ½ cups (188 g) all-purpose flour<br />

2 tsp (7 g) baking powder<br />

¼ tsp salt<br />

½ cup (100 g) vegan chocolate chips or chunks<br />

MAKES 12<br />

Tip For denser,<br />

fudgier bars be sure<br />

to refrigerate the<br />

bars for at least 2<br />

hours before eating.<br />

Preheat the oven to 350ºF (175ºC). Line or grease an 8 x 8-inch (20 x 20-cm) baking dish and set aside.<br />

In a stand mixer or large mixing bowl, beat together the sugar, peanut butter, milk and vanilla. Pour in the flour,<br />

baking powder and salt and beat until a stiff batter forms. Fold in the chocolate chips, then add the batter to the<br />

prepared baking dish, using a wooden spoon to press the batter evenly into the pan.<br />

Bake for 20 to 25 minutes, then move to a wire rack to cool. Once completely cooled, cut into 12 equal bars and serve!<br />

Recipe credit: All recipes in this article reprinted from Homestyle <strong>Vegan</strong> by Amber St. Peter with the<br />

permission of Page Street Publishing Co.<br />

Photo credits: Amber St. Peter<br />

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Tess Masters - a.k.a. The Blender Girl— is an online phenomenon and in<br />

her new book (The Perfect Blend) she offers up 100 recipes for healthy living<br />

with tasty, crowd-pleasing dishes to help boost nutrition.<br />

The Perfect Blend functions not only as a cookbook but also as a<br />

guide for how to lead a more vibrant and healthy life. Tess lays<br />

out a dozen healthy goals for readers, capitalising on current<br />

trends such as gaining energy, boosting immunity, reducing<br />

inflammation, detoxing the body, and probiotic power. Then,<br />

using her fun, playful voice, she gives easy-to-follow recipes for<br />

smoothies, elixirs, snacks, salads, sides, soups, mains, and desserts<br />

that help get results fast. Including a guide to key ingredients, an<br />

extensive resources section, and optional nutritional boosters for<br />

each recipe, The Perfect Blend will help readers find their own<br />

perfect blend.<br />

We spoke with Tess to get her tips for setting New Year<br />

health goals and she has also very kindly shared some<br />

of her favourite recipes from The Perfect Blend. To get<br />

your copy, just click on the cover image, right ><br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 25

It’s the New Year, and your book is perfect for<br />

those of us who need a health reboot! What<br />

are some of the health goals people should be<br />

setting for themselves?<br />

There are a few easy things people can do to achieve optimal<br />

health:<br />

Hydrate: drink plenty of low sugar fluids like filtered water,<br />

freshly made juices, and herbal teas, as well as increase the<br />

intake of high-water contents raw fruits and vegetables like<br />

melons, cucumber, celery, lettuces and leafy greens, citrus<br />

fruits, radishes, tomatoes, carrots, broccoli, and cauliflower.<br />

Go Green: increase the consumption of green vegetables<br />

like spinach, kale, chard, collard greens, bok choy, arugula,<br />

lettuces, broccoli, brussel sprouts and other mineral-rich<br />

vegetables. Either use them in a salad, or add them to stirfries,<br />

stews, and soups, or throw them into a smoothie.<br />

Push The Probiotics: include pre-biotic and probiotic-rich<br />

foods to aid gut health and immunity. Include beverages like<br />

kefir, kombucha, or rejuvelac, eat ½ cup of cultured<br />

vegetables with a meal, or add some probiotic powder to a<br />

smoothie or juice.<br />

80/20 Plate: Reverse your thinking about portions. Consider<br />

filling 80% of the plate with vegetables and 20% with clean<br />

protein choices.<br />

Move: engage in some kind of gentle movement – walking,<br />

rebounding, stretching every day, and some kind of weight<br />

bearing exercise a few times a week.<br />

How does the content in The Perfect Blend<br />

support people towards achieving these<br />

goals?<br />

I open the book with a master list of nutrient-dense hero<br />

foods that help keep the body in optimal health. Anchored<br />

to this master list, the recipes are then divided into 12<br />

chapters, all categorised by health goals. You can make<br />

recipes to gain energy, optimise protein intake, boost<br />

immunity, lose weight, combat inflammation, lower carbs,<br />

utilise healthy fats, include probiotics, balance alkalinity,<br />

combine foods for optimal digestion, or just blend fabulous<br />

flavours for culinary pleasure.<br />

Each chapter opens with the top foods that help<br />

you achieve that specific goal, practical information<br />

about their health benefits, and tips for how to blend<br />

them for amazing textures and tastes. Then, there are<br />

recipes for smoothies, elixirs, snacks, salads, sides,<br />

mains, and desserts utilising these foods. So,<br />

incorporating your daily quota of fruits and veggies is<br />

easy and fun.<br />

The recipes are designed to be functional and<br />

flexible, and all include three optional boosters that<br />

enhance flavour and nutrition. So, you can tailor these<br />

meals and snacks to your own preferences to find your<br />

perfect blend.<br />

On your blog, you describe your own<br />

health journey, and explain that one of<br />

the biggest lessons you learnt was that<br />

there is no ‘one size fits all’ diet approach.<br />

What advice would you give to others who<br />

are still searching for the way of eating to<br />

suit them best?<br />

Yes! I dogmatically followed countless whole foods<br />

diets, and the moment I embraced the concept of bioindividuality,<br />

and adopted a flexible and fluid approach<br />

to health and nutrition my whole world opened up.<br />

We all have varying needs depending on our genes,<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 26

“Perception is a huge<br />

barrier to healthy<br />

living. When you have<br />

amazing recipes,<br />

vegetables can be sexy,<br />

mind-blowingly<br />

delicious, and really<br />

enjoyable.”<br />

age, activity levels, overall health, and so on. And there is a<br />

lot of conflicting information about health and nutrition. It<br />

can be confusing to know what to do. But, the one thing<br />

that everybody agrees on is vegetables are a boon to health.<br />

So, I always start there. Vegetables are a great base from<br />

which to build a healthy diet around. Beyond that, keep a<br />

food diary, and note what you eat, and any changes in your<br />

body. After a week or two a very clear pattern develops.<br />

With this personal experience, take this information to a<br />

healthcare practitioner who can help you interpret and<br />

study the information further.<br />

Read books, look at cookbooks or food websites, and<br />

compile a great collection of staple recipes that are plantbased,<br />

taste delicious, and are easy to prepare. Healthy<br />

living must be fun or it doesn’t stick.<br />

What do you think are the major challenges<br />

people face today regarding access to<br />

healthful foods? And what advice would you<br />

give on how to overcome them?<br />

Perception is a huge barrier to healthy living. When you<br />

have amazing recipes, vegetables can be sexy, mindblowingly<br />

delicious, and really enjoyable. Arm yourself with<br />

the tools to succeed – great recipes, friends and family who<br />

want to prepare healthy food with you, and set goals and be<br />

accountable to making positive lifestyle changes. Join<br />

groups to meet other people with similar interests and goals<br />

so you’re not in it alone.<br />

Getting extreme – going cold turkey off of your<br />

favourite foods or coming at things from a place of<br />

deprivation is never any fun. Be gentle with yourself<br />

while you make changes. Small consistent shifts with<br />

encouragement and love is the best strategy for lasting<br />

results.<br />

Finances – fresh foods can be expensive. So, if<br />

budget is holding you back, head up to your local<br />

farmers’ market towards closing time, and see what<br />

boxes of produce they’re giving away at a huge<br />

discount. Join a CSA or community garden, and start<br />

growing your own food. You can grow many vegetables<br />

and herbs in small pots on a balcony or small backyard.<br />

What’s one of your favourite recipes from<br />

your latest book?<br />

There are so many delicious recipes. But the shiitake<br />

and asparagus lettuce cups with lime drench on page<br />

126 hold a special place in my heart because they’re<br />

super easy, take less than 30 minutes to throw<br />

together, and are low in carbs. We’ve been enjoying<br />

these for many years and they’re always a huge hit. I<br />

served them at my launch party for The Blender Girl<br />

Smoothies and woke up the next morning after the<br />

party with over 100 texts, calls, and emails begging me<br />

for the recipe. I knew I had a winner.<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 27<br />


shiitake & asparagus lettuce cups with<br />

lime drench<br />



lime drench<br />

¼ cup (60ml) fresh lime juice<br />

3 tablespoons brown rice vinegar<br />

1 tablespoon mirin<br />

1 tablespoon Bragg Liquid Aminos, gluten-free soy sauce, or tamari<br />

1 teaspoon minced garlic (about 1 clove)<br />

1 teaspoon minced fresh ginger<br />

1½ teaspoons coconut sugar or other sweetener<br />

filling<br />

2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil<br />

1 tablespoon minced garlic (about 3 cloves)<br />

1 small green chile, ribbed, seeded, and finely chopped<br />

1 tablespoon minced fresh ginger<br />

1 cup (72g) finely chopped green onion (white and green parts)<br />

6 cups (312g) finely diced shiitake or cremini mushrooms<br />

1 cup (110g) finely diced zucchini (1⁄2 medium zucchini)<br />

1 cup (140g) finely diced asparagus (about 5 medium spears)<br />

¼ cup (60ml) toasted sesame oil<br />

3 tablespoons Bragg Liquid Aminos, gluten-free soy sauce, or tamari<br />

1⁄2 cup (14g) loosely packed finely chopped cilantro<br />

16 large butter, Bibb, or romaine lettuce leaves (outer leaves of about 4 heads)<br />

optional boosters<br />

Pinch of red pepper flakes<br />

½ cup (70g) raw or dry-toasted pine nuts<br />

2 tablespoons gomasio (ground sesame seeds and sea salt) or sesame seeds<br />

To make the lime drench, throw all of the ingredients, including the red pepper flake booster, into your blender and<br />

blast on high for about 30 seconds until well combined. Transfer to a container and set aside.<br />

To make the filling, in a large saucepan, heat the olive oil over medium heat and sauté the garlic, green chile, ginger,<br />

green onion, mushrooms, zucchini, and asparagus for 3 to 5 minutes, until the mixture has reduced to about half the<br />

volume; gradually add the sesame oil and liquid aminos as the mixture cools. Don’t overcook or the vegetables will get<br />

mushy. Stir in the cilantro and the pine nut booster.<br />

To assemble, scoop ¼ cup (50g) of the filling into each lettuce leaf, drizzle with 1 teaspoon of the lime drench, and<br />

sprinkle with the gomasio booster. Serve immediately, passing the remaining lime drench at the table. These are<br />

fabulous cold, too. Chill the filling and the dressing before assembling.<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 28

nutritional facts (per serving, based on 16 servings)<br />

calories 65 kcal | fat 5.3 g | saturated fat 0.7 g | sodium 224.4 mg |<br />

carbs 3.9 g | fiber 1.1 g | sugars 1.5 g | protein 1.4 g | calcium 16.1 mg |<br />

iron 0.6 mg<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 29

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 30

avocado avenger<br />


chimichurri<br />

¾ cup (180ml) extra-virgin olive oil<br />

1½ tablespoons finely grated lime zest<br />

2 tablespoons fresh lime juice<br />

2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice<br />

1½ tablespoons minced garlic (about 4 cloves)<br />

1 teaspoon natural salt<br />

¼ teaspoon red pepper flakes, plus more to taste<br />

¾ cup (30g) firmly packed mint leaves, plus more to garnish<br />

¾ cup (30g) firmly packed cilantro leaves, plus more to garnish<br />

½ cup (24g) firmly packed finely chopped chives, plus more to garnish<br />

4 avocados, halved, pitted, and peeled<br />

¼ cup (35g) peeled and finely diced English cucumber<br />

¼ cup (35g) seeded and finely diced tomatoes<br />

optional boosters<br />

½ cup (55g) shaved zucchini ribbons (½ small zucchini)<br />

¼ cup (70g) seeded and finely diced watermelon, plus more to taste<br />

¼ cup (35g) raw sprouted watermelon seeds<br />

To make the chimichurri, throw the olive oil, lime zest, lime juice, lemon juice, garlic, salt, and red pepper flakes into<br />

your blender and blast on high for 10 to 20 seconds, until the sauce is emulsified and the zest, garlic, and pepper flakes<br />

have been completely pulverized. Add the mint, cilantro, and chives, and pulse on high for a few seconds, then on low<br />

for a few seconds just to break down the herbs, but keeping the dressing very loose and not completely blended.<br />

On a large platter, lay out the zucchini ribbon booster. Then place the avocado halves cut sides up on top of the<br />

zucchini, like boats. Drizzle 1 tablespoon of the chimichurri into each pit hole. Next, place 1 teaspoon diced tomato and<br />

1 teaspoon diced cucumber into each pit hole or on top of each avocado. Place 1 teaspoon of the watermelon booster on<br />

top. With a squeeze bottle or a spoon, drizzle more chimichurri sauce onto the avocados. Top with a sprinkle of mint,<br />

cilantro, chives, and the watermelon seed booster. Sprinkle with the remaining tomato and cucumber and with the<br />

remaining (or more) watermelon booster if desired. Enjoy immediately.<br />

nutritional facts (per serving, based on 8 servings)<br />

calories 350 kcal | fat 35 g | saturated fat 5 g | sodium 301.5 mg | carbs 13.9 g | fiber 7.4<br />

g | sugars 1.2 g | protein 2.5 g | calcium 30.3 mg | iron 1 mg<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 31

french toast with caramelised bananas<br />

SERVES 4<br />

french toast<br />

1 cup (240ml) unsweetened almond or macadamia milk (strained if homemade)<br />

1 ripe medium banana<br />

2 tablespoons pure maple syrup, plus more to serve<br />

1 teaspoon natural vanilla extract<br />

1 tablespoon white (or black) chia seeds<br />

1 teaspoon ground cinnamon<br />

1⁄4 teaspoon natural salt<br />

8 slices gluten-free sandwich bread<br />

1⁄4 cup (60ml) coconut oil (in liquid form), plus more as needed<br />

caramelised bananas<br />

2 medium bananas, thickly sliced on the diagonal<br />

1⁄4 cup (37g) coconut sugar<br />

1 to 2 tablespoons coconut oil (in liquid form)<br />

Pure maple syrup, to serve<br />

optional boosters<br />

1⁄4 cup (60ml) bourbon or rum<br />

2 tablespoons crushed raw pecans or walnuts<br />

1 tablespoon unsweetened dried shredded coconut<br />

Set the oven to its lowest temperature or the “warm” setting.<br />

To make the French toast, pour the milk, banana, maple syrup, vanilla, chia seeds, cinnamon, and salt into your<br />

blender and blast on high for about 30 seconds, until well combined. Pour the mixture into a large shallow baking dish<br />

and let rest for about 5 minutes to thicken slightly. In batches, place slices of the bread in the baking dish and let soak<br />

on one side for 8 to 10 seconds. Flip the slices and let soak for another 8 to 10 seconds, until evenly moistened.<br />

In a medium skillet (that fits two slices of bread) or on a large griddle (that holds all of the slices) over medium heat,<br />

warm 1 to 2 tablespoons of coconut oil per two slices of bread. (Resist the urge to use less coconut oil, or the bread<br />

won’t get crispy.) Add the bread and fry for 4 to 6 minutes on each side, until golden brown and crispy on the edges;<br />

you may need to add more coconut oil after you flip the bread. If cooking in batches, transfer the French toast to a<br />

lined baking sheet and place in the oven to keep warm, and repeat to fry the remaining bread, adding more coconut oil<br />

to cook each batch.<br />

While the last pieces of toast are cooking, make the caramelized bananas. Combine the banana slices and the coconut<br />

sugar in a zipper-lock bag, seal, and shake to coat evenly. In a skillet over medium-high heat, warm the coconut oil,<br />

add the coated bananas and the bourbon booster, and fry for about 2 minutes on each side until nicely caramelised.<br />

Serve two slices of French toast on each plate, topped with one-quarter of the caramelized bananas, one-quarter of the<br />

crushed nut boosters, and one-quarter of the coconut booster. Pass maple syrup at the table.<br />

CREDIT: All recipes in this article reprinted with permission from The Perfect Blend, copyright 2016 Tess Masters.<br />

Published by Ten Speed Press, an imprint of Penguin Random House LLC.<br />

Photography copyright 2016 by Anson Smart.<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 32

nutritional facts (per serving)<br />

calories 476 kcal | fat 26.4 g | saturated fat 16.4 g | sodium 414.3 mg |<br />

carbs 60.5 g |fiber 6.1 g | sugars 29.4 g | protein 6.5 g | calcium 78.6 mg |<br />

iron 1 mg<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 33

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 34

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 35

IS<br />

Compassion<br />

By Stacey Cook<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 36

Each choice along this path<br />

is made with mindfulness and<br />

deep consideration for<br />

ourselves, for others and<br />

for all animals.<br />

C<br />

ompassion. It’s likely the most important trait we<br />

can develop, nurture and pass on. The ability to<br />

feel another’s suffering and deeply wish to end<br />

that suffering has profound power individually<br />

and world-changing potential collectively.<br />

In a world dominated by a “me” culture, this emotion<br />

stands out as a game changer. Often, it’s the catalyst to<br />

great change through its creation of thoughtfulness,<br />

kindness and right action. A life lived with compassion as<br />

the focal point is the most efficient way to creating our best<br />

selves and our best world. It is the simplest strategy to<br />

living out Mahatma Gandhi’s famous quote, “Be the change<br />

that you wish to see in the world”.<br />

And like Gandhi, compassion doesn’t discriminate.<br />

Therefore, understanding another’s suffering is not<br />

dependent upon their species. All sentient beings suffer, and<br />

more importantly, all desire not to. Showing compassion to<br />

those similar to ourselves is helpful (some would even say<br />

easier), but showering it to the world and to all who<br />

experience pain is a necessity if we want to create a kinder,<br />

more peaceful place to live.<br />

It’s a fact that animals feel no less pain than we do.<br />

Making any distinction or drawing lines between us/them,<br />

defeats any real progress on this front. With that in mind,<br />

choosing a vegan lifestyle becomes the definition of living a<br />

compassionate life.<br />

Each choice along this path is made with mindfulness<br />

and deep consideration for ourselves, for others and for all<br />

animals. It takes a very caring individual to devote their<br />

time, sacrifice their convenience, and endure living on the<br />

outskirts of today’s society - all to ease the suffering of<br />

others.<br />

Compassion for Ourselves<br />

We are told that you must love yourself before you<br />

can fully love another. The same argument could be<br />

made for compassion. How can we begin to<br />

understand another’s anguish and ultimately desire<br />

to help them, if we haven’t attempted to lessen our<br />

own?<br />

Many of the worst types of physical suffering are<br />

attributed to the consumption of animal products.<br />

The American Cancer Society confirmed this when it<br />

concluded that red and processed meats are<br />

carcinogenic. And science consistently proves that<br />

cooking beef, pork, fish and poultry at high<br />

temperatures, whether over a stove or a grill,<br />

increases cancer risk.<br />

Add this information to what we already know<br />

about antibiotics and hormones in animal products<br />

and it’s a no brainer - giving up meat and dairy is in<br />

our own best interest. It takes a pro-active mindset<br />

to prevent chronic illness and disease. Making the<br />

effort to greatly lower your chances of extreme<br />

suffering from heart disease, stroke, cancer, and more<br />

is a tremendous act of self-compassion.<br />

Compassion for Others<br />

The health benefits of being vegan don’t end with us.<br />

They are plentiful, far-reaching and we can lavish<br />

them on the world with our commitment to abstain<br />

from animal products.<br />

Raising animals for food is destroying not only our<br />

health but our planet’s as well. Factory farming is<br />

one of the largest contributors to climate change,<br />

land degradation, water pollution and more. Plus,<br />

the amount of grain used to feed the animals we are<br />

raising for meat/dairy is enough to feed our world’s<br />

hungry. Take that in for a moment… We could<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 37<br />


Compassion becomes a practice that<br />

expands its reach and becomes allencompassing<br />

with time and attention.<br />

possibly stop world hunger by refusing to consume<br />

animals.<br />

Each time a decision is made (whether mindfully or<br />

not) to consume or refrain from animal products, it has<br />

an impact on every life on earth. Multiple choices are<br />

presented to us each day to have a positive or negative<br />

impact on our family members, friends, neighbours<br />

near/far and for all future generations.<br />

Taking a stand, going against the grain, doing what is<br />

simply “right” and going or staying vegan is an act of<br />

compassion for others … for the world.<br />

Compassion for Animals<br />

Working towards ending the world’s suffering is an<br />

excellent end goal, but why not start with not causing it<br />

in the first place?<br />

Eating animal products is the most direct cause of<br />

animal suffering. What’s worse, is that eating animals is<br />

not mandatory or even necessary. We’ve been<br />

conditioned to think it is, but a balanced vegan diet<br />

provides all the vitamins, minerals and protein we need.<br />

Plant sources are available to supply vitamin D, B12 and<br />

Omega 3, the three most often cited as “lacking” from a<br />

cruelty-free diet.<br />

Even if you truly like the taste of meat, the new meat<br />

alternatives are surprisingly close to the real thing and<br />

can be eaten with a clear conscience.<br />

Same for apparel. Determining between wants and<br />

needs here is imperative. The truth is we don’t “need” to<br />

consume animals in any form. Once this realisation is<br />

made, it becomes clear how to stop suffering before it<br />

begins. Going vegan severs the direct cause/effect link<br />

between the person with buying power and the<br />

defenseless animals who suffer for it.<br />

If you factor compassion into your buying decisions,<br />

the choice is easy. And choice is the key word. The path<br />

to a more humane world boils down to each choice<br />

culminating in change.<br />

Current vegans are leading by example to push this<br />

idea forward. Leading with compassion for those simply<br />

interested, or trying it out, will open far more doors<br />

than a strict all-or-nothing approach. <strong>Vegan</strong>ism is<br />

typically a process. There are of course exceptions, but<br />

my experience has been that most give up one animal<br />

product at a time. Each achievement along the way is<br />

important in creating lasting change. And each<br />

compassionate act, no matter how small, deserves to be<br />

celebrated and encouraged with equal amounts of<br />

compassion.<br />

To quote Gandhi again, “Compassion is a muscle that<br />

gets stronger with use.” Every meal, purchase, and<br />

interaction is as an opportunity to flex this muscle and<br />

strengthen it. Compassion becomes a practice that<br />

expands its reach and becomes all-encompassing with<br />

time and attention.<br />

This truth is evident because veganism is on the rise.<br />

More and more people are adopting the lifestyle and the<br />

affect really is benefitting humans, animals and the<br />

environment. More and more of us are considering and<br />

subscribing to a future filled with more compassion for<br />

all. And by simply and openly living our lives in this<br />

way, we bring more normalcy to the lifestyle, open more<br />

doors for discussion on the topic and create smoother<br />

transitions for others. In truth, veganism is compassion<br />

and a definite path to a kinder world. BV<br />

Stacey Cook is a freelance<br />

writer that combines her<br />

education, work and<br />

volunteer experiences to<br />

raise awareness around<br />

causes she’s passionate<br />

about. Follow her work at<br />

https://stacey-cook.com/<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 38

“When you can cater to yourself, you start to<br />

be better equipped to cater to other people<br />

without feeling so overwhelmed.”<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 40

Jez Kaur<br />

Hipster<br />

Veggie<br />

Jez Haur is a vegan YouTuber bringing to<br />

light the importance of compassion for<br />

self and empowering your health with<br />

organic, plant-based foods. Having grown<br />

up in London, embracing her Punjabi<br />

heritage has helped Jez radically<br />

transform her outlook on life. We caught<br />

up with her to find out more…<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 41

Tell us about yourself and how you<br />

came to be vegan…<br />

I think the first thing that made me switch my diet was<br />

when I was about 18. I was on holiday for a week with<br />

my friends. It was a week of very unhealthy living and I<br />

came back and my brother was in hospital and no one<br />

had told me. It turned out that he had diabetes and my<br />

father has always said that he was the healthy one in the<br />

family. He always went to the gym; he followed the<br />

men's health lifestyle of a high protein-low carb diet,<br />

something that we believed to be very healthy back<br />

then. And he's only five years older than me, so he must<br />

have been about 24 when he got diabetes. Some of my<br />

other family members had high cholesterol and cancer.<br />

Cancer was just popping up everywhere around me.<br />

I went vegetarian and then I went vegan. I began<br />

talking to my parents about how they used to live. I<br />

started to read about how our lifestyle has changed so<br />

much from how it was even in my parents’ generation<br />

and that this can be a factor in the high cancer rate. I<br />

realised that our body and health is affected hugely by<br />

what we eat. We can have a generic predisposition to<br />

being obese, having heart disease or cancer, but if we<br />

adjust our lifestyle we can limit those genes from<br />

expressing themselves. It's about taking our health back<br />

into our own hands.<br />

How would you define self-care? And<br />

how does that show up in a practical<br />

way in your everyday life?<br />

Self-love is being selfish in a sense, but being selfish has<br />

a really negative connotation in society today. But we<br />

need to get rid of that because being selfish can be a first<br />

step to being self-less. When you can cater to yourself,<br />

you start to be able to be better equipped to cater to<br />

other people without feeling so overwhelmed because<br />

now you are running on full fuel. How this looks in my<br />

everyday life is apparent in what I choose to eat.<br />

Obviously I go out. I don't stop my social life from<br />

existing, because that is also a part of self-love. I have<br />

friends, I have a social life but on a day-to-day basis I<br />

only consume organic food. I only buy from local shops<br />

when I can and that is how I see me loving myself. I<br />

want to consume certain foods because I see my body<br />

and my health as being very important. It deserves the<br />

best food that I can provide.<br />

You’ve mentioned before that<br />

vegetarianism is quite common place<br />

in many Indian communities, but a<br />

lot of Indian families that come over<br />

to the UK or to other Western<br />

countries leave their previous<br />

lifestyle behind and it begins to<br />

become detrimental to their health.<br />

So from your perspective, what are<br />

some of the biggest health challenges<br />

that are facing your community?<br />

In terms of disease, cancer, heart disease and diabetes<br />

are the top three threats to my community. It's so<br />

common amongst us and I think it’s one of the risks of<br />

being an immigrant. You literally leave everything that ><br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 42

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 43

you know behind and you have to change the way that you<br />

behave once you come to this new soil. Nothing is familiar<br />

to you so you try to change your lifestyle. You no longer eat<br />

those organic fresh fruits and vegetables. You're eating<br />

these convenience foods and they're using ingredients<br />

totally alien to you and your ancestors. I think those are<br />

the things that really affect the South Asian community.<br />

Heart disease is something that comes along, obviously<br />

because of food, but also because of stress levels. Being an<br />

immigrant is a very, very stressful thing in itself. I think all<br />

of that combined - changing the food, changing the<br />

environment - really takes its toll on the body. I can't even<br />

imagine being a first generation immigrant, it must be<br />

really difficult.<br />

You learned Punjabi to connect and<br />

learn from your grandparents and they<br />

have really encouraged you to embrace<br />

a simple lifestyle. What are some of the<br />

most important lessons that you've<br />

learned from them?<br />

My granddad’s literally the coolest guy on the planet. He’s<br />

got a huge beard and he's a Sikh, so he carries around a<br />

sword with him all the time. How can you not be a cool<br />

guy looking like that, right? He's awesome. There are a few<br />

things I've learned, but the first one would be the<br />

importance of growing organic fruit and vegetables<br />

yourself. He has his own garden and it's not a big<br />

garden, just a couple of metres, but he's got so<br />

much. He’s got his garlic, his kale, his spinach, his<br />

beetroot, his carrots. And he's grown so much in<br />

abundance. And he stresses so much that we don't need<br />

to add chemicals to our produce because it's from<br />

Mother Earth. From God. We don't need to tamper with<br />

it because it's perfect the way it is. He's a firm believer<br />

that there is a Creator and we are the created. We<br />

should be looking after ourselves with that kind of<br />

respect.<br />

They also taught me how to embrace being<br />

Punjabi and that we have come from a small village. I<br />

used to think it was the most un-cool thing in the world<br />

when I was younger. I remember one of my earliest<br />

thoughts was I wished that I was white because of where<br />

I grew up. I look at that now and I see that was so<br />

messed up. Having dialogue with my grandparents<br />

makes me realise that being who I am is really cool and<br />

there's so much to learn about from the ways back<br />

home.<br />

At the Vevolution Festival that was<br />

held in London in November last<br />

year, you were on a discussion panel -<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 44

and one of the questions that came up was,<br />

"How can we ensure the vegan movement is<br />

more inclusive?” Can you recap on your<br />

thoughts on this for any readers that<br />

weren't present?<br />

That was a great question because it's one thing identifying a<br />

problem, but we also need to come up with a solution. I think one<br />

of the biggest things we can do is be open with our dialogue so<br />

that we aren’t just speaking to vegans or those that follow a plantbased<br />

diet. We should encourage people who eat meat, people<br />

who don't love themselves, people who don't love animals and talk<br />

openly with all of them about why they should give veganism a go<br />

without making them feel intimidated about it or that they are<br />

going to be labelled.<br />

We need to realise that there's a massive world out there. As<br />

vegans, we're still the minority and we need to engage with people<br />

who are the majority. You’re never going to agree 100% with<br />

anyone on this planet, so if you can find some common ground<br />

cling to that. Everyone's different and we need to identify our<br />

similarities and fight the good fight together.<br />

What's next for you? Have you got any<br />

projects for Hipster Veggie on the horizon?<br />

I'm currently studying to be a health coach, so that will be a<br />

service I’ll have up and running pretty soon. I’ll be working in the<br />

community to help people move towards a plant-based diet,<br />

looking at any nutritional deficiencies they might have and<br />

helping them with food shopping, etc. There are a lot of other<br />

things that I’ve also got in the pipeline for the New Year but I<br />

won’t say too much about them just yet! BV<br />

For more information on Jez’s<br />

work visit her website. You can<br />

also connect with her via<br />

YouTube, Facebook, Instagram<br />

and Twitter.

Jennifer Blough is a professional counsellor,<br />

certified compassion fatigue therapist, and certified<br />

pet loss grief specialist. She owns a private<br />

practice in southeast Michigan called Deepwater<br />

Counselling and has recently published a book about<br />

coping with compassion fatigue.<br />

Tell us about yourself…<br />

I have been involved in animal welfare/rights in some capacity since I<br />

was a child. I became vegetarian at a very young age and attended my<br />

first protest with my grandma (also a vegetarian) when I was about 12.<br />

My grandma was very involved in the animal rights movement and I<br />

followed in her footsteps, including eventually going vegan. I also<br />

have a professional background in animal welfare, including work at<br />

shelters and as an animal control officer. I ended up becoming a<br />

therapist after a personal tragedy. My special-needs parrot and<br />

feathered soul mate, Albert, died suddenly in 2011, which turned my<br />

world upside down. As I worked through my grief, I realised that<br />

resources for people struggling with companion animal loss were<br />

scarce, and so I wanted to become that resource.<br />

What is compassion fatigue?<br />

Compassion fatigue is the emotional, physical, and mental exhaustion<br />

that occurs when caring for animals or people who are suffering or<br />

have been traumatised. It’s not a mental disorder nor an illness; it’s<br />

simply a normal consequence of caring so much that it hurts. All<br />

caregivers and helping professionals – from nurses to police officers to<br />

veterinarians – are vulnerable to compassion fatigue.

“Compassion fatigue<br />

is the emotional,<br />

physical, and mental<br />

exhaustion that<br />

occurs when caring<br />

What inspired you to want to specialise in<br />

this particular area?<br />

It wasn’t until I went back to grad school to study<br />

psychology that I learned about compassion fatigue. It<br />

was emphasised in my program because therapists can<br />

easily develop it when working with traumatised clients.<br />

As I learned more about it, I thought, ‘so this is what I’ve<br />

been struggling with all these years… it actually has a<br />

name!’ In addition to pet loss grief, I wanted to specialise<br />

in compassion fatigue, particularly among animal welfare<br />

professionals and animal rights activists because these<br />

populations are underserved, misunderstood, and so<br />

saturated with pain and grief. Their pain and grief is<br />

often not recognised or accepted by mainstream society.<br />

By that I mean there are a lot of misconceptions out there<br />

that this community is either a bunch of “animal nuts<br />

who care more about animals than people” or they go to<br />

work and play with puppies and kittens all day. Nothing<br />

could be further from the truth. Whether you are<br />

exposed to videos of factory farming or you work with<br />

animals that have been abused, our community faces an<br />

extraordinary amount of trauma and grief.<br />

Why is compassion fatigue a problem?<br />

Compassion fatigue is a huge problem within the animal<br />

welfare and rights community. It affects those of us who<br />

care the most, and so we run the risk of those people<br />

burning out and leaving the field altogether. Untreated<br />

compassion fatigue can lead to serious problems such as<br />

clinical depression, substance abuse, and even suicide.<br />

Veterinarians and animal control officers have alarmingly<br />

high rates of suicide. Compassion fatigue not only takes a<br />

toll on us personally, but also affects our relationships<br />

with others and spills over into our work. Employers<br />

should take compassion fatigue very seriously as it affects<br />

for animals or people<br />

who are suffering or<br />

staff and volunteer morale, work productivity, and<br />

retention.<br />

What are some of the warning signs that<br />

you’re suffering from it?<br />

Compassion fatigue can look different for everyone.<br />

For me personally, sometimes it sits quietly simmering<br />

on the back burner and other times it boils over. It’s<br />

really important to know your own warning signs so<br />

that you can take steps to manage it. Some of those<br />

warning signs or symptoms include sadness, anger,<br />

anxiety, sleep problems, appetite disturbance,<br />

nightmares or flashbacks, low energy, lack of<br />

motivation, grief, wanting to withdraw from others or<br />

isolate yourself, guilt, feeling empty or numb, work<br />

problems, relationship conflicts, low self-esteem, poor<br />

concentration, bodily complaints such as tight muscles<br />

or headaches, developing a bad attitude or negative<br />

worldview, unhealthy coping skills such as alcohol<br />

abuse, and suicidal thoughts.<br />

In your experience, how common is it for<br />

those working with animals and humans<br />

to suffer from it?<br />

have been<br />

traumatised”.<br />

Not only is compassion fatigue common, but it’s also<br />

normal. You can’t be exposed to that much suffering<br />

and not be affected. It’s not like you either have ><br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 47

compassion fatigue or you don’t – it’s more like to what<br />

degree do you have it. If left untreated, it can become<br />

severe enough to the point of burnout. If well managed,<br />

you can remain energised and experience more<br />

compassion satisfaction than fatigue.<br />

Your new book - To Save a Starfish: A<br />

Compassion Fatigue Workbook for the<br />

Animal Welfare Warrior - offers a holistic<br />

approach to dealing with compassion<br />

fatigue. Why is this important?<br />

I have a very holistic approach to treating my clients, and<br />

I wanted this book to reflect that. We hold trauma, grief,<br />

and stress in our bodies – not just our brains. I believe<br />

very strongly in the mind-body connection. And so I<br />

wanted to offer a variety of practical stress management<br />

techniques and self-care skills that people could<br />

incorporate into their daily lives. I don’t believe that<br />

healing comes in a one-size-fits-all approach, and so my<br />

hope is that readers will try the recommendations and<br />

discover what works best for them.<br />

What will readers gain from the book?<br />

The very first thing that I hope readers will gain from the<br />

book is validation. Assurance that you are not alone, that<br />

what you are going through has a name and is normal.<br />

You’re not weak; you’re not flawed. There is no<br />

compassion fatigue without compassion, so chances are<br />

you probably care a great deal. But that comes with a<br />

price, and so we have to learn to manage the symptoms<br />

that can arise from caring so much. We have to take care<br />

of ourselves in order to take care of others. This book<br />

offers helpful tools to manage the many symptoms of<br />

compassion fatigue, including relaxation techniques,<br />

nutrition advice, self-care skills, sleep hygiene,<br />

challenging unhelpful thinking styles, using physical<br />

activity and creativity to combat compassion fatigue, and<br />

much more. Because it’s written in a workbook format,<br />

readers have the opportunity to reflect on their own<br />

struggles and experiences. BV<br />

For more information, visit<br />

Jennifer’s website at<br />

www.deepwatermichigan.com to<br />

learn more and to join her email list<br />

for regular advice on compassion<br />

fatigue, as well as upcoming events<br />

and announcements. Be sure to also<br />

look for The Compassion Fatigue<br />

Podcast, which is scheduled to be<br />

released this month – <strong>Jan</strong>uary <strong>2017</strong>!<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 48

By Valerie McGowan

A professed believer who maintains religious<br />

opinions contrary to those<br />

accepted by his or her church or rejects doctrines<br />

prescribed by that church.<br />

I<br />

am a heretic. Not something I ever thought I would<br />

be accused of during my Christian life. I mean I’ve<br />

always felt like I was a bit too liberal for my Christian<br />

community, yet too conservative for the liberals in<br />

my world. More than once I’ve stated in a mostly joking<br />

way that if I expressed all my beliefs and convictions I’d<br />

annoy just about everyone.<br />

A few years ago, I lost a friend for no other reason than<br />

the fact we didn’t see eye to eye on some issues. She was a<br />

fellow Christian who had an uncommon compassion for<br />

animals since her childhood. That was what we initially<br />

bonded over. I say uncommon, because she was the first<br />

Christian that I’d come across that seemed to share my<br />

passion for animal rights. She was not vegan, but<br />

described herself as ‘mostly vegetarian’.<br />

After we first connected through a Christian vegan<br />

website, it didn’t take long to share with each other our<br />

histories, beliefs and perspectives on life. When we finally<br />

met in person, a couple of months later, that rapport<br />

simply transferred over and much of our time spent<br />

together was shopping, discussing history (which we both<br />

loved and she was extremely knowledgeable of) and<br />

laughing.<br />

Yes, laughing. We shared a sarcastic, obnoxious sense<br />

of humor. And even though she was nearly 20 years older<br />

than me, there was never a dull moment.<br />

The small thorn in the side of all this friendship bliss<br />

was our respective political beliefs. I was the liberal<br />

conservative or conservative liberal, depending on how<br />

you want to look at it. She, politically conservative, yet a<br />

self-described bleeding heart when it came to her love of<br />

animals.<br />

For the first few months of our friendship, we<br />

continued to challenge each other with our opposing<br />

views. I found this to be intellectually stimulating, as I<br />

appreciate hearing from different perspectives. But over<br />

time, it became clear that the philosophical differences<br />

between the two of us became more of a strain on our<br />

interaction.<br />

This wasn’t because we didn’t care for each other. I<br />

was happy to continue our friendship as it was. Only, she<br />

wasn’t. After all those months, she was unable to sway<br />

me in to her political/spiritual camp. It had become a<br />

source of frustration for both of us.<br />

To justify ending our friendship, she appealed to the<br />

Bible verse in the book of Amos, Chapter 3, Verse 3(Old<br />

Testament), which states: “Can two walk together except<br />

they be agreed”? The idea that we must have total<br />

agreement on every issue to have positive relationships<br />

baffled me. But, I guess being the liberal, heretical<br />

Christian was just too much.<br />

More recently, I received the honour of being<br />

formally pronounced a heretic. This interaction took<br />

place on social media with a man who came to the<br />

Facebook page for my blog, just to argue with me about<br />

veganism. His condescending and paternalistic tone<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 51

leapt from the screen. Calling me ‘dear’ and such. I must<br />

admit, I found it a bit amusing.<br />

The Bible-thumping was on full blast as he<br />

continuously posted long passages of scripture on my<br />

page to prove that I was in deep sin for refusing to eat<br />

animals. I refused to fight with him, but kept<br />

respectfully firm in my responses. He questioned the<br />

legitimately of my faith in Christ, accusing me of twisting<br />

the scriptures to bend to my vegan beliefs.<br />

I replied that just because something is commanded<br />

or condoned in scripture at the time it was written,<br />

doesn’t necessarily mean it’s binding for all people for all<br />

time. I asked him if he ate bugs, since it’s recorded that<br />

God through Moses gave the Hebrews permission to eat<br />

certain ones. I reminded him that in the New Testament<br />

there are passages where women are told to keep silent<br />

and cover their heads. Although I’m sure by this time he<br />

was wishing I would just shut up and submit to his<br />

‘teaching’ like a good, submissive Christian woman.<br />

When I referenced the importance of considering<br />

context in biblical interpretation, that’s when I suspect<br />

his head exploded, because he was having none of<br />

it! There was no context as far as he was concerned<br />

and apparently, no way to misinterpret the many<br />

verses he shared on my page.<br />

Then pronouncement was made. Heretic. And<br />

not only that, but condemned by my own words<br />

and “clearly not a Christian.” As I mentioned earlier,<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 52<br />

I found this whole interaction somewhat amusing. But, at<br />

the same time I could not shake the eerie realisation that<br />

had this been four or five hundred years ago, and the<br />

conflict was over me being a woman preacher on the<br />

wrong side of European religious history, my Facebook<br />

bible teacher would’ve happily seen me tortured and<br />

burnt at the stake, all the while believing he had done<br />

God a great service.<br />

So, while I was initially taken aback by the accusations<br />

and questioning of my faith, I feel no regret or doubt over<br />

my choice to live as compassionately as I can and causing<br />

as little harm as possible towards all of God’s creation.<br />

One way I live that out is by being vegan. If that makes<br />

me a heretic, then so be it. BV<br />

You can read<br />

more of<br />

Valerie’s<br />

writing at<br />

her website<br />

and connect with her<br />

via Facebook.

FAITH<br />

and compassion<br />

By Craig Wescoe<br />

T<br />

o some this may come as a surprise, but not all<br />

vegans deny the existence of God and not all<br />

Christians believe animals are here for us to kill<br />

and eat. In fact, more and more people today are<br />

identifying as both Christian and vegan. There are hundreds<br />

of passages in the Bible that support the idea that living a<br />

vegan lifestyle is consistent with living a life that glorifies<br />

God – and there are thousands of vegan Christians in the<br />

world today proving it!<br />

Christians living a compassionate plant-based lifestyle are<br />

not confined to one type of church either. They can be found<br />

kneeling at Catholic Mass, taking the Orthodox Eucharist,<br />

praising in a Baptist worship hall, celebrating the Sabbath in<br />

a Seventh Day Adventist pew, evangelising on the street<br />

corner, or even giving a sermon in front of their own<br />

Lutheran, Presbyterian, or Methodist congregation. They can<br />

be found anywhere, though they are often the only vegan in<br />

their church – at least in the beginning.<br />

If you ask a Christian vegan for the basis of their beliefs,<br />

they’ll likely have a Bible full of highlighted passages ready to<br />

show you in detail, but the two focal points that tend to<br />

come up the most are from Genesis and from the gospels.<br />

Genesis depicts the world’s original state of perfection and<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 54<br />

its subsequent decline while Jesus represents a return<br />

to that original state of perfection.<br />

The Bible opens with God creating a perfect world<br />

in which animals and humans live together in<br />

harmony, eating all the colorful fruits and vegetation<br />

of the earth (Genesis 1-2). It wasn’t until after the fall<br />

of man that this harmony was broken and humans<br />

deviated from God’s plan and began killing animals<br />

and seeing them as food. Humans were said to be<br />

created in God’s image. Restoring humanity to that<br />

holy image involves no longer deviating from God’s<br />

will and plan for the earth, which means going back to<br />

eating fruits and vegetation and living in harmony<br />

with all of God’s creatures.<br />

In the gospels, Jesus taught that the two primary<br />

commandments are to love God wholeheartedly and to<br />

love your neighbour as yourself (Mark 12). <strong>Vegan</strong><br />

Christians extend this love to all of God’s creatures<br />

that inhabit the world around us – not just to our<br />

human neighbours that live next door. Jesus warned<br />

never to seek to justify acts of cruelty (Matthew 23)<br />

and instead to always go the extra mile when it comes<br />

to matters of love (Matthew 5). We have authority<br />


Humans were said to<br />

be created in God’s<br />

image. Restoring<br />

humanity to that<br />

holy image involves<br />

no longer deviating<br />

from God’s will and<br />

plan for the earth, which means going<br />

back to eating fruits and vegetation<br />

and living in harmony with all of<br />

God’s creatures.<br />

over the animals just as Jesus has authority over the<br />

church. Jesus lovingly watches over his flock and would<br />

never harm even the least of his sheep. The idea is that it is<br />

good for ambassadors of Christ to likewise follow his<br />

example of compassionate leadership in how we treat the<br />

animals we’ve been entrusted with. It’s a rather simple idea<br />

really.<br />

Given that vegans exist in all types of churches, there is<br />

no universal set of creeds agreed upon or unanimous<br />

interpretation of the scriptures among Christian vegans.<br />

The one common thread is having a heart for God and a<br />

heart for animals. Given that the message of the New<br />

Testament is one of love and mercy, it should come as no<br />

surprise that more and more Christians are adopting a<br />

compassionate attitude toward animals or that vegans are<br />

finding a new hope in a nearly three thousand year old<br />

promise of a world where the lion and the lamb live<br />

peacefully together alongside us on the earth (Isaiah 11).<br />

If you are Christian but not vegan, you may want to<br />

prayerfully consider extending your love and your mercy to<br />

all of God’s creatures. If you are vegan but not Christian, it<br />

may be wise to keep an open mind about God and about<br />

the Bible. Like the Ethiopian in Acts 8, perhaps you simply<br />

haven’t come across the right person to help you<br />

understand what you are reading. I think we can all at least<br />

agree on one point: the world could use a bit more hope<br />

and compassion right about now.<br />

Craig Wescoe graduated with an M.A. in<br />

philosophy from the University of Toledo in<br />

2007. He taught undergraduate courses in<br />

Logic and Critical Thinking before taking a<br />

job in business in 2010. He is a longtime<br />

animal-loving vegan and servant of God. You<br />

can follow his blog here. He is also a member<br />

of the Christian <strong>Vegan</strong>s, <strong>Vegan</strong> Christian<br />

Community Facebook groups and co-creator<br />

of the New <strong>Vegan</strong> Support Facebook group.<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 56

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 58

Robert Grillo<br />

Farm to Fable<br />

Why do the vast majority of us continue to consume animals when<br />

we could choose otherwise? What are the cultural forces that<br />

drive our food choices? These are the fundamental questions<br />

founder and director of Free from Harm, Robert Grillo sought to<br />

answer in writing his new book – Farm to Fable: The Fictions of<br />

Our Animal-Consuming Culture. We caught up with Robert to discuss<br />

some of his conclusions as to how fictional narratives<br />

orchestrated by the multi-billion dollar marketing campaigns of<br />

the animal agricultural industries keep people from consciously<br />

choosing to live compassionately.<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 59

Tell us a bit about yourself… How did you<br />

become vegan?<br />

I’m a writer, activist and speaker who grew up working in<br />

publishing and advertising where I got a behind-thescenes<br />

perspective on the image building industries and<br />

how they influence the public. I became vegan in 2009<br />

after watching some documentaries, such as Food Inc.<br />

For anyone that doesn’t know about Free<br />

from Harm, can you explain about the<br />

work you do?<br />

We’re a non-profit founded in 2009 and dedicated to farm<br />

animal education and advocacy. Our vision is a world<br />

where non-human animals are no longer exploited and<br />

made to suffer to serve some human end. We live in an age<br />

when this is finally possible and we should celebrate that.<br />

What inspired you to write Farm to Fable?<br />

And what do you hope it will achieve?<br />

Farm to Fable is the culmination of years of exploring the<br />

fictions of animal consumption from the perspective of a<br />

branding and marketing person who has worked on the<br />

inside to see how these fictions are created and how they<br />

function once they’re out there for the public to digest. I<br />

realised early on that even vegans were, to varying degrees,<br />

under the spell of these fictions and some animal groups<br />

even use them in their campaigns. So I felt compelled to<br />

write a book in the hopes that it would bring a much<br />

needed awareness to the vegan community as well as<br />

the public at large. For the general public, my hope is<br />

that the book will prompt them to question what<br />

appears to be “normal” in their everyday lives, to look<br />

more critically at what they see in the grocery stores and<br />

restaurants, what they see on TV and online. I hope that<br />

they might better see how we are being manipulated to<br />

make food choices that ultimately betray our core values<br />

of kindness, reciprocity and decency.<br />

From all the examples of fictional stories<br />

we are told about consuming animal<br />

products that are featured in the book,<br />

which do you feel is the most dangerous<br />

and why?<br />

Consent is the foundation. Consent has us believing that<br />

animals are willing participants in whatever it is we<br />

want to do with them, that they willingly sacrifice<br />

themselves for some greater human purpose. We say<br />

that they give us their eggs, their secretions, their bodies<br />

and even their lives. Of course we know that animals are<br />

not only incapable of giving their consent; they clearly<br />

indicate their resistance to domination and will fight<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 60

“For the general<br />

public, my hope is<br />

that the book will<br />

prompt them to<br />

question what<br />

appears to be<br />

“normal” in their<br />

everyday lives…”<br />

“might-makes-right” worldview. Thanksgiving is an<br />

important example of how these fictions are alive and<br />

well today, sabotaging our judgment to support<br />

unspeakable horrors in the name of tradition and<br />

culture.<br />

like hell to avoid pain and death. Once we believe in consent,<br />

then it’s just a matter of how we treat them. Use is off the<br />

table since it is assumed that they don’t mind being used. This<br />

is why humane-washing has emerged as such a prominent<br />

fictional device today.<br />

You mention how since the beginning of our<br />

recorded history, humans have used<br />

narratives of animals choosing to sacrifice<br />

themselves for the greater good, and how we<br />

have made up elaborate rituals around the<br />

killing of animals for food as a form of<br />

repentance and absolution of guilt. How do<br />

you see this still being a part of people’s<br />

psyches and being played out today?<br />

Whenever some new-age, hipster foodie who captures the<br />

media’s attention waxes spiritual about how we must “give<br />

thanks” or “honour the sacrifice” of the animals we needlessly<br />

exploit and kill for food, we can be sure they are invoking<br />

ancient fictions that are as old as civilisation itself. There’s<br />

absolutely nothing progressive about this “tooth and claw”,<br />

Your book points out the kind of<br />

marketing budgets that the animal<br />

agriculture industry has to target<br />

consumers – annual budgets over a<br />

billion US dollars! What does this<br />

mean for organisations trying to effect<br />

change? How can we compete with<br />

those kinds of resources?<br />

It’s important to realise that aside from advertising, the<br />

entire entertainment, television and film industry, as<br />

well as the mass media where we get our news about<br />

the world, are all disseminating the fictions of animal<br />

consumption. What does it mean for us? Most<br />

fundamentally, it means we must recognise the power<br />

of ideas, beliefs and values in shaping our behaviour<br />

and choices. The fact that corporations spend billions<br />

of dollars on appealing to those beliefs and values is a<br />

testament to just how powerful they are. It means that<br />

just advocating behaviour changes, such as Meatless<br />

Monday, will never even begin to challenge those<br />

beliefs that are necessary for the meaningful change we<br />

want to see. As for how do we compete? The answer is ><br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 61

“Consent has us believing that<br />

animals are willing participants<br />

in whatever it is we want to do<br />

with them, that they willingly<br />

sacrifice themselves for some<br />

greater human purpose.”<br />

we can’t compete. We can never win the struggle for<br />

justice by using the exploiter’s tools of deception. Like any<br />

other social justice movement, our success lies in mass<br />

education and building an organized grassroots<br />

movement. And we should partner with all other like<br />

movements to strengthen our common cause to fight<br />

oppression wherever it rears its ugly head.<br />

As a vegan living in a non-vegan world, it<br />

often feels as if people don’t care about<br />

animals. However, your book points to<br />

research that argues otherwise. Can you<br />

tell us a little more about that and how<br />

that should shape our promotion of<br />

veganism?<br />

In his recent BBC series, “Sex, Death and the Meaning of<br />

Life,” the world’s most famous evolutionary biologist,<br />

Richard Dawkins, tell us that: “Science shows we humans<br />

are hardwired to have empathy. Scientists can now scan<br />

which parts of the brain register vicarious pain or<br />

pleasure.” “Brain science helps us to see why we find it a<br />

bad idea to steal, why we hate to see somebody kicking a<br />

dog. We can trace the chemicals in the brain that reward<br />

kindness. We can see what goes on in the brain when we<br />

feel for others. Goodness is natural to us. Kindness is in<br />

our physiology.”<br />

More specific to vegan advocacy, we find a very high<br />

rate of caring about the suffering of other animals, 80% to<br />

90% in people surveyed, but this doesn’t necessarily or<br />

easily translate into food choices. Nevertheless, if one<br />

really believes that one should “meet people where they<br />

are” then we should first recognise that empathy is there<br />

in most of us yet needs to be cultivated. That’s where we<br />

come in. Even if one insists that humans don’t care about<br />

other animals, this is largely a cultural construct that<br />

should not be used as an excuse to avoid the subject.<br />

Culture is malleable. It’s our job as their advocates to<br />

make the case for why people should care, just as it is the<br />

role of any other justice activist to make a case for their<br />

cause. They too dealt with incredible obstacles and<br />

terrible odds and yet succeeded. We have compelling<br />

stories and compelling evidence for why people should<br />

care.<br />

What is the biggest mistake most vegan/<br />

animal advocacy groups are doing in<br />

trying to change people’s behaviour?<br />

What should they be doing instead?<br />

There are certain high profile figures in our movement<br />

who do their fair share of critiquing the vegan messenger,<br />

telling her what to wear, how to act, what to say and how<br />

to say it for maximum “effectiveness.” At times we seem<br />

more obsessed about what people think about us than ><br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 62

“We must<br />

communicate the<br />

very real and<br />

urgent need for<br />

change, rather<br />

than pretend that<br />

baby steps are<br />

enough.”<br />

carrying out our actual activism. Some of these people<br />

actually sound like a vegan Miss Manners, extolling pop<br />

psychology or self-help tropes which I don’t see advancing<br />

our cause. My work is instead focused on exploring the<br />

culture that perpetuates “non-veganism.”<br />

As for our vegan community, I think it would help us<br />

immensely to develop a platform that conveys more<br />

dignity, confidence and storytelling savvy. I’d like to see<br />

more honesty and conviction about our goals for animal<br />

liberation and the kind of radical activism achieving those<br />

goals will require. I’d like to see a greater reverence for<br />

truth as the most powerful tool we have against the<br />

exploitation industries that are built upon fictions and lies.<br />

This means that animals never become our “bargaining<br />

tools” to broker deals with their exploiters or with the<br />

public. After all, who are we, as their supposed advocates,<br />

to negotiate the use — any use — of their bodies, or to<br />

negotiate the level of their suffering or victimisation? What<br />

other victim advocates would find this even remotely<br />

ethical? I can’t think of any. I’d like to see more of us<br />

abandon the myth that we have the luxury of time to<br />

advocate transition in steps. If we listen to the urgent calls<br />

from leading climate and environmental experts, then we<br />

must honestly face the fact that time is most certainly not<br />

on our side. We must communicate the very real and<br />

urgent need for change, rather than pretend that baby steps<br />

are enough. They aren’t. As Noam Chomsky famously said,<br />

“Just tell the truth.”<br />

As you quite rightfully point out, it can<br />

be quite a popularity contest between<br />

the various animal advocacy<br />

organisations vying for financial<br />

contributions and public attention. For<br />

those that can’t afford to be so physically<br />

active with their advocacy due to<br />

whatever reason, what advice would you<br />

give in terms of how to choose an<br />

organisation to support? Are there any<br />

criteria for an effective organisation?<br />

In the process of writing my book, I came to question<br />

many more assumptions than I had anticipated. And<br />

one of them is this belief that non-profit organisations<br />

are at the forefront of change and progress for our<br />

movement. I think we just assume that they are — some<br />

appear so polished, professional and convincing — but<br />

maybe that’s just wishful thinking. As much as I<br />

appreciate the Free from Harm donors who have helped<br />

us advance our mission in so many ways, I can’t help<br />

but wonder if larger organisations that become heavily<br />

dependent on and therefore influenced by donors do<br />

not risk losing their focus and impetus for meaningful<br />

change. Maybe instead it will be certain visionaries who<br />

are driven by nothing more than a passion for their<br />

cause who people will rally around, like they rallied<br />

around Cesar Chavez. Other movements have not<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 64

equired a lot of non-profits and donors to build a movement. They<br />

just needed to organise properly. So this all begs the question: can<br />

donating replace actual participation? Can we really expect giving<br />

to replace activism, as the Effective Altruism movement seems to<br />

suggest? Grassroots activism means physically showing up for<br />

events, but it can also mean spreading the message through social<br />

media. At Free from Harm we developed the Pollinators Network<br />

because we realised there is an enormous and still largely untapped<br />

potential to impact our online audience. We also realised that we<br />

have a loyal following of very savvy social media people and still<br />

others who want to become more active and sharpen their skills.<br />

So we mentor them and give them the tools and skills to become<br />

strong “virtual” activists. It’s the next best thing to being there, but<br />

it’s still important to show up.<br />

Connect with Robert’s<br />

organisation Free<br />

From Harm via their<br />

website, Facebook,<br />

Instagram, YouTube<br />

and Twitter. Click on<br />

the image below to<br />

order your copy of<br />

Farm to Fable.<br />

You come from a creative consultancy<br />

background and you’ve very successfully used<br />

your talents to create ‘Free from Harm’. What<br />

advice would you give others to encourage them<br />

to use their own unique gifts and talents to<br />

promote veganism?<br />

Yep, cultivate those talents and see how they can work for your<br />

activism but also share them with a community. On the one hand,<br />

we think it might be more of an effort to show up and develop a<br />

community, but then we also have a yearning for community — for<br />

the community of like-minded, kindred spirits. This is vital to our<br />

own personal fulfilment as well as building our movement. We<br />

want to feel a part of something bigger than ourselves, part of<br />

history in the making, part of a legacy that future generations will<br />

hopefully benefit from. In the end, the pay-off for showing up is<br />

well worth it because of the sense of community with which it<br />

rewards us. BV<br />

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Challenging what we know about<br />

cruelty-free cosmetics<br />

By Anneka Svenska<br />

O<br />

n October 25 th 2016, Naturewatch<br />

Foundation in collaboration with my<br />

animal conservation production company,<br />

GreenWorldTV, launched “Compassion Over Cruelty” –<br />

a film to challenge what we know about cruelty-free<br />

cosmetics.<br />

Every year, millions of animals worldwide are<br />

subjected to painful tests all in the name of beauty.<br />

Chemicals are dropped in their eyes and on to their<br />

skin, often causing painful blinding and burning. Once<br />

used, their bodies are discarded like rubbish as more are<br />

bred to take their place.<br />

The British public is overwhelmingly against the use<br />

of animals for cosmetic testing and indeed, in 1997 the<br />

UK introduced the Cosmetic Testing Ban on the use of<br />

animals to test finished cosmetic products, followed by<br />

a ban in 1998 on the use of animals in testing cosmetic<br />

ingredients. These history-changing laws paved the way<br />

for the European Union, which in 2013 banned all sales<br />

within the EU of cosmetic products or ingredients that<br />

have been tested on animals.<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 66<br />

But this isn’t enough. Cosmetic shoppers in the UK are<br />

still buying into cruelty by purchasing from companies<br />

that sell products outside of the EU, in countries like<br />

China where testing on cosmetic products is still a<br />

requirement by law. By purchasing these brands, or<br />

brands owned by parent companies that are tested in<br />

China, shoppers – who are trying to do the right thing for<br />

animals – are being duped. Compassionate shoppers are<br />

unknowingly handing over their money for cruel animal<br />

testing.<br />

Many of these companies are big multinational labels,<br />

or are selling prestige products and trying to crack the<br />

Chinese market. They offer high-end products that are<br />

perceived as being the best of the best, and they rely on<br />

customer loyalty for their well-known brands. But it is<br />

the animals who are paying the true cost. And it’s<br />

completely unnecessary.<br />

So I joined forces with Naturewatch Foundation to<br />

put truly cruelty-free, compassionate, cosmetics to the<br />

test. How would they hold up against the big players in<br />

the cosmetic industry?<br />


BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 67

Top hair stylist, Daniel Field from the Daniel Field<br />

Hair Salon in Central London, and makeup artist to<br />

the stars, Alexa Riva Ravina kindly offered to put the<br />

Naturewatch Foundation endorsed cruelty-free<br />

products, featured in the Naturewatch ‘Compassionate<br />

Shopping Guide’, to the test.<br />

Some incredible animal-loving celebrities offered<br />

to appear in the film alongside myself, including<br />

actress Rula Lenska, model Daryna Milgevska, and<br />

comedian Jake Yapp, who put their faith – and faces –<br />

in Daniel and Alexa’s hands. And the results were<br />

beautiful and 100% cruelty free.<br />

The resulting film proves that you can choose<br />

compassion over cruelty, and look fabulous in the<br />

process! We launched the film in front of an audience<br />

of 100% animal loving celebrities at Sanctum Soho in<br />

London’s West End. The evening was hosted by our<br />

dear, compassionate friend Rula Lenska and attended<br />

by some brilliant people including BBC Radio 5 DJ<br />

Nicky Campbell, This Morning’s on screen makeup<br />

artist Bryony Blake and TV presenter Matt Johnson,<br />

the animal-loving Jilly Johnson, actress Vicki Michelle,<br />

cruelty free beauty expert Cindy Jackson and actor Dan<br />

Richardson from Disney’s The Lodge, who has recently<br />

become vegan.<br />

Background<br />

Despite the EU and countries like Australia, Israel and<br />

Norway banning the sale and importation of cosmetics<br />

and cosmetic ingredients tested on animals, millions of<br />

animals are still used in cosmetic testing around the<br />

world.<br />

Cosmetic brands may advertise their products as<br />

cruelty-free in the UK – but if they are also selling in<br />

countries like China, where animal-testing on cosmetics is<br />

still a legal requirement – they cannot genuinely claim<br />

cruelty-free status. At the same time, many popular<br />

brands are owned by larger, multinational ‘parent’<br />

companies that may sell other products in China –<br />

meaning that, for the ethical consumer, being genuinely<br />

cruelty-free can be extremely difficult.<br />

Naturewatch Foundation researches companies<br />

thoroughly and only approves those brands that have a<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 68

Click above to watch the official<br />

‘Compassion Over Cruelty Film’ and click<br />

on the image below to get your copy of<br />

the ‘Compassionate Shopping Guide’.<br />

fixed cut-off date animal-testing policy in place. The same fixed<br />

cut-off date must apply throughout the entire company range,<br />

including the parent company and any subsidiaries.<br />

So Naturewatch Foundation has done the hard work for you.<br />

Naturewatch Foundation has published the ‘Compassionate<br />

Shopping Guide’ regularly for over 20 years. It is now in its 14 th<br />

edition. It has become the definitive guide to cruelty-free<br />

shopping for cosmetics, toiletries and household cleaning<br />

products. It has the strictest criteria of any cruelty-free<br />

endorsement scheme in the world. They do not accept animal<br />

use in cosmetic testing at any level. BV<br />

Anneka Svenska is the founder of ‘Green<br />

World Television’ & ‘Angels for the Innocent<br />

Foundation’. To view some of the Green World<br />

TV Films Anneka has released please click<br />

here . You can also visit her website & connect<br />

with her on Facebook & Twitter.<br />

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“Animals glorify God in their particular animalness,<br />

animals worship God. A friend of mine recently<br />

said that every time a species goes extinct, worship<br />

is silenced, and that’s blasphemy.”<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 72

<strong>Vegan</strong>gelical<br />

How Caring for Animals<br />

Can Shape Your Faith<br />

In her latest book, <strong>Vegan</strong>gelical, author Sarah<br />

Withrow King argues that animal stewardship is a<br />

necessary aspect of a holistic ethic of<br />

Christian peace and justice, and care for animal<br />

welfare correspondingly strengthens our care for<br />

environmental and human flourishing. We spoke<br />

with Sarah to learn more about her work to call<br />

people to a greater attentiveness to one of the<br />

primary relationships in God’s created order,<br />

that between humans and animals.<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 73

Tell us about yourself and how you came<br />

to be vegan?<br />

I think the first time I heard the word “vegan” was when<br />

my brother took me to a restaurant he really loved in<br />

Eugene, Oregon. It was all vegan and totally delicious. I<br />

survived on junk: a lot of fast food and super processed<br />

groceries, so this all-vegetable restaurant was like an<br />

explosion of actual flavour, and I didn’t feel like garbage<br />

after I ate there. There was a booklet on the table that a<br />

local activist group had left and I read it while I was<br />

waiting. It talked about factory farming, routine<br />

mutilations and other abuses of animals, the resource<br />

inefficiency of raising and killing animals for food, and<br />

the health implications of a vegan diet. I was stunned. I<br />

loved animals, I had always loved animals, but I never<br />

thought of them when I ate meat. I never thought of<br />

meat as an animal. And I had no idea what modern<br />

farming looked like or the damage it was doing. So, I<br />

resolved to go vegan. And then my resolve broke. So I<br />

resolved again. And broke again…but one of those times,<br />

my resolve stuck!<br />

When talking to other Christians about<br />

animals and veganism, what are the<br />

biggest challenges you deal with?<br />

I find, in this regard, that there isn’t a big difference<br />

between Christians and others. A lot of people, Christian<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 74<br />

or not, hold the same misconceptions that I did about how<br />

animals are raised and killed for food, what those<br />

processes look like. Once the truth about industrial<br />

farming is exposed, many people (again, Christian or not)<br />

feel at a bit of a loss for how to go about making more<br />

compassionate choices. Eating is a deeply complex act for<br />

many of us and food is so tied up in our family and social<br />

traditions that the thought of making a drastic change can<br />

be overwhelming for people. “What do I do now?” and<br />

“How do I talk to my family and friends about this<br />

change?” are the most common questions we see.<br />

The first book of the Bible – Genesis –<br />

explains that God has given humans<br />

‘dominion’ over the animals. All<br />

theologians agree on this, but what are the<br />

main sticking points that come when<br />

defining ‘dominion’?<br />

The vast majority of people I’ve encountered agree that<br />

dominion can’t be interpreted to mean, “do whatever you<br />

want, with impunity.” I’ve talked to a very few individuals<br />

who would argue that, but they do not represent the<br />

majority of Christians. I think the trouble comes in<br />

understanding that when we interpret dominion to mean<br />

“use for food,” that comes with a host of consequences<br />

now that couldn’t have been seen thousands of years ago.<br />

So, we have to ask what dominion now looks like, and

eating animals isn’t it when we live in a world where many of<br />

us can healthfully and sustainably feed ourselves on plants.<br />

What instructions/teachings in the Bible<br />

stand out the most to you as promoting<br />

mercy and compassion towards animals?<br />

I always caution against taking a verse or two and using it as<br />

a proof for any kind of argument. CreatureKind wrote a little<br />

about that recently. To me, the most biblically compelling<br />

argument for compassion to animals is one that takes the<br />

whole movement of the scripture and the Spirit in mind: we<br />

know that this broken, bruised world is being reconciled<br />

back to a Creator who wants every being to flourish and<br />

thrive. Jesus taught his followers to pray, “Thy Kingdom<br />

come, on earth as it is in heaven.” We know that this<br />

Kingdom will be one of peace for all, where the wolf will lie<br />

down with the lamb, where violence and suffering are no<br />

more. On earth. Not up in the sky, on earth. So, if we know<br />

the Creator is reconciling the whole world back to Godself<br />

and we know that part of that reconciliation will be the<br />

reconciliation of humans and animals to one another, why<br />

wouldn’t we take steps now to realise that?<br />

What does the Bible say about the animals’<br />

relationship to God?<br />

God created animals, God provides for animals, God sees<br />

animals. Animals glorify God in their particular animal-ness,<br />

animals worship God. A friend of mine recently said that<br />

every time a species goes extinct, worship is silenced, and<br />

that’s blasphemy. Humans have so centred ourselves in the<br />

world that we fail to see how we are one part of the whole<br />

creation.<br />

love for one another.” –Jesus. How do we know if<br />

something is Christian? We know that because it’s<br />

loving, love-giving, love-promoting, love-sustaining.<br />

Right before Jesus gives this new commandment, he<br />

washes the feet of his disciples. Washes their feet. He<br />

humbles himself and he serves others. Industrial<br />

farming causes human, animal, and environmental<br />

suffering on a massive scale while lining the pockets<br />

and filling the coffers of wealthy corporations and<br />

their officers. It is destructive, dangerous, and evil and<br />

can’t, in any way, be construed as loving.<br />

It can be tough belonging to a church group that<br />

doesn’t include any vegans. What advice do you have<br />

for vegan Christians that want to remain part of a<br />

church but are struggling with the fact that people in<br />

their fellowship are not interested in, and/or perhaps<br />

ridicule the decision to live a vegan lifestyle?<br />

I wrote about this in “A Plea to Stay Rooted,”<br />

because I’ve been there and I know what it feels like!<br />

We set ourselves up for disappointment when we<br />

expect that people will change their views and actions<br />

on our timetable, but the need for fellowship is real. As<br />

much as possible, don’t make vegan the litmus test for<br />

a relationship. Connect on other levels with people,<br />

answer their inquiries honestly and with compassion,<br />

and let God work on their hearts. People I never<br />

thought would go vegan have done just that,<br />

sometimes long after our initial conversations! I love<br />

connecting with other Christian vegans, and I do that<br />

on a regular basis online, by telephone, and at events.<br />

But don’t let that become your main fellowship,<br />

because if you’re not there in the church, who will<br />

speak up for animals? ><br />

Because veganism/vegetarianism is<br />

promoted in other religions, I have come<br />

across some Christian-based organisations<br />

actively promoting meat-eating, saying that<br />

it is un-Christian not to eat God’s animals.<br />

What response do you have for that<br />

position?<br />

“I give you a new commandment, that you love one another.<br />

Just as I have loved you, you also should love one another. By<br />

this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you have<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 75

How has your faith and relationship with<br />

God, helped you be a better advocate for<br />

animals and humans?<br />

Faith and animal advocacy is actually a two-way street for<br />

me! My advocacy has reminded me over and over again<br />

that compassion is a choice we make and that applies to<br />

humans (including ourselves) as well as animals.<br />

Advocacy for animals helped open up the depth and<br />

breadth of God’s promises to the created world in a way I<br />

hadn’t understood before. My faith helps me to remember<br />

to extend grace to people and situations when it’s hard for<br />

me to feel like it. But perhaps most importantly, my faith<br />

is a constant reminder that I am part of a much larger<br />

story, a story that started long before I was born and will<br />

continue long after I die.<br />

During the time that you’ve been vegan<br />

and advocating for animals, what positive<br />

changes have you noticed in the church’s<br />

opinion/stance towards animals?<br />

Oh my gosh, when I first went vegan I felt like I was<br />

totally alone in the church world. Now, literally<br />

everywhere I go… every conference, every church, every<br />

school, every organisation… there’s at least one other<br />

“animal person.” Denominations are passing resolutions<br />

about animal welfare. A huge group of evangelical<br />

Christians signed a document called “Every Living Thing”<br />

last year that named animals as a topic of moral and<br />

practical concern for Christians. Pope Francis’ climate<br />

encyclical was full of thoughts about animals. The<br />

CreatureKind project that I help run with UK theologian<br />

David Clough, was founded in part because enough<br />

Christians care about animals and want to advocate on<br />

their behalf that there’s now a need for church-based<br />

organisations to equip them with the tools to do so.<br />

You wrote and had published two books<br />

on Christianity and veganism/animals<br />

that were released last year. Can you tell<br />

us about them and what inspired you to<br />

write them?<br />

The first book I wrote is called Animals Are Not Ours (No,<br />

Really, They’re Not): An Evangelical Animal Liberation<br />

Theology (Cascade Books, 2016). I was inspired to write it<br />

“This prayer, written by Bishop Ken Untener of<br />

Saginaw in honour of Oscar Romero, is one that I<br />

return to again and again, and helps keep my<br />

place in this difficult work in perspective”.<br />

Archbishop Oscar Romero Prayer: A Step<br />

Along The Way<br />

It helps, now and then, to step back and take a<br />

long view.<br />

The kingdom is not only beyond our efforts, it is<br />

even beyond our vision.<br />

We accomplish in our lifetime only a tiny<br />

fraction of the magnificent<br />

enterprise that is God's work. Nothing we do is<br />

complete, which is a way of<br />

saying that the Kingdom always lies beyond us.<br />

No statement says all that could be said.<br />

No prayer fully expresses our faith.<br />

No confession brings perfection.<br />

No pastoral visit brings wholeness.<br />

No program accomplishes the Church's mission.<br />

No set of goals and objectives includes<br />

everything.<br />

This is what we are about.<br />

We plant the seeds that one day will grow.<br />

We water seeds already planted, knowing that<br />

they hold future promise.<br />

We lay foundations that will need further<br />

development.<br />

We provide yeast that produces far beyond our<br />

capabilities.<br />

We cannot do everything, and there is a sense of<br />

liberation in realising that.<br />

This enables us to do something, and to do it<br />

very well.<br />

It may be incomplete, but it is a beginning, a step<br />

along the way, an<br />

opportunity for the Lord's grace to enter and do<br />

the rest.<br />

We may never see the end results, but that is the<br />

difference between the master<br />

builder and the worker.<br />

We are workers, not master builders; ministers,<br />

not messiahs.<br />

We are prophets of a future not our own.<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 76

“My advocacy has<br />

reminded me over<br />

and over again that<br />

compassion is a<br />

choice we make and<br />

that applies to<br />

humans (including<br />

ourselves) as well<br />

as animals.”<br />

during my seminary studies, where I did a lot reading<br />

about nonviolence, liberation theology, and creation<br />

care theology. I would get so frustrated because there<br />

was this obvious blind spot towards animals in the vast<br />

majority of the works. So, in Animals Are Not Ours, I<br />

wanted to demonstrate how animal liberation was a<br />

natural fit with other liberative theologies. It’s a very<br />

wide-reaching book, and I didn’t hold back.<br />

My second book is <strong>Vegan</strong>gelical: How Caring for<br />

Animals Can Shape Your Faith (Zondervan, 2016). I<br />

really wrote this book for my dad. I needed a very<br />

careful, biblically-based introduction to animal issues.<br />

In <strong>Vegan</strong>gelical, I talk about how a few core Christian<br />

beliefs and values can shape our understanding of our<br />

responsibility towards animals. So, once we’ve<br />

established what it is we believe, we can look at the<br />

different ways we use animals today—as pets,<br />

entertainment, research subjects, clothing, and food—<br />

and ask ourselves if what we believe is played out in<br />

how we live. It was a fun book to write, it’s super<br />

accessible, and my dad went vegan after he read it, so I<br />

think I did my job well.<br />

You can read some of<br />

Sarah’s writing at her<br />

website. Click on the<br />

images below for more<br />

info on Sarah’s books.<br />

Is there anything else you’d like to share<br />

with readers?<br />

I feel really lucky every day that I get to work on<br />

CreatureKind, which is a project working from within<br />

the church to engage Christians on farmed animal<br />

welfare. You can read about our first ten months on our<br />

website. We are always looking for partners and are<br />

eager to talk to people who have a heart for this work,<br />

no matter their own faith expression. BV<br />

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By Linda Monahan

P<br />

utting our compassion into action is what makes<br />

us vegan. When confronted with animal<br />

suffering, we have each chosen to do something<br />

rather than remain complicit. But what do we<br />

make of those instances when the there is no<br />

clear actionable response?<br />

The routine deaths of animals that have been hit by<br />

cars, commonly known as “roadkill,” is an issue that has<br />

been especially challenging for me since becoming vegan.<br />

Though I see body after body on the roadside, there is no<br />

company to hold accountable, no rescue to donate or<br />

volunteer with. And unless we are able to abstain from<br />

driving cars, there is no boycott that will lessen the death<br />

toll.<br />

Every day, roughly one million animals are killed by<br />

vehicles in the United States alone (1). Bodies of large<br />

mammals like deer are usually moved from traffic lanes by<br />

state transportation authorities, but they remain visible on<br />

shoulders and ditches as they decompose. The majority of<br />

animals we routinely kill with our cars, however, are<br />

smaller mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians whose<br />

bodies stay on roadways to be driven over and over to<br />

disintegration.<br />

With nearly four hundred million animals killed by cars<br />

annually, “roadkill” is the second largest cause of animal<br />

death in the United States, behind animals killed for flesh<br />

(2) .<br />

Despite these figures, road-killed animals are rarely<br />

afforded human compassion. There are several factors that<br />

contribute to their exclusion from the moral community, as<br />

well as several compelling responses to encountering<br />

“roadkill” that could help to change this fact.<br />

In my chapter for the recent academic anthology,<br />

Mourning Animals, edited by Margo DeMello, I suggest<br />

that demonstrating compassion for road-killed animals<br />

is a productive entry point for people to engage greater<br />

respect for all animals (3). Because vegans already<br />

include all beings in our circle of compassion, we are<br />

primed to become advocates for our local wildlife on<br />

this widespread issue.<br />

Road-killed animals, of course, do not spontaneously<br />

appear in travel lanes as disfigured corpses. There are<br />

identifiable and, often, preventable factors that put<br />

animals at risk of being killed on the road. Road<br />

ecologists have studied what brings certain animals to<br />

the roadside and have long been working toward<br />

preventative measures (4).<br />

Wildlife crossings like vegetation-covered bridge<br />

overpasses and tunnel- and gully-like underpasses have<br />

been proven effective in rerouting the migration<br />

behavior of many commonly road-killed species (5).<br />

These measures, however, are far from commonplace.<br />

Despite the efficacy of these mitigation efforts,<br />

“roadkill” is generally regarded as regrettable but<br />

inevitable. We might express a moment’s despair when<br />

passing evidence of a particularly gruesome collision, or<br />

allow ourselves brief grief over the death of certain<br />

species more than others.<br />

It is hard not to notice the body of a dog or cat on<br />

the side of the road, for example, but it is easy enough<br />

for many to roll past a squirrel or opossum without a<br />

second glance. As wild species, road-killed animals lack<br />

the strong ties to a human community that companion<br />

animals—even those hit by cars—can claim.<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 79<br />


To further understand why these animal victims are still<br />

regarded with such little compassion, consider the<br />

similarities between animals hung in butcheries and<br />

those flattened on the road. Both require rationalisation<br />

on the part of the would-be compassionate human.<br />

Language is a big part of this mental-moral negotiation.<br />

As labor scholar Dennis Soron explains, “As a human<br />

creation, ‘road kill’ is just as de-animalized as ‘beef’ and<br />

just as open to cultural meanings that are bracketed off<br />

from the embodied experience of the suffering<br />

animal.” (6) In other words,<br />

simply calling these animals<br />

“roadkill” is the first exclusionary<br />

mind-trick.<br />

For this reason, I use the term<br />

“road-killed animals” to<br />

emphasise that the way in which<br />

these animals die does not<br />

exclusively define their<br />

relationship to the human<br />

community. As individual beings,<br />

road-killed animals have full and<br />

varied lives independent of the<br />

final violence inflicted upon them<br />

by humans.<br />

Other factors that limit the extension of compassion<br />

to road-killed animals include both the practical and the<br />

cultural. On a practical level, travel by car is inherently<br />

inhospitable to demonstrating compassion for roadkilled<br />

animals due to the speed at which we move. Not<br />

only are we only granted just a few seconds to react to an<br />

animal on the roadway (living or dead), but high-speed<br />

traffic makes it dangerous to stop and engage with any<br />

potential feelings of concern or grief upon seeing an<br />

animal’s disfigured corpse.<br />

Culturally, road-killed animals have largely been a<br />

punchline. Twentieth century cartoons like Wile E.<br />

Coyote and gag-gift variations on Playboy columnist<br />

Buck Peterson’s The Roadkill Cookbook series are<br />

expressions of a larger speciesist discourse that<br />

maintains a hierarchical divide between human and<br />

nonhuman animals. Narratives of human dominion and<br />

progress, along with the desire to travel further, faster,<br />

and more frequently in North American car culture work<br />

together to create conditions inhospitable to compassion<br />

for road-killed animals.<br />

A final factor contributing to the lack of compassion<br />

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for road-killed animals is the frequency of drivers’<br />

encounters with such violent imagery, fostering a culture<br />

that is desensitised to the sight. The mundane visibility of<br />

bloody, dismembered wildlife on the road naturalises this<br />

automotive violence in the same way that constant<br />

imagery of meat products in food advertisements<br />

naturalises the consumption of animal flesh.<br />

It is possible, however, for the constant visibility of<br />

road-killed animals to disrupt these animals’ cultural<br />

status as outside the realm of human compassion and<br />

mourning.<br />

Recognising the individual value of road-killed<br />

animals is a critical step toward human accountability for<br />

their lives and deaths. Mourning is a powerful affect that<br />

can translate into compassion for road-killed animals in<br />

ways that are familiar to humans.<br />

Mourning, in contrast to grief, connotes an expression<br />

of feelings of deep sorrow. By making feelings of sadness<br />

and regret visible, audible, or otherwise public, mourning<br />

animals who have been violently killed on the road<br />

mirrors the highly visible, public nature of their deaths.<br />

In recent years, road-killed animals have begun to be<br />

integrated into larger narratives of subjectivity and<br />

interspecies community through activism and art that<br />

seek to fit road-killed animals into established human<br />

mourning practices. PETA, for example, has petitioned<br />

several state legislatures for roadside memorials for<br />

animals killed in transit (though none so far have been<br />

approved).<br />

Author Barry Lopez offers another response on an<br />

individual level in his beautifully woodcut-illustrated<br />

essay, Apologia. He describes his encounters with<br />

individual road-killed animals as moments to take<br />

accountability. For Lopez, accountability means pulling<br />

over to move the broken bodies from the road.<br />

Awareness of the individual compels him to act, to<br />

express his apology through the ritual of burial.<br />

American photographer Emma Kisiel has a similar<br />

response to witnessing wildlife mortality on U.S.<br />

highways. In her series At Rest (2011), Kisiel constructs<br />

and photographs makeshift memorials for found roadkilled<br />

fauna. Kisiel’s new visuality of road-killed animals<br />

allows us to recognise them as individuals worthy of<br />

mourning.<br />

Kisiel, Lopez, and PETA encourage us to take the<br />

time to recognise each road-killed animal we pass. If we<br />

can mobilise compassion for the visible violence of<br />

“roadkill,” we may then be able to inspire greater<br />

compassion for the victims of the invisible violence of<br />

slaughterhouses and laboratories.<br />

The collective force of these millisecond mournings<br />

can have political power: once the affect of care shrouds<br />

these animals, we can press for preventative measures<br />

such as wildlife crossings and driver education<br />

campaigns that value animal life. Alongside creative<br />

works of remembrance, these measures will help<br />

“roadkill” continue its cultural transformation from<br />

laughably grotesque to grievable, animal death. BV<br />

References:<br />

(1) Marcel P. Huijser et al. “Cost-Benefit Analyses of Mitigation<br />

Measures Aimed at Reducing Collisions with Large Ungulates<br />

in the United States and Canada: A Decision Support Tool,”<br />

Ecology and Society 14, no. 2 (2009): 15.<br />

(2) Andreas Seiler and J.-O. Helldin, “Mortality in Wildlife<br />

Due to Transportation,” in The Ecology of Transportation:<br />

Managing Mobility for the Environment, ed. John Davenport<br />

and Julia L. Davenport (New York: Springer, 2006), 166–68.<br />

(3) Linda Monahan, “Mourning the Mundane: Memorializing<br />

Roadkill in North America,” in Mourning Animals, ed. Margo<br />

DeMello (East Lansing, MI: Michigan State UP), 151-157.<br />

(4) Seiler and Helldin, “Mortality in Wildlife.”<br />

(5) Diana Balmori and David K. Skelly, “Crossing to<br />

Sustainability: A Role for Design in Overcoming Road Effects,”<br />

Ecological Restoration 30, no. 4 (2012): 363–67.<br />

(6) Dennis Soron, “Road Kill: Commodity Fetishism and<br />

Structural Violence,” in Critical Theory and Animal Liberation,<br />

ed. John Sanbonmatsu (New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2011),<br />

63. pp.55-70.<br />

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Compassion<br />

for<br />

animals<br />

through<br />

veganism<br />

By Tom Leslie<br />

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B<br />

eing or becoming a vegan means that you show<br />

compassion towards animals. <strong>Vegan</strong>ism is based on<br />

the philosophy that the killing of or exploitation of<br />

any animal is not justified and goes totally against the<br />

compassion we should show towards the animals we share<br />

our planet with.<br />

If we did live in a world where animals are treated<br />

‘humanely’ and got the respect they deserved, the following<br />

statement would not be true: over 40 million one-day old<br />

chicks are killed every year. That means 40 million lives that<br />

deserve to have their rights upheld are ended within 24 hours<br />

of birth, due to cruelty, greed and a vast shortcoming of<br />

compassion. There is a common misconception that<br />

veganism is only about diet, the truth is it is a belief that goes<br />

much deeper than simply changing what we eat and drink.<br />

From campaigning to get animals out of circuses and sport,<br />

to only purchasing ethically produced clothing and<br />

household items. <strong>Vegan</strong>ism is about showing compassion to<br />

all animals, not only those kept cruelly on factory farms.<br />

I would love to encourage people who read this to think<br />

about veganism in the bigger picture, not just the diet, and<br />

also to show more love towards animals and their habitats. If<br />

you are reading this as a non-vegan, maybe a vegetarian<br />

considering going the extra step, then I assure you that<br />

leading a vegan life is the single greatest step you can take to<br />

show that you care about animal welfare and the planet you<br />

live on. If you are a vegan then I would urge you to get out<br />

into nature and see animals thrive in their natural<br />

habitat, where they should be and really appreciate the<br />

wildlife that we are so lucky to have. Doing something<br />

like this is a wonderful way to remember the<br />

importance of veganism, and reinforce the fact that<br />

you are living a kinder, healthier way of life as a vegan.<br />

Finally, if you are a non-vegan reading this then I<br />

imagine you are quite curious about the diet and<br />

lifestyle. I could not encourage you enough to try a<br />

plant-based diet as a first step (why not sign up right<br />

now to <strong>Vegan</strong>uary?) and start to discover the beauty of<br />

a cruelty-free way of life. For animals, the planet and<br />

your own health. BV<br />

Tom Leslie has been a<br />

vegan since <strong>Feb</strong>ruary 2016.<br />

He is a lover of endurance<br />

sport, especially running<br />

and cycling. A key reason for<br />

opting for the vegan lifestyle was his love for<br />

animals and his desire for all creatures to be<br />

free from harm and exploitation. His personal<br />

aim is to use his passion for endurance sport<br />

to promote veganism and to prove that it is in<br />

no way a hindrance to people with active<br />

lifestyles.<br />

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By Katrina Fox

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Our psychological wounds can cause us to lash out at<br />

ourselves and others, even those we’re working with<br />

for a common cause and whose values of kindness we<br />

claim to share. Acknowledging our personal and<br />

collective shadow is key to learning to embrace<br />

compassion for all, writes Katrina Fox.<br />

“You’re a filthy little Arab who should go back to where<br />

you came from.” So said my adoptive mother for the first<br />

time when I was age six, after I’d spilled crumbs on the<br />

floor from a biscuit I was eating. “No wonder your real<br />

mother didn’t want you.” The impact of this cruel remark<br />

was instant and lasted for decades. As humans are wont<br />

to do, I made it mean that I was unlovable and would<br />

never be good enough.<br />

Factual inaccuracies aside (my birth father was<br />

Persian, not an Arab), it was—unbeknownst to me at the<br />

time—my first experience with racism. The idea that<br />

anyone who wasn’t a white English person was inferior<br />

was further solidified by my dad’s constant referencing of<br />

“bloody wogs” to describe black people. I quickly learned<br />

to deny my ethnic heritage right into my 20s—if anyone<br />

asked, I said I was part Spanish or Italian. I even went so<br />

far as to have a nose job in 1993, partly to remove a small<br />

bump, but I can’t deny I was pleased the adjustment<br />

made me look less obviously half Iranian.<br />

Around the age of 10, in 1976, I became obsessed with<br />

the women in the hit TV show Charlie’s Angels. I started<br />

a scrapbook, and asked my classmates to save any<br />

newspaper or magazine clippings featuring the trio of<br />

glamorous female detectives. In addition, my best friend<br />

Susan and I told everyone we loved each other. It was an<br />

innocent enough comment, but a boy in our class said he<br />

thought we were lesbians. It was the first time I’d heard<br />

the word, and when he explained what it meant, without<br />

any judgment, I was happy to take it on. But when I told<br />

the teacher I was a lesbian, she was horrified and told me<br />

not to say that word again or I’d be sent to the<br />

headmaster to be punished. This was my first experience<br />

with homophobia. And, in his typical uncreative manner,<br />

good old dad confirmed my suspicions that same-sex love<br />

and affection was bad by yelling “bloody poofs” at the TV<br />

screen whenever footballers hugged each other after<br />

one of their teammates scored a goal. Cue more<br />

disempowerment.<br />

My first experience with sexism happened around a<br />

similar time, when I asked to play football and rugby<br />

and was told by both the boys and the teachers that I<br />

couldn’t because I was a girl.<br />

So, before I’d even hit puberty, I’d learned that if<br />

you weren’t white, straight, and male, there was<br />

something wrong with you and you didn’t deserve to<br />

participate in life on an equal footing. Essentially, you<br />

were “lesser than” privileged others, although I didn’t<br />

have the fancy language for it back then.<br />

By age 11, I’d learned that animals had it even<br />

tougher. My jaw literally dropped open when I learned<br />

that the beef burger on my plate had once been part of<br />

a beautiful, living cow. While I was brought up on a<br />

council estate just outside of south London in the UK,<br />

I’d visit my cousin in the country occasionally where<br />

I’d climb over fences into farmers’ fields to stroke the<br />

cows and give them apples, with no clue that they<br />

would be trucked off to an abattoir and killed. Learning<br />

that I’d been ingesting the dead bodies of these gentle<br />

creatures made me feel sick, and I became—without<br />

knowing the word at the time—vegetarian<br />

immediately.<br />

Although I embraced feminism, queer rights and<br />

animal advocacy in my early 20s, and found a plethora<br />

of examples of culturally entrenched sexism, racism,<br />

homophobia, and speciesism, I didn’t make the<br />

connections between these forms of oppression until<br />

much later—almost a decade, in fact, when I was<br />

introduced to veganism by a schoolteacher on an antivivisection<br />

demo. It was finding out about the cruelty<br />

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involved in the dairy industry in particular that made the<br />

light bulbs in my head start to go off.<br />

I learned that in order to produce milk, a cow must be<br />

kept pregnant and lactating, a process carried out by<br />

restraining her in a head stall and artificially inseminating<br />

her; that shortly after birth, calves are torn away from their<br />

mothers, who bellow for several weeks with grief; that dairy<br />

cows are hooked up to milking machines—after suffering<br />

the agonising ordeal of having their horns and, on occasion,<br />

excess teats cut off with scissors solely for aesthetic reasons;<br />

that mastitis—the inflammation of<br />

the mammary glands—is the most<br />

common affliction affecting dairy<br />

cows around the world and causes<br />

them severe pain; that this relentless<br />

cycle of forced endless pregnancy,<br />

birthing, and lactation puts so much<br />

pressure on the reproductive systems<br />

of cows that they become spent—<br />

verging on dead at around four to five<br />

years of age, whereas naturally they<br />

would live for a couple of decades.<br />

It was this moment that the<br />

connections between feminism and<br />

animal rights became obvious: how<br />

could I call for my own reproductive autonomy while<br />

actively supporting the assault on female non-human<br />

animals’ reproductive systems through the consumption of<br />

dairy? As Shy Buba wrote on The <strong>Vegan</strong> Woman blog, “It’s<br />

contrary to feminism to defend one type of female body<br />

while using and abusing another.”<br />

Fighting Back or Fighting Ourselves?<br />

Over the years, I’ve been involved with both<br />

mainstream gay, lesbian, bisexual and sex and/or<br />

gender diverse communities, as well as alternative<br />

queer groups. Within both communities, there are<br />

passionate individuals and groups campaigning<br />

against one or more forms of oppression while<br />

perpetuating other forms. For example, the rise of<br />

“black face” and other modes of appropriation of<br />

native cultures by white performers in queer feminist<br />

...One of the more<br />

confronting aspects of sacred<br />

activism is learning to love<br />

and forgive the perpetrators<br />

of oppression, cruelty, and<br />

horrendous injustices.<br />

circles; sexism, racism, and misogyny within the<br />

animal rights movement; and speciesism in the<br />

majority of campaigns for human rights.<br />

It both breaks my heart and frustrates me when my<br />

queer, feminist friends and colleagues speak out so<br />

passionately about homophobia, sexism or racism in ><br />

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one breath, while updating their Facebook statuses<br />

describing the sentient being they ate for lunch or serving<br />

the dead bodies or secretions of tortured farmed animals<br />

at events to celebrate equality or advancement for women<br />

or queer folk. And when the issue of animal oppression is<br />

raised (in the same way that they attempt to gain support<br />

for their particular cause), reactions generally fall into two<br />

camps: “I know, but I don’t care enough to change my<br />

lifestyle to give up my gustatory delights,” or “I don’t want<br />

to know because I don’t want to give up my power and<br />

privilege. Besides, (insert type of creature here) tastes so<br />

good.”<br />

Some are often accompanied by a patronising smile<br />

and a comment along the lines of, “Aw, your love of<br />

animals and vegan lifestyle is so sweet.” Imagine the<br />

reaction if you said that about their anti-racism work.<br />

Unsurprisingly, such disagreements result in an<br />

interminable amount of infighting—in which I admit I’ve<br />

contributed my share. Activist movements are full of<br />

people who have experienced cruelty, oppression,<br />

discrimination, and often physical violence. We’ve been<br />

told that we’re “broken,” “wrong,” “not good enough,”—<br />

not only by individual people, but through the<br />

perpetuation of overt as well as the insidious<br />

reinforcement of what is considered culturally acceptable<br />

or unacceptable.<br />

Depending on the educational or emotional resources<br />

we have access to at any given time, many of us will live in<br />

a state of unconsciousness about our own or others’<br />

oppression, reacting with anger each time we are triggered<br />

by others’ comments. Many of us are fuelled by a deepseated<br />

rage, which can on one hand be a motivator to take<br />

action against injustice, yet unchecked on the other hand<br />

destroys not only our own sense of peace but very often<br />

any power or leverage we may get to achieve our goals of<br />

liberation. While we’re busy putting all our energy into<br />

fighting each other and our potential allies, it seems<br />

oppressors are finding new ways to hold onto and extend<br />

their privileges.<br />

Integrating the Shadow Self and Embracing<br />

Compassion for All<br />

In July 2011, my personal life was a mess. Despite being in a<br />

relationship of 18 years with a woman who loved me very<br />

much and living in an apartment that I co-owned, I was<br />

deeply unhappy and dissatisfied with my life. My career as<br />

a freelance writer and editor wasn’t bringing me the joy it<br />

used to; I felt like I’d lost my writing mojo and felt<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 92<br />

As social change<br />

makers, we owe it<br />

to ourselves, and<br />

to humanity,<br />

animals, and the<br />

planet, to take<br />

action that comes<br />

from a place of<br />

compassion: for<br />

others and<br />

ourselves.<br />

resentful and trapped. Up until that time, I believed that<br />

life happened to me, that my feelings ran the show and I<br />

was at the mercy of external circumstances—in other<br />

words, despite my obvious privileges, I was a victim.<br />

Fortunately, a close friend offered a different<br />

perspective on my situation, one which suggested that I<br />

had a choice in how I acted, reacted, and behaved. At<br />

the age of 46, I was finally ready to hear the pearl of<br />

wisdom that personal development gurus had been<br />

spouting for decades. I felt not just a light bulb but a<br />

whole panorama of bright stadium lights switch on in<br />

my mind. The following 12 months saw me devour<br />

books, audio recordings, and DVDs, and attend<br />

workshops and seminars, all of which taught me that<br />

the past only defines you if you let it; it is possible to<br />

consciously choose to move beyond it and decide who<br />

you want to become.<br />

Now, I realise this may be all very well for a whiteskinned,<br />

middle-class lesbian with certain privileges,<br />

and I’m not suggesting it’s easy (I still struggle with<br />

negative self-talk, but it’s lessening as I equip myself<br />

with the tools of self-awareness), but I have come to<br />

believe that compassion for self and others is the key to<br />

making a difference in the world. As I allowed myself to<br />

be open to new possibilities, I found myself exposed to<br />

individuals who had figured out the importance of<br />

integrating our shadow parts into our lives, instead of<br />

running away from them.<br />


BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 93

Our “shadow side” is anything we dislike about ourselves<br />

that we’d rather others did not know about us. It can<br />

range from a sense of entitlement and righteousness to<br />

feeling incompetent, like a failure or a fake.<br />

In 2012, I met and conducted an interview with author<br />

Andrew Harvey who coined the term “sacred activism,” a<br />

mixture of radical action/activism and spirituality. What<br />

I like about Harvey’s philosophy is his acknowledgement<br />

of the need to do intense work around the personal and<br />

cultural shadow (our own private wounding as well the<br />

shadow cast by a society that is “narcissistic, selfabsorbed<br />

and utterly suicidal in its pursuit of<br />

domination of nature ” ).<br />

Harvey believes that positive social change will not<br />

be achieved by activists fueled solely by anger or by<br />

“bliss bunnies” who meditate and do little else. In<br />

addition to personal and group shadow work, one of the<br />

more confronting aspects of sacred activism is learning<br />

to love and forgive the perpetrators of oppression,<br />

cruelty, and horrendous injustices. This is a challenging<br />

one, and I am not sure I am quite ready to embrace this,<br />

yet intuitively it rings true.<br />

“It doesn’t mean you don’t act against their policies,”<br />

Harvey told me. “Gandhi didn’t hate the British, but<br />

acted systematically to unseat them. Martin Luther King<br />

didn’t hate white Americans, but fought with sacred<br />

power to bring in civil rights. Not hating people, and<br />

instead forgiving them, doesn’t mean you let the policies<br />

or actions continue, but it does mean your whole action<br />

is not action against; it’s for a vision that includes [the<br />

perpetrators] and their healing. Gandhi believed the<br />

British were killing themselves by gunning down the<br />

Indians, so his action was on behalf of both. King<br />

understood that white Americans pretending to love<br />

Jesus while dishonoring their black brothers and sisters<br />

were destroying a part of their soul, so his actions were<br />

on behalf of White Americans and black people.”<br />

It is a tough one. Attempting to love and forgive<br />

those who carry out the most heinous atrocities on<br />

people, animals, and the environment is not a place I<br />

have reached yet, but I am teetering on the edge of<br />

compassion, with the awareness that the perpetrators of<br />

violence, cruelty and destruction are acting from a place<br />

of fear, self-loathing, and unconsciousness. When I was<br />

around nine, I deliberately killed a centipede. For no<br />

particular reason other than I could. I suppose I felt<br />

powerless, and this was a way I could feel powerful over<br />

another being. I felt guilty and ashamed for many years<br />

afterwards. I have also been reactive, unkind, and harsh<br />

to various people throughout my life—as most of us<br />

have.<br />

We all seek love, significance, and belonging. In that<br />

search we may hurt others. It is because we do not love<br />

ourselves that our ego needs power over others, rather<br />

than empowerment. As social change makers, we owe it<br />

to ourselves, and to humanity, animals, and the planet,<br />

to take action that comes from a place of compassion:<br />

for others and ourselves. BV<br />

This article is an extract<br />

from Circles of Compassion:<br />

Essays Connecting Issues of<br />

Justice, edited by Dr. Will<br />

Tuttle. To<br />

order your<br />

copy, click on<br />

the cover<br />

image.<br />

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Anti-natalism is a philosophical position<br />

that assigns a negative value to birth or<br />

that views non-existence as preferable to<br />

existence (source). There is an<br />

increasing population of vegans<br />

publically expressing aggressive antinatalist<br />

views and here, Dr. Casey Taft<br />

explores how doing so can have a negative<br />

impact on our vegan advocacy efforts.<br />

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I<br />

n a patriarchal society there is great pressure on<br />

women to have children. Women are taught from an<br />

early age that one of their primary functions is to<br />

have babies. When they don't fulfill this societal<br />

role, they may be subtly or not so subtly pressured by<br />

those around them to get with the program.<br />

I have great respect for those women who decide that<br />

having children is not right for them despite the pressure<br />

they're under. For many, the decision not to have children<br />

represents a reclaiming of their personal identity and<br />

what it means to be a woman.<br />

Other women make a different choice and opt to have<br />

children. This choice also may connect them with their<br />

womanhood.<br />

There is perhaps nothing more personal than one's<br />

reproductive choices. I don't think that anyone should be<br />

shamed for these choices, whatever they may be.<br />

Unfortunately, within the vegan movement, many<br />

women and men who refer to themselves as "antinatalists"<br />

engage in shaming women for their choice to<br />

have kids, creating an unsafe space for many women in<br />

the movement. In anti-natalist spaces, and even in other<br />

vegan spaces, women with children are derided as<br />

"breeders" and far worse, and jokes are made about<br />

women who have miscarriages or babies with disabilities.<br />

The ugliness I've witnessed knows no bounds. But yet,<br />

even when direct calls for violence towards women and<br />

babies are exposed and made public, there is often a<br />

disappointing silence among other "child-free" vegans<br />

who otherwise are strong anti-violence advocates. I<br />

suppose it's human nature to ignore violence and hatred<br />

by those whom we may share certain other beliefs or<br />

characteristics.<br />

The anti-natalist argument is based primarily on<br />

scientific claims that rapid overpopulation will be the<br />

death of us all. The science behind these arguments is<br />

weak, with data showing that birth rates are actually<br />

declining in developing and developed nations. 1 The birth<br />

rate in the United States is the lowest rate ever<br />

recorded. 2,3 Despite this, 16% of the world’s population in<br />

developed nations consumes 80% of its natural resources,<br />

indicating that the real problems lie with<br />

overconsumption and misallocation of resources. 4 This<br />

overconsumption is clearly occurring at the corporate<br />

rather than the individual level, as we have a global<br />

economic system that has no regard for the damage that<br />

our major industries cause to the planet. 5 <strong>Vegan</strong>s are as<br />

mindful of this as anyone, since our vegan advocacy helps<br />

combat climate change. The data seem to be telling us<br />

that focusing on people having babies is placing the focus<br />

in the wrong area.<br />

But one should not engage in shaming, coercing, or<br />

abusing women based on interpretations of scientific data<br />

regardless. Our reproductive choices are protected<br />

human rights, and efforts to take away these rights are<br />

oppressive and abusive. Looking the other way when<br />

others in the community do the same is also an injustice.<br />

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How are we going to convince others<br />

that we're a social justice movement<br />

if we promote violence and injustice<br />

among ourselves? How can we be taken<br />

seriously when we speak out against<br />

violence towards non-human animals<br />

while promoting or ignoring abuse<br />

towards our fellow humans?<br />

Just like veganism is an issue of justice and not merely an<br />

issue of nutritional science, so too is the issue of<br />

reproductive choice.<br />

Another tenet of anti-natalism is that it's cruel to bring<br />

other humans into this terrible world. If one believes that<br />

living on this planet is a form of cruelty, I absolutely agree<br />

that having a child may not be a good decision for them.<br />

But many of us feel gratitude for each day that we exist on<br />

this planet. Many of us are vegan because we believe that<br />

being alive is amazing and no animal should be deprived of<br />

this gift.<br />

Yet another argument made by anti-natalists is that<br />

there's no guarantee that a vegan child will grow up to be<br />

vegan, and thus they will do greater harm. As a father of a 3<br />

-year old vegan girl who just grilled all our neighbors about<br />

veganism while trick or treating for Halloween, I call BS.<br />

Our little girl is stronger in her vegan convictions than<br />

many adults we know. When kids are not brainwashed to<br />

do harm to animals, it becomes unthinkable to do so, and<br />

it’s highly unlikely that anything is going to change that.<br />

Having a vegan child has forced us to engage in vegan<br />

education efforts in all kinds of spaces that we otherwise<br />

would not have: with neighbours, pre-school, family, and<br />

friends. If we truly want a vegan world, we need to raise<br />

awareness everywhere, not only with those from a singular<br />

demographic or lifestyle choice.<br />

Our veganism has been strengthened by having a vegan<br />

child. It was the impetus for starting a vegan-themed<br />

publishing company with a mission to raise vegan<br />

awareness. Our connection with our child has made the<br />

bond between non-human animals and their babies<br />

more real and personal for us. When we see a young non<br />

-human animal in an animal use industry, we see them as<br />

we see our own child and it pushes us to try even harder<br />

to make a difference for animals. Our parenthood is a<br />

fundamental part of our veganism.<br />

That is just us, of course, and others will have a<br />

different experience. I'm not trying to suggest that every<br />

vegan should go out there and reproduce, but at the<br />

same time, we should not gloss over the good that can<br />

come from parenting and we should avoid thinking of<br />

vegan babies as some kind of plague for humanity.<br />

Before somebody blurts out "Just adopt!" they should<br />

educate themselves on the difficulties and costs of the<br />

adoption process. I wish this was a more accessible<br />

option and I urge anyone with the inclination and the<br />

means to please do so, but adoption of a human is simply<br />

not the same as saving a companion animal, and I know<br />

of no vegan anti-natalist who has actually adopted a<br />

human child.<br />

Since I've become more vocal against anti-natalism,<br />

I've had several vegan mothers thank me and tell me<br />

stories about how they've been bullied and abused by<br />

others in the community, and how their "friends" have<br />

failed to speak out for them. Many have also described<br />

not feeling safe in the vegan community anymore<br />

because of this. It should go without saying that this is<br />

the opposite of what we should be doing. We should be<br />

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inviting others from various backgrounds and lifestyles<br />

into our movement, including parents.<br />

How are we going to convince others that we're a<br />

social justice movement if we promote violence and<br />

injustice among ourselves? How can we be taken seriously<br />

when we speak out against violence towards non-human<br />

animals while promoting or ignoring abuse towards our<br />

fellow humans? It's time to get serious as a movement and<br />

cut out the oppression, in all of its forms. BV<br />

References:<br />

1 Nargund, G. (2009). Declining birth rate in developed countries:<br />

A radical policy rethink is required. Facts Views Vis Obgyn.<br />

2009; 1(3): 191–193.<br />

2 Park, M. (August 11, 2016). U.S. fertility rate falls to lowest on<br />

record. CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2016/08/11/health/us-lowestfertility-rate/<br />

3 Rossen LM, Osterman MJK, Hamilton BE, Martin JA. (2016).<br />

Quarterly provisional estimates for selected birth indicators,<br />

2014–Quarter 2, 2016. National Center for Health Statistics.<br />

National Vital Statistics System, Vital Statistics Rapid Release<br />

Program.<br />

4 Utley, G. (October 12, 1999). World’s wealthiest 16 percent uses<br />

80 percent of natural resources. CNN. http://www.cnn.com/<br />

US/9910/12/population.cosumption/<br />

5 Global Sisterhood Network (Fall 2006). 10 Reasons to Rethink<br />

“Overpopulation.” http://www.global-sisterhood-network.org/<br />

content/view/1319/59/<br />

In addition to his work<br />

managing <strong>Vegan</strong> Publishers,<br />

Casey Taft is Professor of<br />

Psychiatry at Boston<br />

University School of<br />

Medicine. He is an<br />

internationally recognised and<br />

award-winning researcher in the<br />

areas of trauma and the family. He has published<br />

over 100 journal articles, book chapters, and<br />

scientific reports, and has consulted with the<br />

United Nations on preventing violence and abuse<br />

globally. He sees the prevention of violence<br />

towards animals as a natural extension of this<br />

work. Visit the <strong>Vegan</strong> Publishers website and<br />

connect with them via Facebook and Twitter.<br />


“Parents are often bewildered when their<br />

children who have been raised to hold certain<br />

values, go on to reject those values later in<br />

life. However, there is no insurance policy that<br />

your children will follow your own values, even if<br />

they have been subjected to them throughout<br />

their developing years and seen those values<br />

lived out in the family.<br />

“<strong>Vegan</strong> parents often believe that one of the<br />

biggest contributions they can make to a<br />

creating a vegan world is to raise a child as<br />

vegan. Unfortunately, there is no guarantee that<br />

those children raised as vegans will continue to<br />

be when they grow up.<br />

“It is healthy and essential for children to<br />

develop an increasing autonomy and<br />

independence so they can function effectively in<br />

the world. This independent stance could mean<br />

a child who is raised vegan will reject those<br />

values and see their non-veganism as a form of<br />

independence and defiance. However, upbringing<br />

and culture is a major determinant of how<br />

people behave so fortunately for many children<br />

raised as vegan, they continue to be throughout<br />

their lives.”<br />

- <strong>Vegan</strong> psychologist, Clare Mann<br />

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By Julia Feliz Brueck<br />

I<br />

ncluded with the latest submission to The <strong>Vegan</strong><br />

Craftivist Project was a note that read in part, "I like<br />

the idea of vegan craftivist projects because I want<br />

to feel useful and feel like I am still part of a<br />

movement even though I am physically unable to be part<br />

of a lot of actions. Everyone has something to give in<br />

life."<br />

As the note reminds us, we all have something to give<br />

and we can all speak up for non-humans in whatever way<br />

we can. The <strong>Vegan</strong> Craftivist Project started as a way to<br />

stay active in speaking up for non-humans after my move<br />

to a foreign country where I did not speak the language. I<br />

felt unable to use my voice on behalf of non-human<br />

animals as I did before my move. I was grateful to find an<br />

outlet a few months later when I learned that I could use<br />

my hands to create works that could speak on their own<br />

on issues that I was passionate about. I decided to use<br />

craft as activism within the vegan and animal rights<br />

movement through the collective display of banners<br />

silently yet loudly proclaiming "why vegan" for nonhuman<br />

animals.<br />

Whether you are the only vegan in your area,<br />

unfamiliar with the local language like I was, physically<br />

unable to take part in many actions, or very active in the<br />

vegan movement, the great thing about craftivism is that<br />

vegans from all walks of life can speak up through the<br />

use of their hands.<br />

The term ‘craftivism’ was coined by Betsy Greer with an<br />

aim of speaking up for social justice issues through the<br />

use of craft - knitting, crochet, sewing, and embroidery,<br />

BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 102<br />

for example. Community outreach, making things for<br />

those less fortunate, creating something to protest an<br />

issue, or crafting a piece that delivers a message to the<br />

viewer, all count as craftivism. The <strong>Vegan</strong> Craftivist<br />

Project was the first vegan project to join the craftivist<br />

movement.<br />

With a goal of collecting 100 banners, which will be<br />

sewn together as a large flag and displayed in vegan<br />

venues and demonstrations, world-wide submissions in all<br />

languages from vegans of all crafting skills are welcome to<br />

send in banners. To learn more about vegan craftivism,<br />

the project, and submission guidelines,<br />

visit vegancraftivist.blogspot.ch or join our <strong>Vegan</strong><br />

Craftivist Facebook page. BV<br />

Julia is an American currently<br />

experiencing life in<br />

Switzerland. She has spent<br />

the last decade or so<br />

exploring the world<br />

outside of the US, and on<br />

that journey, while in Ireland, she<br />

discovered ethical veganism. Julia has recently<br />

published her first vegan children’s book ‘Libby<br />

Finds <strong>Vegan</strong> Sanctuary’.

We all have<br />

something to<br />

give and we<br />

can all speak<br />

up for nonhumans<br />

in<br />

whatever way<br />

we can.<br />

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BAREFOOT<strong>Vegan</strong> | 104<br />

By Honey Morris

I<br />

love to craft, it’s a hobby, and a passion, that I have<br />

rediscovered in my thirties. I find crafting to be<br />

surprisingly relaxing, mediative almost, and I spend as<br />

much time channelling my creativity as possible. A lot<br />

of my family and friends are baffled when I talk about vegan<br />

crafting but frustratingly, a lot of crafting materials are nonvegan.<br />

That’s right, a lot of crafting materials contain animal<br />

products and/or animal by-products! Yes, it’s sadly the case<br />

but on a positive note, eco-friendly and vegan crafting<br />

supplies are becoming more and more popular and as a<br />

consequence, retailers are being encouraged to cater for<br />

conscious crafters.<br />

As an example, paint and paint brushes are often nonvegan,<br />

paint commonly contains charred animal bones,<br />

cochineal, ox gall and squid sacs and paint brushes are,<br />

more often than not, made from fur.<br />

Personally, my main craft is crochet, so my key<br />

consideration is wool. I refuse to crochet with any animalbased<br />

wool, the most common of which is sheep’s wool.<br />

The commercial wool industry is profit driven, shearers are<br />

often paid per sheep and consequently, sheep suffer<br />

emotionally and physically as a result of the shearing<br />

process. I also prefer to use eco-friendly wools, with<br />

bamboo and organic cotton being firm favourites.<br />

When I’m crafting, I love to reuse items. I love the<br />

challenge of creating something with items that are<br />

considered “trash”. This is something that a lot of my<br />

family and friends are aware of so they often pass me things<br />

like buttons, corks, fabric scraps, glass jars, ribbon,<br />

wrapping paper, and I especially love to craft them<br />

something with the items they kindly donate.<br />

I was actually introduced to the idea of craftivism when<br />

my family and friends started offering to pay for my<br />

creations. Initially, I felt a little awkward when<br />

discussing potential prices, however, I soon realised<br />

that I was being presented with an opportunity to use<br />

my hobby to raise some much needed funds for not-for<br />

-profit animal rescue organisations.<br />

So, as a craftivist I use my creativity to make a<br />

difference, albeit a small and gentle one. I donate all of<br />

the profits I make from selling items I have crafted<br />

and/or crocheted and excitingly, since mid-2016, I have<br />

donated over $300.00 (AUD).<br />

Recently, I was able to combine my love of crafting<br />

and my love of food by hosting a Christmas<br />

crafternoon tea. I was overwhelmed with how<br />

enthusiastically my friends embraced the crafting<br />

aspect and it was a fantastic opportunity for me to<br />

share some delicious vegan food with them all.<br />

I am looking forward to continuing with my<br />

craftivism in <strong>2017</strong>. I have some exciting ideas for<br />

crochet projects that also raise awareness of important<br />

animal rights issues.<br />

The beginning of a New Year is the perfect time to<br />

introduce a new hobby or like me, rediscover an old<br />

hobby! So, if you’re feeling inspired to channel your<br />

creativity, have a think about what you’d like to do;<br />

jewellery making, crocheting, knitting, quilting,<br />

sewing, card making, scrapbooking, or woodwork! Give<br />

it a go, the possibilities really are endless! BV<br />

Honey is the creator of Veggie Yum Yums, a<br />

friendly vegan Facebook page, and the<br />

Assistant Online Editor of <strong>Barefoot</strong> <strong>Vegan</strong>.<br />

Click here to visit her website.<br />

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