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Drive Rods® - Norris Rods

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Drive Rods ® NORRIS

Engineered performance.

Designed tough.


1” (25,4 mm) Norris Drive Rods

with 7/8” (22,23 mm) fullsize couplings

Tubing size Improvement

2-7/8” (73,0 mm)

3-1/2” (88,9 mm)

3-1/2” (88,9 mm)

1-1/2” (38,1 mm) Norris Drive Rod

37% improvement in flow area when compared against

conventional 1” sucker rods with slimhole couplings.

15% improvement in flow area when compared against

conventional 1” sucker rods with slimhole couplings

and a 36% improvement when compared against

conventional 1” sucker rods with fullsize couplings.

28% improvement in flow area when compared against

conventional 1” sucker rods with slimhole couplings

and a 51% improvement when compared against

conventional 1” sucker rods with fullsize couplings.

The pressure loss across the coupling for a 1” Norris Drive Rod is the

same as a conventional 7/8” sucker rod.

1-1/4” (31,75 mm) Norris Drive Rods

with 1” (25,4 mm) slimhole couplings

Tubing size Improvement

3-1/2” (88,9 mm)

3-1/2” (88,9 mm)

27% improvement in flow area when compared against

conventional 1-1/8” (28,58 mm) sucker rods with

slimhole couplings (special 2.250” (57,15 mm) O.D.).

50% improvement in flow area when compared against

conventional 1-1/8” sucker rods with fullsize couplings

(2.375” (60,33 mm) O.D.).

The pressure loss across the coupling for a 1-1/4” Norris Drive Rod is the

same as a conventional 1” sucker rod.

The pressure loss across the coupling for a 1-1/2” (38,1 mm) Norris Drive Rod

is the same as a conventional 1-1/8” (28,58 mm) sucker rod.


P002-V02-070708 Subject to change without notice.

Norris

Drive Rods ®

Norris offers the latest technology in special application

sucker rods designed for alternate methods in artificial lift.

Norris Drive Rods are specifically designed to meet the torque

requirements of today’s progressing cavity pump systems.

Norris Drive Rod pins are modified from the standard API

design which results in improved pressure loss across the

couplings, when compared with conventional sucker rods,

and the increased pin length greatly increases the torsional

capacity of the Norris Drive Rod connection. Laboratory tests

have shown that Norris Drive Rods, with modified pin

connections and high strength couplings, provide a minimum

50% increase in torque over conventional API sucker rod

thread connections. Norris Drive Rods have improved fatigue

life and wear rates over conventional sucker rods due to less

bending stress concentrated near the connections. Because

Norris Drive Rods are specifically designed for torsional

strength, Norris recommends their use in all PCP applications.

Norris Drive Rods are manufactured from micro-alloyed,

modified special quality hot rolled carbon or alloy steel.

Bar and sucker rod dimensions and tolerances conform to

API Specification 11B, latest edition, and AISI Steel Products

Manual. Unless otherwise noted, Norris Drive Rods are

available in 1 inch (25,4 mm), 1-1/4 inch (31,75 mm) and

1-1/2 inch (38,1 mm) rod body diameters and in 1 ft. (0,3 m),

2 ft. (0,61 m), 4 ft. (1,22 m), 6 ft. (1,83 m), 8 ft. (2,44 m),

10 ft. (3,05 m) and 25 ft. (7,62 m) lengths, product availability

is size and grade dependent.

All rods are straightened and inspected by Eddy Current

for surface defects. Both ends are upset by automatic highspeed

hot forging. Rods are full length normalized to relieve

residual stresses, air-quenched and tempered to refine

and homogenize grain structure, and surface shot-blasted

to remove any remaining heat treat scale. All Drive Rods

are also shotpeened to improve fatigue life. Upset pin

blanks are machined and dimensions gauged. Pin threads

are cold-formed to strengthen the thread from fatigue.

An inhibitor-lubricant is applied to each pin and thread

protector installed. An oil soluble coating protects Norris rods

from atmospheric corrosion in storage. All rods are bundled

to prevent handling damage during transportation to the

well site. Quality control inspections are performed at each

step of the manufacturing process.

Selection Guide

Type 75

Grade

Steel Series

Application

Type 78

Grade

Steel Series

Application

Type 90

Grade

Steel Series

Application

Type 96

Grade

Steel Series

Application

D Special

AISI A-4330-M Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum

Alloy Steel

The Type 75 is alloyed and effectively heat-treated to

maximize its fatigue resistance and improve its corrosion

tolerance in effectively inhibited corrosive fluids.

The Type 75 grade is ideally suited for and recommended

in Progressing Cavity Pump (PCP) applications.

D Alloy

AISI A-4142-M Chromium-Molybdenum Alloy Steel

The Type 78 is alloyed and effectively heat-treated to

maximize its fatigue resistance and improve its

performance in non-corrosive or effectively inhibited

corrosive fluids. The Type 78 grade is recommended

in Progressing Cavity Pump (PCP) applications.

D Special

AISI A-4320-M Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum

Alloy Steel

The Type 90 is alloyed and effectively heat-treated to

maximize its fatigue resistance and improve its corrosion

tolerance in effectively inhibited corrosive fluids.

The Type 90 grade is ideally suited for and recommended

in some Progressing Cavity Pump (PCP) applications.

Special Service High Strength

AISI A-4138-M Chromium-Molybdenum Alloy Steel

The Type 96 is alloyed and effectively heat-treated to

maximize its fatigue resistance and improve its

performance in non-corrosive or effectively inhibited

corrosive fluids. The Type 96 grade can be utilized

in some Progressing Cavity Pump (PCP) applications.


Type 97

Grade

Steel Series

Application

Special Service High Strength

AISI A-4330-M Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum Alloy Steel

The Type 97 is alloyed and effectively heat-treated to maximize its

fatigue resistance and improve its corrosion tolerance in effectively

inhibited corrosive fluids. The Type 97 grade can be utilized

in some Progressing Cavity Pump (PCP) applications.

The selection guide is not intended as design criteria.

Call Norris for specific rod string design recommendations.

Norris Drive Rods ®

NORRIS TYPE 75 78 90 96

AISI Series A-4330-M

Chemical Properties, %

Carbon (C)

Chromium

Manganese

Molybdenum

Nickel

(Cr)

Copper (Cu)

(Mn)

(Mo)

(Ni)

0.3 / 0.34 0.38 / 0.45 0.18 / 0.24 0.38 / 0.42 0.28 / 0.35

0.8 / 1.0 0.8 / 1.1 0.7 / 0.9 0.55 / 0.85 0.7 / 1.0

0.35 Max. 0.35 Max. 0.35 Max. 0.35 Max. 0.35 Max.

0.8 / 1.0 0.8 / 1.0 0.8 / 1.0

1.1 / 1.4

0.7 / 1.0

0.2 / 0.3 0.15 / 0.25

A-4142-M A-4320-M A-4138-M A-4330-M

Aluminum (Al) 0.35 Max. 0.35 Max. 0.35 Max. 0.35 Max.

0.35 Max.

Range

0.2 / 0.3

0.25 / 0.35

1.65 / 1.85 0.45 Max. 1.15 / 1.5

0.3 Max.

1.65 / 2.0

Niobium (Columbium) (Nb) - - - 0.27 / 0.43

-

Phosphorus

Silicon

Sulfur

(P)

(Si)

(S)

0.035 Max.

0.15 / 0.35

0.035 Max.

0.15 / 0.35

0.025 Max.

0.15 / 0.35

0.035 Max.

0.2 / 0.35

0.04 Max. 0.035 Max. 0.025 Max. 0.035 Max. 0.04 Max.

97

0.2 / 0.3

0.035 Max.

0.15 / 0.35

Vanadium (V) 0.04 / 0.09 0.02 / 0.07 0.04 / 0.09 0.45 / 0.65 0.04 / 0.09

Physical Properties

As Normalized & Tempered

Tensile

Yield, 2% Offset

Elongation, 8 inches

Reduction, %

Hardness, HRC

ksi 125 / 140 120 / 140 120 / 140

Mpa

ksi

Mpa

Range

140 / 150 140 / 150

861 / 965 827 / 965 827 / 965 965 / 1 034 965 / 1 034

100 Min. 95 Min. 95 Min. 115 Min. 115 Min.

689 Min. 655 Min. 655 Min. 792 Min. 792 Min.

10 Min. 10 Min. 10 Min. 10 Min. 10 Min.

45 Min. 45 Min. 45 Min. 45 Min. 45 Min.

25 / 31 23 / 31 23 / 31 30 / 34 30 / 34

• The above values are average values and may vary from actual measurements.

• 1 inch (25,4 mm) x 30 ft. (9,14 m) Drive Rods available upon request, size and type dependent.


Pin End Color Code

Maximum Torque Values for Progressing Cavity Pump Applications

Drive

Rod

inches

1

inches

1-1/4

1-1/4

inches

1-1/2

Body

Body

Body

Pin

1 7/8 inch

(25,4m) (22,23 m)

1 1 inch

(25,4m) (25,4m)

1-1/4 1 inch

(31,75 m) (25,4m)

1-1/4 1-1/8 inch

(31,75 m) (28,58 m)

1-1/2 1-1/8 inch

(38,1 m)

(28,58 m)

(mm)

(25,40)

(mm)

(31,75)

(31,75)

(mm)

(38,1)

SIZE

inches

7/8

inches

1

1-1/8

inches

1-1/8

78

Dover

Gray

Pin

Pin

(mm)

(22,23)

Maximum 35,000 lbs (15 568,8 daN) Axial Load

Pin

(mm)

(25,40)

(28,58)

Maximum 50,000 lbs (22 241,1 daN) Axial Load

(mm)

(28,58)

Maximum 80,000 lbs (40 034,0 daN) Axial Load

International

Orange

-

75

78 and 90

Ft-lbs. (Nm)

1,100 (1 491,4)

Ft-lbs. (Nm)

2,000 (2 711,6)

2,000 (2 711,6)

Ft-lbs. (Nm)

3,000 (4 067,5)

Maximum

Ft-lbs. (Nm)

1,110 (1 505,0)

NOTICE

Because Norris drive rods are specifically designed for torsional strength, Norris recommends their use in all PCP applications.

Safety

Red

- - - -

- 75 - 97

- - - -

- 75 - 97

78

78

Safety

Purple

-

Sky Blue/

Safety Purple

-

-

-

97

-

75

75

Ft-lbs. (Nm)

2,100 (2 847,2)

2,100 (2 847,2)

75

Ft-lbs. (Nm)

78

3,150 (4 270,8)

Intl. Yellow/

Safety Purple

-

-

-

-

Intl. Orange/

Safety Purple

96 and 97

Ft-lbs. (Nm)

1,200 (1 627,0)

• Use O’Bannon E106 solid body sucker rod elevators for 1” (25,4 mm) drive rods.

Ft-lbs. (Nm)

2,500 (3 389,5)

2,500 (3 389,5)

• Use O’Bannon E108 solid body elevators for 1-1/4” (31,75 mm) drive rods.

97

Ft-lbs. (Nm)

3,750 (5 084,3)

• Use O’Bannon E109 solid body elevators for 1-1/2” (38,1 mm) drive rods.

75

Engineered performance.

Designed tough.

-

-

-

-

97

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