Conference Program - Sudan Studies Association

sudanstudies.org

Conference Program - Sudan Studies Association

G r e a t e r S u d a n

C r o s s r o a d s t o t h e F u t u r e

Sudan Studies Association

32nd Annual Conference

May 24-26, 2013

University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


Acknowledgments

Sudan Studies Association would like to express its thanks to the University of

Pennsylvania, it’s faculty, staff, and students who came together to make this

meeting exceptional. Our program has been greatly enhanced in many ways by the

contributions of the University of Pennsylvania.

The SSA acknowledges especially the contributions made by UPenn sponsors;

Africa Center, Center for Africana Studies, and Middle East Center.

Special thanks to Dr. Ali Ali-Dinar, the Associate Director of the African Studies

Center and the Local Host of the 32 nd Sudan Studies Association meeting. We also

thank Faye Patterson, the Africa Center Program Coordinator for her work on room

rentals and catering.

Sudan Studies Association would also like to show gratitude to Arizona State University,

SSA’s new home. Special thanks to the School of Social Transformation’s

Director, faculty, staff, and students for their continued support to its conferences.

ASU Conference Team

Dr. Abdullahi Gallab, African and African American Studies/Religious Studies (SSA

President-Elect and Program Chair)

Dr. Souad T. Ali, Head of Classics and Middle East Studies (SSA Board Member)

Egbet Abraha, African and African American Studies/Women and Gender Studies

Undergrad (Program and Conference Coordinating Assistant)

We also thank all our presenters and attendees for supporting SSA, each other, and

the advancement on Sudan Studies.


Sudan Studies Association

32nd Annual Conference

May 24-26, 2013

University of Pennsylvania

http://sudan.shprs.asu.edu


Greater Sudan : Crossroads to the Future

9:00-12:00 Open Registration (2nd Floor, Houston Hall Lobby)

10:00-10:45 Welcome & Opening Remarks (Class of ‘49, 230)

Dr. Ali Ali-Dinar, Local Host

Professor Jeffrey Kallberg, Associate Dean for Arts and Letters,

School of Arts and Sciences

Dr. Lee Cassanelli, Director of Africa Center

Dr. Abdullahi Gallab, Program Chair

Dr. Randall Fegley, President

11:00-12:30 Honoring a Lifetime of Distinguished Scholarship: Dr. Sondra

Hale, University of California, Los Angeles (Class of ‘49, 230)

Running Out of Poems? An Auto- ethnography of Sudan, Part 1

4

Chair: Dr. Souad Ali, Arizona State University

12:30-1:45 Lunch/Board Meeting (Class of ‘49, 230)

2:00-3:30 COnCURRenT SeSSiOn 1

Panel 1: South Sudan’s economy, external Relations, and

Prospects for the Future (Ben Franklin, 218)

Chair: Dr. Benaiah Yongo-Bure, Kettering University (Michigan)

Presenters: Dr. Laura N. Beny, University of Michigan Law School

South Sudan and the EAC – Implications for Sudan-South Sudan

Relations

Dr. Ayok Chol, University of Juba (South Sudan)

The Management of the Financial and Material Resources of South

Sudan: A Case Study of Oil/Customs Revenues and Equitable Land

Use

Dr. Lako Tongun, Pitzer College (California)

Political Economy of Oil and Frontier Capitalism in South Sudan

Friday, May 24, 2013


Friday, May 24, 2013

Panel 2: Sufism, Saints and Shrines (Class of ‘49, 230)

Chair: Dr. Lee Cassanelli, University of Pennsylvania

Presenters: Dr. Neil McHugh, Fort Lewis College (Colorado)

Metropolitan Scholar: al-Amin al-Darir

Katie J. Hickerson, University of Pennsylvania

Saintly Shrines and Statues: Martyrdom and Monumentation

in Sudan

Daisuke Maruyama, Kyoto University (Japan)

Between the Principle and the Practice: The External Policy

of Sufism in Contemporary Sudan

Panel 3: identity, Diaspora and War (Golkin, 223)

Chair: Dr. Mehmet Darakcioglu, University of Pennsylvania

Presenters: Dr. Adam Mahamat, University of Maroua (Cameroon)

Sudanese Diasporas in Chad, Cameroon and Nigeria: Settlements,

Activities and Government Supports

Dr. Abdu Mukhtar Musa, Omdurman Islamic University (Sudan)

Post-conflict State Building: The Case of Sudan(s)

Aly Verjee, Senior Researcher at Rift Valley Institute (UK)

Yellow Fever in Darfur: An Assessment of the 2012 Outbreak

3:45-5:15 Art and Activism in the Sudans (Class of ‘49, 230)

Chair: Anyieth Dawol

Presenters: Azza Satti, Curator

Sudan at the Referendum research exhibition

Elshafei Dafalla, MFA, Artist and Human Rights Activist

Harbor: Civilians in Sudan Conflict

Khalid Kodi, Boston College and Massachusetts College of Art

and Design of Fine Art

Sand and Salt and Other Stories

5:30-7:00 Reception (Class of ‘49, 230)

Friday, May 24, 2013

5


Greater Sudan : Crossroads to the Future

9:00-10:30 COnCURRenT SeSSiOn 2

6

Panel 4: The Roots of Conflict in the Sudans (Bennett 13)

Chair: Dr. Jay O’Brien, Purdue University (Indiana)

Presenters: Marc J. Cohen, Oxfam America/Johns Hopkins

University (Maryland) and Abdel Monium K. Osman, Tufts

University (Massachusetts)

Agricultural Change, Land, and Violence in Darfur

Noah Gottschalk, Oxfam America

Cattle Raids and AK-47s: How an International Arms Trade Treaty

Can Help Reduce Violence in South Sudan

Omayma Gutbi, Oxfam America

Gender, Displacement, and Livelihoods in Darfur

Gordon Lam, Oxfam Great Britain

Reforming the Security System in South Sudan

Panel 5: Violence, Security, nation, and State Building

(Bennett 15)

Chair: Dr. Lako Tongun, Pitzer College (California)

Presenters: Dr. Christopher Zambakari, Northeastern University,

Boston

Political Violence, Citizenship, and Democratic Nation-Building in

South Sudan

Michelle Legassicke, University of Waterloo (Canada)

Cyclical Violence in Jonglei State: The Deadly Shift in the Practice

of Cattle Raiding

Naomi Pendle, London School of Economics (United Kingdom)

“They are now Community Police and not titweng”: Contesting The

Legitimacy to Use Violence in South Sudan Through The

Renegotiation of Identity of Non-State Security Providers

Saturday, May 25, 2013


Panel 6: Using Organizational Risk Assessment (ORA)

Software to Study Sudan Networks and Conflicts

(Bennett 419)

Chair: Aly Verjee, Senior Researcher at Rift Valley Institute

Presenters: Dr. Kevin DeJesus, Rhode Island College and MURI

Project

Al-Qaeda in Darfur: Dynamic Network Analysis and the Exploration

of an Under-explained Presence of Shadowy Terror Networks

in Darfur

Dr. Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban, Rhode Island College and MURI

Project

Islamist Networks in Sudan: International Connections from the

Maghreb to Malaysia

Dr. Richard Lobban, Rhode Island College and MURI Project,

Using ORA Modeling to Understand the Intersection of Conflicts

in Sudan and Across the Sahel

Chuck Galli, Temple University (Pennsylvania) and MURI Project,

Islamism and Conflict in the Sahel: How Networks, Ideologies, and

Interests Can Create and Diffuse Violence

10:45-12:15 COnCURRenT SeSSiOn 3

Saturday, May 25, 2013

Panel 7: Politics of Violence and Torture (Bennett 13)

Chair: Dr. Sondra Hale, University of California, Los Angeles

Presenters: Dr. Mohamed Ibrahim, Scholars at Risk, New York

University

Truth Medicines: One Option to Stop Torture?

Al-Shafie Mohamed

Saturday, May 25, 2013

7


Greater Sudan : Crossroads to the Future

12:30-1:30 Lunch

8

Panel 8: imagining of a new nation: How identity and Daily

Practices are Renegotiated and Recreated (Bennett 419)

Chair: Dr. Ellen Gruenbaum, Purdue University (Indiana)

Presenters: MaryBeth Chrostowsky, University of Kentucky

Asylum’s Role in the Future of South Sudan: Tensions Between

Formal Education, Pastoralism, and Agricultural Production.

Christian Oyat Doll, University of California, Davis

“Then We Will Benefit”: Utopic Imaginings and the Enactment of

Sovereignty in Ramciel, South Sudan

Brendan Tuttle, Temple University of Kentucky

Don’t Let the Leader Touch the Ground: Childhood and the

Heaviness of Rule in Bor, South Sudan.

Sheila D. Vinton, University of Kentucky

Food and Transnationalism in the Sudanese Diaspora

Panel 9: Gender Relations and Humanitarian Aid (Bennett 15)

Chair: Dr. Christopher Zambakari, Northeastern University, Boston

Presenters: Dr. Nada Mustafa Ali, Clark University

Borders, Bridges and Cross Roads: Interrogating ‘Outstanding

Post-Referendum Issues’ Between Sudan and South Sudan from a

Women and Gender’s Perspective

Sarah Cleto Rial

Building Pathways to Sustainable Peace in Sudan and South

Sudan: The Case of Sisterhood for Peace Initiative of My Sister’s

Keeper

Soledad Herrero, John Hopkins University (Washington DC)

Dilemmas of Humanitarian Assistance: Lessons From Sudan

1:30-2:30 Meet the Author: Dr. Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban (Bennett 419)

Shari’a and Islamism in Sudan: Conflict, Law and Social Transformation

Chair: Dr. Ismail H. Abdalla, College of William and Mary (Virginia)

Saturday, May 25, 2013


2:45-4:15 COnCURRenT SeSSiOn 4

Saturday, May 25, 2013

Panel 10: Darfur, 10 Years On: news and Views

(Bennet 13)

Chair: Dr. Eve Troutt-Powell, University of Pennsylvania

Presenters: Dr. Anne Bartlett, University of San Francisco

Darfur 10 Years On: A Changing Landscape of Conflict?

Ahmed H. Adam, Columbia University

Darfur Peace Processes: What Went Wrong? A View of an Insider

Mohamed H. El-kareem, University of Sharjah (United Arab

Emirates)

TV News Coverage of the Conflict and Crisis in Darfur: A

Comparative Content Analysis of ALJAZEERA, CNN, and

SUDAN TV

Panel 11: Mutual Coexistence and Border Relations

(Bennet 15)

Chair: Dr. Laura N. Beny, University of Michigan Law School

Presenters: Dr. Benaiah Yongo-Bure, Kettering University

(Michigan)

Abyei and Border Settlements and Future Relations between the

Two Sudans

William Pay Tuoy-Giel, Sudanese Community Association of

Arizona

The Need for Peaceful Co-existence between the Two Sudans

“A Citizen Perspective”

Sara de Simone, Università degli Studi di Napoli l’Orientale (Italy)

Internal Borders and Community Disputes among Unity State

Counties

Saturday, May 25, 2013

9


Greater Sudan : Crossroads to the Future

4:30-5:00 Break

10

Panel 12: Secularism, Shari’a and Social Movements

(Bennet 419)

Chair: Dr. Ali Ali-Dinar, University of Pennsylvania

Presenters: Dr. Mahgoub El-Tigani Mahmoud, Tennessee State

University,

Secularism and Shari’a Challenges before a Crossroads Sudan

Dr. Jay O’Brien and Dr. Ellen Gruenbaum, Purdue University

(Indiana)

Stories of Sudan: Why Narratives Matter

Yuko Tobinai, Sophia University (Japan)

A Study of the Revival Movement in Greater Sudan: From the

Perspective of the Kuku’s Migration

5:00-7:30 Keynote Address by Jon Temin and Dinner Banquet

(South America Room)

Why was Sudan’s 2011 Referendum Peaceful, and What Does

it Mean for the Two Countries Today?

Chair: Dr. Randall Fegley, Pennsylvania State University

The SSA Bulletin is entering its 32nd year as the major means of

communication and dissemination of scholarly articles with our

membership. With the current issue, which we have recently sent out,

SSA Bulletin enters a new era, beginning the eventual shift to mainly

online distribution of the Bulletin. This issue begins the period of this

transition and we ask you to contribute to the Bulletin by sending

to the Editor, Dr. Carolyn Fleuhr-Lobban, your articles, letters, and

suggestions. Contact: cfluehr@ric.edu

‘‘

Saturday, May 25, 2013


Saturday, May 25, 2013

Keynote Speaker: Jon Temin, Director of South and South Sudan Program,

United States institute of Peace

Jon Temin is the director of the United States Institute of Peace's Horn of Africa

program, which focuses on helping to end Sudan, South Sudan and Somalia’s

multiple conflicts and prevent new violence. Mr. Temin also follows developments

elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa, with a current focus on Mali. He travels to Sudan,

South Sudan, and other countries in the region frequently to assess developments

and meet with government officials, civil society leaders and diplomats. Mr. Temin’s

commentary on Africa issues has been featured by, among other outlets, the BBC,

Al Jazeera, The Washington Post, ForeignPolicy.com, Voice of America and National

Public Radio. He has also testified before the US Senate Committee on Foreign

Relations on Sudan and South Sudan.

Prior to joining USIP in January 2009, Mr. Temin spent

five years with the non-governmental organization

CHF International designing development and peacebuilding

programs throughout Africa and elsewhere.

He has working experience in more than a dozen

countries across Africa, Latin America and Eastern

Europe. Mr. Temin is the author of numerous articles

focusing on Africa, conflict and governance which

have appeared in, among other publications, African

Affairs, Review of African Political Economy, Journal of

Peacebuilding and Development, and the Georgetown

Journal of International Affairs. He has also authored

multiple reports for USIP. Mr. Temin holds a B.A. from Swarthmore College and an

M.A. in International Relations from The Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced

International Studies. He is a former Fulbright Fellow in Ghana, where he

worked with the Ghana Center for Democratic Development on monitoring media

coverage of the 2000 elections.

USIP is the independent, nonpartisan conflict management

center created by Congress to prevent and mitigate international

conflict without resorting to violence. USIP works

to save lives, increase the government’s ability to deal with

conflicts before they escalate, reduce government costs, and

enhance our national security.

Saturday, May 25, 2013

11


Greater Sudan : Crossroads to the Future

8:00-9:30 COnCURRenT SeSSiOn 5

Panel 13: elites, Jallaba and identity (Ben Franklin, 218)

Chair: Dr. Bakry Eljack, University of Delaware

Presenters: Dr. Hafiz Ahmed Abdalla Ibrahim

Economic Elites and Financial Networks in a Globalized World:

Interplay of Social, Political and Financial Influence in Sudan’s

Modern Economy

Dr. Ali B. Ali-Dinar, University of Pennsylvania

Incarnating an “Arab”, “Abbasid” and “J’aali” Identity: Captivity in

Omdurman and its Impact on Sultan Ali Dinar of Darfur, 1894-1916

Terence Walz, Independent Scholar

Asyut and the Darfur Jallaba

Panel 14: Sudan and its neighbors (Class of ‘49, 230)

Chair: Dr. Mahgoub El-Tigani Mahmoud, Tennessee State

University

Presenters: Mohamed Yasin Khalifa, Harvard University

ICC Languages Policy: Indigenous Indiscipline in Darfur Case

Dr. Belete Belachew Yihun, Jimma University (Ethiopia)

A Relation Shrouded in Mistrust: What the Future Holds for Ethiopia

and Sudan?

Lourdes Patricia Iñiguez-Torres, El Colegio de México (Mexico)

Republic of Sudan and Egypt on the Nile: National Challenges in

the Context of the Arab Spring

Panel 15: new Discoveries in Sudanese Archaeology

(Golkin, 223)

Dr. Richard Lobban

12 Sunday, May 26, 2013


10:00-11:30 COnCURRenT SeSSiOn 6

Panel 16: Countries of the Horn: Politics and Security

(Golkin, 223)

Chair: Dr. Carolyn Fleuhr-Lobban

Presenters: Dr. Ayok Chol, University of Juba (South Sudan)

The Growth of the Roots of Internal Conflicts in South Sudan: Their

Current Manifestations and Suggested Way Forward

Marco Boggero, John Hopkins University (Washington DC)

Dynamics of Private Security in Weak States: Sudan and Somalia

Dr. El-Shafie Mohamed El-Mekki, University of Khartoum (Sudan)

Sudan ̶ West Relations: How Expediency and Interests had the

Upper Hand Over Principles and Values in International Politics?

Panel 17: Development, its Debates and Consequences

(Ben Franklin, 218)

Chair: Dr. Izzeldin Bakhit, Stayer University

Sunday, May 26, 2013

Presenters: Tarig Mustafa M. Ali, Gender and Peace Program

Manager Norwegian Church Aid - Sudan

Facilitating Social Change Through the Use of (Community

Capacity Enhancement - Through Community Conversation)

Nisrin Elamin, Stanford University (California)

Agricultural Dreams and Denials: Examining the Rhetoric and

Politics of Large-scale Land Acquisitions in Sudan

Tamer Abd El-kreem, University of Bayreuth (Germany)

Demystifying the Dams’ Regime in Sudan: Sudan Needs to Build

Trust before Building a Dam

Sunday, May 26, 2013

13


Greater Sudan : Crossroads to the Future

14

Panel 18: Past and Contemporary Aspects of Gender and

ethnicity (Class of ‘49, 230)

Chair: Dr. Abdel Rahman Ibrahim, Boston Theological Institute

Presenters: Dr. Ismail H. Abdalla, College of William and Mary

(Virginia)

Concept of time Among the Hamar people of Western Kordofan

Dr. Souad T. Ali, Arizona State University

The Complexity of Sudanese Identity in Buthaina Khidr Mekki’s

Writing: A Study of Hujul Min Shawk

Mohamed K. Khalil, Freelance Linguist, Nubian Language Society

(NLS) and Shadia Abdo Rabo, Archaeologist and Curator

Archaeological Evidence of Feminine ornaments and Their

Continuation in the Contemporary Nubian Cultures of Today

11:45-1:00 Presidential Address and Lunch Banquet (Bodek Lounge, 100)

Dr. Randall Fegley, Pennsylvania State University

Chair: Dr. Abdullahi Gallab, Arizona State University

1:15-2:45 COnCURRenT SeSSiOn 7

Panel 19: Political ideologies, Dictatorship, and State

institutions (Ben Franklin, 218)

Chair: Dr. Abdel Magid Bob, Independent Scholar

Presenters: Dr. Izzeldin Bakhit, Strayer University (Virginia)

The Sudanese Political Predicament and the Lack of Evolution

of Political Institutions in Sudan

Dr. Mohamed Elmahdi Bushra, University of Khartoum (Sudan)

The Contemporary Novel: A Chronicle of Collapse

Dr. Abdel Rahman Ibrahim, Boston Theological Institute

Use of Ideological Analysis to Understand Underdevelopment and

Dictatorship in the Sudan

Sunday, May 26, 2013


Panel 20: On Liberation (Class of ‘49, 230)

Sunday, May 26, 2013

Chair: Dr. Anne Bartlett, University of San Francisco

Presenters: Dr. Bakry Eljack, University of Delaware

What Lessons could Sudanese Activists Learn from the Arab

Spring?

Dr. Anita Fábos, Clark University (Massachusetts)

Mapping Identity Through Sound: Sudanese Music in the Diaspora

Dr. Ellen Gruenbaum, Purdue University (Indiana)

Silence and Non-silence on Female Circumcision: Sondra Hale’s

‘Ethnographic Residuals’ and Feminist Struggles

Panel 21: Self-determination, Liberation Struggle, and

Collective Memories (Golkin, 223)

Chair: William Pay Tuoy-Giel, Sudanese Community Association

of Arizona

Presenters: Christopher Tounsel, University of Michigan

‘Ye are a Chosen People’: Biblical Rhetoric and National Liberation

in Southern Sudan, 1955-1967

Tarnjeet Kaur Kang, University of Illinois

A Proposal for a Community Self- Determination Framework

in South Sudan

Margret Otto

“Two Countries – Two Memories?” Constructions of Individual and

Collective Memories in Sudan and South Sudan New Border –

New Countries?

3:00-4:15 Sudan: Whither (Round Table in Arabic) (Class of ‘49, 230)

Chair: Hashim M. Salih

Presenters: Dr. Abdel Magid Bob

Sidiq Abdelhadi

Ahmed H. Adam

Ahmed Adam

Shaza Bella

Salah Shoaib

Sunday, May 26, 2013

15


Greater Sudan : Crossroads to the Future

4:30-5:15 Business Meeting (Class of ‘49, 230)

5:15-7:45 Sudanese Musical night, Organized by Philadelphia

Community (Class of ‘49, 230)

*Art Exhibits by Khalid Kodi and Al-Shafie Mohamid will be available for viewing

throughout the duration of the Conference.

Notes

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

16

Sunday, May 26, 2013


__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________


__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________


First and third day’s

events will be held in

Houston Hall’s Second

Floor in the Benjamin

Franklin, Class of ‘49,

and Golkin rooms.

Most events of the

second day will be

held in Fisher-Bennett

Halls’ Rooms 13, 15,

and 419.

The keynote dinner

of the second day will

be held at the International

House’s South

America Room.


Greater Sudan received an extra amount of attention during the last half century

in public political circles and from scholarly actors. Part of that attention reflects and

campaigns the relationship between the theories and ijtihad of academic pursuit, the

phenomenon of post-colonial world, and the complexity of realities and challenges

of post-colonial discourses, concerns, and for producing a better world. Building

upon serious scholarly studies, Sudanese conversations, debates and dialogues of

past events in addition to forums, and conferences, many scholars, politicians and

intellectual workers continued to reflect on which ways the greater Sudan would go.

This conference is an attempt to look even deeper into this phenomenon by examining

the intersections between past present and future of greater Sudan. As we said

last year, we will say this year also, that Sudan Studies Association, in its second

conference after the split of the country into two Sudans, welcomes the opportunity

to initiate the future of Sudan studies by revisiting this gigantic corpus of existing

knowledge, and by being the primary academic forum for scholars to share their

latest work in the field of Greater Sudan Studies. The Greater Sudan experience and

its developments have not just encouraged studies of the past of this greater human

experience; they also open the door wider to scholars from all disciplines, intellectuals

and knowledge workers the possibility of arriving at a new, and more refined,

understanding of Greater Sudan, its people, human experience, institutions of power

and their entanglements with time, place and the world.

Former Sudan Studies Association Presidents

1981-82 Richard A. Lobban

1982-83 Ahmed El-Bashir

1983-84 James Hudson

1984-85 C. Fluehr-Lobban

1985-86 David Sconyers

1986-87 James Sultan

1987-88 Jay Spaulding

1988-89 Ismail Abdallah

1989-90 Constance Berkley

1990-91 C. Fluehr-Lobban

1991-92 Milton Coughenour

Contact:

SSA Program Chair Abdullahi Gallab

School of Social Transformation

TEL: (330) 554-3693 | email: Abdullahi.Gallab@asu.edu

http://sudan.shprs.asu.edu/

1992-94 M I Shoush

1994-96 Nelson Kasfir

1996-98 Ahmed El-Bashir

1998-00 Ann Lesch

2000-02 Abdallahi Ali Ibrahim

2003-05 Michael Kevane

2005-07 Ali B. Ali Dinar

2007-09 Beniah Yongo-Bure

2009-2011 Stephanie Beswick

2011-2013 Randall Fegley, current

2013-2015 Abdullahi Gallab

Similar magazines