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4 years ago

# n ypy

n ypy

## The binomial

The binomial distribution can have many different shapes. But notice that in all cases the probabilities add up to 1 (you can check this yourself if you wish). We’re saying: n ∑ j=1 n p j j n− 1− p j = 1 Notice also that the parameters for the binomial are n and p. If you know the parameters, you know what the binomial looks like. 3. The normal distribution The importance of the normal distribution to statistics can not be overemphasized. The Germans even put this on the old 10DM bill! Sometimes also known as the Gaussian distribution. So what is it? f y = 1 2 1 2 y− 2 e− Good! Now you know everything, right? Seriously, here are a couple of examples from your text:

Here's an example from a different text where μ = .38 mm, σ = .03 mm (examining the thickness of eggshells in hens) Note: the curve peaks at the mean, and the inflection (direction of the curve) changes at ± σ. We can also use this to calculate probabilities (more soon) Notice too, that the parameters for the normal distribution are μ and σ. If I know what these are, I know what my normal distribution looks like. If we add up all the possible outcomes (e.g., all possible egg shell thicknesses), we should get every possible outcome. In other words, somehow all probabilities should add up to 1. But this is a continuous distribution, so that's not quite as obvious. 4. Summarizing properties of distributions: 1) a) if Y is discrete, then the probabilities for all possible values will add up to one. b) if Y is continuous, then the area under the curve formed by our distribution will add up to one (more in a moment) 2) the shape of a distribution can vary based on the parameters.

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