TEAM BRIEFING - ADS-B for General Aviation

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TEAM BRIEFING - ADS-B for General Aviation

ADS-B

AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVIELLANCE –

BROADCAST

Presented By

Tod Lanham

JUNE 30, 2012


TERMS

ADS-B

ADS-B

ADS-R

DIVERSITY

1090ES

UAT

OUT

IN

(not required)


ADS-B

The simple picture


ADS-B

The Complex Picture


ADS-B

• WHEN IS IT MANDATORY

– January 1, 2020

• SO WHY ARE WE DISCUSSING

THIS?

–It’s available today in some areas


Today


ADS-B

ADS-B has multiply parts

ADS-B Out mandatory by January 1, 2020

ADS-B In ?? January 1, 2020 beneficial to

pilots

ADS-R Is the rebroadcast of information

ADS-B has two different formats

– 1090 ES (1090MHz)

– UAT (978MHz) US airspace only


ADS-B

OUT

• WHAT Does it tell ATC

– Aircraft Identification

– Heading

– Position (GPS WAAS derived accuracy)

– Altitude (Single source mode-c required)

– Velocity

– Climb/Descent


ADS-B

IN

• WHAT Does it give the pilot

– 1090 ES (1090MHz)

• TIS-B (Traffic Information Services-Broadcast)

– UAT (978MHz) US airspace only

• TIS-B (Traffic Information Services-Broadcast)

• FIS-B (Flight Information Services-Broadcast)


ADS-B

IN

• TIS vs TIS-B vs TAS vs TCAD vs TCAS

– TIS, TIS-B, TAS, TCAD, and TCAS all operate

on the frequency of 1090MHz the same as your

transponder

– RADAR interrogates your transponder on the

frequency of 1030MHz

– TCAS Version 7.1 will support ADS-B


ADS-B

IN

– FIS-B (Flight Information Services-Broadcast)

Aviation Routine Weather Reports (METARs)

• Non-Routine Aviation Weather Reports (SPECIs)

• Terminal Area Forecasts (TAFs) and their amendments

• NEXRAD (regional and CONUS) precipitation maps

• Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) Distant and Flight Data Center

• Airmen’s Meteorological Conditions (AIRMET)

• Significant Meteorological Conditions (SIGMET) and Convective SIGMET

• Status of Special Use Airspace (SUA)

• Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs)

• Winds and Temperatures Aloft

• Pilot Reports (PIREPS)

• TIS-B service status.


FIS-B

compared to

XM Weather


FIS-B Aviator LT Aviator Aviator Pro

Cost Free $34.99 $54.99 $99.99

NEXRAD X X X X

RADAR CANADA CANADA

RADAR

COVERAGE

Precipitation

Type at Surf

X X X

X X X

City Forecast X X X

TFRs X X X X

METARs X X X X

TAFs X X X X

County

Warnings

Canadian WX

Warnings

NOTAMs

SUA

X

X

X X X

X

X


FIS-B Aviator LT Aviator Aviator Pro

Cost Free $34.99 $54.99 $99.99

Winds Aloft X X

Lighting X X

AIRMETS X X X

SIGMETS X X X

ECHO TOPS X X

FREEZING

LEVEL

SEVERE WX

STORM

TRACKS

SURFACE

ANALYSIS

WX MAPS

SATELLITE

MOSIAC

AIREPS X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X


FIS-B Aviator LT Aviator Aviator Pro

Cost Free $34.99 $54.99 $99.99

PIREPS X X X

SPC AVIATION

WX WATCHES

TUBULENCE

CURRENT

ICING PROD.

SUPERCOOLE

D LARGE

BROPLETS

SPC DAY ONE

CONVECTIVE

OUTLOOK

SPC

MESOSCALE

DISCUSSION

VISIBILITY

HURRICANE

TRACK

TIS-B STATUS

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X


Where is ADS-B Required


Where will ADS-B REQUIRED


Should I Upgrade to ADS-B

Today?

• Probably not

• Uncertainty of ADS-B IN

• Lack of competitive pricing

• If You Are Going To upgrade Your Panel

• Think Smart – Plan For the Future?

• GPS WASS

• Glass Panel

• What is the Manufactures ADS-B

Upgrade Strategy

• UAT 978MHz or 1090ES

• What did I do?


Fact / Fiction / Rumor

• Satellite Based System

• Portables

• Reduce Separation

• Reduce Delays

• IFR

• WAM – Wide Area Multilateration

• NO MORE RADAR

• Europe

• Canada


ERROR IN RADAR BEFORE

NEXT SWEEP

AIRCRAFT

SPEED

Terminal RADAR

10 RPM

Sweep every 6 Seconds

120 1013 2430

150 1266 3038

180 1519 3646

200 1688 4051

210 1772 4253

250 2110 5063

300 2532 6076

400 3376 8101

Enroute RADAR

6 RPM

Sweep every 13

Seconds


Related Articles

• June 2012 AOPA PILOT

– Welcome to the Future by Ian Twomby pg.86

• Avweb Insider April 28, 2010

– Paying the Price of ADS-B by Paul K. Sanchez


WHO ARE THE BIG PLAYERS

• GARMIN

TODAY?

– GTX-33 GTX330 (1090MHz)

– GDL-90 (978MHz transceiver)

• FREEFLIGHT SYSTEMS

• NavWorx

- ADS600B (978MHz transceiver non TSO)

- AVIDYNE

• TRIG

– TT22 TT31 (1090MHz)

– TA-60 Series ADS-B Receiver (1090MHz)


www.faa.gov/nextgen/implementation/media/NextGen_Implementation_Plan_2012

.pdf


Informational Links

google ADS-B and go searching!


Reference Material

• FAR 91.225

• FAR 91.227

• AC 20.165

• AC90 ADSB

• TSO – C166B

• TSO – C154C

• HR 658

• GAO – 12-223 February 16, 2012


NOTES & QUESTIONS

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