Native Education 101: Basic Facts about American Indian, Alaska

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Native Education 101: Basic Facts about American Indian, Alaska

Native Education 101:

Basic Facts about American Indian,

Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian Education


Native Education 101:

Basic Facts about American Indian,

Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian Education

Contents

Demographics...........................................................................3

Reservations and Native Lands Map ...................................8

Important Community Issues and Concepts....................10

Educational Issues for Native Students.............................11

Types of Schools for Native Students................................12

Indian Education Legislation and

Executive Orders ....................................................................14

Frequently Asked Questions about Indians.....................19

Native Organizations to Know ...........................................23

1


Keeping our

Commitment to

American Indians,

Alaska Natives, and

Native Hawaiians.

Published by the National Indian Education Association in

partnership with the National Education Association.

2


Demographics



























3


Demographics

(continued)























4


Demographics

(continued)


















5


6

Reservations and Native Lands


Important Community Issues and

Concepts




























8


Educational Issues for

Native Students



























9


Types of Schools for Native Students

Public Schools on Tribal Lands







Bureau of Indian Affairs Schools















10

BIE Operated Schools


Types of Schools for Native Students

(continued)

Tribal Contract or Grant Schools






Tribally Controlled Community Colleges




11


Indian Education Legislation and

Executive Orders

Johnson-O’Malley (JOM) Act (1934):




PL 81-874 (1958):



Special Senate Subcommittee on Indian Education (1969):





Indian Education Act (1972):





PL 93-380 (1974):


12


Indian Education Legislation and

Executive Orders

(continued)

Tribally Controlled Community College Assistance Act of

1978,







PL 100-297 (1988):



Native Hawaiian Education Act (1988):




Native American Languages Act, PL 101-477(1990):







13


Indian Education Legislation and

Executive Orders

(continued)

PL 102-524 (1992):




PL 103-382 (1994):





Alaska Native Educational Equity, Support, and Assistance

Act (1994):










Executive Order on Tribal Colleges and Universities




14


Indian Education Legislation and

Executive Orders

(continued)







President’s Executive Order on Indian Education (2000):





PL 107-110 Indian Education (2001):






President’s Executive Order on American Indian and Alaska

Native Education, No. 13336 (2004):





15


Indian Education Legislation and

Executive Orders

(continued)

Esther Martinez Native American Languages Act, PL 109-

394 (2006):



Head Start Act (1965):



16


Frequently Asked Questions about Indians

What is federal recognition









What is the trust responsibility








What is the government-to-government relationship








Source: National Congress of American Indians, Indian Country 101

17


Frequently Asked Questions about Indians

(continued)


















18















Source: National Congress of American Indians, Indian Country 101


Frequently Asked Questions about Indians

(continued)
































Source: National Congress of American Indians, Indian Country 101

19


Frequently Asked Questions about Indians

(continued)


























20

Source: National Congress of American Indians, Indian Country 101


Native Organizations to Know

National Indian Education Association





United South and Eastern Tribes, Inc.





American Indian Higher Education Consortium






National Congress of American Indians












National Indian Impacted Schools Association







21


Native Organizations to Know

(continued)

National Indian School Board Association






American Indian Graduate Center







National Johnson O’Malley Association







Native Hawaiian Education Association




Native Hawaiian Education Council


Alaska Federation of Natives







22


Notes

23


24

Notes


1201 16th Street, N.W.

Minority Community Outreach

Washington, DC 20036

09.07.82937.KC

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