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general information on plasma cutting - SPT Plasmateknik AB

general information on plasma cutting - SPT Plasmateknik AB

general information on plasma cutting - SPT Plasmateknik

GENERAL INFORMATION ON PLASMA CUTTINGWith exception of the systems that have built-in compressors (SPARCIN 5C/,8C,9C), all SPTPlasmateknik AB manufactured plasma cutting systems with water cooled torch have fullmulti-gas capability.When using technical gases, a pressure regulator as opposed to a flow regulator must be fittedto the gas cylinder. The use of flow regulators may lead to ignition problems and torchmalfunction.This chapter also describes in ong>generalong> how to optimise cutting quality and consumablelifetime.When to use technical gasMild steelMild steel is cut with good quality using air as plasma generating gas. In some applicationshowever, when better cut quality is desired, pure oxygen can be used as plasma generatinggas.In order to reach an acceptable lifetime of the electrode there are specially designed electrodesfor this purpose. For low power cutting (40A), use the Hi-Power oxygen electrode.When cutting with oxygen the consumable lifetime is shorter than with air.Stainless steelMost types of stainless steel are cut with good result with air as plasma generating gas. Theweldability of the kerf however may be improved by using a technical gas.Using pure nitrogen as plasma generating gas you can reduce the amount of chrome-oxide inthe kerf. When cutting with nitrogen, the gas electrode as well as the air electrode may beused.To further improve the kerf quality, a mixture of 10% hydrogen in nitrogen (NH10) may beused. Since this mixture contains hydrogen a tendency to develop dross may occur. This canbe minimised if not eliminated by very precisely adjusting cutting parameters as speed,distance, gas flow, nozzle size, process power etc. When cutting with NH10 the gas electrodeas well as the air electrode may be used.AluminiumThere are a great number of different aluminium alloys available. Most of them are cutwithout dross and with high speed using air as plasma generating gas. The aluminium-oxidein the kerf may reduce the weldability of the cut.To reduce the aluminium-oxide a gas mixture of 10% hydrogen in nitrogen (NH10) may beused. When cutting with NH10 the gas electrode as well as the air electrode may be used.To further reduce the aluminium oxide a mixture of 35% hydrogen in argon (AH35) may beused. When cutting with AH35 the gas electrode must be used.Note that when cutting with AH35 it may be necessary to use a nozzle with a bigger orifice toprevent double arcing.2012-08-28

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