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Hooray for Hollywood the Sequel - American Philatelic Society

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<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Music & Color; The Glamour YearsMovie MakersWalt Disney (1968)6¢ • Scott 1355Alfred Hitchcock (1998)Legends of<strong>Hollywood</strong> series32¢ • Scott 3226Innovations & Making It All HappenDrive-in Movies (1999)Celebrate <strong>the</strong> Century 1950s33¢ • Scott 3187i


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Innovations & MakingIt All Happen<strong>American</strong> Filmmaking: Behind <strong>the</strong> ScenesScott 3772a-ja. Screenwriting — The “blueprint” <strong>for</strong> every movie is itsscript. The stamp design shows a segment of <strong>the</strong> closinglines spoken by Scarlett O’Hara in Gone With <strong>the</strong> Wind.b. Directing — A great director, such as John Cassavetesshown framing a shot, leaves his personal imprint onevery film.c. Costume Design — Costumes make <strong>the</strong> man, or woman,in <strong>the</strong> movies as well as in real life. The inspireddesigners such as Edith Head, shown with a designboard, can tell as much of <strong>the</strong> story as <strong>the</strong> writers.d. Music — Ever since <strong>the</strong> era of <strong>the</strong> silent films music hasbeen used to set <strong>the</strong> mood and heighten atmosphere(think Psycho or Jaws). Shown is <strong>the</strong> hand of legendarycomposer Max Steiner working on score.e. Makeup — Makeup can trans<strong>for</strong>m a well-known actor intoan unrecognizable character. Pioneering makeup artistJack Pierce was responsible <strong>for</strong> recreating Boris Karloffas Frankenstein’s monster.f. Art Direction — The art director is responsible <strong>for</strong>creating a believable visual movie world. Shown is PerryFerguson working on sketch <strong>for</strong> Citizen Kane.g. Cinematography — Translating what <strong>the</strong> human eyesees through <strong>the</strong> camera lens into <strong>the</strong> vision created onfilm is <strong>the</strong> art of cinematography. Shown is Paul Hill,assistant cameraman <strong>for</strong> Nagana.h. Film Editing — Taking <strong>the</strong> puzzle pieces of <strong>the</strong> originalraw footage and putting it toge<strong>the</strong>r into a final picture is<strong>the</strong> responsibility of <strong>the</strong> film editor. Shown is J. WatsonWebb editing The Razor’s Edge.i. Special Effects — Some of <strong>the</strong> most magical moments in<strong>the</strong> movies, such as <strong>the</strong> tornado in The Wizard of Oz or<strong>the</strong> sinking of <strong>the</strong> Titanic, have been created by a specialeffects team. Mark Siegel is shown working on a model<strong>for</strong> E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial.j. Sound — One of <strong>the</strong> most complex components of moviemaking is creating a soundtrack where dialogue,sound effects, and background music blend seamlesslytoge<strong>the</strong>r. Shown is Gary Summers working on a controlpanel.


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Innovations & Making It All Happen<strong>American</strong> Filmmaking: Behind <strong>the</strong> Scenes (2003) 37¢ • Scott 3772a-j


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Movie MusicMax Steiner (1888–1971)<strong>American</strong> Music: <strong>Hollywood</strong>Composers • Scott 3339The Austrian composer graduated from<strong>the</strong> Imperial Academy of Music at age13 and went on to study under GustavMahler. While still in his teens he wasearning a living as a composer <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong>concert hall, <strong>the</strong>aters, and vaudeville.He moved to America, first workingas a popular composer-conductor <strong>for</strong>Broadway be<strong>for</strong>e joining <strong>the</strong> move westto <strong>Hollywood</strong>. Steiner was one of <strong>the</strong> firstto integrate music with characters andindividual scenes. He created hundreds ofmovie scores, many of <strong>the</strong>m now part of<strong>the</strong> classic movie repertoire, such as KingKong (1933), Little Women (1933, reusedin <strong>the</strong> 1948 version as well), Gone with <strong>the</strong>Wind (1939), Casablanca (1942), Rhapsodyin Blue (1945), The Jazz Singer (1952),and A Summer Place (1959). He receivedAcademy Award nominations <strong>for</strong> 18 filmsand won three Oscars strangely enough <strong>for</strong>less memorable films: The In<strong>for</strong>mer (1935),Now, Voyager (1942), and Since You WentAway (1944).Dimitri Tiomkin(1894–1975)<strong>American</strong> Music: <strong>Hollywood</strong>Composers • Scott 3340Tiomkin arrived in New York in 1925to work <strong>the</strong> vaudeville circuit as anaccompanist to a Russian ballet troupe.He later said that this beginning led himto think of actors within <strong>the</strong> film frameas dancers on stage. His long relationshipwith director Frank Capra began withLost Horizons (1937) and continuedthrough films such as You Can’t Take Itwith You (1938) and It’s a Wonderful Life(1947), but it was his innovative score <strong>for</strong>High Noon (1952), with its <strong>the</strong>me song“Do Not Forsake Me, O My Darling,”that changed <strong>the</strong> course of his career. Hereceived Academy Awards <strong>for</strong> Best Scoreand Best Song <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> film and went on towrite title songs <strong>for</strong> nearly every picturehe scored, winning fur<strong>the</strong>r nominations<strong>for</strong> many of <strong>the</strong>n and receiving AcademyAwards <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> scores of The High and <strong>the</strong>Mighty (1954) and The Old Man and <strong>the</strong>Sea (1958).Bernard Herrmann(1911–1975)<strong>American</strong> Music: <strong>Hollywood</strong>Composers • Scott 3341By <strong>the</strong> age of 20 he had founded his ownorchestra and went on to write musicalscores <strong>for</strong> Orson Welles’ radio shows,including <strong>the</strong> notorious “War of <strong>the</strong>Worlds” broadcast in 1938. Consideredone of <strong>the</strong> most original film composersin <strong>Hollywood</strong>, Herrmann was responsible<strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> score of Citizen Kane (1941), AlfredHitchcock’s Psycho (1960), and MartinScorsese’s Taxi Driver (1976). His personalfavorite was his music <strong>for</strong> The Ghost andMrs. Muir (1947).Franz Waxman (1906–1967)<strong>American</strong> Music: <strong>Hollywood</strong>Composers • Scott 3342The German-born composer’s first workedin film when he was hired to orchestrateand conduct <strong>the</strong> score <strong>for</strong> MarleneDietrich’s Der blau Engle (The Blue Angel,1930), <strong>the</strong> first major German soundfilm. Waxman moved to <strong>Hollywood</strong> in<strong>the</strong> 1930s, composing his first originalfilm scores <strong>for</strong> Rebecca (1940) and ThePhiladelphia Story (1940). He wouldreceive back-to-back Oscars <strong>for</strong> his scores<strong>for</strong> Sunset Blvd. (1950) and A Place in<strong>the</strong> Sun (1951). He also composed <strong>for</strong>television, including shows such as“Gunsmoke,” “The Fugitive,” and “PeytonPlace” (<strong>for</strong> which he had also composed<strong>the</strong> movie score).Alfred Newman (1907–1970)<strong>American</strong> Music: <strong>Hollywood</strong>Composers • Scott 3343As a young pianist accompanist on <strong>the</strong>vaudeville circuit, Newman becamefriends with and conducted some of <strong>the</strong>work of <strong>the</strong> Gershwin bro<strong>the</strong>rs, Rogers &Hart, and Irving Berlin, who persuadedhim to try his luck with <strong>the</strong> movies in <strong>the</strong>early 1930s. Once <strong>the</strong>re he would go on tocontribute hugely to movie music throughhis gifts as a composer, arranger, musicaldirector, and conductor. Newman won9 Oscars, including Alexander’s RagtimeBand (1938) Tin Pan Alley (1940), Call MeMadam (1953), Love Is a Many SplendoredThing (1955), The King and I (1956), andCamelot (1962) and was nominated <strong>for</strong> 28more. His last movie soundtrack was <strong>for</strong><strong>the</strong> comedy Airport (1970), <strong>for</strong> which hereceived a Oscar nomination.Erich Wolfgang Korngold(1897–1957)<strong>American</strong> Music: <strong>Hollywood</strong>Composers • Scott 3344A child profigy who composed hisfirst original work at age 8, Korngoldpreferred <strong>the</strong> world of classical music butwas lured to <strong>Hollywood</strong> to adapt FleixMendelassohn’s music <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> film versionof A Midsummer Night’s Dream (1934).There he turned his hand to creatingmemorable symphonic scores <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong>movies, beginning with Captain Blood(1935, starring Errol Flynn). His scores <strong>for</strong>Anthony Adverse (1936, Frederick March& Olivia de Havilland) and The Adventuresof Robin Hood (1938, Errol Flynn, Olviaide Haviland & Basil Rathbone) bothwon Academy Awards, and he receivednominations <strong>for</strong> The Private Lives ofElizabeth and Essex (1936, Bette Davis &Errol Flynn) and The Sea Hawk (1940,Errol Flynn). After <strong>the</strong> war he returned toAustria, but ill health <strong>for</strong>ced in into earlyretirement and he was little known by <strong>the</strong>time of his death at age 60.


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Movie MusicIra & George Gershwin (1999)<strong>American</strong> Music:Broadway Songwriters33¢ • Scott 3345Ira (1896–1983) & George(1898–1937) GershwinIra — Ira collaborated as <strong>the</strong> lyricistwith his younger bro<strong>the</strong>r George onmore than 20 Broadway musicals andmotion pictures. After George’s earlydeath, Ira went on to work with o<strong>the</strong>rmajor composers, such as Moss Hart,Kurt Weill, Jerome Kern, and o<strong>the</strong>rs. Hismemorable song lyrics are almost literallytoo numerous to mention; <strong>the</strong>y includesuch enduring titles as “I Got Rhythm,”“Embraceable You,” “Summertime,” “IGot Plenty o’ Nuttin’,” “Someone To WatchOver Me,” “Funny Face,” “Let’s Call <strong>the</strong>Whole Thing Off,” and “Shall We Dance?”His goddaughter Liza Minelli was namedafter one of his songs, “Liza (All <strong>the</strong>Clouds’ll Roll Away).”George — George’s first collaborationwith his bro<strong>the</strong>r Ira was <strong>the</strong> musicalcomedy Lady Be Good (1924). Theirjoint production of Of Thee I Sing wona Pulitzer Prize in 1935. George usuallywrote <strong>the</strong> music and his bro<strong>the</strong>r <strong>the</strong>nwrote words to fit <strong>the</strong> tune. (Althoughwhen asked which came first, <strong>the</strong> wordsor <strong>the</strong> music, Ira’s standard response was“The contract.”) Variations on his music<strong>for</strong> “I Got Rhythm” (first introduced byE<strong>the</strong>l Merman in 1930) has become one of<strong>the</strong> most per<strong>for</strong>med of George Gershwin’sworks. George’s serious orchestralworks have remained equally popular:“Rhapsody in Blue” (1924) and “An<strong>American</strong> in Paris” (1928).Alan Jay Lerner & FrederickLoewe (1999) <strong>American</strong> Music:Broadway Songwriters33¢ • Scott 3346Alan Jay Lerner (1918–1986)& Frederick Loewe(1901–1988)Alan Lerner — A playwright and lyricist,Lerner first teamed up with FrederickLoewe in 1942 with Life of <strong>the</strong> Party. Theyfollowed this with Brigadoon (1947), whichLerner later adapted <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> film versionin 1954. Lerner also received Oscars as<strong>the</strong> Screenwriter <strong>for</strong> An <strong>American</strong> in Paris(1951) and Gigi (1958). He later won aGrammy <strong>for</strong> “On a Clear day You Can SeeForever (1970).Frederick Loewe — The Austrian-borncomposer accompanied his fa<strong>the</strong>r, singingstar Edmond Loewe, to America in 1925,but left to earn a living composing off<strong>the</strong>-cuffscores <strong>for</strong> silent movies. He metLerner at <strong>the</strong> popular New York night spot,The Lambs Club, and <strong>the</strong> two men hit itoff as a team. Following <strong>the</strong>ir success withBrigadoon (1947), <strong>the</strong>y went on to createPaint Your Wagon (1952), My Fair Lady(1956}), and Camelot (1967) all of whichalso have immortalized in film via <strong>the</strong>magic of <strong>Hollywood</strong>.Lorenz Hart (1999)<strong>American</strong> Music: BroadwaySongwriters33¢ • Scott 3347Lorenz Hart (1895–1943)The <strong>American</strong> lyricist first teamed withRichard Rodgers sometime in <strong>the</strong> latenineteen teens, and throughout <strong>the</strong> 1920s<strong>the</strong> two men blistered <strong>the</strong>ir way throughan average of four musicals a year! In1930 <strong>the</strong>y moved to <strong>Hollywood</strong> where<strong>the</strong>y turned out songs and musical scores<strong>for</strong> Love Me Tonight (starring MauriceChevalier), The Phantom President (starringGeorge M. Cohan), Hallelujah, I’m aBum (starring Al Jolson), and Mississippi(starring Bing Crosby and W.C. Fields). In1934 he provided <strong>the</strong> translation <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong>MGM version of The Merry Widow, and cowrotewith Rodgers <strong>the</strong>ir stand-alone popsong, “Blue Moon.” From 1935 until 1943<strong>the</strong>y went back to writing <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> stagewith a long string of successful musicalcomedies, <strong>for</strong> which Hart wrote <strong>the</strong> lyricsto such enduring songs as “My FunnyValentine,” “The Lady Is a Tramp,” “SpringIs Here,” and “Falling in Love with Love.”


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Movie MusicRichard Rodgers & OscarHammerstein II (1999)<strong>American</strong> Music:Broadway Songwriters33¢ • Scott 3348Richard Rodgers (1902–1979)& Oscar Hammerstein II(1895–1960)Richard Rodgers — Rodgers’ career spannedsix decades, during which he receivedOscars, Tonys, Pulitzers, and Emmys. Hepublished more than 900 songs and wrote40 musicals. In 1943 Rodgers entered intowhat would become an extraordinarypartnership with Oscar Hammerstein II.The first result was <strong>the</strong> musical Oklahoma!(1943) and <strong>the</strong> recreation of <strong>the</strong> <strong>American</strong>musical <strong>the</strong>ater genre as a complete musicalstory. The collaborators went on to produceCarousel (1945), South Pacific (1949), TheKing and I (1951), Flower Drum Song (1958),and The Sound of Music (1959). There areo<strong>the</strong>rs, but <strong>the</strong>se are <strong>the</strong> best remembered.Why? Because <strong>the</strong>y also appeared asmovies! Rodgers and Hammerstein wroteone musical specifically <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>,State Fair (1945), and one <strong>for</strong> television,Cinderella (1957, starring Julie Andrews).Oscar Hammerstein — Despite hisfa<strong>the</strong>r’s push to have him become a lawyer,Hammerstein could not resist <strong>the</strong> lure of<strong>the</strong> <strong>the</strong>ater. His first successful librettawas Wildflower (1922), followed by RoseMarie (1924). His partnership with JeromeKern led to <strong>the</strong> landmark musical ShowBoat (1925), later made into three movieversions. However, Hammerstein didn’tlike <strong>Hollywood</strong> and returned to New York,where he adapted <strong>the</strong> lyrics and story ofBizet’s Carmen to create <strong>the</strong> all-black,<strong>American</strong>ized Carmen Jones (1942). He hasbeen called “<strong>the</strong> most influential lyricistand librettist of <strong>the</strong> <strong>American</strong> <strong>the</strong>ater.”Almost all of Rodgers and Hammerstein’sphenomenally popular Broadways showshave appeared as movies.Meredith Willson (1999)<strong>American</strong> Music:Broadway Songwriters33¢ • Scott 3349Meredith Willson(1902–1984)Although he is best known <strong>for</strong> writing<strong>the</strong> book, words, and music <strong>for</strong> The MusicMan (1962), and Willson also wrote <strong>the</strong>entertaining The Unsinkable Molly Brown(1964), both of which were turned intopopular movies (1962, starring RobertPreston and Shirly Jones and 1964 StarringDebbie Reynolds) and both of which alsowon Oscars <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir music. He began hisprofessional career playing <strong>the</strong> flute and<strong>the</strong> piccolo in John Philip Sousa’s band(1921–1923) and <strong>the</strong>n joined <strong>the</strong> New YorkPhilharmonic Orchestra. Willson’s careerwas a checkered ef<strong>for</strong>t. He composed<strong>the</strong> musical scores <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> movies TheGreat Dictator (1940) and The Little Foxes(1941). And although he wrote a numberof popular songs, perhaps <strong>the</strong> mostsurprising hit was <strong>the</strong> Beatles adaptationof his “’Till There Was You.”Frank Loesser (1999)<strong>American</strong> Music;Broadway Songwriters33¢ • Scott 3350Frank Loesser (1910–1969)Although he never studied music <strong>for</strong>mally,Loesser’s influence on film and stagemusical writing has been enormous.His first song (“The May Party”) waswritten when he was six years old.While he was still a child he also taughthimself to play <strong>the</strong> harmonica and <strong>the</strong>piano. Then, in 1936, he and <strong>Hollywood</strong>discovered one ano<strong>the</strong>r, and over <strong>the</strong>next 30 years he would write <strong>the</strong> scores<strong>for</strong> more than 60 movies. His first hitsong was <strong>the</strong> wartime “Praise <strong>the</strong> Lord,and Pass <strong>the</strong> Ammunition.” He returnedto Broadway <strong>for</strong> Where’s Charley (1948)and Guys and Dolls (1950, which swept<strong>the</strong> Tonys and later became an equallysmash hit as a movie. This was followedby <strong>the</strong> Danny Kay movie Hans ChristianAnderson (1952), <strong>for</strong> which he received anOscar nomination. The versatile Loessercompleted two additional hit musicals,The Most Happy Fella (1957) and How ToSucceed in Business Without Really Trying(1961), be<strong>for</strong>e his untimely death.


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Movie MusicHenry Mancini (1924–1994)Scott 3839While playing with <strong>the</strong> Glenn Miller Band in 1952, Manciniaccepted a two-week assignment to work on an Abbot andCostello movie and never looked back. Noted <strong>for</strong> injectingjazz into <strong>the</strong> conventional movie scores of <strong>the</strong> 1950s, he wasnominated <strong>for</strong> 18 Oscars and won four: two <strong>for</strong> Breakfastat Tiffany’s (1961 — <strong>the</strong> score and <strong>the</strong> song “Moon River”),one <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> title song <strong>for</strong> Days of Wine and Roses (1962),and one <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> score of Victor/Victoria (1982). A piece ofincidental music <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> movie Hatari (1962) surprised himby becoming a pop hit on its on — “Baby Elephant Walk” —but he will always be remembered <strong>for</strong> his <strong>the</strong>me music <strong>for</strong>The Pink Pan<strong>the</strong>r (1963).Edgar Y. “Yip” Harburg (1896–1981)Scott 3905During his distinguished song-writing career Harburghelped create many standards of <strong>the</strong> <strong>American</strong> songbook,including “Bro<strong>the</strong>r, Can You Spare a Dime,” “It’s Only aPaper Moon,” “April in Paris,” and “Lydia <strong>the</strong> TattooedLady.” Never<strong>the</strong>less, he will always be remembered <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong>Oscar-winning “Over <strong>the</strong> Rainbow” from The Wizard of Oz(1939). His libretto <strong>for</strong> Finian’s Rainbow (1947) producedsuch memorable songs as “How Are Things in GloccaMorra?” and “Old Devil Moon.” Released as a movie starringFred Astaire and Petula Clark in 1968 Finian’s Rainbow wasAstaire’s last film. Harburg and his writing partner HaroldArlen also wrote <strong>the</strong> title song <strong>for</strong> Judy garland’s last movie,I Could Go On Singing (1963), and <strong>the</strong> 1968 tribute to MartinLu<strong>the</strong>r King Jr., “Silent Spring.”Musicals Made Into MoviesOklahoma!<strong>American</strong> Music; Laurie and CurleyScott 2722; reissued • Scott 2769Set in <strong>the</strong> Oklahoma Territory at <strong>the</strong> turn of<strong>the</strong> 19th century and playing on <strong>the</strong> inevitableconflicts between farmers and ranchers as <strong>the</strong>territory reaches <strong>for</strong> statehood, Oklahoma! (1955)featured a stellar cast: Gordon Macrae (Curly) andShirley Jones (Laurie; her film debut) as <strong>the</strong> twoyoung leads, Gloria Grahame (Ado Annie) andGene Nelson (Will Parker) as <strong>the</strong> second leads,Charlotte Greenwood (Aunt Eller), Eddie Albert(Ali Hakim), Rod Steiger (Jud Fry), and JamesWhitmore (Mr. Carnes). It was <strong>the</strong> first musicalin which all <strong>the</strong> songs had a direct relationshipto <strong>the</strong> plot. The stage version opened in NewYork in 1943 and ran <strong>for</strong> 2,212 per<strong>for</strong>mances, <strong>the</strong>record <strong>for</strong> a musical at <strong>the</strong> time, but <strong>the</strong> moviesoundtrack not only outsold <strong>the</strong> Broadway castrecording, it continues to be a strong seller today.Show Boat<strong>American</strong> Music • Scott 2767The original stage production of Show Boat (basedon <strong>the</strong> Edna Ferber’s novel of life on a paddlewheelshow boat plying <strong>the</strong> Mississippi River in <strong>the</strong> late1880s through <strong>the</strong> 1920s) opened in New Yorkon December 27, 1927. The first movie versionappeared in 1929. Originally filmed as silentmovie, some scenes were later reshot with dialogueand songs, and an additional 18-minute prologuefeatured three actors from <strong>the</strong> original Broadwayproduction reprised songs from <strong>the</strong>ir roles. Onlyportions of <strong>the</strong> film remain available <strong>for</strong> viewing.Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II wrote <strong>the</strong>song “Ol’ Man River” expressly <strong>for</strong> Paul Robeson,but he was unable to appear in <strong>the</strong> original stageproduction and did not actually play <strong>the</strong> role of“Joe” until <strong>the</strong> second movie version was made in1936. A second song was added <strong>for</strong> his character tosing in <strong>the</strong> movie, “Ah Still Suits Me,” but “Ol’ ManRiver” would become Robeson’s signature piece.Tess Gardella played Joe’s wife “Queenie” on stageand in <strong>the</strong> prologue to <strong>the</strong> 1929 movie, both timesin blackface. She was replaced by Hattie McDanielin <strong>the</strong> 1936 movie starring Irene Dunne and AllanJones. Charles Winniger reprised his Broadwayrole as “Cap’n Andy Hawks.” In 1951 yet ano<strong>the</strong>rmovie version appeared, <strong>the</strong> one with which mostpeople are familiar. It starred Kathryn Grayson,Ava Gardner, Howard Keel, Joe E. Brown, AgnesMoorehead, and William Warfield. Although <strong>the</strong>1951 film was nominated <strong>for</strong> two Oscars (BestCinematography, Color; Best Music, Scoring of aMusical Picture), critics consider <strong>the</strong> more faithfuladaptation of <strong>the</strong> 1936 movie to be to be <strong>the</strong> bestof <strong>the</strong> three film ef<strong>for</strong>ts.


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Movie MusicHenry Mancini (2004)37¢ • Scott 3839Edgar Y. “Yip” Harburg (2005)37¢ • Scott 3905Musicals Made Into MoviesOklahoma! (1993)<strong>American</strong> Music; Laurie and Curley29¢ • Scott 2722Oklahoma! (reissued 1993)<strong>American</strong> Music; Laurie and Curley29¢ • Scott 2769Show Boat (1993)<strong>American</strong> Music9¢• Scott 2767


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Musicals Made Into MoviesPorgy & Bess<strong>American</strong> Music • Scott 2768George Gershwin’s beautiful opera set in a smallblack community in South Carolina in 1912 hasbeen criticized <strong>for</strong> its depiction of poor blacks. The1959 movie version starred Sidney Poitier as Porgy(his voice was dubbed by opera singer RobertMcFerrin), Dorothy Dandridge (Bess), SammyDavis Jr. (Sportin’ Life), Pearl Bailey (Maria), andBrock Peters (Crown). Davis sang his own songs in<strong>the</strong> movie but his contract wouldn’t allow his voiceto be used on <strong>the</strong> soundtrack release, so his songs<strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> recording were sung by Cab Calloway.However, <strong>the</strong> Gershwin family felt that <strong>the</strong> movieversion had taken too many liberties with <strong>the</strong>original, as well as featuring too many actorswhose voices needed to be dubbed, and <strong>the</strong> filmwas withdrawn from release in 1974. Althougha DVD version was made available in 2002, <strong>the</strong>quality is very poor.My Fair Lady<strong>American</strong> Music • Scott 2770Based on <strong>the</strong> 1914 play Pygmalion by George BernardShaw, when <strong>the</strong>y adapted <strong>the</strong> play as a musical, MyFair Lady, Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewewrote <strong>the</strong> role of Professor Henry Higgins waswritten specifically <strong>for</strong> Rex Harrison, on <strong>the</strong> <strong>the</strong>orythat <strong>the</strong> portraal <strong>the</strong> character required a great actorra<strong>the</strong>r than a great singer. Both Harrison and StanleyHolloway (Alfred P. Doolittle) won Tonys <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir stageroles, which <strong>the</strong>y later reprised <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> film. Althoughin <strong>the</strong> original 1956 stage production <strong>the</strong> role of ElizaDoolittle was played by Julie Andrews, <strong>the</strong> 1964 filmstarred Audrey Hepburn, most of whose vocals weredubbed by Mami Nixon as Hepburn didn’t have a highenough range <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> top notes. The film won eightOscars, including Best Picture (Jack L. Warner), BestActor (Harrison), Best Costume Design (Cecil Beaton),Best Director (George Cukor), and Best Music, Scoring,Adaptation or Treatment (André Previn), and wasnominated <strong>for</strong> four more.The Wizard of OzClassic Films • Scott 2445Based on <strong>the</strong> children’s stories by L. FrankBaum, this is <strong>the</strong> one that started it all.Dorothy Gale and her dog Toto are sweptoff to <strong>the</strong> magical land of Oz by a tornado,accidentally killing <strong>the</strong> resident witchas <strong>the</strong>y land, and <strong>the</strong>n must find a wayback home. The main characters and <strong>the</strong>actors are well-known to generations ofviewers: <strong>the</strong> incomparable Judy Garland(Dorothy), Frank Morgan (a plethora ofroles, including Prof. Marvel and Oscar Z.Diggs, <strong>the</strong> “Wizard”), Ray Bolger (Hunk/Scarecrow), Bert Lahr (Zeke/CowardlyLion), Jack Haley (Hickory/Tin Man),Billie Burke (Glinda <strong>the</strong> Good Witch),and Margaret Hamilton (Miss Gulch/Wicked Witch of <strong>the</strong> West). The 1939 moviewon two Academy Awards: Best Music,Original Score (Herbert Stothhart) andBest Music, Original Song <strong>for</strong> “Over <strong>the</strong>Rainbow” (Harlen Arlen & E.Y. Harburg),and was nominated <strong>for</strong> four moreincluding Best Picture. By <strong>the</strong> way, thosehorses of a different color — <strong>the</strong>y got thatway by being coated with sugary Jell-Opowder, which <strong>the</strong>y kept licking off.Gone with <strong>the</strong> WindClassic Films • Scott 2446Celebrate <strong>the</strong> Century 1930sScott 3185jThis lush melodrama of life in <strong>the</strong> Southbe<strong>for</strong>e, during, and after <strong>the</strong> <strong>American</strong> CivilWar — based on <strong>the</strong> seemingly perennialbest-selling novel by Margaret Mitchell,written in 1936 — overpowered <strong>the</strong>Academy Awards <strong>for</strong> 1940, winning Oscars<strong>for</strong> Best Picture (Selznick InternationalPictures), Best Actress (Vivien Leigh),Best Actress in a Supporting Role (HattieMcDaniel), Best Director (Victor Fleming),Best Art Direction (Lyle R. Wheeler), BestCinematography, Color (Ernest Haller &Ray Rennahan), Best Film Editing (Hal C.Kern & James E. Newcom), Best Writing,Screenplay (Sidney Howard); an HonoraryOscar <strong>for</strong> William Cameron Menzies <strong>for</strong>“outstanding achievement in <strong>the</strong> use of color<strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> enhancement of dramatic mood;and a Technical Achievement Oscar <strong>for</strong>R.D. Musgrave <strong>for</strong> “pioneering in <strong>the</strong> useof coordinated equipment. Fifty years afterit first appeared in movie <strong>the</strong>aters in 1939,Gone with <strong>the</strong> Wind won <strong>the</strong> 1989 People’sChoice Award <strong>for</strong> “Favorite All-TimeMotion Picture.”Beau GesteClassic Films; Gary CooperScott 2447Shot on <strong>the</strong> same sets in Yuma, Arizonaas <strong>the</strong> original silent film version (1926),<strong>the</strong> 1939 movie told <strong>the</strong> story of threebro<strong>the</strong>rs (played by Gary Cooper, RayMilland, and Robert Preston) who join<strong>the</strong> French Foreign Legion, each claiminghe was <strong>the</strong> one to steal a family jewel. Theopening desert sequence is one of <strong>the</strong>great “mood setters” of film history. Thefilm also starred Brian Donlevy, who wasnominated <strong>for</strong> an Oscar as Best Actor ina Supporting Role <strong>for</strong> his portrayal of <strong>the</strong>sadistic Sgt. Markoff. Susan Hayward madeher film debut appearance as <strong>the</strong> heroinewaiting faithfully at home.


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Musicals Made Into MoviesPorgy & Bess (1993)<strong>American</strong> Music 29¢ • Scott 2768My Fair Lady (1993)<strong>American</strong> Music 29¢ • Scott 2770The Wizard of Oz (1990)Classic Films25¢ • Scott 2445Gone with <strong>the</strong> Wind (1990)Classic Films25¢ • Scott 2446Gone with <strong>the</strong> Wind (1998)Celebrate <strong>the</strong> Century 1930s32¢ • Scott 3185jBeau Geste (1990)Classic Films;25¢ • Scott 2447


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!The MoviesStagecoachClassic Films • Scott 2448The first of many films director JohnFord would shoot in MonumentValley, Arizona, Stagecoach (1939) alsointroduced John Wayne in his first starringrole as <strong>the</strong> “Ringo Kid.” It was actually his80th film! The story followed <strong>the</strong> behaviorof stagecoach passengers trying to make itpast marauding Apaches led by Geronimo— and played in <strong>the</strong> film by local NavajoIndians. The movie also starred ClaireTrevor (Dallas), Thomas Mitchell (Josiah“Doc” Boone), Andy Devine (stagecoachdriver Buck), and cowboy star Tim Holt(Lieutenant Gatewood). The movie wontwo Oscars. One went to Thomas Mitchellas Best Actor in a Supporting Role <strong>for</strong>his portrayal of <strong>the</strong> drunken “Doc,” <strong>the</strong>o<strong>the</strong>r was <strong>for</strong> Best Music, Scoring. It wasnominated <strong>for</strong> four more, including BestPicture and Best Director.A Streetcar Named DesireCelebrate <strong>the</strong> Century 1940sScott 3186nBased on <strong>the</strong> 1947 play by TennesseeWilliams that won <strong>the</strong> 1948 PulitzerPrize <strong>for</strong> Drama, <strong>the</strong> 1951 film versionwas toned down considerably from itscontroversial parent, including a newending where Stanley is punished <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong>rape of his sister-in-law, <strong>the</strong> pretentiousbut frail Blanche, by <strong>the</strong> loss of his wifeand child. Most of <strong>the</strong> cast came from<strong>the</strong> original Broadway production (alsodirected by Elia Kazan): Marlon Brando(Stanley Kowalski) in his second screenrole, Kim Hunter (Stella Kowalski), andKarl Malden (Harold “Mitch” Mitchell).Vivien Leigh reprised her London roleas Blanche DuBois, a part played byJessica Tandy on Broadway. The moviewas nominated <strong>for</strong> 12 Oscars and wonfour: Best Actress in a Leading Role(Leigh), Best Actor in a Supporting Role(Malden), Best Actress in a SupportingRole (Hunter), and Best Art Direction —Set Direction, Black-and-White. It was <strong>the</strong>first time three acting awards had beenwon by a single film. (Brando lost out asBest Actor in a Leading Role to HumphreyBogart in The African Queen.)E.T. The Extra-TerrestrialCelebrate <strong>the</strong> Century 1980sScott 3190mA group of children help a stranded alienwith almost magical powers contact hismo<strong>the</strong>r ship in order to return home inthis hugely popular story about toleranceand non-violent alien contact. Directedby Steven Spielberg, <strong>the</strong> 1982 movie wonfour Oscars — Best Effects, Sound EffectsEditing; Best Effects, Visual Effects; BestMusic, Original Score (John Williams);Best Sound — and was nominated <strong>for</strong> fivemore. For those who enjoy trivia, E.T.’s facewas modeled after a combination of <strong>the</strong>features of Carl Sandburg, Albert Einstein,and a pug dog.Jurassic ParkCelebrate <strong>the</strong> Century 1990sScott 3191kLoosely based on <strong>the</strong> novel by MichaelCrichton (and one of those rare instanceswhere <strong>the</strong> film outshines <strong>the</strong> originalbook), and directed by Steven Spielberg,Jurassic Park (1993) tells <strong>the</strong> story of adultsand children trapped in a <strong>the</strong>me parkwhere cloned — and hungry — dinosaurshave broken free of <strong>the</strong>ir compounds.The movie won Oscars <strong>for</strong> Best Effects,Sound Effects Editing; Best Effects, VisualEffects; and Best Sound. It also garneredawards from around <strong>the</strong> world <strong>for</strong>bringing believable dinosaurs to <strong>the</strong> silverscreen. (In case you were wondering, <strong>the</strong>Tyrannosaurus roars are a sound mix ofdog, penguin, tiger, alligator, and elephantnoises.)TitanicCelebrate <strong>the</strong> Century 1990s3191lFrom its opening shot of <strong>the</strong> encrustedremains of <strong>the</strong> ship lying on <strong>the</strong> oceanfloor, <strong>the</strong> outcome of <strong>the</strong> story of <strong>the</strong>Titanic, which sank with enormous loss oflife on its maiden voyage in 1912, is neverin any doubt. The love story between <strong>the</strong>upper (Kate Winslet) and lower decks(Leonardo DiCaprio) is an obligatoryconvention tying <strong>the</strong> overarching storytoge<strong>the</strong>r, but <strong>the</strong> real power lies in <strong>the</strong>voices of <strong>the</strong> ghosts who perished in <strong>the</strong>icy nor<strong>the</strong>rn Atlantic Ocean nearly 100years ago. The 1997 movie won 11 Oscars— including Best Picture, Best Director,Best Music, Best Effects (Sound andVisual), Best Cinematography, and BestCostume Design — and was nominated <strong>for</strong>three more.“Yoda”2007 • Scott 4205The ancient and powerful Jedi Masterwas responsible <strong>for</strong> training all <strong>the</strong> Jediknights who appeared throughout <strong>the</strong> StarWars film series, and himself appeared inall but <strong>the</strong> first movie in 1977. Originallyanimated and given voice to by Frank Oz,<strong>the</strong> long-time collaborator of puppeteerJim Hansen, “Yoda” came to be so populara character that when <strong>the</strong> <strong>American</strong> publicwas given an opportunity to vote online<strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir favorite stamp in <strong>the</strong> anniversarystamp pane, more than a half millionvotes were cast <strong>for</strong> him and he was given aspecial stamp issue of his own.


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!The MoviesStagecoach (1990)Classic Films25¢ • Scott 2448A Streetcar Named Desire(1999) Celebrate <strong>the</strong>Century 1940s33¢ • Scott 3186nE.T. The Extra-Terrestrial(2000) Celebrate <strong>the</strong>Century 1980s33¢ • Scott 3190mJurassic Park (1999)Celebrate <strong>the</strong> Century 1990s33¢ • Scott 3191kTitanic (1999)Celebrate <strong>the</strong> Century 1990s33¢ * 3191l“Yoda” (2007)Scott 4205


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!The MoviesPremiere of Movie Star Wars, 30th Anniversary2007 • Scott 4143The original Star Wars (1977) — now renamed: Star Wars: Episode IV, A New Hope — was an almostunimaginable blockbuster when it hit <strong>the</strong> big screen. From <strong>the</strong> initial, and seemingly interminable, passageof <strong>the</strong> first intergalactic battleship to <strong>the</strong> final explosion of <strong>the</strong> “death star,” <strong>the</strong> action and wisecrackingnever stopped. Movie goers returned to see it again and again. The film starred Mark Hamilton (LukeSkywalker), Harrison Ford (Han Solo), Carrie Fisher (Princess Leia Organa), and Alec Guinness (Obi-Wan Kenobi). Unrecognizable behind <strong>the</strong>ir costumes were Anthony Daniels (C-3PO), Peter Mayhew(Chewbacca), and David Prowse (Darth Vader), and <strong>the</strong> voice of James Earl Jones as <strong>the</strong> voice of DarthVader. It won Oscars <strong>for</strong> Best Music, Original Score (John Williams); Best Costume Design (John Mollo);Best Sound; Best Art Direction — Set Decoration; Best Effects, Visual Effects; Best Film Editing; and aSpecial Achievement Award <strong>for</strong> Sound Effects in creating <strong>the</strong> alien voices (Ben Burtt).Shown at 60% of actual size.


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!The MoviesPremiere of Movie Star Wars, 30th Anniversary (2007) 41¢ • Scott 4143a–oMillenium Falcon41¢ • Scott 4143bEmperor Palpatine41¢ • Scott 4143cDarth Vader41¢ • Scott 4143aC-3PO41¢ • Scott 4143gAnakin Skywalker & Obi-WanKenobie • 41¢ • Scott 4143dLuke Skywalker41¢ • Scott 4143ePrincess Leia & R2-D241¢ • Scott 4143fBobba Fett41¢ • Scott 4143jQueen Padmé Amidala41¢ • Scott 4143hChewbacca & Han Solo41¢ • Scott 4143lObi-Wan Kenobi41¢ • Scott 4143iX-wing Starfighter41¢ • Scott 4143mStormtroopers41¢ • Scott 4143oYoda41¢ • Scott 4143nDarth Maul41¢ • Scott 4143k


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Animated Features & PuppetsSnow White and <strong>the</strong> Seven DwarfsCelebrate <strong>the</strong> Century 1930sScott 3185hNearly four years in production, Snow White and <strong>the</strong> Seven Dwarfs (1937) was <strong>the</strong> first fulllength,animated film shown in color and with sound. The move was also <strong>the</strong> first to have itsown soundtrack and <strong>the</strong> first to release a motion picture soundtrack album. In ano<strong>the</strong>r creativeinspiration, <strong>the</strong> animated human characters were based on <strong>the</strong> movements of live actors. It wasalso <strong>the</strong> first commercially successful film of its kind and, in its various releases, <strong>the</strong> best-sellinganimated film of all time.The Art of Disney: FriendshipScott 3865–3868A set of four postage stamps commemorating friendship appear as <strong>the</strong> first pane in The Art ofDisney series. Cartoon icons Mickey Mouse and his best friends Goofy and Donald Duck appear in<strong>the</strong> first stamp (Scott 3865); followed by Bambi and his childhood best friend Thumper <strong>the</strong> rabbitin Bambi (1942, Scott 3913); while Mufasa and Simba show <strong>the</strong> powerful bond between parent andchild in The Lion King (1994, Scott 3914); and Pinocchio and Jiminy Cricket exemplify a mentoringfriendship in Pinnochio (1940, Scott 3868).The Art of Disney: CelebrationScott 3912–3915Disney animators bring <strong>the</strong> party to life in <strong>the</strong> second pane in The Art of Disney series as <strong>the</strong> Disney<strong>the</strong>me parks celebrate <strong>the</strong>ir 50th anniversary: Mickey and his faithful dog Pluto (Scott 3912); <strong>the</strong> MadHatter and Alice at <strong>the</strong> tea party from Alice in Wonderland (1951, Scott 3913); Ariel enjoying musicwith Flounder and her o<strong>the</strong>r undersea friends (from The Little Mermaid, 1989; Scott 3914); and SnowWhite dancing with Dopey from Snow White and <strong>the</strong> Seven Dwarfs (1937, Scott 3915).


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Animated Features & PuppetsSnow White and <strong>the</strong> SevenDwarfs (1998) Celebrate <strong>the</strong>Century 1930s32¢ • Scott 3185hThe Art of Disney: Friendship (2004)37¢ • Scott 386537¢ • Scott 3866 37¢ • Scott 3867 37¢ • Scott 3868The Art of Disney: Celebration (2005)37¢ • Scott 3912 37¢ • Scott 3913 37¢ • Scott 3914 37¢ • Scott 3915


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Animated Features & PuppetsThe Art of Disney: RomanceScott 4025–4028For this third pane in The Art of Disney series, each stamp tells its own romantic tale of true love:Mickey and Minnie Mouse, perennial swee<strong>the</strong>arts who first appeared in three short films in 1928Steamboat Willie, Plane Crazy, and The Galloping Gaucho (Scott 4025); Cinderella and Prince Charmingat <strong>the</strong> ball from Cinderella (1950, Scott 4026); Belle and <strong>the</strong> Beast from Beauty and <strong>the</strong> Beast (1991; Scott4027); and <strong>the</strong> immortal spaghetti dinner scene from Lady and <strong>the</strong> Tramp (1955, Scott 4028).The Art of Disney: MagicScott 4192–4195Magic, as imagined by Walt Disney and his studio animators, appears on <strong>the</strong> fourth pane in The Art ofDisney series. The stamps feature Mickey Mouse as “The Sorcerer’s Apprentice” from Fantasia (1940,Scott 4192); Tinker Bell and Peter Pan from Peter Pan (1953, Scott 4193); Dumbo and Timothy Mousefrom Dumbo (1941, Scott 4194); and Aladdin and Genie from Aladdin (1992, Scott 4195).The Art of Disney: ImaginationScott 4342–4345The final pane in <strong>the</strong> set of five “The Art of Disney” issues included stamps featuring Pongo and one ofhis pups from 101 Dalmatians (1996, Scott 4342); Mickey Mouse in his introductory role as SteamboatWillie (1928, Scott 4343), Princess Aurora and her fairy godmo<strong>the</strong>rs Flora, Fauna, and Merrywea<strong>the</strong>rfrom Sleeping Beauty (1959, Scott 4344); and Mowgli and his teacher Baloo <strong>the</strong> Bear from The JungleBook (1967, Scott 4345).


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Animated Features & PuppetsThe Art of Disney: Romance (2006)39¢ • Scott 402539¢ • Scott 402639¢ • Scott 402739¢ • Scott 4028The Art of Disney: Magic (2007)41¢ • Scott 419241¢ • Scott 419341¢ • Scott 419441¢ • Scott 4195The Art of Disney: Imagination (2008)42¢ • Scott 386542¢ • Scott 386642¢ • Scott 386742¢ • Scott 3868


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Animated Features & PuppetsJim Henson (1936–1990) and <strong>the</strong> MuppetsScott 3944a-jAlthough his intention was to create independent television characters, Henson’s “muppets” would take on a life and acommunity of <strong>the</strong>ir own. Beginning with <strong>the</strong> revolutionary children’s educational show Sesame Street (1969), Henson wenton to develop The Muppet Show (1976), one of <strong>the</strong> most widely watched series in television history. Having <strong>the</strong> characterstackle <strong>Hollywood</strong> seemed a logical next step. The Muppet Movie (1979) was followed by The Great Muppet Caper (1981), andThe Muppets take Manhattan (1984) — all featuring well-known human actors as well as <strong>the</strong> popular puppets. The MuppetChristmas Carol (1993) was <strong>the</strong> first muppet movie to be released by Henson Associates after Henson’s untimely death at <strong>the</strong>age of 54. Shown on <strong>the</strong> pane of stamps are (a) Kermit <strong>the</strong> Frog, (b) Fozzie Bear, (c) Sam <strong>the</strong> Eagle, (d) Miss Piggie, (e) Statlerand Waldorf, (f) Swedish Chef, (g) Animal, (h) Dr. Bunsen Honeydew and Beaker, (i) Rowlf <strong>the</strong> Dog, and (j) Great Gonzo andCamilla, and of course (k) Jim Hensen.Kermit <strong>the</strong> Frog37¢ • Scott 3944aFozzie Bear37¢ • Scott 3944bSam <strong>the</strong> Eagle37¢ • Scott 3944cMiss Piggie37¢ • Scott 39445Statler & Waldorf37¢ • Scott 3944eSwedish Chef37¢ • Scott 3944fSwedish Chef37¢ • Scott 3944gDr. Bunsen Honeydew& Beaker37¢ • Scott 3944hRowlf <strong>the</strong> Dog37¢ • Scott 3944gGreat Gonzo & Camilla37¢ • Scott 3944iJim Henson37¢ • Scott 3944k


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Animated Features & PuppetsJim Henson and <strong>the</strong> Muppets (2005) 37¢ • Scott 3944a-j


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Movie Stars of <strong>the</strong> Golden AgeBud Abbott (1895–1974) &Lou Costello (1906–1959)Comedians • Scott 2566Abbott — The son of a lady bareback riderand an circus advance man, Abbott cameto be known as <strong>the</strong> best “straight man” in<strong>the</strong> business. His famous partnership withCostello began when he filled in <strong>for</strong> Lou’sregular sidekick one night in 1931. Theyworked steadily in vaudeville, burlesque,and minstrel shows, but it was a stinton Kate Smith’s radio show, “The KateSmith Hour” in 1938 that brought <strong>the</strong>mnational recognition. They were signedby Universal Pictures and made <strong>the</strong>ir firstfilm, One Night in <strong>the</strong> Tropics, in 1940. Thepartnership broke up in 1957 but nei<strong>the</strong>rman proved as successful on his own.Costello — An amateur boxer (with 32straight wins) from New Jersey, Costelloworked <strong>for</strong> a time as a stuntman be<strong>for</strong>ebreaking into vaudeville as a comedian.The first starring roles <strong>for</strong> Abbott andCostello came in Buck Privates (1940), costarring<strong>the</strong> Andrews Sisters. The followingyear <strong>the</strong>y topped a poll of <strong>Hollywood</strong> stars.Abbott and Costello are <strong>the</strong> only nonsportsfigures honored in <strong>the</strong> Baseball Hallof Fame, <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir hilarious routine “Who’son First?”, first per<strong>for</strong>med on Kate Smith’sradio show in 1938.Humphrey Bogart(1899–1957)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> • Scott 3152From pre-med studies to a Navy gunnerin World War I to a series of films thatestablished him as <strong>the</strong> 20th century’squintessential hardboiled hero, Bogart didit all, despite <strong>the</strong> fact that he was cast ina number of his early films only becauseGeorge Raft had turned down <strong>the</strong> roles:High Sierra (1941), The Maltese Falcon,(1941) and Casablanca (1942, No. 1 on<strong>the</strong> <strong>American</strong> Film Institute’s list of Top100 U.S. Love Stories). An exceptionalchess player, Bogart played chess by mailwith G.I.s throughout World War II. Hereceived an Oscar as Best Actor <strong>for</strong> hisrole in The African Queen (1951), oppositeKatharine Hepburn.Gene Autry (1907–1998)Cowboys of <strong>the</strong> Silver ScreenScott 4449Nicknamed “The Singing Cowboy,” Autrybegan his working life not as a cowboy butas a telegraph operator who was overheardsinging to himself one night in 1927 by <strong>the</strong>great <strong>American</strong> humorist Will Rogers, whoencouraged him to try to beak into radio.Autry took Rogers’ advice and by 1931had his own radio show. His first record,“That Silver-Haired Daddy of Mine” byAutry and Jimmy Long sold more than500,000 copies in its first release in 1932.Eventually, sales of “That Silver-HairedDaddy” made Autry <strong>the</strong> first artist to sella million copies of a record. His recordingof “Rudolph <strong>the</strong> Red-Nosed Reindeer”(written by Johnny Marks) is <strong>the</strong> secondhighest selling Christmas song of all timewith more than 30 million copies. In all hewrote more than 200 songs. Autry’s filmdebut was in Ken Maynard’s In Old SantaFe (1934), but his first major role was <strong>the</strong>lead in Tumbling Tumbleweeds (1935), ahuge hit. It led to a contract with Republicthat had Autry producing one movie everysix weeks <strong>for</strong> a salary of $5,000 each. By1940 he was <strong>the</strong> fourth-highest grossingbox office attraction in <strong>Hollywood</strong>. In <strong>the</strong>1950s he would go on to produce severaltelevision series, including The Gene AutryShow, The Adventures of Champion [<strong>the</strong>Wonder Horse], and Annie Oakley. Later hewould become <strong>the</strong> owner of several radioand television stations and his beloved LosAngeles Angels baseball team from 1961to 1997.James Cagney (1899–1986)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> • Scott 3329Best known <strong>for</strong> his gangster roles in <strong>the</strong>1930s (beginning with Public Enemy in1931), <strong>the</strong> energetic, pugnacious actingstyle Cagney cultivated made him <strong>the</strong> ideal<strong>Hollywood</strong> tough guy. But his was hisportrayal of George M. Cohen in <strong>the</strong> 1942musical Yankee Doodle Dandy that wonhim an Oscar <strong>for</strong> Best Actor. Often pairedwith actor Pat O’Brien, <strong>the</strong> two men madea final joint appearance in Ragtime (1981);it was <strong>the</strong> last film ei<strong>the</strong>r man would make.Lucille Ball (1911–1989)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> • Scott 3523Despite <strong>the</strong> fact that she would becomeone of <strong>the</strong> most important pioneers in <strong>the</strong>early days of television, Ball began hercareer in <strong>Hollywood</strong> when she was selectedas one of <strong>the</strong> 20 original “Goldwyn Girls”in 1933. Small roles, <strong>the</strong>n starring roles,in B-movies followed, even occasionalroles in major films like Stage Door (1937)and Du Barry Was a Lady (1943), be<strong>for</strong>eshe left <strong>the</strong> movie studio <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> televisionsound stage. Showing some signs of <strong>the</strong>character she was to play in “I Love Lucy,”Ball was once fired from a job in an icecream parlor because she kept <strong>for</strong>gettingto put bananas in <strong>the</strong> banana splits.[Note: As with all stamps in <strong>the</strong> Legends of<strong>Hollywood</strong> series <strong>the</strong> per<strong>for</strong>ation in eachcorner of <strong>the</strong> stamp is star-shaped.]Gary Cooper (1901–1961)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> • Scott 4421The son of English parents who had settledin Montana, Cooper actually grew up ona cattle ranch, <strong>the</strong> 600-acre Seven-Bar-Nine. He worked as a guide in YellowstonePark <strong>for</strong> several years be<strong>for</strong>e heading to<strong>Hollywood</strong>, where he first appeared in<strong>the</strong> silent film The Winning of BarbaraWorth (1926), followed by a role oppositeClara Bow in Children of Divorce (1927).In 1929 he played <strong>the</strong> ranch <strong>for</strong>eman inan early sound version of The Virginian.From <strong>the</strong>n on he seemed to go fromstrength to strength — and always opposite<strong>Hollywood</strong>’s leading ladies: A Farewell toArms (1934, with Helen Hayes), Mr. DeedsGoes to Town (1936, with Jean Arthur),Sergeant York (1941, Oscar <strong>for</strong> Best Actor),The Pride of <strong>the</strong> Yankees (1942, with TeresaWright), For Whom <strong>the</strong> Bell Tolls (1943,with Ingrid Berman), The Fountainhead(1949, with Patricia Neal), and FriendlyPersuasion (1956, with Dorothy McGuire).His per<strong>for</strong>mance as Marshall Will Kanein High Noon (1952), opposite GraceKelly, led to a second Best Actor Oscar <strong>for</strong>Cooper. The movie also won Best Music,Original Song <strong>for</strong> “Do Not Forsake Me,O My Darling” (sung by Tex Ritter); BestMusic, Scoring; and best Film Editing.It was nominated <strong>for</strong> Best Picture, BestDirector, and Best Screenplay.


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Movie Stars of <strong>the</strong> Golden AgeBud Abbott & Lou Costello (1991)Comedians29¢ • Scott 2566Gene Autry (2010)Cowboys of <strong>the</strong> Silver Screen44¢ Scott 4449Lucille Ball (2001)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong>34¢ • Scott 3523Humphrey Bogart(1997) Legends of<strong>Hollywood</strong>32¢ • Scott 3152James Cagney (1999)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong>33¢ • Scott 3329Gary Cooper (2009)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong>44¢ • Scott 4421


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Movie Stars of <strong>the</strong> Golden AgeBing Crosby (1904–1977)<strong>American</strong> Music • Scott 2850Crosby was already a successful radioper<strong>for</strong>mer when he was cast in The BigBroadcast (1932), featuring radio favoritessuch as The Mills Bro<strong>the</strong>rs, Kate Smith,and George Burns & Gracie Allen. In hisfilms he purposely cultivated <strong>the</strong> role ofan easy going, regular guy, reflected in hisseven “Road” pictures with Bob Hope.Four songs he sang in movies receivedOscars: “Sweet Leilani” (1937), “WhiteChristmas” (1942), “Swinging on a Star”(1944), and “In <strong>the</strong> Cool, Cool, Cool of <strong>the</strong>Evening” (1951). He himself received anOscar <strong>for</strong> Best Actor <strong>for</strong> his role as a priestin Going My Way (1944).Henry Fonda (1905–1982)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> • Scott 3911Beginning, as many actors did, on <strong>the</strong> livestage, Fonda finally made his film debut inThe Farmer Takes a Wife (1935), oppositeJanet Gaynor. He immediately won <strong>the</strong>critics’ praise <strong>for</strong> his work and in 1939made <strong>the</strong> first of many films with directorJohn Ford, Young Mr. Lincoln. That successwas followed by Drums Along <strong>the</strong> Mohawk(1939, with John Wayne) and his iconicrole as Tom Joad in John Steinbeck’sThe Grapes of Wrath (1940), both alsodirected by Ford. Their last collaborationwas Mister Roberts (1955). Fonda turnedhis hand to producing <strong>for</strong> Twelve AngryMen (1956), in which he also starred.He continued to appear on Broadwayas well as in films throughout his actingcareer. Fonda won his only Oscar <strong>for</strong> hisoutstanding per<strong>for</strong>mance in On GoldenPond (1981), playing opposite his daughterJane Fonda.Bette Davis (1908–1989)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> • Scott 4350Her first critical success came in <strong>the</strong> roleof Mildred in Of Human Bondage (1934);<strong>the</strong> following year she received a AcademyAward nomination as Best Actress <strong>for</strong> herper<strong>for</strong>mance in Dangerous (1935). Shewon a second Oscar <strong>for</strong> Best Actress in1938 <strong>for</strong> Jezebel, and she received Oscarnominations <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> next five years as well.Despite a string of successes in <strong>the</strong> 1940sher career seemed to be winding downuntil she took <strong>the</strong> role of Margo Channingin All About Eve (1950), <strong>for</strong> which shereceived ano<strong>the</strong>r Oscar nomination. Shewould receive her final Oscar nomination<strong>for</strong> her per<strong>for</strong>mance in <strong>the</strong> very creepystory of an aging child star, What EverHappened to Baby Jane (1962). Davisreceived <strong>the</strong> <strong>American</strong> Film Institute’sLifetime Achievement Award in 1977, <strong>the</strong>first woman to be so honored. One of herproudest accomplishments, however, washer organizing of <strong>the</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong> Canteen<strong>for</strong> soldiers in Los Angeles during WorldWar II, and <strong>for</strong> which she received <strong>the</strong>Defense Department’s highest civilianaward, <strong>the</strong> Distinguished Civilian ServiceMedal, in 1980.Greta Garbo (1905–1990)Scott 39437After her fa<strong>the</strong>r’s death in 1919, <strong>the</strong> youngGreta Gustafsson went to work at a localdepartment store where her appearanceto two advertising shorts led to her firstmovie appearance at <strong>the</strong> age of 17. By 1925she was considered one of <strong>the</strong> premieractresses in Europe. Her first <strong>Hollywood</strong>film (The Torrent, 1926) was a hugesuccess, and she went on to play opposite<strong>the</strong> most handsome leading men of <strong>the</strong>silent and early talkies film era, althoughshe left John Gilbert waiting at <strong>the</strong> altar.Among her memorable films are AnnaKarenina (1935) and Ninotchka (1939).James Dean (1931–1955)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> • Scott 3082Dean once told a friend, “If you’re afraidto die <strong>the</strong>re’s no room in your life to makediscoveries.” His three major film roleswere in modern film classics: East of Eden(1955), Rebel Without a Cause (1955),and Giant (1956). Only East of Edenhad been released when he crashed hisPorsche Spyder into ano<strong>the</strong>r car and waskilled instantly. He received posthumousAcademy Award nominations <strong>for</strong> his rolesin East of Eden and Giant.Judy Garland (1922–1969)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> • Scott 4077Born into a vaudevillian family, FrancesE<strong>the</strong>l Gumm first appeared on stage at<strong>the</strong> age of two and refused to stop singing“Jungle Bells” until she was dragged offso <strong>the</strong> show could continue. Thirteenyears later, her per<strong>for</strong>mance of “You MadeMe Love You,” sung to a photograph ofClark Gable in Broadway Melody of 1938(1937), established her popularity withmovie-going audiences. This was followedby films with Mickey Rooney such asLove Finds Andy Hardy (1938) and Babesin Arms (1939), but it was her role as“Dorothy” in The Wizard of Oz (1939) thatmade her a star. Her adult roles in filmssuch as For Me and My Gal (1942), MeetMe in St. Louis (1944), and Easter Parade(1948, with Fred Astaire) were memorable,but her ability to work was becomingerratic and she was often replaced in majorfilms. Despite a brilliant per<strong>for</strong>mance inA Star Is Born (1954, with James Mason)her film career tapered off. After years ofbattling addictions to alcohol and drugs(primarily weight loss amphetamines andanti-depressants), Judy Garland took herown life at age 47.


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Movie Stars of <strong>the</strong> Golden AgeBing Crosby (1994)<strong>American</strong> Music29¢• Scott 2850Bette Davis (2008)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong>42¢ • Scott 4350James Dean (1996)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong>32¢ • Scott 3082Henry Fonda (2005)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong>37¢ • Scott 3911Greta Garbo (2005)Scott 3943Judy Garland (2006)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong>39¢ • Scott 4077


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Movie Stars of <strong>the</strong> Golden AgeCary Grant (1904–1986)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> • Scott 3692Born Alexander Leach, at age 14 he <strong>for</strong>gedhis fa<strong>the</strong>r’s signature and left home tojoin a British music hall troupe of comicplayers. In 1920 he came to America with<strong>the</strong> troupe on tour and stayed. Beginningwhen he was chosen by Mae West as herleading man and making two films withher in 1933 (She Done Him Wrong and I’mNo Angel), <strong>the</strong> debonair actor was pairedwith <strong>Hollywood</strong>’s leading ladies: KatharineHepburn (Bringing Up Baby, 1938; ThePhiladelphia Story, 1940); Ingrid Bergman(Notorious, 1946; Indiscreet, 1958), GraceKelly (To Catch a Thief, 1955); SophiaLoren (The Pride and <strong>the</strong> Passion, 1957;Houseboat, 1958); Eve Marie Saint (Northby Northwest, 1959); Audrey Hepburn(Charade, 1963) — he never played avillain. He donated his entire salary fromThe Philadelphia Story to <strong>the</strong> British waref<strong>for</strong>t and from Arsenic and Old Lace to<strong>the</strong> U.S. War Relief Fund.Audrey Hepburn(1929–1993)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> • Scott 3786With her elegant beauty and gaminecharm, she has often appeared on lists asone of <strong>the</strong> most beautiful women of <strong>the</strong>20th Century. The daughter of an Englishbanker and a Dutch baroness, Hepburnoriginally trained as a ballerina. Fluentin English, Spanish, French, Italian, andDutch/Flemish, as a teenager in NazioccupiedAnheim, Holland she actedas an occasional runner <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> DutchResistance. Her first movie role in <strong>the</strong>United States was <strong>the</strong> 1953 film RomanHoliday, <strong>for</strong> which she received an Oscaras Best Actress. After starring in hitafter hit (she is only one of a handful ofper<strong>for</strong>mers to win an Oscar, a Tony, andEmmy, and a Grammy award), Hepburnretired from films at <strong>the</strong> end of <strong>the</strong> 1960s(with an occasional lapse, such as <strong>the</strong> 1976Robin and Marian with Sean Connery),and turned her attention and talents topromoting <strong>the</strong> well-being of childrenaround <strong>the</strong> world through <strong>the</strong> offices ofUNICEF.William S. Hart (1864–1946)Cowboys of <strong>the</strong> Silver ScreenScott 4448Born during <strong>the</strong> closing months of <strong>the</strong><strong>American</strong> Civil War, Hart was a trainedShakespearean actor who created <strong>the</strong> stageroles of Messala in Ben Hur (1899) and<strong>the</strong> lead in The Virginian (1907). In 1914he signed with a New York motion picturecompany, <strong>the</strong>n moved to <strong>Hollywood</strong>.Hart’s first full-length film was The Bargain(1914), where he played an outlaw tryingto go straight <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> love of a woman. Oneof <strong>the</strong> most popular western stars of <strong>the</strong>1910s, Hart made his last picture in 1925.Tumbleweeds, which he also producedand co-directed, tells <strong>the</strong> story of an agingcowboy who gets caught up in <strong>the</strong> CherokeeStrip land rush of 1893. Many of <strong>the</strong> socalledwestern film clichés were introducedby Hart, from his white hat to his faithfulhorse, a paint named “Fritz.”Katharine Hepburn(1907–2003)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> • Scott 4461After a smattering of small parts onBroadway, Hepburn turned to <strong>Hollywood</strong>where she appeared in <strong>the</strong> hit movie A Billof Divorcement (1932). She made five films1932–34, including Morning Glory (1933)<strong>for</strong> which she received her first AcademyAward, and Little Women (1933). In 1935she made Alice Adams, <strong>for</strong> which shereceived her second Oscar <strong>for</strong> Best Actress.Following her 1938 film Bringing Up Baby,she returned to Broadway where she starredin <strong>the</strong> smash hit stage production of ThePhiladelphia Story (1938). She bought <strong>the</strong>film rights herself and turned <strong>the</strong> play intoa movie co-starring Cary Grant and JamesStewart in 1940. In 1942 she made her firstmovie with Spencer Tracy. Woman of <strong>the</strong>Year was <strong>the</strong> start of a 25-year romance,during which <strong>the</strong>y made eight more filmstoge<strong>the</strong>r. She was nominated <strong>for</strong> Best Actresshonors <strong>for</strong> The African Queen (1951, withHumphrey Bogart), Summertime (1955, withRossano Brazzi), The Rainmaker (1956, withBurt Lancaster), and won <strong>for</strong> Guess Who’sComing to Dinner (1967). It was to be herlast film with Tracy, who died a few weekslater. Hepburn also won Best Actress Oscars<strong>for</strong> her roles in The Lion in Winter (1968,with Peter O’Toole) and On Golden Pond(1981, with Henry Fonda).Helen Hayes (1900–1993)Scott # TBDHayes began acting at <strong>the</strong> age of 5 andretired at 85. Her husband CharlesMacArthur was a playwright who was hiredby MGM as a screenwriter in 1931. Thatsame year Hayes made her film debut in TheSin of Madelon Claudet and her role as aprostitute won her an Oscar <strong>for</strong> Best Actress.She became <strong>the</strong> second per<strong>for</strong>mer to win allof acting’s most coveted awards: Best ActressOscar (1931), Best Actress Tony (HappyBirthday, 1947 & Time Remembered, 1958),and Best Actress Emmy (1953). She wouldalso win a Best Supporting Actress Oscar<strong>for</strong> her role in <strong>the</strong> 1970 movie spoof Airport.Ultimately, <strong>the</strong> “First Lady of <strong>the</strong> <strong>American</strong>Theater” would return to her roots onBroadway, saying: “There is no adventure in<strong>the</strong> screen per<strong>for</strong>mances.”Bob Hope (1903–2003)Scott 4406English-born Leslie Townes Hope came toAmerica in 1908, and quickly discoveredthat a boy burdened with an accent and <strong>the</strong>name Leslie needed to develop pugilisticskills to survive in <strong>the</strong> schoolyard. For atime he would even box professionally as“Packy East.” In 1932 Hope met <strong>the</strong> manwho would become his lifelong friend, BingCrosby, and <strong>the</strong> two began per<strong>for</strong>ming songand dance routines toge<strong>the</strong>r. Hope made hisfirst feature-length movie, The Big Broadcastof 1938 starring W.C. Fields, in which heintroduced <strong>the</strong> Oscar-winning song that wasto become his signature piece, “Thanks <strong>for</strong><strong>the</strong> Memory.” Hope’s <strong>Hollywood</strong> career isbest remembered <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> “Road to...” serieshe made with Crosby and <strong>the</strong> DorothyLamour 1940–1952. Intensely patriotic,Hope began entertaining <strong>American</strong> troopsabroad in May 1941 and continued untildoctor’s orders kept him at home in 2003,when he was 100 years old. In 1997 Congressnamed him an honorary U.S. veteran, <strong>the</strong>only person ever to receive this honor. Hehas both a Navy ship and an Air Force cargoplane named after him, <strong>the</strong> USNS Bob Hopeand “The Spirit of Bob Hope.” Hope wasawarded a Congressional Gold Medal in1963, a Presidential Medal of Freedom in1969, and a National Medal of Arts in 1995.In 1985 he received <strong>the</strong> Kennedy CenterHonors Lifetime Achievement Award. Apassionate golfer, Hope once quipped, “Golfis my real profession — show business paysmy greens fees.”


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Movie Stars of <strong>the</strong> Golden AgeCary Grant (2002)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong>37¢ • Scott 3692William S. Hart (2010)Cowboys of <strong>the</strong> Silver Screen44¢ • Scott 4448Helen Hayes (2011)Forever • Scott # TBDAudrey Hepburn(2003)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong>37¢ • Scott 3786Katharine Hepburn(2010)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong>44¢ • Scott 4461Bob Hope (2009)44¢ • Scott 4406


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Movie Stars of <strong>the</strong> Golden AgeGrace Kelly (1929–1982)Scott 2749The daughter of a wealthy Philadelphiafamily, Kelly was working as a part-timeactress and model when she was signed <strong>for</strong><strong>the</strong> co-starring role in High Noon (1952,with Gary Cooper). The following yearshe was cast in Mogambo with Clark Gableand Ava Gardner, <strong>for</strong> which she receiveda Best Supporting Actress nomination.She won her first Academy Award as BestActress playing opposite Bing Crosbyin The Country Girl (1954). She wouldpartner with Crosby and Frank Sinatra in<strong>the</strong> musical comedy High <strong>Society</strong> (1956)and receive her first, and only, goldrecord, <strong>for</strong> her duet with Crosby, “TrueLove.” A favorite of Alfred Hitchcock, shewould star in three of his films: Dial M<strong>for</strong> Murder (1954), Rear Window (1954),and To Catch a Thief (1955). Followingher 1956 marriage to Prince RainierGrimaldi III of Monaco, she gave up heracting career. The 1993 stamp was releasedjointly with Monaco in 1993, but becauseU.S. postal law <strong>for</strong>bids <strong>the</strong> depiction ofa <strong>for</strong>eign head of state, <strong>the</strong> U.S. stampimage is captioned “Grace Kelly” while<strong>the</strong> Monaco release bears <strong>the</strong> imprint“Princess Grace.” It was <strong>the</strong> first time anactress had appeared on a U.S. postagestamp.Marilyn Monroe (1926–1962)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> • Scott 2967Norma Jean Mortenson/Baker spent mostof her childhood in foster homes, andafter a brief marriage at age 16 turnedto modeling. A screen test led to rolesin Ladies of <strong>the</strong> Chorus (1948), AsphaltJungle (1950), All About Eve (1950). In1953, her hair dyed a platinum blonde, sheappeared with Jane Russell in GentlemenPrefer Blondes; that same year, she becamePlayboy magazine’s first nude centerfold(from a 1949 calendar shot). Followinga string of box office hits and two highlypublicized marriages (Joe DiMaggio andArthur Miller), her final film, The Misfits(1961) was played opposite Clark Gable.A year later <strong>the</strong> “Sexiest Woman of <strong>the</strong>Century” was dead, an apparent suicide.Hattie McDaniel (1895–1952)Black Heritage • Scott 3996McDaniel left school at age 15 to travelwith minstrel shows be<strong>for</strong>e landing aregular position singing on a radio showcalled “The Optimistic Do-Nuts” in 1915,<strong>the</strong> first African-<strong>American</strong> woman todo so. After bit parts such as MarleneDietrich’s maid in Blonde Venus (1932)and one of Mae West’s maids in I’m NoAngel (1933), McDaniel received her firstreal recognition <strong>for</strong> a duet she sang withWill Rogers in <strong>the</strong> comedy Judge Priest(1934). Her characters, such as Ka<strong>the</strong>rineHepburn’s hired help in Alice Adams(1935) continued to grow more feisty andassertive until she was cast in <strong>the</strong> role <strong>for</strong>which she will always be remembered,“Mammy” in Gone with <strong>the</strong> Wind (1938).she received an Academy Award as BestSupporting Actress, <strong>the</strong> first black actorever to win an Academy Award. Whencriticized <strong>for</strong> playing servants, McDanielfamously retorted, “I’d ra<strong>the</strong>r play a maidthan be one.”Gregory Peck (1916–2003)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> 2011Scott # TBDPeck was studying pre-med at Universityof Cali<strong>for</strong>nia Berkeley when he decided tochange to acting. His debut on Broadwaywas in The Morning Star (1942), and hemade his first motion picture, Days ofGlory, followed in 1942. He was nominated<strong>for</strong> an Academy Award <strong>for</strong> his second film,The Keys of <strong>the</strong> Kingdom (1944), <strong>for</strong> TheYearling (1946), <strong>for</strong> Gentleman’s Agreement(1947), and <strong>for</strong> Twelve O’Clock High(1949). With a string of successes to hiscredit, Peck felt he could select films thatinterested him, leading to roles as CaptainHoratio Hornblower R.N. (1951) andCaptain Ahab in Moby Dick (1956). Afterfour nominations, he finally won a BestActor Academy Award <strong>for</strong> his powerfulper<strong>for</strong>mance as Atticus Finch in To Kill aMockingbird (1962), his favorite role. Twoof his biggest box office hits were The Gunsof Navarone (1961) and <strong>the</strong> chilling TheBoys from Brazil (1978). He continued toact in movies and in television mini-seriessuch as The Blue and <strong>the</strong> Gray (1982)where he play President Abraham Lincoln.His final film was O<strong>the</strong>r People’s Money(1991). His biggest regret was that he hadnever made a Walt Disney movie.Tom Mix (1880–1940)Cowboys of <strong>the</strong> Silver ScreenScott 4447The son of a Pennsylvania lumberman,Mix joined <strong>the</strong> army somewhere around1898, earned <strong>the</strong> rank of sergeant, but <strong>the</strong>ndeserted around 1902 to marry his firstwife, Grace Allin. Following his return tocivilian life, he worked as a drum majorwith <strong>the</strong> Oklahoma Cavalry Band in 1903and as a bartender and deputy marshalin Dewey, Oklahoma in 1904. He <strong>the</strong>njoined a series of “wild west” shows, finallyending up at Will A. Dickey’s Circle DRanch, which specialized in supplyingcowboys and Indians <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> movies. Hewas hired by Selig Pictures as a horsehandler, making his first move, Life in <strong>the</strong>Great Southwest, in 1910. Mix went on toact, write and act <strong>for</strong> Selig and <strong>the</strong>n <strong>for</strong>Fox Films. Mix and his trick horse, Tony,were <strong>the</strong> most popular western duo of<strong>the</strong> 1920s, making dozens of movies. Heleft <strong>the</strong> industry after one last serial, TheMiracle Rider (1935).Elvis Presley (1935–1977)<strong>American</strong> Music • Scott 2721<strong>American</strong> Music • Scott 2724Although he is remembered as a singer, itis also true that Presley made 33 moviesin his career — most of which, of course,highlighted his remarkable voice. Hisfilms were not necessarily critical hits but<strong>the</strong>y were all profitable, particularly <strong>the</strong>soundtracks. Some of <strong>the</strong> better knownfilm titles include Love Me Tender (1956),GI Blues (1960), Blue Hawaii (1961),Girls! Girls! Girls! (1962), and Viva LasVegas (1964). His favorite per<strong>for</strong>mance,and <strong>the</strong> most critically acclaimed, wasin King Creole (1958). When <strong>the</strong> Beatlesfirst visited America, <strong>the</strong> one person<strong>the</strong>y wanted to meet was Presley, and <strong>the</strong>quartet was able to spend an evening at hisCali<strong>for</strong>nia home. The year he died, Presleywas still <strong>the</strong> number one touring act in <strong>the</strong>United States. He has been elected to <strong>the</strong>Gospel Music Hall of Fame, <strong>the</strong> Rock andRoll Hall of Fame, and <strong>the</strong> Country MusicHall of Fame. The Elvis Presley stampholds <strong>the</strong> record <strong>for</strong> U.S. stamp sales.


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Movie Stars of <strong>the</strong> Golden AgeGrace Kelly (1993)29¢ • Scott 2749Hattie McDaniel(2006) Black Heritage39 ¢• Scott 3996Tom Mix (2010Cowboys of <strong>the</strong>Silver Screen44¢ • Scott 4447Marilyn Monroe(1995) Legends of<strong>Hollywood</strong>32¢ • Scott 2967Gregory Peck (2011)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong>ForeverScott # TBDElvis Presley (1992)<strong>American</strong> Music • 29¢ • Scott 2721Elvis Presley (1993)<strong>American</strong> Music 29¢ • Scott 2724


<strong>Hooray</strong> <strong>for</strong> <strong>Hollywood</strong>!Movie Stars of <strong>the</strong> Golden AgeRonald Reagan (1911–2004)Scott # TBDRonald Reagn is <strong>the</strong> only movie actor (sofar) to have been elected President of <strong>the</strong>United States, a fact reflected in an earlierstamp issue, Scott 3897 (released 2005),honoring him as our 40th President. Aftergraduating from Eureka College in 1932Reagan turned first to a career in radio,becoming a sportscaster <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> ChicagoCubs. When <strong>the</strong> Cubs went to springtraining camp in Cali<strong>for</strong>nia, Reagan wentalong and was hit by <strong>the</strong> acting bug. He tooka screen test in 1937 and over <strong>the</strong> next 20years would make 53 films, mostly B-movieswhere he was typecast as a likeable, easygoingsort of guy. Some that have stood<strong>the</strong> test of time are Knute Rockne — All<strong>American</strong> (1940), Kings Row (1942), andThe Hasty Heart (1950). In 1957 he shared<strong>the</strong> billing with his wife Nancy Davis in HellCats of <strong>the</strong> Navy (1957). With his actingcareer in decline, in <strong>the</strong> 1960s Reaganturned to politics where he entered his morefamous career, first being elected Governorof Cali<strong>for</strong>nia (1967–1975) and <strong>the</strong>nPresident of <strong>the</strong> United States (1981–1989).Roy RogersCowboys of <strong>the</strong> Silver ScreenScott 4446Leonard Franklin Slye moved to Cali<strong>for</strong>niain 1930, where he began to per<strong>for</strong>m withvocal groups. In 1934 he and singing partnerBob Nolan <strong>for</strong>med <strong>the</strong>ir own group, Sonsof <strong>the</strong> Pioneers. Following <strong>the</strong> release of hitsongs such as “Cool Water” and “TumblingTumbleweeds,” <strong>the</strong>y began to be hired asa backup group <strong>for</strong> <strong>the</strong> “singing cowboy”westerns, first in Rhythm on <strong>the</strong> Range(1936), starring Bing Crosby and MarthaRaye. That same year, Rogers first appearedon his own as an actor, playing a banditopposite Gene Autry in The Old Corral. Twoyears later, he replaced Autry in what wouldbecome Rogers’ first starring film, UnderWestern Stars. “The King of <strong>the</strong> Cowboys,”would go on to make nearly 100 films be<strong>for</strong>eturning to television where he hosted TheRoy Rogers Show from 1951–57 on NBCand from 1961–64 on CBS. Along with hisfaithful horse (Trigger), his loyal sidekickGabby Hayes, his love interest (and, later,wife) Dale Evans, and his trusty dog Bullet,Rogers disarmed villains with a single shot(he never killed a bad guy in any of his films)and made <strong>the</strong> west a safer place.Paul Robeson (1898–1976)Black Heritage • Scott 3834Robeson has been called “<strong>the</strong> epitome of<strong>the</strong> 20th-century Renaissance man” — anoutstanding actor, athlete, singer, scholar,author, and political activist who spokeand wrote more than 20 languages. Hegraduated from Rutgers University with14 varsity letters, was a member of <strong>the</strong>Phi Beta Kappa academic honor society,and was valedictorian of his graduatingclass, <strong>the</strong>n went on to earn a law degreefrom Columbia Law School in 1923 whileworking in <strong>the</strong> post office and playingprofessional football. Known <strong>for</strong> hismagnetic per<strong>for</strong>mances on <strong>the</strong> stage and inconcert, Robeson’s first film per<strong>for</strong>mancewas in Oscar Micheaux’s 1925 Body andSoul, where Robeson played twin bro<strong>the</strong>rs,one of whom was a corrupt preacher.His most powerful per<strong>for</strong>mances in <strong>the</strong><strong>American</strong> cinema, however, were <strong>the</strong>film versions of two of his outstandingBroadway roles in The Emperor Jones(1933) and in <strong>the</strong> musical Show Boat(1936, available only on VHS).Frank Sinatra (1915–1998)Scott 4265From his early days as a saloon singer inHoboken, New Jersey, Sinatra’s goldenthroat and street-savvy appearancepropelled him into <strong>the</strong> world of bigbands (Harry James and Tommy Dorsey)and into <strong>the</strong> dreams of thousands of“bobbysoxers.” When he added actingto his singing career <strong>the</strong> result would beequally magical: Anchors Aweigh (1945,with Gene Kelly), On <strong>the</strong> Town (1949,again with Gene Kelly), and Guys andDolls (1955, with Marlon Brando). ButSinatra’s talent <strong>for</strong> dramatic roles wasequally impressive. He won an Oscar asBest Supporting Actor <strong>for</strong> his role in FromHere to Eternity (1953), followed by strongdramatic per<strong>for</strong>mances in The Man with<strong>the</strong> Golden Arm (1955), The ManchurianCandidate (1962) — often cited as his bestfilm — and Von Ryan’s Express (1965).Along <strong>the</strong> way <strong>the</strong>re were lighter offerings,such as <strong>the</strong> original Oceans 11 (1960),Sergeants 3 (1963), and Robin and <strong>the</strong> 7Hoods (1964). He continued to per<strong>for</strong>m inconcert and to record albums until shortlybe<strong>for</strong>e his death.Edward G. Robinson(1893–1973)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> • Scott 3446The young Emanuel Goldberg planned tobecome a lawyer or a rabbi, but took upacting and a new name in 1913. His filmdebut was a small part in <strong>the</strong> silent filmThe Bright Shawl (1923), but sound suitedhim The snarling, nasal “thug’s” voice hecreated <strong>for</strong> Rico Bandello in Little Caesar(1931) has been imitated by generationsof actors and was <strong>the</strong> inspiration <strong>for</strong><strong>the</strong> voice of Chief Clancy Wiggum on“The Simpsons.” He died two weeks afterfinishing <strong>the</strong> science fiction film SoylentGreen (1973) with Charles Heston.James Stewart (1908–1997)Legends of <strong>Hollywood</strong> • Scott 4197The classic “good guy,” soft-spoken witha slight drawl to his voice, Stewart wasan immediate hit with movie audiences.His appearance as Eleanor Powell’sleading man in Born to Dance (1936)was quickly followed by such films asYou Can’t Take It with You (1938), Mr.Smith Goes to Washington (1939, withJean Arthur), Destry Rides Again (1939),and The Shop Around <strong>the</strong> Corner (1940,with Margaret Sullavan). Stewart sent hisBest Actor Oscar <strong>for</strong> The PhiladelphiaStory (1940) home to his fa<strong>the</strong>r, who putit on display in his hardware store inIndiana, Pennsylvania, where it remainedon display <strong>for</strong> 25 years. He was <strong>the</strong> firstmovie star to enlist in <strong>the</strong> U.S. armed<strong>for</strong>ces during World War II and becamea decorated Air Force war hero. Hisper<strong>for</strong>mance in It’s a Wonderful Life (1948,with Donna Reed) remained his personalfavorite. In <strong>the</strong> 5th edition of 1001 MoviesYou Must See Be<strong>for</strong>e You Die, Stewart was<strong>the</strong> second most represented actor with 13“must see” films.

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