Best Practices for Going Green - Iowa League of Cities

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Best Practices for Going Green - Iowa League of Cities

Iowa League of Cities 2012 Annual Conference & ExhibitBest PracticesforGoing GreenHandouts and presentations are available online at www.iowaleague.org


Best Practices for Going Green1:30-2:15pm Working Together- Overview of DNR ProgramsThomas Anderson | Iowa Department of Natural Resources2:15-2:45pm Municipal CompostingShelene Codner | Iowa Waste Exchange Area Specialist2:45-3:00pm Break3:00-3:30pm Iowa Energy Bank, Energy Efficient Public BuildingsMonica Stone | Program Manager | Iowa DAS3:30-4:30pm Sustainable Solutions from the City of PerryEnergy Production, Brownfield Redevelopments and More…Jim Halverson | Sr. Project Manager | HR Green, Inc.Butch Niebuhr | City Administrator | Perry


Working Together:Programs of the Financialand Business Assistance SectionIowa League of Cities ConferenceSeptember 26, 2012


Working Togetherwww.iowadnr.gov/FABA


Working TogetherThe FABA Section is working with Iowacommunities, business, industry, schools andhouseholds in your community to achieveEnvironmental Success and Financial Results


Working Together The Financial and Business AssistanceSection (FABA) provides:• Non-regulatory services• Financial assistance• Technical assistance


Working Together FABA Funding Sources:• Solid Waste Tonnage Fee• Federal Grants


Working TogetherFABA Programs:• Solid Waste Alternatives Program (SWAP)• Iowa Waste Exchange (IWE)• Regional Collection Centers (RCC)• Derelict Building Grant Program• Pollution Prevention Services (P2)• Environmental Management SystemProgram (EMS)• Beautification Grant Program


Working TogetherSolid Waste Alternatives Program (SWAP) Purpose: to reduce the amount of solidwaste generated and the amount of solidwaste landfilled Eligibility: must have an interest in orresponsibility for management of solidwaste in Iowa


Working Together Funding Alternatives: generally based onamount of award• Forgivable loans: $20,000 +/-• 0% loans: next $150,000 +/-• 3% loans: remainder of award


Working Together Applications• Reviewed on a quarterly basis (Jan, Apr, July, Oct)• New application forms – shorter/streamlined• Project requests of over $20,000• Projects requests of $20,000 or less 25% cash match for all budget line itemsrequesting funding assistance


Working TogetherAll Awards• $67 million◦ $42 million awarded as agrant or forgivable loan◦ $25 million repayable• 753 awards◦ 343 Local Gov’t/Public◦ 249 Private For Profit◦ 161 Not For ProfitCommunity Awards• $4.3 million◦ 70% awarded as a grant orforgivable loan◦ $1.3 million repayable• 62 awards to communities


Working Together• Awards – community specific◦ 33 recycling related◦ 15 composting related◦ 3 education related◦ 8 waste reduction related◦ 1 each of sustainable design, combustion◦ with energy recovery and demonstration◦ projects


Working TogetherCity of Le Mars• Phased program to implementsingle stream residential recycling• $60,000 awarded over 3 years• Over 1,038 tons diverted• More than $40,000 saved inlandfill fees


Working Together• Numerous curbside anddrop-off recyclingprograms initiated andexpanded• Council Bluffs - glasscrusher for beneficialreuse locally as well asmarketable material• Ames recovery of metals,a glass crusher and asystem to recover fines forcombustion


Working Together DAC – Maquoketa• 1567.9 tons recycled annually Horizons Unlimited – Emmetsburg• Recycling• Document destruction• Container redemption Genesis Development – Jefferson and Boone• Recycling• Container redemption Habitat for Humanity/ReStore• New and reusable materials


Working TogetherIowa Waste Exchange (IWE) Matches business/industry, government,school, and hospital by-products andunwanted materials with others desiringthose materials• No cost• Non-regulatory• Confidential service


Working Together Since 1990 the Iowa Waste Exchange has• matched 3.2 million tons of material• saved Iowans $76 million by diverting thesematerials into production and reuse IWE representatives are available to helpanyone looking for a specific item or hasitems they are willing to give away


Working Together To search for wanted materials• http://programs.iowadnr.gov/iwe/searchmaterials.aspx Want to add available material?• http://programs.iowadnr.gov/iwe/AddAvailableMaterial.aspx Want to add a wanted material?• http://programs.iowadnr.gov/iwe/AddWantedMaterial.aspx


Working TogetherIowa Waste Exchange Service Areas


Working TogetherIowa Waste Exchange ContactsArea 1 Fred Kesten 1009 E. Anthony St.PO Box 768Carroll, IA 51401Phone: 712.792-9914fkesten@region12cog.orgArea 2 Shelene Codner 2006 S. Ankeny Blvd.Bldg 18, Rm. 25DAnkeny, IA 50023Phone: 515-965-7194scodner@region12cog.orgArea 3Jeff SchleeBen Kvigne229 E. Park Ave.Waterloo, IA 50703Phone: 319-235-0311Phone: 319-235-0311Ext.125jschlee@inrgog.orgbkvigne@inrocog.orgArea 4 Bart Knox 700 16 th St. NE, Suite 301Cedar Rapids, IA 52402Phone: 319-365-9941Ext. 121bart.knox@ecicog.orgArea 5 Julie Plummer 306 West River Dr.Davenport, IA 52801Phone: 563-336-3319jplummer@eicc.eduArea 6 Jim Reimer 2041 715 th Ave.Albia, IA 52531Phone: 641-938-2845jimreimer.iwe@gmail.com


Working TogetherRegional Collection Centers (RCCs) Collection / temporary storage of householdhazardous materials (HHMs) awaiting properdisposal Residential HHMs - no charge Conditionally Exempt Small QuantityGenerators (GESQG) - required to pay anominal fee


Working TogetherWhat are HHMs?Any product that contains one or more of the followingsignal words• Warning• Caution• Danger• PoisonThese products exhibit the following characteristics• Toxic• Flammable• Corrosive• ReactiveExceptions include personal care products and bleach


Working TogetherRegional Collection Centers• Accept and package HHMs from residences and CESQGbusinesses for proper disposal• Assist with HHM disposal in response to disasters• Implement HHM public awareness initiatives• Remove the most toxic component of the MSW stream• Decreased risk of fire, explosion & equipment damage• Increased worker safety and environmental protection• Provide material exchange shops for usable items


Working Together1996• 7 counties and 10 communities served• 4 main facilities• No mobile collection2012• 91 counties with RCC service• 66 fixed facilities• Mobile collection events


Working Together RCC collection and disposal services areprovided in 3 ways• Main Facility – permanent, often open year round• Satellite Facility – permanent, some open yearround most generally open April - November• Mobile Service – no fixed facility, served byperiodic collection events conducted by mainfacility


Working Together2011 RCC Services• 52,337 households disposed of HHMs through aRegional Collection Center• 5,305,208 lbs of HHMs were managed• 101 lbs of HHMs per household properly disposed• Numerous community presentations, facility toursand mobile collection events


PoundsWorking TogetherTotal HHMs Managed 2007 - 20116,000,0005,000,0004,000,0003,000,0002,000,0001,000,00002007 2008 2009 2010 2011


Working Together• 10 kids drink windshield wiperfluid at daycare• Owner surrenders license• Colorful liquid mistaken forKool-Aid


Working TogetherGARAGE FIRE: Fire officials inCedar Rapids say rags used in staining woodspontaneously combusted Sunday causing afire in a garageCedar Rapids officials say rags and towels used instaining some wood erupted into a fire thatdestroyed a detached garage.A Fire Department news release says firefighterswere able to keep flames from spreading to a nearbyhouse on Sunday afternoon.The department says grandson had been stainingwood. The can of stain and towels and rags he usedwere put into the garage, which was closed.The department says it appears the pile of rags andtowels spontaneously combusted as thetemperature rose inside the closed garage. The firealso damaged a car and other stored items.Fire Department spokesman said that cloth itemsused for staining with flammable products should bestored in lidded metal containers filled with water.Mercury Spill in NW Iowa:Northwest Iowa authorities are dealing with a ratherunusual hazardous chemical spill. A large quantity ofmercury was discovered in a residence in the town ofArmstrong. Emmet County Emergency ManagementCoordinator Terry Reekers says the initial call reportingthe mercury release came in shortly after eighto’clock Monday morning.“This mercury was actually at a residence and somechildren had gotten into it and become exposed to it andwe activated our emergency response plans,” Reekerssays. “…We found a quantity of between 20 and 25pounds of liquid mercury.”Someone took the mercury to a business and thecontainer holding the dangerous liquid was dropped.“There were people exposed in that business,” Reekerssays, “and there’s also going to be some clean-up issuesthere.”Mercury exposure at high levels can harm the brain,heart, kidney, lungs and immune system of people of allages.“It could be a long-term issue and especially with thechildren,” Reekers says.


Working TogetherAugust 2002Des Moines, IA - A 20-year old suffered severe burnswhen he accidentally drank from a plastic Gatoradebottle that someone had filled with sodium hydroxide(drain cleaner). He reportedly lost his taste buds andthree layers of skin from his mouth and throat.April 2001Waterville, ME - Two sanitation workers were taken tothe hospital following a chemical reaction during aresidential trash pick up. Discarded chemicals mixedtogether and reacted after being compacted in thegarbage truck. The plastic, antifreeze, paint, paintthinner, and chlorine tablets produced fumes given offfrom the truck. This event prompted city officials to holda special waste pick up day in the fall.July 2002Grad Ronde, OR - Two children were killed and threeother family members severely burned after the vehiclethey were traveling in exploded. The explosion occurredwhen two chemicals, powdered chlorine (commonlyused in home pools) and engine degreaser mixedtogether in the cargo area of the family's suburban.


Working TogetherMercury SpillAugust 27, 2009, IDNR called the Spill Line to report amercury spill at a residence in XXXXXXX, Iowa. The spillof mercury was said to have occurred in the basement.Initial claims were that approximately 1/2 teaspoon ofmercury from a jar had spilled in the basement whilechildren, ages 10, 12 and 14, were playing with it. Thechildren have been playing with the mercury for about onemonth.Further conversations with IDNR and the hazmat teamrevealed that the property owner is an electrician withseveral mercury thermometers located on his workbench inthe basement. These thermometers are the likely sourcefor the mercury. The children probably broke some of thethermometers open to access the mercury.Workers have been sent to the residence to overseecleanup and screening of surrounding areas into which thechildren may have tracked the mercury.Swallowed batteryhazards: ER visits doubleSusan and Mark thought they had made their home safe fortheir new baby with covers on all the electrical outlets and childproof latches on all the kitchen cabinets. But they didn’t realizethat there was another danger lurking in the house – the tinylithium battery powering the remote control.When he was 15 months-old Max somehow managed topry open the remote, dig out the battery and swallow it. Theyrushed him to the emergency room when he started vomiting.And doctors soon had him in an X-ray machine where the batterycould be seen clearly; it was lodged in little Max’s throat.Every three hours a child shows up in a U.S. emergencyroom with a battery that’s been swallowed or placed in themouth, ears or nose, a new study shows.That number is almost double what it was 20 years ago,according to the report published in Pediatrics Monday.The main culprits are “button batteries,” which account for almost85 percent of the ER visits, researchers found. These coinshapedbatteries seem to be ubiquitous nowadays, turning up ina wide variety of electronic devices, from toys, to remotecontrols, to watches.


Working TogetherFire Chief: Bug Bombs Fueled HouseExplosionOMAHA, Neb. -- A home explosion in Red Oak last weekwas caused by bug defoggers, investigators said onTuesday. On April 11, two persons ages 23 and 25, werehurt in the explosion.According to the Iowa State Fire Marshal's Office, the blastwas the result of excessive bug fogger devices. Thepropellant used in the fogger device is flammable andultimately caused the explosion, the investigator said. Thewomen remain hospitalized in critical …...


Working Together


Reported PoisoningsWorking TogetherIowa Poison Control CenterReported HHM Poisonings14,00012,00010,0008,0006,0004,0002,00007,19013,0959,7415,882 5,4128,805Under Age SixTotal Poisonings9,480 9,4005,241 5,1682007 2008 2009 2010 2011Year


Working Togetherwww.safesmartsolutions.org


Working TogetherDerelict Building Grant Program Provides smaller Iowa communities and ruralcounties financial assistance to• address neglected commercial and public structures• improve community appearance• revitalize local economies Funded by the Solid Waste Alternatives Program• $400,000 annually


Working TogetherProblems with derelict buildings• Impairs development• Blight on community• Harbor for vectors• Fire hazard• Attracts illegal dumping• Public safety threat (falling debris, unstable interior,etc.)• Threats to public health and the environment (asbestos,lead-based paint, hazardous materials, etc.)


Working TogetherTypical Issues• Asbestos• Collapsed roof• Deteriorated facades• Bowing wallsTypical Solutions• Asbestos remediation• Renovation• Deconstruction• Economic development• Public open space


Working Together Iowa Code places emphasis on landfill diversionthrough reuse and recycling of building materials.• The more material diverted for reuse and recycling thegreater the grant amount / less community match Eligible applicants include:• communities of 5,000 or less• unincorporated county populations of 5,000 or less◦ structure(s) must be owned or in process of being ownedby the community or county


Working TogetherCity of Epworth• Deconstructing oldschool building• Wood, brick, andother materialsreused• Saved landfill fees


Working TogetherFunding is available for:Certified asbestos inspection• 100% reimbursementStructural engineering assessment• 100% reimbursement up to $1,500Phase I Environmental Site Assessment• 100% reimbursement up to $3,000Phase II Environmental Site Assessment (if required)• 50% reimbursement up to $2,500


Working TogetherFunding is available for continued: Asbestos contaminated material removal• 100% removal up to $10,000• 50% reimbursement for costs exceeding $10,000 Building renovation• 50% reimbursement not to exceed $50,000 Building deconstruction• 50% reimbursement not to exceed $50,000


Working Together1 st application round results• 39 applications received• $1.2 million requested• 15 projects selected• $730,000 awarded• Cash match of $561,0002 nd application round deadline• anticipated in Winter 2013• funding beginning July 2014


Working TogetherPollution Prevention Services (P2 Services) Engineers work primarily with large businessand industry to identify and implementprojects leading to economic andenvironmental benefits P2 Intern Program Companies host an intern to work on specificproject(s)


Working TogetherTechnical assessment services Confidential• Per Iowa Code and program policy all clientinformation remains confidential Non-Regulatory• Assistance does not involve environmentalregulations No Cost• P2 technical assistance is provided to all clientsfree of charge


Working Together Company savings are a result of processimprovements and resource efficiencies P2 engineer assessments cover• Energy• Water• Solid Waste


Working TogetherHow does the P2 Services and P2 InternPrograms help my community?


Working Together Creston Manufacturer• Water use reduction, wastewater treatment Decorah Manufacturer• Water use reduction, water reuse and wastewatertreatment Knoxville, Sheldon, Spirit Lake, Dallas Center• Reduced solid waste generation


Working TogetherEnvironmental Management System (EMS) Voluntary program for solid waste planningareas and permitted facility service areas Encourages responsible environmentalmanagement while promoting environmentalstewardship and continuous improvement Funded through the Solid Waste AlternativesProgram ~$660,000 annually


Working TogetherSix required program areas:• Yard waste management• Household hazardous waste• Water quality• Greenhouse gas reduction• Recycling• Environmental education


Working TogetherHow does the Environmental ManagementSystem Program impact my community?


Working Together• Solid waste agencies take the EMS lead• Every community is a member of a solid wastemanagement plan that governs the agency’sactions• Projects can take place at public or privatesector facilities• In other words, EMS grant monies can be usedthroughout the community


Working Together Cass County Solid Waste Agency• purchased a yard waste chipper that eachcommunity may "check out” Several of the EMS participants used fundsto bolster community recycling programs• Scott County: drop-off bins for multifamilyhousing units• Dubuque County: recycling drop-off container foran underserved town• Appanoose County: community event recyclingcontainers and increased the number ofcardboard drop-off containers in communities


Working TogetherBeautification Grant ProgramBeautification Grant Program created during the 2010-2011 legislativesession Four (4) year program ending June 30, 2014Funding Source: the Solid Waste Alternatives ProgramDNR directed to contract with 1 applicantMonies to be used for:• Public education and awareness initiative designed to reduce litter and illegaldumping• Community partnership projects designed to support communitybeautification Eligible communities – population of < 5,000 Funded through the Solid Waste Alternatives Program - $200,000annually


Working Together Contractor: Keep Iowa Beautiful Example projects implemented• 21 community beautification• 16 rundown building assistance• Teacher training sessions to integrate• Clean and Green curriculum support• environmental issues into core curriculum• service learning projects (i.e. litter pickup,recycling, plantings, etc.)


Working Together For more information contact Keep IowaBeautiful• Gerry Schnepf, Executive Directorgschnepf@keepiowabeautiful.com Website• www.keepiowabeautiful.com


Working TogetherFABA Program ContactsSolid Waste Alternatives ProgramJim Bodensteiner 515-281-8672jim.bodensteiner@dnr.iowa.govDerelict Building ProgramScott Flagg 515-281-4876scott.flagg@dnr.iowa.govIowa Waste ExchangeBill Blum 515-281-8176bill.blum@dnr.iowa.govRegional Collection CentersKathleen Hennings 515-281-5859kathleen.hennings@dnr.iowa.govPollution Prevention ServicesJeff Fiagle 515-281-5353jeff.fiagle@dnr.iowa.govEnvironmental ManagementSystemsLeslie Goldsmith 515-281-8499leslie.goldsmith@dnr.iowa.govTom Anderson 515-281-8623tom.anderson@dnr.iowa.gov


Working TogetherQuestions?


Iowa Waste ExchangeReduceA Confidential ,Non-Regulatory,No CostProgram of theIowa Department ofNatural ResourcesReuseRecycle


IDNRFABAFINANCIALANDBUSINESSASSISTANCEGROUPP2POLLUTIONPREVENTIONSERVICESSWAPSOLID WASTEALTERNATIVESPROGRAMIWEIOWA WASTEEXCHANGE


Iowa Laws – Yard WasteYard Waste Collection – Local Governmentsresponsible for offering a yard waste collectionprogram (i.e. curbside or drop-off).Yard Waste Collection requirement is met throughmunicipal compost facility.


Compost Facility RequirementsPermitting – Iowa Administrative Code 567 Chapter105.Written notification of intent must be received by IDNRand must include:• Location/legal description.• Landowners name, telephone number and mailing address.• Name, telephone number and address of responsible party• Annual capacity of the facility• Method of composting to be used (windrow/digestion, etc.)• Source of yard waste and bulking agents.


Compost Facility RequirementsSitingWhen siting a new compost facility it must be located:• 500 feet from any existing residence• 200 feet from public wells• 100 feet from private wells• 100 feet from ponds, streams, lakes or rivers.


Compost Facility RequirementsSurfacesAll weather surface is required including:• Compacted soil or clay• Compact granular aggregates• Concrete• Asphalt• Compact asphalt millings• Facilities must be designed to prevent water run-off


Procedure – Large or small operation• Adding ingredients• Maintaining proper temperature (140-160 F)• Turning• Maintaining moisture• Harvesting• Aerating (maintaining oxygen)


Compost Facility Resources Needed• Capital Investment (land, impermeable surface, equipment).• Administrative (permitting, compliance, reporting)• Onsite labor (loading/unloading residents, or pick-up ofmaterials, turning, grinding, etc.)• Public education and marketing.• Outlets for finished compost product – municipal use,residential use or selling of materials (If selling must reportto ADALS).


Encouraging Residential CompostingBenefits• Reduce amount of yard waste going to the municipal facilitythus reducing overhead. Also reduces other organics (foodwaste) from going to the landfill.• Assists residents in creating a value added, high quality soilamendment that can be utilized in aesthetically pleasingpursuits (beautifying your community). Vibrant gardens with nochemicals (reduces air and water contamination and savesmoney).• Environmentally responsible/promotes environmentalstewardship.


Encouraging Residential Composting• Sponsor/host vermicomposting/composting workshops.• Distribute vermicomposting/composting information.• Partner with other entities in encouraging residential and evenbusiness composting.• Sponsor/host bin sale or a “make your own” demonstration.


Encouraging Residential Composting


Encouraging Residential Composting


Types/Design• Static piles• Lasagna composting• Bin composting• Tumbler composting• Vermicompostingwww.rainbarrelsiowa.com


Procedure – Large or small operation• Adding ingredients• Maintaining proper temperature• Turning• Maintaining moisture• Harvesting• AerationOR• Do Nothing


Static Pile• Easier to obtain optimaltemperatures over bin andtumbler composting• Nothing to build• No expense• Moveable


Lasagna Composting/Sheet Composting• Layers of “Browns andGreens”• Tilled into garden• Difficulty in winter months• Limited on materials


Bin Composting• Can be expensive• Can make your own• Limited capacity• Good if space is anissue• Difficulty in turning• Optimal temperatureswww.gdmhabitat.org


Custom Bins• Three bins are best• One to fill• One for curing• One to turn others into or to draw from


Tumbling Composters• Can be expensive• Can make your own• Limited capacity• Good if space is anissue• Simple turning• Optimal temperatures


Custom Tumblers• Need more than one• Kick the Can Composting


Vermicomposting● Can make your own● Limited capacity● Optimal temperatures● Higher maintenance


Materials Recommended• Yard waste• Kitchen scraps• Paper• Cardboard/Chipboard• Air• Water• The smaller the pieces the faster theprocess – i.e. shredded paper vs. wholesheets of paper


Materials Not Recommended• Meat scraps• Bones• Dairy products• Pet waste• Diseased plants• Invasive weeds• Whole Coconuts


C:N ratio• Should be 30 parts carbon to 1 part nitrogenby weight• Equal weight of each would give youapproximately 30:1 ratio for pileI shoot for 60% Carbon and 40% Nitrogen


Browns and GreensBrowns (Carbon)LeavesDirtPaper/CardboardWood chipsStrawGreens (Nitrogen)Grass clippingsPlant clippingsFertilizerFood wasteManures


Maintenance• Active• Turn often (aeration)• Keep moist• Have proper ratio of C:N (60/40)• 1 – 2 months (depending on ingredients)• Passive (Do Nothing)• May take up to 6-12 months (depending oningredients)


Applications• Enriches soils with nutrients and minerals• Improves health and yield of plants/crops• Helps with moisture retention• Improves tilth• Assists in balancing pH in existing soils• Eliminates/reduces commercial chemicalapplications


How Much?• For Mulching spread 1-3 inches of composton beds in fall or spring• As a Soil Amendment before planting newbeds, use 1-3 inches dug or tilled into thesoil. (Use 3 inches to improve sandy soils, or1-2 inches for heavy clay soils)


TroubleshootingOdorNot heating upVisits from verminToo much moistureToo many greensNot enough waterNot enough greens.Food waste exposedMeat and/or dairy in compostTurn the pileReduce waterAdd brownsAdd waterAdd greensNo meat or dairyBury food wastes


Questions?Contact InformationShelene CodnerArea Resource Specialist(319) 404-1942scodner@region12cog.org


Best Practices for Going GreenBreak2:45-3:00pm


IOWA ENERGY BANKPublic & Non-Profit Energy Services


Why NOT Energy Efficiency?“Energyefficiency islabor intensiveand unsexy……Saving energyis number 11 onpeople’s top 10list of things todo.”- Matt Wald,National PressCorps There has to be a way for usto make energy efficiency acompelling “no brainer” Environment Economy Quality of life


Energy Environmental ImpactIowa DNR 2010 StatewideEmissions InventoryTotal 2010 statewidegross GHG emissionsincreased:* 5.5% from 2009* 10.7% from 2005This was due toincreases in theamount of fossil fuelcombusted in theelectric power andresidential,commercial, industrial(RCI) sectors.


Return on InvestmentSource: CNN/Money April 2012


Iowa’s EconomySources: USDA/NRCS & USDOE Energy Information Administration


Strong Communities“Sometimes youcan get whatyou want andwhat you needat the sametime.”SafeWealthNoHungerQuality ofLifeCleanCultureEducationTourismRecreation- Robert FulghumJustJobsWalkable


The Energy BankTimeExpertiseYOURCOORDINATINGPARTNERMoneyMonitoring


Save MoneyBefore Energy Improvements:• You pay your utility billAfter Energy Improvements:• You pay your utility bill• You pay your debt service…but you pay the same amount


Ensure QualityEnergy Rep•Right study for your building•Initial walk-throughTechnicalQuality•Qualified professional analysis with review•Coordinate with utilityMonitoring•On-site review of facility annually•Energy bill tracking to see savings


Save TimeEven with money and theright information, time isan important factor inmaking energyimprovementsYour Energy Rep takes thetime to:• package all of your energywork• bring the right information andresources to you• recommend good investmentsLike ToHave To


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The Energy Bank TeamProgramManagerProgramOfficerEasternIowaWesternIowaTechnicalMonica Stone Brenda Easter Mike Porter Greg Wilde Lee Vannoy(515) 725-2218 (515) 725-2239 (515) 725-2270 (515) 281-6051 (515) 681-1408Monica.stone@iowa.govBrenda.easter@iowa.govMike.porter@iowa.govGreg.wilde@iowa.govLee.vannoy@iowa.gov


Progressive Strides TowardCommunity Sustainability andEnergy EfficienciesPresented to: Iowa League of CitiesSeptember 26, 2012


Agenda• Introductions• Perry, Iowa Profile – A Typical Iowa Community• Alternatives & Process• Challenges• Sustainability Achievements• Lessons Learned• Questions


Introduction• Butch Niebuhr• City Administrator, City of Perry, Iowa – since 2004• Water Superintendent1986 – 2009• In city government since 1980• Jim Halverson• Practice Leader, CommunityRedevelopment &Sustainability• 25 Years of Experience• Approx. 15 years in local governmentButch Niebuhr Jim Halverson


Perry, Iowa Profile• Located 40 Miles Northwest of DesMoines, Iowa in Dallas County• Population 7,702 – .9% Growth in theLast Year• 4.18 Square Miles• Formerly a Major Railroad Junction• Significant segment of citizens qualifyas Low to Moderate Income


Challenges• Industrial Brownfields• Inflated Operational Costs• Low to Moderate Income TaxBase• Growing minority population• Limited financial resources toachieve sustainability goalsSocialEconomicEnvironmental


Sustainability Achievements• Brownfields Redevelopment• EPA Brownfields Grantee• Iowa Brownfield RedevelopmentFund Grantee• REAP funding Grantee• NREL Technical Assistance(Repowering Feasibility Studies)Project Case StudyCity of Perry, IA


Sustainability Achievements• Recycling Center• Reduced waste to land-fill by 30%• Incorporating a 5 kW wind turbine hasreduced electric utility costs by 50%Project Case StudyCity of Perry, IA


Sustainability Achievements• City Hall and McCreary Community Building (MCB)Energy Improvements• HVAC Heating and Cooling System• LED Lighting Retrofit• Energy Efficient Roof ReplacementProject Case StudyCity of Perry, IA


Sustainability Achievements• Trail Improvements• Secured REAP and Iowa Brownfield Redevelopment fundsto acquire and convert a former rail line into a trail andinterpretive trail head• Removed a former rail maintenance facility and associatedfacilities that became an attractive nuisanceProject Case StudyCity of Perry, IA


Sustainability Achievements• Downtown Streetscape• Implementing a multi-phase streetscape improvementproject designed to enhance the public right-of-way in thishistoric district• Augmented with a designation as a Cultural District• Implementing a program to enhance energy savingsthrough a lighting programProject Case StudyCity of Perry, IA


Sustainability Achievements• Governor’s Environmental ExcellenceAward• Redeveloped formerly contaminated sites, increasedenergy efficiency at public buildings and implemented windenergy generation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions• Creatively used a combination of public and private fundingto meet its ambitious sustainability objectives.• Perry has also led the way for surrounding communities byimplementing new and innovative technologies to attainsustainabilityProject Case StudyCity of Perry, IA


Sustainability Achievements• Perry Sustainability Grant Project• Target several City facilities to that could result in a reduction inthe community’s carbon footprint and realize energy cost savings• Multi-Modal Transportation Network• Lighting within the Cultural District• Wastewater Treatment Plant• Water Treatment PlantProject Case StudyCity of Perry, IA


Sustainability Achievements• WWTP Alternative Wind Energy• 50kW + 5 kW = 55kW Capacity• Estimated 150,000 kWh Power Per YearGenerated• Produces Enough Power to ProvideElectricity to 14 Averaged Size Homes(Power Used for WWTP Consumption)• Realizing up to 50% savings in monthlyutility costs• AERLP Funding – among othersProject Case StudyCity of Perry, IACost: $275,000


Energy Market Drivers• National Energy Security• Climate Change Concerns (e.g. New SourcePerformance Standards for Coal)• Cost De-escalation for Renewable Technologies• Electricity Cost Escalation


Wind Project Development Process


Project Identification & Pre-FeasibilityAnalysis• Discussions between HR Green and Perry to identify thecity’s sustainability priorities• Wind power project was identified in this process• Evaluate the feasibility of addressing those priorities• Concept design and budget pricing• Discussion and culling exercise to eliminate lessdesirable/feasible projects• Ultimately we wanted to make this project work!• Significant attention was spent on evaluating the financials andstructuring the agreement so it is beneficial to both parties


Project Implementation• City’s Role:• Lease land• Enter into a Power Purchase Agreement with Alliant• Lease the wind turbine from HR Green with the goal of purchasing• HR Green’s Role:• Secure financing• Purchase wind turbine• Construct and maintain the facility over the term of the lease• Researching and determining the best structure and time frame forHR Green and the City• Alliant Energy’s Role:• Provide a long-term interconnection/power purchase agreement withthe City


Financial Analysis• Secure private lender financing with no guarantee by the City -$274,000 commitment• Consistent with the purchase price• Alternative Energy Revolving Loan Fund (AERLP) - $137,000• 50% of purchase price @ 0% interest for 15 years• U.S. Treasury Department reimbursement - $82,200• 1603 Grant – awards 30% of project cost• Property Tax Exemption – 100% for first 5 years• Accelerated depreciation on the facility• Federal Production Tax Credits• Owner receives 2.2 cents per kWh credited to Corporate Income Tax for first 10years of operation• Iowa Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit• Owner receives 1.5 cents per kWh credited to Corporate Income Tax for 10 years• Sell back to City following fifth year of operation


Environmental Impact Analysis• Wetlands & Streams• Threatened and Endangered Species• Farmland• Environmental Contamination• Cultural Resources• Identify potential archeological and historically significantresources• Very important when federal money involved


Project Engineering, Bidding, ConstructionProcess• Concept Design & Budget Pricing• Approx. 0.5 – 1% of construction costs• Preliminary Design phase• Approx. 1 – 2% of construction cost• Deliverable includes a 25 – 30% plan set• Before entering into Preliminary Design, Client providesa letter of intent or development agreement• Project was not “bid.” Rather, the City entered into alease agreement with HR Green• Employed a Design/Build/Own/Operate model


Funding Alternatives• Leverage Local and FederalCommitments• Link Funding Needs toAppropriate FundingOptions• HR Green Has SuccessfullyLeveraged Over $100Million For Projects


Iowa Energy Center Alternative EnergyRevolving Loan Program (AERLP)• Provides up to $1 million for most applicants• Up to $500,000 for non-rate regulated gas and electricutilities• Terms:• Interest – 0%• Term – 20 years (max)• Loan cap – 50% of financed project costs• Application deadlines:• October 31• January 31• April 30• July 31• Renewable Technologies: solar, landfill gas, wind,biomass, and hydroelectric


Role of Renewable Energy Credits (REC’s)• A renewable energy certificate can be sold to offsetpower use of a company located in a city far away fromthe power plant.• Once the certificate has been sold, it is used to offset thebuyer’s electrical use and meet state requirements.• At that point, the certificate is retired as it can only beused one time for one power offset.


Community DevelopmentBlock Grant (CDBG)• Community Facilities and Services Fund• Incorporated Cities and Counties Eligible Under Title 1,Section 105 of the Housing and Community DevelopmentAct of 1974• Designed for Low and Moderate Income• $11 Million CDBG Funds Available Through theWater/Sewer Fund• $300,000 - $800,000 Available Per Community(Dependent on Population)http://www.iowaeconomicdevelopment.com/community/community/default.aspx


Sustainable Community DemonstrationProjects• Also, CDBG funds• Funds are set aside for sustainable community and/or downtownrevitalization funding to facilitate innovative, cutting edge solutionsto make Iowa communities more environmentally, economically, andculturally viable• Applications can be submitted anytime but are subject to aconsultation with t program staff and submission of a pre-application• Eligibility considerations:• Fewer than 50,000 citizens• Project owned by local government or non-profit (government must be theapplicant)• Projects for buildings involved in conducting general government operationsare not eligible• Must prevent or eliminate slum and blighting conditions; or benefit low- andmoderate-income persons• Populations greater than 1,000 can receive up to $500,000


Sustainable InfrastructureLeadership• HR Green• Transportation Services• Water/Wastewater Services• Construction Services• Senior Living Building Services• Governmental Services• Energy Services


HR Green and Sustainability• Charter Members of Institute ForSustainable Infrastructure (ISI)• Quality of Life• Leadership• Resource Allocation• Natural World• Climate and Risk


Energy Services• Development of Clean andSustainable Energy SystemsWhich Include Methane, Windand Solar• Feasibility Studies• Engineering Design• Equipment Procurement• Facility Construction• OperationsLinn County, IAServing Communities, Utilities,Institutional and Private Sector Clients


Energy Business Line• Focus On Clean Energy Technologies• Design, Bid, Build Model• Engineer, Procure, Construct Business Model• Design, Build, Own, Operate (DBOO) Model• PPA and FMV Lease Opportunities• Core Practices – Wind, Methane, Solar


Thank you!• For more information, please contact:• Butch Niebuhr, City Administrator• Phone: (515) 465-2481• E-mail: butch.niebuhr@perryia.org• Jim Halverson, Principal – HR Green, Inc.• Phone: (319) 841-4382• E-mail: jhalverson@hrgreen.com

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