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November 21, 2013

ADRA Aids Philippine

Quake Relief

Highest Flight Ever

Married, but Alone

on the Sabbath






to Activist

Taking caring

to another level


Iflights in the history of aviation.

Air Force One

Jim Swindal was the pilot of a Boeing

707 with the tail number 26000. The

Secret Service called it “Angel,” but most

of the world knew it simply as Air Force

One. It was John F. Kennedy’s flagship aircraft,

loaded with elegance and $2 million

worth of high-tech hardware. It featured

offices equipped with electric typewriters,

and subscribed to 15 magazines and five

daily newspapers. Its presidential bedroom,

catering to times when the chief

executive had to cross many time zones all

at once, included a special bed with a mattress

designed for Kennedy’s bad back.

Colonel Jim Swindal had already logged

some 75,000 miles on Air Force One in a

little more than a year since its commissioning.

He was dedicated and loyal, both

to the presidency and to this thirty-fifth

president, John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Earlier

in 1963 he had flown his hero to Germany

for the president’s famous “Ich bin

ein Berliner” speech.



18 From Clicktivist

to Activist

Janelle Collins

Can the world’s problems

be solved in front

of a keyboard?


Swindal had to take off from Dallas

for the worst two-hour-and-eighteenminute

flight of his life. The last hour

on the ground had been pure agony for

Swindal and everybody else: a hot, perspiring

delay while Lyndon Johnson who did participate. “Three years in the SOArINg HIgHEr than

taking 41,000 feet. But a trip that lifts us

Jackie Kennedy was one of the few

flight, and not even Swindal’s breath-

waited for Texas judge Sarah Hughes to White House,” Manchester states, “had

free from every last trace of this world’s

drive out to the airport and swear in the given [Jackie] an abiding respect for her

air Force one

ugliness and hate, a trip beyond the

new chief executive. There in the tail husband’s office. She understood the

stars. Jesus promises us, “In my Father’s

area of Air Force One was a large coffin, symbols of authority, the need for some

Secret Service agents track its every move; from it all. He wanted to lift him higher house are many mansions. . . . I go to prepare

a Britannia model, solid bronze. Kennedy’s

semblance of national majesty after the

people stationed in unmarked cars along than he’d ever been before, remove him a place for you. And if I go and prepare a

bullet-riddled remains were in it. disaster, and so she came.” In the

the route visually confirm its passage from the pain of earth, the danger of bul-

place for you, I will come again, and receive

Kennedy loyalists and Johnson staffers famous black-and-white photo by Cecil

overhead. And this flight carried the dead lets and snipers and angry posters and you unto myself; that where I am, there ye

filled the plane, sick to the soul as they Stoughton where Johnson is sworn in,

body of the former president and also the cruel editorials. And so he did. In all his may be also” (John 14:2, 3, KJV).

grappled with painful tragedy and awkward

the widow of John Kennedy is standing

new president. There was no backup, no life, Kennedy had never been so far above Paul knew much about assassinations;

transition, as one administration right there next to him.*

vice vice president. And 26000 had no earth before; the 707 roared toward the in fact, his own life ended tragically. But

ended and the other one began, there in

“Behold, I come

military escort


for this trip. On the

. . .”

stars, climbing at the incredible rate of in 1 Thessalonians he writes about how

the sticky humidity of the 707 with the Flight

ground below, the Pentagon set Air Force 4,000 feet per minute. Swindal didn’t we’ll soon be lifted up, caught up in the

disconnected air-conditioning.

Then at 2:47 in the afternoon, CST, Air

bases on standby alert, with pilots

level off until they were at 41,000 feet, clouds. And then we’ll head out for a

Our mission is to uplift Jesus Christ by presenting stories of His

William Manchester’s standout book, Force One lifted off from Love Field. Just

“belted in and ready to go.”

approximately eight miles above the celestial journey that takes us far beyond

The Death of a President, helps us focus: three hours and nine minutes earlier

Captain Swindal had to fly that plane carrying

news the dead body of his hero. His It was present workings, help the universe. for To knowing

a city that’s home. It’s a

scarred world and its miserable Friday. the clouds, to a city that’s the capital of

Who should participate? Who should be the plane had touched matchless down for a victorious


in the picture as Lyndon Johnson is

sworn in? LBJ had already expressed in a parade. Spirits had been high; cel-

November, with early sundowns. Flying west

long, long way away, and frankly, we

ebration and sunshine Him and confetti better, and to east hope to Washington, in D.C., His Air Force One soon return.

want it to be a long, long way away from

What a flight

general announcement to the whole were in the air. Now nothing but darkness

and tears.

in darkness that made the gloom more that’s going rows of tombstones at Arlington

was quickly immersed in shadows and then

earth and sin and death and the endless

plane: “If anybody wants to join in in the

swearing-in ceremony, I would be happy Air Force One is the most secure plane

unbearable. “It was the sickest plane I’ve ever

National Cemetery. God’s angels will

and proud to have you.” But Swindal in the world. Every trip is exceptionally

been on,” Mac Kilduff, a Kennedy advisor, to be!

gather His children together from the

and many others were simply too griefstricken

guarded in terms of its flight path. The

told people later. But no one seemed to feel it

four winds of heaven and lift us up to

to join in. Their president was plane zigs and zags, taking unorthodox

as did the captain. Manchester writes: “No

meet our Lord in the air (see Mark

lying in the box.

routes for utmost secrecy. On the ground

aircraft commander had ever been charged Flight—Again

13:27). “And so shall we ever be with the

with so grave a responsibility, yet he wondered

Fifty years later our world is just as Lord” (1 Thess. 4:17).

whether he could make it to Andrews. horribly scarred and miserable. It still Shout “Hallelujah,” friend of mine.

He was near collapse. ‘It became,’ in his harbors assassins and hurt of every What a flight that’s going to be! n

words, ‘a struggle to continue.’ ”

kind. Hate is as cheap as the Internet.

Swindal had clearance to take his Leaders fall to bullets or scandals. Terrorists

* Quotations from William Manchester, The Death of

a President (London: Pan Books, 1967).

beloved president home at 29,000 feet, a

obliterate our tallest buildings

pretty standard level even today. Flights and slaughter our most innocent

DaviD B. Smith is the author of

often climb up to these levels to avoid infants, loved ones, and friends. We

Finding Waldo and Rachel MaRie,

turbulence. But with all that ache in his keep visiting more hospitals, attending

stories set in his home country

heart, and with the defiant skyline of more funerals, and standing in more

of thailand. Lonnie meLa-

Dallas just behind him, with all the cemeteries than we ever wanted to. We

Shenko is a revivalist for the

hatred of people, the cities, and angry need a Swindal flight.

columbia union conference.

civilizations just below him, spreading Except that what God’s Word promises

out in all directions, Swindal

is infinitely better. Not Dallas to Need

wished he could take his Washington, D.C., not a Boeing 707, not Pix

beloved president away two hours and eighteen minutes of

18 22 8 6


14 Dear Father . . .

Sylvia Renz

A son tries to answer

his father’s decadesold


22 Highest Flight Ever

David B. Smith and Lonnie


The night Air Force One

carried a president’s body


4 Letters

7 Page 7

8 World News &


13 Give & Take

17 Cliff’s Edge

2 5 Back to Basics | November 21, 2013 | (1047) 23


6 Bill Knott

Go Ask Erica

7 Gerald A. Klingbeil

Invisible Web


Southern Adventist University

graduate student Catie Whiting

shows a picture to children

in a Masai village in Kenya

during a mission trip in 2013.

(Courtesy of Sharon Pittman)

26 Married, but Alone

on the Sabbath

Katherine Carey

A day of worship—for

her but not for him

29 The Life of Faith

30 Etc.

31 Reflections

Next Week

Cartography of Faith

Not knowing where we’re

going can be so traumatic that

we can’t enjoy the journey.

Publisher General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists ® , Executive Publisher Bill Knott, Associate Publisher Claude Richli, Publishing Board: Ted N. C. Wilson, chair; Benjamin D. Schoun,

vice chair; Bill Knott, secretary; Lisa Beardsley-Hardy; Daniel R. Jackson; Robert Lemon; Geoffrey Mbwana; G. T. Ng; Daisy Orion; Juan Prestol; Michael Ryan; Ella Simmons; Mark Thomas; Karnik

Doukmetzian, legal adviser. Editor Bill Knott, Associate Editors Lael Caesar, Gerald A. Klingbeil, Coordinating Editor Stephen Chavez, Online Editor Carlos Medley, Features Editor Sandra

Blackmer, Young Adult Editor Kimberly Luste Maran, KidsView Editor Wilona Karimabadi, News Editor Mark A. Kellner, Operations Manager Merle Poirier, Financial Manager Rachel Child,

Editorial Assistant Marvene Thorpe-Baptiste, Marketing Director Claude Richli, Editor-at-Large Mark A. Finley, Senior Advisor E. Edward Zinke, Art Director Bryan Gray, Design Daniel

Añez, Desktop Technician Fred Wuerstlin, Ad Sales Glen Gohlke, Subscriber Services Steve Hanson. To Writers: Writer’s guidelines are available at the Adventist Review Web site:

and click “About the Review.” For a printed copy, send a self-addressed envelope to: Writer’s Guidelines, Adventist Review, 12501 Old Columbia Pike, Silver Spring, MD 20904-6600.

E-mail: Web site: Postmaster: Send address changes to Adventist Review, 55 West Oak Ridge Drive, Hagerstown, MD 21740-7301. Unless

otherwise noted, Bible texts in this issue are from the Holy Bible, New International Version. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide. Unless

otherwise noted, all photos are © Thinkstock 2013. The Adventist Review (ISSN 0161-1119), published since 1849, is the general paper of the Seventh-day Adventist ® Church. It is

published by the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists ® and is printed 36 times a year on the second, third, and fourth Thursdays of each month by the Review and

Herald ® Publishing Association, 55 West Oak Ridge Drive, Hagerstown, MD 21740. Periodical postage paid at Hagerstown, MD 21740. Copyright © 2013, General Conference

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payment to Adventist Review subscription desk, Box 1119, Hagerstown, MD 21741-1119. Orders can also be placed at Adventist Book Centers. Prices subject to change. Address changes: OR call 1-800-456-3991, or 301-393-3257. Subscription queries: OR call 1-800-456-3991, or 301-393-3257. | November 21, 2013 | (1027) 3


Letters From Our Readers

Value in Brevity


Stephen Chavez’s editorial

“Beyond Words” (Oct. 24,

2013) about using Holy

Spirit-directed brevity in our

communications is timely.

There is value in completeness,

but sometimes more so

in brevity—it often invites

further inquiry. The widely

known columnist Walter

Winchell was fond of telling

this story of enforced brevity:

A young cub reporter on a

big metropolitan newspaper,

assigned to write obituaries,

was writing overly lengthy

accounts many paragraphs

long on the deaths of people

of no particular station in

life. Fed up with his wordiness,

the editor threatened,

“One more obit like this and

you’ll be fired!”

The reporter’s next assignment

was to write about a

death in a hotel. He reported

it this way: “John K. Brown

looked up the elevator shaft

of the Jones Hotel today to

see if the elevator was on its

way down. It was. Age: 46.”

Thereinafter the editor

had no problem with the

reporter’s obituaries.

Brevity, yes, but that’s not

our biggest problem. It is

merely opening our mouths

to speak a word for God’s

truth “in season.”

Herbert Ford

Angwin, California

Clergy Appreciation


I appreciated the Review’s

inclusion of “Seven Things

Pastors Wish Their Congregation

Would Do” on page 7

of the October 24 edition.

On an October Sabbath

this year one of my congregations

(I pastor two churches)

gave me a public affirmation

for Clergy Appreciation

Month, as well as a very nice

gift. This congregation does

the same at Christmas and

for my birthday. I feel very

loved and appreciated by this


On the other hand, my

other church has never had

any kind of public affirmation

of my ministry, nor have

I ever received any kind of

gift for Clergy Appreciation

Month, at Christmas, or my

birthday. I know that I’m

appreciated because I hear it

from an individual member

now and then, but it’s never

been done in a public way.

It’s amazing how different

one congregation can be

from another. Perhaps your

article will inspire more

churches to express their

appreciation to their pastors.

Name Withheld

The Adventist Church

Is Intentional


I love that the Adventist

Church is intentional in its

planning. I love that its

intentionality leads to strategic

planning through surveys

of Adventist members

worldwide, Bible study, and

the guidance of the Holy

Spirit, as reported by Elizabeth

Lechleitner in “Major

Survey to Inform Adventist

Church’s Next Strategic Plan”

(Oct. 24).

I also love the idea that

“more Bible reading and

prayer will probably be in

every Adventist strategic

plan until the world ends.” I

pray that we, as members of

the Adventist Church, will be

intentional as well! May we

study our Bibles and pray

with the intent of getting to

know Jesus our Savior better

and of loving Him more


Betty Villarreal

West Richland, Washington

October 17, 2013

OctO ber 17, 2013

Vol. 190, No. 29

Adventists Lauded by

Humane Society

Building Bridges

Following the



I’m writing in regard to

Arthur Chadwick and Ingo

Sorke’s cover article “What

on Earth Happened in 1844?”

(Oct. 17, 2013). It is well documented

what occurred to

those believers who had

responded to God’s prophetic

words found in Daniel

8:14. Another question is:

What was our omniscient

God doing by the message

He sent to earth as presented

in the tenth chapter of Revelation,

for it describes the

experience of those who

embraced the prophetic

Wi ling Hearts




preaching of Daniel 8:14?

God was at work—from

those believers He would

launch His “remnant” people

who “must prophesy again.”

The 2300-year prophetic

period has passed. Earth has

entered Daniel’s “time of the

end.” The message to be proclaimed

is found in Revelation

14:6-12. If Seventh-day

Adventists were to abandon

this mission, we would

become a part of Babylon.

Let us turn and live

according to the appeal

made by the everlasting gospel.

We must not let Satan’s

warfare turn us from the

God-given mission (see Rev.

12:17). Then through the

heavens we can beam the

message from tower to

tower, saying, “O earth, it is

the last, last hour. Jesus is

coming again.”

David Manzano

Harriman, Tennessee

The Prophetic

Rendezvous of 1844


Elijah Mvundura’s “The

Prophetic Rendezvous of

1844” (Oct. 17) is one very

difficult article to read. I

found that the language

4 (1028) | | November 21, 2013

nearly choked my understanding

of this work. I “got

the drift” of the conclusion,

but I would’ve appreciated

reading it without needing

to have a Thesaurus at my

fingertip. Maybe a second or

third reading will help clarify

it more.

Janice Schnurr

via e-mail

Allure of the Church


Jimmy Phillips’ article

“Allure of the Church” (Oct.

10, 2013) has started a train

of thought. As I think of the

life of Christ, the lives of the

apostles Paul and Peter, and

the lives of our early Seventh-day

Adventist Church

pioneers, I notice this: Their

lives were characterized by

self-denial and self-sacrifice.

It is crucial to realize that

self-denial and self-sacrifice,

which are also frequently

mentioned in the Spirit of

Prophecy writings, apply to a

host of things, from luxury

cruises to personal adornment,

men’s toys, tickets to

commercial sporting events,

elaborate homes, and fancy


There are people having

trouble putting food on the

table, or who are struggling

to send their children to our

schools. There are AIDS

orphans and famine victims

in Africa. These people could

benefit from our self-denial

and self-sacrifice.

We would do well to heed

these words from Ellen G.

White: “Should we dress in

plain, modest apparel without

reference to the fashions;

should our tables at all times

be set with simple, healthful

food, avoiding all luxuries,

all extravagance; should our

houses be built with becoming

plainness, and furnished

in the same manner, it would

show the sanctifying power

of the truth and would have

a telling influence upon

unbelievers” (Testimonies for

the Church, vol. 5, p. 206).

Does self-denial and selfsacrifice

cause people to be

sad-faced and joyless? It

didn’t seem to do that to

Jesus, Paul, or Peter—or

Ellen White.

Donald E. Casebolt

College Place, Washington

Theological Articles


Thank you for your recent

magazine editions containing

articles on theology

dealing with 1844, 1888, and

other issues that have

divided the church for many

generations. I refer to the

topics of “last generation

holiness,” “universal legal

justification,” and the nature

of Christ’s humanity. (Actually,

the human Christ was

not like Adam either before

or after the Fall. He was


These are topics and questions

that need to be dealt

with. Thanks for being brave

enough to tackle them.

Beatrice Neall

Ooltewah, TN

Still Reading


I’ve been a reader of the Adventist

Review since my college

days (1953-1958) as copies

were available on the monitor’s

counter in the dorm

lobby. I would pick one up as

copies of The Youth’s Instructor

were placed in each room by

the Friday monitor.

I loved the Review then, and

I’m still reading it. I’ve been a

subscriber for many years.

Thank you for this


Lydia Valido

Waipahu, Hawaii



Thank you for printing

Andy Nash’s “No One Close:

The Finest Adventist Author”

(Sept. 19, 2013). This article

has shown me how I can

compare Ellen White’s writings

to the Bible to see how I

“Brevity, yes, but that’s not our biggest problem. It is

merely opening our mouths to speak a word for God’s truth

in season.

—herbert ford, Angwin, California

“I pray that we, as members of the

Adventist Church, will be intentional

as well!

—Betty villarreal, West Richland, Washington

can get God in my life. I’ve

read parts of the Bible again

and again and never really

understood it. But now I will

be able to read a section of

the Bible then

see what

White has

written about

it. I can now


what I’m reading and how I

can relate it to my life.

Thank you so much for

showing this awesome way

to me, I can now understand

God’s word and share it with

others better.

Amber B.

Niles, Michigan

We welcome your letters, noting,

as always, that inclusion of a letter

in this section does not imply that

the ideas expressed are endorsed by

either the editors of the Adventist

Review or the General Conference.

Short, specific, timely letters have

the best chance at being published

(please include your complete

address and phone number—even

with e-mail messages). Letters will

be edited for space and clarity only.

Send correspondence to Letters to

the Editor, Adventist Review, 12501

Old Columbia Pike, Silver Spring, MD

20904-6600; Internet: letters@ | November 21, 2013 | (1029) 5




Each edition

shines with

clarity and


Go Ask Erica

Jack and Marcia stand beside the shepherd at the sanctuary

door, eyes alight with holy joy, hair still damp from the still waters of the baptistry. Erica, not quite

4 and resplendent in her favorite purple dress, dances around them excitedly, knowing only that

something big is happening and that she and her parents are at the center of it.

The line of church members greeting the newly baptized couple at the exit is deliberately slow.

This isn’t a moment to be rushed. The congregation hasn’t witnessed the baptism of an undivided

family in six years, and there is—even though this is an Adventist church—an unmistakable

mood of celebration.

* * * * * *

Jack and Marcia take the off-ramp from the interstate on their way to the Saturday “Price-

Buster Day” at the Eastfield shopping mall. Erica, suddenly alert, points excitedly out the rear

passenger window as the Camry passes within hailing distance of the modest brick church. “Are

we going to Sabbath school, Daddy? Are we, are we?” she squeals in anticipated delight. “It’s been

so long, Mommy. And I wonder if my favorite lamb is still there—you know, the one with the

brown nose? Why don’t we go there anymore?”

* * * * * *

It is the least-acknowledged fact of our life together, the topic we would rather not discuss.

Fully 25 percent of those who join our fellowship by baptism or profession of faith have disappeared

within the first 12 months of membership, taking with them their hope, their joys, and

gifts the Spirit intended us to have.

“It’s just the price of doing the Lord’s business,” someone says in explanation. “You win some;

you lose some. It’s that way in every human enterprise.”

“No church bats 1,000 percent,” another quickly adds. “It’s not our fault that they fell away

from faith and stopped coming to church. They probably never really understood what they were

doing in the first place. Being an Adventist isn’t always easy, you know.”

All of which seems remarkably clear-eyed and sensible, unless your name is Jack or Marcia—or

Erica. So long as we continue to congratulate ourselves on the fact that most of the flock is still

intact, we will not sorrow overmuch when some wander off and get lost; when wolves pick off the

stragglers or the doctrinally unsure; when chairs go empty and woolly lambs remain unloved in

the Kindergarten room. We did the best we could.


Among the ways of caring for the newest members of the church is a highly effective way of

bringing all that Adventism has to offer to their mailboxes every week. For 15 years, thousands

of generous Review readers have been sponsoring a one-year subscription—36 faith-filled, hopeinspiring

issues—to those who have just joined this movement. Each edition shines with clarity

and grace—with news, and Bible study, and stories of God’s everyday salvation.

The New Believer plan takes your $15 gift, matches it with gifts from other ministry partners,

and helps thousands of the “youngest” members of the flock find their feet in those challenging

first months. Those who experience that kind of steady, strong support through this magazine

and from fellow members invariably stay.

One hundred dollars blesses six; $500 blesses 33. One thousand dollars keeps the equivalent of

a small church—67 new believers—safely in the fold.

Not those we win . . . but those we keep. That’s how the Shepherd counts His sheep.

Send your gift of any size in the attached envelope by Christmas, and we’ll send you a KEEP HIS

SHEEP lapel pin to wear with joy—and commitment. Send a love gift of $100, and we’ll send you

a copy of Bradley Booth’s new book, Showers of Grasshoppers and Other Miracle Stories From Africa, to

thank you for your caring.

Are these new believers worth it?

Go ask Erica. n

6 (1030) | | November 21, 2013

Invisible Web

God’s invisible web connecting Adventists all around the

world is truly amazing. I was recently privileged to participate in an Adventist Heritage Tour

organized by Sue Patzer from the North Pacific Union Conference. On our first day, I met Shirley

and Larry Panasuk of College Place, Washington. Before his retirement, Gary worked for the

United States Department of Agriculture as part of its embassy staff all around the globe. From

1990 to 1995 Shirley and Larry had been stationed in Istanbul and Ankara, Turkey, a country with

very few Seventh-day Adventists. He told me how he had received a phone call one day from a

young Turkish woman who announced that she was a Seventh-day Adventist and was looking for

Adventist brothers and sisters. Her name was Melek.

When he mentioned that name my wife, Chantal, and I looked at each other. Could it be? Melek

and her young daughter, Pelen, had been our neighbors in our first year of married life living in a

tiny flat on the campus of Helderberg College, South Africa. Melek’s conversion had begun with a

South African Adventist tour group. Melek had been their tour guide, and God had found her in

Turkey. Friends helped her study at Helderberg College, and she later went to Andrews University,

where she met her husband, David. Both have been active in service for Jesus over the past 20 years.

Why do I tell you this story? God’s timing and His web design are impeccable. This particular

part of God’s web connected an American couple serving in Turkey, a Turkish woman searching

for peace and purpose, and a German studying in South Africa. God not only owns the cattle on

a thousand hills—He knows every one of His creatures and wants to make us part of His divine

web. I am looking forward to the time I will see God’s intricate web design of my life, the impact

that I have had on others and that others have had on me.

Standing around the throne of the Lamb promises to be exciting. n

Gerald A.


World News & Perspectives

photo: Courtesy La Sierra University

REACCREDITED: La Sierra University recently received a three-year accreditation from the Adventist Accrediting Association.


La Sierra University Receives

Adventist Accrediting

Association Renewal

BY MARK A. KELLNER, news editor

La Sierra University (LSU), a Seventhday

Adventist-owned educational institution

in Riverside, California, received a

three-year accreditation through 2016,

following a vote by the Adventist Accrediting

Association (AAA) board, which met

Wednesday, October 9, in Silver Spring,


Formally known as the Accrediting

Association of Seventh-day Adventist

Schools, Colleges, and Universities, the

AAA is the denominational accrediting

authority for all tertiary and graduate

educational programs and institutions

owned by Seventh-day Adventist

Church entities. The organization meets

twice each year to receive reports and

take actions to certify the uniquely Adventist

identity of the church’s 112

institutions of higher learning. Colleges

and universities are typically accredited

for specified periods of time, and 25

institutions were considered at the

October 9 meeting.

The maximum term granted for

accreditation is five years, Lisa Beardsley-Hardy,

director of education for the

Seventh-day Adventist world church

and chair of the AAA board, said. The

three-year accreditation was granted

following an April 2013 AAA committee’s

report of “good progress” by La

Sierra administrators in addressing

items brought to their attention during

a 2010 AAA site visit. The AAA action

Wednesday also specified that another

“focused visit”—the terms of which

Beardsley-Hardy did not specify—

would take place after the first year of

the new accreditation term.

The La Sierra accreditation decision

was made after “a thorough and careful

deliberation,” Beardsley-Hardy said. She

also expressed “optimism that they

[La Sierra] will continue to make


Commenting on the action, La

Sierra University president Randal R.

Wisbey said, “La Sierra University

appreciates the AAA board recognizing

the good progress that the university

is making and its grant of full

accreditation through 2016. We will

continue to build on the many commendations

of the visiting team and

will continue to follow through on

their recommendations.”

According to the AAA handbook:

“Through the accreditation process, the

institution demonstrates how it aligns

its efforts and resources to provide the

best academic education possible—

while also nurturing faith in God and

preparing students for positions of

leadership in their communities and

churches. The accreditation process

helps the institution accomplish these


The accreditation issue—which

includes denominational recognition by

the church and qualifies a school for

denominational appropriations—arose

following a two-year controversy over

La Sierra’s teachings on origins. Beginning

in 2009, critics—including some

church leaders, laypersons, and LSU

students—claimed that the school

taught the theory of evolution to biology

students as the explanation for the

origin of life (see Adventist Review, Apr.

15, 2010, JcEw). n

8 (1032) | | November 21, 2013


Outpouring of Prayer and Support in

Wake of Devastating Typhoon

ADRA preparing initial response; GC president Wilson calls for united prayer


photo: Moises Musico/ADRA Philippines

Seventh-day Adventists worldwide

are rallying support and prayers in

the wake of what is likely the Philippines’

worst natural disaster, and one of the

most powerful recorded typhoons to

ever hit land.

Super Typhoon Haiyan barreled

across the central islands of the archipelago

beginning November 8, flattening

entire towns with 195-mph

sustained winds and a massive storm

surge more often associated with a tsunami,

news reports said.

With cell towers toppled, widespread

power outages, and roads clogged with

debris, communication—especially to

remote rural areas—remains “very challenging,”

according to a situation report

from the Adventist Development and

Relief Agency (ADRA), the church’s

humanitarian arm.

“We are still trying to connect with

our people, pastors, church members,

and loved ones in the hardest-hit areas,”

said Adelaida Ortilano, ADRA Philippines

office coordinator.

General Conference president Ted N.

C. Wilson, in Manila for the church’s

Southern Asia-Pacific Division year-end

meetings when the typhoon struck,

DEVASTATION: A family sifts through

what is left of their home after supertyphoon

Yoland hit Northern Cebu

photo: Moises Musico/ADRA Philippines

urged Adventists worldwide to join him

in “special prayer” for those in the central

Philippines “who received such a

devastating blow.” Wilson also led a

prayer service for the victims during a

large rally in Manila on Saturday.

“Certainly this is the time for the Seventh-day

Adventist Church to show

Christ’s compassion and power to help

rebuild lives,” Wilson said in a statement

from the Manila International Airport.

ADRA aid crews have been on the

ground in the Philippines since last

week, tracking the typhoon’s anticipated

path and poised for rapid assessment,

ADRA officials said.

Moises Musico, ADRA program officer

and emergency coordinator, stationed in

Bohol before the typhoon hit on Friday,

immediately left to assess destruction in

northern Cebu. “The damage we are seeing

so far is huge and scattered. . . . We

are expecting huge numbers of damaged

homes and displaced residents,”

Musico said after an initial assessment.

ADRA’s emergency management team

is focusing on northern Cebu, Bohol,

and Iloilo, where aid workers are preparing

to distribute shelter, food, and

clean water.

SEEKING SHELTER: Survivors attempt to

build a temporary shelter from debris after

super-typhoon Yolanda devastated parts

of the central Philippines.

The ADRA Philippines office owns

water purifiers, deployed to provide

potable water to devastated communities,

officials said. A technical support

team from ADRA Germany is expected to

assist in the implementation of this

purification system.

ADRA Philippines is planning to send

an appeal for donations to regional

ADRA offices around the world. Needs

are “overwhelming,” a news release

from the office said. Emergency funds in

the country are dwindling because of a

series of recent disasters, including

October’s 7.2 magnitude earthquake.

Philippine president Benigno Aquino

declared a “state of calamity” in the

country on November 10. Philippines

officials estimate that at least 10,000

people may have died in the storm. If

confirmed, it would make Typhoon Haiyan

the country’s worst recorded natural


The Adventist world church expects

to contribute funds to relief efforts, Wilson

said. As news of the super typhoon

spread, Seventh-day Adventist congregations

around the world already began

a response. In Vancouver, British

Columbia, Canada, the Vancouver Filipino

Seventh-day Adventist Church held

a special prayer service November 9, and

was visited by local media.

“Most of my family is there where the

typhoon path is. The last time I heard

from them was just when the typhoon

hit. I have not heard from them today. I

am worrying, I am praying for them and

I hope that all of them are OK,” Vancouver

Filipino Adventist Church member

Johanna Trinidad told the Canada-based

Global News service. n

—with additional reporting by Adventist

Review staff | November 21, 2013 | (1033) 9

World News & Perspectives


Annual Council Ends With Flurry of

Administrative, Ministry Actions


Deacons and deaconesses in the

Seventh-day Adventist Church—a force

of 700,000 who support church activities

worldwide, particularly in congregations

lacking a full-time pastor—will

now be supported by the church’s Ministerial

Association, thanks to an October

16 vote by Annual Council


The move was one of several actions

taken on the final day of the yearly gathering

of Seventh-day Adventist leaders

from around the world, held this year in

Silver Spring, Maryland.

Jonas Arrais, associate secretary for

Elders and Ministerial Training, asked

delegates to officially place deacons and

deaconesses under the auspices of the

association, which already supports

church pastors and local elders.

Arrais explained that fewer than

30,000 pastors oversee the Adventist

world church’s 140,000 congregations.

The church’s 250,000 elders are often

recognized—rightfully so—as surrogate

pastors, he said, but the work of

the church’s 700,000 deacons and deaconesses

often goes unacknowledged

and unsupported.

“When Jesus came to earth, He came

to serve. The ministry of Jesus as a servant

is the model for the ministry of

deacons and deaconesses,” Arrais said.

“They have a deep spirit of service. We

need to recognize, we need to value, the

work of these volunteers.”

Delegates approved the request


At the meeting, Andrews University

president Niels-Erik Andreasen introduced

a new Bible commentary to be

published by the university’s press in

2015. The commentary is a companion

to the previously released Andrews Study

Bible, Andreasen said. It is being edited

photo: Ansel Oliver/Adventist News Network

CHANGES PROPOSED: Adventist Church

undersecretary Myron Iseminger introduced

several suggested policy adjustments

at Annual Council on October 16,


by former Biblical Research Institute

director Ángel Manuel Rodríguez and

written by an international team of Adventist

Bible scholars.

Andreasen said the new commentary

would deepen readers’ understanding

of biblical themes, going section by section

rather than verse by verse. Verses,

he explained, were not added to the

Bible until later, making thematic study

of the Scriptures essential.

Delegates each received a printed

sample of selected portions of the commentary.

The General Conference is

assisting Andrews University in funding

the project.

During the meeting, GC president Ted

N. C. Wilson took to the microphone to

draw attention to the “distinction”

between church and institutional structure.

Some church entities, he said, now

use the title “vice president for finance”

instead of the traditional “treasurer.”

Similarly, he said, some church administrators

now favor “vice president for

administration” over “secretary.”

“This is not as it should be. Please use

the correct nomenclature,” Wilson said.

“When you use the other nomenclature,

you are setting up a presidential system.

Within the church, we report to the

Executive Committee, not the president.

We work in consultation.”

Later delegates approved several

reorganization requests from local

church administrative units. The Indian

Ocean Union Mission and Botswana

Union Mission will each become union

conferences, a move that recognizes

self-sufficiency in leadership and


“It hasn’t been easy to gain union

conference status in some parts of the

world,” said Pardon Mwansa, a general

vice president of the General Conference.

“This is a huge accomplishment.

Congratulations and blessings.”

Delegates also approved the reorganization

of the Kenya Union Mission into

two union conferences—the East Kenya

Union Conference and West Kenya

Union Conference. Similarly, the Tanzania

Union Mission will split into the

North Tanzania Union Conference and

the South Tanzania Union Mission.

Delegates also voted to grant union

mission status to the North East Congo

Attached Territory. All reorganizations

will go into effect by December 31,

allowing the newly created administrative

units to send delegates to the 2015

General Conference session.

Earlier in the week, Annual Council

delegates also voted to receive a statement

from the recent International

Urban Mission Conference, in which the

church pledged to make significant

efforts to reach large cities, particularly

those without a Seventh-day Adventist

presence. The statement calls for a

“twice-yearly reporting and assessment

system that informs the church about

urban mission objectives, activities, and


Delegates this week also celebrated

the success of the Great Controversy

Project, an initiative to distribute copies

of The Great Controversy, authored by Adventist

Church cofounder Ellen G.

White. More than 142 million copies

have been distributed since the initia-

10 (1034) | | November 21, 2013

tive launched in 2011.

Many people joined the Adventist

Church through the initiative, including

Marcelo Pereira dos Santos and his family,

from Brazil. “We understand that

this is only the beginning of a new life,”

said dos Santos, who addressed delegates

from the stage. “I hope my life and

testimony will be useful to many brothers

and sisters who have not yet realized

the infinite love of God.” n

—additional reporting by Mark A. Kellner


Ten Years On,


Church’s Hope

Channel Claims

Global Victories

New Philippines channel

launched during Annual

Council report

BY MARK A. KELLNER, news editor

Devir Magaad uses his own strength

to operate a pedicab—a tricycle with a

large seat for passengers and cargo—

through the streets of Cagayan de Oro

City, capital of the southern province of

Mindanao in the Republic of the Philippines.

For that arduous work he makes

perhaps US$5 per day.

Although Magaad is not yet a member

of the Seventh-day Adventist

Church, he was so inspired by the Adventist

message and the potential for

Christian television via a new Hope

Channel Philippines, that he’s committed

to donate 50 Philippine pesos, about

US$1.16, weekly to help the outreach


“I’m here to willingly give my donation,”

Magaad says to a camera filming

his visit to a Seventh-day Adventist

Church office. “I feel so happy to help

the Lord’s work.”

That spirit, augmented by the commitment

of millions around the globe,

has propelled Hope Channel, a General

Conference-owned network now consisting

of 15 different satellite and

broadcast operations spanning the

globe and using a dozen or more languages.

Delegates to the 2013 Annual

Council heard a report celebrating the

PHOTO: Brandan Roberts/ANN

PHILIPPINES EXPANSION: Alberto C. Gulfan, president of the church’s Southern Asia-

Pacific Division, explains the plans for Hope Channel Philippines to Hope Channel executives

Kandus Thorp, vice president for programming and international development,

center, and Brad Thorp, Hope Channel president.

tenth anniversary of Hope Channel’s

launch, which took place at the 2003

yearly business meeting, and witnessed

the formal launch of the Philippines’


Brad Thorp, Hope Channel president,

recalled “a history of miracles” in the

course of developing the network. In

the past few years Germany adjusted its

broadcast standards to allow “single

point-of-view” religious stations to

operate in the nation, something that

hadn’t been possible in more than six

decades. Thorp noted that Hope Channel

Germany was the first such station

licensed by the government there. A

similar license was approved in Bulgaria,

and an application is pending in

Russia, he added.

Hope has added service for the Middle

East/North Africa region, India and

China, Thorp said. The organization

now has 65,000 hours of programming

available for broadcast. And such programs

are bringing results, he added,

quoting Erton Köhler, South American

Division president: “Every week, thousands

of people come into Adventist

churches because of the Hope


But it was the story of the Philippines

opening that likely had the most

emotional impact on the Annual Council

audience. The three Seventh-day Adventist

Church unions in the country,

along with the Southern Asia-Pacific

Division, headquartered near Manila,

have established three media centers to

serve production needs. However,

licenses and related costs had to be

met, a total, division president Alberto

C. Gulfan said, of 520 million Philippine

pesos, or approximately US$12

million. Broadcast licenses have

already been obtained for five of the

nation’s largest cities, and 36 more

applications are due to be filed, Thorp

added. | November 21, 2013 | (1035) 11

World News & Perspectives

Thus was born a campaign to get

100,000 of the Philippine’s 1 million Seventh-day

Adventists to pledge 20 pesos,

about 46 cents U.S., every Sabbath for the

next five years. It is to this campaign that

pedicab driver Magaad is donating.

“When I first saw that [video] clip,”

Thorpe said, “I wept. This is the vision

of taking the gospel to the cities.” n

■■north america

Kenyan Adventist Wins NYC Marathon’s

Women’s Section

Also, Colorado Adventists raise funds for vulnerable children

Seventh-day Adventists

played several roles in

the 2013 INC New York City

Marathon on November 3,

2013. A Kenyan Adventist

won the women’s division of

the race, along with a U.S.

$500,000 prize.

Also, two Adventists from

Colorado ran to help vulnerable

children around the


Kenyan Priscah Jeptoo not

only participated in her first

New York City Marathon

that day, but also finished

photo: AP/Kathy Willens

Need caption head: Priscah Jeptoo (center) a

Seventh-day Adventist from Kenya, poses with

fellow competitors after winning the women’s

title at the New York City Marathon on November

3. Jeptoo is a member of the Adventist Athletic

Association in Kenya.

first, with a time of 2:25:07. She crossed the line 49 seconds

ahead of the second-place women’s finisher, Buzunesh

Deba. With the victory, Jeptoo earned the World Marathon

Majors women’s title, and the $500,000 bonus that comes

with it.

Jeptoo’s church pastor, Noah Kipkoeth Chumo, says that

the church prayed for her. “We are very thankful for Priscah.

She and her husband are very dedicated and committed to

the church.” Chumo explains that Jeptoo’s husband has

been called to be a deacon in the church next year, adding

that “when she comes back from New York, we will have a

special celebration.”

(Editor’s Note: The January 2014 issue of Adventist World magazine

will feature a longer report on Jeptoo’s win.)

Among the 50,000 other enthusiastic runners were David

Kennedy (right), pastor of the Newday Christian Seventhday

Adventist Church in Parker, Colorado, and his friend

and church member Scott Miller. The Coloradans ran with

Team World Vision to raise awareness of vulnerable children


Kennedy said, “Our church has worked with World Vision

for the past 10 years in Rwanda, so we’ve seen firsthand the

Photo: Courtesy of David Kennedy and Scott Miller


(right) and Scott Miller ran the New York

City Marathon to raise money for vulnerable

children. They attend the Newday Seventh-day

Adventist Church in Parker, Colorado,

where Kennedy is the pastor.

way they are able to transform a community through child

sponsorship. When we were invited to run the New York

City Marathon to raise awareness and money for child protection,

it was a win-win—support a fantastic organization

that does incredible work rescuing and protecting vulnerable

children, and get to run one of the most epic marathons

in the world.”

The 32-member Team World Vision collectively raised

more than $208,000, with donations still coming in. Kennedy

exceeded his personal fund-raising goal of $6,100, and

finished the race in 3:44:52. Miller exceeded his goal of

$5,000, and finished the marathon in 3:43:46. “That money

will be used in places such as Bangladesh and Cambodia to

fight child slavery and sex trafficking,” Kennedy said.

During the race, when things got tough, he said, “We

thought of children in dark places all over the world, and

that gave us motivation to keep running. We were running

for them.”

World Vision is a Christian humanitarian organization

that tackles the causes of poverty and injustice regardless of

religion, race, ethnicity, or gender. n

—reported by Adventist Review staff and Diane Thurber

12 (1036) | | November 21, 2013



The sun set slowly

As the teardrops spilled on

Lilacs she caressed

In trembling hands.

Theirs had been a marriage to


A love affair grown sweeter with the


We’ll soon be climbing mountains hand

in hand

Together was the thought she savored

As she pictured sun-filled, glory-morned


They would see the Master they both


Together, and would share more com

mon joy—

Of things God has prepared

For those who love Him all the way to


And wait with patience

For His blessed return.

—Ritchie Worley, Smithfield, North Carolina

Sound Bite

“Anyone can be a

member. But it

takes a real commitment


Jesus Christ to

be a disciple.”

—Pastor Hal Butman, Berkeley

Springs, West Virginia

adventist life

Our children, Judy and Jimmy, were the first grandchildren

in the family. My two brothers, Bill and Roy,

were visiting around Christmas and wanted to hear

their prayers at bedtime. At that time, there were two

important things on the children’s minds: our big yellow

cat that had sore, frostbitten ears, and my husband,

who was a smoker.

We all knelt down, and when it was time for Jimmy

to pray, he said, “Dear Jesus, Please help Daddy’s ears

to get well and the kitty to stop smoking.” My brothers

clapped their hands over their mouths until the prayer

was over and they could laugh.

—Genevieve McIntosh, who submitted this prior to

passing away in 2012, was from Pensacola, Florida

adventist life

We are looking for brief submissions in these


Sound Bites (quotes, profound or spontaneous)

Adventist Life (short anecdotes, especially from

the world of adults)

Camp Meeting Memories (150 words or less)

Jots and Tittles (church-related tips)

Please send your submissions to Give & Take, Adventist

Review, 12501 Old Columbia Pike, Silver Spring,

MD 20904-6600; fax: 301-680-6638; e-mail: Please include phone number,

and city and state from which you are writing.

© terry crews

November 21, 2013 | (1037) 13

Heart and Soul:

Biblical Studies


Father . . .

A letter marking a changed life

14 (1038) | | November 21, 2013


Steve Creitz ©

My dear Father,

When you hold this letter in your

hands, you will have already greeted my

brothers and will have heard that I am

still alive. I know it must be hard to

believe. You saw my coat, ripped and

splattered with blood. You thought I was

dead—torn to pieces by a wild animal.

But the blood on my coat was not mine.

A little lamb died, and I am alive. My

heart bursts with joy over the thought of

seeing you again. I have longed to see

you for many years. I wish you would

come to me with the whole family. I have

already prepared everything for you:

houses, herds, stables, and apartments

for the shepherds. Everything is ready,

and your new home will be in the best

part of the country, in Goshen.

If you still doubt the news, please step

outside your tent. You will see a carriage

with Pharaoh’s coat of arms. It’s my carriage

I have sent to you, so you may

travel comfortably to Egypt. Lose no time

in departing, because the famine will

last another five years, and I do not want

my family to suffer any longer. Come to

me in Egypt, and I will take care of you,

because I am at the source of food.

Father, you must be shaking your head

right now. Let me explain to you what

has happened in the past years.


But first things first: please forgive my

brothers. I forgave them long ago for

what they did to me. Forgive them as

well. We were all young and foolish

then. They allowed anger to take control

of them. They saw your great love for

me and were jealous. I was immature

and boasted with your love, as if I were

better than they were. Remember, you

made me that special coat with long

sleeves. It was truly fit for a prince, and I

wore it with pride. But I didn’t realize

the pain it caused my brothers. They felt


Do you remember the two dreams? I

dreamed that my brothers’ sheaves

would bow down before my sheaf, and

that the sun and moon and 11 stars

showed me reverence. I didn’t know

then what those dreams meant, but I

felt good about them. You know me: I

was never satisfied with being mediocre.

I wanted to reach the very top, and

you mostly supported me in this. The

second dream went too far, you said,

but I did not make it up. It came to me,

unbidden, but not undesired (sigh). Yes,

I admit that I was arrogant and vain. But,

thank God, life has taken care of that.


How long has it been? Twenty-two

years? You also have probably never forgotten

that day. You sent me to look for

my brothers. They had roamed far, seeking

fresh pasture for our sheep. After

not hearing from them for a long time,

you got worried. I got lost on the way, so

it took me a few days to find my brothers

and our herds.

I have traveled

to you so many

times in my


The very sight of me made them

angry. Maybe they thought I was spying

on them. I had done it often enough,

and now I am sad about it, because it

created a wall between us.

But now this wall has been torn

down, because we are reconciled to one

another and have forgiven one another.

So I plead with you: forgive them also. Forgive

them for lying to you. They broke

your heart when they told you I was

dead. In reality they dumped me into a

dry cistern. I thought that would be my

end; the walls were so steep—I never

would have been able to get out on my

own again. That night in the cistern was

terrible! My only consolation was in

seeing the stars. They shone unwaveringly

upon me, and I felt as if they were

calling to me: Do not be afraid. Above the

starry sky is a living God. Do not be downcast.

God sees you. God cares for you. Initially,

however, it didn’t seem as though

God cared.

The next morning my brothers pulled

me out of the cistern. They were still

angry. They wanted to get rid of me. Fortunately,

they did not kill me, but sold

me to traders. Father, please do not

punish my brothers. They did not know

what they were doing. They wanted to

hurt me, but God used it to shape and bless

me. After all, that’s what really counts,

isn’t it, Father?

The slave traders treated me like livestock.

They tied my hands and dragged

me along—no use weeping and wailing.

They made camp for the night quite

close to our tents. I was so hoping that

one of our shepherds would come along

and see me. He would have set me free,

and I would have returned to you

immediately. But no! None of our people

were to be seen.

Then our path led through the mountains

of Seir. Your brother, Esau, lives

there and requires a toll from all the

traveling caravans. But his soldiers did

not recognize me. At first I was bitterly

disappointed and thought God had forgotten

me. But now I know: I needed to

come to Egypt. And you will also understand

why I had to come here.


In Egypt one of Pharaoh’s officers

bought me. Potiphar was the captain of

the royal bodyguard. He had a big house

and many slaves. At first I was given

humble jobs to do. I took great pains in

doing them well. Father, I thank you

that I learned to work at home. You

taught me to do tasks thoroughly and

conscientiously. And I have felt every

day, every hour, that God is close to me.

I did all my work with God watching

over me, and I was successful. Gradually,

I gained the trust of my master.

Potiphar promoted me to his personal

assistant and left me to manage his

entire household.

It was an exciting time! In Potiphar’s

palace I met famous Egyptians, military

commanders, and officials, because everyone

with name and rank was Potiphar’s

guest. I stood quietly in the background at

these feasts, but my ears and eyes were

wide open. I learned about politics and | November 21, 2013 | (1039) 15

what’s important in ruling a country.

All looked well. Unfortunately Potiphar’s

wife had her own plans. She

thought she was in love with me. She

constantly tried to flirt with me—a

slight touch of my hand, a coy look in

my direction. But I did not give in to her

advances. Could I disappoint God or

deceive my master, who trusted me?

One day she laid a trap for me, and

when I refused, she screamed for help

and accused me hysterically of wanting

to rape her. She put on a great act, but I

am not sure that Potiphar believed her.

However, he had to watch his reputation,

so he had me arrested and put into

prison. Not the prison for common

criminals, but the prison for political



The first few months were hard, but

before long the prison master figured

out how he could make life easier for

himself. He began giving me more and

more responsibility. I had free access to

the political prisoners. At that time I

learned even more about politics, diplomacy,

and the intrigues at court.

I spent more than two years in prison,

when suddenly I was taken before Pha-

raoh. He needed me to interpret his

dreams. Word had gotten out that I had

correctly interpreted the dreams of the

palace baker and cupbearer. Pharaoh

was greatly disturbed by two dreams

that God had sent him. And God showed

me what He wanted to tell Pharaoh. God

warned the king about a devastating

seven-year-long famine. However, the

harvests in the seven years preceding

the famine would be abundant.

I suggested to Pharaoh that grain

should be stored up in these plentiful

years. Then we would have enough for

the years of hardship that would lie


Surprisingly, he liked my suggestion.

Not only that, he appointed me as his

second in command. Pharaoh realized

that God sometimes speaks through

me. He

even gave me a new name: Zaphenathpaneah,

which in Egyptian means “God

speaks, he is alive.” Would you have

ever believed it possible that the most

powerful ruler of the world would recognize

the Creator-God? I still

marvel at it.

The people in Egypt have been very

diligent. In the seven years that the harvests

were plentiful, they brought so

many sacks of grain to the storehouses

that we stopped counting them. Today

everyone is glad that we have these provisions.

Not only Egyptians buy the

grain; many people come to us from

Canaan, and I am glad that I provide so

many people with food, even our family.


Maybe you are asking yourself:

“Joseph, you could have contacted me

long ago. Why didn’t you send me a

message? Why do I only hear today that

you are alive and have become a powerful

man in Egypt?”

Father, I have traveled to you so many

times in my thoughts. I have dreamed

so often of putting my arms around

your neck and crying on your chest! But

what would have happened if I had just

come and stood outside your tent?

I have written many papyrus sheets—

only to discard them immediately. I felt

that it was still too soon for us to be

reunited. If I had been in a hurry to come

to you, I would have ruined God’s plan.

Imagine if, 22 years ago, I would have

managed to escape from the slave traders

and come back home. What would

you have done to my brothers? What

would you have said to them? You

wouldn’t have changed them. They

would have hardened their hearts even

more against you and me—and God.

And later on, if I had run away from

Potiphar and returned to Canaan, we

would all be dead by now—starved to

death. I sensed that I had to wait longer.

I wanted God’s go-ahead, the right time

for our family to be reunited.


When my brothers came, I recognized

them immediately. They bowed down

before me, showed their respect, and

suddenly I saw my two dreams again.

Yes, they were being fulfilled before my

eyes. I knew that God had led me to

Egypt so that I could keep you all alive!

At first my brothers were afraid of

me. I was very strict with them. I had to

find out if they had changed. I cannot

have a gang of robbers and violent men

in the country. As the second in command

of the country of Egypt, I cannot

allow my family to cause scandals. You

must understand that.

I put them to the test, and I know

now that they too have grown. They are

no longer jealous or spiteful; quite the

opposite. They look out for one another

and stick together. Would you believe

that your fourth son, Judah, even

offered his life in exchange for Benjamin’s?

But I will tell you that story

another time.

Now get ready, Father, and come in

the carriage that I sent you. Don’t pack

anything; you will get the best of everything

that Egypt has to offer. Just come

quickly, for I cannot wait any longer, my

dear Father! I want to finally hold you

in my arms.

Your Joseph n

Sylvia Renz works for the

German Voice of Prophecy in

Alsbach-Hähnlein, Germany. She

is an accomplished author and

has published numerous books

for children and adults.

16 (1040) | | November 21, 2013

Cliff’s Edge

“This Gospel”

Again and again Scripture authenticates itself, giving us more

reasons to trust it, even the parts that present a reality so much grander than the narrow parameters a

rationalistic twenty-first-century worldview easily allow.

The text in question is so familiar that we often overlook the powerful validation of faith it presents.

Speaking with His disciples a few days before the cross, Jesus opens to them world events leading to the

Second Coming. Amid it all He says, “And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world

as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come” (Matt. 24:14).

Reading the text now—with Christianity having more adherents than any other faith, and a presence

in most every country—we can easily forget what a bold, even daring prediction this was when spoken,

or decades later when recorded.

For starters, when Jesus made that prediction, what was the status of the “this gospel,” not in

terms of being spread into “all the world” but in terms of simply being understood? At that

point, who but the Godhead knew the plan of salvation? Even those who might have had an

inkling about what the sacrifices pointed to surely didn’t expect a crucified and risen Messiah.

One powerful argument in favor of the resurrection of Jesus is that no one would have concocted

the story of the resurrection, because no one expected a crucified and risen Messiah,

especially one dying as atonement for the world’s sins. Then, even after Jesus gave

His followers 40 more days of instruction, some would ask before His ascension, “Lord,

are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?” (Acts 1:6), which shows that

“this gospel” wasn’t fully understood by those He called to spread it.

Also, how many were believers in Jesus when He first spoke those words? Perhaps a few thousand

Jews throughout the Jewish nation and some scattered Gentiles, an insignificant number in

contrast to the world’s millions. When Jesus made that prediction, Judas hadn’t yet turned Him

in, nor did He yet face the reaction of His followers at His arrest: “Then everyone deserted him

and fled” (Mark 14:50). Hardly an auspicious beginning of a movement whose message was to be

heralded worldwide.

Besides the wrath and opposition from other Judeans, the early church would soon be hated,

hunted, and persecuted by Rome, the greatest power the world had seen to that time. In the

ensuing centuries the empire tried to eradicate this Jewish sect arising from the troublesome

province of Judea. When Rome couldn’t eradicate Christianity, it co-opted it instead, and “this gospel,”

with scattered exceptions, all but vanished for more than a millennium. And unless you call the Crusades

or the attempted forced conversion of the Jews (often under the threat of death) “evangelism,” the gospel

hadn’t made a whole lot of progress outside the European continent in the sense of fulfilling Jesus’ bold

first-century prediction about it.

Then, of course, with the Protestant Reformation “this gospel” was rediscovered. But it took a few more

centuries before the great missionary movements began to spread it worldwide. Today Christianity in one form

or another is the world’s largest religion, and its adherents can be found in most every country. Seventh-day

Adventists have established work in 209 of 233 countries recognized by the United Nations, making the church

perhaps the most widespread Protestant denomination in the world. And though many areas that need mission

work remain, with today’s technology it’s not hard to imagine “this gospel” being proclaimed everywhere.

Again, think back almost 2,000 years ago with Jesus, surrounded by a handful of followers in a world that

not only had never heard of Him, but was often hostile when it did. Nevertheless, He made an exceedingly

implausible prediction that, though taking long centuries, is coming true. We have been privileged in seeing

a prediction all but fulfilled, which earlier generations of Christians would have had to take only as a great

leap of faith.

Thus with all the other solid reasons for belief in Jesus, we can add Matthew 24:14, powerful evidence for

rational, twenty-first-century minds regarding truths that go far beyond rationality itself. n



Clifford Goldstein is editor of the Adult Sabbath School Bible Study Guide. He is also featured on the Web site 1844made | November 21, 2013 | (1041) 17


From Clicktivist


Maybe you’ve seen

them—those Facebook

posts beseeching viewers

to read a story or

look at a picture. Most

of the time the photo or text evokes

empathy, and for a moment we are

moved to action—to donate by clicking

here or to offer a quick prayer before

scrolling further. Some causes even

send donors gift boxes that include

such items as T-shirts and bumper

stickers. Awareness and activism, however,

are not synonymous concepts.

In a time of information overload,

most of us are aware of the suffering

millions of people experience, both

locally and globally. While there are

some who have become comfortable

with the idea that texting a $10 donation

to a humanitarian organization

will suffice, Adventist young adults

today are taking the great commission

of “Go ye therefore” to heart.

Days of Our Youth

Steve Erich, a senior business administration

major at Andrews University,

felt a call to serve while in high school.

“During my senior year, Rio Lindo Academy

sent a group of students on a mission

trip to India. At the end of the trip

we spent a couple days in Kolkata. There

I was first introduced to International

Justice Mission—an organization that

works alongside local lawmakers and

police to enforce antihuman trafficking

laws in countries all around the world

that struggle with this issue,” Erich


While Erich believes social media is

an ideal way to promote humanitarian

causes, he understands that it can also

hinder people from truly being active.

“It can give people the false impression

that they are helping. Recent terms such

as slacktivist or clicktivist have popped up

Photo: Courtesy of Luther Whiting

because of this. There’s been a rise in

organizations offering petitions that

can easily be signed online,” he

observed. “Now a petition with 1,000

signatures is seen as quite small and

weak, and it needs 50,000 or even

100,000 in order to be noticed.”

Erich, who currently serves as operations

manager for the Stoplight Project, 1

believes his opportunity to be an agent

for change starts while he is young. “The

past five years have shaped me and are

now propelling me outward. Without my

experiences volunteering and advocating

for justice during this time, I would not

have the opportunities I have now to do

what I love,” he says. “The important

thing is not to plan to do something in

the future, but to begin doing it now.”


Javier Melendez, also an Andrews

University student double-majoring in

social work and young adult ministry,

lives a similar hands-on philosophy. “I

don’t think any type of social media can

really convey the true reality people face

when swallowed up by injustice. It’s

something that we have to witness and

experience ourselves, which means

spending time with the people who are

being oppressed,” he says. Melendez is

18 (1042) | | November 21, 2013


Adventist University graduate

Luther Whiting surveys a project site

in Afghanistan on horseback.

currently involved in a project in Benton

Harbor, Michigan, to help the

impoverished Hispanic community

connect with resources that will assist

them with moving out of poverty—and

he hopes to do much more.

“I plan to get certified to teach the

Bridges Out of Poverty 2 and the Getting

Ahead 3 framework so that I can help

bridge the gap between different economic

classes. As I learn more about the

issues of poverty, I’m starting to find

my passion and niche.”

Melendez also wants to share his

desire for service. “I would like to see

others find their passions and niches as

well. I encourage people to find that

thing that makes their stomach turn, to

find whatever injustice they are unable

to watch, so that they can take a stand

and fight.”

A Full Commitment

Shanna Crumley, a recent graduate of

Pacific Union College, labeled herself a

“passive” giver, but recently discovered

she could do more than simply give

money. “I felt it wasn’t enough. It was

helping from a distance, from inside a

bubble of convenience. But I wanted to be

more actively involved in the causes I supported.”

After years of halfhearted service,

Crumley decided it was time for her to

commit more fully to making a difference.

“I decided to apply to the Peace

Corps 4 after I spent last summer with

ADRA (Adventist Development and

Relief Agency) Argentina. 5 My time with

ADRA was a turning point, both personally

and professionally. I got hooked on

a different kind of development, the

kind that empowers and enables people

to change their circumstances.” Crumley,

who graduated with a degree in

intercultural communication and Spanish,

looks forward to her two-year service

in the Peace Corps. “I get the feeling

that I’m going to find a whole new host

of causes and connections.”

For Crumley, activism isn’t just something

to do—it comes from a basic

human desire. “I think there’s an underlying

spiritual need to connect and contribute

to humanity. To see the point of

activism, I have to believe in the fact that

I can do something that matters. . . . You

also have to believe that we have a

responsibility to improve our world.”

Lifetime Activist

Luther Whiting was a business

administration major at Southern Adventist

University when he began a nonprofit

organization called Noshaq. “I

started my nonprofit in Afghanistan

because I couldn’t have imagined any

other reaction to the horrific things I

witnessed there while interning for

ADRA in the country’s Central Highlands,”

Whiting said of the organization

he founded at the age of 19.

Whiting realized that social media

could be an asset if used correctly. “I

used social networking to raise awareness

and financial support for our organization,”

he says, adding that he

employed pictures and multimedia presentations

to spread the word about his

organization, and also went on speaking

tours. Whiting was featured in newspapers,

local TV ads, and even held a fundraising


Whiting believes that there’s no better

time to serve than when a person is

to Activist

Today’s youth aren’t

sitting on the sidelines. | November 21, 2013 | (1043) 19

Photo: Austin Ho

young. “Your years as a student place

you in an ideal incubator for acting on

your dreams. You’re surrounded by a

large network of fellow young people to

plan, scheme, and dream with,” he says.

“To miss out on service involvement

during school is to miss the stop to one

of life’s most epic adventures.”

Though Noshaq is no longer active,

Whiting—now a staff assistant for U.S.

Senator Susan Collins (Maine)—hopes

to continue being involved in the causes

closest to his heart. “I don’t know what


University Business Administration

major Steve Erich (left), who also

serves as operations manager for the

Stoplight Project to help end human

trafficking, discusses program strategies

with other members of the nonprofit


adventures await me, or if Afghanistan

will reenter my life. But I sincerely hope

that service will remain a prominent

part of my life and career.”

A Generation of Doers

Paddy McCoy, the campus chaplain of

Walla Walla University, believes that the

young people he encounters in his ministry

are far more passionate than

they’re given credit for. “I see a very

active group of young adults who want

to do something and get their hands

dirty. Sure, there are those who feel that

as long as they donate here or there

they’ve given their service. But by and

large, this generation is waiting to be let

loose,” he said. “They are not a complacent


In his many years of youth ministry

McCoy has witnessed a change that he

describes as “incredible” in how stu-

dents use social media. “Today’s socialmedia

generation can accomplish

grassroots movements that have a huge

impact in a very short amount of time,”

he says. “The opportunities that social

media provide to get the word out, to

fund-raise, and to promote causes . . .

are quite astounding.”

McCoy believes that younger and

older generations can work together to

bring a message to those who need it.

“If others can help them see how and

where to help and meet the greatest

needs, then they are willing to do

it. They also need help knowing how

best to take the good-news message to

other places,” he said.

Sharon Pittman has found much of

the same attitude in her work with

young adults. She is director of the

newly minted Master of Global Community

Development program at Southern

Adventist University, 6 “Engaging

students in mission-focused ministries

is an ‘easy sell,’ Pittman says. “They see

the often harsh and hurting world and

are highly motivated and looking for

opportunities to make a difference. As

an Adventist professor, my job is to link

their passion and skills to opportunities

to engage in sustainable service

learning ministries.”

Pittman’s own involvement in service

began at an early age. “As a missionary

kid growing up in Pakistan, where my

parents work at our Seventh-day Ad-

Benefits of



There’s nothing quite like giving back. Whether

it’s volunteering at a soup kitchen or going on a

short-term mission trip, lending your time to care

for others is part of our God-given mission. And

there are personal plusses as well. Here are five

benefits of giving back:*

Developing a New Skill—No matter

your professional field, volunteering can

provide access to a whole new set of skills.

From technology to conservation methods,

volunteering offers a wide range of opportunities

for you to grow your skill set or use

what you already know in new ways.

Meeting New People—After a few

years in the same town, industry, or church,

your social circle becomes set. Volunteering

can introduce you to new groups of people

and is a good opportunity to meet others

outside your faith. This offers the opportunity

to witness to those you otherwise

wouldn’t meet.

20 (1044) | | November 21, 2013

ventist hospital, I often came to school

to find that mothers had abandoned

sick and dying babies during the night,”

she recalls. “Early on, I was impacted by

the idea that the life of each child of God

is precious, whether young or old.”

These early experiences led her to pursue

a life of service to help instill that

same passion in others. “I have always

dreamed that one day I could start a

graduate program where people who

desired to do so could learn to build

skills to help others.”

The Southern Adventist University

masters program combines faith-based

studies with development strategies to

help students learn how they can make

the biggest impact in their communities

and around the world.

Go Light Your World

Pittman believes that activism is a way

to fight off our natural propensity toward

selfishness. “It is easy to be self-absorbed

and internally focused,” she says. “Sharing

a biblical model for abundant life

requires that we set aside our selfishness

to reach out and care for the long haul.”

McCoy shares a similar view when it

comes to setting aside self for the good

of others. “We make the time for all

sorts of things we believe to be a priority.

I’m just wondering what would

happen if once a week we got involved

in our community for an hour instead

of watching TV, or if we supported an

Organizations Looking for Volunteers

Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA):

Adventist Volunteer Service (AVS): .................................

Adventist Community Services (ACS):

Maranatha Volunteers International: ............................................

Volunteer Match: ..............................................................................

United Way: .....................................................................................................

He Said Go: ................................................................................

Adventist Mission:

Habitat for Humanity:

Adventist Frontier Missions: .................................................................

online ministry instead of online shopping.

Christianity in North America, by

and large, has a bad reputation. But

when Christians get involved and love

others, that bad rep begins to change.

That’s what I’m living and working for.”

There’s a demand for change in the

world, and it should be the burden of

Christians to meet that need. These

young adults have made it their aim to do

more than donate funds or share a Facebook

photo: they’re spreading a message

of healing and restoration to a dying

world. n







Janelle Collins recently

graduated with a degree in


journalism from Andrews


University. She wrote this

article while a 2013 summer

intern for Adventist Review.


Melendez poses with a boy he met

while serving in Madagascar in


Photo: Courtesy of Javier Melendez

Gaining a Sense of Achievement—

Even if you enjoy your work, it’s still a job

and earns a paycheck. But giving your time

to something you aren’t being paid for and

seeing the joy it brings others can create a

sense of accomplishment that can be far

more satisfying than simply earning wages.

Exploring New Career Options—School

isn’t the only place to discover career passions.

Volunteering for a nonprofit organization

can help you discover new interests and

explore other fields you may never have considered.

If you’re thinking about a career

change, volunteering can be a perfect opening

to see what else is out there.

Teaching Opportunities—Not everyone

is able to teach in a classroom setting, but

that doesn’t mean you can’t be a teacher.

Hundreds of nonprofit organizations offer

volunteers the opportunity to mentor kids.

Through these programs you can pass on

your practical skills as well as general life lessons,

blessing others with your acquired

knowledge. This can encourage youth you

come in contact with to “pay it forward” —

and volunteer when they get older too.

* Sources:




Shanna Crumley, who recently graduated

from Pacific Union College with

a degree in Intercultural Communication

and Spanish, describes her summer

working for ADRA Argentina as a

turning point that led her to commit

more fully to mission service.

Photo: Courtesy of Shanna Crumley | November 21, 2013 | (1045) 21



It happened 50 years ago this month:

perhaps one of the most wrenching

flights in the history of aviation.

Air Force One

Jim Swindal was the pilot of a Boeing

707 with the tail number 26000. The

Secret Service called it “Angel,” but most

of the world knew it simply as Air Force

One. It was John F. Kennedy’s flagship aircraft,

loaded with elegance and $2 million

worth of high-tech hardware. It featured

offices equipped with electric typewriters,

and carried subscriptions to 15 magazines

and five daily newspapers. Its presidential

bedroom, catering to times when

the chief executive had to cross many time

zones all at once, included a special bed

with a mattress designed for Kennedy’s

bad back.

Colonel Jim Swindal had already logged

some 75,000 miles on Air Force One in a

little more than a year since its commissioning.

He was dedicated and loyal, both

to the presidency and to this thirty-fifth

president, John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Earlier

in 1963 he had flown his hero to Germany

for the president’s famous “Ich bin

ein Berliner” speech.

National Tragedy

Now, on a crushing Friday afternoon,

Swindal had to take off from Dallas

for the worst two-hour-and-eighteenminute

flight of his life. The last hour

on the ground had been pure agony for

Swindal and everybody else: a hot, perspiring

delay while Lyndon Johnson

waited for Texas judge Sarah Hughes to

drive out to the airport and swear in the

new chief executive. There in the tail

area of Air Force One was a large coffin,

a Britannia model, solid bronze. Kennedy’s

bullet-riddled remains were in it.

Kennedy loyalists and Johnson staffers

filled the plane, sick to the soul as they

grappled with painful tragedy and awkward

transition, as one administration

ended and the other one began, in the

sticky humidity of the 707 with the disconnected


William Manchester’s standout book,

The Death of a President, helps us focus:

Who should participate? Who should be

in the picture as Lyndon Johnson is

sworn in? LBJ had already expressed in a

general announcement to the whole

plane: “If anybody wants to join in in the

swearing-in ceremony, I would be happy

and proud to have you.” But Swindal

and many others were simply too griefstricken

to join in. Their president was

lying in the box.


Jackie Kennedy was one of the few

who did participate. “Three years in the

White House,” Manchester states, “had

given [Jackie] an abiding respect for her

husband’s office. She understood the

symbols of authority, the need for some

semblance of national majesty after the

disaster, and so she came.” In the

famous black-and-white photo by Cecil

Stoughton of Johnson being sworn in,

the widow of John Kennedy is standing

right next to him.*


Then at 2:47 in the afternoon, CST, Air

Force One lifted off from Love Field. Just

three hours and nine minutes earlier

the plane had touched down for a victorious

parade. Spirits had been high; celebration

and sunshine and confetti

were in the air. Now nothing but darkness

and tears.

Air Force One is the most secure plane

in the world. Every trip is exceptionally

guarded in terms of its flight path. The

plane zigs and zags, taking unorthodox

routes for utmost secrecy. On the ground



Soaring higher than

Air Force One

Secret Service agents track its every move;

people stationed in unmarked cars along

the route visually confirm its passage

overhead. And this flight carried the dead

body of the former president and also the

new president. There was no backup, no

vice vice president. And 26000 had no

military escort for this trip. On the

ground below, the Pentagon put Air Force

bases on standby alert, with pilots

“belted in and ready to go.”

Captain Swindal had to fly that plane carrying

the dead body of his hero. It was

November, with early sundowns. Flying west

to east to Washington, D.C., Air Force One

was quickly immersed in shadows and then

in darkness that made the gloom more

unbearable. “It was the sickest plane I’ve ever

been on,” Mac Kilduff, a Kennedy advisor,

told people later. But no one seemed to feel it

as did the captain. Manchester writes: “No

aircraft commander had ever been charged

with so grave a responsibility, yet he wondered

whether he could make it to Andrews.

He was near collapse. ‘It became,’ in his

words, ‘a struggle to continue.’ ”

Swindal had clearance to take his

beloved president home at 29,000 feet, a

pretty standard level even today. Flights

often climb up to these levels to avoid

turbulence. But with all that ache in his

heart, and with the defiant skyline of

Dallas just behind him, with all the

hatred of people, the cities, and angry

civilizations just below him, spreading

out in all directions, Swindal

wished he could take his

beloved president away

from it all. He wanted to lift him higher

than he’d ever been before, remove him

from the pain of earth, the danger of bullets

and snipers and angry posters and

cruel editorials. And so he did. In all his

life, Kennedy had never been so far above

earth before; the 707 roared toward the

stars, climbing at the incredible rate of

4,000 feet per minute. Swindal didn’t

level off until they were at 41,000 feet,

approximately eight miles above the

scarred world and its miserable Friday.

What a flight

that’s going

to be!


Fifty years later, our world is just as

horribly scarred and miserable. It still

harbors assassins and hurt of every

kind. Hate is as cheap as the Internet.

Leaders fall to bullets or scandals. Terrorists

obliterate our tallest buildings

and slaughter our most innocent

infants, loved ones, and friends. We

keep visiting more hospitals, attending

more funerals, and standing in more

cemeteries than we ever wanted to. We

need a Swindal flight.

Except that what God’s Word promises

is infinitely better. Not Dallas to

Washington, D.C., not a Boeing 707, not

two hours and eighteen minutes of

flight, and not even Swindal’s breathtaking

41,000 feet. But a trip that lifts us

free from every last trace of this world’s

ugliness and hate, a trip beyond the

stars. Jesus promises us, “In my Father’s

house are many mansions. . . . I go to prepare

a place for you. And if I go and prepare a

place for you, I will come again, and receive

you unto myself; that where I am, there ye

may be also” (John 14:2, 3, KJV).

Paul knew much about assassinations;

in fact, his own life ended tragically. But

in 1 Thessalonians he writes about how

we’ll soon be lifted up, caught up in the

clouds. And then we’ll head out for a

celestial journey that takes us far beyond

the clouds, to a city that’s the capital of

the universe. To a city that’s home. It’s a

long, long way away, and frankly, we

want it to be a long, long way away from

earth and sin and death and the endless

rows of tombstones at Arlington

National Cemetery. God’s angels will

gather His children together from the

four winds of heaven and lift us up to

meet our Lord in the air (see Mark

13:27). “And so shall we ever be with the

Lord” (1 Thess. 4:17).

Shout “Hallelujah,” friend of mine.

What a flight that’s going to be! n

* Quotations from William Manchester, The Death of

a President (London: Pan Books, 1967).

David B. Smith is the author of

Finding Waldo and Rachel Marie,

stories set in his home country

of Thailand.

Lonnie Melashenko is a

revivalist for the Columbia

Union Conference. | November 21, 2013 | (1047) 23

Back to Basics

When Anger Is Sin

Have you ever been the recipient of an evil eye? You know, the look

that is sharper than a dagger and more damaging than a rattlesnake bite? The angry glances intended to kill,

if not the body, at least the spirit? In fact, if looks could kill, we would be a nation of dead men and women

walking, because we are all angry with ourselves or others—some for a lifetime.

We see it in government dysfunction at the national level, in random acts of domestic and societal violence,

and in divisive discourses from the pulpits of so-called Christian churches where pastors malign and

threaten to maim those who believe differently.

However, before we jump on the bandwagon of blaming the other side, let me remind us that this

national behavior is a reflection of the personal brokenness that exists in all our lives today. This brokenness

results from a disposition of sin inherited by every human born after the Fall (Ps. 51:5), and is

most often manifested in actions that emphasize the belief that “I am my own god.” It has been

perpetuated from generation to generation. As those living in the last days, we have inherited the

cumulative effect of humanity’s repudiation of divine directives for reconciliation.

Condemnation for this disposition of sin comes when the Holy Spirit brings to our attention

the fact that Jesus came to deliver us from it. Yet we refuse to allow Him to do so. From that

moment, followed by persistent rejection, we begin to receive the seal of condemnation. “This is

the verdict,” said Jesus about that critical moment: “Light has come into the world, but people loved

darkness instead of light” (John 3:19).

So where do we go from there? We must immediately decide to let God heal our personal brokenness,

then obey His divine directives and be reconciled with one another.

In the Beatitudes (Matt. 5:3-12), also known as the Christian Magna Carta and constitution of the

kingdom of God, Jesus told His disciples—then and now—that His kingdom code is deeper and more

personal than the laws of the scribes and Pharisees. For instance, His kingdom code is to honor God,

not just with behaviors that can be observed and measured, but with thoughts, motives, and attitudes,

the unseen evidence of being. Jesus calls us, His followers, to commit ourselves not simply to external

requirements that make it appear as if we are doing the right thing, but to an inner allegiance to His

kingdom code that includes our thoughts, motives, and attitudes toward things such as anger (cf. Matt.


Jesus didn’t say that anger—the normal, agitated outburst to offenses or reaction to hurt, harm, and

hostility—is a sin. He Himself was angry when He saw how God’s house of prayer had been transformed

into a den of robbers.

The apostle Paul, who wrote more about anger than anyone in the New Testament, urged, “In your anger

do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry, and do not give the devil a foothold” (Eph.

4:26, 27). James adds this caveat: “Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become

angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires” (James 1:19, 20).

Here’s the lesson for us today: It’s OK to get angry, but not to let it seethe and simmer until it boils over.

Instead, practice the “go” of reconciliation, because it’s a divine directive (Matt. 5:23, 24). It’s also important

and urgent enough to interrupt our worship of God. This is usually the last thing we want to do, especially

when our pride causes us to assert that divine principles are at stake. But we must be reconciled with one

another because unresolved anger is sin; and like all other sins, it destroys us.

Our lives should be guided by Alma Bazel Androzzo’s classic lyrics:

“If I can do my duty as a Christian ought,

If I can bring back beauty to a world upwrought,

If I can spread love’s message, as the Master taught,

Then my living shall not be in vain.” n



Hyveth Williams teaches homiletics at the Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary. | November 21, 2013 | (1049) 25

Adventist Life

Married, but

Alone on the Sabbath


Amanda is a member of a

suburban Seventh-day Adventist

church. It’s Sabbath

afternoon, and she’s

stretched out on her living

room couch reading the Adventist Review.

In the background, her husband, Kevin,

watches an international golf tournament

on television. She sits with her

back to the screen, aware of who is winning

because of Kevin’s occasional comments.

But she stays immersed in her

reading despite the continuous chatter

of the sports announcer. This is a typical

after-church Sabbath for Amanda.

Ironically, she is reading an article on

Sabbathkeeping. She finds it both amusing

and frustrating, because most of the

advice does not fit her life with Kevin,

her unchurched spouse. For 15 years

Amanda has attended church alone—

one of the many “church widows” in an

average North American church. But she

has sisters all around the globe.

We don’t know the percentage, but a

large number of Adventists are married

to nonmembers, and most of them are

women. Although the principles presented

in this article apply to husbands

as well as wives, it will primarily

address women. Church researchers tell

us that the majority of Adventist members

are women, limiting the number of

men available for marriage.

For such women Sabbathkeeping is a

challenge. It’s most difficult in cultures

in which the female is viewed as having

less equality in the marriage relationship.

She may be subject to the whims

and needs of her husband to the point

that Sabbath is like any other day.

Should she refuse to serve him, her life

Living with an

unbelieving spouse

26 (1050) | | November 21, 2013

would be filled with tension, threats, or

even abuse. If she is fortunate, she has

an understanding partner who allows

her to attend church, which in some

countries can fill the whole day and

provide spiritual fellowship.

Not all religiously divided homes

involve spouses. We’ve heard stories of

children and youth who became Adventists

in spite of uninvolved or even hostile

parents and siblings. Their Sabbaths

can be especially tough. In many

instances their families mistreat them

or force them to leave home. These, of

course, are the extreme cases. Most converts

to Adventism

don’t face such overt

familial persecution;

but almost all religiously split homes

will face challenges on the Sabbath that

often require some sort of compromise

from the ideal.

The Influence of

Spiritual Fruits

A Bible text that many Christian

spouses cherish is 1 Corinthians 7:14:

“For the unbelieving husband is sanctified

by the wife, and the unbelieving wife

by the husband” (NKJV). 1 A caring and

loving spouse sanctifies by influence.

The fruits of the Holy Spirit act as a witness

to God’s character: love, joy, peace,

forebearance, gentleness, kindness, faithfulness,

and self-control (Gal. 5:22, 23).

These spiritual fruits may sound

intimidating because none of us is a

perfect human being. Trying to live up

to such a high standard can be a burden

in an environment of conflicting values.

So how do we reach those lofty, lifechanging

behaviors in a marriage? We

can’t do so consistently on a daily basis.

It’s always a struggle, and Sabbathkeeping

remains one of its biggest tests. The

following are some important guidelines

for working through these difficult

issues that this writer has learned

from years of experience:

Make prayer and study of the Word a

priority. Prayer opens the mind to the

influence of the Holy Spirit, who

changes our thoughts and lives in accordance

with God’s will. But too often we

give in to our selfish desires. When that

happens, it’s important to ask for forgiveness

before the day ends.

Never nag or try to change the other

person. Many homes have broken up

because the believer expects her husband

to follow her practices and accept

her ideas. I remember a friend who married

an agnostic and then pressured

him to give 10 percent of his salary to

her church every Sabbath. Being a kind

man, he did so for a time, but such an

expectation wore out his patience. Why

should he pay to support ideas he

didn’t believe in? The same logic applies

to the husband’s use of his time. How a

believer relates to her spouse on Sabbath

can be vital to his appreciation for

it in the future.

Linking pleasant memories with Sabbath

makes it worth anticipating. Presented

as a day for family, children

associate it with happiness—and so can

spouses. Nature trips offer an enjoyable

way to spend Sabbath. But don’t expect

the spouse to talk of religion or avoid

secular conversation; and don’t scold

him for it or any other Sabbath lapse.

Sabbath trips will be remembered by

the family, perhaps forever. Consider an

occasional whole day. It’s not good, however,

to miss church more than a week at a

time, except for vacations. Nonattendance

can become habitual, and the believing

spouse needs church fellowship.

Granted, most entertainment doesn’t

fit the goal of a sanctifying Sabbath, but | November 21, 2013 | (1051) 27

we can still find appropriate, creative,

and fun things to do together.

Worship with others and make lasting

church friendships. These friends are

our support group. Sabbathkeeping can

be done in conjunction with other

women who attend alone. An evangelist’s

wife told me about a group of women in

Russia who worship in the apartment of

a single woman each Sabbath and spend

the whole day. This weekly spiritual

retreat avoids the problems of Sabbathkeeping

at home (if it doesn’t leave the

husband feeling abandoned). Such a

practice may not work everywhere, but it

does offer a unique alternative.

Never say your spouse is unsaved or

believe your marriage is a mistake. 2

What if your spouse believed you were

lost? How would that affect your life

together? Yet I suspect many wives

believe this and even voice it to their

unchurched husbands. Imagine, too,

how you would feel if your spouse

believed your marriage was a mistake.

Don’t argue over religion. It never

helps, because it doesn’t change minds;

instead, it reinforces individual opinions.

This is particularly true on the

Sabbath, which can easily become a day

associated with confrontation.

Most religiously divided marriages

occur between a believer and an

unchurched spouse. It’s unusual but

not impossible, however, that two

strong believers find themselves in an

interfaith marriage. When a woman

marries a staunch believer of another

faith, it’s important that she respect

that faith. If she ever expects her husband

to attend church with her, she

ought to be willing to attend his church.

The couple must make it a point not

to argue over differences but emphasize

similarities. By praying and studying

together, they open their lives to the

Holy Spirit. Neither one should insist

on a particular interpretation of the

Bible unless their partner requests to be

part of such a discussion. Remember to

listen to each other: we can learn from

another’s faith journey.

Understand and discuss in a nonthreatening

way an unchurched husband’s

reasons for discomfort with

organized religion or Christianity. Many

do not trust religion because of negative

experiences. Perhaps they grew up in a

rigid home in which religion was more

toxic than helpful; or it could have been

a home in which religion was either

nonexistent or scorned. Many Jewish

husbands have been raised with a distrust

of Christianity. I know a Jewish

man whose grandmother was forced to

convert to Catholicism in prewar

Europe, which left him with a dislike for

structured religions. We can be knowledgeable

of, and sympathetic to, a

spouse’s experience with religion, and

respect his feelings.

Consider compromise. Compromise

is not always negative and is necessary

for peace and respect in homes in which

husband and wife have differing beliefs.

The Adventist wife must decide what

things can and cannot be compromised.

We know to avoid tasks identified with

the working world for Sabbath to be

Sabbath; that generally means not

laboring at home or on a job. But there

is no overall formula that works for

everyone; no one-size-fits-all Sabbathkeeping

in these nontraditional homes.

The Adventist spouse must prayerfully

consider what will work best in her particular


Plan ahead. To arrive home after a

joyful time in church among friends

who love the Lord can be a letdown on

Sabbath. When a wife walks through the

door, she may be met by a blaring television

and a rush to make lunch. It’s as if

the Sabbath has come to an end! But it

hasn’t. It’s actually just a prayer away.

Nothing can crush Sabbath joy more

quickly than an unprepared response to

the day. Many church families plan Sabbath

activities on Friday afternoon. The

spouse of the unchurched must plan

even more carefully. If there are children,

it means guiding them to enjoy

Sabbath. It becomes a problem when the

spouse differs on what children should

do, and the believing wife often has to

accept the husband’s decision, because

she does not parent alone.

Unfortunately, the husband may

never feel comfortable with his Adventist

wife’s choices for Sabbath, and

acceptance of this fact is one of the

pains in such a relationship.

Worth the Wait

As the Amandas of Adventism can tell

you, being married to an unchurched

husband or someone of a different faith

is a lonely road on which one frequently

feels isolated. Those who treasure the

joy of conversing about faith matters

can only imagine what it’s like when

such insights are out of bounds. It’s

akin to residing in a different dimension

from one’s mate; the inability to

share spiritual insights and truths is

painful—the thing you hold dearest in

life cannot be comprehended by the

person you love. It’s a situation that

causes some to drift away from their

church and faith.

Yet, there are instances in which this

type of marriage works well. It takes

two mature and loving adults who are

able to work through their differences

on life’s most important relationship—

their relationship with God. It may take

years, but for those who endure, it’s

worth the wait.

It’s all about acceptance, respect,

hope, faith, and love—and the greatest

of these is love. n


Texts credited to NKJV are from the New King

James Version. Copyright © 1979, 1980, 1982 by

Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights



Ellen G. White, The Adventist Home (Nashville:

Southern Pub. Assn., 1952), p. 106.

Katherine Carey is a pseudonym.

28 (1052) | | November 21, 2013

The Life of Faith

Jews, Christians, and Psalm 110

In biblical interpretation, one can be right for the wrong reasons,

and wrong for the right reasons. There’s an important passage in Scripture about which I believe Christians

have been right for the wrong reasons, and Jews have been wrong for the right reasons.

Psalm 110 is crucial to the Christian faith because its interpretation is traceable to Jesus Himself. In a

fascinating exchange with His own Jewish people, Jesus raised the tantalizing possibility that the Jewish

Messiah was more than human:

“While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, ‘What do you think about the Messiah?

Whose son is he?’

“ ‘The son of David,’ they replied.

“He said to them, ‘How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him “Lord”? For he says,

“The Lord said to my Lord: ‘Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.’ ”

“ ‘If then David calls him “Lord,” how can he be his son?’

“No one could say a word in reply” (Matt. 22:41-46).

This exchange, which “delighted” the crowds (see Mark 12:37), has been less than delightful

to Jewish theologians through the centuries—in part, because Christians often present it

wrongly. In fact, our Bibles have contributed to the problem.

Many versions of the Bible translate Psalm 110:1: “The LORD says to my Lord, ‘Sit at My right

hand’ ” (NKJV). 1 LORD (all capitals) indicates Yahweh, while Lord (capitalized) indicates Adonai;

both are divine. In essence, eager Trinitarian Christians have explained this verse as: God [the

Father] says to God [the Son], “Sit at My right hand.”

Unfortunately, this has resulted in Christians being dismissed by Jews as naive and careless with

Scripture. Why? Because the second “Lord” in verse 1 should not, in fact, be translated adonai

(Hebrew for divine Lord) but adoni (Hebrew for human lord). 2 This verse should read: “The LORD

says to my lord” (NIV).

Our Jewish friends are right. They are also wrong.

There’s another “Lord” in this psalm. He can be found in verse 5, sitting at the right hand. He is the

Lord, Adonai. But at whose right hand is Adonai sitting? Who else, but Yahweh’s? 3 What? How can a

human lord sit at the right hand of Yahweh in verse 1, and a divine Lord sit at the right hand of Yahweh

in verse 5? How can one figure be both human and divine at the same time?

It’s the Jewish reminder of careful exegesis that, ironically, makes Psalm 110 even more powerful than

what many Christians have realized and taught. Indeed, it’s the human nature of “lord” in verse 1 that sets

up the cosmic punch line: the divine nature of this same “Lord” in verse 5. The revelation is startling: This

Messiah is not only from earth; He’s from heaven. He’s not only the Son of man; He’s the Son of God. He’s

not only the offspring of David; He’s the Root of Jesse (Rev. 22:16).

This is precisely the point Jesus was making all along. n




Texts credited to NKJV are from the New King James Version. Copyright © 1979, 1980, 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All

rights reserved.


The Hebrew term adon can mean either a human lord or divine Lord. But when adon appears with the possessive “my” (adoni in Hebrew), it

always refers to a human lord or master (even angel), not to God (see, for example, 1 Sam. 29:8; Ex. 21:5; Gen. 18:12; Joshua 5:14).


Some have suggested that in verse 5 adonai sits at the right hand of a human lord, meaning that we’ve gone from a human at the right hand

of Yahweh in verse 1 to a divine Adonai at the right hand of a human in verse 5. While this is possible, it must be asked: Did these figures somehow

switch seats? If so, why? Also, if the “LORD” (Yahweh) of verse 1 is the same figure as the “Lord” (adonai) of verse 5 (who’s described as the

“Lord” who will crush kings and judge the nations [verses 5, 6]) would the LORD (Yahweh) also have to drink from a brook along the way (verse

7)? Does it not make more sense that the lord (adoni) invited to sit at the right hand of Yahweh in verse 1 is the same Lord (adonai) seated at the

right hand of Yahweh in verse 5?

Andy Nash is a professor and lay pastor. He’s leading two tours to Israel next summer. Contact him at | November 21, 2013 | (1053) 29


Creation Health: A Journey of Discovery

CREATION Health: A Journey of Discovery,

Chris Blake, Florida Hospital Mission

Development, Orlando, Florida,

2013, 228 pages, US$14.99. Reviewed

by Stephen Chavez, coordinating editor,

Adventist Review.

Health is hot. You can’t go anywhere

without seeing an article, an ad, a

program about eating healthfully, losing

weight, beating addictions, or

reducing your risk of heart attack,

stroke, or various forms of cancer.

A generation ago Adventists

were well-known for speaking out

against smoking, using illicit

drugs, and drinking alcohol.

Indeed, in many venues ours was

the predominant voice in opposing

these habits.

Now it’s not only Adventists

who lobby against corporations

that promote tobacco, alcohol,

and factory farming. Some might

wonder whether we have anything

to offer, or if we’ll ever

have the influence we

once had.


is one response. The

book, written by wellknown

author Chris Blake, is

an exposition of the CREATION

health outline adopted by the General

Conference Health Ministries

Department and embodied by the Florida

Hospital Health System. CREATION

health (choice, rest, environment, activity,

trust, interpersonal relationships,

outlook, nutrition) is the twenty-firstcentury

child of the NEWSTART health

system, used so well and so effectively

as part of the Adventist health message

in the last half of the twentieth century.

The book CREATION Health defies

description. It’s not a textbook; it’s not

literature; more than anything it’s a

workbook, packed with more information,

activities, questions, and quotes

than can be absorbed in one setting.

And that’s the idea. This isn’t a book

to curl up with and read straight

through; it’s a book to digest, a little at a

time, preferably with friends or fellow

church members in small groups.

According to Robyn Edgerton, Mission

Development director

for Florida Hospital and editor of

the book, the book is designed to go

where Adventists aren’t generally

invited: government agencies, county

health departments, community recreation


And why not? With the current

emphasis on health and health care,

employers, employees, and individuals

are increasingly looking for ways to

stretch their health resources, to find

cures that are simple, effective, and


CREATION Health’s message is overwhelmingly

positive. It’s not a book

about prohibitions. It’s a book of prescriptions:

“eight universal principles

for living life to the fullest.” Author

Chris Blake uses three words to describe

the book: accessible, deep, practical. All

the principles begin with the Bible, but

they don’t end there. They move into

our lives and touch those areas

where we live, work, recreate,

share relationships, and enjoy


The only drawback to this

book can be stated in one

word: accessibility. As of this

writing (the first week of

November), the only way to

get copies of this book is to

call Mission Development at

Florida Hospital and order

them. The phone number

(407-303-7711) isn’t even tollfree.

For a generation used to

one-click shopping, this is a

huge disadvantage. Books

can also be ordered from, but

when I went to the site I

couldn’t find a link with

which to order the book.

CREATION Health is ideal for smallgroup

Bible studies, prayer meetings,

Sabbath school classes, youth and young

adult groups. It’s also a great, nonthreatening

way to introduce people to

the practical truths of the Bible. The

writing and activities are engaging and

thought-provoking, providing many

opportunities to make personal


If only it were available on Amazon.

com or at Adventist Book Centers. n

30 (1054) | | November 21, 2013


Fissures in Fine-China Christianity

“OK, girls. Can you help me get dinner ready?” My mother spoke

quickly as we moved from the car into the house. “Mindy, will you please set the table?”

Still wearing my favorite church dress—the one with pale-pink roses and soft cream lace trim—and filled

with 12-year-old self-importance, I led the two girls into the kitchen. I felt sure I knew all there was to know

about Sabbath dinner preparation, and I was ready to impress.

We had five small guests eating with us—siblings ranging from 3 to 11 years old. They came from difficult

circumstances: their mother was in jail, and their father was in charge yet absent, intent on a very public

affair with another woman. As the pastor’s family, we had invited to take them to church and to dinner with

us afterward.

The flash of steel and the fast motion of the knife in my mother’s hand quickly chopped a buffet of green,

red, and yellow vegetables for a fresh relish tray. Hymns played from the stereo, and rich savory smells

escaped from the oven door as the vegetarian roast was reheated. My mouth was already watering. Breakfast

seemed so long ago.

I started confidently toward our country-blue china hutch, its glass doors revealing an array of beautiful

dishes, glass goblets, and bowls. While their brothers roughhoused and played in the living room, the two

girls stood awkwardly, faces grimy and clothes stained, in the middle of the dining room. Their eyes tracked

my every movement.

From inside the cupboard I began to pull out my mother’s wedding china. White and

richly delicate with gleaming silver trim and a lacy flower design, it caught the light as

I counted out the plates we would need. One, two, three, four. . . Next, I would count

out the matching fancy silverware. I already knew what my table-setting finale

would be: the tall crystal candlesticks. Their glittering cut glass, catching and

refracting the light, would surely awe my two young friends.

All of a sudden, out of the corner of my eye, I saw my mother motioning to

me. She was shaking her head. What’s wrong? I wondered. Am I in trouble for something?

But once she had my attention, she simply smiled and opened one of the

kitchen cupboards, silently motioning that I should use our everyday plastic

blue dishes.

At first, I stood there confused. Why did my mother not want me to use our special

Sabbath china? She was the one who had taught us that Sabbath was a special day,

a day to honor God by using only our best. I looked from my mother’s face to the two

little girls silently watching me and then back into my mother’s eyes. Suddenly I


That Sabbath we ate from our scarred and battered everyday plastic dishes, and I learned

an important lesson. Without saying a word, my mother had taught me the importance of

being careful with people’s feelings. That day I realized that showing God’s love to others

might not always mean offering your best. It is about making your guests feel comfortable and

at home.

In the same way, our churches can have the most beautiful stained glass, the shiniest grand piano, and the

richest upholstered pews; but unless people—all kinds of people—feel welcome, we are not truly sharing

God’s marvelous love and providing them with a safe church home. Even though that Sabbath dinner happened

more than a decade ago, I remember the powerful lesson my mother taught me that day. There are fissures

in fine-china Christianity, and truly caring about people’s feelings is how we genuinely honor God. n

Mindy Liebelt writes from Lincoln, Nebraska. | November 21, 2013 | (1055) 31

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